Front Cover
 Dimensions / 1970
 Table of Contents
 Community appearance board
 Advertisers' index
 Expo '70 tour
 Sign and signature guidelines
 Environmental requirements for...
 Back Cover

Title: Florida architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00186
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Series Title: Florida architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Publication Date: December 1969
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073793
Volume ID: VID00186
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
    Dimensions / 1970
        Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Community appearance board
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Advertisers' index
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
    Expo '70 tour
        Page 17
    Sign and signature guidelines
        Page 18
    Environmental requirements for outer space
        Page 19
    Back Cover
        Page 20
Full Text

W A A Flo

This- publication- is. copyrighted. by- the- Florida.
Association. of. the. American. Institute. of-
Architects- and- is- an- official- journal- of- the-

Limited permission to. digitize- and make this- electronic-
version available- has- been- granted- by the. Association-
to- the- University- of- Florida- on- behalf- of- the- State-
University- System* of F lorida.

Use- of- this- version- is- restricted- by. United- States-
Copyright- legislation- and- its- fair use- provisions.- Other-
uses- may- be- a vi olati on -of- copyright- protect ons.

Requests- for- permissions- should- be- directed to- the-
Florida- Association- of. the. American- Institute. of-
Architects.- Contact- information- is- available- at- the-
Association' sweb site.

The Florida Architect
1nt' n

i l ;-.;, 14 .


i 0

Hillard T. Smith, Jr., AIA
Regional Director
If the AIA is to meet its traditional responsibil-
ity to architects to increase their competence as
creators of the physical environment, then the AIA
must meet its new obligation to be responsibly in-
volved in those areas which shape and change the
physical environment and thereby influence and
control the creative process. To aid in this accom-
plishment, we, as architects, must break out of the
cocoons which surround and protect our ivory tow-
ers and take part in the shaping process; or we
stay there and let others with no interest or con-
cern in the creative process do this for us. Who is
better prepared than architects to not only create
our environment but also influence those forces
which act as constraints on the process?
These are the issues which determined the new
AIA planning policy which requires that all pro-
grams must relate to public policy as well as pro-
fessional performance. With the adoption of this
policy, the AIA not only demonstrates a non-self
serving maturity, but also makes real the last lines
in the objects of its By-Laws, i.e., "to coordinate
the building industry and the profession of archi-
tecture to insure the advancement of the living
standards of our people through their improved en-
vironment; and to make the profession of ever-
increasing service to society."
None of this is to say that the AIA has not
Fad public interest in the past, but is a recognition
that if we are going to effectively accomplish our
goals, we must have more influence on public issues
in the future.
To serve as criteria for evaluating relevance and
priority of programs for 1970, the Board adopted
the following as overriding issues in the categories
of professional performance and public policy:
Professional Performance
1. Productivity of architects and related design-
professionals, in the context of aids for mo-
dernizing production processes.
2. Comprehensive practice, in the context of
developing architects capabilities to perform
and manage the total creative process-de-
cision, design and delivery.
3. Industrialized construction, in the context
of breakthroughs which will revolutionize
building technology.
4. Constrains of codes and regulations, in the
context of modernizing the criteria govern-
2 / THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT / December, 1969

ing design and construction as a creative
tool for technical progress rather than a
constraint upon it.
Public policy
1. Housing, primarily in the context of solu-
tion of problems of housing for low and
middle income groups.
2. Cities, in the context of the solution of ur-
ban problems embracing metropolitan areas,
new towns and a national land use policy.
3. Social change, in the context of socio-
economic problems of the disadvantaged
which relate to their physical environment.
4. Natural resources, in the context of a solu-
tion of problems of ecology for a viable
human environment and related pollutants.
To implement this policy, the 1970 program will
include the following thrusts: :.?
1. Housing -.A study to identify problems
associated with the lack of housing and
offer solutions in both the technical and.
political areas.
2. Education Includes an expanded scholar-
ship program; efforts to accredit presently
non accredited schools of architecture;
technician training; and professional devel-
opment programs for practitioners.
3. Community Design Centers To make
professional services available to influence
improvement of dilapidated urban areas.
To support these thrusts and make the entire
AIA program more effective, the following will
contribute greatly:
1. The Urban Design and Development Cor-
poration, a wholly owned subsidiary of the
AIA, will provide a study and guidance serv-
ice to many metropolitan areas for their re-
development. This service should become
self-sustaining as more contracts are ob-
2. The Legislative and Federal Agencies com-
mittees have been merged into a Govern-
ment Affairs Committee which is charged
with total responsibility for governmental
relations of all AIA programs.
3. A Codes and Regulations Service Center
has been authorized to be established at
the earliest possible date that funds are
available, but no later than 1971.
These are only the highlights of a dynamic pro-
gram which .bould place our profession in a posi-
tion of responsible leadership and influence. The
classic ongoing programs of the past have not been
lessened, but have been given new dimensions and
direction to better serve the profession and the pub-
lic interest. It would be well to note here that
the Institute structure has been so organized and
directed as to make it a viable medium, adaptable
to our changing needs.
For example, when the membership voted at
the 1969 convention that we should be more in-
volved with social responsibility, within the con-
text of our abilities, it was found that many of our
programs were already in consonance with the
theme. In fact, no new committees were required to
meet this need. By redirection and emphasis, the
entire program was absorbed within the existing
structure without any dislocations. It is a tribute
to the profession that our professional society could
meet this challenge.

