Around the college
 Grants awarded through Division...
 Book beat
 A note from the chair


CLAS notes
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Title: CLAS notes the monthly news publication of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- College of Arts and Sciences
Publisher: College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Creation Date: May 1999
Frequency: monthly
Subjects / Keywords: Education, humanistic -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
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Holding Location: George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
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Table of Contents
        Page 1
    Around the college
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Grants awarded through Division of Sponsored Research
        Page 9
        Page 10
    Book beat
        Page 11
    A note from the chair
        Page 12
Full Text

May 1999

A Good Year
With the recent graduation of the Class
of 1999 comes the opportunity to look
back at the 1998-99 academic year. There
was much to like. In fact, it was one of
the best years of the past decade. Granted,
the 1990s had a fair number of bummer
years, particularly in the first half, but the
past 4-5 years have seen a most welcome
turnaround in fiscal solvency, which has
resulted in enhanced academic initiatives.
I offer here my thanks to the faculty, stu-
dents, and staff who have done so much for
CLAS in 1998-99.
A highlight of any year is the outstand-
ing group of students who take degrees
from CLAS. For example, among our
undergraduates, we find that eight stu-
dents completed their degrees with perfect
4.0 grade point averages, and another 61
students showed GPAs better than 3.90.
This is not the result of grade inflation, as
the CLAS average GPA has changed very
little in the past 10 years. These students
got their grades the old fashioned way;
they earned them. Our graduate students
do equally well, although we tend to focus
more on their research accomplishments
rather than classroom performance. Our
new Gator graduates are finding ready op-
portunities in a receptive marketplace.
The faculty haven't done too shabbily
themselves. Obviously, space here pre-
cludes even a partial listing of the prizes,
awards, grants, and honors they have
received, whereby they gain recognition
for themselves, CLAS, and UF. Our faculty
are involved in national and international
studies of great significance. They are in
constant demand from numerous agencies,
foundations, and the press as sources of
expertise and information.
We welcomed a new group of about 30
faculty last fall, and during 1998-99 we
have recruited and hired another similar
new faculty class to begin Fall, 1999. Of
course, we lose some good faculty each
See Musings, page 12

Vol. 14 The University of Florida College of Liberal Arts and Sciences No. 5


Canaries in a Pesticide Coal Mine?
Chemicals that cause reproductive problems in gators pose
similar risk to humans says CLAS zoologist Lou Guillette

Lou Guillette began conducting field
research on Florida alligators in
1986. By the early 1990s he knew
something was wrong. In collaborative ef-
forts with the Game and Fish Commission
and the US Fish and Wildlife Service, the
CLAS zoologist had documented surpris-
ingly low egg hatching rates and an unusu-
ally high incidence of birth defects. He'd
found abnormal testosterone levels in male
alligators and elevated estrogen levels and
ovarian abnormalities, including growths
called polyovular follicles, in females. The
symptoms clearly indicated that Florida
alligators were suffering from reproduc-
tive/endocrine disturbances, but why?
The pieces of the puzzle began to fit to-
gether during a 1991 visit from Guillette's
"academic grandfather," Howard Bern (UC
Berkeley). While at UF, Bern gave a talk
on his work with a reproductive syn-
drome in humans called DES Daughters.
The syndrome is caused by the synthetic
estrogen DES, which, erroneously thought
to prevent miscarriage, was prescribed to
pregnant women from 1950s to the early
1970s. Interestingly, expectant mothers
who took the drug developed no complica-
tions, but their female children exposed to
DES in utero all later experienced altered
fertility including increased spontaneous
miscarriage and symptoms of polyovular
follicles. "When [Bern] started showing
various slides supporting his findings,"
says Guillette, "I realized that this was
identical to what we were seeing in the al-
ligators.... So the question became 'Where
in the world are alligators getting estrogens
from?' And that's when we got on the trail
that maybe these pesticides [that had run
off or been spilled into Florida lakes] were
They were right. Like DDT, many of the
most commonly used agricultural pesti-
cides act as hormones, such as synthetic

Zoology professor Lou Guillette

estrogen, and can therefore adversely affect
the endocrine and reproductive systems of
living things exposed to them.
Taking a closer look at the effects of
estrogenic pesticides made sense, since the
lowest hatching rates (25% at that time)
and highest incidence of birth defects were
found in Lake Apopka, which, after years
of agricultural run-off and a massive 1980
pesticide spill was (and still is) one of the
most polluted lakes in the state. Converse-
ly, hatching rates are nearer to 80% in Lake
Woodruff, located in a wildlife reserve
near DeLand.
Once they'd made the pesticide connec-
tion, it was time to rule out other causal
agents. Guillette and his team brought un-
contaminated eggs from the wildlife refuge
into the laboratory and treated these eggs
with the same pesticides they found in eggs
from Lake Apopka. "The disturbing thing
is that we've been able to recreate many of
these problems [birth defects, low hatching
See Guillette, page 4

This month's focus: Zoology

Around the College

Paul J. Magnarella has edited a special issue of the journal
Human Peace and Human Rights. The issue (v. 12, n. 1, 1999)
is entitled "Justice, Peace and Human Rights: Anthropological

Center for African Studies
Michael Chege's article "Nigeria's Opportunity" was published
in the March 15 Christian Science Monitor. Also on March
15, Chege gave a talk at the World Bank in Washington, DC on
"Political Institutions and Economic Development in Sub-Saharan
Africa" to a large group of World Bank officials currently work-
ing on a blue-print on economic reform in Africa (and the rest of
the developing world) for the next millennium.

David A. Micha co-organized a "US-Latin America-Canada-Ca-
ribbean Workshop on Molecular and Materials Sciences: Theo-
retical and Computational Aspects," held in Cuernavaca, Mexico,
on February 24-26. The Office of Naval Research, UF Division
of Sponsored Research, and Quantum Theory Project cospon-
sored the workshop that was also sponsored by the Universidad
Nacional Autonoma de Mexico and other Mexican institutions.
This is the fourth workshop in a series started at the University of
Florida. Several CLAS faculty members were invited speakers,
and scientists and students from American countries gathered at
the workshop to present results of common interest and to plan

David Geggus gave the annual Elsa Goveia Memorial Lecture
at the University of the West Indies, Jamaica, in April. His topic
was The International Repercussions of the Haitian Revolution.

