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Table of Contents
    Main
        Page 1
    Around the college
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Grants awarded through Division of Sponsored Research
        Page 10
    Book beat
        Page 11
    A note from the chair
        Page 12
Full Text














alheDans Muig I


Ustler Hall


May 2000





CLASnotes

Vol. 14 The University of Florida College of Liberal Arts and Sciences No. 5


Anthropologist on the Move

Sue Boinski studies social
interactions of squirrel monkeys


Kay Ustler stepped forward when her
alma mater needed her most. As a result,
an important historic building on the Uni-
versity of Florida campus will be restored
to its classical beauty and become an
important academic building for students
and faculty. In gratitude for her major gift,
the university will rename the renovated
Women's Gym as Kathryn Chicone Ustler
Hall (see story, page 4).
Chicone family members are long-time
supporters of UF. For many years, their
generosity has helped produce excellence
in our athletic programs. Kay decided it
was time that academics received atten-
tion, and she did it in grand style. At the
same time, since some the deepest sports
history of UF evolved from this original
gymnasium (1919), she is also assuring
the preservation of a certain phase of Ga-
tor athletics. So both our sports history
and our academic future win big.
There are many things just so right
about the funding of this building. It was
the Women's Gym. Its restoration is spon-
sored by a woman. It is the first academic
building named after a woman. And
Ustler Hall will house the University of
Florida Women's Studies program, along
with much-needed new classroom space.
Surely the planets have converged in
some felicitous way to bring all this about.
However, I prefer to express my apprecia-
tion to Kay, rather than to any celestial
game plan.
The College of Liberal Arts and Sci-
ences has taken major interest in restor-
ing historic buildings on the UF campus,
thanks to the generosity of our donors
and matching state funds. This includes
complete renovations of Floyd Hall (now
Griffin-Floyd), Anderson Hall, Flint Hall
(now Keene-Flint Hall), and the Women's
Gym (soon to be Ustler Hall). In addition,
significant improvements have taken place
inside Dauer Hall and Rolfs Hall with
See Musings, page 12


Sue Boinski has faced wild pumas,
camped beside shark-infested
waters, and contracted parasites
never before found in humans. But
the CLAS anthropologist, who studies
squirrel monkeys and capuchins, says
she is not taking inordinate risks in her
work. \ly field research is actually far
less dangerous than a night in a typical
American city," she explains. "But I'll
admit-there are times in the grocery
aisle at Publix that I want to shout 'I'm
really a Jungle Woman!'"
Boinski has been researching the social
behavior and ecology of wild monkeys
in the tropics of the western hemisphere
for twenty years. As one of the world's
foremost scholars on squirrel monkeys
and capuchins, she tries to decipher what
these animals talk about. 'What they are
saying to each other is much less pure
emotion than lumps of information like
'Predators are here; I want to move the
troop this way,' or 'Mama, where are
you?'" Boinski says.
Whether or not such communication con-
stitutes formal language remains an unre-
solved issue.
In her new
book, On the
Move: How
and Why An-
imals Travel
in Groups
(University
of Chicago
Press, 2000),
which she
co-edited
with Paul
White-faced capuchins from Garber of the
Costa Rica often hunt verte- University
brate prey.
of Illinois,
Boinski
explores how social interactions and
environmental factors contribute to group


travel prefer- S o-
ences. One
important in-
dication that
the squirrel
monkeys are
employing
sophisticated
language is
their use of
deception
while mak-
ing travel Anthropologist Sue Boinski
decisions.
"Primates sometimes demonstrate
Machiavellian social maneuvers. They
can be sneaky-monkeys will give each
other false information. This implies that
they are aware of what others are think-
ing. It's a critical threshold," Boinski
says. "Our book argues that they really
do seem to be tricky and complex in the
social processes that determine how a
group moves.
Boinski has studied primates in Costa
Rica, Peru, Argentina, and Brazil. Since
1995, she has been working in Suriname
(South America). "It's an amazing place,
one of the top research sites for pri-
mates in the neo-tropics," Boinski says.
I iglue -Iis e percent of the country is un-
disturbed rain forest." Suriname's inter-
nal strife effectively closed the wilderness
to scientists from 1980 to the early 90s,
but when the country re-opened, Boinski
was among the very first researchers to
begin fieldwork there. "At about the time
Suriname was opening up, my husband
and I were entertaining guests, including
a scientist from that country," Boinski
says. '"When I showed her pictures of
the squirrel monkeys I studied, she said,
'Oh, we have those in our backyard.' Of
course, that got my attention."
In 1996, she received a University of
See Boinski, page 9


This month's focus: Anthropology









Around the College

DEPARTMENT NEWS


Anthropology
Anthony Falsetti was recently named Chair of the Physical
Anthropology Section of the American Academy of Forensic
Sciences .

Irma McClaurin was awarded the Fellowship in Diplomacy
and the Engineering Science/NSF Fellowship through the Amer-
ican Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). She
has accepted the Diplomacy Fellowship and will be placed with
USAID next year in Washington, DC. Her manuscript "Black
Feminist Anthropology: Theory, Politics, Praxis, and Poetics"
has been accepted by Rutgers University Press and is scheduled
for publication in May 2001.

Marianne Schmink, Co-Director of the Tropical Conservation
and Development program at the Center for Latin American
Studies, is collaborating with the Center for International For-
estry Research (CIFOR) in a research program directed by an-
thropologist Carol Colfer entitled "Adaptive Co-Management."
Schmink participated in a CIFOR workshop in Zimbabwe in
April, and is directing a pilot project in Brazil focused on partici-
patory approaches to measuring and monitoring sustainablility in
community forest management.


