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Around the college
Grants awarded through Division of Sponsored Research
Note from the chair
Vol. 11 The University of Florida College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
Spanish Professor Wears Many Hats
Diverse Responsibilities Earn Reynaldo Jimenez Local and National Visibility
Coach Spurrier said that 1997 was
a "pretty good year, not a great year."
He wasn't speaking for CLAS, but it
wouldn't be a bad fit. While we fell
short in some areas, many good things
have happened to benefit the College.
For a truly great year, we would
have needed big-time adjustments in
our faculty/ staff/ GTA salary structure.
We would have seen greater expansion
of our graduate programs. And CLAS
would have found more dollars to feed
the ever growing computer needs in
both teaching and research.
Still, it could be arguably considered
one of our best years in some time, and
with one month left, we still have the
potential for additional year-end gifts.
Despite the danger in any Best of '97
listing, here is one view.
o Topping the list our 30 new faculty,
who are beginning what we expect
to be outstanding careers for their
departments and CLAS.
o A $32 million Physics Building
just now coming on line to permit
development of exciting new research
projects, with the new space in this
building leading to much needed
cascade moves of faculty in Williamson,
Turlington, and McCarty Halls.
o Funding for renovation of the former
Language Laboratory in Dauer Hall
to become the Keene Faculty Center,
which will be a beautiful and functional
facility for daily faculty activities, as
well as receptions, dinners, and other
o A special NSF award, which coupled
with UF matching, provides $3 million
to renovate Williamson Hall.
o Another new record CLAS research
Imagine being accountable for the
accurate, fair evaluation of a
standardized exam taken by tens of
thousands of high school students all over
the country. As the Chief Faculty Reader
of the Spanish Advanced Placement Exam,
Reynaldo Jimenez faces this daunting task
every June. No quick trip through the
scan-tron can score these complex tests,
which consist of listening sections and oral
components as well as grammar usage,
composition, and standard multiple choice
Projections for the 1998 Spanish AP tests
indicate that around 56,000 students will
take the exams this spring. The grading is
done quickly, but in a very regulated, well-
practiced manner. "We grade the exams in
a seven-day period on a college campus in
the US," explains Jimenez. (In 1998 they're
meeting at Trinity College in San Antonio.)
"The grading involves nearly 400 teachers
and professors from here and abroad."
Strict guidelines are followed to choose
these readers. Sixty percent of them
must be college instructors, while 40%
must be high school teachers. Within
this preset ratio, the readers are chosen to
ensure proper representation of genders,
geographical regions, and native/non-
native speakers. "Every year we bring
new readers [at least 15% of the total] in to
replace veteran readers," Jimenez adds, a
process that preserves the freshness of the
One of the greatest benefits of his
position, says Jimenez, is that it places
him in "close contact with some of the best
teachers and students across the country."
Perhaps his exposure to such talent has
worn off on UF. Florida ranks #5 in the
nation for new students who have taken
the Spanish AP language exam, and #13 in
new students who have taken the Spanish
AP literature exam. That means quite a
few students arrive at UF with significant
Spanish experience, including the critical
(Romance Languages and Literatures)
analysis and close reading of texts. Not
all of these students go on to major in
Spanish, says Jimenez, but many of them
do choose to minor in the language.
Another challenging responsibility for
Jimenez is his position as the designer and
director of UF's "Spanish for Native or
Near-Native Speakers," a program which
stirred up some controversy in September.
"This program was misrepresented in the
news earlier this year," Jimenez says.
"One student was concerned that the
program discriminated against non-
native speakers, but that is not what
we're doing at all.
"The course was not designed to cater
to specific ethnic groups or nationalities.
It targets students with significant non-
academic exposure to Spanish [whether
from the home or from one of many
external sources including peace corps
experience]. Such students' experience
comes largely from hearing Spanish
spoken, so they are lacking the intensive
grammatical training necessary to
successfully manipulate the language."
-See Jimenez, page 11
This month's focus: Romance Languages and Literatures
-See Musings, page 12
Around the College
ANTHROPOLOGY Lou Guillette
In October Paul Magnarella was the Banquet Keynote Speaker month at the 1:
at the annual meeting of the Association of Third World Studies. crinology.
His speech was entitled: "The International Legal Response to
the Human Tragedy in Rwanda." Colin Chapma
small scale vari
ENGLISH of red colobus
Jane Douglas' hypertext fiction, "I Have Said Nothing," was Trends in Prim;
profiled in a feature article on the "canonization" of hypertext fic-
tion in The Guardian, one of the UK's national dailies, on October
9th. Douglas' article "Will the Most Reflexive Relativist Please
Stand Up? Hypertext and the Art of Argumentative Writing" was
awarded first runner-up for best article of 1996 by the journal
Computers and Composition.
Peter Rudnytsky was a featured speaker at a conference in Hei-
delberg on "The Rediscovery of Otto Rank for Psychoanalysis."
