|UFDC Home||myUFDC Home | Help ||
|Condon on computing|
|Grant awards through Division of...|
|From the chair...|
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PDF VIEWER PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
This item has the following downloads:
|Table of Contents|
Condon on computing
Grant awards through Division of Sponsored Research
From the chair...
I 6Vol. 11 No. 8 The University of6 Florid Colle f a r &s
Congratulations are in order to
CLAS faculty. Over the past two
years, they have achieved remark-
able success in winning research
funding from national agencies. At
a time when total funding resources
have been flat or even decreasing,
CLAS faculty have been moving
strongly against the tide to set fund-
ing records at UF.
Let's look at the numbers. In
fiscal year 1994-95, CLAS grants
and contract funding was at a
quite respectable $16,910,336. The
next year showed a strong increase
of 15% to reach a funding total of
$19,487,068. This was at a time
when agencies were cutting back
under severe budget pressures.
But this past year was even more
spectacular for CLAS faculty. Fiscal
year 1996-97 showed a total outside
funding of $25,508,262 an almost
unbelievable rise of 31% in one
year! And a two year increase of
46%. What's going on here?
The answer is that CLAS has
many really outstanding faculty
who are aggressively competing
well in tough national competi-
tions. The successes are coming
from all levels. From our newly
hired faculty, from our experienced
faculty, from expected disciplines,
and from those disciplines for
which fund acquisition is more dif-
ficult. In one sense, success begets
success. Grants won by one person
encourage submissions by others.
Faculty working across disciplines
submit joint proposals that draw
upon complementary talents and
Mathematics Solving Real World Problems
New Arrival in CLAS Combines Pure and Applied Math
im Olson is an optimist. He be-
lieves that higher level math-
ematics offers wonderful oppor-
tunities to solve important problems
facing society. In a still brief career, his
research has produced results to justify
such optimism. For example, how to
detect land mines hidden underground
or tumorous masses in tissue, problems
that are not so different mathematically
as one might think.
Olson, a new assistant professor of
mathematics, is "delighted" to be
in Florida, after having followed a
circuitous route of training. After an
undergraduate degree from Montana, a
doctorate at Auburn, followed by post-
doctoral positions at Dartmouth and
Johns Hopkins, he was drawn to UF by
the presence of groups interested in his
specialty of imaging. Olson summa-
rizes his research interest in lay terms
as "trying to get as much information
as possible from very little data." By
the use of complex mathematics, he is
able to maximize signal-to-noise
ratios, to find the scientific needle
in the haystack.
To detect land mines, the use of
ground penetrating radar emitted
from a plane requires the ability to
pick out and distinguish the small
mines from other ground based ob-
jects, such as rocks. By constructing
mathematical algorithms to deconvo-
lute the overwhelming array of data
received in these situations, images
can be created to pinpoint the location
of the mines. Olson is also interested
in medical imaging where the prob-
lem may be to detect in human
tissue small masses that may be of
cancerous potential. Again, it is the
application of pure mathematics to
attack real problems that Olson finds
"I just find this very rewarding to
work with other colleagues in related
disciplines," says Olson. "It allows
me to use my bag of tricks from
mathematics to provide insight into
new methods of problem solving. The
mathematics itself is great fun, made
even more satisfying by addressing
his research interest
in lay terms as "trying
to get as much infor-
mation as possible
from very little data."
--See Mathematics, page 9
This month's focus: Department of Mathematics
--See Musings, page 10
CLAS notes Gets
Re-Engineering Female Friendly
Science (Teacher's College Press)
by Sue V. Rosser (Women's Studies)
Jane Gibson, the new editor for
the College of Liberal Arts and Sci-
ences, is joining us from the English
Department, where she has recently
completed her master's degree. After
graduating from the University of
North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1990
with a bachelor's degree in English,
she worked as an editor's assistant
and a public school teacher. Here on
the University of Florida campus, she
has spent the last two years complet-
ing her coursework while teaching
composition and technical writing
for the English Department and the
"I am excited about this opportu-
nity to help publicize the impressive
work being done in the College of
Liberal Arts and Sciences," she said.
