Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 America's architectural herita...
 McGinty at Sarasota
 Six residential projects
 Changing the ground rules
 Chapter awards
 Back Cover


Florida architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00228
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Creation Date: November 1976
Frequency: quarterly
Subjects / Keywords: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
System ID: UF00073793:00228
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Table of Contents
        Page 5
    America's architectural heritage
        Page 6
        Page 7
    McGinty at Sarasota
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Six residential projects
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
    Changing the ground rules
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    Chapter awards
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
    Back Cover
        Page 27
        Page 28
Full Text

W A A Flo

This- publication- is. copyrighted. by- the- Florida.
Association. of. the. American. Institute. of-
Architects- and- is- an- official- journal- of- the-

Limited permission to. digitize- and make this- electronic-
version available- has- been- granted- by the. Association-
to- the- University- of- Florida- on- behalf- of- the- State-
University- System* of F lorida.

Use- of- this- version- is- restricted- by. United- States-
Copyright- legislation- and- its- fair use- provisions.- Other-
uses- may- be- a vi olati on -of- copyright- protect ons.

Requests- for- permissions- should- be- directed to- the-
Florida- Association- of. the. American- Institute. of-
Architects.- Contact- information- is- available- at- the-
Association' sweb site.


ND;cember 1.976 .

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Journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects


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In 1846 the tower of the lighthouse was
rebuilt and heightened from 65 feet to its
present 98 feet. During the War between
the States, a group of Southern
sympathizers talked their way into the
tower, smashed the giant lens and ran

away with the lamps. Without the blinking
light, however, the coral reefs became
dangerous passageways for rebel blockade
The light shone again in 1866 but
twelve years later the oil flame was
extinguished for the final time. It had been
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sits firmly on the brink of the ocean and is
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% ;-;g P' -, r

Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects
Directors of Florida Region
James E. Ferguson, Jr., AIA
2901 Ponce de Leon Boulevard
Coral Gables, Florida 33134
(305) 443-7758
Frank R. Mudano, AIA
1189 N.E. Cleveland Street
Clearwater, Florida 33515
(813) 446-1041

Executive Director
Fotis N. Karousatos, Hon. AIA
7100 N. Kendall Drive, Suite 203
Miami, Florida 33156
(305) 661-8947

General Counsel
(Branch Office)
J. Michael Huey, Attorney at Law
1020 E. Lafayette, Suite 110
Tallahassee, Florida 32303
(904) 878-4191

Ellis W. Bullock, Jr., AIA, President
1823 North Ninth Avenue
Pensacola, Florida 32503
(904) 434-5445
James A. Greene, AIA, Vice President/
President Designate
5401 W. Kennedy Blvd., Suite 531
Tampa, Florida 33609
(813) 879-6782

Howard Bochiardy, AIA, Secretary
P.O. Box 8006
Orlando, Florida 32806
(305) 851-0840
Carl Gerken, AIA, Treasurer
P.O. Box 9490
Daytona Beach, Florida 32030
(904) 255-5471

1977 FAAIA Board of Directors

Howard B. Bochiardy
Glenn A. Buff
Ellis W. Bullock, Jr.
James V. Burnette
Cecil Cannon
Donald W. David, Jr.
John Dyal
Norman N. Giller
Alberto Gomez
Carl O. Gutmann, Jr.
John Hobart
Prentis Howard
Jerome A. James
Ivan E. Johnson, III
Charles E. King, FAIA
David C. Leete
Richard H. Morse
Emily Obst
George Palermo
Lester Pancoast
Herbert A. Pecht
Mark H. Ramaeker
Ed Saar
Newton L. Sayers
Frank H. Smith
Ludwig Spiessl
Frank Vellake
Richard Wensing
Felipe Prestamo, RA

Florida South
Florida Northwest
Florida North
Florida North Central
Florida Northwest
Florida South
Broward County
Florida Southwest
Florida Central
Florida Central
Florida North Central
Daytona Beach
Florida North
Palm Beach
Florida Gulf Coast
Florida South
Palm Beach
Florida Gulf Coast
Broward County
Daytona Beach
Florida Central
Florida Southwest
Palm Beach
Associate Director

The Florida Architect
Fotis N. Karousatos, Hon. AIA/Publisher
John W. Totty, AIA/Editor
Kurt Waldmann/Photography

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Much is said today about "marketing"
architectural services. Just what this
term means to each architect is
peculiar to his individual practice
But a new market for marketing
was suggested, in a manner of speaking,
by Larry Birger, Business Editor of
the Miami News. Speaking to the
Florida South Chapter at the opening
of their "Architecture Week", Birger
decried the lack of efforts by both
government and business alike in
seeking new business, industry or
attractions to bolster a sagging
economy in Florida.
Considering that the public visibility
of architects is always in need of
positive promotion, it comes to mind
that here is an opportunity to do just
this. Who in the community is better
qualified to promote guidelines for
new business and industry which will
be environmentally sound and have
a positive effect on growth?
Perhaps each local AIA Chapter
might establish a committee to work
with the Chamber of Commerce or
any other economic development
group in their promotional activities.
If one doesn't exist or is inactive,
the Chapter should call for creating
one or for activating the dormant one.
Taking this step will put the
profession in a leadership role before
the business community, a group
all too often skeptical of "ivory tower
dreamers." Such a role, handled with
the honesty and integrity so badly
in need today, will greatly enhance
the creditability of the entire
Couple this with the fact that new
industry brought to the community
often requires additional support
facilities for increased population,
and you have more potential work
for architects.
The well being of the architectural
profession depends on many factors
in today's economy. Foremost among
these is a real public understanding
of the contribution architects, with
their training and expertise, can make
to society. Taking affirmative action
for community development and
growth should go a long way in
assuring the viability of the profession.

i The



6 America's Architectural Heritage
Selected photographs from a major exhibit of work by noted
architectural photographer Alexandre Georges to be traveling
around the state in 1977
8 McGinty at Sarasota
SText of the major address given by AIA Vice President
^ Jack McGinty, FAIA, at the Convention.

6 10 Six Residential Projects
An architects residence, two private houses, an urban townhouse
-v'ar complex and a proposal for duplex living make up this portfolio

I 16 Changing the Ground Rules
A reprint of an AIA Journal article by Mary Osman examines the
I new edition of AIA Document A201.
19 Chapter Awards
Presenting the 1976 Architectural Design Awards from the Florida
Southwest Chapter, the Florida South Chapter and the Florida
10 Central Chapter.
22_ Letters
24 Newslines
26 Newslines


THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT, Official Journal of the Florida
Association of the American Institute of Architects, Inc., is owned and
published by the Association,a Florida Corporation not for profit. It
is published bi-monthly at the Executive Office of the Association,
7100 N. Kendall Drive, Miami, Florida 33156. Telephone
(305) 661-8947. Opinions expressed by contributors are not necessarily
those of the Editor of the Florida Association of the AIA. Editorial
material may be reprinted provided full credit is given to the author
and to THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT and copy sent to publisher's
office. Single Copies, 75 cents, subscription, $6.50 per year.
Controlled Circulation Postage Paid, Miami, Florida.

Cover: This house exists today as the finest example of antebellum
Classic Revival in Tallahassee. The Grove was originally constructed
on property owned by Richard Keith Call. In 1822, Call, who was a
4t-..!i, .. protege of Andrew Jackson, was elected to serve as delegate to the
r, U.S. Congress from the new territory of Florida. In 1825, he resigned
y a that office to become the Receiver of Public Monies for Florida, a
position associated with the sale of public lands. Call at once began
construction of a home for himself and his wife. He appears to have
acted as his own designer, and the house was constructed from
locally made brick and locally milled timber. Frontier resourcefulness
was expressed in this structure in many ways. The house seems to
have been completed in stages and was possibly occupied as early as
1829 although it probably was not completed until 1836. The Grove
is today owned by Governor and Mrs. Leroy Collins and is listed on
the National Register of Historic Buildings. Photos by Marvin Sloben,


This panorama of architectural
history was created for the
Bicentennial by the National
Academy of Design, the oldest
organization in the U.S. with
a membership composed
entirely of artists.
To honor its architect-
members, the Academy
commissioned Alexandre
Georges, winner of the
American Institute of
Architect's Gold Medal for
architectural photography,
to photograph the finest
works of its members over
the past 150 years. None of
the architects whose work
is pictured in the show is now
living, but their work is
vibrantly alive. And Georges,
whose first client was the
Museum of Modern Art, has
pictured these architectural
works of art in photographs
that are themselves works
of art.
The buildings range from
the Boston State House,
designed by Charles Bulfinch
(1763-1844), to Louis Kahn's
design for the Salk Institute
and Frank Lloyd Wright's

place, architectural
masterworks that span a
century-and-a-half and
thousands of miles.
"It is this company's
fervent hope," he said, "that
seeing this Exhibition will
awaken us all to the neglected
beauty of America's
Architectural Heritage."

