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New-York American
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073672/00044
 Material Information
Title: New-York American
Uniform Title: New-York American (New York, N.Y. 1821)
Alternate title: New York American
Physical Description: v. : ; 52 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: New York N.Y
Creation Date: June 20, 1839
Publication Date: 1821-1845
Frequency: daily (except sunday)
daily
normalized irregular
Edition: Daily ed..
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- New York (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- New York County (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- New York -- New York
Coordinates: 40.716667 x -74 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Available on microfilm from the Library of Congress Photoduplication Service, New York Public Library, and Center for Research Libraries.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 2, no. 467 (Sept. 10, 1821)-(Feb. 15,1845).
General Note: Publisher: J.M. Elliot, <1822>.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09304809
lccn - sn 83030013
System ID: UF00073672:00044
 Related Items
Related Items: New-York American, for the country
Related Items: New-York American (New York, N.Y. : 1832)
Preceded by: American (New York, N.Y. : 1819)
Succeeded by: Morning courier and New-York enquirer

Full Text










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THURSDAY 1CVENING, JUNE 20. 1839.


W IMJL .AdM6A*- U ~g*5 9


S- S n-v vi, n. *S o3t,
& ~ ~ 0" P. S .O Go 0
:
14 72 6 6158 38 1 48 17C 30f
15 77 88 156 39 1571 76 3 11
16 84 901 62 40 169 183 8 20
17 86 91 165 41 i781 88 3 31
18 89 92 169 42 185 189 3 40
19 90 4 I73 431 8 9192 3 51
20 91 95 177 44 1901 94 3 63
21 ,92 97 182 45 191 196 3 73
22 94 991 88 46 192 198 3 87
23 97 1 03 193 47 193 1994 01
24 99 1 07 198 48 194 2024 17
251 CO 1 12 2 04 491 95 6 04 4 49
26 07 1 17 2 11 50 196 -2 09 4 60
27 1 12 123 2 17 51 197 2 20 4 75
28 120 1 2b 2 24 52 20 237 4 90
29 128 1 I 31 53 210259 524
30 1S 1 2 8 36 54 2 18S 289 5 49
811 32 1 2 243 55 2 32 3 21 578
32183 3 6 250 56 2 47 3 56 6 05
33 1'34 1 2 57 57 270 4 24 6 27
84 185 i 264 58 3 14 4 31 6 50
5&- 96 1 io 275 i 9 3 67 4 636 75
36 189 1 5' 281 60 4 8 4 91 7 00
87 148 163 290 ..
Moneywillbe received in deposit by the Compary and
*e.u in trust, upon which interest will be alloweJ as foil
lows .
Uon sumover $100, irredeemable for 1 year, 4j per'ct
do do 100, do 5moo. 4 4
do, 0o ",100, dp 2 *
TRUSTEES.
Wa. Bar James Kent
2 houac W. Ludlow Nathaniel Prime
Win. B. Lawrence Nicholas Devereux
Benj. Knower Gulian C. Verplanck


NEW-YORK AMERICAN
PUBLISHED FOR THE PROPRIETOR, BY
WATSON"VAN BENTIIU YSEN.
TERMS-Daily Paper, $10 per annum, payable semi-
annuatlyv
emi. Weekly Tuesday and Friday,-$4, payable alway
in advance,
Tri-. Weekly, Tuesday, Thursday and, Saturday, at $5,
payable alwyai/sin advance.
Terms for advertising in Daily ,Paper.
HALF SQUARE, DAILY-S8 lines or iess--Flrstrinor.
daon, 60 cents; second and third insertions, each 25
cents.and 18f centsfor every subsequent inset ion.
SQUARE, DAILY--16 lines, or over 8 and less than 16-
11irst insertion, 75 cents; second and third insertions,
*ach 25 cents; and IS centsfor every subsequent insna
tion.
ADVERTISEMENTS kept on theinside are charged an
additional price.
ADVERTISEMENTS, upon whichthe numberof times
lorinaertion IS NOT MARKED, will be inserted aad
charged until ordered out.
SAl LY ADVERTISERS, paper included, $40-with-
out the paper, $32perannum: not, however,fora less
period than six months.
-

INSURANC,. 4
N EW-YORK IJFF INSURANCE & TRUST CO.-
i Monthly Report.- Since tine last report 21 persons
naye.been insured :-
"iOf whom 7 areresidents oftheclty ofNew-York. i
14 areresidentsoutofthecity of Now-Yorkl,
10 are Merchants
8 are Cashiers
S are ClerksA
5 are other pursuits.1
Of these, there areinsuredfor 1 year ana over 6
thereareinsured for7 yeqaM 12
there 4re insured for life, 3
21
O.f thea there aret nsuredfor $1,000 and under 2
thereareinsuredfor $5,000 andundr 1is
thercare insured for $10,000 and ur.der 8
21
jog X. A. NICOLI.,Secretary,
THE HOWARD INSURANCE CUMPANI,
N W Oice 54 Wall street.
N EW CAPITAL 300,000 DOLLARS.-Ths Com-
pany continuesto make insurance against toss and damage
bvfir*,s rnd the hazards ofinland navigation.,
DIRECTORS.
R. Havens, President, B.L. Woolley,
Natah Tatlor, Micah Baldwin,'
Cornelius W. Lawrence, Joseph Otis,
J. Philips Phmnix, MFanning C. Tucker
John Morrison, Meigs D. Benjamiih.,
Joseph B. Varnumn, John Rankin,
David Lee, John D. Wolfe,
Caleb 0. Halsted Nathaniel Weed,
William V. Todd, Ferdinand Suydam,
William Couch.
dill LEWIS PHILLIPS. Secretary.
ri]RUST FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY--o. 50
.t Walfstreet.-Will make insurance against Loses or
Damage by Fire on as favorable terms as other offices in
this city.
DIRECTORS.
John Wheelwright Thomas G. Talmage
John R. Peters -George S. Doughty
Russell Stebbins benjamin K Winthrop
James K. Hamilton Burr Wakemnan
IR. H. Winslow Edward Sandlord
Alfred Colv ill M C Morgan
John V. Greenfield John Brouwer
Obadish Holmes Edward Doughty
Tunis Van Pelt Smith Harriott
Win. W. Chester Thomas Jackson
John W Mason Jona. H. Ransom
George C. Thomas Henry Erben
Wmin. M. Clarke.
JOHN WHEELWRIGHT, President.
JOHN NEILSON, Jr Sec'ry.
HENRY DAMMERS, Surveyor.
GRAHAM & SANDFORDS, Counsel and Attorneys.
j94 tjyl
Officoof the UNITED STATES FIRE INSURANCE
A COMPANY, No. 55 Wall st.
A T an annual election he'd at the office of the Compa-
hyi on the 3d day of June, 1839, the following gentlemen
were duty elected Directors for the ensuing year :]
DiRZcTORS.
Jkrn L. Bowne Ebenezer Cauldwell
Jowl R Will is, Morris Ketchum
Sila HicHr" Joshua S. Underhill
Robert C Corned Charles T. Cromwell
James Barker Cornelius W Lawience
benJamin Coilles Nfathaniel Lord
Lindley Murray Charles Kneeland!
Henr* H. Lawrence Edward A. Wright
-ltephen Van Wyck Beajamin Clark
[mac Frost Robert B. Minturi
Klobert D. Week WVillianim Bradford
161Wood Thomas W. Pears &il
Thoma'W Jenkins Silas Wood
Benjamin Strong George D.FPoet
ONItge tHussey Robert H. Bowne
Uriah F. Carpenter Albert Woodhull
James H.Tituo Geoige4B. Smith
Samuel C Paxson.
At a subsequent meeting of the Board. John L. Bowne,
]eq. was nnamously re- elected President.
jei f: JAMES WILKIE, Secretary.
L AST' RIVEkt FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY
I4 OF THE:CITY OF NEW YORK, No. 44 Wil.
liam street, one door south of Wall.
At an annual Election, holden at the office of the Coin.
pany, on the 13th instant, the following gent'emin were
unanimously elected Directors of this Institution, for the
yeat ensuing. vil:
James Mclbride, John Moorhead,
AbnerWeyman, Robeit J. billon,
Jonn R. Peters, Thomas Nesmith,
John D. Lawrence, Thomas Sufferit,
Joseph Kernochan, James Browen,
George Coggeshall, fJohn Brouwer,
John G. Hicks, R. H. Osgood,
Campbell P. White, Robert Dyson,;
Henry W, Hills, ;William Mandeville,
Hadmilton Murray, Jonn Johnston,
Joseph Kissam.-
And at a subsequent meeting os said Directors, WIL.
L/AM MANDEVILLE was unanimously elected Pre.
sidentof said Company for the-year ensuing.
The Company still continues their business of Insuring
upon Bufl'dings, Goods, and Merchandizs from loss or
damage by Fire. GOLD S. SILLIMAN, Secretary.
New York, May 16th, 1839. myl7 un
1 EW-YUUKK LIFE INSURANCi & T'k UST' CO
S-Persons may*ffectlnsurancea with this companyon
heir own lives, orthelives of others, and either for the
UhCleduration of life, ot for a limited period. The pay-
inatsofpremium maybe either made annually or in a
posesum.
Pm'lumon one hundred dollars" -


- je3 tf (Adjoining the American Hotel.)
C'LARKE & COMPANY, No. 337 Broadway, have
just opened-
One case Jaconet Muslins,'new styles
Do rich printed Muslins, mode grounds
Do Mousselain de Lame, sinmal! figures
A few damask figured Silk Shawls
A large assortment of French Prints, chintz figure and
plain.
which are offered on very reasonable" terms. my29
SATIN STRIPED SILKS-Light, mode, and dark
colors, opened this day.
myO30 CLARBKE & COMPANY, $37 Broadway.
PMrHE MUSEUM OF FOREIGN LITERATURE,
SSCIENCE AND AR'I'T. is published evety month
by E. LITTELL & CO. 279 Chesnut street, Philaelphia,
at Six Dollars a year, payable inadvance. Distant sub.
scribers are requested to remit a $5 note on account.
With the year 1839 begins the Seventh Volume of a
New Series, complete sets of which can be furnished at
Two Dollars a volume in numbers, or r'wo Dollars arid a
Half bound. The New series is begun because we are no
longer able to supply orders for complete sets of the old.
CONTENTS OF THE MAY NUMBER.
I Public Characters in the Reigns cf George III and
IV, Edinburgh Review
2 Letters on Paraguay, Quarterly Review
3 False Taste--Dr Channing, Edinburgh Review
4 Diary of a Dutch Dipiomatit in London, Monthly
Chronicle
5 Unpublishd Letters of Mary Stuart, Foreign Quarterly
Review
6 Field Marshal Suwaroff and the Campaign of 1799,
Monthly Ohronicle


DRY GOODS,9 &.
A T. STEWART & CO. have just received from
& on board the Louis Philippe -
6 cases of French Muslins and Cambrics of new and
beautiful designs.
2 do Parts Fancy Articles: among which are Filt and
Taglioni Shawls, Mantles, Collars, Belrs, &c &c.
1 do Thraad L-ace Veils, Scarfs, Pellerines, &c
I do Foulard Silks
All of which have been selected with much care by
Mr1. Stewart
The ladies are invited to examine them at 257 Broad-
way. je6
,.v ENS UNDER UARMENFS.-A large assort.
meant, varying in quality and size, of Shirts 'and
Prawv-s of almost every description, suitable for the pre-
sent and "oming season. Also, Hose and Half. Hose, of
all the different fabrics and sizes. Gloves, Hdkfs, Cra.
vats, Suspenders, Prussian Dressing Robes, &c, with a
large assortment of Hosiery and Under Garments for
Females For sale wholesale or retail at the old Hosiery
Store, 14 Maiden Lain" by
anrr27 LANE & VAN ZANDT.
QTRANGERS visiiin the city, are respectfully invited
Sto call and examine the extensive assortment of
Sseasonable fancy and staple Dry Goods, of the subacri.
Sbers, at 254 Broadway, consisting in part of Muslins, Ja-
conets, Mousseline de S des; Mousseline de Lains, Silks,
in every variety; Scarts. Belts, Gloves, Hosiery, Parasols,
&c, and of which are offered on the most reasonable terms.
je12 3t HUGHES & GUYNET.
LACK AND WHITiS LAWNS.-Just received by
CLARKE & COMPANY, 837 Broadway, one case
satin striped black and white Lawns. jel2
^HINE SILKS- Two cases rich Chine Silks, opened
C This mormin, by
jel2 lw CLARKE & COMPANY, 337 Bioadway
OMBAZINES & SHALLIES-9. & L.HOLMES.
No 44 Maiden lane, have just received jet and blue
black Bombazines and Shallies. Also, black Mousseline
de,Lalne, of har.dsome qualit!ea; black Crapes, Silks, &c,
by the piece or yard at low prices.
N. B.-On hand, genuine Eau de Cologne. jel4 3t
SIFE PRESERVERS-Manutactured In the city, of
S double India Rubber Cloth, in the form of belts ard
vests, for sale singly or by the dozen, at 14 Maiden lane,
jel4 by LANE & VAN ZkNDT.
K RASS JACKEtS-Canton Grass Cloth Jackets;
W Linen, Cotton, and other Summer Shirts and Draw-
ers; white and brown Cotton, Silk ana Raw Silk, Worsted
and Wool Hose and Half Hose; Linen, Silk and Coiton
Summer Gloves; for sale wholesale and retail, at No 14
Maiden Lane, by
jel4 LANE & VAN ZANPT.
-INENS AND SHEETINGS -S. & L. HOLMES,
.L 44 Maiden Lane, have for sale, cheap, an extensive
assortment of Irish Linens, from low to very fine quali.
ties ; also, Linen Sheetings, of the different widths, Table
Cloths, Napkins, Towellings, &c that are good styles,
and warranted free from cotton.
On hand-Summer QuIlts Blankets, &c. je4 3t
t73 ABLE AND PIANO COVERS.-The -.,ubscriber
Shase this day received a:lare assortment of Table
and Piano Covers: among which are 7 and 8 4 Embossed
Cloth Table and Piano Covers, 67 and 84 French printed
Clith Table and Piano Covers, 5 6,7 8 and 10 4 Worsted
Tabl] and riano Covers, of all colors. Also, all sizes and
colors of Cloth Table and Piano Covers.
myJ9 J. S. FLEET, 10 Maiden Lane.
RUENCH FANCY DRY GOODS AT MODE
S RATE PRICES.-To strangers-Strangers visiting
the city will find at FOUNTAIN'S Fancy Dry (Goods
Store, (No 231 Broadway, adjoining the American Hotel,)
an entire and complete assortment of all the various styles
and descriptions of hew French Dry Goods, suited to the
season at such prices aswill be satisfactory. Among which
are the following:
SILKS-Rich changeable or Glace
Rich striped and figured di
Chines, foulard, plain and glace
Gros D'Afriques, plain and changeable
Gros de TIndes do do
Poult de Soles do do
Gros de Naples do do
Rich light Silks, figured and plain, for evening
dresses
Rich white do do do for weddings
Blue and jet black, of all the above styles
Poplins, plain and figured, &c.
SHAWLS-Diaphanous, Net, Glace Silk, plain and
ctliangeabie.
Mantillas, Paris Gausa, Mouseln30 lie Laine, Cash-
mere, Thibet Wool and Fancy Hdkta, of the above de.
scriptions.
EM IROIDERIES-Paris work, of the latest fashions,
Capes, Canezoits, Chemizeites, Collars, Capes, &c.
LACES-Mechhlin, Enalish a:.d French thread, Lielle,
Blonde, Bobbinet, &c. Edgings, of all descriptions
THIN MUSLINS-Just opened, several cases of Paris
Muslins, new designs.
The above, with his general assortment of Goods, have
been selected with great care, expressly for his city trade,
and will be'found to be of the finest fabric and &mwufh--
ture. my20
SIASHMERK SHAWLS.-AL LX. T. STE vART &
S CO. invite the attention of the Ladies to their assort.
ment of Cashmere Shawls: among which are-
1 black filled square Shawl, $100
1 green do do do 100
1 white do d', do 200
1 scarlet do do do 200
1 do do do do 250
1 dlo i do long do 150
1 white do do 150
1 do do do 200
I do do do 250
2 do do do 3i0
2 rich ao do do 350
1 do do do do 400
I do do do do 500
my27 257 Broadway.
r EAVY LINENS AND SHEETINGS, TABLE
CLOTHS, &c-.S & L HOLMES, No 44 Maiden
Lane, have received an extensive aassotment of Linens,
from low qualities of stout undressed io extra fine, for col.
lars andbosoms; Linen Sheetings,from 14 to 3 yards of the
different kinds and qualities ; all sizes Damask Table
Cloths; Napkins, &c; Birds Eye and Russia Diapers; Si.
lecia and Huckabuck Towelling, &tc, for saje low, by the
piece or atretail
On hand Quilts. Blankets' Flannels, &c. je7
BLANKETS, GAUSE FLANNELS, &c-S & L
HOLMES, No 44 Maiden Lane,: have for sale a
large assortment of Blankets, from low to fine qualities.
Also, cdib and cradle do.
Two bales Gause Flannels, at low prices, by the piece
or at retail.
On hand-Jeans, Drillings, Erniinets, &c, for boy's
wear. je7
^TOCK OF DRY GOODS SELLING OFF.-'ro the
Ladies.-The subscriber owing to the termination of
his present business engagements and the expiration of
his limited partnership on the first of September next, offers
at very low prices his present well selected and seasonable
stock of French Fancy Dry Gocrs ; among which will be
found an entire assortment of all the newest descriptions
of Silk Goods, Shawls,Emroideries, MousselinedeLaines,
Laces, Srring Calicoes and Muslins, &c.'
J S FOUNTAIN, 231 Broadway,


next. Inquire opposite, at No 8 Spruce'st. felt
TO RENT-The eomniodious Lofts and
Counting Rooms of the fire proof brick store, No
Sl 35 Nassau street, between Liberty and Cedar
9Jk.m streets. apply tu
jel2 tf C. H. RUSSELL & CO 33 Pine at.
FOR SALE. Real Ehtate at Harlem-consisting
of 5, lots of land, situated on the .7th andl
8dSLh Avenues, between ll7th and 119th streets.
There is by computation 70,000 loads of soil up.
on them, near which they are now levelling. These~lots
will be sold as they now are, with the buildings upon them.
Apply to DAVIS, BROOKS, & .CO. 21 Broad st.
jel2 a
LFOR SALE-11l Lots ot Land, situated on
Lewis and Goerick streets, between Rivington and
s Stanton streets, six on Lewis and five on Goerickl6
On Lewis street is a large wooden building, for.
merly occupied by the late Mr. Eckford as a mould left.
On Goerick street the land is open and a very desirable
situation for a lumber yard or building lots. Apply to z.- -
ielt tf DAVIS, BROOKS & CO.2l1Broadse,
'Wli LET-Thelarge Basement Roomat presentuLivid-
1 ednto two apartments, underthe Bank of the Del
Awar;-lnd Hudson Canal Co. at the eSrner of William and
Pine streets. Also- a Room on the floor oftite same build
ne. Inquire at tie Bank. f16 tf
'1TO LET, OR LEASE.-The five story hie
proof Store, No. 28 South William street.
Apply to CARY &CO.i
Feb. 15 No. 90 Pine street.
STO LET-The four story Stores Nos. 132tan
i34 Front, corner of Pine street. Apply on th
premises to
mhl GRINNELL. M1NTURN & CO.


S- E. G. TUCKER, M. D., DENTIST, Successor
to Dr. Kimball, No. 3 Park place. Docter Tucker having
completed his Professional Studies under the able and el.
ficient instruction of Harwood & Tucker, of Boston; hasi
determined upon making the city of New York his place of
permanent residence.
To those who may wish to consult him, he now respect
fully tenders his best services.
New York, April 13, 1839.
Doctor Tucker begs leave to present the following Tes-
timonial from Dr. Kimball:
DR. H. KIMBALL having decided upon relinquishing
the practice of his profession, and being about to leave
New York begs leave to present to his friends his sincere
acknowledgments for that confidence in his professional
skill which has been manifested by the extensive and
highly respectable practice with which he has been hon
oreit during his residence in New York.
And while he is most happy to know that there are in
the city a number of gentlemen of deservedly high repu.
station, and to whom he would wth ihe greatest confidence
refer his friends-yethe would take this opportunity to re.
commend to their patronage andt confidence DR. E. G.
TUCKER, who has come to thiscity at the solicitation of
Dr. Kimball, and to whom lie would refer his former pa.
tients in the beliefthat he will fully sustain the high cha.
racter he has elsewhere attained as an efficient and faith.
ful operator. Dr. Tucker manufactures the same kind of
Mineral Teeth which have been exclusively used by Dr.
Kimball, and which or strength, durability, and close im.
station of natural teeth, are unsurpassed.
New York, April 2,1839.
Testimonial from Doctors Harwood & Tucker, of Bos.
ton.
We have perused the above recommendation of Dr. E.
G Tucker, and do most cheerfully confirm, the very
handsome testimonial of our friend. Dr. Kimball.
HARWOOD & TUCKER
Boston. April 5,839. apl3 d6m&lawoa
I HOUSE WANTED-'A 'two'toFry genteel
House for a small family, is wanted in a genteel
part of the city-if up town, on or near an omni-
bus line.. The rent must be low, but will be paid
promptly, and the beet care will be taken of the house.
Those having such a house will state the rent and situations
directed, 1315 upper postoffice. mh7
FOR SALE OR 'TO LEASE, jNo 558 Broad-
way-The highly finished ma'dern three story
S brick House and Lot, 28 flbet front and rear, by
20U feet deep, with two story brick stable on the
rear(on Crosby street.) The house was built by days'
work, of the best materials, and is replete with all the ie-
cent improvements, and conveniences. A large amount
of' the purchase money may remain on bond and morn.
gage for a term of years. For further particulars, &c,
apply to Mr N. JARVIS, No 153 Mulberry street, or at
the Bales room of the subscribers.
WILKINS, ROLLINS & CO. Auctioneeis,
my8 dtf 17 Broad st.
TO LET-The upper part of an elegant two
Story dwelling house, a short distance above Ca-
nal street, to a small family. One without child.
apl ren would be preferred. For further particulars
apply, with unexceptionable references, to
myll tf L. SHERMAN, 142 Fulton st.
SPLENDID COUNTRY SEAT FOR SALE.
SThe Mansion of thedlate Chancellor Sanford,
with the adjacent erou. df, at Flushing, Long
Island, will shoitlylbe offered for sale. The
house, built of brick and marble, is not fur-
passed by any private residence in the country, in
point of extent and convenience, and in the durability and
beauty of its structure. It can now be thoroughly exa-
minedby persons dtsirous to purchase.
The woods adjoining the mansion may be easilyicon-
verted into a spacious park. The situation is, in all ie.
aspects, eligible, being in a healthy location--witlrin e eht
miles fr1m the city-the site elevated, and with a cor
handing prospect, and the neighborhood embellished
with delightful country seats, in the highest state of culti.
ovation.
As it is presumed that the premises will be examined
by persons desirous to purchase, no farther description of
the property is deemed nec, asarv. |my22 tf
KIP ST'ATC', BORADWAY.-Trnesubscrij
ber offers for sale, by private contract, the entire
E Block of Ground in the 15th Ward, bounded by
r- Broadway and Mercer street, Washington and
Waverley places; being the most splendid site ior private
dwellir gs, or for a church, in the city. The ground is on
the most elevated part of Broadway, and surrounded by
valuaele improvements.
It will be sold in one parcel, or divided into 15 Lots, viz:
7 Lots on Broadway, (embracing the whole front from
Washington to Waverley places,) of about 261 by 96 feet
each; 4 Lots on Washington, and 4 do on Waverley place,
of 26 by 92 feet each
In case of a sale in separate lots, a uniibrm style of im-
provement will be required, and stipulations against nui-
sances. The title is indisputable, and the terms wiil be
accommodating For further particulars, and a view of
the map apply to
I. GREEN PEARSON, 29 Merchants' Exchange,
fe9 Hanover st.
STO BE LET.-The Cellar under the Store oc-
,..Ul.. la 8Athejib".c e ner of Water street
1811B aiim i orlins Blip, With two oonveni.nrontrarnces
.I.-Of from Water street anti Burling slip. The ceilht-
is large and dry.
mh5 tf E. & G. W. BLUNT.
SFOR SALI.-The neat two story brick House
NKo 18 Bedford street, is incomplete order, having
been painted and repaired last spring. Possession
will be given on the first May next. The greater
part of the purchase money may remain on bond and mort.
gage. Apply to
fe9 GRACIE k CO. 20 Broad street.
FOR SALE-The spacious 3 story House with
the lot in fee on the west side of the 5th Avenue,
the first house above W Brevoort's large man-
sion. The lot is 25 by 100, with a court yard of
15 feet, and there is a lot adjoining the rear which can be
obtained if wanted for a stable. It will be sold on accom-
modating terms. Possession the first of MaV next. Apply
to J. GREEN PEARSON,
fel4 .29 Merchants' Exchange
FOR SALE-Tne splendid new 3 story House
S with the Lot in fee, No. 3 University place, near
1|li Washington square; one of the best houses aria
L.Nu most desiraole residences in the city. It is 3 stones
exclusive of seller, easement and attic, all of which are
finished in the best modern style, with large parlrs, din-
ing room, bathing room, water closet, boilers, &c. cem-
plete. The matels in the principal story are of statuary
and Sienna marble, and the house has been built under the
superintendance of the subscniLer for the residence of the
preaenL owner. It is now ready -for occupation. For
terms, and a view ol the premises. Apply to
J. GREEN PEARSON, at No 5, next door,
ap27 or 27 Merchants' Exchange.
F O R SALE-The large vacar.t Lot at the Northwest
corner of Houston amn Mulberry streets, adjwinlng
the new 3 story houses on Houston street. The Lot is 35
feet front on Housion street, by about 100 feet in depth.
For terms, apply to
mhl I E. K. COLLINS & CO. 56 South st.
TO LET'--Several suits ot Offices, at No. 92
ij North side of Spruce. near to Nassau streets, as
rfS commodious and eligibly situated as any in the
city. Possession immediately or on the 1st May


