Title: Florida architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00290
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Series Title: Florida architect.
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: September-October 1991
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073793
Volume ID: VID00290
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Full Text

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FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991



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September/October, 1991
Vol. 38, No. 5

Florida Architect, Official Journal of the
Florida Association of the American In-
stitute of Architects, is owned and pub-
lished by the Association, a Florida Cor-
poration not for profit. ISSN-0015-3907.
It is published six times a year at the
Executive Office of the Association, 104
East Jefferson St., Thllahassee, Florida
32302. Telephone (904) 222-7590.
Opinions expressed by contributors are
not necessarily those of the FA/AIA.
Editorial material may be reprinted only
with the express permission of Florida
Single copies, $4.00; Annual subscrip-
tion, $19.08. Third class postage.


FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991



1991 FA/AIA Unbuilt Design Awards 11

The Fortress Tamed 20
The Florida Department of Law Enforcement
Headquarters is Johnson/Peterson's alternative to
traditional institutional architecture.
Hugh Bosely

A Heavenly, Restoration 24
Schwab Twitty and Hanser have designed a compatible
addition to a Coral Ridge landmark.
Patty Doyle

A Supreme Building for Florida's High Court 28
The enlargement of Florida's Supreme Court
building by Barnett + Fronczak was designed with the
original in mind.
Peter Kaufman


Editorial 5
News 7
Legal Notes 8
A Case Study: Architects May Rely On Plan Approval
David F. Tegler, AIA, Esq.
New Products 35
Office Practice Aids 39
Accessibility Requirements Manual:
Toilet Stalls and Rooms, Acceptable Alternatives
Thomas R. Nicholson

Cover drawing of the Swisher Residence on Vaca Key is by Jose Silva and Gregg Pawley of Charles
Harrison Pawley Architect FAIA.


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Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street
Post Office Box 10388
Tallahassee, Florida 32302
Publisher/Executive Vice President
George A. Allen, CAE, Hon. AIA
Diane D. Greer
Assistant Publisher
Director of Advertising
Carolyn Maryland
Design and Production
Peter Mitchell Associates, Inc.
Boyd Brothers Printers
Publications Committee
Roy Knight, AIA, Chairman
Henry Alexander, AIA
Keith Bailey, AIA
Gene Leedy, AIA
Will Morris, AIA
Don Sackman, AIA
H. Dean Rowe, FAIA
Editorial Board
Ivan Johnson, AIA
Dave Fronczak, AIA
Roy Knight, AIA
Raymond L. Scott, AIA
1900 Summit Tower Blvd., Ste. 260
Orlando, 32810
Vice President/President-elect
Henry C. Alexander, AIA
Smith Korach Hayet Haynie
175 Fontainebleau Road
Miami, Florida 33172
John Tice, AIA
909 East Cervantes
Pensacola, Florida 32501
Past President
Larry M. Schneider, AIA
25 Seabreeze
Delray Beach, FL 32483
Regional Directors
John M.. Barley, AIA
5772 Timuquana Rd., Ste. 4
Jacksonville, Florida 32210
James H./Anstis, FAIA
4425 Beacon Circle
West Palm Beach, Florida 33407
Services Commission
Ross Spiegel, AIA
2701 West Oakland Park Blvd.
Suite 300
Oakland Park, Florida 33311
Vice President/
Public Affairs Commission
Joseph Garcia, AIA-
3300 S. W Archer Road
Gainesville, Florida 32608
Vice President/Professional
Excellence Commission
Richard T. Reep, AIA
510 Julia Street
Jacksonville, Florida 32202

Sdjectives that come to mind when I'm describing the projects which
were premeated by this year's Unbuilt Design Awards jury are
"fun, fanciful, wildly romantic, brilliantly colorful,...." I could go
on using descriptive phrases including a rich variety of adjectives that
aren't usually a part of my architectural vocabulary when I'm describing
more sedate projects than those seen on the pages of this award's issue. I
have to say that I'm truly enthralled by the vision of a handful of architects
who are breaking new ground...or, resurrecting old, but familiar, building
types, i.e. the treehouse or the lighthouse. I'm also tremendously
'encouraged that the economy in general has taken enough of an upturn that
clients are utilizing the services of architects for "non-essential", but utterly
pleasing buildings.
This year's Unbuilt Awards program produced a rich variety of projects
that run the geographical gamut from Seaside to Casey Key. Interestingly, a
noteworthy number of the projects are on isolated and rather romantic
sites...keys, islands, beaches. In addition, there is a school in Manhattan
with an underground gymnasium that conjures up images of the New York
City subway system and a wonderful commercial building in the Florida
Panhandle whose surprises include a third floor courtyard and a largely
louvered facade.
An addition to a castle in Italy? Yes, there is one of those. A house in the
Florida Keys that Robinson Crusoe would have died to get his hands on. We
have that. An observation suite added to a Paul Rudolph original...and
that's not all. In Ft. Lauderdale, a vintage pullman car and its access to the
site was a significant basis for the design of a corporate headquarters build-
As far as I can tell each project is remarkably well-suited to its specific
site and general environment...and I include the Manhattan school and the
Italian castle/museum addition. Even the more traditional projects, several
residences and a church, take advantage of their sites in ingenious, energy-
efficient ways. Client imperatives in almost all cases included energy-
efficiency, and in its most extreme manifestation, the residence on Casey
Key employs a windmill.
There is little I can add. See for yourself how exciting this handful of pro-
jects is. Imagination is not dead, and neither is fantasy and neither is fun.
When these qualities are combined with sound principles of design, careful-
ly chosen materials, energy-efficiency and a general concern for the environ-
ment, as these projects are, you get the "best of all possible worlds." DG

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

National Air and Space Museum
Architecture by: Hellmuth, Obata & Kassabaum, Inc.

Architectural/Interior Design Photography

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FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991


Territorial Governor's
Mansion Will Be

The Research and Education
Center for Architectural Pre-
servation (RECAP) at the Uni-
versity of Florida has been
awarded a contract to prepare
architectural and historical
documentation for The Grove,
Florida's Governor's.Mansion
in Tallahassee during its Terri-
torial Period.
The work will be conducted
by West Palm Beach preserva-
tion architect Leslie Divoll, AIA,
and Tallahassee historian Dr.
Mildred E. Fryman. The work
is being done under the direc-
tion of College of Architecture
Assistant Dean Ralph Johnson,
and Herschel Shepard, FAIA,
Associate Director of RECAP.
The Grove is the home of
Mary Call Collins, great grand-
daughter of its builder, and her
late husband, former governor
LeRoy Collins. The stately Clas-
sic Revival plantation house
was built in the 1830s by
Richard Keith Call, an Andrew
Jackson protege and twice
Florida's Territorial Governor.
The Grove was sold in 1981
to the State of Florida by the
Collins family. It will eventual-
ly become a museum reflecting
the sweep of social and political
changes in Florida between the
1820s and the 1950s, when
LeRoy Collins served as Flori-
da's thirty-third governor. The
museum will place special em-
phasis on the Territorial period
and the Call family legacy.
This project is being financed
by the Florida Department of
State, Division of Historical
Resources, assisted by the His-
toric Preservation Advisory

A Study of Marcite
(Plaster) Deterioration
in Swimming Pools
Dr. E. Dow Whitney and Dr.
Brisbane H. Brown, Jr.

