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Title: CLAS notes the monthly news publication of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- College of Arts and Sciences
Publisher: College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Creation Date: February 2005
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Table of Contents
    Main
        Page 1
    The Dean's musings
        Page 2
    New Associate Dean
        Page 3
    CLAS term professors
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
    Around the college
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Grants
        Page 10
    Bookbeat
        Page 11
        Page 12
Full Text


F ruary 2005
Volume 19






The University of Florida
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences









In this Issue:

Angel Kwolek-Folland
New Associate Dean ......................

CLAS Term Professors....................... 4

Contamination & Culture................ 5

Getting to the Core
of Climate Change ......................... 6

Around the College ....................... 8

Grants................................. ..... 10

Bookbeat ...................................... 11

NEH Fellowship Funds
Literary History............................. 12











S UNIVERSITY OF
FLORIDA
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
News and Publications
2008 Turlington Hall
PO Box 117300
Gainesville FL 32611-7300
editor@clas.ufl.edu
http://clasnews.clas.ufl.edu

CLASnotes is published by the College of Liberal
Arts and Sciences to inform faculty, staff and stu-
dents of current research and events.


Dean:
Editor:
Contributing Editor:
Design:
Web Master:
Copy Editor:
Intern:


The Dean's


Musings


Piecing it Together
The recent tragedy in Southeast Asia, resulting from the
tsunami, and the subsequent outpouring of help and assis-
tance from all quarters of the globe, serve to show how
united humankind can be in the basic support and con-
cern for the well being of its fellow international citizens.
The college has been touched by the efforts of every sector
of our community-students, staff and faculty mem-
bers-who have offered help in countless ways. The effects
will be with us for a long time as the world helps rebuild
the devastated areas.
As academics, we also help in the long term by edu-
cating planners and leaders about developing growth in
fragile areas of all kinds, and managing global networks
that can detect such devastating events and provide early
warnings. The technology is largely known, and signifi-
cant advances can be made in improving its deployment.
Further research in the geological and oceanographic sci-
ences-bringing advanced scientific means of detection
and exploration, especially in understanding and mapping
subduction zones and tectonic plate movements-can help
provide some improvement in advanced warning systems.
Perhaps even more importantly, more extensive research
in planning the development of fragile areas can make a
significant difference in reducing the loss of life following
these cataclysmic events. The work of our anthropologists
to understand the ways in which societies live with and
recover from natural disasters is critically important, and
UF scientists are world leaders in this field.
As researchers, we need to consider devoting more
resources to the earth sciences on a global scale. While
recent scientific applications can help us map changes in
the earth's shape and its magnetic field, too little is known
of the crust and its structure and dynamics. We cannot
prevent such large-scale events from occurring, but we
must learn to detect the pressure points and short-term
consequences with better accuracy over all the sensitive
areas of the globe.
Neil Sullivan
sullivan@phys. ufiedu


Neil Sullivan
Allyson A. Beutke
Buffy Lockette
Jane Dominguez
Jeff Stevens
Michal Meyer
Warren Kagarise


Photography:
Courtesy Jim Channell: Cover, p. 7
Madeline Cajal: p. 3
Jane Dominguez: p. 4, 5, 6, 8, 12
Jane Gibson: p. 10


Printed on
recycled paper


page 2


On the Cover:
As a member of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program-an international consortium of scientists
from the US, Europe and Japan-the Department of Geological Sciences is participating in two
major drilling expeditions this year off the coast of Greenland to gather sediment core samples to
be used to examine how sudden climate change has occurred in the past. Each 9.5-meter, or 10.3-
yard, section of pipe gathered contains 60,000 years of climate history.
CLASnotes February 2005

















Angel Kwolek-Folland

New Associate Dean

Angel Kwolek-Folland has been named CLAS Associate Dean for Centers,
Institutes and International Affairs. This new half-time position will include
oversight of the college's interdisciplinary research institutes and centers,
the International Committee, agreements with other institutions outside the
United States and liaison with UF's International Center on issues of interest
to the college.
Kwolek-Folland first came to UF in 2000 to assume the directorship of
the Center for Women's Studies and Gender Research. She earned her PhD
in women's history from the University of Minnesota in 1987, and before
coming to UF taught at the University of Kansas for 13 years.
She teaches courses in history and women's studies, and her research
focuses on US women's history, women's labor and business history, gender
studies and material culture studies. Currently, she is researching interna-
tional dimensions of contemporary gender rights categories, particularly
sexual rights.
Sociology and women's studies associate professor Milagros Pena is the
new director of the Center for Women's Studies and Gender Research. She
has taught at UF since 1998.


