Front Cover
 That convention was planned for...
 It made history
 They'll steer the ship in 1955
 Infinite possibilities lie...
 Joint commitee's work is bearing...
 Our profession...
 "Finest architectural show ever...
 The president repots on business...
 Mikey's talk stresses need of closer...
 Joint architect-engineer commi...
 F.A.A. legislative program
 Joint architect-engineer committee...
 Gamble is president, Wortman secretary-...
 The convention's parade of...
 Back Cover


Florida architect
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073793/00006
 Material Information
Title: Florida architect
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: American Institute of Architects -- Florida Association
Florida Association of Architects
Publisher: Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication: Tallahassee Fla
Creation Date: December 1954
Frequency: quarterly
Subjects / Keywords: Architecture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 4, no. 3 (July 1954)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1996.
Issuing Body: Official journal of the Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects.
Issuing Body: Issued by: Florida Association of Architects of the American Institute of Architects, 1954- ; Florida Association of the American Institute of Architects, <1980->.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 06827129
lccn - sn 80002445
issn - 0015-3907
System ID: UF00073793:00006
 Related Items
Preceded by: Bulletin (Florida Association of Architects)
Succeeded by: Florida/Caribbean architect

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    That convention was planned for you!
        Page 1
        Page 2
    It made history
        Page 3
        Page 4
    They'll steer the ship in 1955
        Page 5
    Infinite possibilities lie ahead
        Page 6
        Page 7
    Joint commitee's work is bearing fruit
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Our profession...
        Page 10
        Page 11
    "Finest architectural show ever given"
        Page 12
        Page 13
    The president repots on business & It made history (continued from page 5)
        Page 14
    Mikey's talk stresses need of closer national contact for F.A.A.
        Page 15
    Joint architect-engineer committee
        Page 16
        Page 17
    F.A.A. legislative program
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
    Joint architect-engineer committee (continued from page 17) & Infinite possibilities lie ahead (continued from page 7)
        Page 22
    Gamble is president, Wortman secretary- Treasurer for 1955 - Officers and directors get unaniimous vote
        Page 23
    The convention's parade of products
        Page 24
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text

1954 *

Official Journal





The Maule Dox System provides a fast, simplified,
low-cost method of constructing durable floors
and flat or sloped roofs from precast, reinforced
concrete planks. It is suitable for use in residential,
agricultural, commercial and industrial buildings.

Some of the Advantages of the Maule Dox System
Permits SpansWith Flat Ceiling Side Requiring A Minimum Of Finishing. Permits
Wide Choice Of Floor Or Roof Covering Saves Space And Materials-Reduces
Building Height 4 to 6 Inches Per Floor* Assures Uniform Live Loads ... Provides
Low Dead Load Deflection Under Load Minimized by Built-In Camber... Excellent
Elastic Recovery. Precasting And Proper Curing Eliminates Hazards Of Improper
Field Construction Provides Full Ventilation Under Building. Saves Time, Labor
And Materials. Simplifies Utility And Other Service Installations. Conforms To
Standard Building Practices And Specifications Approved and Used by U.S.
Army and Navy, Federal Housing, etc.
For Detailed Information About Maule Dox Planks Write or Phone


PHONE 2-7261 LOgan 4-1211
3075 North Miami Ave. 1335 Northeast 26th St.

D --
A. Modular surface of each beam quickly fills in floor
or roof area. Floor area thus becomes immediate
working deck for other tradesmen to use.
B. Tongue-and-groove design provides positive interlocking
of beams... distributes loads evenly over entire floor...
automatically aligns floor in tight, level position.
C. Specially designed openings in each block reduce weight
and facilitate installation of utilities, cold air returns, etc.
D. Recessed channels at bottom of block provide accurate
spacing and positive, safe anchoring of reinforcing rods.
E. Steel reinforcing rods give structural strength.
Built in camber further insures strength of beams.

^*. ^1

* rnicii ILU

Florida Architect

Official Journal of the
florida Association of Architects
of the American Institute of Architects

DECEMBER, 1954 VOL. 5, NO. 8

Officers of The F. A. A.
Igor 1. Polevitzky _-_- __ President
250 N. E. 18th St., Miami
G. Clinton Gamble ____Secy.-Treas.
1407 E. Las Olas Blvd., Ft. Laud.

Florida North Central Chapter
James A. Stripling David W. Potter
Florida South Chapter
T. Trip Russell Herbert H. Johnson
Palm Beach Chapter
George J. Votaw Edgar S. Wortman
Broward County Chapter
Robert G. Jahelka
Morton T. Ironmonger
Florida North Chapter
Edward M. Fearney Franklin S. Bunch
Florida Central Chapter
John Bruce Smith Lawrance W. Hitt
Daytona Beach Chapter
Francis R. Walton David A. Leete

monthly under the authority and direction
of the Florida Association of Architects'
Publication Committee: Igor B. Polevitzky,
G. Clinton Gamble, Edwin T. Reeder. Edi-
tor: Roger W. Sherman.
Correspondents Broward County Chap-
ter: Morton T. Ironmonger . Florida
North Chapter: Robert E. Crosland. Ocala;
F. A. Hollingsworth, St. Augustine; Lee
Hooper, Jacksonville; H. L. Lindsey, Gaines-
ville; J. H. Look, Pensacola; E. J. Moughton,
Sanford . Florida North Central Chap-
ter: Norman P. Gross, Panama City Area;
Henry T. Hey, Marianna Area; Charles W.
Saunders, Jr., Tallahassee Area . Florida
Central Chapter: Henry L. Roberts, Tampa;
W. Kenneth Miller, Orlando; John M. Cro-
well, Sarasota.
Editorial contributions, information on
Chapter and individual activities and cor-
respondence are welcomed; but publication
of any particular item cannot be guaran-
teed and all copy is subject to approval
of the Publ:cat;on Committee. All or part
of the FLORIDA ARCHITECT'S editorial
material may be freely reprinted, provided
credit is accorded both the FLORIDA AR-
CHITECT and the author for prior publi-
Also welcomed are advertisements of
those materials, products and services
adaptable for use in Florida. Mention of
names, or illustrations of such materials
and products in editorial columns or ad-
vertising pages does not constitute en-
dorsement by either the Publication Com-
mittee or the Florida Assocaition of Archi-
Address all communications relative to
both editorial and advertising matters to
the Editor 7225 S. W. 82nd Court, Miami
43, Florida.


That Convention

Was Planned For You!

Whether or not you attended it, the 40th Convention was Yours.
It was Your organization that met to ratify proposals, to set policies.
Your representatives spent their own time and money to further the
interests of Your profession. It was fun for them yes. But the work
they did and it was plenty! will reflect itself in benefits to You.
Because of this Convention, Your professional position will be
stronger; Your state laws will ultimately afford You better rules for
doing business. Your relationships with other professionals of the build-
ing industry engineers with whom You work and the general con-
tractors who build Your designs will improve as time goes on.
This Convention has developed for You cooperative proposals with
other groups, as one means for assuring Yourself of fair professional
practices. And it has achieved, for the profession of which You are a
part, a leading role in the effort toward making Your profession a
vital factor in the future development of this great State in which You
live and work.
Because of this Convention, Your professional practice has been
made more secure, Your business relationships smoother, Your future
prospects brighter.
Not all can attend Conventions. But ALL can support those organi-
zations of busy people who make Conventions necessary. It was the
first Roosevelt who said, "Every man owes it to his own stature as a
citizen to give some of his time and effort to advancing the business or
profession of which he is a part."
Yes Conventions and the F.A.A. that hold them are constantly
working for You. Are You doing all You can for them?
If you couldn't go to Palm Beach cheer up! Next year You can
plan on Daytona Beach. And, in the meantime You can read what
happened in these columns.

Here's most of the 40th Convention Committee, taken in a relaxed mood
in a pleasant Palm Beach courtyard. Standing, left to right, Ames Bennett,
Harold Obst, Maurice Holley, Dave Shriver, Belford Shoumate. Seated,
Fred Seelman, Convention Chairman Ray Plockelman, Chapter President
Edgar S. Wortman, John Stetson. Absent were Gustav Maas, Emily Obst,
Hilliard Smith, and George Votaw.

Behind The Charm of Such A Festive Board



The St. Charles Dealers of Florida
HOPKINS-SMITH, Architects' Sample Bureau,
5040 Biscayne Blvd., Miami . Also in
Hollywood and Ft. Lauderdale.
kins-Smith) The Eola Plaza, 431 East Cen-
tral Ave., Orlando.
Street, South, St. Petersburg.
Photo, Courtesy of Better Homes and Gardens

.. *Should Be A St. Charles Custom Kitchen



Fi -t



Billed as "a three-day round of fun", the F. A. A.'s Annual

Convention chalked up a record of sound accomplishment

that may mark the real start of a future solid unity among

all factors of Florida's huge and sprawling building industry

When IcoR B. POI.EV.'TKY, flanked
\VORTMIAN, banged down the gavel
,it ten minutes to twelve on Saturday.
November 20, history took over the
40th Annual Convention of the Flor-
ida Association of Architects.
The label of history's niche for this
particular Convention might well be
rittcn as The Meeting of the Co-
'erators. For the three-day session
,ainst the lush background of a mil-
)nairc's playground was indelibly
arked by a remarkable unanimity of
)pinion and a course of action that
put several stamps of approval on a
number of significant proposals.
Most of these proposals did not, of
course, originate at this Convention.
Indeed, the entire session appeared
to generate little that could be called
new business. But in ratifying the
measures that came before it, the
Convention charted a future course
for the F.A.A. that will undoubtedly
have far-reaching and permanently
beneficial results.
Thus, though its advance billing
had been "a three-day round of fun",
the 40th Convention recorded a great
deal more solid accomplishment
than most participants probably an-
ticipated. And, probably, more than
most F.A.A. members realize. BEN-
MONT TENCH, JR., F.A.A. legal coun-
selor, hit squarely to the point during
his comment on the Association's leg-
islative program.