CLAS Graduate Students
Recognized as Top in State
Two CLAS graduate students were chosen by Florida Leader
Magazine as finalists for the 14th annual "Florida College
Student of the Year" award. The awards pro-
gram, which recognizes students who support
themselves through college, excel academi-
cally, and are involved in community service
and political activism, honors Florida's most
outstanding campus leaders with nearly
$50,000 in scholarships and prizes.
Sociology student Candace Churchill
won a $1,000 honorable mention, while Slossberg
Political Science student Gary Slossberg re-
ceived a $2500 finalist prize. Churchill, leader of numerous proj-
ects to improve services for women on campus
including anti-rape campaigns, is president of
Campus NOW and a teaching assistant for Fe-
lix Berardo's \ l.nai i.' and Family" course.
She plans to use her prize money to help sup-
port a summer research internship in New York
City with Redstockings, a feminist think-tank.
SSlossberg, who studies political campaigning
Churchill with Michael Martinez, is the Vision Party
chairperson; he ran for student body president
last spring. Slossberg is also past president
of the Inter-residence Hall Association and the Jewish Student
Union.


1999-2000 Graduate Teaching Awards
The following CLAS students won university-wide
recognition for outstanding teaching:

Jessica Baker, Psychology
Naima Brown-Smith, Sociology
James Cooney, Physics
William Girton, Mathematics
Terri Hogan, Botany
Susan Lewis, H-i. i.'.. I,. i. C -
Dana Martin, Romance
Languages and Literatures
Beth Pontari, Psychology i i
Maria Stanonis is
Paloma Rodriguez, Classics congratulated by
David Schecter, Political Science her fellow teaching
assistants in the
Calvin A. VanderWerf English Department
for winning the Cal-
Award Recipient vin A. VanderWerf
Award.
Maria Stanonis, English





McQuown Award Winners
The O. Ruth McQuown Scholarship Awards honor College
of Liberal Arts and Sciences female scholars in the humanities,
social sciences, individual interdisciplinary studies (that include
social sciences/humanities), and women's studies. Graduate
and undergraduate women are selected based on their academic
achievement and promise.

Graduate Recipient of $10,000
Margrit Grieb (Germanic and Slavic Studies)

Graduate Recipients of $5,000
Flordeliz Bugarin (Anthropology)
Sara Crawley (Sociology/Women's Studies)

Graduate Recipients of $750-$3,000
Theodora Dragostinova (History)
Raina Joines (English)
Nivedita Majumdar (English)
Sarah Brusky (English)
Giovanna Summerfield (Romance Languages and Literatures)

Undergraduate Recipients of $750-$1,000
Elisa Lucchi (English)
Thy Nguyen (Political Science)
Rhiannon Theurer (English)









Around the College


Alumnus Gary Myers Helps
Geology Department Reach $100,000 Goal
With Gary Myers' (Geology, '74) recent gift of $15,000,
the Department of Geology's 50th Anniversary Fund has reached
its $100,000 goal and now qualifies for state matching funds.
Myers, who is President of North Florida Technology Innovation
Corporation of Gainesville, has contributed a total of $40,000 to
the Anniversary Fund.
The 50th Anni-
versary Fund, which
was initiated in 1998
with the rededica-
tion of Williams
Hall, has received
several new contri-
butions since Myers'
gift. Ed Hickey
Left to right: Paul Mueller, Gary Myers, ('76) of Miami,
and Will Harrison
recently gave $5000
toward his pledge of
$10,000, and Jim Floyd ('62) of Houston, also donated $5000,
bringing his total gifts to $33,000.
"It has been most gratifying to see friends and alumni of the
department, many long-since graduated, help us reach our target
in only two years," says Department of Geology chairman Paul
Mueller. "The income from this fund will significantly enhance
our ability to provide the next generation of geology students
with the best opportunities for success."


Nine CLAS Students Honored
at Commencement
During each University of Florida Commencement Cer-
emony, the UF Alumni Association recognizes and awards
outstanding graduates for their scholarship and service. Of the
15 students recognized May 6th, eight were from the College
of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Justin Gude (Wildlife Ecology
with a minor in Zoology), Newman Nahas (English), Gregory
VeJat (Interdisciplinary Basic Biological and Medical Sciences),
and Hillary Warren (Basic Biological and Medical Sciences)
were recognized as four-year scholars having maintained a
perfect 4.0 GPA. Eric Spellman (Mathematics) was recognized
as a two-year scholar graduating with a 4.0. Edward Borden
(Geography and Music Composition) and David Winchester
(Microbiology and Cell Science) were honored as outstanding
male leaders, while Dawn Goodman (Psychology) was honored
as outstanding female leader.
Additionally, Danielle Bass (Zoology) was honored as a
recipient of both the Spring 2000 Outstanding Leadership Award
and the Tracy Caulkins Award.


Superior Accomplishment Awards
Each year, UF presents superior accomplishment awards to
those faculty and staff who have been nominated by colleagues
for performing above and beyond the call of duty. Awards are
made in four categories: faculty, A&P, USPS and technical staff.
At the divisional level, CLAS had winners in two of these four
areas:
Betty Corwine (Senior Secretary, History)
Tangelyn Mitchell (Secretary, Zoology-Biological Sciences)
Roxanne Barnett (Systems Programmer, Academic Advising
Center)
Donald Brennan (Engineering Technician, Physics)
Henry Coulter (Marine Superintendent, Zoology).
Six university-wide Superior Accomplishment Awards
($1,000) and six additional awards ($500) will be announced at a
May 31st ceremony to be held in the Reitz Union Ballroom.



CLAS Professors Win Interdisciplinary
Mellon Foundation Grant
The Andrew Mellon Foundation awarded a $270,000 grant
to Sue Legg (OIR), Martin Vala (Chemistry), and Marvel
Townsend (Mathematics) to be used over a two-and-a-half year
period to measure the costs and pedagogic effectiveness of using
instructional technology to improve undergraduate education.



