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Around the college
Grants awarded through Division of Sponsored Research
Note from the chair
The Preservation of UF
From UF's first days in Gainesville,
the Arts & Sciences have played a central
role in our institution's history. Early in
the current century, several magnificent
academic buildings, among them Language
Hall and Science Hall (today's Anderson
and Keene-Flint Halls, respectively) rose
futuristically from the North Florida scrub
landscape, along the road to Newberry.
Early photos of these buildings show them
standing out in stark grandeur against
the mostly barren surrounding fields.
Gainesville proper lay some distance
removed to the east.
The sad condition of these historic
UF buildings over the past 20 years is
regrettable in contrast to their original
beauty, but happily that is changing. Some
buildings have already been renovated,
and in the next two years, just in time for
the new century, Anderson and Keene-
Flint will be renewed both in form and
function. I am asked many times, "How
could these historic, core buildings have
been allowed to deteriorate so?" There are
many answers, and there are no answers.
It is a cheerless exercise to assign blame.
Better that we be grateful for the dedicated
work of various people who helped save
them and bring them back.
Any university that ignores its past
can hardly be trusted with its future.
After a period of darkness, I believe we
have turned the corer on UF's historic
preservation, with strong support now
found in many quarters. The recent
recognition by the Matheson Historical
Society of the role played by the College
of Liberal Arts and Sciences in promoting
historic preservation is one indication that
word is getting around. Not only have
we come a long way, but the future looks
bright to continue the job, which must be
understood as never ending.
The list of renovation successes, either
-See Musings, page 12
Vol. 12 The University of Florida College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
'A Revolution in Progress'
Strides in Public Policy Don't
Mean the Battle is Over for Women
A according to political science
professor Peggy Conway, the
most important public policy
changes for women in the last 35 years
have been in the areas of education and
employment. "Education had to come
first," she explains, "because opening
academic programs to women permitted
them to get the credentials they needed
for employment-especially in areas from
which they'd previously been excluded."
Women who were employed
outside the home prior to the 1960s
were usually in secretarial, sales
(clerks), teaching or nursing jobs.
"Changes in the employ-ment law
that were in the Civil Rights Act
of 1964 applied to women as well
as minorities and opened up the
entire range of employment," says
continued to fight stereotypes in
order to gain access to certain kinds
of training, although amendments
to the Higher Education Act
passed in 1972 (which called for
non discrimination in admissions
and financial aid awards) set the
stage for far wider acceptance
of women and minorities into
fields that had up until then been
predominately white and male. "Resistance
to women in higher education has varied,"
says Conway, whose second edition of
Women and Public Policy: A Revolution
in Progress (originally published in 1995) is
currently in the proofreading stage with CQ
Press. "And, unfortunately, there are still
disciplines wherein it's extremely difficult
for women to succeed."
In the new edition of Women and
Public Policy, Conway and her co-authors
monitor policy changes in education, health
care, employment, housing, retirement,
insurance, child care, criminal justice
and economic equity, which Conway
describes as "basic access to credit,
housing, insurance, and pensions."
While education and employment
have seen the biggest gains for women,
Conway says the glass ceiling remains
a serious reality for women in business.
The problem is exacerbated by the fact
that those promoted to a company's elite
leadership positions are usually required
to have experience heading up some aspect
Peggy Conway, Political Science
of the business operations first. 'Women
still tend to be concentrated in what we call
'staffjobs,'like human relations, personnel,
communications or financial manage-
ment," explains Conway, "and not in the
operating jobs which will get them to the
Combining a family and a career is
the other common dilemma for working
women. 'The basic problem for many
women is still good child care," says
Conway, "but those who get into the
higher levels also have to balance
-See Conway, page 11
This month's focus: Political Science
Around the College
Brandon Kershner and Cheryl Herr of the University of Iowa
were academic organizers of the 16th International James Joyce
Symposium held in Rome, Italy June 14-20, "Classic Joyce." The
conference was attended by roughly 500 scholars and students;
plenary speakers included Umberto Eco, Hugh Kenner, Declan
Kiberd, and Fritz Senn. Kershner was interviewed by the
newspaper L'Estampa and also presented a paper entitled
"There are Fairies at the Bottom of my Jargon: Framing Rudy
and Photography." He has been nominated to the Board of
Trustees of the International James Joyce Foundation. Kershner
and Herr will edit a conference volume.
Kevin McCarthy recently taught a three-week, university-
level course entitled "The Maritime History of Greece" on the
Aegean island of Paros.
In July, David Foster was awarded the Stillwell medal from the
Geological Society of Australia. The medal is awarded every
two years for the best paper published in the Australian Journal
of Earth Sciences. The award ceremony took place at the last
meeting of the Geological Society of Australia.
Tony Randazzo was elected president pro tem of the Faculty
Assembly of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences in
elections held last spring. He will be responsible for heading
the committee that determines the agenda for the Assembly
during the 1998-99 academic year.
David Dilcher with the Florida Museum of Natural History
was awarded the 1998 Birbal Sahni Foundation Medal for
outstanding research on the fossil history of plants. He
travelled to Lucknow, India last winter to receive this award.
Center for African Studies Awarded
Ford Foundation Grant
In June, the Ford Foundation approved a grant of $148,000 to
the UF Center for African Studies. Michael Chege, the Center's
Director, says the grant will be used for "inter-disciplinary
research on environmental conservation in Uganda (East
Africa), involving UF scientists and social scientists and their
counterparts at Makerere University in Kampala, an institution
with which we have had a long collaborative relationship."
The grant will help support summer workshops in Uganda,
basic research on two sites and graduate training at UF.