Greg Stewart has been elected to the Executive Committee of
the Topical Group on Instrument and Measurement Science of the
American Physics Society. This group oversees all aspects of in-
strument science and measurement for the physics society ranging
from the award of a major prize to electing Fellows in this field to
the APS. Stewart will serve on the committee until 2002.

UF Film Studies
Well Represented at National Meeting
The University's Film Studies programs had significant rep-
resentation at April's Society for Cinema Studies conference, the
discipline's principal meeting. Greg Ulmer (English) delivered
one of the keynote speeches, and Nora Alter (Germanic and Slav-
ic Studies), Scott Nygren (English), Robert Ray (English), and
Maureen Turim (English) also gave papers. English Department
graduate students Tom Cohen, Tracey Cox, Eric Faden and Mary
Wiles gave papers, as did English graduates Christian Keathley
(MA), Kathleen McHugh (MA), and Alan Wright (PhD).

New Physics Building Wins City
Beautification Award

At an April 21, 1999 Ceremony held at the Thomas Center,
Gainesville Mayor Pro-Tem Pegeen Hanrahan presented a City
Beautification "Gold" Award in the Institutional Facilities category
to the new Physics Building. Liz Seiberling (Physics) accepted the
award on behalf of the department and college.
The City Beautification Awards, designed to recognize projects
of outstanding aesthetic and artistic appeal, are given annually by
the City Beautification Board. Projects are evaluated on originality,
innovation and creativity, as well as long-term strategy, mainte-
nance and serviceable materials. Sites must exhibit appropriate use
of land and effective planning and must result in the improvement
of the surrounding area, property or neighborhood. An anonymous
student nominated the Physics building for the award.

Classics Courtesy Professor Dies at 84
Classics courtesy faculty member Jay Deiss (associated with
UF since 1983) passed away on April 10. He was 84 years-old.
"I know all of us in Classics will feel the loss of this charm-
ing, witty and learned gentleman who joined us on so many happy
departmental occasions, and who maintained such a long-stand-
ing and active interest in the Classics Department," says Classics
Chair Lewis Sussman. "He will be greatly missed."

Outstanding CLAS Staff Members Recognized
Each year, UF gives superior accomplishment awards to
faculty and staff who have been nominated by colleagues for
performing above and beyond the call of duty. Awards are made
in four categories: faculty, A&P, USPS and technical staff. At the
divisional level, CLAS had winners in two of these four areas:
Beth Boone (Physics), Clerical/Office Support
Linda O'Donnell (Academic Advising), Clerical/Office
Todd Prox (Chemistry), Administrative/Supervisory
Barbara Walker (Chemistry), Administrative/Supervisory
Six university-wide Superior Accomplishment Awards ($1,000)
and six additional awards ($500) will be will be announced at a
June 1st ceremony to be held in the Reitz Union Ballroom.

Around the College

Zoology Grad Students
Named NSF Fellows
Two Zoology graduate students, Bri-
an Riewald and Manuel Velez received
National Science Foundation Predoc-
toral Fellowships this month. These
highly competitive, national Fellowships
provide full funding for a 4-year PhD
Brian received his undergraduate de-
gree from the University of Virginia and
is now studying with Karen Bjorndal
(Zoology). His PhD research is a study
of where pelagic, juvenile sea turtles are
located with respect to biotic and abiotic
oceanographic features and whether they
are passive or active in their choice of
an environment. The study will involve
satellite tracking telemetry, remote-sens-
ing, and the Geographical Information
System to follow young turtles during
their early years.
Manuel received his undergraduate
degree from Cornell University and is
now studying with Jane Brockmann
(Zoology). His MS research is a study
on the parental care behavior of a cichlid
fish living in streams in Panama and
the factors that influence male desertion
of the nest. This summer Manuel will
begin his PhD research, a study of how
the mechanisms of female choice affect
the evolution of male secondary sexual
characteristics in the field cricket Gryllus

CLAS Historian Wins NEH
Summer Stipend

Fred Corney
(History), nominated
by a faculty commit-
tee from the Hu-
manities divisions of
CLAS and Fine Arts,
will receive a $4,000
National Endowment
for the Humanities
summer stipend. For the 1999 competi-
tion, UF was allowed to submit only one
proposal, down from two in years past.
This marks the fourth year in a row that at
least one CLAS faculty member has been
chosen in this very competitive program.

CLAS Chemist Named Cot-
trell Scholar
Chemistry profes-
sor Weihong Tan
has just been named
a 1999 Cottrell
Scholar. The award,
given annually by the
Research Corpora-
tion to only 13 aca-
demics nationwide,
seeks to recognize faculty who excel in
both teaching and research. The award
comes with a $50,000 stipend to further
recipients' work. CLAS Chemist Jeffrey
Krause received the award last year.

Six CLAS Graduates Recog-
nized by Alumni Association
During each University of Florida
Commencement Ceremony, the UF
Alumni Association recognizes and
awards outstanding graduates for their
scholarship and service. Of the 14 stu-
dents recognized May 1st, six were from
the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences:
Marisa N. Roberts (Zoology and
Women's Studies) was named outstand-
ing female leader "for her remarkable
service to the UF community." Dorsey
C. Miller (Political Science) was chosen
as outstanding male leader "for his
service to Omega Psi Phi fraternity, the
National Panhellenic Council, student
government and volunteer organiza-
tions on campus." Hispanic Student
Association President Gilberto Sanchez
Valencia (Political Science) was also
chosen as outstanding male leader for
"his extensive service to campus organi-
zations and the community."
Gina M. Slinger (Geography) and
Tuan Tran (Zoology) were named four-
year scholars for maintaining perfect 4.0
grade point averages, and Eynat Tauber
(Psychology) was named two-year schol-
ar for maintaining a 4.0 after transferring
in from the Broward Community College
Honors Institute.

Promoted Professors
Congratulations to the following
CLAS professors and technical staff
who were recently recommended for

Distinguished Professor
Patricia Craddock, English
Goran S. Hyden, Political Science
Pierre Ramond, Physics

Full Professor
W. Fitzhugh Brundage, History
Will Hasty, German and Slavic
David M. Hedge, Political Science
Peter J.Hirschfeld, Physics
Alan Spector, Psychology
Li-Chien Shen, Mathematics

Associate Professor
Cheng Hai-Ping, Physics
Anthony Falsetti, Anthropology
Pamela Gilbert, English
Susan Hegeman, English
Benjamin A. Horenstein, Chemistry
Debra King, English
Amitava Kumar, English
Barbara McDade, Geography
Irma McClaurin, Anthropology
Mohammad Mohammad, African
and Asian Language and Literature
Mark Thurner, History
Eldon R. Turner, History
Manuel Vasquez, Religion

Michael Binford, Geography
Richard J. Elston, Astronomy
Stephen Mulkey, Botany

Full Scientist
David H. Powell, Chemistry
Ben Smith, Chemistry


CLASnotes is published monthly by the College
of Liberal Arts and Sciences to inform faculty and
staff of current research and events.

