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New-York observer
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 Material Information
Title: New-York observer
Uniform Title: New-York observer (New York, N.Y. 1829)
Alternate title: New York observer
Alternate Title: Observer
Physical Description: 84 v. : ;
Language: English
Publisher: Morse, Hallock & Co.
Place of Publication: New-York N.Y
Creation Date: March 19, 1836
Publication Date: 1829-1912
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Presbyterian Church -- Newspapers   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- New York (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- New York County (N.Y.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- New York -- New York -- New York
Coordinates: 40.716667 x -74 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Issued also on microfilm by American Theological Library Association.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 7, no. 1 (Jan. 3, 1829)-v. 90, no. 22 (May 30, 1912) = whole no. 295-whole no. 4647.
Numbering Peculiarities: From 1851-Dec. 6, 1888, issued in 2 parts called: Religious department, and: Secular department, using the same numbering scheme.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
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Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 02414416
lccn - sn 87099999
System ID: UF00073667:00001
 Related Items
Preceded by: New-York observer, and religious chronicle
Succeeded by: Christian work and the evangelist

Full Text










NEW-YORK, SATURDAY, MARCH 19, 1836. SIDNEY E. MORSE & CO. EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS. VOLUME XIV. NMBR 12


--WHOLE NO. 671,


/ <:7 .f, /


gretted on many accounts. But it would certainly
be better than continual warfare. The only terms
upon which we can live in peace, are, tHal our
northern brethren withhold from all interference
with our wives, our childrenn, our men-servants,
our miaid-servant., or any thing belonging to zus.
Let; us judge of duty for ourselves; it is all' we ask,
and we shall have peace. Of one thimg we are as-
sured, the Assembly can do no pood by- meddling
with the matter; they can and will do a great deal of
mnischief, if they do act upon it."
The editor of the Charleston Observer copies the
above communication from the Soutllern Herald,
with the fiollowking preluce:
7" The Next General Asseably.-The opinion be-
gins to obtain that thile next General Assembly of the
I'resbyterian church will hb the last.\ihat shall col-
vcn:e under the present organii-/;tio. It cannot h(
disguised that there is a spirit at work unlhvorahle
to the continuance of the union which hlas hitherto
bound our churches togethiier in comparative harmony
aind i: Christian flloowship, u ider one common stand-
ard. Its origin is multilorm. Tihe accessions to our
numerical stren-'th, of those wnose education and
predilections are all in favor ol Congregationalism-
tlhe propensity to innovation in doctrine and in dis-
cipline, which hias been rapidly increasing, the com-
biinations which have been formed lor carrying par-
ticular measures, the acrimony which has accom-
panied the exhibition of tlhe views which have been
respl.ctively entertain ed, the 'collisions in ecclesiasti-
cal judica[uries, the evasions which have been prac-
iised so utterly remote from gospel simplicity, the
wanton disregard which. has been shown to the con-
stitutional rules of the Church-the captiousness of,
contending parties reselling the pettilogging tirts
that disgrace what are misnamed, courts ot'f justice-
tlie growing deficiency in mutual confidence and ira-
ternal aflecdion-these are arnong the causes which
seem to indicate a dissolution o' the bonds by which
we hayp boen united as a church, and greatly blessed,
far beyond our deserts, by its Head anrid its King. Nor
are these the only portentous omens that darken our
horizon. 'T'he subject of the annexed article which
has been ceomnmended to our notice, both by the writer
and tile Editor of the Southern Christian Herald,
may conlbine with others in producing the result
which somue lave anticipated-- which iome wish-
but which we cannot look upon as.possible, but with
painful emotions. It may be expedient, as the article
suggests, for the Presbyteries at the South to elect
their Representatives, with n view to this question-
and it will doubtless have its l'ull influence as it mani-
fiestly should. But there are other considerations
which demand immediate and practical attention. If
tlie state of religion be low in the churches, human
forecast will avail but little in remedying evils of
whatever nature. And if we are to be chasl ised aind
broken asunder by the spirit Ot discord, it will not ibe
Ibr our righleou-ness sake, but a just punishment f)r
our manifolbld offences. Let this be remembered. Andl
ht us take warning by tlie providential dealings of
God towards those churches which h.i.ve been chas-
tened in other days, that his wrath may be stayed by
our timely repentance."
The concluding remarks of the editor of the Obser-
ver will commend themselves to all who pray for the
peace and prosperity of the Presbyterian church and
of' our beloved Union. The time for the meeting of
thle General Assemnbly is now very near, and no time
is to be lost in seeking tbr that wisdom which can
spring only from deep repentance, humiliation and
prayer.
RELIGIOUS OPERATIONS IN TEXAS.
Rev. SUMNER BAtON, who hias been engaged for
about three years in tlie distribution of' tihe Bible in
Texas and Mexico, gives the following report of' his
labors during the last summer.
On the 12th of April last, I attended the first an-
niversary of the St Augustine Bible Society. At
tliat time, it had received no books from the pa-
rent Society, but has since received a supply,
though none of the books have as yet been distribu-
ted, owing to the lact that no competent person could
be Iprocured to iact as distributing agent. 1 preached
eight or ten times in the vicinity of' St. Augustine
arnd Nacogdoches. T1he state of religion was then
lower in thaint section than I have ever known it,
though the congregations were large lor f.his country.
I left that region about tlie first of May for the Bras-
ses, in which section I remained till the last of Sep-
tember ; during vhich time I supplied more than one
hundred antd twenty-five destitute persons with the
Bible, and distributed among the destitute more than
three hundred Testaments, more than the half of
which were giving grailuitously. Thre.. schools have
been furnished with Testaments as school-books, to
be used in these schools by the present and all suc-
ceeding, teachers.
iilrelatioHj 0 tilie SpaRms iuG CLd Testaments
furnished me for distribution, I hAve succeeded much
better than I anticipated. I have succeeded in pla-
Cing a Bilile or Testument in I.he iiatds or every
Mexican I have met tliat could read : and when :hey
have money they willingly pay for them. It is much
to be regretted that so few copies of thle Scriptures
are in circulation among this people. A greater
portion of the population can read than is generally
imagiaed--perhaps it would not exceed the truth to
say that three-fburths of the entire population are
able to read thle word of God. We hope the friends
of the Bible will extend a liberal hand to the cause,
aa tlie two Socicries in Texas need the alms oe Chris-
tians in the United Stales to enable them to supply
the. whole Mexican population, tliat they may have
tile word of God not only in their houses, but in their
heaLrts.
My operations have been, frorn I(lie Sabine to San
Antonio, and fironm the Gulpl into the interior, about
liour hundred miles; embracing a tract of country
twice as large as the State of Tennessee, and requi-
ring a travel of some five or six tlhousand miles, du
ring which I preached, upon an average, about three
times a week, to congregations, generally respucltable.
I can salbly say tliat there has been a gradual mnoral
improvement, though no signal displays ot' divine
grace. I have knowledge of only four who profess
ro have been born again during tile last season, all
of whomn are hieads ol la nilie!:.
I atteudfd a camp tneeling, commencirl' on the 3(d
of' September, about twenty miles from San Felipe.
On Sablitha.i, ihe congregation nunibered iriom 800 to
l';00 ; thle sil''rdient, was i-Jminister ed to twenty-nine
commnnunicants, five of whom were ministers of the
gospel, two ot tlhe Methodilst Episcopal Chuich, one
Protestant Metliodlst, and two Presbyterians


During the season I have organized two Sabbath
schools, one in the town of San Felipe under the
c('are of three pious friends, and the other in Coles'
settlement under thle superintendence of Capt. John
Dix, a member of the Presbyterian Church, and fromi
hiis piety and zeal it is hoped much good will result.
PThis latter school is convenient to a literary school
taught by Mrs. Fiances Taish, late from Massachu-
s atts, a ltdy of'superior aciquiremcnts, competent t.c
teach in institutions where her labors would be niuch
better rewarded .han they can be here. But hoping,
tor the blessing of Hini who always rewards virtue,
she willingly undergoes thie privations incident to a
new country, thliat she may impart, usefltl instruction
to the youth ot TEXAS. She has had about thirty
pupils under her care during the past seaLson.--Cum-
berland Presbyterian.
From the Religious Maia;ine.
THE SKY-KI(OCKET DISCIPLE.
Reader, you have doubtless seen a sky-rocket.
You saw it start in a flash--go hiissing with its l iery
tr;iin into the sky-sparkle for a moment and leave
Small in darkmiess again.
The Rocket, reside being the glory "of stupid
starers and of loud ,/,,Z I." tlas some other uses. 1!
alfords a t'ood illuslration of' the character of "cer-
tain ofl the dlisc il les."
There are sonme, who start out of their spiritual
Slumber, now and then, like the rocket bursting out
of the darkness. Some flash or other has set them
in a blaze. They were powder, inert enough under
the lock and key of thle magazine ; but, the spark hai
fallen and ignition has taken place.
Now tLie suddlenness ol the start is not so much the
object of rebuke, as that moral state which make;
any thing like a start necessary. Disciples, lig-hts
of the world," should fiiine on like tlhe unwearied
sun. Kindled once, they should burn with increasing
brightness forever.
The rocket dashes furiously on its way ; so do some
disciples. It is nriot the steady march and irnm loot-
step of the diiciltined soldier; the cool, dcteraiined
advance of the veteran. The disciple whlo so lived
that he requires to be started before lie can do his
duty, will lit like to start off in some erratic course
as thle rock, whose hardness requires powder, is like-
ly to h,,: scattered in dangerous Iragtments.


I stars of the firruament. A few more of us would con- here, as to ,1, best mode in which yon can aid thle I France, nearly the whole expense has to be horne, by wielh. such an influence on t( e worldl ? O, it will hl
lbund the sun utid make the moon ashamed."' So cause of Christ in this great country. When your lle Society. But ti. does o ditcorae r wi lii i blese dy en your Soie flly wolves
theSo~rly Bu ttl d e8not di.ScourI-, Ler\ .llabese dyw en your Society fully resolves to ell-.
some velhement disciples. Give mr but a few kind- bounty arrives, I will intformn you of tote :fact, and give thel' blessing of thn Lord, cv.-:ry year the strength of cr pon ihis great work--aw work which is just. a
red spirits, and how wE would drive tle charioL of you any other information which may be necessary, these new churches iiocreu,.sMe. It is a matter Of rc!;sly c:l"cdiee b that obr t11he helihen world, and] it
salvation. As it now is the great mass of ochristians First, have to tIllak you, not. only in my own thanksgiving, that t(ie !Lord. puts it ito the hearts o! w]iih there are both peculiar encouragements. and
around us look like rush-lights at noon-day." nMime, but also in thllat of thle dear friends of the Sa- thle people to be 1 i., to atlteldl those places of diiliculties.
You poor sorry tin, ad the Rocket, as it vior in this a, br te alpropriation whicli you preacig whlien opened. The greater portion of But must close. Pray forus. I feel much en-
Spor sorry thling ppropriation wl you preachin Pr
saw thle feeble gliimmering of a distant lamp, you have made. It is most opportune. And the excel- those, who do so are Catholics, nominally >,o, who couragcd. We have rumors of war between Franco.
poor sorry thiing, burning down there all alone, no- lent letter whici you have sent, leads us to hope that are tired of the unsatisfying services of tie Romrnish a;:d America. But I hope this dreadful evil will not
body notices y(,u. You had better go out and done it may possibly be only thle first fruits of`,your benev- worship, tn.ii place. If it should, let me add nm ,,,ii., nid
with it. Howinsignificant." olent effort,.. in behalfofl' this important station. Is it not, mny dear -hrother, of thile utniost irnplor- prver to thoseof mayxc ntFrn.hChrsi;,i
'.';ie Lamp modestly replied: I cannot po like The second reniark which L have to make is, that lance that tht fields \vhicli are here growing white !ler:, that it nay not cause, Christian; in Anerice:i to
thyself, dear other, gaming inso the sky, but 1 the prolspet: of the redaiscitation of true religion in lbr the harvest, s1oud be stupplicd with reapers? relax Lii ellbris in belll'ot ilecause of Chri i'l
trust I Rve ase though an lhuble employment, tis country is growing gradually brighter. I was For centuries, thde dj.or has never been so completely Ibis c)o1ntry. wish I could ie with your C omiit.-
wherey atin. And as for going out, 1 am living, greatly em(:ouraged, as you must have perceived, opened for ihe production of the'lrue Gospel, in this t.cc for faw l on;rs, or at your next annual incelirr..
arnong other tlings, to do tlhee itkind ollice in return when nI list \vro'le e you. But I am far more -s( now. country, as it. is tnow.. L(et ts hope and npray itlat it, B_)..,till hat wil lnot lhe possibh..
bfor thy prest-nt scorn. Notwilhstanding ;i!l thy pre- Thlie reasons fr this encourageet are ai'ld y coniri opn. 'iat rany ol' tlte intelligelit I expect to spend M sent glory and triumph, I am expecting every mno- One is lthe reasonable prospect which th ere i, that people of thIlis nalioi are tired ui "infidelity is certain, places in the outh ,) France, a. d i]ay il Enh)nd.
nllent ia sutcns to thy lftuiernl. It will shliortly be this goverintient will be maintained. It is now ;)-s They have tried it o their lt-rt' content. They Yours truly, ROBEKr BAIrD.
true, brother, lhai, if' there be anythiiig of ail thy troughly ealoblislied as anlly governmnt can b'e fel the ruth o' 0'erir' s flying remark, that "Franci,.
glory worth lo ,kig form, they will litved my poor aid expectdl to be, in tliis nation, uniLl tlhe pure andpu- neiteds religion,"; an c;-lnot do wilhIdit. It. 'Tha. 'From the, christian Intelligencer.
to find it, and furnish it lbr a decent. burial.'' fyig principles oi"the Gospel exert an all-perv;ding mitany person are reu iirig to the Catholic churches, A PRAISEWORTtIY IEXAMPLE.
A lamp in Zion, shining with a a clear and steady iiil ,i ... And this govetrnmellt is as lavorable, on lnotl, > i l .. whither els t to resort lbr a ktnowled'e W OISe iliscrt, 1 itl h pleasure hoe lollowilw )g resolutions
ligit-a firm, dhhiiht, enduring" Christian, is better the whole, pxrhap to ehibrls to promote the king- of' ( li.' *., :s but Loo true. But still, amid ;!ll ofihe Boatrd ofiMarllagers o0'ihe Missionw.ry Sicly
than a sky-rocket di.sciplie, fl I liII_ atnd dazzling fotr dor ofGod as could be exlpctcd, the rnor, l dafrkness and deatli whCich overhangI thits i [Relidrued DueillChu.cli ir Broone slrai,
an hasty moment, anti then sinking suddenly ito Another reason lr enourageent is to le found in great naflton, there s the dawning of a better day. I,-anid ., s fr uliaion y the Cor-pn-
darkness. SIMON. the lact that the Bible,i Tract, and Forei-gn Mission And is it not imporluit lor us to do all that wce can i.ig Sec'etary of our Board of Forei.n .Mis'-iup
a sFroie iSi r r, steadily advancing, and eulisting the to increase thislight il thie noon-day -,,,. o The liber. pldf e of' theI chc urch in Broome s;tl'ci'l,,
A APPEAI TO AMREICAN CHi ISTIAS IN hearLs and'hands, more deeply, on Lthe little blinds of thile GOspel shall be enjoyed by this nation'? \\ Iw'r o-. pporltota brein mis.-sonary .il the 6ic4., is one,
ANAPPEALevangelical Chr.istians which are scattered np and else in the worlt cnnor e ,!o.o, r one(o with w th e influernce ol witch will condurce to the pronnonic,
SBEHALF OFiu KuAI CE. down i.tlirouglout 1rance. 'lie efforts of these so- greater hope of it eerip.g a pervdg influence on ,heir own spiritual interest, and by the fbrct; of
Nothing. has come to our hands recently, whicli deties are enlarging, perhaps, as last as could be ,ex- Ie worlld'? There is no nation perhaps which could l exalnp.,' .-prea .ei s;alitr- inlflueine in the church'.s
appears better adapted to promote the object of' the peL'ed, when we consider how very small is the do it' it were brought fully under Ihe Influence at. lay y b tnlly alize h;,t" i
Monthly Concert of Prayer, tlhan the appeal from ber of thefaithtul followers ol the Lamb in this of tlhe Gospel, lo bul! up te kingdom of' Christ aring other-, they are waered lhenselvey:."
our correspondent ill Paris, which we deem it our country. throughout the earth, or at any n.ite throughout a'e
!duty to explain and urge in the l'ollowing remarks. But most fall does the Evangelical Society pros- Etrope. hothe Ieiuare, the customns, the science, hroiri'hou;ry Society of thel Ueforincd Dutch Churoc
Our readers, we trust, will require no apology Ibr its per, even far beyond the expectattion of is friends. i lhe literature of'I France pervade Europe, and indeed rO rt or ore iios F il5, ] .
insertion under this ntiad. When I speak of' its prosplerity, 1 refer chiefly to t ltile civilized world. Paris is iheo yrcat cavpil)l of l{csolved, Tnat this. Board linlbrmhe Board nt
It will be ru(collected that among the resolutions calls lmadei upon it. anl(] eibrts which it is now making Europe, os it regards influence. This is a wonderful Foreign Missions of tie Gnemra! S ncd nf Ihe lRe-
atdopteti at. thle last anniversary of the American to meet thcse calls. 'Thih will be made more appait- act, and ite ktingiom of Christ were iestablislvd in P rne(l Dutch Church, thi this Society have delur-
HIone INMissionary Society was the following, viz.: rent by a sornewhat l full statement oi tis city antic throughout this nation, wliat igliy ined o support issi-ary to China Or O
Resolved, That tle signal blessings which have The Evangelical Society is now in the third influence would be exrtd on Europe to turn the t s, r te care ad di-
hitherto attended the operations of this S(ciety, al- year of' its existence. It was formed upon a plan entire coiiliwnit to tlee Lord! And what tanks reelion of the Board of Foreign Missions./at su'it
fIrd ample ei,couragernent to our endeavors, in hum-- adapted to meet the exigencies of thlie country. its should we reader to the Lord, that. now, in this very alary (lot execedilg .;. i -is the Board of 'Foleiin
ble dependence on God, to e.vtend its operations, un- constitution ;,tnld its epeira'ations are liberal and gene- country, the rnost important of all .llthose whi'clh are issijons shall dliermi)it, be necessarV.
til its influences shull be felt not. only in the whole ral. Its objects are manidold. 1. '1he ,il,. nnenl. under tile influence ol the superstition of polpery; the Resolved, hut il the Boietd of Forfign Miss:ions
extent of' the American continent, but also through- and support of' pastors and evawgelists. 2. (olpor- way is prepared fbr great eltforts to propagate the a(e Rv. Jrob nis coi-ti h
out the civilized world. teurs to distribute Bibles andl tracts, to hold small truth! S deeply convinced am I of this, that sin- citty will osider him s their missionary, vo;-
S n cI o.,tY w -jdc~s~tr hiim istheir nii.. iorlary, ,,Ijo;-
The bear ino and tendency ofthis resolution require meetings bfor religious instruction, and to visit and cerely assure you, my brother, that no amount of aid -'.iry' shiall coinmmence at sutch time ae the Board or
I W It.nstsueasily Peorceifedmthatsthe in she withheldu
Passing remark. It is easily perceived that the in- instruct le people fro house to house. Pious which may be need here shuld be withheld. orei Mis,,s may ditt)'ie on condition tl:;it.
fluences ot'thi.s Society, in many respects, may be flt sechool-rnasters and school-mistrcsses-a very impor- '..-,1 or ,ii ,000 or ;':," -i,'l can he well employed here, Ieirt is'inary st-iil conmmunivcte in writing to lthis
in other countries, whist its direct operations are tant branch of their labors. 4. T'o educate young l addii.ion .o \vwh o at c-ii be obtained here, thiat anonr!tl. -Board Iuch inormation ;s he Iay det:ili inpirtant
confined to its appropriate field, which, according to men to be pastors and evangelists, or colporteurs, or should he furnished. At present certaindy a eon- ,o il('rease a. issionary spirit IKot oily in (III(, Dutch
its constitution, is the United Slate. It was not thile teachers. 5. To hiire or erect chapels tbr preachii g siderable amount is needed. The Society i now ^eloriied Churcl in iliromtii slree10, but which emay
design ol'the fbouders of this Society, however, thus in places where they station a pastor or a ewae- under cili-.iii ,o the amount of 42,000 psraos, be- ac0ite mdssioCary spirit ihrooli,,u our chnruchI.
to confine its operations. The constitution declares, list. 6. To furnish books to the colporteurs for di- vond its receipts, or the present year, whichwill esolved, That tlie Secretary'of thii ard tra-
(Art.2,)' The great object o this Society shall be tr.bution. 7. To promote tile establishment of Sun- ed about the stol May. It is apean for a to co abo te Istve to te Board oForeign Mi
to assist congregations that are table to support (lay Schools. Such are tile object. which this inlitz all its friends in France, in the minost energetic terms ona
the gospel ministry. anrid to send the. gospel to the Society is ,ll-iiii, to accoplllish, and which, with A few Amerians here, wholove tle cause ol'Christ,
destitute within the United States." The word rea.t the blessing of God, is likely to accomplish to a very will probably within a l(ev days contribute nearly SYNOD O1' PHIILADETLPHIA.
in this article was inserted bfor the expressed purpo.:.e cheering extent. It is actually now erigaff:ed in pro- 4000 friancs-the greatest part. of it by one person. Continuation orlroceedius-Rnl)rted for the N. Y. Observer.
o|'giving liberty to the Society to extend its opera- noting all these objects, though that of' sendin'1 You have seat 5000 francs. But still there is every Mr. HowA,.
lions to adjoining countries. The Executive Corn- frth and supporting preachers ofthe (;ospe, is t'ie reason tobel eve that there wil lbte a distressing d(- (, cannot sustain ihe- oppeil : and I shall poihd out
mtittee, accordingly, early extended the aid of tle first anld 'rc est izn importance. T'Ill( day will, ficitr. unless tile ConimitiOe ce:,e to make any more ,it of'hhe reasons wiy I caiiitot. It tie firf placn,
Society to Canada, and have Imore recently sent one dou ss, pme, when separate societies will be appointments drin the reminder ofthisyear. But; tI lhave heard but one ide.of the C,;tise. T(:;
missionary to Txas. T.o more dis t countries Ibrned for the promotion of these vario oje (, I relax would be wrong. The Society must o r- II plleue has not made his tldefence. Whatever ia
they ive not felt authorized by the constitution At press nt, however, they are best promoted i thile ward, and as fast as it. cin find menc, it must appoint appve ben ai d byoicof.nllc'Jules.wlo hatve seo,:
ywet pursue.nI. Mtn.aanthorizitselfyupon ilengodiprovdonceof'i1tve !been said by sonic of tl'e'Judges who h'-,ve -:po.-
extend their appropriations of the lund of way liicli the Evagelical Societ.y pursues. hem. an tIrow itself upon the good providence of' ce. t e l:caino be leriied that he is nt here,
the Society. Their attention, however, has been It is very remarkable that thl, calls for thlie labors God. i0 the evidence1e hepresented to the Presbyter)
fi-equently solicited by several valued correspondents of good men as ministers and evangelis, as teach- So fTr asit reards foreign aid, krwnow t where a.ri h pifenl- santge ke to the 11slyer
to the want of the destitute, bfor whose supply there ers, colporteurs, &c., increases so ra.idly. A(, they can ioOK, but to your Society. There is no So- er. I.isi' Qofteni re"peusted lan we have all the -tse"r-o
exists nIo adequate provision, in Soutth America and what is more, these calls cone to tile Society from all ciety i:n England whili can, perhaps, appropriately ton o ofen repeated, Ihat e hlae a1ll the teotiril
in oth' r nominally hrisin riR. phese so!i- parts ofFrance. At this moment Ihe Society has itake up tfile cuse of Clhrist. in France, save the dwehl upon that Point: the coniry h ,, been
citations, frontm i >. reslpetnl'k!e sources. iig- Ilirtee.-, storesrs, ince evangelists, three teachers, Continental Sucietv (now called the European Mis- e'Ve, dwel uprn b that point: the contr.r has c;i
gestetl the resoi i;on wliioit we hvve qluateq d uoted ., ti -ht colporteurs,"* ii, its service, ad is supporting sioaryMiiary Society) antie ei- .bly shownir by h; o gertlenuenl opre;ent. Wea re
and induced thu Cnnumtltiec tlu0 ventture tile following live you nten who are preparina for the ministry, ey, both of' whom are doing something in this coun ', h-iowe-ver, that the book in full of' aonrtr dict ionl,
retnarks in their last a nnual report,, May, 1835: and is aiding in building or hiring several chapels, try, the former having" rine or ten missionaries and d'I hlat the general sentiments oI tle authoorlir eorr-
The magnitude of the enterprise itcwreafes, ad 'ilhe prospect is tlnat it will do more than twice as the( latter thirteen or Iourleen, i liiI,., five offsix jn the esseia epl doctrines o ti cfiiriesin scly e,
Ti,,niiniud f heene-p Is hre-e- adWhite there are sometas. gsof* a directly orppo-
the field widens as we advance. Many new stations much this year as itdid in bofth ofthe previous years who prear.h only to Enlish congi egations, ill Paris, carac r I suc i rs who i
have been occupied within the last year, not only iu o! its existence. And yet at this very limte it. has Calais, Bulogre, &c. "But these. Societies cannot sitecihara peter. In such? I' i 1 a .s.Iered tlaec' hi-os
our own country, but alo in Canlada on the north, pressing calls inadle uporn it, Irom various parts of the render the aid whlicl the Evangelical Society needs. t,.o -ep of mankind. But ot l it to be ar correct rin-
and a beginning has bee:i made in Texas on the kingdom, fbr twelve ministers, ten evangelists, twen- We must hook, therefore, still to you for aid. And-it s*is of exposition of all works o' every sort., It ht
south. Yet there remain vast and increasing fields ty colporteurs, and five teachers, besides aid in hiring is the uni;,ed opinion of the gentlemen whom you have .lin possiol b o t
ic g entle m enth ey shall, if' possible, be so ex plained as to be ,onl-
to be cultivated. Ih tie United States alone, tlhe orbuilding places lor preaching. named as a committee, as ,far as I can learn from sistent with themselves, and if any explanation is to
operations of this Society need at unce to be more 1 ese calls olien c le from places where there tlhosRe whomr I have been able to see, on this point, i certainly to look t the ah.
than doubled, to meet thedemands of lie cause;and are Protestant tmiies who are desirousof having that it i. not only desirable that your present dona- T,'., there are armbiguous terms employed in he
if the missionary zeal and enterprise of the churches tlhe Gospel preached to them. Very often they come ,ion of e$,000 should go entirely to the Evangelical book is there any one hiIere that doubts? We heard
of these states is ever to avail any thing ot bohlinlfot front persons who are Catholics nominally, hut who Society, but tlihat you should be requested, it possi- i jde y lere
ofher portions of the American continent, this Soci- are wholly dissatisfied with the vain rites and heart- ble, to make another .ii. Indeed, without that p d desiftroyed the very t at lie sendtint s theriian's e
ety presents the li-t ;,ippr'(;pri:tIte medium of'its ac- l'ss worship of IliC Rontish church. It is wonderful aRmountot aid, the Evawgelical Society will not hbe hopes'e destroyed thryu declared in his leiatero
tion. No other i)rg:insizatioI has hen lbrited l'r- how ilh,; L,,rd, by his Spirit aitd providence, is inclii- able. to meet its engagements and increase its etbrts hope:and tht his doctrine l as true in hi e Dr. J.
this purpose, exceptingt it relation to those tribes and ing tni 'sl minds to seek after something to sitisty tlie Ia it, ought. And even with that amount ot aid from ni ll (d longer read his title clear to mansions in
communities which are propelrly denomijii:ted Iea necessities of the soul. The ]abors oftlie colporteurs, abroad, it wil require every possible exertion io n th o the other hand an age
then.* The civilized inhabitants of there rd pro- in most cases, are the means whicl God employs to succeed. No ebrt will he left unatterr upled ocllca tod s hat lie knew some oft
rI ft~her os up, attd~ tohl ushat }le ktnew snt of' thel
vincs on the north, and of the republics of' South awaken some miiids to a desire after the knowledge as much as possible fromn the friends of Christ it iest arbest, of e who held precisely tle sae
America, however corrvpt or perverted th,:ir laith, of`Himselfandofthe way ofsalvation., You willnot France. But as the t(feeb!e churches here have all w nderst men wo h rcisy th
are overlooked in ll1e present missionary arrange- Understand from this lhat there is arty general or the other calls which arc rnade on them to meet, it ies U e tate enqusreortadorect expositor?
ments of our churches, exceptin.g tso fir as they may great interest excited, on this subject, among the is not possible, at present, as I have demonstrated in no 1 pa1 wse cand enupo t tor etor (
1 And who -,hall we call upon but the, au ht, of odie.
be, reached by the .operations of this Socjety. Nor is millions. Far tfrum it. But there is the excitation the former part of this letter, lor them to do all that oo W e have had expositions enough Iront other
there any, otitr existing oraniz %tion, through which of this desire, however, i many places; and, what is needed.. tn this sta!e of things there is no other, .
American Christians may elitctuaily extern.! their is enough to encourage and stimulate, (and perhaps alternative ele't, but for the Society to look for ftirthe r q outdsbut he very laset to choose : especially in a
missiornar- aid to the other countries of Christen- quite as much as we ave a right to expect,) this aid, a s it ..o., from the Arnerican Home Missionary u, woere peryona! tepu ho.ion, espcial in a
w I> ..ie i p or rul~ll n e., nrirS" ip "yja v[ -' -" in -.. ,..-e.- vltre pera~sona re^pn~taon, ori_ ltaa B ein..-;,o l
.1-, e inv' tinA .. .. tl 1-, ,,,p1.. i. drelced ^-r i r j n tS.. ..h t *.' g pl; *-T I i. [lii oo el -alt rT d a of1 ,oo wi-r .- -- .. turp' i (o,- e u i o-f ,J t-:me v h--
1,li lo It (hts- vet th/n \ WE1 ( one 60 st l teu I MOM, o, S~tn )Ull rt
haps, not too m uch to predict, that the tim e is not s o ea r t w as c last, y e tht'i ease your a id to 3,000, "o ,i i l' th at they have all t hI lioht upon the ( nsyh test h
f.ar distant when the munificence of the religious calls and openings tor labor are greater now than (eye kihgdou of _,h.nist ir France, during this year. theywish.
public in llIese sales wiIl not only enable this society they were then. This is proof; clear its need be,< And that sum shall lbe appropriated solely to the sup- R. BRECKINRIDGE. Nobody has said that on this
to supply all the destitute at homne, but also to be thatthe Lord is prepatring his way among the peo- port of the sixteen missionaries whom the Society floor.]
largely ributary to tht advancement nf the same pie. 1 have not a1 doubt, that just in proportion to nw employs, and as any others not sustain the appeal in conistecy with the
blessed cause in other nominally Christin conlt ries. the increased efltorts ol the people ol God to meet to obtain before its next. annual meeting. .Three Princile ernbedied and published hy tle highest II-
Thun shall we effectually co-operate with all the these calls and occupy tile ground which becomes thousand dollars wil! nearly, (it may be estimated)) priciptorl ole church in 1824, in a minute penst.ed biy
friends of' the Bible aMd of Foreign Missions, having prepared, so will the Lord, in his holy providence, nmect the expenses ofthe Society this year for minis- Dr. Millet himself, at nftan wiwhoseortiedoxy, 1 sup-
full scop, for our endeavors and the largest praetica- enlarge the sphere in witch they may operate, ters and evangelists, leaving to its own resources its i n e[^| n q-esion in this body Mo.!
ble concentration of interests and efforts, till tile But let us, tbr a tew moments, consider the means other and pressing objects, such as colporteurs, leach- ,ieariv therecaii beno trial where there Jreho ,,r-
work of ili world's conversion shahl be done, and which the Evan.n;lical society has to meet these in- ar e.o there lle p aleere th ere o re a're
the lu-isic of the hioItIs of heaven shall proclaim, creasing" calls, h doiug this it will also be essential lI addi-ion to which T shoul mention a most tmport- ,,, parties here bfebrc as It is lerteiit 'ndict.,hii- io
The kingdoms of' the world have become the king- to cortsider well the work to be done, ard the cir(cum- ant, object, which is just about to be undertakc'n ihy l ;it. a tria You may call it, ii)i -ome sort, an e\;ui[i-
doms o/ our ],ord and of his Christ." stances amidt which it is to be dorn.. the Society--whiceh is the e,-,t~l)lilimenl oi'a Semina- *;t ion I adrnil ; lot we have'lind a lor,,r .,prd tediorus
Sin~co the date of the above remarks, we have re- As it regards the rneans which the Evangelieal ry in whieh to educate young mr.n, from theb(-gin- eeived several connunieations from tlhe Rev. Roberi Society can obtain in F rance itsell, it is c:ertain that uinff of the-r coIIr-e, of sltudy, tor the liloiy m~inistry.i,\i' hoo : utt, vail1 it a t)'-t is a emi~irad'clihm in l,--rins.
Haird, late Agent of the Aterican Sundhay Sehi.ol they are wholly iuadeqtnate to 1,ile work to he ac'eora- tch ;,n ihisl~i u(,ioi i impe~ratively needied; lor thi~ here '.ca' (*nr,'it IH- a triul withtut partieliei ]u nl in'-
Un-iun, now president in Paris, urging the extension phlihed. T he little ewangelic~tl ehur('hes. or banlds ol are no amtdemihes :lnd( collegets har'e ,11 wthlic Lhere di;,1,,.^;, nt J wr\ rdi th(e wery word,.; of` lhe h ooi: ,-.i",i,id
of tlheaidof this Society (o Ihe evaugelieal churches Chri. tans, ienclding those who are not colarecled is a pure. and evani-ieiic;!!:mlhicncc'. Tltere. are o~te ii.tv' m'en m'.rkept There is '.zoodt sen.r-e if l'li.-; ii
of France. Ttit !,tcts eolnumrnieated hYly.Mr. Baird witlt the e:st~iblisiiml 1Protes(,ant chuirchi, as well as or two schools lor stnali lboys- lately estabhished, unl- i,,'peouired in nrde-r 1hat! llie acciissd mnay lh;ive all t]ic
have been eco infirm d by the R~ev. M r. M ines ot tilts those wlho are COiinrceeed with it thron,,ghout. France, (h3r a detighlfutl influence. But there are. rio' to ,., .:*',, .'.es iti his ('"tlic whc h t- yri "t
city, who has lately relurred lfroum a residence ol' ar,' 'enerally pUoor, aud most of those, whicl]i are in)- foand! here. vour excellent ac.adiemies and cles,. .i\nw^er~ tir'3 n h
tw o' years in F~ranee, and by the Rev. Dr[. M('Auh'y dependent of the state, have as mnuec- as they can do muder, decidedly" r,:ligious intfltuence.. No. Thu[, .<,c ini. H ie l ntust kn ,ow the, ex.(,t eai.,es1 and thy i
atnd otlher int.elligent friends who have recently vi,-it- to sustait the preaching o( th'e (Gospel among them- have yet. to be tormed ; and so tar as it. regards, youn.,, ;~ ; t(; ma j .)' l prel'.rcd to l)rin !: forwa';rd rehutti"-r
ed that couht~ry. 1Tle Executive Conmnittee ha~ve selves. i here is eonmparatively spe become so deelpiy interested iir these r-epresentations, weahlh among tlhe evang-elical Christiaiss ot I raucLc., ii- tituiiions must b, ci-, anti so nmu h eucourn.ged witl th ie open!ing lirosljet' 1'.' h wo tisd sr|lo ,wloae to~w lfe toind, dhcitin who ars no oy u ^ I';a.Gve a n lirie un-nd tt( <^ b(|(.p ,ii sef a of myIl j',. )'
oi usefld/ness presented, thai tiiey vcemtured, in (Oc'o- a great tue, l with^ their money,- indeed llhe hurthlej (ter r.]-t nstructtlit! ol lie R['BI-. Mr[). (aiil] i~ttr it,, [ must beiele, witho sevieral f b l'(ioe jnii,;s t c an t o
tber !ast, (witlh the ('onsent of ilhl'.<;o,;-i~ri~ulcrs olthat ofw al wh t';'s ttonr lot Ithe Bible, lih Tract, 1,ortCI.Z' ClI iii.i',ii- ,,r-Loire. Aud .[ doubt not.) tha~t when tt t j^'dv_,e the ot-se idey 1 was ware d o *ie. i s frt'I ot m
amount,) to ;pippro],riii~e .^;1,000 (o llie aid ,of ihe Missionary, an~d ot. irr g'ood causes, comes upoa tl-Kun, such art instilntiont shall have beenl estabtislhed attd i he chiat" wh -n we went Jhito our ji ,iocial cai~acily :
French Ewang(.licul S"oeiety, in the, support ol" pas- 1 ",u).ilt also It) ;u.(, lhatr Uhe poor Christiansa ol hius mrade known to thyt churches, a goodly number oft pi- ,n~ 1 ft-,,i ;tt the tiluf as if'! were. taking such ;-.! oi'rth
tors in tl~te ehnrche's relicrred to. The amun,-uI lias country do t ontrihutc mnost liberally, out of heir oiis vounn tm r-n will come h~rth to the work ol !.l'e a,, i tendtered to a juryrmatt. r T~iwr1 ei':arta.Dter
been reminiticd to r'Mr. Baird ;nd oth,.rs at Paris, with p)overty, to ac aic thl aie ol Christ I do riot Lord', and thi,t niuuber, in answer to t~he p~rayers 0'f ',ri(.miiidsterial d]estiny o'o ;, brother is pIncacdx al tmv
iustrr,'liolis to atp])ropr~i~te il : ceordinoly. 1The live- think, so lar ais I hu.ve ih'tlrned what t -Ii ,i,- hivre lhe ehurcht, will increase every ytea.r. Thie eases ol' dis~posa, surely 1 must conf~ire myself' rigidly ;.o evi-
ly enmotions of'g:roatitnde with whilchi this si,!illt doo-ta- are doing,, thaL~i ti~ey arc; hess liberal than those inl the fiv.. 3o'i--g m ,'en whionr 1 have referred It), as wejt de-pce, produced inl thia c o~ut ,without g, m "c-, out of
tion has b~eeii re~cfivt.d, are expressed i)) Mr. Baird America. On, the contrary, cons_-idering their rhea.as, as those four o)r five nmore wlho are prep~arirng5, at ,.he ,oors .*.ut t proceed on suK'h teslin~oiy" as ue.
tin the extrueia wltichi wc publ-sh-d belohw, t believe them tu he f, Wv e wi.-:h it dsi~iuii>tly understood lli,il,;J jn m :in.g the eyali.gelie~il I-roi't'saoris ot'religion, who are almost t~he Rev. M r. Gran~d Pier re, are very 11. i .l i, .',.*..*, _, e e y um sa e w c x o tdl
the above '.i|/)]roi.)riailiou, tlto Coitiuitit oe hatvt, pro- ;itone to ")Ro depelnded on lor niese eft'arts, in this but t Calntot here ,<.peak off therm in (]etai. .It ;s ,,tlil her ey dbi te I Us t, Wii;- eia Ir'O e.s f trom d ltof
c r pd e d w ith i li ii-- d i r,' c' i ()!i o r ec ors e ,,t ol' lh, o- i'D i s o~ l' ('i*H ,. e !L v

