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Title: CLAS notes the monthly news publication of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- College of Arts and Sciences
Publisher: College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Creation Date: December 1999
Frequency: monthly
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General Note: Subtitle varies; some numbers issued without subtitle.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 2, no. 11 (Nov. 1988); title from caption.
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Table of Contents
    Main
        Page 1
    Around the college
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
    New faculty
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Grants awarded through Division of Sponsored Research
        Page 10
    Book beat
        Page 11
        Page 12
Full Text

December 1999


With Thanks
Frequently, in this December issue of CLAS
notes, I have taken stock of the many aca-
demic blessings that we enjoy in CLAS. Over
my long term, now in the twelfth year, some
holidays have been brighter than others at UE
The early 1990s, for example, when Ebenezer
walked the halls of Tally, December cheer was
stretched extremely thin. That remembrance
of Holidays Past, with the evaporating budgets,
makes the recent years seem all the more de-
lightful and rewarding. Staying the course has
its rewards.
In this, my last year as dean, the health of
the College makes it easier to leave ajob that I
have enjoyed so much. Due to the hard work
and talent of many people, CLAS is enjoying
an unprecedented run of success and opportu-
nity. Not that we don't need more resources
(Provost-please note), but the faculty, stu-
dents, and staff have come a long way toward
many goals set for CLAS. And certain groups
of people have stepped forward to play pivotal
roles in this progress. It is these stalwarts that I
wish to recognize as having made such a differ-
ence during my time as dean.
One of the most important tasks given a dean
is the appointment of department chairs and
program directors. The real business of the
academy takes place at the unit level, making
clear the importance of the 22 chairs and 10
or so directors in determining programmatic
success. At this time of year, I am reminded of
their leadership in making things happen. Not
only the incumbents, of course, but all those
who have served over my time in office, mak-
ing my job much easier. I salute them here for
all they have contributed to CLAS.
In a college this size, the dean needs a lot
of help in day-to-day operation. My aim in
coming into the office was to persuade some
of the very best CLAS faculty to work with
me as associate deans and directors. A simple
review of those who have filled these positions
confirms the success of this initiative. First
class teacher-scholars have been willing to
devote a few years to making this College what
it is today. By assuming dean's level respon-
sibility and ....iili. they have immeasurably
enhanced the progress of CLAS. I particularly
am grateful for the enthusiasm, creativity, and
energy that the associate deans and directors
have invested in the College Office.
See Musings, page 12


CLASnotes

Vol. 13 The University of Florida College of Liberal Arts and Sciences No. 12



Demystifying DNA

Fundamental research in CLAS a major component
of new UF Genetics Institute


What do prehistoric pigs have to
do with cutting edge research
in
-
genetics? Plenty, says CLAS chemist
Steve Benner, who investigates many ge-
netic-based questions, including the role
of genes in life, present and past.
In the race to sequence the human
genome, scientists all over the world
are busy mapping out the 75,000 genes
encoded in our DNA. These genes dictate
the production of proteins, which, as
chains of 20 amino acids, can be mapped
and stored as strings of letters in a
computer. Thanks to sophisticated new
research, we can now understand genes,
once the mysterious building blocks of
the human species, as complicated combi-
nations of chemicals.
In other words, says Benner, all mod-
em genetic study boils down to organic
chemistry. "Scientists are out there se-
quencing whole organisms. They've done
worms and bacteria and yeasts and are
working on man. The minute we com-
plete the genomic sequence for humans
we have a chemical structure-an exact
description of the material we pass on to
our children.
"Our challenge now," he continues,
"is to convert these strings of chemical
notation into data relevant to biologists.
To do this, we are trying to understand
how we can interpret chemical behavior
and biological systems of genes in light
of their evolutionary past."
Here's where the pigs come in. When
Institute of Food and Agriculture Sciences
(IFAS) professors Rosalia and Frank Sim-
men discovered that pigs have three genes
for making estrogen (instead of one), they
came to Benner to help them figure out
why. Benner conducted a chemical gene-
alogy of sorts, building an "evolutionary
tree" to trace the pig protein back to its


CLAS chemist Steve Benner (pictured
above examining a globe of Mars) conducts
research that explores a range of ques-
tions, from the genetic make-up of ancient
animals to the possibility of extraterrestrial
life.

early ancestors. "If we go back in time
we can actually date when those extra
genes emerged-about 25 million years
ago,"he says. 'This is also the period
when pigs began having litters of multiple
young.
By combining this chemical/genetic
family history with associated paleontolo-
gy (fossils) and physiological information
from the Simmens, a story emerges. Ap-
parently, after the cold, ecologically try-
ing times of the Oligocene Period (around
30 million years ago), which many spe-
cies did not survive, the warmer climate
of the Miocene brought new semi-tropical
forests to Europe. The new foliage may
have provided pigs a sheltered habitat,
allowing them for the first time to birth
multiple young (by nature less ambula-
tory at birth than the more mature single
young generally born in open savanna
habitat) and to hide and protect these
young until they became more self-suf-
See Genetics, page 6


This month's focus: CLAS Research









Around the College

DEPARTMENTS


African and Asian Languages and Literatures
Aida Bamia was invited to present a paper entitled 'The Lan-
guage of Literary Texts: Between Accessibility and Political
Correctness" at Bridging Past, Present, and Future: Arabic as a
Foreign Language in the New Millennium, a conference hosted
by The American Association of Teachers of Arabic, October 15-
16 in Detroit, Michigan.

Haig Der-Houssikian presented a paper entitled "Pluralization in
Colloquial Western Armenian" at the Sixth International Confer-
ence on Armenian Linguistics held in Paris, July 5-9, 1999. At
the 26th Annual Conference of the Linguistic Association of
Canada and the US, held in Edmonton, Canada, August 3-7, 1999,
he presented a paper entitled '"The Role of Conceptual Structure
in the Acquisition of Vocabulary in a Morphologically Over-Dif-
ferentiated Language."