His paper, "Rereading Rank," was delivered in German. Also in
Heidelberg, he gave a second paper in German at the Institute for
Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy, "The Analyst's Murder of the
Patient," which is forthcoming in American Imago.
Jonathan B. Martin was given an Affiliate Assistant Professor
Appointment in the College of Natural Resource and Environment,
effective 10/1/97 6/30/98.
In conjunction with his duties as president of the History of Sci-
ence Society, Frederick Gregory recently represented the Society
as the guest of the British Society for the History of Science at
its 50th anniversary conference held at the University of Leeds
from September 8-12. Gregory also represented the History of physicists t
Science Society at the recent opening of the exhibit "Mechanical tures.
Marvels: Invention in the Age of Leonardo" at the World Financial
Center in New York. Organized by the Instituto e Museo di Storia
della Scienza in Florence and by Finmeccanica, the exhibit will
remain in New York until the spring of 1998, whereupon it will FITNES
embark on a tour of museums around the world, culminating with
its appearance in Sydney in conjunction with the next summer
Olympic Games. Faculty
health and 7
MATHEMATICS out the Liv
Stephen Summers spent six weeks of his sabbatical this fall as an w
invited researcher at the Erwin Schroedinger International Institute eek-long
for Mathematical Physics in Vienna, Austria. He participated Living
in a special workshop on Local Quantum Physics and delivered student usa
an hour address in "Geometric Modular Action and Spacetime as well as t
Symmetry Groups". able rates.
POLITICAL SCIENCE modate woi
Philip Williams' new book entitled Militarization and Demili- AM to 8 PM
tarization in El Salvador's Transition to Democracy has just been to 3 PM. Th
published by Pittsburgh University Press. on homefoc
Leann Brown, Renee Johnson, Tony Rosenbaum, Mike Scic- Emplye
chitano and Les Thiele presented papers this November at a con-
ference on "Uncertainty and the Environment" at the University 11 (east side
of Twente, The Netherlands. contact Bet)
gave an invited public lecture in Kyoto, Japan last
3th International Congress of Comparative Endo-
n has been invited to give a lecture "Implications of
nation in ecological conditions for the diet and density
monkeys" at the international symposium: Recent
ate Socioecology" in Kyoto, Japan (Jan, 1998).
ssor to Receive Honorary Degree
Professor E. Raymond Andrew
(Physics) will receive the honor-
ary degree of Doctor of Science
from the Prifysgol Cymru (The
University of Wales) at a special
ceremony on April 18, 1998 in
Cardiff. Intended to honor the
many fundamental contributions
that Andrew has made to the
field of Nuclear Magnetic Reso-
nance, this award is especially
fitting as it was in Wales that he
invented the concept of Magic
Angle Spinning which is today a
major tool used by chemists and
o determine fundamental molecular struc-
S PROGRAM AVAILABLE FOR
FACULTY AND STAFF
and staff interested in improving their
wellness in a convenient location can check
ing Well program, which is offering free
rial memberships for the Fall semester.
Well is a fully equipped fitness center (no
ge), that offers personalized instruction
he latest in exercise equipment at afford-
gram also offers flexible hours to accom-
rk schedules. Fall hours are weekdays 6
Iand Saturdays and Sundays from 10 AM
e Living Well Fitness Center will be closed
itball game Saturdays.
es who wish to inquire about the free-trial
op by the Center located in Yon Hall room
of the football stadium, ground level), or
h at 392-8189for more information.
Around The College
Uhlfelder Addresses Large Crowd
at CLAS Assembly
The College Assembly Meeting on November
14 drew the largest faculty turnout in years. Turlington
lecture room L005 was filled to the brim with professors
from CLAS and other colleges on campus. Why?
Because the event featured Q&A time with Steve
Uhlfelder, Board of Regents Chairperson and outspoken
opponent of the present tenure system. Uhlfelder gave
the crowd a summary of his background, both as a
student at UF, including his election as student body
president, and his work as a lawyer and BOR member.
When he opened the floor for questions, the focus
immediately shiftedto the tenure issue. Questions like "How can academic
freedom be maintained without the protection of tenure?" and "What, exactly,
don't you like about tenure?" to "Why don't you give a tenure-less system a
significant trial period at the new Florida university before attempting to foist it
upon existing Universities?" flooded the session until time was called. Uhlfelder
was unyielding in his belief that tenure must be reformed because presently it
protects ineffective teachers. He said that he favors multi-year contracts, where
professors would have to undergo a thorough review every 5-7 years to get
contracts renewed. Uhlfelder also emphasized that he thought professors should
get rewarded better financially, particularly in the riskier environment of a tenure-
free academy. But he also pointed out that times have changed and claimed that
Universities should be accountable for the performance of their employees in the
same way that businesses must be. He explained that in his law firm (Holland
and Knight) a partner would be quickly fired for sub-par performance.
