Title: Florida architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00285
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Series Title: Florida architect.
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: November-December 1990
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073793
Volume ID: VID00285
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Full Text

-7 Zo- cp
Af5 2-



Lifetile believes you have a right to the
widest possible selection of roof tiles.
One that features the colors and
styles you require for complete
architectural harmony.
So no matter what your roofing plan calls
for, you'll find a Lifetile product to
promote your desire for excellence.
Your designs and Lifetile roofs.
A world of options.

Whether commercial or residential,
we know what you want. Because we
listen to what you say.

Fire-Safe roofing with the Concrete Advantage

Rialto, California Stockton, California Casa Grande, Arizona

Rialto, California Stockton, California Casa Grande, Arizona
(714) 822-4407 (209) 983-1600 (602) 836-8100
Member of National Tile Roofing Manufacturers Association, Inc.
Circle 29 on Reader Inquiry Card

Katy, Texas
(713) 371-2634

San Antonio, Texas Lake Wales, Florida
(512) 626-2771 (813) 676-9405


8907 N. 12TH STREET
TAMPA, FL 33604
(800) 226-8167 EXT. 277


Circle 25 on Reader Inquiry Card




'' "' :"i~"?
'; '';
,-;~ .. : :1.?
,~.. ..,.- zq



"Style" 9
An Essay by Jack West

FA/AIA Unbuilt Design Awards 10

Sawgrass Educational Complex / Sawgrass Regional Park
Sasaki Associates, Inc.
The Fort Myers Regional Service Center
Rowe Holmes Hammer Russell Architects
November/December, 1990 President's House, University of South Florida
Vol. 37, No. 6 Gene Leedy, Architect
Residence for Chapman J. Root, II
William Morgan Architects
Prototype High School
Peacock + Lewis Architects and Planners, Inc.
Costa do Sol
RTKL Architects, Inc.

Test of Time Award 22


Contents 3
Editorial 5
News 7
Technology 26
New Products and Services 31
Viewpoint 36

Florida Architect, Official Journal of the
Florida Association of the American Institute
of Architects, is owned and published by the
Association, a Florida Corporation not for
profit. ISSN-0015-3907. It is published six
times a year at the Executive Office of the
Association, 104 East Jefferson St., Tallahas-
see, Florida 32302. Telephone (904) 222-7590.
Opinions expressed by contributors are not
necessarily those of the FA/AIA. Editorial
material may be reprinted only with the ex- Cover photo is of a drawing of the Costa do Sol by RTKL Associates, Inc.
press permission of Florida Architect.
Single copies, $4.00; Annual subscription,
$19.08. Third class postage.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990



Pioneer's Rustic Shake gives a
roof the beautiful life-like appear-
ance of hand-hewnwood shakes with
the practicality of durable concrete.
Unlike wood shakes, Pioneer
Concrete Tiles are 100% fireproof
and you'll never have to worry about
splitting, rotting or bug infestation.
The tiles are also available in an

amazingly realistic smooth slate finish.
But remember, Pioneer is the
only manufacturer of these great
looking tiles this side of the Rockies.


1340 S.W 34th Ave., Deerfield Beach, FL 33442. (305) 421-2077 *1-800-624-4152 *1300 Flora Ave., Hobe Sound, FL 33455 (407) 546-7112
10923 Enterprise Ave., Bonita Springs, FL 33923 (813) 992-3344.
Circe 8 on Reader Inquiry Card


Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street
Post Office Box 10388
Tallahassee, Florida 32302
Publisher/Executive Vice President
George A. Allen, CAE
Diane D. Greer
Assistant Publisher
Director of Advertising
Carolyn Maryland
Steven Nye
Design and Production
Peter Mitchell Associates, Inc.
Boyd Brothers Printers
Publications Committee
Roy Knight, AIA, Chairman
Henry Alexander, AIA
Keith Bailey, AIA
Gene Leedy, AIA
Will Morris, AIA
Don Sackman, AIA
H. Dean Rowe, FAIA
Editorial Board
Ivan Johnson, AIA
Dave Fronczak, AIA
Roy Knight, AIA
Larry M. Schneider, AIA
25 Seabreeze
Delray Beach, FL 33483
Vice President/President-elect
Raymond L. Scott, AIA
601 S. Lake Destiny Road
Maitland, FL 32751
Bruce Balk, AIA
290 Coconut Avenue
Sarasota, Florida 34236
Past President
H. Dean Rowe, FAIA
100 Madison Street
Tampa, Florida 33602
Regional Directors
John M. Barley, AIA
5345 Ortega Boulevard
Jacksonville, Florida 32210
James A. Greene, FAIA
254 Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 1147
Oviedo, Florida 32765
Sr. Vice President/Membership
Services Commission
John Tice, AIA
909 East Cervantes
Pensacola, Florida 32501
Vice President/Membership
Services Commission
Ross Spiegel, AIA
2701 West Oakland Park Blvd., Suite 300
Oakland Park, Florida 33311
Sr. Vice President/
Public Affairs Commission
Henry C. Alexander, AIA
Smith Korach Hayet Haynie
175 Fontainbleau Road
Miami, Florida 33172
Vice President/
Public Affairs Commission
Joseph Garcia, AIA
3300 S.W. Archer Road
Gainesville, Florida 32608


The holidays are here again. Thanksgiving is a week
or two away and Christmas is right on its heels.
Please consider giving Florida Architect to valuable
clients and friends. It's a gift that enhances the profession
and spreads the word about the design excellence that
Florida architects have to offer. There's a card attached to
this issue. Fill it out and send it back to us right away.
Our promise is to publish six issues of Florida Architect
during 1991 that will serve the profession well.
I am very proud, as is Carolyn Maryland, to tell you
that Florida Architect received the highest award possible
in the 1990 Florida Magazine Awards. The magazine re-
ceived a "Charlie" Award 1st Place in Overall Excel-
lence for association magazines with advertising. In addi-
tion, the advertising media kit received an award, as did
one of our recent covers. We are very proud of the
magazine and we continue to believe that it is only as
great as the material that is published in it. In short, if
there was not excellent architecture being produced,
Florida Architect would not be the magazine it is today.
After eleven years as editor, I can tell you that the level
of excellence in the submitted projects (and we receive
many more than we can actually publish) continues to
increase each year. Thank you for sharing your work with
us so that we can share it with our readers.
Happiest of holidays from the staff of Florida
Architect. DG

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990

Strength For Building Classics

The 2nd Century Romans and 20th Century visionaries share the
desire to create efficient and enduring buildings of great beauty.
As the Pantheon and the Baths of Caracalla, today's structures can
also endure as architectural classics.
Precast/prestressed concrete, used with innovative architectural
concepts, is the secret behind creating many of today's classics.
Southern Prestressed is the largest producer of precast/prestressed
concrete in the Southeast and brings both experience and innovation
to the creative process.
To a project's construction process, Southern Prestressed brings
a virtually unmatched production capacity, range of products and
speed of delivery. The strength and magnitude of the production
facilities are augmented by the ability to deliver and erect directly
from the truck,day or night. By building with Southern Prestressed,
cost-efficiency is assured.

We invite you to contact our corporate offices to receive additional
information on achieving both structural and functional objectives,
aesthetically, rapidly and cost-effectively,

Southern Prestressed, Inc.
PO. Box 5539
Tampa, Florida 33675
(813) 623-6305
(813) 623-6406 FAX

A Division of LOHJA, Inc.