Florida enjoys 18% of the
world swimming pool mar-
ket, larger than California and
Hawaii combined. Not surpris-
ing since a swimming pool is
part of the Florida lifestyle and
is no longer considered a luxury
item. However, over the past
few years the pool industry has
been plagued by a number of
problems involving marcite
(plaster) coated pools. These
problems include all types of
blemishes, etching, mottling
and discoloration of marcite
pool linings. Although these
problems have been investigat-
ed for several years no single
consensus has been developed
as to their cause and conse-
quently what preventative
measures to take. Mechanisms
responsible for the surface dete-
rioration of marcite remained
Totally baffled and discour-
aged, the National Spa and
Pool Institute Region VII
(Florida) Council formed the
Plaster/Marcite Committee in
1988 to seek out the problems
that were besieging the indus-
try and to come up with a solu-
tion. In the Spring of 1989
three research projects were
started, funded by the Building
Construction Industry Advisory
Committee, a research grant
committee operating under the
Florida Department of Educa-
tion, the National Spa and Pool
Institute and the University of
The research program in-
volved both mechanistic studies
of marcite corrosion under con-
trolled laboratory conditions as
well as field diagnostic studies
wherein petrographic scanning
electron microscopic (including
energy dispersive X-ray spec-
troscopy) and X-ray diffraction
phase analysis of healthy and

deteriorated plaster from actu-
al swimming pools were
From this study it was
shown that deterioration of
marcite (including both etching,
pitting and staining) is chemi-
cally related and is primarily
due to leaching of calcium
hydroxide (portlandite) from
the portland cement paste. The
calcite aggregate in the cement
does not appear to be particu-
larly affected by the leaching
Recommendations are given
for proper control of water
chemistry as well as mitigating
chemical attack by protecting
the marcite surface with suit-

able chemical barrier coatings
and the use of additives to the
cement to chemically interact
with the calcium hydroxide
component of the cement paste
in order to make it less reactive
chemically and thus less sus-
ceptible to attack by pool water.
Copies of this report can be
obtained by contacting:
Brisbane H. Brown, Jr.
Executive Secretary
Building Construction Industry
Advisory Committee
M.E. Rinker, Sr., School of
Building Construction
FAC 101
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida 32611
(904) 392-5965

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991


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Bill Bynum or Mike Gray

OCTOBE 2-6, 1991

Circle 21 on Reader Inquiry Card


A Case Study: Architects May Rely on Plan Approval
by David F Tegeler, AIA, Esq.

A architects in Florida may
now have reason to feel
more secure in their reliance
upon the interpretation of
building codes by local officials
and the subsequent approval of
their plans. Recently, the Flori-
da District Court of Appeals for
the Second District held that
an architect is justified in rely-
ing upon a building official's
approval of his design as being
in compliance with the local
code. Edward J. Seibert, AIA,
Architect and Planner, PA. v.
Baypoint Beach and Tennis
Club Association, Inc., 573 So.
2d 889 (Fla. 2d Dist. Ct. App.
1990). The legal story of this
case is frightening because it is
similar in its underlying facts
to so many architectural pro-
jects, and heartening because it
has a happy ending for the
The Seibert case cited above
involved the design of a condo-
minium in the City of Longboat
Key, Florida. The architect was
required to comply with the
Standard Building Code which
had been adopted by the city.
He designed the second floor
dwelling units each with only
one unenclosed stairway lead-
ing directly from the front door
to the ground, which he
believed was sufficient under
the requirements of the code.
The architect submitted his
completed design to the city,
where the plans were reviewed
by the man who served as both
Chief Building Inspector and
Chief Code Enforcement Officer.
The officer also concluded that
the exit design complied with
the code and issued a building
permit. The condominium units
were then constructed accord-
ing to the approved plans, and
were apparently completed in
1983. So far, this seems to be a
fairly common story of a Flori-
da condominium project.
But, the story begins to sour
here. In 1985, the individual
condominium owners assumed

control of their association from
the developer. Shortly there-
after, the association filed a
lawsuit against the developer,
the architect, the engineer, the
general contractor, and several
subcontractors in which it
alleged that fifty-one separate
defects 'existed in the condo-
minium buildings. The allega-
tions against the architect were
that he was guilty of negligence
and that he was liable under
Section 553.84, Florida Sta-
tutes (1979). That section pro-
vides a civil cause of action to
anyone damaged as a result of a
violation of an approved build-
ing code. Unfortunately, this is
still an all too familiar story.
After several years of what
the courts call "discovery" (the
gathering of facts through a
litigation process of admis-
sions, affidavits, interrogato-
ries, and depositions), the suit
was scheduled for trial in July
of 1989. However, prior to the
trial, the plaintiff condomini-
um association accepted settle-
ments from the engineer, the
general contractor, and several
of the subcontractors. One sub-
contractor was dismissed from
the case on a summary judg-
ment, and the developer had a
judgment entered against it by
default. The architect then pro-
ceeded to a jury trial as the sole
At trial, the condominium
association claimed that the
architect was responsible for
defective design and construc-
tion of roofing, stucco, ceiling
slabs and fire exits. The trial
court allowed the jury to con-
sider expert testimony as to the
proper interpretation of the
building code. To support its
allegations against the archi-
tect, the association presented
the testimony of a structural
engineer. He testified that,
under his interpretation, one
unenclosed exit did not comply
with the Standard Building
Code. The architect testified in

his own defense that, in his
professional opinion, the fire
exit design met the require-
ments of the code, and also pre-
sented supporting testimony
from two other experts. Both
the Chief Code Enforcement
Officer for the City of Longboat
Key, who had approved the
plans, and the engineer respon-
sible for code interpretation
from 1976 to 1984 at the South-
ern Building Code Congress,
who had assisted in drafting
the code, agreed with the archi-
tect's opinion that the fire exit
design was appropriate under
the code.
Now the story gets worse.
Despite such weighty evidence
in favor of the architect, the
jury returned a verdict finding
that the architect was liable for
defective fire exit design based
upon a violation of the building
code. The jury did find him not
guilty of negligence of building
code violations for the roof,
stucco, and ceiling slabs. Thus,
the architect was held liable for
the costs of adding a second
exit to all of the upper floor con-
dominium units. Obviously, the
jury's verdict was not a happy
ending for the architect.
However, the architect
appealed the judgment against
him and the court of appeals
decided that the trial court had
made two critical errors. First,
the interpretation of a statute
must be performed by the judge
rather than the jury. Therefore,
the trial court should not have
allowed any expert testimony
on the interpretation of the
code to have been presented to
the jury. Secondly, the trial
judge should have accepted the
city's interpretation of the code
and should have granted a
judgment in favor of the archi-
tect. Under this analysis, the
appellate court decided that the
architect should have won at
trial and reversed the trial
court's judgment against him.
In the end, the architect, and

presumably justice, prevailed.
This case has great signifi-
cance for architects throughout
Florida. This decision by the
Second District Court of Ap-
peals is binding precedent for
trial courts in the following
counties: Charlotte, Collier, De-
Soto, Glades, Hardee, Hendry,
Highlands, Hillsborough, Lee,
Manatee, Pasco, Pinellas, Polk
and Sarasota. Additionally,
trial courts in other counties as
well as the other four District
Courts of Appeal have a ten-
dency to follow such decisions
in cases with substantially
similar factual circumstances.
Thus, Florida architects now
have the support of an appel-
late court in relying upon a
building official's approval of
their design as being in compli-
ance with a local code. A word
of caution, however, is appro-
priate here. The court observed
that, in the Seibert case, the
official had interpreted the code
in a "permissable way" which
was not "clearly erroneous."
Therefore, architects are well
advised not to rely on obvious
mistakes or omissions by plan
examiners which may lead to
clear violations of applicable
building codes. Although the
architect prevailed in this case,
the constant exercise of due
care will best assure your own
happy endings.