December 1969

The Florida Architectoum 1
AItect Number 12

2 Dimensions/1970

4 Editorial

7 Community Appearance Board

8 Flexibility- For The Future
For "Breakthrough" Proposal

13 Advertisers' Index

17 Expo '70 Tour

18 Sign and Signature' Guidelines

19 Environmental Requirements for Outer Space.

Charles E. Patillo, III
Russell J. Minardi
Wythe D. Sims, 11
Fotis.N. Karousatos / Editor
John W. Totty / Assistant Editor
Howard Doehla / Advertising
Kurt Waldmann / Photography

Journal of the Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects, Inc., is
.owned and published by the Association,
a Florida Corporation not for profit. It is
published monthly at the Executive Of-
fice of the Association, 1000 Ponce de
Leon Blvd. Coral Gables, Florida 33134.
Telephone: 444-576J (area code 305).
Editorial contributions, including plans
and photographs of architects' work, are
welcomed but publication cannot be
guaranteed. Opinions expressed by con-
tributors are not necessarily those of the
Editor or the Florida Association of the
AIA. Editorial material may be freely re-
printed by other official AIA publica-
tions, provided full credit is given to the
author and to THE FLORIDA ARCHI-
TECT for prior use . Controlled circu-
lation postage paid at Miami, Florida.
Single copies, 75 cents, subscription,
members $2.00 per year, industry and
non-members $6.50 per year. February
Roster Issue, $10.00 ... October Hand-
book & Directory of Architectural Build-
ing Products & Services, single copy
$3.00 or $1.50 for Directory only . .
McMurray Printers.


The Publications Committee, after
thorough review, has presented its
recommendation to the Board of Di-
rectors to change the publishing date
from a monthly to a bi-monthly book
effective with the beginning of 1970.
The Directors approved this recom-
mendation, as well as the Convention
Delegates to the recently held 55th
Annual Convention.

This change to six (6) bi-monthly
issues per year, we believe, will permit
the editorial staff to provide a broad-
er scope of editorial contents and
photographic coverage of buildings.
Therefore, with 1970 THE FLOR-
IDA ARCHITECT will be mailed
to the readership during the third
week of the even months beginning
with February.

The Committee also recommended to
receive approval to invite the archi-
tectural students of the AIA Student
Chapters of the University of Florida
and University of Miami to partici-
TECT on an alternating basis. The
invitations have been extended to the
Presidents of the Student Chapters
and we sincerely anticipate the stu-
dents will accept.

A word to the AIA members. We
need your support and cooperation in
the form of journalism material. We
are always in need of new and good
buildings to feature in your book.
What about yours? We hear of many
architectural offices performing re-
search in design concepts for hous-
ing. We are interested to inform the
public and your colleagues of your re-
search. Keep feeding us with material.

We are looking forward to the decade
of the '70's with anticipation to bet-
ter serve the profession and the pub-
4 / THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT / December, 1969

Harry E. Bums, Jr., President
1114 Prudential Building
Jacksonville, Florida 32207
Robert J. Boerema, Vice President/President
2971 Coral Way
Miaini, Florida 33145
Thomas H. Daniels, Secretary
425 Oak Avenue
Panama City, Florida 32401
Richard E. Pryor, Treasurer
1320 Coast Line Building
Jacksonville, Florida 32202
Broward County Chapter'
losh C. Bennett, Jr.-Charles McAlpine, Jr.
Daytona Beach Chapter
Carl Gerken--Francis R. Walton
Florida Central Chapter
Frank R. Mudano- Archie G. Parish, FAIA
John Stefany
Florida Gulf Coast Chapter
James C. Padgett- Edward J. Seibert
*'*" Florida North Chapter
Charles F. Harrington James D. McGinley
Florida North Central Chapter
Mays Leroy Gray--Forrest R. Coxen
Florida Northwest Chapter
Thomas H. Daniels Roy L. Ricks
Florida South Chapter
C. Fraseur Knight- Walter. S. Klements
George F. Reed
Jacksonville Chapter
Howard B. Bochiardy-Charles E. Pattillo, III
Albert L. Smith
Mid-Florida Chapter
Donald R. Hampton--Wythe D. Sims, II
Palm Beach Chapter
Rudolph M. Arsenicos- Robert E. Roll
Charles E. Toth
Director, Florida Region, American
Institute of Architects
Hilliard T. Smith, Jr.
1123 Crestwood Blvd., Lake Worth
Executive Director, Florida Association of the
American Institute of Architects
Fotis N. Karousatos.
1000 Ponce de Leon Blvd., Coral Gables


Supplement to Safety Code for Eleva-
tors, Dumbwaiters, Escalators and
Moving Walks, A17.1-1965, USAS
On December 1, 1969, pursuant to
the Florida Elevator Law, Chapter
399,02(2), Florida Statutes, the fol-
lowing supplement was filed with the
Secretary of State to become effective
January 1, 1970.
All installations for which contracts
are signed on and after January 1,
1970 shall comply with the require-
ments of the following.
1. Access doors to machine rooms shall have a minimum
width of 2'-6" and a minimum height of 6'-0". Access
door to overhead machinery spaces shall be of 2'-6"
by 2'-6" minimum width and height, Rule 101.3d.
2. Pipes or ducts conveying gases, vapors or liquids shall
not be installed hoistways, machine rooms or machinery
spaces. Rule 102.2.
3. Emergency passenger car lighting shall be provided
which will become active within ten seconds after nor-
mal lighting power fails. Rule 204.7a(3).
4. Certain emergency alarms or means of communication
shall be provided for elevators in event of power or
mechanical failure. Rule 211.1.
Copies of the supplement may be secured from
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
United Engineering Center
345 East 47th Street
New York, New York 10017

