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Title: CLAS notes the monthly news publication of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- College of Arts and Sciences
Publisher: College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Creation Date: January 2000
Frequency: monthly
regular
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Subjects / Keywords: Education, humanistic -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
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General Note: Subtitle varies; some numbers issued without subtitle.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 2, no. 11 (Nov. 1988); title from caption.
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Holding Location: George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
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oclc - 28575488
notis - AJN0714
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Table of Contents
    Main
        Page 1
    Around the college
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Grants awarded through Division of Sponsored Research
        Page 10
    Book beat
        Page 11
    A note from the chair
        Page 12
Full Text

January 2000


The 21st Century
A Florida Opportunity
While an accurate count may show this
to be only the last year of the 20th century,
the world generally accepts that we are
already in the 21st. No matter, all time
measurement is arbitrary, so this is as
good a dividing mark as any. Our focus
should rather be on where UF and CLAS
are heading at this new temporal reference
point.
We best get started if we are to make
something out of the new century. They
are not nearly as long as when I was a kid.
Growing up in the 1940s, the year 2000
was too far away to even imagine. But
one's perspective changes with age. After
all, I have already lived through more than
60% of a century. These things fly by
quickly. Long ago, an old man who lived
by us in Illinois told me that as a small
child he had seen Mr. Lincoln. I laughed
at the time, but doing the simple math
showed that it was at least possible. A
century can slip by pretty fast.
The University of Florida is still a rela-
tive newcomer among American univer-
sities as it nears the end of its own first
century. Oh, I know that the UF seal lists
1853 as our beginning, but that's a politi-
cal date. UF had its real beginning about
95 years ago when Gainesville's offer of
free water and lots of available land made
this the home of future Gators. It was a
most propitious decision. UF has since
made incredible strides in its opening cen-
tury, achieving first regional, then national,
and now international stature.
This is a very fine university, but it is
not yet a great university. Some people
throw around the word "great" a bit
loosely. If we mistakenly define ourselves
as already having reached the pinnacle,
there remains less of a collective driving
force to press ahead. We need to measure
ourselves against the best AAU public
schools, realistically and unblinking, in
See Musings, page 12


CLASnotes

Vol. 14 The University of Florida College of Liberal Arts and Sciences No. 1



What's All This About GIS?
Geographic Information Systems popular across the disciplines
An interview with CLAS geographer Mike Binford
P physical geographer and landscape c -. .. / Alike
Binford uses remote sensing and geographic
information systems (GIS) techniques to explore
how environmental change interacts with human culture.
Binford came to the UF Department of Geography from
Harvard in 1997, but he is no newcomer to Gainesville.
Binford worked at the University of Florida Natural His-
tory Museum from 1980-1986, during which time he met
and married his wife, Mary Lowry-Binford, and had two
daughters.


Cn: Geographic Information Systems
(GIS) seems to be a common buzzword
these days on campus in a wide range of
fields from ecology to business develop-
ment. What are GIS?
MB: Everyone is familiar with word
processing, and most people are now
familiar with image processing-using
Photoshop for example. It's the same con-
cept with GIS, except rather than text and
pictures, GIS are the hardware, software,
and methods for processing, storing and
handling spatial data; for manipulating and
analyzing those data; and for displaying
the data in ways that communicate with
other people. Some people call it a "higher
order map."

Cn: Where do the spatial data come
from?
MB: Many places, including gathering
the data oneself, federal and state agen-
cies responsible for land management and
geological and biological surveys, and
private sources. One of the most useful
and inexpensive sources is from satellite
remote sensing, where sensors on orbiting
satellites measure the reflection from the
earth's surface of different wavelengths of
the electromagnetic spectrum. These data
can be used to form a digital image that
GIS people use to interpret surface cover,
including types of vegetation and bodies of
water.


Cn: But you can use GIS without a satel-
lite?
MB: Without a satellite and without a
computer even. A student I had a couple
of years ago in a GIS class told me that
his father owned and managed a restau-
rant in Chicago for years. He'd talk to his
customers and find out where they lived
and he'd go back and put a pin in a map he
had of the city. After awhile, he had sev-
eral hundred pins in the map...so he knew
which neighborhoods were already sup-
portive and which he might want to market
to. That's an application of a GIS -a way
of storing, handling, analyzing and display-
ing data.
But computerization makes one able to
handle enormous amounts of data, like the
census bureau data, which contain, among
other things, population counts for census
tracts, statistics on economic conditions
within the tracts, and all the roads of the
United States.

Cn: What are some of the most common
uses for GIS techniques?
MB: GIS can be used to monitor things
See GIS, page 6


This month's focus: Geography










Around the College


DEPARTMENTS
African and Asian Languages and Literatures
Chauncey Chu delivered a keynote lecture "Change and Conti-
nuity: Between Moder and Classical Chinese" and presented an
invited paper "Cognitive-Functional Grammar and its Implica-
tions for TCF" at the International Conference on Chinese Lan-
guage Teaching and Learning held Oct. 15-17, 1999 at Columbia
University, New York.

Haig Der-Houssikian was invited by the US Department of
Education to participate on a panel in Washington, DC to review
grant applications for the Undergraduate International Studies and
Foreign Language Program, December 5-10, 1999.

Anthropology
Marvin Harris' chapter entitled "Science, Objectivity and
Morality" and Paul Magnarella's chapter entitled "Human
Materialism: A Paradigm for Analyzing Sociocultural Systems
and Understanding Human Behavior" appeared in Anthropology
Theory in North America (1999). The volume, sponsored by the
International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sci-
ences, documents contemporary theoretical developments.

Anita Spring was invited to Bonn, Germany for the Confer-
ence on Women Farmers: Enhancing Productivity, August 25-26,
sponsored by the Universities of Bonn and Hohenheim and Tufts
University (Boston). She presented a paper on 'The Positive
Effects of Agricultural Commercialization on Women Farmers."
On November 4-6, Spring was invited to the University of Texas
at Arlington to present a paper on "African Women Entreprenu-
ers" for a conference on black business in Africa and the United
States. She also was elected the State of Florida co-chair for the
National Summit on Africa and organized a session at the US-Af-
rica Trade Symposium in Orlando on August 9.