This exhibition opened in
Jacksonville and has recently
been at the Ringling Museum of
Art in Sarasota.
The current schedule for
1977 is as follows:
January 9 January 30
Loch Haven Art Center
May 1 May 21
Polk Public Museum
July 25 August 12
Florida Center for the Arts
University of South Florida
September 1 September 29
Pensacola Art Center

~ wlxanore Ueorges

Photography is Alexandre
Georges' second career.
Before World War II he was
a concert pianist. After the
war and regardless of a
promising future as a pianist,
he switched to photography.
In 1971 Georges' work in
architectural photography
won him the Gold Medal of
the American Institute of
4n 1975, working on a
grant from the National
Academy of Design, Georges
spent eight months,
criss-crossing the country
four times, to photograph the
buildings seen in this
Georges is a meticulous
craftsman and enjoys the
high respect of the
Architectural profession for
the sensitive creativity
obvious in his works. He
succeeds in capturing the
essence of forms and spaces
of entire structures in a single

Salk Institute

La Jolla, California
America's Architectural Heritage Architect Louis Kahn
Robie House. ee o
The Exhibition is far more
than a record of American
architectural masterworks.
It's a show in which, for the
first time, the best of -
American architecture can be f -1 --- ;--.. -.- --
seen through the eyes of a
single, sensitive photographer.
The original National
Academy of Design show is
now being seen in the
Northeast. To make it [
available in the Southeast,
the Independent Life and
Accident Insurance Company
purchased a "2nd edition"
of the show which is even
more beautiful than the
original because it includes
additional interiors which
Georges photographed
on his own initiative.
The Florida Association of
the American Institute of
Architects is co-sponsor of "
the show and has arranged for
its exhibition throughout
Jacob F. Bryan, III,
president of Independent Life,
said that the company had
purchased this Exhibition so
that people could see, in one


Johnson Wax Building
Racine, Wisconsin
Architect: Frank Lloyd Wright

Boston State House
Boston, Massachusetts
Architect: Charles Bulfinch


Second Bank of the U.S.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Architect: William Strickland

-.-----II~PI-~PL~e~R~II~- 1

McGinty at

The following is a slightly edited
transcript of the major speech delivered
by Jack McGinty, FAIA, at the
Sarasota Convention

There's not a lot that everyone can
agree on these days, but one notion
that seems to achieve consensus is
that we are at some sort of
crossroads in the development of
Alvin Toffler puts it rather
bluntly, "We are on the brink of
another revolution not unlike that
moment in time 300 years ago
between feudalism and the present
industrial revolution."
Don Fabun, another scholar of
change, claims that in 1966 we
passed from the age of relativism,
that is when knowledge and truth
was relative to our own limited
capacity to comprehend, into the age
of unity. "From a world of statistical
probabilities," he writes, "I discover
an awareness of my interrelatedness
with everything, from blind cosmic
energy to fellow human beings."
This dilemma is readily seen when
we move from philosophy to the
more tangible world of the civilized
environment. Conflict is everywhere.
Capital shortages cripple large
corporations' drive to meet rising
demand. Fuel shortages stymie
utilities' expansion plans and put
inflationary pressure on
transportation rates. Environmental
concerns and rising consumer
expectations are often at cross
purposes with corporate and public
Our problems seem fragmented,
but when we attempt to deal with
them on a fragmented basis we
find no solution because they are in
fact interrelated. And when we
attempt to deal in unity, we find our
institutions and our kit of tools
unfitted for the task.
One recent example of this has
occurred in AIA's lobbying efforts
before the Congress on behalf of a
national energy conservation policy.
Analysis of the situation revealed a
counterproductive relationship
between tax policy and conservation.
Expenditures for fuel consumption

are subsidized by fast write-off
expensing whereas expenditures for
energy conserving features such as
insulation are penalized by increased
property taxes and by having the
owner carry them as capital costs
over the life of the building.
Congress is of course not alone in
its lockstep response to this new
generation of problems. General
vMotors continues to think cars, not
transportation: Exxon thinks fuel,
not energy: and architects still think
buildings, not environment.
300 years ago, most people
foresaw the changes then occurring as
sure signs of a collapsing world.
Traditional roles were crumbling,
church power and authority were
waining, capitalist merchants were
emerging. To most, it was the
beginning of the end. To a few,
however, it held the hope of a new,
more exhilarating civilization. And
that vision was fulfilled.
However, a new society had to be
invented new forms of government,
new economics, new technology, new
authority and new institutions. The
transition from feudalism to the
machine age didn't occur without
torment, strain, war and crisis. This
current transition is no different. The
recession, the energy crisis, the social
upheavals, world hunger are the
evidence of a collapsing system. The
question now is whether we can find
the vision to create a world of unity.
Let's start with the concept of
limits. I believe that is the key to
understanding the future. Barry
Commoner in his new book, The
Poverty of Power, explains, that
progress, economics and growth are
sitting on a 3 legged stool. These 3
legs are capital, labor and energy. The
last 100,years has been us move
dramatically from a labor intensive
society toward an energy and capital
intensive society. This means we are
increasingly substituting money and
energy for work. Corporate success
has been measured by increased
output per unit of Jabor. The whole
drive toward bigness is to become
more labor efficient so we have
poured huge amounts of capital into
central plant, mass production and
shipping facilities and huge amounts
of energy into moving goods and
people from central plants to the
markets of the world. Small wonder,
then, that as we reach the limits of
our energy resources and competition
for capital between government and
industry intensifies that our economic
barometers read inflation, recession,
unemployment and energy crisis.
I believe the inevitable path for

the future of our industry is toward a
recognition of limits and toward
restoring balance to our energy
capital and labor equation. This
means some new directions in the
types of buildings we will be
building. It means some new criteria
in the financing of construction and
it means some new standards for
building and building component
First, as to occupancy types, all
evidence points to a continuing
resurgence in remodeling and the
adaptive reuse of our older building
inventory. This makes sense, first of
all because of the location of these
buildings. They are by and large in
the inner city, near streets and utility
lines and close to where people live.
This helps shorten the energy leg of
the stool. Also they are conservative
of materials and other natural
resources. To remodel an existing
building requires a higher
labor/materials ratio than to build a
new one, and this makes sense in an
economy of inflation and
unemployment. And from the point
of view of capital efficiency,
remodelling old buildings is like a
savings account. You simply get more
square feet per dollar invested, and
that is going to be where it's at in
Add to this economic leverage, the
prospect of retrofitting the existing
building inventory for energy
efficiency and you have a tremendous
market ahead. Buildings now
consume 1/3 of the nation's energy
and AIA's policy research indicates
that over 1/3 of this can be saved by
retrofit. That amounts to 10% of the
total energy consumed in this
country and sooner or later there's

