Title: Florida architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00276
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Series Title: Florida architect.
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: May-June 1989
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073793
Volume ID: VID00276
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Full Text

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SNine Residences by Florida Architects
i William Graves + Associates, Architects
The Graves Residence, Pensacola Beach, Florida

May/June 1989
Vol. 36, No. 3

Florida Architect, Official Journal of the
Florida Association of the American In-
stitute of Architects, is owned and pub-
lished by the Association, a Florida Cor-
poration not for profit. ISSN-0015-3907.
It is published six times a year at the
Executive Office of the Association, 104
East Jefferson St., Tallahassee, Florida
32302. 'Tlephone (904) 222-7590.
Opinions expressed by contributors are
not necessarily those of the FA/AIA.
Editorial material may be reprinted only
with the express permission of Florida
Single copies, $2.00; Annual subscrip-
tion, $19.08. Third class postage.

Johnson Peterson Holliday Architects
The Johnson Residence, Tallhassee, Florida

Mitchell O'Neill, AIA
The O'Neill Residence, Palm Beach Gardens, Florida

Karl Thorne Associates, Inc.
The Stecenko Residence, Gainesville, Florida
Henry B. Konover, AIA, P.A.
Coventry Estates, North Miami Beach, Florida
The Jan Abell Kenneth Garcia Partnership
The Traina Residence, Temple Terrace, Florida

Architects Design Group, Inc.
The Reeves Vacation Home,
Glendale Springs, North Carolina
Konstantinidis & Kroger Architects, P.A.
The Maniscalco Residence, Tampa, Florida
Charles Harrison Pawley Architect
The Smith Residence, Coconut Grove, Florida
Coping With A Trend in Vogue
A Commentary on Venezuelan Architecture
Rudolph F. Moreno, Architect

Legal Notes
Architects Beware: You May Have More Employees Than You Think
J. Michael Huey and Mark E. Holcomb
Office Practice Aids
The Widespread Occurrence of Asbestos: What Every Architect Should Know
Susan H. Neiswender
New Products
An Engineer in Time Saves A Lot
William C. Mignogna, P.E.

On the cover is the Maniscalco Residence in Tampa, designed by Konstantinidis & Kroger Architects, P.A.
Photo by George Cott.




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Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street
Post Office Box 10388
'Tllahassee, Florida 32302

Publisher/Executive Vice President
George A. Allen, CAE
Diane D. Greer
Assistant Publisher
Director of Advertising
Carolyn Maryland
Design and Production
Peter Mitchell Associates, Inc.
Boyd Brothers Printers
Publications Committee
Ivan Johnson, AIA. Chairman
Gene Leedy, AIA
Will Morris, AIA
Keith Bailey, AIA
Don Sackman. AIA
Editorial Board
Ivan Johnson. AIA
Dave Fronczak. AIA
Roy Knight. AIA
H. Dean Rowe, FAIA
100 Madison Street
Tampa, Florida 33602
Vice President/President-elect
Larry Schneider. AIA
25 Seabreeze
Delray Beach, Florida 334K3
Bruce Balk. AIA
290 Coconut Avenue
Sarasota, Florida 33577
Past President
John P. Ehrig, AIA
4625 East Bay Drive, Suite 221
Clearwater, Florida 34624
Regional Directors
John M. Barley. AIA
5345 Ortega Boulevard
Jacksonville, Florida 32210
James A. Greene, FAIA
254 Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 1147
Oviedo, Florida 32765
Vice President for
Professional Society
Raymond L. Scott, AIA
601 S. Lake Destiny Road, Suite 400
Maitland, Florida 32571
Vice President for
Governmental Relations
Rudolph Arsenicos, AIA
2560 RCA Boulevard. Suite 106
Palm Beach Gardens. Florida 33410
Vice President for
Professional Development
John Tice. AIA
909 E. Cervantes
Pensacola, Florida 32501
Vice President for
Public Relations/Communications
Henry C. Alexander. AIA
Smith Korach Hayet Haynie
175 Fontainbleau Road
Miami. Florida 33172

Sne of the cleverest books I've ever read, as well as one of the most
beautifully illustrated, is entitled A House Is A House For Me. It was
written by Mary Ann Hoberman, illustrated by Betty Fraser and it is sold
through AIA bookstores. Ironically, though it was written for children, the
book continues to delight me time and time again.
Written in simple rhyme and illustrated in rich detail, the book is dedi-
cated "To Robert, Builder of My House."
The simple philosophy that the book extolls is that wherever/or in what-
ever something abides, that is its house. Beginning with hills, hives, holes,
webs and nests, the houses then change to those used by farm animals and
include stys, coops, folds, barns and kennels.
Fairly obvious, you say. Cleverness soon follows as Hoberman carries
her house theme to first, some obvious exceptions and then, the extreme.
A book is a house for a story
A rose is a house for a smell
My head is a house for a secret,
A secret I never will tell.
And so it goes, from houses for teabags to tulips. No one's house is
excluded and she ends by writing:
Each creature that's known
Has a house of its own
And the earth is a house for us all.
In this issue of FA, we'll examine nine houses, all the recent work of
Florida architects. The houses are located from North Carolina to Coconut
Grove and they present a good variety of scale, texture and siting. Ranging
from a simple mountain cabin to a luxurious South Florida residence, the
houses are interconnected by a common thread of concern for the environ-
ment and the site they occupy. Each is perfectly suited and well-adapted to
its climate and setting and interestingly, each seems to merge the lifestyle
needs of the client with the aesthetic needs of the designer. DG



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Architects Beware:

You May Have More Employees Than You Think
by J. Michael Huey and Mark E. Holcomb