David Tegeler is an attorney
with the Orlando firm of Bull
and Haggard, PA. His practice
is concentrated in commercial
and construction litigation,
including the. defense of design
professionals. He is also a mem-
ber of the Mid-Florida Chapter
of the AIA and previously prac-
ticed architecture for more than
ten years.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

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FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991



Architects Slattery & Root,
Boca Raton, FL

4 n order for our client to
I visualize the drama of the
front entry feature, we had Vat-
hauer Studio create a quick
Black and White rendering.
This vignette enabled our client
to give us the go ahead and the
fast turn around time allowed
us to continue our design with-
out interruption."
44W hen the success of Carls
TI Furniture prompted a
new Showroom and Corporate
headquarters they decided on
an exciting fresh look for their
building. Tb introduce their
new design we chose Vathauer
Studios dynamic Full Color
Gouache rendering technique
for its photographic realism."

BROWARD (305) 523-1312 / DADE (305) 949-8700 / WEST PALM (407) 833-0266 / FAX (305) 764-1395

The 1991 Unbuilt Design Awards program produced more than 100 entries
which were reviewed in Winter Haven by a distinguished jury which included Dwight Holmes, FAIA, and Gene Leedy, AIA.
Bob Currie, AIA, represented the Design Awards Committee in assisting the jury.
Represented here are the nine projects which the jury premeated.

Seaside Residential and Commercial Building

seaside. Florida

Machado and Silvetti
Associates, Inc.
Boston, Massachusetts,
in association with
Destin Architectural Group
Destin, Florida

Given the obvious public na-
ture of the site, this building
aspires to combine the more
typically vernacular elements
of this part of Florida into an
appropriate civic expression.
The architects labored to pro-
duce a memorable, strong,
unique and seductive image
that is specifically suited to the
site, yet drawn from many
Within this general, image-
oriented approach, two images
are particularly important -
the facade and the patio. The
facade has the predictably large
scale needed to contribute to
the making of the Town Square
in Seaside. Its azure columns
and abstracted plane of green
shutters perform a civic role.
The patio, on the other hand, is
a surprising set-piece found
upon arrival at the third floor.
It is emphatically figural, an
open-air room of unexpected
character and color. The patio
is the center of the communal
domestic life of the building
and it gives access to all the
individual units, as well as to
the garden terrace which quiet-
ly overlooks the town and the
sea to the west.

_. -

1 ir ,,

V ,- ..

Thirdfloorplan, arcade and photo of model (bTwn Square
facade) courtesy of the architect.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

Seaside; Florida



Swisher Residence

Vaca Key, Florida

Charles Harrison Pawley, FAIA
Coral Gables, Florida

The client is a scientist and
horticulturist who plans to do
his studies as well as support
himself with indigenous plants
that he would propagate him-
self. He wanted a house that
would function independently
of all standard energy sources.
In essence, he wanted the
architect to consider that he
lived on an island and had to
have all necessary life support
systems designed within the
framework of his project.
The site is in the Florida
Keys with dense, natural
growth that rises to 15-20-foot
heights. At the water's edge,
the growth thins out and the
property has a gentle, natural
slope out to the Atlantic Ocean.
The architect installed a
paddle whebl with a reversible
clutch that would rotate as the
tide came in and then reverse
the rotation when the tide is
going out. This movement
would drive a generator for
electricity and send it to stor-
age batteries the source of all
electrical power for the house.

The roofs will collect water
and send it down into a filtered
cistern and then the water will
be pumped to a tank'by a wind-
mill on the highest level of the
house. This water is for toilets,
watering plants, etc. Well water
would be the potable water. A
solar heater with panels on one
of the middle roofs on the south
side will heat water. The house
has no air-conditioning, but is
built to take advantage of cross
ventilation and prevailing
In addition to the cluster of
14" pre-cast concrete piles
driven into bedrock, the struc-
ture has a 12" thick reinforced
slab. All metal parts are stain-
less steel, including guy wires,
anchors, anchor bolts, turn-
buckles, split rings and plates.
Guy wires are added to stabi-
lize this tower structure to the

First floor plan and photo ofmodel
courtesy of the architect.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

Worrell Enterprises Corporate Headquarters Deerfield Beach, Florida

Donald Singer Architect, PA
Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

The small oddly proportioned
site for this project is bordered
on all sides by a variety of
transportation modes ... high-
ways, railroad, waterway. High-
way access is mandatory, water
access is an amenity and rail-
road access is necessary for the -
accommodation of the clients'
vintage pullman car, which is to
be featured in the project and
used for meetings, parties and "
occasional guests. These con-
straints served to generate,
rather than hinder, design.
The pullman car and its
access to the site was a signifi- ALLERY PLAZA
cant basis for design. The angle
at which the car enters the site
generated the angle of building O
placement and the height of the LRAOR
railroad grade dictated the RECEPT STORAGEAULT
height of the plaza. Once this M ALOM
angle was established, a grid M __
was created reflective of the PLANTER
program of the corporate staff. LUHRO
Each 25, 5, 25 module is articu- COURTYARD
lated vertically, resulting in a
series of vertical elements, o
rather than a single horizontal PLAZA
one. ET
The special configuration of ___- ENTRY
the sloped roofs offer hierarchy TRAIN SHED
to the upper level spaces, as CHILLER/VENT
well as additional north light. I I i I 7 I
The corporate level offices also
have access to the roof terrace
over the gallery space.

Site plan, firstfloor plan and elevation courtesy of the architect.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991


Unitarian Universalist Church

Fort Myers, Florida

Barany Schmitt Weaver &
Partners, Inc.
Fort Myers, Florida

Consulting Engineer
Anchor Engineering
Fort Myers, Florida

The design concept for this
project was developed for a con-
temporary non-traditional
church which has its architec-
tural roots in the early New
England meeting houses. The
proposed building forms are
modern day interpretations of
the crisp geometric forms found
in these early meeting houses.
A rather limited budget forces
this modem interpretation to
be executed in simple, yet ele-
gant, indigenous materials
including white stucco and
white standing seam metal
Major design considerations
include emphasis on the meet-
ing house/worship space as a
multi-use auditorium with a
sloped floor and the exterior
memorial garden/courtyard as
the symbolic and functional cen-
ter of the church community.
The proposed building com-
plex will have a sculptural qual-
ity when constructed among the
numerous pine trees on the site.
It turns its back to the road and
encircles the memorial garden/
courtyard creating a sense of
presence with a tall slender
belltower-like form. The tower
is carefully located to allow sun-
light to filter into the meeting
house through clear prismatic
glass, creating an ever-changing
rainbow of colors.