that amnouut. T hey do not regard themselves us au- wealth have much to do to promote the cause of E'vang"elical Sociely, to show you that it constitnues jip: [htFpi^rNGF I ask if lhe #.tenleman mea,-t
horized to appropriate any portion of the LUmmon uhrist in this in portent place, tis heart of the k a oter reaso why you s ol aid that Socieoy o I s i lit n a t wle,
fl ds of lIhe So ciety on a fieht s o) distalT. B ut hey d lom A rid it m ust be kept in m ind that the E I va n sustain n its inissio- taries, and aitlo -v it .o e r tploy i s ? i d oes n that i t
are deeply all'ected with tlthe condition of tlhe strup- elieal Society hoes nmot~hg lr" Paris. 0I course means, limited indeed compared with thei greiat work 8avm Is i no I. I s e.
] {M OlU A)lItA L It, t is not hin order to use the e,prc:':-
o-glin" churches, on whose t,, K. K1 our correspondent the etiorls which are making here to proniole the to he hdoe, in accomnt.lisiting its. other and Y:"y sinthat what a rtler says on tih floor is not
plleads witlt so much w;;rmth said eloquence ; arid, if` auseolr CWist (and which are riuuerous, iM-hly mn- important (objecss.
wte friends ol [he Smciety will allow it, this Commit- portant, arnd heavy) are s Mumtai bd by the oreihren And uow = may we not hope that tho a meple state- 'r> d.]
A prpiae h .uhee ntoa socain. t a- M IL we!,sir, it" rhe. words were I~,not lritua!
tee will gladly receive aWd aeppropriae, through a here, in local associations. e ought indeed to ments which !"li;.ve _iven o[hle slate ool'idiings in t snlint was, and ham the lips of mort than
Itrust-worthy committee in Paris, which may he ap- bless God thato sa;ild uil. i eebe churches are rhs entiment s, and 1o reed ieaips wof '. lort o ,thin
(' t!nue here present, ulid 1 repel c tthat were It o 1.it ud pointed tor that purpose, any amount w-hich the tie- lng up In various placesal! over F rancee. They will, wants of the Eiv'ngelivl Socittv, will iuc'uce your( o. bother .arnes trom what ha tic n ;xhiii( here
nevolent shall be pleased to contribute in aid of thie ilstrengthened and watered by d, ine grace, become Committee 1.Pt advc(r. 0.re little, f tirtir uO n thle pro ,A y, [ sihoulh pBro ao'u'wh l..intl a h rs heretic, -triadl
French Evangelical Society, to be expended in the permanent and strong. But at present ihe strength nMise of1 te Lord, and on tMe enlarged and en liht- [ pt iny) ad g-ross hrt.i Iaw
support of approved ministers in that ancient and in- of evangelical Christinlty, whether considered in a ended benevolence of` iiieir contributors and ronshiu- lo^ fr.oin him A inhii who dest iet orid'-al .ii na-
terestmg couiutry. o the stirring appeal of our numerical or pecuniary aspect, is very small. Blessed emtq? Surm I am, that there cannot he o(e. member tivfde]i-nvity" and savatio by bill i We W.Mious.
correspondent we would add the expression of our be God lor what it is How encouraging the pro"- of ,Ae A. H. M. S. who would object to their doing tir oertJoys CdsaMti at war iyotL oivh withie r cal-
own earnest desire, that the much-iidulged church- pect is now, when perhaps a hundred ministers, so. if he couhid see the real stale of tlyin's here. For- vi...ic but \\\t\ the Chri.tian sy,,ien. >-i'ji a ,;n,
es, whom iR is Our privilege to serve, may be awak- preach the pure Gospel, though mua y of them in my part I a entirely ." W, ..... to benr, in li e si;.Uh l of | t o y the dep sd ro h t
ended to a lull perception of their duly to their sisterr small feeble churches or congregations, compared the c!urche,- which support your exe'ollen,. Society, o.",,,;.'toe ime o fv the rnld smryiht f
h, a",.re a member o(if 1y church'l WoLdhl unlnetliatc21V
churches in other lands. For the evangelical church- witth what existed twenty, or even live years ago! thn rexpatsionbly oil having recommeoine d nd urged j.,.ittei proces-s against hiint.i m. iint wiling to hai-'
3 es of France would we especially solicit their sym- As to the. places where evangeliare at.re.1C il,' is this measure i" ou-ht, however, to add, Htt I hive teut(0 a A Meci-i sl'oahn'rs Fti i'ee tih pcithis, their prayers, ainld their contributions. And coumnencin-), through the Ie'ort ol the, Evangelicarl not advanced one o idtoIii. an ore, which do s not IVthe, m,) rush1.0 a (oilo.--ion ; but IfOr onesam not
1 w e put in this appeal l, at the present tim e, w ithi th e S society lel m e say a w ord., T h ey a r t \ holly hiu eik e t!^.p) w illi ;t i "; i i)irn; ai.irfpp rohala.ion of'tIlie g l-,! le ri-el pi-,,,,. | v l li *In : 'u id i n tsl, ha v ", i niuc .i~re
o sost profound ,graratitude to H im by w h o mn kings reign I to l places. w here you are al'ntin r u .w c(:hlu rche ? ;)itd ( i-rred, w illt h V"w it, ;a s w ell ,t w itiitlh o ers, .1. lav p t' ii .i r h .ve I f r r %ani .- l Inasott to d ts ,ro vh icar-
and prince es decree justice, th at lie h as a verted the planting ipastors n t nhe Unitvd C.t s. It. is esse ni-uNl eotversead fu lly in r atlio i' lo I hlesc t hini.r-rs. O ei. Tr n-d t ,fiuli e .: ol' a i -:io \' l;.d); _r m l]r. v ii .,-
wa y nrm or w ar, anj produce d an adjust tm enl. or those to understand this. F rance is an old country dense- T w ill o nl- add Itih;-it the best llled i n t ro n _h y ,^.d o lfour G iod. A no tha r re" -O !n w lhim < )OA.t E .!S-
1 differences w which threatened to tear asunder and Iv settled, generally 1i- villages, -tow ni ard itie s, w ie o, y o atr iO i t ht y i p)a bs t o ild iit) hiug ki!),rdudnoif oii iG w i'ii a al is Anuotherrgs t ol>; i o ,-Icut r d id uo-
t in v o lv e i rt (fea d ly co nflic t th e lo ng a llie d ar d m ig h ty T he re is b u t litD te c om pa rativ e ly of a cou nhtry p op u- t C hri s l powersaot F rance and the U united States. I-low m ild lalion such as exist in the U it ed S states aws Fn g E -, of C O in nltee is cinu ( im )t E of ;ciang el ical S ciety ., i.i. i.er Oa tit.i0 v. N0, I "or (;l li .Iktlinl '.in co nd tix t-
r and cheering is td e aspect of peace, in contrast w ith land. The expense of hirin g or building p atees of nIts ..e Scerelp:tri .ts aft: ie R,\,. [c _-,rs. J oi;ld e I c tafc ord : to the to nstil.itm. I think t.t il Dr.
s th e a la r n a n d d is -n a y w ith w h ic h th e p nhlic nin d h aus w o rsh ip is nu ch g re a te r, o c o u rse th a n it is i u th e rat a rid A u d i he T ic e sh e in ifR e. u/ e l. I e v e ry J i u 1a d u eato "d i ii tli iir at s l,; nWHii e .liri 'ii au "
been agitated ; and how rich the privilege, now al- United States, as a general thing. And as uhe over- w e and often 1,wio, a vl iek. eImv aket era yl W W "iplts,, i ifst)e, tid ( of e nlidigo M r. B iries a le chr
3 tbrded to those w.io love the Lord in these two great wheel ing mass oof people are either Catholies o i nfi- wee nuch eare, a; "! with as M yrmaeat i,,rd lo -cono- t lir<- him, l ie meant to dr .i him before a church
s nat.tions, to learone anothi her's burdens, and so fulfil dels, there is a difficulty irn gaih rang arid estabi sh!- twy as pi;-a.ig, h every rast, where it is itro c 'i- court to m iswer for htisn t dhac in hu would have gone
.th e la w of C h rist'" H ow m uc h b better to b ea r the In g a c. .r -- lin able to stustain a. n-1in sister, w which .,.0 1,, thc' y e1 d" It'vo r ,.s, wti il l cio- op i-ruii tl 'l of i -e (, rn p erso, ialy weru hl o-i:)ve c:i lerId ,iws sl udy I ,, n
cross than the sword!'. V e put it to the hearts of can hardly be conceived of in the UnitMed Slates, p ople alnon ^ w iio hey |)iacc a. iiSlol, eva .gelist, th imre. il a brotul dry spirit hlarth pointed out wli r imn
S A meriean patriots as well as (.hristia s, .to say w he- It requires m uch effort, in m any cas es, and perse- o teop le t.mo ng hohey pla ilt cr arii ei lhs ain d pral ti(. i,..; l h t W a co slider d hint in mrr, Ui ad he do1t1 this, 1 dti
th or th ey av e .)l som e th in g to g iv e as a t .d a nk- v e ra n c e to g a-th e r a c o n sid e ra hl e n um -e r ol' p e o p le- o a s sim il to y wtl is he, i t is r >s1 ii)h ; ip l a t tw l ey -hotrih b vicv~ !,hitIde raed h e d ono r e thiisgl a iid (h r)iti
S,.,-l t, o M a rO Hi o w ho as saved their possessions and nor five or ten, and perhaps sometimes not one sl(i, be iu cir ut.-i'itatics -;o ,vit l v diliti'cis. Aid 1 'a.li si'il enough in Albert a rit:s io Slavt-: indutld him
tlh:ir homes Irom the perils of a bloody war? And whom, at first, have any deep interest in tie subject truly s.ay Ihat Jhave ov,i' ei confidence in their- wis- at O "Ue to strike out ail the, exceptionabhe phrases
w lere can such ,,lie -,)- q be m ore appropriately b e- el'religion. M dam pru dence, 0 d= y, awl eotw gy. I am pe rlody on t I
s ,towedthan in blessings upon the neeyinhe very As to their ng thigtou rabettrunea their wor then oratifedofthis ron wht was lol
8 land fro mn which our sympathies as a nation were m minister, especially at tie outlet, you will attOwie aiid are more y boat hbae'dainy it, thae ;uiiv otrliur lhmwnor I by one of our orth odox bt retom wat'r rwas ditol
; about to he averted? see how unlikely it is, when you recall to mtind the who co reld b e fou fd in tig uimgdon or o tt of` ir. |"i book, h r wourt I. rolthereba n A flid ,-iowed rin .
W e d o n o t fo r g e t in t h e s e r e m a r k s t h a t w e a re f a c t t h a t t h e g o v e r n m e n t s u p p o r t s a n d ti a s lo n g s u p T h e i t ,1, h e i s, uli n bet e e m b r ac in g it o ,,l al l t l e si, ,, e pa s s a ge s t c ha na r k e d r 1 s o hj e c t i os ho le : !e;jh ou.
l it e o rg a n o fr a H o h M i s s hi n a r y S o cie ty a n d t.h -it w o p o r l e d t h e c le r g y b o t h C a t h o lic a n rd r o toest a iit o f`, Wci i :m e n e re w h o f e e a 'h in lie v 'i i c w i i hr i i ru leri s l il ns a d catic,
I....I-.[,. --.-A .......... L -, -1: -most active 100,11 lere who lie! a~ti te'trest in the which.,\wit ~cluharaeristic nme'fness awd itd(ado!, t II


wk-im *- w^ B o V V-^- ME& ^o -HfL 8


OBS RV ER


RELIGIOUS.
LETTER FROM MR. WINSLOW.
We are indebted to the Rev. W. A. Hallock for
permission to publish the following letter, just receiv-
ed by him from the Rev. Mr. Winslow. It will be
seen that the shi:. Charles Wharton, having on board
four missionaries and three teachers fbr India, had
reached the dAast of Brazil on the 2611h of December,
heving made 5,000 miles in tbirty-five days.
Ship Charles Wharton near 1,'ernando, Noronha INland,
S. L. 3. 55. W. L. 3?. 35. Dec. 26, 183.5. 5
Ml1y Dear Brother Hallock-In writing a few hasty
letters, which I hope to send by some ship on the
coast of Brazil, or from Pernambuco, near which we
expect to be on Monday morning, I cannot omit send-
ing you a few lines. We have, on the whole, ,neen
much favored. Our accommodations are very ,rood
in all respe.',ts; the captain exceedingly kind and
obliging omitting nothing in his power lor our coum-
fort. He has, for instance, caused opeu lights to he
made, through tlh deck into each of our state
rooms"; let down a wind sail into the cabin-and
otherwise made it more light and airy than it was at
first. We feel the benefit of these alterations, as we
come into a warmer climate. The captain is also
decidedly friendly to our efforts among the seamen,
fbr their religious benefit. We have, in addition to
preaching on Sabbath mornings, a little bible class
among the seamen, in.the after'noonU of the Sabbath,
and other occasional meetings with them. Those
who had no bibles have received them gratefully ;
aqd I have distributed most of the tracts which you
were so kind as to send me for the purpose ; and lent
among the seamen the small bound volumes. Amn
glad to say, they are read with attention. We can-
not but hope that some good impressions May be
made on the minds of those who are now careless, as
nearly all seem ready to receive instruction, and
.mostof them can read the Hcriptures. I have seldomn
seen a more attentive audience, any where, than we
have on Sabbath ntornings ; when on our clean ship's
deck, under a wide spread awning-twelve or thir-
teen hardy seamen, two or three boys, or younger
men, the captain and officers ot the ship, and fifteen
passengers (including a young man from Ph~iladel-
phia) are all assembled to listen to the word of God,
and join in prayer and praise to Him who made the
sea and the dry land. If any need the presence, and
protection, and blessing of God, certainly those do
who go down to the sea in ships, and do business
in the great waters." When will christians feel as
they ought to teel for poor mariners, whio are the
representatives of' christian countries to the savage
as well as more civilized portions of' the heathen
world; and who. until elevated themselves must
exert a debasing influence on all the countries which
they visit ?
Onr company are generally well, though some of
them sutier a little still from sea sickness. Tlie min-
isterial brethren Me Ewen and Campbell, going to
Northern India, appear t.o be valuable mien. Flhe
three younger brethren, who go as teachers, have of"
course less maturity ; but will I trust be useful. Br.
Dwight who goes with us you know. He with Mrs.
D., and Mrs. W. attend to the study of Tamul with
good success. Our intercourse, as a mission family,
is very harmonious. Every morning at breakfast
each one repeats a proof text or passage of scripture,
on a subject previously named (takingI the d octrines
of the Bible up systematically) and then' frev, conver-
sation takes place on that subject. On Wednesday
evening we have a coiit'ecence. on Saznturday evenii-g
a prayer meeting, and on Sabbath. evcfiiig a eating
to discuss some devotional and practical subject, pre-
viously agreed uponr-at-o it bible class on Sabbath
afternoon among ourselves as well as with tile sea-
men. We observe the monthly concert on the first
Monday evening of the ntonth, and also that for sea-
men, on the third, and propose to keep the first. Mon-
day in January as a seaso.r'-iof special lasting und
prayer for the conversion ot the world. You will
see, therefore, that we have some religious irivileges
though separated from the great conrgregations,"
and on the mighty deep. I hope anid trust tthat our
friends at home pray LIr us, and will continue to do
"1b, that we mnay be better titled than we are for the
work before us.
I cannot express the sense of deficiency utter de-
ficiency which I sometimes feel, when contend i l tlin<.-'
the missi.,nary work, nor avoid exclaiming who is
sufficient for tliese thingss" I an conmbrted in the
belief that many are better, vastly better, prepurod
for it than I am ; but yet I cannot resist the convic-
tion, that both at Some and abroad, in christian
and in heathen lands, the cause of Christ suflers
l'or want of leaders of the more apostolic spirit.
But little can be done until those are set lbr the de-
femne, and sent forth fbr tlhe extension of the gospel,
have more sympathy with their suffering Lord and
Master; are inore willing to be conlormed to Him ii.n
kis humiliation, and seek more earnestly his glory.
"The love of Christ constraineth us." must be our
language and our feeling, so as to make us glory in
tribulation also, and to count it a privilege to do any
thing and sutter any thiog lor Him, and flor his cause.
It is the only principle which can invigorate the
church for the labors and trials necessary lbr any ex-
tensive spread of the gospel. Mere sympathy tbr
the heathen will not do it, especially if, as in general,
,that is mostly confined to sympathy for temporal sur-
feting, and arises, but in a small degree from love to
Their irhimortal souls. My dear brother, try to make
the church lieel more tihat their anxiety, and their
zeal, imust be like that of` Moses when he said unto
the Lord What wrilt thou do utnto thy greatt name ?"
We have spokent lour or five vessels, tand een
several more. The weather lhas been good and we
have, in thirty-five days, come by tlhe shipa reckoning
a-bout 5000 miles. This morning one of' the tirst
sounds heard was, Laud ho," and we lhad the plea-
sure, under a clear sky and rising sun, to see tlhe
mall and irregular and f...tastic, island of`" lFernando
Noronha," whiclh is about 7 niles long by '2 1-4 wide,
arid presents several very high bluffs, and peaks.
One of these resembles a pyramid, towering up sev-
e ra! hundred feet, apparently y, above tlhe less aspitring
,peaks around, antd another like a church and steeple.
TPhe island is inhabited only by cxiles fr'om Brazil.
It is certainly very wild and pictures sque.
Most affectionately, your brother,
M. WINSLOW.