"Never before that I know of," he
said, "Ilas so. much real work been
done by a group who thought they
were going to play! What this Con-
vention has accomplished points to
one main fact. The Florida Associa-
tion of Architects has grown up.
"Proposals accepted here relative to
legislation, to active cooperation with
general contractors and with engineers
prove that fact beyond a shadow of a
doubt. The Association has suddenly
assumed the adult status of leader-
ship in the building industry of this
State. It cannot possibly go back on
that responsibility. And it must real-
ize that, in accepting it, there are
many obstacles along the read ahead.
"Certainly not all the going will
he smooth. But on the basis of your
collective attitude as shown by your
action during this Convention, I be-
lieve the end results will be worth
the effort of every individual member
needed to achieve them."
Reports of most committee recom-
mnendations and their reports on their
past year's work fully substantiated
Tench's comments. Among the most
immediately important were those
dealing with legislation and with the
cooperative programs proposed be-
tween architects and general con-
tractors and between architects and
engineers. These reports, with notes
on the Convention's action on them,
are covered elsewhere in these col-

Otherwise, here itl brief are high-
lights of Convention business:
During- the past year membership
has increased 25 per cent; and dues,
thanks largely to the new schedule of
payments started last year, almost
doubled. The Association is in a
healthy financial position with anti-
cipated income for the coming year
fully able to meet all budgeted ex-
Work of the secretary-treasurer's
office has so expanded that division
is now almost a necessity. Secretarial
activities have grown into nearly 100
subject classifications; and this year
regular accounting books have been
set up to care for the growing com-
plexity of the treasurer's office. For
next year, the Convention authorized
the Executive Board to appoint an
assistant to the combined offices,
pending their actual separation and
the election of a treasurer as an indi-
vidual officer of the F.A.A.
With a new publishing policy and
a complete change in both size and
format, the F.A.A. Bulletin became,
last July, the official journal of the
F.A.A. as The Florida Architect. Since
that time it has been issued as a regu-
lar monthly professional magazine
and has become, in the words of
EDMUND R. PURVES, Executive Di-


rector of the A.I.A., "one of the best
in a great field of Institute publica-
Plans for its future include expan-
sion of circulation among groups of
Florida's building industry whose in-
terests are aligned with those of ar-
chitects, thus making the publication
a medium for professional public re-
lations as well as a journal of profes-
sional news and comment. Expansion
of its advertising volume will also
permit the magazine to become a
source of additional income to the
Public Information and
Governmental Relations:
Recommendations included wider
and more consistent use of standard
A.I.A. building signs by F.A.A. mem-
bers, also possible use of decals for
both office and car windows. Offered
to the Convention was a case study
of an architectural exhibit held in St.
Petersburg, details of which will ap-
pear as part of the January issue of
The Florida Architect.
Possible reprinting or revision -
of the pamphlet Presenting Your Ar-
chitect was also suggested. A copy is
being sent with this issue of The
Florida Architect to the magazine's
circulation list. You are requested to

C. Herrick Hammond, F.A.I.A., of
Delray Beach, presided at the brief
dinner ceremony honoring Florida's
two new A.I.A. Fellows, Sanford W.
Goin and Marion Sims Wyeth. Mr.
Hammond, now of the Palm Beach
Chapter, is a former President of

study it carefully and note your com-
ments regarding it along these lines:
1 .... Should it be reprinted
as is"?
2 .... Should it be reissued but
with revision in copy and for-
3 .... If so, what revision do you
For convenience, send your com-
ments to The Florida Architect, 7225

S. W. 82nd Court, Miami 43, Flor-
ida. They will be classified and
turned over to the Executive Board
for approval and action as indicated
by the Committee concerned.

Education and Registration:
Mostly this was a strong recom-
mendation that the F.A.A. support
the building program proposed for
the College of Architecture and Al-
lied Arts of the University of Flor-
ida-on which the Convention voiced
approval. The report also indicated
that the student loan fund now had
total assets of $977.18, with notes
receivable of $625. Noted also was
the scholarship set up by the Florida
North Chapter and first offered of-
fered in February to students with
an average above 3.0.
The Convention approved, in prin-
ciple, recommendations that a con-
certed drive be instituted by each in-
dividual Chapter of the F.A.A. Ac-
tion must necessarily be at the Chap-
ter level; but help in formation of
new Chapters (as a result of re-
districting, for example) would come
from the Association's membership
committee, as would help in timing
and coordinating organized expan-
sion activities of Chapters.

- '-., i

Informality and casual good fellowship was the order
of the evening during the "Annual Banquet"-a buffet
dinner served to over 300 in La Coquille's brand-new
meeting hall. Convention Chairman Ray Plockelman

opened the festivities, then bravely turned the meeting
over to the master-of-ceremony team-Edwin T. Reeder
and Roger W. Sherman-who somehow managed to get
everybody introduced with their right names.


Both report and recommendations
were essentially the same as material
on this subject published on pages
10 and 11 of the October, 1954,
issue of The Florida Architect. Since
last year's Convention had already
approved a redistricting plan in prin-
ciple, action this year centered about
ways of implementing it.
That, in turn, involved important
by-law changes and the Convention
decided that due notice relative to
such changes had already been given
via official publication. Accordingly,
needed changes were authorized, sub-
ject to review and approval by
F.A.A.'s legal counsel.
The Convention directed the
Executive Board to take steps as may
be necessary to implement the plan
and thus to permit it to become
operative beginning in 1956.
Through its discussion and final
unaniminity on this action, this Con-
vention took a long and progressive
step ahead, according to opinions of
F.A.A. leaders. In effect, this re-
districting will stimulate expansion
of F.A.A. activities throughout the
State by permitting possible forma-
tion of new Chapters. It will tend
to stabilize F.A.A. policies and pro-
grams, since members of the Execu-
tive Board will undoubtedly be
elected by their respective Chapters
for staggered terms, thereby assuring
a desirable degree of continuity on
the Board. It will also set up a more
logical representation of F.A.A. mem-
bership, since the number of direc-
tors will vary, from one to three, ac-
cording to the size of each Chapter.
Finally, it will divide the State
into three general sections, each in-
cluding a number of Chapters, thus
adopting, for the State organization,
the same type of regional set-up that
has proved so valuable as a coordin-
ating factor in the national A.I.A.
organization. Each of the three State
Sections-North, South and Central
-will be headed by an F.A.A. Vice-
President, responsible for coordinat-
ing F.A.A. affairs and Chapter activi-
ties in his section.
A fourth section would be com-
prised of the U. of F. Student Chap-
ter. This Section will cover the entire
Stite, relative to student activities,
(Continued on Page 14)

They'll Steer The Ship in 1955

- .- ~~~~j

.~. 'I~%~J~
b ~~ SI*r

NEW F.A.A. PRESIDENT is G. Clinton worked with Russell T. Pancoast and
Gambles, Ft. Lauderdale, principal in opened his own office in 1946 after
the firm of Gamble, Pownall & Gilroy. returning from Naval service as Lt.
A member of Broward Chapter, he is Commdr. C.E.C.
closing a 2-year term as F. A.A. Secy.- In 1950 he was President of the
Treas. and has been an A.I.A. member Broward Chapter; has been a member
Broward Chapter; has been a member
sine 1936.
sine 1936. of the F.A.A. Executive Board for the
The new president was born in New- of the cutive Board for the
ark, N. J., but has been a Florida resi- past four years, is Chairman of the
dent since the age of two. His regis- joint F.A.A. A.G.C. Committee and a
tration certificate dates from 1936, member of Rotary International. He
two years after graduation from Univ. is married and the father of two chil-
of Miami's architectural school. He dren, Christopher, 8, and Nancy, 6.

URER for 1955 is Edgar
S. Wortman, Palm Beach
Chapter, who was born in
Bellefontaine, Ohio, but
has headed his own offices
in West Palm Beach and
Lake Worth since 1937.
He studied architecture at
Chicago Technical College
and Ohio State University,
and during World War II
served overseas as Lt. Col.
in the Army Engineers,
returning to professional
practice at Lake Worth in
1947. He is married and
active in civic affairs. He
is now closing a term as
Chapter President.

1 1 ; 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1151111111111111 11111

Infinite Possibilities Lie Ahead

A distinguished architect from Havana,
one of Cuba's most successful profession-
al men and a member of the Congress
for International Architects, addressed
the 40th Annual F. A. A. Convention
during the Annual Stag Luncheon Meet-
Sing. Here is his message.


