* CONGRESS IS NOW MOVING ON THE REMAINING KEY BILLS of the Kennedy-Johnson
program. These are the important measures fairly few in number that were
left hanging at the end of 1963. Legislative leaders think most of them will be law
by summer, when Congress quits to go home and campaign. Indeed, politics
will play a major role in shaping the session's success. If the President scores high,
he stands to do well in the November voting.
Johnson knows how to handle Congressmen-how to persuade .. and how to
punish. He has already pre-empted the issue of economy. By shutting down
military bases, he has silenced many spending-cutters. He still won't get his
way all the time-no President ever does. But his record will be good.
TAX CUTS AND CIVIL RIGHTS ARE GETTING TOP PRIORITY, of course, as in 1963. Tax
reduction is the heart of the Administration desire to stimulate business activity
and create jobs. Presidential maneuvering including the promises obtained from
certain leaders assures early action by the Senate. It still looks as if the with-
holding rates will have come down by April 1. Firms with automated accounting
may be writing bigger checks before then.
Civil rights faces a long Senate filibuster after the rough fight that's develop-
ing in the House. No one can say when the showdown vote will come. And
there's no way of telling what the provisions of the final version will prove
JOHNSON'S BUDGET FOR 1965 the 12 months that begin July 1 won't be cut much
by Congress. It's already tight. Note that Mr. Johnson has already performed the
"impossible" by cutting below this year's total. As a result, the deficit will be
actually be half that promised last fall by Mr. Kennedy. The White House realized
that this was a "must" from a political standpoint.
To sum up the rough dimensions of the new budget:
. Spending will run about $98 billion, down from the current year's $99
billion. Congress will find that it has a tough job just keeping the total down
to this in an election year.
. .Receipts are being projected at approximately $93 billion in fiscal 1965,
compared with this year's $90 billion a solid gain despite the tax cut that's
going to be in force.
S. The deficit will run $5 billion . down from this year's.
JOHNSON'S REVENUE ESTIMATES ASSUME A NEAR-BOOM in business for 1964.
Officials at the Treasury and the President's Council of Economic Advisers are
projecting close to a 7% rise in national output... up from this year's 5 %. Early
passage of the tax cut has been very basic to this calculation. The tax cut is count-
ed on to stimulate consumer buying which, in turn, will lead businessmen to add
more to inventory to avoid loss of sales for lack of the right size, color, quality, etc.
Finally, these increased demands are expected to induce industry to expand plant
at a faster clip in 1964.
This is by means the universal forecast, even within the various government
agencies. Certainly, many economists some in Washington as well as a
number in private industry see somewhat smaller gains in 1964. But near-
boom is the policy on which the Administration is basing its programs.
THE COMING "ATTACK ON POVERTY" PROGRAM is one reason why the budget will
grow, despite the sincere effort to trim it. It won't be a multi-billion dollar affair
such as some officials urge. But it will cost many hundreds of millions. The fact
that it will mean votes for Johnson is no liability.
Among the key features of the program may be such things as programs of
retraining for higher skills on a greater scale than ever before, plus grants for
building roads and other facilities to lure tourists and new industrial enter-
prises. (Continued on 3rd Cover)
Tkiu bihkIA a bna newI
Though its appearance bespeaks the
dignity of use and age, Merry's St. Augustine
Face Brick (9-145) is fresh from the kiln,
giving you the strength and uniformity of
What's more, you may choose from four
other Standard ranges or 100% of any one
of five colors. Custom ranges are yours at
slightly higher prices.
For more information, ask the Merry
representative who calls on you, or contact
the company direct.
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OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE FLORIDA ASSOCIATION OF ARCHITECTS
lo 7%4 Issue ---
Current Highlights . . .
. 2nd and 3rd Covers
Special Commendation For Design Excellence . . . .
By Lester C. Pancoast, A.I.A.
It Is Well To Know .................
By Archie G. Parrish, F.A.I.A., President Florida State Board
Wood Architecture And The Future . . . . .
By Earl M. Starnes, A.I.A.
Integration of Structure and Esthetics . . . . .
By R. J. Lyman
News and Notes
A.I.A. Building Products Register
Handbook Available .
Advertisers' Index .
FAA OFFICERS 1964
Roy M. Pooley, Jr., President, 233 E. Bay St., Jacksonville
William T. Arnett, First V.-Pres., University of Florida, Gainesville
Richard B. Rogers, Second V.-President, 511 No. Mills Street, Orlando
C. Robert Abele, Third V.-President, 550 Brickell Avenue, Miami
H. Leslie Walker, Secretary, 620 Twiggs St., Tampa
James Deen, Treasurer, 7500 Red Road, South Miami
BROWARD COUNTY: Thor Amlie, Robert G. Jahelka; DAYTONA BEACH:
David A. Leete; FLORIDA CENTRAL: Richard E. Jessen, Frank E. McLane,
Frank F. Smith, Jr.; FLORIDA NORTH: Thomas Larrick, James T. Lendrum;
FLORIDA NORTH CENTRAL: Forrest R. Coxen; FLORIDA NORTH WEST:
Barnard W. Hartman, Jr.; FLORIDA SOUTH: John O. Grimshaw, Herbert R.
Savage, Earl M. Starnes; JACKSONVILLE: A. Robert Broadfoot, C. A. Elling-
ham, Walter B. Schultz; MID-FLORIDA: Fred G. Owles, Jr., Joseph N. Wil-
liams; PALM BEACH: C. Ellis Duncan, Kenneth Jacobson, Hilliard T. Smith, Jr.
Director, Florida Region American Institute of Architects
Robert H. Levison, 425 South Garden Avenue, Clearwater, Florida
Executive Director, Florida Association of Architects
Fotis N. Karousatos, 3730 S. W. 8th Street, Coral Gables, Florida
H. Samuel Krus6, FAIA, Chairman; Wm. T. Arnett, Fred W. Bucky, Jr.,
B. W. Hartman Jr., Dana B. Johannes.
Revised Specifications 18
Record Tile Year 20
THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT, Official Journal of
the Florida Association of Architects of the
American Inisitute of Architects, Inc., is owned
and published by the Association, a Florida
Corporation not for profit. It is published
monthly at the Executive Office of the Asso-
ciation, 3730 S. W. 8th Street, Coral Gables
34, Florida; telephone, 448-7454.
Editorial contributions, including plans and
photographs of architects' work, are welcomed
but publication cannot be guaranteed. Opinions
expressed by contributors are not necessarily
those of the Editor or the Florida Association
of Architects. Editorial material may be freely
reprinted by other official AIA publications,
provided full credit is given to the author
and to The FLORIDA ARCHITECT for prior use.
. Advertisements of products, materials and
services adaptable for use in Florida are wel-
come, but mention of names or use of illus-
trations, of such materials and products in
either editorial or advertising columns does not
constitute endorsement by the Florida Associ-
ation of Architects. Advertising material must
conform to standards of this publication; and
the right is reserved to reject such material be-
cause of arrangement, copy or illustrations.
. Controlled circulation postage paid at
Miami, Florida. Single copies, 50 cents; sub-
scription, $5.00 per year;
. Printed by McMurray Printers.
