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Title: CLAS notes the monthly news publication of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- College of Arts and Sciences
Publisher: College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Creation Date: October 2004
Frequency: monthly
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General Note: Description based on: Vol. 2, no. 11 (Nov. 1988); title from caption.
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Table of Contents
    Main
        Page 1
    The Dean's musings
        Page 2
    CLAS welcomes new faculty
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
    Around the college
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Grants
        Page 10
    Bookbeat
        Page 11
        Page 12
Full Text

















The University of Florida
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences


-. n-a--
- --. '-


IB~;i~









In this Issue:

CLAS Welcomes New Faculty........... 3

An Island Wilderness..................... 6

Around the College ....................... 8

Grants................................... ... 10

Bookbeat ...................................... 11

Conserving the Amazon .............. 12


E-mail editor@clas.ufl.edu with your news and
events information for publication in CLAS-
notes. The deadline for submissions is the 15th
of the month prior to the month you would
like your information published. Don't wait!
Send us your news and events today!


. UNIVERSITY OF
FLORIDA
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
News and Publications
2008 Turlington Hall
PO Box 117300
Gainesville FL 32611-7300
editor@clas.ufl.edu
http://clasnews.clas.ufl.edu

CLASnotes is published by the College of Liberal
Arts and Sciences to inform faculty, staff and stu-
dents of current research and events.


Dean:
Editor:
Contributing Editor:
Design:
Web Master:
Copy Editor:


The Dean's


IMusings


Environmental Studies and the Future
One of the most pressing challenges facing society, and
researchers, educators and policy makers in particular, is the
development of a deeper and more comprehensive understand-
ing of the environment. The University of Florida and the Col-
lege of Liberal Arts and Sciences have important roles to play
in this field. With the large number of fragile ecosystems in the
state from delicate coastal estuaries, such as Seahorse Key near
Cedar Key, to the Everglades restoration, and the socio-eco-
nomic impact of land and water use in one of the most rapidly
developing regions in the nation, advanced research and broad
educational programs are essential if we are to assure a high
quality of life for future generations.
In the sciences, CLAS faculty members are using advanced
scientific technologies (GPS/RS, mass spectrometry, isotope
analysis) to carry out research projects on ecosystems, global
climate change, and bio-complexity. The data obtained through
these efforts will help guide policy makers in setting standards
for the future. Interdisciplinary institutes such as the Land Use
and Environmental Change Institute (LUECI) and the new UF
Water Institute provide focal points for these efforts. Scientists
also are participating in the National Science Foundation's
nationwide infrastructure program, the National Ecological
Observatory Network (NEON) that will be part of continent-
wide networked observatories to collect data on ecological and
evolutionary processes.
A research project that highlights the strength of our envi-
ronmental sciences is the $2.4 million grant received from the
Moore Foundation to fund a science-based conservation project
in the Amazon wetlands. UF ecologists and geographers are col-
laborating with Brazilian and Peruvian researchers to stimulate
agreements and legislation that will promote the conservation of
aquatic biodiversity in the region. (See page 12 for more details)
There is a strong component of social and behavioral
sciences faculty to study the effect of land-use from socio-eco-
nomic factors arising from human and environment interac-
tions, studies of environmental politics and global economy.
The humanities also will play an important role with studies
focused on ethics and environmental issues, and research into
global climate changes that impact culture.
These efforts are truly interdisciplinary, reaching across
all units and colleges and across our state. Florida can in many
ways provide national leadership by carrying out the necessary
rigorous research and training the next generation of researchers
and educators who will implement the changes we will inevita-
bly need.
Neil Sullivan
sullivan@phys. ufi.edu


Neil Sullivan
Allyson A. Beutke
Buffy Lockette
Jane Dominguez
Jeff Stevens
Michal Meyer


Photography:
Jane Dominguez: cover, p. 3 (Austin, Blondeau,
Bures, Bwenge, Egi), p. 4, p. 5 (LoCastro,
Oyuela-Caycedo, Sow, Travis, Zimmerman), p.
7, p. 8 (Moseley, Stevens), p. 10
Courtesy William Conwill: p. 3 (Conwill)
Buffy Lockette: p. 5 (Matcheva)
Courtesy The Weather Channel: p. 8 (Abrams)
Nigel Smith: p. 12


Printed on
recycled paper


page 2


On the Cover:
Hundreds of different species of birds, fishes, invertebrates, plants, reptiles and amphibians
inhabit Seahorse Key and its surrounding waters. Part of the Cedar Keys National Wildlife Refuge,
researchers from UF and other institutions are able to visit the island and study undisturbed wild-
life. See page 6 for full story.
CLASnotes October 2004











CLAS Welcomes

New Faculty


CLAS welcomes more than 60 new faculty
members this year. Over the next few months,
CLASnotes will be introducing these new faces.


Sharon Aus-
tin is an asso-
ciate professor
in the Depart-
ment of Politi-
cal Science.
Before coming
to UF, she
taught at the
University of
Louisville, the
University of Missouri, Columbia University
and the University of Michigan. She earned
her PhD in political science from the Univer-
sity of Tennessee in 1993.
Her current research examines African-
American politics and poverty in the Missis-
sippi Delta, and she has a book in press with
the State University of New York at Albany
Press, due out in late 2005, titled The Trans-
formation ofPlantation Politics: Black Politics,
Concentrated Poverty, and Social Capital in the
Mississippi Delta. At UF, Austin plans to teach
courses in African-American, minority and
urban politics, as well as American govern-
ment.

