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New-York American
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Title: New-York American
Uniform Title: New-York American (New York, N.Y. 1821)
Alternate title: New York American
Physical Description: v. : ; 52 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: New York N.Y
Creation Date: February 2, 1837
Publication Date: 1821-1845
Frequency: daily (except sunday)
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Edition: Daily ed..
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- New York (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- New York County (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- New York -- New York
Coordinates: 40.716667 x -74 ( Place of Publication )
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Additional Physical Form: Available on microfilm from the Library of Congress Photoduplication Service, New York Public Library, and Center for Research Libraries.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 2, no. 467 (Sept. 10, 1821)-(Feb. 15,1845).
General Note: Publisher: J.M. Elliot, <1822>.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
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Resource Identifier: oclc - 09304809
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 Related Items
Related Items: New-York American, for the country
Related Items: New-York American (New York, N.Y. : 1832)
Preceded by: American (New York, N.Y. : 1819)
Succeeded by: Morning courier and New-York enquirer

Full Text





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VOLe XVIII. NO. 5713.


oFFICE, 74 CVDAR IT., NEAR BROADWAY. THURSDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 2, 137.
_ 1 1 i l I I l 1 II I I I_ Ip I II I T 1


[Frm the JArny and Navy Chronicle of Dec. 1.]
The Exploring Expedition.
S Official Correspondence connected with the South-
ern Exploring Expedition; with Comments
/ upon the same. By Lieut. A. SLIDELL, U.* S.
Navy.
SThe circumstances under which the following
S correspondence originated are briefly as follows:
In returning from England more than a year ago,I
.. had occasion to make a somewhat detailed reportto
the Secretary of the Navy, on such matters of a
/ professional nature as had fallen under my obser
va nation while in that country; having been officially
( instructed so to do by the predecessor of the pre-
sent Secretary. On receiving this communication,
the Secretary of the Navy was pleased to thank
me for it, and to express a favotble opinion of its
importance. Out of this circumstance, and the
Secretary's desire to receive more minute explana-
tions on the subject of a steam vessel of war which
I had described in my original communication,
grew a, semi-official correspondence, which extend-
ed to two or three letters, in the last of which,
dated May 26, 1835, the Secretary did me the
honor to consult me concerning the exploring expe-
dition, the act for authorizing which was on the
eve of becoming a law. The Secretary's motive
forconsulting memay have been that in my recent
visit to the dock yards of the naval power which
has taken lead in expeditions of this nature, I
might have made observations suited to throw light
on the subject. Though, as it happened, nothing
of the sort had fallen undermy observation, I hast-
ened to consult a number of intelligent officers and
builders, and sent the Secretary the result of their
opinions as to the construction and equipment of the
vessels to be employed. I thought that this infor-
mation might pass for what it was worth, and if it
were of no advantage, would at any rate do no in-
jury. I was very far from foreseeing at the time,
that the Secretary's thus consulting me, and my
replying to him, would subject both him and me to
the suspicion and jealousy of a commander of the
expedition to be subsequently appointed. As the
Secretary's letter seemed to point to my taking
service in the expedition, I also expressed my rea-
diness to embark in an enterprise which held out
the prospect of honorable adventure, and took the
liberty of stating that I should feel honored by be-
ing appointed to the command of one of the brigs,
of which the act of Congress authorized the con-
struction. The Secretary replied to my letter on
the 23d June, and acquiesced in the reasonableness
of what 1 had asked tor.
Some time subsequently to this communication,
Captain T. Ap Catesby Jones was appointed to the
command-in-chief of the expedition. It has been
sometimesthough not always, the case in our Navy,
that a commander has been permitted to select the
first lieutenant of his owu ship. Captain Jones not
only laid claim to this right, but also assumed to
himself the authority to name the commanders of
the smaller vessels, and to exclude every officer that
hlie thought proper from any service in this national
enterprise: an authority unjust in itself and wholly
unknown to the history and usage of the service.
Whether from an ignorance of Captain Jones' pro-
fessioialI character, from the very small number of
officers who have ever been associated with him on
duty, a want of confidence in his claim to those sea-
Smanlike attainments which can only be acquired
by active employment at sea, or a just indignation
at the agency attributed to him in the Navy in de-
feating the bill for its reorganization, introduced in-
\ to the Senate by Mr. Southard, by means of opin-
ions conceived, as was supposed, in the spirit of his
own interests, as an aspirer to the honors of a flag,
S and in opposition to the general interest of hlis
S corps, which he stands charged with having ex-
S resteded to Senator Buchanan, of Pennsylvania, it
\ .-o happened that few officers were- willing to take
"\ .part in this enterprise, so well suited to tempt the
1 best atiritu of the service. Among the few who
-e no wre ufrbtomnbark in this expedition, under
he disadvantages of aninexperienced and unpopu-
lar commander, was myself; and having received
from the Secretary of the Navy the promise of an
appointment, I was anxious still to abide by it. To
my astonishment I was soon after told that Capt.
Jones objected to my appointment. The real
grounds of his objections I am at loss to discover,
having never personally known him, or had either
the inclination or opportunity to offend him; his al-
leged grounds will be found in the following corre-
spondence.

"WASHINGTON, Aug. 22, 1836.
Sin: I beg leave most respectfully to request
that you will reconsider the decision which I under-
stood you to say on Saturday last, you had come to,
in relation to commanders for the smaller vessels,
preparing for the South Sea surveying and explor-
ing expedition.
"Two of the commanders named by you on that
occasion, Lieutenants Slidell and Wilkes, are un-
questionably gentlemen of high a~tainments of a
peculiar nature, but that they are superior or even
equal as commanders to many of the one hundred
an.i two lieutenants who stand above them on the
Register, I imagine will not be admitted by any
officer of the navy: and I am sure that no Captain,
called to the command to which I have been as-
signed. would, if untrammeled in his selection, ever
have thought of naming either of the above officers
as commanders.
"I; is painful in the extreme to me, to be found
in conflict with the honorable Secretary of the Na-
vy upon any point of professional duty, nor would
it be so in any ordinary naval op rations. But
called as I have been, (without solicitation or any


agency whatever on my part) to assume a most re-
sponsible command, of the most delicate and intri-
cate nature, it never crossed my mind that a ques-
tion could arise in the selections to made from those
of theJNavy who were to accompany me on the ex-
pedition, much less could I suppose that interior and
junior officers to whom I had positive objections
would be forced upon me. I now most respectful-
ly repeat what I said in conversation on Saturday,
that my objections to either of the above named
officers having command under me in the exploring
expedition are insuperable, nor should I be willing
to have Lieut. Slidell in any other situation: to
Lieutenant Wilkes, I have always looked as the
person to be placed in charge of the instruments.and
at the head of the surveying party, and while he iS
considered in reference to those highly re ponsible
duties, it must be manifest to every one, that he
cannot be thought of as commander, or forany other
performance of regular duty.
S"I therefore renew my application for the ap-
- pointment of the officers named in my letter of the
17th instant-and
"I have the honor to be, with profound respect,
your obedient servant,
THOMAS AP CATESBy JONZS,
O" *nmmn dptr*r-l n*>* f th1-* A TlVrned/I 1f I f Y


ed to be very competent to the task to be assign-
ed to him, and there are thirty-one captains on
he Register above yourself, and yet this circum-
stance has not operated against your selection as
command r of this expedition.
"As you seem to have a peculiar objection to
Lieutenant Slidell, it is not proposed to send him
n your ship; but you object to him not only ,as
the commander ot one of the vessels, but also ob-
ject to having him in any theirr situation in the ex.
pediiion, I
"That you should thus seek to exclude an officer
whose services a-re considered of the highest import-
ance to the expedition, whose scientific and literary
attainments give him an elevated station in the ser-
vice, and whose honor and character are unques-
tione ,, is in my opinion unjust to the individual and
detrimentall to the service. 1 see no reason to
change my opinion as to the propriety of detailing
those officers for commands in the smaller vessels,
unless you exhibit some evidence of their want of
capacity for such commands, or want of integrity
and honor, that should deprive them of the confi-
dence of the President. I am respectfully yours,
M. DICKERSON.
Commodore THOMAS Ar C. JONES.
Commander of the Exploring Expedition,
Washington, D. C."

"NEAR PROSPECT HILL, Virginia,
September 2, 1836.
"Sir : Your letter of the 31st ultimo, 1 have had
the honor to receive, and I regret the necessity it
imposes on me of vindicating myself against what I
am sure upon further reflection y >a will find that I
am not obnoxious to.
In the first place I would respectfully remark that
the inferences which you have drawn from my ac-
knowledgments of peculiar merit in certain officers
are very different from what I intended to express,
and from what I believe my letter of the 22d of
August fairly imports. I never before supposed
that to accord lpre.eminence in one branch ot sci-
ence, was doing injustice to an individual because
he was equalled or surpassed by others in another
branch, or in some professional attainments; would
it have been any disparagement to Washington to
have said that Marshall was a better jurist, or to
Wellington to say that Nelson was a better Admi-
ral, cr to Franklin to have said that Rush was a
better physician ? I believe not, yet all of those
highly gifted persons were 'unquestionably gentle-
men of high attainments of a peculiar nature,' and
each one peculiarly qualified forjthe stations they
respectively filled.
"After quoting from my letter, you say I find
on consulting some of the old captains that they differ
from you in opinion and Ithink you do those officers,'
(Slidell and Wilkes I suppose) 'injustice !." That I
differ from some of the old captains on more sub-
jacts than one is very true. There are however
some of them whose opinions have great weight
with me, but in choosing officers to second me on
such service as the exploring expedition, I should
not be willing to be governed by the opinions of
such captains, although at the same time I might
not reject the officers that those very captains would
choose as their own seconds on like service, were
they in fact left untrammeled to make their selec-
tions. Mr. Jefferson justly remarks that to form a
correct opinion of the actions of' others, we must
be placed under circumstances as nearly similar as
possible to those in which the person acted, whose
conduct and motives we undertake to scan : this most
just rule is strictly applicable in the present case,
and I hope all Nho undertake to judge of, orfor me,
will bear it full in mind.
"Again you say, that you (meaning myself)
should thus ask to exclude an officer whose services
are considered of the highest importance to the ex-
pedition, whose scientific and literary attainments
give him an elevated station in the service, and
whose honor and character are unquestioned, is in
my opinion unjust to the individual, and detrimen-
tal to the service.'
"Now-let Bs rpse-t-htstbject by antaotgy a lit-
tle further: When a high public functionary calls
around him gentlemen ot talents and distinction to
assist him in the affairs of state, does he do violence
to the rights of society ? or does hlie in any degree
disparage the merits or reputation of any who are
not chosen ? Certainly not. Neither then can a cap-
tain in the navy, who may be detailed for some pe-
culiar service, with the privilege of choosing his as-
sociates, do injustice to any junior officer by select-
ing seniors of equal, at least, if not superior qualifi-
cations.
,"' Of those you prm-efer (that is I prefer) to Lieu-
tenant Slidell and Lieutenant Wilkes one you say
stands on the register above Lieutenants Sildell and
Wilkes, but far from the head of the list; the other
stands lower.' Here I imagine is some mistake, for
by consulting the official naval register for the pre-
sent year I find Josiah Tattnall stands number 32 on
the list of Lieutenants, Charles H. Bell 45 Thomas
Aloysius Dornin number 77, and A. B. Pinkham
number 103; and these are the four officers I have
asked for as commanders of the three smaller vessels
and the store ship; and by the same offieialregister it
will be seen that Lt. Slidell's position on the list is
one hundred and seven irom the head whilst that of
Wilkes is one hundred and eighteen -and these are
the officers that I am required to take in place of
Tatnill and Bell.* the former having'been eighteen
years as Lieutenant, the latter sixteen, whilst Siidell
and Wiikes are Lieutenants of ten or eleven years
date only, and of that time the two last mentioned
have been but comparatively little in the way of ac-
quiring practical knowledge in the line of their pro-
fession at sea!
"Having thus, sit', as I fondly hope, proved my-
self innoxious of the charge of doing injustice" to
Lieutenants Slidell and Wilkes because I have asked


for their seniors in whose abilities as practical seamen
and fitness for command I have greater confideace, I
will now as briefly as I can, state my particularand
cogent objection toLieut. Slidell's occupying a sta-
tion in the south sea surveying and'exploring ex-
pedition, if I am to command it.
"You, sir, will doubtless recollect that about the
time, at which the bill authorizing the south sea
expedition became a law, I was one morning in
your office urging my claim to the Pacific Squad-
-oni, which had just been assigned to Capt. Bal-
lard ; on that occasion, among other reasons as-
signed by you for not giving me the command I had
some claim to, you said that you wanted to keep
me near you to consult with and assist in planning
the contemplated voyage to the south sea, or word
to that effect. Judge then sir, what mry surprise must
have been when I heard from yourself, confirma-
tion-of what.-hadpreviously reached me as a rumor,
that Slidell, and at. least another person in New
York had been consulted by letter, andItheir views
asked for, whilst all was silence towards me I Now
sir, I beg to be most distinctly understood, that ]
do not mean in the most remote degree to call ir
question the honorable Secretary of the Navy's en-
tire right to seek information, from any. and fron


refer you to the history of past ages to show the
baneful effects of rivalry in commanders who ought
to act in perfect harmony and strict concert; the
history of our late war, and the still more recent
events of the Florida and Seminole campaigns, af-
ford lessons which it may be well lbr us to treasure
up.
"If Belles-lettres attainments a re paramount to
all other qualifications in commanders for the explo-
ring expedition, why not draw from the nation's
best resources in that line ? Why pass by Irving,
Cooper, Paulding, Stewart, &c. &c. &c. ; they art
all more celebrated as authors than Mr. Slidell can
possibly be at this time, and one of them at least
has actually seen more sea service than either Sli-
dell or Wilkes; sup, added to which the same one
possesses unrivalled qualifications for having re-
sided nimany years among the South Sea Islanders,
and being familiar with their language, their man-
ners and their customs; the selection then of any
of the above named, unquestionably gentlemen of
high attainments of a peculiar nature, to comnmanti
the smaller vessels of the expedition, would in my
opinion be less at variance with the rights of the
navy, than would be the appointment of junior of-
ficers on account of their literary fame, over the
heads of their seniors of undoubted long and well
proved professional skill.
"To Lieutenant Wilkes, as I have stated on all
occasions, I have ever looked as the officer proper
to place in charge olf the astronomical and other
instruments, and to be at the head of the survey-
ing party, the station most appropiared for him, aind
where alone his mathematical and scientific attain-
m :nts can be at all available; to placahim in com-
mand of one of the smaller vessels would at once
deprive the expedition of his useful knowledge, for
the principal instruments on board of the largest
ship, and of course under my immediate command
and personal direction. This arrangement is indis-
pensably necessary, for the vessels will often be se-
parated ; sometimes by accident, and sometimes by
design, in either case the work would go badly on,
with the instruments on board one vessel and the
operators in another.
I have finished : nmy views and reasons are
fully before you. It'is your high province to com-
mand, my humble duty to obey, and I hope never
to be found wanting, in respect, or becoming acqui-
escence to those whom the law and the constitution
places in authority.
I am sir, with great respect, your obedient ser-
vant, THOMAS AP CATESBY JoNES,
Cum'r. of the South Sea Exploring Expedition,
To the Hon. SECRETARY OE THE NAvr."

NAvY DEPARTMENT,
September 12, 1836.
SIR :-In answer to your letter of the 2d inst.,
received on the 5th, I have to state,that, in inference
was drawn from your acknowledi-nent, that,
Lieuts. Slidell and Wilkes were gentlemen of
high attainment of a particular nature," that they
were qualified to act as commanders of the small
vessels in the Exploring Expedition. Orri the con-
trary, I should have inferred from your language,
that, in your opinion, those attainments of a par-
ticular nature were not such as were reqraired for
the command of those tssels.
You will observe that my opinion of those
gentlemen does not rest upon your admission, but
upon the knowledge of my predecessor, and my-
self, that the high attainments of those gentlemen
of a peculiar character, afforded evidence of their
being fit for the command of those vessels.
"The injustice which I think is done to these
officers is not that you have preferred others to
them, but that you had endeavored to exclude them
from command in the expedition, by representing
that no captain in the navy, having the command
which had been offered to you, would have thought
of either of those gentlemen as the commander of
a small vessel on this expedition. I think you un-
derrated those officers, and in so doing, have been
unjust to them ; and I know you are mistaken as
to the cstimation in which they are heT f-by the
captains of the navy.
"You think there is a mistake, as to the fact, that
one of the officers you had spoken of as comman-
ders of the smaller vessels, was lower on the regis-
ter than Lieuts. Slidell and Wilkes. Both the
Lieuts. Pinkhliam were spoken of by you as proper
officers to command the smaller vessels ; and Reu-
ben R. Pinkham was ordered to report to you, for
the purpose of recruiting seamen, &c., for the ex-
pedition, but with a view, vhen so ordered, to his
being finally ordered to the command of one of the
vessels. You afterwards expressed a preference
for Lieut. Alexander B. Pinkham. but at the same
time informed me of you," confident belief, that he
would not willingly accept the command of one of
these small vessels ; and this is known by a com-
munication fi-om him to this Department.
Lieut. Slidell is of the year 1825, and Lieut.
Wilkes of the year 1826, and Lieut. R. R. Pink-
ham of 1827. Lieut. A. B. Pinkham is of the same
year with Lieut. Slidell, but higher on the regis-
ter; and he is undoubtedly eminently qualified to
have a command in this expedition. The order
upon the register is Lieut. A. B. Pinkham, Lieut.
Siidell, Lieut. Wilkes, and Lieut. R. R. Pinkham;
but the allusion to their respective places on the
register, was for no other purpose than to show,
that in your estimation, officers might wih propri-
ety be entrusted with the command of these v ssels,
although they might not stagid high upon the re-
gister.
"You state, that one morning, when you were
at my office urging your claim to the Pacific squad-
ron, which had just been assigned to Capt. Bal
lard, 1 assigneJ, among other reasons for not giving
you the command you claimed, that I wanted to


keep you near me to consult with, and assist in
planning the con emplated voyage to ti-e South
seas, 'or words to that effect.' Judge then you say,
what my surprise must have been, when I heard
from yourself confirmation of what had previously
reached me as a rumor,that Slidell, and at least one
other person in New York, had been consulted by
letter, and their views asked for, while all was si-
t lent towards me.'
"I is true, that in the conversation you allude to,
I stated, that I should wish to consult you upon
the subject of :he Exploring Expedition, should
Such be authorised by Congress ; but not that I
wished to detain you from other services, for this
Purpose. I decided in favor of Captain Ballard
for the Pacific squadron, solely because I thought it
due to him, and without the least reference to any
service that might afterwards be required of you.
S My reason for wishing to consult you on the
proposed Exploring Expedition was, that you had
submitted a memoir several months ago to this De-
s apartment, upon the subject of discoveries in the
SSouth seas, and giving your views upon the same.
I But. it never occurred to me that you would be of-
fended or surprised at. my consulting others upon
- this important, and as it respects the navy, some-
what novel subject, or that you would look with


NEw Yoatc, Sept. 28, 1836.
"SIR. :-I have the honor to ;cknowledg( the re-
ceipt of the 23d instant, enclosing copies of the cur
respondence between the Navy Department, and
Capt. T. A. C. Jones, on the subject of my appoint-
ment to the command of one of the brigs on the
Southern Exploi ing Expedition. The manner in
which the Department has fulfilled its obligation
of protecting an officer thus unconsciously assailed,
mnd replied to the most of the objections that have
been raised against me, is so'satisfactory, that I
have but little to add in my own defence. One im-
portant objection, however, has not attracted tihe
notice of the Department ; and as it is based on a
misstatement of Capt. Jones, I feel myself called to
refute it.
"In comparing me with other candidates, Capt.
Jones couples me with Lieut.;Wilkes, and takes oc-
casion to say that Slidell and Wilkes are Lieuts.
of ten or eleven years d(late only, and of that time
!he two last mentioned have been comparatively lit-
tle in the way of acquiring practical knowledge in the
line of their profession at sea How far this may
be true of Lieut. Wilkes, does not concern me.-
Withregard to myself, the charges wholly untrue.
You will readily ascertain it to be so, by referring
to the records of the Department, which will show,
that, having entered the service in 2815, I made a
cruise in the Mediterranean in the brig Chippewa,
Lieut. Corn. Geo. C. Reed that immediately after
her return, I made a second criuize to the same seas
in the frigate Java, Capt. O. "H. Perry ; thaton my
return from this cruise, I was employed on the sur-
vey of the eastern cast in the bAig Enterprise, Lieut.
Corn. Lawrenca Kearney ; that soon after I made
a three years' cruize in the trigate Macedonian,
Capt. J. Downs; and that on the return of that
ship, I went again in her to tie West Indies, under
Capt. James Biddle. My next service was as act-
ing lieutenant in the schooner Terrier, on the West
India station. After which I was next employed
in the frigate Brandywine, on the West India and
Mediterranean stations,under Captains Ballard and
Kennedy, Commodore Biddle and Capt. Renshaw,
without any interruption for nearly four years.
This is the amount of my active employment
in cruizing ships, covering a space of nearly eleven
years. It may not be irrelevant to state, that in the
intervals of their cruizes, I have not only made re--
peated voyages as a passenger, but have also been,
while a passed midshipman, eighteen months in
command of a merchant ship. I mention these ad-
ditional facts, because my deficiency in nautical ex-
perience is repeatedly insisted on. Indeed, Capt.
Jones goes so far as to state what follows : If
belles-letters attainments are paramount to all other
qualifications in commanders for the Exploring Ex-
pedition, why pass over Irving, Cooper, Paulding,
Stewart, &c. &c. ? They jke all more celebrated
as authors than Mr. Slideli can possibly be atthis
time, and one of them, at least, has actually seen
more sea service than either Slidell or Wilkes.'
Taking for granted what has been said about
my literary pretensions, which have never been the
subject of much self-complacency to me, and still
less so since they have been likely to exclude me
from the career of professional distinction present-
ed by this expedition, and leaving Lieut. Wilkes
again to defend himself, it is incumbent on me to
state that this assertion of Capt. Jones, that Mr.
Stewart the gentleman here designated by the con-
text, has seen more sea service than I have, is abso-
lutely untrue. Mr. Stewart has been. one cruize,
as a Chaplain, to the Pacific, and part ofa cruize to
the Mediterranaean, making in all, perhaps, four
years, whereas, my sea-service in the navy alone
more than doubles that number. Whilst I most
distinctly contradict this double misstatement about
my comparatively little sea service, and about its
being less than the .Rev. Mr. Stewart's, I do not
pretend to say that Captain Jones has been.wil-
fully or maliciously girilty of it ; but in rebutting
it, I must beg leave to express my reprobation of a
superior officer's thus boldly making assertions in
an official communication e feNaval De.artmient,
suited to injure theiip'cirfo.laa9i1caercier oTan. in-
ferior, without availing himselfof the means so
easily within his reach of tascertaining that they
were utterly untrue.
I do not think, then, that a service, exceeded
only by a small minority of my grade, could have
failed to qualify me for the command to which I as-
pire. That of Capt. Jones, the Commander-in-
Chief, consists of a service in gun-boats, in and
about the Mississippi, in which he acquired dis-
tinction, but in which there was no opportunity of
acquiring seamanship ; and ofa sea service of about
two years as first lieutenant of the frigates Conste!-
lation and United States, in the Mediterranean, and
of about the same, or perhaps a longer time, in com-
mand of the Peacock. As both these were broken
cruizes, in whmch he did notgo out and return in the
same ship, five years'sea service on duty in cruising
ships may with great liberality be stated as the ex-
tent of what Capt. Jones has actually seen* I do
not assert this positively, but as being all the sea
service generally ascribed to him in the navy. My
estimate, if incorrect, may easily be made right by
a reference to documents in possession of the De-
partment. This circumstance is not stated for the
purpose of disparaging Capt. Jones, or offering any
judgment as to his fimne~s for the command of an
expedition especially requiring great nautical skill;
but simply to show that-if his sea service of five
years-assuming the estimate t'o be correct, or cor-
recting it if not so-be such as to qualify him for
the command of this whole expedition, my naval
service of more th.mn ten years might well qualify
me for the subordinate command, under his orders,
of one of the smaller vessels.
"As an officer, I feel bound to deny the insinua-


tion of Capt. Jones that should I go on the expedi-
tion, I might, when I separated from him, 1 an 1o
my own, rather than his wishes.' The school of
discipline in which my official character has been
chiefly formed, that of Commodore Biddle, has
inculcated any other lessons, rather than those of
insubordination, or a perverted construction of the
orders of a superior. With reference to your re-
quest that the documents of which I am hereby
furnished copies, should not find their way into the
public papers, I shall be scrupulously careful to
observe it. I do not consider the control exercised
by the press over matters connected with the disci-
pline of the Navy advantageous or salutary, nor
do I think the popularity of the Navy would be in-
creased by spreading Captain Jones' letter before
the public. I am happy to hove the opportunity
of putting it on record, that I have never yet pen-
ned a newspaper paragraph on the subject of tht
D navy, nor been engaged in any of those treacherous,
Syet not unfrequent attacks upon persons connected
. with it. If, however, my-name should hereafter be
Brought into notice, in connection with the expedi-
t lion, through the public pants, I shall feel bound to
Come forward with a complete statement of the
whole transaction, narratiag the signal manner in
Which I have been aggrieved; not in any anony-
Smous or smuggled form, but with the sanction and


