Title: Florida architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00284
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Series Title: Florida architect.
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: September-October 1990
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073793
Volume ID: VID00284
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Full Text


- -i

*_ *** p

j^* *""l I; :

'* ^j i f
C^^^ jjff E'^ .^~~'

*^ ; '
i | """
1 .'
i U C :
A 5 &*!

- -


;. C-JI--I

I Pr



ventilation- light

The world leader
in roof windows and skylights.

Mail this coupon. We'll send you our FREE full-color brochure
featuring all VELUX roof windows, skylights, and accessories
along with a price list. This coupon answered within 24 hours.
PO. Box 3268 16817 Hymus Blvd.
Greenwood, SC 29648 Kirkland, Qc, Canada H9H 3L4

VE: shortfor ventilation LUX: Latin for light
That's what VELUX roof windows and skylights are all about.
With VELUX, an exciting new world of architecture unfolds bringing nat-
ural light and fresh air to even the most remote covers of the home or business.
The aesthetic lines of VELUX roof windows and skylights keep a low
profile in the roof giving a crystal clear view to the outside world. With
VELUX double glazing, insulation and energy efficiency becomes a
reality. And our beautifully crafted wood frames will be a compliment to
any interior.
VELUX invites you to mail the coupon for fresh ideas to brighten your
next project. Circle 34 on Reader Inquiry Card ovuxMiN

- -- - - - - - FA990



Architecture by: Jung Brannen & Associates


Architectural/Interior Design Photography

C 0 T T

CHROMA INC m 2802 Azeele Street w Tampa, Florida 33609

m (813) 873-1374

Circle 30 on Reader Inquiry Card

G E 0 R

With its rapid growth, Florida's environment and energy
reserves are becoming increasingly difficult to conserve.
That's why today's new natural gas technology is good
for Florida. Gas systems produce as much as 80 percent
fewer emissions than alternative energy sources. They also
use up to 50 percent less energy and, in some cases, the
excess power they produce can be sent to other energy
users... like you and me.
The members of the Florida Natural Gas Association are
committed to the betterment of the many communities they
serve... and to maintaining the environment and energy
resources of these communities.
It's clear as a sunny day. Supporting clean-burning,
energy-saving natural gas technology means preserving
Florida's fragile environment... now and for the future.
To find out more about the wonders of natural gas
technology, contact your local Natural Gas Company today.

Natural gas is good for Florida.

America's Best
Energy Value

Florida Natural Gas Association
PO. Box 533432
Orlando, FL 32853

Circle 10 on Reader Inquiry Card



Pioneer's Rustic Shake gives a
roof the beautiful life-like appear-
ance of hand-hewnwood shakes with
the practicality of durable concrete.
Unlike wood shakes, Pioneer
Concrete Tiles are 100% fireproof
and you'll never have to worry about
splitting, rotting or bug infestation.
The tiles are also available in an

amazingly realistic smooth slate finish.
But remember, Pioneer is the
only manufacturer of these great
looking tiles this side of the Rockies.


1340 S.W 34th Ave., Deerfield Beach, FL 33442- (305) 421-2077 1-800-624-4152 1300 Flora Ave., Hobe Sound, FL 33455 (407) 546-7112
10923 Enterprise Ave., Bonita Springs, FL 33923 (813) 992-3344.
Circle 8 on Reader Inquiry Card


The New

Individual Non-Cancellable

Disability Program

Endorsed by Your

Guaranteed renewable
Level premiums
Long term benefits
No group increases
Pays for total and partial disability
in your occupation as an Architect
and/or loss of income
Premium discount to membership
Liberal underwriting
H. Leslie Walker, FAIA
Chairman, FA/AIA Insurance Trust

For more information call
Shirley Sandier, CLU
Southern Benefits LTD
or mail coupon below
DI Form 686 Circle 36 on Reader Inquiry Card
Mail to:
name Shirley Sandler, CLU
Southern Benefits LTD
2424 N. Federal Highway
Suite 366
Boca Raton, FL 33431
birthdate phone

best time to call



Sitting Light and Oh, So Pretty on the Land 10
The corporate headquarters of the Burger King
Corporation were designed by HOK for a fragile
South Florida environment.
Diane D. Greer

S A Rapport With Nature Dictates Final Form 14
AAA's Central Florida headquarters are a fascinating
ft study in simple geometry by Spillis Candela.
Laura Stewart

o 3 No.5 Heroic Geometry On An Urban Scale 18
Phase I of Jacksonville Center designed by KBJ Architects
brings high rise architecture another step forward.
Lesley N. Roberts and David M. Laffitte, Jr., AIA

Concrete In A Classical Context 22
Esperante by RTKL presents "all fronts and no backs"
to downtown West Palm Beach.
Juliet Bruno

Orlando Magic 26
The new Orlando Arena, a Joint Venture of Lloyd Jones Fillpot
and Cambridge Seven, is the focal point of the
Orlando Centroplex.
Diane Frank

Finally, We Got To Europe 32
Sketches from Mykonos.
Ronald W. Haase, AIA

Editorial 7
News/Books 8
New Products 35
Viewpoint 38
Radon: A New Code For Construction and Mitigation
Ray Johnson, AIA
From the Publisher 44
Florida Architect, Official Journal of the
Florida Association of the American Institute
of Architects, is owned and published by the
Association, a Florida Corporation not for
profit. ISSN-0015-3907. It is published six
times a year at the Executive Office of the
Association, 104 East Jefferson St., Tallahas-
see, Florida 32302. Telephone (904) 222-7590.
Opinions expressed by contributors are not
necessarily those of the FA/AIA. Editorial
material may be reprinted only with the ex- Cover photo is of Esperante in West Palm Beach by RTKL. The photographer is Hedrick-Blessing.
press permission of Florida Architect.
Single copies, $4.00; Annual subscription,
$19.08. Third class postage.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

1 I'I

-~,~n-i 'T'L'

Strength for Building Beauty

Cia-i.r: de-ig r will -a3rid the test of m irne t t-r,- p,:-., nr,-r -itr-rngtr
The inherent strength of precast/prestressed concrete makes possible
enduring and beautiful solutions to-hen gre ~- t i design challenges. Its
versatility can bring spectacular ideas to life, while its efficiency in cost
and time allows resources to be dedicated to other areas.
A n- ,:ie I-,- Ir, rge- producers in the Southeast, Southern Prestressed
offers a virtually unmatched production : ip a.:i: ,, an extensive line of both
structural and architectural precast/prestressed products and speed of
delivery. A full range of engineering services and technical support help
keep projects moving.
We invite you to contact our corporate office for more information on
versatile, cost-effective and :-, iuiil precast/prestressed concrete
products. Build on our strength for your most important work.


Rome, Italy

Southern Prestressed, Inc.
P Box 5539
Tampa, Florida 33675
(813) 623-6305
(813) 623-6406 FAX

A Division of LOHJA, Inc.

Rely on our Strength

Circle 20 on Reader Inquiry Card


Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street
Post Office Box 10388
Tallahassee, Florida 32302
Publisher/Executive Vice President
George A. Allen, CAE
Diane D. Greer
Assistant Publisher
Director of Advertising
Carolyn Maryland
Steven Nye
Design and Production
Peter Mitchell Associates. Inc.
Boyd Brothers Pnnters
Publications Committee
Roy Knight, AIA. Chairman
Henry Alexander, AIA
Keith Bailey, AIA
Gene Leedy. AIA
Will Morris. AIA
Don Sackman, AIA
H. Dean Rowe. FAIA
Editorial Board
Ivan Johnson, AIA
Dave Fronczak, AIA
Roy Knight. AIA
Larry M. Schneider, AIA
25 Seabreeze
Delray Beach, FL 33483
Vice President/President-elect
Raymond L. Scott, AIA
601 S. Lake Destiny Road
Maitland, FL 32751
Bruce Balk, AIA
290 Coconut Avenue
Sarasota, Florida 34236
Past President
H. Dean Rowe, FAIA
100 Madison Street
Tampa, Florida 33602
Regional Directors
John M. Barley, AIA
5345 Ortega Boulevard
Jacksonville, Florida 32210
James A. Greene. FAIA
254 Plaza Drive
PO. Box 1147
Oviedo, Florida 32765
Sr. Vice President/Membership
Services Commission
John Tice, AIA
909 East Cervantes
Pensacola, Florida 32501
Vice President/Membership
Services Commission
Ross Spiegel, AIA
2701 West Oakland Park Blvd.. Suite 300
Oakland Park. Florida 33311
Sr. Vice President/
Public Affairs Commission
Henry C. Alexander. AIA
Smith Korach Hayet Haynie
175 Fontainbleau Road
Miami, Florida 33172
Vice President/
Public Affairs Commission
Joseph Garcia, AIA
3300 S.W. Archer Road
Gainesville. Florida 32608