Anthropology
In August, Anita Spring chaired a session and presented a paper
entitled '"The Positive Effects of Agricultural Commercializa-
tion on Women Farmers" at the Women Farmers: Enhancing
Productivity Conference, sponsored by the Universities of Bonn,
Hohenheim, and Tufts (Boston), held in Bonn, Germany. She
was also elected co-chair for the State of Florida for the National
Summit on Africa and organized a session at the US-Africa Trade
Symposium in Orlando on August 9.

Botany
In August, Walter S. Judd attended the XVII International Bo-
tanical Congress in St. Louis, Missouri to present a talk entitled
'"The Implications of Phylogenetic Nomenclature for Floristics
and Teaching." Judd began his term as president-elect of the
American Society of Plant Taxonomists in September.

George Bowes presented an invited talk and a poster entitled
"Hydrilla: Inducible C4 Photosynthesis Without Kranz Anatomy"
at the Gordon Research Conference on Photosynthetic Carbon
Dioxide Assimilation held at Queen's College, Oxford University
UK in September. Bowes was elected to serve as chair of the
next Gordon Research Conference on Photosynthesis to be held in
Europe.

English
In September, Marsha Bryant and Mary Ann Eaverly (Clas-
sics), along with two professors from Indiana University, led a
workshop on 'Teaching Myth through Moder Poetry" at the
University of Maryland conference American Women and Clas-
sical Myths. At the workshop, they presented a talk on their col-
laborative teaching and research at UF and co-led a discussion on
poems by Margaret Atwood, Adrienne Rich, Denise Levertov, and
UF's Debora Greger.

On October 30, Carl Bredahl gave an invited lecture in Leiden,
Holland to a gathering of Fulbright Program representatives. The
topic was 'The Oral Tradition and its Impact on Contemporary
Native American Writing."


Mathematics Hosts
International Conference

An international
conference on
Symbolic Compu-
tation, q-Series,
Number Theory,
Physics, and
Combinatorics
was hosted by
the Mathemat-
ics Department
November 11-13.
Organized by A section of the audience attending
Organized by
the opening lecture at the Symbolic
Frank Garvan Computation Conference. Seated in
(Math), the event front, Mathematics chair Krishnas-
attracted fifty of wami Alladi (center) and CLAS As-
the top research- sociate Dean Neil Sullivan (right).
ers in these
areas from USA,
Canada, England,
Germany, Austria, China, Korea, and Singapore and was
funded by the National Science Foundation, The National
Security Agency, The Number Theory Foundation, The
Institute for Fundamental Theory, CLAS and ORTGE.






History
On October 12 and 14, 1999 Ron Formisano delivered lectures
at Oxford and Cambridge universities to initiate the lecture series
"American Political History, 1775 to the Present: Substance and
Structure." Formisano is one of seven United States historians
invited to participate in the series, which will eventually be pub-
lished as a book by the University of Kansas Press.

Mathematics
Gerard Emch presented a paper at the Tenth International Con-
ference on The Enlightenment in Dublin, Ireland, July 25-31. The
title of his talk was "Is Mine. du Chatelet's a fair presentation of
Newton's Principia?"

Yunmei Chen gave an hour lecture at the International Confer-
ence on Applied Partial Differential Equations in China during
August 1999.

Sociology
Jay Gubrium was a member of an international panel of experts
on aging invited to Helsinki November 1-3 to evaluate research
proposals for the Finnish government.









Around the College


Three CLAS Faculty Chosen For Top UF Administrative Positions


Kenneth Gerhardt (Communication Sciences and Disor-
ders) was recently named associate dean of the Graduate School
for academic programs and student
affairs. His responsibilities will in-
clude leading the Graduate School and
representing the university on graduate
education issues, both on campus and
externally. Chair of his department from
1985-1993, Gerhardt brings important
experience to the position: he has partici-
pated on over 60 thesis and dissertation
committees since he began his career at
UF in 1978, and he was a key player in Kenneth Gerhardt
developing UF's new doctoral program
in audiology. "It's an honor to be invited
to serve in this capacity," Gerhardt said upon his appointment.
"The Graduate School faces exciting and
challenging academic issues in the com-
ing years, including its role in position-
ing the University of Florida among the
nation's top 10 public institutions."
Sheila Dickison (Classics) has been
appointed associate provost for Under-
graduate Education and will maintain
her position as director of the Honors
Program. Dickison was CLAS associate
dean for academic affairs between 1989
Sheila Dickison
and 1995. She is the current president
of the American Classical League, a
national organization of more than 6000 teachers of classical


studies at all levels. The Florida Blue Key Distinguished Fac-
ulty Award winner (1997) claims she is excited about having the
opportunity to make a contribution to undergraduate education at
UF. "Our students are terrific, and I see my role as helping them
have the best experience possible while they are here," she says.
Former CLAS associate dean Chuck Frazier (Sociology)
was named vice provost and senior associate vice president for
academic affairs. He will assist the provost by handling
a range of duties including tenure and promotions issues, enroll-
ment and space management, and perfor-
mance evaluations. Frazierjoined the UF
faculty as an assistant professor in 1972.
The author of more than 50 publications,
he has served on the editorial boards of
three professional journals and as an as-
sociate consultant editor for the Journal of
Criminal Law and Criminology. Frazier
said that as CLAS associate dean for
administrative affairs from 1991-1998 he
enjoyed having a hand in deciding issues Chuck Frazier
important to faculty, students and staff.
Accordingly, he looks forward to the "new
and interesting challenges" his university-wide appointment will
bring.
Gerhardt was appointed by Graduate School dean Win
Phillips, while Frazier and Dickison were appointed by history
professor David Colburn, interim provost and vice president for
Academic Affairs since last month.