the cause of the extraordinary selection that was
subsequently made. He best understands the con-
geniality that may have directed him, the tacit
compromise that may have been entered into, and
the Congressional influence and the array of names
that may have backed his representations. It is
sufficient that the practical seaman, the thorough
officer, the individual possessing in a high degree
the confidence of the profession, with wh.ch he has
ever been identified, was made to give place to one
whose disconnection from the service has long been
proverbial. The representation then that I had
intrigued to withdraw the command of this expedi-
tion from Captain Jones, and confer it on Mastet
Cnmmndant Ptrry, is equally improbable and
untrue ; nor could it have been put forward but to
cover other and more real objections.
The most offensive part of Captain Jones's cor-
respondence is that, in objecting to Lieut. Wilkes
and myself, as commanders to serve under him, he
goes on to volunteer, on behalf of all the other Cap-
tains in the Navy, the following statement: "I am
sure that no Captain, called to the command to
which I have beei; assigned, would, if untrammeled
in his selection, ever have thought of naming either
of the above officers as commanders." This is a
charge of no trifling magnitude. Most fortunately
for the individuals thus gratuitously calumniated,
the Secretary of the Navy, with a considerateness
which does him the highest honor, consulted vari-
ous captains to whom the calumniated were known
personally, or by professional reputation, and they
at once renounced the opinion so improperly vo-
lunteered for them. As an additional commentary
on this grave charge, I may add thai the only two
officers appointed to subordinate commands, whilst
this matter was in agitation, namely, Lieuten.mts
Tattnall and Dornin, were extremely anxious for
my appointment. They were both old shipmates
on former cruises in remote seas, with whom 1
should have been proud to have been again asso-
ciated. I may also remark, that so far from my
appointment being looked on with such especial
horror, that the appointment of Mr. Washington
Irving, Mr. J. F. Cooper, Mr. J. K. Paulding, or
'the Rev. Mr. Stew art, to the command of any of
the expeditionary vessels, would have been, as
Captain Jones says, "less at variance with the
rights of the Navy," I am assured on all hands,
that my appointment has been generally desired by
my brother officers.
What Captain Jones then has applied to me with-
out sufficient authority, I may, without the danger
of a like mistake, refer back to myself; and I may
say in his own words, that no Secretary of the
Navy "would, if untrammeled in his selection, eyer
have thought of naming" Captain Jones to the
command of this expedition. If unaffected by im-
proper influence of members of Congress, acting
ex officio, and without responsibility for results, if
urged by no pressure from without, a Secretary of
the Navy, making such a selection, would have
gone into the records of his Department to see what
Captain was best fitted for so important a command
-by past services, by the exhibition of great re-
sources in situations of difficulty, and above all by
length of experience at sea.
The letters of Captain Jones, though bringing
serious charges against me. need little addition
commentary. They speak for themselves, and the
choicest portions are by himself carefully italicised
and pointed with notes of admiration. As for thi
remainder of this little history, it is easily narrated
The Secretary of the Navy fulfilled his intention o
awaiting the arrival of the President at Washing
ton, and then laid the whole matter before him
The President at once decided, with his accustomed
sagacity and firnness, to sustain the Secretary
and authorized him- to order Lieut. Wilkes an
myself to the vessels \which he had assigned to us
The order however was' not given, the Secretar
assigning as a reason for it, that he would not d
us the injustice to place us under Captain Jones
command after the sentiments he had express
towards us. He however diC me the favor t
offer me the situation of historians in the ucientifi
Curps of the Expcditivn, within appQM4wMenL ver
-greatly superior to what I should bave had a
commander of a small vessel. But as :uy desire t
take service in this expedition had its oi'igin whole
ly in professional, and not at all in literal ry ambi
lion, or a craving for large emoluments, I t one
declined an offer by which, nevertheless, I felt hon
ored.
My brother officers will, 1 trust, admit that ll]
motive for laying this correspondence before thei
is a very sufficient one. Ift' I thought that the exhi.
bition of these difficulties would injure the Navy,]
would suffer in silence the obloquy that has beer
cast upon me; for I h-ve no wish to save myself b3
sacrificing my profession. I am on the contrary le(
to believe that the Navy may rather be benefits(
by revealing the quackery which is passed upon tit
public respecting it, and by showing how an office
whose professional inexperience has been for year:
a familiar topic in the service, may by dint of self
commendation, and the aid of well chosen fiiends
be passed by the newspapers upon the countr3
as possessing "high qualifications" fora semvici
demanding those professional attainmenis whicd
were never yet acquired but by toilsome service a
sea.
The situation in which I now find myself placed
with reference to a superior officer, is entirely for
eign to my character, and opposed to the past hab
its of my professional life. Believing that there i
more danger to the Navy, from insubordination it
its inferior, than from tyranny in its higher grades
I have ever leaned to the side of discipline, and beem
disposed, when questions occurred, rather to sustain
a commander, than join the factious of my owi
grade. I have felt too that a commander has ever


motive to conciliate, and none to oppress; that hit
solitary struggle for that supremacy over his inferi-
ors, which is ess ntia) to the security of a ship o
war, is one of no little difficulty; and have ever
sought to bear in mind, that at some future day I
should myself be burthened with the cares and res.
ponsibilities of command. As I would then mos
anxiously avoid the character of being tfactious or
insubordinate, I must trust to what has been stated
to show how completely this controversy has sough
me out, from the moment when service upon this
expeditionn was first proffered to me. For six months
I have been harassed with doubt, anxiety, and bit-
ter feelings, to the total interruption of my ordinary)
avocations. The question is now settled. But i
has been generally known that I was to have beer
senw on this service,and as it is now understood tL.a
I am excluded, in consequence of the opposition o
Captain Jones, the circumstances presuppose some
disqualification on my part, and, being thus far
discreditable, render it incumbent upon me to come
forward in rny defence, if I would preserve thai
favorable estimation among my brother officers
which I cherish among the strongest wishes of my
heart. ALEXANDER SLIDELL.
New York, 20th November, 1836.
r v #L i L. -4r 1 L, LT. r 1


ate control of one oF his suppol ting ships to a sub-
altern with whom these circut nistanCes of estrange-
ment existed, and especial y as the appointment of
Lieutenant Slidell to a command mu.t necessarily
have excluded all of the 107 Lieutenants who are
his seniors in rank from any lot or part in the expe-
dition? The Secretary'ssen e of what was due to
Lieutenant Slidell's character and interests, com-
pelled him to deny his application, I should have
been much pleased if a view of my greater respon-
sibilities, long service, and greater Stake as a com-
mander of the expedition, could have prevailed with
the Secretary to have given thesame weight to the
objections against appointing an aid not agreeable
o me, as was given to that of subjecting the secon-
dary officer to a disagreeable principal. As, how-
ever, I found that the kind feeling which once
prompted the Secretary to assure me that no officer
should be appointed to whom I objected, would not
avail me, I determined to sacrifice my own excep-
tions to Lieut. Slidell, and to surrender to the par-
tiality of the Secretary what he was disposed to
consider mere prejudice on my part. I therefore
wrote him a letter, (marked No. 10, written and
shown to one of his friends before I received his let-
ter disclaiming his determination not to appoint
Lieutenant Slidell, (in which I waived my personal
objections to him, eta' ing my willingness to receive
him as an officer in the expedition, andinsisting on-
ly on the rights of the other officers proposed for
the expedition, viz: that they should take station
according to seniority of commission.
There was no objection on the part of the Secre-
tary to the officers I had applied for; but Lieuten-
ant Slidell had the ambition to command a separate
ship, when the rank of those I had previously ap-
plied for entitled tbaem to it. In waiving, then, my
personal objections to Lieutenant Slidell-agreeing
to take him in my own ship, or in any other, in the
station to which his place on the Navy Register en-
titled him, consenting thathe might employ his time
in attending to the duty for which the Secretary
seemed to consider him peculiarly fitted by his ha-
bits and talents-I was happy to find that I had
Seven gone further than the Secretary anticipated.
While I was making these concessions on my part,
the Secretary brought his own mind to the conclu-
sion that Lieutenant Slidell ought not to go in the
exp dition at all. This is made manifest by the
two last letters, which I annex, and to which I par-
ticularly invite the attention of the reader. In com-
municating the conclusion of this matter to Lieuten-
Sant Slidell, the Secretary could not have failed, in
justice to himself or to me, to make known my ul-
SLimate proposition, as well as his ultimate decision;
and this brings me to the point of the garbkld cor-
respondence.
Lieut. Slidell, with a full knowledge (as I must
Presume from the whole tenor of his publication) ol
Small the facts narrated in the whole correspondence
now laid before the public, gave only two of my let.
; ters publicity. *
t: Neither of these present the final position assu.
i med by me in my correspondence with the Secre.
. tary. They only show the grounds taken by me ir
7 urging my objections upon him. They show noti
ing of the concessions made by me-the total sur
Render of my personal wishes to those of the Scere
I tary; in a word, the -surrender of every thing -(bu
e the rights of others, and the honor of the professions
d involved in the principle of maintaining rank and
e seniorities of officers,) -to secure a harmonious co
, operation between myself and the head of the de
)f apartment in forwarding the expedition. All thi
* Lieutenant Slidell conceals by the artifice of garlb
i. ling facts, and presenting partial statements, an
d does this in violation of all the principles of justice
', and of fair dealing.
d From the letters marked A. B, C, and D, it wi
s. be seen that the Secretary himself considered a coi
v respondence like that between himself and me cor
o fiuntial. He would not have shown my letters t
si Lieut. r'idell without my consent, and he has per
d emptorily rei',Ied me access to correspondence coi
o corning that gentle," to wwich I felt myself eni
eu. -iada of mine. This rul
ic tledo.counLetctL Lbe-s. -de ofm.C e1 qnru
r Ssw, our 3f.&.he 'e Yjt u re of the n ing quarrel
s and personal collisionsamong the on.e .
o vy, and consequent detriment. to the serJe' Jgav
- my consent to the communication of my corr,. *0'
- dence to Lieut. Slidell, but I did not give my ".
e sent to the publIcation-it never was asked. "ih
- publisher must have known, that neither I nor any
other man would have been willing that a partial
y publication should be made of a correspondence
i which gave only such an aspect of the controversy
- as might possibly be perverted to injure the party
I whose garbled correspondence was given. With
n oat consulting me, and in violation of the spirit c
i the rules which control the service, Lieut. Slidel
I published what he had no right even to see without
1 my consent. He published too, at the hazard o
e renewing ur:pleasant feelings, and an angry control
r versy between the Secretary and myself, which
s was willing to make almost any sacrifice to close
- and no doubt for the express purpose of jeopardinl
, the great national enterprise, by exciting repugnance
y to it in Congress, and by renewing the schism be
e tween the head of the department and the command
h der, and exciting parties, growing out of such alter
t cations, against it, lboth in Congress, in the country
and in the navy. I give this as a specimen of thi
, professional honor, the elevation of character, am
- the patriotism, of Lieut. Slidell. I come now u
- the main point, which, as it deeply concerns mj
s office I1 qualifications and character, is the principur
n consideration which has induced this publication.
, In the exposition which Lieut. Slidell has sub-
n mitted to the public, to show the intimacy subsist.
n ing between himself and the head of the Depart,


n meant in relation to preliminary preparations forth
Y expedition, and give color to the insinuation he af.
s terwards makes in regard to the Secretary's want
SoTfronfidence in me, and to give credit to thedirect
I charge of my exerting an improper influence to ob-
r tain the place tf commander, he says he had with
Sthe Secretary A SEMI OFFICIAL CORRESPONDENCE
* which extended to two or th:ee letters, in the las
t of which, dated May 26, 1836, the Secretary dic
Sme (Slidell) the honor to consult meconceining th-
Sexploring expedition, the act authorizing which was
L on the eve of becoming a law." As at this poit
s of time, the thoughts of the Secretary were neces
8 sarily drawn to the appointment of officers, Lieut
- Slidell leaves the inference in the mind, that the de-
V clarationi which he makes in regard to my appoint-
A ment, and which he says he makes "not wilhou
n sufficient authority," was warranted by his "semi
I official correspondence." He says, "What Captair
t Jones then has applied to me without sufficient au
Sthority, I may, without the danger of a like mis.
r take, refer back to himself; and I may say in his
e own words, that no Secretary of the Navy wouldd
t, if untrammeled in his selection, ever have though
s of naming' Captain Jones to the command of this
expedition. If unaffected by improper influence of
members of Congress, acting ex-q4#cio, and without
responsibility for results, if urged by no pressure
from without, a Secretary of the Navy, making
--IA LI-.-_ i L-


ance to appoint me, being .avceva-,." tL e H- ,
proper influence of m mberaofCongrss, eating '-
officio, and without responsibility tor retukssi" this
'pressure from without". upon the SecreLtai.y .qf the
Navy, is according to the express adnaisei'pn.of
Lieutenant Slidell's .fast friend, to be attributed -to
that bold impudence, which will hazard positive,
assertions without authority, and declare tat it.is
done upon" sufficient authority,"" without -anger
of mistake." -,
But as to the merits ofthe ,mawings ; I wa
selected by the President, ,and Secretary of. eh,,
Navy, without the sinister influence w 1,chIeutt,
Slidell attributes to-members of (ongreas. While
the expedition was but in conteiFplptiorn thie e-.
cretary of the Navy, (Mr. Dickersbn,) who cIp-
sidered that from my experience as acoU ma.A'O the Pacific, my views were entitled to considdag-
tion, expressed his intention to consult "me on he ..
proposed expedition, should the same he.thqi;ed
by Congress. The Secretary did hot t ten say t0
me, that I was designed.for the command i; but. I
understood the communication precisely as W^^,,
1 understood his subsequent written :inYvitin,tp..
the command. It was meant by the Secretary a#
an intimation that I might ho.M myself |n readiness
for the appointment, and direct my mid-to prepa-
ration for the arduousand responsible serview4eyw4-.
out directly committing himself togive me a sttijop,
which had not then been created. I-did:notascribe
the subsequent action of the Serotary,.aq proceed-
ing altogether from his knowledge of the fact that I
had some acquaintance with the seas, which the
expedition was designed to navigate, and had writ-
ten a minute journal of a former voyage, giving m
the advantage of information and experience, which,
might form a basis from which to takela new and
near departure in the proposed discoveries, a-,
cribed somewhat of the prefereneefor uoshown in
the Secretary's invitation, to the Ppesidqnt's, per-
sopal knowledge of me. I hadserved near, intat
New Orleans. He, as well as my country, was
pleased to give me credit for having done .imy duty
on a sort of forlorn hope, in a desperate resistance
of the approach of the English :fleet and lanid forces
in that quarter, in the frail vessels comiUttedi my
charge. He was aware of the sufferings! endured
when wounded, and a prisoneron board ofthe ene-
my's ships. Hewas sensible of th long, ,the ardu-
ous, and the dangerous service to whieh& had been
previously exposed in the Gulf of Mexico fr, a suc-
Scession of years,. from the diseases of theo .climate
Sand in a war against pirates, and assasins; ,anud
while he thought, probably, that the hardihood ac-
Squired in such a school, together with more othan
Thirty years': devotion to my profession, fltted :me
in some degree for the new enterprise, [ may pro-
Sbably, in part, impute to his known dispgsititon, to
f reward those who have labored. faithfully in the
Same cause with himself, the late distinguished
* honor that has been conferred upon me. -At all
events, I am not indebted for it tposipitation.
* None was made by me-none by any,othors
* at my instance; and the.whole charge ,of improper
a influence being brought to bear to vanquish the
h Secretary's reluctance to my appointment, is ahee
Fabrication. .
The allegation of unfitness for theeommand, and
t ofheing indebted for it to unwo,'thy, means,,(qo9w
i urged against me by Lieut. Sli4ell,): shows ..hoW
i dangerous a colleague he- would ,have bheeqqfor me
- in the expedition. He certainly di4nptoe,-te retain
s the proper feelings towards me as a super. ,and
s such as would render him useful to00ie.as nysae-
- cond in command. This itself g ,esfar-t p aify,
d on my part, the want of cor1)dence,,wl.j go
e frankly expressed in the: beginning, in. rv4girs ,to
this individual. There are a thtitd.e,of,XcMWa-
il stances, which I could substatnUtiate by "t-ijt y,
r- to manifest to all the world thotim] rly tdigxract
a- of this person was not unreasooab .v .tfi tiod
to which would confirm them beyond VqOirWd(.tion
r- now. But I forbear to complicate ..be aibjecwith
n- any thing out of the record., ; s -. d,
Li- In the case, as made out- by hit",K athers, ore
le' badges to mark him as a most. unfi t Rm nfor"
*V a commander on a voyage t.f di. ovay,,...fore
- -embarkationr befre wmptaaitm wea, inbl ay,
re- he has shown himselfworthyWt-lbktwditjthe
fr treacherousPinzons, .who betrayddolumhbn ,
SIn conclusion, I must express tbe!,h Aatthe
*jbg,&iation of Lieutenant Slidell: will il.i p ne
e s )4)ast, which it was certainly inte.ded and
y poi", t ieJy ,to accomplish. Thro*%h tbeprq-
1 was mo. '" C re.Acretary .of the.Navy ,, w. had
, possessions jetenant's cause his:ao,:the
y almost made thL q Y latter supposed he n., ..sA the nnplepsant con-
Sjust at the opening of Co. '^ ,apd myaelt; and
'f troversy between that gentiL. "' i[t to. be
.1 thereby secure the Secretary's ; e. ', itfiou,
t brought to bear against me; and: tlh ;..'t. ;r yf)ing
f should any fit occasion arise for exerting,.,..<'^,?,!f ,
- the session of Congress. In this, SQ far as-wy,..,,
I ings are concerned, he will be disappointed. .. re-
; gard Secretary Dickersen as an koatestand- useful
g man, who for a long series .a ;years liasarend~ied
e valuable services to his country. His kind heart
- has, I think, engaged him too warmly in. the cause
- of one unworthy of his confidence. E.Hiai-oonduct to
* me, growing out of this circumstances itfaulky, ini
, the fault of good nature, and ifBny unplea*ot Snsa-
Slions of the late disagreement between us-yet-re-
d main with him, I know it will not be long~bekore he
o banishes them from his bosom,, For myself, Lean
1 truly say, that all the unkind thoughts jfor-.he
1 moment entertained, are already given to the
winds. Taos. AP CATISNY JONEs,
Capt. U. S. Navy.
. Washington, Jan. 7, 1837. -


S(A.) .
OLD POINT COM-ORTiecT, Dee. 1, $36.
t SIR: The Army and Navy Chronielvf th-ie ,lst
t instant, (a weekly newspaper, published .tg Watsh-
- ington City by B. Homans, Esq.) under ihoeadiof
S"Official Correspondence connected iththA.V .So&ut.
, em Exploring Expedition, .ithi comment s vpon the
t same by Lieut. .1. Slidell, U. S,.Wa-vy,7tcontains
I two of my official letters addressed to ththlid of
the Navy Department; one bearing datisAugust
S22, the other September 2, 1836. That theh.onor-
t able Secretary of the Navy can have-.'anctionied
. the publication of official correspondence faor per-
Ssonal purposes, mutilated, too, -byj witbholdiag,the
. letters, most material to a rightfult, umderstanding.of
. the subject-matter, 1 can never believe upon the'
Sbare assertion of Lieutenant Slidell.- I-,us1,"th ere-
. fore take it for granted that Mr. Slideli has (n vio-
n nation of that well understood usage and icbmmon
. law of the service which forbids thepublication, by
- any officer, of any official communication or;ptib-
s lic documents, without permission fr m poperia.u-
t thprities) furnished the atforesaidJatt.r for publiea-
t tion, in violation of his duty as an officer'of he .na-
s vy. I therefore ask for his arrest and trial byVCourt
t Martial.. '
L I have the honor to be, your most o'bt servant,
e (Signed) THOSE. AP CATESBy JON,i
SCapt. U. S. Army.
S -n TU/ .- .... T-- --r y.


Li


/
L/


mm m











them to him, and stated, s a matter of justice to
yourself, that it was done vith your consent.
Being thus possessed of those copies, I can see no
reason against his making them public, unless re-
strained by some regulation of the Navy Depart-
ment, which restraint has been removed. Al-
though I felt some reluctance to seeing any publi-
cation upon this subject, yet, at the solicitation of
Lieut. Slidell, whom I considered an injured man,
I consented to his publishing whatever I had com-
municated to him, if, in his opinion, it was neces-
aary to his justification and defence. By persever-
ing in your opposition to hKn, you carried your
point of excluding him from the command of one
of the smaller vessels of the expedition, to which I
had determined to appoint him, and that with the
approbation of the President. I reluctantly assent-
ed to his exclusion, rather than put a stop to the
preparations for the expedition, which seemed to
be your purpose, so far as you were concerned,
unless you were gratified in this particular.
In his peculiar situation, Lieut. Slidell consider-
ed that he had no tribunal to which he could ap.
peal, except the public; and I think it would be
hard to deprive him of that. Besides, it is but
justice to myself, that the public should know that
I had not abandoned a meritorious officer without
some efforts to sustain him.
Neither your letters nor my answers contain
any thing you could wish to conceal from the pub-
lic; and no injury, is done to you by their publi-
cation.
If Lieutenant Slidell has been unjust to you in
his comments, he is censurable for that. I &.m not
sensible that your letters were in any way mutilat-
ed ; and I assure you there has not been any design
to withhold letters most material to a rightful un-
derstanding of the subject-matter."
The information, which I stated to you was ask-
ed for, I communicated. I did not think it necessa-
ry to communicate more than I did, although there
was no disposition to withhold any thing connect-
ed with the subject.
I am, very respectfully, your obedient, humble
servant, M. DICKERSON.
Com. Tuo's AP CATESBY JONES,
Commanding U. S. Exploring Expedition.

(C.)
WASHINGTON, Dec. 31, 1836.
SIR: Your letter of the 26th current, in answer
to mine of the 15th instant, was returned* to me
yesterday. I hope you will pardon the pertinaci-
ty with which I repudiate the charge of having
made any allegations against Lieutenant Slidell,
which made an appeal to public sympathy proper,
or at all necessary. It would be arrogating to my-
self, more indeed than the most ambitious could
ever dream of, to suppose that a mere expression
of my preference for a senior officer of great merit
and experience, could in any way do injustice to a
meritorious junior of less pretension. Such then
is the head and front of my offending."
Construing your letter, now under consideration,
at exonerating Mr. Slidell from official accounta-
bility, and seeing that you have changed the venue
from the martial board of honor to the columns of a
newspaper, I too must claim the privilege of be-
ing heard, in my own defence, through the same
medium.
I therefore respectfully ask for authenticated copies
of the following letters and papers, viz : of a memo-
randurn or communication from me, dated July 2d,
1836; of letters dated July 9th, August 17th, and
22d; September 2d, and 14th ; and of November
7th too; also copies of all letters and communica-
tions, official, semi-official, or of other character, re-
lating tome, orin any wise concerning the explor-
ing expedition, or any of the officers, civil or naval,
connected therewith ; also any communication or
communications from the Navy Department to the
President of the United States, with his reply
ihereto, or decision thereon, wherein I am concern-
ed. 1 also ask permission to make such use of the
foregoing papers, or any of them, together with the
answers thereto; and to publish, whole or in part,
my official repo! t of the Peacock's cruise to the Pa-
cific and South Sea Islands, (under my command,)
in the years 1826 and '27. Should I deem such
use or publication necessary to vindicate myself
before the public, I must also ask the honorable
Secretary of the Navy to finish me with the
authority upon which Lieutenant A. Slidell makes
the allegation in the following paragraph, taken
from his publication in the Army and Navy Chro-
nicle of the first of December: "What Captain
Jones, then, has applied to me without sufficient
authority, 1 may, without the danger of a like mis-
take, refer back to himself; anrd I may say, in his
own words, that no Secretary of the Navy 'would,
if untrammeled in his selection, ever have thought
of naming' Captain Jones to the command of this
expedition. If unaffected by improper influence of
members of Congress, acting ex-officio and with-
out responsibility, for results; if urged by no pres-
sure from without,a Secretary of the Navy making
such a selection, would have gone into the records
ofhis Department to see what captain was best
fitted for so important a command by past services,
by the exhibition of great resources in situations of
difficulty, and, above all, by length of experience
at sea."
As the preparation and arrangements for the
publication of the foregoing documents will ne-
cessarily occupy some days, and the public interest
no less than my own reputation demands a speedy
refutation of the vituperative attack which has
been made on me, I respectfully request an early
anmaser to this letter, with your permission to pro-
ceed with the publication of the documents deemed
necessary to disabuse the public mind. I have the


honor toobe, your obedient servant,
(Signed) Tuos. Ar CATESBY JONEs,
Captain U. S. Navy.
Hon. MAHRLON DICZERSON,
Secretary of the Navy.
True copy: JOHN BOYLE,
Chief Clerk Navy Department, Jan. 6, 1837.

This letter was received the previous day, but
was without the Secretary's name, and was sent
back for his signature. T. AP C. J.

(D.)
NAVY DEPARTMENT, Jan. 4, 1836.
Sir: Your letter of the 31st ultimo was received
between three and four o'clock yesterday after-
noon.
You say construing your letter now under con-
wideration, as exonerating Mr. Slidell from official
accountability, and seeing -that you have changed
the venue from the martial board of honor to the
columns of a newspaper, I, too, must claim the priv-
ilege of being heard in my own defence, through
the same medium."
If, after you had succeeded in excluding Mr. Sli-
dell from the command of one of the smaller vessels
on the exploring expedition, and putting upon the
files of this Department allegations which you were
willing should be communicated to him, and which
he at least considered injurious to his character and
standing as an officer of the navy, you should be
disposed to silence him, and prevent his appeal to
the public, by the terrors of a court martial, which I
cannot believe, then have I so far interfered as to re-
lieve him from the restriction of any rule of this De-
partment that would prevent his publishing the let-
ters which I sent him, as I have heretofore stated to
you, and no farther. He is accountable to you for
any thing he publishes respecting you, either by
court martial or other tribunal that you may think
proper to'select.
'Mr. Slidell has made his case known through the
columns of i. newspaper; and you claim- the
privilege -of being heard in your own defence,
through the same medium, which certainly will not
be denied to you.
You request me to furnish you with the authori-
tw iin- ..h*.. -1_.h TAP-iitannn. C'Alid l.-1 t-l-_-i,_ .


ominous correspondence, not deemed confidential,
with the liberty of copying such parts as you may
think proper. No doubt some letters upon this sub-
ject have been written, of so little importance that
it has not been deemed necessary to keep copies ot
them.
Any communications from this Department to
the President of the United States, with his reply
thereto, or decision thereon, wherein you are con-
cerned, will be copied and communicated.
You will make such use-of any papers to be com-
mimnicated agreeably to your request, together with
any part of your official report of the Peacock's
cruise in the Pacific and Sonth Sea Islands, under
your command, in the years 1826 and 1827, as you
may think necessary to vindicate yourself before the
public, or any other purpose, which, in your opin-
ion, may require their publication.
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
M. DICKERSON.
Corn Tros. AP C. JONES,
Com'g U. S. Exploring Expedition,
Washington, D. C.

