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The New-Yorker
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073673/00001
 Material Information
Title: The New-Yorker
Uniform Title: New-Yorker (New York, N.Y. 1836)
Alternate title: New Yorker
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: H. Greeley & Co.
Place of Publication: New York N.Y
Creation Date: September 10, 1836
Publication Date: 1836-1841
Frequency: weekly
regular
Edition: Quarto ed.
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- New York (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- New York County (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- New York -- New York
Coordinates: 40.716667 x -74 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Citation/Reference: Fox, L.J. New York City Newspapers, 1820-1850
Additional Physical Form: Available on microfilm from University Microfilms (American periodical series: 1800-1850).
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Mar. 26, 1836)-v. 11, no. 26 (Sept. 11, 1841).
Numbering Peculiarities: Issues for Sept. 24, 1836-Sept. 11, 1941 called also whole no. 27-whole no. 286.
Numbering Peculiarities: Pages numbered consecutively in each volume.
General Note: Previously classed as a periodical in LC.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01588060
lccn - sn 86091368
System ID: UF00073673:00001
 Related Items
Related Items: New-Yorker (New York, N.Y. : 1834)
Succeeded by: New-Yorker (New York, N.Y. : 1834)
Succeeded by: New-York weekly tribune

Full Text
















BY H. GREELEY & CO. OFFICE 127 NASSAU-STREET. THREE DOLLARS PERf ANNUM.

VOL. i. NEW-XORfl, SATURDkAY EVENING, SEPTEBIBER 10, 13S6. Pr. SS,


For the New-Yoprker.
TO AN ANCIENT ELM,
COME, tell us a story of ancient time-
Of scenes once witness'd in this fair dlimet-
When thy form was slender, fresh and young,
And Spring zephyrs played thy leaves among;
When the birds poured forth their songs of glee,
While round thee sporting with pinions free,
Or 'mid the rich garlands that deck'd thy head,
They nightly sunk to their curtain'd bed.
The river that pours its sparkling tide,
As ye proudly tower on its flowery side,
For ages has moistened its pebbly bed
Since o'er its waters your-branches spread,
Or low in the depths of its crystal light
Ye first saw your form reflected bright.
q Say, have ye not seen Morn's earliest ray
From the face of the stream chase the mists away?
And the sun, as lie rose, send his earliest beam
To tip the green waves with his diamond gleamn ?
While the balmy breeze, as it murmured by,
Breathed softly as Childhood's early sigh.
On the plain that around like.a map is spread,
Have ye seen the conflict-the dying, thie dead ?
Have weapons of death neathh thy shade been hurl'd,
While the foeman's banner was there unfiirl'i'd
Have ye heard, too, at night the frightful yell
Of the murderous war-whoop-the white man's knell ?
To the rock at thy foot, where the wild flowers grew,
Has the red tnan fastened his frail canoe ?
Has the panther sprung from thy branches high
On the timid deer as he ventured nigh ?
Or the eagle, thy verdant boughs among,
With kindest care reared her callow young ?
Where ye now see rising the graceful spire,
Have warriors group'd round the council fire?
Have ye seen them sitting in grave debate,
Or fiendishly seal the victim's fate,
Where over the plain are thickly strewn
The signs that say the dark ages are gone ?
Front the sober shade that is o'er thee cast,
We know:that thy doom is approaching fast;
Soon the gentle breezes will cease to play
'Mid thy leaves, as they greet the new-born day :
We would learn of the faded Past from thee,
Then tell us a tale, thou ancient tree. FLoRIuN.
Fut the New-Yorker.
LETTERS,FROM MEXICO.
Monuments in the different Churchos-Suhtitute ior the iBell--Thursday
evening tlutminaLioll in the Churches-iDe.cription of hial 1 .1.
.-ofthatinthe Profes-ofthat its Sin F';,neisc-Go(d r ..
dolence with Our Lady-Image of Oar L.nly and St rnon-Procession of
.i.-Permission to ring '.lie Bess and unse Carriages on Sattirday-Burni ng
ofJudas. -
THE public, square and the corners of the streets are fur-
nished with a number of'booths ; and early in the morning,
the Indians bring in green boughs to adorn the front of them,
--and flowers again, to make them more gay. Here they
sell drinks, such as ptlque, chica, &c. an.l the glasses are
generally crowned with a poppy. ,
The ladies now throng the pavement with their beaux, and
give quite a butterfly air to the scene ; for hundreds of-deli-
cate feet press the flag-stones during these two days (Thurs-
day and Friday of Passion Week) that had scorned to do so
for the whole year before. But there is no remedy, for the
carriages are forbidden. They are moving to see the monu-
ments in the different churches previous to the evening illu-
mination-to kneel before this, cross themselves before that,
pray at another, and admire a fourth. No one is at home
all day, but at meal-time. Some Convents will have many
churches and chapels within their precincts, all of which
must be adorned with monuments, and the walls covered,
perhaps, with large paintings ofscriptural subjects, used only
on this occasion. All must be visited and -examined, and
they are the happiest who see most. .
The bells of the city being silenced, another means is now
adopted to bring the pious to their religious duties, and note


the different periods of the service. Every church is furnish-'

ed with an enormous rattle, called a matraca; and this,
placed orn the roof, makes a terrible noise, distinguishable at
a very great distance. That of the Cathedral is particularly
large and deep-toned. But these are not the only matracas
which infest the city. Every article which can be conceived
is mounted in this manner- drums, pin-cushions, men, hor-
ses, &c. And when the father of all the matracas speaks in
his own deep gruff tone from above, his nephews and nieces
and younger sons below are immediately set clacking in such
a melodious undertoned cadence, that you are almost tempted
to stuffsome cotton into your ears to escape the infliction.-
Rattles are the ordinary presents which are made in these
two days; and hence the name of a present given'at this
time is called matraca,' whether it be a rattle or not. Ser-
jants also at this season expect a gratuity. called by this
name./ Formerly, large silver rattles were not infrequently
presented among Iriends : now, however, it is rare.
In the evening of this day, the interior of all the churches
and chapels in the city is brilliantly illuminated; and all
Mexico is in commotion to see which excels the other in the
quantity of wax expended, and which monument shines hand-
somest in the blaze of light Certainly there is something
grand and imposing in the tout ensemble of these ecclesiasti-
cal exhibitions.
On this occasion, the Cathedral is. nothing-it has barely
a few lights ;. but the Sagrario, or parish church, which'
forms one of the wings and communicates with its right
aisle, is very splendidly illuminated.' The monument con-
sists principally of glass, which reflects the light in a thou-
sand directions ; while the delicate yellow of the young
wheat looks mioro delicate by this light, ah- the chia mere
green, than by that of day. Then the large wax candles,
with.two rows of little gold or colored paper flags stuck in
then, waving with the various currents in the building ; the
tables placed here and there, with one or more monks at.
each, reading the service or some passages of Scripture in a
low voice to the- groups who surround them ; the table at the
door, where an old servant of the Cathedral sits and asks
every one fit his entry for money for the occasion, and pronm-
ising to the donor ample interest in the world to come ;-all
this, together with the general silence which reigns in other
respects, contributes to gratify the stranger who sees it for
the first time, and to impress him with a kind of awe.
Going from the Cathedral dn the way to the Convent of
San Francisco, you stop at the Church of the Profesa. and
enter to see how it is set off, and to look at the busy crowds
who are going in and out, or performing their religious devo-
tions before the monument. On these occasions, there is a
large carpet which extends same distance from the altar, and
which, by a species of common consent, seems to belong to
the ladies-for the greater part of the gents appear to keep a
little aloof. The monument iti this church almost resembled
a Grecian temple, and was very handsomely adorned in.front,
on the steps and railing of the altar, with various presents of
wheat, chia, flags, silvered clabashes, &c. This is one of
.the richest churches in Mexico ; it is therefore no wonder
that it should shine on this anniversary:
Passing on in the same line of streets, you arrive at the
Convent of San Francisco. This'is the largest monastic
establishment, I think, in thei city. It covers a spot ofground
about 350 paces long by 225 broad-occupying the site on
which stood the second grand temple of Mexico at the time
of the Conquest. It contains four large churches, besides
various chapels, and has two gardens within its walls. On
*this occasion, it was one of'.he principal lions, and was very
well crowded, considering that it unfortunately rained the
whole evening: last year, the attendance of ladies was far
greater, owing to the fine weather.
The two chapels-the one on the right and the other on
the left as you enter at the principal gate-were both very
handsome ; and in the porch of the latter eat an old servant


I


of the Convent at a table, industriously calling upon all visit-
ants to give something towards the pesame (condolence) of
Our Lady, which was to take place the next day, and giving
abundant promises of interest- in the next world. But, un-
fortun.itely, the interest was so great (4l0 per cent.) that
most people seemed content with contributing coppers.
In the right hand corner of another chapel, the Saviour was
represented within the iron gratings of a prison. It was an
emaciated figure as large as life, the eyes bandaged, anl
dressed as a friar. A cord (such as friars are said to use for
the infliction of corporeal punishment) was passed around his
body, each end of which was terminated by a tassel. This
was passed through the gratings, (supposed to represent his
prison the night before the crucifixion,) and the eager crowd
of low people were passing it from one to another as an act of
grace. Meanwhile the actors behind the scene gave some
melancholy music with a fife and a child's drum ; and every
now and then, there was a clanking of chains dragged along
the floor, to give mole efSect to the piece. An indifferent al-
tar.at the farther end, and a bench on either side filled by the
church with some individuals-most likely as an act of pen-
ance-and the scene was complete.
I entered another chapel formed by two naves at right an-
gles with each other. At the farther end of one was an altar,
and there were-devotces on their knees before it, listening to
-the sounds' of a miserable piano, ,vith a still more miserable
player : it-might even be a spinet. from its ancient appear-
ance and wretched notes. To the left of the entrance, and
opposite the altar, in a dark, dismal,'dungcon-looking place,
was placed an image of Our Lady, dressed in* black velvet,
with a circlet ofglo.y round her head, while a dagger was
thrust into her heart, in allusion to the expression, The iron
has entered into my soul.'- This image was destined to play
a conspicuous part in the drama of the succeeding evening
in the same Convent.
The monuments of the different churches in the same es-
tablishment were very handsome in their decorations, in the
profusion of wax lights, chia, flags, &c. especially the prin-
cipal church, which was one flood of light up to the fine fan
ceiling over the altar, on which is painted a scriptural subject.
On the side walls of the same were extended paintings of
various passages in the life of our Saviour and of the saints,
particularly the Last Supper: these concealed the various
altars which arc visible on ordinary occasions, and all the
fine sculpturing and carving with which these costly edifices
abound. The walls of the other churches were hung with
purple drapery, which contrasted solemnly with the blaze of
the illuminated monuments.
It would be difficult for any one to figure to himself a de-
scription of the enchantment of the scene unless he 1ad wit-
nessed it. A French gentleman, who has attended the dis-
play at Rome and at Mexico, gives a decided preference to
that of the latter.
It was the custom in formeryears on this day for a number
of fellows to go masked on horseback as Jews, and perform
the masquerade of Pontius Pilete and the condemnation of
Jesus ; but this year it was prohibited by a bando of the Go-
vernor, Cortina, one of the firmest and most zealous adminis-
trators of justice that Mexico has seen fora long time.
Good Friday, as the day on which our Saviour was cru-
cified, is observed here as the Psame de Nui2,lae Senora,'
or the day of condolence with Our Lady on the loss of her
son-the monuments being now all taken away. In the eve-
ning, there was a sermon on the subject in the San Francis-
co, where I was presenttwhich was delivered by a very per-
sonable brother of that order, who I strongly suspect from
his appearance was not one of that abstemious class who
mortify themselves ever, and refuse all' the good things of
this life' that fall in their way. The church was brilliantly
illuminated, and the image of Our Lady, mentioned above,
was placed in her niche in the ground altar. After, a short
service, the sermon was delivered, and then some of the










TPHE NE W-YORKtt R.


members of the Ayuntamiento (Government) assisted to re-
move the image to the front of the altar ; when, after some
chaunting, a way was opened through the crowd, and it was
carried in procession through the church and the spacious
court of the Convent, atd finally lodged in one of the chapels,
whither the crowd followed it, and put themselves on their
knees, rcsapdo-that is, repeating the Salve and Are over
and over again. The ceremony finished about a quarter past
'nine at night, shortly after which every body retired.
The next morning, (Saturday,) about 10 o'clock, after high
mass, the great bell of the Cathedral, called Maria Santisi-
ma, awakes from her two days' repose, and a cannon in the
Plaza denotes that the ban is taken off the carriages, which,
having the mules harnessed to them an hour before, rush out
into the streets in an instant. A thousand little ugly repre-
sentations of Judas have been strung across the streets by
the boys, and larger ones placed .at the corners ; and no
sooner is the bell heard than fire is applied to them, and it
may well be said that they 'go to the devil,' for they explode
almost all at the same moment with a deafening noise, and
the mutilated carcases of the larger ones may be seen carried
about in all directions. The city is now all alive with car-
riages and bells ; and this is the more perceptible by contrast
with the two preceding days.
Thus end the ceremonies of the season, and things resume
their accustomed round. s. w.
For the New-Yorker.
LINES ON AN INFANT.
STRANGER, pause, and lightly tread
Abovethe cold and silent dead;
For a young babe has gone to sleep, .
And left its mother lone to weep.
It rests beneath-Oh, wake it not,
For it has'ecaped a dreary lot.
Better the bud to die when young,
Than live to blossom fair,
And, when it opera its leaves, to find
The canker-worm is there.

SOU"D AND SENss.-That in the formation of lantguge,
men have been much influenced by a regard to the nature
of the things and actions meant to be' represented, is a
fact of which every known speech gives proof. In our
own language, for instance, who does not perceive in the
sound of the words thunder, boundless, terrible, a some-
thing appropriate to the sublime ideas intended to be con-
veyed i7 It the word crush, we hear the very action
implied. Swoop-"at one fll swoop"-seems as if it
actually echoed the murderous action by which the whole
family of the poor thane was fancied to be destroyed. Imp
-elf-how descriptive of theta( miniature beings to which
we apply them Fairy-how light and tripping, just like
the fairy herself!-tle word, no more than the thing,
seems fit to bend the grass blade, or shake the tear from
the blue-eyed flower. Pea is another of those words ex-
pressive of light diminutive objects: any man born with-
out sight and touch, if such ever are, could tell what kind
of a thing a pea was, from the sound of the word alone.
Of these picturesque words, sylvan and crystal are among
our greatest favorites. Sylvau !-what visions of beauti-
ful old sunlit forests, with Ihintsmen and hugle-horns, arise
at the sound! Crystal !-docs it not glitter lile the very
thing it stands for ? Yet crystal is not so beautiful as its
own adjective, Crystalline!-why, the whole mind is
lightened up lvith its shine. And 1his superiority of crys-
talline over crystal is exactly ais it shouiild lie, tor crystal
can only b bbut one comparively small object, while crys-
talline may refer to a mass-to a world of crystals.
It will be found that n.'itural objects have a larger pro-
portion of expressive naines2 aniongst them than any oihei
thing. The eagle-vii n)pprio p)riale darinlig and sutb-
limity ; the dove -'-wit :al soiu.-s ; the liUnc t-whli flhitle r-
ing gentleness! The beauty of flowers can be heard.
That which men call a rose wonld not by any other
name, or at least by many olher haimles, solllli aas sweet.
Suppose itcalled trumpery--it would be puit down below
the poppies immediately, and never cultivated more. Lily
-whit tall, cool, pale, lady-like beauty have we here!
Violet, jessamine, hyacinth, anemo-nc, geranium m!-beauties
all of them to the ear as well ni, the eve. The. name of
the precious stones have also ai hlipautynd niagnificence
above most common thing-, Diaiiiid-supphiirei-ame-
thyst-beryl-rtuby-agate-pea rl-j sper- toym- garnet
emerald-what a carcanet of sparkling sounds A nchk-
lace of the words, writ in fair capitals. would tell (almost)
as well as the actual jewelry. Cliamber,' Journal.

'l llu not lave!' These sounds have often
Burst from a troubled breast!
Rarely from one no sighs could soften,
Rarely from one at reot!


For the New-Yorker.
BYRON.
The keenest pangs the wretched find
Are rapture to the dreary void-
The leafless desert of the mind-
The waste of feelings unemployed.' Q1?aour, 1. 874.
SUcH, noble Byron was thy fate-
STo bear the pangs of o'erwrought feeling;
Thine was a heart made desolate
By, woes-that torture past revealing.
And whose the fault, or what the cause?
Did Nature frame thy breast for wo ?
Did she forsake her generous laws,
And form thee to be wretched ?-No.
Kind Nature made that soul for bliss,
But tyrant Fortune crossed her way,
And plunged thee in that dread abyss,
Where blighted hopes deep buried lay.
.A first misplaced affection threw
Its darkening shadow o'er Life's stream;
Which deeper, denser, deadlier grew,
Till lost was each faint flickering beam
Of joy : then rose thy high-toned lyre-
When waned thy hopes of home-horn bliss,
Blazed forth thy mind's celestial fire-
Kindled by such a blast as this!
High towered its flame-its incense rose
Above all else that burned the while;
Alas, not purer! why should those
Who thus can charm stoop to the vile ?
But let thy frailties rest-let Him
Who formed thy heart to His own will-
If passion-waves rose to the brim,
Had power to say,' Peace, peace, be still!'-
Let Him be judge-we may enjoy
Thy pure, thy exquisite sublime;
The dross alone Time will destroy,
All else will share the fate of Time.
Could'st thenou not rest with such a fame ?
Could not a poet's laurel wreath,
Twining around thy glorious name,
Shielding it from Oblivion's death,
Suffice thee ?-Must Ambition's sun
Its wild, delirious lustre lend ?
Must War's unholy wreath be won-
The Chieftain with the Poet blend ?'
But no unhallowed wreath is thine-
In Freedom's cause thy flag unrolled ;
'Twas Greece, land of the sacred Nine,
That sought thy aid, that shared thy gold,
And e'en the glory of thy. death : ,
'Tis Missolonghi's boast to claim
The honor ofthy parting breath,
Which would alone confer a name.
And Hellas has thy heart. That land
Which gave thee birth-nouaght olse but wrong-
Claims but thy ashes-on her strand
Repose all that to her belong.
And yet thou loved'st her: all the woes
Which envy malice, hate could pour,
Justly recoiled and fell on those
Whose wrongs exiled thee from her shore-
But not on her: the patriot feeling,
By nature hers, thus thrown away ,
Found elsewhere actioi-e'en Greece, kneeling,
Disdained not for thy aid to pray.
'Twas freely granied-there upon
Her proudest page shall EveoS stand,
Withe high l names of ages gone,
The deathless of ti hy chosen land! Cvi.:.CN c.
THE OCEAN.-The sea is magnificent: I now feel, f..,
first lime, llie full thre eof the word.-, 'the wiuiress ,..I
waves.' As far as tlihe eye can reach, the whole blrizon .
one moving mass of billows, rolling, foatiiiin and thun-
dering on each other; sheets i o spray suddenly caught iup
and whirling to vast distances, like the banners of the bost
of waters. Here are no chains of rock to fret the wavvs,
no projections and piotuiontoiies to break their mass, no
distractions of the eye by the mixture of land and water:
all is ocean, deep, dreary illimitable. With such an ob-
ject before the poets of" the north, well might they fill their
imaginations with shapes of.desolate power. Among the
clouds which corne continually rolling along the horxoun,
and almost touching the waters, it would be no difficult
fancy even. now to conceive some of the old pirate fleets,
spreading sail from the Baltic,,and sweeping down, with
the lightning for their pilot, and thewinds for their trump,
to the ipoil qf Europe, All io wild, melancholy and grpnd.


From the Knickerbocker fao September.
OLLAPODIANA.
NUMBER FIFTEEN.
OH thou who lookest over this page of miine-who par-
ticipatest in thile 'portance of the travels' history of OI..A-
Pro-listen to me. Wouldst thonu journey with comfort
through the west of New-York, avoid the canal-bouts. 'At
first, when you embark, all seems fair; the eleemosynary
negro, who vexes his clarionet, and governs its tuneful
ventiges, to pay for his passage, seems a very Apollo to
your ear; the appointments of the boat appear ample ; a
populous town slowly glides from your view, and you feel
quite coinfortable and contented.. As yet you have not
gone below. Things above' attract your attention-some
pretty point of landscape, or distant steeple, shining among
the summer trees. Anon, the scenery becomes tame, and
you ,descend. A feeling comes over you, as you draw
your first breath in the cabin, which impels to the holding
of your nose. The cabin is full ; you have hit your head
twice against the ceiling thereof, and tumbled sundry times
against the seats at the side. Babies-vociferous babies-
are playing with their mothers' noses, or squalling in ap-
palling concert. If you stir, your foot treads heavily upon
the bulbous toes of some recumbent passenger; if you
essay to sleep, the gabble of those around you, or the
noisy gurgle of a lock, arouses you to consciousness--and
then, if you are of that large class of persons in whomi
the old Adam is not entirely crucified-then you swear.
Have you any desire for literary entertainment? Ap-
proach the table. There shall you find sundry tracts-a
copy of the Temperance Recorder-Goldsmith's Anima-
ted Nature, and Plutarch's Lives. By and by dinner ap-
proaches: and oh! how awful the suspense between the
hours of preparation and realization! Slowly, and one
by one, the dishes appear. At long intervals, or spaces of
separation from each other-say five for the whole length
of the boat-you behold tumblers arranged, with two for-
lorn radishes in each. The butter lies like gravy in the
plate-the malodorous passengers of the masculine gen-
der draw nigh to the scanty board-the captain comes
near, to act his oft-repeated part, as President of the Day.
Oh, gracious !-'tis a scene of enormous cry and scanty
wool. It mendicants description.

I was walking on the deck after dinner ducking my head
every noment at the cry of Bridge !'-when the captain
joined me, and began to relate the perils that lie had en-
countered, during his experience ont the deep waters'
over which we were gliding. It is not for every one,"
said he, to appreciate the perils of an official station like
mine. That little lad who stands beside you, and who,
though a stranger to you, seems to have a desire for your
coinpany--that urchin, could he stay with me tenjyears,
would be a sailor like me, and could relate like me his
hardships. Every year is fruitful of incident. Last year
-it was in the fall-this canauwl was visited with a gale-
and suc/ agale Do not discredit me, when I say, that,
owing to to te violence of it. nearly a dozen boats were
compelled to hig the shore; and believe tile, too, when I
tell you, that for twenty-five mnintes this very boat rested
upon a sand-bank, caused by the entrance of a creek.
Judge of mny feelings at that awful moment! I ordered
on deck the cook, the steward, and the rest of the crew,
together with silch passengers itas were not sound asleep,
insensible of their danger, and with as much coolness as I
could command, under the circumstances, I bade them
prepare for the worst. Two venerable persons of the
female hex-old women, as one wild young manila, whom
no danger could appal, denominated themn-escaped safe
to land. Dire terror ruled the hour. The winds blew :
the awful ripples dashed against the prow, as if they were
mad; and one distracted lady rushed about the deck, in-
quiring if I had seen her husband, Mr. Smilax Water-
house. Answering her in the negative, I bent my way to
-whai is vulgarly called lie tail end of the boat. What a
sight here met my eye The two ladies, it is true, had
escaped safl to l,mil, but they were in a woful pligtlit-
one of them having lost her shoe ifn the water, .and the
other her night-cap. On horror's head horrors accumu-
lated: and I was ott the eve of sinking in despair, with
no hopes of ever getting oil the sand-bar, when deliver-
ance came! A swell 'romn the lock, a few rods above,
lifted lis trom ouiir l arfll siltnialion, ad restored u1 to safety
and comitbrt."'
But the grand chearini and scne of a canal-packet is int
the evening. If on your way fiom Schenectady to Utica,
the sin goes down ilto 1lie rosy west, j.st after y6u leave
that beautiful gorge iu tlie Mohawk mountains, where
you see the Lowering pines on one side, rising precipi-
tously niear three itundred feet above you, and on the other,
the gentle river, calmly gliding through the vale below-
forming the only tolerable scono on the route. Well, you
go below, and there you behold a iot'ind motley assem-
blage. A kind of stillness b,.gins to reign around. It
seems as if a protracted meeting was about to commence.
Clergymen, capitalists, long-sided merchants, who have
come front far, green-horns, taking their first experience
of the wonders of the deep on the canaawl-all these are
htiddled togethVr in wild and inexplicable confusion, By









SE LE C TED LITERATURE. 3S7


and by the captain takes his seat, and the roll of berths is
called. Then, %hat confiisioin! Layer upon layer of
humanity is suddenly shelved for the night; and in the
preparation, what a world of bustle is required Boots
are r.:lea..,d from a hundred feet, and their owners depo-
sit them wherever they can. There was one man-Olla-
pod beheld him-who pulled off the boots of another per-
son, thinking the while-mistaken individual that he was
disrobing his own shrunken legs of their leather integu-
- ments, so thick were the limbs and feet that steamed and
moved round about. Another tourist-fat, oily, and round
-who had bribed the steward for two chairs placed by the
side of his berth, whereon to rest his abdomen, amused
the assembly by calling out Here, waiter! bring me
another pillow! I have got the ear-ache, and have put the
first one into my auricular organ!" Thus wore the hours
away. Sleep, you cannot. Feeble musquitoes, residents
in the boat, whose, health suffers from the noisome airs
they are nightly compelled to breathe, do their worst to
annoy you ; and then, Phcebns Apollo! how the sleepers
snore There is every variety of this music, from the low
wheeze of the asthmatic, to the stentorian grunt of the
corpulent and profound. Nose after nose lifts up its
tuneful oratory, until the place is vocal. Some comme-
nicative free-thinkers talk .in their sleep, and altogether,
they make a concerto and a diapason equal to that which
Milton speaks of, when through the sonorous organ from
many a row 'of pipes the sound-board breathes.' At last,
morning dawns; you ascend into pare air, with hair un-
kempt, body and spirit unrefreshed, and show yourself to
the people of some populous town into which yon are
entering, as you wash your face in canal water on deck,
from a hand basin! It is a scene, I say again, take it for
all in all, that throws description upon the parish, and makes
you a pauper in words. Ohejam jatis !"
Youi may meet with much edification on board one of
these craft, in observing the working of what is called
human nature. At dinner, a sour old bachelor, who had
been once, a supercargo to Smnyrna, and then a merchant
in a small way-bne who had all the stiff formality of a
half-cut gentleman, without the education or tact necessary
for the composition of even such a personage-procured
from a basket, which he was taking with him onr his jour-
ney, a bottle of warm champagne. A country friend,
with whomi he was accidentally travelling, was solicited
tq imbibe the vinous beverage with him. This friend was
one of those .maldpropos characters, who, with the best
intentiofis, are always saying something wrong. On
renewing his glass, he said: Well now, this 'ere tastes
like something-this aren't like the sour cider we get in the
coirnry, is it, any how ?"
t I hope you don't mean," said the fidgetty host, that
li.-r.: i5 any thing wrong about it?"
." Oh, int, by no means whatsoever. I reckon that it
is good. Let me give you a toast. Success to American
man ufactures !"
Sir," responded the ci-devant supercargo, what
do you mean I Why do you give that toast, of ill oth-
ers T. I ask you candidly, is this wine like American
manufacture "
God bless you,,neighbor, I didn't mean nothing of that
kind-and I say, let's drop the subject. Were you ever
in Newark ?"
The face of the old fellow assumed the hue of scarlet.
Fire stood in his eye. He sat down his glass and looking
daggers at his friend, observed :
I don't know what your object is-but you are evi-
dently trying to insult me. What has Newark to do with
this champagne? Do you suppose it is made there ? Sir,
your conduct is outrageous."
The countryman sunk back against the boat-side, ob-
serving that he wouldn't never attempt to get up a
variety in his conversation again."
This remind_ mne of a scene told ofLockport. A clown
there w .alked up leiurL irl 'to thfe stall of one of those sinu;ll
traders who furnish canal-tourists of limited means with
wittles aild drink,' and just as lie was oi the point of
vending a large lot of sausages to a hungry-looking tra-
veller, which were to last him until his arrival at Bufftlo,
the vagabond, looking suspiciously at the article, and ad,
dressing.the seller, said :
Is them good sassenges?"
Yes, they are good sausages, you ignorant ramus.
You would like to keep me from selling 'em, if youi could
fix it that way, I don't doubt."
No I wouldn't," responded the loafer; "I don't know
nothing 'special about them sassenges; they may be good
sassenges ; I don't say they a' il good sassenges; all 1 do
say is, that wheresomever you see then kind o'sassenges,
you don't see no dogs !"
I guess, on reflection," said the traveller, that I won't
negotiate for them articles. That mail's last remark has
gi'n me a dislike to 'em."
a a *
Is it not pleasant to revisit the scenes of one's early
days'? So silently questioned Ollapod himself, as he jour-
neyed toward the West, what time the sun was sinking in
the accident, leaving his last rays on those dark forests of


pines and cedars which begird the lake of Oneida, in the
Onondago country. The exclusive extra' performed its
locomotive office with wonderful rapidity and eff:ct-the
cattle attached thereunto having only the labor of drawing
' wife, self, and servant.'
Pleasant was it to rise at S- in the morning, and
walk about, gazing at familiar scenes, iunvisited for years.
Nature, sweet nature! was still the same : and as I jour-
neyed hurriedly round and round, looking upon the-pigimy
doings of man, compared with the scenery fashioned by
the hand of God, the Spirit of the Past came by, and
tanned me with her fairy wings. A thousand recollec-
tions filled my mind as I peramrbulated, until I chanted,
in my trance of memory, a part of a beautiful poem, by
a-native hard, who of late has sadly degenerated in his
verses:
'I stand upon my native hills again!
Broad, round, and green, that :.ie southern sky,
Witlh garaiture of waving grass anid grain,
Orchards, and beechen forests, basking lie.'
How many events come before the mind like the shadow
of a dream Such was my sojourn in the place where
I was bori.' It was short -but sweet. I found my heart
filled with teeming recollections: every thing was new to
my eye; but I felt that my bosom was unchanged. 1
have-and I thank my God for the possession-feelings
and sensibilities, untainted and unwoorn. In my spirit, I
can still experience that newness of delight which is said
to wear off easily by contact with the world. It is not so
with me. A poem or a scene-the lapse of a beautiful
river, or the sheen of a rich woodland or field-can yield
for my mind the same fruitage of contentment which it
felt and relished in other days. For the perpetual presence
of this capacity, I am deeply and devoutly thankful. I
would not exchange it for worlds.