This issue of Florida Architect is about maintaining harmony between
the built environment and nature. But, more than that, it's an exami-
nation of how five very large buildings manage to integrate themselves
into either the landscape or the cityscape in a positive, non-destructive
way. That's not easy, particularly when the structure to be integrated has
in excess of 660,000 gross square feet, covers over five acres of ground
or rises 23 stories. The buildings in this issue cover the state geographi-
cally from Miami to West Palm Beach to Orlando to Jacksonville.
Several are skyscraping towers rising many stories and others are sprawl-
ing, ground-hugging megastructures which house the headquarters of
corporate giants. All are eminently successful, not only as elegant works
of architecture bearing testimony to the skill of the designer, but as proof
that new construction can successfully weave itself into the fabric of
nature or the built environment without destroying the integrity of its
newfound home.
Designing a building is an awesome responsibility. It's rather like
cosmetic surgery on the environment. One wrong move and the integrity
of a neighborhood, a downtown or the countryside can be destroyed. The
responsibility for designing buildings that are compatible with their sur-
roundings is brought to bear on the architect whether he or she is design-
ing a residence in a neighborhood or a downtown skyscraper. The larger
the building, the greater the impact.
I am amazed when I see a building that seems to snub its nose at its
surroundings a building that is clearly the work of an uncaring or insen-
sitive designer. I wonder if the architect has considered how aesthetically
devastating a toll such a building takes, on the psychological and physi-
cal profile of a place. There is no excuse for insensitivity in the built
environment any more than there is for a surgeon putting two noses on a
trusting patient's face. There is responsibility implied in the word
Each of the buildings in this issue, whether urban or rural, is site-con-
scious. Each of these buildings makes its presence felt in a positive way.
Each improves the environment. None are detractors and in that way they
each meet my definition of good, possibly great, architecture. DG

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990


Hurricanes May Get

The names will be different, but
more hurricanes with the powerful
punches of Hugo and Gilbert may
be prowling the Atlantic, Caribbean
and Gulf of Mexico in the future.
"The probability of more intense
hurricanes in the Atlantic region is
greater in the next decade or two
than it has been in the 1970s and
80s," says meteorologist William
Gray of Colorado State University
who analyzes hurricane patterns.
Gray predicts a possible return
of the more ferocious hurricanes of
the 50s and 60s because of an
apparent break in the periodic West
African drought. Rainfall in the
Sahel, typically associated with
more intense hurricane activity, was
above average in 1988 for the first
time since 1969, he says. A sec-
ond rainy summer this year indi-
cates an end to the drought.
The most intense hurricanes
usually form at low latitudes from
tropical disturbances moving
westward from Africa. The well-
watered conditions in the 50s and
60s produced 31 of the most severe
kind (categories 4 and 5) in the 17-
year period from 1950 to 1967.
Hurricanes are classified by the
Saffir-Simpson scale, the fiercest
is a No. 5 orcatastrophic storm. The
atmospheric pressure at its center
drops drastically and its wind
exceeds 155 mph.
Last year's Hurricane Gilbert,
which left a wide swath of devas-
tation across Jamaica and the
Mexican Yucatan, was the mighti-
est hurricane on record in the
Western Hemisphere. Its atmos-
pheric pressure dropped to 888
millibars and its wind speed reached
200 mph.
Last September's Hugo, which
ripped through the Virgin Islands
and Puerto Rico before clobbering
the coast of South Carolina had
sustained winds of 150 mph.

Damages from Hugo are estimated
to exceed ten billion dollars, both
internationally and in the U.S.
Reprinted from The Wind
Engineer, January, 1990.

HOK To Design Center
for Space Education

The Tampa office of Hellmuth,
Obata & Kassabaum (HOK) has
been selected by the Astronauts
Memorial Foundation and NASA
to design the Center for Space
Education at the John F. Kennedy
Space Center in Florida.
The $7-million Centerwill serve
as a living memorial to U.S. astro-
nauts who have died in the pursuit
of space exploration. The Center
will also allow NASA to expand its
space education programs to reach
a larger audience of students, teach-
ers and families. NASA expects the
new Center to draw three million
visitors annually.
HOK designed the National Air
and Space Museum in Washington,
D.C. and was recently selected to
design the Florida Museum of
Natural History in Gainesville,

Architectural Holstein Cows

The Spessard Holland Office
Building in South Miami was
s, I' designed by the architectural firm
P.A. The building recently received
its finishing touches in the form of
a herd of Holstein Cows.
The two-dimensional cows, fash-
ioned from a polymerconcrete and
automobile paint for durability,
I k -;. serve to accentuate the herds of

already existing live cows which
graze on the land bordering the
Holland Building. The Holsteins
were the creation of Dallas artist,
V. Wayne Amerine.
The Holland Building has glass
facades forming striking continuous
bands that create a sharp contrast
with the royal palms that decorate
the entrance and driveways. The
Holstein Cows add a bold and
graphic accent to the building.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990



i- I

Patients Require
Special Hospital Design

Picture in your mind a traditional
hospital setting dedicated to sav-
ing the life of newborn infants. Then
substitute natural daylight for the
glaring overheads, warm pastels for
the hospital green, home furnish-
ings for institutional furniture,
perhaps even add soft classical
music playing in the background.
Now you've got a more accurate
picture of a modern neonatal care
Advances in medical care change
the physical shape of hospitals in
countless ways, as the architects of
Hansen Lind Meyer (HLM) can
testify. One of the largest U.S.
architecture firms specializing in
healthcare facilities design, HLM
has designed neonatal care facili-
ties in many cities across the coun-
try. Although very different in
appearance, these buildings indi-
cate some striking trends in
healthcare architecture.
The first consideration is to
provide three levels of care for


newborn infants. Level One is for
normal babies, Level Two is for
complicated deliveries which re-
quired specialized care and Level
Three is for babies in life-threaten-
ing conditions including some
preemies, crack babies, and AIDS
patients, which require much more
space per patient and special equip-
Alan Wilson of HLM's Orlando
office predicts that increasingly,
architects will be able to control the
healthcare environment in terms of
light and sound. Another trend he
notices is the increased interaction
of patient's parents with healthcare
providers. More parents are de-
manding to be bedside with their
children. In the design of the
Minneapolis Children's Medical
Center, HLM built full-size mod-
els of rooms complete with equip-
ment to allow an advocacy group
comprised of parents, patients and
staff to give feedback on the designs
before they are built.
AIA News Service

," 0p

7 L.(

k2t t)

I ,
- _." -
'- *:." #

b -. ?

Israeli school children's drawings were transformed into mosaic tiles for the
Children's Medical Center. (Cannon)

FA has been notified that credits
listed in the May-June, 1990 issue
for the design of the award-winning
Toussaint L'ouverture Elementary
School were incomplete. The Firm-
of-Record for the project was Zys-
covich and Grafton Architects with
Bernard Zyscovich as Principal-in-
Charge. The project was seen through
to completion by Zyscovich, Inc.
Also, a paragraph was inadver-
tently deleted from "From the Pub-
lisher" by George A. Allen which
appeared on page 44 of the May-
June issue. The paragraph, under
the "Building Codes" should have
read as follows:
Legislators modified the state's
Handicapped Accessibility Code
by approving a bill to require all
non-residential covered or under-
ground parking facilities built after
January 1, 1991 to have at least an
8 foot 2 inch clearance on the street
level portion. This, of course, is to
allow space for wheelchair vans to
park. Plans sealed by an architect
prior to that date are exempt.
The editor regrets that photo cre-
dits for the Venetian Pool were not
credited to Dan Forer in the July

FAME Awards Expand
For the first time in its history,
the 1991 FAME Awards presented
by the Builders Association of South
Florida will be open to nonmembers
as well as members of the Home-
builders Association.
To apply for the 1991 FAME
Awards, contact Jill Poppe, BASF,
(305) 556-6300 (Dade); (305)
525-8225 (Broward). Entry fee for
members of BASF or other NAHB-
chartered Association is $195; entry
fee for nonmembers is $325.
The deadline for registration is
October 12. Entry materials are due
by December 10. Winners will be
announced at the FAME Awards
Banquet on March 9, 1991, and will
be featured in the March 10, 1991
Miami Herald's "Parade of Homes."


Architecture: A Place for
by Ellen Perry Berkeley, editor
Matilda McQuaid, associate
Smithsonian Institution Press
311 pages, 63 b&w illus.
$19.95 paperback
When Louise Bethune became
the first woman elected to the
American Institute of Architects
one hundred years ago, she opened
the field to all women. This new
book commemorates her achieve-
ments and highlights the accom-
plishments of other women in
architecture, those of the past as well
as those currently involved in the
Contributions are brought to
light of many accomplished women
such as Louisa Tuthill, who wrote
the first history of architecture
published in the U.S.; Julia Mor-
gan, one of the first women to be
recognized nationally and designer
of San Simeon; and Miss Sue Frost,
who pioneered for women and the
preservation movement alike when
she saved the architectural heritage
of Charleston, S.C. Also encoun-
tered are some of the educational
environments that have encouraged
women in architecture; the unusual
Class of 1930 at MIT which gradu-
ated 14 women directly into the
Depression; the extraordinary
Cambridge School, open only to
women; the unique Women's
School of Planning and Architec-
ture born of the 1970s.
Orders for the book should be
sent to: Smithsonian Institution
Press, Department 900, Blue Ridge
Summit, PA 17294-0900. Please
include $2.25 for postage and

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990


Sitting Lightly and Oh, So Pretty on the Land

Burger King Corporate
World Headquarters
Miami, Florida

Architect: HOK Architects, Inc.
HOK Services Provided Facility
Programming, Landscape Archi-
tecture, Site Planning, Interior
Design, Graphic Design, Me-
chanical/Electrical Engineering
and Lighting Design

