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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073682/00113
 Material Information
Title: CLAS notes the monthly news publication of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- College of Arts and Sciences
Publisher: College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Creation Date: February 1998
Frequency: monthly
regular
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Subjects / Keywords: Education, humanistic -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
General Note: Subtitle varies; some numbers issued without subtitle.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 2, no. 11 (Nov. 1988); title from caption.
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Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001806880
oclc - 28575488
notis - AJN0714
lccn - sn 93026902
System ID: UF00073682:00113
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Table of Contents
    Main
        Page 1
    Around the college
        Page 2
        Page 3
    CLAS stats
        Page 4
        Page 5
    Alumni profile
        Page 6
        Page 7
    New faculty
        Page 8
    Bookbeat
        Page 9
    Grants awarded through Division of Sponsored Research
        Page 10
        Page 11
    Note from the chair
        Page 12
Full Text

February 1998




CLASnotes


Vol. 12 The University of Florida College of Liberal Arts and Sciences


No. 2


- T Ih.susings


The Joy of Flying


Dissecting Homicide
Re-thinking the Relationship Between Race and Violence


The time is midnight. The
place is the Atlanta airport, where
I sit composing this column while
still hoping to reach Gainesville
tonight. The prospect does not look
good. The last flight out has been
cancelled (again). Never, never book
that flight.
If misery loves company, I'm all set.
Around me is a tired and somewhat
testy group of fellow Gainesvillians
pondering unspeakable acts to be
visited upon those who control our air
travel. The only remaining travel option
tonight is a triangulated path based on
flying to Jacksonville, followed by a
weary bus-ride to Gainesville. Most
of us decide that arriving home at 3:30
am beats an overnight in Atlanta, even
if not by much.
Although flying has never been
what one might call fun, it was at least
tolerable. But for the moment, the
quality of our service more resembles
that found in third world countries.
I tell my pocket micro-recorder that
if I get home safely this time, I may
never fly again. It is enough to be
reminded of Samuel Johnson's remark
on selective travel, when he noted of a
recommended sight, "Tis worth seeing,
but not worth going to see." Going is
certainly the problem.
But not traveling is hardly an
option. University people must travel.
There are papers to be given, talks
to be delivered, funds to be raised.
Hunkering down in Gainesville, as
attractive as that seems right now, is
not viable. The health and reputation
of UF relies on our faculty interacting
with their peers elsewhere, reporting
first hand on all the exciting scholarship
and teaching activities for which this
institution is known. To do this, we
must have adequate air service in
Gainesville.
Beyond the understandable concerns
for our own convenience, we must
worry about the effect that travel
-See Musings, page 12


Despite an abundance of
Hollywood plot lines that pit
whites against blacks in
stereotypical, often bloody, battles,
real-life violence is rarely an interracial
act. In fact, 90% of all homicides in the
US involve victims and offenders of the
same race. Sociologist Karen Parker,
who studies violent crime at the Center
for Criminology and Law, is specifically
interested in the fact that among same-
race crimes, the black-black homicide
rate is three times greater than the white-
white rate. In a recent article, Parker
explores the economic and residential
factors behind these racial patterns of
homicide. "Violence is most likely to
occur in urban areas," She explains,
"so I'm interested in examining what it
is about those urban areas that causes
such vast differences between blacks
and whites and their involvement in
homicides. I don't look at personality
characteristics, or individual character-
istics; instead, I'm looking at the urban
environment itself, and particularly at
the labor market. Are blacks getting
access to jobs in urban areas? If not, does
that contribute to their involvement in
violence?
"What I'm finding is that job access for
urban blacks has decreased significantly
over time," Parker says. "With industrial
shifts in cities, jobs are pushed out and
many individuals (of all ethnicities) can't
find work. In the 1990s this trend has
been particularly pronounced and has
had a significant impact on the rate of
inner city violence."
Parker believes several other
environmental factors, including
segregation, are also involved. "When
you look at urban areas," she explains,
"whites and blacks still don't live in the
same neighborhoods."


Karen Parker
Criminology and Law


According to Parker, the quality of life
in segregated inner city neighborhoods
varies greatly. "What you see in
many black, urban residential areas
is widespread poverty, high rates of
unemployment, limited resources,
limited access to education, and family
disruption," she says. "As a rule,
white neighborhoods don't face those
same kinds of conditions. Although
fluctuations in white-white violence also
correlate to shifts in the labor market,
urban blacks are dealing with realities
of starker disadvantage, which may go a
long way toward explaining the higher
rate of black-black homicide."
Parker suggests that alleviating black-
black violence (and inner city violence
in general) requires a joint effort by
government and communities. "We've
got to move the resources back into
these areas, so residents have access,"
she says. Government needs to entice
businesses that moved out to the
suburbs to move back into the city and
to provide incentives for new businesses
to open in these areas, increasing job
-See Parker, page 11


This month's focus: Center for Criminology and Law







Arour


DEPARTMENTS
ENGLISH
Jim Haskins and N.R. Mitgang, co-authors of Mr. Bojangles:
The Biography of Bill "Bojangles" Robinson (Morrow, 1988),
will be interviewed on A&E "Biography" in an episode
chronicling the life of Bill "Bojangles" Robinson on Thurs-
day, February 26.

MATHEMATICS
Helmut Voelklein has returned from Tel Aviv University,
where he spent the fall semester participating in the "Field
Arithmetic" semester. Its main event was the Gentner Sym-
posium, where Volklein gave one of the four main lectures,
along with J. Coates (Cambridge), E. Shalit (Jerusalem),
and D. Harbater (Pennsylvania). The title of his talk was:
"Embedding Problems Over Ample Fields."

RELIGION
Vasudha Narayanan was awarded a National Endowment
for Humanities Fellowship for 1998-99. Of the 85 NEA fel-
lowships awarded nationally, Narayanan received the only
award in the field of religion. She plans to devote the year
to continuing her project on Hindu/Muslim interaction in
South India.

Anna Peterson's book, Martyrdom and the Politics ofReligion,
has been selected as an outstanding academic book for 1997
by Choice, a national book review publication.

