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 Copyright
 Front Cover
 Advertising
 Table of Contents
 Letters
 Circuit court sustains state board...
 A state of design
 New light on an old policy
 The 1960 office practice semin...
 New magic for Miami
 News and notes
 State board ups registration exam...
 Advertisers' index
 Back Cover


AIAFL



Florida architect
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00075
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Creation Date: September 1960
Frequency: quarterly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
System ID: UF00073793:00075
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Advertising
        Page 1
    Table of Contents
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Letters
        Page 4
        Page 5
    Circuit court sustains state board revocation action
        Page 6
        Page 7
    A state of design
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
    New light on an old policy
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
    The 1960 office practice seminar
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
    New magic for Miami
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
    News and notes
        Page 27
    State board ups registration exam fees
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
    Advertisers' index
        Page 31
        Page 32
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text

W A A Flo


This- publication- is. copyrighted. by- the- Florida.
Association. of. the. American. Institute. of-
Architects- and- is- an- official- journal- of- the-
Association.

Limited permission to. digitize- and make this- electronic-
version available- has- been- granted- by the. Association-
to- the- University- of- Florida- on- behalf- of- the- State-
University- System* of F lorida.

Use- of- this- version- is- restricted- by. United- States-
Copyright- legislation- and- its- fair use- provisions.- Other-
uses- may- be- a vi olati on -of- copyri ght. protect ons.

Requests- for- permissions- should- be- directed to- the-
Florida- Association- of. the. American- Institute. of-
Architects.- Contact- information- is- available- at- the-
Association' sweb site.





,?GH ITc.,


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DISPLAY
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7iR 74e Wtemay aad 4cie'4 *a'a c& 74le d New-


The



Sanford W. Goin



Architectural



Scholarship


Architecture was both a cause and a pro-
fession to Sanford W. Goin, FAIA. As a
cause he preached it everywhere as the basis
for better living and sound development in
the state and region he loved. As a profes-
sion he practiced it with tolerance, with
wisdom, with integrity and with humility.
He was keenly aware that in the training
of young people lay the bright future of the
profession he served so well. So he worked
with them, counseled them, taught them by
giving freely of his interests, energies and
experience. The Sanford W. Goin Archi-
tectural Scholarship was established for the
purpose of continuing, in some measure, the
opportunities for training he so constantly
offered. Your contribution to it can thus be
a tangible share toward realization of those
professional ideals for which Sanford W.
Goin lived and worked.

The Florida Central Auxiliary has
undertaken, as a special project,
to raise funds for the Sanford W.
Goin Architectural Scholarship.
Contributions should be addressed
to Mrs. Edmond N. MacCollin,
President, 240 Bayside Drive,
Clearwater Beach, Florida.
WOMEN'S AUXILIARY, FLORIDA CENTRAL CHAPTER, AIA.
































































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74e




Florida Architect
OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE FLORIDA ASSOCIATION OF ARCHITECTS


In 7i Issae ---


Letters . . . . . .

Circuit Court Sustains State Board Revocation Action . .
A State of Design . . . . .
Message from the FAA President by John Stetson, AIA


New Light on an Old Policy . . . . 11
By Forrest M. Kelley, Jr., AIA, Architect to the Board of Control

The 1960 Office Practice Seminar . . . .. 14

Rid Specifications of the "Or Equal" Clause .. .... . 14
By Donald G. Smith, AIA, CSI
New Magic For Miami ................... 22
By Lester Pancoast
News and Notes . . . . 27

State Board Ups Registration Exam Fees . . .. 28
Advertisers' Index . . . . 31


F.A.A. OFFICERS 1960
John Stetson, President, P.O. Box 2174, Palm Beach
Verner Johnson, First Vice-President, 250 N. E. 18th Street, Miami
Arthur Lee Campbell, Second V.-Pres., Room 208, Security Bldg., Gainesville
Robert B. Murphy, Third Vice-President, 1210 Edgewater Drive, Orlando
Francis R. Walton, Secretary, 142 Bay Street, Daytona Beach
Roy M. Pooley, Jr., Treasurer, Suite 209, 233 E. Bay Street, Jacksonville

DIRECTORS
BROWARD COUNTY: Robert E. Hall, Jack W. Zimmer; DAYTONA BEACH:
David A. Leete; FLORIDA CENTRAL: Eugene H. Beach, Anthony L. Pullara,
Robert C. Wielage; FLORIDA NORTH: Turpin C. Bannister, FAIA, M. H.
Johnson; FLORIDA NORTH CENTRAL: Ernest J. Stidolph; FLORIDA NORTH
WEST: W. Stewart Morrison; FLORIDA SOUTH: James L. Deen, H. Samuel
Kruse, Herbert R. Savage; JACKSONVILLE: A. Robert Broadfoot, A. Eugene
Cellar, Taylor Hardwick; MID-FLORIDA: Charles L. Hendrick, James E.
Windham, III; PALM BEACH: Kenneth Jacobson, Jefferson N. Powell.
Verna M. Sherman, Administrative Secretary, 414 Dupont Plaza Center, Miami


The FLORIDA ARCHITECT, Official Journal of
the Florida Association of Architects of the
American Institute of Architects, is owned by
the Florida Association of Architects, Inc., a
Florida Corporation not for profit, and is pub-
lished monthly, at 7225 S. W. 82nd Ct.,
Miami 43, Florida; telephone MOhawk 5-5032.
Editorial contributions, including plans and
photographs of architects' work, are welcomed
but publication cannot be guaranteed. Opinions
expressed by contributors are not necessarily
those of the Editor or the Florida Association
of Architects. Editorial material may be freely
reprinted by other official AIA publications,
provided full credit is given to the author
and to The FLORIDA ARCHITECT for prior use.
. Advertisements of products, materials and
services adaptable for use in Florida are wel-
comed, but mention of names or use of illus-
trations, of such materials and products in
either editorial or advertising columns does not
constitute endorsement by the Florida Associ-
ation of Architects. Advertising material must
conform to standards of this publication; and
the right is reserved to reject such material be-
cause of arrangement, copy or illustrations.
. Accepted as controlled circulation publi-
cation at Miami, Florida.
Printed by McMurray Printers

ROGER W. SHERMAN, AIA
Editor-Publisher


VOLUME 10

NUMBER 91960
THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT


4

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Letters


Of Keen Interest ...
EDITOR, FA:
In answer to a lawsuit filed against
the City of Winter Haven, protesting
their new sign ordinance which re-
stricts the construction of business
signs within the city limits, City At-
torney Paul Ritter wrote the follow-
ing reply:
"The sign ordinance is justified by
many considerations of public policy,
not the least of which is the power
and duty of the City to preserve the
public health. The mental health of
the people is as important as is their
physical health, and I think we shall
be able to establish that esthetics
are an important element of mental
health, and that the crudeness and
unsightliness of commercial billboards
make them repulsive and harmful to
the minds of people of civilized sensi-
bilities."
I thought you might be interested.
GENE LEEDY, AIA,
Winter Haven.


House Design Trend .
EDITOR, FA:
For some time, this writer has ab-
served the trend of residential design
as illustrated in current professional
magazines; and also for some time I
have felt the urge to offer some com-
ments on this trend.
The residence shown in some de-
tail in the current issue of Florida Ar-
chitect seems to be a typical example
of this trend. I do not feel that this
trend is in any way an answer to de-
mands of clients who wish to build
a home. It is, in my opinion, an en-
tire responsibility of the architect who
assures himself that this is what he
should have.
Over a period of many years' prac-
tice almost wholly devoted to residen-
tial work, it has always seemed to me
that a home should be a background
for an owner's way of life his be-
longings, his hobby if any and not
a monument to show how clever an
architect can be in the use of mate-
rials, and expert in the use of mech-
anical details. But there is usually
something lacking. Clever? Yes a
mechanical masterpiece possibly--


but a background for nothing. No in-
dividuality, a more or less stereotyped
design, no semblance of proportions
and beauty, as these terms have been
usually accepted since time began.
Owners of these homes may pos-
sibly be lovers of books, collectors of
paintings and objects d'art, personal
trophies, etc. Where do these things
fit in the current restless design of
walls and floors? To be specific, is the
fireplace in the residence above re-
ferred to by any stretch of imagina-
tion a thing of beauty? Efficient, pos-
sibly but that is all that can be
said for it. There are many beautiful
homes being built today, (see Town
and Country, and House Beautiful)
but plans and photos of these homes
never seem to reach the architectural
magazines. Efficiency seems to be the
watch-word of today's architecture;
but I contend a home should have
more than this.
For these trends in design I feel
that the teachings of our architectur-
al schools are largely responsible. I
have made it a point to converse
with many applicants for jobs as
draftsmen; and they one and all agree
that nothing else is taught. Not one
in ten of these applicants can do any
rendering. This seems to be optional
where it should be mandatory. Per-
haps if these buildings were viewed
more in perspective, a different stand-
ard of design might prevail.
FRANK WYATT WOODS, AIA.
Miami Beach.

