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Around the college
Grants awarded through Division of Sponsored Research
A note from the chair
A Matter of Image
UF seems to be very image conscious
lately, and it's not such a bad idea. True,
some faculty are uneasy about it, and that's
also not necessarily a bad idea. The litmus
test will be how the image development
We shouldn't undervalue the attention to
image now under way in the upper admin-
istration. How we are perceived affects
academics in many ways, including the
ability to attract the best faculty and the
best students. But image also enters into
other critical areas such as competition
for individual grants, institutional awards,
and academic prizes. Anyone who has
ever served on national panels knows that
there can be a halo-effect associated with
certain universities, sometimes making a
difference in highly competitive situations.
Yes, quality comes first, but name-brand
recognition doesn't hurt.
So why should some people be made
uncomfortable by image taking on Vice
Presidential proportions? It probably
sounds too much like Madison Avenue,
where often we see corporations attempt
to create a virtual image that has minimal
coincidence with reality. By contrast, the
UF initiative seeks to mold a clear-eyed
image of this rapidly changing university,
one that reminds people of how far we
have come, something even those in the
UF family may not all fully appreciate.
The UF of a decade ago was a good
place, but a striking contrast to where it
has since arrived, probably more so to
those outside the university than to those
faculty and administrators who worked
to make it happen. It is so easy to see the
flaws in our own place; we know it so
well. And there is the tendency to over-
rate the imagined perfection we view at
a distance. For example, when I arrived
at UF, I found some people telling me
about programs elsewhere-programs
that I knew pretty well-and the message
See Musings, page 12
Vol. 13 The University of Florida College of Liberal Arts and Sciences No. 8
Overcoming Reading Disabilities
Linda Lombardino investigates effects of therapy
on reading skill and brain function
imagine staring at a page of text written
in plain English and not being able to
recognize words that you know you
have seen before. The letters make famil-
iar shapes spaced evenly across the page,
but you can't recall the sounds associated
with them. This sensation-kind of like
trying to decode a foreign language-is
common for persons who suffer from a
learning disability called developmental
More than 30% of school-age children
read below grade level (which could be
the result of a variety of social and cultural
factors), but only a small percentage of
these kids have the kind of dyslexia men-
tioned above, a neurobiological weakness
that renders common remediation strate-
gies ineffective. "These are not individuals
who have had a lack of exposure to read-
ing, have depressed intelligence, or lack
the motivation to read. They have reading
and spelling difficulties because they
possess a different brain processing capac-
ity for integrating sounds and letters,"
explains Communication Sciences and
Disorders professor Linda Lombardino,
who specializes in diagnosing and treating
"Developmental dyslexia is a specific
learning disability caused by a problem
in the brain system which affects pho-
nological processing (processing sounds
and mapping them onto corresponding
letters)," she says. Although reading can
be terribly difficult for children who suffer
with the disorder, specialized interven-
tion-part of what Lombardino does in
the UF Speech and Language Clinic-can
make a big difference.
"Patients come to the clinic to be evalu-
ated, to receive treatment or both," she
explains. "Evaluations take four to five
hours. We examine all aspects of reading,
spelling and writing, and based on the
CSD Professor Linda Lombardino
results, we recommend treatment if ap-
Since developmental dyslexia runs in fami-
lies, when a sibling or parent has similar
problems, it helps practitioners identify the
disorder. "I can only think of two or three
cases I've worked with in the past four
years where there wasn't a clear family
history," Lombardino recalls.
Once the condition is identified, there are
several types of reading programs available
to help persons with dyslexia, but the most
effective, says Lombardino, are multi-
sensory strategies, meaning that children
learn sound-letter associations through
utilizing every possible modality: listen-
ing to sounds, repeating sounds, tracing
letters associated with the sounds, reading
aloud, and writing and pronouncing words
simultaneously. In addition, multi-sensory
programs teach patients the specific rules
of language that most people are able to
pick up implicitly. "For example, there are
See Reading, page 6
This month's focus: Communication Sciences and Disorders
Around the College
CLAS Welcomes Two New Associate Deans
Michael Chege delivered a paper entitled "Reform of National
Governance Institutions" at the major conference "Can Africa
Claim the 21"t Century" held in Abidjan, capital of Ivory Coast
(West Africa), between July 5-10. The conference was organized
by the World Bank (Washington DC), the African Development
Bank (Abidjan), and the United Nations Economic Commission
Irma McClaurin presented a paper entitled "Changing Patterns
in Caribbean Migrations: Some Policy Implications" for a panel
on "Human Consequences of Interregional Migration Within the
Caribbean" at the XXIV Annual Conference of the Caribbean
Studies Association held in Panama City, May 24-29. At the
same conference, she was in invited discussant for a panel on
"Inter-American Discussions of Rape, Slavery, and Patriarchy."
Bob Wilson is currently spending a sabbatical year working with
Cambridge astronomers at the Institute of Astronomy, University
of Cambridge, on problems of binary star structure and evolution.
He will remain at Cambridge until July 2000.
Peter Waylen presented a paper entitled "The Effects of Caribbe-
an Hurricanes on Rainfall in Pacific Costa Rica," at a Conference
of the International Geographic Union Study Group on Climate
Change and Hydrologic Extremes, at the University of Aberyst-
wyth, Wales, in July. Waylen coauthored the paper with Germin
Poveda (Universidad Nacional of Colombia).
In April Alan Agresti presented seminars at Northern Illinois
University, Abbott Labs, University of Florence, and the Uni-
versity of Perugia, and he gave an invited talk at a conference in
Prague. Agresti was granted an Honorary Doctor of Science, De
Montfort University in Leicester, England on July 14. The award
marked his "outstanding international contribution to research
and scholarship in applied statistics, particularly categorical data
Jaber Gubrium was invited to present the Distinguished Scholar
Lecture at the annual meetings of the Society for the Study of
Symbolic Interaction on August 8 in Chicago.
