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Norristown free press
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 Material Information
Title: Norristown free press
Physical Description: 8 v. : ; 52 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Henry S. Bell
Place of Publication: Norristown Pa
Creation Date: March 23, 1836
Publication Date: 1829-1837
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Norristown (Pa.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Montgomery County (Pa.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Pennsylvania -- Montgomery -- Norristown
Coordinates: 40.12 x -75.341667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Dec. 15, 1829)-vol. 8, no. 8 (Jan. 25, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Henry S. Bell, <1831>; Robert Iredell, <1832>.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
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Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 13878317
lccn - sn 85036104
System ID: UF00073674:00002
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Norristown herald and free press (Norristown, Pa. : 1837)

Full Text












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PRINTED AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY, IN THE BOIRO GIT OQP NORRISTOWN, PA. BY ROBERT IREDELL.


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THE'NTorrtitoitn ffrec ress is published ev-
ery Wednesday morning, at TWO DOLLARS per.
year, one half payable in advance. No subscription
taken for less than six months, and no discontinu-
ance permitted until all arrearages are discharged.
A failure to notify a discontinuance will be consid-
ered as a wish to continue the subscription.
ADVERTISEMENTS will be thankfully received,
and published at the rate of One Dollar per square
forthe firs tthreeinsertions; and twenty-fivecents
for every subsequent insertion.
0j All LETTERS, &. addressedto the Editor, on
business connected with the establishment,must
be postpaid, to receive attention.



FROM THE AMERICAN MONTHLY MAGAZINE.
The Little Blind Boy.
BY MISS H. F. GOULD.
0, TELL me the form of the soft summer air,
That tosseo so gently the curls of my hair,
It breathes on my lips, and it fans my warm cheek,
But gives me no answer though often I speak.
I feel it play o'er me, refreshing and light,
And yet cannot touch it, because I've no sight.
And music, what is it? and where does it dwell?
I sink and I mount with its cadence and swell,
While thrilled to my heart with the deep-going
strain,
Till pleasure excessive seems turning to pain.
Now, what the bright colours of music may be
Will any one tell me ? for I cannot see.
The odors of flowers that are hovering nigh,
What are they? on what kind of wings do they fly?
Are these shining angels, who come to delight
A poor little child that knows nothing of sight ?
The face of the sun never comes to my mind.
Oh tell me what light :s, because I am blind ?

The Song of the Wandering Italian.
I love thy ruined fountains,
I love thy fruitful vales,-
Where, o'er thy snow-capped mountains,
The eagle proudly sails.
Though tyrants may oppress thee,
I turn in hope to thee !-
'Midst every sorrow bless thee,
My own bright Italy.
I view thine ancient story,
Deep on the front of time,
When fame had spread thy glory
O'er every land and clime ;
But in thy desolations
Thou'rt dearer far to me
Than when thou ledst the nations,
My own loved Italy.
For genius showers o'er thee,
Her sett.,pire awes the proud,
And spirits bow before thee,
As once the nations bowed.
Of all thy far dominion
This yet remains to thee,-
Thou of the eagle pinion,
Thou once proud Italy.
The ploushare has gone through thee,
The children of thy soil
Or with their tears bedew thee,
Or watch a tyrant's smile ;
Or, absent, they deplore thee,
And from afar-like me,
Pour forth their spirits o'er thee,
My own loved Italy.
Can I forget thee? Never ?
Land of my earliest days,-
When virtue pleased, and ever
Her best reward was praise ;
Or her whose vows were plighted
Beneath the myrtle tree,
When eve thy skies had lighted,
My own bright Italy.
And yet within thine ashes
Lie hid the slumbering fires,
As breaking forth in flashes
They emulate our sires.
Love shall again restore thee,--
Once more thou shalt be free,
And we with joy adore thee,
My own bright Italy.


MR. BROOKS IN SWITZERLAND.
The Alps.
SIMPLON. Sept. 13th, 1836.
Our party this morning consisted of four cath-
olic priests. the two Englishmen, the Virginian,
and myself. The catholic priests were most
delightful companions, intelligent, agreeable,
and jovial, answering all our questions with
pleasure, and offering us service in all the ways
they could proffer it; now pointing out the
winding passes of the road, and now teaching
us how to shorten our distance, on foot as we
were. But plague on the Valaisan pretty maids,
-for as we passed some cottages, they deluded
,them away from our society, and then kept
them away so long, that the last sight we had
of them was nearly three hours after, when
from one of the upper galleries of the road, we
described them far below us, full two hours dis-
tant, though we could almost hit them with a
stone, so little was the distance in reality, in an
air line. What shall I say now of this magnif-


they set him apart and far above the common
butchers of the day. The Simplon Alp, howev-
er, is not his only monument, but almost every
Alpine pass bespeaks his fame. He cleared the
robbers off. He made Italy safe. He has
tempted the traveller to journey hither. He
has given him shelter upon the mountains as
well as security in the plains. I cannot upon
this spot while admiring his genius, even think
of the oceans of blood he shed, and of the
slaughter and wreck of all hopes that he brought
into thousands of innocent families. Peace to
his memory! If there be gradations of rank in
the world of spirits, let Lucifer give him the
highest seat at his own right hand, for surely
his valor and his genius have won the honor.
My companions and I commenced making
the ascent in excellent spirits. The rise is so
gradual that there is no more difficulty in ma-
king it than in walking upon the common road.
Strange enough is the spectacle of galleries with
the road running just above your heads, to
reach which you must walk an hour perhaps!
Stranger too is the prospect above from the re-
gion below, of eternal sn*Tws on mountain tops
which seem as if they were hid in the skies,
where you must soon pass too, and wade in the
very snows yourself! We loitered along, amu-
sing our travels with the survey of every mag-
nificent piece of-work-a noble bridge here, and
a gallery there, overhanging the most fearful
precipices, made perfectly safe, however, by
walls, and barriers and parapets-now looking
at the catholic images upon the little oven built
lodges upon the roads,-uttering jokes of course,
as all wicked Protestants will do,-anon enter-
ing the refuges that Bonaparte stationed all
along to shelter the traveller from the storms,
or looking into, as in the lower part of this
mountain, the humble cottages here and there
to chat with the peasantry, buying a bitofbread
or a drop of wine to encourage us in our up-
ward ascent.
In one of these cottages we found a chamois
hunter, and we made him explain the particu-
lars of his difficult .and dangerous trade. A
glass that he had, showed him when the cham-
ois trod the snowy mountain top, far above the
loftiest gallery of the Simplon, and when the
nimble-footed creature was leaping from peak
to peak, to descend the mountain to feed upon
the moss and niggardly grass of the lower rocks,
he sallied out with his ill built gun to lie in wait
for him in some sly corner of the cliffs, and
thus to shoot him as he passed. The difficulty
and danger of such a chase one can only see
and feel, who leaves the trodden path, and seeks
to make a road for himself. I know what the
difficulty is, for a gallery of the road, visible,
but just above me as I fancied, tempted me to
make one of those short cuts ever so tempting
to all pedestrians, but always such bad bargains
in the end ;-and no sooner had I quit the beat-
en road than I found myself clambering up an
ascent fearfully steep, clinging to every bush,
now on my hands, and now prostrate on the
ground, rolling the stones downwards in little
avalanches-my companion behind screaming
to me, "keep still," for "the stones rattled down
upon him like rain," while I was puffing and
perspiring, and at work with feet and fingers.-
in the end gladly resolving, as I reached the
road, never again to attempt a short cut upon
an Alp. How delicious here, over the streams
that run down the sides of the mountains, the
icy water, in which we assuaged our thirst, that
came trickling through every crevice, more de-
lightful and purer than even the delicious wines!
The hot sun drew out a flow of perspiration,
and the pure cold water of the Alps, in which
we bathed our temples and our hands, was a
richer treat than the luxurious stores of any ice
house in a warm southern clime. Now we
would look over the banks of the road, and lift
huge stones over them to roll down the prec-
ipice so as to hear the rumbling of the thunder
far below. Here the aqueducts would attract
our attention, through which the foaming wa-
ter was running far under the road. Now, as
we ascended higher, and the air was chillier,
we would look with rapture upon the plain of
Valais, and the valley of the Rhone all green
below ,us-while all above us was as white as
the snows could make it,-and then as we pas-
sed the region of vegetation, the roar of the tor-
rents, tlhe magnificence and variety of the view,
the sudden change of the seasons, the brightsun
over our heads, and the cold snow under our
feet, thIe dark caverns cut through the solid
rock to make the pass, the doubtful position
whether we were of earth or heaven, one dis
play of the power of man in an achievement of
more than Roman enterprise, contrasting grand-
ly with the savageness of the place, and all else
thIe sublimity of a God, so inflamed the imagi-
nation, that as I recalled the fine verses of Pope,
I did indeed in my fancies "Mount o'er the
vales and seem to tread the sky." And as we


ascended further, and emerged from the most
sombre grotto of the glaciers in the highest gal-
lery of the road, the snow there a foot deep or
more in which we were wading,-seeing yet
far above us the white peak of the Schon Horn,
we felt the full force of the concluding verses,
and the sound and sense fully corresponded
with our feelings, as we sat down in the high
est refuge to refresh ourselves, exclaiming sim-
ultaneously, as it were,-
"Th' increasing prospect tires our wandering eyes,
Hills deep o'er hills, and Alps on Alps arise."
The highest part of the road thus reached,
not the summit of the mountain, which with its
glacier was yet far above us-and a few curious
stones having been purchased of the Cantonni-
ers living in the last refuge, we wound along by
the Hospice, now inhabited by monks belong-
ing to the Grand St. Bernard, watching the di-
vision of the mountain streams, and imagining
their various adventures, as some of them
sought Italy, and others the Rhone and France.
Petrarch versified a noble though a common
feeling, when he spoke of the elevation of the
mind inspired even by a tree amid the green
grass and upon a mountain, as superior to all
that a ,palace, a theatre, or any human edifice
can inspire. This is true with men whose eyes


Machiavel, Boccacio and Dante, how much
brighter must that enthusiasm be in the Amer-
ican who sees for the first time the grand mau-
soleum of his ancestors with its walls all radi-
ant with the glory of centuries, the tombs of
great men thickly studding every niche, and
Poetry, War, Philosophy, Sculpture, Painting,
Architecture, triumphing under every arch !-
But the American's enthusiasm is soon stifled
after he has been in many Cathedrals. Anon,
he treads in the aisles of the most majestic with-
out one strange emotion. The innate love of
nature again takes possession of him. The
created pleasures of a contrast with home lose
their strongest hold. I thought of all these
things as I clambered tip above the galle-
ry of the road, on the Simplon, and there deep
in the snows, opened the flood gates of reflec-
tion in a bosom which in a few months has so
often changed its opinions, as it has felt new
pleasures created, and corrected by new ob-
jects.
The coldness with which I first looked upon
the trees, and the groves of England, wearied
of trees as I so often save been in thie magnifi-
cent forests of America, from the Floridas al-
most to the gulph of St. Lawrence, came upon
my memory :-and then I contrasted with the
delight that even now a single tree could create,
as I responded to the sentiment of Petrarch.-
Snowden, the lion-mountain of Wales, had no
charms for me, because I have seen so many
mountains in America, but a long tarry in the
allies of Europe, changed the soft delight infu-
sed upon the mind by the quiet landscapes all
around me, into something of terror and much
of sublimity as I stood upon an Alpine glacier.
In fact it is contrast, after all, that gives much
of the peculiar character to these mountain
peaks, but it is contrast aided by nature amid
her mightiest battlements. They spring up of
a sudden from the valleys on no margin of ta-
ble land. Fierce winter and luxurious summer
are under your eye at once. The stunted fir,
and the rich grape are but a short distance apart.
You shiver with cold under a noonday sun, and
perspire under its setting beams. No Cathedral,
no edifice of man, no matter how august, can
thus alleviate the intellect as do such prospects
as these. Nature here has displayed, if not
her utmost, as on the Andes, or in the Niagara,
or in the mighty Mississippi, something of the
mingled grandeur of each and all :-and then,
what is more, the Alps have a history. The
noble Roman has trodden over them! They
lead to Italy As is the ocean that parts the
new world from the old, so is the Alpine barri-
er that parts Past from the Present. Over
the mountain passes where the Roman legions
marched to subdue the Gaul and the German,
the Gaul and the German come now to put
their yoke upon the Roman. The forests
where Caesar hunted the barbarian are peopled
with a race that grind Italy to the dust.
Is it a fancy, as I think here of my own far'
off home, and imagine, that as Westward the
star of Empire wends its way," some day or
other, my countrymen will be playing the part
in England and Europe, over the Atlantic bar-
rier, that the Gaul and the German are playing
here? Oh, if it ever have the power, that it bhe
not in forging chains, but in shivering them,
and letting loose this down trodden world !-
Strange it is in the reverse of empires, that the
portion of the earth, the fairest portion too,
where Liberty so long had its abiding place, is
now the most oppressed. As I go down into
Italy, I feel even that I, though an American,
must become a new man. I must close my
mouth. I must lift my hat before the menial
slaves of power dressed in the bunting and
feathers of base authority. I must write, if I
write at all, with a peril. Some accursed Aus-
trian bayonet stands at every gate threatening
vengeance upon all who think of freedom.-
Adieu to Switzerland The men of the moun-
tains have kept consecrated there the holy ban-
ner of Liberty won by the valor of William
Tell. The rocky barriers of the Alps have been
their walls. Fit temples with fit worshippers.-
This fortress, tyrants, ye can never shake, a
fortress too, in the heart of your despotisms,-
a little green spot that does one's heart good in
this wilderness of yours. Of Italy ye have
made a tomb. I go there as I would into the
vaults of the dead; with a cautious tread and a
fearful whisper. What a slave does fear make
of a man Even the sons of the Roman are
but mummies. Fear has withered all their en-
ergies.
But the glory of the Past, what a glory it is!
Can it be, that the land where sweet Virgil sung,
where lively Horace lived, where Cicero wrote
and spoke,--the later home of the Italian Poets,
and the Italian Painters and Sculptors too, is
like all other lands ? Has genius no peculiar
home, no consecrated abiding place? How is
it that men degenerate? But has Italy degen-
erated ? Is not Italy even now the honmeofge-


nius ? If the men are mummies, are they not
like the sleeping knight carved by Michael An-
gelo, sleeping because injustice reigns, so as not
to see, and not to hear it. 'The Italians, Madam
de Stael has said with truth, are more remark-
able for what they have been, and what they
can be, than for what they are now; but the
glory of the fine arts, the only one which is per-
mitted them-has it lost its lustre? is it dimin-
ished ? is not Italy even now the home of the
arts, and the school of the world? *
You have the reflections of an American upon
the Alps as he is about to go down into the
plain of Italy. This Simplon whence I date
this is on the Southern side, a little village 3216
Paris feet above the level of the Mediterranean.
You see therefore, that I am not yet on the
sunny plains below, nor have I yet gone over
the finest part of Napoleon's magnificent road.
What visions crowd upon my imagination !-
Will they be realized ? B.



