Group Title: Mimeo report - North Florida Experiment Station, University of Florida - 54-1
Title: Citrus molasses, solvent process cottonseed meal, and sugar in steer fattening rations
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073742/00001
 Material Information
Title: Citrus molasses, solvent process cottonseed meal, and sugar in steer fattening rations
Series Title: NFES mimeo report
Physical Description: 2, 2 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Baker, F. S ( Frank Sloan ), 1921-
North Florida Experiment Station
Publisher: North Florida Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Quincy Fla
Publication Date: 1953
 Subjects
Subject: Beef cattle -- Feeding and feeds -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Cottonseed meal as feed   ( lcsh )
Molasses as feed   ( lcsh )
Sugar   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by F.S. Baker, Jr.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "July 2, 1953."
Funding: NFES mimeo rpt. ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073742
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: oclc - 83312021

Full Text




\,-MTH FLORIDA EXPERIMENT STATION
QUINCY, FLORIDA

July 2, 1953 \
NFES-Mimeo Report 54-1

CITRUS MOLASSES, SOLVENT PROCESS COTTONSEED MEAL, AND SUGAR
IN STEER FATTENING RATIONS

by F. 8j Baker, Jr.
Assistant Animal Husbandman
The objectives of t-his feeding trial were (1) to obtain further data on
the value of citriJ molasses when replacing one-half and two-thirds of the ground
snapped corn in a steer fattening ration:-(2) to dotpare solvent and hydraulic
process cottonseed meal in the ration; (3) to determine the valti ot adding sugar
to the ration dtrihg the last week of the fattening period. The sugjr was tried
because of favorable results from sugar feeding at the Utah Station,

Twenty Hereford steers were purchased at the Albany, Georgia sale and
divided into foutr eqtal gdutfi for experimental feeding. These steers had been
grazing good pasture and were in better flesh than most feeder battle when started
on feed. After a short preliminary period during which the cattle were accustomed
to grain, they were fed the following rations:

Lot I Lot II

Ground snapped corn Equal parts of ground snapped corn
and citrus molasses
41% Cottonseed meal 41% Cottonseed meal
Kudzu hay Kudzu hay

Lot III Lot IV

One part ground snapped corn Ground snapped corn
and two parts citrus molasses -
41% Cottonseed meal 41% Solvent process Cottonseed meal
Kudzu hay Kudzu hay

All lots received the same allowance of cottonseed meal. The remainder of
the concentrates (either ground snapped corn or corn and molasses) was fed accord-
ing to appetite. Hay was self-fed, and all lots had free access to salt and
steamed bonemeal.

Each lot was removed and slaughtered as a group when the steers in the lot
were finished.

Two pounds of refined granulated sugar per head daily was fed to three
steers each in Lots I, III and IV during the last week on feed. The remaining two
steers in each lot served as controls,

1Wilcox, E, B., M, B. Merkley, L. S. Galloway, D. A. Greenwood, W. Binns, J. A.
Bennett, and L. E. Harris. 1953. The effect of Feeding Sucrose to Beef Cattle
and Swine on the Dressing Percentage qnd Quality of Meat. Jour. An. Sci. 12: 24.










EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS


Table 1-580 gives the results of the fattening trial.

As in the preceding trial,2 steers fed equal parts of ground snapped corn
and citrus molasses, gained faster, yielded heavier carcasses, and graded higher
when slaughtered than steers on the other rations. It should also be noted that
the steers in Lot II finished from one to two weeks earlier than the other lots
and made a less expensive gain than the other groups.

The ration of two parts citrus molasses was definitely unpalatable parti-
cularly du ing hot weather (maximum temperatures ranged from 850 to 103), and the
performance of Lot III was not as satisfactory as that of steers fed ground
snapped corn without molasses. The Lot III steers did make slightly less expensive
gains than the corn lots because of the relatively low cost of molasses this year.

Steers fed solvent process cottonseed meal (Lot IV) ate slightly more feed
than those fed hydraulic meal, but the latter (Lot I) finished earlier, yielded
Higher, graded higher, and made slightly less expensive gains.
/
Results of feeding sugar to part of the steers in Lot I, III, and IV are
presented in Table 2-580. Because of the small number ofceattle involved these
results are not conclusive. There was very little difference in the gains made
by steers fed sugar and those not fed sugar, and the yield of the two groups did
not differ greatly. Likewise, liver weights for the two groups were about the same.
Steers were assigned to the sugar and no sugar groups on the basis of previous
gains. Since the steers In the sugar group were probably fatter when allotted,
this group graded higher when slaughtered.