Toast to Color .
EDITOR, FA:
I read the paragraph in the June
issue F/A Panorama, entitled "Who
Likes What Color Most "
If I should attempt to answer that
question, I'd probably find myself be-
hind bars (prison bars) for safety.
While the subject is uppermost in my
mind, I am enclosing a 1960 Color
Research Report which is a product
of our Color Research Committee.
This Report also contains color trend
predictions.
This recalls to mind my experience
with an architect who had difficulty
selecting a satisfactory color sample of
stained wood finishes which I submit-
(Continued on Page 6)
THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT


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Letters__
(Continued from Page 4)
ted. He phoned me several days later
to pick up a sample color which suited
him. On arriving at his office, he pre-
sented me with a slice of white bread,
toasted, and said, "Match this color."
So I ask you- Who Likes What
Color ?
FRED P. SUTTON
Benamin Moore 6 Co.,
New York City
As the Dean of paint manufactur-
ers' architectural representatives, Mr.
Sutton an architect himself and
known to many in the Florida region


- should know whereof he speaks.
His Company's Color Research Re-
port, has this to say relative to current
color trends, "... the three best wall
colors are still warm and cool off-
whites and pale yellow. The beiges,
next in line, tend to be yellower in
tone, and cool gray has declined
slightly in popularity. A tint of vio-
let or lilac now appears among the
top ten, substantiating its significance
as a trend color, Outstanding new ar-
rival among furnishings and accent
colors is a fairly strong olive or bronze
green, while floor coverings of warm
white, beige and brown have super-
seded the cool gray."


Circuit Court Sustains

State Board Revocation Action


In a ruling dated August 10, the
Circuit Court of Broward County
upheld the action of the State Board
of Architecture in revoking the registra-
tion to practice architecture of Robert
M. Nordin, of Miami. The ruling
came as a result of legal action by
Nordin to have the Board's revoca-
tion order reversed. The matter has
been in litigation for more than a
year.
The Board's action against Nordin
was taken on July 31, 1959, as a re-
sult of a formal hearing relative to
the improper use of an architect's seal.
Evidence presented at the hearing
showed that Nordin had used his seal to
stamp drawings which were..."not pre-
pared by him or under his responsible
supervising control." This is a viola-
tion of Section 467.15 of the Florida
"architects law"; and accordingly the
Board exercised its statutory right to
order revocation of Nordin's certifi-
cate of registration. The Board's
action was to have become effective,
September 18, 1959.
Before that date, however, Nordin
petitioned the Circuit Court for a
writ of certiorari the effect of which
was to stay execution of the Board's
order until court action on his peti-
tion. The court's decision was based
on a review of the formal hearing on
which the Board's revocation order
was based. The court found that evi-
dence presented at the hearing was


"competent" and "substantial" and
that the Board's action was therefore
in accord with the essential require-
ments of the law.
The case was typical of several
others with which the Board has had
to deal. It involved a set of drawings
which had been submitted first to a
supervising architect of the Hotel and
Restaurant Commission bearing the
seal of an engineer, but not an archi-
tect. Subsequently they were re-sub-
mitted to the Commission's supervis-
ing architect with Nordin's seal af-
fixed. Evidence at the hearing brought
out the facts that the drawings had
been made by an unregistered drafts-
man, that Nordin had had nothing to
do with the original design of the
building, that he had not seen the
drawings while they were being done
by the draftsman and that he had
made no changes in them prior to the
time his seal was affixed.
In sustaining the Board's action
the court stated that Nordin ". as
to the plans had not been or acted in
a responsible capacity, was not super-
vising ,and was not in control." The
court's order also referred to provisions
in the law for reinstatement of regis-
tration. Section 467.14 provides for
issuance of a new certificate of regis-
tration ". .upon satisfactory evidence
of proper reasons" for reinstatement
of persons whose certificates of regis-
tration have been revoked.
THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT















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i Talhs se.....A Ya s


Tess4agCe frm 74e Preidenet..,


A State of Design

By JOHN STETSON, AIA
President
Florida Association of Architects


Out of saw grass marshes and man-
grove swamps is arising a new colos-
sus. Whether it matures into a lovely
lady of classic beauty or becomes an
out-sized, frumpy trollop is the re-
sponsibility of the men running our
state, county and municipal govern-
ments and the leaders they appoint
to planning, zoning, building, etc.
boards and commissions. Naturally I
am talking about the State of Florida
which, in my life time, has risen from
the 30th to the 10th state in the un-
ion in population. This responsibility
we have given our officials is almost
frightening in its importance. On
their decisions and indecisions hinge
not only the future beauty of the
state, but also many economic factors.
Two equal-sized areas of ground
containing exactly the same chemic-
ally constituted soil, with identically
the same elevation above the sea can
vary in value one hundred thousand
percent, although they are in the same
county and located only a few miles
apart. Excluding precious stones,
minerals and certain works of art, no
investment man can make maintains
such an even standard of value as
does good real estate. Its value is al-
ways directly relational to the dollar;
but its weakest point is its relation-
ship to its neighbors.
Good neighbors mean good values,
standardized over the years providing
security of investment. Poor neigh-
bors, created through bad construc-
tion, indifference to pride of beauty
or upkeep, undesirable tenants, im-
proper property usage, and many other
causes can drop property values to a
fraction of their former worth. All
about us we see neighborhoods once
representing the best of everything,
now deteriorated into virtual slum
areas. To do nothing about these al-
ready present blights, or to be instru-
mental in creating others through
failure to take proper steps to pre-
vent them, is as thoroughly criminal
as though a group of men set out
with heavy equipment and demol-


ished the property physically.
Here in our state there are forward
looking communities now in the
midst of long range planning pro-
grams. Some are doing so with the
cooperation of the Florida Develop-
ment Commission and Section 701 of
the National Housing Act, and with
their own citizens committees. A very
few years ago there were only a very
few qualified planning consultants in
the State of Florida. No one thought
it necessary to hire a man to plan a
community. "Let's just let nature
take its course" was the stock state-
ment. It did, and look at the results
in every community with that atti-
tude.
Towns and cities like Coral Gables,
Palm Beach and a few others became
symbols of unattainable beauty, not
because they necessarily grew from
the perfect plan, but mainly because
they adopted one or two basic rules
of good planning. They provided
themselves with controls to prevent
improper usage of property and neigh-
borhoods and to keep out too many
and too large sign boards, over crowd-
ing, poor design and unnecessary
traffic.
Good community planning does
not mean that only the rich can live
there. Some of the most charming
sights of foreign travel are small vil-
lages, quaint and uncluttered but
each containing unselfish, fiercely
proud people proud of their in-
heritance and always aware of the
vigilance required to prevent anyone
destroying the beauty about them.
A block of marble becomes what
man makes of it. If it is finely ground,
then it becomes an obnoxious dust
ruinous to the mucous membranes.
If broken into small chips it makes
a concrete aggregate, roof covering or
terrazzo flooring. If it is sawn into
blocks or tiles, it may become only
an indistinguishable part of a build-
ing or a large paved area. But, if
given into the hands of a master
(Continued on Page 30)
THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT




























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SEPTEMBER, 1960 9





















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FOR ALL BLUMCRAFT POSTS


V
II-






The Office of the Architect to the Board of Control .
How does it operate How big is it What does it do?