THE INFIDEL MOTHER.
BY CHATEAUBRIAND.


she has no thoughts of marriage, for what sen-
sible man would unite himself for life to an
impious partner?
The infidel wife has seldom any idea of her
duties; she spends her days either in reasoning
on virtue without practising its precepts, or in
the enjoyment 8fthe tumultuous pleasures of
the world.
But the day ofvengeance approaches. Time
arrives ; leading age by the hand. The spectre,
with icy hair, and silver hands, plants himself
on the threshold of the female Atheist.; she
perceives him and shrieks aloud. Who shall
hear her voice? Her husband? She has none,
long, very long, has he withdrawn from the
theatre of dishonor. Her children? Ruined
by an impious education, and by maternal ex-
ample, they concern themselves not about their
mother. If she surveys the past, she beholds a
pathless waste ;-her virtues have left no traces
behind them. For the first time she begins to
be sensible how much more consolatory it
would have been to have a religion. Unavail-
ing regret.! When the Atheist, at the term of
his career, discovers the fllusimrs of & false
philosophy; when annihilation, like an appal-
ling meteor, begins to appear above the horizon
of death, lie would fain to return to God, but it
is too late; the mind, burdened by incredulity,
rejects alliconviction.
How different is the lot of the religious wo-
man Hjr days are replete with joy; she is
respected, beloved by her husband. her children
and her household ; all place unbounded confi-
dence in her, because they are firmly convicted
of the fidelity of one who is faithful to her God.
The faith of this Christian is strengthened by
her happiness, and her happiness by her faith ;
she believes in God because she is happy, and
she is happy because she believes in God.

FASHIONABLE PARTIES.
IN the good old days of our grandmothers,
when soirees and conversaziones would have
sounded like the dialect of Timbuctoo, and had
as much meaning as an Egyptian hieroplyph-
ick, parties and balls were, given for comfort,
chat, and friendly intercourse; a rubber of
whist and a contre-dance, were the order of the
evening, a hearty supper crowned the festivities
of the night, and the company were sound
asleep by the time when the balls of the present
generation are commencing. In those days ten
or a dozen couDles were looked upon as a good-
ly company; at present they would be consid-
ered as a comparative solitude. People then
died of old age, or the doctor at the worst; con-
sumption, dyspepsia, and a frightful catalogue
of diseases, only known within the last half
century, now decimate society. Different man-
ners produce different maladies; and consump-
tion arises less from climate than from habits.
N. V. Mirror.


FROM TILE CINCINNATI MIRROR.
RIENZI.
A new work from the pen of Bulwer, founded
on the fortunes of the Roman Tribune, Rienzi,
will necessarily excite some curiosity with re-
gadd to w real character of his hero. We in-,
tend giving a slight sketch of Rienzi, that those
who are our readers, and who have not read
more copious accounts, may be assisted in
forming an estimate of his character. Miss
Mitford some years ago produced a tragedy
bearing his name, which has been much more
successfutLthan tragedies ordinarily are. For
our facts, we are indebted to Gibbon.
In the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries,
superstition reposed like a midnight shadow
upon the inost civilized nations of the earth.-
Scarce a jay of reason-so far as the subject of
religion was concerned-seemed left in posses
sion of tho human mind. Some few and easily
suppressed struggles were the only symptoms
of life, which heralded that greater struggle
which emancipated the nations, and sent a twi-
light wheie all before had been gross darkness.
It was while the mantle of superstition thus
enveloped the human mind, that Rienzi, early
in the fourteenth century, conceived the project
of politicAlly regenerating the City of the seven
hills.' Although of the most plebeian origin,
yet his parents gave him an education, which
qualified him for the career on which he after-
wards Eutered. His mind was inflamed as it
contemplated Rome-the Niobe of Nations,' as
Byron terms her-as she is depictured on the
pages o' Livy. The orations of Cicero added
fuel to tHe flame; and the base born Rienzi, thus
inspired, breathed the hope, which soon matur-
ed into i prospect, that the seat of so much an-
cient splendor and patriotism might again re-
sume the institutions under whose auspices
she had trod the path of elevated glory. The
spirit of the Gracchi. so long entombed, rose
again, iu the inspirations of Rienzi's soul. He
conceived the project of relieving Rome from
the disquietude and quarrels of her nobles, and
commenced what would have been considered
a forlorn hope, by any mind impelled by a less
indomitable enthusiasm.
In imitation of the first Brutus, who expelled
the Tarquins, he feigned imbecility of mind,
that his plan, under the disguise of buffoonery,
might not be frustrated by discovery or imma-
ture development. Possessed of a ready elo-
quence, hb dwelt on the ancient splendors of the
Commonwealth, and the apparent advantages
of the times which favored a resurrection of its
glories. Thus incited, a hundred conspirators
met on the Aventme mount by night. Their
scheme of operations was determined on, and
on the next afternoon, Rienzi proclaimed
through the streets a summons that all should
assemble before a church for the purpose of re-
viving the old estate. The night was spent in
successive masses; and in the morning, em-
boldened by the enthusiastic demonstrations of
an innumerable mob, Rienzi proceeded to the
Capitol, where he harrangued the citizens.-
The nobles were panic stricken; their leader,
Colonna,-at that time Senator of Rome-was


soon convinced the people of his apostacy, and
he of course began an inglorious descent.
Some of the proscribed nobles premeditated
the overthrow of the plebeian pretender. They
gathered their vassals together, and deeming
their force sufficient, invaded the city. They
were met and defeated by the populace. Ri-
enzi's cruelties, displayed on that occasion,
shocked the sensibilities of many of his sup-
porters, and remain assan indelible stigma on
his fame. He endeavored to raise anew tax,
but he was unexpectedly opposed, and defeated,
and thereby convinced that the most respecta-
ble portion of the citizens had withdrawn their
allegiance from him. The pope took this op-
portunity to hurl ecclesiastical thunderbolts at
his devoted head, and fulminated a bull of ex-
communication against Rienzi. An inferior
noble by the name of Pepin who had been im-
prisoned for life, was upon the intercession of
the poet laureate, Petrarch, the friend of Rienzi,
released. Pepin soon introduced himself at the
head of a hundred and fifty soldiers into the
heart of Rome. Rienzi ordered out the people,
but so unpopular had he become, that his sum-
mons- was not responded to, and he, taking
counsel of his fears, threw up the reins of gov-
ernment. For a month, he endeavored to arouse
the slumbering senses of the Romans to his
interests, but finding their apathy immovable,
he followed the example of Coriolanus arid
Marius and went into exile.
Seven years afterwards he returned to his
native country-like his predecessors, whom
we have named above, he endeavored to enlist
the assistance of some foreign powers, but here
again he was unsuccessful. He was made pris-
oner by Charles the Fourth, of Germany,
and transported to Rome. Clement, at that
time pontiff, treated him with clemency, and
consigned him to a very easy impris6nment.-
Under the succeeding pontificate, a new hope
dawned on his prospects, and he was elevated
to the honors and title of Senator. His acts
fomented discord-a civil war broke out-and
he was deserted by his supporters. He mount-
ed the balcony of the Capitol, and addressed
.is inflammatory eloquence to the multitude.
But it was unsuccessful. In the midst of his
appeals he was denounced by louder cries, and
assaulted with stones. An arrow from the
crowd pierced his hand, and he fled weeping.
He was besieged, and, attempting to escape in
the disguise of a plebeian, he was discovered
and seized by the populace, and dragged to the
platform of justice, whence he had before pub
lished his sentences. The last moments of his
life were cowardly and miserable. After being
exposed half naked for some time, a bold assas-
sin plunged a dagger in his breast, and he fell.
A thousand wounds were then inflicted upon
him, and his body was left to the dogs and the
Jews.
Thus lived, and thus fell, Rienzi. If he had
not been cowardly, a very different career would
have awaited him. He possessed the eloquence
which could inflame human passions, but he
wanted the moral energy of purpose by which
alone he could control the elements which he
had called into being. The theme is an inter-
esting one, and we have no doubt but that under
the pen of Bulwer, and with the associations of
fiction, a narrative of the most engrossing in-
terest has been given to the world.


WINDS.
Within the limits of about 30 deg. on each
side of the equator, the motions of the atmos-
phere are comparatively regular ; but beyond
these limits, the winds are extremely variable
and uncertain, and no theory has been adopted
which affords a satisfactory explanation. It ap-
pears, however, that beyond the region of the
trade-winds, the most frequent movements of
the atmosphere are from the southwest, in the
north temperate zone, and from the northwest,
in the south temperate zone. These southwest
and northwest winds of the temperate zones,
are probably occasioned in the following man-
ner. In the torrid zone there is a continual as-
cent of air, which, after rising, must spread it-
self to the north and south in an opposite di-
rection to the trade-winds below. These upper
currents being cooled above, at last descend and
mix themselves with the lower air: part of them
perhaps, fall again into the trade winds, and the
remainder, pursuing its course toward the poles,
occasion the northwest and southwest winds of
which mention has been made above. It has
also been conjectured that these winds may fre-
quently be caused by a decomposition of the at-
mosphere toward the poles, from part of the air
being at times converted into water.
Hurricanes have been supposed to be of elec-
tric origin. A large vacuum is suddenly crea-
ted in the atmosphere, into which vacuum the
surrounding air rushes with immense rapidity,
sometimes from opposite points of the compass,
spreading the most frightful devastation along
its tract, rooting up trees, and levelling houses
with the ground. They are not often experi-
enced beyond the tropics, nor nearer the equa
tor than about the tenth degree of latitude.-
And they rage with the greatest fury, near the
tropics, and in the vicinity of islands, while far
out in the ocean they very rarely occur. They
are most common among the West India Is-
lands, near the coast of Madagascar, the Islands
of Mauritius and Bourbon, in the Bay of Ben-
gal, at the changing of the Monsoons, (or trade-
winds,) and on the coasts of China.
Whirlwinds often arise from winds blowing
among lofty and precipitous mountains, the
form of which influences their direction, and
occasions gusts to descend with a spiral or'
whirling motion. They are also frequently
caused by two winds meeting each other at an
angle, and then turning upon a centre. When
two winds thus encounter one another, any
cloud, which happens to be between them, is of
course condensed and turned rapidly round:
and all substances sufficiently light are carried
up into the air by the whirling motion which
ensues. The action of a whirlwind at sea occa-


WAR.


DY RICHARD SHARP-
So much has been well said against war, that
it has the air of a plagiarism when any of its
unavoidable evils are alluded to,
Yet there is a short passage in Dr. Aikinrs
Life of Howard the philanthropist, placing one
of them in so striking a light, that it must ex-
cite the most painful reflections in a reader of
common humanity.
In one of his benevolent journeys, he writes
from Moscow, that "no less than 70,000 re-
cruits for the army and navy have died in the
Russian hospitals during a single year."
He was an accurate man, incapable of say-
ing any thing but the truth, and therefore this
horrible fact cannot but heighten our detesta-
tion both of war and despotism. It has, howev-
er, been scarcely spoken of in Europe; while
other hateful crimes, though affecting only in-
dividuals, have justly become the perpetual ob-
jects of pity andi indignation. For instance, the
cruel murders of the Princess de Lamballe and
of Louis the Sixteenth.
The truth is, that despotism is ever destroy-
ing its millions silently and unnoticed ; while
sedition is generally tumultuous, and always
dreaded and detested. So many are interested
in painting exaggerated pictures of its mischiefs,
that the world is kept in perpetual alarm, and
even the writers themselves become unable to
judge impartially between oppression and re-
sistance; as an artist is said to have drawn the
devil so hideous that he lost his senses by look-
ing at his own colours.
There are few riots without some grievances.
"Jupiter," says Lucian, seldom has recourse
to his thunder, but when he is in the wrong;"
and, at the close of a long military life, Mon-
sieur de Vendome owned that, "in the eternal
disputes between the mule and the muleteers,
the mules were generally in the right.
All our praise-worthy toil and expense, in
building infirmaries and asylums, cannot save
a hundredth part of the lives, nor alleviate a
hundredth part of the afflictions brought upon
the human race by one unnecessary war.-
"Next to the calamity of losing a battle is that
of gaining a victory," is reported to have been
said by the great commander, on the evening
of the bloody day of Waterloo.
It is, therefore, much to be lamented that so
many persons of influence are benefitted by
war, as the tolls at Cork are raised by the
slaughtering season. Alas!" Multis utile bel-
lum !"
Great conquerors are curses on mankind
while they live ; and when they die, they leave
no relies like the skins of their predecessors, I
had almost said their ancestors, the wolves and
bears.
Hlow easily are the silly victims deluded !-
What a humiliating picture of human life is ex-
hibited in the hand-bills usually stuck up all
over London! All aspiring heroes who wish
to serve their king and country, defend the
protestant religion, and live for ever, may Ye-
ceive ten shillings and sixpence by applying at
the Britannia public-house in Wapping." Such
temptations, who can withstand! Fame, fu-
ture happiness, and half a guinea!
Since statesmen complain so much of what
they call "declamation," why will they render
it so easy and so unanswerable?
In one of Foote's farces, Dr. Last asks boast-
ingly, "Have you heard of black powder ?"-
As if he had been the discoverer of so famous a
medicine, though all the state-quacks since the
invention of artillery, have been as fond and as
proud of the doctor's presumption.


Sf t... ... I .I
ut not $fraiJ to blame.n


"Willing to Braise--B


.. ;1.


in 1512. The term Florida. was then applied
to a great extent of territory, including Georgia,
the Carolinas, and probably Virginia.
The first voyage of the Cabots was in 1497,
when they discovered Newfoundland ; but how
much more does not appear. The following
year, (1498,) it would seem Sebastian Cabot
made,another voyage to Newfoundland- and
thence sailed north to the 66th degree; and then
south, near the coast, part of ,the distance, to
the 26th or 33d degree which would carry him
to the coast of Carolina:', Georgia, if not to
what is now known as Fl rida. So that proba-
bly Cabot discovered the co tinent of America
before Columbus did. Ahsthe object of Cabot's
voyage was to find a passage to India, it is
probable he entered some of the rivers and bays
on the coast. Why is not the name of Cabot
honored by giving it to some state, or territory,
or county, in North America?_ It might have
been proper to give the name to the state of
Maine. It is now too late. But some new
county in that State; or in New Brunswick, or
Nova Scotia, ought to bear up the name. And
no matter, whether it be in the British territory,
or that of the United States, so that the naise
is in fact preserved.
In 1512, Ponce de Leon, a Spaniard, discover-
ed Florida and spent some time in the country.
He gave the name of Florida to the coast to a
great extent, even as far as Virginia, which
was then not discovered. A few years later,
(lf36,) F. de Soto penetrated into the interior
of the country. Cartier, (or Quartier) a French-
man, visited Newfoundland in 1535; and thence
sailed to the Continent; touched at several
places in Acadia or Nova Scotia; and thence
went up the St. Lawrence; giving the name of
New France to the territory discovered.
In 1582, H. Gilbert undertook a voyage of
discoveries, and visited Newfoundland ; and
thence to the Isle of Sable, but being wrecked
soon returned. In 1584-5, Sir W. Raleigh
sent out Sir Richard Granville and others, who
visited Florida, and the coasts of Virginia.-
After this may be placed Bartholomew Gos-
nold, who visited Cape Cod and Martha's Vine-
yard,in 1602. Then followed Martin Pring and
Captain John Smith, Popham, Challons, and
Gorges-who visited Virginia, and several parts
of New England as far north as Penobscot riv-
er. The French also followed up the discove-
ries of Cartier on the St. Lawrence.








