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Title: Florida architect
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00206
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: March-April 1973
Frequency: quarterly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073793
Volume ID: VID00206
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
    Main
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
    Back Cover
        Page 27
        Page 28
Full Text


Oks






































































001,
OF


- I






THE FLORIDA ASSOCIATION
OF THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE
OF ARCHITECTS
FAAIA OFFICERS FOR 1973
Thomas H. Daniels, AIA, President
425 Oak Avenue
Panama City, Florida 32401
(904) 763-0381
Frank R. Mudano, AIA, Vice President/
President Designate
11189 N. E. Cleveland Street
Clearwater, Florida 33515
(813) 446-1041
Rudolph M. Arsenicos, AIA, Secretary
321 Northlake Blvd.
North Palm Beach, Florida 33403
(305) 848-9661
James E. Ferguson, Jr., AIA, Treasurer
2901 Ponce de Leon Boulevard
Coral Gables, Florida 33134
(305) 443-7758

1973 BOARD OF DIRECTORS
Thor Amlie
James Anstis
George H. Bail
John M. Barley II
Ellis W. Bullock
Rudolph J. Fletcher
Arthur A. Frimet
Stanley Gaisgow
Robert G. Graf
Robert B. Greenbaum
James A. Greene
Jack F. Harden
Charles F. Harrington
A. Reese Harvey
Thurston Hatcher
James B. Holliday
Stephen C. Little
Byron G. McIntyre
Roger A. Pierce
Ray Poynter
Hal T. Reid
Roy L. Ricks
William K. Rinaman
Claude Shivers
Frank F. Smith
Kenardon M. Spina
Francis R. Walton, FAIA
Robert L. Woodward
DIRECTOR FLORIDA REGION
American Institute of Architects
H. Leslie Walker
Citizens Building, Suite 1218
706 Franklin Street
Tampa, Florida 33602
(813) 223-2686
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects
Fotis N. Karousatos
7100 N. Kendall Drive
Miami, Florida 33156
(305) 661-8947
GENERAL COUNSEL
Smith, Moore & Huey
P.O. Box 1169
Tallahassee, Florida 32302
(904) 222-5510
PUBLICATIONS COMMITTEE
Ted P. Pappas
Charles E. Pattillo III
Richard J. Veenstra
THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT
Fotis N. Karousatos/Editor
John W. Totty/Assistant Editor
Kurt Waldmann/Photography
ADVERTISING SALES OFFICE
William D. Kemp, Jr.
1916 Gulf Life Tower
Jacksonville, Florida 32207
(904) 396-5763


COVER: Individually designed murals which combine tradi-
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ideally suited for lobbies and executive offices, and are created
from hammered and enamelled metals, primarily different
gauges of copper, which are backed with liquid metal to
give maximum strength and durability. This method repro-
duces the quality, but not the weight of casting. The surfaces
are enriched and made colorful with various patinas. The
completed mural is protected with a permanent clear coating
which prevents oxidization. Laszlo Buday designer-craftsman,
33 Avenue Rd., Toronto 5, Ontario, Tel: (416) 924-7056


2/73 Volume 23 Number 2

CONTENTS:
5 NATIONAL INTERFAITH CONFERENCE ON
RELIGION AND ARCHITECTURE
7 ATTORNEY HARRY T. GRAY HONORED
8 INTERVIEW: DR. WILLIAM B. FEILD
9 USE OF THE SIMULTANEOUS CONSTRUCTION PROCESS
LOUIS DE MOLL, FAIA
11 PROJECTS
13 MURALS BY LASZLO BUDAY
19 BETTER BUILDINGS IN TORNADO AND HURRICANE ZONES
MICHELE G. MELARAGNO
22 MIAMI LAKES FIRST STATE BANK
26 LETTER: ROBERT E. HANSEN, AIA
26 ADVERTISERS























The

Florida

Architect

March

April

THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT, Official Journal of the Florida Associa-
tion of the American Institute of Architects, Inc., is owned and pub-
lished by the Association, a Florida Corporation not for profit. It is
published bi-monthly at the Executive Office of the Association, 7100
N. Kendall Drive, Miami, Florida 33156. Telephone: 661-8947
(area code 305). Opinions expressed by contributors are not neces-
sarily those of the Editor or the Florida Association of the AIA.
Editorial material may be reprinted provided full credit is given to the
author and to THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT and copy is sent to pub-
lisher's office. Controlled circulation postage paid at Miami, Florida.
Single Copies, 75 cents, subscription, $6.50 per year.


FA/3







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For the first time, the architectural
exhibit at a national conference on
religion and architecture will include pro-
jects sponsored by the religious com-
munity as well as those designed for
religious purposes. In addition to new
designs of churches, temples and syna-
gogues, the architectural exhibit at the
National Interfaith Conference on
Religion and Architecture, scheduled for
June 4-6, 1973, Minneapolis, Minn. will
display educational facilities, retirement
centers, housing for the elderly, etc.
developed and financed by a religious
organization. Included in the exhibit will
be both new and remodeled facilities.

The theme of the National Interfaith
Conference is "Community, Celebration
and Our World." Convened by the Inter-
faith Research Center whose member
organizations include the Guild for
Religious Architecture, affiliate of The
American Institute of Architects, the
Liturgical Conference, the National
Council of Churches of Christ, USA and
the Union of American Hebrew Congre-
gation the Minneapolis meeting will
focus on the religious experience in
today's world. It will include trips to St.
John's Abbey at Collegeville, Minn., the
new town of Jonathan as well as the new
town-in-town of Cedar-Riverside. The
formal presentation will be by eminent
leaders in the fields of religion and
architecture, with ample time provided
for discussion.