Architectural Preservation
The Department of Architecture and
the Florida Association of the Amer-
ican Institute of Architects, in an
effort to meet challenges posed by
growing public and private interests
in historic architecture, has scheduled
a workshop on architectural preserva-
tion. The purpose of this workshop is
to acquaint students, faculty, profes-
sionals and a concerned public in the
specific purposes, methods and values
of architectural preservation.
The Architectural Preservation Work-
shop is scheduled for February 20-21,
1970 with all meetings held in the
Architecture and Eine Arts Complex
and the University of Florida in
Gainesvillc. National Programs in
Preservation, Preservation Projects
and State and Local Levels, and
Preservation as an Urban Asset are
the principal topics. Speakers and dis-
cussion leaders will include represen-
tatives from the National Register,
National Trust for Historic Preserva-
tion, Historic American Buildings
Survey, the American Association for
State and Local History, Florida
Board of Archives and History and
the American Institute of Architects.
Supplementary mailing will further
detail the program and list the speak-

Modern gas heating.
Fresh, clean, economical
heating. Old fashioned
comfort in a contempo-
rary package.
Gas heating puts it all
together. Compact de-
sign. The dependability

of fewer moving parts.
And the lowest cost of
any method of heating.
Your local Gas Utility
representative has some
facts and figures that
will warm your heart.
He's in the Yellow Pages.



Winter Park. Florida

6 / THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT / December, 1969

Community Appearance Board
Boca Raton, Florida
Timothy H. Barrows, AIA

The City of Boca Raton, Florida, is
a residential community which aes-
thetically relates to its history, climate
and natural landscape.

The citizens and their elected officials
felt that their community must de-
velop in an orderly fashion, retaining
and building on its character and in-
trinsic beauty. They, therefore, cre-
ated the Community Appearance
Board, July 19, 1966. The Board was
charged with insuring this orderly
development. The Board analyzed the
city by means of a community survey.
This survey encompassed the physical,
economic, and cultural growth of the
community, as well as its aesthetic
assets. Commercial, industrial, and
residential neighborhoods were ana-
lyzed. Studies were made of the his-
torical significance of buildings and
sections of the community. Natural
and man-made areas of beauty were
continuously studied and re-experi-
enced by board members. The culmi-
nation of these studies allowed us to
develop a Community Design Plan
which became part of the Community
Appearance Board Ordinance. This
plan defines the existing and evolving
aesthetic character of the community
and sets forth minimum requirements
for land development in all areas ex-
cept those of single-family residences.

The requirements are divided into
four categories:

1) General Requirements:
The general requirements are mini-
mum aesthetic standards for all site
development buildings, structures, or
alterations including signs or other
forms of- advertising within the cor-
porate limits of Boca Raton, except
single-family residences. It is required
that all development show proper de-
sign concepts, express honest design
construction, and be appropriate to

the surroundings. Proper design con-
cepts is defined as referring to archi-
tectural planning and to the analysis
of the whole project in terms of
form and composition, color, ma-
terials, and surface decoration. It in-
cludes scale in relationship to scale of
adjacent buildings and landscape. It
applies to the inner character of the
individual project. Honest design con-
struction refers to proper design of all
work in its details and the uses of
weather resistant materials. The term
appropriate to surroundings 'does not
mean uniformity in style or subordi-
nation to existing buildings, but
rather new buildings being in an
orderly relationship with existing
buildings, the natural and man-made
landscape, and open areas.' Again,
scale and composition come into im-
portance. It is related here to the ex-
isting and evolving character of adja-
cent properties and the community
as a whole. Projects designed and
built expressing the technology and
attitude of our contemporary society
have a definite place in our commu-
nity, but that place exists only when
these projects do not destroy what is
of value.

2) Buildings:

The building requirements are addi-
tional detailed requirements. Refer-
ence is made to: buildings which are
part of a building complex and those
in strip developments; they further
refer to symbolic buildings, building
lighting, building surfaces, exterior
display of merchandise, vending ma-
cliines and advertising.

3) Exterior space:
The added requirements for the cre-
ation and treatment of exterior space
demand that natural vistas be sur-
veyed and planning steps be taken to
preserve them. Criteria is set forth for

the general design of this space; its
inner relationship; and its relationship
to buildings, roadways, and the neigh-
borhood in general. It covers land-
scaping and it requires that the na-
tural landscape be preserved and en-
hanced, rather than destroyed. A large
portion of this section is devoted to
minimum requirements, of the parking
lot. The requirements demand that
the parking lot be an asset to the
project. and community, that it be a
transitional space, one that aestheti-
cally transfers the individual from the
project entrance into the building or
area the parking lot serves. It is re-
quired that parking lots be park-like
rather than harsh hardstands of pav-
ing, that a minimum of 10% of the
gross parking area be devoted to living
landscaping, and that automobiles be
screened from all adjacent property
both public and private.