Rely On Our Strength

Circle 20 on Reader Inquiry Card


Architects Gear Up For
Americans With
Disabilities Act

On July 26, 1990, President Bush
signed into law the Americans With
Disabilities Act (ADA), a civil rights
bill destined to change the way we
think about and work in buildings.
The ADA is designed to prohibit dis-
crimination in the workplace against
persons with disabilities, an esti-
mated 43 million Americans.
Designing buildings that are ac-
cessible to persons with disabilities
means better buildings for every-
one, a concept known among archi-
tects as "universal design."The bill
requires that most new buildings,
and buildings that are renovated,
be designed so that they are acces-
sible to persons with disabilities.
Existing buildings that do not un-
dergo extensive alteration do not
have to meet ADA requirements, but
their owners will have to make
changes that are "readily achiev-
able," that is, changes that are easy
to do and are not prohibitively ex-
pensive. An example of a readily
achievable change is the addition
of a ramp for wheelchair users.
Architects across the country are
gearing up to meet the design chal-
lenges in new and innovative ways
that will best serve the building's
users. Disabilities defined in the
ADA include: orthopedic, visual,
speech and hearing impairments and
diseases including cerebral palsy,
epilepsy, heart disease, diabetes,
cancer and mental and psychologi-
cal disorders, including recovery
from alcoholism.
While it typically is more expen-
sive to retrofit an existing building
to be accessible, innovative solu-
tions can save the economic day for
specific projects. The Job Accom-
modation Network of America
(JAN) has 26,000 different exam-
ples of accommodations that were
made in the workplace and 31% of
them cost nothing and 81% cost
less than $1,000. AIANews Service


unI-ot-L U



7167 INTERFACE RD., W. PALM BEACH, FL 33407 (407) 844-5202
39 WEST LANDSTREET RD.. ORLANDO, FL 32824 (407) 859-9117
6937 ROGERS LAKE RD.. UTHONIA-ATLANTA, GA 30058 (404) 482-6466
1400 EAST 39th ST., CHATTANOOGA, TN 37407 (615)867-4510
3201 FRANKLIN LIMESTONE RD., NASHVILLE, TN 37013 (615)834-1207
Circle 11 on Reader Inquiry Card

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990






" ~i~t~
~.1 '" :



BROWARD (305)523-1312 DADE (305)949-8700 WEST PALM (407)833-0266
Circle 18 on Reader Inquiry Card FAX (305)764-1395



"Style"... An Essay by J. West, AIA

Style in architecture has been
discussed for centuries by ar-
chitects, historians and critics in
order to define and categorize the
tendency of several buildings of
importance to share the same tradi-
tions, elements and other charac-
teristics. And, as styles change,
new styles must be understood in
relationship to social and environ-
mental patterns and new technolog-
ical advances, and they must be
compared and related to the past.
Yesterday, today and tomorrow,
the inherent dichotomy of architec-
ture, as both an art form and a spe-
cific solution to a specific problem,
places it in quite a different context
than any of the other arts. At the
same time, the intimate relation-
ships between all of the arts at a
particular time strongly suggests
that the contemporary pivotal forces
of society bear on and strongly in-
fluence all of the arts in very simi-
lar ways.
Buildings of the past allow us
the luxury of examining and ex-
periencing them with fewer pre-
judices than we apply to newly
created buildings. Even so, we al-
most never see monuments of the
past without preconceptions molded
by familiarity with drawings and
photographs, reading of their great-
ness (or lack thereof) or being
lectured to regarding the assess-
ments (and preconceptions) of the
And so a complete lack of bias
in architectural criticism is unat-
tainable. What else is new?
No matter. Some of us are sensi-
tive to beauty. Some of us have
read about and experienced archi-
tectural places, both good and bad.
Many of us, having shared similar
educational and first-hand viewing
experiences, have come to remark-
ably dissimilar opinions regarding
style and what constitutes fine art
in architecture. This critical confu-
sion is particularly prevalent today.
The history of form in art was
largely constant and consistent
throughout the many diverse regions
and political entities of the world
up until about the advent of the In-
dustrial Revolution. The Industrial

Revolution did not change art di-
rectly; rather it changed society and
art inevitably followed. Patronage
by the educated elite (with the ex-
ception of church patronage) has
largely disappeared along with the
past leadership whose only claim
to power was birth or conquest. A
true revolution it was, and in the
field of art we have witnessed no-
thing short of a concurrent revolu-
tion . and an even more violent
Old traditions do not die easily
and while the world of art was
being constantly shocked and ex-
cited by the avant-garde creations
of style, the imitation of historical
styles replaced the previous slow
evolution of new, valid and life-
giving styles. The re-use of old and
unrelated forms from the past be-
came known as "eclecticism." Great
works of art, whether they be archi-
tecture or any other fine art, must
inevitably be judged by their own
singular life-giving forces of design
and craftsmanship. The creative
artist (i.e., the creative architect)
cannot be limited by any rules or
design guidelines, no matter how
enlightened. There will be many
who criticize the final result and
justify precepts which appear to be
embodied in the design, or casti-
gate design elements which im-
pinge on the critic's own personal
design principles. Do not be mis-
led by these aftershocks of critical
acclaim or outrage. The real impor-
tance lies in the work of art and the
responsibility rests solely on the in-
dividual creative artist (architect)
and his or her assistants.
The revolutionary modern archi-
tects did not dispute the greatness
of historic architecture to its own
era (although, Frank Lloyd Wright
stated that the architecture of west-
ern civilization was pretty much
worthless except for French
Gothic and almost anything built in
Italy). They believed that the new
materials, the new technologies
and the new societies forged by the
new equality of man demanded new,
more rational solutions to building
and urban planning than were avail-
able through the re-use of historic

styles. In the beginning of the 20th
century a potpourri of new styles
were formulated including "Art
Nouveau," "Constructionism,"
"De Stijl," "Art Deco" and finally,
a European phenomenon, the "Inter-
national Style."
Concurrent with the advent of
the International Style in Europe,
several American architects were
originating what might have been
a new, valid and richly significant
style in the United States. From its
colonial beginnings to the emer-
gence of the new republic, the
United States quite logically based
its new architecture upon the En-
glish and European models with
which it was familiar. Some archi-
tects, working in historical styles
began to enrich their designs with
truly original solutions to the ar-
chitectural requirements of a new
continent in a new age.
The beginnings of this new style
could be seen in the great new rail-
way stations, libraries, public
buildings, residences and commer-
cial buildings designed by tradi-
tionally-educated architects like
Louis Sullivan and H.H. Richard-
son. The achievements of these
Americans coalesced in the work
of a singular American architec-
tural genius, Frank Lloyd Wright,
who called his new style "Organic
Architecture." His architecture was
known and admired even by the
originators of the International
Style a style he himself
The International Style captured
two generations of American archi-
tects and became the dominant
style of emerging, influential com-
mercial architecture throughout the
world. It was an irrational style
(based upon rationalism), and as a
style it failed from the beginning.
This is not to say that great modern
buildings have not been built, but
they were designed by individual
creative architects. Le Corbusier,
for example, proposed prototype
architectural solutions to both
housing and city planning, namely
large nearly identical buildings on
stilts with rooftop usage set in a sea
.of nature and highways. His con-

cepts were socialistic nightmares,
but his buildings (and paintings)
were unique, one-of-a-kind crea-
tions of extraordinary beauty and
Mies Van Der Rohe, a modern
pioneer with no formal architec-
tural training, became the origina-
tor of a personal style which was
emulated by more architects
worldwide than any other modern
architect. Although he admired
Frank Lloyd Wright, he was essen-
tially a minimalist and a purist who
believed above all else in sim-
plicity and visual structural clarity.
He made the glass box avant-garde
and he seemed to solve that most
American of buildings the
The International Style had easily
won its race against the fledgling
organic architecture of Frank Lloyd
Wright, but it had begun to run its
course. How could a style so bereft
of reason continue to be pursued
because of its claim of rationality?
Enter post-modernism.
To put the record straight, none
of the really gifted modern archi-
tects paid any more than lip service
to the Inernational Style. Eero
Saarinen, before his untimely
death, explored more than any
other 20th century architect except
Frank Lloyd Wright, the potential
of a new style for his time. His
TWATerminal at John E Kennedy
Airport in New York City probably
contained one of the most beautiful
interiors of the 20th century and his
Dulles Airport Building in Chan-
tilly, Virginia (1956-62 and 1958-
62 respectively) is one of the most
successful, monumental exteriors.
All of Frank Lloyd Wright's great
buildings were original creations of
a gifted architect who borrowed no-
thing from the International Style.
Louis Kahn's best buildings pro-
vided continuity between the great
historic architecture of the past,
technological tenets of the Interna-
tional Style and the creative genius
to solve contemporary problems
with contemporary solutions. His
Kimbell Art Museum in Fort Worth,
Texas, built in 1972, is particularly
noteworthy for these reasons.
Continued on page 34

