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Title: CLAS notes the monthly news publication of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- College of Arts and Sciences
Publisher: College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Creation Date: January 1998
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Table of Contents
    Main
        Page 1
    Around the college
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
    In memory of
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Grants awarded through Division of Sponsored Research
        Page 10
        Page 11
    Note from the chair
        Page 12
Full Text

January 1998





CLASnotes


Vol. 12 The University of Florida College of Liberal Arts and Sciences


No. 1


Computers and Teaching

1998 will be an eventful year for
computers in CLAS. You have all
heard about the mandate that new
UF students, beginning July, 1998,
will be required to have computers.
This should properly be viewed as a
real opportunity for our students and
faculty, although not without certain
attendant problems. And the problems
are often easier to perceive than the
opportunities.
It is possible that the great computer
influx may not be such a change after
all, as most (no one knows exactly how
many) of our current students already
own or have access to a computer. These
students have grown up in a digital
environment with the full expectation
that computers are a constant tool.
Requiring them to have a computer is
like stating the obvious. So what's the
worry?
The major problem facing the students,
outside of cost, is to determine what
type of computer will be needed. In
this time of model-overload, constantly
updated features, and a confusing
range of choices, the selection of a
computer is not trivial. A few schools
have taken the approach of specifying
for their students exactly the brand,
model, and capabilities that should
be purchased. The University of
Florida is far too complex for such a
solution. Engineering students will
have considerably different computing
needs than students in Fine Arts or
Architecture. CLAS, with its built-in
diversity, confronts this problem even
within the college. And assuming that
colleges could agree on their particular
needs, no student operates solely within
a given college. This is best exemplified
by the fact that CLAS faculty teach
about 50% of the credit hours at


New Physics Building Opens
Innovative Design Provides 'Teaching Space With a Future'


W e knew this was a
once in a lifetime
opportunity," says Liz
Seiberling, physics professor and
building committee chair of the
new $32 million physics facility,
"so we put a lot of thought into
the design." Seiberling, a surface
physicist, seized the chance to
help shape her own future as a
scientist and teacher by getting
involved with the new Physics
Building from the very earliest
planning stages. "I've always
been interested in architecture,"
she explains, "so I participated in tl
design of the labs and teaching spaces.
Then, as the building progressed through
the planning and design phase to the
construction phase, I continued to take
responsibilities until finally I ended
up doing a lot of ordering of furniture
and equipment. It's been a five year
process."
Surprisingly, despite its 225,000 square
feet, the impressive new structure, located
on the corner of Museum Road and
North-South Drive, fits agreeably into
its environment. A small alteration of
the original plans (thanks, in part, to the
action of concerned students) allowed
for the preservation of two large oaks
in front of the building, and once the
remainder of the landscaping is finished,
these venerable trees will lend a look of
experience and
maturity to the
Snew facility.
The windows
that dominate
the front of
the building
accurately
portray the
sunny feeling
one gets inside,
especially in the
spacious lobby
Physics Building lobby. area (pictured


-See Musings, page 12


Front entrance of new Physics Building.

left) and on the third floor where
the departmental and office space is
located. The offices (nearly all of which
feature large windows) are organized
around a central outdoor courtyard,
that Seiberling hopes will be a focal
point. "We tried to incorporate all kinds
of interaction areas into the design,"
she explains, "so that people will be
able to have more informal meetings,
enhancing communication within the
department."
Until their recent move, the Physics
Department was scattered throughout
Williamson Hall, McCarty Hall and the
Nuclear Science Building. Professors had
to plan ahead to schedule meetings and
secure access to suitably sized conference
areas. Although Seiberling admits that
the new building "may at first appear
compartmentalized," she notes with
pride that, "if you look carefully, there
are many little spaces tucked away for
meetings and conferences, formal and
informal, a feature she feels "lends to the
spontaneity and ease with which we will
now be able to work cooperatively."
Also of note is the "lecture-demo" hall,
smaller than the typical lecture room,
which seats 100 people and is fully set
up for demonstrations. "It's very close
to being interactive where every seat can
-See New Building, page 8
This month's focus: Physics







Around the College


DEPARTMENTS

ENGLISH

On November 15, the History Channel included Jim
Haskins' forthcoming book, Black, Blue, and Gray: African
Americans in the Civil War on a list of three recommended
books at the end of its "Field Trip-The Civil War" program
for children. On November 22, he accepted the annual
Carter G. Woodson Award for nonfiction for the secondary
school audience, awarded to his book The Harlem Renais-
sance (Millbrook, 1996), at the National Council for the
Social Studies convention in Cincinnati, Ohio.

Greg Ulmer conducted a colloquium via videoconference
technology with a design class at the University of Media
and Design, in Helsinki, Finland, on November 6.

GEOGRAPHY

Peter Waylen was an invited speaker at the University of
Nottingham, England, where he presented a talk entitled
"El Nifo and its Social and Economic Impacts in Central
America." He was also an invited participant in a forum
and workshop held in Lima, Peru, sponsored by NOAA,
the Inter-American Institute and the Peruvian Ministry
of Fisheries, on "Is This the El Nifo of the Century?". He
co-chaired a session on the impacts of El Nifo on water
resources in western South America and is heading an
international collaboration attempting to forecast major
flooding that may result from El Nifo in northern Peru.

MATHEMATICS

Krishnaswami Alladi gave a one hour plenary lecture
entitled "Invariants Under Partition, Conjugation and
Q--series Identities" at the International Conference on
Number Theory and Applications, held at the Research
Institute of Mathematical Sciences in Kyoto, Japan, No-
vember 10-14.

Bernard Mair spoke at the IEEE 1997 Nuclear Science and
Medical Imaging Conference in Albuquerque (Nov. 8-16)
on results of research in reconstructing positron emission
tomography images. The title of his talk was "An Alternat-
ing Minimization Weighted Least Squares Reconstruction
Algorithm."

SOCIOLOGY

Jay Gubrium gave the keynote address at a conference
for health care professionals on "Care, Satisfaction, and
the Quality of Life" sponsored by the Sunnybrook Health
Science Center at the University of Toronto, Canada, De-
cember 5, 1997.


Aliens of Affection
(Henry Holt and
Company, Inc.)
by Padgett Powell
(English)


Padgett Powell reads
from his new book,
Aliens of Affection, during the
December installment of the "Writ-
ers at Florida" series sponsored by
Goerings Book Store.


Goerings Showcases UF Writers
For over seven years, Goerings Book Store on University
Avenue has been hosting the "Writers at Florida" series,
which features 12 readings a year by UF Creative Writing
faculty, graduate students and the occasional alumna/us.
The events are "hugely attended," says Goerings co-owner
Tom Rider, and they give grad students in creative writing
the opportunity to present their work publicly. Goerings also
hosts autographing parties for UF faculty who've recently
published books (their "Authors on Sundays" series), and
conducts benefits for UF groups like Graduate Assistants
United and The Center for Women's Studies and Gender
Research. In addition, Goerings encourages fledgling
writers from the Alachua County Schools with their "Young
Writers Series" cosponsored with the Gainesville Fine Arts
Association.


Radheindu Nair, 1HP, a student in Vasudha Narayanan's REL
3330 (Religions of India), dances as part of her project on the
importance of performing arts in the Hindu tradition.







Around The College


African Studies Quarterly
Goes Global

Michael Chege Reports on UF's African Studies Quarterly

Our last issue of African Studies Quarterly has been
receiving widespread international attention, and we
wanted to bring this to your notice. This is the only African
Studies journal in the US that is available exclusively on the
internet. At the last African Studies Association meeting
in Columbus, Ohio, the journal had a stand in which we
displayed the current issue on screen and demonstrated
to conference participants how to access it. The stand
was immensely popular and received an estimated 300
visitors.
Worth greater note is the fact that our latest issue (Fall
'97) on "Crisis in the Great Lakes" has drawn the attention
of the United Nations Department of Humanitarian
Affairs in Geneva, Switzerland. The issue contains
contributions by recognized experts (from UF, Africa and
other US campuses) on ways of resolving the conflicts
and humanitarian crises in Central Africa. We have just
been notified that the United Nations Department of
Humanitarian Affairs will post one of the key articles
in ReliefWeb. This is available to all the UN
personnel working on humanitarian relief
around the world and also to voluntary non-
governmental organizations like the Red
Cross, Action Aid, Save the Children, and
others. This will give our journal a lot of
international exposure.
ASQ is run by volunteers made up of
graduate students and our office staff and can
be accessed atwww.clas.ufl.edu/africa/
asq/.




African Studies Quarterly
The E[ect=nic JDurnal of the Center for African Studies


Williams Honored in Special Program

At the October conference of
the Florida Communication
Association, Don Williams,
Professor Emeritus (Com-
munication Processes and
Disorders), was honored in
a special session featuring
participation by five of his
former students and a former
colleague. Making presen-
tations were four students who
studied under Dr. Williams:
Tyrone Adams, Arkansas State University
at Monticello; Ringo Ma, State University of New York
at Fredonia; Tamara Bollis-Pecci, University of Denver;
Mittie Nimocks, University of Wisconsin at Platteville;
and Williams' former colleague, Lynne Webb, University
of Memphis. Kellie Roberts (UF Center for Written and
Oral Communication), also a former student of Williams,
chaired the program.
Discussing various dimensions of the professor's
responsibilities, each speaker cited criteria for excellence
in professorial teaching, research, and service and
then applied these standards developed in published
studies to Williams' professorial career. After Williams
responded to the tributes, he was presented with an
expanding book containing letters from former students
and colleagues, as well as a commemorative plaque from
his department. Plans are being made for the publication
of the presentations.
Williams came to UF from Cornell in 1959. In his
department, he served as founding director of the
Communication Studies Division. Although he retired
in 1995, Williams continues to be active in academe. Last
year, he served as visiting professor at The Linguistic
University in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia; this year, he
presented a research paper at an international conference
in Spain; and in 1998, he plans to present a paper at an
international conference in Hungary. Since 1976, Williams
has held teaching/ lecturing appointments in 16 countries
on six continents.%


CLAS TEACHING AND ADVISING AWARDS
The deadline to nominate a teacher or an advisor for the 1997/98 CLAS Teaching/Advising Awards is February 9,
1998. Nomination forms are available from Department Chairs, in 2014 Turlington Hall and 100 Academic Advising
Center, and in envelopes posted by elevators and entrances to CLAS buildings. Forms may be returned to:


2014 Turlington Hall
CLAS Teaching Advising Awards Committee
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611


Forms are also available at www.clas.ufl.edu
under "Dean's Office" link. For more information
please contact Ksenia Bobylak, CLAS Dean's Of-
fice, 392-2223.







A New Approach to Fusion
Monkhorst Working on Potential Fusion Breakthrough


Henk Monkhorst's latest
research, published in a recent
Science article, seems almost too
good to be true. Monkhorst and Norman
Rostoker (UC-Irvine), have theorized a
fusion reactor that could efficiently
provide electricity at a fraction of current
costs. The fuels for his reactor are
abundant, cheap and environmentally
benign: hydrogen and boron-11.
Hydrogen is easily attainable
(using electrolysis) from
ocean water, and boron
deposits are plentiful (for
example: 140 million tons
in California, 500 million
in Turkey). A 100 mega-
watt power plant (10-15
of which would equal the
total power generated by
GRU) would burn only
200 grams of boron a day,
as opposed to the over
700 tons of coal needed to
power a similarly sized
coal-burning plant. Better
yet, the reactor emits no
radiation; in fact, it has
no adverse by-products at
all. In addition, because
the reactor is safe and clean, it
would be possible to build small
"neighborhood" power plants
right in the area where the power is to
be consumed, eliminating wasteful long
distance electricity transport.
But as exciting as this news sounds,
Monkhorst is the first to quell potential
hype. "We still have a long way to go,"
he maintains. "Nothing is certain yet.
It is a design that has been very well
thought out, but we see a lot of things
that have to be fine tuned, and we
cannot do that until we conduct further
experiments and make more refined
calculations."
Monkhorst has been pursuing ideas of
fusion for over a decade. After working
on several disappointing possibilities,
he remained determined to continue:
"I couldn't let go of the idea because
it fascinated me as a challenge, and
if it were to be successful, the positive
ramifications would be incredible."
In the summer of 1994, Monkhorst
contacted his future partner, Norman


Rostoker, at UC-Irvine. While Monkhorst
had worked on fusion ideas that centered
around particle beam technology,
Rostoker had largely focused on ideas
using plasma physics. They batted
theories back and forth, and Rostoker sent
Monkhorst a paper and a patent he had on
one idea. Monkhorst says, "As I studied it
[Rostoker's idea], it occurred to me that by
using his particular plasma configuration


Monkhorst describes the process offusion
which should occur in the central chamber of
his new reactor.

and injecting beams in
it, with velocity of the hydrogen and the
boron-11 [non radioactive fuel] such that
it maximizes the fusion rate, we could
have the benefits of non-radioactive fuel,
the benefits of this particular magnetic
field configuration, and so on."
He sent Rostoker some notes, and
although the California scientist didn't
fully understand what Monkhorst was
proposing, he did invite his new-found
UF colleague to attend a Washington
DC conference on alternative fusions,
where they finally met face to face.
Between presentations, Rostoker found
Monkhorst in the audience and sat down
to talk. Monkhorst began "making
scribbles" of his theory on a Washington
Post. "He [Rostoker] stared at it, and
he stared at it," Monkhorst remembers,
"and then he became very quiet, and I
said to myself: 'I got you.' He got the
idea. That was the first seed."


By the end of the year, the two
scientists were invested enough in the
idea to realize they needed to apply
for a patent. "Since then, we have
been studying, writing grant reports
and papers, and giving talks," says
Monkhorst, "and now, because our
Science article was accepted and very
carefully critiqued and reviewed, the
whole world knows about it."
The reactor works by combining
plasma, particle beams
and magnetic fields. In
the central portion of the
rotating, cylindrically-
shaped plasma (created with
particle beams injected into
the central chamber), ions
of hydrogen and boron-11
are brought to collision at a
specific velocity to maximize
fusion. Because the current
in the reactor is so intense,
the magnetic fields actually
wrap around the rotating
plasma, creating a sort of
self-confinement situation
where the particles are
forced towards the interior.
Since there is less leakage
and much better confinement
of the particles than Monkhorst
originally thought, the reactor
may be able to work at much higher
densities than initially predicted. That,
in turn, will allow them to make a much
more compact reactor. There are other
physical advantages with this system;
in particular, the plasma is very stable
and doesn't break very easily under
the influence of disturbances that
Monkhorst says "always happen when
you have a thermal system."
"You have to understand," says
Monkhorst, "that everything in this
business, if you let it sit there long
enough, decays. Like your life and
my life-we are decaying. If we do
not constantly feed our systems with
energy, we die. There is this tendency
in nature to increase entropy, to increase
chaos. This is at work in a plasma as
well. The name of the game in plasma
fusion physics is that you try to arrange
for conditions where fusion takes place
before the diffusion into chaotic motion


-See Fusion, page 7






High Energy Physicist Collaborates Internationally

An Interview with Guenakh Mitselmakher
Born in Lithuania, Guenakh Mitselmakher worked as a -r Scientist in Dubna (the major nuclear and high energy physics center in
Russia and one of the largest nuclear physics centers in the world)for 20 years. After Gorbachev's election made travel to the west possible,
Mitselmakher became involved in several high profile international projects at top facilities including CERN, the Supercollider Lab in Dallas
and Fermilab in Chicago (the most important high energy physics lab in the US) before accepting a position at UF in 1995.


Cn: You are presently working on three iiff i.. ati 11,1 .i international
projects. Tell us about them.

GM: The first project, which concerns the Large Hadron
Collider (LHC) facility, will be located at CERN (European
Center For Nuclear Research) in Geneva. The LHC there will
be the world's most powerful accelerator in the year 2005. It
will allow us to accelerate particles to their highest possible
energy and then to collide them, creating new particles. This
experiment may reveal some of the yet unknown fundamental
building blocks of matter in the universe.

Cn: What role does UF play in the experiment?

GM: The machine itself is being built by the world scientific
community. The US (DOE and NSF) is contributing about
$530 million to the project. Over 500 US physicists from
many universities and national labs will be participating in
experiments with this project. UF is playing a leading role,
though. We are designing one of the critical components of a
major experiment, the CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid). This
critical component is called Endcap Muon System, which is
a $35 million project in itself. Its design and construction are
being managed entirely by UF physicists. We expect that with
our wonderful new lab in the new physics building, we will
be able to do a lot of work related to this project.

Cn: What about your work with CDF?

GM: In preparation for experiments at LHC which will start
in 2005, we are participating in experiments at today's most
powerful facility at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
in Chicago. Our experiment is called CDF (Collider Detector
Facility). CDF is not a new experiment-it's actually already
facilitated very major discoveries, including the recent
discovery of the last quark. We think that all particle nuclei
consist of quarks. The theory predicts that six quarks should
exist, but we'd only found five before. CDF discovered the
last one, called "topquark", with this experiment 2 years ago.
By the way, one of the members of our group, Dr. Kongisberg
(now an assistant research scientist at UF), was at Harvard at
that time and was involved in this discovery.

Cn: You are also testing Einstein's Theory ofR.. litiiit, right?

GM: Yes, the search for gravitational waves in the universe.
This search is being done by a large collaboration of
scientists from Cal Tech, MIT and other institutes including
UF The experiment is called LIGO, which stands for Laser
Interferometer Gravitational Observatory. This is the largest
project ever undertaken by NSF-over $300 million. The
UF group (David Tanner, David Reitze, Bernard Whiting,
and Robert Coldwell) is designing and building a piece of


Mitselmakher in his new, two-story lab. He says the
spacious facility demonstrates UF's commitment to
develop a high energy physics group that is "strong by
the most stringent international standards."


this apparatus. UF is responsible for building a piece of the
experiment called input optics (a piece of the interferometer).
We expect that we will start experimenting with this new
equipment during the year 2000, which will allow us to test the
major predictions of Einstein's theory of general relativity-the
existence of gravitational waves, which have never actually been
detected. Strong (detectable) gravitational waves, according to
general relativity, should be emitted by stars when they undergo
a major cataclysmic transformation. When so called 'binary
stars,' which consist of two stars, collapse, we expect to be able
to measure these waves.

Cn: So do you wait around and hope to catch a system in mid-
collapse?

GM: We have to wait. We know binary stars exist because
pulsars are a type of binary system. We also know they
should collapse from time to time because two stars make for
an unstable system-they rotate closer and closer until they
collapse. We can estimate with some precision how many
of them should collapse-several tens per year. In principal,
these binary collapses should be detected by this experiment.
Of course, that's if the prediction of the theory is correct, and if
our understanding of binary stars is correct, and if we design
the experiment correctly.

There's always a risk, and there's never a guarantee. With any
major scientific discovery, you see that there is an element of
the unexpected. We designed this experiment with certain


-See Mitselmahker, page 7







SURFACE PHYSICIST EXPLORES 'UNCHARTED TERRITORY'

An Up Close Look at the Research of Liz Seiberling


L iz Seiberling is a
trailblazer. As the
first female fac-
ulty member hired by
the UF Department of
Physics ten years ago, she
broke gender barriers. As
the building committee
chair of the new Physics
Building, she helped
shaped the future of her
department. As a surface
physicist, she probes the
unknown microscopic
make up of matter. "I
have no idea what I'm
going to find when I
look at a new material,"
explains Seiberling. "It's Seiberlin
what the pioneers must
have felt when they first
set foot on new land. There's just no way
of knowing what you are going to see...
it's all uncharted territory."
Surface physicists like Seiberling
examine atoms on a clean well-ordered
surface, in order to study the behavior
and properties of these tiny particles. For
years, Seiberling used an accelerator to
examine atoms through a process called
"ion scattering," and with her expertise
in this technique, she developed a way
to very sensitively measure the position
of atoms on the surface.
More recently, though, Seiberling
has been using an instrument called a
Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM), a
fairly new invention (only about 12 years
old). The STM is basically a sharp tip
that comes right down near the surface
and moves along it, going up and down
depending on whether it comes close to
an atom or not. In other words, it traces
the atoms-or actually, the electronic
structure of the atoms. "With the STM
we can look at where atoms sit on a
surface, and we can explore whether or
not we can influence where they sit,"
says Seiberling. "Maybe we heat the
surface or maybe we shine a laser on the
surface-we can even develop enough
skills to actually move atoms around
with the tip of the STM. People have
done this for a few years. It's a newly
developing field." The picture of the


rg in her old Nuclear Science Building office.

little man (lower right) is an example of
a manipulation of individual molecules,
and scientists are actually doing this
same kind of thing with atoms now.
"Under certain conditions it's pretty
easy to pick atoms up and move them
around," says Seiberling. "It's really
astounding to think [when looking
at atomic versions of pictures like the
molecule man] that those are individual
atoms that someone has just reached
down and moved."
But Seiberling isn't content with just
moving atoms. "I'm more interested in
trying to form molecules or react atoms,"
she explains. "What we might do is pull
an atom over here and then add another
next to it.. Then the question is, are
they now a molecule, or are they just
two atoms sitting next to each other?"
The STM can help answer this question
because it can 'see' the electron cloud
which indicates whether the atoms have
formed a molecule or not. "Another
thing we might do is put several atoms
next to each other," Seiberling continues,
"and see if we can build a molecule that
would normally not occur in nature."
When asked about the potential
applications of her work, Seiberling
is cautious: "I think the realm of
application is a ways off, as it always
is in basic research. More interesting in
the immediate future is testing theories
of why or whether certain metastable
systems exist or why certain molecular


forms don't exist. Sometimes such
forms are theoretically predicted, but
chemists can't find them. So, if we go
down and build one, can it exist? Its
it metastable? If I heat it, is it going to
spring into some other state?"
Scanning surfaces on such a minute
scale can be tedious-Seiberling says "it's
like looking through the desert with a
fine-toothed comb"-but unexpected
discoveries make the detailed work
worthwhile. "I usually-and this is
what I advise my students to do-go
into an experiment telling myself,
'Well, it's either going to be A or B,
and almost invariably it's C. Nature is
unpredictable."
Recently, an undergraduate in her lab
made a very interesting find. He noticed
a strange alteration in a previously
mysterious interference pattern on the
surface. (Certain atoms have unusual
clustering effects, which can be examined
with STM. This interference pattern
didn't correspond with what the group
already knew about the clustering effect
of the carbon they were examining. Such
interference patterns have been observed
before but never fully understood.) After
careful study, Seiberling thinks the student
found a tear in the surface, which slightly
rotated overlapping layers of carbon
atoms just enough to produce a "moir6
pattern" (an optical effect that occurs
-See Seiberling, page 7


"Molecule Man" created by using the same
technique Seiberling uses to move atoms.







Fusion (continued from page 4)
has occurred.
What we have found is that we can arrange for these conditions, and
that the time it takes for each ion to undergo fusion is short compared
to the time it takes for the particles to scatter out of the system. Jusl
like you and I are constantly avoiding decay and constantly building
up and preserving our bodies by eating.....there's this kind of self-
preservation at work in this reactor as well. The magnetic fields thai
are created through the rotation of this plasma are keeping these ions
in place long enough for fusion to occur before they can escape. Ir
fusion physics you try to beat the game of decay."
Theoretically, once the system is functioning, a reaction occurs ir
the reactor's central chamber, where the "soup" of plasma is contained
by magnetic fields. This reaction produces helium with a high enough
velocity to break out of the magnetically confined central chamber
These helium particles are channeled into two reverse cyclotrons al
either end of the central chamber that change the helium's kinetic
energy directly into electricity, without boiling water, making stearr
or driving generator turbines. The process is much more efficient
because there is less heat rejection and no turning parts. Additionally
"all particulates, pollution, dust and crud and green house gases arn
eliminated," says Monkhorst.
The $70 million project (all privately funded) could see commercial
application in ten years. A three-year feasibility study to examine
"proof of principle" needs to be conducted first (all the calculations
will be done here at UF, and the experiments will be done at UC-
Irvine). If things look as good as Monkhorst hopes, the next step wil
be the involvement of the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory
(NHMFL) in Tallahassee, including both the design of the magnets and
the design of-and experiments with-the direct energy converter (the
reverse cyclotrons). If this hurdle is cleared, they will begin building
a prototype in Tallahassee, another 3-4 year process. "If things look
good then," says Monkhorst, "there well be an overlapping period
into commercialization."
But Monkhorst remains cautious. "We know the basic physic,
elements," he reiterates, "they are well understood, everyone agrees
to that. How they all fit together is the main challenge. That's whale
the feasibility study is all about. Building up the plasma and keeping
it in place long enough to produce a fusion reaction...it becomes ar
engineering challenge. Out of the detailed calculations will come the
answers of what the parameters are for fine tuning the reactor, and
if we can we really maintain those. We will know within three year,
whether this indeed will be 'go' in a truly big global way or whether
it will die."


Seiberling (continued from page 6)
when two repetitive patterns are superimposed on each other and
then rotated). On a larger scale, anyone noticing the strange geometric
effects caused by viewing two overlapping screen porches, has seer
a moir6 pattern. "We think the interference pattern is indeed a moire
pattern," she says. "Right now, we're doing a computer simulation
to mock this up so we can twist the layers on the computer to see ii
we can reproduce this same moir6 effect."
Hai-Ping Cheng, another female physics professor who joined
the UF faculty in 1994, is a theorist and expert on clusters. "We've
written a proposal together," Seiberling explains. "We're hoping thai
sometime soon we will be able to collaborate. I can do the experiments


itself a kh er (continued from page 5)
Mitselmakher
expectations, but still we don't know exactly what
Sit will discover.
I Cn: Ifyou find gravitational waves, what will this mean?
t
SGM: Certainly it will give us a new instrument to
probe the universe right away-it will immediately
t become a new method of seeing cataclysmic events
in the universe. If you want to ask me if it leads us
further, I would say "I don't know." I would think it
would, but it's a little bit too far away to predict. I'm
unable to see that far.

Cn: Is it difficult to stay motivated and focused on a project
when you don't have any idea what (ifanything) your work
t might lead to?

SGM: For the physicist who has already run successful
t experiments, it's not hard. He knows that his work
will eventually get results.
In my field, which studies the most fundamental
properties of the building blocks of matter, experiments
are very complicated and expensive. Because of that,
a they are conducted by huge collaborations of scientists-
s tens or even hundreds of physicists, sometimes from
many countries. There is always a danger of getting
l lost in these collaborations. I was lucky enough to be
in leading positions in some of these experiments, so
I that I was able to influence significantly the way these
e experiments were done.
For young physicists who have to spend many
years in preparation for one experiment, it can be very
difficult. There are practical considerations. They
have to develop successful careers, so they must have
results, and the sooner the better. There is definitely a
sociological component to this type of physics.

Cn: Tell us about your new facility in the recently opened
building.

GM: UF has made large commitment to high energy
physics. From hiring new faculty: myself, Andrey
Korytov, Jacobo Konigsberg and Darin Acosta, to
Providing this large, well-equipped lab. No one
university has undertaken an effort of this magnitude
in recent years. It's wonderful.%


and she can do the theory." Has Seiberling ever
felt uncomfortable being one of few women in her
field? I didn't really think about it a whole lot," she
says of her early days as a grad student and young
physicist. I always felt I fit in pretty well. But I think
S as I've gotten older, I've become aware that my way
of thinking of things is different, and that there is a
benefit to having a woman's perspective."






In Memory of


Russell S. Drn

1928-1997

On the 5th of December, 1997, the University of Florida
lost one of its most distinguished research scientists and
teachers when graduate research professor of chemistry,
Russell S. Drago suffered a fatal heart attack. He was
leading a national conference of industrial and academic
chemists on environmental chemistry at Palm Coast,
Florida, at the time. He was 69.
An internationally known expert in the field of inor-
ganic chemistry, Professor Drago was a leader in the study
of catalysis of chemical processes and in the understand-
ing of the theoretical basis for acid-base phenomena.
Professor Drago was born in Montague, Massachusetts
in 1928. After receiving his BS degree from the University
of Massachusetts, he completed his PhD in chemistry at
Ohio State University with Professor Harry Sisler. He
then joined the Chemistry faculty at the University of Il-
linois in 1955.
He was appointed to the Department of Chemistry fac-
ulty of the University of Florida in 1982 and was shortly
thereafter promoted to the rank of graduate research
professor of Chemistry, a position that he held at the time
of his death.
Aside from the scientific impact of his research, Profes-
sor Drago was widely recognized for his unusual success
in combining superb scientific research with the training
of graduate students to become productive chemists in
their own right. During his tenure at Illinois and Flor-
ida, he directed the doctoral dissertations of more than
one hundred twenty chemists who now hold positions
throughout the United States and the world of higher
education or industry. At the time of his death, he was di-
recting the doctoral research of twelve graduate students.
The relationship of Professor Drago with his graduate
students was often characterized by those who knew him
best as that of an extended family, albeit one in which
professional principles were firmly observed.


During his profes-
sional career, Profes-
sor Drago received
many honors and
citations. Among
these is the American
Chemical Society
Award in Inorganic
Chemistry in 1969.
He authored or
coauthored more
than four hundred
scientific research
papers and over
a dozen books,
including "Physical
Methods in Chemis- Russ Drago, Graduate Research Pro-
try" and "Applications fessor of Chemistry
of Electrostatic-Covalent
Models in Chemistry."
He was an invited lec-
turer at Gordon Conferences,
American Chemical Society lecture tours, international
conferences on coordination chemistry, industrial confer-
ences, and numerous universities.
He initiated the annual Florida Catalysis Conferences
in 1984 and later developed similar annual conferences on
advanced materials and environmental chemistry.
Survivors include his wife, Ruth Ann Drago of Gaines-
ville; three sons, Steve and Paul Drago, both of Gaines-
ville, and Robert Drago of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;
a daughter, Patti Kouba of Chicago, Illinois; his mother,
Lilia Drago of Gainesville; a brother, Ronald Drago of
Raleigh, North Carolina; a sister, Geri Haynes of Ventura,
California; and four grandchildren.
Provided by Dr. David Richardson, Chair of Inorganic Division,
Department of Chemistry.


New Building (continued from front page)


be connected on-line," Seiberling says. "This is why I think
this building has endless possibilities that we don't even
realize yet-it's teaching space with a future!"
Another innovative addition to the building is the
"project module," made up of four small (about 200
square feet) labs for student research. "The idea," says
Seiberling, "is that a senior physics major can go in and set
up a project and do a senior thesis on it." Participants can
spend the whole semester in their own labs, without the
traditional nuisance of constantly having to break down
and reassemble experiments to make room for the work of
others. Each of the four project labs in the module will be
used for different types of experiments-one might have a



laser, one a vacuum system, etc.
The many tangible benefits of the new building are
obvious, including great publicity for the department
on the national level and the additional space and better
equipment necessary to enhance research efforts. But
perhaps the most exciting benefit is a more personal one: the
huge surge of excitement among faculty and staff. Seiberling
agrees. "I overheard one professor say, 'Wow, we're a real
physics department now,'" she laughs, "so I think the new
building has given us the sense that we're worth it and that
the program will be good."






Earthquakes In Florida?

"Not likely," say professors from the Department of Geology
by Anthony Randazzo (Geology) and Douglas Smith (Geology)


F lorida is one of the few
low-risk areas for
earthquakes in the
coterminous United States. .
The Florida Platform is '
characterized by a unique
seismological stability
that has yielded very few
confirmable earthquakes.
Although many historical
events have been reported as
earthquakes in Florida, and
some descriptions conclu-
sively suggest actual earth-
quakes, no damaging events
are known to have occurred
within the state. Although
earthquakes can occur at
anytime, the geological
and tectonic stability of the
Florida Plateau suggests
a very low likelihood of a
major earthquake for the
state. Earthquakes are the
result of stress accumulation
and slippage along faults.
There is no evidence of unusual
tectonic forces affecting Florida and
considerable controversy about
evidence interpreted as indicative
of faults. Studies of the basement
structure of Florida indicate that
the region was faulted during the
breakup of the ancient supercontinent
Pangaea, some 200 million years
ago. Traces of faults have
been mapped on the land
surface, but these are minor
and there is no evidence of
stress accumulation or slippage
among them at present.
Some two dozen "tremors"
had been recorded in Florida His
as of 1997. The epicenters of The
most of these are located out of om
of th
state. The great earthquake on M
August 31, 1886 at Charleston,
South Carolina, was felt as far
south as Tampa. The vibration
caused church bells to ring in
St. Augustine. Many early
reports of earthquakes in
Florida originated in the region
of the St. John's River. It is
difficult to determine if those reports


Tony Randazzo examines the seisometer lo-
cated in the basement of Turlington Hall.

reflected active
earthquakes or fearful responses to
other natural phenomena such as
atmospheric storms. It is equally
difficult to distinguish among the
reports of effects of events occurring in
Florida and those occurring northward
along the Georgia or South Carolina
coast. What is known is that one of


^ ?
1975
1879
toric seismic events in Florida. VI73
year of each event is provided. IV
in numerals represent intensity
re earthquake on the Modified
ercalli Intensity Scale of 1931 \
(see page 11).

F 50 i eoo Mi
0 50 tOKkFltie


Figure 1


p the original concentrations of
European settlers with recorded
histories was in the St. Augustine
I area, and so a disproportionate
number of reported "events"
may be expected there.
SRegardless, the St. John's River
area does not have a distinctive
Geological subsurface condu-
S cive to earthquakes.
Only five events in Florida
have been identified between
1879 and 1997 that have been
accepted as possible earthquakes
(Figure 1). Although the 1973
and the 1975 events were each
felt throughout a large local
area, they were recorded only by
seismograph stations outside of
the state. Consequently, a single
component seismograph station
was installed in Turlington Hall
in 1977, and no reportable events
in Florida have been recorded
since that time. Recordings are
occasionally made, however, of
micro-earthquakes (very small
tremors not felt by humans) in Florida
and larger quarry blasts. Beginning in
1989, the University of Florida station
was upgraded with three-dimensional
short-period and long-period digital
instruments, and remote stations
were installed in the Everglades,
Sarasota County, Wakulla Springs, and
Waycross, Georgia. The Florida
Power and Light Corporation
initially supported this seismic
network because of its interest
in the design-construction of
nuclear power plants and such
plants' resistance to earthquake
stresses [regulations specify the
max-imum allowable seismic
activity in proposed nuclear plant
locations].
The intensities of the earthquakes
in Florida are defined by the
Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale
(Table 1-page 11). The worst
tremor reported in Florida had
a Mercalli Intensity rating of VI,
which means that many of the
inhabitants noticed the event, but







Grant Awards through Division of Sponsored Research


November 1997 Total $1,834,243


Investigator Dept.


Corporate...$ 29,550
Katritzky, A. CHE
Katritzky, A. CHE


Federal...$ 1,484,687


AST
AST
AST
AST
BOT
CHE
CHE
CHE
CHE
CHE
CHE
CHE
CHE
CHE

CHE
CHE
GLY
GLY
PHY


Dermott, S.
Elston, R.
Osip, D.
Telesco, C.
Judd, W.
Boncella, J.
Enholm, E.
Stewart, J.
Talham, D.
Winefordner, J.
Bartlett, R.
Reynolds, J.
Reynolds, J.
Benner, S.
Micha, D.
Ohrn, Y.
Micha, D.
McClellan, G.
Opdyke, N.
Hooper, C.
loons.
Trickey, S.
Kepner, J.
Krause, J.


Other...$ 12,032
Logan, K.
guage.
Hollinger, R.
Shuster, J.


State...$ 20,000
Randazzo, A.


Universities ...$287,974
Norr, L. ANT
Reynolds, J. CHE
Olson, T. MAT
Tanner, D. PHY
Sullivan, N. PHY
Sullivan, N.
Sabin, J. PHY
Shuster, J. STA


Agency


Am Cyanamid 1,950
Mult Comp 27,600


NASA
NASA
NASA
NASA
NSF
NSF
NSF
NSF
NSF
NSF
US Air Force
US Air Force
US Air Force
US Navy

US Navy
US Navy
DOT
NSF
DOE


PHY US Army
QTP US Navy



CPD ASLHA

SOC Mult Sources
STA Mult Sources



GLY Water Mgmt


East Carolina
Ohio State


19,997
46,935
13,463
130,105
63,616
80,000
114,000
77,000
95,000
20,535
112,500
100,000
90,000
84,000

50,400
69,600
202,541
20,765
89,230


Award


Title


American Cynamid compounds agreement.
Miles compound contract.


Calibration and astrophysics with the Infrared Space Observatory.
Calibration and astrophysics with the Infrared Space Observatory.
Calibration and astrophysics with the Infrared Space Observatory.
Calibration and astrophysics with the Infrared Space Observatory.
Generic flora of the Southeastern United States (Phase III).
Early transition metal complexes.
New methods in free radical chemistry.
Engineering baker's yeast to perform enantioselective oxidations.
Inorganic monolayers formed at organic templates.
Advanced measurements & characterization.
Metastable molecules in the ground and in excited states.
Electronic property control through redox behavior of polymers.
Multi-color electrochromic polymer coatings.
Replicatable functionalized biopolymers.

Molecular spectra and dynamics at interfaces.
Molecular spectra and dynamics at interfaces.
Research and techno-economic evaluation: uses of limestone.
A paleomagnetic study of the DWYKA system of South Africa.
Timeresolved x-ray spectroscopy of imploded gas filled microbal-


60,000 Theoretical numerical prediction of stopping properties.
5,000 Proposal to US Naval Research for partial support of symposium.



5,000 The influence of triadic conversational context on speech and lan-

1,032 Security research project.
6,000 Database system development.


20,000



12,793
85,596


Johns Hopkins 60,554
Ohio State 24,404
Stanford 8,335


Assessment of harm to natural systems.



Coastal estuarine biocultural adaptation.
Active camouflage polymer coatings.
University-Industry cooperative research programs in math sciences.
Active camouflage polymer coatings.
Service contract.


11,408 Service contract.
24,884 Molecular markers of prognosis in medulloblastoma.


Stanford
Duke










Procreative Man (New York University Press)
by William Marsiglio (Sociology)
(review taken from book jacket)


In what ways do men think about
and express themselves as
procreative beings? Under what
circumstances do they develop
paternal identities? What is their
involvement with partners during the
pregnancy and delivery process, and
how do they feel about it?
In Procreative Man, William Marsiglio
addresses these and other timely
questions with an eye toward the past,
present, and future. Drawing upon
writings ranging from sociology to
biomedicine, Marsiglio develops a
novel framework for exploring men's
multifaceted and gendered experiences
as procreative beings. Addressing
such issues as how men feel about
their limited role in the abortion
decision and process, how important
genetic ties are for men who want
to be fathers, and men's reactions to


infertility, Marsiglio shows how men's
roles in creating and fathering human
life are embedded within a rapidly
changing cultural and sociopolitical
environment.


(Excerpt) Young men need to
develop a better sense of how their
masculine and partner role identi-
ties are related to their sexual and
procreative feelings. If responsi-
bility is defined broadly, without
moral overtones concerning pre-
marital sex, young men may learn
that careless sexual behavior and
disrespectful treatment of their
female partners are unattractive
behaviors. This process is likely to
be enhanced if young men can be
persuaded to redefine masculinity
in terms ofadulthood status rather
than the rejection offemininity and


homosexuality, as is currently the
case. Campaigns to revise young
men's perceptions of masculinity to
include notions ofadulthood respon-
sibility may, in the process, funda-
mentally alter the way young men
think about and express themselves
as procreative beings.