T he fragile environment of
South Florida is always a
major concern to the architects
of HOK, as it was to their client,
Burger King Corporation. This
complex located just west of
Biscayne Bay in Miami was
built to house offices and support
facilities for Burger King Corpo-
ration. The World Headquarters,
as the complex is known, is an
environment that was created us-
ing HOK DRAW, a design and
drafting software program cre-
ated by HOK. Site preservation
was a major design imperative
and by preserving the natural en-
vironment, Burger King Corpo-
ration has established itself as an
environmentally responsive ,,g, Igllll
leader in the corporate sector. ; mo iil i me il
Only five percent of the 114-acre11111 I" Nnl ,u
site is occupied by the complex.
Native vegetation was retained
and enhanced with additional na-
tive plant material. The man-
made lake occupies seven-and-
a-half acres and approximately
54 acres will be retained in its
natural state.
The site had an impact on the
final design in a number of ways.
Situated on the edge of a lake,
the architect's goal was to mini-
mize the building's presence as
seen from Biscayne Bay. To this
end, the main building steps
down from four to three to two
stories as it progresses along the
Above, west elevation, landside, opposite page, top, east elevation, lakeside, and bottom, south entrance. Following pages,
conference room, dining room and building entrances. All photos by George Cott.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990 1

edge of the lake. The building is
also stepped in plan to break its
profile up even more. Finally,
the building is terraced along the
north, south and east sides and
large planters occur at each of
these levels and on the roof.
Plant material was selected that
would climb and fall across the
structure to further soften the
building and help it blend into
the site, thus minimizing its im-
pact even further.
The terraced building edges
have overhangs at each level to
shield glass from the sun. Plant-
ings along the building perimeter
were also designed to reduce
glare and solar reflections.
Where plantings are brought
close to the building, it is so the

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990


-r IL

trees' spread will cast shadows
on the walls, further reducing the
glare and heat load.
The complex consists of a
four-story building, a two-story
conference and training facility,
a two-story laboratory building
and a two-story computer center.
Built of pink-tinged stucco and
glass, the center was constructed
over two levels of employee
The integration of building
and site in a non-intrusive way is
an indication of how architects
must proceed in Florida's over-
built and delicate landscape.
The Burger King Headquarters
is a strong and definite step in
that direction... a building that
responds to its setting in a posi-
tive and non-threatening way.
Diane D. Greer

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

A Rapport With Nature Dictates Final Form

AAA Corporate
Lake Mary, Florida

Spillis Candela &Partners, Inc.
Hilario Candela, FAIA
Project Designer:
Hilario Candela, FAIA
Project Manager:
Charles Hugh Crain, AIA
Engineering Consultant:
Spillis, Candela & Partners
Interior Design:
Spillis, Candela & Partners
Landscape Architect:
Glatting Lopez Kercher Anglin
General Contractor:
The George Hyman Company
Owner: American Automobile
Developed by The Oliver Carr
Co. for the American
Automobile Association

T he simple geometry of the
Corporate Headquarters of
AAA provides a pleasant con-
trast to the verdant, flowing ter-
rain of the site it occupies. But,
the sleek building is also in har-
mony with its surroundings... the
gentle rolling hills of southern
Seminole County.
Placed on the site in such a
way as to create an open feeling
in any part of the building, two J-
shaped wings flare out from a
rectangular atrium located at the
center of the structure. Although
the wings appear to be of equal
length, one is 130 feet long and
the other is 190 feet long. The
wings, whose gross square foot-
age is 660,000 square feet, are
oriented on a north-south axis.
That alignment places the court-
yard at an oblique angle beneath
the path of the sun and shields
the atrium from most of the day's
solar impact. The 75-foot-high
atrium rises above the wings
which extend out from it, form-

All photos by Norman McGrath.

ing a curved spine that links the
overlapping wings and sets off
the articulated grid of a brise
soleil mounted five feet from the
wings' exterior walls.
The design of the building's
system of light filtration and
shading further softens the solar
impact, leaving a comfortable
sense of openness to the outside
while keeping the building en-
ergy-efficient and glare-free.
Exterior fabric is a combina-
tion of floor-to-ceiling green-
tinted insulated windows and
precast concrete with a coquina
hue and texture. The structure's
overall effect is one of a
tremendous mass floating over
the landscape, an effect en-
hanced by the exterior colors and
the delicate tracery of the brise
soleil. The building is not in-
timidating as one approaches it
from the entry plaza beneath a
green glass canopy that leads
into the atrium.
Inside the atrium, the volume
of its 900,000 cubic feet is awe-

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990


i-4 -I1

*~ N,

I 'X,

inspiring. A glass vault crowns
the atrium and white frits deflect
the sun's rays and throw patterns
across the tops of the walls. The
floor beneath the vault is laid in
an interwoven pattern of cream,
pink-orange and verde marble.
Entry to all parts of the build-
ing is through the atrium. The
offices that open off its sides
have glass walls and 15- foot
ceilings. Photography, cartogra-
phy, computers and administra-
tive offices are located in these
wings and can be reached by
"user friendly" stairs and eleva-
Almost half of the 1,131
parking spaces for employees
and guests lie below the atrium
and office areas. The balance of
the parking is on small paved
and grass lots situated around the
structure. A large, ground-level
cafeteria faces the manmade
pond and the golf course. The
western wall of the cafeteria is a
green-tinted, double-glazed cur-
tain and its curving lines echo
the shape of the balcony outside.
The materials, colors and ori-
entation of the AAA Headquar-
ters were determined as much by
the site it occupies as by the
user's needs, particularly the
need to have large open offices.
The final form reflects that need
clearly. The building is at once
elegant and refined as it crowns
its grassy, central Florida site. In
an area that is already overdevel-
oped and congested, the AAA
will hopefully serve as an envi-
ronmentally-sensitive model for
the buildings that follow.
Laura Stewart

The author is a freelance writer
living in Orlando. She is co-au-
thor of Florida Historic Houses.

. Ground floor plan and south elevation courtesy of Spillis Candela & Partners. Photo by Norman McGrath.



ll! e :"--.m
II!m amm m ..I I

883 ;~i

arhtcua rc s.bidn inS Orano Br I *Sqae Mi ami
er s~ 0ratv I I De-ee by 05- li /Pilp Pont W e st
Not~~ lus exero preas clddn bu@a50 Prnr, Pa ec /Du
co plt 00utua syte s as wel MO E H NCrlGbe. Strs- Enrne Coa als
th arhtcua ca- Government0Cu .
for th cofdec beto e upo us dig bu ondfre iai ud on
by~~~~~~~~ ~~~~ th arhtet an buldr oforJS ihorsseo- to Bach Orng
sklie in Sot Flrd an beod pay PSI (Petrse Cont Regona Ser
50 S 'egnemauatr, N w SuSetnl
clet by calin us r asita c on and ins -l th stutua Deril Beach 0 ort
yunetpoet tescn P. Bo A.. PR TT prcstpetrse Evrldsakn
82-90 Brwr 52 55 Floid bems Pakn Garge
S-s 1S0-3-39 FA AD Jus a e0o0uPatain
*icl 7es *n Hede Card

Heroic Geometry On An Urban Scale

Jacksonville Center,
Phase I
Jacksonville, Florida

Architect: KBJ Architects, Inc.
Project Designer:
David M. Laffitte, Jr., AIA
Project Architect: Tri T. Vu, AIA
John J. Diamond, AIA
Engineers: Newcomb & Boyd,
Structural Engineer:
Smith, Hardaker, Huddleston
& Collins, Inc.
Contractor: The Auchter
Owner: Rouse and Associates

This new 23-story tower is the
first phase of a 2.3-acre of-
fice/retail complex which Rouse
& Associates is developing in
the heart of Jacksonville's rap-
idly developing waterfront. Re-
sponding to the owner's desire to
phase construction and retain
maximum flexibility for the fu-
ture, Venturi, Rausch & Scott
Brown developed a master site
plan which locates two office
towers on opposite corners of the
block. The towers are organized
along a pedestrian promenade
which bisects the site on a north-
south axis. The plan strongly
emphasizes the link between the
river and the central business
district. Retail shopping is envi-
sioned along the promenade as a
prelude to Jacksonville Landing,
a retail festival marketplace
which is located immediately to
the south.
KBJ Architects was selected
to design the 385,000- square -
foot Phase I building. Numerous
studies were made to verify and
refine the master site plan. Pro-
visions for a future truck dock
below the promenade were
added and the parameters for
future development were set.
This page, south facade facing waterfront activity. Opposite, east facade at dusk. Photos by Kathleen McKenzie.
18 FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