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990


The 1990 FA/AIA Unbuilt Design Awards brought 123 projects
before a distinguished jury of Florida architects Robert C. Broward, AIA, Mark Hampton, FAIA, and Peter Rumpel, FAIA.
Meeting in Jacksonville at the offices of KBJ, the jury premeated the following six projects.

Sawgrass Education Complex/Sawgrass Regional Park Coral Springs, Florida

Sasaki Associates, Inc.
Marilys Nepomechie, AIA -

Structural Engineer
Riva Klein & Partners

SOM Consulting Engineers

Civil Engineer Z A q
Williams Hatfield Stoner, Inc.

The program called foranin- .. _. .~
terpretive center to be located at X. '. 14. -
the northernmost edge of the
Florida Everglades and serving as NV
a point for the study and contem- *
plation of that which Florida Poet '
Marjorie Stoneman Douglas has
called Florida's "Sea of Grass."
Imagery for the observation
complex derives largely from a '-
memory and tradition of South
Florida lighthouses. These are .
often steel structures whose filig-
ree detailing forms a silhouette of -' ..
simultaneous fragility and
strength. Traditional Florida light-
houses have a scale and character
that are a mixture of residential and
industrial since lighthouses fre-
quently served both functions in
their role as final outposts.
The design solution for the in-
terpretive center separates its vari-
ous program functions into distinct
building components. These smal-
ler structures inhabit the swamp
land environment and are con-
nected to one another by a bridge ..-
30 feet above the sawgrass which .8 -,
acts as the first observation plat- -
form level.
As the sole manmade intrusion
in an otherwise untouched natural -- ~ ,
environment, the education com- -
plex is self-consciously geometri-
cally precise in both plan and
section. The design proposes that
the buildings be colored bright red
and violet to stress their arti-
ficiality and contrast them with the

10 FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990

? .
.~, .;?-~lr i~..-.
~. . .-
'..-..; -~ -'' C ;'
C ''


: .

~ ~-'-.~


' 1~





IF II~~. y~'
I- i~-.-
,z -": : : .; .. ; -:,

I:"~ i ~` -!~"'';~~'
. .

"'~' ~ .. ' i
. ~ :-

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990


~l:i~ j

-i .' 13:
i~:i .;~,t~z: :





I;i \
'*~~.; '"
; .


-' r

? ;

r : :



$ :~;
;:~ ~

6'~i~: .






:; '~:-i

"" ':, 7





Fort Myers Regional Service Center

Fort Myers, Florida

Rowe Holmes Hammer Russell
Tampa, Florida

Architectural Consultant
Parker/Mudgett/Smith Architects,

Space Planning Consultant
Associated Space Design

Structural Engineer
Rast Associates, Inc.

Mechanical/Electrical Engineer
LWSM, Florida, Inc.

Civil Engineer
Butler Engineering, Inc.

This government office building
is situated on a two-block, seven-
acre site on the southern edge of a
downtown redevelopment core.
Since both blocks formerly con-
tained residential and small com-
mercial projects, many trees still
exist. Since both blocks have weak
sub-surface soil conditions, high
and mid-rise construction was pre-
cluded without extremely high
foundation costs.
The program calls for 232,000
square feet of office space plus
parking for 766 cars and a plan for
future expansion. The overall con-
struction budget is $25,500,000.
The client's goal was to produce a
building complex which is compat-
ible with the city, responsive to the
urban street edge, functional and
friendly to its tenants and visitors
and serviceable and easy to main-
tain throughout its life.
Within a variety of constraints
and opportunities, a modern three-
story building emerged which is re-
sponsive to the climate and land-
scape of the region. The scale-re-
ducing devices that were used to
make the building harmonious
with its low scale neighbors were
broad overhanging sloping roofs,

a continuous horizontal clerestory
and the manipulation of a 60-foot
building bay in both the footprint
and elevation. Two "buildings"
were connected by an octagonal
entrance rotunda forming an inner
courtyard to save existing speci-
men trees. This space also pro-
vided a pleasant outdoor room for
use by building tenants.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990



FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990


_ ~ ~~


President's House, University of South Florida Tampa, Florida

Gene Leedy
Winter Haven, Florida t I. .. .. ..,

This house fulfills the dual roles ~.
of being both public and a private ',..
building. In addition to housing. . .
the President and his or her family,
the building will accommodate the
multitude of public functions
which the President is required to
This is a classic contemporary
house with an "antebellum charac-
ter evoking traditional imagery." It
was designed for the Florida cli-
mate with the use of outdoor
spaces and eight foot overhangs.
The house is simple and avoids all
current cliches and it has a number
of unusual spaces and vistas.
The structural system consists of
a prestressed/precast concrete sys-
tem with fluted masonry unit infill
designed to be painted white. -*.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990



FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990



Residence for Chapman J. Root, II Ormond Beach, Florida

William Morgan Architect

Consulting Engineer -'
Bill Simpson & Associates

Interior Designer
Pasanella + Klein

The 80-foot wide site's dominant t i
view is toward the Atlantic Ocean
to the east. Neighboring one and
two-story houses lie near the north
and south property lines. Zoning
restricts new construction to a
maximum height of 30 feet. .
The client requires a place for in- M E
formal entertainment and daily liv-
ing, an area for formal receptions, ". -
a wind-protected garden inshore, a -
swimming pool and terrace facing
the beach, extensive landscaping,
two bedroom suitable for guests, a
large dining room, a secluded
study, spaces to display artworks
and artifacts and an exhibition
space for several of the owner's ex-
traordinary automobiles.
To gain additional building
height, the site was excavated five
feet. Arriving from the main road, .
the visitor leaves his car in a land-
scaped parking area and proceeds
east to the entry court. Here one
finds a pavilion exhibiting several
vehicles. The garden wall guides
the visitor to the main entry and
from the foyer, a bridge leads north
through the two-story high gallery
to the library. Below the bridge,
the refectory is flanked by a walled
garden to the west and pools and
terraces to the east. From the foyer,
stairs ascend to the study and roof-
top crow's nest. I
On pile support, concrete
masonry unit walls support wood
framed floors and roofs above
grade. Exposed fluted concrete
masonry was used for exterior
walls. Natural stone pavers on con-
crete slabs appear on pool terraces,
balconies and lower level interiors.
Tempered structural glass vertical
fins reinforce the refectory's large
glass wall. o.