An architect is concerned funda-
mentally with the needs of people.
To serve these needs, he must under-
stand the past in order to recognize
and evaluate the contemporary social
and economic forces that shape his
own society. He must sense the
changes taking place in the world
around him. And, in recognizing the
needs of his fellow-man, he must be
able to relate his observations to the
organization of space to serve these
History proves that truly creative
architecture always grows naturally,
unconsciously, from man's needs. It
must reflect the character of his life,
his work and his play in a true expres-
sion of his kind of society.
This relation of the architect to his
particular society has not changed
through the centuries. It has been,
and continues to be, a basic measure
of the architect's understanding of
men and his ability to solve their
problems. And, though in solving
these problems the emphasis may be
placed on the provision of a more
challenging environment, it is actu-
ally the method by which the prob-
lems become solved that is of greatest
That is true because the method
of the approach to the problem has
remained unchanged through the
years. In terms of visual aspects and

different uses of space and materials,
it may appear that the method has
changed. But it is still the same.
The age-old method is not one of
improvisation, but an orderly process
of research and analysis. It is a
creative development the organiza-
tion of three-dimensional space, con-
ceived simultaneously in terms of
economy, structural efficiency and
harmony of appearance.
It is through this independent and
creative attitude that the architect
will arrive at basic solutions-and not
by accepting ready-made formulas.
For again, method is more important
than the adaptation of accumulated
facts and figures.
The theme of this discussion -
"Architecture Under the Sun"-is too
wide for the exact meaning of the
words. So, let us limit it to our tropi-
cal part of the world. Let us confine
the theme to contemporary architec-
ture under the Cuban sun. And to
begin it, let us glance back to a few
hundred years ago-to the time before
good old Christopher Columbus had
set foot on what he later called "the
most beautiful land that human eyes
have seen", thereby qualifying as the
first agent of the Cuban Tourist
Then, Cuba's native population was
composed of the poorest Indians in
all the Americas. They were primi-

tive, in sharp contrast with the civil-
isation of the relatively near-by Aztecs
and Mayans in Central America and
Mexico. There existed among them
no political unity. They lived in
small groups, independent, but pa-
cific. They were not artistic; and
their art as we know it was largely
confined to clay kitchen utensils and
small, crude sculptures of their gods.
Their constructions were of the
same degree and quality. They used
only two shapes, round and rectangu-
lar-the first with conical thatched
roofs, all with palm-wood walls with
reed, or flexible cane, ties. These
were nothing to be proud of really.
Some of them were so poor that the
roofs sprang right from the floor. Such
were called baxareques the word
used today in Cuba to express the
lowest sort of a dwelling. Yet they
fulfilled the needs of their builders
for simple, peaceful living; and showed
good use of the simple materials of
which they were made.
First years of the Spanish domina-
tion saw the transformation of these
primitive structures. Clay tile took
the place of thatch for roofing; and
cedar planks and later stone, were
used for walls instead of mud or plain
palm-wood boards. By the end of
the 17th Century, houses were being
plastered, both inside and out, and
painted white-a first indication, per-

'ieWsrQfexc~ore Vaiol(o 74 Sa(4c ... '

haps, of the influence of climate on
architecture, for the white paint made
the houses cooler. Later, however,
color appeared on the exteriors-light
yellows and siennas for the walls;
with cobalt blue generally on the
woodwork and later green too. All
this, with the red of the roofing tiles,
gave a fine polychrome appearance
to this simple architecture.
These early houses are attractive
because of their ingenuity and spon-
taneity. But as Havana grew, new
needs appeared. New problems had
to be solved-but with economy as
always, for the growing colony was
still not a rich one. The first real
architects appeared; and they ap-
proached their problems with the
same means and materials ready at
their hands.
Houses of two stories were now
built. These had balconies along the
facade of the upper, or principal,
floor, with openings in the entresuelo,
or mezzanine, enclosed with typical
wooden grilles. In plan, the patio
was the keynote of this architecture.
It became the most important fea-
ture; and it offered an intelligent
answer to a number of living needs.
It solved the problems of ventilation,
of illumination, of privacy. And, as
the plaza came to be the core of the
social life of the city, so did the patio
become the core of domestic life, with
all important rooms facing it.
Though Spanish in character, these
Cuban houses were not literally trans-
planted from the mother country.
They showed intelligent revision in
terms of a new environment and a
different climate that was warm, but
could be kept cool by a constant
breeze blowing through the house and
refreshed by the usual patio fountain
and the flowers of the canteros. These
Cuban homes proved it was possible
to design a house complete in itself,
but also related to its neighborhood.
In Cuba, more than in many coun-
tries, independence from Spain meant
an absolute break with the forms and
structural customs of the Colonial
era. Unfortunately, that opened the
gates to imported mannerisms. The
result was a flood of eclecticism. With
total disregard of environment, cli-
mate and social tradition, our cities
were filled with French, Italian and
all sorts of Renaissance-plus our own
worst kind of pseudo-Colonialism!
Against this background, new con-
cepts of architecture came gradually

into being. New architectural values,
esthetic, philosophic, economic, began
to emerge. And with them came a
radical liberation from traditional
forms, from historical styles, that
opened a whole broad new field for
truly creative design with new tech-
niques and new materials.
So contemporary architecture under
our Cuban sun came into being. It
has struggled toward the light for
more than 25 years. It followed, too,
the same pattern in many other coun-
tries, slowly fighting its way through
usual difficulties with local authori-
ties-even with neighbors of adjoin-
ing properties.
But undoutedly its improved ap-
proach to a sound architecture slowly
made it popular. The general public
liked its clean-cut appearance, its
spacious planning, its correct-or at
least better-orientation for climatic
conditions. Gradually the younger
generation took over the responsibili-
ties of creating our modern living
facilities and the shaping of a new
building industry.
But, we now face a situation that
should make us stop and think-and
ask ourselves where we are now head-
ing. It appears now that basic prin-
ciples are again being discarded in
many instances. Many of the new
problems we face are being resolved
by the uninhibited application of
ready-made formulas and clinches,
without the basic search for new

words in our architectural language.
What we now see developing is a
new pattern of eclecticism an ap-
proach to architecture that again is
substituting dead masters and histori-
cal styles for sound reason and living
It is, of course, good and impor-
tant to look back at the masters and
to know the history they have made.
But we do not look back to copy.
We should have no fear that the past
will influence our work today-if we
are free of prejudice and can benefit
from the lessons history can teach.
In our land there has been good
and bad architecture through different
periods. When buildings expressed
the technological situation of their
time, when there was a functional in-
tegrity of design, when climatic and
regional environment was recognized
as important, when the highest aspira-
tions and needs of men were met-
then good architecture was produced.
Those early Colonial houses sin-
cerely expressed their economic stand-
ing. Their simple construction, the
uninhibited use of color that blends
with the sunny atmosphere and clear
skies of our cities, the development
of architectural features like the patio
-all these contributed to a sound
architecture. It was sound in the
domestic sense. And in the relation
of individual dwellings to the com-
munity, it was sound in a civic sense,
(Continued on Page 22)

Part of the group of Cuban architects and their ladies
who were welcome guests at the Convention pose between
meetings. From left to right they are: Mr. Eugenio Al-
barran, Mrs. Albarran, Mr. Emilio De Soto, Mrs. Nicolas
Arroyo, and Mr. Nicolas Arroyo. Mr. Arroyo was the
Convention's chief professional guest of honor.

F. A. A.

Joint Committee's Work Is Bearing Fruit

Just prior to the Convention open-
ing, members of the Joint Cooper-
ative Committee, F.A.A.-A.G.C. held
their second meeting at the Colony
Hotel in Palm Beach. Purpose was to
hear progress reports from commit-
tees appointed by President Clinton
Gamble at the group's organizational
meeting last August in Orlando; and
to discuss matters relative to further
progress and possible expansion.
Most important work of the Com-
mittee thus far has been the prepara-
tion of a recommendation on bidding
procedures that could prove equally
acceptable to both architects and
contractors and thus serve as a stand-
ard of good practice for both groups.

Proposals for establishing scholastic
awards and a series of technical ref-
erence libraries were also discussed.
Though no decisive action was
taken on these last, a document on
bidding procedure was submitted, dis-
cussed point by point and finally ap-
proved by all J.C.C. members as re-
vised by them. Work on this project
was done by a sub-committee headed
by J. HILBERT SAPP and including
who, with the chairman formed the
Contractors' membership and ar-
The document on these two pages
is the result. It has been accepted by

the Florida State Council, A.G.C.,
and, on recommendation of the
I.A.A. Executive Committee, was
approved by members of the F.A.A.
40th Convention. Thus, it is now
morally, if not legally, binding on
both groups. And if put to full use,
it will undoubtedly serve as a founda-
tion for improved business practices
as well as improved relationships.
It has been titled, "RECOMMENDED
ed practice for use in private work
when competitive lump-sums are re-
quested. Also applicable in public
work so far as requirements cf public
authorities permit. Designed for
building and related construction."