New



Light



On



An



Old



Policy


I want to thank you for this oppor-
tunity to explain to you and your com-
mittee the function of this office.
This office under the Board of Con-
trol has the responsibility for the co-
ordination of the work done by our
engineering and architectural associ-
ates and for supervision of construc-
tion on the various campuses of the
state-supported institutions in Florida.
In addition to Florida State Univer-
sity, Florida Agricultural and Mech-
anical University, The University of
Florida and the University of South
Florida at Tampa, the Board of Con-
trol has under its jurisdiction also the
Florida School for the Deaf and Blind
in St. Augustine and the proposed
new university at Boca Raton.
In order to fulfill these above re-
quired functions, our office consists
of three Zone Offices and one Central
Office. The Zone Office in Tampa
serves the new university of South
Florida there and the proposed new
institution at Boca Raton. The Zone
Office in Gainesville serves the Uni-
versity of Florida in Gainesville and
SEPTEMBER, 1960


For some time there has existed in
the minds of many architects at least
an impression, if not a conviction,
that certain departments of the state
government were trespassing on the
field of private practice. This has
centered primarily on the activities
of the architectural office of the
Board of Control. Accordingly, in
June, 1958, a survey of the policy of
this office was made by the editor of
The Florida Architect and reported
in the July, 1958, issue on the basis
of a searching interview with DR, J.
BROWARD CULPEPPER, Executive Di-
rector of the Board of Control, in
Tallahassee.
Since then both the personnel and
the policy of the Board of Control's
architectural office has changed rad-
ically. FORREST M. KELLEY, JR., has


the Florida School for the Deaf and
Blind in St. Augustine. The Zone Of-
fice in Tallahassee serves the Florida
State University and Florida A. & M.
University, both in Tallahassee. The
various Agricultural Experiment Sta-
tions throughout the state are serviced
by the Zone Office nearest geograph-
ically.
The functions of these Zone Of-
fices is to provide for supervision after
the award of contract and to serve as
a liaison office between the university
and the Central Office in Tallahassee.
Since the volume of construction at
each of the Zones might reasonably
be estimated at approximately $3-mil-
lion per zone per year, and since the
service of supervision which is rend-
ered by the Board of Control Office
includes continuous field inspection,
approximately three general building
inspectors are employed in each of
the Zones. In addition to these gen-
eral building inspectors we have our
electrical and mechanical inspectors
totaling three in number, distributed
over the three zones.


been appointed architect to the
Board of Contril with administrative
offices in Tallahassee. Zone offices
have been established, three Assistant
Architects appointed; and the scope
and volume of the Board of Control's
architectural activities have been wid-
ened substantially.
In an effort to ascertain present
policies and procedures of the Board
of Control's architectural office, JOHN
STETSON, FAA President, wrote on
July 13 to the Architect of the Board
of Control and asked a number of spe-
cific questions.
The following, in answer to the
FAA president, was written by FOR-
REST M. KELLEY, JR. It was presented
at the FAA Board meeting, August
13. Its publication here was author-
ized by Board action on that date.


Each Zone office is headed by a
professional man. In Tallahassee the
Zone architect is CHESTER L. CRAFT,
Registered Architect. In Gainesville
the Zone Architect is GUY C. FUL-
TON, who is a Registered Architect. In
Tampa the Zone Engineer is FRED E.
CLAYTON, Registered Engineer.
In the Tallahassee Central Office,
we have our Business Office which is
staffed by an accountant and secre-
tarial assistant. We have our design
section which has responsibilities in
preplanning, coordinating and admin-
istration of our associate program.
This section is staffed by a Registered
Architect, EDWARD M. FEARNEY, and
four permanent associates. Part time
help as required is obtained. This sec-
tion has the responsibility of working
with the university to define the pro-
gram for buildings and to reduce this
program to requirements of budget.
It has the responsibility for maintain-
ing a logical master plan for the de-
velopment of an institution and for
correlating extensions of utilities to
(Continued on Page 12)







New Light...
(Continued from Page 11)

proposed building expansion. It has
the responsibility of providing for log-
ical growth of campus areas to provide
for the anticipated growth of these
universities by colleges or depart-
ments. It further has the responsibil-
ity of translating this information to
the associates who may be commis-
sioned for the design and planning of
specific projects which in themselves
represent only portions of the overall
campus growth.
Two per cent of the actual construc-
tion cost is available for the provision
of the service of supervision. Thus
each Zone Office is self sustaining in-
sofar as the service rendered by these
Zone Offices is involved. The fee
which is allowed by the state for our
service of preplanning and program-
ming is one-quarter of one per cent
of the estimated construction cost,
plus the salary and expenses of two
employees in Mr. Fearney's section.
This section, therefore,. is nearly, but
not quite, self sustaining insofar as
revenues from the services provided
by that section are involved.
The Gainesville Zone Office,
which formerly was the only architect-
ural office for the Board of Control,
has an additional function as the
plan-producing office. It is the only
one of our offices where plans are act-
ually produced. Since plans can be
produced more economically in one
office than they can be in several dis-
persed offices, and further, since the
primary purpose of producing plans
within the office of Architect to the
Board of Control has been to earn
sufficient revenue to continue the ser-
vices of those portions in the offices
which are not completely self sustain-
ing, it is logical that plans should be
produced only in one of these loca-
tions. Since the office in Gainesville
was already completely staffed and ef-
ficiently operating, production of
plans has been continued in that lo-
cation. Newly formed offices in Tal-
lahassee and in Tampa have been
staffed in part by transfers of person-
nel from the Gainesville Zone Office.
With this general background of
discussion in the organization of my
office, I would like now to try to
answer the specific questions which
you set forth in your correspondence
of July 13.


The first of your questions was,
"Why is it necessary to expand the
office of the Architect to the Board
of Control?"
The answer to this lies in part in
the projected growth of our state uni-
versity system. In 1958 the enroll-
ment in that system was 24,391 pu-
pils. It is projected that by 1970 we
will have 58,000 enrolled in our state
university system. In the interim peri-
od at least two additional universities
will have been created and possibly
a third. The Board of Control has,
therefore, found it desirable to extend
their services to properly coordinate
and supervise the Capital Outlay Pro-
gram required to house this projected
expansion. New universities are being
created in Tampa and Boca Raton.
The Board of Control feels that this
srevice of coordination and planning
this program is properly retained by
them through its Office of the Archi-
tect.

Question 2 (a): "What proportion
of the construction program of the
Board of Control will be accom-
plished by the Architect to the
Board of Control and what propor-
tion by private practitioners?"
The proportion of work which will
be done by the Board of Control of-
fice will always be that minimum
amount which is necessary to provide
financing for those services by the
Board of Control architect which are
not completely self-supporting. As
you know, the Architect's office is
not supported by any appropriation,
but must operate exclusively on the.
basis of fees collected by the Archi-
tect's office. The ceiling for these fees
has been established by the Cabinet
as being six percent of construction
costs. This six percent includes pre-
liminary planning, working drawings
and supervision, but does not include
the service of preplanning for which
an additional one-quarter of one per-
cent, plus the salary of two employees
and their expenses, is allowed. The
Architect's office administers the con-
tracts of their associates, who normal-
ly receive a fee of four percent for
their services exclusive of supervision.
The amount of this work reduced
to dollars and cents in construction
cost is variable in accordance with the
appropriation. As an example, if the
state appropriation is $20 million,
then the fees earned by supervision


carry a greater proportion of the over-
all load of the office, thereby reduc-
ing the amount of plan production
which must be done at six percent by
the office of the Architect to the
Board of Control. Where the state
appropriation for the biennium is
only half of that, or $10-million, then
the fees to be earned by supervision
are proportionately less; and even
though the number of inspectors may
be numerically reduced, the operation
of this function becomes little more
than self-sustaining. In this event,
the demand upon revenues to be ob-
tained by the production of plans is
increased.
It is the Board's desire that the ra-
tio of work to be done by its own
office to that to be done by private
practice should be in the ratio of
about three to one. In other words,
the office of the Architect to the
Board of Control would do about one
fourth of the total volume to be done.
When the overall Capital Outlay
Program for the state universities is
$20-million per biennium or greater,
it is possible to adhere to the above
referenced ratio.

Question 2 (b): "How are fees
now divided; and what, if any, will
be the future plan?"
The division of fees is four percent
for preparation of plans and specifi-
cations and two percent for supervi-
sion. The associate who is commis-
sioned is the beneficiary of consulta-
tion and preliminary work which has
been done by the office of the Archi-
tect to the Board of Control in pre-
paring the program and in correlating
that with the overall growth of the
campus. In preparation of this pro-
gram in the preplanning stage, campus
committees have worked to define
their program cooperatively with the
office of the Architect to the Board
of Control and the product of their
cooperative efforts has been reviewed
by the campus building committee so
that the associate architect is relieved
from this expensive collection of data
and program as it has existed in the
past.

Question 2 (c): "What happens to
surplus fees collected by the office
of the Architect to the Board of
Control?"
Any excess fees collected by the
office of the Architect of the Board
THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT






of Control must be plowed back in
the form of service to the Institution.
Historically, there have been some oc-
casions when bids exceeded the
amount of the construction budget,
but where a waiver of the Architect's
fees permitted the university to make
awards on necessary construction.
There have been other occasions when
plans have had to be redrawn because
bids were in excess of funds that
were available. In this event, the max-
imum fee to be collected for archi-
tectural services remains six percent
of the final contract award. Hence,
two sets of plans must be produced
for the remuneration of one.