Richard Hollinger made an invited presentation on Retail Crime
at the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil in April. He also delivered
a keynote speech at the National Retail Federation Loss Preven-
tion meetings in Philadelphia.
Carol Murphy (Romance
Languages & Literatures) is the
new CLAS Associate Dean for
Academic Affairs. She takes
over Pat Miller's duties, includ-
ing curriculum, interdisciplinary
studies, the O. Ruth McQuown
scholarships and the overseas
studies office. The Associate
Dean for Academic Affairs is also
responsible for Board of Regents
reviews and sexual harassment
Neil Sullivan (Physics) succeeds
Jim Dufty as CLAS Associate
Dean for Research. He will
oversee the promotion of new
research opportunities and the
facilitation and coordination
of multidisciplinary research
proposals. Sullivan will also act
as research liason to RGP (Re-
search and Graduate Programs,
previously ORTGE) and other
James Keesling has been selected as a managing editor of Topol-
ogy And Its Applications, one of the premier journals publishing
in topology. Keesling will be giving an invited address at the
International Conference On Topology And Its Applications to be
held at Kanagawa University, Yokohama, Japan, on August 23-27,
Harvey Lillywhite presented an invited paper at a symposium on
the ecophysiology of amphibians at the International Congress of
Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry in Calgary, Alberta,
Canada, Aug 21-28.
Karen Bjorndal gave one of five invited lectures at a special
meeting on the biology of freshwater turtles in Laughlin, Nevada,
August 13-16. The meeting focused on evaluating trends and
goals for the recovery of freshwater turtle populations.
Around the College
CLAS Faculty Honored
Buzz Holling (Zoology) will be awarded the Eminent Ecologist Award at
the Ecological Society of America meeting August 7-14 in Spokane, Washing-
ton. This is the premiere award of the ecological society.
English professor Jim Haskins' book Separate But Not Equal (Scholastic,
1998) has been named to Voice of Youth Advocates' fourth annual Nonfiction
Sociology professor and Center for Criminology and Law
Director Ron Akers' alma mater, the University of Kentucky,
'has announced that it has received a gift from one of the
SCLAS professor's former students, allowing UK (with match-
ing state funds) to establish a permanent endowed profes-
sorship in Akers' name. Sociology chair Mike Radelet calls
the new endowment "unquestionably one of the very highest
honors ever received by any member of this faculty."
CLAS Professors Organize International Conference
English professors Norman Holland and Andrew Gordon organized the
16th International Conference on Literature and Psychology, held July 8-12 in
Urbino, Italy. Sixty-five papers were presented by 105 conferees from Italy,
France, Portugal, the Netherlands, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Russia, Swe-
den, Israel, Cyprus, South Africa, USA, and Canada. Participants from UF
were Holland, speaking on \ ly Shakespeare in Love"; Gordon, "Racism as
a Project: Guess Who's Coming to Dinner" (written with Hernan Vera of the
Sociology Dept.); Maureen Turim (English), "The Fantasy Image: Fixed or
Moving?"; Sylvie Blum (Romance Languages), "Memento Mori: Boltanski's
Monuments to Mourning and Loss"; Anne Wyatt-Brown (Linguistics), "The
Rise and Fall of Jerzy Kosinski"; and Bertram Wyatt-Brown (History), "Poe's
Raven: Influence, Alienation, and Art."
Faculty Nominees Sought for
Howard Foundation Fellowships
The George A. and Eliza Gardner Howard
Foundation seeks to aid the personal development
of promising individuals at the crucial middle
stages of their careers. Nine fellowships will be
offered for 2000-2001 to support persons engaged
in independent projects in the fields of Anthro-
pology, Philosophy and Sociology.
Stipends of $20,000 will be given for a period
of one year; awards are made for projects requir-
ing full-time work over an extended period of
time. Applicants should be in the middle stages
of their careers and free of all other professional
responsibilities during their fellowship year.
Support is intended to augment paid sabbatical
leaves, making it financially possible for grantees
to have an entire year in which to pursue their
projects. Accepted nominees should therefore
be eligible for sabbaticals or other leave with
guaranteed additional support. Nominees should
normally have the rank of assistant or associate
professor or their non-academic equivalents.
Applicants associated with an academic
institution must be nominated by the president
of the institution or a designated representa-
tive. Each institution may nominate only three
candidates -one in each eligible field. To permit
coordination of UF nominations, projects should
be submitted to Ms. Rosie Warner, College of
Liberal Arts and Sciences, 2121 Turlington
Hall, 2-0783, by SEPTEMBER 24, 1999. Final
nominations are due October 19, 1999.
Anderson Empties in Wave of Departmental Moves
CLAS departments and offices located in Anderson Hall relocated this summer to accommodate
extensive renovations of the building. Both historic Anderson Hall and its mate, the long-aban-
doned Keene-Flint Hall, should be restored and ready for rehabitation late in the year 2000.
Pro vimicrllv in A nrlorcnn I-InII
Academic Spoken English
(overflow TAs and faculty)
Romance I .In, and Lit.
(overflow I \ ,.md faculty)
Yon Hall, 2nd floor
McCarty C, 1st floor
Yon Hall, 2nd floor
Yon Hall, 2nd floor
Yon Hall, 2nd floor
Yon Hall, 2nd floor
Turlington 3355 & 3357
Prail.njichl i.anriarcn Unit MOW I.... nl-nfin. Mnit i.. g Vir c Ph naM Y
Fitz Brundage, Chair
T he Department of History continues to be engaged in an ongoing process of transformation. During
the past decade we have had an infusion of new talent to such an extent that roughly a third of the
department of 36 were hired after 1990. Despite this turnover in faculty, the department has main-
tained its core strengths in American, Latin American, African, and European history. These recent hires
partially compensate for the loss of distinguished colleagues and ensure our program's vitality for the fore-
The department's dedication to undergraduate teaching also endures. We face, along with all depart-
ments in the humanities, the challenge of insisting upon the relevance of thinking historically and of pro-
moting the value of the humanities to students who generally are oriented toward non-humanities majors.