Medical Portrait Gallery, s18 engravings, royal 8vo, half
morocco
Pictorial Pilgrim's Progress, 8vo, 25 engravings
Robert's Spanish Scenery. A superb work, proof im.
pressions on large paper, 4 vols, roval Svo, morocco.
New nrnd beautiful Illustrated edition of the Waverley
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lustrated by four different series of engravings; landscape,
portrait, historical and comic; originally published by Fin.
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T his is a new impression of the celebrated
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correctioAs, and improvem-ents; and is the only edition tin
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NOTICES.
N OTICM--At a meeting of the Trustees [of the New
York Life Insurance and Trust Company, held
Tuesday, June 4th, 1839. WILLIAM P. VAN RENSSE-
L AER, Esq. was unanimously nominated t fill a vacan-
cy in the Board of Trustees of said Com pany.
jeS 8v R. A. NICOLL, Secretary.
pIER NO. 12, EAST RIVER, BETWEEN OLD
I SLIP & COENTIES -LIP.-Public notice is here.
by given, to all the proprietors of the said Pier, that the
Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the City of New
York, have determined upon extending the said Pier 71
feet into the River.
And notice is hereby further given, to all the persons
concerned in the said Pier, that they are requested, an or
before the expiration of si z weeks from the date of this no.
tics and advertisement, to signify in writing, at the Street
Commissioner's Office, their intentions to contribute their
proportions respectively ot the expense of building the said
extension to the aforesaid Pier,or not to contribute tl.ereto,
as they may deem expedient.
And notice is heieby fulither given, that if any persons,
owners of, or interested ir the aforesaid Pier, shall neglect
or refuse to comply with the directions aforesaid,and shall
not bear or discharge their proportioned part of the ex.
penseofbuildinr gthe said extension to the aforesaid Piei,
that they will thereby forfeit all their interest in the wharf.
age arising therefrom, agreeably to the act of the Legisla-
ture, in such case made and provided.
Street Commisesimer's Office, June 10th.
jelOc6fiw JOHN EWEN. Street Commissioner.
M IR No. 14 EAST RIVER, between Old slip and
Qoenties slip.-Fublc notice is hereby given to all
the proprietors of the said pier, that the Mayor, Aldermen
and Commonalty of the City of New York, have :deter.
mined upon extending the said pier 66 feet-into the river.
And notice iA hereby further given to all the persons con
cerned in the said pier that they are requested on or before
the expiration of six weeks from the date of this notice and
advertisement, to signify at the Street Commissioner's Of-
fice their intentions to contribute their portions respectively
ofthe expense of building the said extension to the afore.
said pier, or not to contribute thereto, as they may deem
expedient.
ALd n tice is hereby further given, that if any persons,
owners of, or interested in the aforesaid pier, shall neglect
or refuse to comply with the directions aforesaid, and shall
not bear or discharge their proportional part of the expense
of building the said extension to t' e aforesaid pier, that
they will thereby forfeit all their interests in the wharfage
arising therefrom, agreeably to the act of the Legislature,
in such ease made and provided
JOHN EWEN, Street Commissioner.
Street Commiesioner's Office, June 10, 1839. jelO 6w
C ORPORATION NOTICE--Public notice is hereby
J given, that a resolution has been offered in the Board
of Aldermen, to renave East Broadway, between Jefferson
and Catharine streets.
Persons interested in the above proposition, and having
objections to tte same. are desired to present them in
writing, at this office, on or belbfore the 21st inst.
JOHN EWEN, Street Commissioner.
St. Commr'a Office, June It, 1839. jel2
ORPORATION NOTICE.-Punlic notice is hereby
Given, that an assessment for regulating and repaiv.
Ing Centre street, from Grand to Broome streets is comn.
pfleted and lodged in the Street Commissionei's Office for
exandinatirn,
And notice is hereby further giv-n, that if any persons
interested object to the confirmation of the above named
assessment, they are desired to present the same in writ-
ing, at this office, or or before the 21st inst.
JOHN EWEN, Street Commissioner.
St. Uommr's Office, June 10, 1839. jel2
lg" TAVERN AND EXCISE LICENSE.-Notice to
. every person vending, dealing in, or retailing Strong
or Spirituouis Liquors in the Cily of New York.
All persons who shall sell or deal in Strong or Spirituous
Liquors, [except Importers or Distillers selling any li.
quors imported or distilled by them, in quantities above
five gallons,] without having first obtained a License for
such purpose from the Mayor, and the respective Alder.
men and Assistants of the Wards in which they severally
reside,are su ject by Law, for each offered, to the pen.
alty of $25; and in case ot Retailers, to the additional
punishment, [by Indictmenr,] of fine and imprisonment.
Tavern and Excise Licenses will therefore be issued at the
Mayor's Office, City Hall, between the hours of 10 and 2
o'clock, on the days prescribed as follows, for each re.
spective Ward.
Ist Ward, Wednesday and Thursday, 15th and 16th May
2d do. Friday and Saturday, *17th and 18th May
3d do. Monday and Tuesday, 20th and 21st May
4th do Wednesday and Thursday, !22d and 23d May
5th do. Friday and Saturday, 24th and 25th May
6th do. Monday and Tuesday, 27th and 28th May
7th do. Wednesday and Thursday, a9th and 30th May.
8th do. Friday .nd Saturday, 31st May, lt June.
9th do. Monday and Tuesday, 8d and 4th June.
10th do -Wednesday and Thursday, 5th and 6th June.
11th do Friday and Saturday, 7th and 8th June.
12th do Monday and 'l uesday, 10th and 1 hh June.
13ith do Wednesday and Thursday, 12th and 13th June.
14th do Friday and Saturday, 14th. and 15th Jane.
15lth (, Motndy tn, Tue ay; 17ith and 8th June.
-i. ed,..d Ad '1'nuredayj l Ih atnd 20th Jpnc.
t7Ttwrtlo Friday and Saturday, 21st and 22d June.
3 Perosons now holding Licenses, are requested to
produce them when applying for renewal; also, special-
ly requestedto apply within the time as above, to avoidthe
penalties of the Law. By order,
JOHN MOUNT. First Marshal
New York, Mayor' office, May 1, 139. my7 tje27
LINE ARTS, BOOKS OF PRINTS, &c-Brocke-
F done's Passes of the Alps, illustrated with 109 large
engravings,2 vols, royal Svo
English School of Pairting and Sculpture, with about
4 0 engravings in outline by Revell, and descriptive letter
press in French and English. A new edition, offered at
halt the original price, 4 vols, 12mo, cloth or half moroc
CO.
Gallery ofPortraitsof IfS Emhnent Characters of L.11
ages anl ntionts, from autrrentic pictures, beautifully en-
graved, with biographical and historical letter press, 7
vols, royal 8vo
Gallery ot Verseilles. A work illustrative of that mag
nificent .National Collection of Paintings and Sculpture,
published under the patronage of the French Government,
quarto editbn, with the plates etched, 4 vols
Royal quarto, plates finely engraved, 4 vols
Imperialfolio, proof impressions on India paper, 4 vo's
Holborn's Portraits of the Court of Henry VIlIth-A
series of 80 exquisitely colored plates, like miniature draw.
ings, with historical letter press by Edmund Lodge, Esq,
imperial 4to, half morocco.
Sliakspeare Gallery-45 beautiful portraits of the Fe
male Characters ol Shakspeare's Plays, with letter press
A new ediion in quarto, elegantly bound in morocco. A
few copies colored. London, 1839
Vaticaro-The Vatican, described an] illustrated by
Erasmus Pistolesti, with 700 large and beau iful outline
engravings of all the tOrnaments. Fiirescoes, PaintIngs and
Statues in that celebrated Edifice, 7 vols, royal folio,
richly bound. Rome, 1833. This will be ready soon.
Wilkinson's Sketches in Spain-'T'inter and colored in
the style of drawings. Royal 4to
James (G P R) Book of the Passions, with 16 splendid
engravings, in the style 'fBuiwer's 'Leila,' royal $vo
Mart-n's Illustrations of .he Bible, imperial folio, cloth
Martn's.Milton-Paradise Lost; with 12 illustrations, by
John Martin. Royal vo, mo'occo, extra


phia sent for the ratification of the people the Consti-
tution of the United States, enacted, by the ordinance
for the government of the Northwestern Territory, that
there should be neither slavery nor involuntary servi.
tude within it, otherwise than for the punishment of
crimes; and when the power to prohibit the African
slave trade was so universally and implicitly under-
stood to be delegated to Congress by the general pow-
er to regulate commerce with foreign nations and
among the several States, that an express provision
was inserted in the Constitution restraining them from
the exercise of that power for twenty years, little was
it imagined that the day would come when, within
these United States, public men, ambitious of a name
and aspirants to popular favor, would be found to so-
phisticate slavery into a blessing, and to charge the
signers of the Declaration of Independence with delib-
erate falsehood and perjury-with treason to their
country and blasphemy to God. Yet so it is. Itf the
principles proclaimed in the Declaration of Independ.
ence as self-evident truths are not true ; if it be not
"true that all men are created equal; if they are not
endowed by their Creator with inalienable rights,
among which are life, liberty, anid the pursuit of happi-
ness ; if Governments are not instituted to secure these
rights, and do not derive their just powers from the
consent of the governed-then the people of the United
'nlnnioe had nn right to renonce their allpcriann t.o


Mr. Adams' Second Letter.
The National Intelligencer, of May 27, contains a
second letter from the venerable champion of the righ
of petition. It is larger than the other, and quite as
elaborately written.
LETTER II.
To the Citizens of the United States, whose Petitions;
Memorials, and Remonstrances have been entrusted to
me, to be presented to the House of Representatives
gf the U. States, at the third session of the twenty-fifth
Congress.
QUINCY, May 21,1839.
FELLOW.CITIZENS : In a preceding letter, publish-
ed in the National Intelligencer of 23d April last, 1 in-
formed you of the mannefin which the duty had been
. discharged of presenting to the House of Representa-
tives the addresses to that body, which it had been
your pleasure to commit to my care.
Of the duty of the House to receive, to hear, to con-
sider, and to answer those petitions, memorials, and
remonstrances, I had no more doubt than of my own
duty to present them, and to ask the action of the
House upon them, from the moment when they were
entrusted to my hands.
The majority-a large majority of the House, how-
ever, were of a different opinion, and, following the ex-
ample which had been set by the Congress immediate-
ly preceding, and by themselves at the last preceding
session, they resolved to receive, but to lay on the ta-
ble, without reading, without printing, without debating
and without in any manner considering, every petition,
memorial, resolution, proposition, or paper touching
or relating to slavery in these United States, or the
abolition thereof.
This resolution, you perceive, is not merely a gener-
Sal interdict of petitions and memorials from the people,
but of resolutions, propositions, or papers, whether
presented by members of the'House itself, or coming
from lawful assemblies of the people, or from the Le-
gislatures of the States. It is precisely the same in re-
sult as if the House of Representatives had? prohibited
all its members from ever offering a resolution or ad-
dressing the Speaker upon any subject relating to sla-
very or the slave trade. It is equivalent to a prohibi-
tion to the people to assemble together to discuss the
merits and demerits of slavery and the slave, trade. It
is in the result precisely the same as if the House
should send a guard of soldiers to close the doors of
every Legislative Hall in the Union against all discus.
sion upon the rights of man, the self-evident truths of
the Declaration of Independence, slavery, the slave
trade and its abolition. At every passage of this reso-
lution I have felt deep indignation-but far deeper hu-
miliation. I have felt indignant at the suppression of
my right as a member of the House-of the right of my
constituents to use the privilege of freemen, to assem-
ble together and to deliberate upon freedom and slave-
ry-of the right of the*Legislature of my native Com-
monwealth to pass resolutions expressing their detes-
tation and that of their constituents of slavery in all its
forms. But the deep humiliation that I have felt was
as an American citizen. It was the consciousness of
degradation from the lofty stand we had taken among
the nations of the earth, as the first proclaimers of the
inalienable freedom of the human race. The ignomin-
ious transformation of the people who had commenced
their career in the world by the Declaration of Inde-
pendence, into a nation of slave-traders and slave-
breeders, for dale, was a contemplation mortifying be-
yond endurance.
I considered the institution of domestic slavery exist-
ing in the southern States of the Union as a misfortune
entailed upon them in their colonial condition, which,
at the time of the Revolution, they considered in that
light themselves. It was, however, a part of their in-
ternal organization, over which the Congress of the Re-
volution had never exercised jurisdictio andwhichWo
long as it could be maintained in peace, was reserved
for the exclusive 'legislation of the several States.-
There was obviously a gross inconsistency between the
principles proclaimed in the Declaration of Independ.
enee and the practice of holding human beings in per-
petual and hereditary bondage; and the supreme judi-
cial tribunal of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
had decided, even before the conclusion of the Revolu-
tionary war, that the principles of the Declaration of
Independence, repeated in the Declaration of Rights
prefixed to the Constitution of the State, had ipsofacto
aboliwhed all slavery within the State.
Daring the war, and for several years after, slaves
were considered as very unprofitable property. When
the Constitution of the United States was adopted, the
people of the free States were anxiously desirous of
prohibiting the importation of negroes from Africa.-
South Carolina and Georgia were, however, not pre-
pared for that, and a compromise was effected, by
which a term of twenty years was allowed for pro-
curing a supply of the article, and the trade was pro-
hibited in 1808.
But, in the mean time, cotton had become a staple ar-
ticle of our exportation, and some years after the Colon-
ization Society was instituted.
Human foresight is sometimes strangely at fault in
devising expedients for improving the condition of man-
kind. The African slave trade was, if not introduced,
countenanced and recommended by Las Casas, one of
the most amiable and benevolent of mankind, to save
he Indian race from utter extermination.
When the Congress of the Confederation, in the
same year (1787) in which the convention at Philadel-


dreds and perhaps thousands of years must elapse in
the progress of this improvement in the condition of
the only rational tenant of the terrestrial globe, there
cannot be a doubt, nor is it less clear that the principles
proclaimed in the Declaration of Independence ag self-
evident truths, to be carried into practical execution by
all human Governments, are among the most effective
means by which this progress is to be completed.
That the glaring inconsistency between the institu-
tion of domestic hereditary slavery and these princi-
ples proclaimed as self-evident truths was one of the
errors and infirmities of man, which would" most speedi-
ly be made to vanish from the American code of legis-
lation, was universally expected. In thirteen States
of this Union, slavery has been actually abolished.
In seven more, until very recently, the friends of free-
dom have cherished the sanguine hope and expectation
that this curse would be banished from their borders;
but, in the mysterious ways of Providence, while, in
the opinion of mankind, slavery has been growingmore
and more odious; while all the civilized nations of the
earth have been combining to exterminate the African
slave trade, and to class it with the detested crime of
piracy, here, in our country, slavery, like a wounded
rattlesnake, has turned upon her pursuers, and not only
thrusts out her deadly fang in self-defence, but threat-
ens with her mortal venom to contaminate us all.


cw'


rr I


_ ___ _~ __


over the island of Britain. Dr. Samuel Johnson, the
most renowned moralist of the age, could earn hie pen.
uion of three hundred pounds a year by- proqimg,
sesquipedalian prose, that taxation without represent.
tion, was no tyranny. And Soame Jenyns, the philo.
sopher and poet, the ingenious authorof the Internal
Evidences of Christianity, to whom Paley is so deeply
indebted-Soame Jenyns, the poet'and metaphygieians
the protpund discourser upon the nature .f time 'and
the origin of evil, and the tont translator o the
Latin poem of Browne on the Immortality of theSoul,
not only considered the right and expediency' of taxing
the colonies by Parliament indisputably clear; but, in
a disquisition on government and civil liberty, has' so
completely forestalled-the philosophers of nullification
of the present day in their warfare against the self-
evident truths of the Declaration of Idlepenrience,
that their omission to give him credit for their arguments
leaves them not entirely free from the. imputation of
plagiarism.
In estimating the opinions of others upon politics, re-
ligion and morals, while we are bound to follow -exch-
sively the dictates of our own judgment, enlightened by
the honest and faithful search after'. truth, we must
make large allowances and exercise a liberal spirit of
toleration. In the moral question of the North Ameri,
can Revolution, the primary source of all the arguments
on the British side was constituted power. "-Thiff ii
ments on the American side were all drawn from ele-
mentary right. When the basement story of the edifice
is laid, the superstructure naturally ri-es upon conrres-
ponding principles of architecture.. The framers of the
Declaration of Independence could justify themselves
and their country-first, for their resistance against
oppression; and, finally, for undertaking and accom.
plishing the Revolution-upon no other principles than
those which they declared. If their principles were
unsound, American independence was nothing more'
than successful rebellion g -
I adhere to the ethics of the Revolution. The self-
evident truths of the Declaration of Independence are
still self-evident truths, whether contested by the Chan-
cellor of thie British Exchequer or by a professor at the
College of William and Mary; whether clashing with.
the law of a Chief Justice of the Court of King',
Bench, or with the equity of a Chancellor of the-State
of South Carolina.
That the Lords North and Mansfield, and the- vast
majority of their contemporary countrymen, weri sin-
cere in the belief that they had a righteous cause, arid
that Washington and Franklin, Hancock and Richard
Henry Lee, Roger Sherman and Arthur Middleton,
were rebels and traitors, we have no reason to doubt.
The truths of the Declaration of Independence are not
limited by time or place; they belong to the nature of
man in every age and every clime. They maybe hsub-
dued, but can never be suppressed. They are' truths
at Constantinople and Pekin, at London and Paris, at
Charleston and at Philadelphia. They were truth# in
the days of Abraham and' of Solomon, of Zor'aster
and Confucius; but as truths to influence human cQn-
duct, they were unknown to all the nations ot iptiquity.
They were revealed in the Gospel of Jesus, but were
never expressly made the foundation of human govern-
ment until they were proclaimed in the Declaration of
Independence. But the Christian system of morals,
while disclosing as eternal truth the natural equality of
mankind, left all its practical consequences hfitrtfi
effect upon existing institutions toa helo* ani'ltdlt dQ
process of the human intellect. The rKigd ofni
Heaven was the name by which Jesus Christ announced
his system of religion and morality to the world'; but he
said it was a kingdom not of this world. H11e did notsay
that it was to demolish the three hundred' thousand
Gods of the Roman empire. Far, Jess did he avow
that it was to emancipate his country from tributary
subjection to the Roman Emperor. On the contrary,
--theuih-diatinctly contesting the right of the RAU :n-
Government to exact itribute from him, he perforuied 'a
miracle to pay the tribute for himself and his first
Apostle; and when asked, for the express pui'pose of
entangling him, whether it was lawful to pay tribute to
Cosar, he avoided the snare by an indirect and inde
cisive answer. He disclaimed all intention of destroy-
ing the ritual of the Levitical law, and left it as a mat-
ter of grave controversy between his principal disciples
till the abolition of that law was expressly disclosed in
a vision to Peter.
But, although the Kingdom of Christ was not of this
world, -and although Christ himself cautiously avoided
all direct collision with existing institutions, religious
or political, it was distinctly foreseen, even during his
life, and still more clearly immediately after his death,
that the Mosaic law, the Roman worship of idols, and
the Roman dominion over tributary provinces must
eventually be abolished by the prevalence of Christiani-
ty. And whoever faithfully studies thle.Christian sy.-
tem as a code of religion and morals, and exercises in
reflection upon it the intellectual faculty bestowed up-
on him by his Maker, cannot possibly fail of coming to
the conclusion that all violence, tyranny and~6ppression,
all exercise of unjust power by man over man, must
ultimately fall before it. In the book of futurity, there-
fore, it is written as clearly as in the Gospel of Christ,
that war and slavery shall cease to exist upon earth;
that nation shall HO more rise.against nation, neither
shall there be war any more. But of the period of
time within which this revolution in the history of
mankind, and this purification of the human character,
is to be consummated, we have no distinct revelation,
nor is human reason competent to foresee. That hun-


loll


'CRNR ROD


VOL.xxv- M I-qa--r










NEWV-YORK AMIERICAN.
THURSDAY EVENING, JUNE 20, 1839,
Office, No. Ili Wall street, corner of Broad st.

EMRIR CORRECTED.-In the introductory rr-
marks to the extract in last evening's paper from
Mr. Chilton Allan's speech, the phrase "keen
irony" was printed keen wrong,"--which, of
course, made nonsense of the sentence.

The President has written a letter to the Demo-
cratic General Committee, in answer to one from
them, desiring to be informed of the probable pe-
riod of his arrival in .this city, in which, with much
good taste, as it seems to us, and some tact too, he
declines all pflblic entertainments-and desires that
there may be as little formality as possible in the.
manner of his reception.
Travelling, as he says, in a private conveyance,
he cannot fix with certainty the day when he will
reach this city-but hopes to do so on the first J uly.
The two thousand dollars voted by the Common
Council, for the expenses of receiving -the Presi-
dent, will now, it may be presumed, be saved to
thecity.

SGEN. MACOMB AND THIE FLoIlIDANs.-The
St. Augustine Herald of 6th complains of G n.
Macomb's pacification, and holds this language:
Major Gen..Macomb arrives in a steamboat at
Black Creek, crosses over to Fort King, meets a
few Indians of no note, with women and children,
to eat, drink, and be clothed; ard returns to
Washington, after issuing the foregoing docu-
ment, pompous and untrue, to glorify, himself as a
.negotiator, to deceive., the Government and
people of the Union; and to fasten future odium
upon Florida.
It is also alleged that the reputed chief with
whom the arrangement was made, has no authori-
ty whatever. We. quote the following:
This ChittoTustedugge (or Chittee Amathla,)
has been known to inhabitants of this place for
twenty-five years, only as a common Indian,
which his appearance indicates, like all his gene-
ration; and that the. evidence of his being now
clothed with any authority whatever, is the word
of the negro interpreter, Sandy Perryman, who
says, that on going among the Indians te invite
them to the talk, he found Sam Jones so thick-
headed, and Wild Cat such a fool, that Hu (the
negro,) made Chitto Tustenuigge chief, and brought
him to make a treaty with the General. That is,
a negro. slave in the employ of the U. S. Army,
makes a chief of a common Indian, and upon an
agreement with this man, the Commander-in-
Cnief proclaims that he has terminated the war!
Well may our people say the General was so de-
termined upon making a treaty, that he would have
made one-had nobody else met him-with a
squaw! -Another negro interpreter, quite as
worthy of credit as Sandy, on being asked what he
thought of peace, replied: "No safety yet-dis
man no chiefat all-white men always take com-
mon Indian, call him chief, and den believe ebry
ting he say."
Whether Chitto was delegated to make a treaty
or not, he certainly had a private object in his vi-
sit, which was the release of his two'children, and
his wife, or cousin, who were prisoners at Black
Creek and who accompanied him home. While
here -he used repeatedly in presence of Spaniards,
most violent hostile language towards Ameri-
cans, to the effect that the Iniians were their mai-
ters, and would have the country again. Gene-
ral Macomb had presented him with a large silver
medal, having on one side a bust of the President,
and on the other, two hands clasped, as a symbol
of peace. On *one occasion, to mark his disdain
for the people and the Government, he held up this
medal)*pit 'upon it, and cast it from him with ex-
ecrations of the greatest contempt.'
Thus to gratify a childish vanity, unbecoming
his years-to enable him to return to Washington
Spost-haste, proclaiming, I came, -I saw, I con-
quered," has Gen. Macomb forgotten the denuncia-
tions against those who cry PRACE, when there is
SNoo peace. We .have lately traversed the country,
300. miles from the Onattahoochee, to the St.
John's, and witnessed, along the whole route, plain-
tation after plantation abandoned, and house after
house desolate, or in ashes; while a tale of horror
was connected with each, and mound. by the way-
side marked the silgat resting-place of the murder-
ed inhabitants.
We call the attention of the Government, and
'people of the Union, to the manner in which our
lives and property continue to be made the sport
of the periodically changing policy of successive
General. officers, who make their appearance.
among us, apparently only to undo, whatever good
may have been contemplated" by their predecessors.
While,.to elate the vain glory of one individual,
who has visited the country twiee, the first time
to gtkflk aout hitplay .f"Ponwc," and the'next to
talk with Chaitto Tgstenuggee, created "' principal.
chief of the Bomipoles" by a, nigger follower of the
army, our hanfts fare tiedl by a pretended treaty ;
the arm and knife of the savage hangs free and
uneheathfed over very dwelling from. this to Tal-
lahasme.' .