Author Visits Campus to Promote Collaboration with CLAS Program Director


Best-selling author and long-time syndi-
cated columnist Carl Hiaasen (left) was
on campus November 12 to promote Kick
Ass, a new collection of his Miami Herald
columns edited by CLAS program director
Diane Stevenson (right) and published by
the University Press of Florida. During his
stay in Gainesville, Hiaasen, an alumnus of
UF's College of Journalism, visited classes,
attended several book-signings and spoke
to students at the Florida Alligator.









UF Center for Smell and Taste

New University Center fosters research in the chemical senses
a report from Alan Spector, Psychology


Understanding the allure of Chanel #5 and the appeal of strawberry pie
may become a reality in the future with the advent of the new University
of Florida Center for Smell and Taste (UFCST), which was approved as
a Class II Center by the Chancellor's Office during the last year. Dr. Barry Ache,
Distinguished Professor of Zoology and Neuroscience, from the Whitney labora-
tory is director, and Dr. Alan Spector, Professor of Psychology, is assistant director
of the center. The center, administratively based in the Office of the Vice Presi-
dent for Research, is located in the University of Florida Brain Institute (UFBI).
The center is counseled by a campus advisory committee chaired by Dr. William
Luttge, director of the UFBI, and a scientific advisory committee composed of
external scientists representing basic, clinical and applied chemosensory research.
Scientists doing research related
to the chemical senses are scat-
tered across the broadest organi-
zational units of the University,
including the colleges of Den-
tistry, Liberal Arts & Sciences,
and Medicine, as well as IFAS,
the USDA, and the Whitney
Laboratory. Their academic
activities range from performing
endoscopic surgery for chronic
sinusitis and nasal polyposis, to
studying how early exposure to
salt affects food intake and taste
sensitivity, to using artificial
noses in quality control, to deci-
phering the chemistry of insect
sex attractants. The UFCST pro-
vides an important forum to in-
tegrate this academically diverse
group. In addition to providing
a forum for the university's
UFCST co-directors Alan Spector (Psychol- diverse chemical senses research
ogy) and Barry Ache (UF's Whitney Labora- community, the center's mission
tory) in front of the UF Brain Institute. includes enhancing the visibility
includes enhancing the visibility
of chemical senses research at
UF by bringing in outside experts for seminars, seeking programmatic funding for
chemical senses research from governmental sources such as the National Institute
on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, developing closer ties between
UF and the flavor and fragrance industry, and fostering increased graduate student
education by creating a training program in the chemical senses.
Faculty with an interest in the chemical senses who are not already members are
encouraged to join the UFCST in its mission to foster chemosensory research at
the University of Florida. Everyone is encouraged to attend center activities and
functions, especially the new seminar series featuring lectures from internationally
renowned chemical senses researchers. To obtain more information on the center
and its activities, contact Dr. Barry Ache , or visit or call
the center's office in Room L5-100D in the Brain Institute (294-0199).$%


In addition to providing a

forum for the University's

diverse chemical senses

research community, the

center's mission includes

enhancing the visibility of

chemical senses research

at the university by bringing

in outside experts for semi-

nars, seeking programmatic

funding for chemical senses

research from governmental

sources such as the National

Institute on Deafness and

Other Communication Disor-

ders, developing closer ties

between UF and the flavor

and fragrance industry, and

fostering increased graduate

student education by creat-

ing a training program in the

chemical senses.









Center for Forensic Anthropology

New UF center will develop academic programs in forensic science and provide
greater criminal investigation services
by Health Sciences writer Nancy Dohn.. -- H


Building on the legacy of the late Bill Maples (Anthropol
ogy), an international pioneer in forensic anthropology
known for his work advancing the analysis of human skel-
etal remains, the University of Florida has established the William
R. Maples Center for Forensic Medicine.
By unifying forensic services campuswide, the Maples Center
will be able to provide greater criminal investigations assistance
to medical examiners and law enforcement officials at the state
and national levels.
The center will also offer cross-
campus courses in toxicology,
pathology, anthropology and crimi-
nology to help train students in the
emerging disciplines of the forensic
sciences.
Forensic science uses highly
developed technologies to uncover
physical evidence in a variety of
fields. In criminal cases involving
assault, rape or murder, forensic
science can be used to detect the
presence of unusual substances in
victims, suspects or crime scenes.
It can also be used to determine the
Maples Center co-director genetic composition of blood and
Anthony Falsetti, pictured saliva left behind by a perpetrator
at work in the C.A. Pound and to identify unknown human
Human ID Lab. skeletal remains.
In civil cases, forensic science
makes it possible to monitor food
processing, pesticide use, abuse of children and the elderly,
among other applications.
I inl in the existing forensic specialties at the University of
Florida will help balance scholarship with research and service
in forensic medicine. The aim of the center is to provide com-
prehensive services and innovative programs that relate to the
medical and legal investigation of death," said Bruce Goldberger
(ADD DEPARTMENT), Maples Center co-director and director
of the UF Diagnostic Referral Laboratories Forensic Toxicology
Laboratory.
'"The center will be the first in the State University System to
focus on forensic medicine. It creates an exciting exploratory
environment for approaches and perspectives that transcend
traditional forensic science research and education," said Anthony
Falsetti (Anthropology), Maples Center co-director and director
of the C.A. Pound Human Identification Laboratory.
Paul Klein, a UF professor of pathology, immunology and labora-
tory medicine, is the center's associate director.
The new center provides fitting tribute to Dr. Maples, an interna-
tionally recognized pioneer in the field of forensic anthropology
who joined the UF faculty in 1968 and rose to the rank of distin-
guished service professor.
In the 1970s, Maples began assisting Florida's medical examin-
ers with crime and accident investigations. He also developed a


relationship with the
US. Army central
Identification Labo-
ratory and provided
consultation involv-
ing military person-
nel missing or killed
during World War
II, the Korean War
and the Vietnam
War.
In a career that
spanned nearly three
decades, Dr. Maples
was involved in
more than 1,200
cases, many high
profile. In 1992, he
supervised a team
of forensic scientists
that identified the