FOTIS N. KAROUSATOS
VERNA SHAUB SHERMAN
H. P. ARRINGTON
Acting Circulation Manager
NUMBER 2 I964
THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT
7 r U,,c
Arch- C:,, PE.- Cc
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Palladiana Terrazzo...large flags of white marble in a white terrazzo matrix.., white metal divider strips create the pattern...
* Here is more terrazzo-an age-old type of flooring
that has kept itself as modern as tomorrow! Espe-
cially effective harmonies are obtained here by re-
combining in the floor, the colors, patterns and mate-
rials used elsewhere in the building Only with
terrazzo can you employ this basic decorative prin-
ciple The first cost of terrazzo is moderate and
according to the National Terrazzo & Mosaic Asso-
ciation the cost-per-year is lowest in the flooring field.
A product of GENERAL PORTLAND CEMENT COMPANY
OFFICES: CHICAGO CHATTANOOGA DALLAS FORT
WORTH HOUSTON FREDONIA, KAN. FORT WAYNE
JACKSON, MICH.-KANSAS CITY-TAMPA-MIAM ILOS ANGELES
Waterfront home of George Gordon in suburban Miami Beach.
CERTAINLY NOT LIKE THIS ,. -
Obviously, the electric installation on the .- "|'
roof of the main house (right) didn't work
out... cumbersome, noisy, uneconomical are -
just a few of the adjectives. So out it came! '
And now compare the natural gas absorption '
unit (below) which replaced it. No wonder i "
that . where convenience, ease of servicing,
quiet operation, economy and just plain old- 7
fashioned beauty are important .. more and
more Florida architects are switching to ".
scaping, only the artist's arrow shows
your institutional and commercial clients, contact your
locathe natural gas unit's location.
Yet it is easily accessible without dis-
turbing the family on the rare occasions
When servicing is needed.
ASSOCIATION, P. 0. BOX 1658, SARASOTA, FLORIDA. -
4 THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT
ASCTO P 0. . .. S-, LO
4 THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT
Speciad Cowmeendatcon 7aor Deie n Ec&aace ...
By LESTER C. PANCOAST, AIA
Dr. Shirley Cooper. Deputy Executive Secretary of the American Ass:ciation
of School Administrators, has announced that the Miami architectural firm
of PANCOAST, FERENDINO. GRAFTON. SKEELS & BURNHAM have received
special commendation for design excellence for their project of the classroom
and administration building of the Miami-Dade Junior College, recently
The award jury of three architects and three educators considered 325 school
buildings from all sections of the United States. Thirty schools were selected,
and all received the award of special commendation.
A workable plan for a complex educational plant. Space well utilized. The
architecture is serene and simple but strong and expressive. Excellent
handling of traffic in a large plant.
As a result of this award the Miami-Dade Junior College will be displayed at
the School Administrators' National Contention in Atlantic City on February
15-19, 1964. The school will also be featured in a film strip to be distributed
Precast Concrete umbrellas now lead to the South entrance of the Administration
Building; they will ultimately connect all major elements.
Railing wall units serve also as resting places for students.
While learning whatever possible
from his client an architect should ex-
plain his work, to expose his decision-
making logic and aesthetic rational. If
the client is as multiple as the students
and faculty of a junior college, he
might well use the college newspaper
for this effort.
Collectively we have given birth to
an animal from which we can begin to
learn just how well we understood in
1962 and 1963 how to begin an air-
conditioned South Florida Junior Col-
lege. This first new building animal
is beginning to deal with the man
animal, pushing him about and quali-
fying his moods and functions, and
being heavily used and qualified by
man: total involvement. Unlike ships
(to which we have emotionally awarded
sex) building animals remain "its."
Certainly the temporary, non-human-
izing name of "Building A" gives only
one clue: that it is the first of a group.
But now, "the new building" and its
lost lake are adrift out there in the
dusty but sometimes flooded concrete
and asphalt windswept steppes of what
still wants to be Masters Airfield for
"Building B," which we will be
able to call the library, or less prob-
ably, the learning resources center, is
at this writing taking form on the
drafting tables. The library will join
"Building A" against the elements; the
Window slits of glare reducing glass occur in corners of standard class-
rooms, give reference to outdoors without costly sun control devices.
area between the two will become a
space, a place, a "there."
The glass tile mural inside the south
entrance shows the initially projected
idea of the family group. Hopefully
the buildings will be given proper
names (such as Snodgrass Hall) and
be loved, endured and inevitably
brutalized by those who foul theii
A third building of the family ar-
rives, and the lake area begins to be
described as the inner campus and
everything else the outer. The outer
campus is surrendered to 6,000 auto-
mobiles. The inner is spacious, cool,
man-made, rational, and may the gods
be praised, the trees are becoming
Now Snodgrass Hall, once "Build-
ing A," once alone, never a successful
prima donna, may introvert itself-
/ shall we say herself-as much as she
likes because she approaches her in-
tended role: that of a great coordin-
ated collection of introverted spaces
for administration and teaching..
Though the library may be born a
more cheerful extrovert enjoying views
of the lake and spacious interior
rooms, and other members of the
family will have their special charms
which will result from their special
purposes, Snodgrass's skylighted con-
course will be the essential pivot of
the college no matter how large the
Air-conditioning is a recent phe-
nomenon in Florida schools; with our
belief that de-humidified education
and compacted school plants can be
more efficient, there is also a cer-
tainty that daily costs of operating
air-conditioning plants must be mini-
mum. Large areas of glass, and par-
ticularly sun heated glass, are enemies
of practical air-conditioning.
Initial budgets precluded costly
overhangs cf the glass they would pro-
tect, yet the concept of having a vast
three story structure with no reference
to the out-doors was earnestly rejected;
the man animal is lost and bewildered
who is unable to check on the weather
or to recall how high above the ground
he is. The slit windows evolved,
shielded by dark, heat-reducing, glare-
reducing glass. To their designers the
slits seemed in character with the
modular precast exterior. Their verti-
cal alignment always announcing the
structural rhythm of the building, or
sometimes making varied balanced
(Continued on Page 7)
THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT
i--- 7 ~
4 x 12 foot panels are striated to indicate interior spaces and to help the massive
structure retain a sense of scale; panel-strengthening ribs pair off to provide delicacy
and shadows to exterior facades.
Design Excellence . .
(Continued from Page 6)
patterns within the structural bays.
From the interiors the slits define the
corners of the standard class rooms,
make much of the exposed concrete
columns, and allow discreet peeking
at the expense of day dreaming, star
gazing, tree watching, real estate spec-
ulation, cloud drifting and desert scan-
Gazing from appropriate openings
in buildings will be very much a part
of the life on the campus. A library
reader will be able to change his focal
distance through glass walls carefully
protected from the sun, and because of
glass a diner in the cafeteria will be
visually suspended above the lake.
From glass windows and from grilled
openings, such as those in the con-
course of Snodgrass Hall, other build-
ings will be seen point-blank. White,
or even light value surfaces reflect our
splendid sunlight if the entire family
of buildings around the lake wears
the same tailored yellow-grey, green-
grey, pinky-grey precast clothing of
Snodgrass Hall. The naked, unsquint-
ing student's eye will be able to stare
at the faces of the buildings in the
(Continued on Page 8)
Glass mosaic and natural concrete central
well of three-story concourse give oppor-
tunity for social encounter and easy tran-
sition from air-conditioned classrooms
for the hot sun.