Question 2 (d): "Does the state
contribute any funds for the support
of the Board's architectural office
other than through the fees they
collect on the construction projects?
If so, what are they and how much
do they represent in a biennium?"
The answer to this question is: No.
The office of the Architect to the
Board of Control pays rent on the
space it occupies, pays for its utilities,
including telephone, heat, lights, wa-
ter, etc., and must operate entirely
as a private practice would operate
from fees collected for service rend-'
ered.

Question 2 (e): "How large an
organization is the present Board's
architectural office? If broken down
by zones, how many for each zone?"
The present membership is 45 per-
manent employees and two temporary
employees. This includes by zone of-
fices: in the Tallahassee Zone Office,
six; in the Tampa Zone Office, seven;
in the Gainesville Zone Office, 21;
and in the Tallahassee Central Office,
11 permanent employees and two
temporary employees.

Question 2 (f): "Other than ar-
chitects, what type of personnel is
employed?"
Other than architects, our office
employees consist of one accountant,
two engineers, stenographic help,
draftsmen, inspectors and office help.

Question 2 (g): "How are asso-
ciated architects selected?"
Associated architects are selected by
appointment by the Board of Control
upon the recommendation of the Ar-
(Continued on Page 30)
SEPTEMBER, 1960


The Record for Four Years


In May of this year the paid for preparing plans of
Architect to the Board of the 68 projects named. The
Control prepared, at the stated policy of the office
request of Representative of the Architect to the Board
Harry Westbury, of Duval of Control is that complete
County, a schedule of con- architectural services shall
struction projects handled be paid for at the rate of six
by his office. It showed the percent of the construction
S names of the projects, their cost, with one-third of this
approximate construction or two percent of the
values, when the plans for construction cost allo-
them were prepared and by cated to project supervision.
whom. The schedule covered Since the established policy
projects for which plans of the Board of Control is to
were prepared in 1956, exercise supervision of all
1957, 1958 and 1959. An- project construction through
alysis of the information the office of its architect,
submitted discloses some in- firms in private practice re-
teresting facts, ceive only four percent for
One, for example, con- their partial architectural
S cerns overall totals. During services.
the four-year period covered On this basis, 21 archi-
by the schedule, plans were tectural firms received a
prepared on 68 projects for total compensation of $614,-
seven institutions under the 372.60 for their partial ser-
authority of the Board of vices on the 28 projects
Control. Total construction listed. For complete archi-
values of these projects was tectural service on the 28
$40,450,065. Of these 68 projects done by the Board
projects, the office of the of Control, compensation
Architect to the Board of amounted to $1,505,455.
S Control prepared the plans In addition, the office of the
for 28. Architectural firms Architect to the Board of
in private practice called Control received two percent
"architectural associates" by of the construction cost of
the Board of Control's ar- work done by private firms
chitect prepared plans as payment for construction
for the remaining 40. supervision. This amounted
However, the construction to $307,186.30 bringing
valutions listed for the 28 the total compensation paid
projects planned by the to the architectural office of
Board of Control totals $25,- the Board of Control to $1,-
090,750. Total valuation of 812,631.30 during the four-
work done by firms in pri- year period covered by the
vate practice was $15,359,- schedule. This is slightly less
315 or only some 38 per- than three times the profes-
cent of the entire four-year sional compensation paid to
program. private 'practitioners during
Another fact these fig- the same time.
ures disclose relates to the Here is a breakdown of
architectural compensation the four-year activity:

S Yer Number of Projects Work at 6 percent Work at 4 percent
e Bd. of Con. Priv. Firms by Board of Control by Private Firms
1956 ___ 5 7 $11,820,881 $ 3.514,009
1957 4 10 2,099,897 1,037,611
1958 ___ 13 14 3,375,344 7,333,381
1959 ___ 6 9 7,794,628 3,474,314

TOTALS 28 40 $25,090,750 $15,359,315

_.: ...::'::.:.': ..: ':: v: .. .. :: :: :: / ; ..: !-.''-''<:* i# ::: : ::: ::,< '<:::::::::::::::








The 1960 Office Practice Seminar...


The second annual "listen and learn" was a credit to its
sponsors and a profitable experience for all who attended.


One of the nearly 125 architects
attending the FAA's Office Practice
Seminar at the Fenway Hotel in Dun-
edin, August 12, summed up what
appeared to be the consensus of all.
Toward the end of the day-long meet-
ing filled with informative talks and
floor discussion, he said, "I didn't
drive 250 miles and close up my office
for a whole day just to play! I,came
here to work and to learn, and I've
certainly done both."
It was that kind of a meeting. The
attendance was more than 50 percent
greater than at last year's OP Sem-
inar, and Committee Chairman ROB-
ERT H. LEVISON is already planning
a program for next year which will
raise the attendance percentage even
higher. So much provocative material
was presented by people who obviously
knew both the great and fine points
of their subjects, that not all of it
can be reported verbatim-or even
abstracted in a single issue of this
publication. However, arrangements
have been made to publish some of
the discussions in detail and to present
the salient substance of others in
forthcoming issues. One of the most
significant talks on specifications by
DONALD G. SMITH, has been repro-
duced in complete form here.
The discussion of specifications-
moderated by EARLE M. STARNES-
was a chief highlight of the morning
session. Speakers, in addition to Smith,
a former president of the Greater
Miami Chapter, CSI, were HENRY
KENT, Miami, who discussed develop-
ment of "streamlined" specifications.
JAMES H. KENNEDY, Tampa architect,
who weighed pros and cons of inte-
grating specs with drawings, and BEN
HUFFSEY, a mechanical engineer who
spoke pointedly on the desirability
of coordinating architectural and me-
chanical specifications to the benefit
of all concerned.
Other sections of the five-session
meeting were equally as practical and
informative. The first afternoon talk
was given by ROBERT H. RAINE, CPA,
on the subject of accounting for arch-
itectural offices-with particular em-


phasis on how proper accounting pro-
cedures can help solve some of the
tax problems that architects and other
professional men are heir to. An espe-
cially provocative discussion of the
feasability approach to building devel-
opment and cost was presented by
BRUCE TAYLOR, realtor and appraiser
who took his audience behind his
professional scene and showed, step
by step, how a financial plan for a
building is developed as a basis for its
subsequent architectural and structural
design. Both these discussions are
slated for later publication in The
Florida Architect.
Moderated by EDGAR HANEBUTH,
a contractor panel discussed labor
costs, estimating and bidding prob-
lems. G. PERRIN MCCONNELL of the
AGC West Coast Chapter discussed
the influence prevailing wage rates
have on construction costs; and H. M.
BALLINGER, of the Batestone Con-
struction Co., Clearwater, outlined
significant steps by which interests of
both architects and contractors could


be served through more accurate esti-
mating procedures and more efficient
bidding practices.
Finally, DANIEL SCHWARTZMAN,
FAIA, chairman of the National AIA
Committee on Office Practice, drew
the threads of the various sessions to-
gether in a correlative summary. He
has promised to make his wise and
practical observations available for
publication in the October issue.
It was obvious that architects from
all over the state had come to listen
and learn. Pencils and note pads were
in evidence throughout the day; and
after every talk the audience partici-
pation included not only questions on
salient points, but also commentary
on personal experience or observa-
tions.
As a climax to a highly successful
program, Chairman Levison adjourned
the meeting with an invitation to a
cocktail party given by the Florida
Central Chapter which was scheduled
to hold its Chapter meeting the fol-
lowing day.