1-Selection of Bidders:
A-They should be selected by the Architect
on a basis of established skill, integrity and
responsibility and they should be qualified
by experience and financial stability to ex-
ecute the type of work involved.
B-The number of bidders should generally not
Exceed six, and the contractors recognizing
their responsibility in accepting the oppor-
tunity to bid should agree to go through
with the submission of their bid.
2-Distribution of Bidding Documents Complete
with Drawings and Specifications:
A-One complete set of bidding documents
should be provided without cost to each
General Contractor bidding. It is the
Architect's responsibility to determine if
it is to the owner's interest to provide addi-
tional sets. Where the Architect does not
so decide, he should provide extra sets at
cost of reproduction to General Contractors
when requested.
B-Reasonable deposits may be required by
the Architect on bidding documents but
should be refunded to those contractors
who return the bidding documents within
five (5) days after contract is awarded or
upon request of the Architest.
C-The Architect should provide adequate sets
of bidding documents at accredited plan
rooms and at his own office for use by sub-

bidders. It is suggested the Architect list
in specifications the locations where bid-
ding documents may be found.
3-Time of Estimating:
A-Ample time should be allowed the General
Contractor for the preparation of his esti-
mate, and the closing of his bid; and to
facilitate this, the following minimum

schedule is suggested:
Theatres Hotels
Schools Stores
Hospitals Office
Banks Bldgs.
Churches Apts.
$ 3,000 to 25,000 14 12
25,000 to 50,000 16 14
50,000 to 100,000 17 14
100,000 to 200,000 21 18
200,000 to 400,000 25 22
400,000 to 700,000 28 26
Over 700,000 31 28


Factories Ware- Resi-
Loft houses dances
Bldgs. Garages Flats
9 9 11
11 9 12
11 10 17
13 11 24
18 17 29
21 21 29
24 24 32

B-So far as practicable, architects should co-
operate to avoid conflict of bidding dates
for important projects.
4-Receiving Bids and Awarding Contracts:
A-Bids should be taken at a definite time and
place, Tuesday through Friday, between the
hours of I1 :a.m. and 4:p.m., but not on a
legal holiday or the day after.
B-Bids not filed on time should not be con-
sidered and only written bids should be ac-
cepted. Telegraphic or telephonic bids are
not acceptable, although telegraphic cor-


BilsA G o ~i~iiii:~~~~iiiii:i

reactions of bids will be acceptable if re-
ceived prior to the time of opening of bids.
C-All bids should be opened and read aloud
in the presence of the General Contractor
D-Action on bids received should be taken
within three (3) days excepting in special
cases and for good cause and in any event,
action should be taken within ten (10)
days of receipt of bids.
E-Contract should generally be awarded to
the lowest bidder.
F-If time of completion is a factor in deter-
mining the selection of the General Con-
tractor, the time of completion required
should be set out clearly in the specifica-
G-The Owner has the right to reject all bids
for a satisfactory reason, but not as a sub-
terfuge to accept a bidder who did not sub-
mit a proposal before the prices of the
others were made public or to obtain an
estimate of the cost of the work and pro-
ceed to award it'in segregated contracts
or to a bidder definitely selected in ad-
H-It is recognized that unit prices, except
on site improvement, such as paving, etc.,
and similar work, are not desirable. How-
ever, where the Architect decides they are
necessary, the separate prices asked for
should be "additions to" or "deductions
tion, or (2) providing an opportunity to
I-Alternates should be requested only where
they are believed to be of special import-
ance to the Owner either as a means of (1 )
insuring a bid within a limited appropria-
tion, or (2) providing an opportunity to
make an important determination in the
selection of a material or process.
J-Addenda should be issued as quickly as pos-
sible during bidding in a clear orderly fash-
ion and no addenda should be issued later
than two (2) days before the receipt of
5-Disclosure of Prices:
The General Contractor should not, under any
circumstances, be required by the Architect,
nor should he under any circumstances himself,
disclose to anyone the amounts of sub-bids or
quotations prior to the award of the contract,
except where the lowest bidder finds it neces-
sary to do so in negotiating the contract.
6-Refiguring Work:
Where original bids are rejected, only the same
original bidders should be invited to rebid.
There should be either major changes in draw-

ings and specifications, or a period of three (3)
months time elapse before asking for rebidding.
7-Standard Form of Contracts:
A-It is recommended a form of proposal be
adopted for each job and it be bound in
the specifications and additional copies
furnished the bidder .
B-It is recommended that a Standard Check
List for Specification Titles be used.
C-The Standard Forms of A.I.A. contract "be-
tween owner and contractor" and "general
conditions" should be used.

8-Reference to Bidding and Award of Specialty
Contracts, Section 3 of the Code of Ethical Con-
duct of the AGC as follows:
The operations of the contractor are made pos-
sible through the functioning of those agencies
which furnish him with service or products, and
in contracting with them he is rightfully obli-
gated by the same principles of honor and fair
dealing that he desires should govern the
actions toward himself or architect, engineers
and client owners.
Ethical conduct with respect to sub-contractors
and those who supply material requires that:
A-Proposals should not be invited from any-
one who is known to be unqualified to
perform the proposed work or to render
the proper service.
B-The figures of one competitor shall not
be made known to another before the
award of the sub-contract, nor should they
be used by the contractor to secure a lower
proposal from another bidder.
C-The contract should preferably be awarded
to the lowest bidder if he is qualified to
perform the contract, but if the award is
made to another bidder, it should be at
the amount of the latter's bid.
D-In no case should the low bidder be led
to believe that a lower bid than his has
been received.
E-When the contractor has been paid by
the client owner for work or material, he
should make payments promptly, and in
just proportion, to sub-contractors and
F -General Contractors should request bids
from the sub-contractor on the Request
for Bids form entitled Invitation to Bid as
issued by the Associated General Contrac-
tors of America.
9-Builders Risk Insurance:
It is recommended that Builders Risk Insurance,
both fire and extended coverage, be carried and
paid for by the owner.

DECEMBER, 1954 9

"Our Profession . .

From an address by Edmund R. Purves, F.A.I. A. delivered in
his absence by Herbert C. Millkey, A. I. A. Regional Director

An architect combines many char-
acteristics and talents in one person.
I do not know who compares to us.
An architect must have artistic talent,
an artistic yearning, business acumen,
administrative ability, and technical
knowledge. We must be salesman, do-
mestic counsellors, philosophers, good
friends to all, and guardians of the
law. The products of our efforts must
stand up, be seen and be of service.
They cannot be buried in a maze of
court recordings, or under six feet of
As rugged individualists we struggle
successfully for private enterprise in
the professional design field. As com-
passionate people we support plan-
ning and projects from a professional,
if less rugged, point of view. We rebel
against arbitrary dicta in aesthetics.
Some think we are vulnerable, that
we are less protected by law, and more
adversely affected by public opinion
than are other people. True, we all
share certain hazards. There are cer-
tain points of similarity between mem-
bers of different professions, but on
the whole architects should not be
compared with other professionals or
assumed to be like them.
For we definitely are not. We are
a peculiar breed, a fascinating breed
and considered by some a superior
breed. We do not pass unnoticed and
unremarked about in the body politic.
Those definitions, regulations and re-
strictions which govern others, some-
times to our envy, cannot be taken
over by us. We enjoy a latitude of
thought and action which does not
lend itself to the rigors of the engi-
neering formula or the hair-splitting
of the lawyer.
Architects compose The American
Institute of Architects. The Institute
is an unusual organiaztion-a unique
organization. It bears only a super-
ficial resemblance to any other profes-
sional or trade organization. We
would be ridiculous and even demean-
ing were we to pattern ourselves
blindly after others. We solve our
problems in our way-our ethics are
our ethics. Our code counts for what

it is and not because it is patterned
on the mores of someone else.
We are a pre-eminent and influ-
ential profession. We are a learned
profession. We are recognized by
governmental agencies, by the Con-
gress, by corporations. This recog-
nition of the architect is not predi-
cated upon family heritage or con-
formance with a code of superficial
manners, nor ability to wear clothes
of the right cut. It is due to the
ability of the members of the pro-
fession itself.
This ability is founded upon the
calibre of men who are attracted by
architecture. We are a people of
whom we can be proud. The Ameri-
can Institute of Architects is envied.
It has achieved its reputation through
your abilities, through the contribu-
tions you have made. We have come
a very long way in a relatively few
A number of us are fully aware of
the tremendous change that is taking
place in the early training of the ar-
chitect and of the architect's outlook
on life and his profession. The train-
ing of my generation was fantastic.
We were subjected to a blind de-
votion to an esoteric cult whose god
was the unctuous, well-born mammon,
whose ritual was a recital of dates and
names, whose symbolism was the clas-
sic orders, whose vestment the smock
and whose precepts were an incom-
patible combination of pictorial fan-
tasy and the incredible stupidity of
the eclectic approach.
While we devoted ourselves to
these pursuits, others were moving
forward. Where would engineering be
if it had worshipped a past, or if it
let the india ink supplant a strict re-
gard for stresses and strains? Our
friends in the engineering field have
exercised imagination, foresight and
often artistic talent in the design of
bridges, in the laying out of railroad
lines and roads, and driving tunnels
and building dams.
Imagination, romance and daring
are found in many fields of endeavor.
In the medical field imagination leads
very decidedly to the progress of med-