"I look forward to getting to know
more about each department and
would welcome the input or sugges-
tions of faculty and staff."
Her e-mail address isjgibson@clas.
CLAS notes is published monthly by the Col-
lege of Liberal Arts and Sciences to inform fac-
ulty and staff of current research and events.
Worldwide web http://clas.ufl.edu/clas-
adapted from book jacket 111
Rosser, Director Of the Center for Women's Studies
and Gender Research, is also the author of the pio-
neering book Female Friendly Science (1990), which
introduced feminist teaching methods to math and
science education and outlined a six-stage model for
transforming curricula to attract and retain women
in the sciences. This book was so successful that its
reforms were assimilated into mainstream science
education but, ironically, lost their appeal to women
in the process. Now, in Re-EngineeringFemale Friendly Science, Rosser revisits
the feminist origins of curriculum transformation and puts the gender back in
(Excerpt) Although the mainstream of science education now advocates curricular
transformations that overlap with those advocated by feminist scientists, in some
cases, such as when all examples in teaching about the history of science are white
men, curricular reforms represent cooptation rather than transformation. Similarly,
the impact ofgender issues has been overlooked in some of the current science educa-
tion trends, such as the school-to-work reform movement in high school, group work
in undergraduate classes, and the transition to graduate school. In other cases, such
as the creation of single-sex sections in the coeducational environment, too much
credence may have been placed in a single, gender-based solution.
Nominations Are Due for Howard
The George A. and Eliza Gardner
Howard Foundation seeks to aid the
personal development of promising
individuals at the crucial middle
stages of their careers. Nine fellow-
ships will be offered for 1997-98 to
support persons engaged in inde-
pendent projects in the field of his-
tory, including the history of science,
archaeology and political science.
Stipends of $20,000 will be given
for a period of one year; awards are
made for projects requiring full-time
work over an extended period of
time. Applicants should be in the
middle stages of their careers and
free of all other professional respon-
sibilities during their fellowship year.
Support is intended to augment paid
sabbatical leaves, making it finan-
cially possible for grantees to have an
entire year in which to pursue their
projects, free of any other professional
responsibilities. Accepted nominees
should therefore be eligible for sab-
baticals or other leave with guaran-
teed additional support. Nominees
should normally have the rank of
assistant or associate professor or
their nonacademic equivalents.
Applicants associated with an aca-
demic institution must be nominated
by the president of the institution or
a designated representative. Each
institution may nominate only two
candidates. To permit coordination
of UF nominations, projects should
be submitted to Ms. Rosie Warner,
College of Liberal Arts & Sciences,
2014 Turlington Hall, 392-6800, by
October 1, 1997. Final nominations
are due October 15, 1997.
30 Years on Rosemary Hill
In 1966-67, Prof. M. H. Teller, Department of Physics and Astronomy, was
appointed as the general contractor to build the optical observatory in Levy
County, Florida, in particular, the building for the 30-inch telescope. The site
was at a low sand ridge locally known as Rosemary Hill. The Florida rosemary
(Ceratiola ericoides) extirpated in this area of sandy soil is known as rosemary
balds. The rosemary scrub has a faint but distinctive odor. It is not the rosemary
(Rosmarinus officinalis) used as herb. The observatory ground-breaking took
place on the seventeenth day of July in the year 1967 of the Common Era, with
a volunteer crew of students, staff, and faculty.
Ode to the Ground-Breaking on Rosemary Hill
On the southern knot of a Bronson ridge
Above a Florida aquifer forty-yard high
With open view to the Hergert's land,
Cheerful men gathered to dig a hole.
"Here is the spot," they all pointed and exclaimed,
"Rosemary, oh, rosemary,
You must understand. You'll be razed
For the building come."
Dirt flew and sweat flowed under the summer sun.
From west to east a lone pine's long shadow moved.
And then there was a hole five-foot deep
Walled with plywood eight-foot square.
The secretary's urgent note was awaiting;
"No matter how late you get back today,
The Assistant Dean wants to see you in Tigert Hall.