Architectural firms commonly
hire independent draftsmen
to assist regular staff members
in handling fluctuating work-
loads. Although the architect
may assume that he is hiring a
"free-lance" draftsman to work
as an independent contractor,
Florida law may consider that
draftsman to be an employee and
require the collection of unem-
ployment tax from his or her
The State of Florida, Depart-
ment of Labor and Employment
Security, Division of Unemploy-
ment Compensation ("Division"),
is responsible for enforcement
of the unemployment compen-
sation tax laws in this State.
The Division considers a person
to be an employee if that person
is hired to perform services for
another and, with respect to his
performance of the services, is
subject to the other's control or
right to control. In determining
whether one acting for another
is an employee or an independent
contractor, the following factors
are generally considered:

a) the extent of control which,
by agreement, the employer may
exercise over the details of work;
b) whether the one employed
is engaged in a distinct occupa-
tion or business;
c) the kind of occupation, with
reference to whether, in the lo-
cality, the work is usually done
under the direction of the em-
ployer or by a specialist without
d) the skill required in the
particular occupation;
e) whether the employer sup-
plies the instrumentalities, tools,
and the place of work for the
person doing the work;
f) the length of time for which
the person is employed;
g) the method of payment,
whether by the time or by the

h) whether the work is a part
of the regular business of the
i) whether the parties believe
they are creating the relation-
ship of employer and employee;
j) whether the employer is
engaged in a business.
The Division emphasizes that no
single factor should be consid-
ered controlling and that the total
circumstances of a particular re-
lationship will be examined in
order to determine the degree
of a worker's independence.
Further, the division examines
each case on its own facts and
no ruling is necessarily consid-
ered a controlling precedent in
any other case.
The architectural profession
faces a unique problem in unem-
ployment compensation cases,
because the professional obliga-
tions imposed upon architects
under the Architects' Practice
Act, Chapter 481, Florida Sta-
tutes appear to be at odds with
the use of truly independent
draftsmen. Section 481.221(4),
Florida Statutes, provides that
a registered architect shall not
affix his signature or seal to any
plans, specifications, or archi-
tectural documents which were
not prepared by him or "under
his responsible supervising con-
trol." As pointed out above the
issue of control or right to con-
trol is the primary focus of the
Division's inquiry. Even though
Chapter 481 is not determina-
tive of a draftsman's employment
status and the Division recog-
nizes the possibility of a "true,
independent draftsman," Sec-
tion 481.221(4) has influenced at
least one recent unemployment
compensation decision.
In this case the architect em-
ployed his son to assist in draft-
ing work. The son initially per-
formed general office work as a
summer job during high school

and was eventually trained by
his father in drafting. The archi-
tect provided necessary help to
his son in performing the work
and paid him on an hourly basis.
The architect provided a draft-
ing table and associated facili-
ties, although the son obtained
his own drafting instruments
and used them in his work. The
drafting paper supplied by the
architect bore his logo and bus-
iness address.
The son worked on an "as
needed" basis and was expected
to give top priority to these
projects. In addition to perform-
ing services for the architect, his
son also performed non-drafting
work for others and had per-
formed one drafting project for
a machine shop business.
In its analysis of the case, the
Division emphasized the archi-
tect's statutory obligation to
exercise control over his work-
ers. The Division characterized
the son as a "lesser qualified ju-
nior draftsman" and stated that
it was necessary for the archi-
tect to exercise more supervi-
sion over his work product than
might be expected with a more
experienced worker. The deci-
sion notes that the worker did
not pursue his occupation inde-
pendently of the architectural
firm, to any significant extent.
Further, the architect pro-
vided the major capital expen-
ditures for the work and his son
provided only those personal
services and individual tools
which employees customarily
provide. It was not necessary
for the work to be satisfactor-
ily accomplished for his son to
be entitled to compensation;
payment was made on an hourly
basis for his services. Most im-
portantly, however, the Division
stated that the architect had
"control, the right of control,
and the obligation to have con-
trol" over his son in the execu-


tion of the work; thus, the worker
would be deemed an employee
for purposes of unemployment
In a previous case, the Division
did not rely on section 481.221(4),
but reached a similar result. In
that case, a worker unrelated to
the architect performed draft-
ing work on an "as needed"
basis. The worker performed
the drafting either at the archi-
tect's office, in which case the
architect paid the worker on an
hourly basis and furnished all
materials necessary for the
work, or at the worker's home,
in which case the worker was
paid on a per project basis and
furnished her own neceesary
tools and materials, excluding
drafting paper. She also per-
formed similar drafting work
for other architects, and ap-
pears to have been considerably
more experienced than the
draftsman discussed above.
The Division held that this
draftsman was an employee
rather than an independent con-
tractor. The Division empha-
sized the degree of control which
the architect was free to exer-
cise over the worker, which was
the same as the control which
the architect exercised over his
full-time, in-house personnel.
The Division also found that the
draftsman was not engaged in
an independent business enter-
prise and did not assume any
financial risk by agreeing to per-
form work for the architect.
Based upon these decisions,
it appears that the majority of
architect-draftsman relation-
ships will be deemed employ-
ment, rather than independent
contractor, relationships for
purposes of unemployment com-
pensation. Although the Divi-
sion is unable to issue guidelines
for establishing an independent
contractor relationship, the Di-


vision will upon request render
a written opinion on the employ-
ment status of an existing
It appears that the most likt-ly
candidate for independent con-
tractor status under the Divi-
sion's analysis would be an estab-
lished drafting business which a
contracts with a variety of archi-
tectural firms for the perfor-
mance of drafting services on a
per project basis. An indepen-
dent draftin. firm which fur-
nishes its own tools and mate-
rials and is compensated on a
per project basis may achieve
the indiciaa of independence"
which the Division is apparently
Inhkinv for in these cases. Ar-
chitects should be forewarned,
however, that each relationship -" ,
is subject to individual scrutiny
by the Division.
. Michae Huey is a principal in the
Tallhassee law finm f Huey, ( ,LLL.
Kuersteiner & Tucker Mark E. Hol-
onb is an associate with the anefrrn.