H6ilne
Blondeau is
an assistant
professor of
French lin-
guistics in the
Department
of Romance
Languages and
Literatures.
She completed
her PhD in inrl,-.. p.' 1., in 2000 at the
University of Montreal with a specialization
in linguistic in rl. -..p. ,. After completing
a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of
Pennsylvania in 2001, Blondeau served as an
assistant professor of linguistics at the Univer-
sity of Ottawa.
Her research examines spoken data from
the sociolinguistic corpus of French in order
to describe linguistic variations and change in
varieties of Canadian French. She is teaching
a French undergraduate course, Composition
and Stylistics, and a graduate course, Special
Studies in French Linguistics.
CLASnotes October 2004


Regina Bures
is an assistant
professor in
the Depart-
ment of
Sociology. She
received her
PhD in sociol-
ogy in 1998
from Brown
University,
specializing in aging and demography. Bures
completed a postdoctoral fellowship at the
University of Chicago and served as a senior
research scientist at the University of Albany
before coming to UE
Her research focuses on life course
changes, uses of the health and retirement
survey, and historical patterns of social change
in Charleston, South Carolina. She is teaching
Urban Sociology and Social Inequality.

Charles
Bwenge is an
assistant pro-
fessor, jointly
appointed
between the
Center for
African Stud-
ies and the
i Department
of African and
Asian Languages and Literatures, specializing
in Swahili. He earned his PhD in linguistic
in rl-,i. -p. .1..,- from the University of Virginia
in 2002 and served as a lecturer and the coor-
dinator of the Swahili program at Princeton
University.
Bwenge's current research project
explores the sociocultural and linguistic
aspects underlying the patterns of language
use in the Tanzanian political setting, with
particular focus on the national parliamentary
proceedings and election campaign meetings.
He is teaching The World of Swahili.


William L.
Conwill is an
assistant pro-
fessor, jointly
appointed
between
the African
American
Studies Pro-
gram and the
Department
of Counselor Education in the College of
Education. He received his PhD in counseling
psychology from Stanford University in 1980.
Before coming to UF this fall, Conwill taught
at the University of Tennessee in its mental
health counselor and counselor education
training programs.
His current research investigates how
aware mental health professionals are when
they interact along intersections of gender,
race and class with their patients. This semes-
ter, he is teaching two courses-The Black
Experience: Psychological Perspectives and
Counseling Theories and Applications.

Takako Egi
is an assistant
professor in
the Depart-
ment of Afri-
can and Asian
Languages and
Literature.
She earned her
PhD in July
2004 from
Georgetown University, where she served as a
lecturer in the Department of East Asian Lan-
guages and Literatures.
Egi's primary research areas are second
language acquisition and teaching Japanese as
a foreign language, specifically the effects of
communicative interaction and feedback on
learning Japanese and the roles of attention
and awareness in second language learning.
She is teaching Beginning Japanese.




continued on page 4
page 3











New Faculty continued from page 3



Gail Fanucci
is an assistant
professor in
the Depart-
ment of
Chemistry.
She is a UF
alumna, com-
pleting her
PhD in chem-
istry in 1999.
She returns to UF from the University of
Virginia, and her research utilizes site-directed
spin labeling and electron paramagnetic reso-
nance spectroscopy to study biopolymers such
as membrane proteins.
Fanucci is teaching Physical Chemistry
to undergraduates this fall and will be teach-
ing a biochemistry and molecular biology lab
during the spring.

Faye
Harrison
is a profes-
sor, jointly
appointed
between the
African Amer-
ican Studies
Program and
the Depart-
ment of
Anrl-...p.. .. .. She earned her PhD in anthro-
pology from Stanford University in 1982, and
she comes to UF from the University of Ten-
nessee, where she served as the Lindsay Young
Professor of Anrl ,,..p. ..._1,.
As a political anthropologist, her current
research concerns the politics and political
economy of social inequality and human
rights. Harrison presented her work at the
United Nations World Conference Against
Racism, Xenophobia, and Related Intoler-
ance in 2001. She is editing a book based on
some of the issues discussed at the event titled
Resisting Racism and Xenophobia: Global Per-
spectives on Race, Gender, and Human Rights,
which is in press with AltaMira Press. She is
teaching a graduate course on diasporas this
semester.


So Hirata is
an assistant
professor in
the Depart-
ment of
Chemistry.
He received
his PhD in
theoretical
chemistry
from the
Graduate University for Advanced Studies
in 1998. He has held positions with the
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science,
the University of California, Berkeley, the
Quantum Theory Project at UF, Pacific
Northwest National Laboratory and Hiro-
shima University.
Hirata's research focuses on the develop-
ment of new many-body theories describing
concerted motions of electrons in atoms and
molecules in the gas and condensed phases
and in crystalline solids. In 2003, he pub-
lished the fifth edition of the Encyclopedia
for Experimental Chemistry through The
Chemical Society of Japan. He teaches Physi-
cal Chemistry II.

Michael
Jubien is a
professor in
the Depart-
ment of
Philosophy.
He earned his
PhD in phi-
losophy and
logic at the
Rockefeller
University in 1972, specializing in analytical
metaphysics. He comes to UF from the Uni-
versity of California, Davis, where he served
as a professor since 1988.
Jubien also held appointments at the
University of Illinois, Chicago and the
University of Massachusetts, Amherst. His
research analyzes the concepts of necessity and
possibility, and he is teaching Metaphysics
and a graduate seminar on modality.


Ingrid Anne
Kleespies is
an assistant
professor in
the Depart-
ment of
Germanic and
Slavic Studies.
She complet-
ed her PhD
work at the
University of California, Berkeley in summer
2004, specializing in late 18th to mid-19th
century Russian literature with special empha-
sis on Romanticism.
Her current research addresses the way
in which images of nomads and wanderers
become key cultural symbols in Russian and
Polish literature of the Romantic period. She
is teaching Russian language and literature
courses.