"An interesting aspect of the
future is a return to a more
humane scale in our building

going to be no alternative. Again, its
simply a fact that money invested in
energy conservation means more jobs,
means more btu's and more square
feet than does an investment in
central power generation facilities.
There really is no choice, but there is
a challenge for those of us in the
building industry to seize this fact as
an opportunity and develop the
design capabilities and the products
to build a more humane enviornment.
Another interesting aspect of this
future as I see it and remodelling is
a perfect example is a return to a
more humane scale in our building


endeavors. Ironically, this seems to
imply an advantage to smaller firms,
which certainly would be a switch,
but that just may be the case. Again,
I'd like to turn to an outside expert,
this time E.F. Schumacher, the
eminent British economist, for some
philosophical back-up. He diagnoses
our present problem as one of
giantism. Ever increasing size of
units be they government,
institutions or business corporations
has moved the solution of problems
beyond any comprehensible human
scale. This giantism begets complexity
which begets capital intensivity. The
bigger and more complex things get,
the more money you need to have
under your control to accomplish
anything. If you think this isn't a
trend, Ford Motor Company got
started with $30,000. But now the
industry has become so large and
complex it would take at least a
1,000 times that to get started.
Government programs aimed at
solving problems of any kind, are
now routinely priced in billions.
This giantism excludes more and
more people, if you don't happen to
have a billion, you're not part of the
solution, you're part of the problem
- and the result is alienation,
frustration, unemployment and too
often violence.
I believe projects are going to be
smaller less nuclear plants and
concordes and more remodelling, and
housing. Less new towns, but more
renewed neighborhoods. More modest
new buildings, built for the people
who will use them and built to last.
People want to be involved in the
solutions to their problems. At a
scale they can understand and that
means smaller investments, larger
equity and a different set of
economics based on life cycle values.
Surprisingly, too, I believe this
implies a smaller role for government
in our future. Schumacher again,
refers to this as the "post-political"
age, in which people recognize the
limits to what can be accomplished,
are less inclined to crusades and more
inclined to solving smaller, more
tangible problems.
This may be wishful thinking to
foresee a smaller role for government
in our industry both as a client and
as regulator, but it certainly fits the
Let's hope it holds for energy
conservation measures.
On the national scale, the picture
is brighter than it was a year ago.
Both the Senate and the House have
accepted the concept of performance
standards for building design as
opposed to prescriptive coes.

"My perception of the future is
marked by increased
understanding of how we use
the technology we now have."

Also passed in this Congress is a
Bill to provide loan guarantees for
energy conscious design features in
new and existing buildings and AIA
sees this as potentially helpful.
Going ahead to 1986, though, I
think we can count on energy
budgets, probably severe ones,
measured by today's technology.
Every successful firm will have
developed the expertise and every
client will be motivated by the
imperatives of fuel economics if not
by outright allocations. I sure don't
see this energy question as a
temporary dilemma awaiting a
technical fix, so we can return to a
consumptive mode. No breeder
reactor, no black box, no fusion will
save us from the reality of
conservation from here on out. But
again, being an optimist, I believe the
acceptance and exploitation of that
fact by architects, engineers and
designers can mean a more beautiful
and civilized world.
No look to the future can be
complete without recognition of
another component of change that is
rampant in our society. And that is
rising consumer expectations. Nat
Owings in his address to the College
of Fellows of AIA last May in
Philadelphia, said the days are gone
when architects can design a diamond
shaped toilet seat and say "Their
asses will have to adjust". They
More and more people are insisting
on their right of involvement in the
building process partly because they
get better value working for
themselves and partly because they
have a strong and natural need for a
personal involvement in shaping their
environment. Users are not sitting
back anymore, letting the
professionals tell them what to do,
then quietly paying the bill for
mysterious services rendered.
We must be accountable not
only for good design, but for cost
estimates that are right and for
scheduling that is real. It may mean
that the traditional services of the
architect must be expanded to
include project management,
financing even construction.
It will certainly mean that we had
better be good at something and quit
trying to do everything. There is
certainly going to be a role for the
smaller firm, for the specialist, for

anyone who is organized to maintain
control of his performance.
Accountability means greater control,
and I am confident, a stronger
I guess in summation, I would say
that my perception of the future is
not one of emerging new technology.
Rather, I see it marked by increased
understanding of how we use the
technology we now have. I think we
are facing a people oriented future,
perhaps not unlike the renaissance,
in which what is new is our own
understanding of our limits and our
interrelatedness. More can no longer
be a synonym for better. We're going
to have to ask not how much we can
do, but how well we can do it.
Growth will be measured by quality
not quantity and value will have as
its criteria, permanence, efficiency
and how well it serves human needs.
One aspect of this future I have
not yet touched on is the future of
AIA. Do we have a future? It's a fair
question. We're not a selfjustifying
Just as our profession is a creature
df the society it serves, so I believe
that AIA is a creature of the
profession it serves. As the profession
changes in response to social change,
so must AIA respond with a
willingness for constructive
institutional change.
I believe the job we must do in
AIA in the next couple of years is to
prepare ourselves to capitalize on the
opportunities of the future. We must
rebuild this institution to do the job
ahead. It's not a glamorous crusade
to look inward, to deal with
organizational and financial changes
and with questions of ethics but I
believe we must if we are to enter
the future in harmony with the
society we serve.
We have some fundamental choices
to make. Consumerism, for
instance. We can interpret those
uncomfortable aspects of this tide
that touch us increased liability
exposure and anti-trust suits as
"attacks on the professions," and join
with the doctors, lawyers, engineers
and dentists encircling the wagons in
a defensive posture against the public.
Or, we can see in this challenge, the
opportunity to increase the
effectiveness of our performance. To
do a better job in education, in
design and in project delivery. Can
we in fact lead the way with a new
definition of professionalism based on
performance? I think most of us
would rather be distinguished from
package builders by the quality and
significance of our work than for our
Continued: Page 26



Residence for a Family/Ft. Lauderdale

Desire not need. --
Desire presuposes need. In the
nature of desire lies mans true
expression of himself. His expression' -I
manifests itself in form as
architecture art literature music .
etc. Of true fault in today's society is
the overt occupation of fulfilling need.
We have busy technicians analyzing -
computerizing and listing needs. What
happened to desire? Certainly man
desired to fly before ever having the
need to. We have lost sight of what
motivates us and reduced our life style
to fulfilling need created by demeaning
little people listing cataloging -
mechanizing computerizing and
Desire is! Everything that exists in
society comes originally from desire.
Certainly we desire to live! Why then
must we continue to live by need
and not desire. I hope our future isn't
cataloging numbers and projecting
what the future numbers will be, once
all the numbers are counted and
tabulated against numbers of past
numbers. Our future lies in our
distant past. We and our past were
found from desire.
Life cannot be divided into
functions. Functions are a position of
House is the place of life.
House is in desire and life not need.
Solving the functions of house only
solve need and never touch on desire
or life.
House is a place for family, it can
be home.
In the nature of family is house.
House is the skin that protects. It is
the place of private keeping. It is
the place of public keeping.
,House is where the family contacts
family at the closest range possible.
House is where people can become
what they are not and be what they
The skin of house is the line
between what is and what can be.
A house is not necessarily a home.
A home is a house.

A house is of scale and edge.
Wood is natural to the scale of
room, cypress is indigenous to the
The structure is the boundary
of the edge; used to support the
second floor and sail cloth shade
screens with its two upper trans-
verse trusses supporting the roof
and holding the suspended stairs,
bridge and floor beam mid points
at the central opening.
Single reproduction of basic
truss elements, sail cloth panels,
sliding glass doors with sliding
screens allow the family to self
build with minimum help.


"Quayside"/In-town Village on Biscayne Bay
Alfred Browning Parker, FAIA/Architect

Quayside is Miami's answer to
New York's Sutton Place,
Boston's Beacon Hill or Wash-
ington's Georgetown. When
finished, this 400-home res-
idential community will cap-
ture the charm and intimacy
of an 18th century village.

Above: The first phase of Quay-
side consists of two, three and
four-story homes, grouped side by
side around brick and cobblestone
courtyards, shaded walkways and
tropical landscaping. Left: The
security building at the entry in-
dicates the lush landscaping. On
the plot plan below, the center
portion on N.E. Quayside Terrace
is phase one.


...Y ~a
_______ ,~j4ur



Parker stated: "In the
sense of community and uni-
ty, it does have a touch of an
18th century town, but it's
21th century as far as plans
and construction are concern-
ed. I see the houses as city
villas as opposed to town-
houses. It's a community of a
different sort."
Streets and courtyards in
Quayside will have trees,
fountains and reflecting
pools, but no automobiles.
The automobile will be un-
derground and out of sight.
The houses are built over
massive underground garages
from which residents can
reach any portion of the de-
velopment without going out-
As Parker explains it, the
charm of the intown village in
the older cities of the US and
Europe stems from their
"closed design." "They were
complete as villages before
the cities grew up around
them. They have homogenous
architecture. The scale is gen-
erally smaller and more inti-
mate than that of the sur-
rounding city. Details are im-
portant: a tree or sculpture in
a courtyard, a windowbox, a
wrought iron grill..."
While Quayside will recap-
ture the sense of community
and the efficiency of village
life, it will not be "an imita-
tion, ersatz stageset of tradi-
tional cliches," Parker says.
"It will be the goal of the
architect and the developer to
achieve an intown commu-
nity that will be a forerunner
of the future; an effective
environment for creative
living and energy saving.
Quayside will demonstrate
the conservation of both ma-
terial and human resources."