I am very excited about the possi-
bilities this new position affords for
integrating and institutionalizing these
important areas of the college's mis-
sion. Interdisciplinary research agendas
and international initiatives are central
to our teaching, research and service,
but their distinct contributions have
not been clearly visible. This position
will allow us to highlight our centers
and institutes and our international
efforts and also enable us to work
more effectively with the UF Inter-
national Center, other schools and
colleges at UF, and with international
partner institutions.
Centers, institutes and inter-
national programs are the seed beds
for new research ideas and new
pedagogical initiatives. They forge
research and community alliances and
provide vital outreach functions to
local, state, national and international
agencies and audiences. They have
materialized nationally in response to
both grant opportunities and topi-
cal research questions whose answers
can best be found in the intellectual


spaces between the disciplines or across
national boundaries. One could argue
that the interdisciplinary, university-
wide reach of centers, institutes and
international programs characterizes
both the intellectual and structural
future of higher education in the 21st
century.
UF and CLAS are fortunate to be
represented by a large number of these
entities, many of which are nationally
and internationally known. Our col-
lege has the largest number of centers
and institutes at UF, with 34. These
units sponsor research grants, sympo-
sia, conferences, lectures, publications
and fellowships, and work with pro-
grams to offer courses, certificates and
degrees. In the past four years, CLAS
has participated in four successful Title
VI area studies grants, created six new
institutes or centers, and has proposals
in the works for three more. We signed
international agreements with four
countries and added 11 new languages
to our course offerings. The quality
of life survey administered last spring
found that faculty who had non-


departmental affiliations were more satisfied overall
with their experience at UF in 13 of the 15 general
categories queried. Unless center and institute par-
ticipants are, in general, simply a more optimistic
lot, this suggests that life outside the departments
can be invigorating.
One could argue that success like that needs no
oversight. But as these initiatives have grown, coor-
dination has become imperative, and could provide
real benefits. Gathering and interpreting data on
the overall impact on the college of center, institute
and international work will allow us to make the
best case for university resources. Annual retreats
for directors could improve communication among
them and enable them to leverage assets. We can
bridge departments, centers, institutes and inter-
national initiatives to encourage mutually useful
projects, and foster a more seamless connection to
the International Center for exchange programs and
agreements. We can clarify expectations for faculty
who participate in interdisciplinary or international
efforts through joint appointments or affiliations.
And we can do more to alert others to our success.
I look forward to working with my colleagues
to fully integrate interdisciplinary and international
efforts into the life of the college and the university.
-Angel Kwolek-Folland


CLASnotes February 2005


page 3















CLAS Term Professors

The college has selected its 2005 CLAS Term Professors, recognizing three faculty members who are excel-
ling in teaching, research and service. Funded entirely by private donors, the number of term professors
and the amount of the award varies from year to year. This year, each will receive a one-time $6,000 salary
supplement and an additional $3,000 for their research.


Richard Foltz
Waldo Neikirk Term Professor
Richard Foltz is an associate professor of
religion, with research interests in religion
and nature. He came to UF in 2000 after
teaching at Columbia and Brown Universi-
ties and Gettysburg College and earning his
PhD from Harvard in 1996.
Foltz has authored three books, includ-
ing Spirituality in the Land of the Noble
and Religions of the Silk Road. He also has
edited Worldviews, Religion and the Environ-
ment, and he translated Conversations with
Emperor Jahangir, a 17th-century Persian-
language travelogue of India. Foltz has pub-
lished numerous scholarly essays on topics
ranging from world environmental history
to animals in religion. He teaches Religion
and Animals, and was instrumental in help-
ing establish UF's PhD program in religion
in 2003.


Douglas Levey
Jean and Robin Gibson Term Professor
Douglas Levey is a professor of zoology who
has taught at UF since 1988. His research
interests include tropical ecology and seed
dispersal. He earned his PhD from the Uni-
versity of Wisconsin-Madison in 1986, and
also has taught at Brown University and in
Costa Rica as part of the Organization for
Tropical Studies' graduate program.
Levey is studying the effectiveness of
habitat corridors in conserving plants and
animals in fragmented landscapes and also
is exploring the ecology of chili peppers,
addressing the question of why they are
hot. He teaches Avian Biology and a gradu-
ate seminar associated with the Science
Partners in Inquiry-based Collaborative
Education (SPICE) program, which places
UF graduate students in Gainesville middle
schools with large populations of disadvan-
taged youth to foster their interest in sci-
ence and engineering.


Alex Piquero
Mitchell Maaid Term Professor
Alex Piquero, a professor of crin iin. 1...,,
came to UF in 2001. He completed his
PhD in 1996 at the University of Mary-
land, College Park, and served on the facul-
ties of Temple and Northeastern Universi-
ties.
Piquero is finishing a book that will
be published later this year titled C(-rr .--
ing Over the Life Courses: The South London
Males at Age 40, and he also is working on
a longitudinal study which examines how
serious juvenile offenders transition out of
crime in late adolescence and early adult-
hood. He serves on the editorial boards of
10 journals and teaches Doctoral Methods,
Life-Course Ciriniin..1. ._' and Criminologi-
cal Theory.




