The globe
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073657/00004
 Material Information
Title: The globe
Uniform Title: Globe (Washington, D.C. Semiweekly)
Running title: Semi-weekly globe
Physical Description: v. : ; 56-60 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: F.P. Blair
Place of Publication: Washington D.C
Creation Date: October 15, 1836
Publication Date: 1830-1845
Frequency: semiweekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
Additional Physical Form: Available on microfilm from the Library of Congress Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Dec. 7, 1830)-v. 14, no. 7 (Dec. 28, 1843) ; new ser., v. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1, 1844)-new ser., v. 2, no. 35 (Apr. 30, 1845).
Numbering Peculiarities: Continuous pagination, <Jan. 1, 1844>-
General Note: Supplements accompany some issues.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 08786335
lccn - sn 82014042
System ID: UF00073657:00004
 Related Items
Related Items: Globe (Washington, D.C. : Daily)
Related Items: Daily globe (Washington, D.C. : 1844)
Related Items: Globe (Washington, D.C. : Weekly)
Related Items: Extra globe (Washington, D.C. : 1832)
Related Items: Extra globe (Washington, D.C. : 1834)
Related Items: Weekly globe (Washington, D.C. : 1841)
Related Items: Dollar globe
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly union (Washington, D.C.)

Full Text


Daily paper, per an'm, $10 00 Weekly, per annum, 2 60
Bnu-weekly per an'm, 5 00 Extra Globe for months, 1 00
Daily, per month, $1 00 | Semi weekly, per month, 80 50
Subscriptions to the Daily for less than two, to the Semi.
weekly for less than four, or to the Weekly for less than twelve
months, will not be received.
Subscribers may discontinue their paper at any time by pay-
ing for the time they have received them; but not without.
rose who subscribe-for a year, and do not at the time of
subscribing order a discontinuance at the end of it, will be
considered subscribers until they order the paper to be stopped,
and pay arrearages.
Twelve lines, or less, three insertions, 81 00
Every additional insertion, 0 25
Longer advertisements charged in proportion.
A liberal discount made to those who advertise by the year.
Allpayments to be made in advance. Those who have not
an opportunity of paying otherwise, may remit by mail, at our
risk, postage paid. The Postmaster's'certificate of such re-
mittance, shall be a sufficient receipt therefore. The notes of
anmy specie-paying bank will be received.
No attention will be given to any order, unless the money,
or a Postmaster's certificate that it has been remitted, accom-
panies it.
' 3 E Letters to the Proprietors, charged with postage,
Wil not be taken out of the Post Offlce,
^_, __ .-- ..- -y Me

Information has been received at the Depart.
ment of State that Dr. WILLIAx H. PATTERSON,
of Philadelphia, Pa. or of Newark, N. Y., died at
Buenos Ayres on the 5th of July last.

We give below all the news yet received from
the contest in Pennsylvania. Our earliest intelli-
gence is auspicious. In the city of Philadelphia
the bank, "with all its appliances and means to
boot," has not been able to increase its cohort. It
barely held its own. One would have supposed
that as its audacity has increased to sucb a pitch as
to harness its creatures to the coach of its candi-
date-the seller of white slaves-it had so increase
ed its strength by purchases that it could set at
nought all sense of freedom in its conquered city,
and that tame submission was all that was to be
looked for; but we are glad to find that there is a
bold and hardy principle still alive there, which
wi!l yet put down the Bidwells and their mercena-
ry train. We had no hope of 3000 against 5000.
No newspapers or letters were received giving
the vote of the county. it will be seen that York
and Harrisb.urg have nobly redeemed themselves.

The returns from additional counties show a
gain of a few hundred for the nullifiers over the
last election. The changes of the day before in
the five or six counties received, were in favor of
the democracy. So fat-, we see nothing that au-
gurs danger to the republican cause. There is a
great falling off in the vote on both sides; but
there is no change that threatens to shake the ba-
lance of parties as adjusted at the last election.

We publish, by request, the proceedings of the
Congressional Convention of St. Lawrence and
Franklin counties, N. Y. According to the principle
of rotation in the counties, we perceive that Mr.
GILLET has not been re-nominated. It is a good
principle, but we are sure the counties will never
have a better representative than the gentleman
who retires according to the sound republican
rule, which, from usage, in New York, has almost
become constitution.

We understand that the editor of the Mirrer
endorses a statement, imputing that General
Jackson has expressed a wish for the election of
General Harrison. This is such a shameless false-
hood as scarcely to deserve contradiction; but we
do contradict it, and assert that it is utterly un-
founded, and that there is not the slightest cir-
cumstance to countenace it.

We have received a letter from a friend just ar-
rived at Liverpool, from which we make the fol-
lowing extract:
"Yesterday I went to the Cemetery, a most ro-
mantic and beautiful spot. The whole surface
was studded with neat, and occasionally splendid
tombs,in remembrance of some departed friend or
other. We strolled to the spot where rests poor
Major Barry. It brought many sad and melancholy
reflections-of days gone by, friendships broken,
and changes wrought in this fleeting world. How
altered the scene from former times, when his elo-
quence had riveted listening crowds, and when he
was writhing under the deep persecutions poured

out upon him. There rested 11 that remained.
Mr. Hluskisson's splendid monument, and others
of less gaudy app al ance, though neat and hand-
somre, were ai-round, with inscriptions to warn the
gravedigger in some after time, of the sanctity of
the plce, and the name of him who there reposed;
but Barry-was without a mark upon his tomb. A
plain rough unpolished slab, points out indeed the
spot,with No. 1132 (nothing else) chiselled oni!."

The race yesterday was won by Gov. Sprigg's
Atalanta, over a field of six competitors. The
first heat was closely contested by Brimo. He
was beetcn scarce half a length.
This day, at one o'clock, the Jockey Club Purse
will be contended for by the following crack nags,
every one of which has been a winner of four mi!e
heats, and much sport may be anticipated.
Jocky Club Purse, $1,000; four mile heats.
1. J. B. Kendall's Camsidel.
2. Gen. Gibson's Prophet.
3. W. J. Stratton's Morris.
4. J. S. Ganison's Cipus.
On Saturday there will be two interesting races.

Whig. Van Buren.
John Sergeant, 5321 John M. Read, 3066
Geo. W 'Toland, 5313 | Morris Longstreth, 3078

Charles B. Trego,
Wm. B. Fling
Hy. S. Spackman,
Joseph B. Smith,
Joseph Mcllvaitie,
J. IV. Tyson,
Benj. Duncan,

Van Buren.
5269 Wm. Thompson,
5249 Win. V. Pettit,
5223 )Wm. Stephens,
5213 '1 ho. B. Florence,
5241 James H. Horn,
5247 Win. Stewart,
5238 Francis Cooper,


4, 51:~&J



&'O F WASHINGTON* 4-- Mj- 49 K-LlV---'~J~~ ~BE~IIS6

102; in Susquehanna 107; and in Upper Swatara
N. B.-We have just learned that the democr'a.
tic ticket has succeeded in New Cumberland, the
strongest antimasonie district in Cumberland coun-

Extract from a lettr, dated
YoRK, Oct. 12th, 1836.
GENTLEMIN: I can give you but little news.
Thle judges in the borough district have only
counted off the sheriff's box; but from the result
for sheriff, it is obvious that our whole ticket has
carried by about 1,;00 majority in the county.
Last year, owing to the division in our ranks, th
majority was 100 against us. The gain will be
1,100. From the few townships in the neighbor-
hood that have been heard from, Logan has, in
every instance, gained on his competitor over his
vote in 1834. His majority then over Barnitz was
599. It cannot now be less than 1,000 over

From the .ugusta (Ga.) Curier.
EFFING AM COUNTY.- I'lie following is an ex-
tract of a letter from Effingham, received in Sa-
vannah: "I enclose you the result of the election
here. Many of the Union men were prevented
by sickness from attending. The vote is smaller
,han it was last year. We have lost nothing. Be-
turr- another campaign, the eyes of the republicans
of this county will open upon the light, and Van
Buren. the man of the People, will receive the
vole of the democratic Effingham."
Coffee, 121 Alford, 163
Cleveland, 121 Black, 163
G'ascock, 284 Colquett, 163
G-antland, 121 Dawson, 163
Haynes, 121 1-Habersham, 163
Holsey, 12L Jackson, 164
Jackson, 121 King, 163
Owens, 122 Nesbit, 162
Towns. 121

Coffee, 95 Alford,
Cleveland, 99 Black,
Glascock, 108 Colquett,
Grantland, 100 Dawson,
Haynes, 100 Habersham,
Holsey, 100 Howard,
Jackson, 100 Jackson,
Owens, 100 King,
Towns, 100 Nesbit,

Glascock, 921 Alford,
Cleveland, 522 Black,
Coffee, 515 Colquett,
Grantland, 519 Dawson,
Haynes, 524 Habersham,
Holsey, 520 J. W. Jackson,
Jabez Jackson, 516 King,
Owens, 519 Nesbit,
Townes, 522

Cleveland, 701 Alford,
Coffee, 702 Dawson,
Glascock, 934 Habersham,
Grantland, 699 J. W. Jackson,
Haynes, 715 Nesbit,
Holsey, 701 King,
Jabez Jackson, 702 Colquett,
Owens, 701 Black,
Towns, 702




The whole Union ticket was elected of course.
There being no opposition, scarcely half the citi-
zens attended thIe polls.


Ow, its,





568 Alford, 559
550 Black, 562
772 Colquitt, 562
565 Dawson, 562
570 Habersham, 568
563 Jackson, 560
570 King, 564
571 Nesbit, 570

Twioos COUNTY.
399 Alford, 313
399 Black, 310
590 Colquett, 308
398 Dawson, 315
396 Habersham, 311
400 | Jackson, 312
398 King, 305
397 Nesbit, 310

608 Alford, 504
610 Black, 404
1033 Colquitt, 504
600 Dawson, 507
611 Habersham 507
604 Jackson, 507
616 1 King, 505
600 Nesbit, 504

760 Alford, 802
752 Black, 801
1,347 Colquitt, 806
751 Dawson, 807
758 Habersham, 801
756 Jackson, 800
752 King, 801
760 Nesbit, 807

278 Alford, 408
258 Black, 403
466 Colquett, 403
275 Dawson, 448
276 Habersham, 401
278 Jackson, 401
282 King, 402
279 Nesbit, 418

560 Alford, 305
308 Black, 300
277 Colquett, 302
317 Dawson, 115
306 Habersham, 305



J. W. Jackson,


Extract from an address of the committee appointed
by the litpublican Corresponding Committee, to
the citizens of Nelson county, Vs.
"But Mr. Vatii Buren is a northern man, a New
Yorker,-Felhow citizens did the northern demo-
crats, when they ardently supported the elections
of Jeffarson, Madison, Monroe and Jackson for the
sake of republicans principles against northern men,
cry out that they were southern men, and refuse
to sustain them? No, they nobly disregarded sec-
tional considerations and ralliedct to the republican
standard; for forty years out of forly-eight, southern
men have held the office of Pr, sident, sustained
by the republicans of the north, and now when they
for the first time present a candidate worthy of
their confidence, the cry of sectional proscription
is raised; he is a northern man, and therefore un-
worthy of confidence. Fellow citizens, is this just,
is it proper, is it right? is it patriotic? will you de-
liver your friend& over to the very enemies they
aided you in overcoming, to be executed at their
mercy? If the south is determined to act upon sec-
tional considerations and to proscribe every north-
ern candidate, it !s but reasonable to expect that
the north in self-defence will act upon the same
principle, i.nct refuse to vote for a southern man-
the effect would be that the north would al-
ways gve the President, being the strongest.
But this is not the greatest danger to be ap-
prehended from this sectional feeling, it is
but the com-mencement of that scclional
jealousy that formation of sectional y.arties which
the great father of his country WASHINGTON, so
much deprecated, and against which he warned
his fellow-citizens with so much solicitucde. FIl-
low-citizens, this feeling of sectional jeausl), if
not checked, will blow this U:.ion into at ?ms,
and with it the last hope of liberty to the world.
We entreat you as you value liberty-as you value
free institutions-as you value tais Union, this
sacred palladium of freedom aind safety, to discard
and discountenance every such dangerous consid-
eration, for the safety of our free institutions.
You are responsible to the blood of our fathers
who achieved them, to the worldd who look to us
for their own liberty, and to posterity, who have a
right to receive them at your hans unimpaired, as
their heritage. You cannot meet the responsibil-
ity unless you check every insidious lurking prin-
ciple calculated to produce such a fatal catastro-
phe as the disruption of that Union under which
we have lived so freely, so securely and so hap-
pily, and advanced with such gigantic strides to
wealth, prosperity and power. The enemies of
the Union will fan this flame, but its friends will
exert every nerve to extinguish it. The proper
inquiries in relation to every candidate are, is he
honest, is he capable, is he faithful, and does he
maintain those opinions which we deem essential
to liberty, to free institutions and the success-
ful administration of the constitutionA powers of
the Government. We hope that by this standard
you will judge of the qualifications of the can-
didates, and determine upon your preference
without regard to sectional consideratil-ns of any
kind. We do not ask you to sustain Mr. Van
Buren because he is a northern man : we only ask
you not to discard him on that account.
We deem it unnecessary to notice all the slang
with which newspapers have teemed against Mr.
Van Buren, and which has been gathered up and
retailed among the people by heated partisans, as
truths, although unsupported by a single particle of
testimony, such as "Magician," "Intriguer," "fly-
pocrite," antd "Roman Catholic"-they are unwor-
thy of the age and will exert but little influence
with an intelligent, high-mindedpeople. As to the
charge of non-committalism we will answer it, by
defying our adversaries to designate a single ques-
tion which has agitated the community since Mr. Van
Buren's entrance into public life, upon which his
opinion has n,)t been unequivocaly and decidedly
expressed. If they will designate the question,
we will answer it by pointing out a decided opinion
expressed by Mr. Van Buren in relation to it. Mr.
Van Buren's enemies cannot ascertainn his opinions
because they do not search for them.
To Mr. Van Iluren there are two oppos:.ig
candidates, Judge White of'F Tenntssee, and Gene-
ral Harrison of Ohio. Of their claims we propose
to say a few words. Judge White has hitherto
been recommended by his supporters as a friend
to the present administration. It is true Judge
White has been a friend of the administration.
In a speech delivered in the Senate of the United
States in 1834 he pronounced a high eulogy upon
General Jackson and his administration. In Octo-
ber, 1835, in a letter to thie Legisldture of Tennes-
see, when his re-election as Senator was about to
come on, and he was suspected of waning in his
devotion to the administration, he stated that" the
idea of his quilting the admisinisiration was FANCI-
ruL In 1836 he ascertains th-at the President
was in his DOTAGE, TII4T liE ti,9 DEPARTED FROM
POWER, and that he was undi-r the control of
against Mr. Taney's nomination as Chief Justice,
whose course in relation to the Bask of the United
States he had sustained, and although he had vo-
ted tor the confirmation of his nomination as Se-
cretary of the Treasury. He voted for Steven.
son's nomination as Minister to England in 1834,
but voted against it in 1836-he voted for Ken-
dall's nomination as Fourth Auditor, but against it
as Post Master Genera!, although Kendall had

proved himself a very valuable and efficient officer,
and he voted for Mr.Van Buren's nomisatioi asN Min-
ister to England, but now pronounces him aflatte-
rer and sycop,,ant, although a rival candidate-thus
voting to sacrifice to the resentment of the opposi-
tion some of the strongest fi ends of the President
and all supporters of bis administration. This is not
all-at the last session of Congress he voted for
Mr. Clay's land hill; in 1834 he voted against it;
but above all, fellow citizens, he is urged upon
you with but few exceptions, by the constant un-
compromising enemies of the administration, Bank
men, tariff men, internal improvement men and
ail; and your support of him is sought because he
had been the friend of the administration, regard-
less of the s rong indications which hlie has given
of entire alienation from the administration and its
friends. How, ar.d why it is, that the opposition
are so earnest in their pressing Judge White's
pretensions upon the people, while many have no
idea of voting for him, wilt be seen in the sequel,
and will present an anomaly in the history of
Presidential elections.