One reassuring sign that we are succeeding in this mission is the recent increase in the number of majors in
history. Despite enrollment pressures, we remain committed to offering rigorous undergraduates courses, as evidenced by our intensive,
limited enrollment junior colloquia. The department also has introduced a 3/2 degree program so that some of our best undergraduates
can enjoy the challenges and benefits of intensive study in graduate seminars.
A recent and exciting development is the University's expanding resources for graduate education. This year we welcome 25 in-
coming graduate students, one of our largest classes in years. These students include a sizeable number of 3/2 and MA students, as well
as PhD students from across the country. Our graduate program's strengths, which reflect the geographical and methodological diversity
of our faculty's interests, attract an equally diverse graduate student population. Our challenge now is to make sure that the gradu-
ate students we train are competitive in an unusually complex and cutthroat job market. To date, the department's placement record is
impressive, but we fully understand that in an era of adjuncts, part-time appointments, and diminishing post-docs, we cannot be compla-
A final challenge facing our department is the same one confronting the broader academic community, namely how can a vital and
creative community of scholars be sustained at a time when the forces of academic entropy are great? Not only must we merge the tal-
ents of established senior faculty with junior faculty, but we must also forge a broader community across disciplinary boundaries. This
goal is obviously an ambitious-perhaps even utopian-aspiration, but it nevertheless remains a vital one.
Nigel Smith, Chair
ere in the United States, the discipline of geography suffers from a bit of an image problem. In the
public's mind, geography is often confused with geology (no offense intended to distinguished
colleagues in the Department of Geology). And for many, geography consists of the rather boring
task of locating capitals of the world on a map. In Europe and most developing countries, however, geogra-
phy is seen as a vital part of the core curriculum beginning in elementary schools. Fortunately, geography in
America is undergoing a revival of sorts as our politicians lament a lack of "geographic knowledge" among
Students and as governments, development agencies, and the business community increasingly appreciate the
I iJ perspectives and skills offered by geographers.
I Although Geography at UF is a relatively small program with 15 faculty, we are well-positioned to take
advantage of increased opportunities for geographers both inside and outside of academia. We contribute to
the general education of UF undergraduates while also training individuals for employment with bachelors,
masters, and doctoral degrees. Our main thematic strengths include natural resource management for sustainable development; climate
change, fluvial processes, and impacts of natural hazards; and locational analysis and diffusion of technical innovations. On the regional
level, we are one of the top five departments in the nation in Latin American geography, and we also have significant strengths in Afri-
can geography. Consequently, we have strong ties to two thriving centers on campus: the Center for Latin American Studies and Center
for African Studies.
On the "technique" side, we have made a major commitment to strengthen our expertise in GIS (Geographic Information Systems),
remote sensing and computer cartography, essential tools that underpin our teaching and research efforts at the thematic and regional
levels. Our GIS and remote sensing lab is attracting students from all over campus; GIS serves as a common "language" for so many
disciplines and thus reinforces our central position in the academic community, bridging the physical/natural and social sciences.
While geography at UF is relatively high tech (it is near the top of the college, for example, in the use of computers for teaching and
research), we value sound scholarship. Several of our faculty are Fulbright, Guggenheim, Linnean Society of London, and Humboldt
Fellows, and many of us have recently published books with major scientific publishing houses. We have thus assembled a team that
will help society address the many challenges facing humanity in the next century.
Voice Production and Pathology
by Christine Sapienza
Communication Sciences and Disorders
In the Department of Communication
Sciences and Disorders' Laryngeal
Function Laboratory (located in the
lower level of Dauer Hall) we not only study
voice production, we help people regain it.
In our efforts to combine scientific inquiry
with clinical practice, we handle an interest-
ing variety of projects:
Much of our work has focused on
the study of Spasmodic Dysphonia, a rare
neurological disorder that causes the voice
to uncontrollably break. It makes talking
left untreated, Jeniffer Dutka,
can be very PhD graduate of
debilitating. In CSD (now on fac-
the lab we are ulty at UCF), uses
examining the a facemask, mag-
characteristics netometer and
of this disorder, surface electrode
how it changes pairs to measure
the airflow and
as a function of e mov n
treatment and of a test subject.
learn to com-
pensate for the
While the laboratory is dedicated to studying
the physiology of this disorder, our long-
term goal is to assist in developing a positive
treatment outcome for patients.
One of the other major areas of inquiry
in our field is determining the role of the
respiratory system in producing voice. Any
great singer will tell you that breath support
is critical for good voice production. But
what is the right amount of breath support
for a singer? Does the breathing process
for a singer differ from the process for a
nonsinger? How do you measure someone's
breathing or, for that matter, his or her
pattern of breathing? Specialized instru-
mentation (see photos above and 1, u1 i for
quantifying lung volume and for tracking
the movement patterns of the rib cage and
abdomen during speech and song allow us
to gather this kind of data in the Laryngeal
Function Lab. Our work indicates that, from
a physiological perspective, trained sing-
ers operate differently than nonsingers, and
that training a singer does indeed influence
and enhance his/her pattern of breathing and
voice production. Breath alterations (such
as changing patterns of lung volume and
rib expansion) are most typically learned
by the singer in order to help develop the
pressure needed to produce an adequate
vocal loudness and tone. These altera-
tions are specifically effective in prevent-
ing singers from developing larynx and
other long-term voice use problems.
