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Title: Florida architect
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00261
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: November-December 1986
Frequency: quarterly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073793
Volume ID: VID00261
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Main
        Page 3
        Page 4
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    Back Cover
        Page 45
        Page 46
Full Text



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November/December, 1986
Volume 33, Number 6


Florida Architect, Official Journal of the
Florida Association of the American In-
stitute of Architects, is owned and pub-
lished by the Association, a Florida Cor-
poration not for profit. ISSN-0015-3907.
It is published six times a year at the
Executive Office of the Association, 104
East Jefferson St., Tallahassee, Florida
32302. Telephone (904) 222-7590.
Opinions expressed by contributors are
not necessarily those of the FAIA. Edi-
torial material may be reprinted only
with the express permission of Florida
Architect.


CONTENTS


Features

High Tech Capsule For High Tech Medicine
The Brandon Surgical Group by Fleischman-
Garcia Architects is a new approach to making
medical care an appealing experience.
Aileen St. Leger

Chinsegut: An Aesthetic Alternative For A
Government Structure
The Chinsegut Nature Center by Soellner
Associates Architecture is a building in harmony
with nature.
Diane D. Greer

Business As Unusual
The Eastwood Business Commons is an
uncommon office center designed by the
Zimmerman Design Group.
Anne Schumann

It's Boca... And The Living is Easy
The Charlse Residence is both opulent and
comfortable. It was designed by Angles, Esteban
Associates, Inc.
Susan Bishopric

Greenleaf And Crosby Restored
The 1926 Greenleaf Building in Jacksonville was
restored by Kenneth R. Smith AIA Architects to be
the showplace it was originally .. with some
contemporary advantages.


Ideal Proportions Of Form And Void
The Beaches Branch Library by Ted Pappas was
designed with classical proportions.
Diane D. Greer

South Florida Evaluation and Treatment Center
Wolfberg/Alvarez & Associates designed this
maximum security forensic hospital and gave it a
quality and style conducive to treatment.
Mark H. Smith

Departments

Editorial
New Commissions
Awards, Honors and Special Note
Compatibility is the Byword for Florida's Future
Susan J. Oksner
Viewpoint
Architecture: A rationalist approach
J. Robert Hillier, FAIA


Single copies, $2.00; Annual subscription, Cover photo of the Brandon Surgical Group by @1986 Ellis Richman
$12.00. Third class postage. Photography. Architecture by Fleischmnuin-Garcia Architects.


FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1986

















































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FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1986







EDITORIAL


FLORIDA ARCHITECT

Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects
104 East Jefferson Street
Post Office Box 10388
Tallahassee, Florida 32302
Publisher/Executive Vice President
George A. Allen, CAE
Editor
Diane D. Greer
Assistant Publisher
Director of Advertising
Carolyn Maryland

Design and Production
Peter Mitchell Associates, Inc.
Editorial Board
Ivan Johnson, AIA, Chairman
Carl Abbott, AIA
Stuart L. Bentler, AIA
Bill Hegert, AIA
John Totty, AIA
President
James J. Jennewein, AIA
780 Ashley Tower
100 S. Ashley Drive
Tampa, Florida 33602
Vice President/President-elect
John Barley, AIA
P. 0. Box 4850
Jacksonville, Florida 32201
Secretary/Treasurer
John Ehrig, AIA
2333 E. Bay Drive
Suite 221
Clearwater, Florida 33546
Past President
Mark Jaroszewicz, FAIA
University of Florida
College of Architecture
331 Architecture Building
Gainesville, Florida 32611
Regional Directors
Glenn A. Buff, FAIA
1821 SW 98th Avenue
Miami, Florida 33157
Mark Jaroszewicz, FAIA
University of Florida
College of Architecture
331 Architecture Building
Gainesville, Florida 32611
Vice President for
Professional Society
Larry Schneider, AIA
115 Woodland Road
Palm Springs, Florida 33461
Vice President for
Governmental Relations
Lee Ramos, AIA
7000 S.W. 62nd Avenue, Suite 510
Miami, Florida 33143
Vice President for
Professional Development
Dean Rowe, AIA
777 S. Harbor Island Blvd.
Suite 300
Tampa, Florida 33602
Vice President for
Public Relations/Communications
Don Sackman, AIA
2869 S.W. 27th Avenue
Coconut Grove, Florida 33133
General Counsel
J. Michael Huey, Esquire
Suite 510, Lewis State Bank
Post Office Box 1794
Tallahassee, Florida 32302


SA merica By Design" is the latest cinemagraphic undertaking to address the
ti subject of architecture in the U.S. This time the series will focus "exclusively
on events and people who influenced American architecture, planning and design."
The American Institute of Architects, who helped fund the project, stated and
underlined that "America By Design' is different from "Pride of Place," a disclaimer
that can only help the new product. The five-part series is expected to be broadcast
on national public television stations in the spring of 1987. "America By Design" is a
co-producton of WTTW/Chicago and Guggenheim Productions, Inc. and it is hosted
by its creator, the noted architectural historian and author, Spiro Kostoff.
The various installments deal with "The House," "The Workplace," "The Street,"
"Public Places" and "The Shape of the Land." According to an AIA memorandum,
"unlike 'Pride of Place,' 'America By Design' has been very much a joint venture
between the creator- Spiro Kostoff- and the filmmaker- Charles Guggenheim."
The AIA says, "We've put a lot of $$ and staff time into this one. This is very much of
a family undertaking, and we believe you'll be proud to claim the offspring as
your own."
Neither host nor producer needs much introduction. Spiro Kostoff is known to
anyone who has ever taken a course in architectural history. He is professor of archi-
tectural history at the University of California, Berkeley, and the author of
numerous books including his most recent, A History of Architecture, which is fast
becoming the bible on the subject. According to the New York Times, the book gives
the reader a "magnificent guided tour through mankind's architecture from pre-
historic caves to the extension of Harvard's Fogg Museum." Charles Guggenheim,
whom I heard speak at National Grassroots in Washington last January, has earned
an international reputation in the field of films and television. He received the
George Foster Peabody Award in television as well as seven Academy Award nomi-
nations and two oscars. He is a serious and committed filmmaker.
Perhaps there is still hope for the future of films which attempt to deal with the
sprawling, and often controversial subject, of architecture, its history and impact on
society.