Margaret Kelley Maples, widow of
renowned medical anthropologist Bill
Maples (Anthropology) is pictured (center)
above with (from left) Maples Scholarship
recipients Dendra Smith and Heather
Walsh-Haney, Bill Goza (CLAS alumnus
and long-time volunteer researcher at the
Pound Lab), Pound Director Anthony
Falsetti, and Maples Scholarship recipients
Shuala Martin and Phoebe Stubblefield.


remains of the last Russian monarch, Czar Nicholas II, and his
family who were killed by revolutionaries in 1918. Dr. Maples
chronicled the demise of the czar, the truth about Pizarro's bones
and other career highlights in the book Dead Men Do Tell Tales.
Before his death in 1997 from brain cancer, he assisted Dade
County medical examiners in identifying victims of the ValuJet
disaster in the Everglades.
The CLAS C.A. Pound Human Identification Laboratory, formed
in 1991, focuses on forensic anthropology, which identifies
skeletal or other remains
suspected of being human.
Under the direction of Dr.
Maples and his successor,
Falsetti, it has become a
premier forensic anthropol-
ogy laboratory. The C.A.
Pound Laboratory contin-
ues to provide analyses of
human skeletal remains to
all 24 medical examiner A key component of the new
districts in the state as well Maples Center, the C.A. Pound Lab
as to such groups as the uses forensic anthropology to assist
Florida Department of Law law enforcement and CIA investiga-
Enforcement, the US Cen- tions (among other applications).
tral Identification Labora-
tory and the FBI.
The Pound Laboratory, the College of Medicine's Forensic Toxi-
cology Laboratory as well as several academic departments will
be housed in the Maples Center.
Established in the early 1990s, the Forensic Toxicology Labora-
tory provides a variety of services including testing to determine


See Maples Center, page 12










Genetics, continued from page 1


The Botany Department boasts
four faculty members working in
genetic-related areas: George
Bowes, Alice Harmon, Bernard
Hauser and David Jones.

ficient. '"The bottom line,"
says Benner, "is that these
genes evolved in response to
a changing climate to al-
low the pig to take on a new
reproductive physiology. By
correlating molecular events
and reconstructing them in an
evolutionary context, we can
put together a story of function
which converts these strings of
letters into something that has
meaning to a biologist."
Benner and his research
group are in hot demand,
and not just from IFAS. "We
have been working with HIV
reverse transcriptases and pro-
teases and the 'obesity gene
protein,' leptin, and there are
evolutionary stories in all of


these protein families, which,
placed in their historical con-
texts, all of a sudden talk to
you and tell you the meaning
and role of disease."
As many human diseases
are associated with heredity,
medical scientists are scram-
bling to tie each illness to a
change in one of our 75,000
genetically-dictated protein
strings. A bit like looking for
a needle in a haystack, but
Benner's group can help sim-
plify the process. "We use our
evolutionary knowledge to tell
technologists, 'Oh yeah, this
protein is associated with pig
reproductive strategy, not with
immunosuppression,' to cut
down their margin of trial and
error in the hunting process."
Benner's partnership with
UF's medical and agricultural
researchers is a prime example
of the interdisciplinary nature
of the brand new UF Genetics
Institute. And Benner points
out that CLAS adds the kind of
fundamental science to the mix
that is the basis of all tech-
nological advancement. "I'm
doing basic science. I have
not cured a disease. But every
modern approach to the treat-
ment of disease is associated
with a better understanding of
what it is that you're trying to
treat. In the medical school,
they have a very easily defined


technological goal: they want
to cure disease by introducing
genes whose absence creates
the diseased state. When you
formulate a problem from this
technological perspective you
are saying, 'What can it do?
Can I sell it?' From the scien-
tific perspective, like much of
what we do in the Liberal Arts
and Sciences, the
question is in-
stead, 'What do I
understand?'"
"Unfortu-
nately, it's more
difficult to evalu-
ate basic science.
If you say you're
going to cure the
common cold,"
explains Benner,
we can appre-
ciate that and Zoology p
major An
know roughly major Ang
what it's worth microsco
to us and to so- ovryas
city, but if you genetic b,
say you're going
to understand the
history of the biosphere, we
can't really evaluate or quanti-
fy that." Despite this, Benner
emphasizes that basic research
is always more powerful than
applied technology (which
is only relevant to what you
apply it to). "Basic research,
when done correctly, can in
principle grow and grow and


DNA profiling can aid researchers in identifying
remains for both criminal and historical cases.
Pictured at left, John Schultz, PhD student in an-
thropology, excavates a grave thought to be that
of George Washington's brother, Samuel. Schultz
worked with UF's Pound Lab on the Virginia-
based project, initiated by George Washington
University professor James E. Starrs to locate
and identify Samuel's remains.


grow for decades. The discov-
ery generations ago of gallium
and germanium, two of the 90
naturally occurring chemical
elements, eventually led to the
creation of the semiconduc-
tor and the computer, but who
could have known that at the
time?"
While the Genetics Insti-


professorr Marta Wayne (right), zoology
gela Kuntz (center), and 1999 zoology
arch technician April Spivak (left, at
pe) examine structures of the fruit fly
part of their attempt to understand the
asis for variation in fly reproduction.