The general contractor quit because of you."
"No-sir-ree and ye-sir-ree,
No, not again on our own we'll go a-working;
Yes, his commands we'll obey."
That was how the observatory got started, in a roll.
Opened toward heaven the thirty-inch stands
Over the hole that was dug on the Julian Day
Two million four-hundred-thirty-nine thousand six hundred and eighty nine,
In the year ding-wei of the gentle lamb.
Thirty fleeting years slipped by like in a day.
The sunset'll always tint the sky red and serene.
Who'll work till the next sunrise to begin a new day,
Atop the quiet Rosemary Hill?
Farewell to our comrades in labor and sweat,
Who have faded away like the summer clouds,
From that rosemary-scented hill,
Where nature nurtures dreams of men.
It's Only Logical!
by Doug Cenzer
The subject of logic has its roots
in classical philosophy and today has
branches in many disciplines, includ-
ing mathematics and philosophy, as
well as computer science, linguis-
tics, and law. Many people enjoy
solving puzzles with elementary
logical reasoning. More advanced
techniques of logic are used in expert
systems which, for example, help
doctors diagnose illness with the
aid of computers. Current research
on hybrid algorithms is using logic
in the design of onboard software
which can map out the flight plan of
an airplane in real time.
My research is in the area of
mathematical logic. The University
of Florida is the host for the Eprints
service, which collects abstracts in
mathematical logic and makes them
available on the Internet. Just as
mathematics is the language of sci-
ence and provides the foundation
of science, so logic is the language
of mathematics and provides the
foundation of mathematics. This
universality is part of the appeal of
logic, along with the mystery of such
problems as the logical paradoxes
and the closely related issues of un-
decidability and incompleteness.
Given a sequence of
data, we wish our
computer to "learn"
how to predict the
future values of the
Professor of mathematics
My research in mathematical logic
has involved many areas of math-
ematics, including algebra, analysis,
topology and combinatorics. I have
just finished long survey articles on
two topics in computability theory.
The first topic is Pi-O-1 classes,
or effectively closed sets. The basic
idea here is to view the solution of a
problem, such as coloring a graph, as
a sequence of choices of branches
- so the set of solutions forms a tree.
We are interested in how to represent
mathematical problems in terms of
these trees and in how the complexity
of the tree relates to the complexity of
The second topic is feasible math-
ematics, or complexity-theoretic math-
ematics. Here we say that a function
is feasible if it is computable using a
reasonable amount of resources. Just
as computability in mathematics con-
siders the question of whether there
exist algorithms (computer programs)
for solving various mathematical
problems, the question we are inter-
ested in is whether these algorithms
are feasible. This area is related to the
famous P=NP problem. For example,
the coloring problem is known to be
intractable (thus not quite feasible).
Computability theory, the branch
of mathematical logic where my work
is focused, is most closely linked with
computer science. I belong to several
research groups, based on the Internet.
Our Computability group just returned
from a meeting in Kazan, Russia. We
are setting up a Binational Exchange
Agreements, sponsored by the Na-
tional Science Foundation, with Russia
The LICS (Logic in Computer Sci-
ence) forum is a subgroup of the engi-
neering organization IEEE. A central
focus of this group has been finite
model theory. There are two particular
ways one can attempt to understand
a finite problem. One approach is to
write a logical sentence characterizing
the problems which have solutions. The
approach is to write a program which
solves the problems. Finite model
theory studies the connection between
these two approaches. Many of the
problems concern networks, and have
applications to, for example, telephone
networks and railroad shipping. Our
work has been primarily devoted to
infinite versions of these finite prob-
lems. Perhaps our most interesting
result was a representation of the
integers which allowed the computa-
tion of 2^x in polynomial time while
maintaining the p-time comput-
ability of addition, subtraction and
multiplication. This provides a way
of calculating exactly with very large
COLT (Computational Learning
Theory) is a part of the Machine
Learning community. Bill Moser
wrote his Doctoral Thesis in this
area; he is now employed at the soft-
ware startup company Hybrithms
in Seattle. The general area of
machine learning is concerned with
such problems as teaching robots to
perform tasks (like walking, or play-
ing chess). We are interested in the
area of inductive inference. This is
a form of pattern recognition. Given
a sequence of data, we wish our
computer to "learn" how to predict
the future values of the sequence and
to deduce the program which is pro-
ducing this data (assuming that there
is one). Moser and I have extended
the usual inductive inference of
discrete data to the inference of con-
tinuous (rational) data. He showed,
for example, that any continuous,
computable rational function could
be successfully infered.