ROMANCE LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES
In November 1997, Raymond Gay-Crossier was invited
by the Mishkonot Sha'ananim Center in Jerusalem to give
a keynote presentation entitled "Les enjeux de la pens6e
de midi" as part of an international conference on Albert
Camus sponsored by the Van Leer Institute.


McQuown Scholarships
Honor UF's Female Scholars
The deadline to apply for the O. Ruth McQuown
Scholarship Awards through the College of Liberal
Arts and Sciences is Feb. 16.
These awards honor UF's female scholars in the
humanities, social sciences, individual interdisci-
plinary studies and women's studies.
The most important criterion is academic
achievement and promise. In addition, the com-
mittee may consider contributions or likely contri-
butions to the student's university, local, or larger
community.

Applications and additional information are available in 2014
Turlington. For more information, contact CLAS Associate
Dean Patricia Miller at 392-6800.


id the College
New Graduate Degree Approved in
Communication Sciences and Disorders


UF Audiology professors (from left, Patricia Kricos (CLAS),
Kenneth Gerhardt (CLAS), Scott Griffiths (CLAS), Alice Holmes
(CHP), Carl Crandell (CLAS), and Joseph Kemker (CHP)) joined
forces to create the new AuD degree.

Doctor of Audiology (AuD) Program Begins Fall 1998
Joint efforts by audiology faculty from the Departments
of Communication Sciences and Disorders (in CLAS) and
Communicative Disorders (in CHP) have resulted in the
creation of a new Doctor of Audiology (AuD) degree, to
be offered by the Graduate School. CLAS professor of
audiology Ken Gerhardt says the new AuD, designed for
students who want to practice audiology rather than to
research and/or teach in the area, represents "a national
trend prompted by changes in scientific understanding of
hearing and hearing loss, as well as new technologies that
help with the evaluation and treatment of individuals with
hearing impairment." Although this trend has continued
for several years, UF is one of the first major research
universities in the country to initiate such a program.
In December, the proposed degree received University
Senate approval, the final step in what Gerhardt calls "a
very lengthy process." The four-year, 125 semester hour
program includes 78 hours of course work in basic sciences,
applied audiology, clinical research, statistics, medical
neuroscience, neuro-otology, health care administration,
hearing-aid technology, counseling, communication and
aging, and speech-language pathology. The remaining
47 hours include clinical educational experiences in the
campus clinic, at the many practicum sites at the Health
Sciences Center and affiliated hospitals in the north Florida
area, at the Veterans Administration Medical Center located
adjacent to the Health Center complex, and through
audiology residency placements during the fourth year.
CLAS Department of Communication Sciences and
Disorders will continue to offer their MA in Speech
Pathology and PhD in audiology and hearing science, but
they will replace the MA in audiology with the new four-
year AuD.A







Around The College

Open Door Open Mind: Albert B. Smith Retires

Raymond Gay-Crosier Reflects Upon the Departure of his Esteemed Colleague in RLL


For many years, lost souls
wandering the corridors of
Dauer Hall in search of a more
humane habitat discovered
the open door of room 159,
the office of Al Smith. Smith's
room became a privileged
space frequented by students
and colleagues alike, who were
accustomed to his warm and
friendly reception. Whether
they were seeking his advice-Al
was as accomplished as an
undergraduate advisor as he Romance L
was as a decade-long graduate
coordinator-or whether they
were simply attempting to practice what seems
increasingly difficult to find, namely collegiality, he
gave them what must always remain a gift: his full
presence.
A. B. Smith earned a BA in German (1951) and
an MA in French (1951) from Emory and a PhD in
Romance Languages and Literatures from UNC-
Chapel Hill. He began his professorial career in 1961
at the University of Chicago, but quickly accepted
an offer from UF later that year, where he rose
through the ranks to become a full professor by
1977. Author of two noted books (Ideal and Reality
in the Fictional Narratives of Theophile Gautier (1969)
and Theophile Gautier and the Fantastic (1977), he also

Southeastern Women's Studies
Association 21st Annual Conference
Complementary Connections & Chaos in
Women's Studies: Mapping Feminist Frontiers

March 13 -15, 1998, University of Florida
Center for Women's Studies and Gender Research

A Tri-Conference in collaboration with:
*The Third Meeting of National Leaders

in Women's Health Research and
*The Second Annual International Festival
of Women Composers
$90 Fee includes handouts, continental
breakfasts, breaks, receptions, and Saturday lunch.
For more information about the conference:
392-3365 (Whone) or 392-4873 (fax)


aL


produced a string of articles
on Provost, Camus, Vigny,
Musset, and, especially,
Gautier and the fantastic.
Additionally, Smith wrote
the segment on Gautier in
Nineteenth-Century French
Fiction Writers: Romanticism
and Realism, 1800-1860
Dictionary of Literary
Biography (C. Savage [ed.],
bertB Smith 1992), a standard reference
nguages and Literatures tool in literary research.
In order to maintain
the links between UF and
secondary schools and to improve the standards
of language teaching in high schools, Al acted as
judge for nearly 20 years (1968-87) in State High
School French Competitions. He has also been, and
continues to be, the Examiner for the International
Baccalaureate Program in French at Eastside High
School.
It is nice to conclude this aperqu on Al Smith's
accomplishments in the present tense and to point
out that his professional activities continue albeit on
a somewhat reduced scale. Of course, we hope he'll
frequently visit the very halls he just left, because his
friends and colleagues will find it hard to endure the
absence of his infectious laughter.%

Summer Employment Opportunity
The PREVIEW orientation program at UF is looking for
enthusiastic faculty members from
ALL areas to work as advisors for
new freshmen and transfer students.

Information sessions to be held in Room 200 of Aca-
demic Advising Center, will cover the application,
time commitments, responsibilities, selection process,
training, and compensation associated with these
positions.

Session dates are as follows:
Monday, February 9 at 4:05 (9th period)
Tuesday, February 10 at 3:00 PM. (8th period)

The deadline for applications will be Wednesday, February
18, 1998 at 5:00 PM, and applications may be picked up at
the information sessions. Questions about this program can
be directed to Lynn O'Sickey at 392-1521.