The Synod of Illinois, at its last session, adopted
the .following resolutions, and directed their Stated
Clerk to transmit them to the Stated Clerk of tlhe
General Assembly of>1 the Presbyterian Church, to
be laid before that body at its meeting itn Pittsburg,


in May.
Resolved, That this Synod do most cordially re-
commend to the churches under our care, the use of
all proper means for the speedy emnancipation ao'
slaves in the United States; and especially in the
Presbyterian church. Synod do consider the exist-
inr system "of holding in involuntary servilude their
feltow men, as a crime of no ordinary character;
against which they do most earnestly and solenmnly
testfv.
On motion, Resolved, That this Synod not only
consider that the practice of slavery by a. professed
Christian is a most heneous and aggravated sin ; but
that it ought to subject the perpetrator to the disci-
pline of the church : And that this resoluion go in
connexion with the lbrmner, into the General Assem-
bly.
In commenting on these re,-olutions, a writer in
the Columbia(S. C.) Herald says:
Such are the resolutions of the Synod of Illinois;
and in this condemnatory tbrm, will the subject of'
slavery be presented to thie next General Assembly ?
It is not my purpose to discuss this subject now.
This is not the time, neither the place. It must be
done on the floor of the Genertl Assembly of our
church, in Pittsburg. And no considerations should
permit southern ministers and elders to waive the
j'iliscussiun. The representation from the whole
South should go up to that Assembly with a solemn
determination on their part, and clear instructions
from their Presbyteries, to have this point fixed and
settled.
Let then every southern Preshytery be fully repre-
sented in the next Assembly ; ad that too, by south-
ern men-by men born and reared up under southern
institutions.
Surely our Presbyteries can no loner close their
eyes to the true st40te of things in our country, and
more especially in our church. As has beeit some-
where remarked, the question must no longer be,
"who will go," but who shall we send. It has often
been a matter of'convenience, to send to the Assemt-
bly Ibrethren, whose interests and connexious render
a visit to the North both pleasant and desirable. Arid





of no fallible man: but in taking the position he has
is he guilty of heresy ? Even orthodox individuals
when they subscribe the Confession at their ordina-
tion, do not conceive themselves to declare that they
approve ex animo of every jot and tittle it contains.
Even among those who profess to do this. and hold
that every one ought to do it, we find, in fact, many
differences of'opinion. There are manydiflerent views
in relation to the nature of the atonement, the con-
dition of infants, the mode and subjects of baptism,
and many similar matters among those who do sub-
scribe the standards ex animo. Now consider how
differently different men expound the Contession.
Heresy is a departure lrom fundamentals in religion:
in the calvinistic sense of the term, it is a depart-
ure from the fundamentals of' Calvinism : so, in the
Presbyterian sense it is a departure front the funda-
mentals of Presbyterianism. In regard to Ridgeley,
none will dispute that he is a Calvinist; his work is
studied in our Theol. Sem's: yet he denies that Jesus
Christ is the eternal Son of God. The very man
who is quoted against brother Barnes avows such to
be his belief: a sentiment which every one views
with abhorrence. Yet Ridgeley is a standard Cal-
vinist, and no man ever accused him of heresy. And
now I ask is brother Barnes to be pronounced a
heretic because he denies that Christ suffered what
may properly be called thle wrathl of God ? 1 say no.
Arid on this subject I call the attention of the Synod
to the language of a man who took a prominent stand
and had an important part in iranming that Confes-
sion which we adopt as the standard of our church.
I refer to the celebrated Lightfloot. In the2dvolume
of his works, page 1347, he lias the following [Here
Mr. L. quoted from Lightfoot. Not having the work
we are unable to give the extract.]
Here we have an individual who has given form
and feature to many parts of our standards, and
whose saniction thie whole confession received, who
yet maintains openly the very contrary to the doc-
trine held by Dr. Junkin. It is well known that much
debate was had in the Assembly before it was agreed
to insert in the confession a declaration that Christ
suffered the wrath of God, and here is Dr. Lightfoot
maintaining a sentiment directly the reverse of it. I
have a memorandum of other quotations from his
work, all going to show the same thing,. but I cannot
now lay my hand upon it. Now if Mr. Barnes, for
denying this position, is to he pronounced a heretic,
then, on the same ground, Dr. Lightfoot must be a
heretic also: and others of those distinguished men
who feigned a confession are heretics with him. We
have been told that we know nothing of law, nor need
we know. To judge in a caise like this, it does noi.
Require that a mar should know so much as the AB C
ofa county court. The argument is plain and simple.
Ift'brother Barnes is a heretic then Matthew Henry
is a heretic. It may indeed be said that his views oin
this particular point do not. aree with the confession ;
no more did those of Dr. Lightfobot, who helped to
make the confession. Yet Dr. Lightfoot was not ac-
cused of heresy either then or since. On the con-
trary, he and his venerable brethren lived and pray-
ed like christians together, and never fell out by the
way. And shall a beloved brother in the midst of us
whom God has blessed and made eminently useful,
be dragged up like a criminal before a church court
for hotlin-" the very opinions which were held by
those who drew up our confession? I blush to think
of it.
Mr. GRANDER..
I feel constrained, on this occasion, to offer a few
remarks, arising out of the simple consideration that
I have had a better opportunity than many of the
brethren here present to know the sentiments of bro-
ther Barnes, as proclaimed by hinm from the pulpit,
having sat for two years under his ministry at Mor-
ristown. I am amazed at the charges, and at the
evidence adduced to. support them, and it is my so-
lemnn conviction that the sentiments of Mr. Barnes
have, on the most vital points been misapprehended.
or wiliully misrepresented. I speak particularly in
reference to the two points of the moral ability of a
sinner and of the imputation of Christ's righteousneess,
for his justification. Brother Barnes wasin tile habit
when at Morristown, of lecturing consecutively on
different books of the Bible, and among others, he
lectured on the epistle to the Ephesians, from which
epistle it has been attempted to prove that he teach-
es heresy. I asked brother Barnes last evening
whether he ever believed or declared, either verbal-
ly or by writing, or ever intended to be understood
as declaring that men can convert themselves. His
answer was, I never did:" and my testimony, as
one of his hearers, is, that I never. heard him so de-
clare. Indeed I never heard such an opinion tau-hlt.
by any minister on earth. I suppose Dr. Junkin uses
the term conversion as synonymous with regrenera-
tion. That men canll regenerate themselves is an
absurdity, and the sinner will not impute an absurdi-
ty of that kind to a man of acknowledged talents and |
whose views in general on points of I theology are ad-
mitted to be correct. But, what is thie point actually
aimed at by the charge of Dr. Junkin? It is the dis-
tinction between natural and moral ability, a distine-
tion at this moment held by a great majority both |
of the ministers and members of the Presbyterian
church. But is tile holding of this distinction equiva-
lent to maintaining that men can convert themselves?
Dr_ Junikin probahiE believes o hbut we utterly deny
it, 1 have not so ;api-ei-enTtfrd-tTh"'''Mr. Barneg-*---
know does teach man oral inability, I have heard p
himn over and over preach that sinners are utterly h
opposed to the government of God, that they are so l
unjust to tle divine claims, so grossly disorderly, .
and so utterly rebellious, that nothing but omnipo-
tence can overcome the enmity of' their hearts. As t
to the charge of maintaining that all sia consists in
action, I suppose that the prosecutor, intended by it
to be understood as accusing Mr. Barnes of denying '.
original sin, but 1 with others beard Mr. Barnes no
longer ago than last Sabbath declare that when I:
Adam fell, the fountain of the race became corrupt, t
and that in consequence all the streams from the t
fountain became corrupt also, and that all mankind
caine into existence usider the curse. I have not t
read his whole book, but I believe so far as I have
looked at it that it corresponds to his teaching in r
Morristown, and I do know that there he taught that
men come into the world destitute of original righ-
teousness, corrupt at heart, and subject to pain and n
all woe, and this in consequence of Adam's sin; and t
is not'this teaching the doctrine of original sin? As
to his denial of justification by thith in the righteous-
ness of Jesus Christ I sat in amazement while the j(
charge was read. I have heard him when he was ti
my pastor bring out that doctrine again and again in
the most explicit terms. Indeed the great object a
and drift of his reaching was to declare God's new t
method of justification, by faith in the righteousness h
of his Son. If Dr. Junkin doubts it let him go and v
ask the people of' Morristown. If that. people could a


have been here present and listened to these charg-
es, and the testimony adduced to support them, they
would cry out with one voice '; if Mr. Barnes teach- p
es so he must have changed his sentiments more S
completely than any man on earth." Dr. Rodgers w
and Dr. Ridgeley had both been there, yet they de- p
dared that they had never had a minister who taught a
the Calvinistic system of doctrine as plainly and as h
pungentlyas Mr. Barnes. 1 know that he has thrown
away the phrases Original sin" and Covenant ofl
works" but the Repertory declares that he has
taught the facts in the case, and this is all that any
man, the most orthodox, wishes to have taught.,
While the truths are taught why should we he
alarmed at tie disuse of a phrase? Why were coun-
ter statements quoted from the Biblical Repertory ?
Not for the purpose of making the Repertory coutra-
diet itself. For what, then? The Reperiory had
declared that the denying of original sin involved
blasphemy, and that seems to be the point which s
brethren wish to establish. They bring the Reper- E
tory to declare that denying original sin involvesW
blasphemy, and then they endeavor to !'how that
Mr. Barnes denies original sin. The influence which h
'must follow is sufficiency obvious. A brother wasV
aken to task for affirming that it. was declared from c
I certain quarter that Mr. Barnes deserved to, have
Iis robes of' office torn off his back, but I heard that
language used, and I know what was the aim of
using it; indeed it was expressly avowed that a man
who holds these sentiments ought no longer to hold c
the functions of a christian minister. The brother u
who advanced such sentiments has entered with a
torch the very citadel of the Presbyterian church. I c
would say to hinm "hold back your hand the maga
zine is there. If you cast fire there, the destiny of'
the Presbyterian church is sealed, she falls to rise
never again but in the disjointed fragments produced
by the explosion."
Mr. PICKANDS. i
When the testimony and argument had been
closed, a brother suggested the propriety of comn-
mencing the call for individual opinions at thIe lower
end of the roll, that some of' the younger members, (
and those supposed to be friendly Jo Mr. Barnes,
might first be heard. I took this proposition kindly
-its object was to secure us a hearing; but as things i
now stand, members begin to say that they are tired C
out, their attention begins to flag, and Mr. Barnes's %
friends forming' but a small body, and coming in at b


honest in his course. However we may differ, I be-
lieve it is a difference arising from honest conviction
of duty. 1 concede this to others, and all I ask, is,
that they will allow me the same. If we cannot
agree, let us agree to differ. But why can I not sus-
tain the appeal? If I do sustain it, it must be on
evidence; but what evidence have I heard? None
but what the prosecutor has brought here. None,
not a scrap but what forms part and parcel of the
prosecutor's speech. None but that concerning
which a witness swore that it formed no part of the
Presbyterial record. All the rebutting testimony is
absent. The legal and learned brother over the
way, (Mr. Robert Breckinridge,) who takes so lead-
ing a part in pressing the prosecution, has not pre-
tended that all the evidence is here; he does not
lake that ground. Others say that it is here-that
we have got all we ought to have, and all we want.
As an argument to sustain the charge of heresy, we
are told, that the work on the Romans was intended
bfor the use of children, arid another brother reminds
is that it was prepared for Sabbath school teachers.
When I heard this argument, I thought within my-
sell, there are precious few of our Sabbath school
teachers who are competent o understand it, and
what are the children to do? A venerable father
near the chair (Dr. Cathcart) informed us, that be-
fore a man attempts to write upon the Romans, he
ought to have studied theology for forty or fifty
years. When [ heard this, I said to myself, How
then can I be competent to decide upon such a work,
or tell whether it is heretica or not ?" Suppose 1
was a blacksmith, and never had had any opportuni-
ties of education, should I be competent to decide,
when doctors disagreed"'? And how can these eld-
ers judge in such a case?
[The Moderator here called Mr. Pickands to order:
observing, that there were many elders present in
tIhe Synod quite as competent t) judge on a question
of theology as the gentleman hinmsellf.]
Mr. PICKANDS resuming. I meant no reflection on
the eldership; I hope not so to be understood. I was
ior years a patient listener at the feet ol'Dr. Alexan-
der, arid I may be permitted to say that 1 passed
through the whole course of studies at Princeton,
with no mean character; for the evidence of which,
I may refer to documents still existing in that institu-
tion; and as to my progress since leaving the Semi-
nary, I cherish the humble hope that my poor labors,
with the fruits that have followed them, are regis-
tered in Heaven: yet I confess that, with me, there
is great difficulty in deciding, when I find men su! e-
rior toto cwto to myself, differing entirely in their
views. But this is not all. Not only is the testitno-
ny exparte, but the records of thecliurch below are
not here. Sir, I know why those records are nriot
here. 'I know something of the origin'of the existing
state of things, and 1 know that the Presbytery had
nothing to do with it. It came from another source ;
and when it was proposed to withhold the records,
M". Barnes was at first decidedly opposed to that
course, and he only submitted to it at last, because
the minds ot his brethren were made up to take their
stand on a great constitutional question. How came
the Preshyteries of New Castle and Lewes to agree
to this measure'? Can any one surpose that they
meant to expose themselves to injury, merely lor the
sake of defending Mr. Barnes? No. It was the re-
sutilt of a deliberate and prayerful view of their duty.
But I ask, has not a man put on trial for his life, a
right to avail himself of all constitutional points which
.tre in his flavor ? 11 such a man should deem it not
expedient at this moment to come to trial, and find
that there is some point in law, which, if pressed.
will enable him to postpone his trial to a time more
favorable obr him, is it unfair to avail himself of it,
ind thus get his trial put off until a time when, as he
supposes, he shall be more likely to obtain justice ?
I think not. Mr. Barnes was ready for trial. He
expected to be tried, and declared himself to be
ready, but he then discovers that the constitu-
tion put it in his power to postpone his trial
till the meeting of the General Assembly, and
he accordingly objected to have the trial now
proceed. The Synod overruled his objection and re-
solved that they would go on with it. Ve:y well; that
is, with them. But does that justify me? I am
placed here on judgment on my fellow man. Will it
justify me to say that the Synod is resolved that the
trial shall proceed ? It will riot. I am staggered,
and feel at a loss to proceed. I confess I was sur-
prised to hear it said by Dr Junkin on this floor, that
if'Mr. Barnes chose to suffer the trial to go by default
it was not our fault. I suppose a cause goes by de-
lault when the party prosecuted does not appetsr, or
neglects to plead, but Mr. Barnes did appear and did
put in a plea, how then can it be said that he has
sultered his cause to go by default? tie came before
us, lie put in his plea to our jurisdiction, and when
his plea was over ruled he took an appeal to a higher
court. He did so under the declared conviction that
lie could not defend himself at our bar without ad-
mitting our jurisdiction and the constitutionality ofE
his trial: but this hie could not do with a good con-
science. He was shut up to the alternative of either
taking this course or refusing altogether to plead and
hitting his cause go by default. For myself, having
once taken constitutional ground, consistency urges t
te to go forward, but as to Mr. Barnes I believe he
ad niore anxiety tbr a trial of his case than any -
nan here, antd well he migntl. Wio r' us., would
piRTi-inmself in Mr. Barnes' place for five minutes ? I
am astonished to hear it said that we are to consider i
him as having voluntarily chosen to make no defence,
vhen according to his views and his conscience he
wouldd make none. On the whole, 1 tloubt greatly
whether the present trial is regular; I doubt whether
he charges have been proved; and I doubt whether
rushing the Synod to a final issue at this time will
ltt do more hurt than good. We are told indeed
hat we are not to regard consequences: yet the very I
text moment, the same gentlemen paint to us the
consequences of letting Mr. Barnes run at large in
he most fearful colors. Now I repudiate and abhor
his doctrine, that we are not to look at consequen-
;es. We ought to look at them: we must look at
hem. The way to stop error is not to condemn men
ashly. You may get a man to correct his errors
vhile you spare his feelings, and treat him as a bro-
her: but once openly denounce him, and all the
heans ingenuity can devise to spread his book to all -
he winds of heaven will not be more effectual.
Mr. CAMPBELL.
[Mr. Campbell began to speak when the usual hour of ad-
ournment was near at hand, and the House was very impa-
ent: he was frequently interrupted by motions to adjourn,
nd finally yielded to the will of the Synod by relinquishing
he floor: but before he resumed his seat he gave notice that
e should prepare and put into the hands of the Reporter a
written report of his speech as he had intended to present it
nd should request its publication in place of the broken re-


Marks he had been permitted to submit. Many voices ex-
ressed hearty assent to this arrangement; whereupon tha
Synod rose for an adjournment. Mr. Campbell complied
with his pledge, and we have in our possession his own re-
ort of the speech he had intended to deliver. It is a long
nd carefully prepared defence of Mr. Barnes. We may per-
aps insert it, after we have completed our report of what
was actually said and done in Synod.] J

For the New-York Observer.
TO ALL MINISTERS OF THE GOSPEL.
The day set. apart in many of our states as an an-
nual season of fasting and prayer, is drawing near;
and the friends of peace would take this opportunity
o press the claims of a comnnion cause upon all the
ministers and disciples of the Prince of Peace where
uch a fast is to be observed.
A fast is always a proper occasion for discussing a
heme like that of' peace; but this year the subject
would seem to be forced upon our attention. The
var-cloud, so long hanging on the distant horizon,
has now vanished, and the sun of' peace is likely to
continue his bright and genial beams upon our land.
The circumstances of'the case, all fresh in the minds
of the people, with little or no tincture of party ani-
nosity, will prepare them to hear whatever the am-
Iassadors of the Prince of Peace may choose to say
on a subject so vital to the welfare of individuals and
nations.
We beg leave, therefore, to urge upon ministers
of every name the importance of taking this oppor-
unity to preach that p2rt of the GOSPEL which re- I
ates to peace on earth and good will among men."
Ve would by no means dictate the theme of their
discourses on that day ; but, if there is nothing very
special in the circumstances of their people to call
or other subjects, can they find one more appropri-
ate, more acceptable, or more useful than this?
The cause of'peace is strictly, pre-eminently evan-
gelical. We are well aware of its manilbld bearings
on the temporal interests of mankind, on agriculture,
commerce, and manufactures, on all the arts and
sciences, on knowledge, freedom, and the general
prosperity of nations ; but far more important do we
leem it as as element of the gospel, as a part of
h*hristian chat acter, and an auxiliary in the great
work of a world's salvation. Fatal as war is to the
best interests of this life, it is incomparably more


of this sacred and momentous subject. Can there
be a better time? And would not such a simulta-
neous appeal give the cause u powerful impulse 7
God has smiled upon efforts in the cause of peace.
These effolbrts began soon alter the downfall of Napo-
leon; and since that time, a period of twenty years,
the general peace of christendom has not been seri-
ously disturbed. How far this has resulted, under
God, from the arguments and prayers of these peace-
makers, can never be known with certainty ; but we
verily believe they have already been instrumental
of saving millions on millions of money, and scores of
thousands of lives. Fifty years ago a difficulty far
more trivial than the subject of our recertt controver-
sy with France, would have plunged us into a five or
ten years' war. The pacific feelings of the people
have saved us; and well does it become the friends
of God and man to diffuse far and wide those princi-
ples of peace which will supersede henceforth all ne
cessity of resorting to arms. Nothing short of the
gospel, faithfully applied to the subject, will ever do
this; but it is in the power ofchristians, with such a
sovereign remedy in their hands for all the moral
maladies of our race, to make wars cease just as jar
as christianity itself prevails. Let all ministers
preach, and all christians exemplify its principles of
peace, and use their utmost influence in urging them
upon others; and the peace of chrisendomr would
flow, like a river, uninterrupted through all coming
ages.
But nothing in this cause can be done to purpose
without prayer; and we would inquire whether a
prayer meeting Ior the universal prevalence of peace
cannot in many places be conveniently connected with
the fltst. Where the annual concert of prayer for
peace has not already been held, we hope such a
meeting will not fail to be appointed, and will be at-
tended by all that love to "pray for the peace of Je-
rusalem," and long fobr the day when "nation shall
not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they
learn war any more."
GEORGE C. BEcKwITrH,
Azent of the American Peace Society.
Lowell, Mass., March 12, 1836.
----- ------ -----

THE OBSERVER.
NEW-YORK, SATURDAY, MARCH 19, 1836.

REV. DR. JUNKIN.
In the Christian Intelligencer of last week we find
the letter from Rev. Dr. Junkin to Rev. Dr. Spring,
which we declined to publish, with the following pre-
face by Dr. J.
For the Christian bit,ti, I ,,'a ,.
Ms. EDITOR,-The imperfect right of every man to the aid
of his fellow against insult and injury, is the only plea I pre-
sent in support of the request that you would insert in your
valuable paper the accompanying letters.
The New York Observer, which published the assault of
Dr. Spring, has refused, in the following terms, to give pub-
licity to the defence :-
DR. JUNKIN AND DR. SPRING -We have received a long
communication for our paper, from Rev. Dr. Junkin, on the
subject of the note from Rev. Dr. Spring, which we published
a week or two since. It is very severe, (Dr. Junkin says,
"severely kind,") and would occupy nearly two columns of
our paper. As we cannot see that Dr. J. has any just claim
upon us for the insertion of such a letter, and as we do not
think the publication of it would be profitable to our readers,
we must decline a compliance with Dr. J's request."
It was not so in reference to THE DEFENCE in another case.
Tempora mutantur, and of course with politicians, nos mu-
tamur. To your aid I appeal for equity. By publishing Dr.
Spring's attack upon me and the college, in connexion with
my detfenco, you will do justice to me, injustice to neither, and
much oblige many readers of the Observer, as well as your
humble servant, GEORGE JVNKIlN.
Lafayette College, March 1st, 1836.
REMARKS.
I.' The note of Dr. Spring, which we published,
was simply an explanatory statement, in reply to a
charge of inconsistency made against him in the
Philadelphian. Dr. S. it seems, had signed a letter
recommending Lafayette college, as just such an in-
stitution "as the exigencies of the times and the ne-
cessities of our church call for," assigning this among
other reasons viz. "the Rev. George Junkin D. D.
is President and has the sole right of nominating all
the members of the faculty." The Philadelphian,
after alluding to the fact that Dr. Junkin had pro-
secuted Mr. Barnes as a heretic, for maintaining
opinions, some of which were held by Dr. Spring
himself, expresses its surprise at the inconsistency of
Dr. S. in putting his name to such a recommendation.
Dr. S. replies, in the note which we published, by
simply saying that he signed the recommendation
soon after his return from Europe. and before he be-
came acquainted with the course Dr. Junkin pursued
in his prosecution of Mr. Barnes. When he ascer-
tained that some of the opinions charged upon Mr.
Barnes as heresy, were opinions which he himself
irutd-, he wrote-To Dr. Junkin requcatin= him to.ersae
his name from the recommendation. This wasii ur
interpretation of the note. We could not see in it
any attack upon Lafayette college or upon Dr. Junkin,
nor could we admit Dr. J's. right to occupy nearly
two columns of our paper with comments on such a
note.
II. Dr. Junkin's letter to IDr. Spring, under the
name of "a Defence," is really one of the most pug-
nacious documents ever offered us for publication.
It attacks no less than seven different individuals and
bodies of men, all of them ministers in regular stand-
ing in the Presbyterian church; and to some ot them
it applies charges and epithets of the most offensive
character. That our readers may judge for them-
selves in this matter, we give quotations from Dr.
J's letter.
1. Dr. J. attacks Marion College, in Missouri. He
says:
Our College, and all its officers are poor-and so they al-
ways will be, if guile is necessary to success in begging.
Even if we were disposed,we live too near to succeed in playing
ofi such bubbles for public amusement. We could not by
distance add enchantment to the scene, and make the good
people of Philadelphia and New York, believe that we can
sustain, board, clothe, and teach students on hay and onions.
We have always believed that crooked, worldly policy,
however it may afford temporary advantage, never can per-
manently build utip the walls of a College, or a Church."


Dr. J. will not deny that his allusion here is to
Marion College, a Presbyterian institution in Mis-
souri, the agent of which, at the time this letter was
sent to us, was in New York, soliciting subscriptions
from our wealthy citizens, in aid of its funds. If,
now, Dr. Spring's note was such an attack on La-
fayette College, as entitled Dr. J. to occupy nearly
two columns of our paper in its defence; to how many
columns would the friends of Marion College have
been entitled in defending themselves against this
attack of Dr. J.?
Guile !" playing off bubbles for public amuse-..
ment!" "by distance adding enchantment!" ma-
king the good people of Philadelphia and New
York believe!" "crooked, worldly policy!" What
is there in Dr. Spring's note, in reference to
Lafayette College, that can be so fairly construed
"an attack," as the use of this language in this con-
nection, in reference to Marion College.
2. Dr. J. attacks the Philadelphian. He says:
My brother (Dr. S.) had not lived long enough in America
to have become "acquainted" with the present character of
that print, or he would not have thus quailed beneath its
frown. Had he known that no dubious praise is the virulence
of its abuse, he would have saved himself and me some
trouble.
The Philadelphian is a religious paper, conducted
by ministers in good standing in the Presbyterian
church; and yet Dr. J. here accuses then of being
so unprincipled, and so inveterately opposed to every
thing good that their censure is "no dubious praise!"
3, 4, and 5. In the following sentence Dr. J. at-
tacks the Rev. Mr. Barnes, Rev. Mr. Duffield, and
the whole Western Reserve Synod.
Could not he [Dr. S.] for proof of a fixed purpose to revo-
lutionize our church, have referred that chaste print to the
notes on Romans ; or to Duffield on Regeneration; or to the
admitted fact, that a whole Synod (the Western Reserve) of
five Presbyteries and yet containing but two Presbyterian
congregations in the whole Synod! exists, and is represented
by twelve commissioners on the floor of the General Assem-
bly, viz. six ministers, some of whom have never professed ad-
herence to our standards, and six committee men, none of


low Dr. J. to occupy nearly two columns of our paper
with such a "defence" against'Dr. S.'s note, it is cer-
tain that we should have been equally bound to allow
each of the persons whom he has attacked an equal
space and if they, in their defence had each felt com-
pelled to attack seven others, these others would in
their turn have had equal claims; and so on. We leave
it for our readers to calculate how long it would have
been, under the operation of these claims, before all
the columns of the Observer would have been too few
to contain the strife which would :iave been engen-
dered ; and we submit it to them whether we did not
do right to shut our paper at once against communi-
cation sof this character.