FaAVi 0x ONnU4"tbA3a.-T5be St. Louis (Mis-
eou~ri) ft ~liesthas daken the pains to codense,
0o 4 to:gi.A stisftotOaryiw; in a small space,
doqumentNo, 9, pbtished under orderr of the
last House of RBpr vesv; and surely,.in the
wh6le of this Admniistration,.amou* the many in-
stances of te villainous exercise of power, there is
not one more outrageous than is here disclosed.-
The document comprises the correspondence of the
department itarelation to the execution of the trea.
ty with the Winnebago Indians. The treaty was
maidein 1837, at -Washington, and the Indians
agresadto-cede to tha UnMiid States: their lands on
thd east side of the M issippi. In the payments
-to b loade by the United States Government,
there were two stipulations: first, that 0150,000
should be applied to the payment of the debts of
the traders with the Winnebagoes-aecond, that
the United States should pay to the relations and
friends of said Indians, having not more than one
quarter of Winnebago blood, one hundred thousand
dollars. In order to ascertain the proper indivi-
duals who were to receive this money, the Govern-
dnpent appointed'two ommissioners--Gen. Simeon
|l)ameron,ofPennsylvania, and Mr. James Mur-
ray, of Maryland-to prijeWd to the west, and
There obtain the required information. With them
went a lawyer from Philadelphia, named D. M.
Brodhea4' who appeared as the legal adviser, but,
as the document referred to shows, went but to
speculate or assist in speculating and defrauding
the poor Indians out of phat the Government had
unanfmisnly' proposed to give them. Arrived at
the place of deetiationi, they euomMenced the work
for which thy'.were despatched, "but, instead of
awadfng to 'tose Otned' to it the amount due
them they cotmmeneed a system of buying up
Scimms, oMr which, it appears they were well
prepared, Brodhead. acting as the saet in all
these itansaejtien," Claimsi worth fiftee- hundred
Sand two thousand dollars. were bought for four or
five hundred-not bought" fairly and honorably, but
the holders were induced to sell, from misrepresen-
tation and a course of deception practiced upon
.them. It is not exactly known now much was
made by the speculation, but the least estimitte is
put at sixty thousand dollars. Fortunately for the
cause ofjustice, however, Major.Hitchcock, who


have the. unblushing eltrontery to tall it a legal
transaction, in which Brodhead sold his legal ser-
vices, as counsel to. the Half Breeds, and is now
justly entitled to the money. Efforts through po-
litical influences, and the aid of prominent political
men, have been attempted to operate on the Secre-
tary of War, to induce him to reconsider his de
cision rejecting the report of the Commissioners ;
.but, with a firmness which doescredit to his charac-
ter as a man and an- officer, he has withstood them
all, and set aside their report. The consequence
of this course will be, that Brodhead and Cameron,
will lose their money, or else must seek it of the
Half Breeds, whom they havecheated and defraud-
ed-a consummation which their conduct richly
merits."
The whole transaction seems to have been but
one continued series of frauds, almost, if riot quit
unparalleled, even in this day.-[Bait. Chron.l

[For the .New York Ilmerican.1
COTTON-AND A DROP OF COMFORT.
Mr. Editor: The longer I live, the more fre-
quent are the evidences I encounter of the truth
of the old saying, that "there is nothing new un-
der the sun;" or, in other words,-" what is, has
been;. and what has been, now is,"-except, per-
haps, .,tlantic steamboats, and 30 miles per hour
locomotives on railroads.
The mercantile world now is all agog about
Cotton ; and it is asserted, that the like of the pre-
sent times never before was witnessed. This may be
so-but, after reading the following cuttings from
the New York American, I leave you and your
readers to decide. But first permit me to inform
you, that last evening I took up the .New York
lmerican to read the news, when my eye was at-
tricted by the following, which appeared tome to
be "very late news," and very important, too; and
so I read:
I From Bell's Weekly Messenger of May 31.]
GENERAL STAGNATION OF TRADE
AND COMMERCE.
The distresses of the country have again been
brought before Parliament on the Birmingham pe-
tition, which was presented by the Earl of Carnar-
von, which was answered by the Duke of Wel-
lington. It is admitted on all hands that our
manuFactures and commerce are in a most embar-
rassed condition, and that our home consumption
is suffering as much as our export i rade; that con-
fidence has almost disappeared between man and
man ; and that so little assistance can be obtained
on credit, from the known diminution of the pro-
fits of trade, that the capitalist refuses to make ad-
vances, and reposes in a sort of sullen contentment,
upon the interest of his investments, without ex-
Sposing 'them to the hazard of speculation. It is
quite clear that such a system must produce gene-
ral stagnation and distress. Money is the manure
by which-the field of commerce is invigorated and
refreshed; and, therefore, when the capitalist is
discouraged, and locks up his money in public se-
curities, the general merchant and trader is neces-
sarily distressed.
The Duke of Wellington, in a very intelligent
speech, contends that our productive industry is as
great as ever; that the raw staples of our m.tnu-
factures were never more abundantly imported
from abroad; that cotton, wool, hemp, and colonial
produce, have flowed in upon us with an unusual
plenty. Wheince, then, he asks, any genuine
cause of complaint ? Here are the means of em-
ployin.industry and setting the people to work ;
and consumption, however depressed at present,
must in a short period revive.
The Chronicle contains some interesting debates
in Parliament concerning the distress of the com-
mercial and manufacturing classes, the "supera-
bundant population" in Canada, and the slave
trade. In reference to the stagnation of business,
Mr. Peel remarked-
"There had been an over-production of several
articles. The bad harvest had a combined effect.
The American Tariff was another cause. He
could not allow that Government ought to attempt
to meet this Tariff by smuggling'; but he believed
that individuals would counteract it, and that Ame-
rica would find herself as much injured by her Ta-
riff, as England had been injured by har restric-
tive system in the Silk Trade. The war in the
Levant, and the civil dissensions in South Ameri-
ca, and the State 'of Portugal, had concurred to
cause stagnation and commercial distress. He
thought, however, that the vessel would have bet-
ter chance of success if he she were left to right
herself. The system of factory labor, instead of
manual labor, had produced great consequences^
for when' weaving was done by hand, in time of
stagnation workmen could subsist upon their for-
mer savings, but this was not the case with ma-
chine'laborers. Machinery was often so expen-
sive, tha' the.proprietors would work at a loss of
ten per cent. rather than stop the machinery. For
the last ten years at Manchester, machinery had
improved in powers of production in the ratio of
10 percent. per annum. Few persons had attribu-
ted enough to the importation of laborers from Ire-
land.
"A greater number of Irish. laborers in the
manufacturing districts were out of employ than
people could 'imagine, and the magistrates relieved
them. rather than pass them to their -parishes, re-
flecting that as they had contributed to the pros-
perity of the places, they had a right to relief'when
in distress. Where the passage was so low, and


this country possessed the advantage of a legal
provision for the poor, it was impossible to- check
the influx of Irish laborers, and this fact would
suggest important alterations in the state of the
law (hear, hear, hear!) He felt convinced that
any alterations with respect to the value of the
currency would be attended with the greatest evils
to every class." -
Mr. A. Baring said--
"He would allow that the fluctuations of profit
and loss, of good and bad years, was the nature of
mercantile business. It was a fallacy to suppose
that the fluctuations of trade could be accounted
for: they occurred without any outward or visible
sign, and defied the philosopher to detect the cause.
Stagnation was not peculiar to this country; for
Lyons, Routen, and the whole manufacturing dis-
tricts of the Seine, were equally distressed with
England. He was sorry to hear the distress attri-
buted to so many different causes; but he was
firmly of opinion that a steadiness of the value of
money was of all things most desirable, nor could
a government alter the standard of the currency
without the most gross violation of justice." A
more conspicuous cause of the state of- our trade
was the tariff of the United States. No person
could doubt but that the first effect of the tariff was
to increase the demand of that country for our
commodities-and ultimately to diminish it. The
merchants, afraid of wanting supplies which they
would not be able to procure after the tariff came
into operation, sent over large orders to this coun-
try. In the year immediately prior to the tariff
coming into operation, the amount of our exports
to America was upwards of 16,000,0001, while the
exports of the previous year were only 8,200,0001.
These large exports were followed by a total ces-
sation of our ordinary trade. Hewas glad to hear
the right hon. gentleman.refer to the other States
of America-the former Spanish Colonies, which
were now the seats of civil war and confusion. It
was very unfortunate that such was their condi-
tion; and any effort of ours, short of direct inter-
ference, which could put an end to that state of
confusion, would be a great benefit to this country.
The population of the United States was now be-
coming rather crowded, and the people were set-
ting up manufactures for themselves. It was,


are apt totllow shor,4nes; and that, in a word,
there never was a day so cloudy that there was not
b'ue sky beyond the clouds; and though, aas.we see
above, that gloom was prevalent on 31st May,"
yet. that on 9.h June, Cutton was "firm a.t Liver;
pool."
MrXIco AND TEXAS.-Col. Bee, who was sent
by Texas to the city of Mexico, to negotiate if
possible, a recognition of the independence of
Texas, has failed in his mission, and was on his'
return to TexasoA letter from him, on board the
.French frigate Id Gloire, bound to the Havana,
is the authority for this statement.
On the other hand, there are rumors from Mexi-
co, of a new attempt being in preparation against
Texas. This does not seem to us probable. The
last two years have added much to the population
and strength of Texas, while, during the satre
period, through dissensions and civil war, Mexico
has been losing strength. What she could not ac-
complish against a handful, when her own resour-
ces were more'unbroken, she is not now likely to
undertake against a much larger community, and
with diminished means of attack.
There is no doubt, we believe, that vessels of
war of light draft of water-brigs and schooners-
are preparing in the'United States for Texas, to be
commanded and cfficered chiefly, it is said, by
young officers of the American Navy. We do not
like the notion of our officers thus adventuring into
a foreign service. It is making too much a trade
of their honorable profession. The days are past-
never, we hope, to return-when it was deemed
meritorious for a fighting-man to take service
wherever there was honor and danger. War is
now no longer looked upon as a harmless'pastime,
or glorious strife, in which the chivalry of the world
may engage in mere levity of heart. It is now felt
and acknowledged to be a great evil, and-except
in the extremes cases-a great crime; and offi-
cers, naval and military, are more prone, than at
former periods, to ask themselves, before girding
on the sword, whether the quarrel is just, and,
above all, whether it.is their country's.
The Dalgettys, and like mercenaries, who, for
pay and provant, were ready to fight on any side,
have long since passed away-nor is there much
more toleration now for those who go to seek fame
and promotion in fighting for a cause not their
own.
FROm FLORIDA.-The St. Augustine News, of
June Sih, states, that Picolata is to be abandoned,
and the sick are.to be removed to Fort Heilemnan.
On the 26th ult., 18 miles from Fort Fanning,
two privates of Co.pt. Bradley's Volunteer Com-
pany were'killed by Indians. One of the -party
was scalped three times.
FORT KIN, May 30.
A few Indians have come in since I last wiote.
A large number, with Tiger Tail, and several other
chiefs, will be here in a day or two. The chiefs
never asked Gen. Macomb whether they would
be permitted to remain permanently south of Pease
Creek, and he never told them that they would
not. If the Indians should be permitted to remain
in Florida, it will bea fatal blow to the prospe-
rity of the Territory; and every Floridian ought
to raise his voice against so suicidal a measure.
"1 Since writing tie above, our negro interpreter,
(Murray) who is the best and most useful man we
have in that capacity, was shot in the side by a
scoundrel named Edgar, who is Orderly Sergeant
of the Company that garrisons this post.- The
ball passed immediately over the stomach, but
under the p ritoneum, and I think is lodged in the
liver. He is still alive,*but his chance of recovery
is very slim. He had not been shot more than an
hour, when a couple of chiefs arrival here, but
having no interpreter, I cannot tell you what news
they bring from the interior. To-morrow they
will bring in with them from a camp nine miles
from here, another Indian negro who will interpret
for us."
[The murder of the negro Murray was accom-
panied with circumstances of great wantonness.-
Sergeant EdJgar complained to Col. Whistler that
Mujrray w s kfinWUyo. < b'm. and wa. informed
,intc he matter stiould be examined into, and, if
guilty, punished; The Sergeant insolently de-
manded it then, and was ordered to his quarters;
from whence he tork a rifle, and went to Murray's
tent, and whilst sleeping, discharged the contents
into his stomach J
Murray was captured in 1836, and belonged to
Micapotaka, now West, and was considered the
best guide' in the nation. It is rather surprising
that, under these circumstances of outrage, Ed-
gar u should have been bailed at Newnansville.-
(News.)
ACCIDENT AT JACKSoNVILLE.-A melancholy
accident occurred at Jacksonville on Monday last,
by the upsetting of a sail boat belonging to that
place. A parry of gentle men, consisting of Capt.
Stratton and son, Mr. Mayo and Dr. Stewart,
were sailing on a pleasure excursion, and the wind
freshening rather too much, were engaged in short-
ening sail, when the boat capsized, and Mr. Mayo
and Dr. Stewart perished. Captain Stratton and


son were discovered in. their perilous situation,
and rescued from the fate.of their companion ;--
(News.)
FRCM VERA CRUz.-By the way of Galveston
late dates have been received at New Orleans from
Vera Cruz, by the Empresario, Captain Longcope,
from that por, having sailed the. 2nd instant.-.
The advices from Mexico are to the 28th ultimo.
The Federal prisoners'taken under Mexia-are ma-
ny of them employed in working the streets of Ve-
ra Cruz, and are treated with the greatest cruelty.
The Government papers state that the number of
Federalits killed and wounded at the overthrow of
Maxia is 600. .
General Lemas, with 1700 Federalists, is still in
the vicinity of Monclova, and now seems to be re-
garded by the Government party as their most
formidable enemy. He is said to be a brave and
skilful officer, and very much esteemed by his par-
ty. There is not a single vessel of the Mexican
navy left. The Gazettes represent the government
much straitened in its pecuniary resources by the
late difficulties, and it is proposed to dismiss all the
supernumerary officers, curtail the pay of the re-
mainder, stop all pensions, increase the taxes, and
again resort to -fore d, loans. It is thought the
church will be called upon to disgorge some of its
enormous treasure. Col. Bee left Vera Cruz, for
Havana the 29th ultimo. Santa Anna, it is said,
is watched with too much jealousy for him to be
of any service to Texas, were he so disposed.
In Tampico the Federalists still resisted the ef-
forts of the Cenralists to put them down. It was
thought that the contest between the two parties
was not yet by any means ended. The Govern-
ment papers.boast muc of the victory over Mexia,
and say that it is now oqly necessary to send 12
.or 15,000 men to overrun Texas, in order to eradi-
cate every trace of insubordination. On the sub-
ject of the threatened invasion, the Galveston Ga-
zettee well remarks that the notion is preposterous.
When the Mexican Government allows a body of
insurgents, numbering scarcely more than a thou-
sand of its own imbecile citizen, to*place its own
existence in the utmost jeopardy, requiring all its
energies to put down the tumult, it is scarcely to
be anorehended that without unanimity nmnnwr its


GAME LAWS-AS the-period approaches for
woodcock-shooting, poachers and purveyors for our
city eating-houses are bestirring themselves to
teke time by t'e forelock.
We caution all such, that there is a pretty good
look-out kept upon unfair sportsmen-and that
arrar'gements are made to prosecute every viola-
tion of the law that can be traced and proved.
The period for shooting woodcock in this State
is from the lst July to 1st January.
In New Jersey it is between the fifth fJuly and
the.Ist January. Of course, the 4Lh Ju!y is a for-
bidden day, and of this, those who are in the habit
of shooting in the Jerseys should take notice, for at
Newark, aEtiabethtown, Rahway, Chatham, and
elsewhere, associations have been formed, and vigi-
lance committees appointed, to take care that the
law be not violated. For fourth of July shooters,
there will be a special look-out.

PHILADBLPHIA LOAq COMPANY.-We learn that
the Philadelphia Loan Company" stopped pay-
ment yesterday, an assignment having been made
for the benefit of the creditors of the institution. It
is understood that this catastrophe was hastened
by the excited state of the public mind in relation
to corporate bodies.. It is said that the means of
this loan company are sufficient to indemnify the
smaller creditors.- (Pennsylvanian.)

A steam frigate called the Cyclops, is building
at Pembroke, Eng., and nearly ready for launch-
ing. She will be the largest man of war steamer
in the world.

CHANCES or MARRIAoE.-The following cu-
rious statement by Dr. Granville is taken from an
English paper. It is drawn from the registered
easesof876 women, and is derived from their an-
'swers as to the age at which they respectively mar-
ried. Of the 876 females, there were married
rears of .1ge.. Years of dige.
3 at 13 28 at 27
11 14 22 22
13 15 17 29
43 16 9 30
45 17 7 31
66 18 5 32
115 19 7 33
118 20. 5 34
85 21 2' 3.5
85 22 0 36
54' 23 2 37
53 24 0 38
36 25. 1 39
34 26 0 40

A REMARKABLE CHARACTER.-Dr. Radcliffe,
of free spoken notoriety, who told William 1lid,
that he would not have his two legs for his three
kingdoms, or-Abernethy of our day. could not be
more rude and unceremonious in manners ihan
John Taylor..H- charged all alike, rich and poor;
and such a charge! hear it, 0 ye doctors !-eigh-
teen pence a week for medic ne and attendance.-
It was plain .he did not want to make a fortune;
and yet,'ev n at this rate, such were the immense
numbers who flocked to him, he did m;ke a for-
tune. The rich, it it true, who received benefit
from him, often made him handsome presents; but
if they made these before they left, they got no bet-
ter attendance than they would have done without
-for it was his principle to do all that his art could
for every one ; and, if the poor Cever paid him, as
many never dlid, be never asked them for it; they
staid as long as they pleased, and then went when
they pleased; They had lodgings in the cottages
ot tho~village, and I believe that it.was owing to
the need of lodgings that the village itself sprang
np. There was a subscription-box kept to help
such of the poor as could not help themselves; and
when J,, hn Taylor heard of any cases of great need
amongst them, he would carry round the box him-
self amongst the more affluent of his patients, and
contribute liberally too. It was no wonder that
such numbers hastenied to the Whitworth Doctor.
The medical men of the neighborhood, of course,
exerted all their influence against the spread of
John Taylor' extraordinary reputation, and care-
fully trumpeted about all the cases in which they
could learn thct he had been unsuccessful; and no
doubt there wire plenty of these, especially as al-
most ever _p-" went to him-had been un-
.'der it land of,'aegla"lr practitioner till his faith
had failed, and a great proportion of them were
such as had b~en dismissed from hospitals and in.
firmaries as in urable. But John Taylor cared for
none of these hinge.
It was his d ily delight to deride the skill of the
medical men 0f the country ; and, sure enough, he
had always bore him plenty of instances of sig-
nal failures ontheir p .rt. Ay," he us' d to say,
as he sat dressing his patients, and looking round
hirw on perham such a group of cripples and in-
valids as no inirmary in England contained, the
doctors call nm a quack and a horse-doctor; but
who has been doctoring you, I wonder 1 What
makes you all come to .Whitworth, eh!.if you
have good doctlirs at home ? I should like to know
that. Can an] one tell me that?" And then he
would laugh, did tell them what had passed be-
tween, him ana the neighboring doctors. "A fa-
mous doctor ofeanchester," s:id he, on one occa-


sion, and nam ig a leading physician, "met me
the other day, as I was going along the street.
'Well, John Tylor,' said he, 'you go on killing
as usual, I suppose.' Ay, repli,.d 1, to humor the
man, but at a sdnewhat cheaper rate than thou
dost." That John did some signal cures, there can
be no question.
It is probable that his clear, strong head, and an
intuitive turn for .uvgery, gave a precise know-
ledge of what his drugs and applications could ef-
feet, and that his boldness carried him through
what more scientific bands dared' not have under-
taken. I knew a'lady well who had been given
up by the ablest -swgeons of. her neighborhood.
Her complaint was cancer in her breast. Though
living a hundred Wblls from Whitworth, she' re-
solved, as a last' source, to go to John Taylor.
When John exami*d the.breast, he looked at her
and said--" What Ot thou come here for, woman ?"
The lady, who waa woman of dauntless heart,
replied, To be e*aed, to be sure." "Cured I"
said John, in a stern voice, "Not all the doctors in
England can cure thee; thou may go home again,
and dee!" I tell you, John Taylor," replied the
lady, "1 shall do hoosuch-thing. I came here to see
whether you were s much cleverer than other men
as you are represented. Try your hand, John Tay-
lor, on me. You htik I am afraid of being hurt, but
you are mistaken :I can bear what you can inflict ;
and I say, try your hand-let it be kill or cure. I
can but die at last.' "Thou art a-brave latee" re-
plied John, in evii ent surprise, "then I wilt try,
and God prosper ueboth!" The lady remained
there six month, and, during that period,
she suffered as much as it was possi-
ble for a humar creature to bear ; but
sha came home a sound woman, and lived thir-
ty years afterwards. I have often sat, when a boy,
and heard her tell wial passed at Whitworth.-
Dr. John, as he was called, had then two sons
grown up, who assated him, George and James.
George was married and Mrs. George acted as
the compounder of hie medicines, and the lady,
who seemed herself b catch the spirit of the place,
used to help her. 'e principal remedies used
were, a diet'drink to purify the blood ; an active
caustic, called by th appropriate name of"K' en,"
with which they era icated cancers ; a spirituous
liniment, called Wltworth Red Bottle ;" a black


ADDITIONAL SEIZUREs.-The Boston Advertiser
has the following notice of additional seizures of
vessels carried into Halifax on the 12th:.
Three fishing vessels were carried in a few hours
before thedeparture of the Acadian, which sailed
on the 12 h, prizes to the British Government
schooner Victory. Their names were the Adelle,
Brown,'of "Woodhbay," (probably Boothbay);
Eliza, Morton, of Bristol, Me.; and Birton, Milier,
of- As the Acadian cme out, fcur other
prizes were going in, one of which'hailed from
Dresden, Me. The fishing schr. Shetland, Chase,
of and from this port, for Labrador, was carried
into Halifax on the 5th, for an alleged infraction of
the revenue laws. She was seized at or near
Whitehead, by Mr. M. Forester, who, we under-
stand, laid a plot to entice the captain to sell 20
shillings worth of tobacco to a British subject,
wh ch was the ground of the seizure. Her arrival
is announced in the Nova Scotian, as from "a tra-
ding and fishing voyage, with oil cloths, gin, tobac-
co, &c." Upon examination, it did not appear
that she had more than the usual outfits of fishing
vessels, with the exception of about 60 lbs. of to-
bacco. The case, however, would probably go in-
to the Admiralty Court, and if the vessel should
not be condemned, the expenses, &c., would leave
but a trifling balance for her owners.
Two fishermen had been seized at or near the
Magdalen Islands, and taken to Guvsboro'. The
following paragraph from the Halifax Times of the
IIth, is not conceived in the most liberal spirit,
and there is some reason to fear that in their new-
!y awakened eagerness to follow this game, they
may pursue it beyond the bounds of prudence and
justice.
Yankee Prizes.-The Nova Scotians are play-
ing the very devil among the Yankee'fishermen on
the coast. Every week brin's several prizes into
our harbours, and the business is getting brisk. In
a few days we have no doubt that some of our en-
terprising young merchants will be able to buy an
American schooner cheap, wherewith to carry on
their trade. Ti.e Victory -has captured four, which
have been taken into Yarmouth, and await the de-
cision of the Courts at Halifax. Mr. Matthew
Forrester, Sergeant-a'-Arms, has placed one fine
looking schooner, slid to have been engaged in the
tea and tobacco trade, along side. the Queen's
Wharf, where she awaits a similar adjudication,
and is off in the Victory to bring in some more.-
Mr. Marshall, of Guysboro, has caught two near
the Gut of Canso; and we understand from the
symptoms around the shores, that many arrivals
of the same character may be expected during the
summer. It is some consolation, that these are
cases in which not only our own fish, but also the
labor and the vessels of our good neighbor, are
made to contribute to the prosperity of the Pre-
vince. Our population have beun taunted by the
Americans with want of industry in not pursuit g
the finny race with more activity; but it will per-
haps answer the same, if not a better purpose, to
use the industry of the Americans, and then catch
the catchers."

MARRIAGE.-No vulgar maxim has proved more
detrimental to female happiness than that a re-
formea rake makes the best of husbands; in al-
most every instance the direct contrary has hap-
pened. For, in the first place, if the main were
true, it is far from certain that matrimony will
produce a reform. The vanity of an enamored fe-
male may flatter her that her amiable qualities will
effect a reformation; but experience tells us
that the reformation must go deeper than thai
which is only the momentar, effect of an impet-
uous passion; it must extend to the moral prin-
ciple ; to the whole mode of thinking. A rkae is
but another term for a sensualist, which in itself
implies the quality selfish; he has been accusomed
to sacrifice the best interests of others to his personal
gratification ; and there are more ways than one
of trifling with the happiness of a fellow creature.
Further, the libertine has acquired a despicable
opinion of the sex; and we know that matrimonial
tyranny usually originates (from a contemptible
opinion of the female sex.- Lastly, in marrying a
rake there are many chances to one. that a woman
marries a drunkard or a gamester; and these
are perhaps the only vices which are never to be
reformed. We might add, that without some no-
tion of religion, morality has but an uncertain
basis-and what rake would be thought to eater-
tain any respect for religion.

HANOVER, ~Mieh. March 7, 1839.
CURING HAMS.-I beg leave to. present to the
public., my barrel over a pan, or kettle, in which I burn
hard wood, for 7 or 9 days; keeping a little water
on the head of the barrel, to prevent it from dry-
ing. I then pack 200 weight of ham in my bar.
rel, and prepare a pickle; by putting 6 gallons of
water in a boiler, with twelve pounds of salt,.
twelve ounces of salt-petre, and two quarts of mo-
lasbes ; this I stir sufficient to dissolve the salt.
&c. and let it boil and skim it. I then let it cool
and pour i- on my ham, and in one week, I have
smoked ham, very tender, of an excellent flavor,
and well smoked. When the whether becomes
some warm, there will a scum rise on the pickle,
by keeping my ham under the pickle, it will keep
the the year round.
It rs better to have a good 'white oak barrel than
any other. Try it and if you ever have had meat
smoked earlier after killing, and more palateable,
please inform tne public through the columns of your


paper. Yours, &c. H. FOWLER.

NiBLO's.-A Grand Gala takes place at thsde-
lightful place of resort this evening. The lovers
of the pyrotechnic art will find a rich treat, par-
ticularly the juvenile part of the community.

ITEMS.
The Pennsylvania Legislature are expected to
adjourn on the 25th instL, without making choice
of a U. S. Senator to succeed Gen. McKean.
Wilhelms, who has been convicted of piracy
committed on board the Braganza, is to be hung
on Friday June 21st, at Bedlow's Island.
FRM NORFOLK.-A letter from Norfolk, V,.I
written on the 17,h, and published in. 'he Bilti-
more Patriot, says that the sloop of war York
Town, pierced foar 16 guns, was launched at 2
o'clock that day. She wunt off in beautiful style
amidst the shouts and plaudits of a large concourse
of ladies afti gentlemen, who had aseemoled at the
Navy Yard, and on board the "Big Ship," and on
the opposite shore.' No-accident occurred to mar
the pleasures of the thousands who hAd assem-
bled.
The U. S. steamer Poinsett, Capt. Mayo, from
.Baltimore, arrived on tlh-i17-h, and- anchored off
the Navy Yard.
A man named Fulkes, of Big Black, Mis., while
endeavoring to prevent the sheriff of Warren Co.
from levying upon his property, was shot in the
a m and side by the sheriff. Poles was armed
with a rifle, the cap of which bursted, in his at-
tempt to shoot the sheriff.
GENERAL SCOTT arrived at Plattsburg on ThurF-
day evening, a week since. He was received with
military honors; an appropriate salute being fired
from the encampment. On Friday morning, at
about ten.o'clock, the day being remarkably fine,
many of the citizens repaired to the beautiful
Champ de Mars, to witness a general review of
the troops. Five companies were on parade, and
the Plattsburg Whig says that their appearance


HORRID SuspicruM.-The Newbern (N. C.)
Spectator, of Friday, says-"A few days ago a
man was committed to the jil. in this town, sus-
pected of having murdered his wife. The de-
ceased, we learn, was found dead in a swamnp, nea,
her husband's residence, with marks of vio'enice
on her person. The parties led a disFtgeeablec lift,
and public report says there is strong circumstan-
tial evidence of the guilt of the accused. We hmve
not heard his name."