CLAS stats


CLAS Faculty
Geographic Area of PhD study*
Northwest (Oregon & Washington) 2.5%
Midwest (Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, 21.5%

Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota,
Missouri& Ohio)

Northeast (Connecticut, D.C., Maryland, 24%
Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New
Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania & Rhode
Island)

Southeast (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, 23%
Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee &
Virginia)
Southwest (Arizona, California, 15%
Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico,
Texas & Utah)
International 14%

Top Ten CLAS Faculty
PhD Granting Institutions*

1. U of Florida 51
2. U of C Berkeley 24
3. Harvard 23
4. U of Chicago 21
5. Stanford 20
6. U of Wisconsin 20
7. U of Illinois 19
8. U of Michigan 18
9. Ohio State 17
10. Princeton 15


Did you know?*
The oldest CLAS faculty member is 78 and
the youngest is 25.

The average age of a CLAS faculty member
is50.

The average CLAS faculty member received
a PhD at 30 years of age.

The average CLAS faculty member has been
at UF for 15 years.

There are 3.125 male CLAS faculty members
for every female CLAS faculty member.
Source: Dean's Office Personnel Database 11/14/97


Student Credit Hours (1996-97)


Mathematics
English
Chemistry
Psychology
Romance Lang & Lit
Statistics
History
Biological Sciences
Physics
Sociology


49,019
48,324
40,949
30,397
25,177
24,086
23,492
21,046
20,553
18,020


Top Ten Student-Rated Teaching Units
(1996-7)
1. Linguistics 4.36
2. Romance L & L 4.36
3. African & Asian 4.35
4. English 4.32
5. Criminology & Law 4.30
6. CPD 4.30
7. Religion 4.29
8. Psychology 4.27
9. Germanic & Slavic 4.22
10. History 4.20
CLAS Average 4.11


Research Awards (1996-97)
Department $ per Dept. $ per FTE
(faculty)


1. Chemistry
2. Physics
3. Statistics
4. Astronomy
5. Geology
6. Psycholog
$ 26,809
7. Zoology
8. African Studies
9. Political Science
10. Botany


$9,486,435
$3,966,167
$2,491,488
$1,478,558
$1,339,791
$1,072,370

$1,019,745
$ 739,483
$ 701,821
$ 512,439


$167,015
$ 68,147
$158,190
$ 71,256
$ 72,421


$ 37,163
$492,989
$ 22,973
$ 36,603






Responding to Crime


'Policy Relevant Research' Will Shape Future of Criminal Justice System, says Lonn Lanza-Kaduce


L onn Lanza-Kaduce
knew he didn't want
to practice law,
even while he earned his
JD at the University of
Iowa. "I was always more
interested in law as a social
institution," Lanza-Kaduce
says, which explains why
he immediately went on for
a PhD in sociology. "At the
end of my law degree, I was
involved in a legal opinion
and knowledge study for a
project. That got me started
on the research path, and
I've never looked back."
Sociology, which Lanza-
Kaduce had already earned
a Masters in, was a natural
choice, as was joining, in
1980, UF's Center for Criminology and
Law, which combines the study of law
and legal policy with criminology and
aspects of criminal justice that tie into
various disciplines including sociology,
history and psychology.
The Iowa-born Lanza-Kaduce is
enthusiastic about his diverse work. "I
do policy research," he explains. "Part
of that research started out in drugs and
alcohol, from there to drunk driving and
drinking age raise, and the most recent
effort on that line has been a study
with colleagues to examine the effects
of drinking alcohol on risk perceptions
relevant to deterrence of crime. We
know there's a relationship between
alcohol and crime, but the important
question, of course, is whether or not
this relationship is a cause and effect
one. In other words, does alcohol use
increase crime? We are conducting
studies to find out. If it does, then
we can target alcohol use to prevent
crime, but if common factors cause both
alcohol use and crime, then targeting
alcohol use isn't going to do a damn
bit of good." Lanza-Kaduce says there
are important policy implications to
such findings, since they help us as a
society decide where we should put our
emphasis, efforts and limited resources


Lonn Lanza-Kaduce
(Center for Criminology and Law)


as we try to combat our problems.
Lanza-Kaduce has analyzed the effect
of raising the drinking age in Florida
(from 19 to 21 on July 1,1985). Although
data from many states indicate that the
total number of alcohol related accidents
declined slightly among 19-21 year olds
after the age was raised (seemingly
supporting the efficacy
of the new drinking
age), Lanza-Kaduce and "No
his fellow researchers saying
examined the various not a p
psycholo-gical and
sociological "ripples" inst
of the deci-sion. "We it's E
looked at college kids disco
born in June of 1966 the na
and compared them to
their peers born in July the pr
of 1966." Those who Unless
turned 19 before July uncoV
1, 1985 remained (by a we dor
"grandfather" clause)
legally able to purchase how to
and consume alcohol, a areas
while teens born just respond
days or weeks later,
remained illegal for two
more years. An ideal study group, says
Lanza-Kaduce, because in all other
ways these two groups were equal.
They belonged to the same peer groups,


C

r
:I



t






C
e
'


S


were in the same grade in school, and
grew up in the same political, cultural
and economic climate.
The study's results proved interesting.
The illegal drinkers developed a sense
of injustice at their arbitrarily lost right,
an attitude, Lanza-Kaduce claims, that
often results in disrespect for laws and
increased deviance. Illegal drinkers also
tended to drink in private places, where
excess was less likely to be curbed-in
fact, in deference to the unjustness of
their position, it was often encouraged.
These and other findings elicited many
questions and considerations that may
serve to undermine the seeming progress
in accident statistics. Did more of the
illegals become alcoholics? Did their
introduction into the ease of acquiring
illegal substances (via strangers who
bought for them) and their entree into
the black-market (through purchasing
fake I.D.s) cause them to be more likely
to pursue the acquisition of other illegal
goods like guns or drugs? "The more
we scrutinized the sur-rounding and
resulting issues of the age change,
Lanza-Kaduce says, "the more factors
we discovered that may
in fact negate or offset
new'ss any progress in terms of
there's highway safety."
oblem; Currently, Lanza-
S Kaduce is working on
,ad, a project with Donna
bout Bishop (UCF) and fellow
rering UF sociologist Chuck
u re of Frazier, which examines
the efficacy of the recent
~blem. trend to send juvenile
we can offenders to adult court.
r that, Even though present
t know data from the State
Department of Juvenile
design Justice suggests that
)nable trying children as adults
e to it." may be doing more
damage than good, the
same data from local
courthouses didn't clearly match the
state records. "There were many
mistakes and discrepancies," says
Lanza-Kaduce, "so we're currently