Tv : '
~F``. i l



Prototype High School Palm Beach Gardens, Florida

Peacock + Lewis Architects and Planners

The client requested a campus
design that would easily adapt to
various sites, allow for strong vis-
ual orientation and control of stu-
dents and that was organized to
create a strong sense of place on
campus with an image that would
stand proud in the community
This 340,000 square foot proto-
type high school serves grades
nine through 12 with core facilities
for 2,500 students to be built on
various sites having a minimum of hit
60 acres. The building program re-
quirements included general class-
rooms, science labs, computer
labs, state of the art media center,
auditorium with full height work-
ing stage and specialized voca-
tional education labs. The site pro-
gram consisted of athletic fields,
play courts, and student, faculty
and visitor parking.
Construction consists of stan-
dard spread footings, reinforced
concrete frame with concrete -
masonry unit infill and two color
brick banded veneer. A life cycle
cost analysis resulted in the selec-
tion of low maintenance materials. s
Passive energy design elements
include the use of natural ventila-
tion at all student-occupied instruc-
tional spaces, open air covered
walkways in lieu of air-conditioned ---- --
corridors and high efficiency glaz-
ing and insulating materials. The
energy management system incor-
porates photo cells, time clocks
and individual area switching to
confine energy consumption to in-
use areas.

FLRIDA ARCHITECT Noveber/December 1990

,, FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990

IU I A m1i AlWA lRDS

Costa do Sol Oeiras, Portugal

RTKL Associates, Inc.

With its acceptance into the
European Economic Community,
Portugal is experiencing spectacu-
lar growth, much of it concentrated
in the countryside around Lisbon.
This 240,000 square foot retail pro-
ject represents a study on the site
of a new inland thoroughfare con-
necting the city of Lisbon to the
northeastern coastal towns of
Oieras, Estoril, Cascais, Sintra
and others.
Proposed by a Brazilian de-
veloper to serve the residents of
Oeiras, the project is comprised of
a hypermarket, department stores,
retail shops, food market and an
entertainment component.
The project's farmland site en-
compasses a great deal of topog- .
raphy at the edge of a river valley.
Its dramatic grade slopes toward a
new highway and river valley
which provide excellent visibility,
but difficult access. An occasional
country farm or quinta punctuates (.
the rolling countryside around
Oeiras. The buildings in this pro- B
ject were massed at the crest of the
hill, positioned so that the larger
hypermarket is tucked on the up-
hill side, above and behind the rest
of the project and accessible to the
nearby village. Two-level struc-
tured parking and lower-level re-
serves serve the hypermarket effec-
tively and accommodate the grade
The retail elements were sculpted
to emulate a cluster of individual
quinta-like buildings on the hill-
side, with forms, patterns and
materials derived from regional
rural architecture. The body of the
two-level retail center parallels the
grade, carving into the hillside top approach, the retail elements
only enough to provide upper and form a delightful rooftop garden
lower-level parking. The lower- animated by small pavilions which
level parking is edged by a battery are, in fact, skylights for the retail
of fieldstone walls, which screen center below. The rooftop garden
the parked cars from the adjacent also embraces specialty restaurants
thoroughfare and enhance the loft that enjoy spectacular countryside
of the hilltop cluster. From the hill- views.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990 21


Pasadena Community Church

St. Petersburg, Florida

Harvard and Jolly, Architects AIA
(now Harvard, Jolly, Marcet and
Associates, Architects, P.A., AIA
St. Petersburg, Florida
William B. Hayvard and
Blanchard E. Jolly,
Principal Designers

The Pasadena Community
Church was completed in 1960 and
stands today a tribute to an out-
standing and distinctive architec-
tural design that has withstood the
test of time for 30 years. The
2,500-seat church continues to be
a contemporary work of architec-
ture while retaining the dramatic
and uplifting spirit of a church.
The design of the sanctuary ful-
filled all of the project requirements.
The unusual shape, generated by
those needs, provides not only an
exciting space that functions well
for religious and concert activities,
but also possesses a unique and
timeless design. The basic roof
shape has excellent structural and
acoustical qualities and its low pro-
file helps it to blend with the exist-
ing buildings.
The original program called for
a sanctuary that would comforta-
bly seat 2,500 people and also
function as an auditorium of op-
timum acoustical quality with
facilities for radio, television and
stage lighting. The Minister
wanted to feel that he could
whisper and yet reach out and be
heard by the person in the congre-
gation sitting farthest away. In ad-
dition, the client wanted the con-
gregation to feel like they were in
an outdoor surrounding, sitting in
a palm garden.
The 75-foot height of the main
sanctuary provides a soaring qual-
ity desirable for religious worship,
yet a feeling of intimacy is gained
by the low ceiling at the room's
covers. This roof shape contrib-
utes to the optimum acoustical
properties of the room. Seating is
at ground level, as requested by the
client, and was achieved by a re-

K P----.. -.t,:--

verse incline floor. A close re-
lationship with the natural sur-
roundings is maintained by glass
walls extending to the ceiling.
Another design feature is the exten-
sive use of reflecting pools sur-
rounding the building.
There has been no exterior
maintenance required for 30 years
due to the use of copper fascias
over the six-foot wide glass ex-
terior walls and a standing seam ~
metal roof which was painted to a
match the existing buildings'
Spanish tile roofs. The sanctuary
has not been at all altered since
construction in 1960.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990 23


The New

Individual Non-Cancellable

Disability Program

Endorsed by Your

Guaranteed renewable
Level premiums
Long term benefits
No group increases
Pays for total and partial disability
in your occupation as an Architect
and/or loss of income
Premium discount to membership
Liberal underwriting

H. Leslie Walker, FAIA
Chairman, FA/AIA Insurance Trust

For more information call
Shirley Sandler, CLU
Southern Benefits LTD
or mail coupon below
DI Form 686 Circle 36 on Reader Inquiry Card
Mail to:
name Shirley Sandier, CLU
address _Southern Benefits LTD
2424 N. Federal Highway
Suite 366
Boca Raton, FL 33431
birthdate nhone

best time to call


Perma Crete'" Stucco is a quality-
controlled, pre-blended portland cement
and selected aggregate composition
which includes a waterproofing agent,
fade-resistant pigments, and other chemi-
cal combinations to provide a long-
lasting finish.
Perma Crete's finish coat is color
through so there is never a need to paint.
Available in white and many beautiful
colors, it can be trowel applied or sprayed
for either a textured or smooth finish.
The butteryconsistencymakes it easier
to apply and its greater spread gives extra
coverage making it more economical.
All components meet the standards
set forth in
for stucco.
Coverage is
6-9 yards per PERMA
80poundbag. CRETET

For further information write or call C.L. INDUSTRIES, INC.
PO. Box 13704, 8188 South Orange Avenue, Orlando, Florida 32859-3704
(407) 851-2660; 1-800-333-2660; FAX: (407) 240-2743 Cirle 26 on Reader Inquiry Card


i p a-.s.n% 111111111111111lllslllllf

SINCE 1974

LICENSE #U-10179
Circle 24 on Reader Inquiry Card

Harris &

Construction Cost Consultants

Our staff includes:
* C/S/A Estimators
* Mechanical Estimators
* Electrical Estimators

Let us become a
member of your
design team.