The previous two groups are
concerned with discrete problems.
The CCA (Computability and Com-
plexity in Analysis) group stud-
ies continuous, rather than
-See Logical on page 5
Conlon on Computing
What if every student at UF had
access to computers? What if every
student had an e-mail address that
they were given free of charge at
entry to the university that stayed
with them for their entire time at
UF? What if every student could buy
and use CD-ROM material to supple-
ment there in-class instruction? And
what if every student could be given
assignments that required the use of
the web or the use of tools that were
previously available only on univer-
sity computers? We are about to find
UF has issued a policy requiring all
students new to campus in Summer
B 1998, as well as on-campus juniors
to be able to perform basic computa-
tional tasks using their own equip-
ment. The complete text of the policy
is available on the web at http: / /
www. class. ufl.edu/clasnet. Each
college must define the capabilities
required for their curricula.
CLAS is such a large and diverse
academic community that defining
computing capabilities for all of our
22 academic departments is a bit
daunting. All of our departments use
computing, but in quite varied ways.
We are developing an approach to stu-
dent computers that will open up op-
portunities for improved instruction.
The approach starts with instruction.
What is it that we want our students
to be able to do with their new "re-
quired" capabilities? Certainly they
can produce word processed papers,
but what other opportunities are cre-
Our graduate disciplines provide
one perspective. In several of our
departments graduate students make
regular use of department comput-
ing facilities to do simulations, use
interactive instructional materials,
perform computations, synthesize,
display and report results. These
tasks can be performed by our much
larger undergraduate student body
if we can assume that they have
the computing resources available to
them where they live. Departments
understand that these experiences are
critical to academic development in
The Writing Project (http: / /www.
another perspective. For three years
our freshman and sophomores have
been taught in rooms filled with
computers. Students use e-mail and
the web on a daily basis and interact
electronically both synchronously and
asynchronously. Our experience indi-
cates that students master these new
tools and environments rather easily
and use them to interact in ways that
were not previously possible.
Language learning can be enhanced
with interactive CD-ROMs. Math-
ematical and physical science students
can use tools such as matrix algebra
and symbolic calculus software to
perform a richer set of exercises than
could previously be assigned.
Social science students can access and
analyze data. Contact with students
can increase through the use of e-mail.
The web provides new opportunities
for providing access to information
produced both locally and linked from
around the world.
For students with mobile comput-
ers (laptops, notebooks and other),
the college will be constructing "ac-
cess labs" rooms with network jacks
that can be used by students to con-
nect their computers to the campus
network and the Internet. These labs
will contain no equipment. They
will merely provide opportunities for
students to use their computers while
on campus and access electronic
resources. Access facilities will also
be available in the libraries and in
But of course with these oppor-
tunities come challenges. Students
will need to learn how to own and
operate their computers and how
to arrange for repair. Students
may need to upgrade or replace their
computers during their stay at UF
Students will need to learn how to
back up their materials, access the
Internet, locate materials on-line and
operate e-mail systems. Tasks that
may require new learning now will
need to be commonplace beginning
The university has expressed
a desire to disinvest in computer
equipped classrooms. Some believe
that mobile student computers can
take the play off computers in class-
rooms. I do not believe this is feasible
in the next several years. Laptop
computers are not reliable enough
for classroom use. A room full of 30
or so student computers would be
bound to include several problems
- full hard drives, stuck floppies,
misconfigured network cards and
other nuisances that would interfere
with instruction. I think it best to
continue to provide computer class-
rooms where appropriate and rely
on student computers for out of class
The opportunities and challenges
presented by this change in the way
the university operates are enor-
mous. If you have questions or com-
ments regarding student computers,
please e-mail me atmconlon@stat.