SALES OF STOCKS THIS DAY.
Reported by S. J. Sylvester, Bullion, Stock and exchange
Broker, 22 Wall street, and 130 Broadway
50 shares Delaware and Hudson.......... 70i-b 30
876 do do .............. 70
,100 do do.............. 70 -b 3
l100op do do................691-b 3
50 do do .............."69 -n 4'mos
10C -- do do........... 70 -s,10
25 do do.............. 70-s 30
50 do do .............. 701-b 90
50 do do ........... 70-s 15
20 Dry Dock Bank ................10o
60 Farmers' Loan ............... 109--s SO
100 do do ............lop -
20 N A Trust and Banking Co........ 781
10 do do ............ 78
20 do do.............. 78t
75 do do ............ 80-b 60
50 Ohio Life & Trust..............104
75 -- do do .............. 14 .-s 60
50 do- do...............104
50 d4o do .............104--s60
100 U.States Bank ................ 1171
35 VicksbLirgh Bank .............. 44
25 -. do do .............. 45
15 IKentucky Bank ........... 87t
50 do do: .... ...... 87
50 -- do do.............. 87
30 do do. ............ 87+
17 Illinois Bank................... 861
8 do do .............. 86
5 Bank of America................124i
10 LIInsurance...............*......188
30 Canton Co ......;............... 38
10 do do ............ 391--b69
55 do do ............ 3
50 do do .......... 38-s60
50 New Jersey Railroad....... 98 -bj10
25 Mohawk ARailroad ........... 60*
100.- Long Island Railroad......... 50-12 imoS
65 Stonineton Railroad............. 27 "5
20 do do .............. 261
170 -- Harlem Railroad................. 50
50 do do .............. 50 --tw
100 do do ............50--b 60
400 d do do............... 51 -30ds
o10 do do........... 50f
50 do do 50........... 0-nw
50 do do ..........0.. 54-s20
50 do do .............. 0-s 10
50 do do .............. 50--c
110 do do..........501 c
20 Equitable Insurance............. 113
20 JEtnaInsurance.............. 101
25 -Seventeenth Ward Bank-........177
5 Utica and Syracuse..;...........111

NEW YORK AUCTION SALES-June 19.
By L. M. Hoffman & Co.
'TEAS-[Cargo per ship 'Asia--Tetms: 6r mos. -
Young Hyson-536 chests, 34ja35c; 3q do 49c; 460 1 do,
52a521c; 2.000 do, 36c; 25, 161lb boxes, $1.
Hyson-82 chests, 43a43jc; 4 cases (-Chuylan) 91c; 340
131b boxes, 35a36c .
Gunpowder-65A chests, 51ja61 "; 1800 131b boxes, 52a
52jc; 400 61b boxes, 56c.
Imperial-13! chests, Sic; 27 do, 70a80c; 1,000 ISIb
boxes, 51aa5ijc; 600 61b.do, 54c.
Orange Pecco-10 chests. 26c; 50 131b boxeg, 28a29c.
Souchons_-1,159 i chests, 2 ja27jc; 152 chests, 24c0.
Pouchong-4 I and 7 j chests, 90c.

Cassia-4500.mats, 1,800 sold at 14jec-sales stopped.
The Asia's cargo was the last in mar 'et.

MARRIED:
This morning, at St. Jnhn's Chapel, by the Rev.
Dr. Schroeder, Lewis H. .Meyer, to Miss .Anna
Charlotfe Luling.

DIED:
[n Brunswick, (Me.) Mrs. Frances E., wife of
Professor Packard, of Bowdoin College, and daugh-
ter ot the late President Appleton.

PASSENGERS,
In the ship South America, for Liverpool-Mr
Jas Kerr, of Virginia; Mr Daniel Oakey, Mr Ste-
vens and lady,'of New York; Mr Watson, lady,
two children ard servant, of Charles on; Mr Wm
Hutchinson, J T Jones, of Mobile; Mr E F Davis,
of Canaia; Mr P Malcalm and lady, of Balt'-
more; Mr Bowman, of Boston;. Mr W Smith, of
Buffalo, MessrsScott and Williams, of London.
In the brig Sun, from Charleston-J S Moffit,
'lady and 2 children; A C Squires,. lady and 2
children; Mrs 0 P Chffe, child and servant;
Misses M Maffit, A Moffit, E Ellis, A Phillips, M
Chaffe, Mrs A E Kinlow and 2 children, Mrs C
Fitch, Miss A Elem, Miss E Winlock, Miss C
Winlock, Mrs P Mood and child, Mrs A Thomp-
son, T Wikeman, lady and child. Col B Preston,-
R L Baker, T -enderson, T H-nderon, Jr, G W
F[azelton, W Ctrrington, W E Brown, G T Maf.
fit. W FPght, H M Pinto, J N Muffin, R Eno, J
Brown, J Larkin,.W Higgins, E Enty, [ M Pin-
to, H W Atwater, G R Carter, W Lewis, G B
Milvill, J B Patric, K E Henery, E Laserow, and
22 in the steerage.
In the schr. Emiiv, from St. Croix-Rev W
Afford and lady, of Fagland; Mrs M Harris, of do;
W Burn'z, of Trinidad; C Farquhar, Misc Farq,-
her and servant, of New York; J Harrison, of St
'rhom s; Misses Elizabeth and Lydia Simmons
and servant, of St Thomas; R Carbelt, of Deme-
tara; Miss ( ] Smith and servant, of St Croix;
J West, of Jajiaica; G W Tucker, of Philadel-
phia.

jrji ELEGANIT.FURNITURE.-JAME5 BLEECK-
ER t 'CO. will sell on MONDAY next, at 10 o'clock,
at No. 12 Idacdougal street, the Elegant Furniture, with


some Paintings, and a Piano Forte.
SCatalogues can be had at the house on the morning of
sale. (50) j15
"3-SALE OF OLD WINES.-Will be sold at auction
on TUESDAY, 25th instant, at j past 11 o'clock, in the
large room of the City Hotel, part of the stock of Mr.
John Gadbsy, of Washington City, D.C.
10,000 bottles of choice Wine, selected~by Mr. John
Gadsby, with great care, in the course of the last 39 years
-among which will be found Madeira, imported to order,
in 1807, by Mr. Jefferson ; do from the well known house
df Newton, Gordon, Murdock & Co. imported by Messrs.
McDonald & Ridgeley in 1803 ; also. a very choice par.
eel, imported into Georgeto*n in 1796, bottled in 1808;
also, imported by Messrs. Howard, March &. Co. in the
various years from 1&.15 to 1825; also, Blackbucn, imported
from 1814 to 1821, has been twice to India; also, some
extra, imported Riom Messrs. Schelffer & Young, in 1812;
also, Wager Madeira, selected without regard to cost,
imported about 29 years since.
Sherries-Pomar Pale Sherries Lobo, Pomar Brown
Sherry Lobo, imported ny Mr. Pomar, the Spanish Con-
sul at Norfolk-also, East India Brown Sherry, imported
by MXssrs. McDonald and Ridgeley, of Norfolk. The
above Wines were laid in by Mr. Gadsby, without regard
to expense, and selected for him by competent judges
Sbme of the wines have beeq in the possession of Mr.
Gadsby upwards of 21 years. TIheir character is too well
known to requirefurtherparticulars. Terms liberal, and
cataogues willbe forwarded, if desired.
The above consists entirely) of Mr. Gadsby's stock, and
no other wines will be admitted at this sale. jelS 5t


ri- DOCTOR #ZDFORD has removed to 695 Broad'
way. je15 4taw3w
J. SMITH DODGE,
DENTIST,
Removed from No 49 Bovery, opposite the Theatre to No
47 Bond st., fiva doors from the Bowery..
Office hours from 8 A M, to 5 P M.. mys8 3taw3mis
ri- FOR SALKE-The Dwelling House, No. 36 Bond
street, with the lot in.the rear, on Great Jones street, now
4ocupied by the subscriber-rkloag 21 feet ia front on each
street, and .200 feet deep.
Persons wishing to view and purchase the premises will
please apply in the first Instance to Mr. J. GREEN


YIARKIN I' J#*I'tLNAL.
NEW-YORK AMERICAN. JUNY 20, 1-39.
H igbh Wate)tUismorning,"2h.57m.
CLEARED SINCE OUR LAST.
This Morning-Schooners Suiplus, Weart, for.Boston,
A. G. & A. W. Ber.soo; Lapwing, Smith, Barbadoes and a
market; Ontario, Alden, St.Jigo de Cuba, Thompson Ii
Adams.
Last Evening -Ship Harbinger, Piatt. Turks Island,
Post & Phillips.;b, i igs Victoria. (Prussian) Retzlaff, Stet.
tin, J. D. K'udgeri; Vincennes, Humphrey, Turks Island,
Nesmith & Leeds: Neva. Davis, Nassau, N.P., J: Elwell,
schrs Three Brothers,-Loey, Richmond, A. B. Cooley;
Texian, Small, Eastport, Me.;Oscar, Lovell, Boston.
ARRIVED THIS MORNING
Ship Emily, Mead, firombt. Croix. June 7th, with su-
gar, &c. to C. Morgan,244 hhd-. sugar, 4 half brisk. no, 69
puns. turn, 3 boxes, I keieg coffee, I do arrow root, I bri.
molasses, Aymar & Co; 2 hhds. sugar, J H 'Whitson; 22
do, 7 puns. rum, J W Alsop; 2 brsi stiurar, M H Mead; 84
puns. rum, 20 hhds sugar, to order. Vessels lelt before re.
ported.
.Brig Sun', Brown. 3j days from Charleston, with cotton,
to G. Buckley; 58 tierces rice, Boyer & Adams; 25242 feet
of lumber, B W Delamrnarter; 73tierces rice, G Bulkley,
13 bales cotton, P J Brett; 15 bundles leather, W Elder;
and others.
Br. schir Manchester, C!ear, 8 days from Naseau, N.P,
with pine apples, to Tucker & Lauries.
Schrs Victoria. Atkins, 2 days from Virginia; Superior,
Rogers, do, 3; Coaster. Richaids, do, 3; William, Mulch,
do, all with wood.
_'Schr Tnadius, Hawkins, 2 days fioe Norfolk, with
naval stores, to Sturges & Clearman.
Schr Odd Fellow, Williams,7 days from Snowhill, corn.
Schr Alfred T Thorn, 5 ds fm Wilmington, N C, cotton
&c to Brown & Potter.
Schr Seaford, Nottingham, 2 dsfm Cape Charles, corn
to H P Havens.
Schr Petersburg, Cole, 5 days from Savannah, cotton to
Jownson & Lowden.
Sloop Eliza Catherine, Smith, 7 ds fm Key West, corn,
&c to master. Off Cape Look Out, saw barque Oxford,
of Portland; standing S off Cape Hatteras, spoke brig
Henry, Davs, 4 ds fm Philad-17 passengers.3
BELOW-I ship and 2 brigs.
ARRIVED SINjCE OUR LAST.
Brig Pleiades, Lowell, 10 days from Matanzas, with su..
gar, &c. to the master. Sailed in co. with brigs Neptune,
and Tremont, both for Providence. Vessels left before re.
ported.
Brig Emerald, Stowe, 18 days from New Orleans, with
cotton, &c. to J. Arnold.
Schr Julia, Pettingell, 24 days from Savanna la Mar,
Jamaica, with 100 tons of logwood, 64 bags pimento and
1i tons iron, to Dawson, Brothers. Lett, brig Elizabeth,
for New York, in 10 day., the onlyAmericanr, vessel June
9, lat. 24, lonz. 47, 22, spoke British bark Wave, 'from
New Orleans, for Liverpool.
Schr Richmond, Benjamin, 7 days from Nassau, N.P.,
with pine apples, to the n.aster. Left; schr Baltimore, for
New York, uncertain, the only Ajnerican vessel.
Schr Regulus, Ward, 5 days from Wilmington, N.C.,
with naval stores and lumber, to Brown & Potter.
Schr John Enders, Bell, 4 days from Richmond, with
flour and tobacco, to J. Hunter.
Schooner Thaddeus, Hawkins, 2 daysfm Norfolk, with
mdze, io Sturges & Clearman.
Schr Rockbill, 4 days from Norfolk, with wood, &c. to
thie Captain.
Schr Fame, Brown, from Cherryfield, with lumber, to
Isaac F. Snow.
Schr Doctor, Jones, 8.days from Folly Landing, with
corn, to R. Paynter.
Schr Mitche.ll,-Jennings, from B2ltimore, with mdze, to
A. B. Cooley.
MEMORANDA.
The captains and crew of'the brigs Lawrence, and
Canton, and schr. Ceylon, wrecked some time since at
Nassau, N.P., arrived 4jt Providence on Monday, by schr.
Comet, from that port.
The steam packet New York was to leave New Orleans*.
for New York, on 15th instant, stopping at Key West and
Charleston.
Schr. Mobile, from Vera Cruz, for New York, touched
at S.W. Pass (at the mouth of the Mississippi) on 9th insi,
and after transferring four of heripassengers to another
vessel, proceeded on her passage.
Brig Carroll, of New York, from Montevideo, at St.
Thomas, and sailed for St. Jago de Cuba. "
NORFOLK, June 17, 3, P.M.-The sloop of war York.
town, pierced for 16 guns, was launched at 2 o'clock this
day, at the Navy Yard. She went off in beautiful style.
SPOKEN--June 2d, lat.25, 51, long. 57, brig George &
Henry, 17 days from Portland, for Porto Rico.

NEW .BEDFORD. June 17-Arrived, ship Braeanza,
Bennett, from Matanzas, bound to St. Petersbutg, put in
on account of sickness among the crew; Bchr Coriathian
Shepherd, from New York.
BOSTON, tJune IS-Arrived, ,ship Rasselas, Barker,
from Oahu, February l3:h.; brigs Susan, Gay, Havanat
Cedric, Bayley; Aguadiila; Ma'ia, Newell. Para; Falce,
Harlow, Havana; Echooners Mary Hope, Barr,Windsor;
Trio, Nickerson; Wm Roscoe, Meeker; Marietta, Mat.
son, and Splendid, Patterson, New York.
Cleared,' ship Alciope, Clapp, for Sandwich Islands;
schrs John Murray, Devereaux, St Peters, Mart; Saludai
and Two Mary's, New York.
SALEM, June 17-Sailed, brig Pamelia, Smith, for St.
Jago.
PORTLAND, June 15-Arrived, brig Spartan,' Thuro-
ton, from Point Petre.
June 16-Arrived, brig Henrietta, McLellan, Matanzas.
BANGOR, June 14-Arrived, brig Lafyette, Atwood,
_Port Royal. .
15th-Arrived, Majestic, Colcord, NYork. "
EASTPORT, June 12-Arrived, brig Napoleon, from
New York.
BALTIMORE, June 18-Arrived, brig Morning Star,
Stone, from Ponce, via Mayaguez, wheze she put in in
distress; Boston, Smith, Boston; Eleanor, Jones, Apala-
chicola and Key West.
Evening--Arrived, schr Amanda, Driscoll, fm N-York.
Cleared, ship Copernicus, Haesloop, for Amsterdam.
PHILADELPHIA. June l3-Ar brig Oak, Ryder, BoB.
ton; schnr J Brick, Reeves, NHaven; 'Minerva, Seevy,
Portsmouth; Extra, Wilson, and Indiana, Baymore, New
York; Jas Barbour, Baker, Provi'ence; sloop Ohie, New
York. fys
Old, brig Alice, Jordan, St Thomas; schr Larken, Chur-
buck, Boston.
NORFOLK, June 17-Ar schr George, Hartford, for
Richmond
SAVANNAH, June 14-Cleared, ship UeliaNYork
15itl-Cld schrs Virginia Antoinette, Wlndies; Dnl
Webester, Boston.
MOBILE, June 13-Cld, ship Rob Roy, Arnold, New
York. .
NEW ORLEANS, May 12-Cld ships.Elizabeth Frith,
Beard, Trieste; Austerlitz, Hammond, Havre; barquo
Marine, Tripe, Gibraltar, schr Atlautic, Wheeler, New
York.


THE MUSICAL-TRIBUTE
TO T E
MEMORY-OF THE LATE DANIEL SCHLESINGER,
Willf take place -
At the Broadway Tabernacle,
On TUESDAY EVENING, 25th inst. at 8 o'clock.
The Committee have ir uch pleasure in announcing tha
on this occasion, the Professors and Amateurs of our City,
and the members of the CONCORDIA have spontaneous.
ly united in volunteering their' valuable services, which
enables them to promise an Orchestra.otf -unprecedented
ower,, comprises upwards pf SIXTY PERFORMERS,
nd a Chorus of FORTY VOCALISTS.
The Concert will be in two 'pans.
SOLO PERFORMERS.
MADAME CARADORI ALLAN,
(being her-first appearance in New York since her return
fromihe South. "A
MADAME MARONCELLT, -
SMR. & MRS. U. E. HORN, .
SMR. HALMA, (hisftrst appearance here since' his
...return from the South.)
MR. BOUCHER,
MR .KYLE,
A DISTINGUISHED AMATEUR, and
MR. SCHABRFENBUtGH.
Conductor-MR. ETIENNE.
Leader of the first Part, MR. HUGHES-by permission
of Mr. Simpson.
Leader of the second Fart, MR. HILL. .
PROGRAMME.
.PART I
1 Grand Overture-Full orchestra-Compos.
ed expressly for the London Philahrmpnic "
Society........ ......................D Sclesinger
2 Chorus- Kyrie Eleison-t'oncordia......... .....
3 Aria.-'Was sag ich.,' assungby his request
at the author's Jast concert-Madame Ca.
radori Allen......I.....................V Weber "
4 Solo-Violin-Mr Halma........................
5 Chorus-Concordia......................
6 Aria di Basso-From il Flanto Magico-By
"5,;an amateur....................................Mozart
7 Quartett--Mr and Mrs C E Horn, Madame
jMaroncelli, and Mr .......................
8 Adagio and Finale of the celebrated Qua. .
tuor in C minor, for piano, tenor, violinand ,
violoncello-Messrs Scharfenbrg, Htill,
***,Boucher........................D SehlesInger
AT. I I.
I Grand Overture-Der'17r.jehuts -lull or-
chestra............. ... ............V Weber
2 Double Quartett-Concordi -.................... ....
3 Elegc- Violoncello-r liCr, ....Panofka
4 Aria-'Pato.nma tu bewn f l irq,) the .le.


I











NUlIIE MANAGERS of the Protestant Half Oiiphan
X phan Asylum Society" acknowledge with gratitude
the following donations and subscriptions, received since
Jan. lst, 1839. Scbscriptins of ten dollars and upward
-J Boorman 100, L 100, Samuel Ward 50, Russell H Ne-
vins 50, A Norries 50, F Perit 50, Wmin Colgate & Co 50, A
R -Wet.nore 50, R B Minturin 5o0, Anson G Phelps 5),
- David Wetmore 25, James Boyd 25, Silas Wood 25, Fran-
ces Burrett 25, Robert Johnston, 5, James McCollough
20, EdwardPrime 10, Ellas L Philip 10, J-W Smichdt 10,
Mr A'M Minturn 10, Mrs S V S Wider 10to. Donations
-James G King 50, JohnP Stagg & Co 50, A friend 5,
Prescott Halt 10, At the Anniversary Robert Dyson 50,
Asa Biqelow 20 Nathaniel Norton 10 Mrs W E Law-
rence 2,.J RG5, B L De Forest 5, Dupoit 1, Levi Coit
5, Caih 9,1 56. By Mrs Robbins, R L Lord 100, Henry -
W Hicks. 100, James Bowen 25, Mrs E Fero-ler 3 A
friend 3. By MrsL Coit,G G Howland 50, S Howiand 50.
,By Mrs Boorman, a Friend to the Institution 150, Miss
A M .EifVanhorn 10; Cash 1, Bache McEvers 6.-
By Mis Foster-A Gentleman 60, S. Door 10,
Mr Cottinett 5, Mr Barbay 5, Cash 5. A Gen-
tleman 3; A Lady 8 By Mrs Halsey-Mrs A Gra
ete 2; Mrs R Gracie2; Mrs Oswald Camman 2; Mrs
Merry 2 ; Mrs J R Le Roy 5 ; Thomas Otis 5 ; MrsJ WV
Black 3; Mrs Scudder3. By Mrs Wheeler-Mrs War.
dell 5 ; Robert Gilchrist 10; Miss Warren 5 ; A Gentle
man 20 ; Mrs James McBride 5 ; A Lady 10. By Mrs W
W Chester-Mrs J Kissam 10. By Mrs White-Mrs Mar-
tin I; Mrs Alsop 6 ; Miss Peaarsall 5 ; Mrs La Faige S.
By Mrs Tomlinson-.Mrs Robert L Case 5 ; A Friepd
3 ; Mrs William Van Antwerp 5 ; Mrs Packard 3 ;
Mrs Coates 1 ; Cash 6; Cash 1 ; Mrs Dr Shaw3;
Mrs James Edgar 3; Mrs Micah Baldwin 2; M'rs
McKeidge 2; Miss.iEmma Franks 3.. Collection taken
up in Christ Church, after a sermon by the Rev Dr Tay-
lor, 164 16. Messrs Adamson & Orliff4 22; Mi ai.d Mrs
*Frederick A Tracy 10; 0 B Tweedy 10; Mrs Edward
Prime 5; Mr Southmayde 5; left at the Asylum .; A Lady
at the Asylum 1 50; Mrs WmRichards 1; Mrs J Herrick
2. By Mrs Olmstead-Mr Wm Spencer 20; Mr Sheffield
10. By Mrs C H Booth-Augiustus White 10; H D Aid -
rich 25. By Mrs Norton-A Fciend 3. By AlMiss Abeil-
A',entleman 5. By Mrs Perkins-A Friend 3. By Mrs
Wetmore-Mrs Piliot 3; Mrs J ..-By Miss Post- A Gen-
tleman 5. By Mrs Clarke-Mr G Clarke 5; Mrs A H
Lawrence 2. By Mrs Olmstead-MrWni Walker 15. By
Mrs Wainwright-A Friend 3.
je20o It* M. M. WAINWRIGHT, Treasurer-
IJEPTUNE HOUSE, NEW ROCHELLE-The
I.N proprietor ofthisnew and spacious House -begs to
iuform his friend64and the public tnat it is now completed
and open for the reception of Company. "
Families and Gentlemen retiring from the city to board,
for comfort and genteel accommodation will find this
House to be one of the most delightful retreats irt the
coantry,which affords every facility for the man of busi.
ness or pleasure.
More particulars hereafter.
New Rochelle, June 19, 1839.
je20 It* CHAS. F..RICE.
E EXTENSIVE SALE OF CURIOUS OLD ENG-
LISH BOOKS AND BOOKS IN FOREIGN
LANGUAGZS.- BANGS, RICHARDS & PLATT, 196
Broadway, will sell this afternoon and tomorrow, commen-
cing at o'clock, P. M. each day, an extensive collection
of rare and curious Old English Books, comprising scarce
Works in Divinity, Civil and Ecclesiastical Hitory, Bio-
graphy, Voyages and Travels, Antiquities, Arts and i o.
ences, Belles Letters &c.-together with a areat-variety
of valuable Books in the French, Spanish, Italian, Latin,
German and Hebrew languages.
The Books are now arranged, with catalogues, for ex -
amination. Jel9


G REAT SALE OF GREEiN AND HOT.HOUSE
PLANTS CONTINUED.--AARON LEVY would
respectfully inform the Amateurs of Plants in this and
neighboring cities, that he will continue the sale of rare
and valuable Green and Hot-House Plants, on Friday
morning, 21st instant, at 10 o'clock, at his Sales Room,
161 Broadway. The collection to be sold consists of a
superb assortm nt of about 100 pots. many of large siz-,
including Orange, Lemon, Shaddock and Citron trees;
Camellias; Cape Jessamines; Rhododendrons; Myrtles;
large and rare Cacti; large and elegant lowering Olian.
der,esome 10 feet high, &c. This collection was intended
to be reserved by the owner for his own use, and consists
of the choicest selections from the bulk of the collection
made in Philadelphia from the Green and Hot. Houses of
Messrs. Pratts, J..B. Smith. and D'Amas, of that city, and
perfected by every desirable specimen from other celebra.
ted-Nurseries. Catalogues and the Plants for examia.
tion ready on Thursday. .jel92tis
T HE BARBER IN PARIS ; or, Moral Retribntion ;
by Paul de Kock, author of'Andrew the Savoyard,'
'Good Fellow,' ete; 2 vols, l2mo.
Just published and for sale by
ISRAEL POST, 88 Bowery
Or may be had from the Washington Circulating Li-
brary, 88 Bowery. ie20
I MPORTANI' TO BOOKSELLERS, STATIONERS,
AND OTHERS-Kent's Indelible Marking Ink-
Without Preparatlon.-After many fruitless attempts to
purchase a superior article.of this kind, the proprietor has
by much exertion, been able to produce an excellent atid
SUPERIOR INDELIBLE INK for ,marking cn linen,
&c., without the inconvenience of any previous prepara-
ticon, which needs only trjal for commendation. Writing
of every description, on.linen, silk, or cotton, can be ex.
ecated with a common quii pen, and by attention to the di-
retions, assumes a jet black, so firmly attpcbed to the web
as not to be effaced
SIt has superiority over other Marking Inks, as it will
not destroy the linen, or. turn to iron mould, and retains its
qutlitles in any climate Although the above was origi.
-naly manufactured expressly for his retail sales, the sub-
scriber fas made extensive arrangements to supply the
trae with this invaluable article, at the lowest wholesale
prklw,gqd has now on hand a laige quantity of the above,
p kedIn groce and half groce boxes. Orders directed to
thrp m te1 urer willn be forwarded to order, with u ime,
th Vcturer will be forwarded toorder, with Imine.
diat'd patch.
f_% --ach genuine bottle is neatly put up in boxes,
wl -ian envelope bearing a fac eimili of the signature of
thekivugor and sole manufacturer.
"'. EDWARD N. KENT, Stationer,
S3 Wall Pt.
WING U OOKS.-the Principles of Practical
R o. W lve or Scenographic Projection; containing
U Rules for delineating Architectural Designs on
va irfaoe4, and taking views from nature, by the
mO andexpeditious 'methods; to whichjare added
Ru fu ba4owing, and the Elements of Painting; the
whq trtnaed in a- manner calculated to render the Art of
Drn snfaad thc Science of Perspective easy of attain-
meii twoery capacity; second edition. Two Parts in one
vol q, Illuqtrated by 50 plates'; by Richard Browne,
Pro et of Architecture and Perspective; author of Ru-
di tom u. Deigninr Household Furniture Classically,
]lI 4te otmJoposing and Drawing Architectural Or.
1:[ ,.1g's Eple ntary Art; or the Use of the Lead
Pen IAdvocated and Uxplained.
A He rtirng'e Portfolio; Cooper's Sk etches nf Ani.
m al Andw. L osin House Painting; Child"s Easy
Dra alook-,; lrairlarid's Juvenile Artist; Fairland's
Stu( softhe Human 1, figure; Tle Litle Sketch.Book, 2
seri (,.0*6 Drawing Book; Philips' -on Painting in
Wa Csl.,Ai. TUor sale by
-WILIY & PDTNAM, Importers, .
-,... 161 Broadway. -
Books at wbolesale-andretail.' je2 -