tute is not a physical reality
yet (the proposed $40 mil-
lion, five-story ultra high-tech
facility should be operational
by 2004), a diverse array of
groundbreaking genetics-re-
lated work is already being
conducted across the UF
campus. With contributing
faculty not just in chemistry
but also in biostatistics, zool-
ogy, mathematics, botany and
anthropology, CLAS is one of
the new Institute's key players.
"In Liberal Arts and
Sciences, it is our diverse
research and teaching across
the field of genetics that is our
strength and that ensures our
major place in the Institute,"
explains zoologist Mike Miya-
moto, the CLAS liaison to the
Genetics Institute. Miyamoto,
who himself is using DNA
and protein sequences to trace












the evolutionary history of
humans and other mammals,
stresses the diversity CLAS
brings to the genetics table.
His fellow zoologist Marta
Wayne is investigating the ge-
netic and environmental forces
underlying major phenotypic
traits, such as anatomical,
behavioral,
and ecologi- Miyamoto
cal features. that beyoI
Additionally, sciences,
CLAS faculty
in Botany who covers th
work in plant phical, his
genetics (and social imf
groups like
Benner's in modern
chemistry) are "Genetics
using the tools to be so i
of modern
molecular society a
biology such such cot
as DNA may becor
amplification
and sequenc- ur most
ing to inves- important
tigate how institute,
the genomes
of humans
and other species function, to
assess their biological signifi-
cance, and to better understand
the historical factors that have
shaped their evolution.
"CLAS also has anthro-
pologists who are studying
human genetic variation that is
the underlying basis of disease
susceptibility and resistance,
drug responsiveness, and the
like," continues Miyamoto.
"Indeed, the Chair of the
North American Committee of
the Human Genome Diversity
Project is our own anthropol-
ogy professor John Moore.
"Furthermore, CLAS
includes the internation-
ally renowned Pound Human
Identification Laboratory,
directed by anthropologist
Anthony Falsetti. This facility
has been involved in numer-


e
n











71
t








nt


U
t


ous high-profile forensic cases
for law enforcement and other
government agencies and will
become involved in more and
more DNA work (particularly
DNA fingerprinting and profil-
ing) in the near future."
Liberal Arts and Sciences
mathematicians and statisti-
cians are also
emphasizes involved in
d the hard computational
'LA S also and analyti-
cal research
philoso- designed to
orical, and maximize
ications of the informa-
tion avail-
enetics. able from
has grown the swelling
iportant to databases of
molecular
large that and genetic
ributions knowledge.
?e some of Miyamoto
emphasizes
nique and that beyond
o the new the hard
he says. sciences,
CLAS also
covers the
philosophical, historical, and
social implications of modern
genetics. "Genetics has grown
to be so important to society
at large that such contribu-
tions may become
some of our
most unique and
important to the
new Institute,"
he says. "In
short, thanks to
its rich diversity,
outstanding fac-
ulty, and excellent
students, CLAS
will remain criti-
cal to the Insti-
tute in unifying
disciplines from
around the entire
University. Zoologist M
-JaneGibson liaison to th


d
t r Ii
-M_

d
e Ity rm I
org rom mice
all ot r
ma als fnd
So new ins
Salou he ar
,. ~ ll l


ike Miyamoto, the h
e new UF Gneti
d ,










New Faculty

Assistant professor of communication sciences and disorders Debbie Mon-
crieff earned her PhD from the University of Texas at Dallas. Her research
focuses on the auditory processing problems of children with dyslexia. Using
event-related potentials (ERPs) and functional magnetic resonance imaging
(fMRI) techniques to record brain activity during auditory input, she hopes to
develop better diagnostic tools for establishing auditory processing disorders
at an earlier age and to identify the subgroups of individuals within disordered
Populations (dyslexia, ADD/ADHD, hearing impaired, psychosocial disorders)
who have specific auditory processing deficits. In her spare time, Moncrieff
enjoys cooking, reading, movies, walking her dog and gardening.

Sara Schatz, an assistant professor of sociology, received her PhD in Decem-
ber from UCLA, having completed a dissertation entitled "Delayed Transitions
to Democracy: The Case of Mexico." Her research focuses on the social bases
of democratization, the relationship between political and legal development,
and social struggles for citizenship rights. She is currently expanding the
comparative focus of her research, building on her forthcoming book, Elites,
Masses and the Strugglefor Democracy: A Culturalist Approach (Praeger,
2000). In addition, she recently authored an article on Latin American indig-
enous actors' struggles for juridic rights to political autonomy.


Buzz Holling Retires


o recognize and celebrate the retire-
ment
of the Arthur R. Marshall Jr. Chair in
Ecological Sciences Crawford S. "Buzz"
Holling, the Department of Zoology hosted a
lecture, reception and dinner in his honor on
September 30th. Dr. Carl Walters, a distin-
guished ecologist and long-time colleague and
friend from the University of British Columbia
gave a lecture on "Tales from the Foraging
Arena" a presentation on the interactions be-
tween individual and ecosystem level research
in fisheries biology. The lecture was followed
by a reception at the Keene Faculty Center.
The lecture and reception were attended by
members of the Arthur R. Marshall Jr. family,
colleagues from the Southwestern Water Man-
agement District and other areas of the State,
as well as faculty and graduate students from
many UF departments and colleges.
Holling came to UF as an Eminent Scholar ten
years ago from the University of British Co-
lumbia, and since his arrival, he has won more
than $4.8 million in research and program
grants, staged nine workshops on the Ever-
glades for more than 160 scientists, corporate
leaders, public officials, and managers and
public interest groups, trained 140 graduate
students in ecosystem research, and created an
information and policy "Resilience Network"
of scientists, business persons, government
officials and public interest groups that focuses
on sustainable development in 10 countries
and 17 regions.