ical science. We have had to learn, we
have caught up, we are now ahead-
thanks in no small measure to The
American Institute of Architects. We
are fully aware that our country, which
at one time took its cues from foreign
lands, has now outstripped all others.
No longer do we study and follow.
We study and lead.
More interesting than where we
have been and how we got here, is
a look at the direction in which we
may be heading. We may be ap-
proaching a point were the increas-
ing complexity of the indutsry and
the complexity of the entire economic
pattern may force us to plot our course
with drastic decision.
The details of coordination are be-
coming appalling. Coordination is a
good thing of itself and only through
it will we move forward. The coordi-
nation necessary to finance a building,
or to float a bond issue, or to win
an important law suit, or to administer
a hospital or an educational institu-
tion is manifold. But coordination is
part and parcel of the increasing inte-
gration of our civilization brought
about primarily by the pressure of
population, a factor which is taken
all too little into consideration in prog-
nosticating for the future or in at-
tempting to understand and solve
current problems.
A threat to our position in the de-
sign world may come as much from
within as from without. Occasionally
there arises a tendency to restrict our
fields of endeavor and competence,
forgetting that the Ivory Tower is not
a bastion, but a cell of solitary con-
It is certainly incumbent upon the
architect to seek greater responsibility,
to reach out for it-even to demand
it. On all sides these days we see a
shrinking from responsibility, a desire
to let other people do the thinking,
to let the country and society take care
of us.
I am thinking of the socialistic
trends that beset us at this time and
which have made such progress as of
today as to make the prophecies and
aspirations of the socialist leaders of
the early part of the century seem con-
servative and self-reliant.
The willingness of our forefathers
to accept responsibility has produced
this country. Let the willingness of
our generation to accept responsibility
maintain it.



under construction
in Orlando. Roof
slabs, floor slabs,
beams, and columns
are all prestressed
precast concrete . .
furnished by Hollo-
way Concrete Prod-
ucts Co. of Winter
Park, Fla. Charles
Johnson, Architect ..
E. M. Scott, Contrac-
tor . Lakeland
Engineering Associ-
ates, Inc., Prestress-
ing Consultants.
Double Tee roof
spans vary from 36
to 40 feet. The
beams and columns
are hollow. Of spe-
cial interest is the
two-story column cast
in one piece.



Prestressed concrete units offer new structural design possibilities for
any building in which low cost and high performance are of special
importance. Standard unit designs are made in long casting beds by
the pre-tensioning bonded system. Each has been tested; and a wide
variety of units is now being made under controlled conditions by the
firms listed below. These prestressed concrete members are now avail-
able. They can be specified in sizes and shapes to meet a range of
span, load and design conditions. Prestressed concrete units have low
maintenance, high fire resistance, high uniformity, low cost. Standard
designs include flat slabs, double-tee slabs, beams, columns and pilings.

Charter Members:
R. H. WRIGHT & SON, INC. . . . . Ft. Lauderdale
WEST COAST SHELL CORP . . . . .. Sarasota
DURACRETE, INC. . . . . . . Leesburg

These firms . .
banded together to
establish and super-
vise Prestressed Con-
crete standards and
procedures .. are
pledged to uphold
the production con-
trol and specifica-
tions set up by the
Prestressed Concrete


_ __ __


.. ,.
irilYPO1IF. I' *i. .

Planned at first for a single exhibit room like this, the 40th
Convention Show filled three large galleries. Special mention
went to Philip Jullien's educational exhibit of ink-traced working
drawings for hotels at Pittsburgh and Atlantic City, New Jersey.

A .,

"Finest A

Conventioners who visited the
Norton Gallery in West Palm Beach
were treated to what many described
as "the finest architectural show evci
given." Certainly it was one of the
most complete from sketches to
scale models and one of the larg-
est filling three large rooms of the
Gallery and representing work from
51 different offices from all sections
of the State. In addition, work of
the Student Chapter was included,
as was a special exhibit of Cuban
architecture from the Colegio Na-
cional de Arquitectos de Cuba, rep-
resenting a dozen offices.
The exhibit was excellently hung
and well attended, according to Gal-
lery officials. A jury of award -

renderings of the
diversity of Miami
rary, shown here,
which Robert M.
le was architect, l J
[ the U. S. Post

'ice and Terminal, t
tile, J. N. Smith
Sthe Award Jury's
nation of merit.
ition of merit.

[3' ~tr


B. Harvard, architect,
Blanchard Jolly, associate,
won a citation for their
design of a building for
the St. Petersburg Federal
Savings and Loan Associ-
ation. This display formed
part of a public showing
of architects' work held
prior to the Convention at
Maas Brothers Store in St.



members of the Palm
awarded a citation of
nearby Hobe Sound.


architectural Show Ever Given

composed of MARION SIMS \VYETH,
i.A.I.A., chairman, and C. HERRICK
GRAND selected six categories from
the architectural exhibit and four ex- .
samples of student work for citations
of merit.
Shown here are as many as it was i
possible to reproduce. Absent are all
but one of the Student exhibits, the
plans for development of the Univer-
sity of Miami- for which ROBERT
MAN won the citation in the Educa-
tional category--and the work of
Cuban architects, part of which is
planned as a pictorial feature of The
Florida Architect in a future issue.
MODELS-One of two scale models in full color that won a citation of
merit in this category for Alton C. Woodring, Jr. Architects for the Vir-
ginia Key Aquarium, shown here, are Steward and Skinner, Peterson and
Shuflin Associates. Woodring had three models in the exhibit.

ILL' 5A\AL 0 -I

aul E. Kohler, Jr., and David Shriver, both STUDENT WORK-Typical of student exhibits was this house design for
1m Beach (Convention Host) Chapter, were which J. A. Wohlberg won an award. Other student winners were Edward
of merit for their design of a house in Camner, for a small house, Malcolm McQuaig, for a toy shop and render-
[. ing, and E. Claire Dempsey for design of a residential kitchen and patio.

DECEMBER, 1954 1

rhe President Reports on Business

After two dynamic terms
as chief Exucitive Officer
of the Florida Associa-
tion of Architects, Igor
B. Polevitzky will next
year join the select group
of past-presidents who,
having directly contribut-
ed to the growth and
strength of the F. A. A.,
are still working hard to
make the architectural
profession a force for

gor B. Polevitzky, retiring F.A.A.
resident chats with Herbert C. Mill-
ey, A.I.A. Regional Director.

President Igor B. Polevitsky pre-
ented a brief, but forceful and much
o the point, report to a packed con-
ention hall at the opening business
session of the F.A.A., 40th Conven-
ion. He recalled the "ambitious and
optimistic" program outlined in his
address before the 39th Convention
t St. Petersbuirg last year and empha-
ized the undoubted progress of the
'.A.A. by a point-by-point compari-
He mentioned the close and effec-
ive liaison that has been developed
between the F.A.A. and the State
oard of Architecture. lie commented
,n the great strides made toward es-
ablishing a practical cooperation be-
ween architects, professional engi-
weers and general contractors-noting
Particular the initiation of the Joint
cooperative Committee, F.A.A.-
.G.C., and the willingness of both
engineers and architects to join forces
Sponsoring a joint legislative pro-
"Such movements," said the F.A.A.
resident, "Will eventually embrace
11 important phases of the building
dustry. Our continuing efforts along
ch cooperative lines will finally, for
e first time, provide us with an orga-
ized voice, representative of all ele-
ents of construction', in all State
affairs "
The President expressed his satis-

faction with the progress of the new
Official Journal of the F.A.A., The
Florida Architect. He termed it "an
unqualified success," that had already
proved itself as a much-needed me-
dium of information and "a cohesive
force operating for the advancement
of architectural interests in every sec-
tion of the State."
As to membership, convention dele-
gates learned that it had increased
some 25 per cent during the last year.
With that increase has come even a
greater percentage increase in mem-
bership dues, "making it possible for
us to launch positive programs in leg-
islative, intra-industry and educational
fields." But the F.A.A. president
pointed out that the increase was
still far from anticipated goals. And
he urged full cooperation from all
Chapter officers in putting a newly
proposed membership drive into im-
mediate effect.
"Our aim." he declared, "is to have,
as a member of this organization, every
architect in Florida who subscribes to,
and abides by, the standards of prac-
tice of The American Institute of
In appraising the over-all progress
of the Association, the President said,
"We have now arrived at a point
of development wherein we are begin-
ning to be the vital, positive force, in
a position of leadership for public and
professional good, which our profes-
sion should by rights be.
"But this is no time for smugness
and self-satisfaction. We cannot stand

still on the threshold of accomplish-
ment. We need greater individual par-
ticipation in all phases of our work.
We need to expand our position of
leadership in unifying and strength-
ening the building industry. We must
take a positive stand in the field of
architectural education and contrib-
ute to its advancement. We must take
our rightful place in civic affairs in
our capacity as planners."
The President noted with enthusi-
asm the growing interest in F.A.A.
affairs by architects in every section
of the State. He spoke particularly of
the success of both this year's and last
year's Conventions, and saw in them
an index of the growing influence of
the Association in terms of individual
enthusiasm and efforts.
"Let us make no mistake, about it,"
he said. "Progress already made is
merely a preliminary for goals that lie
ahead of us. The organization and
machinery needed to reach those goals
is now here. And they are yours. Let
us be about our work."