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FIORII)A ARCH(ITE('T May/June 1989

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William Graves + Associates, Architects

The Graves Residence
Pensacola Beach,

Architect: William Graves +
Associates, Architects
Structural Engineer: James J.
Mallett, P.E.
Owner: Mr. and Mrs. William

An unfortunate reality of con-
temporary Gulf Coast resi-
dential architecture is that it
reflects little of the vernacular
heritage of the area. Highrise
condominiums, townhouses and
single-family residences now
congest Panhandle Florida's
sugary beaches like so many
nondescript cardboard cutouts.
They are collective proof-posi-
tive that having a balcony does
not automatically make a build-
ing "indigenous" to the beaches
of the Panhandle.
In the western section of the
Panhandle, however, on Pensa-
cola Beach, architect William
Graves' goal in designing his
own home was to find an appro-
priate Gulf Coast vocabulary
which had its beginnings in
functional solutions to Gulf
Coast problems. The architect
aspired to develop a form that
was responsive to earlier re-
gional roof forms, for example,
but that was contemporary in
nature. The goal was to develop
a form that would communicate
its "suitability" and earn critics'
respect as a design that would
make a lasting contribution to
the Gulf Coast vernacular.

This page, photo by Bill Grames.
Opposite page, top, photo of
screened-in south porrh and below,
north entrance. Photos by Gary



`; )
~z ;~
,. c


d L





j i

The house is situated on a lot
f. inrg a saltwater canal 600 feet
from the Gulf of Mexico. Both
Graves and his wife are boating
enthusiasts and t ht. occupy
the home alone except for rare
weekends when tl.viia;nI chil-
dren are at home. Eighty per-
cent of the time there is no need
for visual or acoustical separa-
tion between master bedroom
and living areas. The owner's
need for varying the degree of
privacy and openness is pro-
vided by -tackini glass panels
and draperies. This same sys-
tem allows the liv ing. (lining
and one of the bedrooms to be-
come part of the porch.
Specific climatic and environ-
mental problems presented the
need for creative solutions. To
ensure hurricane resistance,
ten-foot-square It m nbr piling.,
rise from fifteen feet below
gra ;cI to the rooftop and are en-
cased in reinforced concrete.
ThIr.- supports are expressed
as an int i-L;irl part of the de-
-ign As protection against the
salt air, the exterior shell is con-
structed of aluminum, inyl.
redwood, pressure-treated
timber and marine grade ply-
wood. The generous roof over-
hang and the 12-foot by 48-foot
porch provide protection from
wind-driven rain and provide a
south view to the Gulf. A system
of skylights in the porch allows
early sun to reach into the liv-
ing area and light it nat u rall.

Third lec'l plan cou rtesy qf the
ao hitect. Right: Liriga reat ith
bedroom in backgtrou nd. Whei
ylass sliding doors atre il,t 11 I "
the rontis heromie ire large open
space. Opposite page, south elea-
tion shoreus frot pMttlh atnd thin
l... .i,. Photos by Gary


Johnson Peterson Holliday Architects

The Johnson Residence
Tallahassee, Florida

Architect: Johnson Peterson
Holliday Architects, Inc.
Principal-in-Charge and Design
Architect: Guy W. Peterson, AIA
Project Manager: Charles Dickey
Structural Engineer: Dawson
Landscape Architect: Thy
Contractor: Palmer Construction
Owner: Dr. Ben Johnson

This page, top, east etleation and
below, north elevation of main resi-
dence shous the natural setting be-
tween house and luke. Opposite
page, *,l, -,n V .'..".-. main liv-
ing area. Intimatespaces, such as
the tiny "librry" abo'e the fire-
place, add to the houses interest.
I o'hti,. 1I., Robert Martin.
Axonometric view and west eleva-
tion courtesy of the architect.

chief among the challenges to
Sde-ignin thi. house was to
create a structure that reflected
the personality of the client.
Publicly, the client is on the cut-
ting edge of contemporary life
with an interest in modern art
and manmade art ilct-. Pri-
Saitvly. he is a keen observer of
nature with a need for solitude
and repose.
The duality in the ipr-gram
-igae-til- that the client's two
., nt ra-t inii nrcid. should be ex-
pressed as two detached build-
ings: a residence and a pavilion.
The residence reflects the
client's conviction to modern
art and architecture and con-
crete masonry was essential its
design. The center scored con-
crete units provide a surface
articulation which is appro-
priate to the modernists' de.iLrn
vocabulary. The block unit was
used as a compositional device
that creates interest through
contrast to other less articu-
lated surfaces. This allows the
block to give hierarchy to entry
and circulation as well as create
organizational elements.
The residence is a system of
flowing and inti'rl king spaces
defined by the articulation of
service spaces in the form of un-
finished block. The infill be-
tween these block masses is
We-tern Red Cedar stained
black and lirgE- expanses of
ila-.- Attached to the house by
a gla.-- .iridge is an art caller


J *i .

A ^


i ii~


and storage area. The refined
nature of the detailing in the re-
sidence is indicative of both the
client's and the architect's pas-
sion for a sophisticated aes-
thetic expression.
In marked contrast to the re-
fined splendor of the residence
is the simple elegance of the
pavilion. Conceived as a retreat
from the grind of daily life, the
pavilion is a one-room, self-con-
tained structure designed to
take advantage of the natural
beauty of the site. It contains
sw imming pool and spa and has
a large space for entertaining.
The pavilion also makes use of
a manmade pond and views
carved through a thick stand of
trees. The image of this pristine
white contemporary residence
compliments and contrasts with
the wooded site it occupies.

Photos of pavilion and pool by
Robert Martin. Site plan courtesy
of the architect.


Mitchell O'Neil, AIA

The O'Neil Residence
Palm Beach Gardens

Architect: Mitchell O'Neil, AIA
Builder: Larry Nielsen
Owner: Mitchell O'Neil

Photos by Mitchell O'Neil

The simple, orderly plan for
this architect's house is, ac-
cording to its designer, derived
from modern principles. The
house is divided into three basic
elements, each with a gable and
all interconnected. The pro-
gram called for a small house to
be built on a limited budget for
the architect's own residence.
The kitchen, which is treated as
an independent element, is cen-
trally placed and is the focus of
activity within the house. It is
functionally and visually a
"house within the house."
A basic split floorplan was
used and a shotgun two-car gar-
age helps maintain the symme-

try of the house and also provide
a lot of ventilation during the
summer months. The selection
of beveled siding adapts the
house to its semi-rural setting
seven mile from the Atlantic

The furred out box with flank-
ing columns on one side of the
main space and the oversized
columns opposite serve to house
and hide the air-conditioning
ducts. The modest residence
was built with the help of a
skilled carpenter for $75,000
and it was recently recognized
for design excellence by the
Palm Beach chapter of the AIA.