Sweet Auburn! loveliest village of'-and so forth.
Every body knows the quotation. Charming were the
hours we passed therein, with beloved friends. If I ever
felt a political predilection-which I never did-I could
have wished, as we closed the emboweredd gate of our
hospitable friend S-, and his assiduous household, that
he had been elected Governor of the Empire State. Au-
burn was lovely ; but saving the premises of the above-
mentioned, and, a very few of the same character, it has
sadly changed from the 'Iolden time.' I say sadly, because
I deem that the improvements in tenemen ts, and marts of
stone, which the town has been garnished withal, are but
continuations, as it were, of the State's Prison. How-
ever, the least said is the soonest mended. The effect, to
the traveller, on entering the place, is certainly pleasing,
and indicative of great improvement. A superb hotel
y'clept tie AMrERiCAN-I love the latter-is there; and in
the scenery round about, there is much to please, and
much to see.
Reader, have you ever.journeyed in the Genesee coun-
try ? 1 you have not, how much have you lost! I speak
not to thise who pass the wonderful works of God with
unobservant eyes, but I talk to those who find sermons
and good in every thing. To such, I would say, Surely
you were charmned with the Skaneateles, and the regions
round about Cayuga?" There the country is healthy to
live in, and lovely to see. Passing the lake of Cayuga,
you cannot well ornit to notice the peculiar greenness of
the waters. They seem to the eye as if the grassy banks
which surround them had been melted, and transfused into
liquid emerald. Il you should ever visit Cayuga-1 speak
now to any one who has neglected the western tour hith-
erto-you will perceive the truth of this present writing.

Capital, and most delectable to see, is the lake of Ge-
neva, and that beautiful gem of a town which crowns its
crystal wave, above a strip of emerald verdure and gar-
dens flowering in the sun of June! How sweet the day
beams on those banks repose!" As we neared them, to-
ward the going down of the sun, methought I was like
the pilgrim of Bunryan, approaching thle glorious regions
of the land of Beulah, and that I could discern the spirits
of the blessed walking in white' along its romantic ter-
races. It seemed 'a fairy city of the heart;' and for one
short but delicious moment, I felt overcome with that en-
ii.n,,-'.in, engendered by the eye within the mind, and de-
serving that striking observation of Madame De Stael,
' the superfluity of the soul,' thinking the while of Perci-
val's noble lines to the Seneca waters:
On thy fair bosom, silver lake,
The wild swan spreads his snowy sail,
And round his breast tom ripples break,
As down lie bears before thie gale.'.

A ludicrous incident occurred at Batavia. There is a
creek in the neighborhood, which makes upward of con-
siderable' noise, after nightfall. The English passenger,
who reached the town before us, by leaving the stage and
walking on foot, imagined it to be the Falls of Niagara,
from which we were then between fifty and sixty miles.
He went out and listened. My God !" said he, what
oncommon roaring falls them is! They must ey-ther be
very 'igh, or else the witds is riz," The mistake was
not corrected, .and the fellow retired to rest, with his


stupid cranium firmly impressed with the belief that his
long ears had caught the sound of the Great Cataract.

Ten miles to the east of Buffalo, I looked out from our
conveyance, filled with anxious expectation. For the most
part, the day had been a day of wind and storm; but the
tempest had passed over-the winds had gone backhto
their caves-and the sun looked forth from the west, with
features of unutterable beauty. A vast curtain of clouds
rolled up front the north and north-west, leaving the cla-
rified sky so darkly and serenely blue, that it almost ap-
proached the purple. It was that part of the heavens
which bent its unfathomable arch over the expanse of Erie
and Niagara, on its resounding journey to the Ontario.
Far as the eye could reach, on every hand, save the rising
road toward the west, all the region round about was level
as the floor of a city saloon But the radius embraced by
the eye was small, from that very circumstance. The
only evidence we had of our proximity to those great
inland oceans, just mentioned, was traceable in the bend-
ing heads of those distant forest trees which were higher
than the surrounding monarchs of the wild. These, with
the orchard trees on both sides of the way, inclined to the
east at an angle of three horizontal to one vertical foot.
There were the symptoms of approach to Old Erie. There
the constant winds from the west had howled their winter
anthems, and wailed in praise of the strength and gran-
deur of Omnipotence. As I was saying, I looked forth
from our vehicle ; and becoming too much excited with
expectation to remain within, a gentleman, who knew my
impatience, counselled me to wait until we reached a
slight eminence beyond, where he told me I should in all
probability behold a sight worth seeing. This vague an-
nouncement sharpened my curiosity. At last, the trivial
eminence was reached, and my friend bade me cast my
glance to,, the north-west. I looked, and beheld, rising
above the level distance, apparently thirty miles off, a
spiral pillar of steamy mist, against the perfect sky, uplift-
ing itself with slow and solemn movement, ending in a
column of faint and'quivering, and beautiful crimson.
What do you think that is ?" said my friend.
Quite unable to answer the question, 1 confessed my
ignorance in thle phraseology of Polonius : By the mass,
I cannot tell."
"That,"' he said, ",is the spray from the Niagara!"
I felt my blood rush quicker, and tingle through my
veins, at the mere mention of the name: .I mounted on
the outside with the driver, and surveyed every object near
and far with the intense delightand quick sense of novelty
which I have cherished from my youth.
How high is the sun ?"-I inquired of the postillion,
after the seeing lapse of a few moments, as the great
orb appeared rapidly nearing the horizon-" and what is
the distance fronr Buffalo ?"
The sun is two hours up yet, sir, and I expect we are
a mild and a half from the city-jest about"'-aswered
Whip.
It was not without a laugh at his idea of calling Buffalo
a city, that I buttoned the over-coat which the freshening
wind from Erie, yet unseen, had rendered requisite, and
abandoned ,myself to the intoxication of my expectant
thoughts. Shortly, we began to ascend a rise of ground;
higher sweeps of landscape rolled upward from afar;
smokes, as from distant steam-boats, atose heavenward;
bright domes appeared; and all at once-beautiful sight!-
the city,' with its spires, and squares, and streets, lay at
my feet; a magnificent thoroughfare, Old Main, as the
Buffalonians call it, stretched for miles before my eye;
palaces were around me ; the thick spars of innumerable
ships streamed their colors on the breeze; water craft were
hastening to the Canadas, lying greenly and beautiful
across the hay ; and beyond all, Lake Eric stretched its
trelmblingly blue expanse toward the West, with shadows
of golden clouds trailing over its bosom, and ships melting
afar off into nothingness, toward the chamber of the eve-
ning sun! Reader, Buffalo is a wonder and a marvel.
Approach it as 1 did, in summer, and on Sunday. To its
various portals, as did the strangers to old Rome,
---' Cast round thine eye, and see
What conflux issuing forth, or entering in ;
On embassies from regions far remote,
In various habits, on the Appian road,
Or on there !Emilian.'
The whole of the Genesee country is but a tame, yet it
is a beautiful, prelude to those splendid pictures in that
magnificent scenery of the West, of which Buffalo forms
the opening view.
"Tell me," said I to my Jehu, what is the population
of this city,' which we are approaching?"
It is nigh to twenty thousand, friend!" ejaculated the
dispenser of impulses to the cattle before him, with an
evident feeling of pleasure that he was showing wonders;
" and what's more, stranger, we shall soon be at the Eagle.
Jest let me ask you, 'Square, did you ever see any thing
like that 'are?"
I turned to the direction of his whip, to the south-west,
where a bay of Erie bent into the woodlands, stretching
for miles,
"What is that ?" I inquired.











85 TTHE NE W-YORKE R


t's 1l:i *' You see tho streets of the outskirts,
*.:. il tile edges of the woods, several miles off;
you see the white buildings among the green trees, where
the samps isn't yet grubbed up ; and where they do say,
that sheep and der- is enclosed in the cellars of1 houses,
built to neaar'y thn second story-and yet they say-and I
be-lieve it- -;at there isn't ii house in all Butlalo, fur and
nigh, ouit-skirts and in-skirts, that hasn't more tenants than
can be disposed of."
I continued to gaze in the direction ihe had pointed ; and
tri!y t'he sight was beyoild the blazon of tongue or pen.
It seemed to my eyo ias if morh than half of the city .,
Buffalo had been but yesterday redeemed from the wilde,
ness. A town of brick, large, stately, and imposing in
itself, was encompassed on all sides by extending tene-
ments of white,sntficientin 0niuber to fborm dozen coiintry
villages; in the middle of the town were .country seats.
surrounded with parks, through which the deer libunded,
as in those early dtays-not long ago-iwhien the shores of
Erie were forests, and the lake was crossed only by the
adventurous canoe of the daring ladian ; when if a young
Pale Face came to tempt them, he was admonished by the
Red Skins to forbear:
Sun of the stranger! wouldst thiou take
t r ue i ih I eilos wav


the wounds she had received, and yet breathed He might, !
therefore, cherish the hope that she would yet be restored to
his wishes.
But he must have satisfaction for this violent outrage, :1, .
inexplicable cruelty. He therefore proceeded to the tent of0
the brothers of his intended bride, and asked them what uo-
tive could urge them to so barbarous an act. The answer
of both brothers was, that they could never consent to their
sister's surviving her dishonor, anid that she ought to wash
away by her blood the crime she had committed in daring to
be alone with her lover and talking with himn before the cele-
bration of her marriage. Tline young man, who had his own
prejudices, and found this explanation satisflctory, then asked
if he could not 'at least be allowed to take away the mortal
remains of his beloved, and give her the rites of sepulture.
She is not iead, then !" cried out one ot the brothers,
who suspected the secret motive of this request ; well, we
will go and give her the finishing wound '"-and they rushed
forward to put their fatal design in execution ; but the young
man, calling his cavaliers to his aid, threatened to strike any n
one down who should dare to oppose him in I,..'l,,i the last
saCred duty towards his betrothed bride.
lie then hastened to her, and with tearful eyes raised her
up,.and, with despair in his heart, he felt with delight the pal- I
i h 1i L I d.


From the Tioga Phenix.
FORGET ME NOT.
FORGET me not when Eve's lone star is beaming,
With transient splendor from the deep Live sky;
Forget me not when thy young heart is dreaming
Of friends so loved by thee in days gone by:
But when the light of lestive glee is-round thee
And thou art glad, though transient it may be,
When a deep spell of rapturous inirtith has bound thee,
I would not thou shouldst ever think of me.
Forget me not when day's last beans have parted
From stream and flower, and tily young heart is lone;
Forget me not when bitter tears have started
From thy warm heart for joys for ever flown:
But When the spell of lightsome joy is o'er thee,
And thou art blest wilh thy loved friends to be,
WhVben the rude world looks witchingly before thee,
I would not thou shouhlst ever think of nme.
Forget me not when by the world forsaken,
You wander forth a thing of scorn and late,
Forget me not whinn grievous words awaken
Thy heart to know 'tis lone and desolate:
Bit when the voice of fame is o'or thee stealing
Should its dull praises ever light on thee,
When thou art blest with every joyous feeling,
I would not thou shouldst ever think on me.


Sno ,.at o orns, wm ii li a not ceasedu to boe:t ; nie bore er 'I Think of ace not when thou art in thy gladness,
To reach the still a shin pay lake, himself to a tent, and had every requisite care and i ,,, ... I would not that one thought should e'er be mine
Letno vainSdreams th heart sbeuile-id ay paid her ; and lie succedtd, though after a long t...... I, ,.1 When thou art freed from the dark spell of sadness
Oh, seek not thou the Fountain Isle! elapsed, in restoring her to life and health. He was bound, And joy's unsullied wreath is wholly thine:
I however, to quit the tribe, who treated him as a criminal, and But when rude Autunin winds the flowers have scattered,
Bright, bright, in many a rocky urn, applauded the barbarity of the brothers. He sheltered him- And thou art out utpon Affliction's sea, .
Thie waters of our deserts lie selfat some distance ; but every night, by favor of the dark- When thy frail baIk by the bleak winds is shattered,
Yet at tceir sonwrce, tie lipe shallburn, ness, and concealed unTer a disguise, he would go to see ells da. arrest days, remcbe mea u. g.
From the blue mountains to the' in, her. He wept over the wounds she had received-hbe ac-
Our thousand floods may roll in vain. t .. caused his own cowardice which had urged .him to fly, and ITALY IN TrHE MIDDLE AGEs.-The republic of Siena was
unceashigly reproached himself with not having died in her divided into two factions--the one headed by the family of
Even there our hunters came of yore, defence. "No, no," cried she, am I not happier in having Tolomoi, the other by the no less powerful Salimbeni.-
Back from their long and weary quest; suffered alone, and that you escaped from peril! We will Their mutual animosity increased to such an extent, and the
And cout l y inotseen thd ourod wills rest? end oar days together, and God will bestow on us his bles- partizans on both sides were so numerous, that the con-
The lightning of their glarice was fled, sing, as a recompense for the misfortunes oi our early love." mercc of the town, as well as the local government, was
They dwelt among us as the dead! Her hopes were fulfilled ; the young maiden completely" temporarily suspended. Finding, at last, that power was
recovered, married him to whom -he had been affianced, ,,, evenly balanced between them, and that they could not avoid
They lay beside vi.. ; '1i t,' it- they were living a few years ago, at the head of a numerous sharing in the disasters attendant on the prolongation of the
With v isions in i' te I l"', family. family dispute, the Salimbeni offered to make a mutual com-
Their joy was not amidst the bills, promise, which was cordially accepted by the Tolomei. The
Where elk and.deer before them fly; IMtPROVEMENT iN ASIA.-To the cours-; of the Orontes number of males of the two respective families was twelve
Their spears ipon thi cedar hunig, new interest is now imparted by the enterprise of Colonel e and the more irly to ratify the alliance, the Saim-
Theirjavelins to the winds were flung. Chesney, who begins hIs oveilland conniiunication with beni invited theirlate antagonislts to a splendid feast at their
They bent no more the forest bow,. India at Sitadeah, where this ancient river falls into the country palace, still bearing the name, in allusion to tie
(.hey armed not ivith the warrior-band, sea. From this first footstep on the lonely shore, covered coventy Pc ing t e name, in allusion to the
The moon waved o'er them, dim and slow- with the ruins of Seleucia, what a career of industry, in- event, of pe Poggio alla reda,' or the Villa of the Lunch-
They left usefor the Spirit Land! telligence, and prosperity may be expected to arise Steam Tolomn wortcp was t se rane to rend the reception of the
P tneath our pines, yon green-sward heap navigation, and rail-roads traverse the silent plains and the yrolAot numby ofe ran. ti ley 1i their native city.-
"hows where the restless found their sleep, famous but.forsakeii rivers : not Cleopatra in her bark of A vest diiner of tce. citizens accompanied them, hailing
~ .,purple and gold on the Cydnllls, excited more surprise "wih joy the public demonstration of an alliance which would
For he,. rest, wherein is narrated the visit of Ollapod to than will follow the first steamboat on ithe Orontes,-the 11ring back prosperity to their impoverished state. On the
the Great Cataract, and to those divera points of interest iherad to the admiring people of a new era in their coin- right hand of each Salimbeni.rode one of their late oppo-
which are to be-found by the way, as the returning tra- dition, in knowledge, in comfort, in tlith! The general tents; and on their arrival at the palace, the former held the
seller jonuneys toward the Allantic seaboard, is it not all diffusion of instruction among a people, from whom it has stirrups, while te T'e.i..... J; I;.1,.. from their horses. They
recorded in the diary, of which the foregoing is but a little ieei so long, and so utterly wihllheld, wiii be the gradual but were conducted to the hall of ceremony, and the sumptuous
part? Of a verity, dear reader, Providence permitting, certain result of the rapid facilities of intercourse with feast conimenced. The-two families were seated alternately
thou shalt hear again, anon, from the man of many wan- England: the great valley of the Orontes, from the vicinity at table ; and it miglt have been remarked that the massive
derings.' OLLAPOD. of Damascus to that of Aleppo, is full of a modern as well silvor-handled knives of the Salimbeni were pointed, while
s ancient interest; there are several large and wealthy those of the Tolornei were rounded and blunt. During the
TuaKISH JEALOUSY.--The women of As:atic Turkey are towns, where manufactures might be introduced, and a repast,thechief of the Salimieni proposed the health of their
beautiful and graceful ; their faces are not disfigured by ridi- regular commercial intercourse established : the cnltivi. ..u ests, which, was pledged standing. In return, the new
colors paintings, nor hidden by a veil, like those of theAra- tion of some districts is excellent, and most are capable ..i ***I I performed the same act of courtesy.; and while the
bian females. In the mean time, the jealousy of the men, it: but the people are a prey to indoleice and apathy : ublic were lifted in the act of quaffing the generous liquor,
and their tenacity concerning the honor- of their women, is they want a new stimulus And thin stiiuits will be tilth each Salimhbei, at "i.'yn signal, buried his knife in the side
perhaps mre violenh-t than that of the other Tirks. A very heni new.sources of trade, ofenjoiyment, of energy, shall ofl hi neighbor. 't ., .11 died. The family, however, was
e, '.r :,uen ,rt examilu., ..i i 11i; ih.I n t .- r .tt', l, h' ,, i. ,,, ,.d n :. ii ,.-n T ,, ,.. .... c. ..... ,,,1. ,,,. .,n I .. ..- ] l t.. '.if ofonte oflhevictim s fortunate-
if it had not been a ,.. I..: 1 ., -, ', .t ..rl,, ... ,,r .. ... ,,,,,,,,.,4 ,i th,, ,. ,i ,i ,i ] ,, i I- ,,h, ,,, I, i, u i .. I i'-r nce, where she gave birth to a son who
fidence, could not p.:.; ..i .-.. .. ..j,,, ', h. ,, l-r-. I ., ... i ,. family domains and honors Tl, ,.
T wo young p ople of i,. i,..: tribe --r'r.. .,,. .1 by -' i,,-g. nvit I.. i. re .. l. .,l.- '!i. i i, .- r i i ,.. ...: lr,, i, ,., at the treachery' ,i' l,, I.- i ,.. ... ..
of the tender .t ,1. ,.. .:.. ... 1 ... 1. ,.., .:. u h ... ],, --: ,,. t ,r- .1,,, \ ,-..'. ,^ ,-,|.. .- , r ], ,] l !,,,be i, w ho found I,, : ,i .. r.,d 'b
those of m marriage .. I i in .. . .... ,J,,- h. .t o! .r ... h .1.,,,-. ., 1., .L :,, .r :. I,. partisans. .l e. ', ..,:. ,,.',h |, l, | ,, ,
nations; all t en .... . ., -ru ...,u ...I tl.: .. n,, I.,,-,, i,. ,,i ,l,.v. ., .toh .r "r ,I'. i ,,l, l i r..| ,. .. .,,lisca icd, and from that day their nam e has
families had givci ,.. .... I -... 1 -Ii.h u,,. n ,11 ,, tt-c l,.- :,h 1n,:, n,'1 tn.-t1,- .. 71 ,,t i i, ,i,] L idon Reviiew.
the tim e w h en th : ,,, 1 ... ,..,,.. I,..,,l I Ie -1,'l ... I ,|, h s IL ,,,,,|' u, i ,: ..,[ .- ., -., .. ,. .
One evening t'' ', i: .. ,, ,. -,, .. tt.. -,, ,'.*.,,1, ., 'I ... n, ,:,i, ti,- ili, t ;,1, ,, i',,; -., ,o? 'i' i .. 1, A '.-- A few days since Iwas much aina
within sight o, adl the tents t t of their trilee. I' !,.- stopped 11, .., lr. ,.: .. 1... ,; .'. ,' ,,.i' j l ,1, h r -'! h ,, ':-..,,. 'll ,i,. corners of the streets, advertise-
instant tiochat together, and, as they wereabout to .. It ,. .i l.. it.. t ti' i i .,"j h l ., ...i '"I,. .. i 'i a notice oif a "ch rch for sale or tn lo."
the brothers of the young woman, perceiving ,il -,' .M [!. ..., 1. n, I. i.. u,,,.iti .,.-,-, t. mJ'r iu.iit., -. I in h i-.' '- .'... .r i,. i. t reminded me of it joke connected
hastened forward, armed, to avenge what they 1.... 'i.: ... li >, ill'i '.... ;i i. ii i i -n 'ho it, ,.]e' 1 i '. li t, h !l S- .- .I iBurlingtoin, who was noted for keep-
as a dishonor. The lover fled, but in escaping .,.m ..i .. ,...ii ,i ..- ,n ,,n:-- ll.- -'lht.n -,.,, 5, '- .: .... .. ...,, .. I e..ar- teit -ver of-
a deep wound from a musket-bali. As for the p...: .... I. i: i n I.. i-n .:r .-. i'',, ii. l : 1 1_ "in -,d,.- .i.' .'' .- ~ .' ,' 1 ,,. l id thathe would
w as wounded by five balls ; aid he'r.own brothelu u., ... c ,.,'i l. .,,ih i,' h.n,' ', .1ii, t fl, t I 'I i,1-f l i *e ... -in -'I l''itj I.. nj.... I l,,'i .t u .-,-'..,- li 1 '..,1 ..
Y I, 1 h, J- ,, 1 ,
filed with this first act of barbarity, fell ons her aid gave ".., il. ,1 ,,. '- H .., ii ih a, i r I..r '.,,',u i, : 'It l 'i -b I ,-t t .l i .I .. I.W. j in), .. ti-.
several stabs w ith a puo ia id ; pon w hich she sink doi ., .i 1 n,i,, ..n ,, n ,h-- .:.' .o '.*. h n" ar.- i I t, l -'l. i T i*h i i ,
overpowered by such violent aind cruel attacks, and her body .. l ... ... : i"-- it .I I i.., hi, .' vou on hand a
was left on the around to become the prey ofl dogs. 1., .. .. ,., ,..... "'., .. .. i. r, [, t i
The wounded young man reached the tent of one high in in i,...u m .\ -,.. i. i m i ,: 11.....' .. I., u .. i i. ,, "t "' l' r' I ''1 ^ iy ipkeeper, with-
power, the chief of a neighboring tribe, who was. encamped i. l. u.i. I-..-., ,.I, eni ,, ii- 0.-, ..,. ,,,.-,t I f there be' ing anythingucommon in
in the vicinity. This man was his friend. He informed him I 1,-...' I, ll t .,n 1. ,.i i.tI'.,i pi,'; ,,,.l ..,i" ,,f 'A,. N.l.-- '' i,' sir, I bought oinH yesterday from the
of the unhappy event which had just taken place, and entreant- i ti .- i rIu lr 0 h n.- .- P., 1-., 1,Mu '.. ..,.. ? ,s I,, ,, etho ist church, who are fixing up the
ed him to furnish him -with the assistance of a few horse en, ii 1-.i 0-.i u, t.be l;,r i-i-re th-. c LuL..- ai l1.:l2 .1. lilt o t b. ii h,,, m eeting-hon se. -
.thait they might at least enable him to rescue the remains of An [rtsh l..-.d.r. heia 3' ',iush i .at,:rni i the aal ,,.,- -, .i '.i* ,e o trade had beto the barn, where thi mot
his beloved from the infamy to which they were exposed.- o01 thIe nel), .qui:klty rc.pl,'l, -''li.lck is a. a, cp- aughed-.te loser bide had beenip added paid the wa inner
He arrived at the spot, accompanied by several men ; and, tain ? faith, thi thicker the better, for I ani n a a bit of a Jemrny' character became more firmly estabhe hed hie
.oh, unlooked-for happiness! she had not quite sunk under matikman." w srter more e b e before.