The Venturi, Rausch & Scott
Brown master plan included
towers with tops stepped along
the north-south axis. Though the
final shape of the building is
very different, KBJ adopted the
concept of the stepped facade
because of the strong visual rein-
forcement of the promenade as it
is oriented toward the river.
The tower was conceived as a
series of overlapping planes and
slabs whose geometry emerges
from an heroically-scaled stone
base that sets up a grid pattern
and is meant to be appreciated
from street level. The tower, on
the other hand, is meant to be
seen from across the river. The
forms become increasingly ab-
stract as one moves up the build-
ing. The horizontal aluminum
"ties" which occur on alternate
floors on the north and south fa-
cades serve to introduce an un-
expected scale which further
heightens the abstract quality of
the composition. Clear glass is
used at the base of the tower and
two colors of reflective glass oc-
cur in the shaft. Bands of rosa
Porrino granite are alternated
with bands of aluminum to fur-
ther the effect of overlapping
The "fin" at the top of the
tower, was conceived as having
neon signage behind the mir-
rored glass. Invisible by day, the
graphics would emerge at dusk.
The building's signature tenant,
the American Heritage Life In-
surance Company, opted, how-
ever, for more traditional sig-
nage, so the fin is used to handle
discharge from the roof via
mounted cooling towers.
The building has steel frame
construction with columns 12
feet on center in the north and
south walls. K-bracing was used
at the core to provide stiffness in
the north-south direction. The
building core is asymmetrically
situated to provide a greater vari-

This page, top, marble and granite-
clad elevator doors reference the shape
of the building. Below, view from
Laura Street plaza at night. Building's
well-lit base extends security to nearby
retail customers. Photos by Kathleen
McKenzie. Opposite page, master
site plan and axonometric for Phases I
and II.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990





.. ety of rental spaces for a wide
Strange of clients.
'4 Two banks of four elevators
serve passengers. At the base of
< ",the building, the facade steps in,
allowing full expression of the
columns and aluminum glazing
frames. Of the eight columns
", expressed on the east and west
sides, four are structural. The
other four visually strengthen the
tie to the north and south fa-
cades. The tower has two en-
trances, one each on the east and
The lobby floor consists of
Imperial red granite rectangles in
a field of rosa Porrino granite.
The ceiling repeats this geome-
try with rectangles of light (actu-
ally indirect light coves) in a
field of white gypsum board.
Flooring in the elevator lobbies
is patterned in a deliberate allu-
sion to Oriental rugs. Etched
into the stainless steel elevator
doors is a geometric pattern
which references the building's
distinctive profile.
David M. Laffitte, Jr., AIA and
Lesley N. Roberts

David Laffitte was project de-
signer for Phase I of Jackson-
ville Center. Lesley Roberts is a
Jacksonville writer.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

Concrete in A Classical Context

West Palm Beach,

Architect: RTKL Associates,Inc.
Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Structural Engineer: P.J. Ford&
Mechanical/Electrical Engineer:
Meyer, Strong & Jones
Landscape Architect: Kilday
Contractor: Turner Construction
Owner: John W. Galbreath & Co./
The Hanna-Kent Co.

In an effort to maintain har-
mony within its urban envi-
ronment, this 20-story mixed-use
complex was executed in the
Mediterranean Revival style
which dominates the architecture
of the region. The design uses
scale, color and decorative ele-
ments to integrate itself into its
city setting.
The client's challenge to the
architect was to design a sensi-
tive urban building that features
all "fronts" and no backs. Both
the client and the city also
wanted retail exposure on all
sides. This was accomplished
by having the facility look to-
ward the ocean while facing the
approach from the west. The re-
sult is fourteen floors of office
space totaling 238,000 square
feet. The first floor houses res-
taurants and a branch bank. On
the upper floors are tri-level con-
dominiums. The central tower is
paired with a tiered, four-story
base that meets the street at an
appropriate scale. An atrium
courtyard, which offers a spec-
tacular intracoastal view, con-
nects the two buildings.
With the intention of creating
an illusion that the site contains a
series of buildings, the designers
carved out the four-story base to
expose the atrium. On the north-
east comer of the site, a low

tower containing a cafe acts al-
most as an entry gate inviting the
city to enter.
The main tower occupies a
prominent position on a podium
raised 24 inches and surrounded
by steps. Since the atrium was
conceived as a public garden, it
remains more outside than in.
For example, the balconies that
overlook the atrium give the ap-
pearance more of outside com-
ponents than inside balconies.
Access to the second floor,
where most people will enter of-
fices, is via the escalator in the
A particular challenge to the
architects was creatively mixing
a small housing component into
the office tower. This was
achieved by carving the tower
mass to create balconies. The
remainder of the space was con-

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

11111II Im I I-
77 T_~~~Y~


______L L~~K1U J
v t i III
717-11 11 1 1 1 1~1~ 1 ' ' I L I I .. i


I J I I 1 I I I I
;iir L_

k- I I!

1 Office
2 Bank/Retail
3 Residential
4 Office Lobby
5 Atrium
6 Exterior Plaza
7 Cafe
8 Womens Room
9 Mens Room
10 Service
11 Bridge to Parking

figured into eight small condos,
two per side.
The building is classical in its
proportions and character. It is
composed of concrete columns,
beams, joists and slabs. The ex-
terior skin is precast concrete
panels with granite medallion in-
serts. The tower sits on a granite
base. The plaza, arcade and
atrium flooring consist of con-
crete and granite pavers. The
skylit atrium is finished in pre-
cast concrete panels and high-
lighted by two marble-finished
escalators which are separated
by marble steps supporting con-
crete planters. The interior bal-
conies are faced with white oak
veneer and the elevator en-
trances are framed with white
oak columns.
The main mechanical system
serving the building is a 900-ton
reverse return condenser water
system distributed by means of a
loop on each floor. This system
allows for maximum diversity of
tenant requirements on each
floor. The atrium has a dedi-
cated air-conditioning system.
Smoke control is achieved
through the use of exhaust fans
mounted on the roof adjacent to
the atrium and make-up air
dampers at the ground floor
perimeter. Juliet Bruno

The author is a Fort Lauderdale

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

Orlando Magic

Orlando Arena
Orlando Florida

Architect: Joint Venture of
Lloyd Jones Fillpot Associates,
Houston, Texas and Cambridge
Seven Associates, Cambridge,
Associated Architects: Ray
Johnson & Associates, Orlando
Arena Consultants: C/A
Architects, Inc.
Consulting Engineers:
Walter P. Moore & Assoc.,
structural, mechanical, electri-
cal; Boyle Engineering Corp.,
Geotechnical Engineer:.
Jammal Associates
Landscape Architect:
Sasaki Associates, Inc.
Lighting Design: Jules Fisher
and Paul Marantz, Inc.
Construction Manager:
Gilbane Building Company
Owner: City of Orlando

This fall, the Orlando Magic
basketball team, one the
NBA's four new franchises, will
play in its new home arena. In
addition to hosting sports and en-
tertainment programs, the new
Orlando Arena will provide a
state-of-the-art setting for civic
events. The $90 million project,
which includes the arena build-
ing, landscape and site develop-
ment and other infrastructure im-
provements, is the focal point of
the Orlando Centroplex, the
city's recreational and cultural
The Arena provides 15,000
seats, equally distributed be-
tween upper and lower seating
bowls. There are also 26
skyboxes. Outdoor terraces, ac-
cessible from the skyboxes,
overlook the surrounding devel-
opment as well as Lake Dot,
which is on axis with the cere-
monial main entrance to the
arena. Allowing for greater ex-
panses of column-free interior

Photos by Mike Houlihan of Hedrick- Blessing.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990 27

space and unobstructed views,
the arena roof is supported by an
architecturally unique X-shaped
framing system made of trusses,
each weighing 270 tons, and
supported by 90-foot high con-
crete columns located in the
building's covers.
The Arena is located in the
heart of downtown Orlando. A
master plan for Centroplex, the
80-acre development adjacent to
the city's central business dis-
trict, incorporates the new arena
with an existing 2,500-seat per-
forming arts facility, convention/
exhibit hall and a 300-room ho-
tel. An existing city recrea-
tional/tennis center will also be
Park-like areas, walkways
and fountains enliven the public
By integrating existing build-
ings and new structures into a
cohesive urban plan, the Centro-
plex has a strong civic focus rep-
resenting a strong public invest-
ment in Orlando's future.
By holding the roofline back
from the edge of the building, the
designers were able to create ex-
terior skybox terraces and reduce
the overall scale of the arena so it
conforms to its site and neigh-
bors. In addition, the height of
the structure is minimized by the
use of horizontal bands of glass
and glass block on the exterior.
Nonreflective gray glass on the
north and south sides allow the
arena seating bowl to be viewed
from the outside. Curved walls
on the east and west sides are
made of glass block which re-
flects light during the day and
glows dramatically at night.
Diane Frank

The author is a freelance writer
and consultant.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

Industrial and Commercial Refinishing

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990



Wherever you go, for work or
play, there's a good chance we're
already there providing solid
support through our ready-mix
concrete, aggregate, cement,
concrete blocks and other
materials. We're helping build
strong communities and a better
life for everyone in Florida.

5 Rinker Materials

Circle 16 on Reader Inquiry Card

for that natural look.

Keystone is real Florida cut coral, a shell traver-
tine from the Florida Keys. Diamond sawed, cut
six sides to your specifications. A natural light
cream with rich tones of red-brown and black.


1414 N.W. 3rd Avenue / Florida City, FL 33034
(305) 245-4716
Circle 13 on Reader Inquiry Card

Florida's Largest On-Site
Electrostatic Painting Company
ASID Merit Award Winner for Outstanding
Assistance and Contributions
* Office Furniture & Elevators
Equipment Lockers
* Rest Room and Metal Shelving
Office Wall Hospital Equipment
Partitioning Machinery
1705 W. 32nd PLACE HIALEAH, FLORIDA 33012
Dade: (305) 821-1988 Broward: (305) 434-4400
Tampa: (305) 626-9389 1-800-638-4413
Circle 14 on Reader Inquiry Card



AIA Members Save Money
On AIA Documents.
Order Today.