ufl. edu. You can learn more about
student computers and the issues
surrounding them at a college web
site created for this purpose. Check
I look forward to hearing from
Mathematics in Tomography by Bernard Mair
The applications of computer gen-
erated images run the gamut from the
traditional display of maps and topo-
graphical features to the structure of
minute integrated circuits etched on
silicon wafers. The formation, repre-
sentation, and analysis of images have
therefore become a significant area of
research in many disciplines such as
mathematics, computer science, phys-
ics, and electrical engineering, thus
making it a truly interdisciplinary
subject. My current research deals
mainly with the formation of medical
images in positron emission tomog-
raphy (PET). However, some of the
mathematical techniques developed
in this research will be applicable to
image reconstruction problems occur-
ring in other areas.
PET is a procedure in nuclear
medicine used to determine the in-
tensity of internal biochemical and
metabolic processes in living tissue.
This procedure is quite different from
traditional X-ray methods, which
determine images of the internal
anatomical structure by passing high
energy beams through the patient.
In PET, these high energy rays result
from radioactive decay inside the
patient. The radioactivity is usu-
ally a result of changing the atomic
structure of simple substances such
as glucose which is readily absorbed
by living tissue. Since regions with
high metabolic activity absorb a
proportionately larger amount of glu-
"To perform research
in this area, I have had
to learn some biology
and medicine, and a
significant amount of
the physics and engi-
Professor of mathematics
cose than regions of lower metabolic
activity, these highly active regions
also result in a larger number of high
energy emissions. Data is collected by
placing the patient in a scanner which
keeps track of the number of these high
energy emissions occurring in various
regions. However, the scanner cannot
tell exactly where these emissions oc-
curred inside the body. This informa-
tion is obtained by a mathematical
algorithm that is an integral part of the
PET machine. This algorithm is able
to take the "raw data," which looks
nothing like the internal biochemi-
cal structure, and convert it into a
meaningful image that physicians and
medical researchers then use to make
diagnoses, plan treatments, determine
the health of individual organs, and do
psychological studies of the brain.
Among other things, the PET pro-
cedure has been used to determine
(a) the effects of various drugs on
the human brain,
(b) the health of the human heart,
by estimating the volume of
(c) the location and treatment of
(d) the responses of the brain to le-
sions or surgical resectioning.
PET is being used extensively to
determine the response of the brain
to various stimuli, and to map which
areas of the brain are responsible for
functions such as speech, motor skills,
cognitive skills, and memory recall.
PET provides information that is
complementary to other medical imag-
ing modalities such as CAT and MRI,
which provide mainly anatomical in-
formation. Therefore, a major emphasis
in the medical research community is
to develop automatic computer guided
methods of combining information
from the different imaging modalities
into a single consistent, aligned image
containing all the "pieces of the puzzle"
so that the physician can obtain a re-
alistic picture of the brain, or the heart,
or any other organ of interest, in a
truly active, functional form. And all
this, without lifting a scalpel or spilling
Professor of mathematics
PET is a very effective and ver-
satile imaging method, so there is
significant interest in obtaining more
accurate numerical algorithms for
use in the commercial machines. One
of the major obstacles in achieving
this is the significant deviation of
the raw data from the approximate
mathematical model used to derive
present reconstruction algorithms.
This sometimes results in degraded
images that are not able to accurately
resolve small but significant details,
especially when they are close to
regions of high uptake, such as the
A major goal of my research is to
obtain a precise mathematical for-
mulation and understanding of the
underlying model, which has so far
been only approximated numerically.
I hope that an appropriate formula-
tion will result in a new paradigm
from which more accurate, stable,
and faster numerical algorithms can
be obtained. I also develop algorithms
based on the currently adopted nu-
merical model. To perform re-
search in this area, I have had to learn
some biology and medicine, and a
significant amount of the physics and
engineering involved in PET scan-
I work very closely with two other
faculty members, Murali Rao in the
Mathematics Department, and John
-See Mair on page 9
Three CLAS Faculty Awarded 1997-98 Term Professorships
These professorships, funded entirely by private sources, allow the College to recognize faculty who
excel in both scholarship and teaching. Each will receive a one-year supplement of $5,000 in salary and
$1,000 in research support.