NEW MEASURES IN VERMONT.
A distinguished clergyman in Vermont, in a letter
to his friend in this city, speaking of the report and
resolutions of the Rutland, Windsor, and Pawlet
Associations, which we copied last week, says: "I do
not believe that a majority of the ministers of those
associations approve the sentiments and spirit of that
report as published ;" and expresses the opinion that
it will be seen eventually that the great body of the
congregational ministers and christians in Vermont
entertain very different opinions. On the other side
we copy the following from the Bos.on Recorder and
Vermont Chronicle.
"NEW MEASURES" IN VERMONT.-The Rutland
associations huve addressed a communication to their
brethren in the ministry and the churches under
their care, expressing their decided disapprobation of
the system of measures lately used in that state for
promoting revivals. The Pawlet and Windsor as-
sociations have expressed their concurrence. Four
filths of the ministers in that state, beyond doubt, are
of the same opinion. Probably not one in ten is very
decided in favor of the system.
The system of measures" referred to, is one
which has been extensively practised in western
New-York. It has been in operation in Vermont for
about a year and a half, and has been introduced
into some fifteen or twenty churches in various parts
of the state. There has been, therefore, time and
opportunity to judge of the tree by its fruits, as well
as by its appearance. Several ministers, who once
thought well of the system, have changed their opi-
nion of it.-Bost. Rec.
NORTH-WESTERN ASSOCIATION.-We are requested
by a committee of the North-Western Association,
to state, that. at a special meeting of that body, held
at Johnson. March 1, 1836, for the purpose of acting
on the subject brought before our readers in the
proceedings of Associations published last week, the
Following resolution was adopted :
Resolved, That this body approve of the views expressed
in the paper which has been read from the Rutland Associa-
tion, [i. e. the paper published in our last.]
We are requested to add that the Association also
adopted the Report of a Committee appoiRted by
them, consisting of a Preamble and a series of Reso-
lutions, designed to express in their own language
their views on the same subject; which Report was
placed in the hands of'a committee with authority to
publish it should they deem it expedient so to do.-
Vt. Chronicle.
PROGRESS OF EVANGELIZATION IN FRANCE
[From our Correspondent.]
iBoLBEc, (Lowvr Seine,) 14th Dec. 1835.
Evangelical Chapel at Paris.-Chapel at St. Den-
is and at Paut-Mission in the colony of Algiers
--Normal School in the North of France-Semi-
nary of Evangelists.
Last week I was in Paris, and I am happy to be
able to write you that all our evangelical institutions
are growing rapidly. Tlie friends of the gospel with
whom I had opportunity to converse upon our pre-
sent religious siate, are full of joy and hope; they
agree in saying that the Lord blesses abundantly
their labors, that he opens to them every where
doors for the introduction of the gospel, that the
means of action are multiplied, and that the prospect
of a vast harvest opens before French christians.
The evangelical chapel, opened in the Taitbout
hall, is diligently attended by a numerous audience.
On Sunday, 6th December, I attended religious ser-
vice performed in this chapel, and I found that the
auditory had greatly increased since last year. Is it
not a very remarkable fact, aud a striking manifesta-
tion of the mercy of' God, that, while the doctrines
of the materialism and unevangelical institutions fall
more and more into discredit, the Taitbout chapel is
taking deeper root and constantly enlarging its influ-
ence? The St. Simonians have disappeared from
the stage, after exciting a transient attention, and in
asfa. oawt s ,w a s ain Francore wsingie meeting -
formed under the name of'St. Simon. The modern
Templars, who at first created some sensation in
Paris by their gaudy dress and odd ceremonies, see
their number diminish with alarming rapidity, and
their meetings dwindle into insignificance. Their
grand-master, Mr. Fabre-Palaprat, has publicly se-
parated from his pretended disciples, because he dis-
approves their infidel preaching. The French church
of the abbe Chatel are compelled to remove from place
to place, because landlords cannot collect the rent of
the rooms which they occupy; and the poor abbe,
the self-styled patriarch and primate of the Gauls,
finds it difficult to procure a decent place to celebrate
mass in French, and sing his poor songs. At last he
invoked, as the patron of his chapel, the pious Fen-
elon, associating with him, by a strange fancy, the
name of Voltaire! But a descendant of the house of
the illustrious archbishop of Cambray wrote a letter
demanding of the abbe Chatel not thus to profane
the name ofFenelon; and the French church is now
attended only by idlers, who seek there matter for
jesting, and by ignorant laborers, who think they
give proof of independence of mind, by hearing mass
in their own language.
Thus declines and falls every institution establish-
ed by the vanity and folly of man, living but for' a


moment to show the empty boast of those who would
create a new religion, as they would invent a new
fashion, or compose a new romance. But while these
frail works fall to dust, the work built on the founda-
tion of Christ grows, and every day souls are gained
to the Redeemer. The Taitbout chapel will, per-
haps, soon be too small for the concourse of hearers,
and a new church will arise in Paris to the glory of
God and his beloved Son.
The Evangelical Society has opened also a chapel
at St. Denis, and has placed there an excellent ser-
vant of Christ, the Rev. Mr. Morache, who labors
with great zeal in the important work the Lord has
confided to him. Until now the city of St. Denis has
never had a protestant church, In one station more
then,,the standard of the gospel is raised, and that
place is St. Denis, the burial place of our kings. So
that the principles of the reformation are preached
by the tomb of' Louis XIV, who proudly imagined,
he could arrest the progress of protestantism on the
soil of France. 0 the vanity, the nothingness of
human projects! Louis XIV sleeps in his sepulchre,
and all that remains of him is a little dust; his scep-
tre is broken; his tyrannical laws are abolished; his.
descendants wander over the face of Europ'e, and
sit down, as exiles, at the hearth of strangers. But
the Reformation ever lives in France, in spite of the
exile to which it was condemned, and its voice is
heard over the ashes of Louis XIV, saying to the
great men of the earth: Contend not against the
arm of God, for He is stronger tian you."
In the south of France, a chapel has been opepmed
at Pau. This city is situated in the old province of
Beam, the cradle of Henry IV. Here were once
many protestants, and the revelations and promises
of Jesus Christ were sealed by the blood of martyrs.
But long persecutions overthrew all the protestant
churches of Beam, and stormy blasts put out the
torches which shone in this remote part of France.
The Lord now perhaps designs to revive these dry


I I-k-.~ -


LETTER FROM FRANCE.
[From our Correspondent.]
BOLBEc, 23d Jan. 1836.
The Great Fire in New York.
We have heard, with lively grief and deep sympa-
thy, of the frightful disaster which has recently visit-
ed the city of New York. Christians especially feel
the need of praying for their brethren of' the United
States, who have suddenly lost the riches they had
amassed with such laborious and patient industry.
Among the sufferers by this vast conflagration are,
doubtless, some faithful servants of Christ, who will
be deprived of the sweet pleasure of contributing to
the progress of the gospel by their subscriptions, and
this calamity will perhaps sensibly diminish the re-
sources for Christian efl'orts in New York. But we
may hope, also, that this great disaster will inspire
serious reflections in some who have hitherto labor-
ed only to acquire earthly treasures. They will see
how uncertain, frail, and perishable these treasures
are, and what folly it is in men to put all their trust
in them. They will seek consolation from Him, who
can alone heal their deep wounds: and this day of
mourning may be for some a time of awakening,
which will give them joy through eternity, when the
earth and all its riches shall have passed away.
Should only one soul be led to Christ, and saved
from perdition, by means of the prayers inspired by
this sad event, we shall all have just cause to bless
the Lord for bringing good out of evil.
President Jackson's Message-Relations of United
States to France.
The message of' President Jackson gives general
satisfaction to the French people. They see that
the chief magistrate of the United States had no in-
tention to employ threats, to compel the payment of
the debt. The President disavows also all idea of in-
stiulting France. Political men ask nothing more;
and I believe, if no new difficulty arises, this affair
will be easily adjusted. Some unimportant formali-
ties now only remain, and probably the English
government, which has offered its mediation, will
succeed in removing the obstacles that still oppose
a good understanding between the two people.
French Christians rejoice much at the prospect.
They would have felt great pain, if war had been
kindled between France and the United States. We
are accustomed to regard our brethren of America
as our best friends; we look to them, to sustain us
in our labors of evangelization; we have never
asked in vain for their help to support our Bible and


As I have attended all the meetings of the Board
when this subject has been discussed, 1 will endeavor
to state candidly tie reasons which seem to have in-
fluenced this body in adopting the resolution re-
ferred to.
The first and main reason was, that these resolu-
tions naturally and necessarily grew out of the con-
stitution, and ought therefore to be a rule of conduct
so long as the constitution remains unchanged. The
first article of that instrument runs thus : The
society shall be known by the name of the American
Bible Society, of which the sole object shall be to
encourage a wider circulation of the Holy Scriptures
without note or comment. The only copies in the
English language, to be circulated by the Society,
shall be by the version now in common use." In this
article then are two important restrictions in regard
to the character of the scriptures circulated. Now
let any candid mind ask, why these restrictions were
made? Were they made lor any other reason than
this. namely : so to narrow down and simplify the
work to be done by the society, that all its members
could unite in its performance. Plainly labor no other
reason. The design was to take away every
bone of contention. If comment were added to the
text, the members might disagree as to their mean-
ing-therefore they must be excluded. If different
English versions were to be used the members might
disagree as to their comparative zormectness-there-
fore they must adopt a specific version. King James'
Bible, translated on certain principles, all English
protestants now used, all appealed to as authority,,
and, all could consistently unite in circulating. This
Bible was therefore adopted as the basis of the new
compact into which christians of various names vo-
luntarily entered, leaving all their denominational
peculiarities behind. So necessary was it deemed
to exclude from this society even the appearance of
sectarianism, that public prayer was omitted at its
meeting's, and the simple reading of the Bible substi-
tuted.
When the society was organized, twenty -years
since, little could then be done in the way of foreign
distribution. France, Spain, and Souih America
were well nigh inaccessible, and American missions
among pagans had but just commenced. Distribu-
tions abroad were therefore not an immediate but a
prospective object of attention, and yet they were
ultimately and ardently anticipated. -The second
article of the constitution says, This society-shall
also, according to its ability, extend its influenefAo
other countries, whether christian, Mohammedan,Ir
Pagan." Nothing is definitely said in the constitution
as to the precise character of foreign translations.
Yet who can doubt, from the great caution in regard
to the English scriptures, what would have been the
decision wf those who formed the society had they
been actually called on to patronize a Bible anywhere
which only one portion of tle compact could use? Is
it possible that they who, for the very purpose oF pre-
venting collision among members for home distribu-
tion, fixed on a Bible translated on certain principles
satisfactory to all, should have been willing to encour-
age new translations abroad made on such other
nmininl ae a to fletnd nearly all ? The mere asking


x


I


I


They will address themselves first to protestants language of the Journal des Debats and other jour-
who are established in this country; and then they najs which maintain monarchical principles. They
will go perhaps to the Arab and other Mahometan forget, or seem to forget, that slavery in the United
population to carry them the message of salvation. States is a burdensome inheritance, which cannot be
This mission is very important, and may, with the abandoned in a day. This slavery was not establish-
blessing of God, produce great results. ed by the Republic; it was found by the side of its
May not the time have come,when the land of Ham cradle, and was received from the hands of the Bri- f
shall emerge from its profound darkness, and open tish Monarchy. Intelligent men in France, not
itseyes to the light of christianity ? Many indications hunting for arguments to support a system of gov-
permit us to hope this. At the Cape of Good Hope ernment, well know how to appreciate the situation
and in the interior of South Africa, many English, of American christians and philanthropists in regard
German, French and other missionaries have found- to the difficult question of slavery; they know the
ed stations which enjoy increasing prosperity. Upon necessity of prudence, lest the United States should
the western coast, the colonies of Sierra L;eone besplunged into a dreadful anarchy. But we cherish
and Liberia are central points of evangelization the most ardent wishes that this plague of America
and civilization. In the island of Madagascar, chris- may gradually diminish, and at length be entirely
tians are already numerous, and will probably per- healed. The period wheni slavery shall disappear
severe in the profession of the faith, in spite of the from the American soil will be a glorious era for hu-
persecution to which they are subjected. Thus Afri- minanity, and will be one of the most memorable
ca is already cultivated by the laborers of the Lord epochs in history. Christianity, concurring with this
of the harvest,and the Sun of righteousness begins to work of emancipation, will acquire a new title to the
shine upon these long desolated regions. May God respect and gratitude of mankind.
hasten the day,when the posterity of 'Ham shall take As to the excesses of the mob, they have afflicted
their place in the great christian family! all the friends of the fUnited States, and our most
Tc return to France. An interesting establish- liberal journals declare that the General government
ment is about to be made in the department of the of the United States has not sufficient power. I am
North. Christians of Lille and its environs have too far from the theatre of events to be able to judge ,
laid the foundations of a evangelical normal school, properly in the case, for it is always difficult for a
designed to form pious teachers and to educate child- stranger to appreciate the internal condition of ano-
ren of both sexes in the principles of orthodoxy. The their country. But it is desirable, for the honor of
pastor of Lille, Mr. Marzials, an intelligent and de- the American name and for the interests of liberty in
voted servant of Christ, visited the churches of Hol- the whole world, that such scenes of disorder be not
land, and collected there above six thousand francs renewed. Yours, &c. G. Dn F.
towards the school. One of his friends, Mr. Anthony For the New-York Observer.
Boucher, proposes soon to visit England and the Messrs. Rditors,-The following extracts from a letter re-
United States for the same object. He will make an cently received by me, from Rev. J. R. Campbell of the Re-
appeal to the liberality of our brethren, and I antici- formed Presbyterian Church, missionary to Northern India,
ate that he will meet with a kind reception among are at your service if you see fit to publish them in the Ob-
pateserver. Mr. Campbell sailed in the ship Charles Wharton,
the two nations which are in advance of all others in from Philadelphia, towards the clQse of November 1825, as a
the career of evangelization, Allow me to recom- part of the reinforcement sent out to Loodiana, under the
mend Mr. Boucher to your numerous and pious charge of the Western For. Mis. Soc. of the U. States. The
readers;e will explain to them, when he co mission family of whose employment and happiness he
readers ; he will explain to them, when he comes speaks, includes of course Messrs. Dwight, Winslow, Mc
upon the hospitable soil of the United States, the Ewen &c., who with their wives sailed in the same ship; the
detail of' the project of the normal school to be estab- two former being destined for Ceylon.
Yours with respect,
listed in the north of France. My object now is JoHN N. McLaon.
merely to announce his approaching arrival; he re- Extracts of a letter from Rev. J. R. Campbell.
quested me to introcuce him to Americans by a few Off Pernanmbuco, Coast of Braza,
words in my correspondence, and I am happy to be Dear Brother Me Leod, Monday Dec. k9th, 165.,
able to do this easy service to a young man whn un- This morning at day light we found ourselves in full view
dertakes with much eal and disinterestedness so of Ohnda and Pernambuco. A boat will be alongside imme-
lontan pain miuss an. diately. I cannot permit it to go away without sending a
long and painful a mission, hasty line to you. The many favours which you and your
Our friends at Paris are busy with their plan of' congregation have shown us, and the great interest which
opening a seminary of evangelists. The need of such we know you feel in our welfare have left grateful impres-
sions on our hearts which can never be effaced. We have
an institution is more and more felt by all who know often been talking of the sweet and melting season we spent
our religious state. Twelve ministers of the gospel, with you. It will often be reverted to as a bright spot in our
and ten evangelists are required in different parts of history. We have been highly favored with fair winds, a
Sq i- good ship, pleasant christian society in the mission family,
France,but there is an entire dearth of properly quali- and the best and kindest captain I have ever met.
fied laborers. What then is to be done ? Must we con- Now that we have parted with all our dear christian friends,
stantly reply to these famished and thirsty souls who and are far away upon the sea, on our way to spend our days
ant t and among the heathen, and endure the toils of a missionary life,
pant after the bread and water of life : We cannot you may feel anxious to know what are ocr views of the
satisfy your desires ?" Must we endure the grief of work before us. We can assure you it seems as important as
losing precious opportunities, and of abandoning to ever, and that we would not return, andave the poor
heathen to whom we have been sent, tor all the pleasures of
the sad influences of infidelity or superstition these home and christian society, ortall the wealth and honors
immortal beings, who are eager to hear the message which it is in the power of your happy country to bestow.
of salvation and peace in Jesus Christ ? No; our The more we study the missionary subject, and the nearer
of salvation and peace in Jesus Christo No ourwe approach to the scene of our future labors, the more does
duty is to raise means adequate to the wants: we the importance of this enterprise rise in magnitude before
must undertake the whole task the Lord lays upon us, and attract the sensibilities of our h, arts. We have en-
us, and redouble our efforts when appeals multiply on jycd some delightful meetings on board, particularly the
us, and redouble our efforts when appeals mulply monthly concert. My heart was with you, I could imagine
all sides. But we repeat, how is the want of labor- you and your congregation mi-t and praying for us. We de-
ers to be supplied Only in one way ; and French pend much on the constant supplications oL thechurch in our
christians agree in saying that a semimiary of evan- behalf. We think our progress and happiness is in answer
to the prayers of christians. We feel much encouraged to go
gelists must be opened as soon as possible. It is only forward, from the state of christian feeling we discovered -
by such an institution we shall be able to preach the among our churches at home. "'The Lord has done great
gospel in France upon a large scale. Without it, we things for us whereof we are glad." Let us hope that he will
gospel in France upon a large scale. Without it we still e hings than these, if we seek his glory and the
shall barely live, and our influence will never be fully extension of Messiah's Kingdom. Except the first Sabbath,
and properly exerted. we have had public worship on deck regularly. We have
But a new difficulty arises. Where shall we find two bible classes, one among the sailors and one in the mis-
Bion family. Our society has been of the most delightful.nd
the pecuniary means for supporting a seminary ? The profitable kind. At meals our conversation is generally on
engagements contracted by the evangelical society religion, and in the morning, when the steward is withdraw-
amount already to the sul of 42,300 francs, and it is ing the cloth, each one repeats a text of scripture in proof of
amount already to thea doctrine proposed on the previous day. These doctrines
with great difficulty that we shall succeed in collect- are introduced in systematic order, and the exercise is very
ing enough to discharge our debt. The twenty-seven profitable.
laborers:-ministers, evangelists, school-teachers, We do not expect to see land again, until we arrive at
r br teevangelical society Madras. Committing ourselves to the Ruler of the sea and
and colporteurs, employed by the the dry land we bid you an affectionate farewell.
at this moment, more than exhaust all its resources. JAMES R. CAMPBELL.
French christians are still too few in number to sus-
tain our various religious societies; many of them For the New York Observer.
are poor, and can offer but the widow's mite in aid AMERICAN BIBLE SOIETY.
urA fr eonoliatin; oth'-? h!v'_t yet Messrs. Editors.-You published, a few weeks
acquired those habits of liberality which facilitate all sice, two resolutions adopted byin rela the managers of
the labors of the servants of Christ. But, thanks to ciple of' making translations of the Seriptures into
God, the committee of the evangelical society is not foreign tongues. The principle laid down was, that
discouraged; it goes forward, leaning on the arm of the translation must be such as all the denomina-
Jehovah; money is borrowed sufficient to meet the tions represented in the society, can consistently use,
most urgent expenses, and when the time comes, a was believed that this course would be generally-
seminary of evangelists will be opened in dependence approved of by the members of the society, as being
on the blessing of God. If we go forward, walking in strict accordance with the constitution, and ttat
by faith and not by sight, the Lord will provide the none would question the motives of' the managers n
money necessary for our societies, and he will enlarge that I have misjudged. Several papers, connected
the hearts of christians throughout the whole world with the Baptist denomination, have assailed this
in favor of France. Our hope is in the goodness of disinterested body of nien with language, and in a
God, and it will not be disappointed, spirit, which I pray no friend of the society may be
left to imitate. rhe blessed cause of the Bible can
I am &C. G. 1DE F. never he nromnTid in this w,,v *


NEW YORK OBSERVER.







NEW YORK OBSERVER.
[./


erty to patronize them. But in countries where ver-
sions of the Scripture "may yet be required," that is
in missionary stations, where different denominations
directly connected with the Bible Society, were be-
inning to make new translations, there they were to
be ofthe most faithful" character. The terma "most
faithful" evidently had reference to some standard.
What is this standard ?-The Hebrew and Greek,
the English version, or denominational creed ? All
translations ought, no doubt, to be made from the
original; but on what principle? Shall Diakonos,
Presbyteros, Episcopos, Baptizo, &c. be so translated
by the different denominations as to convey their re-
spective peculiar notions as to the meaning of those
words, and exclude all other meanings? Such a
rule might perhaps answer, so far as each trans-
lator's responsibility to his own denomination is con-
cerned, but such a rule certainly would not comport
,'6ththe genius and spirit of the Bible Society. Its
rule of translation must be such as all can foIIlow;
that is, the rule adopted in making the common Eng-
lish Bible. If any denomination chooses to make
and circulate a sectarian Bible, at its own expense,
either in English or any other tongue. it surely has
the right so to do. But when such a Bible is made,
and the Bible Society is asked to patronize it, the
managers may well decline such a service. They are
here asked to leave that peaceful, neutral ground,
which alone, as a Bible Society, they are permitted
to occupy.
Such were evidently the views and feelings of the
managers, when they adopted the resolutions refer-
red to. They entured into no theological or philo-
logical examination of versions, and felt that they
had no right so to do. Their simple inquiry was,
what versions they were authorized by th'e consti-
tution and the principles of the Society to encou-
rage?" They have honestly given the result of
itheis inquiry, and ought not to be censured. If the
principles on which the Society is founded are ob-
jectionable, this is not thle fault of the managers.
When thosQ principles are altered by their constitu-
ents, it will he time enough for them to alter their
practice. This is a matter which has nothing to do
with the resolutions referred to.
At another time, however, I shall endeavor to
show, that the principles of those resolutions are
wise in themselves, as well as constitutional; that
all the denominations represented in the Society
can consistently follow them ; and that serious, inter-
minable evils would arise, by encouraging any other
principle ot making foreign translations.
A MEMBER OF THE SOCIETY.
*I would not affirm that all articles in Baptist papers, on
this subject, have been of this severe spirit. I add, too, with
muce pleasure, that these resolutions adopted by the Society
were in part drawn, and fully approved of, by some of the
wisest and purest Baptist clergymen of this or any other
country.
For the New York Observer.
Messrs. Editors-As Professor Halsey has thought
fitI from the very best motives I have no doubt, "at
this crisis," to point out "a prevalent mistake" re-
specting" the standard of the Presbyterian Church,"
to his brethren, as I am one of those who esteem it a
privilege as welt as a duty to regard him as a brother
beloved in the Lord, I shall feel obliged if you will
kindly permit me through your columns to ask him
the following questions.
Granting all that he has said, in his letter to his
friend, which you have published, concerning the
"Adopting Act of 1729," to be true, I wish to risk:
I. Does hie consider it "an essential or lundamen-
tal doctrine" of the Presbyterian Church, that our
First Parents, in their state of innocence, were the
Federal representatives of the whole human race ?
2. Is it an essential or fundamental doctrine" of
the Presbyterian Church, that "the guilt of the
sin," whereby they fell, was imputed, atnd the same
death in sin, and corrupted nature"-as belonged to
them in their fallen state-" conveyed to all their
posterity, descending from them by ordinary genera.
tion ?"
3. Is it an essential or fundamental doctrine" of
the Presbyterian Clhurch, that all who thus descend
from them, "are utterly indisposed, disabled, and
made opposite to all good, and wholly inclined to all
evil," and therefore that no mere man since the
fall, is able perfectly to keep the commandments of
God'?"
4. Is it an essential or fundamental doctrine" of
the Presbyterian Church, that it is God who con-
verts a sinner," "and by his grace alone enables
him freely to will, and to do that which is spiritually
-,fgood ?"
5. Is it "an essential or fundamental doctrine" of
the Presbyterian Church, that "those whom God
effectually calleth," are justified not for any thing
wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ's
sake alone. Not by imputing faith itself, the act of
believing, or any olher evangelical obedience to tlhremrn
as their righteousness, but by imputing the obedience
and satisfaction of Christ unto themm"
As these are the leading points at this crisis,"
and not such as are referred to in chapter 24th of the
Confession of Faith, (to which fie refers in the case
of Dr. Miller,) which are agitating the church; and
as they appear to my mind to be so "essential and fun-
damental, that, if they are abandoned, the Confes-
sion of" Faith can be oft no use either as a bond of
union, or denominational teet; and as the manner in
which Professor Halsey has expressed himself in the
letter which you have published, has a tendency,"at
this crisis," to shake confidence in his own views, I
trust yos will permit me thus publicly to beg the fat-
vor of him as a friend, to give a reply to the above
inquiries. And in so doing, you will much oblige,
gentlemen, yours truly,
,.A MINISTER OF 't'HE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.

For the New York Observer.
The writer of this article has witnessed with pain-
ful surprise, the positionn which still continues to be
manifested against temperance societies, by sonie
few individuals, high in station and influence, founded
on mistaken views and erroneous premises, which he
believes an impartial investigation cannot fail to re-
jnove. These feelings of hostility he believes, may
have been unhappily strengthened, by the discussion
of topics unessential to the progress of the cause.
But it in this, as in every other benevolent enterprise
some of ardent, but misguided zeal, have urged, arid
continue to urge their views and measures farther
than circumstances will justitfy, this, as it does not
affect the merit of'the object, should not in any degree
di-pirit the hearts, or paralize the energies of its
friends. The following extract from the last report
of the New York City Temperance Society, contains
a concise, yet lucid exposition of the objects, at which
temperance societies aim, and the principles they
hope to establish.