Asst. Editor:

Will Harrison
Jane Gibson
Ronee Saroff
Jane Dominguez

G uillette, continued from page 1

rates, endocrine and reproductive dysfunction] in the lab using
chemical concentrations equal or lower than concentrations
found in Apopka eggs," says Guillette. "In fact, the EPA, the
CDC and others have now taken note because the blood levels
of pesticides that have caused abnormalities in alligators are
similar to levels seen in the blood of many humans. We're talk-
ing about quite low concentrations."
Guillette admits that many are unwilling to accept the idea
that his alligator data is relevant to human health. But the UF
zoologist maintains that his primary research question, "How
do man-made chemicals affect embryonic development?" has
implications beyond wildlife. "People are shocked when I tell
them that humans and alligators have the same hormones," he
says. "We're not as different or unique as we like to think."
If alligators and other wildlife are the canaries in the pesticide
coal mine, research like Guillette's may dramatically transform
public policy. Guillette currently sits on three policy panels, one
for the European Community, one for the Japanese Government,
and one here in the US for the National Academy. "We are
trying to understand where current policy fails in its understand-
ing of the biological risk or significance of using these types of
compounds," he explains. Panel members reevaluate why and
how we use chemicals and what appropriate endpoints should
be when calculating the risks associated with these chemicals.
"Traditionally we've used things like cancer and death or major
birth defects (arms and legs in the right place and the right
number of eyes) to determine problems," says Guillette. "Those
are still perfectly good endpoints because none of us wants
those things to happen, but the question we're now asking is, are
there subtler effects (subtle only in their ability to be detected,
not subtle in how they might influence the organism) that we
need to recognize as important endpoints in gauging the safety
of these chemicals. For example, what happens if your immune
system is suppressed by 15% or 20% your whole life? You
have 15-20% more colds and flu and your chance of develop-
ing cancer increases by 15-20%. What happens if your child's
intelligence is lowered by 10 IQ points? Is that considered
detrimental? Or let's say it doesn't alter IQ but your attention
span or your memory, or your ability to interact with others so
that socially you have difficulty relating with colleagues and
friends...if you can even make friends at all."
It's not that we should ban all chemicals, stresses Guillette.
But if we do choose to use chemicals in our society we need to
know what the real costs are. At present, he maintains, chemi-
cal companies only tell the public how much is going to come
out of their pocketbooks at the cash register. They don't discuss
what the ecological or public health costs are. "Flip over a bag
of lawn chemicals and read the warning signs: 'Don't use in

G rants, continued from page 9
State......................... $198,246

Telesco, C.
Kisko, T.

house,' 'Don't use on lawn next to water or lake,' 'Toxic to fish'
or 'Toxic to wildlife,'" he says. "Do we think that somehow
humans are exempt? What's the difference between a bird or fish
cell and yours? There is none. We don't understand the implica-
tions these chemicals have for developing embryos-whether
developing fish, frogs, or human beings."
Convincing the public of potential risks, however, can be dif-
ficult. "We all take drugs for headaches or other problems," points
out Guillette. "These drugs were tested in some kind of animal
model before they ever got to us. So on the one hand, we believe
that animal reactions to pharmaceutical chemicals can give us
valuable public safety information, but if you try to do the exact
same thing with pesticides or environmental chemicals the argu-
ment you get back is 'Oh, I'm sorry that's animal data. You can't
say that would happen in humans.' It's a real Catch-22."
Nevertheless, the Florida scientist feels it's part of his job as a
state educator to try to help society understand what the implica-
tions of his research are. "Many university professors and re-
searchers are doing this," he says. "We are public servants. We're
paid by the state, and it's important for us to speak out when we
see something that constitutes either a good or a bad for society."
Accordingly, Guillette gives up to 50 talks around the world each
year, writes articles for both academic and lay publications, does
interviews and TV segments for national media, sits on envi-
ronmental policy panels and works locally in the public school
Despite these sweeping efforts, Guillette's goals are modest:
\ ly major goal as a scientist is to leave a legacy of people. I have
no idea what the significance of my own work will be five or 10
or 50 years from now-or whether my work will even end up
being significant. But I think that my legacy to science will be the
students and the people I help to become scientists themselves."
And of course he also hopes that work like his will eventu-
ally make a lasting impression on lawmakers. "If we can argue
in Washington that public health is equal to economic health,
then I'll be really happy," he says. "Look at the epidemics in this
country. The ones we don't speak about: endometriosis, fibroids,
prostate disease, breast cancer. They are all diseases of hormones.
The question is what's happened to our endocrine systems? Look
at attention deficit disorder in children or abnormalities in growth
in wildlife. When you start adding these things up, you realize
there are some major concerns and problems here. One of the
arguments that I've made for years in Washington is a lack of data
does not mean a lack of effect. A lack of data just means we don't
know. And the more we admit we don't know, the more people
like me will be stimulated to find the answers "%

AST Assn.of Univ.for Res.inAst. 198,246 Design, Fabrication and Commissioning of the Mid-Infrared Imager for the Gemini 8-M Telescopes

Miscellaneous ...........$10,700
Thomas, C. CRIM Multiple Sources
Calvert Hanson, L.
Scicchitano, M. POLISCI Multiple Sponsors

8,500 Private Corrections Project
2,200 Outside Applied Research for Surveys

Sea Turtle Research Thrives at UF

An interview with zoology professor
Karen Bjorndal, Director of the
Archie Carr Center for Sea Turtle Research