Herb and Catherine Yardley
Dr. Craddock, professor of English,
has been designated the 1997-98
Herb and Catherine Yardley Term
Professor. Her research focus is
eighteenth century literature, espe-
cially history as literature.
Robin and Jean Gibson
Dr. Scher, professor of political science,
has been designated the 1997-98 Robin
and Jean Gibson Term Professor. His
primary areas of research are southern
and state politics (especially Florida),
regional politics and political culture,
and voting rights.
David L. Williams
Dr. Bartlett, graduate research
professor of chemistry, has been
designated the 1997-98 David L.
Williams Term Professor. His research
focuses on quantum mechanical
description of molecular structure
--Logical from page 4
discrete problems. This includes
the basic material from Calculus
and Differential Equations. Classic
problems here are to find maximum
and minimum values of continuous
functions and to solve differential
equations It has been shown, for
example, that a differential equation
may have a computable equation
but no computable solution. We
have been working on putting con-
tinuous problems in the framework
of Pi-O-1 classes, thus providing a
uniform approach to many appar-
ently different problems.%
Fall Academic Convocation
Thursday, September 11, 1997
Guest Speaker: Lucius Barker
William Bennett Munro Professor of Political Science
3rant Awards through Division of Sponsored Research
June 1997 Total $2,777,467
Investigator Dept. Agency
St Mary, C.
CHE Abbott Lab
CHE Multiple Cos
CHE Multiple Cos
CHE Am Chem
CHE Am Chem
CHE Dow Chem
CHE Specialty Coat.
Williams, P. ANT
Moseley, M. ANT
Hackett, D. REL
Chemical sample collection.
Software research support.
Software research support.
American Chemical Society Division of Analytical Chemistry Graduate Fell.
Molecular nanostructures and their applications.
Laser microprobe ion trap mass spectrometry
Crystal structure determination.
Synthesis and production of fluorinated paracyclophones.
Private Corrections project.
A survey of member satisfaction.
52,203 Squirrel monkeys: A test of primate social evolution theory.
82,800 Dynamics of solar system dust.
Sustainability of soil fertility in reconstructed tropical ecosystems.
Young Investigator Award.
Reactive conjugated oligomers for conducting elastomers and star polymers.
Arparagine biosynthesis in normal and tumor cells.
Enhanced sensitivity NMR studies of nanostructured electronic materials.
Acyclic diene metathesis polymerization.
Ab initio based density functional methods for molecules,polymers and crys.
National resource center and foreign language and area studies fellowships.
Upward Bound Program.
The effects of El Nino on Central America.
Instruction and assessment of English language learners.
Positron emission tomography: Modelling analysis and algorithms.
Input/output optics for Ligo.
Nonlinear stellar pulsations.
Career: Mesoscopic interacting systems.
300,750 Development of a variable temperature, high frequency NMR system.
Research on elementary particle physics.
Statewide dissemination of the methods developed in model partnership ed.
Statewide dissemination of the methods developed in model partnership ed.
Project CARE (Cocaine abuse in the rural environment).
The evolution of mixed sex allocation patterns.
Captive propagation and experimental reintroduction of Schaus Swallowtail.
Impacts from red imported fire ants on the Florida grasshopper sparrow.
5,000 1997 Cerro Baul Excavation Project, Moquegua, Peru.
20,616 Fraternal orders and American religious history.
Grant support training public service program.
see Grants, page 9
--Mathematics continued from page 1
problems of broad interest."
Most mathematicians tend to work
alone on individual projects, which can
also be very rewarding. And easier to
control. Olson notes, "You have to
consider the start up costs for any col-
laborative project.", by which he means
the intellectual investment that must
be made to learn enough about wider
projects in order to bring the proper
mathematics to bear on the problem.