Dial Center for Written and Oral Communication
Ed Kellerman published an article entitled "Cultural Factors and
Internal Antecedents of the 1997 Asian Economic Crisis" in the
Fall 1999 issue of the Multinational Business Review. An earlier
version was presented at the Northeast Regional conference of the
Academy of International Business in July at Temple University.
The article and presentation examined cultural factors that led
to risky business practices that caused the 1997 Asian economic
crash.


English
Amitava Kumar recently presented a paper entitled "Nostalgia
for Immigrant Futures" at the American Studies Association an-
nual meeting in Montreal.

Phil Wegner's essay "Horizons, Figures, and Machines: The Dia-
lectic of Utopia in the Work of Fredric Jameson" won the Battisti
Award for the best essay published in Utopian Studies in 1998.


New Lab in Zoology Combines
Computers and Evolution
The completion of Zoology's W
new computer teaching lab
(constructed on the site of
an old faculty laboratory on
the sixth floor of Carr Hall)
allows zoology students to
work closely with profes- f-
sors to, among other things,
put morphological data or
gene sequences into their
phylogenetic trees. "Using
the professional-quality pro-
gram PAUP (Phylogenetic
Analysis Using Parsimony),"
said department chair Jane
Brockmann, "students can
simulate the evolutionary
process, construct trees and
learn how organisms are related." Pictured above: zoology
professor Larry McEdward assisting students in the new lab.


Stephen M. Golant received a Fulbright Award to study the
factors influencing the future growth of assisted living facilities
in Canada and, in particular, British Columbia. During Spring
2000, he will be located at Simon Fraser University's Gerontol-
ogy Research Centre (directed by Dr. Gloria Gutman) in Vancou-
ver, British Columbia. His graduate seminar will examine the
strengths and weaknesses of the assisted housing alternative for
frail, elderly Canadians.

Mathematics
Krishnaswami Alladi visited China during November 19-27,
1999 to lecture on his research in the theory of partitions at the
Mathematics Institute Academia Sinica, Peking University, the
Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics in
Beijing, and at Jaiotong and Tongji Universities in Shanghai.

Kevin Keating gave an invited talk in the special session on Al-
gebraic Geometry at the American Mathematical Society meeting
in Charlotte, in October.

Helmut Voelklein spent Fall 1999 as a visiting professor at the
Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI) in Berkeley.
There he organized and was lead speaker in a workshop on "Con-
structive Galois Theory," which attracted leading experts from
USA, Europe, and Japan. Other participants from UF were profes-
sors Chat Ho and Pham Tiep, and graduate students Viswanath
Krishnamoorthy and Tony Shaska.

Romance Languages and Literatures
Sylvie Blum presented a paper "Comment enseigner le cinema
colonial et post-colonial francophone A des non-sp6cialistes" for
the Women in French table ronde on Francophonie, at PAMLA,
Portland State University, Portland, Oregon, November 6th, 1999.


Geography












Button Receives Humanitarian Award
In November, Jim Button (Political Science) was pre-
sented with one of five 1999 UF President's Humanitarian
Awards (the awards go to a volunteer in the Gainesville
community, as well as a UF student, staff member and
professor).
'The people who win never expect to be recognized for
what they do," said awards committee chair and Assistant
Director of Student Activities Beth Waltrip in the Novem-
ber 29 Alligator. She said the award highlights volunteers
who give their time to perform great acts of kindness.
Button, who primarily writes and teaches about the
politics of a multicultural and multi-racial society, served
on the Alachua County Poverty Board, has co-directed a
program to feed the homeless people of Gainesville, and
has testified in court on several cases of discrimination
against African
Americans. In
addition, Button's
course "Cultural
Diversity in the
US" deals with the
specific problems
American mi-
norities commonly
face. He explored
the issue of gay and
lesbian discrimina-
tion in his 1997
book Private Lives,
Public Conflicts:
Ptle C ovner Gfl : Interim Provost David Colburn (history,
Battles over Gay tight) presented Jim Button (Political
Rights in Com- Science, left) with a 1999 President's
munities, which he Humanitarian Award in November.
co-authored with
Barbara Rienzo (Health Science Education) and Ken
Wald (Political Science).
"[Jim] achieves as a teacher exactly what he achieves
as a scholar: real change in the way people think about
living in a diverse society by way of his skilled applica-
tion of social science and humanitarian compassion to
complex social issues," said Political Science chair Les
Thiele. "Both his peers and his students have consistently
recognized his accomplishments and his devotion."

Greek Studies Symposium in February
The Center for Greek Studies is holding its 20th Anni-
versary Celebration Symposium on February 18-19, 2000
at the Reitz Union. The opening banquet (reservations
required) and address are at 7:00 p.m. on Friday. Paper
sessions and luncheon (reservations required) and address
are on Saturday, 9:00 a.m.-4:30 p.m. Paper sessions are
free and open to the public. For full information, contact
Karelisa Hartigan at 392-2075 x265 or Leo Polopolus at
392-1845 x416.


Around the College

CLAS Holiday Open House at the Keene Center


On December 7,
CLAS faculty and
staff gathered
in the Keene I
Faculty Center
to celebrate the
holidays. Sandy
Gagnon (right)
(Mathematics
office manager)
enjoys the buffet. To view more pictures of the well-attended
gathering see .





Seeking Preview Faculty Advisors
The summer orientation program, PREVIEW, is seeking
enthusiastic faculty members from all disciplines to work
as advisors during May, June and July for our new fresh-
men and transfer students. Interested faculty are encouraged
to attend an information session to find out more about the
PREVIEW program, including the time commitment and
compensation for faculty advisors.

Interested faculty may attend any one of the following
information sessions:
Thursday, January 20, 2000, at 4:05 p.m. (9th Period)
Monday, January 24, 2000, at 10:40 a.m. (4th Period)
Wednesday, January 26, 2000, at 5:10 p.m. (10t Period)
Tuesday, February 1, 2000, at 9:35 a.m. (3rd Period)

All sessions will be held in Room 200 of the Academic Ad-
vising Center (across from the Recreation Center and Dining
Services on Fletcher Drive).

For more information, call 392-1521.






Correction:
In the December issue of CLASnotes, Jim Winefordner should have been
identified as a chemistry department graduate research professor rather
than a professor emeritus.









Computing in 2000


The good news and the bad news about Windows
from Jack Sabin, CLAS director of information resources & technological programs


HE FOLLOWING
APPLIES TO PC
USERS ONLY! Mac
users please move on to the
next article.
Over the past few years,
Windows 95 has become the
predominant operating system
for desktop and laptop personal
computers in the College. It
provides a reasonably friendly
and stable platform for use in
the applications most common-
ly run by College faculty, staff,
and students. The bad news is
that, as of the first of this year,
Microsoft discontinued licens-
ing Windows 95.
In the quickly evolving technol-
ogy world, operating systems
are continually evolving. Pro-
grammers are constantly writ-
ing new applications and engi-
neers are constantly designing
new hardware. Unfortunately,
more and more new hardware
is not shipped with Windows
95 drivers. This lack of support
for the Windows 95 operating
system will only worsen with
the release of Windows 2000.
Most PC vendors no longer
ship Windows 95 at all, instead
offering either Windows 98
or Windows NT Workstation.
These two newer operating sys-
tems, both with user interfaces
similar to that of Windows 95,
are intended for use in differ-
ent environments: 98 for stand
alone or home use, and NT for
networked office use.
Since the College buys ma-
chines with a preloaded operat-
ing system, we've debated what
to order now that we can no
longer get Windows 95 prein-
stalled.
Numerous intra-college tests


have proven Windows 98
(original and SE/second edi-
tion) to be unstable on our
College network. This is most
likely due to the wide variety
of software programs and
networking that on-campus
computers must support. As
mentioned above, Windows 98
is designed as a home operating
system (i.e., dialup and games),
and does not appear suitable
for a large office environment
such as we have in the College.
Thus, we have decided to order
NT Workstation instead of
Windows 98 as the preinstalled
operating system for future
College PC purchases.
Though I know many people
would rather wait for Windows
2000 (expected deployment
summer 2000), a purchase of
Windows NT Workstation from
most vendors will include a free
upgrade coupon for Windows
2000. Any "best system" argu-
ments aside, Windows 2000 is
most likely to be the predomi-
nant OS in the next year, and,
as you can infer, Windows 2000
looks more like NT than Win-


dows 98. Actually, Windows
NT Workstation's user interface
is very similar to Windows 95
(even more so than Windows
98). As a result, there should
be little retraining required for
the faculty and staff using these
computers. There will be some
differences for the College
system administrators, but this
alternative should be easier to
support in the long run. Jack Sabin
If you have any questions or
concerns about the switch to
Windows NT and subsequent
upgrade to Windows 2000,
please contact me or check
out the Computing link on the
CLAS home page.


*Note: While Windows NT
does not support USB devices,
WINDOWS 2000 will. Con-
,,, r i the minimal number
of USB devices connected to
PCs on campus at this time, we
do not feel that this is a major
shortcoming.%









New Face in CLASnet

Lee Whitten was recently hired as a new computer
support analyst for the Networked Writing Environ-
ment (NWE). Her job duties include maintaining
the Sun/IBM IMAGE lab and maintaining the IBM
Networked Writing Environment labs.









Mapping Populations

New geography professor Joshua Comenetz seeks way to
accurately map population distributions


New UF geography professor
Joshua Comenetz wants to make
maps more accurate. "One of my
special interests is addressing problems of
accuracy on maps, particularly population
maps. I'm looking for ways to indicate
data quality problems such as undercount-
ing or lack of pertinent information on a
map during the map-making process."
Comenetz, who earned his PhD from the
University of Minnesota last year, joined
the CLAS faculty this fall. During his doc-
toral study, he worked as a cartographer for
the Institute on Race and Poverty (IRP) at
the University of Minnesota Law School.
'This work required that I create accurate
and detailed maps that included ethnic and
economic data. But they also had to be
easily understandable, since the primary
audiences were lawyers and community
groups," Comenetz explains. He continues
to serve as a cartographic advisor for IRP.
Since his arrival at UF, Comenetz has
focused on the complications involved in
mapping population distribution. Typi-
cally, geographers map populations by
using sources such as the census, surveys,
public opinion polls, telephone directo-
ries, and the internet. But because these
sources rarely include religious
data, current knowledge of the c
distribution of religious groups
around the country is limited.
Comenetz is addressing this
problem by focusing on the
American Jewish population.
'There are two questions that
must be addressed. First, how
many people are there? And
second, where are they?" he
says. "A great deal of popula-
tion data exists, but there has
been almost no distribution map-
ping. So we are going to try to
improve on that."
'The American census doesn't
address religion, and when
religious surveys are done, they
tend to focus on urban areas.
But I'm interested in seeing
the broader picture of distribu- of U
tion across the country," says dres
Comenetz. The Jewish popula-


tion offers unique advantages as a starting
point for his work. 'They are of particular
interest because the number of sources
and the history and quantity of data are
quite extensive," he says of local surveys
conducted by Jewish service and charitable
organizations, synagogue records, and
national affiliation studies that can be used
as resources.
Comenetz is also able to put clues together
using traditional records. 'For example,"
he says, "if library archives refer to areas
where Russian and Hebrew are spoken,
you can find where those people are and
begin there." And Comenetz also plans to
use the Canadian census-which, unlike
its US counterpart, does collect religious
information-as a model and basis for
comparison with his work.
Once the data is collected, the issue of how
best to interpret and represent it remains.
Comenetz, whose work with census data
impressed upon him the need to clarify
large amounts of information, consid-
ers this his great challenge. "I'm trying
to think of different and more interesting
ways of designing maps. That could mean
symbols, colors, placement of type, or lay-
ers of information. Anything which makes


the patterns clear
and the maps
readable.
'The fact is,"
Comenetz contin-
ues, "sometimes
map-makers
lose sight of the
fact that maps
are made for
are made for New geography professor
people who are Joshua Comenetz
not geographers.
Biologists or
physicists may only need to communicate
with each other, but geographers must
produce things that can communicate with
anybody."
Comenetz hopes that increasing the read-
ability of his maps will also increase their
usefulness. In particular, he wants his
work to assist in providing community
services and charity to people who might
otherwise go uncounted or unrecorded.
"We can't help these people until we know
where they are," he says.%
-John Elderkin


mI Pr4.jr. IMIo
"~ tt rawql. -I n;|q


I --.- .

ing information easy to read and understand is one of Comenetz's primary concerns. This Origins
F Students map (for color version, see ) ad-
ses both population and distribution variables over time.










G IS, continued from page 1

like population growth, deforestation,
fluctuations in bodies of water, etc. We can
model environmental systems in a spatially
explicit manner, and test hypotheses about
spatial relationships between similar and
dissimilar variables. We can examine how
the land's surface has changed over time.
Since satellite remote
sensing has been com- F
mercially available
for 25 years, we can
compare current im-
ages with earlier ones
to assess how things
have changed, and use
the information to test
ideas about landscape
dynamics.
So GIS is in demand
in many disciplines, Mike Binford collect
including geography, tion data for studies
ecology and envi- Tiwanaku valley nea
ronmental science,
landscape architecture
and anthropology. In another example,
my colleague Grant Thrall (Geography) is
interested in business applications of GIS.
His students have graduated and gone
on to work for people like Blockbuster
Entertainment, searching for the next best
place for another Blockbuster outlet. They
use GIS data from the census bureau on
each voting districts' average income and
overlay this with the road network. You
can easily calculate driving distances from
every desirable point to find the best loca-
tion.

Cn: How do landscape ecologists like you
use GIS to gauge human impact on the
land?
MB: For one example, you wouldn't
want to put a housing development on a
steep slope or on a place that's a recharge
area for an aquifer, and that's where GIS
and remote sensing can contribute to
planning. With a good inventory of the
landscape-maps of soils, vegetation and
topography-you can undertake suitability
analyses based on a number of criteria de-
fined ahead of time, and then you can sort
through the system and find out where the
suitable, capable places are. You can take
it further and use GIS to model the systems
to answer hypothetical questions... If so


much material is dumped on the land
over here, and it migrates through the soil
and the aquifer at such and such a rate,
how fast will it come up over there? Or,
how will changing the infiltration capac-
ity of the soil's surface-by converting a
forest into a parking lot say-affect the
streamflow
downstream,
especially dur-
ing periods of
flood?


ts unobstructed GPS loca-
of land cover in the Rio
r Lake Titicaca in Bolivia.


Cn: Who
solicits these
suitability
studies? Are
developers
required to
seek out such
studies?
MB: The


EPA has
requirements
that you be able to show that whatever
activity you're carrying out will not add
to the pollutant load of streams, or you
must have a permit for that pollutant
load. They've been working on some
GIS-based models-one called BASINS
and a few others-and while none is
required by law yet, it speeds the per-
mitting process to go through and show
your proposal has minimal impact on the
stream downhill.
Who's requesting GIS? Anybody with
interests in the Earth's surface. A lot of
environmental organizations [Binford has
worked with the Nature Conservancy in
California], governmental organizations
like the Departments of Defense, Inte-
rior, Transportation, and other agencies
that manage areas of land; research units
of the EPA, NOAA, USGS; many state
agencies such as the water management
districts in Florida and agriculture depart-
ments in many states; urban and regional
planners, and others.
And it's effective, cheap technology,
and so inexpensive that GIS is also
increasingly used by indigenous groups
or informal settlements in developing
countries-many times assisted by a non-
governmental organization (NGOs)-to
map their territories. When these groups


are challenged by a government or a group
of people who want to move into an area,
if they have well-done maps, very often
they'll prevail over the challenge because
nobody else has the spatial data on where
those boundaries are. GIS are wonder-
ful systems for displaying boundaries and
producing good maps that are convincing
to other groups of people.
In fact, Janis Alcorn with World Wildlife
Fund has done a study that includes well
over a hundred different cases where map-
ping helped defend indigenous people.

Cn: What do most of your students with
GIS experience do after graduation?
MB: Some go to graduate school, but
many work for state or federal government,
or for engineering and environmental
consulting firms. One this year is going
on to the Peace Corps, many work for
water management or planning agencies,
and some go on to use GIS in the business
world.

Cn: With so many disciplines on campus
using GIS, are you coordinating efforts
with other units outside ofCLAS?
MB: Yes. We worked together with
Scot Smith of the Geomatics group in
Civil Engineering, Paul Zwick of Urban
and Regional Planning, Mark Brown of
Environmental Engineering, Tony Shih
of Agricultural and Biological Engineer-
ing, and Loukas Arvanitis of the School
of Forest Resources and Conservation,
to coordinate UF's new interdisciplinary
concentration in GIS [now approved]. MA
and PhD students in colleges all over UF
are able to pursue a five-course concentra-
tion in GIS, which requires training in GIS,
remote sensing and spatial statistics both
inside and outside of their fields.
The utility of GIS is so widespread-all
these different units need it and use it.
If you were to limit GIS teaching and
research to any one unit it would be even
worse than limiting spreadsheet use to ac-
counting [laughs]... or word processor use
to English.
-Jane Gibson









Reaching Out to the Community

Internship program one of several new developments at the 3 3* S
Center for Jewish Studies ..


As senior Jewish studies
major Beth Rosenberg
approached her final
semester at UF, she anxiously
contemplated her career options
after graduation. Specifically,
she worried that her lack of
experience would hamper her
ability to find a suitable area
of specialization within her
chosen field of social work.
So when UF Center for Jew-
ish Studies (CJS) director and
political science professor Ken
Wald invited her to participate
in the Center's new internship
program as a nursing home
volunteer, she gladly accepted.
"I feel very fortunate," says


One of the first participants in
the Center for Jewish Studies'
new internship program, se-
nior Beth Rosenberg clarified
her career goals by volunteer-
ing at a Jacksonville nursing
home.


Rosenberg. \ ly internship
confirmed that I did want to
pursue social work, particularly
with senior citizens."
Rosenberg is one of approxi-
mately ten students who will
participate in the service-ori-
ented internships this year,
and Wald believes her posi-
tive experience will typify the
program. 'The idea behind the
internships is to make course-


work relevant in the lives of
our students, whether they plan
to continue with academics or
begin outside careers," he says.
"In Beth's case, her participa-
tion opened a career option
that's close to her heart."
CJS interns receive one hour of
academic credit for every three
weekly hours of scheduled
service. In addition to meeting
the expectations of an intern
supervisor, they must also issue
an end-of-semester report to the
Center.
But academic credit is not the
prime motivation for students
interested in the program. Matt
Fieldman, a senior psychology
major who will be interning
at the America-Israel Public
Affairs Committee's February
conference at UF, says, "Being
a leader in the Jewish com-
munity is a fun, educational,
and rewarding experience. I
jumped at the chance to do
this."
Wald is also pleased that the
internship program offers stu-
dents an opportunity to become
acquainted with local Jewish
residents and institutions that
might otherwise go unappre-
ciated. 'The program helps
them discover the rich, active
world of Jewish communal life
out there. Jewish newspapers,
family centers, political groups
- many students aren't aware
that these kinds of things exist."
Senior Debbie Paperman
strengthened her ties with
Gainesville's Jewish com-
munity while working on the
current Ham Museum exhibi-
tion of pre-Holocaust Eastern
Europe photographs by Roman
Vishniac. "I helped solicit
and obtain material from local
residents to add to the exhibit,"
says Paperman. The collected


photographs, printed stories,
and mementos are being used
to create a Memory Wall and
open notebook in remembrance
of ancestors who died in the
Holocaust.
Wald says the most gratifying
aspect of the new internship
program comes with encour-
aging his students' hunger to
serve. "For many students, the
mitzvah, a commandment to go
out and heal the world, is one
of the most appealing aspects
of Judaism," he explains. 'Our
internships can facilitate that
desire."
Rosenberg, for example, spent
several days a week working
with senior citizens at Jew-
ish Family and Community
Services in Jacksonville. \ ly
internship had several dimen-
sions," she says. "I visited
regularly with women mak-
ing the transition to life in a
nursing home, and I met with a
'Lunch Bunch' of 8-10 seniors
several times per month. I
also gathered information from
spiritual healing centers across
the country and helped organize
the Jewish Healing Network in
Jacksonville."
The new focus on internships
is just one part of an ongoing
reinvention of the Center for
Jewish Studies. The Center


Ken Wald, Director
Center for Jewish Studies


also promotes a study abroad
program in Israel, sponsors an
annual series of lectures and
programs, and offers both an
undergraduate major and minor.
And the CJS recently acquired
an extraordinary resource, the
Jewish Heritage Video Col-
lection (JHVC). The collec-
tion contains over 200 films
and television programs from
around the world. "An incred-
ible range of the Jewish experi-
ence is covered. The collection
crosses many disciplines," says
Wald, "so its applications are
nearly endless. Entire courses
can be taught using the collec-
tion, or individual films can be
shown in specific classes."
The collection includes an
impressive range of film history
- from mainstream Holly-
wood releases such as Private
Benjamin, to art-house pro-


See Jewish Studies, page 9



"For many students, the mitzvah, a
commandment to go out and heal the
world, is one of the most appealing
aspects of Judaism. Our internships
can facilitate that desire."
-Ken Wald, Director, Jewish Studies









Rivers and Society

By Joann Mossa, Department of Geogral
Rivers are critical to human civilization because they
provide fresh water, sediment, and biologic resources, and
often constitute corridors of settlement, industry, naviga-
tion, and agricultural activity. Society has an intimate relationship
with rivers as resources. This relationship is a precarious one,
however, particularly during floods when rivers and collapsing
hillsides destroy lives and property, as in the most recent tragedy
in Venezuela. Yet, when each decade seems to bring an ever-in-
creasing number of tragedies of this type, it is hard to ignore the
roles of human activity in this hazard. These roles include the
changing of land cover from forest to other uses, which increases
the magnitude of flood peaks and sediment production, and the
human settlement and development of vulnerable areas such as
floodplains.
To date, our awareness of floods and vulnerable locations has
had little effect on our actions. French explorer Jean Baptiste
Bienville's engineer, de la Tour,
warned him of flood hazards in
early 18th-century New Orleans but
was ordered to "engineer" the place
anyway. The dominant societal
notion has been one where "protec-
tion" of areas is driven by econom-
ics (cost-benefit ratios) and "solu-
tions" are engineering-driven. Yet,
efforts to "protect" against hazards
by controlling nature often backfire
by displacing damage to another
Mossa, pictured here as- location or into the future, and by
sisting in an investigation of not adequately protecting against
floodplain geomorphology on major catastrophes. Failures of

(for graduate student David artificial levees during floods on the
Howell's thesis). Upper Mississippi (1993) and the
Red River in North Dakota (1997)
are recent examples. Many of us are aware of these problems
elsewhere, but are unaware that there are over 470 properties in
the 100-year floodplain in Gainesville or that Hogtown Creek tops
its banks in a 3" rain. And while local flood-mitigation efforts
include detention/retention ponds and ownership of floodplain
properties, development in floodplains here, as elsewhere, cur-
rently requires structures and dredging as part of the "solution."
Much of my research uses geomorphic and geographic infor-
mation to investigate such issues. Geomorphic and geographic
information can facilitate development of strategies and deci-
sion-making regarding flooding and sediment problems in river
basins, as the emphasis concerns understanding river systems at
different spatial scales as well as time scales, and identifying the
causes of problems prior to recommending solutions. Geomor-
phology provides insight regarding the adjustments rivers make to
altered hydrologic conditions, and thus it is a discipline of value
to resource and hazard appraisal, planning and civil engineering.
Things might be very different from North Dakota to Venezuela--
and places in between-if geomorphic and geographic awareness
were integrated earlier.


River restoration is
another emerging appli-
cation of geomorphology.
This century has seen an
unprecedented effort to .
modify rivers, through
dams and channelization,
for flood control, naviga-
tion, water supply, andor '
hydroelectric power. i
Such changes, however,
often produce uninten-
tional effects, as in the
Kissimmee River in
central Florida. Shortly
following channelization This aerial photo of the Amite River in Loui-
for navigation and flood siana demonstrates how mining pits can
control, wading bird, promote channel instability and change.
waterfowl and fish popu-
lations were drastically
reduced. It cost about $40 million in the 1960s to channelize the
river, and will take more than $400 million and several decades
to restore just a portion of it. The ecological base of this system
rests on the physical base, namely the hydrologic and geomorphic
variations, and geomorphologists, such as myself, are document-
ing the historic character of such altered systems in an attempt to
provide restoration targets or goals.
Yet, few of our impacted rivers are currently targeted for
restoration, and thus, appropriate research involves gathering
fundamental data to discern relations between human activity
and channel response. Floodplain mining is one example: we
consume 11 tons per capital of sand and gravel annually in the
U.S. for roads and construction, much of which comes from river
deposits. Mining
promotes channel
instability as the
river diverts into
pits during floods.
Diversions change
the channel course
and bottom eleva-
tions, and accom-
panying problems -
include riparian '.
property disputes, -
Joann Mossa (third from right) leads a class field
the undermining of trip on the banks of the Suwannee River.
bridge piers, and
downstream filling
which reduces channel capacity and results in more frequent and
larger floods. Evidence of such problems is critical to modify
specific floodplain mining activities, yet related studies are also
necessary to locate alternative sites for gravel and sand outside
of floodplains. Baseline geomorphic studies are also necessary
See Rivers, page 9









Geography Staff

As Geography's senior secretary, Desiree Price (left) man-
ages graduate records and applications, handles inventory
and maintains the department's Web pages. Julia Wil-
liams (center), Geography's office manager, says her title
should actually be "stuff manager" because she does "any
stuff and all stuff that needs to be done." Carolyn Hall
(right) is the department's clerk, and she takes care of the
phones, book orders, evaluations, mail and paychecks.


Jewish Studies, continued from page 7
ductions such as Au Revoir, Les Enfants, to animated children's
specials such as The Mitzvah Machine. Purchased separately, the
JHVC would have cost hundreds of thousands of dollars, but the
Center received numerous grants to aid in the purchase, includ-
ing one from Steven
Spielberg's Righteous
(Persons Foundation.
Additional expense
was covered by a dona-
tion from UF alum-
nus Charles Ruffner
(Business Administra-
tion, '58) and his wife,
Nanette.
Wald intends to make
the JHVC avail-
able throughout the
During her CJS internship, Debbie Paper- university. He also
man collected mementos and information for plans to share the col-
the Harn Museum's Memory Wall and open election with interested
notebook (in conjunction with the Roman area public schools.
Vishniac exhibit open through March 26,
2000). 'Florida requires its
high schools to teach
Holocaust education,
so we're looking into working with them on that," he says.
'It's an exciting time for the Center," Wald continues. '"We have
so many opportunities to make a difference in people's lives."
-John Elderkin


Mark Your Calendar

University Center for Excellence in Teaching
(UCET) presents the

10th Annual Focus on Teaching
"The Teacher as Actor Workshop"

Date: Saturday, February 5, 2000
Time: 8:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Location: Gator Room, Ben Hill Griffin Stadium

A continental breakfast will be available and lunch
will be provided for pre-registered guests.

Please RSVP by February 2, 2000.
Contact Nadine at 846-1574 or e-mail nadine@
ucet.ufl.edu.








Rivers, continued from page 8
in rivers that are not yet highly impacted, because many of them
are under threat of alteration, as the Suwannee, just recently under
consideration for fresh water diversion to the Tampa area.
Geography is one of the most diverse yet holistic disciplines in
our college, in that it involves integrating natural sciences and so-
cial sciences with geographic information. Geomorphology is but
a small part of geography, yet many of us are similarly interested
in the links between the environment and society.%










Grants


(through the Division of Sponsored Research)


November 2000 Total: $1,696,433


Investigator Dept. Agency

Corporate .......... $234,680
Katritzky, A. CHE Dow Chemical Company
Katritzky, A. CHE Multiple Companies
Katritzky, A. CHE Multiple Companies
Katritzky, A. CHE Multiple Companies
Katritzky, A. CHE Novartis Crop Protection
Katritzky, A. CHE Smith Kline Beecham
Katritzky, A. CHE Solutia Inc
Schanze, K. CHE Ford Motor Company
Tucker, C. PSY Hitachi

Federal...............$1,388,245
Bartlett, R. CHE US Air Force


Holloway, P
Boncella, J.
Martin, C.

Reynolds, J.
Reynolds, J.
Reynolds, J.
Boncella, J.
Tan, W.
Zerner, M.
Mitselmakher, G.
Reitze, D.

Hebard, A.
Mitselmakher, G.
Avery, P
Sharifi, F
Sorkin, R.
Spector, A.
Carter, R.
Carter, R.
Garvan, C.
Shuster, J.
Shuster, J.
Kepner, J.


CHE US Army

CHE US Navy

CHE US Air Force
CHE US Air Force
CHE US Army

CHE US Navy
CHE US Navy
PHY NSF


PHY NSF
PHY US DOE


US Navy
US Air Force
NIH
DOE
DOH
NIH
NIH
NIH


Award Title


2,100
4,353
1,457
6,070
12,987
25,750
68,000
96,963
17,000


Dowelanco compounds agreement.
Software research support.
Software research support.
Miles compound contract.
Compound supply.
Smith Kline Beecham compound purchase agreement.
Succinimide chemistry.
Strain sensitive paint technology transfer.
Establishment of the research-based model partnership education program.


159,000 Metastable molecules in the ground and in excited states: theory development,
implementation and application.
159,866 Materials and devices for optical sources and protection of optical sensors.

87,082 Nanotubule membranes-fundamentals and applications in electrochemical
energy and stochastic sensing.
25,000 Multi-color electrochromic polymer coatings.
140,000 Controlled redox and electrical properties in polyheterocycles.
119,910 Materials and devices for optical sources and protection of optical sensors.


100,853
80,000
75,303


Ultrasensitive biosensors for molecular recognition and manipulation.
Media effect in molecular structure & spectroscopy
Methods and instruments for high-precision characterization of LIGO
optical components.


80,000 Investigation of metal-c60 interfaces and layered thin-film structures.
25,000 Task G CMS: research on elementary particle physics.


21,805
54,442
35,734
58,720
55,260
26,019
57,326
26,925


Electronically- and photonically-controlled magnetism in semi-conductors.
Assessing and improving team decision making.
High-throughput screens for assessing taste sensitivity.
Measuring gains in student achievement: a feasibility study.
Informatics-database management for Florida birth defects registry.
Project CARE (Cocaine Abuse in the Rural Environment).
Pediatric Oncology Group.
Molecular markers of prognosis in medulloblastoma.


Foundation......... $38,728
Oliver-Smith, A. ANT Inter-American Foundation
Prieto, M.
Marsiglio, W. SOC Annie Casey Foundation



Miscellaneous....$34,780
Brandt, S. ANT World Commission on Dams
Lieberman, L. ANT FL Clinical Practice Assn
Lieberman, L. ANT FL Clinical Practice Assn
Alladi, K. MAT Miscellaneous Donors
Brockmann, J. ZOO Unrestricted Donation
Chapman, L. ZOO Beinecke Memorial Scholarship
Chapman, C.


16,800 A proposal for an academic program at a US university leading to the comple-
tion of a graduate degree.
21,928 Fathers, parenting, and family processes: how they matter in adolescent devel
opment and delinquency.


7,980
11,250
3,750
3,100
1,200
7,500


Working paper on dams and cultural heritage management.
Center for Research on Women's Health.
Center for Research on Women's Health.
Support of research & education in applied mathematics.
Miscellaneous donors.
Ugandan student support.











Patterns for America: Modernism
and the Concept of Culture
Susan Hegeman (English)
Princeton University Press

(from cover)
In recent decades, historians and
social theorists have given much
thought to the concept of "culture,"
its origins in Western thought, and its
usefulness for social analysis. In this
book, Susan Hegeman focuses on the
term's history in the United States in
the first half of the twentieth century.
She shows how, during this period,
the term "culture" changed from being
a technical term associated primar-
ily with anthropology into a term of
popular usage. She shows the con-
nections between this movement of
"culture" into the mainstream and the
emergence of a distinctive "American
culture," with its own patterns, values,
and beliefs.


(excerpt)
[The] as-
sociation of
"America"
with moder-
nity itself
is...part of
modernist
mythology.
For, if the
modernity of
the Ameri-
can scene
was such a
crucial inspirational source of mod-
ernism, why did all those American
expatriates go to Paris; why would
Faulkner write about life in the rural
South; or why would Georgia O'Keefe
abandon her fascination with New
York skylines to paint in the rural envi-
rons of Taos, New Mexico?


Beyond Conventional Quantization
John R. Klauder (Physics)
Cambridge University Press

(from cover)
This text
begins with
a review of
classical me-
chanics, Hil-
bert space,
quantum
mechanics
and scalar
quantum
field theory.
Next, ana-
lytical skills
are further developed, a special class of
models is studied, and a discussion of
continuous and discontinuous perturba-
tions is presented. Later chapters cover
two further classes of models both of
which entail discontinuous perturba-
tions. The final chapter offers a brief
summary, concluding with a conjecture
regarding interacting covariant scalar
quantum field theories. Symmetry is
repeatedly used as a tool to help de-
velop solutions for simple and complex
problems alike. Challenging exercises
and detailed references are included.

(excerpt)
At present there is, in the author's opin-
ion, no satisfactory quantum theory of
self-interacting relativistic scalar fields in
four and more space-time dimensions,
and while there is no lack of attempts
there is no consensus on a satisfac-
tory theory of the quantum gravitational
field. These problems are significant
and need to be faced. It has been clear
to some workers that the methods and
confines of "conventional quantization"
techniques are inadequate to resolve
the very real irreconcilable conflicts
that arise in the usual approaches, and
consequently, an enlarged framework
is called for. The material in this text is
designed to offer one view, and a rather
conservative one at that, of just such
an enlarged viewpoint on how quantum
field theory may be formulated with an
eye to dealing with hitherto insoluble
problems.


Book Beat
Aspects of Galois Theory
H. Vl6klein, P. Muller, D. Harbater, and
J.G. Thompson (Mathematics)
Cambridge University Press

(from cover)
Galois theory is a central part of alge-
bra, dealing with symmetries between
solutions of algebraic equations in one
variable. This is a collection of papers
from the participants of a conference on
Galois Theory, and brings together ar-
ticles from some of the world's leading
experts in this field. Topics are cen-
tered around the Inverse Galois Prob-
lem, com-
prising the
full range of
methods and
approaches
in this area,
making this
an invalu-
able re-
source for all
those whose
research
involves Ga-
lois theory.

(from intro-
duction)
This volume grew out of the "UF Galois
Theory Week," a conference held at the
University of Florida, Oct. 14-18, 1996.
The conference was dedicated to the
Inverse Galois Problem. The richness
of this area stems from the fact that it
attracts people from all kinds of math-
ematical and even numerical computer
calculation to the structure and charac-
ter theory of finite simple groups and up
to the most abstract methods of alge-
braic/arithmetic geometry (like moduli
stacks). In the original spirit of Galois,
all these turn out to be just different
aspects of the same matter







Musings, continued from page 1
order to understand what is yet necessary.
Make no mistake about it, UF has done
well and is arguably among the top 20
public universities at this time. Our goal
now should be: The Top 10 by 2010.
There is no question that the State of
Florida and UF are poised to continue
their move toward greatness. The trajec-
tory is there; what's needed are resources
and leadership. Florida is rapidly growing
and could become the third largest state
in the union, although it lacks as yet the
maturity to take advantage of its size and
strength. But Florida is still young, a
frontier state in some ways. People come
here with good ideas to make things hap-
pen. Change is a constant-worrisome,
but exciting. With its rich diversity, this
state can be a laboratory for finding solu-
tions for national problems, and the Uni-
versity of Florida should play a key role
in this process. Will the state provide the
resources to educate the best of Florida's
youth, as UF has done for almost a centu-
ry, and to facilitate the extensive research
and service roles our faculty play? The
record indicates this is not a sure thing,
but the potential is there. Greatness is not
possible without resources.
Resources in and of themselves are
also not enough. They must be carefully
managed and invested by wise leadership.
To prosper over the long haul, universi-
ties need both continuity and renewal in
their leadership positions. UF now has a
perhaps unprecedented opportunity to put
in place a team of creative leaders, which
seems highly appropriate as the next
century begins. The university will select
a new president and a new provost, and
CLAS will appoint a new dean. What a
marvelous chance for this institution and
our college to move smartly ahead, build-
ing on current strengths. I am excited
about being part of a faculty that will be
both served and led by a vibrant, new
leadership team.
New directions and vision will be criti-
cal to those who succeed in the 21" cen-
tury. Florida and UF ought to be among
those setting the pace.





Will Harrison,
Dean



Nigel Smith, Department of Geog

To many, geography still represents the
rather mundane task of pinpointing capitals
on a world map or tracing mountain ranges and
rivers. But geography is far more than simply
mapping the locations of landscape features,
economic activities, or cultural attributes. At its
core, geography is concerned with explaining
how such patterns arise and in elucidating the
processes involved. In a world of increasingly


Research and
teaching under-
taken by geog-
raphy faculty
typically adopt
a holistic ap-
proach with a
cross-disciplin-
ary flavor.


complexity, one of
geography's key
contributions is
to help synthesize
data from a variety
of increasingly
specialized lines
of inquiry so that
society can better
manage natural and
cultural resources.
Thus, our depart-
ment emphasizes
advanced geography
ic technologies,
such as Geographic
Information Sys-


teams (GIS) in its research and training mission.
The fifteen geography faculty can be grouped
into four main clusters, which together help
provide a broad education for non-majors
interested in taking Gen Ed courses, as well as
specialized training for majors and graduate
students:

Land Use/Cover Change
Land use/cover change research employs re-
mote sensing and GIS techniques as a means to
help understand landscape dynamics. Research
on land use/cover change focuses on natural
resource management issues, particularly for
agriculture, and seeks to understand driving
forces, both biophysical and socioeconomic,
that are provoking changes in the vegetative
cover. Such research links with concerns about
globalization, conservation of biodiversity,
climate change, and "sustainable" development.
Faculty involved in this cluster conduct re-
search in Florida, Africa, and tropical America
and include Michael Binford, CUsar Caviedes,
Abe Goldman, Jim Sloan, and Nigel Smith.

Natural Hazards and
Watershed Dynamics
Researchers focusing on climate change,
fluvial processes, and impacts of natural haz-
ards are frequently called upon by the media
to discuss El Niho, global warming, beach
erosion, and floods. Research in this cluster has
practical applications in agriculture; planning
for natural hazards, such as El Niho events;
management of water districts; and predicting


Iraphy

energy generation
from hydroelectric
projects. Faculty
involved in this
cluster, such as
Cdsar Caviedes,
Joann Mossa, and
Peter Waylen,
are involved in
collaborative
research projects
in Florida and Latin America.

Technology Change and
Business Geography
This cluster conducts research on techno-
logical innovation in industry and its diffu-
sion; locational analysis, particularly in real
estate planning; and small-scale entrepreneur-
ial development, particularly in West Africa.
Students equipped with business GIS skills ac-
quired in our department are quickly snapped
up by government planning agencies and
major corporations. Faculty involved in this
dynamic cluster include Tim Fik, Ed Malecki,
Barbara McDade, and Grant Thrall.

Social and Cultural Geography
Research in this cluster ranges from popula-
tion geography, to the study of policy issues
related to the housing and care of the retired
population, and the cultural significance of
landscapes. Faculty in this cluster include
Joshua Comenetz, Stephen Golant, and Ary
Lamme.
Research and teaching undertaken by ge-
ography faculty typically adopt a holistic ap-
proach with a cross-disciplinary flavor. Some
of the more recent hires-Michael Binford,
Joshua Comenetz, and Joann Mossa-are
profiled in this issue of CLASnotes, but we in-
vite you to visit our home page at ufl.edu> to find out more about our diverse
department. k




UNIVERSITY OF

'FLORIDA
CLASnotes is published monthly by the College
of Liberal Arts and Sciences to inform faculty and
staff of current research and events.
Dean: Will Harrison
Editor: M. Jane Gibson
Contr. Editor: John Elderkin
Graphics: Jane Dominguez
Copy Editor: Bill Hardwig



A Note From the Chair