Patrick De
Leenheer is
an assistant
professor in
the Depart-
ment of
Mathematics.
He received
his PhD in
applied sci-
ences from
Ghent University in Belgium in 2000. Since
then, he has held positions at Eindhoven
University of Technology in The Netherlands,
Arizona State University and Rutgers Univer-
sity. His research area is mathematical biology,
specifically chemostat and HIV models, and
he is teaching Mathematical Methods for
Engineers.


CLASnotes October 2004


page 4















Virginia
LoCastro is
an associate
professor in
the Program
in Linguistics.
She comes
to UF from
Universidad
de las Ameri-
cas in Puebla,
Mexico, where she was a professor for the past
six years. She received her PhD in linguistics
and modern English language in 1990 from
Lancaster University in the UK, specializing
in discourse analysis and pragmatics.
Her current research involves a study on
academic writing by Mexican Spanish stu-
dents, but she is preparing for other studies
at UF, one involving linguistic politeness in
Mexican Spanish and another on academic
spoken discourse with the Academic Spoken
English program in CLAS. Locastro teaches
Teaching English as a Second Language
(TESOL) Methods and Materials.

Katia
Matcheva is
an assistant
professor in
the Depart-
ment of Phys-
ics who joins
UF in January
2005. She
completed
her PhD in
2000 from Johns Hopkins University and has
held appointments at the Laboratory of Space
Research and Instrumentation in Astrophys-
ics at the Paris Observatory in France, as well
as the Center for Radiophysics and Space
Research at Cornell University.
Matcheva's research focuses on problems
related to the physics and chemistry of plan-
etary atmospheres in the solar system, involv-
ing numerical modeling and simulations for
the relevant atmospheric processes.


Augusto
Oyuela-
m pCaycedo is
an assistant
professor in
the Depart-
ment of
A nrl,,..p..l..;..
He received
his PhD from
the University
of Pittsburgh and completed a postdoctoral
fellowship at the University of Calgary. For
the past three years he has served as a visiting
assistant professor at the University of Ken-
tucky. Oyuela-Caycedo has also been an asso-
ciate professor at the Universidad Nacional de
Colombia.
His current research is on the historical
ecology of the Amazon, with a focus on the
frontier regions of Colombia, Peru and Brazil.
He is teaching Historical Ecology, Ecology of
Religion, and Shamanism.

Alioune
Sow is an
assistant pro-
fessor jointly
appointed
between the
Center for
African Stud-
ies and the
Department
of Romance
Languages and Literatures. He completed his
PhD in 2003 at The University of Paris-Sor-
bonne Paris IV. His dissertation studied the
writings on childhood in African literature,
both Anglophone and Francophone. Before
coming to UF Sow taught at Cambridge Uni-
versity in the UK.
His research focuses on the protocols
of childhood in African literature, but also
includes the notion of democracy and litera-
ture in Mali, African tragedies, memory and
literature. He is teaching two courses-Fran-
cophone Cultures and African Humanities.


Trysh Travis
is an assistant
professor in
the Center
for Women's
Studies and
Gender
Research. She
received her
PhD in Amer-
ican studies
from Yale University and specializes in 20th
century American reading and publishing
history. Before coming to UF, she held posi-
tions at the Southern Methodist University in
Dallas, Texas and Trinity College in Hartford,
Connecticut.
Travis' research looks at the expansion
of 12-step self help groups during the 20th
century and their influence on the publishing
industry and literary genres. She is teaching
Interdisciplinary Perspectives of Women and
US Women Writers.

Andrew
Zimmerman
is an assistant
professor in
the Depart-
ment of
Geological
Sciences who
came to UF
in January
2004. He
received his PhD from the College of William
and Mary and served as a research associate at
Pennsylvania State University before coming
to UE
His research involves studies of coastal
eutrophication, organic matter preservation
in sediments and nanogeology. Zimmerman
teaches Introduction to Oceanography and
Organic Geochemistry.


CLASnotes October 2004


page 5














An Island Wilderness

Seahorse Key Provides Pristine Research Area


The island of Seahorse Key, Florida has been home to an inter-
esting mix of inhabitants over the years, from Seminole prison-
ers to Civil War soldiers. But in recent times, it has gone to the
birds...and the snakes and the horseshoe crabs. Located off
the shore of Cedar Key, about a 20-minute boat ride from the
town's popular oceanfront boardwalk, the serene island para-
dise is uninhabited by humans, with the exception of research-
ers and educators utilizing the University of Florida Seahorse


Key Marine Laboratory.
"It is a magical place," says Zool-
ogy Professor Jane Brockmann, who
has been studying the island's horseshoe
crab populations since 1989. "One of
the things that makes the lab useful is,
since the island is a wildlife refuge, we
can study the behavior of a species and
know that it has not been disturbed."
Part of the Cedar Keys National
Wildlife Refuge, Seahorse Key serves as
a safe haven for more than 100 differ-
ent species of birds over the course of a
year. Brown and white pelicans, white
ibis, cormorants, and several species of
egrets and herons flock to the island to
nest and raise their young. A long-term
agreement between UF and the US Fish
and Wildlife Service allows the uni-


versity to conduct programs associated
with its 50-year-old marine lab on the
island. In exchange, UF helps preserve
the island and maintain its historic
lighthouse, which celebrated its 150th
anniversary in August.
"People can come out here and
study raw nature-from the marine
sciences to coastal and estuarine ecol-
ogy," says Harvey Lillywhite, a zoology
professor and director of the Seahorse
Key Marine Laboratory since 1998. He
recalls a statement made by the late UF
zoology professor and renowned sea
turtle biologist Archie Carr, "The great-
est thing about the marine laboratory is
the island itself."
With the approval of Lillywhite