Karl Thorne Associates, Inc.

The Stecenko Residence
Gainesville, Florida

Architect: Karl Thorne
Associates, Inc.
Project Team: Karl Thorne, AIA,
Jim Beight, Jun Hua Wang
Contractor: Vernest Legree
Owner: Dr. Arlene Stecenko

Karl Thorne believes that
architecture should always
be a response to two sets of
forces the site and its physical
characteristics and the owner's
programmatic requirements.
The latter group of require-
ments are both quantitative,
since they pertain to space
needs and budget, and qualita-
tive in the ambiance they gen-
erate through form, materials
and details. Guided by these
two set of forces, the architect
responds by designing a build-
ing which is a synthesis of space
and form. It should also repre-
sent a harmonious resolution of
the forces.
The site on which Dr. Arlene
Stecenko wanted to build her
home comprises 15 acres on the
Kanapaha Prairie. Restrictions
on the property limited the
buildable space to one quarter
of the total acreage. The config-
uration of the site was such that
the architect located the house
on a strip 137 feet wide and 457
feet deep. This strip of land was
populated with magnificent oaks
and it afforded a panoramic
270 degree view of flatlands,
prairie and grazing cattle.
The owner's programmatic
needs were for a two bedroom
house with a large kitchen and
a study. Additionally, the house
needed to provide a sense of
security and maximize views of
the prairie.
A linear plan was established
for the house using the hall as a
connector. Zoned spatial rela-
tionships resulted that respond
to informal entry from the gar-
age and formal entry from the
foyer. From either point of

View from the west shows the house's sequence offenestration. On the opposite page is a view from the second story
living room looking back to the entry foyer. Photos by Karl Thorne. Elevation and isometric section courtesy of the

entry, there is a sequencing of
views through large windows in
the living room, study, dining
room and kitchen. There is also
vertical spatial thrust in the
two-story foyer which is sepa-
rated from the living room by
the hall. The living room has a
28-foot ceiling with a view of
the prairie to the west. The
powerful spatial qualities of the
living room are overwhelming
and one has the feeling that it is
a formidable task to get to the
master bedroom on the upper
The kitchen windows were
extended to the floor to afford
a view of the prairie landscape.
Tb further enhance the spatial

qualities of the kitchen, the ceil-
ing was raised by placing a
pyramidal recess over the cook-
ing island with cove lighting de-
fining the area.
The primary material utilized
for the enclosure system for the
exterior of the house is scored
concrete block which was left
exposed and sealed. Concrete
block used in this manner is a
low- maintenance material that
harmonizes with its contextual
setting and relates to the tex-
ture of the landscape. The rus-
tic qualities reminiscent of the
Gothic image of security have
apparently been realized in
what has come to be called
Stecenko's Castle.




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Henry B. Konover, AIA, P.A.

Coventry Estates
North Miami Beach,

Architect: Henry B. Konover
Contractor: Silvers
Construction Co.
Consulting Engineer: Herb
Landscape Architect: Blue
Sky Land
Owner: Konover Development

Bright colors, wide over-
hangs, canopies and re-
cessed windows all bespeak a
style of architecture that is
both contemporary and suited
to a semi-tropical climate.
Henry Konover's design for the
first of 14 proposed units at
Coventry Estates is both func-
tional and stylish. The concept
was to design a contemporary
residence that was responsive
to the demands of Miami's cli-
mate. The envelope was de-
signed to deviate from a con-
ventional box by staggering
components and seaming them

with a central linear core. This
provided a maximum perimeter
to allow for more fenestration
and the accompanying light,
view and ventilation.
The program for this develop-
ment involved a number of con-
straints and criteria that influ-
enced the final design. The site
is in a conventional neighbor-
hood in North Miami Beach
which overlooks a private golf
course. The program is compli-
cated and tight, consisting of
limited quarter acre parcels.
Zoning restrictions forced the
buildable area to the center of


buildable area to the center of
the site and marketing needs
demanded tremendous square
footage on these small parcels.
Consequently, each 3,200-
square-foot house was given
volume to create the illusion of
The spacious double-height
living room with its tall hearth
and stairway create a dynamic
focal space for the whole house.
Because of the flexibility of its
open plan, the house is consid-
ered ideal for a young family.
Throughout the house, there is
tremendous attention to detail,
form and materials which
causes it to stand out in an
otherwise conservative neigh-
One of the major design is-
sues was the solar heat gain
and the concern that it would
interfere with the comfort zone
of the dwelling. This was ad-
dressed by recessing the major
window planes. Structural
beams created overhangs and
porch canopies to obstruct solar
convection while retaining a lot
of light, view and ventilation.


The Jan Abell Kenneth Garcia Partnership

The Traina Residence
Temple Terrace, Florida

Architect: The Jan Abell ..
Kenneth Garcia Partnership
General Contractor: Profes-
sional Builders of America, Inc.
Owner: Dr. and Mrs. Ernest

Shis modest 1,100-square-foot
house was built during the
1920's in the Mediterranean Re-
vival style. The original house
was built of hollow clay tile
with stucco and a barrel tile
The present owners required
an enlargement of the house to
include a master bedroom,
entry, new kitchen and an over-
all environment conducive to
In order to avoid precon-
ceived solutions, the design of
the addition was approached in
an episodic way. The existing
house provided the stylistic lan-
guage for the new design. New
construction is block stucco.
The entry ellipse is wood frame
and roof tiles were imported
from Venezuela to match the
color and texture of the original
The site is divided into three
zones. First, there is a public
front which actually pushes the
entry back to receive a court-
yard. This courtyard is com-
pressed between the formal din-
ing and living spaces. The liv-
ing areas comprise the second
zone and they focus the visitor's
attention on the third zone
which is comprised of orangerie
and kitchen/garden. The house
is held together by a strong
axis which penetrates the foyer
and results in a strategically-
placed native Florida tree.