^^^^ ^- ^WMX


FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1986













New Commissions


Wedding & Associates, Archi-
tects, Inc. has been commis-
sioned to design a new genre of
multi-family housing for the el-
derly at nearly 20 sites around
the U.S. Construction of the first
four Independent Living Cen-
ters in Missouri, Tennessee and
Georgia will begin before the end
of 1986. Shoup/McKinley Ar-
chitects-Planners Inc. have been
selected by the City of North
Lauderdale to design a 3,000 s.f.
addition to the Public Safety
Department to accommodate
supervisor offices, code enforce-
ment, booking and a sally port
for prisoner dropoff. w Powell
Design Group has just completed
the design of two buildings for
Camp Thunderbird, a handicap-
oriented camp and recreational
facility operated by Life Con-
cepts, Inc. Camp Thunderbird
will be constructing a third dor-
mitory and an auxiliary recreational
building. m
Oscar Sklar of Sklar Arkitekts
P.A. has designed a headquar-
ters for the Miami Audio Visual
Corporation. The 4-story, 12,000
s.f. building features glass block
curved walls and a 3-story glass
block planter that is recessed
into the side of the building. *
Architect Hervin Romney de-
signed the exterior facade of
the new Burger King on Miami
Beach to be compatible with the
Deco District, incorporating also
Burger King's greenhouse win-
dows along two streets, flanking
a corner entrance. Windows and
entrance are covered with a soft
yellow canopy designed by the
architect. m The Smith, Korach,
Hayet, Haynie Partnership has
designed the new Learning Cen-
ter for Southern Bell in South
Florida. The high-tech learning
center will be used to train both
technical and administrative
staff. Currie Stubbins Schnei-
der has designed a luxury import
car dealership for Zankl Imports
in Delray Beach. The architects
designed a renovation of the ex-
isting facility and the addition of
2,500 s.f. of display space.


Oliver Glidden & Partners in
association with Wendy Burckle
Glidden have been selected to de-
sign the interiors of the lobby and
public spaces for Gardens Plaza,
in Palm Beach Gardens. The
three-story lobby will feature
cantilevered planters clad in
Italian marble and an accent wall
of fossil stone. m Bellon Perez &
Perez has been retained by Loge-
sa, Inc. to provide professional
services for its new $2 million
residential development. The
six-story building will contain 60
rental apartments. The Smith,
Korach, Hayet, Haynie Partner-
ship has been commissioned to
design a new 150-bed nursing
home as a joint venture of St.
Francis Hospital in North Miami
and Mercy Hospital in Coconut
Grove. Avinash Gupta, AIA, is
principal-in-charge and project
manager is Henry Alexander,
AIA. Schwab & Twitty Archi-
tectural Interiors Inc. has been
selected to design the renovation
of Maison Maurice, a fine jewelry
store on Worth Avenue in Palm
Beach. N Architects International
Inc. has designed the parking
garage for Dr. Martin Luther
King, Jr. Plaza Station in Dade
County. The garage has an ini-
tial capacity of 1,000 cars on three
levels with provision for a fourth
level. J.L.G. Perotti was project
designer and J. Garcia Hidalgo,
AIA, and Juan Crespi, AIA, were
principals-in-charge. a


Kenneth Hirsch Associates Ar-
chitects AIA has been selected to
design the 19,000 s.f. medical
building in Coral Springs. The
primary use of the building will
be a state-of-the-art cosmetic
and reconstructive surgical cen-
ter. 0 The City of Boca Raton
has awarded the firms of Slattery
& Root Architects, P.A., Thorn-
brough & Associates and Shere-
meta & Associates the commis-
sion for the expansion of the Lake
Wyman Community Park. The
park is more than 50 acres and
is bounded by the Intracoastal
Waterway. m The Sieger Archi-
tectural Partnership has designed
the Imperial's new 8-story twin
tower at Promenade in Boca
Pointe. Designed for privacy,
each tower of The Imperial con-
tains just two spacious apart-
ment residences. Powell Design
Group has just completed plans
for The Oaks, a 30,000 s.f. retail
center in Bradenton. a Prime De-
sign, Inc. Architects, Engineers
and Planners of Tampa (formerly
Watson and Company) has been
selected by the Broward County
Board of County Commissioners
as part of a design-build team
for the construction of the new
Broward County Detention Fa-
cility in Pompano Beach.
Collins & Associates Architects/
Planners has designed Souther-
land Funeral Home's recently
opened 15,000 s.f. building in
Panama City. The $750,000 fu-


Administrative office center for Burger King Corporation in Daytona
Beach was designed by Benjamin Butera, AIA.
FLOI


neral home incorporates several
innovative concepts that are new
for the funeral industry. In addi-
tion to having four reposing
rooms, Southerland has an in-
house florist shop, video-taping
capacity, a 350-seat chapel, a re-
source/library center, drive-
through business window and
covered parking for up to 18
cars. 0 The new $8.2 million Fort
Lauderdale Campus of Florida
Atlantic University was designed
by the Smith, Korach, Hayet,
Haynie Partnership to be one of
the country's most unique higher
education facilities. The nine-
story building houses classrooms,
faculty offices, administrative
areas, student areas, public
spaces for lunchtime concerts or
art displays, a computer center,
television studio, meeting rooms,
bookstore and learning resource
center. The building was designed
as a high-rise campus specifically
for an urban environment. m

The Design Advocates, Inc.
are creating a full-service rental
retirement community in Bra-
denton for developer Ben Hay
Hammet, Jr. The firm is designing
Seaport, a 160-unit Adult Con-
gregate Rental Living Facility for
retired individuals 62 years and
over. m Currie Stubbins Sch-
neider has been chosen to design
the McCranie Office Building in
Palm Beach County. Construction
on the 7,500 s.f. building is slated
to start this fall. s Schwab &
Twitty Architects, Inc. have
been commissioned to design the
renovations and additions to Palm
Beach Gardens High School in
coordination with Team Plan, Inc.
who is creating a new master plan
for the project. a Collins &
Associates has been selected as
the architect to design a 91,000
s.f. manufacturing plant and cor-
porate headquarters for the Cen-
tury Boat Co. Oliver-Glidden
& Partners in association with
Wendy Burckle Glidden, ASID,
IBD, have been selected to design
the interiors of Suburban Bank in
Lake Worth. a


RIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1986
















As part of Southland Corpo-
ration's "Image 86" campaign
to upgrade and expand custo-
mer services, Fugleberg Koch
Architects designed a series of
new, standard 7-Eleven Stores
that will be built throughout the
southeast. Prime Design, Inc.
(formerly Watson and Company)
has been selected to provide de-
sign services for Shape Opti-
media of Kennebunk, Maine. One
of the most challenging parts of
the design work will be the Clean
Room where the compact discs
will be manufactured. Compact
discs must be manufactured un-
der stringent, dust-free condi-
tions. The plant will have a capa-
city of producing 20 million discs
in 1987. Prime Design will also
design the new Elementary
School "E" in Kissimmee. The
Hillier Group has been retained
to design a 30,000 s.f. conference
center for the Ponte Vedra Inn
and Club near Jacksonville.
Construction will begin in early
1987. a RTKL Associates, Inc.
has been selected by John W.
Galbreath & Co and Paul Hanna
Management, Inc. to design Es-
perante, a 20-story mixed-use
complex in West Palm Beach.
The project is scheduled for com-
pletion in the Spring of 1988. *
Indian River Memorial Hospital
has selected the Smith, Korach,
Hayet, Haynie Partnership to de-
sign a new ambulatory surgery
center. The new building will be
a freestanding structure located


RTKL Associates' design for Esperante, a mixed-use complex in West
Palm Beach.


on the present hospital's grounds.
Bellon, Perez & Perez has been
retained by N&E Equity, Inc.
to provide professional services
for its new $600,000 corporate
headquarters building. The two-
story office in Miami will have
5,200 s.f. of space.


p


Corporate headquartersJbr N & E Equity, Inc. in Miami by Bellon, Perez
& Perez.