-Allyson A. Beutke


CLASnotes February 2005


page 4












Contamination


& Culture

Student-run survey finds little awareness
of pollution among the local community

Two-by-two, students in Elizabeth Guillette's anthropology class went door
to door in Gainesville's neighborhoods, traipsing through student apartment
complexes, bedroom communities full of families and depressed and crum-
bling areas that had long passed their prime. The 18 undergraduates in her
Fall 2004 Health, Contamination and Culture (ANT 4930) course set out to
see how much the city's dwellers knew about the everyday pollutants in the
air they breathe, the water they drink, the food they consume and the sub-
stances they use to clean and spruce up their bodies and homes.


"The study had two purposes, one
aimed toward student knowledge-how
to perform research, including writing
survey questions, interviewing tech-
niques, analysis and writing a report,"
Guillette says. "The second purpose was
to determine the public's attitudes and
knowledge regarding contamination,
and if there was a difference between
various socioeconomic groups, age
groups, sexes and educational levels."
The surveyors asked 14 ques-
tions-a dozen of them were simple yes
or no queries-based on food safety and
airborne contaminants. Before setting
out, they chose different educational,
income and racial demographics to
broaden their surveys' reach.
One survey question asked resi-
dents how many synthetic chemicals
they thought were inside their bodies.
Some people guessed it was a handful;
others assumed there were millions. One
respondent answered that, because she
had drunk alcohol the night before that
must mean there was one more chemi-
cal coursing through her bloodstream.
Studies have shown that there are
at least 100 artificial chemicals in the
human body. Guillette is quick to point
out that there could be as many as 700.
She says her students' results, though
not scientific, showed a lack of aware-
ness among Gainesville residents.
"The project really stimulated
thought and recognition that, like
themselves before taking the class, the
general public places little emphasis on
the negative outcomes of pollution and
would prefer to have the technological
CLASnotes February 2005


improvements of life-mosquito spray-
ing for instance-over long-term safety,"
she says.
Other improvements include
genetically modified foods and antibac-
terial soaps, products that are bought by
consumers with little scrutiny but which
deserve a closer look because of their
potential health risks, Guillette says. "It's
a very scary topic. It's threatening to
individuals; people don't want to hear
about it."
The bulk of contamination has
occurred during the post-World War II
years, fueled by consumers raised on the
notion that technology exists to improve
life, not harm it. Air fresheners and
scented candles contribute to indoor air
pollution while heavy metals in certain
types of fish threaten pregnant women
and small children. Guillette says these
threats are well known, but that the
media could do a better job of educating
people about the dangers of contami-
nation. Even when threats are known,
behavior is not always changed. "Overall
it's a feeling of, 'It won't happen to me,"'
Guillette says.
Senior in rl'. .p. .1..; student Katie
Beazell, one of Guillette's students, took
air fresheners to task. "Deodorizing
sprays are sold to stop the bad smells
created by bacteria, when opening a
window will serve just as well," Beazell
says. "Not only is the prospect of killing
every single bacterium in your home
ridiculous, but the chemicals used to do
this can be even more dangerous than
the germs."
Contamination misconceptions


Are you better off swapping your bottled water for tap water?


abound as well. Bottled water, touted as a safe alterna-
tive to municipal tap water, was widely believed to be
safer than its from-the-faucet counterpart in the stu-
dents' surveys. Guillette says in Gainesville, which has
relatively safe drinking water, that view is flawed.
Tiffany Shaner, who graduated in December with
her bachelor's degree in in rll. .'p. .1..;,, was another of
Guillette's students. She was curious about the quality
of tap and bottled water, so she had a professional test
her water in November. Though the city water flow-
ing from her tap was hard, both bottled and tap water
contained impurities.
The best way to protect oneself is by limiting
exposure to potentially dangerous contaminants, Guil-
lette says. "Use moderation; you cannot avoid every-
thing, and you cannot give up everything."
-Warren Kagarise


page 5














Getting to the Core


of Climate Change

In the recent Hollywood blockbuster The Day After Tomorrow, a sudden change
in global climate brings on a new Ice Age that freezes the entire Northern Hemi-
sphere in a matter of days. Since the film was released last summer, and follow-
ing the numerous natural disasters suffered around the world recently, the public
has begun to wonder whether we are on the cusp of a major change in world-
wide weather. Researchers in UF's Department of Geological Sciences are part of
an international team of experts examining how climate change occurred in the
past and what we can expect in the future.
"The scenario of an abrupt climate change suddenly affecting us in a short period of time
is not science fiction, that could happen," says Geology Professor Jim Channell. As a member
of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program-an international consortium made up of scientists
from America, Europe and Japan-Channell recently co-led a two-month drilling expedition
off the coast of Greenland to gather sediment samples from the floor of the North Atlantic.
"What we were interested in was
looking at North Atlantic climate
records of the past 2 million years,"
he says. "The North Atlantic climate
has been a very important element
in global climate change over the last
RVJOIDES Resolution few million years, and we need to be
able to study it in more detail."
A major theory in the scientific
community sensationalized in The
Day After Tomorrow is the idea that
the thermohaline circulation of the
North Atlantic could shut down
due to global warming and, in turn,
cause much colder temperatures in
the Northern Hemisphere. Channell
explains that the Gulf Stream--a
warm current that comes up from the
tropics, past Florida, and up through
the Norwegian-Greenland Sea--is
responsible for keeping the conti-
nents bordering the North Atlantic,
particularly northern Europe, warm.
As the warm surface water of the