According to Chege, the Foundation's selection committee
liked the Center's grant proposal because it integrated research
in the biological sciences with environmental work in the
social sciences. The grant's principal investigators are Chege
(Political Science), Colin Chapman (Zoology), Lauren Chapman
(Zoology), Thomas Crisman (Environmental Engineering), Abe
Goldman (Geography) and Hunt Davis (History).
OASIS (Office for Academic Support and Institutional
Services) hosted an orientation barbecue on the Plaza of
the Americas in June to welcome CLAS AIM (Achievement
in Mainstreaming) students to UF.
Howard Foundation Fellowships
The George A. and Eliza Gardner Howard Foundation
seeks to aid the personal development of promising
individuals at the crucial middle stages of their careers.
Nine fellowships will be offered for 1999-00 to support
persons engaged in independent projects in the field of
Literary and Film Criticism and Translation.
Stipends of $20,000 will be given for a period of one
year; awards are made for projects requiring full-time work
over an extended period of time. Applicants should be
in the middle stages of their careers and free of all other
professional responsibilities during their fellowship year.
Support is intended to augment paid sabbatical leaves,
making it financially possible for grantees to have an
entire year in which to pursue their projects, free of any
other professional responsibilities. Accepted nominees
should therefore be eligible for sabbaticals or other leave
with guaranteed additional support. Nominees should
normally have the rank of assistant or associate professor
or their non-academic equivalents.
Applicants associated with an academic institution
must be nominated by the president of the institution or a
designated representative. Each institution may nominate
only two candidates. To permit coordination of UF
nominations, projects should be submitted to Rosie Warner,
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, 2121 Turlington Hall,
2-0783, by SEPTEMBER 25,1998.
Geology Receives Endowment
The Geology Department has been awarded a $200,000
endowment by IMC-Agrico, one of the largest phosphate
mining operations in the state. The Department solicited
the partnership as part of its overall efforts to establish and
build a Geology endowment in recognition of its upcoming
50th anniversary. An anniversary celebration will take place
November 6-8 on campus and will include a scientific/
professional day-long symposium and the re-opening of
Williamson Hall as the Department's new headquarters.
Matheson Center Recognizes CLAS
On June 23 The Matheson Historical Center (MHC)
presented Dean Will Harrison and Associate Dean Chuck
Frazier with the 1998 Matheson Award for their work in
renovating and restoring CLAS buildings. (From left, above)
Blair Reeves (MHC), Roy Hunt (Law), Sam Proctor (History),
and Mark Barrow (MHC) received special recognition at the
awards ceremony, held in the McQuown room, for their
contributions to historic preservation on campus. These
four played significant roles in saving Floyd, Anderson,
Flint and the Women's Gym from demolition in the 70s and
80s, and they continue to promote the restoration of UF's
historic NE quadrant.
und The College
MI Luncheon Honors Outgoing Associate Deans
International Colloquium Honors
The last week in May, Heinrich Eichhorn
(Astronomy) traveled to the Institute for Astronomy at
the University of Vienna in Austria for an International
Colloquium planned in honor of his 70th birthday.
The Colloquium's organizers, from many universities
and observatories including the University of Graz
and the University of Vienna where Eichhorn holds
honorary professorships, say they created the event
to "honor a brilliant researcher, an excellent teacher,
a fine colleague and a good friend."
Eichhorn was born in Vienna in 1927 and graduated
from the University of Vienna in 1949 after studying
astronomy, philosophy and mathematics. He
came to the US in 1956 and taught at Georgetown
and Wesleyan Universities before founding the
Department of Astronomy at the University of South
Florida. In 1979 he moved to Gainesville and became
the first chair of UF's Astronomy Department.
During the two-day colloquium, which featured over
twenty presentations by researchers and astronomers
from around the world, the scientific council of the
main observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences
at Pulkowo awarded Eichhorn an honorary doctorate.
UF participants in the event included Stanley Dermott,
Haywood Smith and Robert Wilson.
A farewell luncheon was held on June 29 for outgoing
associate deans Elizabeth Langland, Chuck Frazier and
Larry Severy (above, left). Joe Glover (Mathematics)
replaced Langland as Associate Dean for Faculty Affairs
on July 1, Albert Matheny (Political Science, above, right)
replaced Severy as Associate Dean for Student Affairs on
July 1, and Lisa McElwee-White (Chemistry) will replace
Chuck Frazier as Associate Dean forAdministrative Affairs
Dickison Named President of
American Classical League
Sheila K. Dickison, Director of the Honors Program and
a member of the Classics Department, was recently elected
President of the American Classical League for a two-year term.
She succeeds Glenn Knudsvig of the Classics Department of
the University of Michigan.
The ACL was founded in 1919 with the purpose of fostering
the study of classical languages in the United States and Canada
and has its headquarters at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio.
The League has 4500 members including teachers of Latin,
Greek and the Classics on the elementary, secondary and
During her term of office Dickison hopes to increase
visibility for the many programs sponsored by ACL. Improving
articulation among all levels of the study of Latin is also another
Feagin Elected President of ASA
Joe Feagin (Sociology) was recently elected president of the
American Sociological Association. This year he will serve as
president-elect and will chair the program committee. Next
year, Feagin will preside over the ASA council as president,
and in his third year he'll remain on the council as ex-president.
Feagin says his goals during the three year commitment are
to "get sociologists to pay more attention to research that can
help democratize the society further along racial, gender and
CLAS Couple Know Fire Firsthand
Waldo Mayor Louie Davis and his
wife Diana have worked in Zoology
for 22 and 18 years, respectively.
or longtime Zoology Department
staff members Diana and Frank
"Louie" Davis, the fires in Waldo
meant more than just smelling smoke on
the way to work. Much more, since Louie
happens to be Waldo's mayor. "I've never
seen anything like that and I hope I don't
ever see anything like it again," he says of
the June blaze.