Awards, Honors and

Special Note


The firm of Benjamin P. Bu-
tera, AIA, has won first place
in the Jacksonville Parade of
Homes for its zero-lot line, two
story home in "The Valley at
Hidden Hills." The firm was also
awarded a 1986 Aurora Award
for a commercial building under
25,000 s.f. and one-to-three sto-
ries. The winning project is the
new Administrative Office Cen-
ter for the Burger King Corpo-
ration in Daytona Beach. m Paul
M. Twitty, AIA, principal of
Schwab & Twitty Architects Inc.
has received several important
committee appointments. He has
been named to the Board of Di-
rectors of The Education Foun-


dation of Palm Beach County and
to the Martin County Economic
Council. He has also been asked
to serve with the Steering Group
of the National Housing Commit-
tee of the AIA, the President's
Council of the University of Flor-
ida and he has been appointed to
the advisory group for the State
of Florida Collaborative Elderly
Housing Initiative Program. a
The Central Florida Chapter
of the American Institute of Ar-
chitects has named Rand J. Soell-
ner, AIA, as Chairman of the
new Quality Control Procedure
Task Force. The construction
design industry is filled with ris-
ing liability insurance rates and
other construction administra-
tion/documentation issues. The
intent of the estimated year-long
effort is to reduce errors and
omissions in architectural and
engineering construction docu-
ments, and improve the quality
of the practice of architecture
and engineering in general.
For the second year in a row,
Jane Grosslight, Program Direc-
tor, Center for Professional De-
velopment, Florida State Uni-
versity, has won the national
award for Innovative Continu-
ing Education Programs from
the American College Testing-
National University Continuing
Education Association. This
year's award was given for the
workshops dealing with Free-
hand Perspective Drawing, Color
Sketching, Computer Uses for
Designers, Interior and Archi-
tectural Photography and Sys-
tems Drafting. These workshops
were cosponsored by the Florida
Association of the American In-
stitute of Architects and the
Center for Professional Devel-
opment. The programs have been
offered for the past four years on
a consistent basis and have served
792 professionals, including 400
architects, mostly from the State
of Florida.
Dr. Randy Atlas, AIA, was a
guest speaker in July at the 116th
annual congress of the American
Correctional Association, a pro-


FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1986












fessional organization of correc-
tion practitioners including ad-
ministrators, law enforcement
officers, consultants and equip-
ment vendors. According to
Atlas, public administrators have
recently been the subjects of lia-
bility suits for failure to protect
the welfare of prisoners who com-
mit suicide while incarcerated. In
his speech, entitled "Reducing
Liability of Prisoner Suicide
Through Proper Design and
Training," Atlas suggested that
suicide of prisoners is a prevent-
able crime.
Robert A. Koch, AIA, was one
of the featured speakers for the
7th annual Southeast Builders
Conference held in Orlando in
August. The meeting, which is
sponsored by the Florida Home-
builders Association, brings
builders from Florida and 10
other southern states together
for educational seminars, hous-
ing tours, and exhibits. Koch's
presentation was entitled "Back
to the Future: Forecasting Hous-
ing Trends from Historical Re-
flection of Forces Driving Con-
sumerism." The topic explored
how major events of the past
have influenced consumer trends
in housing design. Koch also ad-
dressed a two-day conference in
Washington in June entitled
"Developing and Leasing Sub-
urban Office Buildings" which
was part of a series conducted by
the Northwest Center for Pro-
fessional Education. Koch's pre-
sentation was entitled "Design
Features and Amenities Needed
to Lease Space."

The architectural firm of Reefe
Yamada & Associates has
opened its office in Tampa Com-
mons. Principals in the firm are
Edward M. Reefe, AIA, PE, pres-
ident and Masao Yamada, AIA,
vice president. Mr. Reefe is both
a registered architect and a civil
engineer and Mr. Yamada is an
internationally recognized archi-
tect. Associates joining the firm
are Architects James E. Kelley,
RA, Eytel E. Pinon, RA, and
Kathryn H. Hindman, Market-
ing Director. The firm will of-
fer architectural and planning
services.


Compatibility is the byword for Florida's future


Florida's growth has stressed fragile ecosystems. To ensure the harmonious
coexistence of the mangrove, the spoonbill and the highrise, the professional
teams who plan Florida's future need to be more sensitive to the combination of
physical and aesthetic design elements.


This year's annual conference
of the Florida Chapter of the
American Society of Landscape
Architects (FC/ASLA) concen-
trated on implications of the re-
cent passage of Florida's Growth
Management Act. As a profes-
sional obligation of landscape
architects and planners, growth
compatibility seeks solutions to
incompatible land uses and func-
tions that conflict due to growth
pressures and limited resources.
Assembled here are opinions
and impressions from landscape
architects and others intimately
involved in Florida's growth on
how Florida's Growth Manage-
ment Act will affect our state's
future.
"I am greatly concerned about
the form and pattern that devel-
opment will take as Florida con-
tinues to grow. It is essential
that we build the Florida of to-
morrow in harmony with our
lovely but fragile environment."
Governor Bob Graham

'"The landscape architect should
complement the work of the ar-
chitect. Today, the site gets more
attention than it did 10 years ago.
The architecture becomes an ele-
ment of the site as the site is the
overall effect of the project. The
team approach is extremely im-
portant there are very few
Michelangelos left."
William H. Baker, ASLA

"What we do in the next 20
years should determine the Flor-
ida of the next millennium. We've
passed the point where we can
leave the design of Florida's fu-
ture to just one profession. I'd
love to see us institute an inter-
disciplinary workshop amongst
planners, landscape architects
and architects."
Herrick Smith, Chairman
Dept. of Landscape Architecture
University of Florida


"Very little effort is being
made on a national basis regard-
ing growth compatibility, and
I'm happy to see ASLA take a
leadership role in calling for a
growth strategy. As population
threatens our landscape, we need
a team approach to creating a
higher livable density." Phil
Lewis, Professor of Landscape
Architecture, University of
\\,' l,,,, s.,,

"There's hardly any place in
Florida that we don't consider
environmentally sensitive any-
more." James Brindell, Attor-
ney, former Director of the Divi-
sion of Environmental Permit-
ting with the Florida Department
of Environmental Regulation.