Cn: What is the mission of the
Archie Carr Center for Sea
Turtle Research?
KB: In our very active pro-
gram we continue to emphasize
research, conservation of sea
turtles, and graduate student
education. We also emphasize
international work. One of our
six graduate students is about
to head off to Morocco, another
to the Dominican Republic, and
another to spend a year and a
half in the Bahamas. We have an
ongoing exchange program with
Brazil and a very active exchange
program with the University of
the Azores, as well as extensive
work going on in the Bahamas.
Our major focus is research, but
we try to design our research so
that the results have important
management implications.
The work of one of our gradu-
ate students, Blair Witherington,
is a good example. Blair was
very interested in how turtle
hatchlings perceive light, so for
his dissertation he undertook
that study, but he also was able
to develop some solutions to
a very serious problem. When
hatchlings emerge from the nest,
they orient towards the horizon
of greatest illumination. Under
natural conditions that is always
the ocean. A major problem
wherever beachfront property has
been developed is that the light-
ing behind the beaches disorients
the hatchlings. In the case of
Florida, every year thousands of
hatchlings were being disoriented
out to highway A1A and getting
smashed by cars, being eaten by
dogs, or dying of exhaustion or
desiccation. Blair was able to
discover that there is a single,
monochromatic wavelength of
light in the yellow zone which
does not attract sea turtles. Es-

sentially, they either do not per-
ceive it or they actually avoid it.
Much beach lighting now has
been switched over to utilize
this type of low pressure sodium
light. Florida Power and Light,
for example, when replacing
lamps behind sea turtle nesting
beaches, uses the new light-
ing. I always like to use Blair's
work as an example, because
he discovered some wonderful
things about the basic biology
of light perception and response
to behavioral cues in loggerhead
turtles, but in addition, he had a
tremendous impact on manage-
ment options. While writing his
dissertation, Blair received faxes,
e-mail and telephone calls from
as far away as Italy, Greece, and
Malaysia. Internationally, people
were very anxious to incorporate
his results into their regulations
for beachfront development. His
results were the basis of many
laws that have been established
in sea turtle nesting countries
throughout the world.

Cn: What's next for the Cen-
KB: We have a real interest in
doing more in-water research
with sea turtles. The vast major-
ity of work that has been done up
to the last few years has been on
nesting beaches, but that leaves
about ninety-nine percent of their
life cycle out in the water totally
unexplored. It is much more dif-
ficult, more time-consuming, and
more expensive to study turtles
in the water, because when they
leave their nesting beaches to go
to their foraging grounds, they
become widely dispersed and the
encounter rate is much lower.
The Center has one of the
earliest in-water studies. Actu-
ally, I started the project for my

dissertation in the mid-70s in the
southern Bahamas. Alan Bolten
(Zoology) and I go back there
every year and have been moni-
toring this long-term population.
We have conducted research on
growth rates, foraging ecology,
movements, and have been mak-
ing real progress there. But we
need to do a lot more work.

Cn: What are the Center's
future goals?
KB: We would like to obtain
support for some Center-wide
projects. One that we are par-
ticularly interested in is taking a
broad approach to the epidemiol-
ogy of a very serious disease in
green turtles that has increased
dramatically in the past ten to
twenty years. The disease is
called fibropapillomatosis and
involves the growth of nonma-
lignant tumors that we believe
are caused by a herpes virus.
UF's Paul Klein (College of
Medicine) and Elliott Jacobson
(College of Veterinary Medicine)
are the world's leading experts
in this disease. They are trying to
isolate the causative agent. They
have made tremendous progress,
but reptile herpes viruses are
extremely difficult to culture.
Meanwhile, the disease has con-
tinued to spread throughout the
world. It used to be known only
from green turtles. Now we know
that it is also occurring in some
of the other species of sea turtles,
which is a real concern. We
would like to take a very broad
approach, working from many
angles including nutrition, migra-
tion patterns, and genetics, to try
to understand how it has become
such a massive problem and how
we can counteract it. Again, this
would be a project that would
have tremendous potential for

Karen Bjorndal

learning about basic biology, but
also tremendous management and
conservation implications.

Cn: What do you see as the
Center's biggest strengths?
KB: Although based here in Zool-
ogy, the Center is very broadly
represented across campus. We
have an executive committee that
is composed of faculty from IFAS
(Brian Bowen and Ray Carthy),
the College of Medicine (Paul
Klein), the College of Veterinary
Medicine (Elliott Jacobson), and
CLAS (Alan Bolten and my-
self). We have a very interactive
program. We work at all scales
from the molecular to the global,
so that we are actively involved
in questions of molecular genet-
ics-with Brian Bowen taking the
lead-and trans-oceanic migra-
tions monitored with satellite
telemetry, which is Alan Bolten's
specialty. We are fortunate to
have the greatest diversity and
concentration of researchers
studying sea turtle biology of
any place in the world. It's also
terrific that we all get along really
well and enjoy working with each
other-it's a real delight.%

Grant-supported, the Archie Carr Center for Sea Turtle Research receives most of its funding from private foundations and federal agencies. Recent
corporate donors include Disney, the Ted Turner Foundation and Royal Caribbean Cruise Line's Ocean Fund.

Undergraduate Research Symposium

On April 10, 18 students and their faculty mentors participated in the
9th Annual CLAS Undergraduate Research Symposium, which pro-
vides interested scholars the opportunity to practice presenting their work
in a symposium-like setting. At the luncheon following the symposium,
participants were presented with plaques by Dean Harrison, and based
on written and oral excellence, three students were awarded $100 cash
prizes. Four faculty mentors were also recognized and awarded.

Participants in the 1999 Symposium

Maria Teresa Baquero

Alan J. Bliss
Trey Conner
Michael B. Fitts
Cara Grasso
Marc J. Inglese
Deborah Jensen
Doug Knox
Thomas L. Kukar
Theodore A. Martinot
David John Masiello*

Jennifer Rebecca Miles
Nicole Pasricha
Joseph R. Pigg
J.A. Saarinen
JenniferA. Slattery*
Katie Townsend*
Tuan M. Tran

Robert J. Cohen (Molecular Biology)
and Richard Moyer (Molecular Genetics)
Robert Zieger (History)
James Paxson (English)
Geoffrey Giles (History)
Lisa McElwee-White (Chemistry)
Louis J. Guillette** (Zoology)
Daniel Talham (Chemistry)
Brandon Kershner** (English)
Michael R. Bubb (Microbiology)
Tomas Hudlicky (Chemistry)
Scott McCullough (Mathematics)
and Joseph Simmons (Material Science)
Chuck Peek (Sociology)
Amie Krepple (Political Science)
R.A. Shoaf (English)
Michael Binford (Geography)
Louise Newman** (History)
Michael Binford** (Geography)
Jill Verlander Reed (Nephrology)

*Student Winners; **Faculty Honored

(clockwise from top left) Student-winner Jennifer Slattery
presents her research "Between the Essence and the De-
cent." Dean Harrison congratulates student-winner David
Masiello. Brandy Kershner (English), pictured with Har-
rison, won a faculty mentor award along with Mike Binford
(Geography), Lou Guillette (Zoology) and Louise Newman
(History). Student winner Katie Townsend relaxes with her
mom between symposium sessions.