CLAS Alumna Makes Bequest,
Delivers Lecture
Early in the Spring term,
Patricia O'Connor (MA, Ph.D.
Spanish at UF), Professor or
Spanish at the University of
Cincinnati, delivered a lecture
to students and professors in
the Department of Romance
Languages and Literatures on
'Women's Sense of Justice:
Texts and Contexts." Drawing
on literary and real-life examples
that ranged from classical Greek
the- Patricia O'Connor (left) with
tragedies through Spanish the- RLL Chair Geraldine Nichols.
ater to contemporary courtroom
verdicts, Dr. O'Connor illustrat-
ed Carol Gilligan's thesis that women's sense of justice differs
from men's.
The lecture was followed by a reception to thank Professor
O'Connor for the bequest she made to the department, which
will one day provide scholarships and financial assistance to
study or research in Spain.









Women's Gym to be Restored

Thanks to the generosity of a sociology alumna, "Kathryn Chicone
Ustler Hall" to be first UF academic building named for a woman
A after years of contemplating the best way to express fondness for her alma mater,
Kathryn Chicone Ustler found a perfect fit last month when she agreed to help
fund the renovation of a historic UF campus building--the Women's Gym.
\ l family and I have always been interested in historic building preservation," said Ustler.
"The more I thought about saving the gym and restoring it to practical use, the more excited
I became about getting involved."
Built in Tudor Gothic style in 1919, the gym originally served as both an indoor basketball
arena and an assembly hall. Through the 1920s, 30s, and 40s, the multipurpose facility was
a center of Gator athletic activities --including gymnastics, fencing and boxing--but was
also used as a chapel, dance hall, movie theater, and lecture hall. When the UF campus
went co-ed in 1948, the building was labeled the Women's Gymnasium, and it has contin-
ued to bear that name despite subsequent changes in use.
Funding from Ustler, coupled with matching funds from the state of Florida, clears the way Kay Ustler was recognized and honored at the
for the long sought-after renovation, which will complement the growing list of early UF Orlando regional campaign meeting in April.
buildings restored to their original beauty, including Griffin-Floyd, Keene-Flint, and Ander- Ustler is pictured above (left) with the meeting's
son Halls. With the necessary approval of the Florida Legislature, the renovated gym will student speaker, CLAS political science/German
student Sarah Rumpf.
be dubbed Kathryn Chicone Ustler Hall, making it the first UF academic building named
for a woman.


Ustler learned about the significance of
the naming only after she made her gift.
"I went to Stephens College in Missouri
[a small women's college] as a freshman
before transferring to UF as a sophomore,"
Ustler explained. "At Stephens everything
was named after women, so I was used to
this and just assumed academic buildings
were named for women at all schools."
When completed, the 14,700 square-foot,
3-level Ustler Hall will house classrooms
and faculty and administrative offices for
CLAS Women's Studies programs. The
redesigned building will also include a
library, gallery, and garden. 'The garden
really struck me when I saw the model,"


Created by UF architects Kim Tanzer and Caro-
line Constant, this scale model of the renovated
Ustler Hall can be taken apart to reveal interior
structural features.


says Ustler. 'Transforming a parking lot
into a park people can sit in and enjoy is a
wonderful idea and will greatly add to the
beauty and utility of the building."
Ustler, a 1961 graduate in liberal arts with
a major in sociology, is a native Orland-
oan. In the early 1920s, Ustler's father,
Jerry Chicone, Sr., relocated from New
Jersey to Winter Garden, Florida, where
he settled and started the citrus and real
estate business his family still runs today
(Chicone Groves/Properties).
Chicone, Sr. met his wife, Maude Lee of
Sylvania, Georgia, while she was visiting
relatives in Winter Garden. After a long
distance courtship, Maude Lee moved
to Orlando to teach, and soon after the
two were married. The Chicones were
together for 64 years until Maude Lee's
death in 1994. Chicone, Sr. passed away
in 1998 at the age of 96.
Kay and her older brother, Jerry, were
raised in the Orlando area where she
graduated from Edgewater High School
before moving on to the University of
Florida. "I wouldn't take anything in
the world for having gone to UF-I have
many good memories of my time there,"
she says, adding, "It makes sense to me to
give back to my college."
Ustler's gift is not the first Chicone fam-
ily donation to the university. Chicone,
Sr. was one of 30 organizers of the Gator
Boosters program in the 1950s and a


trustee emeritus of the organization. The
North Endzone Gator Booster offices are
named after him. Jerry Chicone, Jr., who
graduated from UF in 1956, is also a loyal
supporter of Gator athletics and is the
president of Gator Boosters.
Ustler says her family's commitment to
the university definitely influenced her
decision to make a major gift. "I wanted
to keep the tradition going. If my dad and
brother hadn't done what they'd done for
UF in the last few years, it may not have
occurred to me to do something at this
level. I met their challenge," she says,
"and hopefully, when his time comes, my
son will meet my challenge." Ustler's
son, Craig, a CLAS economics graduate
(1991), is a commercial real estate devel-
oper and urban planner whose projects
center around the revitalization of historic
downtown Orlando.
Mrs. Ustler extends her challenge to all
UF alumnae: "I would encourage other
ladies to give serious thought to what they
would like to do for the University of
Florida. I think in too many instances, it is
the husband or the man of the house who
handles charitable contributions. I encour-
age women to read about what is hap-
pening on campus, to find out about UF's
needs, to identify which of these needs
interests them and touches their hearts,
and then to get involved."%
-Jane Gibson









Fish Vendors vs. the State


An interview with cultural anthropologist Kesha Fikes
Fikes joined the Department of Anthropology faculty last fall. She came to UF
from UCLA, where she earned her PhD this Spring (2000).