Clockwise from top left: Marsha
Bryant (English), Steve Uhlfelder
4 (Chair, Board of Regents), Mark
Fondacaro (Criminology and Law),
Richard Hollinger (Sociology),
and Patricia Craddock (English),
r Karen Pyke (Sociology) and Sheila
CLAS Teaching and Advising Awards
Con Ion's The deadline to nominate a teacher or an advisor for the 1997/98 CLAS Teach-
Replacement ing/Advising Awards is February 9,1998. Nomination forms are available from
Department Chairs, in 2014 Turlington Hall and 100 Academic Advising Center,
Chosen and in envelopes posted by elevators and entrances to CLAS buildings. Nomi-
nation forms may be returned to any of these locations or mailed to:
Dr. John R. Sabin,
(Physics) has been 2014 Turlington Hall
appointed CLAS CLAS Teaching Advising Awards Committee
University of Florida
Director of Resource Gainesville, FL 32611
January 9, 1998. For more information please contact Ksenia Bobylak in the CLAS Dean's Office,
H ME II E QLM-[iecoming BBQ Mini-Expo a Big Success
, Despite a cold and rainy morning, spectators of the 1997 Homecoming
Parade ended up enjoying a brisk beautiful fall day. The CLAS-Law
School Homecoming BBQ Mini-Expo, set up under a large striped tent
in front of Flint Hall, was a festive addition to the University Avenue
event. Sponsored by Sam Y. Allgood, Jr. (JD '49) and Bruce S. Bullock
S (LS '55, LLB '62), and coordinated by Jeff Ulmer (Law School Director of
i Development and former Assistant Director of Develpment at CLAS),
.r the tent drew long lines of CLAS faculty and staff, students, alumni and
friends. Participants enjoyed BBQ sandwiches (tirelessly served by the
Gator Debaters), sipped espresso made by the Italian crew at the RLL
table, examined rocks and minerals at the Geology table, and browsed
through the many other CLAS and Law exhibits. A good time was had
Clockwise from top left: Albert and Alber-
ta; Richard Haynes (Philosophy); Richard
Matasar (Dean, College of Law) and Becky
Hoover (Assistant Director of Development,
College of Law); Ron Akers (Criminology);
Dean Harrison and Carol Binello (Dean's
Office); Kellie Roberts (Center for Written
and Oral Communication) and the Gator
Debaters; Kim Pace (Dean's Office) and
daughter Kelsey; Richard Woodard (Phys-
Clockwise from top left: Mike Paden (Italian),
President Lombardi, and Italian Club students:
Jonathan Fell, Tinho Young, Barb Heller, and
Carmelina Piparo; Albert Matheny (Political
Science) and his son, Al; Lou Guillette (Zool-
ogy) and his wife, Elizabeth; 0 lathlicii, Guil-
lette and Sheila Dickison [not pictured] were all
voted Blue Key Distinguished Faculty Members);
Chris Faricloth (PhD candidate, Sociology) and
Marian Borg (Sociology); Shunko Muroya
(Visiting Lecturer in African and Asian) and
Yumiko Hulvey (African and Asian Languages
and Literatures); Avraham Balaban, Haig Der-
Houssikian and Aida Bamia (African and
Asian Languages and Literatures); President
Lombardi; Dorian Shuford and Scott Purci-
full (Geology students); and in the center Jorja
Frappier and Olga Bomberger (Dean's office).
IN ll -I
Bilingualism Still Considered a Sickness
An Interview with Florencia Cortes Conde
Cn: What is the focus of your
FCC: I am researching the
sociology of language and
socio-linguistics, and my area of
specialty is bilingualism.
Cn: Is a person considered
bilingual when s/he speaks more
than one language or is there a
more specific definition? Florencia Cortes Conde
FCC: My definition-and there are many-is that bilinguals
are those who have been socialized in two languages. In
other words, people who live in a community and speak that
particular language, but then have to live in another community,
too, and therefore they have to speak both languages because
their network of interactions requires it. We don't really know
exactly what it means to be bilingual-bi-cultural- in this
context. We can't speak about it, actually, without threatening
the modem notion of "nation" and our perception of ourselves
as "nationals" rather than an aggregate of individuals. Nations
define themselves as having achieved cohesion through
monolingualism. So, although the academic acquisition of a
second language is considered an asset, bi-cultural bilingualism
is potentially very problematic.
This, of course, is not a new concept. In her book Between
Worlds, Francis Cartoonan writes about the distrust of translators
as people who "move between two
worlds." In Mexico, Malinche, who
was the translator for Cortez, was
not entirely trusted by the Spanish,
and she was viewed as a traitor by
Mexicans. Bilinguals are thought
to have conflicts of loyalties or
problematic natures; it's considered .
a kind of sickness. o
Cn: What about in a country
like India that has no unifying
language? A broken bilingual ton
FCC: The multiplicity of languages their Bri
is seen as one of the problems with a
nation such as India and one of the
reasons why they haven't been able
to achieve a modem status. But the truth is, we don't really know
that this is always going to be the case. In a world where you're
constantly on the move, you're changing frontiers and nations,
you're immigrating, you're emigrating you're participating
in different world contexts and having to deal with multiple
cultures, to view bilingualism negatively and to have this very
static view of culture, society, nations and individuals is sort
Cn: You've just finished a manuscript (tentatively titled
"Bilinguals and Barbarians: Experiencing Nation Through a
Two-Language Mirror")for which you conducted a case study
on the A,:. /..- 1 ... -, i,,.