LITERATURE. 389
FT'ro the Knickerbocker, for Sepktmber. innovators, I brought reproach upon myself, even from my' pioneers of the forest do, is calculated to cure any man-
A FT E A ROTR ACTIED CAL E AT SEA. horse, who Was very unwilling to try any new projects. By who sees, and for a while partakes in it-of all repinings as
Sv THE AUTHOR OF THE VEMASSEE, L UY ARIVES ETC. dint of spurring, however, he took the leap-for the bank to the conveniences of life. I was out one night in a boat,
Swas perpendicular there-and the stream being very narrow, with a white man and negro, when a north-e' 'ter came on,
ToU.hast beei .slow to hbess us, gentle breeze hle stood still and looked at mae, as much as to say, Yoti making it very chilly, after a hot day. No. having bcen
Where hast thou been a lingered, welcome friend e would try a new place-and here we are, swamped; for how ashore at this place before, although it has a name in the
Where, when the midnight gathered to her brow am 1 to climb the steep bank opposite l' 1 turned my eye maps of the country, I thought we might at loist find lodg-
Her pale and crescent minister wert thou instinctively for a rail or two to help him out, for his head ings secure trom the cold rain and wind ; so in shore we
Oif what far, sullen, solitary seas, and my body only were visible above water ; but there was went, about eleven o'clock. A path from the water.showed
Piping the mariner's requiem, didst thou tend nothing like a rail or a rope within twenty miles. I had ino the way to a house. All was dark-but I kno-ked without
tlhe home-returning barque- idea the water was so deep, and it really seemed a desperate hesitation, and demanded admittance, according to the cus-
Curling the white loam o'er ler lifted l erour, caso; but as [ never had been stopped, I concluded, with tom of this hospitable country. There was no i ply for some
te, the roll aves arod r wer dark young apid, tat it was best to 'keep moving,' and so I [ time. 1 gave a louder summons ; when at length a female
Gently, and with a breath drove a pair of cruel spurs full into his flanks on both sides voice called out, in an agony of terror, Who's there ?'-
Of spicy odor from Sablean values, at once. lie sprang as if he had been shot, and clambered I told her the state of the case, in a kind tone, and that there
Where subtle life defies and conquers death, I up the side of the creek, as if he depended more on nails in was no necessity to be alarmed. But the only reply I could
Fill'dst thou her yellow sails! I toes than his hoofs, and thus he broke down the bank obtain was, For God's sake, go away !' Well, I will go,'
Or, like some pleasant bird, uiificiently to enable him to rise-and out we came, drip- I replied, but where shall I cio to Is there any other
With glittering plumage and light-loving eye, ping. But when out, it was no easy task to make head-way; .... about here l. Yes,' she answered, there is Tom,
While the long punt lay uloft itustirred, the palmettos were so crossed that it required all the animal's I..: ngro's.' .Taking pity on her terror-for she was a lone
Camet tond with tngs of e and to chestrength to force himself through. So much for leaving the woman' at the time, her brother being away-we went to
Thet thirsting mariner. l good old way. look lor Tomr's house, and at length found a hut, surrounded
1I." To do justice, however, to new paths : I knew of a more by a ditch to carry off the water; and inside we discovered a
How, when the ocean slept, complete plunge having been taken by one who was a guide negro of about forty-five, with one blanket-and, some fence-
Making no sign- to Gen. Jackson when he was in that territory.. The trail, posts for a bed' and those were laid before the fire, which had
And her dumo waters, of all speech bereft, in his case, led through a pond which he had forded in times burned down. 'Th:e fire-place and chimney were o" wood-
Lay neathh the sut.-girt line- of yore ; but, as he said, the bottoms have a mighty chance the sides of the hInt of round pine poles, between which a
ler drapery of storm-c lods lifted high of quicksand, and sometimes they have holes, where it was crow might fly, almost without touching-but the oof was
While a faith ,oaning o'eig r boom rep good crossing in times past.' But allow me to relate'his mis- tight, and the back part of the hut had a floor, of sp it clap-
As the deep breathing of Eternity, hap in the order I hoard it:- boards. This, with the deserted nympih's, was the only
Above the grave of the unburied Time, Mr. W-- ," said I, how is it that you arrived at the house in the town-and these had jusl been built. On the
Claiming its climiie- end of your stage at the time you did l You must have floor of this hut, the white man and myself laid down to
How did the weary tar, camped out' every night, or made some very short or very sleep ; and inr the morning, without dreaming, I could truly
His form reclined along the burning deck, long days' journeys !" say, Oh, I have passed a miserable night.' The negro I had
Srea.-lh li- hl.i. eye afir, Oh, no," said he, I stopped only a few 'hours yester- wi th me preferred to pl-'ck sonime palmetto leaves to cover
To -Ad ii, .. '., d dfelursoive i steelk; ay, to dry iy clothes sand papers." him from the rain, aUd build a fire on the leeward side of a
I'.,r .1 oo;, .'. 'r the deep! Why, there has been no rain within a day or two: how large log. Thus, by lying between the fire and the log, he
S came your clothes and papers wet'l" contrived to slqiep very comfortably. We might have done
Born in thle solemn night, The channel had shifted." inch better on board of the boat, but the sun, had'warped
When the deep skies were bright, What channel 1" the part which had been decked over, so that the rain came
With all their thousand watchers on tlie sight- Oh, I came on the southernmost trail." through.
Thine was the music through the lirnimainet Well, did you lose your way 1" In the morning, we could not go away without partaking
By the fond Nature sent, No, I knew the way ; but the bottom was uncertain, of the hospitality of our timid hostess. We had rve coffee
'To huidte to lowly estl 'ii and so I discounted, and tied my clothes and papers on my and hominy for breakfast.. My companion looked with sig-
The glorious glance, the holy wing of Light! head, and led my horse, as 1 thought he might stuinble and nificanit eves at a large musket in the corner, as much as to
Musi g oai e plunge me head-foremost before I could know it. .But I say, Had we attempted to rob this house, we should have
Music to us no less, stepped oifa bar myself, and went down over my head, and got the contents of that gun.' Replying to his wit in his
Thou coei'st in our distress- this compelled me to stop and build a lire : u. I i.,, my tin- own way, I cautioned him not to attempt to impress a chaste
To cheer our pathway. -It is clear, through thee, der-box was water-tight." salute on her fair cheek at parting, or she would soon prove
O'er the broad wastes of sea. This seemed to be such a matter of course to a travell- ',, ill allt essay a blunder-buss. lint he was a modest
How soothing to t'lo heart that glides alone, tice hii, that, unless I had thus c'uss-questioned him, 1... I-. i. I. as well as mvyseelf,and so we took our leave,' much
Unwatched and unremeinbered, oil the wave, would probably never have said a word of the accident ; at .1 ,-I.. for our kind entertainment. Our negro cook, how-
Should he there perish, to thy deeper moan yet he had never been disgusted vith the life of an India:. .1 l.I.l to call iuinnediately on our well-stored provision-
What lip shall add one tone' lie had married a Sominole woman, and had a large family 1| box, and never did the dillerence in my :. .i on;: so convince
vL of children. He was a man of strong mental powers, and his me of the difference between the various modes of Fr.-i-'.
I bless thee, gentle breeze! life seems to prove the truth of Shakispe:are's observation, adopted by man. Although-not solicitous about '
Sweet lniifister to many a fond desire, that 'Nothing's either good or bad, but thinking makes it so.' aI t cut, or what I shall drink, or wherewithal I shall be
Thou bear'st me to my sire, T'hinking Florida too small for him, he has removed to Red eclotted,' when there is a good cook in .he kitchen, a good.
Thou, and these rolling seas! River. market, a dry house, and comfortable clothing at co;-,nna:td ;
What-oh,o th oidf tisgrat element Anmong the disagreeablesof land travelling in ihe territory, yet, wh en all these arc absent, the contrast tries one's piety
Obedient to our Etrong aud fervent hope ? is the necessity you are sonmelimes under of walking long dis- severely.
But that its pinion nii our ptlth is bent, tances, through sand and mud alternately, when your horse Ou another occasion,I stopped at ahoutse where i found
We haud been doomined, '-.... Ide.ire t, grope, give.s- o.t, as most horses are apt to do in summer. Another tlhe Ihlr i" a m'st. d'elirios with a high bilious fever; thea
Where plummet's cast .., and hIumain art, is, thie poor fare one miels with in some of the log-houses,- mother us yiluow as -ild, and afflicted with a -tging tooth-
Lacking all chart. .w. e.S. What is very good to some, is very lean living to others, ache;-while at the same time a wvaiing infant, p'ny and
I cannot eat corn bread, as it is usually made ; and i .., '., hng i iier br as.t-a daughter of about thirteen,
From te Knickerhockur for Septcmbrr. t was no wheat or rye to be seen in the interior. I -.I1 i *' with the aatgi, aiud rediued to a sk.eleton-a--d S.
FA MILIAR- SKETCH ES OF LIFE, IN F N LOID.A like to seeci superior to friends who were all extremely los- oiu near foiur veai '- of age, in spiaims,, with eyes fixed,
.. v 'YoassN.' pitable, or .1 should have drawn upon my knapsack for 1 anid hands cleched, and moaning piteously. His extremi-
TRAVELLIGN alone onur day through the pine barrens, near my sustenance. It truth, I have found ii ithe greatest trial -. -..'. ,,,.I h;- ,, i.. was obliged to hush her
the centre of the upper pattof the peninsula, I was .-uddenly b have met with, to refuse to eat and drink. ..1, l ..... land. .- -. i. t s he stitched a shroudtor
surprised by the sight of a house. W I .. I r ..,,,, l. ....,, I ,, _1 .hi. ... ..... ,,.. d jo Here was inis-
er that I have journeyed twenty hours., .- ,. ,.. ,,. i ,- ,, .. ,r mu .1 ., ..,..t.. w'- u' '. .' Ii.thin -I'' ,., -- miile, .nd
w without seeing any signs of the h a '. .1 ... .. ,_. ,,," .. .. r,,., ,r... .t, 'i '. ". i
w olf-trap, m ade like a sminall '. .. n ,, -, ,: ., ,| ', i ,,.h-l,, t,... ., ,, 1, h . *. .' dictated, i I. .. .' I .. a.
w ill not seem inappropriate. ..,I- r .-. r .. -, I ,: ,1 ,,,., ,', n "' ',,r '-', : ... .. l '. r .:, o 'their cons itul -
of a dwelling, I asked a half-grownm i .. .. t .- ," ,.,n ,,- .,,,,J .... I i .,, ,- i:,,: ',- -it ai n .,,.. i r -' .. ui at ev ei at .his
and how I was to find the right tra' ,. ,N l.',,, I .I ,,.- l i,, ,J [ .,, ,e iiOli t t.e l ,I ... ., ,I,.' -.- -.i 'u rm o, and increased
alike equally 'bias ed.' (' Blazed' in, ... ,,.,.-, ... .. ,...h '. .. p. I 1.,-r.,, t-cni ,, I u,- ru m" ..u ..t ....lt-h.- onlyhorse, w er
r. ,, uV 0. -I,' u uut ,'enlimr.ilerdefbts.ui
off a flat chip from the bark of pit ,,I, 1. ,,,., ,l,,,.' ,, ,, ,,, .,, ,i .. ,, ,,,,- .. :.., .... or debal, a -d
vals, so as to leave a plain spot. ..-. l.. l, .. iii I' ,. i'.r lt .u u,, l.. .- eans of cuil-
head from the ground. These blaz .,. I. ...... ,. h .,-. ,' .. u.,. i. .,.. J I i T. L'altL manitted. -
and mile-stones of the wild wood's.) I,, ,,.. .. .I'. u, I, r I ,.,u.'. W, h ho t ai :hus afi l ter- d, and 'is
t.on, the- n o vu bru imiforml'ed me t uu.. ,l! rl. .ii'. I, ....ci,-.-. 'i, .,,I -' ,fr., .1 ,,uuI.,,u..u.u t. fior, ti he snm ac s erv ices we we a,
Show, thed neerro y ... 1..ed me r i .. '.,u a. I, t. '.... 1.. Onn individild gave him his hor-e
showed h ,, t i.- .. ,. I led su nm wl-,,. I,, u,. ,. ,, m h t u.. t l' u. l, h ..,'f l,'- ih' l. It',, ,Ir er ," ....i. i, u, u i i, I I i u .i -mUsa sueepiig litlhur t.:ndu of i-'1orida, aviso'so
',iUm atfor, an idea of the nature ul I, t ..,l s, i,.j tlu' | ,ii'lt Ih ,; J I r ,..-,,. .. "r,- ii,,u in-; t,'..0 .. I,,,, : .. ,-u ,- 'i e t p*itt i n o r wi t
convenience of the traveller is c... er .- Bt i t ,, ., "* uit phi .lo hers t fthe- age, took a ll thi
ply, it night be inferred that' u.. ...1,,, ..,. n .. -1 i tm -,,-t ,. .- -i '., m ..- 1 ... ....., i.- litho in. th ill hi 's tue a send endi tiles iand
where.- a h.,nd that is half' true-- .,, ,..'ru i u., u,. ,iu l, 'Ii ,,-I ,.,Iu. -u ..,. i u' ,,t" A -'l iF 'u,. ',, u -. u'u..-JU, "u I ... m ul tcuume, imp ,assible io procure a .regniar
wish to be. The marks, then, a, e a ,t., v. r- ,. ,., ,. ,,, ,:. -i,- -. -, ,,, t ide. acy i n c:m be hurt by mention-
are ure, in following thicm in!t.u the 'n. ..-r ", .uun 'i ., ..u j. r Il ,. s u, i,,,,.. ,, ,1. ,.. i n, t i,, , a .u L.is the scholar,
that yo't have a fair chance ofl emcu ..._ .,o h., Ih ,u., -,, ,, ,, ,h,, .l, ,I ,, t,,.,, ,., ... i" .... ', ,,, ... uemi,,, the e. imia ,. and philanthropist.
sum.ll consolation to a traveller. 1, ,- jt, t ,.h i. ..... J .. ,, n, i .t ., ,I u i ,i auulk,:s of thi- i .Joh's River, discouraged
O ne dayi disregarding this linit, I uI .:. i,.l I, l., ,. .. Ii. ],, ur..,, .u,,,|,u., 1. *1 ..,, ,u .. i I .t ,, i ,. t .... ad iliei s uf m n, aind unly asking to be at-
above w hat was written,' anid w ent J ,- l,,,. ,-.I tr. ..,u' .,:t ... 'i.. ..1.... ... 1,, .. .. ... u .... I ...... .. ,i, .1 ,. ,. pns tophistirated indian voti th. I couid net,
stream to.find a crossing-place that n ,..t i i Iu uiu, i,, ,u i |. i,, _, ,|i ...t ,, |. ,;,,.. i. , .. ., ti t.he comseint o tt' chief to allow any to,
the' old trackl, which possibly had- be. Iu u. ., .- ,. ..1 r ,, .i ,, ,', .: .r., l, ...:,,, l .. 1 ..11,, h ,1 a,, 11.. I h lie wroto to' m e frequently o the subject,
inencemicnt of the Chinese records el c ...ip... L.ua, hil,: ,11 I I 'l. im c l l, i t-g u u- ..oc l -.I lu 'n.., : tI .:ai r .[ .nd I id I11 I could to plermsade them. The boys would
bu.' hm' Cii' hhi- r- m tis-at-~iu uhu i-. t 'im. umu~5 td I tmt thI otlt t tcrtidethom~. Th byswo l











399 THE NEW-YORKER.


have gone willingly, but more than their consent was
wanting. The chiefs did not wish to have their minds
vitiated by the teaching of any white man with whom
they were unacquainted. Whatever 1 had to say to
them in favor of the arts, sciences, or literature, they
heard with interest and pleasure, and often amused me
very much.
Wishing, on one occasion, to give them an idea of wri-
ting, I took a piece of chalk and wrote in large Roman
characters the name of one of their chiefs, and then spelled
it to them, so that they could perceive the signs of sounds
in-the letters, and how to combine them. They took all
the interest that intelligent minds might be supposed to
feel in the subject, and did not show the least mark of
stupidity-which some think is evinced in their steady
refusal to admit schoolmasters among them. I showed
them maps, also. and tuade them acquainted with simple
facts in astronomy, all of which subjects excited their inte-
rest greatly. I then asked if any were willing to go with
me in a 'pickla chokoo'-a large vessel-to my home over
the sea; a number expressed themselves anxious to go
immediately. Their wonder at the facts I related, was
very amusing. Having taken care to speak the truth to
them always, when I looked serious, they never doubted
my word: but in jest, and laughingly, 1 would say any
thing that might make sport. Their English language was
very poor on such occasions, and they showed themselves
real disciples of Mrs. Opie, who, I believe, makes out a
false curl, to be- a practical falsehood. For instance, I
showed them .a print of two views of a Parisian fashion,
which happened to be among my books, and told them
they were my two wives, smiling, however, at the time.
They took the print and went to inquire of a yontg mani
with me, if I were married, and lie told them no- They
then came back to me, and in the most polite manner
imaginable, touching me on the shoulder two or tlthre
times, with a, very patronizing air, and in a kind of half-
whispering voice, said,'" Lie too much, lie too much ;"
Ole waak,' (very bad.) At another time, I had the same
reply for showing them some very bright pewter bullets,
and telling them I shot money-bullets. They showed me
knives, with pewter around the handles, and scratched
them, to convince me they knew the difference between
silver and pewter, and they replied in the same manner.
But i took good care not to deceive them, seriously, atany
time, or leave them in error on any point.
The horror one of them exhibited in his countenance,
when I explained to him the meaning of an English oath
-for this is the first English they learn, as being the white
man's mark of authority-was excessive. In half English
and half Indian he cursed his soul to eternity, if he would
not do something or other. Charley," said I, taking his
hand, do you know what is meant, when you speak as
you did just now?" He said no. I told him it was beg-
ging the Great Spirit to take him after he died, and cast
him into a burning pond, to lie there for ever and ever. I
observed his countenance exhibited every mark of terror
and horror, and he continued to utter exclamation after
exclamation, as though he felt the fill force of a terrible
thought. It was good for him, for if the words have mean-
ing, they are bad; and'if not, they are still bad, and very
-'u .ii. ia in a wild man. They show the first mark
.1. .-.IQ: u-:.it Of themselves, they have no such oaths.
It' takes a white man' to 'deal damnation round the land,'
from his camp, his deck, or his tabernacle.'
But speaking of the Indian's idea of writing : I intend-
ed to show what a strange notion they at first had on the
subject. After writing their chief's name, they counted
the letters in it, and then asked tie to write their names,
which were counted in like manner, and as the chief
seemed to have a pretty long name, they were piond in
proportion to the number of letters each could boast of.
Some letters, or one in particular, they never could enun-
elate. R they called L. At this I would sometimes laugh.
To be even with me, they then gave the war-whoop, and
asked me to sound that. The argument was cogent and
irresistible! Their numbers, in rotation, are divided deci-
mally, and the terms by which they express any number
of tens are formed as ours are, but with the Arabic figures
they are unacquainted, and their numbers are set down
simply by simple marks for units ; I itmlaning one, and ini
ou-r, and so on until ten is arrived at, and this is expressed
by x. They then set down x-es ifn like manner, until they
make a hundred and more, and they can thus keep ac-
counts of some thousands. One rogue of a petty chief.
wishing to appear great to his people, and not knowing
now to calculate a rather difficult little problem in the rulet
of three, a white acquaintance was secretly asked wh;it it
would amount to. He was told-and to work lie went,
and filled a piece of bark with marks, seeming the while
to be deeply engaged in a profound problem. After a
little, out he came withll the answer It was pronounced
correct, to the great gratification of his clan, who said
very plainly, by their actions and looks, to the white Ini n
who told the chief: "It is of no use for your race to try
to cheat ours, for you see we have men who call calculate,
as well as you."
It general, the chiefs are truly faithful and affectionate
to their followers, and careful that they do not fall into
trouble, I have seen Co-e-ha-jo, in particular, with his


heart almost bursting, as he viewed the poor remnant of
his tribe. He seemed to regard them as children, and they
felt for him as if he were their affectionate father. They
were sent out at a particular time to bring in all stragglers,
by order of the Indian agent; they felt this an indignity,
and- were with difficulty restrained from committing seri-
ous violence upon any white man they imagined accessary.
This they thought to be the case with a young man who
was with me ; and one loaded his rifle to shoot him. But
Co-e-ha-jo, overhearing what was going on, went'to the
Indian and wrested his rifle out of his hand, and told the
person who had excited their anger, to make himself invi-
sible as soon as possible. He followed the advice with no
small or mincing steps, and without saying a word to tme,
although I did not remark the meaning of the debate, or
particularly notice any thing but his abrupt departure. I
had no idea of danger, excepting from their random shots,
as they were firing at various marks. I believe my faith
often saved me. To the bad ones who wandered between
the whites and reds, I showed how I could shoot a rifle
with the best of them; and when they attempted to work
upon my fears, I only defied them. But there were very
few indeed from whom any thing evil was to be appre-
hended. I was asked one day, by a bordermai, what I
would do were I-to be attacked by him I told him per-
haps I would give him a rifle, perhaps buck-shot. Sup-
pose I give you my knife-what then ?" said he. "Why,"
said I, I should just spring aside, and then give you my
pistol." He thus found it would have been just as likely
for him to be hurt as myself; and to convince him fully,
I raised my rifle, and shot off the head of a small bird that
happened to alight some thirty or forty yards from the
place where we were holding our friendly chat. He then
looked as black as a negro, while another more honorable
fellow near by, observed. "Very good powder!" (for it
threw the ball up a little above the body of the bird,)
"very good rifle! very good shot!" He had no evil
thoughts, and was not too jealous to praise.
in firing at a mark with them, it was very amusing to
see the interest they took, although they were ver) cool,
and generally skilful; but their rifles were as old as I ever
saw, and not as good as those now made. The chiefs
had good pieces and shot with great precision ; but the
common men had nuot generally mtiuch to boast over me,
and when they happened to beat tme, they would clasp
one arm around my waist, and march up from the mark,
shouting with unafl'fected delight, saying, I must make them
a capital present for being beaten, although I had made
no wager with them. But it requires no great excuse for
an Indian to demand a present olyou. They appeIr to lack
delicacy on this point. Whether they give as freely as
they desire to receive, I know not :biut they appeared to
be very hospitable, in offering food and honey to their
friends W.henl they met.
The abhorrence of the Indian in regard to labor, does
not seem to arise so much from indolence as pride. One-
was employed on the place where I resided for some lime,
and he earned enough to buy a handsome rifle, which,
when he had secured, he could not but show, with a de-
gree of pride,. to his friends. But one of them replied he
had obtained it by becoming a negro to a white mania' "
This was too much; he thought a moment, and then l de-
liberately shot down his enemy, and fled. But the mark
of Cain was then on him. He doubled and turned in the'
swamp, and for a time escaped. He travelled night and
Jay to a white man's house, with the owner of which he
exchanged his rifle for a shot gun, and bought buck-shot,
as being a more c.-r?.i- defence for one against several
opponents. but o i; mian was ever more miserable than
this guilty murderer. He knew the law, and that he must
certainly die, if ever he returned to his tribe. In every
rustling leaf he looked for his executioner; and truly lhe
died a thousand deaths it fearing one. He becamnc ner-
vous, and his eyes glaring and restless: he left the terri-
tory, and wandered north among white men ; but no rest
could he find. Aflerbeing this' an exile fora year or two.
he cattle back, delivered himself up, and was executed.
So it always happens. .No bribe can expiate blood. They)
may take the money ; but th, murderer dies notwithstand-
ing, and it is folly for any man to remain in the territory,.
after having, by any accident, been the cause of an I ndian's
death; I knew am Spaniard, who. by an unilucky blow,
cut an artery in an Indian's forehead. He-it once saddled
his horse, and waited it' see if he would bleed to death.
The ndian, finding thle bandages would inot stop the blood
from flowing, tore them) off 111 a rage, and glared upon his
enemy, as muhi as to s::y. I will die, and yuet also shall
die." B t after iin astonishing flow oi blood, he lay down,
and by som-e means or other it stopped : lie recovered,
and the Spaniard remains secure until now-if not lately
killed, which is altoge:hor likely-for many blows have
they patiently received from tie Iands of white men.
without uttering a wuvrd, or exhibiting a mark of pain.
It is wonderful how, ithll their liigh, proud natures, they
have borne the itihgities that have been heaped on thin
so long. But they hase not forgotten any thing. They
are fighting the, battles now, which they told me several
years ago they intended to fight. They said they would
"have a little bit of a fight with the white men sometime,"
and I only wonder they have forborne so long.


THE FLOWERS OF THE FOUNTAIN.
IT was a blest retreat where I did find
This modest gem;
The forest trees above were intertwined,
And under them,
Front an old ruined fountain gurgled out
A small clear stream that circled them about;-
And rippling gently onwards through the wood,
Leaped into light
Beyond the last old gnarled oak, that stood
Beside the bright
And sparkling rivulet, like hoary age;
Smiling at the pursuits that youth engage.
S S *
And there they bud, and bloom, and close, and die,
In solitude.
Their lives are brief, but calih. Alas! that I,
Not grief-subdued,
But innocently gay as these small flowers,
In like retreat might pass my future hours!

LANGUAGE.-Dr. Wallis, who wrote upon English gram-
mar in the reign of Charles II. represented it as a peculiar
excellence of our tongue, that, beyond all others, it ex-
pressed the nature of the objects which it names, by em-
ploying sounds sharper, softer, weaker, stronger, more
obscure, or more stridulous, according as the idea which
is to be suggested requires. He gives various examples.
Thus, words formed upon st always denote firmness and
strength, analogous to the Latin sto; as, stand, stay, staff,
stop, stout, steady, stake, stamp, stately, and so forth.
Words beginning with sir, intimate violent force and en-
ergy, analogous to the Greek stronnuimi; as, strive,
strength, strike, stripe, stress, struggle, stride, stretch,
strip, &c. Thr implies forcible motion; as, throw, throb,
thrust, through, thraldom. Wr, obliquity or distortion;
as, wry, wrest, wreath, wrestle, wring, wrong; wrangle,
wrath, wrack, &c. lSw, silent agitation, or lateral motion ;
as, sway, swing, swerve, sweep, swim. Sl, a gentle fall
or less observable emotion ; as, slide, slid, sly, slit, slow,
slack, sling. Sp, dissipation or expansion; as, spread.
sprout, sprinkle, split, spill, spring. Terminations in ash
indicate something acting ni'mbly and sharply; as, crash,
gash, rash, flash, lash, slash. Terminations in ush, some-
thing acting more obtusely and dully ; as, crush, brush,
hush, gush, blush. The learned author produces a great
many more examples of the same kind, which seem to
leave no doubt that the analogies of sound have had some
influence on the formation of words. At the same time,
in all speculations of this kind, there is so much room for
fancy to operate, that they ought to be adopted with unich
caution in forming any general theory.