-See Lanza-Kaduce, page 11








Alumni Profile
Ft. Lauderdale Physician Considers CLAS Education 'a Gift'
Pays UF Back With Large Estate Gift and Endowed Scholarships


after Tom McGinty graduated
from St. Petersburg High
School in 1951, he went to St.
Pete Junior College and then to UF
for a year before leaving school to
enlist in the Air Force. "At the time,
I had no idea what I wanted to do
for the rest of my life," he confesses.
McGinty worked his way up to the
rank of buck sergeant, and by the time
he completed his four-year tour, he'd
found his calling. "I decided I wanted
to be a doctor because my brother had
become one, and he totally enjoyed
what he did. I thought, 'I'll try that and
hopefully I'll enjoy it as much as he
does."
With new direction, McGinty
returned to UF in 1958 to became
a CLAS triple major in biology,
psychology and chemistry, staying
in school year round to complete the
course work in just two years. His
haste, he explains, was economically
motivated: "Back then, the triple major
option was the quickest way to get
out and get to medical school," says
McGinty. "I had money I'd saved, and I
had the GI Bill, but I had to manage my
own finances, and it seemed a whole
lot easier to pay for two years of school
instead of three."
McGinty graduated from UF
in 1960 and went on to earn his MD
from the University of Miami. In
1968, he began his radiology career in

"I'm pleased that UF and CLU
built writing and communicate
courses into the required cur
writing should be a big part o
college student's education."


Ft. Lauderdale,
where he still makes his home today.
McGinty has 3 daughters and a
stepdaughter, 3 of whom graduated
from UF.
McGinty is objective about his UF
schooling. "The science components
of my CLAS education thoroughly
prepared me for medical school. I


realized early in my career, however,
that I needed better writing skills. As
a radiologist, I had to write a lot of
reports, so I had to work on phrasing
things succinctly and clearly. This
lack of writing skills was probably
my fault-I took the quickest way
to graduation and didn't pursue
any electives in communications,"
he admits. "I'm pleased that UF
and CLAS have since built writing
and communication courses into the
required curriculum. When I read
articles in medical journals, I can tell
right away which of my colleagues
had complete Liberal Arts training...
writing should be a big part of
any college student's education."
McGinty holds up his daughter Susan
as an example. "Although not a CLAS
graduate-she got her MBA at Florida-
she is convinced that the training she
got from her CLAS English courses has
been an invaluable asset to her career."
Despite retiring in October of 1996,
McGinty remains extremely active.
"It's hard to find enough time to do all
the things I'm interested in, he says.
In addition to gardening, participating
in a bowling league, and supervising
the construction of his new home,
McGinty has returned to the classroom
to study the Bible and the history of
theology. The four-year program,
offered through his Episcopal Church,
is something McGinty says he's
"always wanted
,S have to do."
ion In spite of his
busy schedule,
riculum... McGinty still
f any finds time to
volunteer his
services to UF
as a member of
the CLAS Major
Gifts Committee, and he adamantly
encourages alumni giving. "Alumni
should contribute money to UF," he
stresses, "because their education
was a big gift from the taxpayers of
Florida. Every graduate should give
something back." McGinty doesn't
hesitate to admit the significance of his


Tom and Donna McGinty


own experience at Florida: "If [UF]
hadn't been there for me when I got
out of the service, and had it not been
as cheap as it was-really cheap-I
don't know if I would have ever
achieved all that I have. I've had a
wonderful life. Maybe I would have
had a wonderful life anyway, but it
certainly was enhanced by my UF
education."
Best of all, though, McGinty
practices what he preaches. He
and his wife, Donna, a retired
radiological technician, endowed a
CLAS scholarship fund (which they
add to each year), and recently gave
the College a $3 million estate gift.
"I started giving back to UF in '74,"
explains McGinty. "I was looking
for a pension fund manager and was
given the name of a guy at UF I
met him, and he immediately talked
me into giving money." Of course,
it didn't take much arm-twisting to
convince the South Florida physician
of the benefits of supporting the
liberal arts and sciences: "I believe
that one of the biggest gifts one can
give is to help support people in
making choices in their lives and
careers.... I hope our contributions
can provide scholarships and as
much improvement to the College
of Liberal Arts and Sciences as is
possible."








Drug Policy, Past and Present
Joe Spillane (Historian at the Center for Criminology and Law)
Discusses the History of US Drug Policy


While the problems asso-
ciated with the distri-
bution and use of illegal
drugs sometimes seem to reflect the
most modern of social conditions,
they have a long and important
history. Much of the contemporary
policy debate can rightly be criti-
cized for its rather dim awareness
of historical experience. More often
than not, though, both critics and
defenders of drug laws put history
to use a tool for argument. Indeed,
positions in the debate over alterna-
tives to the current "war on drugs"
seem inextricably linked to views of
history. In debating legalization, for Joseph S,
(Criminology
example, one way to move beyond the ab- (Criminolo
stract and speculative is to analogize current
problems and prospects to comparative or historical experi-
ence. One of the most common is the comparison of current
drug policies to the perceived failures of national alcohol
prohibition (1919-1933). The use of historical analogies to
generate "lessons" for policy debates seems pervasive-the
publication of papers from a 1990 conference on drug policy
sponsored by the Hoover Institution revealed that nearly half
of all the papers relied in part on comparisons to historical
experience.
In 1914, Congress passed the Harrison Narcotic Act, intended
to strengthen the ability of the federal government to control
and limit the legal distribution of opiates and cocaine, and
ushered in a prohibitionist approach to drug control which
has characterized US policies since. Critics and support-
ers of drug prohibition immediately began to argue the
impact of the new controls in the context
of the preceding period of legal supply. "The epi
Their conclusions tended to reflect gen-
eralizations about the pre-prohibition era of drug I
which can be roughly classified as either n restra
"controlled use" models or "epidemic" using be
models. The controlled use model tends
to discount the negative consequences of complex
legal supply, or at the very least to empha-
size the greater costs of drug prohibition.
This view assumes that self-regulation is at least as effective
as legal control, and that social acceptance corresponds to
legal availability. The epidemic model assumes that in the
absence of drug laws, drug-taking will become dangerously
unrestrained, and that informal controls on drug-using be-
havior cannot operate effectively without complementary
formal controls.
The experience with legal supplies of cocaine and opiates
before 1914 reveals strengths and weaknesses in both of the
traditional models. Most drug consumers experienced few, if