FCC: Yes. The Anglo-Argentinians are British immigrants
who built a strong community (77,000 at its height) in Argentina
from 1860 to the 1930s. I wanted to see if they were able to
maintain English from one generation to the next. But they had
a very static view of what it meant to be British, and this rigidity
did not allow them to create a new identity for themselves when
circumstances changed (WWII and British bankruptcy among
other things), and therefore the community is dying.
When you try to hang on to one definition of who you are
as a collective and as an identity, you are not allowing for the
changes that a community naturally undergoes. In that sense,
bi-cultural bilinguals are left with a dichotomous choice-they
must decide to be either an ethnic or a national, but not both.
To survive, then, many bilinguals can not incorporate their
community histories because the 'nation' can't accept it. On the
other hand, when a group of bi-cultural bilinguals do isolate
themselves, like the Anglo-Argentine, they don't change at all,
and that's a problem, too. One Anglo-Argentine told me that
he'd visited Great Britain and that, "no one speaks good English
there anymore." Of course, it was very obvious that emigrants
from England's colonial outposts who had filtered into Britain
had contributed to the formation of a new culture there-the
Empire changed the island. Britain expanded, and then all
that expansion came back to them and changed them. For the
Anglo-Argentine, though, England was an image in their heads,
and many of those who went back
Cn: So how can bi-cultural
bilinguals avoid dichotomous
Tm FCC: Maintaining an alliance with
.i^ ,the past and negotiating a relationship
with the present, which has been
W called "selective acculturation,"
can give a community more control
one in Argentina where over the assimilation process. A
fully tried to maintain community--parents and children
sfuilly tried to maintain .
h e. both-can initiate stages of this
process of acculturation, but it's
selective; there's alot of negotiation
of boundaries, which prevents the
alienation and marginalization of new generations.
Eventually, when the Anglo-Argentine were left to decide
between connectedness (adopting Argentine language and
culture) and economic advancement (their connection with
Britain and the world economy), they chose connectedness. I
think that shows how powerful the need for solidarity is. This
is something to keep in mind when we consider what we ask
of economically disadvantaged immigrants when we give
them this choice. We're asking them to alienate themselves,
to cut themselves off from their history for the sake of social
The Creation of High Culture in Dying Languages
A 'Beautiful But Tragic Phenomenon' says French Professor William Calin
William Calin's new book
Modernism: Scots, Breton, and
Occitan, 1920-1990, required
him to learn two new languages,
a welcomed task for the Graduate
Research professor of French
literature. "I love to learn new
languages and to go into new
fields," explains Calin, who also
reads French, Spanish, Italian
and German, "so this project was
especially enjoyable for me."
Calin first became intrigued
by the three languages his present
work focuses on-Scots, the
original Anglo-Saxon language of
Lowland Scotland (the language of
Burns' poetry); Breton, the Celtic
language of Brittany; and Occitan, a
romance language (originally called
Provenqal) spoken in the South of
France-when he noticed a similar
trend in their evolution. By the
end of the nineteenth century, Calin
explains, all three languages had
declined to local dialect status. "The
regions suffered from stereotyping,"
he says, "such as the assumption
that their inhabitants were rural,
poetic, traditionalist and Christian."
Clich6s like 'charming eccentric
priests,' 'dashing youths who
became soldiers or sailors,' 'sweet
young maidens,' 'country dances
and festivities,' and 'sacrifices and
backwardness' inevitably punctuated
descriptions of the areas.
In the twentieth century,
however, intellectuals in all three
regions (independent of one another)
became determined to modernize
and revolutionize their cultures.
"They wanted to create a totally
modern literature-comparable to
literature in French and English-and
to do so they would use vernacular
and make of it a modern high-
culture language," says Calin.
They enriched the vocabularies by
going back to the Middle Ages for
old words. They unified spellings,
created dictionaries and grammars
and translated classics
from other languages.
"The idea was to
convince writers to write
in a single, standard
language for all parts
of the dialect area and
region," he explains.
Their efforts worked.
In their newly unified
writers created serious
poetry, drama and
novels that deliberately
avoided rural cliches.
"The quality of the
literature they produced Grad
is comparable to that of
the great literatures of
Europe," claims Calin.
