The United States gazette
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073681/00001
 Material Information
Title: The United States gazette
Uniform Title: United States gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. 1824 Semiweekly)
Portion of title: United States gazette. Semi-weekly--for the country
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: James G. Watts & Co.
Place of Publication: Philadelphia Pa
Creation Date: April 13, 1824
Frequency: semiweekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Philadelphia (Pa.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Philadelphia County (Pa.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Philadelphia
Coordinates: 39.953333 x -75.17 ( Place of Publication )
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from Micro Photo Division, Bell & Howell Co.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 22, no. 2531 (Feb. 24, 1824)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased June 30, 1847.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 10372283
lccn - sn 84026281
System ID: UF00073681:00001
 Related Items
Related Items: United States gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : 1823 : Daily)
Related Items: United States gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Triweekly)
Related Items: Weekly United States gazette
Preceded by: United States gazette for the country (Philadelphia, Pa. : 1823 : Semiweekly)

Full Text

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i S ai U. s i the dange:'
ous scraivces of some of our naval officers
are referred to as .subjects of eulogy,
these dollars and cent geniuses, will ein-
quire whether they are not /iaid for their
naval services, and whether others might
not le found who would take their pla
ces"-these are a kind of interrogations
hat a generous mind is s-lidom prepared
to answer, although it may feel that the
praise which it meant to bestow was de
served by the object, not so much for a
mere discharge of assigned duty, as by

,* the spirit in which the enterprise was
wih- r-r\v v ~ nnr*mi iU.IPPn11fl

motives, or however ardent their attach
ment to the Constitution of the United
States, did, during the last war, bring an
odium upon tire political faith of the cra-
dle of independence. Governor Eustis
will probably be elected by an additional
majority. The mutability of public sen
timents (or public voting) is not experi-
enced in that state, to the extent that pub
lie men feel it in Pennsylvania--nor pet*
haps effected by the same means, viz.
executive power. This is, and ever has
been in this state 'a rock of offence' for
the Governor, Mr. Snvder, did indeed es-'
cape any evils from that source; not so
with his successors, they; have all pros-
trated their popularity,(we had almost said
prostituted their privileges) by their inju-
dicious appointments. This vast power of
; the executive ofthis state, ias undoubtedly
an undue influence upon elections, and

undertaken, and the manner in which it
was performed, whether in its discharge;
risks had not been incurred, that cold and
calculating prudence would have shrn lnk
from, and the service thus have lost the be
tiefit of a daring exploit and he have sa-
ved himself from the danger of loosing his
credit, which was staked upon an under-
taking, the result of which would have
been n)t private but public good \Whten
public service is faithfully and successfully
performed, and the servant, entrusted with
its discharge, evinces a devotion to the in-
terests-placed in his hands, the praise due
to him, is in some measure to be drawn
fr om, the difference of duty performed by
him, that which would have been effected
by a mere hireling, who felt no disire be-
yond imparting to his employers an equal
value for the wages he may have re,
In New York, it is often urged against

the sooner it is curtaile, the sooner sna tile clans, which the frien s of i) -
vwe return to, or arrive at, the purity of re- WITT CLINONmakef his past
iWITT CLINTON, make for his past

P.ublicani pr iiniipa.
How many of ihe vast majority which
elected Mr. Shultz, can now be found is
his interests ? in what county in this state.
are there not hundreds, who from bcing
his most ardent -t-l.p' iles, now seek
means toinjury his popularity, and ar-

fame, that he received as Canal Com-
missioner, a just equivalent in salary, for
his labour in the state's behalf.
We know not what is the exact salary
of a Canal Commissioner, or whether lie
has any at all-but we do believe that few
ilen wou nld. for 'an hnone nf gvain. have

dently look for somine new name to oppose, V VJ UU
etty look for name to oppose, borne the censure and sneers of a strong
even at this early day, to his future ele op ositi, cei 'M, nton suecte
S h g o t opposition, which 'IMr. Clinton subjected
tion. The governor of this extensive .
S Ti tinpiself to, by- Ins prosecuting the grand
'state, needs-an advisatory council; and as
design of the canal.XWe say that we do be-
he is almost uniformly selected from i
uievc that few men would have dared iei-
S nog .th liic i .f I t-he interior of _t irtl a ini :.s of censure as was thrown
~- -' -iiiitor xall the money wh6ch the
the city are frequently overlooked(, lor e
mnxst golden dreams of the friends of the
want of some person of liberal principles, c l coldeve ej te ore i
carnul could ever enjoy-y t !.e bore it all
to acquaint him with what woxald,by ser'v-
Sa i w w er- and succeeded in his labors for the public
ing the metropolis, ultimately benefit the a seceded in is lteub
good, and must ever be considered a pub
whole of the state. Should the govern good. a be consie a
r in h benefactor In reply to the offset
or in his yearly message recommend imn .
thtt Mr Clinton receive an enivnl

portant, and valuable business to the Le-
gislature, which withoutjust information
he would not be likely to do, we should
not see the ridiculous waste of public
time, which has characterized the pro
ceedings of our late general assembly-
at least, the governor might wash his
hands from the sin of it.

inaL iVL, %, Vnl I i'ec U 0va.11 a qumviLyenti
salary for, his labours as Canal Commnis-
sioner, a correspondent in the "Commer
cial Adve tiser" states positively, that
Mr. Clinton for ali his services as a Ca-
nal Commissioner and President of the
Board (for a period of 12 year) never
received a single cent of compensation.

But to return to the Massachusetts A writer in the Baltimore Federal Ga-

election, we perceive that in the vote for'
senators, a portion of the state was not
influenced by political distinctions; at-
tempts were successfully made to elect a
person, favourable to a law, ameliorating
the condition of unfortunate debtors;
whose situation in Massachusetts, is not
of the most enviable kind.
National Currency.-The subject of a
National Currency and its effect upon
public credit, and the general promotion
of industry and its consequent reward,
has been recently discussed in a few of
the public journ;als. We notice thata meet
ing has been held in the city of Washing-
ton, composed of some of the most re-
spectable citizens of the metropolis, as
well as individuals of note from various
'parts of the Union. This meeting re-
.solved,' that some Legislative inter-
ference was necessary, in the general
state of business in our country, and
t;iat such interference could in no other
way be so effectual as in establish-
ing a National Currency ; which under
pr'per regulations will give employment
to labour, a- stimulus to public industry,
and vigor to the progress of all kinds of
/ internal improyementu
To effect this desirable object, a com-
n:ittee was 'appointed to memorialize
Congress, stating the present condition of
society and requesting enactments on thief
This committee was also instructed to
open a correspondence with committees
in the different cities of the Union, and to
encourage a co operation, in soliciting the
interposition of Congreiss.

It is a question some times asked by
men of little minds,and narrow prejudices,
when the official conduct of any respecta-
S ble individual praised,--"was he not pay-

zette, complains loudly and strongly of
the present mania of his fellow citizens
for moving to New York ; he says that
merchants, mechanics, lawyers and phy-
sicians, are all going to New York-and'
he wisely hints, that the time recently
employed in investigating the merits of
an oppressive "militia bill" would have
been more profitably spent, in enquiring
into the cause of this migrating disease.

The Attorney General of New York,
at the request of the Legislature, has de
cleared, that in his opinion, the late decision
of the judges of the supreme court, gives
a right to any individual, who will take

out a coasting license to that effect, to na-
vigate the river Hudson with steam boats.
The Cincinnati (Ohio) papers contain
several instances of the fatal effects of
inhaling Ether, This mania we are sor-
ry to perceive, is travelling west witl the
same disagreeable effects that it produ-
ced in our city; two' or three deaths and
several cases of protracted pains and con-
vulsions arising from this folly, are re
coidcd in a single paper.

We learn that there have been esta-
blished by the Postmaster General, up-
wards cof SEVEN tHUNDRIED Dne post ofii-
ces, since the first of Jan. 1823.

For the United States Gazette.
On the ManufactuIr7e of Straw and Grasg
UBonnets -No. 4.
Thus we see, that although one of tIhe
two ladies who made tie important disco.
very uf the conversion of a tiative grass
into a costly bonnet, was suffered to pass
with empty p raise, by all the patriotic So-
cieties in the U States, her labours have
been made one source of national wealth
to England. and that from a consciousness
of their importance, and as a grateful re
turn for her liberality of conduct, she has
been generously rewarded by the London

FOR THE COUNTRY--Published (on T; .x- .
and Fridays) by JAMES G. WATTS & ..
the N. P. corner of Second and Walnut xtreet,x a
Four Dollars per annum, payable in advance.

The election, in the State of Massachu-
setts, has as might be expected, termina-
ted in favor of the democratic candidate.
Whatever there is of political sentiment,
in favor of what they there call federal
ism, certain it is, that a large portion of
that enlightened state, are not perfectly
satisfied with the conduct of those men,

Society \We see ai lso th, Mr ParP v r'. *.i.. tree to be introduced." or Elgypt, samples of whose gooiii co ton
one of their own countrymen, has been rhe.causingofone Leghorn hat to be kept have been received in iheJ United Statves,
cihriplimented with the large silver medal out by an English one, are ten thousand and who having lithe Ipoe',;rt. ill doubtless
for the manufacture of Leghorn plat,ffrom times more value to the country, than the accomplish that which ihe lhas decla ied
straw imported from Italy: and lastly to library of the late King, which is to rost lie wou d o, coer the earth with the
prevent all interference with home in the nation forty thousand pounds for a cotton plant from Cairo to he Cataracts
dlustry in the manufacture in question, place to put it in.' This is a much more of the Nile His fir s'linpmni nt ofseverI I
the government have laid a duty of 31 sound doctrine than the hackneyed and thi:usani bales was short time since tatred
(913 33) per doz on imported plants, and common place saying of Dean Swift, by a Manchester Coimmission house to
17s ($3 7,) a lb on the plat not made up, respecting the merit of a man in making their correspondent in 'Pilmaelphia.to b,.'
and a duty of five per cent ad valorem two blades of grass grow where one giew on the way to England. '1 ha people of
on the imported straw from Italy, before. I' will fearlessly assert in like New England, take the cotton from tlhe
The business of promoting the manu- manner, that the keeping 25.000 women south, arnd they would take a great de 1
facture of straw and grass bonnets, has and children at work. (who will be thrown more, ifCongress would increase tne dutv
engaged the attention of Cobbet, who out of employ by the destruction of the upon fine cotton fibrics, and upon coarse
has prosecuted it with his well known bonnet manufactory in New 'En.gland,) is woollenis, and justice demands that the
zeal, and ho liaslately been presented,by ten thousand times more importance to ladies ind men of the south should wear
the same London Society, through their tie people of the U;itedi States, than all the Iine grass and straw Ibonln.tts of the
President the Duke of Sussex, with a the Societies for cdoonizing the blacks, north. What a fgorious siight would it lb)
medal value 15 guineas (870.) for his fine for converting the people of India and for o1000 adies of South Carolina to ap.
straw hat mrado from British materials, i., chriistianity, or for ameliorating pear during their annual carnival in Chart
andi for his exertions in drl:awing the at- the condition of the Jews" in E.urope, and lesson, ind especially on tile race course,
tention of the British Public to the m r cax them t co the m tot oi te c to the Urited covered with them 'That w;u!ld I
nuffactur" He says very justly i thus. States, a country, which furnishes so truly an act of patriotism It xould
hands of pages of biography are filled with small i scope for tlhe indulgence of their be proper conduct in the daughters aild
deeds, more of which deserve to be men pC i; passion: and I most sincerely grand daughters of women, whose iighl
tioned on the same day with this act of regret to see amiable ladies engaging in eulogy will be pronounced by future his
Miss Woodhouse (July 19, 1823.) such comparatively useless, and certainly torians, and who during the American
The merchants of Salem, Mass. pr:>. im"/"acticable projects, when such a noble war, so nobly submitted to the greatest
bably did not know of these doings" in object as the encouragement of the straw privations, to bodily and mental sffCer
England, but they evince most clearly andl gtass bonnet manutactory, exists for ings, for the glorious cause of 6hieir
how little the enemies of the New Tariff. the exertion of their benevolent talents, country, and often supported tie droop-
are authorized in-saying, as they daily do, but remains unattended to, ingspiiits of their husbands, lovers, andl
and as they th emselves did in their mre The celebrated Einglish statesman a!d sons, in the trying scenes to which they
nmrrial to Congress against it, that the orator, 1il Windham, asserted in thi. were exposed ; and who while prison-
Satesmen of the old world are relax- louse of Commons, that 'Cobbett desert. ers in Charleston, refused to dance at balls
ing the rigour of their own systems, and ved a Statue for what he had dton in the with thle elegantly dressed British offi-
yielding themselves to' therationaldoc- U. States.' I-e referred to his first visit, cers, and accepted as partners, their cap
trine, that national wealth is best promo- in 1793; when lhe came to try his fortune tive countrymen with thread bare coats i
ted by a free interchange of commodities ,",-".r "m-. to his great exertions, to pro.. Besides, is it not better policy to make
upon principles of perfect reciirocity." mote the cause of England, and to hi this reciprocal exchange of a raw material
e first t hi, dne by Cbet. a t abuse of the French nation, and of some for an elegant article of dress, than to send
arhe firs the me gras byCoet, was tha of the greatest and best men in this coun- their money to Leghorn for hats? Cotton,
sent by Miss oodhouse to the Long. as try. Instead of erecting a statue, to him, the Leghorners do not want, tor they
Society. a then to try experiments wih he was put in Newgate. in 1810, for two raise what they require in their own
Society a ten to ty experiments th years,and field one thousand pounds to country. But the cry is, that the
other native grasse as of that country, in the King, merely for publishing'that Bri manufacturers will impose, and charge
order to see whether they would not a tih soldiers hadblen whiiped in the heart two prices if encouraged by increased
swer equally well with the American spe- of England, under a guard of. German duties on foreign goods. Such fears are
cies He says (July :8, 1823,) that he had
fous the s Jericangrass, 8 and that hut bayones His zeal in the bonnet busi- groundless. 'hie fact of the high pri.
fthend te Amerbleachedan lants ha justi ness certainly entitles him much more to ces they charged during the late war,
ithe cu anstleahed plants tofit in his a sttue from Ihis countrymen, than his po- will not happen again; and even for
little cow pastnre at Kensington, his pre
sent Mlace of residence nhe prea litical conduct, either in Fngland or the those pr,'ces a!rtapoiogy may be offered,
of resident The a grass United States; and he cannot fail of being by referring to the well known fact, that
abounds in England, & he had made some, remembered honouirably, for the source of farmers, planters and merchants always
as bright as Miss Woadhouse ever inade, ,
some of it was as fine as the hair of her wealth which he has laid open to his couni avali themselves ot a scarcity in the arti-
head "-- one of his.correspondents. a Mr. trymen. Hq says, (June 1823) "1 know c;e they have to sell, by taking as much
('larke, made som.' beautiful plat from t/cI they (the English bonnets) will go to A- as they can get. 'The cotton .planters
sweet ernalasI kaco w they will beat tle Leg- thcnisclves didl tot refuse at one time 5u
sweet ernal.grass ii. the West Indies, in South Ame. cents a pound lfo Sea Island cotton, anid
The official return of the number of rica and in 'the United States; but the 30 cenis a pi1Ond for Upaid.d: they v. ud
straw hats imported into England from thing lof all things I should like, .is to i..."} ;:' ,i .1... sums again, but the game
Leghorn, during the years 1820', ':' ,,* ,a: ,. : .n I I ,, ,' is ,puor did the lobiacco planters refuse
r^ clown to.pi A a' _. w.' -.,. .:x ;. ,--, "" in. ii-yr 8Itae jo Itt and 12)0 pe' hhd.
Tndin 1823, 3512 ,.bs. of plat were im'- ;823, he says that Ithe people% of Norfolk for their tobacco : tlncy would take those
ported. The duty upon each hat was five and -u ffolk have taken the lead in the va- sums to morrow. Such is human na
shillings and eight pence sterling, apiece u manufacture, and tile town of ture. High prices for cloths, or other
The whole amount of tuty on the above Bury St. Edmuinds is sending out teach. domestic articles of manufacture are not
number of hats was therefore $461,427 Cs to instruct the rest of the coun. again to be expected, although protected
48 f, says Cobbett, we succeed in the try. He is safe in saying that the En by duty, for tile invariable result will be,
manufacture, only think of the quantity of glish will beat the Americans, because it as long since pronounced by A. Hamilton,
hats that are wanted in South America, is probable that Congress will not follow that competition will reduce prices even
the West Indies and the United St es the example of E ngld, yc, encouraging below those of the imported article; and
otly think ofie mniid of e tin the manufacture of the article in these at the same time, the American fabric
not less than five millions of people in states. They will do what the writers of will be far better in quality than the fo
this i.x,,Jl..I big and little, wear these England wish & say they ought to do, that reign. Coarse muslins, hats,leather,chem
straw hats (Jan. 21, 1823.) lt. would is, lav no duties, and let "trade regulate ical medicines, paints, and many other ar
be no triflingdlung to take this article of itse tisthat nigt b mentioned, are in
Leglorin hats out of our customn house TThus the tables uill be completely tur. proof of both positions. Tihe abundance
books; but this is a trifle, compared to ed pon us-we first sent New England of Capital, the diminished sources for
the extension o the manufacture; to the, bonnets to old England. and she will investing it, and the zeal of our citizens,
introducing of it into houses and families; thereafter deluge us with them; and to- are all powerful stimuli to active engage-
o tile making it the mezns of employing l.
o the femaking it thoe means of employing ether with tIhe capital with which we ments in manufactures, and if the exam
ad of cing ithou t pauperism in effect supply the British manufacturers pie of the statesman of the old world was
pwortaion zed on acug of pri le. .Culbern to the great injury of our native import- adopted by tiose of the United States,
wcouraei e of certain manufaotlc hies. i ::IS, by allowing long credits on importa- of protecting in every possible way, hone
courageena t of certiveainf heanueores. tions ; ai:l by the clisposal of their flimsey industry, they would soon flourish, and
am greatly deceived if he ever encoura- omadefor au'ction.goods, at public sale on prosperity once more be restored to the
gedany thing ot greater ilportanc. to their account, will contribute to the drain country.
9ance, than thisis to Enigland' (July of outr cash from rus, and continue the Friend to iqgricullure, Commerce
9, 1823 ) chain, which the British statesmen boast, and MAlanufactures.
Now on the supposition that Cobbett, thce have entwined around the necks of
aided by the Society fori the encourage the Americans. For the United States Gazette.
nmiit o arts, andlby the governmental du- Our fellow citizens of the south, are IIRENMINISCUENCE
ty on imported Leghorns and straw plat, in particular interested in patronizing the I am rejoiced to find that the sugges-
succeeds in making good his promise to cheap American straw and grass bonnet tions I echoed, from, I believe, a Bzston
the British public, to knock up the manufactory, to enable the people of the paphr, have met with some attention, in
foreign trade in those articles in England, north to purchase their r'and staples. reference to the struggle for indepenx-
tie treasury ofthe country will be depriv- Tobacco, will not now pay for cultiva- dence. These trifles, though small in a
ed ofthis great source of revenue; yet we tion, and there is no prospect of any unit, have power in unity, and may fairly
see, the lear of this loss does not in- change taking place in the price for the be said, to have reference to the motto of
terfere with the prevailing and commendd- better: for accounts wlich may le re- our' confederation" E. Pluiibus uinum.
able policy of the government, and the pa- lied on, state, that at the close of the year The discoidant particles which corn
triots of England, of protecting home-in- 1823, the stock in EIurope amounted to posed the population of the United States
dust'y;because they know, that unless the 75,000 hi'ds.-that is i0,000 beyond the prior to the confederation, when they
poor support themselves by labor, they demand for one year. Nor can more lie were yet in a colonial state-it is at least
must be supported by the public; and ex- said for Cotton. The ply ters of .South a curiosity to refers to.
perience has taughtthem, that poverty aitd Carolina and Georgia, iughit to reflect Why I have thrown together these un-
increase of crimes aie closely connected upon the fact, that 12 vyars since when jointed thoughts it is my purpose to solve:
They also know thatit is of much more im their export of colton did not .amount to Dr Ro.e, (of Montrose, Susquehaniia
portance to provide employment for poor more than one half, (if sl much,) as that County,) some years since purchased a
women and children in England, than to during the last year, their receipts were considerable ract of land, that bordered
add to the national coffers by duties paid far greater than at presInt. Friend Crop tI upon Silver Lake, near the boundary line
for a foreign fabric, which can be made per of Liverpool, did int :ed, by a most fal of New York, in Ihe no, th western paIrt
at home; and that what the revenue loses lacious statement, ias year, induce the of our state. The Doctor ias embellished
by the cessation of the importation of the planters to believe, tha/ the supply would his mansion with more of elegance thai
bonnets, will be made up by the produce of not be equal to the deltand, and for a few durability; his souilierii expos-ure, nearly
the returns for the English bonnets ex- months, the effect wva' his receiving large all of glass, affords a pierenni.i view ol
ported, and by tlie duties paid by thle ar- consigniments, the thiig Ihe wahied,but the Flora's offspring, \ which thri.ugh the in-
ticles constituting those returns, bubble soon bII st, and now it seems, that strumentality of oxygen caused by thel
Our congress unfortunately do not ea ne rivals tie cutivalion of cotton cintldensed rays of the suing iy convex
sonutc in his plan contuna tely dona a have start? up, in the independent colo., glasses brought to a fotus, give:, to vege
sot is this plainI coIrnotn sensei.wayx; of1 : r. tii 'e
they look to is present revenue, and are lics of Sot America, and of Mexico, station, ina northirnclhiate, a prescience
indifferent to the appalling spectacle of Vwo 01: t l/ee cargoes of the article from equal to Sicily
25,000 women and children throw n out of Strata Marthu, a p I'rt to the mnorti of Car- Now plainy to my object-Dr. Rose's
employ, in consequence of time dom estic- 't."1 a, Iave been impor ted into Phila. '' recoallictions f Itlt" :nua k him ai s a
manufactures of bonnets being suspended, dehlP1i, an d solt at I7 cclts: it wvas ciscu.,tinatng writer. lThen may inot the
and by the reason of the want of a foreign "x ".R pu'cl'sehd by the spinners, being public ask of him, when leisure permits,
muarke:, and a deluge of cheap bonnets o01' an silky, at thi staple as lol;m a full dcscriplioun f that interesting por-
'from Leghorn. and tin as that of lie best Sea Island Thle tion of our state, to whose inmlpro\ cment
Cobhett very justly says that he 'is Spanist colonies, 'are our rivals at home: he has b,:ern so large a c.onttibutor ?
thoroughly convinced, that the causing of a mor distant, but no less formidable I wish the Dr's. Ren:iii.sccete the more
competitor in the lEuropean market is from this circutxmstancei lthiat lie will be
This grass is also native of the United States, that extraordinary person the Pacha of able from hiavilng been the earliest exten-
and flowers before any other in Pennsylvania, where --- srive purchaser of that portion of our
it abounds on land manured by sheep. It is the an- Conett has introduced nud sold grafts and nu- state, to give us minn,,cly details of thl *
thoxanthum odoratum of the botanists so called from merous rulclnrica applle trees into England. Rcegis- ui iucy oixtih c0 nix
its odoar when dried, ter Juls9,1823. characteristics of the aborigines-wheth-