Downtown Waldo and areas west were
evacuated. State Road 24 and Highway
301 were closed. "The fire was a mile
wide and seven miles long moving right
toward downtown Waldo," says Mayor
Davis. "It's just amazing how they got as
many people here as quickly as they did."
Fire crews rushed to the scene from North
Carolina, Alabama and Mississippi to
team up with state and local firefighters.
Experts in helicopters used two-way radios
to instruct and mobilize their counterparts
below, since poor visibility made tracking
the fire's unpredictable course difficult from
Despite backbreaking efforts, on the third
day many feared the fire was officially out
of control. "One of the Mississippi crew
said that the way the fire was rolling-50-
60 foot flames burning above the treetops,
200 acres in 10 minutes-he figured it was
headed for the Georgia line," says Diana.
Then the rain came. "About the only
place it rained was on the fire," explains
Davis. "People in Gainesville didn't get
rain, and we only got a little bit in Waldo...
but directly over the fire we got an inch in
Although 7,500 acres burned, no
homes were damaged (some very
close calls were prevented by vigilant
fire fighting and soap foam) and only
two structures were lost, a pole-barn
and an old school that had been sold
to a private landowner for storage
Lucky rain may have turned the
tide, but a series of intentional acts lay
behind Waldo's success in handling
the disaster. The Davises particularly
credit the impressive organization
and teamwork of the firefighters. "It
was treated almost like a battle," says
the couple. The Division of Forestry
immediately set up a command post
including a wall of computers to
access the latest weather, and they
had strategy meetings every morning
to review conditions and plan their
attack. Special equipment was crucial;
three helicopters, for example, dipped
giant 800-gallon buckets into the local
lake and rushed water back to the scene
where they dropped it on flames with
impressive precision. "Each run only
took 4 minutes. It was amazing," recalls
Diana of the aerial operation.
Smart land-management practices
also affected the outcome of the fire.
By conducting controlled burns in
the past, a local landowner-whose
property was in the path of the fire
as it raged toward Waldo-may have
significantly slowed the flames. "If you
drive by his property you can really
see the difference those controlled
burns made," says Mayor
Davis. "Everything on the -
west side of his property
is dead, but where the
burns were conducted
[resulting in less fuel on
the ground and a more
pronounced separation ,,..
between the understory
and the canopy] the fire
burned only the low
were fine. The Division
of Forestry guy told me
that controlled burning
helped save our town."
As Mayor, Davis was called upon to
make key decisions. He declared a state
of emergency and made evacuation
plans. He kept a small number of city
staff on round-the-clock to ensure that
the city's water pressure was maximized
and that the auxiliary pump was ready
in case of a power outage. He also had
to face the media, doing interviews with
CNN, Fox and many other stations, local
Diana, Louie and others staffed the
phone lines at City Hall 24 hours a day
to keep the outside world (relatives
of Waldo residents, evacuees, news
media etc.) up to date on the facts.
"We averaged about 200 calls an hour,"
says Diana, "and we spent a lot of time
reassuring people that everything was
okay and that their property and/or
family members were safe."
Community organizations and
businesses helped as well. The Davis'
church served three meals a day to
the firefighters, with the first crew
of volunteers arriving at 3 a.m. each
morning to prepare breakfast. "Everyone
felt so good about helping those people
who were putting themselves on the
line for us," says Diana. "And since
we saw the firefighters everyday, we
became close with them, joking around
and everything. It was a bonding
Publix donated truckloads of Gatorade
and water for firefighters, and local
schools offered their walk-in coolers for
food storage. A city council member
fed and watered pets left behind by
evacuees, and the owner of the local
hardware store evacuated but left the city
her keys in case they needed supplies.
"You sit back when it's over with
and can say that was a job well done...
of a T-shirt
by everybody," says Mayor Davis. "No
one person can take credit... so many
people played roles that made the whole
operation go smoothly-it was a total
Examining a Political Hot Potato
Political scientists Jim Button and Ken Wald talk about the tumultuous
progress of gay rights legislation in America
Cn: In your book Private Lives Public Conflicts (1997) you
focus on the politics of gay rights, specifically on laws that protect
gays from discrimination in employment and housing (much like
earlier civil rights laws that protected African Americans and
women). As we've seen in our area recently (Gainesville's City
Commission just passed such
an ordinance with a 3-1 final
vote), this is a very controversial
local issue. What are gay rights
opponents' primary objections to the
Wald: The public argument
is usually that gay rights
legislation confers on a
particular class of people
"special rights" not available to
every citizen. That's in a sense
using liberal language to mask a
very conservative purpose. The
notion is that everybody should
be free to live and let live but
that these gay activists want
some sort of unique privileges.
It's an argument that breaks
down very quickly when you From left: Jim Button (P
start looking at the details, Rienzo (Health Science E
but that's been the opponents' (Political Science), autho
slogan. Conflicts, a study of
My sense is that what's
driving this particular part of
the opposition is the idea that gay rights legislation amounts
to the state legitimatingg" behavior that opponents consider
shameful or immoral. I think they believe government
should reflect the values of the community, and that this
action reinforces behavior that should properly be kept
in the closet. People say, "I don't understand why gays
want to make this such an issue-why don't they just live
their lives?" What they in fact mean is, "Why won't gays
just continue to live in the closet?" Their perception is that
aggressive or militant gays want to rock the boat: they want
adoption, they want access to children, they want to recruit...
in this way gay rights are seen as a cultural offensive.