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The "casino" to the west of
the house reflects its same
J massing and a similar street
elevation. The "casino" actually
4 contains space for parking two

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A concern for, and under-
standing of, the original archi-
tecture helped the architects
produce a thoroughly sensitive
and compatible enlargement to
this modest mid-Florida resi-
dence. This project eloquently
bespeaks the necessity for in-
corporating a buildings' original
vocabulary into a contemporary

All photos by George Cott. Site
plan on previous page and floor
plan, left, courtesy of the architect.


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Architects Design Group, Inc.

The Reeves Vacation Home
Glendale Springs,
North Carolina

Architect: Architects Design
Group, Inc.
Owner: I.S.K. Reeves, IV

Vernacular is a term which
applies to a traditionally
prevailing regional style, and
like Florida, the mountains of
North Carolina have an archi-
tectural vocabulary all their
own. Constructed of materials
found right on the property like
locust, white pine and birch,
this mountain cabin is stylisti-
cally indigenous to the region.
It is located in a hollow in the
Blue Ridge Mountains and is
sited on a deeply contoured par-
cel of 20 acres adjacent to a
springfed creek with a water-
fall as its focal point. The steep
contours of the property have
been modified, to the extent
necessary, by a series of stone
walls. The stones used in con-
struction were found on the
The design intent for the
cabin was to intrude as little as
possible into the ecosystem
which meant retaining as many
trees as possible. The few trees
that were removed, such as
birch saplings, were milled into
handrails right on the site.
Designed to retain heat and
extremely well-insulated, the
cabin is heated by a fireplace.
Although its form and charac-
ter are completely indigenous, _
the cabin has a contemporary -
character which emphasizes
outdoor areas such as covered
porches and a footbridge that
spans the creek. There is also
an abandoned one-room school-
house on the property which
the owner, an architect, has lov-
ingly restored. It once again \
functions as a part of the fabric
of the community for homecom-
ings, reunions, meetings and

Photos byJ. Kevin Haas.



Konstantinidis & Kroger Architects, P.A.

The Maniscalco Residence
Tampa, Florida

Architect: Konstantinidis &
Kroger Architects, P.A.
Principal-in-Charge and Project
Designer: Alexander
Konstantinidis with Kenneth P.
Kroger and John J. Lucks
Structural Engineer: Cabana
and Fernandez Consulting
Interior Designer: Tessie Garcia
with Alexander Konstantinidis
General Contractor: Atocha
Owner: Jack and Lorrie

This lakefront home was
purchased with the intent of
enlarging it to accommodate a
growing family. As originally
constructed, the house was
rather rustic and not the type
of home the owners desired.
But, the location was a key ele-
ment in their decision to buy
and renovate to their contempo-
rary standards.
Design work between the ar-
chitect, owner and interior de-
signer was extensive and no
part of the original house was
unaffected by the proposed
changes. Emphasis was placed
on accessibility and openness
and the orientation of the house
was toward White 'Iout Lake,
a natural resource that the orig-
inal design ignored.
The client dictated a large
open ground level family room/
kitchen that would extend to a
lakeside terrace and accommo-
date frequent gatherings.
Other than the living room, the
whole first floor is tiled. On the
second floor, lakeside, a bed-
room and an office were added.
A balcony outside the office
overlooks the lake and is exited
via an outside staircase. Sun-
screens of redwood beams in
steel frames protect a large ex-
panse of south and east-facing

The existing roofline was
complimented with sloping
roofs on the added sections.
The valley that resulted from
changes in the roofline collects
rainwater and through an over-
sized scupper cascades it to the
ground where it can be viewed
from the living room.
The existing house had por-
tions of its exterior covered
with stone which was left at the
owner's request. Inside the
house, custom-designed furni-
ture and lighting were created
along with rounded or curved
walls to soften the interior feel-
ing. A staircase is located at the
center of the house and it is
here that the softened interior
surfaces are most evident.
Adjacent to the master bed-
room suite, a previously un-
usable front porch was enclosed
and converted to a master bath
and exercise room. A solid wall
rises chest- high and glass pan-
els above afford a view of the
front yard. This "rearranged"
residence has been totally
transformed into an expression
of the client's lifestyle.

Photos by George Cott.
Plan courtesy of the architect.


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Charles Harrison Pawley Architect

The Smith Residence
Coconut Grove, Florida

Architect: Charles Harrison
Pawley Architect
Consulting Engineer: DeZarraga,
Donnell & Duquesne Engineers
Contractor: Ed Vihlen
Owners: Stephen H. and
Carole Smith

or clients who sought a
home customized for the
Miami climate, Architect
Charles Harrison Pawley de-
signed a traditional vernacular
residence suited to life in the
tropics. Deep overhangs,
generous provision for cross-
ventilation, French doors and
ceiling fans make the home
comfortable without air-condi-
tioning for six months of the
year. There is even an eight-foot-
square cupola with clerestory
windows atop the main struc-
ture which provides another
source of ventilation.
Upon entering the house
through the two-story entry,
one passes through a series of
spaces which include a walled
court, a gazebo with jacuzzi in-
side and a pool with an arcade
on one side. On the other side,
an elongated pool terrace runs
parallel with an adjacent canal.
Doors, windows, railings,
stair treads and ornamental
brackets were all custom-made.
Except for concrete framing,
the house is entirely wood.
Cedar beams were left exposed
to age and change color natur-
ally. Floors are terra cotta tile
which is cool year round.
An important factor in siting
this house was to take advan-
tage of the prevailing offshore
breezes. The design of the
house bespeaks a thorough
knowledge, on the part of the
architect, of those regional
qualities which adapt a house
perfectly to life in a semi-tropi-
cal environment.


Plan and photo of house from pool pavilion courtesy of the architect.