Rendering, site plan and elevation
courtesy of the architect.

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FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991


Inlet House

William Morgan Architects, P.A.
Jacksonville, Florida

Consulting Engineer
Bill Simpson, P.E.

Inlet House, a 2400-square-
foot, three-story residence was
required by the owner to have a
two-car garage with shop and
storage area, two guest bed-
rooms with baths, a master
suite, living and dining rooms
and kitchen opening onto a
porch facing the north.
The owner wanted north
views for the major rooms,
through-ventilation of all
spaces, maximum tree preser-
vation, elevation of the main
living areas above the eye level
of boaters in the nearby inlet,
protection of ventilating win-
dows from sudden summer
showers, high energy efficiency,
economical construction and
straight-forward design.
This list of imperatives pro-
duced a symmetrically-
designed house on a site which
measures 100 feet along the
inlet. The lower floor will be a
slab on grade while upper floors
are plywood on fabricated tim-
ber joists. The roof is metal on
insulated sheathing and there
is an exposed wood joist ceiling.
Third floor concrete beams are
cantilevered from bearing
masonry towers for structural
continuity, hurricane resistance
and construction economy.

Elevation and second floor plan
courtesy of the architect.

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FLORIDAARCHITECT September/October 1991

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Beach/Bay Observation Suite

Casey Kev Florida

Carl Abbott Architect FAIA PA
Sarasota, Florida

Project Team:
Carl Abbott, FAIA, Mark
Smith, AIA, Chris Kuenzel,
Eric Linstrom

This project will be con-
structed as an adjunct to a
1950's classic residence de-
signed by Paul Rudolph. Run-
ning from beach to bay, the site
is 1,000 feet long and 200 feet
wide. The new project is lo-
cated behind and is visually
separate from the existing
From the different levels of
the observation suite dramatic
views are open to the Gulf of
Mexico to the west and to the
bay on the east and south. The
suite's interior space is flexible
and will function as an office,
guest quarters, etc.
The floor level of the large
existing residence is built low
as a slab on grade, whereas the
first floor of the new observa-
tion suite, governed by new
coastal codes, will be built at 13
feet above grade.
The roof forms of the new
structure are designed to re-
flect the flowing character of
the existing residence. In both
structures, a modular column
system creates a linear rhythm.
The poured in place structural
concrete service core visually
anchors the new building to the
earth and also acts as a privacy
wall and as a winter wind

Elevation, axonometric and site plan courtesy of
the architect.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

Manhattan Primary School New York City, New York

Frank A. Visconti, II, AIA
Naples, Florida

The site of this school is one '.
block from Central Park and j .
across the corner from the ,
Museum of Natural History. /
The school is situated and
designed to "keep children in
love with their city."

where the most honorific and
busy spaces are stacked on top .
of one another in section.
Stacking the gymnasium, L *&a.
auditorium and courtyard
spaces enabled an investigation I ,
into how sectional adjacencies
affect the use and meaning of
space. The vertical connection J
of these stacked spaces occurs
with a "twin ramp" system
(double helix type) that ascends
and descends students from
their classrooms to the library,
study halls, dining room and 5_
back to the street. Of course, -
elevators are provided, as well.
An underground gymnasium
derived from memories of sub-
way spaces, an auditorium with
the feeling of Radio City Music
Hall and an outdoor courtyard ".' -"
flanked by classroom facades
are all derived from urban Front elevation, redering of gymnasium courtesy of the architect.
spaces found in New York City .
and organized and connected
by a vertical method which is -
also characteristic of the urban -
experience. - -

FLORIDA ARCrITEc'r September/ctober l991


Maso Residence Winter Park, Florida

Hunton Brady Pryor Maso
Architects, P.A.
Orlando, Florida

The program for this project
requires a 2,800-square-foot -
house for a family of four on a
narrow lot. The topography of
the site gradually slopes up-
ward to the east, or rear. A lake
is located 500 feet to the west
and would be visible from the I
second level of the house.
The solution addresses the
somewhat typical problem of a
house on a narrow lot. The -
garage is placed in front of the --- -
house orthogonal to the road, a- s -. I I T
while the main structure is 'T .i
placed parallel to the north
property line. This creates a ___ __
rotation that emphasizes the
entrance and maintains a per-
pendicular alignment of the
driveway and street.
A wall defines the main cir-
culation zone outside and with-
in the "shotgun" plan. The wall
begins at the entrance, aligned
with an existing oak tree, bi-
secting the house and finally
curving inward to create the
pool enclosure at the east end. +
Public areas are located on 0 C 7?
the ground floor and private
areas on the second floor. An
open terrace connects the house
and the study/guest area at the
second level. Both the study
and the terrace have a view of
the lake to the west.
The language used consists
of "bookend" masses made up of
support, storage, overhangs,
and circulation spaces. Usable
spaces are expressed by trans-
parent gabled elements that
appear to have been inserted
between solid masses. Materi-
als used are masonry walls -----
with stucco finish, terne metal
roof, glass block and steel win- First floor plan, south elevation and axonometric courtesy of the architect.
dows and doors.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

Entrance Addition Tb Castello Mackenzie-Wolfson Genoa, Italy

Mark Hampton, FAIA
Coconut Grove, Florida I

Associate Architect
William Kearns, AIA'
Miami Beach, Florida

Consulting Engineer
Fiat Engineering
Torino, Italy

Novecento Corp.

This project involves an -
underground addition to an i
existing castle/museum with a
program consisting of adding a
primary entry to the museum, Plan at one level below grade and elevation courtesy of the architect.
a ticket counter, coat check
room, cafe, bookstore, auditori-
um and loading dock and re-
ceiving area.
The impact of the addition on
the existing building is mini-
mized by locating the public
access underground. It is
entered through an entrance
court which is at the same level
as the present grade and along
an ancient wall.
The museum visitors are fun-
neled in through a sky-lit re-
volving door onto a connecting
bridge which overlooks the
museum store and cafe. The
cafe opens onto an existing InU rtuiruLu'u'uMt W
grotto/courtyard which is part
of the original castle. The
bridge connects the entry with
the ticket/coat check counter
and with the lower areas of the ,
castle.: (i
The lower two floors of the .
addition contain the mechani- 1 ....
cal, storage, receiving, and '
-loading dock functions thus cre- ":
ating a complete separation of
public and service entrances, 5, i ', ,- _.
which was a primary program- ,'
matic requirement.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

The Fortress Tamed

Florida Department of
Law Enforcement
Tallahassee, Florida

Architect: Johnson/Peterson
Architects, Tallahassee, in
association with KBJ
Architects, Jacksonville
Consulting Engineers:
Evans and Hammond Consult-
ing Engineers, mechanical'elec-
trical; Lobuono, Armstrong &
Associates, structural
Security Consultant: CSA
Systems Design, Inc.
Landscape Architect: Post,
Buckley, Schuh & Jernigan,
Contractor: Harbert Interna-
Owner: State of Florida,
Department of General