Cn: Your dissertation concerned women
originally from the Cape Verde Archi-
pelago (off the coast of West Africa), who
have relocated to Portugal. As back-
ground, tell us a bit about the fascinating
history of Cape Verde.
KF: Cape Verde's history is quite com-
plex. Portugal claimed the uninhabited
archipelago in the late 15th Century. Be-
cause of its ecological location, within the
Sahel Desert belt, the islands were used
as a stopover site. The local economy
was primarily supported by the transport
and exchange of West African slaves, in
addition to taxes from passing sea mer-
chants. As the Archipelago's strategic
location emerged as one of the key ports
for Transatlantic activity, pirate attacks
occurred frequently, between the 16th and
late 18th centuries. In such instances,
many Portuguese slave holders and land
owners escaped into the interior hill areas
of the islands, often in the company of
their slaves. Many Portuguese remained
in the interior, making Cape Verde's
maroon-descended populations of mixed
racial backgrounds. "Racial" dynamics
like these, for example, made the process
of executing racialized colonial authority
quite difficult, particularly at the end of
slavery. And not surprisingly, such stories
have erroneously contributed to the narra-
tive of racial democracy that continues to
represent Portuguese-speaking places.

Cn: So how does your project fit into the
context of Cape Verdean history?
KF: My project was a comparative
ethnography of Cape Verdean women's
resource management in Cape Verde and
in Portugal. In Portugal, former colonial
African women are primarily employed in
waged janitorial and household services.
In Cape Verde, however, women's work
ethics are tied to experiences of autonomy
and self-direction. Subsequently, the
social dynamics of cleaning service work,
often supervised, contradict women's no-
tions of appropriate work environments.
My project examined how Cape Verdean
women in Portugal have inserted them-
selves into an undocumented street vend-


ing economy-selling fish-as a means of
asserting their autonomy through work, a
continuation of the women's work prac-
tices I observed in Cape Verde. I situated
my analysis within a historic continuum
of Cape Verdean resistance to Portuguese
colonial and post-independence labor
practices.

Cn: Are Cape Verdean women in Portu-
gal predominantly street vendors?
KF: No. Cape Verdeans in Portugal are a
heterogeneous community. Some emi-
grated prior to Cape Verde's independence
(1975) and have assumed Portuguese
nationality and citizenship. They are inte-
grated into Portuguese society and are rep-
resented across the nation's professions.
Others have just begun "free" travel,
particularly those from the Cape Verde
island of Santiago, and they are primar-
ily absorbed into construction (for men)
and "domestic" work (for women). The
women with whom I work, exclusively
from Santiago, have either chosen not to
be "maids," or have chosen to supplement
their low "maid" incomes by selling fish.
Undocumented street vending, however,
is under heavy police surveillance in Por-
tugal, so Cape Verdean fish vendors risk
physical and verbal abuse on daily basis.
My project addressed how life at "home"
situated their resistance to the Portuguese
state in Portugal. Curiously, Santiago was
the primary slave holding island. And
all Cape Verdean women who choose to
sell fish are exclusively from the island of
Santiago. Hence you can see why I chose
to historicize women's decision-making
processes, within the context of Portu-
guese colonial and post-independence
labor practices.
Also, Cape Verdean men in construc-
tion in Portugal earn more than women in
the waged service industry. In contrast,
in Cape Verde, women marketers have
the financial advantage over men. Subse-
quently, fish sales, which generate more
income that waged "women's" work, are a
significant means to managing authority in
the household as well.


Cn: Is fish
vending
the only
other
income
option
for Cape '
e de Kesha Fikes
Verdean
women in
Portugal?
KF: Right now, and within the wider
future, no. Women who have been in
Portugal since the early to mid 1980s
can qualify for citizenship. When they
capitalize on this resource not only do they
become citizens of Portugal, but of the
European Union in general. This enables
them to migrate and/or travel to France
and Holland where they are participat-
ing in Europe's clothing industry. They
purchase cheaper clothes wholesale in
"Northern" Europe, and then sell them for
a profit in Portugal, Cape Verde, and in
some places in West Africa. Thus, women
from Santiago in Portugal are contem-
plating the possibilities of citizenry, as it
relates to their ideals of "employment."
Women who have recently arrived from
Cape Verde, however, are basically finan-
cially dependent on waged services, and/or
fish sales.

Cn: Do you plan to expand your work
with Cape Verde in future projects?
KF: Yes. My next project will be an
examination of the internal, social, and
political dynamics of post-independence
statehood in Cape Verde.

Cn: On a completely different note, since
you were born and raised in Califor-
nia-considered to have one of the finest
university systems in the nation--what's
your take on UF's current situation?
KF: As a new faculty hire, my primary
experiences and observations have come
from my classrooms, with both undergrad-
uates and graduate students. Right now, I
can only comment upon my appreciation
of students' enthusiasm and commitment
to hard work.%
-Jane Gibson









University Scholars Symposium


On April 1st, the Provost's Office hosted the First Annual University
Scholars Symposium. The University Scholars Program (USP)
gives undergraduates the opportunity to work one-on-one with faculty
mentors during a year-long research project. Scholars identify a project
topic, spend the summer in research, and continue supervised study that
culminates with a formal paper by the end of the academic year.
During the morning sessions of the symposium, one hundred and twenty-
three 1999-2000 USP students delivered their research findings in panel
presentations held in Turlington Hall classrooms. Afterwards, students and
their parents and mentors attended a luncheon and awards ceremony in the
O'Connell Center.
The awards for best paper went to Susan Jean (History) and Payam Chini
(Engineering). Doug Knox (English) and Dana Gadaire (Psychology) were
finalists and Nora Fosman (Agriculture) and Meredith Stanford (Nursing)
received honorable mentions.


Awards juage Jane uouglas ana usr Journal or
Undergraduate Research editor Henri Van Rins-
velt with Best Qualitative Research Article winner
Susan Jean (History).


Robyn Wilson, an astronomy
major, takes questions after her
presentation on the Rosette Mo-
lecular Cloud.


Lngineenng major Jett Palm pres-
ents his research on a program-
ming language generator.


English major and Best Qualita-
tive Research Article finalist Doug
Knox displays a rare first edition
copy of Jane Austen's Emma,
around which his USP research
with Allistair Duckworth (English)
was based.


Mentor Krishnamurthy Sriramesh
(left) and journalism major Corinne
Simon (right) at the awards cer-
emony.