Largest Cost Consultant
in the Carolinas

Estimating experience in:
* State-Funded Projects
* University Structures
* Residential Projects
* Commercial Projects
* Multi-Family Housing

Mailing Address
RO. Box 423066
Kissimmee, FL 34742-3066

Circle 12 on Reader Inquiry Card

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990


0- -


Fire-Rated Glazing: The Complexion Is Changing

by Jerry Razwick

F or decades, the only glazing
option for fire-rated locations
in commercial buildings has been
wire glass. With the introduction of
new products, however, the com-
plexion of fire-rated glazing is chang-
ing and some of these changes are
bringing to lght major developments
in how fire-rated products are tested
and installed.
Fire protection became an issue
in the 1940s following a rash of fire-
related fatalities and the ground-
work was laid for more effective
regulation through building codes.
Over the years, the challenge in
commercial buildings has been to
create openings in doors, corridors,
etc. for the purpose of lighting and
visual access which, in the event
of fire, would help fire fighters and
others looking for escape determine
where the fire has spread without
opening the barrier or door.
The key to fire protection is com-
partmentalization keeping fire
and smoke contained in a specific
area. As a result, all materials de-
signed for use in fire-rated loca-
tions must withstand extremely
high temperatures.
In the architectural and plan re-
view process, areas in a building
are assigned a 20-, 45-, 60-, 90-
minute, two-, three- or four-hour
rating depending on the degree of
fire protection required. The assem-
blies constructed in these locations
must then carry a fire-rating of equal
or greater value.
In general, the more easily an area
can be exited, the lower the rating.
Other factors, such as type of occu-
pancy and local hazards can substan-
tially increase a fire-rating. Building
codes in North America require that
all products in the fire-rated assem-
bly pass code conforming tests
conducted by testing laboratories
such as Warnock Hersey or Under-
writers Laboratories and bear certi-
fication labels from the lab. During
the tests, glazing products are in-
stalled in special frames and sub-
jected, on one side, to a furnace fire
which reaches a heat of 1638 degrees
Fahrenheit for a 45-minute rating,
1700 degrees for a 60-minute rating

and 1925 degrees for a three-hour
Immediately following the test,
the assembly is impacted, eroded
and cooled and with water. Water
pressure at the base of the nozzle
runs 30 pounds per square inch for
45, 60, 90 and 120-minute ratings
and 45 pounds per square inch for
three-hour or higher ratings. The
duration of the hose steam test in-
creases as the area and/or rating of
the assembly increases.
There are three main glazing prod-
ucts able to achieve a fire-rating in
North America: wire glass, Contra-
flam and FireLite.
Wire glass randomly cracks two
or three minutes into the fire test
with the wire acting as a webbing
to hold the cracked glass in place.
Labeled wire glass carries a 45-min-
ute rating in sizes to 1,296 square
inches when properly installed in
labeled fire-rated frames and glazed
with compounds in accordance with
the tested assembly. Although many
building inspectors consider wire
glass a safety product, it actually
breaks more readily than plain un-
wired annealed. The wire can also
act like a spider web and catch a
victim rather than allowing him to
pass to safety.
Marketed as a fire-rated door or
wall, Contraflam is an insulating
glass unit made in Germany and con-
sisting of two or more layers of tem-
pered glass. In a fire, its gel turns
an opaque white and will retard radi-
ant heat. Although its unique de-
sign requires a special framing sys-
tem, it is the only fire-rated glazing
material to carry a safety rating.
Depending on the thickness and
number of gel layers, it carries a
fire-rating of 30,60 and 90 minutes
in sizes to 4 feet by 7 feet.
The third glazing option is a clear
glass ceramic made in Japan called
FireLite. It has an extremely low
coefficient of expansion which keeps
it from breaking when cooling is
rapid. Although it has substantially
more impact resistance than wire
glass, it is not considered a safety
glass. Just 3/16 of an inch thick, it
fits standard fire-rated frames. Listed

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990


by both Underwriters and Warnock,
FireLite carries the current maxi-
mum rating allowed by code of 90
minutes in sizes up to 100 square
inches and 60 minutes in sizes to
1,296 square inches when properly
installed in labeled, fire-rated frames
or doors using approved glazing
With such stringent testing pro-
cedures in place for fire-rated glaz-
ing, it is rather ironic that strict reg-
ulation is not-required with regard
to installation. Much of the confu-
sion stems from a lack of consis-
tency in building codes and their
For example, in some parts of
the country, codes do not state that
wire glass will be used only to the
maximum size tested for a specific
rating (at UL, that might be 1,296
sq. in. for a 45-min rating). The
code simply says, "use wire glass."
Building codes have been in exis-
tence for thousands of years, but
like most things, they lack univer-
sal standardization and are subject
to interpretation by some authority.
NFPA 80 (the Standard for Fire
Doors and Windows) is one of the
installation standards which con-
forms to UL's testing results. NFPA
80 is reflected in all major national
and regional Model Building Codes
and develops criteria for testing
procedures used by UL and other
testing agencies. Final authority for
developing and enforcing building
codes and fire regulations, how-
ever, rests with local code officials
whose guidelines can in fact over-
ride or reverse NFPA standards.
Addressing the issue of maximum
sizes, the 1990 edition of NFPA 80,
Section 1-7.4 states, "Each indivi-
dual glazing unit shall be perma-
nently identified with a listing mark.
The listing mark shall be visible
after installation."
Unlike wire glass, FireLite and
Contraflam currently have perma-
nent labels containing the appro-
priate testing agency logos affixed
to each piece of cut glass supplied
to dealers. If permanent labels are
required on all fire-rated glazing ma-
terials after installation, the use of
wire glass in sizes larger than tested
would certainly decrease. However,
such labels have been soundly re-
jected by the glass industry.

With litigation a common threat
in the United States, lack of aware-
ness on the part of the glass indus-
try, either about codes or installation
procedures, is not an acceptable or
affordable practice. All profession-
als involved in the construction or
reconstruction of buildings includ-
ing developers, architects, speci-

fiers, contractors and glass dealers
need to take responsibility for fa-
miliarizing themselves with specific
codes used in their area as well as
testing results to ensure that fire-
rated glass is installed within the
maximum size it was tested for,
with proper fire-rated frames and
glazing compounds.

The author is President of Techni-
cal Glass Products and is consi-
dered an expert in the glass indus-
try and is a frequent speaker for
architectural, glass, government
and fire protection association
meetings nationwide.




6060 S.W. 26 STREET
MIAMI, FL 33155

Circle 23 on Reader Inquiry Card

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990



AIA Members Save Money
On AIA Documents.
Order Today.

Florida Association/
American Institute of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street
P.O. Box 10388
Tallahassee, Florida 32302
FAX: (904)- 224-8048 (credit card only)
Tel: (904) 222-7590
Ask for Scarlett Rhodes

m ft p efnstaftot byQeSurtb c ioln r t
S_9tt ...

* UnvbemopbeFBBfipim
SExcllent Sound Attenuation
* Monolitic Contruction
_ Distrbor/Insales throughout Florid

Contact In Lakeland

Eleven Tolbot Avenue. Rankun PA 9104
SPHOQE: 412/354-3913
TW:: 7,0-64-4424
cfta aeonsaMr hilMa cuw

For more information about
Kohler Plumbing Products
see these Kohler distributors:

Lawrence Plumbing
Supply Company
5700 W. Flagler St.
Miami, Florida 33144
(305) 266-3338

31 S.W. 57th Avenue
Miami, Florida 33144
(305) 266-1571

405 N. Flagler Avenue
Homestead, Florida 33030
(305) 248-7020

8712 S.W. 129th St.
Miami, Florida 33176
(305) 251-7022
Wool Plumbing
DMtrsuors of Pumbng
and Decoratve Hardare

5910 Shiriey St
(off Pine Ridge Rd.)
Naples, Florida 33942
(813) 597-8155
1321 NE 12th Avenue
R. Lauderdale, Florida 33304
(305) 763-3632
4340 SW 74th Avenue
Miami, Florida 33155
(305) 266-7111

6778 N. Military Trail
West Palm Beach, FL 33407
(305) 863-7788

chdoe 6 on Reade Inquy Can

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990

Choosing Sides
Hexsign'Lavatory and TaboretFaucet. Side with better design and color
on your next project. Kohler's distinctive shapes and exciting color range are
not just for residential use. Enameled cast iron fixtures and cast brass faucets
stand up to heavy usage in commercial applications. The cost stays within
budget. And everyone knows Kohler's reputation for quality.
When you can have so many designs in so many colors, why go white?
Make your project look as good as it functions, by simply choosing Kohler.

