Norristown free press
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073674/00001
 Material Information
Title: Norristown free press
Physical Description: 8 v. : ; 52 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Henry S. Bell
Place of Publication: Norristown Pa
Creation Date: January 20, 1836
Publication Date: 1829-1837
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Norristown (Pa.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Montgomery County (Pa.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Pennsylvania -- Montgomery -- Norristown
Coordinates: 40.12 x -75.341667 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Dec. 15, 1829)-vol. 8, no. 8 (Jan. 25, 1837).
General Note: Publishers: Henry S. Bell, <1831>; Robert Iredell, <1832>.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 13878317
lccn - sn 85036104
System ID: UF00073674:00001
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Norristown herald and free press (Norristown, Pa. : 1837)

Full Text


"Willing to praise--But not afraid to blanp. *


I(D S O IIa_ I~33 III i I II I I I I I I IiII iII i" I Ia I

THE 'Norri ttoWn reet ress is published ev-
ery Wednesday morning, at TWO DOLLARS per
year, one half payable in advance. No subscription
taken for less than six months, and no discontinu-
ance permitted until all arrearages are discharged.
A failure to notify a discontinuance will be consid-
ered as a wish to continue the subscription.
ADVERTISEMENTS will be thankfully received,
and published at the rate of One Dollar per square
for the first three insertions;and twenty-fivecents
for every subsequent insertion.
17 All LETTERS, &c. addressedto theEditor, on
business connected with the establishment, must
be post patd, to receive attention.

To Sarah.

thor to
all our

Sarah," was evidently addressed by the au-
his estimable wife. It is a perfect gem, as
married readers will acknowledge.
.N. Y. .Mirror.

One happy year has fled, Sall,
Since you were all my own,
The leaves have felt the autumn blight,
The wintry storm has blown.
We heeded not the cold blast,
Nor the winter's icy air ;
For we found our climate in the heart,
And it was summer there.
The summer sun is bright, Sail,
The skies are pure in hue;
But clouds will sometimes sadden them,
And dim their lovely blue ;
And clouds may come to us, Sall,
But sure they will not stay ;
For there's a spell in kindred hearts
To chase their gloom away.
In sickness and in sorrow
Thine eyes were on me still,
And there was comfort in each glance
To charm the sense of ill.
And were they absent now, Sail,
I'd seek my bed of pain,
And bless each pang that gave me back,
Thy looks of love again.
Oh, pleasant is the welcome kiss,
When day's dull round is o'er,
And sweet the music of the step
That meets me at the door.
Though worldly cares may visit us,
I reck not when they fall,
While I have thy kind lips, my Sail,
To smile away them all.

There is an evening twilight of the heart,
A When its wild passion-waves are lulled to rest.
And the eye sees life's fairy scenes depart,
As fades the day-beam in the rosy west.
'Tis with a nameless feeling of regret
We gaze upon them as they melt away,
And fondly would we bid them linger yet,
But hope is round us with her angel lay,
Hailing afar some happier moonlight hour;
Dear are her whispers still, though lost their early
In youth the cheek was crimsoned with her glow,
Her smile was loveliest then ; her matin song
Was heaven's own music, and the note of wo
Was all unheard her sunny bowers among.
Life's little world of bliss was newly born;
We knew not, cared not, it was born to die.
Flushed with the cool breeze and the dews of morn,
With dancing heart we gazed on the pure sky,
And mocked the passing clouds that dimmed its
Like our own sorrows then-as fleeting and as few.
And manhood felt her sway too,-on the eye,
Half realized, her early dreams burst bright,
Her promised bower of happiness seemed nigh,
Its days of joy, its vigils of delight;
And though at times might lower the thunder
And the red lightning threaten, still the air
Was balmy with her breath, and her loved form,
The rainbow of the heart, was hovering there.
'Tis in life's noontide she is nearest seen,
Her wreath the summer flower, her robe of summer
But though less dazzling in her twilight dress,
There's more of heaven's pure beam about her
now ;
That angel smile of tranquil loveliness,
Which the heart worships, glowing on her brow;
That smile shall brighten the dim evening star
That points our destined tomb, nor e'er depart
Till the faint light is fled afar,"
And hushed the last deep beating of the heart;
The meteor-bearer of our parting breath,
A moon-beam in the midnight cloud of death.

I COOLED by degrees ;.and having no definite
object in view, wandered listlessly about from
place to place, ruminating on the unpleasant
occurrences of the morning, when; to my agree-
able surprise, I perceived the six Misses Simp-
kins ambling down the street in the direction in
T" 1 .... *-- .. .. _11 .. L -- -.. .1-.

strange!" thought I, and no less strange than
irritating and perplexing. Owing, perhaps, in
a great degree to not having mixed much with
the world, an almost morbid sensibility formed
a considerable item in my character, and a
feverish anxiety took possession of we to ac-
count for the sudden change. It was but yes-
terday that I was allowed to be a handsome,
intelligent, prepossessing young man, whose
conversation and company were courted by all;
and lo! to-day I was a scoundrel! "an outcast
from society !" and a being visibly contemned
and shunned by every person with whom I
came in contact yet I was conscious of no al-
teration in myself. I was still, as far as I knew,
as handsome, intelligent, and prepossessing as
ever; but it was evident that the citizens of
London had come to a very different conclusion.
The collective wisdom of Gottingen could not
have accounted for it, and I wandered about,
until the shades of evening began to fall, in a
state of hopeless bewilderment. I now found,
to add to my stock of comforts, that I had lost
my way. This, as a stranger, had frequently
happened to me before, and I had invariably
been courteously shown the right path; but this
unfortunate evening, in order to be in keeping,
I suppose with the unfortunate day, my inqui-
ries were disregarded, and I was laughed at, or
directed wrong, or told "to follow my nose."-
At length fatigued and wearied, I staggered into
the first reputable hotel that came in my way,
seated myself in a vacant box, rang for the
waiter, and ordered a pint of sherry.
Sherry /! said the man, with marked em-
phasis and a most incredulous stare.
Sherry," said I.
The waiter eyed me from top to toe.
I think you said sherry, sir !" said he.
"Sherry I said."
The waiter moved up to the top of the box,
and collected some silver spoons, which were
lying about; those he deposited in his pocket.
He then went his way, and returned with mo-
dicum of vallanous cape.
I will trouble you for the money," said he,
before setting it down.
I handed him a sovereign in payment. The
waiter looked harder than ever. He deliber-
ately chinked it three distinct times upon the
table, took down a pair of scales, weighed it be-
fore my face, and then, as it appeared to me,
reluctantly proceeded to count out the change
upon the table. Between each particular shil-
ling he stole a furtive glance toward me, and
when he had concluded, I heard him observe
to a sort of under-waiter on leaving the room,
" I say, Jem, keep an eye on that 'ere fellow."
Jem's office was not of long duration ; for after
tasting the delectable beverage set before me, I
arose and took my departure.
A bill of the play," cried a shrill voice in
my ear; "only a penny ; but you, sir," added
the boy as he surveyed me, "may have it for a
half-penny !"
I took the bill, and gave the boy what loose
copper I had in my pocket, upon which he
started, thanked me, and said, "I was very much
of a gem'man, though I did not look like one."
Thankful for even this equivocal compliment, I
made my way into the pit of Drury-lane thea-
tre, in order to lose for an hour or two my
own uncomfortable identity in the fictitious joy
and sorrows of others. It was rather crowded
when I entered, and I had some difficulty in
obtaining a seat; but I soon found myself at my
ease in regard to room. A large vacant space
was speedily formed around me, as if contami-
nation was in my very touch ; or, as if every
individual was afraid of being suspected of be-
ing in my company. This was singularly un-
pleasant; and, determined, if possible, to ascer-
tain the cause, I moved along the seat toward
my left-hand neighbour, a stout, old gentleman,
and commenced venturing a remark upon the
performances. But my left-hand neighbour,
stout old gentleman, moved still farther from
me with all possible expedition, transferred his
silk handkerchief from his coat into his hat, put
his watch into his waistcoat, buttoned up his
trouser's pocket next to me, clapped his hand
upon it, and exclaimed, "No you don't!" after
which he looked round, laughed knowingly,
and winked with one eye. Presently all the
people near him commenced buttoning up their
pockets, laughing, and winking with one eye.
I looked behind-every one was so employed.
I glanced one eye aside and then on the other
-it was all the same. I sought relief by look-
ing toward the stage, but every face before me
was turned from it. They were all looking at
me; and every individual man among them,
buttoned up his pockets, laughed, and winked
with one eve! This was not to be borne. The
perspiration started from my forehead. But
what could I do? I could neither resist nor
remonstrate; so I leaped up and made my way
toward the door. No sooner had Icommenced
my retrograde movement, than a simultaneous
tittering took place among the people who had
before winked and buttoned up their pockets;

and cries of Smoked !"-" Won't do !"-"Too
hot to hold him !" with similar equally myster-
ious ejaculations saluted my ears from all quar-
ters, as perplexed, irritated and disgusted, I for-
ced my way through the crowd.
I once more found myself in the open air,
and the night chill fell gratefully on my feverish
brow. "Why are these things?" thought I;
and as my indignation abated, the sickness of
heart and sense of forlornness, which in mo-
ments of misfortune falls upon the wandererin
a foreign land, came over me. Wearied in
mind and body, I proceeded to make the best of
my way toward my lodgings, determined to
forget in sleep the troubles and vexations of the
day, when in passing the end of a street the
cry of a young female struck upon my ear.-
This at once aroused me, and I hastened to the
spot, where I found a girl struggling with a
coxcomically-dressed fellow in a state of intox-
ication. I. of course, ordered him to desist; he
refused. A struggle ensued-a crowd assem-
bled, and just as I was on the point of overpow-
ering my antagonist, I was rudely seized by
the collar by two men, who said I must go be-
fore a magistrate for creating a disturbance. I
-A 4 -1 -__ ^_1 __1A 41, -6A *. :. L T -A_,

add, "a face'to correspond." But I had little
time for meditation or reflection, for I was im-
mediately dragged like a criminal through the
streets towardthe prison. I had always enter-
tained a high opinion of the jurisprudence of
England, and a feeling of admiration toward
her laws and institutions, which amounted al-
most to reverence; but surely, thought I, this is
not justice: and whatever physical obstacles,
might intervence, I felt there was no moral tie
to prevent me from breaking from the officers
the first opportunity. Accordingly, in turning
a corner, by a sudden jerk, I succeeded in free-
ing myself from their grasp-knocked down
the one who endeavoured to regain his hold-
and amid shuts of "stop thief!" the barking of
dogs, and shouts and cries of men, women, and
children, managed, after many a devious turn,
to elude pursuit and reach my lodgings.
Spent and breathless, I threw myself into a
chair. My landlady stood gazing upon me ap-
parently deprived of utterance by the excess of
her amazement. In order to appease the good
womains anxious curiosity, I collected my re-
maining faculties, and detailed to her, as briefly
as possible, the fatigues, insults, vexations, and
persecutions 1 had undergone in the course of
the ill-fated day, expecting, as a matter of course,
a large return of wonder and sorrowful sympa-
thy. To my utter astonishment, however, my
narrative appeared to create very little surprise;
but, gazing at me more intently than ever, my
landlady set down the candle, lifted up her
hands and exclaimed, Why la sir! what else
conid you except? You HAVE BEEN OUT ALL
Instantly, and for the first time that day, I
looked at the sleeves. It was even so. The
mystery was solved-the truth revealed. An
old black coat-old when I went on shipboard,
and which had been worn, torn, and soiled on
the passage, until it had sunk one hundred de-
grees below respectability-had been brought
on shore and laid in my bed-room by an over-
careful German servant. On this eventful
morning I had, somehow or other, found my
way into it; and, deeply immersed in the Kan-
tian system until a late hour, had, without far-
ther thought, started up and proceeded to pay
my visits with this piece of sin and degradation
on my back! It was plain now why I was a
scoundrel, a vagabond, and a suspected pick-
pocket. I said not a word, but wishing my
landlady a good-night, went to bed and slept.
When I awoke the next morning there hung
the coat! My determination on the preceding
evening had been to have it destroyed-burnt-
rent into fragments and scattered to the winds
of heaven! but
A sadder and a wiser man
I rose the morrow morn."
Welcome, old friend !" said I, as I took it
up; I have seen deeper into the heart of things
-I have learned more of the mysteries of civili-
zation and of men and men's ways by wearing
thee one day, than years of superfine cloth and
silken prosperity might have taught me." I
spread it out on the table. It appeared a mere
old coat no longer. It became a map of moral
geography in my eyes, whereon were laid down
all the sins and vices of society. What a want
of principle the two holes in the elbows denoted!
What atrocities lurked in the rent in the skirts!
and what manifold shames and infamies lay
clustered upon the worn-out collar. Then the
utter lack of Refinement and intelligence evinced
by the bare seams of the back! while the smaller
spots and bald places, scattered plentifully over
the surface, admirably typified the minor faults
and follies of humanity. But yesterday, it was
in my eyes a piece of old, useless cloth; to-day
it seemed to me of greater potency than Pros-
pero's wand, and endowed with more miracu-
lous powers of transformation. Hang this coat,
thought I, upon the back of Talent, and Talent
forthwith degenerates to Mediocrity; transfer it
to Mediocrity, and Mediocrity immediately
sinks to something below contempt. Clothe
Humour in it, and Humour becomes coarse-
ness: put it on Wit, and Wit is Wit no longer,
but straightway takes the names of forwardness,
insolence and impertinence. How would a
delicate flight of fancy now be neutralized by
that threadbare cuff; and what a world of play-
ful satire would the uncovered edges of these
two uncovered buttons annihilate! How point-
less (continued I, pursuing my vein of specu-
lation) would fall jests from the unfortunate
proprietor of this, which proceeding from the
wearer of one of its unimpeachable brethren
would "set the table in a roar," and shake the
sides of respectful and admiring listeners with
inextinguishable laughter. Let even Genius
himself throw off his mantle, and cover himself
with this, and his most ethereal flights would
straightway be considered but as the ravings
of insanity, and his most profound thoughts but
as the mysticisms of dulness. Or, if it were
possible, let Shakespeare be forgotten, and send
Genius in this garment, with Hamlet in his
pocket to the manager, and oh the exquisite

criticism he would have to endure! the un-
checked rudeness-the mock civility--the pal-
try condescensions he would have to bear !-
How would such a coat obscure the divinity of
the thoughts and brighten the improbabilities
of the plot; and how would the insolent laugh,
the small witticism, and superficial sneer circu-
late round the green-room Why even the
sodden-headed supernumeraries would feel pri-
vileged to twit Genius in such a vestment; and
back he would come, unrecompensed, with
Hamlet in his pocket, to bear, as he best might,
"The oppressor's wrong, the proud man's contu-
The insolence of office, and the spurns
Which patient merit from the unworthy takes."
"There is more in this than natural," said I,
" if Philosophy could find it out;" and grateful
as I felt for the lesson I had received, never did
I go forth again, during my residence in Lon-
don, without instinctively glancing at the con-
dition of the habiliments in which I had bestow-
ed myself; being well assured, by experience,
that the man is little-the coat is much.
I spent two years in travelling in England
and on the continent, but amid all the varied
nnIIQ lit nnn th 4 i. a t nr itin 4'nt n tn flv nf n vnTnt-n

as ever. I married, with as little delay as pos-
sible, Amelia Spigelberg-did not sit up in bed
to read Kant, and the wedding night, therefore.
contrary to my uncle's prediction, passed off
without any extraordinary incident.
Since that time, I have also advanced consid-
erably in my relative estimation by abandoning,
in a great measure, the Kantian, and adopting
the COATIAN system of philosophy, which the
good man is pleased to say has some sense in it;
and, though my dislike to the counting-house
still continues, yet have I not been idle. Dur-
ing the four years I have been married, I have
become an author in a double sense, having
finished three children and five volumes of my
great work on the Coatian System," which,
when complete, will I trust, exemplify in all its
various, complex, and mysterious bearings-
moral, physical, and intellectual-THE EX-