Unfortunately, though, Scots,
Breton and Occitan are still dying
out, largely due to the force of
state languages which are naturally
imposed by radio, TV, military
service and tourism. "For reasons
of social mobility and any number
of other causes," Calin explains, "
it's now normal for Scottish people
to speak English and for Bretons to
speak French. The number of native
speakers are declining." Although
major efforts to teach these languages
are still being made in local schools,
most of the "great literature" has not
been translated. According to Calin,
the regional writers are of two minds
about translation. They want inter-
national acclaim, but the widespread
translation of the texts would make
cheating easier for school children
learning the languages. Additionally,
the translations would in some ways
negate the purpose for creating the
body of literature in the first place,
reinforcing the notion that the dying
language is not worthy of being
Calin emphasizes that despite the
seeming specificity of his research,
"this is a vital and contemporary area
which has comparable problems with
the States, including multicultural
issues and conflicts between old and
uate Research Professor William Calin
with the flag of Breton.
"It's a very exciting and beautiful-
but also tragic-phenomenon to see
such wonderful literature being
written in languages which appear to
be disappearing," he says, "and there
will be a great loss to humanity if and
when the languages do die out, just
as there is a great loss to humanity
because American Indian languages
are currently disappearing."
Although Calin specializes in
medieval literatures, his approach for
this project is quite contemporary.
"One of my methodologies for the
book is postcolonialism-I'm looking
at each community as a colonized
minority which has declined under the
dominant hegemony. Interestingly,
though, the writers in these regions
call themselves 'colonized people' not
to emphasize their ethnic uniqueness,
but purely to create a language of
high culture. They are not necessarily
interested in the local or the political;
instead, they are trying to escape the
narrow confines of ethnicity."
Calin spent the spring and summer
as a visiting research fellow at the
Institute for Advanced Studies in
Edinburgh researching and writing his
manuscript, which he hopes will be
published in 1999 or 2000.
Academics in Transition
In the final installment of our three-part series on CLAS academics in transition, our participants discuss
their adjustment to UF and the Gainesville community. Carla Edwards is a TA and PhD student in
sociology. Dana Martin, a first-year TA in French, is working on her PhD in Francophone-African and
Caribbean literatures. Pam Ohman is an assistant professor of statistics.
CLAS notes: How does the University of Florida compare to the
school you came from? (academic atmosphere, social atmosphere,
physical facilities, etc...)
Carla Edwards: Well, I was working *
at the University of Pennsylvania
in Philadelphia prior to UF. I began
working there after receiving both my
BA and MS. Ed. from Penn. In terms
of architecture and collegiality, Penn
and UF are very similar. The thing that
attracted me to Penn was its ivy league
status, Quaker history, and presence in the big city. But UF
is truly holding its own. The students at UF are not as cut
throat and competitive academically, but they show quite a
bit of enthusiasm about learning. I like that a lot about UF
students. In terms of social life, I can not really compare
because as a graduate student I have no life!
Dana Martin: I went to Tulane, and UF is much bigger.
Academically, though, it's about the same. I feel challenged
here and felt challenged at Tulane. I'm
from New Orleans, so the lifestyle here
is a really big change. But when I tell my
students where I'm from, it opens up a big
opportunity to discuss their questions in
French, particularly about Mardi Gras,
1y which they are always curious about.
Cn: Gainesville was ranked the "best place to
live in the US" by a 1995 Money Magazine poll. Do you agree?
Disagree? Why? Do you see Gainesville as a potential home, or
merely as an academic "stopping through" point?
Pam Ohman: I don't know if I've lived
here long enough to agree with the
claim that Gainesville is the best place
to live. So far, Gainesville has proved to
be convenient and livable. I'm used to
hot summers without air-conditioning
and the very long, freezing winters of
New York. Although I've been enjoying
the cooler weather of these past couple
of days, I'm not missing the snow and
heavy coat temperatures yet. In addition, there certainly
seems to be enough things to do in the area to fill up any
extra time I might make for myself. I was able to take a
watercolor class and a figure- drawing class though the
community college continuing education program. That
was a nice diversion for a few weeks. As the semester
nears an end though, I'm glad not to have that extra
Gainesville is the place I call "home" for the moment. I
don't have any plans to move elsewhere. Of course there
is always the tenure decision down the road as well as any
other unexpected events that might call me away.
CE: I love Gainesville. Seeing that I was born in Shands
Hospital many years ago I consider and have always
considered Gainesville my hometown. I miss things
about living in the big city of Philadelphia, like public
transportation, cheesesteaks and pretzels on every corner,
the night life, and the proximity of New York City and
Washington DC, but I truly love being near extended
family, and I'm enjoying Gainesville's dark, peaceful nights,
sunshine and warmth, and evergreen trees. Plus, folks
in Gainesville are so friendly and accommodating. I can
actually write checks and not be treated like a criminal. I
don't even think people in Philly know what a checkbook
is anymore. My husband and I are seriously considering
settling down in Gainesville or a surrounding town. We are
both from Florida and felt like it was time to come home.