--W-MM --WMMWAW=W= r8=M
Design Excellence ...
(Continued from Page 7)
Can the collective soft dullness of
the precast exteriors be countered with
stair towers covered with white glass
mosaic, which is also maintenance-
free, and which also will grow old
gracefully? Can interiors be brighten-
ed with alternating nine-matched-color
system, two colors different on each
floor, and bold entrances be further
marked with cheerful yellow? Can
this plan survive the freshly-painted
eternal "temporaries," the left over
military buildings of most campuses?
If Israel made her desert bloom, so
can a junior college in north-west
Miami. Although carefully controlled
gifts may eventually play a part in
landscaping the campus, the great ef-
fort must be organized and controlled
by the college itself, the architects
have provided a landscape plan under
the direction of an enthusiastic and
capable landscape architect.
The plan encompasses tree-shaded
parking, a botanical garden to separ-
ate the campus from the scratchy
commercialism of 27th Avenue and
giant selected-season blooming trees
to reflect in the lake. Several varieties
of sculpture-trunked aerial-rooted Fi-
cus trees are called on, as well as
extraordinary future giants called Bi-
schoffia Javanica; which grow fast,
behave well in a hurricane, do not
drop their leaves, bear attractive but
non-nuisance fruit, and are eminently
tropical. Bischoffias make splendid
places for students to relax and congre-
gate. In this climate the achievement
of all this is possible within a few
While these natural trees will make
great areas of shade, there are already
to be considered the man-made trees
which will connect all buildings: in-
directly lighted, non-dripping concrete
parasols side by side, sized to move in
any direction and to be received into
the entrances they serve. Typical
Miami traumatic transition from air-
conditioned spaces to sun-baked con-
crete will be avoided.
Everywhere in the buildings now
being built and designed there appears
the statement and re-statement of a
fundamental reality: These are build-
(Continued on Page 21)
College Master Plan relates existing military buildings (lower right) to new complex which will surround a recently excavated
architectural lake. Square building at end of lake is the Administration and Classroom Building discussed in this article.
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THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT
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provide th neeteoo ie fcnrt lc
comine wit th pefranc ofgae pcf
SPECTR-GLZ Unt to mee requirements
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ditiue locally. -
SPETR-GLZE Glze Stutra nt
Complete th Cocrt MaorSse
It Is Well To Know...
By ARCHIE G. PARISH, FAIA
Florida State Board of Architecture
The responsibility to train and provide practical experience to subordin-
ates falls upon the architects of today . the President here discusses
the importance of this.
With the advent of the New Year,
your Board again prepares to supervise
the written examinations of those who
aspire to secure registration as archi-
tects in Florida.
At this writing the tabulations will
not have been completed as to those
who have passed and those who have
failed to pass the January examina-
tions. It is regretted that based on
past experience, more than sixty per-
cent of those taking the examinations
will have failed one or more of the
After each examination, the Board
receives various comments from some
of the unsuccessful candidates as to
the reasons why they have failed to
successfully pass the tests. Some have
merit; others are merely excuses to
cover personal lack of preparedness.
It is felt that we who are registered
and who employ these young men and
women who are striving to secure reg-
istration may, at some point, have
overlooked phases of affording prac-
tical experience to them which would
have adequately prepared them to
cope with the examinations given.
Your board has always striven to
prepare examinations which are fair
and objective and which will give defi-
nite information as to the fitness of
examinees to assume their places in
the field of professional architecture.
It is granted that the examinations
are not easy, nor should they be. No
less a burden is placed upon the reg-
istered architect in community respon-
sibility than is placed upon those in
the other professions be they law,
medicine or other profesisonal activi-
ty. All must meet the rigid yardstick
of qualification if we are to continue
to merit the respect and approbation
of those whom we serve.
Bearing the above thoughts in
mind, how are we to improve the in-
ternship of these candidates for reg-
istration. We must think back to our
own "fledgling" days-what steps did
we take to secure the basic experience
which enabled us to pass these tests.
I am sure that by going back through
our field of experience, we can recall
problems which will benefit our pres-
As in any other business or profes-
sion, we must possess a deep pride in
our profession. We must hold para-
mount the fact that ethics are the key-
stone upon which a successful career
will be built. We must stress this to
our subordinates so that they will be
fully aware of the fact that proper
professional administration is as ne-
cessary as any other phase of opera-
tion. The aspiring candidate should
be given the opportunity for assisting
in client relations so that he will know
what is expected of him and how he
must conduct himself in establishing
a sound practice.
We can also assist him in securing
a full and well rounded experience in
design and in site planning. Ideas and
suggestions which may be advanced
by him should be given sympathetic
hearing. We can all recall in our
younger days, our feelings of frustra-
tion when we advanced designs and
ideas to our superiors which were
passed over with the comment that
such were idealistic and impractical.
Yet today, many of those suggestions
have now been thoroughly imbedded
in modern architectural design. They
have proven themselves. When ideas
advanced are impractical it should be
explained why they are so. If there
are portions which may be adapted,
explore them and if they are found to
be sound, utilize them where possible.
We should give the subordinate the
opportunity of field experience away
from the drafting board on structures
and building construction. It is agreed
that much in these fields can be learn-
ed from texts, yet there never has been
a substitute for actual experience in
training one to understand why cer-
tain things must be done.
An effort should be made to impress
upon the subordinate the value of
having an excellent knowledge of the
history of architecture. He should be
made to realize that through such
knowledge he will reap the benefits
of the thinking of the outstanding
members of his profession through the
centuries. Through such knowledge,
he will have at his mind's command
a veritable wealth of experience.
In summation we, the architects of
the present, have the definite respon-
sibility to train those who are to fol-
low in our footsteps. We must insure
that, in the future, the profession of
architecture will be held in high es-
teem; it is the legacy we can leave
which will be remembered far into
the future. No more fitting monu-
ment can be erected to any man, than
that of a student, who through out-
standing accomplishment, reflects the
training of his mentor.
Throughout the coming year, let us
all combine our talents to insure that
aspiring applicants will be worthy of
the title "Architect" upon registration.
THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT
In this one operation...
Installation of Homasote "4-Way" Floor Decking
Architects: Samuel Paul, A.I.A. and Seymour Jarmul, A.I.A.
Three-ply, wood-fibre construction makes Homasote "4-Way"
SUPER STRONG for sub-flooring. You can nail each 2' x 8'
panel directly to floor joists and set partitions right on top. No
additional fitting and cutting of underlayment. Homasote's re-
siliency makes it a perfect base for wall to wall carpeting. This
same resilience cuts down noise transmission, makes "4-Way"
especially attractive for garden apartments and motels. Greater
density and weatherproof construction of "4-Way" provide con-
stant resistance to moisture, dampness and air penetration-ter-
mite and fungus protected, too! Write for samples and bulletins.
Approved by B.O.C.A. (#54-15) and S.B.C.C. (6330)
F.H.A. Materials Release #460.
3.00o Trenton 3, New Jersey
HOMASOTE COMPANY, Dept. B-2
Trenton 3, N.J.
I want complete information on your new4-Way
Floor Decking, as checked.
I Send D Send O Have represent-
S bulletins sample ative call
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some people think he has
nothing on his mind but women
THEY COULD BE RIGHT!