This can be a daunting prospect when
working with a medical team on body
imaging or with military experts in land
Currently, Olson is a principal inves-
tigator in a multidisciplinary grant
sponsored by the US Navy and its
Naval Surface Warfare Center. He
describes the project scientifically as
"an investigation of the combination
of computational detection techniques
with marked point processes to create
a robust algorithm for non-parametric
classification of hostile terrain." Land
mine detection, to the uninitiated.
Olson is more than just a researcher.
One of his former colleagues calls him
"one of the three or four best math
teachers I've had the pleasure to see
in action." Olson says, "I really enjoy
showing students that mathematics can
be both stimulating and understand-
able." Olson becomes animated when
discussing how a "difficult" subject like
math can be made more accessible for
those who do not "initially buy into this
concept." Olson appears to have the en-
thusiasm, coupled with a warm sense of
humor, to make that philosophy work.
Students may also be shown how useful
even apparently esoteric mathematics
A major new initiative centered in
CLAS, with the Department of Math-
ematics as a lead department, involves
the development of a state-of-the-art Im-
aging Center. This new faculty member
is excited about the prospect of playing
a role in the fledgling Center, one that
will depend upon interdisciplinary
collaborative research. There is no
question that the success of the Center
will depend upon such scholars as Tim
--Mair from page 6
Anderson in Electrical and Computer
Engineering and with doctoral stu-
dents Raymond Carroll (Mathematics)
and Chen Hsien Wu (Electrical and
Computer Engineering). We also col-
laborate with Dr. John Votaw at Emory
University Hospital on this project. In
fact we are preparing to test some of our
algorithms on PET data provided to us
by Dr. Votaw.
I truly enjoy the interaction between
the various disciplines that is a vital
component of this project. I try to carry
over my enthusiasm for interdisciplin-
ary research to my classes. I believe it is
extremely important for our students to
understand the motivation and possible
applications of the mathematics they
are learning. Hopefully, this motivates
students to learn the material better and
be more enthusiastic about the subject.
In addition to teaching and re-
search, I have been responsible for the
graduate program in the Department
of Mathematics, since 1996. Over the
past five years, the job market for
mathematicians with graduate training
has been evolving rapidly. No longer
can a mathematics doctorate expect
to automatically obtain a tenure-track
job in a Ph.D. granting research uni-
versity institution, such as University
of Florida. More graduates are seeking
(and obtaining) employment in areas
such as telecommunications, finance,
insurance, research labs, various engi-
neering and medical type industries,
and-not surprisingly-the computer
industry. It may come as a surprise
to many that the National Security
Agency is the largest employer of
mathematicians in this country (the
actual number is classified, but it is
a four digit number!). I believe this
change is a credit to the discipline as
it demonstrates the fundamental reli-
ance of technology and business on
mathematics and the acceptance of this
view by those in leadership. In order to
prepare our students for this changing
market, we have modified our gradu-
ate program, especially at the Master's
level to encourage our students to take
courses in other departments such as
statistics, physics, finance, electrical
and computer engineering, and in-
dustrial and systems engineering. We
have also introduced new courses in
the mathematics departments. These
include courses in wavelets, nonlinear
optics, mathematics of finance, and
medical imaging. As a result, we cur-
rently have six graduate students in
some form of internship program. Two
are with investment companies, three
are with high tech industries, and one
with the medical school. We intend to
continue modifying our program to
increase the number of training options
available, and improve the quality of
-Grants continued from page 8
Lanza Kaduce, L.
Spector, A. PSY
Shuster, J. STA
CHE Phosphate Inst 99,858 Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy for monitoring of slurry streams.
CRI Dept. of Corr. 14,500 Evaluation of recidivism among releases from privately operated prisons.
93,259 Effect of perinatal salt exposure on taste function program.
29,576 Pediatric oncology group phase I clinical trials in children.
--Musings continued from page 1
The ability to secure grant fund-
ing is so important today that we
like to give appropriate visibility
and recognition here in the College
Office. For example, each month in
this newsletter we devote one full
page (sometimes running over to a
second page) to a listing of grants
funded in the previous month. This
is more than just a recognition of
success. It is sometimes helpful to
see where others are gaining sup-
port. And in a college this large, the
funding report helps faculty know
what type of research projects their
colleagues are pursuing, sometimes
leading to useful communication
about potential joint efforts.