r, :They hlave left any t;::nuks of civ'ixza-
tinn,i ani alil ihe eetera's x. which are at-
tachecd to ithe histLy l, f a niew country.
'I'The" el ant leisure" (to use a phrase.
of Mr. Dcolnie's) which Dr Rose enjoys,
reldtr'.s him peculiarly fitted for this
public beneficence, a:id surely the ims
mlediamte neigihbouirhood that responded
the notes" of Beach i oodd,' is worthy of
coltimmemoration. K.

At a commencement of the Univer'sit
of -PenrInsylvan;ia, held on Thuisday nmor-
ning, the hde.r;ee of Doctor of Medicine
was conferred on 96 gentleman.
The connxnlme'ccnenti of the New York
college was ihed on Thursday, oi which
day the degree of Doctor of Mledicii;I waF
conferred on 45 genslemen.

Mr. Jose Pytlvestcr iobclln. VCharge des Affaircs
from Ihe o'. I'rmncti of Hr:zit arrived in Washing-
toin City ai fw lays ago, in good health.

From the reports of the commissioners of
the Generald Land Office, it appears, that the
suim total of public land surveyed is 110,088-,
498 acres, of which 27,492,761, have been
sold, and 92,595,737 remain unsold. At the
niniinunm 'price fixed by Congress, these landls
vill produce nearly two-tthirids more than the
vwh'ii atnlount ofourt national debt, and tle
quantity, already in market shews that it needs
no atldition, either from Indian purchases, or
surveys run through a wilderness.

Vtilhcrford, the Prophet, died near Montpe-
lier in tile state of Alabama, on the 9th March
last. This celebrated Indian warrior, *led the
hostile Indians to the attack upon Fort Mims,
in 1813, which resulted in the massacre ofnear-
ly four hundred men, women aidl children; and
afterwards voluntarily and dauntlessly flung
himself into the hands of General Jackson, and
demanded his protection.

The following address was delivered by the
Rev. John Stanford, A. M; in the Bridewell
yard, on Friday morning 2d1 inst. before the
officers of justice &c. preparatory to the exe-
cution ofJolmn Johnson.
Fellow Citizens:-This morning we are as-
sembled to witness thie execution of the sea..
tence of the law of God, and of our country,
upon an unfortunate creature, for the horrid
crime of murder. Though painful to assert, it
is a fact which cannot be denied, that our city,
as it increases in population, too much abounds
in vice and immorality. Murder is the greatest
criminal offence which possibly caun i_ --,-y,
emitted, wxheheer ag i n t oi nian. It is
assuming the rights of the Majesty of Heaven
by violently taking away the life of a fellow
creature, which none but God can give, anid
which thie murderer cannot possibly restore;-
an;d while it deprives the public of ausefui citi-
zen, the criminal act of'the murderer hurries
the soul of tlie victim into eternity, prepared
c ,...J nw *. :. -, h .. J ... r ..._;t e-
i ..:' .. ... ':. r l. .' i m alig,
nant is the atrocious crime of murder!
Unless the act of murder be committed from
a principle of premeditated revenge, it usually
proceeds through the two great avenues of in-
toxication or of covetousness. By the fiery
draught, the mind loses its constraining tone-
reason is p-ostrated, and the man becomes ca-
pable of committing that offence which may
produce his own mise.iy.
The unfortunate person, now a qpectfale be.
fore you, confessed to me, i I ..
nruxnk, Ishould not have killed the man." Take
warning', therefore, my fellow citizens, and be-
ware of the sin of intemperance, which has be-
come a glowing evil, is a source of crime, and
too frequently destroys the happiness of fami-
lies. This poor miserable criminal, discover-
ing the bags of money in the chest of James
Murray, coveted them for his own use, and
committed the murder intentionally to conceal
his theft. Take heed, therefore, and beware
of covetousness, and be content with such
things as ye have," lest, by overeaching your-
selves, before your are aware, you ixhlit down
the precipice of destruction! It is most devout-
ly to be wished, that Providelce may overrule
the present awful exhibition of justice, by ma-
king it ail effectual warning to every class of
citizens, and so produce the most desirable
moral reformation.
My poor fellow sinner! what can I say to
you? Solemn and dreadful is your prospect of
an immediate dcath. Whatevermay be the pub-
lie opinion concerning your case, I most ear.
nestly entreat you to penetrate tile secrets of
your own breast, and make such a confession
as your God mxay read at his final judgment.-
Look to that blessed Saviour, who alone can
pardon your crime:, through the shelling of
his own blood upon the cross, and g-rant you
peace wilt your offended God. Whether you
already enjoy a sense of such mercies, or lnot,
may the compassionate Redeemer, meet with
you on your way to death; and, in yo :r last
moments enable vou to commit you're departing
soul into his hands for a blessed immortality.
That ti e God ofgrace tmay prepare this dis-
tressed Ian for his last conflict in death, and
sanctify this event for the nioral bencit of our
community, let us offer our p'raycr at the
Throne of His mercy.

HICHE ND, iharch 281h, 1834.
(Gen.tl!emen-lf youl think the in.w specei'
ofgaclinblagt whclhl has been pIlrailsi'd lately
i I ii'ta '. w ll b: intr restirg to your readers
eun xill obhge mi" by giving it a plaee in
ycur iaper. II w'ill slio' to xvhat m 'n w'ill
rM-xrl x r ax ehadt Jn;xlaw h fai ei leind. Trrivela
Iiig som .- shot ttir!e since, in Virginia, I
sitpil it ;a PIuil'e House in Bnriinswick c(u:n-
tv hliern I toxii s'v'rxl '. untry bxxmpkms
pluyini Plusih Pins fur money. Afti r play.
lix fI'r soxii ilimex, on of lthe coihpx y
|in t(>)ix er b lx pxiy a gearxe in u." iic
ll ('1oni'' ed li play Iis g..,in ll' S knew
how. lhx s:al it was e..!' b F'ly .Loo and
u .s pixynd in the fnilxnx g ]! ,: c ixiz :
I1l cxilled fir a sugar dish, iland gav ach
in. xi a hintip I lig ,r. t.ictl t:xi Irut ulhxx.n
Isls inluiilxy anilt his 'iunxp o fl' su i Ir. The
uxat lli vln s hlnirp a 'fly first nhghllid
',r xlli siweeil thte ..x;de! s. -ft.'r pilayinx
"(uine tilil l i it ir0 cr 1o' the ni:txei- xsked
thet coitu)|aIly to eIxf'tCu e rin .l 1".;\ ;i.ixllfrtas.
anid iook his liniuI) Ount vitt liin, Afir be-
tiug out tx'o or li'ri' irixii'lu .- l i' xx dn
lia'iing i h, .ild u's la ump i.i fish brimne .,.x. non
.'very stuk. His lnump astratetiiu thuiS lle
y uts odironferous smell.


'.a U .- ."'-*'*-*""""'"' bitary law in favour of virtue and indu
W try-yes, it is tte cause ofviR.TUE. Ye
published by JAMES G. WATTS & Co. we repeat it, &E wx e hope it will reach tho
il ihD a r whose examples will have weight, that
Daily Paper Eight Dotlars--Cfountry Paper threee -
times a week) S e Dollars-Do. twice a week IFor give employment to an indigent virtuo
Dollars per annum. female is to remove her from the tenm
PHIZJAD.EXPHI.A- station to vice. We do not suppose th
S TUESDAY MORNING, APRIL 13, 1821. the openly vicious are to be reclaine
....-. .----. but we do believe, nay we assert, that vi
We invite the attention of our readers ay be reventerlby encouraging indu
-to the communication in our columns, try. 'The devil,' says the Spanish pr
(the fiftil number of which is this clay verb, 'tempts the wicked person, but tl
published) upon the subject of the Ma- I person temptl the devil ,
ufactoring of Straw and Grass Fats in It is notfor the profit and virtue of tI
our country. They are furnished by a eastern stes, where straw plaiting h
gentlemen whose means of information, been most frequent,that we plead, is it f
and whose devotion to the public good every state, but for our own in particular
give him a claim to a respectful hearing. in this city, tie introduction and encou
To all this subject is of interest, but to agementofthe manufacture of grass an
the thousands in the east-crie states who straw hats, would be one of the great
have gained a living, and tens of thou acts of public beneficence that could t
sands in the middle and southern states p)erformed--and the neglect of such a
'who might earn a competence, by this attempt to secure the benefits of this en
branch of manufacture, it is of the utmost ployment to the industrious endigel
importance. This is one of the branches females of our city, is a stain upon th
of domestic manufacture against which lair escutcheon of our reasonable philan
the charge (in some instances perhaps thropists.
correct) of viciating morals cannot be --
brugiht.--the work may be performed at For the United States Gazette.
the istic fireside, by the me e On the Mlanufacture of Straw and Gras
the (ime~stic reside, by the member's of Bonnets --No. 5.
the family as well as, and perhaps better, the contradicB'
when than the laborers are congregated in tn of e actual fact of the assertion i
tion of the actual fact of the assertion in
a large factory. the Salem Mertchants' Memorial, tha
I Industry is not alone the parent of 'the Euro/iean owners were relaxing their
w- alth, it is the preserver of virtue ; and restrictionss on Commerce.' Dr. Cooper
whii- decent and c' editable employment in his lte m eer p
is take from the hands of our females, byiis la pa t t t ari
ise encouragement given to foreign la plies a similar remark, particularly to
Sweeioura ementn b rprie that the ministry and parliament of England
bilrs, we should not be surprised tha It is somewhat singular, that a man who
idleness,and a want of the proper means of
p rinId a-lv d sn has been so often before the public ofEn
procuring a livelihood, send the unpro-
'tectd Iresort that virtue has no dic- gland and the United States, as a control
tect o.versial writer, should risque a position
station i. noen which he knew to- be fallacious, and thut
We dIo mnot profess ourselves friends to
,nf furnish his opponents with an argument
the Tr T bill in extenso; but we presume ish his nes ih an
against the cause he defends.
that there are few persons who do not,
appove of some part of its provisions So far from the assertion of Dr. Cooper
e t being true, that not only the ministry
and we think that nothing can be more
Stat parliament, but private men and societies
proper than, a suitable encouragement
re tha a suite encouaemen are unceasingly upon the look out for oc'
to this particular species of idustry.- casions to alter the existing duties upor
T' Weave sen hlie ff-t,r of straw plaiting, .. ,
'f strw ai foreign articles, which cal in the leas
upon who],- villages, -in what the toils, of
pon o villages,in w e possible way affect the home industry of
the laboure and sc uirly production of his their fellow subjects. They seldom require
ur-;:l', l,,d had merely aff,,rle.l.-..h an existing duty, lowered, but often ask
Sl.,rs ncces.iti.s oi a nrnerous family, to have it increased, or for a new one to
i. poor .,,s certain endowment; t beimposed onn an alicle.-before free-
gil'.. as ney. aecqu;r. d v.-a r' an.] Iienu-th, Theboardoftrade arepai ticularlycharged
have been sent to the metropolis to seek i t, tS. F I D
"a ic-laiir,] service wheie temlll:,lton an4
a me i service, where templaion and r .and they attend to ii ilth a z.i .1and vi-
- '-"- .n 1.ii the!i; d iatd the parents too of ncethat do ther tle hiihest hoono
ten l't io mourn c er ti wre'.-k ofvi.- No sooner do they find outt an article re
e, which thiir pe i) could ne.lri qaiing an increase of duty, than a law is
pr '- 6:"t. nor remedy. We have, wesay f qtoti wrng
S nor remedy. We. have, we ay bought forward by the minister to do
sedn the effect of'straw plaiting upon such theydeemed necessary; ad pr
S'6 m i thepdu iI .b What they-deemed necessary;, and parlia
f.mlii. the piodrucion of the labourers mentrelying upon their judgment, seldom
lacd, affo ded the materials for his daugh United Stte ought
ters' ind(ustrvy; the careful mother couldfail to pass it. The Unid ate ou
watch over her children' conduct, and I to.have such a board, in place of leaving
seae hec o w examples and receipts the business to the Secretary of the Trea,
inee o ne respectability and vi sury, who cannot have time to attend to
ring competence, respectability and vir it, and moreover nay be incomt/etent to
tu rto her family. These fireside lesson, n o o
tue te f y. T e rs the task, .or ea rful of doing what may
this labour of the domestic hearth are the a
make hint unfioftularg and affect his pre-
true sources of individual respectability ake him uar, and affect his pre-
tlu so i for Wh n a rep bll- tensions.to the presidential-chair.
Said piubl-. wealth, for whatii a republic.
can Yover nment, is a national blessing, if The last British tariff of 1819, shews.a
it tie not the promotions of individual hap- detriniatrn to pursue their restrictive
iness.I. system to the former full extent; none of
Th'eint;oduction of Leghorn hats has the old duties are taken off,but many ad
agan paraysed the exertions of the in editions are made,, and that there might be
again paralysed the exertions ot the in
dustbious,fomales, and families that once no possibility of missing revenue from
enjoyed the.neatness and comfortsflowing any thing brought to England, that no-
If om .the cob6petence which the aggre- thing might escape, it is ordained that
gate industry of each individual af- all the articles not particularly mentioned,
forded, are again reduced to those incon- shall pay a duty offfty er cent--even
veniences and dangers, to which we have eggs pay a duty.* Can any thing be more
alluded. We shall. make ourselves un. plain, or decisivuofthe opposition offact
derstood by our eastern readers, when we to the position of the. Salem memorial,
say, that the manufacturers of straw hats, iad oi Dr. Cooper Do we not see that
are now compelled to supply the defective since th publication of t last
of a broke' window, by the remnants of tish tariff, they have laid in 1822, a new
duty upon Leghorn hats of 813 33 per doz.
the wardrobe which their former industry duttyupon Leghorn hats of 333 per doz
purchased; this is an argument with those another f 37, on .plat not mache up,
.who remember something of the country andeen a duty of fle per cent ad. valo-
habit of New England, of counting a rem, upon IMPORTER STRAw? To talk
....l i.. t ;nf las ;,n h1; of our relaxing commercial restrictions