CHARtacrTEss'ric ANECDOTE.-"While our squadron lay in
the Scheldt., in 17T3, co-operating with the army and protect-
ing the transports, a curious incident occurred, highly char-
acteristic of the manners and customs of the British navy.-
Capt. Savage of the Albion, of 64 guns, lying at anchor be-
fore Flushing, in co'ipany with the Dutch squadron under
the command of Rear-Admniral Van Sprangler, a friendly in-
tercourse was kept u1p between them. Capt. Savage was
dining with the Dutch Admiral one day, when the latter re-
ceived a message which occasioned some agitation. The
Ad iral went on dock, and, returning soon after to his scat,
informed Capt. Savage that he had caused two of the crew
to be taken out of his (Capt. S.'s) barge, and to be put in
irons, as they were found to be Dutch subjects. Capt. Sav-
age quietly observed, without interrupting his dinner, You
had better put them back again into the boat, Admiral."-
Why," asked the Admiiral in some warmth, had I better
do so !"'-" Because," rejoined the British veteran, if you
do not, I shall order my First Lieutenant (and he seldom dis-
obeys my orders) to bring the Albion alongside the Utrecht,
and (raising his voice just so much as to harmonize with the
subject) d-n me, if I dor,'t walk your quarter-deck till he
sinks you !"-It is scarcely necessary to. add, the men were
immediately returned to their boat. Biction's Naval History.
ORA.TOR HENLEY.-I never saw Orator Henley more than
once, (said one who knew a little about him.) and that was
at the Grecian Coffee-Hoiue, where a gentleman with whom
he was acquainted coming in and seating himself in the same
box, the following dialogue passed between them:
Henlcy-Pray what has become of our old Dick Smith !
I have not seen him for many years I
Gcntlcman--I really do not know ; ilie last I heard of him
he was at Ceylon, or some of our settlements in the West
Indies.
Hrn.-(with surprise)-Ai Ceylon, or sonie of our settle
mints in the West Indies My good sir, you have made two
mistakes in one sentence. Ct:ylon is not one of our settle-
inetils-it belongs to the Dutch ; and it is situated, not in
the West but in the iast In.lis.
Gcut.-(witbh some heat) -That deny.
-en -v.-Morc shame for you I will engage to bring a boy
of eight years old who will confute you.
Gcnt.-(in a cooler tone of voice)-Well, be it where it
will, I thank God I know very little about these sort ofthings.
Hen.-What! you thank God for your ignorance, doyou ?
Gent.-(in a violent rage)-I do, sir: what then 1
Hen.-Then, sir, you have a great deal to be thankful for!








SELECTED LITERATURE. 391


BISHOP WHI TE.
From the watch-tower of Zion a soldier is gone,
Whose shield in the sunbeanms of righteousness.shone;
Whose mild, warning voice among multitudes fell-
Whio loved of the glories of Heaven to tell.
He has gone to enjoy thent!-where age is unknown,
Where Sin has no dwelling, and fain has no throne;
Rewarded with recompense rich, lie is blest,
In the land of delight-in a mansion of rest.
He has fought the good fight-he has finished the faith-
He lihas burst from lthe thraldom of sorrow and death;
From sickness, from weeping, from fiineral hours,
He hath soared to thlie region of siutshine and flowers;
And his eyes unbeclouded are gazing abroad
On the river of life, and the city of God;
On scenes which no pencil or pen cani portray-
Where the splendors of Heaven unceasingly play.
Shall we mourn for the Chieftain who feared not the tomb,
That his spirit is blest with the absence of gloom f
That he totters no more on the verge of the grave-
That lie leans upon One who is mighty to save ?
WVhose smile cheered the pathtviway he treimblingly trod,
To the beautiful gates oftthe palace of God-
Whose armn wias his stay, as triumphant he rose,
To rejoice in the realms of eternal repose.
Alh, no! could we see the bright waters that shine,
'Neath the fair tree of life with its fruitage divine;
Could we hear lthe sweet anthems that gladden the air,
And tell that the Ransomied are glorified there,
We should sorrow no more but for those that remain,
Wlose garments are washed in the blood of the slain,
We should hail the loved promise of God, in his word-
Thrice blest are the dying, who die in the Lord!
Religious Souvenir. ." W. G. C.
PORTRAITS OF NOTORtIOUS CHARACTERS.
THE BOtRowERt.
THE Borrower, with admirable consistency of character,
borrows his motto from Shakspeare-' Base is the slave
who pays!' He understands the meaning of the verb-' to
give,' as in the case of a political subscription or a chari-
table donation, of which lists are published in the papers.
Generous people give-poor-spirited people pay. He
looks upon himself as a professor of the most ancient
and noble art extant-the art of borrowing. He is proud
to call himself an Englishman, because the said art has
here beeii cultivated beyond any other. In modern times,
more especially, it has been brought almost to perfection;
and has been so closely studied and so fondly cherished by
statesmen and economists, that it may justly lay claim to
be distinguished as the great National Art. Mr. Pitt is, of
course, his beau-ideal of a minister; and he holds Britan-
nia to be the envy of surrounding nations by virtue olf
her having been able to get her acceptance discounted to.
the extent of eight hundred millions. He thinks it the
duty of every subject living under such a State to follow
the State's example ; and as he preaches, so he practices.
By the art of borrowing, he of course means borrowing
money. All other loans he despises except ini cases of ex-
tremity,-as misapplications of great powers, and as tend-
ing to bring a great principle into a familiarity which
breeds contempt. To be sure, the man who borrows
ready made articles is no fool, but Ihe is a small dealer, and
generally disgraces the art. What can lie promise hinm-
self'? What does he attain to' He can seldom get be-
yontd a set of books, an umbrella, or.a great coat': this is
poor work, and renders borrowing a bore to both parties.
Tihe highest achievement in this department is a horse and
gig; and what cans you do with it whenti you have got it'?
A borrower cannot afford to iniare his credit by driving
anything so suspicious as a gig ; and to sell a borrowed
cue for even twice as much as it is worth is anl ofleuce
against the lnws: a borrower of this stamp can hardly pre-
tend to rtore sagacity than a lender. Borrowing a hotise,
ready -urnished for the season-or a sailing boat for a
month, may be a more respectable course, and it occasion-
ally receives high action; t bul in the end both the villa
and thle vessel must be delivered back to the right owners
(as the phrttse is), which, tt a borrower of tile smallest
su-jceptibility of feeling, is always unpleasant.
Money alone, the sure means of purchasing pleasures
of any paitern-the medium for the exorcise of our own
free will-the power of defying tip e world-
S "Thle glorious privilege
Of being independent-'"
this alone is worthy te great soul, the prod purpose, thoi
noble ansbition 6f ilthe enlightened borrosvvr; lie shoi.J.
.as .Cobbett used .to say, get gold atd keep it.' He % ill
take good care, at all events, if he liave the least preten-
eion-i to honor-never to pay it back. ..
We have already intimated that to pay back money is
inconsistent with the principle of borrowing; btt a differ-
eft doctrine, we are aware, has been craftily broached in
some quarters, atd a different practice in some cases pre-
vails. Borrowers of some credit and character are now
and then known to create inuchl disappoiutiislent by actii-.!
ally returning the tiottuy-by observing tkeir promise to'
p.-y' to the letter, and thereby i"iolating the spirit of it.!
Tists occurs in cases where, a small sutm having been lent,
there is thoughtto be no chance of extorting the loan ofr |
large one but by t'he repayment of the trifle. Conveniert
as the plan may be, and at first'sight it seems defensible


enough, it is in point of fact tampering with an essential
principle. It is a descent from the high to the middle
ground-it countenances the fatal doctrine of expediency,
and compromises an intrinsic right.
Thle biglh minded borrower is proof against the plausi-
bility of this practice. He is not of opinion that the end
justifies tie omealts. He never can be persuaded, under
any circumstances whatever, to violate thelirst rule of his
art. All that he ever hazards doing in' this way, is to
write to you to advancehimin a good round suti, requesting
that you will deduct what he owes you from thle amount.
His imaxim in the earliest flush of youth-at the dawn of
life, when thoe inid, conscious of its purity, yet sensible
of its frailty, looks out into the great world of morals and
takes to itself some settled line by which its true guidance
may be ensured, and its youthful rectitude preserved;
even then, ereyet lie had ventured into the moneyed world,
or whispered for the first time his want of a loan-his
maxim was, No -money to be returned.' What was
adopted by the enthusiasm of youth, shall be adhered to
by the experience of age, No sophistry, no tenet of ex-
pediency, no suggestion of convenience ever succeeds in
inducing him to pay back the, money he has borrowed :
he would as soon think of turning lender. He gets his
gold by fair play, and he keeps it upon a defined principle.
He acts upon an upright and very simple system, that
of never taking a denial; he asks, and asks for ever-but
is always accommodating; lie wants seventy pounds, but
he will put up with fifteen, and take your bill for therest;
or lie will call to-morrow, or on Friday, for the balance.
He is not particular about guineas-tmake it pounds, and
he will cheerfully allow the shillings as discount. If you
regret that you cannot accommodate him on the instant,
lie merely inquires when you call ; next week will do for
him. If you cannot possibly name a time and see no
likelihood, then he can but drop it and take his chance ;
and, in the meantime, you will just be so good as to give
himi a note of introduction to Mr. Loosecash, your agent
in Lothbury.
Such is his urbanity that you cannot offend him; you
are not at home to him three times a-day for a whole
week, but on the eighth morning he meets you coIming
out, and presses your hand with as much fervoras ifi it had
just written him a check. His disinterestednessis equally
conspicuous; give him your acceptance for a huitdred,
and you may have his for a thousand at what date you
will. He is the first to rejoice at the repeal of the usury-
laws, because he can now offer you your own terms; one
rate of per centage is tile same to hin as another. And let
it not be insinuated to his dispraise that he was ever known
i., break faith with you. His frank and emphatic Of
course' in reply to your doubtful, drawling May I depend
upon you?' means just what it says. IIf you cannot de-
pend upon the man who never means to pay, where canl
you rest dependence? Would you rely on him who is
trusting to a mere endeavor-to that rope of sand, a good
intention? -on one who will certainly pay you if he can 1
No, here there can be no dependence. But on him who,
like the sentimental, traveller, is predetermined not to give.
you a single sons, you may rest an unhesitating reliance.
A resolution to pay is scratched on glass, a determination
not.to pay is cut in marble.
The borrower is a vehement advocate for the strict ad-
ministration of all laws conservative of property. He is
a deadly enemy to the swindler. His soul sick-ns at tl,.e
sight of a pickpocket. Even forgery, though more gen-
tel, lie denounces as infamously u fair. -All these p)ur-
suits, he contends, militate against the successful practice
of borrowing, and all might be more profitably antd peace
ably carried on upo li e principles of' that art. I-He in-
sists that in a liee country no miai should be plundered
without his conlset,--bt thatat at the saine tie every utan
has a right to be robe ed if lie likes, He is arbitrary in
Ins judgments upon vagrants and other riff-raff-he has
no pity for the poor-fellows who 'pay their way while
they call, and when they can't, take to stealing ; wlho know
nothing of thle golden mean ; who have probably frittered
their money away it paying their debts,' when, by .spend-
ing it rationally, they might always have borrowed ini al
honorable independence. Yet it is curions that these two
negatives', the beggar and the thief make up that grand
r,,,te. 'isthe borrower. It is simply so. Hlow weak
hie il. i-iits that compose this strong and subtle! Any
1,,,i, eghg anybody can steal; but to unite thie two-to
r,..,r'.-a-iecquires profound genius;
Now tile world, as we daily see, is full of profound
genius. -. '
S. THE MAS WHO BELONGS TO NO PARTY.
This gentleman is the living personification of thie 5al-
api-op Cerberus-three gentlemen at .once. He is Tory,
Whig, and Riadical-and belongs i, neither party. Iu hli-
excess of impartiality lie joins all threc, and .discards tlihem
in turn. T'he three goddesses are continually contendtiiim
oil the little Mount lda. of his imagiinaiion, and each whis
the prize once-a-day. At breakfast, Sir Robert Peel is
unanswerable; by dinner-time, Lord John has staimumerit d
out something, convincing; and with the third bottle,
O'Connell reels iii, to the air of,' See the conquering hel o
comes.' He is a more exquisite monster than that of tl.e


enchanted island, for he has three voices-and if lie had
three votes would give one to each party, to preserve the
balance, and prove his independence.
His is-a comfortable creed, for it entirely excludes the
workings of that antiquated inconvenience called a con-
science. The minn who belongs to no party can support
each in succession, without damage to his character. De.
viate as he may from the direct path, hi cannot forfeit his
consistency. It is his privilege, aud his only, to take that
course upon every occasion which his inclinations or his
interests poiit out. lie it is who can, with perfect impu-
nity-with no possibility of impeachinent-allow fair play
to be the first law of nature-that of sellf-preservation.
He is bound by no principle but that which is comprised
in the duty of' taking care of yourself That he consi-
ders to be the Whole duty of Man. Teach us that, he
thinks, and you have taught us all. 11' every subject
would but fulfil that duty, if every individual only knew
how to take care of himself, the doctrine of perfectibility
would lie no longer a di eam, and the Millenium no longer
moonshine.
It is one of his maxims, that the man who is indifferent
to his own interests call have no concern about those of
other people. If' lihe be unmindftul of himself, how can
he be thinking of his fellow-creatures ? And yet, lie re-
marks, notlhint is more counmmon than to hear self-sacrifices
lauded. People not only neglect their duty towards them-
selves and abandon the very interests they a-re most bound
to guard-but afterwards they walkabroad into the public
streets and proclaim what they have done-as though
there were nothing criminal, but something glorious,.in
inflicting injury upon a human being. Nay, so strong is
this delusion, that lthe very people-and this indeed is
curious-the very people who are prone to take care of
themselves, are generally thie first to boast their self-sacri-
fices. The innocent absolutely stand self-accused, and
beg to be condemnned-quite glad to be even suspected of
the very folly they would be ashamed to commit.
Amongst these you will not find the Man of no Party.'
He is a gentleuiin of loo much decision of character-too
upright and too downright. According to his creed, that
man is the true patriot v. Io never misses an opportunity
of serving himself; he alone is the real lover of his coun-
try who constantly devotes hiA mind, through good and
ill report, to the prosperous working out of his own indivi.
dnal ends.
Although these ends may be often attained by an obsti-
nate attachment to a particular party-and the shallow
think this the certain way-tley are only to be effectually
accomplished through the medium of a delicate indepen-
dence of all parties-and this the cunning know. Inde-
pendence is nothing miorL than a sense of dependence
suppressed-as contentment is the art of hiding your de-
sires, or as innocence is guilt undetected. The mian of' no
party, then; is independent, because he contrives to con-
ceal the fact that all parties are essential to him. Conceal-
ing that, he becomes essential to all parties.
Now suppose him to make choice of one; directly he
does so, lie ceases to ibe of consequence. He is a convert
to the right creed, and is never heard of afterwards. A
party cannot allfford to reward a friend whose suffrages it
is sure of for nothing. It is throwing a ood thing away
to bestow it whero it lhas been carned-favors in thle polit-
ical world should be employed to bribe,and not to recom-
peanse. He is it party-nman, andn must look for his reward
it the triumph of is i cause. With hlis partly he lmstvote,
right or wroung-thlat is, for otr against Iis own interests-
abeing equally sure of receiving ino indemnification from
Lmle other side. He has mado up his mind--aand he may
die a beggatr when he lies. His opinions aro known-
his vote certain -there is an en ei if hinm.
But look at him as lie is, m Matn of no Party-joining
either iof the three whem it suits himiu, bound fast to eiee,
alu object of desire to all :
W'hat mioire fIlicity ''i fmll t olt creature
''l'h n to elijoy dohlirt with liincrly 1'
fHe is a treatlure whlio )mas bmth-v.-hose movements are
mutters oit importance, whoie intentions are universally
speculated upolm. Every o is curiotts abouhis opinion
os the subject., hiecauieso it is only lo Ihe guessed at; every-
body- wuiti.ns th kniow whal he thinks, becalnse lie hias not
mladic up his milid ; ot'erylbioiy concucives his vote to be of
emoiiseqn ic. l bcanse sc iy \ v wnder.on which side it will
lie givcu. Ea Ich party famdci.'e s hi:nr its owni, and the eyes
of Euiropei' areu inoip hiit. Mcaiiim!t he saunters fromtn
side to sidle, prying into every tllimg ain looking out ibr
the sliurtec.sl aumnd surest pth ll to his own iuvaUtagC-
'tI'lcr e c liem driving roundd about ilolt tlic,
Ali,[ talks uir'veyv wilth Ill io. curious eye,
Nw thi-, now itmhlt, Ie itth a tetitndecrlt--
decidinuz at last according to his sovemro-nii will iand plea-
sure, He h;ims ino predilecltiin,. uo prcjudi-ces-hem is bound
to nm plelmdge, trtun]nlellI'd by i1) pjarMy-ihe is himself lone,
ilid i like o brolsri-lice i-h ;mi do what lie likes with his
owin ,piniou atnd his own1 vott--lhic minister going oltl ilsd
tl.e m imister coming itt art tlhe saite to himn-he is a free-
horn, indlupendeni t Englis-lhman, \Iho proves his atlxiety
for others by talki g care of himself, and his good wishes
for the interests of his country by assiduously promoting
his own. London Neiw )ouuthly for August.










THE BrEE7,E IN THE DESERT.
7Y MsaRY A-NE BROWNE.
THER E rfam a soit, low sound,
A goiteit: hbeahiuIg, like a distant late;
Aud a liiiht air a inoinent sighed around,
And ti en again was imule.
'Ti'wv;t laden with tI.c breath
Of Araby's Ii-t ... .--c -...1 sutl y flowers;
It bore these .. a j as.isti ine wreath,
And of l:;ir summer lowers.
And o'er the desert vast
Went tile light murmurs of the cooling wild,
And ftann-d tih buirnin sands; anid as it passed,
Ltft hope andi heslith behind! .
And to tbi lonely band
Of wearitd travellers who wandered there,
What lidli gs of aiott.her, fresher land,
iBore that s\yee.'t nir.!
Oh! on its ligilisonie wing
Came thie iived ietliory of illany a spot-
"i'hi bright g'seen plmstulre, and the bubbling spring,
And the flo ei-manitied cot!
Tales of their pleainnt home,
And thosc most dear, were mwhi.i:pered by the breeze-
And it' ilts gciitle inarnt!'rs seemed to come
Greetings of love and these.
They folt the swae. t wind blow,
And ever' brmt;se was baied to take its part,
As if thnev wislied its blessed truth to go
Into the very heart!
Awl even so, when we
Are waniidering thrtinlgh lilf's barren wilderness,
hVil'i not a rspot of verdinre 'e can see,
Or aaught cur way to bless;
Come protiises of love
Antld tiOre to Qtr fiinntitg spi its given,
R.cmiinig .uis ,)f bri.hetr worlds aot ve
xireattliitn of hope anild 'caven! Kuiickerbocker.

SItIP BY EYON--THE ICEBE-. GS.
I PERILOUS EN.OU'OUNTEI. WIT1 AN ICEBEEG NEAit, THE BANKS OF NEW.
FfounDLxi' -
On the 30th June asit the ship Byron left Liverpool, for
Naw Yo'k I .den with iron. salt, &c. and ihavi li
on) board, inl passingcrs a;id crew, 11J or 120 souls. OlI
tihe mornitlltg of tihe 3d Ataast, 34 days oIt, in lat. 4,10 22'.
Ion. 480 5fi, a scene ocetrred which can never be uffateed
from miamoity.' It ws tii wavalch of the fitit 'mate, trin iii
of great a ideiity, hIit hein;; indii.,o-ed his lilace w.' v ake il,
by another. An: ittutuil da'h !ie of eiviiy andl thonlighiless
security among the passengers iijustgiven place to-letp.
rAnd all was s!ill, save th' tread oi' tli- witch oin deck, o;
the occasional toll of the bell to i'waln fihiiig crrulif ,car,
of our approneh ; but we had mnore need to be warned
ouarseires thaiIn to give warning to otliers' of approaching
d singer. AbJou 2 o'clock, A. M. a hinried step awoke the
vrilter of thi t skctei ; and the r tpid whispering of some
created thea estpiniutn that nll was not tight. -, .... ,,1.
Irom his berit, hie asked one of tile mtrn iear tire cabin
dotor, what W"vas the !l:nLttelr. We are ith the "idst of ice,"
said he, wili yon ifiii.rm thle captain and i..tillte?"
T,- uit;i wa i'ns antiv oni dec: il lie rani forward to
loiok! oiut. li :I >!li''iit thevessel, gonit it tle rate of fivee
kno'., m t!',tck'tb- if gi 'sit a solid rock. It was an isbuiai
of ice! fi. hli'iits hiid above the water more than oIne
h:tindrad e t. a;i !n"ed oivi -'r its if readiv to f:!di dowin
IIp(0:l !s. ':ihe 'wo.'O was given to put ulp i bein, 'id sack
thI l s;ils. A's w1ee % hvo tetilint to oilley t;ie latter
oid .--:'s lt terrn'r'd pisesetn;ers were rn'hina onl dicl(
and looking ip !it the ia, me!:se, oveil.imni.iiig, !'reezing
lilnas. Ihe tiii.p stric i ag i in wil iincreas,'d force. Ol !i
w v.it a -lit k!---l !-Crash it seav!ied ast if te llastis.
.';'-! i-,1,ii1 o ae r "i it mother ii tile drtck. The .acoii
1 ilno e t,'red to'i calb)ii, and ciapping violent] y his !::iid.,
.l > t.er, .::'s!:itii tjt ly God our b tvs ire stove ini-
vwe'r ai g.,e A irviui death appeared nuow i'!evitl.-
.: i. i,; i;i: ,. ml : i. n rt f ctOtrn.'ral pi :iii, the co im mlalindinli
.01i'; r v-i ordrls rt "ci blir ,i.vy the hbi:t." Then, whilelt
th.l li::if was ).;i'r apji!phed To ttie corda e f isteniung het
alert! s ;l e : ". 1 11: lde to .Li, h, 1)1 1:11; ll d
W i(o .n T !";.,;l. fii.' ly their 1
o it ,' .y p.r' o-t I ', /t .. vill)iits thrt shl,
ti i o; e k !;biw .I.I I .y .-o l into the deep.
iil i p! iw taki 'i l'i-p O' ur cir ::n nrli',. odicetr must hf vl,
a.K-la hn 1 'i! 'n te; for, tfoli b r dri sire to sa! iihpt.sr essioii
iof her hi;T th;a: ;; e! w i hi i pr (ii m deslr ie ,i:ion- it; ;Y :; I'.r-im both:
i,;ti ivs--"-e !ei- 'ed ihe ii i0 : td stood ii her untill he
dio-ve, unt every on!:e at; ie point of tiis sw'rd.. .
ill a tm,l t irror n F .- .. ,,. ,
ii n tG ',-r. -isd, .li.t",
S ra" l nercy- .omm e el,) pin"g *:!eir b.:.!lts .,.1 ,,t ,.
11^ th:3 '.sl. :.p Ailii z shriBKs. '? "; ';.:,... ', .. '
e h:Ird. All w, c,'f'sion andt .. '-Ii I .. ,,,, 1,
pervitriate :i heart of'soiie. Somio -r' ** w. 're
it s r!) t'-,,in ives, prep, rinn pt resist i rte c id if ppr-i
e it ni. .tht. !.o. il.1 survive the 'i'-Back Others were lonk-
trig to riot .thrit 1 .v.!icii ti'ey ,niuald IsI tlemseives for
SiWrilui: 1i,: urie t i ili te]awat ert s'e. voi migiit see Otie
wnit a safety-bolt staig -over his i'irt, eideaavbriiig to fill J


THE NEW-YORKER.

it with air: there another, pale and agitated, inquiring
Is there any hope !" And there, one standing, as if in
sullen despair saying, "It is no use to do any thing. We
must die." Are we sinking, uncle?" cries a dear boy.
A child rinuning to a brave sailor says, Won't you save
mile?" And thie loud wailing and lamentation from tIhe
crowd rosa higher and higher. Then, as if to close the
painful scene, the ship stuck again on her quarter. The
shock reverberated like thunder, making every joint of
\:e vessel sliake as if coming apart. Hope now fully fled;
all heartswere distniyed: tlhe despairing cry was renewed,
anud the most calm braced themselves in preparation for;
immediate death. Even the dogs cowered down oil the
idec; in silence.
It appeared that at the first shock against-the mountain,
ihe jil-boom was broken and thrown over the bows into
tile lessel. The second shock carried away the bowsprit,
iieid. a!d cntwater, lodgmg' the timbers across the bows.
L-Iad it siruck 'ts oi either side, or had it struck the hill,
we imnst have perished; but, by the mercy of God, the
ihull was uninjured. After the bowsprit was carried away,
the stem of ttie ship must have been.held down Ifo amn
inelant by the ovemlianginig coluum ; iand her not immedi-
-ately rising in front gave lhe idea to the nost experienced
that she was stove in and was filling with waler. This
created the panic. Buit the sails being backed, the helin
put hard up,she turned off from her enemy, and swinging
clear, received the last shot on her larboard-quiarter, which,
though its sound was terrible, did no injury. That instant
she was free. .And now was the contest between despair
and fihpe. The carpenter reported that the hull was sound
and the bowsprit could be repaired, but then she may have
.priang a leak, and tile foremast is in danger of falling !
he word wa to the pump." The pump. was rigged
and wrought. It was a muiment of painful suspense, until
the pump sucked, showing that all was tight. Then hope
gilded the co unitenanice of ourcaptain, anti all hearts began
to live iu its radiatice. Still we waited to hear the crush
(f theill foremast as thie vessel was rolling in tho sea, but it
stood firm. Daylight, ever delightful to tho'-e on the deep,
anid peculiarly grateful to u.;, soon appeared. We found
ourselves going on our way, alive, aud with every reason-
able confidence of future hrlic.
We stood amazed at our deliveraincr. TIhe most careless
among tus were constrained to attribute our preservation
to a child anid tmerciil'tt Providhnce ; while the multitiude
cried ouit !uihesitali-gly, '" i is the Lotd who has saved
us; thankii. and praises to his holy imme.'- Then every
coinmlrtenance vans lighted up vwitlt joy; every heart was
fill ol gratitude to God and love to one another, and many
purposes were formed ofireforimatioti in future. The next
day we saw three mnomintaina of ice. We passed near to
one of them. WVe gazed vwithl the deepest interest on the
fellow of that which had so greatly end'lagered our lives.
Before the close of the second da, a ntew bowsprit iwatl
little up, which stood the trial of wind and waves the
'remainder of the voyage. In all thi, btisiiiess the officers
and crew showed great shil! antr energy. Obsne-cr.