AMemorandum.-.No. 1.
WASHINGTON, July 2,1836.
If it is decided to take the Macedonian for the ex-
ploring expedition service, the only necessary de-
parture from the original plan laid down for her in-
terior arrangements, will be the substitution of a
poop cabin for the commander, in lieu of his usual
accommodations on the gun-deck; which latter
space ought to be fitted up with state rooms, say
three of a side, for the accommodation of the princi-
pals of the scientific department. These rooms
should be capacious, and so constructed as to admit
both air and light freely when in low latitudes, and
at the same time susceptible of being converted
into close and warm rooms when in colder regions.
The two after and one of the forward guns of the
gun deck on each side, and a like number of the
spar deck guns might well be dispensed with, with-
out impairing the efficiency of the ship for this par-
ticular service, but on the contrary, by thus redu-
cing the armament, some decided advantages would
be gained, such as space and comfort to all on board,
and ease to the ship in heavy weather.
If the masts, yards, sails, rigging, &c., are not yet
made or prepared, some reduction in their dimensions
might be desirable, though not indispensably neces-
Tihe brigs and schooner ought to be expressly built

for the purpose. They should be well and substan-
tially built in every respect, with some extra
strengthening; such as additional beams, knees,
thicker plank and copper, &c. ; and they ought to
have high quarter decks, or rather halt' poop decks,
raised no higher than the railing, but sunk sufficient-
ly low, and extending far enough forward, to afford
comfortable accommodation for the commissioned
officers and passed midshipmen, the number of
whom, however, collectively, ought not to exceed eight
or nine.
All of the vessels, both large and small, ought
to be supplied with the very best boats, and as
many as they can conveniently carry; some
of which must be built for the express occasion,
and can be better built out of, than in, the public
yards.
The principal stock of water ought to be carried
in metal tanks, more especially on board the small
vessels. The complement of officers and men, for
the small vessels, ought to be limited to the purpose
of safe and comfortable navigation on the long passa-
ges, with a due allowance tot casualties.
The frigate's complement need not be put up tothe
full war number, though, as she will have to furnish
the surveying parties with both oats and men, her
crew must not be too much reduced; all landsmen,
and most of the ordinary seamen, and green boys,
may be dispensed with ; but an addition to the es-
tablished number of petty officers, seamen, and me-
chanics, will be required, and a small guard of pick-
ed marines, under one chosen officer, will be indis-
pensable for the larger ,hip.
All the officers, both civil and military, who are
to be employed in the expedition, ought to be ap-
pointed forthwith. The commanderof the expedition
ought to be allowed to chose the commanders of the
other vessels, and these commanders ought to have
a voice in the choice of their respective officers. This
is deemed indispensably necessary to secure harmony
and concert of action throughout, without which it is
vain and idle to expect even tolerable success. The
commanders of vessels, and the principals of every
department of science to be organized, ought to be
ordered to assemble at New Yok at the earliest
practicable day, for the purpose of concerting plans
for the necessary preparations. Shipping articles
should be early opened at several of the eastern
ports, by officers detailed for the exploring expedition,
to ship men for that express service, to serve during
the voyage, or aLseoce of the vessels from the Uni-
ted States; but not to be subject to draft or transfer
to other duty. New York affording greater facili-
ties for equipping and furnishing vessels with every
description of stores, than any other part ot the
Union, that station ought to be appointed the gen-
eral rendezvous, to which all the vessels should be
ordered as soon as they could be got there.
In addition to the mechanics authorized by the re-
gulations of the navy, one master shipwright, one
boat builder, and a master blacksmith, ought to ac-
company the expedition.
(Signed) THio. AP CATESBY JONES.
To the Hon. Secretary of the Nav".
P. S.-I must insist upon having the Macedoni-
an, the two brigs, and one schooner, with a store-
ship. I have justleft the President, who has direct-
ed me to communicate my views to the Hen. Sec-
retary of the Navy.
True copy. JOHN BOYLE,
Jan. 6, 1837. C. CI'k Navy Depar't.


No. 2.
NEAR PROSPECT HILL, Va.,
July 9, 1836.
Sir: You having requested me to name, at as ear-
ly a day as I could, an officer to fill the station of
first lieutenant of the Macedonian, I beg leave most
respectfully, to say that I find myself at a loss to
make a choice, until the commanders of the other
vessels composing the expedition are appointed ; for
if those vessels are to be commanded by lieutenants,
(which I presume is your intention,) the command-
ers should be designated before any selections are
made of officers of that grade who are to fill subord-
inate stations; otherwise it may happen that some of
the commanders might be junior to other lieutenants
detailed for their appropriate duties; and although
such an occurrence is not likely to happen on board
the same vessel, nevertheless, the dissatisfaction
would be scarcely less, should one officer in com-
mand be junior to any who are not in command in
the same expedition. Moreover, on service like
that in contemplation, (not regular naval service,)
if the commander of the expedition is not to have a
voice in the selection of all officers, it is better that
the department should make up the entire detail ;
otherwise there would most assuredly be the Secre-
tary's party and the Captain's party on board at
the very onset, and thus setting out with discordant
materials, every operation of the enterprise would
be paralized, and probably totally frustrated, for
want of unanimity and concert of action. Under
these views, I must decline naming any officer, ex-
cept Master Commandant James Armstrong, who
(if agreeable to him) I should like to have appoint-
ed to the Macedonian; and if the officeof flag lieu-
tenant is recognized by-the Navy Departmenf, I re-
quest that Lieutenant Neil M. Howison, who I
know would gladly accept the service, may be re-
called, and appointed to that station under me.
I have the honor, &c., &c.
(Siened) THos. Ar CATESBY JONES.
Hon. MAHLON DCKERSON,
Secretary of the Navy.
True copy: JOHN BOYLE,
L i- PAY -I r~.1- W --


easels they are respectively to command are build.
ing.
I havelthe honor to be, most respecfully, cc. &c.
(Signed) THos. AP. C. JONES,
Commanding the Exploring ExFedition.
Hon. Secretary of the Navy.
True copy: JOHN BOYLE,
January 6, 1837. C. Clk. Navy Departwent.

[Here follow letters 4, 5, 6 and 7, which are
those contained in Lieutenant Slidell's statement,
dated 22d and 31st of August, and 2d and 12th
of September, between Captain Jones and the
Secretary of the Nsavy.]

No. 8.
NEAR PROSPECT HILL, VA. September 14, 1836.
Sir: Your letter of the 12th, in reply to mine of
the 2d inst. was yesterday received. Fhr be it from
my disposition or wish to provoke controversy from
any quarter, but more especially am I unwilling to
engage in strife with the honorable Secretary of the
Navy. Nevertheless a solemn duty, not more obli-
gatory in justice to myself than to the individuals
concerned, as well as to the public interest, so far
as it is allied to the success of the Navy, compels
me to make an effort to disabuse your mind upon
certain points, undoubtedly arising from miscon-
ceptions, perhaps on both sides.
In the first place, then, I must again declare my-
self innocent of the charge of injustice towards
Lieutenants Slidell and Wilkes, in saying, as I did
say, in my letter of 22d ultimo, "Two of the com-
manders named by you on the occasion, Lieuten
ants Slidell and Wilkes, are unquestionably' gentle-
men of high attainments of a peculiar nature, but
that they are superior or even equal as commanders to
many of the 102 (I ought to have said 107 and 118)
Lieutenants who stand above them on the Register,
I imagine will not be admitted by any officer of the
navy ; and I am sure that no captain, called to the
command to which I have been assigned, would, if
untrammeled in his selection, ever have thought of
naming either of the above officers as commanders."
Now, sir, I must beg you to particularly observe,
that my objections, as expressed in the foregoing
extract, are confined solely to those officers' claims
to command over or before their superiors; and
while I emphatically disclaim every thing like want
of proper respect for the opinions of the honorable
Secretary, or like injustice to Slidell or Wilkes, for
both of whom I entertain the kindest feelings, I
must, nevertheless, adhere to my original opinion,
that no captain, himself fit to command, if retain-
ing the least particle of "esprit du corps," or just
regard to equal merit, and faithful and longer ser-
vice, would ever have thought of selecting either
of the two officers above named, to the total exclu-
sion of 107 and 110 seniors, who rank above them
on the official Register of the present year.
I am also misunderstood as to the commanders I
have asked for.MMy letter of the 17th August, is,
I believe, the first and only one in which I named
any person or persons as suitable to command the
smaller vessels of the exploring expedition, and the
names therein submitted are as follows, to wit:
Lieutenant Josiah Tattnall, to command a brig.
it Charles H. Bell, do. do.
T. A. Dornin, the store ship.
A. B. Pinkham, the sch'r at N.York.
Now as regards the Pinkhams, they were both
first proposed by yourself-A. B. as a commander;
but it certainly never crossed my mind that the
younger Pinkham could ever have been thought of
for any station higher than that of second or third
lieutenant of the frigate, unless the commander of
one of the small vessels should apply for him as his
first; and the injunction which you placed me un-
der, to select my first lieutenant as high on the list
as I could, is corroborant of my understanding of
your views of the subject at the time; and my let-
ter of the 9th day of July, upon the subject of ap.
pcintments, is further indicative of my own views
of the relative rights of lieutenants in the navy,
which I believe will be found as just in practice as
they are unquestionable in principle. But had my
own ideas or inclinations have been different from
what they are, the express injunction laid on me by
the President, (when be voluntarily offered me the
privilege,-which, to be sure, I never doubted would
be allowed me,-that of choosing not only the offi-
cers of my own ship, but the comm.indrs and all
other officers of the navy to be connected with or
to serve in the expedition,) xot to do injustice
to meritorious seniors by selecting juniors to
their prejudice or exclusion; and in carrying out
what I believed to be the wish of the Navy De-
partment, as well as my own, and that. of the Pre-
sident, several weeks were employed in scanning
the list, and consulting some officers at a remote
distance from Washington, before I ventured to
name the commanders asked for by my letter of the
17th of August; and in fixing upon those officers,
I did it from a firm conviction that, all things con-
sidered, they are well qualified to fill the resp cive
stations they are proposed for, and that a sufficient
time had elapsed for any officer in the United
Siatea, who desired such service, to have urged his
claims; and if none have done so, the default is
theirs, and not mine; and I cannot conceive that I
can be rightfully accused of injustice to any one in
making the selections I have, more especially as 1
cannot be charged with personal partiality; for it
so happens, that, before my choice was made, I
could scarcely claim acquaintance of more than
identity of person, with any of the four, and not
even to that extent with two of the number at this
time.
I have the honor to be, with the greatest respect,
your obedient servant,
(Signed) THOSE. Ar CATESBY JONLS.
Hen. MAHLON DICKERSON. &c.


True copy: JOHN DOYLE,
January 6, 1837. C. Clk. Navy Depart't.

No. 9.
NAVY DEPARTMENT, Nov. 5, 1836.
Sir,-I have received this morning, from the
Commissioners of the Navy Board, a copy of a let-
ter to them of the 31st ultimo, in which you say,
that your continuance in command of the South
Sea Exploring Expedition, is so equivocal at pre-
sent as to render it doubtful whether you can, with
due respect to the Secretary of the Navy, exercise
any further control over the outfits of that expedi-
tion, until he shall finally decide certain points in
relation to the officers of the expedition.
As to the appointments of Lieutenants Slidell
and Wilkes, I thought 1 had been sufficiently ex-
plicit. As also as it respects the appointment of
Master Commandant Armstrong,Lieutenants Tatt-
nal and Dornin. Lieut.Dornin is already ordered to
the store ship, and it is intended speedily to appoint
Master Commandant Armstrong, Lieuts. Tatnall
and Slidell. The decision as to Lieut. Wilkes will
be postponed until his return.
The ships for the Exploring Expedition are now
all launched, and a speedy decision as to the course
you will pursue is desired.
I am, with great respect, your ob't servant,
M. DICKERSON.
Capt. THOSE. AP C. JONES.
True copy. JOHN BOYLE, C. Clerk.
January 12, 1837.

No. 10.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 7, 1836.
SIR: I have had the lionor to receive your let-
ter of the 5th inst. relating to commanders of the
vessels preparing for the South Sea Surveying and
Exploring Expedition.
From the tenor of that letter, I must suppose that
I.misunderstood the President's conversation with
me in July, when first invited to the command.
I believed I was authorized to select the officers for
all the ships and vessels, or 1 certainly should not
have proposed the names of any, and for the rea-


who is not Mr. Slidls seenior and equal, not to say
superior, in seamanship. Lieut. Glynn, and sev-
eral other applicantO, who have, as I understand,
your confidence, are also his seniors. I would pro.
pose, then, that those officers already named by
both of us, be all ordered to the expedition, and let
them take place on sie ion according to their relatix s
iank in the navy. In this position, Mr. Slidell
being relieved from the responsibility and care,
which devolve on the man to whom the fate of a
ship and crew are committed, would have more
leisure, and certainly more mental freedom, to give
to observation, and to the narrative of the adven-
tures of the voyage, for which his habits, taste, and
acquirements, peculiarly qualify him, and which it
is understood brim your chief object in connecting
him with the expedition'. To this arrangement,
I suppose Mr. Slidell would himself scarcely ob-
ject.
His.-ust regard for the rights of others, forbids
the supposition that he would wish to supersede
his superiors in rank, and his equals, at least, in
seamanship and professional acquirements. To
supersede them, upon the score of his literary at-
tainments, would be to sacrifice the essentials in
such service to extraneous and questionable quali-
fications. He can write as well, if not better, as
one of the lieutenants of a ship, for in that capacity
he will have much more leisure time; and, as be-
fore stated, his mind will be disburdened with the
(at all times) anxious cares of a commander. But
if the man of erudition is preferred to the man of
action, in such a voyage, the ship, the writer, and
the writing, all may be lost, as in the case of the un-
fortunate La Peyrouse ; and science as well as the
public good be sacrificed by placing the rudder of
the expedition in the hands of one whose prominent
merit is that of wielding the pen. Besides, if liter-
ary, and not professional, qualifications are given
preference in such a great nautical undertaking as
the one in contemplation, what becomes of the
spirit of the navy, that imparts the bold and hardy
character, which must be cherished to bring suc-
cess to enterprise and victory to our'flag ? If the
writing of amusing books on manners and fashions
is to give grade, is to humble senior officers below
their juniors, is to make the nautical skill and ex-
perience which are looked to for high daring and
successful deeds, give way to the talent that is bet-
ter qualified to record than enact them, it would
seem to me that the very soul which should animate
a rising navy would be extinguished.
These considerations, connected with the indis-
persable point that there should be perfect con-
fidence and sympathy of feeling, design, and inter-
est, between the principal commander and his aids
commanding separate vessels, will, I trust, incline
you to adopt the arrangements I have suggested.
I am willing to relinquish the privilege accorded,
to appoint the officers of my own ship, if this be
adopted, and will take any of the junior applicants
in my own ship to whose lot it may fall, under the
rule 1 have proposed, giving station according to
rank and seniority, (if fit to command.) I can make
up any deficienciesI may discover, or fear, at any
time, on board my own ship; but in another vessel,
in tne hands of one either incompetent or unwilling,
this cannot be done. I hope, sitr, you will construe
this letter as I desire it to be understood, a sugges-
tion, which may open the way to a speedy recon-
ciliation of every conflicting opinion, and place the
officering of the expedition upon the principles I
have ever looked to, fitness of persons, rank, and
seniority of commission. And if the subject has
been referred to the President, I respectfully ask
that this letter may be also submitted for his pe-
rusal. --
I have the honor to be, with due respect, your
obedient servant,
(Signed) THOu. AP CATESBY JONES.
Hon. MAHLON DICKERSON,
Secretary of the Navy,
P. S. This letter was prepared before I received
the communication of the Hon. Secretary of the
Navy, of this date, which would seem to supersede
the necessity of a reply to the Hon. Secretary's se-
cond letter, of the 5th inst. Nevertheless, I respect-
fully desire that the foregoing letter may be receiv-
ed as a manifestation of my sincere desire to meet
the views of the Heon. Secretary of the Navy,'in all
measures connected with the exploring expedition.
T. AP. C. JONES.

No. 11.
NAvr DEPARTMENT, Nov. 7, 1836.
Sir: Anxious as I am to secure the services of
Lieuts. Slidell and Wilkes, upon the South Sea
Exploring Expedition, yet perhaps it would be an
act of injustice to them, to place them under your
immediate command, knowing as I do the opinion
you entertain of them; neither of them, therefore,
will have command urd" you in this expedition.
You have name& ..Bll a.nd Lieut. Pmnkham
for the command of thlwi smaller vessels. Lieut.
Pinkham has declined. I will thank you to name
an officer to take command of the schooner.
And I will also thank you to name the lieuten-
ants, midshipmen, and petty officers you wish or-
dered to the squadron.
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
M. DICKIERSON.
Capt. THos. AP. C. JONES, U. S. Navy.
True copy :; JHN BOYLE, Chief Clerk.
Jan. 12, 1837.

JJFrom the Globe of January 18th.] ,
Messrs. BLAIR AND RIVES.
In your Globe of the 16th instant, there appears
an address from Corn. Thomas Ap Catesby Jones
to the public, with a correspondence between that


officer and myself, respecting the appointment of
the commanding officers of the South Sea Survey-
ing and Exploring Expedition, which demands a
reply on my part.
Commodore Jones complains of the publication
by Lieutenant Slidell, in the Army and Navy
Chronicle of the first day of the last month, of two
letters, containing his objections to the appoint-
ment of that officer as the commander of one of the
smaller vessels of the exploring expedition ; copies
of which letters, by the permission of Commodore
Jones, had been given to Lieutenant Slidell. But
he supposes that other letters upon this subject
were communicated to Lieutenant Slidell, which
had been withheld ; and, of the two published, he
says: "Neither of these present the final position
assumed by me in my correspondence with the Se-
cretary. They only show the grounds taken by
me in urging my objections upon him. They show
nothing of the concessions made by me-the total
surrender of my personal wishes to those of the Se -
cretary," &c.
Lieutenant Slidell published all the letters, co-
pies of which were sent to him, without mutilation
or alteration. He cannot, therefore, be fairly charg-
ed with withholding letters he never possessed, nor
of garbling those he published ; and a plain state-
ment of facts will show that I communicated to
Lieut. Slidell, in the copies of the two letters alrea-
dy mentioned, all thathe called for, being those con-
taining allegations against him, and upon which he
had been excluded from all command in the explor-
ing expedition.
From the moment this expedition was authorized
by Congress, I considered that, as its dangers, fa-
tigues, and hardships:were to be borne by the offi-
cers of the navy, they, ought to participate largely
in its advantages andionors; and that in all cases
in which, from theiriliterature and science, they
were competent to tiLtask of promoting the great
objects of the expedi ton, they were to be prefer-
red to citizens equally competent, but not subject
to like responsibilities And especially I consider-
ed that a narrative ofithe voyage of the expedition
should be written by one of our naval officers, if
we have one equal to he task, who, on professional
grounds, might be considered, especially by the
officers of the navy, as more apDrooriatelv to be


My rule, in making i detail 0? officers for this
expedition, was to appoint none against whom
Commodore'Jones might have well founded ob-
jections, and this was in accordance with the views
of the President; and Commodore Jones is mis-
taken if, in his conversations with the President or
myself, he considered that more than this was con-
ceded to him. Indeed, to have conceded more,
was to have surrendered my iight of appointing
the officers.
I considered the objections stated in this letter as
not well founded and the allegation that no cap-
tain called to the command that had been assigned
to him, would, if left untrammelled in his selection,
ever have thought of either of those officers as
commanders, I considered as unjust to the profes-
sional character and standing of those offices ; and
that his objections to the employment of Lieu enant
ylidell in any capacity on the expedition, must
arise from some consideration not immediately con-
nected with the circumstance of his being a junior
officer.
My answer to this letter was of the 31st of Au-
gust, and is marked No. 5 in the printed corres-
pondence.
This drew from Commodore Jones his letter of
the 2d of September, No. 6 of the printed corre-
spondence, in which he goes more into detail in his
objections to these officers. He oLjects to both of
them as junior officers, and to Lieutenant Slidell
he objects as historian of the expedition, for rea-
sons which he seems to consider as conclusive, but
in which I could see but little force. And I am con-
fident that the officers of the navy, as well as the
public, will approve of my decision in favor of
Lieutenant Slidell.
I knew that a gentleman, not belonging to the
navy, who had exerted much influence in bringing
this subject to the favorable consideration of don-
gress, had been recommended as historiographer of
the expedition, and that Commodore Jones placed
in him the most implicit confidence. To this cir-
cumstance I could not but impute some portion of
his decided opposition of Lieutenant Slidell as the
historian of the voyage,
Commodore Jones, in his address to the public,
says that the appointment of Lieutenant Slidell to
the command of one of the smaller vessels, must
necessarily have excluded all the 107 lieutenants
who are his seniors in rank, from all lot or part in
this expedition. This is a very grave charge, and
formidable in appearance; but in appearance only.
The appointment of Lieutenant Slidell could not
have excluded from all lot or part in this expedi.
tion, any lieutenants, except such as might be em-
ployed on such expedition; and but a very small
part of these 107 lieutenants could be so employed.
Lieutenant Crowninshield has been selected by
Commodore Jones for the command of the schooner
Pilot, one of the vessels of the squadron. His com-
mission is of the same date as that of Lieut. Slidell,
to wit: the 13th of January, 1825 ; and he stands
on the Register no more than twenty above Lieut.
Slidell; so that the appointment of Lieut. Slidell
could exclude no more than those twenty from all
lot and part in the expedition. Further: Commo-
dore Jones selected Lieutenant Alexander B. Pink-
ham for the command of one of the smaller vessels.
A better selection could not be rtade ; and he is
only three above L:eutenant Slidell. So that, by
this selection, Commodore Jones would, according
to this logic, have excluded all but three of this 107
lieutenants from all lot and part in the expedition ;
and as these three, it is believed, neither ask or
wish for these appointments, no injustice would
have been done to them by the appointment of
Lieutenant Slidell.-Lieutenant Pinkham declined
thile appointment. Then, I would ask, how Com-
modore Jones could object to Lieutenant Slidell, on
the ground of his being a junior officer, when no
such objection was thought of as it respected Lieut.
Pinkham ? Commodore Jones's letter of the 2d of
September, I answered by mine of the 12th of that
month, marked 7 in the printed correspondence, in
which I endeavored to obviate his objections, and
concluded with saying that I would not appoint
either Lieutenants Slidell or Wilkes, until I should
know the will of the President upon the subject.
The President, on his return to Washington, ap-
proved of the appointment of Lieutenants Slidell
and Wilkes, as soon as it should be necessary to de-
tail the officers for the squadron. I waited, with
a hope that Commodore Jones would waive his ob-
jections to these officers, until the 7lh of November,
when all the ships for the expedition were launched,
and the officers to command them appointed, except
two; and convinced that any further efforts on my
part to remove the objections to these officers, par-
ticularly to Lieutenant Slidell, would be hopeless;
and, in fact, considering that it would be an act of
injustice to themselves to appoint them under such
circumstances ; and, also, fearing that further delay
in making the appointments might be considered as
retardini the preparations for the expedition, there-
by interfering with the will of Congress, and dis-
appointing public expectation, I relinquished my
undoubted right to appoint those officers, as I had
intended to do ; and by my letter of that date, 1 in-
formed Commodore Jones of my decision, and that
neither of those officers would be appointed to a
command on the expedition.
This narrative, taken in connection with the cor-
respondence as published by Commodore Jones, af-
fords a succinct history of the circumstances which
led to the exclusion of Lieutenants Siidcll 'nd
Wilkes from commandson this expedition. Lieut.
Slidell felt deeply wounded by this decision; and
as it was known to his brother officers that he had
been selected for the command of one of the smaller
vessels, his exclusion was calculated to injure his


professional character and standing in the navy, un-
less he could give some satisfactory explanation of
decision that had been given against him. He re-
quested that he might have copies of the letters of
Commodore Jones containing allegations against
him, to which Commodore Jones, oir being consult-
ed, immediately assented. Copies of the letters of
the 22d of August, marked 4, and of the 2d of Sep-
tember, marked 6, in the printed correspondence in
the Globe of the 16th instant, with my answers,
were sent, and no others. These contained, as I
considered; all the allegations against Lieutenant
Slidell; all that Wvasasked for, and all that was ne-
cessary, to a fair understanding of the circumstances
that led to the selection of Lieut. Slidell, in the first
place, as the commander of one of the smaller ves-
sels of the expedition, and his final exclusion from
the same.
No copy of the letter of the 14th of September
upon the same subject and marked 8 in the printed
correspondence, was communicated to Lieut. Sli-
dell; and it will be found, on examination, to con-
tain no allegation or explanation not contained in
in the letters Nos. 4 and 6, necessary to a correct
understanding of the circumstances which led to
the decision against Leiut. Slidell.
As to the letter of the 7th of November, No. 10
of the printed correspondence, to which Comn.
Jones attaches much importance, it did not occur
to me that it came within the scope or meaning of
the request ofLieutenant Slidell to have copies of
the letters containing allegations against him, or
as being one of those to the communication ol
which Commodore Jones assented. The least in-
timation from him that a copy of this letter should
also be sent, would have been acceded to; but it
must be observed that this letter could not have
had the slightest effect in the decision made against
Lieutenant Slidell, as it was not sent to me until
Commodore Jones had been informed that this
question was settled, and that Lieutenant SITdell
was excluded from any command in the expedi-
tion. This appears by a postcript to the letter, in
which Commodore Jones seys, "Nevertheless, I
respectfully desire that the foregoing letter, may
be received as a manifestation of my sincere de-
sire to meet the views of the honorable Secretary
of the Navy. in all measures connected with the


lieutenant or a post captain. I am as ready to de-
fend the professional character of (om. Jones as
that of Lieut. Slidell.
Com. Jones has performed important services for
the country, which ought not to be forgotten. He
has taken occasion, and I think P very fair one, to
state a portion of his services in his address to the
public, and in which I think he claims nothing that
is not justly due to Ilis merits. I named him to the
President. as the officer to whom the command of
this expedition should be given. This I did because
I believed him every way competent to the task,
and because, from the routine of service, I thought
he had a fair claim to the command. The Presi-
dent had entire confidence in him, and directed that
the offer of the compnand should be made to him,
which was done; and I must do him the justice to
say, that since his selection for this command, he (
has exerted himself with great diligence and ener-
gy in superintending the building and equipping
the vessels of the squadron for sea, and in perform-
ing every duty on his part in promoting the views
of Congress, and the expectations of the public, in
fitting out the expedition. Much has been done;
and that we still want a considerable number of
seamen, is not the fault of Commodore Jones, but
is owing to circumstances not under his control.
The peculiar situation of the naval service for
the last ten months, will afford a satisfactory ex-
planation of the delay that has taken place in fit-
ting out this expedition. Haviug a large force on
the West India station, the exposed situation of
our commerce required that considerable addi-
tions should be made to that force. It was ne-
cessary to relieve the Pacific, as well as Brazilian
squadron; for all which more seamen have been
required than could be recruited, while an unusually
large number were wanted for the merchant ser-
vice. These objects it is hoped will be accom-
plished in a few weeks. The North Carolina has
completed her crew, and sailed for the Pacific sta-
tion. The Independence for the Brazilian station
has recruited the greater part of her crew ; and the
recruiting for the exploring expedition may soon be
prosecuted with much better prospect of success
than heretofore. The arrival of the Brandywine,
the Potomac, or the Peacock, with the Enterprise,
now all on their return to the United States, would
at once afford the opportunity of recruiting seamen
enough for the crews of all the vessels of the expe-
dition.
At present there is a partial suspension of the
preparations for fitting out the scientific corps of
the expedition, until the return of Lieut. Wilkes,
who left the United States on the 8th of August
last for Europe, for the purpose of purchasing in-
struments, books, maps, charts, &c. for the expedi-
tion. His return was expected more than a month
ago.
Although I differ essentially from Commodore
Jones as to the extent of force necessary for the
successful prosecution and termination of this sur-
veying and exploring expedition, yet I have given
all orders that I considered necessary for fitting it
out upon the extensive scale adopted ; and shall
continue to do so, if Congress make appropriations
agreeably to the estimates furnished for this object.
In the avowals which I have now made, I have
endeavored to do justice to Commodore Jones; and
they have been made the more freely, as, from his
letter of the 7th of November last, he evinces a
wish that a mutual confidence between us should
be restored, and which is necessary to a harmonious
action in promoting measures necessary for the suc-
cessful termination of this expedition.
I write under a pressure of official duties, and
may have omitted some points which should be
noticed in this communication.
MAHLON DICKERSON.
Washington, Jan. 19, 1837.