The United States Telegraph which once sang
so melodiously in praise of Tennessee "Cato,"
now contends that the best plan for the whigs to
succeed before the people, is to elect Harrison by
the electoral colleges, and proposes, for that pur-
pose, that the electoral votes of Virginia, South
Carolina, Georgia, and others, be thrown into his
sc.ale! I he Telegraph even goes so far as to say
(and in this, it no doubt speaks on the authority of
its leaders) we have but little doubt that these

itslederWies) ehdvtd b h wreta
States will cast their votes for General Harrison!I"
Was there ever such a plan of reckless impudence
and gross and glaring inconsistency recommended
to an honest and reflecting people! Here we have
the confidential organ of those great sticklers for
principle, the nullifiers, openly acknowl edging
that its party is characterized by an utter destitu-
tion of all principle, and is ready to perpetrate a
direct fraud upon the people, to gratify its unhal-
lowed propensities for power.
It was bad enough when the nullifiers took up
Judge White. lie had voted for the worss fea-
tures of the Force Bill, and went as far as he who
went farthest in rebuking and denouncing their
dangerous designs against the integrity of tief
Union. He possessatd not a single principle in
common with the nullifiers, and there was but a
single circumstance which tended to redeem tihe
dark sedfishness that had called them to his sup-
port, and that was fou.d in the fact that lie was a
southern man, aid supposed from his geographi-
cal position to feel an interest in time security of
southern institutions. This was the excuse offer-
ed by the nullifiers for what they coquettishly
pretended, o as on their part a reluctant support
of Hugh L. White. But what can they now say,r
these exclusive lovers of priaciple,-how can
they hold tip their heads before the people they
are attemptingto dupe, after the admission is un-
blushingly made that Judge White hAs been used
as a mere handplait, a mere pis-ailer candidate,
anld that tlie best plan to defeat Van Burten, will
be tranft t eto Hlarrison a sufficient number of
southern electoral votes to decide the question!
Anid who is Win. H. Harrison that the nullif.is
are so enamored of him as to be ready to ele-
vaLte him to the high office of Chief Magis-
trate of the country? Ii lie noe a latitudi-
narian of the first water? Is he not in favor of
ihe constitutional power of Congress to incor-
porate a national bank? Is he not the friend of
that corrupting system of internal i'ovement
by the Gen-ral Government which Gen. Jackson
" crushed" by the Maysville veto? Is hie not, in
the fullest sense of the term, an outi and out advo-
cate of Mr. Clay's great American Sdstem? Amnd
have not the nullifiers denounced all ihese things?
and yet will they support such a man for the Pre-
sidency! But, exceptionable as Gem. Harrison
must be to the southern people, on account of tihe
uniform unsoundness of his general pditical prin-
ciples, there is another subject pecul;adly interest-
ing to the South, and about which tin e nullifiers
have pretended a good deal of patriots sensitive-
ness, in regard to which Gen. Harriton is radi-
cally tainted n in his principles aad vith a full
knowledge of his views upon which ro southern
man can either directly or indirectly support him
for the Presidency without recreancy aid treache-
ry to southern interests. General I-Arrison has
openly proclaimed it, and is now reaping advan-
tage from the avowal in having an open abolition-
ist on his ticket for Vice President, (Mp. Granger,)
that he is at heart adverse to the institution s of
southern slavery. In proof of this w! submit to
(he people the following extract from a speech of
Genr. Har'rison, and invite them to testow on it
temir cAlm and dispassionate consideration:
Should I be asked, if there be nro uty by which
the General Government can aid the cause tj F.MAN-
CIPATIoN, I answer, that it has long beea an object
NEAR MY HEART to see the whole of its s-rplus reve-
nue appropriated to that object. i h tie sanction
f the States holding slaves, there appear, to yme no
CONSTITUTnIONAL objection to its being thus applied;
emhbr-ucing not only the colonization of those that
may be otherwise freed, BUT THE PUCr&SZ eOF Tuh.
FREEBOh or OTHERS- By a zealous prosecution of
a plan formed upon this basis, we maigit look for-
ward to a day, not far distant, when a ITorth3 esri-
can sun would not look do-mi upon a slwe."
Such are the views of t the man to whm the nulli-
fiers, who have cainted so much about Van Buren
as being "a neortheri man,' haive procnlaimed
through their org-an, thie Telegraph, that they ni-c
ready to give the vote of South Carolina! We
atk the people of the south whether they are
ready to endorse the shameless disrega-d of prin
ciple which such an avo ppal on the r art of the
nultiflers so clearly indicates? If they hesitate,
we then warn them to touch not wdat they may
suppose to be the White Tickeat te approach-
ing election. Be on your guard people of Ala-
bama! A deep laid scheme has been laid to de-
ceive you! Place it not in the power of in-
triguing politicians to barter away your rights for
their own promotion! Cut loose Ifromn a party
whose only motto confessedly is-" power, not
principle." Rally to the support of that pet-se-
cuted statesman who is recommended by time confi-
dence of Jack-soii, Macon, Smaith, and other vene-
rable repubhicamis wvho have never deceived you,
and whose declining years give earrtest that they
at least have no motives to mislead and delude
youn. Do this, and you will elevate to the Presi-
dency, a mania whose private vii'taes are not less to
be admired than the dignity of his public charac-

ter and the "magic of his mind."

Federal Consistency.-It has been thie cry of the
federal party, ever since General Jackson has been
n office, that "proscription" was exercised by the
administration, because friends, instead of oppo-
nentts, were preferred for office; and nobody has
been louder in their co nplaints than the friends of
Governor Everett. Now to show the consistency
of these folks, read the following from the Boston
Daily Advertser, Governor Everett's official or-
"We of course do not mean to express an opin.
ion that Governor Everett would, in any ordinary
political appointment, give an office to a Van Bu-
ren man, to the exclusion of a candidate equally
well qualified, belonging to the political party by
which he is himself supported. Nobody can sup-
pose him to be so imperfectly acquainted with
the duties of his station, as to adopt so absurd a
Of course it is not expected that Gov. Everett
would "adopt so absurd a course" as to appoint a
"Van Buren man" to any office, and yet they have
made great complaint because Gen. Jackson
would not appoint his opponents.-New Hamp-
shire Patriot.

party, ready and willing to do their bidding-
joining with Clay,Calioun and Webster,1i their e-
nunciations of the Chief Magistrate-voting fo
Whig measures which he had formerly opposed-
opposing Presidential nominations which had pre-
viously received his sanction and his votes--atnd
evincing a willingness and a determination to do
ail in his power to effect the overthrow of that
party to which he was solely indebted for the
little fime and public confidence hlie had acquired.
The Presidential chair had become the god of his
idolatry, and he was as ready to sacrifice his prin-
ciples as his friends at its shrine. But he is now
receiving the traitor's reward-the scorn of the
friends whom hlie shamefully deserted, and the
cold neglect of those to whom he looked for the
price of his treason.
From the ,St.-Lsuwrence (N. Y.) Republican.
cans of this Congressional district held a conven-
tion at Massena Springs on Tuesday last, and nomi-
nated unanimously the Hon. James B. Spencer, of
Franklin county, as a candidate for Congress to be
supported at the coining election. Of the quali-
fications of Mr. Spencer, it is enough to say, that
he has represented his county for several years in
the State Legislature, satisfactorily, and enjoys
the confidence of the derimocracy of" his county and
the district. He will receive their undivided sup-
port, and when elected will, we have no doubt,
use his best exertions to promote the best inte-
rests of the country. lie has a good example in
the present incumbent, the Hon. Ransom H. Gil-
let, whose term expires the 4th of March next,
when Mr. Spencer's term, if elected, will com-

of Delegates for the fourteenth Congressional Dis-
trict, comprising the counties of St. Lawrence and
Franklin, held at Massena Springs on the 27th of
September, 1836, thi following delegates ap-
peared and presented their credentials:
From St. Lawrence: Jonai Santord, Minet Jeni-
son, Zenas Clark, Royal Vilas, William S. Pad-
dock, John L. Russell, and George Redington.
From Franklin: Amnherst K. Williams, Sidney
Briggs, Isaac Moxley, and Christopher Briggs.
The C invention was organized by appointing
1lon. Minet Jenison chairman, and Amhcrst K.
Williams and George Redington, Esqs. secretaries.
The chairman, pursuant to resolution, appointed
Messrs. Russell, Sanford, and Willi:ms, a comnmit-
tee to prepare and report resolutions and an ad-
dress for the consideration of the convention.
On motion of Hon. Zenas Clark, it was resolved
that the convention proceed to ballot for the nomi-
nation of a candidate for representative in Con-
gress fi-omrn this district: Whereupon the conven-
tion proceeded to ballot, and the result was the
unanimous nomination of JAMES B. SPENCER,
of Franklin.
The committee on resolutions reported the fol-
lowing, and an address, which were unanimously
Resolved, That we retain unshaken confidence
in our national administration, and view, with
grateful admiration, the devoted energy in the
executing its measures, manifested by the venera-
ble patriot at its head, who, notwithstanding the
weight of years and declining health, is constantly
adding new honors to his country's fame, and
greater obligations upon the g-ratitude of a free
people. The name of ANDREW JACKSON
will ever be a stimulus to the aspirations of pa-
triots for true popular liberty throughout the
Resoln-d, That the nomination by the Republi-
cans of the nation of a citizen of our own State
for the office of President if the United States,
is received by us with deep and heartfelt gratifi-
cat:on, and that the long tried champion of demo-
cracy, MARTIN VAN BUREN, sioould be the
candidate by so unanimous a choice of the people,
affords double cause for rejoicing to uts all. The
incorruptible purity of his lif.,, the unwavering in-
tegrity of his principles, and thie long and unre-
mittin.'N-s'evotion of is labors and his s. !endid
talents t6the cause of republican sm, in s-pite of
the malignant and unceasing attacks of bitter and
powerful opponents, have gained him a place in
the nffectionis of true republicans which ifew patri-
ots have ever attained, and will place his name
high ia the lit of thoae worthies wvio:se efforts in
the cause of liberty have immortalized their fame,
Resolved, That in that inflexible republican,
RICHARD M. JOHNSON, the favorite of our
sister State Kentucky, wvho has been nominated by
the republicans of the Union, fbr the second office
in the nation, we acknowledge the brave and suc-
cessfiml soldier, and time honest, able and fearless
statesman, w ho merits and will receive cur united
Resolved, That the i-epab'.icans of this district
view with urfeigned satisfaction and pride, and on
this occasion we cannot refrain fr'om expression
ouir individual esi.imaiton of the public life and
political course of' our distinguished feliow-citizen,
SILAS WRIGHT, Jr. Senator of the United
States Whils hi- bold arnd fatarless integrity, and
the in valuable efforts of his powerful mind in the
support of thIe great measures of our a'5ministra-
tion, are more and more gaining- the high appro-
bation of republicans throughout the State and
nation, his own immediate neighbors feel a proud-

er gratification in the fact, that since hie time
when they first drew him from private life for a
place in our State councils, their confidence, then
so unanimously expressed, has never been shaken
by a single act of his whole public life.
Resolved, That the Hion. RANSOM H. GIL-
LET, the present representative from this dis-
trict, b) his industry, his constant attention to the
high duties of his station, and the able and faithful
manner in which he has discharged them, de-
serves, as lie receives, the thanks of his consti-
tuents. His course ha- been, what that of a re-
presentative ever should be, to devote his best
energies and talents in carrying out the will of the
people, as the best manner of representing them.
Resolved, TIfhat the proceedings of thlie recent
State Convention, held at Syractuse, are unusually
gratifying. The ability, firmness, and patriotism,
exhibited by that body, will comport with the high
character of the delegates composing it. We
cordially respond to the measures recommended,
and the nominations for Governor, lieu.enant-go-
vernor, and electors, made by that convention, and
in their able and masterly address to the people,
we recognize a clear exhibition of the funda-
mental principles of democracy, which mist meet
with the cordial acceptance of all republicans.
Resolved, rhit this convention unanimously no-
minate JAMES B. SPENCER, of Franklin, for
representative from this district for the next Con-
fres5. We recommend Jfutdze SrneoPr- as atru

We lay before our readers, this mniorning, an ad-
dress front Mlr. Linthicufn, another of the nineteen
electors of Senate, respecting whom our oppo-
nernts, as in the case of Dr. Duvall, have indulged
themselves in rmtking various allegations. From
this address it will be seen, that ei-ere has been as
little foundation for those alleg-itons, as in the
case of Dr. Duval. We have never entertained a
doubt respecting the course which those gentle-
men would pursue, and we now repeat the assur-
ance we have already repeatedly given, that no
Senate will be or can be elected. As incredulous
as our opponents have been upon the subject, we
trust they will be convinced that we have bean
correct in the statements we have made. We
hope that the matter will now he put to rest. No
possible good can result from a perseverance in the
course which has been pursued by our opponents
to create a panic. it cannot change the determi-
nation of men of such nerve and judgment as
the electors; and the only effect it can produce
will be to keep alive, for but a short time, the ex-
citement which they have created, and which can-
not, to any ole, be productive of any possible ad-
vantage. It must, to every man of judgment and
intelligence, be perfectly obvious that all the
clamor that hasi been raised about anarchy and
confusion as the necessary result of an omission to
elect a Senate, is but an idle phantom of distem-
pered minds, or is intended for mere party pur-
pose to mislead the judgment of the public. It
can produce no s.uch effect. The people are
too intelligent to be thus deceived; and understand
too well their own rights and interests, to yield to
such suggestions for a;ny suchpurpose.
The proper course to be pursued in relation to
this matter is perfectly clear. It is to proceed
immediately to the work of preparing for the call
of a convention to form a vew constitution, and it
is certainly tihe duty of all good citizens to give
tneir aid in the accomplishment of the work.
Nothing cain be gained by any one by procrasti-
nation; and the sooner a constitution is formed,
the sooner may the whole machinery of govern-
ment under it be put into complete and successful
operation. This must, unquestionably, be the
wa'-m and ardent desire of every liberal mind and
patriotic heart; and we indulge the hope that,
not withstanding the excitement which has existed,
party feeling and party strife will be so far laid
aside as to enable men of both parties to unite
with heart ,ntd hand, in preparing for the fbrm
of a constitution worthy of the age and the
State in which we live.

I perceive, that some of the newspapers con-
tinue to insist that I am about to go to Annapoiis,
and unite with the twenty-one electors in the
election of a State Senate. Nothing th t I have
said justifies such statements. After I returned
from Annapolis, having signed the address to the
people of Mu3..'yiand, with eighteen other electors,
I said public) that I would not go again to An-
napolis to elect a Senate, unless instructed to do
so, by a majority of those who had elected me :
and that I would not, even if such instructions
were given, assist to make a Senate, until I was
firit fully satisfied that the other eighteen gentle-
men, who have signed the address with me, could
justly say thai I had fulfilled .ll the engagements
into which I have entered with them. Several
weeks have passed since 1 made these public de-
clarations, and no such instructions have been
given to me; neither do I believe that any consi-
derable portion of my political friends wish me to
go again to Annapolis as an Elector of Senate.
This being the case, I desire to say distinctly, that
I have neither heard nor seen any thing to make
me change the opinion- expressed in the address
to the people of Maryland; nor have I any inten-
tion whatever to change the position taken by rne
in that address. This statement is given in the
hope that it will assist to quiet the excitement,
which unfortunately, and without good cause,
prevails. The people of Maryland, when once
well satisfied that they have the power to amend
the old constitution or the State, or form anew one,
by choosing delegates to a convention, will pro-
ceed, I have no doubt, to elect their delegates to
a convention for that purpose. And I am equally
confident that my friends and neighbors of Anne
Airundel county, of all political parties, have too
much good sense and love of country, to refuse to
meet the people of other counties of the State,
to arrange all our public affairs, so as to produce
general content and prosperity: It is proposed
that each county shall send an equal number of
delegates to the convention, and in such a body,
no man ought to doubt, that all parts of the State,
will find complete protection for all kinds of pro.
perty, and all possible public and private inter-
ests. I am, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
BALTIMORE, Oct. 11, 1836.

The whigs are still showing up General Harri-
son in Pennsylvania. He was received the other
day, with all the circumstances of pomp and pa-
rade, at Reading. But, if we may place any con-
fid-nce in the Newark (N. J.) Eagle, his presence
is not very well calculated to advance his preten-
sions. "We are assured, (says that paper,) by an
intelligent gentleman from Elizabethtown, that
his vo'e in that town will be diminished, in conse-

quence of his visit, at least one hundred. His
conduct and conversation evinced him to be, in
point of manners and mental capacity, below the
ordinary standard of the society of that ancient
and enlightened borough. They could not en-
ldure the idea of a person of his calibre being a
candidate for the office of President of the United
States. Similar has been the effect of his visit to
Newark." But these people are not gifted with
the inspiration of our Richmond prophet. They
are not acquainted with the fleshmarks, and could
not recognize in him ",he next President of the
U united Statecs."-Richmnond Eqnquirer.

Tihe wvhigs are trying to make a show of hopE,
but vwe are much mistaken if the party ever felt
themselves in greater" straits before. But for ap-
parl-ent success in North Carolina, they would "be
laid out cold." They have, in fact, nothing to
hope for but defeat. Before the people, White ia
out of the question; and in the issue between Har-
rison and Van Buren we find many honest whigs
who either prefer Van Buren, or say they will vote
for neither. The Janus-faliced whig- ticket is kill-
ing the party. None but those who prefer the
devil to Van Buren can swallow it; and faithful a'-
"lf.i..m n e frt o m t'r\nr 01, '-h +r, !ii / T I t .. ..... n -, +I,:-- .

A little pressure in this most important medi-
um of the public trade has been felt: it is the re-
sult of the measures of precaution taken by our
banks to ward off the effects of any contingency
which might drain their vaults. They were mos
liberal in their discotmnts during the summer, and
the demand upon them has been very great by
reason of the immense and continued speculations
in real estate. The war in Mexico and the great
deficiency in the importation of specie occasioned
by that event, has ikduced them to prepare for
the worst, but nothing has existed save the appre-
hension to warrant the slightest alarm. Within
the two last days money has been more easy and
we have reason to believe that there will be no
further pressure. We are informed that the
banks have made arrangements to sell exchange in
Mexico, by which means a supply of specie
greater than any possible emergency may re-
quire will flow in upon us.
We have stated the only reason to which the
embarrassment is attributable, and it suggests
its own remedy. As to the attempt to make it
appear that it is owing to the much talked of or-
der from the Secretary of the Treasury, requir-
ing specie in payment for the public lands, one
question is sufficient to put that point to rest. How
can that order prove detrimental when the specie
does not remain in the land offices, but is trans-
ferred immediately to the deposit banks?-New
Orleans Bee.