DM: [Gainesville's #1 status] was brought to my attention
for recruitment purposes but also by my father because he
had heard so many good things about Gainesville. His sister
lives in Tampa, so he's familiar with the state and really likes
it here. I think what's really great about Gainesville is its
location in relation to other big cities-Orlando, Tampa,
Jacksonville-you can get away without driving 5 hours.
Cn: How difficult has your adjustment been to the community
of Gainesville? Has being involved in a University department
aided in your adjustment, or have the demands of school
capitalized your time too much to get to know the area?
PO: Work has taken up most of my attention, and even
more so as we're approaching the end of the semester. I
don't expect this to change much next semester either.
Fortunately, I am comfortable with the people in my
department, a couple of whom are good friends as well
as colleagues. This, of course, makes my adjustment to
Gainesville much easier that it would be otherwise.
CE: We have family here who have provided us with plenty
of love, food and even shelter, making the adjustment a little
easier than if we had moved to a place where we did not
know anyone. We still have not settled on whether to buy
or rent a home. Even though everyone keeps screaming the
cost of living is much cheaper in Gainesville than up north, I
have not found this to be true. Rent, gas, and personal items
are very expensive here. So, it has been a little difficult to
adjust our standard of living and survive off one real income
and a students income versus two real incomes.
-See Academics in Transition, page 12
The Artist Behind the Card
Bob Bird Commemorates CLAS Buildings
Look closely at any of the nine
drawings Bob Bird has done of
CLAS buildings and you just
might see an armadillo. Walking
along the sidewalk, foraging in the
bushes, or relaxing with a book,
Bird's trademark armored animals
may not be easy to spot right away,
but their subtle inclusion adds the
artist's personality to these simple
and elegant sketches.
Until 1989, CLAS Christmas cards
were of the store bought variety.
Shortly after taking over the
deanship, however, Dean Harrison
Dauer Hall, sketched by Bird in 1992.
decided the annual greetings should
be more personal-should have a
real tie to UF and the College. He
asked News and Public Affairs for
the name of an artist who could
draw university buildings, and
they immediately recommended
their own Bob Bird, whose pen and
ink sketches have graced the CLAS
holiday cards ever since.
Initially, the cards were printed in
the dean's office and hand colored,
but now they are professionally
printed in two colors. Since over
300 are sent out a year, thousands
of people have been able to enjoy
Bird's drawings. Recently, boxed
sets of five of his CLAS cards (non-
holiday versions) were created as
thank-you gifts for major donors
to the college.
Although he majored in news
writing and editing (UF, '74) and
has worked for 20 years at News
and Public Affairs as a graphic
artist, a profession he claims to
have "backed into," Bird says he
would "rather draw than anything
else." He enjoys working in other
mediums-he paints a bit and is
presently working on a large wood
carving-but Bird prefers drawing
because the tools are easy to carry.
"I can take them anywhere," he
Born in Virginia, Bird was
"raised on army bases"
and joined the navy after
high school. His stint in the
service intensified his love
for drawing: "I guess I really
started getting into it when
I was in Vietnam because I
was fascinated with Oriental
art and the way they use a lot
of negative space... not like
we do here." Bird's sketches
reflect this exposure to Eastern
technique. He makes short,
delicate strokes and leaves plenty
of white space, without sacrificing
detail. "[My drawings] might look
a little Eastern...I don't know, but
that's what I like," he says.
For this year's holiday
card, Bird sketched the
Academic Advising Center.
His talent flatters the
building's new architecture J
(he even made Turlington
Hall look stately and tra-
ditional). Of the seven other
CLAS buildings featured
in the past (Dauer, Flint,
Leigh, Rolfs and Anderson),
Bird claims Leigh was the
most fun to work on. "Leigh
Hall has so much detail," he
Bob Bird stands in front of the Academic
Advising Center with his sketch of the
building for this year's CLAS holiday
says, referring to the carved names
and intricate stonework of the 1926
All nine of Bird's framed originals
hang in the Dean's Office conference
room, so stop by and see them
for yourself. You can hunt for
armadillos while you're there, but
don't get frustrated. "I think I left
out the armadillos for a year or
two," says Bird. "Or maybe I just
hid them so well I can't find them
Bob Bird's 1996 rendering of Leigh Hall.
QP~c ^jifi^Jb tfAmwf
Grant Awards through Division of Sponsored Research
October 1997 Total $2,281,589
Malecki Jr., E.
Stratford, B. ANT
Campins, H. AST
Gustafson, B. AST
Telesco, C. AST
Hudlicky, T. CHE
Benner, S. CHE
Hanrahan, R. CHE
Zerner, M. CHE
Martin, E. GLY
Perfit, M. GLY
Stark, C. MAT
Mitselmakher, G. PHY
Avery, P. PHY
Ramond, P. PHY
Sikivie, P. PHY
Albarracin, D. PSY
Bradley, N. PSY
Fischler, I. PSY
Carter, R. STA
Carter, R. STA
US Bio Corp
GLY Misc Donors
Centaur Pharmaceutical research agreement.
Development of a fast response PSP system.