It Made History
(Continued from Page 5)
and will be represented on the Board
by a duly elected Student Represen-
No formal recommendation on by-
laws was presented, because the re-
port made clear that by-law changes
would depend entirely upon the Con-
vention's action relative to the re-
districting matter. Discussion of the
subject indicated that needed changes
to implement re-districting proposals
had already been drafted. Thus it was
possible to clear the question of due
notice and permit the Convention to
authorize Board action on re-district-
Relations with Construction Industry:
In effect, recommendations were
to "keep up the good work!"-the
reference being to the establishment
of the Joint Committee, F.A.A.-
A.G.C., on a state-wide basis, and
the similar relationship now being
cemented with the engineers. The re-
port stated there was no evidence of
labor-management difficulties affect-
ing the building industry and forecast
a continuance of this situation for
the coming year.

Millkey's Talk Stresses
Need of Closer National
Contact For F.A.A.
In a brief speech opening the af-
ternoon meeting of the 40th Conven-
tion's full-day business session, HER-
RERT C. MILLKEY, of Atlanta, A.I.A.
Director for the South Atlantic Re-
gion, commented on state and region-
al matters relative to the national
headquarters of the A.I.A. He praised
the attitude of the F.A.A. in working
cooperatively with contractors and
engineers, noted it as evidence of
improving public relations and stated
that "this public relations program
is one of the most important of the
Institute's activities."
"What is being done by the F.A.A.
in Florida," said the regional director,
"Is not only important locally. It is
just as significant from the regional
point of view; and in addition it indi-
cates how the Institute works.
"A.I.A. progress comes from the
bottom of the heap from the indi-
vidual Chapter. My job, as regional
director, is to help Chapters initiate
programs, get them working for the
good of the entire membership. I'm
anxious to see a good job done. And
I'm available to anyone at any time
for that purpose."
The speaker mentioned the rapid
growth and present size of the Na-
tional A.I.A. and paid tribute to the
energy and vision of its Executive Di-
"ED PURVES has been in no small
measure responsible for the A.I.A.'s
present policies," Millkcy declared.
"But he, as well as every member of
the National Board, realizes the need
for close laison between the Octagon
and each local Chapter. That close
contact via regional offices, is the
cornerstone of Institute progress."
He urged more direct use of the
national organization by the F.A.A.
and each Chapter organization. And
he particularly emphasized the desir-
ability of each Chapter's re-organizing
its committee set-up to parallel the
plan put into effect nationally last
year and again publicized at the Na-
tional Convention in Boston last
The new Committee set-up was
reported in the July issue of The
Florida Architect.

Aecideet or S t cs. Won't aet . .

What are YOU

Waiting for?

You certainly want the guarantee of continued finan-
cial security that Group Disability Income Insurance
can give you! Won't you feel safer, more confident of
the future, when you're protected from loss of vital
income due to accident or illness? . Then don't pro-
crastinate! Take the sensible step choose one of
the 8 plans offered by the F.A.A. Group Heath-Acci-
dent Program. It's one of the broadest, most practical
insurance programs ever devised. Here are a few
reasons why:
It's More Flexible . The F.A.A. State Program lets
you fit the benefits you want to the budget you can
afford with 8 different monthly income plans from
which to chose.
S_It's Continuous . Health-Accident Insurance under
the F.A.A. State Program doesn't terminate at age 70
as many others do.
*It Gives You More . The F.A.A. State Program pays
for a sickness disability period 2'/2 times longer than
other plans and pays several benefits in addition to
monthyl income.
It's Ready For You NOW ... Applications may be made
and individual policies written any time up to afe 65.

You can't tell when disability may suddenly stop your
income. But you can protect yourself against the pos-
sibility by enrolling now in the F.A.A. State Program
... Accident or sickness won't wait for you! Why wait
for them until it's too late?

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Joint Architect- Engineer Committee ...

This committee, similar in purpose
and character to the F.A.A.-A.G.C.
group, held two meetings this year,
the first at Miami Beach on May 5th,
the second at Palm Beach on Novem-
ber 18th. Major accomplishment of
the committee's efforts this year was
the agreement reached by which the
engineers agreed to pool resources
with the architects in a joint legisla-
tive effort at the next session of the
Legislature the idea being to con-
tinue the arrangement from now on.
During 1953, the committee agreed
to explore tie possibilities of estab-
lishing a policy to provide a basis on
which both architects and engineers
might classify as prime professionals
for various design projects. This year
the engineers drew up an outline of
such a policy that was finally ap-
proved by the engineers and offered
to the Convention for adoption. It
had previously been approved by the
Joint Architect-Engineer Committee.
But certain of its phases provoked
discussion to the extent that the Con-
vention voted to table the proposed
policy and refer it to the Executive
Committee for action at its next
meeting, to be held in January of
It also voted that the policy pro-
posal printed, below be sent all
F.A.A. members via The Florida Ar-
chitect. Each member is asked to
study it carefully, and write his com-
ments, including suggestions for re-
vision, to the Jcint Committee chair-
man at the earliest possible date.

This is a particularly important
matter of intra-industry public
relations that requires the imme-
diate and interested action of every
F.A.A. member. Read and study
carefully the various points of the
proposed Joint Architect-Engineer
Policy Proposal. Then send your
criticisms or comments directly to:
John Stetson, 217 Peruvian
Avenue, Palm Beach, Florida. Your
immediate cooperation will make
possible action on this matter at
the F.A.A. Board meeting in Jan-
uary, 1955.

During the floor discussion of this
policy proposal, it was suggested that
the word "stadia," found in para-
graph 3, be either further classified,
or eliminated from the text.
In addition to this joint policy pro-
gram, the Committee approved a sug-
gestion that a study be made of a
fee schedule covering, first, fees for
engineering services when engineers
are employed by architects; and, sec-
ond, a similar schedule covering archi-
tects' fees. The Florida Enginering
Socitey has prepared a fee schedule
for the use of architects. This will
be submitted to 50 key architects for
comment; and architectural members
of the Joint Committee will prepare
a recommended schedule of archi-
tectural fees for approval of the Ex-
ecutive Board and for use by engi-
neers when applicable.
There can be little question that
the series of cooperative activities that
have been brought to a climax in
these proposals can do much to elim-
inate misunderstandings and friction
that have plagued architect-engineer
relations in the past. Future close
ethical cooperation of the two groups
is anticipated by the committee which
includes, for the architects, JOHN
LEETE; and for the Engineers, THEO-

By its very nature the rendering of
professional services by the design pro-
fessions must be on a high ethical and
professional basis. It is presupposed
that the collaborators will perform
their services in a cooperative manner
with competence and efficiency and
in full compliance with the "Code
of Ethics" of the various professions.
Professional service, performed
singly or in collaboration, entails ex-
haustive study and research in pre-
paration for the solution of the prob-
lem, and careful application of talent
to sound planning and design and the
highest integrity in guarding the cli-
ent's interest.


The functions and the responsibil-
ities properly inherent to the practice
of architecture and engineering fre-
quently overlap. For that reason it is
difficult to establish an arbitrary and
precise measure by which to deter-
mine whether a particular project
should be regarded by the professions
as an architectural or as an engineer-
ing project. Increasingly, present day
projects require the services of both
professions. However, the interests of
the public and of both of the pro-
fessions will be advanced if certain
policies can be established and ad-
hered to in the relations between the
two professions. Suggestions for such
policies follow.
Architects should be engaged as the
prime professionals for projects such as
residences, apartments, hotels, stores,
office buildings, churches, schools,
hospitals, courthouse, and all other
similar private, commercial and pub-
lic buildings. The engineer should not
seek the position of prime professional
on such projects.
Engineers should be engaged as the
prime professional for projects such as
roads, bridges, docks, power plants,
electrical generation, transmission and
distribution, water control, water sup-
ply and distribtuion, sewage collection
and disposal, heating and air con-
ditioning when not a part of a major
building project, factories with me-
chanical or electrical equipment an
important feature, stadia, and all other
similar projects. The architect should
not seek the position of prime pro-
fessional on such projects.
There exists a third classification
of projects for which the prime pro-
fessional may properly be either an
architect or an engineer. On such
projects the construction cost of the
portion of the work designed by either
the architect or the engineer may
represent from 40% to 60% of the
construction cost of the entire project.
Industrial buildings, warehouses, cold
storage, and refrigerated buildings
commonly fall within this classifica-
tion. Either of the two professions
may properly be designated prime pro-
fessional on such projects.
(Continued on Page 22)



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F. A. A. Legislative Program