In my letter marked B, as published in the
Globe, this expression occurs: "If Lieut. Slidell
has been unjust to you in his comments, he is cen-
surable for that." T'he word I used was answerable.
The mistake no doubt was made in taking a copy
of the letter, and is of no importance.

To the Editors of the Globe :
Gentlemen,-Your paper of the 16th instant con-
tains a violent assault on my honor by Captain
Thomas ap Catesby Jones, commander of the Ex-
ploring Expedition, which left me no outlet of es-
cape from that degradation which he attempted to
fix upon me, but to hasten to this place in search of
the alternative which it seemed to be his object, by
the grossest insults, to provoke. On my arrival
here, I addressed to Capt. Jones the following let-
ter:
POLK'S, PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE, Jan. 21.
Sir,-I have the honor to address you for the
purpose of begging to be informed, how far you
consider yourself responsible tome for your violent
and unjust attack upon my honorin the Globe
newspaper of the 16th instant.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your
most obedient, ALEXANDER SLIDELL.
ToCommodore Thos. ap Catesby Jones.
To this letter I have today received the follow-
ing answer;:
NEAR PROSPECT HILL, VA., Jan. 23, 1837.
Sir,-Your very polite note of the 21st instant,
found me this morning confined to my room from
the effects of a severe accident.
Before I answer your interrogatory, "how far
you consider yourself responsible to me for your vio-
lent and unjust attack upon my honor in the Globe
newspaper of the 16th instant," I must take leave to
decline the assailant position you assign to me in
your note under consideration. I have made no


attack on you: you are the aggressor. It was you
that m.de a violent and unjust attack" upon my
character, by your publication in the Army and
Navy Chronicle of 1st December: to which I re-
plied in the Globe of the 16th instant. If in that
reply I have proved your premises false, and your
assertions untrue; it is what in self-defence I had a
perfect right to do, and at which you have no right
even to murmur. It was your own voluntary act,
that placed you in the dilemma in which you now
stand before-the public. I cannot acknowledge
myself in any degree or manner responsible to you.
Although I am, at any time, ready to substantiate,
before any tribunal authorized to examine witnesses
under oath, that your allegations against me, as set
forth in your comments, published in the Army
and Navy Chronicle, are false, and without suffi-
cient authority." Hence my exposure of your
course and character, as exemplified in my reply to
you in the Globe of the 16th instant, is just and
merited. When the controversy, into which, from
sheer desire to injure me, you have so unnecessarily
plunged yourself, was meditated by you, you pass-
ed by the laws of honor, and the rules which go-
vern chivalry, and appealed directly to the sym-
pathies of the public, without asking'any explana-
tion of me, which I was at all times, prior to your
publication in the Chronicle, ready to have given.*
Nay, more: under the pretext of self-defence, I
was violently assailed by you through the columns
of a newspaper, over your own name, and a garbled
correspondence was sent forth, to gve coloring to
your cause. You have done these things, and in
so doing, you have forfeited whatever claim you
might originally have had on me, and you must
now abide the verdict of that tribunal at whose bar
you stand self-arraigned.
I am, with due respect, &c.
THos. AP C. JONES.
Lieut. Alexander Slidell, U. S. N.
Situated as I now am, but two courses remain
for me to pursue. In appealing to a court martial
as accuser, and not as the accused, I have better
opinions than my own for the belief that I should
receive an ample measure of justice. This process
is long, vexatious, expensive to the Government,
and. deferring thep. nprnd when thla aotain .... ,


On this point I am fully dcCendod by the Secrctet
ry's publication, in the Globe of the 21st inst., from
which the following is extracted: "Lieut. Slidellt
published all the letters, copies cf which were sent
to hitm, without mutilation or alteration. He can-
not, therefore, be fairly charged with withholding
letters he never possessed, nor of garbling those he
published; and a plain statement of facts will show
that I communicated to Lieutenant Sl:dcll, in the
copies of the two letters already mentioned, all that
he called for, being those containing allegations a-
gainst him, and upon which lie had been excluded
from all command in the exploring expedition."-
The Secretary further continues: "The least inti--
mation from him (Com. Jones) that a copy of this
letter should also be sent, would have been acceded
to; but it must be observed that this letter could
not have had the slightest effect in the decision
made against Lieut. Slidell, a-s it was not sent to
me until Commodore Jones had been informed that
this question was settled, and that Lieut. Slidell
was excluded from any command in the expedi-
tion." With so ample a defence on this point, I
would not have retained what I had myself written;
but for the purpose of showing that this grave
charge was susceptible of being disproved by the
very document which embraced it.j
In this very letter of conciliation, sent only after
the matter was settled, and which Captain Jones
was so desirous that I should have received, he con-
veys, by implication, one of the grossest insults con-
tained in his whole publication :
If (says he) the writing of amusing books en
manners and fashions is to give grade, is to humble
senior officers below their juniors, is to make the
nautical skill and experience which are looked to
for high daring, and successful deeds, give way to
the talent that is better qualified to record than en-
act them, it would seem to me that the very soul I
which should animate a rising navy would be ex-
tinguished."
This assumption is not a little extraordinary. If I
Captain Jones thought that it would be flattering to
me, his modes of thinking must be very peculiar.
So far as I am concerned, I would claim nothing
for myself beyond a readiness to do what may be
becoming in an officer. Capt. Jones's historical
reading, which seems to be extensive, should have
shown him'that the capacity to describe "high
daring, and successful deeds," is not necessarily in-.
compatible with the power to perform them. Cte-
sar, while conquering Gaul, Britain, and Germany,
recorded his achievements in those Commentaries
which twenty centuries have stamped with their ;
approbation. Columbus not only discovered a new
world, but narrated his adventures in language as
simply unostentatious as his doings were lofty; t
and Captain Jones himself, having, as the navy is
proud to remember, most bravely and honorably K
upheld the banner of his country in conflict with
its enemies, has, in his late address, described what
he did and suffered in such glowing colors as the
occasion merited.
In the second place, Capt. Jones claims to have
convicted me of a direct violation of truth in the
passage of the introduction to the correspondence
where, in retorting his assertion, I am sure that
no Captain called to the command to which I have
been assigned, would, if untrammelled in his selec-
tion, ever have thought of naming either of the ''
above officers (Lieut. Wilkes and myself) as com-
manders," I took occasion to say as follows: "What i
Captain Jones then has applied to me without suf-
ficient authority, I may, without the danger of a
like mistake, refer back to himself: and I may say,
in his own words, that, no Secretary of the Navy
' would, if untrammelled in his selection,' ever have
thought of naming Captain Junes to the command
of this expedition."
This evident expression of a private opinion by
way of retort for Captain Jones'sfgratuitous and un-
authorised assertion, understood as a private opi-
nion, and as a retort by the Secretary of the Navy,
and, doubtless, by every one else, except Captain
Jones; this latter has the ingenuity to twist into
an assertion that I made the statement with refer-
ence to him "not without sufficient authority, and
without doinger of mistake." He even goes'so far
as to transfer my words from the portion of the
sentence referring to myself, to the portion of the
sentence referring to him, and palpably to mis-
quote them, while marking them as true quotations
as given above. This passage of "' not without
sufficient authority" is thus misquoted by him in
two separate places. And in a third place, refer-
ring to this expression of opinion concerning him,
he makes me "declare that it is done upon 'suffi-
cient authority,' without danger of mistake."
This opinion, then, was, as the Secretary says,
"hazarded by me upon my own authority." It
was an opinion based upon the standard of quali-
fictions for such a command which Captain Jones
had himself established. He had established that
nauttical experience and skill, and niit-betles~ltttreIs
attainments, were the proper qualifications for com-
manders of the inferior exploring vessels. 1, having
been more than twenty-one years in the navy, and
half of that time attached to cruising ships, was not
deemed by Captain Jones to possess the necessary
nautical experience for the command of one of the
inferior vessels under his orders. Was there any
thing unreasonable, then, or, when thus taunted,ex- t
traordinary, in my hazarding an opinion of the little
likelihood, under ordinary circumstances, of an offi- '
eer being selected for thu chief command of such an
expedition, whose nautical experience was some-
what less than ha If of my own ?
Even considering the opinion which I thus ha-
zarded a mistaken one, as the Secretary's publica-
tion supposes it, I am still in at least as enviable a


predicament, with reference to it, as he is with re-
ference to his assertion, I am sure that no captain ;
called to the command to which I have been assign-
ed, would, if untrammelled in his selection, ever
have thought of naming" either Lieut. Wilkes or
myself as commanders. This assertion is positive-
ly disproved by the Secretary of the Navy, whoa
says: "I find, on consulting some of the old cap-
tains, that they differ from you in opinion, and I
think you do those officers injustice." Here is an
assertion of Captain Jones, concerning which he ex-
presses himself to be "sure," directly contradicted
by the persons on whose behalf he volunteered it :
and yet I never thought of charging Capt. Jones, as,
if I had been as little scrupulous as he in the bestqw-
al of epithets, I might have done, with a-direct "vio-
lation of truth."
It may not be unworthy of remark in this place,
that after the captains, consulted by the Secretary,
had so fully repudiated this opinion, volunteered
for them by Capt. Jones, this latter, in his letter of
the 14th September, again insists that the opinion
he volunteered for them is the true one, I t must
nevertheless adhere to my original opinion, that no
captain, himself fit to command, if retaining the
least particle of esprit du corps, or just regard to
equal merit, and faithful and longer service, would
ever have thought of selecting either of the two offi-
cers above named, to the total exclusion of the 107
and 118 seniors, who rank them on the official Re-
gister of thle present year." The amount of Capt.
Jones's assertion is, either that the captains whom
the Secretary consulted did not express their real
opinions, with which he was better acquainted than
they, or else that they are not fit to command.-
There are many captains in the navy whose kind
feelings and favorable opinion I am most proud to
possess. They heve deemed me worthy of a com-
mand inthis expedition, and wished that I might
obtain it. These are, one and all, placed by Capt.
Jones's assertion in the same predicament with
those whom the Secretary had consulted. --.
With reference to this opinion hazarded by me,
concerning Capt. Jones' unfitness for the command,
I most deeply regret tbat the temptation to a justi-
fiable retort, when smarting under outrage, should
have betrayed me into what might seem a disres-







, ,
ceitved -nd that it mayYrcdotrd alike to the hon
and advantage of the country. In reply to tl
rh arge thus brought against me of being willing
sacrifice this national enterprise, I will content m
raself with quoting a passage from the Secretary
!eiLer of the 26th December, addressed to Capta
*. ( Tones.
B 7y persevering in your opposition to him, yo
i aried your point of excluding him from the con
L^ o"mand of one of the smaller vessels of the exped
tion, to which I had determined to p point him,ar
-hat with the approbation of the President of ll
lUnited States. I reluctantly assented to his Lxcli
-f ; /ion, rather than put a stop to the preparations fi
j' '* the expedition, which seemed to be your purpose, s
\ far as you were concerned, unless you were gratified
.in this particular."
S I have thus, for my own sake, not less than thl
: tof the profession to which it is my greatest honor t
Belong, freed myself from the pollution of these in
Famous charges, and torn away the badges" wit
i 'hch it was attempted to decorate me. Trustin
hat I now stand forth in my original attitude
ect, unsullied and unimpeached, I shall briefly, it
iclusion, bring the question between Capt. Jone
I myself back to its original issue. His mail
v action to my appointment to the command o
S tof the exploring vessels was my alleged want o
J:rofessional experience. He asserted that I hac
een "comparatively little" sea-service; and alsi
that 1 had seen less than the Rev. Mr. Stewart
thus introducing into the controversy the name of
highly accomplished and talented gentleman, whosi
services, in his peculiar vocation, are properly ap-
t preciated. The letter in answer to Captain Jones'i
allegations, in which I disprove his statements anc
,-i show them to be unfounded, though the courtesy
with which I wrote induced me to acquit him of in.
I tentional misstatement, has not been published by
him. In that letter it is shown that in men-of-wal
alone, I, who, as Captain Jones says, "had th(
.4j ambition to command a separate ship," had seen
( twice as much sea-service as Captain Jones, whc
was to command the whole expedition. This
charge, which my reputation was so involved in re-
pelling, was completely disproved in my letter to
the Secretary of the Navy. The charge is pub-
lished at full length, when shown to be unfounded,
without explanation or retraction, whilst ray re-
h joinder finds no place in Captain Jones's publica-
tion; and yet he accuses me of "a violation of all
'/ Lthe principles of justice and fair-dealing," because
\. took no notice of a fact with which I was wholly
-(- unacquainted.
With reference to that passage in which Captain
Jones, for the simple sake doubtless of debasing me,
so modestly likens himself to the discoverer of this
western world in which these mad antics are per-
forming, I will only say, in my own defence, that
had I gone upon the expedition, 1 would have been
as little likely to imitate the part of the threacher-
ous Pinzons," as he to revive the example of Co-
lumbus. ALEXANDER SLIDELL.
Washington, Jan. 25, 1837.
This controversy closes here on my part; nor
will I, under any circumstances, be tempted to re-
new it. A. S.

I considered myself professionally aggrieved,
but in no respect personally insulted by Captain
Jones's original proceedings.
; Extraordinary as it may seem, the charge of
garbling is again repeated in Captain Jones's letter
"' of the 23d January.

NEW YORK AMERICAN.
i THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY 2, 18 37.


\" Office, 74 Cedarstreet, two doors from Broadway.

THE EXPUNGED RESOLUTION.
The following Resolution was passed by the
Senate of the United States on the 28th day of
March, 1834 :
RESOLVED, THAT THE PRESIDENT, IN THE LATE
S EXECUTIVE PROCEEDINGS IN RELATION TO THE
PUBLIC REVENUE, HAS ASSUMED UPON HIMSELF
AUTHORITY AND POWER NOT CONFERRED BY THE
CONSTITUTION AND LAWS, BUT IN DEROGATION OF
BOTH.
The Senators who voted for this resolution
were-
MEURs. BIBB, BLACK, CALHOUN, CL AY,
i CLAYTON, EWING, FREL[NGHUYSEN,
KENT, KNIGHT, LEIGH, MANGUM,
NAUDAIN, POINDEXTER, PORTER,
\ PRENTISS, PRESTON, ROBBINS, SILS-
\,tBEE, SMITH, SOUTHARD, SPRAGUE,
( SWIFT, TOMLINSON. TYLER, WAGGA-
\MAN, and WEBSTER-26.
Now lodk at the names of the Expungers--or as,
1. cLt L-mt. of their- proceeding, they -were called
by Mr. Clay, the "Black Knights"--black with
Their own inftmy.


The resolution of March, 1834, be it remember-
ed, was adopted by the votes of 26 Senators out of
48-an absolute majority of four.
The expunging process was voted by 24 Sena-
tors out of 50--an absolute minority of tw1o.
To the end that these things may be permanent-
ly fixed on the public mind, we shall keep this ex.
position standing until the 4th March next, when
the dishonored Senate will cease to sit.
. I. W.
T'ii SOUTH lSEA EXPEDITION, &c. & c.-A very
large portion of our columns is devoted to th(
controversy occasioned by the objection made by
Captain Jones-selected to command this Expedi
tion-to the appointment ordered by the Presiden
and the Secretary of the Navy, of Lieut. Slidell t(
the command of one of the barques.
The length to which this matter already extends
precludes much comment on our part-and w
must content ourselves, therefore, with barely indi
eating what seem to us* the conclusions to be draw
from the whole affair.
In the first place, we consider Mr. Slidell as the a g
grieved party-for that,being selected foran honorable
and responsible command, by the Secretary of th
Navy, with the sanction of thie President, he was-
if Captain Jones's notion of the confidential natur
of his correspondence with the Department be cor
rect--by secret objections to his skill and compel
tency as a sailor, to be put aside. But the s nse c
justice of the Secretary revolted at this idea ot
confidential correspondence, that was, in effect, t
destroy the prospects, and blight the reputation, of
meritorious young officer, and he accordingly ap
prised Mr, Slidell of the objections to him-objet
tions, against which the Secretary zealously vind
cated him indeed, but in the end, with inconceivab


br tinct charges pireferred by the daptaid against MI
lI Slidell: 1st, that want of seamanship disqualifie,
y. Mr. S. for a command. But Mr. 8, proved that th
's periods of his actual experience and service at sei
in were more than double those of Captain Jones--s
that, if the Captain was fit for the chief command
- Mr. S. could not, on that score, be unfit for,
i-. subordinate one.
id 2d. The Captain charges Mr. S. with garbling
4e the correspondence. But the explanatory letter o
U- the Secretary of the Navy establishes that Mr. S
so did not garble the correspondence, but that he pub
ad lished all that was communicated to him.
at 3.d. The Captain ascribes Mr. S.'s publication to
to a desire to defeat the Expedition. But Mr. S
3- clearly shows that it was solely in vindication of his
h own character-sought to be undermined by dela-
g tions intended to be secret-that he made his appea 1.
e But it is quite remarkable that to the three char-
s ges thus preferred without, and against, proof,
n against Mr. Slidell, Capt. Jones is himself obnox-
-f ious. Take then in succession :
j)" Want of seamanship.-If to be objected to Lieut.
3 Slidell, after from ten to twelve years service at sea,
; it must lie more forcibly against Capt. Jones, whose
a sea service scarcely exceeds five years.
e Garbling Correspondence.-Mr. Slidell is exone-
6 rated by the express testimony of the Secretary of
I the Navy; but Capt. Jones, by withholding from
T his publication the letter of Mr. S. to the Secretary
V of the Navy, refuting the charges contained in those
of the Captain to the Secretary, which letters are
e given, does garble the correspondence.
An attempt to defeat the Exploring Expedition.- Of
thi' no particle of evidence exists as against Mr.
Slidell; but as against Capt. Jones himself, we
have this evidence extracted from the letter of 26th
December, 1836, from the Secretary of the Navy to
Capt. Jones:
"I reluctantly assented to his exclusion, (Lieut.
Slidell's) rather than put a stop to the preparations
for the Expedition, which seemed to be your purpose,
as far as you was concerned, unless you were grati-
fied in this particular."
The passage we have italicised above, seems to
bring home pretty directly to Capt. Jbries, the
charge hazarded by him, without proof or proba-
bility, against Lieut. Slidell.
Of the evasion in the Captain's publication, of
the main charge originally relied on-the want of
seamanship of Mr. Slidell-there needs no proof
to any one who reads attentively. Other reasons
indeed are attempted-the literary talent of Mr. S.
-his number on the list of lieutenants, &c. &c.; but
of his want of seamanship, or of Capt. J.'s posses-
sion of it, there is little or nothing said.
We cannot dismiss this part of the subject with-
out adverting briefly to the somewhat vainglorious
tone in which, when setting forth his services at
New Orleans, Cap!ain Jones describes as "des.
operate the resistance he made in frail vessels"
on "a forlorn hope," to the English forces-to the
self complacent comparison insinuated between
himself and Columbus !-and those' last, not least, to
tihe lachrymose twaddle about his sufferings when
wounded and a prisoner;" about "long, arduous
and dangerous' service in the Gulf of Mexico;"
about "diseases of the climate, pirates and assas-
sins," &c. &c.-as if all these were not dangers,
that by the acceptance of his commission, an officer
binds himself cheerfully and fearlessly to meet.
The Secretary's letter, called forth by Captain
Jones's publication, excites pity and almost con-
tempt.
The head of a department truckling to a subor-
dinate, is a spectacle discreditable to the individual
and injurious to the service.
The final publication of Mr. Slidell is alike man-
ly and modest. Having sought in vain the alter-
native, which he supposed his superior officer aimed
to provoke, he replies to the letter of Captain Jones
declining to meet him and reiterating, mostunwor-
thilyy ag it- aw t~o~.i al sij nteviiu e'tharpCP--
with great self-possession-with a brief and con-
elusive summary of the evidence in his own behalf
-and consequently with decisive effect.
The public voice-we cannot be mistaken In say-
ing-is universally with him; and the voice of his
brother officers may be safely inferred from the fact
announced on Tuesday, of his appointment, at the
request of Capt. J. B. .N'icholson, to the first lieu-
tenancy of thle U. S. ship Independence.
It is proper before taking leave of this subject to
state, that in consequence of Mr. Reynolds having,
in a card addressed to Mr. Slidell, through the
Times of 13th December, denied the charge implied
against him in Mr. Slidell's first publication, that


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gentleman withdrew the charge in the fullest man-
ner. As, however, Mr. Reynolds' denial was ex-
pressed in terms that were susceptible of an offen-
sive interpretation, Mr. Slidell reserved to himself
the right of calling upon Mr. Reynolds to do him
the same justice which had been done to him. On
the return of Mr. Reynolds to town, the whole mat-
ter was adjusted in a manner-equally honorable to
both parties. This explanation is made injustice to
Mr. Reynolds, and at the request of Mr. Slidell, con-
sequent upon our announcement, in yesterday's pa-
per, of an intention to republish the whole corres-
pondence.

r THE CLIMAX.-We find copied into the Na-
- tional Intelligencer, from the Boston Advocate, the
t Editor of which paper is in Washington, and there-
o fore probably cognizant of the accuracy of the an-
ecdo:e he relates, this edifying climax to the Ex-
5, punging process of the services :
e THE EXPUNGING PEN.-A little anecdote is re-
- lated at Washington, which is worth recording.-
The night the expunging resolution was carried in-
n to effect in the Senate, Mr. BEN TON, the persevering
mover of that measure, sent to the President the pen
- used by the Clerk of the Senate, in drawing around
e and across, the black lines, and writing the words
Expunged by order of the Senate." It wasa new
e pen that had never been used for any other purpose.
- The President received it with much pleasure, and
e informed Mr. B. that he should preserve it while he
_ lived, and at his death bequeath it to XMr. Benton a. a
mark of his regard."
f We suggest that the boots, which at a former day
the President received as a present, and promised
to hang up as a mirror," to stimulate him to future
efforts in behalf of his country-should give way
to, or at least share the reflecting and stimulating
honors with, this pen, and that both be bequeathed
i- to Mr. Benton, as a mark of the regard" of the
le man who, having failed on a well known occasion
tro nfte ;imt t-lrke hi. rPe, ,ro hIw v irndIri;n


