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 Material Information
Title: The New-Yorker
Uniform Title: New-Yorker (New York, N.Y. 1836)
Alternate title: New Yorker
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: H. Greeley & Co.
Place of Publication: New York N.Y
Creation Date: January 14, 1837
Publication Date: 1836-1841
Frequency: weekly
regular
Edition: Quarto ed.
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- New York (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- New York County (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- New York -- New York
Coordinates: 40.716667 x -74 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Fox, L.J. New York City Newspapers, 1820-1850
Additional Physical Form: Available on microfilm from University Microfilms (American periodical series: 1800-1850).
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Mar. 26, 1836)-v. 11, no. 26 (Sept. 11, 1841).
Numbering Peculiarities: Issues for Sept. 24, 1836-Sept. 11, 1941 called also whole no. 27-whole no. 286.
Numbering Peculiarities: Pages numbered consecutively in each volume.
General Note: Previously classed as a periodical in LC.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01588060
lccn - sn 86091368
System ID: UF00073673:00002
 Related Items
Related Items: New-Yorker (New York, N.Y. : 1834)
Succeeded by: New-Yorker (New York, N.Y. : 1834)
Succeeded by: New-York weekly tribune

Full Text














BY II. GREELEY & CO. OFFICE 127 NASSAU-STREET. THREE DOLL. iAf. PER ANNUM.

VOL. II. NO. 17. NEW-VORK, SA.T'URDA' EVENING, JANTUARAY 14, 1837. WF'ROIE NO. 43.


For the New-Y o ker.
THE SHADE OF THEODOSIUS.
Constans II. retained a jealous tear, lest the people Should one day
invade the right of primogeniture, and seat his brother on an equal
throne. By the imposition of holy orders thegrandson of Herauctus
was disqualified for the purple ; but tile ceremony was insufficient to
appease the suspicions of the tyrant; and the death of Theodoiuns
could not expiate the crime ofrhis royal birth. His murder was aves-
ged by tie imprecations of tIke people, and tile assassin went into
voluntary exile. Tile remorse of his conscience created a phantom
who pursued him, by day and by night; and the visionary Theodo-
sins presenting to his lips a cup of'blood said, or seemitd to say,
'Drink, brother, drink.' Gibbon's Decline and 1Fall.
FRao his pale brow the diadem he tore,
And, with a look of fear expressive, then
Aside the purple robe of Empire flung.
The watchful sentry of the palace gave
No warning sign of danger lurking near,
And visible was nought that could awake
Within the bosom of a timid child
One thrill of dread. As if communing with
Unearthly forms, the Ruler of proud Rome
Like some enchanter, wildly gazing, stood
Pale and affrighted by his own creations.
The start convulsive, and the trembling frame,
Bespoke the fearful tempest of the soul;
And oft his throbbing brow he fiercely smote,
For Memory was working madness there
In his own shadow breathing life he saw,
And the soft music of the summer winds,
Which like a spirit through the lattice stole,
Gave to his hollow cheek a deadlier hue,
Hlis long, loose locks wvere permanently gray,
And gone for ever was the bearing high
Which those invested with.stern power'befits.
I-e al, at length, .i, b.; at.h. lips
Tlih'I isui, fi.I secret c)al.J a,... .-n.i. r guard,
In the wild tones of agony and guilt:

"Grim Pl'*ntuu ,il n.y. 1,,ht--
To ime ,xi:.rnd not that appallit: ,bowl!
Its crirmas. : .si[,. :ut, .: ,teSIt mual ay sorfl

,lilfl;.s.,iu t s-.,il.- upr., [ I L,. lic, ,lp .i,,
', ..-"- .5.s iI ,.m.ullo i. ii iiv ,t,.',p .II 5,:i .

W ilt [lu. ,.- fll'f it 4 .. e1, '" -
Still fix .i nt .: iy [ idlJ, ici, ir. : pi -Z ,
And to 11ti hipa i' ai tl Ih- ,halr'.: Ius-'r=
1\\ Ilh ,la.i1,l A: i S: s n ulsd s ,-( :'
Depart, depart, thou wan, unbiddentguest.
And with the secrets of the charnel, rest!
its.
When mingling with the gay,
Thy presence chills the life-drops in each vein,
And thou art with me on the tented plain
SWhen hosts my nod obey:.
Thy presence chases slumber from mine eye
When night in sable robes the earth and sky.
IV.
1inseen by other men,
Thloflrt my pale attendant in the halls'
Whesring with song and merriment the walls-
Wh jd thou art with me when
Poor, uciing vassals gather in the street,
Anrd t l anI fall in hoinage at my feet.

U n ailistaht shore,
Ac roe thiA" .Ji \.-v "1si .1i at .s blue,
it a111, iLtaSl ..i."1sl ol.,i.hl d I a shouldd view

Clad II, the si r t,.iii: 1 i l l Ii.-- .i, I. ss grave
'I aio sc. i.il i.at .. sill ss1 'eSr tlhe wave.

.A h nc, I l., .. .l
'lh.:. n i ts.. il ',1 '. r. i. I m y ride
TJlr.,U I I lle I. ,',,1 ... .. I l .i dome of pride,
t 'r,g l. jl .i,, i .
O il I t. h,'ld t i u' ..... rl..lor t
I' hI glJd[r.; ) at 1i.t. rl ...e.. k ..: hic.,

Leare rj,- o .,ur .ilr.re:
IMy kni l' un-g ac., hl, pi.t'I,- from thy veins,
Tbh.ough tilar LtirI H .isuLld iu k.- away the reins


Of empire from mine own ;
I could not bear t... d ..:n I- .... thy brow
Would wear the crowiv I cast far ftiom me now.

The shroud that wraps thy form
IMoves not when winds are. sporting with my locks,
And thy tall, ghastly figure likewise mucks
The fury of the storm.;,-,
I have beheld thee standilig on the wave
As if the chainless rovpr was tbiy slave.
IX.

Suppress those hollow sighs!
And let thy brow a milder aspect wear;
My stout frame withers in the fiendish glare
Of those dark, searching eyes-
Recall once more the rose-flunsh to thy cheek,
And in the sweet tones of forgiveness speak.
x.
"Drink,.royal brother, drink !"
Is thy sole answer, while the gory chalice
Recalls a deed of blood in miy own palace-
This wasting form will sink
Ere long, unblighted by the frost of Time,
Beneath the weight of agony and crime.
XI.
Oh, brandish not the steel
That won for me the name of Fratricidle,'
But throw away that weapon redly dyed.-
Dizzy and faint I feel!
Halh! flesliless arms imy reeling form uphold-
Loose, loose me, Brother, for thy grasp is cold!
Of what avail ar, .:...i.,i.ii :: -.i -i ;.
T hat light the I ..i .:.: ..I ,i,,i.._ guilt!
.On scorching brain and heart there is a wormn
That darkly feeds until the tongue at last
Proves traitor to the secret, and proclaims
The horrid truth :-that worm is keen Remorse!
Avon, N.Y. Dec. 1836. W. H. C. IHOSilERi.
For the New-Yorker.
GLEANINGS' OF TRAVEL.-No. V.
.DAYS IN PARI.S-OBBLl'- r. -U:.:.
Nii DIv i 1 l-,e iiorlnitg. was .-i ...... i ,, 1 .iIli, ,i

I l l _,., .I l;ih .... il ... C. l ..... ,, |. r .. I .. Il. ,:, ':
: rIF, in, regard'to Ii.,' i ..'',: of casting off the shackles :.1,
rht d,.I.-i l. i n iii... i, .j -J. and dreams, and! encounter-
ing v i. it l.....rai 1' tI I ..:. labors of the toilet. Thanks
to pristine habits,"their impressions finally prevailed, and we
made a.descent Iromt the apartments of our hotel, to court
the refreshing virtues of a dtjefiner d lt fourichtte at one of
the splendid cafs opposite the Garlden of the Tuileries ;
and at an hour which, however it might have shocked you,
would not have shamed the bust court days of Lounis the
Great.
Our wine was not finished without interruption. The rich
music of the Royal Band fell lpoen our ears with all the mrel-
I, ,...J ,, ,i-.. of distance- its strength gradually increas-
'id rill, Lreaking forth in the full force of well con-
,.cii,. I huiji..ri, as the performers marched before our atten-
.: yj,-; i Ihs.., came the rattling and discordant peals of
the brazen drums, followed by the red-pantalooned and ex-.
ceedingly well disciplined infantry of the Citizen King.-
This seemed the signal for the multitude,-and thousands
weie seen flocking in the direction of the Place of the Revo-
lution. We were inrnediately reminded of the intentions
of the day-the'erection of the famous Obelisk of Luxor-
and made our way to oue of tihu commanding terraces of tihe
'I uilerics, which overlooked the scene of action. Here we
met many of our mutual friends from New-York ; and how-
ever delightful the recogiiltion, it seei dil not a little singular
that so im'any acquaintances, guided by different nimotives,
making dili.riiit s. i '.-, and having different places of des-
tiiation, should by accident form an American party in the
gayest metropolis of the world, and.participate in the same
object of visual gratification.
The inlit o.f ,his rincum.tuerlnt i s quite brief. The research-


es of the famous antiquarian Champollion discovered two
obelisks of rose granite near the .11. of Luxor, which, ac-
cording to tradition, were erected t'.r-.: I..... *.. ,. c 3.:*,
at one of the gates of Thebes. In 1- .;:, 1 i l..:.ir,- .h. Ac.:-
ry of Egypt, presented those monuments to.the King of the
French. It concerned at once the national pride that they-
should be placed upon French soil; and in .,:.. tsc, :.:, Mr.
Lebas, engineer, was selec,.ed to effect their removal to
France. After meeting with'numerous obstacles, Lebas con-
cluded it fvould be impossible to transport more than one at
present, and therefore made. choice of the obelisk esteemed.
most valuable by Champollion, who had decyphered the hie-
roglyphics of both, and found those of the present were de-
signed to perpetuate all the memorable events in the life of
the great Sesostris. The fertile ingenuity of Lebas was
fully and successfully exercised in debasing the monument
to a horizontal position, in transporting it to a suitable ves-
sel, in floating it down the Nile, in conveying to Toulon and
finally placing it upon the bank of the Seine,-near the place
of its designed erection.
The arrangements for the erection were perfected yester-
day. They consisted of ,a granite pedestal seventeen feet
high, from one side of which Lebas had caused to be built a
solid terrace of masonry, gradually descending toward tho
Seine, and upon which, by the powerful agency of :.-, -. aind
capstans, the monument.was drawn up on one of its sides,
until one of the angles of its base .' J.s i, I .:. .:.,:-! .d
with one of the summit of -i, ,.': o.' ,. rli, i ., .:r.
of an interposing grooved piece of wood, intended to prevent
any fracture of the stoite. .Ti up..l lar i-, ive beams of
wood, on either side of lih I)rr.uijn,. were ingeniously ar-
ranged below, that by the it. .i. II.:. I ..-. E .. ..',ng;
to the will of the engineer in a sock., *. hI... I I, Il,:i ur.,i.
above, they served as a fulcrum for -..irr .: ..."::, *"iic c :-
i .t,,!;. of which was attached to t, ... n.n..... r ...i i : i ,:.,.u-
i .rs '. the other to tenrcapstans of th. .:.':..- ;,i,:, n r ,J
ssnitdr d ...J I l.. l,. .rl.. .:.. 'il r ."e- I' '.b ..

oI, h ", t i..." ,,, -, 1,. I..:: ... rt: w

elated w ith t .i ,.. l. .ol-, .:i,- I.1 ri,.u ,..-it.'r e] -i I --
ments were not regulated by-sufficient prudence, and they
displaced a part of the scaffolding, by which several persons
were wounded and a poor itinerant merchant i.-r -i i. killed
-his life seemingly devoted as a sacrifice to 1..: I, L da 's
celebration, of the Obelisk of Luxor!
The trial was resumed to-day, and nothing was spared
which might contribute to give the affair full eclat. The ar- -
tillerymen recommended their labors-the monument was
elevated slowly and majestically-and at the conclusion of
the fifth hour, the shouts of the people, the discharge of ar-
tillery, and the tri-colored banner floating above, proclaimed
that the obelisk of Egypt had now become the obelisk of
France !
The simplicity of the apparatus, the immense power it
commands, and its construction according to the strict laws
of mechanical science, have elicited, from those who are
qualified to judge, the highest encomiums upon the ingenuity
and talent of M. Lebas. The monument of St. Peter, erect-
cd. by Fontana. h:as been adduced comparatively in evidence.
Fontana employed fifty capstans, one hundred and forty hor-
ses, and nine hundred men : Lebas used ten capstans and
three hundred men. M. Lebas has won good opinion every
where, and the hIbade of the Legion of Honor from his King.
The altitude of the Obelisk of Luxor is, exclusive of the pe-
destal, seventy one feet, and its average thickness seven feet.
To the antiquarian, whether a Frenchman or foreigner,
the erection of such a veritable relic of oldest time, and the
placing it within the :.....s of his personal observation, must
must be the source of unqualified pleasure and perhaps en-
thusiasm. Yet I doubt extremely whether any other city in








5S8 THE NEW-YORKER.


the world, except Paris, would pour out one-fifth of its en-
tire population-two hundred thousand -to witness the erec-
- tion of all the monuments ever constructed, even including
the pyramids of Egypt. The English, would not, the Ame-
ricans would not, for the pure love of science ; and if the
elevation of such a monuments had been demanded in either
country, it would have been effActed without public parade,
probably in perfect quietude, whatever the sum of ingennity
or talent required. The incentive be what it may in Paris,
I believe it to have been the feasting on the idea that /a belle
France-the people-has reared from amid the decay of na-
tions an imperishable register of a powerful dynasty-inade
known by the learning of her Champollioni-accomplished
by a lavish expenditure of her money --a trophy of national
lore-a trophy of national generosity. I shall not forget the
varied and brilliant spectacle the day presented, whether
right or wrong in opinion, and shall always esteem the inte-
rest apparently felt as highly creditable to the nation.
Our party stood upon a noble terrace. The Place of the
Revolution, also called la Place de la Concorde, was directly
before us, and in its centre thie object of the day's attraction
was visible-the obelisk, gradually rising amid the busy
throng that managed it. Sell around was teeming with life,
- whether the eye rested on the Place, tha terraces, the win-
dows, or house-tops. Over two hundred thousand souls,
gentlemen and ladies, were arrayed in the robbery of fashion,
and were witnesses of the day's achievement. The splendid
palace of the Admiralty lay upont our right, its long balcony
lined with the ladies of the court,-and of its wings, de-
corated with blue drapery, contained the royal family. The
Keirg came forward and bowed to the multitude, and Vive
Ir. /r.' was heard for a moment, but not with that vigorous
note that denotes a sound state of the public feeling. At
intervals, the Royal Band, stationed beneath, added a de-
lightful variety, by performing some of the choicest produc-
tions of musical masters in an admirable manner. All were
ga,, seemingly happy,-and after the plaudits of thousands
had complimented the successful issue of the exertions of
Lebas, the immense throng passed away as quietly as from
ia church. Would this be the case in other countries ?
I love to mingle with the crowd-I love to study the ele-
ments of human character-I love. to hear people speak,
when caution is at rest.,.and the words come from the heart
I missed not the present occasion to learn the sentiments of
.the people in regard to the Obelisk. A few examples will
suffice, however at variance with the majority :
A pale-faced man, with an acuminated visage and intellec-
tual features, stood near me. He was speaking to himself,
and his dark eyes fished fire as he apostrophized the object
of his adoration. All the flaming epithets of an ordinary vo-
cabulary would not have answered for his enthusiasm. If it
had been an idol, he would have worshipped it. He was an
antiquarian.
Another was of Germany. IH- had travelled, and mangled
the English language. What is all this about I To bring
an old stone, three thousand years of age, fro;n Egypt, is i .
culous The French are the stupidest of all people !" ,.
Another was a Frenchman. He was young and full of
wrath: L'Obelisque du Lougsor it is indeed a grand
monument, but how infamous to locate it here!' lIs not .hil
the place where Louis XVI. was sacrificed to the just indig.
nation of the people ? Is not this the place which has deri-
ved its name from the grand revolution that has given FlrancI
its liberty and its prosperity ? And are iiot these tineis to
be yielded up to that of the usurping stonc-to the Place oJ
the Obelisk ?"
But these opinions are as chaff, as to influencing a change.
This splendid specimen of aniquity is raised in the miosi
conspicuous square of Palis ; and its four sides command.
in their respective directions, the iiost mliposing aid beauti-
ful monuments of the city- the placui o! lljc Tnilei ie,-tht
grand triumphal arch of Napoleii-tlie Chamber of Depu-
ties, with its bridge of statues-and -the Magdalen, one of
the most magnificent churches in Europe. It is true that
from the walk of the Tuileries, the beautiful proportions of
the triumphal arch are interfered with by the obstruction of
the Obelisk, and I, personally, would have placed it rl:, -
where., But as. was born in a republican country, where


they speak of abiding by the decrees of the majority, I think
it well for nme to make a virtue of necessity and adopt the


opinion here.


Octlubr 25, 136.


NAPOLEON II.
Last evening there was a fermentalion within the parlieus
of the court, and the King and his Ministers were in close
conference the entire night. The donenouement of this riorn-
ing presents us with an attempted revolution in Strasbourg,
the leader of which was a nephew of Napoleon, and son of
the ci devant King of Holland -Louis Bonaparte. This
voung Prince had already made his-career somewhat con-
spicuous. Having received a military education in Switzer-
land, lie soon became an ardent partisan in the Italian insur-
rection at Romagna in l183i. Compelled to escape, he en-
dleavored to gain admittance to the French army without
success. He-In was then iivited to a commit and in the Polish
army, but the fill of Warsaw extinguished the hopes of Po-
land, and checked his military progress. Rcmainint- in
Switzerland, Ihe publication of two military works procured
him a reputation, by which he was appointed captain of artil-
lery, and complimented with the honorary distinction of
Citizen of the Swiss Republic.
This is the Prince who has now made on effort to ascend
the thione of France. He is an unfortunate and practical
illustration of the infatuation that may seize and imisguide a
good natural capacity and involve its possessor in an irreme-
diable difficulty. Perhaps he was deluded by the erroneous
information of inseidiou- foes, perchance parasites of the pre-
sent dynasty, who suspected, lured, and prepared to pounce
ike vultures upon their unsuspecting victim. Perhaps he
was wrapt in the reveries of an exalted imagination, that had
supplanted the exercise of sound judgment, and only painted
over-wrought pictures of the pomp and circums ance and
brilliant days of the Empire. I suspect most strongly tIle
former was the fact. Yet, in the excitement of the present
moment., no contingency can avail ; and the conduct of
young Bonaparte must give him the reputation of having de-
signed a plot in gross ignorance-of advancitig it in stupid
folly-of presuming to achieve it in frantic madness. He
emulated the glory of Napoleon the Great,-an.d fancied
that in representing that mighty name, the knee of adulation
would be bent throughout France. Even thus should the
pale Moon aspire to the splendor of the Sun, and presume to
d;'-irihutc its light and heat throughout the vast world it
overlooks The, delusion has passed away, and France will
never recogiiz.zo bt o iitNapolcon.
On the morning of the 30th October, Prince Bonaparte
was attired it a military dress similar to that of the Emperor
Napoleon--tlie small hat, green coat, and high boots-and
wore the decorations of his imperial mucle. A. few ofliceis
of the iiil. ,, fby previous concert, had been seduced from
their allegiance to Louis Philippe, and with reckless or doe-
mented coinage were prepared to depend upon the hazard of
the die. The principal of these were Commiandant Parquin
ind Colonel Vaiidrey, who attended the Prince to the artil-
lery barracks, where Col. Vaudrey made an iinnedtate ap-
peal to the soldiers passing inspection, and urged them, by
ur'es of money and recollections of the former splendid mili-
lary carter of France, to adopt a new sovereign fromnt a fai-
ily whovi na; e was identified with her glory. He conclu-
ded-"Paris has brokei from her thraldomi-a new revolu-
Lion has deposed the Ki: '.--itnd France has again anl Empe-
ror t I present to you N.ipouC.on If !'" A part of the sol-
diers became excited, and returned a vigorous response,
Vice Napoleon .I!-Vive l'Empercuir !"
With the few adherents Ihey had obtained, the parties iim-
idioitately divided, and by rapid movements succeeded in
placing Prelecl. CGlppiii i'Arnoiv'ille under arrest in his Proe-
lectire, and i,u:la. tim. Voirtl, Military Comniiinmdant of
NLtrashourg, in hits quarlt rs. They united and proceeded di-
reclty to the barrncks o tlihe. 40-h regiment of the line, and
tile Prince \eas er;de( onrig !o hmarangu then, when the aid-
dc-camp of (icn. Voiral, VI. dc Franlqut\ille, arrived, and by'
thie most energetic conduct stripped the Prince of .- J':...-
rations, traminpled them under foot, and in a few ni.:,,.:-r had
the whole band of revolutionists under guard; In the inte-
rim, Gen. Voiral and the Prefect had succeeded i. pf. .-I. .-
a.;, he soldiers placed to guard them that there had been no
revolution in Paris, and they would best consult their inte-


rests by returning to their former allegiance. They left their
different quarters, and arrived at the barracks in time to wit-
ness the summary conclusion of the affair by Franqueville,
and to devise measures which should re-establish the peace
of 4,, i..., and for ever extinguish the hopes of the Napo-
lconists.
How stupid this attempt must appear With the excep-
tion of the few officers I have alluded to, there had been appa-
rently no correspondence, no concert of action. The people
of Strasburg were taken by surprise, and gazed with aston-
ishient as the Prince passed through their streets, and they
echoed .not the cry of the soldiery, Vive l'Eimpereur !"-
Tliere is but one plausible explanation-that the expression
of popular feeling in France had been misrepresented to him,
and that. he dreamed of the return from Elba, when the glory
of conquest was fresh in the memory of soldiery and people,
and an extraordinary man stood before them,
'Lord of the lion heart and eagle eye!'
Young Napoleon has preserved the most calm and digni-
fied deportment since his arrest, which was only effected by
overpowering and unequal force, and has not in any w ay im-
plicated a single individual, up to present information. The
affair has produced astonishment in Paris, without much
commotion-the principal noise being made by the journals,
which are now favored with ample food for speculations.-
Some surmise that the plot has extensive ramifications-that
it has been concocted in Switzerland, and is directly.con-
nected with the present difficulties between the two coun-
tries. Others have attributed its origin to the Ex-Queen of
Naples, who is at present residing in Paris, by the special
permission of the government, and who, it has been rutored,
has been put under the protection of a military guard. The
latter is not true. GERALD.
Paris, Nov. 2,18 5.