Open Lighthouse October 16-17
If you would like the opportunity to visit Seahorse Key, mark your cal-
endar for the annual open lighthouse event on October 16-17. Hosted
by the US Fish and Wildlife Service, UF Seahorse Key Marine Laboratory
and the Florida Lighthouse Association, visitors will get the rare oppor-
tunity to tour the island, lighthouse and cemetery. Coinciding with the
32nd Annual Cedar Key Seafood Festival, the island will be open to
guests, free of charge, from 8:30 am to 4 pm. Boat transportation to
the island can be arranged through the Cedar Key Island Hopper at
the city marina at the cost of $14 for adults and $7 for children under
12 years of age. Boats will depart the marina hourly from 8 am until 2
pm. For more information, visit www.cedarkeyislandhopper.com or call
352-543-5904. Private vessels are also welcome. Those interested in
scheduling a research or education related visit should contact Harvey
Lillywhite at hbl@zoo.ufl.edu or 392-1101.


and the US Fish and Wildlife Service, researchers from
across campus and other institutions worldwide are
allowed to study wildlife on the key and its surround-
ing waters. In addition to the island's bird population,
scientists have access to hundreds of species, including
terrestrial vertebrates, such as snakes, numerous fishes
and marine invertebrates, and terrestrial and marine
plants. And while seahorses do inhabit the area, the
island takes its name from its shape.
There are seven new research projects taking place
on the island. A doctoral student from the Georgia
Institute of Technology is investigating the mating
system of dusky pipefish, while a student from Auburn
University is studying the geographic distribution
of segmented worms. A team from the Smithsonian
Marine Station in Fort Pierce, Florida is studying the
ecology and evolution of larval sponges and bryozoans.
Students and professors from UF are studying a diver-
sity of subjects ranging from the properties of sub-
merged soils to plant surveys within the Cedar Keys.

Lillywhite is researching the island's unique snake
population-made up mostly of cottonmouths-and
its relationship with the nesting birds. The snakes
tend to reside under the bird rookeries and feed on
fish dropped or regurgitated by the nesting birds. Lil-
lywhite and his research assistants believe they have
found the answer to an interesting phenomenon that
has left others scratching their heads-the fact that
the nesting birds bypass most of the 800 acres of ref-
uge space available to them in the Cedar Keys island
chain and choose to nest at Seahorse Key. "We believe
the dense snake population is a deterrent to potential
nest predators including raccoons, non-native rats and
arboreal snakes," Lillywhite says. "Raccoons reside on
other adjacent islands where there are far fewer snakes,
and the birds choose not to nest there. We also find an
inverse relationship between the number of snakes and
the number of introduced rats on the island. Where


CLASnotes October 2004


page 6







Left to right: Director Harvey Lillywhite, Marine
Superintendent Henry Coulter and Marine
Mechanic Al Dinsmore round out the Seahorse
Key staff. Coulter has been on the job for the
past 26 years and Dinsmore for the past 12. They
both reside in Cedar Key and boat to the island
almost daily to do every job imaginable, including
lawn care, boat repair and building maintenance.





snakes are most numerous-at the bird rookeries-
there are very few rats.
Another interesting species on the island is the
horseshoe crab. The prehistoric looking creature is
helmet-shaped with a domed body and a long tail,
which it uses to right itself when turned over. More
closely related to scorpions or spiders than crabs, the
10-legged creature looks the same as its ancestors did
over 100 million years ago, during the age of dino-
saurs. Hundreds cover the beach during the high tide
of a full moon to mate and deposit eggs. Brockmann
is studying the crab's reproductive and mating behav-
ior, in particular why the crabs mate in groups and
share parenthood.
"I started going out to Seahorse Key when I first
came to UF in 1979, at first just taking classes out
there," Brockmann says. "Then around 1989-1990,
I became really interested in the horseshoe crab. It
is a very peculiar creature. For example, its eggs are
laid in the sand and fertilized outside the body in the
sand, unlike any other arthropod. There is just noth-
ing else like it on earth, nothing that is still around
anyway."
Brockmann primarily works on the island during
the spring, which is the height of the mating season.
She has to do most of her work at night, when the
crabs come ashore, so she stays overnight in the dorm
space available inside the lighthouse. For a modest
fee, up to 26 people can sleep in bunk-style accom-
modations within the lighthouse, which also contains
two small bathrooms and a kitchen on each end of
the house equipped with refrigerators, a gas stove,
ice machine and microwave ovens. Filtered drinking
water is pumped from a freshwater lens beneath the
island, and electricity is provided by a generator. Other
facilities include a small teaching and research lab, an
outdoor pavilion with tables and holding tanks, storage
sheds, and boats including a research vessel, the R/V
Discovery.
According to the Cedar Key Historical Society,
the Seahorse Key Lighthouse was built in 1854 and
is based on a unique design by Lieutenant George
Meade, who later became a famed American Civil
War general, leading the Union Army in the Battle of
Gettysburg. The island of Seahorse Key had already
been established as an American military reservation in
1841 and was used to detain Seminole prisoners after
the Second Florida/Seminole War. During the Civil
War northern troops captured the island and used


it as a cantonment where confederate
soldiers were imprisoned. The remains
of a battery can still be found on the
island, deep in a small wood, next to a
graveyard where four Navy officers are
buried, as well as a lighthouse keeper
and his wife.
The lighthouse was constructed
on the highest Pleistocene dune in the
Gulf and showed the way for the ships
sailing into the active Cedar Key port
in the 1880s. A regular line of steam
ships ran from Cedar Key to Tampa and
Key West and a considerable amount
of business was done with New Orleans
and Havana. The Seahorse Key Light-
house lit the way for all this traffic. By
1915, however, the lighthouse was deac-
tivated, and its fourth order Fresnel lens
was permanently darkened. Climbing
through the beacon and stepping onto
its observation deck reveals a spectacular
360-degree view of the island and the
sea beyond, including the Cedar Key
coastline.
During the 2003-2004 academic
year, 19 different courses at UF used
the facilities of the Seahorse Key Marine


Laboratory, representing disciplines in
zoology, botany, environmental and
coastal engineering, veterinary medicine,
environmental chemistry, mathemat-
ics and entomology. Though the lab
is administered by the Department of
Zoology, any legitimate educator or
researcher can use the site and its facili-
ties. Numerous outreach and environ-
mental education agencies and organiza-
tions also bring groups to Seahorse Key,
including the Audubon Society, Florida
Museum of National History, several
area schools and training institutes for
teachers. Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts
groups also occasionally tour the island.
"The influence on young people
is very important," says Lillywhite. "So
many students, when they are young, go
to a field station for the first time and
they always remember it. The experience
helps them to make career decisions,
encourages stewardship, and is some-
thing they carry with them for the rest
of their lives."
-Buffy Lockette


CLASnotes October 2004


page 7







Mark Your Calendar
The 2004 Southeast Early China Roundtable will be
held at UF on October 15-17. The keynote speaker
of this year's conference is Lothar von Falkenhausen,
a professor of art history and archaeology at the Uni-
versity of California, Los Angeles and co-editor of the
Journal ofEast Asian Archaeology. His public lecture, "A
Silk Route Oasis in History and Archaeology: Notes
from a Recent Journey to Khara-khoto," will take place
at the Ham Museum of Art at 6 pm on October 15
and is free and open to all. For more information, con-
tact Cynthia L. Chennault at cchenna@aall.ufl.edu.



Moseley Named Interim
Chair of Anthropology
Michael Moseley is the new interim chair of the
Department of Anrl- ..p .1 .. ,, succeeding Allan Burns
who left this fall, after six
years, to become associate
dean of faculty affairs for
the college.
A distinguished
professor, Moseley has
been at UF since 1984
and has served as associ-
ate chair of Acnrld.."..pl
for five years. He earned
his PhD in inr l,..p..l.. ,-
from Harvard University
in 1968 and his research
focuses on human evolution in the Andes Mountains.
He has gained worldwide recognition in his field for
his current project studying ceremonial beer libation
halls in the region. In 2000, Moseley was elected to the
National Academy of Sciences.



CLAS Dean's Office
Welcomes New Webmaster
Jeff Stevens has joined the CLAS News and Publica-
tions Office as the college's official Web master. He
will be responsible for designing and maintaining the
CLAS Web pages and assisting departments and cen-
ters with their Web sites.
Stevens previously served as a senior computer
support specialist for UF's Student Financial Affairs
office. He earned
a bachelor's degree
in history and
mass communica-
tion from Florida
State University in
1996 and a mas-
ter's degree in mass
communication
from UF in 1998.


Around

the College


Convocation Rescheduled for November 4
Weather Channel Meteorologist and UF Alum Stepha-
nie Abrams to Deliver Keynote Address
Due to Hurricane Jeanne, the Fall
Convocation, organized by CLAS, has
been rescheduled for Thursday, November
4 at 6 pm in the University Memorial
Auditorium. The college will recognize
outstanding students and faculty from
across the university.
The ceremony's keynote speaker is
Stephanie Abrams, a meteorologist with
The Weather Channel, who earned her
bachelor's degree in geography from UF in 1999. Abrams also earned a bachelor's
degree in meteorology from Florida State University and started working at The
Weather Channel in June 2003.
During the recent hurricane season, she has given live television reports
from Florida. Abrams also provides online video forecasts and weather informa-
tion for The Weather Channel Interactive. She delivers local forecasts for more
than 75 US cities as well as forecasts related to various activities and interests,
such as golf, health and gardening. Abrams is a member of the American Meteo-
rology Society and was president of the North Florida chapter of the AMS from


UF Ecologists Find Frozen North
May Accelerate Global Warming
An article about assistant professors Michelle Mack and Ted Schuur's research
findings appeared in the journal Nature on September 23. The two found that
ecosystems of the frozen north may act to accelerate global warming by releasing
carbon-a primary culprit in the atmospheric greenhouse effect-from the arctic
tundra.
The three to seven degree rise in temperature predicted by global climate
models could cause the breakdown of the arctic tundra's vast store of soil carbon,
releasing more of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide into the air than plants are
capable of taking in, says Mack. "Our results suggest that climate warming in the
arctic tundra may cause the release of much more carbon dioxide than previously
expected, which has the effect of further increasing global warming," Mack says.
"This type of positive feedback will make the Earth's climate change even more
rapidly."
The findings were collected in a 20-year experiment on the effects offer-
tilization on the arctic tundra at the Arctic Long-Term Ecological Research site
near Toolik Lake, Alaska. The National Science Foundation and NASA provided
funding for the research.
Mack and Schuur joined the botany department in 2002.


CLASnotes encourages letters to the editor. E-mail editor@clas.ufl.edu or send a letter
to CLASnotes, PO Box 117300, Gainesville FL 32611. CLASnotes reserves the right to
edit submissions for punctuation and length.


CLASnotes October 2004


page 6







DEPARTMENT NEWS
Anthropology
Anthony Oliver-Smith gave a presentation
titled "Social Science Disaster Research in
International Contexts: Disaster Mitigation
and Sustainable Development" to the Com-
mittee on Disaster Research of the National
Academies during August in Washington,
DC.

Classics
David C. Young gave a lecture at the Zappei-
on Press Center in Athens, Greece in August
at the invitation of the Greek Ministry of
Culture titled "The Modem Greek Origins of
the Modern Olympics." In May, he lectured
on "How Athens 1859 Led to Athens 111 '1
at a conference, Olympic Games: Past and
Present, held by the Center for International
Studies at Yale University.

Criminology. Law and Society
Paul Magnarella contributed a chapter titled
"The Consequences of the War Crimes Tri-
bunals and an International Criminal Court
for Human Rights in Transitioning Societies"
to the book Human Rights and Societies in
Transition.

Germanic and Slavic Studies
Hal H. Rennert (German) recently presented
a paper on "Morike-Reception, Renaissance
and Translation 1950-1959," at the Interna-
tional Eduard Mirike Convention in Lud-
wigsburg, Germany.

History
Jessica Harland-Jacobs has received the 2004
Walter D. Love Prize from the North Ameri-
can Conference on British Studies for her
article "All in the Family: Freemasonry and
the British Empire in the Mid-Nineteenth
Century" which appeared in the Journal of
British Studies. The prize is awarded annually
for the best article written on British history
by a North American scholar.

Linguistics
Diana Boxer was a Rockefeller Foundation
Fellow during July and August at the Bellagio
Study Center in Bellagio, Italy. The collabora-
tive research residency was with Russian lin-
guist Elena Gritsenko, and the two completed
a manuscript titled "What's in a (Sur)name?
Women, Marriage, Identity and Power Across
Cultures."

Political Science
Ken Wald, graduate student Kevin Fridy,
and Adam Silverman, who earned his PhD
in political science in 2002, were authors of a


paper that recently received a best paper award
from the American Political Science Associa-
tion (APSA), sponsored by the religion and
politics section. The paper, "Making Sense of
Religion in Political Life," was presented at the
organization's 2003 meeting.

Peggy Kohn's book Radical Space received
an honorable mention from the Best Book
Award Committee of the APSAs section on
European politics and society. It was published
by Comell University Press in 2003.

Graduate student Emilia Gioreva won the
Best Dissertation Fieldwork Award for her
research comparing local-level economic
development and democratization in Peru and
Bulgaria. The selection was made by the com-
parative democratization section of the APSA
Leslie Anderson chairs Gioreva's dissertation
committee.

Philosophy
David Copp's address, "Moral Naturalism
and Three Grades of Normativity," given to
the recent Ethic-Zentrum conference in Zur-
ich, has been published in Normativity and
Naturalism. His co-authored paper, "Morality
and Virtue," recently appeared in the premier
journal Ethics.

Robert D'Amico presented the paper
"Quine's Inscrutable Natives" at the 27th
annual IMISE Conference in Stra, Italy in
July. IMISE Conference is an annual event
bringing together social science, literature and
humanities faculty from Europe and the US.
He also presented "Spreading Disease: How
to Resolve a Dispute about the Reality of Dis-
ease" at a conference on philosophical issues
in the biomedical sciences in Birmingham,
Alabama in May.

Michael Jubien was the keynote speaker for
a special session on modality at the Pacific
conference of the American Philosophical
Association. His paper, "On Quine's Rejection
of Intensional Entities," appeared in a special
volume of Midwest Studies in Philosophy pub-
lished in August.

Greg Ray co-organized the Society of Exact
Philosophy's annual conference at the Uni-
versity of Maryland in May. The society is an
international organization dedicated to pro-
viding sustained discussion among researchers
who employ rigorous methods in the conduct
of philosophical investigation.

Psychology
Manfred Diehl was one of four American


scholars invited to present his work on self-
concept development at the fall academy of
the predoctoral program in "Neuropsychiatry
and Psychology of Aging" in Berlin, Germany
on September 15-17. He presented a col-
loquium titled "Self-Concept Organization
in Adulthood and Old Age: Implications for
Aging Well."

Romance Languages and Literatures
Alvaro F6lix Bolaiios (Spanish) presented
two papers, "El carnero Read Through
Hispanism" and "Hetergeneity and Canon
Formation in Latin America" at a recent Latin
American studies conference at The Johns
Hopkins University.

Daniele J. Buchler's (French) article, "Le
Cercle dystopique dans 'LIc6na dins l'iscla'
fable en occitan de Robert Lafont" has been
accepted for publication and will appear in
TENSO, the Bulletin of the Socidtd Guilhem
IX devoted to Occitan studies and published
at the University of Louisville in Kentucky.

Carol Murphy (French) presented the paper
"Black and White in Color: Jean Paulhan's
Essay on Jean Fautrier" at the annual meeting
of the UK Society for French Studies held at
Cambridge University in July. On September
12, she delivered a keynote speech, "Margue-
rite Duras: affect, &criture, lecture en mouve-
ment," at the Colloque Marguerite Duras at
the University of Newcastle Upon Tyne in
England. Her essay, "Re-presenting the real:
Jean Paulhan and Jean Fautrier," appeared in
the Fall 2004 issue of Yale French Studies.

Geraldine Nichols (Spanish) presented a
paper, "No pariran: Resisting Orders in Post-
war Spain," at a symposium held at Harvard
University in May, in honor of writer Robert
Spires.

Zoology
Colette St. Mary recently returned to UF
after spending five months teaching and
researching as a Fulbright professor at the
University of Helsinki in Finland. She had the
opportunity to collaborate with colleague Kai
Lindstrom, a former Fulbright Fellow who
visited her lab in 1999-2000, on a project
exploring the role of sexual selection in the
evolution of male parental care in the sand
goby, a type offish. She presented their work
at the International Society for Behavioral
Ecology meeting held in Jyvaskila, Finland
in July. She also gave a plenary lecture on the
topic at the European Ichthyological Society
meeting in Tallinn, Estonia in September.


Read CLASnotes online at http://clasnews.clas.ufl.edu


CLASnotes October 2004


page 9











Grants




Predicting the

Gifted Child

Though an estimated 3 million children in the United
States have been identified as intellectually "gifted,"
very little is known about them and their developmen-
tal needs. In an effort to better understand giftedness,
the American Psychological Foundation has awarded
Psychology Professor Keith Berg and graduate student
Joe McNamara a $75,000 grant to search for ways to
identify giftedness at an earlier age.
By testing children from ages five to seven, Berg
and McNamara hope to determine whether preschool-
ers and kindergartners with good executive functioning
skills-or the ability to plan, organize and strategize-
will later be tagged as gifted children in elementary
school.
"Executive functioning is one of the last cogni-
tive abilities to develop and one of the first to go as
we age," Berg says. "The earliest points we can see evi-
dence of it is age three, and you start seeing it decline
in the 50s. It's a very vulnerable kind of ability, but it
is a crucial ability for one to be able to do the most
complex tasks in life, and is fairly crucial in things that
aren't so complex."
A skill housed primarily in the frontal lobes of
the brain, executive functioning enables humans to
plan, sequence, initiate and sustain behavior towards a
goal, incorporating feedback and making adjustments
along the way. "You use your executive functioning,
for example, when you go to the grocery store," Berg
says. "You have your list of things you want but you
don't follow it in order. If the spaghetti sauce is the first
thing on your list, but you are standing in the bakery
section, you don't walk away from the bakery goods
and get the spaghetti sauce only to have to return to
bakery goods." Berg says executive functioning also
comes into play when drivers have to re-plan their trip
home at the end of the workday in an effort to avoid a


Psychology graduate student Joe McNamara observes his niece Victoria playing a Tower of Lon-
don game that tests executive functioning, a possible early predictor of giftedness.


traffic jam.
Disorders such as Tourette's syn-
drome, attention-deficit hyperactivity
disorder and obsessive-compulsive dis-
order have long been associated with
executive dysfunction, but until now
no research has been done attributing
advanced executive functioning skills
to the academically gifted. Funded by
an American Psychological Foundation
grant, a subsidiary of the American
Psychological Association, Berg and
McNamara are recruiting 100 children
from area daycares, schools and the
community to participate in a three-year
study. Participants will spend an hour
with researchers once a year to work on
puzzles that examine executive function-
ing, primarily the Tower of London
task, which requires participants to


move balls on pegs to match an example
pegboard in the minimum number of
steps.
"I don't think there is ever going
to be any one task that is going to have
a perfect correlation with giftedness
because it's far too complicated to expect
that to be true," Berg says. "But we will
have taken a big step if we can find one
that is a good predictor-if not a perfect
predictor-of giftedness early on."
Berg and McNamara are looking
for five-year-old volunteers for the study.
Testing takes less than an hour, and
participants get to play computer games
and take home stickers and prizes. To
sign your child up for the study, contact
Joe McNamara at jpm2@ufl.edu or
392-0601, extension 239.
-Buffy Lockette


Grants through the Division
of Sponsored Research


May-July 2004
Total: $19,793,524


Read the full grants listing at http://clasnews.clas.ufl.edu/news.shtml
in this month's issue of CLASnotes online.


CLASnotes October 2004


page 10












Bookbeat Recent publications from CLAS faculty

Hanging Chads: The Inside Story of the 2000 Presidential Recount in Florida


The Democratic and Republican parties that
bitterly fought over the 2000 presidential
election outcome in Florida are gearing up
for a similar confrontation again in Novem-
ber, according to UF History Professor Julian
Pleasants who is the author of a new book on
the subject.
"It's difficult to imagine that we would
go through a similar experience four years
later, but I can assure you that both sides are
prepared for that," says Pleasants, director of
the Proctor Oral History Program who wrote
Hanging Chads: The Inside Story of the 2000
Presidential Recount in Florida published in
September. "They already have their legal
teams in place and briefs prepared. If, for
example, voting machines break down in
Palm Beach County, they are ready to argue
that citizens were denied the right to vote."
Although the elimination of punch-card
machines will prevent any controversy this
time over dimpled and hanging chads-
incompletely punched holes in ballots largely
responsible for Florida's November 2000
presidential recount-the absence of paper
records with the new touch-screen voting
machines in some Florida counties raises the
possibility of a different set of problems.
"Advocates of touch screens claim they
are accurate and you don't need a paper trail,
but all of us who have worked with comput-
ers know that computers malfunction," Pleas-
ants says.
For the book, Pleasants interviewed
42 key players in the election recount in an
attempt to understand their decision-making
processes in what he describes as "the most
controversial, tumultuous, and in many ways,
significant presidential election in American


history." Among his interviewees were a state
Supreme Court justice, election supervisors,
and judges and lawyers, including the heads
of both legal teams, Dexter Douglass for
Democratic candidate Al Gore and Barry
Richard for Republican President George W
Bush.
A significant majority of these players
agreed the Republicans won the recount
because they were better organized, had
more money and fought more vigorously.
The interviews revealed that Gore, to his
disadvantage, made many of his own legal
decisions, rather than relying on his Florida
attorneys, while Bush did not exert any influ-
ence.
In his interview, Richard said the Bush
team gave him complete authority to plan
and carry out the legal strategy. Richard indi-
cated he talked on the phone with Bush only
twice during the 36-day period that elapsed
between the election and the US Supreme
Court decision awarding Bush the election.
Those conversations were to congratulate
Richard or acquire additional information,
and Bush never offered any legal advice.
"The Bush campaign hired the lawyers
and let them do their job on the assumption
that Florida lawyers knew more about elec-
tion law than they did," Pleasants says. "Gore
micromanaged the process, and in doing
that, went against the advice of his Florida
lawyers. Had he listened to them, the argu-
ment is that he might have won."
The most critical piece of advice Gore
ignored was initially limiting his recount
request to four counties, Pleasants says. Judg-
es and lawyers from both sides agreed if Gore
had called a statewide recount at the begin-


Readings in World Christian History Volume I: Earli-
est Christianity to 1453, John Coakley and Andrea Sterk
(History), Orbis Books
This companion to History of the World Christian Movement
explores how varied and multi-cultural Christian origins and
history really are. Through the advice of many scholars of
Christian origins the selections here include texts that show
students how Christianity developed and was lived in Asia,
Africa and the Mediterranean. These texts show Christian
life beyond the confines of Byzantine and Western Chris-
tendom as Christians enter the Mongol and Chinese courts,
struggle to cope with Islam, and continue to live in places
such as Ethiopia and Egypt. Designed for the classroom, this book highlights the variety
of Christianities that grew out of the Palestinian Jesus Movement of the first century.
-Publisher
CLASnotes October 2004


ning of the 36- J ULIAN M.PLEASANTS '
day period, there
would have been
sufficient time to
finish it.
Pleasants
says the inter- -
views confirmed
what he has
read in numer-
ous books: It
will probably
never be known
who won the
election. "The one thing I think we can
say-and some of the Republicans I inter-
viewed agreed with this-is that more people
intended to vote for Al Gore in Florida than
intended to vote for George W Bush."
The only two people who refused Pleas-
ants' requests for interviews for the book were
Al Cardenas, chairman of the state Repub-
lican Party, and former Florida Secretary of
State Katherine Harris, who certified the
2000 presidential vote and was later elected
to Congress. Pleasants did interview her
political adviser, Mac Stipanovich, and others
who worked for her during the election.
Some of the recollections Pleasants
describes in the book are humorous, even
bizarre, reflecting the extraordinary nature of
an event in which legal decisions that nor-
mally take months were done in days, and in
front of a media circus with the whole world
watching.
For example, Craig Waters, the Florida
Supreme Court's public information officer,
told of a collection of "run-of-the mill kooks"
showing up at the courthouse, including a
woman whose pet skunk performed back
flips, and a group of people dressed in alu-
minum foil with satellite dishes strapped
to their backs who were trying to channel
energy toward the court.
George McGovern, a former US senator
and 1972 Democratic presidential candi-
date, said he has read the book and strongly
recommends it. "This is the most carefully
researched and valuable book yet written on
the Florida election of 2000," he says. "It is a
must-read book on a vital and controversial
chapter of our political history."
-Cathy Keen,
UF News and Public Affairs


page 11








Conserving


the Amazon

Environmental Sciences Receive
$2.4 Million for Wetlands Research


The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
has awarded UF ecologist Michael Gould-
ing and geographer Nigel Smith a $2.4
million grant to fund a science-based con-
servation project in the Amazon wetlands.
The unsolicited grant is the first given to
UF from the four-year-old foundation
established by the co-creator of the Intel
Corporation, Gordon Moore, and his wife
Betty.
"The Amazon has had a lot of atten-
tion in the media in the last 20-30 years,
mainly focusing on deforestation, building
of highways, and opening up the Amazon
for development and settlement," says
Smith, a professor of geography and co-
investigator on the grant. "Since at least a
sixth of all freshwater flowing off the face
of the Earth comes out of the mouth of
the Amazon, what we are trying to do is
shift some of the focus to transnational
changes that are underway in the river
areas, from the Andes to the Atlantic."
Smith and Goulding will collaborate



UNIVERSITY OF

FLORIDA
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
News and Publications
2008 Turlington Hall
PO Box 117300
Gainesville FL 32611-7300
editor@clas.ufl.edu
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~cr S
rt'c ttl
I


with Brazilian and Peruvian researchers
to stimulate international and interstate
treaties, agreements and legislation that
will promote the conservation of aquatic
biodiversity in the region and the river
basin ecosystem on which it depends.
Government agencies, non-profit organiza-
tions, development banks and educational
institutions will use the research findings
to promote better conservation strategies
in the Amazon.
The grant will be used to fund
fieldwork on the ecology of Amazon fish
migrations as a means to focus attention
on aquatic ecosystem functions. Major
fieldwork also will be completed on the
ecology of human impacts in Andes-Ama-
zon headwaters. Finally, an educational
book series on the ecology and geography
of Amazon wetlands and their resources
will be written by an international team of Caught in a thunderstorm, a young boy on Maraj6 Island returns
home from gathering bacuripari fruits in a floodplain forest at the
scientists. mouth of the Amazon. During the rainy season, the only way to
-Buffy Lockette get around estuarine islands is by canoe. Geography Professor Nigel
Smith captured this image on a research trip to the region in 2000.