Tenth Annual Public Speaking Students Forum

(from left) Parisa Hamzetash, Kelly Greeno, Cherice
Douglas, Sarah Cote, Tammy Nanek and Risa Behar
competed in the Dial Center's Public Speaking
Students Forum on March 29th.

The Tenth Annual Public Speaking Students Forum, sponsored by the William
and Grace Dial Center for Written and Oral Communication and McGraw-Hill
Publishing was held on March 29. Six student speakers, nominated from over
500 students enrolled in the introductory public speaking course this past year,
competed in the event. Subject areas included gun violence, healthcare, shaken
baby syndrome, adoption by homosexuals, seatbelt use, and the healing power
of laughter.
Cash awards were presented to the top three speakers: first place (tie)-
Parisa Hamzetash (Accounting) and Sarah Cote (Business); second place-
Risa Behar (Exercise Physiology); and third place-Cherice Douglas (Politi-
cal Science).
The event's judges were Glenn Butler (Journalism), Jane Douglas (Dial
Center), Slade Dukes (President, UF Speech and Debate Team), Jeanna Mas-
trodicasea (Academic Advising), and David Zolotow (McGraw-Hill). Gerald
Kish (Dial Center) was master of ceremonies. A reception in the Reitz Union
followed the event.

The Nature of Ecology

By CLAS ecologist and zoology professor
Craig Osenberg

"Ecology" means different
things to different people:
"environmentalism" to the
idealistic undergraduate (and
most journalists and the public
at large), "natural history" to
the avid bird watcher, and "in-
expensive" to many university
administrators. It is, of course,
none of these. Ecology is an integra-
tive scientific discipline concerned with
the dynamics that result from interactions
among organisms and their environments.
The dynamics are defined at a variety of
scales (e.g., from physiological mecha-
nisms up to community structure, from
small-scale experiments to large-scale pat-
terns, and from short to long-term dynam-
ics), and ecologists, along with evolution-
ary biologists, seek to develop theory that
organizes and explains the diversity of life
and the patterns that emerge across differ-
ent biological systems.
The complexity of nature provides us
with endless patterns to explain; complex-
ity, however, is also our affliction. Ecosys-
tems consist of hundreds (if not thousands)
of different species. Each species is itself
extremely heterogeneous, consisting of
individuals that can differ in their ecol-
ogy (e.g., due to differences in age, size,
or genotype) as much as can members of
entirely different species. Because ecolo-
gists deal with heterogeneous systems,
whose dynamics operate at different scales,
ecologists must rely on a suite of tools and
approaches; we are jacks-of-many-trades
and seldom masters of a single technique.
We not only often require high-tech tools
(GIS, image analysis, laser-ablation

Osenberg co-edit
testing Ecologic
pacts: Concepts a
plications in Coast,
tats, a rigorous tre
of statistical, conc
and administrative
related to the qua
tion of human imp
ecological system

ICPMS, DNA sequencing), but also a fleet
of field vehicles and access to field labora-
tories and study sites with restricted public
access (lest our equipment and experi-
ments disappear). We also must be strongly
quantitative, not only in the way we design
experiments and evaluate the relative con-
tributions of different ecological processes,
but also in the way we apply statistical and
mathematical models to make inferences
about ecological dynamics.
My research and teaching programs
emphasize the integrative and quantita-
tive nature of ecology. I work in lakes and
nearshore marine systems (e.g., the Florida
Keys), and my research involves both
laboratory and field study, experiments
and observation, and real systems as well
as mathematical models. My primary area
of expertise is in the ecological effects of
population "stage-structure." For example,
fishes (and most other organisms) grow
appreciably in size, and, as a consequence,
the nature of their interactions with other
species changes dramatically over their
life time: largemouth bass compete with
bluegill early in their life history but later
prey upon them.
My colleagues and I have documented
that the dynamics of these structured
systems are grossly different than those of
unstructured (i.e., homogeneous) systems,
upon which most ecological theory is still
based. Stage-structure also has implica-
tions at larger spatial scales: e.g., my
research shows that bluegill, which shift
habitats during their life history, couple the
dynamics of nearshore (vegetated) habitats
and offshore (open-water) habitats, which
historically have been studied as if they
represented two independent systems.
The implications of popu-
lation structure are perhaps
ed De- most compelling in applied
:al Im- settings; indeed, some of
nd Ap- the classic "mistakes" in
fisheries management have
al Habi-
arisen through ignorance of
atment stage-structured dynamics.
eptual, To that end, Colette St. Mary
issues (Zoology), Jacqueline Wilson
intifica- (a graduate student in my lab)
acts on and I have begun projects
looking at stage-structured
interactions in marine fishes

and the im-
for the con-
of these
fishes and
the design
of marine
reserves. In
this work,
and my Craig Osenberg
work on the statistical design of impact
assessment studies, my first priority is to
contribute to the theoretical foundations of
the field. Indeed, this primary emphasis on
theory (and the secondary emphasis on its
application) is what uniquely distinguishes
the Zoology (and Botany) Department
from other biological programs on UF's
campus. We provide the theoretical foun-
dation in ecology and evolutionary biology
necessary for the applications emphasized
in other departments at UF
Because of the uniqueness of each
ecological setting, few ecological results
can be "replicated." Instead, the heteroge-
neity of results becomes, itself, a template
for research. The advancement of general
theory lies in well-reasoned, quantitative
synthesis that reveals the factors that ac-
count for these differences in results. To
that end, I have championed the integration
of ecological models and meta-analysis
(the quantitative and statistical compari-
son of results from many different stud-
ies) as a powerful synthetic tool. I have
accomplished much of this work through
invitations to join and/or lead working
groups sponsored by the National Center
for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (an
NSF-sponsored center in Santa Barbara,
California), which has culminated in a
forthcoming Special Feature in the journal,
Ecology. I also emphasize these issues in
my graduate course, "Quantitative Meth-
ods and Ecological Inference."
If you are interested in learning more
about my research and teaching program
or the Zoology department in general,
I encourage you to check out our Web
site-my personal page can be accessed at
www.zoo.ufl.edu/osenberg. 1

Exploring Marine Larvae

Zoology professor Larry McEdward discusses his recent work
with marine larval development.