He knows that modern women not only like living
electrically they want more of it! Women want it
by the house-full.
And by the same token, the woman-pleasing answer
to a new home or apartment is one that merits the
Buyers and renters have been pre-sold that the
MEDALLION offers the most in Better Living Elec-
trically. They look for it.
electric homes sell faster . all-electric apartments
Realtors recognize that the MEDALLION is a power-
ful selling aid . today's "best seller" in the new
Architects are fully aware that MEDALLION HOMES
permit the utmost flexibility in design. In kitchen
and laundry, flameless electric appliances are tops
Electrical Contractors know that MEDALLION
HOMES with major electric appliance installations ...
and modern lighting. . and Full Housepower wiring
... just naturally add up to more business.
Every segment of the building industry benefits by
the trend to all-electric living . and by the tremen-
dous, multi-million dollar, national advertising program
for MEDALLION HOMES, backed up locally by
Florida's electric companies.
The "switch" is on to MEDALLION HOMES
and apartments throughout Florida. It's a fact:
MEDALLION certifications in 1963 were 37% higher
than in 1962 in the area served by Florida's four
investor-owned electric companies.
You can profit by participating in the MEDALLION
HOME program. For full details, call your electric
utility company . .always at your service!
More and More it is Recognized that
A "MEDALLION" ON THE OUTSIDE MEANS BETTER LIVING INSIDE
Basic requirements for homes or apartments certified for the
MEDALLION HOME AWARD are:
* ALL-ELECTRIC KITCHEN includ-
ing electric range, electric water
heater, and other major electric
* FULL HOUSEPOWER 100-200
amp. service entrance and enough
switches and outlets for modern
* LIGHT FOR LIVING ample
lighting provision for comfort,
safety and beauty.
Florida's Electric Companies T., -" 1'' li"-. Investor-Owned
FLORIDA POWER & LIGHT COMPANY E5 FLORIDA POWER CORPORATION
GULF POWER COMPANY TAMPA ELECTRIC COMPANY
74 Re& 4 Wood lot 1%idetetone...
- Architecture -
and The Future
ieaim annaeren:s By EARL M. STARNES, AIA evs:: wMX^^
At the Annual Meeting of the
South East Section of the Forest
Products Research Society held
early December 1963 ... the then
President of the Florida South
Chapter of AIA surveyed the use
of wood in Architecture. His ad-
dress is reproduced in its entirety.
What role does wood play in this
fabric of Architecture?
It has, of course, had the ancient
and significant role of structure-
From the time man began to collect
sticks and place these sticks in a fash-
ion that provided him with support
for sheltering materials, such as
thatch, wood became an inseparable
part of the history of Architecture and
the science of construction. We have
in equatorial Africa constructors today
who follow the methods of the use
of wood in structures that are 2000
Wood has been used as timber
shapes, columns, beams, struts, rafters
and so on, with as little modification
from the tree trunk forms as possible.
This method of post and beam and
"A" frame construction for forming
roofs has so long been the methods of
roof framing that the entire concept
of structural engineering was devel-
oped around it. And it has dominated
the thinking of Architects and Struc-
tural Engineers until the most recent
The method of post and beam
framing has been clarified and puri-
fied if you will by the laminat-
ing processes developed for structural
timbers primarily since the 1940's.
Prior to that time we were limited to
structural considerations employing
the use of lumber sizes. Maximum
practical sizes of lumber from a man-
ufacturing standpoint, distribution
standpoint, and from an inherent lim-
itation in wood itself then limited our
spans and the spaces roofed with wood.
In the recent years we have begun
to use wood in more liberal manners
structurally because of the freedom
from prior limitations. Lamination
of structural members has allowed a
growth in our space considerations,
columns or supports can be placed
with more concern for building use.
The very shape of building structures
is almost unlimited today. With lam-
inated members we can design and
build domes, interesting "A" framed
structures, vaults of various sizes and
shapes and highly refined post and
One of the real values to the Ar-
chitect in the use of laminated wood
structure is the ability to select finish
faces for exposed structures, which
with lumber is always an ardorous
task, and often impossible.
In this discussion of laminated
structural sections rather than specu-
late as to what I think the future will
be, I would pose a few probelms that
must be solved to extend and broaden
this particular use of wood. The most
critical of all is the need for better
systems of joining. Recently I was
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studying a book describing the Archi-
tecture of Japan and in this book are
several illustrations describing beam
and column and rafter details. Gentle-
men, these people knew more about
joining structural wood members with
a sense of truth and beauty a thousand
years ago than we do today. Some
of these examples still stand as mute
evidence of an understanding in wood
construction we struggle to achieve.
A second concern in the realm of
laminated timber is the premium cost
on members utilizing compound
curves. This, of course, requires three
dimensional jigs but in designing
spaces it sometimes is necessary to
terminate structure on compound
curved axis. A third consideration is
the potential in stock piling structural
shapes much as the manufacturers of
other structural materials have found
to be good business. This also includes
the possibility that the rectangular
section might some day be abandoned
for a more efficient structural wood
section. I think the future will bring
better and more adequate methods of
control from the consumers stand-
point in purchasing laminated timber.
Aesthetically the Architect will be able
to harmoniously wed structure and
space to enhance a way of building.
Since, at this point we seem to be
deeply involved in wood as a struc-
tural material, let us consider the
growth of stud, plate and rafter con-
construction as applied to light build-
ings, such as homes, and small com-
mercial structures. We, of course, in-
herited balloon framing from our
forefathers. Today it is consistently
used in wood frame constructions
without material changes until we get
to the roof. At this point, I would
remind you that a frame wall of
studs, plates and plywood sheathing
outside and inside measuring 4' by 8'
has a total of ten pieces of material
and takes longer to construct in the
field than a concrete block wall of the
same dimension using 36 pieces of
material. The only progress here is
by the prefaber who can in very short
order construct such a wall panel.
However, this has not broadly affected
the use of light frame structure in
walls. The development of larger com-
ponents for walls is necessary to give
the designers a tool with which to
work. When we consider the light
frame roof the story is quite different.
Here in the past 15 years prefabricated
light roof trusses have been developed
and imaginatively marketed and have
in many areas of the land begun to
dominate light frame roof construc-
tion for houses and small commercial
structures. This is an efficient and
sound use of small wood sections and
has resulted in much construction
economy and freer planning of spaces
The future of light construction in
wood structure is not too bright un-
less components, panels, and methods
of erection can be improved and de-
veloped. It is certainly an area of
concern that should be studied and
considered, so that a more fruitful
service can be rendered the construc-
tion industry. The use of wood com-
bined with other materials will be a
great help as these products are more
As we continue to screen the field
of wood and structure I would like to
mention the extensive use of pole
buildings. I believe one of the con-
tributing factors in this mode of
building is the simplification and di-
versification of members of chemical-
ly treated wood to create a rot and
insect resistant product. At present
most of the pole structures are utility
buildings such as animal sheds, grain
storage houses and open equipment
shelters. As I have recently driven
through North Carolina, I am cur-
rently reminded that the many of the
pole structures are of significant vin-
I believe, however, that a method
mentioned recently being developed
by the Minnesota Farm and Home
Science laboratory in a new way of
framing pole buildings should foretell
a future for these structures. It, and
I am not prepared to describe the
method, will save 95% of the lumber
used in pole structures and increase
the load supporting abliity by 25%.