- ra llv ea 1 y I lej pan It pals U i
house, and calculating his poverty, by the
number of that kind of substitutes to
which we have alluded
n former times of greater public pros-
perity, the exertions of the head of the
family, were sufficient to give, not merely
support, but ease and competence to nu-
Rmerous dependents, and least of all was
it.found necessary for females to resort
to any immediate means of adding to the
'family revenue. The times have changed,
and the fathers of families which are not
- tucked with wealth, look, without any di-
"linution of respectability, to their daugh-
te.s.s ilnlustry, for a contribution towards
that fund from which her miaintainance.is
drawn; no means more eligible, none mose
within the reach of female,-anid none
more suited to their habits and system,
can be found than the braiding of straw;
and we trust that if the Congress of our
country neglect to secure this means of
industry and competence to our females,
that fashion will for once; exercise its ar-

after thesefacts, is an insult to com-
mon sense.
It is unnecessary to quote instances of
similar conduct in otherEuropean powers,
to prove what is here asserted, as Mr.
Carey has quoted several of them in his
numerous and useful puhlications,to which
I refer all those who doubt the fact, or
who wish to be'informed on the subject.
The British nation it is acknowledged
cannot cultivate grain as cheaply as the
,people of the Continent, and hence the
landed interest in England, after their late
war, were clamororus to. parliament for
a protecting duty on foreign, grain, equal
*From a late English Paper. -
Foreign Eggs.--The ollowingg is an account of
the number of foreign eggs imported into Great Bri-
tain in the year ending 5th of January, 1823, (at a
duty of 10d. per 120) distinguishing the countries
from which the same were imported, with the amount
of duty received thereon:
Denmar 240
Holland -- 120
Flanders 949,26
France 49,425.124
Guernsey and Jersey 209,278
Total quantity imported 50,64-1,025
Amount ofDuty received 1.17,587 16s.

is- to the burdens borne by the grower of out certain foreign goods. A nation rith- at'night, and extilguishei in the morning. a t rriarosi x ITY, April n0.
es, corn in England. Accordingly an act out a tariff, would have no .more chance As or suno and loha f, hfe said, they of wee The vote which rasetake yesterday ii
num.v'ous, and Ihat differ,. ciii iiates of the the House of Representatives, for i du,:l'
se was passed to prohibit the importation of of existence, among the nations of the earth were accommodated ith distinct the proposed duty on iron fr4m one dollar
to wheat, barley, rye, or oats, until they world, than a bank would have of preserv- sets. oThe great Ataxagoras the' preceptor and twelve cents per cwt to ninety cenl .
of Socrates and Pericles, was among the no we understand. jeollardizs the whole h,!t
us reached certain prices at home. The ing its solvency, that redeemed its bills ted astronomers and rosngogonists of his for a revision of the tariff of duties on ini-
p- maximum price for wheat was fixed at 'with gold orsilver,while all other banks in time. A crying to him, lhe firnm-n' -il is ports. WVith this amendment of the bi!,
the same city or country with it, were an arcli ositone, thie sun is ani intlaiiniible some of its- wrest friends become its l a
at for the quarter of eight bus he same city or country with i, e body but as large as the ancient Pelopon ponents,or at least indifferct to it. 'i e
d, els, and when it rose to that, thepoils permitted to suspend their cash pay ne-sai, and the stars are stones whirled, up fate of the bill is thereforenow more doujl-
ce were to be opened for foreign wheIt,: ments. The position applies with proper froin thi e s n'ficet f the earth Iy the swift- ful thian ever.
...upon a du.ty paid.So i tiloeo noness orf the eirieIrnanmbibftc air. which set The nbolishmnent ofImprisonment for Debt.
s. upon a duty being paid. Sonie aeir. tional force to a nation, the domestic in- -thmn on fire. and gave them a circular mno A great pliriiple triumphed in the Senate
o- political economists have contended forl dustry of which is only partially protect- tion. Diogenes was riot satisfied with these yesterday,and the-day will be remembered
IIthe unrestrained or to heri-.s. He declared tht' stars to be hot as one of the brightest in its history. 'That
he the unrestrained freedom of the corn ed, or to a bank paying part in cash. purnic,, stnes,originally lixed in the sphere enlightened-body yesterday gave- its fiscal
trade: but every attempt made by them The prosperity of both will be restrained of the heavens, and serving as lamp's ii the sanction to an act, which we.venture to say,
ie in parliament to effect that object' has in a direct ratio to the unequal footingin n git gut chiefly dsitnrp-l as breathing holes will comm and the applause of the country
of the world. Oilwr philosophliers atlirncd, and acquire f,,r the body itself a durable re.
as failed. No longer since-than the 26th of which they are placed, with respect to that the sun was globular and hollow, cAn nown. One branch of the national ,Legiss
or February, 1823, Mr Whitmore moved other nations and banks. This is an taking fire within, which Irodiuced light by lature has, at length, said, that Debt sba'
rea n irttreaniin out through a cavity on one side. nn longer be considered criminal; that the
ir, for leave to bring in a bill only to amend aphorism in political economy supported When this cavity was stopped, thie sun was dungeon shall rio longer be the portion of
the cornlaws, and was powerfully sup- by the experience of ages. eclipsed. the honest debtor. The bill which has pas-
id ported by the late Mr. Ricardo, a man of Aristotle believed the universe,sun, moon, sod is necessarily qualified and guarded; it
d por Ricardo, aman of A end agriculture, Comnerce stars, the oarlh, man.animals, plants, and gives no imimuinity to fraud, and it contains
st the greatest weight in the house on such and Manufactures. all things else to be eternal, having always the requisite checks to shield its benefits
ie subjects, but the dnot d. existed in the same general forms asat pre- from abuse; but the senate has substantial
e subjects, but they oul not succeed.- Forthe United States Gazette. sean. 'The business of the world-making, ly and formally, declared against Ithprinci-
in The object was to lower the present We were under the impression that by therefore, he deemed a gratuitous iork.and ple of Imprisonment for debt; it has trod-,
n- limits at which the exportation of grain this time all the editors in the Union, and unworthy of a philosopher. Burret has a den down and trampled nnder foot one of
long chapt r to confute this notion of Aris the last remnants of Feudal and Roman bar-
nt could take place, from 70g.to 60s. and particularly those of Philadelphia, knew tolle that the world is eternal, and to prove barismn, which the force of education and(
e to repeal the cltty upon its hITportation. that Mi. Joseph Hawkins is really the the science ofcostnogony not to Le of such habit have been able successfully to uphold
SMinisters and the famcrsdo not wish the inventor of the new mde ofgenerating rifling moment,as the Stagyrite would hiave until now against the spirit ofthe age. We
inventor o the new ode of gene t. But he was too much interested. in the cannot doubt that the concurrence of the
aubjectlegislatedupon,"'rfearofthemnove steam. It has already been sufficiently subject to be an impartial reasoner, as will other Branch.wil render the overthrow of
nt ending i giving encouagements to affirmed that Mr. H. obtained isate sen hereafter. I Plato's system, ideas this anmaly in our system complete and
ent ending giving affirmed that Mr. H obtained his att, andforms only existed from eterniiy, ad perpetual.
Sthe free introduction of foreign grainat the 14thiofJune,1816; thatin 1817 he for- the world and all substantial things were Ourpleasure, we confess, would have been
low prices; and. yet in. the. face of such med a company in New York, at the head made, by uniting these ideas and forms to greater, had this philanthropic measure re-
S' matter. Many are the deep speculations ceived a more unanimous consent. We have
uniform conduct, we har of fine speeches of whichwas GeneralSwift, fo the pur- scattered trough the aniets concerning however, the satisfaction to know that its
n from ministers and their adherents in pose of bringing his invention into prac the origin of things, the soul of the wild, opponents, generally, were not averse to the
t parliament, and at public dinners, in favour tht ic and the mundane egg. One sect believed bill on principle but because they thought
P ta d t uical tt tie machine ws con the Deity himself to be the universe, and as the scheme imperfect ; and many ofthem,
r of the great principles of commercial structed, but prevented from being em- Ite as the thirteenth century the body of we further know, are so far 'from approving
freedom": and against restrictions, pe in aboat, b the ivinson ad the poor Amalric was dug up arnd burned, of imprisonment for debt, that they are the
S d i. t, played in a boat, by the Livingston and on suspicion of his having abetted this tenet warm advocates of the still higher measure
Sand about reciprocity in trade," &c. &c. Fulton Company. We have positive in hi lifetime. Tile Persians had their of relief, a general system of Bankruptcy.
o and we find their writers supporting the, proof that about this time, Mr. Perkins Oro"mdes and Arinianius, a good a.id evil Of this. as well as the object of the bill whicn
same sentiments. I is easy to tal and in-le, engaged in perpetual contention, p based the Senate yesterday,, we have be, a
1. same sentiments. It is easy to tal and went from Philadelphia to New York, for till MAlhras calmed their rag-. and set them the humble bat constant supporters. On
D write thus, but as their actions contra- the purpose of obtaining a knowledge of at work in forming a world. The Egyptians, the subject of the expediency of a system of
* diet their professions, we mur.it expose the invention, and when satisfied of its Ilindoos, and Chinese have not baen defici- 'Bankruptcy, we have differed from many
t i a ent in sehemes'and theories of cosmogony. for whose opinions we entertain habitual
, their insincerity. The expression is not practicability and usefulness, formed the The Epicurean plan, which has mad' respect : but in our attachment to it we are
n very dignified to say that the Irr.ish aree project of going to England, where he much noise in the world andi seems to have incorrigible. It rejoices us to see this bene-
Srdae been for some time a sort of thriving heresy ficent measure even in part accomplished.
s endeavouring.by such language,: to third has taken out a patent for it, and where among the ancients, received its first ele- Should the Congress in its wisdom ever
t snuffinto the eyes of the .e.'er of t/ie he may enjoy the profits of it; but the mients from the genius and labors of Leu- couple the other part with it, in the laws of '
rest of the world, to blind them, but the oartiality of a few friends can give him cippus. Tis philosopher invented the doe. the Republic, then, indeed, shotild we ex-
So e t i, b h partiality oa ew ends can give trine of atoms, or original particles of mat. pect the nation to rise up and call them
r idea conveyed by it applies so forcibly, neithlir the honor of the invention,nor the ter, indivisible and indissoluble. out of which blessed.
the earth and all trrestrial things were,
,that it could not be withheld. The mer- right of patentee here; and consequently mahe ear advanced but a r al estep, how- [COMMUNICATION.]
s chants of Salem and Dr. Cooper, are all that has been said relative to purchases ever. in moulding these materials into The following was copied from the
willing to believe the British sincere on of his patent right on this side of the At- system, for when Denocrius imbibed the Political Examinerof March 3Ist, Frede-
sthe subct for te uote what the Brientiments of Leucippus e found the e. ricktown, Maryland.
Sthe- subject, for they quote what the Bri. lantic is merely a false report. Messrs. tire mass of his predecessor's particles in a Subject to a painful and protracted
t tish say, asan argument against Congress Hawkins & Plantou are the only persons state of unutterable confu-ion, and desper disease under which I had laboured for
f protecting home industry by increased to whom applications can be made for afe warfare To oe, ght into this aR s many ye.'rs, arl which had nearly depri-
of contending atoms, and give rule to their ved me of every erjovillet thilis side the
v duties on certain imported.articles. Now, that purpose. Any one not satisfied with wild disorder, Dnortus derived it e gravein hopes of obainin elie, I
thecase applies forcibly to the United this assetid ssarv to impose wholesome restrictions gavn h hopes o obtaining relief, I ap-
.thease applies forcibly to the United this assertion may call and see ftor them- and dfinite laws. He laid it down as an plied to some of the most einent physi,
arid difintte laws. He''laid it down asan plied to some of the most eminent physi-
SSteies. England as regards the cultiva- selves. Mr. Hawkins's patent will be axiom, that-- first magnitudes, as he cans in the United States, but unfortune.
tion of grain is precisely in the same shown to any one who wishes to inspect called then, were eternal; and, also, that ately my disease seemed to be one that
: situation with the continent, that the it. from eternity all these particles had posses. was not to be cared by the votariesof Es-
sed a uniform motion, eactl in the ssime d'- culapius; hearing this fromin many emi
Ulied States areas to herselfip thebusi- Editors throughouttheUnion friendly to the cause action and with the same velocity. husi il,, ty qualified to jude, I gave myself
of truth, are particularly requested to give these ob- meete, I gave myself
ne so manufacture. The greater hep operations a insertion req edtogive thse ob- prepared, he commenced the great work of up, this world with all its cares and ca
Sne-- lar, living, anl t.eir wi l:r constructing a world; but how far he actu lamities, and calmly reigr,, dl nry'elf. nd -
hulie ,d l om it hailer' i, c,-c ,.i d -
fihl foi agriculture, enables the peopll ...' .en. .. ..itiut tf ihAn I'-," .I-iu f .dt li oie su Lo D .uoun.y will tur h thyilt .
the continent to undersell the Britis; rican Rview, contains a notice of a work vanityv of mankind, allowed him leisure to clone. .
they are therefore prevented fiomn bring .entitled, abstract t of a New Theory of prosecute his task with suitable diligence In this situation when all earthly
Sal t the formation of theLarth," by Ira Hill, we. have no inoans of bing informed. hopes appeared gone, fortunately I heard
ing grain to England, until she is all but The merit of complete the sruurebe. ofa me ine prepared n ildelphia
starving. England by her greater ex A M M. Hills the gentleman whom longed to Epicurus, a philosopher renowned y Swam, which had cur cases
perience,comparative cheapness of manu* we mentioned some time since, as having fr his brilliant genius, his exemplary vir, similar to my own. This information
factur.ing labour, arising from the use of petitioned Congress for aid in laying out tues, and genileness of manners, although caite to me as glad tidings, andI lost no
u l masy of his follo" era added little credit ei time in sending direct to Mr Swaim(I say '"
machinery, low wages, and the poor diet what he called a geographical garden. ther in prinsciles or conduct to the name ,f direct to Mr. Swim because I was also in-
of the workmen, and above all, from the We were not then aware that he enter tneir master. Hfe contrived to bridle the formed that spurious imitations of his me
inferior East India cotton used, and the tainted any new opinions of the formation roaming atoms and subdue m to his pIei- dlicine were offered for sale by several a-
flims texture f the stuffs made from it of the earth-pehaps he was anxious to in the axiom of Democritus, which ascribed othecaries, and others who style them
fimsy texture o e stu de puts theory in practice ad see how an equable motion to the atoms and sent elves Cemits) and shortly receive
and from wool,* are enabled to undersell r them forward in parallel right lines Thus two battles. .Astonishing to relate, I had
the Americans, whohave not all yet got- he could succeed in making little Earth situated, they must move forever without not taken iiiore than half bottle before
the Americn, wohav e not all ye of his own. coming in contact. This was a fatal blow I found great relief: animated by this, L
ten the improved machinery, and make The Editor of the "North American to the whole system, as n, either a world, nor persisted in its use, and found in a shot
strong stuffs from good cotton; and eatany part of a wold, eld rise into exist time my health completely restored, and
strong aStUffStfromgic ortton;t imand eat Review," introduces his trnarks upon once except by a concussion and coales I now thank Providence, for the timely
butterand met tic or three times a the work in question, with the followip cnce of thseprimval atoms he fer. notice given me f this invaleale
tile mind of Epicurts easily overcame this dticie. g i
day, instead of once a week or.once a learned display of some of the theories ple mind of Epicurl easily overcame this nt e e
month, in place of a daily diet of water parent obstacle. He fond out, that, notin-
m h in pf W r which have been previously adopted. withstanding the particulars moved in right I was one of those who had no faith in
porridge, 'sowens,flummery,or potatoes; An Abstract ofa New Theory of the Formation lines, yet these lines were not parallel; and quack medicines, yor indeed am I at all
although American workmen are content- ofthe Earth. By Ira Hall, A. M. Baltimore,1823. .hoi ever small the angle in which two or changed on this point; Iam, however, far
pp. 211. more particles were unoving toward each o- from regarding Mr. Swaim's Panacea utn.
ed with very small profits, yet the great From the days of Sanchoniatbon down to other, they must at last meet. der this oenomation It is only re Lon-
importance of the command. of cash to the the present time, inrgei ious men have been It is nly
much given to the amusement of world Here the concourse began; two united mended in onte class of diseases, all essein
British manufacturer, induces hiim to sell making; and the number of those, who have particles soon met with a third, and a gene- tially the same, whereas in the case of a
'his goods in America for what le can ob, found pleasure in this occupation, seems not ral confusion ensued. Age after age rolled quack medicine, we have it recommended
ta fence te manfactue in to have been lessened by the increasing light away before Ih syniptois of harm, ny ap as a cure for all diseases, as diametrically
ain.of science an philosophy. ''he discovery pered in any part; millions of combinations opposed to each other as possible, and re-
United States, require the same protec- of new truths has raliher multiplied than di were gone through; the war was furious and quiring the most opposite and diversified -
tion in the way of duties, to enable them ninishd tie difficulties of those undlerta dreadful; the iaginatioo has no power to odes of treatment; moreover, I am mo
tionings and served only to bring more con- conceive the number of'objects, the variety rfuly strengthened in my post
to compete with Britain, that England rageous champions into the field,by height olfoirms, which arose and perished in te powerfully strengthened in my position
does for heragriculture against the cheap- eninig the glory of triumph; as the renowned strife of these chaotic elements. But the from tle facts that Mr. Swaim's mec.i-
i knight f La Mancha was stimulated to un, timnecame when one particle after another cine is used in many of the public hos-
er cultivation of the continent. Untor- trii exploits in proportion to the hazard found its appropriate plae, its sympathy pitals in this country and in Enland, as
tunately, mary of our i :,'i-l:itlis think anil uncertainty which seemdil to await Ili zing particle and then began to appearthings also that it is recommended by all the
otherwise, and from an. ungrounded ap- ad co i iured more easy at regular shape nd consistency Tes first medical men in this country,amongt
Sotherwise,task nu be i ied more easy at atoms were of all foirnrs; some wire round, whom are professors Chapman, Gibson,
prehension that foreign commerce will be first, than lihat of constructing a globe like others cubical, triangular, hooked, cellular. Mot, &esors apman ibon,
ruined, oppose any alteratn in the our earh; it was reduced oa sort of mathe. The ooks clenched themselves into the Evey means have been used
.rui nechm, mtuatical problem,-' matter and motion be. cells, and in this close contact formed hard very means have been used Ay the
present tariff, the absurdity and inconsis ing given to make a wrll So tractable substances, rocks, precious stones, and me, professors of chemistry in the medical
tency of which liave been amply detailed and accommodating was this problem, that taIs. Atoms of irregular forms combined colleges both here and in Europe to find
by Mr. Carey. 1We eagerly copy the it yielded with the utmost reaclines to the into substances ofditffrent densities, as clay, out by analysis, how this medicine is pre-
plastic mathlematics of the wornder-working earth,soil; and laht of all care the globular a- pared, without success. Can it then, I
follies and fashios of England and France, cosmogonist. \Vorlds sprang up sroind touis ihich constituted water and other flu- would ask, be possible for a few untaught, .
but carefully avoki the sound sense they him at his bidding, and he had only to sit in ids, and can only be kept on tlIe earth by ignorant and uiprlncipledl apothecaiie s
but carefully avo the soun sense y tranquil admiration of the workmanship of resting in cavities. hus the globe, trees rediscover what has afprncpled apothe skill ries
often exhibit, andmost conspicuously on his hands. Among the modprns, Descartes plants, animals, and all terrestr al things toescov the rhost has baffled t skill ofic
the present subject. We hope however has been the most successful in solving pro- were brought into being. They continue so, e a the tost able and scientific
forahange in sediment, and to see the blems of this description. By his because in this state the atoms maintain a chemists in the world? I would there-
for change in wseiitent, and to see the 'Wild rule harmonious union, which the ordinary force fore advise the public to be on tlicir
day, when domestic industry will be duly Of whirlingvortices and circling spheres,' of ifiinfging atoms cannot dissolve. guard int Iurchiasing Mr. Swaim's medi-
protected It is no\ for the United States he constructed the earth,thie planets,the sun cine, for if they suffer themselves to be
toand setthhe example otise heavens; an after sueh prodigies of imliposed upon by these unprincipled men
toset theexample th is commercial free- xeention, wht-re is the wonder, that ho Education is strangely neglected in they may have season sorey to repent,
dom, about which the people of England should affirm it to beilhintheucmpassof is some parts of our country. If the sparse when alas! too late, the deception practi
talk Let the governments of Enrope pniter, haviing a quantity o'f matter and ness of the population prevents the estab- ced on their credulity
take off heotiin restrictions, aide vl t iti to produce a) anrrimal?' It is true, lishment of Schools, s ICly parents might, fi'ind to suffering.huanity
take off their restrictions, ande will not thie worthy Dr. Kill's indignation as kin without losing any valuable tie, each uerinhumanity
object to do the same but -, i,Alc r un di'd at the boliin ss of the philosopher, and nd write. We have 'he schr. C et Capt. Dean, 5 days
w would attends withoe unlimited o o e pro r no r just seen, in a North Carolina paper, a co. Rc On da;rid at Boston on w-
reign eoonds without duty, nor ca we be nifilence he could trtemid to solve so in py of the presentment of a Grand Jury p,,,,,, .;..t i ..... ap