All registered architects are invited to
participate in the architectural exhibit,
which will be judged and Honor Award
Certificates given for the most meritori-
ous work. The jury for the architectural
exhibit is traditionally made up of archi-
tects and clergymen whose knowledge
and experience in the field have been
established. Chairman for this year's
architectural exhibit is Lloyd F.
Bergquist, AIA, GRA, of the firm of
Bergstedt, Wahlberg, Bergquist Associ-
ates, St. Paul, Minn. The general chairman
for the Minneapolis Conference is Nils M.
Schweizer, FAIA, GRA, Chairman of the
Board, Environmental Design Group Inc.,
Winter Park, Fla. John W. Anderson,
AIA, GRA, Dimensional Dynamics,
Valley Forge, Pa. is Program Chairman,
and Frederick J. Bentz, FAIA, GRA,
Bentz/Thompson Associates, Min-
neapolis, Minn. is local conference
coordinator.

Architectural exhibit brochures, detailing
rules of submission, dates of entry, etc.
are available upon request.

Write: 1973 Minneapolis Conference
Guild for Religious Architecture
1777 Church St., N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20036


THE NATIONAL INTERFAITH
CONFERENCE ON
RELIGION AND ARCHITECTURE












ION
-S^


Nils M. Schweizer, FAIA
CONFERENCE CHAIRMAN


Community, Celebration and Our World
is the theme of the National Interfaith
Conference on Religion and Architecture
to be held in Minneapolis, Minn., June
4-6, 1973. The Conference is being
convened by the Interfaith Research
Center, whose sponsoring organizations
include the Guild for Religious Architec-
ture, affiliate of The American Institute
of Architects, the Liturgical Conference,
the National Council of Churches of
Christ, USA and the Union of American
Hebrew Congregations. For more than
thirty years, annual conferences on
religious architecture have been held
under various auspices. This year's con-
ference represents a joint effort by the
organizations involved in the Interfaith
Research Center to provide an interfaith,
interdenominational and interdisciplinary
program of significance to the profes-
sional and religious communities.

The basic theme of the 1973 Mineapolis
Conference deals with the religious
experience in today's world. Topics for
discussion include: "The Urban Religious
Community" "The Celebration of Life
in the World" "The Cultic Experience
in the World" "Worship in the New
Communities." These will be developed
by eminent leaders in the fields of
religion and architecture, with ample
opportunity for dialogue and discussion.

The program will include a visit to St.
John's Abbey at Collegeville, Minn.
(designed by Marcel Breuer) for a Con-
ference session; a tour of the new town of
Jonathan; a session at the new town-in
town of Cedars-Riverside, as well as a
reception at the Crystal Court of the new
IDS building in Minneapolis designed by
Philip Johnson. In addition, there will be
architectural, religious arts, products and
crafts exhibits to offer Conference
participants an over-view of current
trends in design and equipment.

For further information on Conference
registration and room reservation at the
Hotel Radisson South, write:
1973 Minneapolis Conference
Guild for Religious Architecture
1777 Church St., N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20036


FA/5











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SS-C is competitively priced with other
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Substantial savings are realized when
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m Less strain putting them up.
Panels sized up to 4 by 12 feet are
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doors, and other components are all
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More stress with strength.
The strength and stiffness of the S-C
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Stress on good looks.
All exterior surfaces are prefinished with
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j Aggregates available in various sizes and
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S:: If you're looking to put more stress on good
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Please send me more facts about "Stress Without Strain."
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Tel. 851-6770

































ROBERT G. GRAF, A.I.A., Architect
mnounces the opening of his office for
:he Practice of Architecture at 325 John
32303.



Misc.


AIA
DOCUMENTS
AVAILABLE
FROM
FAAIA
7100 N. KENDALL DRIVE
MIAMI, FLORIDA 33156


Harry T. Gray

Honored


Attorney Harry T. Gray of the Jackson-
ville Law Firm of Marks, Gray, Conroy
and Gibbs was honored last week by the
Florida State Board of Architecture at its
annual meeting in the Gulf Life Tower in
Jacksonville.

Mr. Gray was recognized for fifty years of
service as legal counsel for the Board.

At a banquet in the University Club
attended by thirty-two architects who
had served on the Board of Architecture
from 1915 to the present, Mr. Gray was
given an engraved sterling silver pitcher
by Board President Harry Burns. Special
guests included the dean of Florida Archi-
tects, Mr. Mellen C. Greeley of Jackson-
ville who served as secretary for the State
Board at the time of its ratification by
the State Legislature in 1915; Mr. Louis
H. Ritter of Tallahassee, Secretary of the
Department of Professional and Occu-
pational Regulation; and Mr. Thomas
Daniels of Panama City, President of the
Florida Association of Architects. Archi-
tectural guests and their wives were in
attendance from seventeen different
cities.

All in attendance made comments of
appreciation to Mr. Gray for his service to
the architectural profession in the State
of Florida.


Architect Harry Burns, left, President of the
State Board of Architecture, presents engraved
silver pitcher to Attorney Harry Gray, right.
Attorney James Rinaman, center, Master of
Ceremonies at the banquet, looks on.