4) Areas of particular note and their
added requirements:

The last category describes and sets
.forth requirements for areas that are
of unusual importance to the aes-
thetic development of the commu-
nity. These areas include our natural
assets such as the ocean, the ocean
ridge, the Intracoastal Waterway, the
El Rio Canal, and the North-South
Ridge. They include man-made in-
fluences on the community such as
major thoroughfares and building
complexes that are significant because
of a definite function, historical im-
portance, or aesthetic character.

The effect of the Community Appear-
ance Board on the City of Boca
Raton is becoming evident. Buildings
are not built in Boca Raton that have
a primary function of advertising a
product or service. We have no eye-
catching multi-colored glowing roofs
littering our thoroughfares. U

Canadian Predicts
Flexible Future
For Architecture
Move a wall at will? Change its finish
in a flash with snap-on veneers or
peel-off paints? Yes, and in the not-
too-distant future predicts Canadian
architect Roderick G. Robbie, who,
in the November issue of the AIA
JOURNAL, writes about "The Flexi-
ble Future of Architecture."
All schools now under construction
in the Toronto area, where he is tech-
nical director of the Metropolitan
Toronto School Board, Study of Edu-
cational Facilities, are completely
flexible, or system built, and this
method is now reaching into other
fields such as housing, hospitals,
hotels and institutions.
While some architects in this country
take a dim view of systems building,
which according to Mr. Robbie is
what will make the mentioned switch-
arounds possible, there are some here
who strongly agree with him and are
deeply involved in it. Systems build-
ing is described as a method of con-
struction using coordinated compo-
nents that come to the building site
equipped with plumbing, electrical
wiring, etc., already integrated. In the
Toronto schools, it is possible to move
everything but the building struc-
tures, although moving exterior walls
and plumbing would be costly. Ap-
prehension about this method is
mostly fear of sameness in appear-
ance. But, architect Robbie refers to
Toronto's 540 conventionally built
schools-of which 500 are of red
And, Ezra Ehrenkrantz, AIA, one of
the prime movers of systems building
in the U.S., thinks that it will provide
for more individuality, more flexibil-
ity, and a fuller range of options to
increase the freedom of the human
New technologies are not the prob-
lem, the architects agree. The first
step in the right direction to get
systems building accepted here, as it
has been in Europe for years, is to do
away with a number of constraints
such as-in addition to the fear of
monotony-outdated codes, union at-
tidues, and the public's belief that
systems building implies inferior qual-
But, money and time are important.
factors and since systems building
saves both, it is the moral obligation
of architects to use it in view of the
nation's serious housing situation,
maintains Spencer B. Cone, FAIA, of
Architects are needed to guide the
building industry into the age of sys-
tems building, says Mr. Robbie, who
predicts that when the sy tsems
method catches on in the U.S. there
will be an explosion.

Flexibility Is Key
To Cement Industry
"Breakthrough" Proposal
Flexibility is the key to the "Opera-
tion Breakthrough" proposal submit-
ted by a consortium headed by the
Portland Cement Association.

The Concrete Industrialized Building
System (CIBS) proposal submitted
to the Department of HFousing and
Urban Development is flexible in
planning, construction, and tenant
use. The system is based on already
available components-concrete load-
bering walls and hollow-core prestress-
ed planks for floors and roof construc-
tion. It is adaptable to sites of any
size or configuration.

These components will be supplied
nationally by producing members of
the Prestressed Concrete Institute,
Span Deck Manufacturers Assn., the
Spiroll Producers Assn., Flexicqre
Manufacturers Assn., and the Span-
crete Manufacturers Assn. These as-
sociations have some 120 producing
companies with facilities throughout
the country, assuring availability in
any market.

Specifically designed for family living,
CIBS can provide attached or de-
tached single-family housing or low-
rise multifamily housing in any den-
sity mix required and in one-, two-, or
three-story configurations.

Architectural treatment, as shown in
the accompanying sketches, is also
completely flexible. Two non-struc-
tural exterior walls, usually front and
rear, allow for any style treatment de-
sired, according to the consortium's
architect, Ferendino/Grafton/Pan-
coast, Miami, Florida.


Floor plan sketch shows a proposed
layout of the three-bedroom town-:
house unit for prototype construction.'
Bedrooms are isolated on the second
floor, each with its own walk-in closet.
Living and utility space is on the first
floor. Complete basements and gar-
ages could be provided by this flexible
Varied architectural treatments are
possible in the CIBS Concrete In-
dustrialized Building System. Two ex-
terior walls can be finished in any
style to harmonize with the surround-
ings. Either flat or hip roofs are pos-
sible. Units will be adapted to what-
ever sites are chosen and are com-
pletely flexible in interior arrange-
ment. Entrance ways and even entire
front elevation can be changed to fit
units to sites selected by the Depart-
ment of Housing and Urban Devel-
opment. W

8 / THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT / December, 1969


This design flexibility will enable
each unit, whether on a single lot or
in a large tract, to harmonize with or
complement its surroundings. Hip or
flat roof systems can also be used with
any unit mix desired.

Use of interior space is also com-
pletely flexible. All interior walls or
partitions, which are the responsibility
of National Gypsum Co., are non-
load-bearing and can be arranged for
the convenience of the tenant. Also
as a family's space needs change, in-
terior partitions can be rearranged as
desired. Interior decoration and wall
finish are also at the discretion of
the user. For example, high-density,
damage-resistant paneling could: be
used throughout.

iModular mechanical systems, design-
ed to reduce installation time and,
costs,' will be supplied by American*.
Standard Inc. Both 'heating and
plumbing modules have been pro-
duced and tested. Provision for the
addition of air conditioning will be
included in the installations.

