Title: Florida architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00288
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Series Title: Florida architect.
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: May-June 1991
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073793
Volume ID: VID00288
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Full Text

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Where There's Smoke ... 10
The state's new Fire a;d Arson Lab is a state-of-the-art
facility designed by Elliot and Marshall, P.A.

A Therapeutic Light-Filled Space 12
The Sid Martin Bridge House has a "residential"
quality which architect Lewis Brown hopes will
enhance its effectiveness as a counseling center.

MuY/jIum, M9 Charles Harrison Pawley, FAIA:
va. 3a, No. 3 Architecture for Soft Breezes 14
This profile by Herb Hiller describes the design
philosophy ofSouth Florida architect Pawley and how
that philosophy has made him a hero in Miami's
Haitian community.

A Tampa Eatery With A Warehouse Aesthetic 18
Rick Rowe's design for the Loading Dock in Tampa
was inspired by Ybor City warehouses.

Shaping (literally) UM's Architecture School 23
Balwdin Sackman Carrington prepared all the
construction documents for Aldo Rossi's new tower
at the University of Miami's School of Architecture.

Editorial 5
Office Practice Aids 6
New Law Expands Copyright Protections
Chapter Awards 20
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Viewpoint 31
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William C. Mignogna, P.E.
Florida Architect, Official Journal of the
Florida Association of the American In-
stitute of Architects, is owned and pub-
lished by the Association, a Florida Cor-
poration not for profit. ISSN-0015-3907.
It is published six times a year at the
Executive Office of the Association, 104
East Jefferson St., Tallahassee, Florida
32302. 'lephone (904) 222-7590.
Opinions expressed by contributors are
not necessarily those of the FA/AIA. Cover photo of the Loading Dock West in Tampa is by George Cott.
Editorial material may be reprinted only Architecture is by Rowe, Holmes, Hammer, Russell Architects.
with the express permission of Florida
Single copies, $4.00; Annual subscrip-
tion, $19.08. Third class postage.


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Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street
Post Office Box 10388
Tallahassee, Florida 32302
Publisher/Executive Vice President
George A. Allen, CAE, Hon. AIA
Diane D. Greer
Assistant Publisher
Director of Advertising
Carolyn Maryland
Design and Production
Peter Mitchell Associates, Inc.
Boyd Brothers Printers
Publications Committee
Roy Knight, AIA, Chairman
Henry Alexander, AIA
Keith Bailey, AIA
Gene Leedy, AIA
Will Morris, AIA
Don Sackman, AIA
H. Dean Rowe, FAIA
Editorial Board
Ivan Johnson, AIA
Dave Fronczak, AIA
Roy Knight, AIA
Raymond L. Scott, AIA
1900 Summit Tower Blvd., Ste. 260
Orlando, 32810
Vice PresidentPresidentelect
Henry C. Alexander, AIA
Smith Korach Hayet Haynie
175 Fontainebleau Road
Miami, Florida 33172

John Tice, AIA
909 East Cervantes
Pensacola, Florida 32501
Past President
Larry M. Schneider, AIA
25 Seabreeze
Delray Beach, FL 32483
Regional Directors
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5772 Timuquana Rd., Ste. 4
Jacksonville, Florida 32210
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4425 Beacon Circle
West Palm Beach, Florida 33407
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Suite 300
Oakland Park, Florida 33311
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3300 S. W. Archer Road
Gainesville, Florida 32608
Vice President/Professional
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510 Julia Street
Jacksonville, Florida 32202


"So she sat with closed eyes, and half believed herself in
Wonderland, though she knew she had but to open them again,
and all would change to dull reality..."

I recently read an article describing how contradictory the architecture of
Southern California is... "like an invention, like some vast real estate devel-
opment that turn-of-the-century promoters and civic boosters packaged,
scripted and sold as the manifestation of the Arcadian Dream."
That sounds familiar, I thought. Read on.
What is the Arcadian Dream? "It's a better life that combines the best of
Anglo and Hispanic cultures. Yankee ingenuity and capitalist skills, com-
plemented by Latin graciousness and love of life, all combined to create a
sun-drenched super society. Hand-colored Chamber of Commerce bro-
chures would depict thriving communities in the midst of bucolic orange

"I do wonder what can have happened to me! When I used to read
fairy tales, I fancied that kind of thing never happened, and now
here I am in the middle of one."

Is this myth of a new regionalism still with us here in Florida, I
wondered? After all, Addison Mizner packaged the Arcadian Dream in a
hand-colored brochure. He depicted a new life of elegance which, thanks to
our Spanish heritage, would fill a cultural void and put us in the lap of his-
toric luxury. And, to be sure, Florida's orange trees are nothing, if not
bucolic. Mizner packaged a dream and others have followed and the quest
for a meaningful local architecture goes on unabated. Mizner tried to
peddle Mediterranean regionalism as the popular vernacular.
Now, the need for architects to "define the particular" and to capture "the
spirit of the place" has become critical. Faced with incredible growth, a
shrinking coastline and an unstable infrastructure, the populace is grasp-
ing for some notion of permanence, of stability. The search for a locally
meaningful architecture is more and more relevant.
As with Southern California, Florida's climate encourages experimentation
with materials and should "lay the groundwork for a diverse regional
aesthetic." Only inspired enthusiasm can successfully combine the art of
architecture with budget-driven reality.