"The object of Temperance Societies, is to abolish the use
of alcoholic liquors as a drink, and thus striking at the root,
remove the cause of intemperance. The reasons for this are
now well understood. They Contain little or no nutrinment,
and therefore are useless as articles of diet. Their moderate
use is to a greater or less degree injurious, and always subjects
the individual to the hazard of forming a habit, destructive
both to body and soul.* They produce an indescribable
amount of wretchedness and poverty, of disease and death.
They are the exciting cause of a large proportion of the crime
which disgraces and afflicts our country. They counteract
the effects of every benevolent institution, and oppose the
most effectual hindrances to the progress of the gospel. They
spare neither age, sex, character nor station. 'The habit of
using them leads to excess, and is of all others, the most diffi-
cult to subdue. In their manufacture, there is a wanton and
sinful destruction of immense quantities of grain, created for
purposes of sustenance; and as the evils in short, resulting
from their use are so numerous and weighty, and the benefits
atbest equivocal, does not philanthropy, patriotism and re-
ligion, call for their immediate and universal abandonment 1
This, and this only, is what Temperance Societies aim to ac-
complish. They propose the simple and efficacious remedy,
total abstinence-a remedy adequate to the disease. They
aim to remove the cause, to dry up the fountain at its source,
and then the streams of misery and ruin, will cease to flow.
Whatever therefore may be the cause off position
to temperance societies, whether orig-%' in(g in a
misapprehension of their nature, or occai6soned by in-
diflerence to the objects contemplated, it must he
highly culpable and unworthy of philanthropic men.
While it is not expected that all men will equally feel
the importance of'the subject, it is expected all will
admit the dreadful evils of intemperance and the ne-
cessity of a plan of effort commensurate to their re-
mnoval. If there are better means of attaining the
end proposed, let them be suggested and adopted. 1I
Snot, then is the path of duty plain. All should unite in
giving efficiency to those, already in successful ope-
ration. R.M.H.
SThe hazard of becoming intemnip)erate by the habitnal use of in
toxicating liquors, is ascertaiaed to b)e as one in seven.
TEMPERANCE IN MIssISSIPPI.-We learn from a corres-
pondent in Mississippi, that the friends of the Temperance
cause in that State have resolved to raise two thousand dol-
lars, during the current year, for the promotion of the inte
rests of the cause in that State. A part of this sum is to be
appropriated to the employment of Agents to labor in th(
State, and a part to the establishment of a Temperanci
newspaper, to be called the Cold Water Man."
For the New-York Observer.
It is proposed to prepare a Tract, to consist chiefly o


al'subscription of two dollars to the Peace Society makes a
person an annual member, and entitles him to receive the
Advocate and a copy of all the tracts, gratis.
WM. LADD, Gen. Agent A. P. S.
NEW CONOREGOATIONAL CHURcH.-The sixth free church in
this city was organized last Sabbath evening, by the name of
"the Broadway Tabernacle." It is a Congregational church,
"established on temperance and anti-slavery principles," and
will worship in the immense edifice, now nearly completed, on
Leonard street, with an entrance from Broadway. Mr. Fin-
ney is to be the pastor. About 100 members joined at the or-
ganization.
LADIEs' TRACT MEETING.-A meeting of ladies friendly to
the American Tract Society, will be held at the Tract House,
150 Nassau-st. on Monday, the 21st inst. at 12 o'clock, to
adopt measures to complete the $4,000 proposed to be raised
in this city previous to April 15th.
Officers of the Ladies' Tract Association, and other Ladies
interested in this object, are particularly invited to attend.
The Secretaries will please b. ing their reports. Addresses
may be expected.

NEW PUBLICATIONS.
DICK ON MENTAL ILLUMINATION.-"Mental Illumination
and Mloral Improvement of Mankind. By Thomas Dick,
L L. D." Phila.: Key & Biddle.-New York: Van Nos-
trand & Dwight, 146 Nassau st.
We regard the present work of Mr. Dick as possessed of
unusual merit, and as being unusually fitted to do good. It
is an old aphorism, that "knowledge is power." Mr. Dick
insists equally upon the proposition, that knowledge is hap-
piness: and that he who would show in what way the hap-
piness of man, and the cause of morality and religion, may
be best promoted, must attentively study the subject of hu-
maneducation. Such is the plan of Mr. Dick. Commencing
with the period of infancy, and with physical education as his
starting point, he subsequently traces out a course of moral
and intellectual instruction, embracing all that is "requisite
for man, considered as an intelligent agent destined to im-
mortality." The manner in which he has done this, is such
as cannot fail to interest and delight: for as we turn from
page to page, and from the discussion of each several topic,
to the examination of that which, according to his luminous
plan, naturally succeeds it, we are conscious of yielding an
inward unhesilating assent to every proposition.
Every parent, and every teacher, who, upon our recom-
mendation, is led to the purchase and perusal of this volume,
will thank us for having introduced it to his notice. It is a
work which will make its own way; and we are sure, will
do much for the improvement or reform of existing systems
of education, whether public or domestic. B.
THE NAVAL MAGAZINE.-A new periodical thus entitled
has just been commenced in this city. It is edited by Rev.
C. S. Stewart, author of "Residence in the Sandwich Isl-
ands," "A Visit to the South Sea Islands," &c. assisted by
an advisory committee of officers, selected by ballot from
amtnong the members of the Naval Lyceum. It will appear
once in two months. We have not found time to exatnime it
critically, but we trust, from the talent, taste, and religious
character of the gentleman who has the principal charge of
the editorial department, that it will exeit the best influence
in the circle of its supporters. In neatness of typographical
execution, we believe this work is not surpassed by any
American periodical.

JOURNAL OF CONGRESS.
IN SENATE.
Wednesday, March 9.-Mr. Preston moved that his reso-
lution to retrocede the District of Columbia to the States of
Maryland and Virginia, be postponed till the first Monday in
April, and made the special order for that day, which was
agreed to.
Abolition qf Slavery.
The petition of the Society of Friends at Philadelphia being
taken up for consideration,-the question pending being on
the reception of the petition.
Mr. Calhoun addressed the Senate for about an hour and
a quarter, in defence of his motion not to receive the petition.
His argument was principally aimed at the opposition which
had been made to his motion on the score of its being an
abridgment of the right of petition. Against this conclusion
he spoke with force and to considerable extent. He quoted
the vote of the Senate, rejecting the York petition in 1834, on
the same question, as it was decided that it should not be re-
ceived.
Mr. Clay made a brief explanation of the character of the
York petition, and the reasons which had led him to vote
against its reception.
The question was then taken on the question to receive the
petition, and decided as follows:
Yeas-Messrs. Benton, Brown, Buchanan, Clay, Clayton,
Crittenden, Davis, Ewing, Ill., Ewing, Ohio, Goldsborough,
Grundy, Hendricks, Hill, Hubbard, Kent, King, Ala., King,
Ga., Knight, Linn, M'Kean, Morris, Naudain, Niles, Prentiss,
Robbms, Robinson, Ruggles, Shepley, Southard, Swift, Tall-
madge, Tipton,Tomnlinson, Wall, Webster, Wright.-36.
Nays-Messrs. Black, Calhoun, Cuthbert, Leigh, Moore,
Nichols, Porter, Preston, Walker, White-10.
[It will be seen from this that only three Southern States
were united in the support of Mr. Calhoun's motion : Louis-
ana, Mississippi, and South Carolina. The rest of the
Southern States wore either divided, or went, with both
votes, against the motion. So, there is no danger of the right
of petition.]
Mr. Buchanan moved to reject the petition.
Mr. Clay moved to amend the motion by adding as follows:
"For the Senate, without now affirming or denying the
Constitutional power of Congress to grant the prayer of the
petilior.ers, believe, even supposing the power uncontested,
which it is not, that the exercise of it would be inexpedient.
not themselves petitioned for the Abolition of Slavery within
the District.
"2d. Because the States of Virginia and Maryland would
be injuriously affected by such a measure, whilst the institu-
tions of slavery continue to subsist within their respective
jurisdiction, and neither of these States would probably have
ceded to the United States, the territory now forming the
District, if it had anticipated the adoption ef any such mea-
sure, without clearly and directly guarding against it; and
"3d. Because the injury which would be inflicted, by ex-
citing alarm and apprehension in the States tolerating slave-
ry, and by disturbing the harmony between them and the
other members of the confederacy, would far exceed any
practical benefit which could possibly flow from the abolition
of slavery within the District."
Alter some remarks from Mr. Clay and Mr. Preston, the
latter of whom opposed the amendment, as only containing
some, and these not the strongest reasons,
Mr. Porter moved to lay the motion on the table for further
consideration, but, pending this question, on motion of Mr.
Calhoun, the Senate adjourned.

LEGISLATURE OF NEW YORK.
IN SENATE.
Tunnel under the Hudson at Albany.
Tuesday, March 3.-Mr. Gansevoort moved that the bill
authorizing the construction of this tunnel, be referred to a
select committee.
Mr. Mason thought this was a subject of so grave a cha-
racter, that it ought to receive a deliberate examination in
committee of the whole.
Mr. Gansevoort assured the senator that the bill was am-


ply guard d in its provisions,- the whole work to be pursued
under the inspection and not without the consent of the com-
mon council of the city of Albany. The necessity of a speedy
passage of the bill arose from the fact that the gentlemen en-
gaged in the project could now possess themselves of some
property necessary for the work on better terms than after
improvements had been made on it.
Mr. Young said that lie was one of the committee who re-
ported this bill. He knew that it was calculated to strike the
mind as a visionary project-he perceived that some senators
weie inclined to smile at it. Senators probably knew that
attempts had been making for the last seven years, to tunnel
the Thames -in the city of London-that twice during that
period the operations had been interrupted by inundaiions,
by which calamities the success of thie work had been render-
ed extremely doubtful, and it had in fact been abandoned.
But it ought to be considered that the Thames, at that point,
had 30 feet water, and the tide rose 20 feet. Tihe Hudson ai
Albany had but 12 feet water, and an inconsiderable ebb and
flow of tide. The bottom of the Thames too was of ths
most unfavorable, while that of the Hudson was of rock.
The plan as it had been explained to him, was to commence
by the erection of two mounds, on the shore water tight, adl
by coffer dams placed at the end of a section say ten rode,
pump the water out of that section, anid thus get at the bot-
torn of the river without excavation, or going under water at
all. Having constructed their section, they hermetically saal
the end of it, and construct another one by the same process.
He believed that money could do it-whether it would be a
profitable investment or not, was another question. Bat if
capitalists were willing to undertake it, he saw no objection.
'Those whi o had seen the operation of constructing a water-
lock on our canals, could form some idea of the proposed
plan, and would not view it as so entirely visionary.
The motion to refer to a select committee was carried.
Thursday, Alarch 10.-Mr. Wager offered the following
- resolution :
Resolved, That the committee on literature inquire into tie
f' propriety of withholding from the Oneida Institute the sha:-e
Which it is now entitled by law to receive, of the income )f
Sthe literature fund.
Mr. W. said, that in consequence of what had fallen fron
the senator from the 6th, (Mr. L. Beardsley,) yesterday, l.e
Felt called upon to offer this resolution. The first seeds of
abolition were sown in Ouneida county, by the principal of
this institution, who was a lecturer on that subject. [Hs
name being asked, it was given-Beriah Green.] Not only
Swas the principal a professed lecturer on abolition, but tIe
Students were in the habit of haranguing assemblages of tie
- people on that subject. It had also been the subject of greit
complaint that the institute exerted a powerful political it-
fluence. He hoped an investigation would be had, and if it
e should be proved that the corporation had perverted thdr
e powers, and the funds of the state, that those funds would
be withdrawn.
Mr. Loomis said, that for one, he was glad the resolution
had been introduced. He thought it high time some inquiry
f was set on foot, as to how far institutions which enjoyed tie
Patronage of the state, pervert the design of their organUzi-


a and progress of anti-masonry, the resolution passed without
a a dasenting voice.
IN ASSEMBLY.
The United States Bank.
Tuesday, l'Iarch 8.-Mr. M. H. SIBLEY presented a peti-
t tior from the town of Phelps, Ontario county, "for a law
prohibiting the circulation in this state of the bills of a certain
bark, recently chartered by the legislature of Pennsylvania,
antic called the United States Bank, and inflicting penalties on
all vho attempt to pass such hills."
Xr. S. shid that he was acquainted with the petitioners-
ant he was acquainted with perhaps a majority of tht.nim-he
coild and did most cheerfully bear witness to their respecta-
bilty as citizens.-They were men of intelligence and enter-
prie, engaged mostly in agricultural-sorne of them in mier-
cattile pursuits. The petition itself "earnestly requested"
that the legislature would immediatelyl" act in the premises.
1e did not choose to say any thing of the merits of the pe-
titon, if it were in order to do so. It was an important sub-
je:t, and how far the granting of the prayer of the petition
inght, by inducing retaliatory measures on the part of our
sitter states, deprive the banks of the advantages of the cir-
cilation in foreign states .nd territories which the credit of tihe
sifeiy fund system now secured to these institutions-was a
question on which it did not become himn, with his limited
knowledge of financial operations and the currency, to ext
pess an opinion. That was a question which could be bette-
nsolved by thIe bank committee, to whom he apprehended, ir
belonged. It was one of vital interest to the state, and on
b-hall of the petitioners he asked for it the prompt and delib-
e ale consideration of the house.
He asked, at the same time, that no measure might be
alopted the effect of which might be to introduce a system of
retaliatory legislation on the part of sister states-to array
tiem in opposition to each other as regarded the currency,
vhich, in a community migratory as was ours, ought to be of
a common and uniform charaeter-that no system of legisla-
ton might be adopted, the tendency of which might be to ex-
tnd along our borders a line of brokers' shops, as a cordon
sanitaire to carry out laws limiting the currency of the
dates.
After some debate the petition was laid on the table.
The Judiciary.
Wednesday, March 9.-Mr. ROMpYN reported the follow-
hg amendment to the constitution, of which, on motion of
Ar. Dikeman, (modified on motion of Mr. Hough,) three
imes the usual number of copies was ordered to be printed.
Resolved, That the following amendment be proposed to
the constitution of this state, and the same be referred to the
legislature next to be chosen, and published in pursuance of
'ht provisions of the first section of the eighth article of said
constitution.
The court of chancery shall consist of five chancellors.
The legislature shall divide the state into five chancery dis-
tricts. One chancellor shall reside in each of said districts,
and they shall severally hold in their respective districts, at
least four terms of said court in every year.
The legislature nmay provide by law for the holding of one
or more terms of said court in each year, at the seat of gov-
ernment of this state, by all or at least a majority of said
chancellors.
The chancellors shall severally be members of the court for
the trial of impeachments, and the correction of errors.
The legislature may vest such eq ity powers in subordinate
courts or officersas may from time to time be deemed neces-
sary, subject to the appellatejurisdiction of said court of chan-
cery.
So much of the constitution of this state as is repugnant
hereto is hereby abrogated.
Resolved, That the following amendments to the constitu-
tion of this state be proposed and referred to the legislature
next to be chosen ; and that the Secretary of State cause the
sarne to he published for three months previous to the next
annual election, in rursurance of the provisions of the first
section of the eighth article of the constitution.
1st. There shall be appointed two additional justices of the
supreme court, each of whom shall possess all the powers of
a justice thereof, and the said court shall consist of a chief
justice and four justices, a majority of whom may hold the
same.
2d. The legislature may at any time hereafter establish and
organise a superior court of com mon pleas, to be composed of
the circuit judges, any five of whom may be required to hold
the said court, in addition to the duties to be performed by
them as circuit judges. The powers and jurisdiction of the
said court shall be subordinate to the supreme court. And so
much of the constitution as is inconsistent with these provis-
ions, is hereby annulled.
Among the bills read a third time and passed, was one,
To provide for a geological survey of the state.

DOMESTIC,

THE WAR IN FLORIDA.-Accoulnts from St. Augustine to
the 2d inst. state that reports had reached there that, on the
night of the 29ih of February, Gen. Gamines was attacked by
a body of about 1,500 Indians, on or near the banks of the
Withlacoochee, a lew miles from Camp King, and that he had
succeeded in beating them off, with the loss of four killed and
twenty wounded, among the latter two officers. The loss of
the Indians is said to have been 300.
CALAMITOUS FIaE.-About 5 o'clock on Wednesday morn-
ing, a fire broke out in the wheelwright and blackamiith shop
of Mr. Early, in Tweifth-st. near the third avenue, and comn-
municated to the extensive stables of Mr. James Murphy, in
Eleventh-st. which were destroyed, together with nearly all
their contents, and what is melancholy to relate, three men
perished in the Jlamcs! Their names wera Patrick Dorety,
James Kenney, and John Conway. Two of them slept in
the stable, and the other had gone in to assist in rescuing the
horses. Their bodies were found at 8 o'clock amongst some
burned straw, and so dreadfully disfigured as to render it im-
possible to identify them. A boy is also missing who is sup-
posed to have been burned to death. Mr. Murphy runs a
line of stages from Wall-street up the Bowery, and as might
hp. amDosed. ihad a great number of horses, thirty-two of
whica pertstie. klVe S aL o., -.U ...-. ,- __,1.-- ..._..... ....
longing to the establishment, were also burned. The whole
loss is estimated at 10,000 dollars, and no insurance.
A three-story brick house, occupied by Mr. Murphy, cor-
ner of 12th at. ard 3.1 avenue, was very badly damaged. It
was owned by David S. Mills, who had no insurance. A
frame building, occupied by Mr. Van Tassel, formerly City
Marshall, was destroyed, with most of its contents. The fire,
when at its height, raged with great fury, on account of the
extreme combustibility of the materials, and at a distance had
the appearance of an extensive conflagration. It is expected
that the fire was caused by an inceed-ary, as no work has
been done in the shop by Mr. Early for some time past.--J.
of Coin.
DESTRUCTION OF A WHOLE FAMILY BY THE COLD.-We
have just learned the particulars, says the Haverstraw Times,
of one of the most melancholy circumstances it has ever fallen
to our lot to record. During the protracted inclement weather,
much fear has been entertained for the safety of the more poor
and destitute inhabitants that reside far up the mountains,
and to approach whom has been impossible, from the vast
body of snow upon the ground. The few warm days have,
in a measure, dissipated the late snow drifts, and persons
have ventured into the mountains in quest of timber-wood, or
in pursuit of game. Many are the objects of suffering and
distress that issue from the mountain cabins, some with fro-
zen feet, some with frozen hands, artd some brought to the
verge of the grave by absolute hunger. Last Saturday a
person was passing through the mountain, when, beyond the
Orange county line, he saw a man, near a cabin, in a sitting
posture and partly covered with snow. On approabhing, he
discovered lie was frozen to death, and Ihat lie had in his


hand a wooden shovel with which he had evidently been la-
boring to open a passage from his snow-bound habitation.
Satisfying hinisi.'lf that the man had been sometime dead, he
entered the cabin, upon the floor of which, to his infinite hor-
ror, he found the frozen bodies of a middle aged woman and
two children. He immediately raised the neighbors, the
nearest of whom resided at a distance of a mile mnd a half,
and on further examination, it was ascertained, from appear-
ances, that they had consumed every particle of food and
fuel, arid perctiving no likelihood of the storm abating, it is
supposed that the father was attempting to clear a path to
some wood, which lay a short distance from the cabin, when
he expired; and the mother and children being destitute of
food and fire, and poorly clad, could not have long survived
himn. It is difficult to imagine a situation more replete wiih
horror and distress than was that of this unfortunate family,
when they felt all the torments of cold, hunger, and approach-
ing death.
THE ABOLtTION MEMORIALS.-The National Intelligencer
gives the following sketch of the remarks of Mr. Webster, in
the Senate, on the question which has been for a long time
utinder debate in that body, relative to the reception of the
abolition petitions.
Mr. Webster expressed shortly his judgment as to the pro-
per course to be taken with these petitions. He thought they
ought to be received, referred and considered. That was
what was usuaiy done with petitions on other subjects, and
what had been uniformly done, heretofore, with petitions on
this subject also.
Those who believe they had an undodbted right to peti-
tion, and that Congress had undoubted constitutional au-
thority over the subjects to which their petitions related,
would not be satisfied with a refusal to receive the petitions,
nor with a formal reception of them, followed by an imme-
diate vote rejecting their prayer. In parliamentary forms
there was some difference between these two modes of pro-
ceeding, but it would be considered as little else than a differ-
ence in mere form. He thought the question i-nust at some
time be met, considered, and discussed. In this matter, as
Sin others, Congress must stand on its reasons. It was in
vain to attempt to shut the door against petitions, and expect
in that way to avoid discussion. On the presentment of the
first of these petitions he had been of opinion that it ought to
Sbe referred to the proper committee. He was of that opinion
still. The subject could not be stifled. It must be discussed,
and he wished it should be discussed calntl,, dispassionately
and fully, in all its branches and all its bearings. To reject
the prayer of a petition at once, without reference or consider-
ation, was not respectful; and in this case nothing could be
possibly gained by going out of the usual course ot respectful
consideration.
THE RELIEF BILL.-Knowing as we do the benevolent in-
tentions of Congress in passing this bill, it is with regret and
mortification we have to state, that in consequence of the
phraseology of a particular clause, it will in a great measure
fail of its object, unless by a supplementary Act, its meaning
should be distinctly declared. The whole amount of bonds
to which the Act was intended to apply, is ascertained to
a.mount, ,o 3.620.000


readiness for the reception of the rails by the first of May.
The superstructure, including the rail plates, for a distance of
fifteen miles, was perfected before the commencement of win-
ter, and arrangements have been made to recommence laying
the rails at an early period in the spring, and in a manner so
vigorous as to ensure the opening of the road throughout the
whole line in August next.
KENTUCKY LEGISLATURE.-In the House of Representatives
of Kentucky, on the 20th ultimo, resolutions nominating
General Harrison as a preferred candidate for the Presidency,
were passed by a vote of 54 to 41. They were introduced by
Mr. Wickliffe as a substitute for resolutions introduced'by
Mr. Harris, approving the course of the Executive of the
United States in regard to our relations with France. The
Legislature was expected to have adjourned on the 27th.
Among other acts which have passed during the session
is the bill giving the sanction of the State to the Charleston
(S. C.) Rail Road to the West.
On the 20th, Mr. Joyce presented the petition of the citizens
of Louisville relative to a branch of the UniteJ States Bank,
recently chartered by Pennsylvania. A scene of no little
violence followed. The petition was referred by a vote of 60
to 33, to a select committee of twelve. A motion made by
Mr. Davis, of Bourbon, to instruct the committee to report
the petition unreasonable, was yet to be acted on.
LARGE APPROPRIATIoN.-The committee on internal im-
provement in Maryland have reported in favor of appropria-
ting ten million of dollars to objects of internal improvement.
The proposed appropriations toward the accomplishment
of their great public works are as follows:
To the Chesapeake and Ohio canal $3,000,000
To the Baltimore and Ohio railroad 3,030,000
To the Eastern Shore railroad 1,000,000
To the Maryland canal 500,030
To the Annapolis canal 500,000

Making in all, the sum of $8,000,000
THE INDIANS.-We find the following paragraph in the
Chicago American of the 27th lilt.
"Rumor says the Indians on our frontiers are discontented
and that those who were removed west of the Mississippi last
year ire returning. If such be the case, we may have ano-
ther Black Hawk afliir. The number of warriors in the
neighboring tribes is estimated at 4,OO) to 5,000. The country
is wholly unprepared for resistance in case the Indians should
commence hostilities."
INGRATITUDE.-A few evenings back, a yeung man named
John Mahony. who had by dint ofindustry and economy ac-
cumulated $800, met another young fellow named Thomas
Hearn, whom he had known for some years, and who was
now destitute of a night's lodging. Mahony kindly brought
him home to a house Where lie slept in Broadway, and gave
him part of his bed. The next morning, when Hearn was
going away, he stole every shilling of his friend's $800. The
fellow was taken into custody.
COLONIZATioN.-Maryland in Liberia is in danger of being
deserted by the Legislature of Maryland. A proposition to
repeal the law relating to colonization -ntirely, and another
to compel the free colored people to quit the State of Mary-
land,-the latter suggested by Mr. Berry of Alleghany,-are
not the only indications of serious attempts to abandon the
present, as we verily believe, most fortunate posture of our
relations with the Slave question. We deem it a duty to ad-
vise the friends of the most humane and philanthropic
scheme which is known to the age, of the necessity for their
speedy and efficient support to the cause.-AnnapolisRepub.
lican.
THE BLOWING UP CAsE.-This case has excited a good deal
of interest, as well on account of its novelty, as from the
amount of property involved. The Jury, it will be recollected,
gave Mr. D. N. Lord a verdict of $156,274 80, for goods con-
sumtned in consequence of the blowing up of the store during
the great fire by order of the civil authorities, and Mr. Rufus
Lord $7,768 60, on account of the destruction of the building.
The case, we are told, will be carried up to the Supreme
Court by the Corporation, who it is supposed, will have other
claims of a similar character brought against them to a large
amnount.-N. Y. Journal af Commerce.
SHOCKING OCCURRENaCE.-On Monday evening last the
house occupied by William Top, a colored man, at Tripe's
hill, Onondaga county, was burned to ashes with himself and
two children, one about four and the other one year of age-
his wife escaping with her life, having her back, shoulders,
neck, and arins, severely burned. She was awakened from
her lutnmbers by the flamiesin the room.-She could not effect
her escape at the door, but broke out a small window and ef-
fected her escape through it. It is believed that the sufferers
never awoke.-The relation of this sad calamity is painful in-
deed; but it ts not less so to state the cause of it. Top, a
year since, was sober, industrious and honest, and accumula-
ted a comfortable property, until, at last, by associating with
a class of dissolute beings, he let himself down so as to become
their companion in riots and drunkenness; and while under
the influence of liquor, and contrary to the advice of a friend,
hlie heated thIe stove in his room at a late hour in the evening,
and which was in an unsafe situation, to such a degree, that
the pipe communicated fire to the house and destroyed it.-
Albany Argus.
THE BATTLE GROUND WHERE MAJOR DADE AND HIS COM-
MAND PERISInD -The following official statement, received
at the Adjttanit General's office, gives an interesting account
of the reconnaissance of the battle ground, where the gallant
Dade, with his little command, met his melancholy fate, in
the action with the Indians, on the 28th of December last.
Western Department,
Fort King, Florida, Feb. 22, 1836.
General,-Agreeably to your directions, I observed the bat-
tle ground six or seven milts north of the Ouithlacooche river,
where Major Dade and his command were destroyed by the
Seminole Indians on the 28th of December last, and have the
honor to submit the following report.
The force under your command which arrived at this post
to-day from Tampa Bay, encamped on the night of the 19th
inst. on the ground occupied by Major Dade on the night of
the 27th of December. He and his party were destroyed on
ti- ,- .. a f ,h^o. th o' I|)fece or r'b. "1 1 .' .:1.,. :.-
vance of that position. He was advncing towards this post,
and was attacked from thIe north, so that on the 20ch inst.
we came upon the rear of his ba..,e ground about nine o'clock
in the morning. Our advanced guard *.ad passed the ground
without halting, when the General and his staff came upon
one of the most appalling scenes that can be imagined. We
first saw somne broken and scattered boxes; then a cart, the
two exeii of which were lying dead, as if they had fallen
asleep, their yokes still on them ; a little to the right one or
two horses were seen. We then came to a small enclosure,
made by felling trees in such a manner as to form a triangu-
lar breastwork for defence. Within the triangle, along the
north and west faces ol it, were about thirty bodies, mostly
mere skeletons, although much of the clothing was left upon
them. These were lying, almost every one of them, in pre-
cisely the position they must have occupied during the fight,
their heads next to the logs over which they had delivered
their fire, and their bodies stretched with striking regularity
parallel to each other. They had evidently been shot dead
at their posts, and the Indians had not disturbed them, ex-
cept by taking tie scalps of most of them. Passing this little
tlreastwork we found other bodies along the road, and by the
side of the road, generally behind trees which had been resort-
ad to for covers from the enemy's fire. Advancing about
200 yards further we found a cluster of bodies in the middle
of the road. These were evidently the advanced guard, and
in the rear of which was the body of Major Dade, amid to the
right, that of Captain Fraser.
These wete all doubtless shot down on the first fire of the
Indians, except perhaps, Capt. Fraser, who must, however,
have fallen very early mr the fight. Those in the road and by
the trees, fell during thie first autack. It was during a cessa-
tion of the fire that the little band still remaining, about thirty


in num-ner, threw up the triangular breastwork, which from
the haste with which it was cuonistrucied, was necessarily de-
fective, and could not protect the men in the second attack.
We had with us many of the personal friends of the officers
of Major Dade's command, and it is gratifying to be able to
state that every officer was identified by undoubted evidence.
Tl'ey were buried, and the cannon, a six pounder, that the
Indians had thrown into a swamp, was recovered and placed
vertically at the head of thie grave, where it is to be hoped it
will long remain. The bodies of the non-commissioned offi-
cers anid privates were buried in two graves, anid it wasfound
that every man was accounted for. The command was com-
posed of eight officers and one hundred and two non-com-
mnissioned officers and privates. The bodies of eight officers
and ninety-eight men were interred, four men having escaped;
three of whom reached Tampa bay; the fourth was killed
the day after the. battle.
It may be proper to observe that the attack was not made
from a hammock, but in a thinly wooded country; the In-
dians being concealed by palmetto and grass, which has since
been burned.
The two companies were Captain Fraser's of the 3d artil-
lery, and Captain Gardiner's, of the 2d artillery. The offi-
cers were Major Dade, of the 4th infantry, Captains Fraser
and Gardminer, second Lieutenant Bassinger, brevet second
Lieutenants R. Henderson, Mudge, and Keats, of the artillery,
and Dr. J. S. Gatlin.
I have the honor to be, with the highest respect, your obe-
dient servant,
(Signed,) E. A. HITCHCOCK,
Captain 1st infantry, Act. lnsp'r. General.
Major Gen. EDMvND P. GAINES,
Commanding Western Department,
Fort King, Florida.