Blna
ing. .
a tail,
o0


0,
Unitj
Thoi
sale I
ie2


L.AC W. USILINE DE LAINE.-S. & L.
SWMS8S. No 04 Maiden Lane, have just received,
k %w~flne De Lane and Bombazlnsca, for mourn.
Sl, Black Silks, Crapes, &c, by the piece or re.
je2ow prices.S


b ICk, IiISTORY OF IVARY.LAND).-
CM 4tio0ln i tp tihe Ecclesiastical History of the
|3 Ib pr ncia L Hawks, D D, Rector of St
ia'l~nroI, New York. Just published and for
..8$ "BWO BS,STANFORD & CO.
|. .: 162 Broadway


vluai iAAjti OP PARIS ; or Moral Retribution.;
* lIdAKock, 2 vols,12no. laid to be ona of

All tht and Popular American Reprints, and
OrigiI P'I lfrtions, as well aethe new Scientific Works
impril ftom Ltidan, ar. for sile by
L *"* W*0 4". COLMAN, 205 Broadway.
Whwh r~~wriceved a choice co leetion of Oil
Paindtil, win#i, nd Fine Engravings; all of which
may bhad rteasonable price je20 8tis
M4 Y NUOVELS.-CHEAP EUITItiN.-
V pTIday,-pubished, the 13th and 14th volumes
ofa t-he IFw ce e4itiqon of. the Waverley Novels-
being thT l M LBdlord. Third series-compris
ing the lAir LatmoOr and the Legend of Mon-
tross. IiM| ceptq per voumie, for sale by .
ie2') -*,- .... .... iSBAEL POST, 88 Bowery,
NTEgL'4IMPROVED CRETA .LAEVIS CRAY.
tml y. Fo- or drawing in ever color and shade, .will
not rub atbf lan tw unmoved with waters. Thliese Cray.
ons willb=ied with each other and produce tint, equal to
water cupW. htoej altparticularlyrecornmended for land.
scapes alig. A suply of the above just received and
for sale"t t0tMra' Hall, 245 Pearl street, and office 34
Wallsti% ftty "
je20o D. FELT & CO.
SctLA.MAN,. 8 Aqtor House, has ior sale-
Sis The Ddj`eiaa Lecture: aade before the University
of uams rde, May, 1839. By John Goram Palfrey, D D,
LLD M .
Caleb'Ip Tow by the author of the B ollo Books.
McDownmr or, V uth Thro' Fiction ; by Jbcob Abbott.
Hum" Physiology, by Charles A Lee, MD. je20
[MAt!-* SHERRIt AND PORT. WINES-In
.1 qr e on raught, in demijohns and bottles
most of the- of tbh. importation of the subscriber, and
equal in 1uqlity and age, to ainywines that can be ottalned
for like rice in the country, for sale by
R. H. ATWELL, 381 Broadway,
je20 corner of White st
t LAtIT -WINI--A targe assortment ol'.tlaret, in
-caskt and cases, a pattot superior quality, received
per brig Jupitlui, and other late arrivals, and in store, en.


PARK TIIEATRE.
I ~MR. HELD'S BENEFIT.
SHIS EVENING, June 20th,will be performed the
Comedy of THE GAMESTER-Mr Beverly, Mr Burton;
Stukely,.Hield; Mrs Beverly, Mrs Hield.
After which, a Pas de Deux by Master and Miss Wells.
Arter which the Farce of EVERY BODY'S HUS-
BAND-Mr Twistleton, Mr Hield; Figgins, Ncxsen; Miss
Pimperncll, Mrs Hield; Fanny, Mrs Chippindale.
After which, a Pas Seul by Madame Arraline.
Toconclude with the Burlettva of THE DEEP, DEEP
SEA-Neptune, Mr Richings, Great American Sea Ser-
pent, Placide; Perseus, Mrs Richardson; Andrpmeda,
Mrs Pritchard.
Tonirrow, third night of the Taglioni.
Doors ooni at7) 'ciock-Performance commences a 7t
Ciclcets Boxes.,1, Pit, 50cents.Gallery ,25 cents.
NATIONAL I"HEATIrE.
Corner of Leonard and Church street=.
T I MR. W. H. WILLIAMS'S BENEFIT.
HIS EVENINO, |June 20th, will be performed
the Opera of BROTHER AND SISTER-Don Christo
val de Tormes, Lambert, Pacheco, Williams; Rosanthe,
Mrs Selton.
After which, the Farce of KATHARINE AND PE.
TRUCHIO-Petruchio, Mr Howard; Baptista, Rogers;
Katharine, Miss Monier; Bianca, Miss Bell.
After which, All round my hat, by Mr Williams.
To conclude with the Farce ol SHOCKING EVENTS.
Doors open at I o'clocK-Periormance commences at7j.
Boxes, $1-Pit, 50 cents-Gallery, 25 cents.
BOWVERY THEATrE.
V I ROOKWOOD.
HIS EVENING, June 20th, will be. performed the
the Drama of ROOKWOOD ; or Dick Turpin, the High.
wayman-Dick Turpin, Mr Woniford; Peter Bradley, Mr
Gilbert; Kuke Bradley, Proctor; Tom King, J B Rice;
Jerry Juniper, Gates; Ramulph Rookwood, Foster; Sybil,
Mrs Shaw; Barbara, Mrs Binnister; Lady Rookwood,
Mrs Rice.
The overwhelming and rapturous applause bestowed
upon the new and extraordinary Drama of ROOK-
WOOD: or, Dick Turpin, the highwayman, the power-
ful Impression produced by the exciting incidents of the
piece, the scenic effects, and the fidelity with which is
delineated Turpin's ride to York, and his wonderful leaps
with his favorite mare, Black Bess, justify the announce
meat of the unprecedent success of thirnovel and p-cu.
liar drama, which will be repeated every evening, until
Further notice.
Doors open at 7-Ferlormance to commence at 8.
Boxes 75 cents. Pit 37j. Gallery 15.


N IBLO'S GARDEN AND NEW.SALOON.
W ,M. NIBLO respectfully announces that this es-
tablishment has opened for the season.
GRAND GALA NIGHT.
THIS EVENING, June 20th, 1839,
The entertainments will commence with an Olla Podrida
of Instrumental Music, in the Promenade Saloon
After which, the first Graid Exhibrtion of FIRE
WORKS, by that celebrated artist, Mr HALL, Pyrotec.
nist to this Garden only. The Fire Works will take place,
with a variety of new and magnificent devices, represent.
i'ng colored lres of the hues.ofthe rainbow-the art of p, o.
ducking which is known only to the unrivalled artist, Mr.
Hall. They will be given in the following order:
DISCHARGE OF ROCKETS. BENGAL LIGHTS!
Alter which, a splendid piece called the STAR OF
COLUMBIA.
After which, the MORNING GLORY -
Alter which, a -splendid ALGERINE THUNDER
WHEEL.
To be followed by an act of INSTRUMENTAL MU-
SIC.
To conclude wi'h a second display of FIRE WORKS
THE MAGIC TREE. Discharge of Rockets.
The exhibition to conclude with the TEMdPLE OF
LIBERTY! Covering a spsce of 3,000 square feet, end.
ing in a grand FEU DE JOI.
During the recess. a new-aand
ELEGANT SALOON
has been built, capable ef holding two thousand persons,
opening into the Garden by spacious galleries, where the
charms o(f music will receive new del ght with the flagrant
breeze from varlied flowers and plants. The seats aie
backed and cushioned with rich damask The embellish.
ments and decorations are executed by a celebrated artist
The greatest attention has been paid to ventilating the
building,which, EN UN MOT, is pronouncedthe mostunique
and elegant establishment in the country.
THE GARDEN, FLOWER-BEDS, AND WALKS,
are newly-laid and enlarged. Lemon, orange and lime
trees are interspersed with a choice and pleasing variety of
Shrubs, Plants and Flowers. Refreshing jets of water
will iasue from the Grotto Fountain, richly diversified
by thousands of new and brilliant transparent Lamps,
lately imported direct from Paris, to impart an air of en.
chantment to the coup d'wil of the favorite endroit.
THE SUPERB GOTHICG TOWER will be illumina-
ted with transparent windows, designating the most pro.
minent events in the history of the Knights.Templars.
THE PROMENADE SALOON in the Garden will be
opened this season for refreshments.
Artists of the highest celebrity in every department are
engaged, to' form a succession of pleasing novelties
throughout the season.
Great addition will be made to the Orchestra during
the season, to produce, on a scale of unequalled gran-
deur,
CONCERTS A LA IUSARD,
-which has caused such a bruit in Pails and London.
The entertainments will be given every evening in the
week, (Sundays excepted.)
*3"- No postponement on account of unfavorable wea-
timer !
TICKETS, FIFTY CENTS.
Doors open- at 7. o'clock-the Conceit to commence at
8 o'clock.
Omnibuses will run to and from the City Hotel totihe
Garden, duiting the evening. je4
, ATLIN'S INDIAN GALLERY.-This immense
SCollection of Indian Pottraits-Vlews of Indian
Villages--IndiaD Dances-Ball Plays-RBeligious Cere.
monies-Buffalo Hunts-Indian Curiosities- Costumes-
Weapons- Pipes-Scalps, &c. &c. is now spread upon
the walls of the large Saloon in the Stuyvesant Institute,
where it will remain foray very short time.
SOpen from 9 in the morning until 10 oin the night. Ad.
mission 25 cents. jl0 lO i
SULLY'S VICTORIA.
EXHIBITION OF THE FULL LENGTH
PORTRAIT OF VICTORIA.
T Painted by T. SILLY, of Philadelphia.
SULLY respectfully announces to the public, that
he-inends exhibiting for a short period at 15i Broadway,
commencing onr Monday, the 10th instant, the Portrait of
Queen Victoria, painted by himeeif from the original study
executed during his recent visit to England, which study is
also attached to the exhibition.
Open daily from 10 A M until 6 P M, and in the evening
from 8 until 10 o'clock.
I Admittance 25 cents. Season tickets 50 centq.
je8 dtf


PANORAMAS OF JERUSALEM AND THEBES.
7UHESE Panoramas are now open for exhibition at the
J New Rotunda, corner Prince e.nd Mercer streets,
Broadway, opposite Niblo's Garden.
THE PANORAMA OP JERUSALEM. is a splendid
painting, of the largest class covering a surface of ten
thousand quaree feet, painted from drawings take, by Mr.
Catherwood in 1834. .
TME PANORAMA OF THEBES IN EGYPT, paint.
ed likewise from Mr. Catherwood's drawings, i* superior,
asia work of art, to any Panorama before exhibited.
The Panoramas are brilliantly illumriMated every evep.
Ilg by 'upwards of 200 gas lights, and explanations of
the pictures given In the forenoon, afternoon, and at hall
past 8 in the evening.
Open from 9 in the morning, till 10 o'clock in the even-
ing. Admittance 25 cents to each Panorama. Books of
description 12j.cents. apl tf
OtUSE FUR SALE--A fnlue spirited, LrEY
HORSE, fifteen and a half hands high, a fast trot.
ter in hatneqs, and a very pleasant saddle horse, will be
warranted perfectly sound and kind, and without trick or
fault of any kind; seven years old. Any gentleman wist.
ing a horse to enjoy himself with as a I permanent proper.
ty, he wolid suit. He hIaa the advantage also of being a
fresh horse in the city, as he was this morning landed
Irom a Coxsackie barge.
His owner, who came down with him, can give a satis.
factory reference here as to his veracity in his statement
respecting him. He is at Powell's ,table in Houston at.
next the cornier of Broadway, where he may be seen.' by
inquiring for Mr. HOUGHTALING'S horse. Should Mr
H. not be the e he may oe seen at24 Vestry st. or at 14
Maiden lane. je8
i EMOVAL.-F. J. CONAN '. & CO. hate removed
their Wholesale Clothing Warehouse to 81 Cedar
street, upstairs, between Broad ay and Nassau tt. my 17
VYLVESTER'S NEW R-PORTER.-This day is
Published in folio lorm, containing much interested
matter, the latest news from England, Literary Noticem,
&c. &c. &c., price 6 cents, by
SYLVESTER & CO. 156 Broadway,
jel4 below Maiden Lane.
- OVgttIEjNb, Napoleor.ns, X Gilders, X Thalers,
SFrederic d'Ors, Ducats, Guineas, Spanish and Mex-'
ican Dollars, Five -.Fiancs, English and French Silver,
bought and sold by SYLVLSTER & CO.
'e14 156 Broadway, below Maiden lane.
L XCHANGE ON LONDON-Drafts at sight, in sums
32 to suit purchasers, payable in every town through.
out the kingdom. Apply to SYLVESTER & CO.
jel4 1556 roadway, below Maiden Lane.
SXCHANGE.ON SCOTLAND.-Drafts at sight in
V, sums to suit purchasers, payable in every .town
throughout the Kingdom. Apply to
ISYLVESTER &t CO. 156 Broalway.
jel4 below Maiden Lane.
HIO, Indiana, Illinois, North and South Carolina,
S Kentucky, Virgiia, Maryland, Delaware, Peinsyl.
vamn Fi'catarr, n Wan dafetv lPnrl dMf nnw hnlabht al, ofw


W MOUNTAIN PAVILION,
W EEHAWKEN, N. J., two miles from the Hobo-
ken Ferries.-This new and splendid establishments now
opened for tne reception of boarders and visitors. A Car.
riage will run between the lerty and the hotel every half
hourduring the day. commencing at half past 7 o'clock,
A M. jel3 2m. H. H DYER, Proprietor.
COUNTRY SEAT ON THE PASStAIC FOR
401 SALE AT AUCTION.
j j Messrs. Bleecker & Co will sell at auction at
J MfNo. 30 Broad street, on TUESDAY, the 25th, at
12 o'clock, that splendid seat, situated on the banks.
of the Passaic river, in the city of Newark, N. J., where
thel subscriber now resides. 'the ho ise contains on the
basement two kitchens, large convenient cellars, &c.; on"
the second story an elegant hall, 40 feet by 20, dining
room, drawing room, and tywo parlors ; and on the third
story five bed rooms. ItisW ell supplied with water, and
has every c( nvenience for a genteel family. The land
extends to nearly 30 acres, and is bounded by the river on
the east, and by Broad street; on the west ; it is of the richest
quality of soil, and in the best dtate of cultivation A spa.
cious avenue leads from Broad streetto the house, and is
adorned on each aide with fI wearingg shrubs and ornamen-
tal trees. Another avenue runs from the house to the river,
lined with grape vines, flower.3 and shrubs. The lawn
around the house is tastully laid out with w.lks and
trees. The Garden con!?ins about two acres, and is
stocked with the finest grafted pear, peach, plum and
cherry trees, &c. The flwer. garden contains nearly 2000
herbaceous plants, and is skilfully laid out, so as to exhi-
bit a variety of foi m and color. The house commands a
charming view of Newark, the rivet Passaic, and sur.
rounding country ; and is without exception the most desir.
able residence for a gentleman of fortune to be found in the
State of New Jersey. The title is unquestionable. A map
o6 the grounds may t-e seen at the office of the Atelion.
eers. Terms, which will be easy, to be made known on
the day of sale.


N. B. The sale will be positive.


wu I. GIEVE.
Jel7 dt25


NEW YORK AND ERIE RAILROAD .STATE
STOCK-Notice is hereby given that the New York
and Erie Railroad Companv will sell at public auction,
at the Merchants' Exchange in the city of New Yolk, on
Wednesday the twenty.sixth day of June instant, at one
o'clock P. M., under the direction of the Comptroller,
one hundred thousand dollars of New York State Stock,
bearing interest at the rate of four and a half per cent.
per annum, from the first day of July, 1839, inclusively,
payable quarterly on the first days of January, Apiil, Ju-
ly anl October--being stock issued in pursuance ol clhap..
ter 216 of the laws of said State of the'year 1838, and is re.
imbursable at the pleasure of the SLate, at any time after
the first day of January, 1859.
- The office of the Manhattan Company, in the city of
New ForK, is designated as the place for the registry and
transfer of sail stock, and will be the place of payment
of the interest thereupon.
This stock will be s,,ld in Certificates of $1,000 each,
and buyers will be required to pay the amount of their
purchases respectively, immediately after the sale, when
transfer will be made accordingly.
New York, 4th June, 1839.
By order, T. J. WATERS, Secretary.
je4 3w
SOTICE.-TheSTUYVESANT AND WASHING.
*TON BANKS, having united their interests under
the name and style of THK WASHINGTON BANK
IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK," Capital $2,000 000,
in 40,000 -shares of $50 each, hereby give notice that said
Bank will be opened for the transaction of business at their
Banking House, No. 325 Bowery, corner of Second street,
on Thursday next, 20th June instant.
Hours of business from 9 A. M. to 4 P M.
The notes of the following banks will be received on de.
posit: City of New York and Brooklyn Banks; Ban& of
the Unied States; Catskill Bank; Tanners' Bank; Farm-
ers' and 'Manufacturers' Bank, Poughkeepsie; Ulster
County Bank; Kingston Bank; Dutchess County Bank;
Powell Bank; Poughkeepsie Bank; Westchester County
Bantik; Highland Bank; Bank of Newburgh; Hudson
River Bank, Hudson. All other Banks of this State, at
the usual discount.
ROBERT VAN RENSSELAER, President.
ALPHEUS SHERMAN, Vice President.
MOSES MAYNARD, Jr. Cashier.
DIRECTORS:
Robt Van Rensselaer, Alpheus Sherman,
Peter Palmer,' Richard Barnes,
Effingham H. Warner, John Harris,
Charles Oakley, Richard Oakley,
Charles Henry Hall, Robert Elder,
Jonathan H. Random, D. H. Robertsen,.
Joel Kelly, John Van Boskerck.
j John E Foley.
New York, 17th June, 1839. jel7 Iwis
BLACK BOM BAZINES-Just received an assortment
of beautiful black and blue black Bombazines, very
cheap, at P. & G. BROWN'S,
jel5 46 Canal street.
S COLMAN, 8 Astor House, will publish tomorrow,
S John Smith, with picture to match-by the origin
al author of Jack Downing. je.14


IRDS AND FLOWERS and other Country Things,
by Mary Howitt. Just published and for sale by
jelO ISRAEL POST, 88 Bowery.
BEEREN'S ANCIfcNT HISTi:RY, 8vo, second
Londox edition-WM. A. COLMAN, No 205
Broadway have for sale the above excellent work.
Also,-iThe Philosophy of Courtship and Marriage,
s18mo.
Honors of the Table, 18mo
Marriage Ceremonies, S19mo
Digestion' made Easy, 18mo, &c. jell
N EW BOOKS.-Lor,1 Brougham's Statesmen of' the
i Times of George III, including Franklin, Pitt, She.
ridan, Wilberforce, Canning, Burke, Lord Chatham, &c,
in 2 vol-, 8va
Lord Br, uaeham's Sketches of Public Characters, Dis.
courses and Essays. To which is added, a dissertation on
thie Eloquence of the Ancients
The Barber of Paris, a Novel, by Paul de Kock, auth.
or of 'Andrew, the Savoyard,' 'Good Fellow," &c, in 2
vols, 12mo
Concealment; a Novel In 2 vols
AdamlBuff, and other Men of Character; by Douglass
Jerrold, in 2 vole
Isabel, or sicily; a Pilgrimage; by Henry T Tuckerman,
I vol, 12nio.
Also-Just received from London -
Vol 114 Lardner's Cyclopaedia; heingvol6cfThilwall's
Greece
Rural Sketches; by Thomas Miller, author of 'A Day
in the Woods,' 'Beauties of the Country,' and 'Royston
Gower,' embellished# with twenty three illustrations, I
vol, post 8Evo
Hints on the Art of Dress, SFc. 'or sale by
WILEY & PUTNAM, Importers,
161 Broadway
3" Books at wholesale and retail. jel9
A ASTRONOMICAL IlNS I'RUMEN IS, &c -Transits
from London, Theotolites, from London, Paris and
Germany; Telescopes of Fraunhope's, Rossiirs, Trough.'
ton & Simnms, and Plopel's make together with a large
assortment ol Nautical Instruments, Mathematical and
Astronomical Books; for sale by
E. & G. W. BLUNT, 179 Water street,
jel7 cor. ofButrling slip.
SIS-S SEDGWI'CK'S NEW BOOK.-This day pub.
inE lished, MEANS AND ENDS, or Self Training, by
the author of Redwood, Poor Rich Man, Live and Let
Live, &c. and for sale, wholesale and retail, by
LOUIS SHERMAN,
je4lw Gregory Buildings. 142Fultonat,
PEACH MOUN I AIN COAL--''The subscribers have
for sale Peach Mountain Coal, fresh from the mines
th's season, in the ordinary sizes in lots to suit-purchasers
LA1NG &S RANDOLPH, 250 Washington St.,
jel I ft and cor. of East Broadway and Gouverneur bt.
P EACH MOUNTAIN COAL-P.each Mountain Coal
Sfor sale in broken lump or nut sizes, by the cargo
aa low as can be purchased in Philideiphia. and deliver
n Philadelphia, New Ycrk, or elsewhere by
I LAIN3 & RANDOLPH, 250 Washington,
'.ll and corner of East Broadway and Governeur
IRGINIA COAL AFLOAT-Now Iandingfromnschr
Elizabeth, a cargo of Virginia Coal, of-first rate
quality for smiths' use. For sale in lots to suit purcha-
seis, by LAING Si RANDOLPH, 2501 Washington st,
and corner of East Broadway and Gouverneur street.
myl4
N EWCASTL1 COAL AFLOAT-Just received and
now landiingfrrmn ship Henry KneeLand, a-cargo of
Newcastle Coal, of a superior quality and size, for fa.
milv purposes, for sale low in lots to suit purchasers, by
applying on. board, foot of Jay street or to
LAING & RANDOLPH,
250 Washington st, and cor of East Broadway and
my30 Gouveneur et.
|b IDDLED NEWCASTLE COAL AFLOAT-N".,
lkU discharging from brig Satisfaction, riddled Newcastle
Coalp, of. first rate quality for smiths and manufacturers,
for sale in lots to suit purchasers,y
LAING & RANDOLPH, 2A Washington st,
jell I and corner of East Broadwav and Gouveneur st.
I ACKA WANA COAIL-For sale .by the cargo-De-
4liverable at Broolyn. Apply at the 'office (lt be
Delaware and Hudson Canal Cor pany, 53 Pine street
New YorE, or to ALFRED WRIGrIT, Agent, at Prowv
dence, Rhode Island. d4 tf
S ,OAL.- The subscribers have on hand Liverpool Or
S rel, Sidney, Pictuu, Virginia, fine Liverpook Riddled
Newcastle, and Cannell Cial, for the grate and lhanufac-
tuters' use, for sale atthe market rates, in lots to-suit pur-
chasers. LAING & RANDOLPH, 250 Washington st,
Corner of Le Roy and Greenwich st, and
mh193 E. Broadway and Governe sts.
u ACKAVW ANA CUA.--Broken and Egg size, deliver
L ed to consumers in New York and Brooklyn, at $6,
50 per ton. Also, Nut Coal at $6-all free ot cartage
-Apply at.the office, at the junction cf East Broadway an"
Division street, at 53 William, corner of Pins street,.or .
the Coal Yard, foot of Jackson street, Brooklyn. d14


SACKAWANA COAl, lor sale,by the cargo. in
i ;at .5s 11Willim

.,g n ~ NEW YORK, ALBANY, AND
A TROY STEAMBOAT LINE-For
v~ [ ,aLBANY-From ttie foot of Bar-
I mitnclay. street.
The ERIE, Friday nm-rnii.g, at7 o'clock.
The ALBANY, Saturday morning, at61 o'clock.
From the foot of Courtlandt street.
The SWALLOW, tomorrow afternoon, at 5 o'clock.
The DE WITT CLINTON, Saturday afternoon
at 5 o'clock.
NOTlCE.-All goods, freight, bagzare, bankbills, ape
cie, or another kind (f property, taken, shipped, or put
on board the boats of this line, must be at the risk of ti-e
o ners of such goods, freight, baggage, &c. je20
NEW YORK AND HARLEM RAILROAD.