Natural gas technology for new homes... it's the right choice.
Today's home buyers want savings. Natural gas appliances
use up to 50 percent less energy than electric alternatives,
which saves power for everyone.
Today's home buyers want things to last. A natural gas
furnace and high-efficiency central air-conditioning system
is more economical, efficient and reliable, and provides
greater living comfort than an all-electric heat pump. It also
lasts longer.
Today's home buyers want options. Homes with natural
gas offer a greater variety of luxury features, such as vent
fireplaces, island cooktops, gas grills and outdoor lighting.
Today's home buyers want clean air. Clean-burning,
energy saving natural gas technology means preserving
Florida's fragile environment... now and for the future.
Make the right choice. Call your natural gas company
today. Because when it comes to choosing new homes,
today's smart buyers want homes with natural gas.

Natural gas is good for Florida.

America's Best
Energy Value

SFlorida Natural Gas Association
PO. Box 533432
Orlando, FL 32853

Circle 10 on Reader Inquiry Card

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990

New Products and Services

BACIX: The Building and
Construction Information
Joseph Dennis and Thomas Mar-
tineau founded Productivity House
as a Florida Corporation in 1988
for the purpose of providing man-
agement consulting and research
services to private and public sector
clients in the building design and
construction industry. Since that
time, Productivity House has been
fortunate in serving a diverse group
of individual clients, including 3M
Company, Battelle Memorial Insti-
tute, Shimizu Corporation, AMP,
Inc., Nippon Steel Corporation,
and Diener Steinhaus GmbH, KG
& Co.
From the outset of the Productiv-
ity House venture, Dennis and Mar-
tineau have attempted to create and
offer to the building community
various tools and programs to en-
hance productivity, profitability
and competitiveness. BACIX is the
first such industry-wide concept
which has now reached the imple-
mentation stage.
Joseph Dennis brings nearly
forty years of diverse construction
management and real estate devel-
opment expertise to the company.
He has a Civil Engineering degree
from Georgia Tech and a Master of
Business Adminisration from Har-
vard. He is a certified general con-
tractor and licensed real estate broker
in Florida, and has for the past
seven years served as a management
consultant to numerous companies
in the building design and construc-
tion industry.
Thomas Martineau, AIA, is a
registered architect in Florida with
over twenty years of experience in
architectural and construction re-
search. He holds Bachelor and Mas-
ter of Architecture degrees from
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. He
served as a Research Associate with
the New York State University Con-
struction Fund, and as Manager of
Construction and Facility Planning
Research at Battelle Columbus
Laboratories. He is currently Direc-
tor of the Institute for Building Sci-
ences at Florida A&M University.

As an expert in international trends
in technical and non-technical areas
of construction, he has conducted
world-wide studies of construction
robotics, intelligent buildings
technology, product needs for build-
ing rehabilitation, and trends in the
design of industrial research and de-
velopment laboratories.
How does BACIX work?
One of the best ways to get ideas for
the solution to a problem is to ask
your colleagues and competitors
if they've had the same or a similar
problem, and how they handled it -
they are the people who have strug-
gled with the same issues and con-
cerns, and who have faced the same
challenges as you. However, you
shouldn't have to reveal your busi-
ness shortcomings and vulnerabili-
ties in the process. BACIX offers
you access to other people in our in-
dustry without losing face or privacy.
Here is how: Productivity House,
Inc. maintains a central location for
the exchange of information called
the Building and Construction Infor-
mation Exchange BACIX. As a
BACIX member, you can send as
many problem descriptions as you
wish to Productivity House. You
need not identify yourself or your
company on any of these problem
descriptions. Your problems will be
sent to all BACIX members for their
suggestions and ideas. Their re-
sponses, in turn, will be sent to you
and all other BACIX members.
What makes you think people
will share their ideas and prob-
lem solutions?
It would be naive to assume that
you or any prudent business person
would readily give away trade se-
crets or information you believe
gives you a competitive edge. How-
ever, most people in our industry
are willing to share much valuable
information (a) if they feel it bene-
fits the whole industry, or (b) if they
feel others might be willing to pay
for the information, product or ser-
vice they offer as a potential prob-
lem solution.
What will each monthly report
At a minimum, each BACIX

MONTHLY you receive in the mail
will contain (1) a description of prob-
lems submitted by BACIX Mem-
bers, and (2) suggestions, ideas,
and comments submitted by other
BACIX members to problem de-
scriptions submitted during the pre-
vious month or earlier. The BACIX
MONTHLY may also contain infor-
mation from Productivity House on
ideas found from other sources, and
occasionally we may write an article
or editorial about an issue confront-
ing the industry. Articles submitted
by BACIX members may also be
How will you keep everything orga-
nized? Are you planning to use a
format like the CSI Classification
and publish an index periodically?
BACIX will be an international
information exchange. We will use
the alphabet for access to its files be-
cause it is the most universal classi-
fication system across cultures,
nations and industry members. We
will publish an index at least every
twelve months; more frequently if
needed. The problem statements ap-
pearing in each BACIX MONTHLY
will be numbered according to the
month and year of publication. For
example, 6-90-1 will be the first
problem statement in the BACIX
MONTHLY of June 1990. Each
problem statement will also be key-
worded for the aforementioned al-
phabetical index. The responses to
each problem statement will be
numbered sequentially and prefixed
by the problem statement number.
6-90-1-12 is response number twelve
to the first problem statement ap-
pearing in the BACIX MONTHLY
of June 1990. An index listing where
the responses to each problem state-
ment can be found will also be is-
sued annually or more frequently,
if needed.
What are some typical problem
statements you've received recently?
Questions come in concerning
every aspect of building design and
construction. Here is a typical ques-
tion. New materials and technolo-
gies are constantly being pushed
on us at trade shows and by sales
representatives. We are occasionally

persuaded to try an innovation when
it appears to have an appropriate ap-
plication on one of our projects.
However, many of our clients have
told us that they do not want their
buildings to serve as "experimental
laboratories for new products and
ideas," and therefore our attempts
to innovate are frustrated. Is there
no sensible way in our industry for
innovation withoutfear oflitigation?
Other recent inquiries have dealt
with franchising, office layout and
productivity, hiring an architect or
interior designer, searching for the
perfect paint, roof leaks, intelligent
buildings, codes and paying an ar-
chitect "not to design."
For more information, contact
Productivity House, Inc., 3476
Valley Creek Drive, Tallahassee,
FL 32312-3633 USA.

A High Performance
Wall Cladding

NEOPARIES is a glass ceramic
interior/exterior wall cladding,
similar in appearance to marble or
granite, but without maintenance
problems of natural dimensional
stone. Manufactured through a
unique crystallization process, its
features include a zero water absorp-
tion rate, flexural strength three
times higher than marble or granite
and exceptional durability. NEO-
PARIES' physical properties and
finished surfaces are impervious to
harsh environmental conditions in-
cluding smog and severe acid rain.
The installation of NEOPARIES
is similar to other thin slab stones,
when used as an anchored veneer.
For free literature information,
contact Steve Edwards, Technical
Sales Manager, N.E.G. America 1-

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990

building style and the option to in-
stall individually or continuous (both
types of flashings are included in
each carton).
Available in bone white for im-
mediate shipment, the Lo-Pro can

tensively. In such instances, a much
greater amount of BTU is required
to bring the steam room up to the
desired temperature quickly.
Each Super Series unit is light-
weight and easy to ship. Each gen-
erator package includes a 30-minute
timer and room temperature con-
troller. All models are UL listed and
For further information, contact
Dan Reinhart at 1-80076STEAM or
FAX the company at 1-718-937-4676.

be manufactured in any standard
Niff-Corr color. There are no mini-
mum orders.
Contact Niff-Corr for informa-
tion at 1260 20th Road, Tippecanoe,
IN 46570 or call 1-800-348-2027
or FAX (219) 353-8101.