It sounded an excellent plan, no doubt, and very neatly and simply
arranged; the only difficulty was, that she had not the smallest
idea how to set about it.. "Would you please tell me how to get from
here?" "That depends a good deal on where you want to go."

My thanks to Rob Wellington Quigley, AIA, for letting me publish some of
his ideas about Southern California architecture and my thanks to Lewis
Carroll for writing Alice in Wonderland. DG

Carroll, Lewis (1982) Alice in Wonderland and Through The Looking Glass,
New York, Simon and Schuster.



New Law Expands Copyright Protections

On December 1, 1990, Presi-
dent Bush signed into law
H.R. 5316 (P.L.101- ), a major
improvement in copyright pro-
tections for architectural
works. The new law not only
protects architects' drawings
and plans from unauthorized
copying, but also their designs
embodied in actual buildings.
Below are some questions and
answers designed to explain
how this new law affects archi-
tects and their work.
What protections does the
new law provide?
It adds two protections to
one already available. Prior to
passage of H.R. 5316, archi-
tects' drawings, plans, and
models were protected against
unauthorized copying. Now, as
a result of H.R. 5316, it would
be an infringement to con-
struct a "copycat" building, or
to construct a building from a
copyright owner's drawings,
plans, or models without the
copyright owner's permission,
no matter how those instru-
ments were obtained.
When does the law take
The law takes effect Decem-
ber 1, 1990, in two ways. First,
it applies to architectural works
created on or after that date.
Second, it applies to an archi-
tectural work that as of Decem-
ber 1, 1990, was unconstructed
and embodied in unpublished
plans or drawings.
When is a work considered
When it is disseminated to
the public. The distribution of
several copies of a design to a
design competition panel for
that panel's use would proba-
bly not be considered publica-
tion. For some states, the filing
of an architectural drawing
with a building permit office or
the construction of a building
might be considered publica-
tion of the work.

At what point in the pro-
duction of an architectural
drawing or the construction
of a building does the law
When the design embodied
in the architectural work is
Does that mean that an ar-
chitect must register plans
or buildings formally with
the U.S. Copyright Office in
order to own the copyright
on these architectural
Registration is not a prereq-
uisite for ownership of the
copyright, but it is required
before a lawsuit for copyright
infringement may be brought.
How is the law enforced?
Just like it is for any other
copyright infringement; through
a criminal complaint against the
violator and through civil action
to recover damages.
May an architect seek an in-
junction to halt construc-
tion or court order to seize
or destroy the infringing
The architect has the power
under the law to seek such
legal remedies.
If someone copies a particu-
lar feature of a building, say
a row of windows or a front
entrance, does that consti-
tute an infringement?
Generally, no. The design
embodied in the building must
be considered as a whole. An
infringement would occur
when a copy is "substantially
similar" to the original.
What about split levels or
tract housing or what ap-
pear to be commonplace
buildings? Are they covered
by this act
Yes. An architectural work is
an expression of an idea. The
design, embodied in the build-
ing or drawing need only be an
original expression of the
architect. It need not be a

unique or artistic expression,
or even a particularly good one.
Does the architect have the
authority to demand that a
building owner seek the
architect's permission be-
fore undertaking an alter-
ation to his or her building?
No. An owner has absolute
right to change any and all fea-
tures of his or her building
without prior permission.
Can someone take pictures
of a building and then with
the aid of a computer devel-
op plans that can be used in
an infringement?
The law does not restrict
anybody's ability to make picto-
rial representations of build-
ings, and an individual can use
those pictures to develop plans
without violating copyright law.

Should that person, however,
seek to execute those plans, it
would be an infringement.
It appears that an infringe-
ment may be hard to prove in
a number of circumstances.
There are practical problems
in proving an infringement.
This is certainly true with
respect to commonplace build-
ings. Copyright owners will
also have some difficulty prov-
ing that buildings under con-
struction is an infringement
unless prior knowledge exists.
The same is true with respect
to unauthorized construction
from plans and drawings. But
the protections exist neverthe-
less, and copyright owners will
have to make judgements
about whether or not to pursue
legal action.




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Where There's Smoke...