Isaid tobe upon a fai- footing wit tIem o ric-te a problem, who blund.iredl so -ImicI of Edgecomb county, coriceriling public Rush selred an axe, wounded a mblc 'an, named
id to be upon a fir iotn thie easI:st and miost .b-htracteid things in nuisance, to which six outot the eighteen commenced cutting away the-.aiinast,
as respects protection to ianu ctures., iare?' V how little reason this serve re jurors signed their marks, instead of broke, thne camboose, e&. Thwnnesee
until our workmen are enabled o keep censure is iiilictted, let the wise and consid- their proper names! The Foremnan of being in co. and near by, her captain and
rather y cosjeniss did nt confete Jury was a gentleman, formerly a 9on inilhe, thr 'ygnet' anid.ucceeded in
lhe early cosinogonia(A did i~ot eonfio evei 0 o m finincl tile flerro. His object was to
eTo make up for-the actually flimsy sture of iheir labors to the tarth hut emibrtced Iie 1i :preseultative iin (.oniirss, of Uncom scu tle .tlTe e, ro- His object ened to
the cottolln and woollen cloths, made in rind for s ioo ;,s, and h nt s. The n li ry acquirennts. he advan- dl t e
sales at austion-tin the Unlited Stares they ra 't tesel, haning thirealerued So ho
sales at auction the nied StaSt t re thics ast.onomr,. Xenophines, took te rs t, tas of eductiot ae at least equally h eed ihat tac as a e ad
edfabrics too pieces aifte a cotwn wsigs. be patches ol lauds,, whiclwere lighted p iibut d i herlu.-B /alt ed. I' l eted.a t iat' iita ti and crew h;ia r
fabrics go to pieces ifte a few wabsh1 9, be patchesul iluud Ilich-Were ligh: d i) '- .. .. : ;. al s'o ; thiii.g dlemaelyes,

ST. AUGUSTI.sE, E. Florida, March 20.
C0l. Gadsden and party returned to this city
* on Monday evening last. We have been in-
formed that they have completed, as far as
practicable, the survey of the Indian Reserva-
tion, and that Col. Humphreys, who had an in-
terview with Col. Gadsden at Okahumpy, had
Proceeded west to concert with the Governor
the measures necessary for the immediate con-
centration of our Red Brethren within the lim-
its designated. Col. Gadsden reports the loca-
tion as the most favourable that could have
been made regarding alike the comfort of the
Indian, and the fi(ture prosperity of the terri-
tory of Florida. It was a misfortune, consid-
eriig the exposed situation, and general char-
'acter of the soil of Florida, that any Indian
population should have been found within its
S imits; as it could not be removed, the most I
judicious disposition of it under the protection
of the Government of the United States was
the only course of conduct which justice and
policy dictated. The district of country se-
lected is central, and so disposed as to admit of
certain control over the Indian; it is illy adapt-
ed to a white, while it is well calculated to sus-
tain an Indian population. The Hammocks
are detached and equal to all tie agricultural
demands of the Sons of the Forest; while ex-
tensive ranges for stock of Cattle, and equally
extensive hunting grounds will afford them
the means of subsistence from sources more
congenial with their disposition and habits.
A military post, (which in honor of the dis-
'tinguished commander Ihas been named Can-
tonment Brooke,) has been established near
the mouth of the North Hillsborough river
which discharges into a bay of the same name,
being a branch from the great estuary of Santo
Spirita. The site is well selected with a view
to a vigilant eye over the Indians of the south;
and for the protection of those emigrants who
may be tempted to try their fortunes in those
milder latitudes.
Col. Gadsden and party penetrated a few
miles south of Charlotte's harbor, and returned
by a more eastern rout, edging the margins of
the extensive savannahs composingthe great
'southwestern hunting grounds. One of these
grassy planes was upwards of 14 miles wide at
a narrow part crossed by Col. Gadsden, while
to the south and east there was no visible lim-
its to its extent. The information derived from
the Indians was that a chain of these savannahs
extend to within a few miles of the Atlantic
and the character of the country in their vi-
cinity was such as to produce the strongest
convictions as to the fact. The whole district
of country around Charlotte's river and bay
presents to the eye only flat pine barrens, and
parched palmetto planes intersected by grassy
ponds and inundated savannahs; many of these
exhibiting strong indications of having but re-
cently emerged fi'om the Ocean; and exposed
to occasionalrevisitations. The country as far
south as 28 degrees of latitude had been repre-
sented to be much more elevated than has
generally been supposed. 'The ridges of the
Alachua extend in a south eastern direction to
40 or 50 miles- south of the sources of the
Ocklewha river, and terminate near the com-
mencement of the extensive district of savan-
rlihs noted.
Near the sources of the Ocklewaha they
seem in black jack hills of the pure white sea
sand to obtain their greatest elevation and from
thence south are intersected by innumerable
clear water ponds. Many of these are of great
depth, nearly circular, resemblingthe sinks,
somewhat enlarged, peculiar to Florida-with
precipitonn hbnks, and their water so pure and
c':.l -, Ii-, ciio.'lola rhe speculation, as to a
pi:.AL.le .l Arl t ..i-. communication with
tih Ocklewaha. Similar ridges, of nearly
t il 'I elevationn are found near the North Hills-
bLiIn i.gh, Amaxura and Tala-chop-co rivers.
,This last mentioned stream rises in a large
"L..: ,.,, iu., .fll -e miles eastof the Bay
or J" -a r, ,it.., I J;-:tii.,, .:: ninto Clhar-
;.,ri-:'- 1i 'i .:.rr. Its ,'-.'r -i :i' :. is west of
.e'1tI, a,,,i ,: L. inks and bed in many places
are composed of strata, of the lime stone com-
Son to this country, with superincumbent
hills .f sand and hammocks.-This river dis-
c ,, I',' at the same point with Charlotte's ri-
v-i. 'ind corresponds iit its character and
..i.,rc;, so much with the description usually
given-ofthat stream, as to encourage the idea
.that they have been somewhat confounded.-
Charlotte's river proper is but an inconsidera-
:ble natural canal to drain, in conjunction with
others, which have a connection the gulf of
-Mexico, farther south, the immense district
of savannahs-it has its rise in extensive Bay
and Cypress swamps, and takes its direction
West through Savannalhs, marked in its course
by scattering Cabbage Trees; and oak thickets
on its banks.
Its banks and beds are composed in many
spots of alternate layers of marine shells and
sand; or strata of shells, with superincumbent
sea sand and hillocks, covered with scrub oak
The Big Hammock, near the Chicuchatty
village, is among the largest of hammocks in
Florida. It is encompassed bya ridge of pine
land, some of which is of good quality, rising
to a considerable elevation, and the hammocks
have in many places encroached on the very
summit of the hills. The soil corresponds to
the general character of the hammocks of Ala-
ciua. The whole country, from the Santo Fe,
to the south end of the Big Hammock, pre-
sents elevated undulating Pine lands, inter-
spersed or spotted with hammocks of greater
or less magnitude, of light and more durable
soils, based on sand, narl, indurated lime-stone
or clay; and diversified with pine flats, inter-
sected with grassy and clear water ponds. It
omay be ranked among the most desirable of
; the interior districts of Florida, combining the
advantages of moderate climate, health, soil
adaptedunder a judicious mode of culture,
to the most valuable of southern staples-ele
vated and gravelly ridges, with an aspect fa-
rourable to the production of the various fruits;
and extensive ranges for cattle and sheep.
May we now .encourage tie belief of speedi-
ly witnessing an enterprizing population pene-
trating this wilderness, and the sickening
hopes of three years disappointment more
than realized in the flowering prospects of au-
tumnal prosperity.

NANTUCKET, March 29.
The atmosphere yesterday, though cloudy,
vWas of so peculiar a nature, that, from tihe tow-
er of the Smith Cliurch -'e could plainly dis-
cern with the naked eye the southern and east-
ern boun claries of Martha's Vineyard,.the whole
extent of the land from lFalmouth to Chath'am,
tie two light houses at thle latter place, and
many other buildings on tile Cape--a distance
of more than thirty mles. Thle ocean appeared
sike a vast sleet of crystal. To-day we have a
Storm of rain with melancolly howls of wind
,from the South East-very much disposing the
Mind to moralize: suchis man, &c. &c.

Atnecdote-A learned cleigy man in
.:S:ii e was accosted il the following rimaiin

.fer-, by an illiterate preacher who despi
,sBc education: 'Sir, VIu hve been to col-
.tge, I suppose'--Y's, sir,' was the ,e-
ply I am thankfull' iejinetld Ihe f or
Inter, 'that the Lord hals opened my mouth
'.. r.ach without any learning' 'A similar
i. '* ,' replied the ltterI, took place ini
Bal.aam's time, but such things are of
I uoccurretIce at the present day.'

SThe following is a copy of a letter, address-
ed to a gentleman concerned in the publica-
tion of Maps ani Charts, from Capt. Ceely, of
the ship Beverly, of loston, just arrived in this
port from the Pacific Oceaun.
Bos'ros, AruIL 5th 1824.
Sir: I have taken the liberty to address a
few lines to o-oui concerning a reef of' Rocks;
and likewise all island, tlihat I have discovereded
in a whaling voyage in the ship Reverly; and
not finding tlhel laid down ill any of y1' charts
anld not hearing of thcir being down in any
others, 1 have thought it best to give you the
following information, tlfat theyv may be insert-
ed in ll o'llI charts, fir tile il neit of tihe public.
Enclosed is a description ofthe reef and Island.
If you find they have not been discovered be-
fore, you will please call then by the II
names. The reef by the name of the Elnfrance
reef, and the Island by the name of Bevcrly o [l-
and. Youirs, &c.
P. S. If any gentleman wishes to write me
on the subject, lie will please direct his letters
to Nantuckct.
Entrance Reef.-Saw a eef' of rocks laying
6 miles W. N. W. from tile Island Ya dtie Si,
Miguel, that makes tile North entrance of tihe
Straits of Barbara, on tile coast of New Albion;
some parts of lthe reef as high as the vessel's
hull out of water.
Beverly Ibland. November 25th, 1822.--
Whilst cruising for whales oil tle coa-L of Ca-
lefornia, saw an !sand hearing East, distance 3
leagues. Latitude of tile Island, 18 23" N.
and longitude 1150 00'' W.; suppose the Island
to be about 15 miles in circumference; the
height of a middling size, and appeared to be
green in some places, withl hills and valleys;
saw a number of small rocks close to it, that
had the appearance of sails.
Appearance of thle Island bearing East, dis-
tance 3 leagues-ont the left high-lad h l 1n"-
toward thie sea, and toward tlhe centre .r "',.
island; on the right, two lofty mountains, with
pointed summits, like the bunches on a camel's
_.......... .___
From the National Advocate.
Divig Bell.-It is w:li known, that
during thle revolutionary war, the British
frigate Hussar sunk at Hell Gate, having
on board, as was said, a large sum in
specie to pay the troops Innumerable
attempts by diving and fishing have
been made to get at the specie in these
hard times. The moment that spring,
with her rosy fingers, had beckoned win-
ter from his gloomy caves, and sent the
icy god to the regions of the north; or, to
spsakin intellible language, the moment
the ice dissolved, two parties started for
Hell Gate, vulg:ily called Hurl Gate, to
live and duck, and plunge to the bottom
of the deep, in search of the mopusses.
These rival fishers have been prevented
from fingering the golden bait by the jea-
lousy of each other. One party will not
permit the other to descend to the wreck
lyilg full fatthom five," and neither will
quit the watery elementt, for fear that in
their absence the money may be found.
In tis distressing dilemma both parties
Remain in statu quo. They decline goinlk
down at the same time in different diving
bells, for fear that when at the bottom
they imay meet and have a fight for tlhe
booty,to the evil example of the peaceable
inhabitants of the deep, and from the le
gal difficulty of indicting each other for
assault aid battery; low this case will
terminate e cannot say; both iave a right
to fish for money, but neither party ca.i
agree to divide theii' gains equitably :
therefore, this large sunI. which, by tilh
bye, itis proved I;vder was on board the
frigate, must remain in thlie holes atnd
crannies of the wreck, until tile divers
can agree upon the division. A third
party, however, would settle the question
and that would be what the law terms
" divers persons unlkowni."
Quer! .--Hrw would it answer to have
a bank incorporated to put the money in
after it is found,to be called the'Submarine
Bank.' as new charters are all the go at
present?-The stock would soon be filled,
and above par, or high water mark.