For the first time in the history
of Florida's building industry, archi-
tects, general contractors and profes-
sional engineers will be working in
close and active cooperation on leg-
islative matters of importance to
many interests and to all sections of
the State. Through the agencies of
the State-wide Joint Cooperative
Committee, F.A.A.-A.G.C., and the
Architect-Engineer Relations Com-
mittee, general agreement on legis-
lative programs was developed. And
these programs, presented by the
F.A.A.'s legislative committee, were
adopted in virtually complete form
by the 40th F.A.A. Convention.
Most of the F.A.A.'s own legisla-
tive program centered about changes
in the Florida statutes suggested by
the State Board of Architecture.
These changes are being sought to
bring State Board procedures relative
to architectural registration in line
with the standards adopted this year
by the National Council of Archi-
tecural Registration Boards.
If, and when, the proposed statute
revisions become law, Florida stand-
ards for architectural registration will
conform with those of all other states
which operate under NCARB stand-
ards. State Board members regard it
as only a matter of a relatively short
time when all State Boards will ac-
cept these standards, thus making it
relatively easy for Florida architects
to obtain licenses to practice else-
Adoption of the NCARB code by
Florida will require that applicants
for registration: A, be citizens of the
United Etates; B, be 25 years of age;
C, be graduates from an approved
curriculum in an accredited architect-
ural school, or the equivalent; and, D,
have a minimum of three years di-
versified practical training in offices
of registered practicing architects.
The Convention also voted to en-
dorse the proposed State Enabling
Act for Planning, Zoning, Subdivision
Regulations and the Regulation of
Building in Mapped Streets, as pre-
pared by the Florida Planning and
Zoning Commission. And it went
on record as backing the appropria-
tion of funds needed by the U. of F.

for immediate erection of adequate
buildings for the College of Archi-
tecture and Allied Arts.
Also endorsed was the legislative
program of the Florida State Council
of Associated General Contractors -
with the exception of a proposed bill
to bring employers of two or more
employees under the Unemployment
Compensation Laws. This program is
fairly extensive, some of it concerned
with legal technicalities. Among most
important proposals are:
1 . Measure to enforce arbitra-
tion clauses and thus to cut down
court actions until all possibilities of
arbitration have been exhausted.
2 . Measure repealing 1953
amendment to Mechanics Lein Law.
The F.A.A. is already on record, as
of their Convention last year, on this
3 . Permitting counties and
cities to establish uniform licensing
procedures for contractors. This
would allow a contractor to qualify
for work in several areas by taking
one examination instead of possibly
many times that as at present.
4 . Measure to permit counties
and municipalities therein to adopt
uniform building codes. This, de-
signed to encourage uniform code ar-
rangements, is particularly desirable
from the architect's point of view;

and adoption would tend to speed the
day when a single adequate building
code could be adopted on a state-wide
The Legislative Committee's report
made clear that the F.A.A. program
had also been submitted to the
A.G.C. for approval at that body's
next meeting on April 22, 1955. As
to proposed legislation providing for
registration of Landscape Architects,
it recommended that further informa-
tion on the measure be obtained be-
fore taking any formal action.
Particularly emphasized at the
Convention was the fact that legis-
lation is everybody's business. Though
FRANKLIN S. BUNCH, as chairman of
the Committee, was authorized to
act for the Association before the Leg-
islature, all members were urged to
meet with and explain to their local
legislators the need for, and basic
purposes of, the program.

Klaber to Lecture
will conduct a series of three lectures
on Housing Design December 7 and
8, at the Walker Auditorium, Uni-
versity of Florida, at Gainesville. The
lectures will be given under auspices
of the College of Architecture and
Allied Arts and are open to the pub-
lic as well as students. Mr. Klaber,
a leading authority on housing and
town planning, was formerly chief
architect for the F.H.A.

The college contingent talks things over at the La
Coquille poolside. Left to right, Wm. T. Arnett, Dean,
John L. R. Grand, head of the Dept. of Architecture,
Jack Wohlberg, pres. of Student Chapter, and Edward
M. Fearney, professor of architecture- all U. of F.

Handling an unaccustomed assign-
ment like veterans, HAROLD and
EMILY OBST, co-chairmen of the
Convention Publicity Committee,
press coverage of the 40th Conven-
tion was unusually complete. Spot
news was released to local papers
promptly, even as to photographs of
visitors and newly elected officers. In
spite of lack of wire-service expense
appropriation (an understandable
omission!) some out-of-town pa-
pers were serviced by the Committee.
And various phases of the Conven-
tion were reported in both metropol-
itan Miami newspapers.
Photographic coverage was espe-
cially complete. GORDON POTTER,
Palm Beach photographer, and his
associates recorded every important
meeting of the Convention and did
a special job on Sunday afternoon
at the architectural exhibit at the
Norton Gallery. His work is espe-
cially appreciated and appears
throughout this issue.

As one of the last pieces of new
business to come on the Convention
floor, DAVID LEETE, president-elect
of the Daytona Beach Chapter,
offered his home town as headquart-
ers for the 41st Convention in 1955
and his Chapter as hosts.
There was some discussion. A MR.
MILLER, representing a travel service,
was introduced to the floor and pre-
sented the alluring possibility of a
5-day Carribean cruise on the 300-
passenger ship Aleutian now being
newly commissioned. The ship would
leave, he said, from Miami; and the
cruise would cost from $95 to $195
per person, excluding service tips and
purchases at foreign ports of call.
But the cruise-convention idea was
finally tabled. And, on a final vote,
the definite offer of the Daytona
Beach Chapter was accepted.
Relative to dates, SANFORD COIN
rose to offer his perennial motion that
the date be not such as to interfere
with the opening of the hunting sea-
son. But the also-perennial motion
to table was passed. So plan on
Daytona Beach in 1955 and watch
these columns for the time and de-

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specified or covered by de-
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means fine plant equipment,
skilled craftsmen with a
"feel" for woods as well as
technical knowledge of
them. It means, too, the
kind of management that
insists on the kind of fine
and accurate work he, the
architect and the client can
all be proud of . For 25
years we've been doing that
kind of work in the custom
manufacture of Sash and
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types of jobs, large ones,
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636 East Twenty-first Street
Jacksonville 6, Florida

To All Applicants for Junior Examination:
1. Commencing on January, 1955, Rule No. 6, "Examina-
tions" will be in effect as revised June 12, 1954. This
revision will affect the synopsis and Syllabus and Exam-
ination Schedule outlined in Circular of Information issued
August, 1953. The subject matter of the examination
will remain as before, but the sub-division of the subject
matter into Examinations will be revised as noted below.
There will be no "Divisions" as used in 1953 Circular.

Examination A
," D


" I & J combined-
S E & H combined
S C & D combined _
S G .

Examination A
// I

3. Each examination except "E" has a value of 100 points
with minimum passing grade of 75 points. Examination
"E" has a value of 200- passing 150 points.
4. Subject to further confirmation, examinations will be con-
ducted as follows:
First Day Monday Exam. "F" -- 3 hours -

Second Day Tuesday

Third Day Wednesday

Fourth Day Thursday

9:00 A.M. to 12:00 Noon
Exam. "G"- 5 hours-
1:00 P.M. to 6:00 P.M.
- Exam. "H" 3 hours -
9:00 A.M. to 12:00 Noon
Exam. "I" 5 hours -
1:00 P.M. to 6:00 P.M.
- Exam. "C" 3 hours-
9:00 A.M. to 12:00 Noon
Exam. "D" 5 hours -
1:00 P.M. to 6:00 P.M.
- Exam. "E" 12 hours-
8:00 A.M.4to 8:00 P.M.

5. Reading of Examinations:
Examination A-Academic and Practical Training
Examination B-Personal Audience
Examination C-History and Theory of Architecture
Examination D-Site Planning
Examination E-Architectural Design
Examination F-Building Construction
Examination G-Structural Design
Examination H-Professional Administration
Examination I-Building Equipment

Representation at the Convention of the Student Chapter was highest in
proportion to membership of all except the Palm Beach Chapter. Here
are some of the 30 students who attended.



I I.

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Joint Architect- Engineer Committee
(Continued from Page 17)

Pensacola .
Daytona Beach
Ocala .
W. Palm Beach
Miami . .
Hollywood .

. 8517


Florida Sales Representative


P. 0. Box 5151, Jacksonville

The prime professional for any pro-
ject shall call in members of the other
profession to furnish the services in
the field of that profession required
by the project. Only registered mem-
bers of either profession shall be called
in, and their work shall bear their sig-
nature and their professional seal, sub-
ordinated to that of the prime pro-
Each profession shall prepare a spe-
cial schedule of fees that shall be for
the sole use of, and that shall be used
by, the prime professional in paying
for services furnished by the member
of the other profession called in.

Adherence by the two professions
to these considerations will assure
the public the service to which it is
entitled; it will promote good will
between the professions; it will en-
hance the standing of both profes-
sions in public opinion, and it will
promote the selection of professionals
on the basis of ability to give proper
service rather than on the basis of
lowest price.
Nothing in the above would miti-
gate against an architect or an engi-
neer from joining forces for the pur-
pose of designing a building of any
type in a manner and under condi-
tions satisfactory to each of them.

...... ... ....... ..