Architect's Own Residence/Ft. Lauderdale
Robert McDonald, Architect

An active family of four de-
sired an informal "live in the
trees" type house in response
to the unique features of the
The project was to be
owner built with the actual
labor force comprised of fam-
ily and friends. For this pur-
pose, use of simple materials
and construction procedures
was a necessary requirement.
The site is located one
block from the Atlantic
Ocean with the west property
line on the edge of Birch
State Park. A design solution
was required that would be
successful in preserving the
natural elements and exist in
harmonious relationship with
Raising the house off
ground level on a pier type
foundation system solved
structural problems involved
in building around the root
system of a banyan tree. A
two story design concept gave
maximum conservation of a
limited site. "
Large expanses of glass
give sparkling transparency to
the natural surroundings with
privacy maintained by the
thickness of growth. Three
sky-lit two story wells pro-
vide view of trees against the
sky and give the spatial live-
liness required within.
In giving the residence a
Broward County Chapter
AIA Design Award, the jury
stated: "This residence is
commended for its imagina- ,
tive juxtaposition of volumes ,
within a meaningful order. .---
The consistent treatment of i
materials, the sensitive intro-.
duction of light both vertical-
ly and horizontally, and the
sequence of movement FIRST FLOOR PLAN
throughout are exceptional." S LN '"

McDonald Residence nestles tight-
ly among trees. Interior photos
give an indication of the play of
vertical space and how exterior
wood treatment is carried inside.

.C"* n


The first Deering residence, a
Spalatial beach front home, was
Paul Rudolph's most impor-
tant project of his Sarasota
years. This second smaller
house recalls the earlier, yet
Deering Bay Front Residence/Sarasota has a strong architectural
Zoller-Abbott Architects/Planners identity of its own.

l The major form deter-
minant of the house was an
angled sight line giving the
best view of Sarasota Bay.
Sun angles strongly affected
the form and wall openings,
such as the clearstory on the
S south wall of the double vol-
ume, were designed to elimi-
nate summer sun while allow-
ing deep winter sun penetra-
tion into the heart of the
....... ,"Other form determinants
were: to the south-visual iso-
lation from a forward located
neighboring house; to the
north-visual and acoustical
isolation from a tennis court;
for the second floor-sight
lines giving maximum view to
the Gulf of Mexico.
Architecturally the struc-
ture is a strong geometric
form composed of a series of
planes which bend and flow
into each other, creating an
informal, yet ordered, se-
quence of spaces. From the
solid entry side, the series of
interior spaces telescope to
the bay. The entry is a low
Deering Residence entryj~u s : ceiling funnel leading to the
one to interior spaces. Ptgios at 4 .= -
left show the bay side,-the front main space, consisting of the
_-from the drive and the living. double volumed living room
lookinhgout to the Bay. .. '-. and a low ceilinged den,
..... r. dining area and kitchen, all
4." ,; with a commanding view of
the Bay.
The master suite is a bal-
cony suspended into the main
space. From this secure posi-
tion, with its roof deck, one
has complete visual control.
The drive and entry court
are finished with coquina
shell mined from the site. The
.0z raw concrete block, giving a
massive strength to the build-
ing, is the same color as the
Ai shell. Thus the structure vis-
ually grows directly from the


Gerson Blatt Residence/North Carolina
John Albert Weller/Architect

Runaway Farm is built on a
100 acre apple orchard in
Hendersonville, N.C. It is sit-
uated on the top of a ridge
overlooking two lakes made 4,
from natural springs. The
owner wanted a house that
would provide both private
and family living areas, quiet
sleeping places and ample -
spaces for outdoor living and
maximum year-round enter-
The prime design objective
was a house that could be-
come an organic whole with
its wooded setting. Further,
the house was to be an open
expression of its materials.
The architect worked
around this natural setting,
using an arrangement of
cluster houses, each serving
separate functions and totally
enclosed by glass walkways.
The exterior is Florida
cypress, applied vertically and
wrapped around the house in-
side and outside. Combining
with the wood is North Caro-
lina river rock. The brown
and beige tones of the rock
compliment the wood walls.
Glass walls and doors open
the foyer and rear of the
house to the outside. The de-
marcation between interior
and exterior is lessened by
planters and atriums, as well
as the use of identical wood r
paneling both inside and out-
The square, pitched roofs,
shingled with hand-split cedar L
shakes, occupy three levels
and differ in size. Except
where a second floor inter- L
venes, all ceilings are open to
the roof beams. One story
roof levels emerge between
walkways and can be seen .
from the upper living rooms.

Left: View of Blatt Residence
from downhill. Below: Living area
is a two story space which focuses
on a river rock fireplace.


Two-Family House: An Answer to the Housing Crisis
Roy D. Smith & Associates, Architects

Only 17% of the American
population can afford to buy
a new, single family house
today. That's a fact, but rent-
al apartments, co-ops and
condominiums are not the
only answers to our need for
affordable housing. AMERI-
CAN HOME magazine recent-
ly commissioned this 1976
the Year: a two-family house.

--. o

.. "- .s '' .''

The rendering above indi
possible style and design
family residence.


The House of the Year,
designed with two separate
units, offers single-family pri-
vacy and the economies of
two-family living. Unit A,
designed for the family, has
three bedrooms, 22 baths.
Unit B has one bedroom,
more suited to the lifestyles
of singles, young marrieds or
retired couples. The house is
S based on minimal lot size of
80' x 100' with an estimated
cost of $66,000.
dent and Publisher Leda San-
ford explained, "The way
people live today increasingly
reflects the realities of our
times, but attitudes towards
housing are hung up on some
curious myths. One is that
every man's house must be
his castle, complete with
moat or at least a picket
catesone fence. It's time we faced
for a two 1
facts: American life and eco-
nomics cannot support this
myth. For starters, let's re-
consider the two-family
While two-family houses
have long been accepted in
urban areas where land cost
and space are at a premium,
zoning regulations and no-
growth policies in suburbia
have caused housing costs to
skyrocket, threatening the
economic and social well-
being of communities. Mid-
dle-income families, young
adults and the elderly are
forced to relocate in search of
affordable housing.
"We must examine the al-
ternatives to the housing cri-
sis, and we must do it now if
we are to maintain the stand-
ard of living in our communi-
ties," Ms. Sanford states.


Changing the Ground Rules-A201

EDITOR'S NOTE: The recently revised AIA
document A201 is now in general use. It
represents significant enough changes from
previous editions that we feel this reprint
of an article by Mary E. Osman from the
AIA JOURNAL for September 1976 should
help call your attention to them.

The Institute's "General Conditions of
the Contract for Construction,"
widely known as AIA document A201
by the nation's architects, contractors
and owners, has been a standard of the
construction industry for decades. A
new and completely revised edition is
now available. Although the basic
philosophy is the same as its 12
predecessors, the new edition contains
many changes which pertain
specifically to the duties,
responsibilities and procedures of the
architect, owner, prime contractor and
subcontractor. "There has been much
fine-tuning and clarification in the new
edition," says Alan B. Stover, AIA,
director of the documents division at
the Institute, "and the changes will
affect virtually every AIA construction
The progenitor of the 1976 edition
of A201 was the "Uniform Contract,"
first published by AIA in 1888. And in
1911, the Institute issued the first
edition of the general conditions,
which has been revised and amended
over the years to meet changing
conditions so that by 1970 A201 had
gone through 12 editions, becoming
the most widely used of all standard
contract documents for construction.
The new A201 represents three
years of hard work and 'shuttle
Many of the changes in the 1976
edition of A201 have resulted from
close collaboration by the AIA
documents board with the Associated
General Contractors of America.
(which has approved and endorsed the
document), the American
Subcontractors Association, the
Associated Specialty Contractors, the
National Society of Professional
Engineers, the Construction
Specifications Institute and the
National Association of Surety Bond
The changes in the new edition
resulted from a "long drawn out
process," Stover says. The work
started in 1973 when members of the
documents board discussed the need
for revision. Early in,1974, members