Drawbacks to be allowed on iron imported for
the construction of the hulls of iron steamboats, or
the duty, if paid, refunded on iron so applied. Pro-
vided, that the duty on engines, boilers, and other
steam apparatus is not exempt.
Articles imported in the interim, previous to the
operation of the act, may be bonded until the 30th
of June, if deposited in original packages, &c., as
imported. .
What ca-n Ietf i urgent necessity for taking on~
the duty on Barley when no other grain is exempt-
ed, is amongst its other singularities? Can it be,
that the-poor !-Albany Brewers have got their
fingers into the Regency! So, however, it is,
their raw material, with bricks and tiles, is favored
and included-possibly to tickle up the KNICKER-
BOCKERS also.
I repeat, there is not the slightest idea that any
bill of the kind will be passed this session.
The abolition subject, and the order taken with
petitions, has brought more delay to the public bu-
siness than any other subject, as yet. Mr. Adams,
you will have seen, still advocates-undaunted-the
right of petition, and of having petitions read ; and
by his per severance, and the perplexities into which
the House have involved themselves, I doubt not
that he will finally succeed. He has, in fact, al-
ready made them rescind their order, by compelling
them to carry out their principles further than was
designed by the abettors of the resolution.
Amongst the incidents of the day, the condemiiaa-
tion by the merchants, of all parties, passed upon
Cambreleng, for his cavalier treatment of their lpe
tions for a national bank, was not the least. When
Mr. Granger presented a memorial for this obj ect
from New York, and alluded to the hostility evinc -.d
by the Committee of Ways and Means, Mr. C. was
evidently nettled at it, and the manner in which he'
was passed by, and sneeringly suggested to his col--
league,, that he ought to ask for reference a Select.
Committee, rather than to send it--where Mr. G_
proposed-to the Committee on Commerce; being,
as Mr. C. said, a committee where the commercial
community would have his (Mr. G.'s) aid in di-
gesting a subject of such vast importance!
Mr. Granger did not let this pass, and was pro-
ceeding to retort, when, as 'twas not in order to de-
bate a petition on the day of its presentation, his
remarks were arrested; and Mr. Sutherland not
liking the motion to send it to his own committee,
to be placed in charge of a bill of this character, he
followed out the intimation of Mr. Cambreleng, by
a motion to raise a select committee. Mr. Gran-
ger said he had no objection, since his colleague
seemed to think inquiry into the present state of
e currency and exchange, contrasted with what it
had been so recently, unworthy of his attention.-
All this would have been a good joke for a year,
if the random shot for a select committee had told !
e The House, on second and better thoughts, pre-
ferred the motion submitted by Mr.Granger.
The Senate have the specie bill and the land bill


NORFOLK.-Gen. Santa Anna e'ived at Norfolk Uc
from Baltimore on Sunday morni last. Colonel
W
Almonte, his aid, came in companwith him. The Br
Mexican President and suite will i1 forVera Cruz be
in the U. S. ship Pioneer, under le command of
Lieut. Tatnall, with all possible dpatch. D
The U. S. barque Pioneer, Lint Com. Tatnall, e
was toweddown toHampton IKoaonWednesday aii
-.,- "* !-- -' i=rrr- i "" ., i -i .i .
to proceed to sea the first fair wt.
Mr. Powhattan Ellis, our latedinister to Mexi- PO
co, reached Norfolk also on Sunty. str
ap
[From the Baltimore atriot& ea
FROM TAMPA BA.--Extract4f a letter from a
distinguished officer of our Na, dated Tampa th;
Bay, Jan. 3, 1837, to a friend in itimore. bu
For the last two weeks w i ave been con- "tr
stantly engaged, and the prospecchead does not se'
promise much leisure. For the lai two weeks we an
have been employed in fitting outxpeditions, and th
preparing for our part in the Senrjole campaign;
-it is likely to prove a stirring t4j difficult busi- si(
ness. Gen. Jesup visited ourshipi few days since so
and had an interview with Copodore Dallas, TI
when a plan of co-operation w? adopted. Our
sailors are to garrison the diffcet posts in this C'
wild and lonely country. Thr--parties have al- bi
ready left the ship fur that purpm ; fifty men un-
der Lieut. Bell, of the St. Louis,AfL this ship a few "
days since and are now in garrisi at Fort Clinch, tra
on the far-famed Wythlacoochee-fifty marinesand pi
sailors under Lieut, Hunter of thNavy, and Lieut.
Waldron of the Marine Corps,left at the same bi
time in the Steamboat Major-4tsl for Chrystal in
River, where a party of Indiansae said to be.
We expect to hear from them sooiT One hundred its
and fifty men under Lieut. Adams,iave charge of of
Fort Brooke, and Lieut. Leib, wvithabout sixty, al
protects Fort Foster, about tweity-fre miles from
Fort Brooke, on the Hillsboro River.-So you per-
ceive we are scattering fast. We ate, however, ti
daily expecting here the St. Lmis, the Vandalia,
and the Natchez Sloops of War;tthen our force will w
amount to upwards of one thousand men. It is
thought the Indians have fled fromthe Wylhlacoo- r'
chee to the Everglades. The Comnodore has plan- it
ned a fortified boat, for the purpose of penetrating
these formidable fastnesses--she i to carry forty S
xnen, and all the mateMials for th expedition on o
'boavd,-will not draw more than tn inches. Seve- R
ral of these boats are now being costructed by the H
Scarpentter of our ship-when all is n readiness, a
formidable expedition will set out mder the Com-
meodore: I expect to go with it.
The squadron will, in all probability, rendezvous
here for the winter. Gen. Jesupj,)k up his line t
of marchon Sunday the 1st instar, i.hbis expedi-
tion tothe Wythlacoochee, about bree weeks since,
he captured forty negroes. The ndians are brave
and desperate, and the country higriy favorable for C
their method of defence. It is the tildestand most r
inaccessible country I have ever sesi, interspersed
with innumerable swamps and hapimocks; in such
positions they shelter themselves aitIoot out rou V
down as they would deer. It ismei holytothink
how many gallant fellows have fal1 ia ineffectual
attempts to dislodge them ; for valo nd skill have
proved abortive against enemiesshl tered by im-
pregnable barriers of nature's foringo-who live
in morasses hitherto tenanted alone Ay alligators.
They dwell amid
"Tangled juniper, beds of reed.i
-A _, C.- -b__- >L- -I+ ramI


oiokaa6s.0--Our Postscript yesterday lefi ttih e` ",had heard reproaches thirbibn Jut to those of that
hate sitting. They finally passed in Committdde-of 'party, who did not support this measure, The
the Whole, Mr. Walker's Land Bill-which, with country had a right, he said, to understand some-
the amendments, was reported 'to the Senate and thing more on this-something of the arrangement.
ordered to be printed. The Senate adjourned at Who had the power to make it, when was it -offer.
six o'clock. ed, and by what assurance, by what authority, the
So far as we can understand the bill in its present public interest was to be sacrificed for illegitimate
shape, it gives the whole public domain up to squat- objects? The same reproaches were uttered by
ters, by continuing the pre-emption clause, party men in another hall, for not going all length,.
Indeed, a motion to confine its provisions to cit- on subjects connected with the pubiic.domain He
zens of the United States, was only carried by a vote had expected the Senators from Virginia would
of 24 to 21. Even this, in thie Senate, may be over- have been the last to support a preposition which,
ruled, and then our fair and broad lands may be- to their State, more than any other State in the
come the prey of the wanderers, paupers, and out- Union, must be a matter to astonish, when it was
casts of all Europe. recollected by her, that this rich domain was grant-
But party wills it, and party looks neither before ed for the common benefit of the whole, not a part,
nor after. of the Union. Mr. Sevier presumed this allusion
was to what he had said on a former bill as to '; as-
WASHINGTON, Monday night, surances."
Mr. Wright's bill to reduce the revenue to the What he then had reference to, was the assu-
wants of the government, is part and parcel of the rance contained in what he deemed the best of nes-
make believe desire, which he and his leader have sages,-the veto on the Land Bi!l,-in which
to carry it this session it was proclaimed that the true policy of the Go-
vernment, was to grant to the people the public
I may say to the hon. Senator, that it has been lands, at a price to defray the mere expense of
matter of special wonder, that he could have pre- surveying them ; he had also reference to he de- u
served the general gravity of' his deportment when claration of Mr. Van Buren, the Preaidern elect, ,
introducing this proposition to the Senate Not an "that he would walk--if elected-in the fact steps
of his predecessor," and on these assurances, he re-
anditor present, that did not laugh in his sleeves, lied. Mr. Clay, oh yes and the Senatoe, will re- 1
well knowing the thingisas impracticableasthe oth. collect, he also spoke of the majority which was r
sr measure introduced by Mr. Cambreleng, during obtained by promises held out to reduce thi price, of r
he very short time that the session has now to run. or distribute the public lands, as the greit means
Sun. by which Mr. Van Buren was to be supported.
You will have seen his published remarks, and Mr. Sevier admitted this, but remarked, that re-
herefore, to them and to the conclusive reply from ferred to himself, and was a matter betvecn him p
mdr.Clay, I refer you. Herewith, as interesting to and his constituents only Mr. Waker having
had his cue prevWiously from Mr. Wight-rose
,our commercial community, is the list of article to say, he would votesly from Mr.the propoiti, but frose
to say, he would vote for the proposition but from 0
o be admitted-if the bill shall become law-on different reasons-the bill would prewen: the lands
he 30th June, free of duty. being swallowed up by speculators, and that 80 c
Floor matting, square wire, aquafortis, Brazil millions at least, would owing to its effect, remain
ebble for spectacles, crystals for watches, glaziers' unsold in 1842.
diamonds, dressedfurs, embroidery, all articles com- Mr. Rives knew not, he said, by-iat -right the
:osed wholly or chiefly of gold, jewelry, gold and vote of Virginia in opposition the billJvas claimed. c
silver laces, muriatic acids, bicromate, cremate and His predecessors always acted agai*t the princi- a
'russiate of potash, chronometers, tartaric acids, ple, that the public lands were tole a common
arley, straw or grass baskets, composition wax, found, for distribution to the sevial States.--
mber and all other beads not enumerated, prus- He was in favor of the squatter settle and defend-
ian blue, bolting cloths, shell or paper boxes, bricks, ed this increase, as one to whi.h thejwere driven, t
air or palm leaf brooms, button moulds, calomnl, by the most urgent of all consideration, to reduce
arbonate of soda, cashmere of Thibet, corrosi-e the revenue." Mr. Clay in reply, lid he meant
ublinite, down feathers, gold leaf, hair bracelets,. not to speak in a tone of rebuke, althqgh 'twas na-
air not made up for head dresses, lampblack, linen tural on this subject his remarks -shold be so felt S
)adding if not suitable for cotton bagging, sulphate by the Senator from Virginia. Didie not know,
f magnesia, mustard, sallad oil, almond paste, per- that one a nd the most talented of theons of their
umes, pickles, perfumed hair powder, tooth pow- common motherm-Mr. Leigh-vo:ediast year for .
er, sulphate of quinine, Rochelle salts, fossil and tle land distribution bill. How couldhe reconcile st
rude mineral salt, soaps perfumed, emetic tartar, the inconsistency of being urged to ,ass the bill
building tiles, paving tiles, washes, otto of roses, with a view to reduce the revenue, win'twas pro-
omon, bergamot, rose carraway, lavender and rose- posed to throw open for sale, millionof acres, in bi
lary oils, cosmetics, anti-corrosive, lilhic paints, addition to what was already in mark!
ncn tape, sextants, quadrants, telescopes and Was this the way to effect a reducbn ? He was ai
lasses for them, gold, silver and precious stones, prepared to prove that the measure nw proposed, if
air cloth and hair seating, indigo, cotton and thread was the most direct stab at the rights the several
ices, manufactured and prepared quills, saddlery, States, by the General Government, at was ever
hina and porcelain wares, earthen and stone ditto, attempted. 180 millions acres were i be thrown at
'atches of all kinds and parts of watches, silver open, in addition to 120 millions nhv surveyed. in
nd plated wire, worsted yarn, blankets not ex- This was, he repeated, a new way t-educe reve- A
ceding 75 cents each, vinegar, olive oil, teas of all nue. Mr. Calhoun insisted that thebill entirely
inds, chocolate, cayenne pepper, cigars, bristles, cut off the citizens of other States fronrhe benefits
works, copper rods and bolts, nails and spikes, books of the public lands. Mr. Rives dend this; the
printed prior to 1775, books in other languages qualification beings residence and-atring." .The ur
nan Greek, Latin and English, glass bottles, demi- latter meant "occupation," and cdid be had by
ihns, common salt, anchovies and sardines, and agency; and the 2d section prcided that the
round and polished looking glass plates (silvered cinds were to be held, on the edition of being L
id unsilvered). "cultivated;" and actual resident, to do this,
was requisite. Mr. Bayard remiked, that the re
The major part of the foregoing, being articles of quantity of land this side the Missiippi unsurvey-
.lury in consumption by the rich and many of ed was 180 millions, in addition tome 120 millions
which are solely in requisition for the toilette,by the surveyed. The unsurveyed landmubject to this
andies of alleges! So much for the beginning of bill, beyond the Mississippi, was 75 millions. He su
a s beginning saw nothing to prevent all this asd of the Missis- th
ie end of modern democracy. sippi being taken up before five years. Mr. Hub- ad
Wines, and all spirits made of vinous materials, bard advocated the measure, an4dlr. Talmadge's H
re to be reduced one half their present rates of amendment being adopted, the bikvas ordered to be
uty. a third reading-26 to 18. by
Drawbacks to be allowed on iron imnrt for -r


-V.n IU' lla. ig 1 lll- Hr. iami I. Ii CuL-, wir2V V .
licy heretofore pursued by the Administration. &
Mr. Parker moved to recommit the bill, with in- T
ructions to modify the form, in which the general N
propriation had been condensed, and to specify w
ch item, as heretofore, ct
After debate, in which Mr. Dawson charged to
at all the difficulties with the Creeks were attri- h
table, not to Georgia, or Alabama, but to the bi
insaclions of the Government in making the re- L
rvations sanctioned by their treaty with them, O(
Id which led to frauds. Having made that treaty j,
ey were bound to adhere to it. L
Mr. Cambreleng said a report from the commis- re
oners appointed to investigate these frauds would
on be made. He resisted the motion to commit. ;
he question, finally, was rejected. w
The question then recurred on agreeing with the c
ommittce of the Whole, in the amendments to the v
II, which was adopted. a
Mr. McKim offered an additional amendment, I
that in future no Indians shall be removed by con- b
act from the east to the west side of the Mississip- V
d.7 1
But the previous question was ordered, and the ti
ll was ordered to be engrossed for its third read- P
g to-morrow. o
Mr. Cambreleng moved that the House resolve
self into a Committee of the Whole on the state
t the Union, for the purpose of taking up other
appropriation bills. Adopted. d
The following bills were then taken up: h
A bill making appropriations for the support of Y
ie Army of the U. S. for the year 1837. t
The Committee then rose and reported the ?ame
'ith amendments.
The House concurred in the report of the Com-
nittee, and the bill was ordered to be engrossed for
ts third reading to-morrow.
The Speaker laid before the House, from the
Secretary of the Treasury, an estimate of the cost
fa Steam Tow Boat, to act as a Revenue Cutter.
referred to the Committee on Commerce; and the
louse adjourned.
Mr. Forsyth, Mr. Butler, and Mr. Kendall, are
understood to have followed, in their response tolthe
Select Committee of which Mr. Wise is chairman
he precious example set them by the President.
Mr. Duane has arrived here; and it remains to
be seen whether he can or will now unfold the se-
cret practices and intrigues which took place on the
removal of the deposites-an opportunity of doing
which, before a competent authority, he has previ-
oualy and sepe.41ed y &ourted, lGT .". : a B,Uthe re-
fusal of the other oiAciWas is of no importateuq. By
this expose alone the benefits to result from the in- ,
investigation will be immense. The eyes of the
whole country are upon Mr. D. for the truth, the
whole truth, and nothing but the truth.

BALTIMORE, Feb. I-Arrived, ship Ulysses, Meyers,
from Turks Island; barque Tiberius, Sears, Cadiz; brig


C '-~~ II- a C-TY .i-.ll~l~L~-._l I _Ilj


POSTSCRIPT.

[By Government Express.]

[Reported for the Neew. York American.]
TWENTY-FOURTH CONGIE;SS.
SECOND SESSION.
SENATE-Wednesday, Feb. 1.
Mr. Kent presented resolutions, adopted by tl
City Council of Baltimore, praying that it shou
be made a station for revenue cutters, a depot, &
Referred1 &c.
Mr. Wall presented one from the inhabitan s
Trenton, playing that Jersey city be mide a po:
of cntry. Referred, &c.
The Chair.presented a memorial from W. Bren
Esq. of Washington, representing that the State (
Virginia had given four votes for President an
Vice President, which he avers were unconstitu
tional. Also, that South Carolina had voted con
trary to the Constitution ; therefore, all these vote
should be set aside. Laid on the table.
A statement of the appropriations expended am
unexpended by the Navy Department, was present
ed and referred, &c.
Mr. Wall reported a bill fixing the salaries of thi
United States District Judges, in Ohio, Nem
Hampshire, Mississippi and Virginia; which wai
read, and ordered to a second reading.
Steamboat Explosions.
Mr. Davis reported a bill to appoint competent
persons to test the utility of certain inventions tc
prevent explosion of steamboilers, which was also
ordered to a second reading.
[The result of these experiments to be communi.
ated to Congress next session.]
The Public Lands.
The bill to prohibit the sale of public lands, ex-
ept to actual settlers, was taken up, and sundry
amendments made thereto of unimportant charac-
er.
Mr. Sevier, at six o'clock, P. M., moved to lay
ie bill on the table-rmjected, yeas 20, nays 26.
Mr Moore moved to adjourn, to enable him to
offer to-morrow, amendments affecting his own
tate.
The motion was negatived-yeas 20, nays 26.
So the majority evince their determination to
t it out, until the bill is passed.
HoUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
On motion of Mr. Sutherland, the Light House
ill was taken from the Committee of the Whole
id re-committed to the Committee on Commerce
for additional items.]
Mr. H. Everett reported a bill for the protection
id security of Emigrants and Indians, by extend-
g the jurisdiction of the United States west of the
rkansas. Read twice, &c.
Purity of Elections.
Mr. Graves spoke in support of Mr. Bell's bill,
itil the expiration of the morning hour, when
Mr. Cambreleng called for the orders of the day.
The bill to establish an additional Land Office in
ouisiana, (Natchitoches,) was ordered to a third
ading.
The President transmitted a message, with a
mmunication from the Governor of Maine, with
mndry resolves of that Legislature, claiming from
e general government the reimbursementbf $200,
Ivanced as compensation to John and Phineas
arford for losses, &c. incurred by them in having
een arrested at Madawaska, and confined in goal,
r the British authorities, in 1831. Referred to the
committee on Foreign Relations.
The Speaker laid before the House, from the
Var Department, a survey, &c. of the harbor of
runswick, Geo. Laid on the table and ordered to
printed.
Indian Bill.
The bill making appropriations for the Indian
apartment, was taken up.
The question pending, was. to concur with the
nendments made in committee of he whole yes-


SUhaysfiru, "n.cy riaoli v ra4n.. 1 ilava -f19 j New
Co. Left at K. W. brigs Lucerne, Williams, for New
ork, 10 days- waiting anchors and crew, Jane, Williams,
Orleans, 12th. The brig America, Coffin, from St. Marks
ir NYork, on the 7th Jan. got ashore on the Tortugasses,
as got off by the wreckers, taken to Key West and dis-
carged her cargo-had her bottom examined which proved
o be sound, and was expected to reload and proceed on
er voyage.
Schr Azula, Chlace, (of New Castle,) 23 days from To-
asco, with 130 tons logwood, to Howland & Aspinwall.
eft no Am. vessels. On Saturday last, off Hattaras, spoke
:hr Adams, from Wilmington, N.C. for New York.
Br. schooner Belvidera, Swain, 53 days from Falmouth,
am. with 700 bags pimento, I copper still, to Tucker &
auries. The B. has had severe weather, lost sails and
received other damage.
Schr Intrepid, Wicks, 7 days from Wilmington, N.C.
'ith rough rice and naval stores, to G 0 Van Amringe.-
ailed iii co. schrs Zephyr; Mary Adams, and brig Lacka-
'ana, for NYork; brig Cabinet, Fisher; Albert, Susan, and
Canary, for West Indies.
Schr February, Burgess, (of Kingston,) 9 days from
Vashington, N.C. bound to Philadelphia-put in here on
account of the ice in the Delaware. On the 1st inst. Jas.
Laymond, seaman, of Plymouth, was knocked overboard
y the main boom and was drowned.
Schr Horse. (3.-masted) Campbell, of Boston, 8 days fm
Vashineton, N.C., with naval stores, to M Pratt. The schr
thomas, Winne, of Portland, for NYork, in coming over
the Bar str ck, sprung aleak, and returned to W. to re-
iair.
Schr Mary Ann, Sears, from Norfolk,_ with wood and
oysters, to the master
Schr Weymoutlh, Clough, 6 days from Richmond, ,;,L
lour, &c. to Allen & Paxsom.
TmE MIssING VESSEL ARrivED.-The bark Ellen, 104
lays from Leghorn, for the safety of which, much anxiety
has been felt, arrived yesterday. She was fallen in with
yesterday, by the supply boat T. H. Smith, Capt. Dayton,
bout 20 miles S. E. of Sandy Hook, and towed by her to
he Bar, where she anchored last evening. She has been
17 days on the coast, 15 of which; the Captain, with wife
and crew, subsisted on maccaroni and sweet oil. She was
within 3 miles of Sandy Hook on the 1st of January, but
was blown off. Much praise is due to Gaptain Dayton and
the crew of the pilot boat T. H. Smith, for their exertions
in towing her in safety at the Bar. The bark has received
no damage, out owing to the foul state or her bottom and
head winds, she could not reach her destined port without
assistance.


P AUR THIEATRKE. This Evening, Feb.
2, will be presented the Tragedy of
ION.
Adrastus. Mr Fredericks I Clemantine, Mrs Gurner
Ion, Miss Ellen Tree
To conclude with the Farce of
MY UNCLE JOHN.
Uncle John, Mr. Placide I Eliza, Mrs. Gurner
Doors open at 6 o'clock-Performancecommences at 6j.


NATIONAL THEATRE.--A CARD.-The mana-
gers beg leave respectfully to inform the public, that
the new and highly successful opera of
THE PIRATE BOY
will be repeated on Thursday evening, February 2d,
FOk THE BENEFIT OF THE AUTHOR,
with other attractive entertainments, which will be an.,
nounted in the bills of the day.
0 The box book is now open. ja31 3t


POST OFFICE, NEW YORK,
-N February, 2d. 1637.
'JE XyRESS MAIL LOST.-The Express Mi that left
this city at5 P. MI. on Friday last, was lost overboard in the
river between Perth and South Amboy, on the night of the
27th January last, or was stolen from the boat at the dock.
Every exertion has been made, and will continue to be
made, for its recovery. This notice is given to enable those
who sent letters or bills of exchange by that mail, to send
duplicates of the same.
fe2 lw JONA. J. CODDINGTON. Postmaster.


__


way. The lot is 25 by 100 feet, theouse"2SP..
o0. It is finished throughout in the best manner, and is
the most perfect order ; there are very good room in tIl
attic, which is entirely ceiled. Possession may be obtain
on the 15th of April. One half the purchase nroney ma
remain on bond and mortgage at 6 per cent. A ply to
fe2 DE RHAM & MOORE, 44 BrVad st.
TO RENT-The House No. 58 GreeneicThcJ
f O to have a building in the rear, containing a bei- \
I. 1KH rooms, parlor, &c. The plan, &c. can be stn at \
dl--m JOHN MeVICKAR, Jr'sOffice, 63 Cedar stret,
third story. fe2 tf,
u TO LET-From 1st May next, khe Stow a26
Front street. Apply to
SCHERMERHORN BROTHERS,
fe2 tf 113 South steet.
TO LET-The Store No. 29 Cedar street, from
i first May next. Inquire of W. E. Sheperd, 53
Pine street, or FRED'K McCREA4DY,
fe2 461 Broadway, cor. Grard st.
TO LET-From lst May, the Store 158 maidenn
Slane. Possession can be obtained immediately
lIe5 from the present occupant. Inquire uf W. E.
dM Shepard, 53 Pine street, or
FRED'K McCREADY, 461 Broadway,
fet cor. Grand street.U
r'O LET--Offices in the Building No. 09 Wall street.
M Inquire-at the office of the Eagle Fire Company,
on the premises. f2 St is
\ From the foot of Pike street,
RAILROAD LINE FOR BOS
TON, via Newport and Providence
As far as the Ice will permit.-From
the foot of Pike street, E. R., at 3
o'clock, P. M.
PROVIDENCE, Capt. Chllds, Saturday afternoon.
Freight not received after 2 o'clock, P. M., and will be
transported to Providence, or as far as the ice will permit
the steamer to proceed with safety, fe2
tf WANTED IMMEDIATELY-A first class
O Ship to load for New Orleans, to sail on Monday
Sthe 13th inst. in place of the regular packet which
has not yet arrived. Apply to
fe2 St SILAS HOLMES, 62 South st.
N OTICE.-The Stockholders of the Steamboats oHIO,
CONSTITUTION, and CONSTELLATION, are
hereby notified, that a meeting will be held at th Western
Hotel, No. 9 Courtlandt street, on Thursday eveiring next,
February 2d, 1837, at 6 o'clock. Punctual attendance is
requested. By order of the Committee.
ALEX. McLEAN, Se'c'y.
New York, Jan. 31st, 1837. Ja3l 3t*
1F4O LET OR LEASE-27 Lots fronting on West st.,
.E and bounded by Jane and Washington, and Horatli
street, w ill be let for one or more years, with the Wharf
and Pier in front, being a suitable place for a Lumber or
Coal Business. Apply at No. 6 Front street. Jan. 31


H ART, WALSH & CO., Importers of Wine, and
Commission Merchants, 100 Front street.
ja2l tf
Iv ARTNERSAl IOTICE--PAYNE &-WALSHE
^J of Madeira. haviitg taken into partnership HENRY
B. HART, of New York, will conduct their business for
ta a.. a Madeira, .ua&wr i" rm of PAYNE,
WALSH CO., and at New York umtder the trim of
HART, WALSH A CO., when, in addition to the Wine
Trade, they will attend to the General Agency and Com-
:' missmo business .. ja 13 istf


P*iHE COPARTNERSHIheretofore existing under
XI t sewf John-Sfwak Ct, j tLa day disolved
by mutuat elMeat. The blantesr.of the late firm will be
settled by Johfi Stsward,'or bl John Stewasd, jr. g Go. 1
JONN STEWARD,
J. DEXTER BRADNER.
JOHN STEWARD, Jr.
S JOHN STEWARD retiring from business, his
Sons, having associated with them John P. Yelventon and


LIST OF THE BLACK KNIGHTS.
John Ruggles, Maine; Judah Dana, do.;
Henry Hubbard, N. H. ; John Page, N. H.;
John .M. .MNiles, Conn.; Silas Wright, New
York; J.. P. Tallmadge, do. ; Garret D.
Wall, New Jersey ; James Buchanan, Penn.;
William C. Rives, Virginia; Bedford Brown,
N. Caiolina; Robert Strange, do.; Thomas
.Morris, Ohios Felix Grundy, Tenn.; Robert
C. N'ichola;, Louisiana; John Tipton, Indi-
ana; Rob.ert J. Walker, Mississippi; John
.M. Robinson, Illinois; Wm. L. E. Ewing,
do.; William R. King, Alabama; Thomas
H. Benton, Missouri; Lewis F. Linn, do.;
Ambrose H. Sevier, Arkansas; Robert Ful-
ton, do.I


~L~IX~-s~--~MWCiT~ ~.s(i 71~ ~1F; f
9


DIED(
Yesterday myi.iiing, Mrs. I izaiehI Bogerl,
uidow of John G ogert, Esq., in the 45th- ye.a
of her age.
Her relatives and friends are respectfully invited
to attend her funeral from the house of Mrs. Crom-
melin, No. 5 Beach street, tomorrow aft,'rnoon, at
4 o'clock, without further invitation.
At St. Croix, on the 29th December, Miss .Mary I
Elizabtth Kearny, daughter of the late Captain Ed-
mund Kearny, of Key Grove, Monmouth Co., New
Jersey.