Infinite Possibilities

Lie Ahead
(Continued from Page 7)
too. The human aspect was not for-
gotten. The human scale was present.
The feeling for proportion and for
propriety was there. And the archi-
tecture was good.
But these principles were thrown
overboard. Houses were built that had
no more relationship to their place
or times than a polar bear has in our
jungles! Plans were merely copied.
And the same temple-looking kinds
of structures sheltered the most widely
differing kinds of functions. Rebellion
against all that was a natural, logical
Let us make sure that such his-
tory does not repeat itself.
All who live in this sub-tropic
region of ours are fortunate beyond
most. Because the weather permits,
we can really open up our buildings.
Devices that are no more than cliches
elsewhere have been developed here
to make more use of openness. Use
of color is natural in a region where
skies are clear and the landscape alive
with brilliant blossoms.
Thus it is easy to integrate houses
with the landscape. And our problem
as architects is now to integrate the
landscape with the neighborhood and
the neighborhood with the city as a

whole. The design of individual
buildings is not unimportant. But it
is more important that each design
be developed relative to the commu-
nity of which it is to be a part. As
the house has the patio, so should the
city have the plaza.
Infinite possibilities are ahead for
architecture as long as we keep these
basic principles in mind. Let us dis-
regard exhibitionism. Let us relate
our problems of space to a human
scale and the satisfaction of human
needs to the requirements of our
Let us remind ourselves that these
needs are not alone physical, not en-
tirely economic. The days are gone, I
think, when we can aim architecture
solely at functionalism. Today we
need a more complete vocabulary, a
new set of esthetic values. In these
we can find a better harmony with
nature, a greater freedom of plasticity,
a reunion of the plastic arts, a freer
use of pattern, texture and color.
Let us satisfy man's emotional and
spiritual needs as well as his physical
ones. Let us work toward a better
collaboration, a more complete unity
between painting, sculpture and de-
sign between artist, artisan and
architect. We can then continue to
produce, along with the normal de-
velopments of human life, a dynamic
architecture-truly a good architec-
ture under the sun.

Wortman Secretary-
Treasurer for 1955 -
Officers and Directors
Get Unanimous Vote
Well on toward the close of the
new business session,, the Nominating
Committee, chairmanned by EDWIN
T. REEDER, presented a slate of new
officers; and the only significant dis-
cussion relative to it centered on the
office of secretary-treasurer. One sug-
gestion, which sent several members
to looking up applicable by-laws, was
to split the combined offices at this
time and elect a treasurer as a new
and separate officer.
But the Nominating Committee
had anticipated the idea. It had rec-
ommended, as noted elsewhere in this
issue, that the Executive Board be
empowered to appoint someone to
assist the secretary-treasurer's office as
needed, pending the probable separa-
tion of the two offices next year. Fin-
ally a motion was carried to accept
the recommendation; and the new
officer slate was elected unanimously.
Those elected were: President, G.
CLINTON GAMBLE, Broward County
Chapter; Secretary-Treasurer, EDGAR
S. WORTMAN, Palm Beach Chapter.
Newly-named Vice-Presidents and
Directors both of which compose
the Executive Board of the Florida
Association of Architects are as fol-
Florida South F.------ FRANK WATSON
Palm Beach ---- JOHN STETSON
Florida North --- FRANKLIN S. BUNCH
Florida Central, RALPH P. LOVELOCK
Daytona Beach --___ JOEL SAYERS
Florida No. Cent'l ALBERT WOODARD
Florida South --.- EDWARD GRAFTON
Broward County._ ROBERT JAHELKA
Rlorida North ---- THOMAS LARRICK
Florida Central --- L. ALEX HATTON
Daytona Beach --__-_W. WM. GOMON
Florida No. Cent., ERNEST STIDOLPH
Alternate Directors:
Florida South ---... IRVING KORACH
Palm Beach _-- HAROLD OBST
Florida North ---LEE HOOPER
Florida Central ----- JOSEPH SHIFALO
Daytona Beach ..------_ W. K. SMITH
Florida No. Cent. ROBERT MAYBIN

JOHN F. HALLMAN, JR., Exec. Vice-Pres. JACK K. WERK, Vice-Pres.
MARK P. J. WILLIAMS, Vice-Pres. JAMES H. BARRON, JR., Secy-Treas.




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The Convention's Parade of Products

However much professional men
of any. convention may plan on a
round of fun and frolic, the vast
majority attend for their own im-
provement. They go to play their
part in establishing or approving
policies and programs for the ad-
vancement of their profession. And
they go also to see what's new in
their own technical field.
The doctors do it; the dentists do
it. And the architects no less. It
has now become a custom for any
architectural convention of size and
importance to be accompanied by
two kinds of exhibits-one of their
own professional work; the other of
the building materials and products
on which they have to depend to
bring dreams into reality.
Judged by any standards, the Build-
ing Product Exhibit at the 40th An-
nual Convention was an unqualified
success. Not only was it that, but
it was a unique exhibit in that it was
housed in a huge tent measuring 60
by 100 feet, striped alternately dark
green and oyster white, and near
enough to the meeting rooms of the
Convention so that it could be as
easily visited by Conventioners as by
the passing public.
And it was visited constantly by
both from the time the exhibit
opened at 3 pm Thursday afternoon,
until it closed at 5 pm. Sunday, more
than a full day after the Convention
had officially ended. Exhibitors ex-
pressed themselves as generally well-
pleased with the interest their dis-
plays had occasioned and with the
steady volume of viewers. Page after
page of visitors' registry books had
been filled; and all during the Con-
vention you could see architects
going to and from with stacks of
manufacturers' literature under their
There were 31 exhibit spaces in the
tent. All were filled some com-
panies taking more than one space
to bring the total number of exhib-
itors to 24. Proportionately, this
compares more than well with the na-
tional Convention exhibit in Boston

last year. There were 69 firms rep-
resented; but the total Convention
registration of over 2000 makes this
The Convention Exhibit Commit-
tee, headed by GEORGE J. VOTAW,
did a monumental job of organizing
the show and filling the tent with
exhibitors and viewers alike. The
show was constantly publicized by
the Committee from the time it
opened. Two-column, four-inch ads
were placed in local papers; the radio
was employed for almost constant
spot announcements; and all during
Convention sessions architects were
urged to visit the tent as often as
Following is a list, alphabetically
arranged, of the 40th Convention ex-
hibitors. To them the F.A.A. says-
"Thantks and let's see what's new
in your line next year at Daytona
Acme Equipment, Inc., Altoona, Pa.
Acousti Engineering of Miami, Ltd.,
Adams Engineering Company, Miami.
Alexander Gordon & Son, Inc., West
Palm Beach.
Anderson Viola Hardware, West
Palm Beach.

Blumer & Stanton, (Mutschler Kitch-
ens) West Palm Beach.
Clearview Louver Window Corp., Ft.
Conditioned Air Corp., Miami
John H. Couse Air Conditioning,
West Palm Beach.
Electrend Company, Lake Worth.
Engineered Products, Inc., Hialeah.
Gate City Sash & Door Company, Ft.
Herpel & Blocher, West Palm Beach.
Hunter Douglas Corp., Atlanta, Ga.
International Business Machines
Corp., Miami.
Joo Italian Ceramic Corp., Coral
Marietta Concrete Corp., of Florida,
Natural Slate Products Co., Palm
E. C. Peters, Inc., West Palm Beach.
Sherwin-Williams Company, West
Palm Beach.
St. Charles Manufacturing Co., Lar-
The Carlow Co., (Miracle Adhesive)
Lake Worth.
Tilt-A-Door Corp., West Palm Beach.
U. S. Mengle Plywoods, Inc., Miami.


You're looking, from route AIA toward the grounds of La Coquille
and the green-and-white striped tent that housed the 31 exhibit spaces
designated for displays of building materials and products. Both the type
of exhibit housing and the attendance of displays probably set a record
that Daytona Beach will find hard to beat.



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Townsend Sash, Door & Lumber Company
Townsend Sash, Door & Lumber Company
Fort Myers Ready-Mix Concrete, Inc. ....
Townsend Sash, Door & Lumber Company
Baird Hardware Company .......................
Townsend Sash, Door & Lumber Company
Florida-Georgia Brick & Tile Company
Strunk Lumber Yard ..... -----

Avon Park, Fla.
S-Bartow, Fla
Fort Myers, Fla.
SFrostproof, Fla.
Gainesville, Fla.
Haines City, Fla.
Jacksonville, Fla.
SKey West, Fla.

Townsend Sash, Door & Lumber Company Lake Wales, Fla.
Grassy Key Builders' Supply Company ... Marathon, Fla.
Gandy Block & Supply Company Melbourne, Fla.
Alderman Lumber Company ------.Naples, Fla.
Marion Hardware Company ...- -- Ocala, Fla.
Townsend Sash, Door & Lumber Company ..- Sebring, Fla.
Tallahassee Builders' Supply - Tallahassee, Fla.
Burnup & Sims, Inc. ..- West Palm Beach, Fla.




The Season

Many have helped to shape the policies and the program of this
magazine. To all these readers, advertisers, contributors and
craftsmen alike go our warm appreciation and our best
wishes for the future. With your continued interest, the year
ahead will bring a wider range of useful service on our part,
an enlarged and more productive value on yours.


OBJECTIVES The objectives of the Florida Association of Architects shall
be to unite the architectural profession within the State of Florida to promote
and forward the objectives of The American Institute of Architects; to stim-
ulate and encourage continual improvement within the profession; to coop-
erate with the other professions; to promote and participate in the matters
of general public welfare, and represent and act for the architectural profes-
sion in the State; and to promote educational and public relations programs
for the advancement of the profession.

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