To the Editor of the New Orleans Bee.
Pensacola Bay, Sept. 28, 1836.
SIR: The United States Sloop of War Natchez,
will be off the S. W. pass of the Mississippi by
the 5th October next, and will take under con-
voy American vessels "having regular clearances
from the custom-house, bound to Matamoras,
Tampico, or Vera Cruz."
Commodore Dallas requests that you will insert
this notice for the information of the merchants f
Newi Orleans.

- -.1-1

Front te' Fncattle (Pa.) Demorat.
The scheme, however, of dividing the Jackson
party by the defection of Judge White, has re-.
sutilted in a total failure, except so far, perhaps, as
Tennessee is concerned. The whigs, after trying
his popularity at the two last elections in Virginia,
and having their candidates for Congress and the
State Legislature defeated under his flag, o ly re.
tain him nomrnidly a.s a canwida' e, to ,Qt t'hejack-
all to Win. it. Hlarrison, by makir.g- the Hiarrison
ticket, by the use of lhis name, a little more pala.
table to the States right party, who could not, for
shame, vote for Hlarrison, wi) hais never bad a
single principle or feeling in common with them.
They have therefore only one ticket in Virginia
for White and Harrison, leaving the ele-ctors at
liberty to vote for either of them that may bc most
likely to defeat the e'ectiun of Ma'rtin Van Buren,
the democratic republican candidate; thus, felt.
low-citizens, you see Judge White deserting hi
party, and throwing hiU whole influence into
the scale of William H. Harrison, the blue
light federalist, the high tariff man, the ad.
vocate of the Alien and Sed:tion laws, the
warm friend of the United States Bank, advo-
cate of an extravagant system of intern d improve.
ments by Congress, and the friend of the univer-
sal emancipation of our slaves-running on the
same ticket with Francis Granger, the moAt busy.
zealous bhb;ing abolitionist in either House of
Congress. Can you, or will you support such a
ticket? 1 answer unhesitatingly no-you can never
support such a high-toned ledera'ist as WVm. H.
Harrison, nor will you be duped by sutich an un-
principled apostate as'Hugh L. White, who has
forfeited all claim to your support, by his unmanly
desertion of the party, that he had heretofore
acted with, and who as the Richmond Whig has
said, would be "elected if elected at all, by the
votes of the whigs, and he will naturally and ne-
cessarily select his councillors from their runks; and
modify his measures according to their views." In
order to show you a little of tlie gentleman's in-
consistency, I will exhibit to you the following
votes taken from the Journals ot theSenate:
Before'Judge White was no- But after Judge WTffte wa ,
minted by the Whigs, nominated by the Whigs,
through the agency of Mr. through the agency of Mr.
Bell. Bell.
1st. He voted against Mr. 1st. lie voted against ex.
Clay's resolution to censure plunging from the Journal of
Gen Jackson for removing the Senate, the resolution of
the deposits. censure against tha Presi-
2d. lie voted against Mr. 2d. He voted (or Mr. Clay's
Clay's Land Bill, and approved Land Bill.
of Gen. Jackson's veto.
3d. lie was in favor of 3d. Hle voted against Judga
Judge Taney, when General Taney, when General Jackson
Jackson nominated him to the nominated him to the office of
office of Judge of the Supreme Chief Justice of tha Supremo
Court, and voted for him also, Court,
when he was nominated as Se-
cretary of the Treasury.
4th. He voted for Mr. Ste- 4th. He voted against Mr.
venson as Minister to Eng- Stevenson as Minister to Eng-
land. land.
5th. Hle voted for Mr. Kendall 5th. He voted against Mr.
as Fourth Auditor. Kendall for the office of Post-
master General. -
If you want federal whigs to rule over you, you
can vote for Judge White, Daniel Webster, or
Winm. H. Harrison, but I cannot possibly see how
any sincere friend of the present administration
can give his vote consistently for either of the
batch. This'unpeJged "double shotted" Harri-
son and White ticket, is the most barefAcedt at-
tempt to gull the sovereign people, and -cheat
them out ot the election of President that I have
ever heard of: but I know that you are too intelli-
geht to be caught in the trap that the cunning
whigs have set for you, to make you instrumental
in transferring your own rights to a set of mer-
cenary politicians in Congress, who mnght barter
away the vote of your State to him who would
promise the best offices in return for it, as in the
memorable bargain and sale between John Quincy
Adams and Henry Clay, in 1824-5. Awake,
then, from your lethargy, and prepare for immedi-
ate action.-Fincastle (Va.) Democrat.

From the New Jersey Eagle.
On Saturday evening we received a latter from
a correspondent residing in Butler county, Ohio,
under date of the 30th ultimo. This letter gives
the most cheering intelligence from that State.
The writer says he has been thirty-fout- years a
resident of Ohio, and always watching the political
horizon; and, says he, I must venture to predict
that Harrison will not get the vote of Ohio, and I
very much doubt if he gets one -State west of the
Alleghany." "I know Harrison," says h,, "l;ke
a book, and have read him through and through,
and quite as well as if I had wintered h'm-some
traits in his character and conduct are !o:b scanda-
lous for publication. I will spare him, h.o ver.
I only wish my dear New Je sey and the eastern
States knew him as he i%, p 'mpered sou.mding
brass and tinkling cymbal While relating his
tales of wo in public conpa-:y, I have heard him
publicly pronounced a LIAR t"v two or threee wit-
nesses of the same transaction. (0 a ne, where
is thy blush! Bets are freely made here that he
will not get the electoral vote of any one State in
the Union. Great changes have recently taken
place within my knowledge. Very mary men of
talents and influence have espoused the cause of
Van Buren anti Johnson, who never c)iid be in-
duced tr' vote for General Jackson. K'2ntucky is
the only State west of the Alleghanies where he
stands any chance of success, and I very much
doubt whether he will get even that State.

,... ........-....

y ~ ~ ** ^ ai -' i,' W -
To tho Editors of the Globet
So much has been written on the subject of
Maryland politics by those who only partially un-
derstand them, or wish to seize upon that, as they
d6 every other subject, as a theme for party de-
clamation, that I beg to be permitted to add a
few suggestions to the correct views which have
alrea'ly found a place in your columns. Belong-
ing to the reform party, and anxious that we
should stand ere( t in the opinion of the great
American family, I, for one, amn willing to submit
to the surveillance which is exercised over us by
the people of other States, and request them only
to examine before they decide. The mFterials
for such a decision consist of a few facts and still
fewer principles. It is not my purpose, At pre-
cent, to pass even the whole of these in review,
but to consider the leading principle against us,
that being the one upon which our adversari s
rely with most confidence, and which they bring
up, as Bonaparte did his imperial guard, when.
ever the pressure makes it necessary. It is said
that the constitution of Maryland prescribes the
mode of its own alteration, viz: by the acts of
two successive Legislatures; and, therefore, a re-
sort to a convention is an expedient, not only un-
known to our system, but revolutionary. Hence
the party calling themselves "constitutional re-
formers" go for such reform, and such only, as
may be accorded by the fiee grace of the Legisla-
ture, sanctioned by the permis.-ion of another Le-
gislature after an interval of twelve months, arid
issuing from the very minority, whose domination
is the precise subject of complaint. The acts i,
the case respecting the unequal distribution of
power in propoition to population, as they have
been stated not only recently, but for years past,
have not been, and cannot be, disputed; nor can
any intelligent citizen of Maryland be ignorant of
thie discontent which has been growing in tem-
per, and spreading in extent, for a long time past.
The sudden outbreak which has just taken place,
may have startled those whose attention has not
been directed to our domestic concerns; but all
those who noticed the assemblage of a respectable
convention ofth1e friends of reform at the Seat of
Government last winter, under the very eye and in
o.ie of the halls of the Legislature, then in session,
and who observed that convention separate w.th a
detrcrmnination to send to the House of Delegates,
this winter, such men only as would secede from
or abandon their seats, if the Legislature should
refuse to call a convention with n thIe first thlirtn
dAys of the session; I say those who attended to
this demonstration of public sentiment, must have
been aware what deep, deep, dissatisfaction exist-
ed in a large proportion, if not a majority, of the
people. It is perhaps fortunate that an occasion
has presented itself in which the anciert and de-
crepid constitution lias been permitted to expire
tranquilly of old age, rather than to have be u ex-
posed to the danger of a violent death. Had the
contemplated secession of the representatives of
a majority of the people taken place during the
approaching winter, produced by the same feeling
which lihas actuated the nineteen electors, of utter
despair of obtaining justice in any other manner,
the consequences might have been more serious
than they are likely to be now. It is a singular
fact, that the same party who are struggling to
keep the yoke of a minority on the necks of a ma-
jority, are identically the same persons who are
pursuing a course in our national affairs, which is
calculated to throw the election of President into
the Hlouse of Representatives, where only a mi-
nority of the people can succeed. There would
seem to be something captivating to them, in ruling
a majority against its will. They fear that an elec
tion of a Governor by the people of Maryland,
which would doubtless be the consequence of
adopting a new c institution, would. tear from their
tenacious grasp the power which they aow wield,
and hence the obstinacy with which reform is re-
The theory of the "constitutional reformers,"
that the original right of the people of a State to
form a constitution for themselves, is forever ex-
hausted when once exercised, and can never be
reclaimed, seems to me to be in i hostility to the
spirit of a popular and republican government.
It p!.tcesin one generation the power of condemn-
ing their posterity to submit to serious evils, or re-
sort to open violence for redress. Thtrie is no
other alternative in a case where one portion of' a
Stat. has outgrown the other; so that power,
equally distributed at firs% has becomrm vested,
p, manently vested, in, and perseveringly exer-
c sd by, t minority, which refuses voluntarily
to part w.th its gradually acquired gains. Every
avenue by which a refrmation can be effected, i.
carefully shut up. Remonstrance is unheeded.
Argument is laughed to scorn. As well might
the impanie,,i steed hold discourse with his rider,
and persuade him to dismount. The answer in
both cases would be the same-a fresh application
of the curb and thie spur. The theory which 1
am considering, leaves entirely out of view m.l re-
gard to the fact, whether a majority of the people
of the State are discontented or not, for it covers
the whole'ground by asserting, that whether they
are so or not, a majority of the members of thie
Legislature must assent to a r( form, or no reform
can be had. No matter whether or not a cold

and sullen acquiescence in the Government be
substituted for that cheerful, warm hearted affec-
tion, which alone can secure the enactment of
good laws, or their faithful observance when pass-
ed; no matter whether or not every feeling of
State pride is torn up by the roots from the
hearts of more than half its people; no matter
how large a proportion of inhabitants have their
voices stifled for all practical purposes in the legis-
lative and executive branches of government, still,
if a majority of counties will not agree to a change,
there can be none, because, sixty years ago, our
ancestors so ordained it. I have always supposed
the difference between the free institutions of thts
country and other countries to be, that here the
people established them by their own authority,
.and in Eiurope they sprung from a grant of their
rulers. 'Evcn the members of the Holy Alliance
were willing, in their policy or liberality, to grant
some approximation towards liberal institutions;
but then they must be accepted a.; a favor from
the crown; and if we have conicme to that pass in
Maryland, that the people of the State are no
longer their own masters, we must indeed call
upon the Union to guaranty to us a republican
form of government. Otherwise, we have such
masters as chance may give us, not such rulers as
we may choose to place over us. Every govern-
ment should be built upon some fixed principles,
which, although unchangeable in themselves, may
expand or contract their practical e effect to suit the
shilling necessity of the time. If this is done, the
principle becomes the gentle and healthy retbformer,
and rio other is needed. But if the government be
founded wholly on an artificial basis, ii flexible,
unyielding, having no play, and making no allow-
ance for the innovations of time, the consequence
must be at last that principle and practice recede
gradually from each other, until a yawning chasm
is interposed between them. I am not unmindful
that some writers have attempted to mystify our
claim, ky comparing it to a right in the majority of
the people of the United States to change the Fe-
deral Constitution; but there is nio analogy be-
tweeon the two cases. If sav that tl o ,,ewh .m-l,-

al been ttih(retto ti r & thers, arid Maryland, gtate ran o i oigei' ermt b1lA| crdt, oi ak
when maintaining an honorable competition with them a legal tender, both of which she once did
her sisters, must rely mainly upon hier inheritance under her constitution. Who stripped her of that
of distinguished names. But, thank heaven! power? R convention of the people. Her Governor
there is still sufficient virtue, intelligence, and pa- could once lay an embargo upon vessels and pro-
triotism to be truAt d to do what our fathers did duce. Now, he cannot. Why not? The answer w
before us. still is, that a convention of the people have changed 9
But the argument of the "constitutional re. the constitution. It is useless to follow out these v
former" is, that no change can legitimately be illustrations. It is suffice ently manifest, that in
made except in the mode agreed upon by our an- resorting to the power of the people, in conven- b
cestors, and that a convention to refoi)rm the con- tion assembl-d to change the constitutional we are
stitut'on, is abodyunkno n to our history. If 1 doing no new thing. Those who think that a tl
show that i-ince the adoption of this constitution, a pow r to alter it for one purpose, and a power ti
convention has actually met for thie purpose of to alter it for another purpose, are different
changing its most important features, that some powers, must find an authority for the distinction a
of its articles have been mutilated or stricken out, ia the constitution of 1776, which is universal in to
that the State itself has lost some of itsun- its hinguage. It is for them to show, that the E
questionable attributes of sovereignty, by the au- a ;option of the Federal Constitution by two suc- b
thorit\ of this convention, and this too without cessive Legislatures, would not have been effectual ti
any subsequent confirmation by a vote of the peo- to change that of the State. If they cannot show t
pie, or even a single act of the Legislature, we this, then I say, that a reference of the question to I
shall have gained a strong precedent in our flavor, a convention by the Legislature was an unequivo- r
All this, I assert, has been done. A convention cal admission, that there existed a power in the f,
has acted in the name and on behalf of the people people to change their cons 4ution, and behind f
of the State. The alleged exclusive power of the sarfction of this lofty precedent, 1 take shelter s
the legislature was quietly set aide, and no on-, in from the charges of revolutionary and jacobinical c
that day, thought of raising the outcry of "revo conduct, which are profusely showered upon f
lution." The sovereignty of the State has come every man who calls himself (
down to us mutilated, and no one complains. Her A MARYLAND REFORMER. (
powers of legislation and taxation are restricted t
and crippled. When she attempted to exert MARYLAND. s
them, she was baffled by the barriers with which The whiggies of Maryland are doing themselves c
this convention hemmed her in. She retreated up in fine style. Their leaders pretend to be t
from both the federal courts and her own courts, awfully alarmed. We anticipate nothing like t
discomfitted by the power which this convention anarchy or bloodshed. The people want a new p
built up, beating in vain against the bars of her constitution, and have a right to form one; and
cage; and yet, with this spectacle upon our re they will rejoice in having an opportunity to act in t
cords, we are told that a convention of the people the premises. Even the whigs are, as a party, in t
is unknown to our history. favor of reform; and we shall be deceived, if the
It must be admitted, for no logic can evade the efforts of the advocates of the rotten borough sys.
conclusion, that if the constitution of the State tern to identify Van buren with the reform ques.
shall be found, at any given time, to be no longer tion, do not cause thousands to abandon the whigs t
what it was in 1776, and no two acts of the Le- and espouse democratic principles. The line will
gislature can be foiind which purport to make soon be drawn between thIe supporters of corrup- I
such alteration, then the change must have been tion, tyranny, and fraud, and the advocates ofjus-
effected in some other mode; and if a convention twice, equality, and liberal principles.-Louisville t
shall be found to have existed, professing to make Public .dvertiser.
those very alterations, acquiesced in by common
consent as well as by al courts of law, then it is ALL OUT OF FASHION.
clear, that the convention must be considered as Hollo! you whig papers in Vermont. The
the source of the power, by which such changes humbug story about Van Buren's being a Roman f
were wrought. Catholic is all out of fashion. It appears that the
Or the 3d of July, 1776, the provincial conven- whigs have found out some place where the Me-
tion, then sitting at Annapol s, adopted a series of thodists are rather unpopular, and are now endea-
resolutions, the first of which is as follows: boring to make out that Mr. Van Buren is a Me-
"Jlesolvead, That a new convention be elected thodist. We cut the following from a late oppo-
for the express purpose of forming a new govern- sition paper:
ment, by the authority of the people only, and en- Van Buren is now said to be a Methodist.
acting and ordering all things for the preserva- This accounts for his having been bawling 'Glory'
tion, safety, and general weal of this colony." so long."
The convention thus elected to form a new go- This thrust at a highly respectable ldeno-nina-
vernment, BY AUTHORITY OF THE P9OPLE ONLY, tion of Christians is in perfect keeping with
met on the 14th of Augsst, 1776, and continued whiggery.
in session until the llth of November, when they "1Church and State" is their motto, an I there-
adjourned, having :adopted a constitution, the fore they are constantly exhibiting their prefer-
59th section of which declares, that the form of ence for one class. of Christians and denouncing
government should not be altered, charged, or others. This last attack is unparalleled in heart-
abolished, unltss by the acts of two successive lessness and unblushing impudence.
legislatures. Under this constitution, the legis- But we only notice the paragraph as an "item
lature had power to impose what duties they chose of fashion" in the 'lying campaign" of wlhiggery,
upon foreign commerce, to emit bills of credit, and so that the little seven by nine federal papers in
make them a legal tender, to tax whatever they the country need not all be out of fashion, and
thought proper within the State, and to exercise continue to reiterate the "old lie" that Mr. Van
most, if not all, of the attributes of sovereignty. Buren is a Rorm-in Catholic. Your senior whigs
Even the Governor had power to "lay an em- in the cities have given up that humbug entirely.
bargo to prevent the departure of any shipping, -Vermont drgus.
or the exportation of any commodities." All these
powers were exercised at discretion for more OMINOUS.
than twelve years, when a radical change took The first flag, says the Harrisburg Reporter of
place, ten times as radical as that which is now the 6th inst. hoisted by our antimasonic Commi--
proposed to be effected; and what was legal be- sioners on the spite of the c(e, rt house steeple last
came illegal; what was constitutional became un- spring, in honor of the Notth Bender, was corn-
constitutional. All this was done by a convention posed of the Union stripes, ar.d underneath, on a
acting, as the first had done, in the name and on white fi-ld, the name of Gen. William H. Harrison,
behalf of the people. The legislature in that day in big black letters, with sundry small sentences
had the sagacity to see, and the candor to admit, too little to be read well without the assistance of
that the people could do what they chose with a telescope. This, for a time, like the principles
their: -own. No claim was set utip that the constita- of the party that raised it, waved proudly and fit-
tion was intangible except by two legislatures ; fiuly to every wind that blew. Sometimes it flut-
no voice was heard in favor of a theory which de- tered north, sometimes south, sometimes west, and
teaches the custody of that instrument from the sometimes to every other point of the compass;
hands of its natural parents, to place it under but at length a storm came, and the rains beat, and
the exclusive care of artificial guardians. No the winds blew, and the stitching that united the
one, in short, denied the right and power of the General to the stripes gave way-the union was
people to govern themselves, completely separated, and while the emblem of
On the 26th of May, 1787, the following act of the states floated triumphantly in the air, the.
Assembly was passe(l: name of General Harrison drooped, and wound it-
"An act forthe appointment of, and conferring self around the flagstaff for support. Thestripes
powers in, deputies from this State to the Federal would not support it. In thle course of time this
convention, flag was taken down and replaced by another of
"Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Mary- similar import, in which all the ingenuity of the
land, That the honorable James M'Henry, Daniel friends of the General had to be put in requisition
of St. Thomas J.enifer, Daniel Carroll, John Fran- to prevent the former ominous appearance of the
cis Mercer and Luther Martin, Esquires, be ap- favorite standard. All manner of stitching and
pointed and authorized on behalf of this State, to contrivances were resorted to, to cement insepara-
meet such deputies as may be appointed and au- bly the Union and the General, but it won't do.
thorized by any otherofthe United States to assein- The winds and the rains of Heaven have again shi-
ble in convention at Philadelphia, for the purpose vered it into tatters; its lower fastening to the staff
of revising' the federal system, and to join with has given way, and it is now 'streaming like a me-
them in considering" such alterations and further teor to the troubled air." It will now greet the
provisions as may be necessary to tender the fed- General, on his arrival in this place, which is ex-
eral constitution adequate to the exigencies of the pected to day, more in 'shape of a tattered, drag-
Union, and in reporting such an act for that pur- gled petticoat, tied up by one string, than the ban-
pose to the United States in Congress assembled, ner of a military hero.-Doylestown Democrat.
as, when agreed to by them, and duly confirmed

