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The Dean's musings
Around the college
The University of Florida
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences |
IN THIS ISSUE:
Cultivating the Seeds of Science.............. 3
Graduation Spring 2006 ......................... 4
Supporting Research Trailblazers............... 5
Unearthing Florida's Slave History............. 6
Around the College .................................. 8
Grants......... ................... .... ................ 10
Bookbeat .......................... ........... 11
EnGAUGEing Physics................................. 12
WUF UNIVERSITY o
The Foundation for The Gator Nation
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
News and Publications
2008 Turlington Hall
PO Box 117300
Gainesville FL 32611-7300
CLASnotes is published by the College of Liberal
Arts and Sciences to inform faculty, staff and stu-
dents of current research, news and events.
For all the art and technology of modern classroom instruction nothing can
really teach quite as effectively as field research. Whether seeking the historical
significance of past changes in local or distant cultures or observing the effects
of climate change, the field experience can have an enormous impact on those
who study life in all its forms.
Researching nature and its history is not limited to focusing on one isolated
species, but rather studying a complex set of interactions that vary in time and
place. Understanding these interactions and their delicate balance is important
in the education of our students in all the social sciences and related areas
which seek to better understand the human condition.
Field schools like the new program at Kingsley Plantation for anthropology stu-
dents (see page 6) teach more than just science-they bring students and fac-
ulty together on projects and teach them to work as a team. Success hinges on
learning to work together and depend on your colleagues. When approached
openly and sincerely, it is also just great fun!
sullivan@phys ufl. edu
Allyson A. Beutke
On the Cover:
UF researchers have returned to Jacksonville's Kingsley Plantation-the site where the Department
of Anthropology pioneered the field of African-American archeology with the first scientific excava-
tion of a slave cabin in 1968-and have established a field school to train the next generation of
anthropologists (see page 6).
COVER PHOTO BY JANE DOMINGUEZ
@ Printed on
CLASnotes June/July 2006
UF students and faculty will soon have access to a new interdisciplinary science laboratory in the university's Health Science
Center complex, thanks to a $1.5 million grant from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI). The grant in support
of undergraduate science education will leverage investments from UF and partners to total more than $3.8 million.
"This award will bring together early undergradu-
ates, graduate students, postdoctoral fellows and
faculty members campus wide to teach and learn
from each other in a way no other facility in the
state does now," says Randy Duran, the grant's lead
researcher and an associate professor of chemistry.
"UF has a very talented freshman class, and we
want to make stimulating opportunities available
to these students."
UF will use the grant money to create the
HHMI Undergraduate Core Laboratory at UF's
Health Science Center. The facility will be devoted
to cross-disciplinary teaching and laboratory work.
"We hope to fund 70 to 100 HHMI freshman
research awards annually in a program called
Science for Life," says Ben Dunn, distinguished
professor of biochemistry and molecular biology
and co-director of the student research part of the
Working with UF's College of Education and
colleagues in engineering, medicine and agricul-
ture, the program also will establish a new science
education minor, allowing hundreds of UF stu-
dents to pursue high school science teaching. An
extramural research program will send more expe-
rienced undergraduates to Scripps Florida and to
some of the most outstanding life science research
laboratories in Europe.
Thanks to more than 150 faculty from 49
academic departments, including 40 clinical fac-
ulty from the UF Health Science Center, freshmen
will learn interdisciplinary research early in the
core lab and quickly move on to conduct indepen-
dent research projects mentored by graduate stu-
dents, postdoctoral fellows and faculty members.
The grant also has enabled UF to partner
with Morehouse College in Atlanta on two major
programs. The first will enable postdoctoral fel-
lows to teach in the HHMI Core Lab and work
on collaborative research projects, spending a year
teaching and researching at each institution. They
will receive additional mentoring from Catherine
Emihovich, dean of UF's College of Education.
Typically, postdoctoral fellows conduct research at
one institution and rarely receive training in teach-
ing or mentoring. When the fellows sign on as
new faculty members at any college or university,
UF will pay each an additional $20,000 to help
get them started.
In addition, UF and Morehouse will jointly
award HHMI Term Professorships to at least
27 faculty members who demonstrate excellent
undergraduate mentoring skills. The awards,
$10,000 over a two-year period, can be spent at
the faculty member's discretion.