NORRISTOWN FREE PRESS.
l . . .I


Voice of Old Northampton. and others, in favor of Pennsylvania interests: ed by a jury, but reprieved by the Executive,
RITNER, HARRISON AND GRANGER. "From our very soul we cheer and applaud on the plea of insanity. Some of the particu-
Democratic Antimasonic County Meeting. those Democratic Senators and Representatives lars of this case are reported to be these: He
In compliance with a call, a very large meet- who have had honesty and moral courage had two brothers living neighbours, with one of
ing of the Democratic Antpmasonic citizens of enough to brave the storm which heartlessdem- whom he was then residing. He was dicrov-
ing ofunty he Democratic Antimasoni held ac citizens agogues are endeavoring to increase and em- ered one morning before the family rose to be
public house of John Shivelampton, in Lower Naza- bitter against them. Most nobly have they making some arrangements in the house "that
reth township, on the 5th inst. The bone and vindicated the firmness, intelligence and inde- alarmed them. They rose and fled td the
sinew of the community trom every section of pendence of Pennsylvania. And while the house of the other brother, not thinking at all
the county, were in attendance--the old repub- more supple instruments of party are congrat- of a child-an orphan child living with them-
licansand tax payers, who seldom turned o uton uatig themselves upon the zeal and readiness and left in abed. After reaching the place of
h s casions wnd ax payere there- seldtrong indication with which they have administered to the rival retreat; the woman thinking of thedhil ep-
of the popularity of the present State Adminis- interests and feelings of other states, or the tioned it, observing that he could bT*T6 al-
trathe popul, and of the people's candidates, William blind and remorseless prejudices of individuals ice against the child. The two brothers how-
It Harrion, and o Francis Granger.s, Wil -Messrs. Burden, Penrose, Cunningham, Dick- ever returned to the deserted house and found
The following among other resolutions wereev and others, may indulge in the proud con- that he had murdered the child in bed, and fled.
passed following amon sciousness of having acted .s become honest, in- After being taken-standing a trial, and finally

Resolved, That this meeting takes delight in dependent Senators of Pennsylvania. But it is being reprieved, he came to Indiana, and at the
highly approving of the patriotic and manly more than insinuated that they were brbed!- suggestion of some friends, dropped his true
courshighy approving of the pursued by our worthy senatornly Those who cannot comprehend more generous name, which was Young, and assumed that of
course pursued by our worthy senator, Peter moieswoen soul being a'middle name from his moth-
S. Michler, and the great majority of members motives-whose own souls are steeped in sel- Heler, that being amiddle name from his moth-
of both houses, disregarding the savage yell of fishness and corruption, may be pardoned this er. There are some suggestions that he is now
unprincipled political demagogues, and desper- otherwise ungenerous imputation, insane. He some five or six months since saions
ate adventurers, when Pennsylvania's interest al of ate tax, for that he was insane,ation to kill his wife and
and her future prosperity were at stake-in vo- The bill for the repeal of the state tax, for that he had an inclination to kill his wife and
ting for the RELIEF BILL, by which the State the prosecution of our system of internal im- family. He is now safely lodged in the Liber-
Tax is repealed-the empty State Treasury provements, for the increase of the common ty Jail.
filled with $2,500000-the School Fund, for school fund, and for the incorporation of the
the education of the rising generation, increas- stockholders, in the United States Bank, has Pennsylvania Legislature.
ed by $2,000,000-and the main line of the passed both houses of our State Legislature,
Pennsylvania Canal made profitable, by finish- and been approved by the Governor, and thus HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
ing it to Lake Erie, without increasing the has become a law. This is a consummation, at OUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
State Debt, contracted under George Wolf. which every Pennsylvanian whose bosom is Ilarrisburg, March 17, 1836.
Resolved, That we pledge ourselves as a warmed by the smallest spark of patriotism, or GIRARD BANK.
Democratic Antimasonic party of Northampton of state pride, must sincerely rejoice. The Secretary of the Commonwealth being
county, to support, by all legal and constitution- This law may well be called a relief law," introduced, presented to the Speaker the bill to
al means, the nomination of William H. Har- in the true sense of the term. increase the stock of the Girard bank, accom-
rison. of Ohio, for President, and Francis It is not like other "relief laws," which im- panied by a message from the Governor, giving
Gran'er, of New York, for Vice President of paired the obligation of contracts, and thus re- his reasons for refusing his approval and sig-
the United States, made by the Democratic lived one clasi of the community, y oppos- nature to the same, which wer read.
Antimasonic State Convention, held at Harris- sing another; it is fraught with great and impor- On motion of Mr. Stevens, the House pro-
burg, December 14th, 1835. tant benefits to all, and does injury or injustice ceeded to reconsider the vote on the bill.
Resolved, That we will give an undivided to none. Mr. Stevens moved that the further consider-
and zealous support to William H. Harrison, It enables the state to make pecuniary engage- ation be postponed till Monday next.
for President of the United States, because he menritsfor which she was totally unprepared, Mr. Cox moved to amend the motion by
is opposed to all secret oath bound socieies-a and which could not otherwise have been met striking out Monday and inserting to-morrow.
democrat of the Jefferson school;--exposed his without a resort to the ruinous system of con- said he thought there should be prompt ac-
life in defence of his country, in the late war- tracting new debts, in order to pay interest ion on this question. He was prepared to act
possesses civil qualifications of the first order-- on old.s for continuing our com- now, orto-morrow, or at any time. He came
negotiated nineteen Indian treaties, by which It yards the means for continuing or c to legislate independently. He was satisfied
the Union obtained sixty millions of acres of mon school system in a manner less burden- that in voting for this bill he had voted right;
public lands;-is an honest politician and true some to the people, and he was in favor of passing the bill by two
patriot--and, if elected, will disband the stand- It relieves us from the payment of a burden- thirds-the constitutional number superior t
ing army of 100,000 national office holders, and some, and, but for this measure, a necessary executive power.
restore the United States government once more state tax s that most distressing pressure Mr. M'Sherry was in favor of postponing the
to its original purity-when the constitution It prevents that most distressing pressure give tie for the
and the supremacy of the laws will be respect- the money market, which must hve been hemessage to be printed Mo nd laid before the for House
ed. inevitable consequence of the sudden withdraw- eMr. Walker was of the same opinion. Ho e
Resolved, That we will firmly support Fran- alofthe capital now invested in the Unite was in fvor of postponing until Monday, be-
cis Granger, of New York, for'Vice President States bank. cause there was an excitement on the subject
of the United States,-that genuine Antimason It prevents the creation of a host of irrespon- He had voted for the bill, as he thought right-
-that democrat of the Jefferson school-that sible, petty banks, which would have inundated
able legislator and distinguished statesman, the country with a flood of worthless rags: rags lv, and he had seen nothing in the veto to
able legislator and distinguishedstatesmane ut: change his opinion yet. But he wished to read
Resolved, That we will with all constitution- which would not have paid a tavern bill fifty it first before he was called upon to record his
al and honorable means oppose the election of miles from the place of their issue unvar- opinion, and therefore he was in favor of post-
Martin Van Buren, for President of the United int curentoLsaSondseta e hvary- poning until Monday.
-States, because he iso the cadidate of the ming currency of paper and specie together, vast- Mr. M'Giffin was in favor of Monday. I-H
tional office holders, who have already been for lore convenient than either paper or specie thought the House should do the justice to the
eight years squandering the national treasure, Finally it gives toone. Pnnslvania, a w Executive to have it printed that it might b
an] who, if successful, would, as faithful parti- and an influence in thenmanagement of the read and deliberated upon before they wer
sans, continue eight years longer their reign of monetary systemofheNatiowhichcannot called to act upon it. Hesaid it should be pro
tyranny-has never proposed a means re by be enjoyed by any other State. N. York will needed against with care. He had paid atten
which the nation might have been benefitted- o benedoabt ta sn oherst E.iN.orw'l tion toitas itwas read, and lie had no doub
is justly considered the adviser of that ruinous no loner boast that she is the "Empire State." but it would be found a sound and strong doc
and changeable policy, by which the nation has Pennsylvania will reapat as he fruits of this ument
been constantly kept in a state of excitement most importantia will reap, as the fruits of this He thought the House should read it: look
and uneasiness, since he has been in the nation- mot important law.-Bellefte Pat. pon it ; consider it and not act hastily.
al council-is at the head of a corrupt and ve LAMENTABLE CASUALTY. Mr. [harrison was of the same opinion; he
nal faction, aiming at dominion, no matter how DEATH OF A WHOLE FAMILY BY THE COLD thought deliberate action was the safest and
obtained, or how maintained-has always been DEATH OF A WHOLE FAMILY BY THE COLD. likely to produce the best results.
opposed to the best interests of Pennsylvania, We have just learned the particulars of one of Mr. Stevens said he was not for hasty action
Sand for this reason could not even obtain a the most melancholy circumstances it has ever nor for a long postponement of the question.-
nomination for Vice President, by his own par- fallen to our lot to record. During the protract- Though the message was a long and important
ty in our State, in 1832;--and has declared, that ed inclement weather, much fear has been en document, he had not found any thing in it tha
if elected, he will carry out all those ruinous tertained for the safety of the more poor and convinced him of its necessity. He had listen
measures, some of which we consider uncon- destitute inhabitants that reside far up the ed to see something to justify the Governor ii-
stitutional and against the supremacy of the mountains, and to approach whom has been giving his veto to so important a measure. He
laws. impossible, from the vast body of snow upon had seen nothing that went to show that an in
Resolved, That we can, under no circumstan- the ground. The few warm days have, in a crease of capital was not wanted.
ees whatever, support Richard M. Johnson, for measure dissipated the late snowdrifts, and per- He said he had no fears from an excitement
Vice President, of the United States, because sons have ventured into the mountains in quest on this subject. The exercise of regal power
he is wholly unqualified to preside over the of timber-wood, or in pursuit of game. Many he always hoped to see create an excitement
most venerable and able body of men on earth are the objects of suffering and distress that is amongst a republican people. For his part h(
-the Senate of the United States. sue from the mountain cabins, some with fro- had seen nothing to justify the act; and h


Pennsylvania will not be permitted to Leg-
islate for the whole Union." Such is the ex-
pression of the bantling "Portland Jeffersoni
an," by its sponser the Globe," respecting the
great State Bank of Pennsylvania lately incor-
porated. We say to the Globe that neither, it
nor the Jeffersonian shall legislate or dictate to
Pennsylvania.
Citizens of Pennsylvania, you see now why
the Bank was opposed,-you see how alive cer
tain persons are to the great benefits which will
result to Pennsylvania from the establishment
of the Bank, and how they regret that Pennsyl
vania has had courage and sense enough to
maintain her own interests, foreign dictation to
the contrary notwithstanding. Mr. Globe and
Mr. Portland Jeffersonian, pray read the 12th
commandment, "mind your own business," we
can attend to ours, though we are dutch.
Harrisburg Chron.
One of the strongest objections urged against
the charter of the Bank by the State, and upon
which its enemies descant with great vehe-
mence, is, that it will control the politics of the
' State, and enslave its free citizens.
Those who ascribe to the Bank this potent
influence, and deal in these fearful predictions,
pay but a poor compliment to the integrity and
patriotism of the yeomanry of Pennsylvania
when they, in effect, assert that they may be
bought with the Bank's gold, for the supposi-
tion that those who manage and control the
bank will certainly be corrupt and designing
men; and that they will exert all the power they
possess to the uttermost stretch to govern our
elections-how will they effect their purpose ?
Will the bank use its gold to purchase votes?-_
Is it true, as implied by the fears of those agi-
tators, that the farmers and mechanics, who
compose four-fifths of the voters of this com-
monwealth, stand ready to barter their liberty
for filthy lucre, and are only waiting for a pur-
chaser? It is a base slander, a libel on the
people.-Ibid.

:-2 The Pittsburg "Democrat," another op-
position paper, holds the following patriotic
language:
UNITED STATES BANK.-As a Pennsylva-
nian, one who rejoices in its prosperity, and
hails events auspicious to its interest with un-
qualified satisfaction, we cannot repress our ex-
pltation at the passage of this Bank Bill, attend-
ed, as we conceive it to be, with benefits of irm-


The bill chartering a company to construct a
rail road from Huntingdon to Chambersburg,
passed a third reading.
The act incorporating the Mechanics' and
Tradesmen's Loan Company, passed.
A long debate occurred on the bill dispensing
with the militia law, so far as relates to training,
and the bill was finally negatived-yeas 40, nays
40.
The amendments made by the Senate to the
York and Wrightsville Rail Road company,
were concurred in.
Adjourned.


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zen feet, some with frozen hands, and some could not stand by and see kingly prerogatives
brought to the verge of the grave absolutely by exercised without feeling pain. He was opposed
hunger. Last Saturday, a person was passing to it. He had always opposed such exercise of
through the mountain, when beyond the Orange power. It was no new doctrine with him.-
county line, lie saw a man, near a cabin, in a He had always been opposed to the exercise of
sitting posture and partly covered with snow. the veto power, whether it was dine by his
On approaching, lie discovered he was frozen political friends or foes. He never retraced his
to death, and that he had in his hand a wooden steps, to please in any quarter. He would look
shovel with which he had evidently been labor- upon the success of this veto as a triumph over
ing to open a passage from his snow-bound the deliberations of legislative action, and inde-
habitation. Satisfying himself that the man pendence.
had been sometime dead, he entered the cabin, Mr. Woodward was in favor of putting off
upon the floor of which, to his infinite horror, the consideration until Monday. He had seen
he found the frozen bodies of a middle aged something that the gentleman from Adams had
woman and two children. He immediately not seen. The veto contained reasons why the
raised the neighbors, the nearest of whom re- Governor had signed the United States bank
sided at a distance of a mile and a half, and on bill. and why he had not signed the'Deposit
further examination, it was ascertained, from bank bill. He was for treating the Executive
appearances, that they had consumed every with respect, by voting for the printing of the
particle of food and fuel, and perceiving no message, before it was acted upon.
likelihood ofthe storm abating, it is supposed Mr. Spackman said he had voted foi the bill,
that the father was attempting to clear a path and he was in favor of acting upon the matter
to some wood, which lay a short distance fromrow. He wasrea do al once.-
to-htn borrow. He was read to do so alyonce.
the cabin, when he expired; and the mother He was of the same opinion of the gentleman
and children being destitute of food and fire and from Adams, (Mr. Stevens) as it regarded the
poorly clad, could not have long survived him. exercise of the veto power. He was opposed
It is difficult to imagine situation more repete to its exercise by a co-ordinate bran of the
with horror and distress that that of this unfor- governiebt.
tunate family, when they felt all the torments Mr. Waits moved to amend the motn, so as
of cold, hunger, and approaching death.
of cold, hunger, and approaching death to order 4000 copies of the message pointed in
Haverstraw Times. English, and 2000 in German.
From the Brookville (Ind.) American, March 4. Mr. atts said that the charges thathe veto
was the exercise of regal power should not be
Horrible Tragedy. made. He for one, should be very iorry to
It becomes our painful duty to record one of make them. He was opposed to seeing denun-
the darkest deeds in the annals of crime. On ciations indulged in by any one. It Nfould be
Saturday the 27th Ferbuary in the neighbour- more proper to send the document out to the
hood of Liberty, Union County la. and 15 miles people, that those whom they represented might
from this place, a man by the name of Isaac see the reasons of the Executive and judge of
Heler, murdered his whole family-his wife them, unbiassed, for themselves.
and three children !!! The circumstances are Mr. Cox thought that the usual nijmber of
reported to be of the most aggravated nature.- copies should be printed for the members, but
It appears that soine of the neighbours had cal- she question of extra copiescould be decided on
led at the residence of Heler, and told him that Saturday. He l ad always been opposed to the
unless he would go to work and maintain his exercise uf the veto power. He had condemn-
family, that the proper officers would attend to it, ed its exercise by the President, and he should
and his family would become a County charge. mete out the same justice to his political friends
This appeared somewhat to incense him. He lhat he did to his political enemies.
is represented as being a hale, robust man, not Mr. Atkinson hoped that the amefidment of
given to dissippation, but extremely improvi- the gentleman from Allegheny, (Mr. Watts,)
dent and indolent. After these persons had would prevail. He was in favour of giving the
left the house, he rose and lifted the axe from reasons of the Goverior to the people as early
beneath the bed-telling his wife that he was as possible. It was an important message, and
going to chop, and passing behind where she one that the people had the main interest in,
was sitting with the child in her arms, struck instead of the legislature.
her to tf hpo ann. __ ]itn .l r, r..1; .,, .. t l....,:. c/11, I U; *.....i :., in "....... .nr f .. :. .