For the New-Yorker.
TWILIGHT.
THERE is an Iour-a lonely hour-'tis the hour of parting day,
When in tie Weat th osunbehams bright in darkniiss nelt away,
Wlhen tihe sombre shades of night approach to darken all below,
And tie spirit's gentle voice is heard in accents soft and low,
ihen the ttluy world its labors case and nature all is still, [will.
Nor sound is heard save the plaintive note of the evening whippoor-
Ohl! this is sure a lovely hior, 'tis dtie sweetest hour of day,
For 'tis then tlie heart is lighted up with pure Devotion's ray,
"'t ir then we love to sour biyould this wcury vale df tears
iito that world of perfect bliss where not a cloud appears. -
IT is then we luve to diaw abide the veil whieh long has cast
Oblivion on the happy years and pleasures that are past.
Blest be that hour, that twilight gihour, it speaks to me of years
'WhVen my heart in Childhood's early nmorin ne'erknew or grief or cares,
It speaks to me of the merry laugh and the burst of boyish glee,
And of days whose clhirius alone survive in fleeting eleSory.
It atpeaks to ie of sparktinig eyes-of features soft and gay,
And of friends in youth I fondly loved-but now oh hliere are they ?
Alas, some lie beneath the clods that deck the valley's breast,
And are s.tlumbering Death's peaceful sleep, laid in the grave at rest;
And others they are yet alive, and down Life's current glide. .
Yet fow of all I loved in youtth scarce oaie is lit ey side,'
For they are flrol sile distant hr-lnor even one appears,
Or face, or form, or soul I loved in Childhood's artless years. [power
Nought, nought on earth could conjure iup through Meinory'b magic
The Past-if 't were not for thy face-thou lovely twilight hifr-:-
0 welcome then, thou happy tinei, thou callest back the'years
WhenL the wheat of early illoceuce wais tot o'errin so \h tares.
Thiou calle-t back to life again the forms that in her spr:i ig
Were wornt upon this sinltess hurt Joy's sunshine gltad to fling.
0 welcome, happy hour, to ia1i no sweeterr tile is.givell
Thl:u t.hat which speaks of momenllts past in whisperings of ITIaven.
J. i. iD.
For the New-Yo ker.
*TItE KNIGITTS OF T'11E tRUEFUL VISAGES.
lFa/s,]:--o, i thou amend tiy fcr, .in Ii'll amend y aanler.
B .rtotp/t.-w\Vi, Sir J,hn, imy (w., does you n11 harlil! 5'luakspeare.
TA'Lt as people i t:y about good character, good sense,
g qod education, good br;eding-in short. good maiything,-
they seem generally to prefer good looks to all the rest.
Ask thle homely inan, w\ ihse nose, perchance, is at an-lln-
gle of sonte 100 with the nether portion of his visage,-
whose eyes are so sq inti.ing that lie can almost look around
his own head-whose cheek-bones seem frightened at the
ttter want of propriety evince by the unfortunate nose,
and show in consequence a desire to be off-and the rest
of' whoc features a!id proportions appear to have been
tossed together with a pitchfork-ask him, I say, which he
would prefer of all good qualities, had lie his choice, and










LIT ERATURE. 259


mark his answer. Ask the fop, or the person who -ihl :
himself handsome, or if you will, ask the ladies-and in
either case you will find the answer the same.
Aside from the estimation in which a good set of fea-
tures are generally held, (by their owners at least,) cases
might be related, in which a want of them prove highly
disadvantageous. Among such instances, the following
might be adduced :
A friend of mine, Samuel Swindal by name, has a
countenance which ought reasonably to free him from all
apprehensions of beiog hanged for his beauty.' With-
out entering into a minute description of his features, I
will merely mention two particulars. One is, a continual
sneering grin which ever rests upon his face; the olier, an
obliquity of his visual ray, and that so excessive, that every
stranger in the same apartment with him might reasona-
bly suppose that his eyes were directed to ards himself.
When i his company, I have often imagined that the fa-
mous Argus of old, who is reported to have had a hun-
dred eyes, might after all have had, like other creatures,
only two; but that those two were oblique in their opera-
tion, like those of Samuel Swindal. Dangers, as you
shall soon know, gentle reader, lurk in other eyes than
those of beauty, or even basilisks.
Travelling with him, some time since, through a distant
part of the country, by stage, we stopped over night at a
public house. The coach had been well filled with pas-'
sengers, and among them, I was astonished to behold one
who was at least a match for my friend Swindal in point
of personal attractions,-though his features were of an
entirely different stamp. This latter personage, I ob-
served, paid his addresses several times in the forepart of
the evening at the shrine of Bacchus, (otherwise termed,
the landlord's bar,) but I could not observe that it had at
the time any effect upon his brain. After our evening
meal we seated ourselves around a cheerful fire, and were
severally engaged either in conversation with our fellow-
travellers, or in smoking our cigars. For my own part,
while discussing the merits of the latter luxury, I was at
the same time employed in instituting a comparison be-
tween the respective merits of the two champions of ug-
liness who were before me. Naturally addicted to philo-
sophizing of every kind, the doctrines of Lavater are my
especial admiration.
Which of the worthy competitors would have borne off
the Hesperian apple in regard of his superior ugliness, I
cannot say, as my cogitations were at once interrupted by
a scowl of indignation arising upon the stranger's coun-
ten:.nce, fixed as it was, oddly enough as I thought at the
time, upon Swindal's. The aforesaid scowl was accon,
panied with vociferations of wrath, at what I could not
then comprehend. The attention of my worthy friend
Swindal, was at the time directed to some conversation in
a different part of the room ; while the stranger appeared
to grow more and more indignant, each moment, and at
length, as'he was about rising from his chair-evidently
with some bellicose design-I made my way towards him,
inquiring what offence my friend had committed, that
seemed to call forth such expressions of hostility?
"Offence?" said he, why look at the scoundrel!
he has been making his grimaces at me this half-hour!-
At first, I did not mind it so much ; but if you, sir, or he
either, imagine that I am to be made sport of in thllis man-
ner all night, I can tell you that you are both cursedly
mistaken !"
Without heeding, or perhaps hearing, my intended ex-
planation of the subject-for I saw at once the state ol
matters-he immediately crossed tile room to the place
where my friend was seated, and ere the latter was well
aware of his intentions, he found himself, chair and all,
tumbling on the floor. ihe invader, apparently nuable
to withstand the reaction of the impetus he had cominu-
nicated, completed the pyramid with his own proportions
For a moment there was enacted a delightful scene of
cuffing, swearing, thumping, &c., but the next, the two
combatants were separated, and they stood glaring defi-
ance at each other, while the rest of us endeavored to
bring them to reason, but they were even too excited to
listen to aught else than the promptings -of their own in-
digrnation,


Come out doors, you Caliban! I'll teach you to as-
sault me in this manner'!" exclaimed Swindal, as lie
marched out doors, followed by his antagonist, venting his
rage as he went along by means of oaths and other strong
expressions.'
Out they went-the night was dark-the streets were
muddy, and withal it rained. Some of the company left
their seats in order to go out and separate them a second
time, but their intentions were overruled by the remon-
strances of tie rest. Let them finish it themselves,"
said they,-" if they will go out in such a night as this to
exchange blows, there is no use- in trying to stop them,
'so long as they are out of our way don't let's meddlowith
them." For my part I had no fears for Swiudal, for, to
use a common expression. he was 'strong as a cart,' and
was an adept in the art of cufling. I knew that what I
could do, under the circumstances, would avail little, and
Solomon saith, Whoso meddleth with a quarrel that be-
longeth not to him, is like one that taketh a dog by the
ears." But as they did not return so soon as might have
bpen expected, I sallied foith with a lantern in search of
them, and soon found them at some distance from the
house, closely locked in each other's embrace, and almosel
buried in the clinging mud. The topmost one was de-
manding of the other, that he should ask his pardon before
the company for having insulted hiii, which the latter ill
a smothered voice swoie he would not do, unless the other
would do the same.
Finding that the united effects of ,imud and rain hadl
somewhat cooled their spirits, I conceived it a favorable
opportunity to settle the quarrel-though in one sense it
was already settled enough in all conscience!
You wish him to ask your pardon, then?" said I to
the conquering hero,' whom, as I had at first supposed, (
found to be Swiudal.
Yes, sir," was the answer; and by he shall do
it or choke to death in the nimud here, just as he pleases-"
Not as you knows on !" interrupted the uundarling, as
with an unexpected lurch he tumbled his foe into the soft
mud beside him, and found himself in his turn moving ina
the upper circle.
Now then!" said he, setting his teeth firmly together,
while the dethroned Swindal struggled fiercely but in
vain to free himself-" Now then, sir, it is my turn to
name the conditions of peace. What had I done to you,
you scoundrel! that induced you to make sport of me
before the company ?"
M" Make sport of you what in the name of common
sense led you to suppose so ?' answered S8-viudal, in ai
scarcely audible and somewhat humbled tone, filled as his
month was w.it.h the mixed elements of earth and water.
I chimed "in, Gentlemet), it is evident there is some
mistake here--but you will not come at it by lying there
in the mud,"-an a addressing the stranger, I pledged my-
self to convince him that Swindal intended no insult
towards him, if he would rglense him. To this lie finally
consented, and the more ...i!, a. Sz windal's increasies
struggles and his own fornwir situation reminded hii ol
the uncertainty of flute, and lie considered it better to re-
sign willingly than by compulsion. Once fairly on their
legs, I succeeded, though with some difficulty, to persiinle
Swindal's antagonist of the truth of thie cas,--hut ni,
sooner had I done so, than tie l.iicr, with a frankness i
had not otherwise given him credit for, advanced tow-ard,
my friend Sam, anid asking his pardon for his mistake, of-
fered to go through with the ceremony in public if lie
persisted in requiring it. But Swindal was a mai of a
frank and generous spirit as well as the other, and shaking
hands with him in a friendly mtianmer, -fused the offer.
As they stood opposite each oilier on ithe piazza, I coildl
not restrain ia hearty lit if laughter at their grotesque ap-
pearances-odd enough at anily tune, and now rendered
doiiubly so, hy their somewhat incoimely situation. Both
covered wihi mund from 'ied ito footi-one had lost hb. I ii
in the skirmish, the o;her his shoe :-one had his p .' i'
loons rent to tatters, while the shirt of the other hung in
ample strings over his coat, and the facings of his vest
were entirely torn off-but fortunately more mud was
gained tha.i blood shed on the occasion. Rendered con-
scious by my laughter of the utter ridiculousness of the


affair they had been engaged its, each slunk off, fearful of
observation, to his own room, not leaving them until the
next morning, when the whole company indulged in a
hearty laugh, and a bottle of Burgundy at their expense.
And I take it upon ane to say, that there was not a-more
sociable pair in the whole assortment of us, than Samuel
Swindal and hiis quondam antagonist while they remained
together.
Mark the effects of a squinting and backbiting visage !
We see in this case the striking effects produced by such
an appendage, upon a couple of well-meaning and wor-
thy men On the contrary, had the parties been such
villains as they at first imagined each other to be, what
the consequences might have been we will not take upon
uS to say. C.AL..
Athens, 'ein. 183r.
POEM BY JOHN QUINC Y ADAMS.
We have fr'-queuetfy mutl wili very exe.cilent lyrics by the distin-
guii-hed atuirio, ou tic ltillowing spirted poem ; but we miust be per-
mitted to i st tus downi ;f s i is iltchefld'a.uvre, Itis delightful to seet such,
a im;i as Mir. Aditm s reL-tllig floral lie ttiuritoil of' political warfare, to
ac.liter flowers in the pathwivay of private life. Ite is tiere meot by tihe
miiany, wiho, Im a ire elevated relation, are dwarfed by the distance,'
oti tie 'roiad ground of 'equality, aud society is beIefliitted by the same
individual in at twolb!d Inualluer. _' I .:i ....I..- 'lie severil.y with
wilich we halve eritieeC ,d ile tliOr .... '" -. hi ii of his muse, we
IeVe thi !uighe.t einliration or it. '. i Adurims, ald are
iuch iiIdebteii.d to tlie frindii wiho favored its with the alinexed article,
To fill thy page, beloved maid, [N. Y. Mirror.
Before me Faney's visions flit,
Three dainsels offer moe their aid,
Afl'ection-Vanity-and Wit.
Perplexed like Paris, lo-I stand;
Which to prefer, and which refiise-
HIow dread tlie task from mortal hand,
Between three goddesses to choose!
First Wit-a damsel pert and sly.
Ot both her rivals casts ait leer,
And beckoning with coquettish eye
Proflers her pen for glee and jeer.
Seduced by her enchanting smile
I take lier pen ill sportlive play-
'I' he gipsy hiughs at me the while,
And littering, snatches it away.
Nexi, Vanity assails my ears-
With simpering whisper soft and slow-
Taklie but ily pen-thie verse shill flow,"
Sihe seems to say-" so sweet, so clear,
Tlhat all who read will straight exclaim,
Hlow great a bard is lost to hope, 4_..
And buried beneath vulgar fame,
At least ain Ovid or a Pope!"
Deceivers! Vanity and Wit
No more your painted faces show!
Fame, Folly, Falsehood you may lit;
The verse on this page must be true.
If words, dear Elhln, could express,
The wishes in this heart tiabt g low,
Iow they would birn your life to biess,
AfJlctioll's pen alone can show

'T I E S P A It -H E A D.
[The following siagular riipsod-hil f essay, tliilf poem-is give ia
the lIbst I-'r ier' us ulfgaziie' ns a rlnstistlition of ean old Latid ulatiu-
'criplt in the library ofSti. Hicne's College, Camibridge, England. The
reader will perceive that it. as iunwas lo le about 800 years old. The
tr anillutor fears that hl may niot have preserved thle rude simplicity of
the ori- inal.]
'n '-'.......' i-., is sitting rresh and bright, in o.r old
ri.'st i '1 .i i ioowlhl, ;linl we im st 1go to the forge.
.\{ore than hilf ain iour since, E;arl Leofric and his tra:in
aroused ine in myhil His ladyEdilhan icompanied him,
with her lire-maidens :ind I .. aind his spearsmen ;aid
arch-lrs followed. It was ia I' sight to see lhelm I. 1-,
;igL ii, the early light amit g the green trees. She is rlair
to behold; and le, you know, is strong, and manly, and
brave. llandsonme are the faces of the girls, and lihe men
are of the flower of tie land. So it wa-s good to look up-
o1i them, whliie the echoes of thL wood ranlg with the chimk
of tliheir armor, the tramip ol their steed-., and thle merry
lnughiing of lth lady. ch-erily convertsing with her wo-
men The Earl came to ulhi me forge him two hundred
and fifty -pear-lieads before to-morrow noon, as they could
wait. no longer, amid her,; are we to do if. The fire is
blowing, the iron at hai.id, nd tihe, hbehoivs ready, arid in' -
thie lot-nhliness of thi lIorist f 'iThorney, we begin our ap-
poinit-d work. Batier wc the the n;d of the spear.
To whom it thi( s po'ir-head iiteiided to convey the
message of' dearll '- Perhaps lo muity. The piece of iron
over wthih we toil, may run through body after body, and
loose soln allir soil ioen the confining clay, as its point,
crimsoned with gore, passes, with vehement stroke,
through flesh and hon,'. Are we, 1hen, ministering to
slaughter? No more than the delving miner, who digged
the metal from the bowels of ea'rih. No more than hli
who framed the sledges we sIre wielding, or lie who set thi
acorn in the ground which grew into the oak, whose












branches are supplying us with fuel for the fire. We are,
. in ant unforbidden calling, doing the behests of the Earl
Leofric." That must suffice for us. And whose behests
is the Earl doing? If you asked him, lie would answer,
his own ;-and fle would give as answer the thing that is
not true. For, as s20 are, in this matter ofl spear-niakilig,
but instruments of his will, so is he, in the impulse which
made him give the order, bult an insiatuent of a power
which lies not in him to control. Yea! the hianner in
my hand, is nol more completely subservient to lie mo-t
tion of my wrist, than are lie anid all my men, snbservientt
to the motions oftheir minds, wilieci, when passion rides
over reason, renders then tools as powerless. He who
laid the ribs of iron in the mine or brougntt the towering
oak, in its strength and its.beauty, f'rolm the aeorn-He it
was who implanted those p-asion-, in thle Ifiind of 1,1n.-
If, then, of such arise tumult, and contest, atd war, well
knows He that they were the conseC tienices appointed for
reasons right; and, seeing mnolive as well as act, will judge
not as men jndge. But what is this to you, Beowiux f, and
ime. Batter we the head of tlie spear.
And into whose hand will the spear be first set? Per-
haps into that of a trained veteran, who will look upon it
with critical eye, but with utter indiriiieoice be ond it,
aptitude as an instrument of his trade. it may, however,
recall to his mind former days, when, will]h similar insiru-
meunts in his hand, he did brave deeds, aud won \ l hat is
called glory. Scenes of slaughter and joviality, of fahinie
and festival, of peril and victory, may flash across Ihis eyes.
There may arise before him tile woody mountain, or the
green plain oni which lie urged on the conquering attack,
or fled in the desperate retreat,. He sees the river which
he forded, the wall which he scaled, the towu which he
burnt. What sees le beside? lie sees, with ctrporeal
eye, thie young soldier standing by hiut, who for t i first
time has handled a weapon of war. The youth is glad-
some and elated: new thoughts, new aspirations are
swelling in his bosom. All be ., r him is bright and gol-
den.. The deeds which he is to do with that spear are to
open the career of honor, famie, and happiness. The foe
lies prostrate before him, the thronging hosts resound his
name, his countrymen call him to head them in light. If
his mind reverts to thle father and mother whom he has
left, it is to suggest, how he, now unknown, is to return
famous, making them glad amf .their sou. See, a gentler
emotion arises. Has he wooed and won ? Then will not
she be proud of her own brave lover, comiing to claims
her, before all the world, as his own. Have his eyes ga-
zed, in silent adoration, upon oue whom he dare not ad-
dress? Then does not his bosom swell when ihe thinks
that his gallant bearing, and his proud renown, will enable
'him to oIler himself as a fitting suitor for the hand of her
for whom he would set his life as a sacrifice. Hope is
welling in fuil tide through his heart; and the imaginary
stream glitters in fresher splendor as it flows along. Andi
leaning upon his lance, the ioug-trained soldier views the
glistening eye and glowing cheek of the youth, and, look-
ing into his heart, beholds all vwitlin. Litter is his smile
as hIe shakes his grisly locks; and, meditating on ill,t c-
reer, of his own lite, mnitter-,, Alas, poor boy, how tlihou
art deceived! But what is this to thee, Beowulf, or to me I
Batterwe the head of the spear.
And he for whom we are laboring, whither is h bound ?
I heard, last week, when at the guild of haunnermuen, iin
the neighboring city of London, that William the Nor-
man was sailing over the sea with a mighty host, and ia
banner blessed by the Pope himself; and that -Iarold, the
son of Godwin, was hastening through thie land of Kent,
to meet him, upon his arrival. Fierce will be tit, battle,
I doubt not: fur the battles of men of their blood have
ever been fierce, and the commanders are men of uin-
doulbted skill and valor. Thousands upon thousands of
men who will look upon the morning of the light will
never see morning more. To join Harold is Earl Leol'ric
proceeding; and it is fur the approaching battle we we are
bforging these spear-heads. The Earl has too often looked
upon death in various shapes to permit any unworthy fear
of that, our inevitable end, to trouble his courageous sous.
He well knows that, whether he follows the standard of"
Harold in the thickest part of the c.oalbat, or stays quietly
at home tilling the lands of his althter in case and peace,
he is equally destined to die. Plate and mail may keep
off sword and arrow ; but no armor has yet been forged
to resist feverand palsy. Biut bashe Itomingelse to fear?
Is Harold defeated, and William the Bastard seated on the
throne of the Confessor? The sway of the Saxons is
over, never to return; and Leofric, if he survives the
fight, survives it to be hunted down, wandering as a lauld-
less man despoiled of honors, of' titles, and of fitum; at
beggar where his sires were lords, and defendant upon
the charity of those upon whom now iet would scarcely
deign to look. Perhaps his lot may beo a dungeon or a
scaffold,-leaving his wife a prfy to poverty or dishonor
-his children, thralls-and his itouse blotted ont for ever.
If I were to say this to him tn ,w, I know that hie would
proudly reply, i'he battle is itn the hauds of the Lord, and
if He wills that we be defeated I peril the consequences.
But he thinks not that he has also to peril the consequen-
ces of victory. Should the hand of the Saxon be tlhe
stronger, and the knights of Normandy be driven into the


THE NEW-YORKERt

sea, and Harold rutlnr back triumphant, victorious lord of'
the seven kin:gdoims of Eingland, and that for the success
niis is mainly indebted to lthe banners of' Leolric, is the
,Earl secure ihat the prizes oC the victory will be his ? Let
hihiii he seencr o' the contrary. lie who does important
service is sowing seeds that will boat the de.a'lly Inight-
shade of ingratilide. ome laggard in war-some cow-
ard, who would f',nlt at theI drawing of' a sword-sonme
S. .... 1 parasite, unsfless in camp or council, but
p....I oin bovwer am i hallt,- to lni and such as lie,
wili lali the honors and enmoluments obtained by the valor
of tlhe soldier and the counsels of' the sage. A wiisp-r
frout Edith of the swan neck will plead inore eloquently
IhlnI a thosan gashes red ah rec on the baltle-field. Thatt
I"ing l-laroll, will do Illis I know not; nut I know such
tiiiis have been done in days past, a.nd such will be done
again in days to come. And it imay coiei to pass thal, in
not iany years, the Ear! ,i.ty travel care-worn through
this forest, leaving th' court in disgust. lie may say-
tVWhat hast than been doing. Wilirid thile Sxiilt, since I
gave theie tile order for the spear-heads And I shall an-
swer, I have been doing what I was then doing, and
what' I am nto\v doing-hamnuetling in fire-earning ily
daily bread by daily labor-stationary in my lot--wishing
not to rise, learing not to sink. And thou. Earl Leofric,
whath:l:st thou been doing ? Peradventutre, it will be his
answer, Laboring in thankless toil-setting up those who
fling toe down-winning prizes that olher meen enjoy, and
experiencing ingratitude nech as never was heard ofl.-
And I shall say, It has always beeui heard of, and it always
will be heard or; and if its having happened to others be
any comfort 0to you, great is your comfort. But what is
this to you or me, Beowulf? Batter we tile head of the
spear.
i 'air was tlie lady that I looked upon iln the light of the
morning, and fair lie her career. She is happy in the love
of her husband, and her maternal heart dwells with de-
light upon her beautiful children. Wealth and pleasure
are at her command ; and leaven forbid that ther soul
should be troubled by any thought of an adverse future.
Yet the hand of calamiity may yet be heaxy upon her, ere
those sunny eyes areclosed ill their last slumber. I speak
not of such calamities as those which the defeat, the down-
fall, or death of her husband might bring. But even if all
runs smoothly in her fortunes, hers it niay be to grieve for
the loss of the Earl': 1 .. .-- .- -rvi in .-rt tnd coldness
where now exist t,.,.n,. i.. ... 1I ., 0 i--h,' smiles bes-
'towed ipoin a rival which noie are solely her own-for the
bereavement, or, what is worse, the alienation or the dis-
grace of children much beloved: for these she may sor
row, and- wrinkles wilt come over that beauteons coun-
tenance ; and she will ask, looking into the mirror, Am I
what I was? Vanity may say Yes; but conscience will
say No. I see tiat your eye, Beowulf, looks gazingly in
thought on the tiro-ninidens. Glad be their souls. Butint
teu years' time thity and their mistress will not again sweep
through the forest as gaily as hy' swept through this
morning. She will say, Wilfrid 8iniilt, I gteet you well.
Whia dost ithou now '! And I shall reply, I do what I did,
and wh,;, I. t like; <- e have done since the world was out
of swadldling Iclothes ; and you, lady? Shei may reply to
the qf'estion, Miliserable wonian that am! I am wretched
beyond example. And I shall answer, It may not be,-
for examples there tire many. And she shall shake her
head in disbeliefl; but what I shall say is true. And her
maidens in ten years.? Some may be prospeions, some
in adversity. But, the prosperity and the happiness will
be to those who have .least caught your eye, or pleased
your ear. She whose beanly dazzles, or whose wit en-
chants, will ever be a inark for the wo-breeding rivalry of
men, and tile latal envy of women. The usual sufferings
of disappointed hope, of misdirected love, of blighted
prospects, of wasted youth. will occur in their due pro-
portions to all, fair or fouil, stupid or brilliant; but to the
brilliant and the fair will be ,superadded the alternation of
S........... I wooing and outrageous insult. But what is
iths to you and to me, Beowutlf? Batter we the head of
tll;e S)" R.
So ,lii, i, li ever; for cliange there is none. I was at
Croviou a shorl :pace past, and there I saw Peter the
'lionk writing upoi pia,';b!aiont what he called a chronicle;
and he read from his p.ir !_.eitnt what he had written. It
was all about battles, and the dtinigs of kings. And I
asked him how lihe knew that wil'ft iec said in hits parch-
ment was true; and he answered that he had it all t potn
good warrant. Blut when he read to me of the alitay,
which .happened here under our own eyes, in the monas-
tery of Thornte, v. fk w i.e wrong in every word, fori
I wititnesed the itfh'. tie was angry when .I said so;
butr, I uomfiort,'- i sI!n by ifiiig him thatf in future days
no one coldhi k!ix.' ',ldi'lience, stand thathis inane would
flourish ais ia historian v.-hose stateinmlhs would guide tihe
penof ill writers to coI.: ; andthat they, too, would write
as he, nott of them being the greatest fools of their gener-
ation. But I told him not-tor leinig a man of iearnling,
he is inot a mnan of sense-tlliat were every word as true
as the Gospel, what he wrote was no chronicle of what
was doing in his days. The marshalling of armies, and
the caballing of courts, are hut incidents of human life,
and not the greatest, or most important accidents ; and ihe


who thinks upon tile elements of our existence, must look
upon the craftl of soldier or courtier as nothing more in
itself than the craft of lletcher or smilh. So 1 laughed
within myself at the tail of Peter thie Monk. And when
hue-for lie is at ian of flowing tongue-spoke to me with
malliy words of' w.,at vLwas to b l done ill other days, when
more people could'read clerkly, and write wisely, and of
tiea spreading of knowledge, and tlie outstreichiig oftlinid,
I laughed out aloud. For there is now in the woald as
mucil knowledge itas there will be a thousand years hence,
and tlle inid cannot be outstretched. The rating talker
may fancy that what !-e speaks most about is the most impor-
tant of things ; but those things of which no man talks are the
first matter. By and by, it may be that soft-handed men
will, fIrom mimi forges, and bY the application of tools fa-
voted with learned names, bring forth things much renown-
ed ; and they will be called philosophers-and proud men
will they be. Happy be their dole But the spear will ibe
fashioned, the horse will lie shod, the bar will be wrought,
the knife will be sharpened as now. And those who first
taught us to do those things will be called rude and ignorant ;
while they who produce what is nothing more to what was
done ill the beginning than is the hemi to the garment will be
men of fame ; and the jabberer will think himself wiser than
our head and master, who in the Scripture is called Tubal-
cain. So will it be in all things else. But what is this to.*
you and to me, Beowulf Batter we the head of the spear.'
And the time inav come when this forest of Thorney will
be lopped down by the axe, and trace of it be none. Where.*.
it now stands may rise magnificent abbeys, proud buildings,
houses of Wittenagenoftte, wide streets, lofty mansions;
and they who dwell therein will think themselves far better
than you and me, and lihe times in which they live far supe-
rior to ours. Loud will be the prattle in the meetings, and
each man will deem himself sage. But if I could burst front
my grave, I should tell them that we, without asking why,
were as free as they-that we knew our own concerns as
well ais they-that we managed our laws as well as they-
and that _the denizen of the forest was neither more nor less
than the denizen of the street, both being men. And I should
tell them, beside, that we are housed, and fed, and clothed ;
and they can be no more. We hunger and we thirst, we feel
and we see-we are agitated by passions of love and hate, of
fear and madness, of honor and shame, each in our degree ;
and so will e they. l.IMuch windy wordwork will possibly be
spoken on this ground ; and many a knave and fool shall
win fatre, such as it is. And people may shout and applaud,
and talk of freedom and right won for themi-they all the
whIile remaining as before, but glorifying themselves on their
advancing wisdom. But advance there will lie none. Law
will have still to contend with crime ; and fraud will predo-
minate in law. The doctor of fliture days may talk in phrase
more set than does our leech, Florence, hard by the wood ;
but lie will not extend the life of nman one hour longer than
the appointed time. Aud the fool or the traitor will ob-
tain the honors due to the x ise and the loyal-the usurer,
sitting in qliet, win the produce of the toil of him who l1'-
btors--and the butlig and impudent thrust themselves minto
'..1, places. And the crowd will be gulled, and those who
. 11 them wiil fill their own pockets. And'there will be fight-
ing and feasting, and weeping and laughter, and deaths and
marriages, and good fiurtune and ill fortune, to the end of the
world ; and nothing shall be new under the sur.. But what
is this to you or to me, Beowulf 1 Batter we the head of the
spear.
THE CONSClRIPT. [Knickerbocker.
Wo! for the land thou tramplcst o'er.
Deatli-dealiug fiend of war i Wetmore.
INFOLDED ill a gory sheet,
They bear him to his shallow grave,
While mournfully the war-drums beat
A martial requiem for the brave:
The corse in earth' is duly laid,
And prayer by holy man is made;
The faint red beams of parting day
Shine on survivors of ithe fray,
Whose manlly hearts with sorrow swell,
While muskets thunder out-farewell!
Morn gilds the grave of Valor. Birds
Ar,' trilling songs in copscwood nigh,
That match in sweetness pleasant words
First caught by lispi.: inl''ii.".
Is that a form of blood ... I' il 1
Extended on the haillock fresh,
While glean the liquid pearls of night
Amid her tres-es long alid bright?
it is the miotlher of the slain-
Her heart will never break again H.