PADDT AND THE ECHO.--' P.iariCh! V. h.ern hbive Vou
been ihis hour or more ? You must not absent youl-csell
without my permission."
"Och, niver more will I do the like, sir."
Wedl, give au account of yourself, you seem out (i.
bTea 'th." ,
Fait the same I am sir; I uiver was in such fear since
I come to Aineriky, I'll tell ye all about it, sir, when I get
bi eath wonst l ainr.
"i heard ye atiJing the ginlletnmn of the wonderful hacho,
sir, over mi The woods, behtit the big hill. I thocht by
whatlye said uv it, ttiat it bare all the echoes nv would Ire.
Iiild, sir; and so it does, hy the powers! 'Well I just runill
over to tie place ye ys was speaking unt, I converse a bit with
;ie wonderful creathliir. Z !t said I, Hilio. hill, hiilo i
-t!:d sure enough the liecho said, Hillo, hillo, hillo i you r
noisy rascal!'
"i tlocht that was very quare, cir; and I said, Hillo !'
rgain.
** Hillo. yourself. said the hecho, 'you begun it first.'
"' WVhati the divi! are you,ii ide ir vi' said .
"' 'hnt your uuimnth,' said the hocho.
So taid I, e bliatern seouindril, if ye was flesh and
blood, like ai honest lia)i thi.a ya isn't, I'd honitmer ye till
the mother of vy wouldn't l~k:ol her impedint son.'
And what d yot(il thiinil th' hec'io said to that, sir ? p
Sc inper ye basle of a PPad.ly,' saidhe, orfaitaif Icatch as
yoit, i'd briieak ivervy one i; your tigiy hody.' A-ii' it hii E
ily 1teatal with a sw il. li r. It i :s .; o', : : r, p ioor
rm lina c ., .,. u a 11 ti i I ,,, and t;
fraisiud.L,. -- i .i -: te:! you of it, sir." p
F r q ..U E LOGIC. e.
'- T. ,- SCLAES. si
S My heart i .. ,' sure it will; w
'1 lover, ye-, emy ihvorite-lhe
', 1,-. s l'einil my ow;' through good ape! ill-
u.9 '- :, ;. t drnet ii s hack on ire,
THE C0. --FORTERe.
Ah silly soirower. waep no mire;i
Your lover's tl-rne' his back v e see,
Buat \ oa iad ail turned Lis it'cad tbefbre,
And niew lie's as he ought to be,


TO THE CACTUS SPECIOSISSIMUS.
BY MRS. SIGOURNEY.
WHO hung thy beauty on such rugged stalk,
Thou glorious flower? Wl.o poured the richest hues,
In varying radiance o'er thine ample brow,
And, like a mesh, those issued stamens laid
Upon thy crimnEO lip 'l
Thou glorious flower!
Methinks it were no sin to Aoriship thee,
S cli passport hast thou frontom thy aker's hand
To thrill tile soul. Lone onil thy leafless stem,
Thou bidd'st the queenly rose, with all her buda,
Do hoiage-and the green-house peerage bow
Their rainbow coronets.
Hast thou no thought,
No intellectual life-thou who canst wake
Alan's heart to such coinmuntings ? No sweet word
Wilh which to answer him ?-'T would almost seem
That so much beauty needs must have a soul-
And that the form which tints the gazer's dream
Bath loftier spirit then the common clod
On which we tread.
But while we muse, a blight
Steals sadly o'er thee-and thy bosoti shows
The withering symptoms of a last disease.
I will not stay to see thy beauties tide.
----Still must I bear away within my heart,
Thy lesson of our own mortality.-
The fearful fading of each blossom'd bough
On which we le:-i-of every wreath that crownsa
The fairest brow-of every bud we fain
Would fold within our bosoms, from the search
Of the destroyer.-
So instruct us, Lord-
Great Father of the sunbeam and the saui-
Even by this simple sermon of a flower
To cling to Thee.-
.arlf0rd, July i, 188. Zediac.
DIFFICULT CAsE.-Doctor Radcliffe, the famous phy-
sician in Queen Anne's time, was eccentric, but kind-
hearted, and many anecdotes of his singular temper are
told. From his life. recently published, we extract the
following, which does him honor. lMirror.
"Doctor Radclife was a favorite of the female sex.-
Among others, he attr-:cted the notice of a lady of quality,
whose individuality is now lost under the name of Lady
Betty. She .contrived to be out of order week after week,
and, at last. fitirly exhausted the patience of the doctor at
being sent lbfor on so many trifling occasions. Whereupon
he told her fat her', thal it was his opinion that her lady-
ship stood more in need of a confessor than a physician,
for he was convinced her mind was more distempered
than her body. But it was in vain that the doctor was
dull and avoided his patient-he was at last informed, by
the lady's maid, that lie alone must be that confessor.-
Hereupon lie gave his attendance, to hear what she had
to say, which made a discovery that struck him with
atnazement. How to answer her directly lie kniew not,
for she had miadi, a sort of ambiguous confession, which
ihad only pointed out her great respects for a certain per-
s.ui without any name : lie thereupon told her, 'that her
case was somewhat difficult, but lie did not doubt to ease
her of all her anxieties. on that account, in a month's time.'
Accordingly, the young lady formed an inconceivable joy
to herself, but the doctor immediately laid the whole affair
before thelord of-- her father, with a caution to him not
1i let the daughter know lie was anywise apprised of it,
since it was in his power to prevent her flinging herself
away wilh a iuno beneath her, by- a speedy contract of
marriage with some person of equal extraction. This ad-
vice was readily embraced and gratefully acknowledged,
and the lady, who is now living and one of the best of
wives, was married to a nobleman who had made preten-
ions to her for several months before this discovery, with.
n the time limited, which at once absolved tie doctor of
us promise, and showed his inviolable attachmentet to the
reputation and interest of his frii-nd and benefactor."

EPiGRAM
On a dull preacher, whose text was 'ws.ic: atndpray,' &ec.
By the preacher perpl;axt
How shall we. determine;
Watch and pra'- ea-, s.the text,
Go to sh'ep says the sermon.

A LAWTER ON mS LAST LESs.-Our friend Parker is
rolbably otie of thie mo.-t ingenious advocates that ever
stood between a rogue atnd the law. He was counsel for
)yer-at the examiinatiorin efor' the Police Court receutlv,
nd eiing driven by thi evid u;cc to dec operate liomsure's,
lit it to the .Ind;e. with moin t ioge -iotis asophistry and ito-
frtunrbable grave ::,, ,1- t tile faiciof Dyer's having atteip'-
dt t throw eway Ehe t.n't-rf-it bills found in is poosse.-
ion, was proof positive i- :.u wished to get rid of tbem
'ithoui passing them. lotou TraMscript.

BLUE IN K.
You ask me,"Ed.ward, what I t think
Of this new faIsnionable ink ?
P'll-ansvar. ,. Ned.
Metlhinks i I I.. always I blue;
At all events, when used by you,
It never will be red,.











SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER t0, 1836.
The National Domain.-We rejoice to perceive that
very general and pervading interest is beginning to be fel
throughout the country in the disposition and. management o
the Public Lands. .The people of the United States have
not, till very recently, been accustomed to realize the extend
and magnitude of their stake in this question. They have
not felt how sensibly the value of every rood of land and the
prosperity of every section, however remote or inconsidera
ble, may be affected by the management, judicious or other-
wise, of this their common inheritance. The events of the
last few years, however, but more especially of the last cigh
teen months, have tended to awaken them to a sense of the
vital importance of this subject, which is henceforth destined
to hold a prominent place among those which annually en-
gage the profound attention of the National Legislature and
the nation itself.
That the Public Lands constitute a common heritage, to
be managed for the common benefit of the whole people o
the United States, is a proposition which is- not, except pos-
sibly in some of the very newest States, in terms denied.-
But what course will best conduce to the desired end ? Are
they to be sold only for the largest sum which canl possibly
/ be obtained for them 1 Certainly not. Are they to be dis-
posed of for a merely nominal consideration, with the single
view of settling them at the earliest day possible? We think
not. Justice to the old States demands that the nation should
not offer so magnificent a premium for their yearly impover-
ishment, and for the annual allurement from them of the
most hardy, intelligent, and valuable portion of their popula-
tion. The new States have a right to claim that the action
of the government shall be strictly paternal, and that they be
deprived of none of the extraordinary advantages which Na-
ture has bounteously accorded then. The old States have
a right to insist that the vast territory won by their virtue and
valor in the last century shall not be rendered a curse to them
instead of a blessing. Each have rights pertaining to them
as separate communities, and all have interests, not necessa-
rily conflicting, but requiring a mutual deference,, a liberal
and enlightened policy, in order to their harmonious and set-
isfactory adjustment.
We regard the laws which now regulate the survey and
sale of the Public Lands as unequivocally just in their char-
acter and salutary in their tendencies, so far as their influ-
ence extends.- They were framed with an eve to both the
great interests which they are designed to subserve-the
rapid and healthful population of the new States, the protec-
tion and compensation of the old, as original proprietors of
the soil. The price of one dollar and twentyvfive cents per
acre can never operate as an obstacle to the acquirement of
a freehold by any one at all able or competent to convert a
tract of wild land into a productive farm ; while the laws
and usages in regard to actual settlers are at once character-
ized by beneficence and enlightened policy. If there were
any doubt, abstractly, of the wisdom and justice of the sys-
tem hitherto pursued by the General Government, a simple
reference to the unparalleled growth from infancy to a rich
maturity of Ohio and Indiana would suffice to remove them.
It seems, however, that recent changes in the general
condition of things throughout the country-the rise in the
value of agricultural products, the, immensely accelerated
emigration to the West, &c. &c.-call loudly upon the Na-
tional Government for anew course of. policy. It has hith-
erto been deemed a desideratum to sell the lands as rapidly
as possible; but it is now apprehended that the :,,:... rd
value of land and .the extraordinary spirit of spec.laionr
which the course of events during the last few years-lias e,-
gendered,'are tending palpably to the monopoly of all i,;
most desirable portions of the Public Domain in the lim,.
of non-residents and speculators. The sales, which- .:(:. I
had scarcely exceeded three millions of acres in any one
year, suddenly swelled in 1S35 to neai-rly. three times that
amount; and the prospect now is that full twenty m'l:
of acres will have been entered and paid for during .i .. it-
rent year. It was ostensibly to prevent such a rest ti i.ir
the important Treasury Order of July last was issued, direct-
ing that payment in gold and silver exclusively should be re-
quired of all but actual settlers on the lands purchased.


EDITOR IA L-P 0L I T I C A L. 893

The justice of that measure we need not now discuss.- MARYLAND.-An election was held throughout this
Its constitutionality, which is strongly disputed, is also for- State on Monday of this week for Electors of the Senate
eign to our present purpose. 'We have thus far intended -two from each county and one from each city, making
a but to glance at the fact that a real evil exists, and that some forty in all, who are 'to assemble and elect a Senate of
t steps are necessary to its counteraction. We doubt whether fifteen Members for the five years ensuing. The result
if the Treasury Order will prove even moderately efficient for was a signal 'victory of the supporters of Van Buren and
e this purpose. It may produce a scarcity of money: it may Johnson, who carried more than three-fourthsof the Elec-
t embarrass the Banks, Atlantic and Western; it may even tors, a.d- thus of course secured a Senate of their own
e check the impetuous current of speculation generally ;- but party and a probable preponderance in the State Govern-
e we fear its evils will not fall mainly on those whom it is in- meant for the next five years. The Whigs assert that this
tended to reach-that it will bear at least equally on the re- most unexpected reverse is entirely attributable to two
- gular business of the country. Let us illustrate this by a leading measures of the last Legislature, which proved
e single example : popular with the people: the act authorizing an exten-
A. B. and C. residing in New-York or New-Enigland, sive system of Internal Improvement, and that granting
Sunbite to invest $100,000 in new hands They raise a part ai Indemnity to the citizens whose property was destroy-
d of the sum from their ordinary resource-, and borrow the rest ed in tle' Baltimore riots of last year. If these were in-
- on their joint paper-each raising all c can command as deed the sole causes of their defeat, the result is more
l principal with his two confederates as endorsers. Now they honorable to them than the most signal victory.-They
are not so dull as to draw on their own banks for specie.- also reiterate their confidence of entire success ht the
They know an operation worth two of this. They step qui- Presidential Election in November. We shall see.
f etly into Wall-street and purchase Ohio and Michigan notes We believe the subject of a Reform of their State Con-
- at a handsome discount, and with these draw the specie from stitution had a very sensible influence on this election. A
the Western -Banks-thereby saving the transportation of great majority of the people of Maryland desire sich a
e specie and actually mnaking.a profit to themselves, without change as will do away with the cumbrous machinery of
abstracting a dollar of specie from our New-York Banks. Electors of thie Senate altogether, and base the represen-
- We have but adduced a single and every-day instance to station ia either branch of the Legislature on population or
demonstrate the fact that the Treasury. Order will hot of it- taxable, instead of the present rotten borough system,
self accomplish the .purpose intended. The question recurs 'which gives four. representatives each to a dozen Counties
with full force-What shall be done to preserve the Public with scarcely a thousand voters each, and only two to the
Domain from the grasp of speculation 1 We have l..,.. city of Baltimore with eleven thousand voters. We can-
as imiquestionable that the transfer of the most desirable por- not doubt that a Reform will speedily be affected.
-tions front te Government to non-resident purchasers, with- e would not be understood as giving our opinion that
out any obligations resting on the latter to occupy and imn- the result was entirely produced by causes and consider-
prove them, would, under the-existing lawsations remote from *the Presidential, question. Whether
prove them, would, under theoexisting laws, confer aim advan- tl.ia o tmhe contrary were the fact, the friends of Van Bu-
tage on the purchasers and the old States at the expense of lrs om ihe conmraro were time Oact the friends of vae Be-
the actual settlers, the new States. and thloe who may here- tios wit a igaSoll Oad-antage, amt d we regard thNovembe emc-
after emigrate to the Western country. This must be pre- f tloeir Elect ral Ticket as a imattregard rostroig po
vented a-and to this end we recommend th3 following chan- oP. .eir Frida mlck g-t as aback te y this day's.l
ges-in the existing regulations: I1. S. ray ornin-All aback !-By this day's,
S s o Southern Mali we are astounded with the intelligence that
I. The immediate repeal of the law of Congress which the Whigs have not been beaten in Maryland after all, but
exempts lands from taxation for five years after their pur- have secured a majority of the Electors, and of course the
chase from the Government.-This was a politic enactment entire State Senate for five yearsto come. The accounts
twenty years since ; it offers now an unnecessary premium brought by yesterday's mail'gave 22 Van Buren to 2 Har-
to speculation. Let it be annulled forthwith. prison Electors ; but the returns to-day subtract 2in Prince
II. 1,,-. -u,,im : ...... of the unimproved lands of non-resi- George, and 1 in Montgomery County from the Van Bu-
dents to discrit-oinating taxation by States, Counties an I ren list, and give all the Counties which yesterday remain-
townships, for the construction of roads, bridges, and neces- ed to hear from to the Whigs.
sary public buildings, and for allother purposes of public con- The following iis said to be the actual result:
venience and utility. Whig. .Van Buren.
vi ence nd utility. Allegany,............ .... W ashington. ....... 2
Other legislation in the same spirit may be required; but blontgomery, .........1.... Montgomery ....... 1
the above may serve as the bases of the new course of policy Prince George's ... 2.... Frederick,......... 2
Se t Calvert,................ 2. A.Annapolis,......... 1
demanded. There can be no just reason why a citizen of Charles ............ .......Anne Arundel......2
New-York should not enjoy equal facilities for the purchase t. Mary's,................ Baltimore City,.... I
of a section of public land with a citizen of Illinois. The Tabot............... .. ....alt re arfo ....... 2
only just cause of complaint-is found in the fact that the lat- Dorchester, ...... 2.... Cecil,..............Cecil,.
ter will naturallyy coi.tribute materially to the improvement Somerset,............... ... Queen Anne's, .... 2
y ,. e Worcester ............. .... Caroline, ....2
of the country, while the former does nothing of the sort, or 'T'otal............... 21 Total ..............
at least no more than an absentee is obliged to do. Let the The'returns from Allegany and St Mary's are not ofi-
laws, then, efface this distinction by constraining the non- cial, but it is said they may be depended on. We still
resident to contribute handsomely to all works demanded by presi.une tme friends of Van Buren have cast the greater
the common weal; let the taxes be such as will be sensibly number of votes. As, however, il State Government
felt, not only by the payers but by the community. Specu- is laow carried by their opl,.v,,mis, v. idle the whole vote of
nation will rno. ,.,,,r be tempted to purchase lands to lie the State has not been poll.~I, .eC~ -n .c t have said
idle for ten years, until, the sat.,-rs of others shall have in- above of the Presidenti-I lr-,n,,,
creasvd their value ten, fifty, or a hundred fold. Such a re-e signal victory med by the supporters
,,,d.d* would be just; it would be.0direct; it could hardly IRDl A.-The signal victory claimed by the supporters
prwouvl'bejuse ; it woude bree 'direct; it ld hardly of Gn, Ilarrison in this State is by no means quietly co-
pro-i-na.g-ood-degre-effca -.-i:-,Jd them by tieir opponents, as seemed to be the case

it Ii. -'. E-A seini-annmual elcr '-., tldlj ;m ten days ago. The "Indiana Democrat' publishes a last
: A n'I ,11.b,. of"r di, L ,tl:, making the Senate
1, .. i .. of last week for in. ,.i e L making o Sate
'," I ,,cl, ''he Stale Legislatur.. V.-1 y ln ,.,_ i 6 3 iV3 Bit sen, *'L. iI.rr,.m,m. 3 doubtful. In the
excited e except w ith reference to a n r Je l | .. -d la%% hol h a l'a ,:... it ", acte o w i r. T h ompmoIti of
last winter, which is .obnoxious to th t,, .,, t.,.- .,, Fe-'.u. I', has alwayshitherto acted with the Opposition.
polPoitmall. -. ~,-, 'f,,] fI'm e is nadk wo consist of 50 Van Buren, 44 Her-
.d ht e supportersof M. Van urenmlu- 5 doubtful-I deceased.-The Indiana Journal
-,,d 32 Wigto 40 supporters of Mr. a Buren, mmclu- gives a simnilihir' table of Members elected, aind claims 29
the Ati-asoHarrison to 18 in the Senate, 55 Harrison to 44 Van Bu-
HIon. Francis Granger, Tiomamis Ewing, and John C. rean in the House, making a majority of 22 on joint ballot.
Wright, were expected to be present at a Whig Young, The reader will believe which he pleaaue of the two
Men's Conveliti.on at Cleveland, Ohio, on Saturday last, statements.









394 THE NEW-YORKER.


ALABAMA.-:The latest bulletin from the Whig journals
of this Sdate, set forhi the following as the political result
ol Ih rer.-ni eleciion:- ,
White. Doubtful. Van Boren.
Senate,......... 18...... ..... .............. e0
Representatives,... 46........ 12.............. 32
Absolute majority for White in joint ballot, 8. Adding
5 of the doubtful (aind-they claim to be certain of so many)
to the White agregate, and the majority is 18. The
friends of Mr. Van Buren, on the other hand, apportion
them as follows
Senate ......White........ 16 Van Buren....... 14
Ilouse...... ....... 39 ....... 51
Total......... ....... ... Total... .. 5
Van Buren majority in joint ballot, 10. Our own opin-
ion is that the White party have a presentmajority of two
in each House-4 in all-which will be largely increased or
reversed .as the vote of the State fox Presidential Electors
shall determine.
MASSACHUSETTS.-There is to be a more spirited and
equpal contest in the ancient Commonwealth at the coming
Election than most people have any idea of. The greater
portion of the late Anti-Masonic party appears to have
enlisted in the support of Mr. Van Buren for the Presi-
dency, arid even of Judge Morton, the Vail Buren candi-
date for Governor, against Gov. Everett, who was their
favorite last year. Should this determination result in the
addition of 10,000 Anti-Masonic votes to the 25,000 'De-
mnocratic' original supporters of Jackson, and Morton, the
Whigs and Whig Anti-Masons'will be forced to put forth
their Lib.:t -teriin. to beat this formidable coalition deci-
ii .:\i *
A Convention of the' Democratic Anti-Masons' of Mid-
dlesex County was held at Lexington on the 30th ult. A
struggle between the friends of Morton and Everett re-
sulted in the triumph of the former by about three to one,
although Gov. Everett resides in the County. William
Parmnenter, Esq. was nominated for Congress, with a Sen-
atorial ticket, alike, acceptable to tihe supporters of Mr.
Van. Buren not Auti-Masoihic. The election of tihe whole
is -confidently expected.

ILLIt iS.-Mr. Snyder's majority over Ex-Gov. Iey-
iol.J. in the First District is officially ascertained to be Il1.
It is rumored that Gov. R. intends to contest, on the
ground that three or four hundred alien (German) votes
1ere -cast frr the successful candidate. If it be true, as
asserted, that under the construction currently given to
the State Constitution, all persons, aliens as well as citi-
z ms, who have resided in the State six months, are allow-
el to vote, we should think there is abundant ground for
a contest.,
A large meeting of the friends of Gen. Harrisoni was
held at Alton on the 20th ult. to organize for the Presi-
dential Election. It was resolved to support the Electoral
Ticket already formed by the supporters of Judge White,
find a'Comimittee was appointed to open a correspondence
with the gentlemen whose names compose that ticket.
VER MONT.-We have received returned froit but three
or four townships of the result of the State Election, ont
Tuesday of this week. These (all in Bennington county)
give a very small and indecisive majority for the Harri-
san ticket., We shall hear definitely in season for our
next.
Ex:-Governor Carroll, of Teinnessee, was recently com-
plitented with a Public Dinner at Tuscumbia, Alabama.
Charles Naylor, Esq. of the Northern Liberties, has been
nominated for Congress by the Whigs of the Third Dis-
trict Philadelphia Co. Pa.
John L. Woolf, Esq. has been nominated for th Senate
of Pennsylvania biy the Whigs of Philadelphia Co'.
: G H. Goddrick, Eisq President of the Bank of Buffalo,
i h been nominated for Elector of President by the firitoii-:
of Mr. Van Buren in Erie county.
William H. Hunter, Esq. has been nominated for Con-
gress by-the friends of Van Buren and Jackson in the
Huron, Richland, and Sandusky District, Ohio.
iGen..David Newland, the unsuccessful competitor of
Mr. Graham for the contested seat in Congrsei from N.orth
Carolina, hasTesolved to emigrate to Texas.*


Hon. Hugh.S. Legare, late Minister to Belgium, who
has just returned from a protracted residence in Europe,
has been announced as a candidate for Congress from
Charleston, S. C.
Hon. William Smith, for many years U. S. Senator from
South Carolina, and now supported fior Vice President
by the friends of Mr. Van Buren in Virginia, has been
elected to the Legislature of Alabama from Madison Co.
Robert Dale Owen, the celebrated Infidel philosopher and
lecturer, has been elected to the Legislature of Indiana.-
Mr. 0. supports Van Buren and Johnson.
Hon. John .Reed has been nominated for re-clection to
Congress by the Whigs of the New-Bedford District, Mass.
He will be resolutely opposed.
Thomas Henry, Esq. of Beaver, is proposed for Congress
by the friends of Harrison and Granger in the Beaver and
Mercer District, Pa. John J. Pearson, Esq. of Mercer, is
their candidate for the unexpired term of Hon. John Banks,
resigned.
Hon. John Andrew, Shultze, Ex-Governor of Pennsylva-
nia, has been nominated for Senatorial Delegate to the State
Convention for a Reform of the Constitution by the support-
ers of Harrison and Granger.
Ehbenezer Greenough, Esq. of Northumberland, is the An-
ti-Masonic and Harrison candidate for Congress in the Dis-
trict composed of Union, Northumberland, and Lycoming
Counties.
W. P. Van Rensselaer, Esq. of Albany, has declined
accepting the office of Secretary of Legation to France,
recently offered hin by the President.
lon. Wmin. J. Grayson has been nominated in South
Carolina a candidate for re-election, to represent the Dis-
tricts of Beaufort and Colleton in the next Congress of
the United States.
Hon. Joel R. Poinsett has declined being a candidate for
Congress from hi's district in Sotth Carolinii'.
J. J. Audubon, the distinguished Ornithologist, caine
passenger in the packet Gladiator from London.
The President left Nashville for Florence, Ala. on Mon-
day, the 2?2d August.
Get. Memecnatn Hunt, Brigadier in the Texian service, is
now at the Astor Hotel in this city. He is enlisting troops
for the army of Texas.
New- York State Bank.-This new institution, with a cap-
ital of $2,000,000, has purchased the house formerly owned
and occupied by the U. S. Branch Bank, and will soon be in
full operation. Cornelius W. Lawience, (Mayor of the city,)
has been elected President; Reuben Withers, Cashier ; Ja-
cob Anthony, Assistant Cashier; John Lorimer Graham,
Attorney and Counsel. Directors-Cornelius- W. Law-
rence, Isaac Townsend, John Steward, Charles A. Davis,
Reuben Withers, Morgan L. Smith, John Bolton, Henry W.
Hicks, James N. Tuttle, Charles Denison, Daniel Jackson,
Joseph Lawrence, Jonas Conkling.

New Counterfeits.-$5's of Lincoln bank Bath, and
Kenduskeag bank, Bangor, Me. (Stereotype plate,) are in
circulation.
City Bank of Rochester.-The Rochester Daily Adverti-
ser states that Gen. Jacob Gould has been chosen President,
F; M. Height., Cashier, and Josiah Bissell, Teller of this in-
stitution, and that it was to.have comtmenced its business
operations on Monday last..
Gen. Hubbell has resigned the offiee of Adjutant General
of this State, and the Governor h6s temporarily devolved the
duties of that department on his Military Secretary, Major.
Thomas W. Harman. [Argus.:
Very Liberal.-A college is about being: founded .,i '.
burn, under the supervision of the Methodist ri..i.-,.,l
Church., The citizens of Auburn have subscribed thirty-five
thousand .:.Y.',., toward its endowment.
A Colored Minister.-The Hon. John Berry, a fgentle-
man of color, has. arrived in town from Port an Prince.
Hie comes on business for the Haytien government, in re-
lation to the manufacture of- Haytien coins, which is car-
ried on to a great extent in this country.
A Hit.-The Green Bay Democrat states that Mr. D.
Whjtney sold lead at Fox river op posite to Green,hBay, for
$0;(0QK. It rose immediately to $90,000, and i- Ih.:.tglI
to hbe worth at least $500,000! Mr. Whitney has lost.
money; the tract cost him about $50!!