SALES OF STOCKS THIS DAY
00 shares U S Bank ...................... I 8--ontims
140 Bank of America........... 141
10 -j Commercial Bank, N 0.........105
100 Dry Dock Bank.............. 175
100 Morris Canal Company........o100 -on time
50 do do............. 98
150 Delaware & Hudson Canal...... 941
60 -- do do...... 94
150 do do ...........:.. 94 -on time
400 do do............... 95 -on time
100 dodoo............... 93--on time
200 do do............. 92--on time
50 Farmers, Trust Company ........113 -on time
100 American Trust Company........103
100 do do...............1031-on time
50 Southern Trust ................. 9
50 Vicksburg Bank................ 9--on time
100 State Baink ...................... 8
60 Union Insurance ................. 92 -on time
10 Merchants, Ins. Co...............
20 -- Howard Insurance.............. io9
&0 Boweri Insurance Co............. 99
50 uo do .............. 95
60 do do.............. g97
100 New Jersey Railroad........... .106 2
500 Boston & Worcester .............. 98 -on time C
25 do do............ 961
50 do do ............ 97
150 Mohawk and Hudson Railroad.... 91 -on time 1i
100 do do.............. 901 a
100 do do............... 90 -on time ti
50 do do ........... 90
60 Harlem Railroad................. 86 -on time ie
150 do do................ 87-on time
100 do do............. 87
100 Utica Railroad Co ............. 123 -on time
7" do do...............1...2
60 Boston & Providence............. 108 -on time
100 do do...............107
150 do do ............... 107 a
400 Long Island Railroad..........S... --on time
60 do do ............ 80-on time p'
390 do do.............. 80 -ontime r

23w A MEETIN-G OF THE TRUSTEES OF CO-
LUMItA COLLEGE, will be held on Monday next, the A
th instant, at fire o'clock, P. M., in the College. 74
fe2 3t CLEMENT C. MOORE. Clerk. sl
Si I do


AUCTION SALES.

EINUBLIC NOTICE is hereby given, that "he N
YP ork LOMBARD ASSOCITION,- will- sel
unredeemed pledges, on the first Monday (6th) of February
next, at 1n o'clock, A M., in the Sales Room of Aaroi.
Levy, 18 Courtlandt st. By order &c.
Borrowers from the Association, are notified that at
property held by ti e Company as security for loans,
must be redeemed before the day of the above sale.
jl0dt 6f
RICHARD LAWRENCE. Auctioneer.
BIY JIONCKS LAWItENC & CO.
Store No. 22 Exchange Place.
SATURDAY.
PACKAGE SALE.-At 10 o'clock, at the auctoin room,
200 packages British, Irish, and American DRY GOODS.
Catalogues and samples ready the day previous
W. C. HAGOEIty, Auctioneer.
3Y JOHN HAGGUEIW k d& ONS.
Store corner of Peal Iand Pine treess,
W E Z SD AY. in,
At 9 o'clock at their auction room,
PACKAGE SALE-250 packages British, French, Irish
and German Dry Goods:
Catalogues and sample ready the day previous.
MONDAY, 13th.
DRY GOOD .-At 9 o'clock, at the auction room,.a
extensive as.oniment of British and American Dry Goo0d
from the shelves.
FRIDAY, 17.
FRENCH GOODS-_At 9 o'clock, at the auction room
80 cases French Goods, comprising an assortment of sta
)le and fancy articles.
T. M. HOOKER, Auctioneer.
BY fMlILLa: & CO.
Store corner of Walland Pearlsits
FRIDAY, 10th,
PACKAGE SALE.-At 10 o'clock, at the auction room
00 packages British, French German and American Dro
WEDNESDAY,10.
FRENCH GOODS.-Ati 9.'clock at their auction room,
00 French goods, comprising an extensive and desirable
aoortment of staple and fancy articles, form recent impar.
Bombazines.--At 12 2 o'clock an extensive assortment of
it and blue blk bombazines, of superior fabric.
A. W. BLEECKER, Auctioneer,
BY L. i 1. HOIF'T 4AN & CO.
Store corner of Wall and Front streets.
TUESDAY, Feb 7.
Furniture.- At 10 o'clock at 444 Broadway, an extensive
nd valuable assortment of Furniture, consisting ofmaho-
any boards, planks, veneers, pine and white wood, bed-
osts, &c. AlSo, an assortment of tapestry goods, recently
received from France. Also, work benches, tools, &c. By
-der of the assignees.
WEDNESDAY 8th.
Hides, Wool, Sheep, beer, Neutria and GoathSkins-
t i1 o'clock at the stores of Ogden E Edwards, 18 Ferry
reet, 1206 ox and cow hides, avg 23 ]bs: 200 horse hides;
A bales wool; 12 bales mixt and long horse hair, 136 bales
ieep skins, heavily wooled;8 do goatskins; 11 do neutria
o; 12 do deer do; & kc. imported in the bark Catharine from
uenos Avres a Ch e ro
Catalogues will be ready and the goods exhibited for ex-
nination the day previous to the sale
SATURDAY.
At II o'clock, in front of the store,
Hides-l70 bales green and dry Calcutta Cow Hides, just
ported, and in fine order
Shellac-s60 cases shellac
Saltpetre--100 bags saltpetre
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 22.
t o'clock, at the store of the American Fur Company,
eir entire stock of Furs and Skins, consisting of 6632 lbs
ocky Mountain Beaver; 1412 do northern and lpke do,
32,207 muskrats, 3652 do deer skins, &c.
Catalogues will be ready and the skins may be examine.
Three days previous to sale.
CHARLES A. PALMER, Auctioneer.
BY PELLS & CO.
Store No. 87 Wall street
TO MORROW,
At of II o'clock in front of the store.
New crop Smyrna Fruit.--l2 casks fresh new crop
nyrna Caraburna Raisins, a very superior lot, 162 bls
Fa do, 170 drums Sultana do, 6 do Zante Currants
Champaign--50 baskets champaign
WEDNESDAY.
St. Domingo Mahogany.-At 2 o'clock on pier 3, E R,
,u00 feet superior St Domingo mahogany, crotches and
nnon logs, per brig Albert, Captl Drinkwater. I'erms,
ur months, for sums over $100, approved endorsed notes.
FRIDAY,
SE Domingo Mahogany...At 2 o'clock, on pier -, E R,
cargoes of the brigs Atakapas and Caston, from Artibo-
th, consisting of 426 logs (about 67,000 feet) St Domingo
mahogany, part of fine quality and large. Catalogues will
ready th. day previous to the sEe. Terms, 4 months
r sums over $190 approved endorsed notes.
THURSDAY. 17th.
Sale of Champaign by catalogue.-1500 baskets Chain.am-
ign, of various brand, entitled to debenture. The wine
tay be examined by catalogue two days previous to sale.
terms, 4 months, approved notes.
AT PRIVATE SALE
4 puns very old and superior Irish malt Whiskei in bond
FOR SALE-The modern built two story house
'No. 6 Variek Place-finished in the best manner
throughout, with marble mantles and mahogany
doors-lot 25 by 100. Can be seen on and after
h inst. from 11 to 2 o'clock. Apply to
re2 5t RUSHTON & ASPINWALL, 86 William st.
TO LET AND FOR SALE-House 49 Broad-
way, together with the stable in the rear lot about
200 ceel deep. Also, several houses and parts of
houses in the upper part of the town.
For sale--A dwellin gRouse and lot in Park Place. Al-
, house and lot No. 73 Thompson st.
[nquiro until 10 o'clock A. M. and after 3 o'clock P. M..
US. i HUlTCHzIxNeS,
'e~tt ,f ... ,.No.erpammrk ....


~____ __~__~~__~_


Irm


I


a


L-


I


- ---- I4 RAW # ,


I


IIMALRINE JOURt1NAL.
NEW-YORK AMERICAN, FEBRUARY 2, 1837.
High Water this afternoon, 6h. 64m.
CLEARED SINCE OUR LAST.
Last Evening--Brig Emma, Bates, for St. Jago de
Cuba. P. k J. S. Crary.
ARRIVED THIS MORNING.
Columbian brig Orinoco, Chase, 32 days fr| Augustura,
with hides and tobacco, to Moller & Oppenheimer. Left
no Am. vessels in port. The brig Poultney, of Baltimore,
for Bremen, sailed 10 days before. Jan. 28, lat 37, 47, Ion
70, spoke brig Clinton, 2 days hence, for West Indies.-
The Capt. kindly supplied us with 1 brl. bread and half do
pork. The 0. has experienced severe weather on the
passage.
Brig Lion, Shurman, 5 days from Georgetown, SC with
cotton, to H Coit. Left brig Nancy Jane, for NYork, soon.
Brig Lackawana, from Wilmington, N.C.
Schr Village, Eldridge, from Plymouth, NC, and 5 days
from the Bar, with cotton, &c to Mr. Bryant. Left schr
New York, for N York, ready.
Br. schr Hartford, Butu, 45 days from Sydney.
BELOW-I Ship, 3 Barques and I Briz.
SAILED-Ships Mediator, Champlin for London; Co-
lumbus, Depeyster. Liverpool; Sheridan, Russell, do;
Nashvill, Jackson, NOrleanq: H. Alien, Wilson, Charles-
ton; brigs Francia, Edwards, Amsterdam; Alvara, New
Orleans; George, Hull, Charleston; Uzardo, Gilchrlst,
New Orleans; North America, Park, do; Wave, Tibbetts,
St. Marks; Francis, Croft, Savannah;' Admiral, Watkins,
Rio Janeiro;Ocola, Shute, Trinidad; Halcyon, Pratt, St
Thomas; Cumberland, Paw, New Orleans, and others.
ARRIVED SINCE OUR LAST
Ship Margaret, Tilden, (of Philadelphia,) from Gib.
raltar, Dec. 3d, with mdze, to order. Left, ship Grand
Turk, Easterbrook, from Boston; bark Flora, hence: ship
Win. Tell, Coffin, New Orleans; brig Ganza, Waterman,
do. The brigs Massachusetts, McKenzie; Summers; Le.
ander, Richardson, for NYork; Shawmut, Sheppard, for
Salem; Glide, Robinson Philad; Lady Adams, McGill, for
Valparaiso, all sailed 2d Dec.
Ship Lafayette, Blair 6 days from Charleston, with
mdze, rice, &c. to Geo. button.
Ship Hogarth, Allen, from Liverpool, 2Cth Dec. with
mdze, &c. to J. Macey.
Brig Roarer, Welden, ;5 days from Para, with 16,000
pair of India Rubber Shoe#, to E. Corning. Capt. W. re-
ports the country settled aind in a prosperous state. Mar-
ketsa glutted with American produce-Flour 10 dollars !
Vessels had returned with part of their cargoes to the U.
States.
Brig Mary, Gordon, (of Portland,) from Matanzas, 16th
Jan. with 350 hhds molasseea to Chasterlain & Ponvert;
80.0 oranges to the Captain. Leftr ship Cabinet,-fm Ha-
vana, to finish loading; brigs Emigrant, Smith, Providence,
next day; Laurel, of do. waiting; Charlotte, Thomas, of
Portland, do, and others. 14th, off the Double Headed
..Shot .ey'S. ke iOli.erane.g. 17 d. _A_., New


f












POST'1SCRIPT.

[By Government Express.]
Wednesday, half past two o'clock.
[From the Baltimnore ,American.]
,TWENTY-FOURTH CONGRESS.
SECOND SESSION.
IN SENATE--Tuesday, Jan. 31.
The Chair laid before the Senate a report fror
the Secretary of the Treasury respecting the clair
of the U. S. against the Bank of the U. S.
Mr. Wright presented a memorial from th
Chamber of Commerce of New York, praying thi
some national vessels may be employed off thl
port as relief vessels during the incli:ment season.
Mr. Davis from the Committee on Commer(
made a report adverse to the bill from the House t
authorise the employment of boys in merchant vet
sels.
Special Order.
The chair having announced the special orde
being the bill designating and limiting the funt
receivable for the Revenrue of the United States,
Mr. Grundy asked for the taking up of the Lar
Bill in preference, that being the unfinished bus
ness.
IwIMr. Walker also expressed a hope that the Lar
Bill would be acted on before the other.
Some further conversation took place on the sul
ject, in, which Messrs. Benton, Walker, Rives, an
Calhoun took part. It was alleged by Mr. Preste
and Mr. Rives that these bills had both taken u
as much time as they ought to occupy, while M
Calhoun declared that they were bills of unsu
passed importance, and had not occupied more tin
than they ought to occupy.
The motion to take up the first bill was the
negatived-yeas 16, nays 20.
Land Bill.
The Bill to prohibit the sales of Public Lands, e:
cept to actual settlers, &c., was taken up for cot
sideradion.
The question bbing on the motion of Mr. Cla
to strike out the fourth section of the Bill, beir
that which gave preemption rights to pCrsons wr
have settled Public Lands.
Mr. King, of Ga., then made some rcmanr
against the Bill. It was a Bill to perpetuate by tl
solemnity of law, a system of perfidy and fraud
and if it was to pass at all, it mattered little to hi
what the details were. Perhaps the wors-, the
were the better for the country. *
This was called an administration
measure. Don't talk to me (said Mr. Kin1
of administration measure while you have )you
fingers in my pockets, or the pockets ofmy con.l-
tuents. He attacked the estimates and conclusion
of the Chairman of the Committee on Public Li nd
as fallacious and unsustainable by fact or reason
ing. He attributed the superabundance of spec
in circulation to the balance of foreign trade havir
been against us last yar to the amount of fort
millions-we are borrowers from Europe to th
extent-and that having borrowed that amount
,. specie. The influx of money into this country a
counts for the extraordinary amount of specie which
has accumulated on our hands. He denounced tl
course which had been taken on this floor in lau,
ing to the skies the contemners of the institution
of both God and man, as honest and deserving
reward, while the purchaser of lands who go
the land offices established by law conform
the provisions of law, and pay their money]
are called speculators deserving only of odiur
We may as well say that the midnight robber wl
breaks into your house and plunders your gooi
is entitled to the plunder as a reward for the et
terprise which he has exhibited. Were the:
squatters better than the other poor people of tl
U. S. If not, all the poor people were entitled 1
as much privilege as the squatters. He conclude
with declaring it to be his purpose to vote again
the Bill, and in favor of striking out each and ever
part of it.
Mr. Baiyard followed for the purpose of sustain
ing the views thrown out by the last Senator.
He was speaking still when this packet was clo.
ed.
IHIoUse oF REPRESENTATIVES.
Mr. Thomas, from the Committee on the Jud
ciary, reported a resolution, granting power to the
committee to send for persons and examine into th
truth of the charges against the Hon. Bucknm
Thrustono, preferred by R. S. Coxe and Win. I
Brent-agreed to.
Mr. Conner, from the committee on Post Office
and Post Roads, reported a bill providing for tl
erection of a building for the Post Office Deparl
_ meant: read twtc and committed.
,lJ itar- ffurs. ..
-1 Mr. orea, from the committee on Military A
/ fairs, reported a bill to increase the rank and file i
Sthe: Army, and for other purposes; read twice.an
committed." '
Also, a'bill concerning the organization of tl
army), ahd for other purposes; read twice and con
mitl.ed.
Also,,ajoin'.resolution, directing the Secretar
o( War :to revise the Rules and Articles, and r>
port thte'r lsion to the next Congress; laid on th
table. -''')
Mr.-Smith; from the Committee on Ways an
"Mans, reported a bill to provide for certain hai
bors alhd the removal of obstructions in certain ri
es, fo" ite year !837.
SMr. Howard, from the Committee on Foreig
.ffitirs, reported a bill from the Senate to continue
i, force fora limited time the act to carry into effect
a:conventihon with Spain and for other purpose;
w ith amendment, which was committed,


:' Freedom of Elections.
The House resumed as the unfinished business
of Tuesday aist, the consideration of the motion c
Mr. Bel, for.leave to bring in a bill for.the security'
of the feredom of Electionls.
Mr. Bell i~esunmed his remarks on the subject, firs
^- W! '-* *~ .7-" -w---;*w-vrfl'urenee tl
an article which appeared in the Globe of ifts-Imur
ning. Th'e statements in regard to himself he p o
nounced an infamous calumny; and, if he hat
time, he would prove it to be *iO to the House
He proceeded then to speak -in-support of his mo
tion., : ..: ..
Mr. Bell concluded his remirkis at 3 o'cl6ck,w-hei
he submitted his motion.i;
On motion of Mr. Cambreleng, the House pro
teded to Aeorders of the day.
The bill making appropriations for the expense:
of the Idiai iDepartment for the year' 1837, wam
then taken-upin committee of the whole, and aftex
some dmis6itsion, the committee rose,
Alid: lh House adjourned.


; [From the Albany. Daily advertiser. ]
LEGISLATURE OP NEW-YORK'
M! (jei' Monday, January 30.
On motion of Mr. Maison, the committee on m-.
nufactures weri: imistructed to inquire what quanti-
ty of grain has. been used in Distilleries in New
York a'nd Bro6klyn last year.
On motion dti tMr. Edwards, the resolutions to
amend-he Conrstitution- respecting the Judiciary
system, were made the special order for next
Thursday 1, i.D ; -, : :,
Mr. "oargcalled up for consideration his reso.
lution 'ia. in the judgment of this Senate it is high-
ly improper for aSenaLor to vote for a bank char-
ter, and afterwards to subscribe for and receive stock
in sueh bank. -
Mr. Mack-moved that the subject be referred to
the judcciaty committee.
Mr, iteger asked leave to bring in a bill imme
diately, declaring it unlawful, &c. Leave was re-
fused,-:.
The Senate adjourned.
SIs AiSEMlBLY.


- .--Y- ~L~- -


ie 1LOSTEakS WRITING ESTABLISH
't ll MENT, 183 Broadway, (over the Druggist Store.
he object of this Institution is to improve the imperfect
hand writing of adults, and to qualify young men for th
H-ot -9 in a.,superiorand exueditious ... -
f_ renmuiiiaip &nlTiouotejEnriy book-ieApiilgs, "are- -augh
of on an improved plan, by which a competent knowledge 1o
these branches may be attained in one third of the tim
id usually devoted to that purpose.
Hours of instruction at the convenience of the pupil.-
le Evening Classes 7to9. Ladies'Select Classes from 11 t
12 A.M.
n- *** Prospectuses may be had by applying at the Rooms
183 Broadway.
y [From the Boston Evening Gasette.]
MERCANTILZ BooK- LBErronG-The manner in which this
art is frequently taught, conveys a very imperfect idea o
ie the practice of merchants. The great difference between
theory and practice--between the study of an art and itl
d application to practical use, is too well known to need re-
mark; and we think Mr. Foster's plan-by connecting
systematic book-keeping with actual transactions-pos-
V- sesses advantages worthy the consideration ofall who wish
to acquire th forms and modes of business in a thorough
n and effectual manner.
His long experience in the counting houses, and skill as
e a penman, are circumstances which qualify Mr Foster in
V- peculiar manner forthe duties of his profession
3, [From the Evening Journal.]
The system generally adopted is such, that when the
scholar arrives at manhood he still retains the school buo
hand--cramped, stiff and inelegant ; in that practised by
s Mr. Foster, the reverse is the case. There is a freedom
)t and elegance, wh:ch at once qualify the learner for any
situat on in which writing is essential. Experience has
Y abun :antly proved, that a free and quick hand-writing can
be acquired by this process in a very few lessons : an ad.
3t vantage which the old system does not offer at the end of
o two year's applicat on
W ea r r-s rrom &e oston KZviwpa.n.]
We are personally acquainted with Mr. F"'ster, andtake
- great pleasure in recommending his establishment to the
d notice of ouhr fellow citizens. We have examined his sys-
tem in detail, have obsei ved his mode of instruction in tfu!l
.operation, and are fully impressed with the practicability
and utility of his plan. It facilitates beyond all other
methods the attainment of a free, elegant and rapid busi-
n neos hand.
[From the Moral Reformer.]
S Mr. Foster is unquestionably the first writing-master in
this city-if not in this country ; and b, far as much obser-
vation, and an acquaintance with him and his system au-
s thorize us to speak, utterly free from humbug and quack-
S ery.
s [From the ,Albany tdrgus.]
r Mr. Foster's system pro-.uces a remarkably neat, low-
ing, a'nd uniform hand, and in a period so short, asto bear
no proportion to the years of labor and application under
the old methods.
[From the Boston ddvertiser.1
The experie, ce and capacity -tI Mr. Foster, as an in-
structer in the art of writing are very generally and favor-
ably Known; and his testimonials are of a character which
are calculated to inspire much confidence in both. His
system appears to have been highly approved by compe-
tent judges in Europe as well as in this country.
_Fo sale as above.
"A CONCISE TREATISE ON BOOK-KEEPING,
elucidating the principles and practice of Double Entry
and the modern methods of anranging Merchants' Ac-
counts." By B. F. FoSTER, author of a Prize Essay on the
best method of teaching Penmanship, Elementary Copy
Books, &c. 1 vol.8vo.
L *** The design of this work is to exhibit a view of
Book-keeping as actually practised among well informed
merchants, and to firnmsh learners with a text book so
clear in its illustrations as to be easily understood, a"d yet
so comprehensive as to afford all the information required
for practical accountant. It contains the latest improve-
ments in the art, and will be found a useful guide to the
learner, the merchant and the man of business.
[From the Boston -Atlas.]
This is decidedly the best treatise on Book-keeping
which we have seen. It is simple, concise and well ar-
ranged. Mr. Foster has confined himself to a plain expla-
nation of the art, as practised in mercantileestablishments,
and we warmly recommend the result of his labors to the
public.
Ti .[rom the N. Y. Mercantile Advertiser.]
Theauthor, who is a practical accountant, has dis-
played an extensive knowledge of his subject, and has