At a time when crime is one
Lofthe most pressing issues
in the state, the Florida Depart-
ment of Law Enforcement
(FDLE) wanted a building that
symbolized its open and cooper-
ative approach toward law en-
forcement. They wanted some-
thing inviting, campus-like and
otherwise the obverse of the
cold institutional look of the
previous "us-versus-them/rough
play" era.
The safest solution would
have been to avoid any image
that would connote the politi-
cally out of fashion "big stick"
approach to law enforcement,
and move easily toward some-
thing like the educational
building or the office park
But, apparently. Johnson/
Peterson Architects are not
about playing it safe or easy.
What they have managed is
an ingenious reinterpretation of
a traditionally martial and op-
pressive building type the

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

fortress. But, here bastions
have been split open and topped
with relaxed hipped roofs;
cyclopean massings have been
warmed and softened by detail,
color and depth; plazas (court-
yards) now parade sculpture
and are marshalled by cen-
turies-old oak trees; the ravelin
has been withdrawn and
domed; bridges are fixed; moats
are grassed; machicolations
emit not hot oil, but reflections
of the surrounding landscape;
and, counterscarpes have been
hung with still more sculpture.
The fortress has been tamed.
Its power now lies in its subtle-
ness and in the fact that it is no
longer the antithesis of the out-
wardly warm and personable
form. It has been transformed
and swords have been beaten
into plowshares.
The cleverness of this build-
ing does not end with its con-
ceptual stance, however. For
the use of the fortress form has
some very practical conse-
quences as well.
In plan, the facility is com-
posed of three square donuts -
"quads" that are lined up, dia-
mond-like, and interconnect at
their points rather than over-
lapping as figure eights. At
these intersections there are
vertical circulation and service
cores made up of rest rooms,
lounge and conference spaces,
and mechanical space. Each
quad has a courtyard, a practi-
cal device that allows natural
light into the interior offices
and circulation corridors and
otherwise offers a visual or
physical place to break to with-
in the secure envelope.
Functionally, the building is-
divided into two main regions
corresponding to the two domi-
nant outer quads. One houses
mainly criminal investigation
and forensic labs while the

Photo, opposite page. Quad Cfrom employee parking area. Photo by Randy Lovoy. This page, top: Quad C and
below, public enry from south. Photos by Stephen C. Traves.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

outer quad houses the law en-
forcement data center, the
crime information bureau, the
educational/training component
and other administrative
offices. The lower scale middle
quad appropriately contains
the public entry rotunda and
exhibition area at one facet of
the square and the commission-
er's office at the other, both of
which are expressed, to varying
degrees, at the exterior.
Pulling the building into a
hill yielded a pedestrian-scaled
one- and two-story public entry
elevation on the high side, and
a four-story elevation with at-
grade garage parking on the
low side. The massiveness of
the 300,000-square-foot struc-
ture was de-emphasized by its
saw-tooth plan and diagonal
approaches and circulation
All of this, the careful inte-
gration of the building to the
site, the functional zoning and
the use of the simple and effi-
cient donut form as a means of
accommodating a very complex
program, makes for a very
coherent and satisfying archi-
tectural experience, and indeed,
an atypical state office building.
But, most important, the com-
missioner and employees have
expressed great satisfaction
with the workability, comfort
and image of their new head-
quarters a testimonial sel-
dom uttered in the private sec-.
tor and truly astonishing in the
governmental one.
At last, it should be remarked
that the architects have won-
derfully woven together a
cream colored precast stone
and a deep violet oversized
brick to form a rich and expres-
sive elevation. Both materials
respond well to the lush sur-
rounding flora and compliment
one another while modulating

This page, top: Upper level of entry
rotunda. Photo by Stephen C.
Traves. Photo, below left, lower
level entry rotunda. Photo by Randy

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991 2

and remodeled administrative
offices. Plans also included an
administrative office addition
to the existing building.
Schwab, Twitty & Hanser
was sensitive to the client man-
dates that the additions be fully
compatible with the initial de-
sign to avoid the appearance of
it being an afterthought, and
that additions not compete with
the sanctuary which features a
300-foot steeple. The additions
effectively wrap around the
original sanctuary maintaining
it as the most prominent archi-
tectural feature while providing
an effective transition down to
the street.
The design concept which the
church administrators endorsed
was one calling for the tall sanc-
tuary steeple to be supplement-
ed by two shorter steeples with
crosses, one on the new chapel
and one on the fellowship hall -
symbolic of the three crosses at
Calvary. The simple, unclut-
tered design of the main steeple
is recalled in the new ones,
which also incorporate the
same stained glass pattern.
The stucco clad walls of the
church are painted white and
the roof is pre-finished stand-
ing seam metal. STH reused
the decorative precast forms
designed by Harold Wagner,
AIA, which were originally
used on the facade. Wagner,
now deceased, was a prominent
church designer and for Coral
Ridge he created a tan filigree
block to contrast with the white
walls. This decorative grille-
work, used on the fascia of
walkways and on the two new
wings, is the common element
which ties the original sanctu-
ary and the new buildings
The fellowship hall has 22-
foot-high movable, operable
partitions enabling it to be sub-
divided to accommodate differ-

ent groups simultaneously for
meetings and functions. Each
space is acoustically isolated
and each area is individually
accessible. The hall serves as a
dining facility and can seat
1,000 for large banquets. It is
also used by the day school and
one half of the room has athlet-
ic carpet designed for indoor
The fellowship hall is entered
through a pyramid-ceilinged
center which serves as a focal
point for welcoming visitors to
the church as well as a lobby
for the hall.
In order to keep the church
operational during construc-
tion, phasing of the work and
programming were handled
with great care. It took 18
months to complete the $10
million project. Patty Doyle

The author is a writer living
in Ft. Lauderdale with a special
interest in architecture.

Photo of sanctuary interior by Tom Knibbs. Site plan courtesy of the architect.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

A Heavenly Renovation

Coral Ridge
Presbyterian Church
Renovation and
Ft. Lauderdale,

Architect: Schwab, Twitty &
Hanser Architectural Group,
West Palm Beach, Florida
Design Architect: William A:
Hanser. AIA
Consulting Engineers:
Darby & Way civil, site, sani-
tary; H.A. Luten & Associates -
structural; Henz Engineering -
mechanical, electrical: Joiner-
Rose Group. Inc. acoustics
Landscape Architect: Darby
& Way
Interior Design: STH Interi-
ors Group
Owner/Developer: Coral
Ridge Presbyterian Church
General Contractor: Rooney
Enterprises, Inc.