"This particular award is especially meaning-
ful as it addresses two important issues," says UF
Provost Janie Fouke. "First, the most interesting
problems are at the interstices between disciplines,
and these faculty members recognize that. They
are committed to reinforcing cross-disciplinary
inquiry from the very earliest days of a student's
career. Second, people cannot address many of
the pressing societal issues without a sound back-
ground in science and math. Put simply, we need
educated voters and this program will strengthen
the science and math base for the next generation
of folks who will be determining federal, state and
local policies. Not only does UF win because we
have received this award, so does the rest of the
HHMI-the nation's largest private support-
er of science education-awarded a total of $86.4
million in grants to 50 universities in 28 states and
the District of Columbia. This year, out of 160
applications, UF is one of 6 to receive the grant for
the first time.
UF's new grant comes on the heels of
another HHMI award. In April, Lou Guillette, a
UF distinguished professor of zoology, was selected
as one of 20 HHMI professors and received $1
million to support undergraduate science research
efforts at UF Guillette is an active participant with
the new award as well.
HHMI has supported undergraduate science
education at the nation's colleges and universities
since 1988, providing 247 institutions of higher
learning with nearly $700 million in grants.
-Allyson A. Beutke
CLASnotes June/July 2006
For the second year in a row, CLAS held two commencement ceremonies
in May. The graduate ceremony was held on Friday, May 5 in the Phillips
Center for the Performing Arts, and the undergraduate ceremony was on
Saturday, May 6 in the O'Connell Center. Almost 2,500 students received
bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees from the college during the Spring
1. Former US Senator Bob Graham received an honorary degree of public service from the
University of Florida at the CLAS undergraduate commencement ceremony on May 6. He
also served as the ceremony's keynote speaker.
2. UF Provost Janie Fouke delivered the keynote speech at the graduate commencement cer-
emony, where more than 300 students were awarded their master's and doctorate degrees.
3. The college honored six undergraduate students with the CLAS Hall of Fame Award for
their excellence in scholarship and leadership. The inductees, from left to right, were Ryan
Fields, Jennifer Kress, Justin Bangs, Monique Dieuvil, Andrew Hoffman and Emily Friend.
4. The UF Alumni Association recognized UF Outstanding Female and Male Leaders in
each graduating class. Five CLAS students received the honor and posed with CLAS Dean
Neil Sullivan before the ceremony. They are, from left to right, Bigad Shaban, Sarah Lowe,
Marni Jacob, Kelli Anne Murray and Andrew Hoffman.
5. Rebecca Gaff was one of six graduating Signing Gators American Sign Language Club
members who signed the Star-Spangled Banner and the Alma Mater during the undergrad-
LLAbnotes June/July ZUUb
supporting research trailblazers
Six college faculty have been named to the 2006 class of UF Research Foundation (UFRF) professors for their distinguished record of
research and strong research agendas expected to lead to continuing distinction in their fields. The three-year professorships, funded
by the university's share of royalty and licensing income from UF-generated products, include a $5,000 annual salary supplement
and a one-time $3,000 grant.
of Political Science
Leslie Anderson has
through her strong
commitment to both
her department and
to the Center for
Latin American Stud-
ies, of which she is an
affiliate. Her research
specialty is the study of democratic development
in newly democratic settings, particularly in Latin
America, and her findings have proved to be glob-
ally applicable and relevant.
Her 2005 book, co-written with Lawrence
Dodd, Learning Democracy: Citizen Engagement
and Electoral Choice in 1990-2001, is
regarded as a model of how to do comparative
research within modern political science. She is
currently writing "Politics on Faith," exploring
the role of citizen values in furthering democratic
development. In 1996 she won her department's
first NSF grant and was recently awarded her sec-
ond, along with Dodd, to continue work on the
electoral and participatory politics of the poor.
er is an associate pro-
fessor of anthropology
whose research in the
Amazon has debunked
views of small primi-
tive tribes living in
of primitivenesss" and its relation to "progress."
His work in the Xingu Basin of Brazil over
the past decade has demonstrated a large, vibrant
population that, over the centuries leading up to
1492, had transformed the tropical forest into
complex, managed landscapes. His 2004 book,
The Ecology of Power, revealed the existence of
regional chiefdoms in the ancient Amazon that
rivaled the complexity of any comparable age
across the globe-stirring debate among those
with western notions of wilderness and primitive-
ness. Heckenberger leads the Southern Amazon
Ethnoarchaeology Project, collaborating with col-
leagues at the Museu Nacional in Rio de Janeiro
researching indigenous groups in Brazil, and is an
affiliate curator for the Florida Museum of Natural
Associate Professor of
Martin is a world
leader in the field
of hydrology and is
working to help the
state better manage
its water resources.
He has been appoint-
ed by Governor Jeb
Bush as one of 16
scientists on the Florida Springs Task Force and
had a leadership role in the development of the
UF Water Institute, an interdisciplinary initiative
dedicated to understanding the physical and bio-
logical processes that affect the quantity and qual-
ity of our water.
Martin's work focuses on understanding
the chemically complex interactions between
fluids and rocks in both marine and terrestrial
environments. He has taken the lead in applying
modern chemical principles to better understand
one of the mysteries of Florida's groundwater
system-the diffuse flow of groundwater into the
ocean-which has won support from numerous
state and federal agencies. He is associate editor of
the journal Ground Water.
Ata Sarajedini is an
of astronomy and a
in the area of stellar
populations. From the
start of his career, he
for his promise--
back-to-back Kitt Peak
and Hubble postdoctoral fellowships after receiv-
ing his PhD at Yale in 1992. Upon arriving at UF
in 2001 he was awarded a coveted Faculty Early
Career Development Award from the NSF
His research is focused on understanding the
star formation and chemical enrichment histories
of the local group of galaxies to which the Milky
Way belongs. He has published 91 papers in ref-
ereed journals and serves as president of the star
clusters commission of the International Astro-
nomical Union. Sarajedini is also the principal
investigator on an international team of astrono-
mers studying globular star clusters and creating an
archive of images and data using the Hubble Space
Telescope. Sarajedini is also this month's grant fea-
ture on page 10.
CLASnotes June/July 2006
Professor of Chem-
istry Kirk Schanze
is a leader in the
field of organic and
chemistry and is one
of his department's
most active scholars,
publishing nearly 70
articles in the past
five years alone.
His research focuses on the interaction of
light with small molecules, polymers and mate-
rials-with a particular interest in the photo-
chemical and photophysical processes stimulated
when molecular systems absorb light. Most
of his current work, funded by the NSF, the
Department of Energy and the Air Force Office
of Scientific Research, explores the phenomenon
of luminescence and solar energy conversion.
Schanze edited the premier set of books in his
field, Molecular and Supramolecular Photochem-
istry, and serves as senior editor of the American
Chemical Society's journal, Langmuir.
Pierre Sikivie is a pro-
fessor of physics who
has spent his long and
seeking to understand
the mysterious dark
matter of the universe.
concluded that more
than 80 percent of the N
matter in the universe
is non-luminous "dark matter," but little is known 2
of its composition. It is suspected that this missing
mass resides in an elementary particle, and sci-
ence has zeroed in on two possibilities: axions and
weakly interacting massive particles.
Sikivie has created novel experimentation
methods to detect axions, which are now being
implemented in a large-scale study at the Lawrence
Livermore National Laboratory. He and colleagues "
have also developed a new model for studying the
structure of galactic halos and the distribution of
dark matter enveloping the luminous components o
of spiral galaxies. In 1996, he was awarded the
Jesse W Beams Award from the American Physical <
Society for his work on dark matter detection. 0
-Buffy Lockette Y
unearthing florda's slave hi
You can visit an antebellum courthouse in a small Southern town, or
tour a columned mansion owned by a wealthy plantation family, but
where can you go to learn about the lives of the slaves who built the
South? The UF Department of Anthropology has the answer. This
summer, a new field school has been established at Jacksonville's
Kingsley Plantation, one of the few places you can find slave quarters
still standing and the site where UF pioneered the field of African-
"If you want to see what slavery was like in
Florida, Kingsley Plantation is the best venue for
that," says James Davidson, assistant professor of
anthropology and African American studies. "You
can go to another plantation that might have three
bricks sticking out of the ground where a slave
cabin once stood, but if you can walk through the
walls of a slave residence that is something alto-
Building on the legacy of former UF anthro-
pologist Charles Fairbanks, who in 1968 became
the first in the US to excavate slave quarters when
he broke soil at Kingsley, Davidson and PhD
students Erika Roberts and Clete Rooney have
returned to Kingsley to learn more about the his-
tory of the plantation and the slaves who kept it
The Kingsley Plantation, located on lush
Fort George Island north of Jacksonville, is named
after one of several of its former owners, Zepha-
niah Kingsley, who operated on the property from
1813-1839 under the task system, which allowed
slaves to work on a craft or tend to their own gar-
dens once the specified task for the day was com-
pleted. The cash crop of sea island cotton, valued
for its long silky fibers, had to be worked entirely
Kingsley was an anomaly among slave own-
ers. While most Southern plantation proprietors
had grown up in the culture, he was a Briton who
chose the lifestyle apparently, in part, because of
an intellectual interest in African culture. More
lenient than the norm, he allowed his slaves to
own guns, work their own crops and even freed
and married one, Anna Madgigine Jai. In written
documents he spoke out against prejudice, but in
practice he profited from the exploitation of slave
"Kingsley, in all his descriptions of slaves,
seemed to be more than ordinarily fond of them,"
says Davidson. "He thought they were wonder-
ful people-well-built, attractive, hard-working.
He held social events and dances for them, gave
them two days off work a week, and participated
in their lives as much as possible. It should be
stressed, however, that while those who labored
under him may have had greater autonomy
than most slaves of the period, they were still
enslaved-with all of the horrors, anxieties and
uncertainties this state conveys.
Kingsley's unorthodox views on slavery came
under scrutiny when Florida became a state and
began passing oppressive race laws to squelch
potential slave rebellions. Fearful for the -..ll-. ..
of his wife and sons, Kingsley moved to Haiti in
1837, the only free black settlement at that time
in the Western Hemisphere.
CLASnotes June/July 2006
Today, the plantation is owned by the National
Park Service and its main house, kitchen house, barn
and the ruins of 25 standing slave cabins are open
daily for the public to visit, free of charge. The foot-
prints of seven additional cabins, completely hidden
under the earth of an overgrown wood, are being
excavated by the UF team.
To train the next generation of researchers,
Davidson has established a historical archaeologi-
cal field school at Kingsley this summer where ten
anthropology undergraduates from UF and the Uni-
versity of South Florida are getting hands-on experi-
ence by excavating the floors of two tabby-wall slave
cabins during Summer A.
"I am seriously considering a career in archeol-
ogy, and I thought this would be a good opportu-
nity, not too far from home, that would give me an
understanding of how it is to be out in the field,"
says anthropology and Asian studies senior Kelly
Christensen. "I've never done anything like this, and
I know it's not for everybody. I have learned you have
to be very patient to be an archeologist, but I think
the payoff is really good. You know you are going to
produce quality results people will be able to trust if
you take your time."
Students are gaining practical archeology
skills-from shovel testing to stringing off and creat-
ing an excavation unit. They have learned how to
read a map, use survey instruments, screen materials
and keep up with tedious paperwork. Within the first
few weeks of digging they uncovered several slave-
owned artifacts, including a hoe blade, clay smoking
pipes, French gunflints, lead shot and sprue, and
sinker weights for fishing.
Field school participants
live on site at a lodge built in
the 1920s, a mere 300 yards
from the excavation site. On
a typical day, they work from
7:30 am to 4:30 pm and keep
a field book detailing their
findings. For their labor, they
receive nine hours of course
credit and vital hands-on
experience. "It's easy to read
about the end results of arche-
ology, but to see how that
data is derived is important,"
says Davidson. "They learn
the process and a little about
themselves and whether they
want to do this as a career." k Roer
Davidson remembers s tuC
his first field school well. As th m -il
an undergraduate at the Uni- ergin
versity of Texas at Austin in ecai t
the summer of 1989-when sl abl
the final installment of a trilogy of Indiana Jones
blockbuster films had Americans newly interested in
archeology-Davidson participated in his first dig at
a prehistoric, hunter-gatherer site in the Sabinal River
Canyon in Utopia, Texas.
Later, to earn money for graduate school, he
helped excavate Freedman's Cemetery in downtown
Dallas, exhuming 1,157 bodies from the African-
American community's primary place of burial from
1869 to 1907. "It changed my life," Davidson says.
"I thought it was such an interesting and worthwhile
project that I never left and, in a sense, I still haven't
left. I have continued to do African-American arche-
ology ever since."
Hired at UF in 2004, Davidson is continu-
ing his work on the experiences of Dallas African
Americans. He is also beginning North Florida
projects such as the site at Kingsley, where one of his
long-term goals is to locate the slave cemetery so that
proper markers can be erected to both commemorate
the dead and protect it from future development
within the park. He also plans to research the nearby
Rosewood community, a former African-American
town outside Cedar Key which was destroyed by a
white mob in 1923.
"The reason people do historical archeology,
for the most part, is to give voice to people who had
no voice in the past," Davidson says. "If this is the
case, then African-American archeology, particularly
plantation archeology, is most vital. It gives voice to
the most oppressed, the most voiceless, in American
In addition to the new opportunity at King-
sley Plantation, CLAS also offers the follow-
ing archaeological field schools to prepare
Formed by the active flood plain of the
Amazon River, the Lake of Quistococha near
Iquitos, Peru has been dated between 500
BC and 700 AD, but the cultural character-
istics of the people that lived in this location
are currently unknown. A new six-week field
school has been established at this site by
Assistant Professor of Anthropology Augusto
www clas ufl edu/users/caycedo/iquitos
Located in one of the most picturesque
regions of southern Italy, the Medieval
Archaeology Field Practicum in Salento
offers a first-rate excavation experience led by
Associate Professor of History Florin Curta.
wwwdcas ufl edu/users/fcurta/Apiqliano html
The valley of Florida's St. Johns River was
home to prehistoric hunter-gatherers for
more than 11,000 years and offers a wealth
of research opportunities, not too far from
campus. Currently in hiatus, the St. Johns
Archaeological Field School is the brainchild
of Associate Professor and Chair of Anthro-
pology Ken Sassaman, who plans to resume
the school in summer 2007.
wwwclas ufl edu/users/sassaman/pages/fleldschool/
field school html
The Yucatan Experience
A fixture among UF study abroad oppor-
tunities, the Yucatan Program in Merida,
Mexico offers a cultural anthropology tract
emphasizing Mesoamerican archaeology led
each summer by Anthropology Professor
wwwclas ufl edu/users/afburns/merida/studv htm
CLASnotes June/July 2006
Pugh Hall Construction Update
Preliminary construction on Pugh Hall began in mid-
June. As a result, Union Road is closed permanently
between Buckman Drive and Fletcher Drive. Fletcher is
closed temporarily at Union Road in front of the Stu-
dent Health Care Center and is scheduled to reopen in
August 2006. Northbound traffic will detour through
the service drive behind the Student Health Care Center
and rejoin Fletcher above the closure, continuing north
to parking facilities and University Avenue.
Gated parkers should note that the existing
entrance to the gated area south of the Student Health
Care Center off of Fletcher Drive remains open. The
gated areas at Dauer Hall and Murphree Hall may be
accessed via the detour noted above.
Student Health Care Center patient parking will
be relocated from Fletcher to the east side of the service
drive behind the Student Health Care Center.
These road closures occur in conjunction with con-
struction of Jim and Alexis Pugh Hall, which will house
the Bob Graham Center for Public Service at UF The
new building, scheduled for completion in 2007, will be
located north of Newell Hall within the former Union
Road roadway. Substantial utility work to support the
new building necessitates the temporary closing of this
portion of Fletcher Drive.
CLAS Students Snag NSF Fellowships
The National Science Foundation recently named the 2006-2007 win-
ners of their Graduate Research Fellowships. Of the 14 UF recipients
and 24 honorable mentions, half were from CLAS. Each fellowship pro-
vides three years of support for graduate study leading to research-based
master's or doctoral degrees and carries a $30,000 annual stipend, as well
as coverage of tuition and fees.
The winners are: William Cox, English; John Hatter, physics;
Edwin Homan, chemistry; Michael Perry, zoology and microbiol-
ogy; Elizabeth Van Wagner, chemistry; and Linda Watson, physics
and astronomy. Students to receive an honorable mention were: Becky
Blanchard, anthropology; Layla Booshehri, physics; Christina Boyd,
political science; Luke Carlson, anthropology; Amanda Chunco, zool-
ogy; Christopher Cook, physics; Brian Dorvel, chemistry; Thomas
Keller, zoology; Jaaved Mohammed, computer science and mathemat-
ics; Maria Elena Morales, interdisciplinary neurobiological studies; Jona-
than Oliver, microbiology; and Sandra Vergara, microbiology.
LLAbnotes June/July ZUUb
Alan R. Katritzky was recently appointed an honorary fel-
low of St. Catherine's College at Oxford University. He also
received an honorary doctorate from the University of Jena in
Communication Sciences & Disorders
Cassie Effort, a doctor of audiology student, recently received
the Audiology Foundation of America's Outstanding Third-
Year AuD Student Scholarship. She is one of two students
to receive a $4,500 scholarship for the 2006-2007 academic
Linda J. Lombardino recently was honored with the 2006
Clinical Career Award from the Florida Association of
Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists in recognition
of her outstanding contributions to improved care and service
in the practice of speech-language pathology.
Ongiri is UF Teacher of the Year
Amy Abugo Ongiri, an assistant professor in the Depart-
ment of English and the Film and Media Studies Program,
has received a UF Teacher of the
Year Award. She has taught at UF
for three years, and her research
interests include gender and sexu-
ality studies, as well as African-
American literature. She teaches
African-American Literature and
also has taught courses through
UF's Paris Research Center.
The UF teaching award is
given annually to two professors
who demonstrate excellence,
innovation and effectiveness when teaching undergraduates.
Gary Fairchild, a professor of food resource and economics,
also received the award this year.
Christou to Advise Canada
Chemistry Professor George Christou was recently invited to
serve on the Scientific Advisory Panel on Nanoscience of the
Supreme Court of Canada. The
panel brings together 12 scientists
from Canada, the US, Israel and
Australia working in diverse areas
Christou is the only chem-
ist on the panel, which other-
wise consists of experimental
and theoretical physicists. He
was appointed as a result of his
research in the area of molecular
nanoscience, which involves the
use of synthetic chemistry methods to prepare molecules that
function as nanoscale magnets (nanomagnets).
CLASnotes June/July 2006
Thanks for the Memories
It is with much excitement and sadness that I write this
farewell letter to my friends and colleagues in CLAS
and at UE I have worked in the CLAS Dean's Office
for almost six years, and now it is time to move on
to another adventure. I will start a PhD program in
journalism and electronic media at the University of
Tennessee in Knoxville in August. Many loyal members
of the Gator Nation are concerned about my presence
in this new place, but I can assure you that I always have been and will be a Gator.
I will miss so many people on campus, and I thank those of you who I have
worked with for your time, energy and passion for what you do, especially my
co-workers in the CLAS News and Publications Office. Jane Dominguez, Buffy
Lockette and Jeff Stevens have taken the college's publications and web sites to a
new level of excellence, and they have made my job easier by serving as dedicated
I have literally been on UF's campus since the summer of 1995 when I started as
a freshman during Summer B, and it will be a change not seeing Century Tower
or driving through the various construction spots on campus each day. However,
I am looking forward to having seasons in Tennessee and not suffering through
90-degree heat and humidity from May to October. I am hoping to make my new
email address email@example.com, but you can always contact me at allydevito@
Thanks for the memories, and please keep sharing story ideas with our office.
If you do not tell us, we might never know.
Allyson Beutke DeVito
Japanese Consul General Visits UF
Consul General Masakazu Toshikage of the Japanese Consulate in Miami visited UF for
the first time in late April to forge ties with the university. In addition to meeting with UF
and CLAS administrators and faculty from the Asian Studies program and African and
Asian languages and literatures department, he was particularly interested in talking with
students. More than 100 undergraduates attended his speech, "Japan/US Relations and
East Asia," on April 21, which was followed by a spirited question and answer session.
Toshikage joined the Ministry of Fo..,i. l f .... in 1968 and has held posts at the
Japanese Mission to the United Nations and the Japanese Embassies in Pakistan, the Phil-
ippines, Austria and the US. Under his leadership, the consulate has hosted a variety of
cultural programs across the state to increase awareness of Japanese art, music and culture.
shooting for the stars
The Hubble Space Telescope, one of the most important instru-
ments mankind has created for observing the universe, is expect-
ed to continue functioning for only a few more years. Associate
Professor of Astronomy Ata Sarajedini is one of a handful of sci-
entists charged with making the most of Hubble's remaining life.
As principal investigator on a
$550,000 grant from the Hubble
Space Telescope Treasury Program,
Sarajedini is using the telescope to
take images of star clusters and create
an archive of observational data and
digital images to be used by astrono-
mers for decades to come.
"Access to this telescope is
fiercely competitive and only about
ten percent of proposals are success-
ful," says astronomy department chair
Stanley Dermott. "Ata has an interna-
tional reputation for his research on
the origin and evolution of galaxies
and the distance scale of the universe.
This new project will be a major
resource for future astronomers."
Along with a ten-member team
of international scientists, Sarajedini is
using the telescope to capture images
of 66 globular clusters within our gal-
axy. The instrument has already sent
back images of half of the clusters and
is expected to complete the remainder
by the end of summer.
"The stars in these clusters are
thought to be the oldest in the Milky
Way," says Sarajedini. "By studying
them we hope to learn about the for-
mation chronology of our own galaxy
and the age of the universe. The orbits
of these clusters allow us to measure
the mass of our galaxy, akin to plac-
ing the Milky Way on a huge balance
Sarajedini first became interested in star clusters as an undergraduate
majoring in astronomy and physics at Yale University. After graduating with his
BS in 1986, he decided to stay on at Yale for graduate school to work with fac-
ulty members on the topic. After completing two postdoctoral appointments,
first as a Kitt Peak National Observatory Fellow and then a Hubble Fellow,
Sarajedini served two years as an assistant professor at Wesleyan University
before coming to UF in 2001.
Shortly after arriving at UF, Sarajedini was awarded a $500,000 Faculty
Early Career Development Program (CAREER) grant from the National Sci-
ence Foundation. He is one of seven astronomy faculty members to earn the
award in the past seven years, including his wife and fellow associate professor
"No other astronomy department in the US has achieved this, as far as
I have heard," says Dermott. "Since only the top 10 percent of young tenure-
track faculty in the United States get CAREER awards, we can safely say that
we are hiring some of the best new faculty in the nation."
In addition to his booming research career, Sarajedini also provides guid-
ance to young astronomers, serving as the department's graduate coordinator
and advisor. He is president of the Star Clusters Commission within the Inter-
national Astronomical Union and a member of the American Astronomical
Society. All of this is a dream come true for the man who decided to become an
astronomer his sophomore year of high school. "I loved it as a hobby and knew
if I could do something for a career that I already enjoyed, that would be the
Visit www.astro.ufl.edu/-ata to learn more about Sarajedini's research or
to view his Hubble images.
Grants Through the Division of Sponsored Research
February-May 2006 totaled $13,694,666. Read the full grants listing at http://clasnews.clas.ufl.edu/news.html in this month's issue of CLASnotes online.
CLASnotes June/July 2006
book beat RECENT PUBLICATIONS FROM CLASS FACULTY
Monkey Farm: A History of the Yerkes Laboratories of Primate Biology, Orange Park, Florida, 1930-1965
Donald A. Dewsbury (Psychology), Bucknell University Press, 2006
Locals called it the Monkey Farm. Researchers referred to it as the Yerkes Laboratories of Primate Biology.
For Donald Dewsbury, the first US lab for the study of non-human primates-located in the university's
backyard from 1930 to 1965-offers a glimpse into the changing nature of science and its practices.
Writing a biography of the Yerkes Labs proved
a natural choice for Dewsbury, a professor of
psychology and an historian of science. "I live
an hour-and-a-half away, and this was once the
premier facility for the study of great apes in the
Primate anatomy, physiology, senses, develop-
ment, social behavior, reproduction, reproductive
ing and thought
came under sci-
The founder and
first director of
the labs, Robert
M. Yerkes, also
was a progressiv-
Essays on its
ogy of its Study,
Edited by Murat .
phy). The study p
such larger issues
as the place of consciousness in the natural order
and the methodology of psychological research.
In this book, leading philosophers and scientists
offer a wide range of views on how to conceptual-
ize and study pain. The essays include discussions
of perceptual and representationalist accounts of
pain; the affective-motivational dimension of pain;
whether animals feel pain, and how this ques-
tion can be investigated; how social pain relates
to physical pain; whether first-person methods of
gathering data can be integrated with standard
third-person methods; and other methodological
and theoretical issues in the science and philoso-
phy of pain.
ist and believed knowledge gained from chimpan-
zees would help us engineer human society better.
Knowledge about the great apes' behavior and
cognitive ability is relevant to humans because they
are so close to humans."
Each of the six directors faced their own chal-
lenges. Yerkes first showed the world that it was
possible to breed and study great apes in captivity.
Karl Lashley focused the lab more on physiological
work, including work on the brain. Henry Nissen
oversaw the shift in ownership from Harvard and
Yale to Emory University in 1956. Later, sick and
overworked, he committed suicide. Acting director
Lelon Peacock soon gave way to Arthur Riopelle,
who, recognizing the shift in the scientific winds,
changed the labs' focus to medical research. Geof-
frey Bourne, a showman who liked television
appearances, supervised the move to Atlanta.
Taking a case-study approach to the book
project, Dewsbury was able to examine changes
in science and its funding, urbanization, race and
gender. Even by the standards of the day Yerkes'
refusal to employ women scientists stood out,
Words, Stepha- r 1 ?
ing in detail at 0--- .
words that "treat I I
people as things, -
and things as
people, and do
so at that strange -
resisting, and household words STPHANI A SMITH
verge," Household Words is a study of how certain
words act as indices of political and social change,
perpetuating anxieties and prejudices even as those
ways of thinking have been seemingly resolved or
overcome by history.
Specifically, Stephanie A. Smith examines six
words-bloomer, sucker, bombshell, scab, nigger,
and cyber-and explores how these words with
their contemporary "universal" meaning appeal
to a dangerous idea about what it means to be
human, an idea that denies our history of conflict.
and the everyday
racism in Florida
was shocking to
ers in the 60s.
profession saw a
shift from the solitary scientist, such as Yerkes, to
large-scale collaborations, funding changes reduced
the labs' flexibility. Post-war funding shifted from
about 90 percent private sources to 90 percent fed-
eral sources, says Dewsbury. "Now people worked
not on what the director thought worthwhile, but
on what they could get grants for."
Governmental concern with human health
finished off Florida's monkey farm. The demands
of medical research, especially cancer research, per-
suaded the government to set up regional primate
research centers. Emory's medical school saw the
labs' potential as a center, and in 1965 moved the
Yerkes Laboratories to Atlanta. Today it is one of
eight national primate research centers funded by
the National Institutes of Health.
.... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... .... ... ... ... .... .. Meyer..
Art and Science ST A TI S TIC S
lin have merged
expertise, as well
as their extensive real-world and teaching experi-
ence, to develop a new introductory statistics text
that makes students statistically literate, while
encouraging them to ask and answer interesting
statistical questions. The authors have successfully
crafted a text that takes the ideas that have turned
statistics into a central science in modern life and
made them accessible and engaging to students
without compromising necessary rigor.
The varied and data-rich examples and exer-
cises place heavy emphasis on thinking about and
understanding statistical concepts. The applica-
tions are topical, current and successfully illustrate
the relevance of statistics.
CLASnotes June/July 2006
INVENTION ACQUIRED BY SMITHSONIAN
The National Museum of American History at The Smithsonian
Institution is now the owner of a collection of pressure gauges
invented by Professor Emeritus of Physics Dwight Adams and
his first graduate student at UF, Gerald Straty.
The Straty-Adams gauge, which paved the way for the world's official
low temperature scale, was created in 1965 by Adams and Straty for studying
the fundamental properties of liquid and solid helium-3. Adams and another
graduate student, Richard Scribner, later used the gauge to study the helium-
3 melting pressure. "We observed that the resolution of the gauge was much
greater than that of any thermometer available and proposed this method for
thermometry," says Adams.
Scientists worldwide now use the gauge to measure temperatures as low
as 458 degrees below Fahrenheit. It was the only instrument involved in the
1996 Nobel Prize winning project on the discovery of superfluidity in liquid
helium-3 by David M. Lee, Douglas D. Osheroff and Robert C. Richardson.
In 2005, the American Physical Society presented Adams the Keithley Award
in recognition of his pioneering efforts in developing the gauge.
When Paul Forman, curator of the Division of Medicine and Science
at the National Museum of American History, first learned in 2003 about
the role the Straty-Adams gauge played in extending the temperature scale,
he contacted Adams requesting the prototype of the gauge for inclusion in a
collection on the production of lower temperatures. However, the exhibit has
now been put on hold as the museum prepares to close this fall for renova-
tions, not to reopen until late 2008.
"Just at the moment most of our attention is directed toward prepara-
tions to keep objects in our collections safe and sound," says Forman. "As we
are a museum of record and research, and see our main responsibility as pre-
serving historically significant artifacts, that is how it should be. During this
interim, however, we will continue to document and describe our artifacts,
and to that end we are looking forward to a visit from Dwight in the autumn,
when we will videotape his explications of the features and functioning of the
several versions of the gauge he has given us."
Forman says he also plans to post photographs and descriptions of the
collection of gauges Adams recently sent him online at www.americanhistory.
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