Sassam an, continued from page 7
eral years to assemble a regional database on these and other shell mound sites.
Matching my interests in origins is a curiosity about the sustainability of these early
settled communities. In this regard, the histories of the Savannah (including Stallings
Culture) and St. Johns basins diverged. Whereas communities in the St. Johns persisted
in relatively stable forms for millennia, those of the middle Savannah abandoned the
region a few centuries after their genesis. Given the emerging new perspectives on sym-
bolic and ritual uses of the land, I am inclined to attribute the abandonment to cultural
and political factors. Still, humans did not live (or die) by ritual alone, so we are also fo-
cusing on potential ecological stresses attending the demise of Stallings Culture. Anthro-
pology graduate students Peter Hallman and Pat O'Day are busy examining land snail
and freshwater clam remains for evidence of human impacts to local environments, such
UF anthropology students Michell Benatti and as deforestation and soil erosion. This work exemplifies the interdisciplinary nature of
Jim Mallard excavating in deep clam shell
Jim Mallard excavating in deep clam shell much of our archaeological research. With its diverse and robust programs in the natural,
physical, and social sciences, UF is especially well-equipped to advance our understand-
ing of prehistoric culture change and apply this knowledge to issues of contemporary relevance such as global warming, sea-level rise,
species extinction and infectious disease.%









Origins, Southern Style

By CLAS anthropologist Kenneth E. Sassaman fli I iIl


Archaeologists share with the
American public a fascination
with origins. The original peo-
pling of the Americas, the oldest agricul-
ture, and the beginnings of institutional
power are among the subjects that attract a
disproportionate amount of the attention-
and funding-of archaeological research.
My personal fascination is with the
beginnings of settled village life. In my
research area of the American Southeast,
the timing and circumstances of the oldest
villages are matters of intense debate as
new discoveries have caused us to discard
many of our trusted assumptions about
cultural evolution.
Archaeologists generally agree that
the social and economic complexity of
Native North Americans at the time of
European contact had its beginnings in the
development of permanent communities.
After arriving in North America some
14,000 or more years ago, prehistoric an-
cestors of today's Indians maintained rela-
tively mobile lifestyles, moving their camp
sites season after season in pursuit of food,
raw materials, and social fulfillment. Like
humans the world over, Native North
Americans transitioned into more-or-less
stationary lifestyles at various times and
under various conditions, although the
consequences of this change were roughly
the same everywhere. Sedentary (non-mo-
bile) living introduced the challenges of
environmental degradation, social friction,
infectious disease, and nutritional stress.
People responded with technological inno-
vations, new forms of social organization,
and more diverse and intensive food-pro-
ducing practices, including agriculture. In
the southwestern U.S. the first permanent
villages were clearly predicated on farm-
ing, notably the adoption of corn and other
cultigens first domesticated in Mexico.
The picture in the American Southeast
is quite different. Based on the successful
exploitation of fish and shellfish, certain
communities of hunter-gatherers estab-
lished relatively permanent settlements
millennia before corn agriculture arrived
on the scene. I have spent the past decade
investigating one such group in the middle
Savannah River valley of Georgia and


South Carolina. Known to us today as
Stallings Culture, the prehistory of this
population embodies the shift from mobile
to sedentary living that was the context
for North America's oldest pottery, dating
some 4500 years old. Eleven UF stu-
dents and I spent part of last summer on a
National Geographic sponsored expedition
to the namesake site, Stallings Island, near
Augusta, Georgia. We found evidence that
intensive shellfish harvesting started five
centuries before Stallings Culture, indicat-
ing the presence of Stallings predecessors-
possibly ancestors. We are now in the pro-
cess of sorting through the huge volume
of archaeological matrix we brought back
to Gainesville in attempt to reconstruct the
details of these earlier occupations.
The development of permanent com-
munities may have begun even earlier in
Florida. Ongoing fieldwork headed by
UF alumni Mike Russo (National Park
Service) and Becky Saunders (LSU) is
showing that populations on the coast of
northeast Florida were establishing large
permanent settlements as early as 5500
years ago. The sites they are investigating
in Duval County are examples of so-called
"shell rings," donut-shaped piles of mostly
shellfish remains, some well over 100
meters in diameter. Russo's and Saunders'
work suggest that rings were not simply
the inevitable accumulations of refuse
from permanent habitation, the long-ac-
ceptable assumption. Rather, shell rings
and mounds on the coast apparently were
constructed deliberately.
Among the more revealing sites are
shell mounds of the St. Johns River of
Florida. The subject of scientific scrutiny
since the 19th century, St. Johns shell
mounds were sometimes erected as monu-
ments to the dead. Many such mounds
were mined years ago for road fill, but
those observed before being completely
destroyed contained human burials in
a foundation of mounded shell. So it
appears that belief systems, rather than
household economics, were stimulating
the change to increasingly permanent
settlement. Competition among groups
for prime real estate may have been influ-
ential too, but this argument is becoming


Ken Sassaman


difficult to defend as the origins of mound-
ing gets pushed back into times of lower
population density.
This summer, 24 UF students and I
will be launching our first expedition to
the St. Johns River. We will be continu-
ing a long tradition of UF investigations
by my Department of Anthropology
predecessors, such as Barbara Purdy
and former Florida Museum of Natural
History archaeologists John Goggin and
Ripley Bullen. Our study sites on Hon-
toon Island and Blue Spring State Parks
in Volusia County have been impacted by
development and vandalism, but are now
afforded protection by State Parks policy.
Our group will help assess the internal
configuration and age of at least two shell
mounds, as well as survey previously
neglected portions to assist Parks person-
nel with long-term management. UF
undergraduate Sean Connaughton was
awarded a University Scholars Award to
research the questions of the settlement
permanence of one of the mounds. I hope
See Sassaman, page 6

HHB-K^)~~


....
The great shell deposits on Hontoon Island, Florida,
shown in a 19th century photo (Moore 1894).