Extraordinary Attraction at the
ZOOLOGICAL INSTITUTE,
T NO. 37 BOWERY.
HE Public are respectfully informed that in order to
gratify the juvenile class, the manager has introduced into
the centre of the hall a circle of 128 feet in circumference,
for the purpose of performing the Elephant, Camel, Po-
nies, and Monkies. The general performance of the ani
males in the circle will take place at 3J and 8 o'clock,
P.M.
Mr VAN AMBURGH will enter the cages at 4 and S8
o'clock, P. M. Immediately afterwards, the animals will
be fed in tlme presence of the audience.
Season Tickets at $3.
Admission, 50 cents--hildren under 10 years of age.
halfprice d24 tT
i AST. EXHIBITION IN THE UNITEDSI A IES-
8. JAt the .American Afcademy of Fine AJrts, Barclay
street.-The two original and sublime Pictures of the
Temptation and Expulsion of ADAM and EVE, painted
by Dubufe, are now exhibiting for a short time previous to
their being returned to Europe.
D3- Admission 25 cents.
Season ticket, 50 cents.
N. B. The Gallery is-kept constantly warm. ja31
L LECTURES ON CHEMISTRY-At the Lyceum of
Natural History, in Broadway nsar Prince st.
The members of the Lyceum have the pleasure to an-
nounce to the public that an arrangement has been made
with Professor TORREY to deliver a popular course on
Chemistry, with nunieroua experiments, to consist of ten
Lectures, commencing on Tuesday, 24th inst. at seven o'-
clock in the evening, and will be continued ev. ry Friday
and Tuesday until completed.
Tickets to admit alady & gentleman for the course, $68 00
6 one person "o 400
for one lecture, 75
alady & gent.lorl lecture, 1 00
and can be obtained at Dr. Chilton's, Broadway, and at
the Lyceum. Members and stockholders will be charged
half of the above prices. Ja20 Imis
ECTURES ON PHRENOLOGY. at the Lyceum of
Natural History.-MR. DUNKIN'S Lectures on the
above subject will be delivered on the evenings of Wed
nesday and Saturday successively, at 7 o'clock, commen-
cing Irom Saturday, Jan. 28.
The course will consist of Ten Lectures, and will be
illustrated throughout by numerous drawings, casts, &c.
Tickets may be had of any of the gentlemen who joined
in inviting Mr. D. to deliver the course ; also, at Dr. Chil-
ton's, Broadway; at the offices of the N. York American,
74 Cedar street, Evening Star, and Commercial Advertiser,
and at the Lyceum. Terms-To the course., for a gentle
man, $3, for a lady, $2; to the single Lecture, 50 cents.
ja30 Imis
U'TI'EPEIAN SOCIETY.-The Annual Concert ot
i the Euterpeian Society will be given at the CITY
HOTEL on 1Tuesday evening the 7th of February next.
Members can receive their tickets on application to the Se-
cretary, on and after Wednesdav the 1st of February, or at
the meeting of the Society on Friday evening next.
j28 I wis GILBEItT SIHE WOOD, Secretary.
QPLENDIID PENMANSHIP A.CQUIIR-
ED IN 12 LESSONS.!
The Jnti-Angular System of Writing
Is again introduced to the Families, Citizens and Stran-
gers of New York and Brooklyn the Academy IS NOW
RE-OPENED for the reception of Pupils, Day and Even-
ing at the Old Establishment, No. 175 Broadway.
To continue for only a limited time zn N. Y.!
MR. BRISTOW OF LONDON, respectfully announces to
the Public
HIS RETURN
-After an absence of six months, from a very flattering
and successful visit to Boston.
He has new re-commenced his Writing Class in thlsaii-
ty, to continue for only a short session;
ACADErMY No. 175 BROADWAY, N. Y.
Where persons of every age and capacity, (say from 8
to 60 years) are expeditiously taughtthe most correct and
admired principles of COMMMERCIAL PENMANSHIP ; adapted
to Letters, Bills, Notes, Sales, Accounts, Receipts, En,
grossings, and the Finished Journal Entry: in short, to ev.
ery purpose ofPubliciBusiuess and Private Life,
IN TWELNE EASY LESSONS, of One Hour each!
(that is as long a time as is nece-sary to acquire a complete
and thorough knowledge of writing,) no matter how IN-
DIFFERENT, ILLEGIBLE, DEFORMED or cramped, the present
writing may be, by Mr. Bristow, Finishing Writing Mas-
ter.
All ye who would fine Penmen be,
Come learn the s) stem of Mr B.
Who in TWELVE LESSONS does guarantee
To make you write most splendidly 1!!
The prompt and favorable reception which has ever
been given to Mr. Bristow s System, by the Citizens and
Ladiesof New York, and the very general success that has
always attended his efforts, induce him to anticipate that
his present visit here, will be distinguished as not leis
brilliant and successful.
It is, then, with the most unlimited confidence in his
own experience and capacity, that Mr. Bristow pledges
himself to impart, cith the joint efforts of his Pupils, in
12 easy Lessons of one hour each !
TO rHE LADIES
A neat and rapid, a delicate and elegant style of Writ-
ing, being the most fashionable one of the day; they meet
daily at 11 o'clock, and write in separate apartments;
AND TO GENTLEMEN
A style at once bold, expeditious and commercial; char-
acteristic of the superiorfreedom of this elegant System,
and highly efficient for mercantile pursuits.
g:1 Merchants and others, visiting the city, can com-
plete a course of lessons in 2 or 3 days !
*** Mr. Bristow is to be seen at his Academy, No. 175
Broadway, from 9 A. M. to 1; orfrom 3 to 8 P. M Refer-
ences-Cornelius W. Lawrence, Mayor of N. Y.; Samuel
Swartwout, Collector of the Port; Hon. Campbell P.
White; Brown, Brathers & Co.; Barclay & Livingston;
and to all the general merchants of the city. jP


e 6c=3_ FOt LONDO N-The regular packet shi
GLADIATOR, Britton, master, will sail positive
Az. ly for the above port on the 3d Feb. For freight
ot passage, apply to the captain on board, at the foot c
Maiden lane, or to
j14 GRINNELL, MINtURN & CO. 134 Front st.
LONDON LINE OF PACKETS.--Packet o
the 10th Feb.-The packet ship QUEBEC, F
IH. Heard, master, will sail as above, her re
guiardaly. For freight or passage, apply to the Cap
tain on board, foot of Maiden lane, or to
j23 GRINNELL, MINTURN & CO. 134 Front st.
FOR LIVERPOOL-Packet of the 8th Feb.-
f The ship GEORGE WASHINGTON, A. Aritton
Mi master, will sail as above her regular day. Foi
treigin: or passage, apply to the Captain on board foot o
Maiden lane, or to
j30 G .INNELL, MINTURN & CO. 134 Front st.
t E FOR CADIZ-A few passengers can have ac-
commodations on board thefirst class Spanish ship
.. WALLIS, to sail on the 1st proximo. Apply to
\^ DA.VIS, BROOKS & CO 21 Broad at.
FOtt SALE-Snip HENRI IV. late a Havre
j packet, 427 30-95 tons burthen; live oik and lo-
a cust top timbers, main transom ,apron, night heads
alrl three cant timbers forward and alt; copper faste,,ed
and coppered : deck beams of Georgia pine; well found in
all respects ; his nearly two suits of sails, one of which is
new ; masts and bowsprit nearly niew ; sails well, and will
carry a large cargo, about 1400 bales recompressed cotton.
If not sold by Tuesday, the 14th Febru.try, she will on
that day be sold to the highest bidder. without reserve, at
auction. C. BOLTON, FOX & LIVINGSTON,
ja31 tF14 22 Broad street.
tl& FREIGHT WAN ED.-Afi!:ecopperedBBark
'2: -2600 bl,, wants a freight (fom the South of Europe.
fet GRINNELL, MINTURN & CO. 134 Frontst.
-.y FOR, FKEIGI'I' O0. CTHAK'I'EK-hne last
i ,sailing, coppered and copper fastened brig BRIL-
g^ LIANT, burthen 244 tons, stows a large cargo, is
in complete order, and ready to receive cargo. Apply to
j10 EBEN. STEVENS & SONS. 110 South st
CONGRESS WATErK! CONGRESS WATrER!-
-From Putnam's Spring, Saratoga.- -It is said by
those who have been constant visitors at Saratoga during
the last twenty years, that the Putnam Coneress Water not
only produces more immediate action on the system; but
that from its vivacity, it makes a mote delightful beverage
than any other ofthosejustly celebrated waters.
It will be seen by an analysis of the Professor, that the
Putnam Congress Spring water essentially possesses, with
additional strength, the properties belonging to the Con-
gress Spring, which has been so beneficially used by inva-
lidsof every description.
The subscriber having made arrangements with Mr. L.
Putnam .tnnriet. \f t- QiRnrf --^--. r-- ----I


SCHOOLS.
SA NCING SCHOOL-Concert Hall. 406 Broadway.-
E. H. CONWAY respectfully iniornis the public,
thav his next Class will commence on Monday, the 9th of
January for Gentlemen, and on Wednesday, the llth for
Ladies, and Misses. Persons wishing to join either of
those Classes, will have the goodnessto leave theirnames,
on or before the above date. The Assemblies take place
on each Tuesday Evening during theseason.
Mr. C. would inform those parents and guardians, who
wish their children to dance at the Exhibition, that it is
necessary to enter their names immediately, as Mr. Con-
way intends to conipose entire new dances this season.
j4
rl)'HE ART OF DANCING.-MR. CHARRUAUD
r respectfully acquainia his patrons-the Ladies and
the Gentlemen who applied to be admitted the last quarter,
and in consequence o: the classes beirg full could not be
received as pupils-that the sec.ntl quarter will commence
on Monday next, 9th inst. for the ladies, masters and sen-
ior classes of gentlemen ; on Tuesday the I10th inst. for the
gentlemen's waltzing class, and on Wednesdayllth, for the
misses class. Hours of attendance from 3 o'clock until 5
for ladies, from half past 5 until 7 for masters, and at half
past 7 for gentlemen's class, on tevery Monday and Friday.
At half past 7, on Tuesday and Saturday evening, for gen-
tlemen's waltzing class, and at 3 o'clock, P. M, on Wed-
nesday and Saturday, for the misses' class.
The Soiree Balls as usual, every Thursday evening.
j3 Lw
SR. and MRS. CHARLES CAN DA willopen a Board-
ing and Day School lbr Young La lies on the 1st of
May next, at No. 15 Amity street, near Br,,adway. The
Course of Instruction will embrace all the branches of a
solid and accomplished education. The plan and terms
can be ascertained by inquiring at Mr. Canda's present re
sidence. No. 114 Leonard st. ja28 Im -
OURSE OF STUDY FOR YOUNG LADIES.-A
._' room is no open for the reception of the class, 769
Broadway, from eleven till two, daily. The course will
commence whenever the required number is made up. It
is designed to extend through a term of four months, occu-
pying three hours of the morning daily. Subjects of tile
course:
1. The History of the Fine Arts-The art of painting is
thlie subject selected, in this department, for the ensuing
term.
II. The History of Literature-English literature, the
subject for the ensuing term.
III The Science ot Criticism--Studied in the Analysisof
works ot genius, illustrated in original composition.
IV. The Philosophy of Mind-The first course in this
department proceeds without reference to books. It is de-
signed merely to direct the attention of the students to their
own mental phenomena, and to develop the power of ab-
stractjudgment.
Beside tile more familiar lessons of theclass,lectures will
be given in connection with the several departments by Ar-
:ists and Literary Gentlemen.
Terms of the course, one hundred dollars.
Tnose who are interested in making furtherinquiries are
referred to Bishop Onderdonk, Judge Oaklevy. G. W. Bru-
en, Esq. Rev. Dr. Skinner, S. F. B. Morse, Esq. Rev. Or-
ville Dewey, and more particularly to Professor Silliman,
of New Haven, now in this city. Jal3 tf
mOUGHKEEPSIEi COLLEGIATE SCHOOL.-The
site selected for this Institutionis College Hill,"
whichis sitiuted abouthalf a mile nortli-eastof the flourish-
ing and beautiful village of roughkeepsie; its location is
unrivalled in beauty and salubrity, and cannotfailto attract
the attention and excite the admiration of every lover of
rural scenery.
This school will be conducted on philosophical principles.
Reference will invariably be had to the nature of the juve-
nile mind, and constant efforts will be employed to develop
its powers in their natural order, and to preserve them in
their relative strength. I'he domestic arrangements and
modes of instruction will be adapted to youth of every age,
and they will be instructed in such beaches as may be re-
quisite, either to qualify them for commercial life, or to pre-
pare them for a collegiate course, and the attainment of a
liberal education, according to thie wishes of their parents
or guardians.
Those who may be designed for commercial lite, will
generally be taught Orthography, Reading, Writing, En-
glish Grammar, Geography, Rhetoric,Logic, Mathematics,
History, (in particular the history of our own country,)
Natural Philosophy, Political Economy, Civil Polity,the
French and Spanish languages.
Those who may be designed for a collegiate course, in
addition to most of the above studies, will applythemselves
to the study of the Latin and Greek languages.
The government of the school will be supervisory and
parental-whilst the strictest order will be enjoined, such
discipline only will be employed as may most effectually
tend to call into action the moral sense of the scholar
Persuaded that the instructionscontained in the Scriptures
are eminently conducive to tlie formation of moralcharacter,
select portions of them will be daily read, their fundamental
truths inculcated, and such familiar lectures occasionally
delivered as may best serve to illustrate their moral and
religious design and tendency, without having a direct bear
ing upon the peculiarities of any christian denomination
Sabbath mornings and evenings will be devoted to the study
of the Scriptures. Scholars will attend churches at such
places as theii parents or guardians may direct. No pupil
will be allowed to absent himself or leave the premises
without permission.
Rewards and punishments will be of an intellectual and
moral nature, addressed to the understanding and the heart
Rewards for good deportment and diligence in study will
be, the confidence and good will of instructors; approbation
and love ot friends and relations; self government: rapid
improvement in learning; advancement to a higher class
and an approving conscience.
Punishment .for negligence and irregularity of conduct
will he chiefly-disapprobation of instructors; private and
public censure, studying during the hours of diversion ; re
moval to a lower class ; confinement; and finally, ifincori
rigible, dismission from the school.
Strict attention will be paid td the health of the pupils,
and they will be attended by a skilful and experienced phy
sician,'when necessary.
To prevent confusion and loss, every article of clothing
should be distinctly marked with the full name.
wil be strictly prohibited.
There will be two terms in the year, 23 weeks each. The
1st term will commence on the first Wednesday in Novem-
ber. The 2tnd term the first Wednesday in May.
Able and experienced Instructors will be provided in tlhe
several departments, who, together with the Principal and
his family, will constantly and familiarly associate withthe
youth committed to their care.
Annual expense per scholar, will be $230, payable quar
terly in advance. This sum will include all charges for in-
struction, board, books, stationary, bed and bedding, wash-
ing, mending, room, fuel, lights, &c.
Clothing for scholars will, by order of parents or guar-
diane, he procured on reasonable terms by the principal.
CHARLES BARTLETT, Principal.
P TALLMADGE.
GEORGE P. OAKL.Y,
JOHN DELAFIELL'-.
PETER HAYS,
WALTER CUNNINGHAM, Trustees.
PARACLETE POTTER isecs.
GIDEON P. HEWITT, ,
ELIAS TRIVETT,
GAMALIEL GAY, I
J. VAN BENTHUYSEN. J s20tf


May next. Thpremises can be seen every week (lay fi'om NITED STATES FIRE INSURANCE. COMPA FFC OF THE ATLANTIC INSURANCE CO.
3 o'clock till ening. For further particulars, apply at U NY-Office No. 28S Pearl street F HN 1 -
No. 142 Frontt., up stairs, or to RICHARD OAKLEY, DI RECTORS. a ol New York, 2d January, 1837.-l'he Board of Di-
42 Nassau start. ja25 John L. Bowne Morris Ketchum rectors have declared a dividend for the last six months ot
John R. Willis Joshua S. Underhill Twenty-five per cent. on the Capital Stock, payable to the
FOiSALE-That two story brick dwelling Silas Hicks Charles T. Cromwell, Stockholders or their legal representatives on and after the
Housand Lot in fee, No. 175 Canal street,situate Robert C. Cornell Cornelius W Lawrence 20th inst. By order of the Board.
;gS on thsoth side of Canal street between Hudson James Barker Nathaniel Lord J3 lm JACOB R. PENTZ, Secretary.
1I-Iand Irick streets. This is a c nvenient house Benjamin Corlies; Charles Kneelandi IVIDEND.-The Directors of the Union Insurance
with vaults inont and rear ; there is a two story building Lindley Murray-t Edward A. Wngh J Company have this day declared a dividend of eight
in the rear forea room, &c. The lot is 25 feet by 90. Henry W. Lawrence Benjamin Clark per cent. out of the profits of the last six months, payable
For terms,oupl tr GEORGE W. GILES, 173 Canal Stephen Van Wyck Robert B. Minturn to the stockholders on and after the sixteenth day of Janu
street, or 1 Nssan street, cor. of Wall st jl I tf Isaac Frost James Lovett ary, 1837, to which day the transfer ifooks will be closed.
) R ALE- I he neat two story Brick Housm, Robert D. Week, William Bradford, 31st Uec. 1836.
SN20 Bedford street, finished in modern style, John Wood George Ehiinger. J6 lm Jr WM. I. VAN WAGENEN, Sec'y.
4B&E wh folding doors, and containing eight rooms, Thomas W Jenkins Thomas W. Pearsa O I
l eludingg a basement-is in good order, and cal- Benjamin Strong Silas Wood LONG ISLAND BAN 2.
cUlated ic a genitel family. George Hussey George D. Post A SE ANNU DIVIDENDof six per cent., on
Also, tie threestory -')use, No. 22, adjoining on the Uriah F. Carpenter Benjamin A. Mott the Caital Stock, will be aid to the Stockholder, on and
corner ofDownig--the lower floor occupied as a respecta- James H.Tihus Joseph L. Frame, the C apital Stock, will be paid to the Stockholders, of the
ble Grocery Stone. Time entrance to this is from Down:ng Ebenezer Cauldwell KBank, for six months, ending the 31st inst. By order of
street, a id sepalte fi om the Store. The above lots are This Company continues to insure against loss ordam- the board of Directors,
20 by 44 feet--wiu be sold separate or together. age by Fire. on Buildings, Ships and other Vessels while in ja24 2w D. EMBERY, Cashier.
VHITE ST ILEET PROPERTY. port, Merchandise, Household Furniture, and otherperso
For sale thi Hduse a,,d Lot No 52 White street, two nal property J. L BOWNE, President. g 1HEMICAL BANK.-The President and Directos
stores, bricaronit, with a large workshop in the rear, and JAMES WILrIE. Secretary. s17 .J have this day declared a dividend of Four per cent. I
eight feet paage-way leading to it. The Lot is 30 feet OK 'I o the capital stock of the Instituio, payable to the stock-
front and .er, by 103 feet deep. It is the eighth Lot (rom 11L -ronsmveFE tNSUraNceswkhTh,1 c O holderB on wd after the ath dIA of&Feb- nextC The Strans
SPersons ewt opynholders on and after the 6th day of Feb. next. The trans
ront and way, by 103 f the northerly sidep. I is the street-e w h Lot may effecnsurances with thi company on fr ook will be closed until that time.
Broadway, e the northerly sie of the street-few Lots of their own lives, or the lives of others, and either for the Jan. 31st. 2w ARCH. CRAIG, Cashier.
the samedimesionartoIba. Apl ns h i
a t. L.VANDER VOORT, whole duration of life,um mayrfor be elimitemadperiodannua.Theo payn '01ICE.-The Rector, Church-wardens, and Vestry
3 No. 239 Broadway.remiummaybeeithermadeannualyorina of the Protestant Episcopal Church of St. Make's in
110LEVE4TH STREET LOTS FOe SALE.-Three Prsniums on one hundred dollars: the Bowery, in the city of New York, intend to apply to a
92A lots ilfee on North side of Eleventh street, between the Legislature of the State of New York, atitsprebentses-
5t Avenutand Wooster street, about 100 feet West of I ; sion, for the passage of a law, granting to the said- corpo-
W ooster steet; tach lot is 26 feet 5 inches front and rear o 5= 4) I m. r I W )a ration authority to take and hold real and personal estate
and 103 fec, 3 inches deep. Apply to- of the like amoutit, value or income, as is permitted by the
jal9 tf 173 Canal st., or No. I Nassau st. 15 77 88 i 56 39 1 57 1 76 3 11 provide for the incorporation of religious societies," passed
ST F l on Coubia, Cano 16 84 90 1 6 40 1 69 3 3 2March 5th, 1819, to the religious incorporations in the city
ra 5wi0 It Riviiarn. lhoison Hotnn lumbind Rvino 17 86 91 1 65 41 1 78 8 3 31 of New York therein mentioned. [A] ja3i 6w


ton streets.
6 do. on Rigs, and 5 on Pitt, between Delancy and Riv-
ington street.
3 do. on Boome, between Pitt and Ridge streets, and 2
on Pitt st.
2 do. on Atotnea', and 5 leased do. on Elizabeth at.
Apply at'hiscfiee. dtl 9
i'\OR '4LE-42 crews of Land, situated at the en-
V trance of Flushing Bay, Long Island, opposite St.
Paul's Colege, (the new establishment of the lLev. Mr.
Muhlenbtrgh,) 42 miles from Hallett's Cove and Hurl.
gate ferry
This police hasabeen known tor many years as Fish's
Point, having formed part of the estate of the late Samuel
Fish, andis bounded on the north by the East River, or
Long Isalnd Sound, on the west by land of Samue' Pal-
mer, Esg, on the south by a highway and land of Hon.
ThomasB. Jackson, and on the east by Flushing Bay.
The situation, soil, and surrounding advantages, render
this location one ofthe most desirable ever offered for im-


18 b9
19 90
20 91
21 92
22 94
23 97
24 99
25 1 00
26 1 07
27 1 12
28 1 20
29 1 28
30 1 31
31 1 32
39 1 33


33 1 34 1 48 2 57 57 2 70 4 20 6 27
34 1 35 1 50 2 64 58,3 14 4 31 6 50
85 1 36 l 53 2 75 59,3 67 4 63 6 75
36 1 39 1 57 2 81 60'4 a5 4 91 7 00
37 1 43 1 632 90 I


1 69
1 73
1 77
1 82
1 88
1 93
1 98
2 04
2 11
2 17
2 24
2 31
2 36
2 43
*2


42 1 85
43 1 89
44 1 90
45 1 91
46 1 92
47 1 93
49 1 94
49 1 95
50 1 96
51 1 97
52 2 02
53 2 10
54 2 18
55 2 32


1 89
1 92
1 94
1 96
l 93
1 99
2 02
2 04
2 09
2 20
2 37
2 59
2 89
3 21
3 5R


TRENCH GOODS.-THOMPSON, AUSTEN & CO.
15 William street, have received per late arrivals,
the following Goods, viz.
Rich flg'd Poult de Sole ; jet and blueblk Gros de Swiss
Plain cold Gros de Naples ; black Italian Lustrings
Hernani Gauzes ; French Calicoes
Printed Muslins ; brown Linen Drillings
Blk Silk Velvets ; blk Silk Serges
Rich fig'd Satins ; Broche Challies
4-4, 5-4 and 6-4 Italian Crapes ; blk Bombazines
3-4 Fancy Hdkfs. : 6-4 Broche Thibet Shawls
Garniture Ribbons ; 9, 12 and 16 Cap Ribbons
Broche Belt Ribbons ; bik and white op-a Silk Hose
Blond Lace Edgings; Fancy Silk Cravats, &c.
ja28 1w
CLUR COA GOAT SKINS, PEANUTS, &c.-
SGoat Skins-20,000 Curacoa Goat Skins of favorite
marks
Segars-83,500 Cuba Segars, entitled to debenture