He seems to have been born with a quick
good sense, an affectionate heart, and a high
spirit; he was susceptible of the enthusiasm
either of the tender or of the proud feelings; he
was easily melted or inflamed; to say that he
was fearless seems ridiculously unnecessary;
he was not merely averse to falsehood or arti-
fice, but he was in the highest degree simple
and frank. These qualities of his heart are not
mentioned for the idle purpose of panegyric;
however singular it may sound, I will venture
to affirm that they formed no small part of the
genius of Nelson ; they secured attachment and
confidence, and they revealed to him the feel-
ings of other men-that great secret in the art
of command, which reason alone can never dis-
close. His understanding was concentrated
on his profession ; and as danger must always
excite where it does not disturb, it acted on his
mind in the moment of action, with the highest
stimulant power, and roused his genius to ex-
ertions greater than the languor of tranquility
could have produced. Still Wildham certainly,
and perhaps Fox, met Captain Nelson at Hol-
kam, without suspecting that he was more than
a lively and gallant officer.
Why is it not possible to wipe out from his-
tory the scenes in the Bay of Naples? I read
over the passage which respects them three or
four times, in hopes of discovering a vindication;
but, alas! it is impossible. It might be thought
affectation, but it is true, that I have read them
with no small pain. The breach of faith to the
garrisons of the two castles is certain and too
atrocious. The execution of Carraccioli is an
act which I forbear to characterise. The wri-
ters admit, that at this execution was present
that ferocious woman who lowered the illustri-
ous name of an English matron to the level of
a Parisian fish-woman; and who made our
chosen hero an instrument in deeds of cruelty
and dishonor. The contrast between these
horrible executions and the proflgiate, splendor
by Sir T. 1rw srldges letters, reminds the
reader of that union of effeminacy and barbarity
which marked the worst of the Roman Empe-
rors. From this moment the charm of the
kind and honest Horatio Nelson is gone. His
correspondence with his poor wife becomes
cold and rare. She, the companion of his pov-
erty and obscurity, entirely loses him, at the
moment when he became the most celebrated
man in Europe. His excellent father, notwith-
standing the virtues and the glory of his son,
seems nobly to have joined his injured wife.-
What excites the most bitter regret is, that. he
who was seduced into barbarity, and public as
well as private perfidy, had a soul full of honor
and humanity; that he was the same who never
punished a seaman, and whose nerves were
convulsed at seeing him punished ; that he was
the very same whom the sailors called "Nel,
bold as a lion, and mild as a lamb."

HUGH MERCER, a Brigadier General, in the
American Revolutionary Army, was a native of
Scotland. He was liberally educated, studied
medicine, and acted as a surgeon's assistant in
the memorable battle of Culloden. He emigra-
ted from Scotland, not long after, to Pennsylva-
nia, and removed thence to Fredericksburg, in
Virginia, where he settled and married.
He was engaged, with Washington, in the
Indian wars of 1755, &c.; and his children are
in possession of a medal, which was presented
to him by the Corporation of the city of Phila-
delphia, for his good conduct as captain of a
company in the expedition against an Indian

settlement, (Kittanning) conducted by Colonel
Armstrong, in September, 1756.
In one of the engagements with the Indians,
Gen. Mercer was wounded in the right wrist;
and having separated from his party, he found
that there was danger of his being surrounded
by hostile savages, whose war-whoop and yell
indicated their near approach. Becoming faint
from loss of blood, he took refuge in the hollow
trunk of a large tree. The Indians came to
the spot where he was concealed, seated them-
selves about for rest, and then disappeared.-
Mercer left his hiding place and pursued his
course through a trackless wild of about one
hundred miles, until he reached Fort Cumber-
land. On his lonely route he subsisted on the
body of a rattlesnake,* which he met and kil-
When the war broke out between the Colon-
ies and the mother country, he immediately
joined the American standard, relinquishing a
very extensive :medical practice. As a practi-
tioner of medicine, he was eminently skilful,
and his services were often in request in differ-
ent parts of the country, distant from the town
of his residence. Under Washington, whose
favor and confidence he enjoyed beyond most
-if hi hrnhr'iio tfflore he sonn reached the rank

Army, after exerting the utmost valor and ac-
tivity, had his horse shot under him, and, being
thus dismounted, he was surrounded by some
British soldiers, with whom, when they refused
him quarter, he fought desperately with his
drawn sword, until he was completely overpow-
ered. They stabbed him with their bayonets
in seven different parts of his body, inflicted
several blows on his head, with the butt ends of
their muskets, and left him for dead on the
field of battle. He died in nine days after, in
the arms of Major George Lewis, of the army,
the nephew of Gen. Washington, whom the un-
cle commissioned to watch over his expiring
friend. The mangled corpse was" removed
from Princeton, under a military escort, to Phil-
adelphia, and exposed a day in the Coffee
House,* with the design of exciting the indigna-
tion of the army and people. It was then
followed to the grave, in Christ Church yard,
by at least 30,000 sympathizing mourners, and
interred with great solemnity, and all the hon-
ors of war."t
Gen. Mercer, though a lion in battle, was un-
commonly placid and gentle, and almost diffi-
dent in private life. He had a fine constitution
-was always cheerful-and was beloved and
admired as an accomplished, polished and be-
nevolent gentleman. With a liberal education
and fine talents, added to those qualifications, hel
was truly the delight of society."
Some interesting anecdotes are related of
him, in the third chapter, first volume of Gen.
Wilkinson's Memoirs. That writer observes-
"In Gen. Mercer we lost, at Princeton, a chief,
who for education, talents, disposition, integri-
ty and patriotism, was second to no man but the
Commander in Chief, and was qualified to fill
the highest trusts of the country." Gen. Mer-
cer was about fifty-six years of age when he
sealed with his blood, his devotion to the cause
of his adopted country.
He was attended by the worthy and patriotic
Dr. Benjamin Rush, then with the army. He
complained much of his head, and said to his
surgeon, "that there was the principal dan-
ger;" and Dr. Rush always, after the Revolu-
tion, when detailing his attendance on this dis.
tinguished martyr, in his bland and interesting
manner, would state that there was no doubt
but that his death was produced more immedi-
ately by the blows on the head, than by the
oayonet wounds, although several of those were
attended with danger.
Gen. Mercer, before he joined the northern
army early in the year 1776, was zealously en-
gaged in Virginia, in organizing military forces,
and was in the command of continental and
state troops, which had been ordered to rendez-
vous in the city of Williamsburg, which, at that
period, was the seat of the Colonial Government.
Some of its old and most respected citizens, who
have passed off this stage of life but a very few
years, were wont to relate an anecdote of him,
which was strikingly characteristic of his pres-
ence of mind, self-possession, promptitude, and
superior qualifications as an accomplished and
gallant officer, which his glorious death after-
wards so fully established, and which has given
to his name and memory a fame which will be
immortal. -
Among the troops which arrived at Wifliams-
burg was a company of Riflemen, from beyond
the mountains, commanded by a Capt. Gibson;
they were so rough and untutored and demi-
savage, and so :restless and violent under any
thing like order and discipline, that, in contra-
distinction, they were called Gibson's lambs."-
They had not been long in camp before a re-
bellion and mutiny broke out among them,
which produced a serious alarm and excitement
among the inhabitants of that refined and pol-
ished city. This band of soldiery were like so
many bears and wolves let loose from the
mountains; and they threatened to shoot down
any officer who should attempt to exercise any
authority over them. An officer was despatch-
ed to Gen. Mercer's quarters, (then Colonel
Mercer) to inform him of the condition of the
camp. He told the officer to report, that he
should attend to this matter in person. He im-
mediately girded on his sword and repaired to
the barracks of this mutinous band, whilst there
was much uneasiness in the city for his safety.
lIe ordered a general parade of the troops, and
Gibson's Company to be drawn up as offenders
and violators of the discipline of the army, and
to be disarmed in his presence. He had the
ringleaders placed under a strong guard; in
presence of the whole, addressed them in elo-
quent and feeling terms upon the great cause in
which they had engaged-pointed out to them
their duties as citizen soldiers, and the certain-
ty of death, if they continued to disobey their
officers, and remained in that mutinous spirit
so disgraceful to them, and hazardous to the
sacred interests they had marched to defend.
It has been often related, that such was his
dignity, with so much firmness and determina-
tion manifested by his course and well timed

address, on this trying occasion, with such a
blending too of kindness and benevolence in his
manner, that this dangerous body of men be-
came softened in their disposition and charac-
ter, and were "lambs" indeed. Those placed
under guard were shortly released, and the
whole company were ever after as exemplary
in their deportment and duties, as any troops
in the service.
Gen. Lafayette, when he was the Guest of
the Nation, a few years ago, paid to the memo-
ry of Gen. Mercer as chaste and beautifully
striking a compliment as can well be imagined.
When in a large company, on a particular oc-
casion, and the conversation turning on prom-
inent men of the American Revolution, one of
the company observed to him, that he (Gen.
Lafayette) was of course acquainted with Gen.
Mercer," not recollecting, at the moment, that
La Favette did not arrive in the United States
until after the battle of Princeton. "1Oh no,"
said the general, "you know that Mercer fell in
January, 1777, and I reached the United States
in the spring following ; but on my arrival, 1
jound the army and whole country sojull of'his
name, that an impression has always been left
upon my mind since, that I was personally ac-
quainted with him."

under his death-wounds. They have been vis-
ited by numbers, and in their details of his sit-
uation, they have stated that he was greatly pa-
tient, and enquired anxiously for a blister plas-
ter for his neck and head, but there was none
to be had-the medical stores of the army be-
ing then very incomplete.
The maiden name of these sisters of patriotic
kindness and benevolence, at that period which
tried mens' souls," is Clarke ; they should be
known to the nation, and as thus connected
with one of the most brilliant and important
victories of the War of Independence. May
peace and happiness ever attend them.
In the historical paintings of the battle of
Princeton, by Peale and Trumbull, Gen. Mer-
cer is a prominent and conspicuous figure.-
That by Peale, hangs in the Chapel of the Col-
lege, at Princeton; that by Col. Trumbull, of
the Revolutionary Army, is in his exhibition
room, in the city of New York. Both those
highly respectable and eminent artists have had
opportunities of tracing with their pencils the
family likeness. That of Gen. Mercer, is
thought to be very well preserved in the paint-
ings referred to. His portrait was never ta-
Congress* resolved, April 8th, 1777, that a
monument should be erected to the memory of
Gen. Mercer, at Fredericksburg, Va. Embalm-
ed as that memory is, in the veneration and af-
fection of the whole American people, a plain
marble slab, with a short and simple inscrip-
tion, placed over the grave fifteen years ago, by
his youngest son, points to the passing strang-
er the spot where the remains of one of the
most heroic and illustrious defenders of the lib-
erties of these United States, are entombed.

t The same resolution of Congress directed a
monument to the memory of Gen. Warren, Gen.
Washington, in an official letter to Congress, dated
April 10th 1777, thus writes-" The honors Con-
gress have decreed to the memory of Generals War-
ren and Mercer, afford me the highest pleasure;
their character and merit had a jusi claim to every
mark of respect; and I heartily wish that every
officer of the United States, emulating their virtues,
may, by their actions, secure to themselves the
same right to the grateful tributes of their coun-

It is difficult to stand at the conflux of two
years without a glance backward. The month
is named from this common feeling. The two-
faced Janus looked before and behind,.and in
indulging the genius temporis, we hope the fit-
ness of our design will be an offset to its prosi-
It is an old Dutch custom, which probably
sprang from the same natural retrospection, to
call and exchange good wishes on the first day
in the year, not only with present friends: but
those between whom and the visitor there had
been any coldness or misunderstanding. It is
a custom worthy the age of Saturn. He who
can sit down by his fire on the last night of the
ear, and look back as he must on the track of
is personal feelings, and remember the offence
he has given aVd taken-both, perhaps, unfor-
given-and not wish in his calm blood and ebb-
ing resentment, that his enemy were there to
sit down with him and exchange pleasant re-
,grets, and renew the old and familiar inter-
course, must step on the threshold of the new
year with little hope and less prospect of com-
ing happiness. And it is not the express differ-
ences we have had with our friends and neigh-
bours-not the most aggravated provocations,
which come up the thickest and are the most
difficult to forgive. It is the cold look, the in-
attentive courtesy, the forgotten respect, the
slighted opportunity of kindness, the doubtful
and unresentable injury-the thousand touches
which our pride and self-interest get in the un-
avoidable hurry and press of the thronging
world. These fester when a deep wound heals.
It is not less a magnanimous duty, still, to array
them all at the year's close and calmly dismiss
them. And it is no less a pleasure than the
forgiving a great wrong-for they cumber sad-
ly the timid feet of Content, and starting up
namelessly in the heart at the call of its perpet-
ual associations, trouble its peace continually.
Why should not the affections be reckoned with
like duties? Why should they not waste and
become disordered, like them, if not watchfully
overlooked ? Once a year, at least, we should
inquire whom and how much we love and hate,
and whether these more responsible treasures
than gold and silver, are fitly lavished or with-
held. The dutiful affections, most of all, need
careful vigilance. They are deeply-rooted, and
we feel secure of them, for they were planted
by nature. But in the busy forgetfulness of
care or pleasure, they are often suffered to be
overgrown and slighted. An assiduous natural

affection is as rare as a perfect chrysolite. And
it is as precious-for what on earth sinks so
deeply into the heart, as the ready, delicate an-
ticipating love of a son or a brother. It would
be a well spent hour between two years that
should be devoted to dispassionate reckoning
with the daily and familiar feelings. The pas-
sions will take care of their own, for, though
called generous and warm, they exact too nice
return not to enlist the most wakeful selfishness
in their., service. But of these silent working
and accustomed ministers to our love within us,
we are often far too secure. They and all our
preferences and aversions should be jealously
kept upright and free from unworthy mixture,
and if there is a time of all others fittest for the
recurrence of such vigilance,'it is this.
The custom of presenting gifts at this season
springs from the same natural feeling. There
is a warmth of heart belonging to the season
itself which is universal, and this ,is one of its
promptings. How could the year be better be-
gun than by adding a new link to friendship.-
To children particularly the new-year's holiday
are sources of the most benevolent and genial
feelings. Nothing is so cheaply bought as the
love of a child, and few things are so delight-
All. An a */~.-I-/n-li.- vrt y*1Pnznt?t u' nrpqn t -