Evaluation of magnetic field conditioning.
Private corrections project.
Private corrections project.
The enhancement of human rights and democracy in Uganda.
The enhancement of human rights and democracy in Uganda.
An assessment of manufacturing extension in Florida.
Optical characterization of thin films and relevant materials.
Clinical trial research design.
Social organization of sexual behavior & its relation to HIV risk.
Corporate memory and spacecraft development.
Optical properties of irregular dust particles: experiment & theory.
A complete study of far-infrared radiation in nearby spiral galaxies.
Synthetic methodology without reagents tandem enzymatic methods.
Evolutionary tools for interpreting genomic data.
Gas phase hydrogen halogen systems.
Media effect in molecular structure & spectroscopy.
ND isotope investigation of North Atlantic deep water population.
Temporal & spatial variations in mid-ocean magmatism.
NSF appointment for Dr. Stark.
Hadron collider physics.
Task B: Research in theoretical & experimental elementary particle physics.
Task A: Research in theoretical & experimental elementary particle physics.
Task C: Research in theoretical & experimental elementary particle physics.
Predictors of the impact of condom use communications.
Project 4: Center for the study of emotion & attention.
Project 3: Center for the study of emotion & attention.
Developmental evaluation/intervention quality assurance & accountability.
Developmental evaluation/intervention quality assurance & accountability.
The Japan Foundation support program for Japanese studies expansion.
The Japan Foundation support program for Japanese studies.
Zoology presidential research graduate fellowship program.
A survey of Alachua County residents regarding law enforcement.
A survey of Sugarfoot and Cedar Ridge residents.
GEO Water Mgmt 7,306 GIS services for water supply needs and sources assessment.
Physiologic mechanisms affect by perinatal NAC1 level project 3.
Project 2: Effect of perinatalsalt exposure on taste function.
Pediatric oncology group Phase 1 clinical trials in children.
Thomas C. Emmel,
(review taken from
Bring butterflies to
your own backyard
by creating a buttefly garden with
the help of renowned lepidopterist
Dr. Thomas C. Emmel. Butterfly
Gardening takes you step by step
through choosing plants to attract
the butterflies in your area, arranging
them to fit your garden and their
needs, and maintaining your garden
once you have established it. Beyond
the garden's creation, Butterfly
Gardening will teach you how to
identify your new visitors with handy
tips and a beautiful photograph
gallery of butterflies. With the help of
Butterfly Gardening, you can establish
(Excerpt) So, w
butterfly conservation may not ha
been the starting point for
your venture into butterfly
gardening, you can see by
this brief series of examples
how individuals can make a
difference, and how by planting
the food plants of butterflies,
both for their larvae and adult
stages, you can bring back a
species even on the verge of
Florida's Fabulous Butterflies
(World Publications) by Thomas C.
Emmel (professor of zoology and
entomology and Director of the
Division of Lepidoptera Research).
Photographs by Brian Kenney.
(Excerpt) The word
butteri fly" was
probably inspired by
the buttery yellow
color of the Brimstone,
a very common
The Brim-stone is a
relative of the sulphurs
found in Florida and
is one of the first
to appear in the spring.
Jimenez (continued from page 1)
It's the difference between the ability
to play a song by ear and the ability
to sight read. Students who are non-
native speakers but have had advanced
language courses and a lot of classroom
Spanish training can already manipulate
the language; that is, they can create new
sentences or paragraphs they've never
seen, heard or read before because they
know the rules. They need other kinds
of training (immersion, say, as opposed
to remediation in grammar) to improve
their fluency. Native or near-native
speakers, on the other hand, who lack
technical skills, are limited to using only
that part of the language they've had
prior experience with. "Each requires
an entirely different pedagogy," says
In addition to these supervisory
responsibilities, Jimenez is immersed
in his own research. He is presently
writing a book of critical essays entitled
The Spanish-American Bildungsroman:
Tradition and Subversion. Bildungs-
roman, or "novels of initiation," are
"narratives that delineate-through the
protagonist-a process of development
that includes getting to know the other
and the self," says Jimenez.
The original German model,
which dates back to the 18th century,
maintained this process as journey
toward integration into society and the
status quo. The protagonist, usually
an adolescent male, sought to educate
himself along the way (culturally,
socially, spiritually) in line with the
Enlightenment notion of attaining
perfection. In the more contemporary
versions, says Jimenez, such optimism
ceased to exist, especially in the
Spanish-American Bildungsroman, in
which protagonists attempting to find
their places more often than not end up
displaced and alienated.
Jimenez's book focuses on 25
Spanish-American novels written in
Mexico, Argentina, Cuba, Puerto Rico
and Columbia. "Studying this genre
serves as a way to document social and
political reality," Jimenez claims, "and
it applies to many different contexts,
including female subjectivity and
the construction of the revolutionary
subject......In addition, this project is
somewhat interdisciplinary in nature,
insofar as it explores the relationship
between history and fiction, or between
historical and fictional discourses. That,
in itself, makes it particularly interesting
for someone working in the field
of contemporary Spanish-American
CLAS notes is published monthly by
the College ofLiberal Arts and Sciences
to inform faculty and staff of current
research and events.