,l, -- l1-- '--' 'L- Lap^^tt la Mm ...J. _OUSE REGISTER, NO.8 Wall St.--Persons de- 8- 1--.. *' '-______ ,- '|,, .
RR sirous of obtaining Houses, or Capitalists dispos.ed
HJ USEST ) C. to invest funds in City Lots. are invited to call and exani- [NOT 'ICE .
ins the Register kept by the subscribers of Houses and
_A TW STORY HOUSE WANTED in the Lots on sale. where they will lind upwards ofthirty hou- Fr EW YORK AND ERIE RAILROAD COMPANY
A TW STORY HOUSE WANTED in the ses of various descriptions, in eligible situations, and a -- [Extract from the MinuteR s o Jan.2Oth, 1837.O
First, seccd or third wa:ds.--Any person having large number of Lots in almost every part of the Island of "Whereas it is indispensable for the vigorous prosecu-
il a house f the above description, to let for a term New York REDWOOD FISHER, tion of thi work, that the subscriptions to its Capital Stock
of 3 or 5 rears from the first of May next, may JOHN NEILSON, Jr. be forthwith increased to THREE MILLIONS OF
hearofa goodtentbyapplyin at theoffice ofith,.ppr-r N. B. Bonds and Mortgages negotiated, aiwl money DOLLA PS, and whereas large donations fromthe pro.
before 10 o'cleckA. M. Rent must be moderate. Jal7 tf piocured on real securities ja 30 3aw2w ceeds of lands west oftlme Genesee River have been mnde
WANED TO RENT OR LEAS E-A Store, AND AGENCY.-For the coiivemienmce 01 gentlemen to the Comnpany for the purpose of facilitating the enter-
or Housr and Store in Broadway, b-tween the JA who residle at a distance.or who may be unacquainted prise, therefore,
I-1 City Hoil and Chambers street, west side. Ad. wilh the localities of this country, and desirous of entering "Resolved, That the proceeds of the aforesaid donations
.1. Ri dress Boif 116 Post Office. jan. 25 lands, I will attend to the locating and entering good til!a- be appropriated in the first instance to secure to such stock-
H )UE WANTED--Opposite the Bowlin| ble lands, either in this State or A:kansas, the cash being holders the payment of yearly dividends, at six per cent.
J#y,# Green g the Battery, with accommodations for furnished me, and allowing an iiiterestof one-fbimrth for my per annum, o0i all instalmrnts paid and to be paid In on
a alnil for which will be offered in exchange a services. From my acquaintance with such business, I such stock up to the first day of January, 1841 ; that all
IL pleasant and most desire ble residence in Broad- hope to be able to render satisfaction. sucl proceeds beyond the sums required for such dividends
way, between 1tnd street and Waverley Place. The WM. BOWIE COWAN, which shall be realized prior to thattime, shall their be dis-
house is complex, and faithfully built ; has mahogany Belleview, Washineton Co. Missouri, tributtd among such stockholders in further dividends,and
doors on the lowe floor, including the tea room, handsome References--Gen. Aug. Jones, Potosi, that on said first day of January, 1841, transferable certi&-
marble mantels,plate glass, grates, kitchen range, a cis- Dr. Rel e, Belleview, cates shall he issued by the Company to suci persons as
tern and well of :ood water, with large lot, free of all in- Dr. Samuel Merry, St. Lcuis, may then hoi I such stock, securing to them respectively
cumbrance. Tite indisputable. Address box 482, lower Hon. L. F. Linn, Senator, such proportion of interest in the residue of such proceeds
post office, descroing the premises I offered. ja30 3t Hon. A. G. Harrison, M. C. west of the Genesee River, as the number of shares then
Andei son & Thomson, St. Louis. ja174m held by each, respectively, shall bear to the whole of saiti
HOMUE WANTIoD-Wer med from the IFOR SALE-The three story brick Huse, amount of Three Millions, reserving out of the said dona
SMay ne, a loaiodern built Dwellistg House. in Broadwa and Lot, No. 195 East Broadway, between Jeffer tions such parcels of land as shall be required for stations.
any goo1 location in the city: west of Broadway an depots, and other present or future accommodations for Bbfe
Id buewoula be preferred. A lease will lie taken or a son and B uteers streets, on the south side of the depots, an other present or future accommodations for the
was TIehouseis'26 -idrond business ofthe Company.'
tern of' yearsif required. Address Box 1257 upper Post street he house i6 eet in fiont and rear, and (A truecopy.) T. J. WATERS, Secretary.
Ofli e. Jan 30 6tis 46 feet deep, with mahogany doors, marble mantels, &c.
Ihe h-,use may be seen from 3 to 6 o'clock, P.M. Inquire NOTIC.-Booksfor rece Subscriptionto the
WANTED TO RENT from the 1st of May 250 Front street, ja26 2w CapiNOTICE-al Stock Books for receiving Subscriptions to the
iw next, bYa small private family, a neat modern Capital Stock o this Company will be openedon Wednes.
IS built two story brick House, with basement, for a-a FOR SALE--House and Lot, 58 Greenwich day, Feb. 1st, at the Merchants' Exchange, from half past
lonetwo or three years, situated nea Broadway, t street, 109 feet deep, by 26 feet fro;t, and 34 feet 6 2 till half past 3 o'clock, and daily thereafter at the same
arent n eto exceed $600. Aflat roof house would be pre- roadway, inches rear. 'he house is 3 stories, commodious, place and time until further notice
rent rot to exceed $600. A flat rooe holose would be pre- and in good repair. Apply to DIRECTOM
ferred. Addrtss Box 1257 tipper Post Office. Jan.30 lwis and in goodI repair. Apply to DR iEcToRS.
C. BOLTON, FOX & LIVINGSTON, James G. King Wm. Beach Lawrence
'O L'r--T1 e four story store, No. 64 Lx ja26 8t 22 Broad st. Peter G. Stuyvesant George Griswold
iachangePlace, for one year from theI 1st of May Samuel B. Ruggles Jeremiah H. Pierson
:l aext, or possession willbe givenearlier if requir- EXCHANGE PLACE.-To be let, the lower Johna CoRter Cornelius W. Lawrence
LI d. 'Pply no C. H. RUSSELL & CO, Floor and Cellar of the new Store, No. 44 Ex-
AId.Pp)y to C. H. RUSSELL & CO, st finished. Possession i- Stephen Whitney George D. Wickham
ja20 2is 33 inle street. 11i:i change Place, now just finished. Possession im- J G Pearson eorge SRobbs
LING HOUSES, &c. FOR SALE mediately. Enquire of J Green Pearson George S. Robbihs
DWELLING HOUSES, &c. FOR SALE SELLING, STRONG & CO James Boorm.n Win EDodge
i or shle, the following houses on accommodating o26 tf No. 66 Pine street, up stairs Jno. Rathbone, Jr. John W. Leavitt ja31 tf
tMtrms,viz: House 770 Broadway, S E. coiner
A s f9th street, now occupied by the ,ev Dr. Skin- FOR S ALE- The new three story House and ML OTICE -The co-partnership heretofore existing be-
ner ; houie3 763, 767, and 769 Broadway, on the west side, A' Lot in 17th street, near Union Place It is the 2d GREEN at New Orleans, and in this city,under the firm of
the last oieforming the corner of 9th street. They are re- house from Union Place, and will be ready for GREEN at New Orleans, and in thi city,under the fim of
plete with'erery convenience, and possession can be given plA occupation on the l.t of April. Apply toEEN, expires this day, and is dissolved
-on the Istsay next. fel 2w J. GREEN PEA rSSON, 34 Wall st. by LINCOLN & GREEN.
Houses 118 and 125 Cedar street, near Greenwich HYDL VA.K --oer sale, or exchange for a New York, Dec. 3f, 1835
street. 18 Pa1ndes street, near Greenwich street, all in handsome house in the upper part of the city, a BRADFORD LINCOLN has taken BENJAMIN A
good condlionand well l,:cated for men of business. u Farm at Hyde Park, beautifully situated on the LINCOLN into co-partneiship, and will continue business
STABLES. Hudson river. under the firm of B. & B. A LINCOLN. j3
Three Stnbls in 10th street near Broadway, will be sold ALSO-For sale, or exchange for city property, several
with the abotfirst mentioned houses, or separately, Je- Farms on the Hudson river, in Washington county. .AYN E & WALSH, of ivladeira, having taken into
Fired. oornrheraparticulars. a psplyoton count .
sired. For her particulars, apply to fl tf J. A. BOOCOCK, 24 Nasau st partnership Henry B. Hart, of New York, will con-
ja31 4t N. G. CARNES, 117 Liberty street. ducttheir business for the future at Madeira, under the
TCLET OR LEASE--The two four story FOR SALE-The modern three story House, firm of Payne, Walsh & Co., and at New York, under
briclte now buildE t0e at d Sli No st 7 41 Barclay street, in complete order, finished in the firm of Hart, Walsh & Co., when, in addition to
bricgred now e uildong at Od Slip, wNos 27 I3 -iathe best style, with rich marble mantels. Russia the Wine Trade, they will attend to the General q'gency
"and between South and Front streets, will be aI rates and kitchen range. The Lot is 25 by 115 and Commission Business.
l ilet s^erate or together, and are well suited for an feet,on a6years' lease frm Columbia Cllege. The rear HERY B. HART,
extensive whesale Grocer, or a Commission House.- of the lot is bounded by the College green, and fitted up PETER WALSH,
Apply to iCHERMERHORN, WILLIS & CO, with a handsome -reen house. May be seen from 2 till 4 ABRAM PAYNE,
ja3l 10t 53 South street, o'clock. Apply at 31 Broad street. fel 3t* References.
HUSES FOR SaLE.-Two sniall two stot y BROAD WAY STORES -To let, from thefirst Messrs. Tinkham & Hart, New York.
briirclouses, and Is3, in Eleventh st, between of May, four stores in the Stuyvesant Insli- W. A. Caldwell & Sons, Charleston
theth and Severs h avenues. They are thed hlute," in Broadway, opposite Bond street. One V, illiam Gaston, Esq. Savannah.
eastdy houses in the block recently erected on or two Bookstores are much wanted in the neigh- ja21 tf Buchanan, Hagan & Co., New Orieans
the southerlyde of the street, and are rented Until the 1st borhood, and would meet with encouragement from the OPAZTNERSHIP- DAVIS & BROOKS having
of May next hey are finished in modern style, with eli- Institution. Also, the cellar story, which will -e well light- 4; this day associated with them Mr. THEODORE
ding doors. arble mantels, bronzed grates, basements, ed and of easy access, and may be used for two spacious DEHON, the business of the house will be continued un.
counter cel]v. &c. The price of one orfthem is $5,500, Refectories. Apply to er the firm of DAVIS, BROOKS & CO.
the other $5,0 ; oi which $2,500 en each can remain on fle 2w J. GREEN PEARSON, 34 Wall street. ew rk 2d Jany. 1837firmof DAVIS BROOKS & CO.
bond and mcgage. New York 2 SJany. 1837. J3 Imy u
Also-A t i story brick House, and Lot, in Fourth st, HOUSES FOR SALE.-Three 3 story Houses "'I OPARTNERSHIP.-Ttie undersigned have this day
between Bridway and Mercer street. Price $8000, of' in 20th street. A four story basement House in ) / formed a copartnership under the firm of AMORY,
which $5000an remain on mortgage. 21st st. LEEDS & CO., for the purpose of conducting the general
Also-An egant and superior three story brick House A two story House in 22d st. Dry Goods Commission business, which is this day relin.
in 22d streethe easterly one of those two which have just 1 three story House on the 9th Avenue. quished by Messrs. Brown Brothers & Co., and have
been erected Joseph Tucker & Richard Wight, builders, 5 three story Houses on the 10th Avenue. taken the tore No. 63 Pine street, occupied by them.
on the northly side of the street, about midway between A three story House, 37 1-2 feet front in 22d st. JONATHAN AMORY,
the 8th and f avenues. The lot is 37 feet front alid rear, All these Houses are built in the best manner, and fin- HENRY H. LEEDS,
and 98 feet 8iches deep. The house is 37 feet front and ished in the most elegant modern style. WILLIAM WATSON.
rear, and 50 3t deep; built upon the plan which is most Also, an elegant three story house now building in 14th Refer to'
approved athe present day. It has mahogany doors, street, near the 8th Avenue, to be finished by the 1st of Messrs. Brown Brothers & Co., New York.
with plated fniturein the principal story, marble chimney April. J. S& A. Brown & Co., Philadelphia.
pieces throughout, and Russia iron grates of the best qual. 2 Houses in St. Mark's Place I, c Alex. Brown & Sons, Baltimore.
ity arein preiration. The counter cellar is spacious, airy, 3 Dwelling Houses with Stores in Hudson street c" A. & A. Lawrence & Co., Boston.
light, and pfectly dry. The basement is finished In the A three story House, corner of 21st st. and 3d avenue. Wrr. S& I. Jas. Brown, Liverpool. J6 Im
best mannorin the kitchen is a copper boiler, reservoir, A two story House in Mercer st.
rotary pumu &c. from which water is conveyed to the Two 2 story Houses in lHoratio st. Apply to "JTEW-YORK AND HARLEM RAILROAD CO.-
bathing roooakt'ich is complete. There is a well of ex- fel Im J. A. BOOCOCK, 24 Nassau st. .L% Notice is hereby given to the holders of stock of the
cellent waterothe premises; and in the yard are two co- New York & Harlem Railroad Company, and to thle pub-
vered passage rys leading to the rear. if'hTTAWA AND CHEBOIGAtN.-Sorme very eligible lic, that on Monday, the 6th day of February next, a sub.
ered passage'ays leading to the rear. .; situated property in these important places for sale, scription for the sale o[8,000 shares of stock, authorized to
Terms easy28 apply to N LUDLUM, wa or exchange for properly in this city. be issued and sold by the 4th section of the act of bhe Legis-
ja2S 443 Broadway. ALSO-Utica property, consisting of about twenty Lots aiure of this State, passed April 12, 1836, will be taken at
FOISALE- Six Houses and Lots in fee, in at the intersection of Whitesboro' and Genesee streets, the office of the Company, No 18 Wall st, 3d story front
Chaustreet, (West Broadway,) between Thom- Apply to J. A. BOOCOCK, room, between the hours of 11 M and 2 o'clock PM ;
as anDuane sts. They will be sold together or fel tf 24 Nassau street, and that the books for said subscription will continue open
separely. The above property offers a fine op- Ill not to exceed 3 days. That on Monday, the first day of
portunity for thinvestment of money to yield income. Ap- subscription, persons appearing on the b ,oks of the Com-
ply at the officef EDWARD H. LUDLOW, No. 1 Nas- 9Ei pany, as owners of the old stock, will be allowed to sub.
sau street, corner of Wall st., up stairs. dl2f Scribe exclusively lor such proportion of the new stock as
Thee st FOR SALE. o IRE INSURANCE.-The MERCHANTS' INSU- they hold of the old and in default of such subscription on
La Theat e story Brick House, No. 31 Bond st.,'4 RANCE COMPANY, in IBOSTON--Capital the part of thestockholders, or any of them, the amount of
the lot 25 feet front, 120 deep; the house is 25 $400,000, all paid in and invested--Continue to insure the stock thus subscribed, will be open to the public, and
by 52eep. This house is finished in good style, against Fire on Merchandise and Builddings in the city of will continue open for subscription, by any applicant or
with Mahoganloors, in 1st story, marble mantels and New, York. Applications for insurance or renewal ofpo- applicants, until the whole shall be taken. Subscribers
will b, required to pay on subscription, to time Secretary of
grates, with unmrcellar, and finished throughout, inclu- licies, left at the store of A. BIGELOW, Jr. 48 Pine st., the Company, required to pay on subscription, their subscrtary of
ding the garret A brick tea room in rear and piazza in will be attended to. JOSEPH BALEP, Pres't. the Company, 25 per cent on the amount of their subscrip-
rear yard, hanomely finished with a good well, pump, Boston, 12th Jan. 1837. Ja16 3tis&ostft lion at par, and the remainder with interest, in such instal-
and cistern, wi a brick coach house on the rear of the merits as the Board of Directors may afterwards order ; but
lot ;further paiculars is unnecessary, as no one will pur- FOHE HOWARD INSURANCE COMPANY-New subscribers may have the option at any time, of making
chase withoutobkingat the premises. The house can be J. Capital $300,000-Office, No. 54 Wall street.-This their shares full stock by paying the entire sum due with
seenfrom 12 tt o'clock, P.M. Company continues to make insurance against loss and interest, ongiving 3 days', notice thereof to the Secretary.
Also, the thr story Brick House, No. 49 Bond street, damage by fire and inland navigation. The books of transfer will be closed from the 4th to the
the house is 25tet front, and 45 feet deep- lot 75 feetdeep. DIRECTORS, 9th February, both days inclusive. By order,
This house hamn under cellar, and i: finished throughout R. Havens, President, Cornelius W. Lawrence, A. C. RAINETAUX, Secretary of the
including the gret with atea room in the rear, and piazza. Najah Taylor, Wm. Couch, Ja30 dtFl0 New York and Harlem Railroad Co.
Also, a well,pnp and cistern in the yard. For further J. Phillips Phenix, John Morrison, MO I C A NIN OMP
particulars, inlre of TIMOTHY WOODRUFF, David Lee, Caleb O. Halstead, JIMOeIC CANAL & BANKING COMPANY.
ja 13 tf 20 1st Avanue. Wm. W. Todd, Jehiel Jageer, HEt1 Jersey City, Januar 26th, 1887.
1 tf -20 f t e in t st oe Moses Allen, B. L. Woolley, i HE Board of Directors have declared a semi annual
TO r~I'-eTwo front offices in the store 33 Micah Baldwin, Joseph Otis, Dividend out of the nettprofits of the-Company, of Four
Botre "- .. .Forterms, apply to Fanning C. Tucker, Meias D. Benjamin, per cent., which will be paid to the Stockholders or their
iZsir f> & 00., n K juiU 3>- ir-., lIalrnImororentativae. on and after the 10th February.
.-Iii ja2-w 91 Wallst. 3. V fiVaniim. .-... --T-e-Ti.netfRa s--wU aokecLwrOc l .- STO1ET, and uimeaiate possession given, a LEWIS PHILLIPS, Secretary, of February, both days inclusive.
spacia, modern built three story House, in the Jan. 13th, 183f7. Jal4 Ini ja30 tt 10 A. ALEXANDER, Cashier.
| uppesrt of the city, having every convenience QUITABLE FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, ECANICS' BANK, N. York Jan. 21, 1837.
flnor ti residence of a fashionable family. Ifde .EA Wall street.-Renewed Capital, $300,000. HE Board of Directors have this day declared a divi-
sired, two vact lots, adjoining the house, will be added DIRECTORS. dend of (6) six per cent. on the capital, payable to the
to the garden., or particulars, apply to Harve Wood Sheherd Kna Stockholders on the first of February ensuing. The trans.
NTHONY CARROLL, 1 Pine street, Lambert Suydam Abraham G TKnapp on fer book will be closed from the 25'h to the 31st instant, in-
a29dtf corner of Broadway. Samuert Sydam Abraham ThomponKent elusive. H. BALDWIN, Cashier. .23 2w
TOET-OE'-The spacious, modern built House. J. Green Pearson Wmin. Burgoyne ERCHANTS' MARINE INSURANCE COM-
a No. 6Gighth Avenue, near 4th street, with two Wm. B. Lawrence Samuel Bell LIV. PANY.-The Stockholders of this Company, are
h lots gaining as a garden. Above premises in Joseph W. Duryee GeorgeRapelye hereby notified, that an election for twenty-five Directors,
-llliJfirst r( order Immediate possession given. Louis Decasse Henry Bates ; will be held at the office of the Company, No. 44 Wall st.,
nf8 Apply to A. CAltROLL, 1 Pine street. Charles Hoyt Leo lard Bradley on Tuesday, the 7tl day of February next. The pollwill
Hn3E ON BPOADWAY FOR SALE. -T'he Amasa Wright Fmederick Demning. open at 12 o'clock M., and close at 1 P. M.
Smode ad new three tory House 768 Broad- THOS. R. MERCEIN, President 5 ja23 t7 feb JOHN D. JONES, Secretary.
al wavyetween Clinton Place and Ninth st., built JOSEPH STRONG, eretary.II
~in 181 with all the modern iniproveinents, with ~Applications for insurance against loss or damage by fire, IVIDEND.-The Board of Directors of the Honand
i~an 18 th anpllthe moderni i prloeents, with on' tBuildings, Household Furniture, lerchandize, .c., f Insurance Company, have declared a dividend of
mahogany dots anti flared furniture to the parlors, mar- will receive prompt attention, and insurance will beeffect- aiteen per cent. on the new capital stock, payable on and
while mantels argrates throughout the house, counter eel- ed on liberal terms. d1d after 10th January, 1837.
lar, &c. It isow in fine order. Possession on the 1st of J34w LEWIS PHILLIPS. Secretary.


D1 i. CUTYL E ,
DENTIST,
n5 6m 76 Chambers street.

M R GIDNEY, DENTIST, (formerlyof No. 26 Park
Place.)--Alter an absence ef several years, has the
pleasure of announcing to his former patrons and the
public his return, in improved health to this his native
State; and purposes resuming his practice in this city,
which, as usual, will embrace every necessary operation
for the improvement and preservation of'he Human Teeth
Mr.G.has brought with him the bestof every article used in
the profession, and which,with the additional advantages of
three or four years extensive practice inthe second metro-
polis of England, togeti.er with his former visit to Eirope,
under the recommendation of the late Gov. Clinton and the
Right Rev. Bishop Hobart, for professional improvement,
in which he attended several courses of Lectures on Dental
Science by Profess.rs of the Royal College of London,
Paris, &c., he tusts will again insure him a fair potion of
public pationage. For the better accommodation of his
friends in the upper part ofthe city, he has taken the house
No. 45 Bleecker street, a little east of Broadway. Hours
from 9 till I, and 2 till 6 s8 6m*
rT HE FACULTY are respectfully informed, that the
J. Vapour Bath Establishment at 280 Broadway Is now
furnished with a convenient Sulphur Bath, and that Hot
Air B.ths can also be administered at all times. These
auxiliaries have been added to the establishment at the
suggestion ol several physicians, at whose orders several
Portable Bathsare also kept in readiness. j4


I
a



a


R. J. R. CHILTUN, Operative Chemist andApo.
thecary, respectfully informs the public that the es-
ablishment Ibrmerly belonging to his father, (the late Mr.
George Chilton,) will hereafter be conducted under his
mame, at the old stand No. 263 Broadway.
All orders for Chemical and Philosophical Apparatus,
Chemical Preparations, &c. will be executed withdespateh.
Every new preparation or instrument that the science o t
Chemistry may bring forward, can be obtained, as soon as
possible, after they have been made known.
Ores, Minerals, Mineral Waters, &c. analyzed; Metals,
assayed and refined; commercial articles. &c. tested with
accuracy as heretofore. iae
rjO DENTISTS AND OTHERS.--Just received a
,r large supply of Platina Wire and Plate of assorted
lizes.
Also a fresh supply of the Oxcides of Titanium, Cobalt,
Tungsten, Gold, &c. For sale by
J. R. CHILTON. Operative Chemist, &c.
ja6 263 Broadway.


W R WHITE WASHING, COLORING, AND.CAR
PET SHAKI NG, &c. done as usual under tif ia
section of THOS. DOWNING & CO.
Jy]3 istf 5 Broad street.


COALS.
I N UT COAL.-The subscribers have on hand a iu pplt
of good Nut Coal, suitable for stoveor manufactur-
ing uses, for sale at the lowest market price, ..
LA ING & RANDOLPH, 250 Washington et.,
corner of East Broadway and Gouverneur sts, and Le Roy
and Greenwich sts. ja21
g ACKAWANA COAL-A prime lot of about 100 tor.os
A for'sale ata low price. Apply at the Clinton Coal
Yard, 156 Monroe street.
Jl0 lm THOMAS EDDY.
CHUYLKILL COAL AGENCY.-The Subscriber
v. will deliver at the door of Consumersthe first ciuali-
ty Schuylkill Coal at the lowest market prices.
Orders left at either of the Yards, No. 1 Laurensetreet,
145 RivinPton, corner Suffolk, or Washing;on,corner Jane,
will be attended to. JED. ROGERS, Agent.
Orders received at No.6 Front st. d8
IVERPOOL, SIDNEY AND FICTOU COALS.-
Justreceived by late arrivals, a supply of the above
Coals. suitable for family and manufacturing purposes,for
sale in lots to suit purchasers, by
LAING & RANDOLPH, 250 Washington at.,
cor. (if Le Roy & Greenwich sts., and cor. East Broadway
and Gouverneurst. d27
SC.HUYLKILL COAL AGENCY.-Tlie subscriber is
!n w prepared to deliver the first quality Schuylkill
Coal ti consumers, at the following prices, viz:
Broken, or Egg size, screened ........ $11 50 per ton
Nut. ............................ 10 60
Cleanunbroken lumps...............10 50
All free of cartage.
Consumers are reminded that Coal can be delivered I
n*uch better condition early than late in the season.
Apply at the Yards, No. 1 Laurensstreet, near Canal-
and in Rivington street, corner Suffolk
JEDEDIAH ROGERS,
Agent Schuylkill Coal Company.
Orders maybe left at No. 6 Front street. n8
EACH ORCHARD COAL, from the celebrated
"Spohn Vein."--The subscriber has now in yard.
his usual supply of this superior fuel, which will be deli
vered to consumers, at the present market prices.
Order s will be also received, for Lehigh, Lackawana, or
Liverpool Coals: and if left at the Post Office,at Whiting
& Norvill's, cor. Catharine and Madison streets, or at the
Clinton Coal Yard, No. 158 Monroe street, near Rurgers
street, will be attended to.
all THOMAS EDDY.

LACKAWANA COAL.
SUMMER PRICES.
T OW LANDING at the foot of Chambers street, from
S large Fulton, superior new Lackawana Coal, mined
this season. A. barge will be discharging every business
day in each week
Consumers will find it an advantage to give their orders
early. WM. G. JONES, Union Coal Office,
je27 tf corner of Chambers and Washington sts
PEACH ORCHARD AND SCHUYLKILL COAL.
FINHE best quality of this fuel, of different veins, from
1 the most approved mines, for sale at lowest market~
price. WM. G. JONES, Union Coal Office,
je27 corner of Chambers and Washineton sis.
1W OVA SCOTIA COAL.-1500 clihadrons Sydney Coal,
suitable for distilleries, steama-enrines, and black
smiths; 500 do. Pictou, used principally in the manufac-
ture of iron. The above coals will be sold low. Apply to
GEO. ABERNETHY, 1 Beaver street,
or at the Coal Yard foot of Adams street, Brotklyn. "
PEACH MOUNTAIN COAL.-The subscribers have
k still on hand a quantity ol the above valuable fuel,
which they offer for sale in the lump, broken and screened,
egg.and nut sizes, at the lowest market price.
LAING & RANDOLPH, 250 Washington
street, cor of LeRoy and Greenwich sts., and East Broad
way and.Gouverneur at. y jl6
IVERPOOL ORREL COAL, Afloat.-Juat received
by the ship Unicorn. a cargo of Liverpool Orrel Coal,
ofsuperior quality and large size, selected for family use
and all lowered in the hold. For sale in lots to suit pur-
chasers, by LAING & RANDOLPH,
250 Washington st., cor. Leroy and Greenwich
sts. and East Broadway and Gouverneurst.
A Ilso for sale as above, Sidney and Pictou Coal. jl6
N I HI- I I

WANTS.
S' RENCH DRESS MAKER and Seamstress wanted in
F a respectable family. The best recommendations
will be required both for character and capability. Wages
very liberal, and situation permanent. Apply at this office.
fel Iw
IALESMEN WANTED.-The subscribers are in want
S of three or four young Men as salesmen in their retail
store. Also, a young man accustomed to the jobbing busi-
ness. Those who can produce the most satisfactory refe-
rence as to character and ability, may apply in the morning
before 10 o'clock. Also, two Boys about 14 years of age,
to do errands. JAS. PATON & CO. 92 Wm at. fel 3t&
WANTS A PLACE AS WET NURSE-A young
married woman, with a fresh breast of milk, who
can produce satisfactory recommendations as to charac-
ter. Please apply at the house of Mr. Gallagher, No. 120
Mott street, J7 3awlm
W ANTED-In a wholesale Grocery Store, a young
man to attend to the books only. Address box
1458 Post Office, in the applicant's hand writing. ja30
W ANTED-In a wholesale Grocery Store, a young
S man calculated to take part of the charge of the
business, and well acquainted with goods, and attend to
sales. Address box 1458 Post Office. ja30
S ESK WANTED.-Wanted. a good single or double
B counting-house Desk; apply to
jal7 A. T. STEWART '& CO. 267 Broadway
M INERS WANTED.-Mlners will find steady emn
ploynient, good wages, and cash payments, at Car
bondale, Luzerne county, Penn. For further partlculars, i
inquire at the offioo of the Dlo-v.r -- -1 t..-.-
Gb..Ia W LaL~au.i. ....- -
PARTMENTS TO LET.-A few furnished apart-
Sments, bedrooms, with or without parlors annexed,
and with or without breakfast and tda, may be had in a
house pleasantly situated in the upper part of the city; a
few minutes' walk Iromin Broadway. For terms arnd other
particulars, address Box 1662 Post Office. j0S 31at
P JACKET SHIP PHILADELPHIA, FROM LOffJ-
DON.-Consignees by the above ship are requested
to send their permits on board, or to the office of the sub-
scriber, without delay. All goods not permitted within five
days will be ordered to the public store.
Ja31 JOHN GRISWOLD, 70 South sft.
3B7OR SALE-An elegant family Coach. It has beenin
_t use only about two months, but in consequence of
tile owner having left the city, will be sold much below its
value. Inquire ot COOK & SONS, No. 2 Canal street.
d30 tf
nHE DELAWARE AND HUDSON CANAL
COMPANY have removed from No. 28 Wall street
to the r new Banking House, at the coiner of William artd
Pine streets, ja24 2w '