MONDAY, Jan. 11, 1836.
Mr. Buchanan presented the memorial of the
Society of Friends, at their quarterly meeting
in Philadelphia, praying for the abolition of sla-
very and the slave trade in the District of Co-
lumbia. There was a little debate on this sub-
ject, in which Mr. Buchanan, Mr. Webster, Mr.
King of Alabama, Mr. White, and Mr. Clay,
said a few words. The two last gentlemen on-
ly expressed their hopes that the subject would
not be allowed to withdraw the attention of the
Senate from all other business. The subject
was finally postponed until to-morrow.
There was a little discussion on a memorial
presented by Mr. Black concerning frauds prac-
tise by speculators in the Choctaw Lands, which
led to a brief discussion, from whien it appe ars
that white people will take up lands in the
names of Indians, (each Indian being allowed a
portion of land for his own residence,) to an
immense extent. The subject was referred to
the committee on private land claims.
Mr. White reported, from the committee on
finance, the bill from the House making appro-
priations for the supp-ression of hostilities with
the Seminole Indians, with an amendment ex-
tending the appropriation to $120,000. The
bill was ordered to be engrossed for the third
Mr. Clay offered the following resolution,
which comes up to-morrow for consideration.
Resolved, That the President be requested to
communicate to the Senate (if it be not, in his
opinion, incompatible with the public interest,)
whether, since the adjournment of the last
Congress, any overture, formal or informal, of-
ficial or unofficial, has been made by thle French
Government to the Executive of the United
States to accommodate the difficulties between
the two governments respecting the execution
of the Convention of the 4th day of July, 1831,
and particularly whether a despatch from the
Due de Broglie, the French Minister of Foreign
Affairs, to the French Charge de Affaires at
Washington, was received, and a copy of it for-
warded by him to the Secretary of State for the
purpose of indicating a mode by which their
difficulties might be reconciled.
Resolved, also, under the restriction above
mentioned, in the event of any such overture
having been made, that the President be reques-
ted to inform the Senate what answer was giv-
en to it; and if a copy of any such despatch was
received, that he be requested to communicate
a copy of it to the Senate.
Mr. Webster laid on the table some resolu-
tions on the subject of the appropriations of the
surplus revenue, and calling for estimates as to
the amount which would be necessary for for-
tifying the Lakes and maritime and gulf fron-
tier, for the construction, of adequate armories.
the supply of ordinance, and to place the naval
defence on a proper footing.
Mr. Calhoun's bill to repeal the two first sec-
tions of the act to limit the term of office of
certain offices therein mentioned, was ordered
to a third reading, yeas 24, nays 18.
Mr. Webster's resolution concerning the De-
posite Banks was laid on the table for the pres-
ent, Mr. Southard expressing a desire to make
an amendment.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 13, 1836.
A most interesting debate took place yester-
day on Mr. Benton's resolutions for the appro-
priation of the whole surplus revenue to fortifi-
cations and increasing the naval and military
forces of the country. He commenced with a
real war speech, declaring at the same time, that
he had no expectations that the two countries,
France and America, would come into hostile
collision, the latter part of his speech complete-
ly contradicting and upsetting all he said before.
He commenced by reading a part of a speech
of a member of the Chamber of Deputies re-
flecting on the United States, and taunting us
on the subject of the five millions, and threat-
ening us with the "long sword" of France.-
His object evidently was to make a war speech
that might go forth to the country, and get a
spirit that might be stimulated into wishing a
war with France. He attacked the Senate for
the failure of the Appropriation Bill for fortifi-
cations, of the last year.
Mr. Webster rose and stated, that at some
future time, after the Senate shall meet once
more in session on executive business, he would
then have the materials with which he would
show that the Senate had acted with perfect
propriety in the matter referred to.
Mr. Leigh then went into detail of the whole
circumstances connected with the Fortification
Bill, and showed, in the most conclusive man-
ner, that the failure of that bill was owing to
the other House. He also showed that the
Senate had increased many of the appropria
tions made in the bill from the House; that they
had diminished none of them; and that they

had made appropriations for new subjects of
He also corrected a gross mis-statement, to
use the mildest expression possible, in relation
to a misrepresentation of the Senator from
Missouri, relative to the "rejection" of a certain
report of the committee for Military Affairs.-
He showed, by the Journal of the Senate, that
no rejection had taken place. Mr. Benton ac-
tually looked ashamed at being detected in so
gross a mis-statement; a thing we scarcely ex-
pected to see.
Mr. Preston rose, and in his usual felicitous
manner, exposed the absurdity of the course
adopted by the Senator from Missouri. He
showed the anomalous nature of the resolutions,
first appropriating the whole of the surplus
revenue to the objects mentioned in the resolu-
tion, and then calling on the President for in-
formation and estimated, as to how much it
would take.
Mr. Benton in the course of his remarks laid
great stress on the fact that a large French fleet
had been sent to the West Indies; and strongly
intimated that they had been sent there to over-
awe the votes of Congress.
Mr. Preston commenced most beautifully and
forcibly on this. If there was, he said, any
thing of a hostile nature to be apprehended
from this fleet, why, says he, are we to get the
knowledge of it through this indirect channel ?
Where is the Executive? Why has he neg-
lected his duty so far as to keep us in ignorance
of this important information, if there be any
foundation for it ? He has promised to make
a communication when Mr. Barton should ar
rive If then, said he, there be any cause to
apprehend danger from this fleet, it is his duty

Mr. J. Q. Adams stated that the articles pub-
lished in the newspapers concerning certain
acts of aggression against the United States by
the Government of Mexico, as to which he had
made some inquiries on Thursday last, had pro-
ved, upon investigation, to be without founda-
tion in fact. He adverted to the reported pro-
test of the Mexican Government against the
interference of the citizens of the United States
in the Texian revolt; and also the reported
hanging of some American citizens, taken pris-
oners in Texas, as matters upon which infor-
mation ought to be obtained, and he had no
doubt that, at a proper time, facts would be fur-
Mr. Cambreleng gave notice that he was in-
structed by the committee on ways and means
to call up the Army and Navy bills to morrow
at one o'clock, and that he should call up the
bill for the relief of the sufferers by the fire in
the city of New York this day, after the pres-
entation of the petitions.
I The House proceeded to consider the motion
of Mr. Hannegan, made on a former day, to re-
ject the memorial of the Senate and House of
Representatives of the State of Michigan in re-
lation to the disputed boundary.
Mr. Thompson, of Ohio, asked the mover to
withdraw the motion, as the petition was harm-
less and ought to be received in courtesy to the
petitioners, whether their claims weie admit-
ted or not.
Mr. .tannegan refused to withdraw the mo-
tion, and spoke at length in its support. He ar-
gued that the reception of the petition would
be considered as a virtual acknowledgement of
the claims of the petitioners. It would recog-
nize Michigan as a State, and give an implied
assent to her boundaries assumed by her.
After a long debate, in which Messrs. Beards-
ley, Halsey, Storer, Lane: Bond, Davis, Spang-
ler and Pickney took part,
Mr. Thomas moved the previous question,
which was accorded by the House.
The main question being then put on the mo-
tion to reject the memorial, it was determined
in the negative, Yeas 63, Nays 157.
Mr. Lane moved to refer the memorial to the
committee on the judiciary, and be considered
as the memorial of the people of Michigan.
Mr. Hannegan moved to amend the amend-
ment, stating the House regarded the memori-
al as the voluntary act of individuals, who,
without authority, had assumed a corporate ca-
pacity and name.

Pennsylvania Legislature.

31onday, Jan. 4.
Mr. STEVENS' resolntioni nstructing our mem-
bers in Congress to vote for an appropriation to
remove obstructions in the Ohio river between
Pittsburg and Louisville, came up for final pas-
sage. Mr. Stevens called the yeas and nays.
Mr. BIDLACK stated, that he should vote a-
gainst the resolutions, but wished it to be ex-
pressly understood that he did it from no un-
friendly feelings against the improvement em-
braced by the resolution, but because he was
opposed to the method taken to effect such im-
provernents. He considered they involved a
great constitutional question, and that this
House ought not to interfere uncalled for with
it. But he would not wish, as he knew he
could not, influence the vote of any member on
the question, and would confine himself to a
simple expression of his views.
Mr. STEVENS was always happy to afford
gentlemen an opportunity to record their votes
on questions of importance, as. it enabled thoir
constituents to pass in judgment upon their
wisdom, consistency, as well as.devotion to the
interests of the state. Hie particularly wished
the people, s well as their representatives, to
pass upon this qnestibn, as it was of high char-
acter and of great importance to the interest of
this state, and the improvements thereof. To
perceive this required but a moment's reflection.
The magnificent improvements of the state,
magnificent and extensive in despite of the ex-
travagance which ruled at their formation, could
be but partially enjoyed without a free comuni-
cation down the great rivers of tne west, the ter-
minations of these improvements. If we ne-
glected keeping this channel open, some more
favored place below our great western city,
would start up to enjoy advantages gained by
our negligence and folly ;and that too, when
there was not a place perhaps in the whole
world, where so much industry, so much en-
terprise, and so little vice prevailed as in the
city of Pittsburg.
To guard against this, and to benefit a city
which should be the pride of the state, as
well as the whole commonwealth, he had of-
fered these resolutions. Already, this west-

ern city was connected with onr eastern me-
tropolis, but to enjoy the full benefits of this
communication, the navigation of the Ohio
should be uninterrupted.
He regarded with tenderness constitutional
scruples, when they existed, as they no doubt
did, iu the breast of the gentlemen of Luzerne
(Mr. Bidlack.) but he could not but remember,
that it was a short time since when no man in
Pennsylvania had such scruples; that they were
unknown from the highest to the lowest, but
"A change has come o'er the spirit of their
a change, which no one could account for, but
because a certain great constitutional expoun-
der, in the keenness of a vision, sharpened by
the honor conferred by an institution of learn-
ing, had declared that all such appropriations
were unconstitutional when intended for any
place above a port of entry! He knew of no
sullh ehonlnr. as tho:eo who bolongrod to that
school of party, so apt at discovering, no doubt
from the emanations from that GREAT LIGHT,
distinctions, which before had never been
dreamed of, by even the IHamiltons or Mar-
shalIs of the country. But. if it would be any
satisfaction, or remove any gentleman's consci-
entious scruples, he would inform them that
Pittsburg was a port of entry, and therefore
came within the distinctions of the learned Doc-
tor Jackson. Besides all this, the Treasury of
the country is full to overflowing, and he knew
of nothing more dangerous and corrupting.
than a full treasury, in the hands of a party, de-
termined to use it to preserve their corrupting
power. The party he referred to, was built up
on patronage alone, and their whole system and
principle, appeared to be, to devise means of
---;f T-1 i*- A --- C..* 1-4r- '

man, Brooke, Bullock, Burson, Carson, Clarke, have not the power; but from a doubt, a wa-
Comly, Conrad, Cowan, Cox, Davies, Dewart, vering, a timid disposition to incur the respon-
Douglass, Emmert, Ewing, Ferguson, Frew, sibility.
Gamble, Garretson, Gebhart, Gilbert, Graham, This hesitating course might have been well
Hall, Hasson, Hershe, Hubbell, Hudson, Hus- pursued, when the question was first presented,
tou (Fayette,) Hutchison (Ches.) Jones, Karns, giving to the committee the power to send for
Kauffman, Kirk, Krause (Dauphin,) Krumb- persons and papers. But after having invested
haar, M'Carty, M'Clelland, M'Clure, M'Connell, them with authority, and their having exercis-
M'Donald, M'Sherry, Mathers, Mayer, Meuden- ed it, how can the House of Representatives,
hall, Metzgar, Montelius, Myer, Neal, Nesbit, recede from their position, by relieving them
Norton. Oliver, Parker, Patterson, Reed, Rie- from punishment, who have treated our com-
gel, Schall, Sheetz, G. W. Smith, T. S. Smith, mittee aud the House with contempt, when by
Spackman, Stevens, Stinson, Stoehr, Stout, doing so, we throw contempt upon the com-
Taylor, Thompson, Wagner, Walker (Alleg) mittee and write ourselves down as
Watson, Watts, Work, Wyant, Middleswarth, I am, sir, for promptly, decidedly and effec-
Speaker.-75. tually sustaining our committee.
NAYS-Messrs. Bidlack, Curran, Derr, Hill, Mr. FREW said, as one of the committee from
Ilottenstein, Huston (North'ton,) Jackson, which the resolution now under consideration
Stouffer, Taggart and Ulrich.-10. had emanated, he had been inclined by a sense
INVESTIGATION OF MASONRY. of decorum to leave its discussion to others.-
Tuesday, Jan. 12. It appeared, however, there was not a very gen-
Mr. STEVENS from the committee to investi- eral disposition to discuss, while all who have
gate treemasonry and other secret societies, expressed their sentiments, seemed to agree
made the following report: that the subject was a highly important one.-
That subpmnas were duly served on George While he agreed with his friend from Philadel-
Wolf, John Neilson, Charles Shaler and others, phia (Mr. Reed,) that the subject of the resolu-
to appear before the conmm ittee on Monday the tion claimed the serious and deliberate consid-
11th inst. eration of the House, he could not agree to the
That several of said citizens neglected to an- proposition to postpone it, for however impor-
pear; and that George Wolf and John Neilson tant the question involved in it, this House had
sent letters to the committee denying the au- on a prior occasion taken a position which left
thority of the House to compel their attendance but one course in relation to the present resolu-
before the committee, and refusing to attend, tion, which it could pursue with dignity and
The committee therefore recommend to the consistency. In answer to the petition of a
House the passage of the following resolution. large number of the citizens of this common-
Resolved, That attachments be issued to wealth, this House have appointed a committee
compel the attendance of George Wolf, John to investigate the evils of Freemasonry, and
Neilson, and other delinquent witnesses, before vested that committee with power to send for
the committee. persons and papers." That committee, it was
Note.-The letters referred to, were here- well known, had proceeded to the execution of
with transmitted to the House. the duty entrusted to it, and had made some
Mr. SPACKMAN moved that the subject be progress. Circumstances, however, had arisen,
postponed for the present. presenting an obstruction to further progress
Mr. STEVENS thought the subject should be without the intervention of this House, by
immediately acted upon. The committee was means declaratory of the powers of the conm-
to sit again this afternoon, and it might be-that mittee, or assumptive in its original capacity,
others now in attendance, would be induced to of the exercise of the required power. The
follow the example of the late Governor, ifit committee have reported to the House that
should pass without the immediate action of their citations, in "some instances, have been
the house. answered by a refusal to appear; and not only
Mr. SPACKMAN said, the subject though post- so, but their right to compel appearance and to
poned for the present could be taken up at any 'nterogate on the subject of masonry, express-
time, he had himself no doubt of the power of ly denied. In one instance. the right of this
the House to act in their premises, yet, there [louse itself, to compel appearance, is express
were some of the members who had doubts, ly denied. What then is the position in which
and he wished as much unanimity as possible this House is placed by the state of things ex-
upon the question. He only thought the House plained by the report of the committee, and the
should not be precipitant, should act with care, letters which have been read ? And what is the
while it acted with energy. proper action to be taken on the question now
Mr. REED did not doubt the power of the presented ?
House, himself, to act in the manner proposed ; If we decide against the resolution, we there-
but he thought it too summary. p by declare in effect, that the resolution previ-
Mr. ST'EVEN said if they were any doubts in ously passed, vesting in the committee power
the minds of any members of the power of the to send for persons and papers, was an illegal
House to act as proposed, there might be some or unconstitutional act, in which this House
reason for delay, but when there was no doubts, transcended the range of its legitimate powers.
as .admitted by the gentlemen themselves, he Have we gained any new lights on thissubject.
would ask why they would seem to doubt.-- Sir, to warrant the revocation of a previously
The subject demanded prompt action, declared opinion-declared by implication-as
The service of the subpoenas on the witnes- to the powers of this House in such a case? I
ses had been duly proved, and was so officially view this resolution, Mr. Speaker, as presenting
reported by the committee. This then was no a question, involving the dignity of this House,
cause for delay, and involving a question of the adequacy of the
It had been said also, that these proceedings powers of the government, a part of which we
were different from those taken two years ago. compose, to accomplish the object of its insti-
The case too was different. Then the witness tuition .
appeared before the committee, and then refu- The Speaker here reminded Mr. Frew that
sed to testify on a certain point when he had the hour appointed for going into the election
taken the oath to tell the whole truth. In this of State Treasurer was arrived, when the furth-
case the witnesses absolutely refused to appear er discussion of the question was postponed. It
before the committee, and deny as a reason, the will come up again to-morrow.
power of this House, as well as of the commit- WEDNESDAY, Jan. 13, 1836.
tee, to compel them. He considered it the most Mr. STEVENS moved that the House imme-
high handed contempt, as well as insult to the diatelv proceed to the consideration of the res-
IIouse, that le had evcr known or heard of.- solution uttered yesterday, by the Committee ap-
The like in a Conrt of Justice he had never pointed to investigate Freemasonry-to issue
known. If, sir, said he, such a contempt, from attachments for certain witnesses,,which was
such a source, is not noticed in a proper spirit agreed to, and the resolution was again read.
by this House, and properly and promptly pun- Mr. M'CLURE took the floor. He was in fa-
ished, instead of dutiful citizens, obedicit to the vor of supporting the dignity of the House and
laws, we shall, in a short time, have rebellion the Legislature, but at the same time wish-
and anarchy. A contempt committed by men ed to pay proper respects to the rights of the
who are ignorant of the laws, was trifling with people.
this in the danger of the example, for this comes Hie considered the course proposed by the
from men who now, and knowing, should set resolution, as an endeavor to establish an In-
the first example of obedience, quisition to pry into the private affairs of indi-
Mr. REED again spoke in favor of the post- viduals, and disconnected in any way with the
ponement. Hlie was not entirely satisfied of the welfare of the country. Hlie thought the House
regularity of the proceedings, but when he was, had already gone far enough with the subject,
he would be in favor of preserving the dignity and that it ought now to be dropped.
of thie House, whether it fall upon the high or IHe considered, that the House had no right
the low. to appoint a committee with the object and
Mr. WATTs remarked that, as the Represen- power of this committee, and that the House
tatives of the Freemen of this Commonwealth, should not sanction this extravagant proceed-
we ought to be 'no respecters of persons,' we ings. It was right to say at once to the corn-
are bound to regard with equal favor the natu- mittee, "you have gone far enough, and may
ral and constitutional rights of every citizen, now stop and drop the subject."
whether he be clothed in the garb of the most Some members appear to think, that it is not
humble of our fellow men, or proud of his au- enough that certain gentlemen are politically
thority, gifted with intelligence, and rolling in prostrated, but that it is also important to heap
wealth, he presumes to question the authority contempt upon-them-that it is not enough that