Transitions continued from page 8
funding of $25 million awarded
to our faculty in highly rigorous
o Strong participation by CLAS
in the $500 million UF Capital
Campaign; our target is $30 million
although our goal is even more
ambitious, given that we are nearing
the $20 million mark already.
o A $3 million bequest from a
generous alumnus that will greatly
benefit this college someday, and
this was not the only $1M+ gift.
o Another great entering class
of UF freshmen, all of whom are
taught by CLAS faculty and many
of whom will select majors in this
o Record number of Anderson
Scholars (3.80 or higher GPA during
their first two years at UF) awarded
at the CLAS Fall Convocation, the
majority of whom matriculate in
o The success of the Writing
Program in expanding writing to
departments outside of English,
and the associated mandate from
CLAS faculty to double the writing
requirement for our students.
o So many faculty awards,
recognition, and prizes as to
exceed available space here.
This litany of success fails to
acknowledge a wide range of new
academic initiatives and activities
in the departments and programs.
Many departments are aggressively
moving into new ventures that
draw important attention within
If this momentum can be sustained
through several more "very good"
years, an enhanced national and
international image of UF academics
will follow. And along the way, we
can hope for that "great" year.
CE: My department is great. Dr.
Radelet, the chair and Dr. Beeghley,
the former graduate coordinator
along with Sharon, Janet, and Mrs.
Robinson (the office staff) have
treated me like a member of their
School is quite demanding, but my
research has allowed me to explore
the area looking for research subjects,
so at least once a week I go some
place new. I actually went downtown
for the first time this weekend. It is a
cute little area.
DM: I spent the last year in Paris, and
although I loved it, I was really ready
for the campus scene again. Here, I
don't have to walk all over the city to
get to a library! I came down here by
myself, and although I have a friend
who's shown me around, I still
need to familiarize myself with more
local things to do. As far as making
friends, the people in my department
have helped a lot. I haven't been
able to go out a lot-who would read
my French texts for me if I did? But
I think next semester will be easier
after getting introduced to everything
this fall. I hope to be able to get to
know the town more then.
Cn: What are your favorite and/or least
favorite things about the Gainesville area?
PO: I have had the opportunity to
go out to some of the Florida woods
- Goethe forest and also to the scrub
preserve (and beach) out by Cedar
Key. The plants and animals here
are such a contrast to ones in the
Northeast that I am enjoying learning
about them. I'm looking forward to
spending more time exploring the
hidden natural areas of Florida.
CE: My favorite thing about
Gainesville is the weather, it's terrific.
Also, the people I have met and the
students I am teaching are really
outstanding. My least favorite thing
is the lack of good shopping.
DM: My favorite thing is UF's
beautiful campus and all the palm
trees. My least favorite thing?
Note from the Chair
Geraldine Nichols, chair of the Department of Romance Languag-
es and Literatures
Romance Languages and Literatures
is the oldest and largest of the language
departments at UF, with research
interests that span the globe, from
northern Africa to Vietnam, from Buenos
Aires to Barcelona, from Rome to Haiti,
and from Bahia to Montreal, passing
through Miami. Our thirty-three faculty
members and 44 graduate teaching
assistants offer classes that range from
Beginning Italian, French, Haitian
Creole, Portuguese and Spanish, through
Commercial French; Medical Spanish;
Francophone Cultures; Conversational
Portuguese; the Theater of the Spanish
Golden Age; Early Medieval Literature
in France; Sexualities, Textualities
and Nationalities in Contemporary
Spanish Narrative; French Phonetics
and Phonology; Italian film; Latin
American Women Writers; Machado de
Assis, and on and on.
Fortunately, this heterogeneity of
focus is balanced by our common
passion for the languages, cultures,
and literatures of the vernaculars
evolved from Latin, wherever they have
taken root and prospered. Exceptional
teaching at every level, curricular
reform, and assiduous advising have
ensured healthy enrollments in all of
our languages, even those that are
Our Department of Education-
supported Foreign Languages Across
the Curriculum project (FLAC at FLA)
has allowed us to enrich courses-in
Anthropology, Religion, Art History,
Music, Sociology, Philosophy,
History, and Business-by adding
a complementary foreign language
discussion section, taught by a teaching
assistant from RLL. We encourage
our students to study abroad and
have recently created seven new
undergraduate scholarships for that
purpose. Sustained attention to the
graduate programs in French and
Spanish over the past two years has
led to many tangible improvements:
better stipends, more varied teaching
assignments, larger incoming classes;
higher completion rates; intensive pre-
professional preparation; better offices;
more fellowships. RLL is well situated,
by virtue of its expertise and interests,
to help Florida's, and the nation's,
citizenry meet its global future%
Musings continued from page 1