Established electrical systems will be
provided by the Wiremold Co. The
systems will be complete from service
entrance to final outlets, with base-
board raceways used for distribution
and will have capacity for electric
heat, range, and dryer wherever ap-
Overall coordination and manage-
ment of the consortium will be pro-
vided by the Portland Cement Asso-
ciation. Social welfare coordination
and self-help guidance at the local
level will be provided through the
National UrbanLeague and its local
affiliates. The Department of Urban
Affairs, University of Miami will act
as consultants in urban planning.

Other consultants to the consortium
include Northern Trust Co., Chicago,
financial; Price Waterhouse, interna-
tional accountants, accounting, audit-
ing and systems management services;
and Kirkland, Ellis, Hodson, Chaffetz
& Masters, Chicago and Washington,
S legal.
If approved for a Phase I Operation
Breakthrough contract, the PCA con-
sortium proposes -to build six three-
bedroom townhouse units as a proto-
type on sites selected by the Depart-
ment of Housing and Urban Develop-

The proposal states that the con-
sortium will be ready to begin proto-
type construction eight weeks after a
site is designated, since technical de-
velopment of subsystems and produc-
tion capacity are complete. This time
will be required for site evaluation,
surveys of user needs and labor avail-
ability, and about four weeks to adapt
the system plan to the particular site.
' E


CAT engines pump "juice"

to Florida citrus

Some citrus groves owned by Ben Hill Griffin Inc.,
of Frostproof, will never thirst for water again.
Fourteen Caterpillar Diesel engines were installed
to pump water to over 2,400 acres. O The engines
(thirteen D333's and one D336) can each provide
dependable power sufficient to water 150 to 175
acres through the overhead irrigation system. The
wells and pump stations interconnect and are
valved to permit any engine and pump to furnish

water to all sections of the groves. Ben Hill Griffin
Inc., ordered these engines within the last four
months and ar"'now proving the dependability of
Cat engines to supply the needed water for next
year's citrus crop. El Your Florida Caterpillar Dealer
will give you the facts on total energy and stand-by
power and how they can engineer it to fit your
needs. Ei If you need to supply "juice" to your busi-
ness, call your nearest Florida Caterpillar Dealer.

U Ur



Caterpillar, Cat and Traxcavator are Registered Trademarks of Caterpillar Tractor Co.
14 / THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT / December, 1969

c--- I~r t .rH1iCalr



A Gold Medallion home.

Home buyers know what they're looking for. That's .why
your homes or apartments should have this coveted award. Be-
cause, today, buyers expect the latest in total electric living. They
know it's safe, clean, and very economical. And they look to you
to provide them with this type of living.
Your homes can earn the Gold Medallion by having an
Electric Range, Electric Water Heater, Full Housepower Wiring,
Electric Year Round Air Conditioning, Ample Light For Living,
and Other Major Electric Appliances.
So give them what they want... with a Gold Medallion Home.

J Electric
Florida Power & Light Company/Tapa Electryig,c Company/ Flsorida Power Corporation/Gu

Florida Power & Light Company/Tampa Electric Company/Florida Power Corporation/Gulf Power Company



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An interesting piece of documentation
found in the notes of a young architect,
Bill Charvat, while studying for his state
board exams.


This roof deck system consists of an inch
of Permadeck formboard on sub-purlins,
Zonolite insulating concrete, and wire
mesh. It's rated one hour.
But that's only part of the Permadeck
story. There's strength, water resistance,
and appearance. Permadeck is all of that
S. and more.
All Permadeck roof decks are certified.
They're applied only by Approved Appli-
cators who have the experience and equip-
ment to faithfully follow the specs.
At the plants, a rigid testing program is
followed to assure that Permadeck equals
or surpasses published standards. Accurate
job records concerning applications are kept
by Approved Applicators.
When thejob is completed, we and the ap-
plicator jointly certify that the Permadeck
was properly manufactured and installed
according to architectural specifications.
All of which assures you of satisfactory
long-term performance.
For complete information, call your
Permadeck or. Zonolite representative, or
write us: Concrete Products Division, W. R.
Grace & Co., P. O. Box 130, Brunswick,
Georgia 31520.
W. R. GRACE & CO. Concrete Products Division
AW. R. Grace & Co.
I N L C P.O. Box 130, Brunswick, Georgia 31520.
ZONOLITE Phone (912) 265-6900
P.O. Box 338, Terry, Mississippi 39170.
Phone (601) 878-5565

12 / THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT / December, 1969

I-- c41t/1P


Our "Architectural Program"

DADE Call today
443-4661 for assistance
in specification
BROWARD writing, product
525-7255 information, pricing,
availability, etc.

Ask for:
Nap Pinkston
Bob Corell
Charles Wiggins
in the Architectural

W alton 1 building products, I nc.
4237 Aurora Street
Coral Gables, Florida
P.O. Box 170-33134

Architect Planner, Miami resident, Euro-
pean born, American educated, degrees
in architecture and city planning, strong
design background. Over ten years of ex-
perience in planning. Would like to join
a local architectural firm. Call 666-5214.