General Conditions of the Contract
for Construction


of the documents board met with
representatives of NSPE and CSI, with
discussions resulting in general
agreement as to placement of various
kinds of provisions in either the
general conditions, the supplementary
conditions or "Division One of the
Specifications." During the latter part
of 1974, the documents board went to
work on changing the provisions in the
general conditions which were clearly
outdated, inapplicable or had been
affected by court decisions.
At the end of 1974, AGC and ASA
expressed interest in possible changes
and started preparing their own
comments and suggestions, as did AIA
components and members. During
1975, the major portion of the time of
the documents board was spent on
working out the suggestions and on
ways to improve A201. "Virtual
shuttle diplomacy" was necessary, as
Stover puts it, to get suggestions from
one group, consider them and then
relate them to another group for its
consideration. "Then the process
would start all over again if there were
objections," Stover says. "But in late
1975 and early 1976, we got down to
brass tacks, working toward AGC's
approval of the document."
Over the two-year period when
suggestions by cooperating
organizations were considered and
reconsidered, the documents board
was chaired by Leo G. Shea, AIA
(1974-65) and E. D. McCrary, AIA
1976). The documents board, which
still has much work ahead on the other
documents affected by A201 revisions,
currently has 15 members.
Most changes in the revised A201
concern contract administration
affecting the duties and procedures of
the architect, the owner, the
contractor and the subcontractor.
The architect: "As in the past,"
Stover says, "AIA has been very
conscious of undue liability of the
architect arising out of construction
contract administration duties, and
further modifications in this regard
have been made in the new A201."
The architect is no longer
authorized to issue change orders


without the owner's signature,
partially as a result of cases in which
architects had done so without the
consent of the owners. Also,
provisions have been deleted which
required that the contractor's choice
of superintendent be specifically
approved by the architect. This change
has come, Stover explains, "because of
legal problems arising out of such
direct control over employees of the
contractor." There are other
provisions in the contract which "are
deemed adequate to protect the owner
from, and provide remedies for, the
contractor's failure to have a really
competent superintendent on the
The new document clarifies the
architect's review and approval of shop
drawings, including product data. It is
known that many architects have
attempted to avoid potential liability
by deleting all references to the
architect's approval of shop drawings
in the contract documents, Stover
says, "and after careful study, AIA has
reaffirmed that the architect should
give approval to shop drawings,
although it is a limited approval that
must not be given before the
contractor himself has specifically
approved the submittal."
The architect is no longer
responsible for reviewing warranties
submitted by the contractor, the
consideration being that because of
the complex technical and legal nature
of the warranties, the review should be
undertaken by the owner's legal
counsel for a determination of their
The architect will no longer
specifically approve the contractor's
progress schedule, schedule of values
or proposed subcontractors, but will
still review them and have the right to
raise objections. "These are instances
in which the prime responsibility for
their adequacy and sufficiency should
rest with the contractor," Stover says.
"The reasons for the changes with
regard to these approvals is to prevent
earlier misinterpretations that, by
having final authority over such items,
the owner and architect were primarily
responsible for them. The failure of
the owner or architect to object to any
such items will not relieve the
contractor of his prime
Stover emphasizes that there has
been reiteration "in laymen's terms,
understandable to a jury who might be
called upon to decide the question,
that the architect does not have
control or charge over the contractor
or his means, methods, techniques,
sequences or procedures of

"Finally, we have stated in the
contract the principle (fully supported
by legal decisions over the years) that
the architect, in his quasi-judicial
capacity as interpreter and judge of
performance, will not be liable for
decisions made in good faith. The
existence of this quasi-judicial
immunity provides the best insurance
that an architect will make impartial
decisions favoring neither the client
nor the contractor. Architects should
make it clear to their clients at the
outset of a project that the architect
will be called upon to make decisions
and that those decisions may
sometimes be in the contractor's
The owner: There is now a
requirement that the owner purchase
"all risk" insurance for his project
instead of the formerly required fire
insurance with extended coverage.
Representatives of the insurance
industry have cautioned, however, that
this type of insurance may not be
available in all instances, which would
then require use of traditional types of
insurance coverage.
The owner must provide full
information on the site, including a
legal description of the property, and
the owner is responsible for procuring
zoning approval, environmental impact
statements and other approvals
required before construction
At the time the contract is
executed, the owner must give
evidence of his ability to carry out the
project financially, such as disclosure
of a loan commitment from a bank.

Virtually every AIA contract
document is undergoing revision
because of A201 changes.
The owner has full responsibility
for the coordination of separate
contracts and work by his own forces.
In turn, the architect may be asked to
coordinate the work, or a construction
manager may be hired to do it, or the
owner's personnel may be used-but
the final responsibility is placed
squarely upon the owner.
There are miscellaneous
responsibilities of the owner, such as
the review of warranties and payment
of any increase in taxes which may be
imposed upon the contractor during
the course of construction. Also, the
owner is now required to give the
contractor an additional seven days
warning before taking over the work
because of the contractor's deficient
The contractor: It is now the prime
responsibility of the contractor for the
submittal of an accurate and realistic

progress schedule and schedule of
values, and for submitting the names
of competent subcontractors for the
owner's and architect's review. The
owner and architect do not specifically
approve the subcontractors, although
they have the opportunity to reject
the contractor's choice. Once a
subcontractor is engaged, however, the
owner and architect no longer have the
power to require a change.
The contractor is required to afford
subcontractors the benefits of those
rights and remedies which the
contractor has under the general
conditions. Any variance in the
subcontract must be brought to the
subcontractor's attention before he
enters the subcontract. "This
provision," says Stover, "is designed to
prevent the imposition of onerous
conditions on subcontractors after
they have been selected to do portions
of the work."
The contractor must pay
subcontractors promptly, not
withholding more retainage than has
been withheld from the contractor by
the owner. "There was clear abuse,"
Stover says, "where the owner would
be holding back 5 percent of the price
on the contractor and the contractor
would hold back 10 percent on the
The contractor remains fully
responsible for compliance with laws
and regulations affecting the execution
of the work. The contractor must
review the architect's drawings and
specifications for any inconsistencies
or code violations and bears the risk if
he proceeds with the work knowing of
such inconsistencies or violations.
"It is the contractor's responsibility
to bring any problems to the architect
for a decision," Stover says, "so that
even if the architect has made an error,
it can be corrected before it is built
into the building. Under the contract,
the architect decides any disputes. If
the contractor does not like the
architect's decision, the contractor can
demand arbitration. The architect
continues to have the ability to reject
defective work, to withhold payment
and to require special inspection and
testing of any work that he thinks may
be defective."
The contractor must pay for the
general building permit and all other
permits required during construction.
He may now make claim for additional
amounts because of concealed
conditions within existing structures,
whereas previously the contractor
could only claim additional amounts
for concealed conditions underground.
Any extension of time for adverse
weather conditions must be based
upon conditions that could have

reasonably been anticipated, usually
based upon historical weather data
over the previous 20 to 25 years. The
contractor must allow in the progress
schedule for weather conditions which
would be as severe as could be
expected during the period of
construction. "The fact that a
contractor didn't expect it to rain in
any particular week or during any
particular one of the operations should
not provide basis for an extension of
time," Stover says.
The one-year obligation on the
contractor to return and correct
defective work has specifically been
distinguished from the contractor's
original obligation to build the project
in accordance with the contract
documents, which may be enforced in
the form of money damages
throughout the longer period provided
by the statute of limitations.
The subcontractor: Some of the
changes which affect the sub-
contractor, such as method of
selection (which also applies to
materials suppliers), have been
mentioned. A201 provides that for the
purposes of bidding the rights,
responsibilities and remedies of both
the contractor and the subcontractor
under the subcontract "will reflect the
same allocation as between the prime
contractor and the owner," Stover
emphasizes. Any variances must be
brought to the attention of the
subcontractor before the subcontract
is signed.
In the July ASA Review there is a
statement about the revised A201 that
"most of the changes adopted improve
the position of the subcontractor in
regard to payments, settlement of
claims and disputes, subcontractor's
rights and remedies, the payment of
interest at a fair rate on unpaid
obligations, retainage provisions and
indemnity clauses. Changes in various
sections will have the effect of
speeding progress and final payments,
including retained amounts, to
subcontractors who have in the past
been unable to receive payment
commensurate with their own progress
because of payment delays under
various guises."
Other changes in A201 concern:
Payments and completion: The
most significant changes in this area
have been designed to ease and speed
up the flow of payments from owner
to contractor and down through the
tiers of subcontractors. "Specific
problems were brought to AIA's
attention by subcontractors,
particularly in regard to payments,
completion and retainage," says
Stover, "and included were general
and specific abuses or failures in the