As part of a new Department of
Defense-funded project, we are also
studying why Navy divers experience a
greater sensation of
pressed to 1000 feet
below sea level. Cur-
rently, these divers try
to communicate the
best they can with he-
lium-altered voices and
hand signals at depths
that are often greater
than 190 feet below sea
level. Although there
are unscramblers that
transmit their voices
to the surface, the
Navy Experimental Dive Unit (NEDU)
in Panama City, FL. still feels the divers
are breathing with too much
effort and wants our team
to improve their breathing
With the personnel at
NEDU, as well as colleagues ,
from the Department of
Physiological Sciences (Paul \Ik
Davenport) and Physical
Therapy (Danny Martin), Ana Men
we are studying the div- Schwart
ers' physical adjustments to a PhD st
breathing and speaking in Chris Sa
their diving environments. Larynges
The breathing and voice tests Lab, use
are done in a sophisticated to docurr
dry chamber in Panama of test sL
City. The chamber simulates hod ab
atmospheric conditions of electrode
500 and 1,000 feet below sea moveme
level. The subj
Navy divers spend many and voic
hours conditioning their physiolo(
Christine Sapienza in the Dauer Hall
Laryngeal Function Laboratory
legs and arms during their current training
program, and our team will enhance this
regimen by creating a training component
that increases respiratory strength, allow-
ing them to breathe easier, thereby influ-
encing their ability to do physical work
and communicate simultaneously while at
significant depths. We look forward to the
outcome of this study, a truly collaborative
effort with potential results that will influ-
ence both dive time and safety.
Such high-level scientific inquiry is
critical for shaping what we do as rehabili-
tation specialists, and it also teaches our
students that basic science is the corner-
stone to clinical practice.%
s specialized recording instrumentation
lent and evaluate the breathing patterns
objects. A student subject is shown (right)
ip to a magnetometer on his ribcage
omen, and wearing three surface EMG
Spairs (one for sensing ribcage muscle
nt, and two for abdominal movement).
ect talks and sings into a microphone,
e is recorded along with corresponding
R leading, continued from page 1
four basic syllable types, and once you know them you can sound
out and spell words much better," says Lombardino. Most of us
understand these rules intuitively, without consciously committing
them to memory; in fact, we don't even necessarily know the rules
exist. Teaching these kinds of rules to people with developmental
This type of research may
also eventually lead to the
development of imaging
procedures that can help
identify children who are at
risk for reading disorders
as early as three or four
dyslexia helps them break
down language into its
essential parts, bridging a
neurological gap and al-
lowing them to grasp ex-
plicitly what the rest of us
take for granted. "While
problems make this type
of learning and remem-
bering slow and difficult,
persons with develop-
mental dyslexia can be
helped to read, spell, and
write more effectively,"
Lombardino stresses. In fact, many of the patients she treats are
gifted students, who thrive when taught through the multi-sensory
Developmental dyslexia, like all learning disabilities, is brain-based
and can't be "cured," but Lombardino points out that scientists and
health practitioners are beginning to realize that the brain is far
more adaptable than was once thought. Lombardino and fellow
researcher Christiana Leonard, Department of Neuroscience, hope
to prove that certain kinds of intervention may help the dyslexic
brain forge new connections, diminishing language problems (not
just compensating for them) in the long run. "While I doubt that
we can alter biology to the extent that the reading disability can
be completely reversed, we are hoping that we can increase the
efficiency of the neural processing of print in persons with dyslexia
by stimulating areas of the brain that are typically most active dur-
ing reading." And if multi-sensory intervention can enhance the
brain's ability to make stronger memories for sound-letter associa-
tions and letter sequences (to increase the rate and accuracy of word
recognition), then persons with dyslexia should be able to enjoy the
permanent ability to read more efficiently and with greater speed.
With Leonard, Lombardino received NIH funding five years ago to
study brain-behavior patterns in children as they acquire language.
They used MRI technology to compare the size and shape of brain
structures associated with language processing in children with
normal language and compared them to MRIs from children with
specific language impairments but no other learning difficulties.
They found definite differences between the two groups, support-
ing their hypothesis that language impairment is a consequence of
an underlying neurobiological defect.
They now plan to extend their research to use functional magnetic
imagining (fMRI) to examine the effects of reading intervention
on the brain activity of children who have developmental dyslexia.
This interest was spawned by a recent Yale study that used fMRI
to record images of the brains of adults with dyslexia and controls
without dyslexia, taken while these subjects were performing cer-
tain reading tasks. They found that adults with dyslexia had less
brain activation, due to decreased cerebral blood flow in the pos-
terior areas of the brain, where reading is understood to be primar-
ily processed. "That was the first real evidence that there are truly
functional brain differences with dyslexics," she explains. "We're
hoping to use the same type of scanning protocols on children with
dyslexia. We'll do a fMIRI of their brains while they're doing a
reading task before we treat them, we'll treat them intensively
with multi-sensory program and then do a follow up fMRI to see
if we've increased brain activity in posterior brain areas. They
are hoping that continued research in this area will help them to
document the efficacy of their intervention treatments- such as the
aforementioned multisensory approach-and to record associated
neurobiological changes. This type of research may also eventu-
ally lead to the development of imaging procedures that can help
identify children who are at risk for reading disorders as early as
three or four years old.
Though a great deal of their time is spent working with
children, Lombardino and her CSD colleague Henriette Le Grand
also treat adults in the UF Speech and Hearing Clinic. These
adults are often college students who, "bright and in spite of their
problems, made it here and hit brick wall when they had to take a
foreign language or fast paced course-both exceedingly difficult
for dyslexics," she notes.
"At the adult level we often
tions rather than treatment,
since the person has often
coping strategies." For ex-
ample, instructors are asked
to assist dyslexic students
by providing extra time for
exams (or giving untimed
exams), substituting oral
tests for written ones, over-
looking spelling problems,
and/or waiving language re-
quirements. "We try to give
the University the informa-
tion it needs to best serve
each student, but we've
found that certain fields,
such as journalism, are not
wise for these students to go
into," she adds, "so some-
times we advise students to
redirect their talents."