"The Eminent Scholar Program of SUS
brought me here," Holling explained. "It
is a rare resource for UE My colleagues in
the Department of Zoology, in other Depart-
ments of CLAS, and in Forestry and Wildlife,
Environmental Engineering and Agricultural
Economics, kept me here. Together they, and
a fine group of graduate students, provided an
environment of excellence and cooperation
that made my ten years at UF a wonderful and
personally fulfilling journey of discovery."
In August of this year, Holling was rec-
ognized for "outstanding contributions to the
science of Ecology" by being awarded the
Eminent Ecologist Award of the Ecological
Society of America.
Holling will occupy his Bartram Hall office
for at least the next year to continue his work
with the ongoing $1.5 million Resilience Proj-
ect. Funded by the MacArthur Foundation, the
Resilience project is in its third and final year,
and seeks to develop a theory that integrates
ecology, economics and the social sciences
with environmental resource management and
policy-making.
Holling's Resilience work has provided the
basis for a new project funded by the Rock-
efeller Foundation, designed to take Resilience
discoveries and put them into practice around
the world by conducting training courses and
workshops, and by using the Web to develop
integrative communications on issues of sus-
tainability and regional development.
Other Holling projects have had dramatic


Buzz Holling (left) at his September 30th
retirement party, with Joseph Delfino (En-
vironmental Engineering Sciences).

effects closer to home. Through Everglades
workshops he organized in the early part of
this decade, Holling brought together key
people in US and State government agencies,
and non-governmental groups to develop
sophisticated and detailed computer models of
the Everglades ecosystem. These electronic
models so convincingly portrayed the Ever-
glades' pivotal importance and its potential
for restoration, that present restoration efforts
plans have been formed by them.
Though passionate about his life's work in
science and conservation, and, by extension,
public well-being, Holling says he'll enjoy
having more time to pursue his artistic passion,
creating sculptures that capture some of the
essence of the patterns in nature his scientific
studies have revealed.%










Analytical Chemistry at UF

UF's world-class reputation builds on long-standing tradition


Certainly the world-class
reputation of Florida's
analytical chemistry di-
vision swayed renowned Colo-
rado State University professor
Charles Martin to accept an of-
fer from UF last year. But Mar-
tin admits another important
factor influenced his decision:
palm trees. "After nine years in
Colorado, I liked Gainesville's
palm trees," he says.
Martin, an internationally
recognized expert in nano-ma-
terials and their role in chemi-
cal analysis, joined the UF
analytical chemistry faculty this
fall. In addition to teaching
and conducting research, he is
also directing the new Center
for Research at the Bio/Nano
Interface, which he hopes will
become a pioneering force in
the field of bio-analytical chem-
istry. 'We'll be working at the
juncture between analytical
chemistry and materials sci-
ence, developing new analytical
methods and the new materials
that make those methods pos-
sible. It's a new area; we'll see
where it leads."
Now that he's here, Martin
is impressed. '"The faculty is
terrific. And another important
attraction at UF is the quality


of the graduate students. This
year I have an enthusiastic,
motivated, and diverse group of
students. It's very exciting and
invigorating for me."
Rick Yost, head of the analyti-
cal chemistry division, thinks
Martin is an excellent fit for
the highly regarded program.
'We are very student centered;
we have a long tradition of
combining
academic
excellence



sphere," he
says. 'This
department
has what I Bob Kennedy
call a very
low ego-to-reality ratio, and
Chuck was looking for just that
kind of environment."
According to Yost, the ana-
lytical division's growing
preeminence -earlier this
year it was ranked #6 in the
nation by US News and World
Report -can be traced back
to the atmosphere created by
Jim Winefordner in the 1960s.
'Winefordner is probably the
most prolific chemistry faculty
member in the world," says


Top 10 US Analytical Chemistry
Graduate Programs

1. Purdue University-West Lafayette (IN)
2. University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill
3. Indiana University-Bloomington
4. University of Illinois-Urbana-Champaign
5. University of Wisconsin-Madison
6. University of Florida
7. University of Arizona
8. Pennsylvania State University-University Park
8. University of Texas-Austin
10. Iowa State University

From US News and World Report's America's Best Gradu-
ate Schools 2000 edition. Online news/edu/beyond/gradrank/gbschespl.htm>


Yost. "He has graduated
over 140 PhDs, published
over 800 articles, and
won almost every award
possible, yet he remains a
very humble guy." Yost
believes the analytical
division has been able to
attract and keep world-
class chemists because
the faculty members are
also friends. "All the
members of this division
are superb. They get t
offers to go other places,
but they stay here in part
because of the human-
ity of this place, and Jim
Winefordner is the father
figure for that."
Many other faculty
members have also con-
tributed to the analytical
division's outstanding
reputation. Herb Laitinen,
who served on the faculty
for fourteen years, was the
editor of the journal Analytical
Chemistry during the field's
period of rapid expansion in
the 1970s and 80s. And Roger
Bates, who became a professor
emeritus in 1979, is considered
the father of pH for defining the
way pH should be measured.
The senior analytical chemis-
try faculty also includes Will
Harrison, who has maintained
an active research
program during his
tenure as CLAS
Dean.
Bob Kennedy and
Weihong Tan, two
of the division's
younger members,
have each received
the National Sci-
ence Foundation's
prestigious Faculty
Early Career Devel-
opment (CAREER)
Award. Kennedy "Father" o
was also awarded a sion, profe
Presidential Early pictured h


New UI analytical chemistry
professor Chuck Martin.

Career Award for Scientists and
Engineers (PECASE), which
is the highest honor bestowed
by the US Government on
outstanding young scientists,
and Tan has been designated a
Young Investigator Awardee by
the Office of Naval Research.
Other members of the analyti-
cal chemistry division are Anna
Toth (electroanalytical) and
Vaneica Young (surface charac-


See Chemistry, page 12


r ne ut- anaiytcal cnemistry aivi-
*ssor emeritus Jim Winefordner,
ere in 1988.









Grants


(through the Division of Sponsored Research)


October 1999 Total: $1,372,559


CHEM
CHEM
PSY


Glaxo Res & Dev Ltd
Multiple Companies
Hitachi Foundation


STAT Procter & Gamble


Award Title


50,000 Bimetallic group 4 amide complexes for the polymerization
of alpha-olefins.
1,500 Compounds for biological screening.
1,800 Miles compound contract.
10,500 Establishment of the research-based model partnership education pro-
gram as a center for nation-wide dissemination of the program.
37,500 Service agreement for Web-based dental research.


Federal................... $1,221,932


Moseley, M.
Smailes, R.
Elston, R.
Hamann, F
Enholm, J.
Kennedy, R.

Martin, C.
Eyler, J.
Weltner, W.
Sapienza, C.
Martin, E.

Dorsey, A.
Bradley, M.
Fischler, I.
Carter, R.

Bolten, A.
Bjomdal, K.


ANT NSF


AST
AST
CHEM
CHEM


NASA
NASA
NSF
US Army


CHEM US Army


CHEM
CSD
GEOL

PHY
PSY
PSY
STAT


NSF
US Navy
NSF


NSF
NIMH
NIMH
Health Care Admin Agncy


ZOO US DOC


9,480 Dissertation research: building Chan Chan: project management
analysis of ancient architecture.
131,087 The morphological evolution of field galaxies at 1 13,195 Intrinsic UV and X-ray absorption in QSO's.
90,000 New methods in free radical chemistry.
125,601 Role of glutamate release and metabotropic autoreceptors in seizureo-
genic actions of cholinomimetic agents.
75,000 Conducting a polymer-based electronic nose for land mine detection.

135,000 ESR and IR spectroscopy of molecules, ions, and clusters.
40,628 Respiratory function during speech production at 1000 FSW.
53,162 ND isotope investigation of North Atlantic deep water population over
the past 25,000 years and education in geology.
92,000 Dynamics of vortices and interfaces in condensed matter.
57,274 Project 3: Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention.
15,901 Project 4: Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention.
y 28,000 Birth vital statistics: survival low birth weight and morbidity outcomes
research.
355,604 Experiment to evaluate gear modification on rates of sea turtle by catch
in the swordfish longline fisheries in the Azores.


Foundation.......... $35,720
Guillette, E. ANT Jenifer Altman Foundation 3,300


Lieberman, L.
Woolard, J.

Kennedy, D.

Holling, C.


CRIM MacArthur Foundation

PHY Eppley Foundation

ZOO MacArthur Foundation


Community health assessment manual.


1,670 Competence: effective participation of juvenile defendants: develop-
mental aspects of the attorney-client relationship.
5,750 Precise comparison of the sun and nearby sun-like stars with the Hip
parcos astrometric satellite.
25,000 UF Foundation account for C. Holling.


State...................... $4,840
Scicchitano, M. POL Multiple Sponsors


Miscellaneous........$8,767
Bowes, G. BOT Miscellaneous Donors
Schanze, K. CHEM Am Chemical Society
Scicchitano, M. POL Multiple Sponsors


4,840 State applied research for surveys.


1,000
2,927
4,840


Miscellaneous donors.
ACS editorialship.
Outside applied research for surveys.


Investigator Dept. Agency

Corporate .......... $101,300
Boncella, J. CHEM Mobil Corp


Katritzky, A.
Katritzky, A.
Tucker, C.

Marks, R.











The Angry Earth: Disaster in Anthro-
pological Perspective
Edited by Anthony Oliver-Smith (An-
thropology) and Susanna M. Hoffman
Routledge

(from book cover)
"This collection is the first to adequate-
ly represent the cultural, historical, and
geographical scope and complexities
of the problem of disaster. It introduc-
es a range of useful perspectives and
arguments, with compelling examples.
One wishes such a collection had been
available to help define the agenda for
the International Decade for Natural
Disaster Reduction, now ending."
-Kenneth Hewitt, editor of Interpreta-
tions of Calamity

(excerpt)
Similar to disaster research in other
fields, almost all aspects of anthropo-
logical investigation of disaster implic-
itly carry an applied consideration. Vir-
tually every focus of the investigation in
some measure expounds the prob-
lems of individuals, communities, and
societies
engrossed
in disaster.
However,
a growing
corpus of
work in an-
thropological
research
explicitly
addresses
applied
concerns
and meth-
ods. Work
has varied
depending on the type and scope of
disaster, but applied anthropologists
have directed attention and action to
issues of prediction, prevention, and
mitigation. They have been concerned
with warning systems, the construc-
tion of habitat and workplace and relief
efforts.


Wilhelm Hausenstein: Ausgewahlte
Briefe 1904-1957
Edited by Hal H. Rennert (German &
Slavic Languages & Literatures)
Igel Verlag Literatur

(translated from the book cover)
Wilhelm Hausenstein was born July
17, 1882 in Hornberg in the Black
Forest in Germany. He received his
doctorate from the University of Munich
in 1905 and lived in that city as an art
writer almost all of his life. He pub-
lished more
than eighty wilhlIm.rI IU li
books.
book. AusgcwshlLe Briefe
Among 1904-1957
his friends
were Rainer
Maria Rilke,
Annette
Kolb, Paul
Klee, Alfred
Kubin, Max
Beckmann,
Karl Valentin
and the first ,'*, -
president of
the Federal
Republic of Germany, Theodor He-
uss. He was an editor of the famous
"Frankfurter Zeitung" from 1934 until
1943, when the Nazis prohibited this
paper and all of his publications. Upon
the urging of Konrad Adenauer, he
accepted the difficult position of the
first ambassador of Germany to France
after World War II. In this position
he and his wife Margot Hausenstein
contributed significantly to the recon-
ciliation of these two countries. He
died in Munich on June 3, 1957. [The
personal library of Wilhelm Hausen-
stein was acquired by the University of
Florida Library in the early 1980s and
is now housed in Special Collections.
His papers (Nachlass) are located at
the German Literary Archive in Mar-
bach, Germany.]


Book Beat

Up the Political Ladder: Career
Paths in US Politics
Wayne L. Francis (Political Science)
and Lawrence W. Kenny (Economics)
Sage Publications

(from book
cover)
Those
interested
in American
politics,
political
careers and
legislatures
will marvel
at this down-
to-earth,
straightfor-
ward book.
Authors
Wayne L. Francis and Lawrence W
Kenny examine why states differ in
ease of entry into state and national
political office and analyze the strategic
decision making behavior of politicians
in their attempts to move up the politi-
cal ladder. The authors take a look at
the careers of US presidents, showing
how they successfully climbed the po-
litical ladder after starting at the bottom
and working their way up.

(excerpt)
The traditional solution to poor perfor-
mance in office is for citizens to vote
legislators or chief executives out of of-
fice. But for many offices, voters have
difficulty perceiving who, for example,
has become responsive only to special
interests at the cost of the larger major-
ity. That is, voters may have difficulty
perceiving whether their representative
is casting the votes they would like
cast. Incumbents have clear informa-
tion advantages. They can send out
a stream of positive messages during
their term and can command greater
campaign resources to offset negative
information from challengers. A citizen
would need to be very attentive to
public affairs to objectively monitor the
representative's official behavior.







Musings, continued from page 1


I am not sure how I have been able to retain
nearly all of my closest office staff members
for these many years. My guess is that they
saw how lost I would have been without them,
and having managed to get me trained, they
were reluctant to start over with someone
else. Given the degree to which UF staff move
around, it is all the more remarkable (and for-
tunate) that the College Office has enjoyed this
degree of continuity. So for their deep loyalty,
to say nothing of their talent, can-do attitude,
and everlasting good cheer, I look back with no
small measure of thanks.
Included in our Holiday recognition must
be the many alumni benefactors who continue
to show their great love for the University of
Florida and CLAS. More than most, I have
the opportunity and to see and appreciate their
investments of time and treasure to benefit our
programs. And notice that these friends put
their gifts to academic causes. Nothing against
football, Steve, but with all due respect, it is
the strengthening of the fundamental Arts and
Sciences that is laying the foundation for where
the University of Florida is headed. One of the
great joys of my job has been to make friends
with UF alumni who believe in academics
as strongly as I do, and who have supported
CLAS-and me-with moral support when
times were tougher and with sustained fiscal
support to make academic dreams come true.
Without my reciting names here, you know
who you are. Thanks for keeping the faith.
It is the faculty, of course, who truly make
the university happen. In no place is this more
true than in CLAS, where the 600+ faculty
produce outstanding teaching, research, and
service. It has been a real advantage for me
that I actually like faculty (OK, with a few
rare exceptions). But we have all experienced
administrators who seemed put off by faculty
as a group, which is a bit bizarre when you
think about it, given that the faculty provide
the basis for their jobs, just as the students give
us all employment. In any case, we have been
fortunate in hiring terrific faculty who make
this an exciting place to be. True, overseeing
faculty is sometimes like herding cats, but it
is their independence that makes a university
what it is. I have delighted in getting to know
so many interesting CLAS faculty over the
years. Thanks for being here.
I still look forward to the remainder of my
term, extending to July 1, 2000. It has been
a remarkable 12 years, with seldom a dull
moment. Once a year, at least, it seems worth
pausing to offer thanks for the many who have
made my time in office so enjoyable.


Chemistry, continued from page 9
terization).
Yost points out that the entire UF chemistry department is regarded as excellent, and that
the polymer and quantum theory divisions also contribute to the high ranking. "It takes
a long time to gain or lose a reputation, and the entire department is on the upswing."


"An important at-

traction at UF is the

quality of the gradu-

ate students. This

year I have an en-

thusiastic, motivated,

and diverse group of

students. It's very

exciting and invigo-

rating for me."

-Charles Martin


Martin's arrival comes at an ideal time for the chemis-
try department. "Graduate programs have been made
a priority by the Board of Regents and UF," says Yost.
"We added 27 new analytical chemistry graduate stu-
dents this year, which is more than ever before. And
certainly one of the reasons our numbers went up is
because people knew Chuck was coming."
Martin recently traveled to Hawaii to receive the Carl
Wagner Memorial Award from the Electrochemistry
Society, which cited his "numerous contributions to
the field of electrochemistry and profound dedication
to education in chemistry."
While teaching at Colorado State, Martin played guitar
in a classic rock band called Hair of the Dog. "I've
played in bands all my life," he says. "I consider
myself very lucky to have seen Stevie Ray Vaughn and
the Fabulous Thunderbirds learning their chops while
I did post-doctoral work at the University of Texas in
Austin." An avid rockabilly and blues fan, he enjoys
recording music in his home studio when time permits.
Although Yost is excited about Martin's arrival and


the division's national recognition, he believes the best is yet to come. "I think we've
belonged in the top five for years," he says. "We were number six before Chuck came,
so we can only go up from here. "
-John Elderkin






Maples Center, continued from page 5

the absence or presence of drugs and their metabolites in fluids and tissues after death.
"Currently, the laboratory serves close to one-third of the state's medical examiner of-
fices. Results are reported to medical examiners, who are responsible for evaluating the
role of these substances in an individual's death," Goldberger said.
During its first year, the new Maples Center will launch two week-long educational
programs in forensic anthropology and forensic toxicology for medical examiners and
law enforcement personnel. In addition, the center will provide educational and training
opportunities in toxicology, pathology, anthropology and criminal justice to attract the
best and brightest graduate students from around the country.
The center's goal over the next two years will be to solicit research funding and to
expand services into the southeastern and the northeastern United States. Plans also
include the recruitment of a nationally
recognized forensic anthropologist to the UNIVERSITY OF
faculty in fall 2000.
Leaders of the center hope to formalize a LO R ID A
new degree program in forensic medicine ,,,..
new degree program in forensic medicine CLASnotes is published monthly by the College
during the fourth year. Construction of a ofLiberalArts and Sciences to inform faculty and
5,000 square-foot-building to house labora- staff of current research and events.
stories and provide research facilities and D : W
s is s f Dean: Will Harrison
classrooms is slated for year five.% citr" Ion pihonn


Will Harrison,
Dean



Cont. Editor:
Graphics:
Copy Editor:


John Elderkin
Jane Dominguez
Bill Hardwig