My interests are in the evolution of larval development
patterns in marine organisms. Marine larvae are
radically different from their adult counterparts, in
morphology, habitat, and mode of nutrition. Marine larvae are
particularly interesting because they must function as planktonic
organisms and, at the same time, undergo very rapid and exten-
sive developmental changes. What fascinates me and motivates
my research program, is the fact that for all of the morphological,
taxonomic, and ecological diversity
that exists among the more than 30
phyla of marine animals, there are
only three major patterns of larval
development. What evolutionary
factors have led to the origin and
persistence of these patterns? What
drives evolutionary transitions among
these patterns? Through my research,
I seek a deeper understanding of the
evolution of life cycles by integrating
the fields of evolutionary develop-
mental biology, larval ecology, and
life-history theory. McEdward, in northern
One of the most striking patterns nnrli hlianf


of Washington), we experimentally reduced egg size by isolat-
ing single cells from early embryos of sea urchins to mimic the
effects of an evolutionary modification of egg size. Our work
provided the first definitive demonstration of the causal relation-
ship between egg size and early life-history traits in marine benthic
invertebrates. Using manipulations of egg size, controlled feeding
experiments, and analyses of larval growth, here at the University
of Florida and at the Keys Marine Laboratory, we discovered a
wide range of larval feeding require-
ments in subtropical sea urchins and
sand dollars. We have shown a direct
link between the level of resources
provided by the parent in the egg and
the degree of dependence on food by
the larvae. Furthermore, the degree
of dependence on food seems to be
inversely correlated with the capacity
for facultative feeding (i.e., the ability
to acquire food before it is necessary
for continued development).
I have developed computer models of
uget Sound with Pycno- larval evolution that include facul-
rides (starfish). tative larval feeding, based on our

in larval ecology is the existence
of only two modes of larval nutri-
tion. In planktotrophy, eggs are very small and larvae require cess can be achie
exogenous food (e.g., phytoplankton or other small food items) supply and morta
for development. In the alternative strategy (lecithotrophy), eggs as we observe in
are very large and development is fueled entirely by endogenous recently begun a
reserves originally provided in the egg. The current paradigm feeding on larval
for larval ecology is based on theory that predicts two distinct models that link
modes of larval nutrition (i.e., complete reliance on external and postmetamor
food items, or complete reliance on internal energy stores). This towards our long
theory has proven difficult to test empirically. In collaboration
with colleagues at the Friday Harbor Laboratories (University

Zoology Office Staff

Program Assistant Karen
Kafouse (left) works in the
main Zoology office (Bar-
tram 223). Office Manager
Kanetha Johnson (far
right) and Secretary Tan-
gelyn Mitchell (right) work
in the Biological Sciences
division of Zoology (Carr

experimental results. The new models
show that maximal reproductive suc-
ved at intermediate egg sizes, depending on food
lity rate. A diversity of nutritional strategies, such
subtropical sand dollars, is predicted. We have
new project to measure the effects of facultative
development and growth and to develop new
idult reproductive strategies, larval energetic,
phic juvenile success. This represents a first step
-term goal of building whole life cycle models.%


Investigator Dept. Agency

(through the Division of Sponsored Research)

March 1999 Total: $2,609,603

Award Title

Corporate.......... $132,566
Katritzky, A. CHE Energy Biosystems Inc
Katritzky, A. CHE Multiple Companies
Katritzky, A. CHE Multiple Companies
Powell, D. CHE Dow Chemical Company
Schanze, K. CHE Am Chemical Society
Scott, M. CHE Am Chemical Society
Wagener, K. CHE Dow Chemical Company
West, R. PSY Retirement Research Foundation
Carter, R. STA Agency for Health Care Admin
Chapman, L. ZOO Wildlife Conservation Society
Chapman C.A.

Federal ............. $2,231,841
Anton, S. ANT NSF
Boinski, S. ANT NSF
Burns, A. ANT NSF
Elston, R. AST Natl. Optical Ast. Observatory 1
Gustafson, B. AST NASA
Ewel, J. BOT NSF
Jones D.A.
Harmon, A. BOT NSF
Benner, S. CHE NASA
Benner, S. CHE NIH 2
Duran, R. CHE NSF
Duran, R. CHE US DOE 2
Harrison, W. CHE US DOE
Horenstein, B. CHE NIH 1
Kennedy, R. CHE NIH 1
Kennedy, R. CHE NSF 1
Reynolds, J. CHE US Navy

Reynolds, J. CHE US Navy

Richardson, D. CHE US Army
Schanze, K. CHE NASA
Scott, M. CHE NSF
Scott, M. CHE NSF
Duran, R.
Yost, R. CHE EPA

Martin, J. GEO US DOC
Alter, N. GSS NEH
Hager, W
Garvan, F MAT NSA
Hager, W. MAT NSF
Andraka, B. PHY US DOE
Dufty, J. PHY US DOE
Hirschfeld, P PHY NSF
Ingersent, J. PHY NSF
Dorsey, A.
Maslov, D. PHY NSF
Graybeal, J.
Ramond, P PHY NSF
Stanton, C. PHY US DOE
Sullivan, N. PHY NSF
Adams, E.
Bjorndal, K. ZOO US DOC
Bolten, A.
Bjorndal, K. ZOO US DOC
Bolten, A.
Brockmann, H. ZOO NSF

Foundation........ $36,150
Chen, K. AST Wood Fund
Andrew W
Mukherjee, J. AST R.J. Weyhrich Leadership Fund
Dermott, S.
Mulkey, S. BOT UF Foundation
D'Amico, R. PHIL UF Foundation









Collaborative Work in Sulfur Chemistry
Software Research Support
Miles Compound Contract
Mass Spectrometry Services
ACS Editorialship
Tripodal Aryloxides-Rigid Platforms for the Preparation of Large Constructs
Modeling Polyethylene Crystallization
Student Research and Mentoring Awards in Adult Development and Aging
Birth Vital Statistics: Survival Low Birth Weight and Morbidity Outcomes Research
Recovery of Plant and Animal Communities in the Kibale Corridor

Australian Cranial Traits: Function, Development, and Modern Human Origins
Squirrel Monkeys: A Test of Primate Social Evolution Theory
Graduate Research Fellowship Program-Cost of Education Allowance
Flamingos Time on the Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) Telescope
Optical Properties of Irregular Dust Particles: Experiment and Theory
Towards a Complete Inventory of Star and Planet Formation Activity in Nearby Molecular Clouds
Sustainability of Soil Fertility in Tropical Ecosystems