PAST BOARD MEMBERS (1915 1973)

Franklin Adams, Tampa*
Herbert Anson, Ft. Lauderdale
William Arnett, Gainesville
Pearce Barrett, Tallahassee
Franklin Bunch, Jacksonville
Bernard Close, Jacksonville*
Herbert Coons, Tallahassee
Vance Duncan, Ocala
Don Edge, Palm Beach
Ralph Fetner, Jacksonville
Clint Gamble, Ft. Lauderdale
Mellen Greeley, Jacksonville
Harry Griffin, Daytona Beach
Dan Hart, Pensacola
Prentiss Huddleston, Tallahassee
Morton Ironmonger, Ft. Lauderdale
James Look, Pensacola
Ralph Lovelock, Winter Park
Russell Pancoast, Miami*
Archie Parrish, St. Petersburg
Edwin Reeder, Miami*
James Rogers, Winter Park
Richard Rogers, Orlando
John Skinner, Miami*
Wahl Snyder, Miami
James Striplin, Tallahassee
Francis Walton, Daytona Beach
Rudolph Weaver, Gainsville*
William Webber, Tampa
Robert Weed, Miami*
Albert Woodard, Tallahassee*
*Deceased
PRESENT BOARD MEMBERS (1973)
Harry Burns, Tallahassee
James Garland, Miami
James Jennewein, Tampa
Stewart Morrison, Pensacola
Carroll Peacock, Palm Beach


FA/7




























Four years ago Dr. William Feild gave a
series of lectures for various chapters of
the FAAIA outlining the Genesis and
general evolution of open-space elemen-
tary schools in Florida. Since that time
Bill has become a full-time private con-
sultant in the field and has been working
with Architects in Florida, across the
United States, and in the Bahamas and
Mexico. We found it interesting that an
educational planner could exist economi-
cally outside the educational community
and we pursued the subject with him.

The Florida Architect: Bill, what kinds of
services have you gotten into since we last saw
you? That is, who are your clients now?

Feild: Many school systems hire me for
specialized services in a number of dif-
ferent areas and I do a considerable
amount of work for the education orien-
ted foundations like Kettering, Ford,
Mott and the like. Then frequently I will
work with architects who have or are
seeking school facilities jobs.

The Florida Architect: Bill, why would an
architect contact you for services?

Feild: Well, you see, the day of standard
programs for large institutions such as
schools, hospitals, special industries, etc.,
has given in to the tailor-made require-
ments made necessary by the rapid
change being experienced by these
institutions. As a direct result of this
architects frequently find themselves in
the awkward position of having such
clients request modern space concepts in
design to satisfy program concepts about
which the clients themselves have little or
no knowledge. Many times the architect
not only needs good programming but
needs someone to educate the client as
the design process proceeds. With me on
his team he can avoid the tedious draw-


INTERVIEW

Dr William B. Feild
redraw process which frequently results
from poor programming in school work.



The Florida Architect: Why would a school
client make such request of the architect in the,
first place? Where do they get the ideas?

Feild: From the professional journals
and from convention speeches and the
like. Actually, they are bombarded con-
stantly with terms like individualized
instruction, team teaching, continuous
progress, open space, and very few of
them understand what these terms
involve operationally. Their assumption is
that, if "X" schools has space like the
famous "Y" school, then "X" school will
be able to run the same kind of program.

The Florida Architect: And become famous,
too?

Feild: Something like that. No, they are
generally more sincere than that. The
problem is that most school administra-
tors have not been through the process of
developing a program, designing sup-
porting space, and then solving all the
human and technical problems inherent
in making new programs work. Many new
schools fail for this reason. For a long
time it was only in the elementary
schools where innovation was taking
place in architecturally significant terms,
but now such innovation can be found in
the new open-space high schools and
interdisciplinary community colleges and
universities. Also, the private schools are
making a serious effort to upgrade and
keep up with the technology.

The Florida Architect: Do school systems
become reactionary when they see sister
schools designing modern buildings and up-
grading programs?


Feild: Yes, unfortunately they do, and
many of them build space they cannot
use, simply because they do not want to
appear backward or out of date.

The Florida Architect: Why would an architect
turn to you rather than to someone in the
system for help?

Feild: Well, partly for the reason just
defined, and partly because with my
experience with dozens of new schools in
the United States and abroad, I can offer
the client program alternatives which
match his real commitment and his real
ability to support the program ...

The Florida Architect: Pardon me for inter-
rupting, but how do you discover what the
school system's real commitment is and his
ability to perform?

Feild: One of my specialties is the ability
to analyze the operational requirements
and outcomes of complex educational
programs. I get in writing what the client
really wants, what he is willing to change
beside the building or space, and whether
he has the manpower, budget or equip-
ment to support what he wants ulti-
mately. We can go so far as to conduct
comprehensive or specific educational
surveys, assist in or perform site selection,
develop educational specifications, retrain
administrators and staffs to operate new
programs and help them develop new
materials and curriculum.


The Florida Architect: How among all these
systems elements does the architect use your
services?

Feild: In all these ways I've just
mentioned. But primarily he wants me to
develop a good set of educational speci-
fications and to assist with the interface


FA/8




























between them and his emerging design.
And he wants to know that his design
supports (and that the client understands
and can support) the other systems
elements such as scheduling, organization,
administration, support services, and
equipment and materials which are vital
to the success of the program and the
building. I can do this in such a way as to
avoid the constant re-doing of plans and
the interminable conferences which the
process requires without good, profes-
sional interface.