Fire and Arson
Quincy, Florida

Architect: Elliot and
Marshall, P.A.
Consulting Engineers:
Hines Hartman and
Associates, Inc. (MPE)
Copeland Consulting
Engineers, Inc. (Str.)
Broward Davis and Associates,
Inc. (Civil)
Ardaman and Associates, Inc.
Contractor: Allstate
Construction, Inc.
Owner: Department of
General Services, State of

T located adjacent to the Law
Enforcement Training Cen-
ter in Quincy, the Florida
Department of Insurance's Fire
and Arson Laboratory present-
ed several challenges for the
architect: to create a highly
technical and efficient scien-
tific laboratory with the latest
in chemical analysis equipment
which is also a comfortable
working environment, to create
a visual impact with the small
but important building, to take
advantage of the natural beau-
ty of the wooded lot, and to
make a strong statement when
the building is viewed from the
heavily trafficked highway.
The Fire and Arson Labora-
tory's main function is the
chemical analysis of materials
recovered from fires of suspi-
cious origin anywhere in the
state. The simple lines of the
exterior create a visual impact
of solidity and authority,
reflecting the seriousness of
purpose of this investigative
laboratory. The bold handling
of the four exhaust stacks and .
one boiler stack gives further
prominence to the building. I

rnnto nv itanrv Knimnt.

Inside, a comfortable and calm
working environment is created
through the use of warm interi-
or colors and sound absorbing
materials and the unspoiled
surrounding woods are drawn
into the environment through
the positioning of large
windows in each office.
The laboratory is constructed
in three building masses which
step down across the eight foot
slope of the two-acre building
site. The design parti was for-
mulated using the traditional
nine square pattern as an
ordering tool. Four nine square
grids were laid side-by-side,
the third of which developed
into the open courtyard sepa-
rating the garage facility from
the main portion of the lab
complex. The grid defining the
nine squares was manipulated
and transformed into positive
space defining the circulation
corridors. Programmatic func-
tions were accommodated
through alterations and modifi-
cations to the basic grid. A
lobby area and spacious patio
mediate between the three sec-
tions of the building. Exterior
materials include brick, pre-
cast concrete, Alucabond pan-
els, galvilume roof system, alu-
minum windows, and concrete


The laboratories themselves
are highly sophisticated work-
spaces designed to accommo-
date state-of-the-art materials
analysis computers and other
specialized equipment. Labora-
tory spaces include two main
laboratories, three explosion-
proof prep rooms, and flam-
mable and chemical storage.
Explosion-proof receptacles,
venting and blowout panels are
provided for safety in the prep
rooms. Extensive btilt-in pip-
ing systems convey argon,
methane, helium, nitrogen,
nitrous oxide, acetylene, LP
gas, compressed air and vacu-
um to the labs. Programmatic
guidelines required that the
laboratories be treated as evi-
dence rooms under the guide-
lines of the judicial system,
having controlled access and
separated from general office
space and the garage. A sepa-
rate entrance to the cylinder
room allows gas service with-
out access to the lab areas.
Office facilities for two supervi-
sors and two investigators,
training facilities, a photo
darkroom, and rear screen pro-
jection system are also provid-
ed. A mobile lab unit is housed
in a garage which includes a
wash area and storage.

Photo by Gary Knight


--I -



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A Therapeutic Light-Filled Space

Sid Martin Bridge
Gainesville, Florida

Architect: Lewis Brown,
Jr., AIA
Principal-in-Charge: Lewis
Brown, Jr., AIA
Project Architect: Jack
Consulting Engineers:
Ingley, Campbell, Moses &
Associates Mechanical/
Electrical; Bodo and Associ-
ates Structural; Chance and
Causseaux Civil; E.H.
Thompson Kitchen
General Contractor: Joyner
Construction, Inc.
Owner: Mental Health
Services, Inc. of North Central

N named in honor of a distin-
guished Alachua County
Legislator, the Sid Martin
Bridge House is a safe haven
for those people in need of resi-
dent-based counseling for sub-
stance abuse. When the build-
ing was initially conceived by
the owner, the rules were quite
simple; there were to be two
different types of residents in
the facility. The first were
those people without the abili-
ty to pay and the second were
those who could pay for ser-
Men and women are sepa-
rated within the facility as are
paying and non-paying resi-
dents. The separation of resi-
dents was a rather simple task.
The main building is split di-
rectly down the middle with
housing and support services
for each of the sexes on either
side of a dividing wall. Each
side shares visitor reception,
commercial kitchen and a cen-
tral dining hall that can be
divided both visually and Photo of atrium by George Cott.


acoustically. The twelve bed
"private wing" where paying
residents are housed is turned
at a 45-degree angle to the lon-
gitudinal axis of the main
The "residential and uplift-
ing quality" which the owner
wanted in the building was
another matter all together.
Coupling this abstract idea
with the reality of local fire
codes, the architect chose sin-
gle story, wood frame construc-
tion with all flammable materi-
als wrapped in fire-rated
gypsum board. In addition, the
facility has sprinklers through-
out. The gabled roof forms
yielded spacious vaulted ceil-
ings which expressed simple
home-like feelings.
The building is so light-filled
that during the process of con-
struction no artificial lighting
was needed. In its completed
state, the building seldom
needs to use indirect lighting
during daylight hours. The
interior spaces, which would
otherwise have been dark due
to their location, have been
illuminated through the exten-
sive use of skylights and
clerestory lighting.
Due to the revival of "crack-
er style" architecture in the
Central Florida area, the ar-
chitect chose a standing seam
metal roof for its durable quali-
ties and aesthetic appearance.
The exterior walls are a stucco-
like material which is applied
directly over a fire-rated gyp-
sum board. The 23,285-square-
foot building was built at a cost
of $1.86 million. This included
the commercial kitchen equip-
ment. In order to provide
maximum flexibility and energy
savings, the facility is equipped
with several heating and air-
conditioning systems, each one
operated from an individual