Florida Association/
American Institute of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street
P.O. Box 10388
Tallahassee, Florida 32302
FAX: (904)- 224-8048 (credit card only)
Tel: (904) 222-7590
Ask for Scarlett Rhodes

* Manufactured in Lakeland, Florida
* 48-hour Delivery
* Fast, Simple Installation by One Sub-Contractor
* Reduced Construction Time
* All Necessary Building Code Approvals
* Long Uninterrupted Spans
* Unbeatable Fire Ratings
* Excellent Sound Attenuation
* Monolithic Construction
* Distributor/Installers throughout Florida

Contact in Lakeland

Eleven Talbot Avenue. Rankin PA 15104
PHONE 412/351-3913
TWX: 710-664-4424

rc 22 an Reader Inquiry Card

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

For more information about
Kohler Plumbing Products
see these Kohler distributors:

Lawrence Plumbing
Supply Company
5700 W. Flagler St.
Miami, Florida 33144
(305) 266-3338

31 S.W. 57th Avenue
Miami, Florida 33144
(305) 266-1571

405 N. Flagler Avenue
Homestead, Florida 33030
(305) 248-7020

8712 S.W. 129th St.
Miami, Florida 33176
(305) 251-7022
Wool Plumbing
Distributors of Plumbing
and Decorative Hardware

5910 Shirley St.
(off Pine Ridge Rd.)
Naples, Florida 33942
(813) 597-8155
1321 NE 12th Avenue
Ft. Lauderdale, Florida 33304
(305) 763-3632

4340 SW 74th Avenue
Miami, Florida 33155
(305) 266-7111

6778 N. Military Trail
West Palm Beach, FL 33407
(305) 863-7788

Cirle 6 on Reader Inquiry Card

Unrestricted Area
Freewill"Barrier-Free Shower. Unrestricted showering. Plus unrestricted
design options. Both make Kohler's Freewill Shower an attractive choice for
commercial use. A roomy design allows greater bathing mobility and easier transport
from wheelchairs. The one-piece, easy-to-install seamless acrylic shower comes in six
beautiful Kohler colors. Along with color-contrasting, nylon-coated safety bars and
fold-up seat. And with five barrier-free models (including a bath), there is a Kohler"
shower to fit virtually any special application. So why go "institutional" when the
Freewill Shower gives any area a distinctively residential look?

Finally, We Got To Europe
by Ron Haase, AIA

My wife, Janet, and I were both
56 this year. And we finally got to
Europe. All of of our kids are off on
their own, at last (or nearly so), I
had no teaching assignment for the
summer and my wife had saved up
a little stash of vacation time, so ...
"Let's Go For It!"
Our own self-styled itinerary took
us along the crescent where Europe
meets the Mediterranean Sea; from
Barcelona in Spain, across the French
Riviera, through Northern Italy and
then down the Adriatic Sea to Athens
and finally, the little white-washed
Greek Island of Mykonos.
We shot 30 rolls of slides and
print film during our 5 weeks of tra-
vel, but at Janet's insistence, I also
took along a sketch book and a few
favorite pens. Since some of my
sketches may conjure up memories
for other architect-travelers, I am
delighted to share them with Florida
Architect's readers.

The author is a Professor ofArchi-
tecture at the University of Florida.

Three Sketches From Mykonos
This rocky, wind-swept island with
its modest white-washed structures was
a perfect ending to a rich five-week ar-
chitectural feast. We're definitely going
1. The narrow streets of Mykonos with
the ubiquitous T-shirts for sale.
2. Century old windmills facing into
the north wind.
3. The Paraportiani Church, icing on the
"white-cake" architecture of Mykonos.

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

"e"OO '"

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

Our Copyright

Makes Your Copy

Wrong... And Illegal

Making copies of blank AIA Documents is a good way
to get into trouble. Besides, it's wrong and illegal. The
AIA Documents are updated periodically to reflect the
interests of everyone in the construction industry.
Copying AIA Documents violates copyright law and
increases your liability for damages and misunder-
standings if an outdated version is used. We have the
current AIA Documents in stock; FULL
order your supply today. It's SERVICE
the best way to keep DISTRIBUTOR
your copies right... (
and our copyright.
Florida Association/
American Institute
of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street
P.O. Box 10388
Tallahassee, Florida 32302
FAX: (904) 224-8048 (creditcardonly)
Tel: (904) 222-7590
Ask for Scarlett Rhodes
AIA Documents. the foundation for building agreements. ,,3., AA

I Iarris &
Construction Cost Consultants

Our staff includes:
* C/S/A Estimators
* Mechanical Estimators
* Electrical Estimators

Let us become a
member of your
design team.

Mailing Address
P.O. Box 14429
Greenville, SC 29610
(803) 246-8040
FAX (803) 246-6807

Largest Cost Consultant
in the Carolinas

Estimating experience in:
* State-Funded Projects
* University Structures
* Residential Projects
* Commercial Projects
* Multi-Family Housing

Shipping Address
Suite 15, Centre West
1601 Cedar Lane Road
Greenville, SC 29611

Circle 12 on Reader Inquiry Card

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

P.O. Box 422347 Kissimmee, FL 34742-2347
407-933-6595 800-345-5361
FAX No. 407-933-8469
Ba Rdge

* Largest Selection in Florida of In Stock AITC Certified
Glulam Beams and PFS Inspected LVL's

acceptance in all jurisdictions
throughout the U.S.

ASSOCIATE Residential, Industrial, Commercial and
MEMBER Institutional Buildings and Bridges
See usat the FA/AIA Conference July 13,
The Swan, Booth 27. Circle 9 on Reader Inquiry Card



SINCE 1974
Circle 24 on Reader Inquiry Card

New Products and Services

Ornament From
Pineapple Grove

In architecture, the smallest
details can make an enormous
difference. The application of
architectural ornament is one effec-
tive way to individualize designs
and enhance otherwise unadorned
Pineapple Grove Designs in
Delray Beach, Florida, has a line
of sculptured architectural orna-
ments designed specifically for the
building industry. It's acombina-
tion of art and architecture that
inspires the Pineapple Grove
Designs which come in all sizes and
shapes, including tropical-styled
friezes, Southwestern medallions,
half-circles with traditional designs,
squares with a Caribbean flair and
modern geometric patterns.
The designs come in different
sizes and are designed to be used
in different places throughout a
building. The friezes are repeated
patterns that can be used both
horizontally and vertically and can
be interspersed with matching

Each design is cast in material
that is extremely durable regardless
of the climate. The ornament is also
virtually maintenance-free and
comes in seven colors from coquina
white to lava black.
For more information, call (407)
272-4595. Products from Pineapple
Grove Designs can only be pur-
chased through licensed architects,
interior designers, landscape archi-
tects and builders.

Arden Introduces
Rugged Scrub

Arden Architectural Specialties
has introduced a new entry mat/
grate "carpet" surface which won't
compact with dirt or show traffic
patterns. The new carpet surface,
called Rugged Scrub, can be speci-
fied to update all makes and brands
of mats or grates as well as new
GrateDesign (R) entry installations.
Rugged Scrub's individual sur-
face tufts are made of resilient
chisel-ended polymer strands. By
actively scrubbing away dirt from
shoes, boots and athletic footwear,
Rugged Scrub effectively reduces
maintenance costs throughout the
entire buildings. Because the in-
dividual tufts don't compact with
dirt, traffic patterns are not exposed
and entry areas retain their new look
and replacement costs are effec-
tively lowered.
For ease of maintenance, dry
sand or light mud can be simply
removed by a beater brush vacuum.
Wet mud or slush is effectively
washed away with a garden hose.
Prices and samples are available
from Arden by calling 1-800-521-

Roofscaping Design
Concept Introduced

A new design concept in roofline
technology has been introduced by
FibreCem Corporation. The new
design is reflective of the versatil-
ity and flexibility of non-asbestos
fiber cement roofing slates. The

concept was developed to empha-
size the variety of roof designs
which can be created by the archi-
tectatacost lowerthan natural slate.
Roofscaping designs can be
achieved with Southern Slate,
EuroSlate or Beaver Shingles and
FibreCem offers technical service
and support to advise on design and
The stron,. durable slates can

be installed in any climate and they
stand well against the freeze-thaw
cycle, standing snow, rain, sun and
saltwater. Their material charac-
teristics make them rigid, weather-
resistant and protect them from
impact or environmental caustics
without rotting or deterioration.
Slates are also naturally pest resis-
tant, do not enhance fungal growth,
have a very low linear expansion,
are highly impermeable and are safe
to install because of their non-
asbestos formulation.
For more information on
Roofscaping, contact FibreCem
Corporation, Seven Woodlawn
Green, Suite 212, Charlotte, NC
28217 orcall (704) 527-2727 or 1-
800-346-6147 or FAX (704) 527-

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

New Lightweight
Glass Block Is Virtually

Outwater Plastic Industries now
offers Deco-Blocs, which are
Lexan (R) plastic alternatives to
conventional glass blocks in crys-
tal clear, future blue, green, red and
smoke. A unique snap-lock feature
enables fast assembly and disman-
tling without the need for special
tools. Assembly is a matter of
snapping each eight inch square
block together using the palm of
your hand or a rubber mallet while
moving in a diagonal motion. The
blocks use RTV or other thermally-
expandable grout and can be sealed
with an adhesive sealant.
Compared with glass blocks,
Lexan (R) blocks reduce labor
installation costs by as much as 90%
and are stronger, lighter and more
impact resistant. They are more
thermally-efficient and waterproof
than glass. The material is the same
tough Lexan (R) used for street
lights, traffic signals and skylights.
Designed for residential and
commercial use, the blocks offer
security and privacy, and are well-
suited for kitchens, bathrooms,
stairway backgrounds and room
For further information, contact
Outwater Plastic Industries, 4
Passaic Street, Wood-Ridge, N.J.
07075 or 1-800-888-0880.