Secondly, he can take me into his inter-
views with the prospective client as an
assist to him in getting the job. That is, he
can sell my expertise to the system and
boost the credibility of his firm at the
same time. You see, some large firms
actually have in-house, or on-retainer,
educational consultants for this very
purpose.

The Florida Architect: You say you do very
little advertising except through us. How do
architects become aware of your services
generally?

Feild: Sometimes through Harold Gores
at EFL in New York, or through John
Bahner at /I/D/E/A/ in Dayton, Ohio, or
through client recommendation . word
of mouth kind of thing. Also, I run many
staff development programs around the
country as the co-director of the national
UNIPAC exchange. Sometimes it is a
natural, when I assist a district in devel-
oping a new program and help them get it
into operation, that they recommend me
when they get around to building space
for it. I do a lot of repeat business.

The Florida Architect: Bill, this has been a
most interesting conversation, and I am sure
that many of our readers will find this interview
interesting. Thanks for your time.


A statement by Louis de Moll, FAIA Vice
President, The American Institute of
Architects to the Subcommittee on
Public Buildings and Grounds Committee
of Public Works, United States Senate,
Washington, D.C.




USE
OF THE
SIMULTANEOUS
CONSTRUCTION
PROCESS












Mr. Chairman and members of the Com-
mittee. I am Louis de Moll, FAIA, Vice
President of The American Institute of
Architects and partner in charge of design
for the Ballinger Company of Philadel-
phia, Pennsylvania.

Today The American Institute of Archi-
tects, a national professional society
representing 24,000 licensed architects,
wishes to express its views on the
approach and management methods being
employed to design, develop, and con-
struct three proposed Social Security
Administration Payment Centers located
in San Francisco, Philadelphia, and
Chicago.

Traditionally, buildings for the Federal
Government have been created using a
linear sequence of decision-making,
design, and delivery. In today's rapidly
escalating economy, this frequently long
linear approach increases the time be-
tween authorization and occupancy of
the needed facility. A constant increase in
the cost of construction due to inflation,
along with demands on the Federal dollar
and a demonstrated need for the space,
has placed Federal construction agencies
under considerable pressure to produce
high quality buildings within a limited
budget and an accelerated time frame.

Therefore, The American Institute of
Architects strongly supports the General
Services Administration and the Depart-
ment of Health, Education and Welfare in
their efforts to utilize the simultaneous
process of facility development.
CONTINUED


FA/9






SIMULTANEOUS
CONSTRUCTION
PROCESS
Continued



In the simultaneous building approach,
the architect-engineer and the con-
struction manager, acting as agents of the
owner, join the owner to form a team.
The A-E and the construction manager
bring their expertise to bear on the
owner's problems at stages where it is
most relevant, and the owner himself
maintains control and plays an important
part in all the decision making. This is not
the case with other innovative types of
building contracts, such as turnkey, one-
step or two-step building procurement. In
these instances, the owner has often been
required to relinquish major control of
decisions affecting quality. He knows
precisely what he is going to pay, but he
does not know with any precision what
he will receive for his money. We consider
such loss of control to be undesirable for
both the owner and the taxpayers.

We would like to discuss three aspects of
the simultaneous approach to con-
struction: construction management,
systems building, and life cycle costing.

The construction management technique
is a management tool/which provides
construction expertise from the earliest
decision-making stages. Construction
methods and cost control decisions are
reached concurrently with the develop-
ment of the design concept. A con-
struction management firm may be
responsible for assisting in cost estimating
and budget controls; review of design
during its development; critical path
method scheduling, including phased
construction scheduling and pre-purchase
of critical equipment and materials;
advice on developing a schedule for
decision, design, and delivery; advice on
methods of obtaining system and sub-
system manufacturers and prime con-
tractors; recommendations for the award
of multiple construction contracts on the
basis of competitive bidding; and the
coordination and direction of all con-
struction activities for the owner.

The second aspect of the simultaneous
approach to construction is the utiliza-
tion of systems building. A building
system is the combination of prefabri-
cated assemblies, components and parts
into a single, integrated unit using
industrialized production, assembly and
methods. This is not a new concept, but
has not been extensively used in this
country. One of its most important pre-


requisites is an aggregation of markets,
which has frequently been overlooked in
the formulation of programs planned to
demonstrate the usefulness of building
systems.

The use of systems building requires a
large enough project, in dollar size, to
attract serious interest on the part of U.S.
manufacturers and suppliers. Because of
the interface problems among com-
ponents of different manufacturers and
the requirements of performance speci-
fications, an inducement in the form of a
substantial contract is necessary to en-
courage competition among offerors to
meet the systems requirements of the
project.

The architect-engineer works with and
defines for the owner the performance
levels required for the different building
systems of the proposed facility, and also
meets with the manufacturers and con-
tractors who will be responsible for the
design, construction, and installation of
the system components. The role of the
A-E as part of the team does not stop
with the writing of the performance
specification. He continues to assist the
owner in further defining with the
interested system proposers the objectives
of the system; assists in evaluating the
proposals submitted; and aids the owner
in awarding the systems contract.

The SSA Payment Centers have broken
the systems contract down into seven
distinct systems. These are identified as:
structure, HVC, electrical distribution,
lighting, finished floors and ceilings, and
partitions. Each of these systems will be
contained in all three buildings. Each
building is being designed by a separate
A-E firm under the leadership of an
executive A-E.