"Florida has two natural at-
tractions the shorelines and
the lakes. And water is the most
susceptible resource to the haz-
ards of development. We should
be ashamed of what we've allowed
to happen to the Florida Keys.
Development should have been
severely limited there 15 years
ago. We're beginning to have
more foresight, however, and an
example of where planning has
been successful is in Sanibel/
Captiva." Glen Herbert, ASLA.


"I believe the proper approach
for a well-motivated, construc-
tive, realistic, environmental
community in Florida is to plan
what this state is going to be like
against the limitations of our na-
tural system." Kenneth 'Buddy"
MacKay, U.S. Congressman,
6th Congressional District.

"I find intriguing the notion
that Florida was better in the
past than it is right now, and
than it is likely to be in the fu-
ture." Richard Edmonds, Edi-
tor, Florida Trend magazine.


"Landscape architects are
probably the design professionals
most responsible for translating
good growth management con-
cepts into reality. As Florida
moves into the 21st century,
landscape architecture will be
the keystone within all disciplines
that protect the public health,
safety and welfare through plan-
ning and design of the land." Mike
Pape, President, FC/ASLA.

"I encourage the FC/ASLA to
continue its support of the De-
partment of Landscape Architec-
ture at the University of Florida
and for the department to en-
hance its interactive role with
the profession. Upcoming mu-
tual activities will enhance the
practices of architecture and land-
scape architecture in Florida."
Anthony Catanese, AIP, Dean,
College of A. ri,.; .. ,ter Univer-
sity of Florida.








This article was written, and the
quotes compiled, by Susan J. Oks-
ner, a writer living in Orlando.


FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1986






















































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Ph D AIA


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& Associates
600 N.E. 36 St.
Suite 711
Miami, Florida 33137
Office (305) 325-0076



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CLASSIFIED





Do you have an opening in your
firm? Do you have office equip-
ment for sale? A service to sell to
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Send material to be typeset
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Material must be received 45
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Publication dates are the first
day of January March, May, July,
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Classified listings are charged
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creativity. Nature's beauty. The interplay that produces & WALLISSOCIATEKER
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION WRITE:
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*TYVEK is a DuPont registered trademark for its air infiltration barrier.
Circle 68 on Reader Inquiry Card


Mr. Comfort says: TYVEK
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ARCHITECTURAL

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represented by
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The
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You Need
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For information call

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For a price list on
AIA Documents
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P.O. Box 10388
Tallahassee, FL 32302


FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1986








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FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1986








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FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1986







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n celebration of our 60th anni. ersary,
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All our fixed windows have been tested to meet
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Due to the latest requirements of local building
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We urge you to specify only those window units
that are "Tested" and that you require current test
certificates from your fixed custom window
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For further information, call or write
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164 N.W. 20th Street
Miami, Florida 33127-4839
(305) 573-8810
1-800-822-8810
Circle 67 on Reader Inquiry Card


FLORIDA ARCHITECT November/December 1986










Few would argue with the critical
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Yet, for those whose task it is to
design beautiful, functional buildings,
the influence of volumes upon volume,
of code requirements is undeniable.
Fortunately, WVn-Door's folding fire
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to design your building to look and
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For example, Won-Door Fireguard
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Call Won-Door toll tree 1 (11U) 4153-84M
or your nearest Won-Door dealer for all
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Won-Door Fireguard'" protecting life,
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Circle 23 on Reader Inqwiy Card









You'll Never Match Natural Gas!

A smart builder is always
looking for ways to improve
the bottom line. It's time you
took a close look at building
with natural gas appliances.
ProfIlits Soar!
Builders who already use-gas
appliances know natural gas
helps homes sell faster, and when
your homes sell faster, your prof-
its get hot.
But You Pay No More.
Because of attractive allowances
and incentive programr- offered
by some gas companies, natural
gas appliance rn:.ialdiiiann. cost
little more than electric.
Get the facts from your local
Natural Gas Company You'll find
natural gas is available to a greater
number of developments than ever
before, with supphie; that will last
long into the future.
Today's technologies make natu-
ral gas appliances convenient to
use and highly efficient. Natural
gas appliances can cut the cost of
home heating, water heating, and
cooking by as much as 50%! Is it
any wonder homeowners prefer
natural gas?
For more detailed information
about how you can make the switch
to natural gas, call your local Gas
Company or write: FNGA, P.O. Box
2562, Tampa, Florida, 33601.
There is no match for natural
gas when it comes to making
the homes you build stand out
against all the competition.



FNGA
Florida Natural Gas Association








*Allowances and incentives may vary between
companies in different areas of the state


Circle 10 on Reader Inquiry Card












High tech capsule for high tech medicine

Brandon Surgical Group
Brandon, Florida

Architect: Fleischman-Garcia
Architects
Principal-in-Charge: Sol J.
Fleischman, Jr., AIA
Project Architect: Don A.
Scurato
Engineer: Civil-Mills &
Associates; Structural--Cabana
& Fernandez; Mechanical &
Electrical-Carastro, Aguirre &
Associates
Landscape Architects: Balsley &
Associates
Interior Design: Fleischman-
Garcia Architects
Owner/User: Brandon Surgical
Group

W hen the husband/wife medi-
cal team of Drs. John Mikos
and Carol Roberts decided to
build an office to house a grow-
ing medical practice in the fast-
growing community of Brandon,
they wanted a building that was
a departure from the more typi-
cal stucco and brick found in the
vicinity. In addition, the site
had several old trees which war-
ranted saving. As a result of cli-
ent imperatives and site restric-
tions, the architect designed a
multi-disciplinary medical facil-
ity that is responsive to the
needs of the medical profession -
as well as to the high-tech ma-
terials that were used. Building
around the old trees provided
the needed warmth in contrast -
to the shiny aluminum skin of -
the building.
Retention ponds, which were
required for the drainage-sensi-
tive site, were used as feature
pools. The semi-circular con-
crete seating platform outside
under the plexiglas entrance
canopy overhangs the main
pond and makes a very pleasant
spot for those patients who want
to enjoy the outdoors.
One of the program require-
ments was to design a waiting
room which would seat appoxi-
mately 100 patients, with a re-
ception desk visible throughout
the room. To this end, the archi-


















All photos 1986 Ellis Richman Photography.