Photo by George Cott.

thermostat. The mechanical
equipment is roof-mounted in a
recessed, flat-roofed space situ-
ated in the center of the build-
ing. This area is hidden from
view by the adjacent pitched
When an architect designs a
building for a client, the hope
is that the building will be a
success and fit his client's
needs. In this case both objec-
tives were met and can be
summed up in a comment that
the facility's Executive Director
recently made: "The sense of
light and openness, the resi-
dential character of the build-
ing design, the functionality of
the layout all make Bridge
House a pleasure to work in
and enhance the therapeutic
effectiveness of the program.
Since we have been in the new
facility, more residents are
graduating and more families
are participating in the

Charles Harrison Pawley, FAA: Architecture for Soft Breezes

How does a project like
Miami's Caribbean Mar-
ketplace get off the ground.
And what kind of an architect
takes on a project in a blighted
area that offers little hope of
any return?
The answer to both is Charles
Harrison Pawley, the Miami
architect who became a Fellow
of the American Institute of
Architects in 1990, and whose
name has become synonymous
with believing,in positive out-
comes even when there seems
little chance of its happening.
The design and construction
of the Caribbean Marketplace
has offered great returns for
everyone involved. For the ar-
chitect, the recognition has
been at both the state and na-
tional levels. The Marketplace
won a National Honor Award
from the American Institute of
Architects, the second building
in Florida to be so honored. In
addition, the Caribbean Mar-
ketplace won an Award of
Honor for Design from the
Florida Association, AIA.
It is difficult to describe the
impact that all this recognition
has had on Miami's Haitian
community. Neighborhood
pride has always existed, but
now there is something tangi-
ble to show for that pride. That
a project of such recognition
belongs to them has made an
incredible difference in Miami's
Little Haiti. It has inspired
the Haitian Task Force and its
current director, Yves Vielot, to
begin to imagine what the full
potential of the project might
mean to the community. Steps
are being taken to assure its
establishment as a prominent
and permanent community fix-
ture. Plans are also being
made to incorporate a flea mar-
ket, a restaurant and an open
entertainment area that will

Caribbean Marketplace, "Little Haiti," Miami. Photo by Dan Forer

serve as a community gather-
ing place. The building has
become a focal point...an
icon...in Little Haiti, and its
success has inspired other
minority communities to think
about what can be accom-
plished by creating their own
community symbol.
How did Charles Pawley get
At a time when the govern-
ment saw only blight and
pressed for demolition of the
existing building, this architect
cast his lot with the vision-
aries. His tropical urge engen-
ders environmental preserva-
tion and respect for historical
roots in the community where
he practices. It inspires his ar-
chitecture and makes him vocal
about preserving sub-tropical
Florida. He cares about place,
about the look of where he lives
and the multi-compositional
forces that give an area its
character. His advocacy is not
just for green open spaces or
just for preserving old build-
ings. He wants his city to flour-
ish sui generis. Pawley feels
that Miami is in the process of
"becoming" and he wants to be
a part of it.
As part of the process of
"becoming," Pawley recently
took on the cause of the Brick-
ell Bridge replacement. When
the Florida Department of
Transportation routinely pre-
pared to tear down the 50-year-
old Miami bridge and replace it
with another steel slab, Pawley
suggested that the new bridge
should make an important de-
sign statement. To that end,
he wrote hundreds of letters
and made hundreds of phone
calls and when he was finished
68 architects from around the
world had entered the Brickell
Bridge Competition. As a re-
sult, Miami wound up with a


vocomta iirove u'jjwe. Photo by KNata m =azar

design for a bridge that will not
only make a gateway state-
ment for the city, but the suc-
cess of the competition has
loosened the hand of things-as-
usual in government.
More recently, the City of
Miami lathered itself into a
froth about a baseball stadium
in downtown Bicentennial
Park. Imagine the glossy image
of a ball park by the bay! How
could anyone oppose that?
Charles Pawley cautioned,
"No!" The stadium would
usurp green and open spaces
sorely needed in a growing,
busy city. Fortunately, the
prospective franchisee proved
to be a group headed by a part
owner of Joe Robbie Stadium,
so the baseball issue appears to
be resolved. Unfortunately, a
new grab at "free" land is al-
ways around the next corner.
This willingness to take a
leadership role has made
Charles Harrison Pawley the
first chairman of the Dade
County Historic Preservation
Board. During his years as an
officer and director of the Flor-
ida South Chapter (now Miami)
of the AIA, he has used his pro-
fessional reputation and his
position to get things done
when they'd only been talked
about before.
Working with the Metropoli-
tan Dade County Commission
has been the culmination of his
effort to set ground rules for
architectural selection, fee
structure and contracts. This
allowed access to millions of
dollars of county fees by a larg-
er number of architects rather
than a privileged few. In con-
junction with the AIA and the
school committee of the Metro-
politan Museum and Arts Cen-
ter, Pawley created a yearly
fund raising effort, a flea mar-
ket for cast-off art objects and