Back Cover


New Films Shows
Urban School Decay
Can Be Reversed
How city schools can destroy or uplift
children is shown in a dramatic new
film produced by The American In-
stitute of Architects in cooperation
with the U.S. Office of Education
and Educational Facilities Laborator-
ies (EFL) of New York City.
For six months camera crews roared
playgrounds, classrooms, cafeterias,
alleys, and new kinds of schools to.
complete a color and black-and-white
documentary entitled "A Child Went
Dropouts, teachers, parents, ,and
school children receiving a new brand
o' individualized help are ailing the
actors in the film to be released by)
AIA chapters and a national distribu-
tor early in 1970.
Key conclusion of the film: Much
more money, devoted teachers, con-
cerned parents, and physical facilities
that encourage human growth and
development as well as new educa-
tional programs can reverse the cycle
of decay and despair that infects
many schools in poor neighborhoods.
The alternative is stunted humans
and a damaged nation.
Cost of the $75,000 film was shared
by AIA, the U.S. Office of Education,
and Educational Facilities Labora-
tories. Major sequences were filmed in
Chicago, Cleveland, Baltimore, Tor-
onto, New York, New Haven, and
Berkeley, Calif.
Persons interested in a loan or sale
copy of the 28-minute film when it
is released in 1970 may write now to
the AIA Library, 1735 New York
Avenue NW, Washington, D. C.

A series of terraced slabs enveloped with-
in a massive cube by Buckminster Fuller
comprise the Piedmond Center or the
"now-and-beyond" pavilion at Green-
ville, S.C., a key pavilion at the South
Carolina Tricentennial opening in April
of next year. Designed to tell the story of
South Carolina today and tomorrow, the
exhibition is designed by Kissiloff &
Wimmershoff, Inc., a New York indus-
trial design group which also had the
responsibility of implementing the pavil-
ion's theme through all aspects of design.

- :I Z Si,

i l.. t ~~r .1 rm r

CAT engines pump "juice"

to Florida citrus

Some citrus groves owned by Ben Hill Griffin Inc.,
of Frostproof, will never thirst for water again.
Fourteen Caterpillar Diesel engines were installed
to pump water to over 2,400 acres. O The engines
(thirteen D333's and one D336) can each provide
dependable power sufficient to water 150 to 175
acres through the overhead irrigation system. The
wells and pump stations interconnect and are
valved to permit any engine and pump to furnish

water to all sections of the groves. Ben Hill Griffin
Inc., ordered these engines within the last four
months and are'now proving the dependability of
Cat engines to supply the needed water for next
year's citrus crop. O Your Florida Caterpillar Dealer
will give you the facts on total energy and stand-by
power and how they can engineer it to fit your
needs. Ei If you need to supply "juice" to your busi-
ness, call your nearest Florida Caterpillar Dealer.




Caterpillar, Cat and Traxcavator are Registered Trademarks of Caterpillar Tractor Co.
14 / THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT / December, 1969


I* ,

We'd love

to show you the Orient.
And you'll love seeing the Orient. Especially when you make ,'
the trip with a Far East expert Northwest Orient.
We span the Pacific with 100 flights a week. Combined
they link Hawaii and seven cities in the Orient Tokyo, Osaka,
Seoul, Okinawa, Taipei, Manila, Hong Kong with our gateway
cities of Anchorage, Seattle, Portland and San Francisco.
With our new routes via Hawaii, plus the North Pacific routes
we've flown for 22 years, you can fly out one Northwest way
and fly home another Northwest way. Or spend a few days
along the way under Hawaii's sun there's no extra charge
for a stopover in Hawaii!
We'll take care of your flight reservations; arrange your
travel itinerary and hotel accommodations, too! Just call your
travel agent, or Northwest Orient.

The Orient would love to see you.

16 / THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT / December, 1969

The past achievements of mankind and
the progress made in recent years by sci-
ence and technology promise for the
future a mode of living far surpassing
anything we can presently imagine.
Since the first universal and international
exhibition held in 1851, successive ex-
hibitions in Europe and America have
played an important role in advancing
civilization by collectively displaying the
products of creativity and inciting all to
further development. Japan has now the
honor to organize, in Osaka in 1970, a
universal and international exhibition in
conformity with the Convention regard-
ing International Exhibitions of 1928.
Asia's first universal and international
exhibition, while respecting the custom
and achievements of past exhibitions,
will be based on a new theme linking
East and West. It will indicate the prog-
ress of modern civilization and, at the
same time, mark a turning point toward
the development of still better ways of
Modern man, despite his glorious history,
is still afflicted with discord. Our present
technological civilization has brought
about radical changes in daily life and
created numerous new problems without
always solving the old . such as the
gross disparities between many parts of
the world, the lack of material and spir-
itual interchange, and the friction and
tension caused by lack of understanding.
Though science and technology, them-
selves, now make possible the total de-
struction of mankind, we still believe in
the existence of human wisdom, shining
everywhere, to open the door to the fu-
ture peace and prosperity of mankind.
Intercommunication, understanding and
tolerance between all the human races
should bring a better and more harmoni-
ous mode of human life.
We look to all the peoples of the world
to display with pride the fruits and wis-
dom of their respective cultures. It is the
honor and pleasure of Japan to be able
to oragnize this Exposition only a century
after her own emergence from isolation.
The twentieth century is a period of
great progress but also of great suffering
and disorder. At the dawn of a new era,
we desire to leave this world to the next
generation as an abode ruled by peace
and as a temple fit for praising the dig-
nity of mankind. No honor could be
greater for us than to see the World
Exposition, Osaka, 1970, prove to be the
turning point toward such a Golden Age.
(Condensed from the Basic Concept
formulated by the Theme Committee of
the Japan World Exposition, Osaka,