by the several States, will cffectua ly provide for To our friends, we say-" be up and doing."
the same; and the said deputies, or such of them Our prospects were never fairer. Kentucky is
as shall attend the said convention, shall have full not lost. On the contrary, we feel assured that
power to represent the State for the purposes the good cause is daily gaining strength, and that
afores.id; and the said deputies are hereby direct- there are but few whig counties in which the ma-
ed to report the proceedings of the said conven- jorities of that party will not be diminished, and
tion, and any act agr. ced to therein, to the next few democratic counties in which we shall n ut dis-
session of the General Assembly of this State." play increased strength. Firmness, activity, and
Let tis pautise for a moment to mark the guarded harmonious action, will convince our opponents
phraseology of this act. The deputies are direct- that the hunters of Kentucky are not a transfera-
ed to join in considering such alterations as, when ble commoditfy..-lb.
duly confirmed by the several States, will effectually ,
provide, &c. and to report any act agreed to, to
the next s ssion of the General assembly. Know- ThIe New York Star frequently copies the tin-
ing that the State constitution gave the power meaning remarks of the LouisvilleJournal, giving
of its alteration to two succcss.ve legislatures, credit to the Louisville Adve ;er. Thie practice,
(which all admit) and supposing that the federal to say the least of it, is indirect forgery. We have
convention would propose the grant of some few now before us an article on the Treasury Circular,
additional powers to the confederacy, which credited to the Advertiser, which, in about a sixth
might with propriety be assented to in the ordi- of a column, embraces an amount of abuse and
nary course of legislation, without stirring up the flsehood which we should be ashamed to own,
fountains of the great deep, they directed a report and never uttered.--lb.
to be made to the next General Assembly, that i.is----., s
the alterations might be put upon their passage. NEW ORLEANs PRICE CJURrENT.-Ai usual, on
But when they found that the proposition was to 1st October, Mr. Levy, in his valuable Commitr-
erect an entire government instead of enlarging the cial Intelligecer, presents his friends and the pub-
powers of the confederacy, and thus overrule tile li with a statement of the imports and exports
State constitution in many of its most important in anl from the city of New Orleans. The pre-
fectures, they wisely resolved to appeal at once a nmer it of en ere
to the great source of authority, instead of taking sent number includes a period of ten years, and
it upon th mselves to decide a qircstion of such may be said to embrace the business of that time,
magnitude. Atp the Novemeras far as it was possible for any work to do so, ar-
magnttitude. At the November session of 1787, a of anged in tables, under their appropriate heads,
resolution was passed directing a convention of _copensv advtsmle a-
in a most comprehensive and yet simple man-
the people to be held ftor the purpose oft decidinger.
the point, whether the constitution of the State Upon referring to the tables, it will be 6een that
should give way to the controlling and supreme of cotton fom New Orleans, r the
authority thus proposed to be introduced. I can- r exports of cotton from Ne Orleans, for the
not find a copy of ths resolution or I would insert last twelve monr states ths, at ount to 493,00ah bales but
it. Should any one, who may happen to read the editor states that the total amount that has
it. Should any one, who may happen to refu passed out of the mouth of the Mississippi is 498,-
these remarks, be able to obtain it, I respectfully 094 bales, there having been exported from Nat-
to 094 bales, there having' been exported from Nat-
request him to give it to the press. Ihis impor- chez, this year, 5089 bales direct, viz: 4841 to
tant decision was intended to be made, and was Liverpool, and 248 to New York.
re~de by hecenvention, without appeal, either Li verpoo~l, and 248 to New York.
mde, by ihe convention, without appeal, either Of sugar, the clearances from New Orleans, for
* to the Legislature or people, the year, amount only to 5677 hhds. and 3138 bbls.
venti Mon et at Annapolis, t April, 18 the con- I Of this quantity, 2100 hhds. 1799 bbls. passed off
Svention met at Annapohs, electing George Plater, byayofthe Pontchartrain railroad, principally
nrpsfint. f andI debapted the bipct refpered to I 1 11 -1- by1 1 b y


From the Journal qf Cownmevct.
By the packet ship Samson, Capt. Chadwick,
we have received London papers to September
th, aad by the St. Andrew, Capt. Thompson, Li-
erpool papers to the 10th.
It will be seen that the French Cabinet had
cen re-constructed, with M. Mole at its head.
Letters from Smyrna, dated 5th ult. represent
ie ravages of the plague on the coast of Troy as
ruly frightful.
Lndon money market Sept. 6.-There has been
considerable stir made during tire week relative
a discounting United States bills. Tlhe Bantik of'
England, and we believe several of tihe leading
banks in London, had tacitly combined to discon-
intte such discounts, for the reason that it favors
he facilities for the transmission of bullion to the
United States; and not on account of any want of
espectability in the parties whose names were at-
ixed to these bills; some of which were of the
first respectability in the city of Londont. A great
ensation having been created by t 's refusal to
discount both in town and country, a deputation
ri'om Liverpool waited on the bank, and the rasuit
)t, a long interview was, that the bank agreed to
discount stch bills as were in the fair way of
trarle, but at the same time the bank declared it-
self anxious and disposed to discountenance any
discounts which could have thie effect of aiding
he transmission of bullion from thii country to
the United States, There the matter rests for the
We are informed that the Joint Stock Banks in
the country are increasing in public esteem; and
that they are much more banks for deposite and
discount than for the issue of notes. The last re-
turns show that their circulation is only three mil-
lioa, whilst that of the Bank of England is thirty-
two nrillions, and thii three millions is partly in
3oniequence of a great number of private banks
having merged into .Joi:! Stock Banks.
September 7T.-TL'iu greatest interest continues
to p. evail as to the r- sult of thie operation of tihe
Bank of England upon the money and cornmerci.-i
markets of this country. It is admitted, eve.i by
their friends, that the bank have attempted to
check the influx of foreign bills which were forced
from their natural market by the vcry act of the
bank itself; as we explained yest, rday. It should
be rinemnbered that on the circulation of 18 mnil
lions of public capital, the most prominent transac-
tion of the Government during the past three
years, the Bank of England Direction, at the in-
stance of their dictator, the Chancellor of the Ex-
chequer, extended their issLues in order to carry oni
his bungling measures of finance; so that, in plain
words, the rate of interest was reduced to three
per cenrt, at thle period when in the United States,
a country not blessed with a national dubt at all, it
was wo'lh from 10 to 12 per cent. President Jack-
son has been keen enough to avail himself of the
mostimportant advantage that ever a yo!"ig coun-
try obtained over an old one; he raised by his
mint operations a premium upon gold to tihe
United States, and by altering the standard, ot
the Gold Eagle, so that it could return to
the European market with a profit of nearly seven
per cent, he laid the foundation of a prosperity
that mniade hard moncy sti:l valuable in the United
States, ard rendered it profitable to send the com-
me-cial paper of that country for discount. This
is tie secret of the plenitude of American bills in
thi; market for discount. Were the Bank o(
Ergland to sanction the turning of them into bank
pa-er, they are well aware that the bulk of tlhe
proceeds of that paper would be drawn in gold
to make a profit of -even per cent. on the bullion,
inaddition tothe difference of the rate of intercsi
between the two countries. Thus the bank di-
rertors have been cutting off their noses, as i1
wtre, to be revenged of their faces. It is under-
stiod that the eminent firms whose paper was re-
jeted a few days ago have taken up all that paper
It i; also pretty well known that the bank, in theih
fea', have determined to cripple our' international
conmerce. We wish it were in our power to de-
ny .; but a strong rumor prevails that they are
pursuing their reckless course, even in the rnidcs
of nore confidence than has prevailed for years.
W( trust, and almost feel sure, that thie sotin(K
provincial joint stock banks, the private courrtr3
banks, as well as thIe London bankers, aaill adopt
sich measures of caut iou as will defeat t+.e bani;
direction, and prevent them from being the alphu
aid omega of commercial distress.
Money for commercial purposes is rather easier;
but the Stock Exchange does not wear ever the
firmness of yesterday.
SEP'T. 8. The anxiety of the public as to wha
ma{ be the result or the proceedings of the bani
parlor, has in no wise abated. A rumor has pre
vaiied, that it w as seriously discussed, that a pro
position was made by one of the Solons of tha
sanduum, to advance the rate of interest to 6 pe
cent, but this was merely circulated in ridicule o
thIeirlate proceedings; the exact result of their de
liberations has not transpired. There has beer
Po alteration in the character of the money mar
ket, either as regards advances upon commerce
paper or stock. The transactions in the Britisi
funds have not been marked with any degree o
activity. Consols closed as they did last evening
at 90^ a money; for account they left off a

90j a 1.
In the foreign market the transactions hav,
been limited to Spanish and Portuguese bonds
The market for tihe former stock has been cor
sideribly stimulated by the reported arrival her
of a (azztte copy (f the decrees of the Quee
Rcgert's Government, ordainintg a forced loan o
two millions sterling, one half of which is to b
Applied to the service of the army, the otli,-r t
thIe payment of the dividends. 'This newF, in coi
juctioui with the accounts that the Junta of Cadi
had dissolved in consequence of the Quieen Ut
gent's acceptance of the constitution--alabga be
ing also unaderstool to have determined upon thi
like resolve-caused Spanish bonds to advance
f'(nn 301 to 321j, but they closed at 31-, Pa1
sive bonds are 91, and deferred 14.
From the Glagow Courier.
Thle M.oney MVarket.-We are very unwilling t
excite unnecessary alarm by any statement on th
subject of thie money market which might afffcc
the general prosperi-y by which we are surround
ed; but a variety of circumstances leads us to at
pr-hend, that a mercantile convulsion is nut ver
remote. It is most certain, both from the preser
hig-h rate of discount and the restrictions which
she is imposing on the prevalent facilities for ol:
gaining" pecuniary accommniodation, that' thIe Baii
of England is laborit'- under some such appr(
het:nsio:i. There can be no doubt that rn.oney
becoming scarce, and consequently dear, through
out England; but ihe circumstance that strikes L
as of most consequence, '-s the fact, that bills art
forwarded both from i .)ndon, the centre of a
wealth, and several ef'the larger English towns, 1
Glasgow for discoun.-that is, from the clheape
to tihe dearest market. Our exceli nt bankin
system, it is true, gives us many advantages; br
it is inconceivable, were not the first wave of pre
sure approaching, that a great mercantile prince
pie should 1 be, so obviously contravened. Then
is no commodity, the supply of which is liable i
such fatal fluctuations as money; and it appeal
plain to us, that the feeling in the higher merca
tile circles in England is, that it is about to susta
- L -P f I 1 ,4 ; -- .. 1 1F 1_ I 1

dlli in the piggling'. iivenr to the L1st stage Or'
famine, they opened the body, took Out the
liver, which they ate, and occasionally cut pieces
from the body (although with the most revolting
disgust) to sustain life for a season, ([Part of the
body was seen by the men of the Volunteer.] On
the evening before their providential discovery,
one of the boys became delirious, and screamed
for his father and mother, and pi ayed of his fel.
low sufferers not to eat him as they did the
body of the man. The poor boy died in the night,
as did another man, and they committed their
bodies to the deep. The six survivor, landed
here on .' edneslay, the 31t of August, and on
Saturday the master will proceed iome.-Hull
DovER, Sept. r.--Yesterday at 2 o'clock, pur-
suant to an order issued from the Admiralty, a
squadron of superanuated ships of the line, frigates,
and other government vessels, were put up for sale
hy Dutch auction, in the hall of' the Admiralty of-
fice, Somerset place. The ships and vessels sold
were the following:
Guns. Tong. Lying at. Sold for.
Scarborough 74 1745 Deptfbrd 6.220
Surly, lighter 137 Chatham, no bidder
Greenwich 74 1754 Portsmouth 5,310
Salisbury 58 1199 Portsmouth, no bid.
Swallow, packet brig 236 Plymouth 1,000
Zephyr, packet brig 228 Plyaouth 640
Experiment 44 892 Liverpool 1,4';0
Santa Margarita 36 993 Liverpool 1,710
Purchasers of King's ships are not allowed to
refit any vessel larger than a sloop; all others
must be broken up, nor is the agent of a foreign
State allowed to purchase them.
Euphrates Expedition.--Recovery of the Tigris.
We lsarn, by advices received by way of Alexan-
dria from his Majesty's consul at AXexandretta,
that the iron steamer Tigris, forming part of the
Euphrates expedition, the loss of which we lately
reported as having been caused by a squall on tIhe
riv,-r Euphrates, has been recovered. She was
found with her keel upwards a few days after the
accident, without having suff'Cred material jury.
The last advices from Colonel Chesney state that
the expedition was doing well.-AM.iLta Gazette.
R organization (f the French Minf.sry.-The
Monitcur of Sept. 7th, contains a seroe; of Royal
ordonriances, appointing
M. Mole, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Pre-
sident of the Council.
M. Guizot, Minister of Public Instruction.
M. Persil, Minister of Justice.
M. Duchatel, Minister of Finance.
M. Gaspain, Minister of the Interior.
Admiral Rosamel, Minister of Marine.
Another series of ordonnances accepts the re-
signations of" Marsaal Maison, Minister of the War
Department, and of M. Passy, the Minister of
Commerce and the Public Works. Admiral Ro-
samrel is to fi;l the former station ad interim, and
M. Duchatel to replace M. Passy until his succes-
sor shall have been appointed.
Count de Montalivet resumes his former post of
[n!en(dtant-General of the King's Household, and
B -ron Fain, who held that office, has been ap-
poanted Grand Officer of the Legion of IHonor,
First Secretary of the King's Cabinet, Honorary
Intendant-General of the Civil List, and charged
ad interim with its administration.
Count D'Arguut likewise resumes his situation
as Governor of the BPank of Frince, in consequence
of the resignation of Baron Davillier, who is to
preserve the title of Honorary Governor of the
f lank of Friance.
S THE HAGUE, Sept. 5.-We have received Java
journals of the 9th of April, llth and 14th of May
1 Those of the 8lh of April give an account of the los:
Sof their Dutch Indiaman, Judal Karen, on the 8th o
*. January, 25 English miles fromin the island of Kan
gean, which struck upon a rock and we :c to pieces
SShe was bound from Socraledga to Ambriria, an(
Shad on board 309 men, women and chill:ren
among whom there were a gre t number of native
Sso'diers for the Moluccas.
The people on board had endeavored to escape
I on rafts, but on'y one succeeded, on which thern
- were 63 persons, including Captain Figuelnont
Sthe commander of thIe det-chmeat, who reached(
t Lind after drifting about for eight days. Thcr
* arrived notice of the loss of the ship some tim,
I since, Lit it is feared that the remaining 246 per
V sons have perishes, as the storm whrch (vertool
t them continued fbr three or fout- days; at lea,
= nothing has yet be-n hear- of them.
F -ires in Germr'nq.--HAatUtG, Sept. 2.-DAff'e
rent accounts state that on the 23d August 21
, buildings were destroyed by fire at Reppner, ii
e the Duchy ofiBrunswick, and that on the 28th, ii
the town of Blankenburg, 64 houses, with :
t church, &c. The lots in Blankenburg is estima
r ted at between 350,000 and 400,000 dollars.
IThe beautiful rotunda at 1.imburg, erected o0
- the summit of one of the steepest mountains i
t Germany, near Aix la-Chapelle, was destroyed b:
r fire on the night of the 27dh. A ball had bee:
f given in the evening, which continued till there
- in the morning. Soon after the inmates of th
i hotel were alarmed by the crir:s of fire, and in
- short time the holee edficc was but a mass c
I* smoking ruins.
h The Mercure Be/ga says: "We announced ye,
f terday the terrible fire wh'ch destroyed the Lirr
', burg, near Aix-la-Chapelle; we lear':i to day that
.t much greater devastation has visited the Rhenis