Primary credit goes to the fac-
ulty, of course, but it may be worth
pointing out the efforts of two
important people in facilitating
research funding. Karen Holbrook,
VP for Research, has been tireless
in promoting UF research and in
supporting major funding efforts
that require institutional matching.
Jim Dufty, the CLAS associate dean
for research and himself a funded
researcher, has worked directly
with faculty across the College in
developing research proposals, and
he does much behind the scenes to
strengthen CLAS research. Thanks
to both of them for their significant
The funding success has been
widespread in the College, but a
few departments deserve special
mention. Chemistry continues to
lead the way with a 35% increase
last year for a total of $9.5 million;
Physics was up 27% to $4.0 mil-
lion; Statistics increased 23% to
$2.5 million, Geology showed a
spectacular 133% increase to $1.34
million; Astronomy was similarly
outstanding with a 130% increase
to $1.5 million; Mathematics and
Botany had major increases to the
$500 thousand level. It was not
just the hard sciences, however,
that made progress. Anthropology
was up sharply to $443 thousand.
Other strong performers included
Romance Languages, Women's
Studies, Sociology, Political Science,
Geography, Religion, and African
Studies. It was a very good year.
An important factor beyond the
research dollars is the peer recognition
of CLAS faculty by their colleagues at
other institutions who review these
proposals and determine funding by
their ratings. What they are saying is
that CLAS faculty are producing some
of the best scholarly ideas in the coun-
try, and the rewards are following.
Mathematicians live in interesting
times. As society, science, technology,
and medicine become more complex,
they become underpinned by increas-
ingly sophisticated mathematics. The
high definition television set (HDTV)
you will soon be forced to purchase;
the fingerprint identification system
used by the FBI; the security protocols
which protect the electronic flow of
money; the CD-ROM holding an entire
encyclopedia; the computer trading of
stocks and options on Wall Street: all of
these exist thanks in large part to the ef-
forts of mathematicians, both pure and
applied. And yet, mathematicians find
themselves scrambling to justify what
they do to a society which increasingly
looks for short term profits and easily
previsible goals. Mathematicians find it
easy to blame a society in which many
people find no shame in admitting their
innumeracy, but mathematicians have
also done an abysmal job in explaining
to the public what it is they do and why
they are so important to society.
The UF Mathematics Department
has begun to expand its involvement
with the interdisciplinary activities
on campus, both in teaching and in
research. A primary example is the
department's role in the new imag-
ing science research initiative being
organized in the SUS. Mathematical
techniques for storing, manipulating,
and processing two and three dimen-
sional images have been developed in
Congratulations to a superb
faculty that is growing better each
year. The new faculty class of 1997,
some 30 strong arriving this month,
will build further on this strong
base. What an enticing prospect.
the past twenty five years which are
central to imaging science and tech-
nology. This initiative will showcase
Florida's strengths in the physical
and computational sciences, engi-
neering, and medicine. While the
department will become increasingly
visible through its growing applied
mathematics program, its pure math-
ematics program is no less important,
both for its internal beauty and for
future applications. For example, Ito's
theoretical development of stochas-
tic calculus in the 1940's is now the
practical basis for options pricing on
Wall Street. Abstract topological and
geometrical theories developed in this
century now model physics' vision
of reality. The department has sev-
eral world-renowned research groups
making fundamental contributions
in pure mathematics, including alge-
bra, differential equations, topology
and geometry, logic, combinatorics
and probability. Our challenges in
the next century are to maintain the
internal vitality of pure mathemat-
ics, to transfer developments in pure
mathematics into applications, and to
equip students with the mathemati-
cal training they will need to advance
an increasingly complex society.
The Mathematics Department looks
forward to hosting the Spring 1999
meeting of the American Mathemati-
cal Society in Gainesville.
From the Chair....
Joe Glover, chairman of the Department of Mathematics