Cargo Clear ce Ceter Office Photo by Dan Forer


Photo by Charles Harrison Pawley, FAIA

Proposal for design of Brickell Avenue Bridge.
building supplies. Half of the tween this architect's advocacy
proceeds went directly to the of civic projects and his archi-
FSC/AIA Scholarship Fund. tecture. Not just that his advo-
This event has since become cacy keeps his name in front of
the single most productive possible clients. Rather, that
fund raising activity for the when he speaks, people listen.
local AIA chapter and it has They trust his intuition be-
made it possible for the chap- cause of his track record.
ter to support many activities The same zeal that one sees
that couldn't previously be in Pawley's civic pride and, his
considered. concern for sub-tropical Florida
One finds congruency be- is obvious in his architecture.

His houses (his work is pri-
marily residential) are unmis-
takably right for warm weath-
er living. He was born in Haiti
and from his early years in the
tropics, he learned the practi-
cal beauty of high ceilings, pad-
dlefans, cross-ventilation and
foliage for shade. Tinged with
the past, his architecture and
his advocacy evoke images of
the architect as artist, as


statesman and as visionary.
Herb Hiller

The author lives in Coconut
Grove and writes about what
makes places special.

Palm Beach Residence.

Photo by Charles Harrison Pawley, FAIA


Coconut Grove Residence.


Olt r As

The Office of Charles Hari-
son Pawley was formed in 1968
and it maintains a staff of from
five to 15 people. Although
based in Miami and primarily
serving the South Florida area,
the firm serves a clientele in
other parts of the country and
In his office, Pawley has in-

stituted a unique design team
approach which emphasizes
problem solving. The design
process is further strengthened
by the extensive experience
of the firm in all stages of
Pawley's philosophy of de-
sign is best described as that of
architecture of place. He sup-

ports the view that architec-
tural design should be a rational
process, yet he stresses that
this must not exclude the emo-
tional component necessarily
found in all good design. Even
though Pawley believes in a
very rational design approach,
he does not neglect what he
feels is the essential spirit of

the building. A building must
have a program, as a poem
must have metric form. But,
just as good poetry creates
more than just rhyming
words, good architecture
creates more than just en-
closed spaces.


A Tampa Eatery With A Warehouse Aesthetic

The Loading Dock
Tampa, Florida

Architect: Rowe Holmes
Hammer Russell Architects
Principal-in-Charge: H.
Dean Rowe, FAIA
Designer, Project Manager:
Rick Rowe, AIA
Owner: The Loading Dock,
Consulting Engineers:
Tanase & Associates, Inc.
Contractor: Sleer Construc-
tion Corporation

Thhe Loading Dock Westshore
. is a 21st century version of
a family-owned sandwich shop
and pub. It occupies 2,000
square feet of retail space off
an indoor atrium mall between
two 12-story office towers. The
original Loading Dock Down-
town established the restau-
rant's industrial/warehouse
aesthetic, as well as its serving
line-bar plan configuration.
The program included seat-
ing for 120, an office for the
owner/manager, walk-in cooler,
sandwich preparation and stor-
age areas, bar, serving line,
salad bar, and existing toilet
facilities. The program was
simplified and assigned to vari-
ous volumes arranged
sculpturally within the given
confines of the space.
Three major volumes were
expressed in contrasting every-
day industrial materials. The
existing toilets' volume is clad
with polyurethane coated 4' x
8' sheets of wafer board
sheathing. The sandwich
preparation area is concealed
by a second volume whose
walls are sheathed in green
chalk board-upon which the
menu is written a Loading
Dock tradition. The third vol-
ume is the office/walk-in cooler.

Photo of serving line bar by
George Cott. Preliminary sketch
by Rick Rowe.


Its form, location, and attitude
was inspired by the style of
Ybor City warehouses. A low
wall/handrail is made of 2' x 6'
wood stud framing, internally
illuminated and sheathed in
transluscent fiberglass panels.
The illuminated handrail and
column beam serves as a direc-
tional reference for customers
navigating the serving line.
The heavy timber columns,
knee braces, and beams recall
the 1907 structureof the origi-
nal Loading Dock Downtown.
Flooring is aluminum tread
plate on the upper level and
painted concrete below. Opened
industrial garage doors maxi-
mizes the restaurant's
exposure to the entire mall and
allows seating to extend into
the atrium. The large wall
areas are made available to
local galleries and artists on a
rotating basis.
Photo by George Cott.


RETAIL uE iG I ------

--- ~~ ~ Enri COOLER

S; --. 1KiTCh~lr SE3 RVICE



Broward County Chapter/AIA

There were 26 projects submitted for review in the 1991 Broward County Chapter Design Awards. Entries were judged in several
categories including Interiors, Public Buildings, Commercial, Residential and Unbuilt. The jury members, who met in Fort
Lauderdale in February, were Anthony Ames, FAIA, Atlanta; Robert MacLeod, Architect, Gainesville; Dennis Jenkins, ASID, Miami;
and Raymond Jungles, ASLA, Miami.