Produce sf the Susque/2anna,--We
learn that within a few (lays thirty seven
boats from the head waters of the Sus-
quehanna have passed thlr'ghi the canal
at York Haven, laden within the rich and
various products of tle interior-as wheat,
flour, clover seed, whiskey, &c. &c. The
quantity of wheat was 26 228 bushels, of
which 7628 bushels were unladen at the
mills in that town and will reach this
market after being manufactured into

Money.-During the present session
of the legislature of New York, three
new Banks and eight or tel Insurancel
Comorpanies, with an aggregate capital ol
about five million of dollars, have been

State, us. Harriet Gadsby, a colored woman.
Harriet Gadsby, I.h;llgedl with the mur-
der of her newborn inilaii, was yesterday
tried in Baltimore County Court The
case was given to ihe jury about half
past two o'clock, whlo in a few minutes
returned a verdict of not ,guiiti. The'
prisoner until tis charge had always sus.
gained an unexceptionable character.--
Counsel for the prisoner, Henry M. Mur-
ray, John Hainan and James M. Bucha.
hnan, Esqrs

,ippoi.inltenis b! the President.
By and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
A!lexi,'irr 1G 1i[IIu. of' P.'nnsyl'anii to In
Collnsul of the Uniied I tales, for Cadiz, it
Sp,. in,
Alfrdcl tlon, tfNoiv Yanrk to b, consul
of lh.- Uniteld Siat. a:it Augustl ra, in thi
RI'public of' :oloimia.
J:ine'. Gailsfen Joseph M. Hernand,'z
Peter hMitLhell, \Villi -II R. R:v n led's, Johlb
L. Digiett, Abraham B.-llaminv, Jo,athlis.

lRoiinson. Thomas Russ, J. Lines BIigit'
Richard Coiipton, J. Jo dl la RIa, Bin1 1))
W\riht d indl Joseph N,,ri:'a, to h!e mneiikct
of 'heI L'gisltiver Cou;cilin the TerritorI
of ,l.,rida.
Edlw.iar S. DUlncan, of Virgiain, to bo
Attorney of the UnitIed States for the Wcs
tei n Dislrict of V uginia,

Philadelphia Prices Current.
[Corrected everyTuesday, for the U. S. Gazette.]

ARTICLES. Per Di.. Ct.Dls. Cts,
ASHES, Pot, toe l li -- -
Do. Pearl, 13; 140 -
BEANS, -bush 1 25
BEEF', Philadelphia ss, bbl. 12 13 -
Do. Cargo & Primti 8 10 -
BUTTEl, lump, lb 1- -
Do. salted, insp. 8 1'
CIIEESE. Conn. 7
C)o. ,, Virginia, bui 3( 35
OTT'ON, Louisiana, l. -- 18
Doo N. Carol na, 1- 15,
Do. S. Carolina, 14 15
Do. Alabama, 13 14'
Do Tennessee & Geo. 14 16
;.;.. white yard 13 25
I' .i, 9 16I
Checks,-4 13 -- )
Do. 7-8 15 20
Do. .1- -7 Ii 25
Stripes 13 20
Plaids 13 22
Bedtick 1 40
S1. ,. ,, -- 13 18
S i-, (Amer.) lb. 32 35
FLOUlR,wheat Philad. S. F bbl. 6 -
Do. rye, 2 33
Do. corn mnal, 2
Do. do. hhd. 11 -
FURS, beaver, N. l. 3 50
Do. do. S.&W. 2 -- 3 25
Do. bear, skin 1 3 -
Do. fox, gray, 20 25
Do. d,,. red, I 1 2
Do. mink, -- 15 2
Do. muskrat, 32 40
Do. otter, 3 4 -
Do raccoon, 40 50
GLASS, Window, viz: [ ft.
S... by 0, 11) 6 7 -
S. l, ., I do. 775
New York,S by 10, do.. 10 -
Boston, 10 by 12, do.! 11 12 -
GRAIN, wheat, bush 1 17 1 30
Do. rye, 40 45
Do. cor Penn 35 -
Do. do. southern I 35 -
Do. oats, 25 3.3
)Do. iarlcy, 60 70
Do. Br:an, double, 1 14 15
(GUNPOWIEI, Americtan, 251b. 5 75
HIIAMS, Jersey and others, Ib. i 9 11
IRON, in bars -to 95 100 -
Do. Sheet, 165 176 -
)o. Ioop, large 128 --." -
Do do. small, 140 -1
LARD, Penn. l. 10
LlFATHER, S. house, 2 .-: 12
Do. soal, other 24 30
)o. upper, dressed, -side 2 75 8 50
Do. do. undressed, 2 2 50
Do. IIarness, lb. 25 27
i... I- 20 30
1 i 1 I .. ., p.. ier ft. 1090
Boards, y. pin 1 and 2 in. 14 -- 16
Do. do. heart, 1 inch, 25 30 -
Do. do. white pine pannel, 25 30 -
Do. do. common, 17 50 22 .50
Scantling pine, 5 20
Do. heart pie, 25 30 -
Do. sap, 14-
Lath. oak, 7 9 -
Oar, rafters, 20 25 -
Timber, pine, 25 -
Do. inch spruce, 12 20
)Do. oak, .- 22 25
Shingles, cedar, 3 fet, 17 21 -
Do. cypress, 22 inch 3 50 4 -
Statvs, pie, white oak, 1200 60 -
Do. hd. do. I
Do. do. red oak, 18S -
Shooks.white oak, each 2 25
Staves, bbl. white oak, 1200 23 21 -
Heading, oak, 3S 60 -
Hoops, shaved, 25 -
MOLASSES, S.I. gal. 40
. Tar, .- bbl. I 62. 1 75
Pitch, 2 2 25
Rosin, 1 75 2 -
Turpentine, 2 75
Varnish bright, gal. 25 -
Do. blackde, 25. 30
Spirits Turpentine, 45 50
OIL, Sper. Sum. Strained, 43i ,50
Do. do; Wintordo. 57 55
Do.. Liniseed. -- 56 ---'.
Do1. Lamp, 26 28
Do. Liver, 9 10 -
PAINTS, domestic viz:
V'hitc Lead, cwt. 12 -
S Lead. 8 75 9 -
Yellow Ochre, 1 50
ed Ochre, 2
Lnamhlack, lb. 9 10
PAPER, rm. 2 4 51)
Fools Cap, Writing, 2 25 5 -
Demy' do. 10 12 -
Do. Printing, 1 80 4 -
Royal Hanging, 2 50 5. --
Do. Printing, 2 50 7 -
Snlper Royal do. 3 25 4 50
i Extra do. do. 4 50 5 50
| )Do. Wrapping, 60 75
I PEAS, hush 75 SO
PORK, Jers. & Penn. mess, bbl. 14 50 15
Do. do. do. cargo 11 -
i IAGS, Domestic, Il. S 6
SRICE, New Cr p, cwt 3.25 3 50
Brandy, peach Ac. 4th proof gal. 75 SO
Do. do. Peml. lst do. 50 60
Gin, Philad. distilled do. 37 40
Do. Country t do 37
Rum, New England do. 35
Whiskey, Rye, 2
Do. Aple, -- 10 i
STI'EL, Country, lb 6 7
SUGAR, N. Orlens, prime, ct. 12 12- 50
Do. Lof lb. 15 17
Do. .1mp, 1- -1 141
TOIBFtCCO, James Rihcr, i- 10
iDo. North Carolina, 6
)Do. IKentucky, 3 -7 50
V'AX, 13te's, yellow, 31 32
0o. do. white, 5- 50 54
WOOL. Merino, 75
Do. tdo. i 40
D o d o 7 ., 6 0
Do. do. in greas.si, -- :5
Do. 3-,clcan, o. -10
Do. do. in grease, -15
Do. commonly 40


BRISTLES, R. lht sort, 1
D)o. do. 2d do. -
COAL, Liverpool, bhi
COFFEE, W. I. fine green, 1
Do. 2d quality,
Do. 3d do.
IIORNS, Ox, 1(
IRON, Russia bars t
Do. Swedish do. -
Do. English do. -
LEAD, pig c
MOLASSES, West India, g:
MITSTARD, in bottles, d
NAILS, wrought iron, 1
PAIN'S, Red Lead, dry, c'
Do. white do. do. -
Do. do. in oil, -
Do. Spanish brown dry,
Do. do. do. in oil, -
Do. Ochre yellow dry, -
Do. do. do.ioil, -
RAISINS, Malaga, ce
RAGS, foreign, -
SALT, Liverpool, fine, bl
Do. 'Iurk's Island,
SPIRITS, Jam. 41t proof, g
Do. W India, 2d& 3d,
Do. ; ...t.1 I .'. 4th do.
D o. ...., .. II .. 1st pr
STEEL, German Halbach,
Do. English, Crowley, ft
Do. do. blistered, -
Do. Swedish,
Do. Trieste,
SUGAR, Muscovado prime, c
Do. do, 2d and 3d quality,
Do. Havana white, prime,
Do. do. 2d and 3d quality,
Do Candy, China,
TEAS, Ilyson,
Do. Young IHyson,
Do. Hyson Skin, -
r... C ,,. I. ..e. -
T' i ,' I I ..... leafpr.
Do do. 2d & 3d quality,
Do. St. Domingo leaf, -
Do. Natchit. Carrott,
WINE, Madeira L. P. old,
Teneriffe, L. 1

b. -
ish -
b. -

00 8
on 90
wt. 6
al. -
oz. 1
b. -
on 3
wt. 9
islk 6
1b. '-
ush -

al. -


Cwt. 11

Ib. -

gal. 3
1 1

50 --

25 -

12 -
12 3
40 10
- 12
26 2

90 -
18 1
50 .1
13 -
12 -
6 -
6 -
50 101
50 13
90 1
1 l
50 -
8I -
12 -


.1 IWAnni ,
On Saturday evcnine last, 10th inst. by the Re'.
Dr. Ely, Mr. CIARLES BEEMIEL, to Miss LU-
CY ALLCHIN, all of this city.
At College Hill. Washington City, by the Rer.
Mr. Rice, Dr. JLoHN I. TEMPLE, of Hanover
T.ON, 1 ,,.L ..' I'..I Rv. Dr. Staughton, Presi-
dent ofi. .. j 4 ,,.- College.

On Saturday evening at0i o'clock, in the 293th year
of his age, JSEPfr C)S'TON.
)n iMonday morning at 2 o'clock, Mrs. ELIZA-
BETIH YARD, wife of James Jard, Esq. aged 59.
widow of Daniel Trump, aged 81 years and 1 month.
SOn the 29th day of March last at Trenton, in the
state of New Jersey, MARGARET MEREDITH,
fourth I,.l.. l,, of the late Samuel Meredith, Esq.
former .i, I .,; city.
At sea, on the 28th of March, on board the ship
Wallace, from Jamaica for New York, IIENRY
DAVIS, Esq of the house of Willis & Co. of Lon-
don. Same day, JOHN HIGGINS, Esq. of Lon-

Carlisle, Pa. April 6.
DIED, suddenly, y-t"rd'lv ,..rinst-l:, at his resi-
,.i.. .i.i. 1. i..-i,. 1 .'. I ,. .. ... ,. 1 of the bow -
... i, ; .... ..i ... a .ij. Gen. 1IENRYN
I t. .. .-._,,, -.I t,. of the revolution,
*,..,' I.I. Pi ,.1 1. l r i ..l P'-. '. lunty-- from w which
.. ,. i: r. lu, u. ..l by the present Go-
e Pr.....| i ,.r .i .l ..

DIED-On the evening of the 31st of March,
S1924, at his residence near .. i Salem
( '..ty. .) Dr. WILLIAM ii.., i,, the 64h
, .. -. .1.. age. In the death of this nnmiable man
society has to lament the loss of a valuable cilizell.
In the service of his country he honorably discharg-
ed the duties of several appointments bIoth civil and
military. In early life ie studied BMedicine and was
itr ilnIiy years a sIucc.sfild and ppulnar practi ion-
er. Hi accompaniPd tl, healing balm with manners
the most soothing .. .... donate ,
whichsecured to I..... ... ..: ,, ..... n affec-
tion and esteem of his patients. i' ..' unambitious
of public honors he retired early .. from tile bus-
tle of the world, and in the bosom ofa growing famti-
lv,his domestic vilirtus shone consplclous; as I1is-
band ald father, hie was affTctionate and exemplary;
as a neighbor, social.-Saentm lessenger.
In the City and Liberties of' Philadelphia, from the
3d to the 10thl of April, 1I21.

w: ri 01

Uitnhr l/e c-are of Ihe R!v. If.'. C 1vroir'ileC.. A. 1.
r IIIEE sumnT ses:(In o11 Cpens oi. May2d-Bran Is.
s a ..,o .i.... .' re: ~ :Em_.aig 'Latin G ,k,
- L n1 II '. ... ] 'i. -V ;,, U-eogla ; .2,
with the e s tl aIf ... i .. & e o i'ci 1,:
Board can be o ...45, or ,' ~ er session,
..... : i;. ;'" .. .. I ... ni to;), 0to S 12
S r gbt. For fllr-
-i. .. r : .' ... i i .,i obcrtW al 'h ,
Ihn. Est. to .Joseph Hlkinson, stlq. or to the Re'v-
erelnd Doctors aId!i land l'ly dlp 12-i-laivSic&p1
'"OR iale n )on thel molIti r-asonabIlle rerms, by the
SP)aclakage or piece, a lairac and hliadsolle ai,sort-
ument lo Domestic ;and nlpo:n'rl iDi RY G(OODS.).
april 8-d S cWt. corner ''r.nt 1 arket- ts.
T cf .. ,f ,. -.-,
rgl Third Monith 15it. IS-l.
-iL HE a( r ;. ..I' .IBank provides for th e
calling of .1.. .. I holders (on business of
impor'ltaice, that thl transactions and proceedings of
thIe Directors may be inspected.
NOTTIC is helriey given, that a legal *.... '; ...-
the Stociloldersc ofIl tile Farmers' ILank ,, i,..
County will be held at the Hanking house, in Hulme-
ville,on 7th day -Itl. IMo. 241hlnext, at 10 o'clock. A.
MI. to take into consideration the propriety of re-
r.. ;.. the said Bank, and if removed, whether
!:.i Newtown or Doylestown, will be most for
the interest of the Stocklholders-also to inquire into
the manner alid itprh,',- .. ,,f thle hoard o" l Direc-
... ,, I .. ,. r w whether tile ens-
...... .r,. i. lIursued or obtaining the best
prices, and sale I '.. I t.o.de to real purchasers,
or whell' heer the'. t ....' I the most valuable pro-
r i ... I held in i manner whereby it is in danger
It ". i fcicrii at some feature day, greatly to
to vour disadvantage, &e &c.
Daniel Lovett, Thos. L. Allen,
Allen Lippincitt, Executor to the estate
Abraham iBrown, of .Mary Martin
John B. Iialderston, Phineas Jenks,
Administrator to the Thos. G Kennedy,
estate of M'-I Jalderston. Elizabeth Drake,
M. Millnor, John Buckman, jr.
WV. Satterthwaite, jr. .John Terry,
Marv Nelson, Joseph Moode,
Ann' Richardson, 1)Daid Brown,
Caleb Boutcher, Executor to the estate
John Pralil, of .. Brown.
Gregg & .llen, William Gillam,
!'.. .i...:. Field, Joseph Richardson,
.,-.,,... .. M oses Comfort,
John Pugh, Isaac Hulme,
Samnel Ihulme, Administrator to Wm.
Joshua C. Canbv, M.ilnur's estate.
march 2i--eodi6t&cp4t


Apoplexy, 1 1 Brouht over, 46 41 .. ,
Atrophy, 0 1' Rheumnatism, 0 1 ,
Cancer, 1 0 Sore hroat, 0 2 .-.,
Cholic, 1 0 SMALL POX .':
Coisumption of Natural I 6 \t' ,
the Luings, -10 5 Still-Born, -0 3 \
Convulsions, 0 3 Sudden, 3 0 --- ..-
. Brain, 0 7 Varioloid, 1 IL
Drowned, unknown -, Uvn, 1 0 POUR OULT E D aPLOUG'H.
, .;t.try, 0 1 --- F'IHE point and share are so formed that they
'.I.i 4 Total, 107-52 55 .L may be reversed, and by their own labor are
i- I"-,i 1 0 compelled to sharpen themselves. By a wrench
S 0 -- which is attached to the t.n h.s.. i.,y.. y who drives,
}. i..,1., --1 0 Of the foregoing there may sharpen it when he i.'. i his plough is
Fever, 3 3 were- cast, and warranted-if broken, repaired without
Typhus, 13 1 Under 1 year, 19 expense to the farmer. It will run much easier than
Hooping Cough, 0 1 From 1 to 2 6 any other and performs the work right. The re-
Hives, n 0 2 2 to 5 10 pairs of this plough, oln at average will not exceed
.Inflammation of 5 to 10 7 filty cents per year. Thle four coulters differ in
-- the Brain, 3 0 10 to 20 13 their form and are all strong and good-three of
the Lungs, 1 3 20 to 30 5 them will cost about 12 cents each, and the other
-- .Breast, 0 2 30 to 40 13 one will cost about 201 cents. 'I'hose parts of the
Bowels, 0 2 40 to 50 12 plough which are most; exposed to friction are so
Liver, 1 0 50 to 60 9 hard that a tile will make no impression on them-
Jaundice, 0 1 60 to 70 5 they are also extremely tough and not easily broken;
Measles, -7 0 4 70 to 80 5 there is no plough better adapted to rough, flinty,
Mania-a-Potu, 2 0 80 to 90 3 and stony ground. This is the only plough in the
Old Age, 2- 2 6 known world that call sharpen itself-the only
alsy --, 1 0 Total, 107 plough that is furnished will four coulters, and the
-- -- I ..1 .,1. 1l ,t ; .r irranted, in America.
Carried over, 46 41 Il l ..I .. .. I" made and sold as cheap as any
Thcr c were from the City, -- -.- 59 -1. i -.r I .1.i l cheapest plough at thirty dol-
From the County, - lars, when we h -.. ri.. i, i '1 ..1... principle and
-- the variety, sitl. l'. i I,. t. .. e' l ofthe coul-
Total, 107 ters. Noploul: 11 11, i.. ri..!,, .,I, .' rong and du-
Of the above Intermelmts. were 18 from tlie Alms- rable.
oulse, andt 27 people of colour are included in the The patent right for d1,;, ri., l-,i i.. 'L.t i'i.,.i
total amount. '5Machine-the best 7 1i.. I,... li-. -t ,, ,.-i, L,. l
B y order of t. '. .,' -C lover-(.'lI j, ,,.i .i ,.. t .1 r ,