AcCOMmnODATINx.-A certain son of Crispin recently call-
ed on a neiglhbormg blacksmith to get tie steel corks of his
horse's shoes sharpened, and being in a great haste, says he,
" Can't you do it without taking his shoes o11'!" "I don't
know," says Vulcan, but if you will hold his feet in my
forge, I'll try." Q
HARD TIMEs.-They do say that provisions are so high in
Boston that ione but the most wealthy can luxuriate on po-
tatoes and salt.
A FiREt. PREss.-One in which every blockhead may in-
sert what ha pleases, gratis.














SELECTED LITERATURE.


LIFE..


LIFE.
BY WILLIAM C. BRYANT.
Ot LIFE! [ breathe thee in the breeze,
I feet thee bounding in my veins,
I see thee in these stretching trees,
These flowers, this still rock's mossy stains.
This stream of odors flowing by
From clover-field and cluaps of pine,
This music thrilling all thle sky,
From all the morning birds, are thine.
Thou fill'st with joy this little one,
That leaps and shouts beside tue here,
Where Isar's clay-white rivulets run
Through the dark woods like frighted deer.
Ah must thy mighty Breath, that wakes
Insect and bird, aned flower anti tree,
From the dark trodden dust, and makes
Their daily gladness pass from mie-
Pass, pulse by pulse, till o'er the ground-
These limbs now strong, shall creep with pain,
And this fair world of sight and sound
Seem fading into night again ?
I he things, oh Life! thou quickenest, all
Strive upward toward the broad bright sky,
Upward and outward, and they fall
Back to Earth's bosom when they die.
All that have borne the touch of death,
All that shall live, lie mangled there,
Beneath that veil of bloom and breath,
That living zone twixtt earth and air.
There lies my chamber dark and still;
'The atoms tiamipled by my feet
There wait, to take the place I 1111
In the-sweet air and sunshine sweet.
Well, I have had iay turn, have been
Raised from the darkness of the clod,
And for a glorious moment seen
The brightness of the skirts of God;
And knew, the light within my breast,
Though wavering oftentiimes and dimi, i
The power, the will, that never rest ..
SAnd cannot die, were all from Him i e ..
Dear child! I know that thou wilt grieve,
To see me taken front thy love, '
Wilt seek my grave at Sabbath eve,
And weep and scatter flowers above:
Thy little heart will soon be healed,
And being shall be bliss, till thou
To younger forms of life must yield
The place thou fill'st with beauty now.
When we descend to dost again,
Where shall the final dielliog be
Of thought and all its inmemories then,
My Love for thee and thine for me N.Y. Mirror.

Front tihe Ainericani Aonthly fr iiJanuary,
ADVENTURES OF A MIDSUMMER. TOURIST.
CHAPTER. I.
IT was a sultry afternoon in August that I was sitting
in my office in Court-street, poring over the last number
of the Jurist. My solitude had a short time before been
invaded by ai irruption of Iris clients, who, aftrr horin
tis with a long detail of grievances, had left file withoi t ai
fee. I was out of humor, and heartily tired of tmy brief-
lass fate, and of my barren, musty, and unavailing sindies.
I must have some recreation," I exclaimed. flinging
the Jurist into a coruer-" some respite from this contin-
tied dradgery-soime rebounds from this naremitted ten-
sion of the facuolties. Here have I been pent up the whole
summer in this miserable twelve by fourteen apartment,
with a bruised blist of' Cicero over imy desk, and a box of
cigars with Lucifer niatcihes on Iy maniel-piece. tHere
have I bI en cabinet, cribbed, cotfini'd ; whinie the tfoal
and the sparkles upon the bright gobiet of existonco have
been fast subsiding and disappearing! The wild roses
have bloomed, but not for min The forests have.heapeti
high their masses of foliage, but not to bless my sight.-
The streams have flashed, and their cal.raects have roared.
and the great sea has rolled its serried w lives and tlssoid
their white feathers upon the beach ; but-Godt of Nature!
-I have missed them all. I have lived as if they were
not. And-how inadequate has been the reward of my
abstinence !"
As I turned round suddenly afier this sensible inono- l
logue, Cicero appeared to be looking at me with siil anI
impertinent sneer upon his lip, thli.itl 1idontiiinently dushled
mliy list in his fIae, thereby breaking his hea:d, and strew.
ine my floor with the fragments. I tieii threw Iy print.
S', out of the window ; sent the Lucifer mtulheds o Ithe
devil ; kicked Citty on Iills inlo the corner into the coal-hole; and finished Imy extravaganc'ies Iby
*-i i 1., tog li:their my hand clasping then over Ily bead
a lat .anle, pacing my roon at long strides, tanid sol'loqli-.
ill.g aloud:


But whither shall I go ? To the White Hills ? No-they
are too familiar. To Lake George ? I may take it in my
way. To the Sulphur Springs? Not the season. To
Saratoga? Decidedly too rowdyish. To Winipiseogee
Lake L'. ,,rii Iir unfrequented. To Niagara? Per-
haps ,'.: \% il. i ii iii you of Q ebaec ? Capital! I have
never I ... 1 .-... WVolfe, Montcalm, Montgomery-
what .: .. r... ...onnected with the place I And then
the St. Lawrence, and Montnmorenci, and the Falls of the
Chaudiere! And I can visit Niagara on my way home.
0, the exhilaralini of freedom! I already revive. My
bosom's lord sits lightlier on its throne. My brain expands
my veins thrill with
My rhapsody was interrupted. As I turned abruptly
round, I came in collision with one of my Irish barbari-
ans, who coolly wished the top of the morning' to mle,
though it munist have been perfectly apparent to him that
.: sun had long since passed its meridian. i This was be-
S,,nd human endurance. Fortunately thei door was open
and the stairs were near. I am not an indifluernt boxer--
thanks to John Hudson,the prince of American pugilists.
The next moment my unfortunate client took leave of me
in a very precipitate manner, performing a rotary motion
down stairs which seemed to facilitate his departure.
Early in the morning I quitted Boston for Concord,
from which place I passed ,..... 1. Vermont to the de-
li'htlfil village of Burlington on Lake Champlain. Com-
I, nd mie to Vermont for magnificent scenery. There
,t stream which runs into the Connecticut, known on
,i.. map as White river; and the scenery along this beau-
tiful tributary is of the most imposing description. The
banks are hedged in on either side by an immense range
of stupendous hills, some rock-ribbed, frowning, and
crowned with sombre pines ; but many of them cultivated
to the very top, verdant, fertile, and so precipitous and
high, that it is with the utmost diuliculty the ploghman
pursues his -'i, .i...,i- task upon the almost impending
slope. The i., i .ii l. base of these hills and along the
miargent of I!.. l -hi liver, (which is appropriately
named, for its waters are like crystal,) is extremely nar-
,,,,. ,iiJ i, many places formed by the timber hurled
,,a, I,.. !lie hills and imbedded in the edge of the
i :.t .ilI ever forgot that delicious journey through
S .... ..i 'hose green tmo ntains on that still itnluber-
S i.. ..... wh uen lhe forests were mutely 'il ... ,
u.. u.l m.alt/It transmutlLation caused by that .. i,
alchemiyst, the flost-when the blue sky was unflockered,
save by a few pearly, transiocent clouds, ma jestic in their
repose-wheni the river poured its silver tribute at my
feet, and the diversified hills passed like a glorious pa-
geantbeolore my view-and nature, animate and inanimate,
seemed instinct with the subdued joy of passive existence
-shall I forget it?'
But a truce to rhapsody. wlh::' when the lit is over
strikes me as very inane stuff" t crossed Lake Ch'itn-
plain in tile night-time--gazed ont the 1ritiih encanip-
ment of Isle anx Noyes at sin risoe-anded soon after-
wards at the little lanadian town of St. Johns-and be-
fore evening was safely deposited at Gooda iongh's Hotel
in Montreal. I did not remain here long. That sItme
night I i.h ,., .1on board the noble steamboat St. Georgu,
for Quels.. .i when I issued suddenly from the cabin
lie next day aboi t noon, behold! wo were overshadowed
by .Cape Diamono d,. which rose with its inipieguiabbl; battle-
iments like an exhaiati'in froii tie edge oi the river. The
effect was decidedly melodramatic.

CHAPTEIl If.
It was the third day of my residence in Quebec, and
one of those balny, sunshiny days with blue skies and
soft airs, when th 'iitun, who does not instinctively bless
his Crealor, has no music in his sotl. I hired a cal tcihe,
and rude to the Falls of 'l!ontinueri'aci. My first view of
the casc;ade wals froti the platformil otn the rigit side before
crossing thie bridge. l"romi this height thle effect is grand
and imposing, aind it makes lthe briin giddy to look down
upon the fonaiiuing ali).ss, ivlhere thle precipitated waters
striile ulpon the .igged rocks, rolling np a cloud of fine
white mist, oni whose front a rainbow coronet is set by Illi
1iinshine. The fails of MJiontnmorencl are higher by seventy
Faet tihan Niagara, bit ;tllh,y ar n' lt til unt Iwcr, aii lh ie
volume of water that sweeps o\,ri- is of course vasthl in-
1'nrior. Ne.!ar the foot of the cialai'ic, :he whole 1n ail -.1
the falling waters a)pihars to meet like drif'ilig snow. and
ormiig two uiinenst revolving wheels to be scaile.red
0: nee into spray or sent lashed into i'rth over the bed of
*. o tt'rent.,
Crossing thil bridtae, I hastened to to'dke a view of' Ihel
,Ills 'roin the opposite side ; and here lie sluooll hold
-sweep of the river, aind i.he terrnili phiunge of its waters
over t(.' precipice imay be seen to great tilvantage.-
Th torrent's snmootilness ere it dash below' is Ino where
more llbautiLiily exemplified.
T.; Tliet path to tbe IoOt of ile fills is extremely steep and
precipitous ; and is lhior, aie Ie v blushes Iri shlnnbs tou
break your descent, tell chances to one, ifl yotl have the


fine piercing spray which is scattered from the cauldron
of foaming waters, and then undertook to return-
<1Scd revocare grai-uslu!"
It was in climbing the heights of AM ontmorenci that I met
with the adventure which was destined to be a memora-
[li event in my existence. I had accomplished two-thirds
of the ascent, and was resting, with one foot upon a small
projecting slone, and thie other thrust into the earth, while
with my left ]iand I grasped a cianip of stout looking
grass, when I heard a scream, and looking up, beheld a
yonng lady, who, u po my veracity, was the most beauti-
ful being I ever saw, endeavoring in vain to stop herself
from being precipitated down the declivity. Behind her
was a middle aged gentleman, who I concluded was her
father, making an ineffectnal attempt to render her assist-
ance. Down she came, and she looked to me like an an-
gel of light descending from the clouds. She was dressed
in a simple nankin riding habit, trimmed wilh green, (I
recollect it as well as if it were yesterday;) and had on a
light straw bonnet, which the wind had thrown back upon
her shoulders-ralher an odd costume for an angel, but
at the same time not an unbecoming one.
What was I to do ? It w'as very evidentthat if I remain-
ed in the position in wh.ch I stood, I should be directly in
her way ; and then tlie shock of collision might be severe
to both parties. But if I did not render her some assist-
ance slhe wold in all probability have her brains dashed
out, or be hurled into the river, or be bruised or disfigured
in some way. But how could I help her? My footing
seemed so unstable, that ai leather wtifted against me might
send me reeling down the hill. How then could I sustati
the threatened collision ?
I had not much time for reflection. I braced myself as'
firmly as I could upon the rI I ; ground, twined my
left hand about the climp oi .. which supported me,
and then with my right :irm outstretched, gallantly await-
ed the descent of the fair creature in the nankin riding
habit trimmed with green. Down site came, and I shut
my eyes close, as I have seen people do when pulling the
trigger of a gun pretty heavily charged. The next in-
stant the shock was received, and.it quivered through me
like electricity. Two arms were thrown rather impetu-
ously over lmy shoulders, a cloud of dark tresses brushed
ty cheek, and a gentle heart was press ; h...l i, .
bly against mine. iMy e(quilibriium was ... I f.... r:
served. I stood the shock ... It I L I. f, r ,. I
Iove the lady rested panting on .my shoulder. She troui-
bled in every limb, and was half sinking upon her knees.
[ler black -i, ,,.. .. j. .'were in awfil contrast will the
marble pallor of her forehead andl cheek. It was with
dilliculty 1 could uphold her from II.,- For about a
.,,;, ,,i..- .. .,.I. uminute- we remained in this situa-
:., i\ ,,h.., ,L, ti,. a. word, and I cooid have been con-
I ...r *l., .- ,,,'i I n. the s;Ime position for some min nltes
longer; but iuinfortitILIly tie ireacheronts cihmtp ofgras'.
by which our weights were ......... to shw
symptomi s ..x ; ;,. It wvis'lIii'tt deracinated by
inches. I .. i.i, .,, :...1 the lady's altcntion to thle fact,
She slartcd, looked upon mile for a moment a !itl!e wild!v,
and thon recovering herselfn,lien upon ule a smile which
I shall remember to mydying day. It wassoappealintgly
eloquent of gratitude, confusion, apprehension, and a
thousand nameless and Ilitting ..... i ,.r1 1 gazed into
her acee as if I were scar ling the tleatres of some gor-
geos anil diversified la ndselapc the sight of which 1 was
to enjoy bIt for a imomente.
She spoke, and I rotsed myself asi if fiom a trance. -
Shall we not nmke in effort to ascend? I believe I
have recovered from my ridi( nlort fright ?"
She aitempled to move i, upward, but her strength was as
yet unequal to the effort; di, so iInh Imy arnI about her
wait, hall'f lifin i and Ialf drag, ing her, we climbed the
ncelivily. As a flithfitl chronicler, I must confess that I
was unnece.,sarily long in, getting to the top; but lk.en
expressed so imuch apprelhhosiio lest. shoe -hltld falig'iue
hersif, uand 'inoiamd ilie necessity of so much cautioi'n in
slipping lilet lie seemed retouriled to the delay. i i.r ,
It'lthr rcci-ived her at the top of the height, and kissing
ihs. led lher to the trunk of an overthrown tree, and direct-
ed ler to sit down. le then appro; ched me, grasped my
lieian in both of his, and .i(,pressed his acknowledgments
ill a mianller so cordial aiid lit'ttbit, that he almost per-
suaded mI intlo the b( lie that 1 I had performed an act,
which, tI sa, the least, would entille ime to receive a gold
medal from the Humane Society.
We exchanged cards: his bore the words, lr..Tarle-
ton, of 'G.. ." and ti inc told him that I rejoiced ill the
Hame of' I ... lrkiely."
Berkcly ? Boikly ''" tnniiri d Mr. Tarl-to'. in an
interrogatnry lone. -" Any relat.oa to t ie Bi rkelys of
Albay ?"
A branch of the fa, ily is, I believe, settled there, but
I am from Boston."
"And your father's name was-- "
William."
"And .our mother was from-''"













THE NEW-YORKER.


and turning his forehead to the cool breeze-"Emily Clare! the son of an old and very dear friend. But if I say more
sweet, sweet Emily Clare!" ." f.- recommend him to your favor, after he has shown himu-
Tell me," he said, grasping my hian, and half avert- : i so true and chivalrous a knight, I fear he will prove
ing his face, tell me, does your other live '" t i.)gether irresistible."
"Alas, sir, I have been an orphan lhless tten years '1 ain doubly proud," replied Miss Tarleton, "to make
Mr. Tarleton dropped my hand-walked a fIw paces the acquaintance of Mr. Berkely ; but I suspect le thinks
ahead of me-and taking up a pebble, pretended all at that the introduction lie lihas already had is all-sufficient.
once to be absorbed in taking a fatl aim at a little sparrow Did I not rush to meet him in the most affectionate, not to
which was hopping about a lew rods distant. say precipitate, manner possible ? Did 1 not throw my
He suddenly turned however, threw the pebble in an arms about his neck, and-nay, father, I could not have
opposite direction, and coming back to the spot where I greeted an old friend more enthusiastically."
stood, snuiled faintly, and said-- Horace Beikely, you A slight blush tinged the cheek of Miss Tarleton asshe
should have been uly son." concluded. I assured lier that the casualty which made
"Sir?" me acquainted with h r was one of' the most gratifying
Yes, I mean what I say. Hear me, anm then tell me events of my life ; it was a bright silken thread in the
if you are at all surprised at the enitioni which I appro- homespun tissue of mity existence.
hend I have betrayed at this ecltircissement. Your mother Al, sir," said Emily, these are occurrences which
was my first love; I was her first suitor. We met some come like shadows, so depart. You will soon forget the
twenty-five years ago at Baltimore. She was a radiant forlorn maiden whom you saved from tumbling into the
creature.' I haunted her flr weeks like her shadow. At St. Lawreice."
lIst a promise of marriage was exchanged between us, and Was there coquetry in this speech !
we mutually agreed to keep our engagement a secret. Forget you, Miss Tarletou ? It is absolutely impos-
She was seventeen, and I but a few years older. Tihe sible!"
death of my father recalled tme to Georgia. We parled- Tuit-tut-don't talk of forgetting before you are well
Emily and I-with the customary pomtuises of fidelity. I acquainted," said Mr. Tarleton. Horace, wheredo you
assured her I would return in a itmonth. It is an oldslory, put up i"
and often repeated. Circumstances fltrade the fitiilinut -" At the Albion "
of my promise. I wrote ollen, blut learnt afterwards that We are there, likewise. Come, Emily, as you don't
my letters did not reach her. I was- compeltld to sail for like Ihe fretful little pony who bore you hither, perhaps
Europe without seeing her. I could noL return till the Mir. Berkely will take compassion on you, and give you a
close of the war with England. seat in his caldche; and this ragged little Antoine here
On arriving in New York, after an absence of two shall imontii your vacated saddle, and follow us into town."
years, a friend casually informed me that. Miss Clare wits 1 seconded thlie proposition, and Miss Tarleton, who
engaged to a Mr. Berkely'. I believe I did not turn pale was really Iiignied, assented without liarther inmportunitly.
or assume a tragic stare oni hearing this agreeable news. 0, that delicious litle into lueibec The weather was
That hope deferred, which maketh thie heart sick, had tell wari, biit there was a soft breezy air stirring, which was
long been my portion, and 1 had acquired a masiery over refreshing to the senses. As we left the diry little village
my feelings. I simply asked, Is he a good fellow o: "f BeaupoLrt, the scenery became superb. On our left
she is engaged to?' and satisfied with the lhiiiity reply in rose the American Gibraltar, with its walled battlements,
the affirmative, I made no more inquiries respecting her. it- hoiises and lofty spires roofed with lii, blazing, fla-
"On reaching Baltimore I resolved upon calling on iring in ile sunshine; lnileh. ar below, its ,,,.....,
?cNiss Clare, and.congratulating her on her prospects. I spurned the St. Lawreonce. On our right spread a pros-
was not heartless, but piqued ; and I v.shied to appear to pect of vast extent ; cultivated lawns, gardens, verdant
1-- '. ...- .....- and as little coiccri di as possible. plains, foresis and hills expands g far, far awity, Jill lhe
I r : J .,i .. .th care, and sallied lor.th to see her. tye could see nothing but a range of blue inuiiilains deli-
She was not at holime, and left mny card. The next eve- cately iiuited against the horizon. I pointed out every
lling I again called. Slie was it home. I was ushered bil)]e:ct il interest to my fair companion, and her enthu-
into the parlor. Miss Clare would be down in a mnliite. Sitsiism was unrdly iniil'rior to niihe. Olir hearts were over-
I walked to the mirror, and as t took ol' imy gloves anid Ilowing with rapiitre', and our lips witll sentiinenl.
threw them upon the pier tali', I Faw the opposite door The caluche diew up in frout of the Albion. I handed
openpd, and a .'.,-. .r which I ininediaiely rleoguised Emlily out of the vehicle into the hotel, and her father
for our mother. Hier lbrefiniiger wvis oil her lips-sh ie Iollowt-d.
Looked very pale but very bca ilifut -aid as site filtered i II i)ra ce," said r. Tarletelon, if you do not prefer the
hbr steps, she seemed to he gathering strength for a pain- ,i i. .i,,. ,,. ... you tes.s with us while we are here ?"
ful inlerview. i turned a d dva cd In i i t d ii eet lih r-- i i. ill .. i il."
Oh II '"c--[ id-heardt-i-td i-ttit.i You hiud arri I proluis vyou." a.ilded liEmily, tllat our next meeting
ved. I at. ..*, -- .-yv glad to see you.i' shall be cou tllcted with a little more ceremony than was
er eyes filled with tears. I was determined nol to observed at our last and first encounter. Horrible!
I-..i ..ry emotion, and taking her hand with Parisian WVhat would illrs Faitiar have said had she seen le !,,
.. .11 i-w I remarked, that it was ideed flattering to find "1I beg ) oni to use no more ceremony oin uny account,"
"m : 11:, Clare had not quite fobrotitun me after so long was my reply.
an: absencee' That evening I dined with tmy two new and delightful
We ir down on the solt. I conversed with' infinite acquaintances. Etmily ate with a propriety which even
pl. i: ,,. -i..I.1i Emily avaiieiy u' odd idventiires which Lord. Blyron could not have fund aliut with; and site
I -.I i..- I .- ,, e-and afilu making iiuyiell! uitiusuilj took champagne when she was asked. As she sat oppo-
a. .-1i I i..,ke out with: By liit' way, li>s Clare, site to iute, attired in a plain but elegant dress of pure
i.. t, ii ... are engaged. Est-di crai Every body while, with a simple black ribbon about her waist and a
: da k i munslin scar!f clasped with a rich diamond about her neck,
i... I,:, r dark eyes on mie for a moment wilh a I thoualht [ had never beheld aiy thing animate or inanit-
i l. ,.I ,,l,.it,. and mio'uruful surprise; aiiil then in low mate half,so lovely and divine.
accents replied, What every body says tinst be true.' I Old Tairi'oiin called for cigars, and Emily rose to depart,
rattled on in the most reckless ainuiner imaginable, as boys saying," Air. Berkley, we hold a levee here every evening
whistle inc passing through a grav-ardil to conuceal their till eleven. So do not go, and do not be au desespoir at
terror. In the course of my extravagtince I made her pro- uny leavingyou. Ishall be back by the time you have un-
inise to name her first. boy after ae ; aiiid assured her, ii delrgone your fuitligation and st'allovi eld your coffee."
ever I had a daughter, she sholuil e cltritlteied Emilv. I i ain too proud that Miss Tarleton is not disposed to
rose to take tmy leave. The lext uioruing I i as to depari have our acquaintance end in smoke. I shall have the
for Georgia, not to retuilln uort a-taii for years. hioiir to remain."c
"I took my hat, iand w.itli cool ormualily said, Good I rushed to-the door, nud opened it for Miss Tarleton as
evening, AMiss Clare.' slie advanced hastiiy toward it. She nodded her i, .,.1.
She followed mo into the entry. I opened ihe street and as she retreated flIcely up stairs, I stood gazing alter
door. I turned to take a last look. S'.e wav.s ict;dllysolb- the heautions vision, It canish. d, and I shut the door.
.'...' it grief, and her face was buried in blli her halls. h'We sat-the beauty's fallheir and nyself-alone, pufling
i i...I back towards her I took her lhanid In mine; f our cigars. Mr. Tarleton tadkeil on with his mn-ualsuavity
parked the.dark curls from hr forehand ; I implanted one ad piquancy of sy ; but l was sile and piquancy of style; abut I wa silent and abstracted';
fervent kiss upon her lips, and exclahumed, 'Deurst! tfari- t und many of' his good thiigs fill on an unobservant ear
well for ever; you will never see ine more. God bless 'At last, whn ti he found that I made no reply to question
you!' left her, and she sunk almost prostrate upon the which 'ie had put to ime alf a idozn times, he threw the
stairs. I darted from the house, and never saw her more! -ttump of his priiicipe into his plate, and a- moment after
But it see'is that neither of us fbigot our promise." stretched himself in a comfort lle attitude upon the sofa.
There wvas an awkward pause of nearly a minuiot: after vague suspicion crossed my .nind that Mr. Tarleton, had
Mr. Tarleton had finished lis story. l ue passed his halnd- iIsl asked mie a question. Did Vou not speak, sirt?" 1
kerchief hurriedly across his eyes, and thou apologizing inquired abruptly. A hearty sore was the only reply ,
for holding me by the button so long with a love-sick talhi, my interrogaiio l .
hle said, ComeI, Horace, let im, inlroduc:, you to imy (IAP'TER IV.
daughter Emily. See-she isklashing the flies will In r The lahle had been ile-red away-ia friend had epltered.
riding whip, and is evidently.l in a pet with me for posing and itnveigltd At r. Tarleiton into a king one in n ,... ..I ,
iherer- l _,i .lvautn'M-f- dA, ki ,. ..... .. Ii. i ..... i ...1. i. H..,:. i- ( n .i .-ii' n -


her magnificence. I jumped from my recumbent posture
five feet into the air.
Sleeping at your post, Mr. Berkely! Could not the
anticipation of seeing me keep you awake? Ah, I fear
you will soon lose the reputation for chivalry which you
acquired this afternoon. How would Ivanhoe or Atadis
de Gaul appear, painted lying on a sofa, with his feet ele-
vated above his head, a cigar in his mouth, and his hands
lazily twined in his hair? What would the ladye-love of
either of those respectable individuals have said on find-
ing her tiue knight in such a predicament ?"
She should have sat by, his side and fanned the flies
away while he dosed ; or she should have beguiled him
with her most enchanting songs. Do let me open the
piano, Miss Em--Miss Tarleton,and do sing me a song."
"Really, Mr. Horace Berkely, you have more assur-
ance than I could have given you credit for."
Pardon me-if I have-presumed-too far. I trust
I have said nothing to offend."
Nonsense; it is affectation in you to suppose I am
offended."
Miss Tarleton sat down to the piano, and running over
the keys with a free hand, she asked What shall I sing
youi'"
"Sing 'We met.'"
"' We niet--'twas on the heights of Montmorenci,
And I thought he would shun me-'
Nay, you shall hear one of my favorite melodies."
And changing from gay to grave with the quickness of
thought, Miss Tarleton sang Wolfe's beautiful song begin-
ning- ",Go forget me! why should sorrow
O'er that brow her shadow fling',"
I think I never felt more deeply the power of music.
Miss Tarleton had a rich rotund voice, and it came forth
like ile liquid, gushing notes of a Canary bird. But it
was in the expression which she imparted to the senti-
nent that the principal charm of her singing lay. Her
lace was also the perfect index of what she uttered. It
now kindled into eager enthusiasm, and now settled into
a look of pathetic repose. And do not imagine there was
any affectation in their varying moods. They were as
natural as the drifting of a summer cloud over the sun-,I
shine.
But, Emily Tarleton! why, when you had finished your
plaintive and beautiful song, why did you lhok up to me
with such ai glance-such a tender glance-laden with-,,
what shalrl call it?-or how shall I express it? In that
one glance the mischief was accomplishld-the shaft was
sped ; and lie rulmert ws triplex, that should have shielded
miy breast, were not sunilicient to resist it. Upon my
word, it was the first time in my life I had ever been sha-
ken in my scepticism open the subject of the irresistibility
and thie universality of la bellce passion.
She sung other songs with equal effect. I never before
heard the lady who could impart due force and-expressioR-
to Barry Cornwall's admiiralle song,
"The sea-tho sea-the open sea!"
But as Emily gave utterance to that buoyant and exhila
rating melody, it seemed as if I were out upon the illimi-
table ocean in a tight craft, scudding along at the rate of
ten knots an hour, :while the waves were foaming and
bursting around me in the sunshine, the light fleecy clouds
drifting through the sky, the sea-birds wheeling above the
tnast, the dolphin baring his back of gold, and the wind
screaming through the shrouds.
Emily Tarleton left the piano, and we sat together en
the sofa. Our discourse was upon every naneable topic
-poetry, politics, law, physic, Bulwer, Marryat, Fanny
Kenmbie, Washington Irving, and General Santa Ana.
It was evident that Emill, though far from being a blue,
was sufficiently well versed in the current literature of the
day ; that she had a quick apprehension, and deep appre-
ciation of the beautiful in nature and art; that there were
very little nonsense and pretence about her; and that she
was in every respect a remarkable girl.
I glanced at the clock, and to rmy surprise perceived
that it was halfan hour past midnight. I apologized with
sincerity for the length of my stay, but cast the blame
upon her, as the long hours had flown like downy sandal-
led minutes.
Good night, Miss Tarleton."-
Good night Pleasant dreams An revoir!"
I was alone in my chamuher, and began to soliloquize.
"Isn't she a charming creature ? So natural-so lively--
talks so well-sings .so enchantingly-and thi n is so tran-
scendantly beautiful! I wondeiir if she has ever had an
offer. It is plain that she is not engaged. 0. Horace
Berkely! Hurry back to your little hole in Court-street,
and burrow among your musty law books. Don't be for
making a fbol of yourself by falling in love. Go, and beg'
pardon of the Irish client wholn you kicked down stairs.
'let a new bust of Cicero to place over your secretary.
I inish yohr analysis of Chilty-Chitty be d-- d I wont
go back. WVhat if Miss Tarleton should hbe an heiress.
Old Tarleton appears to be a prircely fellow in his ex-
penditures ; and then, egad, I am his natiesake, and Eim-
ily was called after tmy mother. Strange! There is sonie-


262










SELECTED LITERATURE.


dash of romance in his composition. He would make a How fortunate precisely the route I had marked out
glorious father-in-law! Indeed, Horace, I think you for myself. WVill you consider me one of youl party?"
might go farther and fare worse. Bat what if the lady is Of course, Horace, and I hope you will like us well
no heiress? So much the better. She is a treasure in enough to keep with us south to the end of our journey.
herself; and, rich or dowerless, I will lay siege to her We will promise to make a month or two on our plamia-
young affections. 0 Horace, this is very green andl pne- lion quite tolerable to you. WVoli't we, Emily ?"
rile in you. Let me tell you that love in a cottage is a I mti sure we will do oqr best."
sheer humbug. Poor fellow! You spurn my -........ "Miss Taileton's presence would be sufficient of itself
advice. I see you are fairly in for it. Well, sleep upon to renouder any place a paradise ; and so, kind friends, good
it. Good night." night."
CHAPTER V. Good night! Good night!"
The angel in the nankin ridinghabit trimmed with green CHAPTEt VI.
figured largely in my dreams. Now she floated down the It would take a volume to narrate all the little incidents
hughepillow of foa which sweeps over t Falls of ont- which occurred o a our way to Albany I have not te
norenci, and now she rushed down upon me from the heart to recall them, had I the pen to describe them. hli
heights. Ii thile morning, when I awoke, it was some mo- srtam'ots and sta.ae-coaches, on tilrods aid caries, I
nmets before I could disentangle the real from the ideal.d
An impression of pleasure past and to come, an indefina- nwas pily's ever-watchfl attendant and devoted kniighit
ble feeling of gratification, hope, and gentle excitement, now pinohno her shawl about her neck whier tan ala-
were operating upon my mind ; but though I experienced bste'; now proI eii g wit her e d of some ll
a steamiboat; now talking romance, and ilovx asking wliti
the influence, I was for some time puzzled to recall the she would be helped to at the dimner-table ; now `- .h.-
cause and the origin ; now e ritieising somt e old spectilen of' 0 ..... .....
At the breakfast table I found Miss Tarleton ariayed di e stai r i" some oldof
a graceful morning dress. Shie greeted mie kindly, but I ty ; ald nsv an with eltls t ep r tears upoi
fancied there was in her manner a little morereserve than soe gorgeous landscape or some glorious sunset.
I had seen the preceding day. Do you not remember, friend of those happy days, the
The father took me by the hand as if his heart were in morning when we stood on the deck of lihat astinatic
it. He rallied -me a little about my taciturnity the ihight little steamboat, the Henry Brougham, and saw the dark
before, and finally broke out with--" Well, liorace, if yo rolling Ottawa rush to meet the St. Lawrence ? Have
have n't any thing better to do, suppose you join our party yen lirgotten the rapii;s, the Canadian raftsmen, the beau-
for the day. We go to the heights of Abraham, thence to tlifil islands set like emeralds in the silver stream? Do
the Falls of the Chandihre, and in the afternoon-we have you not recollect our visit to Kingston, and our entrance
an invitation to visit the English friiate in the stream." upon the broad Ontario ? Can you not recall the scene,
"Dear sir, you could not have planned any thing more which we gazed upon wrapped in wonder, when we stood
agreeable to me. Consider me at your disposal." oni the heights of (Queenston by the monument of Brock ;
We went to the heights of Abraham-we stood upon the Niagara roll ng beneath us; the mighty Ontario gleanm-
the very spot where Wolfe died victorious-(Emily'sarm ing in the distance; the immense and variegated area
-was in mine)-we talked of Montcalm, of Montgomery, spread like a map all aronud: hill, forest and cultivated
and of Arnold-and recalled all the glorious associations field, beautiful, most b-autiful to see ? Then with what
which cluster around the place. As we were'about re- pilgrim awe, although we had become connoisseurs inll
entering the caldche, we stopped a moment to take a last waterfalls, did we approach the slupendous cataract,
look at the surrounding landscape. The weather was de- which we heard blowing its trumpet from tile steep' long
licious, and the blue transparent sky seemed to rise away before we could see the fine-woven cloud of mist which
into impenetrable, immeasurable depths,. where tlihe eye eternally rises like incense' froin its mighty c iuldrosi.
could not follow. Never had I beheld a more beautiful How you grasped my arm as we stood oni Table IRuck,
panorama than that which lay beneath uis. 'The noble St. and gazed down upon the abyss of convulsed waters At
Lawrence, with its glassy surface, and the mirrored fri- that very moment I really believe I was thinking more ol
gate at anchor in its channel-thlie opposite bank of the you til Niagaia. Haive you '1..,, .. our journey to
river, dotted with neat villas-Point Levi, with its trees I3uthlo '! Our upset on the road .. l.,. Our'sail upon
and green lawns--the Isie of Orleans-thie distant Falls Seneca Lake a Our ride through tile valley of tilhe Mo-
of Montmorenci-the little town of Beanport-the inter- iaw k? Our three days at thle Springs? Our railroad
evening fields and farms-the background of purple rmon- journey to Albany ? To me these are hallowed reminis-
tairis-the meandering of the river St. Charles-and, di- cfncest.
rectly in front of us, Quebec, with its high raised battle- Yes, it was at Albany. I may as well hurry through
meats, its Martello towers, its glittering steeples and roo my'y story like i maln. I had flattered myself that the fhr-
-all presented a scene unsurpassed in magnificence and tltion was going oil prosperously. Old Tarleton evidently
extent. favored it, and was, I believe, sincerely gratified at ithe
We visited the Falls of the Chaudiere ; we began to prospect which it held out. I had yet, however, made no1
grow romantic, and I was a dozen times upon the point avowal of my passion, though a thousand times it was at
""ot making an avowal. fetui.tiiiig, .we went on board the iny Ionguo:;o' end.
frigate which lay anchored before the town. Emily had I was standing on the steps of the hotel the'day after
no sooner reached Ihe deck than an impertinent little cub we arrived, when I saw a fellow-collegian, Charles Mar-
of a midshipman offered her his arm, which to my hitter bury was his uaine--Marplot he should have been called
surprise she accepted; aad away they went to look at the -drive up in his tandem gig, anId throwing the reins into
guns, while the polite lieutenant invited Mr. Tarlelon and thlie hands of his black attendant, leap upon the side-waik.
myself into the cabin. As we were descending the corn- Marbury was a southeruer of large fortune, the income
panionway, I looked back in search of Emily. The mid- of which, however, was hardly large enough to *.i...,,-i
shipman had evidently been telling her a good joke, for his unconscionable extravagances. Hie was a fellow 01
she was laughing very heartily ; and there was an ease good personal appearance, a great practical joker, lively,
and assurance about his manner which was very I''.... entertaining, and superficial. A;'ter we had greeted each
ing. The odious little John Bull! I wished him at the olher, he look me to his parlor in the hotel, and there,
bottom of Hudson's bay. over a bottle of Rudesheimer, we talked of old times and
I will take one more peep," I said, after I had entered of times to come.
the cabin. [ ascended the stairs, and saw Iliat lie liltle By the way, Berkely," said nily friend, "I have a s--
rascal bad his face half-way inside of her bonnet. My cret to tell you. I !111 going to rni away with a pretty
first inpnilse was to go anid (qlarrel with him, liut, ail'o, girl to-morrow, and to commit matrimony iucontintentlv
all. ..... .,r I .. ,,, .elf, what's Emily to me or I to Enmily? The old prig, her faFther, who is a millionaire, iefoses t,o
i.,j ,',I h,,l ,i,.- I dashed after the lieutenant into ti,- tive his c, sent, nil. says she is pledged to anoliher ; butl
cabin. pledged or not, she has promised to accompany me to
Oci my way home from the frigate I was very di -nili, -.1 Providence, and there tilhe knot indissolule will lie tied."
andl taciturn in my manner toward Emily. At the .1 ..... i Yo surprise ini, Marbury. fs your Mis. M. that is
table, however, my reserve gave wiy, and I entered i..l .. ih I.. a beauty '?"
the conversation wilh all my accusto' ed spirits. Slhe is, wiloui huuiig, superlatively beantiful. P,..i
Another d-lightf'ul evening was pa-isd alIone with Emily if yon have ally curiosity to see hwr, come doNin to ,..
Tarleton. We sung the little duet of No"-we t:ilked. fhrry to-morrow morning at six. We shall be crossing
we promenaded the room, and we read Shl;kspelare. it l(hal hour.,'
When I rose to bid her good night, she remark,.d-" (s ih "'I. will be there. Believe Inw. imy dear Morhurv., I
possible, M1r. Buarkely, Ihat we have known iu aen ollitr i. ht y3milf'athiliz. will on, foI l n 1' ,;if vi a while .faitir'C dou
two days ? It seems to Ime that we are as well acquiainlid ,ol anr oI 1.11d, which 1 lhopo, ilhouvcr, will nut rWlilre anl
as if it had been years." 'dopement."
Al, then, Miss 'harlelon, do not think me hasty or in My doar hoy," said Marhliry, pulling out his hand-'
sincere if here, on my-" kerhlnuf and wiping his eyes withi a very tragical air--
"Knees," I wonid have said, Bombastes like ; butl re il my dear boy, thank yon-thank you. To-morrow then,
the words were uttered, the d.or opened, and thile ltbir at six."
of the young lady entered thie room. V We s;eparnied for the nIgll, and I passed the evening.
Well, E umily, you *'iust prep'-ir to he off to-morrow." with the Tarlotoms. Atfler ii',hily ti-id retired, I.er ifalthe
V What route do you take, sir ?" I inquired. spoke of hler to me in a .mtamuir wliich left me no hliger
Up the St. Lawrolic,; across Lake Ontario to ",ii in dobtlil as to his views,'at least, in relation I our inl tiia-
gcra ; thence to BulFalo and through the 'Empiri Stc.. cy. He chndidly told ime that it did not, require muuch
In 'lbany." penetration to sec that we were notoindiffere'i. to onie ano-i


other; and he said that he had remarked it from the begin-
ning with pleasure. All this was imparted to nme with so
much tact, and delicacy, and knowledge of human nature,
that while it delighted ine, it hardly awakened,an.emotion
of surprise. I could only press Mr. Tarleton's hand, and
bid him good night, with the serious determination of
throwing myself at Emily's feet the next time I saw her.
I did not forget my engagenontt with Marbury. At six
o'clock in the morning I was at the ferry, curious to see
if nmy friend's inamtorata was in any degree comparable-
with mine. I had not waited many minutes before I saw
his gig approaching. The lady whIxAaccompanied him
was closely veiled. Marbury. held out his hand to greet
me ; his fair companion at the e sale time raised her veil,
and revealed to my recoiling sight the features of-Emily
Tarleton!
I started back as if I had been staggered by a heavy
blow. I pressed my hand over my eyes, and looking
again to make assurance doubly sure, I rushed away, I
knew not whither. M1'arbury called after me in vain.
Even Emily's Why, Horace, what ails you ?" could not
detain te. I was at the end of the wharf in a minute,
and with one desperate leap I threw myself--not into the
river ; no, I wasn't quite soigreat a fool as to do thrat-but
into a steamboat, which "'-', le'-ing for New-York.
i i T l. 'i -i .
Three days after this adventure I' I ,. l .i my office
in Court-street, burrowing with mo1t. o .:.i.., than ever
among my law books A!y washed wvomtn had confided at
case of breach of promise to my hands, for which I was
arming myself cap-a-pee in the invulnerable brass-the
precedents and the technicalities of' my profession. I
studied night and day, and strove to overcome every re-
collection of the perfidiots Emily Tarleton. Sometimes,
however, when my candle was about sinking in thesock-
et, and tilhe closely printed page swam confusedly in my
sight, and a liim crept over lmly eyes, I would find my tru-
ant llioughts straying back to lithe scenes which I had wit-
nessed with that lovely but hear less creature. And then
I would lay y ily arnm upon mny desk, and my forehead upon
my armi, while-shall I confess my weakness ?-tears
would unconscious come to lily relief. No sooner, how-
ever, would I discover Ihose treacherous symbols of sor-
row, than I would rise from my seat, and uttering against
myself such exclainations as 'dolt! fool! booby!' I
would light a iresh candle, and, by way of punishment,
force myself to resume lily studies, and prolong my vigils
at least a couple of hours.
I was passing through olne of the corridors of the Tre-
ionut House ou tlhe iorimug olfthe day that my i."...r' irn.
case of' Susan Dimity versus Augustus Noodle .. .- i1. ILe
tried, when I heard isaning from one of the private paj-
lors a voice which arrested my attention. It gave utter-
ance to the words of a sonur, which awakened associations
at once pleasant and mournful to lmy soul. But it was
the voice rather than the music which vibrated through
every fibre of my frame. I could not be mistaken. The
door was ajar. I pushed it gently open. Yes, it was she
seated at the Piano!
*' Horace BcI kel --is it vou ?"
"Emily!"
A pause enisued. My fair friend seemed paler than
when I saw her last. "' 31a ;bury doesn't treat her well-
Wrietch that he is," I said to myself.
How could vyou leave ns so abruptly, Mr. Berkely, in
Albany ?" asked Emily.
Mr. Marbury is well, I trust ? I suppose he will be
wilh you soon." l
"No ; Charles followed" (she called hm.', 1 lIs '-
How connubial !" said I to myself;) Ch-i. h: ...-l.:.d
instantly in pursuit of you ; lie wrote us from New-York
lhat lie had leatiied yon ihad left for Detroit, and he added
that he should start inslt:illy for that place."
"Indeed! I can-not itingine what he cap want of me.
Your lthther is lully reconciled to him,'l -hope."
Tl,-'re was a d of hypocrisy inumy last speech.
0 yes, Charles had ouily been a little extravagant, and
Pa rinmonstrited very gmeily. Charles took it kindly, and
has promaiised to reform." I ;.
"And do yoi love him, Emily?"
"Love Charley Marbury I have loved him Jiarly
, from a chilf'. What an odd question."
I I bit my lips; and as M r. Tarleton entered the room at
the nmioniliet, I was saved from the utterance of a severe
retort, which just quivered upon my lips.
Mr. Tarleton gr-It-erd I,e v, ith undiminished cordiality.
Tl'here was sotltlhmig in hi. frtnk and elegant manner,
which attracted me ,rretissiby towards him. We had not
.-xlhiang-d many word'x hIowevc.r, before hlie inquired my
motives for leaving fthnmi so sodd tnlly.
.j1 was provol;ed at the idea that hle should put that ques-
tion, belving that lihe well knew the state of tmy feelings
toward Emily. I replied, that I could only leave it to
I. .....i..... of himself and Mlrs. Marbury to solve the
I. 11, i.. suiijct was a painful one to me, and I
wished it milghit e dropped."
Mrs. Marbuiry !" exclaimed Emily, looking about her
with an air of wonder.
Who the devil is Mrs. Marbury ?" asked Mr. Tarle-.-









264 THE NE W-Y OR KE R.


ton. "Has that scapegrace of a Charles been getting might have seen Pliny turning o'er the learned page, or
married ? Shouldn't wonder. Just like him." writing his work on Tactics, which the crumbling finger
If not married, Miss Emily may possibly inform you of time has consigned to the dark vale of oblivion. All
whii r- .et.i to his intentions u pon that head." the wo ks rf this voluminous writer have been lost during
SI i ,mt.r'i, i'm sure I know very little of Charles's the lapse of ages, except his Natural History.' No mania
movements or intentions." was ever more indefutigable in his application to study,
Then you knew nothing of his intention of running and although nuchli of his time was employed in civil at-
off with. Miss Emily Tarleton, arid -. iii,. married at fairs, he nevertheless found time to compose works on the
Providence?" asked I, looking Emily -,- ,.ti in thefiuce. mosi absiruse subjects. His habits of industry were al-
To my surprise she neither quailed nor blushed. Mr. most incredible,-accunstomed to commence his studies at
Tarleton approached me, and seemed to regard mie with one in the morning-never later than two, and sometimes
a look of compassion,-then dropping his voice, lie mnr- at mniditight. Thus lie was poring over his books, while
rAured, "Poor, poor fellow! Touched in the brain! I see others were locked in the soft embrace of sleep-and thus
how it is." the raised an imperishable monument to his talents, which
Is there any thing incredible in what I have uttered?" will withstand the severest shock of time, when brass and
I exclaimed. marble have crumbled to dust.
I What! would you persuade me that Charles intended He toiled and stowed the lumber in his brain,
to run off with his own sister ?" Ife toiled and dragged 11it out again,"
The truth, the whole truth, flashed upon me in an in-
stant .remembered havini- heard at college that Charles Kirke White, Roger Bacon, Walter Scott, Richard
MarlFir ty had inherited half a million of dollars from a Baxter, Sir Humphrey Davy, and we might add a long
bachelor uncle, on the condition that he should ...,..list of lilerary characters, were early.risers. It has been
his relative's name. I remembered Marbury's fondness said by a distingi.iished philosopher, that no man was ever
for a practical hoax. I had evidently been his dupe, and truly distigiisiied as a man of letters that aits accustom-
almost faint with confusion, I sank into a chair, exclaim- ed to rise late.
ing-" I see-I see it all! I have wronged yon, Emily No one can read lihe account of his death without drop-
Tarleton; I have been suffering under a ridiculonshallu. ping a tear of regret, that sech a mighty genius should
cination, which, I thank I-eaven, is now dispelled. I fill while endeavoring to rescue some of his friends from
will explain all. Do not laugh at my cre nlity.' the all-devouring element. After coming from the bath at
I then related the circumstances of my conversation the usual time on the 24th of August, he observed from
with Matbury-my promise to meet hi-i-my visit to the an eminence art unusual cloud of smoke, which the
ferry the next morning-the sightof Emily Tartetoni-and younger Pliny compares to a tall tree, for it shot up to a
my liasty departure from her presence. great distance in tie form of a trunk, and then spread
S"So Charley has been at the botloin of the mischief out in branches. Tihe sight of this cloud was awfully
i.- ,11l," said Mr. Tarleton. "Well: I might have grand, and filled the mind of the beholder with strange
n. *:..iJ as much. However, Horace, you may turn the forebodings. The like had never been seen before. The
laugh against him, for he has gone upon a wild-goose- lightning played round the top of Vesuvius-now of a
chase to Detroit in the expectation of finding you. We deep crimson, and iow of a peculiar green, and then a
must think of some good trick to piay upon him by the sickly paleness shadowed the top of the iou it:in. Pliny
-time he gets back. But come-the barouche is at the wishing a tearer view, ordered a boat arid sat out imme-
door-we are going to take a drive to Nahati., yon must diately for the ill-flted city. Hle iearc.ed the mountain
accompany us." until the stones and cinders began to fall into his boat, and
I did not decline the invitation. I forgot ali'about the. then ordered his servant to move off and nd land him at Sta-
.case'of Dimity versus Noodle. My soul had -.: ....... 1.-.1 bise, a short distance from Vesuvius, where lie could have
like a lark upbringing, from its depression,. ,.,', a fair view of the tremendous conflagration. Here he
cheek had grown brighter within the short time we had watched the devouringflanie a part of the night, anid
been together. As we rode slowly along the beach, and rewards morning lie threw hitnself upon the ground.
the fresh air came to us rolling over the big waves that But tired nature's sweet restorer' was not to be wooed
tumbled upon the shliore and spread theniselves out over amid such a grand event. Pliny soon arose and saw thick
the fine sand, in thin, glittering sheets of water that reach- ciolnmns of sim -ke miingle d with fl'unes ascending, and
ed to our carriage wheels, we inhaled thi exhilaration of all nature threatened them with instant destruction. Cin-
'the ocean air, the beauty of the nijistic scene But I tiers., ashes, and huge stones were falling in showers
must take some other opportunity of litigigntg the gentle around them,-the houses almost shook from their foun-
reader with a description of our adventures at Nahant. dations, and it seemed as though the artillery of both
Three weeks after this ride Emily handed tome a letter, worlds was brought to bear against these defenceless suf-
which she asked me to fold and direct to her brother. It forers. Some fled to the fields, having pillows upon their
was signed Emily T. Berkely.' heads, to defend them against the storm of cinders-oth
We met Marbury in Washington not many days since, rs betonk themselves to the sea which was groaning and
He gave uD ;a most enterlaillmng ccolUiit of his adventures. tn's ig, and. thousands in the iitnlost ponflision, were
Having arrived at Detroit, hi liad conceived thie idea that passing in every direction. 'f. the wife lost the husband,
I had gone to fling away my life in Texas. He started vain was the hope of seeking his protection,-the father,
off immediately in pursuit; visited Nacugdoches; was the mother, the child and aged parent, were torn asunder
apprehended by a party of Mexicans, amind ordered to be and scattered like the fragments of rocks that were hurled
shot; made his escape, and was afterwards seized by a frontm the bowels of the earth. Pliny was among the nium
division of Texian troops as a deserter. He .. ,,, II...I ber that fled to the field, where a darkness, worse than
tilh [h- impertinent officer who commanded i,.: '... ,, Egypt-ian, mt him. It was light every where else, but
i.:.-n ..J who was half disposed to hang him .,-,....I i".'. I pointed out the threatening destruction. Our
m..rti -. .rtial; was released hy General Hl-oustoi. 0, :.. 1 -t i ....." carelessly threw himself upon a blanket
N.: t. u. leans ; and, after many perils by flood and :.. c, iwhc one uof his servants had spread for him, but scarcely
arrived safely at the seat of government. had le closed his eyes in sleep, when a thick cloud, preg-
"And now, Charley," said Emily, after he had finished -mnt with destruction burst its fury upon him. He raised
his narration, will you not admit that 'vou li e received w is head from the ground, and war held up by a servant,
but an adequate punishment for the hoax you played off who saw by thue fai,. ghimier of a torch which he held ini
upon Horace?" his hand, that life's last sands of the inimbered hour were
We shall pay you back in kind one of these days," running-the beat of tho heart was too languid to be felt
said Mr. Tarleton. at the extremities of the frame--his eye was fixed, and its
Nay!" added I, Marbury's faith in practical joke, glassy stare e'en petrified him with horror-the restless
must be considerably diminished. We have had ample limbs were still and imolimniless-the breath became f ebler
e'en.'ie. and we can all now join heartily in the comedy and feebler-lie gasped-he groaned-hle was gone-he
.1 i '-1 well that ends well.' wa den l. Norwich Jir'al.
Charles seemed lost in meditation for a mo nont ; and T'i., was the same eruption of Vesuvius that destroyed Porn
hen, with an illuminating smile, hlie exclaimed: Egad! peil aiIdlerculaneum
Swas thinking if I had been shot by those blood-thirsty L IN E S. [nikerbocker.
Viexicans, howv-ha! ha! ha!-how you might havet'rn- As su-wu h, ..i. ou see eshg clouded
ud th.e laugh upon me. Wouldn't it have been a capital As shiun-oughu1 i, -- ...i on some welering cloud
Oke V" H. B That shilt, and .I., 1... er changeteful play,
oke anote biy the gildi u beams,
PLINY THE ELDER, Ott, THE NATURALIST. Picturele gorgeous sky,
About thirty years after Christ, Apion. a t disiinguished A d 'lovelinr seem tlan aught the earth can boast,
)hilologist, opened a school ill Riome, aril .., n,.i.;l. t.-.l Though all bun'uath ilie summer timed surface,
. large company of disciples. Among .. .t r .. The bosom of the mint,
ane from Comninu, who evinced a mind .. ... ,r., Is cold, and dark, and sad:
ast. He-had the applause of all who I ....' ,,,-,, ,,' .u, pours my soul a tlr usand eilen hues
aw him but to admire his learning. al,I..... i, .. ., f01 Faucy born. uiuai I,;.l .. 1.d hu :
nd none were more worthyof adimiratic., i- ..: i,. Nor e eds i. .1 .. i..1 ,i,
f arms and the cry of war, drew him :i...r. hi.'. ..mi,,. I Is like thii baseless cloud:
''1,, ..,,I 'n] ii t I .... 1, I '. i ,I,,. I. ., i .' .i u doli no t.le s d clihs,
: ri I. i,1i t1 ,,u' i,, i m ',iu,.l' ih,. i I ,l; a .it fad les dawa ht,
-':. i h. I 11 %9 i i i I sIs, fairer visions rise,
ei 'te r ar :i .-.' i', me.a- ,r' t r ht. tih" r* f'l,. ,., ,,, l yielt as tri te a bliss. E. F, E,


BERNADOTTE IN LOVE.-At the period when the states of
Grenoble, assembled at the Chateau de Vizille, were prepar-
ing the revolution of 1789. Bernadotte, then a sergeant, was
quartered in that town. Little dreaming of his future emi-
nence, he passed his time between his military duties, in
cards and gallantry. He had obtained considerable reputa-
tion among his comrades for his success in the latter art, and
made it a point of honor to sustain it. An opportunity pre-
sented itself on the famous day of' the tiles.' On that day,
as is well known, the women of Grenoble, mounted on. the
roofs of their houses, assailed the royal troops with a shower
of tiles. Bernadotte, being engaged with his regiment in
Rue Pertuisiere, was struck on the head by one of these pro-
jectiles, and fell. He was at first thought to be dead,-but,
manifesting some symptoms of life, he was conveyed into a
neighboring cafe, and laid upon a table, which is still preser-
ved and shown. He was not, however, destined to the fate
of Pyrrhus ; by degrees he began to recover, and, opening
his eyes, saw among the crowd who were tendering assist-
ance, a fair young girl, whose bright blue eyes were suffused
with tears, and whose emotion'was manifest at the pain he
appeared to suffer. He raised himself on his elbow, and, ga-
zing at her attentively, seemed struck with her beauty. Af-
ter a little time, finding himself better, he called for a glass
of randy, and rejoined his regiment.
Quiet being established at Grenoble, Bernadotte left no
means unemployed to discover this fair unknown. For three
weeks he continued his romantic search, when, one day,
while pensively walking in the Jardin de Ville, he saw her
approaching. He watched her home, and, returning the
next day, found the means of obtaining access to her house,
and declared his love. The girl -'as named Amelie ; she
was a dress-maker, and about eighteen years of age; but
there was a rival in the field-a young watch-maker of the
town. Not knowing how to dispose of him, and moreover
being violently in love, Bernadotte spoke of marriage, think-
ing by that means to overcome all difficulties, but he failed.
Amelic loved neither the citizen nor the hero; but the
first was a watch-maker, and the other nothing at all, not
even a King of Sweden. She preferred the shop to the ha-
vresack, and became thefianscee of the watch-r"aker. When
Bernadotte heard her decision, his fury knew no bounds ; he
rushed to the house of his rival, and declared his love and
his pretensions to the hand of Amrnelie, and challenged his ri-
val to decide the question by the sword. The watch-maker
was nothing lotb, and the parties met. The citizen, little
accustomed to the use of his weapon, was soon severely
wounded, and Bernadotte hastened to the house of his mis-
tress. JIe had been there but a few minutes, and had even
forgotten the occurrence which had just taken place, when a
loud knocking was heard at the door. It was the wounded
lover of Amelie, brought thither apparently in a dying state.
She was overwhelmed with grief and horror, and, turning to
Bernadotte, loaded him with the severest reproaches and
drove him from the house. He saw her for the last time ;
in a month, she became the wife of the watch-maker. Ber-
nadotte, when he hea'r'd' it, determined first to shoot her, then
to murder her husband, and finally to- blow out his own
brains. Fortunately for his future crown, he did neither.
The blue-eyed heroine of this adventure-now alive, a de-
crepit, crooked, wrinkled old woman, a servant at a com-
mon inn, and in a state of abject poverty-related the circum-
stance a short time since. Al, sir," said she, in conclu-
ding her story, I should have done better if I had married
Bernadotte-i should have been a Queen now, sir!-yes, a
Queen, instead of waiting upon every body here I should
have had a court, and subjects, and fine clothes-I should
have been a Queen! Ah, I made a great mistake-a sad
mistake! I ought to have foreseen this, for I assure you,
sir, Monsieur Bernadlotte was not a common man. I had a
kind of presentiment that something would happen-but
what would you have ? When we are young, we do not re-
flect; we are ambitious ; we refuse kingdoms, and make
fools of ourselves !"-saying which she shed tears.
When asked if she had ever heard any thing froin him, she
answered, Never, sir: I have written to him several times
since he became a King, but he has never returned any an-
swer. My husband says it is because I did not frank my
letters. It is very likely ; and then, perhaps, he may still
feel annoyed at my refusal. If we were bolh free again, and
I had any money, I would go to Sweden. Perhaps he would
marry me, or at any rate give me his linen to mend. That
would bie *..".. l... after all."
From a diademn to a darn Could Love himself have con-
ceived any thing more romantic .

CoN'rriwTrTS.NT.-Though I ani not ofopinion, with some
wis.e men, that tilhe existence of o objects depends on idea,
yet I am convinced that their appearance is not a little in-
fluiienced by it. The opiics of sole minds are so unhap-
pily conislrncted as to throw a certain shade on ev,,ry pic-
inre that is presented to them ; while others, like the mir-
rors of the ladies, have a wondel'il effect in bettering
their complexions.
PRESENCE or MIND.-in Il ttuig lip a stove-funnel in a
lofty room, to find the scaffolding'giving away, and with a
jump catching hold of a spike in the ceiling by the teeth.











EDITORIAL-POLITICAL. 26.


SATURDAY, JANUARY 14, 1837.

The Presidential Election.-Although the recent contest
for the choice of a successor to the present Chief Magistrate
of our Federal Republic is so fully decided that it is no long-
er a matter of general interest 'and discussion, we have
thought proper to embody in one succinct statement a view
of the result. The votes of the several States were cast by
their respective Electoral Colleges as follows :


STATES.
Maine .......................... ...
New-Hampshire.....................
Massachusetts .......................
Rhode Island........................
Connecticut.........................
Vermont........................
New-York .......................
New-Jersey........................
Pennsylvania...................
Delaware............................
Maryland...........................
Virginia....... ...................
North Car lina .......................
South Carolina.......................
Georgia..............................
Ohio ......... .......................
Indiana.............................
Illinois...............................
Kentucky...........................
Tennessee...........................
Alabama...........................
M ississippi...........................
Louisiana ...........................
Mlissonri............................


President. V. President.




to 10
7 7
14 14
4 4


ArKansas........................ .... u 3u
Total .......................... 167 73 26 14 11 144,7 47 T23
We were mistaken in the presumption that the Michigan
Electors did not vote for President. They did assemble and
cast their votes for Van Buren and Johnson. We do not
know that an effort will be made to have them counted, and
the matter is of little practical importance, since Mr. Van
Buren is elected without them, and Col. Johnson (beside
being sure of an election by the Senate) would not have a
majority of the Electoral Votes if these were allowed. His
vote would then be 147 out of 294--just one-half. Whether
the Michigan Senators, if seasonably a mitted, should in
justice vote in the election of a Vice President, is another
and quite a different question.
Mr. Van Buren, it will be seen, has received the votes of
fourteen out of twenty-five States : seven of the thirteen old
States, seven of the twelve new States,.seven of the twelve
Slave States. He has 29 of the 50 votes of New-England,
72 of the 101 votes of the Middle States, including Mary-
land, 54 of the 81 votes of the Southern States, 12 of the
72 votes of the Western States. Of the votes of the Slave
States, 62 are cast for him and 66 against him.
It may be regarded as an honorable testimonial to the
worth of the respective cand'dales for the Presidency, or a
proof of the influence of local feelings, that each of them (for
Mr. Mangum was not a candidate) received a very decisive
i-ajority in his own State ; while, by a singular fatality, not
one of the four candidates supported for the Vice Presiden-
cy received the vote of his State. The fault, we need hardly
say, rests with the circumstances, for each has a very consi-
derable local popularity.-Judge Smith, wvho was voted for
by Virginia, was himself an Elector, and voted for Van Biu-
ren ansd Johnson.
There has been much disquisition in the political journals
with reference to the question-Had the President elect an
actual majority of the popular votes cast for Electors 1 Of
course, this is matter of speculation only, having reference
to ulterior measures disconnected with the mere elevation
of M r. Van Buren ; since, if but half a million of the million
and a half of actual voters had supported him, his election
would be in no degree vitiated thereby.-The correct answer
to the (qieslion depends upon the estimate of the popular
vote of South Carolina, where the Electors are chosen by the
Legislature, and where theire is no party formed in reference
to the Presidency, though the Government, the public press,
and the Congressional Delegation, are almost without excep-
tion opposed to Mr. Van Buren. The Opposition prints, fol-
lowing the U. S. Telegraph, place the Anti-Van Buren ma-
'jority at 40,000. If this estimate mean only that if the whole
State were polled on the question i Vtan Brend or Anti-


Van Buren, there would be such a majority, it may be not
far from the truth ; but if it imply that any such majority
would have been given for any one of the candidates opposed
to Mr. Van Buren, it is much too high. If the Opposition
majority in Carolina be rated at 20,000, there will be an in-
considerable majority for Van Buren in the whole Union ; if
at 30,000, it will be against him. The truth is, there is
very little disparity between the two parties, if they may pro-
perly be considered as such. The Opposition doubtless ob
trained some votes on local and peculiar grounds which no
one of their candidates would have received ; while they lost
in other instances by their divisions, and by the general pre-
sumption that these most inevitably ensure their defeat.-
The vote of the several States, both popular and Electoral,
is exhibited in the following table :
STATES. V. B. Wilig. V. B. Whig.
Maine.................. 22,9011...... 15.239...... 10 ......
New-Hampshire........ 18,722...... 6,228...... 7 ......
Vermont................. 14,039 ...... 20,.90. ..... ...... 8
Massachusetts........... 33,273...... 41,099 ...... ...... 14
Rhode Island.......... 2,964 ...... 2,711)... 4 ......
Connecticut ............ 19,285...... 18,762 ...... 8
New-York ............ L-6,815......138.543...... 42 ...
New-Jersey............. 25,847 ...... 26,392...... ...... 8
Pennsylvania............ 91,474...... b7,111 ...... 30 .....
Delaware................ 4,152 ...... 4,734 ...... ......... 3
Ohio..................... 96,916 ......105,417 ...... ...... 21
Mari and .... ... : ...... 22,163...... 25,852...... ...... 10
Kentucky ..... ....... 33,025 .... 36,87 ...... ..... 15
Virginia............... 30,261 ...... 23,368...... 23 ......
North Carolina.......... 26,910...... 23,626...... 15 ......
South Carolina.......... ...... 20,00 maj.t(estim) ...... 11
Georgia ............. 22,014...... 24,786 ........ ...... 1
Tennessee............ 26.129 ...... 35,962...... ...... 15
Indiana. ............... 32,478 ...... 41,281 ...... ......
Illinois................. ,917...... 14,983.... ...
Missouri ................ 10.995 ..... 7,337 ..... 4 ......
Alabama ................ 19,228...... 15,788...... 7 ......
Mississippi ... ....... 9,970.... 9,638 ...... 4 ...
Louisiana ............... 3,633...... 3,38-2...... 5 ......
Arkansas.. ............. 2,400.... 1,238...... 3 ......
Total............. 754,501...... 75,203...... .167 ...... 24

The Postmaster General's Report-qgain.-We are re-
minded, by the reception of a letter from a Southern gentle-
'man personally unknown to us, (enclosing fiftten subscribers
and' the consideration' therefore) of the extraordinary doc-
trines set forth by Mr Amos Kendall in his Annual Report
from the Post Office Department, in relation to the public
press. Although we indulged in a few comments thereon
when we published the Report, the reader will bear with us
a few moments while we further demonstrate their fallacy
and injustice.
Mr. Kendall sets out with the assumption that, since the
present rates of postage were established, newspapers have
not only increased in number, but many of them have grown
to an inordinate size.' Now, we respectfully suggest, that
the publishers and the patrons of newspapers have a right to
put in a word here, and that when they agree that a certain
size for newspapers is most properand mutually satisfactory,
it argues little modesty in a public functionary to declare
that size inordinate.' Mr. K. wishes to remodel his rates
of postage in such manner as to aid the grand experiment of
regulating the currency, and to this we do not object; but
when he attempts the regulation of the press, with the avow-
ed purpose of curtailing the size and the circulation of jour-
nals such as our own, we m:st be allowed to speak out.
But, says Mr. Kendall, it is not necessary that large
quantities of newspapers should be transported from one end
of the Union to the other, to enlighten and instruct the pub-
lic m;nd : that office can as well be performed by the local
presses as by newspapers from a distance.' Indeed Let us
instance the fifteen Mississippi gentlemen above mentioned,
who just now voluntarily sent us their names as subscribers
for The New-Yorker. Could trie kind of matter which they
will receive through our paper be obtained through any of
the local journals '! Certainly not. There is no paper with-
in. the State of Mississippi, aud scarcely olie within live hun-
dred miles of it, which pretends to be at 0ll similar in charac
Ler to ours. Nor could any such he supported there at pre-
sent, (for other reasons than a want of patronage,) though
such there doubtless will be in due season. There are very
good newspapers published iu that Salte-just such as the
general wants of the community require-and we state with
great pleasure that they are far more lucrative than ours.-
The weeklies are $3, $4, and $5 pir annum, and gloriously
filled with profitable advertising. It dIo., tlhe heart of a pub-
lisher good to look at them. WVe believe there is not a sin-
gle paper printed in the State which is not abundantly pros,


perous. And not one of them, so far as a pretty extensive
acquaintance with them enables us to state, harbors a fraction
of the pitiful jealousy which the P. M. G. would stimulate.-
They know that a town or village which takes fifty copies of
foreign periodicals will at the same time afford a better su1p-
port to its local papers than another which takes but five from
abroad. They know, if Mr. Kendall does not, that there are
literary tastes in the community beyond what they are calcu-
lated or intended to satisfy ; and that to destroy the widely
circulating periodicals with the idea of favoring theirs would
be like burning all the colleges and academies in the coun-
try under the pretence of aiding common schools.
But there is still another view of the case. There are
some thirty or forty considerable religious denominations in
the country, each of which sustains one or more journals,
and each has doubtless followers in every State. Most of
the ardent, intelligent, influential among them desire at least
one periodical each, devoted to the exposition and defence of
his own peculiar faith. Now, there is ,in fact but a single
religious (Methodist) journal in Mississippi-and none, we
believe, in more than one of the adjoining States. Says the
Presbyterian, the Baptist, the Episcopalian, the Universalist,
or the Catholic-' I want a periodical devoted to the main-
tenance of my own religious sentiments, and giving accounts
of the welfare and progress of the denomination, even though
[ must send to a Northern city for ic.' Nonsense !' replies
Mr. Kendall, that office can as well be performed by the lo-
cal presses as by newspapers from a distance.' Now, if a
twelve-column medley of fierce party politics, necessarily
meagre details of news, with accounts of the latest duels,
street-stabbings, and horse-races, eked out with advertise-
meats of plantations, negroes, cotton bagging, etc. i.)ll ,..;y
well in their place) be all the mental aliment required by Mr.
K. very well-no one insists that he shall read any thing
e'se-but his assumption that every body else'must also be
satisfied with it is most unwarrantable.
Mr. Kendall professes to a argue against the reduction of
newspaper postage. Who has asked him to reduce it? We
believe the best regulation would be to charge each paper
sent regularly from the publishers one cent, and each one
thrown in casually two, four, or six cents. But all the favor
we ask of him is that he compel his hirelings' to forward
and deliver our sheets with regularity and proper despatch,
without stealing, losing, destroying or defacing one-half of
them by the way arid that he do not himself lead on an un-
just and insidious crusade against the press, or that portion
of it which includes our own jouriai. We believe his pro-
ject of transmitting newspapers of cabbage-leaf size at half-
price would have a tendency to degrade the character of the
American press, as well intellectually as superficially. As
to the plan of imposing extra postage on sheets of an inor-
dinate' size, we do not object. If this affect any one injuri-
ously, it will be the reader rather than the publisher. We
dislike what he proposes to do much less than the reasons
he assigns for doing it.
But,' says Mr. Kendall, the principle is believed to be
a good one in relation to the mails, that every thing shall
pay its own way.' The Clerks in our City Post Office will
not abide by this doctrine of their superior. They charge
us t5 cents on one letter and but 25 on another just as
large and heavy, only because they have been prying into
anid scrutinizing the former (holding it between their eyes
and a candle) aid have jumped at the conclusion that there
are two bank hills in it. The fact;i:s, the principle' laid
down by the P. M. G. is palpably fallacious and opposed to
Ihe entire organization and action of the General Post Office.
Let him carry it out, and he will discontinue half the mail-
routes in the country. Admit it, and letters from Albany to
this city should be charged three cents in summer and six in
winter, while those from Natchlitoches, Galena, and Little
Rock, should pay dollars.
But we are not at all reluctant to apply this principle, on a
liberal and statesman-like construction, and abide by. it. It
would be easy to demonstrate that it were better h..r ihe De-
partment to carry the newspapers for nothing than not to
have them distributed, and far more .irolitable to carry them
for o:ie cent each than to charge six. Let the reader only
look at the subject comprehensively, observing how greatly
the number of letters is increased by the diffusion of neis
caners, and he cannot fail of nercnivina thin Rnt ann,,,













Mr. Kendall suggests that it would be as well to collect
the postage on newspapers in advance of the publishers, and
take half price ; and this, he thinks, would afford as much
revenue as the present mode. If so, then half the newspa-
pers now sent must be stolen by the postmasters or lost on
the way, which we think too high an estimate. One-fourth
would be nearer the mark. We should be happy to close
with the proposition of Mr. K. if he will hold -himself ac-
countable as a common carrier for the safe delivery of the
papers so mailed and post-paid. Is not this perfectly fair !-
It is bad enough for the publisher and the subscriber to lose
their papers, but to pay the postage oit them and then lose
them we should relish still less.

Congress.-Both Houses have given evidence the past
week of a prevalent disposition to apply themselves ear-
nestly to business ; and although little has been accom-
plished, much has been brought forward in such a man-
ner as to invite the consideration of the members. We
have yet great hopes that this will lie emphatically a busi-
ness session, though lit le will be perfected this month.
For the present, our reports will be characterized by bre-
vity, leaving the reader to understand for himself that in
either House a large number of petitions are presented,
resolutions offered, and reports communicated every
.morning, which we notice only when of especial interest.
On Thursday of' last week, the Senate passed the bill
providing for the admission of Michigan as a State of the
Union: Yeas '5; Nays 10. Mr. Calhoun and other op-
ponents of the bill expressed great regret that it was so
framed that they could not vote for it, though anxious for.
the admission proposed.
It the House, Mr. Allan's resolution, looking to a grant
of Public Lands to those States which have not yet re-
ceived any, was further discussed by Messrs. Harrisoen of
elo. and Haunegan of Ind. (We are inclined to think
this a mischievous proposition, which can lead to no
good.) A motion to lay it on the table was lost: Yeas
95; Nays 99.
Mr. Robertson of Va. resumed and continued his
Speech on Mr. Wisi's resolution, which he had not con-
cluded when the House adjourned.
On Friday, the Mint Bill was partially considered in
the S'enate. Mr. Southard concluded his remarks on the
'proposition to rescind the Treasury Circular.
In the House, nothing of consequence occurred save a
smart skirmish between Messrs. Gillett of N. Y. and
\l iii, ,., of Ohio, on a question of printing certain
documents. Neither getitlemen distinguished himself.
A bill for the relief of Robert P. Letcher and Thomas P.
Moore, who recently contested the light to a seat in the
House, was passed : Yeas 125; Nays 64.
Rev. Mr. Goodman has been elected Chaplain to the
Senate.
Oni Saturday, the Senate did not sit. Mr. Gholson, the
new Member from Mississippi, took his seat in the House.
Mr. Bell gave notice of a bill to secure the Freedom of
Elections. Mr. Lane offuId. spoke at length in opposi-
lion to Mr. C. Allati's resolution. The Michigan Bill
front the Senate c me up, and was read twice, and post-
ponted to Tuesday. An attempt to commit it iiniediately
to dithe Cotmmiittee of the Whole was successfully resisted.
On Monday', tile Treasury ( ir'.. i 1 .' ,- the order
of the day in the Senate. Mr. Strange of N. C. spoke at
length on the general subject, and in defence of the le-
gality of the Circular. Mr. Webster briefly replied, with
reference to his own opinions and views in 1816 and at
present.
In the House, Mr. Adams gave notice of an intention to
offer some proposition with referel'nce to an international
copy-right, securing to lbreign authors the profits a rising
from: the sale of their writings in this country.
Mr. Adams presented sundry petitions from his District.
praying for the Abolion of Slavery.in the District of Co-
lumbia, A scene of great excitement and disorder en-
sued. Mr. Glascock of Ga. objected to the reception of'
the first petition. Mr. Parks of Me. moved !o lay the
question ofreception on the table, which prevailed : Yeas
130; Nays 469. Mr. G. renewed his motion on tihe second
petition, and a furious debate ensued, which was finally
stopped by t!h e preaint0 question; an4 the House deci-


THE NEW-YORKER.

ded to receive the petition: Yeas 137, Nays 75. This was
the highest vote taken this session, and was very nearly
sectional-the Members from the free S:ates voting to re-
ceive, and those from tilhe Slave States to reject the peti-
tion. The Georgia Union' Members, however, gene.
rally voted with the majority. An effort was made to pre-
vent the reading of the petition by Mr. A. but he perse-
vered, in spite of furious vociferations, calls to order, and
other manifestations of displeasure. The House, after
receiving the petitions, voted to lay them on the table:
Yeas 151; Nays 50.
On Tuesday the President transmitted to the Senate a
message on the subject of a Ship Canal from the Atlantic
to the Pacific Ocean across the Isthmus of Darien. It
states that the report of the agent sent to ascertain the
feasibility of the project, was not so favorable as to induce
him to enter into any negotiations on the subject.
A Bill making appropriations for the payment of Revo-
lutionary and other pensioners were considered and or-
dered to a third reading..
The resolution for rescinding the Treasury Order again
came up, and Mr. Rives addressed the Senate wish great
energy and ability thereon, and on the subject of Banks
and Specie generally. He opposed the project of an ex-
elusive specie currency, but advocated the restriction of
paper money. When he had concluded, Mr. Clay ob-
tained the floor for to-morrow.
In the House, Mr. Davis of Ind. asked.a suspension of
the rule in favor of a resolution declaring that all petion-
ers, &c. on the subject of abolishing Slavery isn the Dis-
trict of Columbia be laid on the table without reading,
reference, or printing. Lost: Yeas 102; Nays 78-not
two-thirds in favor.
Mr. Bell attempted to introduce his bill to secure the
freedom of elections,' but it was declared by the Speaker
out of order at this tium. The interminable debate on
Mr. Wise's resolution was at length resumed, and the day
worn out by Mr. French of Ky. and Mr. Hamer of Ohio,
in speeches on matters in general, calculated for home
consumption.
Oin Wednesday, in Senate, Mr. Walker offered a re-
solution contemplating an acknowledgement of the inde-
pendence of Toxas. Mr. W. does not propose to call up
this resolution at present. In his remarks thereon, lhe
stated that he had just received information that the new
Mexican expedition' against Texas had been broken up
and abandoned, that the commander-iu-chief hald resigned,
and that the melisure now advocated by him had the ap-
probation ofl the President.
Thie debate on the Treas'iry Order was resumed, and
Mr. Clay addressed thle Senate two hours in reply to Mr.
Rives, and upon the subject of the Order and the currency
generally. Wnen ie he d concluded, Mr. Rnggles of Me.
made a few observations, and Dr. Niles of Conn. moved
the reference of the resolution to the Communittee on Pub-
lice Lands.
In the House, Mr. Cambreleng, froim the Committee of
Ways and Means, made a report of formidable length ont
the subject of' the Surplus Revenue, recommending a
sweelpig reduction of the Tariff, ini.olving a complete
overtlihrow of the Compromise of 1832. It was accnom-
paniuid by the following bill :
A Bill to reduce the. levenuo of' the United States to the wants
of the Governnuin :
Sec. 1. Be it enacted that, from and after the 30th day of
September next, in all cases w here ihtlie's are imposed on fbr-
rig ni imports by Ibh act of the 14th July, 1832, entitled ", ]t
act to tller eld 1and i d the. several acts n''p- i dlii'-''s on imt-
ports," or by ally other clt, sliill exce. .i 1" cent. oi tie'
value thereof, one-third part of such excess shall be deduct-
l. Frim o -it Il alier hlie 31st of Mareb, 1837, one half ol f Oti
roidune of sucih excess shall be d educated ; any thing in thie
act of March, 183:t3, to the contrary ti;ltwiith.tunijlinig.
Sec.2. 2. And be it firllthur ei:cledt that, from and after thi(
30th f' Septeinter next, the dnties on Salt and Coal shall In
and the same are hereby repealed."
After the report had been read, Mr. C. moved its rei
firence t tthe Committee of the Whole Holise on tit.
state of the Union.
Mr. Lawrence, of Bost,'n followed in opposition to the
bill,asldestruclive to the manufacturing and other produc-
tive i'cerests of the country. He moved ils indefinite post-
ponemett. When lie had concluded, ten or twelve menm.
bers took possession of the floor, but it was adjudged to
Mr. Corwin of Ohio. The House immediately adjourned. I


NORTH-CAROLINA.-Tile Legislature of this State have
elected Daniel W. Courts (V. B.) of Surry Co. Public
Treasurer. He received 83 votes, J H. Wheeler 36, J.
Dowd 22, S. F. Patterson 18. Mr. Patterson, the old
Treasurer, resigned on account of the inadequacy of the
salary. Richmond M. Pearson (W.) of Chatham, has
been elected a Judge of the Supreme Court, having 82
votes, while T. P. Devereux and others had 76.-An
election for Councillors of State resulted as follows:
Van Buren. Whig.
Col. James Wat* .. .......82 Allen Goodwin* ...........81
Allen Rogers, sen.* ........82 Jones..............79
George ,\\ illiamson*...... 811] C. E. Johnston ............78
Archibald H. Davis.......80 Perrv ..............78
W illiam S. Ashe...........9 Ellis'on.............78
Archibald M'Diarmid......79 McRae .............77
Francis L. Dancy.......... 77 1 Busbee............75
S* Electd.
Another trial resulted in the election of Mr. Johnston
(W.) who had 81, and Mr. Dancy (V. B.) who had' 80
votes. So the new Council will consist of two political
friends of the Governor, and five opposed to him.
Gov. Dudley was inaugurated on the 31st. His Inau-
gural Address is modest, conciliatory, and would hardly
exceed a colunui of our paper. The Governor shows
equal wisdom and dignity in declining to intermeddle
with National politics.
The following is the official canvass of the votes cast at
the two great Elections of 1836:
S ..*'.. it.ESIDENT-November.
Counties. L.,,11 a1 uan tiuien. \viihg.
Ausouin ................. j U..... 2. 2... 299.... 689
Ashe .................. 3(6.... 431.... .43 .... 297
Bertie................. .336 .... 489 ...... 180 .... 616
Beaufort .............. 753.... 236...... 442.... 312
Bladen................ 324.... 345...... 263.... 195
Brunswik ........ .59 .... 124...... 88.... 123
Buicon be ............. 1194.... 533...... 350.... 724
Burke .............. ns. ....... 332 .... 74
Cabarrus .............. 643.... 227 ...... 231.... 440
Caimden............... 425 .... 49 ...... 88. ... 157
Carto ret.............. 372 .... 243...... 152.... 123
Caswell ............... 116 .... .1667 ...... 1055 .... 167
Chatham .............. 9;32.... 627...... 599 .... 718
Chowan ........... .... no returns. ....... 140.... 203
Columbus.............. 210.... 5...... 159 .... 112
raven ................ 268 .... 61b9...... 23 .... lb7
CAunberland........... 499.... 19 ...... 657 .... 418
Cerrituck.............. 70. ... 419 ...... 424 .... 33
David.on .............. 1289 .... 69 ...... 109 .... 593
IDapih ................ 300 .... 754...... 682 .... 197
yiwgeconibe............ 71 .... 1191...... 1175 .... 90
Franklin.............. 308.... 564...... 584.... 283
Gates................. no returns ........ 28 .... 103
Gianville............. 977.... 391...... 494.... 664
Greene .............. 171 .... 27; ...... 178.... 143
Guilford............... 1145.... 475 ..... 335.... 758
Haliflix.................. 565 .... 4165 .... 33 .... 495
tHaywood ............. L13 .... 459 ..... 205. ... 136
1-Irtl rd....': .. 376 ..... :264 ..... 214.... 253
Hyde................ 450 .... 158...... 74.... 169
Iredtll............... 226 ..... 337.... 772
Johnston .............. 364 ... 672...... 44.... 306
Jones ................ 2 ... 12 ..... 1 90.. 155
Lenoir .............. 192.... 385 ...... 61.... 172
Lincoln.. ............ 95 .. .. 1674 ..... 1386. ... 591
Macon................ 275.... 4350...... 288.... 182
M martin ................ .251. ... 519 ...... 559 .... 179
Mecklenburg .......... 819... .195...... 915.... 712
ItInigoniery.......... 1048. ... 93 ...... 106... 644
Moore ................. 342 .... 545 ...... 498.... 181
iNash.................. 102 .... 679 ...... 481 .... 95
Now Hanioer .......... 224 .... 730...... 735 .... 1501
Northaimpton........ 604.... 34 ..... 183 .... 359
Ouslow............. .. 252 .... 518. .... .... 149
0.aege ............... 1237 .... 113. ...... 103 .... 905
PaI'qtiotank,............ 49t ... 2. 9 .. 9. 15 .... 2o,0
lPe I ii i n ............ 479. .. 49...... 50 .... 166
Person ................ 230 .... 49 .. .. 5,7 .... 10I
l'itt............ ..... 82 .... ..... 368 .... ,77
Rtaud lph .............. 1000.... 112 ...... 180.... 349
Richiimond............ 617 .... 60 ...... 57 .... 1(8
Rolesou, ............... 409 .... 508 ...... 472 .... 293
Ro kinglhamn........... 300 .... 81C ...... 860.... 223
lto ane............... 1642.... 117 ...... 108 .... 1131
]Ruttherord ............ 147: .... 588. ...... 449 .. 929
Sampson ............. 419.... 66 ...... 55). .... 297
Slkes ................ 628 .... 8 21. ...... .78 .... 684
Surr v.................. 883 ... 1035...... 865 .... 617
Tvrrell.............. 339 ... 2.95 ..... 35.... 1 9
ake............... 864 .... 891 ...... 813 .... 665
CWarren, ............... 92 ... 673 .. .. 61 .... 0 6
W aislii i n n........... 377 .... :34 ...... 48. 193
W ayne ................ 1380 .... 716 ...... 551 .... 162
W ilkes................ 1126 .... 158 .... 209.... 741
Ya cy,................ 105... 542 ...... 267.... 138
*I'on] ............. :.33,993.. 29.5950.. .. 26,910.. ;:3 (2 6
DulIley's nuj... 4,043. \sn Btiiren's ninj... 3.284.
Thie vote in Aigust of lthie three counties of Burke,
Chio wan, alid ( Gates, froii which no returns were receiv-
ed, was about 2,5011, and the Whig majority about 700.
The actual vote in August was therefore about 16,000
higher than that in November,












GENERAL NEWS. 1


INDIANA-Official.
Counties. Har. V.B. Counties. Har. V.B.
1st District. Randolph.......... 633...234
Posey.............330...751 Henmy.... ..... 1304...712
Vanderburgh.......269...130 Delaware..........369...307
Warrick...........157...380 Huntington........ 52... 67
pencer ............ 171.. .17 Allen,........... 333.. .266
Perry..............392... 114 Grant ............. 238...130
3rawford..........196...166 Wabash........... 122... 47
Flarrison..........747.. .456 Lagrange ........ 138...150
range.. ..... 483...564 Adams ...... .... 68... 28
3ibson...........496.. .425 Jay.............no returns
Pike ..............226.. .218 Noble...... ...... 49... 80
Dubois............. 163...127 .
oa .Total...........7273..4119
Total ........... 3632.. 3510 District
2d District6th District.
Knox............ 736.. .437 Maion ... .......688...675
DI)aviess............ 438...253 Shelby ............ 688...675
Martin..............142-..197 Bartholomew....... .608.. .412
Lawrence.......... 670.. .815 Gaass .............. 513...42186
Owen, ............. 427...286 Boone ............. 464...421
Greene ............ 36 .. 330 Fulton,........... 55... 39
Sullivan ........... 20 .33.558 dison ..........486...367
Vigo .............. 963.. .287 Morgan........... 666.. .543
Clay ...............153.. .251 Hanmilton .........569...263
Putnan .......... 1067.. .694 Johnson........... 438...550
Hendricks......... 731.. .390
Total...........5165..4108 Miami.............133... 80
3d District. Monroe and Brown.524.. .604
Washington,.......556... 947
Floyd.............. 574...499 Total ........... 7*1. .5974
Clark..............893...978 7th District,
Scatt ..............294.. .267 Montgomery......1066.. .752
Jackson.......... 439...307 Tippecanoe....... 1244.. 1041
Jennings.........625..292 P.rke...25.. 29 Parke............. 828...534
Jefferson ........ 1172.. .679 Elkhart........... 354...303
'tal.. ...4654..3969 Carroll............ 375...565
otal...... ..... 4654..399 Lap rte ........... 490...45
D tri District. 1 Clinton '..l 43 7
Decatur ........... 950 513 Warren ............ 41... 320
Franklin ........... 963...375 Fountain........ 697...948
Ripley,........... 663...403 St. Joseph....... 490.. .255
Switzerland........630...519 Vermillion...... 574.. .439
Dearborn.........1203..1282 hite...... ..109.. .106
Rush.............1167.....749 Marshall........... 94... 42
Total,...........5576..4391 Porter............. 87... 69,
5th District. Kosciusko.........160...149
Union.............766...608 Total.......... 7430.. 6407
Fayette,...........965...545
Wayne ............ 285...985 Grand Total, 41,281 32,478
Harrison's majority.................8,803.
MASSACHUSETTs.-The Legislature of this State assem-
bled at Boston on Wednesday of last week. ilon. Horace
Mann (W.) of Suffolk was elected President of the Semn-
ate, having 21 votes to J3 for L. M. Parker (V.B.) and 2
scattering. Chas. Calhoun was re-elected Clerk, having
22 out of 32 votes. In the House, Hon. Julius Rockwell
(W.) of Pittsfield was re-elected Speaker, having 357
votes, while Robert Rautoul,jr. (V.B.) of Gloucester had
216. and-there were 3.scattermsi. Luther S. Cushing was
unanimously chosen Clerk. Both Houses, being thus or-
ganized, adjourned to the following day, when the An-
nual Election Sermon was delivered.by Rev. Dr. Dana
of Newburyport.
DELAWARE.-Tlie Legislature of this State assembled
at Dover last week. Acting Governor Polk transmitted
the usual Message, informing the two Ilousea that he had
not been able to fill temporarily the vacancy in the U. S.
Senate caused by the resignation of Hon. John M. C!ay-
ton. An election was thereupon had, and Hon. Thomas
Clayton (Whig) Chief Justice of the Superior Court, and
brother of the late Senator, was chosen. It is intimated
that Hon. J. M. Clayton may be elevated to the vacant
Judgeship.
MIARYLAND.-A new Executive Council has been form-
ed in this State, consisting of Gwynn flarris, Willn. F.
Johnson, John McKenny, N. F. Williams, and Win. F
Ives. Mir. Harris, having received the highest vote (73)
in the Legislative joint ballot, is President of the Council.
The members are all Whigs of course, and were elected
without serious opposition.
ILLINOIS.-The following is the vote for Senator at the
recent election by the Legislature of Illinois :
lt b.dlolt. 2d bult. 3d ballot.
R. M. Youngg.........56 ............60............ 68
S. 'l'Roberts..........28.......... 28............ 24
A. W illiams...........21............14............17
W I. 1). Ewing ....... 13 ............ 14............ 12
tJuidge Browni .......... JO............ 4........... 7
Youtmg's majority on 3i1 bhllot.......... .8.
MARYLAND -The Legislaure of this State has decided,
by a vote of 53 to 15, to increase the representaMion of the
city of Baltimore in that body. Jas. D. Carpenter has
.been elected Speaker pro tem. Mr. Speaker Gantt being


INDIANA.-The Legislature of this State have negative
a bill contemplating a still more extensive system of Inter-
nal Improvement for that State than that already autho-
rized. The vote stood 64 to 38.
ILLINOIS.-The Message of Gov. Duncan is very severe
upon alleged abuses in the Administration of the General
Government, nearly a column being given up to a denun-
ciation of the means by which, as is asserted, Mr. Van
Buren has been foisted into the Presidential Chair.-We
suspect Gov. D. might as well decline a reelection.
PENNSYLVANIA.-The total receipts of tolls on the Pub-
lic Works of Pennsylvania during the year 1836 are
$837,805 72.
Reuben MT. Whitney is at length destined to be hauled
over the coals' by a Select Committee of the House of
Representatives. We do not believe said Committee will
be able to make any thing out of him. The Opposition
press is just now making an outcry about a certain letter
or secret circular addressed by him to the several Deposite
Banks, a month'since, in relation to their mutual interests
-which letter somebody has surreptitiously given to the
public. We do not see that it aimounis to much, except
perhaps as demonstrating that Whitney is accustomed to
speak by authority' of the Treasury Department. His
leading purpose appears to he the procurement of such a
modification of the Deposite Law of last session as exacts
interest from the Banks. In reference to this project, he
says "It is my intention speedily to commence upon thal
subject, first, by enlightening Congress in relation to the
facts, of which I am sure most of the members are igno-
rant, and then proceed to carry through my object."-
This sounds impudent; but it must be recollected that the
language was used in a confidential letter never intended
for the public eye; and who might not be convicted of
'speaking evil of dignities,' if all his private correspond-
ence were betrayed ? We believe Reuben was not far
wrong in his observation oni the ignorance of Members of
Congress, anid that he is a dead match for any Committee
that.can be selected.
Hlon. Abraham Van Vechten. the patriarch of the Albany
Bar, died suddenly at the State Metropolis on Friday
evening, at the advanced age of 75. He was a gentle-
man of talent and unsullied integrity, and for fifty years
had taken a distinguished part in the politics of this State.
He was ani Elector of President in 1828, and voted for
J. Q. Adams. The Bar of Albany and that of this city,
with the St. Nicholas Benevolent Society of which lie was
President, united in paying honors to his memory.
Thle Board of Trade of this city have unanimously peti-
tioned Congress to charter a new National Bank Wilh-
out meaning any disrespect to the Board, or intending any
ill will to their application, we would respectfully suggest
that they might as well have petitioned that honorable
body to refuse their own mileage and compensation-and
we cannothink of any thing else that they would be less
likely to do
Nicholas Biddle has been unanimously re-elected Presi-
lit of the Bank of the United States for the ensuing year.
The Board of Directors is not materially changed-all, cf
course, Pennsylvanians. Those out of thie city are Amos
Ellmaker of Lancaster, Jonathan Roberts, Montgomery,
James Worth, Bucks, John Andrew Shultze, Lycoming, and
Isaac Wayne, Chester.
Henry Clay has been unanimously elected President of
the American Colonization Society.
Mrs. Ewing, wife of Hun. Thomas Ewing of the U. S.
Senate, died at her residence in Lancaster, Ohio, on the
1st inst.
Atrocious Mutiny,--The schr. Wm. Wirt, Thomas S.
Sm:th, master, which sailed hence fur Rio Janeiro, was
carried into I'ernambuco, on the 27th of Nov. by an Eng-
lish brig, which Iouind l te crew m possession of tlie vessel,
they having mutinied. killed the mate, and miortaely wound-
ed the captain. Belor, getting possession of theschoolner,
the crew of tihe brig were obliged to shoot oine of tihe mu-
tineers from the flre-yard, and confine another. John
Ward, the imate ofihe WV. W., belonged to this city. The
crew were on boaid the Guard ship at Pernambuco, and


MR. WXEBSTERS SPEECH.
The recent speech of Mr. Webster on the joint resolu-
tion offered by Mr. Ewing, for rescinding the famous
Treasury Order requiring exclusive Specie payments for
Public Lands, is spoken of as among the most masterly of
his forensic efforts. We do not so regard it. It is logical,
forcible, and to the purpose, but too cold and airgumehta-
tive to rank with the finest and most effective specimens
of legislative oratory. The larger portion of it is devoted
to a discussion of the legality of the Order, which is de-
nied with great cogency, and the contradictory grounds
on which the assumption of power is rested by Secretary
Woodbury and Senator Benton, are contrasted with deci-
ded effect. We make room for the concluding portion of
the speech, as of greater general interest:
Mr. President, the subject of the currency is so import-
ant, so delicate, and, in my judgement surrounded, at the
present moment, with so much both of difficulty and of
danger, that I am desirous, before making the few obser-
vations which I intend, on the existing condition of things
and its causes, to avoid all misapprehension, by a general
statement of my opinions respecting that subject.
I amn certainly.of opinion, then, that gold and silver, at
rates fixed by Congress, constitute the legal standard of
value in this conntr3 ; and that neither Congress nor ,any
St-ito lihas authority to establish any other standard, or to
displace this But I am also of opinion that an exclusive
circulation of gold and silver is a thing absolutely imprac-
ticable ; and if practicable, not at all to be desired ; inas-
much as its effect would be to abolish credit, to repress
the enterprise, and diminish the earnings of the industri-
ous classes, and to produce, faster and sooner than any
thing else in this country can produce, a moneyed aris-
tocracy.
I am of opinion that a mixed currency, partly coin and
partly bank notes, the notes not issued in excess, and al-
ways convertible into specie at the will of the older, is,
in the present slate of society, the best practical currency
-always remembering, ho ever, that bills of exchange
perform a great part of the duly of currency, and, there-
'ore, that the state of domestic exchanges is always a mat.
ter of high importance, and great actual bearing on coin-
nmercial business.
I admit that a currency partly composed of bank notes
has always a liability, and often a tendency to excess
and that it requires that constant care and oversight ol
Government.
I am of opinion, even, that the convertibility of banli
notes into gold and silver, although it be a necessary guard
is not an absolute security, against occasional excess oe
paper issues.
I believe even that the confining of discounts to sucl
notes and bills as represent real transactions of purchase
and sale, or to real business paper, as it is called, though
generally a silfficient check, is not always so: because ]
believe there is sometimes such a tling as overtrading, o]
over-production.
What, then, it will be asked, is a sufficient check? I
can only repeat what I have before said, that it is a subject
which requires the constant care, watchfulness, and stper
intendence of' Government. But our misfortune is, tha
we have withdraw all care and all superintendence front
tIe whole subject." We have .-urrendered the whole mat
ter to eight-and-twenty States and Territories. With thi
power of coinage, and the power and duty of regulating
commerce,. both external and internal,, this Governmen
has little more control over the mass of money which cir
cuilates in the country, than a foreign Government. Upoi
the expiration of the charter of the Bank of the Uiiite
States new'banks were created by the States. Sixty o
eihtyv millions of banking ceapil have Ihus been id(de4
to the mass since 1832. All this it was easy to loresee-i
was all lineseen, and all foretoldi. The wonder only is
that the evil has not ahead become greater tian it is; am
it would have been greater, and we should have had sucl
an excess as would perhaps have depreciated the currency
had it not been for the extraordinary prosperity of tih
country. No very great excess, I believe, has as yet ii
tact happened, or ra.ler no very great excess does nov
exist. There are suffiieient evidences, I think, of this.
In thie first place, the amount of specie in, the couttr
is flar greater than was ever known before, and .it is n1i
exported. In the next place, as all the banksas yet main
tain their credit, and all pay specie on dem:niid, the wuol
circulation is, in elect, equivalent to a specie circulation
iand the state of the foreign exchanges shows that the value
of our money, in the mass, is not depreciated, since it min
be transferred without any loss into the currency of othtn
countries. Our money, therefore, is as good as the moine
of other countries. If it had fallen below the v lue
money abroad, the rates ofexchanige would instantlyv sfio
ihat lact. There has been, therefore, as yet, or at leat
there exists at present, no considerable dlopreciation i
money. If, then, it be asked. what keeps up the values
money, in this vast and sudden expansion and increaso.j














268 THE NEW-YORKER.

be the true one. It is kept up by an equally vast and of the sales of their articles; the South finds money
sudden increase in the property of the country, and in the scarce, too, in the midst of its abundant exports.
value of that property, intrinsic as well as marketable. In a country so extensive and so busy, every merchant's
None of us, I think, have estimated this increase high means become more or less dispersed, and exist in various
enough, and for that reason we have all been looking for places in the shape of debts. Exchange is the instrunnent,
an earlier fall in prices. It seems obvious to me, that an tlit wand, by which lie reaches forth to these means where-
augmentation in the value of property, far exceeding all ever they are, and uses them for his immediate and daily
lotmtntr experience in any country, even our own, has purposes. But this instrument is broken. He can no
taken place in the United States within the last few years. longer touch with it his distant debt, and make that debt
Tne public lands imay furnish one instance of the rapid present money. He seeks, therefore, for expedients;
increase, It was estimated last session, by my honorable borrows money if he can, till times change, pays enor-
friend from Ohio, (Mr. Ewing,) that the demands of actual tuous rates of interest to maintain credit; thinks things,
settlers for lands for settlement were eight millions of when at the worst, must soon change ; looks for reaction,
acres per annum, on an average of some years. These and sacrifices to capitalists, bickers, and money lenders,
eight millions if taken up at Government prices at private the hard earnings of years rather than fail to fulfil his comn-
entry, would cost ten millions of doiiars. Now, partly by mercial engagemenls. It isa happy and a blessed hour, this,
cultivation, but more by the continued rush of emigra- for greedy capital and grasping brokerage ; and anexcru-
tion, both from Europe and the Atlantic coast, the value tiating one for honest industry. The very rich glow every
of these ten millions in avery few yeursspringsup to forty day richer; the laborious and industrious, every day
millions; that is to say, lands taksn iup at one dollar and a poorer. Meantime, the highways of commercial dealing
quarter an acre soon become worth live dollars anl atce for and exchanges grow more and more founderous, or are
actual cultivation, and in intrinsic value. And it is to be all breaking up. Specie. always most useful as the basis
remembered that these lands are alienable, and saleable, of a circulation, when most in repose, gets upon the move.
with as little of form and ceremony, almost as if they Any time the last four months it might have happened,
wore goods and chattels. Now, if we make an estimate. and many times doubtless it has happened, that steam-
nut merely on the eight millions of acres required for ac- boats front New York, carrying specie to Boston, have
trual settlement, but on the wholo quantity selected and passed in the sound steamboats from Boston carrying
taken up annually, we shall see souie.thing of the addition specie to New York.-Boating and carting money, back-
to tile whole amount of property which accrues annually ward and forward, becomes the order of the day,anrtd there
from the public lands. A rise has taken place, too, though are those who, the more they hear of specie, hauled and
less striking, in the other lhnds, in the country; and pro- transported about from place to place, in masses, the more
perty, in goods, merchandise, products, and other forms, they flatter themselves with the idea that the country is
is rapidly augmented ualo. both in quantity and value, by returning rapidly to a safe and happy specie circulation !
the industry and skill of the people, and the extension There may be other minor causes. They are not worth
and mostsuccessfiil use of machinery. enumerating. The great and immediate origin of evil is
Another most importaun element in the general estimate disturbance in the exchange; and in my opinion, this dis-
of tile progress of wealth in the country is the wonderful turbance has been caused by the agency of the Govertn-
anniiil increase of the cotton crops, and the prices which meit itself. 'The fifty millions in the. Treasury have been
tou article bears. Last year's crop reached, probably, to agitated by unnecessary traniitfers. As a large portion of
eighty millions of dollars. Now, most of the cottott pro- this suit was to be deposited with the States at the begin-
ditced in thu Uniled States is sold, once, at least in the ning of next year, the Secrelary seems to have thought it
country, and much of it many unmes. The bills drawn necessary to cut up, divide, and remove assigned portions
against it when shipped, either for Europe or the Atiaitic of it before the time came It is this idea of removal that
ports, are usually cashed at the phice of drawing, cum- haus wrought the mischief. In consequence ol this, muoncy
mouly, no doubt, by means of bank notes, or bank credits. has been taken from places of active commercial business
I put all these cases btt as instances showing the in- where it was much needed and all used, and carried to
creised value of property and niamontt of business in -I places where it was not needed, and could not be usedl.
country, and accounting therelbfoe for dii expansion of ui'. Tie agricultural State of indiana, for example, is full
circulation, without supposing great excess: since it is otl- or specie; the highly commercial and manufacturing
vious that the circulating money of a country naturally State of Massachusetts is severely drained. In the mean-
bears a proportion to the whole mass of property, and to time, the utoney in Indiana cannot bI used. It is waiting
the number and amount of business transactions. fur the new year. The moment the Treasury grasp is let
But there is another cause of a less favorable character, loose from it, it will tend again to the great nmarts of busi
which mn:ly have had its effect already; or, if not, is very ness ; that is to say, the restorat.ioni of the natural state of
likely to have it hereafter, ill augnmietig the circulation things will begin to correct the evil of arbitrary and arti-
of bank notes. I mean the obstruction and embarrass- ficial finaticial arraugemn ills. The money wvll go hack to
tinout of the domestic exchanges. In a proper and nat- fihe places where it is wanted. It will seek its level, and
ral state of affairs, the place of.cutrrency, or money, is it, plauo of usefulness. In my opinion,-the proper ex-
filled to a great extent by bills of exchange; and this con- mention of the deposile law did njot inake it at all necessary
tinues to be the case, so long as the rates of exchange re- for ith Treasury to order these previous local changes.
main low and steady. Nobody, for example, will send The law itself is not answerable for the inconvenience
bank notes or specie from New York to New Orleans, if which has resulted. When the time came, the States, all
lia can buy a good bill at par, or near par. But when ex- of them, would have been very glad to receive thie money
chl)giiie becomes disturbed, when rates rise and fluctuate, where it was. They wanted till an order for it. They
bills cease to be able to perform this function, and then desired no carting. Can ainy thing be utre preposterous
bank notes begin to bo sent about from place to place, in than to transfer specie from New York to Na,-hville, when
quantities, to supply the place of bills of exchange, in to a man in Nahiville specie in New York is two percent..
payment of debts and balances. All such. and all other more valuable than if he had it in his own house? There
dcran gemtnuts and distractions in rite frec course of do- is always a tendency in specie, nut actually in the pockets
nutstic exchanges, necessarily produce aim unnatural and of tihe people, towards the great marts aid places of ex-
considerable increase of the circuhttion. So lar as our change. 'Those who want it, want it there. There the
circulation has been, or may be, augmented bythis cause, great transactions of counnerce tire performed and there
sotiar both the cause and the effect are to lie sleplored. Iht hi means of these transactions naturally exist, simply be-
mny opinion, we have certainly reason to lear this excess cause there ilhey are required. !Now, what reason was
thereafter What is to prevent it? Is it possible that so there for disturbing fhe revenue, thins lying where it had
mainly State banks, so far part, so tuknown !o each other, been collected, and thus mingled wilh the commerce of
willth no common objects, no cilmmnil principles of di!s- the commury ? Why laboriously drua it off, far from its
count, and no general regulation whatever, should act so pieco of useful action, to places wIhere it was not wanted,
much in concert, and upon system, as t to maintain tihe umd could do no good, and there hold it under the key of
currency ofl the country steady, without either unjust ex- the Treasury '!
pansion or unnecessary contraction ? I believe it is not 'This auticipation of the operation of the deposile law-
poisile.-I believe many of those whlo insist so much on this attempt pit local distribution-this arbitrary sys'emi of
hard money circulation believe this also; arid that they transfer, which seems to forget, at once, the necessities of
press their impracticable hard-mnoney notions, from a conl- commerce, and the real use of money, I regard as the di-
;cionusness that the discontinuance of,' national intslilution re'ct and prime cause of' the pressure felt by the commint-
has brought the conintry into. a condition in which it is itty. But the Treasury order came powerfully in aid o;
threatened wilh issues of irredeemable paper, this. This order checked the use of bank notes in the
Our present evil, however, is of a different kind. It is, West, o*ud iiade another loud call forspecie. The specie,
intti.ed, somewhat novel and anotualons. With high gen- thlerelboe, is trann-ferred to ithe West, to pay for lands:
eral prosperity, good crops, generally speaking, an abuiml- being received for lands, it becomes public revenue, is
acc of the precious metetls, and a favorable slate of brought to the East lor expenditure, and passes, on it.
fl'reign exchanges, men of iutsimmss have yet felt, for some way, other quantities going West, to buy lands also, anti
not.iths, ar unprecedented scarcity of mnney. That is in Ile same way to return again to the East. Now. sir,
hle state of thin gs; its e ise, inmy opinion, is expressed how does all this improve the currency 7 What fraud does
in a few words: "it is the deraiing ient of internal inter- it prevent, what speculation does it arrest, what monopoly
course, and internal exchange." Out ditfculty is not ex- does is suppress ? I am very much mistaken it all this,
haustion, but obstruction. Every body has meaius enough, does not embarrass the small purchaser of land nuichb
-... -.t..r 1. ...... k. Im. -. All .. chants f 1 morn lltan the larre one. He who has lifiv or a hundred


charge. But, if there be a man, with a hundred or two
dollars, waiting to take up a small parcel for actual
settlement, and his money be in bank notes and the bank,
perhaps, at a great distance, what has he to do ? He must
send far to exchange a little money ; or else he must sub-
mit to any brokerage which he may find established in the
neighborhood of the land office. Upon the local oper-
ation of this order, however, I say the less, as on that
point Western gentlemen are better informed and better
judges.
I am willing to hope, sir, and, indeed, I do hope and be-
lieve, that when the first payment or deposit under the act
of last session shall have been made, and the States shall
have found some use and employment for the money, and
when this unnatural transfer sv-tem shall cease, money
will seek its natural channels, and commercial business re-
sume, in some measure, its accustomed habits. But this
Treasury order will be a disturbing agent, every hour it
is suffered to exist. Indeed, it cannot be allowed to exist
long. It is not possible that the West can submit to a
measure at once so injurious and so partial. Hard
money at the land office, and bank notes at the custom-
house, must make men open their eyes after a while,
whatever degree of political confidence weighs down their
lids. I look upon it, therefore, as certain, that the order
will not be permitted long to remain in force.

Mr. President, I am indifferent to the form in which the
Treasury order may be done away. Genetlemen may
please themselves in the mode. I shall be satisfied! with
the substance. Believing it to be both illegal and inju-
rious I shall vote to rescind, to revoke, to abolish, to
supersede, to do any thing which may have the effect of
terminating its existence.

" LATE AND IMPORTANT FROM, SPAIN.-By the arrival of the
Alfred at this port from Cadiz, we learn the following :
The army of Gomez, the Carlist General, which had been
ravaging the provinces of Andalusia for three months, and
baffling all the troops of the Queen, by whom it had been
constantly surrounded, was at length destroyed in a battle
near Medina Sidonia, almost within sight of Cadiz. Gomez
had made an unsuccessful attempt to retire to the Tagus, but
was prevented by the presence of Rodil, the minister of war,
with a large force interposing. Rodil was recalled to Madrid,
to answer for misconduct in not bringing Gomez to action.
His army was left in command of Gen. Narvaes, who corn-
manded in the battle of the 26th and 26th, near Cadiz. Es-
pinoza was superseded as Captain General of Andalusia, by
Ozdonez, his second in command.
Gomez had twice entered and sacked Cordova, took Al-
maden by storm, and threatened Seville for nearly a fort-
night. lie had marched down to Algesiras, where a slight
action occurred, in which an English frigate from the bay
took part in favor of the Queen' s troops.
It was reported at Cadiz, when the Alfred left, that Go-
mez had been taken prisoner. His army was entirely dis-
persed, and the prisoners being brought into Cadiz.

Fiom FLORDA.---By the schooner S. S. Mills, at Charles-
ton on the 5th inst. the editors of that city have been fur-
nished with files of St. Augustine papers to the 29th Dec.-
The return of Gen. Jessup to Tampa Bay is confirmed. He
lad reached the Wahoo Swamp and found the Indians had
gone. It is supposed they hace retreated to the Everglades,
a large tract of country said to lbe inundated and interspers d
with knolls or islands, the intervale grounds being tilled with
high grass.
It was the intention of Gen. Jessup, on his arrival at Tam
pa Bay, to dismiss the Tetnnessee Volunteers. A battalion
of regulars and friendly Indians were left at Dade's Massa-
cre ground, constructing a depot; it was Gen. Jessup's in-
tention to return thither and to make an excursion South.
A letter from an offllicer of the army, dated Gerry's Ferry,
Dec. 28, says-"Brevt. Maj. Childs leaCes here in a few
days for Fort Drane with 120 infantry recruits and the friend-
ly Indians who have rendezvoused here. The (.ragoons and
Captain Mellen's company are daily expected here from Old
Point."
The Augusta Herald states that an expedition under the
comniand of Col. Sanchez, consisting of a portion of' Capts.
Hanson's, Curry's, and Freyminouth's mounted companies,
,,nd a number of volunteers, have niarelicd for the South -
They will proceed to Tomoka and probably to Mosquito.-
They will be absent several days
Thit is tlie first movement that has been made towaids th. t
quarter since April last. No white tian has been at th..t
place since the South Carolt niilitia left it.

Texas Matftrs.-lt is stated in the Louisville Journal
that President Holslon has vetord a cerlaitn resolution of
the TfLxiant Cougress. making it obligatory (it him to con-
suilt the Setnale ol the terms of releaAsitg Sanlta Ana anid
Almhontc. The Texas Telegraph coinains a lotg speech
of Mr. Everett, of Jasper, on. this veto _.uess.ag., in which









LIT ERARY-7DOME STI .26(


NEW-YORK.

3Ei We tender our thanks Zo IHon. GIDEON LEE, M. C. for his kind
attention in forwarding us various public documents. As lie is the
only Mllember of our l)elegation who has seen fit to favor ius, the coui-
dtsceiisiol. has a double merit in our eyes.

To Mail Subscribers.-We desire to say, once for all, that our folio
paper is regularly mulled to every subscriber who receives it through
the Post-Oilice between the hours of 3, P.M. on Friday and 7, A. M. on
Saturday, (the day of its issue,) aid that our Quarto, is almost inva-
riably mailed on Saturday evening, according to its date. By the
breaking down of the Napier Press on which it is printed, the latto
has twice or thrice been delayed i few hours-hut never later thull till
Monday-but the Folio h ,s never been delayed a single mail. Under
these circamntance.s, tlhe reiterated motitions of Pout-Masters anid ipat-
rolS-i t You Inust Maii your papers more regularly'"-ca have no ef-
fect but to exhaust our hard-run stock of patience. We know the
newspaper nails of our country are in a wretched condition; but
whtt call we do? VlWhen we ctunot even have ai package transmitted
to Plhiladelphia bafil, ... 1 ... i.. .uid be idle to expect that
our subscribers in 1. ...... J W isconsin, will receive
their papers seasonably and unharmed. We -.hall coutinee doing our
best to ensureplunctuality and satty;y und if any four patronsshould
misis their papers twice in succession we shall be happy to hear froii
them; but so long- as they merely receive them two weeks too late,
wet and defaced, this week's paper three mails before last, &e. &c.
they will oblige us by laying their griefs at the feet of Mr. Amos Ken-
dull and his hirelings. '

TO CORRESPONDENTS.
The Chieftain's Grave" and "To Ada" (M. E.J.) are most welcome.
The former will appear in our next.
Shreds mad Patches," in continuation, is filed for insertion.
Woman," etc. (E. C. B.) is likewise accepted.
The Rivauls" (T.) would have been far me: e acceptable ifcondensed
to half its length. If we relish it, we must be permitted to reduce
its.formidable proportions. We shall not, however, venture upon
such liberties until the author has had time to interpose objections,
if lie think proper to do so.
S. W. S. has contrived to crowd a great deal of stupity into sixteen
lines of metre. The following quatrain is equal to any thing of the
kind ever produced:
"'T is virtue that adorns a maid,
Ti .: i i .1 e'er wai made,
i admire
Above Golcanda's richest sire. "
Miranda G." (J. R. C.) is quite too long for the subject, and we must
decline its publication.

The Cause and Cure of Infidelity,"-There are some faults in the
execution of this work, which is nevertheless one of more than ordina-
ry merit. We do not concur with the author in the idea that the human
mind is naturally averse to the knowledge and opposed to the charac-
ter and perfections of the Deity, and we think he has taken unneces-
sary pains to make his work obnoxious to a large class of readers. It
has so many excellent features, however, that we cordially recom-
niend it to the attention of all, including ofcourse those who do not
consider a belief in Calvinism essential to a belief in God. The rea-
soning and the facts adduced are admirably adapted to the under-
stalnding of the unlearned i and we have never perused a book which
might be more profitably circulated by those of the Orthodox faith.
Rev. David Nelson, of Quincy, Illinois, is the author. (JohniS. Tay-
lor, Brick Church Chapel.)

New-York Mirror."-The Mirror of last week was ornamented
with a very fair o1 .1 i, Ti. i ,.,uiig of Columbus,' t... i ..- i.
moreappropriate t i.. 1.:.,j i.. : .', i.'ji contributions from Bryant,
Willis, Grenville Mellen, etc. A more- beautiful sheet tian thie Mirror
is not issued in the world; and though Col. Morris cannot write po-
etry, his work is uniformly chaste, varied, entertaining, and credita-
ble to American literature. TheOak," in his last, must hava sprung
up iusong basswoods. It is not the fault of thie Colonel, no more than
of ourself in our own case, that lie cannot write poetry-and we
should not allude to the matter but for the absurd sycophancy of some
of our brother weeklies. The Mirror is well sustained in more senses
than one, tand we rejoice in the success which has crowned the inde-
fatigable exertions of the publisher.

The Spirit of Holiness."-Such is the title of a work recently is-
sued in a neat 18mo. of 250i pages by Mr. Taylor, from the pen of Rev.
.Lniis Ifarrington Evans, with ail Introductory Preface by Rev. Octa-
vius Winslow of Brooklyn. Its design is mainly set forth in the Pre-
face-' to strengthen the tone of personal piety,' and I to elevate the
stlaidlard of Itoliness ill the Clhurch,' and we deem it well qualified to
encect those purposes.
Scientific Tractsffor the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge."-A vol-
unoe-we believe a very excellent one-under this title, has just been
pidliied in inonthly numbers by Light & Stearns, Boston. Cou-
tesnts-Philosophly of Self-Education, by B. B. Thatcher ; Outline of
Philosophy, by Lieut. RoswellPark ; Advantages of Early Rising, by
Wim. A. Alcott ; May-Flowers, by 0. II. Howard ; Natural History of
WVater, bI, C. T. Jackson, M.D.; Pleasures of Science, by W. M. Ro-
gers ; llistory of Peuce Societies, by William Ladd ; Science of Hu-
man Life, by Sylvester Graha ;in History of Telegraphs, by J. R. Par
her ; Combustion, by It. A. Coilin; Grunite Ruck, by ...... ,,
Thwory of the Earth, do.
The work ma.y be had of the publishers, or of Freeman Hunt & Co,.
144 Na.au-[-t.
'" The Srience of Practiral Penmanship," d4c.-Dolbear's Chiiro-
grap/h. A4llas.-These books look well; and we know no reason \sVIj
they only not be as good as they look. As to their deficiency of them-
selves in forming-a good hand or correcting a vicious one, we havep
our doubts. Dogberry wis not far wrong when lie observed that
'Reading and writing come by nature.' The former came to us with
little solicitation-tho latter will not be coaxed. Still, we do not
dout that a tolerable handwriting may be achieved by some persons


under good instruction, which the Messrs. Dolbearsdoubtless afford to
those wlio try them. Books alone will not answer; and one reason is
that the pupil will not implicitly obey their directionsI, when they
seem calculated to cramp his hand and put his wrist out of joint..-
We say, go to school at once. (Mlessrs. Dolbears' books may be had
of C. Shepard, 189 Broadway,)

"Adam and Eve."-We understand that Dubufe's great pictures of
The Temptation and The Expulsion will remain at tie Academy,
Barclay-st. until their final departure for Europe early in April.-
Meanwhile they continue to be visited by great numbers of citizens
and strangers.
We cannot consider the extreme sensiti eness which condemns these
paintings as unsuited to public exhibition either founded in true deli-
cacy or allied to good taste. If ever the application of the old Eng-
ishi miuotto-"Evil to him that evil thinks"-inmounted to a severe
sarcasm, it does so in this case. He who call find ally thing sensual
or demoralizing in these pictures must have a very questionably
stored mind and an inflammable imagination-ready to go into ecsta-
sies at the revelation of an ankle and be horror-struck at the sight of
an undraped marble statue.
Thie collection of pictures in the Academy, Barclay-st.. is likewise
open for inspection throughout the day-time.

Journaliana.-We have neglected to notice sundry recent metamor-
phoses anut improvements in the newspaper press throughout the
country. It is not too late, however.
The Boston Pearl" und Tile Galaxy" have been united, and now
appear under the join auspices of Isaac C. Pray, jr. and William F.
Harrington. The joint paper is a decided improvement on either of
its progenitors. H. H. Weld continues a contributor to its columns.
Those who wish a weekly paper front the metropolis of New-England
will be apt to like it.
The Erie Observer," at Erie, Pa. is to be issued daily. Erie is a
thriving place of business, with brilliant prospects, and we hope this
enterprise will be sustained.
"The Pittsburgh Times," is nowpublished daily as well as weekly.
It is the third daily in Pittsburgh.
Cleveland, Ohio, has three dailies? Painesville, do. one.
The two principal Detioit journals are published daily.
There have been sundry revolutions of late in the Philadelphia
weeklies; but changes there are so frequent that we cannot chroni-
cle. It makes one's head swim to look at them.
John C. Kemble has retired from the Editorial chair of the Troy
Budget, and Augustine G. Dauby has relinquished the control of the
Oneida Observer. These gentlemen have dublCled so much in banks,
charters, and Albany business of late years as to impair their influ-
ence and efficiency as Editois. Mr. Dauby has moreover resigned the
Presidency of tile Oneida Bank.

Sabbath School Harp."-This is a very neat and judicious collec-
tion of hymns and airs adapted to the use of Sabbath Schools and of
Children and Youth generally. (John S. Taylor.)

Th/e Southern -Review (Quarterly) is to be revived at Charleston, S.
C.uoder time Editorial auspices of Judge A. P. Upshur of Virginia, a
.: .,.,i..,,, of distinguish i..it ." i I .. iiremlents.

The Coal Trade.-Mr. S. Ward has addressed ns a se-
cond letter in rejoinder to our remarks on his former com-
munication, which he assures us was not intended for the
public eye, but for our own especial edification. We re-
gret that we misapprehended its purpose. ,We should
have published his second letter, but it is crowded out for
the second time this week-so we give it up. It makes
three points, however: 1. That the coal-dealers of this
city do usually buy their coal in Philadelphia; 2. That
such coal as is sold in New-York has not been sold gene-
rally in Pottsville at $2 a $2 25; 3. That a Pennsylvania
ton of 2,240 lbs. of unbroken coal will not yield more than
a New-York ton of 2,000 lbs. of broken and nut coal.-
We yield these several points, and in doing so withdraw
the charge of intentional deception in relation to the pur-
chase of coal in Philadelphia, made by us four weeks
since. Our statement respecting the price of coal in Potts-
villo was made on the authority of the Miners' Journal of
that place, which ought to be correctly advised. We ask
the Editor to inform us distinctly if such coal as is usually
sent to the New York market (' red ash') could have been
bought there at any time last summer for $2 per ton ?-7
Could it on thelst of September at $225? While ti, n,,.
..ng his answer, we yield the point to Mr. Ward.
And Low, has the re:idatr yet seen any reason advanced
for selling coal at $13 a ton m? We have not. All that Mr.
Ward attempts to establish amounts to very little. We
argue coal ought to be sold at a fair reimunerating price,
and lie answers-how ? We submit the case without fur-
ther comment.

Stats Bank of Indiana.-Calvin Fletche.r and Alexar-
der Worth have been elected Directors of the above Bai,k
on the part of the State.


Fatal Accident.-On Tuesday last, as a number of la-
borers were engaged in clearing the rubbish from the cel-
lar of lot No. 52 Broadway, a portion of the old wall, ten
or twelve feet high, gave way, crushing to death one of the
workmen, a young Irishman named Patrick M'Govern,
who had but recently arrived in this country. The un-
fortunate victim was the first to discover thle impending
ruin, and warned his companions, all of whom escaped
injury. His own death was instantaneous, his head being
crushed in the most shocking manner.

Fire.-A fire broke out, about one o'clock on Sunday
morning, in a bakery in Broomie-street, near Sullivan,
which extended to the adjoining buildings, occupied as a
barber's shop and porter-lhouse, and thence to sundry
frame buildings in the rear, among which were two sta-
bles and a carpenter's shop-all which were destioyed.-
The unremitted exertions of the firemen prevented a far
greater destruction.
Fire.-Yesterday morning,about one o'clock, the work-
shop of Ritner, Oran & Welding, No. 17 Forsyth-street,
was consumed with all its contents. Nos. 15 and 19-the
former a coffin warehouse, the other a dwelling-were also
mostly destroyed.
Calamity at Troy.-We neglected to notice in our last
the occurrence of an extraordinary phenomenon at Troy on
the Ist inst. by which several lives were lost and much pro-
perty destroyed. It appears that, some time last summer, a
portion of a hill situated in the southern outskirts of that city
was suddenly precipitated upon the ground at its base, fol-
lowed by the gush of a torrent of water. On Sunday eve-
ning, 1st inst. another slide took place. An avalanche of
clay (says the Budget) came tumbling from an eminence of
nearly 500 feet, rushing down the hill to level land, and then
continued, from the impulse it received, to the distance of
about 800 feet, covering up acres of ground, accompanied
with a cataract of water and sand, which kept up a terrible
roar. The mtass moved along with great rapidity, carrying
with it two stables and three dwelling-houses. The stables
and horses were moved to a distance of-over 200 feet, into a
hollow on the corner of Washington and Fourth-streets."
The bodies of five persons were taken from the ruins that
night, beside one or two who were severely injured. Sixteen
horses were killed. The earth is now sixty feet deep above
what was part of Fourth-street. The loss of property must
be quite considerable.

The .11..',... I.. .erp I.-t'..re the Court in session at.
Fredericktown, Md., into the causes of the failure of the
Seminole campaign, increases in interest. Gen. Gaines
presented himself before the Court on Friday, protested
against the right of'Gen. Macomb to sit on that tribunal.
and declared his determination to have the testimony if
not the presence of Mr. Secretary Cass on the subject.
Mr. Cass appears likely to be made the scapegoat of the
whole disaster ; and if he be not indeed culpable, his ab-
sence in France at this time must be regarded as unfor-
tunate. The conduct of Gen Gaines on his appearance
at Fredericktown was highly overbearing, and would havi
been regarded as contumacions by a superior and a judge
less disposed to avoid every unnecessary display of aut o-
rity than Gen. Macomb appears to be. The presence of
the three rival Generals: excites something of a 'sensa-
tion' at Fredericktown.

Conviction of William Mloran.---At tho Court of Oyer
and Terminer lately held in New Brunswick, New-.ler-
sey, 'William Moran was convicted of having murdered
Isaac Stanley under circumstances of aggravated cruelty.
On the 14th of June ascuffle commenced at Peter Mahan's
house a few miles from the city of New Bunswiclk.
Stanley was knocked down stairs by Moran, and beat with
a cane till he was quite insensible. Then Uioran livd his
hand and foot together will. l ,ip,- itil i. ij....J him to a
brook abont twentyyards' th:i. .., r .. .- plhuiged
hinm, at the same time beating and stamping upon him.
He now dragged him some distance with the rope about
his nrck, and at last locked him in the barn where lie was
foitunIId dead the next morning. These various inhuman
cruellies, occupied the wretch for a full hour.

Scals.--Tae steamboat from New-Haven on Wednes-
day encot entered a multitude of seals. When ,they were
perceived, they were stationed on some floating ice.-
They were fired at from the steamer, but ineffectually.









270 T E NEW-YORKER.


Our Legislature appears to have plunged at once into bu-
siness this session, without awaiting the assemblage of that
important branch profanely denominated the lobby.' So
far, well. The Committees were announced on Thursday.
The following are all of any importance,:
Senate.-On Claims-Messrs. Tracy, Hunter, Johnson.
On Finance-L. Beardsley, Young, Page.
On the Judiciary-Edwards, Beardsley, Maison.
On the Militia-Maison, H. F. Jones, Spraker.
On Canals-Livingston, Armstrong, Dickinson.
On Railroads-Mack, J. Beardsley, Livingston.
On Roads and Bridges-Willes, J.P. Jones, Huntington.
On Literature-Young, Paige, McLean.
On State Prisons-Hunter. Edwards, Van Dyck.
On Banks and Insurance Companies--Armstrong, Powers,
Wager.
Assembly.-On the Incorporation of Banks-Messrs. Ro-
binson, Patterson, lluggles. Tallmadge and Watson.
On Canals-H.Rogers, Ogden, C.E. Sheppard, S.Smith,
Patterson.
On Railroads-Hackley, J. Allen, Reed, Cook, Russell.
On Ways and Means-Cash, S.Allen, J.L. Bigelow, Try-
on, Boughton.
On the Judiciary-Cutting, J. Allen, Porter, J. Bigelow,
Bradish.
On Privileges and Elections-Poppino, Robinson, Geer.
On Claims-Hulbert, Peck, Plumb, Jones, Vosburgh.
On Colleges, Academies, &c.-Clinch, Fitch, Hackley,
Taylor, Sheldon.
On so much of the Governor's lMessage as relates to the
Surplus Revenue-Reed, Westlake, T. W. Tucker, Arne,
Strong.
On so much of the Governor's Message as relates to the
Restraining Law-Ogden, P. Tucker, Burroughs, Soule, H.
Rogers.
On so much of the Governor's Message as relates to the
Usury Laws-C.E. Sheppard, King, Tamblin, Mann, Hine.
On the same day, Mr. Roosevelt of this city offered a re-
solution for the appointment of a Select Commitlee, with
power, &c. to inquire into certain usurious practices charged
against Banks in this State. It was unanimously adopted ;
but on the following day reconsidered, on motion of Mr. Ro-
binson, and laid on the table. It was alleged that its terms
were too vague to secure the end desired.
Mr. H. Rogers (Saratoga) offered a resolution instructing
the Bank Committee to report against all applications that are
or may come before them for the increase of the capitals of
existing Banks,.or for the incorporation of new ones. This
proposition was debated with spirit by Messrs.Rogers, Reed,
King, Paddock, Cutting, Zabriskie, Roosevelt, Chamberlain,
C. Rogers and others, and negatived in Committee of the
Whole-46 to 54., The question recurring in the House on
agreeing with the Committee of the Whole, it was laid on
the table-Ayes 64, Noes 59. This very nearly ensures the
defeat of every ank application this winter.
In the Se fe, Mr. Maison of Dutchess, from the Select
Committee appointed at the last session, reported a bill for
the repe~s (in part) of the Restraining Law. It is very long,
and rincipally made up of what seem to us most absurd re-
strictions, since it does not contemplate allowing private
bankers to issue their own notes. They must report them-
selves to the County Clerk, their names, amount of capital.
&c.-must not borrow any money of Banks-must not use.
receive or circulate any other notes than those of the Safety
Fund Banks of this State-must not buy goods, lands, or any
"tangible property-none but citizens of this State must en-
gage in the business-&c. &c. &c. It seems impossible that
suck,,ibill should become a law at this day.
In the Senate, on Saturday, Mr. Young, from the Special
Committee, reported a bill to repeal all restrictions upon
Usury, except as against corporations. It was accompanied
by no Report ; but, on motion of Mr. Van Dyck, one thou-
sand copies of Jeremy Bentham's essays against Usury Laws
were ordered to be printed.
In the House, Mr. C. E. Shepard presented a memorial
from citizens of Peterboro', Madison Co. in favor of repeal-
ing the laws under which slaveholders retake fugitive blacks
in this State, and in favor, moreover, of extending the elect-
ive franchise to blacks. Mr. King moved the rejection of
the petition, which, after debate, was, carried: Yeas, 76,
Nays 44.
Mr. Roosevelt called up his resolut.'.n I'f.r 5n irint-i into
the alleged usurious practices of .Bail. A.litc .omi de-
bate, it was again laid temporarily on the table-
Mr. Townsend of this city called up a resolution previous-


ly offered by him, instructing our representatives in Con-
gress to vote for a repeal of the duty on Foreign Coal. After
discussion, it was negatived ; only fifteen rising in its favor.
On Monday, the discussion of Mr. Maison'sbill to re-
peal the Restraining Law was commenced in the Senate.
Mr. Young moved to strike out all but the fourteenth sec-
tion, but afterward withdrew his motion. The first sec-
tion, simply repealing the Restraining Law, was then
passed. The question being now on the second section,
requiring the keeper ofana office of discount and deposit
to register his name, amount ofcapital, &e. with the Coun-
ty Clerk, was discussed by Messrs. Loomis, Hunter, Tra-
cy, Lacy, Young, Sterling, Maison, and Young. A mo-
tion by Mr. Loomis to strike out the section finally pre-
vailed : Ayes 13, Noes 12.
In the Howise, any number of bank petitions was pre-
sented. Mr. Roosevelt gave notice of a bill in relation to
pilots for the port of New-York.-A bill authorizing the
acceptance of this State's share of the Surplus Revenue
was passed in Committee of the Whole.
A resolution fur the appointment of a Chaplain coming
up, Mr. Heritell moved to postpone its consideration to
the first day of April: Carried-Ayes 88, Nays 34.
The resolution of Mr. H. Rogers, instructing the Bank
Comaiittee to report against all applications for new banks
was called up, and the remainder of the day consumed in
a debate thereupon, in which Messrs. Ruggles, Andrews,
Poppino, Tallmadge, Taylor, Tucker, Arne, Roosevelt,
Smead, Franklin and Tamblin participated. No decision
was had.
On Tuesday, the Senate were again engaged upon the
repeal of the Restraining Law.-The question being upon
the third section, which prohibits private bankers front
circulating or dealing in any money but specie and the
Safety Fund Notes of this State. Messrs. Sterling, Mai-
son, Young, Loomis, Tracy, Hunter, Willes, and Mack,
were the speakers. No question was-taken. The See-
tion will doubtless be modified, if permitted to stand in
any shape.
In the House, the bill from the Senate accepting the
deposit of certain moneys belonging to the U. States, was
read a third time and passed.
The Bank discussion was afterward resumed, and con-
tinued throughout the day, by Messrs. Hurlbuurt, C. Ro-
gers, Thomas, Tallmadge, T. W. Tucker, and Bur-
roughs. Mr. Cutting obtained the floor. Adj.

Ohio Legislature.-Considerable excitement prevailed
among the members of this body at our last dates, in con-
sequence of a cliargo, brought by Mr. Cushing, a mem-
ber of the lower house, from Clark county, against, S.
S- Mr. Cushing charges Mr. S. with having attempted
to bribe him by offering him $1,000 for his influence in
obtaining the passage of a law, making an appropriation
to connect 'he waters of Lake Erie and Muskingum river
through the valleys of the Killbuck and Black rivers. Mr.
S. admits that he proffered the money, but intended it as
a present for extra services in collecting facts and argu-
ments, and advancing the main object by diffusing the re-
quisite information." Mr Cushing laid the subject before
the [louse, who arraigned Mr. S. for a breach of privi-
lege," of which he was convicted and publicly reprimand-
ed therefore by the Speaker.
Mavromichalis, the brave Chief of the Mainotes, who
accompanied King Otho to Bavaria, died a few days ago
at Munich, of the cholera, after an illness of 48 hours
only. His last agonies were frightful: his iron frame re-
sisted the attacks of the disease, and maintained a power-
ful conflict with death. The cries of the Mainote were
like the roarings of a lion expiring from the venum of a
poisoned arrow. In him the king of Greece has lost the
bravest of his officers."
Steamboat Disaster in Florida.-The steamboat Rein-
deer, ftomi Colunmbus, for St. Josephs, was burnt on the
night of the 26 h ult. whily lying at ihe dock, with 464
bales ofcotton on.board. About 60 bales of cotton, land-
ed fromin the steamer Free Trader, were burned on the
wharf at the same time.

Black Hawk.-According to the Galena Advertiser, (Il-
linois,) this famous Indian warrior was drowned in the
Iowa river, by the upsetting of his canoe, in which he was
returning from a talk, completely inebriated.
Ohio Rivcr.-The Wheeling Times of the 3d ist. says
the river is still open for boats, but the prospect is that it
will soon close. The weather is cold and ice forming fast.


Boy killed by a Rail Road Car.-On Saturday last,
as some boys ascended the sides of the rail cars, which
were entering the city of Wilmington, for the purpose of
riding, one of them, by the name of Maxwell, fell off, and
and was instantly crushed to death by the car's- passing
over his body.
A Swift Pup.'-One of the Eastern papers tells a tough
story of a dog belonging to the conductor of the train on the
Dedhamr Branch Railroad, which accompanies the train to
and from the city every trip, and always keeps a rod or two
in advance of the engine. His speed has been once or twice
tried for a mile run, on a straight line, and he has each time
beat the locomotive.
More Stabbing.-At La Fayette, Ind. on the 16th Dec.
a quarrel occurred between a Mr. John Woods, merchant,
and John W. Franks, junior Editor of the Mercury, in the
course of which the latter stabbed the other in the left side ;
the instrument entered his heart, and he fell dead instantly.
The Little Rock (Ark.) Advocate of the 16th ult. states
that Col. Wm. Whitson was killed on the 5th in an affray
which took place in Crawfo-d country.
The same paper states that the U. S. troops at Camp Sa-
bine have been ordered by Gen. Arbuckle to abandon that
station-and return to our Western frontier.

CUBA.-The indications of civil war in this island no long-
er exist. The Governor of St. Jago has been constrained by
the people of his province to recall his proclamation of the
Constitution of 1812 and submit to the authority of Governor
Tacon. We do not understand that any repugnance to the
Liberal cause dictated this movement, but simply a just ap-
prehension of the consequences likely to ensue from a rup-
ture with the energetic Governor General. Tranquillity has
been entirely restored.
Texas.-We perceive, from the Charleston Courier, that
the Legislature of Alabama has appointed a Select Com-
mittee, to whom was referred a resolution to report an in-
struction to the Senators in Congress from that State, and
a request to their Representatives, to vote for the recog-
nition and annexation of Texas to the Union.
The lower House of the Kentucky Legislature has pass-
ed resolutions instructing the Senators and requesting the
Representatives of that State in Congress to vote for the
recognition of the independence of Texas. They have
not been acted on in the Senate
Gen. Felix Huston has been chosen Commander-in. Chief
of the Texian army. J. P. Henderson has been appointed
Attorney General of Texas.

CLIMATE OF SWEDEN.-Sweden, contrasted with Norway,
or considered merely in respect to its superficial configura-
tion, seems favored by nature ; but, stretching as it does
from 54 north, through sixteen degrees ol latitude (1,100
miles) northwards, far within the polar circle, the greater
part of the kingdom lies too near the confines of perpetual
winter. Between the North Cape, where the winds are so
violent that the inhabitants are obliged to construct their
humble dwellings in pits dug on purpose, and Schonen, or
the southernmost district of the peninsula, there is a great
diversity of climate ; but in the most favored situations, as
at Lund in Schonen, the mean temperature of the year does
not exceed 450. Fahrenheit ; while at North Cape, on the
sea side, it is at the freezing point ; and at places distant
from the ocean, as at Enontekis, 150 miles further south than.
North Cape, and 1,470 feet above the sea, the mean tempe-
rature of the year is four or five degrees below the point of
congelation. The extreme cold of winter is modified through-
out the peninsula by the proximity of the sea and the eleva-
tion of the place, in each instance, as much as by the lati-
tude. In Stockholm, which, owing to its insular situation,
enjoys a comparatively mild climate, the thermometer fre-
quently descends in winter to 28 degrees below zero. A
hundred miles north of that city, (or beyond the 61st paral-
lel,) the mercury freezes in the tube of the thermometer, in-
dicating a degree of cold exceeding 40 degrees. At North
Cape, lat. 71 degrees, potatoes, broccoli, and gooseberries,
are reared with some difficulty. One-degree further south,
at Alien, (70 deg.) a little barley makes its appearance. At
Enonlekis, (69 deg. 30 min.) the crops of barley yield a re-
munerating harvest, on an average, once in three years.-
Rye and hemp cannot be successfully cultivated beyond the
66th, nor oats beyond the 64th parallel. This latter is also
the general limit of garden cultivation, The cherry-tree, al-
der and maple cease to thrive beyond the 63d ; the ash and
willow at the 62d ; the elm, lime, and oak, at the 61 lel. The natural beech woods of Sweden do not extend be-
yond lat. 57. Finally, the mulberry, the chestnut, snd the
walnut, arrive at perfection at Schonen, (540,)at the southern
extremity of the peninsula. On the coast of Norway, vege-
tation is less curbed by the rigors of winter than in corres-
ponding parallels on the shores of the Baltic ; and, according
to Mr. Laing, pears, plums, and sometimes even chestnuts,
ripen in the neighborhood of Molde, in 620 47' north.
Forsell's Statistics of Sweden;











I s c E Li A N E 0 U S, 27j


THE CALLING OF GOD.
The following effusion of J. G. WHITTIER'S spirit-stirring muse,
though intended only for a lady, in explanation of something he had
said to iher in conversation, is a gemn too pure and bright to be kept
in her casket-may it be set in the hearts of your readers.
NOT always as the whirlwind's rush
On Horeb's mount of fear,
Not always as thu burning bush
To Midian's shepherd seer,
Nor as the awful voice which came
To Israel's prophet bards,
Nor as the tongues of cloven flame,
Nor gift of fearful words;
Not always thus with outward sign,
Of fire or voice frim Heaven,
The message of a truth divine-
The call of God is given!
Awaking in the human heart
Love for tile True and Right-
Zeal for the Christian's better part,'
-Strength for tile Christian's fight.
Nor unto Manhood's heart alone
The holy influence steals:
Warm with a raptnre not its own,
The heart of Woman feels
As she who by Samaria's wall
The Saviour's errand soughit-
As those who with the fervent Pa'l
And meek Aquila wrought.
Or those meek ones, whose martyrdom
Rome's gathered grandeur saw,
Or those who in their Alpine home
Braved the Crusader'9 war,
When the green Vaudois, trembling, heard
Through all its vales of death,
The martyr's song of triumph, poured
From Woman's failing breath
Oh, gently by a thousand things
Which o'er our spirits pass,
Like breezes o'er the harp's fine strings,
Or vapors o'er a glass,
Leaving their token strange to view
Of music or of shade,
The summons to the Right and True
And Merciful is made.
Oh, then, if gleams of Tru th and Light
Flash o'er the waiting mind,
Unfolding to our mental sight
The wants of human kind-
If brooding over hunian grief
'The earnest wish is known,
To soothe, and gladden with relief
An anguish not our own!
Though heralded with nought of fear,
Or outward sign or show-
Though only to the inward ear
It whispers soft and low-
Though dropping as the manna fell
Unseen-yet from above-
Holy and gentle-heed it wel !
The call to TRUTH and Lovi!' Boston Liberator.

Fatal Rencontre.-A letter from Columbus, Ga. of Dec-
28, gives the following account of a fatal affray in that city :
About 20 minutes ago, I witnessed a quarrel between
Col. Felix Lewis and a Dr. Sullivan, in which the latter
drew a pistol and attempted' to shoot Lewis. As he fired,
Lewis drew a large Bowie knife and stabbed him to the
heart. He now lies a corpse-did not live two minutes."
Col. James Cartmill, of Botetourt county, Va., put an
end to his existence, during a temporary fit of insanity, a
Ifw days since. Col. C. was a gallant soldier in the last
War, for many years a Jnstice of the Peace, Delegate to
the General Assembly, and at the time of his death, Pres-
idlent of the Branch Bank of Virginia, at Buchanan in
that county. [Charleston Frte Press.
Accidents and Offences in Charleston.-Several shocking
circumstances occurred at Charleston, S.C. the day after
Christnas. A son of Gen. Hamilton had one hand so se-
verely injured by the explosion of a powder-flask that it
was rendered necessary to amputate it.-A young man by
the name of Dempry was shot dead in the Potter's Field
by some person unknown ; two balls entered one side,
passing entirely through the body.. The person-who shot
the young mian was seen to run by some persons, immedi-
ately after the young man fell. [New Era.
T/h Academy at Cold Spring, Putnam Co., was de-
stroyed by lire on the morning of the 30th ulilt. Loss
$1 000. It will be rebuilt forthwith. The fire is sup-
posed to have caught from thie stove.

'THEATRICALs.-We do not hold ourselves guilty of hyvper-
criticism, or amenable to cengure in pronouncing the P'ail
' Theatre, under Simpson's management, the best regulatntd
establishment of the kind in the Union. Without resorting
to humbug, or sinking the drama to a level with the vitiated
and degraded taste of the majority, he ever succeeds in bring
ing together a respectable audience, who prefer the legitimate
drama, to the compositions of the present day, wherein the
only embraced objects seem to be, to present the motley of a


Bartholomew Eair, with the respectable addition of piping
Harlequins and noisy buffoons. The Palk is well regulated
in this respect, and it is gratifying to know that it is support-
ed respectably by the friends of dramatic excellence.
Miss Tree performed a short engagement recently, and ran
through some of Shakspeare's comedies with spirit and ef-
fect. She is now in Philadelphia.
Master Burke was and Power is playing here-the former
to empty boxes-the latter, as usual, to crowded ones.
The stock company is decidedly the best we have ever
seen, and reflects high credit upon Manager Simpson. Of
him it is unnecessary to speak, further than to recommend the
Theatre under his control to the patronage of those who
relish good acting and a well conducted establishment.
The Bowery, it must be admitted, is the popular theatre of
our city, and enjoys a large share of public favor. Its mana-
ger, Diineford, has shown us an instance of his perseverance
and industry, in the matterof rebuilding lhe Bowery, and the
taste evinced in the furnishing of the interior. The orna-
mental work is represented as being highly chaste and elegant,
Italian in design and the work of skilful artists. The Drop
Curtain we think would be more appropriate to an Amphi-
theatre or Gladiatorial arena, than suitable for its present
purpose. We learn that is now in perfect order,and the house
presents a finished appearance.
Geo. Jones and Mr. Eaton were among the Stars at the
opening. The first named gentleman seems out of his pro-
per sphere in tragedy. He may improve, however. Mr.
Eaton is spoken of as promising and talented. Not having
the leisure to judge for oursegves as to the merits of the new
establishment, we insert the communication of a correspond-
ent, who treats the subject knowingly: 4 *
The company is rich in comedy, and the elegant play of
'The Wonder' was admirably produced last week. The
leading actress, Miss Waring, is worth any two of the best
we have seen. Place her in tragedy or comedy, opera or
farce, she is equally an fait in all, and by her perfect ease
conveys a pleasant illusion to the audience of the reality of
the scene, A trifling but pretty little melo-drama, called the
'Wreck of the Bristol,' was very stccessfully produced last
Monday. It carefully avoids all allusion to the real sufferers
in that dreadful disaster, but makes a pleasing fiction partake
of the local interest derived from the name. A very singular
piece is talked of for next week's amusement-nothing less
-than the Burning of the Bowery itself-a. strange idea, and
we doubt not a money-making one. These lesser lights are
but the notes of preparation to a magnificent Oriental Melo-
dramna,'by Louisa RI. Medina, founded on Mr. Spring's new
work of Giafar al Barmeki, which will be got up in a manner
superbly gorgeous.."
Mile. Celeste was recently injured by the upsetting of a
stage between Philadelphia and Baltimore.

DIED, of Pulmonary Consumption, at Schodack Landing, N. Y. on
Sunday, January Ist, Miss ELIZABETHn SEBRING, aged 23 yeal-s.-b., s
S. has been an occasional contributor (over the signature of Eloisae'
to the columns of The New-Yorker since the summer of 1834, and less
considerably, we believe, to one or two other periodicals. She was
gifted with an ardent though chastened fancy and a highly poetic
temperament and diction-shaded, however, by an overpowering
melancholy, which early and severe bereavements, a shattered consti-
tution, and a knowledge and contemplation of her inevitable fate colm-
bined to foster and increase, beyond the hope of alleviation. Sihe
spent the winter of 1835-6 in Charleston, S. C. inn the vain hope of
baffling the insidious disease which had marked herfor its victim, but
returned in the ensuing Spring, with every symptem of her malady
fearfully aggravated beyond thie possibility of cure. Since that time
she has resided principally with her friends at Schodack Landing, the
home of her childhood, surrounded by every influence which could
soothe her latest moments and inspire her with fortitude to meet the
approaches of the Destroyer. Light be thie clods of the valley upon
her wasted form rapturous the peace of Heaven to her gentle and
fervent spirit !
Tihe following hasty tribute is from the pen ofa near and attached re-
lative, who was the intimate and idolizing associate of botlther brighter
'ind darker years:
THE .DEATH-BED.
"4 Why should we mourn them /when in peace they die 2?"
We stood around tine dying bed
Of ttle beautiful and young:
Thie hand of Death was on her brow,
And on her faltering tongue.
The fallen lashes of the eye
Were closed-but ai sweet smile
lh ,. ..., Inl. lip in loveliness,
i'.. : cheek was blanched tile while.
O! it was hard to see her die,
So young, so lov'd and fair;
Ere yet her bloom had passed its Spring,
To see Death's finger there.
The struggling sigh, aud all was o'er,
TIle imprismon'd soul was free;
Her 'our had come-that last still sleep
'Woke in Eternity.
Schodack Landing, Jan. 3, 1837. ISIDOR .


Ja trrielt,
On Saturday, Mr. Thomas Ormiston to Miss Janet Morrison, both of
Scotland.
On Saturday, by Elder Isaac N. Walter, Mr. Charles J. Peck to Miss
Caroline E. Small.
Oni Monday, by the same, Mr. Elisha Bedell to Miss Sully Morrison.
On Tuesday, by his Honor the Mayor, Mr. George W. Corlies to
Miss Ellen G. Coles.
On Wednesday, by Elder Issac N. Walter. Mr. David L. Williams
to Miss Hester Ann Minturn.
At Mount Morris, N. Y., on the 26th ult. by the Rev. C. H. Good-
rich, Charles 0. Shepard, Esq., Member of Arseinbly, of Arcade,
Genesee Co., to Miss Rhoda It. Lymon, daughter of the late Win.
Lymon, D. D., formerly of Ea3t Haddain, Conn.
3I ieD,
On Monday, the 9th inst. Lorenzo Dow Tenbrook, aged 28 years.
On Tuesday, the 10th inst. widow Ann S. Passinger, aged 38.
On Wednesday, Mr. Joseph Freeze, aged 43 years.
On Wednesday, Mr. John Clhamplin, aged 27 years.
On Wednesday, Eliza A. wife of Edwin R. Kiik, aged 22 yeais.
Onil Thursday, Mr. Weo. McKenzie, aged 70 years.
At New-Orleans, on tlhe 2d inst. Col. Charles Pindar, a native of
St. Petersburg, Russia, and Consul for that .Empire in the United
States.
The City Inspector reports the death of 180 persons during' the
week ending Saturday, January 7.

THE NEW-YORKER- QUARTO FORM--NEW SEltIES.
PROSPECTUS OF THE SECOND VOLUME.
THE Publishers of tihe New-Yorker commenced in M.arch last, a
weekly edition of their publication in quarto form, and made, its they
thought, ample provision for supplying as great n eniler of subsrci-
bers as their most flattering hopes led them to believe would patron-
ize the work under its then new arrangement. They have been de
ceived-agreeably so, in their calculations, inasmuch as tile ltv.yr
shown to thle publication rapidly absorbed the whole edition, and con-
stant orders are received for copies, which the Publishers have been
unable to supply. With a view to obviate this dilliculty, and meet tihe
wishes of tile many who desire to patronize tile work, the Publishers
have resolved to neutralize.the blank in tile current order of the vol-
nume, by changing so far the present at rangement, as to furnish two
volumes in a year, in lieu of one, as stated in thle original prospectus.
On the Twenty-Fourth of September next, therefore, will be issued
the first number of a new series of tile Quarto New-Yorker, or No. 1
of Vol. II. thus affording to new subscribers an opportunity of begin-
ning with a distinct volume, entirely unconnected with the one pre-
ceding, while our original patrons will be advantaged in receiving their
copies in a form calculated better for binding in a convenient volntie,
than under the old arrangement. The distiinguislhing line between the
old and new Series will be indicated at tile head of the first page
every number; andas no change is contemplated in the size or quality
of the work, no inconvenience can result to those who have taken it
from the commencement; while, on the other hand, it presents I llie
features of an entirely new publication to. those who may date their
subscription with thle new volume.
Under its improved arrangement, the whole edition for one year will
embrace two semi-annual volumes, eaci containing four hundred and
sixteen pages of original andl selected matter such as has leretiolbre
been presented to its readers, and which, itis hoped, has been of a
character to meet the full approval of the literary and general tastes
of the reading community. Tile two volumes will comprise eight
hundred and thirty-two pages, fifty-two of which will be Music.
The ainu of the Publishers is to present in a compact, neat, and por-
table form, a literary and miscer., a.- A. i .1 .,.,i.j toethe intlel-
lectual wants of their readers; anll I.... th,: j dlt.i-rinlg success
that has thus far rewarded their efforts, they indulge the hope that tile
New-Yorker will continue to receive that share of public favor wnicha
it has ever been their study to merit. The expression of cordiality
and good feeling manifested by their friends and contemporaries affords
gratifying evidence that the character of their journal has been based
upon a correct foundation, and it would therefore be irrelevant to say
aught regarding their future intentions, further than to express their
determination of leaving no means untried of furnishing a sheet
which will bear respectable criticism when compared with any of the
periodicals of the day of a similar character.
To those who propose patronizing the work, promptitude in for
warding their orders is earnestly recommended, as from present ap-
penrances it is believed that, large as the edition is which will be print-
ed, still tile numerous orders daily received for it, will quickly put it.
out of the power of tihe Publishers to supply back numbers, and they
will not warrant tile entire volume to those who may come in lat_. with
their subscriptions. Annexed are tie conditions which must be strictly
adhered to, as the line of conduct laid down will govern the transac
tion of business between tile publishers and patrons.
CONDITIONS.
The Quarto New-Yorker will be psublinhed every Saturday after
noou on an extra-imperial sheet of the finest quality, eionl)prlinitg snx-
teen pages of three columns each, and afforded to its patron.- it city
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It. GREELEY & CO. 127 Nassau-st. New-York.
** Editors of papersexchanging with us will please give the above
an insertion.
THE NE W-.YOI KE R- (QUARTO,)
Is Published every Saturday Evening. at No. 127 Nassau street,
BY H. GREELEY & CO.
.TERMS-THREE DOLLARS PER ANNUM IN ADVANCE.
Two copies will be sentto one order for $5 where no charge is incurred for
agency or postage, hut not otherwise. Local agents sending us the cash ia
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2V2 T'HE NEW-YORKER.



A BALLAD, WRITTEN BY E. FITZ BALL, ESQ.,-COMPOSED BY G. H. RODWELL.
ALLEGRETTO MODE-ATO. .. "- -
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When the go... wornn gilds thile el. .fiun flower Thatclings uind shrine Where first we met, where first we lov, And I confessed me


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( .fl-sleno.rF1 FrI



sleno.


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thine; i Tis there I'll fly to meet thee still, At sound of Ves .. .per bell, In tine star......ry light of a sum... .mer night, In the


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star ..... ry light of a snM .... .Aer night On thebanks of the blue 10o......selle, On the banks of the blue HIo..sclle: In the
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_\ .-_ I --- p -1 collavoce.

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--- ". 1_ f On the ile-- --*-
star....yligyhtofa snm..Iner's night, banks of tlheblue Moselle. -- S -- =-
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._ -= _-_ -- : -' : - "-,a-a- .gi asB-- -asu- . ,a-s: --sn-, . .a as i: i -'- -smu-a a. . ..im..


2. If tihe cares of life should shade thy brow,
Yes, yes, iln our native bowr's
iy XLute and heart naighii best accord
To It 1 of happier houri.;


Ies, lhere I '11 soo thy griefs to rest,
]Each sigln of sorrow quell,
In the starry light of a sunimer night,
In the starry light of a summer night,


On the banks of tine blue Vloselle,
On the banks of the blue Hoselle;
In the starry light of a summer night,
On the banks of the blue Moselle.


I I I I


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