Button: In our interviews some people referred to the
"gay agenda," and that there were these gay activists that
were promoting an agenda that was going to change the
community, drive out businesses and change the public
Cn: Did you encounter any hostility from gay rights opponents in
the interviewing process?
Button: We had a number of people surprised that we even
wanted to interview them or look at this issue. A few asked
us questions like "Where did you get funded and why are
you doing this?" or "What is your bias?" and other kinds
of somewhat defensive questions. Some people refused to
talk to us altogether although most wanted to get the story
out there because this has not been explored very much in
the past, at least by political scientists. It's what some are
calling the "cutting edge" of the civil rights movement of
Cn: What kind of progress do you
think gay rights will see over the
Button: I think homophobia
dies very slowly. More slowly
than racial hate. It's so deeply
ingrained and emotional and
often tied to one's religion or
religious roots that it's going
to be very difficult. I don't
know where gay rights will be
in 30 years, but I would hope
to see many more states and
s communities and perhaps even
the federal government passing
legislation that will at least
protect gays and lesbians in the
most basic areas like employment
itical Science), Barbara and housing. That might be the
ucation), and Ken Wald best we can hope for.
of Private Lives, Public I certainly don't think we are
iy rights legislation. going to see significant change
in the public schools for many
decades. But education is crucial
in terms of ultimately changing attitudes. If you can get the
schools to make the study of sexual orientation part of the
curriculum-just as we study African Americans or other
ethnic and/or religious groups-then I think you can begin
to bring about a degree of acceptance of gays that certainly
isn't here now.
Wald: I agree with Jim. I'm very skeptical that the political
system is going to change radically any time soon. Indeed,
some Republicans believe that attacking gays is a good
way to energize their base constituency. I am however
impressed at the movement in public opinion, not toward
the approval of homosexuality but toward the notion of
live and let live. At one level the public remains very much
inclined to believe that homosexual behavior is wrong,
immoral and problematic, but at the same time there's a
steadily growing sentiment that immoral behavior doesn't
justify discriminatory treatment.
I think the other thing you have to factor in here is the
incredible damage that AIDS has done, not just to gay lives
which is the most important thing, but to the image and
perception of gays in society. Like it or not, Americans
still think of AIDS as a gay disease, and I think that has set
back the case of gay rights. People can say, "Well, there are
consequences to this behavior," as if being gay were the
problem, and I think that's going to prevent any more rapid
change than we've already been seeing.
Rights, continued on page 10
New Perspectives on Religion in the Americas
hen Rosa Espinal joined together with a group of
poor women in 1978 to establish the first
community kitchen (comedor popular) in a
shantytown of Lima, Peru, little did she know that over
the next 20 years some 10,000 comedores would spring
up throughout the country. In addition to enabling poor
women to pool their resources and energy to provide
for their families, the comedores serve as a forum where
women can discuss their everyday problems. According
to Espinal, "Without realizing, we were making a kind of
revolution, because we had brought a private problem,
that of nutrition, out into the public sphere." Many of the
first comedores were initiated by Catholic lay activists like
Rosa Espinal. In fact, Espinal points to her religious faith as
having prompted her to organize the first comedor, and as
helping sustain her participation as a leader in the comedor
Rosa Espinal was one of many voices represented at the
Center for Latin American Studies' 47th annual conference
titled "New Perspectives on Religion and Social Change
in the Americas" held March 26-28 at the Reitz Union.
The Conference, organized by Anna Peterson (Religion),
Manuel VAsquez (Religion), and myself (Political Science),
was funded by the Center for Latin American
Studies, the Pew Charitable Trusts, and the Office Ro
of Research, Technology, and Graduate Education. Uni
In addition to bringing together a diverse group of his
scholars and activists to explore the role of religion Cer
in the current period of political, economic, and Stu
social transformation in the Americas, the conference con
sought to generate interest among students, faculty, Per
and the local community. The panels explored an and
array of themes: 1) religion, citizenship, and political Am
participation; 2) gender, power, and religion; 3) 28
religion, globalization, and collective identity; 4)
churches and community; and 5) popular religiosity
and changing cosmologies. The conference also included
a musical performance and workshop by the Afro-
Dominican group "AsaDif6." A selection of the conference
papers should appear in a special issue of the Journal for
Interamerican Studies and World A f(iii sometime next year.
In addition to presentations by academics from
Australia, Latin America and the US, the conference also
included a roundtable discussion among pastoral workers
and community activists from Peru, El Salvador, and US
Latino communities. The roundtable provided an unique
opportunity for Rosa Espinal and other "ordinary heroes"
to speak about the role that religion plays in people's
everyday lives, especially the ways in which religion
shapes their understanding of the dramatic transformations
affecting their communities and their vision for the future.
Despite the diverse religious backgrounds of the roundtable
participants, there was a high degree of consensus
regarding the complexity of problems confronting their
churches and communities.
The conference was part of a larger three-year study
Peterson, VAsquez and I are conducting. Our project,
which began in 1996, has explored the diverse relationships
between religion and social change in Latin America and
among Latino communities in the US. In addition to
funding the field research in El Salvador, Peru and the US,
the grant also has supported graduate students in Political
Science and Religion. This past year we have been working
with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to organize
training workshops and to develop popular educational
materials to serve the communities that have participated in
Growing out of this collaborative, interdisciplinary
research project, Peterson, VAsquez and I, along with Ken
Wald (Political Science), are currently working on a new
programmatic initiative to promote the study of religion in
the Americas at UF The proposed program would build on
the success of the research project and enlarge its scope to
encompass other regions of the Americas and to incorporate
teaching and outreach dimensions as well as research. It
also would strengthen partnerships established during
the research project with academic institutions, pastoral/
theological centers, and NGOs in Latin America and the US.
wan Ireland (Latrobe
versity, Australia) gives
keynote address at the
iter for Latin American
dies' 47th annual
iference titled "New
spectives on Religion
ISocial Change in the
ericas" held March 26-
at the Reitz Union.