Coping With A Trend in Vogue:

A Commentary on Venezuelan Architecture
by Rudolph F. Moreno, Architect

During the past decade, Post-
Modern tendencies have
been welcomed in the architec-
ture of many of the Latin Amer-
ican countries. Although its
influence is still felt in many
designs, due mostly to the mass
media, originality and sponta-
neity can also be seen. Vene-
zuelan architecture is a good
case in point. The School of Ar-
chitecture at The Central Uni-
versity in Caracas has a design
studio that favors and empha-
sizes the PM design position.
Houses and private, commer-
cial and government buildings
have been the targets of PM ar-
chitects who have stamped
their seal on both design com-
petitions and built projects.
Most of the characteristics
identified with this design ap-
proach are symbolic, metaphor-
ical or historic allusions that
can be easily detected. Some
bear the sophisticated influence
of more advanced technologies,
while others pour forth fresh-
ness and graciousness as the re-
sult of exploring their own cul-
tural roots and technological
In Caracas, the house of a
well-known composer and musi-
cian, Chelique Sarabia, was de-
signed by Jorge Castillo in
1982. It is a rare example of PM
whose impact lies in its ambigu-
ous character which suggests a
variety of metaphors. One won-
ders if it is a temple, a bastion
or simply a monument. Its de-
sign is strongly tied to the
Egyptian style with some ex-
pressionistic spirit. It is intrigu-
ing trying to find the entrance
to the house through a less-
than-generous triangular hole
which leads to the living-dining
area. The penumbra in these
rooms is a consequence of the
lighting. Just as the small en-
trance gives access to the living
area, the lighting creates an at-
mosphere reminiscent of that
found in ancient architecture,
which although interesting,

does not appeal to everyone.
The living room, with its fixed
glass panels, does not allow for
air circulation which makes this
social area fairly hot. The de-
signer hurdled this obstacle by
providing for water to cascade
down the glass wall and creat-
ing a cooling theatrical effect on
the indoor environment.
Coping with a difficult
scheme created difficult struc-
tural problems. The triangular
shape which the client de-
manded that the architect use,
was a hard geometric element
to work with. Occasionally, the
placing of supporting elements
was difficult. Sometimes the
columns or vertexes of the
triangles interfered with pano-
ramic views. With its aggres-
sive massing and daring trian-
gular shapes accentuating its

Rear view, above, ofSarabia House in Caracas. Photo by R. Moreno. Section, Sarabia House, below. The house was
designed by Jorge Castillo.


Above, detail of thefacade of the Caracas Apartment Building by D. Bassam, Architect. Tbp, right, main facade of Centro Mohedano by Lopatin,
Architect. Below, the structural concrete grid which encloses the glass building. Photos by R. Moreno.

plastic quality, this can be con-
sidered a project in which one
of the greatest tasks on the
part of the architect was his in-
terpretation of the extravagant
demands made by the client.
Unity seems to prevail in spite
of it all, and although the house
has some ambiguous and un-
clear readings, the owner is
happy with the result.
A simple solution to the prob-
lems associated with PM design
can be seen in the 1981 financial
complex "Centro Mohedano" by
the architect Lopatin. Here is
an interesting exterior concrete
frame graciously holding a
glass structure inside. Wrap-
ping the complex on all four
sides, this concrete grid with a
symmetrical articulation based
on square patterns, gives the
whole building an extremely
light appearance.
The most outstanding feature
of the structure is undoubtedly
the main facade. Here are two
gigantic recessed fluted col-
umns which run the full height
of the building leaving the en-

trance unframed and giving the
building a temple-like quality.
The facade is handled in much
the same way that Michael
Graves handled the main front
of the Portland Building. Both
buildings suggest the worship
of the institutions they repre-
sent. Tbpping the two front col-
umns in the Centre Mohedano
and aligned with the recessed
central concrete panel is a de-
tailed and elaborate square
about the size of the concrete
grid pattern. This square is
exhibited as a recognizable
emblem within the cityscape.
Similarities with the Graves
building can also be seen in the
lower part of the base which
has been covered with green
granite panels.
The Graves presence can be
felt even more strongly in the
Caracas apartment building de-
signed in 1983 by architect D.
Bassan of Team 18, a local archi-
tectural firm. Here, a glass and
masonry facade receives a simi-
lar treatment on its surface, al-
though not as bold a treatment

as Graves gave the Portland
Building. Bassan used a red
pilaster, passing unabashedly
in front of the windows on
every floor, and crowned it with
a glass panel which simulates
the effect of a capital in much
the same way that Graves used
the running gigantic columns
and keystone at the Portland.
In the Venezuelan example,
however, the use of a simple
glass "cornice" causes the
apartment house to lack the
theatrical impact that has con-
tributed to making the Port-
land Building a source of inspi-
ration to many PM architects.
Some references to Aldo Rossi
can be seen in the square win-
dows, not commonly seen in
Venezuela, in both lateral
Judging by these examples,
Post-Modern architecture in
Venezuela has become a legiti-
mate and penetrating fact
showing every intention of re-
maining. Sometimes discreet,
unpretentious and limited to its
own possibilities, its architects


have tried to extend the lan-
guage of architecture to a vari-
ety of audiences by including
pop, vernacular or historical
elements in their designs. This
gives the buildings local iden-
tity as their leitmotiv. In any
case, certain attitudes, or ex-
pressions, that are little more
than parodies or caricatures,
are now being permitted in ar-
chitecture that would not long
ago have been considered an-
tagonistic or simple nonsense.
Although Post-Modernism has
been rightly charged with cer-
tain stylistic offenses, it is im-
portant that PM be accepted as
a valid approach to contempo-
rary architecture.

The author is an architect prac-
ticing in Rhode Island who is
currently working and doing
research in Caracas, Venezuela.