While I doubt that we
can alter biology to the
extent that the reading
disability can be com-
pletely reversed, we
are hoping that we can
increase the efficiency
of the neural processing
of print in persons with
dyslexia by stimulating
areas of the brain that
are typically most active
Lombardino's teaching reflects her research and clinical work.
She offers mainly graduate courses focused on preparing students
to become speech language pathologists, concentrating on language
learning disabilities, both oral and written. Through all aspects of
her work, Lombardino's goal remains the same: "to help persons
with developmental dyslexia finds ways to conquer roadblocks that
stand in the way of achieving their life goals."%
Improving Patients' Quality of Life
An interview with Carl Crandell
t's been a busy year for professors in the Department of Commu-
nication Sciences and Disorders. As part of their new doctoral
degree in audiology, the Department teaches on-campus candi-
dates, as well as over 235 students and audiologists from all over the
country via distance learning, cementing the program's reputation as
a national trend-setter. In addition, CSD faculty are unique in CLAS,
as they not only teach, conduct research and publish, but also treat
patients in the UF Speech and Hearing Clinic (fourth floor Dauer
Cn: How do you and other CSC profes-
sors manage combining so many ele-
CC: I think to some extent we have gotten
ourselves in the not so unusual position of
being overworked (laughs). Actually, in
many ways combining all these elements
has practical advantages. For example,
cases I treat in the clinic give me ideas
for new research projects, teaching ideas
come from the lab and the clinic, while my
research results often change my approach
in the clinic.
Cn: Tell us about your current research.
CC: The most exciting thing I'm doing
right now is conducting studies that look at
the relationship between hearing loss and
overall quality of life.
one's degree of hearing
loss and his/her quality of life and physical
health. This makes sense because hear-
ing loss reduces communication which
can increase isolation, eventually leading
to withdrawal from society, aggravation,
frustration and even depression. Psycho-
social problems like these can, in turn,
contribute to serious functional/physical
Our work shows that improving com-
munication via hearing aids positively
impacts these problems. Within only
three months of wearing a hearing aid, an
individual's psychosocial status (and there-
fore quality of life) improves drastically.
I'm not saying that by improving com-
munication we're directly improving phys-
ical problems, but improving
seems to decrease the impact
of those physical problems on
an individual. If hearing loss Carl Cra
has diminished your contact ders, in
with people and you're sitting Below, k
at home isolated, not doing which ca
the things you like to do,
suffering from arthritis, heart problems or
other illnesses, you'd probably tune into
those problems more than you would if
you were out actively enjoying the world.
No one has studied hearing aids and
health explicitly, but the literature shows
that active, upbeat people are healthier-
they beat cancers more easily, for example,
than those with psychosocial problems.
Hearing aids can help overcome the psy-
chosocial problems which can minimize
the quality of life concerns, which in turn
overcome a lot of the functional health
problems. We're hoping to take these find-
ings into the health care field to show that
insurance companies should be purchasing
high technology hearing aids for appropri-
ate patients-if for no other reason than
because it could be an effective tool in re-
ducing patient visits for other complaints.
Twenty-nine million people in this
country suffer from hearing loss, and only
around 20 percent are currently using hear-
ing aids. So there are a lot of people out
there that could stand to benefit.
Cn: You're currently working on a book
with UF architecture professor Gary
Seabine which examines how classroom
acoustics affect school children.
CC: Yes, we've just started on that. I've
been working in this area for about a
We've done numerous studies that
ndell, Communication Sciences and Disor-
a UF Center for Speech and Language lab.
eft, Crandell holds two types of hearing aids
in improve patients' quality of life.
show that noise and reverberations in
normal classroom environments can very
significantly influence the academic per-
formance of many populations of children,
including children with even mild degrees
of hearing loss, those under 15 years old
(because their auditory abilities haven't
fully developed yet), and those with at-
tention deficit, ESL, language, reading or
speech problems. In a typical classroom,
the noise and reverberation will not allow
these children to understand the teacher
and learn the way they should.
Cn: Can this be addressed?
CC: Definitely. By improving the envi-
ronment through technology, we find, for
example, that many ADD kids no longer
need Ritalin. If you're sitting in a room
and can only hear 50% of what is being
said, how long is your attention going to be
there? It's hard enough for school kids to
pay attention as it is.
We've been looking at one technol-
ogy in particular, called Sound Field FM
Amplification [Crandell has a book out
on the subject], where the teacher wears a
microphone and his/her voice is transmit-
ted through the room on loud speakers.
There have been over 40 studies done that
have shown very positive effects using this
technology in classrooms. Not only can
it improve the acoustical environment and
See Crandell, page 10
(through the Division of Sponsored Research)
May 1999 Total: $3,397,155
Investigator Dept. Agency
Corporate ............ $242,215
Hudlicky, T. CHEM Procter and Gamble Company
Lancaster Synthesis Inc.
Expedition Travel Inc
Bernard, H. ANTH NSF
Chen, K. AST NASA
Elston, R. AST NSF
Hamann, F AST NASA
Chege, M. CAS DOE
Chege, M. CAS DOE
Bartlett, R. CHEM US Air Force
Benner, S. CHEM NIH
Bowers, C. CHEM NSF
Butler, G. CHEM NSF
Horenstein, B. CHEM NSF
Kennedy, R. CHEM NIH
Reynolds, J. CHEM US Air Force
Richards, N. CHEM NIH
Talham, D. CHEM NSF
Winefordner, J. CHEM
Yost, R. CHEM
Mingo, G. DSSP
Henretta, J. GERO'
Hager, W. MATH
McCullough, S. MATH
Chen, Y. MATH
Mair, B. MATH
Branch, M. PSYCH
Rinzler, A. PHY
Ingersent, J. PHY
Sullivan, N. PHY
Dufty, J. PHY
Sullivan, N. PHY
Adams, E. PHY
Tanner, D. PHY
Ipser, J. PHY
Ingersent, J. PHY
Carter, R. STAT
Shuster, J. STAT
Garvan, C. STAT
Agresti, A. STAT
Evans, D. ZOO
Guillette, L. ZOO
Levey D. ZOO
80,000 Organic synthetic methods and services in matrix-metalloproteases inhibitors and prostaglandin
2,000 Miles compound contract.