SGulf Stream evaporates as it moves
1 Surface casing north, it becomes progressingly more
saline. The salinity increases until the
Drilling fluid Gulf Stream current becomes dense
and cuttings flow
/ up between the enough to plunge down into the
Second casing drillpipe and the depths of the ocean, near Iceland, and
borehole or casing circulate back southward as North

Uncased hole Drillbit Atlantic Deep Water.
"It is like a big conveyer belt
page 6


pumping heat from our part of the
world into the North Atlantic and
it is very important in keeping the
high latitudes warm," Channell says.
The theory is if large ice sheets begin
to melt, which could be caused by
global warming, the North Atlantic
would be flooded by fresh surface
water produced from the melting ice.
This would make the Gulf Stream
less salty as it moves through the area
and unable to sink into the depths of
the ocean, thereby slowing the con-
veyer system known as thermohaline
circulation.
"It could happen very suddenly,"
Channell says. "Not the 'day after
tomorrow,' but on a decadal time
scale, which is scary enough. High
latitude continental ice is melting
right now at an unprecedented rate.
The objectives of our drillings are to
understand how North Atlantic cli-
mate behaved in the past in response
to these sort of ice sheet instability
events."
As a member of the Joint Ocean-
ographic Institutions (JOI), the US
arm of the Integrated Ocean Drilling
Program (IODP), the UF Depart-
ment of Geological Sciences is one
of 20 premier oceanographic or aca-
demic institutions working to serve
the US scientific community through
large-scale, global research programs.
The JOI makes up one-third of the
larger IODP, which includes a branch
from both Japan and Europe. The
National Science Foundation funds
the JOI, while Japanese and European
scientists also have their own internal
funding. The IODP organizes drilling
cruises throughout the world's oceans
to explore the history and structure of
the Earth as recorded in seafloor sedi-
ment and rocks.
In the fall, Channell was co-
CLASnotes February 2005





































chief scientist on the first of two expeditions in the
North Atlantic for the IODP, overseeing a team of
30 geologists from around the world for two months
aboard the 10,000-ton drilling vessel, RVJOIDES
Resolution. Geology Professor David Hodell served
as the stratigraphic correlator on the cruise, running
the machinery used to correlate cores from multiple
drill-holes at each site.
The team collected sediment core samples from
six sites off the coast of Greenland and in the sur-
rounding area, using the abilities of the drill-ship
JOIDES Resolution to maintain position in deepwa-
ter. To reach the seafloor, the crew threaded together
hundreds of segments of 30-meter-long pipe through
the center of the ship in water depths of 2,000-
3,500 meters. Once the pipe was down, a hydraulic
piston corer was fired into the seafloor, collecting
a length of 9.5 meters at a time of sediment, until
about 300 meters of sediment was collected at each
site. Each 9.5 segment of sample accounted for about
60,000 years of history. The mission of the cruise
was to collect samples from various sites in the area
that go back 2 million years in order to map out how
the climate has changed on Earth over that time.
"When the cores first came up, I got them and
ran them through a series of instruments that mea-
sured density, magnetic susceptibility and natural
gamma radiation," says Hodell. "The ship is basi-
cally a floating laboratory. We had a whole team of
sedimentalogists there to describe what they saw,
micropaleontologists who studied the fossils found
in the sediments, and a complete chemistry lab that
examined the sediment and the water."


The entire crew of scientists is reconvening this
May in Germany, where the collected cores are cur-
rently being stored, to divide up the materials and
begin post-cruise research. All scientists who partici-
pated in the expedition have committed themselves
to continuing their research on shore. Hodell will be
researching the carbonate in the sediment cores and
providing chemical analysis on the shell materials
found in the cores, while Channell will be looking
at the variations in the magnetic field and how it has
changed over time.
In early March, UF geology graduate student
Helen Evans and Simon Neilsen, a geology postdoc,
will set sail on the second leg of the North Atlantic
mission, working as an onboard sedimentologist
and paleontologist, respectively. The two legs of the
North Atlantic drilling expedition took five years to
organize-beginning in 1999 with a proposal sub-
mitted by Channell and colleagues-and the team
expects the post-cruise research phase of the project
to take another five years. In two years, the entire
group of geologists from both legs of the expedition
plan to meet in Hawaii to begin compiling results.
In a world reeling from a devastating year of
tsunamis, mudslides and hurricanes, the public has
become more interested in the work of groups like
the IODP, and Channell says that's the way it should
be. "If you have extraordinary weather events, even if
they are not related to global warming, it makes the
public aware that the climate system is something
you really don't want to put out of equilibrium."
-Buffy Lockette


CLASnotes February 2005


page 7













Noted Mathematician Lectures
The CLAS Mathematical Sciences Committee and the
Department of Mathematics are sponsoring a series of
eight lectures this spring by one of the world's most emi-
nent mathematicians George Andrews, a member of the
National Academy of Sciences and professor at The Penn-
sylvania State University. Andrews will present two gen-
eral audience talks, "Why Pure Mathematical Scientists
Should Not Mind Their Own Business" and "Research
Mathematical Scientists and Mathematics Education"
on February 14 and 22 at 4:05 pm in the Keene Faculty
Center. Please visit www.math.ufl.edu/dept_news_events/
2005/andrews.html for information about the other six
lectures.



Fresh Faces
in the Development Office
The CLAS Development and Alumni Affairs office has
welcomed several new faces to its team. Mary Matlock
joined the college last summer as an associate director
of development. She is fundraising with the humanities
departments and also assists with special events such as
CLAS Day, the Outstanding Alumni Brunch and Grand
Guard Weekend. She previously served as the assistant
director of annual giving at the University of Oklahoma.
Director of Development Cody Helmer transferred
to the office in January, having worked at the UF Foun-
dation since 2000 in a variety of positions, including
assistant director of annual giving and director of regional
development. In his current position, he is working with
the basic sciences departments.
Norman Portillo also joined the office in January as
a director of development, and is working with the social
sciences departments. Portillo previously worked at Lex-
mark International on the vendor relations staff.
The new members join Cynthia Butler, senior direc-
tor of development, and support staff, Luz Mieses and
Shirl Raulerson.



Dean's Office Welcomes New Staff


Keri Chardi is a new program
assistant in the dean's office who
will be assisting the college's budget
officer John Watson. Chardi came
to UF in 1999 after working for
15 years in the banking industry.
Before joining CLAS in January,
she worked in the Department of
Continuing Medical Education as a
page 8


Around

the College




CLAS Faculty Named
American Physical Society Fellows
Three UF scientists have been named fellows of the American Physical Society.
Physicists Paul Avery and Peter Hirschfeld and chemist Frank Harris each were
elected for their original research and innovative contributions in applying phys-
ics to science and technology.
Avery was noted for his leadership in developing grid-computing resources
for high-energy physics and other sciences. Hirschfeld's research focuses on high
temperature superconductors, and he was cited for his distinguished contribu-
tions to the theory of disordered unconventional superconductors that helped
to identify d-wave pairs. Harris is a member of UF's Quantum Theory Project,
a group of researchers based in the chemistry and physics departments. His con-
tributions over a 50-year period in developing methods of electronic structure
computation for atoms, molecules and solids were honored.
No more than one-half of one percent of the society's total membership is
selected for fellowship status each year.



Apply Now for
Undergraduate Research Opportunity
The deadline to apply to the University Scholars Program for the 2005-2006
academic year is February 25. The university-wide program, now in its fifth year,
offers undergraduates the chance to gain academic research experience by working
one-on-one with a faculty mentor. Each scholar is awarded a $2,500 stipend and
$500 for travel, while their mentors are compensated with $500. To be eligible,
applicants in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences must have a 3.5 GPA and
a graduation date of no earlier than spring 2006. Forty scholars will be chosen in
CLAS, and each applicant must find their own mentor and project. To apply, stu-
dents must submit an application-which can be found online at www.scholars.
ufl.edu-as well as a resume, typed research proposal, and a letter of support from
their faculty mentor. All materials should be turned in to the department chair of
the faculty mentor. Winners will be announced in late March.


fiscal/office assistant. Chardi's duties
for CLAS include processing fiscal
and P-card transactions, assisting
with ledgers, and serving as a fiscal
specialist liaison for college units
needing assistance.
Chardi's position was formerly
held by Jeannette Hall, who is now
an office assistant in the dean's office


working with human resources staff
Mary Anne Morgan and Sherry
Feagle. She is responsible for payroll
processing and troubleshooting,
maintaining the CLAS staff data-
base and the CLAS staff perfor-
mance appraisal process. All finan-
cial and HR staff members are now
located in 2008 Turlington Hall.


CLAbnotes February 2UUb











DEPARTMENT NEWS
African American Studies
Faye V Harrison, a joint professor of African
American studies and anthropology, presented
the paper "Everyday Neoliberalism, Diminishing
Subsistence Security, and the Criminalization of
Survival: A Perspective on Gendered Poverty in
Jamaica, the US and UK" at an inter-congress
in Kolkata, India. The meeting was organized
by the International Union of Anthropological
and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES). As head
of the IUAES Commission on the Anthropol-
ogy ofWomen, Harrison chaired three sessions,
including one organized with the Indian Anthro-
pological Association and UNESCO on "AIDS,
Women, and Human Rights."

Anthropology
Elizabeth Guillette was recently recognized for
her innovative methodology and outstanding
contributions to children's environmental health
at the University of Minnesota. She received a
plaque and also presented the Richard G. Bond
Memorial Lecture in recognition of the 20th
anniversary of the Bhopal gas disaster in India.
She spoke on her recent research involving the
continuing effects of the gas on children who
were the second generation of exposed parents.

Chemistry
Alan Katritzky was honored at the Interna-
tional Chemistry-Biology Interface Conference
in Delhi, India when one of the symposiums,
"Synthetic Strategies in Heterocyclic Chemistry,"
was presented as a tribute. He also received the
lifetime achievement award from the Indian
Chemical Society and a plaque commemorating
his election as the Foreign Fellow of the Indian
National Science Academy by K.R. Narayanan,
the former President of India.

English
Mark Reid presented a paper titled "Migrat-
ing PostNegritude: Afro-Francophone Women
in French Cinema" at the African American
and Diasporic Research in Europe Conference,
sponsored by Harvard University and held
in Paris. His article, "Haile Gerima: 'Sacred
Shield of Culture'," appears in Contemporary


American Independent Film: From the Main-
stream to the Margins.

The Creative Writing Program is hosting its
56th annual MFA@FLA Writers' Festival on
February 11-12, featuring presentations from
authors Norman Rush, Jim and Karen Shepard,
and Lucie Brock-Broido. The festival is free and
open to the public. Visit www.english.ufl.edu/
events/events2004-05/crw/festival.html for a
complete schedule of events and author sketches.

Mathematics
As one of the highlights of the Special Year in
Number Theory and Combinatorics 2004-2005,
the department conducted an international con-
ference on additive number theory in November.
More than 60 talks were presented, and the event
received support from the National Science Foun-
dation, the National Security Agency and the
Number Theory Foundation.

In late December, Chair Krishnaswami Alladi
was in India for the Mathematics Olympiad, in
which 3,500 high school students answered a
series of mathematical questions posed by Alladi.
The first place winner was awarded an all expense
paid trip to UF for one month for training in
the mathematics department. The Olympiad
was conducted by SASTRA University in South
India, the same site as the 2004 conference on
Fourier Analysis and Number Theory. Alladi pre-
sented two lectures, and Frank Garvan gave the
opening plenary lecture of the conference.

Physics
UF's chapter of the Society of Physics Students
(SPS) has received the Marsh White Award from
the national SPS organization. This is the second
year the organization has received the $300 award
to support projects designed to promote interest
in physics among students and the general public.

Political Science
Leslie Anderson and Lawrence Dodd have pub-
lished an article "Democratie Envers Tout: Par-
ticipation Electoral en Nicaragua, 1990-2001" in
the French journal Revue Le Banquet. It appeared
in the final 2004 issue of the journal.


Mike Scicchitano is the new managing editor of
the journal, State and Local Government Review, a
publication that focuses on the public policy and
public administration fields.

Psvchology
Andrew Hoffman, a senior double-majoring
in psychology and English, has received a US
Department of Homeland Security full tuition
scholarship through its Scholars and Fellows
Program. The program was started in 2003 to
support the development and mentoring of the
next generation of scientists as they study ways to
prevent terrorist attacks within the US. Hoffman
is one of 105 college students who will receive a
tuition voucher and stipend. He is the past presi-
dent of the CLAS Student Council.

Romance Lanauaaes and Literatures
Sylvie Blum-Reid (French) presented "From
Brasov to Paris: Brassai's Visions of 1930s Paris"
for the Paris as Promised Land: Francophilia in
Eastern Europe session at the annual Modern Lan-
guage Association convention in Philadelphia on
December 30.

Statistics
The department has created a university-wide
statistical consulting service, which will pro-
vide high-quality statistical consultation, free
of charge, to graduate students and faculty
researchers. Walk-in consulting is available from
1-2 pm on Monday, Wednesday and Thurs-
day in 101A Griffin-Floyd Hall. This service is
intended for short questions, typically concerning
statistical software packages. Appointments for
more complex or time-consuming questions can
be made by mailing consult@stat.ufl.edu.

Zoology
Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis has been elected chair
of the history and philosophy of science section
of the American Association for the Advance-
ment of Science. As one of 24 sections, members
arrange symposia for the annual meeting and pro-
vide expertise for association-wide projects.


CLAS Staff Receive Superior Accomplishment Awards
Nine CLAS employees have been awarded a divisional UF Superior Accomplishment Award
in recognition of their outstanding and meritorious service to the university. They are: Cindy
Powell, psychology; Erin Smith, history; John Graham, physics; Kimberly Robertson, psy-
chology; Edward Storch, physics; Corinna Greene, African studies; Paula Maurer, botany;
Debbie Wallen, political science; and Mark Meisel, physics. Each awardee has received $200,
a certificate of appreciation and a memento coffee mug. They also are under consideration for
the university-wide awards, which will be announced in April.

Read CLASnotes online at http://clasnews.clas.ufl.edu
CLASnotes February 2005


CLASnotes encourages letters to the editor
E-mail editor@clas.ufl.edu or send a letter to
CLASnotes, PO Box 117300, Gainesville FL
32611. CLASnotes reserves the right to edit
submissions for punctuation and length.


page 9











Grants


Reaching an


Audience at Risk
In the more than 20 years the world has been dealing with the HIV/AIDS
epidemic, a large amount of resources have been dedicated to prevention
programs aimed at persuading people to use protection during sex, though
very little time has been spent determining whether these messages are
packaged in the most effective way to increase condom use. Associate Pro-
fessor of Psychology Dolores Albarracin has received more than $3 million
from the National Institutes of Health to identify and create ways to reach
even the most reluctant audience.


"There is the possibility when you are
designing a program that it does not
reach the audience that it really needs
to," Albarracin says. "Often, those who
don't really need the message are the
ones who will read it, because people
generally like to read information that
confirms what they already believe,
while those who are at risk of contract-
ing HIV/AIDS won't read the informa-
tion because they don't want to deal
with the threatening situation of having
to change."
In collaboration with the Alachua
County Health Department, Albarracin
and her 30-member research team are in
the process of exposing more than 1,100


participants to HIV/AIDS prevention
materials and observing which are most
attractive and effective. The group also
is analyzing 3,000 articles and 200 prior
studies on the success of previous HIV
intervention programs. They hope to
identify the conditions that increase par-
ticipation in intervention programs and
to design new messages that have the
potential to attract the unreachable and
influence their actions.
The five-year project, which Albar-
racin began in 2002, is an offshoot of
her career-long research interest in the
cognitive and motivational underpin-
nings of judgment and behavior change.
Her dissertation work, which she


defended in 1997 at the University of Illinois at Urba-
na-Champaign, investigated the specific cognitions
people form when asked to discuss a particular topic
while distracted by an unrelated memory from the
past. Albarracin said she decided to pursue HIV/AIDS
research because it was a way to complement her PhDs
in both social and clinical psychology.
"I have a strong commitment to applying psycho-
logical theory to anything that would benefit society,
and have concentrated my efforts in modifying behav-
iors that pose risks to health," she says.
Albarracin says she is in the process of apply-
ing for federal funding to begin testing other ways of
attracting reluctant audiences, such as selecting the
most effective information sources, which she will pur-
sue upon completion of her current project in 2007.
-Buffy Lockette


Grants
through the Division of
Sponsored Research

October-November 2004
Total: $7,676,110







Read the full grants listing at
http://clasnews.clas.ufl.edu/
news.shtml in this month's issue
of CLASnotes online.


Zoo ANT AST
STA 6% <1% 11%
SOC ^, 6%


MAT HISGEOL C CRI
4% 1% CSD
41% 1% 2%
GEOG
1%


CLASnotes February 2005


page 10











Bookbeat Recent publications from CLAS faculty


Filipino English and Taglish: Language Switching from Multiple Perspectives
Roger M. Thompson (English & Linguistics), John Benjamins Publishing Company


A year in the Philippines spent helping Eng-
lish-language teachers improve their skills
turned English Professor Roger Thompson
into a spectator of the language wars between
English and Tagalog. Taglish is a meld-
ing of these two languages. A further three
years spent analyzing Filipino commercials,
programs and newspapers showed him that
the use of English and Tagalog in the media
exposes the rifts in Filipino society, and led
to his most recent book, Filipino English and
Taglish: Language Switching from Multiple
Perspective.
English arrived in the Philippines as a
consequence of the 1898 Spanish-American
War. "America decided to teach English to
everybody, and by doing so, freed Filipinos
from the colonial oppression of the Spanish
and enriched their lives," says Thompson.
American soldiers built schools, and the US
imported thousands of highly-trained teach-
ers. It was an early form of the Peace Corps,
according to Thompson, that established
high schools in every province and elemen-
tary schools in every town. Tagalog, a local
language that is much easier for Filipinos to
learn, came to compete with English after it


became the national language in 1939.
Thompson was invited to the Philip-
pines because of a widespread belief there
that English standards were deteriorating due
to the introduction of bilingual schooling,
with Tagalog assigned to the humanities and
social sciences and English to science dur-
ing the Marcos era. Academics and students
were not prepared to use pure Tagalog in the
academic setting, so Taglish developed as an
informal version for both English and Taga-
log.
The role of English, says Thompson,
has changed. "Originally English was for
everyone. But in World War II schools were
destroyed and rebuilding them overwhelmed
the system. The rich and the middle class
put their children in private schools where
English was better taught. As a result, English
became a divider rather an equalizer in soci-
ety."
This division, says Thompson, is reflect-
ed in the media. "English commercials imply
that if you use Tagalog, you are uneducated
and uncultured. The English mixed into the
Tagalog programs and films give a different
message. Here the implied message is that


English degrades
Filipinos and is
the language of
sex, crime and
scandal-all
the things to
do with corrup-
tion.
Thompson
collected his data
while training
teachers how to
use the English
in the media-from commercials and TV
programs to newspapers-in their teaching.
"Only when I got back and started analyzing
the media samples did I find all these hidden
messages." Messages, says Thompson, that
came to the surface in the political battles
when Joseph Estrada was elected president in
1998 on an anti-establishment and anti-Eng-
lish platform. Estrada's win was a complete
surprise to the country, but all the clues were
there in the language battles hidden in the
media. "It's the sort of finding that makes a
social linguist happy," says Thompson.
-Michal Meyer


Conciliation and Confession: The Strug- -
gle for Unity in the Age of Reform, CONCILIATION
1415-1648; Howard P. Louthan (History) and
and Randall C. Zachman; University of Confesion
Notre Dame Press.
From the conciliar to the confessional
age the normal challenges that peacemak-
ers perennially face were magnified. The
church was divided, and there was no
obvious solution to the crisis that began in
the late fourteenth century with the Great esatgglefornityintheAge
Western Schism. This volume investigates Rn i .',1415-1 Lm.,-
the activities of those who worked for R-Uc.Z
the restoration of ecclesial unity, first in
the conciliar era, then in the early years of the Protestant reforma-
tions, and finally during the "confessional age" when theological and
cultural differences between competing religious groups began to
emerge more clearly Special attention is paid to the religiously diverse
communities of central and eastern Europe, an area that has often
been overlooked by scholars who have focused more exclusively on
Protestant/ Catholic relations in the western half of the continent.
-Publisher


Educated by Initiative: The Effects
of Direct Democracy on Citizens and
Political Organizations in the American
States; Daniel A. Smith (Political Science)
and Caroline J. Tolbert; University of Michi-
gan Press.
Educated by Initiative moves beyond
previous evaluations of public policy to
emphasize the educational importance of
the initiative process itself. Since a majority
of ballots ultimately fail or get overturned
by the courts, Smith and Tolbert suggest
that the educational consequences of initia-
tive voting may be more important than


EDUCATED
BY INITIATIVE
THE EFFECTS OF
DIRECT
DEMOCRACY
ON CITIZENS AND
POLITICAL
ORGANIZATIONS
IN HEMIEICMSTIATES
DfLJ m l U B J. OUI Idtlltlt


the outcomes of the ballots themselves. The result is a fascinating and
thoroughly-researched book about how direct democracy teaches
citizens about politics, voting, civic engagement and the influence
of special interests and political parties. Designed to be accessible to
anyone interested in the future of American democracy, the book
includes boxes (titled "What Matters") that succinctly summarize the
authors' data into easily readable analyses.
-Publisher


CLASnotes February 2005


page 11












NEH Fellowship Funds


Literary History


The National Endowment for the
Humanities has awarded Assistant Pro-
fessor of Women's Studies Trysh Travis
a 12-month fellowship. Travis will
use the $40,000 award to complete
her book, The Persistence of Sentiment:
Contemporary American Literature and
the Culture of 12-Step Recovery.
"The book is about the way that
regular people-educated, thoughtful,
but not necessarily scholarly readers-
interact with literature, and use lit-
erature to cultivate their imaginations
and their spirits," says Travis. Her book
is a work of interdisciplinary literary
history focused on the print culture of
the 12-step recovery movement, which
began with the founding of Alcohol-
ics Anonymous in 1935. It traces
the development of the program and
explores the material and intellectual


UNIVERSITY OF

SFLORIDA
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
News and Publications
2008 Turlington Hall
PO Box 117300
Gainesville FL 32611-7300
editor@clas.ufl.edu
http://clasnews.clas.ufl.edu


influence of the recovery movement on
contemporary literary culture.
"As academics, we publish books
and articles for each other, and then
wonder why the public is skeptical
of our ambitions and the legislature
wants to cut our funding. I hope to
write a book that, I think, the average
person will want to read and will be
able to understand-one that makes
a contribution to the culture at large,
not just to scholarly knowledge."
Travis received her PhD in Ameri-
can studies from Yale University and
specializes in 20th-century American
reading and publishing history. She
joined UF last fall after holding posi-
tions at the Southern Methodist Uni-
versity in Dallas and Trinity College in
Hartford, Connecticut.
The National Endowment for the


Humanities is an independent grant-making agency
of the US government dedicated to supporting
research, education, preservation and public pro-
grams in the humanities. It received 1,470 fellowship
applications this year and awarded only 193 fellow-
ships, a success rate of 13 percent.
-Allyson A. Beutke