The Widespread Occurrence of Asbestos:

What Every Architect Should Know
Susan H. Neiswender

One of our most valued con-
struction materials has be-
come one of our most feared. As-
bestos has been used throughout
the centuries as an effective in-
sulator and fire-proofer, among
numerous other applications.
It has been used in clothing, on
ceilings and floors, and around
pipes. It has also been connected
with such deadly diseases as
lung cancer, asbestosis and
Anyone associated with the
built environment is affected
by the presence of asbestos. The
EPA has estimated that there
are over 700,000 buildings in the
United States with asbestos-
containing materials in them.
Asbestos was used heavily in

the construction industry up un-
til the late 1970s. Buildings con-
taining asbestos are now likely
candidates for remodeling, ren-
ovation or demolition.
When asbestos is found in a
building, it is usually after con-
struction deadlines and contracts
have been signed. It is almost
never included in the develop-
ment timeline. Therefore, when
asbestos is discovered, the proj-
ect screeches to a halt, and the
owner finds himself paying for
his project team to wait while
the asbestos problem is taken
care of. He may find himself
missing his deadline and losing
thousands of dollars each day
the project is delayed.
By becoming informed on the

asbestos issue and being aware
of the new Florida legislation
governing asbestos consultants,
architects can decrease their
own liability and protect their
clients against this unexpected
Tb determine if there are asbes-
tos containing materials (ACMs)
in a facility, the first step is to
select an asbestos consultant to
survey the building, test the
materials and develop plans and
specifications for the abatement
process (or establishment of an
Operations & Maintenance,
O&M, Plan), if indeed asbestos
is found.
What is asbestos?
Asbestos is a natural mineral
that has been mined from the

earth for thousands of years. It
has been used for insulation, fire-
proofing, clothing (especially for
infants and children), as well as
for cosmetic purposes in a build-
ing. The United States continues
to import one million metric tons
of raw asbestos annually, accord-
ing to the EPA. Asbestos is still
used in brake linings and clutch
facings for lack of an economical
Why is asbestos considered
a problem?
Asbestos has been linked to se-
rious respiratory diseases. When
asbestos is friable (easily crushed
to powder by hand pressure) it
can become airborne. Airborne
asbestos fibers can be breathed
into the lungs and may, in some

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cases, cause such diseases as lung
cancer, asbestosis, and meso-
thelioma. There are thousands
of cases under litigation concern-
ing asbestos-related deaths, and
the number increases daily. Be-
cause of these health concerns
and ever-tightening laws and
regulations, asbestos can become
a severe liability to a building
owner and his project team dur-
ing and after renovation, remod-
eling or demolition.
According to Bill Martin, Flor-
ida Director of Asbestos Man-
agement Service for Soil & Ma-
terial Engineers (a division of
S&ME, Inc., a Westinghouse
subsidiary), and a board mem-
ber of the Florida Division of the
National Asbestos Council, there
are other major economic factors
related to the asbestos problem.
Once asbestos is found in a facil-
ity, it is possible that that build-
ing will be determined to have
"negative value." Such facilities
could be a total loss due to the

fact that the asbestos abatement
costs may far exceed the fair
market value of the building.

Choosing an asbestos consultant:
When hiring an asbestos as-
sessment consultant, you should
exercise the same degree of care
as when you contract for profes-
sional services ranging from
plumbers to roofers and HVAC
Become knowledgeable about
asbestos and how it can affect
your specific project. When in-
terviewing consulting firms, ask
for a list of references and a list of
past experience. Then, follow up
to determine what the reputation
of the proposed consultant is.
Be sure the firm is licensed
with the State. There is legisla-
tion in Florida governing asbes-
tos consultants, as well as abate-
ment firms. A licensing program
has been instituted by the State
for all persons associated with
the asbestos industry. Make sure




the firm (as well as the lab the
consultant proposes to use) is in
compliance with all applicable
laws, guidelines and ordinances.
The firm should also have proper
Check into the company's
present workload. Even the best
personnel can only handle so
many projects. Be certain they
can attend to yours correctly and
in a timely manner. The firm
under consideration should also
be financially stable in order to
protect the building owner, and
other involved parties, in case
of potential liability issues. Don't
consciously try to take the least
expensive route. The 'lowball'
consultant can easily cost you in
the end.
As architects shoulder certain
responsibilities for a project, so
do they shoulder certain poten-
tial liabilities. Asbestos is not
a small problem, nor is it geo-
graphically limited. It is a real-
ity in the construction industry

and can be crippling to a project
and the firm involved with it. No
one is exempt, and the best pro-
tection is education. For further
information, contact local EPA
and FDER offices, University
of Florida Training, Research
and Education for Environmen-
tal Occupations (TREEO) Cen-
ter, the Environmental Institute-
Atlanta or the Georgia Institute
of Technology, Department of
Environmental Training.

The author is associated with
Westinghouse/Soil & Material


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SClrcle 5 on Reader Inquiry Card



New Products

Bankshot Debuts
in Florida

B ankshot Basketball, created
in Israel, is the first new
sport in 50 years and is opening
in nine states, including Flor-
ida, this year.
Bankshot Basketball was de-
veloped in connection with the
International Year of the Dis-
abled by Reeve Brenner of Na-
tanya, Israel. Now, the game is
becoming increasingly popular
in the United States.
The game is played with a con-
ventional basketball and rim.
All of the backboards are unique
and unconventional configura-
tions requiring different shoot-
ing strategies for banking the
ball off the "Bankboard" are re-
quired to score points. The ob-
ject of the game is to master the
angles of the Bankshot boards.
The bankshots become increas-
ingly difficult to make as one pro-
gresses through the course. The
game requires intense concen-
tration, keen accuracy, touch,
and shooting strategy.
Enhancing motor coordina-
tion and self esteem, the Bank-
shot Recreation System chal-

lenges the skill of all individuals.
Even the wheelchair athlete can
play, with no disadvantage,
against anyone else. The visu-
ally exciting fiberglass boards
have been recognized in two in-
ternational museums, includ-
ing the Israel National Museum
in Jerusalem and exhibited as
Bankshot Basketball is a fam-
ily sport and suitable for all ages,
sizes, shapes and levels of skill.
The whole family can play Bank-
shot on an equal footing, shoot-
ing regular basketballs into a
series of baskets with backboards
of differing configurations mak-
ing scoring increasingly difficult.
The multi-colored backboards
also make the game aesthetically
attractive. Each court has 18
shooting stations, which accom-
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ers, up to 72 at once, in a space
half the size of a tennis court.
For further information on
Bankshot, please contact: The
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Winter Park, FL 32792
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for Handicapped ACCESS and EGRESS.