25,335 Upjohn service contract.
3,880 Miles compound contract.
70,000 Chemical reagent development.
50,000 Probing single molecules.
11,000 Miscellaneous donors.
REU for John Dominy counting the uncountable: investigations into social networks.
USRP: archiving UF observations of photometric binaries.
Exploring the evolution of galaxies and large scale structure at Z>1.
Chemical abundances and evolution in quasars and active galactic nuclei.
Administrative: national resource center, foreign language and area studies fellowships.
Training: national resource center, foreign language and area studies fellowships.
Identification and synthesis of high nitrogen propellants.
Expert system for predicting protein secondary structure.
Enhanced sensitivity NMR studies of nanostructured electronic materials.
Dispersion, agglomeration and consolidation.
Mechanism and inhibitor design for sialyltransferase and education in biochemistry.
In vivo chemical monitoring using capillary separations.
Reactive conjugated oligomers for conducting elastomers and star polymers.
Arparagine biosynthesis in normal and tumor cells.
Supramolecular assembly at interfaces: coordinate covalent networks and polygons at the air/wa-
46,649 Tungsten complexes as MOCVD precursors to tungsten nitride.
8,871 Advanced measurements and characterization.
30,000 Analysis of human and host animal emanations for the presence of attractions to hematophagous
297,760 Upward Bound-University of Florida.
21,734 Asset and health dynamics among the oldest old.
17,340 Innovative sparse matrix algorithms.
56,439 Topics in dilation theory.
93,082 Interdisciplinary study in image and signal processing.
97,260 Practical training in emission tomography.
Behavioral determinants of cocaine tolerance.
Artificial muscle arrays.
REU site in physics at the University of Florida.
227,302 Magnetic resonance imaging user facility.
Charged particle dynamics in nonequilibrium states.
Ultra high B/T user facility (NHMFL).
Magnetic ordering in solid 3He.
Thermo-optical response of high-temperature superconducting films.
Theoretical astrophysics and gravitational physics.
69,000 REU site in physics at the University of Florida.
41,915 RPICC data systems.
1,724,178 Pediatric oncology group statistical office.
8,416 Project CARE (Cocaine Abuse in the Rural Environment).
83,471 Statistical inference for sparse categorical data.
77,000 Is nitric oxide or a prostaglandin the endothelium-derived relaxing factor in fishes.
62,184 Endocrine disrupting contaminants in Southern Florida wetlands: effects in non-mammalian
220,618 Collaborative research: patches, corridors and dispersal of insects and plants: scaling up from
See Grants, page 10
June 1999 Total: $733,403
Investigator Dept. Agency
Corporate ............. $275,012
Dolbier, W CHEM Specialty Coating Systems Inc
Harrison, W CHEM LECO Corporation
Katritzky, A. CHEM Coelacanth Corporation
Katritzky, A. CHEM Monsanto Company
Pleasants, J. HIST Gainesville Sun
New methods for the synthesis and production of fluorinated paracyclophones.
Pulsed glow discharge studies by atomic emission and time of flight mass spectrometry.
Moseley, M. ANTH NSF
Schmink M. ANTH
Dermott, S. AST
Lada, E. AST
Mukherjee, J. AST
Shyy W. AST
Shyy W. AST
Colgate, S. CHEM
Duran, R. CHEM
Reynolds, J. CHEM
Schanze, K. CHEM
Hodell, D. GEOL
Martin, E. GEOL
Buchler, J. PHY
Hirschfeld, P PHY
Korytov, A. PHY
Mitselmakher, G. PHY
Mitselmakher, G. PHY
Takano, Y. PHY
Tanner, D. PHY
Stewart, G. PHY
Ohr, Y. QTP
Carter, R. STAT
Bjorndal, K. ZOO
Bolten, A. ZOO
11,974 WARI administration and residential space in the Osmore Drainage.
11,960 Effects of market economies on ethnobotanical knowledge among Tsimane communities in the
22,000 Detecting planets in circumstellar disk.
22,000 Looking for variations in the initial mass function: first comprehensive near-infrared spectroscop-
ic survey of young clusters.
22,000 The characterization of the chemical and physical properties of the comae of comet Hale-Bopp
(1955 01) and comet Hyakutak.
2,600 Florida space grant consortium.
32,400 Florida space grant consortium.
Acoustic resonance spectrometer.
19,922 Research experiences for undergraduates in CHEMU at the University of Florida.
39,808 Active camouflage polymer coatings.
25,000 Photophysics of mono-disperse metal-organic oligomers.
38,366 Climate variability and ecologic change in Mesoamerica during the late Holocene: implications
for Maya culture.
24,194 ND isotope investigation of North Atlantic deep water population over the past 25,000 years and
education in GEO.
NSF 23,843 Asymptotic topology of metric spaces.
80,000 Nonlinear stellar pulsations.
Transport in unconventional superconductors.
Endcap MUON system development for the CMS project in FY 99.
Advanced research at the LIGO Livingston Observatory.
325,000 Gravitational waves and their detection: research in LIGO.