Rid Specifications of


The "Or Equal" Clause


By DONALD G. SMITH, AIA, CSI
Past President, Greater Miami Chapter,
Construction Specifications Institute


What is a specification?
Webster's dictionary defines it as
A statement containing a min-
ute description or enumeration of par-
ticulars, as of the terms of a contract,
-details of construction not shown in
an architect's drawings, etc. Also any
item of such a contract." Technically,
the foregoing can be broken down
further. Mr. Rolf Retz, chief specifi-
cation writer for the California State
Division of Architecture and a na-
tional director of CSI, has stated
clearly the basic purposes of adequate


specifications. These are, this author-
rity says:
1 ... "To provide a document from
which the contractor may prepare an
intelligent bid.
2 ... "To provide a document
which will tell the contractor how he
must execute the work.
3 ... "To provide a document
which will assist the architect or en-
gineer in determining whether the
contractor has executed the work in-
tended."
(Continued from Page 10)
THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT












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"Or Equal"...
(Continued from Page 14)
I find no fault with this interpre-
tation-except that I believe it
would be well to use the word "legal"
in front of the word "document."
However, I doubt if any of us would
quarrel much with either Mr. Web-
ster or Mr. Retz.
Now, let's examine the word
"Equal". Webster defines it as mean-
ing: "Exactly the same in measure,
quantity, number or degree; like in
value, quality, status or position." But
then he gives an archaic definition as
"... characterized by justice, or fair."
Further he gives some obsolete defini-
tions as, "... uniform, equable, level,
evenly balanced or proportioned and
having competent power, abilities or
means."
It appears to me that even Mr.
Webster is confused. I have all the
respect in the world for this man.
But I prefer the definition given by
a well-known contractor. He said that
the term "or equal" means for
someone to make it worse and sell it
cheaper."
In light of the true meaning and
technical purposes of a specification,
I, for one, cannot see how the weasel
words "or equal" can legally fit into
a specification particularly when
even the authorities are confused as
to its meaning. As a legal document
- which it is a specification cer-
tainly should be as exact as possible.
It actually takes precedence over a
drawing a point that has been sus-
tained by the Supreme Court in at
least two recent cases, one in Califor-
nia and one in Nebraska. In other
words, our written words are might-
ier than our drawings to which we
so proudly refer.
If we continue to use the words
"or equal", we are inviting trouble.
But if we are to eliminate the use of
that phrase, we must become so well
informed that we know our products,
specify what we want and then stand
on our convictions. Study and re-
search of what is required will usually
eliminate the need for ambiguous
phrases used by lazy or uniformed
specification writers. Remember--
decisions as to quality of materials
must be made when specifications are
written and not during the period of
construction.
In the ever-changing trend of con-
SEPTEMBER, 1960


struction and design techniques, we
must be alert to, and must educate
ourselves in, new products, new ma-
terials, new methods of construction.
As architects, we are regarded as lead-
ers in the building industry. So, it is
imperative that we not only keep
abreast of our technical times, but
well ahead of the crowd. We gain our
reputation due to our experience in
technical know-how; and our clients
are attracted to us for this reason.
Do not betray your clients' confi-
dence by writing a loop-hole specifica-
tion when he is paying you for expert
advice.
Specify what you want-and
never accept less in quality for the
same money.
Never leave equality to chance by
depending upon the lowest prices.
Perhaps the ultimate goal and
I admit that great steps have been
taken in this direction is the devel-
opment and availability of national
standards covering all construction
materials and products. This would be
a step forward in solving the "or
equal" problem. However, recom-
mendations of manufacturers and
even trade associations should be
carefully examined and supporting evi-
dence required before these are used.
I look forward to the day when the
general adoption of standards will
force manufacturers to imprint or la-
bel their products or containers, in
compliance with standards that have
been adopted.
If we can eliminate the "or equal"
clause and have a practical knowledge
of what we specify, we will, by the
same token, eliminate such grand-
father clauses as "work to be done to
the satisfaction of the architect", or,
"executed", or, "to the approval", or,
"in the opinion of the architect."
Such phrases are certain indications
of a rank amateur at work who is
guilty of both weakness and lack of
knowledge.
There is no practical method by
which the contractor can estimate -
or even guess what the "satisfac-
tion" or "opinion," or "discretion"
of an architect is in dollar values. If
an architect is so uninformed on his
subject as to unable to spell out a
desired performance, the least he can
do is to state the results he wants to
obtain .. in accordance with ac-
cepted commercial standards or good
(Continued on Page 20)


A Problem


In Churches


... how to get needed

heat economically


* SOLUTION

1. Specify room-by-
room control of heat -
safe and clean due to
electricity. ELEC-
TREND provides this...

2. Specify efficiency
of heating to give
positive through-room
circulation. ELE C-
TREND provides this...

3. Specify space-sav-
ing and economy
through in-wall, and
two-way heat distribu-
tion. ELECTREND pro-
vides this ...


ELECTREND DISTRIBUTING
COMPANY
Comfort Convenience Economy
4550 37th Street No. St. Petersburg
Phone: HEmlock 6-8420







"Or Equal"...
(Continued from Page 19)
engineering or construction practice."
We in CSI do not purport toteach
anyone how to write a specification.
The CSI is a research organization.
Thus the subject of any discussion
here falls within the category f spe-
cification methods, rather than speci-
fication form. However, we co at-
tempt to establish a general speci-
fication format. And, of course, we
are interested in helping those who
are receptive to improve the quality
of their specifications.
The point under discussion is clear.
It is the consensus of all CSI mem-
bers whose convictions are ehoed
by contractors, manufacturers and ma-
terial men that the term "or
equal" should be eliminated.
The following format is considered
a feasible approach as a basis foi this:
1 ... Write a performance specifi-
cation; or,
2 ... Name a minimum of three
brands; or,
3 ... Write a base-bid specification.
That is, name one brand or product
and require all bidders to bid oz that
particular item.


In general, government or public
work specifications fall within the
first group. This is commendable,
since it invites competition. This
method is appropriately described in
Public Housing Administration's Bul-
letin No. LR-13, which states .
The use of trade names and or equal
clauses, except for some items of
equipment, should be avoided. This
practice is undesirable because .
it opens the way to endless differenc-
es of opinion over what is equal." It
is better practice to describe the na-
ture and qualification of the item re-
quired and to specify the performance
required.
As to the second group, be willing
to accept any one of the three or
more brands named as a standard for
the work intended. This applies pri-
marily to private work. But it not only
produces desired results; it also intro-
duces competition. The chief objec-
tion is the possibility that "Brand
X" or "Brand Y" were not included
among the named brands. This might,
on occasions, require some careful ex-
plaining especially when a mem-
ber of the building committee owns
some common stock in one of the
brands not named.


The base bid specification the
third group appears to have the
most compelling reasons for accept-
ance. It has a number of advantages.
Among them are:
1 ... It permits the designer to
budget his job. He should be aware
of the costs when writing the speci-
fications.
2 ... It permits the designer instead
of the contractor to control the job.
3 ... It encourages more realistic
bidding because everyone is bidding
on the same thing.
4... It tends to eliminate the
chisler and unscrupulous contractor
who normally gambles on obtaining
approval of a less costly product as an
equal.
5 ... It would tend to prevent bid
peddling.
6... It would not eliminate com-
petition, as the bid form could call
for alternate prices on other brands
or products. Or the special conditions
could permit a request for substitu-
tion by the contractor within a speci-
fied time--with substantial proof
of equality and a price differential of
the product submitted in place of
that specified.


we do the greatest things under pressure


With Celcure Pressure treating you receive penetralion
all the way to the heartwood, not just on outside
coating. Celcure's "full cell" process is used to I;1l each
cell of the wood with preservatives assuring
lasting protection. Specify Celcure guaranteed for 20 years.
Celcure Pressure Treated Lumber .


Weaver-Loughridge-Boyd
American Celcure Wood Preserving Corp. Jacksonville
Cook Industries West Palm Beach
E. D. Cook Lumber Co. Orlando Cook Lumber Co Tampa
THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT










Saluting:

the architects

and engineers of dade county

Throughout the cities and municipalities of Dade County are large and
small commercial buildings which reflect the skill, technical ability and imagination
of the Architects and Mechanical Engineers of Dade County.
To the casual passerby, these buildings bring a brief sense of "rightness" -
they please his senses; to the professional man, they represent practicality and
efficiency; to the user they are the best possible combination of materials to achieve
the purpose for which the building is designed, but to the Architect and Engineer
they speak of personal triumph over hard, inanimate matter.
The Better Fuel Council of Dade County wishes to salute these men and bring
to public attention their contributions to Dade County.
With this thought in mind, the Florida Architect will carry, in this space, a
series of "Salutes to Dade County Architects and Engineers". They will be chosen
(from among Architects and Engineers of recent Dade County Buildings) by a panel
of impartial and qualified judges.
These "Salutes" will show and describe outstanding buildings, and present
some details of their construction. They will not necessarily be large buildings, nor
will they be small constructions only. Each will be chosen on the basis of its indi-
vidual merit, and the ingenuity with which the Architect and Engineer have met
and conquered their problems.
At the conclusion of a year of such "Salutes", the panel of judges will choose
the one which, in their opinion, is the outstanding building in the group.
The Architect and Engineer thus chosen will be the recipient of the Better
Fuel Council's annual "Award for Architectural-Engineering Excellence", which will
carry with it a plaque for each field.
With this program the Better Fuel Council hopes to create more public aware-
ness of the vital role played by the Architects and Mechanical Engineers in shaping
the face which Dade County presents to the world.