;L


FROM EUROPE. ,
By the arrival this week of the packets Charles Carroll,
from Havre, Gladiator, from London, and Britannia, from
Liverpool, we have Paris advices to the 30th of July,
London to the 2d of August, and Liverpool to the 3d,
inclusive.
The intelligence from England is nearly a fortnightand
from the Continent about ten days later than by previous
arrivals. It is diffuse, and of varied interest. The most
prominent item relates to the anticipated decease of the
great banker and financier, N. M. Rothschild, the head of
the extensive house of the brothers Rothschilds, who was
lying at the point of death at Frankfort. The news of
his dangerous illness has diffused a general gloom over
the Stock and Money Markets of London and Paris, aind
his death is looked to as the precursor of serious ditlicul-
ties. An alleged drain of specie from Great Britain is
also harped upon by the panic-makers.
The collision between the two Houses of Parliament,
on the Church Reform Bill, is not yet settled. The main
difference is on the principle of appropriating the sur-
plus revenues of the Church to secular purposes, which
is strenuously resisted by the Tories and the Peers. A
conference was to have taken place the day after the Bri-
tannia sailed.
The Whig or Melbourne Ministry appear to hold their
power by a very precarious tenure. The Tories might
even now dispossess them by a little management, but
dare not hazard the experiment, fancying that the nation
is not yet ripe for it.
Lord Ponsonby, the British Ambassador at Constanti-
nople, is to be recalled, and his place supplied by Sir
Frederick Laitib, now Ambassador at Vienna. The late
difference with the Reis Effendi is the cause of the recall
of Lord Ponsonby.
FntANcE.-M. Arimand Carrel, principal Editor of the
National, died on the 24th of July, of a wound received
it a duel. His death created a great sensation in Paris.
Tie London Morning Chronicle remarks:-
He was alitoet the only one of those distinguished
writers who raised the French against Charles X., and
accomplished the revolution of 1830, that continued his
humble though honorable profession. One of his co-edi-
tors of that period is Prime Minister. His brothers of
the political pen had all long since grown into Prefects,
Ambassadors, Secretaries, and Councillors of State. Car-
rel alone, true to the democratic principle which he first
adopted, and to that he rigidly adhered, was in 1836 pre-
cisely what and where he was in 1830. His ideas of
republicanism weie not exaggerated, being of the Ameri-
caii school, and as such were repudiated by perhaps the
greater niniber of those styling themselves republicans
in France. But such was the ascendency of his charac-
ter, that lie was respected and looked up to as a leader by
those who differed widely front him; and even his direst
political antagonists join in the universal regret excited by
the premature death of one so highlly gifted and so full of
promise."
Louis Phillippe was at last persuaded to postpone the
grand review of troops oi the 29th of July, and the other
observiances in honor of the Revolution of the Three
Days, in deference to the apprehensions of those around
him that' his life would again hbeattempted. It was with
great difficulty that he was kept? within the walls, of the
Tiileries.
The prosecutions against the press and for political
offences are carried on with determined spirit. A marked
ferocity has been infused into the political fends of Paris
since the affair of Alibeaud, which will not easily be over-
conic. We -shall look to every arrival for-the news of
another attempt on the life of the Citizen King.
General Bugeaud, commanding .the French forces in
.\I|; African chief, Abdel Kader. The action occurred July
9th, between Tremecen and the Tafiua, and was obstinate.
The Arab infantry was entirely destroyed, and their total
loss 1000; of these, 500 had their heads cut off by the
Donarcs, who lashed the same as trophies to their horses'
saddles: there were 118 prisoners and 6 standards. Abdel
Kader received two wounds, and had a horse killed. Gen.
Bugeaud refused to make a treaty with him, and went in
pursuit of him.
. Such is the good feeling that subsists between .the Eng-
lish and American residents in Paris, that a large body of










GENERAL NEWS. 39t


them agreed to act in concert in congratulating the King
on his late escape. At a preliminary meeting, a committee
was named to prepare the address, consisting of two
Americans, Mr. Niles of Vermont, and the Rev. Mr. Mil-
ton of Virginia; and two Englishmen, Sir Robert Steele,
and Mr. Mortimer. A joint deputation was afterwards
named, consisting of twelve Americans and twelve Eng-
lishmen, together with Admiral Sir Sidney Smith, as pre-
sident. Besides Mr. Niles and Mr. Milton, there were
on the part of America, Mr. Draper and Mr. Carnes of
New York, Mr. Soley of Massachrisetts, Mr. Clark of
Philadelphia, Mr. Eustis of the U. S. Army, Mr. McLeod
and Mr. Barnes of North Carolina, Mr. Henry Middleton
of South Carolina, Mr. Urquhart and Mr. Cannonge of
I ouisiana. Since the late attempt upon the King's life,
the notice sent from the palace for the reception of such
deputations has been extremely short, so that there were
necessarily some absentees ; but those who arrived in time
were extremely well received; and though. nothing was
said in the address of the late differences between France
and the United States, the King in his answer made a
pointed allusion to the subject, and after acknowledging
the hospitality he had met with during his residence in
America, he rejoiced he said at the restoratioml of friendly
intercourse between the two countries, which it was always
his most anxious desire should never have been interrupt-
ed; and now that a good understanding was happily
renewed, lie assured the deputation that lie would do every
thing in his power to insure its continuance.
'SrPAN.-From the confused and contradictory accounts
from this distracted and miserable country, we gather that
the cause of Don Carlos is in the ascendant, and that the
throne of the infant Queen totters to its fall. The cha-
racter and conduct of the Queen Regent, her mother, ap-
pears to have.much to do with this state of things; while
the irresolute and vacillating course of the Government
can scarcely be accounted for on any other hypothesis
than'that of treachery in her councils. Gun. Cordova can
be no less than a most execrable traitor. Without an im-
mediate and energetic intervention on the part of France
arid England, we now look for the establishment of Dou
Carlos oon the throne of Ferdinand, and a revival of the
reign of monkery, priestcraft, and the Inquisition.
Oneof the Madrid correspondents of the London Times
gives the following melancholy picture of the affairs of
Spain:
The miserable intrigues of the Afranicesados and of the
unlucky ministry of Isluriz and Co. have nearly comple-
ted the ruin of Spain; for, while they blindfold the Queen,
while the treasury is empty, while the army is disorgan-
ized, while the soldiers are beyond the control of disci-
pline, while the liberal party isalmoststupified, the Carlists
and the marauding factious bai Is are makinggiantstrides.
Since the incomprehensible re reat of Cordova, after hisi
sucesstful movements across tle Ariaban mountains, and
since his still more incomprehensible dallyinig in this city,
where lie frittered away the best mouth for campaigning,
the Carlists have sent out four swarms, which lie appears
to have so appositely given them time to prepare.
The elections lire of such a kind that it is not possible
to form an adeurate judgment of their results until after
the meeting of the Cortes; for it is not easy to decide
what course the new deputies will adopt. Besides being
elected for Madrid, Mendizabal has been returned at tlel
head of the polls at Cadiz and Malaga.
The Jornial die Paris of Saturday evening contains the
following announcement:-" Advices from Cornina, of
the 24th, state that Gomez, who had reached Santiago on
the'l th, lad left it on the following day,'and that seeing
himself surrounded on all sides, aud badly received by
the inhabitants, lie had thought proper to, retreat, and re-
cross the Minho. His troops are in- the worst possible
condition."
The news of thl entry of the. Carlist General Gonmez
into Santiago, of Couipostella, is to-day officially confirim-
ed. He entered it oni the 18th. Hle is now-said to have
evacuated it on the 19th, and in his forced retreat to have.
crossed the Minho, a river which passes thr'iigh Lugo and
Qreuse, and a little lower down forms tlie Ii.. %,, i,.l ...
between Portugal and Spain. .
It appears that in. order to reach Galicia, and J.._ei-
tlhe Q.iieen's General in pursuit of hlim, Gomesa 1i,.i
obliged to take to the S. W., as was at first supposed, but
that lie marched directly fur Lugo. Onil the 15th, lie ar-
rived in the vicinity of that town, crossed the Mimhto
within sight of it, did not attempt to enter the place, slept
that night at the distance of a league and a half thereof,
on the road to Santiago, which lie entered oii the 18th,
without any obstacle, leaving behind him the Queen's
General, froul whom he had always been a day's march in
advance.
The Captain-General of Galicia (Latre) arrived on the
16th at Lugo, where he was joined, in the evening of the
same day, by the division of Espartero. On the 17th, the
latter set out by tlie Santiago road to follow Gomez, and
Latre, marched in the direction of Orense, "to occupy


the bridges and passages of the Minho, in case the Carlist
column attempted to fall back from Santiago on Orense."
These are the very words of General Espartero's despatch,
dated Logo, 17lh.
I Two Carlist expeditions had been despatched on Arra-
gon and Castile-and it was apprehended that one object
of these movements, was to make an attack on Valladolid.
Subsequent accounts stated that the troops had been met,
and dispersed among the mountains.
LATER FROM FRANCE.
The packet ship Sully, Capt. Forbes, arrived on Tues-
day from Havre. We have received by her Paris journals
to the 1st, and Havre to tke 2d August.
Correspondence of the New-Yorke r.
raRIS, Jiiuly 30, 1836.
My Dear Sir-Paris is never destitute of incidents, either
pleasant or painful. The con munity of Liberals has met
with a disastrous loss in the demise of one of its most distin-
guished champions ; and all parties mourn for one of the
purest citizens of France. Armand Carrel, Editor of Le
National,' has fallen in a duel.. A political controversy had
been carried on with great bitterness for some time between
Carrel and the Editor of La Presse,' which ultimate in a
challenge and a meeting of the respective parties. Carrel
received the ball of his antagonist in the lower part of his ab-
domen, through the groin, at the same time that he wounded
his opponent in the thigh. He was placed under the attend-
ance of the first surgeons of Paris, but their efforts were On-
availing, and he expired three days after the encounter, in a
state of partial delirium. The impressions of his political
career were identified with his last moments, and were not
subdued even when that noble intellect had lost the directing
judgement which contributed so efficiently to liberate. France
fiom a Bourbon tyranny, and to erectasuperstructure of libe-
ral principles. He died a firm adherent to the institutions of
liberty-a victim to their defence-a victim to th; code of
honor. His last words were, I die in the faith of Benja-
min Constant, Manuel and Liberty !"
Armand Carrel was a pupil of tle same political school
with La Fayette. He had studied the American Constitu-
tion ; he had seen the happy developments of that Constitu-
tion in the unlimited prosperity of the country ; and he burn-
ed with ardent patriotism to witness the establishment of a
similar fabric which should confer a like condition of felicity
upon his native land. He was in the foremost rank of patri-
ots that resisted the ordinances of Charles X.; his pen was
untiringly devoted to achieve the liberty of thlle press ; and
his eloquence was urged with irresistible power in arousing
the dormant energies of the people of France. He spoke not,
he wrote not. in vain. The Revolution of Three Days" is

incorporated with history, and with it the name of Carrel.
Afterwards came the patigs of disappointment ; his antici-
pations were but dreams, and his ideal of a republic was
merged in the regal government of Louis Phillippe. With
La,FEayette, lie abandoned the throne, and uindeviatingly pur-
...a the principles of the Opposition which marked the conm-
,,e.,cement of his political life. If the present indications of
public opinion are to be relied on, the existing form of gov-
ernment and its policy is the best devised to coalesce the dis-
tracted elements of conflicting parties, and to secure to the
people of the Grand Nation the harmony of sentiment and
durability of peace which the contending interests of several
dynasties have so long interrupted. If this is a verity, and
the rights of the people have not bcen again trampled upon,,
as his been -assumed with great vigor by the Opposition,
Carrel, patriot as ie truily was. was mistaken in his estima-
tion, of the characteristics of the laws of Louis Phillippe.-
But-ie was honest: an honest man's the noblest work of
G;..,,'-and no one dared to impugn the motives which regu-
I ,lml his course of conduct amid the difficulties which have
been made to circumvent the press of Paris. In the bitter-
ness of party spirit, he was respected-' and nowy that -hir
grave has closed over him, the voice of lamentation is heard,
and all press forward. to honor hini who would never sacri-
lice his opinions for office or any of the emoluments of the
throne, and died as he had lived, an uncorrupted republican.
Pending the doubtful issue of the wound Carrel had re-
ceived, the most lively demonstrations of solicitude were
manifested by numbers of .most eminent men that thronged
his residei.ce. Chateaubriand, an attach to the House-of.
Bourbon, and who would not recognize the government of


July, even:left his country residence, at some distance from
Paris, to make personal inquiry after the prospective condi-
tion of an opponent particularly hostile to the political senti-
ments he advocated himself. It was the homage of one in-
tellectual spirit to another. It was a proud complimefit to
the unsullied integrity and brilliant talents of Armand Carrel.
Berangcr the poet, whose inspiration was directed by the
Genius of Freedom, and kindled the holy flame of human in-
dependence ini the bosoms of his countrymen, was one of the
warm admirers of Carrel. He travelled far, veryfar, to offer
the sympathy of a compatriot. His tears mingled with the
witnesses of the dead. His harp, when attuned ,'with the
mournful chords of his heart, will play in 'sorrowful numbers
the dirge of his friend.
The funeral obsequies of Carrel were observed with great
ceremony, and were not a mockery or idle pageantry that
too often, signalizes the sepulture of the great.. His,-friends
have already determined to erect a superb monument to his
memory, for which a large sum has been subscribed. But a
marble tablet is not necessary t.:. p. ..i .r ar-1 h.. name of Ar-
mand Carrel so long as Liberty has an existence.
The predictions of my last letter, in reference to the ex-
pressions of opinion concerning the execution of Alibaud,
have been partially verified. The discontented have made
the most active use of all the available incidents connected
with the affair to stimulate the opponents of the present or-
der of things to attempt some new design, which might sub
vert the government of Louis Phillippe. Their. immediate
efforts have been frustrated, but -their determination is not
quelled, and Time alone can determine whether their hostil-
ity is to be extinguished short of the life of the King, ursless
a new policy is adopted which will prove more agreeable to
their feelings than the present.
The fetes of July-of the memorable Three Days-were
to have been celebrated with. surpassing splendor. 'On the
third day, the grand triumphal arch-' L'Arc de Triomphe
de I'Etode'-cornmenced by Napoleon to perpetuate the vic-
tories of the Fiench armies, and just finished by Louis Phil-
lippe, was to have been exposed to the public amid the most
imposing ceremonies. All the surviving officers of the grand
armne were to have officiated as the body-guard of the King,
who was to have been situated uider one of the minor arches
,of the Grand Arih, to assist in .the celebration, and to review
the great procession that would have passed before him-uiider
the stupeiidousjarch of the centre. The arrangements were
proceeding with great activity-all Paris was alive with ex-
citement at the prospective celebration-anid the nmot:ument
of the mighty Napoleon and af French glory was to be pla-
ced before the nation. A few days before the fetes, an order
was issued troum the throne to countermand the arrangements
already prescribed. The arch was to be uncovered without
ceremony, and the grand review of two hundred thousand
troops was not to take place. No explanations were offered.
The .journals surmised and suggested the existence .of a
great impending danger, and the people were stupified.-
Every thing was wrapped in mystery. Knots of people were
e hi r.. .1 in every part of Paris ; and there was not a form of
plot, from the first to the last one ever invented, that was
not mi..:...,li. of. Some attributed it to the King's fear of the
National Guard, because he had not complied with their re-
quest to liberate ill persons guilty o'political offences. Oth-
ers declared that a large space around the triumphal arch had
been mined, and that it was intended to involve the arch,
.the King, and the people, in a general destruction. These
impressions were,not relieved by the numerous arrests which
were constantly occurring, amounting in all to nearly two
hundred.
The ?-roblem has been finally solved. The life of Louis
F llihprlc n i menaced, and in a manner that would not have
.been conceived of elsewhere than in France.. The veterans
of the Frenich armies, who were to have surrounded the
King, had tickets presented them by which'alone ihey could
obtain admission within the circuit of the arch. Au associa-
tion of th& admirers of Fieschi and Alibaud, who' had deter-
mined to avenge their deaths, fastened upon the idea bf attir-
ing themselves in the same kind ofdresses worn by the vete-
rans, and, to gain admission within the circuit, .forged a num-
hber of tickets. It was their. intention to' have mixed.among
the veterans until a favorable opportunity offered for closing










spon tile King in a body, and to terminate his life in any
manner that circumstances would permit. As if under the
guidance of Providence, one of the forged tickets fell intt
the hands of one of the Ministers, which ultimately led to
the detection of the entire plot. A day of rejoicing was to
have been converted into one of mourning. The sad recol-
Jections of another year are fresh before the King in all the
vividness of the present. His life is of too much value to
France to b6 taken away ; and he felt its importance to be
sufficiently great to avoid a useless exposure of his roya
person. The celebration, as originally designed, was con-
sequently abandoned. : ,
I have not time to give you a full description of the rem-
nants.of the fete by this packet. The first of the Three Days
passed away without the slightest variation from the ordinary
gaiety of Paris.' During the morning of the second, a fune-
ral service, in commemoration oi the cruel massacre of last
July, was performed on a scale of grand magnificence in the
Hotel des Invalides. The third day partook more of the
character of a great celebration ; and, although inferior in
most respects to the same day of previous years, there was
enough to satisfy me that the French people are better 'ac-
qiainted with the art of display than our good citizens across
the Atlantic. GEftALD.
The total concealment of the King from the public eye,
the precautions taken to prevent dangerous characters
approaching even the entrance to the palace, and the, ar-
rests making by the police, still fill a prominent place ini
the French jortrnals. A Paris newspaper, La Paix, says:
1" Many-reports, some of then contradictory, are in cir-
culation oa the subject of the arrests that have been iade.
The t1hlowing facts are derived from a source deserving
of credit, and are, we believe, true.
SAbout ten days ago, the police were informed that a
main, whose nature we have not heard, iiitended to assassi-
oite the King. The mian wasimmediately arrested. lHe
did not hesitate to avow his criminal design, and even en-
tered into the greatest details ais to the means lie intended
to employ to carry his designs into execution. His intien-
tionw asto take a place in the ranks oflthe NationalGuards,
throw his iielf ioni the King and stab hitu.
bei ling asked whether ie liad any accomplices, his
reply was, It have btt one, and I have no objection I'
name him, because I know that he will be highly gratil:-.1
by sharing my fate, whatever that may abe:' and lie t'..
gave the name of his accomplice, and the spot where I.
could be found. The Police immediately wentf there I-I
found a man who offered nio resistance, and who avow-i
that his intention was to kill the King by stabbing himt
"These circumstancesappearso extraordinary, that 1 a
difi.-'lt to bh.. levethemn. They have however been related
oii i; y1 p..r nne whom we have every reason to believe
well informed.
It is also said that a young man residing generally at
Rouen. arrived at Paris about the 15th of this mouth.
Some days ago he called on his tincle to request himn to
lend him his uniform of the National Gnard. On receiv-
ing a iefiial, lie persisted with so much earnestness in his
requ st, that lie at last excited the suspicions of the uncle,
who knew that his nephew entertained the most extrava-
gant republican opinions. On severely questioning him,
the youeig man at last confessed that lie was netber of a
society who had determined on killirig the King, and that
it had fallen to his lot to strike the blow, Not being able
to persuade him to renounce his criminal project. tlhe
uncle determined to inform the police of it, whoi dimme-
diately arrested the young fanatic. He has been inter-
rogated, aid till now has persevered inl a total denial of
the charge.
SJudicial proceedings are, it is said, already instituted
againstthese individuals."
Was there ever such extraordinary frenzy as seems t.I
hive Feized a part of the French people?
.STte fevrnal du Havre of the Wd August, also contains
ti eir -u th of the death of Mr. Nathan M..Rothschild, op
Lodoin. lat Frankfort. It could not have biees copied
from the London papers, as. it only appeared there on mel
day previous. Probably, however, a report of his de;.m.l
ala, reached Fraince, in consequence of his seve-re illness.
Letters froui Madrid, stated to be from a milnitterial
ourIMe, in date of thle 24th nnd 25th July, sLiy that on I...
evening ofhd I'2.l, intelligence reached Madrid that the
greatest panlic reigned at Granja, the suinntuer residence of
the Queen, in consequence of rumors which had rental it
there, of the arrival of the Carlists at Arriaza, tl" '.r
twelve leagues distant; and that her .Majesty lfd w.e.ri
immediate orders for her dp'artnrelo Madrid. A co-iiii i
of troops was instantly despatched towards the threatened
point and to allay the general uneasiness which prevailed.
A Bulletin was issued on the following 'day, stating that
the enemy had retrogaded as soon as they learned the ad-
vanice of the comlini of the garrison. Considerable dis-
Ctl es ; it'i ithio dtti.g ,sii:-i td in the capital, and were


THE NEW-YORKER.

only quelled by the firmness of General Quesada. Two The plague continues to make fearful ravages in- Maeg-
e or three men who uttered seditious cries, were killed in nesia. The number of victims is stated at more than
the night by the National Guards. [Courier: 12,000 of whom eleven thousand were '1'rks. Conster-
Si_-'s.-By the arrival at Boston of the ship Empire, nation reigns in that cily : there is iot a house, nor amin-
from Trieste and Gibraltar, we learn that the condition of ily, but has to deplore thle loss of some of its inembers.-
the kingdom is represented to be unsettled and even alarm- Oni the contrary, we learn 'that the plague has ceased at
-_. g Th 1'le populace in Madrid and other principal, cities Metelin.
are discontented and weary of the protracted war. In
the suburbs of the capital their discontent had occasioned Fast FLORIIA.-A proof sheet from the office of the
riots and bloodshed. In Segovia it had been necessary to Charleston Courier, dated the 28th tilt. announces the ar-
adopt strong measures, to seeuie the city against coup de rival there of the sclir. George and Mary, Capt. Willey,
Smanti. from Jacksonville. Capt. WV. conimnunicates the followiing
-Mnia has issued a proclamation, threatening piniishmen' information, obtained by him from the express rider, who
to the inhabitants of the towns and villages, which may in arrived at Black Creek, 222d August : "A detachment of
future assist the enemy, or comply with their reqnisit:ons I!0 men, under command of Major Pierce, having infor-
Sor supplies, unless they can prove.that the enemy's supe- mation that the Indians were in their vicinity, went in
nor numbers left them no chance of successful opposition pursuit ofthem. On arriving at Gen. Clinch's plantation
or resistance. they found 300 Indians, with about 100 horses hobbled,
At Malaga. on tlie fight of thie 26th July a massacre of and 300 head of cattle; the Indians were immediately
the civil and military governors of that place took place, attacked and repulsed, after a battle of one hour. The
which resulted ill the complete triumph of the partisans whites ihad one killed owing to his horse taking fright, and
of M1. Mendizabal. running in the mnidst of the Indians, and 16 wounded.
It seems that the partizans of the royal statute, and of The Indian loss was 10 left dead on the field, their wound-
the formnner prime minister, M. Mendizabal, had respect- ed they carried off. The Indians retreated to a hamniock
ively made out lists of candidates to the Cortes, which was as usual: they immediately rallied and pursued the whites
to convene in August. Although they were defeated in to within two miles of Micanopy when they left. Major
the capital, the former were successful in other towns in Pierce was making preparations to attack them on the
the electoral district. On this news reaching Malaga, the following day.
adherents of Mendizabal made preparations for a revolu- A -On Tuesday oug, bt o a
tionary mloviment. They succeeded in corrupting the Accident.-On tuesday morning, about 9 o'clock, a
military, eight hundred meim, recently brought to Mjalaga small sail boat capsized in Buttermilk Chandnel with three
to cause the authority of the governors to be respected, ladiesand three gentlemen on board. One of the ladies,
who were both known to be firm supporters of the royal named Miss Barnes, 16 years of age, was drowned, but.
statute, and, in consequence had been repeatedly insulted by tihe timely assistance of William Clark, Whitehall
by the populace.. On the evening of the 25th, the National boatman, the rest were saved, but in a very weak state.
Guards took umbrage at some change, which it was re- The wind blowing very fresh at the time, they were taken
ported the military governor intended to introduce ; rein- to Governor's Island : supposed to be natives of England,
forced the detachment on duty at the main guard, and as recently arrived. ''the names of the saved are Edward
the crowds began to collect in the strecots, ordered the gen- Niclnl, 1Thol ms Roberts, A rct'd. Hardy, Mrs. Ricltrde,
rate to be beat. aud Mrs. Hardy ; the two latter ladies are very low at tle
The military governor, a vet'iran covered with scars, Hospital on the Island. [Gazette.
whose valor has.been often tested in .the lield, immediately Murder in VWest Jerscy.-We learn froin the Bridgeton
proceeded to the main guard, accomppniied only by ;in Whig, that an inquest was held by Joseph Goff, Esq. at the
aid-de-camip-and exclaimed, Gentlemen what is this'? house (f Joseph Mason, near East. Creek, Cape May county,
What is the meaning of such strange '*proceedings?" on Sunday last, over the body of Nathan Camp, who was
Upon which one of the National Guard who. btood near killed the previous evening in a drunken frolic. The jury
hbn, presented a pistol, which, howel ,.. -..l,..1 ,it the returned a verdict. that the said Nathan Camp came to his
pau. I: Pistols i;o not frighten ime," t '.:I ,,,d Iri,: vcle- death from blows, &c. oui the head and body, from one Wil-
ra:,;, and entering the guard rooni, lie called loudly for as- liant Mason as principal, and Samuel Mason and Aaronit
distance. Some of the guards immediately levelled their lqore as icces.saies, Nho have been takt.n, through thevigi-
imuskets at him.-" National Guaids," cried the governor, lance of tle citizens, and safely lodged in the county jail to
"is thim, the way you reward the victory I obtained at Pui'- thecitr trial. l [Gazette.
elite de laReynar?" He was answered by a discharge of,
muskets, and his body was afterward run through in: I1ia. Henry Clay lately had a marvellous escape from
twenty places by the bayonets of the National Guard-. death: Heowas riautig on horseback in one of his fields, scr-
In the mean time, the civil governor, the distinguished vying his cattle, when a furious bull, maddened from some
Count Donadio, hearing the general beat, repaired to the cause or other, rushed toward him, and, plunging his horns
convenit where the troops were quartered, and ptit himself with, i. ,.. ...,: force into the'lhorse on which Mr. Clay
at their head ; but lie soou found that they were not to be. was s. ,.r- l .ii.,.j the poor animal on the spot. The distin-
depended upon in a contest with the National Guard. guished rider was thrown to the distance of several feet fiomi
And upon the approach of a large body of National Lan- his horse, but, though somewhat hurt by the fall, scaledd
cars shouting loudly The constitution forever!" .Death without material injury., His deliverance was truly miiracu-
to tyrants !" Death to the 'asteleros !"-(seemilg loans.
frietds but real foes to libert )-" Down with the royal gl,-tieanded Robber.-Ori Friday flight last, Mr. B. F.
statute!" &c.-he retired within the walls of the convent, Wioo, of this place, was robbed il Madisoi. Inidiana, of
and ordered the gates to be closed. A lirge body of the i -'1.40 i ankti bills', by two vill|aim., who, it is beievd,
insurgents now collected, beating drum is, aring rmw ticts, Sdote a oii the ,e asi e b t, ami uvmit il sies eatle asin
and uttering obstreperous cries of "' Down with the re- Ie m thie wi th Mr. W b. or i express purpose of commitesng
public! !&c. A short parley being held between this tih e totwra g. he .had left the moat tir t a few o iiintes.
regular troops and the National Gnard, the former left the (aoiet S90 oloc ) iehi le was .. t h ati., 1a ind
convent and joined the insurgents, shoutira g Union lor about 9n gasoed A' le two liers above mie itioed.
ever!"-and oni pointing oa t to the Guard tihe governor, Thie- t, he ild I il, pock ts anC mae o mll They lso neek
who was attempting to make escape, disguised itn the '.. f-ro- heim t valuable L patent lever silver, walch, liTasin tie
f a co mmon soldier, lie Was instantly shot (lead, ait l.ut itl of Idha mlamlte tet lhle uti wa*f tihe ian he ru. i
body dragged intore the Iublic isqare, Iwhere it v.t.-.. -' I- .,I ar atre I nof 0.I tle m inie u rl.
ilintill ti e next itwi niig i g. !-for tlhe u toiev alone. [ Ciicilinati !' l .'.
On thie 26th instant, the con ititittimnit of 181 ., i s- t '. se n d a n o at .u-.
soleunmly proclaimed and worn to, aund i new ljnui, a tr Stea iabo.t Aeccidlcrt.-Thie rleaitl,'at E'eiald. Cp ltain
I board o government. established, The president fi w'hicl n Vlls. s-ti- ruiin ito nit Tuesday light. about JO o'cludel,
was the same cot'iiandant of carabineers, who presided niear Butter Hill, in thle Highla;nds. by a sehlooner. The
liver tIe provisional one. Thi new governor hatd forcibly binwsprit of the Echooiaer went tliroual the boat, tind br-
recomtmuiended the mainutene aof' te public trantquili, lor Te oIrof the old be srp>ara ted, was ..i li,-. .. i be sowed ofl.
tGnEEct .-Al ost the whole population iof tih Pe lope 'he Enterald, thougli fillithg rapidly with water, was run
iness ii under armies, eis seminated at all points, not under ashtoe in setison tie save tle lives oif' ite pisseinge s.
the ineiutece of leaders or the spirit oh' party, ulat from Fortuiiately the Norhi America had been detained in
liostili yt tise binational Got'.erImeitt. His Mqajesiy' le- New-Vork behind her hour of starting, uind came along in
uirn is prayed for, that hlie may establishh hi lii ltiii ,eower, seonr, to extenid relief litoi llie Emerald and her paiisingeue,
nd govern Greece biy the assistance of a conuicil. Sir E. iity of vhliom were standing wutist. high in the water.
Lyons aitd M. 1Linugrene, the Elglish aid Freunch Charge [Albainy Evening Journal.
dhes Afihres, hed then just returned fhromt Catidia. T Zcsill Gazette s e ilowig -Althug
\ battle, had taken place between the Greco-Tturk.c .' tte Ztness'ville Gatiti hl i ohasiH uit I lioloin Ahtt of, euhibumi
Amount Oly'iinus and Eatiti Pacha, in which the "It ter pp'' -e the tasmiinmt Is tuth too binllch, wale itllt lost, tIu
-1'fetated. lie was am tEie head of 4,000 men ; ihlie G reco- soe'. ill tine dept i' towhei i sith weticytil o ostie iitiui
I tiurks had ottly o600. tiom It is II o at, ie I tluovv i sethet the enhdory rienetis its-va
ToTusxrv.-ITe plague was prevailhig at Smu rnu tion beai Forsedu. -
the 24th Jutne but only slightly. lit spite of the prejudi- r
cos of Musuilmten, timeans art' adopted to prevent tind iro isT.e hookis for the capital stock oif the Coniunercial hank
that disease. A steamboat runs regularly to Grecce, and of O'swvegi, closed with a subscription of $1,470.000,-
a newspaper is established at Athenis called "Greeco Re- about six tiice this amoutinit of the capital! autioized by
generated." the charter.