- K- 1 '- .

1- 74q

Award of Excellence
Stav Residence
Jorge Zertucha, AIA

Award of Excellence
Townhouses at Colee Hammock
Anthony Abbate, AIA Architect

Award of Merit
Coral Springs City Center
Singer/Vagi Architects


Honorable Mention
108 Residence
Tuthill and Vick Architecture

Award of Merit
John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art
SG2 Architects

Honorable Mention
Remodelling for Lorraine
Anthony Abbate, AIA Architect

Honorable Mention
International Game Fishing Association (IGFA)
Headquarters and Marine Research
Anthony Abbate, AIA Architect

1M 1 S E M 0 \

Honorable Mention
Worrell Enterprises Corporate Headquarters
Donald Singer Architect, P.A.

L A . .

art festival

:. I Honorable Mention
Roy D. Smith, AIA





I i

ThrW Di
.^xN s
"-^ ^ '4^S

4 -- b






_. __,



aZ-I- -_


Shaping (literally) UM's Architecture School

Ziff Tower
University of Miami
School of Architecture
Coral Gables, Florida

Design Architect: Aldo Rossi,
Morris Adjmi
Studio di Architettura
New York, N.Y.
Principal-in-Charge: Morris
Project Designer: Aldo Rossi
Architect: Baldwin Sackman
Carrington, Architects, P.A.,
South Miami, Florida
Principal-in-Charge: Donald
Sackman, AIA
Project Architect: David H.
Carrington, AIA, Alfredo Pou,
Consulting Engineers:
Professional Associates -
ing; Lawrence F. Brill -
Interior Designer: Aldo
Rossi / Baldwin Sackman Car-
rington, Architects, P.A.
Owner: The University of

Vhe Ziff Tower, due to be
Completed this summer, is
a 132-foot-tall, square tower
with 19,000 square feet of
usable space. Its exterior will
be faced with coral stone
native to the Florida Keys.
Baldwin Sackman Carring-
ton was commissioned to
complete all construction
documents as well as to over-
see construction. Aldo Rossi,
the world renowned Italian
architect and 1990 Pritzker
Prize Winner, and his Studio di
Architettura in New York City,
provided the design intent and
created the facade that will
make the Ziff Tower so unique.


'i0A I 1 2

The Tower will be Aldo Rossi's
first United States project, and
he is like several European
architects before him who have
designed educational facilities;
Le Corbusier's first American
building was for Harvard Uni-
versity, Alvar Aalto's for M.I.T.
and James Stirling's for Rice

The new School of Architec-
ture project will be built in var-
ious phases. Phase I, to be
completed in mid-1990, will
include the Ziff Tower. Phase II
will eventually include the new
University of Miami School of
The interior contains three
major exhibition or lecture

/ ,/

halls including a cube-shaped
80-seat auditorium and mezza-
nine gallery, a spherical room,
whose form will be achieved by
virtue of a circular seating pat-
tern and a cone-shaped room
which will be located on the
top floor and whose ceiling will
become the tower's outer roof




Randy Atlas
2 Palm Bay Court
Miami, Florida 33138
(305) 756-5027
FAX (305) 576-1390

Circle 19on Reader Inquiry Card


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CLAY TILE is maintenance free,
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,4 lHiol i ,crsa01,

Product News

New Sound-Absorbing
Material Available
Peer, Inc. has begun market-
ing Almute, a new architectural
sound-absorbing treatment
made of sintered aluminum
particles. The particles are
fashioned into rigid panels
which are affixed to walls or
ceilings and the result is a
high-tech look combined with
an NRC noise absorption coef-
ficient of close to 0.90 in the
mid-frequency range.
Although developed and used
in Japan, Almute has just been
introduced in the U.S. and has
already been used in an office
complex, a conference center and
numerous residences. In addi-
tion to its pleasing appearance
and ultra-high sound-absorb-
ing capability, Almute offers
numerous engineering advan-
tages. It's air-permeable and
nonfibrous, it can dry from full
wet in under two hours and it
provides RF and EM shielding.
Almute absorbs sound due to
the tremendous porosity of the
interstices between sintered
aluminum particles. Forty per-
cent air space by volume,
Almute sets up an attenuating
"sound spring" in the air gap
between the panel and the
hard wall or ceiling behind it.
The air gap is designed to max-
imize the desired peak fre-
quency of absorption.
Peer will provide engineering
support and acoustical studies
to architects or interior design-
ers considering specifying
Almute. Contact Peer, Inc. at
241 Palatine Rd., Wheeling, Illi-
nois 60090 or (708-870-3300).