C ompatibility and flexibility
were the by-words for the
design of the additions and ren-
ovations to this large church in
Ft. Lauderdale. The challenge
to the architects was to triple
the usable space while honor-
ing the original architecture
(the church was built in 1973).
In addition, count ruction had to
be phased to permit the ongo-
ing operation of the church
which serves a congregation of
about 7,800 and has a national
television and radio ministry.
Comprising 80,000 square
feet, the additions include two
new wings and incorporate a Photo, top, of newly renovated and
chapel, library, classroom build- enlarged church by Roy Crogan.
ing and nursery/day school; a Above, left, sanctuary as it
23,000-square-foot fellowship appeared before enlargement, and
hall with a stage and rehearsal right, new interior of sanctuary.
area; a kitchen, parlor and pri- Photo by 'Ibm Knibbs.
vate dining room; a youth activ-
ities facility; a television pro-
duction studio and renovated

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

Charles Gwathmey in Jacksonville

Shen Charles Gwathmey
arrived in Jacksonville on
June 3, there were 54 design
awards project submittals wait-
ing for him. Gwathmey, a part-
ner in the New York architec-
ture firm of Gwathmey Siegel,
and one of the original "Five
Architects" spotlighted in the
1975 book by the same name,
had been invited by the Jack-
sonville Chapter of the AIA toa
serve as the 1991 Design
Awards juror and to give a pre-
sentation of his firm's work at
the June AIA meeting. Gwath-
mey spent an afternoon review-
ing the submittals, commenting
that they were "the strongest
work I've seen in my last four
years as a juror."
The picture of Gwathmey
that emerged from his visit was
one of a direct, no-nonsense
man ofgreat energy and deter-
mination, who also showed
(with a few notable exceptions)
an unexpected open-minded-
ness to design approaches other
than his own. Having spent the
last 25 years teaching at Pratt
Institute, Princeton, Harvard
and Yale, Gwathmey admits
that the experience has taught
him that there is "not just one
way to do things," and that he
tends to favor "anything rigor-
ous, with a point of view taken
to a resolution," over "merely
stylistic implications."
That attitude was reflected
in Gwathmey's choices for
awards, a list of which appears
with this article. While some
firms resolutely submitted
their more "Gwathmey-esque"
projects, only a handful of those
were the subject of serious
attention or comment. Several
of the awards went to projects
obviously more vernacular in
nature, receiving comments
like: "I could never do it, but
it's well done."

Gwathmey, a confirmed Cor-
busian Modernist who sees
architecture primarily as a
"problem solving process," has
found himself in the position of
having to modify his philosophy
as his firm's projects have
grown in size and complexity.
He once remarked that,
"Abstract modernism really
works best on a small scale. It
must be primary and graspable
at a single hit, a single image.
When it gets to be complex and
extended, it tends to get lost."
Perhaps in response to.the
Post -Modern movement and
renewed interest in historicism
and contextualism, for his pre-
sentation in Jacksonville,
Gwathmey chose as his theme
"Addition, Intervention, Infill."
In an attempt to demonstrate
that "paying attention to his-
tory does not necessarily have
to do with style, but with con-
tent," the projects of his own
that he showed addressed mat-
ters of scale and articulation
through the use of materials,
forms, textures and colors
rather than through the out-
right use of historical "doo-
dads." The projects ranged
from academic buildings to res-
idences to the mightily contro-
versial Guggenheim Museum
addition. Prefacing his re-
marks on the Guggenheim with
a clarification born out of frus-
trated confrontation ("I'm for
preservation, but I'm against
preservationists"), Gwathmey
painstakingly retraced the pro-
cess which led to a design solu-
tion he believes most closely
approximates what Frank
Lloyd Wright himself had in
mind for future additions to
this Modernist icon.
Openly disdainful of those he
refers to as Post-Modern "car-
toonists", such as Stern, Moore
and his former Modernist

cohort Michael Graves, Gwath-
mey presented his scheme for a
huge convention center adja-
cent to Disney's Contemporary
Hotel, protesting that "a Mod-
ern architect could never do a
'theme' hotel."
Some of his work has been
less successful than the rest in
achieving the desired "contextu-
al" fit: the addition to Harvard's
Georgian-style Fogg Museum,
for example, was simply
slammed into the back of the
building, and contained more
visual references to Corbu's
adjacent Carpenter Center than
to the Fogg itself. However,
Gwathmey's aim has never been
to design buildings that are
emotionally accessible, pleasur-
able or easily understandable.

To Charles Gwathmey, art
(including architecture) has
"an inherent obligation to pro-
voke, stimulate, expand percep-
tions and seek the essence of
Joanna Rodriguez

The author is a member of
the Jacksonville Chapter of the
AIA. Several of the quotes used
in her article came from a
lecture of Gwathmey's which
was reprinted in the April, 1989

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991


Awards for Excellence
in Architecture
Bruce Terrell Architects, Inc.
Clements /Rumpel /Goodwin
Architects and Planners, Inc.
KBJ Architects, Inc.
Arnold Prato, AIA
Ricardo E. Quinones, AIA

PQH Architects, Inc.
KBJArchitects, Inc.
Reynolds, Smith and Hills,
Reynolds, Smith and Hills,
Kenneth R. Smith, AIA

Alford Associates,
Architects, Inc.

Robert C. Broward, AIA


The Clubhouse at Jacksonville Golfand Country Club.

Airside 4: The new Delta Flight Center at the Orlando International Airport.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

A Supreme Building for Florida's High Court

Florida State Supreme
Court, Additions and
Tallahassee, Florida

Architect: Barnett + Fronczak
Tallahassee, Florida
Principal-in-Charge: Rick
Barnett, AIA
Project Manager: Connor
Ross, AIA
Consulting Engineers:
Ardaman & Associates, geo-
technical; Lobuono Armstrong
& Associates, structural; Peck
& Associates, Inc., mechanical,
plumbing, fire protection; Hines
Hartman & Associates, Inc.,
electrical; Post Buckley Schuh
& Jernigan, civil and site;
Tilden, Lobnitz & Cooper, Inc.,
communications and security;
Robert J. Laughlin, lighting
Landscape Architects: Post
Buckley Schuh & Jernigan
Contractor: Metric Construc-
tors, Inc.
Interior Design: Barnett +
Fronczak Architects
Owner: State of Florida,
Department of General

lhe Florida State Supreme
J Court building in Tallahas-
see was dedicated in 1948 and
designed by James Gamble
Rogers of Winter Park, in asso-
ciation with Pensacola archi-
tects Young and Hart.
Domed, pedimented and sym-
metrical, it is a sober, re-
strained example of twentieth
century classicism. The court
building is crowded by the
street on its east side, which is
also the main facade, reflecting
the smaller scale of the city
prior to World War II.
This 43-year-old building
now huddles in the shadow of
the Florida State Capitol com-
plex located directly east on

Photos of original east front, top,
and new west facade, below, by
Kathleen McKenzie.

axis. Dominated by a 22-story
office tower designed during
the 1970s by the office of
Edward Durrell Stone, the
capitol complex is scaled to the
horizon and designed to be seen
from a distance.
Resting in the capitol's
shadow is the east entrance to
the Supreme Court building,
the entry marked by a classical
portico carried on six columns.
It is altogether a fitting em-
blem of government architec-
ture as designed during the
first half of this century. The
domed vestibule of the entrance
bespeaks the ceremony and
seriousness of Florida's highest
court. All else is green marble,