- Th e W t

Uni-Decor"' Concrete Paving Stones impart classic
elegance. strength and durability to any paving project.
Ideal for residential drives and patios, as well as com-
mercial plazas and courtyards. Uni-Decor' is the preferred
choice among discriminating builders, architects and
designers, worldwide
Patented Uni-Decor' is available exclusively from Paver
Systems, the leading manufacturer of concrete pavers in
the Southeast


Qwter^1K Syste~m

7167 INIERPACE RD. W PALM BEACH. FL 33407 (407)844-5202
39 WEST LANDSIREEI RD. ORLANDO, FL 32824 (407) 859-9117
6937 ROGERS LAKE RD.. UTHONIA-AILANTA GA 30058 (404) 482-6466
1400 EAST 39th ST. CHATTANOOGA, TN 37407 (615) 867-4510
3201 FRANKLIN LIMESTONE RD. NASHVILLE IN 37013 (015)834-1207

Circle 11 on Reader Inquiry Card

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990


For Sale: Architectural rFrm
Serving SW Region.
Established Phoenix firm with a
26 year history, high recognition and
an excellent reputation. Arizona
"C" corporation owned 100% by its
founder and current president. Health
care specialists, work in process
clients include 8 hospitals, several
physician groups, 2 major HMO's,
and 3 county medical projects. Gross
revenues average 1.6 million per year.
Work in process currently totals 2.6
.million gross fees. Extensive client
network overlaps into California pro-
viding excellent opportunity to ex-
pand operations into southern Cali-
fornia. Enjoys an excellent relation-
ship with consultant, governing
agency, and construction communi-
ties. Occupies first class 7,800 sq. ft.
office facilities, central Phoenix, 10
minutes from airport, fully equipped
to accommodate a staff of 40. De-
tailed and complete accounting sys-
tems and business management
functions. Buyer to assume approxi-
mately $200,000 in current payables,
all work in process, and $450,000
tax shelter from loss carry forward.
Seller is willing to continue full or
part-time with the firm up to 3 years,
either as an employee or consultant.
A reasonable covenant not to com-
pete is available. Futher information
is available by writing to 3003 North
Central Avenue #121-395, Phoe-
nix, Arizona 85012.

Highly detailed and realistic scale
models for presentation. Speed the
approval process, enhance your sales
or leasing effort. Call for our bro-
chure. Scale Model & Design Stu-
dios, 100 Harrington St., Raleigh,
NC 27603 (919) 832-4304.

Double ply brown kraft bags,
meeting all postal requirements.
Size 6 X 4 X 38 inches long sell for
$28.00 per 100. To order, call Blue-
print Bag Co. at (904) 328-3541.

Atelier South is an Architectural
Illustration Studio offering Florida,
Georgia and Alabama the finest in
architectural delineation. We work
in a variety of media and can meet
your specific scheduling demands.
Call or write for an interview or
sample portfolio. Atelier South,
P.O. Box 10547, Pensacola, FL
32524, (904) 484-7933.


An AIA task force is developing
an Owner Construction Manager
agreement for CM-as-Constructor
situations. Included on the task force
are representatives of the AIA and
the Associated General Contractors
of America (AGC).
Cunent editions, dating from 1980
and 1982, are tailored to the con-
struction manager who acts strictly
as a professional and representative
of the owner. Experience has shown
that other types and other docu-
ments were needed to address them,
such as:
CM as Agent: (as contemplated in
the current editions of the CM docu-
ments.) The construction manager
acts as a professional adviser and
agent for the owner.
Architect: (with CM services) The
architect provides both design and
construction management services
and acts as a professional adviser
and agent of the owner. The archi-
tect with CM services can perform
none of the construction work.

CM: (with limited construction)
The construction manager acts as a
professional adviser and agent of
the owner.
CM as Constructor: The construc-
tion manager is the constructor for
all or part of the project with the
mixed duties of a professional ad-
viser and agent to the owner as well
as the construction contractor.
The task force elected not to ad-
dress the construction manager as
a project manager who hires and
directs the Architect and the con-
tractors, because it is relatively un-
common and the construction man-
ager as a design/builder providing
a single source of responsibility to
the owner for services and product,
because it is included in AIA design/
build documents.
Revisions on these documents
are almost complete; drafts are cir-
culating to the Architect with CM
services as CM-as-Constructor docu-
ments. Publication of the new CM
editions is projected for early 1991.
For more information on the CM
editions or other document updates
call Scarlett Rhodes at FA/AIA
(904) 222-7590.

1 Added
suI Rescllcr

CAD systems

CAD supplies
ARRIS is a trademrk of Signa Desin, In





Give people great tools and
they'll accomplish great things.
That's the whole idea behind the
SPARCstationTl. The most
powerful desktop in the world.
The SPARCstationTMl is
revolutionizing the architectural
and interior design industries.
And when you put the features
and capabilities of ARRIS software
on the Sun SPARCstationTm
platform, you are equipped with
the finest architectural workstation
For a demonstration of how the
SPARCstationml can revolutionize
your design projects, call us today.

777 S. State Road 7, Suite 3
Margate, Florida 33068
(305) 968-8591
Fax (305) 968-1622

Circle 1 on Reader Inquiry Card

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

Sun Mirosystes and die Sun logo arreegqered trademarks and
SPAtCstauon s trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc I

7 -INC

6964 Aloma Avenue
S\Winter Park, FL 32792
(Outside Orlando)

Member, National Association of
SElevator Contractors


Overcome Architectural Barriers
In Public Buildings
Sales, Installation and 24 hour service of Vertical
and Inclined Wheelchair Lifts.
Residence Elevators
Call for Consultation and Free Evaluation for
for Handicapped ACCESS and EGRESS.

Circle 15 on Reader Inquiry Card


Radon: A New Code for Construction and Mitigation
by Ray Johnson, AIA

Radon is a naturally occurring,
colorless, odorless and almost
chemically inert (inactive) gas, but
it is also radioactive. It is found in
most all geographic areas of the
world. It is constantly being formed
from small amounts of uranium in
rocks and soil. It breaks down or
decays into other elements, which
are also radioactive, giving off
radiation in minute particles which
act like tiny bullets. The particles
may cause significant damage to
sensitive lung tissue where the
radon decay products adhere to the
lungs when inhaled. The damage
increases the risk for lung cancer
which is the primary health hazard
related to radon gas.
Radon enters a building through
various openings and foundation
cracks and can accumulate to
hazardous levels if the building is
tightly sealed. Accumulation of
radon in sufficient quantities pres-
ents health risks to persons who are
exposed to it for extended periods
of time. Radon levels may vary
widely from building to building
because the uranium content in the
soil and rocks beneath them differ
dramatically. Radon is generally
only a problem when it is confined
and where exposure is of long
duration. As with most problems,
there are several solutions; radon
gas can be minimized in new con-
struction and mitigated in existing

As early as 1597, a physician in
eastern Europe noted that a high
frequency of fatal lung conditions
(which turned out to be lung can-
cer) occurred among the local
miners. Approximately 300 years
later scientists discovered the ra-
dioactivity of uranium and demon-
strated that radon is a radioactive
gas. The first medical use of radon
occurred in 1914. In the 1940s,
scientists began to show a causal
link between radon and lung can-

cer. In 1984, high levels of radon
were found in homes in Reading,
Pennsylvania, and because of this,
the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency entered the picture.
Shortly after radium was discov-
ered, its medical applications began
for both malignant and non-malig-
nant conditions. Radon was encap-
sulated in gold seeds and used for
medical purposes primarily for the
treatment of malignant tumors. In
the early days of the study of radia-
tion, X-rays were quite useful in the
diagnosis of various medical con-
ditions. However, there were many
applications that bordered on the
bizarre with its share of quacks and
quackery that claimed to cure
cancer. Most of the quacks were
simply crooks and their products
generally harmless. But, in the early
1920s, a toothpaste was marketed
with radium that emanated radon;
it was supposed to prevent dental
Spas and mines have also played
their roles in using radon as a treat-
ment for various ills. The so-called
"health mines" such as the Merry
Widow, Earth Angel and the Ra-
don Tunnel in the Rocky Mountains
were believed by many to reduce
or eliminate pain. The radon level
in these mines is considered a health
hazard today if exposure is over a
long period of time.
While there have been various
medical applications forradium and
radon, the health hazard related to
inhaling high concentrations of
radon is believed to be the second
majorcause of lung cancel, second
only to smoking.