Prevent Marble Curl,
Warp and Stain
Laticrete International, Inc.
has developed The Latapoxy
300 Epoxy Installation System,
a special adhesive to combat
the problems that green mar-
ble and agglomerate tile mate-
rials have presented to the


industry for years, including
curl, warp, stain and slump.
Since the building industry
started installing green marble
slabs and tiles on floors, it has
been a nightmare for on-the-
job installers. With traditional
mortars, these tiles bow their
backs, develop spots and slide
out of position. Laticrete's new
Epoxy Adhesive is a complete,
ready to mix premium materi-
al for vertical and horizontal
applications and can be used to
install all types of ceramic tile,
marble and natural stone over
concrete, properly constructed
exterior grade plywood (for
interior use) and post ten-
sioned and precast floor sys-
tems. The product has high
bond strength, is non-flam-
mable, odorless, easy to trowel,
does not slump and can be
cleaned with water.
For access to Laticrete liter-
ature, call 800-393-1684, Ext.
265 or write Laticrete Interna-
tional, 1 Laticrete Park North,

Dept. 633.0, Bethany, Con-
necticut 06525.
Good Prices for New
Kruse and Meinert Kitchens
brings a line of German-de-
signed and manufactured kit-
chen modules to the Southeast-
ern U.S. at a low price. K & F
Kitchens feature a wide selec-
tion of traditional woods, gloss
and matte finishes and con-
temporary laminates. Cabinet
designs range from traditional
classics to sophisticated Euro-
pean styles. Final assembly,
based on custom kitchen lay-
outs, is completed on site by
authorized K&F dealers which
allows the company to offer its
system at prices up to 40%
lower than other imported Ger-
man kitchens.
For information about K&F
Kitchens, contact Quality
Kitchens and Appliances in
Deerfield Beach, FL at (305)

New Tile for
A new thicker tile that will
offer added shock attenuation
when used on playgrounds and
recreation area surfaces is avail-
able from Carlisle Tire & Rub-
ber Company. PLAYGROUND,
the shock-absorbant resilient
safety surface, is available in a
two-inch configuration.
Although all risk of injury
cannot be eliminated, PLAY-
GROUND is designed to re-
duce the severity of injury
caused by falls. The product's
durable, shock-absorbant tiles
are recommended for inside
and out. They are formulated
from high-grade rubber and
urethane binders and they pro-
duce a fast-drying, high-trac-
tion surface that can be
cleaned easily by sweeping or
damp mopping. The tiles can
withstand high impact without
chipping or cracking.
The water-permeable tiles,
which come in red, green and
black, can be adhered directly
to a solid substrate such as
asphalt or concrete and patent-
ed mechanical attachment sys-
tems are available to provide
secure installation over com-
pacted fill materials.
For information, contact
Carlisle Tire & Rubber at 800-

The editor apologizes to
SOM Consulting Engineers for
listing them incorrectly as the
Mechanical/Electrical consul-
tants for the Sawgrass Educa-
tion Complex designed by
Sasaki Architects. The correct
firm name was SDM Engi-
neers, according to Principal
Designer Marilys Nepomachie,

PLAYGROUND is designed to reduce the severity of injuries.

Chicago Faucets Intro-
duces New Line
The Illusions Collection is
Chicago Faucets' new solid
brass line of European bath-
room fixtures. Illusions Collec-
tions' faucets are available in
three finishes, Eurobrass.
which is nickel coated with gold
alloy, a polished chrome finish
and a bright white finish.
The collection also comes in
two styles. One group is char-
acterized by a sleek, high-pro-
file spout which is available in
a variety of sets. The second
group has a pronounced quar-
ter moon-shaped spout and it,
too, is available in various sets.
For additional information,
contact the company in Des
Plaines, Illinois at (312) 694-

Lithochrome Is
Environmentally Safe
An environmentally safe cur-
ing compound for concrete has
been developed by the L.M.
Scofield Co. and it is being
marketed as Lithochrome Col-
orwax, Water Base. Commonly
used on architectural concrete
in hardscape designs, the new
product is a heavy-duty curing
and finishing material which is
color-matched to the concrete
The new Lithochrome
Colorwax, Water Base, replaces
a previous solvent base colored
curing compound and imparts
a more natural surface appear-
ance. In addition to protecting
the environment, this cost-
effective material saves appli-
cation time and labor since it

..R: i

S ': .

Quarter moon snout is one new desion fmm Chicano Fauets.

Only Douglas Fir is used in Bend's new entry door.

needs no thinning, dries quick-
ly and cleans up with water.
The product is available in 51
standard colors.
For complete information,
contact the Eastern Customer
Service Department at 800-

Bend Introduces
A New Entry Door
Bend Door Company has a
complete ine of entry doors, all
made of old-growth Douglas
Fir and highlighted with deco-
rative leaded glass. Only fir is
used so the doors will finish
like a piece of furniture.
South Floridians know all too
well how the state's hot, humid
climate can cause damage to
exterior doors. Bend Doors are
manufactured with engineered
stiles and rails that virtually
eliminate problems with warp-
age, shrinkage and splitting.
Tests on entry door systems
have been conducted by many
independent research labs in
an effort to determine the sig-
nificance of R-values in entry
doors. In tests, the evidence
indicates the major cause of
heat loss (or gain) is air infil-
tration. In fact, up to 90% of
this heat transference is due to
air passing around the perime-
ter of the door.
Wood entry doors outperform
steel doors at all temperatures.
Wood is a natural insulator,
and when installed in an ener-
gy-efficient frame, wood entry
doors are your surest bet to
minimize air infiltration.
Bend Doors are protected by
a lifetime warranty against
splits through the door panels
and a Two-Year Limited War-
ranty against any defects.
For the retail outlet nearest
you, call 800-243-2251.