Circle 15 on Reader Inquiry Card



Florida Home Building
by Robin K. Vieira and
Kenneth G. Sheinkopf

In a foreword to this new en-
ergy manual published by the
Florida Solar Energy Center,
the former Director of the Gov-
ernor's Energy Office, Katie
D. Tucker, writes that the book
presents practical, real-life rec-
ommendations on how to design
and build homes in Florida. The
book has been developed as an
all-inclusive guide for anyone in-
terested in constructing energy-
efficient buildings. As Tucker
points out, the book is packed
with information that will help
architects plan homes and choose
materials that are suited to Flor-
ida's climate.
The book's twelve chapters are
arranged in chronological order
of the building process from site

planning through amenities.
Each chapter further provides a
list of recommended strategies,
associated costs and estimated
savings. There is a section on
how to market the recommended
strategies as well as how to carry
through on each recommenda-
tion. This includes product se-
lection, sizing and installation
This extremely comprehen-
sive, well-organized and easy-
to-read manual can be ordered
by writing : Document Sales,
Florida Solar Energy Center,
300 State Road 401, Cape Ca-
naveral, FL 32920.

Design your signs before
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specify Desk & Door.
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Please stop by our exhibit
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on July 14-15.

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Quality Products and Quick Servlce
fno yMaPnta (813) 327-1472
Circle 2 on Reader Inquiry Card






Innovative, high quality reinforced
concrete structural systems now competitive r
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Cost savings of 20% to 40%
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The "W' Panel construction system has been used
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For more information and competitive quotes contact:

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For SponsorshiplRegistration Information Call FAIAIA (904) 222-7590






June 8-11,1989





Durham Arts Council
Durham Convention Center
Durham, North Carolina

Reconsidering, revealing, and
re-creating public art

Inviting dialogue between
presenting and participating
artists, architects, design
professionals, landscape
architects, developers, arts
administrators, educators,
and public officials

For Registration Information:
Durham Arts Council
120 Morris St.
Durham, NC 27701

Presenters include:
Richard Andrews
Doris Betts
Jennifer Dowley
Paul Broches
Richard A. Kahan
Stanton Eckstut
Susan Child
Kathleen H. Coakley
Sandra Anne Percival
David Ireland
Kate Ericson & Mel Ziegler
Douglas Hollis
Judith Baca
Norman Care
Susan Stinsmuehlen-Amend
Lowery Sims
Edgar Heap of Birds
Eugene Metcalf
and others

Circle 12 on Reader Inquiry Card


An Engineer in Time Saves A Lot
by William C. Mignogna, P.E.

Traditionally, structural engi-
neers have been viewed as
implementors rather than inno-
vators. As a result, they are often
"brought on board" a design proj-
ect after drawings are complete
when it is too late to effectively
impact the process in ways that
could save time, money and head-
aches for the architect and his
Fortunately, today's trend is
toward structural input at the
outset of a design concept. Early
interaction with the architectural
team enables the structural en-
gineer to function not only as
problem solver, but as tactical
advisor, defining and resolving
challenges and providing options
that give the architect greater
Given the opportunity, struc-
tural engineers are ideally equip-
ped to identify possible construc-
tion problems, help the architect
evaluate a client's proposed bud-
get, recognize hidden costs, red
flag design problems before plans
are presented to the client.
Here are just a few examples
which illustrate the benefits of <
early structural input:
Nursing Home -An early critique
of preliminary plans resulted in
ways to improve the building's
boxy elevation and reduce con-
struction costs. The building's
flat precast plank roof design and
interior bearing walls and their
footings were eliminated and it
was recommended that the en-
tire building be spanned with
wood trusses, thus improving its
curb appeal Duct work was also
removed and individual HVAC
units substituted. By seeking
structural input before commit-
ting to a plan, the owner was
able to reduce the project bud-
get from $3 million to $2.5 mil-
lion and build a more marketable
Condominium The architect's
design for a luxury condomin-
ium with a parking garage be-
neath won client approval, but
several structural engineers
later insisted the garage could

not be located under the build-
ing. Support columns interfered
with turnarounds, clearance was
inadequate, bearing walls ex-
tended into drive-through areas
and alternatives were limited by
local building/floor height codes.
The final solution was to locate
several additional columns in
areas where they did not impede
circulation, and create a pre-
stressed transfer beam system
with beam depth within clear-
ance requirements. These struc-
tural changes kept costs to a
minimum while helping the ar-
chitect preserve the integrity of
his original design.
Theatre Working with the ar-
chitect in the very early design
stages, engineers were able to
make the theatre's concrete can-
tilevered balcony supports com-
plement the desired seating ar-

rangement to prevent obscured
audience views. Further recom-
mendations included a simplified
roof system spanning 200 feet
with prefabricated steel trusses
that also support the catwalk
systems, lighting systems and
all additional stage equipment.
Courtrooms The architect need-
ed clear, column-free spaces for
courtroom areas, with flexibility
to handle the heavy loading of
storage areas. Flooring struc-
ture had to be kept as thin as pos-
sible while remaining relatively
Engineers suggested two op-
tions. The first was a somewhat
unconventional approach using
girder trusses to span the long di-
mensions of each courtroom and
steel joists to span the shorter
dimension. The second solution
was a composite beam system

putting beams in long dimensions
with sheer studs welded to their
tops, thus creating stiffer floors.
In many cases, the early, con-
ceptual engineering work which
can have such far-reaching im-
pact on a project's success can
be accomplished without detailed
drawings. A few hand-drawn
sketches are frequently suffi-
cient to address the most impor-
tant issues. And, the price is fre-
quently right. Increasing num-
bers of structural engineering
firms are offering such prelimi-
nary input at no charge. They
know that when they can con-
tribute to a project at the out-
set, they are in the best position
to help guide it toward success-
ful completion.
The author is President ofO'Don-
nell, Naccarato & Mignogna of
West Palm Beach.


The relocation of columns and the creation of a pre-stressed transfer beam system permitted the architect to resolve
structural defects in the original plan and retain the original design integrity for this condominium parking garage.



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(305) 576-6029
FAX (305) 576-1390
Circle 19 on Reader Inquiry Card

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Do you have an opening in your
firm? Do you have office equip-
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Send material to be typeset
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eprints of articles that have appeared in Florida Ar-

chitect over the past five years are available for use
in mailings and presentations. These custom promotion
brochures reproduce the article exactly as it appeared
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For more information, cost estimates, and help with
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