Earthquake (continued from page 9)


little damage was sustained. Most
earthquake reports can be attributed
to blasting, military activities, and
other non-seismic phenomena.
Seismicity maps for the United











mo.i rocked aly ass a




intne5 ffalnpatrordmgd5i
nes.5 Daaeslgt


States and the southeastern United States
demonstrate a seismic quiescence for
Florida and suggest an abrupt decrease
of seismicity south of a proposed suture
zone linking Appalachian basement
crust (northern hemisphere)
with a more stable Gondwana
(southern hemisphere) basement.
The geographic location of the
epicenters of only three (1935,
1973, 1975) of the five events in
Figure 1 have been documented.
The 1945 event has credible
newspaper documentation, but
a poor epicenter determination.
It coincided with a recording at
a seismic station in Alabama,
S but no clear association could be
S established.
Early newspaper accounts of the
1879 event suggest its authenticity,
but an exact epicenter cannot be
identified, and the event could
have originated within a wide


area in northern peninsular Florida or
southern Georgia.
The University-based seismograph
has recorded hundreds of earthquakes
from various parts of the world, most
commonly the Caribbean area. Unfortu-
nately, it was malfunctioning during
the
recent (October '97) earthquake in
Alabama and failed to record it.
As the population of Florida
continues to grow, an increased need
for construction standards, insurance
assessments, and seismic hazard
analyses for nuclear power plants will
evolve. Continued monitoring and
documentation of the seismic activity
of the Florida Plateau, however small,
is essential to the development of the
long term seismic characterization of
the state.%





Musings continued from page 1


UF, so that whatever computer
standard we set immediately has a
direct influence on most students'
computer needs.
Then there is the Mac vs. PC
battle. Some would say (not this
writer, of course) that the war is
essentially over except for cleaning
up the last of the rear guard Mac
troops. However, guerrilla action
in the academic hills will continue
for some time by Mac resistance
fighters. The CLAS computer
policy attempts to recognize this
by strongly recommending the PC
for our students, but permits any
computer system that will do what
needs to be done. And there's the
rub.
What will our faculty want
students to do with their newly
purchased computers? In CLAS
that answer is as broad as the
disciplinary cultures, ranging from
only e-mail to complex graphics and
number-crunching. And what about
faculty computer capability and
individual expertise? Again, across
the board variation. We have been
upgrading and replacing faculty
computers as fast as resources allow
for our almost 600 faculty. Our
goal is to replace 150-200 per year
on a rolling basis with combined
department, college, grant, and
private sources.
Some faculty worry that the new
UF computer policy will pressure
them to change their teaching
methods, but that is not the intent of
this office. Our job is to help faculty
make better use of computing
in teaching and research and to
provide the needed hardware,
software, and assistance for them to
succeed, whatever level that may be
individually. I predict that we will
have to run awfully hard to keep
up with the CLAS faculty in this
regard. In any case, it will be an
interesting year.


Will Harrison,
Dean

[harrison@chem.ufl.edu]


Note from the Chair

Neil Sullivan, chair of the Department of Physics


hysics, is viewed as the most
fundamental and far-reaching of
the natural sciences, seeks to
determine and explain quantitatively
the elementary forces of nature and the
properties of matter in their simplest
terms. The overriding theme of the
discipline is to seek unifying concepts
and principles which can describe all
observed properties ranging from the
most elementary constituents of matter,
to the behavior of common and exotic
materials, to determining the origin
and structure of the universe. At the
university level it is the department's
mission to expand our understanding of
physics and to bring this knowledge to
students at all levels and to society.
Physicists at the University of
Florida are playing leading roles in
research and education at some of
the most challenging and exciting
frontiers of contemporary science. High
energy experimentalists are leading an
international team to develop systems
to detect new elementary particles
at the highest man-made energies
at CERN in Geneva. High energy
theorists are leaders in developing
fundamental unifying principles to
describe elementary particles. UF
laser physicists are developing the
optics for the LIGO project to detect
gravitational waves from outer space,
and another team is searching for
axions, which are promising candidates
for the mysterious "dark matter" that
constitutes 90% of the mass in the
universe. Condensed matter physicists
associated with the National High
Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL)
are exploring the properties of new
forms of matter at the extremes of
temperature, magnetic field and
physical size. The "High B/T" NHMFL
annex of the Microkelvin Laboratory
provides the most advanced facilities
for studies at high magnetic fields and
low temperatures (simultaneously) by
users from all over the would. The
Quantum Theory Project dedicated to
high power computational problems in
molecular properties, nanoclusters, and
chemical physics is one of only a few of
its kind in the world.
Physics research involves both
large interdisciplinary teams and
small groups centered around a single
professor. All groups include students


at several levels, from high school to
undergraduate, graduate and post-
doctoral. Teamwork is critical.
The importance of physics in
everyday life cannot be underestimated.
Nuclear magnetic resonance, lasers, and
solid state transistors were all originally
"pure" physics experiments set up
to test fundamental ideas, with no
preconceptions about future applications
and engineering. Ultimately, they have
had tremendous impact on improving
our way of life. Some of today's
experiments testing quantum mechanics
will lead to tomorrow's breakthrough
technologies, and only the most
foolhardy would predict which ones.
Because of the impact of physics on all
science and technologies, a thorough
grounding in the subject is essential for
students entering professional schools
(engineering, medicine, veterinary
and health sciences, architecture, and
aerospace sciences). The department
taught approximately 9,500 students
in 1996/97, and this number is
expected to exceed 10,000 in 1997/98.
Approximately 60% of all students
who graduate at UF take a course in
physics.
The new Physics Building has been
a crucial factor in developing our
new frontier research and educational
programs. Without the additional
space we could not have developed the
new experimental research efforts or
modernized our instructional programs.
Bringing all the department activities
together will forge new synergisms that
will lead to exciting new endeavors and
allow us to build our undergraduate
and graduate programs to the levels
needed for the future.%




UNIVERSITY OF

tFLORIDA
CLAS notes is published monthly by
the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
to inform faculty and staff of current
research and events.


Dean:
Editor:
Graphics:


Will Harrison
Jane Gibson
Gracy Castine