Perhaps this new method and the re-
newed interest recently expressed by
Architects will increase the use of pole
structures in such buildings as vaca-
tion houses. We, in our office, have
recently investigated its use in a mo-
tel where the site problem dictated a
raised structure. We did, however,
yield to serious objections and used
a masonry system.
A few words could be shared con-
cerning the use of wood in the excit-
ing and exotic new concepts in shell
structures of all categories. Since Felix
(Continued on Page 16)
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Specify A432 FLORIDA
STEEL Reinforcing Bars...
a rigidly controlled product of
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JACKSONVILLE FT. MYERS
WEST PALM BEACH
(Continued from Page 15)
Candella, Architect-engineer, really in-
troduced these structures to the world
twenty years ago, we have seen hyper-
bolic paraboloids, warped shells, sad-
dle structures, vaults and arches of all
shapes and sizes built of wood. All
shell structures are generated by
straight line construction, thus lumber
is an applicable material, generally
being used as a solid decking warping
to the conformation necessary to gen-
erate the beautiful twisting and con-
torting planes of these shells. Also a
method used has been similar to an
actually lamella construction. Here
again, the construction is all straight
lines but with lamella we must fill
the voids between the supporting
I think it is through this imagina-
tive and impressive use of wood and
its products that we again see a re-
birth of architecture with appropriate
One of our prime problems in de-
veloping structural systems of warped
planes is the fact that sheet materials
such as plywood will not warp in the
compound curves necessary to achieve
the convolutions of the thin shells.
As an interesting sidelight at this
point, I would like to relate an ex-
perience our firm had with a thin
shell structure. As the design for a
small church developed we selected a
series of thin shells to span the 100'
by 50' floor area. We elected to use
sections of hyperbolic paraboloids and
these there are ten of them were
arranged in such a way that the roof
expressed a very tent-like quality. My
story here really is not concerned with
roof shape but methods. We explored
three materials for construction, steel,
concrete, and wood. After a detailed
cost analysis, we found a slight advan-
tage in the concrete method. How-
ever, the most significant advantage,
and I think it is inherent, in the use
of concrete, was the lack of joining
problem. Concrete, when wet, can be
placed in almost any shape or form,
and when it sets continuity of struc-
ture is assured. With wood in pieces
and steel in pieces this was not pos-
sible. Perhaps with skin stressing sys-
tems and research we can develop
simpler systems of building compound
curve structures. The future will sure-
ly bring more and varied problems in
the future. Certainly some exciting
solutions will evolve.
A few minutes ago I asked the ques-
tion "What role does wood play in
the fabric of Architecture?"
I have been working with the broad
brush of a water colorist across the
field of structure structure using
wood and wood products.
Now perhaps to proceed, we should
continue with wood as a weathering in
material. This brings up the general
classification of siding and roofing.
Recent statistics on the use of wood
as an exterior material in house con-
struction indicate a downward trend.
In 1940, 43% of houses built used
wood exteriors, in 1954, 31% of
houses built had wood exteriors, and
in 1956 only 24% of new houses built
featured outside wood. The source of
these statistics was Mr. Gene Brewer,
President of United States Plywood
Corporation and one who is eminently
concerned with the sale of wood prod-
ucts. Mr. Brewer also stated, "that
wood windows are on the same roller
coaster. In 1940 the trend line goes
from 91% in new one family houses
to 57% in 1956."
,From the architects point of view
let us examine some of the reasons
why this trend and what, if anything,
can be done about it. Perhaps we
should examine some of the environ-
mental weapons at constant work to
destroy our buildings: sun the heat
and auxiliary rays of this source of
energy tend to increase oxidation, re-
move moisture and change tempera-
tures of building surfaces, rain the
bearing of injurious chemicals and the
inherent damage of wetting, erosion
- from the wind and wind born par-
ticles, the affects of great changes
in air temperatures. The combination
of these forces pinpoints one of our
most serious considerations in the use
of wood. Its durability. I know that
wood as a natural material has tre-
mendous longevity. In Finn Maniers
book Wood in Architecture he points
out beautiful wood details in a barn
dating from about 1550 now exhibited
in Finland. In this case it is a beau-
tiful half timber structure infilled with
tapered sticks which was the reinforc-
ing for the clay stucco then used.
As we travel about the world we can
see many examples of this great life
span of wood. Just last summer I
studied wooden houses built in Sa-
vannah in the 18th century. I believe
the secret of this wood life is to allow
the wood itself the freedom of air
and light. It must be permanently
sealed against all enrivonmental af-
fects or designed in such a way that it
becomes a total part of the environ-
ment. Chemical treating provides rot
resistance and is certainly advisable in
detailing the wood to allow it to be
its own best protector of itself. We
have found great success with non-
sealing type finishes in this locale and
continue to use wood as an excellent
The use of wood for roofing evolv-
ed through the eons of history from
great slabs to the present day shingle
or shape. I believe these will be con-
tinued in use where certain aesthetic
principals of architectural design are
employed. They have served well for
centuries and will serve in the future..
Another reason that the trend is
away from the use of wood is again
our old problem of joining. Proper
joining requires a level of craftsman-
ship that in general we find in con-
struction non-existant. I do not de-
plore this but find it a reality we
must live with when designing ex-
terior wall systems in wood. This is
another area of research that can bear
fruit for future use of wood products.
The recent application of relatively
inert materials to wood back up prod-
ucts will certainly enhance and con-
tribute to the new uses of wood as a
weathering material. These materials
ostensibly add to the life of wood
exteriors and will certainly enliven
facades with color and texture. Con-
sistently throughout recent literature
concerning the use of wood products
we find reference to the joint use of
wood and other products. A fine ex-
pression of this idea I found in the
same speech by Mr. Gene Brewer,
who stated, "take wood and weld it
to the best of the new materials and
we will have a product as workable,
as modern, and as beautiful as there
is in the world. Above all, you will
have a product which will continue
to hold its place in the home and the
general economy. Take wood and by
continued research and development-
tireless development-adapt it to the
needs and desires of the builders, ar-
chitects, designers, manufacturers and
consumers in general and I'm confi-
dent we can regain much of the lost
(Continued on Page 19)
THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT
74e stetic4 O0 Pre4tes4ed onrete ...
Integration Of Structure And Esthetics
By R. J. LYMAN
Prestressed Concrete Institute
At a dinner meeting of the Florida
Central Chapter of the AIA held
early December 1963, in St. Peters-
burg ... the Executive Director of
the PCI discussed the aesthetics
of prestressed concrete . and
outlined the results of prestressed
concrete structures when good
architectural and engineering judg-
ment are used without regard for
selfish commercial or political in-
terests. His address is reproduced
here in its entirety.
It is always a pleasure to return to
the friendly Florida climate, renew
acquaintances with many old friends,
and see some new faces, with the
prospect of cultivating new friends. It
is an especially friendly atmosphere to
me, because the Prestressed Concrete
Institute was founded in Florida,
nearly ten years ago, by a very pro-
gressive group of Florida producers
who could see the tremendous future
of the then young industry.