pill,
an


any, serious problems related to their con-
sumption of the drug, and many appear to
have discontinued their use without much
difficulty. A minority of chronic opiate
and cocaine users, however, experienced
serious drug-related health problems;
other victims of the "drug habit" could not
discontinue their use, resisting even the
most determined efforts at intervention
and treatment.
Most importantly, the pre-1914 experi-
ence with a legal supply challenges the
traditional view of prohibition as a trans-
formative event, a view which is central
to both the controlled-use and epidemic
models. Informal limits on drug-taking
ane seem, for instance, to have caused levels of
d Law) consumption to peak well before the imposition
of prohibition, contrary to the assumptions of
the epidemic model. On the other hand, the controlled-use
model may be at its weakest when it attempts to character-
ize the climate drug users enjoyed before prohibition. The
informal limits on cocaine selling, for example, together
with the imposition of limited regulatory requirements,
created an environment in which the legal market was
unwilling or unable to meet use demand; in such a climate,
an underground supply of expensive, adulterated drugs
emerged to meet unsatisfied demand. As an emphasis on
informal controls would suggest, legal controls did not
create an antipathy toward opiate, cocaine, and their users,
as much as they built upon existing anti-cocaine sentiment.
Even in the absence of formal controls, cocaine users be-
came the object of public hostility. The image of the "drug
fiend" reflected kernels of the public's real experience


demic model assumes that in the absence
aws, drug-taking will become dangerously
ined, and that informal controls on drug-
havior cannot operate effectively without
entary formal controls."


magnified through lenses of racism, fear, and prejudice
and projected onto the drug user. The treatment of drug
users was poor at best, and largely left to a criminal justice
system without adequate resources or interest.
The ongoing drug problem has clearly renewed interest
in historical and comparative experiences, and produced
calls for more information. This work represents an effort
to synthesize some of this new information, and advance
a useful account of historical patterns of drug consump-
tion.k






New Faculty




Lise Abrams, an assistant professor of psychology, joins UF from UCLA, where she
finished her doctoral work in cognitive psychology in June of 1997. She is interested
in the relationship between memory and language processing, and in how these arenas
are affected by aging. In addition to the seminar on language and cognition in aging
that she is currently teaching, she has also taught courses in cognitive psychology,
statistics and aging. She considers herself an avid women's gymnastics fan and also
enjoys playing the piano and spending money on books.




An assistant professor in romance languages and literatures, Kyle Echols will receive
his PhD in Spanish from The University of Wisconsin at Madison this month. His
research interests include 19th and early-20th century Latin American literature,
particularly work described as indianista or indigenista, especially in Mexico, Peru,
and the Dominican Republic; the ways in which the competing ideologies of Christian
monarchism, liberalism, socialism and fascism have shaped literature in these nations
and during this period; postcolonial theory; and the problems of postmodernism. He
is currently working on a book entitled Indianism, which is to be an investigation of a
mode of 19th-century Latin American literature of the same name. He teaches courses
in Spanish languages, 19th and early 20th-century Latin American literature, Indianism,
transculturation, and Latin American civilization and culture. His outside interests
include bicycling, photography, cooking (and eating), and playing with his 6-month
old son, John Gabriel.


Ricardo Godoy, an assistant professor of anthropology, comes to UF from Harvard
University, where he was a development advisor. He received his PhD in anthropology
from Columbia University in 1983. His present research interests include tropical
deforestation in the new world, the evolution of time preferences and reciprocity, the
resurgence of vector-borne diseases, food security, and the effects of markets on the use
of tropical forest plants and animals by indigenous populations in the Amazon. On a
more applied front, he has been involved for many years in trying to set up agricultural
research and extension systems in Bolivia and Nicaragua. He has conducted field
research on small scale mining among the Jukumani Indians in Highland Bolivia, on
the economics of intercropping among smallholder tree crop farmers in Indonesia and,
more recently, on the effects of economic development on the Twahka and Tsimane'
Indians of the Honduran and Bolivian rain forest. Currently, he is teaching three
graduate seminars in economic anthropology, advanced quantitative methods, and
human ecology.

After receiving her PhD from Lehigh University, Elizabeth Screaton, an assistant
professor of geology, came to UF from the University of Colorado at Boulder, where
she was employed as a postdoctoral researcher. Prior to her PhD work, she was a
groundwater consultant for three years in the Bay Area of California. Her work focuses
on hydrogeology, and she is especially interested in the interrelationship of fluid flow
and tectonics. Her research includes numerical modeling and field investigations of
subduction zones, and she has worked on scientific drilling ships and submersibles off of
the coasts of Oregon, Washington, Costa Rica and Barbados. She has taught introductory
geology courses and is presently teaching a graduate course in hydrogeology. She
looks forward to learning more about Florida geology and hydrogeology. In her free
time, she enjoys swimming and wants to get her scuba certification.