provinces; the magnificent chateau of the Dukec
e Armberg, situated above Dusseldorf, lihas been er
3. tireiy destroyed by the flames. There remrnair
I- only the ruins of that princely mansia'on. We ar
e informed that this misfortune is owing to th care
I l:ssiiess of a workman who left fire on thIe roof."
f VIrSxxa, Aug. 27.-Accounts from Prague, r'(
e ceivei. yesterday, say that tihe cholera begins t
o be more violent there, and it was believed the p(
I- pular festivities at thQ coronation aould not tak
z place. It was said the King of Saxony would
come to the coroi;ation. Thie cholera has considc
rably abated here.
e CONSTANTINOPLE, Atug 10.-Thie town of thl
e )rrdaneiles, which has just been almost total]
Sburnt, containcd a populaUlion of 20,000 souls; it
unknown wliethor the fire originated in evil d(
signs or not. The last batteries have fallen a pre
o to thle flamnes.-Germon Courier.
e PRINTINTI IN EGYPT.-The Geographical Soci
ty of Paris has received the first number of tl
G- geography of Mfalte Brun, published at Cairo, b
' the Chleyk-Rcla'h.
Y By accoun'.s from Cochin China we learn that ti
it insurrection, and consequent disturbances, whi(
Shave prevailed tiiere for the last three or fom
k years, had at length been quel'ed. The count:
was quiet, and in a good state of uefence.
The condition of Spain is wretched in the e
is trerue. There is very little security either fc
-e life or property. A correspondent of the L)ndi
11 Morning Herald writ-s: "The nation is ruined-
:o rh'retneiially ruined, thanks to the financial op
st rations of tile patriotic Ministers an.l the revol
g tionary schemes of thie emigrants of 1823. Th
it state of things cannot last. The present system
s- must fall betbfore long; but it is horrible to I
,i- obliged to think that, previously to its fall, ti
re present agitators in this country, convinced th
to their reign is to be short, will reduce the nation 1
rs beggary, or deluge it in b'ood."
F- LOND:)X, Sept. 5.-Letters from Madrid dov
in to the 27th ult. inclusive, have come to han

dred j'aritst weid takiten pri ner, among which
were four officers. The latter were removed to
Santander on the 27th. An aid-de-camp of Cas.
tor, and nine of his men were killed; thirty were
wounded. TLe Christinos had six killed and
eighteen wounded. Brigadier Don Basilio Gar-
cia and the Colonel of cavalry, Osma, crossed the
Ebro on the 28th, and arrived in the evening at
Allo, Dicastillo, andArroniz, with 5000 men and
300 horses. Garcia will shortly undertake a new
Villareal was, on the 28th, within two leagues oi f
Estella, at the head of fiv battalions.
Rodil reached Vittoria on the 27th.
LOsDON, Sept. 8.-Paris papers of the 6th
contain atconsiderable length the text of the two
decrees of the Queen of Spain, dated the 26th
ult. By the first an immediate arn-iing of 50,000
men is ordered to minarch against the Carlists iti
the north; and by the second the National Guards,
from 18 to 40 years, are ordered to join, in ovdet
to take the place of the troops which are destined
for active operations. These decrees are pre-
ceded by a long exposition from the Minister Ca-
LoNDox, Sept. 9.-Letters from the south of
France speak of renewed activity in recruiting forb
the foreign legion. The National (of Ma-trid,)
dated 28th ult. contains an address to the Queen
Regent, signed by 123 persons, praying her to
direct a prosecution of M. Isturiz for high trea.
son, founded on the decree of the 22d of May
The;Paris National announces that a reward is
offered for the apprehension of Isturiz and Alqala
Galiano. Whoever shall conceal them, or not de-
nounce them, are to be considered as guilty of
treason against the nation.
LONwDn, Sept. 5.--[lIop Intelligence-A re-
duction of full 4s per cwt, on pockets of last
year's growth, has taken place within the last two
or three days. The ohl duty is rated at 210,0001.
PART, Scpt. 8-Five per cents, 106f. 70c. 65c
60c. 106t'. 55; three per cents, 79'. 85c. 90c.t
bank actions, 2.267f. 50c. 2,270f.
BouitsE, Sept. 8-Quarter to 4 P. M.-This
morning the three per cents showed a tendency to
rise. The price has been currently at 80f. 17jc,
but frori the op( ning of the Bourse several prin-
cipal brokers were anxious to sell, and the price
fell gradually to 75f. 93c. with a flat market.

From IHlfux.-We are indebted to the Messrs.
Topliff of Boston, for Halifax papers to the 2d
Mr- Morrissey, tho principal sufferer by the fire
of September 27th, was insured for 15,000,
which it is stAted wiil covwr buta small part of his
The route of a railroad from St. Andrews to
Quebec, has been surveyed under the superinten
dance of Captain Youlc. It is ascertained that
the road can be made without requiring any sta-
Stionary power.
HALIFAX, Sept. 29.-The voon Bridge. S-me
alarm has been felt during the past week, in town
and country, in consequence of the fall of a por-
tion of the Avon Bridge, and in some cases the
most absurd stories have been circulated. As we
Happened to be at Wi':d&or at the time of the
accident, we give the following particulars, from
Personal observation and inquiry on the spot.
S The contractor had conimleted one span of the
bridge, extending from the Falmouth abutment to
Sthe first pier, by erecting his scaffolding on five
strong chains-and, becoming not a little fool-har-
Sdy, he thought to build the next on three. This
" he attempted, and carried over the work to within
s 15 or 20 feet of its resting place on Tuesday morn-
On Wednesday morning, about seven o'clock,
while the tide was flowing very rapidly, the inner
chain broke, and 12 men (not 30, as some of the
papers state) were either slid off or threw them-
e selves into the river. In about half a minute, dur-
ing which the strong current had swept them from
e under it, the entire section of the bridge-com-
Sprising perhaps 40 tons of timber, fll upon the
Spot from which they had been carried an instant
d before, and, by the time they rose to the surface,
e afforded abundance of support to those who could
e not swim. Three or four were bruised consider-
- ably, but not a single one was either drowned or
k ngerously wounded.
The Gazette wishes to know whether we have
7 not changed our tone in relation to the conduct of
n the glorious nineteen" electors of Maryland. Not
n at all. We are still the opponent of corruption
a and tyranny, and go for putting them down,
"- peaceably if we can, forcibly if we must."-
[Louisville Public .,dv.

A T an adjourned meeting of the Columbia Ty-
pographical Society, held on Monday evening,
the 10th instant, Messrs. John Stockwell, James
C!ephane, and William W. Curran were elected
dele gates to represent this Society in the National
Typographical Convention proposed to be held in
this city on Monday, the 7th day of November
In accordance with a resolution adopted by the
Society, the President would respectfully notify
those societies who have responded to the call for a
convention, by the appointment of delegates, that
the 7th November is the time fixed for the meet-
ing; and invite such societies as have not hereto-
fore chosen delegates, to do so in time for the pro-
posed convention. It is anxiously hoped that the
delegates will be prompt iii their attendance.
President Col. Typ. Soc.
W3t. W. CURRAN, Secretary.
Papers throughout the Union, friendly to the in-
terests of the craft, are respectfully requested to
give the above an insertion. Oct 13

OYS' LEATHER BELTS.-40 dozen En-
Jl glish patent Leather Belts, for boys' wear,
for sale at TODD'S Fashionable flat and Cap es-
tablish ment, six doors west of Brown's hotel.
Oct 14-3t

Edward Dyer.-On Wednesday next, 19th
inst. I shall seli at public auction, at the store of
Mr. Elisha Lewis, on llth street, near the steam-
boat wharf; all of his stock of Groceries, Liquors,
fixtures, &c. consisting of such articles as Teas,
Coffee, Su.ars, Molasses, Rice, &c. &c. Crockery
Ware, Wines, Spiritous Liquors, &c. Stand
Casks, Store fixtures, Scales, Weights, &c.
Salo at 11 o'clock, A. M. Terms at sale.
Oct 19-eodts Auctioneer.

Valuable Building Lot.
nN Saturday the 22d of October instant,
" we shall sell on the premises, by public
auction, to the highest bidder without reserve, part
of lot 14, square 290, fronting 25 feet on F, be-
tween 12th and 13th streets, running back about
160 feet. The situation is one of the most eligi-
b!e for business or private residence. Title indis-
putable. Terms liberal, and made known at the

Maryland Jockey Club Races, over the C '
trial Course, Baltimore, 31d.
F ALL MEETING, 1836, will commence, ft
Jf' usual, on the third Tuesday in October, (th
18 th of the month,) and continue four days.
FIRST Day.-A Sweepstake fur colds and fillJ
three years old; two mile heats; entrance $I,000
ort'eit $250; four subscribers, and closed, viz:
1. John Heth, full sister to Trifle.
2 J. M. Stelden, oh c by Sir Charles, dam b:
Sir Hal.
3. 1 F. Stockton, b c by Star, (formerly Rich.-
ird of York.)
4 GemCeral Thomas Emory, ch fLady Clifden,
by Sussex. "
SrEcoND Dr.-For the Craig Plate, value $(
two mi e heats; the winner to take the plate o"
$500, at his option; entrance money depending o-
hIe number of subscribers; entries to be made t,
evening previous.
'THIrDn )AY.-Pronrietor's Purse, $500; thre4
mile heats; entrance $20.
Fouwna DrAY.-J.ock-y Club Purse, $1,000; fo
mile heats; entrance $30.
tE Same day, a produce Stakes, for three
year old colts and fillies, two mile heats, entrance
5U0, hatf forfeit; twenty-one subscribers and
closed, V;z:
1. William Coleman, produce of Maria and S."
Gharles, half brother to Charles Kemble.
2. S. 0. J,.cobs, produce of Sally Smith and
VleJley. ....
3. William Wynn, produce of Isabella and o 3+
4. John C. Craig, produce of Coquette and
5. Thomas P. Coleman, produce of Mary Ro-i
)inson and Medley.
6. William H. Minge, produce of Eliza Adam.
ai.d Timoleon.
7. John C. Stevens, produce of Janet ani
Henry. \
8. Ham Wilkvs, produce of Henry and Betse:
9. Robert L. Stevens, produce of Meg Dodsanu_
10. William R. Johnson, produce of Polly Ho.
Sirns and Sir Charles.
11. Henry A. Taylor, produce of Lucy Gwyntm,
and Timoieon.
12. R. F. Stockton, produce of Charlotte Pace
and Medley.
13. C. -,. W. Dorsey, produce of Tuckahoe mare,
and Sussex.
14. James J. Harrison, produce of Maid of Lodi /
and Eclipse.
15. R. Gilmore, Jr. produce of Sally Walker
and Sir Charles. nJ
16. William H. Taylor, produce of Miss Chanc
and Star.
17. J. S. Garrison, produce of Atalanta andGo-:
18. J. S. Garrison, produce of Eliza White and
19. D. H. Branch, produce of Herr Cline's dam
and Sir Charles.
20. John MN. Botts, produce of Mischief and Go,
21. Boling E. Graves, produce of Hephesfion
mare and Sir Charles.
The course is in splendid order, having been
recently covered with Tan Bark, and the prospect
tbfor fine sport, is uncommonly good. Post Boy,\
Mingo, Agalia, and many other crack nags, arei
expected from the north. The stables of Col.,
Johnson, Mr'. Gair.ison, Mr. Heth, Col. White, and
others from the south, which together with our
neighbors, Gen. Emory, Mr. Oliver, Mr. Kendall,
and others, can not fail to ei sure a most brilliant
meeting. J. M. SELDEN7, Proprietor.
Oct 14-4t

A. IF. Corner of Balthmor and Calvert streets
(Uider the Museumr.)
Where have bern so!d PIZES!i PRIZES! i
Dollars, Millions of Millions!!
Baltimore, 1836.
NOTICE.-Any person or persons throughout
the Union, who may desire to try their luck, either
in authorized Lotteries of other States, some one
of which is drawn daily, tickets from one to e"
Dollars, shares in proportion, are respectfully re-
quested to forward their orders by mail (post
paid) or otherwise, enclosing Cash or Prize
Tickets, which will be thankfully received, and
executed hy return mail, with the same prompt
attention, as if on personal application, and the
result given (when requested) immediately afty ,
the drawing. Please address
N. W. Corner of Baltimore and Calvert streets,
Nov-dly under the Museuttm.

1|UST received by BRADLEY & CATLETT
100 pieces rich Satin Damask
150 do (!o Worsted do
200 do watered Moreens
150 do Harness Curtain Muslins
50 do rich Silk Curtain Fringe
5 do do Pulpit do
150 do Ottoman Lace Curtain Trimming
100 do rich Web do
.200 do do Bindings, &c. &c.
Aug 22 dlw3taw2w

50 pairs superior Whitney Blankets
150 do do Rose do different sizes
250 heavy low-priced do for servants
100 superior Marseilles Quilts -
50 pieces Russia and Irish Sheetings
50 do htlavy Irish Linen, for pillow cases
25 do Damask Table Diapers
50 do do Napkins.
The above goods having been purchased at
auction on the best terms, will be offered at vwry
low prices. R. C. WASHINGTON & C,. .
Oct 14-3taw2w

Vj 'HE subscriber h;s on hand, for sale, at I
eastern prices, 40 to 50 pair supei ior Pocket
Rifles and RI:led Belt Pistols, constituting an un-
usual assortment. LEWIS JOHNSON, -,
Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store, between llth /
and 12th streets, Penn. Avenue.
P. S. Also, a good assortment of PockAt Pis-i
tols., Canes, Pocket Books, Purses, playing an
visiting Cards, &c. &,. for sale at the lowes
prices, as above. Oct 14:



We take the following from the Georgia State
'lights Sertinel, an anti-Pinckney paper:
On Monday next the election for members of
Congress, and the State Legislature, takes place
in South Carolina. In Charleston, Messrs. Holmes
and Dubose having successively declined the nomi.
nations respectively tendered them, the State
iRights party will run no candidate. The contest
Is between Henry L. Pinckney, the no-party can-
didate, and H. S. Legare, the candidate of a por-
tion of the Union party. We understand that
Pinckney will be re.-elected.
It will be s9n that Mr. Pinckney, who acted
the part of a southern patriot last winter on the
abolitioa question, who was abused by Duff Green
in the telegraph, insulted by Wise of Virginia
H1rtnmond, Pickens, and Thompson of his own
State; whom neither his connection with the
church, nor his former support of Calhoun, could
save from the shafts of malignity, has at last
driven from the field the successive champions
of nullification, who were brought out to wreak
the revenge of the abolition nullifiers upon him.
Whatever Mr. Pinckney's abstract notions of
State rights may be, he proved by his course last
winter thliat hlie was not practically or in feeling
a disunionist; and we are glad to see that the
honest and well inteitioned of his party, could
not be brought to support the partibans of Cal-
houn, and crush him, simply because he chose
t) consult the ir.terests of ihe people he repre-
sented, rather than subserve the factious designs
of Calhoun. The name of Pinckney may now
resume its ancient honors; and it will wear them
in future times when that of Calhoun will be men-
tioned only to be execrated.