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!! ,


Plan, above, and elevation on preceding page, courtesy of Fleischman-
Garcia Architects. Photo, left, a plexiglas canopy overhangs a feature pool
at the building's main entrance. Above, . ..' -* ., : .
and ponds.








tects provided a great space
with natural light filtering down
from a continuous curved glass
skylight above, all overlooked by
a second floor balcony that canti-
levers out into theupper area of
the waiting room. In one corner
of the waiting room is a sunken
play area featuring a circular
window at eye level for children.
The center of the waiting room
has a custom-designed, raised
seating area with built-in tables
and literature racks to give a
clean, organized feeling to the
space.
In the central core of the build-
ing behind the reception area is
the cashier, central nurses'
station and a small waiting room.
Here the medical records can be
brought up to date with a blood
pressure check and weigh-in be-
fore the patient sees a doctor.
As an educational aid, the pa-
tients and their families can
make use of videos explaining
the different procedures that
they may undergo.
Along the corridor are the
proctoscopy, x-ray, surgical,
audiology and recovery rooms,
as well as data, storage and
restrooms. Exam rooms and em-
ployee lounges are adjacent to
this area at either end of the
building. Exam rooms on the
perimeter walls have strip win-
dows placed at eye level to maxi-
mize use of wall space and allow
sunlight into the rooms without
the patients feeling exposed to
the outside world.
The clients specifically re-
quested that all of the doctors'
offices, located on the east and
west perimeter walls, be of the
same dimensions and detailing to
avoid any ego gratification or
jealousy. Each doctor was able
to choose his or her own colors
from a preselected group.
The second floor contains a
computerized business office
which links to the medical data
room on the first floor and a staff
lounge with full kitchen, lava-
tory and shower facilities. The
library/conference room fea-
tures built-in shelves and audio-
visual equipment. It is large
enough that the entire staff of
thirty may meet in it and it also
features a small skylit balcony.
Aileen St. Leger

The author is a writer working
in Tampa.


A continuous curved glass skylight provides natural light to 1, ..... ,,.












Chinsegut: An aesthetic alternative for a government structure


Chinsegut Nature Center
Hernando County,
North of
Brooksville, Florida

Architect: Soellner Associates
Architecture, Caselberry,
Florida
Engineers: Ross, Esme, Fessler,
Patterson, Winter Park, Florida
Project Administration: Florida
Department of General Services,
Bureau of Building Construction
and Facilities Management;
Robert J. Boerema, Director;
Bill Scaringe, Asst. Director
Owner: State of Florida, Game
and Fresh Water Fish
Commission
Contractor: MC of Florida,
Bushnell, Florida

The 400-plus acre site on which
the Chinsegut Nature Center
sits is a beautiful wilderness area
in Central Florida. The Nature
Center is on the northern portion
of the site, near the top of a hill.
The site was selected by Steve
Fickett, Jr., a recently retired
wildlife biologist who was with
the Game and Fresh Water Fish
Commission for 33 years and was
responsible for starting the
project.
There were no existing proto-
types for this type of building,
so Soellner Associates used two
existing pole bird feeders to tri-
angulate the postiion of the build-
ing. They felt this was appropri-
ate since the building was, after
all, a nature center. Due to the
contractor's reasonable base bid,
the budget permitted the use of
double pane mirror-glass win-
dows which allow people inside
the structure to see the wildlife
outside without the animals see-
ing or hearing the people. This is
especially appealing in view of
the fact that deer frequently feed
at the edge of the woods north of
the main meeting room. Three
bird feeders are also visible from
the interior. The double glass
also helps reduce heat transfer,
thereby lowering the facility's
utility costs.
















The Department of General
Services encouraged the use of
passive energy saving features
and as a result a totally passive
vented roof helps exhaust the
super-heated attic air during the
summer months. Windows on the
west are protected and shaded
by a deep roof overhang, as is the
main entrance.
According to Architect Soell-
ner, "the building was designed to
integrate with its environment."
In the creation of the schematic
design, the architect felt strongly
that the building must relate to
the outside. To this end, a num-
ber of important elements were
incorporated into the building.
The large covered entrance
was designed to double as an out-
door teaching space. It created a
transitional zone so that the
change from outside to inside
was comfortable both physically
and psychologically. The roof
trusses are exposed over the
outdoor teaching area and
stained a color which constrasts
with the deck above. This cre-
ates an abstraction of tree limbs
over visitors' heads. Large lou-
vers vent the naturally rising
heat of the summer months while
admitting light from high above
the floor. Again, as with the
trusses, the effect is not unlike
walking in the woods and seeing
tree branches criss-crossed
overhead. This space is also very
functional and will be used for
outdoor demonstrations and
classes.
The landscaped earth berms
on two sides of the building liter-
ally make it a part of the land-
scape. The berms add a thermal
flywheel effect that decreases
usage of air-conditioning and
heating.
Breezes are funneled through
the center by the angled walls in
the outdoor teaching area,
through screen doors at the en-
trance, through the meeting
room's operable double-pane
windows to the exterior. Lou-
vers in restroom doors create a
flow-through to small operable
windows placed high on the wall.


Split-face buff-colored block
was used on all the exterior walls
up to eight feet. This durable
material has a rough natural-
looking texture, similar to local
stone. The block was also used
on the interior of the meeting
room. Upper exterior walls are
covered with beveled cedar clap-
board siding with cream-colored
stain.
All utilities are underground
and all large trees were pre-
served. The building is set be-
hind a tree buffer which obscures
it from the parking lot. The short
walk from the parking area to
the Center is one of transition
from the world of automobiles to
one of nature.
Diane D. Greer


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Business as unusual

Eastwood Business Commons
Tampa, Florida

Architect: The Zimmerman
Design Group
Structural Engineer: R. J.
Possen Co.
Owner: R. J. Possen Co.


Eastwood Business Commons
is an office/warehouse facility
that was designed to accommo-
date its heavily wooded, irregu-
larly shaped site. The design
concept satisfied the owner in
terms of saving quality trees
and providing maximum flexi-
bility for tenant lease spaces.
Six adjoining building mod-
ules, staggered and placed
around trees and tree clusters,
created an aesthetically pleas-
ing pedestrian courtyard, as
well as solving site problems.
The courtyard feature provides
access to both ends of a typical
building bay, permitting it to be
split and accommodate double
loading of tenants within the
same bay.
Initially conceived as concrete
block and stucco, it was deter-
mined that tilt-up concrete slab
construction would reduce the
construction cost by $80,000 and
facilitate construction of the
cantilevered panels required at
the stepped glass corners. Con-
structed with an R-8 roof insula-
tion system, the six-inch con-
crete wall panels are finished,
upon leasing, with foil-faced
insulation and gypsum board.
Interior finishes are specified
when bays are leased, or the
area can be used strictly as
a warehouse.
Stepped, tinted glass in blue
aluminum frames create "chis-
eled" corners and pedestrian en-
try access points at the end of
each building module. They also
characterize the exterior peri-
meter of the facility. Two-inch
wide, blue ceramic tile rustica-
tion bands run horizontally, align-
ing with the horizontal members
in the aluminum storefront. En-
try doors, corner tube columns,


Eastwood Business Complex, main entry, above, and courtyard on facing page, photographed by Burg
Photography. Site plan courtesy of the Zimmerman Design Group.
















and the "diamond" shaped steel
tube and canvas canopy, which
highlights entry into the court-
yard, are finished in bright terra
cotta. Overhead doors, used for
delivery and service purposes,
are recessed from the building
facade and turned 90 degrees to
conceal their appearance.
Eastwood Business Commons
was completed in January of
1986; construction costs for the
25,000 s.f. complex were $575,000
or $23.00 per square foot.