This past year one of our foremost
accomplishments was the conductance
of our First Annual PCI Awards Pro-
gram-a program of awards based on
the design judged most worthy as a
contribution to the advancement of
prestressed concrete. A very distin-
guished jury of three architects and
two engineers, all nationally promi-
nent in their professions, analyzed
and judged over 100 submissions. Pre-
stressed concrete, as evidenced by this
review of work from the offices of
many of the countries leading archi-
tects, large and small, gives promise to
being capable of capturing the imagi-
nation of the architectural profession
when creatively designed by men of
profound imagination and integrity.
The possibilities of using prestressed
concrete designs are limited only by
the imagination of the architect and
the engineer. It has been proven over
and over again that this versatile mate-
rial can be used economically, with
many plus advantages in all types of
buildings, structures and bridges. The
long, shallow beams and column free
areas in buildings, plus the natural
aesthetics of prestressed concrete,
make it a material which in many
applications is an idea. The engineer
definitely likes the fire resistive quali
ties, the desirability of high density
concrete from a finish and durability
standpoint, and the long term savings
of no painting or relatively mainte-
nance free structures. In addition, the
building contractor is amazed at the
simplicity of prestressed concrete con-
struction, and the many time saving
techniques made possible by this mat-
erial. When steel and concrete are
combined together in the best manner,
based on good architectural and en-
gineering judgement, without regard
for selfish commercial or political in-
terests, the result is safe, durable, aes-
thetic, and economical structures of
On every side, the discerning stu-
dent of building construction can per-
ceive a changing attitude toward archi-
tectural design; this attitude is more
than a trend; it amounts to a changed
concept. I believe that there is an
increasing desire among architects to
portray a human warmth in their
buildings, a warmth that has been
lacking in recent decades. This is a
human appreciation and relationship,
which is considerably above and be-
yond merely providing structures
which function and work well. It is
what I choose to call "functioning
with feeling", or transforming a cold,
mathematical machined type structure
by giving it space and a chance to
breathe individually. Good architects
are concerned with this desire for
warmth and finding a valid modern
answer to color, texture, plasticity,
light and shadow, and spaciousness.
When I was in grade school, I was
intrigued by the word "onomatopoeia"
- making the sound suit the sense.
The architect can do the same by pro-
viding a structural image that does
(Continued on Page 19)
News & Notes
Products Register ...
The 3rd Edition of The American
Institute of Architects' BUILDING
PRODUCTS REGISTER will be
published in March, 1964, according
to William H. Scheick, AIA Execu-
Developed after 12 years of study,
the REGISTER was created as a tech-
nical reference for architects, engineers
and other construction industry spe-
cifiers. It provides a fingertip-fast
source of factual product data at the
initial stage of material selection, pri-
or to research into more detailed in-
A new look will introduce the 3rd
REGISTER edition. It will be in the
standard 82" x 11" size with a hard
cloth-bound cover. This change from
the previous edition makes it easier
to handle and, for example, to keep
with Sweet's Architectural Catalog
File and other bound product litera-
ture. In addition to AIA File Num-
bers, the REGISTER also uses
Sweet's 1964 File Numbers for quick
cross-reference. Product data, within
27 different categories, paralleling
those of Sweet's, are condensed into
three-line listings across two pages
under an average of two dozen per-
tinent criteria headings.
Other REGISTER features in-
clude: Abstracts of Technical Stand-
ards, Testing Methods, Specifications
and Manufacturer Association Stand-
ards and Literature; general informa-
tion on proper product use; a Product
Type Index; an Index of Manufactur-
ers; a Trade Names Index; a Direc-
tory of Organizations and a List of
Abbreviations. Heavy stock dividers
between categories, also indexed, will
further assist the speed of search.
The Board of Directors of the In-
stitute has approved free distribution
of one free copy of the REGISTER
to each AIA Corporate Member re-
questing it. Additional copies are
available to members at the prepaid
price of $15 prior to publication Feb-
ruary 29, 1964. Thereafter the price
will be $20.
The AIA Board has also approved
sale of the REGISTER to non-mem-
ber architects, engineers, specifiers
and others in the construction indus-
try, as well as to the public, on the
same basis-$15 prepaid prior to pub-
lication, $20 after February 29. All
orders of five or more copies will re-
ceive a 25% discount. Each Manu-
facturer-Lister will receive one com-
For copies of the REGISTER,
write the AIA BUILDING PROD-
UCTS REGISTER, The American
Institute of Architects, 1735 New
York Avenue, N.W., Washington,
D. C., 20006. Make checks payable
to "The American Institute of Archi-
Revised Specifications ...
The Steel Structures Painting Coun-
cil has announced the publication of
a revised set of specifications designed
to guide architects, structural and
maintenance engineers and steel fab-
ricators in the preparation of steel
surfaces for painting. The updated
standards are the result of the SSPC's
findings over a 10-year period and
(Continued on Page 20)
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THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT
(Continued from Page 16)
Back to our original question
"What role does wood play in the
fabric of Architecture?"
We have considered structure,
weathering surfaces, walls and roofs,
and now find ourselves looking at all
the myriad possibilities of interior
finishes, cabinets, doors, trim, and
floors. This list of products past, pres-
ent, and future could go on for a long
time. However, I believe one point
should be noted as to some trends
and possible future developments.
When wood building finish prod-
ucts evolved from the lumber panel
stage to the sheet plywood panel stage
a comparable thing happened in the
architectural world of reason. Meis
van der Rohe professed "Less is more"
and the gauntlet of simplicity was
thrown to the architects of the world.
We then began to see the exquisite
use of the new flat sheet wood mater-
ials inside, outside, everywhere in
buildings. Almost a complete lack of
trim, and in many cases unfortunately
so. As is the fashion, however, we
soon discovered the need for joining
to truly express the panels. Today the
panels are still used in the finest
room interiors in completely coordi-
nated systems of revealed trim and
applied trim with doors and other
openings set in and beautifully de-
tailed. The future unfolds all manner
of useful purposes for wood products
to improve the environment.
Wood will never be surpassed as a
poetic expression of man's deepest re-
lationship to nature through architec-
ture. It is warm to the sight, it is kind
to the touch and it is implicit to
quality. I always think of the advice
given to the Japanese wood worker;
never finish wood with a tool, always
use the hand. I think somehow we
must use our minds as our hands and
consider wood, its products and its
by-products in this kind of poetic
I have answered only three roles
wood plays in Architecture. Structure,
weathering materials, and interior fin-
ishes. Others include concrete frame-
work, and centering for all types of
construction. The total use of wood
and its products for instance amounts
to approximately 12% of the con-
struction dollar on ordinary motel
structures. It is exceeded only by the
combined mechanical and electrical
work in buildings of this nature. The
picture is bright, with imagination
and foresight the role wood can play
will continue to be significant.
In the next 50 years we in this
great land will duplicate our present
existing buildings-a big job is ahead.
Prestressed Concrete ...
(Continued from Page 17)
properly and warmly what it looks like
it should do.
Along with the desire for human-
ism in our buildings is the desire to
find and use significant and meaning-
ful forms. In all parts of the country,
there is a great search to find new
expressive ways to produce forms and
shapes more exciting than the square
and rectilinear boxes which seem to
have become the vogue. But right
now, and perhaps influenced by such
examples as Saarinen's huge winged
TWA terminal at Idlewild and large
wing at Dulles Airport, there is an
appreciative recognition among imagi-
native architects that most anything
is possible. Practically no span is too
great, materials can be molded and
shaped into almost any sort of sculp-
tured surface, we can build, connect,
and support in almost any manner.