We invite the attention of our readers to a very
able communication on the subject of the present
attitude of Maryland It is from the pen of one
of her ablest, worthiest and most patriotic citizens,
and one who has a deep stake in its welfare.

There is a great deal of good sense in the clos-
ing remarks of a letter written by Mr. Dean of
Bedford, Tennessee, to his constituents, stating
the grounds of his opposition to Judge White's
pretensions. It shows that the sound republicans
of Tennessee begin at last to discover the real
character of our modern Cato. They now find
that it required a certain quantum of temptation to
induce him to throw off his austere republican
simplicity, and out-wig the wigs.
It is a little remarkable, however, that while the
Judge is notoriously at work wih Clay and Cal-
houn, Webster and Harrison, to divide and destroy
the democracy, he should still cling to theparty-
still assert his devotion to the party, the whole
party, and nothing but the party, while his coad-
jutor, John Bell, should denounce "the partly "
and make all hisfinvocations to "no party."
S The present position of these worthies shows
how sincere they were years ago, when one of
them was so solicitous for the republican cause,
that he labored to elect the federal candidate, John
Williams, to the Senate of the United States-the
enemy of General Jackson-rbecause he apprehend-
ed the election of the General himself would preju-
dice republicanism; it looked so like electioneer-
ing for the Presidency, if one named for that high
office ventured into the Senate pending" the can-
vass. The other, that pure and candid man, John
Bell, was so anxious to promote the General's eleva-
tion to the Presidency, that he actually contrived
to bring himself into the House of Representatives
over the head of Mr. Grundy, the choice of two-
thirds of the Jackson party in the district, by per-
suading every enemy of the democracy that he could
much more effectually serve the cause of the Ten-
nessee chief, than that thoroughly tried republican
Felix Grundy!! Both these devotees to demo-
cracy have at last played out their parts, as the most
attached friends of General Jackon. Tht-y show
the black heart, which has so long lurked under a
whited exterior, and made such shows of love.

While the one pretends to be an unaltered and un-
alterable friend to the President's principles, and
the republican party sustaining them, and the other
repudiates allparty, they both conspire with every
party which has yet appeared in any portion of the
Union, to put down that great popular party which
has raised the prosperity ar.d glory of the new
Bell and White attempt to conceal their hos-
tility to democracy, by their furious war upon
individuals--direct upon Mr. Van Buren, and
covert and oblique attacks upon the President him-
self, the head of the republican cause. They cry
out "office holders' party," "spoils party," when
it is notorious that a majority of the office holder,
and almost all the office seekers, are with the op-
position. The masses, on whom they make war,
are the great agricultural, mechanical, laboring clas-
ses of the country--the industrious, intelligent, inde-
pendent people of Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio,
NewYork,and othersister republican States. Aretey
millions of freemen who came from their- ploughs,
to call the farmer of Tennessee to the Presidency,
"spoilsmen," "office seekers," or "office holders?"
No. They are the genuine offspring of the race
ofthe Revolutioa. The true whigs that triumphed
over the stories of that day-that crushed the alien
and sedition law administration which succeeded
it--that supported Mr. Jeffersot: throughout his
struggle with the British party in this country--
that put down the bank in 1811--that raised the
standard of resistance to British insult, wrong and
arrogant tyranny in 1812-that extinguished the
blue lights of the Hartford convention, which were
lighted to give the confederacy to conflagra-

lion of Presidetf, Admitted So did tly n.d
Calhown, and just that long did the opposition
party stand opposed to them. But by some means
or other, they are not now opposed to them. It is
not denied that Clay and Calhoun have changed.
Yet it is denied that Judge White has turned.
Well, has the opposition turned to him? They
must be allowed to speak; they say they remain
what they always were, opposed to Jackson and
the administration. Well, has the Jackson party
changed from their old democracy? They say
not. Now, the question is, who has changed? If
White has not, both the great parties have But
will r ason say, that the testimony of one man shall
be taken in preference of two great bodies of men?
This does look very inconsistent to me at least.
Taking the whole together, it looks to me thit
the old enemies of Jackson have just received
White out of (not in) the Jackson ranks, and are
now eulogising his former conduct as a plea to de.
stroy that union that has always existed among the
republicans, and cause (at least) some of the de-
mocratic States, which have always been found
on the right side of the question, to fall in as op.
position States. If Mr. Van Buren has changed
from any thing, it is trom wrong to right, and if
Judge White has changed, it is from right to
wro,,g. So if both are changeable let us take the
one that now is right, for fear the other will
change and continue changing from one wrong to
another. I know it is urged that Judge White has
not changed. In answer I will propound a ques-
tion or two. Did Judge White, during the whole
time of service as Senator in Congress up to the
time he become a candidate for President, ever
frank any of the speeches of Jackson? I never
heard any. It will not be denied that he
has since that period,I franked the speeches
of Wise, the bitter enemy of Jackson, to the
people of this county. Still it is said White has
not changed. Did Judge White at any time be -
fore he became a candidate for the Presidency,
say that nothing but the distance would prevent
him from attending a festiv. made for the purpose
of rejoicing over the downfall of republican prin-
ciplei? It will not be denied since that period he
had an invitation to a celebration in Baltimore; the
object oG this festival was to celebrate the triumph
over the Jackson democratic party in the election
of Maryland. Among those who had letters of in-
vitation, we see the names of Calhoun, Leigh,
Clay, Webster, and Harrison. What is Judge
White's? Ha expresses in his letter extreme regret
that the distance from the spot prevents his attend-
ance, and assuring them of the pleasure it would
have afforded him to be associated with them.
Would it at any time before Judge White became
a candidate, leen a great pklasure to him to have
been seated by Clay, Webster, Leigh, Calhoun
and Harrison; shouting huzzas over the downfall
o)f Jackson men and the republican cause? I
think not; still, from his own letter, since he has
become a candidate, he would have occupied that
position if the distance had not prevented. Still
it is said Judge White has not changed. It will
hardly be denied, that since the candidates for
Presidency have had their claims before the peo-
ple, thnt in all the States where the elections
have tested the strength of parties, and where
the Jackson or administration party had the as
cendancy, in most cases the opposition papers
as well as republican, set it down for Van Buren;
while in no instance, whether in the north, middle
or south, where the Jackson or republican candi-
dates were beaten, it has been universally claimed
by the opposition, either for Webster, Harrison, or
White. If White is in favor of the present ad-
ministration, and intends to carry out the measures
of the same, how does it so happen that the vote
of South Carolina is claimed by the White party
for White, when it is well known by all that know
the politics of South Carolina, know that no man
can get the vote of that State that is in favor of the
present administration; still it is said White has
not changed. THOS. DEAN.
Flat Creek, Sept. 21, 1836.

It seems that Webster, like White, is traversing
his State electioneering. Harrison, who is the op-
position candidate for the whole concern, extends
his circuit through a multitude of States. Web-
ster is a geographical candidate for the Bay State;
White the geographical candidate for the southern
division; neither of them are candidates for the
Presidency of the United States. They are schism
candidates, used simply to defeat the will of the
majority, and are now active in their vocation.
Mr. Webster is on a visit to Berkshire. He
was in Lee, Stockbridge, and Lenox, on Monday
and Tuesday, and was to attend the Cattle Show
and Fair, at Pittsfield, on Wednc.sday.-Boston

This sound, strong, honest Commonwealth stands
out in noble relief, as among the staunchest, stern-
est, and most incorruptible in hlier political integrity.
Her politicians have been bought, but her people
never. Firm, independent and unswerving, they
march to the polls, and scatter the mercenaries, as
Lhe breath of autumn the insects of summer.
Forbearing and indulgent, provocations are some-
times endured in consideration of previous ser-
vices; but whenever the taint appears, the virtu
ous Hlampdens of the State cast them off.
It will be seen that, although the bribery of
the bank took effect in the Legislature, its five
millions of BONUS could not buy the people.
" Virtue, Liberty, and Independence," (the State's
true motto,) are far dearer to the hearts of the peo.
pie, than roads and canals, banks, and all their
bonuses. Our columns of to-day show a succes-
sion of victories in many confiding counties, that
took professions for facts. Undeceived by the open
profligacy of the last Legislature, they have spurn-
ed the faithless and dishonest party from their fa-
vor. Witness Dauphin, Lebanon, Adams, Franklin,
Delaware. These glorious counties are now nobly
redeemed. We hope to hear of others. But
enough is already known to give all hail to honest
From the nmerican Sentinel.
THE ELECTION.-We publish the returns of the
elections hlield yesterday, in the city and county of
Philadelphia, so far as we have been able to obtain
themrn. In Moyamensiag, Spring Garden, and the
Norther Liberties, the election officers refused to
permit the persons sent from the office for the pur-
pose, to copy them.
In thie city, thle federal whigs have carried their
entire ticket.
In the First Congressional District, Colonel
PATNTER, the regularly nominated democratic
candidate for Congress, has been elected by a
handsome majority over Dr. SUTHERLAND.
In the Northern Liberties, the whig inspectors
reported from the windows, that their ticket had
majorities in the seven wards of about 275 votes.
I a Spring Garden, they claim a majority 150.

From the Penny/tn;an.
Our victories outstrip the most sanguine expec-
tations. The subjoined returns will show that the
democracy of Pennsylvania are doing more than
could have been anticipated, and at this rate the
aggregate Van Buren majority will be so great
that the name of opposition will scarcely be heard.
But comment is unnecessary: examine the returns.
Paynter. Sutherland. 7otal.

1st Ward
2d do
3d do
4th do
5th do
South Penn Township
North Penn Township


Paynter's maj.





102 maj.



1764 4004

READING, Oct. 12, 7j, A. M.
" We have met the enemy and they are ours."
Aftera contest which has been marked by un-
exampled efforts on the part of a combined oppo-
sition, renegade democrats, anti-masons, whigs and
bank men, "old Berks" has maintained her cha-
racter, and elected by a triumphant majority her
able, faithful, and talented representative, Henry
A. Muhlenberg. Thus peri-hss the faction--thus
triumphs democracy.
The following are thIe returns so far as received.
MuhlenIberg. Smith.
Reading-N. Ward, 282 143
S. Ward, 365 196

Alsace, 226 63
Bern, 196 21
Exeter, 132 56
Cumrnu, 229 103
Heidle]"urg, 156 40
Womelsdor-f, 160 177
Tulpeliocken, 111 180
Ruscombmanor, 75 118
Brecknock, 68 42
Oley, 112 110
Douglass, 31 71
Amity, 103 91
Earl, 60 maj.
Robeson, 12 maj.
Maidencreek, 3 maj.
It is now snowing most furiously, and has been
all night, which has kept our- returns back. Mr.
Muhlenberg's majority will beat last 1000.
In November, old Berks will give a majority of
at least three thousand for the Van Buren elector-
al ticket. So we go.

Twenty-one districts heard from; ten not yet in,
but enough known to prove that the whig majori-
ty will not be over 300 in Chester, when it was last
year 560. Portions of our ticket will not be more
than 200 behind. This county, with Dclaware and
Montgomery, form a senatorial dis'r.ct. Dr. An-
derson (Whig) is so far only 236 ahead of Myers
(Van Buren) in Chester, and the returns from the
two Liter counties assure us of the triumphant
election of Mr. Mytrs to the Senate.

CHESTER, Oct. 12, 1836.
Gsntlemen: We have met the enemy, and they
are ours." Democracy is triumphant. We have
elected John Hinkson to the Assembly, Judge
Myers, our candidate for the Senate, is ahead. Our
district, by the new gerrymandering act, consists
of Chester and Montgomery. We are certain of a
large majority in old democratic Montgomery,
which will more than break up any majority in
Chester. I will send the full returns to-morrow.
In haste. Respectfully.

NORRISTOWN, Oct. 12, 1836.
DEAR SIR: I hasten to inform you of the result
of the election in this borough. A most glorious
victory has crowned our efolbrts: our anticipations
in this district are more than realized. 1 feel now
confident that the majority of 1000 claimed for
Myers, in my communication to you, will be real-
Owing to the storm, which raged violently
through the night, the returns have not come in
from the other districts. The following is the re-
sult of our election here:
Democratic Majorities.

Congress, -
Senate, -
Assembly, -
Director, -
Auditor, -

230 (ag-)

We succeeded in every township voting at this
place; a circumstance unprecedented. Upper
Meriol, the residence of Jonathan Roberts, having
usually given 40 votes against us. 'I he whole
vote polled here was but about 930, neither party
having their entire vote out. The enemy is com-
pletely prostrated in Montgomery.
Respectfully, yours.

EASTON, Oct.11, 1836.
My Dear Sir: I send you the result of the elec-
tion in this District. It is truly glorious: far beyond
our expectations, and shows a decided gain since
last fall.
Bonouna oF EASTON.
Lehigh Ward-Wagener (V. B ) 226
Weygandt, (Har.) 98
Bushkill Ward-Wagener 169
Weygandt 151

Weygandt -
Weygandt -

Whole majority in tihe Easto
Last fall it stood Wolf 698
Muhlenberg 98

Hanover, 98
Upper Nazareth, 32
Lower Nazareth, 43
Bethlehem Borough, 63
Allen, 105
Moore, 83
Saucon, maj. 193
Correll's, maj. 89


n District, 339
SRitner 640
3 796

6 156


The most democratic portion of the county is

?rbm it M PenwsjlvaDnd 'epoder-Sxia.
HARMSBURG, October 12,1836.
It affords us great pleasure to lay before our
readers the following returns of yesterday's elec
tion in this county. It will be seen that the cause&
of Van Buren and Democracy has triumphed moi'
gloriously, and the success of OUR ENFIRE
COUNTY" TICKET gives an. evidence of wha
the democrats of Dauphin can and will do at the
coming Presidential election. It will be recollect-
ed that this is the strong hold of antimasonry and
Bank-Whig-Harrisonism, and that all the influence
of our State administration was brought to bear to
defeat and prostrate us. It will also be recollected
that at the last election Governor Ritner received
a majority in this county, of more than FOUR-
TEEN HUNDRED VOI'ES over the highest de-
mocratic candidate! We congratulate our friends
every where on this glorious change, whilst we
proudly hail Dauphin county as "redeeme-d, re-
generated and disenthralled."



Col. Cochran
some majority.


1838 1 Harris 1594
1730 1 Krause 1494
1779 Gilbert 1437
(denm.) elected Sheriff by a hand-

Returns from all the townships in Lebanon s
county but two, give to Dr Rleily, the Democratic fi
Van Buren candidate for Congress, a majority of w
EIGHT I'Y-THREE votes. r
RENDERED CER'AIN! Hurra for Daupt.in t
and Lebanon! c
Mr. Uhlltr, the Democratic candidate for As- a
sembly in Lebanon county, hasa majority, as far t
as heard from, of 140 votes, c
In Cumberland county, the entire democratic
ticket has succeeded by a large majority. t
In Columbia District the democratic majority a
for Senator is 167; for Sheriff 96. s
In Marietta, for Senator, 42 majority; for She- d
riff 36. t
In Bainbridge the democratic majority for Sena- t
tor is 36; for Sheriff 35. C
In Eiizabethtown, a strong hold of antimasonry, v
our opponents obtained a majority of 8 for their ,
candidate for Senate. a
Extract of a letter, dated Oct )ber 12.
Our Van Buren anti-bank Sheriff is elected by v
a handsome majority; and the antimasonic ticket,$
if elected at all, is by a small majority; we think t
one of our assembly men is elected. judge Shef- V
ftr for Congress is ahead in this county. Hle is L
elected. t
Tha Gettysburg Compiler-Extra, says, "If the f
antimasonie ticket is not beaten, some of those
whose names are on it have been dreadfully fright- r
ened." c
We have heard from twelve townships in Berks (
county, which give Mr. Muhlenberg, the Demo- t
cratic candidate for Congress, a majority of more
than 1000. c
A letter from New Berlin, dated Oct. 12, says, c
the whole Van Buren ticket is elected by a ma- I
jority of from 150 to 200 votes. NERMIDDLES-
Letter from Nrthumwnberland, dated October 12.
Hammond, the Democratic candidate for Con-
gress in that county, has beaten Greienough 800,
and 200 in Union.

Extracts from letters to the Editor of the Glbe.
HRHISRURG, 12di Oct. 1836.
Messrs. Bi.AIR & RivEs: I came here to night.
We have heard the result of the election from
many of the strongest antimasomic and bank coun-
ties in the State, and we have beaten the allied
forces most gloriously. It is a complete Waterloo
rout. I think it doubtful whether the whole op-
position will be able to muster twenty members
in the House of Representatives of this State. 1
have not time to give you any particulars. I can
only saiy democracy has carried every thing before
it, far beyond the anticipations of the most san-

HARRISBURG, Oct. 12th, 1836.
DEAR Sin: Returns from the whole county
havejust ,ome in. The democracy of Dauphin
have elected their entire ticket; Congress, assem-
bly, sheriff, commissioner, &c. by a majority of
over 200! Ritner's majority here last fall over
both the democratic candidates was upwards of
800. So much for opposition gains in Pennsyl-
From Cumberland we have heard enough to
prove that our ticket is elected by a large ma-
Lebanon has also been partially heard from,
enough to determine to a certainty that Dr. Reiley
goes to Congress in the place of Mr. Clark.
There cannot be a remaining doubt, but the de-
mocracy of the State have achieved a more signal
snd overwhelming victory, than any ever gained
before. The opposition will not have twenty menm-
bervin the House of Representativas.