STATE OF TIfE TIIERi'lOM hETIER. ed for sale in alny section of America, (which is not
1824. 9 o'clock. 12 o'clock. 3 o'clock. now sold) by J. B.,NORTON.
April 5, 52 62 i5 The rights will be sold low and payments made
6, 52 59 57 agreeable to purchasers. Enquire at 18-1, Callow-
7, ,9 3 51 I hll street, 'hilahelphia.
8, -17 51 51
9. 46 55 55 RECOM I BN'DATIONS.
10, 53 g62 65 This is to certify that I have used one of Bergen's
i .1... ..,.:..,- ploughs the last season, on different
KINSINGTON PROPERTY FOR SALE. i,.1 I 1.I L"Cr part rough and stony, and find it
A itwro story Brick Hose, IS feet square, to be the best I ever had, both for cheapness and
,I ,~ t- I rame Iitchen adjoining, 14 by 16 ease to horses and ploughmnan. I would rather buy
.i I.-. of ground siuate on the east side of I one ofthem, than have any other, I have used, as a
Marlborough street, between Bedford street and I gift. BENJAMIN EGBERT.
Prince street, conlaniing i front, on said MIarl- ; Bethlehem, Jan. 3, 1824.
boi ough Street 20 feet, a-nd in length or depth 165 This is to certify that I have used one of Bergen's
feet, to a new street SO feet wide, called Union- self-sharnpeing ploughs tile last season, and believe
street. Ther is oil the premises a number of it to be the best and cheapest I ever had. It runs a
fruit trees, of the choicest fruits.-The above pro- f fourth better than any other plough, and the ex-
perty is clear of all and every incumbranca, pense ofthe blacksmithing is not a fourth as much,
and will be soT.l '... 1, bareain---and one half as for another plough. HENRY STIRES.
tlie purchase :'.-'. II be taken in] back lands Bethlehem, Dec. 19,1823.
within 120 miles of'this city. For furhller particu- This is to certify that I have used one ofBergen's
lurs, apply to EZRA C. THOM AS, oil the premises self-sharpening plloughs the last season, on barren,
or to S. PAGE & SON flinty laud, and I believe them the best and cheapest
Brokers and Land Agents, No. 8, south 5th-st. I ever used. The expense has not been more than
april 13--d one doll ar and a half, anid one of the other ploughs
would have cost me eight or nine dollars, and I be-
No11C.] IN eICeE. live they ru nlore thlan one fourth better than any
.,W HEREAS the subscriber has duly and accord- other plongh. CtIIISTOFHER S IDER.
tig to the Laws of the United'States procured a pa- Alexandria, i De. 19, 1S23.
.tent right. for an improvement in making Liquor This is to certify that I ha e had one of Bergen's
trlcks or Taps and Facits, made partly of wood and selfLsharpening ploughs in I se through the present
partly ol"pewter and lesthmer, and twhereasesolimuc lep- season, and have given it a fair trialin a stiffsward,
ons are disposed to inringe up n is rights, 1and stalk, and stubble ground, ald lind it perform, easier
*deprive him of the benefits of said improvement-all and bett than any other kind oflough I have ev-
.persons are therefore cautioned .... using or er used. The plough will run as longs any other
.. m. to others to bu used aly s from. e im moved without sharpening, and the point and shares may be
t unless they have permission fintil he Paten- turned with the wrench that is attached lo'the
tee, as the saime are made by him and marked E. plough, which turning may be done a number of
D. Patent," which is his establied seal. times, and the plough perform as well each time.
Amherst, (Mass.) March 1,1824. ap 7-d3w nmwell, Aigust 1, 1823. march I0-dt&cp3mg
B RICHARDISON & SON, cutlers, from Shef- P-B "TIUEKtJ PLOU'4 H.
m field, No. 77, south Second street, impressed SO T LE ENS' Ps ATENT.
with a grateful sense of the many favors conferred ORl SALE wholesale and ritail at No. 5 South
Snponthen since they commenced business, return mWaharvcs. Apllyto J. G. JENKINS, or
their sincere thanks to their friends and the public march 23-d.ncp t. PERRO'EAU.
in general, and hope still to have a continuance of
their favors, as they manufacture Table Knives amnd -
Forlks, of the very best materials, which they will
warrant as good a. ., ',|.."'.ted. Ivot y handled
-,.,. lad Fiorks I ,' .., quality' atill kinds
,.,l.- i in general. Razors warranted for luse.
N. B. Pen Blades of the best cast steel put itu ,
handles, all kinds oarfFable Knvies anid Forks repair-
ed, either withi new blades or forks will handles.
Razors ground and set. sept 29
P A ANAWAY from the iusc:;.b'ler, on thr 2d. inst.
l4 a likely negro n>an called LTUKE CONQUEST,
about 5 feet, 6 or 7 inches high, of a very dark colm-
plexion and well madei, had on whe, he left home, a
pair of mixed cassiett pantaloons and blue cloth SHOE MANUFACTORY,
jacket, he talks iery fast. The above reward mNO .46, CI' RRY STRET.'
willbe given to ,. .. who will secure him in
any jail, so I I ....... ;. \ I;.ic directed to ATTENTION COUNTRY MERCIIANTS.
Mrs. Eupshemia ;...,i. '.... C.ounlity, Vir- "E subscriber having a large manufacto ry of the
gin ia.n Horn q v.will be atendedto. SHlOE business, request, the attention of those
-april 10-eod2ti wishing to purchase, to call nad examine for them-
IJES"a..S' H,.&, .selves, where they may be accomodated with bar-
SNo. : 21 2 .RT'-S'R 1 gains inl le o Iots andu shoes of,'vecrv description.
No. 241 MARKitL'- ItSTRE' T, Also ladies boots arli shoes of every lkInd.
tvewccen Sevcnth and 1igllhth -strets, Philadelpliia. Wherehe hlas alwayss uu hand a ge< rcal assort-
T C. TE IiPEMlIS respectfully infloris is friends lment of botdi kinds. ,,Il I-l-id&ep
S. ande the public generally. hat lie lhas removed
from the Washington IHotel, \Vest Chilestlr, to thie i JA IIRYLAR P( R l'l PI 'RTi '.
above establishment. Its central situation toi iksil- s fo al a valuable tat
ness, the extensive stabliig, shedl, and capacioius i- Hd Subacnb6r oilers for sale a valIIbIN tract
ya-ll attached thereto, aind the strict attention hlichh i ial 'l containing 9i 3 acres, situalcd on M\' ye River,
heilwill endeavour to b.sltow to every department, TI'"-en Ann' s (ountly, Sitale of 'iaryland.--
,, ii.hehopes, secure limii, a llh,:al, I '*. 'l'luis p1rTlopertv at present i' d~ ided in two farns, the
1 B. A few gcutecl boarders .I I.1 ,. on ist d nIn y (hrc, 'csltin.h u lfi( acres, the
moderate terms. april D--dlcp e'-onid, lat ie the prop)rtv Au Dr liinlmanl's heirs,
coi;ainls 517 acres. rnchlfarm hias a liarig proportion
r' TO CIEDITORS. ofthe om1ost valuable mIiadiw ground perhaps in the
k' cKE notice, that I have anlplied by pettiion t o lunlrtY'v. which may 1'r cirar'd at a small expense;
,,. b,'_'-,' nf thl. (C''st of C(oSInIoII Pleias, ofiA lIC- this llrop.Plty i.- so geI'neraIll kllown, that a further
i.. .....i for thll' lcitn fit .ftheI a ts of the Ct e- a Idescription f it is de mniii'd ullnecessary, as all situa-
nera Assembly ofthle State. made for thle Ireliel'of tions on tlhe water are desirable-It is presumed that
inso clut debtors, and that the said Court have ap- persons wishing to purchase, will view the property;
poinled'the 3d. day'of May noxt, for t he hearing of every iuforhmatiin icn le^ olbtainerd by) applying to
Iny oreditorsand myself. at tle Court Houise in tllT *I t..I'i. .... 1. ,sq near VWy eMill, or E. N.
city f r;-i... i,. ;. ...,uty. At which imleand ..1. I iI .. aston. AIEX. IIMl.SLEY.
Ilae,y : .. *i ,l .,attend and hew eCuse. N.. h 'I'le above ltate, will be sold altogethe,
ifa'y you have, why I olL1l it lt to be dis'hal:rgetd. ur divided into small larms if preferred lyy those
ROIBERT PAT'ITEI' SON, wishing to puntehase--both th e ab: e described
Pitlbure. i2th. Ja. 1824. Book-seller. farms abound with marle ofla iupcrior quality.
fncli, l.--4 Il.1 april 2--eod6t&eect t

Tuo t1 Act entitled alt Acti iaints a uti
on the retailers of foreign Inercian-
iZECT'ION 1. Be it enacted hby he S 'nuee stal
o' SuS c-f Rerlesentut'.ivs of i Cot t Lweaoi
qf Penllnsilvnio a jt General :ls.a mbity s'et, andl if ti
:erebty lencted by the alhouilt t oi thi ae, 'i'hat
t shall be the duty o tin- rIspect;vd e clerks ol the
;cvcr;l Iavors courts and courts i o quart er sessiomU
wit, iin tins cmiuloiw'ahilth inlmediately a after rccei*
Vin, f:'ilnm tile conitables of the dilel fClt 1nwards and
townshi ps the lis' ; ;..i. tIe oname of the re-
al ers foreign : I.. .r 'within i their rcspnce-
tilC cities and collnties, to tr.lluslit to the aud;tor
general a copy of the same under the sea uof court 4
ain it shall be the dtty of thle auditor general t
clt: rgu thc trrasnr rs of aid cities and counties res-
i actively wiIh ll' allioult by the. several
ei'rSn nincnIlioned iln said i i thf payment of
Ithich the said trea.snlrjrs shli bhe exonerated on-
'y b1) Ivproducing s-atislactnoly evidence to the account-
alit ldepn'tment thlit te pIrLson or persons so re-
turned were not retailers of foreign mserchandize
acor ding to the tr ue intent and Ilraning of the act
to which this is a sluppllilnct or that it Ywas imprac-
ticable to collect andiiicov,er the sail.
SECTION 2. lAnd be it t firlt.e enacted by the
ari/horiy ie.ftre'aid, Thnt insteadd of proc. ruing
.,niltl delinqtciuents by indictment in the duannri di-
reeled lby the actto which this is a suipplemelt it
siall be the duty of tle proper city or county trcas-
nirer to institute a sait before any Alderman or' I.u-
ticl' of the Peae in thile name of tlie C(omtmonwealth, \
with tile non ths of June and December in every
year a-ainst eacrh delinquent retailer as aforesaid
for the amotnlt 1i. duty payable agireeably to law, ad-
ding thereto ten petr cnt as a further compensation
to the Trecsurer for his trouble in suing lotr and re'
covering the same, and upon judagme:t being obtain-
ed or entered o'aainst any person or persons refusing
or neglecting tor i '" t.. 'ct. ot'said duty, execu-
tion shall issue i .. thereof twih the adl-
dition of said ten pler let, together with costs of,
suit after the expiration of t'enlty days, unless the
pearson lir persons believing him, her, or themselves
to havte been aggrieved by the decision of the said
alde:rman orjustice shall appeal within the said terrq
of twenty day .1. i ,.- ... i .. f said judgment,
to te Court o: ..'..... .. 'l. -,. i rFI. proper county,
which said appeal shall be made and conducted in
tlie same manner and be subject to the same provi-
silons in every- particular as other appeals in cases
of other debts of like amount, recovcrable before an
Alderman or .Tustice ofthie Peace. Provided, That
the person or persons so intenditng to appeal, shall
first declare on oath o affirmation in writing, to be
filed by said Alderman or Justice of the Peace, that.
he, she, or they verily believe injustice has been
done them, and that said appeal is not made for the
purpose of delay, and it shall be the duty of the At-
torney General or his deputy, residing in said city
or county to prosecute such appeal to judgment, for
which he shall receive the sum oif three dollars and
no more: And provided, that in all cases of appeals,
the jury or arbitrators trying the case, shall decide
whether the party appealing or the Commonwealth
.ii ii I., i,, costs of suit; and when the decision is
i. p' I ,i 1:ommonwealth, the costs shall be paid
i ve I' 1. u nty Treasury;but in no case, shall the
Commonwealth pay costs, except where the party
appealing is not a retailer of foreign merchandise,
or has not produced any other testimony, oi the ap-
peal, than what was produced before the Justice of
the Peace, orAidra, before whom the cause was
originally tried: And provided further, whore the
Justice of the Peace or Alderman shall decide
against the Commonwialth, the costs of suit shall
be paid out of the County Treasury.
SECTION 3. Andbe itfurther enacted by the
authority aforesaid. That if any person or persons
I,..l 1,,,1.. 1 ,.:jr Jth~noje---ej ,_ii,---Fpa~ih-rbreii~a -
.... !,..,Jsz. ventded, such person or persons
shall be required to take out a license for each- and
every store;and it shall be the duty of the constables
to make return of every such store.
SECTION. 4. A-.' .;t further enacted by the
i :', '. r'' .' il .-. l.. said Treasurers shall
make regular entries in a book, to be kept by them
for that purpose, of all monies received by them re-
spectively for licenses granted atd duties paid, spe-
cifying the names or name of the parties, It I... :
ral rates and amount of duties and the year ..ri whI
the said license hath issued, or the said duty has
been pa i i i -'.. i. '-. it h m ,.. ;Lh the amount
receive i ..' *c',, ..r t. ..I Hi, k ., .i '1u'l. t.,, during the
w.' i. 'r ." ",'r,as also for any preceding year or years,
,1,, i 'i : :-d Treasurers shall once in every year.
on or before th. 1 l 'i I I' : .r .., It .i... n anc-
count lir i., l" I'. i .a th, r l, i ., i ... 1-,: r b Au-
ditor '. r. r 1ii.:.. settlement by tihe Accountant Dc-
m' li',* 1: ". I Ct u-s-enr 5're -vp /' g--r
authority aforesaid, That in all cases wihen aay
person shall commence as a retailer of foreign tImer-
ehandize after the regular yearly period at which
licenses aretaken out, such person shall on applica-
tion receive a license for the remainder of'the year,
and shall pay for the same inl proportion to the time
for which such license shall have been granted: Pro-
vided, Tnat no person thus commencing for a frac-
tional part of a year, shall be exonerated from pay-
ing the full amount for aleicense, who does not pre-
vious to, or within one month after such commence.
ment, apply for and take out a license according to
SECTION 6. And be itffurther enacted by the
e ..r, .: :;, That it shall be the duty ofthe
;. h '. r i .. ,, .. of the severalcities and cooi.
ties within this commonwealth, annually, in the
month of November, to publish, in two newspa-
pers, in the several cities, and onei m each county,
where a paper is published, a list ,f the names
of all persons returned to him, as retailers of fo-
reign nerchandize, designating those who have and
those who have not taken out a license, within their
respective cities and counties; and the respective
treasurers shall transmit one of the newspapers I
which the names are so published, to the Auditor
SECTION 7. And belt further enacted by the
authority aforesaid, That if any Alderman, Jus-
tice of tlie Peace, Constable, or Treasurer, shall
neglect or refuse to perform the duties required of
him by this act or the act to which this is supple-
mentary,such officer so neglecting,shall be consider-
ed guilty of misdemeanor inoffice, and shall, on con-
viction of the same, before a competent tribunal,
forfeit the sum of one hundred dollars, one hall' to the
state and the other to the person or persons who
shall prosecute such offender orofenfder ----
SECTION 8. And he it-- iirther enacted by the
7-- '. .L..., .- ffnfr Tat so much of the first sc-
-,.. .I ,I. ,.ct to which this is a supplement, as ex-
cepts from taxation, every person who shall deal in
the selling of any goods, wares or merchandise,
winos or distilled liquors, where the same is sold in
the' original cask, case, box, or package, is hereby
repealed; and every such person or persons, shall.be
liable to the same amount of tax as retail merchal,ts
now are, and as fully as if they had not been except-
ed i l,. ,. r to which this is a supplement,
"!"" i. ,:' .9. And be it further enacted by the
authoritiy aforesaid, iThat so lmuch of the act ,of the
secondly of April, one. thousand eight hundred and
twenty, one to which this is supplemenustarv, as is
inconsistent herewith, or contrary t;) tliis act,be and
the sanue is hereby repllealed P'rovided always',
Th:.i .... i _i- herein cnltaincd shall be considered
or i,, .I to have the effect of discontinluing any
indictment or proceeding heretofore instituted altn
pending, in pursuance of any authority otr iprelovision
ofth!, said act tf the second Aliil, onle thilous;nl
ciglut hundred anld twenty ntIle, bhut tlIe same shall be
prosecuted to final i-].. '... 1i as tiullgh this act had
niot passed. ,'I Pi LAWRENCe,
Speaker of the fio.use ofI t15cllsehtatives.
Speaker of tIhe Senate.
P approved, rte foul hi day of narch, one thousand
eight hundred and twenty-tmour.