Bookbeat


-- Beyond 1989: Re-
Literature Since
1945
Beyond 1989 Edited by Keith
R-ra.dg cjrm. Bullivant (Germanic
] ,.. ,,, I95 and Slavic Languages
H and Literatures)
Berghahn Books
(review taken from
book jacket)
....... h. With the fall of
the Berlin Wall in
SNovember 1989,
four decades
of separation seemed to have been
brought to an end. In the literary
arena as in many others, this seemed
to be the surprising but ultimately
logical end to the situation in which,
after the extreme separation of the
two Germanies' literatures during
most of the period up to 1980,
an increasing closeness could be
observed during the 1980s, as
relations between the two German
states normalized. With the opening
up of the East in the autumn of 1989,
claims were being made, on the one
hand, that German literature had
never, in fact, been divided, while
others were proclaiming the end of
East and West German literatures as
they had existed, and the beginning
of a new era. This volume examines
these claims and other aspects of
literary life in the two Germanies
since 1945, with the hindsight born of
unification in 1990, and looks as well at
certain aspects of developments since
the fall of the Wall, when, as one East
German put it in 1996, rapprochement
came to an end.

(excerpt) The purpose of this essay is not,
however, to debate the extent to which Germany
had a unified literature before 1990, but to
highlight the problems that political division
posed to creative activity. If we assume that
literature functioned as a type of ersatz public
sphere (Herminghouse, 85), then we need to
examine the structures that enabled or hindered
literature from entering the public domain.
Indeed, in examining specifically texts and
writers that have crossed borders, we can draw
conclusions about the role that writers in one
Germany played in the other, and the way that
literature was public in both states.


Semiotic Psychology: Speech as an
Index of Emotions and Attitudes
Norman Markel (Communication
Sciences and Disorders)
Peter Lang Publishing, Inc., New York

(review taken from book jacket)
Semiotic Psychology is a special and
selective history that focuses on
naturally occurring language and
its meanings. A review of classic
studies from the 1930s through
the 1950s shows how content
analysis can examine discourse as
diverse as plays and psychiatric
interviews. This book provides the
foundations of semiotic psychology,
including its methodological and
theoretical origins in psychology
and anthropological linguistics, and
illuminates the impact of cultural
S forces on
thinking,
emotion,
4 attitude, and












communication. It draws together
the major threads underlying classic
studies in the field, integrating
theories that may never have
appeared together previously.
Semiotic Psychology will be of interest
to semioticians, sociologists, social
and clinical psychologists, linguistic
anthropologists, cognitivists, and
social scientists utilizing content
analysis.

(excerpt) Some of the hostility towards
traditional psychological methods shown by
discourse analysts in sociology, linguistics,
and even social psychology undoubtedly
stems from the lack of sophistication in
behavioral coding. Perhaps what is more
important, the class studies in this book show
how psychological and linguistic analyses can
be combined to produce coding systems that
take account of both aspects of behavior; that
is, a semiotically based analysis.


Science, Vine, and Wine in Modern
France
Henry W. Paul (History)
Cambridge University Press

(review taken
from book jacket)
Science, Vine,
and Wine in SCIENCE. VIE
AND WINE3 *N
Modern France MODERN FRANCE
examines the
role of science in
the civilization
of wine in
modern France.
Viticulture, the
science of the
vine itself, and
oenology, the science of winemaking,
are its subjects. Together, they can
boast of at least two major triumphs:

the creation of the post-phylloxera
vines that repopulated late nineteenth-
century vineyards devastated by
the disease and an understanding
of the complex structure of wine
that eventually resulted in the
development of the wide-spread wine
models of Bordeaux, Burgundy, and
Champagne.
Paul provides an extended
discussion of the importance of Louis
Pasteur and Jean-Antoine Chaptal
to the development of oenology;
detailing the role of research in the
production of wine in the Champagne,
Burgundy, the Languedoc, and
Bordeaux regions. Along the way,
he questions the popular idea that
the more complex the oenology, the
duller the wine. Quite the opposite, he
suggests: research has put the science
of wine on a solid foundation and
made it possible for people to enjoy a
greater variety of better wines.

(excerpt) Pasteur's basic point was that wine
is afood. He meant for the working class.
Pasteur thought that wine has two distinct
virtues: it is a stimulant, and it is afood. The
bourgeoisie may drink wine as a stimulant for
its jaded palate; the working class needs wine
as both stimulant and food. Gladstone, who
as chancellor of the exchequer was responsible
for getting duties lowered on French wines
imported in to the United Kingdom, was in
basic agreement with this point of view: the
"great gift of Providence to man" might tempt
the people of England, if they could afford it.







rant Awards through Division of Sponsored Researc

December 1997 Total $2,288,036


Investigator Dept.
Title
Corporate...$ 421,786


Lada, E.
Boncella, J.
Dolbier, W.
Katritzky, A.
Katritzky, A.
Katritzky, A.
Katritzky, A.
Reynolds, J.
Scott, M.
Maslov, D.
Scicchitano, M.
Scicchitano, M.
Hollinger, R.
Marks, R.


Federal...$1,480,83
Telesco, C.
Harmon, A.
Jones, D.
Williams, K.
Chege, M.
Benner, S.
Drago, R.
Schanze, K.
Talham, D.
Winefordner, J.
Binford, M.
Martin, J.
Ohm, Y
Turull, A.
Avery, P.
Avery, P.
Hebard, A.
Hershfield, S.
Sharifi, F
Mitselmakher, G.
Obukhov, S.
Ramond, P
Sikivie, P.
Sikivie, P.
Sullivan, N.
Spector, A.


AST
CHE
CHE
CHE
CHE
CHE
CHE
CHE
CHE
PHY
POL
POL
PSY
STA

15
AST
BOT
BOT
BOT
CAS
CHE
CHE
CHE
CHE
CHE
GEO
GLY
QTP
MAT
PHY
PHY
PHY


Research Corp
Mobil Corp
SCS, Inc.
Am Cyanamid
Bristol-Myers
Mult Comp
Mult Comp
Monsanto
Research Corp
Research Corp
Cen Fla Gas
Delta Orlando
NARM
US Biomaterials


NASA
NSF
DOT
NSF
DOE
NIH
US Army
NASA
NASA
NSF
NASA
NSF
US Navy
NSA
DOE
DOE
NSF


PHY US Air Force
PHY DOE
PHY NSF

PHY DOE

PHY DOE
PSY NIH


Agency


31,000
50,000
116,000
6,000
85,000
5,150
1,620
43,801
34,520
35,000
5,060
2,750
2,500



74,910
80,000
154,283
5,000
13,472
43,500
86,000
75,003
17,500
113,831
94,952
47,782
15,000
17,335
93,203
11,602
80,000

140,161
83,473
6,820


Award


Investigation of circumstellar disks in young embedded clusters.
Bimetallic group 4 metallocene complexes for the polymerization of 1-olefins.
New methods for the synthesis and production of fluorinated paracyclophones.
American Cyanamid compounds agreement.
Compounds of potential therapeutic value.
Miles compound contract.
Miles compound contract.
Active molecule delivery using electroactive polymers.
Heterodimetallic porphyin complexes.
New phases of metals in ultrastrong magnetic fields.
An evaluation of customer satisfaction of gas company services.
Delta Orlando resort focus group.
Security research project.
Clinical trial research design.


Operation and optimization of infrared array detectors for airborne astronomy.
Characterization of proteins that interact with CDPK.
Florida native turfgrass investigation.
Young investigator award.
Fulbright-Hays doctoral dissertation research abroad.
Expert system for predicting protein secondary structure.
Absorption and catalytic oxidation of sulfide and thioate substrates.
Temperature sensitive paints for cryogenic wind tunnels.
The features of self-assembling organic bilayers.
STTR phase II subcontract: A microwave plasma for multielement analysis.
UF laboratory for advanced applications of remote sensing and GIS.
Surface and ground water mixing and reactions in a Karst aquifer.
Partial support of the 1998 Sanibel symposium.
Research in finite group theory.
Task B: Research in theoretical and experimental elementary particle physics.
Task S: Research in theoretical and experimental elementary particle physics.
Investigation of metal C-60 interfaces and layered thin-film structures.

Nanoscale devices and novel engineered materials.
Task G CMS: Research on elementary particle physics.
Dispersion, agglomeration and consolidation.


119,707 Task A: Research in theoretical and experimental elementary particle physics.

4,015 Task C: Research in theoretical and experimental elementary particle physics.
103,286 Functional organization of peripheral gustatory system.


Foundation...$
Golant, S.
Malecki, E.
Channell, J.
Hodell, D.
Hodell, D.
West, R.


Other...$ 56,750
Bernard, H.
Wagener, K.
Caviedes, C.
Williams, P.


173,446
GEO
GEO
GLY
GLY
GLY
PSY


ANT
CHE
GEO
POL


RRF
UK Research
Texas A&M
Texas A&M
Texas A&M
RRF


Mult Sources
Misc Donors
Misc Donors
Misc Donors


42,149
9,887
31,489
53,950
5,987
29,984


17,600
35,000
3,150
1,000


The Casera project.
Digital communication technologies in the rural South: analysis of Tennessee.
Salary support: Ocean drilling project leg 177.
Participation on scientific cruise #177.
Participation on scientific cruise of the Joides resolution.
Student research and mentoring awards in adult development and aging.


Miscellaneous donors.
Miscellaneous donors.
Miscellaneous donors.
Miscellaneous donors.


-See Grants, page 11







-Parker, continued from page 1
opportunities for residents, black and white. Police districts
need to set up or enhance existing community policing
efforts. (While community policing programs have had
some impact upon the crime rate, research indicates that
such programs promote a more open, positive relationship
between law enforcement and the public, reducing citizens'
fear of crime.) Additionally, educational programs need
to be created or improved, "to revive the opportunity
for individuals to advance through education, not just
occupation."
It's also crucial to motivate the residents themselves,
Parker says, to proactively participate in revitalization
efforts through community activism and economic
investment. Grassroots organization and developing a sense
of community are vital elements in bringing about long-
term, positive change. "It's important that neighborhood
residents be given the opportunity to start their own local
businesses and purchase their own homes." Home or
business ownership, explains Parker, gives people sense
of pride and responsibility. It makes them more likely to
get involved in community organizations, to get to know
their neighbors and to enhance, develop and protect their
property.
Additionally, Parker insists we must strive for racial
harmony. "Something has to be contributing to the severity
of racial residential segregation in these cities," she says.
"The problem is an economic one to some degree, but also a
social one. Its existence certainly suggests a need to educate
people on a social level about increasing their acceptance
and understanding of racial diversity."
Of course, different variations and combinations of
such programs already exist in some US cites, and a few
have made noticeable impact. "We do see advancements,
and although the evidence is somewhat tentative, some
researchers have suggested that segregation in these areas
is on the decrease," Parker says. "I would love it if that
were the case." The real key, Parker feels, is consistently
providing as many of the improvements as is possible.
"Hopefully the result of all these efforts [when consciously
combined and implemented] will result in a decrease of the
homicide rate," she says.
"Studies on this subject have only gained attention in the
1990s," explains Parker. "The majority of studies in the past
have examined the total rates of violence-whites and blacks
together...so another of our conclusions is that this kind of
specific detailed analysis around racial groups and racial
dynamics needs to be expanded and continued. Blacks and
whites face different social and economic realities, and it's
important to look at these racial disparities and race-specific
problems and disadvantages in our efforts to understand
violence."