BEDFORD, October 12, 1836.
Messrs. Blair & lives:
We have carried the Van Buren ticket in this.
county by a smart majority. The Van Buren can-
didates for Assembly are about two hundred ahead,,
and nine districts to hear from, which will increase:
their majority.
For Congress we had to contend against money
power; the opposition candidate being a director
of the United States BankofPennsqlvania, and in
a district that shared liberally of the bonus given
by that institution for a charter-in which consid-
erable antimasonic excitement prevails, and im
which Ritner had about 1800 majority for Go-
vernor last fall. As far as heard in this county, we
have 545 majority for the Democratic candidate ;
and three townships heard from in Somerset coun-
ty, we have a gain from 1834 of about eighty
votes. The result is somewhat doubtful: however,
our fri-ends have not given it up for lost as yet.

GETTYSBURQ, Oct. 12, 1836.
Messrs. BLAia & RIvEs: I hasten, gentlemen,
to give you an account of our election so far as
has been heard fi'om. Notwithstanding all that
has been done by the opposition (and it is not a lit-

tle they had in their power in this section of the
State) they have met with a signal defeat in this
A heavy contract for the construction of a
railroad has been made to bear upon our election
as much as possible. Proposals have been receiv-
ed for the construction of the road, but the com-
missioners declined to decide who should obtain
Sthe contracts, until after the election. There are
applications lor a number of little offices in con-
nection with it; these are all held over, and the
applicants kept in suspense so as to ensure their
votes by expected favors. This section of the


Si it: I have the honor to enclose, herewith, a
copy of the official report of Colonel John Warren,
commanding the East Florida troops, of a very
spirited and gallant attack made by him on a large
party of the enemy on the 18th inst.
T'he conduct of Colonel Warren, and the officers
an I men under his command, entitle them to the
attention and highest confidence of the Govern-
ment. I have the honor to be,
Respectfully, sir,
Your most obd't serv't,
Commanding the drmiy it FIlarida.
Hen. LEwis CASS,
Secretary of War,





East Florida, Fort Gilliland, B
Sept. 18, 1S36. D
Sin; Yesterday morning, the 17th inst. a parry, 1
rom one to two hundred Indians, came within a B
nile of this fort on the Picolata road, and captur- B
d a car belonging to John Standley. B
Three white men and( two negroes were fired B
n by a part of this body, fortunately without ef- B
ect: the cart was set on fire. I immediately sal- B
ded out with thirty men to reconnoitre, whlle the
roops were preparing to make a general sortie. B
very heavy rain, which came up at this time, an- B
wered the double purpose of extinguishing the B
ire, and rendering oar arms useless. The cart, B
witha load ot" corn, was saved and brought in. I
pursued on the trail some distance, and found that
hey had gone towards Colonel Sanchez's planta-
ion; but if being now near dark, and the rain still C
continuing, it was concluded to return and make C
.n al tack on them in thie morning. Atone o'clock C
his morm-iing, four men, of tried valor, were sent C
out to reconnoitre around the Sanri Velasco hI m- :
nock, and the plantation of Colonel Sanchez; they C
returned at 4 o'clock, having made no discovery C
Being satisfi d that they were there, I resolved to
-o out; accordingly at 6 o'clock I marched out
vith one hundred mounted men, being detach-
nents from Captains Watkin's, Ward's, and Garri-
on's companies, with twenty five gentlemen, utn- C
ler Captain Beekman, having formerly belonged C
o his company, and volunteered their services for
his special service; Capt. D. D. Tompkins, of C
company B, 1st regiment United States Artillery, C
vith a24 pounder howitzer, and twenty five of his
nen. This command was arranged in three lines, P
s follows: Capt. Walker, with his company, and
Lieut. Bruten in command of the detachm.:nt
rom Capt. Garrison's company, formed the right I
wing, under my personal c-mmand; Capt. Tomp- [
kins, with his command, formed the centre; and
hlie volunteers, under Capt. Beekman, with Capt.
Ward'% company, formed the left wing, under
Liceut. Col. Mills. On arriving within three quar- E
ers of a mile of the hammo.k, the spies reported
ndians in front; theyimmediate!y opened a sharp ]
ire on the right wing and centre.
The Indians on the left, in considerable force,
nade an attempt to turn that flank, but were F
hangedd on with spirit and success by Lieut. Col.
Mills's command, and driven into a thick-wooded
)ak scrub; then dismounting and charging on
them, drove through this into the border ofthe ham
mock, when the artillery played upon them with
considerable effect; after this they retired to the
right, and attempted to turn that wing, bit were
charged with success by Capt. Walker and
Lieut. Bruten's command, and aga'n driven within
range of the artillery, which opened on them with
great effl'ect.
They made several desperate attempts to main-
tain their position, and charged twice on thle ar
tillery, but were driven off at all points, and pur-
sued for a mile an:id a half into a dense hammock,
A here they could not be pursued to advantage.
The command advanced and took a position,
and remained on it two hours and a half, then re-
turned in the same order of the advance, without
seeing or hearing any thing more of them. The
action lasted one hour and a hialf; one hour of
which the-firing was heavy on the whole line.
From"the ground which they occupied, their force
is estimated at at least three hundred men. Seve-
ral Indians were distinctly seen to fall before the
fire of the artillery, particularly on the left. Se-
veral persons report that they saw a mounted In-
dian (a chief, from his appearing to give orders,)
fall before tihe fire of the artillery. Adjutant Gil-
leland reports that he siw a large fellow mounted
in front of the right, and from a recollection of his
person, thinks it was Jumper; he ordered a pla-
toon fired at him, and several persons assert that
he fell From the many traces of blood discover-
ed in passing over the ground after the enemy
were routed, a great number must have been
killed and wounded. We also discovered where
they had killed five beeves and seven hogs, some
of which were left by them in their hurry, in the
situation in which they were shot down.
Lieut. Col. Mills sustained in this action the rN-
putition he had previously acquired for bravery,
coolness, and judgment.
Captain D. D. Tompkins, of the artillery, by the
judicious arrangement of the artillery under his
comman', rendered important service, and through-
out the action behaved with gr-eat bravery, cool-
ness, and judgment. 1 beg leave to recommend
him to your excellency'a notice, for his good con-
duct in this action, as well as for the important ser-
vice rendered by him since stationed at this post.
C Captains Beekham, Walker, and Ward, Lieuten-
ants Bruten and Hindley, behaved with great
bravery. Lieutenant Bruten had hia horse killed
under him. Adjutant Gilliland particularly distin-
guished himself by his bravery and exertions on the
right wing. Private Weymran, B company, first
artillery, stationed at the howitzer, was severely
wounded at the first fire, but refused to retire from
his post until four rounds were fired, when he was
compelled to retire from the loss of blood. In fact,
the whole command behaved well. Below is a re-
port of wounded. I regret to state that private
Jerry Burnett is pronounced mortally wounded:
the others appear to be in afair way to recover. 1
should do injustice, were I to close this report
without mentioning-, in terms of approbation, the
prompt attention of I)octors Pelot and Turtelot to

the wounded men. They promptly attended du-
ring the action to all.
SI have the honor to be, respectfully, &c.
Commanding 2d M. D. E. F.
His Excellency R. K. CALL,
Gov. Commander-in-Chief.

Return of wounded in the action at San Velasco
on the 18th September, 1836:
SB Company, 1 Artillery, private Weyman; Flo-
rida Militia, Sergeant Rowell.
Privates Powals, Jerry Burnett, (twice,) James
SGregor, Samuel Rlunsell, Jesse Laing.
One horse killed, and five wounded.
L. GILLILAND, Adjutant-

Q3* An adjourned meeting of the society, for the
purpose of making arrangements for the distri-
bution of thie premiums awarded at toe annual ex-
hibition in Jtune last, will take place at the City
Hall, on Saturday, the 15th instant. Oct 15



remaining in the Post Office, Washington City,
October 15, 1836.
031 Persons inquiring for letters on this list, wil,
lease ask for "advertised letters."
A Mitchell J.D. R.
Lllingham Robert Miller George
very George W. Myers Miss Amanda
'nierson Samuel Myers Lieut. Jos.
inderson J ohn P Miller Mr.
kilen N. F. Mason Stephen J.
alexander Mrs. Eliza W. Milburn Thomai
.ndrews Isaac P. M(Mris Capt. Lewis'N.
kxtell Henry Mattingly Miss Louisa
.gun Mrs. Jane P. Milson Anne
krmstcad Major W. K. Marshall William H.
B Moo ly Charles
rookes Peter Miller David
rates Edgar Mason Eileck 3
3all Henry W. Macomb L,. john N. 4
eadl George Morsoi Dict. Hugh U.
3elt Thomas T. S. N.
h'own John Melcher Mrs. Miry
brown Doct. Wm. Matlieen Mrs. Jane,
3unthron Mrs. Grac( Me.C
leebe Roswell McLeanJohn
Barnard Julius McK ,ne Mrs. Mary
lachus Henry R 2 McFurlan Miss Ester
3oarman Sylvester BakerMcCo nell J ohn 2
Irackenridge James W. McCawley Capt. James 2
3rackenridge Rev. John N t






Martin Mrs. John
Mason Mrs. Susan

C. Y.
G. II'.

PosT OFFrrrcE, Washington, Oct. 15.

Merchants, and others, receiving goods by
the Railroad from Baltimo)re,are hereby notified that
the Company requires alli articles to be paid for,
and taken from the depot within twelve hours after
their arrival. It is found impossible to provide
safe storage for goods, and therefore, the Com-
paiiy will not agree to be held 1 able for the loss
or damage of any articles left for a longer time at
their depot in Was.u igton.
Oc 1-13t w6w.v Agent.

fVine St ie, cor:.e" o'f 7th Strret and Penn-
sylvacnia 2iven)ue.
B. MORGAN & CO. have t:,ken the wine
o* store lately vacated by 'iornas H. Jacobs,
whE re they have a very large stock of Wines and
Liqiors of every description, which they will sell
low, wholesale or retail. Part of the Wines (in
bottles) have been accumulating- in Capt. Win.
Cox's Wine Store (whose stock they have pur-

d' ,r IWashington, JAug. 23, 1836.
tfi I L subscriber will dispose of the whole
or of any part of the following described
property, belonging to the Ba,*nk of the United
States, at Tair prices, and he invites proposals
herefor, viz
Lot No. 11, in square No. 14, vacant.!
Lot No. 10, in square No. 27, with a good two
story brick house, on Pennsylvania Avenue, op-
posite Mr. Forsyth's.
Lot No. 17, in square No. 36, with two story
fraie building, near General Thompson's,
Lot No. 9, in square No. 77, vacant.
Lots Nos. 9, 10, and 11, in square 106, vacant.
Lot No. 9, in square No. 118, on Pennsylvanil
Avenue, with a good three story brick huuse, being
)ne of the seven buildings.,
West half of lbt No. 1, ii square No. 166
vacant; fronting on Pennsylvania Avenue, near
tbe War Department.;
Lots Nos. 10, 11, 1%, 13, 14, and 15, in square
No. 169, with the valuable improvements therecn
cnown as the property of the late Win. Wirt,
Esq .. -
Lots Nos. l1, 2, 3,4, 20, 22, 23, and:24, in
square No. 221, with the buildings thereon, now
)octupied by this office is the banking house,
dwelling, &c. -
Lots Nos. 6, 8, 10, sa& 12, in square No. 230,
vacant, some of them fronting on the canal.
Lots Nos. 18, 19,,,and 20, in square No. 2504
Lot No. 4, in square "No. 257, vacant, near
aanal. -
Undivided moiety of lots 1 and 2, in square
257, vacant.
Lots Nos. 4 and 9 in square No. 22.5, on Pent!
sylvania Avenue, with the large brick tavern,lateoy
occupied by Mrs. Strother.
Lot No. 7, and parts of lots Nos. 3 and 4 ^
square No. 385, on Maryland Avenue.
Lots Nos. 5 and 6, in square No. 533, vacant,
East half of lot No. 4, in square No. 461, with
the large brick house on Pennsylvania Avenue,
occupied by Mrs. Ball as a boardinfig house.
Lot No. 3, in square No. 576, vacant.
Lot in square south of No 744, fronting 127J
feet on 1st street, and 132 1-6 feet deepi on the
Eastern Branch.
Two three story brick houses in Cox's rwy, liat
One three storybriek house in]jSmth's io, 1 bi
One three story brick house at oorneuof 1st and
Market streets.
rwo three story brick houses on Washingfto'
street, opposite the Union Hotel.
One three story brick House on Bridge stree''
now occupied by Mr. Abbott.
One warehouse and lot on Water street, now
occupied by Mr. R. Woodward.
One small frame house and lot on parts of lots'
Nos. 30 and 31, High street.
Lot No. 85, on 1st street, vacant.
Lots Nos. 100 and 110, in Threlkeld's aiditiorf'
And the island opposite to Georgetown, knwni
as Mason's island.
A tract of land in Albemarle county, being part
of that formerly owned by President Monroe.
The tract of land in Frederick county, called
Gurnkirk, adjoining the town of Clarksburg.,
Aug 25 dtfif RD. SMITH, Cashier.lj

3utterfield Justin Neale H A.
lald win Stepen K. Nurse Jo'mn
larry Thos. U. S. N. 3 Nourse Mis. Araminta E.
Bowlware William Nye J. W.
C Naylor Mrs. Ma-'tlha
Clark Thomas 0
;oules Benjamin Olcott EdwarJ R. 2
Cass John C. Onet'e John
;arl sarah MI Oeilly Henry
Cheever Wi liamn A. Osbourne RichArd
Connor John P
Carrell John Pope Mrs. Catharine
.resar Thomas Piles Mrs. Charletie Ann
Rider Michael Page J. L.
olton Rev. Walter Peck Miss Elizabeth H. 2
burnn L'eut. J. L. 2 Philips Charles
Cooley Alfred S. Phillips Capt. Joseph A.
uilisletine Cicily Pemmington Mrs. Sarah
Culbertson Jamds Porter Edwin 2
_arlon Hannah Powers Hiram 7
Collins James R
Conley Thomas Reynolds Hugh
D Roberts Jamei M.
)unn James Rowan Mrs. Margaret
)arnali Francis H. Richards Isaac
)av~s Henry A. Richardson DAvid
)onovan Carville Rowan Joseph
)avis Edward S
Dibble Mrs. Margaret Sears Miss Cordelia E.
E Seott William
Eaton Henry Swan William (col'd)
Evans Eliza Smith Mrs. Maria
F Smith Lt. Richard S.
Ford Mrs. Miry Smith Catharine
'rost Mrs. Sophia 2 Stclle Tom
'Frost John E. 4 smith William
Foster David M. Sinclair Reason
F'ariley Lieut. John Shelton Thos. J.
G Speeden Robert
Green Thomas Stiegel William
Grant Charles Stockton L. W.
Grant Nncy Stockton Lt. T. B. W.
Gray Ju.ia Smallwood Moses
Goldsborough Charles H.Standeffer James
Goodmani Mr. Stinson Daniel
Grides John Sherwood Geo. W.
Graham Mrs. T. Strebeck Miss MN. 2
Griaham Godfrey Stewart Mrs. Margaret
Giberson G. L. Stewart Mrs. |Emely
Gipson Lydia Shepherd Joseph
GAllant William Simmons Capt. Wm
Gannon Patrick Segar Joseph
Goulding Frederick T I
H Tilley Henry
Hicks Edward Thompson G. L. 3
Hall Monsieur Tucker Charles E.
Hull Miss Angela Typographical Assceia-
Hlull J.H. tion
Holtzman William Talcott Major
Hloward D. Tilghman Lt. Richard
H-lutchinson Thomas Thomas Augustus R.
Haslop Lewis 2 Tibbets Janel
Har-court Charles II. Turpin James S.
Horbert Nath'l P. Thornton John S.
Haiolland John E. Thrl'uston Win. T.
Huber Stephen Tyler Capt. John
Howell John H. Taylor Robert
J 'raylor John 2
James John V
Jones Mrs. Morgan Van Wickle Stephen 3
Jones Mrs. Mary Venablt Miss Mary C. of
Jackson Lycurgus T. Virginia.
Jennings Doct. Robert W
Jameson John M. Walsh Martin
Jardella Miss J. Welsh Robert P.
Johnson John D. 2 Weir George F.
Johnson Richard D. Wilkersoa Mrs. E. M.
Johnson Col. Win. R. Weber George
Johnson Miss C. M. Walker Miss Elizabeth
Johniuson Caroline Walker Jonathan T.
Jolhrnson Mrs. EtizabethWhitney J. M. 2
Ann Williamson Lt. John
Johnston Mrs. Louisa Williams Henry
K Williams John J.
King Mrs. Sarah T. Williams Charles
Kernes Alexander Williams Charles S.
Kiley Rev. Doctor Westerfield Miss Ang. 2
L Wilmer Emory
Leah Madame Wormley John Crooker
Locke A. A. Whittlesey Mrs. Anna
Lowry Mr. Wilson Henry
Lewis Lieut. F. A. Wilson James S.
Lanhan Mrs. Mary Ann Watters David 2
Leaveinworthi Dr. M. C. Watson Henry II. 2
Latruite J. P. 2 Watson Henry
Lindsley Abraham B. Wylie B. Irvine
M. Woodhull Joseph
Mills John W. Y
Moore John Young Mrs. Ann E
Mead Mrs. Francis Young Notly
Msaruder Mrs. Margaret IxITILALS