Collaborative research partnerships would be organized
around three thematic foci: 1) religion, citizenship, and
public life, 2) religion and globalization, and 3) religion in
historical perspective. In addition to continued research
collaboration, we are putting together a funding initiative
that seeks support for graduate fellowships, visiting
fellows, field research grants, curriculum development, and
a colloquium series. In short, the hope is to make UF an
emerging center of excellence in the study of religion in the
Insight and Evidence
Culture and Conflict in International Relations
Errol A. Henderson is an Assistant
Professor and Coordinator of the
International Relations Program in
the Department of Political Science.
During the Cold War era,
Western scholars largely
ignored the role of
cultural factors such as the religious,
language, and ethnic similarities of
states as important variables in the
study of international conflict. It
was too often assumed that the major
conflicts in the world were fueled by
the political, military, and economic
interests that emerged from the
superpower standoff. With the end
of the Cold War, scholars and policy-
makers not only began to turn their
attention to cultural factors as
predictors to conflict, but their
heightened focus has also evoked fears
of "raging ethnic conflicts," "seething
cultural cauldrons," and "clashes
of civilizations." In fact, in the post
Cold War era, a cottage industry of
doomsday studies has emerged that
portend cultural apocalypse such as was
evident in the conflicts in the former
Yugoslavia, the former Soviet Republics,
and Rwanda. Many of these conflicts
were thought to signal the ascendance
of culture as a major force in world
politics, for some, rivaling even the
spread of nuclear weapons as the most
serious threat to peace in the post-Cold
War world. These conflicts were often
labeled "ethnic conflicts"; however, this
classification is often misleading insofar
as it implies that ethnic differences are
the primary factors in these conflicts
and that the violence is rooted in ancient
One result is that convulsions of
"ethnic violence," as in the case of the
1994 Rwandan genocide, are often
viewed as resulting from historic
cultural gulfs. What is often forgotten
is that Hutu and Tutsi have no
history of "ethnic conflict" prior to
colonization; in fact they share common
language and customs. In addition,
while the story of Isaac and Ishmael
is interesting mythology, Jews and
Arabs have not been fighting since
antiquity, but intermittently since the
1920s. Moreover, Serbs and Croats
hardly fought each other prior to this
century, and their intermarriage rates
were quite high even up to the 1980s.
Clearly, interethnic cooperation more
than conflict has been the norm in
both the relations among states and
the relations among groups within
states. This is not to ignore "ethnic
conflicts" (or the role of cultural
factors in them)
but only to I
remind us that it
is important to
issues in these
arise and not to
assume out of
hand that ethnic
these processes. ,".
For example, '
to result from I
territory and Errol Hen
other resources. Political S
To label such
conflicts" is to confuse the actual
basis for hostilities and to reduce
the likelihood of the non-violent
resolution of the conflict.
Much of my research at UF
has been focused on determining
the salience of cultural factors in
international conflict. Students in
my international relations courses
are exposed to many of the findings
on the correlates of war in order
to separate systematic knowledge
from popular misperceptions, and
informed analysis from speculation
and pretense. I challenge the students
to vigorously examine the reliability
and the validity of claims that are
often parlayed about in policy circles,
popular media, and in academia that
rationalize the use of force and the
pursuit of peace.
One area of research that we
examine is the role of cultural factors
in war. While my published findings
indicate that the religious, ethnic,
and language characteristics of
states are significantly associated with
the likelihood of international war,
I've found that these factors are less
important than the proximity of the
states to each other, their political system
type (e.g. whether they are democracies),
and whether they are major powers.
Therefore, cultural factors, in and
of themselves, are hardly the most
significant correlates of
war and notions of a new
"clashing civilizations" in
world politics are
I've also found that while
religiously similar states
may be less likely to fight
each other, ethnically
S similar states are more
likely to fight each other.
Therefore, the impact of
i/ culture is varied and is
I multidirectionall." I've
also found that states
That are ethnically more
homo-geneous are more
rrson likely to experience wars,
ience which suggests that
more culturally diverse
states (i.e., multicultural
states) are more peaceful. All told, the
implications of my findings suggests that
although cultural factors are important to
analyses of war, nonetheless, those who
rely on cultural hyperbole and augur
multicultural apocalypse are off the
Although too much of the discourse on
the role of culture and conflict continues
to rely on the highly speculative and
pre-scientific work in our discipline, my
hope is that students who graduate from
UF with a concentration in international
relations will continue to critically
analyze the evidence for the assertions of
policy-makers who too often uncritically
rely on misguided characterizations (e.g.,
"ethnic conflict") or failed theses (e.g.,
"clashes of civilizations") to inform their
foreign and domestic policies. I also
hope that these students will contribute
to the body of evidence on the correlates
of war and peace so that our foreign and
domestic policy can be guided by the best
of our insight AND evidence.%
ran nts (through Division of Sponsored Research)
May 1998 Total $ 3,057,729
Am Chem Soc
Boinski, S. ANT
Heemskerk, M. ANT
Chege, M. CAS
Mingo, G. CAS
Lanza-Kaduce, L. CRI
Screaton, E. GLY
Rao, M. MAT
Buchler, J. PHY
Reitze, D. PHY
Spector, A. PSY
Pedersen, T. PSY
Henretta, J. SOC
Agresti, A. STA
Hutson, A. STA
Bolten, A. ZOO
Foundation ...$ 17,550
Williams, P. ANT
50,000 Quantum control in semiconductor devices.