Anne Schumann

The author is an administrative
assistant to the Zimmerman
Design Group.


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It's Boca... and the living is easy




The Charlse Residence
Boca Raton, Florida

Architect: Angles, Esteban
Associates, Inc., South Miami,
Florida
Landscape Architect: Krent
Wieland Designs, Inc.,
Boca Raton
Owner: Mr. & Mrs. Stanley
Charlse
Contractor: Housing
Adventures, Boca Raton

From the firm's beginning four
years ago, principals Manuel
Angles, AIA, and Jorge Esta-
ban, AIA, have equipped them-
selves to create attention-
getting designs for a broad range
of clients including high end de-
velopers of luxury residential
communities, builders of zero
lot line homes and an array of
townhome, villa and patio home
projects. Recently, Angles and r"
Esteban have begun to assem-
ble a crack team of highly tal- Main entrance to house, ab
ented individuals with the skills Stein, 1986.
necessary to provide a complete -
package of architectural and
landscape services for both cus-
tom homebuyers and builders
and developers of residential
land commercial properties. .
Angles and Estaban were
asked by a couple accustomed to
entertaining on a grand scale to
design a residence for them that
would fulfill their new roles as
"empty nesters." The architects
designed a 3900 s.f. house on a
half acre site that is reminiscent
of a villa in Italy that the clients
admired.
Construction of the single-
story house was accomplished
with conventional construction
techniques despite its extremely
luxurious appearance. The
painted stucco structure has a
traditional concrete barrel tile
roof, alluding to the home's
Mediterranean origins.


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o-ve .an po a pt wr to.,-,y
-e d pool a ad pati, --l.w, w p he,.ho r
.- -1 '--.* *-.-*-^ %? " "*-.-.^-= % .-,' -. : ^ ^
ove, anid pool and patio, below, were photographed by Robert









Interior photos by Robert Stein, 1986.


The concrete foundation has
stem wall footing. There are pre-
cast lintels over the windows and
corbelling on the parapet walls
which are capped with U-blocks.
Square masonry columns and
arches were used for support in
the rear of the house and the
patio area is so large that a steel
fliched plate was used to span
the whole area. Ground surfaces
here are brick. There is a green-
house with glass ceiling behind
the family room.
Foyer, dining, living and fam-
ily rooms and kitchen and eating
nook have very high sloping ceil-
ings with exposed wood trusses.
Ceilings are bleached oak and
floors are travertine marble.
Light floods the home through
wall to wall windows with clere-
story above.
The entire mood and feeling of
the house and decor is one of ele-
gance and luxury. The house also
has a light, airy quality. In the


kitchen, for example, the walls
end at the top of the cabinets so
that light can saturate the eating
and food preparation areas.
The dramatic outdoor patio is
replete with Roman columns,
classic archways and covered
ground surfaces. This outdoor
entertainment area is a virtual
extension of the home's interior.
In contrast to the open feeling
which the architects sought in
the house's public areas, is the
intimacy and elegance of the
master bedroom suite. Black
marble and mirrors were used in
dressing and bathing areas, in
addition to a vaulted ceiling,
Roman tub and skylight.
The contemporary mood of the
house is appropriate, not only to
the clients' lifestyle, but to the
climate of the region as well.
Susan Bishopric

The author is a writer for Susan
Gilbert & Co. in Coral Gables.


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Greenleaf and Crosby Restored


Greenleaf and Crosby
Building
Additions & Renovations
Jacksonville, Florida

Architect: Kenneth R. Smith,
AIA Architects
Consulting Engineers:
Structural-Gomer E. Kraus
& Associates, Inc.; Mechanical
and Electrical-VanWagenen &
Beavers, Inc.; Office Space
Planning--Design Environment
Corporation
Interior Design: Catlin
Interiors, Inc.
Lobby Interior Design:
Covington-Young Designers,
Inc.
Owner: Greenleaf Associates,
Ltd.
General Contractor: Wesley of
Florida, Inc.

The Greenleaf & Crosby Build-
ing, originally constructed in
1926, was completely renovated
and a new glass enclosed atrium
was added on the former third
floor roof area. The atrium phy-
sically and visually connects the
second through the fifth floors,
occupied by the Commander-
Legler law firm, and serves as
the reception area for the law
firm while offering a common
circulation path and means of
communication between the
various floors.
The original building, de-
signed by Marsh & Saxelby Ar-
chitects, was designed to permit
the twelve-story tower to be ex-
panded over the entire three-
story base. The new atrium
addition bears on columns de-
signed for the future tower. The
elevator lobby on each floor was
opened up by the new glass cur-
tain wall and provides excellent
views of Hemming Plaza to the
north.
The entire project was com-
pleted in ten months and the
owners were able to take advan-
tage of tax credits for historic
buildings.


-















SAbove, photo of Greenleaf Building as it looked in
1926. Photo courtesy of Kenneth R. Smith, AIA.
















-lower right, original entrance and elevator lobby.
S- Above, photo of Greenleaf Building as it looked in
- -. * - ...... 1926. Photo courtesy of Kenneth R. Smith, AIA.
~Photos on facing page, top left, building as it looks
.... ..following restoration, top right, new atrium stair,


Photos by Davis & Vedas Photographers.





























































01 .6
:16~












Ideal proportions of form and void


Beaches Branch Library
Neptune Beach, Florida

Architect: Pappas Associates
Architects
Engineer: Evans and Hammond,
Engineering, Inc.
Landscape Architect: Jackson-
ville Landscape Company
Contractor: Mel Smith Inc.
Owner: City of Jacksonville


The Beaches Branch Library
was designed with an under-
standing of the inherent geome-
try of the "Golden Section," con-
sidered by the ancient Greeks to
be the classically ideal propor-
tion of form and void. The sides
of the "Golden Section" rectan-
gle are in the proportion of 1 to
1.618. If one looks closely at the
library in elevation, plan and
section, the classical proportion
of the forms and voids is clearly
recognizable.
The symbol of the Beaches
Branch Library, the classic an-
tefix, is seen as a flower-shaped
design on the cast-stone facade.
It was taken from the Greek or-
namental blocks found on the
edge of a roof used to conceal
the ends of the roofing tiles.
The building was designed to
make the most of light and sha-
dow. The facade is constructed
of cast stone which allows for
maximum sculpting of the sur-
face. The light sand color of the
exterior allows for maximum
contrast of light and shadow.
The bright interior colors were
chosen for two reasons. First,
color is used to identify and sep
arate large open spaces such as
the circulation boulevard, the
reading areas, the community
room and the workroom and
staff areas. Second, the bright
colors are used to contrast the
monotony of the stacks of books
and to emphasize the open, airy,
cheerful atmosphere.