SUMMER ARRANGEMENT.
On and af er tha 17th June, the cars will leave the City
Hall, Walker at. and Harlem, at 6 o'clock, 7, 8,8j, 9, 91,
10, 11, and 12 A M, and 1 o'clock P M; and then every
half hour till 8.o'clock
City Hail andi Fifteenth street Line.
The Cars will leave the City Hall and Fifteenth street
every ten minutes, from 7 o'clock A M, till 8 o'clock, P;
M.
The following are the rates of fare :
Fiorm City Hall.
To Fifteenth st. 6t ctsa I To forty second st. 12j cts.
Yorkville, 18f 'I Harlem, 25
From Harlem.
To Yorkville, 61 cts I To Forty second st 12i cts.
Fifteenth st. 1'I | City Hall, 25"
Fare on Sundays between City Hall and Forty second
street and intermediate places, 121 cts
jel7 J. S, WHIGAM, Superintendant.
CAMDEN AND AM BOY RAI LiOAD LINE
^ 'O IILADELPHIA.

Daily,=
Daily, ,Sundays excpte,) at 7 clockA. ..
from pier N 2. North River.
SEVEN O'CLOCK LINE.
Bylsteamboat INDEgENDENCE to South Amboy,
from thence to Bordentown, via Railroad, and from
thence in steamboat, an& arrive in' Philadelphia I at 2
o'clock, P.M. t
Fare Inthe above line, $8. Forward Deck F passengers
to'Philadelphia, $2 25.
FREEHOLD AND MGNMOUTH LINE.- By the*7
o'clock boat, via Rallroad to Hightstown,fromthenceto
Freehold by-stages. Fa to Freehold,$150.'
TRENTON LINE-By the 7 o'clock boat.Fare to
Trenton. $2. Forward deck* passengers, to Trenton,
$1 50.1 -
SFareto Perth aidSouth Amboy,50cents.
B t IRA BLISS,Agenr.
Breakfast and Dinner i0 board-Breakfast, 50cen .;
Dinner, 50 cents.
All Bagas'geattheribn o it'rwner. mhl8


NEW JERSEY RAILROAD & TRANSPORTATION
COMPANY.-
Newark, Elizabethtown, Rahway, and New Brunswick.



INEW BRUNSWICK TRAINS.j
Leave New Yorit(at the foot of Liberty st.)
At 9 o'clock; A. M. daily.d
'41 9. 1 P. M. do.
6 "f P. M. do.
Leave New Brunswick.
At 7io'clock,:A.M do.
1,4 L boon do.
9 1P. M. do. .
On Sunday, the 6 P. M.!trip from New York,[and 7j
A M. trip from New Brunswick,. are omitted.
Fare between New Yok and Elizabethtown, 371
cents; Rahway, 50 cents; New Brunswick,75 cents.
NEWARK ACCOMMODATION LINE.
I (Foot of Courtlatdt at., New York) .
Leave New York Leave Newark
Ai8 o'clock, A. M., 5 "
19 "" 71 "
It1 "9
,2 P. M 10j "
14 I'' P; M.
6 -" "'I 3j "9
8 5j "
On Sunday, leave New YTrk, foot of Liberty et, 9 A M,
and 4| P M; leave Newark 1 P M, and 10 P M.
iight 1,ins, (Sundays excepted.) .
Le;veNew York at 12 o'clock P. M ; and leave New..
ark at 10 'clock P.M.-
Fare between Jersey City and Newark, 371 sents.
Passengers whoprocure their tickets at the TicketOf-
fices,'receive a Ferry Ticket gratis, besides preventing
confusion and delay after crossing the river.
1- Tickets are received by the Conductors only.'on the
day when purchased.
The Town Tracks in theCity ofNewark have been un
derlet, and passengers will be cared to andfrom the De-
potto.meet the arrival and depasure of thetrainsfor 61
certsPeach. my27
BRITISH & AMERICAN S&TAM NAVIGATION
COMPANY-NEW YORA TO LONDON.
$TEAM BSIPt
-BRITISH QUEEN,
f/ on 9 Lheut. RICHARD RO.
,I RTS, R. N Com-
-" ander.
lt Agshis splendid steam
e -p, burthen 2016 tons,
r aW 500 horse power, will
sail from-Lonoon on 29t'r a., and Portsmouth on let
July.
The days appointed for her dearturb from this port for
London, are
1tAAugust, "let October,
e1st December.
The rate of passage is fixed as tollows: Saloon, 35 gul-
neas, or $163 33. Lower staterooms, 80 guineas, or$140.
Fore saloon, 20 guinaes, or $88.
Children under 14 years, half price.
For freight, of which this ship will take -OO tons,or
passage, apply to WADSWORTH & SMITH,
4 Jones' lane, rearof 103 Front street,
Agents of Br. t Am. Steam Nay. Co.
An experienced Surgeon will b< attached to the ship.
Plans of the cabins may be seen at the office of the con.
sienee Jel
fS WANTED 'TO CHiRTER-Thre, Bri'ish
vessels, from 300 to 600 Uns burthen, to proceed
J to an eastern port, and lord with limber-and deals
for England. Apply to
je20 REYBURN & VANDE (VOORT, 10 Old slip.
d OLD LIN19LIVERPOOL'ACKETS-Packet
of Ist July.-The elegant jacket'ship ENG.
LAND, Captain B. L. Waitae will sail as above,
her regularday.
For freight or passage, apply to th Captain, on board,
at the foot of Beekman street, or to 1
GOODHUE &CO.ort q; outh treet.
C. H. MARSHALL, s tree
The packet ship ORPHEUS, Capt D. G. Bailey, will
succeed the England, and sail on the lIh July. je20
4- FOR BOSTON-The ship kSIA, Capt. Cole,
Z= can take a quantity of heavy fight, if immediate
-application be made.to L
Je2T CAY & QC, 90 Pine street.
L ." LONDON LINE OFPAV$ETS -To sailthe
10th July -The packet sh# SAMMON, Rus-
H sell Sturgis, master, will sail as above, her
regular day. For freight or passage apply to thecaptain
on board the shin, at foot of Maiden lne, or co
jel9 GRINNELL,. MINTURN & CO 134 Front st.
eac FOR HAVRE-Toe suoer 'copper fastened
and coppered French bark ,IGREACaptain
eBourdin. will positively sail the 3o0th-TJune.
e accommodations for passengers e equal to those
of the .packets.* For freight or passa apply on board,
east side Peck slip, or to t
jel8 P. A. H. RENAULD, 30 Pile street, up stairs.
Ar F' A tiHAVRE-Packeto~he 24th of June.-
The packet ship LOUIS HILIPPE, Captain
J. Castoff. will sail on the regular day, as above,
taking the place of the Iowa. -
Tor freight or passage, apply to the captain onboard,
foot Rectorstreet, or to
C. BOLTON, FOX& LIVINGSTON,
jel5 22 Broad street.
A."E FOR VALPARAISO kND GUAYAQUIL-
iS A fast sailing A 1 copperid and copper fastened
th Ship of 51)0 tons burtheni, will be despatched for
the above port in the course of 30,days. For freight- or
passage, apply to
jeI3 DAVIS, BROOKI & CO. 21 Broad st.
FOR LIVERPOOL-lacket of the 7th July.-
f. [fhThe packet ship SHAKIPEARE, Alex. Britton,
,l--i~will sail- as above her regular day.
For freight or passage, apply i board foot of Maiden
lane, or to "
jel3 ORINNELL, MINTURg & CO. 184 Frontst.i
.:i FOR THE CAPE OF GOOD HOPE AND
tt BATAVIa.
S The first rate coppered and copper fastened
ship ktOBT. BOWNE, C. Mansield, master, will have
immediate despatch for the above ports She has good
accommodations for passengers. For which, or for the
bulk of 200 to 8000brls freight. a)plv to
GRINNELL, hINTURN & CO,
my23 134 Frontat.


FOR LONDON-The ltot sailing coppered A I
British brig MAGNET, ,. Spark, master, will
have early despatch. Foi freight or passage, ap-
plyto E. K. COLlINS & O. 56 South st. je4
A LONDON LINE OF lACKETS-To sail on
the 20th June,-The packet ship IQUEBEC, F.
H. Hebard, master, will sail as above her re-
dr nay.
For freight or passage, apply totbe captain on board, at
Pino atreet wharlt' nr to


I I I 1 1 II I II I II. .I I -
SHIP RHIONE, FROM HA VRE.-Consignees-of goods
by the above ship will please send their permit on
board as soon as possible, at the foot of Rector street, or to
the office of the subscribers.
N. B.-AlI goods not permitted in five days will be sent
to the public store.
.C. BOLTON, FOX & LIVINGSTON,
jel8 ,2 Broad street.
ANTED -An active, intelligent Lad, of about 16,
to assist in a Druz Store; one who has some know-
ledge of the business, and can bring satisfactory rellren.
ces, can obtain a situation, by applying at the Bowery
Medicine store, 260 Bowery. Jel3
W, ANTED IMMEDIATELY, a young man in a
SBookstore that is well acquainted with the book-
sellng business. He must come well recommended from
his last employer. Apply at 88 Bowery. jell tf
0O PRINCIPALS OF'SEMINARIMS. -A gentleman
. actively engaged In teaching, wishes to he employed
as an instructor in the higher departments of an English
education, or in the Latin languages, tor one or two hours
a day, between 12 and 2 o'clo-k, at a Seminary either for
boys or young ladies, within a few minute's walk of the
corner of Broadway.and- Bleecker street, either immedi.
ately or from the first cf September. References unex.
xceptionable- Address L. L., sub-post office, Stuyvesant
Institute.. jelO eod2wMW&F&TuT&S*
0O CAPITALISTS.-Wanted from $3 to $5000 on
SBond sfid Mortgage on property worth double the
amount in the heart of one of the largest neighboring
cities. Address box 1344 upper post office. whl8 istf
SOTICE.-AII persons are cautioned against trusting
I the crew of the French bark TIGRE, from Havre,
as no debts of their contracting will be paid by the captain
or consignee. je7 3w
A/ ANTED, to go a short distance into the country,
Sa LAUNDRESS. who understands her business.
Apply at No 5 Wayerley Place, my22 tf
N NEW YORK, 15th June, 1939.
OTICE.-The connexion existing between the sub-
sbrlbers, under the firm of WOLFE, BISHOP, & CO., is
dissolved by mutual consent. The business will be con-
tinued by JOHN D.WOLFE and JAPIET BISHOP,
under the firm of WOLFE & BISHOP, who are author-
ised to collect all the debts of the late firm, and sign the
name in liquidation.


jel5 2wislw


JOHN D. WOLFE,
JAPHET BISHOP,
JOHN P. COFFIN,
JAMES M. PEASE.


LAFAYETTE BANK OF THE CITY OF NPLW
A YORK.
A T an Election for Directors of this Institution, held
on the 11lth Inst., the following gentlemen weie duly elect
ed Directors for the ensuing year:
Richard McCarty Charles Dusenberrv
Jacob Westervelt Daniel B Tallmadge
Farnham Hall Thomas G Talmage
Burr Wakeman Benjamin D Brush
William M Clarke James M Cook
Freeman Campbell Alfred Colvill
Samuel Martin.
And at a subsequent meeting of the Board, RICHARD
McCARTY, Esq. was unanimously re-elected Presi-
dent. jel4 lw
DELAWARE & HUDSON CANAL CO.,
T June 3,1839.
SHE Board of Managers of this Company have de.
cleared dividend of three and a half per cent. on the Ca
plal Stock, which will be paid to the stockholders on and
after the 20th inst.
The Transfer Book will be closed from the 3d to the 10th
inst. By order of the Board,
Je3 Im J. H. WILLIAMS, Treasurer.
3 IVIDEND.-The Board of Directors of the HOW.
D ARD INSURANCE COMPANY have this day
declared a dividend of Eight per cent. on the new capital,
payable on and after the 3d June next.
my23 Im LEWIS PHILLIPS. Secretary.*
CONTRIBUTIONSHIP INSURANCE CO
Office No 57 Wall street. .
E June 4, 1839.
T HE Board of Directors have this day declared a Di-
vidend of Eight per cent. on the new capital, payable on
and afier the l6th instant. Transfer Book will be closed
on the 10th.
je5 lm3tis R.'W. MARTIN, Secretary.
T |HE MUTUAL' SAFETY INSURANCE COM.
_. PANY, No. 44 Wall street, make Marine and Fire.
Insurance, at the same rates as the other Insurance Offices
of this city, and the entire prohts are shared by the in.
sured.
TRUSTEES '
Zebedee Cook, Jurr Moses Taylor .
Gulian C Verplanck Charles Sagory
Robert B Mintuin William H-Aspinwall
Pelatiah Perit :Caleb tartlett
George T Ellictt John Harper
Rufus L Lord Adam Norrie
David Hadden, Mortimer Livingston
Sidr.ey Brooks Nathaniel Weed
Berman Oelrichs Archibi'd Oracle
Alfred Pell E A N tGraves
Henry W Hicks John Duerc
Samuel F Dorr Joseph Blunt.
SEBEDEB COOK, Jr., President.
ALFRED P ELL, Vice President
JOS B. COLLINS, Secretary. my25 istf
O OFFICE OF THE EASt' RIVER FIRE INSUR.
ANCJE COMPANY of the City of New York, No.-44.
William street, one door south of Wall New York, 4th
June, 1839.
DIVIDEND.-The Directors have this day declared a
semi-annual dividend of six per cent. upon tl. renewed
capital stock of this institution, out of'the profits thereon,
payable on and after Wednesday, the 12th instant, to the
Stockholders of the lot instant, or their legal representa-
tives.
The Transfer Book will be closed from this date to the
11 th instant inclusive.
je5 Im GOLD S. SILLIMAN, Secretary.
FiO CONTRACTORS FOR EXCAVATION AND
A EMBANKMENT-Proposals will be received on the
llth proximo, at tile Engineer's office in Reading, for 'he
remainder of the roadway formation, (with the exception
of a few light sections) yet to be-cQntracted for, between
Reading and Pottsville. Plans and profiles of the sec-
tions tobe let, will be exhibited after the 6th July at Read.
inm, and any further information which may be desired
will be furnished on application to the assistant engineers
on the line, or to the undersigned at Reading.
WIRT ROBINSON, Acting Engineer.
Reading, Pa. June 17th 17th, 1839. jel8 dtjvl0.
C1AU T'ION.-The public are cautioned against an im-
C position that is about to be practiced on them by a
person who is now getting out a pamphlet in this city call.
ed the Jarvis Report. The only true and faithful, as well
as impartial report of that trial, was taken by the subscri-
oer, who had access to all the private-papers ol b~th coun-
sels, and which has bten examined and approved by
them, will be presented to the public in a few days, in a
book of about 150 pages, including the Petition of Mrs.
Jarvis, the Remonstrance of her husband, all the private
statements, documents, letters, depositions and the setdi.
mony of the witnesses in the questions and answers given
in on trial. A copy right has been secured by the pub-
lisher, and any infringement will be met with the rigor o
the law. EDMUND B. GREEN.
Hartford, Conn.. June 18, 1839.
The Star, Commercial, American, Couiier, Times,
Whig, and Transcript, will please copy the above three
times and charge the advertiser. Jel9
A FRENCH LADY wishes a situation as Governess
In a private family, either in the city or in the coun-
try. Shesajeaksthe English Lantguage, and is fully corn
petent to instruct in French, Music, and Singing Apply
at No. 6 Clinton Place. jel9 1w
RHIO CANAL LOAN.-The Commissioners of the
0 Ohio Canal Fund, by virtue of authority vested in
them, will receive sealed proposals until three o'clock P
ivi. on Tuesdav, the 21 day of July next, for a loan-of one
million of dollars, to be paid as Ibilows, (to wit) twenty
per cent. at the t me the proposals shall be aecep'ed, arind
the remainder In monthly instalments of twenty per cent.
each, beginning on the first day of August next, interest to
commence from.the date of each payment.
The proposals may be for the wholeof said loan, or for
any part thereof, not less than ten thousand dollars.-
Transferable Certificat s of Stock will be issued, bearing
an interest at the rate of six per cent. per annum, payable
eemi.annually in the city of New York, on the first days
of January and July, after the last instalment shall have
been paid, at which place the books for the transfer of
stock shall be kept-the principals of the loan to be reim.
bursableat the pleasure of the State; after the 31st day of
December, 1856.
The Commissioners claim the privilege to take a less
sum than one million of dollars, if in their opinion the
terms proposed shall not" be advantageous to the State.-
Proposals addressed to the Commissioners at the Manhat-
tan Bunk in this city, will be received with attention.
New York, June 18th, 1839.
SAM. F. MACCRACKEN,
DANIELJ. K[LGORE,
JOSEPH S. tAKE,
jel9 tJy2d Commissioners of the Ohio Canal Fund,
J ORT WINE-50 dozen ,uperior Fort Wine; also,
eno Port Wine on draught, for sale by
jel7 R. H. AT WELL, 381 Broadway. "
LAt K TEA-A few packages of fine quality cum.
shaw,for sale by
jel7 3t CARY & CO. 90 Pine st.
,i ANILLA HEMP-500 bales now landing from sh
IV. Asia, for sale by
je13 CARY & CO. 90 Pine st.
M OUTARDE DE MAILLE, PARtIS VINEGAR,
tl&c.-Just received per Louis Philippe, 4 cases
Moutarde and Vinegar, from the celebrated house of Mail.
Ic, at Paris, far sale by
A. BININGER & CO 141 Broadway.


Also, in store, a large assortment of English Sauces,
Anchovy Paste, Truffles, Mushrooms, &c. jel3


SAUTEKRNi WliNCE-A few cases, of' acniicequal-
ity, received this Jay, and for sale by
v..0 IG RAflT5 Ii O 2 OB Rodna t


J. P. WVRItIIIT,
BOOK J.ND JOB PRINTER,
(Office of the "New-York American,")
No. 18 Nuw STREET, N. Y.
All Orders executed wh ,'atness and punctualltf, and
on moderate terms.
Chancery Bills and othdlraw wora, carefully printed
CLARKE & COMPANY,
FANCY DRY GOODS
No. 837 Broad aY, New York.
April 29 tf
S. & L; HOLMES,
No.44 Maiden Lane, .
Dealers in Linens. Sheetings, Damasks, Towelling#, &c.,
Blankets, Quilts, Flannels, &c.
With a large assortment of Dry G-ods.
J. S. FOUNTAIN,
Wholesale and retail dealer in Silk Goods,
Laces, Embroideries, Shawls, Rich Muslin, &c. &";
No. 231 Broadway,
(Adjoining the American Hotel,)
Where will be found the newest and most] fashionable
Goods in his branch of business ny 29 is
ROCKLAND LAKE ICE.
A. B ARMORE & CO. 622 Greenwich street.
Has on hand a largesupply of this superior article, and
will supply
SHIPS, STEAMBOATS, HOTELS AND PRIVATE
FAMILIES,
in any quantities, and at the shortest notice.
N. B.-AIi orders for the above Ice, will be received at
T DOWNING'S, 5 Broad street, where the article can be
seen. my6 6m
A YOUNG LADIES' SCHOOL.
CARD.-MRS. EDWARDS (formerly Miss M.
Oram) Informs he, friends and the public generally, that
she has opened a Boarding and Day School, at No. 1 Al-
bany street, corner of Green vich street, and is flow ready
to receive pupils.
The course of instruction will Include all the branches
of the French and English languages necessary for a fe-
male education, and for which, the best masters will be
engaged.
References-Mrs. J. Waddineton, Mrs. Dr. Van Rens-
selaer. Rev. Dr. Milnor, Rev. Dr. Wainwright, Rev. Dr.
Whittingham.
Terms made known on application to the school.
myl] 2m is Ires.
N NEW YORK AND ERIE RAILROAD.
OTICE TO CONTRACTORS.-Sealed Proposals
will be received by the subscriber until the tenth day
of July-next, at the Office of the New York and Erie
Railroad Company, in Goahen, Orange County, New
York, for the graduation and masonry of eleven miles
of their Railroad, in the County of Rocklnd, extend-
lag from that portion of the line which is now under contract
to the west line of the County; and likewise for the gra-
duation and masonry of between twenty and thirty miles
in the County of Orange, extending westwardly from the
line of Rockland County.
he line passes through the Ramapo Valley, by Rama-
po works, Sloatsburg and Monroe Aorks, and through
Monroe, Chester and Goshen, to S uth Middleton.
Plans, profiles, &c. will be ready for examination after
the first of July next, at the offices in Tappan and Go.
shen, for the portions of the line In the respective Coun.
ties.
Security will be required for the performance of Con.
tracts. Persons who are unknown to the Subscriber, or
to the Engineers, will be expected to f.rrnish satisfactory
testimonials. No transfer of Contracts will be-'recognised.
Individuals proposing for more work than they wish to
contract for, must specify the quantity they wish to take.
The undersigned receives the right of rejecting all
propositions which appear incompatible with the interests
of the Company.
For further particulars apply to H. C. Seymour, resi-
dent Engineer, Tappan, Rockland County, N. Y., and A.
C. Morton, resident Engineer, Goshen, Orange County,
N. Y. E; LORD,
je4 tlOjy Commissioner for Orange and Rockland Co.
OOMS-furnished or un-urnished, can be obtained at
119 Cedar street, west of Broadway-with breakfast
and tea, if desired. Terms moderate. Apply as above.
HOUSE 10 LEt in the 3d Avenue, between
S19th and 20th streets. To a respectable family it
15Ell will be rented low. Apply to
my23 SYLVEST'ER & CO. 156 Broadway.X
STO LET -An office in the upper part of store
No 20 Broad street.
Inquire on the premises.
jel3
FUR SALE IN NEWPORT, RHODE ISLAND.
The subscriber intending to go abroad, offers
111 for sale, his residence near the Beach, with the
|,j|L grounds around the Mansion House and out offi-
ces, in all from 4 to 6 acres, and more if required.
The'grouriJs are highly improved with shrubberies, and
the la-wrs is scattered with trees of a proper growth to
render tre whole, beautifully ornamental. ,
The house has rooms sufficient to accommodate a large
.family. This place has no superior, if an equal In New.
port for locality, and the good taste displayed in laying
out the grounds,the whole having been under the exclusive
di-rection of a first rate English gardener. For parti.
culars apply to J. M. Bixby, Esq, Attorney at ILaw.
New York, or to the proprietor.
my2istf ROBERT JOHNSTON.
TO LET.
SThe Stores, 13s and 134 Front Front street, cor-
ner Pine street, an excellent situation fora Grocer
or Con mission Merchant. Apply to
GRINNELL, MINTURN & CO.
jl7e .. 124 Front st.
kIOIJUS ANI) LOt *FuR iAB.-T-'he House
m and Lot No 3 University Place. The louse is 35
3 feet hIeno, 3 stories high, built in the-best manner
----The lot is in fee. Apply to .
jel8 DAVIS, BROOKS & CO. 21 Broad at.
S'"HOICE BLACK TEA.-Souchong, Pouchong, and
XJ Oolong, in chests,. half chests, and. twenty pound
boxes, of recent importations, for sale by
my'3 2w GILLESPIE &ED wARDS 73 Wall st.
PANISH SRUAKSS-300,o00 o1 various brand, in half
a^ and qr boxe.; also, genuine Principes, Perez, and
other favorite brands, for sale by
jel2 GRACIE & CO. 20 Broad street.
S-L&SRET WINES-Of choice qualities, Chatean
IJ Margaux, La Fitte, Leoville, and other brands, in
cases, each one dozen, put up with glass stoppe-s, re-
ceived from the most respectable Wine houses at BAr.
deaux, and fbr sale by "
jel3 GRACIE & CO. 20 Broad st.
l. IDES -1500 hung dried Hides, for sale by
E|jel9 HOWLA D & ASPINWALL, 55 South st
SMOKED BEEF-9 hlids. 2 brls. smoked Beef, ior
sale by 'HOWLAND & ASPINWALL,
jelS 55 South st


INDIGO-65 ceroons prime Caraccas Indigo, just re
ceived, for sale by
jel9 HOWLAND & ASPINWALL, 55Sonth st
U ORN-1500 bushels Corn, just received from N. Or
leans, tfor sale by
jl9 HOWLAND &ASPINWALL, 55 South st
S J. SYLVE'STER'S REPORTER STAND COUN.
o TER FEIT DETECTOR published for the lst
15 years in pamphlet form and tolio sheet, for sale at
S. J. SYLIFESTER'S, 130 Broadway,
jel7 and 22 Wall street.
ILLS OF EXCHANGE on all parts of Great Britain
and Ireland, in sums of 51.to any amount, for sale
by S. J. SYLVESTER & CO.
jel7 130 Broadway, and 22 Wall st.
t LOLLECTIUON on all parts el the United States, ca-
S naaas and -Eu ope, made on the most favorable
terms, by S. J. SYLVESTER, 130 Broadway,
jel7 and 22 Wall st.
NCURRENT MONEY, Foreign Gold and Silver
U Treasury Notes, &c. bought and sold at low rates
at S. J. SYLVESTER'S. 130 Broadway,
jel7 and 22 Wall st.
SUMMER CLOTHING AT RE'AIL.-Ttiesubscri-
bers wishing to reduce their large stock of Summer
Clothing, will offer it at retail for cash unlit 1st August
at reduced prices. F. J. CONANT & CO.
81 Cedar street, up stairs, between Nassau, and
je17 3t Broadway.
SEGiAtt-10 M superior 'Havana Cazadores', receiy.
S eJ this day; also, 5id0 M of various brands, in store,
or sale by je0 GRACIE & CO. 20 Bioad at.
AKRDINES, and French preserved Game, of various
S kinds, lor saie by R. H. ATWELL,
je6 381 Broadway


if iOBACCO-150 hhds Kentucky, for sale by
. m30 GOODHUE & CO. 64 South st.


iUGAKt-32 hds prime Porto Rico Sugar, for sale by
je4 HOWL\ND & aSPINWALL, 55 South rt.
,IOR SALE BY C. BOLTON, FOX & LIVING.
SSTON, u2 Broad street, now landing from the ship
Tecumseh,from Havre. a lot of very superior Champagne
Also, small parcel of Chambertin and Chabis, which is
represented Ps being of excellent quality. my29
.W ESTPHALIA HAMS &. ENGLISH CHEESE,
of superior quality, just received, for sale by
R. H. ATWELL, 381 Broadway,
jel7 coiner of White street.
C' GOVERNMENT JAVA COFFEE-20 bags extra
M quality Government Java Coffee, just received, lor
sale by R. H. ATWELL, 381 Broadway,
jel7. corner of White st.
ONDON DOUBLE BROWN STOUT-Best bottlKd
London Double Brown Stout and Porter; bottled Ale,
ats and nts. for sale by -


AUCTION SALES.