The State of Florida became the
first state in the nation to pass a rule
regulating exposure of its citizens
to naturally occurring radioactive
materials in the environment. The
rule establishes standards for ex-
posure of the public to both gamma
radiation and to radon decay prod-

ucts in new homes, schools and'
commercial buildings. Of the two
types of radiation, that from radon
decay products is considered the
more significant hazard. The source
of these radiations is mainly the
rocks and soil, which in some parts
of Florida are richer in radioactive
elements than are others. Phosphate
deposits which underlie some areas
of the state are ofparticular concern.
Deposits of phosphate rock
underlie many areas of Florida.
Some of the deposits contain
enough uranium and radium to
cause hazardous concentrations of
radon in air, particularly where such
rocks approach or are exposed at
the surface due to mining or natu-
ral causes.
On February 1, 1990, the Board
of Regents delivered a draft of the
"Florida Code for Radon Resistant
Construction & Mitigation" to the
Department ofCommunity Affairs.
The DCA will hold workshops
throughout the State in order to
receive comments on the Code.
Under the current schedule, adop-
tion of the Code will take place in
June, 1991, with implementation
to take effect on July 1, 1992. The
Department of Health and Rehabili-
tative Services has adopted stan-
dards for regulating certification of
businesses and persons engaged in
control of radiation hazards. Spe-
cifically, "Beginning January 1,
1989, no person may test for or
mitigate the presence of radon in
Florida for a fee or other remunera-
tion unless such person has been
certified..." The complete rule
should be studied before pursuing
its application.

Where Does Indoor Radon Come
This gas is produced by the ra-
dioactive decay of uranium and ra-
dium which are common elements
found in most geologic formations.

Radon, being one of the nobel
gasses is characterized by being
inert, or chemically inactive, and
therefore is a highly mobile radio-
active material. This characteris-
tic of chemical inactivity results in
radon being able to migrate freely
through most soils and other ma-
terials, such as floor systems. The
radioactive half-life of radon is 3.8
days, therefore the type of soils
overlying the radon source greatly
affects the amount of radon at the
Radon can diffuse into and be
transported by water only to escape
into the atmosphere when the water
is aerated, such as in showering.
This water-borne source of radon
has not been found to be of any
significance in Florida.
As previously noted, uranium,
radium and its decay products are
present in low concentrations in
soil. However, not all radon escapes
from the soil into the air due to the
life of the radon gas. The infiltra-
tion of high concentrations into
structures provides the most promi-
nent source of indoor radon under
most circumstances. The flow into
structures is generally due to a
pressure differential between the
soil and the structure.
It is important to note that it is a
combination of the radon gas con-
centration, the leakiness of the
structure, the pressure differential,
the weather conditions, the me-
chanical systems, and the total
volume of soil gas that can be
exhausted into the structure that
governs the amount of indoor ra-
don. Thus structures with high
radon concentrations can be found
not only on high radium soils, but
also on soils of below average
radium content.
The combination of radium
concentration, soil porosity and
building characteristics make it
difficult to predict the indoor radon
concentration that will be found in
any given structure. However,

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

areas of increased probability of an
indoor radon problem may be iden-
tified based on geology, such as the
presence of phosphate.
Other sources of radon include
water and natural gas, however, as
these substances are stored and
transmitted over relatively long
lines during which the decay proc-
ess takes place, the danger of any
sizeable concentration is mini-
mized. The problem in water
appears to exist primarily in deep-
drilled wells which will increase
indoor radon concentration when
the water is extracted and used

The U.S. EPA warning in 1986
urged homeowners to take correc-
tive action if radon levels are above
4 picocuries of radioactivity perliter
of air. A picocurie is a trillionth of
a curie, a measure of radiation.
The standard set forth in the
recently adopted rule in the Flor-
ida statutes is 0.02 WL. Average
or background levels for Florida are
around .004 WL. The U.S. Envi-
ronmental Protection Agency es-
timates that a lifetime of exposure
(70years) forthose who spend 75%
of theirtime in dwelling with 0.02
WL concentration would produce
about 20 lung cancer deaths due to
radon per 1,000 people so exposed.
Various measurement devices
include a charcoal canister, alpha
track detectors and assorted other
devices. The most commonly used
device is the charcoal canister,
which is generally good for a pre-
liminary analysis. The alpha truck
device is generally used to deter-
mine longer term conditions of
radon exposure.

Why is Radon a Problem?
As radon migrates upward
through the soil and encounters a
barrier, such as a floor system, it

becomes trapped and over time
builds up to very high concentra-
tions. These levels, upwards of
5,000 to 8,000 pCi/1, become a
highly concentrated source, such
that when pathways are found
through the floor system highly
enriched soil gas is emanated in the
structure. Once trapped inside,
indoorconcentrations will increase
to, and exceed, levels found to be
hazardous to human health. The
higher the concentration combined
with the length of exposure dura-
tion, the higher the risk to the oc-
Radon, by itself, is really of little
concern. The reason radon is
viewed to be such a health problem
is due to the subsequent radioac-
tive decay products produced from
the radon atom. These decay prod-
ucts are commonly referred to as
"radon daughters" or "progeny"
which are solid particles. Four
successive isotopes are created, one
after another, in rapid succession
until finally, 57 minutes later, the
process terminates in the creation
of a "stable" isotope of lead (210
Pb). These sequentially-created
isotopes are particles, not gasses,
and have very short half-lives and
all are electrostatically charged.
This electrostatic charge causes
these particles to bind or"plate-out"
to other particles and/or surfaces.
Dust, smoke and other airborne
materials become contaminated
with these radioactive materials and
when inhaled, and filtered out in the
lungs and bronchial track, bring
these radioactive materials into
close contact with the very sensi-
tive tissues of the respiratory sys-
Current EPA guidelines suggest
that remedial action be considered
when radon concentrations inside
a house exceed an annual average
of 4 picocuries of radon per liter of
air or when the radon progeny
exceed roughly 0.02 "working
levels". By some estimates, 12%

of U.S. houses might have radon
concentrations exceeding this
Radon gas is and always has
been present in the environment.
Increased risk is due primarily to
human activities which have been
at work to enhance the radon level.
Human exposure to radon results
from several sources including
surface mines, underground mines,
phosphate mines, milling proc-
esses, solution mining operations,
indoor radon, fossil fuel combus-
tion, natural gas, oil, coal fired
plants and airborne radon.


To estimate the risk to members
of the general population is subject
to heated debate. Differences in
those issues results in a wide range
of estimates about the numbers of
deaths due to lung cancer caused
by radon. Most of the debate cen-
ters on the predominant contribu-
tion of smoking to lung cancerrisk.
The EPA estimates that approxi-
mately 5,000 to 20,000 lung can-
cer deaths may be attributable to
indoor radon exposure.
The State of Florida and the
National Standard objective is to
keep the radiation exposure to the
public from naturally occurring
radioactive materials as low as
reasonably achievable and reasona-
bly close to "no greater than the
ambient outdoor levels."
There is no level at which radon
can be completely safe. Scientists
are currently quite limited in their
ability to really estimate the risks,
especially at low exposures. These
same scientists apply linear model
to estimate the risk; the model is
based upon studies of miners that
have fairly well-established lung
cancer risk due to exposure to high
levels of radon. If you double the
exposure, you double the risk, and
vice versa.
Putting radon into perspective:
Smoking kills 350,000 people

each year (U.S. Surgeon General)
Traffic accidents account for 50
to 60,000 deaths each year.
This past winter, flu killed "tens
of thousands" (news reports)
Radon deaths in the U.S. due to
lung cancer is estimated between
8,000 and 40,000 with an average
of 21,000 each year. There is a
chance of one in 12,000 of dying
due to radon as compared with an
auto accident of I in 5,000.

In summary, the proposed "Flor-
ida Code For Radon Resistant
Construction and Mitigation...
1) applies to the construction and
alteration of every building or struc-
ture except assembly, hazardous,
factory-industrial and storage
2) provides for alternative meth-
ods to achieve compliance.
3) will be administered by local
4)is Statewide Policy; cannot be
preempted by local authorities.
5) requires proof of compliance
before a Certificate of Occupancy
can be issued.

* in and of itself the Code is proba-
bly OK.
* as with any new code, there are
undoubtedly some loopholes.
* cost of implementation in a new
structure may be relatively minor.
* cost of mitigation will be more
* universal approach in applying
it to all areas of Florida is question-
* is radon another issue like
"asbestos"? ...which is perhaps not
the hazard it was thought to be.
* the bureaucracy and its related
paperwork may exceed the con-
struction and mitigation costs.
A copy of the draft code may be
obtained from:

Continued on next page

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

*Architectural and Engineering CADD Systems.
*Top of the line training and support.
*First rate plotting and digitizing services.
*Computer time rental.
190 Minorca Ave., Coral Gables, FL 33134
445-6526 FAX
Authorized Autodesk Dealer
AutoCAD is registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office by Autodesk, Inc.