-Grants, continued from page10


Universities ...$155,219
Henretta, J. CGS
Bartlett, R. CHE
Colgate, S. CHE
Martinez, M. POL


Michigan
FAMU
NWU
Calgary


Oral History Workshop
conducted by Julian Pleasants, Director
of UF's Oral History Program

February 28, 1998 9:00 2:30 Reitz Union, Room 238

The workshop will focus on Oral History methodology:

preparing, conducting and taping interviews
transcribing and processing interviews
legal and ethical guidelines

The workshop is FREE to all UF Faculty, Staff and
Graduate Students!
Lunch provided Limited Seating
Call Roberta Peacock at 392-7168


-Lanza-Kaduce, continued from page 5
involved in further research to gather better data to make
sure that conclusion is the accurate one."
Just gathering more data isn't the whole answer, though.
"We also need to ask social and historical questions," Lanza-
Kaduce emphasizes, "like why is it that now is the time
that we're starting to have a different image of what it is to
be a juvenile? Prior to late 1890's, when the first juvenile
court system was developed in Chicago, kids were treated
as adults in criminal courts as soon as they hit the magic
age of seven. Then there was a child-saving movement
that over years that was fed by political and social leaders
that culminated in the move to a separate juvenile justice
system...so, why, in the 1990s are we are re-thinking that?
There are calls for doing in the juvenile just system entirely,
and different proposals are afoot about treating kids as
adults but giving them some sort of "youth discount" when
it comes to sentencing."
Lanza-Kaduce is also currently collaborating on research
into other facets of incarceration including conducting a
comparison of public and private prisons. He and Karen
Parker (UF Criminology) hope to learn what it is about the
private operations that contributes to lower recidivism.
"Generating a scientific body of knowledge," Lanza-Kaduce
emphasizes when referring to all of his work, "will allow
us to look at an issue and say, 'Wait, some of these claims
made by both camps don't seem to hold water. Let's take
a more reasoned look at what we ought to do.' No one's
saying there's not a problem; instead, it's about discovering
the nature of the problem. Unless we can uncover that, we
don't know how to design a reasonable response to it."


1,219 Asset and health dynamics among the oldest old.
136,000 Theoretical studies of energetic materials.
10,000 CVT for overhead rail cobot.
8,000 Distance education in US government and politics.





Musings, continued from page 1


to Gainesville has on our many
visitors, nearly all of whom we wish
to impress. What is the effect on
prospective faculty who begin their
visit with a late night bus trip? What
is the effect on visiting speakers?
What is the effect on officials looking
us over for grants, contracts, gifts, and
special new academic initiatives? Are
we sure they can prevent unpleasant
travel memories from influencing
their overall assessment of UF? Could
we?
And it is narrow minded to
consider only how this may affect
the university community directly.
Anything that reflects on Gainesville
overall plays a role in the very quality
of our life. If academics are unhappy
about the travel arrangements, how
much more must businesses- whose
very existence may be imperiled
by such service-worry about the
untoward impact. Then there are
the high quality professionals in a
multiplicity of areas that we want
and need in Gainesville. This affects
us all.
Are there solutions? An increasing
number of people are driving to
Jacksonville, Orlando, even Tampa
to catch flights. I don't really view
this as a solution, given the drive
required at each side of the trip, road
traffic uncertainties, airport parking,
etc. Besides, to the extent that more of
us do this, it creates a death spiral for
the prospect of securing better service
into the local airport. Less traffic
out of Gainesville does not bode
well for attracting first rate airlines.
I must admit, however, that for the
first time I am beginning to compare
travel schedules. My strong wish,
however, is to continue traveling out
of Gainesville. It is (or used to be) so
convenient.
But then, maybe I exaggerate
the problem. Maybe this is not the
best time to render judgments after
spending 20 hours today getting from
the west coast to home. [I repress
the thought that this may be the
only time to see the situation with
crystal clarity.] From the back of the
bus, the lights of Gainesville are just
coming into sight, and I feel better
already. But please, no more trips
for a while.

Will Harrison,
Dean
[harrison@chem.ufl.edu]


Note from the Chair

Ron Akers, director of the Center for Criminology and Law


riminology is the study of
criminal and delinquent
behavior, law, and the criminal
and juvenile justice systems. As
an academic field of study in the
United States it developed primarily
as a specialty within sociology, and the
Department of Sociology here has long
had a strong criminology component
within it. But criminology has always
had an interdisciplinary cast to it, and
in the past two decades, it has drawn
increasingly upon history,
psychology, political science, ,
economics, anthropology, law,
and other disciplines. n
At the Center for Crimino-logy C
and Law, our teaching mission is a
to offer a Bachelor of Arts degree ii
in Criminology. It is a limited
access program, and to be on
track for the major, the student n
must, by the beginning of the t
junior year, have completed 12
hours of social sciences with
a grade of B or better in each
course and have a cumulative
GPA of 2.8 or higher. With over 500
majors and minors (and an unknown
number of dual majors), it is the largest
interdisciplinary degree program in the
university and among the most heavily
enrolled majors in the College.
Our curriculum has a core of 13
semester hours of required courses
in theory, methods, criminal justice,
and criminal law/procedure. The
remainder of the 31 hours needed
to earn the degree can be taken in a
wide range of elective courses offered
in the Center and in approved social
science, law, religion, and other courses
(up to 12 hours) offered in various
departments. The main goal of a very
sizeable number of our graduates is
admission to law school or graduate
school and a law or academic career.
But many of our graduates, after
earning the bachelor's degree, begin
careers in law enforcement, corrections,
security, rehabilitation, counseling,
teaching and other fields in both the
public and private sector.
Our research mission is carried out
by Center faculty in both funded and


unfunded research projects, often in
collaboration with faculty in affiliated
departments. The range of that research
is illustrated in the activities of the
Center faculty reported in this issue of
CLAS notes. It includes research on the
privatization of corrections, the history
of drug policy, violence and homicide,
juvenile justice, private security,
intermediate sanctions, adolescent
and college drug and alcohol use,
community oriented policing, and

With over 500 majors and
ninors (and an unknown number
if dual majors), Criminology
nd Law is the largest
nterdisciplinary degree program
n the university and among the
nost heavily enrolled majors in
he College."




other theoretical and policy issues in
crime, law, and justice.
Notable trend in higher education is the
increased emphasis on interdisciplinary
research and education. The Center has
been one of the leaders in this trend
at UF, maintaining ties with several
departments through joint and affiliate
appointments, collaborative research,
and cross-listing of courses, and the
most exciting of the our future goals is
continuing to develop cross-disciplinary
relations and studies on crime and
law that serve students and produce
criminological knowledge.%


UNIVERSITY OF

SFLORIDA
CLAS notes is published monthly by
the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
to inform faculty and staff of current
research and events.


Dean:
Editor:
Graphics:


Will Harrison
Jane Gibson
Gracy Castine