BETTER FUEL COUNCIL of DADE COUNTY

LITTLE BILL says...
"Electricity-plus-Oil can't be beat,
for lowest cost and maximum heat!"


A Better Fuel Council member is ready to assist in solving
your commercial heating problems. Just call FR 1-2447.


SEPTEMBER, 1960
















Miami's Buildorama was the scene, August 9, of a Florida
South Chapter meeting to which the press, Metro and
Miami commissioners and guests were introduced to
architects' development ideas for the progressive im-
provement of downtown Miami. T. Trip Russell, pinch-
hitting for H. Samuel Kruse, chairman of the Chapter's
Committee of Community Development presided.


NEW MAGIC





FOR MIAMI


Before anyone, even an architect,
can happily concoct a character for
downtown Miami, he must face a se-
rious question: Do the one million
people gathered 'round it want, or
need, a central business district?
If downtown Miami is failing, why
will the people not retire to their re-
gional shopping centers and let down-
town become a fenced-off pile of dead
and ugly boomtime buildings?
The first healthy answer is that
Miami is a mixture of people-types,
most of them gregarious. A sprawl of
one million people requires a central
center for simple civic function. If
the disadvantages of living in great
numbers are to be balanced, there
must be a fission chamber for ideas,
a machine to make cultural sparks. A
city at its best is a place to which peo-
ple are attracted to many stimuli
where collective awareness can grow.
If it is beautiful, that machine can
serve as a symbol of pride. It can serve
as a happy focal reference.
A city should be a place where its
citizens can comfortably meet and ask
each other: "Have you seen -?"
"Did you hear ?" "What do
you think ?" "What will we
do ?"


First Phase-for the 1960's-of a long range plan to
revitalize Miami's CBD (Central Business District). Above
is Flagler Street, devoid of traffic, with 20-foot sidewalks
forming a mall shaded by awnings, with store signs
controlled. Right, for the 1970's Miami Avenue becomes
a tree-planted mall, and its intersection with Flagler
Street is marked by a shelter device fabricated from
aluminum trusses wtih fiberglass covering.


THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT







As downtown Miami exists sep-
arated from the tropical hammocks
nearby, separated from Biscayne Bay
and from the winding Miami River,
separated even from her own parks -
she is as grim as the most uninterest-
ing midwestern city. She is as invit-
ing as her blinding hot concrete side-
walks. She offers very limited stimuli
- at a price of suffering. It would ap-
pear that in her present state, her only
commercial appeal is that "Things
must be cheaper here." There is no
pretense at sophistication. There is
no indication at the center, downtown
core that this is the "Magic City of
the North American Subtropics."
These are the problems that
prompt the Dade County Planning
Department to study and produce
well worked out phases for prosper-
ous growth in the Central Business
District (CBD). These problems
prompt the Planning Board to invite
the Florida South Chapter of the
American Institute of Architects to
develop a character for the area
around a specific city block.
Several architects have poured mid-
night oil into the first thoughts or
schemes which were shown in a


By LESTER PANCOAST
Winner of the informal design
competition to sketch Miami's
future which involved some
1200 hours of freely donated
time on the part of 25 archi-
tectural firms in Miami.


sketch competition judged by Chap-
ter members and the Planning De-
partment. All competition partici-
pants won the honor of restudying
their solutions, and together they
again presented their ideas. If their
proposals for what might be done to
Miami are modest, it is because they
believe that this is the time for real-
istic, not futuristic scheming. These
competitions, then, sifted out the
following plan for the "Magic City
Miami."


First Phase 1960's .. .
To unify the architectural effect of
Flagler Street and Miami Avenue and
to provide shade and rain protection
for new 20-foot sidewalks, colorful
fiberglas sails are stretched in alum-


inum frames and attached to build-
ings above their display windows.
Shade, soft light, color and space
for walking crowds.
As in any well-designed shopping
center, signs are controlled. Stores se-
lect one of three types of signs for
placement on the sunshade frames
which are attached to that establish-
ment.
Competition, the greatest enemy of
commercial signs is here outlawed.
Sign individuality is retained within
equitably distributed spaces and in
store windows. There are valid agree-
ments that unbridled riots of signs
such as New York's Broadway and
Tokyo's Ginza create excitement, at-
mosphere; but great neon concentra-
tions are truly appropriate only in the
night-time amusement centers of huge
cities. As automobiles leave the
streets which become malls, so should
the signs become pedestrian oriented.
Walls and parapets facing the
streets are simplified and painted neu-
tral colors or surfaced with neutral
materials.
Not everything, then, is to be
bright color.
(Continued on Page 24)


By the 1980's the pedestrian mall idea has been accepted
to the extent that upper level pedestrian ways and monu-
mental palms have been developed as an integral part
of the CBD. The new, above ground walkways lead to
central pedestrian malls from off-area parking com-
pounds. These sketches suggest how spaces within city
blocks could be developed to provide special experiences
to attract visitors to Miami's revitalized CBD.


SEPTEMBER, 1960







New Magic...
(Continued from Page 23)
Second Phase 1970's .
The intersection of Flagler Street,
now two lanes wide, and Miami Mall
is dramatized by an aluminum frame
and fiberglas cloth device attached
to the four corner buildings and rest-
ing on four aluminum truss columns.
Informally spaced trees planted in Mi-
ami Mall are Royal Poincianas.
Designed to lift the eye up from
the lower lines of the sunshades, the
device must also be pleasant to look
down upon. Any pedestrian catching
sight of it would know immediately
where he was in relation to the inter-
section of the two malls. Royal Poin-
cianas have pronounced seasonal be-
havior which would often transform
the atmosphere of Miami Mall.

Third Phase 1980's .
The development of Flagler Street
as a pedestrian mall made more for-
mal than that of Miami Mall, by
plantings of monumental palms and
bridged by upper level pedestrian
ways.


Much of the problem of downtown
atmosphere would solve itself with
the first fine palm tree invited to
live on Flagler Street. Formal though
asymetrical plants favor the side of
the street with the most sunlight,
where the trees will offer the most
shade.
Around the overhead pedestrian
ways which feed great numbers of
people into the malls from parking
garages and bus terminals, spaces are
open. These spaces within the city
blocks provide varied special experi-
ences not to be encountered on the
more orderly malls.
The more expansive aspects of re-
building will be undertaken only
when the C.B.D. has begun its re-
covery, and when investment capital
is reassured. Revitalization of Miami
must be accumulative, as is its cur-
rent degeneration.
Though not within the scope of
the architects' assigned problem, so-
lutions were discussed for improving
the four quadrants into which the
city will be divided by the Flagler
and Miami malls. A proposal which
deserves consideration is that of pur-


chasing one poorly developed street
corner in each quadrant, and planting
each densely with royal palms. This
would bring the feeling of Biscayne
Boulevard into the city. In a cor-
ner "square" as small as 50 ft. x 50
ft., sixteen royal palms on 15-ft.
grid, round columns growing from
round irrigated holes in the concrete
- could supply natural relief to ad-
jacent city buildings, while in them-
selves making a strong architectural
statement.


Whether or not the architects'
ideas discussed above will be the final
answers for the problems of down-
town Miami, they are, in fact, more
than mere beautification. They are
realistic, buildable answers, and not
elusive dreams.
As the central point of reference
on this choice flatness between the
Everglades and the Gulf Stream,
downtown Miami cries for character.
The owners and users of this city
must become aware that their C.B.D.
is the one greatest physical expression
of their own collective character.


QUALITY


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Hamilton Plywood of Orlando, Inc.,
924 Sligh Blvd., GA 5-4604
Hamilton Plywood of St. Petersburg, Inc.,
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Hamilton Plywood of Ft. Lauderdale, Inc.,
1607 S.W. 1st Ave., JA 3-5415
Hamilton Plywood of Jacksonville, Inc.,
1043 Haines St. Expressway, EL 6-8542


iJ
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. : .. :, ,. :. 1 ,: :: -. -''
-. .. .,- .. ...: .
.

THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT









































With the approach of the Prestressed Con-
crete Institute convention in New York, we are
proud to remember that the organization had
its beginning in Florida.
Chartered in June, 1954, the Institute now
has a roster of 720 with members in 43 states
in the U. S. A., and in 33 other countries.
We pay tribute to the following Florida
manufacturers of prestressed concrete units as
pioneers of progress for their creativeness, vision.
and perserverance:

BAMMAN PRECAST CONCRETE CORPORATION, Hollywood
BRANNEN, INC., Sarasota
CAPITOL CONCRETE CORPORATION, Jacksonville
DURA-STRESS, INC., Leesburg
DUVAL ENGINEERING & CONTRACTING CO., Jacksonville
WELL ENGINEERING AND CONTRACTING CO., Lakeland
FINFROCK INDUSTRIES, INC., Orlando
FLORIDA LITH-I-BAR, INC., Miami
FLORIDA PRESTRESSED CONCRETE CO., INC., Tampa
JUNO PRESTRESSORS, INC., West Palm Beach
LEWIS MANUFACTURING CO., INC., Miami
MAULE INDUSTRIES, INC., Miami
PERMA-STRESS, INC., Holly Hill
PRESTRESSED CONCRETE, INC., Lakeland
SOUTHERN PRESTRESSED CONCRETE CO., INC., Pensacola
WEST COAST SHELL CORPORATION, Sarasota
F H- '.'. I- HT iNJ.: F, rj.


* Prestressed Concrete dual bridges, Lake County, Florida, are
symbols of economy in construction and maintenance .
Photograph courtesy of Dura-Stress, Inc., Leesburg.


CONI MENTION
OF THE
PRESTRESSED CONCRETE INSTITUTE

SEPTEMBER 27.30. 1960

CONVENTION HE.DQUIRTERS
HOTEL STATLER HILTON, NEW YORK CITY


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TEIEPHto1E CETR4fL r.. i


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PENINSULAR DIVISION, JACKSON, MICHIGAN VICTOR DIVISION, FREDONIA, KANSAS
SEPTEMBER, 1960












































MEDALLION HOME AWARDS

BRING PRESTIGE TO ARCHITECTS


This Medallion certifies that a home meets modern requirements
for electrical living. It guarantees that the home is designed to
provide many work-saving and comfort features. It's a "most-
wanted" home that turns clients into delighted homeowners. It
reflects the architect's professional pride in up-grading residential
standards for modern living... Better Living, Electrically.

a MEDALLION HOME must meet these
basic requirements:
* ALL-ELECTRIC KITCHEN-LAUNDRY that includes at least 4 major elec-
trical appliances... water heater, cooking range, clothes dryer, dishwasher,
or other "Reddy-servants."
* FULL HOUSEPOWER (100-200 amp service) with large enough wire and
ample circuits, outlets and switches for maximum convenience and efficiency
... now and in the future.
* LIGHT-FOR-LIVING properly planned for every part of the house and
outdoors, for decorative beauty and utility.


FLORIDA POWER & LIGHT CO.


The Medallion Home campaign
is backed by multi-million dollar
promotions in newspapers and
magazines, on TV and radio. Call
our office for full details and spec-
ifications to qualify your homes for
Medallion Awards.


THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT








News & Notes


International Competition
for Century 21 Exposition
An international competition for a
$250,000 civic center project for
metropolitan Seattle has just been an-
nounced. J. Lister Holmes, FAIA, of
Seattle is the professional advisor; and
registration applications should be ob-
tained from his office at Seattle Civic
Center Fountain Competition, 215
Eighth Avenue, Seattle 9, Wash.
Competition jurors are: Nathaniel
A. Owings, FAIA, Bernard Rosenthal,
sculptor, Garrett Eckbo, landscape
architect, and H. Peter Oberlander,
professor of architecture and design,
University of British Columbia. In
addition, Paul Thiry, FAIA and Fred
B. McCoy, building superintendent
of Seattle, will act as ex-officio jurors.
Deadline for registration with the
professional advisor is October 14.


pondence with the Architect to the
Board of Control (reported elsewhere
in this issue). Discussion of the FAA
fiscal policy developed into the ap-
pointment of a budget policy commit-
tee with the general charge of deter-
mining a long-range fiscal policy
consistent with the organizational
aims of the FAA and embracing
recommendations, if any, for a revis-
ion of the FAA's basic dues structure.
Named to this committee were: H.
Samuel Kruse, one year; Verncr John-
son, one year; Joseph M. Shifalo, two
years; John Stetson, two years, and
Roy M. Pooley, Jr., three years. The
staggered terms are to assure continu-
ity of experience and understanding
of FAA matters.
Regional Director Robert M. Little,
FAIA, announced his nominations for
national committee appointments as
follows: AIA/AGC, John Stetson;
AIA/P.C., Verncr Johnson; Awards


& Scholarships, Wahl J. Snyder,
FAIA; Chapter Affairs, Robert Abele;
Disaster Control, E. T. II. Bowen,
II; Index to Arch. Info., James T.
Lendrum; Office Practice, Robert II.
Levison; Pres. His. Bldgs., Belford
Shoumate; P/R, Edward G. Grafton;
Research, Turpin C. Bannister, FAIA;
Schls. & Ed. Facil., C. Ellis Duncan;
Education, Arthur L. Campbell; Jury
of Fellows, Russell T. Pancoast,
FAIA; AIA/Eng., Walter B. Schultz;
Community Planning, T. Trip Rus-
sell; Hospitals & Health, Irvin Korach;
Home Building, Alfred B. Parker, FAIA.


Personals .
Samuel M. Puder, AIA, formerly
associated with Edwin T. Reeder As-
sociates, has opened his own office
at 6080 S. W. 62nd PI., So. Miami.
(Continued on Page 28)


FAA Board Okays
Insurance Program A New Chapter for Women in Construction
Acting on a thoroughly documented
survey report by Clifford F. Gould,
CLU, the FAA Board of Directors,
at its August 13 meeting held in the e
Fenway Hotel, Dunedin, authorized
activation of a program of professional r
insurance for all FAA members. Mr.
Gould was appointed as an insurance
consultant for the FAA at the 1959
FAA Convention. Since then he has
been surveying the insurance needs of
FAA members; and his report to the
Board was in the form of a detailed
breakdown relative to such needs and
the extent to which FAA members -
were now adequately covered by pres-
ent-day insurance standards.
The insurance consultant made
clear that present insurance inequities
could be adjusted and a program de-
veloped which would assure FAA
Women in Construction, a national organization originating in Fort Worth,
members any sort of coverage to meet Texas, in 1953, and now numbering 41 chapters in 12 states-with 17 other
their individual needs. He indicated states ready and waiting to be chartered-put its official stamp on its newest
that the next step in this program chapter in Daytona Beach on August Ilth at an organizational dinner meeting
at Ormond Beach. Attending were 23 members, including three national officers
would be personal discussions with from Texas. Here are the newly installed officers of the Daytona Beach Chapter,
individual architects or firm principals with guests. Seated, left to right, Mrs. Lucille Holman, Natl. Exten. Dir., Corpus
to analyze specific requirements and Christi, Tex.; Mrs. Francis R. Walton, Chapter President; Mrs. Carrie Ann
Marquette, National President; Mrs. Lois Acker, president, Dallas Chapter,
to develop individual programs for sponsor of the Daytona Beach group. Standing: Mrs. Irene Lewis, vice president;
each. Mrs. Erlene Connor and Mrs. Eve Guilmette, board members; Miss Sandra
Goodwill, secretary pro tem; Mrs. Ruth Lutz, treasurer; Mrs. Gen Spicer and
Other Board business included Mrs. Grace Brown, board members. Two other chapters of the growing
President Stetson's report of his con- organization have been chartered in Florida. One is in Jacksonville, Mrs. Thomas
ferences with members of the Devel- L. Walker, president; the other in Tampa, Mrs. Mary Rogers, president....
General objectives are to unite women engaged in various phases of the con-
opment Commission and his corres- struction industry for their mutual benefit and fellowship.
SEPTEMBER, 1960 27







Our Tradition Is


Quality..


S0


Tradition, says the dictionary, is a long
established custom. With us, that long
established custom is dependability, solid
worth and honest value in every one of the
many building products we handle. This
started many years ago as a basic policy of
our business. We have never changed it...
Today, as one result of our continuing tra-
dition of quality, an architect can specify
with complete confidence any of the fine
building products we distribute. He can be
sure that in doing so his client is getting the
long-term economy and high performance
that use of quality materials assure .