THE FLORIDA WAR.
The Pensacola Gazette of the 27th ultimo,
states that when Gen. Gaines reached that place,
"on his way from New Orleans to Tampa Bay,
he received orders to repair to the Mexican
frontier, to which point, it seems the 6th Reg-
iment of Infantry had been ordered. On this
fact being made known to the troops and vol.
unteers, the latter manifested much dissatisfac-
tion, and insisted, that as they had volunteered
to go under the command of Gen. Gaines, he
should accompany them. Under these circum-
stances, he determined to do so."
The Pensacola Editor remarks,--" This is
the only propitious moment for operating effec-
tually, as the rainy season commences about
the first of March, and for a month afterwards,
an army will have abundant occupation in con-
tending against the elements. No man, lhe
continues, knows these facts better than Gen.
Gaines. It is believed therefore, that it is his
design to push forward in pursuit of the In-
dians as far as prudence will allow, before the
rainy season commences."
Later.
From the N. Y. Courier of March 16.


PICOLATA, March 5th, 1836.


round his mutilated body, five of these ferocious m
animals, gashed in every imaginable manner. t
It is supposed there must have been a dozen or
more in the gang, from the sight which the ,
scene of this unhappy occurrence presented.
Juniata Jour.


DEAR SIR-An express arrived this morning become intoletrale to u;h we; Io trIu w u a,
from Camp King, but bringingno intelligence a point of endurance which would constrain us
of moment. Private letters received here, how-to seek for the divorce. The way todisapp point
ever, state that Gen. Gaines had been wounded them is standd in cealmnon-acceptance oftheir
in the chin. His situation, indeed, must, under principles, their projectsand their provocations.
all the circumstances, be a desperate one. All 'o act together upon the defensive firmly and
communication between him and Gen. Clinch peaceably; and make them feel that their un-
(at Fort Drane) has been for some time cut warrantablepretentions must re act on them-
otT. An express, carrying supplies, had been selves. Leave them no path to disunion but
sent to him, on Tuesday last, from the latter direct treson.
place, but was soon overtaken and recalled, for Mr. Calhoun, in a late slavery question debate,
fear of being intercepted by the Indians.- spoke of the means which the south had of
Gaines it would seem, must either sacrifice his controlling and counteracting the political
troops in a desperate attempt to cut his way movements of the north; and observed that the
through the enemy, or fie must destroy the noth had only twice given them the chance of
latter. Gaines took with him from Camp King showing how hey cold turn oa Present;
on Friday last, 26th. supplies to last him for and on those two occasions it was done.
buteightdays. He is therefore, at this moment, One thing may be remarked by the way:-a

It is said that about 100 mounted men (vo ltn since the time when the south could remove
eers) firo Alachua, have resolved to proceed Presidents in such high style or short order.-
to hisas distance. When it became apparent that so respectable
Immediately subsequent to the recall of the a mnan as Judge White could find Eo one to
express carrying provisions. Gen. Clinch des- utter a word for him out of the slave states,, it
patches another express, forming Gen. Gaines then began to be understood that the eyes of
of the fact, and the reason, ofhe recall. Gaines northern men had been opened of late :-that
may, therefore, by this time have sent an armed we found slavery to be the fountain of ullifica
escort to secure the transmission of supplies.- tn, moblaw, and all maer of evil, as it was-
The Indians manifested great daring in the at in fact the pivot of all southern po litis.--
tack they made upon Gaines. Without waiting Against mch a system of policy wne must sand,
for him to cross the river, they passed over it not in warfare, but in firm self-defence forever.
and attacked himr on the east. They are said Pittsburg Times.
to have literally lined the river on the west for 6STOP MY PAPER I !"
the space of two miles. This river, or stream
rather, is not more than sixty yards across; and Ofall the silly, shortsighted, ridiculous Amer-
the Indians, we are told, were distinctly heard ican phrases this, as it is frequently used, is the
tauntimg Gamies' men-pouring out lies of st idle and unpmeaning. We are called ani
abu e, as they had doe shot, and daring the infant nation, and truly we often individually
as the hd doe osn dtd danct ourselves like children. We have a
to cross the river. I believe I mentioned to certain class of subscribers who take the Mir-
you that the Indians, it was thought would have t
avoided the battle ground of the Outhlacochee, or and profess tolike its contents, till by-and-by
as they never return to a place where they an opinion meets their view with which they
Shave suffered disaster of any kind. They, how- do not agree. What do they, then, in their sa-
ever, it appears, claimed for themselves the gacitys? Torn to their nearest companion with
victory over Clinch, which accounts for their a passing comment upon the error they think
being again near the scene of their asserted they have detected? or direct a brief communi-
trini a ml soner the sayer thatl etat aza hc cation to the editors, begging to dissent there-
of theDragoons, who was wounded in the late from in the same pages where the article which
oeng emen t, is not exp sectedetotivedispleased them has appeared ? No. Get into
We have had the most dreadful weather for a passion, and, for all we know, stamp and
the last week. The rain has poured almost a swear, and instantly, before the foam has time
deluge, and we still have winter and are desti- to col on theirlip, write a letter, commenin
tute of all comforts here. The campaign (ow- with-"Stop my paper!" If we say rents are
Gute ofSall comforts here. The campaign b(ow- exorbitantly high and landlords should be too
ing to Gaines's movements) will not open before exorbitantly high and landlords should -e too
the 12th or 15th. generous to take advantage of an accidental
P. S. A su pply of bread has been sent to circumstance-round comes a broad hat and
Gen. Gaines under a mounted escort from Fort gold-headed cane, with Sir, stop my paper!
Drane. e will be obliged it thought, to esan actor receive bit of advice? The
fall back upon the latter place, and thenceto green-room is too hot to hold him till relieved
Volusia, where there is a large supply of pro- by those revengeful words-" Stop my paper!"
isions. Bt hat will be his situation here- lwe ever praise one, some envious rival steals
visions. But what wil be his situation here gloomily in-with-" Sir, if you please stop my
ewillhave gained nothing, and thereby lost paper!" We dare not hope to navigate the
Gen. Scott has succeeded in retaining about ocean with steamboats, but our paper is stop-
200 out of the four companies (last arrived) of ped" by a ship-captain. Our doctor nearly left
Geoutrgia mohe f our companies (last arrive us to die the other day because a correspondent.
Georgia mounted men. He crossed the river had praised an enemy of our college," and
ed them, which hado the desired effect. t is we expect a "fierifacias" in the office present-
thought that if he had ant opportunity of ad- ly, on account of something which we under-
dressing their predecessors in the same style, stand somebody has said against some law-suit
ten thoeo ored ecessorsemaind same 70e0 in we do not remember what court. But all
South Carolina ounted me are by this time these affairs were out-done yesterday by the
at St. Augustine. I am happy to say, that the We were sitting in ouringelbow-hair rmina
conduct of the S. Carolina troops is the theme tiWe were setting idn our elbow chair rtmna-
Sad i ration. ting on the decided advantage of virtue over
of universal mranvice, when a little, withered Frenchman, with a
From the New York Daily Advertiser, cowhide as long as himself and twice as heavy,
S rushed into our presence.
Distressing Accident. "Sair!" and he stopped to breathe.
About 4 o'clock on Friday afternoon, the side Well, sir."
wall of the building belonging to Peter Loril- "Monsieur!" he stopped again to take breath.
lard, in Water street, (burnt district) two doors Diable Monsieur !" and he flourished his
from Coffee House slip, fell and buried beneath instrument about his head.
its ruins, eight of the laborers, who were at Really, my friend," said we, smiling, for he
work. Two men and a boy were taken out was not an object to be frightened about, when
dead ; two so much unjured as to be sent to the you have perfectly finished amusing yourself
hospital, one remained on the spot; and two with that weapon, we should like to be the
who were hut partially injured, were enabled master of our own leisure."
to walk home. We were unable to get the No, sair; I have come to horeswhip you
names of all--the boy's name was Benjamin wis dis cowhide!"
Wagner, and one of the men Feury. The men We took a pistol from a drawer, cocked it,
were all poor Irish laborers. It was heart rend- and aimed it at his head.
ing to witness the wife of one of the deceased, "Pardon, sair ;" said the Frenchman, I will
who hurried to the spot, and on seeing the life first give you some little explanation. Mon-
less body of her husband, immediately gave a sieur, if you have write dis article?"
shriek and for a time became senseless. One We looked it over and acknowledged ourself
of the deceased had hut a day or two since de the author. It was a few lines referring to the
posited nine pounds to enable his family to great improvements in rail roads, and intima-
come over to him. It is agreed on all hands, ting that this mode of travelling would one day
that this wall has been in imminent danger f supersede every other.
falling for a long time, but has been much ne You have write dat in your papair?"
elected; we also learn that had the men used "Yes, sir."
proper judgment, the wall might have been ta Well, den, sair-stop you dem papair,"-
ken down without any difficulty. Several of I have live quarante-neufans. I have devote
the men employed narrowly escaped-one man all my life to ride de balloon!-c'est ma grande
who had hold of a barrow escaped, while his passion. Bien, Monsieur I shall look to
partner who had the other end was killed, find every one wis his little balloon-to ride
c .,1 --. ... .... .. .. ,- hara, hnok in io air to nn -nnol r a o wAn ,-irl in


III_ -


Let this test be applied to the discussions on
the subject of American slavery, and what will
be the deliberate verdict of every candid mind ?
The slaveholders of the South are a numerous,
talented and vigilant body of men ; their repre-
sentatives in the national legislature are prompt
and able debaters. They are certainly, quali-
fied to vindicate in the face of the nation and
the world, any principles or practices or insti-
tutions, which are not in themselves indefensi-
ble. Who believe that argument would either
slumber, or give place to denunciation, in the
giant minds ef Clay, Calhoun, or Wise, Bickens
and Glascock, if they were not already satisfied
that the system of slavery can never he argued
into decent repute? We know that McDuffie
has attempted to justify slavery in the abstract;
but his essay was so full of the whirlwind of
passion, so rife with menace and vetuperation,
that we cannot consider it as entitled to the
name of argument. The speeches in both
houses of Congress partake largely of the same
spirit. Arrogant and wholesale denunciation
of abolitionists as fanatics, murderers, and the
like, are the common responses to arguments
against slavery. We submit to the reader
whether this affected contempt of some of the
ablest and best men in the land, this studied
avoidance of argument, this swaggering defi-
ance of all attempts for the abolition of slavery
in the District of Columbia, immediately cr
gradually, does not betoken a wicked and inde-
fencible cause? Masonry once took the same
attitude of preliminary defiance, and made her
boast of invincible power; but Masonry, "with
all her guilt and fear oppressed," has been
humbled by the omnipotent energy of Truth.-
Truth must lose its prevalent power, or slavery
must fall. We say with Mr. Maxwell of Vir-
ginia, "if any man believes that slavery is to be
t, A .. -


SPIRIT OF THE SOUTH.
The congressional debates of this session
have tended to present the people of the South
in a very revolting attitude to the people of the
north. It cannot be doubted but that the inten-
tion is to excite hostile feelings. A confedera-
cy of disappointed, ambitious men, finding that
they have gone far enough in their selfish evil
schemes to lose the confidence of the rest of the
nation, are anxious to effect a dissolution of the
Union without incurring the risk of direct trea-
son. They wish to provoke us of the north
until we shall be glad to say to them, "go in
peace." Of these facts there can be no reason-
able doubt ; and the question arises-What in
this condition of affairs is our duty ?
If we thought that the whole population of
the south was deliberately seeking to effect a
separation we would say separate: but we do
not suspect the southern people generally of any
inclination for such moral treason. There is
no reason for imputing it to any but a portion
of the ambitious politicians. Why then should
we assist in gratifying them? To punish them
most effectually let us labor for the preservation
of the Union. In due time their selfish schemes
will become apparent to all, and disaffection
will meet its proper reward ; and bad ambition
will find that division of the Union is not the
road to honorable distinction.
Does it follow then that we should comply
with the provoking -demands of the southern
disturbers? By no means; for that would ex-
asperate the mischief, and encourage the mis-
chief-makers every way.
The adoption of a slavery policy would soon
1- -- GA -* I >- 1, 1 0 ., rl x- iuntild*m r/k 1 r / neh1-


which they have long claimed for themselves ;
he title of the Empire State. A speedy com.
pletion of her improvements; a mingling of
.he waters of Lake Erie with those of the Dela-
ware ; will float the rich products of the coun-
try bordering on the great inland seas to the
north-west through our State, to its beautiful
capital at the east, which is the pride and boast
of every Pennsylvanian. And not only the
trade of the Lakes, but her public works are
gathering into her embrace the products of the
country along the Ohio, which have hitherto
found their way to Baltimore. Hozza for
Pennsylvania, her improvements, her currency.
and her antimasonic administration !
Mercer Luminary.
A DISCLOSURE.
The madness and incendiarism of the Glob-,
are not without an object. It seems that the
Anti-Bank writer for that paper is a "hear" inW
the Stock market-has contracted to deliver cer--
tain stock at certain price some months hence,.
and is endeavouring to produce panic in the
money market, in order to enable him to fulfil
his contract without loss. Witness the follow-
ing from the Courier and Enquirer of yester-
day;
"We charge that Reuben M. W.--, or him-
self and friends has been a seller of stock on
time in this market, to a very large amount:
on which, if lie cannot produce a panic, he must
inevitably lose a large sum of money. Dare
the Globe deny this charge? we:thiik not ;but
to show that we do not speak without data; we
charge that Reuben M. W- did sell, though
a broker in this city, a very large amount of
the stock of the Bank of Illinois at one hundred
and six per cent, option of the buyer six months,
dividend on This stock is now 115 dividend
off,-so that if W- should be made to deliver
the stock at this time, he would lose on every
share twelve per cent.! And if he does not
succeed in producing a panic through the GlI)be
and his contract of the Pet Banks, this stock
will probably go to thirty per cent. advance, and
W- lose twenty-seven dollars on every share
sold! Again we ask,-dare the Globe deny this?
Or, would they prefer that we should exhibit
the dealings of the Kitchen Cabinet, in certain
other Stocks, before they abandon their crusade
against the money market?
We cannot find suitable language to portray
the infamous conduct of those who have the
control of the public monies, and thas use them
for speculative purposes; but we bid them be-
ware of the indignation of the People. The
whole country will shortly be roused, and no
longer tamely submit to see its industry pros-
trated, and its prosperity checked, in order that
stocks may be depressed to enable Reuben M.
W- and his coadjutors, to make good their
time bargains !"