SUMMARY,

The Globe Fire Insurance Company of this city has pa-
titioned the Leislature for a reduction of its capital from
$1,000,000 to $500,000.
About 5 o'cl4Jk on Friday evening, the 11th inst., six
laborers were crushed by a wall, which fell at an unexpected
moment, in Waler street, near Wall, and three of them were
instantly killed, viz: William Fletcher, Michael Furay, and
Benjamin Wagener. The two first are Irishmen, and have
left families to mourn their decease. Wagoner was a lad, not
over fifteen or sixteen years of age. The other three were
severely wounded.
A bill to establish a Penitentiary and also a bill to incorpo-
rate the New Orleans and Nashville Rail Road has passed
the Legislature of Mississippi. Several other Rail Roads
have been chartered by the Legislature of that State. A
Union Bank with a capital of $15,000OJO has been incorpo-
rated.
The Rail Road from Vicksburg to Jackson, Mississippi,
is progressing rapidly, 600 laborers being employed.
The lot No. 55 Maiden Lane, between Wiliam and Nassau


" Rev. Albert Barnes has in preparation a commentary an
the book of Isaiah.
The government of Denmark are taking measures to eman-
cipate the slaves in their West India Islaids.
The Iriends of South Hanover college, Indiana, are propo-
sing to raise the sum of $36,000 to found three professorships
in that institution.
The Relormed Dutch Church, at Fallsburgh, Sullivan
county, was destroyed by fire on the 1st inst.
The legislature of Tennessee adj urned on the 21st ultimo,
having passed during the session 226 acts. Among them is
an act which provides that any person preparing, with a view
ti circulation, any paper, painting, drawing, &c., calculated to
excite insurrection among the colored population, shall be
deemed guilty of felony, and confined in the penitentiary not
less than five nor more than ten years. Any person circu-
lating such paper, painting, &c., or attempting in any man-
ner to excite insurrection, shall suffer the same penalty.
Nicholas Biddle declined ri-election, as President of the old
United States Bank, and the directors chose MatherL. Bevan
in his place, on Tuesday last. Mr. Biddle was chosen Presi-
dent otf ,he nwfl Bank.
Commodore Elliott immediately suspended the principals
and accessories in the late duel between Midshipmen Barton
and Wood, at Smyrna, and placed them under custody. He
also wrote information of thie occurrence to the President, in-
sisting that the parties should be precltided from promotion.
The sates of public lands in Michigan alone in 1835, amount
to 82,271,655 49-more than all the sales in the U. S. for any
one year previous to 1832.
In the late duel, between Messrs. Caldwell and Gwynn, at
Clinton, Miss. 400 persons were present as spectai ,rs. Cald-
well died in about two hours. Gwynn received a glancing
ball in tke fleshy part of his chest, and is recovering.
A letter of the 5th inst. from Columbus, states that the
steam-boat Metamora, for Apalachicola, with a cargo of cot-
ton, has again sunk. This is the second time this season,
that boat has sunk.
On Saturday evening last, William Duffy, for some years
past the manager of the Albany Theatre, expired, of the
wound inflicted on the 10th February last, by John Hamil-
ton, one of the members of his company.
The committee of the Pennsylvania House of Representa-
tives, to whom was referred the famous bribery case, have
reported to the house, concluding with a resolution that Mr.
Conrad be publicly reprimanded at the bar of the house, for
his attempt upon the virtue of Mr. Krebs. The majority of
the committee have also presented a report, exonerating Mr.
Conrad from any serious attempt to bribe the honorable gen-
tleman.
Tle bill to raise money by tax for the support of govern-
ment, was rejected by the Senate of this State on Saturday,
16 to 9. In lieu of a tax, it is proposed to borrow annually
from the Canal Fund, 600,000 dollars.
The lot of the Fulton Fire Insurance Co. was sold at auc-
lion by Messrs. Bleeckers on the 10,h inst. at $40,100. It is
28 feet on Wall-st. and 40 feet deep, and was bought of course
Dy the Merchants' Exchange Company, as it stands on the
square which the Exchange is to cover.
The petition front Ontario co. to prohibit the circulation
within this State of bills of the U. S. Bank, was further
discussed in the N. Y. Assembly on the 8.h inst., after which
it was laid on the table, to await a more full development of
public sentiment.
The Seminary at Norwalk, Huron co. Ohio, was entirely
consumed by fire on the night of the 26th ult., together with
a valuable philosophical, astronomical, ard chemical aplara-
tus, a cabinet of curiosities, and a library. This institution
was under the patronage of the Methodist Episcopal Church,
and was in a flourishing state. The loss is estimated at about
3,000 dollars.
The Mobile Chronicle of the 1st inst. gives a report that
Santa Anna has landed in Texas, at the head of 12,000 men.
Trhe Legislature of New-Jersey, at their last session, grant-
ed thirteen divorces.
Edward Kent, of Bangor, has been nominated by the Whig
Convention of Maine, as a candidate for Governor.
The Hon. Samuel Wilkminson has been elected Mayor o1
Buffalo.
A Scotch paper gives the proceedings of a criminal court,
before vhich the engineer of a steamer which had exploded,
was tried for "culpable homicide." Such investigations are
much wanted in this country.
A letter dated Greenville, S. C. Feb. 28Lh, says : Mr. Hen-
ry Springfield was frozen to death on mte night of the 18JI
iest. about twelve miles above this place. The deceased was
somewhat intoxicated. Mr. Solomon Douthitt, a mnAn up-
wards of 60 years of age, residing near ihe Table Rock in
Pickens District, also perished with cold on the night of the
1Sith inst. in the vicinity of his own dwelling.
The Whigs of Rhtode-Island have nominated Hon. Tristram
Burges, as a candidate for Governor, at the approaching elec-
tion.
Sne Lessees of the Fulton Ferry, it is said, have offered to
sell the three years remainder of their lease, for a sum to be
paid annually equal to the nett profits of the Ferry for the
year 1835.
The bill providing for a geological survey of the State,
which passed the Assembly on Wednesday of last week, ap-
prapriates for that purpose $26 000 per annum for four years.

ECCLESIASTICAL. RE'COI1D.
On Tuesday, 10th Feb last, Rev. E. Hazard Snowden was instal
led by the Presbytery of Watertown, pastor over the Presbyterian
church and congregation ot Brownville, Jefferson couMnty, N.Y.
Introductory prayer and sermon by Rev. G. S. Boardmnan, of V\ a.
tertown, Iroi Proverbs xi. 30; the constitutional questions pro-
posed, and charge to the pastor, by Rev. Sainuel F. Snowden;
installing prayer by Rev. Mr. Jones, of Antwerp; charge to the peo
pile 1)V Rev. .Iosepli Myers, of Antwerp.
lnstallation.-Rev. Edwin F. 1Iatfield was installed over the 7th
Presoyleriatn church in this city, (late undei thu, pastoral charge 01
Rev. Etihu W. Baldwin,) on Wednesday, 2d March Setimon b)
Rev. Wmin. Adamns, from .lamies l 18: '"O( his own will begat lie us
with the word of truth." Charge to the pastor by Rev. Mr. Patton,
and charge to thie people by Rev. Henry White.

MARRIED
On Thursday, the 10th inst. by the Rev. Dr. Mathews, A. L.
Cadmus, M. D "of Bergen, New Jersey, to Mary Jane, eldest daugh.
= or Daiic Fanshnw, E.sq. of this eitv. -

DIED.
On Tuesday morning, the 15th inst. in the 55th year of her age,
Sarah Plait, wife ef Cornelius Du Bois, and daughter ot the late
Robert Ogden, Esq.
In this city, on Friday morning, tIhe llth inst. in the 86th year o0
his age, Joseph Howland, one of th,; oldest and most extensive
merchants in New York. The colors of the vessels in our harbor
were hoisted half. mast, in respect to his memory.
At Canandaigua, on the 3d inst. Mrs. Ann Pierson, wife ofilsaac
Pierson. Esq. aged 44 years.
At Pahnyra, on tthe 10th inst. after a lingering illness, Catharine,
daughter of Joseph S. Fenton, Esq. cashier of the Wayne co. Bank,
aged 18, a young lady of high mental attainnments and amiability.
The City Inspector reports the death of 105 persons during th
week ending on Saturday, thie 12th inst.-Consumption S0, convul
siuna 14, dropsyin thp head 5, croup 5, inflamnationofthe chest 10
measles 6, small pox 2, stillborn 9.
Of the above, 15 were colored persons.

NOTICES.
C The Rev. Dr. Woodbridge, late pastor of the Bowery church
in this city, will, by request, preach to morrow (Sabbath), at 10!
o'clock in the morning, and 3 o'clock in the afternoon, in one oftth
Lscture rooms of the New York Universimy, on Washington square
also, at7 o'clock in the evening, in the Chapel ef the University..
S.* Entrance to the lecture room, from Vashington place.
'- To tha Missionaries of the A. H. M. S-The Executiv(
Committee of the A. H. M. S. desire to present, at the Anniversarn


in May, a complete return of the results of their operations during
thlie previous year. To this end, they re(lqest each Missionary t(
furnish a list of the particulars enumerated in his commission, and
forward it by mail, as early as thie first day of April. Direct to A
Peters, Cor. See. 150 Nassau street, New York. 2t
j- Tihe Anniversary of the Sunday school attachtied to th,
Mariners' church in, Roosevelt street, will take place onu Sabbail
evening next, alt 7 o'clock. A sermon will be preached on the occa
sion, and a collection taken up to defray the annual and incidents
expenses of the school. The friends of seamen and of Sunda)
schools are respectfully invited to attend.
r The Board of the N. Y. Female Benevolent Society will liol
a special meeting on Monday, the 21st inst. at 3 o'clock, P. M. at th
house of Mrs. Richards, No. 44 White street.
tXF- The following subject will be publicly discussed, at Broic
way Hall, No. 440 Broadway, en Saturday (this) evening, at ha
past 7 o'clock:-"Is Slavery consistent with the spirit of t0P
Gospel?"
[- The Cor. Sec. ofthi New York Colnihzation Society acknow
ledges the receipt of $50 from a lady in Brooklyn, to constitute e he
pastor, the Rev. Ichabod Spencer, a life director.
rPS The Mechanics and Working Men ofthe city of New Yor
invite a public discussion of the Temperance question; and, fo
this purpose, will hold a meeting in Cihatham street chapel, o
Wednesday evening, the 23d of March, at half past 7 o'clock. A.
this meeting, the Makers, Venders, and Drinkers of Intoxicatmi
Liquors, will be permitted to defend the making, vending, and using
the same as a beverage, ant also to express the reasons for their
opposition to the Temperance Society.
Fifteen minutes will be allowed, alternately, to the speakers o
each side of the debate.
The subscribers earnestly invite all Mechanics, without regard
to condition or party, as tEmployers, Journeymen, and Apprentice;
to ineet with them on ihis interesting occasion.
Thomas T. Woodruff, Martin E. Thompson,
Henry Worrell, William B. Htumbert,
Dwight Bishop, T. B. Kreemer, and
Many hundlred4 other Mechanics.
,t3--Tlhe subscriber .iv.,loi acknowledges the receipt of
certificateof lie membershipof lie Young Men's New York Bib;
Society, by virtue Affa donations made by the teachers and scholar
efthe Sabbath school in the Central Presbyterian church.
W. ADAMS.
New York, 18th March, 1816.
r On Sunday evening next, a sermon will be preached in th
church in Market street, by ttie Rev. Dr. McCarlee; after which
collection will be made to aid the funds of the Female Assistant
Society.
5 K~ The New York Examining Committee of the Presbyteria
Education Society will meet at the Tract House, at 0 o'clock, A. N
on the last Tuesday of March. WMi. PATTON, Sec.
a- The subscriber thankfully acknowledges the kindness
the tnembers of his former congregaiior, a. Sparta, N J. in contr
buting $30, to constitute himr a file neminber of the Ametican Hoi
Missionary Society. May they ever remember the words of tl
Lord Jesus, how he said, it is more blessed to give than to receive
JAMES WVrCKOFE.
t3-The Treasurer of the Now York Feu male Benevolent Socie
acknowledges the following receipts the pant month :-Fromn ladit
of North Brookfield, Mass. by mrs Sherry $15; mir Ri Curtis' smb
Sthie ann meeting ofl the Soc 20; mr A Bigeltaw do 15. By mrs Ben
,iiv,-nmas t .,s Fellows 5. mirs Fteoman I. Mins (Gordon 1. mrs Wa


Presbytery, SC. Tr *do per Rev M D Frazer, Agt. 429. Ballston
NY. balance of sub. per Rev Mr McMaster, pastor 13 38; Troy, |NY.
ladies of the 2d street ch. per Rev Dr Snodgrass, pastor 167 62;
Waterford, NY. Rev Reuben Smith, pastor 55-236, per Rev John K
D ,ivis, Agt. SamuelThompson, Tr at Pittsburg b6 Newville, Pa.
Rev R McCachren 1. Washington, Guernsey co Ohio, per 1ev 1)
Polk 9. Baltimore, 1st Presb cb. George Morris 100, Alex'r FPidge
100, George Brown ann Mrs Brown 100, Wm A McDonald 40, Wim
A A Murdoch 30, Jas Campbell 20, Mr Gilmore 15, Jas Armstrong
15, Mrs Williams 10, Jas N Brown 10, R Gilmner 10, 'Mrs Nichols5,
P Gibson 5, D IHaris 5, G 11 Morton 5, J Mashier 5, H Pearce 5, F
11 Smith 5, P 11 Coakley 5, John Bradford 5, R Rooker 5, 1) Stew
art 5, J Zalar 6, cdl 5. do 5; W It Bool, 6 Bibles, 3 do; J Haskell 2,
M Colieman 1, W Haskell 1, IT'Stewart !, ca.ih 1, do 1, lE W Ecles
SOc. collection it, ch 51-586 50, per Dr W A McLDowell. /ta.1t 3d
Presb ch. in part per do 50. )o 2, Presb chin part per do-Gen W
McD-.nald 100, Rev R .1 Breckenridge 50, A George 20, J Bingham
10, J B,'attie and family 1U, G Carson 10, Mrs Kelso and family 9,
Mrs Breckenriildge 5, E C Dubois 5, .los Diew 5, Margaret, Brown 5,
*I s Arinon5, Win 11 Beattip 5, James S. of Va. 6, .Jolhn Wilson and
lanily 5, Jac Spilnan 2. MNs II Graham and family 3 50, Mrs Ab-
hlorn(2, Peter Fenby 2, Mrs Tremble 1 50, Wmi F Giles 1, 1 L
Pettit l1, WSBelt 1, NMClendenin 1, D U Springer1, E Parvion
3, M Cownl1, Mary A Duff' 1 ICapt IH Purvance 1, MrsM McConkey
5c. unknown 4-2761 50. New \,,rk, Murray st ch in part, colkl,'cicn
126, R& W Stewart 50, Mrs Stewart 20, Wmin G Bull 20, D Clilds
10, George Ireland 10, E M Morgan 10, Isabella Donaldson 5, A
King 1-252, per l1ev Mr IBackus. Scoichtown, NY. legacy o Fer.-
dmiar.d Bailey, .per Samnel Millspangli, ex'r, per Rev .1 K Davis,
agt. 500: do bancee of 100 fiom the Presb eh. Rev Mr Baldwin,
pastor, per do 20; New York, ladies of Mr Krebs'ch 121-893.
N. B.-Of this Bui,, $626 were acknowledged in ilie report for
January, as from New York city, per Rev Mr Backus-itens not
published.
Total, $4,021 10. WMt. NASSAU, Sen. Tr.281 Markel.t street.

N EW-YORKWHOL-ESALE PRICES CURRFIN'
CORRECTED WEEKLY FOR THE NEW- YORK OBSKRVER.
ASHES. /lar, Rus. P. S. l..100 a 102 5o
Pot, firstsort...... 7 a oe. do. newdo.... a -
Pearl............. 10 a -- Do, Swedes...... 9; a 07 50
CANDLES. Do.Englishassort. 90 a -
Mould, tallow, lb.. 12 a 13 loop, Amer...... 6 25 a 7 -
Dipped do.... ...- a -1 Do. English....... 50 a 7 -
Sperm............ 33 a 35 LEATHER.
CLOVERSEED, lb. 9 a 10 Sole, oak, lb...... 19 a 24
COAL. D)o. hemlock......- 144a 19
Liverpool, chal.... 11 a 12 Do. damaged..... 12 a 142
Virginia........... 6 a 8 Dres'd upper, side 75 a 3 -
Anthracite, ton.... 8 a 10 Undress'd do..... L- a 2 25
COFFER. LUMaE,..
Cuba, lb......... 11 a 13 Boards, N. R.M. ft. 16 .a 17
.lava.............. 12ia 15 Do. Western pine.. 17 a 18 -
COTTON. Do. Albany, lice.. 15 a'- 16
New.Orleaus, lb... 17ja 21 Plank. Ga. pi.M. ft. 25 a 35 -
Upland............ 16 a 19, can:...irig pine.... 15 a 16
Alabama........... 17 a 20 Do. o;,k........... 20 a 25 -
rennessee........ a timbcr, oak, sq.ft. 20 a 2.5
DOMESTIC GooDS. -o. Ga. yel. pine.. 28 a 30
Shirtinogs, br'n' I.. 7-1-- 9 Ihingles, cyp'sM. 4 a 10
Sheeting, do. 4-4.. 10 a 121 staves, W.O.pi.M. 50 a 52 -I
Cotton yarn, 5 a 10 a 2- Lio. do. 1 lid. 41.... 41-- a 43 -
Do. do. 19a.- j3 a Jo. do. bbl....... 30 a 33 -
Satinett Warps.... a Jo. It. 0. hhd..... 30 a -
DaUGs AND DYES. leading, W. 0.... 54 a -
Aluin, lb.......... a 5 50 loops........... 25 a 30-
Cochumeal......... 1 90 a 1 95 MOLASSES.
Copperas......... a 2- 2 lavana, Matanzas 36 a 38
Gum Shellac...... 23 a 33 '4ew-Orleans...,. a --
Do. Copal, scraped 24 a 27 NAts-
D)o. Arabic........ 24 a 25 Jut, 3d, lb....... 8 a 9
Madder........... 8 a 12 )o. 2d............ 9 a -- -
Oilof Vitriol .. 4 25 a- )o.4d a 40d...... 7a--
Do. Castor, gallon. 1 75 a 2 Vrought......... 10 a 14
fai tarnc acid, lb... 12 a NAVAL STORES.
Verdigris.......... 19 a 20 'ar, bbl.......... 2 a 2 121
Vitriol, blue....... --- 8 8', itch.............. 1 75 a 2 --
DVwwooas. rosin............. 1 75 a 2 -
Brazilletto, ton.... 25 a 28 'urp. Wiliu'n soft -, a 5 -
Camwood......... t2 50 a 65 )o. N. C. soft.....- a 4 50
Fustic, Cuba...... 22 a 24 pits. of Turp. gal. 65 a 75
l)o. Tampico...... 15 a 17 OILS.
Logwood, Camnp'y. 251- a 27 )live, gallon...... 1 12ba 1 15
FEATHERS. seede, Aimer... 1 18 a -
live, Foreign, lb.. 10 a 2b Vniale............ 44 a 45 ,
ie. Aimetican..... 40 a 50 pernn, summer.. 90 a -
ltsn. lo. winter........ 95 a 1 -
ry Cod, ewt...... a 3 .0 PROVISIONS.
Pickled Cod, bbl.. 3 75 a 4 led, mess, bbl... 11 a 11 50
Do Salmon ........14 a 15 *o. prime........ 7 a 7 50
Smoked do. lb..... 14 a 15 o, cargo.........- a 5 ,0
vlackerel, No.l, bl. a 8 75 ,utter, N.Y. dairy 26 a 28
0o. No.,2......... a 7 7) ,o. shipping...... 19 a 20
Do No. 3........ 5 75 a -- )o. Phila. No. 1... -0 W a -
Shad, Conn. Mess. 10 a 10 75 logs'Laid....... 15 a ,- 16,
Herrings..........- a 3 75 'ork, miness, bbl... 21 a 22 -
Do. smoked, box.. 45 a 90 'o. prime........ 18 a 18 60
FLAx-Amer. lb. Sa 9 to. cargo........- a 15 50
FLAXSEED. cheese, Amer. lb. 8 a 10
Itougt, trc. 7 bush. 12 a 120-- aims ........... 12 a -- 14
FLOOR AND MEAL. It 06.
,. V. superfine, bl. 7 O0 a 7 62, AK lbs........... 3 25 a 3 87,
'roy...........- a 7ALT.
N eastern Canal.... 8 a S 812 nrks Island, bus. 35 a 37
Philadelphia....... 7 624 a 7 7, t. Ubes.......... 30 a -- 3
Do. llowardst.....- a 7 75 aiveipeol ground. a --
Iteinmond city mis a 8 ,o. blown. ..... -- a- --
ye Flour......- a b5 50 o. do. sack...... 1I 8 a 1 90
Indian Meal....... 4 ;5 a rSTEEL.
o. lihd .......... 22 a 23 .eruan, lb...... 10ha 121
GRAIN. .iiglsh........... 121a 135
Wheat, N.R. busht. a ieteti boxes.. 8 a 58
Do. Genesee...... a nerican ........- 5 a --
1o. Virginia....... a lark's blistered..- a -
io. N. Carolina... a SUGARS.
lye ....... I ...... a ew Orleans..... 11 a 1li
Corn, yellow, N.. 80 a 83 lavana, white.... 121a -- '4
Do. white, LI. &.1. 05 a --- o. brown....... 1 a -
Do. Southern.....- 74 a 78 Qo Muscovado... 11t a 12
!iarley .......... 75 a 7o .;razil, white..... Ila 12
rs.............. -50 -- o. brown........ lti 1
Peas,white dry, 7b. 7a 7 5' inip.............- 14 a 15
Do. black eyed, bu. 1 25 a 1 31 oaf............. 15 a 17
leans, pr.trc. 7b.. 1o a 17 TALLOW.
lsie. oreigi, lb ....... 9 a 10
; oer. dew rot.... 130 a140 imerican........ 94a 10
1 tIDES. TEAS.
.uenos Ayres and aperial, lb....... 55 a 1 10
RioGrand, lb.... 12ja -- 14 unpowder ..... 6 a 1 10
razil ........ 9 a 1 tysonI........... 62 a 87
r0. wet, salted.... (:Ja 7 oung lyson.....- 421 8
tronoco.........- 12 a lyson Skin....... -- a 40
'Vest Indies...... 9a 12 ouchong......... 24 a 40
i. Am. horse, poe. a tiea............ 18 a 22
Hops. TIN.
Firstsort, 1835, lb. 14 a 15 .oci, S. Am. lb.. 16 a 17
HoRNs-Ox, hun 5 a 20 o. East India.... IS a 20
IRON. I plates Z box 10 a -
pig, Eno. &Sco. ton 50 a 55 WOOL.
... a .l....- -- a 40 -- derino,Am.flc. .lb -60 a 65
Bar do ........... 7b i a 90 *otniiuon ........ a 3 -- 40
-'p.,t do. lb....... '4-a i Pulled, spinning.. 43 a 60g
Peru .............- -- a American hatters. a -- -

W ANTItD--in-a Boarding and Day School, Two Young Ladies,
of decided pi'.ty, well qualified to instruct in the elementary
branches of education, one oW whom will reside in the family as
assistant governess. A note, addressed to Mrs. M., through the
Post Office, will receive immediate attention. ml9 2t'


A YOUNG LADY, who has had about four years expwiiece in
teaching, and can give unexceptionable references, wishes to
engage in some respectable school either in the city or country.
She would have no objections to going west. Please address A. )D.
through the Post Office. All communications to be post paid.
ml9 It"
rTiHIS dlay published, by DANL. COOLEDGE, bookseller, 3;2 Pe(arl
Sstreet.-price 25 cenis Soie tUnvaroished Scraps in the Life,
Convincement, and Religious Experience of Thomnas WVatson, ialc
of Boston, NMas. And a Sermnon and Prayer, delivered at Auchi st.
Meeting, Phila. 1835. Bly Hannah C. Backhouse.
Andt also for sale. the American Peate Society's Tracts. ml9-3t*
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The lecture will be illustrated by 25'very lare and highly finished
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LITERARY AND THEOLOG(ICAL REVIEW, conducted by
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September, and December. Volume 3.
It is tie object of this work to promote enlightened views of the
doctrines and dtes of Christianity, and that religion of the heart
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It dei'igns to commend to notice the works of tihe venerable fathers
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This work, having these objects in view, was originally proposed
Sand recommntended by time following gentlemen, viz;
Archibald Alexanruier, Prof. Didactic and Polemic Theology, in
Theol. Sent. Princeton, N. J
Sarmuel Miller, Prof. Ecclesiastical History andChh. Gov. do.
Charles Hodge, Prof. Biblical Literature, dos.
s Ebenezer Porter, Ptesident of Tneol. Sem. Andover, Mass.
t leonard Woods, Prot. Christian 'Theology, 'to. 'do.
Jamies Richards, Prol. Theology ina the Theol. Seni. Auburn, N.Y.
Ezra Fiske, Prof. Ecclesiastical History andChurch Government,


a.r-









4 N" TEW YORK OBSERVER.
___ |,. __ ^ ^ "


POETRY.