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

white capitals and polished
It is precisely this sort of his-
torical detailing that Barnett +
Fronczak were charged with
preserving in this renovation
and addition project. Existing
doorways were saved, coffering
patterns in the ceilings pre-
served and worn surfaces refin-
ished, all in keeping with the
original appearance. On the
exterior of the addition, cornice
lines and elevations were
matched as closely as possible.
Even the original copper stand-
ing seam roof was duplicated
on the new construction.
The only significant change
on the exterior of the original
building took the form of a com-
plete repainting. The glaring
whitewash of a bygone era was
replaced with an appealing
neutral tan with white trim
and crimson accents. The new
color scheme links the new and
the old in one unified treat-
ment. Seams between the old
and new construction are ob-
scured by the effective place-
ment of four-story stairwells.
The project consisted of
extensive interior renovation
together with the addition of
54,000 square feet of new office
space. The original "T-shaped"
building was filled out along
the short arms to form a "dou-
ble donut" focused on twin
courtyards with twenty-four
secure parking spaces sub-
sumed on the sub-basement
level. The basement and sub-
basement of the existing struc-
ture were opened up with win-
dows to allow daylight to
illuminate these areas for the
first time. Finally, a second
floor was added to the long part
of the "T" to complete circula-
tion between the two new
wings and a new portico on the

Approximately 16,000 cubic
yards of earth were removed in
order to provide four full stories
above grade for the two wings.
Exactly fifty-two new window
openings were saw cut into the
old concrete walls of the exist-
ing building to allow daylight to
enter the exposed basement
and sub-basement.
The Florida Supreme Court
system now has a head-
quarters befitting its status in
state government. The new
facility includes a Justice Data
Center which provides instant
access to all on-going court
The newly renovated court
building was designed with the
original building in mind.
Architects Rick Barnett and
Dave Fronczak have renovated
a number of Tallahassee's most
important historic buildings
and they have consistently
managed to keep the original
architect's intentions clearly in
mind. The State Supreme
Court building is no exception.
Dr. Peter S. Kaufman

The author is an architec-
tural historian who was educat-
ed at Brown, Columbia and

'Ibp, newly renovated south elevation. Note how closely the addition at left
matches original section on right. Rotunda, below. Photos by Kathleen

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

It's time you heard about
How to Survive the 90's,
Sovirci the Suburbs,
Mzr.ctefin in h,- 90't and
BeyoCnd, Erneryino Marks. 'Ir

October 3-6, 19 91
Fontaiuo.nebleau Hilton Resort & Spalii
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October 3-6, 1991
Fontainebleau Hilton Resort & Spa
Miami Beach, Florida

For registration information
contact Melody Gordon,
FA/AIA Meeting Planner
(904) 222-7590

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991


siCAU e YO rdsin a a lo t.)L YO

9 V E
155PN AE UT 0



AIA Members Save Money
On AIA Documents.
Order Today.

Florida Association/
American Institute of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street
P.O. Box 10388
Tallahassee, Florida 32302
FAX: (904)- 224-8048 (credit card only)
Tel: (904) 222-7590


Randall I. Atlas, Ph.D., AIA, CPP
600 NE 36th St., Suite 1522
Miami, Florida 33137
(305) 576-6029
FAX (305) 576-1390

Circle 19 on Reader Inquiry Card

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

Preferred Stock
Coralais" Faucets. So many attractive choices. So competitively priced.
And carrying the Kohler' name. All which makes the Coralais faucet by Kohler
such a preferred line. Choose from single or two-handle controls. Custom-look
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going for it, why stock anything else?


See your plumbing contractor, Kohler distributor or write:
Kohler Co., Dept. CCC, Kohler, WI53044. 0 1990by KohlerCo.


SINCE 1974


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Circle 24 on Reader Inquiry Card

You can stake your reputation on
Garaventa quality and experience.

No other company can match Garaventa's
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Circle 15 on Reader Inquiry Card



You've built a great reputation because
you have always insisted on specifying and
using only the best materials.
When you specify Pooltite and Kooldeck
you know your pool installation will be
completed with the finest materials. And
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Circle 26 on Reader Inquiry Card

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

HAu~--A N I T


Metal Roofing and
Wall Panels from

New "Verti-Line" metal
roofing and wall panels from
N.A.T. Industries combine the
economy and installation ease
of exposed fastener panels with
the superior look of concealed
fastener systems. Featuring
90-degree-angle ribs, the panels
have clean lines which can be
varied to the desired dimen-
sions, enabling the designer to
put relief or shadow lines in al-
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Applications for Verti-Line
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MDS Introduces
for Architects

Mac Design Solutions (MDS)
has introduced "Computecture",
a computer system that will
provide you with information
that combines hardware, soft-
ware and customized training
to meet the needs of the archi-
tectural market.
MDS describes "Computec-
ture" as "a unique and compre-
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company invites its clients to
draw on the professional experi-
ence of the practicing designers
with whom they have a direct
line "it's like having an archi-
tect with 25 years of CADD
experience at your disposal."
"Computecture" has several
buying plans set up among
major hardware manufacturers

and software developers. This,
according to MDS, enables you
to acquire exactly the equip-
ment and software you need for
about 40% less than you'd pay
retail dealers.
For additional information,
contact: Scott Macdonald at
Mac Design Solutions, 931 Vil-
lage Blvd., Suite 907-169, West
Palm Beach, FL 33409 or call
(407) 863-4787 or FAX (407)

A Promising
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Chemical Pollution

Central to controlling the
chemical pollution of the heat-
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buildings, convention centers
and all large structures, will be

the finding of alternative meth-
ods of pollution control.
AQUA-FLO, INC. in Balti-
more has made a complete
cooling tower water treatment
plant without using chemicals
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A skid-mounted, fully auto-
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treatment system for chilled
water systems is, according to
some large facilities operators,
now the preferred method of
The system AQUA-FLO has
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oxygen already in the air. This
kills the bacteria, viruses and
algae, and then a mechanical

device polarizes the minerals
which generally tend to form
scale on the tower itself and
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For information, contact:
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FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

Use of Stone in Design

In recent years there has been
a resurgence of interest in the
use of plaster and stone veneers
in public and private buildings.
Builders, contractors, architects
and interior designers are speci-
fying greater use of stone facings
in order to attain the, quality,
image, and beauty that can only
be achieved with stone. Tbday,
stone is being sliced and carved
for facades of new buildings, and
is being used extensively for both
interior and exterior detail. The
major deterrents to even greater
use remain the cost of the stone,
availability of moldings and dec-
orative trim pieces, and the ex-
pense of transportation and in-
stallation. These factors have
created a growing demand for
lighter weight, easier to install,
stone wall veneer systems and
ornamental trim pieces.
FiberStone'Quarries utilizes a
molding system which allows for
the most detailed replication of
sedimentary stone surfaces. It
is in the molding system that the
successful creation of realistic
synthetic stoie begins. Without
a reliance on strong artistic in-
put, FiberStone products would
not have the correct visual im-
pact that is such a necessary part
of the successful design of a syn-
thetic product.
Some features of FiberStone's
molded stone are the cost of the
veneers, the ability to provide
matching moldings and trim pieces
with both relief and design at a
reasonable cost, custom color-
ing, and much lower installation
FiberStone is an easy product
to install and does not require
the services of a stone cutter or
mason. Since the stone panels
are veneers, no expensive back-
droppings are required to sup-
port the faces as would be true
with heavy stone installations.
Molded stone products can be in-
stalled on virtually any wall and
require no special surface prepa-
ration. Products are installed by
finish carpenters utilizing com-
mon carpentry tools. There is no

need for wet saws and other spe-
cialty masons tools.
The FiberStone interior molded
stone products are nonstructural
in nature, but when applied to
existing substrata it makes an
extremely durable surface. The
products are tested and are rated
as having a flame spread index
of zero and smoke classification
of five. The fireproof nature of
this product has made it very
appealing for use in public spaces.
The product is composed of or-

ganic materials and does not
harm the environment or instal-
lers during its manufacturing or
installation process. Products
are core colored with natural
dyes so as to minimize the appear-
ance of any nicks or dents which
may occur with time. A dirt re-
sistant coating is applied to the
surface of the product as a pro-
tective barrier.
Since recycled materials are
used in the product formula, with
excellent results, Fiberstone