Designers of the buildings have been
permitted considerable freedom within
the limits established by GSA and the
executive A-E team. Under these reason-
able restraints, the architect-designers of
the three structures have been able to
develop strikingly different designs, while
at the same time taking advantage of the
cost savings offered by utilizing these
same seven systems throughout their
buildings.

The third aspect of the simultaneous
process of facility construction is life
cycle costing, which, although very com-
plex, may be simply described as the
consideration of all cost implications of a
facility over its useful or expected life.
These total implications include cost,
time, function and quality, giving each of
these its proper priorities. Life cycle
costing recognizes that the construction


cost is exceeded by the operating and
maintenance costs of the building in from
one to five years, depending upon the
building type. Another consideration
includes the cost of the denial of use of
the facility from the time its need is
recognized to the time the facility is
occupied by its users. Prior to assigning
priorities, the team must identify the
needs the facility is meant to serve and
what quality criteria will meet these
conditions.

These facts make it critical that the
lowest initial cost not be the determining
factor in the award of a contract. Rather,
what must be considered is the total life
cycle cost of a facility and its value
analysis approach to problem solving.

Value analysis is, and must be, a part of
each phase of the design and construction
process, including incentive contracting,
with the owner, A-E, and construction
manager involved in making the decisions.
Incentive contracting, as presently used
by most Federal agencies, applies value
engineering after the fact, without benefit
or advice of the design team. We do not
believe that incentive contracting value
engineering is capable of giving the tax-
payer the full benefits of a value analysis
methodology if used in this manner.

A team selected to design and construct a
facility using the simultaneous approach
must be composed of highly skilled pro-
fessionals, chosen on the basis of their
competence, qualifications, and com-
patability. We believe the team selected
by GSA in conjunction with the Depart-
ment of HEW, meets these high stan-
dards. We commend these agencies for
putting together this innovative approach
in developing the SSA Payment Centers.
Quite often it is easier to do it the same
old way. GSA and HEW should be
recognized as leaders in this country for
trying to develop the tools to provide the
taxpayers with better government
services. We have not followed in detail
the progress of this experiment, but we
wholeheartedly support this design and
construction concept.

Thank you for this opportunity to discuss
the use of the simultaneous construction
process and its broad application on this
project for the Federal Government. We
would be pleased to answer any questions
you may have concerning our statement.
M


FA/10





Photo of model shows how Independent
Square, new 37-story home offices of the
Independent Life and Accident Insurance
Company, will look when it is completed in
1974. Architects: Kemp, Bunch and Jackson.

"The Halleluah Church." A new nave and
sanctuary for St. Richards Episcopal Church,
Winter Park, Photo: Robert Duncan Braun.
Architect: Schweizer Associates, Inc.





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The Jetport Commerce Park needed

flexible climate control.
"Because of diverse tenant needs.
"And TECO provided that flexibility with climate controlled
electric heating," J. D. Sellers, vice-president of D.S.J.
Developments, Inc., said.
"The Jetport Commerce Park, adjoining Tampa International
Airport, is our first multi-tenant industrial park in this area.
We have projects in the Orlando and Jacksonville area,
as well.
"We build for the light manufacturing, warehousing and
distribution needs of companies whose limited space
requirements have kept them from enjoying the advantages
of the single-occupant industrial park.
"At the Jetport Commerce Park we will have a number of
buildings which will collectively provide 500,000 square feet
of space. Two buildings are completed now...and have
been divided into units of approximately 2,000 square feet.
Each unit has its own basic climate control package which,
since it's electric, can be increased to meet the needs of
the tenant from high-ceiling warehouse to partitioned
office space.
"We have additionally taken care to design each building
aesthetically with ample visitor parking and landscaping at
the front and employee parking and truck loading facilities
TE C at the rear.
TE. O "The flexibility of All-Electric design will enable us to
Tampa Electric company construct future buildings which will satisfy the individual
requirements of both large and small tenants."


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Reprinted from an article in The Globe and
Mall, Toronto, Canada.

By Kay Kritzwiser

When Laszlo Buday gets down to work,
u OUU he puts on a black skull cap, a coarse
apron and a pair of 150-year-old spec-
tacles he once picked up in Vienna for a
song. Then suddenly, with a flexible strip
of copper in one hand and a small
hammer in the other, he becomes a
symbol himself of all the artisans, crafts-
men, designers, philosophers who have
gone before him.

The cap, the apron, the quaint glasses are
not arty props. The Budapest-born artist
is all these things anyway.

The cap keeps copper dust out of his hair.
The spectacles ("look at this beautiful
craftsmanship," he purrs over them,)
provide the right degree of magnification
for his finely designed copper panels.
Tap, tap, tap the hammer goes on the
thin copper and that too is an ancient
sound, inseparable from an ancient craft.

Buday, who darts rather than walks, is a
stubborn individualist who knows what
he wants. In one week recently, he flew
to Karachi, summoned about a job, and
then to Washington. He shrugged off both
offers to work. "I didn't accept either
assignment. I want to be one man. I don't
want to be a factory. If I take on any
more work than I can do myself, I will be
a factory, not an artist."

Buday's design studio in York Square is a
4 ?fascinating melange of materials beauti-
ful rolls of copper, precisely arranged
tools, comfortable chairs, and orderly
desk and lots of books and magazines.

Buday, who is a graduate of Budapest
Academy of Art, was primarily a graphics
4r designer. He came to Canada in 1957 and
for a number of years was art director for
the magazine, Canadian Architect. A
cover series today reveals how avant garde
a graphics man he was at the time.