From the Christian Witness.
ON THE IN'IENDED DEPARTURE OF THE REV. HORATIO SOUTHGATE
I ON A MISSION TO PERSIA.
Up, to the Persian hills!
The shades of midnight break-
And dawn, like holy dew, distils-
Up-for the Gospel's sake!
To Iran's ancient throne-
To Elam's blinded race-
The King of Righteousness make known,
The sceptre ot his grace.
Where o'er Caucasus' breast
The flower-hreathed fragrance flows,
Draw from thy scrip the germ divine
Of Sharon's deathless Rose.
While the sweet bulbul makes
Night listen to her strains,
Strike thou the harp that charm'd the band
Who watchli'd on Bethlehem's plains.
Where winds careering high
Old Ormus' billows curl,
Spread to the wondering diver's eye
Salvation's priceless pearl.
Kneel on the mountain's brow,
Where sainted Martyn trod,
And bid the Sophi's wisdom bow
Unto the CHRIST of GOD.
We weep not as we part--
Faijh spreads the prosperous sail,
An augel-blessing nerves thy heart,
Favored of heaven-all hail! L. H. S.
EVENING TIMIE.-vY j. MONTGOMERY, ESQ.
It shall come to pass that at evening time it shall be light.
ZSOR. xiv, 7.
At evening time let there be light
Life's little day draws near its close;
Around me fall the shades of niaht,
The night of death the grave's repose:
To crown my joys, to end my woes,
At evening timLe let there be light.
At evening time let there be light:
Stormy and dark hath been my day;
Yet rose the morn divinely bright,
Dews, birds, and blossoms cheered the way
O for one sweet, one parting ray !
At evening time let there be light.
At evening time there shall be light;
For God hath spoken; it must he :
Fear, doubt, and anguish take their flight,
His glory now is risen on me;
Mine eyes shall his salvation see:
-'Tis evening time, and there is light!


MISCELLANEOUS.

For the New-York Observer.
DR. HUMPHREY'S TOUR.-NO. VII.
The Thames Tunnel.
You will recollect, Messrs. Editors, that this great.
work was commenced several years ago, about two
miles and a half below London bridge. Front various
causes it has advanced slowly and irregularly, and is
not yet more than half completed. Once or twice
the river has broken in, to tlhe great discouragement
of the company, and even threatening to put a final
si.op to the enterprise. But,'by great labor and ex-
pense, the breaches were stopped, and the water
pumped out. It is agreed on all hands, I believe, that
if the tunnel could be finished, and secured against
the irruptions of the superincumnbent waters, it would
be a great public accommod lion, as then a vigationof'
the Thames will not permit the erection of any
bridge, in that part of the city; and the river is so
constantly filled and almost choaked up, with all
kinds of water craft, that to keep anything like a con-
venient ferry open, is quite impossible. But when
the enterprise was first undertaken it was regarded
by many as visionary and impracticable; and the
hopes of the most sanguine were near annihilated
by the first cataract which drove out the terrified
workmen, and in a few ,moments filled up the vast
excavation. The undertaking has proved much more
costly than was anticipated, and for a very consider-
able time the work was entirely suspended for want
of funds. But at the last session of Parliament a
hand ome grant was made for the prosecution of it,
and when I wvvis there, int the month of May, the long
arches again resounded with the heavy blows and
busy lum of the workmen.
You can see the tunnel, as you can every thing
else, in England, whether finished, unfinished, or in
ruins, by paying your shilling, more or less, at the
gate, and buying a guide book at twice its value;
though the latter condition is not quite imperative.
A shaft is sunk to the depth of fifty or sixty feet, on
the south bank of the river, over which a temrnorary
tmirding .na-s-been erected, and you descend into the
tunnel by a winding staircase. Before it can be
opened it must, of course, be carried out a great deal
further from the river, to get a convenient slope for
heavy transportation. At the bottom of the stairs,
the horizontal excavation, under the bed of the river,
commences. It is ten or twelve feet in height, and
wide enough for two carriage ways, with a row of
strong pillars, and arches, extending flirom pillar to
pillar, between them. The sides and transverse
arches, as you stand at the entrance, and by the help
of lamps look down these subterranean galleries, are
built of the most substantial masonry, and have every
appearance oa being perfectly secure, as far as they
are finished\ which is about six hundred feet, nearly
or quite to the middle of the river Some even now
doubt, whether ;this tunnel will ever be finished ; but
[ can see no insuperable difficulty in the way. As I
have elsewhere remarked, (I believe,) our English
kinsfolk are commonly much less in a hurry than we
are ; but they possess the virtue of perseverance in
an eminent degree ; and I have little doubt that some
halt dozen years hence they will be passing under
the bed of their largest river with as much compo-
sure and safety as they now pass over London bridge.


Whenever that day arrives, the tunnel will be an
immense thoroughfare for the lower part of the me-
tropolis.
Greenwich Hospital.
A day or two after the meeting of the British and
Foreign Temperance Society, 1 received a very po-
lite note from Admiral Brenton, Lieut. Governor of
the Hospital, whomn I had met in Exeter Hall on ;hat
occasion, inviting me to come down and visit the in-
stitution, and take a family dinner with him and his
lady, whenever it might best suit my convenience.
I accepted the invitation, and was very cordially re-
ceived. Admiral Brenton is an American by birth,
a native of Rhode Island and though he left the
country fifty years ago or more, when he was quite a
boy, he cherishes the kindest fIeelings towards the
United States, and expresses almost as lively an in-
terest in our welfare as one of us could do. He is a
warm friend and patron ot the benevolent societies ''
the day, particularly of those which have been esta-
blished for the benefit of sailors ; and of the British
and Foreign Temperance Society, at the anniversary
of which he presided, after the bishop of London left
the chair. He entered freely'into religious conver-
sation, particularly with regard to the spiritual wel-
fare of the pensioners, under his immediate superin-
tendence, and seemed to be a truly pious man.
Greenwich Hospital is indeed a princely establish.
ment, and is, more than any other public institution,
the priie of the British nation. It is exclusively for
seamen who have worn out their lives or been (disa-
bled in the public service; arid it is to this palace,
(for a palace it literally is, having been originally
built and intended for the residence of the royal fami-
ly,) that British sailors look from the. main-top-mast
and forecastle of every national ship, as the earthly
paradise it which they hope to spend the evening of
their days, safe, alike, from the raging of the storm
and the battle. This hospital is finely situated, just
on the south bank of the Thames, only four miles be-
low London, and commands a charming view of the
country on the opposite side. Directly in the rear is


in hand, fight their other battles o'er again." I was I
glad to find that their religious wants are not over-
looked by the government. They have a very spa-
cious and magnificent chapel, though, from what I
could learn. I fear the present incumbent doesbut lit-
tle to bring then to the foot of the cross. 0 how
important is it that these gallant defenders of their
country's flag, whose home, during the greater part
of their lives has been on the deep, should now be
skilfully piloted into the haven of eternal rest! It is
a natural reflection, that whatever,is done fbr them
must be done quickly, especially when told, as I was,
that the average number of' deaths is about seven a
week or one a day.
Munificent as the government is in providing for
these dismembered and aged invalids, antd giving
them a palace and almost a paradise to live and die
in, it is very affecting to stand in the midst of them
at their meals, and to see then hobbling along the
walks, or sitting helples in their roots, one having
lost an arm, another a leg, -,nother an eye, and some
both legs or both arms, in the murderous battles
which cleft down so many of their companions. Itn
Greenwich Hospital you see the brightest side of war,
which human ingenuity and benevolence can present.
But even here, how afflictive and how sickening does
it appear. What if these men are now fed and
clothed by a grateful country? What if they are
made as comfortable as such invalids can be made?
Still, how much have they suffered in every sea, and
upon every shore. How much do they now suffer.
How much of their blood has the demon of war drank
l'rotn their ghastly wounds and their amputated
limbs! 0 war, war! What a scourge-what a
curse--what a picture of human depravity.
I do not undertake to say, that the blood of all the
wars in which these poor men were so mangled and
tortured, is found in their country's skirts. Possibly
some of those wars were forced upon her ; although,
even this, may be more than she can ever prove.
One thing, however, is as well settled in my own
mind as the first commandment. Every war, in
which these prisoners have worn out their lives, and
poured out their blood, was wicked, enormously
wtricked, on one side, or the other, or both. While,
therefore, we give thanks to God, that such institu-
tions as this exist, let us not overlook the crimsorn
guilt, that renders them necessary, nor cease to pray,
that the reign of universal peace, may soon appro-
priate them to other purposes
Connected within Greenwich Hospital, are two very
large charity schools, for the children of deceased
and disabled seamen. The boys' school, contains
eight hundred, and the girls' schoolfouur hundred.
They enter at ten years of age, I think,and leave at
fourteen. Admiral B. assured me, that both these
schools are under the care of excellent teachers; and
that the children get an excellent common education.
I saw the boys at dinner, and on the play ground;
and happier, or finer looking lads, 1 do not remember
to have seen anywhere. When the boys leave, the
greater part of them are apprenticed on board public
and private ships, and thus prepared for future ser-
vice. The hulk of' a very large ntian of war, lies in
the river, where a sort of naval school is kept, for
training them, bel'ore they go to sea. The girls re-
turn to their widowed mothers, if still living, or are
put out to service, when their allotted term of educa-
tion expires. This, upon the whole, is an admirable
arrangement, and reflects great honor upon the wis-
dom, as well as justice and benevolence of the gov-
ernment. Britain will never want gallant seamen,
while she provides thus munificently for them, when
they are disabled, and for their children after they
are dead.
The Chapel of Greenwich Hospital, contains some
very fine scriptural paintin-s, and there is a superb
gallery, where you may spend an hour with great
interest, in examining the port raits of the most dis-
tinguished naval commanders, and looking at some
admirable views of storms and battles, by eminent
masters of the pencil.
Greenwich Observatory.
This ancient and celebrated 'Light House of the
skies,' stands on a commanding eminence, in Green-
wich Park, so as to be seen from a great distance, in
alnimost every direction. The building itself, is neith-
er very large, nor very high. The stand, or basis
for the telescopes and transit instruments is of solid
stone work, mink dee in the ground, annd rtisAo"e t
littleab-ove the surface, so as to be as steady as the
hill itself. In that part of the Observatory, there is
no floor over head, and there are slides or sky lights
in tlte roof which can be removed and replaced at
pleasure. Two of the telescopes, which I said are
of great length, about twenty five feet, (if I remember
right,) and all the instruments are as perfect, as
British science and skill can make them. An able,
and accurate astronomer, appointed by the govern-
ment, and receiving a handsome salary, resides here,
constantly, to make all the necessary observations,
by day and by night, and to keep a perfect record of
the celestial phenomena, as they come under his no-
tice. Mr. Taylor who filled the office when I was
there, but has, I believe, since retired, very politely
pointed out whatever he thought would be interest-
ing to me, in the several apartments, and among the
rest, large alcoves of printed tables, which must have
cost a vast deal of time and patient labor. A sort of
telegraphic pole shoots up far above the roof of the
Observatory, to which is attached a large black ball.
This ball falls at one o'clock, precisely, so that all
who can see it and wish to be perfectly accurate, iiay
regulate their time-pieces accordingly. France has
her Royal Observatory, and other European nation


have theirs; but there is rio one in the world, from
which Longitude is reckoned, especially in naviga-
tion, a tenth part so much, as from Greenwich. Of
course she ckaimns the proud pre-eminence, of stand-
ing exactly in the centre of the world.
Chelsea Hospital.
This Hospital stands on the north bank of the
Thanmes, about as far above London, as Greenwich
is below; and is intended to be that in all respects
for the army, which Greenwich is fbr the navy. The
buildings arid grounds are very inferior, and the num-
ber of pensioners, I believe, is not so large, here as
there. Superannuated and decrepid soldiers, how-
ever, are as well taken care of in one, as sailors, in
the same condition, are in the other; while in this,
as well as that, the halt, the maimed and the blind,'
present to the eye of the christian philanthropist, an
affecting picture, though one of the least shocking,
of the miseries of war. Yours &c.

For the New-York Observer.
THE WAR WITH THE FLORIDA INDIANS.
Messrs, Editors-As I happen tobe a fellow lodger
with a gentletnan front Florida, who is deeply inte-
rested in the present war, with property there that
has been ravaged, andti a white man, clerk in his
store, having been butchered, I have taken an inte-
rest to obtain trom him information as to the causes
of this contest. He left that country just before the
war broke out-has been long and well acquainted
with the Indians-and he would have confided -in
them for almost any thing. He was surprised, on
arriving at New York, to hear ofthe war, and had
come on with a view of returning immediately, but
is now obliged to leave his plantations and business
in Florida, till peace shliall be made.
The substance of his story ori the point of miy pre-
sent inquiry is as follows:-Thle Indians would not
entertain time proposals of thIe agents of the Govern-
mient to sell out in Floritda and move west, when they
were first addressed on the subject; but almost uni-
versally opposed them. At last, however, through
much importunity, anti being worried into it, they
consented, that a corps of the younger chiefs should
accompany the Governiment agent (Major O'Flagan,
I think, was his namee) into the country beyond the
Mississippi; and report t he result of their impressions


belonging to the Indians, for which they were to re-
ceive credit hrjm Government. One of the chiefs,
favorable to removal, persuaded the people of his
village to consent to their assessment, and they
brought in their cattle for this purpose. The Indians
generally took the alarm, judging from this appear-
ance, that they were to be forced away. They as-
sembled and remonstrated with this chief and his
people, and drove away their cattle into the woods.
But on a succeeding day, the cattle were brought in
again. The Indians mustered again to oppose, and,
at a given signal, some of them shot the offending
chief dead ;-and here was the beginning ofthe war.
It appears, then, if this statement be correct-and
I have reason to suppose it is in substance, from lhe
character and qualifications oft my infot mant-that
no treaty of binding force was ever made by these
indians to remove ;-none, that any honest man would
p)rcsume to call by such a name. No people ever
had a better title to their country than these Indians
-the country of their fathers' sepulchres-a tille,
which they have never alienated by any act of their
owin. There can be no question, that they have a
right to defend it.
It is morally impossible, that the Florida Indiatns
couhtld have hazardetdthis war without ilhe deepest
sense of injury. What manI ol us would not figltt
and (ie for tie land and the graves of his fathers,
,vhen he felt and believed that an attempt was made
to eject him violently ? Such, nio doubt, is the belief
and feeling of these Indians; and althoughI, in the
present circumstances of the case, there is no alter-
native but to reduce them by force, the occasions
that have provoked them should not be forgotten. It
would be an everlasting slain upon our character, if
we should pursue them with that spirit of externi
nation, which actuates their bosoms. And yet I fear,
fronm tlhe exasperation which their barbarilties have
already produced, that there is danger of it.
Alter what has take place, I do not supposee it
possible or them to be left east of' tlhe Missisihipi.
But leti them be treated with all possible lenity.
They belong to a poor, suffering, expirinig race. It
will soon be said hy thie last of then, as formnerly by
one of Iheir tamred chiefs-'" VVho is there to mourn
forLogan? Not one." C. C.
AGRARIANISM.
The facts stated in the following article from the
U. S. Gazette, will probably ressent. lo titost of our
readers matter fobr painful astonishment. They are
the fruits of the infitdel principles which have been
propagated with no little zeal through many parts of
our country, and especially our large cities. The
only counteracting influence which can prove ade-
quate io the energeicy is that of Christianity, and
inuch need is there of active and titncly cxertiou for
its diffusion in our borders. The measures recoii-
imended below as subsidiary means may and ought
to be adopted.-Epis. Rlec.
"A stitch in time saves nine."
This is a motto of an old printer, rnd is applicable
to a great many subjects.
There is an attempt-secret, silent, artful attempt,
now in progress in this country, to undermine aind
destroy public confidence andI sec'trity-lo impair, if
not to counteract, the powers ol'governmemnlt. antul aw
-to triake every man, legislator, judge and juror for
himself-and in one word, to reduce our free and
happy community to a state ofan:.,rchy arid insubor-
dination-such as would make the worst despotism a
most desirable relief.
The boldest and most notorious propagator of the
principle to which I allude, was Fanny 1lrizht. She
was silenced by the voice ofan insulted and indignant
community ; but she poisoned the nind of many a
young tian who was seduced by curiosity or other-
wise to listen to her senseless and yet mischievous
aeclamrations.
Her friends and followers are busy in the circula-
tion of handbills-in the ge ttit, up of associations
and combinations of' various kinds-and in leading
the minds of the discontented and ambitious, and en-
vious, among us to think that they are oppressed,
that wealth, though aW(uired by years of honest in-
dustry, is not the righll tlpossession of himt who has
it, but ought to be divided, and that prices of' labor
ought to be regulated, nrot by the ordinary principles
of political economy, but by physical or numneric-u
strength.
I will show you what I mean. A little handbill has
been circulated in our city lately, Irom which I extract
the following sentence :-
MONOPOLY.
Monopoly is but another name for selfishness, or self-ser-
ving, und proceeds irom depravity. It is dangerous to liberty,
opposed to ncqualty oqf rights, and to lihe true happiness of
mankind ; who are all created equal and equally endowed
by their Creator with unalienable rights.
"All enactments made binding amongst men, which iin-
part to some exclusive privileges over others, tend to make
Ithe pursuit of happiness unequal; and hence, infringe ati unn-
alienable right, the equal pursuit of happiness : whether such
enactments assume the lorm and title of Charters, Deeds, or
any other form and little, whatsoever. An individual holding
an exclusive right to property, under the ferm and title f
what called DEEDS, becomes, in fact, as much a monopolist as
any association holding an exclusive right to property tp the
same amount under the form and title of what is called a
charter; should that association be even called a United
States Bank.
'All monopolies are dangerous to liberty, amn every exclu-
I.-- 1^^ i <..dU.. -m1 tTT n-TV
title or orn it is 'lotie) has couched in itself the principle of
monopoly, is oppr.-"'vp ncd uijust, and that which is unjust
in principle, LAW caatso ,n ii't just."
Now Mr. Editor, I ask my fellow cit izerls to look
at the tendency o' suck a handbill, warily circulated
among the journeymen and apprentices of this cotn-
munity. It is dropped in a carpenter's shop, a print-
tig office, a manuhactory,-it falls into the hands of
the unthinking and unprincipled. Its tendency is to
show that if my neighbor has more motley than I
have, I have a right to an equal share of the surplus
-if lie lives in a setter house lhan I do, he tramples
Uphon my rights--that though lie has paid hot- the
land on which it stands, and has the bargain in writ-
ing and under seal, and though he has honestly paid
the brickmaker, and the bricklayer, and the plaster-
er, and the carpenter, and the joiner, and all tlte
other laborers, their lull price Ior the work and mate-
rials-while 1 myself have been reading newspapers,
electioneering, and attending political meetings--
still this neighbor of muiine has no more rig'hmt to his
hIouse and land than 1 have. His deed is a mere in-
strumnent ot nsonopoly and oppression, that should be
torn in fi'agments and scattered to the wiinds ;-our
public offices for their recording and preservation,
are' bult monuments ofaristocracy': and the laws and
bolts that protect them, are rut so many barriers to
the triumph of popular liberty 1 These are the doc-
trines which are sent abroad in our streets and lanes,


outr shops and factories ; anhd is it sale to sit still and
see the evil?
I propose to suggest a remedy for lthe evil. I pro-
pose a stitch," which if taken now may save the
taking of nine a twelve month hence. My proposi-
tion is, that a series of short popular pamphlets or
handbills, on this subject, should be prepared at
once, showing in the simplest nianner' possible, the
tallacy and tiadness of these views, and the disastrous
evils they would bring on every class of society, if'
they prevailed; and 'especially on 11te very classes
who are most likely to be deceived by /tern. Such a
work is inot beneath thie learning and talents of Bin-
ney, Sergeant, or Ingersoll. If they can be instru-
mental in saving a single young nman, from the ruin-
ous influence of such doctrines, they nmay do more for
their country than they have ever done yet, or can
do in any other hbrm ; bfor we are to remember thal a
single young man of talents, Qf spirit and daring anim-
bition, might be reduced by such a system of' false
philosophy ; aind in the issue might desolate the fair-
est country upon the globe.
Another suggestion is, that the Apprentice's Li-
brary CGmpany, the Philadelphia Institute, and
othlier uselul associations, which are or might be form-
ed, should procure plain and simple lectures or ad-
dresses, to be delivered on this subject, to the young
men connected with their institutions, showing lor
example what principles are essential to the very
existence of society ; how laws operate for the pro-
tection and welfare of' all; what uniform principles
regulate the intercourse of.different classes of' society,
anrd how those classes tare forined, and whiLt the ne-
ce-sity of their existence; what is the object of' a
constitutional fbrm of _government; how laws are
formed, and why they should be respected: what
regulates the prices ol labor, provisions, &c. I need
not fellow out the range of topics which would be
treated in such a course; nor need I attempt to prove
that if treated skilfully, the discussion would add
much to the knowledge, security ann contentment cf
those who should attend.
I can assure you, that in an institution in this city,
with which I have some connexion, a few simple prin-
cipl'.s and illustrations, casually thrvlwn out, have
taken surprising hold of the minds of young men,
and will, I am'confident, be remembered by them as
long as they lice.
And for a third suggestion, I would propose that
our common school books should contain much more
than the best of them do, on the subject of the duty
and interest of American citizens. I see no reason
why the provisions ot our general a'.d state govern-
imeits, shliould not be explained and illustrated in our
school books. Multitudes of our youth never know


things.' For what is true politeness but that atten-
tion to the wishe-s and happiness of others which is
the natural result of benevolence? Ac.cordirly, I
did not so much labor to direct my children's ou.ward
behavior, as to cultivate in them a spirit ofkincness ;
being sure that it'fi succeeded in the latter, the hfrmer
would follow ol'itself. I endeavored to makethemn
regard it as an object of primary importance tc pro-
mote the happiness of others, and I repeated tothem
the comaimon but true observation, that the happiness
of social intercourse is more promoted by constant
trifling attentions, looks and words of' kindness,than
by occasional great, eltbrts and sacrifices. In hort,
if I have succeeded, it 'as been on the principles of
our Savior's rule, applied to little things: Vhat-
soever ye would that mien should do to you, wo yc
even so to them.' "'-I-Religious lMagazine.

EDUCATION OF FEMALES.
The last number of the Boston Medical and Sirgi-
cal Journal contains an excellent article on the plysi-
cal and moral evils of the present system of tfeniale
education in tlhe United States. The fobllowingex-
trtact we would particularly recotmmtend to the atten-
tion of lpareints. iTliat thcru are great errors iathe
present mode of educalirtil' feniIles, we believe hat
no reflecting person who considers the subject, will
bfor a moment doubt.
"It wis a remark made by Spurzhteim, that ii no
country which lie had visited, had hlie seen the ivo-
nlen look so pale, lantiguid anid feeble, as in lhis,-ind
lie attributed it i. to the small amount OlOf exercise
which they had. When lie nmade this remark, here-
ferred particularly to those who resided in the cies
oh Boston and New-York. He hald at this time but
little opportunity to extend his observation into the
interior. I think we can all attest to the truth of .he
observation. I heard an eieninen. physician say in lle
of' his lectures a hew years since, ihatl thei i'nhhi-
lants of Boston rwoUld8 soo6n become m mentally J(tid
physically an imbecile race, unless thle young nen
se'lcted their wives front Ihlie country, fJr, so laras
ils obst'rvatlion extended hree-bfourt hs of the young
ladies in thie higher circles of' society had curvature
of the spine, or some other chronic disease, which
would make them invalids for life. No one wojild
doubt that the doctor has had an abundant field for
observation, or would be inclined to question lis
veracity, were his ll-Mne announced.
I think the observation of every man will convince
him that there is something radic: lvly wrong in the
ipres'nt system of education among yotung ladies
Their physical condition does not receive Irom pa
rents or teachers, ihat consideration which it de.
serves. It is in early life while they are under ltht
watchful eye of' then- parents and teachers that iti
seeds of those diseases are sown, which are to mak(
them ever after niiserable. It is while young tha.
their constitutions are invigorated and strengthened,
or weakened anid destroyed. What is the course
pursued by many parents in this city, in educating
their daughters ? Th:y are sent to school wheel
they are three or four years old, confined there fcr
hours together in one position, and when they are
released lor t-Ie day, instead of'being allowed to play
like the bo) s, they n tsut reIlur.-i home anid he confined
to a wvar minIursery till the time again arrives fur
them to go to school. This is the course for a l'eiv
years, attnd during this period they have very little
time bfor relaxation. By and by their fobrms begin to
develope-they are getting to be young ladies, thit
is, nine or ten years of age ;-lhmeir mothers begin o
think of their future appearance in the world ; their
forms must receive some attention, their skins must
receive somnie attention, their skins must be kept hiir,
and they MIust learn a little French, Latin, Muskic,
Astronomy, Natural Philosophy, Natural History,
and a variety of other important sciences--and all Ai
once-for at fourteen or tifteen they must finish their
education and be brought out.
Accordingly tneir bodies are encased in whalebone,
their aces atire veiled if' they, venture into the open
air, and liheir lieats crowded witfi such a variety oi
si:udies ihiat it. is iuiiposible for then to understand
any of them. I do niot think this an over-drawn pic-
ture. At any rale it is drawii frotn facts which, it
not very common, have come tiunder my own obser-
vation. If such a course as this does not destroy
both the physical and menttal powers of all who cone
under its discipline, it is because they are both origi
nally strong. It must relax and weaken the most
robust body and vigorous intellect. My opinion is,
that no man or woman can have a calIl- and powerful
ititellect, capable of effecting great hiliigs, who has
not a sound body. In tact I will go farthiher, and siay
that I do not believe that a man or wonsan is capable
of conducting the ordinary concerns of lite, or o.
managing ;t lfitmily, who has niot a s(tiund body.
WIilt are the physical eltfects produced by a want
of exercise in the open air-by long confinement to a
school-roomi-by ill-ventilated sleeping rooms, tigh
lacing, and over mental excitement? They are a
morbid growth of the body, a narrow contracted
chest, flaccid muscles, curvature of the spine, indiges
lion, a torpid state of 'tie intestines, nervous irrita-
bility, and the cdevelopmnent, of tubercles. Any one
of these difficulties is enough to excite thie imagine
kimn, sour the temper, vitiate the taste, distort thi
judgment, and destroy the happiness of the natural)
best child in existence.
PRIDE.
"I am not going to meeting in tis e conterenci
room," says gay and worhlly and proud lady
"' every body crowds thtre, andt [ do not wish to oc
cupy hlue sa:ne seat withl servant I ,girls."
1 will not live in Mr. B.'s andmily," says a poot
girl. ''If I am not good enough to sit at the same
table with the rest of the famiiily, 1 am not fit to be ir
the same house."
The rich lady smiles at the pride of the poor girl
and the poor girl is enratsed at the prirle of the rich
lady. They are both equally i.dulginig that hatefu
vice, and equally inctrrihg thle displeasure of Godt
This is a world of varied ranks. Sonie by intellect-
ual superiority or accidental circumnstances are raised
above the gre-al mass of' their fellow men. There
are constituted by God, hi, lhir and lower orders o:
society, rich and poor, learned altd unlearned. We
can all look upon those who are elevated above us
and upon those who are depiessed below us, and
each individual, in whatever state, lie is placed, musl
be content--must ret-sonnce all feelingtfs o' superioritv
towards those who are phlced below him, and all
tfeiings of envy towards those who are placed above
him.
Iseligion is not the leveller of ranks, but it is the
leveller of pride. It froiwins with unmitigated severi-
ty upon every high look and haughty imagination.
Look at tlhe Savioi-the Creator of the world-before
whom every angel veils his tace, and with whose
high praises all Heavetn resoutnds. Behold him


takingI his frugal'repast, upon the shores of the lake,
with poor aind rougl and uniedutcated fishermen, aas
his companions. Folitw his footsteps to the most
humble abodes of poverty. He goes personally to
cuinv'rse wit, the very humblest of our fellow men.
Did lie fdel his dignity lowered by this? We must
have theo spirit of Christ, or we are none ofihis. We
most reinouic.e the proud spirit of the world, and
feel thitat we are poor and lost and undone sinners:
we tinnust feel that tIhere is no contamination in asso-
ciating with any who will be invited to the marriage
supper ft lie Lamb.
Bu3t pride in the heart of the poor man is just as
odious, in the sight of' God, as pride in tthlie heart of
"nobles and kings. if'1 am discontented with the sta-
tion which Gfod has allotted me, and am jealous anc
mortified, because I eanmot move in scenes to which,
those are introduced whom God has elevated above
me in worldly rank, I ant decisively violating' the
spirit of the gospel, I am as iniquitously cultivating
pride of seart, as is the haughtiest aristocrat, who
fears pollution fromrn breathing the same air, or meet-
ing in the same room with his more humble neigh-
bors. It is my duty to learn, in whatever state I am,
therewith to be content. It is not lor me to be reach-
ing forth for honors, which God has withheld ; to be
endeavoring to press my way into society, for which
I am incapacitated by my fortune or my education.
Very niany who are crying outt against the pride of
those who are elevated above ilhem, narc ty these
very accusations manitestiig that the spirit of pride
is- rank anid tunsuibduted in their own hearts.


t
it
t
a
Ll


_ __iC


Total ................................. :?53 870
In reference to the danger to which the country is exposed
from these Indians the Secretary says :
It may be safely estimated t'.att this amount of Indian
population can furnish 15,OlbO warriors, who may be consider-
ed so nearly in contact wan our settlements, as to render
them at all times dangerous neighbors, unless kept in cheek
by a proper disposition of our military force ; and it is proba-
ble that double that number could be supplied, it any circurm-
,stances should occasion a general war in that region, in which
the Indians could be brought to unite. Such a result, how-
ever, is altogether improbable, as many of these tribes are
hereditary enenies, and are in a constant state of hostilities
with one another. And,fromn the dispersed condition of the I'.-
dians, as well as from their habits and the nature of their in-
stitutions, a general coalition is not to be anticipated. Nor,
wi~crT-~~-u, vtHHU-twreK rorce tse' collect T~aan Dro ught
to act together. Still, however, it is obvious that even inow
there is upon our western Irontier a large force, which has
been augment( d, and is yet augmenting, by the action of tie
government, and upon whose peaceable or friendly disp,)st-
tuon no reliance can be placed. And the scenes which are
now going on in Florida, and those which have frequently
taken place elsewhere, show that the Indians are totally igno-
rant of their own relative strength arid that of the United
Slates, or that, in a moment of impulse, tiney are totally in-
diffvnrn.nt to it. A just regard to the tranquillity of an import-
ant section of the Union requires that measures should be
permarrently adopted for preventing a renewal of those pre-
datory incursions which have occasioned so much loss o1 life
and property.
To secure this object, and to garrison the fortifications of
the seaboard with a more adequate force, the Secretary re-
comnmends that the army of the U. States be increased front
about 6,000, its present number, to 10,OCO men.
I Theli. number of Cherokees has been stated, in other commu-
nications made the pliesent session, at 8,000; the above number is
taienl fiom a census reetetly received.
LONGEVITY iN NEW ENOLAND.-Of fifty-seven, out of some-
thing more than one hundred of ihe first ministers in New
Er.gland, the agus may be learned, and of many others it is
known, that they died either in mature or advanced life.
The sum of the ages of the fifty-seven names is 3,990. 'The
average age of the first ministers of New England is, there
fore, 3,990-57 or 70 years. The average age of the govern-
'ors of the New England colonies, of the first generation,
whose principles of iaith were equally marked, is 70 years.