See us at the 1991 AIA Florida Products Trade Show / Booth #13

Quarries is now in a position to
produce decorative building ma-
terials for clients who wish to up-
grade or decorate office or lobby
space with innovative construc-
tion products. A large manufac-
turer of fibrous product could
see materials from their own
waste stream returned to them
in this creative and decorative
For information, contact Fiber-
stone Quarries, Inc., in Quincy,
Florida at 1-800-621-0565.

Circle 9 on Reader Inquiry Card

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

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Take a look at the features our plans have to offer:
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Can complement existing Qualified Retirement Plans
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See us at the 1991 AIA Florida Prnrldte Trada QRhu I/ Pnth ""1


for that natural look.

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1414 N.W. 3rd Avenue / Florida City, FL 33034
(305) 245-4716
Circle 13 on Reader Inquiry Card

38 FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

Our Copyright
Makes Your Copy
Wrong... And Illegal

Making copies of blank AIA Documents is a good way
to get into trouble. Besides, it's wrong and illegal. The
AIA Documents are updated periodically to reflect the
interests of everyone in the construction industry.
Copying AIA Documents violates copyright law and
increases your liability for damages and misunder-
standings if an outdated version is used. We have the
current AIA Documents in stock; .,- FULL
order your supply today. It's R' SERVICE
the best way to keep ISTRIBUTOR
your copies right...
and our copyright.
Florida Association/
American Institute
of Architects
104 East fefferson Street
P.O. Box 10388
Tallahassee, Florida 32302
FAX: (904) 224-8048 (creditcardonly)
Tel: (904) 222-7590

AIA Documents . the foundation for building agreements. 1989, A

1-407-848-1076 OR FAX 1-407-848-1944

Time enhances the beauty of clay roof tile.
Our Antique Weathered Reds and Blacks
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CLAY TILE is maintenance free,
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Tapered barrel and shingle roof tile
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Circle 2 on Reader Inquiry Card



Accessibility Requirements Manual:

Toilet Stalls and Rooms, Acceptable Alternatives
by Thomas R. Nicholson

W ith implementation of
Chapter 89-97, Florida
Law, on January 1, 1990, many
changes have occurred with
respect to what is legally re-
quired to comply with handicap
accessibility requirements in
the State of Florida. Among
those is a vastly changed mini-
mum requirement for an acces-
sible toilet stall/toilet room
(defined in the law as "a single-
station sanitary facility having
at least one water closet").
The new statutory language
describing an accessible toilet
stall is very prescriptive as to
the minimum requirements.
Subsection 553.48 (4) (k),
Florida Statutes, states, in
relevant part:
"Required restrooms and
toilet rooms shall comply
with the following require-
ments: ...The accessible
toilet stall shall be at least
68 inches by 68 inches and
contain an accessible lava-
tory within it. The accessible
water closet shall be located
in the corner diagonal to the
stall door. The stall door
shall be located in the wall
adjacent to the accessible
lavatory, as far from the
lavatory as possible. The
accessible stall door shall
swing out and shall be at
least 32 inches wide and
shall be of the self-closing
This description resulted in
what is depicted as Figure 53
in the Accessibility Require-
ments Manual (ARM), which is
identified in this article as
Figure 53 (A). This figure is one
of two alternatives which were
considered by the Florida
Board of Building Codes and
Standards on November 28,
1989, as representing this
description (the other showed
the door 90 degrees around the
corner). The Board was unan-
imous in its decision that only
this figure be used in the ARM
as complying with the law.

This resulted in having only
one configuration, or its mirror-
image, as acceptable for handi-
cap accessible toilet stall or
toilet room. Obviously, the lack
of viable alternative methods of
complying with the require-
ment presented many difficul-
ties. Not only were designs
required to meet new and dif-
ferent size and layout stan-
dards, but there was a restric-
,tion as to the location of the
The members of the Codes
and Standards Section staff at
the Department of Community
Affairs were aware of the word-
ing of the statute, and the re-
sulting design limitations and
legal compliance. A solution
was derived by maintaining the
minimum requirements, and
providing compensation (i.e., a
counterbalance for adjustments
made to the configuration
described and illustrated in the
A statement from the refer-
enced portion of ANSI A117.1-
1986, which appears in the
Toilet Rooms, Bathrooms, Bath-
ing Facilities, and Shower
Rooms section of the ARM
(page 52), allows doors to
"swing into the clear floor space
required for any fixture only in
a toilet...for individual use that
provides sufficient maneuver-
ing space within the room for a
person using a wheelchair to
enter and close the door, use
the fixtures, reopen the door,
and exit." Based on this state-
ment, the first opinion allowing
some variation of the toilet
stall/toilet room configuration
was issued.
This opinion states that it is
permissible to swing the door
into the toilet room, provided
there is sufficient maneuvering
space within the room for a
person using a wheelchair to
enter and close the door, use

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991

Fig. 53-A

Fig. 53-B

Fig. 53-C

the fixtures, reopen the door,
and exit. This, in effect, means
the inclusion, within the toilet
room/toilet stall of a five foot
turning diameter, a 52"by 72"
turning rectangle, or a T-
shaped turning area as de-
scribed in the ARM. ( See
figure 53(B) ).
The door may encroach into
the turnaround space if enough
room is provided to allow such
turnaround. The turnaround
may include space under the
wall-hung fixtures. A word of
caution here, the space under a
water closet should be no more
than two inches; at best, this
may be usable as toe space. The
Board, at it May 15, 1990
meeting, substantially affirmed
this staff opinion.
A second staff opinion states
that it is permissible to move
the door to the wall opposite
the fixtures. Again, one of the
turning configurations must be
used to follow this modification.
In addition, the door must
remain to the lavatory side of
that wall; this is to maximize
maneuvering to the water
closet. (See Figure 53 (C) ).
It should be mentioned that
the terms toilet room and
toilet stall are considered
interchangeable, and that in
all cases the lavatory must be
reachable from the water

The author is a Community
Assistance Consultant with the
Department of Community
Affairs, Codes and Standards
Section. Codes and Standards
may be contacted at 2740
Centerview Drive, Tallahassee,
Florida 32399-2100 or at (904)

Circle 22 on Reader Inquiry Card

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1991



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