Baccalaureate 2000
he 18th Annual CLAS Baccalaureate Ceremony was held Friday, May 5, in University Auditorium. Over
two hundred CLAS graduates drew family, friends and faculty together to celebrate Spring Commence
ment. During the program, Dean Harrison introduced top CLAS scholars and faculty, the Gainesville
Civic Chorus performed, Gareth Schmeling (Classics) honored retiring faculty, and President Young spoke
about the importance of a liberal arts and sciences education.



















Above left: President Young gave special recognition to Dean Harrison for his
strong leadership of CLAS.
Above top right: from Dean Harrison's left, president pro-tempore to the faculty
Gareth Schmeling (Classics) introduced retiring professors Norman Markel
(Communication Sciences and Disorders), Dorothy Nevill (Psychology), Henry
Pennypacker (Psychology), and Ron Foreman (Afro-American Studies).
Above right: from left, CLAS valedictorians DeAnn Pickett, Newman Nahas,
Jennifer Gundlach, Jennifer Fox, and Angela Cotney were recognized during
the ceremony. Cotney delivered the valedictory speech.

Counter-clockwise from left: Computer Sci-
e ences major Deepa Nair and her mother,
4 Soil and Water Sciences faculty member
Vimala Nair; Retiring professor Ron Fore-
man and son Everett Foreman; Allan
Burns (Anthropology) and John Cech
(English); Newman Nahas (English) and
David Jones (Botany) talk of Jones' alma
mater Oxford, where Nahas is headed this
fall as a Rhodes Scholar.



Above top: Criminology and Religion major Eden
Heilman prepared for the ceremony with the help of
her father, Dr. Kenneth Heilman.
Above center: April Rowe (English), Renata An-
drade (Economics), Alisha Jordan (Psychology),
and Mary Allen Austria (IDS-Neuroscience) lead
several hundred soon-to-be CLAS graduates into
University Auditorium.
Above bottom: Lauren Heatwole (Political Science),
Jennifer James (Religion), and Jeff Corey (Political
Science) waiting for the procession to begin.









Anthropology Staff


The Department of Anthro-
pology office staff includes
(clockwise from left rear):
Karen Jones, Office
Manager; Cheryl Walker,
Senior Clerk; Danica Ber-
nard, Program Assistant;
and Patricia Gaither King,
Office Assistant.


Boinski, continued from page 1


Florida Division of Sponsored
Research Award that allowed
her to lead a group of field
assistants into the Suriname
forest. Boinski has found that

of squirrel
monkey
there is
markedly
differ-
S ', '- ent than
species
found
else-
where
in South
and
Central America. In Costa
Rica, for example, squirrel
monkeys are very egalitar-
ian and males and females
co-exist peaceably. In Peru,
females control the troop.
Squirrel monkeys in Suri-
name, however, are dominated
by aggressive males. The rea-
sons for these variations, and
the role group communication
plays in them, remain unclear.
Boinski hopes to join new UF
anthropology faculty member
Michael Heckenberger next
summer in a study of a fourth
species of squirrel monkey in
the Brazilian Amazon.
Boinski says she does not
spend as much time in the
field as she would like. Her


husband, Gary Steck, an en-
tomologist and curator at the
state of Florida's Department
of Plant Industry, also travels
frequently, and they must bal-
ance their fieldwork with time
at home with their children,
Victor and Rosie. "Sometimes
I feel like I spend ten hours
in front of the computer for
every hour I'm out in the for-
est," Boinski says. "But I'm
very lucky. I grew up in the
north woods of Wisconsin. I
loved playing in the woods,
and reading and writing. And
that's still what I do now."
Studying monkeys in the wild
has provided Boinski with
plenty of adventure. While
writing her dissertation in
Costa Rica, she worked on the
Corcovado Pennisula, which
is famous for its strong ocean
currents and high den-
sity of sharks. "Sharks
were always at the
river mouth near our
camp, especially to
feed at high tide,"
Boinski says. "If I
went into the water
to clean my tennis
shoes, they would
swim toward me."
Boinski has also
had frequent
brushes with
wild cats.


"When we are new to an area,
I try to effectively mark out
our territory, and sometimes
the cats follow behind and
scratch over those areas,"
she says. Once, however,
before Boinski could make
her presence known at a new
Suriname camp, she crossed
paths with a puma as it chased
a red brocket deer. 'The legs
on both animals were moving
so fast that I couldn't even
see them," she says. Boinski
scrambled a few feet up a
tree as the deer escaped into
the bush. Then she heard a
loud roar as the puma charged
toward her. "Every neuron
in my body was plugged in.
The puma came to a point
about three meters away from
me and leapt up
to my face,"
Boinski
recalls. "I
saw its jaw
drop open,
i, but then


it turned
around in
mid-air
and passed
away
from me."
Although
she was
frightened,
she also
admits that
the experi-
ence was
unexpect-
edly ex-
hilarating.
"Actually, Males of all species,
I've never including this Peruvian
felt so squirrel monkey Saimiri
alive, bolivensis, typically in-
crease their body weight
she says. by 30% during mating
"I was season.
absolutely
certain I
wasn't going to die."
Despite a few close calls,
Boinski remains low-key
about the danger inherent in
her fieldwork. "I'm sure I'm
going to die an old lady in my
bed. But, of course, we did
apply for life insurance last
year, and my husband was ap-
proved, but I wasn't!"'
-John Elderkin


A juvenile Surinamese squirrel monkey Saimiri sciu-
reus scrutinizes the photographer with a head-cock.









(through the Divisi


Dept Agency
.............$168,979
ANT FL Clinical Practice Assn
AST Grantecan Canary Isl Telescope

BOT Plenum Publishing Corp

CHE Alpha Metals Inc


Investigator
Corporate
Lieberman, L.
Telesco, C.

Jones, D.
Nation, J.
Dolbier, W.

Katritzky, A.
Schanze, K.
Stewart, J.