There are those who feel we must take
advantage of every avenue of approach
and construct every form and shape
that appears to be beautiful and at the
same time functional to its purpose.
Gradually, however, rationalism along
with economy has a way of permeat-
ing and tempering this atmosphere to
preserve some discipline in applying
form and shape.
Still another aspect that architec-
tural design has taken today is the
growing cognizance among architects
of the rapidly advancing technology
of building construction. Architects
can no longer afford to pass over these
advancements by giving them simple
lip service. They are coming too fast
and are so apparent that they require
proper consideration and use. Much
more thought is now being given to
providing structural members, exposed
on the interior of the building, as
well as on the exterior, which are so
proportioned and designed that they
become attractive and decorative, as
well as serving the structural function.
It is becoming more and more ap-
parent that elemental prefabrication
of structural building components
needs an amplified translation into
our multi-story structures.
Every ambitious architect has the
desire to design exciting buildings that
span large areas easily and answer the
needs of their clients. But along with
this desire of accomplishment must
come the desire to perform this de-
sign functionally, beautifully, and eco-
nomically. And of course to achieve
this plane of attainment, every effort
must be expended to take maximum
advantage of the advanced design and
construction techniques, including use
of methods and materials which are
consistent with the latest technology,
bringing to the structure the advan-
tages that these technologies can pro-
After talking with many of your
colleagues across this wide country,
I am convinced that architects in gen-
eral have a strong desire to make
their buildings more human with a
natural warmth and more appealing;
there is a basic urge to show creative
originality in the buildings they are
designing; and there is a sincere effort
being made to employ the latest build-
ing and construction techniques. I
don't say that prestressed concrete is
the panacea of all your troubles, the
famed cure-all elixir, or the answer to
all your design problems, I do say
that use of prestressed concrete is
worthy of investigation when the
needs of the situation demand an
economy of construction, a freedom
from maintenance problems, an ease
and simplicity in field construction
never before demonstrated, an essen-
tially controlled quality, and a flexi-
bility both in adaptability to mechani-
cal requirements, and in the possibility
of physical alteration that is so im-
portant today. The elements of mem-
bers and shapes of prestressed con-
crete which are offered by our indus-
try everywhere today do provide a
maximum efficiency combined with
beauty for the architect's imaginative
use of space.
We can fill all your design needs
for any type, size or shape of
cast bronze or aluminum
plaques, name panels or dec-
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the profile spells
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E Snow white opal luminaires
in satin matte finished
glass offer a periphery of
softly diffused light for today's
architectural designs. Choice of
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Write for Catalog No. G-14
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FATOIE: anLendo aif
News & Notes
(Continued from Page 18)
the work of an advisory panel estab-
lished by the group in 1960 to draft
The new edition is the first step in
the SSPC's program to streamline all
its specifications by the end of 1964.
Among the numerous improvements
incorporated, two were included to
meet long-standing needs: a new sec-
tion devoted to descriptions of pre-
pared surfaces which offer the user a
yardstick in specifying his blast-clean-
ing requirements; and the addition of
a specification covering a new, inter-
mediate grade of blast cleaning called,
Current revisions also reflect the
Council's efforts to simplify and
tighten surface preparation regulations
pertaining to: 1) weathering of steel
surfaces; 2) cleaning of welds; 3) pre-
venting a recurrence of rust on previ-
ously cleaned surfaces; 4) selecting
the degree of surface cleaning ne-
Offered along with the general re-
visions is a "Guide to Surface Prepara-
tion Specifications." Intended as a
quick-reference aid, this guide will
help the user choose the preparation
best suited to specific grades of steel.
The updated standards, including the
Guide, sell for $2.00 per set.
As a companion to the revised spe-
cifications, the Council is offering a
set of visual standards. Comprising a
series of 23 color photographs of var-
ious steel surfaces, these illustrations
were adopted by the Swedish Stand-
ards Association and jointly approved
by the SSPC and the American So-
ciety for Testing and Materials. They
are suggested for use in conjunction
with the Council's printed specifica-
tions and may be ordered through the
SSPC at a cost of $15 per set.
Inquiries concerning both printed
and illustrated standards, as well as
the Council's newly published free
bulletins reviewing its bridge and
tank painting test programs may be
addressed as follows: Steel Structures
Painting Council, 4400 Fifth Avenue,
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213.
Handbook Available ...
A new edition of "Fundamentals
of Building Insulation" has been pub-
lished by the Insulation Board Insti-
The basic, 44-page booklet tells
how residential and commercial insu-
lation works, why it is used, and
where it should be used. The up-
dated publication is designed as an
aid to architects, engineers, builders,
retail building materials dealers, teach-
ers and students in schools and col-
leges offering building materials
R. A. LaCosse, IBI technical di-
rector, points out that the edition
contains information on three new
products, intermediate and nail-base
insulation board sheathing, and sound
deadening insulation board. Other
sections of the booklet have been re-
vised to include the latest insulation
information, including proper insula-
tion for electric heating.
Single copies are available without
cost to individuals, and up to 30
copies are free to schools and colleges
where the booklet will be used in
classes on building construction. Ad-
ditional copies are 40 cents each plus
Copies of "Fundamentals of Build-
ing Insulation" may be obtained by
writing to Mr. Robert A. LaCosse,
technical director, Insulation Board
Institute, 111 W. Washington St.,
Chicago, Illinois 60602.
Sets Record ...
Ceramic tile production in the
United States set an all-time record,
estimated at 275 million square feet,
in 1963. Industry sources predict an-
other record of perhaps 290 million
square feet in 1964.
"The 1963 record is an indication
of the increased awareness of the qual-
ity aspects of real ceramic tile, said
William M. North, president of the
Tile Council of America, trade asso-
ciation of the leading domestic pro-
ducers. "Furthermore, this all-time
record for our domestic producers was
made in the face of greatly increased
imports of foreign tiles.
"Building professionals especial-
ly architects and the consuming
public alike, each year are discovering
that ceramic tile can give lifelong
beauty and economy in construction,"
Mr. North said. "The result is that pro-
duction of domestic tile is increasing
faster than the production of build-
ing products as a whole."
THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT
(Continued from Page 20)
ings of concrete. It is not only for
economic reasons that architectural
cosmetics are held to a minimum. Ex-
posed concrete has a soft rugged
beauty and speaks of the way it was
formed. The covered walks, the pre-
cast copings and benches, the columns
and beams of these buildings are de-
signed to remain unpainted. Where
this material can be touched and
kicked it will become dirty, but con-
crete receives dirt much more grace-
fully than paint, and it remains real.
Architectural expression of this kind
of reality is becoming more accepted
in many old countries, and now is
reaching young provincial Florida.
If controversy were to diminish about
the buildings being built at our junior
college, if no one much cared about
the process or result, or if the archi-
tectural style generated here were to
be allowed to go wandering off in
other directions, then we would lose
aesthetic coordination and the valuable
controlled statement: "This special
place is Miami-Dade Junior College."
For all these thoughts, however, we
must not become so involved in why
these countless decisions were made-
or in what the deciders intended to
do-that we cannot decide whether
the results are of the best.