But the philosopher in him wanted to try
something else and now he works princi-
Ppally as a freelance artist in copper. He
has small patience with people in ruts:
"You cry for Rome, you go to Rome,"
he said.

Buday works with a square panel of
Copper, which gradually accepts his
patient tap-tapping with tools to bring
up, on the reverse side, designs which
range from figurative to abstract, from
literal interpretations of mythology to
concepts for contemporary living.
CONTINUED












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Buday backs each hammered square with
liquid metal to get maximum strength
and durability. The liquid aluminum
which binds the back of the panels does
away with the difficulties of casting -
"and the tremendous cost." Then Buday,
the artist, goes to work on the surfaces,
darkening, polishing, reproducing various
rich patinas, and finally, sealing the
completed mural with a permanent clear
coat to prevent oxidation.

Sometimes he enamels the copper, but
it's not his favorite method. He prefers
the subtleties he can introduce with acids,
what he calls "the secret sparkle. If you
have it, you have it when you're born."

Buday is happy, he said, to work like a
dog and frequently, he does. He has no
patience with whiners: "You are a pes-
simist? Okay, kill yourself." And he has a
deep appreciation of how badly we need
our artists. "It's basic. Machines don't
speak to us. That's why we need art in
this bloody antagonistic world." 0


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BETTER

BUILDINGS

IN TORNADO

AND

HURRICANE

ZONES


Michele G. Melaragno
Associate Professor of Building Science
College of Architecture, Clemson University
Clemson, South Carolina


Tornadoes and hurricanes in the United
States cause a considerable amount of
damage and loss of human life yearly.
Unlike earthquatkes, landslides, and other
natural disasters which lack an apparent
periodical occurrence, tornadoes and
hurricanes have an annual frequency that
varies within narrow limits. Statistical
data collected during a seventeen-year
period (1953-1969) in the United
States,1 indicated an average number of
640 tornadoes per year, with a peak of
912 in 1967 and a lower limit of 437 in
1953. Annual averages for this period2
include $75 millions of damage with 125
deaths for tornadoes and $500 millions of
damage with 75 deaths for hurricanes. Of
the two types of storms, tornadoes are
the more violent because the energy
involved is concentrated over a smaller
area of the earth's surface.

The power in a tornado-producing
thunderstorm has been calculated on the
order of 108 KW by some authors,3
which can be compared to the power of
atomic bombs. For instance, considering
the 20 Kiloton bomb type such as those
dropped on Japan in 1945 and exploded
experimentally at Bikini4 in 1946, it can
be calculated that 43 bombs exploded in
one hour would be needed to generate a
power of the same magnitude.

Tornado energy in the form of high-speed
winds produces damage in one of two
ways: either as a result of the wind
pressure itself and the impacts from
flying debris, or by the explosive force
due to the reduced pressure in the
funnel-shaped vortex. Evaluation of
damage along the path left by tornadoes
shows that forces increase as the storm's
axis is approached.

Several structural surveys conclude that
building failures start at relatively low
wind speeds, a fact which underlines the
inadequacy of conventional construction


techniques to resist wind forces in
general. This is no wonder; building codes
often ignore wind forces altogether for
buildings under a certain height. At low
wind levels, wind resistance is usually
achieved by the inborn rigidity of most
structures due to redundant structural
members or building elements such as
exterior walls, partitions, floor slabs, etc.
When wind forces become higher, how-
ever, design deficiencies appear. Usually
missing are torsonial strength to resist
twisting couples and also proper anchor-
ages against uplifting. The list of deficien-
cies is long. But the main question
remains: Is it possible to find feasible
solutions to improve existing structural
inadquacies of present building
techniques?

Up to now, all groups interested in the
design of buildings have expressed a
fatalistic attitude toward the destruction
caused by tornadoes. Engineers, archi-
tects, builders, public officials, and
consequently property owners, have
assumed that the annual loss in human
lives and millions of dollars are unavoid-
able tributes to be paid to Mother Nature.
Whereas in the past such a philosophy
was acceptable because of the low density
of the population, particularly in the
rural zones of the United States, today it
can no longer be tolerated. Both the
population explosion in general and the
tremendous suburban expansion are the
main reasons for reevaluation. Also, social
progress and consequent higher standards
of living demand more consideration for
human life regardless of cost. Therefore,
buildings should reflect these needs by
offering a reasonable degree of safety and
reassurance to the occupants.

An important factor which in the past
denied any hope for storm-resistant
structures was insufficient knowledge of
the meteorological phenomenon; this led
people to believe that maximum wind
CONTINUED


FA/19





klrt

walidmanin,


phosr, aphy
1905 Northwest 115th Street, Miami, Florida 33167 Tel. (305) 685-2898


splendid m

graphics



Individual identification through a coordinator and Distri-
butor of Architectural Graphics.
Offering our clients the newest processes and the finest pro-
ducts for the assurance that the graphics for your project,
whether one door or a whole airport or hospital complex,
compliment your overall design and environment.
With capabilities such as Best "Graphic Blast", die-cut-vinyl
Super Graphics, Directories, cast aluminum, bronze or other
metal exterior graphics, we can work to your specifications
or assist in a coordinated design that provides your clients,
and their customers, a sense of assurance and an ease in total
environment.
May we consult with you regarding a specific project or our
potential. Let us create samples for submission to your clients
for that coordinated-design appearance on your next project.
No obligation, of course.
620 NORTHEAST 40TH COURT
FORT LAUDERDALE, FLORIDA 33308

POST OFFICE BOX 24203
FORT LAUDERDALE, FLORIDA 33307
305/564-5496






BUILDINGS, Continued


speeds in tornadoes were over 300 mph.5
This figure was sufficient reason for
causing skepticism among engineers re-
garding the practicability of tornado-
resistant structures. In recent years,
however, most of the researchers in the
dynamics of tornadoes have lowered that
estimated value to less than 200 mph.
This reduction of 100 mph, i.e., of
one-third of the speed, corresponds to a
reduction of load on the structure of
approximately 55%. Thus, it is clear that
feasibility of tornado-resistant design is
placed in a new light.