Glaxo Res & Dev Ltd
Am Chemical Society
Merck & Company Inc


Wagener, K. CHE Lord Corporation

Federal..................$3,919,032
Dermott, S. AST NASA
Grogan, K.
Hamann, F AST NASA
Shyy, W. AST NASA
Mukherjee, J.
Chege, M. CAS US DOE


Benner, S.
Kennedy, R.
Kennedy, R.
Martin, C.
Eyler, J.
Talham, D.


CHE
CHE
CHE
CHE


NASA
NIH
NSF
NSF


CHE NSF


Vala, M. CHE
Crandell, C. CSD
Ostler, D.
Henretta, J. GSS
Avery, P. PHY
Yelton, J.
Avery, P. PHY
Yelton, J.
Dufty, J. PHY
Hebard, A. PHY
Hershfield, S. PHY
Sharifi, F
Konigsberg, J. PHY
Mitselmakher, G.
Mitselmakher, G. PHY
Avery, P
Ramond, P PHY
Sikivie, P
Frazier, C. SOC
Lanza-Kaduce, L.
Shuster, J. STA
Kepner, J.
Bjorndal, K. ZOO
Bolten, A.
McEdward, L. ZOO


NASA
US Army

NIH
US DOE

US DOE

US DOE
US Air Force
US Air Force

US DOE


US DOE

US DOE

US DOJJ


NIH


US DOC


NSF


Miscellaneous......$10,500
Alladi, K. MAT Miscellaneous Donors
Hollinger, R. SOC Multiple Sources


Grants


42,584 Global, multi-waveband model of the zodiacal cloud.

8,000 High abundance in luminous quasars: a test case.
2,500 Florida space grant consortium training grant-non-UF recipients.

129,000 Training: national resource center, foreign language, and area
studies fellowships.
75,464 Darwin chemistry.
129,493 Design and use of methods for peptide secretion studies.
100,000 Affinity interactions in capillary separations.
20,000 Advance carbon nanotube membrane DOE direct methanol fuel cell.

19,200 An NSF-CNRS cooperative research project between the
University of Florida & the University of Nantes.
45,000 Carbon species as possible carriers of the UIRS.
11,500 The effects of symmetrical and asymmetrical hearing loss on
speech-perception in noise.
4,359 Asset and health dynamics among the oldest old.
215,000 Task B: research in theoretical & experimental elementary particle
physics.
41,000 Task S: computer acquisition for research in theoretical and
experimental high energy physics.
59,000 Charge dynamics in high energy density matter.
72,250 Nanoscale devices & novel engineered materials.
138,963 Nanoscale devices & novel engineered materials.

151,000 Task H: experimental research in collider physics at CDF

341,500 Task G: experimental research in collider physics at CMS.

285,000 Research in theoretical elementary particle physics.


138,439 The transfer of juveniles to criminal court study.

1,776,904 Pediatric oncology group statistical office.


5,500 Evaluate effects of Hurricane Floyd on productivity in grazed and
ungrazed seagrass plots.
107,376 Facultative feedings by planktotrophic larvae of echinoids.


8,000 Support of research & education in applied mathematics.
2,500 Security research project.


on of Sponsored Research) March 2000 Total: $4,098,511

Award Title

3,750 Center for Research on Women's Health.
51,550 Contract for the preliminary design of CANARI-cam for the Gran
Telescopio Canarias.
14,500 Journal of Chemical Ecology/Plenum Publishers fund.

60,000 New methods for the synthesis and production of fluorinated
paracyclophones.
900 Compounds for biological screening.
3,045 ACS editorialship.
29,234 Cloning and hetrologous expression of potential ketone reductases
from saccharomyces cerevisiae.
6,000 Miscellaneous donors-unrestricted donation.


CHE
CHE
CHE









Book Beat


Recent publications from CLAS faculty


A Concise Grammar of Mandarin
Chinese
Chauncey Chu (African and Asian
Languages and Literatures)
Wunan Press

(author's translation from book jacket)
This is a bilingual grammar for teach-
ers and students of Chinese as a
foreign language. It aims at a clear
and easy-to-understand explanation
of how the
modern
Mandarin
works as a (g
system. It AL Ni .' Iu A MAR
tries to stay MANfAKI N :NI IN
away from ,. .
the techni- M."
cal termi-
nology of
linguistics,
but incor-
porates as
much of the
findings of
recent cognitive and functional re-
search as possible. Though based on
a comparison between Chinese and
English, this book states the similari-
ties between the two languages only in
an outline format, but it discusses in a
greater length the differences between
them and attempts an explanation
wherever possible. The focus is on
the functions of the structures rather
than on what form a structure takes
and what rules to follow.


True to Her Nature: Changing Ad-
vice to American Women
Maxine L. Margolis (Anthropology)
Waveland Press

(from cover)
From colonial times to the present, ad-
vice givers from Cotton Mather to Dr.
Benjamin Spock and Martha Stewart
have offered a litany of opinions on
proper child care and good house-
keeping. Drawing on sermons, child-
rearing manuals, and women's maga-


zines, Maxine L. Margolis explores
changing ideologies about middle-
class women's roles and asserts they
can only be explained within a larger
material context. Variables such as
household vs. industrial production,
the demand or lack of demand for
women's labor, and the changing costs
and benefits of rearing children have
been instrumental in influencing views
of women's "true nature" and "proper
place."
This provocative and persuasive
analysis suggests there are well-de-
fined mate-
rial causes
for attitudes
toward
women's
employ-
ment and
housework,
chang-
ing advice
on child
rearing-in-
cluding the
"discovery"
that fathers
are parents
too-and the rebirth of feminism.

(excerpt)
The image of "house beautiful" de-
picted by women's domestic advisors
from the 1920s through the 1960s,
an archetype that took a full-time
homemaker's presence for granted,
did not begin to crack until the early
1970s, an era when more than half of
all married women were employed.
The lofty standards necessary to keep
homes beautiful-standards that had
been touted for decades-began to
succumb to the burden of the double
day. Women now held two jobs-one
at work and one at home-and no
longer needed advice on how to stay
busy. As such, for the first time since
industrialization, homemaking was no
longer a full-time career for a majority
of married middle-class women.