60,000 C60 absorption on metal surfaces-physics and chemistry of interfacial charge
79,090 Editorial office for the journal of quality technology.
26,413 PCR statistical internship.
47,411 Squirrel monkeys: A test of primate social evolution theory.
12,000 Maroon's land of gold: A gendered political ecology of the human
drivers of land-use change in Suriname.
28,050 Optical properties of irregular dust particles: Experiment and theory.
7,500 Research experiences for undergraduates in chemistry at U of F
Conducting polymers derived from novel electron rich condensed heterocydes.
Design and use of methods for peptide secretion studies.
NSF presidential faculty fellow.
95,300 Theoretical studies of reactive molecular processes.
65,283 Conducting polymers derived from novel electron rich condensed heterocydes.
99,674 Asparagine biosynthesis in normal and tumor cells.
55,000 Summer 1996-98 intensive advanced Hausa/Yoruba language institute
Fulbright-Hayes group projects abroad.
340,947 National resource center and foreign language and area studies fellowships.
289,087 Upward Bound U of F
127,903 Regional community policing institute at Gainesville.
22,010 Participation on scientific cruise of the Joides resolution leg 180-Woodlark Ba-
41,846 Positron emission tomography: Modeling analysis ITHMS.
77,000 Nonlinear stellar pulsations.
913,298 Input/output optics for LIGO.
33,746 Functional organization of peripheral gustatory system: Reentry supplement.
North Florida Area Health Education Center program.
Asset and health dynamic among oldest old.
Modeling repeated categorical responses.
Dose response to exercise and cardiovascular health.
28,693 Sea turtles and longline fisheries in the Eastern Atlantic.
8,000 1998 Cerro Baul excavation project: Investigation within elite domestic
and craft production components of the site.
3,150 Miscellaneous donors.
1,700 Miscellaneous donors.
4,700 Zoology presidential research graduate fellowship program.
Brown, Jr., W.
CSD Misc Donors
CAS Mult Sources
POL UF Alumni
6,250 Miscellaneous donors account.
4,800 Matching funds for the DOE grant 575640311.
20,750 Marketing research for the Alumni Association.
ran ts (through Division of Sponsored Research)
ranJune 1998 Total $ 2,004,096
Godoy, R. ANT
Katritzky, A. CHE
Katritzky, A. CHE
Katritzky, A. CHE
Katritzky, A. CHE
Katritzky, A. CHE
Katritzky, A. CHE
Toth, A. CHE
Wagener, K. CHE
Yost, R. CHE
Scicchitano, M. POL
Scicchitano, M. POL
Hollinger, R. SOC
Oliver Smith, A.
US Air Force
Deregulation and institutional framework.
Miles compound contract.
COR Therapeutics: Provision of compounds.
Dow Elanco compounds agreement.
Dow Elanco compounds agreement.
Structure activity relationships in viscous substances.
Miles compound contract.
Development of electrochemistry/ mass spectrometry (EC/ MS).
Metal-containing polymers via metathesis chemistry.
Fundamental and instrumental studies of GC/MS/MS on the GCQ.
A survey of housing in Georgia.
Survey of Oaks Mall customers.
Security research project.
Coastal estuarine biocultural adaptation.
Markets, acculturation, and health in a rain forest society.
Entering new landscaped conference.
Dissertation research: Small rural agricultural producer's household.
Florida space grant consortium.
Florida space grant consortium training grant-non-UF recipients.
Detecting planets in circumstellar disks.
A complete study of far-infrared radiation in nearby spiral galaxies.
A morphological census of Z>1 clusters in the optical rest-frame.
Characterization of the chemical and physical properties of comae.
Origin of the infrared excess in pre-main-sequence stars.
Modifying existing instrumentation to advance pixon-based image.
Identification and synthesis of high nitrogen propellants.
The features of self-assembling organic bilayers.
Well-controlled polymer structures via metathesis polycondensation chemistry.
Botany, genetics and the evolutionary synthesis (1924-1974).
Modeling and design of diffractive optics.
Charged particle dynamics in nonequilibrium states.
Gravitational waves and their detection: Research in LIGO.
Interaction of GE with surfactants on the SI(100) surface.
Behavioral determinants of cocaine tolerance.
Tamil Muslims and Muslim literature in Tamil.
Social construction of the closet.
24,800 Development and use of satellite telemetry.
Skeletal responses to high altitude and cold stress in humans and macaques.
Characterization of solid acids by NMR and calorimetry.
Benefits of incorporating ENSO forecasts into reservoir operation.
12,000 Aerial photograph library management and database services.
13,035 Spatial and relational database services for water use and supply.
Martin, J. GLY
Kepner, J. STA
Carter, R. STA
U of Alaska 53,510 Modern fluid venting and its history: Monterey Bay, CA.
25,889 Molecular markers of prognosis in medulloblastoma.
2,010 Informatics-database management for Florida Birth Defects Registry.
The Casera project.
Social Learning and Social Structure: A General Theory of Crime and Deviance
Ronald L. Akers (Criminology)
Northeastern University Press
(review taken from book jacket)
This is a landmark book from Ronald L. Akers, the leading authority on social learning theories
of crime and deviance. It is the culmination of over thirty years of rigorous theory construction,
careful data analysis, and subsequent revisions of social learning theory. The book opens with a
lively personal history of the development of social learning theory as a revision of Sutherland's
differential association theory. It then reiterates the important point that what is often labeled
'cultural deviance theory' is merely a caricature of learning theories. The book then reviews Akers'
extensive empirical research on social learning, and concludes with an important presentation
of a theory of social structure and social learning. This is the definitive statement of the social
learning theory of deviance, and is must reading for serious students of crime and deviance.