payment system whereby contractors
would often withhold more from
subcontractors than was being
withheld from the contractors. Also,
because of the retainage system, early
finishing trades or subcontractors
would have to wait long periods of
time after their work had been fully
completed to get final payment."
The architect's certification for
payment provisions has been changed.
If the architect is satisfied with only a
portion of the work applied for, he
will be expected to issue promptly a
partial certificate for payment, rather
than withholding the entire payment
because of a small portion of defective
work, and to notify the contractor of
his action. "Consequently," Stover
says, "subcontractors whose work is
accepted should get paid, because no
additional money is being withheld
because of faulty work by others. By
requiring the architect to certify the
payment for accepted work, some
money will be flowing through so that
subcontractors whose work is not
defective can be paid. If one element
of system of the building is completed
before the entire project is finished,
such as elevators, the architect can
issue a certificate of substantial
completion on that portion of the
work so that payment can be made
without waiting for the entire building
to be finished. To ensure that
retainage is not abused, the
contractor's application for payment
must indicate the retainages applicable
to the various portions of the work,
the contractor must pay the
subcontractors promptly and the
contractor may retain from the
subcontractor only the percentage
retained from him by the owner."
A201 recognizes that various
retainage methods may apply in
varying situations and does not dictate
the method. Longstanding AIA policy
has recommended an effective 5
percent level of retainage through the
reduction of retainage after 50 percent
completion. With the new document,
line-item payment and release of
retainage may prove easier to
administer and more equitable for all
concerned. "The payment provisions
are designed to facilitate the release of
the bulk of the retained amounts at
substantial completion," Stover says,
"so that no more than is necessary to
ensure completion of the punch list
need be retained."
Provisions for determining the
dollar amounts of change orders
have been clarified in the new
A201. Payment will be made for
materials stored at the site, and late

change orders which affect the date of
final completion of the work may not
be used to delay final payment. Stover
cautions: "Payment provisions of the
new A201 may conflict with certain
lenders' policies for draws on the
construction loan. Consequently,
payment provisions may need to be
modified to conform to the terms of
construction loan agreement."
Miscellaneous legal considerations:
Stover, who is an attorney as well as
an architect, points to several other
details in the new document. For
example, the arbitration clause has
been modified to place limitations on
the bringing of multiple parties into
arbitration proceedings.
In the 1974 editions of the owner/
architect agreements, AIA specifically
prohibited the architect from being
brought into an owner/contractor
"We continue the prohibition on
compulsory joinder of the architect,"
Stover says, "because there is a
different legal standard of care that
the architect is subject to as compared
with the contractor. And in an
arbitration panel, without judges and
lawyers overseeing the process, we
were afraid that the standard of care
that applies to the architect would be
lost. However, we do not prohibit the
contractor from bringing in
subcontractors when the contractor
has a dispute with the owner. Or vise
versa, so long as the parties are all
closely connected with the dispute."
Another requirement that has been
clarified is that the architect must
specifically concur in any action by
the owner to stop the work. The
document now makes it clear that the
power to stop the work is provided
solely for the owner's benefit-not for
the benefit, for example, says Stover,
"of an injured employee who later
contends that he was faced with a
hazardous condition that the owner
should have prevented."
Division One of the Specifications:
The basic philosophy is that detailed
procedural requirements should be
dealt with in "Division One of the
Specifications," in accordance with
the Uniform Construction Index (see
AIA documents E101 and K103) and
the project manual concept (see AIA
Journal, Feb. 1973). "Conversely,"
Stover says, "the general conditions
had to retain reference to the basic
responsibilities among the parties for
such items. Consequently, several of
these conditions were not deleted
entirely from the revised A201. A
minimum of language that we could
live with was retained so that if the
architect did not develop the
specifications properly, there still

would be an indication of the basic
More detailed specifications are
now required to fill out the following
provisions of A201: 4.10, progress
schedule; 4.11, "record drawings";
4.12, shop drawings, product data and
samples; 4.15, cleaning up; 7.7, tests,
and 9.2, schedule of values.
"Basically," Stover says, "the
streamlining of these portions of the
general conditions allows the
specifications writer to elaborate on
the general conditions without having
to change them by writing a
supplementary condition to delete
language in A201."
All the months of involved
discussions, negotiations and
arguments over the revisions in A201
will quickly bear fruit, Stover says,
"by allowing other AIA documents
affected by A201 to be revised in a
minimum period of time."
The four documents most
immediately affected by the revised
A201, and now currently being
revised, are: B141, the
Owner-Architect Agreement, A701,
Instruction to Bidders, A511, Guide
for Supplementary Conditions and
chapter 13, "General Conditions," of
The Architect's Handbook of
Professional Practice.
Related documents, which are
affected to a greater or lesser degree,
include: A101, Owner-Contractor
Agreement (Stipulated Sum), A107,
the Short Form Construction
Contract, A111, Owner-Contractor
Agreement (Cost Plus Fee), A401, the
Subcontract, and many of the G-series
contract administration forms.
Stover cautions strongly: "On
projects which were designed under
the 1974 edition of B141 or earlier
documents, but will be constructed
under the new edition of A201,
amendments to those already executed
owner-architect agreements will need
to be made to bring them in line with
the architect's construction phase
responsibilities under the new A201."
A side-by-side comparison of the
1970 and 1976 editions of A201, a
commentary on the revisions and a
cross-reference index of the two
editions are included in a packet of
materials available at $2 per packet
from the publications marketing
department at Institute headquarters.
Also, chapter 13 of The Architect's
Handbook of Professional Practice,
which goes into detail about the
various changes and gives additional
instructions on how to amend B141,
will be available before the end of the
year. Meanwhile, questions and
comments may be directed to Stover
at AIA headquarters (202) 785-7254. *


Florida South Chapter Awards

Jurors Peter Jefferson,
William Morgan, FAIA and
Donald Singer Selected
these projects for Awards

Kearsarge Woods Resort
ARCHITECT: Baldwin and

"Although representing the cur-
rent design trends in this kind of
project, the jury concurred that
this submission was deft, consist-
ent, and clearheaded, comple-
menting its terrain and woods."

AP -- I -

Private Residence
ARCHITECTS: Baldwin and

"The jury concurs with these de-
signers that a small livable place
can be strong and simple, and it
rejoices in openings well related
to interior spaces."

City of Miami Police Headquarters
Pancoast Architects
Bouterse Borrelli Albaisa

"Reaction of the jury to this
major building makes an impres-
sive list: controlled monumental-
ity, rewarding sculptural masses,
rich materials, clearly defined
structure, and strongly responsive
to climate."

Multiple Adaptions of Prestressed Apogee Townhouses
Precast Concrete Panals ARCHITECTS:
ARCHITECT: Charles M. Sieger Charles M. Sieger, AIA
Denis E. Arden, AIA
"The 'handsome models of this Robert M. Altman

theoretical exploration excite the
jury about the implied potential:
housing as an elegant geometric

"The jury commends this non-
monumental collection of urban
dwellings, with special comment
on the variety of common spaces
created by its fabric."



Florida Southwest Chapter Awards

The Jury for these
Awards was Mark Hampton, FAIA
and Donald Singer, AIA

Gulf Federal Savings & Loan
ARCHITECT: Cornwell & Stroud
"This appears to be a competent-
ly handled solution to an often
repeated building type with par-
ticular skill evidenced in the tech-
nical aspects of detailing."