For SExam e..,
TRENDWOOD RANDOM PLANK


by Marlite*
Six new wood-grain Trendwood finishes
capture all the soft, warm colorings of fine
hardwoods. In Swiss and American Walnut,
English Oak, Swedish and Italian Cherry, Dan-
ish Birch Trendwoods are plastic-finished
with melamine, long-wearing, easy to clean,
won't discolor Random Plank Trendwood
is rugged, easily installed over virtually any
type of interior surface, saves money, cuts
upkeep cost.


compare it...

with any prefinished panel



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71 N. W. 11th TERRACE, MIAMI --- FRanklin 3-0811
QUALIY Service to Florida's west coast is from our warehouse at Palmetto .
PRODUCr Call Palmetto 2-1011
M


News & Notes
(Continued from Page 27)
Theodore Gottfried, AIA, has
moved his professional office to 3298
Mary Street, Coconut Grove.
R. William Clayton, Jr., has estab-
lished his own office at 19711 N.W.
6th Court, Miami.
D. Thomas Kincaid has announced
a new office for his practice at 1482
6th Street, N. W., Spring Lake Ter-
race, Winter Haven.

State Board Ups
Registration Exam Fees
Fees for examinations given by the
State Board of Architecture as the
basis for registration to practice have
been increased, according to an an-
nouncement made recently by Mor-
ton T. Ironmonger, AIA, secretary-
treasurer of the Board. From now on
applications for examinations in Clas-
sifications A (junior written examina-
tion), A-1 (senior examination), and
B-l (for registration by exemption)
must be accompanied by a fee of $25,
instead of $15. Application for regis-
tration on the basis of an NCARB
certificate now entails a fee of $46
instead of $31 as formerly.
The new examination fee schedule
entitles a new applicaant to try a
second time if he fails to pass all
written examinations on his first at-
tempt. On all subsequent attempts,
however, the Board now requires a re-
examination fee of $5 for each subject
taken.
Increased costs of conducting the
twice-yearly, four-day examination ses-
sions made the new fee schedule ne-
cessary, the Board secretary said. For
some years past the January and June
examinations have been held simultan-
eously in Jacksonville and Miami, pri-
marily for the convenience of regis-
tration candidates, but also because it
had proved impractical to provide
all facilities required for the examina-
tions in one location. The increased
volume of examinees has also made
it necessary for the Board to retain
additional help in processing applica-
tions, conducting examinations and
grading papers. The former fee sched-
ule did not meet these combined
costs; and the Board was thus expend-
ing funds needed for the conduct of
its legal and regulatory activities, the
secretary explained.
THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT
















f LUXURIOUS




OL






MUCH SAFER, MORE
DEPENDABLE, TOO!






By now, just about everybody knows
that Florida homes need heat during
our short but chilly winter cold
snaps... That efficient, dependable
Some heating doesn't have to cost
much in Florida... That OIL heat
averages about HALF the cost of
heat from other fuels... And that you
don't have to pay a premium price
for fuel oil when you use it for home
S heating only! If you'll insist on
clean, safe, economical OIL heat-
you'll never "take a beating" on the
thcost of home heating!


BUILDORAMA, DUPONT PLAZA CENTER, MIAMI
On .. .See the oil heating display at Buildorama,
Dupont Plaza Center, Miami

MR. ARCHITECT: This ad summarizes the home heating cost story your prospective clients have
been reading in newspapers and magazines and listening to on TV and radio. They'll welcome your
recommendation of economical, dependable OIL heat in their houses. They'll be grateful to you in
the years to come. If you need oil home heating information we'll be glad to provide it.
SEPTEMBER, 1960







Condensate

Gutter


DRAIN S


N.
' -


Lupton ... the first curtain wall
with condensate gutter. Collects
condensate or any possible see-
page and drains it to the out-
side. Tremendous water proof-
ing insurance.
Lupton Aluminum Curtain Wall
provides a sturdy, light-
weight, complete exterior-in-
terior wall for modern build-
ings.





LUPTON


New Light...
(Continued from Page 13)
chitect to the Board of Control.
Where outstanding services are rend-
ered by associate firms, recognition of
this outstanding service is given by
repetitive appointment.

Question 2 (h): "Do you know of
any plan to eliminate the use of
associated architects on work ac-
complished by the State Board of
Control?"
Absolutely, I know of no such plan.
The Board of Control has been very
firm in its policy relative to the pre-
paration of plans by associate archi-
tects. To my knowledge it is their de-
sire that three-fourths of all commis-
sions be performed by associate archi-
tects when the operation of its own
architect's office permits this ratio.
I hope that this letter has been
informative to you and your com-
mittee. I will welcome an opportun-
ity to answer any further questions
which may remain. I hope that
through the efforts of this office in
the proper coordination of all profes-
sional services rendered by architects
and engineers on our university camp-
uses it simultaneously becomes pos-
sible for our associates to find this re-
lationship a more profitable one.

..... ii........... .

President's Message ..
(Continued from Page 8)
sculptor, in a short while it may be-
come a statue of lasting beauty des-
tined forever to be admired.
Our heritage in this country is
progress, growth and never-ending re-
sources. But without the proper
guidance, as in the case of the block
of marble, the basic materials may be
destined to virtual oblivion. Actually
most of Florida's beauty, particularly
in the southern part of the state, must
be man-created. Fortunately or un-
fortunately, only certain men are
trained to create or augment this
beauty. Architects, landscape archi-
tects, planners (with the proper train-
ing and experience), artists and sculp-
tors all have a place in this planning
for the future.
We now have, within a short dis-
tance of every progressive community
in the State if not in its geograph-
ic limits --men well trained in these


A Few Lighting Fixtures
from the PRESCOLITE
SNEW PRODUCT PARADE


472-570


477-
577
570


SATELLITES
A new departure ,n
beautiful, hand blown
"'Thermopal. glass used
with pendant fixture or
on recessed housings.


ti rite for
u otherr t nformat.on

PRESCOLITE MFG. CORP.
2229 Pourrn St.. Berkeley, Calif.
FAC1OIS Berkeley. (alif Nelha mln P a El Dorodo Ark
. . .. . . . .


A.R.COGSWELL

"SINCE 1921"




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Jacksonville, Fla.



THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT







fields. It is not necessary for our
town fathers to seek so-called experts
from out of state. We have them right
here, complete with briefcase. But
more importantly we have men famil-
iar with the flora and fauna (particu-
larly the two-legged variety) and with
the very soil of which we must build.
They pay taxes here, educate their
children here. And they are also your
neighbors with far more interest in
their state and community than out-
siders.
At any rate, it should behoove ev-
ery man, woman and child to make
an effort of note to stimulate better
community planning and beautifica-
tion. Think what Florida would be if
each of us planted just one flowering
shrub each year, and pulled a few
handfuls of weeds and still better,
demanded that each of our communi-
ties permit no more bad building or
junky additions and that all improve-
ments be accomplished in compliance
with a master plan.
Florida could stop spending its
money on advertising. We would be
forced to limit immigration in self-
defense.




ADVERTISERS' INDEX
Aichel Steel and Supply Co. 30
American Celcure
Wood Preserving Co.. 21
Belcher Oil Co. . 7
Better Fuel Council of
Dade County . 14
Blumcraft of Pittsburgh 10
A. R. Cogswell . 30
Dwoskin, Inc . 5
Dunan Brick Yards, Inc. 3rd Cover
Electrend Distributing Co. 16
Federal Seaboard
Terra Cotta Corp. 6
Florida Home Heating Institute 29
Florida Portland Cement Div.. 25
Florida Power and Light Co. 26
Florida Steel Corp. . 4
Florida Tile Industries 1
George C. Griffin Co. 8
Hamilton Plywood . 24
Holloway Materials
Corp. Insert 15-18
The Houston Corp. . 32
Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co. 9
Prescolite. . 30
Sta-Brite Fluorscent Mfg. Co. 3
F. Graham Williams Co. 31


SEPTEMBER, 1960


F. GRAHAM WILLIAMS, Chairman
JOHN F. HALLMAN, JR., Pres. & Treasurer G. ED LUNSFORD, JR., Secretary
MARK. P. J. WILLIAMS, Vice-Pres. FRANK D. WILLIAMS, Vice-Pres.






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with






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THE FLORIDA ARCHITECT













Know-How...


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S. The first Convention of the new decade-
which some are already calling "The Sizzling
Sixties" will be at Hollywood in November.
The Broward County Chapter will be the host;
and members are already at work developing
the theme "Man, Climate and The Architect"
into a program which promises to be both pro-
vocative and unusual. It's not too early to
plan for the 1960 FAA Convention right now.
There's a good chance you'll be invited to par-
ticipate as well as to attend .
















SFAA CONVENTION




UAL FAA CONVENTION


1960 HOLLYWOOD BEACH HOTEL HOLLYWOOD