44
AN4


;Z


L_7

r~.;.~-r


~K. ~L







































A



Photos these two pages by Bob Braun Photography.




















The library was built with
steel frame supporting precast
concrete wall panels. Longspan
steel bar joists support a single-
ply roof membrane on light-
weight concrete on a structural
steel deck. The building fea-
tures an energy-efficient me-
chanical system that utilizes an
underground storage of hot and
cold water during peak use. The
lighting is a combination of na-
tural, recessed fluorescent and
incandescent light.
The library contains an adult
reading area and a children's
reading room with a combined
shelf capacity of 130,000 vol-
umes. The large meeting room
seats 120 people and has audio-
visual capabilities. The confer-
ence room seats fourteen. There
is a two-story atrium with quarry
tile floor for use as an art display
area. There are offices for librar-
ians and workrooms for sorting
returned books and processing
new books. The library will op-
erate with a computer assisted
referencing system.
Diane D. Greer














Opposite page, top photo by Judy
Davis, Davis & Vedas Photog-
raphy. Lower photo of the circu-
lation desk and lobby area by Bob
Braun Photography.


4N






















LOBBY








ADULT READING AREA


8s88T


This page, plan and elevation
courtesy of Pappas Associates
Architects.


f i
1_%% ---%!%












South Florida Evaluation & Treatment Center


South Florida Evaluation & Treatment Center
Miami, Florida ____


Architect: Wolfberg/Alvarez &
Associates
Principal in Charge: David A.
Wolfberg, AIA
Project Manager: Donald L.
Slager, AIA
Health Care Design Consultants:
Shepley, Bulfinch, Richardson
& Abbott
Engineer: Wolfberg/Alvarez &
Associates
Landscape Architecture: The
Ted Baker Group
Interior Design: Wolfberg/
Alvarez & Associates
Contractor: Harrison/CM
Security Consultant: Carter-
Goble Associates, Inc.
Food Service Consultant: Joseph
D. Antonell, F.S.E.C.
Owner: State of Florida,
Department of General Services
User Agency: Department of
Health and Rehabilitative
Services

This 200-bed maximum security
forensic hospital is uniquely
situated on a 6-acre urban site
and required a vertical solution
to satisfy circulation, as well as
security, requirements. The fa-
cility provides both outpatient
and extended care services in-
cluding medical and psychiatric
evaluation and counseling, edu-
cational and physical rehabilita-
tion. It also has complete recre-
ational facilities. Due to its
location in a residential area
near downtown Miami, careful
attention and sensitivity was
required to address the distinct
contrast between a positive
treatment environment and a
maximum security enclosure.
As the first forensic hospital
to be built in an urban area of the
state, a design solution was re-
quired which would avoid nega-
tive community reaction to a
prison, and instead, present a
positive and safe image. Due to
the court-ordered closing of the
existing state hosptial, both de-
sign and construction of the


Photos by Steven Brooke.





-1, I -1 i T,
4r -,
























































Historic arch i. i....,;.; .... i .... -, ., .If i. ..* to the Seaboard Coastline Railroad Station on the same site was preserved. Photo by Steven Brooke.


177,000 square foot facility were
fast-tracked.
The design solution focuses
around three structural ele-
ments including a two-story sup-
port base, a raised, secured four-
story residential and treatment
tower, and an outdoor recrea-
tional area with green space.
Eight-man residential pods form
a pinwheel around a central
nurses' station and connect to
the treatment and security core,
forming an efficient and positive
interior space while presenting
a strong, dynamic form to the
exterior. The exterior is further
enhanced by L-shaped windows
which add a strong, repetitive
graphic design element and les-
sen the institutional character of


the facility. The facility is en-
hanced by the preservation of an
historic arch which served as the
entry to the Seaboard Coastline
Railroad Station, formerly lo-
cated on this site.
The hospital is constructed of
poured-in-place, precast concrete
joists and reinforced masonry.
In order to meet security require-
ments as well as offer an efficient
structural system, the tower
was designed utilizing reinforced
masonry. The tower module
straddles the lower base with a
transfer slab at the fourth level.
Directly below the transfer slab
and separating the base and
tower, the third level serves as
mechanical space while adding
another level of security.


The mechanical system em-
ploys a computerized smoke de-
tection and evacuation system
consisting of three pressure
zones per patient floor. In the
event of an emergency, a pres-
sure system channels smoke
from the section on fire, thereby
eliminating the possibility of
smoke entering another section
of the facility. The mechancial
room, located between the ancil-
lary base and the secured patient
tower, supplies high velocity air
down to the base and up to the
tower through VAV distribu-
tion. A dryvit exterior insulation
system and heat recovery sys-
tem serve as energy conserva-
tion measures.


Completed in 1986, this medi-
cal center employs three func-
tional elements. First, the center
is a hospital which provides med-
ical and psychological assistance
for a variety of mentsl, physical
and emotional disorders. Sec-
ond, it serves as a maximum se
curity detention center for those
patients awaiting adjudication
in the court system. Finally, it
stands as a facility where pa-
tients who are capable of rehabil-
itation are in an environment
which is conducive to treatment.
Mark H. Smith


The author is Director of Public
Relations for Wolfberg/Alvarez
and Associates.







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VIEWPOINT


Architecture: A rationalist approach


by J. Robert Hillier, FAIA


would like to talk about archi-
tects and stylists. On a national
level, architecture today is in the
grip of a professional debate that
is more lively, and yet loaded
with more animosity, than has
previously existed in its history.
It is a philosophical tug of war
between what I call the stylists
and the rationalists. It is prob-
ably similar to design debates of
old, except that in the 1980s, the
media is a new player even a
new referee and is taking the
debate to the public.
At a time when the profession
is faced with the onslaught of a
computer technology, new sys-
tems, new economics, social re-
sponsibility, and possibly a di-
minishing role, architecture is
caught in a nostalgic throwback
to reminiscences of earlier styles
steeped in romanticism and
humanism. This throwback is
best known as the Post-Modern
movement.
It is a reaction to the glass,
steel, chrome, and concrete high
technology that was dictated to
us with such high-handed glib-
ness in the 50s, 60s, and 70's by
the architectural community. It
is the reaction to Park Avenue's
glass skyscrapers. In fact, those
skyscrapers are the shining an-
tithesis of post modernism.
Style, fashion, handicraft have
reappeared in architecture un-
der the high profile leadership of
such superstars as Robert Ven-
turi, Frank Gehry, Charles
Moore, Don Lyndon, Michael
Graves, and the original trend-
setter of all, Philip Johnson of
AT&T-Chippendale fame.
The counterpart of the post-
modern stylists are what I call
the rationalists a group of ar-
chitects that might seem tradi-
tional with their pragmatic,
problem/solution directed work,
represented by such firms as
Kevin Roche, Skidmore, Stub-
bins, Mitchell-Giurgola, and
The Architects Collaborative.
Tom Wolf's book, Bauhaus to
Our House, addresses the dyna-
mics of how these styles are con-
ceived, born, nurtured, propa-


gated, and then discarded sty-
listic tidal waves orchestrated
by various elite artistic establish-
ment groups, including the Bau-
haus, the International School,
the New York Five, the New
York Press, and Philip Johnson
himself.
With each new generation there
are bound to be new styles but,
as the media identifies, promotes
and eventually discards each
style at an ever-increasing rate,
the bulk of the profession, in fear
of being left behind, is forced to
create something they do not
necessarily understand, do not
necessarily like, and, in fact, do
not always do very well ... all in
an effort to respond to a media-
sensitive clientele that demands
"the latest thing."
In today's world of instant com-
munication, style and its normal
life-cycle are short-lived pheno-
mena . it's "life in the fast
lane."