SL I TE R A R Y--- O i E t T IC. 397


NEW-YORK.

TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Song of the Seminole" (I.) is under consideration.
The Sleeping Child" also requires another perusal,
"Lines" IL. i.) are gratefully received.
tanzas to A. H." (S. P.) ore roepectfulzy declined. They are not in1-
tiler bible; but we have a great dealof barely endurable rhyma mark-
ed for publication already. PENN Y August
Messrs. Editors-I ee by your last Nuw-Yorker' a a delicate hint'
to the would-be author of "Sir Cupid," which I had expected. The
. poetry was not sent by me with the expectation of its being published,
but as it has been done, and tile editorial remarks which followed it, 1
think it is due to you that I should give my inducements for Ao doing.
I sent a poetical piece to a literary periodical published in Roclhes-
ter, and being ai constant reader of your valuable paper was much
supprised at seeing three stanzas of nmy poetry, introduced amid oth-
ers in the New-York as original uand signed by a factitious signature,
and yont publishing Sir Cupid and the remarks in your last riftering to
it, was and will be I hope a gentle hint' to the piugrist whose name is
not unknown to me, and if desired is at your disposal. I have been
honored so far as to have other pieces of mny original productions pub-
lished by you under another signature. you call therefore appreciate
my motive, if it be not infringing on your kindness, I should be very
happy to have the above inserted. Very respectfully yours &c.
"Yates Co. Academy, Petn, Yan, : Y. W."
So it seems that Mr. W." has practis.ed this paltry imposition upon
us because lie has seen, or pretends to have, seen, that others have
done so, by which he pretends to have been a sufferer. Somebody
has stolen his rhymes, (we don't believe it-if hie could writs verse
at all, lie could write an ordinary note grammatically, which lie has
not done in this instance,) and imposed them on us as origin l-
whereupion lie 'manifests at becoming indignation by stealing .....
worth a dozen such, and playing the same pitiful game. We '. .
no words to waste on such it gentleman, and only desire him to ,. I
out four way in future. da.

The Knickerbocker,"furSeptember.-AAmonoug the magazines for the
current month, we recognize our valuable and ever welcome neighbor,
Knickerbocker, which deserves much praise for being so prompt in
its appearance, upon the first day of the month, thus affording us ample
leisure to read, digest and pronounce upon the many excellent arti-
cles which grace its pages.
Acquisition of the Greelk Language," the opening paper for this
month, is an analysis of Greek litti'ature, and its adaptation, or rather
importance, as a branch of EduCcation. Differing as we do from Il,.
writer, in his view of the necessity of the study of this order of lit.c-
ature, and believing that economy in the range of education will not
permit us to neglect our own and the living languages generally, to
delve into the dead, and, inl our opinion, not materially useful ,..-
guages, stillwe admit thie plausibility of his theory, and agree v ii.
him in the assertion, that a knowledge of Greek gives to literature its
refinement, and improves our taste, but upon the score of common
utility, we beg leave to enter a veto.
The Siege of Antioch," Part II., is in keeping with the preceding
chapters, which we pronounced excellent, and have found ., r.. ....,,
to change our'opinion in the perusal of the continuiation.
The Escape: a ''ale of the Sea," by the author of Jack Marlin-
spike's Yarn, is an admirably drawn nautical sketch, better thl .. i.
Yarn,' inasmuch as it is free from thle grossness of language ,** *.
formed a too prominelit feature in that otherwise recherche i.,,. I.
The writer promises to become a popular contributor to our floating
literature.
Familiar 'Sketches of Life in Flotida," is continued willi spirit.
Orsoi' holds a ready pen, and paints life in the South-West in colors
trte, bhilut by ino Ieans alluring.
Orysithichnology Dtfended," ly Professor HIitchcock, is c, ,....
to an article int the June number of this magazine, wherein ih- ...n-i
,pion of this queer named science is handled rather personally by at,
opponent of his text. In the present paper, the Professor rather re-
plies to the personal charges of his antagonist, than strengthens liid
early position. If his &reek is bad, let liin .eschew it, and not i, I,,.
its defence a matter for public investigation.
S"1The Portico" is thl Introduction toa series of essays, miscellaneous,,
moral and political. We anticipate iuiciusound reading here, judging.

." ""' J" 1.... i .. y of a Idte ConnccUliit Schoolmaster," .
vors of a shrewd Down-Easter.' We will not, however, attempt Lt
ceass the author, until we see how lie wears.
SLetters from Palmyra," No. 7. We would advise the author o
translator to make a book of these papers at the close of the ,
They require no colament.
-' Talking vs. Conversation"-a grave hit at the follies of the ...-
iatrsperbed with .niiy ingenioneis iallusions to grelt, men, aind .
I'iirctifl arguinelils upon tlTe [ pr)iseilt faulty nlImoush operandi' (I ...
vecrsation.. .
T Tbi fcitiis of Conlsuiiptnit"a Ti' i inidinirbelfde sl feeling -I I I
of tilhe ravnge ifd thii dread malady. The incidents are highly we..,.. .
audi painfully interesting.
Ami now we; come to, Ollapod !" For fourteen consecutive nmo:thfl
has he, at his coming, evoked the spirit of ntirth from its. sluinhber
and made us smile whether we felt disposed to duo so or not; but J .oh
Oaipod is scarcely himself at present. Hais lisatriilnoy wrought thl(
didfirelic, ?'' We Iru.-I not; and yet his wit does not i.t so ugraeefuil;
upon his page :is it wits wont to do. The Sas aenges' story is a \l s\t
of tlhe real Ollapod. The Shiptwrcrk oni the Cuinal won't do. Probably
when the effervescence of his present feelings shall have subsjidtd, O0-
lapod will be himself again, und with this hope, we shall iipulltieitld
await his next number.
Of the poetry of this month, some is excellent, much indiffireit.
Among the best, we notice To the Breeze, after a protracted calm a;
Sea," by XW. Gilmore Simms; The Breeze in the Desert," by Miar3
A. Browne, (written in the spirit of Mrs. hiemtans, but no fear of rival-1
ry i) 1 Thg Fall of the Alamo," (a spirited poem-why does not the


author avow himself?) The American Soldier's Song," (short, but
piquant;} "Spring," by Percival, and the Vision of Death," by J
H. Bright. The aforementioned are pretty-over the rest, we cast the
mantle of charity.
The Literary Notices and Editor's Table are, as u;ual, independent
in tone and dignified in criticism. The Knickeri'ocker rarely stoops
In its view of men and things.
Ou parting, we express our hope thatthe publishers will fully I'ui;
a reward for the spirited enterprise which characterizes their move-
ments ; 'and it is with pleasure we learn, that they are sailing along the
current of good opinion, with a strong breeze and a full sail. F.
Tales of Fashion and Realily."-Philadelphia, Carey & Hart-
New-York, C. Shepard, 189-Broadway.
To paint scenes, connected with High Life in England, seems to gov-
ern the thousand and one writers who start up annually, publish their
labors, and then resign themselves to the short-lived popularity that
rallies to their support, and lasts-until a new author takes the field,
upon whom the same degree of favor is ungrudgingly bestowed. By-,
ron's idea of authiorship-
-'"Tis pleasant sure to see one's name in print,
A book's a book, although there's nothing in 't'"-
seems to actuate the world to change its original position, and they
who formerly read, now write, while those who have been wrecked
upon thi shallows of book-making, sit (down calmly and read, and as
-they read, puzzle themselves with conjectures why many books are
printed, or whether when printed they are read.
These rehiarks do not strictly apply to the Tales before us, but they
evidently were written to pack a volume, anti we may naturally ima-
gine that time Miss Beauclerks were as intent oil writing much, as wri-
ting well. Not but that some of the tales are good in theirway, and all
are passable, yet take the work as a whole, and we think it an ill-sort-
ed collection of- very indifferently written articles, that might do in a
third rate magazine, or serve to till up a spare column of a second
class weekly.-The work is one volume, 12nuo. and embraces sixteen
tales. r.
The Parricide-A Novel-By the Author of 3i -., .' -_, .:, ..I.
umnes-Is also a Philadelphia publication, and is to be had at Shepard's.
The- remarks appended to our notice of Tales of Fasluonhand Re-
.1., ,' will apply most forcibly to this work, with a slight change in the
features of those reflections. The dressing-up of table-talk, chit-clat,
andl fashionable life may be tolerated, because innocent in effect, but
the profligate tendencies of -such a work as The Parricide' should
,.r :urni....itreason for its utter condemnation. Miserrimus was
*,1 ....., ..j ... all conscience,'but this second child of a diseased brain
is even worse, and, despite the vigor of its style, and the occasional
pathos that breathes through some few of its chapters, should be left
to moulder on the shelves ofthe publisher. The history of a son
seeking the life of a father, of a father exulting in maimingand other-
wise torturing his child, the dressing up of passions, inhumane and
iendishi, with other improbable details, are in execrable taste. In the
first place, their reality is beyond the power of ally mind to believe,
.iud in the second place, granting that human life could furnish such
horrible evidences of debasement and crime, thie world should not be
placed in possession of the fact, as no good, but much of evil, would
result to the tottering principles of thle reader, tending at least to do-
unralizo his own heart, in proportion to the knowledge ,. .... .... ..
the darker passions of his fellows. Inm doubting the utility of such a
work we take away the only reason why it should be published, nuid it
would be infinitely better for the author of Miserrimus and The Par-
ricide if he would throw aside his pen and study how to exalt the
standard of moral excellence, rather than seek to degrade it, by ad-
ninistering such deleterious food to the already diseased appetite of
thie reading community.-We cannot recommend this work. v.
Complete Practical I.'rr .r '"-f-(,.I,,,, li.. .e & C. .i P...p..1lt
.. just published Th.. *...1.1 -i- P... .- i,,.,i.- t..,. .
,uid familiar Treatise on the Culture of the Suit, Luie aUtj cutl etuidi tile
Garden; the R.earinrBreeding, and Management of every description
u)f Live Stock; the Diseases to which they are subject, and the Reme-
lies'; Directions for the ift, I .: I .., .r of the Dairy; a L,. :. .r.'... 1.r
ilemost useful imalplements of Husbandry; and every i1i... ... .
cessary to time practical Agriculturist," &c. One vol. pp. 508, 12mo.
We have long since remarked that too little attention is paid in thii.
:ounltry-tp agriculture as a science. Every where else the nicest eucon-
,my of s'il and labor is studiedl ; but here, oswing to the abundance andi
lieapness tf land adapted to cultivation, the high price of labor, the
scarcity of laborers, und the general recklessness which cliharacterize,
tlh indisiduutul pursuits, i properly cult ated firmi is .as rure as a silk
ilalut ion or ia vineyard. WeI.trust the extraordii ary increase in then
'alue of lands and of agricultural prollicts which tlhi last few year
tare witnessed is rapidly inducing a corresponding imnprovemment in
i.tlerica n agriculture. T hi'e ... i ..,:... -i .. rl.. ..,,, 11 ... ..........
if labor will suflice to slur m ..r ', ....L. .. *.i ,.. u ,.n h. ,
nuch they caln lie brought to 1,- !.. i ,-.1mhi. l, i.. 1. 1 mill .1
,killful cultivation. Under t i ..... r ,i....' I..... I.1 ,.- .. i r,,. i,
iu Agriculture minut become : .... ... ,,r i ... ,. u ,, 1
heir teachtingl will h io abutlld ... I, 1 .I I .1 .I ., I .l".I I I..- ..I
before, us we Ihave reason to I.. I .... i .. r I i ... I. I I I
ittetulin of' f armluers.
T'hougitts on Religious Eiducation, by Rev. Wtm. Plumnfer of Rich-
nindui, Va.-'This is a neat little volume, containing much sound advice
ipon tie important, but somewhat neglected subject of early instruc-
..ioe, as connected w ith .religious views. It takes an utilitarian view
)f time subject, defines the duty of parents, and examines into the best
mode of inculcating moral principles upon the ripening mind.
It is published by Johnm S.Taylor, coiner of Park Row and Nassau-
streeas, opposite the City Hall. F,.


0S7_We see that Foster, the publisher of the American edition of the
Foreign Reviews, announces a new work-to be issued weekly in num-
bers of 72 pages each. The object, as we understand by his prospec-
tus, is to furnish the standard works of the season in a convenient form
for binding, either separately, or several works in one volume. The
plan Ia a good one, and we doubt not will amply repay the publisher
for his indefatigable enterprise.

Awfud Exposure of the AtraciousPlot formed by certain individuals,
against the Clergy and VNuns of Lower Canada, through the intervention
af Maria lIonk.-So runs the title of a book, purporting to be a refu-
ration of Maria Monk's 'Awful Disclosures;' and as we have not yet
made out an opinion of the degree of credit to be attached to her
publication, we do not like to venture an opinion on this. Those of
our readers, however, who have read the 'charge, should also procure
the refutation, and by comparing notes, the truth maybe elicited. We
see that a sketch of Maria Monk's life is appended-whether true or
false, we, of course, cannot determine. Ran and read Is the order of
the day, and with a recommendation to our renders to adopt the senti-
ment, we drop this Awful Exposure.k F.

Messrs. Saunders & Otley have announced that they will publish,'in
a few days, by the express authority in writing of the author, and on
his own account, a new work by Mr. Bulwer, entitled Cromwell, a
tragedy, and the Duchess de lato Valliere, a play in five 'acts, in one
volume uniform with the'American edition of his former woks '--they
are therefore the only authorized publishers of the same in this cotun-
try. The work is, we understand, one of great beauty; it will. li
issued simultaneously iii both countries by the above named house. *

The Ladies' Mlorning Star" has been enlarged and otherwise im-
proved, tud will hereafter be issued as The Morning Star." It is a
penny paper, but conducted with the strictest regard to morality and
propriety. It ought to be supported, and we trust will be.
The Native American" is the last addition to the ranks of the penny
press of this city. Its peculiar character is indicated by its title.-
Craighead & Allen, 23 Aun-st.

Appointments by the Governoi and Senate, Sept. 1 and 2.
John Willard, Circuit Judge of the Fourth Circuit.
Isaac Vanderpool, Brigade Major, and Inspector of the
7th Brigade of Infantry.
New--York.-James H. Smith, and-Robert B. Mitchell,
Branch Pilots by Sandy Hook.
Evert Marsh, Inspector of Leather.
Laurence S. Forman, Auctioneer.
Charles B. Moore, Master in Chancery.
Abraham Turnure, Harbor Master.
Howard H. White, Notary Public.
George E. Baldwin, Brigade Major and Inspector of the
10th Brigade of Infantry.
Fire.-On Wednesday night, about nine o'clock, a fire
broke out in the cellar of a brick three-story house, No.
379 Water-street, at the corner of Oliver-street, the lover
part of which was or., ti-.-li by C. C. Brown, as a whole-
sale grocery store, and the upper part asa boarding-house.
Tie fire was extinguished after the contents of the store
and cellar were destroy.

Branch Bank.-This imposing building which was pur-
chased by the merchants of this city, iti February last, for
$189,500, for the purpose of being converted into a post-
office for the general accommodation, was on Tuesday re-
sold by the Messrs. Bleeckers, for $*245,500, an advance,
of $56,000. It was purchased, as we understand, by tihe
State Bank.
Dr. M3ott, of this city, is about to reinmbark for Europe;
being compelled to do so by a return of his former symp-
tomts, and ill health.

'I he gentlsell i.. named below will attenil any busiuess'relating to
'TiThe New-Yorker' in their several district:
Orris Nicholsa, P.M. Westfield, N.Y.
3. S. Dodge, P. M. Pembroke, N.Y.
Post-hlaster, Milledgeville, Git.
M. WV. Wilcox, P. At. Palmtyra, N.Y.
Jsse t). Seelas, P. AM. Wnslrington, N.Y.
W. C. Hovl, Niles, Michigan.
Win. E. Csdly, Monticello, N.Y.
Franciis Rtoberts, P. l Maiclmiec, La.
C. MlcKnighl, Toledlo, Olhio.
C. ). 1'. P. aves, Garoga, N.Y.
J. S. Ilillyer, North Salem, N.Y.
E. C. I ves, Bristol, Con, -.
"YI i ,,, .. l'. ,,.. .. .. ... ...... .! u t .,, .

S i .. I I .-ct to annoying communications from subscribers
..'. i'. I,.. ,.h been sent, informing iu. that payment hind been
., h. u,, .. ini m nly cases, twelve months before tlhe receipt of
,h ,,iI. I.' .I .I-. (if things tends to tihe destruction of all cuiiti-
... ... i' ..i .,I the subscribers thus dunnied, who object, and
j. .. .. i. i.,,g bills sent them when payment has.beei, already
ianel to, individuals iuthorizenu to trai.sart hiiness for mis. \e\ (io
iot'believe that this dlelasv of our Agents proceeds from crimlilial ino-
tives, further tha liln injurious system of procrastinationn may seem to
warrant, but we dio Umost earnestly depreecate the withholding from us
information relating to the wishes or payments of our distant patrons.
l uli.1; punctuality is all we ask, and in granting thilniauch, a .vastdeaI
31 pj-. plexity would be lifted frotn our hasiness, a more perfect know-
ledge of the character of our subscribers would be obtained by ii ., and
general confidence be extended as well towards the AgeAt as the pub-
shers or their patrons.
We commend this subject to the careful consideration of the gentle
hmen who tat as our Agents throughout the country,









T HE NE W Y .XRP


CREEK WAR.-A Severe Fight.-The Milledgeville
8taiditFd (Exitra) of Auguist 2, contains a letter to Gov.
Schley; from Messrs. JLA. Gay and Spencer Riley, dated
Pindertown, August 19th; giving an account of a severe
action which they had with the Indians the Thursday pre-
ceding. The Whites consisted of 30 men. The Indians
were pursued and come up with in Irwin county, in ani
open pine wood country The whites immediately charged,
sounding the war-whoop; the. Indians were drawn up iin
line, but immediately broke with fright, when they were
pursued, and-in about twenty minutes out to pieces; II
Indians were found dead and 7 women, the latter being
so much like the men that they could not be distinguished.
Three women and two children were killed or taken. Mr.
Riley killed and scalped the leader of the Indians. He
had shot him with back-shot in the back; the Indian, in
the hurry of re-loading his rifle, had put down the ball
without powder. Mr. Riley broke his double-barrelled
gun to pieces over him, and seizing the Indian's rifle,
wrested it from him, and at the second blow beat out his
brains. Shortly, our own men will be taught to fight like
Indians.
John Hand, Esq. a lawyer of Athens, Alabama, was
killed in a duel with his brother-in-law, on the 12th ult.
The latter is a Mr. Richards. [Sun.

The Euphrates Expedition.-The steamboat Tigris, one
of the expedition on the Euphrates, capsized and went to
the bottom in a tornado. Twenty of the crew were
drowned, fifteen of them Englishmen. Col. Chesney
saved himself by swimming. Col. Chesney, R. A. who
had command of the Euphrates expedition, dated Euphra-
tes steamer, Anna, May 28, 1836, and who says: A little
caller one P. M. on that melanchloly day, the flat boats be-
ing a little ahead, and the Tigris leading the Euphrates, a
storm appeared, bringing with it, high in the air; clouds of
sand from the west north-west quarter., At this moment
we were passing over the rocks of Is Geria (deeply cov-
ered,) and immediately after we made a signal for the Li..-
phrates to choose a berth, and make fast; which was done
more as a matter of precaution, on account of the difficulty
of seeing our .way through the sand than from apprehen-
sion that the squall would be so terrific. The Tigris: was
immediately directed toward the bank, against which she
struck without injufry,,but with so much violence as to re-
coil a distance of about eight yards, leaving two men on
the bank, who had jumped out to make fast. The wind
then suddenly veered round, drove her bow off, and thus
rendered it quite impossible to secure the vessel to the
bank, along which. she was blown rapidly by the heavy
gusts, her head falling off into the stream as she passed
close by the Euphrates, which vessel had been backed op-
portunely to avoid the concussion.
The engines were working with full power, and every
ideas or imide to turn the vessel's bow to the bank. One
amnchior ".,s let go, but the heel of the vessel made it im-
poa-ible t. get the other, out, and she was then nearly
broadside to the wind, with the engines almost powerless,
and the waves, rising to four or five feet, forcing their way
in at the windows. At this very instant a momentary
.gleam of light faintly showed 'the bank at the apparent
distance:of eight or ten yards; and, as there seemed every
probability thvt the stermi would touch it before she went
down, Lieutenant.Lynch encouraged the people to remain
itidl) until ilh-i rc...li:ed the land. All were on deck at
Uli crric l momentni, -.iii clinging to the ropes of tilhe
a.., 'n,. tll p.ilJle ,o r.J-. and funnel ; but the m inrity
w er,- ,l-,i L,-_ ili,,. ill. r, i.d all behaving iili thl- i ....1 i -\.
emplary obedience, until the vessel went down all at once,
and probably within a half a minute, after we had seen
the bank for an instant.
From the moment of striking the bank until the Tigris
went down it scarcely exceeded eight minutes; while the
operation of sinking it 11' dlid not consume more than
three; indeed the g,& l%. i- so very violent that I doubt
whether the most powerful vessel, such as a frigate, culild
have resisted it, unless she were already secured to the
bank; and, for this there was, in our case, little or no
time, as it'was barely possible, in the position of our con-
sort, to make fast and save the vessel.

Rathbun's Failurz.-We are forced to smile at the coim-
ments made by some of our exchange papers on this ail'iir.
The Angelica Republican says. "he was carrying on at
the time of his failure, very extensive operations both in
tile mercantile line and in building, and had in his em-
ploy about 3,000 workmen. His average daily payments
were sixty thousand dollars! !" Some twenty odd millions
yearly Mr. Rathbun's operations were pretty extensive,
but not quite equal to that. [Buffilo Patriot.
The. Granite bank, in Augusta, (capital $100.000) char-
tered last winter, went into operation lart week. E. T.
Bridge, President, and .Silas Leonard, Cashier.
[Hallowell (Me.) Free Press.
Bank of British North America.-All the. stock in the
Bank of Brilish North America reserved for Montreal has
been d,-poved of. and he fari inatalilment of 101, per share
paid in.