SUMMARY

A ration composed of equal parts of ground snapped corn and citrus molasses,
cottonseed meal, and hay was superior to similar rations with either ground snapped
corn as the fattening feador two parts of molasses to one part of corn. Steers fed
the ration of equal parts of corn and molasses made cheaper gains, gained faster,
finished earlier, and graded higher than those on the other rations. The ration
containing the larger proportion of molasses (two parts molasses to one part corn)
was rather unpalatable particularly during the extremely hot weather which occurred
while the trial was in progress.

Steers fed solvent process cottonseed meal as protein supplement ate some-.
what more faed than those fed hydraulic process cottonseed mealt however, the
steers fed the hydraulic meal finished earlier, yielded heavier carcasses, graded
higher, and made cheaper gains.

Individual variation in the response to sugar feeding prevent conclusions
concerning the value of adding sugar to the ration during the last week of the
feeding period.


2Mimeo Report, North Fla. Exp. Sta. March 26, 1953.







Table 1-580: Results of fattening Trial, April


: LOT I
: Ground snapped corn


:41
* Unw"


Cottonseed meal


LOT I1
Equal parts ground snapped
corn and citrus molasses

411 Cottonseed meal
hav


LOT IIIr
One part ground snapped
corn & 2 parts citrus
molasses
41% cottonseed meal
hav


S LOT IV
I :Ground snapped
: corn
: -- -
:41% CSM (solvent)
:hay


Number of head
Number days
Average initial weight
Average final weight
Average gain
Average daily gain
Average market weight
Average shrink (percent)
Market price per cwt *
Average carcass weight
Dressing percentage
Average feeder grade
U. S. Carcass grades


5
65
755.3
890.7
135.4
2.08
856.6
3.82
$22.38
523.6
61.13
Lot choice
4 Choice
1 Good


5
58
764.0
921.0
157.0
2.71
885.6
3.84
$23.11
538.6
60.82
Low choice
5 Choice


5
72
758.0
889.0
131.0
1.82
857.4
3.55
$21.72
514.0
59.95
Low choice
3 Choice
2 Good


Average daily ration:
Ground snapped corn 17.00 12.32 5.89
Citrus molasses -- 12.32 11.78
41% Cottonseed meal 2.49 2.50 2.48
Kudzu hey 4.85 1.69 6.16
Average pounds feed per 100 Ibs, gain:
Ground snapped corn 815.95 455.22 323.82
Citrus molasses 455.22 6'+7,63
41% Cottonseed meal 119.72 92.48 136 49
Kudzu hay 232.79 62,29 338,78
Salt 1.60 1.18 3.59
Steamed bonemeal 2.39 0.70 3.44
Feed Cost 100 lba. gain $26,80 $20.48 $25.33
Feed Pricss: rrovnd snapped corn, $45 ton; Citrus molasses, $23 ton; 41% Cottonseed meal (hydraulic), $90
Cottonseed reol (Sol-.-~:t), $8 tcn; Salt, $30 ton; Steaaed bcnenmel, $100 ton.
* Based on actual sale dressed beef.


5
72
760.7
913.3
152.6
2,12
876.8
4.01
$20.95
518.8
59.17
Low choice
1 Choice
4 Good

18.01

2.50
5.79

849.87

117.82
273.33
1.65

$27.74
ton; 41%


_ rrru --- IL~_


7 to June 19, 1953









TABIB 2-580: Results of Sugar Feeding Trial.
i su:r


2
Ground
snapped
corn


Basal Ration


Number head (total)

Average initial weight
Average final weight
Average gain
Average daily gain

Average market weight
Pounds shrink
Percent shrink

Average carcass weight
Dressing percentage

Average liver weight


-Garcass grades


3

8522
867,2
1510
2,14

834.3
33.0
3.80


lbs. sugar per head daily last week


Ground
snapped
corn


896.7
916.7
20.0
2.86

879.3
37.3
4.07


509.3 520.3
61.05 59.17


9.94


11.31


3 Choice 1 Choice
-- 2 Good


1 part gr. sn.
2 parts citrus
molasses


901.0
910.0
9.0
1.29

879.3
30.7
3.37

530.0
60.27

10.44


3 Choice


corn :

:Average


883.3
898,0
14.7
2.10

864.3
33.7
3.75

519.9
60.15

10.56


: :Ground
::snapped
::corn


2

912.5
925.8
13.3
1.91

890.0
36.0
3.89


545.0 516.5
61.24 59.16


11.19


7 Choice 1 Choice
2 Good 1 Good


11.13


2 Good


1 part gn. an, :Average
corn 2 parts :
citrus molasses:


Ground
snappe d
corn

2

893.3
908.3
15.0
2.14

783.0
35.5
3.91


9.63


2 Good


6

883.3
897.2
13.8
1.98

862.5
34.7
3.86

517.2
59.96


10.72


1 Choice
5 Good


944.0
857.5
13.5
1.93

824.5
33.0
3.85

490.0
59.43


: No sugar


- -------


--


c or corn




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