Representing a Cherry Blossom, the Na-
tional Flower of Japan, the symbol, shown
at left, of the Japan World Exposition,
Osaka, 1970, visualizes its central theme,
"Progress and Harmony For Mankind."
The emblem, created by a leading graphic
designer of Japan, was adopted in April
1966 as the official symbol of the ex-

"Progress and Harmony for Mankind"

This year, the FAAIA will be travel-
ing to the Orient and, of course, one
of the major highlights will be Expo
'70. This is the first exposition of its
kind to be held in Asia and almost
all the nations of the world will be
displaying their cultural, industrial
and scientific achievements both for
the present and the future.

The/Japanese Pavillion will be divided
into three parts-the Past, the Pres-
ent and the Future. Japan's past will
provide a perspective of Japan's his-
torical development from her pre-
historic days to the present, with em-
phasis on culture and its isolation
from the rest of the Far East. Dis-
plays will include the beginning of
the Buddhist Temples and massive
statues which began in the sixth

Japan's present, as depicted in a
sprawling site, will show her progress
in industry, social life and land util-
ization. It will feature the daily
life of the Japanese in all forms such
as leisure, housing, communications
and urbanization.

Century 21 in Japan will illustrate
the life and living of the Japanese in
the future. Culturally, Economically
and Globally-the future of Japan
explored in full.

The Sanyo Group of Manufacturing
Companies Hall promises to be one
of the most interesting to architects,
This will take in the view of the
Future House of Health in the Third
(Artificial) Nature. In this design
for housing in the future, the em-
phasis will be placed on man's health
and well being. In this futuristic
home, temperature and humidity will
be completely automatic-controlled,
and air conditioners will prevent air
pollution of these cities. All the
grounds and gardens of these homes
will produce in "Artificial Nature"
that is to say living flowers and lawns
will be grown by artificial means.

The Matsushita Pavillion will be built
in the elegant architectural style of
the Tempyo Era and consist of two
houses surrounded by bamboo groves.
In this house, the technological and
cultural achievements will be joined

to make the whole home oJ the fu-
ture. It will be the true joining of
the peace and tranquility that mun
wil need and the advanced technolo-
gical devices of the future.

Another pavillion will reveal Compu-
topia-life of man in the utilizing
of his knowledge to make his world
of the future. Here computers will
be man's assistant in every phase of
living. This one should definitely not
be missed.

These are just a few of the architec-
tural sights, sounds and images that
will be combined in the Japanese
World Exposition. It promises that
this first Asiatic Exposition will look
to man's today and show what his
tomorrow will be.

The FAAIA is sponsoring this tour to
Expo '70 and a descriptive brochure
will be mailed to the membership
after January 1, 1970. For a copy of
the descriptive brochure of the Of-
ficial FAAIA Expo '70 Tour, call or
write to FAAIA or write to Lorraine
Travel Bureau, Inc., 179 Giralda Ave-
nue, Coral Gables, Florida 33134.

Guidelines on Use of Site Signs

and Building Signatures

Site Signs
Site signs represent one very effective
and inexpensive method of communi-
cations which every architect can use
to inform the public of his involve-
ment in a project.
Pedestrians and motorists provide an
ever-changing audience that the alert
architect can reach on a day-to-day
basis with site signs. Who isn't inter-
ested in knowing what company will
occupy a building under construction,
who is constructing it, and what archi-
tect designed it? With such "built-in"
interest on the part of so many, it
becomes somewhat of a community
service to provide such information.
This can be done through cooperative
efforts in creating one well-designed
site sign that tells what it is and then
lists those involved in construction,
financing, design, etc. In some cases,
it is appropriate to include on the
sign an architectural drawing of the
new building. If this is done, great
care should be taken to assure that
the art work is of outstanding quality.
As is more often the case, personal-
ized, individual site signs can be
created and displayed by the archi-
The Institute does not recommend a
particular size or style of site sign.
Nor does national AIA Headquarters
endorse a particular sign-production
company. It is felt that each commu-
nity and situation has its special re-
quirements in regard to size and type
signs that would be appropriate. It
has also ben found that most archi-
tects have individual preferences in
regard to graphics, colors, lettering,
and sign size. In many cases the
architect' site sign graphics are co-
ordinated with the firm's logo, gra-
phics, or colors. If the firm has a logo,
it should be given feature treatment
as a means of drawing attention to
the sign.
The Institute, therefore, recommends
that each architect produce his own
site sign, or arrange to have one pro-
duced by a local sign company. In
many cases, it may be necessary to
have a sign especially prepared so that
it is compatible with a particular job,
neighborhood, or local sign ordinance.

The Institute's only concern in this
regard is that the sign be:
* professional in appearance and in
good taste.
* temporarily placed as close to the
construction area as possible so
that it does not contribute to the
street's sign clutter.
* in the case of corporate members,
include the letters AIA after the
architect's name or state "A Mem-
ber of The American Institute of
* placed so that it does not cover or
commercially compete with other
site signs, and
* prepared not to include information
which is self-laudatory, exagger-
ated, or misleading.

While many architects use site signs
to acquaint the community-with their
creative talent and current projects,
few if any take the equally important
step of creating what might be appro-
priately called "a signature" on their
finished work. Like the pedestrians
and motorists seeing the site signs,
those who will be using and enjoying
the compelted building for years to
come are entitled to know the name
of the architect who designed the'
structure. The architect should there-'
fore consider cooperating with those
responsible for the text on the dedica-
tion plaque, or such information de-
vice, so that his name appears on the
plaque with others who made the
building possible. If such a plaque is
not planned, and the owner has no
objection, it is permissible under In-
stitute ethics for the architect to make
arrangements for a modest, tastefully
prepared plaque mounted in an ap-
propriate location which simply state's
the architect's name, with AIA after
it, if he is a corporate member, and a
line indicating he was the architect
for the building and the date it was
completed. It is of utmost import-
ance, however, that the mounting of
signatures, award plaques, etc., do not
tend to deface or impair the design
of the building.

18 / THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT / December, 1969

University of Florida Student Studies

Environmental Requirements for Outer Space

University of Florida architecture stu-
dent Roger Richmond is watching
the current moon shots with special

And astronauts particularly are grate-
ful for his far-thinking interest.

Richmond, the only architect to date
to serve as an aerospace summer in-
tern with the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration in Hous-
ton, is devising methods to combat
monotony and boredom in space

Now seeking his master's degree at
the University, Richmond is complet-
ing his thesis on a 60-man artificial
gravity earth orbiting space base.

He has already done unique work for
NASA in designing the interiors of an
earth orbiting space station. He built
a seven-foot high model of this proj-
ect which the space agency is consid-
ering for use in its Apollo applications

Space architect Richmond says it is a
humanized, not a mechanical, station.
Now that the race to the noon is
won, more emphasis can be placed on
better environment for travelers in
"You can have an engineer or com-
puter do the designing for functional
requirements, but there is no way of
providing for the sub-conscious and
psychological needs of the space trav-
eler," the 23-year-old Sarasota resi-
dent notes.

Richmond designed a habitable space
station different from anything done
before. "Men must psychologically
relate to their environment. No two
minutes on earth are identical and, as
the enemy in space in monotony, I
want to take a hunk of earth and put
it in space," he says.

His space station has four seasons,
varying temperatures, changes of light
-"What men have become accus-
tomed .to," he elaborates.

As part of the project he also deviesd
a three-dimensional game facility for
astronauts in the zero gravity space
station. He calls it a "pool table" but
by rearranging panels, it can be con-

verted into a miniature golf course or
used to play croquet. The game is
promising enough to have a govern-
ment patent in the working stages.

Richmond thinks that lack of outside
stimuli (the cause of boredom and
the resultant feeling of imprison-
ment) could abort a mission. He has
tried to create a living environment
that incorporates as much of the
variety existing on earth as possible.
Some of the features are:

-Changing temperature that may
cause a space traveler to don warmer
clothing at one time and remove it at

-Lights differing from warm amber
to cold blue for mood changes;

-Different levels within rooms to
give variety of movement and no two
rooms exactly alike;

-Use of color to control mood-re-
laxed for sleeping, neutral and non-
distracting for working, lively for
recreational areas.

The plan has kitchens, sleeping quar-
ters, bathrooms, playrooms and, ac-
cording to the designer, "perhaps a
library or even a gymnasium for physi-
cal fitness."

"No one man's design ever could be
used. What I have tried to do is set
up the groundwork and the philoso-
phy for such a project," he explains. ,

Working with artificial gravity was
very different from working with zero
gravity, Richmond says. Providing
living quarters for 60 men to live in
space for up to two years also pro-
vided quite a challenge for the young

His ambitious project began two years
ago when he and a fellow student
decided to do "something far-out" as
the required thesis for an undergradu-
ate degree in architecture.

Why not do something in connection
with the moon, they decided, and
contacted people at Kennedy Space
Center for background information.
Kennedy officials, intrigued by archi-
tects doing an engineering problem

putting in the humanist approach, re-
ferred them to Houston.
They received complete cooperation
from the space agency, including'.a
plane trip to Houston to gather in-
formation. Their project was a- design
for a roonport which earned them an
"A" grade in class and Richmond was
invited to apply for NASA's summer
intern program.

Accepted as an intern, Richmond was
assigned to work on a space station.
His zero gravity nine-man design was
radically different from any the Hous-
ton agency had seen and his docu-
ment on the project was published by
the government and distributed by
One of the few among some 20 in-
terns invited back a second time,
Richmond spent the past summer at
Houston in research and design. He
received his undergraduate degree
with honors from the University in
June, 1968. When he returned to the
campus for his master's work, he also
held a graduate assistantship teaching
basic design courses.

Richmond plans to teach eventually
on a college level and will pursue
work on a Ph.D. He hopes to start a
new course in environmental design
with stress on total three-dimensional
space utilization.

He thinks it is likely that NASA will
have a mock-up built of his 60-man
spacecraft and let astronauts live in it
for varying periods of time on earth.
"We have to see how people will re-
act for different lengths of time in
space. There should be a system of
scheduling for work, recreation and
sleep that would let the men see dif-
ferent faces and sometimes one they
haven't seen for two or three days.
"No two meals would be identical
and dining facilities will be change-
able with two levels. Personal privacy
would be absolutely essential, too," he

The space station is approximately
the height of a 20-story building as it
sands now, but of course it could
change drastically," Richmond says.
"It is a completely dynamic design
that will be changed all the time." E

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