In the near future, drastic changes may be
seen in the codes of standard practice or
in building codes of tornado-prone
regions. The importance of inter-
disciplinary cooperation in the realization
of tornado protection cannot be over-
emphasized; engineering, meteorology,
and architecture all have a contribution
to make in establishing storm-resistant
design criteria.

Recent feasibility studies include the
work conducted at Texas Tech Univer-
sity6 and other projects of individual
researchers. One of these studies7
includes the design of a typical wood-
frame residential structure, strengthened
by X cables and by bolted connections.
The study concludes that full protection
of the structure can be achieved with an
additional cost of 19%, half of which is
accounted for by the cost of the bolts.
Similarly, other solutions should be
forthcoming.



Because of the similarity of problems of
earthquakes and high wind forces, there
are many suggestions for tornado
protection that can be borrowed from
seismic design regulations. For instance,
the United States could be divided into a
number of zones rated in terms of
probability of occurrence derived from


existing data. For each zone, specific
loading conditions could be assigned;
inclusion of these requirements in local
building codes would guarantee enforce-
ment. Codes could also contain specific
building details in order to cover small
residential structures that in most cases
do not require the services of architects
or engineers. Buildings could be classified
according to their occupancy in different
categories with different degrees of
protection. The inclusion of a high level
safety area to be used as a shelter for the
inhabitants of each building could also be
required.

Residential buildings, in particular,
require special attention because of the
long duration of occupancy and the
frailty of the structures. Usually, dwel-
lings consist of wooden frames with
various cladding materials. The inherent
fragility of the material and methods of
connection, in addition to the deficiency
of an empirical design, cannot be
accepted without some radical change in
the whole design concept. A previous
study of the author analyzes the possi-
bility of a concrete core monolithic with
the foundation of the building, which
constitutes an integral part of the living
area of the dwelling for the purpose of
shelter and lateral support for the wood
frame around it.8

Just as, decades ago, earthquake forces
have imposed special design regulations
on a world-wide basis, in the same way
forces generated by tornadoes and hur-
ricanes, which occur even more frequent-
ly, should receive proportional attention.
On the other hand, regardless of whether
storm proofing regulations will be en-
forced or not through official codes, their
neglect will be a serious omission in the
design of new buildings. Residential
structures in particular, either single
dwellings or apartment buildings, can be
come obsolete on the economy market if
modern needs are not recognized. E


1
U.W. Department of Commerce, Natl Oceanic
and Atmospheric Admin./Natl Weather Service.
NOAA/PI 70014 1970. Severe Local Storm
Warning Service.

2From: Environment Data Service, ESSA.

Vonnegut, B. and J.R. Weyer. Luminous
Phenomena in Nocturnal Tornadoes. Science,
Sept. 1966, pp. 1213-1220.

4The Effects of Nuclear Weapons. Prepared by
the Dept. of Defense, published by U.S. Atomic
Energy Commission, April 1962.

5For a more complete presentation of wind
speed values, see: Melaragno, Michele G.,
Tornado Forces and Their Effects on Buildings.
Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, Kansas, 51 pp.,
1968.

6The Department of Civil Engineering at Texas
Tech. University initiated a tornado research
program following the Lubbock storm of May
11, 1970. Some of the studies are:
McDonald, J.R., Structural Response of a
Twenty-Story Building to the Lubbock
Tornado. Dept. Civil Eng., Texas Tech.
University, 37 pp., October 1970.
Mehta, K.C., J.R. McDonald, J.E. Minor,
A.J. Sanger. Response of Structural Systems
to the Lubbock Storm. Dept. Civil Eng.,
Texas Tech. University, 427 pp., October
1971.
Minor, R.R. and A.J. Sanger. Observations
of the Response of Metal Building Systems
to the Lubbock Tornado. Texas Tech.
University, Storm Research Report 02, 110
pp., February 1970.
7Sherman, Zachary. Residential Buildings
Engineered to Resist Tornadoes and Hurricanes.
Paper presented at the XXII International
Astronautical Congress in Brussels, Belgium,
Sept. 20-25, 1971.

8Melaragno, M.G. Dwelling Structures for the
Great Plains. The Semester Review, Clemson
University, September 1972.


FA /21











ARCHITECT: Edward Marion Ghezzi, A.I.A.
ENGINEERS: Crouse & Partners, Inc. Structural Engineers
Hufsey-Nicolaides Mechanical Engineers
CONTRACTOR: S.J. Meyer-Capeletti Bros., Inc.
INTERIOR DESIGNER: Edward M. Ghezzi and Maurice Pavlow
LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT: James E. Voss
SCULPTOR: Albert S. Vrana


MIAMI LAKES FIRST STATE BANK
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PROGRAM:
Capeletti stated: "Design two buildings,
completely independent and private, but
joined as one ... a bank and an office
building. As the initial building of a
future commercial and townhouse-apart-
ment complex, it is to set the style of
those that follow.