of the People. they have been legislated out of office, but they
Our fellow citizens have spoken in a language must also be legislated out of character. Such
not to be misunderstood or disregarded, of a an object he hoped could not be carried into ef-
political or moral evil of iucalculable magni- feet, and that the resolution would not pass.
tude, that creeps unseen into our Legislative Mr. FREW said, that the course proposed by
Halls, tampers with Jurors and Judges, profanes the gentleman from Cumberland, and other
the sacred Temples of our Holy Religion, and gentlemen who agreed with him, reminded him
penetrates even into the privacy of our business of an anecdote. A certain Justice of the Peace
and social relations, influencing and contamina- issued a capias in a certain case, and gave it to
ting all it touches. the constable. The constable read it very
With this view of the subject, the House of gravely to the Defendant, who replied that he
Representatives, startled and shocked with such would not accept of it !" The constable think-
representations, have aroused from the lethar- ing he had discharged his duty, made his re-
gy which the sleep of ages has thrown over turn that the defendant would'nt come! The
them, and determined to know whether it be course recommended in this affair, appeared to
possible that a secret institution, having such a be similar. This House must stop-not dis-
malign influence, can live, or has been thus charge what they had done, or stop for want of
long permitted to exist, in the heart of a free power! Would the fact he inquired, be admit-
and democratic government. They have there- ted that the power of secret societies exceeded,
fore, obeyed the voice of the people, by consti- and was superior to the power of this House ?
tuting a committee and clothing them with as they had proved themselves in the State of
plenary power, thormiihbly to investigartp their New York ? He hoped for the honor of the
complaints by sending for persons and papers. Legislature, the contrary would be shown.
The committee have proceeded in the per- He would not treat with indignity, or disre-
formance of their duty by issuing subpoenas for spect any man-but he thought the committee
witnesses. These subpoenas have been duly appointed by the house, as worthy of protection
served upon Joseph M'Clelland, Alexander Fos- from insult, as any one. This House, too,
ter, jr. George Wolf, Neilson and others. The should regard its own dignity, and not be guil-
two first have obeyed the summons, and ac- ty of the folly of appointing a committee, and
knowledge the supremacy of the laws by ma- then through imbecility refuse to sustain it.
king a free and full development of the se- Mr. Cox here made some remarks, which we
crets of Masonry and Odd Fellowship. The will give to-morrow.
latter have disdained that authority by denying Mr. ATKINSON said, That when the resolu-
the constitutional right of the committee, of the tion first came up to appoint a committee to in-
House, or of any human tribunal, to compel vestigate the subject of masonry, he doubted the
them to give evidence about what the People expediency of possessing it, but being a new
have pronounced to be a great moral and polit- member he'did'not rise to oppose it. lie doubt-
ical evil-that threatens to undermine and over- ed the necessity of its passage, because he be-
throw the purity of our moral and political in- lived, the country was sufficiently informed

could have no force now, since the committee
had been appointed with power to send for per-
sons and papers with the object of carrying on
an investigation. The question was not as to
the policy of appointing the committee, but,
whether, when it is appointed, and the proper
power given, it shall submit to insult and in-
dignity, and through it the House, to gratify
the vulgar spleen and affected contempt of any
one man, however high he may have been in
public estimation.
That gentleman (Mr. Atkinson) would agree
with him that this ought to be a government of
laws, which it could not be, when there were
any too low for their inspection, or too high
for their mark.
Other gentlemen had put the question upon
the constitutional right of the House to proceed
in the manner proposed. Constitutionalright!
His learned friend from Cumberland( Mr. M'-
Clure) on the discussion, of even this point, ap-
peared to draw his ideas, and style, no doubt
accidentally, from the lowest sewer of political
black-guardism. Such ideas, from that gen-
tleman, must have been ushered forth acciden-
tally, for he knew no more accomplished, or
polished gentleman, except, when he wasfloun-
dering about in the sink oJ party politics.
Sir, said Mr. S. talk about proscription, and
the inquisition, and all the other dirty slang
which comes weekly from the prostituted press!
Here is a man whom we think proper to call
upon to testify on certain points, of which he is
ignorant, but which is to enable us to legislate
intelligently, and lie refuses to appear-thus ma-
king himself above the mark of the law, be-
cause he has been the Deputy Grand Master of
Kings, Knight of the Holy Ghost, and of the
Celestial Empire! Let this be admitted, and
every odd fellow, or member of any other se-
cret club, will also refuse to obey a legislative
mandate, and will draw their reasons for so do-
ing from the bigoted letter of George Wolf,-a
letter which will go farther to degrade him in
the estimation of freemen, than all his other
The gentleman from Crawford, (Mr. Atkin-
son) tells us that though language is used in
that letter, which sets the powers of this House
at defiance, and is insulting to the intelligence
of a majority of its members, yet he would not
go to attack the author of such base language,
and compel him to testify. He had hoped that
as that gentlemen had taken but one step in the
filthy pool of masonry, he had been enabled to
wash his garments from the mire and filth, but
he found that the impressions of even the first
step was so imprinted-the impression of the
cable-tow so strong, that nothing can wash it
out-a lamentable and pitiable instance of frail
He had before been under the belief and
hope, that the institution of free masonry into
its sacred keeping, but he found now, that it
had gone, partly at least into the imbraces of
other parties, at least (so far as the gentleman
from Cumberland Mr. Mc Clure) was concer-
ned, who was sent here by Jackson men and
Whigs; he hoped, however, no other Hero"
party would embrace it to defend it.
To subpmna those who had been high in of-
fice, was called proscription. He wished to
know how many applicants for pardons, for
for offices, and other executive favors, had given
the hailing sign of distress, and laid their claims
upon the ground of their being royal arch ma-
sois, "and acting as judges of elections." If
such cases are not too many it is not yet too
late to apply the remedy.
One word, said he, upon the constitutional
question. And what is the constitutional clause
relative to this subject? That the Legislature
shall have all requisite powers necessary &c.-
Who will say this ,is not a power necessary to
propped r Legislation.? None.
The National Congress also proved in accor-
dance with such power. Committees are fre-
quently appointed, with powers to investigate
such subjects and they frequently sit during the
recess of Congress.
The House of Commons of England, not a
more independent body than this, have fre-
quently exercised the power of investigations
and on many subjects have amassed a quantity
oe information on important subjects \vhich
could not have been found in any other way.
It did not appear to be doubted there; but
here year after year the people have petitioned
for this inquiry, and while the party of which
one side of the gentleman from Cumberland be-
longs to, have refused to grant their prayer, in
like cases in England it has been frequently
granted. In a late case where they entered in-
to an investigation of this very question, one of
the high nobility of that kingdom-a brother to
the King-fled from the jurisdiction of the gov-
ernment into a foreign kingdom. Another
high dignitary, and an officer in the Lodge sup-
prened to appear before the committee with the
books and papers of the Lodge, did appear, and
refused to speak before the committee. The

house did not refuse to imprison him in
New Gate until he would testify. Sir, said he,
shall this Legislature allow any dignitary to
escape in like circumstances ? If we do, we
shall have let loose upon us the whole pack,
Blanch, Tray and Sweetheart, and all the small
curs of the masonic kennel.
The debate was further continued by Messrs.
Smith, oi Butler, Hill, Hall, Walker, Spackman,
Reed, and Karns; but to so late an hour that
our Reporter was not able to prepare their re-
marks, for publication in to-days paper. It
will he continued to-morrow.
When Mr. KARNS concluded the question
was taken on the resolution, which passed by
the following vote.
YEAS-Messrs. Buckman, Brooke, Bul-
lock, Bringhurst, Carson, Clarke, Comly,
Conrad, Cowen, Cox, Davies, Derr, Dewart,
Emmert, Frew, Garretson, Gebhart, Gilbert,
Grahamni, IIatiliu, IHunter, IIuston of Fayette,
Hutchison of Chester, Karns, Krumbhaar,
Kauffman, Krause of Dauphin, M'Connell,
M'Donald, M'Sherry, Mathers, Mayer, Men-
denhall, Metzgar, Montelius, Myer, Nesbit,
Neal, Norton, Oliver, Parker, Patterson,
Reed, Reigel, Schall, G. W. Smith, Spack-
man, Stevens, Stinson, Stoehr, Taggart, Tay-
lor, Ulrich, Walker of Allegheny, Walker of
Erie, Watson, Watts,Wygant, Middleswarth
NAYS.-Messrs. Atkinson, Burson, Cur-
ran, Douglass, Ferguson, Gamble, Hasson,
Hall, Hottenstein, Hill, Hubbell, Jackson,
Jones, Kirk, M'Clelland, M'Clure, Rinehart,
Scheetz, T. S. Smith, Stouffer, Stout, Thomp-

ted on the third ballot.
4th ballot.

Joseph Lawrence,
Richard T. Leech,
Alexander Malon,
Jacob' Krebs,
Robert Watson,
Joseph Henderson,
John Dickey,
Joseph Williams,
George N. Baker,

5th do.

6th do.


Messrs. Baker, Fullerton, Harper of Leb-
anon, Hibshman, Irvin, Leet, M'Conckey,
M'Cullough, Michler, Miller, Rogers, Smith,
Strohm and Toland, of the Senate, and At-
kinson, Bringhurst, Brooke, Buckman, Bul-
lock, Burson, Carson, Clarke, Comly, Cow-
an, Cox, Davies, Emmert, Frew, Gebhart,
Garretson, Gilbert, Graham, Hershe, Hub-
bill, Hunter, Hutchison of Chester, Kirk,.
Krausc of Dauphin, Krumbhaar, M'Clelland,
M'Connell, M'Donald, M'Sherry, Mathers,
Mendenhall, Metzgar, Montelius, Myer,
Neal, Nesbit, Norton, Oliver, Parker, Pat-
terson, Reed, Reigel, Schall, G. W. Smith,
T. S. Smith, Spackman, Stevens, Stinson,
Stoehr, Taylor, Thompson, Wagner, Walker
of Erie, Watson, Work, Wyant, and Middle-
swarth, Speaker, of the House, voted for Jo-
seph Lawrence.
Messrs. Carpenter, Harper of Philadel-
phia, Kelly, Newhard, Slenker, and Cunning-
ham, Speaker, of the Senate, and Douglass,
Ferguson, Gamble, Hall, Hasson,Hill, Jones,
M'Clure, Stouffer, Stout and Weygandt, of
the House, voted for ALEXANDER MAIION.
Messrs. Dickey, Fore, Geiger, Hopkins,
Middlecoff, Penrose, Read and Sangston, of
the Senate, and Conrad, Curran, Derr, Dew-
art, Hottenstein, Huston of Northampton,
Jackson, Rinehart, Scheetz, Taggart and Ul.
rich, of the House, voted for JACOB KREBBS.
Mr. Darrah of the Senate, and Karns and
Watts of the House, voted for ROBERT WAT-
Mr. Krebbs, of the Senate, voted for John
Dickey-Walker of Allegheny voted for Jo-
seph Henderson, and Lawrence for Richard
T. Leech.

War in Florida.
A company of volunteers has been formed at
Savannah, and has marched to aid in protect-
ing the citizens of East Florida from a hostile
incursion of thle Seminole Indians. The editor
of the Georgian, who is a member of the com-
pany, writes under date of the 31st Dec. as fol-
lows :
Dear Sir: I must not permit this opportuni-
ty to pass without apprizing you that the vol-
unteers from Savannah, for the relief of out
brethren in East Florida, arrived here this
morning, before day in the Steam Packet; Flor-
ida, Capt. Hebbard, having touched at St. Ma-
ry's, Jacksonville, &c. All the volunteers are in
fire spirits and have met with a hearty welcome
from Capt. Levy and others in this section.-
We found a small force here from St. Augvr3-
tine. It-was reduced yesterday in number by
a draft for the relief of the Floridians in the vi-
cinity of the Mosquito, which settlement on
this (East) side of the St. Johns has been re-
cently laid waste by the Savages. Powell, they
say is determined to be obstinate, and from the
anecdotes I have heard of this people, they
doubtless are a determined tribe. This country
of East Florida from its general aspect is well
calculated to favor the prospects of such reck-
less vagabonds, whose food is the gratification
of their revenge. The forces of the Indians is
variously estimated. Whatever it be, I doubt
not, Generals Call and Clinch will soon unite
and give them a severe drubbing.
It would .be the worst policy not to teach
them, at once, such a lesson as will be remem-
bered. If they could hear the roar of the brass
sixes, now breaking on my ear, they. would
keep, I think, far from the reach of what have
been termed Stephens' Brazen Bull Dogs."-
Our captain will, I think, make good soldiers of
us before our return, which, (however much),
wish to be pursuing my customary avocations,I
I trust will not be, until we have done the state
some service.
Captains Lee and Houston and Lieutenants
Clark and Jones, were to leave Jacksonville this

Huston (Northampton) Jackson, Jones, M'-
Clelland, M'Clure, Rinehart, Sheetz, Stouf-
fer, Stout, Taggart, Ulrich, Weygandt, and
Work of the House of Representatives, 41-
Messrs. Fullerton, M'Conkey, Michler,
Miller, Toland of the Senate, and Buckman,
Clark, Emmert, Ewing, Frew, Garretson,
Graham, Hershe, Hubbell, Krumbharr, M'-
Carty, M'Donald, M'Sherry, Mathers, Men-
dcnhall, Montelius, Myer, Nesbit, Norton,
Parker, Spackman, Slater, Taylor, Thomp-
son, Wagner, Watson and Wyant, of the
House, 34-voted for JOSEPH LAWRENCE.
Messrs. Darrah, Harper, (Lebanon) and-
Strohm of the Senate, and Atkinson, Bring-
hurst, Brooke, Comly, Cowan, Cox, Davies,
Gebhart, Gilbert, Hunter, Hutchinson of
(Phila.) Kauffman, Kirk, Krause, (Dauphin)
Lawrence, M'Connell, Metzgar, Neal, Oli-
ver, Patterson, Reigel, Schall, G. W. Smith,
T. S. Smith, Stinson, Walker of Erie, and
Middleswarth, Speaker of the House, 30-
voted for RICIhARD T. LEECH.
Messrs. Hibshman, and Smith of the Sen-
ate, and Carson, Henderson, Stevens, Wal.
ker, of Alleg. and Watts of the House, 7-
Messrs. Fore, Irvin, and Middlecoff of
the Senate, 3-voted for G. N. BAlER.
Mr. Dickey of the Senate voted for JACOB
Mr. Penrose of the Senate, voted for Jo-
Absent-Messrs. Burden, James, Paul of
the Senate, and Messrs. Bidlack, Conrad,
Harrison, Hudson, Hutchinson of Chester,
Kennedy, Krause, of Lob. Mayer, Miller,
Pennypacker, J. B. Smith, Trego, Wood-
ward and Wynkoop.
On the 13th, Joseph Lawrence was elec-

Si-l-1 -i- NOON V&.& -.i -



"1 am happy to say, that I know no party'or
body of citizens in the country, whose principles
and opinions, on all its leading interests, are more
thoroughly sound and patriotic, than those of the
Antimasons of Pennsylvania. I know no gentle-
men moreworthy oftrust,in every respect,than those
who are placed in thle public councils here by their
influence and their votes. It is true, that the party
has a distinct object of its own,which itkeeps con-
stantly in sight, and which it pursues with steadi-
ness and zeal; but it is equally true, that it shows
itself, always, unwavering and steadfast in its at-
tachminent to the Constitution, in its maintenance of
the authority of law, in its love ofliberty, and in its
support of the great interests and true policy of the

Appointments by the Attorney General.
George G. Barclay, Esq. to prosecute in the
courts of Quarter Sessions and Oycr and Terni-
ner of Berks county.
William Darlington, Esq. to be Deputy Attor-
ney General for the county of Chester.
-"*0 e 44<-
We are indebted to the Hon. DAVID POTTS, Jr,
and the HIon. EDWARD DARLINGTON, for Public
Documents, and to Messrs. STINSON and BRING-
HURST for several legislative reports.

A new Post-Office has been established at Consho-
hocken, in Plymouth township, and JAMS Wells,
Esq. appointed Postmaster.
On the 8th inst. a large number of citizens from
different parts of the state assembled at Harris-
burg to consign to the grave the. remains of the
democratic Muhlenberg party. The funeral was
not conducted throughout with decorum-its un-
timely burial, "alive and kicking" as it was said
to be by some, aroused the latent feelings of sym-
pathy and not a little of revenge for the wolfish
wounds inflicted on it-but "for certain consider-
ations" the "majority" were induced quietly to
put it out of sight, especially as to a portion of
that majority it had always been a disagreeable ob-
ject. No person having been deputized by "four-
fifths of the democracy of this county" to witness
this sad spectacle, or assist in restoring to life its
mangled remains, a wolf who had been active in
pursuit last fall, by name ofC. Kugler, very kindly
volunteered his services, and to use a sportsman's
phrase, "was in at the death."
In a few words, the 8th of January Convention,
composed of friends of Wolf and Muhlenberg, but
a majority of the former, adopted the entire Wolf
electoral ticket, and the friends of the latter gentle-
man must fall in the rear."
-".09 C 044
lMasonry vs. the Laws.
George Wolf, ex-governor, and John Neilson,
have denied the right of the Legislature or the peo-
ple to investigate the Masonic Institution, and re-
fused to appear before the committee The Leg-
islature, as will be seen by referring to the pro-
ceedings on the opposite page, passed a resolution
to issue an attachweut and bring the worthy mem-
bers of the Christian and Republican Institution be-
fore the committee, wvhcn Jo these gentlemen re-
fused to be swern!I Several other members also
The ex-Governor wrote a long, silly, and abusive
letter, denying the right of' any power to inquire
into the principles and practices of the institution,
and stigmatizing the thousands who petitioned for
an investigation as either superstitiously ignorant.
or grossly corrupt It is worthy of tie institution
whose aristocratic principles and divine rights it
attempts to sustain, and we shall accordingly "print
it, and shame the fool 1"

It will be seen by reference to our legislative
proceedings, that the Governor has vetoed the
resolution for tho purchase of twelve additional
engines. his reasons are such as we should

sal to go before the committee, and the spirit c
his letter, which repudiates antimasonry as ti
inquisition, and denies the authority of the Leg
islature to call upon masons to testify in rela
tiou to masonry, fully proves what we hay
said- We think it requires no great penetra
tion to divine thereason why he flounces. W
doubt whether he would be willing to makE
known the masonic iniquity that has been prac
tised during his late administration.
Penn. Telegraph.

Advantages of Advertising.-A worth,
young friend of ours, not many years age
having industriously applied himself to become
master of a mechanical art, set up a shop fo
himself; and as we would advise young begin
Sners and others to do by all means, he wisebl
s informed the world of his intention, by an ad
Svertisement, and at the same time prepared tt
Inform his own mind 'of matters and things it
. general,' by becoming a subscriber to our pa
per. Some six months after, meeting wit[
our young friend at the barber's in answer t(
our inquiries as to how he succeeded in busi
ness he told us of his general success ; and de
scending more into particulars, he expressed
his surprise at receiving the day before, 'all th(
way from Palmyra,' in the state of Missouri
an order for the goods of his shop to the a-
mount of several hundred dollars. He added
"what I am at a loss to know is, how the man
came to know any thing about me or my busi-
ness." After being gratified with his surprise,
we told him we could solve the difficulty.-We
reminded him of his advertising in our paper
for three months at his first setting oit, and in-
formed him that we had subscribers at Palmyra,
lie could but admit that the advertisement which
he had inserted more for fashion than for any
belief in its certain utility, had been ofimmense
Lexington Intelligencer.

Governor Ritner of Pennsylvania, has ap
pointed James Todd, Esq. Attorney General of
the State. Mr. Todd was one of the pure orig-
inal Antimasons, and was among the most effi-
cient and capable supporters of the cause, as a
delegate to the Philadelphia National Conven-
tion. We are sorry to see divisions between
such men as Thaddeus Stevens and James Todd,
We cannot enter into the local disagreements
of our friends in Pennsylvania, for though we
differ from them, as they do from each other, in
relation to the Presidency, we believe they are
all sincerely devoted to the cause of Antima-
sonry. it has long been apparent that Anti-
masons couid not, as a national party, go
together in a body, in the support of a candidate
for the Presidency. The only way to avoid
contentious is to leave each state to pursue such
a course as in the judgment of each, is best
adapted to their local relations. Let us all
agrcc on Antimasonry, and disagree, with can-
dor and good feeling, where we cannot unite,
on other questions. Under existing circum-
stances, we can see no benefit to the cause, to
be derived from an attempt to hold a disjointed
National Convention. If the Antimasons of
Pennsylvania could not agree in the nomina-
tion, how can the Antimasons of all the States
together, hope to agree any better? It is no use
to force the delegates of any State into a posi-
tion which their constituents would not sustain.
Massachusetts, we think, will now act upon the
basis that no National Convention for a Presi-
dential nomination can be held, after Pennsyl-
vania and Rhode Island have both, by their
organization decided against holding a conven-
tion. If we are wrong, we are open to convic-
tion-Boston Daily Advocate.

Col. S. complained to Foote that a slanderer
had ruined his character. "So much the bet-
ter," replied the wit, "for it was a woful bad
one, and the sooner it is destroyed the better."

,A person being seated between two trades-
men; and thinking to be witty upon them, said:
"How prettily I am fixed between two tai-
Upon which, one of the tailors quickly re-
"Being only beginners in business, we cannot
afford to keep more than one goose between us."

.Tominations by the President.
Roger B. Taney, as Chief Justice of the United
P. P. Barbour, as Associate Justice of the Su-
preme Court.
Amos Kendall, as Post Master General.

Appointments by the Governor.
Thomas Dickey, Clerk of Quarter Sessions and
Oyer and Terminer, of Adams county.
James A. Thompson, Register and Recorder and
Clerk of Orphans' Court, of Adams county.
Alexander II. Witman, Prothonotary, of Berks

expect to come from a man possessing sound
political sense, a knowledge of legislation and a
determination to arrest that course of legislation
which, instead of furnishing our public works
for a reasonable sum, has loaded the S:ate with
a public debt to the amount of millions, more
than necessity demanded. The Governor is
determined to know where we stand-to have
a settlement, before we go further ; and to set
limits to the power of the agents of the State.
Strong suspicious are entertained, that these
twelve engines mentioned, were already pur-
chased by the agents of the Commonwealth,
unauthorized, at the time of the passage of the
resolution, and that the passage of the act was
merely to sanction the deed. 'There was anoth-
er reason why the Governor was right in re-
turning the resolution with his objections. It is
the great impolicy of making the State the com-
mon carrier on our public works, to the exclu-
sion of companies and individuals. It costs the
State some 30 or $10,000 more than was recei-
ved for motive power last year. The principle
is wrong. For should the State establish the
principle and become the common carrier on
the rail roads, she might monopolize the car-
riage on the canals, and finally on the turnpikes.
Let such a principle be established and a corps
of officers in the pay of State, at the head of a
mercinary army of underlings would deaden ev-
ery, effort of enterprise; block up every avenue
to the polls ; corrupt every fountain of public
or private virtue, and create and sustain in
power, a dynasty, in despite of the people, as

Luman Wilson, Register and Recorder of Tioga
John Richards, Prothonotary, Register, Recor-
der and Clerk of the several courts of Delaware co.
Daniel E. Labar, Prothonotary, Register, Recor-
der and Clerk of the several Courts of Pike co.
George Walker, Prothonotary, Clerk of Quarter
Sessions, and Oyer and Terminor, and Clerk of
Orphans' Court of Susquehanna co.
Simon Stevens, Register and Recorder of Sus-
quehanna co.
George Buchanan, Prothonotary, Clerk of Quar-
ter Sessions, and Oyer and Terminer of Centre co.
William C. Welch, Register and Recorder, and
Clerk of Orphans' Court of Centre co.

Charles Troxell, Clerk of Quarter Sessions, of
Berks county.
John Green, Clerk of Orphans' Court, of Berks
Win. Zeiber, Register of Wills, of Berks county.
Joseph Allgaier, Recorder of Deeds, of Berks
Robert P. Maclay, Prothonotary, Clerk of Quar-
ter Sessions, and Oyer and Terminer, of Union
George Aurand, Register and Recorder, and
Clerk of Onri'hans' Court, of Union county.
John A. Scroggs, Prothonotary, Clerk of Quar-
ter Sessions, and Oyer and Termniner, of Beaver
Thompson M. Johnson, Register and Recorder,
and Clerk of Orphans' Court, of Beaver county.
James Donaldson, Prothonotary, Clerk of Quar-
ter Sessions, and Oyer and Terminer, and Clerk
of Orphans' Court, of Columbia county.
Alexander Best, Register and Recorder, of Col-
umbia county.
Win. Kelly, Prothonotary, Register, Recorder,
and Clerk of the Orphans' Court, and Quarter
Sessions, of Erie county.
John Bouvier, to be Recorder of the City of
Philadelphia, in the room of Joseph M'llvaine,
Esq., resigned.
Samuel Strait, Jr. Prothonotary, Clerk of Quar-
ter Sessions, and Oyer and Terminer of Bradford
George A. Mix, Register and Recorder, and
Clerk of Orphans' Court of Bradford county.
Thomas Sloan, Prothonotary, Clerk of Quarter
Sessions and Over and Terminer of Favette coun-

Dissolution o'f Partnership.

SHE co-partnership heretofore existing between
S the subscribers trading under the firm of Sam-
uel Livezey & Co. is this day, January 1st, 1836,
dissolved by mutual consent-and all persons in-
debted to said firm, are requested to make payment
to Charles Galloney, who is authorized to settle
all the accounts of said firm.
Plymouth, January 20, 1836.
N. B. The public are very respectfully informed
that the subscriber will continue business in the
same place, and hopes by strict attention to busi-
ness, and keeping a good assortment oft'oods, to'


The subscriber offers at Private Sale,

4 ITUATE within half. mile of the Springhouse
-' tavern, on tihe Bethilehamn turnpike road, ad-
joining lands of Joseph Shoemaker, Solomon Clea-
ver and others;
and 130 perches,
Six of which are heavily timbered Woodland,
A considerable portion meadow, and the remaind-
er in a good state of cultivation, the whole under
good fence.
JThe improvements are a substantial
two story stene Dwelling House, four
S rooms on a floor, with a good collar
2-i. under the whole, a frame barn, and
other out houses; a nevei trailing well of water near
the door, with a milk house connected therewith
also, a good spring ofwaler a short distance f-rom
tho dwelling, with a pump therein. There are on
the premises two young thriving apple orchards,
and between 40 and 50 pear trees near thie house,
with a good cider-press ; also, quince, cherry, and
other fruit trees. An indisputable title will be
For a view of the premises, apply thereon ; and
for further particulars, apply to the subscriber, near
the brewery, in Germantown.
Dee. 2, 1835.

Y- merit a continuance of custom.
On Tuesday evening, the 12th inst, by the Rev. C. GALLONEY.
Win. H. Rees, RICHARD J. HARVEY, M. D. of
Montgomery county, to MARGARET B., daughter Littell's i iuseuims.
of the late Uriah Thomas, of Newtown, Delaware CONTENTS FOR JANUARY.
county. Journal by Frances Anne Butler; Mrs. Tetty
On Friday, the 1st of January, by the Rev. J. and her Ward; The Little Teacher; Personal His-
I. Fries, Mr. CHARLES SEEBOLD, editor of the[ tory of Louis Phillippe ; The Donkey Boy andthe
Antimasonic Star, New Berlin, to Miss MARY, Dog Rose; To the Robin; A Chinese Visitation;
daughter of P. Frank, Esq. of the same place. Col. Flinter's Account of Pueto Rico ; The Coun-
Ont the 7th of January by Elder L. D. Fleming, tess; The Orange Boy; Quin's Steam Voyage
at Gray's Ferry, Philadelphia county, Mr. JACOB down the Dauube; The Grandmother; Lord Bol-
RODENBOUGH of Upper McrIion, to Miss SUSAN J. ingbroke ; Life in the Woods ; The oriental Annu-
WAGNER of Lower Merion, Montgomery county, al; Slavery in the United States ; Extracts from
._ Hogg's Damascus and Jerusalem, Discipline of Ib-
rahim's Army, &c. &c.; The Virginia Springs;
"All, Papa's Letter; The Quarterly Review to Wash-
On Sunday thIe 10th inst. at the residence of her ington Irving; The Drowned Fisherman; A Night
husband, in Reading, Mrs. HENRIETTA M. RANSOM, near Monte Video; Apprehended Insurrection in
aged 22 years, daughter of Mr. George M. Potts of Trinidad ; Hunting in Ceylon.

tmis Borougn.

By Divine permission, Elder Lorenzo D. Fleming
will preach in the Court House, on next Sabbath
afternoon, at 2 o'clock.


'T. ESPECTFULLY informs his customers and
-'.*i the public generally that he has removed from
his former stand next door to Mr. Brauch's tavern,
to the stand lately occupied by A. F. Bevens, near-
ly opposite to- M'Collom's store, where he will keep
constantly on hand finished Harness, Saddles, and
Bridles, in their variety, which he will dispose of
on reasonable terms.
Norristown, January 20, 1836.
N. B. All orders for articles in his line will be
thankfully received and executed at the shortest

AKE NOTLCE, that we have applied to the
judges of the Court of Common Pleas of Mont-
gomery county, for the benefit of the Acts of the
general Assembly of the Commonwealth of Penn-
sylvania, passed for the relief of insolvent debtors,
and that the court have been pleased to appoint
Monday the 15th day of February next, at the
Court H[louse in the borough of Norristown, at 10
o'clock in the forenoon, to hear us and our cred-
itors, at which time and place you may attend if
you think proper.

Jan. 20, 1836.

7H FIE subscriber being about to remove to Phil-
.L adelphia, requests all persons indebted to him
to call and settle their accounts on or before the
25th of February next; after that date the Books
will be left with Christian Keisel, Esq, for collec-
Upper Dublin, Jan. 20, 1836.
N. B. The store he occupies is for rent. En-
quire ofT. Jarrett or Charles Thomas.
M/eg,'s er's glotice,

MIontgomery county.
Norristown, January 15, 1836.
ALL persons concerned, either as Heirs, Cre-
ditors or otherwise, are hereby notified, that
the accounts of the following named persons, have
been allowed and filed in my office, on the date to
each separately affixed; and that the same will be
presented to the Orphans' Court of said county, at
its next stated meeting, to be held for said county,
on Wednesday the 17th of February, 1835, at the
Court House in Norristown, for confirmation ; at
which time and place they may attend if they think
October 25,1837. Daniel Freas, Joseph Freas,and
Thomas Read, attorney in fact for William
Freas, executors &c. of George Freas, late of
Whitemarsh, dec'd.
Oct. 26. John Crumback, Jr. administrator, with
the will annexed of John Crumback, Sen'r. late
of the borough of Norristown, dec'd.
Nov. 13. Hoary Gaubel and Elizabeth Bickle,
administrators &c. of Daniel Bickle, late of
Douglass, dec'd.
Nov. 13. Abraham Martin, executor &c. of John
Loch, late of Towamcncin, dec'd.
Nov. 14. William Wills, administrator &c. of
HIannah .1arple, late of Plymouth, dec'd.
Nov. 14. Willliam Wills, administrator &c. of
Rebecca Wills, late of Pottsgrovoe dec'd.
Nov. 16; Ann Murray and James Murray, sur-
viving executors &c. of Christian Christiue,
late of Horsham, dec'd. final account.
Nov. 16. Jacob Fitswater one of the executors &c.
of Abraham Lukens, late of Whitemarsh,
Nov. 17. Catharine Swartly and Jacob Swartley,
administrators &c. of Jacob Swartley, Sen'r.
late Towamencin, dec'd.
Nov. 18. Whitman R. Bennett, administrator, &c.
of Charlotte Btnnelt, late of Moreland, dec'd.
Nov. 24. Ilarvey Thomas and Samuel Thomas,
administrators, &c. of Samuel Thomas, Sen'r.
late of Cheltenham, dec'd.
Nov. 25. Owen Jenkins and John Jenkins, ex-
ecutors &c. of Eve Iloxworth, late of Hatfield,
dec'd. addition! account.
Dec. 7. Thomas Clark, one of the executors &c.
of Catharine Slough, late of Norriton, dec'd.
Dec. 18. Sarah Rorer, administratrix, with the
will annexed of Henry Rorer, late of Chelten-
ham, dec'd.
Dec. 24. Jane W. Cleaver and Joseph W. Thom-
as, executors, &e. of William Cleaver, late of
Upper Merion, dec'd.
Jan. 4, 1836. William Shide, administrator, &c. of
Samuel Detweiler, late of New Hanover, dee'd.
Jan. 11. Zadok Tlihnmas. -rnuardian of TReerra.

PR O cs. 'L sM TIO .

,,,,HEREAS, the Hon. JOHN Fox, Esq. presi-
dent of the several courts of common pleas,
consisting of the counties of Montgomery and
Bucks, and justice of the courts of oyer and termi-
ner, and general jail delivery, in the said counties,
judges of the court of common pleas, and justices
of the court of oyer and terminer and general jail
delivery, for the trial of all capital and other offen-
ders in the said county of Montgomery, by their
precept to me directed, tested at Norristown, the
21st of December last, have ordered a court ofoyer
and terminer and general jail delivery, to be holden
at Norristown, for the county of Montgomery, on
Monday the 15th day of February next.
Notice is therefore hereby given,
To the coroner, the justices of the peace, and the
constables of the said county of Montgomery, That
they are by the said precept commanded to be then
and there at 10 o'clock in the forenoon of the said
day, with their rolls, records, inquisitions, examina-
tions, and other remembrances, to do those things
which to their office, on that behalf appertain to be
done-And also, those who are bound by recogni-
zance to prosecute against the prisoners that are or
then shall be in the jail of the county of Montgom-
ery, or to be then and there to prosecute against
them as shall be just.
JOHN TODD, Sheriff.
[God save the Commonwealth.]
Sheriff's office, Norristown,
January 12, 1836.


A Store Stand and Dwelling, situ-
ated in Dreshertown, Upper Dublin
mai township, is offered for Rent. The
-a house has 4 rooms on the first floor
and 3 on the second, with garret and cellar under
the whole.
Apply to
January 6, 1836.

A Blacksmith Shop, three Houses, and a
Wheelright Shop,

"N Plymouth township, Montgomery county ; it
.is a good stand for business. Enquire of the

January 6, 1836.

JOHN DAVIS, (Miller.)

(Office in Jamison's new building.)
n'nREATS diseases and injuries of the Teeth,
iL Gums, Alvular processes, and Maxillary
Bones, inserts Artificial Teeth, upon the most ap-
proved principles of the science.
Refers to his numerous patrons in the borough
of Norristown and its vicinity.
Dec. 30, 1835.

A N Apprentice to the Clock and Watch Mak-
ing Business. A lad of from 14 to 16 years
of age, of industrious habits, will be taken as an
apprentice to the above business by thie subscriber,
in the borough of Norristown. Application to be
made immediately.
SNorristown, Dec. 30, 1835.

Estate of Enos Jacoby, dccld.
F,,TOTICE is hereby given to all persons indebt-
I_\i ed to the estate of Enos Jac6bly, late of the
borough of Norristown, in the county of Montgom-
ery, Merchant, dec'd, to make payment immediate-
ly, and all persons having claims or demands
against the estate of said decedent, are requested to
make known the same without delay, to
Norristown, Montgomery county.
Dec. 30, 1835.

Standing Timber.

On 5th day (Thursday) the 14th of 1st month,
(January) A. D. 1836,
0-"&N the premises of the subscriber, (late Isaac
"'&<) Williams, dec'd,) in Whitemarsh township,
adjoining the road leading from Plymouth meeting
house to Flourtown ;
15 Acres of Stan.dinir Timnhi._


1r7,HE subscriber, having purchas ef the right
-k for making and vending Hawley's Corn Shel-
ling Machine for the county of Montgomery, here-
by gives notice, that persons wishing to purchase
tins useful invention may procure the Same ready
made of the subscriber, residing at Win. Kennedy's,
in Upper lMorion township, near the Valley Forge.
Persons desirous of purchasing township rights for
selling this economical and labor saving machine,
can do so by making application to the subscriber.
This machine will, if well attended, shell a bushel
of corn per minute, and is of such construction that
one person can perform the operation of turning
without the necessity of being relieved by another.
Dec. 9, 1835.
N. B. All persons aro hereby forbidden making
or selling the above machine in Montgomery coun-
ty without proper authority from the subscriber,
and the law will be enforced against all offenders.

Estate of IMargaret Rambo,
Late of Upper Merion township, Montgom-
ery county dec'd,
-,.OTICE is hereby given, that letters testamen-
-IA tary upon the estate of MARGARET RAMBO,
late of the township of Whitemarsh, in the county
of Montgenmery, dec'd., have been duly granted to
the undersigned Executor of the last will and tes-
tament of said decedent. All persons indebted to
the said estate are requested to make payment, and
those having claims against the same will please
present them for settlement, to
GEO. W. SHAINLINE, Executor.
Upper Merion township, Montgomery county.
Dec. 2, 1835.,
Estate of Gardiner Latch,
Late of Lower Merion township, Montgom-
ery county, dec'd.
..OTICE is hereby given, that letters of Admin-
1' istration have been granted to the undersigned
by the Register of said county, and all persons
having claims or demands against said decedent's
estate are requested to make the same known to
them without delay-and all persons indebted will
please to make payment immediately.
Roxborough, Philadelphia county.
Lower Merion, Montgomery county.
Dec. 9, 1835.

SEMf.23R y.
,1N HE inhabitants of the borough of Norristown
Jt. and its vicinity are respe(.tfully informed that
the subscriber intends opening a school for the in-
struction of youth on the 4th of January, where the
following Branches of Education will be taught,
Spelling, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, Gram-
mer, Geography, Composition, Elocution, Needle,
Bead and Fancy Work, Music, Drawing, and the
rudiments of thie French Language.
The most respectable references can be given,
and she will pay the most indefatigable attention to
the manners and morals of the pupils. She flatters
herself she will merit a share of the public patron-
Terms made known at the seminary.
Norristown, Dec. 16. 1835.

ix Cents Reward.

SAN AWAY from the subscriber, living in
-LAl Ilatborough, Moreland township, on the 7th
an indented apprentice to the Blacksmithing Bu-
siness. Said apprentice is about 20 years of age,
lie had on a blue cloth coat and pantaloons and
black fur hat. The above reward will be paid to
any person who will secure him so that I can get
him again, but no charges will be paid.
All persons are forbidden to harbor or trust said
apprentice at their peril.
Dec. 16,1835.


The subscriber offers at Private Sale,
SITUATE in the village of Lumberville, in Up-
per Providence township, Montgomery county,
fronting on the Schuylkill canal, affording a good
landing for the prosecution of the lumber business;
containing about one acre ofland, on which is erect-
a-. ed a now two story stone house, 36 by
10; ~20 feet, a frame stable, 18 feet square,
ill a shop, now occupied by a shoemaker,
a well of water convenient to the door
with a pump therein, &c. a stream of water passes
through one corner of the lot.
The above property is situated in a good neigh-
bourhood for mechanics, and is well calculated for
several kinds of public business.
Persons wishing to view the premises may apply
to the subscriber, living thereon.
Dec. 16, 1835.


Several yoke of Oxen and young
Apply to the subscriber, in Whitemarsh town-
12th me. 16, 1835.


STo let, that old established store, at
1 present occupied by Jacob M. J. Smith,
N I, in the village of Flourtown, Spring-
f field township, Montgomery county.-
For particulars enquire of
Dec. 9, 1835.

Estate of flsaac Williamis,
Late of Whitemarsh township, Montgomery
county, dcc'd,,
A LL persons indebted to the estate of Isaac
Williams, late of Whitemarsh township, Mont-
gomery county, dec'd. are requested to make pay-
ment on or before the 1st of the 2d month next--
And those having claims against said estate are
requested to present them properly attested for set-
tlement, to
Bristol township, Philadelphia county,
Plymouth township, Montgomery county,
12th. me. 30, 1835.

The President, Managers and Con-
pany of the Schutylkill Bridge
at Norristown.

T HE President and Managers have this day de-
clared a Dividend of THREE PER CENT on the
capital stock, which will be paid to the Stock-

The subscriber intending to decline the Dry.
Goods Business,
The whole of lis stock l
D~ry G-oods,
A 4lONSISTINGofCloths,Cassimeres,Sattimetts,
/-&super 6-4 English Merino, commonrr do. Silks,
double and single width Bombasin, Shawls, Irish
Linen, Cloaks, Flannels, Gloves, Hosiery, &c. &c.
Persons wishing to purchase will do well to
call before purchasing elsewhere, as the subseri-
boris determined to sell. To a person wishing to
engage in the dry-goods business, the stand to-
gether with the stack wilt be disposed of on favor-
able terms-r
No. 10, South Second st., Philadelphia.
11th mo. 4th, 1835.
N. B. All persons indebted to the subscriber or
the late firm of Thomas & Hawkins, will please
call and settle their accounts previous to First tio-
1st, 1836.

JOHA s o. B'CIejV'U'M,


JESPECTFULLY returns thanks to his nu-
merous customers for their generous patron-
age, and hopes by continued attention to business,
to merit a continuance of their favor.
fie has now on hand different sizes of Stanley's
celebrated Cooking Stoves, which he will furnish
in complete order to any of his friends and custo-
mers as cheap as they can be procured in Philadel-
phia or elsewhere.
The Rotary stove, of which the above is a repre-
sentation, stands ahead of all other inventions that
have yet been made, in point of usefulness. It
consumes less fuel-cooks a greater amount of eat-
ables-and throws out more heat, and is acknowl-
edged by every one who has seen it used to be
superior-and those who have used them, decide
with the subscriber that they cant be beat. Per-
sons who are about preparing for the approaching
winter, will do well to call and BUY one of Stan-
ley's Patent Rotary Cooking Stoves, as they can
be recommended above all others, and are warrant-
ed to save fuel and other expenses.
Also a general assortment oj

Kept constantly on hand. Mending done on rea
sonable terms. Old pewter, copper or lead, bought
or taken in exchange for ware.
Oct. 21, 1335.

The subscriber offers at Private Sale,
ITUATE at Montgomery Square, Montgome-
iry township, Montgomery county, on the Beth-
lehem turnpike road, together with
Of first rate land-the whole under entirely new
repairs. It will positively be sold, if at a sacrifice,
between this and the first of April next. For par-
ticulars, enquire at Centre Hotel, near Centre
q r n -- ; I W 7 ..A -1 -

Il~sP---h~-lt--rr- CI""~1 I

ma m m mTmesme e mm mI m m mm mm a o ul IIams m ..-nm um mm an lmm ummu "em n msee

There is, in famous Yankee land,
A class of men, yclep'd tin pedlars,
A shrewd, sarcastic band
Of busy medlers-
They scour the-country through and through,
Vending their wares, tin pots, tin pans,
Tin ovens, dippers, wash bowls, cans,
Tin whistles, kettles, or to boil or stew,
Tin cullenders, tin nutmeg graters,
Tin warming platters for your fish and 'taters '
In short,
If you will look within
His cart,
And gaze upon the tin
Which glitters there
So bright and fair,
There is no danger in defying
You to go off without buying.

One of these cunning, keen-eyed gentry,
Stopp'd at a tavern in the country,
Just before night,
And called for bitters for himself of course,
And fodder for his horsa-
This done, our worthy wight
Inform'd the landlord that his purse was low,
Quite empty, I assure you sir, and so
I wish you'd take your pay
In something in my way.

Now Boniface supposed himself a wag-
And when he saw that he was suck'd,
Was not dispirited, but pluck'd
Up courage, and his trowsers too !
quoth he to himself, I am not apt to brag
'Tis true,
But I can stick a feather in my cap,
By making fun of this same Yankee chap.
Well, my good friend,
That we may end
This troublesome affair.
I'll take my pay in ware
Provided that you've got what suits
My inclination"-
"No doubt of that," the pedlar cried
Sans hesitation:
"Well bring us up a pair of good tin boots"-
"Tin boots !" Our Jonathan espied
His landlord's spindle shanks,
And giving his good genius thanks
For the suggestion,
Ran out, returned and then-"by goles !"
Yes, here's a pair of candle moulds !
They'll fit you without question !"

Self Taught IMen.
In the different monarchies of Europe,
where the means of early education are res-
tricted, where the inhabitants are divided in-
to grades, and power is exclusively vested
in the hands of the wealthy or the noble-
where in a word, ARISTOCRACY rules, the
mechanic is too often regarded as a machine,
intended to increase the comforts of the fa-
vored few who inherit wealth, and dignity.
Honor and distinction, those stimulents to
high-souled and enterprising deeds, are pre-
sumed to be beyond the reach of the man
who gains his livelihood by honest industry,
yet, even there, where vice and poverty are
too often considered synonymous terms, the
humble mechanic and the lowly serf, un-
daunted by the cheerlees prospects before
them, have in many instances struggled suc-
cessfully for fame and distinction against the
tremendous tide of prejudice, and by the
force of energy and enterprise alone, have
attained the summit of eminence and wealth,
or gained immortality by administering to
the comforts or increasing the knowledge of
their fellow men.
RICHARD ARKWRIGHT passed the earlier
years of his life in pursuing the humble oc-
cupation of a barber-but he was fond of
reading, and what proved of more value to
him, he had early acquired habits of reflec-
tion. He conceived the idea of spinning
cotton by means of machinery, and notwith-
standing he was miserably poor and friend-
less, notwithstanding he was every where
ridiculed as a visionary projector, who de-
served a cell in Bedlam-by the force of en-
ergy and application he succeeded in car-
rying his design (which has since proved so
beneficial) into effect, and afterwards revell-

ed in all the luxuries of wealth, and was
knighted by his Sovereign.
JoHn LESLIE was the son of a humble far-
mer of Largo, in the lowlands of Scotland,
and when he had attained his 15th or 16th
year, he had made considerable progress in
all the branches taught at the village school.
He was now employed as a herdsman-and
as the pastue on which he tended his cattle
was for the most part hedged in, his atten-
dance was more a necessity of being in the
field than an employment. This gave him
leisure and he sought to improve his mind.
By some means he became possessed of a
copy of Simpson's Euclid, upon which he
commenced his career as a mathematician-
he powdered the foot-path by the hedge with
sand, delineated his figures thereon, and
closing his book, went through his demon-
strations. It so happened that one day the
minister of Largo, was taking a walk which
led him by the other side of'the hedge, and
he was startled .by hearing muttered sounds,
and listening, he could hear distinctly the
words "angle," "triangle," "two sides of
the one equal to two sides of the other," and
A B C, mingled with words and sentences
-" that MUST be the mathematics," quoth
the minister of Largo-and he was truly
astonished to find Jock Leslie overcoming
that in solitude and without instruction,
which the minister himself had never been
able to overcome amid all the sciences and
stimuli of St. Andrew's University. Suffice

WILLIAM GIFFORD was the son of a dis-
sipated mariner, and at his father's death
was left friendless and forlorn-he was put
on board a coaster by his godfather as a cab-
in boy, where he remained till he was four-
teen years of age. He was afterwards ap.
prenticed to a shoemaker and continued at
his trade till he was 19 years old. During
his apprenticeship, he devoted every leisure
moment to study-and made himself com-
pletely master of Algebra without any in-
struction. Being destitute of paper,pen and
ink, he hammered out pieces of leather as
smooth as possible and wrought his prob-
lems on them with a blunted awl. We can-
not sufficiently admire the perseverance of
such a youth. And his perseverance was
rewarded-for the fame of his literary pur-
suits reached the ears of a gentleman, who
was the means of purchasing the remainder
of his time-and placing him in a situation
where he could acquire a classical education
and he afterwards proved to be one of the
ablest writers and most distinguished critics
of his day.
Many other illustrations of a similar char-
acter might be brought forward, but it is un-
necessary. In this country it is computed
that about nineteen-twentieths of the popu-
lation are engaged in Manufactures, Trade
or Agriculture. But according to the sys-
tem of a republican government, the people
rule, and a man is respected according to the
qualities of his head and heart. The ques-
tion is not asked whether he is a farmer, a
mechanic, or a member of a learned profes-
sion,-whether he is the child of poverty, or
the inheritor of wealth. If he is a man of
information, talent, and integrity, he may
reasonably aspire to the first offices in the
gift of his fellow-citizens. Instances are
innumerable in the history of our country, of
men, who by their own industry acquired an
education, and have afterwards become dis-
tinguished in our legislative halls, or have
assisted in the councils of State. Such men
h ave always been noted for wisdom firmness
ofcharacter, and inflexible patriotism. Here
the celebrated line of Pope will truly apply,
"Act well your part-there all the honor lies."
Bost. Mer. Journal.
The great Fire in London.
The most important event that ever hap.
opened in this metropolis, whether it be con-
sidered in reference to its immediate effects,
or to its remote consequences, was the great
fire which broke out in the morning of Sep-
tember the second, 1666, and being impell-
ed by strong winds, raged with irresistable
fury nearly four days and nights, nor was it
entirely mastered until the fifth morning.-
The destructive extent of this conflagration,
was perhaps never exceeded in any part of
the world, by any fire originating in acci-
dent. Within the walls, it consumed almost
five-sixths of the whole city; and without the
walls, it cleared a space nearly as extensive
as the one sixth part left unburnt within.-
Scarcely a single building, that came within
the range of the flames, was left standing.
Public buildings, churches and dwelling
houses were alike involved in one common
fate; and making a proper allowance for ir-
regularities, it may fairly be stated, that the
fire extended its ravages over a space of
ground equal to an oblong square, measuring
upwards of a mile in length, and a half a
mile in breadth. In the summary account
of this vast devastation, given in one of the
inscriptions on the monument, and which
was drawn up from the reports, of the sur-
veyors appointed after the fire, it is stated,
that "the ruins of the city were 436 acres,
viz: three hundred and seventy three acres
within the walls and sixty three in the liber-
ties of the city, that of the twenty six wards
it utterly destroyed fifteen, and left eight
others shattered and half burnt; and that it
consumed four hundred streets, thirteen thou-
sand two hundred dwelling houses, eighty
nine churches, besides chapels, four of the
city gates, Guild-hall, many public struc-
tures, hospitals, schools, libraries and a vast
number of stately edifices." The immense
property destroyed in this dreadful confla.

gration, could never be calculated with any
tolerable degree of exactness, but according
to the best estimations that have been made,
the total value must have amounted to the
Brooks, the travelling correspondent of the
Portland Advertiser, gives sometimes a gra-
phic sketch of the scenes through which he
passes-for instance, writing from Switzer-
land he says in his last :-
Peterlingen-horrid name! much better
though than many fools are giving to Amer-
ican towns, when they make an Athens,
Rome, or a London of them--to Peterlingen
how did I come? Freyburg, the capital of the
canton of that name was the first town of im-
portance we entered into, after leaving Berne.
The way is rather hilly-mountainous some-
what, but the road, like all the roads, was ex-
cellent. A century to come will bring us up
with the continent in the making of roads.
Pretty little allies were peeping out, every
town we made and every pass we surmonnted.
The Swiss cottages were sprinkled over
them, like flowers upon the trophied arch,-
for a valley here is often so hemmed in by
mountain sides, that it costs no fancy to con-
vert them" to the arch that the clouds are
vaulting. English neatness about the door
is all the Swiss cottage needs to make it per-
fect. But as our farmers sin, so sin the
Swiss. Vermont is much like many parts
of Switzerland. The farms are smaller here,
the etnltiration iq kpn+ft lo+ .f h imnr..v+ ;


WHEN this work was about commencing, the
Proprietors, in their original Prospectus,
stated, that their facilities were very great for con-
ducting a publication of the kind. The selections
already have given great satisfaction. The Life
of Sir James Mackintosh," *' Kincaid's Rifle Brig-
ade,"Iand "Characteristics of Hindostan," are works
that at the same time are interesting and instruc-
tive. Nothing bearing a different character shall
ever find a place in the Library.
As a proof of our facilities, we havecommeced in
No. 14, the publication of a work of History and
Fiction, by James-received by us one month in
advance of any other publisher. This gentleman is
the author of those deservedly popular works,
"Darnley," "D'Lorme," "Richelieu," "Philip Au.
gustus," "Henry Masterton,""John Marston Hall,"
"Mary of Burgundy," "The Gypsey," &c. The
present work will sustain his high reputation. The
scene is laid ini France, during the reign of its gay-
est monarch, Henri Quatre, and is full of those
beautiful descriptions and stirring incidents which
characterizes his writings. It is entitled "One in a
Thousand, or, The Days of Henri Quatre.
This work will be completed in advance of the
regular days of publication to gratify the numerous
readers, with-what, when they commence, we are
convinced they will anxiously look for-the De-
Our extraordinary facilities will enable us to be
always in advance with the works of this and many
other celebrated authors.
The Library is published weekly, each number
contains 20 imperial octave pages, in a stitched
cover. The Literary Chronicle which accompa-
nies it contains 4 pages, and is bound up at the
completion of each volume at the end of the work.
Five Dollars per annum, payable in advance.
Address CAREY & HART,
Jan.13, 1836.
Or Philadelphia Monthly Magazine of Lit.
erature, Fashions, and Portraits.
T HE Lady's Book was the first publication in
this country to introduce and perfect a taste
for colored Plates of the Fashions ; and the univer-
sal popularity which the Book obtained, with the
aid of these beautiful and costly embellishments,
although they appeared every quarter only, was
unprecedented and unexampled. The publisher,
emboldened by his long experience, and the success
which has crowned his former efforts to signalize
his work, intends, with the coming volumes, to in-
troduce alternately every other month, in the course
of the year, Six splendid Plates of the Fashions, su-
perbly coloured. The engravings will be copied
from original designs, prepared expressly for that
purpose; thereby furnishing the patrons of the work
with correct and constant information of the latest
and most approved style for ladies' dresses, as they
come out. This arrangement will materially ad-
vance the value and beauty of his work, and al-
though it will add considerably to the publisher's
heavy outlays, he trusts with confidence to the
liberality of a discerning public for future remuner-
ation, corresponding with his exertions and unre-
laxing efforts to keep pace with the rapid progress of
the improvements of the age. The following is the
order which will be adopted for the embelishments
of the Lady's Book for 1836, viz ;
January 1 UPERB
May, of the
November, J Elegantly Colored.
With the June and December numbers will be
furnished appropriately engraved title pages, and a
general table of contents for each volume.
February, FINE STEEL
August, n Illustrating
Besides, every number will be enriched with a
Plate from the Portrait Gallery, containing the
likenesses of two distinguished individuals. In
addition to which, other and various Engravings
will be regularly added-with two pages of Popular
The publisher has at present in the hands of an
excellent artist a steel engraving, which will con-
tain a likeness of all the present reigning Queens of
Europe, which will be given as n extra in the
January No.
To meet these expensive engagements, it is ab-
solutely necessary that remittances should be
promptly made. At the end of the last six months,
nearly six hundred names were erased from our
list, in consequence of its appearingfrom the books
that each owed two year's subscription, Many
have since paid, and some had previously settled
with agents. These and other grievous inconve-
niences a publisher has to encounter, which should,

as far as the Agent is concerned, be remedied by
his rendering an account of all that he has received,
at least once in every six months. Subscribers
become annoyed when their names are erased for
delinquency, and when they settle they will not
again renew their subscription. This, consequent-
ly, is a serious loss to the proprietor. The follow-
ing suggestions are respectfully tendered for thew
consideration of persons who are now in arrears:
Let those who owe two years, or that will owe two
in December or June next, send a five dollar note,
on account. Many refrain from forwarding their
dues because they cannot remit the exact sum; this
is not necessary, if they continue their subscription.
It is only when a person stops the work, that a
liquidation of the whole amount due becomes ne-
Gallery of Portraits.-Under this head will be
published every month, likenes es of distinguished
Authors in this country and in Europe. Striking
resemblances of Bulwer, Brogham, Hogg, Cunning-
ham, &c. &c. have been given. The following are
now ready for the press, and will be published two
in each number until the whole is completed: Shel-
ly, Lewis, Moore, Coleridge, D'Israeli,Neele, Mad.
de Stael, Jane Porter, Campbell, Roscoe, Southey,
Fac similes of the writing of Washington, Jeffer-
son, Madison, Monroe, Adams, Byron, Scott, and
other distinguished persons, have already appeared.
Those of Napoleon, Franklin, Lafayette, &c. &c.
are in preparation.
The publication of views of beautiful scenery
and remarkable public edifices, will be continued
as heretofore.
Every number of the work contains forty eight
large octavo pages, printed on fine white paper, the
whole neatly stitched in covers. The postage for
each number is 3 cents for any distance under 100
miles-5 cents over.
To convince persons wishing to subscribe for the
Lady's Book, that it is equal in point of embellish-
i 4 : j .- i I

Published by/ the Boston Bewick Company,
No. 47, Court street, Boston.
FT HE publishers are encouraged by the flatter-
K. ing reception and extensive circulation of the
Magazine for the year past to prosecute the work
with renewed assiduity ; and with a constant desire
to fulfil the promises made in the outset of the
work. We intend 'to stick to our text;' and to
serve those who have so liberally cheered us with
their kind patronage, with what is useful and plea-
sant. The utile et dulce shall still be our object
and aim. We do not presume to instruct the
veteran and erudite scholar, who has spent thirty
or forty years in his study-nor to lay open those
hidden mysteries of nature which have escaped the
ken of the most inquisitive. Nor do we expect to
approach so near to the moon or other planets, as
tell what are the trees,the birds and animals which
may there grow, or live and move. We leave such
extraordinary feats to those who are more visiona-
ry, or more daring than we are. But we hope and
intend to keep up the character and spirit of the
Magazine, in presenting solid and useful articles,
which may be instructive to a portion of our rea-
ders and not considered wholly unimportant to lit-
erary men. We consider the whole United States
as our field, though not ours exclusively ; and we
ask the favor of persons of taste and science, to
communicate important facts, and natural scenes,
and works of art, for the benefit of all our friends.
As republicans, we feel that we are of the same
family as those in the south and in the west-as
friends of improvement, of good morals and good
learning, we wish also to be considered of the same
family. If we can do any thing by our labors to
increase and strengthen this sentiment and feeling,
'we shall be ready to the good work.'
We would call the attention of our present sub-
scribers to the terms of the Magazine. It is very
important to us to know who propose to continue
taking the Magazine, and to receive the very small
sum, ($2,) charged for it, in advance.
All letters and communications from Agents and
others, must be post paid.
Active and responsible Agents who will contract
to obtain subscribers, in States, Counties or Dis-
tricts will meet with liberal encouragement. N. B.
None need apply without satisfactory references.
The Postage on this Magazine as establishedjby
law, is 4 ects. for 100 miles-any distance over, 7J
Boston, Dec. 30, 1835.



THE great and constantly increasing demand
for the novels of Captain Marryatt, has induced the
subscriber to commence the publication of a new
edition of his entire writings, in a new form, and
at a reduced price. Several of his works that have
not yet appeared in this country will be comprised
in this series, which will, when completed, be the
only uniform edition of his writings that has yet
issued from the press.
The work will be published in semi-monthly
Numbers at 371 cents per number. Each number
complete in itself, and containing the whole of one
of his works, equal to Two Duodecimo volumes ;
a Title Page to each number.
The whole series will be complete in Eight Num-
bers, and will form a royal octavo volume contain-
ing nearly twelve hundred pages for three dollars.
List of works to be comprised in this edition:-
Frank Mildmay, or the Naval Officer.
Newton Foster, of the Merchant Service.
King's Own.
Peter Simple, or the Adventures of a Midship-
Jacob Faithful.
Pacha of Many Tales.
Japhet in Search of his Father.
Naval and Military Sketches.
The first number will positively be issued early
in January, and the whole will be completed by
the last of April.
The work will be stereotyped, and any of the
Numbers can be had separate, if desired.
They will be sent by post to any part of the
Union, so packed as to defy the friction of the
mails. Postage under 100 miles 1) cents per sheet,
over 100 miles 2 cents.
It is almost useless for the subscriber to remark
that this is the cheapest work ever offered. The
simple fact of the number of pages being near
twelve hundred, and the price only three dollars,
speaks for itself. The public may look upon this
as the commencement of an enterprise to furnish
them with works of fiction by the most celebrated
authors, printed in a beautiful manner, on fine pa-
per, at a price that will at once defy competition,
and place it in the power of every person to pos-
sess a library of novels at an extremely low rate.
The advantage of transmission by mail is one that
will not be overlooked by non-residents of large
cities. The publisher thinks, and he presumes that
the public will agree with him, that it is better to
issue the works of each author, in series, at a stated

price, than to publish a continuous work at so much
per annum; for by:this arrangement they may sub-
scribe to the works of one author and reject an-
other. Not being obliged to pay for that which
they do not want.
A remittance of $10 will command four copies
of the work. Single subscription $3.
(l- Subscribers to the Lady's Book, or those
wishing to become subscribers, will be furnished
with the Lady's Book one year, and the set of
Novels, for Five Dollars; in advance, postage paid,
Single subscriptions to either work, Three Dollars.
No. 100 Walnut street, Philadelphia.
Dec. 30, 1835.



The Franklin Fire Insurance Com-
pany of Philadelphia,
C ONTINUES to make permanent or limited
insurance against Loss or Damage by Fire, in
Town or Country, on Houses, Barns, Mills, Manu-
factories, Stores and other Buildings, and on Goods,
Furniture, Merchandize and Agricultural Products,
at very reduced premiums.
Application may be made at the office No. 1631
Chesnut street, nearly opposite the United States
Bank, either personally or by letter addressed to
March 11, 1835.--1 yr.
Persons in the neighborhood wishing informa-
tion on the subject of Insurance, will apply to Alan
W. Corson of Whitemarsh township, Montgomery

E1n ,-*M Am*&9 .fta IswAMp,1*fwj es 9

O N Saturday, the 91st of March, will be issued
the third volume of the New Yorker; and
the publishers trust this early announcement will
attract the seasonable attention of all those who
may choose to commence their subscriptions at
that time.
The New Yorker will continue to preserve the
general character which has thus far secured it an
approval and popularity commensurate with its
circulation, and a steady and rapidly increasing
patronage. The peculiarities of its plan were a-
dopted after much reflection; and we have not
learned that its prominent features have failed in
a single point to receive the approbation of its
patrons and the public. The paper will continue
to be arranged upon the following principles:
1. Literary Department.-Embracing the whole
outer form of the paper, and presenting twelve am-
ple columns of original and selected Tales, Essays,
Poems, Reviews of new publications, Anecdotes,
&c. &c. The original contributions to this depart-
are regularly paid for; and in addition to the many
writers who have favored us with articles during
the past year, and whose Essays will continue to
enrich our columns, we have the promise of as-
sistance from others whose names are already well
known to their countrymen. We do not parade
these names as is the fashion of some; but we con-
fidently appeal to the experience of the past year
as affording an earnest of our zealous, untiring, and
we trust not altogether unsuccessful exertions to
render the literary character of the New Yorker
inferior to that of no journal of this class in this
cour try.
II. Political Intelligence.-In this department
alone does the New Yorker present an anomaly in
the history of the newspaper press of the Union.
Our plan embraces the collection of every import-
ant item of political intelligence, whatever be its
character and bearing, in the language of historical
record, and with the strictest regard to the preser-
vation of an unquestioned neutrality between the
contending parties, opinions and sectional divisions
existing in the country. The Editor refers with
proud satisfaction to the fact, that throughout the
past year, he has presented a minute and circum-
stantial account of all elections which have taken
place in the several states, during an eminently ar-
dent and excited canvass,without once incurring the
censure or even the exception of any political jour-
nal. And while he reserves to himself the right of
commenting briefly but freely on the topics of the
day, and of offering such suggestions as the aspect
of the times may seem to justify, he yet holds him-
self pledged that such remarks shall not interfere,
in any material degree, with the views, the doctrins
or the prospects of any political ;party. He cher-
ishes the confident expectation that the files of the
New Yorker will hereafter be referred to for the
truth of any controverted statement regarding elec-
tions, &c. since its establishment, with mutual de-
ference, and with full conviction of certainty.
III. General Intelligence.-Consisting of Foreign
and Domestic News, Literary Items, Statistics,
brief notices of the Drama, &c.
However it may be the fortune of others to ob-
tain the confidence and patronage of the public, on
the credit of prospective improvements and future
excellence, the publishers are content to rest their
claims to public consideration distinctly on what
they have already accomplished, and respectfully
invite the patrons of American Literature to exam-
ine their journal, and judge what it will be from
what it is.
When it is considered that no periodical of like
character for originality and variety of literary
contents, comprehensiveness of plan, and the a-
mount of matter weekly presented, has ever been
attempted in this country at a less price than three
to five dollars per annum, the publishers trust they
will not be deemed presumptuous in expressing the
hope that their journal will attract the attention,
even if it should not secure the favor, of the pa-
trons of American Literature.
Office No. 20, Nassau street, New York.

The New Yorker will be published every Satur-
day morning on a large imperial sheet of the best
quality, and afforded to patrons in city or country,
at Two Dollars per annum, payable in advance.-
The experience of the past year admonishes us to
regard the advance payment from distant subscrib-
ers, as an indispensable condition. When, from
peculiar circumstances, payment is delayed till the
expiration of the quarter, fifty cents will be added.
Any person remitting ten dollars free of charge to
us, shall receive six copies for one year, and in the
same proportion for a large number.
Booksellers, Postmasters, and others, are respect-
fully requested to interest themselves in our behalf,
vi ith the assurance that the best possible terms will
be afforded them.
Dec. 30, 1835.

The subscriber offers at Private Sale,
ITUATE in Abington township, Montgomery
county, about 14 miles from Philadelphia, 1
from Willow-Grove, 2 miles from Hatborough, and
3 from Horsham Meeting House, adjoining lands
of William Homer,' Joseph Hallowell, and otUcr
lands of the subscriber;
Containing about 87 acres,
12 of which are handsome
the remainder arable, in a good state of cultivation,
and divided into convenient fields with water in
all of them.'
n ,The improvements are a large two
.. i story stone house, with four rooms on
S sI a floor, and cellar under the whole,
large stone barn, stone wagon house,
stone hog pen with corn loft over it, a well of water
near the door with milk house adjoining, an excel-
lent orchard, principally grafted fruit in the prime
of bearing, and a number of other fruit trees.
The above property is situated in a good neigh-
borhood, convenient to mills, schools, places of
public worship, &c.
Persons desirous of purchasing can view the pro-
perty by applying to John Stump, on the premises,
or the subscriber, near the same.

Nov.25, 1835.

To Hunters, Gunners and Fish-
THE undersigned farmers in the township of
Norriton, in the county of Montgomery, hereby
forbid Hunters, Gunners and Fishermen, from
trespassing on their premises, without permission
from the owner or occupier. All such persons
will be dealt with agreeably to the law for such

Prospectus of two new Volumes for 1836.
T HREE years have now elapsed sined the pro-
prietor of Waldie's Select Circulating Library
laid before the public his original prospectus for a
valuable library, the great features of which were
cheapness, and the facility of a rapid transportation
by mail. The most ample success has attended
the enterprise, and the effects upon the reading
community, it is believed has been wholesome.
The fourth year will commence on the first Tues-
day of January, 1836, at which period it will be
necessary to determine the additional amount of
copies to be printed, subscriptions being taken only
from January of each year. The entire success of
the Library is the best guarantee that can be given
of its continuance. It was the first to supply books
by mail at a mere per centage of their former cost;
it has outlived more than thirty puerile attempts at
imitation, and has now an extensive list of patrons
who are of the most solid and valuable class of
citizens in every part of the Union, as well as irv
foreign countries.
The object of Waldie's Library, its use and pur-
pose, is enjoyment, liberal and intellectual. To all
who love a mental banquet, without being compel-
led to depend on places of public resort, this publi-
cation furnishes a most valuable desideratum, sup-
plying polite literature of a character to enlarge
and improve the mind. The time and attention of'
the editor, himself a reader by inclination as well as
duty, are devoted to the procurement of works of
an elevated standard of intellect which may be ad-
mitted into every family without hesitation by the
most fastidious, and become a rallying point for all
its members, promoting social belles lettres reading
and conversation. The variety thus collected from
the whole mass of published works, mostly new,
embraces Biography, Novels, Voyages-and Travels,
Sketches, Tales, and Select History, personal me-
moirs of extraordinary individuals, and curious
adventure, &c. &c. An amount equal to fifty Lon-
don duodecimo volumes is thus annually furnished
in weekly numbers, at a cost only equal to one of
the London works. The plan thus embraces the
whole range of popular literature, and the work
has now become so universally diffused in every
part of the Union as to form no inconsiderable por-
tion of the literature of the country, and with which
an acquaintance has' become really necessary for
those who mix in society.
The Library as now conducted disseminate&
books to all parts of the country in from five to six
weeks after their issue in London. Five dollars
per annum expended in this way will supply good
reading for a whole circle or family ; for a cent and
a half a day, postage included, a duodecimo book
is sent every week, making in the course of the
year more than three volumes of Rees's Cyclope-
dia. One volume of the Library, containing from
fifteen to twenty entire works, can be bound at an
expense little exceeding that of binding either separ-
ately, and constitutes a concentrated collection
forming a never failing source of amusement and
instruction, and which must always be worth the
price that has been paid for it. The most ample
testimony has been spontaneously afforded that
this work has contributed to the pleasure of thou-
sands, who, but for the resource it afforded, mus.
have been left with minds unoccupied, or thrown
into unprofitable and uncongenial society. The
immense supply of periodical reading has thus been
welcomed every where as a means of improve-
ment, and a substitute for the small talk or idle
listlessness so apt to employ a large portion of the
time of the many.
Waldie's Library is published every Tuesday,
accompanied by a cover of four quarto pages, en-
titled, the Journal of Belles Letters, containing
reviews of new books, literary intelligence of all
kinds, tales, lists of new books, &c., thus combining
the advantages of a Library, and the amusement
of a magazine and newspaper; the whole for $5 00
per annum, or clubs of five individuals obtain five
copies for $20 00, a reduction which pays the pos-
tage. Payment always in advance.

Waldie's Port Folio and Companion
to the Library.
This periodical contains half as much matter as
the Library, at half its price, or both are furnished
to clubs of five for $6 00. Its contents consist of a
reprint ofthe best matter from the London Magazines
and Reviews, more especially Chambers's Edinburg
Journal. Its object is popular instruction and
amusement, combined in such a manner as to enlist
the feelings of every member of the social circle.-
It enjoys an extensive circulation; price to single
subscribers not taking the Library, $2 50, postage
A very limited number of complete sets of Libra-
ry and Port Folio, at the original subscription price,
may be had for a short period. The Library has
been published three years and the Port Folio one;
an individual may now form a club by himself, and
by paying for the past three years and volumes for
1836 of the Library, and the Port Folio for 1835
and 1836, the whole can be had for $20 00. For
this an amount of matter may be procured which
public approbation has stamped as (truly valuable

and unique of its kind. This privilege must,
however, be of brief continuance.
Address, post paid, ADAM WALDIE,
Seventh, two doors below south of Chesnut street
Dec. 2, 1835.

Pennsylvania Telegraph.
TO every citizen of Pennsylvania, the proceed-
ings of the Legislature grow yearly more in-
teresting and important; but the ensuing session
promises to be one of greatly increased interest.
A new administration will come into power, "fresh
from the ranks of the People," pledged to a
thorough reform of the abuses and corruptions of
every department of the Government. The new
Governor is to^ Be inaugurated. His policy and
principles unfolded and carried out into practice.
His councillors to be chosen; his appointments to
be made; and his whole administration to be form-
ed. The subjects that will come before the Legis-
lature will cause investigations, discussions and
acts of the highest interest to all.
The Editor of the Telegraph for seven years,
has been a zealous supporter of the Governor elec-
for the office to which the people have triumphant-
ly called him. He has also been a no less zeal-
ous advocate of thorough reform in every depart-
ment of the government; and having the fullest
confidence that the wishes of the people will be
thoroughly carried out in this respect, he will take
pleasure in sustaining the administration of Joseph
Ritner and the principles on which he was elected.
The Telegraph will also give full, impartial and
early intelligence of the proceedings of both bran-
ches of the Legislature, including the reports and
debates on all questions of interest, taken by com-
petent Reporters. And every effort will be made
to do justice to all parties, and to render it worthy
of the continued confidence and support which has
been so liberally extended to it by an intelligent
public. It will also contain a portion of Congres-