GEORGE B. ROLLINS, Auctioneer.
BYWILKINS, ROLLINS, & CO.
(Sales Boom No. 17 Broad street,)
W. 1. & Co. have made .arrangements in addition
to their sales of Real Estate,. at public and private sale, to
attend to sales of HOUSEHOLD FURNIT.URE, cargoes
of Mahogany, Groceries, &c. &c.and to t.ansact a general,
Auction and Commission business.
W. R. & Co. have opeiea REGISTER for the dispo.
sition of property at PRIVATE SALE.
TUESDAY, -
At 12 o'clock, at their sales room, 17 Broad street
Chancery Sale. -Under the direction of Daniel U;man,
Esq., master In chancery, all that certain lot, piece or
parcel of ground, situate on the southerly corner of Hud-
son and'Dominick tree's being 21 feet frontand 70 feet
deep. -
FRIDAY, June 26th,
At 12 o'clock, attheir sales room, 17 Broad sti eet.
Chancery Sale-Under the direction of Frederink De.
peyster, Eaq, Master in Chancery-The 8 story brick
house and lot, No 144 Fulton street, a few doors east o
Broadway.
MONDAY, July 15,
Chancery Sale-At 12 o'clock at their sales 'room, 17
Broad stieet, under the direction of DanieJ Ulliman, rsq.,
M-aster in Chancery, all that certain lot, piece, or parcel of
ground-, with the building thereon erected, situate, lying
and being in the present 15th Ward of the City of New
York, known as No. 41 Bond street.
A)so-All that certain lot, piece or parcel of ground'with
the building thereon erected, situate, lying, and being'in
the present 15th Ward of the City of -ew York, known as
No. 39 Bona street.
Also-All that certain lot, piece, or parcel of ground with
the building thereon erected, situate, lying and being in
the present 15th Ward of the City of New York, known
as No. 87 Bond.street. -
L. M. HOFFMAN, Auctloner
SBY L. MI. HOFFIVAN & C-
Store corner of .Wall and Frontatt,.
L. M. Hoffman & Co. will give their-attention to Furi
lure Sales
S TOMORROW
At 11 o'clock in front of thetr auction room,
Port Wine-100 qr casks and hhds superior Port Wine,
entitled to debenture. ,
Potatoeas-20 casks German potatoes, in good order.
SATURDAY, June 22.
4Sal Soda-Under warden's inspection, 60 casks sal so-
da, damaged onthe voyage of importation.
Mill Stone#-At 12, Otock 'WtYe yard corner of Rector
and Washington sts, 169 mill. stones, assorted, 23 to 26
inches diameter, ground stones oij to 7 inches thick; runner
6a14 Inches thick.
Ship Hobart-At 11- o'clock at the Mer Exc, the well.
known fast sailing ship Hobart, coppered and copper las.
tened, burthen 310 tons or 2000 bls, coppered in Liverpool
in 1888 with heavy copper, Is abundantly found in all re-
spects, and may be sent on a voyage without any expense.
Lies at tee foo. of James 4t Inventory at auction room.
TUESDAY,
At II o'clock, in front of the auction store.
Wine-200 qr casks superior Port Wine
Sherry- o100 Indlan-bbls Sherry wine, in bond
Brig Ajax.-At I1 o'clock at the M E, the* fast sailing
copper fastened and coppered clipper built brig Ajax 160
tons burthen, now lies at the foot of Gouverneur lane In-
ventory to be seen at the store 186 South st.
THURSDAY, June 27.
Ship Monipeller-At I o'clock, at the Merchants' Ex.
change, if not previously sold at private sale, the copper
fastened ship Montpehlier, 320 tons burthen,- sails fast,
and carries a large cargo, and well calculated for a wha
ier; has recently arrived from Dunkirk, where she
underwent heavy repairs, and was newly copipeted with
heavy copper, is well found in sails and rigging, and cab
be sent to sea at a trifling expFense. No lies at Pier 26
E R.
LOST-About the 27th May, from the fodt of Pike street
ER, 3 logs of mahogany, of the following marks and
numbers :
ARA lot 50, green paint, No of log 77,con'g 12 feet.
49, do do A9, 39 ft 10 in.
49, do do- 60, 27 ft 10 in.
Any information respecting the same will be thankfully
rewarded bv Messrs L M" HOFFMAN & CO.
WALDEN PELL, Auctioneer.
BY -D. C. & W, PELL. -
np o- 'Btore-No.87Wallstreit
D C & W Pell will give particular attention to sales of
household furnitpre.
SATURDAY.
At I 11i o'clock, in front ofthe auction store.
Malaga Raisins-5 ,0 boxes Malaga Raisins
Coffee-60 bags Laguira coffee, damaged
MONDAY,
At 3 o'cleock, at.Bicknills,' wharf, Brooklyn.
Mansanilla Mahogany and Cedar-The carge of Man-
sanilla Mahogany and Cedar per brig Glide, part large
size. Terms, 4 months ior all sums over. $100 aoproved
endorsed atoes. Catalogues will be ready on the morning
of sale.
oTUESDAY; June 25th.
*At I 11 o'clock, in front of the auction store.
Champagne--5 baskets champagne
Tea-30 half chests tea
Java Ccffee-30 bags Java coffee
SAt half past 11 o'clock, at the Large Room of the City.
Hotel.
Sale of Bottled Wine,, part of the stock of Mr. John
tadsby, of Washisgton City, D. C.- 10,000 bottles of
choice Wine, selected by Mr. Gadaby, with great care in
the course of the. last thirty years- among which will lie
tound, Madeira-, imported in 1807 to order for Mr. Jeffer.
son, Madeira, fiom the well known house of Newton,
Gordon, Murdo.k & Co., imported by Messrs. McDonald
& Didglay, In 1803. Also, a very choiceparcel imported
into Georgetown in 1706, bottled in 1808, Alsoilmported
by Messrp, Howard, -March & Co., in, the- various years
from 1815 to 1825, Also, Blackburn, imported froa 1814
to 1821, has been twice to India. AJso, some extra, ima.
ported from Messrs Shaffer & Young, in -li2 Also,
Wager," Madeira Wine, selected without regardto
cost, imported about 28 years since.
*Sherries," Pomar," Pale Sherry," Lobo."
Pomar-Brown Sherry, "Lobe,, imported by Mr. Po.
mar, the Spanish Consul at Norfolk.. ,
Also-East India Brown Sherry, imported by Messrs. -
Mc Donald & Ridgisy, ofNortolk."
All the above Wines were laid in by Mr. Gadsby, with.
out regard to expense, and selected for him by competent
.judges. .
Some of these Wines have been in Mr. Gad-by's pos.
*essien upwards af 24 years. Their character is too well
known to require farther particulars. "
ljThe above consists entirely of Mr Gadsby's sick, and
no other wine wIll be admitted at this sale
Terms liberal. Catalogues will be forwarded if desired.
The Globe, The National-Intelligencei\ The United
States ('trlla.) Gasette', The Baldimorq Patrnot, 'jl'he Rich-
mond Whig, Thse Boston Courier; and The Albanv Daily
Adverti er, will please insert three times' a week till sale,
and send papers stating the charge, to D. C. & W. PELL
for payment, forthwith. .
FRIDAY, 20th instant,'
Chbapaign, &.c--At'a *'of 11 o'clock within their store,
1700 basamfcr champaign wines, various brands, 2100 boxes
claret, 620 boxes olives, pickles, anchovies, &c; 56,000 Ha-
vana segars -


JOSIAH RICHARDS, Auctioneer.
BY BANGS, RICHAIRDS & PLA TT,
Store, 196 Broadway..
S- THIS AFTERNOON AND TOMORROW,
SAt 4 o'clock, P. M. each day,
Kare and Curious Old English Books and Books in For-
eign Languages-Embracing an extensive collection of
valuable and standard works in Divinity, History, Clas.
sics, Architecture, Languages, &c, many of them eX..
tremely curious on account of their age and great rarity..
--Among them are, Piranesi's Rome, 24. folio plates: La.
bordin's Voyages, folio, 71 plates;.Byron,a Works,8 vole,
50 engravings; D'Agmncourt's Stories of Arts, f>lio,
325 pla es Gill's Topography of Troy .and Ithaca, fo-
lio, 41 beautiful colored pates ; Fox's Book of Martyrs ;
3 vols, folio, plates; the only complete edition ; Bunyan's
entire works, 2 vols folio ; Forceltiln's Lexicon, 4 vote
folio, calf; Glossarium Novum ad Scr'ptores, 10 vols
folio,; Leoni's Architecture of Palladio, "folio; Gordon's
Tacitus, 2 vols folio ; Middleton's Cice o, 2 vols 4to; Ho-
garth's Works, morocco; P rkinson's Organic-Remains,
2 vol 4to, colored plates ; Histories of Et gland, by RU.
pie, Tindal, Mortimer, Kennot, Macauly, Echard, Old-
mixon, Henry, Andrews, Smollett, lHume andl other ;
Pedrusi and Pionvene's account of the midals io the Far-
nase Museum, 10 vols folio ; Afacharsis' Travels, 5 vole
Svo'; Toqoe's Diversions of Purley, 2 vote, 4to ; Smea-
ton's Eddystone Light House ; Wood's Trrography,
3 voels, 8vo plates; t-larepdon's Rebellion, 3 voels folio ;
Bayle's Dictionary, 4 vole folio; 'T'eiple' works; Stock.
house History of the Bible; Tillotson's Works, 2 vols;
Pope's Works; Chu chill's Puems; Gray's do; Parnel's
do; Raliegh's History of the World; Davilla's History of
France; Plutarch's Lives; Campbell's do of the Admirali;
Chairon on Wisdom; Maithus 'on Population; Berkley's
Works; Henry's Miscellaneoum do; Jonathan Edwards "
do; Beaumont & Fletcher's Works; Russell's History of
Alleppo; Ackerman's Repository-, 10 vols; Biographia
Dramatica,5 vols. Also, a large collection of bobks in
foreign languages, including French,. Spaiiish, Latin,
German and Hibrew. -
t Catalogues are now ready, and the books arranged for
examination.
.TUESDAY, 27th August, and following days.
Thirtieth New York Trade Sale-by appointment of the
Committee of next Trade.
S"AT PRIVATE SALE,
A large assortment offine and superfine white and blue
letter papers at low prices.
Also, a Washington proof pitess, in good order.
Also, a set.of Stereolype plates, for a 12mo Bible, entire.
ly new and complete.
Also, 44 reams fine medium priritiig paper; 54 do do
medinm.and h'lfdo.


FOR
DR. HORNE'S ADVERTISEMIE 1NT
SEE LAST PAGE OF THIS PAPER, al.tf


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District of Columbia, is no more in the power of any Mr. ANTHONY BUTLER to Mexico, and the confident and constituting one people of thirteen united, free, his disciples, and settles every question among them by
member of Congress to effect than the immediate abo. tial letters of the late President to the Secretaries of and independent States. the simple formula of He said it." And such an ss.
lition of polygamy at Constantinople, or the immediate Arkansas and Florida, down to the last session of Upon these principles their Union had been formed, tendancy he has acquired, with the exception of a few
lo. abolition of widow burning in Hindostan; and if it Congress, when all your petitions against this mere- and was by them declared perpetual. Upon these intelligent men, unable to keep pace with him in the
nrd were possible even to introduce into the House of tricious amalgamation were laid, unheard and unread, principles the Constitution of the United States and suddenness and rapidity of his political pirouettes, but
,e- Representatives a bill to that effect, I should vote upon the table, are still at work, and with exertions those of all the separate States have been professedly who cannot sustain themselves long in opposition to
ay against it so long as I should know it to be not only as active as ever. At tile late session of Congress, founded. They have been considered as the immova- any of his circumvolutions.
ve- unwelcome, but odious, to at least four-fifths of the the whole South, and the Administration part of the ble and eternal foundation of all our political institu- The resistance against the counter-revolutionary
'b- People throughout the Union. North, combined to suppress all debate andall discus- tions, and we have gloried in them as first introduced system is somewhat greater in Virginia. Her own
!r. In a special manner should I be opposed to the en- sion upon the subject of Texas ; but if the projected under our auspices to the admiration and emulation of College of William and Mary may indeed claim the
.s. actmeut of a law to operate exclusively upon the peo. annexation had been honestly and fairly abandoned, the world of man. We have all known that there was honor of having originated the theory ; but she is not
of pie of the District of Columbia, against the will of there could have been no possible motive then for re- another theory of human government, founded upon altogether pleased with the sound of the bugle-horn
lo that people, and in compliance with petitions from per- fusing to hear, to consider, and to answer, the petite the supposed unlimited and illimitable nature of consti- from South Carolina to give notice that she has assum-
he sons not to be affected themselves by the law. This tions against it. The present purpose of the Carolina tuted power-that the issue of the seven years'war of ed the departed sceptre of Judah, and that the law-
e- is contrary to the first principles of our institutions. party apparently looks, however, to a double process of our independence was precisely the conflict between giver is coming from between her feet. A remnant of
Of The Declaration of Independence derives all the just Texian amalgamation and of separation from the North. these two theories of government, the theory of human rev,2rence fbr the name and opinions of Thomas defter-
powers of government from the consent of the gov- You will understand who I mean by the Carolina party, rights and the theory of' constituted power-that the son, with the proud recollection that he, her own son,
he erned. When the people are represented in the You are aware that within a few years a political sect cause of Great Britain in that war was staked upon the was the author of that Declaration, still stands in the
to Legislative Assembly, the consent of the whole must or faction has arisen in the State of South Carolina theory of power, and our cause upon the theory fright. way of that recreant spirit which disclaims as false,
Of be inferred from the voice of the representative ma- under the guidance of a very small number of highly And when our fathers were tauntingly asked lAw they sophistical, or unmeaning" its glorious self-evident
e jority; but when the people are to be bound by laws talented, ambitious, and disappointed men, of that could, for seven long years, endure the unutterable truths! But these are only expansions of soul-seal!.
n1 emanating from a legislative assembly wherein they class of politicians the natural production of all great miseries of their country under the devastations of a mental maxims; and there stand the ,,tendencies of
have no representatives, their will must be ascertain. republics, and characterized nearly two thousand years combined civil, foreign and savage war, for a three- associated wealth "-the twelve hundred millions of
te ed by manifestations from themselves. Now it is cer- since by a Roman historian in four words-,,Satis penny tax upon tea, they answered, as their Congress, dollars in human bones, and muscles, and sinews-the
on tain .that a great majority of the inhabitants of the eloquentite, sapientime parum"-Eloquent, not wise. after the close of the contest, on the 24th of April, three millions of immortal-souled chattels !-and which
;i- District are utterly averse to the abolition of slavery The first disclosure of their aspirations was by an 1783, had reminded them, '&Let it be remembered, that of the scales of the balance, think you, will kick the
u- among them bylaw, and would consider it as an un- ostentatious and persevering attempt to supplant Vir- it has ever been the pride and boast of America, beam .
n" constitutional violation of their rights of property. I ginia as the leading State of the Union. When the line that the rightsfor which she contended were the rights I would do no injustice to the ancient and honorable
r hold the opinion that one human being cannot be made of Virginia Presidents was evidently drawing to a close, of human nature." commonwealth of Virginia. I know there are still within
he the property of another. That persons and things are, immediately after the second election of Mr. MONROE,, The rights of human nature Such was the doc- her noble spirits firmly believing that slavery is an evil, and
re by the laws of Nature and of Nature's God, so distinct the Legislature of South Carolina, converted into a trine of 1776, and such the doctrine of 1783; but now, hoping, faintly hoping, that it will oneday be banished from
r. that no human laws can transform either into the caucus, gravely and ardently held a debate which of ask President DEw what are the rights of human na- within her borders. We have seen in the conduct of her
*i- other. But this is not the opinion o0 the people of the two citizens of South Carolina, Mr. WILLIAM ture, and he will tell you that slavery was the mother representative at the Court of London that she feels it as
he District Of Columbia; and in the enactment of laws to LOWNDES or Mr. JOHN C. CA.LHOUN, was to be the of civilization. Ask Chancellor HARPER what are the a keenand bitter reproach tobe toldthat she has t
I'. ea ecusvey pn he, ra breeder of slaves for sale ; that she glal oli h
1ts bear exclusively upon them, and not upon myself or successor to the presidency, at the next election, then rights of human nature, and he will tell you that man couldden i t tre from the epedintsto
my immediate constituents, I must be governed by four years distant in time. After a heated discussion, has a.natural aversion to labor, and that he will not whid hreorted for the vindication of his ownhonor and
r- their will and not by my own. and an arduous canvass, the friends of Mr. LOWNDEJ work unless you make him a slave. w, he ; f herteror at the very sound of the word abel!-
e- These two reasons-the impracticability of accom- prevailed at this caucus by a majority of not more The point of view in which I call your attention to tion; from the tenacity with which she now clings to south-
' polishing by law a measure of transcendent importance than one or two voles ; but it was universally under- these doctrines is their open and undisguised apostacy ern principles, though encumbered with a northern man,
a.n against the public opinion of four-fifths of the nation, stood that the pretensions of Mr. CALHOUN, then from the principles of the Declaration of Indepen- there is too mush reason to apprehend that she too will ab-
i.- and the injustice of enacting a law against the will of under forty years of age, were second only, to those dence. By Chancellor HARPER they are directly and jure the self-evident truths of the Declaration of Independ-
st those upon whom it is to bear, and at the will of others of MR. LoWNDES, and that one or the other of them explicitly attacked with a long argument from the old ence, and cast off her allegiance to the natural and inalien-
e. upon whom it is not to operate at all-have been, and must, beyond all question, be the next president of the Tory school, to prove them ,false, sophistical, or un- able rights of man.
rs will continue to be, decisive with me against any pro- United States. The Legislature of South Carolina, meaning." When this revolution of sentiment shall have been con-
ti. posal in Congress for the immediate abolition of slave- therefore, in 1821, nominated, four years in advance, In my last letter I showed you that all the authorities plated, when the whole South shall have been weaned from
0- ry in the District of Columbia. Either of them would, Mr, WILLIAM LOWNDES for president of the United now adduced as precedents of parliamentary practice the self-evident truths of theDeclaration of Independence,
ig it' alone, bring me to the same conclusion. States in 1825; and when, with plain common sense, to sustain the refusal of Congress to read or consider and re-converted to the faith that slavery is not only con-
th And indeed these have been among the reasons of he answered that that the presidency was a station petitions, were from a rule in the House of Commons formabl.io, but sanctioned by, the laws ,f Nature and of
of my anxious desire that your petitions, particularly for neither to be solicited nor refused, it was sounded and by which they refused to receive petitions against the Nature's God, then will be the time for separation from the
ry this measure, should not only be received by the resounded with trumpet tongue, as a prodigious exem. stamp act and the tea tax. We have now the British fanatics of the North, and for the organization of a Southern
m House tut deliberately considered ; referred to the plification of disinterestedness and patriotic self-devo- arguments of that day against the principles of the Confederacy, founded upon the principles of perpetual and
*e Committee for the District of Columbia, or to a select tion. Declaration of Independence new vamped and brought irdemable slavery,'adfortheaneai fT s and
is committee ; reported upon, and freey discussed by Mr. CALHOUN and his friends, however, were not forth to prove the lawfulness of slavery. TJie infer- of asmuch as can be conquered of Mexic o t he same.
)n the'House. I have believed, and still believe, that, satisfied with this nomination, and just at the close of ence from which is irresistible, that, in the view of t hae aroina arty cannot admit of a doubt And to the pur-
ot after such full and free discussion, any bill for the im. the same year, 1821, a Congressional counter-nomina- slaveholders themselves, the principles of the Declara- poses of this party, nothing would so effectively administer
ie mediate abolition of slavery in the District of Colum- tion of him was projected at Washington, but, after tion of Independence are as fatal to the institution of a the immediate abolition of slavery in the District af Co-
s- bia, should a committee even report such a bill, would deliberate consideration, postponed as premature. Mr. slavery as they were to the tyranny of Great Britain lumbia, if it could be noic effected.
r- be rejected in the House by a majority of at least four LOWNDES shortly afterwards died, and the Legislattre over the Colonies. Now, the people of all the primitive Now, earnestly as I desire that abolition, as soon as it can
1k to onA -A- I h16-,A hoped that, it not all, great multi. of South Carolina, always alert in the purpose of southern States were parties to the Declaration of In- possibly be effected with justice to the inhabitants of the
n tudes of you would, in the result of such a discussion, furnishing a president for the United States, delayed dependence, to the Revolutionary war, to the Constitu. District, and with safety to the peace and preservation of
become convinced that the time has not yet come not formally to nominate Mr. Calhoun. This nomina- ieon of the United States. Four delegates from the the Union, I am not prepared to stake my responsibility as
in when justice herself would be satisfied with the imme- tion was, indeed, not more successful than that of Mr. State of South Carolina, and seven from the State of a Representative of the people upon a measure which, for
i- diate abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia. LoWNDEs, but it gave way only for a third native of Virginia, pledged their lives, their fortunes, and their the immediate emancipation of five or six thousand slaves
in Your rights at 'least would thus be maintained invio- South Carolina, for whom a pledged ticket of electors sacred honor to the principles proclaimed in th, Daclar- but of three millions, would, as I believe it would, immi-
l1 late. I trust that a full consideration by yourselves was chosen by the Legislature of that State in No- ai ion, and to the perpetual union founded on those prin- gently hazard both The whole South and South-west, not
id of the injustice, under all possible circumstances, of vember, 1824, who accordingly voted for Gen. JAcKsoN ciples. To renounce those principles is virtually to only in Congress, btt in the nation, are united against it.-
legislation over a people against their will at the de- as president, and Mr. CALHOUN as vice president of withdraw from the Union, and it is my deliberate and Nothing less than the union of the whole North and North-
? mand of another people not subject to the law them- the United States. settled opinion that upon no other principles can this west, both in and out of Congress, could pssi
sete pno htuo oohrpicpe a hsplish it even in Congress. The Presidenthsgvnpeg
selves, would deter you from perseverance in a pursuit, The election of Mr. CALHOON as vice president Union be maintained. You have perhaps not been es in a e h bes
d your only motives for which are the dispensation of then succeeded, and, by a coalition of the Carolina aware of these palinodial recantation of the principles would interpose his veto against such a bill should it ever
s justicee to all. But should it prove otherwise, should party, under his auspices, with another southern, or of our Revolution, and are still less aware how exten- be Carried by majorities in both Houses of Congress To
Syou persist in petitioning from session to session for the old Virginia party, till then his most bitter oppo- sively they are prevailing-among the slaveholders of expect that majorities of two-thirds of both Houses now, r
3- the same boon, as in many of your petitions is declared nents, marching under the lead of Mr. Wm. H. CRAw- the South, but contemporaneous with them has been friany years to come would vote for this measure against
o to be your intention, the same respect, the same con- FORD, at the election of December, 1828, they seemed the assumption of a new and extraordinary attitude to. t Presidential negative, would be nothing short ofinsani-
!- sideration, and the same answer should, in my judg- to have attained the summit of their ambition, by wards the Union itself. It was under the influence of th. What, then, is the meaning of that immediate abolition
i- ment, be given to your petitions, so long as the same placing natives of South Carolina in both the offices of this new slave-bred and slave-breeding creed that the which the American Anti-Slavery Society has made thetest
h reaoas should be applicable to th~em. President and Vice President, with the distinct under- State of South Carolina arrayed herself in armor, of orthodoxy to their political church 1 A moral and physi-
e I had long indulged the hope that the abolition of standing that the succession to the highest station was formally undertook to nullity a law of Congress, and cal impossibility !
d slavery in this confederacy would be effected by the to be, after four, or, ait most, after eight year, in the bade defiance to the Government of the Union. Vir- l am not aware that any one of the petitions which were
e people of the several States in which it exists ; as has same line. ginia was not then quite ready to join her, but, with committed by you to my charge required the immediate ab-
actually been done in the States of New York and But now came the fable of the milkmaid's pail. very doubtful constitutional authority, sentan ambassa- volition of slavery in the District or the Territories ; but in
>[ Pennsylvania. Proposals for this most desirable con- Not one year of Gen. JACKSON'S administration had dor to negotiate with her, and afterwards assisted in the recent report of the Executive Committee of the Ameri
(9 summation have, at different times, been actually made passed away before Mr. CALHOUN found himself consummating that compromise, which, by the sacrifice can A. S. Society, I observe that the friends of free istitu-
Lt and discussed in the Legislatures of Maryland, Vir- involved in a personal controversy with the heroic of the American system, and of your interest, gave an tions are congratulated that the doctrine of immediate abe-
L ginia, and Kentucky, and the time has been when in chieftain, for having, some twelve years before, been equivalent for the retreat from nullification and the re. lition is now established on a basis from which it cannot be
e all those States a majority, or very nearly a majority, much inclined to punish him by a military tribunal for turn of South Carolina to the pale of the Union. dislodged, either by the malice of its enemies, or the un-
e of the people would have sanctioned the measure. his exploits in the Seminole war. The General had The remarkable feature of that compromise was that faithfulness of its friends. They considetheeyno
0 Within a very few years a petition from many hun- just made the discovery by the timely advices of sQme it was a transaction exclusively confined to the slave- this divine argument as placed in itsen heb
- dreds of the inhabitants' of the District of Columbia of Mr.'.CALneN'a, but recent associates in the holding portion of the Union, and to the slaveholding the parliamentary liberation of the sli
So b achievement of raising the two South Carolinian to representation in Congress. It was concocted between g Colonies.
ff lition of slavery there. The same spirit was then the two highest dignities of tihe Union. An explain- two Senators, one from South Carolina, and the other i to be considered as having solved this question upon a
powerful, both in Virginia and Maryland. In both tion and a rupture ensued. The vice presidency was from Kentucky, both slaveholders, both in violent op. .divin foundation, you will please to observe that an essen-
Sthose States it is now silentif not extinct. The~pirit no longer in the line of succession. Mr. CALHoUK position to the Executive Administration then also tial part of it is the payment of one hundred millions of del-
ft of slavery: has acquired not only an oeyerulring ascend- resigned the office, and came back a Senator from headed by a slaveholder, and was adopted by him, and lars to the owners f (hese emancipated slaves by way of
* ency, but has become at onoe intolerant, proacrfptive S outh Carolina, not only anhanti-tariffite-anatstrict swept through the House of" Representatives by a indemnity for the loss of their property, as it had been held
e and sophistical. It has crept into. the philosophical constructionist, but a nullifier, by South Carolina whirlwind, in glaring violation of that article of the tobe under the preceding laws, and as it is held to be by the
e chairs of the schools. Its cloven-foot; has ascended supremacy, of the laws of the Union ; a Whig, armed Constitution which provides that all bills for raising laws of our slaveholding States. This parliamentary eman-
1 the -pulpits of the churches. Professors of colleges at all points against executive power and patrohfiae, revenue shall originate m that House. It was strictly a cipation was evidently a compromise ; in my estimation, an
teach it us a lesson of morals.. Ministers of the gas- and a compromiser between the American system hd bargain of slaveholders ameng themselves, in whihhns n ooal opoie;btwaee fdvn
i pel seek and profebss to find sanctions *for it in the the separate sovereignty of South Carolina. r the industry and the interest of the free portion of the the Executive Committee of the Ame~iean Anti-Slavery
1Word of: God i In the meantime, the operation of slavery upon ie nation were neither consulted nor considered, but were Society perceive in the immediate emancipation of the Brit-
fcan, therefore, no longer flatter myself with the politics of this Union was assuming a new aspect, bound hand and foot, and laid prostrate at the feet o th poonaymlent I tho twnoty ilindesta!pondsthetealingnstdern-
*expectatioh that in'the short remnant 0f my life sla- Denmark Vesey's projected mutiny of a few slaveaat the peculiar institutions. h amn ftetet iloso onsseln om
Very will be abolished in the States of, Virginia and Charleston had some years before been smothered in But the ambition of the South Carolina party was demnify the owners of the slaves as Partakin any. share of
e Marylanid by their Legislatures, and with th~e consent blood. The Southampton insurrection in Virginsa, not yet satiated. The phantom of abolition was ad- thatdivne autho~ricty. tesniet o xctv
fc of the People of those States themselves ; and I have while illusrrating the happy state of contentment of venting upon them, and swelling to gigantic dimen- IfI unert nd orrfl the serca nti-Saents Socity the p Eeu iv
s never contemplated any other mode of abolition aa the condition of the slaves in the South, and th ir sins as she advanced. The people of Great Britain prommtte anplau the pAericanment-Saery prociety, sofatheya-l
desirable or as susceptible of receiving any counter,- affectionate gratitude for the kind treatment of th ir were piling petition upon petition to Parliament for the proeands appao thecparioamenbtarejct protes witou fandigntion,-
"ance fromn an American citizen, faithful to his country, masters, left upon the latter a deep impressio,, of teror abolition of slavery in the British Colonies, and Parlia. tends patof temanciption ptrejctenot without idgrntatione-
)and friendly to the continuance of the Union. So at the dangers always impending over their heaos, twsgaulyad eutnl iligt their parte of the Brition, anrequivaent whichthe ntssposs eessdr-
e long as the people of these two States shall be so de-. The debates in the Legislature of Virginia upon fce resistible flood of the tide. The sympathies of language, prietor. '
a cidedly averse to the general abolition of slavery, there proposition of Mr. TtOMAs JEFFERSON RANDOL.PH of sentiment, of opinion, and especially of freedom, For myself, fellow-citizens, I freely confess that, believ-