A 4tl~

H 0ig


p p


Technical Update: Metal Stud / Brick Veneer Curtain Wall Systems

(Editor's Note: The following
is the last in a series of Techni-
cal Update articles developed
by the West Palm structural
engineering firm of O'Donnell,
Naccarato & Mignogna for
Florida Architect. Readers can
receive a free copy of O'Don-
nell, Naccarato & Mignogna's
complete DESIGN DATA-
BOOK report on metal stud/
brick veneer curtain wall sys-
tems by calling 407-471-5166,
or writing the firm at 1665
Palm Beach Lakes Blvd., West
Palm Beach, 33401.)

Tn recent years, the metal
stud/brick veneer back-up
wall system has become the
most popular choice among
architects and owners for exte-
rior wall systems.
However, technology has
been hard pressed to keep pace
with the demands imposed by
the change from concrete block
to metal stud backup. Further,
there has been some controver-
sy about the use of metal stud
in place of backup block-and
lawsuits resulting from im-
properly designed exterior
By combining research data
from the Brick Institute of
America (BIA) with our firm's
own "on the job" observations,
we have developed some design
parameters, including a hard-
ware component section, which
we feel help clarify design
issues for this system.
In the procedural area, there
are three primary considera-
* CAVITY SIZE. We recommend
that a 2" air space be provided
between the brick veneer and
the face of sheathing. This
larger cavity will prevent
water from reaching the .metal
stud .backup along mortar


junction with the larger, 2"
cavity size, we recommend that
brick ties be spaced at a maxi-
mum frequency of one tie per
two square feet of wall area. To
satisfy this requirement, exte-
rior wall studs must be spaced
at 16" on center. The brick ties
must be placed on 16" by 16"
studs used as a backup to brick
veneers should be designed to
limit deflection under lateral
wind loads to H/600, with a cri-
teria of H/900 being preferred
(where H=the unbraced height
of the wall). All studs should
be rigidly sheathed on both
faces, doubled at all jambs and
braced with horizontal strap-
ping at mid-height. The studs
should be hot- dipped galva-
nized to ensure corrosion resis-
tance. Studs should be a mini-
mum of 6"deep and heavy

Hardware Components
When selecting the brick tie
assembly (wire tie, stud at-
tachment, screws) for use in
the metal study/brick veneer
wall panel, it's important to
choose an assembly that has
been engineered to meet three
1) It must be corrosion resis-
2) It must possess adequate
3) It must be compatible
with the metal stud backup.
Our intention here is cer-
tainly not to provide a commer-
cial endorsement for a particu-
lar supplier or product. How-
ever, in our own experience, we
have found that the following
assemblies best meet the crite-
ria described earlier.

TEM. In terms of wire tie/
attachments, the Hohmann &
Barnard DW-10 attachment
used with the 3/16" diameter
box-tie is an excellent system.
The box-tie has a built-in drip
that prevents water from
reaching the metal stud back-
up. All components must be
specified as hot-dipped galva-
When the Hohmann & Bar-
nard DW-10 attachment is
used, the mounting screws
must be carefully specified to
ensure corrosion resistance.
Choices include stainless steel,
hot-dipped galvanized, cadmi-
um plating, and climaseal co-
polymer coating.
Stainless steel screws may
create a galvanic reaction with
the carbon steel studs. The
zinc coating on the galvanized
screws abrades upon driving.
Of the four choices of screw
material, the climaseal co-poly-
mer coating shows the most
promise for permanent corro-
sion protection. However, at
this time, cadmium plating
continues to be the industry



SYSTEM. The Posi-Tie fastening
system developed by National
Wire Products provides an
attractive alternative to "con-
ventional" brick tie assemblies.
The Posi-Tie combines the
three elements of the brick tie
assembly into one unit for
"foolproof" installation, thus
eliminating the possibility of
the wrong screw being used.
The tie portion of the assem-
bly is 3/16" diameter and incor-
porates a drip to prevent water
from reaching the metal stud
backup. In addition, the compo-
nents of the system are mill gal-
vanized for corrosion resistance.
Technology is certain to con-
tinue to provide increasingly
sophisticated choices in hard-
ware components. As that prog-
ress occurs, it's the responsibil-
ity of the structural engineering
member of the project team to
keep other team members up to
date on hardware and system
options as they impact overall
project design parameters and
cost considerations.
William C. Mignogna is Pres-
ident and Principal with O'Don-
nell, Naccarato & Mignogna,
based in West Palm Beach.



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For commercial and industrial clients, natural gas is the
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