Contemporary Perspectives on


Family Research
Constance L. Shehan (Sociology),
Volume Editor
JAI

(editor's
summary)
In the social
scientific
study of
families,
parent-child
relation-
ships have
been exam-
ined primar-
ily from the
parents'
perspective.
Emphasis has been given to such is-
sues as the rewards parents seek, and
the costs they accrue, in child bearing
and child rearing, and the impact of
children on the parental relationship.
Even socialization-one of the few re-
search areas in which children's lives
have taken center stage-has been
examined as an adult-directed process
in which the young conform to parental
instructions. Thus, as Barrie Thorne
observed more than a decade ago,
our understanding of children's lives is
filtered through adult viewpoints and
priorities. In this volume, we chal-
lenge family scholars to reframe their
perspectives on children's lived experi-
ences in families by presenting studies
which regard children as complex
actors and creators of family culture.
Topics include: children's involve-
ment in family conflict resolution and
communication processes; children as
paid and unpaid family workers, wage
earners and consumers; children's ac-
cess to household resources; chil-
dren's relationships with same-genera-
tion family members; children's goals
for and satisfaction with family life; and
children's use of time.





Musings, continued from page 1
this same combination of private and state
support. Peabody Hall was also renovated
using state funds. And we are hopeful that
someone will soon step forward to help
with Newell Hall, the one major historic
UF building yet to be restored.
Kay Ustler gives back to UF for all the
right reasons. As a graduate of Arts & Sci-
ences (Sociology, 1961), she came to love
this university and today still believes in it
deeply. She feels it important that alumni
show their support, and she hopes to serve
as an example to others. It also helped that
Kay is a strong proponent of historic pres-
ervation, not only at UF, but also in her
own Orlando area. As Florida continues
its hectic growth, it is vital that the key ele-
ments of our history be preserved for those
who will increasingly value them.
I would also like to recognize two other
women who have played key roles in
restoring the Women's Gym. Kim Tanzer,
a faculty member in architecture, helped
create (along with Caroline Constant) the
renovation model and has worked tire-
lessly to demonstrate the exciting ideas
incorporated into the new design. Kim has
never hesitated to go on the road with us to
discuss the plans with potential donors. I
am grateful for her critical presence in this
project. And Joan Ruffier, current presi-
dent of the University of Florida Foun-
dation (the first woman to serve in that
capacity), has been a strong supporter of
the Women's Gym renovation, to the point
that she called it a "must-fund" project.
Indeed, she was very important in helping
us reach Kay Ustler with the idea. To Kim
and Joan, many thanks for helping make
this dream a reality.
But there is no question about who will
be at the top of the CLAS holiday card list
this year-Kay Ustler. I am very pleased
that a woman has made this happen, and
when that woman is as gracious and caring
about this university as Kay is, it com-
pounds the pleasure and satisfaction. She
has preserved an important part of UF
history and provides us with a working
building that will affect students long into
the future. We all owe her a great debt for
her vision and generosity.
Thanks, Kay, for being that special
someone.




Will Harrison,
Dean



A Note From the Chair

Allan F Burns, Anthropology

A anthropology at Florida is a young program;
the first anthropology Ph.D. was granted in
1972, and the dream of the first anthropolo-
gists in the department was to make a program that
was theoretically strong but practical just the same.
I remember meeting one of these pioneers, Charles
Fairbanks, who put our program on the map by do-
ing the first archaeological field studies of enslaved
people's homes in the plantation South.
Anthropologists enjoy being in the field; maybe they
dream better there. Faculty in our department do
field work in Honduras, excavate archaeological sites
in Africa, study Cameroon cities with new literacy
programs, and explore monkey habitats in Suriname.
Whether we specialize in the subfields of the discipline, namely linguistics, archaeology,


[One] reason our

department flourish-

es is that it counts

on the help of col-

leagues around

campus, including

those at the Florida

Museum of Natural

History, the Center

for Latin American

Studies, and the

African Studies

Center


and biological and cultural anthropology, or do applied
projects, we are attracted to primary data gathered in
the field. As a result, our graduate students take a long
time to finish-a doctorate in anthropology can include
up to three years of field work.
But today the field is not always found in far
covers of the world. Forensic anthropologists in the
Maples Center are on-call to Bosnia, to locations of
disasters in the Americas, and also to sites of un-
solved murders here in Florida. Next year a molecular
genetics scholar is joining the department to work on
questions of migration and ancient diseases. We are
building expertise in GIS, in Diaspora studies, and in
medical anthropology. Sometimes the field for these
areas is a UF laboratory and other times it is a dusty
archive here or afar. Students are attracted to anthro-
pology courses because they can do fieldwork as part
of their coursework. Summer exchange programs in
Italy and Mexico, archaeological digs in Peru, and
local oral history projects are ways that our students
practice anthropology while they learn it.
Several highly rated departments around the country
have split apart through rancorous arguments about
whether anthropology is a science or an art, whether
it should include one, two, or no subfields, or whether


it should be applied or theoretical. Meanwhile ours has become a top ten program by


putting our energies into teaching and field
research activities that pay off. Another
reason our department flourishes is that it
counts on the help of colleagues around
campus, including those at the Florida
Museum of Natural History, the Center for
Latin American Studies, and the African
Studies Center.
I was asked to be on a panel at our national
meeting next year tied, "Dreams of De-
partment Chairs." I must confess that the
nightmares that confront many departments
are not to be found here. Here we dream of
the field. k


.*i UNIVERSITY OF

FLORIDA
CLASnotes is published monthly by the College
of Liberal Arts and Sciences to inform faculty
and staff of current research and events.


Dean:
Editor:
Contr. Editor:
Graphics:
Copy Editor:


Will Harrison
M. Jane Gibson
John Elderkin
Jane Dominguez
Bill Hardwig