Mr. Rae Wilson adduces as a proof of the length of time
during which the vital principle oh vegetables may be preserv-
ed, the fact that a bulbous root found in the hand of an Egyp-
tian mummy, where it had been 2,000 years, germinated, and
when put in the ground grew vigorously.-Record.

S UBSCKIPTlONS TO TIlE NE\V YORK OISfERVEI received
byl Robt. Grualfen, at, Mr. John C. Pitckens', 13 Southi ouiirth st.
Phiiadelphia. febv1;.6Li
A ASSEMBLY'S CATECHISM.-EZRA caOLLIBR, 148 Nassau street,
New York, publishes irom new stereotype pltes ond on thickt
paper, a teat 3iumo. edntion t thie Assemtbly's Shorter Cateciisim.
With view to facilitate its general introduction, the publisher will
firnistih any quantity ordered, for cash enclosed by inail, at 82 per
hundred ; anil where 5t0 or more arc taken at once, they will be put
uip at thle rate ol 600( copies for $10 cash, unclosed in a single bank
note, may be at the expense and risk of the publisher. Also,
Brown's s-hort Catechism Jor very young children, in the same style
and at the saue price. Books ordered will be shipped according to
dJirecinois, to axiy port desired. m1l2

O TRUSTEBHS OF SCIHOOLS.-A graduate of Union College,
who has been engaged in teaching tre last two years, and-who
intends to make .it his pei moment occupation, wishes a situaliuet as
instz victor a or betbre the fitst of Mlay n xtt. Tlie most sa.tislattory
evidence of his ability to teach, and of his former success in teach-
ing, can be givetin. Shouhtal such ai instructor be wanted in any
a,,IU i hit l .... 4 a1.y, or in any ilv t ll r elaGl ait 1, Si, rqlC Lito ta


IuL, ll lu int un ,culletu., or IIIally' t ll j t.a. l 11 t1 I S 11. la uetSgLoUu t toe .o.
blisit. a permanent s hool, a cotunmtunication, stating le.tims, oc. ad-
dr-rased to N. T. J. S., West atockbridge village, Berkshire county,
Yaftss., would in-er with illilmediate attention. inil2 2t"
iIU.EENFILD mit IIIc .t(jotlti, .Fitu. OJOUNG LADIE.S.-lTie
Af sliUmtmet terin will commience oin thIe first Wednesday [Lttt] of
May, to continue 22 weeks. A native Frencih lady has charge ol tbe
del artimeuts of Fitenclt and l)rawvug. Trie Latin and thle Greek
laInAuaes. tind the lhi,,her Einglish branclies, are taught cutirely by


I heu\Pri-ncipal. Farther particularsw may be learned ftom the Out,-
HOW TO GET RID.OF AN UNPLEASANT COMPANION.--I lm4.I of the course em education pursued," which will be forwarded
As a temperance party were travelling lately in a t the address oh y ally Ihtdanit. HENRY JONES, Principas.
stage, a passenger was takeoi up on the road, when Greenield, Mass. 5th March, 1836. tl'2-6t
immediately the stage was filled with alcoholic vapors riiE summer termofthe Amherst, Mass FEMALE SCHOOL will
thrown off fi-omn the lungs of their new companion. j, commence on thie first Wednesday in May next, and coinuile,
This, of course, proved a serious interruption to Ihe ; v;ithout vacation, until the fourth Wednesday of August. In audi.
enjoymnent oft the party. At length one O t the gentle- 1,o to the breliches usually taught in such schools, instruction is
ieti cried ot1 t "' Mr. Driver, where lAid you purt that ,given in Fiernth and Latin. It is conducted essentially oni the plan
jgfl"lIvgtoj fu "rli etim of the Ipswicti Female Semitnary, and is under tthe ccaieof Mrs.
jug of rum I've got no jug of rucn," relied the Washburn, wilh the assistauice of Miss Webb and Miss Joy.
driver. But you have ; do you think ( can't smell? Per order of the Coin. EtoOCHI FLAGG, Sec'ry.
And it must be that either the iug is broke, or the Amherst, Mlarch 5, 183S. m,12-4t
stopple is out." The usan who hai o'casioted thIe
troule sou l don th-win ow, can situned hise OBEaT PtHILIP'S5 NEW WOtZK--Now In, f.-i i.- ,.,i i)ubica
trouble coons letd t isthe window, ano. urted uis lRLI uom by 1D A.PPTra'ON Co 200 Broadway, I ih, L i,, boset
tace towards the tresh air. Does it make you sick Library, vol. 2d. riie first volume, coulaiiiingTime Marys, or tihe
to ride in the stage ?" asked one otf the com pan)y. Beauty of Fetnale Holiness, by Robert Philip, ,f oMaberly Chapel,
Yes," he replied, and always when I can, I keep authorr ol Phlilip's Guides,) has recently been published lby D A. &
m head our of the windo At the next sopin Co. ; and the succeetinmg volumes-being, T'ie Maithas',, or the
my head out of the window" At the next SOP Varieties of Female Pievty; anid 'iThe Ilannahs', or the Powers of
place, he took his seat outside.-Temp. Herald. Maternal Inflltteee-are now ia progress, and will speedily be pub-


ItDN CARE.


fis. li edv.,Ii'Oc litA ii517 i ti n~ i 12itl


SitN I'LABA n' l t iIA lM k.-4' Illlrs ill-,iotilOi is SittiiL atd
ilvf in Ithe village of :Sing :Sitig, in a plesant and retired stpi-t,
commanding an cAl2tensie view of the lnudson, from the Highlands
nearly to New York. The academy lot contains nearly four aci, es,
most of winch is I. ,i.i,.ii shaded with large fruit trees, ail is
appropriated aslhe pleasure ground, I thie lslnOents.
The academy oaulnce lhas been recently erccte'!; of marble, 60 by
80 leet, iltiree stories hi,h, expressly lor tl(he institution; tlhe rooms
and hails are spacious aa,. airy, ard every way well calculated for
a boarding school.
This place is about 33i miles from New York, to which place two
steam boats run daily, giving an opportunity for the friendsof the
pulais to visit the academy in the mborniing, spend two or three hours
at the place, aid return in the aftei noon.
The school hlias been for some tine under lie direction of the
Rev. Mr. Prime, but has lately come under the care of the sub.
scriber, late Principal of Nawburgh Academy, who givesto it his
undivided attention, and who intense to make it equaA in advantages
to any mstituiion'ol tLie kind.
'risle stoludits are, fur the time being, rembirers of the family ofthe
Principa and tlealed as such. A seilSe O religious and imoral
obligation is careitilly iic ulcated, but with no sectarian views.
Students may be li:ilcd here for entering any class in college, for
the study of a profession, or for business; and those pursuing the
natural sciences, will have the advantage of a philosophical appara-
ttLs, wvithli lectures.
Arrangemeents are now making for the pernmanent engagement of
a Professor of the French and Spatish languages. A library and
reading room will be furnished lot the benefit of the students.
Tie sumKimer term will commence on Monday, the idday of May
next.
Further particulars may be learned of the following gentlemen;
Rev. James V. Henry, lion. Edward Kemeys, Hon, Aaron WarJ,
Sing Sing; James Smith, Esq. counsellor at law, New York.
ALBERT WELLS, Principal.
N. B. A Female Seminary is about being established in the vici-
nity of the Academy, which is intended to be ofthe first class f
hoarding schools. mi63t*
pIT'TrSF1EL D SEMINARY FOR YOUNG LADIES.-The su-n.
iner sessioo ofihli.. i.. 1 ., school will cotimnence on Monday,
161hl hay, tocoilmur -'- .'.. .. Masters .ilt teach, ais usual, in
each, o tile several d'eparttients of Drawing, Painting, Perspective,
MusiK, ad ithe Mlqidern Languages, while the solid branches are
under the tiustruction of Ihie Principal, aided by experience4fe.
male teachers. Circulars may be found, and inquiiles made, at
Messrs. llutchiison & Tiffany's, 61 Pine street. Applications ior
admission st:ould he addrcssol to Mr. N. S. Dodge. Mr. Dodge will
accompany hispupils frot New York to Pitt.-fiel4, on Friday, the
1l3th. and rron Albany, on -sati.lrday, 14th of May.
New York, tlit March, 1836. m6-4t
HORNET'S INTRODUCTION.-Now on sale, by D. APPLETON &
Co. 200 Broadway, an Introduction toe the Critical ntudy aed
Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures. By Thomas Hartwell Borne.
N,.w and greatly imipioved ediltion, front the 7rni l.ondon .ne. In 2
large royal So. volumes; illustrated with numerous maps and fac
simihles of Bitblical MAS.i m12
W ANTED-a young mian to teach a Classical School, at West
oriomers. One tIt e an comie well recomuiiieudld for piety and
ability, may addr'-ss-lir4in Mitler, 447 Broadway, or Ira Tonp-
kits, \Vest 3oniers. (m123t" J
LA, kvlNCLE\ILLL HIGH t-CIIOOI,, near Prineeton, N.Jersey.
i The eiepartmints ol study in tis institution are :
l"tirs/.-O lihograpliy, Readilng, Pentuanship, Alithmatic, Book-
keepiug, english( Grammar, Geography, tistoly, Ro.nan Antiqui.
ties, Criticismn, Elocutilon, Componsiin, Mtoral Philosophy, and the
study ol the Lunghish Classics.
,Second.--'lihe Lalin and( Greek Langnages.
Third.--Thet .Iatlthetnialics iin,'tuig Algebra, Geometry, Plano
antd .-phricl Tiiigooonietry, Mensuration, Surveying, and Navi.
gatloi.
Foarth.-Modern Lauguages, French, Spanish, and German.
The more advanced pupils may al.o attend to Natural Philosophy
and Chemistry; Astronomy, Mental Philosophy, and Botany. Leo-
tures on Natural Science atue accoumpanied with practical illustira.
tions, witih the aid ol apparatus procured lor thie purpose.
An instructor is provided lor each department of .tudy.
In order that the undividod attention of the class may be most ef-
fectually secured, the recitations before tho respective teachers
are all conducted in separate rooms.
'iThe classes, in turn, are examined every atnurday morning ; and
a general examination takes place during the last week of each ses-
stuon. It is tfie earnest desire of the Principa, that parents and
guaruians should attend the weekly and general examinations, as
olten as possible.
A Library lias been selected with special reference to the benefit
of the pupils, from which all are entitled to draw books twice a
week.
'ile ReadingRoom is furnished with a select number of papers,
periodicals, and paiphlileta.
Religious Instruction.-Morning andevening worship is regularly
obsatvr lv tat whole school. Oni Sabbath minurning, all unite in
tHe t x. .' of [he Bible class, and afterward5 attend church. In
the i, -,r, a lecture oni sonie position of Scripture sla dtlih-r 'I
hy I i I' or ot, ot the assiialnts. Reading ou thi e -i ,1.i, .,Ii
i, 1,tmet 10o OOKs efr a devotional cAd decidedly religious chiar.
actler.
Government.-Every exertion is made to secure assistants whose
moral and religious ilueuce .haltl tend to promote a virtuous char-
acter in thle pupil It is the daly study of all connected with the i i-
stitution, to pro.imole oldarand propriety ol conduct, by enlighten-
nlug the conscience arid itlproving the heart. Our discipline is char-
acterized by undeviating Rknldues, ai affectionate exhibition of
moiial motives, a constant appeal ou those principles of action en
joined by the Scriptures, and by a systematic and decisive adhe.
rence to establishiu rules. Corporeal mtnishuient is inflicted onlrd
as a last resort.
Regudlations.-.-The persons, dress, and manners ofthe pupils, are
objects of constant attention. Each dormitory is under true hmn-
diate care of an in-tructor; and o0, comntuiications are permitted
arter the light is retroved. Ne pocket money disallowed, except
the weekly s.un lurished by the Principal: tho amount is ,egu.
late, by the pupil's No. in scmlolarship and conduct during the week.
No books are to be introuned into the institution, wittiout being
first submitted to the Principal for examination, and receiving his
sanction.
Dressa.-It is desirable that the clothing of the boys should be
strong and substantial, that they may freely engage in active exer.
cises, so importilt to health and a firm co-.stintion. Their sum-
mer clothing should be darir colored, and of a kind not soon soiled.
All articles of clothing. should be marKed with rithe full name.
Local Advantages.-Tue central situation of Lawrenceville ; its
seclAusio from business aind company ; the purity and healthfulness
of its air and water, render this a peculiarly suitable location for
such an institution. The buildings have been thoroughly repaired;
the pI eunises generally much ntoproved ; and every care is taken to
rendl.er the entir-nrp pstablih iifln r donveltn .t r hearith flil lan 8, ..loft


CENSUS OF INDIANS IN 1836. BLCKWOOD'S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.-This standard
Wef hef wint 0 b iscellanycontinues to be republished by the subscriber, in a
We find the following official statement of the number of most superior style o1execution, and it is offered at as cheap a late
Indians in the U. States east of the Rocky Mountains, or as any other pei'iodical in the country, considering the amount of
a .e i.. i d c f or w f s natter it contains and its neatness of typographiy. The number for
rather within striking distance of our western frontier set- January, 1836, has just appeared, and it being the commencement
elements," in a communicaiisn of the Secretary of War to of a new volume, offers a favorable opportunity for those who wish
the U. S. Senate, made on the Sth inst. It will be seen that to become better acquainted with this celebrated periodical, to
subscribe. This nutnber will be found fully equal to any of its pre-
the whole number of Indians who have been removed to the dacessors, in point of ability and interest. Sotume of its articles ate
western side ofthe Mississippi is 31,348; that 72,181 remain of great value. The "Future," is a grave inquiry into tile results
of pres,,nt discussions anid agitations that are now distracting the
to be removed, (exclusiv- of 8,238 in the Ouisconsin territory, civiliz'.ed world. An important article of 30 pases entitled "Foieign
o l n n t p Policy-Foreign Colirerce-atnd thie Prusso-Gertianic Custom.
who may possibly remain in their present home.'lfor many House League," will abundantly repay peiusal. The opening arti.
years ;) and that after these 72,000 are removed there will cle is a criticismi of the Draima of Joannaa Bailey-the writer con.
then be ds f 20000 Id ih n dtnce cedes witli Scott. i1 linking her name with that ot Shakspeare.
then be upwards of 20,000 Indians within striing distance "State of Piotestantism uin France," is another article of great inte.
of the western frontier of the Union. rest. 'Thie lovers of light reading will find this number a source of
ouonuber 01 lni at enior. e ,great sactsi litn. The Itugenot Captain; Bar naby Palms, or4he
number ofIndians emigrated. nia who felt hits way; Edlward Lonidsdale; "Extracts from the
Winnebagoes ......................................... 709 J.otin a! ofarin Alpine Tra"ellter," are highly fascinating. The Legend
Chippewas, Ottawas, anrd Pottawvattamics............ 1)200 of riatitatei, and Translations froni the Greek Anthology, are tim
PottawaLtanmie from Indiana .......................... 441 iOnly poetical articles in the number. Terms, $5 per annum. /'.
Choctaws ......................................... 15,O mil2 TIIEIDORtE FOt'TER, 25Pirio s,....'.
Quapaws ........................................... 300 -0 I-(.K'S NEW WOIRK-- On the Mental lllutnination arnd Moral
Creeks ............................................. 3.600 lm)i rvitenitent of Mankindil, or am inquiry imh o the ineant by
Appalachicolas ........................ .. .... .......... 265 ..;,. il *. ,I-,, 1ii i;fliIsiioIt ofl knowledge tilid ntoral principle may be
Cherokees ........................................... 6,t00U ,. ... i ii ,.,i will Engravings. By Thoumas Dick, LL.il).
Kickapoos ........................................... 583 .ilutpubliished and for sale by
Delawares ............................................ 6 w1l2 EZRA COLLIiRET, Theological Bookseller, 148 Nassau st.
Shawainees ......................................... 1,250 )LIOOMFiEr)S' GREEK TESTAMENT-limproved Editiomn.-
Oitlawas .............................................. 200 IL' This day ruceiveoi, iy tie ideto arrivals from London, thie new
W eas ................................................ 222 ediiiu .i f ilie (idc eek 'TcSanice t, wilth Lhwthi Notes-Criticil,
Pmanikeshaw ..........................................162 Pliillolgicat, aund xegetical ; partly selected ad arranged from thie
r i~invibiicvv ----*** ** **best couiunenL' al'jrs, aucieiit and modern, but chiefly Onlglna[ i adapt.
Peorias and Kaskaskias ................................1 -2 iit coiire itai)rs, ativtnt amditrh-rn, hut chiefly ot mgmual; adapt.
Senecas ..............................................251i ed to t00 use ofacaLeuinical students, candidates for the sacred office
ani tLui itters, though a;so iteilnded as a manual edition for the use
Senecas and Shawanecs ............................... 211 ofi-- i.. ,i readers in general. By the Rev. S T. Bloomfiebi,
D- ). Ii D ,,-, of Rtcoeusio Synopttc a Anunotations Sacrae. Second
Total, 31,348 edition, corrected, greatly enlarged, and considerably improved ; 2
vols. 8vo.
Tihe present edition may be regarded as an entirely new work,
Number of Indians to remove, from tire coniipete revistrn which iL has undergone, and the addition
New-York Indians .................................. 4,176 of 150 pagesofnow imati.er-valtablte ,iidexes--the great beauty aad
Ottawas of Ohio. ............................. 230 accuracy ofis rypogmiopmcil executin (so important in a work ola
Wyandoits ............ .................. .............. 575 critical naturue)-give to this edition a decided superiority over any
Pottawattaies of Indiana ............................ 3,00 replint that canl be published. For sale by
Miamties .......................................... 1,100 o 2 121).AP AP i'.Et17 en & fO 2, 0 Broadway.
Chipewas, Ottawas, and Pottawattaiies ............. 6400 EWAK ACAI)EMY-English and Classical )epartinments.-
.hpewl This instil.Ailen is i successful operation Young inen, prepare
Winursebagoes ..............I......................... "i5irstttom smmsce0") olralli ongmn7pea
MeWinncnbagoies ......................... : ............... 4,00 ing or tolleg-, are advanced as ralindly as consists with a thorough
Menomonies ........ .................... 4,00 preparation. t'ai cuts, who wish lo locate their sons at school in a
Cherokees ........................................ I8,0I eallhy aid pleasant police, where every attention will Ie paid to
Creeks ............................ ... ............. 21,0010 their habiLts, moral, in tial, anud physical, are referred to-besides
Chickasaws ........................................5,600 the Tm ustees-the tion. Theo. Frelnghuysenr, Chief Justice Ilrn.
Seminoles ..........................................0 ,00 blower, Rev. Win. K. Weeks, D. 1). Rev. E. Cheever, Rev. A. G.
Appalaehicolas ......................................400 Eddy, Judge David D. Crainc, Newark; Rev. A. Peters, D. D.
Appalachicolas ......................... Rtev. WVi. 'Patton, Rev. Dr. Cox, Rev. )r. Woedbridge, New York
---- city; T. Romieyn Beck, M. D. Principalof the Albany Acadenmy
Total, 72,181 Rev. P. Bullions, Prof. ofhLang in same, A'.bany; Rev. E. Nott, D.
'President of hinion College, Schleneciady.
Number ofIndians south of Lake Superior. Tuition, per termit (22 weeks)--The elementary of the 2d, and Eng-
Peninsula of Michigan. s. soth...5 674 lih branches of thie 1st departintnt, $14, the Languages and Ma.
Peninsula o M ichigan........... .................... tIi4 at i ; hi; denials, extra.
Northwestern coast of Lake Superior................... 274 il'rh board, $150 per annum. The pupil furnishes his own bed,
Northern curve of Green Bay ................ ......... 210 bedding, cOe. C. ABIOTT, Principal.
Sources of the Ouisconsin and Menomonie rivers ..... ...312 jl6.tfno6(t
Northwest coast of Lake Huron ..................... 302 T.KLNtm;'lil' 'rlTtlA.-For sale, at this ohice, the Trial of Rev
St. Mary's river ...................................... 436 lD 'yirn Bee,-hcr, I). 1). before rie Presbytery oh (incinnati,
Louthern shore of Lake Superior ...................... ,00 on the charieof lieresv. Reported for the New York Observer.
olo-tf
Total 8 238 'ZRA I 'It,,ER, 146t Nassau street, Theological Bookseller, has
S____ j for sale Dr. Bleec-her's Trial for Ieresy, before the Cincinnati
Presbytery, in pamphlet form, as reported in thle N. Y. O'bberver,
Number of Indians of the indigenous tribes, within striking by A. J. Stansbuiry. d 10 itf
Sioux. distance of the frontier. 7500 iLU LLlAR iiSTA S)vJK-Voie
S ioux .............................................. 27,500 f 'lli it, OLO UG'Lt.:A 114;kARI 4W TF rA N o JA B.l ) \( K S.- -V olu ine
.I* one contains tMie complete Works ol John llowe.
always .............................................. ,Z0 P ce, in one vol. cloth, lettered, $5 i00
Sacs ................................................ 4,800 two vols 5 50
Foxes ... ..... ..................................... 1,6001 one vol. sheep, 5 25
Sacs of the Missouri ............................ ...... 51 0 two vols. 6 00
Osages ......................I ......................5,12J well printed and strongly bound. It is believed to be cheap beyond
Kanzas ............................................1 .471i a parallel in works ol this kind. It lormeily sold, in several vols.
ton 4*30 If hi.l Libraty, six works oftihe same size mtoay be had lor
Omaiihas.......................................... 1 4 L t0 hat mSal. n h otI libr -chas eri tmese size m o, b 1 d0
I t1ia sum, saving to the purchaser, (,n ttese vohlumres Linoe, $150 !
Otoes and Missourias .............................. 1,610 Ohlier works of stanuaid worth will be published, as last as sufli-
Pawi'ees ........................................... 10,0 0O ciOnt oicouiaa einenit sliall be given.
Camriances .......................................... 7 00 A laig", number must be sold, to enable the publisher to furnish
Kioways............................................ 1,400 the woi k at btie above price.
ayst ........................... 15 T'Those thliat would encourage this enterprise, and who wish for ths
1apid ans--- .. .............. ...... *15 000 works of lhowe, at, the present price, will please to sound for it with.
Quapaws .......................................... 450 out delay, that another work may be laken up.
Minatares ...... .................................. 15,bO If six or uhore oill unite and send pay for as many copies, by
Assina oins ...................................... 8 0Ot0 mail or otherwise, the publisher will send thein free of expense
Crees ...............................................,00 to any seaport in the United States; or ifless than six copies, at th-ir
L ros centre .* . .. . .. . .. ... *,** ****** ***** ** expense.
G(ros Ventres.....- 3......................3,00 '*1 have learnt fair more from John Howe, lhan from any other
Crows .............................................. 4 00 autlior I ever reatd."-JIooert l-all.
Caddoes ............................................. 2,000 Frumi Ithe Re. l)rs. Woods and Skinner, Piofessors in the Theolo.
Puncas Su......................................... 80L gieal ,-utiniuary, Aiiod(ver, Mass.
I Aickaras...................... .. .............. 3,OL'0 Aongltthe non cou iornimng iviies of t il7,1lih century, the first
(.heyernnes..... ..................................... 2 000 ihree, v-e thin k, are- O(-wni, laxtra ;i tid ]iW(oe; and ol these three,
lackfeet......................................... 30,01 though v, have iiae n owe last, we d-, not consider him last in
extce lence, but in some respects, we should, v.ithout hesitation,
place hlim first. Ih purity of doctrine ; ml candor, amiableness, and
Total, 150,341 depthi ot spirit; in originality iaind independence o0 thought; in ar.
The recapitulation shows the number of Indians that with rangenmenit, coherence, and strength of argument; and in compro-
be between the frontier and the Rocky Mountains after thie hensiveness and richness of dicimin, we know ef no religious writer
emiratio 1 iscomple whom we deem the superior of .John Howe We anticipate the
emigration is completed. highest kind ot advantages to the ministry and churches of this
Recapitulation, country, Iroim th e reptibhcalion i of his adtirable works.
Number of Indians emigrated....................... 31,348 LEONAR WOODns.
Number of Indians to remove ........................ 72, l181 Io.'is H. .K1NNER.
Number of Indians of the indigenous tribes........ 150 341 JOHN P. HAVEN, Publi he
felt 27 ri 148 Nas-sau street, Now Xotk.