"Include in the concept, materials and
techniques that will permit me to use my
own construction men, equipment and
administrative procedures. I want a
strong, handsome building to solve my
problems, but I also want to save money
building it."


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Letter


Mr. Frank B. Maher
President
John Hancock Insurance Company
Boston, Massachusetts 02100

Dear Sir:

When recently in the press I noticed a
piece about breaking glass panes under
apparent 'less than design' wind loads, I
was reminded of an occasion after Hurri-
cane "Donna", 1960.

With other building professionals, having
rather carefully studied some of the
results of this rather impirical "field
experience" (180 mph), we became more
than ever convinced that existing wind
force effects data were out of date and
inadequate, and that "something should
be done".

Briefest study suggested that such re-
search should be deeper than that
generated by semi-captive laboratories on
the orders of product manufacturers.

It seemed logical that the whole spectrum
should be involved-design professions,
underwriters, bankers, manufacturers, the
people, and government at various levels-
in a coordinated continuing program to
search for valid performance criteria.

We tried to set some wheels in motion at
various local and national levels, but were
only minimally successful. I particularly
remember the comment of the Under-
writer's representative for the Miami area:
"Mr. Hansen, the Underwriters wrote the
building code, and when they see fit to
change it, they will".

Constantly raised is the position that if
standards were established at higher
values, no one could afford to build. Our
personal study suggests this is not true for
many facets.

Constantly raised is the position that if
standards were established at higher
values, no one could afford to build. Our
personal study suggests this is not true for
many facets.

With recurrent "Donna's" in mind, for a
significant project, we privately tested
1/4" x 8' x 10' panels of tempered glass,
in plane and warped vacuum frames, to
determine in rough fashion that such
panels might withstand expectable 200
mph loads without shattering, However,


it was noted that "pillow" effect was
such that all then available keeping
systems were judged ineffective at higher
wind loads, and most seemed likely to
contribute to breakage under those con-
ditions.

With this knowledge, we were able to
design a simple but hopefully effective
glass keeping system with positive grab
and about twice normal purchase. (No
wind rigs have been available here for full
scale tests at forces much above 120 or
130 mph.)

For added stiffness and safety we used
3/8" glass, which proved not to be a
serious overburden in quantity purchases.
(No insurance credit, however.)

More recently, we have had painful
occasion to evaluate major laboratory test
procedures for wind uplift forces on
roofing materials and insulation (early
60's) and smoke and flame tests for
fiberboard, (late 60's) and revealed them
poorly founded and quite unreliable.

Such experiences expose underwriters'
divided loyalty (often having to argue
both sides of the same question, and "pay
off as cheap as you can regardless of
fault.)" It exacerbates problems of basic
responsibility to everyone's detriment
(with increasing regularity and without
concomitant recompense, especially the
designers').

With constant development of building
technology, new problems are escalating
to a shattering pitch.

No single design force can generate the
time or resources to completely test all
materials in a building for all possible
circumstances, or evaluate all the tests
made by others; yet "ignorance" of a
most obscure and most obtuse problem
has been ruled "no defense" in some
courts.

The point of this harangue is to prey
upon your present painful experience to
help generate impetus for a truly multi-
supported national building research
system and meeting ground for afterlock
evaluations.

I expect to be in the Boston area some-
time in the near future and would appre-
ciate the opportunity to survey the glass
installation in the new Hancock Building
for quite personal evaluation and use in
the light of previous observation and
experience.

Sincerely,
Robert E. Hansen, faia
Architect


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"It's not a big project," the
argument goes. So let's not make it
any more complicated than it has
tobe..."
With these words, architects are
shut out from the job they do best.
Architects are trained
un-complicators.
Architects are simplifiers, trained
to help you separate what you truly
need from what you think you need.
Together, you and your architect
make discoveries you might never
make by yourself.
You may discover (as a North
Carolina bank did) that walls are one
wall too many.
You may discover (as a Kentucky
company did) that those two buildings
you re assuming you need should really
be onebuilding.
Or you might find that that steep
(and cheap) site is actually better suited
to your building's function than that
flat (and costly one.
Architects are
assuites, materials, inevitable
Walls, sites, materials," inevitable"


costs and delays-all of your
assumptions about traditional
construction come under attack.
And as you collaborate, you may
find your assumptions about
architects (that they're slow, or
spendthrifts,or impractical dreamers)
being shattered, too.
In the meantime, it would be good
if you could talk to some businessmen
who've been through the experience.
Askthe man who's tried one.
Send for the handsome new
booklet, 10 BUSINESSMEN TALK
ABOUT THEIR ARCHITECTS.
It's published by the American
Institute of Architects. But it's
written by businessmen: Presidents,
Vice Presidents, General Managers.
And it's free. Just ask your
secretary to mail us this coupon.
American Institute of Architects
1785 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C.20036
Gentlemen: Please send me a copy oyour free booklet,
"10 businessmen talk about their architects."
Name
Firm
Address
City State Zip.


THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT
7100 N. Kendall Drive
Miami, Florida 33156
Accepted As Controlled Circulation
Publication at Miami, Florida





"Whyhire

an architect

if all I need is

four walls

and a roof?"




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