...one can assume that there will be some motivation for many [juvenile] respondents to conceal or under-
report smoking out of fear of disclosure, even as others may be motivated by a desire to be different or to show willingness to flout paternal
and societal rules to report themselves falsely as smokers or to over-report how much they smoke. The widespread use of self-reported behavior
in studies of deviance has been accompanied by a keen awareness of both of these types of response-validity problems and attempts to get the
truth about behavior that is socially defined as undesirable. Hence, a number of techniques of gauging response validity were developed long
ago for self-reports of drug use, such as including a bogus drug in the list of substances and comparisons of self-reports with clinical records
(Whitehead and Smart, 1972), and for other forms of self-reports of delinquent behavior, such as comparing questionnaire responses with
polygraph findings and with official records (Hardt and Peterson-Hardt, 1977; Hindelang et al., 1981). On balance, the research findings from
these checks on truthfulness of responses give us some confidence in the validity of self-report measures of deviance in samples of adolescents
(Radosevich et al., 1979).
Rig hts, continued from page 5
Cn: For your book you did hundreds of surveys P
and several in-depth case studies of places like
Raleigh, North Carolina that had successfully
passed legislation. It seems surprising that a
conservative southern city like Raleigh voted to L
recognize gay rights. C
Wald: Actually, there are a number of Bat
southern, more conservative communities like il A
Raleigh that none the less have ordinances of aon
this nature. Before the ordinance passed in ..,, ..
Raleigh, a network of local clergy, organized .
around concerns of gays and lesbians, were '
very helpful in organizing support of the
ordinance. In some cases they went to the
pastors of the larger churches in the area that
might be expected to oppose it and encouraged them not to
take a position on it. That was the clearest example we saw of
proactive work by the more liberal religious community, and I
think that made a big difference.
Cn: Does any region of the country have a noticeably higher
concentration of communities with gay rights legislation?
Button: California...it's still the most progressive state in
the country. University communities are also ideal because
they tend to be more progressive. Places like Madison,
Minneapolis, Austin and Boulder were among the first to pass
gay rights legislation.
Cn: You mentioned earlier that there hasn't been much work done
on gay rights in the political science arena. Why not?
Wald: Political science tends to study people with
power-that's the primary focus. So I think any
powerless group tends to get less attention.
Button: At the same time though, political science
has devoted a lot more attention to African
Americans and women than to gays and lesbians.
I think there is still a homophobic bias there.
Since it's a subject that hasn't been explored
before to any great extent by political scientists,
it's exciting work... path-breaking and very
SWald: And there's more work starting to be done
now. I'm actually editing a book with a couple
of other people [of which Button, Wald and
Rienzo are doing a chapter] about the politics of gay rights.
We've got a mix of gay identified authors who've been the
pioneers-people like John D'Emilio and Ken Sherrill who
are well-known in the field-but also people for whom this
is a new departure. For example our chapter on gays in
the courts is being written by a political scientist who is a
leading court authority. She's not done work on gay issues
before, but she saw this as a new area. Our congress chapter
is being written by one of the leading congress scholars who
also saw this as an interesting problem. It's a venue that
raises important questions of political science that we ought
to study: How do groups that don't have much power go
about changing public policy? In what ways are politics that
involve gays different from politics that don't? So I think it's
slowly going to become a more recognized field of study.%
I T14 1, h.1
Political Science Staff
Front office staff in
the Department of
includes Debbie Wal-
len (far left), Senior
Secretary in Politi-
cal Science for nine
and half years, and
Marti Swilley (left),
Senior Secretary for
six years with the
Conway, continued from page 1
family demands with corporate
demands, and that's very difficult to
do." To illustrate this point, Conway
tells the story of Brenda Barnes, a
member of senior management at
Fortune 500 company Pepsico, who
recently quit to spend time with
her three children. Her resignation
generated a good bit of controversy,
especially among working women
who viewed her as a trail blazer. "A
lot of women were upset because she
was one of the few who could have
made president or CEO of a Fortune
500 company, and she just quit," says
Conway. Her departure from the
corporate world indicates how far we
have yet to go in shaping equitable
employment policy and finding
better ways for individuals, both men
and women, to combine demanding
careers with family responsibilities.
While women may not yet
have equal presence in the board
room, they are making themselves
heard at the polls. In her 1997 co-
authored book, Women and Political
Participation, Conway discusses the
positive trend in women's voting
behavior. "Women turn out a lot
more than they use to," she says.
"Until 1980, they did not vote in
presidential elections at the same
level of turnout as men. But from
1980 through 1996, women voted at
the same level or higher levels that
The larger percentage of women
showing up at the polls has given
them a significant new political
power, particularly because women
tend to vote down certain gender
lines. "The issues that women are
most concerned about and that
they tend to emphasize in voting
choices are what are known as the
'compassion' issues: education,
welfare, Social Security...human
well-being issues," says Conway.
"Men might focus more on economic
issues, foreign policy issues, defense
or national security. This different
focus on issues leads to a different
perception of the political parties.