Characterization of Proteins that Interact with CDPK
Darwin Chemistry
Non-Standard Base Pairs as Biomedical Research Tools
Research Experiences for Undergraduates in Chemistry at the University of Florida
Instrumentation for the MRCAT Undulator Beamline at the Advanced Photon Source
The Glow Discharge as an Atomization and Ionization Source
Reaction Coordinate Analyses of Uracil DNA Glycosylases
Design and Use of Methods for Peptide Secretion Studies
Affinity Interactions in Capillary Separations
Synthesize Dimers ofAlkylenedioxy Thiophene and Monomers for Stable N-Dopable Electrically
Conducting Polymers
Partial Financial Support of the 1999 American Chemical Society Chemistry of Materials Award
Catalytic Oxidation of Mustard Simulants in Basic Solution
Chemically Tailored Particles for Wind-Tunnel Seeding
Career: Tripodal Aryloxide Ligands: From Molecular Receptors to Organometallic Catalyst
An REU in Chemistry at the University of Florida

Development of Methods for the Analysis of DBPS in Biological Samples and Their Application to
Human Kinetics
Modern Fluid Venting and Its History: Monterey Bay, Ca
The Essay Film: Between Feature Film and Documentary
Modeling and Optimal Design in Micro-Optics

Conference: Symbolic Computation Number Theory Special Functions Physics and Combinatorics
Discrete Approximations in Variational Problems
Non-Fermi-Liquids and Magnetism of Heavy Fermions
Charge Dynamics in High Energy Density Matter
Disordered Electrons in D-Wave Superconductors
An REU Site in Physics at the University of Florida

52,122 Three-Dimensional Low-Density Metals in Ultraquantum Magnetic Fields: Search for Instabilities


Higgs and Supersymmetry: Search and Discovery
Quantum-Confinement Effects and Optical Behavior of Intermediate Semiconductor Clusters
Field-Induced Relaxation of Spin Currents in Dilute Fermi Liquids

24,500 Green Turtle Grazing: Effects on Productivity and Biodiversity in Seagrass Ecosystems

35,363 Cooperative Marine Turtle Tagging Program

4,000 Graduate Research Fellowship Program Cost of Education Allowance

1,000 Computer Recording of the Card Catalogue of Photometric

5,000 LDR Fund Astronaut Michael Collins Space Exploration Leadership Scholarship

27,000 Canopy Biology Program in Panama
3,150 Department of Philosophy General Fellowship Account

See Grants, page 4

Baccalaureate 1999

T he 17th Annual CLAS Baccalaureate
Ceremony was held Friday, April 30,
in University Auditorium. Two hundred CLAS
graduates drew family, friends and faculty together
to celebrate Spring Commencement. During the
program, Dean Harrison introduced top CLAS
scholars and faculty, the Gainesville Civic Chorus
performed, Tony Randazzo (Geology) honored
retiring faculty and President Lombardi spoke of
the flexibility of a CLAS degree.


(top row, from left) Andrea Kvasnak (Math) gets help with her regalia from her mom.
UF Advising Award winner Glenn Kepic (AAC), pictured here with Advising Director Al
Matheny (Political Science), was one of many award-winning CLAS faculty members
recognized during the program. (second row, from left) Eight CLAS students graduated
with a perfect 4.0, including Alyson Finkelstein, who gave the Valedictory Speech.
Psychology graduates Melissa Masterson, Jami Phillips and Kathleen Leong share
a final moment together as UF students. Faculty preparing for the ceremony: Brian
McCrea (English), Alan Burns (Anthropology) and Mike Gannon (History).

Retiring physics professor Lennert Peterson (above left, at reception with
wife, Anne) was honored during the ceremony along with three other retiring
faculty: Warren Bargad (English), Kwan-Yu Chen (Astronomy) and Harry
Hollien (Linguistics). Sociology graduate Samir Siddiqui (center) and his
proud parents at the reception. (above right) CLAS graduates enjoying the
reception. (right) President Lombardi congratulated UF's newest alumni.

Book Beat

Environmentalism for a New Millen- The Films of Oshima Nagisa: Images A Companion to Wolfram's Parzival
nium: The Challenge of Coevolution of a Japanese Iconoclast Edited by Will Hasty (German & Slavic
Leslie Paul Thiele (Political Science) Maureen Turim (English and Film Stud- Studies)
Oxford University Press ies)

University of California Press

(from book jacket)
Through extensive interviews and
a critical study of environmental pub-
lications and scholarly research, the
author provides an inside look at the
environmental movement. His analysis
illuminates the social, economic, politi-
cal and cultural forces that shape the
environmental movement today and set
its trajec-
tory for the
21st cen-
tury. Anyone
in environ-
will find this
book an

ary per-
spective is grounded in the belief that,
viewed globally and in the long term,
the protection of human welfare and the
preservation of the natural environment
are mutually reinforcing. Coevolutionary
biology emerged as a field of study in the
1960s. In its original context, coevolu-
tion describes the processes whereby
the evolutionary paths of two or more
species that maintain a close ecological
relationship largely depend on the pat-
terns of their interactions....
To care for the long-term preserva-
tion of biodiversity, one first has to be
able to care for the short-term preser-
vation of one's economic security and
health. Richard Leakey put the point
succinctly when he said: "To care about
the environment requires at least one
square meal a day" Minorities and the
poor generally maintain that the basic
needs of healthy food, decent housing,
and a toxic-free environment rank above
the aesthetic and spiritual benefits of
wilderness. Until these basic needs are
sufficiently satisfied, the latter goods will
not be embraced.

