| Material Information
||Citrus molasses and solvent process cottonseed meal in steer fattening rations
||NFES mimeo report
||2, 1 leaves : ; 28 cm.
||Baker, F. S ( Frank Sloan ), 1921-
North Florida Experiment Station
||North Florida Experiment Station
||Place of Publication:
||Beef cattle -- Feeding and feeds -- Florida ( lcsh )
Cottonseed meal as feed ( lcsh )
Molasses as feed ( lcsh )
||government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent) ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )
||Statement of Responsibility:
||by F.S. Baker, Jr.
||"March 12, 1954."
||NFES mimeo rpt. ;
vA ? 2 1954'
7TCRTH FLCRIDA EX=ERIhi.... ...ATI ON
March 12, 1954
MFES Mimeo Report 54-5.
*CITRUS HOLASSES A1TD SOLVENT PROCESS COTTO~SEED iEAL INT
SC.:ER FATTENING BATIONS
L, F. S. Baker, Jr.
Assistant Animal Husbandman
The objectives of ti' feeding trial were (1) to obtain further data on the
value of citrus molasses ulhen replacing one-half and two-thirds of the ground
snapped corn in steer fattening rations and (2) to compare solvent and hydraulic
process cottonseed meal in the ration.
Thirty two yearling Hereford steers which had been grazed in Gadsden County
through the summer were selected and divided into four equal groups for experimen-
tal feeding. Luring a short preliminary period the cattle were started on grain
and placed on the following experimental rations:
Lot I Lot II
Ground sn: d corn Equal parts ground snapped corn
nd citrus molasses
415 cottonseed meal cottonseed meal
Coastal Bermuda hay Co- steal Bermuda hay
Lot III Lot IV
One part ground snapped corn Ground snapped corn
and two parts citrus molasses -
413 cottonseed meal 41' solvent process cottonseed meal
Coastal Bermude hpy Coastal Bermuda hay
All lots received tV- spme allowance of cottonseed meal (2.5 lbs. per head
daily). The remainder o" ie concentrates (either ground snapped corn or corn
end molasses) was fed pe- ing to appetite. Hay was self-fed, and all lots had
free access to salt an' -, -med bonemeal.
!hen the first pen c' steers reached an acceptable market finish, it was
slaughtered. The remaining pens were then fed until they attained approximately
the same final weight as the pen which was slaughtered first.
Table 1-580 gives the results of the fattening trial.
As in preceding trials,1 steers fed cqual parts of ground snapped corn and
citrus molasses (Lot II) gained faster and graded higher when slaughtered than
steers on the other rations. It should also be noted that the steers in Lot II
finiehe, .'. 1 I5 to 54 days earlier than those in the other lots and made much
"Mimeo. Reports North Florida Experiment Station, ..arch 26, 1953 and July 2, 1953.
less expensive gains than the steers which were not fed molasses. There was a
greater difference in favor of the molpsses-fed steers in this trial than in
The ration of two rr -s molasses to one -nart of corn (Lot III) gave better
results than in previous :-ials. Gain, cost of gain, yield, and grades of the
cattle fed this ration .:. satisfactory.
Steers fed solvent ;'r. cess cottonseed meal (Lot IV) ate slightly more feed
and reached final weight earlier than those fed hydraulic meal (Lot I). The steers
fed hydraulic meal graded higher and sold for approximately $1.00 per cwt. more
than those fed solvent meal. It should be pointed out that these two meals were
not compared in the molasses rations. It is possible that in the molasses' rations
the solvent and hydraulic meals might have given about equal results, as was the
case in an experiment reported by the Auburn Station in which a shelled corn-
molasses basal ration was fed.2 Eowever, results to date indicate that the price
differential of about $2 per ton between the two meals is more than justified for
steers fattened on ground snapped corn rations.
A rat'rn composed of equal parts of ground mnapned corn and citrus molasses,
cottonseed meal, and hay continued to give much t':-ter results than snapped corn
rations without molasses. Steers fed the corn-mo-asses' rations ate more feed,
gained faster, made cheaper gains, yielded higher, graded higher, and sold higher
than similar steers not fed molasses. The ration of t:Vo parts citrus molasses to
one part ground snapped corn was not quite as satisfactory as t)e ration of equal
parts corn and molasses, but the difference wrs not as great as in former trials.
Steers fed solvent process cottonseed meal as protein suppole-ent ate some-
what more feed and gained slightly faster than those fed hydraulic process
cottonseed meal; however, the steers fed hydraulic meal graded higher.
2Ccrrcs-oacutnc; Alabema Polytechnis Institute. -r .rst 21, 1953.
Table 1-580:-Ros-2Its of Fattening Trial, October 1, 1953 to February 23, 1954
Grn. snapped corn
41% CS meal
Equal parts grn. snapped
corn and citrus molasses
41% Cottonseed meal
Lot III Lot IV
One part grn. snapped Ground snapped corn
corn and 2 parts citrus ----
molasses. 41% CSM 41% CSM (Solvent)
Number of head
Number of days
Average initial weight
Average final weight
Average daily gain
Average market weight
Average shrink (percent)
Mr-rket price per c *
Average fede3r grade
U. S. cr_ aus grades
AvT, price psr cwt dresa-:.i
Avers:_- daily rati o:
Crou- a snapped corn
Cit ms. olasss
41% C'ottcnaeed meal
Coastal Bermuda hay
Ave. lbs. feed per 100 Ibs. gain:
Ground snapped corn 779.26
Citrus molasses --
41% Cottonseed meal 154.26
Coastal Bermuda hay 273.88
Steamed boneme:F'. 1.65
Feed Cost 100 ,-. gain $22.19
Feed prices: Ground snapped corn, $35 ton; citrus molasses,
cottonseed meal (solvent), $63 ton; Coastal Bermuda hay, $25
$20 ton; 41% cottonseed meal (hydraulic), $65 ton; 41%
ton; salt, $30 ton; steamed bons-meal $100 ton.
* Based on actual sale dressed beef. (Choice carcasses, $39 cwt and good carcasses, $35 cwt).