Fort Myers-Lee County
YMCA Building
McBryde, Parker & Mudgett
"The design process at its func-
tional best produces an integrated
series of programmatical parts
that at the completion of the
process become a pleasing and
workable whole. This project
appears to be the result of a
thorough thought process of this
nature and exhibits qualities
worthy of note. Also noteworthy
is the skill with which the build-
ing is made to melt into the flat
site and become part of the

Office and Residence
ARCHITECT: Frank Vellake
"An extremely interesting and
diverse arrangement of spaces
executed with inexpensive mate-
rials appropriate to the solution,
producing a totally pleasing en-




Florida Central Chapter Awards



100 Madison Building -Ai
Tampa .
Rowe Holmes Associates


Louis Pappas Restaurant
Tarpon Springs
John Howey Associates


Frank W. Springstead High School
Spring Hill
Prindle, Patrick & Partners


An Architect's Office
Rowe Holmes Associates


Clinic Building for Dr. Castro
Rowe Holmes Associates

The Jurors Included:
Jules Gregory, FAIA,
Ellis W. Bullock, Jr.,
and Gary D. Ridgdill

Space does not permit showing
photos of these awards:

Francis J. Bellamy Elementary
Rowe Holmes Associates

The Loading Dock
Rowe Holmes Associates

Children Services Center
Facility Analysis
The Rados' Partnership

Brogden Residence

The Pinnacle Apartments
Robert Weilage & Lee Scarfone

Hillsborough County Maintenance
John Howey Associates

Plant City Police/Fire Station
Stewart-Richmond Associates

Third Floor Addition
Lakeland City Hall
A. Ernest Straughn

Office/Residence for Albert J.
Davis, M.D.
John Howey Associates

Burdines Department Store
Clearwater Mall
Reynolds, Smith & Hills

Suncoast Schools Credit Union
Reynolds, Smith & Hills




Dear Fotis:
Thanks so much for your renewal-
of-membership donation and an even
larger thank you for being a loyal
friend to Florida House.
The Bicentennial summer was a
wild one, but we're still standing and
looking forward to seeing you when
you're here next. Again, thank you!
Michael S. Mullin


Dear John:
Just a note to thank you for the
fine article about Schwab & Twitty in
your July/August 1976 issue of the
Florida Architect.
We certainly enjoyed working with
you and we feel that you did an
excellent job on the profile which
represented us very well and we look
forward to having the opportunity of
working with you in the future.
Thank you again for all your help
and assistance.
Paul M. Twitty
Architect, A.I.A.


JOHN, we were delighted with the
coverage you gave in Florida Architect
this month. It is a real compliment to
get that kind of article from your
Maurice L. Appleton, Project
CM Associates


Dear Editor:
I enjoy the opportunity for the
communication with my fellow
professionals through your magazine
each month. Recently I have had
several construction management
contracts for work in the Central
Florida area and find that the degree
of control over the building process is
absolutely fantastic. I wonder if you
could publish this letter and ask any
architects who are interested in this
concept to call me, or write, so that
we may discuss some of my
experiences in this area.
Steve Cook, Architect
P. O. Box 4276
Winter Park, Florida 32793


Dear Mr. Greene,
Enclosed please find my check for
Thank you and Mr. Karousatos for
the kind notes, information and
encouragement. As you must know,
starting out on your own is a big step
and difficult even in good times!
I chose the 4th. of July, 1976 as
my 'shingle hanging' to remind me
that this country is great because the
individuals who support it are
independent. I believe the difficult
economic situation is partly due to
some of us forgetting this principle
and depending too much on others to
do too many things for us.
Thanks again for your support. This
check in a small way pledges my
support for the profession, and the
A.I.A. which advances its ideals.
Bill Johnson, A.I.A.


FOTIS, the whirlwind trip to Sarasota
was extremely enjoyable. I regret not
being able to take more time and bring
Mrs. Wheeler with me.
The convention was a big success
because everyone seemed to
thoroughly enjoy it. As I mentioned
before I judge conferences and
meetings by the enjoyment and
benefit of those who attend rather
than worry about those who do not
It was also fun to observe the
FA/AIA business meeting and to learn
that your problems are like the
problems of all of the other
associations. It was nice to meet your
wife and family-also Ellis, Jack, Nils,
Fred and many other members of
FA/AIA that I had not met previously.
I enjoyed meeting again some who
attended the spring seminars.
Hope our paths cross soon again.
Tell John Totty that I appreciate his
great hospitality and assistance again.
C. Herbert Wheeler, Jr.,
FAIA, Architect

Dear Fotis:
You and your crew really worked
hard to make the Sarasota Convention
the success it was.
Petey and I appreciate the kindness
and consideration you gave us. You all
made our first A.I.A. Convention
experience a delight.
William Cox

Dear Fotis:
I just want to thank you and Ann
and John and Reblin and everyone
involved with the Convention in
Sarasota for a job well done. I wasn't
able to make all of the convention but
for the time I was there and from what
I saw I thought it was extremely well
Please thank Carl Abbott and the
other Sarasota people involved for
really doing a bang up job on their
Thanks again from an appreciative
Kurt Youngstrom

Dear Fotis,
I would like to thank you once
again, on my own and Christine's
behalf, for the invitation to participate
in the regional convention of the
Florida Association, which just ended
in Sarasota.
Having attended numerous
conventions in the past, I would like
to congratulate you on the superior
way in which this one was organized.
You can be justifiably proud of your
I am looking forward to many years
of collaboration with my professional
colleagues in Florida.
Mark T. Jaroszewicz, AIA
Dean, College of Architecture
University of Florida
Whoever thought of putting out the
"Conventionews" had a great idea,
which was concise, and covered the
convention well.
As a follow-up I would suggest, in
the next issue of our magazine, to give
a list of past recipients of the various
awards, both as an honor to them and
a history lesson to the members.
On professional requalification, I
appreciate that some statement should
be made to stay on top of the
situation. Yours was a good
"Mugwump" statement, but I can't
tell which side of the fence the officers
of the Association are on. I do know
my thoughts and they are not
favorable to mandatory
requalification. My education is going
on every day and I would be happy to
share my ideas on this subject with the
State Association committee set up to
work on this matter.
C. F. McAlpine, Jr.
Editor's Note: The FAAIA Reference Book
to be published later this fall will contain a
listing of recipients of various awards dating
back to 1964.



Dear Florida Architect:
I suppose that I am one of the few
persons outside the Florida region who
is lucky enough to receive your
magazine. I am very appreciative for I
believe it provides a good format and
our employees are interested in seeing
what is being done in other parts of
the country.
This letter is in response to Fotis N.
Karousatos' Article in the
September/October 1976 issue "The
Cost of AA Membership!
The total number of days to which
the total support for AIA (your figure
$1,413.24 should be applied at 240
days. This is arrived as follows: 365
total days less 100 for weekend days
less 8 holidays less 10 vacation days
less 3 sick days for a balance of 240
days. Applying the total amount of
support for this office equals $5.89
per six person office per work day.
Even this more realistic burden on
employees' salaries is not
objectionable and I like the way the
figures sound. I hope the response has
been favorable from others likewise.
Leon Bridges, AIA, NOMA
EDITOR COMMENT: The article did not
take into account vacation, holidays, etc.
since various firms have different office

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Wins Award

received an award for "General
Excellence" from the Florida
Magazine Association in its 1976
competition. Entered in the category
of Non-Profit Association, under
18,000 circulation, F/A scored 92
points out of 100 to place second.
First place among five magazines in
this category went to LINEN
SUPPLY NEWS with 95 points.
Two issues of the magazine were
entered for judging, those of
July/August 1975 and March/April
1976. Judges comments were: "This
'in-house' publication for professional
architects also serves as a public
relations tool for increasing public
awareness of the architect's work and
function. From contents page to back
of book letters department, there has
been a remarkable transformation in
makeup and layout. Scattered and
diffuse editorial-feature content of
'75 issue has been refashioned by use
of modern, ragged right, clean layout
in '76 issue. Here professionalism
comes to the fore. Architectural
principles of strength through
simplicity have been applied to
enhance visual appeal."
FCC Hosts
MasterSpec Workshop

As its first educational program of the
new administrative year, Florida
Central Chapter held an afternoon
seminar-workshop on MasterSpec.
Presenting the program was John
Schruben, FAIA, President of P.S.A.E.
Schruben went through a series of
80 slides explaining the MasterSpec
system, followed by a work session
taking the group through a sample
section for glass and glazing.
MasterSpec can be used in three
basic categories: broad scope, narrow
scope and short language version, each
being interchangeable. MasterSpec
provides a reference text for every
conceivable variation with the
subscriber editing the text for
production. Thus it can be utilized
in a number of ways to produce a
specification tailored to a specific
Members of Florida Gulf Coast
Chapter as well as CSI members were
also invited to the seminar.

Anthony E. Oliver and John Glidden
announce the opening of their
architectural practice at 204 Brazilian
Avenue, Palm Beach, Florida, 33480.

Growth is Topic of FSC
Architecture Week

Opening "Architecture Week" in Dade
and Monroe County, a distinguished
panel struggled to define growth in
physical as well economic terms. In
only a short period of time there has
been an abrupt turnabout from
concern over ways to control
unbridled physical growth to a real
need to stimulate economic growth
in a staggering economy.
The panel discussion was held
during a regular meeting of the
Florida South Chapter. Moderated
by Lucius Williams, Executive Director
of Miami's Downtown Development
Authority, the panel included John
Dixon, Editor of PROGRESSIVE
Business Editor of THE MIAMI NEWS
and Wayne Markham, Real Estate
Editor Dixon indicated the most
serious issue facing architects
nationwide is economic recovery. He
sees a change in attitude toward
building with a greater value placed
on building for permanency rather
than for image. He sees a "leaner and
meaner client", who will take a harder
look at the selection of architects.
This will require new and more
creative approaches to marketing
services. Already he hears many
architects lament that a design
reputation doesn't mean much in
today's market. Rather, the emphasis
is on capability and experience to
perform particular required services.
Cuscaden, along the theme of
getting more work, saw three
approaches: wait for the economy to
get lush, a waste of time; fly to the
Middle East, a waste of money; or try
to survive under adverse conditions.
Considering the last one the only
viable approach, he suggested two
markets which should be further
exploited by architects: recycling,
retrofit and restoration work and the
field of interiors.
Calling architecture the
"inescapable art", he felt the public
visibility of architects and of the
profession must be improved.
Closing out "Architecture Week"
was the 7th Annual Urban Workshop
for Community Leaders. The
Workshop, held at Marathon in the
Keys, featured a number of Dade and
Monroe County community leaders
discussing the theme subject "The
New Growth?" Special dinner speaker
at the Workshop was John McGinty,
FAIA, Vice President of AIA.

Florida Firms Receive
Two Florida architectural firms have
received Merit Awards in the Fifth
Biennial Awards Program for
Distinguished Architectural
Achievement sponsored by the Naval
Facilities Engineering Command
and the AIA. Pictured below are the
two projects.


Golf Clubhouse, Naval Air Station
Pensacola, Florida
ARCHITECT: The Bullock Associates
Jury Comment: "This building is at home
in its environment. It is sensitive to human
scale, and the choice of materials is
consistent with the location and atmosphere.
It uses a simple, straightforward plan with
a logical separation of functions, and is a
good expression of poured-in-place concrete."
". v mm .

Enlisted Men's Dining Facility
U.S. Naval Air Station
Jacksonville, Florida
ARCHITECT: McDonald & Gustafson
Jury Comment: "To create a cheerful
atmosphere, this building turns in on itself.
In an otherwise drab campus of buildings,
it is a visual relief of high quality. It is also
bright and cheerful on the interior,
continuing the atmosphere created on the
exterior in a manner appropriate to the
function of the building."

Award to Acton
When members of the Florida South
Chapter AIA recently honored City of
Miami Planning Director George Acton
for efforts in "creating superior urban
development guidelines to enhance and
enrich Miami's urban development,"
particularly through new zoning
classifications for the Brickell area, work
on tree protection ordinances and creation
of an Urban Development Review Board.
Making the presentation to Acton (left) are
Chapter President Lester Pancoast and
Thurston Hatcher, a past chapter president.


PPG Solarcool reflective glass.

A beautiful bargain that works everywhere.

In almost every state, the clean,
crisp, contemporary beauty of PPG
Solarcool reflective glass is making
the landscape more attractive. And
helping builders and architects look
While it costs somewhat more
than tinted glass, Solarcool reflective
glass creates such a dramatic effect,
and can make a building so easy to
rent or sell, that its higher price can
prove a very profitable investment.
Plus, it's reflective. Which means
it reduces glare, heat gain, and even
some of the air-conditioning costs.
And since it can be cut, tempered,
and made into insulating units locally,
it's ideally suited to any type of light
commercial construction.
And of course, it reflects all the
wonderful world of trees, clouds,
neighboring buildings, and anything
else nearby.
For your next job, spec it in
PPG Solarcool reflective glass. We'll
both win.
To get the entire beautiful
picture, ask your glass distributor
for details. Or write for our infor-
mative booklets: Department F-2116,
Solarcool, PPG Industries, Inc.,
One Gateway Center, Pittsburgh,
Pa. 15222.

PPG: a Concern for the Future
1. Mack Construction Office Building,
Montvale, N.J.
Architect: Barrett, Alien & Ginsberg
Contractor: Mack Construction Co.
2. Physicians' Square, Shreveport, La.
Architect: Wilson, Sandifer Associates
Contractor: Whitaker Construction Co., Inc.
3. Mesa Verde High School,
Sacramento County, Calif.
Architect: Porter, Jensen & Partners
Associate Architect: Earl John Taylor
Contractor: Nimbus Construction Co.




New American Vulcan Corp. Plant
Construction has begun on a new plant near
Winter Haven for American Vulcan Corp.
whose parent company is located in Germany.
The 40,000 square foot structure will be
constructed of precast concrete columns and
beams on a 24' x 24' module with
pre-stressed concrete double tee units. In-fill
walls will be fluted concrete block. The
structure is designed in a manner to
facilitate expansion in most any direction.
Architect for the plant is Gene Leedy of
Winter Haven.

Udfa- _72

o'Tou., u -


District Court of Appeal
A new facility was recently dedicated in
Miami to house the Third District Court of
Appeals. A feature of the building is an
open two-story landscaped courtyard
entrance. It is partially roofed to allow for
circulation and assembly while taking
advantage of the semitropical climate.
Focal point of the building is the
semi-circular courtroom with tiered seating
and three continuous skylights to allow
north light into the space. Architects were
Ferendino/Grafton/Spillis/Candela of Coral

4th Cover
AIA Documents
Architectural Products &
Professional Services
2nd Cover
Cabot's Stains
3rd Cover
Dunan Brick Yards, Inc.
Omega Tile Distributors
PPG Industries
Southern Bell
Kurt Waldmann,
Architectural Photography

I- I

Key Largo Microwave Tower
This unique design for a microwave tower
was produced for Southern Bell by The
Smith Korach Hayet Haynie Partnership of
Miami. Located in Key Largo, the tower
is a tubular concrete structure 18 feet
square and 170 feet tall. The interior is
hollow to facilitate access to the antenna
platforms and the walls are designed to
withstand hurricane force winds up to 180
MPH. The architects found concrete to
be as strong as steel and economically more
efficient. In addition, the finished surface
needs no painting and there is no worry
of rust. The tower has been selected as one
of "The Outstanding Concrete Structures
in Florida" for 1976.


The 1976 Convention approved a
resolution affirming continued support
of the Florida Architects Political
Action Committee and calling for a
contribution goal of $10,000 over the
next two years. Each issue THE
progress in attaining this goal.
Have you contributed?

S| $10,000

1 9,000



_ 6,000






McGINTY, continued

compensation methodology. Why
don't we accept the challenge that an
enlightened society has placed before
Another choice we face is deciding
who we, the members of AIA are.
One option would be the elitist
route, to represent only those
architects practicing in the traditional
relationship with traditional clientele.
But I don't believe that would be
consistent with the future. The future
is one of expanding options and this
indicates broader and more diverse
roles for architects. Why else are
there 30,000 students studying
architecture right now when
unemployment in architects offices
averages 20%? Common sense
indicates that they cannot and
probably do not expect to be
absorbed into traditional practice
modes. And what are those 35,000
architects doing who are not
members of AIA?
I believe the choice is apparent. If
we are to remain the American
Institute of Architects and serve the
expanding demands of society, we
must seek to diversify our
membership and broaden our mission
and services. We should represent
architects whatever role they choose
to play in the quest for a better and
more humane environment. What
binds us together as a profession is
not what position we play on the
team, rather it is our commitment to
that goal and our knowledge and skill
as professionals.
As I said earlier this is the age of
unity, and all of these fundamental
questions are related.
They are all bound up in our
ethics and dues and membership
questions and cannot be set apart or
isolated. My principal goal for AIA in
this next year is to address these
issues in a unified context and to
find the answers that will keep us as
an institute financially healthy, and a
strong and effective voice for a proud
and purposeful profession. I think we
can accomplish that.
So many of the major issues of
the future are in our bailiwich -
energy, environment, cities that I
cannot help but be optimistic. II
foresee a tremendous opportunity for
a healthy Institute to play a
leadership role in society by solving
those problems that are of the
utmost priority. If we can do that,
our economic problems will be solved
as well. Society has a way of
rewarding those it needs and respects.
And, those 30,000 students might
even find a job. a


%il .



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