Secretary's Olffice,
IIarrislurr April 1st, 1S?4.
I certify the w thin anld forrg'iin;l to be a true
coply If the original Law remlainig om the files, and
of Rccoid in the Office. witness tly :1 hand and ssea
thie day and year aftoresaid.
lDepty Secretsry.
"** The Editars of the ''"t'raiklmir (;azntte," and
''Aulrora," are requested to publish the nbov ne at in
their rislctive trors one'st lC i rtekl for tree
wcklas. and cn fonstartdinp their arc lunts to thle of-
flec of tle \ editor (;,inIra!, will b,. Ipnih at tile sime
rate allowncd by law, for printing thie Laws of'tlie
United ,:tates- april 6--tu8t

No. 6 icIratur stre,'t, i i;,.. tllt from Mlarket
abor -., 1 I. ,

Siper/ne Cloths t.nass/imcres Irish Linen J'e.
S'IITE subscriber has received a handsome assort-
.R mcnt of superfine (lothis, Cassinere's, Irish Lin-
en, &c. which he will dispose of at ery lowprices,
for cash.
Linen Drili- r. ,, I lin.s &c.
100 pair -V(1' ...t..i .. co and calf skia.
made in this C.. I I .... i .~ i and Wlorkmam
ship, al .l dollar1I per pair.
au,;-21.---d Ei. M1 SHuEi:t1 AKKE

iFrom the Salem Gazette ofAprii 6 Trom the New-York Statesman, of riday. From the ew York itatesmta,. i ie suffer more by these variations of cite. -
N C. Cc Cor f te United Sats.- GEOLOGICAL. thanthse who have been born within the las
The following" is an abstract of the De- On "t'hn; sdlay came on lor r'ial tlhe cause The following sketch of some of the promi- Clhronic rheumatic inflammation wasscarcely
cree of Ihe United Proviuces of Aiiddle of he U, ited States versus Fiancis H. nent features in the geological character of enown to the older physicians in New Eng-
lnZricar lesp ectig the ald mission oL tor- Nicoll one of the surities of Robt. Swart- Washington and its vicinity, evinces so much and; now, it is one of the most frequent com-
eigcners and the settlement of the coLun wout. N:ivy Agent for the ,district of New taste and fancy, as well as scientific observa.- ilaints of the aged, nor are the young ex empt
ers and te s ent of the coun o. Nv n etion, that we must pernmt our readers to parti- .rom it.--Rheumatic affections have been
try, forwarded by our correspondilt at york. Tillotson,counsel for plainti ff;ines cipate in the pleasure which it has afforded us, rapidly increasing for many years. Remedies
Tr xillo:- and Irving, counsel for defendant. The although it was not intended for publication: vhich were prescribed with happy results in
lTle a rtional Constituent Assembly of circumstances of this case were briefly as Extrac' ofa pricvte letter from Washington o 0any class of diseases, have been found, at in-
the, ,;ted Provinces of Jiiddle America, I follows: Mr. Swartwout was appointed the Senior Edilor f the Statesman, dated Rie te rals of a few years, inadequate to their
bei: d(esiUs to promote the advance Navy agent in November 1818, and by an preseniatves' Iall, arch, 1824. removal; to no class has this observation been
mt a prosity of the sai Povi- ct o Congress, lilting the tem of o- lam not sufficiently versed in geology to ,,re commonly and more truly applied than
ent and prosperity of t said Prov act o congress, iiing the tem o be able to furnish you an account of the cun- to inflammatory affections.-Blood-letting
tcs, decrees as follows- fice to four years, his appointment woould osities of Washington, connected with that which has been efficient at one season of the
Jrticle 1. All fo: cgners who may wish expire in November 1822. It appeared subject, suitable for publication; but, for your year, has proved most fatal at another: hence,
to come to any of the one of the United from documrnuts before the court, that private amusement, and to rescue myselffrom a successful line of practice in the eastern
Provinces of Middle America which now the accounts of the Navy Agent were the intolerable dullness ofa debate, prolonged States, consists in constantly varying prescrip-
are Costarica, Nicaragua, Honduras, San reuderedl quarterly, and that when moneys bymere reetiions, I propose t present to ti to orreson wit the pecirities of a
Saador, Guatemala and Qesaltenugo, had been advanced toa greater amount youafew facts. varying climate. Arbitrar regulations in tile
Salvad, Guae la and Quesalteango, had been advance to a gater amount It is obvious to the most careless observer, practice of medine, in relation to doses or the
nAy at such te aid manneras than had be) exi, toee balance wasdi.ne, inrelationtolosesthe
may do it at such time ad manner as than had been expd te balance was that over the site ofthe Capitol of the United precise times of administering them at this
shall best suit them. carried to the ci edit of the governrmnct,. States and the country far around, the waves time, would only subject the physician to end-
2. Any foreigner may be admitted by and new sums advanced. In some in oftlie ocean rolled, and that these fields, now less disappointments, and defeat the object
the local authorities And be allowed to stances, funds to the amount of fifty or quietly tilled by the planter, were thrown from of his profession. thesee alterations of climate
exercise his ritiefssio nof business, not a hun red thousands dollars were i this beneath it by some tremendous convulsion.- have evidently induced a much greater ortal-
excrcise his profession of business, not as f undlnerd advanced to Mr. Swartwiou t Where the great concerns of this nation are ity by inflammatory diseases of the lungs.
excepting the business of g; as or ner advanced to Mr. wartw ow canvassed, and our}politicians are imagin- Even phthisis undegoes modifications with tihe
the present all the laws are abrogated Doubts were entertained of his solvency ing.that they may provide for the perpetuity gradual revolutions of climate. Hectic com-
which prohibit foreigners from the work in 182 as appeared by a letter from thie of our republic, memory, as if mocking their fences earlier, and thb fatal termination is pro-
iig of mines. Navy Department; but moneys were .schemes, points to the period when the mon- portionably rapid. There has been a percep-
i. Every foreigner, who may eter continued to be advanced by the govern sters ofthe deep flounced over the spot, and tible augmentation cf pulmonary diseases,
3. very foreigner, whol mak deter continuno dealcaton was no human being conceived that the. waters especially the last 15 years, in cities and in the
.n.ine to be a resident, shall make a tde meant and no detaication was declared un would not continue to hide it forever, country. The deaths in females, to those in
claration thereof before the municipality; til March 1823, 7 months after the expi- ThIe proofs of the amazing change arenu- males, by consumption, is as 3S to 2. The
who hall enrol inl the Census his own ration of Mr. Swartwout's term of office, merous and conclusive. It is announced by deaths by consumption, between the ages of
name and those of his family, with an wlen lhe was found to be a defaulter to the strata of earth; by the rounded stones, like 27 and 40, are to those between 19 and 27,
acco.ut of his place of origin, age, occu the amount of $68,000. In the mean ,those whichgrinde and polish each other oni th about 3 to 5.
sea shore; and by the numerous secondary for-
patio; orf profession; and from the time time a new contract was entered into be .,,es;.,, .,.iich without analysis instruct us rTphus is the prevailing type for two hun-
of such enrlment he shall be deemed teen the government and Mr. Swart,. r:l,, .:,.,, on the slightest inspection. In dred miles north and west ofBoston, especial-
an inhabitant and he shall therceforth en. wout, by which facilities were granted to many of the stones found even on the heights ly in September and October.
joy all other rights appertaining to na. him for fulfilling his bonds, and to which! around us, are distinct impressions of marine Cutaneous eruptions are less frequent and
tuaiz ithout prejudice to his o. Mr. Nicoll wasot a part. j shells. The lime of which these shells were less dangerous than in the more southerly parts
tauliz special, hitters of Ciijenship ib Ulner these circumstances the govern constituted, has been decomposed and has van- of the union. Catarrhal affections hold a con-
ta g special Letters of Citizenship i etes ished, or been incorporated with the general spicuous place in the catalogue of endemial
the m.llnncr pl described by law merit commences a prosecution against mass which when broken, exhibits the concave diseases, on the sea-shore and in the interior,
4. From the clay when any foreigner Mr. Nicol for. ': *.,.i: ', the amount of and convex surfaces of the marine substance, in the young and old, in all months of the
becomes an inhabitant he may, like a na which he was bound fto the faithful dis- and the vacant space produced by the slow year, Enteritis has become more common in
tive, hold ay vacant land or land belonging change of the duties of the Navy Agent waste of ages not now to be numbered. These our autumns; the child and adult are equally
to his place of settlement pulsuant to the It should be remarked that Mr. Nicoll stones are of various composition, some, being its subjects, particularly among the farmers.
flowing placovif setps received noe intimation either from t exceedingly hard, and others having the cha- Bowel affections of infants are more fatal than
following provisions received no intimation either fom the acter of the coarse grey sandstone, or what in the southern states. Boston Med. Intel.
5. Every citizen and every foreigner government of the Navy Agent that has I think erroneously been called granular
before he becomes an inhabitant may, ei- there was any defalcation on the part of quartz.
their alone. or in a company not exceed- the latter. "I havein my possession a specimen which MARINE LAW.
irg three persons, stipulate for the estab The points made by counsel for defen- must ee to Isaac Turner, a an of colour, was
Iishme tofie.' settlmments;for which pur'- lant were as follows, attempting to illustrate. It is a piece of char- Isaac Turner, a man of colour, was
lishmet ewsettlments;for which pu at wee as followscoal, thrown from a well in this city, at the brought bolore the Hon. Ashur Ware,
pose he shall present his plan to the Go- 1. That tie defalcation did not happen depth of more than twenty feet, apparently judge of the district Court of the United
vernmant of the State in whose district until after the expiration of the term of fresh and entirely sound, filled in all the in- Statesin Maine on the 8th of March last
the territory lies for such settlement, office of the Navy Agent, and that there terstices-andcovered-in-part-b-y -iro-npyrites ,States on ti of M h lst
The proper authority shall cause the plan fore the surety was exonerated fom his which give it great solidify and weight. The by writ of Habeas Corpus. It appeared
to be examined, and if approved it shall responsibility, pyrites are in small specks of brilliant lustre, on examination, that Turner had shippedI
.tobe examri intoed, acd if aproverd it shall 1rons ity. appearing in some parts as if inserted in lami- a cook on board the brig Effort of Salem,
be carried into effect; not, however dis -!. .hat a general law was passed by .n1; in others, scattered in the minutestparti- Capt Mliller, which was then laying at
pensing with rendering an account there the Congress of the United States on the cles, which have insinuated themselves into the wharf in Poitland; that Turner had
of to the Government of the Confedera- 15th of May,1820, requiring new sureties, every point of vacant spaee;andin others cor- absented himself from the vessel two
tion, which shall communicate it to the and of course new bonds, with unusual bined in masses heaped upon the exterior. Is -ab t ed el with eve he
penalties, to be iven by all receivin- it the relict of a forest, which grew thus deep nigts siccesively iout leave, ad the
eaeralConges r to be g n by al e in the beauty and bloom of vegetation, and second time was brought on board, late
6 Ti,. Authorities of each State shall not and disbursing officers of the government was entombed alive by the wrath of the ele- in the following forenoon, by the assis
admit of any stipulation for a nePv settl on the 30th September, 1820; and as the ments, or was it torn away with other wrecks tance ofa civil officer.
mvien, unless the sretllr bind himself to government failed to take new bonds in of a ravaged continent, to be mingled in the
furniiih at least fiflces families for it. that is the present case, the sureties were .not foundation of a new world? It appeared by the declaration of the
fiftevnfree, married persons. The Govern- liable after the last mentioned period. One of the handsomest specimensI have owner, that the captain by his direction
ment shall designate to the settler the tine III That there was a gross dereliction <1 found here is a petrifaction of wood, over then ca a cin o fastened to the
within which he shall furnish on tbe new ditly on the tpart ofh,'(go.rmet,, i nOmit which there is a perfect incrustation of little then caused chain to
tlement the numhtr families stipulated; n proe tle Na an i quartz crystals, reflecting the light in a thou- cook'sleg by a blacksmith with an iron
under p-nalty of his losing a part of his aking n to prosecute s the N y A to him i sand directions, and glittering with a sparkling rivet above the ancle; and that the chain,
ri-,iki ans of ileemob.y to hi, brilliance. I obtained it at about three miles which was of sufficient length to enable
,7g s sain as ten familisare tledi er i ws knon f he was a daulte r; from the capitol, from the' side of a gully, him to traverse the deck, was secu-
,7. As sthn s ten families are settled in and that Iii Ir.., cui.i ,fr the sureti es o where are the remnants of, apparently, a par- red by a lock to an ironing, bolted
S i t, they shallorganize l ,1.- l ..1 ti1r 11 -..,, i i,,rd .t breach of moor t: d- L in pieces, scatter-
I. .I granted as above- l a obligation. b 1 ..i: ,,, ,-.,, i1,.. toh.1, and there petrified. into the deck. It appeared that du
I ls ranted as ohat a mortgage taken by the go i.. .,,,. ,he kr, a. the texture of the ring the day time, he was kept in this
Sr. froi all taxes for property or posses- verfent on 'li property of Mr. Swartout. ,,,,,,,g itr.rc-, arc -*. naturally displayed, situation confined to the caboose house
as re ts any mdiviu or bdi in forI75 000 of which his suiet .s ke,, rnoh- ,I th.... -t.. -S t :.b,.g ; o.ecsry to detect o galley, at his work as cook. At-
-fr Tm orit-n-iTar-- fii I.e n I, I tI g', ig, clearly proved that the government the transmutation. night, is chains was unlocked, and so.
Sfrateri ties or beefieies which miy bare looked to hii ton mn ke good Ihe defalcation "Were Ito wander beyond this precinct, I night,his chains was unlocked, nd so
be- n vacated. .~nd not to Mr. Ni.-oll. could multiply proofs of the wonderful revol- ced in lace particularly fitted
-: By these regulations there is grant d It was contended by coiinsel fir the pros tion afthe physical constitution of this scene, tfr hi, between thedecksso as to enable
in its full and absolute title, to each married caution, that none of lhe foregoing consid until you would be fatigued. I have in my him to get in and out of his birth, but at
person in a nw settlement, a tract.f lan, rationsos could modify or annul the respon room a perfect stone oyster, ifI may so ex- the same time so as to prevent his escape.
rof on th,,insand var.s sqularm- [dbont one sbility of Mr. Nroll; that he hail in the u press myself, thrown from a well at Fort He was kept in this situation alternately
hoedred and serdsnty-eight Eglsh acres] sI al ay entered into bon s in the sum of Washington, so cummingly wrought that I was day and night for the space of from five
1i. E. cry ,iimio.irledt irsamo, who shall .-.iiii. for the faithful discharge oif tn inclined to ascribe its workmanship to the y 0
n. ,, six years in such settlements, duties f a Agent in ccountin o chisel of art, rather than the sport of nature. to seven or eight days, by the order of
rin e riow a tract if cosdr as anboveta andftieAnnac t
hi .1 I r e., t a ltarat of la as above and t il goer nmen t for 11 monies reeved It was r,., ..-i,.,i: moulded by her inthe the owner considering it, as he alleged,
if such marriag- shall be contracted with tat an actual def o f 6800 h primitive shell, which she reduced to dust, and more for the benefit of the cook Ihim
the borigintial inhabitants or persons ofo ol- ccur th defalcat rnment we no0 left the cast in perpetual testimony of her self, than to cause him to be committed
tr b longingal o th a country, the persons col- occurred; that th gte efiinot skill. to prison under the statue, at the expense
oarrbviringal tO eeiea natoy, ahe teraons o bomnl to notify Mr. Nitoll of the deficilt; Finally, what vere once those beautiful of the cook himself; which he several
na eeive an additional tract of and that they had an undoubted right ti and sguar pillars, which now sustain the several
lonhnes solicited.
11 The contractor for a settlement shall lok to him for th amount of the sureties massive dome of our Represetatives' Hall, times solicited.
flurthr receive an additional tract for every A the close of the arguilpent. his Honor but pebbles and stones, driven together by There was no proof however of any ill
fierriee ivn he a brdina to ra pr eve Judge Van Ness charged the jury in a very some furious tide, and consolidated into one
n12. Trneahve ariles reto bethe laces- clear and satisfactory manner, giving them a mass, as the cement of ou union has political- treatment on the part of the owner or of
asis o efar otractlss ir tosetler en- brief iand comprehensive view of the case. ly combined the individual and integrant mem- ficers of the vessel, beyond what might
rl. ihass of all contracts nith se ttrs. Ie1 he Jury tlhen retired, and after being out bers, urged together by the stormy impulses necessarily arise or be inferred from
13. Any married persons not compare a short time brought in a verdict for the of the revolution? these circumstances, except from the de-
to an'etln men a a already i themsealv def t. This formation has not been made by the' claration of the cook hiimsclf that he was
narrid person may thlie and shall The Statesn of Saturday contains he radal coibuti of a uvialeposit. It quite unwell during part of the time.
b intilk'd to a tract of' lard. following ad itioal particulars by %vay of' is con-posed as yousknow, of vales, ravines que was
b 14. E, ry settler bshal'be ohliged to cul- correction of an unintentional error. land.-i-t could have been produced only by y nication with any person on shore, from
tilv tI I. land according to its nature,un- It appeared in eviihe-e by the'testimony the direct agency of Him who divideth the anapprehension that they might assist
daer pealty of frfeting t i, whole or of Mr. Stone. ia thie mnmeut the idefal sea by his power," and who "overturneth the him in escaping. It was acknowledged
15r A tion was known to the Navy Deparltmlint mo"ttains by thleroots." To theorize on the by the cook, that he finally contrived to
l5. All lands grand in ne settlements, Co. Cha ey cam on to New York, at mysterious subject, is in my view only to file of te ivet around is leg ad ma
ha also cui d n like manner under C" Cm on to r en ork, p th presumptions, and the impotence of
penalty ol being deemnDij-vacantC lad so fr the requms of the DepartmPnt, and) count. speculative man; yet how many there are who his escape from the vessel as it appeared
as it shall rneaimn uneltivated tersigne: all checks on the branch Bank for assume to declare when the cornerstone of the during supper time ; although he com-
16 Th Government mai make farther th- payment of money; and that subs: quent- earth was laid, and by what means the Al- plained that his leg was so much galled
grantus in a dition to the above when an en" ly, Gni. S-artwout had no control wihatev mnigty Architect has wrought. It is a theme as to prevent his escaping to any consi
tire grant this bee, cultivated or when the c er the funds of the government. too vast for the limited comprehension of thesance e was retaken within
tired gof ran a ttl e shall require frsh ad- he mortgage taken from Gen. Swart. human intellect-anmd all we call rationally do,ce He s etan withi
ditmo. wout. was adrmrtteit.by the counsel for the is to admire the sublimity of the frorcG, which a day or two after, aId committee to pii-
17. very seller m freely dispose of d. fenant, and so charged by the judge, not shut the shore upon the proud waves, and the son ; end these circumstances appearing
.hila ens after elmplyia with te ondi to be a discharge of the surety. beneficence which gave their ancient domain as thus stated on the examination upon
tions fser complain. iIt aff. rds its great pleasure to make the to the empire of man. the hebeascorpus, it was moved on his
I8 Every settler is at liberty to return foregoing correction. Our report of the case The soil of the City of Washington would behalf, that he should be entirely dischar--
to his country or go elsewhere and carryhis was sketchel offn the courl room with sioe be called by lawyers real property; yet it is e.
o irsouptry or go elsewhere and carr hi aste,. and untirelv from mnmory ; arnd it is among the most unfixed and lunsulbstantial of
pro19 y also disp of s pr y scarly necessary to add, hat the omission things. In wetweather it dissolves as it seems It was argued on behalf of the prisoner
by mill .cunorm sly to t his property aw. as wholly -unintentional. In otthr res. and large gullies are melted out in the fields; that this made of restraint-securing a
pby ills it is believed the report will be found in tlle warm season it appears to be volatilized seaman like a criminal, on the deck of a
20. tIn case of dying intestate, the sc- accurate and rises into the air; so that Washington is du- sse wih c s d fetters, by the side
i-ssion haiill gar to there persons who would ring one part of thIe year nmud, and during wvesse ith chr-as such a violate siden
be his hei s by law. A FABILE-FoU XVhI.ML -TOr.o N another part a cloud. The material of the soil of a public whlar---was suc a violation
21b he y law. s for A ox, ralier of te lean k trve is c, discoloured y the aide of iron. It of the personal rights of the seaman, such
21 Every new settlrmen shall for 20. Ano ox rather of the lean kind, travel becomes fixed by fire, andl on the whole no a public scandal, and so revolting to the
years b. fuee from all contribuing and oth ling on a dull journey, came to a noble place can boast of greater facilities for brick- spirit of our laws, as amounted to a total
r hall also be river which he found t ipossible to pass. making. dissolution of the maritime contract and
2-2. It ullsh also be free from all monop He alternately coaxed antI reviled the iss -
olies, anud m.y promote every branch of tu- peding stream; but still ie could not get These pillars are a beautiful species ofbre. entitled the seaman to an absolute dis-
dusryv, including mining. on.At length, fired with a brave indignation, cia, or pudding stone, obtained from the banks charge.
Tr is a rate fr 20 ear an resolve, at once, to exterminate is of te Potomac. It receives fine polish, and The judge eld, however in substance
exeinpTion rosn alutis orn ctporls, by sea esol at one to exteriate his clouded with all the various slhiadtes and colors r
a laud, of produce and other articles cf enemy and show his own power, by drink- of the richest marble. Our readers will ob- that tile contract of hire for marine ser-
Commerce ing the river dry He went so manfully serve the force and beauty ofthe comparison, vice stands oh reasons in many re-
4. n e m ner liberty is given to to work that in a short time he burst him- instituted by our correspondent, between aspects peculiar to itself, and bearing a
imrt Irou ot countries f(or 20 years. self; but the river flowed on unconscious these massive concretions of matter, andthse strong aiaiogy to contracts for military
25. Asr pm.ons ion iu given to introduce of the danger that had menaced it. political bodies, urged together by thestor- service;--. hat a seaman who a andons
msy impulses of tIme rcvolrmtionum' and comasRi-
free of .dutis tand imposts every kind od "ttimi tuhtin those tirm and substainttial pillars which ihe vessel is not considered merely as vi-
ship or n, ssel of foreign construciiin, being REAIUNGa Pa. April 7. support the temple of our freedom. relating a civil contract, but as in some
regimiter, d as thliose of the Ecountry. We understand that during one of the nights degree a criminal, and liable to corpol al
26. Erv,'ry pl -ce shall bar its proportion of last week, a part of the head of a negro 'E-- punishienm:. That there was nothing in
of pio.iC blurlenis. child, in the suburbs of this borough, was eat DISEASES 01O NEW ENGLAND. h'i ine i. o 'at theme ws no1tlm i, ii
27. Eiry p.'so,, ios prohihited from in away by the rats, whilst in bed with its moth- As population and agricuiltue have increas- the nodc ofni client athiptedtl on siis
tr. mmii';r m fm-"ni ahroad into thile new smttle er! Though munch injured the child lives, ed, there has been a modification of diseases oosss, rccasionu, oltiary .o th. general spirit
tis SLAVS ,f afny tage or sex; anrt A lad ii the service of Jonathan Loos, of in all climates of the world. In New I'.. 11i.1. intl principles of the marine law. Thatl
slam'is so ii ruluced shall by that act be Hleidelberg township, aged about 12 years, within the last forty years, plhysici,, ''..- there was, under alli circumstances no t:x
t..r. f.... being sent one day last week to clean out a remarked a variety oi diseases, which ave ccss of iiishmmient in this case; ai:d last-

S 8. im G rnnt shallconmuit cow staib lie hung himself at IOone o the grnua ly becomtecommon, tlmat oimcerlymu v rcni
this Diert t Io.reignr nations and sia stals ith acow chain. T'he chain as fixed ounly' known through the Imedium of autos. Iy tat the statute of the U. providing
th,' De r, to itby eig, national Envoys ll so low that he was obliged to fill upon his Snows fall less frequently, less in qu:atity, for the apprehicnsion of deserting seamil:ln
li. p hI;::r. t bmc y (f t ie le n ert l a ys. knees, in order that it might have effect, and are but ephcemera, compared with t use by warrain and thlir cohnilemienl l prM)i-
tSi Gedfrl; rancy f Mid] rIo Ameri-a. OnO Tuesday of last week, at the Court of heavy bodies which laid three and four mo ths -,on, is only auxiliary to the marine law
SignFd; Friandi Anm Davi'la Schuylkill county, John Zimmerman was tried upon the ground, half a century ago. Sudln II a dues tl supercde it evrn in
,. ,...; Jo.e Amo..no Aslii.a Dep. Sec y- ofor the murder of Ihis own daughter, in Decem- changes of temperature, from summer-he to ,rlts f tIe U. Sarlcs. Tie pisoni II,
M :,i I ilSi riiren, UDe. See !,.&c. A 'h' ber last. 'Thejuiry returned verdict ofguilty thie severest extremes of cold, are iox- ports Oe c lt ile lirt sd to pustoty.- Ports
Naionai Palace of Guat'. ala,, Jan.25, 1821 of murder ill the first degree, but the coult perienced i those months, which were ce heturhor mtade to custody.- Iwor
!ii the liamre of Guod, Ulnion, and Liberty. has granted himi a new trial. Times, nearly stationary at a freezing point. Old co-. ;n'uia Jo'r.

EIGHTEENTH CONGRESS. From the Ncew- ilrk R national advocate, .,il 7 t.
[X ,SENA'ITE-WTtdetsday, -rilT7. A person was yesterday brought up to t!.e
hi, bill -to :.ilow dra o,.itk mi,. llh ex- Police charged with picking a pocket in tihe
porlalion of cordage. nimanuf.acurid of crowd on the day when Johnson was executeel.
foreign hcmnp,' wa' tlaktn upi fTr consideia- A memorandum book of small value was :is-
tioe; in crninmiilte of tii i hole. len, but his history is a strange compound of
5Mr. )D WOLF maud a f'w rrnmaiks on villainy and suffering. He served his tnie in
hb subjec!,,anmd Mr. I.,NMAN nmovd ii omu State Prison for grand larceny; he went to
niew section o tle bill, h lltg its opera- Boston and got into State Prison there; in a;-
tion the term of three ) ears. T'his was tempting to break prison he was shot by theI
ug~romito. .sentinel in the leg, but lie effected his escape
r. ALOTthought the bill ouht nd arrived safe in Philadelphia. Here he was
Sa estetd for some crime, sent to the State 'Pri-
Ihe postpone until sariic, decision should son, and broke out five separate times from
be had upon the Taf i, now belmo e that prison, and was at each time re-taken.
other hblieos ie(l-oved m tie potlponelenln TOhM AND JERRY AGAIN.
of tlhe bill to hMonday r:exl. Corinthian Tom was brought up to the Po-
lice yesterday for another lark. It seems that
[-OUSE OF REPRESI,'NTATIVES Tom was at e Tattersal's, in Pear street, near
Mr. IFLOYI), ifronm tlie sehcl enntnilmt' Broadway; examining the fine points ofa horse.
on tlhe subject of the occupation of the A French Monsieur desirous ofpurchasing the
Mouth of thie Oregon. to hvilsin vwas r.-fer animal, got into a dispute with Tom, which
red the nmcmloriallof John Cleves Sylmtnmies terminated by his throwing Monsieur into the
iad Thomas L. r:ile, pr.iyTii to be al ;o m el manger, ind from thence tumbled him under
a grant of Lani on lthe Northieit Coasl, the legs of the horse, to the incredible danger
for coiirmnercial purposes, iri.wvr d that thei of the gentleman and the derangement of his
coinmitte he be diichar hd th'er-lfrom, and, as clothes. Two marshals went in pursuit of Co-
the memorial related to commercial obhes) rinthian TonI, and found him in bed next door
that it should be ref-.ircd to the Cormmoitte, to Tattersal's, with hat, boots & plaid cloak on.
on Corn -erce-; which motion was agreed to Tom resisted stoutly, and planted a blow or
Mr. F RSY I'H offered the following twoin the marshal's bread basket, and struck
resolution: another over his knowledge box. With assis-
Resolved That the l'residlent of the U- tance they brought Tom to the Police: the
nitedi Siates be requested to c.iomml, icat Inoent he entered lhe madefight and sky lark-
to is house th proposals nmie tr ed in a glorious manner: He floored a coach,
to this -Ious e th, propels male lhrond h beat the marshals, and would have given tlhe
Gen.JACKSON, hy tlhe Path Killer and his niagistrates a staple of the hammer school, but
Chitfs of tie Cheroklee tribi- of Indians in ie could not reach them. Bob Logic, Trifle
the year 1820 or 18-21, to nmke a cession of and terry entered to bail him, but they could
their lands to the United States-togoetiier not raise the wind, having spent their last mag
with any other propositions maide in relation at a spree the night previous.
to The same subject, of which he may be Corinthian Tom was literally dragged to
possessed.' Bridewell, making battle all the way most furi-
T'Ils resolution lies on the table one day ously, and the Grand Jnry now in session has
of course found four bills against him for assault and bat-
REVISION OF THE TARIFF. tery. Tom swears that he was "not at fault,"
'Tb, house then proceiedel'to the consid- the jury, however, may determine otherwise.
eraiion of the ainendnirnts reported hv the He is well known on the Turf and in court.
committee cf the iswhole to 1th To'r,ff Bill. .
Mr. FORSYTH rose anrd withdreww the
firiation, yesterday iven of his intention From the Greensburg Penns. Republican, 'pril2.
n)w t rmove th e ind finite postponement MELANCHOLY OCCURRENCES.
of the ill.. This he didtat the siigge.sion On Wednesday the 17th ult. Bernard Cornyn,
ofseverd memnbers(contrary to his previous ofUnity township, a youth, repaired to the
impression.) thal the features of the bill woods with a little sister, and cut down a small
were not sufficiently fix. d by votes in corn tree, which in falling lodged against another:
mittee of the lwho:e, as to deterrmine all ih.e this he ascended for the purpose ofextricating.
rinembmers to vote dIecisively for or against the three that had'lodged, and in doing so was
the reaction of tie hill i its p resent sIate precipitated to the ground; the tree fellacross
the reaction of the hill in -is present sate the neck of the unfortunate youth, and depriv-
He should therefor dfr Is i motion until ed him of life almost instantaneously.
the qu,-stion had been settled as to the a Oi the nightof the 22d ult. Mr. Weaver, an
nimonlu f duties to be proposed on the lead industrious and useful citizen, was drowned in
ini articles, wool colton and iron. the lower mill pond, on Sewickly creek. Mr.
The cl,.rk then read the several amend-. Weaver, with a team and wagon, had deter-
ments reporld by tie Committee of the mined to reach home during the night; it was
WAhole. And the question being on con very dark, and the road difficult to travel. Ap-
curring in the first amendment, (reducing prehensive that his horses might plunge over
the mirlimuim on w,,olens, from 80 to 40 some of the precipices that were adjacent to
cents (the square yard)- the road, he left them for the purpose, it is
Mr TOD rose, and del vered, at length supposed, of ascertaining whether he could
his sentiments on their general principles of proceed with safety. He lost the road and
the bill, in reply to the speeches made on wandered about until he arrived at a hillock in
thle other side upon h:a subject, especially an old mill pond, where his tracks were dis-
thoseof Mr. WIEBSTER and Mr. HAI- covered. From thence he proceeded for the
IL''ON. and continued his remarks till new pond and fell about sixteen feet into the
pait 2 o'clock. water, where his body was found the next
MD. HAMILT'ON spoke in reply. Mr. morning. The horses remained during the
T')D rejoined; aud Mr HAMILTON re night in the situation in which they were left
spnnded. by him.
pWhen On Saturday last, a flat sunk in the Kiskimi-
esi putnitas river, when Mr. Martin Bash, a highly
by Yeas and Nays, s folIows:--Yeas 101- respectable citizen of Washington township,
Nays 99 was drowned.
So the House connrred with the Comnmit And on the same day, in Washington town-
tee of the Whol-..in reducing the minimum ship, a child belonging to Mr. Henry Bortz,
on woolens from 80 to 40 cents. about five years of age, was p1,1.. near two
And mrItn thea ::s.,se tljournedi. I men whno were.sasingv-hrougt. rt.: hi fiahad
HOUSE O R~. i been blown down. Without being observed,
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. the child got into the place where the roots
Friday, April 9. had been torn out, and when the tree was cut
Mr. R ANK1N, from tile committee on0
M'. hi ANKIN, romi tie committee on through, the stump sprang back and caught
the Public Lands, reported, without a- it, leaving nothing uncovered but the head
amendment, the following bills from the and one hand. Assistance was procured, but
Senate: A hill 'supplemei-tary to the before the child could be extricated, it was
several acts providing tor ascertaining dead.
and adjusting the title sand claims to land I
in the St Helena aad Jackson Court REGIONS FORMED BY THE DELUGE.
House land districts;' and a bill -to pro- It appears from several recentscientific pub-
vide for the extinguishment of the debts licationsthat many four geologists have adopt-
due to the United States by the purchas- ed a new word into their nomenclature, or at
ers of public sns;' which were respect least have given it a new application. Thi.
ers of public sd whicwereword is Diluvial," and is now to be applied
tively referred to committees of the to express those tracts of country which ow-e
whole. their formation to the operation of the deluge;
Mr. HAMILTON, from the commit- or, as it is usually expressed, to causes which
tee to whom was referred the bill from are not now in operation. These formations,
the Senete 'for the reliefof Alfred Moore i which have been heretofore ranked under the
ani Sterling Otnin, assinees of loris a alluvial class, are now very properly regarded
SS O as of a different character, and in this country
Linsey,' reported the same without a the distinction is of particular importance, :.
meindmept. America abounds no less in regions formed by
Mr. HAMILTON, front the same the !-,tnesthan in low allies, meadows, sav-
committee, reported a bill "to comper.- annEs. .. formed by the proper alluvial pro-
sate William Cocke for certain milila:y cess, by deposits fiom brooks and rivers. Sa
services en eed to ter cUite ay extensive indeed are our dilvial tracts of coun-
services rendered to the United tas try, that almost our whole sea coast, from
during the late war,' which was twice Cape Cod to Florida and the mouth ofthe Mis-
read and committed. sissippi, seems likely to be ranked under tltat
REVISION OF THE TARIFF appellation. N. York D. Adv.

The House resumed the consider
ration of the report of the committee of
the whole on the bill for the Revision of
time Tariff
The House concurred with the Corn
mittee of the whole in the 5th amend
meant, which is to strike out the follow.
ing :
On Russia duck, pet piece of fifty
two archeens, two tdoliais each piece;
On 'Raven's (luck, per piece of fifty
two archeens, oiue dollar and twenty five
cents each piece;
On Holland tduck, per piece of fifty-two
acheens, two dollars and fifty cents each
The House also agreed to the 6th
amendment, which is to substitute the 4j
cents instead of 6 cents, as the duty on
cotton bagging. Ayes 84, noes 62.
The 7thl amendment, which is to re-
luce the duty on bar iron, from 1 12 to
90 cents per hundred weight, being under
A debate arose, in which Messrs
STIEWAR IT, opposed thie reduction; and
WEBSTER, and MARVIN, support.
ed it.
The question was taken by yeas and
nays, at u quarter of an hour before four
o'c lock-wien thie lilouse agreed to the
reduction--Ayes 120, Nnes 85.
A motion to adjoi:r n was tlien made
and carried--Ayes 102, Noes 97.
So the lHouse .ndjoi ned.

SA'.KM. (N. J ) April 7.
A Mr Zane was connnitted to jail yes-
I'd0. on suspicion of being the person
\\io 'shot Joseph Cook, Esq. as mention-
ed iin our last. WVe loIbear mentioning
IpIrticu ars, at present.-- AlesscngIer

Mlassachusetts Election.-Unlike ths
electoi s of Connecticut, in Massachusetts
there appears tc have been a more ge-
neral rallying of the freemen than ever.
In Boston, upwards of 6000 votes were-
polled, viz: 3354 for Mr. Lathrop the fe- .
deral candidate for Governor, and 305S2
for Governor Eustis. Four of the six
Senators elected in Suffolk district, are
federalists; one of the democratic candi.
dates has succeeded, and there is one va-
cancy. From 21 towns heard from, the
the vote stands 6980 for Lathrop, and
7641 for Eustis. Last year, in the samni
towns, the vote stood 5,700 for Otis, and,
6910 for Eustis. It thus appears that
there has been a gain of voles by both
parties; but there is a net federal gain of
549. There must be a greater gain in
proportion, in other parts of the state to
carry in Mr. ILatbrop ; and our pressnit
impressions are, that Mr Eustis has
again succeeded. We shall be better able
to form an opinion to norrow.-,'. Y.
Com. .idv.

WVe are authorized and requested to
announce Col. Joseph Cross, as an electo-
ral candidate for the District compo-
sed ofC.alvert and a part of Prince Gemr-
ge's aind Montgomery Counties, in thb
State of Maryland. Col. Cross, if eect-
ed, will vote for J. Q. Adams for Presi-
tdent, and J. C Calhoun for Vice Presi-
eent.-An't. Int.

A letter, received in this city from
Natchez, ot the 15th March, announces
thie death of Licut. Guion, of the Army ol'
thie United States, a most proniisilpj
young officer, who was shot through tIb
hart, int a duc:i, about that date.--..J

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