MICHIGAN LEGISLATURE.
It appears from the annexed paragraph, that
Michigan, who has declared its own so vereign-
ty, in advance of Congress, finds some difficulty
in legislating under her State organization, in
consequence of some of her refractory repre-
sentatives ; or rather of those who will not bow
to her self-constituted state sovereignty.
From the Detroit Journal, March 10.
"We learn that the Sergeant at arms of the
Senate of the free and sovereign State of Mich-
igan, was a few days ago directed by that hon-
orable assemblage, to bring in;o their chamber
the body of a certain delinquent Senator-' the
gentleman from Monroe'-who it would appear
was among the missing. The Sergeant pre-
sented a capias to the absentee, and after re-
monstrating with him for his naughty and con-
temptuous conduct towards himself and the
Senate, was about to use such Iu;.as to compel
his attendance, as in his judgement an officer
deriving power from the legislature of the sov-
ereign state might of right do.
The unyielding member intimated to him
that the instrument which he held in his haud
and from which he pretended to derive author-
ity, was no better than a piece of brown paper,
that that body had no power whatever to legis-
late, and at the same time made such demon-
strations in the defensive as rendered it highly
expedient for the man in authority to desist,
who fearing least he might catch a Tartar,"
prudently retired beyond the reach of harm -
We have not heard what disposition the Senate
will make of this case. It is evident that this
state government business though to its friends
a very pretty thing in theory, wont work-ihe
the members themselves denying and resisting
its authority.

One of the best writers of the age has remark-
ed that when an able advocate resorts to weak
and frivolous arguments in support of his own
cause, it may be safely concluded, that the cause
is unsound, and that he knows it to be so.








NORRISTO VN FR EE PRESS.


3


aff ---






"PERSEVERE."



WEDNESDAY, MARCH 23.

Appointments by the President.
The following nominations, heretofore made,
have been confirmed by the Senate:
ANDREW STEVENSON, of Virginia, to he Minister
to Great Britain.
JOHN H. EATON, to be Minister to Spain.
ARTHUR MIDDLETON, to be Secretary of Lega-
tion to Spain.
RICHARD K. CALL, to be Governor of Florida,
,vice J. H. Eaton.
./ppointmentl by the Governor.
JOHN R. JONES, Esq. has been appointed an As-
sociate Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of the
City and County of Philadelphia, in the room of the
Hon. ROBERTS VAUX, deceased.
In reference to this appointment the Philadel-
phia Inquirer says:-" The appointment of JOHN
R. JONEs, Esq., as Associate Judge of the Court of
Common Pleas of the City and County of Phila-
delphia, has, as we have reason to believe, given
very general satisfaction. Mr. Jones, though yet
a young man, has for a number of years practised
law in this City,--is a gentleman of admitted tal-
ent and integrity of character, and fully qualified
to discharge the duties of his present honorable
and responsible station."

We -are indebted to Messrs. STINSON, BIRING-
!H4JRST and SCHALL for several legislative reports,
copies of the Governor's Message, &c. for which
they will accept our thanks.

We have been unable to procure a report of the
trial of the boys indicted for the murder of George
Willaner. We understand, however, that a report
will be published in pamphlet form in a few weeks,
by one of the members of the Norristown bar, and
that it will comprise at volume of about 200 pages.
--S6ee..-
.-'The Message of Governor RITNER containing
his reasons for withholding his sanction to the bill
increasing the capital of the Girard Bank, was re-
ceived at too late an hour for publication in this
week's paper. It will be published in our next.
The bill passed the House of Representatives on
Saturday last by a vote of 61 to 26, and the Senate
by 24 to 6. So it is now a law without the sig-
nature of the Governor, having received the sanc-.
tion of two thirds of the members of both branches
of the Legislature.
e--- es444-
We have received a communication relative to
the contemplated division of Philadelphia county,
signed RoxBOROUGH," in which the writer indul
ges rather freely in censorious remarks upon the
conduct of some of those whom he thinks are in-
terested in the proposed division. We should have
given the article a place in our columns but for
these allusions, and if the citizens of Roxborough
desire to state their views of a matter in which they
have a deep interest, we shall be happy to afford
them an opportunity for the expression of their
opinions, when free from personal allusions. If
the article which" Roxborough" intends forwarding
for publication in our next paper should be of this
character, we shall cheerfully publish it,.

The whigs of Massachusetts have nominated
DANIEt WElSTER for President, and FRANCIS GRAN-
GERi for Vice President.
-.,oB ,e-
A resolution has been offered in the Senate of
this state, that no person convicted by the proper
authorities of any crime, shall be sentenced in
such manner that the term of imprisonment shall
expire between the 15th of November and the Ist
of March.

At an election held at the Court-House in
the Borough of Norristown, on Friday the
18th inst. the following named persons were
duly elected borough officers for the ensuing


year:
BURGESS,
JAMES M. PAWLING.
TOWN COUNCIL,
RICHARD FRENCH, ISAAC H. MILLER,
JACOB FREEDLEY, SAMUEL DAVIS,
WM. iH. SLINGLUFF, Tnos. W. POTTS,
ADAM SLEMMER, JOHN HARPER,
DAVID HEEBNER.


HIGH CONSTABLE,
GEORGE SOMERLOT.
CONSTABLE,
WILLIAM M'KEAGE.
WinWm. Powel, Esq. and David Sower, were
elected School Directors for two years, and
Adam Slemmer and Thomas M. Jolly for
three years.
The Globe continues to assail the Bank of
the United States. Its editor knows that he is
in dleb to tie Batik, und viper like, lie has, ever
since he became indebted, been endeavoring to
destroy thle institltiou. If Blair possessed a
paricle of honiesiy or honor, he would first pay
what he owes, and then assault the Bank.-
There is no novelty in the case, however. It is
a claracteristic of bilackhe;rted ingratitude to
hate that to which it is imideb'ed.
Phila. Inquirer.

From the Ha rrisbu-re Telegraph.
ANOTHER VETO.


prostration of the sovereignty of the States, has
justly alarmed him, and, we believe, determined
him to inmerpose the power entrusted in his
hands, to prevent Federal encroachment.
The indications of war from a certain quar-
ter are not to be mistaken, since the direct at
tempts to interfere with the domestic policy
and prosperity of the state were repulsed with
scorn. Efforts are now making to cripple her
by indirect and insidious means, in the race for
greatness. The power and funds of the gen-
eral government are raised to crush her, by de-
stroying, if possible, her currency, or rendering
her banking institutions subservient through
fear, to its favored few. This will not be deni.
ed. The circular issue to the deposit banks
(of which the Girard bank is one) is proof of
this.
It discloses the means by which the immense
funds of the nation are to be brought to operate
upon, and cripple the banking institutions of
the Commonwealth. To this we believe, may
be traced the cause of the veto that has been,
put upon the increase of capital of that institu-
tion. The Executive, as the constitutional pro-
tector of the rights of the state against all usur-
pation could not prove recreant to his duty.-
In the light in which he looked upon it, lie felt
called upon to take the ground he has done ; and
that he will bu sustained by an overwhelming
majority by the people, we have not a shadow
of doubt.
As a friend of Philadelphia, of its mercantile
and manufacturing interests, we believe the.Ex-
ecutive regrets the necessity of depriving her of
the use of a dollar of banking capital. She is
looked upon as the heart that warms and feeds
all the arteries of business that extend through
the Commonwealth; and we believe that it
would give him pleasure at all times to be in
strumental in promoting her prosperity; but
when the arm of offended power is outstretch-
ed for vengeance for imaginary wrong, it be
comes his duly to use his efforts to break the
blow. For this, every honest, intelligent yeo-
man's heart that beats with Pennsylvania feel
ing-will applaud him. lie has taken his stand
for Pennsylvania. Her welfare has been his
guide; the protection of her rights his object;
and her hardy and independent sons will sus-
tain him in his course.

We learn from the Norristown papers that
the trial of Joseph Ogleby, Jr. John Naglee, Jr.
John W. Nevins, 0. B. Keith and Herman
H-lpt, charged with the murder of George
Willaur, terminated on Friday last in their ac-
quittal. lI is suid that when the verdict of the
jury was read, a part of the audience gave vent
to their feelings, by loud clapping of hands, an
occurrence which should be frowned down by
every good member of society, whenever it takes
place in a court ofjustice. This we believe is
the second instance the mob has cheered a jury
on the announcement of their verdict. The
first was that of the notorious Buzzle, one of the
Convent rioters-who, hail he received his just
deserts, would have known the difference be-
tween a tight rope and a slack one.
Darby Republican.


On the 19th inst. by the Rev. Charles E. Wilson,
Mr. THOMAS COMFORT, to Miss ELENOR HUGHS,
both of Chester county.

PUBLIC SALE.

WILL BE SOLD AT PUBLIC SALE,
On 4th day the 30th of the 31 mo. inst. at tlhe
late residence of Samuel 'Tihomnas, dec'd, in
Whitpain township, Montgomery county,
The Stock, Household Goods and
Farming Utensils,
(Of said deceased,)
CONSISTING of horses, cows, sheep, swine,
carriage, wagons, plough, harrows, sleigh, win.-
nrowing mills, horse gears, wheat, rye, buckwheat,
indian corn, oats, potatoes, hay, straw, household
and kitchen furniture, hooks, meal, meat, cider,
vinegar, tanners', blackshlithls', carpenters' and cord
wainers tools, with a great variety of other articles.
Sale to commence at 12 o'clock, meridian, and
to continue from day to day, until all are sold.
Conditions at sale.


DAVID THOMAS,
JOSEPH THOMAS,
Executors
3d mno. 23d, 1836.
George 31. Potts, Treasurer of the
Borough of Norristown, for the
year ending the 17th of
March, 1836, in ac-
count.
DR.


'To balance due from last year,
To amount of tax assessed,
To rent of Ramrbo, Jones & Co. for Sto-
ny creek wharf, up to April 1st, 1835,
To cash borrowed oflthe Bank of Mont-
gomery county,
To cash for taking up a stray horse,
To cash received ofJos. Fornance, Esq.
collected of A. Ramsey,
To cash received of J. M. Pawling, bur-
gess, of circus riders,
To cash received of Jacob Adle, Jr. for
sand sold,
To cash received of do. for
repairs of bridge at Mr. M'Credy's,


CR.
By allowances to T. C. Boyle, collector,
By commissions to do. do.
By cash paid Edward Stroud, for sight
poles,
By cash paid Wm. Stroud for writing
a deed,
By cash paid Jacob Adle, Jr. Street and
Road Commissioner, in full,
By cash paid Levi Roberts rent of room
and entertaining a jury,
By cash paid Patrick Flynn for excava-
tion in part,
By cash paid Robert Iredell, for printing
By cash paid Geo. Sommerlot, assess-
ing dogs, removing nuisances, &c.
By cash paid J. Fornance, Esq. profes-
sional services,
By cash paid M'Kinsey & M'Kay reset-
ting curb stones,
By cash paid bank of Montgomery
county, money borrowed and interest,
By cash paid B. F. Hancock, esq. ta-
king depositions,
By cash paid John Hodgson, printing,


$81 72
1259 07

50 00

300 00
50

28 74

15 00

74 74

30 94

$1840 71

104 80
57 71

1 00

3 00

581 10

14 56

336 621
29 75

14 68

15 00

10 36

307 50

2 00
15 25


MONTGOMERY COUNTY LYCEUM.
A meeting of the Lyceum will be held at the
room of the Cabinet of Natural Science, on Satur-
day next, the 26th inst. at2 o'clock in the afternoon.
The auxiliary societies are respectfully requested
to attend.
l H MrTT.VANTV


March 23,1836.


A 1. A y. dLi J u .^ J. i
Secretary.


TO COOPERS.
W T"ANTED, a quantity of Flour Casks, for
which a liberal price will be paid. Enquire
of the subscriber.
JAMES HOOVEN.
Norristown, March 21, 1836.

JOHN H. SCHEETZ
Attorney at Law and Justice of
the Peace,
INFORMS his friends and the public generally,
that he has taken the office formerly occupied
by Thos. M. Jolly, Esq. on the Court House Hill--
where he will be happy to attend to any business
that may be entrusted to him.
March 23, 1836.

STATE TAX REPEALED.
B Y virtue of the following resolution, adopted
by the Legislature and approved by the Gov-
ernor on the 10th inst viz:-
WHEREAS, Although the law levying taxes
on real and personal property for the use of the
State, will expire on the 25th day of March next,
yet it appears by the report of the State Treasurer
made to the Legislature at thia presentsession, thatk
those taxes are estimated in the receipts of the
current year at two hundred and eight thousand
nine hundred and sixty three dollars, and three
cents ; and that the same would have been collect-
ed from the people, notwithstanding the expiration
of said law, but by the passage of the late act en-
titled "An act to repeal the state tax on real and
personal property, and to continue and extend the
improvements of the State by Canals and Rail
Roads, and to charter a State bank, to be called
the United States bank," the treasury will be sup-
plied in lieu thereof, and it is hereby rendered un-
necessary to demand the payment of the same,
From the citizens of this commonwealth. Therefore,
RESOLVED, By the Senate and House of Re-
presentatives of the Commonwealth of Pennsylva-
nia, in General Assembly met. That the Secreta-
ry of the Commonwealth be directed to give notice
to the Commissioners of the several counties of
this State, that they are not required to collect the
State tax for the year A. D. eighteen hundred and
thirty six, which has been or may be assessed for
State purposes since October last, under the act
entitled "an act assessing a tax on personal prop-
erty, to be collected with the county rates and
levies, for the use of the Commonwealth," and "an
act to increase the county rates and levies for the
use of the Commonwealth, passed the twenty fifth
day of March A. D. eighteen hundred and thirty
one," and if collected the same should be refunded,
and that he cause said notice to be published in at
least two newspapers in each county, where two
such papers are published, and where but one paper
is published, then in such paper, for three weeks
in succession, the costs of publication to be paid
from the county treasuries respectively. But if no
paper be published in any county, then in such
manner as shall best promote the object of this
resolution.
NER MIDDLESWARTH,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
THOMAS S. CUNNINGHAM,
Speaker of the Senate.
APPROVED the 10th day of March, Anno
Domini, one thousand eight hundred and thirty
six.
JOSEPH RITNER.


NOTICE is hereby given to the county Com-
missioners, and all others concerned in the collec-
tion of State tax in the several counties of the
Commonwealth, that they are not required to col-
lect the Sta!e tax for the year 1836, which has be :n
or may be assessed for State purposes since October
last, under the acts of Assembly mentioned in the
foregoing resolution.
Further notice is also given, that if the aforesaid
tax or any portion thereof, has been heretofore
collected in any of the counties of this Common-
A health, the same is to be refunded to the persons
from whom it was received, without cost or delay.
THOMAS H. BURROWES,
Secretary of the Commonwealth.
Secretary's Office, Harrisburg,
March ll11th, 1836.
ALEXANDER'S

NEW SERIES,
Embellished with Splendid Engravings.
9THE publisher has been induced, from the ex-
Iltensive patronage bestowed on his work, ma-
terially to change its typographical appearance and
to improve and enlarge its pages-it is already
known to be the most popular edition of Plays
which has ever been attempted in this country,
and the prospect of its further success is ample
and satisfactory. In future the Modern Acting
Drama will be published in monthly numbers of48
pages each-12 of which will constitute a volume,
or one year's subscription-embracing in all five
hundred and seventy six pages. Every play or
farce is to be accompanied by a beautiful and ap-
propriate Engraving--making in the course of the
year nearly fifty two embellishments--to which
shall be added as a Frontispiece to the work, a full
sized steel engraving, containing the likenessess of
six distinguished actors and actresses. Every per-
son who desires to preserve an invaluable collec-
tion of the best Dramatic Atthors should forward
his name forthwith, as the edition will be limited
to the number which is absolutely subscribed for.
The publisher pledges himself to make this work
equal in interest and superiority of execution to
his prospectus, or he will refund the price of sub-
scription, free of all charges.
The first number of the new series will appear
about the first of March-this delay is occasioned
by the time necessarily consumed in preparing the
Engravings. The terms of the Modern Acting
Drama is three dollars per annum, payable in ad-
vance. Subscribers to the Gentleman's Vade Me-
cum will be furnished with both works for five
dollars.
do7Any person collecting four subscribers to the
Gentleman's Vade Mecum, or the Modern Acting
Drama, and remitting the amount of one year's
subscription ($3) for each-shall be presented with
the Novelist Magazine, in two volumes, a work of
considerable popularity, and which is now selling
for $3--it contains the productions of eight differ-
ent authors, well known to the public as among
the most interesting writers of the day.
tlJ'A large and beautiful white sheet, imperial
size, filled on both sides with humorous and costly
engravings, will be published every quarter as a
c.i nl. .. 4 it Kfn -- ........ : T* -:H... 1 1-- .* -. I-


NORRISTOWN


T HE subscriber is about opening a Boarding
School, in the Mansion House lately occupied
as a boarding establishment by Mr. Magee. This
institution is located on an elevated situation, about
one fourth of a mile below the borough of Norris-
town, commanding a fine view of the picturesque
country in its vicinity.
From the he healthiness and retiredness of the sit-
uation, and from the experience of the Principal
in t;L-, bU0iness of teaching, hlie hopes to be patron-
ized by in enlightened public.
Terms $150 per annum, payable quarterly in ad-
vance.
WM. M. HOUGH.
Norristown, March 16, 1836.
REFERENCES-Rev. P.O. Studdiford, Lamberts-
ville, N. J., Hon. S. D. Ingham, and Dr. R. D. Cor-
son, New Hope, Pa. Dr. Stout, Bethlehem, Nathan-
iel B. Boileau, Esq. Dr. Jno. H. Hill, George H.
Pawling, Esq. Hatborough, Mr. Daniel Jacoby,
Sumneytown, Jonathan Roberts, Esq. Upper Mer-
on, Rev. Robert Adair, and David Sower, Norris-
town.

FEMALE HIGH SCHOOL.


R ESPECTFULLY informs the inhabitants of
Norristown and its vicinity, that she intends
opening a school for Young Ladies on the second
Monday of April next in this Borough.
TERMS.
Spelling, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, Ge-
ography, English Grammar, Composition,
and History of United States, per quarter, $5 50
With the above, Ancient and Modern History,
Gheomelry, Astronomy, Natural Philoso-
phy, etc., per quarter, ter 50
Drawing and Painting, per quarter, 6 00
If parents desire it. attention will be paid to the
various kinds of needlework.
Number of pupils limited to 25.
Parents and Guardians are referred to Dr. Thom-
as, or to Rev. Robert Adair for further informa-
tion.
Norristown, March 16th, 1836.


PUBLIC SALE,
OF VALUABLE MILL PROPERTY.

Pursuant to the last Will and Testament of Jona-
than Wentz, late of the township of White-
marsh, in the county of Montgomery,
dec'd,
WILL BE SOLD AT PUBLIC SALE,
On Wednesday the 30th day of March, inst.


AND MERCHANT MILL,
(Lqle the property of said deceased;)
SITUATE in Whitemarsh township, county
aforesaid, 12 miles from Philadelphia, adjoining
lands of Mather and Longstreth, Samuel Yeakel,.
and others, fronting on the Chesnut Hill and
Spring House turnpike road, containing about
30 Acres of first rate Limestone
Land, in a high state of cultivation, divided into
small fields and all under good fence. There are
also on the premises two good lime kilns and first
rate limestone quarry.
S'The improvements are a large two
No: story stone house, with two rooms and
!ll a kitchen on the first floor, and five on
the second, out kitchen and smoke
house, pump near the dwelling. Also-Two stone
tenant houses, a large barn sufficient to contain 30
head of cattle, wagon-house, &c. There are also
a sufficient quantity of fruit trees of various kinds
upon the premises.
The Mill is propelled by Wissahickon creek, has
two run of stones and all the necessary machinery
in good order for carrying on the milling business
extensively.
Also-gi the same time and place will be sold,
A moiety or undivided half part of

SSminall Farm,
Containing about 60 acres of land, handsomely
situated on the Skippach road near Pigeontown,
in Whitpain township, Montgomery county, 16
miles from Philadelphia, adjoining lands of Amos
Roberts and others ; 8 acres of the whole are ex-
cellent meadow, 7 acres of woodland, the remain-
der arable of a good natural quality and in a good
state of cultivation--A good apple orchard and
other fruit trees.
A comfortable stone dwelling house, and
a well of lasting water with a pump there-
| in at the door-a stone barn and frame
cooper shop, used at present for a wagon house, a
stone milk house over a constant spring of water,
and well suited for dairy purposes. The buildings
are located immediately on the above mentioned
road.
Title and possession given on or about the first
of April next. Conditions made known on the
day of sale.

Also-,- the same time and place will be sold,
The following Personal Property,
CONSISTING OF
rHITWO mnahogony dining tables, side board, card,
I_ cherry and pine tables, mahogony settee, two
large looking glasses, mantle glass, scotch and com-
mon carpet by the yard, a large assortment of chi-
na, glass and queensware, such as decanters, tumb-
lers, cups and saucers, dishes, bowls, and plates of
all kinds, large brass andirons, shovels and tongs,
waiters, half dozen fashionable chairs, also wind-
sor and other chairs, feather beds, bedding and bed-
steads,two bureaus, desk and drawers, 24 hour
clock,corner cupboard, large cooking and small
ten plate stove, brass kettles, iron pots, meat tubs,
cedar tabs and buckets, churn, together with a
great variety of kitchen furniture. Also one horse,
three cows, three shoats, hay, straw and corn fod-
der, twodearborn, wagons, sleigh, cart, plough, har-
row, wheelbarrow, winnowing mill, grindstone,
maul and wedges, wagon gears, plough gears,
chains, quarry tools, a number of carpenter tools,
cross cut saw, crow bars, picks and shovels, steel-
yards, large brass bell, plaster scales, meat and
feed chests, white oak plank, beef and pork, pota-
toes, and many articles not enumerated.
Sale to commence at 12 o'clock on said day.-
Conditions for personal property CASH.
HENRY SCHEETZ, Sr.,
EVAN JONES,
Executors.


March 16, 18M6.

PUBLIC SILE.

WILL BE SOLD AT PUBLIC SALE,
On Tuesday the 29th of March, inst. at the res-
idence of the subscriber, in Plymouth town-
ship,
The following Personal Property,


FLOUR CASKS WANTED.
THE subscriber will pay a liberal price for any
quantity of flour casks, not exceeding 3000, to be
delivered at the Bridgeport Mill (opposite Norris-
town.)
JOHN GORGAS.
March 9, 1836.

PUBLIC_ SALE.

WILL BE SOLD AT PUBLIC SALE,
On 2d day the 28th of the 3d month, (March,) at
the dwelling of the subscriber, in Plymouth
township, Montgomery county,
THE REMAINING
Household Goods and Kitchen Fur-
niture,
CONSISTING of bureaus, desks, a first rate
eight day clock with a handsome mahogany case,
tables, chairs, corner cupboard, bedsteads, beds and
bedding, looking glasses, case of drawers, chest,
kitchen dresser, dough trough, carpet, two stoves
and pipe, andirons, shovels arid tongs, churn, tubs
and buckets, beef and pork by the pound, oats,
corn and potatoes by the bushel, one cow, one
shoat, a number of cow chains, sleigh, wheelbarrow,
grindstone, hay knife, single dearborn harness,
and a variety of other articles to numerous to in-
sert.
Sale to commence at 12 o'clock, noon. Condi-
tions CAsu.
DAVID MEREDITH.
JACOB FISiHER, Auctioner.
March 9, 1836.
N. B. Sutlers are forbid bringing any spirituous
liquors on the premises at the time of sale.

NOTICE.
To Wholesale Dealers and Retail-
ers of Foreign Merchandize in
the County of Ilontgomery.
SURSUANT to an act of assembly, passed the
36th day of April, 1830, entitled an act gradu-
ating the duties upon wholesale dealers and retail-
ers of merchandize, and prescribing the mode of
issuing licences and collecting said duties, the con-
stables of the several boroughs and townships in
said county, having made their several returns
(under oath or affirmation, to the Clerk of the
Court of Quarter Sessions in said county) of the
lists of all the wholesale dealers or retailers of
goods, wares and merchandize, wines or distilled
liquors, drugs, or medicines, [except such as are
the growth, produce, or manufacture of the United
States] Merchants and dealers embraced in the
provisions of the said recited act, are hereby noti-
fied that agreeable to the fifth section thereof, the
associate judges and county commissioners will
meet at the commissioner's office in Norristown, on
Wednesday the 30th day of March next at 10 o'-
clock in the forenoon, when you may appear before
the said judges and commissioners, and show the
amount of your annual sales during the past year,
and on failure to attend as aforesaid, the said
judges and commissioners will class you according
to the best information they can have or obtain-
license to be taken out on the first day of May next.
The following will be the classification agreeable
to said act.
.4m't of sales per ann.
1st Class, $50,000 $50
2d do. 40,000 40
3d do. 30,000 30
4th do. 20,000 25
5th do. 15,000 20
6th do. 10,000 15
7th do. 5,000 12 50
8th do. 2,500 10
And all under 2,5000 to be classed in the said 8th
class.
HIRAM M'NEILL,
RICHARD B. JONES,
Associate Judges.
BEN'J. B. YOST,
F. C. BURNSIDE,
JACOB FRETZ,
Commissioners.
March 2, 1836.

Look here for Bargains.

The subscribers intending to decline busi-
ness, will sell their

AT COST FOR CASH:
C OMPRISING a complete assortment of such
articles usually kept in country stores. The
subscribers feel confident that they can sell their
goods much lower than they could be bought in
Philadelphia by the wholesale at the present time.
A. & J. S. KING.
Lumberville, Feb. 24,1836.
N. B. Persons indebted to the subscribers are
requested to call and discharge their bills previous
to the 1st of March next, and prevent cost being
added thereto.


ESTATE OP JOHN BRAND,
Late of Moreland township, Montgomery
county, dec'd.
NTOTICE is hereby given, that letters of admin-
istration upon the estate of the said JOHN
BRAND, dec'd, have been granted to the undersign-
ed, by the Register of said county. And all per-
sons having claims or demands against the estate
of the said decedent, are requested to make known
the same without delay-all persons indebted to
said estate are requested to make immediate pay-
ment, to
JONATHAN LUKENS,
Administrator.
Horsham township, Montgomery county.
Feb. 24, 1836.

ESTATE OP JOHN RICARD,
Late of Lower Merion township, Montgomery
county, dec'd.
N OTICE is hereby given, that letters of Admin-
istration have been granted to the undersigned
by the Register of said county, and all persons
having claims or demands against said decedent's
estate are requested to make the same known to
them without delay--and all persons indebted will
please to make payment immediately.
ROBERT H. RICARD,
Lower Merion,
HENRY HAUPTMAN,
Philadelphia,
Administrators.
March 16, 1836.

*ldjourned Court.

AT a Court of Common Pleas, held at Norris-
town, in and for the County of Montgomery
the 4th of March 1836, itwas ordered by the Judg-
es thereof, that an Adjourned Court of Common
Pleas &c. be holden for said County, to commence


WILL BE SOLID AT PUBLIC SALE,
On Saturday the 26th of March, 1836, at the
residence of the subscriber, in the Bo-
rough of Norristowrn,-
ALL HIS STOCK
Of Stuff and Toolse
UCl-I as spokes, hubs, axletrees, boards and
plank, four work benches with screws, axes,
planes, augers, cross cut saw,paint stones, oil cans,.
two grindstones, one turning lay, and also a first
rate set of smith tools, consisting of two anvils, one
pair of bellows, one vice, two first rate pair of
stocks, swedges, bolt and rivet tools, tongs, ham
mers and sledge, one second hand gig. and harness,.
one cow, and a variety of articles too tedious to
mention.
Sale to commence at 1 o'clock, and. conditions
made known, by
SAMUEL SHARPLES.
March 9, 1836.
N. B. The subscriber, about to decline business,
will sell without reserve.

PUBLIC SALE,

WILL BE SOLD AT PUBLIC SALE,
On Thursday the 24th of March, inst. at the res-
idence of the subscriber, in Gwynedd
township, Montgomery county,
THE FOLLOWING PROPERTY, VIZ:
COWS, swine, hay by the hundred, straw by the
bundle, grain in the ground, cart and gears, two
new dearborn wagons, ploughs and harrows, win-
nowing minU, cutting box, rakes, forks, and a great
variety of other farming utensils not here enume-
rated.
Also-at the same time and place, will be sold,
the following smithing tools:- bellows, anvils, vice,
and tools in their variety.
Also-household and kitchen furniture, such as
beds, bedsteads and bedding, tables and chairs, tubs,
buckets, casks, &c. &c.
Sale to commence at 12 o'clock, noon-when at-
tendance will be given and conditions made known,
by
WILLIAM RILAND..
March 9, 1836.
N. B. Persons wishing to purchase the Emithing
tools, at Private Sale previous to the day of sale,
will apply as above.

Amuerican Ladies' magazine..
Devoted to Female Education, and the Moral Im-
provement of Society.
EDITED BY MRS. SARAH J. HALE.

PROSPECTUS OF VOLUME IX.
WE have persevered through Eight Years of
editorial care and labor ; never, for a single month,
relinquishing the superintendence of our work.-
We have seen numerous literary periodicals pass
away, since the American Ladies' Magazine was-
established. We name this circumstance, not in
the spirit of boasting of our own superior manage-
ment, but as a deserved tribute to our American
ladies and the friends of women, who have so
steadily supported a publication devoted" to, the
sex.
We now begin the Ninth Volume. Shall we be
sustained ? We will not doubt it. We rely on
our friends for aid in obtaining names. Will not
every lady and every gentleman, who take an in-
terest in the cause of female education, endeaver to
send us one subscriber? We ask these favors
confidently. Ours is the only periodical in the Re-
public devoted solely to the mental, moral and re-
ligious improvement of woman. We have the
assistance of many of our best female writers. We
offer a field, where female genius may find scope ;
where the female mind may engage in its appro-
priate work-that of benefiting thefemale sex.
We feel that the continuance of our work is of
importance-that it will do good. Its influence is-
directed to promote social refinement, domestic
virtues, and humble piety. And unless intelligent
ladies devote themselves to the work of education,.
and implant deeply the principles of our holy relii
gion in the heart ofthe young, neither Christianity
nor Freedom can be maintained in our country.-
The character of our magazine is, however, well
known. We need only add, that we have madb
arrangements, by which we hope its interests and
usefulness will be increased. We only wish for
an increase of subscribers: this will animate our
exertions, as well as reward them.
The work is issued on the 15th of every month;
and each number contains sixty octavo pages.-
The subscription price is $3 per annum, payable
in advance.
Subscriptions received at this Office.


NOTICE TO LIMEBURNERS.

F OUR or Five steady men, well acquainted
with burning, arching &c. will hear of a good
situation, by applying to the subscriber.
JAMES HOOVEN.
Norristown, March 2, 1835.
Estate ot Jacob Fulmere,
Late of Abington township, Montgomery
county, dec'd.
N OTICE is hereby given, that letters testamei'-
tary have been granted to the undersigned, by
the Register of said county.-All persons having
claims or demands against said decedent, are re-
quested to make them known-to the subscriber
without delay, and all persons indebted to said es-
tate, are requested to make immediate payment, to
JONATHAN BRIGHT,
Acting Executor.
Abington township, Montgomery county.
Feb. 17, 1836.

TWood TManted.

WANTED, from 500 to 1000 cords of Oak
Wood, for which a liberal price will be paid.
Enquire of the subscriber.
JAMES HOOVEN.
Norri-stown, Feb. 24, 1836.
PROPOSALS
For Publishing in Doylestown, Bucks Co.
A WEEKLY PAPER, TO BE ENTITLED
THE BUCKS COUNTY TELEGRAPH,
AND
ANTI-ZMASONIC DEMOC RAT.

7 HE undersigned is induced by the urgent so-
licitations of numerous friends, to submit pro-
posals for the publication of a weekly paper under
the above title. The first number of the paper
will be issued on or before the first of March next.
The TELEGRAPH will be conducted upon Demo-
cratic Anti-Masonic principles. The present State
Administration shall receive its zealous and une-


IIPI~--C------"P~1I -- -'











NORRISTOWN FREE PRESS.


A Review of the Moral World.

When we take a survey of the moral world
in all the periods of its history, we perceive
throughout almost every part of its extent, an
inextricable maze, and a scene of clashing
and confusion, which are directly opposed to
the harmony and order which pervaded the
material system. When we take a retros-
pective view of the moral state of mankind,
during the ages that are past, what do we
behold, but a revolting scene of perfidy, ava-
rice, injustice and revenge,---of wars, rapine,
devastation and bloodshed; nation rising
against nation, one empire dashing against
another, tyrants exercising the most horrid
cruelties, Superstition and Idolatry immola-
ting millions of victims, and a set of despe-
rate villains termed heroes, prowling over the
world, turning fruitful fields into a wilder-
ness, burning towns and villages, plundering
palaces and temples, drenching the earth
with human gore, and erecting thrones on
the ruins of nations? Here we behold an
Alexander, with his numerous armies, dri-
ving the ploughshare of destruction through
surrounding nations, levelling cities with the
dust, and massacreing their inoffensive in-
habitants, in order to gratify a mad ambition
and to be eulogised as a hero-there we be-
hold a Xerxes, fired with pride and with the
lust of dominion, leading forward an army of
three millions of infatuated wretches to be
slaughtered by the victorious and indignant
Greeks. Here we behold an Alaric, with
his barbarous hordes, ravaging the southern
countries of Europe, overturning the most
splendid monuments of art, pillaging the me-
tropolis of the Roman Empire, and deluging
its streets and houses with the blood of the
slain-there we behold a Tamerlane over-
running Persia, India, and other regions of
Asia, carrying slaughter and devastation in
his train, and displaying his sportive cruel-
ty by pounding three or four thousand peo-
ple at a time in large mortars, and building
their bodies with bricks and mortar into a
wall. On the one hand, we behold six mil-
lions of Crusaders marching in wild confu-
sion through the eastern parts of Europe, de-
vouring every thing before them, like an ar-
my of locusts, breathing destruction to Jews
and Infidels, and massacreing the inhabitants
of Asia with infernal fury. On the other
hand, we behold the immense forces of Jen-
ghiz Khan ravaging the kingdoms of eastern
Asia, to an extent of 15 millions of square
miles, beheading 100,000 prisoners at once,
convulsing the world with terror, and utterly
exterminating from the earth fourteen mil-
lions of human beings. At one period, we
behold the ambition and jealousy of Marius
and Sylla embroiling the Romans in all the
horrors of a civil war, deluging the city of
Rome for five days with the blood of her cit-
izens, transfixing the heads of her senators
with poles, and dragging their bodies to the
Forum to be devoured by dogs. At another,
we behold a Nero trampling on the laws of
nature and society, plunging into the most
abominable debaucheries, practising cruel-
ties which fill the mind with horror, murder-
ing his wife Octavia and his mother Agrip-
pina, insulting Heaven and mankind, by of-
fering up thanksgivings to the gods on the
perpetration of these crimes, and setting fire
to Rome, that he might amuse himself with
the universal terror and despair which that
calamity inspired. At one epoch, we be-
hold the Goths and Vandals rushing, like an
overflowing torrent, from east to west, and
from north to south, sweeping before them
every vestige of civilization and art, butch-
ering all within their reach without distinc-
tion of age or sex, and marking their path
with rapine, desolation and carnage. At an-
other, we behold the emisaries of the Romish
See slaughtering without distinction or mer-
cy, the mild and pious Albigenses, and trans-
forming their peaceful abodes into a scene of
universal consternation and horror, while the
Inquisition is torturing thousands of devoted
victims, men of piety and virtue, and com-
mitting their bodies to the flames.
At one period of the world, almost the
whole earth appeared to be little else than
one great field of battle, in which the human
race seemed to be threatened with utter ex-


termination. The Vandals, Huns, Sarma-
tians, Alans, and Suevi, were ravaging Gaul,
Spain, Germany, and other parts of the Ro-
man empire; the Goths were plundering
Rome, and laying waste the cities of Italy; the
Saxons and Angles were overrunning Britain
and overturning the government of the Ro-
mans. The armies of Justinian and of the
Huns and Vandals were desolating Africa,
and butchering mankind by millions. The
whole forces of Scythia were rushing with ir-
resistable impulse on the Roman empire,
desolating the countries, and almost exter-
minating the inhabitants wherever they came.
The Persian armies were pillaging Hierapo-
lis, Aleppo, and the surrounding cities, and
reducing them to ashes; and were laying
waste all Asia, from the Tigris to the Bospho-
rus. The Arabians under Mahomet and his
successors were extending their conquests
over Syria, Palestine, Persia, and India, on
the east, and over Egypt, Barbary, Spain and
the islandsof the Mediterranean, on the west;
cutting in pieces with their swords all the
enemies ofIslamism. In Europe, every king-
dom was shattered to its centre; in the Ma-
hommedan empire in Asia, the Caliphs, Sul-
tans, and Emirs were waging continual wars;
new sovereignties were daily rising and dai-
ly destroying; and Africa was rapidly depop-
ulating, and verging towards desolation and
hKo.rh.Azm i,


Commissioners' Office, Norristown,
February 17th, 1836.


T HE delinquent Collectors of Montgomery
county are requested to meet at the Commis
sioners' Office on Monday the 28th day of March
next, and pay off their respective balances, as no
further indulgence will be given.
JACOB HIGHLY, Treasurer.
N.B. The Commissioners requests the Assessors
to attend at the office on 29th of March next, to re
ceive their Transcripts.


COMMON SCHOOL SYSTEM.
A GREEABLY to the 19th section of the Com-
mon School Law of 1834, notice is hereby
given that the sum or dividend of state appropria-
tion, out of the Common School Fund, to which
each school division (county) in the Common-
wealth, is entitled for the year 1836, (exclusive of
a dividend of $100,000 due to the school fund by
the Bank of the United States, on the 6th day ot
June, 1836, which dividend will be payable to each
division immediately after said 6th day of June,)
is as follows:-
Counties, Amount.
Adams, (paid,) $1,235 71
Allegheny, : : 3,017 35
Armstrong, : : 960 09
Beaver, : : : 1,240 42
Bedford, : 1,309 40
Bradford, : : 991 93
Berks, : : : 3,007 32
Bucks, : : : 2,675 30
Butler, : : : 828 32
Chester, : : : 3,015 87
Cumberland, : : 1,574 70
Columbia, : : 1,037 92
Centre, : : 1,066 50
Clearfield, : : 262 94
Crawford, : : 894 36
Cambria, : : 337 22
Delaware, : : 1,070 93
Dauphin, : : 1,356 57
Erie, : 845 15
Franklin, : : 1,796 67
Fayette, (paid,) : : 1,736 30
Greene, : : 925 90
Huntingdon, : : 1,476 54
Indiana, : 805 33
Juniata, : : 612 35
Jefferson, : : 104 94
Lancaster, : : 4419 02
Lebanon, : : : 1,050 29
Lehigh, : : : 1,273 73
Luzerne, : : 1,321 30
Lvcoming, : : : 908 31
M'Kean, : : : 90 50
Montgomery, ; : 2,429 56
Mifflin, : : : 625 59
Mercer, : : 1,023 77
Northampton, : : 2,176 05
Northumberland, : : 1,056 60
Philadelphia city and county, 10,997 00
Pike, : : : 262 05
Perry, : : : 878 43
Potter, (paid,) : : 72 81
Somerset, : : : 984 56
Susquehanna, : ; : 764 65
Schuylkill, : : : 800 32
Tioga, : : 481 96
Union, : : : 1,111 90
Venango, : : 568 92
Warren, : : 271 19
Washington, : : 2,397 73
Westmoreland, : : 1,920 77
Wayne, ; : : 407 09
York, : : 2,513 27

$75,000 00
The attention of the several districts of the com-
monwealth is respectfully directed to the fifth sec-
tion of the supplement to the school law, (passed
the 15th day of April, 1835.) Agreeably with the
provisions of that section, the portions of the state
appropriation intended for the several districts not
accepting the school law, are to remain and accu-
mulate in the treasury of the proper county, for
and during two years from the date of the supple-
ment, for the use of such non accepting districts.
But if such districts shall not, within two years,
accept the law, then such accumulated sum shall
be distributed at the end of that time, amongst the
accepting districts in the respective divisions.
The two years above mentioned will expire on
the 15th day of April, 1837. Before that day only
one joint meeting of delegates and county commis-
sioners (viz: on the 2d day of May next) can or
will take place: at which joint meeting in the
several divisions, or at some of the regular adjourn-
ments thereof, the number of districts which shall
be entitled to a dividend of the said two years
accmulation, will be unalterably fixed.
It will therefore be perceived that the approach-
ing election of directors (on the 18th day of March
next) is a subject of deep import to the districts
which have hitherto rejected the system. The
claim of the districts to the two years' dividends of
appropriation, which will at the end of that period,
remain for their use in the proper county treasuries,
will be established or abandoned by the vote which
their representatives may give in the next May
joint meeting. Consequently the meeting to elect
directors in March will be the only opportunity
presented to the citizens of each hitherto refusing
district, to determine by choosing their representa-
tives in the board of directors, whether they will
accept the two years accumulalation of school
money.
In addition to the two ordinary annual state ap-
propriations of $75,000 there will, also be, on the
15th of April 1837, subject to distribution under the
above mentioned provisions of the 5th section of
the supplement, an instalment $100,000 payable
by the Bank of the United States to the common
school fund in the present year.


THO. H. BURROWES,
Sup. of Comn. Schools.
Secretary's Office, ?
Harrisburg, Feb. 24, 1836. $
Dissolution of Partnership.

THE co-partnership heretofore existing between
the subscribers trading under the firm of Sam-
uel Livezey & Co. is this day, January 1st, 1836,
dissolved by mutual consent-and all persons in-
debted to said firm, are requested to make payment
to Charles Galloney, Who is authorized to settle
all the accounts of said firm.
CHARLES GALLONEY,
SAMUEL LIVEZEY, Jr.
Plymouth, January 20, 1836.
N. B. The public are very respectfully informed
that the subscriber will continue business in the
same place, and hopes by strict attention to busi-
ness, and keeping a good assortment of goods, to
merit a continuance of custom.
C. GATLL.ONEY.


VALUABLE STORE STAND
TO LET.

JS^S A Store Stand and Dwelling, situ-
ated in Dreshertown, Upper Dublin
Ili township, is offered for Reit. The
house has 4 rooms on the first floor
and 3 on the second, with garret and cellar under
the whole.
Apply to
LEVI DRESHER.
January 6, 1836.

Estate of Enos Jacoby, deeld.
OTICE is hereby given to all persons indebt-
ed to the estate of Enos Jacoby, late of the
borough ofNorristown, in the county of Montgom-
ery, Merchant, dec'd, to make payment immediate-
ly, and all persons having claims or demands
against the estate of said decedent, are requested to
make known the same without delay, to
JOHN ZIEBER,
CHARLES JONES,
Administrators.
Norristown, Montgomery county.
Dec. 30, 1835.

Pennsylvania, ss.
Tk t IN THE NAME and by the authori-
-f ~ty of the Commonwealty of Penn-
sylvania,
33Y JOSEPH RITNER)
'rf Governor of the Commonwealth.
A PROCLAMATION.
W7HEREAS, I have received authentic in-
formation that Henry Trumbower, a citi-
zen of the county of Montgomery, in this Com-
monwealth, was about the middle of last Novem-
ber at the house of Jacob Geiger, in the township
of Limerick, in said county, killed in an affray with
a number of persons, by whom the said Trimbow-
er, with others, was assailed, and that the perpetra-
tors of the said offence, immediately absconded,
and are still at large. And Whereas, the reputa-
tion of the government, the peace and security of
its citizens, and the obligations of justice and hu-
manity require that the perpetrators of an offence
so atrocious should be apprehended, secured and
punished ; 1 have therefore thought it proper to is.
sue this Proclamation, hereby offering a reward of
THREE HUNDRED DOLLARS, to any person
or persons who shall appprehend and secure the
said perpetrators, or either of them, in the Jail of
the county of Montgomery, to be paid on the con-
viction of the said perpetrators, or either of them,
and all Judges, Justices, Sheriffs, Coroners, Con-
stables and other officers of this Commonwealth
are hereby strictly required and enjoined, to be at-
tentive and vigilant in inquiry after, and bringing
to justice the persons guilty of the crime aforesaid.
Given utinder my hand, and the Great Seal of the
State at Harrisburg, this second day of Febru-
ary, in the year of our Lord on* thousand
eight hundred and thirty six, and of the Com-
monwealth the sixtieth.
By the Governor,
THO'S H. BURROWS,
Secretary of the Commonwealth.
February 10,1836.

STRAY.
AME to the farm of the subscriber in More-
land township, Montgomery county, near the
Sorrel Horse Tavern, on or about the 24th of
December last, a white and black speckled Steer,
of the Durham stock, both ears cropped, and then
very lame, supposed to be about three years old:
entered in the township book. The owner is re-
quested to attend to this notice, prove his property,
pay charges, and take the steer, or he must be
disposed of according to law. Apply to Joshua
Wilson, Township Clerk, or to
ANTHONY YERKES.
Moreland, Feb. 3, 1836.
J ESTATE OF SAMUEL BARTIhjISON,
Late of Whitpain township, Montgomery
county, dec'd.
NOTICE is hereby given that letters testamentary
have been granted by the Register of this county,
to the undersigned executors-All persons indebt-
ed to the said estate are therefore requested to make
immediate payment-and those having claims to
present their demands properly attested fir settle-
ment, to
ELIZABETH BARTLESON,
Executrix.
WILLIAM RYNEAR,
Executor.
Whitpain township, Montgemery county.
Jan. 27, 1836.

Estate of Isaac W illiams,
Late of Whitemarsh township, Montgomery
county, dec'd,
A LL persons indebted to the estate of Isaac
Williams, late of Whitemarsh township, Mont-
gomery county, dec'd. are requested to make pay-
ment on or before the 1st of the 2d month next--


And those having claims against said ,tate are
requested to present them properly attested for set-
tlement, to
JOHN L. WILLIAMS,
Bristol township, Philadelphiacounty,
THOMAS LIVEZEY,
Plymouth township, Montgomery county,
12th. mo. 30, 1835.

FOR SALE,


Several

Apply to
ship.


yoke of Oxen and young
Cattle.
the subscriber, in Whitemarsh town-


12th mo. 16, 1835.


ISAAC JONES.


PRIVATE SALE.

The subscriber offers at Private i9e,
A VALUABLE LOT,
SITUATE in the village of Lumberville, in Up-
per Providence township, Montgomery county,
fronting on the Schuylkill canal, affording a good
landing for the prosecution of the lumber business;
containing about one acre. ofland, on which is erect-
Jed a new two story stone house, 36 by
20 feet, a frame stable, 18 feet square,
IN a shop, now occupied by a shoemaker,
fel a well of water convenient to the door
with a pump therein, &c. a stream of water passes
throuLrh one corner of the lot.


Estate of Gardiner Latch,
Late of Lower Merion township, Montgom-
ery county, dec'd.
N OTICE is hereby given, that letters of Admin-
istration have been granted to the undersigned
by the Register of said county, and all persons
having claims or demands against said decedent's
estate are requested to make the same known to
them without delay-and all persons indebted will
please to make payment immediately.
FRANCIS H. LATCH,
Administrator,
Roxborough, Philadelphia county.
HENRIETTA LATCH,
Administratrix,
Lower Merion, Montgomery county.
Dec. 9, 1835.
Estate of Thomas Tyson,
Late of Abington township, Montgomery
county, dec'd.
OTICE is hereby given, that letters testamen-
tary upon the estate of THOMAS TYsoN, late
of the township of Abington, in the county of
Montgomery, dec'd., have been duly granted to
the undersigned Executors of the last will and tes-
tament of said decedent. All persons indebted to
the said estate are requested to make payment, and
those having claims against the same will please
present them for settlement, to
SARAH TYSON,
Executrix.
JAMES PAUL,
Executor.
Abington township, Montgomery county.
Jan. 27, 1836.

LOOKHERE!
The subscriber intending to decline the Dry-
Goods Business,
OFFERS FOR SALE,
The whole of hI is stock of
Dry Goods,
ONSISTING of Cloths,Cassimeres,Sattinetts,
super 6-4 English Merino, common do. Silks,
double and single width Bombasin, Shawls, Irish
Linen, Cloaks, Flannels, Gloves, Hosiery, &e. &c.
Persons wishing to purchase will do well to
call before purchasing elsewhere, as the subscri-
ber is determined to sell. To a person wishing tS
engage in the dry-goods business, the stand to-
gether with the stock will be disposed of on favor-
able terms.
PETER THOMAS,
No. 10, South Second st., Philadelphia.
llth mo. 4th, 1835.
N. B. All persons indebted to the subscriber or
the late firm of Thomas & Hawkins, will please
call and settle their accounts previous to First mo.
1st, 1836.
GREAT AMERICAN WORK.
Illustrated with between 300 and 400 Engravings.
American Journal of Scientific
and Useful Knowledge.
O0 numerous are the productions of the press, in
This period of cheap literature, that an individ-
al who proposes to make any addition to them,
should be well convinced that the wants of the
community are such as require it. But every class
requires a book adapted to itself and that book
should contain such matter as will convey new and
interesting information, not of the speculative and
useless description, which only retards the acqui-
sition of more solid attainments. Practical and
useful knowledge, adapted to the necessities of so-
ciety, will always find a market, and be sought
after with an avidity proportionate to its estimate
and importance. The thirst for knowledge, which
so highly distinguished the present period should
be hailed with universal satisfaction, and it is a
cheering reflection, that the door is so widely
thrown open, that none are so poor as to be debar-
red. The success that has attended the dissemi-
nation of the Penny Magazine, has induced the
proprietors to issue this prospectus, for the publi-
cation of the American Journal of Scientific and
Useful Knowledge, and it is hoped that its merits
will be such as to entitle it to a share of the public
patronage, without clashing with the interests of
others, or of underating the merits which many of
them undoubtedly possess. The editor will take a
general range through the field of usefulness. The
Journal embraces biographical sketches of eminent
men, Historical Tales, Discoveries, Inventions, Nat-
ural History, Chemistry, Shrewd Observations, &c.
all calculated to expand the intellect, improve the
moral powers, and convey useful information.
Each number will contain numerous engravings,
illustrative of the subject described.
A number is to be published on the 15th of every
month, containing between forty and fifty imperial
octavo pages and between twenty and thirty en-
gravings with printed covers.
TERMS-$-2 per annum, payable in advance-18
3-4 cents per single number.
All communications (post paid) must be address-
ed to THOMAS M'KEE, Jr. and Co. Albany, No. 57
State Street.


Any person remitting (post free) 8 dollars shall
receive five copies for one year, and continued as
long as the money is regularly forwarded.
Post Masters and others who may wish to act as
agents for the American Journal, shall receive
twenty five per cent on all monies collected and
forwarded to the Publishers, to be accompanied at
all times with the subscribers' names from whom
it is collected.
U-This work will be furnished to subscribers
free of postage.
March 2,1835.
CAREY'S LIBRARY
OF
CHOICE LITERATURE.

WHEN this work was about commencing, the
Proprietors, in their original Prospectus,
stated, that their facilities were very great for con-
ducting a publication of the kind. The selections
already have given great satisfaction. "The Life
of Sir James Mackintosh," Kincaid's Rifle Brig-
ade,".and "Characteristics ofHindostan," are works
that at the same time are interesting and instruc-
tive. Nothing bearing a different character shall
ever find a place in the Library.
As a proof of our facilities, we havecommeced in
No. 14, the publication of a work of History and
Fiction, by James-received by us one month in
advance of any other publisher. This gentleman is
the author of those deservedly popular works,
"Darnley," "D'Lorme," "Richelieu," "Philip Au-
gustus," "Henry Masterton,""John Marston Hall,"
"Mary of Burgundy," "The Gypsey," &c. The
present work will sustain his high reputation. The
scene is laid in: France, during the reign of its gay-
est monarch, Henri Quatre, and is full of those
beantiful donriontionn nnd stirring, incidenit wlh'kh


American Monthly Magazine was commenced with-
out a single subscriber, on the first of March 1833.
It was issued under the editorial supervision of H.
W. Herbert, Esq. and A. D. Patterson, A. M.; and
notwithstanding the retirement of Professor Pat-
terson, after the completion of the 2d volume, the
work continued so steadily to increase in reputa-
tion and resources under the able editorship of Mr.
Herbert, as to warrant a large addition to the num
ber of its pages upon commencing a new series in
March 1835. At that time Mr. C. F. Hoffman be-
came the principal editor the ofAmerican Monthly,
which during the last year, has had a large acces-
sion of readers and correspondents; and while
from the very first it has never put forth the name
of a contributor, as a lure to either writer or read-
er, or solicited literary or monied patronage in
any way whatsoever, except by its contents, many
of the ablest minds in the country have quietly
made it their medium of communicating with the
public, and kept its prosperity continually upon
the increase.
It has been deemed advisable to unite these two
periodicals under one general title-both to in-
crease their value to subscribers and to afford a
more liberal support to the work. The name of
'American Mothly' was chosen and retained, be-
cause it was the most general, belonged to two of
the journals herein comprised, and must be more
popular than one which was sectional to all those
who love our whole country' better than any par-
ticular part. The only difference to present sub-
scribers, besides the alteration of the title to those
of the New England, will consist in the increase of
pages and the greater variety and superior char-
acter of the articles. It will appear in Boston and
New York on the same day, and be supported
equally by the talent of both places. It will be
conducted by the same editors as are at present en-
gaged on the separate journals. The experience of


HOUSE J.L aD LOT
FO.R RENT.

JThe subscriber offers for Rent a good
stone house and lot of ground, situate
lin Plymouth township, Montgomery
~county.
For further information call on the subscriber
near the premises.
WM. WILLS.
Feb.3, 1836.

JOHN BU'CKj.J'CM,
TIN AND SHEET IRON


NORRISTOWN,


INSURANCE AGAINST LOSS BY

FIRE.

The Franklin Fire Insurance Com-
pany of Philadelphia,
C ONTINUES to make permanent or limited
insurance against Loss or Damage by Fire, in
Town or Country, on Houses, Barns, Mills, Manu-
factories, Stores and other Buildings, and on Goods,
Furniture, Merchandize and Agricultural Products,
at very reduced premiums.
Application may be made at the office No. 1631
Chesnut street, nearly opposite the United States
Bank, either personally or by letter addressed to
CHARLES N. BANCKER, Secretary.
March 11, 1835.--1 yr.
Persons in the neighborhood wishing informa-
tion on the subject of Insurance, will apply to Alan
W. Corson of Whitemarsh township, Montgomery
county.

Estate of MIargaret Rambo,
Late of Upper Merion township, Montgom-
ery county dec'd.
OTICE is hereby given, that letters testamen-
i tary upon the estate of MARGARET RAMBO,
late of the township of Upper Merion, in the county
of Montgemery, dec'd., have been duly granted to
the undersigned Executor of the last will and tes-
tament of said decedent. All persons indebted to
the said estate are requested to make payment, and
those having claims against the same will please
present them for settlement, to
GEO. W. SHAINLINE, Executor.
Upper Merion township, Montgomery county
Dec. 2,1835.

SEMIAX/IR r.

T HE inhabitants of the borough of Norristown
and its vicinity are respectfully informed that
the subscriber intends opening a school for the in-
struction of youth on the 4th of January, where the
following Branches of Education will be taught,
viz :
Spelling, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, Gram-
mer, Geography, Composition, Elocution, Needle,
Bead and Fancy Work, Music, Drawing, and the
rudiments of the French Language.
The most respectable references can be given,
and she will pay the most indefatigable attention to
the manners and morals of the pupils. She flatters
herself she will merit a share of the public patron-
age.
Terms made known at the seminary.
MARIA I1. JAMES.
Norristown, Dec. 16. 1835.

PROSPECTUS OF THE
American 1Ionthly Magazine,
COMPRISING
The New England Magazine, the American
Monthly Magazine, the American Month-
ly Review, and the United States Review.

O N the first of January, 1836, was issued Vol. 1
No. 1, of the American Monthly Magazine,
edited by Park Benjamin and Charles F. Hoffman.
This Magazine will contain original papers, re-
views of the latest works, literary intelligence, and
notices of Science and the Arts. No exertions will
be spared to render the work truly American, and
in all respects worthy the patronage of the Amer-
ican public. Assuming the cause of no political
party, it will present free discussions and essays on
topics of National importance. Awarding to the
institutions of other countries their just praise, it
will defend and maintain the peculiar excellency
of these principles which are the glory of Ameri-
can citizens. Without further preamble we leave
the Journal to speak for itself.
The American Monthly Magazine is no more
experiment, no novel undertaking. To form it are
combined Periodicals, which have already attain-
ed a high reputation and great popular regard.
1st. The New England magazine. Nine vol-
umes of this highly esteemed Monthly have been
published. It was established in July 1831. by J.
T. & E. Buckingham, and conducted by them with
judgment and ability for more than three years.-
It was then transferred into other hands, and has
since been chiefly under the editorial charge of
Park Benjamin, Esq. During its publication, two
other journals of a similar character were merged
in it-viz : 'The American Monthly Review,' and
'The United States Magazine.' The former ac-
quired celebrity, both in England and our own
country, for its capital reviews and notices of na-
tive works. It was established and edited two
years by Professor Willard of Harvard University.
Not meeting with that success which was due to
the talent engaged in its support, it was connected
with the New England Magazine. The U. S.
Magazine was projected by Park Benjamin and
Epes Sargent, Jr. Esqs. and promised fairly to suc-
ceed, when it was thought best to combine it also
with the New England.
2d. The American Monthly Magazine. The


The work will be stereotyped, and any of the
Numbers can be had separate, if desired.
They will be sent by post to any part of the
Union, so packed as to defy the friction of the
mails. Postage under 10Q miles 1 cents per sheet,
over 100 miles 2. cents.


R ESPECTFULLY returns thanks to his nu-
merous customers for their generous patron
age, and hopes by continued attention to business,
to merit a continuance of their favor.
He has now on hand different sizes of Stanley's
celebrated Cooking Stoves, which he will furnish
in complete order to any of his friends and custo-
mers as cheap as they can be procured in Philadel-
phia or elsewhere.
The Rotary stove, of which the above is a repre-
sentation, stands ahead of all other inventions that
have yet been made, in point of usefulness. It
consumes less fuel-cooks greater amount of eat-
ables-and throws out more heat, and is acknowl-
edged by every one who has seen it used to be
superior-and those who have used them, decide
with the subscriber that they cant be beat. Per-
sons who are about preparing for the approaching
winter, will do well to call and BUY one of Stan-
ley's Patent Rotary Cooking Stoves, as they can
be recommended above all others, and are warrant-
ed to save fuel and other expenses.
Also a general assortment of


WARE,
Kept constantly on hand. Mending done on rea-
sonable terms. Old pewter, copper or lead, bought
or taken in exchange for ware.
Oct. 21, 1335.

OFFICE
FOR THE PURCHASE AND SALE
Or RBEAL ESTATE.
O2 -a m 19
No. 76. Vine street, Philadelphia.
-1. ONEY procured on Mortgage, Notes, Drafts,
IJ. Bills arid Rents, collected. Persons residing
at a distance, and holding property in this city, will
find a responsible agent in the subscriber.
Oct. 29, 1834.

PHILIP KENDALL,
V ERY respectfully informs his friends and the
p public that lie has resumed the practice of the
Law, and the possession of the same office, which
hlie formerly occupied on the Court-House Hill
where he will henceforth with pleasure and promp;
titude, attend to such professional business as may
be confided to him.
Norristown, Sent. 16, 1835.

CORN SHELLING MACHINE.

T Hf-E subscriber, having purchased the right
Xfor making and vending Hlawley's Corn Shel
ling Machine for the county of Montgomery, heret
by gives notice, that persons wishing to purchase
this useful invention may procure the same ready
made of the subscriber, residing at Win. Kennedy's,
in Upper Merion township, near the Valley Forge.
Persons desirous of purchasing township rights fur
selling this economical and labor saving machine,
can do so by making application to the subscriber.
This machine will, if well attended, shell a bushel
of corn per minute, and is of such construction that
one person can performing the operation of turning
without the necessity of being relieved by another.
ELIAS KNAUER.
Dec. 9, 1835.
N. B. All persons are hereby forbidden making
or selling the above machine in Montgomery coun-
ty without proper authority from the subscriber,
and the law will be enforced against all offenders.

PETER SIMPLE NOVELS,
AT 37J CENTS EACH.

UNIFORM EDITION

THlE great and constantly increasing demand
for the novels of Captain Marrvati, has induced the
subscriber to commence the publication of a new
edition of his entire writings, in a new form, and
at a reduced price. Several of his works that have
not yet appeared in this country will he comprised
in this series, which will, when completed, be the
only uniform edition of his writings that has yet
issued from the press.
The work will be published in semi-monthly
Numbers at 3'i. cents per number. Each number
complete in itself, and containing the whole of one
of his works, equal to Two Duodecimo volumes ;
a Title Page to each number.
The whole series will be complete in Eight Num-
bers, and will form a royal octavo volume contain-
ing nearly twelve hundred pages for three dollars.
List of works to be comprised in this edition :_
Frank Mildmay, or the Naval Officer.
Newton Foster, of the Merchant Service.
King's Own.
Peter Simple, or the Adventures of a Midship-
man.
Jacob Faithful.
Pacha of Many Tales.
Japhet in Search of his Father.
Naval and Military Sketches.
The first number will positively be issued early
in January, and the whole will be completed by
the last of April.