INTERESTING FROM TEXAs.-We find the following ar-
ticle respecting Texas in the ]ill..d'Jlpliua Inquirer:
We yesterday enjoyed the pleasure of a conversation
with Capt. A. 8. Lewis of the Texian army-a gentleman
who was in the battle of San Jacinto and all the preceding
contests with the Mexicans. He left Natchitoches, La. oni
the 20th of July, and Gaines' Ferry, Texas, on the 15th.
At that time, the Mexican- army, supposed to be 11,060
strong, was concentrating at Matamoras ; and the Texian
army, about 2,500 strong, under Gen. Lamar, was at Vic-
toria. The best spirit prevailed among the Texians, who
were anxious to meet and give battle to the enemy. Per-
fect unanimity existed among the troops, and Gen. Hois-
ton, who was at St. Augustine, was anxiously looked for.
Santa Ana was at Columbia on the Brazos river, under
the charge of Major Patton. It was in contemplation to
remove him to the vicinity of the Sabine, with thle object
of having him regularly tried. Our informant does not
attacli'the slightest credit to the rumor ofhis escape. The
Texians generally were in favor of saving the life of Santa
Ana, provided the Mexicans should not make any further
incursions into Texas. They are disposed to terminate
thie war peaceably, if possible, and without further blood-
shed; but determined, nevertheless, to strike in the spirit
of freemen, should tihe Mexicans again attempt the subju-
gation of thlie young republic. At the last dates, it was be-
lieved that thle Mexicani army would soon march into Tex-
as; and it was also believed that, in such an event, the life
of Santa Ana would be taken.
Capt. Lewis himself was one of the officers of a compa-
ny that had Santa Ana, Cos, and Almonte, in charge for
several weeks. He had frequent and free conversations
with each of them. Santa Ana, ire describes as a very
fine-looking man, unable to speak English with any de-
gree offluency, and in very low spirits, conscious thathis
life will be taken the moment his countrymen remarch
upon his captors. Cos-expects death, and is prepared to
meet his lhte with some degree of fortitude. Almonte is
. polished man-converses very fluently in English, and
is rather a favorite than otherwise with thie army, as he
never committed any direct act of atrocity, but merely
acted like hundreds of others in the service of Santa Ana.
The crops throughout Texas are very abundant--much
more so than could have been expected, as little attention
was paid to them. The army was fully provided with
provisions, and it was believed that little suffering would
be experienced on this score, should the Mexicans march
against them. Recruits were constantly pouring in.
Capt. Lewis expresses the opinion that the Mexicans
can never re-conquer Texas-that an army of fifteen
thousand men may readily be dispersed by one-fourth of"
that number of Texians-that the result of the battle of
San Jacinto has produced such dismay and trepidation
amoo4ig the Mexican soldiery, that it will be almost imuipos-
sible to induce them to fight under any circumstances-
but he also states that numerous Indian warriors had been
seen from time to time in the Mexican camp and army,
and there is no doubt but the chiefs of different tribes are
anxious to take part in the war against the Texians. It is
known that the Cherokees number about two thousand
warriors, who, with the smaller tribes, would compose anl
army of at least four thousand savages.
The present chieftaiin of the Cherokee Indians is Col.'
Bowles, an American citizen, who has long lived with the
tribe, and married a squaw of distinction, by whom hei
has a large family. He is a man of good education, and
is reputed to possess considerable military knowledge.
Mexlco.-Th, Philadelphia. Gazette of last evening
contains an interesting letter, dated the city of Mexico;,
froni which we make the following extracts:
Says the Correspondent of the Gazette, 'I have seen
600 men,,chained with not a rag on to hide their naked-
noess up to their middle, in the common sewers of the city,
guarded by half as many soldiers, who besides their arms,
carried large switches with which they would unmercifully
lash the poor prisoners, if perchance they should shrink
from or hesitate to plunge into a vile collection of tile
vilest filth.
I have seen a bayonet presented to the breast of a man
for refusing to kneel in the streets when the Host was
passing.
I have seen more than, 100 corpses interred in spots
along the Carmniia Del Ruy, where as many persons have
been slain by brigands or robbers.
I have seen the doors of private citizens, and of pub-
lic officers, and of the National Assembly, guarded by
bodies of armed imen. Yet this is called a Republic.
I have never seen a ranchero who was not armed with
a sword, pistols and a lasso.
I have rarely seen a city gentleman who did not ride
with holsters at the pumnmel of his saddle. They all with-
out exception, go secretly armed.
I have not slept without pistols under my pillow, nor
gone into the streets without being armed to the teeth.
We are obliged to keep a guard at the door night and
day.
-Last week the city of Oajaca was set" upon by about
400 of these men-they succeeded in forcing an entrance,
packed the city, killed the foreigners, violated the nuni,;


and set themselves down to a merry feasting, drawn.from
the cellars of the wealthy. The liberal party of this coun-
try have an immense majority of the people on their side,
but have heretofore been prevented from making any
military movement for want of arms. Tile arms are
however in the country ; and as the old General said in
speaking of the Irish under similar circumstances, let the
people take them.
Banksin Mississippi.-The banking capital in the State
of Mississippi. amounts to overtwenty-one million dollars.
The following is a list of the banks:
1. The Planters' Bank at Natchez; capital $4,000,000;
president, James C. Wilkins; cashier, E. P. Fourniquet.
-It has 7 branches. 1. In Manchester, Yazoo, Thomas
W. Scott, president, E. J. Pinkerton, cashier. 2. In Vicks-
burg, Warren, W. L. Sharkey, president, Robert Biddle,
cashier. 3. In Port Gibson, Claiborne, William H. Mar-
tin, president, William F. Goodin, cashier. 4. In Wood-
villb, Wilkinson, -, president, Abraham M. Feltus,
cashier. 5. In Monticello, Lawrence, E. Englehard, presi-
dent, J. S. Carson, cashier. 6. In Jackson, Hinds, -
--, president.. Z. P. Wardell, cashier. 7. In Colum-
bu. Lowndes, C. H. Albert, president, William P. Win-
4lu,., cashier.
"-'. The Agricultural Bank, at Natchez; capital $2,-
000,000, Alvarez Fisk, president, A. P. Merrill cashier.
It has one branch at Pontotoc, in the county of the same
name. -, president, W. Woodman, cashier.
3. The Commercial Bank, in Natchez; capital $2,-
000,000, Levin R. Marshall, president, Thomas Hender-
son, cashier.
4. Grand Gulf Railroad and Banking Co., with a
'capital of $2,000,000; Samuel Coburn, president, J. Cal-
lender, cashier. It has one branch at Gallatin, Copiail,
Thomas B. Adams, president, John D. Taylor, cashier.
5. West Feliciana Railroad and Banking Company,
in the town of Woodville, J. Jbhnson, president, Win. P.
Grayson, cashier -.capital $1,000,000. No branch.
6. Commercial and Rail-road Bank at Vicksburg;
capital $2,000,000, J. M. Taylor, president, Thomas E.
Robins, cashier. It has a branch at Vernon, which will
very shortly go into operation.
7. Commercial Bank of Rodney, Jefferson county;
capital, $800,000, Thos. Freeland, president, J. Goodin,
Jr. cashier.
8. The Princeton and Deer Creek Rail-road and
Banking Company; potential capital $600,000, Z., K.
Fulton, president.
9. Aberdeen and Pontotoc Rail-road and Banking
Company; potential capital $1,000,000, --, president.
10. Commercial Bank of Manchester; potential capi-
tal $2,000,000, M. B. Hamer, president, J. J. Hughes,
cashier.. its charter requires it to have a branch with
$800,000 capital.
11. Mississippi and Alabama Rail-road and Banking
Company; potential capital $4,000,000, nearly taken ;
mother bank at Brandon, Rankin county, Wm. H. Shel-
ton, president, -, cashier. It has a branch at Pauld.
ing; capital $300,000.
LtEGEOiSE GALLANTRY.-Liege has been termed the
hell of woman, the purgatory of men, and the paradise-of
priests! I believe it has been termed so rightly. I ain
sorry for the sake of the Belgians to say, that females of
the lower classes are worked as hard as men ; and-are put
to labor that is performed in England only by strong men.
I have seen them attend on bricklayers as laborers ; I have
seen them digging from the foundations of houses; 1 have
seen them worse than all, perform a species of work which
is almost only fit for horses or. malefactors. Two or three
of these poor things are placed on a heap of-coaldust,
combined with mud or moistened earth--the whole, being
wetted with water thoroughly-and for the course of a
long summer day these creatures were employed in tread-
ing it into consistence with their feet, like dogs in a wheel,
horses in a gin, or thieves on the tread-wheel Whether
it is a purgatory for men I cannot say -from my own
knowledge; if it be one, they seem to bear their torments
lightly. But that it is a paradise for priests I think I may
aver; for I never saw such a number of sleek, fat, happy-
looking human beings in holy orders, in any city or country.
A Saunter in Belgium.
'THE LAST OF THEr RoMANs.'-Tlhis was said of Madi-
son at the time of his decease, but there is one other per-
son who seems to have some claims to this honorable dis-
tinction. Paine Wingate, of Stratham, N. II. still sur-
vives. He was born in Mayt 1739-was a member of the
Old Continental Congress, and, with John Langdon, rep-
resented his State in thile Senate in 1789-and is believed
to be the only survivor of either House of the first Con-
gress under our present Constitution. He received the
honors of Harvard University, Cambridge, in 1759, the
year that Waelfe took Quebec. Judge Winigate has been
for some years the only one alive of his class and a num-
ber of classes succeeding. For many years he was Jadge
of the Superior Court of New-Hampshire. In 1764, he
married the sister of Timothy Pickering; three years
younger than himself. They both, at the age of more than
97 and 94, are able to walk, and appear to enjoy life,











rS 0, t, 1, toAN F, 0 t V ,


a babs fo a Sctapauoft.NO.XXXI. FrightenedTt o D! ,5,.--A little girl aged eight years, the
danghterof.lJohnl Prierre.n, residing abiut ffve t uiliifrom
Whitehall, was frightened in such a manner, on Thursday
last, that she died in about two hours after the fright. Her
brother, a lad of 14', dressed himself in a dried bear's skili,
and chased lier as'she was going to school.
A Rare Circumstancs.-The Indiana American says that
BY H. G RE EL E & C Mr. Templeton was. elected a Representative to the In-
diana Legislature, on the 1st of August last, from Foun-
VOL. itain co.unty.,. t.welvedays.after-his.death. He died-at War.
'. NEW-y renton, Miss. on the 18th of July last, and was elected on
S..... .. the lat.of A'ugust,'after;
For the New-Yorker. tl 11Ira. Watson.-The attention of ou r readers is invited to the adver-
To AN ANCIENT ELM,to
COME, tell us a story of ancient ime- etisement in another coluinof rs.Watsoo'sBenefitConcertatNiblo's
Ofscenes once witness in this fair meSaloon. This charming vocalist offers her friends-and their name is
WhOf scen thy form witness'd in tis fair imea legion-on Monday evening, a billof unexpmpled attraction, for her
And o was slender, fresh and young, farewell benefit. In addition to the array of talent which has beet
pring zephyrs played thy leaves among; a before the public during the season, extra aid has been obtained, at
When the birds poured forth their songs of glee, n i.:i. ,.-:..., bm nothing may he wanted to make it s perfect jam.
While round thee sporting with pinions free, is The admirable panorama of the Liverpool and Manchester Railroad
)r 'mid the rich garlands that deck'd thy head; swill be thrown open to the -visitors to the Gardeni free of expanse,
'1ey nightly sunk to their curtain'd bed'. ,.i arrangements to that effect having been made with the proprietor for
'p righr tly b t t 1h that evening only.- The Garden wilJ be most brilliantly illuminated
e river that pours its sparkling tide, an; with.somie score thousands variegated lamps, anid we confidently pre-
.ye proudly tower on its flowery side, a rt diet the best house of the season.
or ages htas moistened its pebbly bed to
ince 'er its waters your-branches spread, l a r a,
r low in the depths of its crystal liIght a Ot Saturday, by Elder Isaac N. Walter, Mr. William Wilkins to
lowfinstla deptu s f'ite re 'yflect igiht, tw Miss Nanscy Peak.
first saw yourform reflected bright. Ott Satirday'evening, by Rev. Dr.Brownlee, Mr. David McLeod to
sy, have ye not seen Morn's earliest ray til M t ay Rev. Thomna Lylle, Mr. Abraham Coddington, to
'om the face of the stream chase the mists away ? an iss Mary Ann Wink.
id the sun, as lie rose, send his earliest beam nail Otn Sunday, by Rev. John Kennedy, Mr. Edward Phalon to Miss Jo-
hasna Vats Trie.
tip the green waves with his dianlond gleams ? Pre On Monday, by Rev. Henry Chase, Mr. Isaac Ayres to Miss Ann M.
hie the balmy breeze, as it munttrmured by, I Cooper.
sathed softly as Childhood's early sigh. On Monday, by Rev. Luke Davies, Mr. Lorenzo Abrams, to Miss
the plain that around like.a map is spread, I'. ", Ved esd'ay, y Rev. Dr. Sclhroeder, Ernest B. Schneidler, Esq.
IT.. .s, Mary Leouisa 51cKeige.
ve ye seen the conflict-the dying, the dead ? qual On Wednesday evening, by Rev. Mr. Hall, Mr. Win. Swaim, c,'
ve weapons of death neathh thy shade been hurl'sd, soml Ponghkeepsie, to Miss Marit Smiith, oft t cityMr. stn
tile the foelant's banner was there ntirP'd n field, N. oi the 10th ill. y Rev. Mr. Hill, Mr. El
yre ye enrw iril grad Marslh to bMiss Eliza' Stelle, all of that place.
ve ye heard, too, at night the frightfiul yell a At Fort Edward, onthe Istinst. by Rev. Mr.Vermilye, Edwin Smith
the mcal Esq. of this city, to Miss Adelia 0. eldest daughter of John Meiutyre.
the murderous war-swhoop--the white nman's knell ? ,O EqI. of the former place.
the rock at thy foot, where the wild flowers grew, a f Mr. Watts, aged years.
9 the red man fastened his frail canoe ? On Saturay, Mr. John Watts, aged 86 years.
S the panther sprung from thy branches hig form Q Saturday, Thoias, son of Joseph Williams.
,s high on Monday, Stephen P. son of Paschal Bertine, aged 4.months.
the timid deer as he ventured saighi ? aisle, Ou Monudy, Gertrude, daughter of W. P. Cusinington, aged I year.
the eagle, thy verdlnt boughs among, sits On Tuesday, Janes M'Aaughlin, aged 36 years.
eale ta bvi oughs .lo5g, Ou Tuesday, Henry, infant son of Robert G. Rankin.
th kindest care reared her callow young ? sand OOn Wednesday, Mr. Charles Daly aged 42 years.
there ye now see rising the grceul spire, whe Ou Wednesday, Sarah C. infant daughter of Mr. W. W. Shirley.
ere ye now ee s the graceful spre, ea n Thursday, Frances Henrietta, youngest daughter of John Shop-
re warriors group'd round the council fire I green ard, aged 4 years.
'e ye seventh sitn At Pittsbhurg, Pa. ous the 25th silt. Mrs. Saralh Applebe, wife of Thos.
ey seen tem sitting in grave debate, ith "Applebe, of this city, aged 20 years.
iendishly seal the victim's fate, them,
ere over the plain are thickly strewn tables 'raices of (oetlitter i r0otuce.
signs that say the dark ages are gone I Thursday, September 8,1836.
sigs that say tme larkages etc goie 1 each, AsnFs-13,' 100 5 CorD Yellowt.... 94 @ 95
11 the sober shade that is o'er thee cast, each, Aots, lt sort. 1 o ehio.... 94 95
know that thy doom is appracing fast Pearls............ 8 12 (@ 8 25 Do..Southern.. 80 @ 83
a the gentle breezes will cease to play doo r, C E--e 5 50 9t. Oats........... 50 18 52
I thy leaves, as they greet the new-born ay every. Ste ers, ior... 4 75 @ 6 emp, Amy ton 135 @ 1-
would learn of the faded Past from thee, Cows, ach.. 18 35 Iops,irst sort lb 14 (( 16
tell us a C es..do.... PovIsIoNs-
tlustltho .i. .....- lL- eSheep'..do..... 2 5 t00 Beef..- Mess bld 10 50 @ 11
SDestructive Fire at New-Hmaven.-The extensvc lumber La hs..do..... 1 50 @ 3 00 Do.. Prime... 6 25 @ 6 75
Sestablishmett Ol Artizan-street, New-Haven, near the canl 1lay ....... -- ( 1 50 Do. Cargo ... 5 o50
establ ishment A -e' I Straw.... 100 bdils 4 @() 4 50 Pork .Mess.... 22 & 23 --
kn town as the New-England sash and blind manufactory, 1 .. Sor-i barrel, Do..Prime.... 16 75 @ 17 25
including also a steam-planing mill and other works, to.. Troy........... 7 12 @ 7 25 Do..Cargo ... 14 50 @ -
fire on Wednesday morning, and was destroyed with nea, I ester ...... W7 25 @ 750 Lard ..... lb 12 (_ -13
all its contents. It was owned by John M. Barlow & Go. Baltinorn..... 8 -S @ Cheese........ 10 L 1
iRichnuitud....... 8 25 @4 Cheese..... 10 122
The partners, we understand, are Elyihe Atwater and Amos Rye Flour...... 5 50 @ Hatms......... 12 ( 13
Ilinte. Loss estimated at 20 to $25,000, and no insurance. Indian Meal.... 4 50 @ WooL-p Itr
A great business has been done there the present season, GiAIN--V' bush 1el, Sasy, Fleece. 74 76
'and the destruction of the works is not only a heavy loss to W)o.... Genesee 1 56 @ I' 60 Do..Pulled.... 55 @
the proprietors-, but. will o-ccasion. much inconvenience to Do.... Virginia @, Comnmon ....... 4. (0, 50
' builders and others in that city-there being no other steanm- o..N Care. f(1 P1it ed, Spinu tis"' 54 lt 60
planing mill in the place. Rye Nup.be'r... 1 12 o, t.nis ........-
Another MAurder.-William Jackson Koehlcr, a respec- NIBI,OS GAiD EN.
table yontg man, aged '21, was murdered in Ph1iladelphia A/IRS. WATSON'S BENEFIT.- Mn. Watsin has the honor of as-
on Tuesday evening last. The Inquirer states that as he J .... .,, u. ..,,,., .'- .... .. ..... u it. 1. e.i
S was walking along aprnce-street, Schuylkill,w ith aleuale .. .. ...., .. ,. ,,,, .. .,1... .,, .. ..,. ,... Puh-
,acquaintance, a man came out o'f a neighboring house and i ls' apy s'o state tat y the hllal perission of Me
asked his naine which he gave. Two others then followed only Iith that highly popular Vocalist I e 1h... ,.s. 'i ..I sing his fa-
thme first mail out of the same house, and one of them vori te S.Ig.;, Dietts, &. .A..- ...... ........ .'i, '
struck him with a slone or piece of iron ill his hand, on ,A ', ..ins. I 'i he laig .Ianoram in ,he
their right temple. He fell and cried murder." The ,i i. ..... '.. i. .... ighto'cll tiduringthe whole of the Eve-
wutchian einame to his relief and pursued the rtiltians, who **- ..... I t.,,' .. Ii tile Conet.. i r of M
fid. anid were not overtaken. Poor Koehllor contrived to .... .., ..... i .rr., l.,, Ih ....h i ,,. Artist Ir.
get to his. brother's house, where he lingered until Sunday h all.
thling, fi.. den died of his und. Prncipal Voial perfim-rs itn the Cocern t. lI. Wa tssm, rMiss lf.o,
usorlsnll: s ll, au"the Plaunter, Sagnor Fabj, nud Messrs. Ha-.vard, Deiptster 4- C'rinsgto;
nnard Universi .-T'he follow --ng ge..tleen received w,1 -i'ith b lue Ie lteuhlenil, f'or tslhils night olty. The idelaripsive Serio
-gar'd Uiersilf.-.The fo in gentheen receive Ct ic Glee of 'The Ths ce Crows in a corn lliht-The partsofthul twoold
the de ree of Doctor of Laws at thle Commuencement at -ad wi e crows' to lie sung Ihy Messrs. Demipser & Cariington, and that of
at Cabridge on Wednesday... 31st tLlt.: Hon. Lewis Cass, he yole ne asn inexperience crow' by Mr. Iluward, The Saloon is en-
t Cabdg on.Wedne .-it t".'chosed audh warmed aad is case of fine weather it can be ventilated at a mil ,
Secretary of War ; Hon. Wvvard Chipman, Chief Justice nte'snotice The Plroenades recovered and free from sDamp'
of the Province of New Brunswick and Joseph An- Tickets cents to be had attth Gardens, and primnip-sl Music Stores,
thou Mitternmaier, Prpfessor of Law in the UTJnieriv of St e ewill run from and no the City Hotel, during theev ticulag.
helberg, .. fe Entertsanments to begi At halfpRat eyen-frthe cularAt lle
-el delberg, r lhf ph the slay,


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400 THE NEW-YOR KE R.


iitary nioveineit for want of arms. The aims ar
however in the country ; and as the old General said I
U".j a M W Sieaking of the Irish under similar circumstances, let t
people take them.
L Banks in Mississippi.-The banking capital in the Stal
Sf Mississippi amounts to overtwenty-one million dollar
['he following is a list of the banks:
1. The Planters' Bank at Natchez ; capital $4,000,00,0
BY JOHN BARNET.-ARRANGED FOR THE SPANISH GUITAR ,resident, Jaimes C. Wilkins; cashier, E. P. Fourniquee
-It has 7 branches. 1. In Manchester, Yazoo, Thomi
"V. Scott, president, E. J. Pinkerton, cashier. 2. In Vicl<
inrg, Warren, W. L. Sharkey, president, Robert BiddI
ALLEGRETTO M..t xO' TROPPO. cashier. 3. In Port Gibson, Claiborne, William H. Md
S in, president, William F. Goodin, cashier. 4; In Wo
S- ----- -illb, Wilkinson, -, president, Abraham M. Felt
:3_ --- --' --- --- --- -- --- r- -- -- --ashier. 5. In Monticello, Lawrence, E. Englehard, pr_
f-- d^--_-'-- --r---l-- -a'-^-""'- -]- -- 1-' -^ [- -"_: "-g-'ent, J. S. Carson, cashier. 6. In Jackson, Hinds, "--0 -
-, --president. Z. P. Wardell, -cashier. 7. In Colt--
]ay has gone down on the Baltic' broad billow, Eve..niug has sigh d her laspus, Lowndes, C. H. Albert, president, William P.
", -__'_. _j ton, cashier. R e
Q 0 ,r if' -I-- St_ I -K---- 2. The Agricultural Bank, at Natchez; capital -r-
_. .___p_ --- --_p---[- -,-y-y----I- ~---g-- --- ~--- 000,000, Alvarez Fisk, president, A. P. Merrill cash-
-- ------ --- ---- -It has one branch atPontoto. in theconty of the
S, .' I _.a_.._ ~-_.--i ---[----- ... f-name. --, president, W. Woodman, cashier., -_
i I I 3. The Commercial Bank, in Natchez; capital h -
60; O M !0. '0ss-'3" 1^ "0 a I000,000, Levin R. Marshall, president, Thomas Hen
"r son, cashier.
/ ', m, .... ..-- 4. Grand Gulf Railroad and Banking Co., wit
--- pital of $2,000,000; Sainel Coburn, president, J. i-
f-_-_t-- .------ --- ----I --'-'-"----- '--- ---lender, cashier. It has one branch at Gallatin, Cop_
\ -^-Z __ r '- -q ['- -- !-[- -^ --- ---^- _-I .....a-I -Tho tnas B. Adams, president, John D. Taylor, cashie- --
S- 5. West Feliciana Railroad and Banking CompE--
Baltics8 broad billow, Everning has sigha'd her last to the lone willow: Night hin the town of Woodville, J. Jbhnson, president, Wit
Grayson, cashier;. capital $1,000,000. No branch. to
,, .. .. "6. Commercial and Rail-road Bank at Vicksbtu,
[ -c-- --apital $2,000,000, J. M. Taylor, president, Thomar--
-- -- ----- Robins, cashier. It has a branch at Vernon, which _
__ -ir I i -1--very shortly go into operation. ---
-- -- 7. Commercial Bank of Rodney, Jefferson coni -
S,- capital,$800,000, Thos. Freeland, president,. J. Goo.
Jr. cashier.
8. The Princeton and Deer Creek Rail-road
.T .-- Banking Company; potential capital $600,000, Z.
-Z- -.r -, I _.J _- 9. Aberdeen and Pontotoc Rail-road and Bank
U--.-- Company; potential capital $1,000,000, -, presided_
1" --10. Commercial Bank of Manchester; potential ca
cov-..r, Night hurries on, night hurries on, earti atid ocean to coyv. cr. t. tal $2,000,000, M. B.. Hamer, president, J. J. Hugh
K L, =,. p.--- 3 cashier. lts charter requires it to have a branch WN
E- c--- $800,000 capital.
"---i- ----, -- ----. 11. Mississippi and Alabama Rail-road and Bankis
i--_.-l-_ Company; potential capital $1 l 111lii).si nearly tak -
___---- --- ------,-.--.----- ---- mother bank at Brandon, Rankin county, Win. H. Sl
7-- -I ton, president, -, cashier. It has a branch at Pan
.. -n- g; capital $300,000.
SLIEGE6iSE GALLANTRv.-Liege has been termed
4r Z. j- hell of .wonan, the purgatory of men, and the paradise
.. -_ r priests! I believe it has been termed so rightly. IE
sorry for the sake of the Belgians to say, that females
1 0, the lower classes are worked as hard as men ; and-arep
lover, gentle moon, gentle and light me to nty lover. '' to labor that is performed in England only by strong me
\Lt the wild waves still, the red sun roll over,
1 iz 4~'I 'hine in the light of all lights to a lover,
I / ~ 9" -Genctle nmoon, gentle moon, rise, gentle, gentle soon.
21-6 .-U--
47 I


at gti~


.For the New-Yorker.
THE DYING DAUGIlTER'S APPl'AIL.
MY father! thou hast lung disownedil
Thy erring and misguided child;
But now, in this last hour, again
Receive thy lost, thy long-exiled!
My hours on earth are fleeting fast:
0 then thoe wiltno longer pour
Thine anger on thy faulty child
Who never can offend thee more.
0 could'st thou see the feeble light
That glimmers in this sunken eye.,
Thou would'st not leave thine only chiilti,
In this sad hour, alone to die!
O couldn't thou feel but-half the pangs
That wring this worn and aingnish'd iBr.elt,
Thou would'st not thus so coldly spirn
Thy dying daughter's last request.
I know that I have deeply sinn'd,
Aniid forfeited a daughter's claim;
Yet let this dying hour atone
For all thy wrongs and my deep shame.


Recall my young, unsullied years,
When thou wert wont with found caress
To greet thy child and bless her name -
With all a parent's tenderness.
I pray thee, by the memory
Of those fond hours, for ever gone-
lBy her who slumbers in the dast-
Receive tre now as all thy own!
Fiither! bthe lif-fird bnurneth low
In the chmai-)!rs of this stricken heart;
0, on my poor defenceless head
Thly blessing shed ere life depart!
0, as .thou hop'st to bei forgiven,
Anti mer R-traet tihe deep and heavy curse
That weighs me down with fatal power!
Faliehr! the streams tre freezing fast
Around this heart with misery wild;
I pray thee, by this agony,
Bless-bless thine own, thy dying child!
Plainfeld, Ill. July, 1836. STELLA.


EPITAPH UPON A DOG!
BY C. F. HOFFMCAN.
AN ear that caught my slightest tone,
It kindness or in anger spoken -
An eve that ever watched my owt,
In vigils death alone has broken;
Its eliungeless, ceaseless, and unbought
Affection to the last revealing;
Beaming almost with human thought,
Andi more than iihutian feeling!
Can such in endless sleep be chilled,
And human pride disdain to sorrow,
Because the pulse that here was stilledl
May wake to no eternal morrow ?
Can faith, devotedness, and love,
That seem to huait)ler creatotres given
To I'll ius what we owe above;
The types of what is due to Heaven?
Can these he with the things that were,
Things cherished-but no more returnting;
And leave behind no trace of care,
No shade that speaks a moment's mourning ?
Alas! my friend, of all of worth,
That years have stolen or years yet leave me,
I 've never known so much on earth,
But that the loss of thine must grieve me.
American IOatUly. H.


'I

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if,


I --~---- ----- .