Dwyer Products . . 14
Florida Foundry and
Pattern Works . . 20
Florida Home Heating
Institute . . . 22
Florida Investor Owned
Electric Utilities . 12-13
Florida Natural Gas Assn.. 4
Florida Steel Corporation . 15
General Portland Cement-
Trinity White . . 3
Homasote Company . 11
Merry Brothers Brick and
Tile Company . . 1
Prescolite Manufacturing Corp. 20
Southern Bell Tel. & Tel. Co. 18
Block & Pipe Co. . 9
F. Graham Williams Company 21
JOHN F. HALLMAN, JR., Pres. & Treasurer
MARK. P. J. WILLIAMS, Vice-Pres.
G. ED LUNSFORD, JR., Secretary
FRANK D. WILLIAMS, Vice-Pres.
F. GRAHAM WILLIAMS CO.
"Beautiful and Permanent Building Materials"
TRINITY 5-0043 L-
CERAMIC GLAZED BRICK
BRIAR HILL STONE
CRAB ORCHARD FLAGSTONE
CRAB ORCHARD BUBBLE STONE
L'1 I-. 1690 MONROE DRIVE, N. E.
OFFICES AND YARD
SALT GLAZED TILE
GLAZED SOLAR SCREENS
UNGLAZED FACING TILE
ARCHITECTURAL TERRA COTTA
BUCKINGHAM AND VERMONT
SLATE FOR ROOFS AND FLOORS
PRECAST LIGHTWEIGHT INSULATING ROOF AND WALL SLABS
We are prepared to give the fullest cooperation and the best
quality and service to the ARCHITECTS, CONTRACTORS and
OWNERS on any of the many Beautiful and Permanent Building
Materials we handle. Write, wire or telephone us COLLECT for
complete information, samples and prices.
Represented in Florida by
MACK E. PALMER
1780 San Marco Blvd., Apt. 4
Jacksonville 7, Florida
ATrLT A Trv'A
Put 'er There, MR. ARCHITECT!
This charmer, from one of our current newspaper ads,
will win in a walk. And so will oil home heating, the
candidate that promises "half the cost" and then
lives up to the promise!
Keep 'em warm for HALF the cost!
Why spend twice as much as nec-
essary to heat your home? Why
not use economical, safe, depend-
able oil- it cuts home heating
bills in HALF! And you can install
central oil heating now on easiest
terms. Why postpone your fam-
ily's winter comfort any longer?
Why not call your heating or air
conditioning contractor? Now,
before predicted cold snaps strike!
Now before the last minute rush!
OIL HOME HEATING AND ELECTRIC AIR CONDITIONING:
Florida's most economical year 'round comfort team
FLORIDA HOME E HEATING INSTITUTE
2022 N.W. 7th Street Miami
> THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT
Current HighlightS * (Continued from 2nd Cover)
* MEDICAL CARE FOR THE AGED UNDER SOCIAL SECURITY will be reactivated by the
White House early in the new session. The Ways and Means Committee had held
some hearings on the matter last fall, but they were perfunctory-designed only to
avoid seeming obstructive. But now the Administration will push very hard be-
hind the same bill, essentially, that failed in the House in 1962. That draft called
for hospital and nursing-home care for retirees.
The Administration is still a bit shy of the Ways and Means votes needed to
get a bill to the floor. It's hard to say if Johnson's charm and arm-twisting can
win the extra support. He may have to compromise maybe by letting pri-
vate insurers play a role. Once on the floor the bill would quickly pass.
* THE LABOR LAWS MAY COME UP FOR REVISION this session because of the rail dispute
over feather-bedding. Congress voted for limited, compulsory arbitration last sum-
mer after much soul-searching to block a strike on the railroads. But time is
running out and the unions can still walk out in February. So it may be necessary
to authorize a tougher, broader law.
In addition, Congress will be working on other labor bills.
S. Jobless insurance: Overhaul of the System may be voted.
. Wage-hour coverage: The drive to extend the 40-hour week to restau-
rants, hotels, laundries, etc., will be stressed. But don't expect action to put
unions under antitrust laws.
* FARM LEGISLATION WILL BE QUITE MILD THIS YEAR, compared with 1963. A voluntary
production-cutting formula will be offered to wheat growers instead of manda-
tory controls to maintain farm income and curb surpluses. Those farmers who
agree to a reduction in plantings would be able to count on guaranteed high
prices of up to $2 a bushel. Those who balk would not.
As for cotton, domestic textile mills would get the same 8c a pound subsidy
available to foreign mills since 1956.
* CONGRESS SEEMS LIKELY TO VOTE TIGHTER CONTROLS on commodity trading this year,
in the wake of the "salad oil scandals" uncovered late in 1963. Decisions as to
the final form of a bill still haven't been firmed up, but it looks as if the Secretary
of Agriculture will get power to set minimums on the amount of cash that must
be put up during a commodity transaction. Such power already exists in stock
trading . at the Federal Reserve Board.
* DON'T BE SHY ABOUT VOICING YOUR PERSONAL VIEWS to your Congressmen on any
piece of legislation, pending or not. Let him know what you think about measures
that will affect your family or business or your community. It is your right and
duty. Likely as not, Congressmen want to hear from you. The views of respected
citizens carry great weight in lawmakers' decisions.
* THE ELECTIONS' OUTCOME WILL BE STRONGLY INFLUENCED by what Congress does
this year. Johnson may emerge as a strong leader with high prestige. Or wrang-
ling over key bills can hurt his image and cost votes in November. The tax cut
can only be an asset. But civil rights can help a lot or ruin.
At this time, it looks as if Johnson will be able to point to a fairly impressive
record aid to education and foreign aid in 1963 . the tax cut, civil rights,
a farm program, a big budget with an economy label and, perhaps, Medicare
all in 1964. The Democrats will claim all of the credit.
Much will also depend on who is the GOP nominee. Leaders in Washington
are betting it won't be Goldwater, despite his lead. It could be Nixon, Scran-
ton, or a dark horse. The battleground is now presumed to be the North and
West not the South. So candidate . legislation . and the convention
platform will now have to be fashioned with the race in mind.
T7 7Te Memory and Life's Prposae ob 7This Man...
'Sanford W. Goin
Architecture was both a cause and a pro-
fession to Sanford W. Goin, FAIA. As a
cause he preached it everywhere as the basis
for better living and sound development in
the state and region he loved. As a profes-
sion he practiced it with tolerance, with
wisdom, with integrity and with humility.
He was keenly aware that in the training
of young people lay the bright future of the
profession he served so well. So he worked
with them, counseled them, taught them by
giving freely of his interests, energies and
experience .... The Sanford W. Goin Archi-
tectural Scholarship was established for the
purpose of continuing in some measure, the
opportunities for training he so constantly
offered. Your contribution to it can thus be
a tangible share toward realization of those
professional ideals for which Sanford W.
Goin lived and worked.
The Florida Central Auxiliary has
undertaken, as a special project,
to raise funds for the Sanford W.
Goin Architectural Scholarship.
Contributions should be addressed
to Mrs. Archie G. Parish, President
of Women's Auxiliary, 145 Wild-
wood Lane, S. E., St. Petersburg 5,
WOMEN'S AUXILIARY, FLORIDA CENTRAL CHAPTER, AIA.