8 is very little ground -for hope that the people of, the for the gradual abolition of slavery upon the pln were crossing the Atlantic with every breeze, and ing as I do that freedom is a natural and inalienable right of
s District of Columbia will be favorable to it among them- recommended by his grandfather, in the memoir of Ws spreading over the congenial atmosphere of a sell man, and that, by the laws of Nature and of Nature's God,
I selves, life written by himself, were ooon followed by the whence they had been first exhaled. Slavery in the an immortal soul cannot be made a chattel, lam yet disin-
. That a change of sentiment on this subject will, in Dissertation upon Slavery by Professor DEw, of Wil- British Colonies-was abolished by t.Ve reformed Parlia- cloned to make of these opinions articles ofa religious creed
the course of time, take place both in the States and liam and Mary College, under the form of a review of' ment of an European Monarchy-abolished upon the with the intention to impose it upon others. If asked
- in the District, I still hope, though I have little reason those debates. very principles of our own Declaration of Independence whether I consider it a sin to hold a fellow-creature m bond-
f to anticipate that it will happen in my time. This work forms a new era in the history, of the -abolished, because irrefragably, irreconcilably con- age for life, I might answer that it would be so in me ; but
The danger which I believe at this time most immi- United States, and of North American polities and trary to the natural rights of mankind. I am not commissioned to denounce the judgment of God
nently threatens the Union arises from the struggle of morals. It is the clearest and most striking illustration What could the slaveholder do with his own chalice upon those ryo difearn orpn aeny tr 1
the States in which slavery has taken too deep root to of the essential and immedicable nature of slavery returned to his own lips ? He started back in horror romn my Mavery q h. injunction "Judg _
be peaceably eradicated, to preserve, extend, and per- ever exhibited. It is worthy of having been devised from the draught, and turning round called with im- judged, and from more than one of his Apostlesthe question
petuate that peculiar institution. The principle as- by the tortured spirits of Milton's Pandemonium. It ploring voice upon Sepulveda, and Hobbes, and Sir Whoart thou that judgest another man's servant, or ann-"
sumed and so earnestly maintained by them, that is the offspring of Despair, bidding defiance to the God Robert Filmer, and Dr. Johnson, and Soame Jenyns, their ? The days of denouncing prophecy are past,; and
neither the people of the free States nor Congress of Heaven, for a doctrine of despotism-fora sneer upon the self- when I see that Elavery has been permitted by Almighty 1
have any right to interfere in any manner with their It begins by abjuring the self-evident truths of the evident truth that all men are born free and equal-for God to exist from the earliest periods of history, Sacred or
institutions, 'i not sufficient to serve their turn. 'hey Declaration of Independence, and with them the a cavil upon the avermenit that life, liberty, and the profane, down to'the present day, though I look forward
are continually summoning the free States to sacrifice elementary truths of the Christian dispensation-the pursuit of happiness are among their inalienable rights with earnest hope and intense desire to the day when it will
their own principles, to sustain the institution of slave. natural equality of mankind. It maintains that the -for a ludicrous distortion o4 the learned Doctor's be banished from my country and from the world, I have no i
ry. We have seen: them call importunately upon the African is a different and inferior race to the white parallel between free men and fat oxen-for a physio, vocation for the exercise of force, or constraint, or injustice, t
free States for penal laws to punish their own citizens European, and born and destined by Nature to live, in logical treatise to prove ,' that the negro race from even for the liberation of the slave. .
for ,harboring or performing the offices of common hu. subjection under him. You will perceive that this their temperament and capacity, are peculiarly suited If the abolition of slavery is ever to be effected mn this (
rinanity to fugitive slaves. We have witnessed a ne. position, laid as the basis of an argument to sustain to be slaves, and to be the happipst of men in that con- country, it must be either by force, that ls, by acivil and (
gotiation of seven years, claiming from a foreign gov- the. institution of slavery, denies to the colored man edition ." for proofs from Holy Writ that neegroes are of. serve waror y the c o of wners e aves. ]
ernment indemnity for slaves liberated by shipwreck, the possession of an immortal soul. This must, indeed 1. the accursed race of Ham, doomed to be slaves to the All.the abohltonlsts, and all the ansavery s
beyond the jurisdiction of the slave state itself, and necessarily and unavoidably be the foundation of eve end of time; that Abraham had slaves, and that employmentnof foreanPdcomplan iwtl
encroaching upon the free jurisdiction of the foreign theory to justify slavery. For if Joseph himself was a slave under the old covenant, s ei.p.tatonofanrsuchdesignto thm__
State.' We have seen the sacred protection of the "The soul, secure in its existence, smiles and Onesimus a slave under the new 'ust as Sepulveda diate emancipating, therefore, is in their
post office violated with impunity, and with the avow- At the drawn dagger, and defies its point," conclusively argued against Las Casas, that the fected, with the consent of the masters, and without indem- t
ed connivance of the officer at the head of the depart- the soue of one man can never be made the property f Spaniards had an unquestionable right to exterminate nity to them. In what page of the volume of human nature
ment,-to whom was committed.the-trust of that pro- another. It is the soul that constitutes the man ; aid the Indians, because God commanded the children of they found the recipe for this balsam to the sore of slavery,
tection. And we have read resolutions of a slave state by the laws of Nature and of Nature's God, you car. Israel to exterminate the idolatrous nations of Canaan. or in what cell in the imagination it was devised, I know not.
Legislature threatening vengeance against a sister not make a human being your slave without depriving All this, as Chancellor Harper candidly admits, is FRANKLIN, it is said, made the discovery that an effusion of i
State sh d ss r g d r up i, ad d n hi toi sufficiently common-place ; but, says he, we are some- oil will smooth the mountain waves of a stormy sea ; but
State should she prsist, in refusing to deliver u? him of~i-s immortal soul, and degrading him to the is"" e a taerdt aetee neto
for merciless punishment, not a fugitive slave, but level of the grazing ox. The teacher of the nev times driven to common-place. Yes, from the Declara- no philosopher has yet appeared to make p
one of her own citizens charged, without proof, school of William and Mary and his followers tell t tion of Independence, you ctlnot start one step with- pouring it into the summit of a smoking craterto ngs
with conniving at a, slave's escape. The demand that this has been done already ; that God--yes, the/ out being driven to common-place; to the common- the volcano within. .
plac ofhememoialcyranyt; ofthncomon-paae With the most sincere belef n te i ertelm ior]e
for the, enactment of penal laws in the free States, use the name -of God!---has 'made two varieties of tB, pl ce of immemorial tyranny ; to the common-place W.th t .ost ,gr o m
to rivet the chains of the slav,W has not always human race--one to be masters, and the other to It divine right of Kings; to the commonplace logic and yons, and wire reverence for te nenevoence and pum.y oi
been unsuccessful. The Legislaturoe f the Sta of slaves-one to loll upon down and dreamofmoral ph, morality of the jesuits; to the common-place thumb- .... "t"e"'-- etemanci patnon-ofthe..!
..Ohio, at their very last session, at the demand Iof the losophy the other to be beasts of burden to pamper rarlthis cmmndfggotfires of the holy quision.dT try, with the consent of their masters, wi
Legisl.ture : ofKe ntuck y, e acte .alaw;frothe de- the idle and worthless existence of their masters .. all w i.-pace ms be drivet whoever sneer- a thoutthe use of force, a practicable
ery up' 00persons claimed as fugitive slaves by he pass over the revolting character of this first principle: takes to justify the institution g slavery by decrying suc cs oal suasion upon th] mind of ,he
ai ofa sigl? magistrte and denying to the arrest- its irreconcilable opposition to the vital principle (f the principles of the Declaration~f Independence. slaveholdei hitherto has been encouraging to your hopes or ,


MR. ADAMS'S SECOND LETTER.
(Continued from first page.)
I will not undertake dogmatically to affirm that col
nies of civilized colored men cannot be established aT
made to flourish on the coast of Africa ; nor am I pr
pared to advance to deny the influence which they mf
hereafter be destined (.) exercise in civilizing the nati
land of slavery itself. So far as these may be the o
jects of the Colonization Societies,. they have my tfe
vent goodw ,ishes,., though -very little of iny hope
But foirthe enanaipaiioii pf-aSltves .or the abolitipa
slavery jio tbe United States, the search forlthe phil
gopher's stone, or the casting of nativities by tf
course 6f the'stars, 'were rational and sensible amusi
meats in comparison with the serious undertakings
the Colonization Society.
With a high and sincere respect for many of th
leading members of that Society, a grave objection I
wjich it has in my mind been always liable is that
wearing a double face. Consisting of' distinguish
citizens from the free and from the slaveholding State
it is commended to the patronage of the North an
of the South upon totally different and indeed opposil
principles.. At the North it has been and is strictly a
abolition society. The removal'to Africa ot emanc
pated slaves~is the argument in the North t6 the hit
inanity of the benevolent and liberality of the rici
To remove from the plantation slave the dangerous an
disaffected neighborhood of the free colored man is th
favorite argument for colonization at the South. Thei
is in this an' appearance of duplicity, the more unfavo
ably prepossesoing candid minds, inasmuch as exper
ence hitherto countenances the conclusion that th
southern foresight had more of worldly wisdom on th
,occasion than that of the North.
Other and recent circumstances, little noticed hithe
to by the public, have raised new questions with rE
gard to the undertakings of the--Colonization Societie
which, without attaching undue importance to then
have bearings of Very serious aspect upon the prince
pies of our own government. In the course ofthe laf
year the American Colonization, Sopiety hasbeen r(
instituted under a :new organization, and its Idirectoi
have undertaken, by self-assumed authority, to const
tute a Republic of Liberia an,& to confer uponl the pe<
pie of that Republic the sovereign powers of declarin
war, concluding peace",and 'i'gu'liting commerce, wit
legislative, executive, .and judicial: departments (
Government, all subject to the, absolute and arbitrary
control of the Directors of the A!merican QolOnizatio
Society. And will you believe that when, during th
late session of Congress, I was about to expose thi
enormous assumption of power by a private association
of American citizens,, I was ,called to order, and nc
permitted to proceed, by the arbitrary interdioit of th
Chair, because, forsooth, it wasnot ,relevant to the queas
tion whether the Re'public of Hayti should be, recog
nised as an indepefident State ? A, sovereign, blac
Republic of Liberia) under t-heqproiection anm contrn
of the American :.Colonization Society! Mr. Va
Buren has been severeJy censured fordenoun sing, i
his last annual Message to Congress,, the antii"epubli
can tendencis of associated wealth. If the imputatio
of anti-repulpfian tendencies had been extended to ai
partial associations,i it would have been more just an
less exceptionable., ;;
For what is the Republic itself but associated wealth
The very name of, Republic is compounded of two Lat
in words, RES PUBLICA; signifying -the, associate
wealth of the people; and the word Commonweath i
but the literal! Anglo-Saxon version of the same ele
ments.. Thep.Republic, the Commonwealth, and asso
elated wealth, are terms precisely synonymous and t
charge associated wealth with anti.republican -enden
cies is to say that the Republic itself is ant.i.-epubli
can. The v-ery derivation of this compound weod, hot)
in the Latin and Englishlanguages, proves t iat th4
institution of civil sbie-y i` identical with associate(
wealth, a itJgr'eat purposes are to protect and !secure
the rights of property as" wll as ofipersons. ,
But as the Republicitself is one great comm nity o
associated.wealth, it may be snid with strict propriety
and all experience will confirm the observation, tha
anti-republican tendencie are- incidental to all'partia
associations for the promotion of objects other than th(
good of all. The tendenc~eaof associated wealth art
therefore not more-antirepub~ican, perhaps ;not s(
much so, as those of aosociated poverty. The Onti-re.
publican tendency consists not in-the wealth ior th<
poverty of the parties, but ifl the principle of alssocia
ted power, arnd ilethe .purpoae; o the association. I
Hihad been p5roposed to 'the 'Pesident of^ the Unite<
States to introduce int0 his annual message a note o
censure upon, t~he anti-republican tendencies of
Trades' Uaiorehe' would haye perceived instantly th<
in vidtous complexion wlich it :would have given ito th<
message. But if anti-repubiican ^,tendencies j wen
manifested by self-con tittd, associated power, te]
me when andi where it VRas, if not in ^he undertakings
of. the ,American Colonization. Society to constitute a
sovereign aegro; Repubic; ini Africa ;
T us far,,Ahcn I concur in .the sentiment of Mr
Van Buren, that all parttal :associations, organized to
action /o- influence the ourae fte. Government, have
c~ertiain: anti-republican te'deri~ipes, : which require a
watchful erye and a resolute purpose in the guardians
of. the, public inrtereflts to kieep them under contirol.--
And; of all tlhe combinations of associate wealth ;exist.
i ng in this U~tmbon hat ,whieh isthe roosts formidable to
the union itself and to: all its free institutions, is Mi(e
associated wealth cftusistihff of three .millions of hunran


beings, forming a capital estimated at twelve hundred
millions of dollars. Of the anti-republican'tendencies
of t#44 associated wftlth.there can be no doubt, and a
President of the United States ",nxiousl' desirdus to
signalizee his,administhatiqkp by unompromising hostil-
ity, qoi-rpublican tendencies may findample occu-
patin f6, his patriotiim in rneisist ing the usurpations o0
thatt same associated wealth, instead of a pigmy war-
fare with the anti.republican tendencies ofi changene
brokoir', insurance companies, and cotton factories.
FIconsider the assumption of p6wer by the American
Colonization Society, In copstitutiag the sovereign
Rep4bli~cbof Lieb ia as 0one of those Usurpations of that
a tedwealth by whioh andfor whose purposes the
Society was instituted. The' world I has "seen with as.
tonishmjnex an E.glish East India Compaby exercising
sov ereign authority and dor0inion 6ver,infllions df the
people of Asia, but the En&lislk East India Cdmpany
have ;sever constituted sovereign Republics. -" The
A~eri~an Colonization ,ity, without even a Char-
ter om, nCongress, confrs upon a few hundred ne.
groes on the coast of Africa the power of making war
an4placea I f regulating'commerce, and of doing what-
ever,:sovereign4 and independent States may of right
do, but all subject to the. eptrol ofthis American pri.
vate, association* n,.If he people are-fhe source (if' all
awful Goveram nt, howlcan private ` ciety in these
United States bestowp eiGoverninent upon the Repub-
lic Lflsderia, in another quarter, of the globe. If the
"Repihfic of Libe'ra is ai'oVer in State, invested with
the ippw~r of making: war and peaee, how can they be
subject -o the direction and controlof, a self-constituted
copny of :North, Americans 1 ,All the theories of
the~rights 6f, maitpen which ouirpohltical institutions
are founded, all the republi.a princilles jfciii'hiberty
and .fa9lfgov6ramett, are discairdefdtiri-o set at enough
by this colonial Republic of Liberia, '
The whole undertaking of the ,Colonization Society
to establish colonies of free negrpoes o qlithe coast of
Africa, to disburden th](8c64itn66t fronmthe load of its
colored'population,$"has, frrom its first idception, appear-
ed to me a visionary ,-*utv wrl impracwcable thobgh
benevolent prn'ojeot.1 Sri)& in _gmng 0to you, friends,
and fellowqitiwrns-thie,,asoBa upon 4hich I have4de.


ed that Congress would propose an amendnmfct to the Con-
stitution of the United States, for the ref. l to admit any
new slave State into the Union. The petittf "idid n)t speci-
fy the mode of amendment desired, but I hae loI b .en of
opinion, that if the object is ever to be attained pi ve.bly,
and with the consent of the slaveholders, o which ihav
but a very faint hope, it must be by that proce fc and nINT
will be accomplished by any other; and I took th -occasion,
when asking leave of the House to present the petil .'i, to in-
clude in the request the permission also to present llree re.
solutions of amendment to the Constitution : 1. Providing
that after a given day, that all children born within the
United States should be born free. 2. That, with the ex-
ception of Florida, no State, the Constitution of which would
sanction the institution of slavery, should ever be admitted
into the Union ; and 3d. That after a given day there should
be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, unless in punish-
ment for crime, at the seat of Government of the Union.-
The House refused me the permission to present either the
petition or the resolutions. The petition was afterwards ad-
mitted, with many hundreds more, to the Clerk's table, by
the general order of the House of the 18th of February, but
the resolutions were never received ; and, if they had been,
must have been laid on the table by tne by the gag resolu-
tion of the 12th of December, 1838.
I have not been surprised to find in the Emancipator a
notice that my resolutions were not satisfactory'to the peti-
tioners at whose suggestion I had prepared them for presen-
tation. They are in no wise and not in the remotest degree
responsible for them. I had no expectation that my reso-
lutions would be received by the House. I knew they
would not be' discussed. I presented them rather- to the
petitioners, as comprising the only mode in which I believe
the abolition of slavery could possibly be effected without
violence and without injustice.
I lament the temper mutually rankling between the slave-
holders and the abolitionists, and am convinced that, so long
as it exists in this Union, or even in the District of Colum-
bia, is as far beyond the regions of possibility, as any pro-
ject of the philosophers of Laputa. The multiplication of
Anti-Slavery societies within the last three years has appear-
ed to me rather to weaken than to promote their cause, or
at ,least, their prospects of immediate or early success.
With the increase of their numbers, new and collateral
questions, always controvertible and perplexing, like para-
site suckers from the main stem of the tree, have sprung up
to divide their counsels, and introduce dissention among
themselves. The captious disputations of moral and politi-
cal casuistry, about non resistance, defensive war, the rights
of women, political action, no Government, the social
condition of the colored race, the encouragement given to
the slaves to escape from their masters, and exaggerated
representations of the miseries of their condition, have
eminentfy concurred not only to counteract their influence
upon the main object of their association, but tomake them
unpopular and even bdious, not only in the South, but in all
parts of the Union. Their annoyance of candidates for
popular election, by putting searching questions to them as
tests, importing at once a promise and a threat, has not pro-
pitiated to them the good-will of any party, and has
made them obnoxious to all. The purity of the principle
of these formal interrogatories, for answers to be followed
by suffrages, is very questionable, with reference to the
freedom of elections. The expedient itself has seldom if
ever been successful to accomplish its object. It has in
almost every instance disclosed the weakness of the aboli-
tionists as a party, distinct from the great political competi-
tors for the favor and the power of the people.
My objections to the immediate abolition of slavery in the
Territory of Florida are the same with those which I have
here set forth against the same measure in the District of
Columbia, with the addition that the conditions upon which
theTerritory was ceded to the United States by Spain
formally stipulate for its admission into the Union on the
same terms as are secured to the primitive citizens of the
United States. To impose a new condition now upon the
inhabitants, as a sine qua non, of admission to the Union
as a state, would be in my judgment a breach of faith. I
voted against the admission of the State of Arkansas,
because her Constitution expressly denied to her Legislature
the power of emancipating slaves. Should the Constitu-"
tion of Florida contain the same provision, I should vote in
the same manner; but the faith of the nation is already
pledged to the admission of Florida on the same terms
upon which other southern States have been admitted ; and
we have no right now to require more of her than has been
required of them.
The petitions against the admission of any State hereafter,
the Constitution of w ich shall tolerate slavery, were not
susceptible of an affirmative answer. A negative resolution
to that effect would have no binding force, even if adopted
by both Houses of Congress ; for they cannot circumscribe
the powers of their successors. But, with the exception of
Florida, I never would consent to the admission of any new
slave State.
I have now fully and freely exposed to y fellow-citi-
zens, my views with regard to the multitude of petitions
which you have committed to my charge. The opinion of
the civilized world has been for ages maturing into a settled
conviction that slavery, in any of its forms,, is a sin And a
reproach to any people. More than three thousand years
ago the debasement cf the human character, by its operation
upon the slave himself, was noticed by the greatest of Poits,
who says, that the day which makes man a slave takes away
half his worth. Its degrading and corrupting influence tppn
the heart and mind of the masters is h-ot less phfilosopliically
true. The new theory which attempts to convert slaveryin-
to a blessing, and slaveholding into a virtue, is, in my delib-
erate j judgment, a more lamentable debasemeht of the human
soul than the mere endurance of servitude can effect. It
places the animal man below the level of the brute creation.
[t surrenders his soul to the dominion of his vilest passions,
belies the Divine revelation of a God of mercy, and insult
the throne of Omnipotence. It reduces the natural relation
between man and man exclusively to the standard o phyai-
cal force, and makes tyranny and oppression, inflicted by the
strong, and suffered by the weak, to comprise the whole duty
of man.
This system bears the same relation to that of the Decla-


ration of Independence as idol worship to the worship of the
true God. The substitution of its creed for that of the na-
tural rights of man would bring him back to the alternative
of the worship of Moloch and Mammon,
And devils to adore for deities."
Should this system become the prevailing doctrine of the
South, it is impossible that this Union should long continue.
As its avowed basis rests exclusively upon physical force, to
physical force it will resort not only to sustain its own insti-
tutions, but to encroach upon the institutions of freedom
elsewhere. This disposition is already manifested in many
ways, in the brutal treatment experienced by citizens of the
free States, if but suspected of favoring abolition in the slave-
holding jurisdictions-in the insolent demands upon the free
States to deliver up their citizens for alleged offense
against the slave laws-in the conspiring of American
slaveholders in a foreign land against the life of one of the
great champions of human'" liberty-in the ruffian "'threats
of assassination, addressed to members of Congress
for daring to present your petitions-in the surrender of the
post office to lynching law-in the murder ofLovejoy-in
the burning of the Pennsylvania hall-in Southern commer-
cial conventions to force the natural channels of trade f.esa _
North to South-in Southern railways and banking com-
panies combined to link the Mammon of the West'with the
Moloch of the South, and in the strains of 'commendation
upon the land-robbing practices of the Anglo Saxons, a.d
their virtuous abhorrence of custom-houses, embellished by
their blackleg reverence and punctuality for their debts of
honor. s ,
Fellow-citizens, when I witness scenes like these tramsact
ed in the face of day; when I bear principles like these is-
suing from the professor's chair, from the chancellor's bench".
from the diplomatic saloon, and from the land jobber's gam-
ing and dinner table, all in frightful harmony with one ano-
ther, I hang my head in despondency at the prospects. of
the rights of man, for the short remnant of my days, through-
out this Union, and even in the District of Columba. 119t
do I not despair for the cause of human freedom. I beliefs.
the cause which its votaries are now called to defend, and
which they may yet hope to defend and to vindicate, fe that
of our free institutions against the daring efncroactmeatsf
slavery upon them. It is for them that you Wjll hvOe ulti-.
mately to stand to your arms; and it is for them that i
would gladly now see you buckle on your armor. I'deeire
not to interfere with the institultions of slaverv y r ibr -they'