Fantasy and
Imagination Available

Pacific Design Ventures is a
new company specializing in a wide
range of services ranging from the-
atrical sets and environments to
custom furniture and cabinetry. The
company, based in Nashville, Ten-
nessee, specializes in color matching
the furniture they make to fabrics,
carpets, etc., and they can build to
suit any dimension or color spec-
trum. Their furniture line is called
"Objects on the Edge -functional
The young company also special-
izes in the creative manufacturing
of theatrical interiors and custom
pieces and they are looking for ar-
chitects and designers who have a
need for specialty execution. Their
products can be shipped anywhere
with a comparatively short turn-

around time or the products can be
built on location.
For information, contact Pacific
Design Ventures, Box 25325, Nash-
ville, Tennessee 37202 or call

A Low-Profile Ridge

A ridge ventilator capable of ex-
hausting over 1100 cubic feet of air
per minute (when an equal amount
of intake air is provided) has been
developed and is available from
Each side of the ventilator is
capable of permitting the free exit
of approximately the same volume
of air without constriction. Other
benefits of the Lo-Pro I Ridge Ven-
tilator are louver slits on the side
to prevent snow and ice buildup,
attractive design to enhance any

High Capacity
Steam Bath Introduced

Three new models designated the
Super Series have been introduced
by Mr. Steam to add to its line of
steam bath generators. These new
generators are intended to fill the
gap between Mr. Steam's convert-
a-tub or shower into a steam room
unit, and its larger commercial
models designed to supply steam
to multi-user club and hotel steam
The new unit can be used to pro-
vide steam to larger personal steam
rooms, ranging from 450 to 650 cu-
bic feet in size, or to provide the
extra energy to smaller rooms where
marble or glass has been used ex-

New Viewing Device
for Doorway Safety

Door Spy, Inc. has introduced
the first, four-way viewing device
for apartment, office, institutional
and hotel room door security.
Traditional peepholes permit the
viewer to see a limited area in front
of the lens, and often the view is
distorted or blurred. Door Spy DS-5
permits the viewers to see forward,
below and left and right of the door,
for 20 feet or more 90% distortion-
free, by merely turning an easy-to-
manipulate eye piece.
Door Spy engineers perfected the
new viewing angles and developed
a vital, fixed, pyrex lens which main-
tains the fireproof integrity of doors.
Door Spy is made of durable plas-
tic and it is available in beige and
light gray. The unit comes fully as-
sembled and ready for installation.
To obtain quantity pricing or
product testing information, contact
Lisa Degnan at Door Spy, Inc., 11
East 47th St., New York, New York
10017, (212) 754-0030.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990

Express your imagination with



PO, Box 8325 / Pembroke Pines, FL 33024 / (305) 962-6884
FLORIDA: 800-940-4527 / NATIONAL: 800-456-7093 Circle 37 on Reader Inquiry Card

for that natural look.

Keystone is real Florida cut coral, a shell traver-
tine from the Florida Keys. Diamond sawed, cut
six sides to your specifications. A natural light
cream with rich tones of red-brown and black.

1414 N.W. 3rd Avenue / Florida City, FL 33034
(305) 245-4716
Circle 13 on Reader Inquiry Card

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990

Essay ... continued from page 9

But the good has now been re-
jected with the bad. The Architec-
tural Fashion Industry is now in
full swing. Johnson and Burgee's
AT&T Building in New York City
looks like a piece of period furni-
ture and, of course, Philip likes the
comparison. Michael Graves' Port-
land Public Services Building in
Portland, Oregon, is patently sec-
ond-rate. Lloyds Building in Lon-
don, designed by Richard Rogers,
tends to thrash the once architec-
tural splendor of London and even
Prince Charles was outraged.
Rogers then teamed with Piano to
design the Centre Pompidoue in
Paris. This building is a monument
to Pop Art and functions poorly,
but has attracted more tourists than
the EiffelTower! Still, a stylistic
maverick like Foster's Hong Kong
and Shanghai Bank is such an orig-
inal work of art and is so meticul-
ously detailed and put together that
we are once again reminded that
there are no rules. What really
counts is for a talented architect to
design a building and, in so doing,
create a work of art.
Exit post-modernism and enter
deconstructivism and historic revi-
val. But it takes great creative ar-
chitects, great clients and great
builders to combine their talents to
create a valid new style. Second
rate architects cannot create beauti-
ful composition by merely explod-
ing building elements into an array
of new forms. They can create a
happening and, at its best it can be-
come abstract sculpture satirizing
our society, but great architecture
is created by great architects. Like-
wise, it is easy for the mediocre ar-
chitect to be mesmerized into be-
lieving that it is easy to copy historic
models to borrow a detail here
and there from great buildings and
produce a great work of art. Robert
A.M. Stern has not done it and, of
course, it is not easy. It is nearly
impossible. Great architecture can
inspire great architecture, but great
architecture has never been suc-
cessfully copied. To copy the past
is to misunderstand how it was
created. To study and understand

the past; to identify the needs and
the means of the present; and to
synthesize these elements with
man's aspirations for the future.
Here lies the beginning of forging
a great new architectural style
which would encourage talented,
imaginative architects to once
again build beautifully.

J. West practices architecture in

Editor's Note
The views expressed in this essay
do not necessarily reflect the views
of the editor.

How most insurance programs

measure claims processing time

1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4
3 4 5 6 7 8 9 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 230 0 31 26 27 28 29 30 31

How the FA/AIA Insurance Program does

Most insurance programs can't pass the test of time. They fail when it takes weeks
and months to handle your claim. They fail when they treat you like a number with a
The FA/AIA (Florida Association/American Institute of Architects) Insurance
Program, however, passes the test of time with flying colors. Among the program's
* 48 hour average claims turnaround time
* A courteous and caring staff that treats you like a person, not a number
* Cost-containment and "Take Care of Yourself"/Wellness campaigns
* Controlled by active AIA members as Trustees
It's your time and your money. If your insurance program isn't giving you the service
you pay for, it's time to look into the FA/AIA Group Insurance Program.
For more information, call Kathleen McDonnell or Eric Shirley at:
Association Administrators & Consultants
19000 MacArthur Boulevard, Suite 500
Irvine, California 92715
Circle 27 on Reader Inquiry Card 1-800-854-0491 Toll Free
108409 olFe

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990


Soaring eagles, ospreys,
and falcons once ruled our
But today, many of these
species hover on the brink
of extinction. The primary
cause: habitat loss.
Since 1951, The Nature
Conservancy has protected
millions of acres of wildlife
habitat using a novel
approach -we've bought it.
But there's so much
more to do. We need your
help. So does our national
symbol, the bald eagle.
Write The Nature
Conservancy, Florida
Chapter, 2699 Lee Road,
Suite 500, Winter Park,
FL 32789. (407) 628-5887.

Conservation Through
Pnvate Action
Onrnal once ory of Low, & P no .
San Fancno


We are a small firm, specializing
in high quality customer residential
and commercial projects. Project
captain/architect position is avail-
able for motivated designer. Benefits
include profit-sharing, medical, etc.
Send resume to David W. Beer &
Associates, Architects, P.O. Box
694. Fernandina Beach, FL 32034.

Highly detailed and realistic scale
models for presentation. Speed the
approval process, enhance your sales
or leasing effort. Call for our bro-
chure. Scale Model & Design Stu-
dios, 100 Harrington St., Raleigh,
NC 27603 (919) 832-4304.