Women tend to favor the Democratic
party more than men do, and this
gets its significance-as long as turn
out rates are equal-in the fact that
there are more women than there are
men of voting age. Depending on
the distribution of voting patterns in
the states for example, women can
have a huge impact on outcomes of
presidential elections because of the
importance of the largest states in the
Electoral College vote which actually
elects the president. Their voting
patterns can even have significant
impact on midterm elections." For
example, some political analysts trace
the landslide Republican victories in
1994 (when the party took control of
the House for the first time in many
years) back to a significant drop in
female support for the Democratic
party from 1992 to 1994. If women
had gotten out in greater numbers to
vote between presidential elections or
been more supportive of Democratic
party candidates, they might have
changed the course of a historic
Conway, recently promoted to
Distinguished Professor, came to UF in
1989 from the University of Maryland,
where she worked for 26 years. How
was Florida lucky enough to lure her
away from the place she made her
name? "UF has a good department
with a lot of people doing research
that's of interest to me," she says.
"It's very strong in American politics
and political behavior [her primary
interests], and the graduate program
is very well organized and structured
to do a good job in training doctoral
"I've always wanted to live in
Florida, too," she adds, "so that didn't
S. UNIVERSITY OF
CLAS notes is published monthly by the
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences to
inform faculty and staff of current research
Dean: Will Har-
Editor: Jane Gibson
Graphics: Gracy Castine
Musings, continued from page 1
completed or funded, is now growing
lengthy. Griffin-Floyd Hall, Leigh Hall,
Anderson Hall, Keene-Flint Hall, major
portions of Rolfs Hall, the public areas of
Dauer Hall. We see much accomplished
andmuch left to do. A current high priority
is the renovation of the old Women's Gym.
CLAS will also take over Newell Hall,
the final link in the original UF buildings,
when Agriculture moves to new facilities
across campus. So we are ever looking
for those enlightened people who both
understand the opportunity and have the
resources to make it happen. They will
be found, they will step forward, and we
will move closer to our eventual goal that
all the historic UF buildings regain their
original beauty and utility. Only the timing
Historic preservation is now catching on
even at the national level. Hillary Clinton
recently kicked off the "Save American
Treasures" movement, during which she
visited and targeted a series of national
monuments for restoration, including
Thomas Edison's laboratory in New Jersey
and the Francis Scott Key Monument in
Baltimore. She reports that the National
Park Service alone has a $1 billion
backlog in historic structure repair. So the
problem is endemic and requires continuing
attention, not just periodic highlighting. In
the case of UF's historic buildings, perhaps
a special annual allocation of maintenance
and repair funds might be taken off the top
of the UF budget, a process that has been
successful at other universities faced with
the upkeep of historic buildings.
Vince Scully, the Sterling Professor
Emeritus of art history at Yale, said
recently, "Historic preservation is the most
important singular popular mass movement
to affect architecture and planning in the
modem era." CLAS has led this effort at
the University of Florida to the benefit of
the entire university. We must pass on this
precious heritage to our legatees in better
shape than we found it. UF's beautiful
campus must continue to be renewed and
sustained for those who come after us in
the 21st century- and beyond.
Note from the Chair
Leslie Paul Thiele, Department of Political Science
he Department of
now has more
in any previous year. Our
number of honors majors
has also risen to record
levels. The success of
the department's under-
graduate program is no
doubt due to the dedication
of its faculty. This year,
we expanded our use of
electronic advising by
placing our Undergraduate
Advisement Handbook on-
line and implementing an Les Thi
Undergraduate e-mail list Politica
computer connections, we
shored up our personal
interactions with majors by offering
various capstone course experiences (senior
colloquia, internships and summer abroad
opportunities), by encouraging our best
undergraduates to pursue departmental
honors, and by nurturing the development
of Pi Sigma Alpha, the Political Science
Honorary Society. Next year, the Department
will initiate a Best Undergraduate Paper
Award for our majors. The winner will
receive a travel grant that will allow him or
her to attend an academic conference or scout
out prospective graduate schools.
Our Graduate Program also grew and
improved. A number of
our PhD students secured
tenure-track positions "The gr
in very fine liberal arts and the
institutions this year. Our exciting
graduate students also won seeking
four CLAS Dissertation various t
Fellowships and a number of
prestigious external awards, the disc
including a Brookings
Fellowship and a United States Institute of
Peace Fellowship. This coming year we are
initiating a Teaching Certificate Program
for our PhD students. This program will
improve our students' pedagogy and give
them a leg up in a tough job market.
Last year we successfully conducted
searches for scholars of European politics
and the American presidency. The
Department will be searching this year for
specialists in foreign policy and comparative
environmental politics. The growth in the
number of our faculty
and the quality of our
programs is very exciting,
particularly because we
'S are seeking and finding
scholars who bridge
various fields within
the department and the
What of the challenges
that lie ahead? There
S are many. Our graduate
program is steadily
\.i',. improving, but we need to
i' enhance our recruitment
efforts, and we ought to
ele, Chair be placing more of our
II Science students at better teaching
and research institutes.
That will take hard work.
Our faculty are very
productive, and they are
nationally and internationally known for
their scholarship. But more of us could be
receiving the external funding that makes
much first-rate research possible. That will
take initiative. Our reputation for excellence
in teaching is strong, but there is always room
for improvement. Then there is the challenge
of responding to the latest policy directives.
Here the Department must balance the push
for growth and change with the conservation
of our most fundamental obligations to
students and scholarship.
It is the collegiality and dedication of the
faculty and exceptional staff that will
wth in the number of our faculty
quality of our programs is very
, particularly because we are
and finding scholars who bridge
fields within the department and
allow the Department of Political Science
to continue to translate its challenges into
accomplishments. We aim to cultivate a
common vision of helping each other engage
in the highest quality scholarship and of
sharing that scholarship in the most effective
ways with our students and our peers.
The Department of Political Science, I'm
sure, will meet its challenges handily. I 'd
be a little more confident, however, if faculty
would submit their teaching schedules and
semester assignment reports on time. Such
are the betes noires of a chair.%