"With trends now coming
almost as strong and as fast
as those in cosmetics,
music, and jeans,
cornice lines rise and fall
as fast as hem-lines
and some buildings are
being designed with about
the same short-term
commitment."


But building is not a short-lived
news story. Buildings are per-
manent structures, constantly
influencing us. Unlike last year's
dress, we cannot hang last year's
building at the back of the closet.
The turquise green art deco
McGraw Building in New York
is a wonderful example of a great
building that was left behind in
the real estate market because of
that "hideous color."
The later, more classic but less
"stylish" Seagram's building con-
tinues to soar in value and com-
mand one of the highest rents in
Manhattan.
With all of this emphasis on
style and its constant and rapid
revision, the architectural pro-
fession finds itself under unpre-


cedented pressure to perform or
respond. But the profession is
confused about its mission, a mis-
sion which really should tran-
scend issues of style.
Time Magazine has lamented
the blurred difference between
design and fashion. "Design is
supposed to combine the practi-
cal and economical with a dash
of artistic flare so that the result
is pleasant, perhaps even a joy
to use and behold."
Architecture produced by de-
sign should express reasoned
resolution of all client needs. It
should be the balanced result of
all the forces at work on it, not
merely an acquiescence to "style."
Those forces are very simple and
at the same time very complex.
They have varying strengths
and priorities. A good architect
is able to identify all these forces
and weigh each one of them. They
include such basic elements as
site, gravity, heat, cold, the
budget and more complex issues
involving sociology, economics,
demographics, and even poli-
tics. Many forces such as these
latter four, are quite transient,
yet the architecture they mold
is permanent.
So one can take the view that
architecture is a solution to client
needs in the context of all of the
forces at work in a "universe"
that includes the client, his ar-
chitect, and the solution itself.
This is the rationalists' ap-
proach: identify the priorities,
the controlling and influencing
forces and organize and balance
them in their proper and effec-
tive place in a design.
I recall with great fondness
my former architectural profes-
sor, Jean Labatut, who taught
that a design was valid only if
there were ten good reasons for
it being so .. and one of those
reasons could not be, "I like it
that way."
However, at the end of all those
rational arguments, he always
pushed you and your design to a
point beyond the simple intellec-
tual solution to a programmed
need. He asked your intellectual
and rational design to elicit emo-
tional "after-burners." That was














the ultimate "home run": ten good
reasons why and an eleventh one
that said that it would be great
for mankind.
So here we are with the call
for style and fashion on one side,
and the call for pragmatism -
ten good reasons on the other.
What is today's architect to do?
I have always viewed archi-
tecture as a reflection of its time.
Buildings have always been the
permanent record of different
societies. We reconstruct the
picture of Egyptian life from its
pyramids and its temples. Greek
idealism, Roman imperialism,
the dark mystery in the upper
reaches of the Gothic cathedrals,
the richness of the Renaissance,
the dynamics of the Manhattan
skyline: each architecture tells
the story of its time.
Each architect responds to the
forces as prioritized by his client
and the changing social, techni-
cal, and economic conditions in
which he was working. Is today's
architecture confused because,
perhaps, the times are confused?
Are the trends and styles mov-
ing so quickly that there is little
time left for deliberation or
contemplation?
Surrounded by fickle public
opinion, today's fashioners of
brick and mortar risk the fate of
the rock superstar or jeans de-
signer, who are big news today
until "styles" change. But build-
ings are not the essence of the
"hit parade" or the latest denim-
clad model peering out of the
television tube.
If architecture is the balance
of all forces at work on it, and if
architecture is a reflection of its
time, then I would say that the
profession today is as responsive
to today's society as in previous
times. Today's society, the age of
advertising, the age of media, the
age of superstars and throw-away
plastic containers, is telling us
what it wants designed.
After the cacophony of cur-
rent trends has moved on down
the block to the next generation,
today's buildings will still be
standing, responding, serving,
and perhaps even leading by


providing some social stability.
Put aside the drawings, the
renderings, the colors and the
calculations. It is the social for-
mula expressed by Winston
Churchill "We shape our houses,
and our houses shape us" that
will prevail and for which the


profession of architecture will
be held accountable.
One would hope that the trends
of style will soon settle down and
architecture can get back to the
business of architecture as ra-
tional problem solving, done with
style.


J. Robert Hillier, FAIA, is Pres-
ident and CEO of the Hillier
Group, the sixth largest archi-
tecture firm in the nation with
offices in Princeton, N.J., and
Tampa, Fla.










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THE WINDOW CONFERENCE m -U1i FOR HISTORIC BUILDINGS

PRESERVATION ENERGY TECHNOLOGY REGULATIONS PERFORMANCE





The First National Conference on Rehabilitating Windows in Historic Buildings will
provide a comprehensive look at state-of-the-art repair and maintenance techniques,
replacement options, special window accessories, and federal tax credit requirements
with:


Expert faculty of architects, manufacturers, contractors,
developers, building managers, public officials and conservators

Comprehensive workbook with up-to-date technical information and
money-saving planning techniques.

Behind-the-scene field inspections of innovative projects



Major Trade Show

A concurrent trade show will be held featuring manufacturers and suppliers of window
products for historic buildings, along with demonstrations of preservation methods.


Who Should Attend

Architects Developers Contractors Physical Plant Managers Property Owners

Preservation Officials Manufacturers' Representatives City Planning Officials



Conference Date and Location

December 2-4, 1986, Sheraton Boston Hotel and Towers, Prudential Center, Boston



For Further Information Write:

The Window Conference, P.O. Box 27080, Central Station, Washington, D.C. 20038


PRINCIPAL CONFERENCE SPONSORS: National Park Service The Old House Journal e
Georgia Institute of Technology Rhode Island Preservation Commission New York State
Historic Preservation Office Lowell Historic Preservation Commission National
Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers Massachusetts Historical Commission


Boston, December 2-4, 1986






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Reprints of articles that have appeared in Florida Ar-
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in mailings and presentations. These custom promotion
brochures reproduce the article exactly as it appeared
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