US Dept. of Commerce
Foundation .......... $117,360
Burns, A. ANTH UF Foundation
Ardelt, M. SOC Brookdale Foundation
Mossa, J GEOG Water Management Districts
Colburn, D. HIST FL Institute of Government
Telesco, C. AST Assn of Univ For Res In Astron
Baum, R. PHIL Multiple Sources
Hollinger, R. SOC Multiple Sources
Quantum nuclear magnets and superfluid 4He innanopores.
Active camouflage polymer coatings.
Cooperative phenomena (superconductivity/magnetism ground state formation) in heavy fermion
Instrumentation for dynamics.
Informatics-database management for Florida Birth Defects Registry.
Sea turtle monitoring at Dry Tortugas National Park.
24,800 Use of satellite telemetry to estimate post-hooking mortality of loggerhead sea turtles in pelagic
12,360 Dissertation fellowships.
105,000 Aging and dying well-similarities and differences.
24,000 Interagency agreement for review and verification of water-use data.
95,000 The Reubin D. Askew Institute on Politics and Society
25,616 Design, fabrication and commissioning of the mid-infrared imager for the Gemini 8-M telescopes.
10,000 Business and professional ethics journal.
5,195 Security research project.
Office Staff: CSD
SVirginia Dawson (left), Senior Secretary for the UF Speech
and Hearing Clinic since 1992, collects fees and handles
clients and patient scheduling. Idella King (center), Com-
munication Sciences and Disorders Senior Secretary for the
past seven years, handles departmental and graduate af-
fairs. Brenda Wise (right) is the Office Manager for CSD and
IASCP (Institute for the Advanced Study of the Communication
Processes [the research arm of the Department]); she handles
grants, payroll, personnel and appointments, and has been
with the department for six years.
Crandell, continued from page 7
help academic performance, but it's also extremely cost-effective. Over a ten-year period it costs just a few dollars per child. Reading
scores go up, academic scores go up, and failure rates go way down.
It's an area that until now, educators haven't really considered. We're working right now on the Federal level to establish appro-
priate acoustics standards for classrooms (there are currently no standards). My mentor Fred Bess at Vanderbilt just did a study that
shows that children with very slight hearing loss have a 37% failure rate-as compared to a 3% failure rate in the general population.
One of the major differences he found between kids with hearing loss and those with normal hearing was self esteem, which was much
poorer in kids with even very slight hearing loss. So this work has great implications. We hope to have the federal standards in place
in next couple of years. All new classrooms will have to meet these standards, and the Sound Field technology can help with older
classrooms. In some cases, just fixing the AC or the lighting system in an older classroom can effectively reduce noise.
Cn: It must be rewarding to see your work improve people's lives.
CC: I really enjoy what I do because it has immediate applications. I like to see kids passing who were once failing. I like to work
with patients here in the clinic and see them reentering the world and enjoying life because now they can hear. That's what makes
this field so exciting.%$
Grants, continued from page 8
D'Amico, R. PHIL U F Foundation 3,151 Dissertation fellowships.
Emmel, T. ZOO Miscellaneous Donors 8,500 Miscellaneous donors.
Emmel, T. ZOO Miscellaneous Donors 6,200 Miscellaneous donors.
Martin, J. GEOL Water Management Districts 72,997 Quantification of ground water discharge and resulting chemical loading to the Indian River
Scicchitano, M. POLISCI University of Florida 8,000 A survey of Florida residents about UF agriculture and natural resource research.
Chapman, L. ZOO Beinecke Memorial Scholarship 3,500 Ugandan student support.
Tanner, D. PHY Miscellaneous Donors 1,406 Miscellaneous donors.
Colonial Habits: Convents and the
Spiritual Economy of Cuzco, Peru
Katherine Burns (History)
Duke University Press
(from book jacket)
In Colonial Habits Kathryn Burns trans-
forms our view of nuns as marginal re-
cluses, making them central actors on the
colonial stage. Beginning with the 1558
founding of South America's first convent,
Burns shows that nuns in Cuzco played a
vital part in subjugating Incas, creating a
creole elite, and reproducing an Andean
colonial order in which economic and spiri-
tual interests were inextricably fused.
Based on unprecedented archival
research, Colonial Habits demonstrates
how nuns became leading guarantors of
their city's social order by making loans,
managing property, containing "unruly"
women, and raising girls. ...By the nine-
teenth century, the nuns had retreated
from their previous roles, marginalized in
the construction of a new republican order.
and its earli-
were vital to
Cuzco, help- m
capital of the
Incas into a
center of Spanish colonialism. For it was
not enough for Spanish men to seize the
Inca heartland. To gain firm control over
the Andes, these would-be lords had to
find the means to reproduce themselves--
theirlineages, authority, culture. Cloister-
ing their mestiza daughters at a particular-
ly sensitive moment in the consolidation of
Spanish rule gave the leading Spaniards
of Cuzco the means to do this, and thus
stake a permanent claim to power in the
Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Ap-
Walter S. Judd (Botany), Christopher S.
Campbell, Elizabeth A. Kellogg,
Peter F. Stevens
SinauerAssociates, Inc., Publishers
(from publisher's summary)
Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Ap-
proach is an introductory text that in-
principles lant Systematics
the initial two
ic survey of
families in the last two chapters.
...A chapter on the history of plant
classification puts current systematic
methods in a historical context. Issues
relating to variation in plant populations
and species, including discussion of
speciation, species concepts, polyploidy,
hybridization, breeding systems, and
introgression are carefully considered.
Finally, botanical nomenclature and field
and herbarium methods are discussed in
The text is copiously illustrated, using
in large part the informative analytical
drawings developed as part of the Generic
Flora of the Southeastern United States
project. The text is accompanied by a CD-
ROM, containing over 600 color photos
illustrating the variability of the vascular
plant families covered in the text.
Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Ap-
proach is appropriate for any course de-
voted to the systematics of angiosperms
or vascular plants and, secondarily, for
local flora courses. The text assumes
no prerequisites other than introductory
botany or biology.
Plato's Reception of Parmenides
John A. Palmer (Philosophy)
Oxford University Press
(from book jacket)
John Palmer presents a new and original
account of Plato's uses and understanding
of his most important Presocratic prede-
cessor, Parmenides. Adopting an innova-
tive approach to the appraisal of intel-
lectual influence, Palmer first explores the
Eleatic underpinnings of central elements
in Plato's middle-period epistemology and
metaphysics. He then shows how in the
later dialogues Plato confronts various so-
phistic appropriations of Parmenides while
simultaneously developing his own deep-
ened understanding....By tracing connec-
tions among the uses of Parmenides over
the course of several dialogues, Palmer
both demonstrates his fundamental
importance to the development of Plato's
thought and furthers understanding of cen-
tral problems in Plato's own philosophy.
(excerpt from introduction)
...we must try to understand Parmenides
as Plato did if we are to be in any position
to speak meaningfully about Parmenides'
leads to quite
For it involves
us in the
process of in-
ing of Par-
his actual use
of him. Plato
nowhere simply sets out his view of
Parmenides. We are therefore always
forced to piece together his interpretation
from his integrated use of Parmenides at
various periods, with all the difficulties this
involves. These difficulties are multiplied
by the fact that Plato is, as we shall see,
also concerned with contemporary or
near-contemporary uses of Parmenides
that are in conflict with his own.
Musings, continued from page 1
was how much better they were than UF.
Often, it just wasn't so. Some of it may be
an undercurrent of Groucho Marx: I don't
care to belong to any club that will have
me as a member. Most of it is simply a
lack of appreciation for how good the UF
programs have become.
Our true image has to be based on the
quality of the faculty, students, and pro-
grams that comprise this institution. The
quality of UF is in constant flux because
we are changing rapidly. The most impor-
tant element in any quality assessment is
the faculty. Consider this: approximately
half of the current CLAS faculty here were
not here in 1988. Yes, many of the good
faculty from that time are still here, but
normal turnover and new hires have also
injected new ideas, new programs, and
new instruction areas into CLAS. And the
rebuilding continues-about 35 new fac-
ulty will join us this fall, and we anticipate
another 40-45 next year. The stimulat-
ing effect of these welcome additions is
incalculable. It also means that our image
needs regular updating to reflect the as-
We are not yet Michigan or Illinois, but
we are gaining on them. And they are
looking over their shoulders at this brash
upstart coming up on the rail. I have the
opportunity annually to meet in a very
informal setting with my fellow Arts &
Sciences deans from the AAU public
universities. There we candidly discuss
common problems and opportunities. It is
an interesting calibration point for all of us
to share data, complaints, and ideas. Sure,
I envy some of their programs, but they
also are openly envious of UF's advances
and, more to the point, the outstanding
prospects that we have for the next decade.
Florida represents the future. We are a
work in progress that much of the country
will be watching with great interest.
Image building is a fragile undertaking.
If that image reflects faithfully what is
taking place at UF-and that is the stated
intention-we will do nothing but gain
from the process. Ourjob in the colleges
is to see that image has a hard time keep-
ing up with reality.
A Note From the Chair
Sam Brown, Chair
Communication Sciences and Disorders
O ver the past decade or so, the Department of
Communication Sciences and Disorders (CSD)
has undergone several name changes. The
present name is consistent with a majority of other simi-
lar departments around the nation and more adequately
reflects the true nature of the department-the study of
the science of human communication and the communi-
catively disordered population.
Like many programs in the college and throughout
the university, CSD, which is housed in Dauer Hall,
has experienced considerable growth in the past decade at both the undergraduate and
graduate levels. Speech-language pathology and audiology practitioners are in great
demand in our public schools, hospitals, private practices and industry throughout the
state and the nation. UF students find this open job market appealing and the speech-
language-hearing profession to be an exciting and challenging one. Presently, the
on-campus program in CSD has over 420 undergraduate students enrolled in the major,
and approaching 100 graduate majors seeking their master's and doctoral degrees.
Presently, the on-campus
program in CSD has over
420 undergraduate students
enrolled in the major, and
approaching 100 graduate
majors seeking their master's
and doctoral degrees.
Along with the PhD, one of the more excit-
ing degree programs instituted this past
academic year is the Doctor of Audiology
degree (AuD), which is a shared clinical
degree by both CLAS and the College of
Health Professions. The on-campus AuD
program presently enrolls 15 new students
each Fall, in a four-year program, and
has well over 200 students enrolled in the
distance learning program throughout the
USA. The distance learning program is
tailored to MA audiology practitioners who
wish to upgrade their professional skills and
to obtain the AuD, which will serve as the
entry level degree into the audiology profes-
sion by the year 2007.
The 20 faculty members in the department conduct research in nearly all aspects
of normal and disordered communication, including voice, phonetics, phonology,
language, neurogenics, disfluency, hearing, and augmentative and alternative commu-
nication. The Institute for Advanced Study of the Communication Processes (IASCP),
also housed in Dauer Hall, serves as the research arm of the department where various
grants and contracts from NIH, NSF, DOE, the military and private agencies help sup-
port faculty/student research.
Finally, the department administers UNIVERSITY OF
the UF Speech and Hearing Clinic, of- FD A
fearing outpatient services to speech-lan- I AA
guage-hearing impaired individuals in CLASnotes is published monthly by the College
the university and the greater Gainesville of LiberalArts and Sciences to inform faculty and
community. The clinic services more staff of current research and events.
than 350 patients per year and provides Dean: Will Harrison
one of several primary practicum sites Editor: Jane Gibson
for graduate students in both speech Graphics: Jane Dominguez
language pathology and audil ,1 ,,