(from book jacket)
Maureen Turim employs psychoana-
lytic and postmodern theory to explore
the films' complex representations of
women in Japanese society as well as
the films' political engagement with the
Japanese student movement, postwar
anti-American sentiments, and critiques
of Stalinist tendencies of the left. Turim
pairs discussion of Merry Christmas, Mr.
Lawrence with analysis of the psycho-
sexuality of war depicted in Oshima's
early adaptation of Oe Kenzaburo's The

The forces shaping Oshima's entry
into the film industry are those of a
generalized move toward independent
production in the postwar period, with the
studios scrambling to co-opt the inde-
pendents, either by making at least some
of their
look like in-
by buying PES
nies, or by
hiring the
Cinema as
an industry
must renew
itself as it
a crisis...
and an extraordinary collection of other
talented assistant directors were able
to seize this opportunity to market their
will to innovation and artistic expression,
in some cases joining this with political
expression that pushed at the limits of
what that industry would allow

(from book jacket)
The original essays in this volume,
written by a dozen Wolfram experts
working in Europe and the United States,
provide a
treatment in A PANION o
aspects of
of the quest
for the grail
modes of
narrative EDITED ,Y WILL nMA5Y
tion, his
relationship to his sources, his portrayal
of the grail), and of some of the broader
social and cultural issues it raises (the
theology of the Fall, the status of chival-
ric self assertion, the characterization of
women, the modern reception of Par-

Whether seen as sacred or profane,
as religious kingdom on earth or as myth-
ic otherworld, the wilderness of Parzival's
adventures that is organized around the
grail kingdom seems to present itself
above all as a space of profound psycho-
logical and spiritual reflection. In these
wilderness spaces, and in the relatively
complex figures who occupy them (who
for the most part seem a quite a bit more
complex than the hero himself), we seem
among other things to witness different
ways of coming to grips with the damag-
ing effects of chivalry, but in ways that
are as demonstrative of a continuation of
worldly, courtly/chivalric concerns as of a
qualification or criticism of them.

Musings continued from page 1

year to retirement or career moves, but the overall
number of CLAS faculty is increasing, as it must to
meet the needs of a growing student body.
In outside research funding, we came near the
$30 million level, a tribute to faculty skill in gain-
ing nationally competitive awards. These funds
are so important in paying for research equipment,
supplies, student salaries, etc. They also serve as
measures of faculty quality, since the awards are
generally decided by peer review, in which selected
faculty from other universities sit on review panels
that evaluate and decide whose projects are most
worthy of support. More and more, CLAS faculty
are the benefactors of their decisions.
Private funding was another highlight of the year.
CLAS received over $10 million from alumni,
faculty, and friends to fund many critical academic
needs, including scholarships, fellowships, profes-
sorships, new programs, and facility renovations.
Of course, it is the good experience that our alumni
have while at UF that influences their willingness
to give back to the University later in life. Whether
they attended in the 1930s or the 1990s, Gators
retain a strong love for this place. And I believe our
current graduating class take with them an experi-
ence that will reward the fundraising efforts of
future deans, department chairs, and faculty.
Lots of other good things have happened this
year, but I won't overextend this column in trying
to list them all. A very significant addition has been
the Keene Faculty Center, housed in Dauer Hall,
which has rapidly become a popular site for many
types of events. It has proved to be not only beauti-
ful, but very functional, and something that we have
needed for a long time. In addition, we are com-
mencing the total renovation of Anderson Hall and
Keene-Flint Hall, two of the original UF buildings
that had fallen into serious disrepair. By late fall
of 2000, these two architectural jewels should be
transformed to their former proud state among the
most beautiful buildings on campus. This time, with
air conditioning.
Wait, there's more. We appointed 60 undergradu-
ate students in the provost's first round of Univer-
sity Scholars Program, along with an equal number
of faculty mentors. We are continuing the renova-
tion of Rolfs Hall, and we are also in the process
of renovating Williamson Hall for the Department
of Geology. New elevators were installed in Dauer
and Rolfs Hall. And, and, and.....
Thanks again to all who helped make this year
such a success.

Will Harrison,


A Note From the Chair

Faculty and students in the Department of
Zoology study a diverse array of biological
problems, everything from the gene sequences
that identify human ancestry to the mating
behavior of horseshoe crabs to the development
of larval starfish. We work from the molecular
or cellular level to the level of the individual,
community or landscape to identify the fac-
tors that influence individual behavior, com-
munity structure or ecosystem dynamics. Our
colleagues in the Florida Museum of Natural
History and joint faculty in Zoology add an im
portant dimension to our program through their Jane Brockmann, Chair
emphasis on paleontology and the historical in- Department of Zoology
fluence of humans on species and communities.
We cover tropical and temperate, marine, freshwater and terrestrial habitats; we
work in all parts of the world including Africa, Central and South America, the
Caribbean, the South Seas and Florida. We study a wonderful array of life from
alligators and turtles to fish, birds, primates, fruitflies and spiders. Training in
the biological sciences occurs in many colleges and departments at UF (e.g.,
Medical School and IFAS), but it is our integrative view of the life sciences, us-
ing an evolutionary and ecological approach, that makes Zoology special.
Most of our undergraduate majors are pre-professional students aspiring to
careers in medicine, environmental science, and biology research and teaching.
Introductory Biology is taught in collaboration with the Department of Botany
through the Biological Sciences Program. This Program provides hands-on,
laboratory experiences in modem biology for 4,700 life science students an-
nually (and for another 600 non-majors). Our upper-division Zoology courses
emphasize investigative science through laboratory and Web-based research
experiences. Many of our majors go on to conduct extended research projects
with UF faculty and graduate students.
Quality graduate and undergraduate teaching in the biological sciences requires
modem facilities. This year we are adding a Computer Teaching Laboratory
so that all of our undergraduate courses can benefit from computer-assisted
learning. For example, our genetics courses train students to use genetic data-
bases available on the Web to discover the hereditary basis of disease, and our
ecology courses train students in statistics and data analysis. Thanks to ICBR
(Interdisciplinary Center for Biotechnology Research) we added a Genetic
Analysis Laboratory this year that provides graduate students with an oppor-
tunity to learn modem molecular techniques that are as crucial to research in
evolution and ecology as they are to research in physiology and development.
But the most exciting recent changes to our program have been the addition of
outstanding faculty in quantitative genetics and theoretical ecology, two areas
that are new to our Department. We are delighted with the added depth that
these individuals bring to our program and with the possibilities they afford
for new collaborations. The Department is also working to bring top-flight
molecular biologists to CLAS through the Provost's genetics initiative.
Our students will be asked to solve the ever-expanding problems of agriculture
(e.g., pest resistance), medicine (e.g., new diseases and drug resistance) and the
environment (e.g., maintenance of biological diversity and habitat conserva-
tion). Rapidly expanding technologies allow us to address such problems in
ways we would not have imagined possible even 10 years ago. The Zoology
program must provide students with the foundation knowledge, theory and
tools (integrative, ecological, evolutionary) they will need to address these chal-
lenges of the future. The faculty particularly enjoy sharing our fascination for
the biological complexity and diversity which lies at the heart of many of these
problems. %