The Department of Community
Ralph K. Hook, Section Admin-
Codes and Standards
2740 Centerview Drive
Tallahassee, Florida 32399-2100

Adoption of a Radon Resistant
Construction & Mitigation Code in
Florida is probably inevitable.
However, every architect should
stay abreast of the code develop-
ment. Radon is, and always will be,
a part of our lives, so become
familiar with the proposed code and
offer your suggestions and com-
ments on how it may be approved.
As architects, you will have another
code that will impact your business.
Please forward your comments
to: Ray Johnson & Associates,
P.A.,431 East Central Blvd., Suite
230,Orlando,FL32801. Allofyour
comments, questions, suggestions,
etc. will be compiled for presenta-
tion to the full FA/AIA Board of
Directors and to the Department of
Community Affairs Coordinating

Ray Johnson is an Architect in
Orlando. He was appointedby the
FA/AIA to serve on the Florida
Coordinating Council on Radon
Protection, an advisory board to
the FloridaDepartment ofCommu-
nity Affairs.









Randall I. Atlas, Ph.D., AIA, CPP
2 Palm Bay Court
Miami, Florida 33138

(305) 756-5027
FAX (305) 576-1390

Circle 19 on Reader Inquiry Card

At the Bruner Foundation, we believe in cities. That's why we
offer a reward for urban excellence. When an urban place
succeeds, everybody ought to know about it, and build on it.
Nowadays, the development process is a struggle among
diverse perspectives. Developers watch the bottom line.
Designers see aesthetic possibilities. Governments look to
balance growth. Neighborhood groups concentrate on the
quality of community life.
The Rudy Bruner Award honors those urban places which have
found ways to make it all work together-the financial, visual,
and social values.
The Award is also our way of luring suspects out into the open.
So we can capture the best that's out there. And spread the word.
To provide a major information source for urban and
community development professionals, a book is published
after each two-year cycle of the Rudy Bruner Award detailing
the winning project and finalists.

The winning project tea
Finalists receive a $1,0
Deadline for subm

A publiclprivate partnership
a vital 24-hour urban place
A tenant alternative to city
For details of the 1991 award
The Rudy Bruner Awar(



m receives $25,000.
00 honorarium.
missions: November 3

dedicated to making downtown

management of abandoned build
s program now underway, plea
Sfor Excellence in the Urban E
244 Fifth Avenue
York, New York 10001
(212) 889-5366
m A _-u

0, 1990


ise write or call:

da ILEA,

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

ts ~ ~s~-~--

- "~


RO. Box 8325 / Pembroke Pines, FL 33024 / (305) 962-6884
FLORIDA: 800-940-4527 / NATIONAL: 800-456-7093 C 37 on Reader inquiry Card



You've built a great reputation because
you have always insisted on specifying and
using only the best materials.
f t you know your pool installation will be
completed with the finest materials. And
you'll have the peace of mind of knowing
you will have a satisfied pool owner.
Pooltite produces a clean, marble-like
appearance that enhances the beauty of the
pool. And Kooldeck provides a durable,
attractive, cool surface which is resistant to
wear. Since both are competitively priced,
they actually save money in the long run,
since the time spent on repeated call-backs
is cut to a
SInsist on the
best. Specify
Pooltite and
Kooldeck from PERMA
PermaCrete. CRETE
For further information write or call C.L. INDUSTRIES, INC.
PO. Box 593704, Orlando, Florida 32859-3704
(407) 851-2660; 1-800-333-2660; FAX: (407) 240-2743
Circle 26 on Reader Inquiry Card

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990

Express your imagination with



prints of articles that have appeared in Florida Ar-
chitect over the past five years are available for use
in mailings and presentations. These custom promotion
brochures reproduce the article exactly as it appeared
in Florida Architect.
For more information, cost estimates, and help with
the layout and design of your reprints, call: Carolyn
Maryland, 904-222-7590.

The 1990 FA/AIA Design Conference
Trade Show Success Recipe

The Ingredients:
Three parts Architects and/or Design Professionals
Mix in one part Swan Hotel and
The Florida Association/American Institute of Architects
Sift in Exciting, Innovative Products-

The process: Mix vigorously. Blend in good food, drinks, some
Disney for flavor.

Bake one afternoon in July. SUCCESS! !

FLORIDA ARCHITECT September/October 1990


Getting Work in the Public Sector
by George Allen, CAE, Executive Vice President

When architects from differ-
ent parts of the state get
together these days, an often-asked
question is "How is it going in your
area?" A common response is,
"Well, we are finishing up some
work and after that, I just don't
Of course, these are generaliza-
tions. Some firms are as busy as
they've ever been while others are
laying people off due to a lack of
Ready for another generalization?
If it were not for the public sector
construction work, then even the
firms which are busy would be lay-
ing people off. School and univer-
sity construction in Florida alone
is pumping $600 million into the
construction market place, while
state government projects are adding
another $855 million to the pot. The
Department of Corrections is in-
volved in building prisons to the
tune of nearly 20,000 beds by the
end of 1991 to house our burgeon-

ing prison population.
Recent surveys by the AIA indi-
cate that only about 14 percent of
the firms in our area receive a sub-
stantial portion of their revenues
from state and local government
clients. This means a fairly large
number of firms are probably in the
process of scrambling to get into
the public market place.
Convincing a school board to let
you design a school when you've
never designed one before can be
a major hurdle for an architectural
firm. And, if you convince a public
agency to give you a commission,
getting up to speed on the rules and
regulations specific to that agency
can be mind-boggling. Getting paid
in a timely manner so that you can
make payroll without visiting your
banker can be even more traumatic.
If you are attempting to enter the
public market and trying to over-
come these encumbrances on your
own, your chances for success are
pretty slim. You desperately need

to talk with your colleagues in the
profession to find the open doors.
Your most immediate source of in-
formation is other architects in your
AIA Chapter. But, competition
being what it is, you may find that
to be a blind alley.

Therefore, contacts with knowl-
edgeable persons at the state and
national levels would seem to be a
good source of information. Here's
a list of contacts at the state level
and the commissions or committees
they currently chair: Henry Alex-
ander, AIA, (305) 552-5200, Public
Affairs Commission; Joe Garcia,
AIA, (904) 377-6884, Public Affairs
Commission; Robert G. Bell, AIA,
(813) 530-4605, Governmental Af-
fairs Committee; James H. Anstis,
FAIA, (407) 844-7070, Codes and
Standards Committee; H. Dean
Rowe, FAIA, (813) 221-8771, Pro-
fessional Regulation Committee;
Enrique Woodroffe, AIA, (813)
253-2002, Minute Man Committee.

Key contacts can also be found
on the Governmental Affairs Com-
mittee which meets about four times
a year with representatives of the
Department of General Services,
the Department of Education and
the State University System. The
main thrust of this committee has
been to discuss in detail the archi-
tect/owner contract provisions, the
compensation guidelines, insurance
requirements, codes and standards,
and future work plans which the
departments are responsible for
The Governmental Affairs Com-
mittee includes many experts on
public architecture whom you can
contact. They include John Barley,
AIA, (904) 384-2240; Rudolph
Arsenicos, AIA, (407) 627-6000;
Edward Bartz, FAIA, (813) 281-0533;
and William Blizzard, AIA, (813)
229-1730. There are other experts
and resources available. If you have
a question or need a contact, give
us a call at the headquarters.



These trumpeter swan cygnets represent a
species driven to the brink of extinction. The
primary cause: habitat loss.
Since 1951, The Nature Conservancy has
protected millions of acres of habitat for
threatened plant and animal species in all 50
A good job .. but not good enough. We
can't afford to rest on our laurels; they may
Join us. Help us protect Earth's wealth of
living things for future generations. Write
The Nature Conservancy, Florida Chapter,
1353 Palmetto Avenue, Winter Park, FL 32789.
(407) 628-5887.

Conservation Through Private Action

Original concept courtesy of Lewis & Partners. San Francsco

By simply using different installation
techniques with our unsurpassed selection
of tiles, you can create unique
architectural statements.
Techniques like staggered coursing, and
achieving distinctive variegations using our
Premium Blended Colorthru Tiles.
With Lifetile, any way you look at it you'll
see superb results. Everytime.
Your designs and Lifetile roofs.
A pattern of excellence.

Whether commercial or residential,
we know what you want. Because we
listen to what you say.

Fire-Safe roofing with the Concrete Advantage

Rialto, California Stockton, California Casa Grande. Arizona Katy. Texas San Antonio, Texas Lake Wile-. Florida
(714) 822-4407 (209) 983-1600 (602) 836-8100 (713) 371-2634 (512) 626-2771 (813) 676-9405
Member of National Tile Roofing Manufacturers Association, Inc. Circle 29 n Reader inquiry Card


Why settle for "equivalent" quality.

When you get roofing plans that read
.."or equivalent quality" you can
afford to use Bender concrete roof
tiles to add quality that's more
than just "equivalent." Because
Bender quality and color run
all the way through
every tile!

Nail hole punched through
------at top of curve (less cracking)

Double weather checks
are clean and precise

Color consistency
(no exposed edges)

r Seats raise tile
From battens
(minimizes contact area)

Nail hole completely through --

* Manufacturing process Reinforcement ribs
allows consistency in
weight and thickness
* Assures more even Double weather checks
looking roof installation go all the way across
* Lightweight- up to 35% lighter (assures complete seal)
than most concrete tile
* Fungus Retarding top coat
* Color throughout /

Specify superior quality and value with Bender Roof Tile. .V.
SBCCI No. 8736

For more information contact:

3100 S.E. County Road 484 P.O. Box 190 Belleview, Florida 32620
(904) 245-7074* FAX (904) 245-1873 1-800-527-5808 Florida Only

Circle 43 on Reader Inquiry Card

University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs