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The Dean's musings
Around the college
The University of Florida
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
In this Issue:
Investing in the Future ................ 3
Barbara Noreen Roth.....................
Women In Science Retreat ........... 6
Celebrating 25 Years
of Women's Studies ..................... 6
Enriching Botany's Garden ........... 7
Around the College ....................... 8
Wasting Away .............................. 10
and Anthropology ....................... 11
Humanitarian Award ................... 12
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
News and Publications
2008 Turlington Hall
PO Box 117300
Gainesville FL 32611-7300
CLASnotes is published monthly by the College of
Liberal Arts and Sciences to inform faculty, staff and
students of current research and events.
Allyson A. Beutke
Additional Photography and Illustrations:
Courtesy Terry Mills: p. 3
Courtesy Elizabeth Guillette: p. 5
Courtesy Marta Wayne: p. 6
Jeff Gage: p. 7
Courtesy Department of Philosophy: p. 9
Courtesy Department of Chemistry: p. 10
k Printed on
Children and Families:
Few areas will have greater impact on the future of our citizens,
the university and the state than our study and understanding
of the issues facing children and families. The growth rate of
Florida's population, its unusual needs resulting from the com-
bination of the young and the old, and our fragile economy
place a sense of urgency on researching solutions to the chal-
lenges confronting families in Florida today. Many of the issues
that Florida faces are common to other rapidly developing
populations in the US and abroad. In-depth research at UF
on children and families could easily have an impact at state,
national and international levels.
Recognizing the important place research on children and
families has in our state, we have been looking at ways to pro-
vide better institutional support for sharing knowledge among
scholars and professionals in various disciplines and colleges.
CLAS faculty members and graduate students are collaborating
with researchers in other colleges on a variety of research stud-
ies related to children and families. They are exploring issues
and proposing solutions to the many problems facing families
in our state, such as the sharp reduction of traditional parent-
ing, the geographic mobility of the population, the increase in
teenage and domestic violence and the rising gap between the
rich and the poor. These challenges are alarming. And despite
efforts to reverse the recent trends, more must be done. Under-
standing the origins of the socio-economic and socio-cultural
factors that are responsible for these problems is the central
goal of the proposed UF Institute on Children and Families.
The general public is very much aware of these issues
because they can affect all of us in some way. As a public insti-
tution, the community and the state look to UF to provide
the necessary leadership in identifying the factors affecting the
welfare of our children and in offering long-term solutions. By
developing the Institute on Children and Families, CLAS and
UF can encourage more interdisciplinary work, expand curri-
cula, forge strategic partnerships and monitor the needs of the
state's most delicate population.
sullivan@phys. ufl. edu
On the Cover:
Five-year-old Kira Carusone and her three-year-old brother Alex. Their dad, Joe Carusone,
is a computer systems programmer in the chemistry department.
CLASnotes March 2002
Investing in the
More than 3.5 million children live in
Florida, according to the 2000 US Cen-
sus, yet on many indicators of child well-
being, Florida ranks in the bottom half
of all states. On some indicators, such as
the percentage of children living in pov-
erty, the number of teenage pregnancies
and the juvenile crime rate, Florida has
made the "worst ten" list.
"There are many problems facing Florida's chil-
dren and families, and it's a growing concern for every-
one," UF Provost David Colburn says. "Much empha-
sis has been placed on the older population in our
state, and while this segment is important, we need to
solve the problems related to children, especially since
they are our future."
Last year Colburn, who directs UF's Askew Insti-
tute on Politics and Society, sponsored a statewide
symposium that focused on the challenges facing
Florida's children. The meeting energized the state's key
policy makers to work together and set an agenda for
research, community education, advocacy and social
services pertaining to children. After the meeting, Col-
burn spoke to CLAS Dean Neil Sullivan about assem-
bling a group of faculty to discuss interest in establish-
ing an institute on children and families at UE
Sociology Professor Connie Shehan, who is also
the director of the University Center for Excellence in
Teaching, chairs this task force and says an institute
would efficiently utilize UF's resources. "Since there is
no campus-wide directory of faculty who are involved
in research and teaching about children and families,
scholars often work in isolation with little or no aware-
ness of other related efforts. There is no mechanism for
regular communication among these professionals, nor
is there any effective way for those outside the univer-
sity to tap into the large and multi-faceted research of
Shehan says many of the nation's largest and most
prestigious universities have multidisciplinary institutes
devoted to the study of children and families. "The
task force has looked at what is arguably the most
successful institute in the country at the University of
Minnesota. It has set a standard for others, in that it
not only has widespread participation among academic
researchers and educators from many colleges on its
own campuses, it has also built a very strong partnership with the business commu-
nity and the state government, including the public schools."
Many private foundations are stepping forward to help universities establish
institutes related to children and family studies. Shehan recently attended a confer-
ence on families that was co-sponsored by the Alfred P Sloan Foundation. "One
of the remarkable initiatives the Sloan Foundation has undertaken in recent years
is funding a number of institutes or centers for the study of families at universities
such as Berkeley, UCLA, Cornell and Michigan," she says. "We believe that UF
is well-positioned to join these prestigious academic institutions as leaders in the
understanding of family life."
There are more than 200 faculty members at UF, representing at least 11 col-
leges, who are actively engaged in research that seeks to understand and address the
needs of children and families. "The research is so diverse, not only at the university
level, but right here in CLAS," Shehan says. "So many faculty members are already
investigating issues that have implications for the children and families of Florida
and elsewhere, and these efforts could be magnified in scope and public visibility if
they are linked through a central unit on campus."
We recently talked with CLAS researchers leading a variety of research initia-
tives to see what sorts of projects would constitute the new Institute on Children
Grandparents and Grandchildren
Sociologist Terry Mills, another member of the children and families task force,
focuses his research on relationships between grandparents and grandchildren. The
2000 US Census reported that roughly 5.5 million children under the age of 18 are
being raised in households headed by grandparents. More than 1 million of these
children live in households where neither biological parent is present. Mills says this
social phenomenon has touched virtually every segment of society. "Among all the
grandchildren being raised by their grandparents, 12% are African American, 4%
see Future on page 4
Sociologist Terry Mills with his grandchildren, 18-month-old Kielle (left) and 5-year-old Lala
(right). Mills' research examines the relationships between grandparents and grandchildren.
CLASnotes March 2002
Barbara Noreen Roth
Barbara Roth, an adjunct political
science professor, died at her home
in Gainesville on January 24. In addi-
tion to teaching classes in the politi-
cal science department, she was also
a research analyst for the Center for
Humanities and Social Sciences at UF
and conducted research on children
Roth, who had worked as a social
worker for many years, decided to
return to graduate school at UF in
1993. Her dissertation thesis, which
she successfully defended last sum-
mer, looked at the role fathers play in
the welfare system. Using statewide
computer records, Roth studied fac-
tors affecting the case outcomes of
more than 700 families in eight Florida
counties that received welfare assis-
tance. "The woman who has children
by more than one man has become a
pariah in society," she said. "Yet this
study found that men who have more
children by multiple partners and
remain absent from the home are a
key factor in reducing the chances of a
family getting off welfare."
Throughout Roth's coursework,
Political Science Professor Jim Button
served as her advisor. At the memorial
service held for her January 31, Button
spoke about Roth's sense of humor,
compassion and understanding of peo-
ple, saying he often felt that he learned
more from her than she from him.
"She was a unique student, dedicated
to understanding-and to helping oth-
ers understand-the complexities of
life facing the disadvantaged. She had
a spirit that brought life and love into
the lives of her friends, professors, stu-
dents and to everyone she touched."
The political science department
has established the Dr. Barbara Noreen
Roth Award and plans to present it to
a political science student.
Donations may be sent to Depart-
ment of Political Science, PO Box
117325, Gainesville, FL 32611. Please
make checks payable to the UFF
Fund #1039, and write "Barbara Roth
Award" on the check.
Future continued from page 3
are white and 6% are Hispanic. Some of the explanations for this emerging 'kinship structure'
include parental drug abuse, incarceration, child abuse, parental divorce, abandonment, and
physical and mental health problems."
Mills has explored how the traditional grandparent role is being transformed. "This is an
important issue given the significant role that grandparents play in the lives of their grandchil-
dren," Mills says. "Many grandparents are considered to be the transmitters of family history
and values, providing their grandchildren with a sense of'who they are.' However, although
more grandparents have assumed responsibility for raising their grandchildren, they have virtu-
ally no legal standing. Furthermore, many of these care-giving grandparents experience tremen-
dous burdens and stress as a consequence of having to re-enter the parenting role. Some even
maintain a sense of guilt that they themselves were failures as parents, since their own children
are unable to provide care for the child."
Mills has authored several articles about his research that have appeared in a special edition
of the Journal ofFamily Issues titled "Grandparent-Grandchild Relationships in the New Mil-
lennium." He also co-authored a study of the portrayal of grandparents in children's literature,
and Time Magazine' December 31, 2001 issue mentioned his work.
Family Conflict Resolution
Several CLAS researchers have already joined forces with other university and community
researchers, with the support of a Department of Education (DOE) grant. Principal investiga-
tor Scott Miller (psychology) along with co-principal investigators Mark Fondacaro (criminol-
ogy/psychology) and Jen Woolard (c in in. .-,..._, 'p, ,--,..1.._-, are collaborating with researchers
from the colleges of Health Professions and Education and the Alachua County Public Schools.
The group is looking at how lessons learned in the context of family conflict resolution,
both positive and negative,-are linked to how middle school students perceive and attempt to
resolve conflicts with peers and teachers at school.
Fondacaro says the DOE grant will help him extend the work he has already done on fam-
ily-conflict resolution.-"We know that adolescents learn a great deal about how to manage and
resolve interpersonal conflicts through interactions with their parents. Youngsters who report
that their parents treat them with personal dignity and respect (regardless of the outcome of a
particular family dispute) are less likely to engage in aggressive behavior outside the family con-
text than those who don't feel respected. One important objective of this work will be to obtain
new knowledge that can be used to help develop more comprehensive conflict resolution inter-
ventions aimed at youth violence prevention and the promotion of social competence."
Miller says the project, while focused on questions of school violence and safety, is intend-
ed to be broad in scope. "We plan to tap into a variety of issues and concerns in the lives of
today's middle-school students. We hope that it will provide information about this age group
that has not been available in previous large-scale survey projects."
The group plans to use data collected from schools districts in Florida, California, New
Jersey and Texas. Woolard says they have already conducted some initial student surveys at
schools in Alachua County. "We've asked questions relating to the atmosphere of school, the
experiences the students have had with violent behavior, their attitudes and beliefs about aggres-
sion and resolving conflict, racial and ethnic identity, and the kind of relationships they have
with their parents, peers and teachers."
Fondacaro says the opportunity to collaborate with other professionals in the health and
education fields has allowed members of the research team to advance the pace and quality of
the research at levels that would not be possible if pursued independently. "This is exactly the
kind of synergy that is likely to result from the college's efforts to establish an Institute for Chil-
dren and Families.-In my view, leadership and resources are likely to drive the ongoing scope
and pace of the Institute's success."
Research on children and families extends well beyond Florida and the US. Elizabeth Guillette,
an adjunct professor of nrl..i.p..1.._;,, has spent six years examining the effects of pesticides on
children in Mexico. "When Mexico's Yaqui Indians split into two different agricultural camps
in the 1950s, their children became an unusually perfect test group for the effects ofpesti-
CLASnotes March 2002
cide exposure," Guillette says. "Some
embraced the new methods and formed
towns in the valley. Others preferred
the customary ranching and agricultural
methods and congregated in a separate
town in the valley foothills."
In a recent article in the journal
Alternatives, Guillette explains how
the two groups are similar in genetic
make-up, diet and technological skills.
However, the group living in the val-
ley has used insecticides, herbicides and
other agricultural chemicals. The foothill
population has rejected the use of these
chemicals. In order to determine the pos-
sible impact of pesticide exposure, Guil-
lette asked children from the two groups,
ages four and five, to perform a series
of play activities representative of their
developmental skills. "The differences
this revealed were significant," Guillette
says. "The valley children exhibited more
neuromuscular and mental deficits than
the foothill children. They were less pro-
ficient at catching a ball, reflecting poor
eye-hand coordination. Stamina levels,
measured by jumping contests, were also
lower." Drawings made by the children
illustrate their development differences
(see picture below).
Guillette evaluated the same chil-
dren two years later, and the group
exposed to pesticides was still behind
and also faced more health problems.
"The exposed children exhibited symp-
toms of illness at a rate three to four
times that of the others. Of special con-
cern was the high rate of upper respira-
tory infection, suggesting a suppressed
immune system and other symptoms
such as allergy and rash."
Guillette plans to conduct addi-
tional research in India and Puerto Rico
on the relationship between reproduc-
tive problems in women and exposure
It may seem that the majority of
research related to children and families
explores problematic issues. Sociology
graduate student Kristin Joos is trying to
change that. "The vast majority of the
more than 88 million youth who com-
prise more than one quarter of America's
population are not 'delinquent.' Often,
the existing literature approaches ado-
lescence as a difficult life stage and casts
teenagers as potential problems," Joos
Joos received a 2002 McLaugh-
lin Dissertation Fellowship through
CLAS for this research. She decided
to examine the attitudes of teenagers
from advantaged backgrounds, seeking
to understand how these future leaders
perceive themselves and their communi-
ties. "My goal is to look at the 'typical'
teenager since typical is a term that has
many assumptions behind it. Part of
my research is to question some of these
notions of what it means to be an 'aver-
age' or 'normal' teenager."
Joos began with an analysis of the
1999 Monitoring the Future surveys
of 60,000 high school students. In its
25th year, Monitoring the Future is an
annual survey of a representative sample
of high-school seniors in the US. It
explores changes in values, behaviors
and lifestyles of contemporary American
youth. Joos is focusing on the students'
responses to the questions regarding the
"importance of being a success" versus
the "importance of making a contribu-
tion to society." Her preliminary results
indicate that a vast majority of youth,
around 90%, consider being a success
Foothills Valley .
54 months 55 months 53 months 54 months
Drawings of people by Yaqui children from the foothills (less exposure to pesti-
cides) and the valley (most exposure to pesticides) of Sonora, Mexico.
very or extremely important," but only one third
of students rate "making a contribution to society"
as "very or extremely important." Interestingly, these
trends seem to have flip-flopped since the 1960s, when
a majority of youth considered it more important to
make a contribution to society.
Since this concept of "success" was apparently
so overwhelmingly important to young people, Joos
began to wonder how they defined success and why it
seemed so significant in their lives. "I interviewed 90
high school students and asked them to define success
and to discuss how being a success was (or was not)
important in their own lives."
She has not analyzed all of the data yet, but so
far Joos has found that many of the teenagers she
interviewed define success not merely in terms of their
financial or career goals, but also in terms of making a
contribution to society. Joos says, "The most common
response I have found is that being a success is being
Joss recently received Institutional Review Board
approval to ask the students follow-up questions about
how the events of September 11 have possibly changed
their thoughts about success and making a contribu-
tion to society. She plans to finish her dissertation this
solving the problems related to children and families
cannot be done overnight, but Colburn says that
because many UF researchers are already studying
these concerns, the university would make an ideal
home for the Institute on Children and Families.
"Other states look at Florida as a model to see how we
address and solve our problems because we have such a
diverse population," Colburn says. "UF should be the
lead institution on this initiative because we have many
talented faculty who study problems and situations,
analyze the data and then make recommendations for
Shehan says by combining UF's unparalleled
strengths in the health sciences, law, education and the
social and behavioral sciences, the university can build
a team of scholars who will be able to approach these
complex problems from multiple perspectives. "Flori-
da's status as the most populated state in the Southeast
and its position as a gateway to Latin America and the
Caribbean is so relevant here. Many of the problems
that confront Florida's children and families involve
migration into the state from other states and nations,"
she says. "UF's status as the flagship university in the
largest state of this region demands that we step for-
ward to take a leadership role in understanding and
addressing the socio-economic issues facing children
-Allyson A. Beutke
CLASnotes March 2002
Women in Science Retreat
January 12 was a milestone for CLAS women in the
sciences. A committee of graduate students and fac-
ulty, with representation from the Center for Women's
Studies and Gender Research (CWSGR), organized
a retreat for CLAS graduate women in the sciences at
the Austin Cary Memorial Forest Conference Center.
The goal of the retreat was to improve the climate for
graduate women in the sciences in CLAS by building
community and acknowledging and exploring some of
the unique challenges facing women in the sciences.
The botany, chemistry, geology, physics and zool-
ogy departments, along with the Quantum Theory
Project and the CLAS dean's office, participated by
sending students and helping sponsor the retreat.
The format was a combination of formal pre-
sentations, breakout groups and discussion. After a
welcome by CWSGR Director Angel Kwolek-Folland
and Chemistry Professor and CLAS Associate Dean
Lisa McElwee-White, zoology graduate student Laura
Sirot led a forum on communication between gradu-
ate students and advisors. Topics that sparked the most
discussion included authorship, changing thesis advi-
sors and responses to unprofessional behavior.
Mary Wyer, an assistant professor in the Women's
and Gender Studies Program in the multidisciplinary
studies department at North Carolina State University,
also led a session. Wyer is a specialist on issues related
to women in science and has been awarded several
NSF grants to research the topic. She directed an
exercise called "Rules of the Master Culture," where
students and faculty described their perceptions of the
unwritten expectations of themselves and each other
as scientists. Examples included the perceptions that
graduate students should be in the lab at the same time
as their advisors ("face time") and that they should
not have a life outside the lab. Wyer also described the
outcome of a similar exercise at Duke University and
noted the continuities between our climate and theirs.
Zoology professors Jane Brockmann and Marta
Wayne led a session about the myths and realities of
being a woman in science. They highlighted progress
made in the last 50 years, but they also documented the ongoing lack of equity in
salary and appointments to higher ranks such as full professors and department
chairs. The groups discussed possible explanations for these phenomena, such as
lower publishing rates, and suggested such solutions as changing the standard for
determining merit of publications from the simple counting of articles to more
qualitative approaches. Among the suggested standards were ranking journals within
specific fields, comprehensiveness of work presented and paradigm shifts resulting
from the publications.
Also discussed was the importance of balancing professional and personal lives
to avoid burnout and future steps that women in the sciences might take. Dur-
ing the discussion, it became clear that institutional support was needed in order
to achieve the ultimate goal of an improved climate for women graduate students
in the sciences. The group suggested that the college dedicate a graduate student
to coordinate activities related to women-in-science issues. They also proposed a
university-wide committee on women in science or placing a permanent science
member on a committee monitoring the status of women at UE Immediate actions
include facilitating mentoring networks between faculty and graduate students
in CLAS science departments, exploring an NSF ADVANCE funding program
designed to promote institutional change for women in the sciences and offering a
graduate seminar on feminist science studies next fall through CWSGR.
Jenny Lybeck-Brown, a graduate student with the UF Counseling Center, con-
ducted an assessment of the retreat. Her exit survey showed high enthusiasm and an
eagerness to attend future gatherings among the participants, who gave the retreat an
overall rating of excellent. Several participants also commented that they had learned
some new practical guidelines and valuable information on mentor-student relation-
ships. More than 80 percent of the participants want to be involved in future activi-
-Marta Wayne, Professor of Zoology
Participants in the Women in Science Retreat
Celebrating 25 Years of
Women's Studies and
Gender Research at the
University of Florida
October 24-26, 2002
The Center for Women's Studies and Gender
Research will mark its 25th anniversary with a
research symposium this fall featuring the knowl-
edge (both theoretical and community-based)
created by UF faculty, students and community
members. This symposium is intended to be a
place where researchers, community members,
teachers, performers, students, administrators
and activists can examine the variety of ways in
which we develop and cultivate knowledge about
women and gender. The three-day event will focus
on three aspects of women's studies and gender
knowledge(s): reclaiming knowledge, creating
knowledge and action knowledge. Networking
sessions for women's studies and gender researchers
are planned as well as community-organized con-
versations. In conjunction with the symposium,
the Phillips Center for the Performing Arts and
the University Gallery will host performances and
art exhibits. Everyone is encouraged to participate,
whether by creating a panel or workshop about
research, organizing a meeting of community
organizations, developing a performance or just by
attending the numerous events. Visit www.wst.ufl.
edu/cultivatingknowledges/ck.html for more infor-
mation. -Angel Kwolek-Folland
CLASnotes March 2002
A part of the National Science Foundation-funded
SFloral Genome Project (FGP), a couple of
recent additions to UF are working to pinpoint the
origins of flowers.
And this couple really is a couple. Husband-and-
wife team Doug and Pam Soltis now bring their repu-
tations as top researchers to UF's botany department
and the Florida Museum of Natural History.
Florida Museum of Natural History Curator Pam
Soltis says there are now more opportunities for their
kind of work than ever before. "The types of tools
being developed for the study of the human genome
are becoming more and more available for other fields,"
she says. "You can start asking, and perhaps answering,
questions that a few years ago weren't even possible to
Botany Professor Doug Soltis says coming to UF
was another great opportunity "With the FGP, we'd
like to be the first to sequence the entire genome of a
flowering plant, so we'd have a better idea of how the
entire genome emerged and evolved," he says. "And we
think we can do that sort of thing at UE We wouldn't
have been able to do it at Washington State University,
where we were before."
Botany Chair George Bowes says the FGP may
study the earliest flowers, but its results can have a
significant impact on the world of today. "This project
is looking at the architecture of flowers from 100 mil-
lion years ago to determine what genes are responsible
for flower production in plants," he says. "This is quite
important, because flower production is involved with
the production of seeds, which touches on the major
food sources for the entire planet."
Doug Soltis says the FGP will also look at relatives
of flowering plants. "Hopefully we can put together a
whole picture for how the flower evolved and diverged.
This is important because if you know what controls
flower production you can make a plant flower later, or
Flowering plants gain allies
Doug and Pam Soltis
you can make its stamens produce more pollen. These
are things that can be important for crop improve-
ment," he says.
The couple is involved in other projects at UF and
will co-teach classes in molecular systematics through
the botany department this fall. "In molecular system-
atics, we use DNA sequences to try and unravel the
family tree of plants. It's the same type of data that is
used in the FGP, but what we're trying to do is figure
out how different species are related to each other,"
Pam Soltis says.
Another project they are involved with is called
Deep Time. "We're trying to integrate fossils into this
tree of relationships that we have for living flowering
plants," Doug Soltis says. "We're trying to determine
where fossils fit in, and what kind of computational
advances we need to make better placements of fossils."
Pam Soltis adds that they are also involved in
plant conservation. "Northern Florida has one of the
highest rates of endemic species anywhere in North
America. We've got a lot of rare species, and most of
them are being threatened by housing developments,"
she says, agreeing that disappearing plants are often
overlooked by even the conservation-minded. "We
looked at one rare plant that was really ugly. It's not
like a panther or a dolphin that's going to get a lot of
Bowes says UF was fortunate to convince the
couple to bring all of this work here. "Their hiring
makes us one of, if not the, foremost plant systematics
programs in the country," he says. "They have already
proved to be fantastic additions to the department, and
they're really nice folks as well."
Doug and Pam Soltis will be giving the presenta-
tion "Floral Genomics: Addressing Darwin's Abomi-
nable Mystery" at the CLAS College Forum Tuesday,
March 12 at 3 pm in the Keene Faculty Center.
CLASnotes March 2002
Letters to the Editor
I have long admired your publication, and now
having it on the Web is a particular treat.
Reading the recent Web edition, a thought came
to me, and hence, I have a suggestion. It may be
a good idea to have a permanent page that offers
Web links for the various CLAS departments. A
number of departments, including history, have a
"News & Events" link which some of your read-
ers, I believe, might find useful. Why not make it
easier for everyone?
Please consider the idea, and let me know your
Thanks for writing. We have added a link on our
publications page at http://clasnews.clas.ufl.edu/
news.shtml called "Other Online Publications."
Clicking the link will take you to a list of depart-
ments, centers and programs in the college that
have online publications. We've included every
publication we know about, but not all depart-
ments have online newsletters or news pages.
We'll add more as we find out about them.
I thought the tobacco article in February's issue
of CLASnoteswas great! I was wondering if you
interviewed each person separately or all togeth-
er? Anyway, nicely done; interesting picture too.
Program Assistant, Women's Studies
We're glad you enjoyed the article. The anthropol-
ogy undergraduate students, graduate students
and professor were all interviewed together. In
addition to posing questions to the group, each of
them were asked individual questions about their
part of the overall project.
The anthropology students interviewed some of
the teenagers in groups, and others were inter-
viewed alone. There were usually two anthropol-
ogy students conducting the interviews.
CLASnotes encourages letters to the editor. E-mail
email@example.com or send a letter to CLASnotes,
PO Box 117300, Gainesville FL 32611. CLASnotes
reserves the right to edit submissions for punctua-
tion and length.
A New Look
You may have noticed a few modifications in the format of CLASnotes this
month. In addition to these changes, CLAS Publications also has a new Web
site. Visit http://clasnews.clas.ufl.edu to read CLASnotes and Alumni CLAS-
notes online and learn about the publications services we offer. Our Web site
also features press releases about college news and events as well as a com-
prehensive set of links to other online publications from CLAS departments,
centers and programs.
Mark Your Calendars
Upcoming International Relations Conference
The Department of Political Science is holding the conference "Knowledge and
Power in the Discipline of International Relations" on March 22-23. It will
explore the history of international relations and the relationship between social
scientists and the US government.
Members of UF's political science department, along with national and
international researchers, will present and discuss papers. All sessions will be held
in 216 Anderson Hall. For more information, contact Ido Oren at 392-0262,
ext. 252 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
McGovern to Speak at History Lecture Series
Former US Senator and presidential candidate George McGovern will speak on
Tuesday, March 26 at 7:30 pm in the New Physics Building, room 1001. His
talk is part of the annual Gus Burns Memorial Lecture Series sponsored by the
history department. For more information, contact Julian Pleasants at
email@example.com or 392-6584.
Need a job?
Opportunities Fair, a new career fair hosted by the Career Resource Center
(CRC), is a special recruiting occasion for non-profit, government and local
organizations to connect with UF students and alumni. This fair will be held on
April 10 from 9 am-3 pm in the J. Wayne Reitz Union Ballroom. It is open to
all students and alumni seeking full-time, internship and cooperative education
positions. Workshops for CLAS majors include Careers in Government on April
2 and Careers in the Non-Profit Industry on April 4. They will be held in the
CRC Workshop Room at 4:05 pm. Visit www.crc.ufl.edu for more information,
or stop by the CRC on the 1st floor of the Reitz Union.
The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences will hold Spring 2002 Commencement
on Friday, May 3 at 6 pm in the O'Connell Center. Since CLAS will have its
own graduation ceremony, the annual Baccalaureate ceremony honoring spring
graduates will not take place. For more information, please contact Carol Binello
in the dean's office at 392-0780.
CLASnotes March 2002
Teach for America
Teach for America, a national organization that places
outstanding recent college graduates in urban and rural
public schools to teach for two years, has selected seven
UF students for its program.
Among the seven are five CLAS students: Lauren
Chianese (history), Jeremy Kaplan (microbiology
and cell science), Joseph Serra (mathematics), Lana
Swartz (English) and Sarah Vidal (English).
"This is a rigorous and highly selective process. As
a result, we are certain this group of outstanding stu-
dents will make a significant difference in the schools
in which they are placed," says Aisha Blanchard, Teach
for America's southern recruitment director.
The recent grads will join the more than 1,600
others who are already teaching at one of 16 sites
around the country.
CLAS Teacher of the Year Awards
CLAS had nine college-level teaching award winners
for 2001-2002. The awards recognize excellence, inno-
vation and effectiveness in either teaching or advising.
Nominations were collected from students, faculty,
department chairs and administrators. The winners
were then selected based on an evaluation of their
Ronald H. Carpenter, English
Marsha Bryant, English
Peter Waylen, Geography
Steven Noll, History
Pham Huu Tiep, Mathematics
Alexandre Turull, Mathematics
Lise Abrams, Psychology
Terry L. Mills, Sociology
Marta L. Wayne, Zoology
Waylen and Carpenter have been nominated for the
university-wide Teacher of the Year Awards, which will
be announced in April.
CLAS students Heidi Dunlap (anthropology),
Elwaleed Mousa (political science), Anna Pagano
(Latin American studies), Dean Swinford (English)
and Adam Reitzel (zoology) have been nominated for
International Fulbright Awards. The awards, which
fund research and study abroad for up to one year,
become official after approval from the specified host
countries. UF had a record number of nominees this
year, with 14 out of 26 applications accepted.
Germanic and Slavic Studies
Keith Bullivant recently lectured to senior students of German at the Univer-
sity of Mainz about ethnological elements in the work of German author Uwe
Timm. He also gave a public lecture titled "Apocalypse Now: The Nuclear Holo-
caust and German Literature of the 1980s."
A one-day conference was held February 9 in honor of Mathematics and Physics
Professor John Klauder, who recently celebrated his 70th birthday. Klauder came
to UF in 1988 and is best known for fundamental contributions to several areas,
including quantum theory, chaotic dynamics, coherent states and path integrals.
International scholars spoke at the conference about Klauder's influence on their
On February 13, Emeritus Professor Heini Halberstam from the University
of Illinois, Urbana gave a Special Mathematics Colloquium on the Riemann
Hypothesis, which is one of the most celebrated unsolved problems in math-
ematics. The fame of the Riemann Hypothesis arises from the fact that it has
far-reaching consequences in many areas and has eluded the grasp of many gifted
minds who have attempted to solve it. In the recent movie A Beautiful Mind,
there is a reference to the main character, John Nash, having made attempts to
solve it. The Clay Mathematics Institute has offered $1 million to anyone who
can solve the problem.
Halberstam is the author of numerous fundamental papers and two books.
In his lecture, he described major phases of development in number theory that
have resulted from attempts to solve the Riemann Hypothesis and also presented
evidence for and against the problem.
Richard Marvin Hare, 1919-2002
Graduate Research Professor Emeritus of Philosophy
Richard Marvin Hare died on January 29 at his home
in England. He was 82.
After being held as a prisoner of war by the Japa-
nese for more than three years during World War II,
Hare returned to England and completed his studies
at Oxford University. He joined the Oxford faculty in
1947 and was White's Professor of Moral Philosophy
there from 1966 until 1983. He then came to UF,
where he spent 10 years on the faculty.
Known as one of the greatest moral philosophers of the postwar era, he
wrote such classics on moral theory as The Language of Morals (1952), Freedom
and Reason (1963) and Moral Thinking (1981). When he joined UF's philosophy
department, he taught a graduate seminar in ethical theory, regularly admitting
undergraduate philosophy majors as well as other interested students.
Philosophy Chair Robert D'Amico describes Hare as one of the greatest
intellectuals of the 20th century. "I remember him as unfailingly energetic, gener-
ous with his time and devoted to philosophical discussion."
Hare is survived by his wife Catherine, four children and six grandchildren.
Read CLASnotes online at http://clasnews.clas.ufl.edu
CLASnotes March 2002
Ano Z0 STA POL
11% 1% %<1%
Grant Awards for January 2002 by Department
A lot of people probably
consider their garbage
if anything. So convert-
ing aromatic waste to
something useful sounds
like a good idea, right?
Well, Chemistry Profes-
sor Tomas Hudlicky has
received several federal
grants to fund his work
converting a very specific
kind of aromatic waste
into compounds impor-
tant to pharmaceutical
"The waste products
we convert are chlori-
nated and brominated
which are usually the
by-products of pesticide
compounds have a
bad connotation and
they're considered toxic,"
Hudlicky says. "But
they happen to be very
good starting materi-
als for pharmaceutical
compounds. Rather than
spend money on waste
disposal, we convert
them into something
that can be used to make
Hudlicky has been
working in this field for
13 years, the last seven
at UF "The work has
yielded 25 patents dur-
ing that time, so it's of
he says. "The
aeous program sup-
sis of some
in Phase II
trials at the
Grant Award Totals: September 2001 -January 2002
Health. The compounds
we produce are also used
in what could become a
practical preparation of
morphine, which as an
anesthetic and analgesic
has a lot of value in the
That's the major work-
load under that grant."
Phase II trials test for
effectiveness and safety
and are conducted after
dosage range and basic
safety are established and
possible side effects are
The National Sci-
ence Foundation is an
independent US govern-
ment agency responsible
for promoting science
and engineering by
investing in almost
20,000 research and
Read the full grants listing in this
month's issue of CLASnotes online
CLASnotes March 2002
from CLAS faculty
M.J. Hardman, author of
Aymara (Lincom Europa).
Minority Literatures and Modernism:
Scots, Breton and Occitan, 1920-1990
William Calin (Romance Languages
University of Toronto Press
Bridging Linguistics and Anthropi
Between the Andes Mountains and Lake Titi-
caca lies the high Andean plain, where Ayma-
ra is spoken. UF Linguistics and Anthropol-
ogy Professor M.J. Hardman's new book
Aymara describes the grammatical structure
of its titular subject, which is the first lan-
guage of one-third of Bolivia, the dominant
language of southern Peru and the indigenous
language of northern Chile.
Hardman, who has been at UF since
1969, says that the target audience for Ayma-
ra is linguists. But she adds that the study of
linguistics underlies many other disciplines.
"Many aspects of the social sciences grew
from the discoveries of linguistics," she says.
"Especially that there could exist patterned
behavior outside of human awareness, which
was a product of early linguists working out
the history of Indo-European languages."
Hardman adds that at their roots, anthropol-
ogy and linguistics are not separate. "The
founder of modern in rl-r. .p. ...; ,, Franz Boas,
came to that field of study because of his fas-
cination with the Eskimo language."
And the connection is not only at the
two disciplines' roots. Hardman sees a lot of
convergence between the two in her work.
MINORITY LITERATURES AND MODERNISM
SctBao. n cln 1920-1990 4 *
Graduate Research Professor of French
William Calin's book Minority Litera-
tures and Modernism: Scots, Breton and
Occitan, 1920-1990 examines European
minority languages. "We in America
associate minority languages with recent
immigrants," Calin says. "In Europe they
also have minority languages that have survived hundreds of years."
These languages have a rich cultural past, but Calin is interested
in their literary revivals. "Each of the three languages in my book
has, independently of each other, tried to create a modern literature.
They threw out the notion that they were inherently different from
the dominant culture rural, folksy, emphasizing popular ballads and
romantic stories of adventure," Calin says. "Some found that notion
condescending and limiting and followed the path of modernity. First,
they had to enrich the language and formalize the grammar so that
people could write in it, and it could be taught in schools so people
could read it."
Calin says Paris and London literary establishments are not
especially interested in these revivals. "Universities give a great deal
of attention to medieval writings in these languages, but 20th century
literature is largely neglected," he says. "As translations appear, some
CLASnotes March 2002
"All that I do is
learning the cul- .
ture as I learned
the language and
discovering the culture as I discovered the
structure of the language," she says. "Separa-
tion of the two disciplines is a very recent
phenomenon. I would still like to see bridges
between linguistics and iinrli. .p. 1..;, --1. .rl,
need each other."
Hardman says publication of Aymara is a
natural outcome of decades of research. "The
goal of all scientific work is to make that work
available to the scientific community and to
the public in general. At long last there is an
Aymara grammar in English-it is a language
with nearly 3 million speakers, and only now
is there access to its grammar in English."
names are being recognized, which certainly wasn't the case 25 years
ago. But it's a long process.
Calin feels that this neglect does a disservice to the minority lit-
eratures. "I am fascinated by the extraordinary literary quality of the
writing in these languages, a really fine literature being produced at
the same time that the languages may in fact be dying."
Muse on Madison Avenue:
Classic Mythology in
KareisaV. Hartigan (Classics)
As Classics Professor Karelisa Hartigan
thumbed through a magazine several
years ago, something caught her eye.
Hartigan noticed a cologne advertise-
ment modeled after a mythological fig-
ure-the half-man, half-bull Minotaur.
Curious whether this was an isolated
occurrence or a pattern, Hartigan began paying close attention to
other magazine ads, conferring with colleagues and requesting that
her students collect examples. What she noticed was a trend using
mythological elements in contemporary advertising campaigns. Muse
on Madison Avenue examines this incorporation of classical myths into
n January 15, CLAS Distinguished Alumni Professor Carolyn
M. Tucker and biochemistry senior Scott Feldman were each
awarded the UF President's Humanitarian Award.
Tucker, who has been at UF since 1976 and teaches both graduate
and undergraduate psychology courses, received the award for her two
major research projects. "The first is the Culturally Sensitive Teacher
Training Research Project, which measures the impact of training teach-
ers to use a culturally sensitive student-empowerment approach for
the academic performance and behavior problems of children in their
classrooms," she says. "The second is the Culturally Sensitive Health
Care Research Project, which defines, assesses and evaluates whether
providing culturally sensitive health care to minority patients affects
their treatment adherence and health outcomes.
Feldman received the award for his efforts to improve the climate
for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender students, faculty and staff
at UE "My partner and I formed the Gator Gay-Straight Alliance
in 2000. We have organized a wide range of activities like Same-Sex
Hand-Holding Day, which encourages everyone, gay or straight, to
hold hands and experience the underlying heterosexist attitudes of the
campus," he says. "We also organized a workshop for resident assistants
on lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender issues, and we worked with
Assistant Dean of Greek Life Kara Cupoli to hold a meeting where
lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender students had one-on-one conver-
sations with Greek students to clear up stereotypes both groups have
about the other."
The President's Humanitarian Awards recognize UF students, fac-
ulty and staff as well as local community members who exemplify the
ideals of People Awareness Week, which is held each spring in an effort
to encourage acceptance, respect and appreciation of diversity.
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
News and Publications
2008 Turlington Hall
PO Box 117300
Gainesville FL 32611-7300
CLASnotes March 2002