For Not Having AIA Documents.
Order Your Supply Today.

Clear and legally sound agreements between you
and the other members of the building team can
help prevent a lot of worry and potential liability by
clarifying construction project responsibilities.
Make sure you have the AIA Documents you need
for all your projects. We carry the full stock of

documents, so there's no
excuse to run out. Call us
today to order your supply.



Florida Association/
American Institute
of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street
P.O. Box 10388
Tallahassee, Florida 32302
FAX: (904) 224-8048 (crdicardonIy)
Tel: (904) 222-7590
1990, AIA

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990

*Largest Selection in Florida of In Stock AITC Certified
Glulam Beams and PFS Inspected LVL's








Bandall L Atls, PD., AIA, CPP
2 Palm Bay Court
IMia, Florida 33138
(305) 756-5027
Clrde 19 on Reader Inqury Card



Buildings: Better Safe Than Sick

by Leslie King O'Neal

C an a house or an office build-
ing make a person sick? Yes.
Cases of "sick building syndrome"
or "sick house syndrome" are in-
creasing each year. Victims' com-
plaints usually include headaches,
eye and throat irritation, dizziness,
lethargy and inability to concentrate.
Some persons suffer symptoms of
diseases such as asthma, hypersen-
sitivity, pneumonitis, and humidifier
fever. A building is "sick" if its oc-
cupants suffer from such illnesses
simply from being in the building.
What causes "sick building syn-
drome" (SBS)? One cause is the
energy reduction measures used
in construction and renovation of
buildings since the 1970's. Such
measures include reducing the out-
door air supply, reducing the total
air circulation, sealing windows
and maintaining lower winter and
higher summer room temperatures.'
Also, indoor air is contaminated
from many sources. These include
(1) building materials and furnish-
ings (some insulation contains as-
bestos or formaldehyde); carpeting,
cabinetry or furniture may contain
formaldehyde; (2) office equipment
(mimeograph machines emit methyl
alcohol; blueprint machines emit
ammonia, office copiers emit ozone
and toner chemicals2); (3) tobacco
smoke, which contains formal-
dehyde; (4) polluted outdoor air;
(5) biological contaminants which
come from dirty ventilation systems
or water damaged walls, ceilings
and carpets.3 A building's ventilation
system may also contribute to the
problem if air supply and return vents
within each room are blocked or
are improperly located.' Some ven-
tilation systems do not have adequate
intake of outdoor air, as a result of
energy savings measures.
How can "sick buildings" be di-
agnosed and cured? If tenants or
employees have numerous similar
complaints, the building owner
should consider hiring a building
investigation company to interview
occupants and inspect the building
and its ventilation system. The Na-
tional Institute for Occupational
Health & Safety (NIOSH) will sup-
ply information about obtaining a

health hazard evolution of a build-
ing or office.'
Correcting the "sick building"
problem may be as simple as creat-
ing a "no smoking" policy or im-
proving maintenance of the air con-
ditioning system. However, it may
require modification or reconstruc-
tion of the ventilation system.
When the problems caused by
SBS become severe, litigation may
result. Building tenants may stop
paying rent and even move out,
claiming constructive eviction. Ten-
ants who stay may claim loss of key
personnel, new business and pro-
ductivity. Individuals suffering var-
ious complaints may make workers'
compensation claims. Eventually
the tenants and the individuals may
file suit. In such a suit the defendants
will likely include; the building
owner; the architect; the mechani-
cal engineer; the general contractor;
the HVAC contractor; manufactur-
ers, suppliers and distributors of
various building materials, (espe-
cially floor and ceiling tiles, drapes
and curtains, carpets, padding, glue,
adhesives, HVAC systems, parti-
tions, particle board, insulation.)6
Although there are relatively few
"sick building" cases in litigation,7
these cases will probably increase.
Some predict that "SBS cases may
well be the next major source of en-
vironmental litigation in the U.S."
Building owners, architects, me-
chanical engineers, contractors and
other likely defendants need to be
aware that they may be involved in
such cases, so they can prepare to
defend themselves. Building owners
may want to hire an air quality spe-
cialist, such as an industrial hygien-
ist, occupational health consultant
or environmental safety scientist to
do air quality tests to determine
if the building is "sick." Building
owners should also make sure that
HVAC systems are properly main-
tained to prevent growth of bacteria,
viruses, yeasts and molds, which
may cause SBS. Owners should also
consider initiating routine air qual-
ity monitoring. This can be helpful in
finding the cause of any new prob-
lems. It also helps the building
owner's defense in a SBS case by

showing that the owner has made
every effort to control indoor air
pollution. Building owners should
consider smoking habits when set-
ting fresh air flow into buildings.
Mechanical engineers should be
sure that the ventilation system meets
the American Society of Heating,
Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
Engineers (ASHRAE) voluntary
standards which recommend a min-
imum fresh air supply of 15 cubic
feet per minute per person. The me-
chanical engineer should also be
able to document all assumptions
made regarding occupants and pol-
lutants.' Some new design trends
which offer solutions to the SBS
problem are (1) low cost individual
zoning; (2) a return to low pressure
systems; (3) a return to simpler, de-
centralized controls.'0
Architects and building material
manufacturers should obtain lists of
all ingredients and component parts
in the building materials, draperies,
room dividers, adhesives, carpet-
ing, etc. to determine if they con-
tain formaldehyde, asbestos or other
volatile organic compounds. Some
architects are recommending solar
and electric energy rather than oil
or natural gas. There is also a trend
toward using natural, non-toxic
products. These are more expen-
sive, but may be worth it in the
long run.
Building owners and others may
not be able to avoid being drawn
into SBS cases, but by knowing the
elements of such cases, they may
be able to limit their exposure for

The author is a partner in the
Orlando law firm of Markel,
McDonough & O'Neal.


' Hughes & O'Brien, "Evaluation
of Building Ventilation Systems",
Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 47(4):
207-213 (1986).
2 Id. See alsoTestimony of James
Melius, M.D. before U.S. House
of Representatives, Subcommit-
tee on Energy Development &
Applications; Subcommittee on
Natural Resources, Agriculture
Research and Environment,;
Science & Technology Commit-
tee (August 3, 1983).
S"The Inside Story A Guide to
Indoor Air Quality", published
by the U.S. Consumer Product
Safety Commission (Septem-
ber 1988).
' Id.
SContact NIOSH at -800-35NIOSH
for information.
6 See Cohoon, "Indoor Air Pollu-
tion Litigation: A Primer for De-
fense Counsel," For the Defense
(August 1989).
' One of the first "sick building
syndrome" cases went to trial in
1989, (Beebe v. Burlington Indus-
tries, Inc., Case No: A8103037,
Court of Common Pleas, Hamil-
ton County, Ohio) and resulted
in a verdict for the defendant,
Burlington Industries.
SCohoon, supra, note 7.
' See Working Draft 88/2 of AS-
HRAE 62-1981R (December 9,
o1 Meckler, "Indoor Air Quality vs.
Energy Efficiency: Impact of New
Ventilation Standards; Consult-
ing Specifying Engineer.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1990

a e


.In * es:: *.

Monier...The Source For Roof Tile

No matter whether the choice is roof tile that
looks like slate, wood shake, Mediterranean
classic or traditional Spanish "S,"
Monier has you covered.

From its two plants in Lakeland and
Ft. Lauderdale, Monier can supply a
range of tile styles in standard and
custom colors unsurpassed by any other
manufacturer in Florida. Why not
loin the winner of the Grand Aurora
L Award and specify Monier Tile
for your next job.

Call today for samples and
1 product literature.


FLORIDA: 4425 U.S. Highway #92 East, Lakeland, FL 33801 (813) 665-3316

Carde 33 on Reader Inqury Card


University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs