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AIAFL



Florida architect
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00211
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Creation Date: January 1974
Frequency: quarterly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
System ID: UF00073793:00211
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Tour of the Orange Lake District and Cracker Florida
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
    Advertisers
        Page 18
    Back Cover
        Page 19
        Page 20
Full Text

W A A Flo


This- publication- is. copyrighted. by- the- Florida.
Association. of. the. American. Institute. of-
Architects- and- is- an- official- journal- of- the-
Association.

Limited permission to. digitize- and make this- electronic-
version available- has- been- granted- by the. Association-
to- the- University- of- Florida- on- behalf- of- the- State-
University- System* of F lorida.

Use- of- this- version- is- restricted- by. United- States-
Copyright- legislation- and- its- fair use- provisions.- Other-
uses- may- be- a vi olati on -of- copyri ght. protect ons.

Requests- for- permissions- should- be- directed to- the-
Florida- Association- of. the. American- Institute. of-
Architects.- Contact- information- is- available- at- the-
Association' sweb site.

































































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The Florida Architect
) ,jlume 24 Number 1 January/February 1974












COVER: Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings home in Cross Creek.
Photo by Wade Swicord.



5
Tour of the Orange Lake District
and Cracker Florida.
Richard C. Crisson


THE FLORIDA ASSOCIATION
OF THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE
OF ARCHITECTS

FAAIA OFFICERS FOR 1974

Frank R. Mudano, AIA, President
1189 N. E. Cleveland Street
Clearwater, Florida 33515
(813) 446-1041

James E. Ferguson, Jr., AIA, Vice President
President Designate
2901 Ponce de Leon Boulevard
Coral Gables, Florida 33134
(305) 443-7758

Nils M. Schweizer, FAIA, Secretary
P.O. Box 1120
Winter Park, Florida 32789
(305) 647-0545

Arthur A. Frimet, AIA, Treasurer
208 South 28th Avenue
Hollywood, Florida 33020
(305) 981-0545

1974 BOARD OF DIRECTORS
Thor Amlie
James Anstis
John M. Barley, II
Howard Bochiardy
William Brainard
Ellis Bullock
Bill G. Eppes
Robert G. Graf
Mays Leroy Gray
Robert B. Greenbaum
James A. Greene
F. Jack Harden
Thurston Hatcher
Al G. Kemmerer
Robert H. Levison, FAIA
Steven C. Little
Bryon G. Mclntyre
Robert A. Morris, Jr.
Roger Pierce
Henry A. Riccio
Roy L. Ricks
William L. Rivers
George L. Rumpel
Craig H. Salley
Nils M. Schweizer, FAIA
Donald I. Singer
Frank F. Smith
Francis R. Walton, FAIA


18
Advertisers


DIRECTOR FLORIDA REGION
American Institute of Architects
H. Leslie Walker
1000 N. Ashley Street, Suite 806
Tampa, Florida 33602
(813) 229-0381
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects
Fotis N. Karousatos
7100 N. Kendall Drive
Miami, Florida 33156
(305) 661-8947
GENERAL COUNSEL
(Branch Office)
Mike Huey
P.O. Box 1169
Tallahassee, Florida 32302
(904) 22-5510
PUBLICATIONS COMMITTEE
Frank Sheehy, Chairman
Lyle Fugelberg
Isaac Keith Reeves
THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT
Fotis N. Karousatos/Editor
John W. Totty/Assistant Editor
Kurt Waldman/Photography

THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT, Official Journal of the Florida Associa-
tion of the American Institute of Architects, Inc., is owned and pub-
lished by the Association, a Florida Corporation not for profit. It is
published bi-monthly at the Executive Office of the Association; 7100
N. Kendall Drive, Miami, Florida 33156. Telephone: 661-8947 ( area
code 305 ). Opinions expressed by contributors are not necessarily those
of the Editor or the Florida Association of the Al. Editorial material
may be reprinted provided full credit is given to the author and to
THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT and copy is sent to publisher's office.
Controlled circulation postage paid at Miami, Florida.
Single Copies, 75 cents, subscription, $6.50 per year.


FA/3






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NAME
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Tour of
and


the Orange Lake
Cracker
Florida By Richrd C. Crion


District


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The scope of this survey includes the southern
portion of Alachua County and the northern
portion of Marion County; an area that may
be called 'Orange Lake District' or 'Cracker
Florida'. This area to the south and east
of Gainesville portrays the frontier character
of how Florida once looked. At the time
of the Spanish arrival in St. Augustine
in 1565, when they encountered the peace-
ful Timucuan Indians of Northern Florida,
Spain started colonizing the area with a
series of missions to the west and north
of St. Augustine. These missions were
destroyed in the early 1700's by the South
Carolina British and Creek Indians.

When the Seminole started arriving around
1800, they brought terror to the early
settlers; but after the Seminole War of
1842, the Seminoles were finally moved to
reservations. By 1850, with no more Indian
threats, pioneer settlements start appear-
ing in this part of Florida.

The railroad was a prime force in this
growth, especially upon the completion of
the Fernandina-Gainesville-Cedar Key rail-
road in 1860. Thus the Atlantic Gulf and
West Indies Transatlantic Railroad promoted
the growth of the citrus industry with
easy access to northern markets. The other
important railroad was the narrow gauge
Florida Southern Railroad (FSR), completed
in 1882 from Palatka-Gainesville-Ocala. It
changed names successively from the Plant
System, to the Atlantic Coastline Railroad
in 1902, to the present Seaboard Coastline
Railroad.

The history of the citrus industry in
northern Florida actually began when it
was introduced by the Spanish in 1579.
By 1773, the naturalist, William Bartram,
made note of the oranges as he travelled
through Paynes Prairie. The good soil
and plentiful water made it a desirable
area in which to settle. One problem which
the early settlers did not anticipate was
frost damage. This became evident with
the Great Freeze of 1894-95 and a sub-
sequent freeze in 1899 which completely
wiped out the citrus industry.


Orange Lake was an exception since the
Lake had a moderating effect on cold tem-
perature. One advantage is that oranges
grown this far north are associated
with superior quality, which offsets the
higher prices caused by having to fire
(local name for lighting smudge pots to
produce smoke and raise the temperature),
or to replant the groves.

Water transportation was also used, as
evidenced in the 1880's when steamboats
navigated the St. John's River, its tribu-
taries, and navigable lakes, to carry
citrus, lumber and even tourists. Numerous
books were written to advertise the natural
attractions of this area.

Land not used for citrus was taken by pioneer
farmers who relied upon the forests and
prairies for subsistence agriculture. Later,
cotton and corn become important, as well
as tobacco farther north.

According to Dr. Clark Gross, "Cracker
Florida is one of the areas of the state
where the past is young and the pioneering
spirits seems strong. Its people, shaped
by their near self-sufficient life have a
distinctive character... which sets them
apart. There are a number of areas in
Florida which are equally entitled to be
classified as 'Cracker Florida'. The one
selected for this tour is particularly
interesting because one of America's best
writers, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, described
life in this area when it was less affected
by change."

GAINESVILLE
Depart from corner of University Avenue
and 13th Street, (US 441); proceed south
on US 441.

Bivens Arm to the west; a small lake which
is part of Paynes Prairie. New developments
are rapidly encroaching upon the once peace-
ful shore.


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PAYNES PRAIRIE
Paynes Prairie is a large flat marshy
plain covered by grass and small stands of
scrubby trees. It is 8 mi. long by 1hz to 4
mi. wide, and the highly soluble underlying
rock is Ocala limestone, which acts as a
funnel for the runoff water. The dis-
solution of the limestone has caused the
Prairie to become lower that the surrounding
area.

Historically, Paynes Prairie was a broad
body of water known as Alachua Lake from
1871-1892. The Prairie has periodically filled
or emptied depending upon the underground
passages and sinkholes. A low-draft steam-
boat, 'The Cicola', plied the 3 to 5 ft.
waters of the Lake from 1883-1892. The
steamboat was used to ship mostly citrus
from Rochelle and Micanopy to Rocky Point
and Sweetwater Branch, in southeast
Gainesville.

At present, the Prairie is in the process
of being purchased by the State of Florida
as a wildlife refuge to serve as habitat
for the common Cattle Egret, Herons, Florida
Galinules, and the not so common, Sandhill
Cranes.

To the west is a natural history information
signboard.

Bolen Bluff, a steep bank at the southern
edge of the Prairie. The road was cut
through the location of an Indian site,
which was excavated by the Florida State
Museum. In 1958 the results were published
in a pamphlet, "Bolen Bluff on Paynes
Prairie", by Ripley Bullen.

Camp Wauberg to the east; a private recrea-
tion park owned by the University of
Florida student body.


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City Hall, built in 1895 as a school house and remodelled several times. ]
Large simple brick structure with hipped roof, it has several modern
additions to the east. Building appears structurally sound, although it is
poorly maintained.


Thrasher Warehouse, owned by Thrasher family of Micanopy. Wood
frame building with horizontal siding and pattern shingle design; roof
shows wood shingles under a more recent metal roof. No established
date, but probably from before 1900.


Thrasher Building, a brick masonry building used as a general
merchandise store, and owned by Mr. J. E. Thrasher. Building dates
from c. 1892.


Martin E. Uhl residence; built in the 1920's and originally owned by Z.
C. Herlong. Wood and brick house with 4 columns in front and a
second story porch. This a grandiose house of very massive proportions.


Micanopy


Enter Micanopy to the west of US 441. It
is probably the oldest settlement in Alachua
County since it was an Indian settlement
long ago. When William Bartram visited
the area in 1773, Indians had a village
called Cuscowilla. It was the capital
of the Timucuan Indians, and later, the
village of the Seminoles under Secoffee,
King Payne, Bolect, John Hicks, and Micanope.

In 1817 during the second Spanish period,
the King of Spain gave a large tract of land
to Don Fernando de la Maza Arredondo and
his son, merchants of Havana, Cuba. Micanopy
was the center of this grant.


In 1820, Moses Levy bought 20,000 acres of
this land just south of Micanopy, forming a
partnership with Frederick Warburg, of
Hamburg, Germany. In 1821 twenty-two person
arrived, including a man named Edward
Wanton. The settlement was called "Wanton"
until it was changed to Micanopy in 1834.

Prof. F.W. Buchholz says that by 1823 there
were possibly twenty-five houses and a
powered sawmill. In 1824, a mail route
was established from Picolata, on the
St. John's River, via Orange Springs
to Micanopy. The Micanopy Post Office was
established in 1831, and it is one of the


oldest authenticated post offices within
the present boundaries of Alachua County.

is Micanopy was destined to become the
wealthy center of the citrus producing
section of Alachua and Marion counties.
Dr. George Payne was one of the early
citrus growers, and by 1883, with 150
groves within a 3 mi. radius, oranges
were being shipped regularly across
SAlachua Lake to Gainesville.

SAt its peak around 1885, Micanopy was a
town of six hundred with aspirations of
becoming the county seat. However, in 188


FA/8







Feaster Building is now the Center of Modern Art. The building was
built c. 1903 and its original use included a general store and drugstore
on the ground floor; town council room and dentist office on the
second floor; and a third floor for visiting opera companies, etc. This is
a brick building but unfortunately the ground floor exterior has been
sheathed in vertical boarding of very recent origins. The Center of
Modern Art opens from Oct. through May, Thursdays through Sundays,
from 1:30 PM. to 5:30 PM. The center has frequently changing exhibits
and provides a worthwhile stop. I
Episcopal Church (originally Presbyterian), a simple wood frame
building built in 1858. It was bought by the Episcopal Church in
1970-71.


Baptist Church (no longer used as a church). A simple wood frame
building with a steeple; date unknown.







African Episcopal Methodist Church; to the left on S 25. This old wood
frame building belongs to a black denomination, but soon it will be
torn down when the new church building is completed. The old church
is in very deteriorated condition; the date is unknown.
Montgomery property wall (only remaining evidence of house and r
property). Old brick wall and arched entry led the way to the
Montgomery family residence. This is the only evidence of the third
residence built at this location. They all burned, and the last house built


the town received a spur line from Micanopy
Junction (several miles to the east), rather
than the main track. The reason for this
was that the city fathers rejected the
idea of having the main track of the FSR
pass through the center of town and disturb
their peace. It soon became apparent
that progress would soon bypass the town.

While at present the Franklin Crate Company
is the town's largest source of income,
many residents commute daily to work in
Gainesville.

Drive around the side streets as well as
the Main street, but finish at S 25, at the
eastern part of town.


Tuscawilla Lake, to the south on S 25
across from the African Episcopal Methodist
Church. It bears the name of Chief Micanope's
wife. The water level changes depending on the
season and whether the sinkhole is clogged
with debris.

Turn south on US 441 and continue to Mclntosh.
To the easteare small settlements which
developed because of the railroad (FSR),
which roughly parallels the present highway.
Once the railroad lost its importance these
settlements have barely survived.


FA/9





The town lies near the boundary of Alachua
and Marion counties, and was named after
Capt. Evins, of South Carolina, who had
large land holdings nearby. Although the
town and post office were established
in 1882, it was well known for its oranges
prior to 1882. Today about three churches
remain, in addition to a general store;
the railroad depot was discontinued in 1956.


Evinston


Mt Olive African Methodist Episcopal Church; a white painted wood
frame structure with sheet metal roofing. The building is in fairly good
condition; date of erection is unknown.






Mt. Olive African Methodist Episcopal Church; a marble slab at the
southwest corner of the building listing the officers of the Church in
October of 1956.
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0

Known as Keep's Point before the railroad
and was named after Capt. C.W. Keep. The FSR
had a station here, with additional
connection by steamer with the Transit
Railroad (paralleling US 301 to the east
of Orange Lake). It was settled by a group
from Louisiana in 1881, and by 1884 it had
30 to 40 families. Cattle, sheep and
citrus were its major products.


Mclntosh
Mclntosh; turn east for the old part of
town. This town was named for Col. John H.
Mclntosh, a pioneer planter whose property
was located on Wire Road, the mail stage
route from Gainesville to Ocala following
the old telegraph line. In 1882, the Florida
Southern Railroad followed this route from
Gainesville-Rochelle-Ocala.

In 1885, the plat was surveyed and laid
out by J.K. Christian and W.M. Gist, who
erected the first dwelling in town. The
town lies on the west bank of Orange Lake
and is made up of two acre blocks sub-
divided into building lots and intersected
by 60 and 80 ft. wide roads, these are
planted by rows of live oaks.

Before the 1895 freeze, Mclntosh had quite
large and profitable orange groves, includ-
ing some with the highly prized pineapple
orange. Around 1900 Mclntosh had around
four-hundred residents.
J


FA/10
















Christian Church, a wood frame church with a tall steeple and gothic
windows; probably built between 1880-1895.


Presbyterian Church, an elaborate wooden frame building with a corner
steeple and double gothic windows having a trefoils above. Probably
built between 1880-1895.


Residence across the street from the Presbyterian Church; wood frame
building with an elaborate Victorian twostoried porch at the front. No
dates.


Lois Dickson residence; wood frame with elaborate detail, including I'I!'I;I Y m --I'nF ..TI.
carved balusters and posts, and fancy barge board at the top of the '..!! !!;i, ,;I lll
gables. Reminiscent of the Victorian or "Eastlake Style'. Probably built __.
before 1890. H .... ..... ..-. -
Handsome residence having a rounded one-story porch and a simple !
barge board pattern. The date for this wood frame house is unknown.


FA/11






MCINTOSH


Large residence across the street from Post Office. It has an elaborate "
failing pattern and cut shingles at the front of the gable. The date is not
known, and its size indicates that the probable use might have been that
of a hotel.


Citrus packing plant beside the railroad so that citrus may be shipped
without any difficulty. In Mclntosh citrus is grown commercially and
often the lawn may be a grove instead. No date.


Railroad Depot, still appears to be in good structural condition despite
lack of maintenance. Wood frame building is raised on post to avoid
termites.
Interesting example of a double gable residence with a more recent
porch added to the front. No dates.


The town was settled in 1881 upon the
completion of the FSR tracks, by William
Hickson. Orange Lake contained two churches,
a school, a land office, and a post office
in 1883 when close to fifty families
settled in what had once been the
plantation of Gen. J.B. Gordon.

The lake of the same name (Orange Lake),
is very close to the road at this vicinity,
and the "Floating Islands" can be seen.
Heagy Barry recreational park is located
off US 441 before junction with US 318.

Dr. Cross says that Orange Lake is 26 sq.
mi., but only 10 to 12 ft. deep. Great mats
of floating vegetation, lossely attached
to the bottom become dislodged during
strong winds, or possibly by the formation
of marsh gas in the lake bottom. These


masses drift to new locations where they
again become rooted hence their name.
These unique islands have been featured in
Ripley's "Believe it or Not."

Don McKay has for many years owned land that
borders the southern edges of Orange Lake.
The few visitors that find his property
"Floating Islands," which lies '/ mi. from
the Orange Lake post office to the east
on US 441, soon become friends, since he
he takes them whenever they want his boat.
Stop here during the mating and nesting
season of April and May. Mr. McKay knows
everything there is to know on birds in
the rea, and he enjoys showing them to
visitors.

Turn east on US 318, until junction with
US 301, and the settlement of Citra.
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FA/12


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Citra was one of the earliest settlements
produced as a result of the passing of the
Transit Railroad (Seaboard Airline Rail-
road), through the area. The town was
laid out in 1881 by J.A. Harris and it
became famous for originating the pineapple
orange. At its peak in 1885, the town had
several stores, a hotel, and a population
of 250.

Turn north on US 301, Island Grove is at
junction with S 25.


Citra


Baptist Church, wood frame building with a corner steeple. It is quite m
elaborate as a whole and is complemented by neo-gothic windows and a
balustraded barge-board. Probably dates from around 1890.


The settlement was also situated on the Il d r
Transit Railroad, and it was a vegetable Ila d
and citrus shipping point when the post
office was established in 1884.

Citra and Island Grove were towns that never
recovered from the Great Freeze of 1894-95,
which wiped out all citrus production.

Turn west on S325 to Cross Creek.
This settlement is known for its native- Cro s
food restaurants and for being the home of f ss C
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings until her death
in 1955. To the immediate south of the
Rawlings home is a wayside park and rec-
reation area with a boat ramp, restrooms,
and picnic tables facing Orange Lake.

Continue northward on S325 and cross the
creek which connects Orange Lake and
Lochloosa Lake to the northeast.


Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings Museum; a typical late 19th century 'cracker'
farmhouse of central Florida. The materials include vertical wood siding
and wooden shingles. Mosquito-enclosed breezeways connect the newer
parts of the house. The house is characterized by simple shed and
lean-to roofs.
It was purchased in 1928 by Mrs. Rawlings and renovated in 1930. It
was here where she wrote 'The Yearling," which received a Pulitzer
Prize in 1939, and which depicted the life of the community. The
house was recorded for the Historic American Buildings Survey in 1965
by students and faculty from the Department of Architecture of the
University of Florida.
The house was willed to the University of Florida, but it is operated as
a museum by the Florida State Department of Natural Resources.
Hours of operation are Tuesday through Sunday, from 9 AM to 5 PM,
with a 25 cent admission. A stop here is a must since the house is kept
as it was by Mrs. Rawlings.


J..~-


FA/13


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0.
Phifer was originally called Socattee but
the name was changed to Phifer in 1920,
it became important when the Phifer family
located their sawmill and turpintine still
at this location.

Most of this area is still heavily wooded and
privately owned, although under a Wildlife
Management Area of the Florida Game and
Fresh Water Commission. Range cattle also
roam in this area.

Cypress logging was carried out nearby
until early 1930's. The large cypress swamps
were often logged from barge-mounted, cable-
rigged spars from which cables extended to
pull in the logs. In some of the swamps
canals were dug for a mile or more so as to
reach the virgin stands of timber.

Continue west on US 20, to junction with
S 234; Rochelle is immediately south of this
junction.


Rochelle
Although not much is left, Rochelle had
an important past which merits attention.
The first people to inhabit the area were
the Potano tribe of Indians who were
noticed by De Soto when he passed nearby
in 1539. In 1606 the Spanish explored the
area for future mission sites under Father
Prieto.

This particular site, called the Zetrouer
Site, was first occupied from 1685-1704
and appeared as a secondary mission to the
major mission of the area, San Francisco
de Potano, near Gainesville. A site, 1 mi.
south of Rochelle on S 234, was investigated
by Archaeologists in 1955 when the road cut
exposed Indian and Spanish artifacts. These
indicated the concurrent occupation of
both white and Indian settlers.

Much later, between 1830-40, when the Seminoles
were terrorizing white settlers, Fort Crane
was established. This site lies on the
east side of the road, 1.3 mi. south of Rochelle.
Both of these archaeological sites adjoin
each other. However, they are on posted
private land, and this is strictly enforced.

The surrounding area also includes Oak
Ridge Cemetery, also south of Rochelle on
S 234. This is a free cemetery which has been
used primarily by Rochelle and Micanopy
families. According to Jess Davis, histor-
ian of Alachua County, it is the second oldest
cemetery for white people in the County
(after Newnansville), and the burial place
for Governor Madison Starke Perry.
Perry, a native of South Carolina, was a
*resident of Rochelle and served as
governor from 1857-1861.

Both the Perry and Zetrouer families settled
this area around 1850, and Gov. Perry
owned 3,000 acres of land called Ft. Crane
Estate. According to Davis, it was then
called "Perry" and later "Gruelle".

The name was finally changed to Rochelle
in September of 1884 when it became a rail-
road center. It was the terminal of the
High Springs to Rochelle branch of the
Atlantic Coastline Railroad, and on the
Ocala Division of the FSR.

In 1884, the population was 150 to 175, with
two sawmills, two schools, two churches,
and 25 houses. Horace Zetrouer of Rochelle,
says that at its peak in the 1890's, there
were around 4,000 residents. Yet the town was
doomed by the Great Freeze, lack of avail-
able land fpr newcomers, and the closing
of the sawmill. It is hard to imagine that
this town without a visible town center could
have been a bustling community at one time.
r


FA/14










Rochelle School; called the Martha Perry Institute when built in the
1870's. Sally Perry, who gave the land in memory of her mother, was
Gov. Perry's daughter. This is a very fine building in extremely good
condition, and with the original school desks inside. The current owner
is H. Zetrouer, since it is no longer used as a school. Although the
building is closed to the public it may be viewed from the dirt road that
runs beside it.
Harry L. Jenkins residence; built by the Zetrouer family in c. 1890, and
sold in recent years to Mr. Jenkins. This is a house of elegant
proportions with good details, ie. brackets at the entry, porch, and bay
window, characteristic of Victorian architecture. The house has been
remodelled recently so it is in very good condition, and it still maintains
its original character.


Trinity Methodist Church; no longer used as a church, and privately
owned by H. Zetrouer. This building represents a country version of the
Gothic Revival with its neo-gothic windows. Built in 1890, it remains in
good condition, although part of the cornice was torn by a falling tree
recently.


II
IAll,

-~P1
--1,v .4


View of Oak Ridge Cemetery south of Rochelle, location of Governor
Madison Perry's grave.


After crossing US 20 and going north
on S 234 toward Windsor, stop at battle-
field marker on the left. It commemorates
the battle between Col. Daniel Newnan and
his volunteers who were dispatched to the
area of Paynes Prairie to fight King Payne's
combined force of blacks anid Seminoles.
They met just south of Windsor, and King
Payne was one of the first to die. How-
ever, Col. Newnan's force had to retreat
by lack of reinforcements.


FA/15








Windsor was settled around 1845 as a cotton
plantation on lands belonging to Col. Edward
Lewis and Elder King, a Methodist preacher.
In 1854, a visitor who wrote of his accounts,
Mr. Doig, notes that both families were
from South Carolina and that Preacher King
owned slaves who worked on his plantation.
Later newcomers came mostly from Georgia,
Maine, Illinois, Ohio and New York.

The town was laid out in lots of 1 to 20
acres with many cleared streets. When the
post office was established in 1884, it
had a population of 75, and by 1885 the
town was bustling with three stores, a


Windsor

gristmill, two sawmills, a fertilizer plant,
and a population of more than 300. The major
source of income was citrus, with a
scattering of peach orchards.


The March 7, 1887 Florida Dispatch men-
tioned a population of 400, three churches,
and four stores. By this time a daily
stagecoach connected Windsor and
Rochelle, bricks were being brought in
from Campville to the east, and Capt.
Kelly's ferry service was carrying people,
cattle, supplies, and oranges across Newnans
Lake.


Windsor had the peak of its prosperity
just prior to the Great Freeze, and
immediately after people packed their be-
longings and left town. Many of the fine
homes on "Society Row" were later torn
down or destroyed by fire, yet the few
remaining houses and stores manage to convey
the feeling of the past.

Today most of Windsor's residents commute
to work in Gainesville. There are other signs
to indicate progress such as the approval
of funds in 1971 to complete a new fifteen
acre county park on the east shore of
Newnans Lake.


King residence; built c. 1890 by a black man named King Davis. This
was Preacher King's home, and it remained in the King family through
the 1950's. The house is presently being renovated by the owner, Mr.
Harrell. This is a very fine elaborate house with many fine carpentry
details. The main part of the house is flanked by two attached gazebos,
thus extending the horizontal lines of the house. The palling pattern on
the porch railing is a good example. I & ,


Langford Residence; originally the home of Preacher Watson, a circuit
riding minister. Probably built around 1890, it is a simpler version of
the previous houses. The major decorative effect is created by the use
of patterned shingles. This wood frame house is in good condition.


George Byles General Store; presently unoccupied but owned by Mrs. 1 4--
Wilkinson. Probably built in the late 1880's, using lumber from the 1 -
Windsor Planing Mill for its wood frame construction. f M
Baptist Church; a wood frame building built prior to 1894, although
the church was established in 1855. It is no longer used by the Baptists
so it is rapidly deteriorating.


FA/16











General Store and Post Office; also wood frame construction and dating Ef
from the same time. This is one of the more rustic examples of
architecture in the area, and combined with the false front above the
second story, it gives the impression of "Frontier" architecture in the -
West. '"* --. _


Simms Residence; this rather elaborate house, is a small wood frame iI
residence of the 1890's. It was originally owned by the Ford family and
later by the Nichols. At the front is a very unusual architectural
element that protrudes from the main body of the house in a tower-like
fashion.


Black Church, on the outskirts of town; appears to be very old and is in
very bad condition. However, it is still in use and it represents a native
architectural expression.
Providence Church, also on the Campville Road on the outskirts of '.
town. It was built prior to 1894, is still in use, but it does not represent
an outstanding work of architecture. The cemetery beside it has served
as burial ground for all the old families in the area. ie. Kelly, King, f '
Zetrouer, and Tillman.


After turning around on the Campville
Road to retrace route on S 234, turn west
on US 20.

Prairie Creek, the outlet for Newnans
Lake which flows into Paynes Prairie. When
the Prairie was Alachua Lake the creek
served as a link for steamers from
Windsor to Rochelle, with connections from
Rochelle to Sweetwater Branch or Rocky
Point, in Gainesville.

Wayside Park to the right with a food view
of Newnans Lake, and facilities for boat
launching and picknicking.


Newnans Lake
Turn north to follow the southwestern shore
of Newnans Lake. This western portion of
the Lake was expected to become a popular
resort and residential district prior to 1890.
The developers proposed having horsedrawn cars
running from downtown Ganesville to a pro-
posed hotel beside the Lake to be called
the "HygenicI-otel and Sanatorium of New
Gainesville". I-Lwever, the project was
stopped permanently after Gainesville's
Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1888. Today upper
income homes parallel the road facing the
Lake. %


FA/17





BIBLIOGRAPHY
General:
Dr. Clark Cross: Self Guided Geography Field Trip Nos. 2 and 3:
Department of Geography, University of Florida.
Introduction:
1. Guide to and Through Florida, the Land of the Florida,
1876-1877. Johathan H. White (publisher): New York, 1876.
Payne's Prairie:
1. Davis, Jess G. History of Alachua County, 1824-1969. Alachua
County Historical Commission, Gainesville, Fla. 1969.
2. Ott, E.R. and L.H. Chazal. Ocali Country. Marion Publishers:
Oklawaha, Fla. 1966.
3. Stubbs, Tom. "Payne's Prairie." Gainesville Sun. September 9,
1972.
Micanopy:
1. DavisHistory of Alachua County.
2. Department of Agriculture. Florida, A pamphlet Descriptive of
its History, Topography, Climate, and soil. State Printing:
Tallahassee, Fla. 1904.
4. Interview with Mrs. Smith, Micanopy; February 1972.
5. Interview with Mrs. Betty Preston, Micanopy; February 1972.
Evinston:
1. Davis. History of Alachua County.
2. Webb, Wanton S.
2. Webb, Wanton S. Webb's Historical, Industrial, and Biographical
Florida. New York; Webb and Co., 1885.
Boardman:
1. Webb. Webb's Historical, Industrial, and...
Mcl ntosh:
1. Ott, E.R. Ocali Country.
2. Department of Agriculture. Florida, A Phamplet...
Orange Lake:
1. Federal Writer's Project. Florida: A Guide to the Southernmost
State. New York: Oxford University Press. 1939.
2. Touring Florida: The Sunshine State. Ashville, N.C.: Southland
Tourist Publishing Co. 1939.
3. Webb..Webb's Historical, Industrial, and...
Citra:
1. Ott. Ocali Country.
2. Webb. Webb's Historical, Industrial, and...
Island Grove:
1. Davis. History of Alachua County.
2. Department of Agriculture. Florida, A Phamphlet...
Cross Creek:
1. Historic American Buildings Survey, Fla. -165.
Phifer:
1. Davis. History ofAlachua County.
Rochelle:
1. Davis. History of Alachua County.
2. Department of Agriculture. Florida, A Pamphlet...
3. Seaberg, L.M. The Zetrouer Site: Indian and Spaniard in Central
Florida. Master's Thesis, University of Florida, June 1965.
4. Webb. Webb's Historical, Industrial, and...
5. Interview with Horace Zetrouer, Rochelle; Jan. 1972.
Windsor:
1. Cobb, W. "Windsor Earthly Paradise Virtually Ghost Town.
Florida Times Union, June 1956.
2. Davis. History of Alachua County.
3. Department of Agriculture. Florida, A pamphlet...
4. Doig, James. "Reminiscent Sketches of Gainesville's Early
Days." Gainesville Sun, July 15, 1917.
5. Federal Writer's Project. Florida: A Guide...
6. Roberts, Bruce: "Florida's Quick Grozen Ghost Town
Tampa Tribune. March 1964.
7. Webb. Webb's Historical, Industrial, and...
8. Interview with Mrs. Finklea, Windsor; Jan., 1972.
Newnans Lake:
1; Davis. History ofAlachua County.


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FA/18












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