Washington, Aug. 29, 1836. 5
HE subscriber will dispose of ithe property
transferred from the Bank ofC lumbia, for
the use of the United States, and of the Bank o
the United States, at fair prices. Persons wish
ing to purchase any of the following will be please
to apply to him:
Square No. 37, lots 8, 18, and 19, vacAnt,
Square No. 56, lots 6 and 7, vacant.
Square No. 62, lots 7, 8, and 9, vacant]
Square No. 67, lot 8, vacant.
Square No. 75, lot 5, vacant.
Square No. 77, lots 19 and 20, vacant.
Square No, 80, lot 10, vacant. ]
Square No. 84, lot 6, vacant.
East of square No.-87, lot 3, vacant.
Square No. 101, lots 13 and 14, vacant.
Square No. 103, lot 4, vacant
Square No. 172, lots 21 and 27, vacant.
Square No. 223, lot 1, vacant.
Square No. 226, lots 3, 4, 5, 6, andI 7, vaca-it)
Square No. 234, lots 3, 4, and 14, vacant J
Square No. 291, lots 10 and 11, vacant.
Square No. 347, lot 10, with a three-story brib
house, formerly occupied as a medicI d collf gel
Square No. 294, lot 4, vacant.
Square No. 457, lot 6, vacant.
Square No. 569, lots 41 and 42, vacant.
Square No. 821, lot 14, vacant.
Square No. 874, lots 7 and i4, vacant.
Square No. 878, lots 26, 27, 28, and 29, vacant
Square No. 902, lot 3, vacant.
Square No. 977, undivided moiety oF lot No. '
Square No. 977, lots 17 and 26, 1 acaat.
Square No. 994, lot 2, vacant.
Square No. 995, lots 19, 20, 21, jf3, 2, 24,'
and 25, vacant.
Square No. 996, lot 13, vacant.
Square No. 978, lots 14 and 15, vacant.
Square No. 1000, lota 22, 23, and 24, vacin.
Square No. 1001, lots 13, 19, and 20, vacant.
Square No. 1024, lot 4, vacant.
Square No. 1116, lots 4 6,,7, 8 9, 10, 11,
12, and 13, vacant.
The mill and factory at the Little Falls of th4
A trast of land opposite Georgetown, with ex-
tensive stone quarries, a stone mill, and the ferry
containing about 1,822 acres.
A tract of land in Cockpit point, Prince Williamn
*ouity, containing about 130 acres.
Onea tract of land in Cockpit Point, containing
About 1,817 acres.
One tract of land in Fairfax county, near th
town of Providence, containing about 1.220 acres.
One tract of land in Loudon county, containing
bout 700 acres.
On tract of land in Loudon county, part of the
tract called "Wallingten," containing about 1,464
One tract of land in Shenandoah county, con-
taining about 1,498.
One tract of land in Hardy courtys containing;
about 10,089 acres.
One-third of a tract of land in Fayette ccuniy
containing 200 acres.-
On tract in Mercer county, containing
One tract in Franklin county, 40 acres at Little
One- training 271 acres.
One-half of lots Nos. 4,35, and 361 in the town
of Cumberland.
Three tracts of land in Alleghany coaity called
" Western Connexion." .cotai(nino' ahnut 0 fn90

ffI ^K(iLOBk.
kiA AI~


Their early opinions about the war; their present
we of Harrison as it9 hero.
Mr. Webster's anti-supply speech in the House
of Representatives, on the 24th January, 1814, is
given At full length in our columns to-day. This
production had its birth in the gloomiest hour ef
the last war, and distinctly, though cautiously, de.
,velopes-the designs anc. feelings of the federal lea.
der at that most ci itical moment. The reader will
Sproeive in it the treacherous and hypocritical art
W which the speaker employs in imputing to the Ameri-
Ican Government the crime of making a war into
which he and his' folowers had tauntingly declared
before its commencement, *'the country could tnot
be kicked." It will be seen with what effrontery
and depravity hie blaies a long forbearing and
peaceful administration, tfor at last undertaking to
defend our flag from insult, American property on
the high seas from confiscation or conflagration,
American seamen frotn impressment, and the na-
tional character from total degradation. It will be
seen too with what a traitorous heart, he arrays the
opposition (which his own and the labors of his
English allies had rallied in New England,) to ar-
rest the efforts of our arms,and prevent them from
reaching the enemy on the New England frontier,
while the enemy,so relieved, concentrated his fou; ce
combined with the savage hordes, on the northwest
tern frontier, to invade our young settlements, and
drench them in blood.
But we would particularly call attention to that
part of the speech in which allusion is made to
Sour foiled attempts at the invasion of Canada. OH
another occasion, Me. Webster tauntingly touched
,on this topic, and pointed to the massacres at Rai-
sii, Fcrt Meigs, and other discomfiture# of this
sort, as not the kind of entertainment" to which it
wa, proxnised these movements against the ene-
my's territory would conduct us. In the speech
before us he again recurs to his favorite idea of
"AN ENTERTAINMENT," as associated with
Harrison's often repulsed invasion. The en-
tertainmentwas the horrible butcheries of the
river Raisin, and the Indan orgies at Frenchtown.
General Harrison's imbecility furnished to the
federal party in Kentucky, as well as to Mr.
Webster, a continual theme, in his disasters, to
disgrace the party and the administration; and it
was through these melancholy failures that Mr.
Webster and his confederates in Congress sought
to dishearten the nation, and vindicated their re-
fusal to raise troops, or to vote supplies to carry
on operations' so illy conducted, as, in some mea-
sure, to countenance their assertion-that they
must always prove abortive.
Now mark the gratitude with-which Webster
repays the imbecility of Harrison-that imbecility
which enabled him to exult over the friends of the
country during the war, and point to the scenes of
carnage, in which the noblest men of tho .west
were butchered, as so many banquets given 'to the
enemy. Mr. Webster o0ers his support to General
Harrison as to an old friend, whose fortunate blun-
ders had given force to the blows which he brought
down upon the war administration. Yes, Mr.
Webster is ready at this instant to put the mal
adroit General at the bead of the Government, that
he may-bring down upon our republican Institu-
tions the same mischiefs he once did upjoa our
But how shall we excuse Mr. Clay for his readi.
ne;s to unite with Mr. Webster, in elevating the
author of so many misfortunes during the'war to
the high, at c'vil and military station in ourI coun-
try ? Mr. Clay's interest in the war was directly
the reverse ot Mr. Webster's. Hle looked to its
triumphs, ita gloryas conferring national charac-
ter, and wiping out national huwiliatioas-lie
looked to the achiavenients of Jackson, 3rown,
arid Stdtt, to nerve the arms of future pa~riots to
drive the rthleisi invaders from our soil. 'But did
he l9ok to the exploits of Harrison? We ask
the public to read the passage given below'
wherein Mr. Clay sums up in a burst of eloquence

the gains of the war. It will be found that the
glory gainedd by Harrison was not remembered.
Four times, in his brief summary, does he recur
to the achievements of the man whom foi almost
twenty years he has made it his business to tra.
duce; but Harrisoi is forgotten. HARhISOv.,
who was associated as Commanding General with
so many of Mr. Clay's beloved friends-thc brave
IKentuckjans, who gained renown for themselves at
least, as soldiers and patriots-Harrison is forgot- i
ten! And why is he forgotten by Mr. Clay, when
proclaiming the names of the illustrious generals
who had covered their country with glory ? lie
could not have forgotten the triumph obtim nd by
his immediate neighbors, and friends, the farmers of
Fayette, Scott, Franklin,Henry, Owen, and Boone,
over the allied forces of Proctor and Teiumseh.2
lie could not have forgotten the gallant jnd glo-
rious enthusiasm with which, in different fields, -
under iiHarison 's command, his bosom friends, AL-
DUDLEY, D*VIESS, and. OWEN, poured
out their heart's blood for their country. He
could itot have forgotten the exploit of
his gallant young friend,. and native Ken

tuckian, Croghan. He could not have forgotten
altogether ,htfi deeds of the brave men, whose
Svalor has'ggiv imperishable renown to their native
State bfytdo the Atlantic. Why then did he fail
to name them? It %as in pity to General Harri-
son. He couldI not name those under Harrison,
S who had obtainedd ictories in spite of their com-
mantler, without disgracing jhim. Mr. Clay's
generosity spai-edih fi fthe humiliation w1jich the
Senate so unkindly, inflicted. The Senate voted
the honor ofthe Thamea to Shelby, and to
J,11suh'n,and in strikingqo0t his name, Harrison
U V ..... i. -

N6t eiUmBWilUt It t ih. an -t ho ould wot'
dt.lre s participation i thd tnatlortl lory tacquIred
by the wa1 Yes, national gl- which however
threxpressln may be ccndemnAd by some, must
be cherished by every genuine patriot. What do
I mean by national glory? Girtry stuh as Hull of
the Constitution, Jackson, Lawrence, Perry, have
acquired. And are gentlement insensible to their
deeds-to the value of them. in animating the
country in the hour cf peril thereafter? Did the
battle of Thermopylae preserve Greece but once?
Whilst the Mississippi continues to bear the tri-
butes of the lron Mountains, and the Alleghany,
to her Delta and to the Gulf of mexico, the 8th of
January shall be remembered, and the glory of
that day shall stimulate future patriots and nerve
the arms of unborn freemen in driving the pre-.
sumptuous invader from ojur co, untry's soil! Gen-
tlemnen may boast of their insei isibiiity to feelings
inspired by the contemplatic.n of such events.
But he would ask does !he re collection of Bunk-
eer's.hill, of Saratoga, of Yorkown, afford them no
pleasure? Every act of wnsble sacrifice to the
country--every instance of patriotic devotion to
her cause, has its beneficial influence. A nation's
character i& the sum of its splendid deeds, They
constitute- ore common patrimony-the nation's
inheritance. -They awe foreign powers. They
arouse and a'lioiate our own people.

It appears from the following that the most ar-
dent of Judge Wh.ite's Washington caucus mana-
gers, finds it necesh ary to confess that there is no
prospect of the peop le's candidate being elected.
This comes from Coltnel Forester's home:
From the M.cMinno;lle Gazette, of Sept. 24.
On Monday last, the first day of the present
term of the Circuit Courrt, the court having ad
journed for that purpose, Colone1 Forester ad-
dressed his constituents in thae court house in this
town. His ostensible object was to justify his
course in Congress, and to defend himself against
the charges ot inconsistency, and political apostacy,
preferred against him by m nany of his old friends.
The Colonel was cool a nd deliberate through-
out his effort; but we do n- t think he either bene-
fitted his reputation or his cause. In the course of
his address, he distinctly d crelared, that he had no
hope of electing Jedge U h', e ibq the People! This
as-ertion, as we think, seer ned to startle and asto-
nish his friends. Many s- eme d either mortified at
the knowledge ofthe metanc -oly fact, or at the
imprudence of its admission- pe.'haps both. The
Colonel said it was now certain that the election
would go into the House, andl prophesied that Judge
White would there be elec'; d. We were here
somewhat astonished that the speaker declined the
slightest allusion to the memuurable fact, that the
caucus of eleven, who made the Judge a candi-
date, solemnly declared to tjie nation, that Judge
White should be withdrawn :rather than sutler the
election to go into the House. As the Colonel did
not attempt to excuse the unblushing inconsisten-
cy of these two assertions, we are left to infer that
hlie considers it, as all ment of sense must, utterly
It is not a very great stretch of candor to make
this admission, considering that it requires oNE.
HUNDRED and FORTY EIGHT electoral votes to elect
a President-that White has but NINETY ONE can-
didates for the electoral college--that of these, his
Virginia, Missouri, and Illinois ticket. are pledged
to go for Harrison if there is any prospect of elect-
ing hWm, there being confessedly no possibility for
White, giving him the vote of every State he asks
-and that of the 91 votes, TWENTY ThREE are to
come from Virginia, rovUn fro m M3ississippi, n VE
from Illinois, SEVEN from dla bama, THREEz from
Missouri, THREE from drrkans as, and FrivE from
Louisiana-in all of which States his tickets,
although supported by every branch of the
opposition, have been entirely defeated in the
last elections for the State officers and legisla-
tive assemblies. Deduct these hopeless votes, and
Judge White will h-ve only FORTY-ONE if he
shall succeed in getting Tennessee and North and
South Carolina; and upon these THREE voTEs in the
tHouse of Representatives, it seems, Col. Forester
EL.ECTED!!" And upon what ground does the
Colonel indulge the hope that Judge White will
be taken up by the opposition States, in which he
has not been able to get an electoral ticket, in
preference to their successful candidate before
the people, who must get thrice three States in
the electoral college to bring the election into -
the House, with the aid ef Judge White? There !
is not one of the whole caucus who entertains the
remotest hope that White can be elected in or (
out of the House. If they tell the people of <
Tennessee so, they do it merely to cheat them, and -
mortify the President, by throwing the State into 1

the scale of the opposition, r
he party of" or/s" in Virginia, and other e
republican States, are proclaiming Harrison a c
horough-stilch democrat. In Ohio, they have made a
him a Jackson man pro hoe Iee. This new mask
is thus taken off in the Ohio Starke county Demo- t
crat: t
The federal party are making a desperate strug- t
gle to carry their candidates at the coming elec- r
tion. For this purpose, some of the leaders of the s
party who have long enjoyed the advantages of of- t
fice, are circulating that Gen. Harrison was an t
original supporter of President Jackson. Now the t
fact is well known throughout the State, that Gen. s
Harrison was one of the Clay electors in this State, b
aid that he has always been a warm opposer of' o
Gen. Jackson's administration. t'he object then e
is to deceive the unsuspecting farmer, and induce t
him to support a man for the Presidency who has s
always supported that mother of abominations, the 1
United States Bank.


We have been often amused at the opposition
raifing- against the Secretary of the Treasury,
becau-el he does not choose to make rash and
speculative estimates, but byadhering to safe gen-
eral principles, keeps- cautiously in his computa-
tions sor.ewhat within the maik. Last winter,
on two or three occasions, we showed that even
Mr. Calhoun and' Mr. Ewing differed much more
in their estimates from the actual results than did
even the Secretary, while pursuing his prudent
and secure course. But the editor of the Tele-
,raph. though very noisy on this subiect. is necu-

Sthe followiing 14 irom Nikielne's Wat 16iipuirimf
and Counterfeit Duiector
Mr. BiTiL has not yet answered our letter of
September 24th, which wai published in last
Tuesday's Reporter. We have some further re-
marks to 'make in relation to the course of this
gentleman, which shall be given in our next.

FIRST DAI.--l. A Sweepstakes for three-year
olds; two-mile heats; was won by Isaac of York, in
two heats.
2. Washington Plate, value $500; two-mile heats;
won by James S. Garrison's Bumper.
-SECOiD DAr.-Sweepstakes for three-year olds;
$100; two-mile heats;' won by Charles Magic, in
two heats. Time, 4 m. 13 s. 4 m. 15 s ; track
very heavy from rain.
TainD DAT.-The entries for the Proprietor's
Purse this day offer one of the finest fields of
horses ever presented on this course, and excellent
sport may be anticipated.
Proprietor's Purse, $500; three mile heats-en-
trance $20.
1. Francis Thompson enters b h Red Rover,
2. William Burke enters b h Basto.
3. Carey Thompson enters b c Sadl.
4. Samuel Sprigg enters b f Atalanta.
5. James L. Garrison enters ch h Bremo.
6. General Gibson enters Mr. Ba-len's b h Jim-
crack, Jr,
7. John Heth en'era ch c Expern'ment.

From i he Savannal Georgian.
Again has old Chatham spoken-again does the
star spangl-d banner wave triumphantly. Having
gained since the last election two more stata en
its azure firld, the concentrated brilliance of the
constellation appals the crest-fallen serpent of
null;ficatioa, and again that serpent writhes with
the stripes it has dared to encounter. There is no
mistake in the democracy of Chitham.
Our whole ticket has beaten the opposite ticket
192 votes; and our ticket fib the House, whose
average majority last year was 169, is this year
(although the poll was smaller by upwards of 200
votes) 190 ahead. With this result, what appre-
hension can exist that old Chatham will ever be
found supporting other than correct principles.
Here is the result:
Union. N utufieation.
Coffee, 468 Alford, 305
Cleveland, 472 Black, 303
Glascock, 486 Colquett, 204
Grantland, 473 Dawson, 307
Haynes, 473 "tabersham, 309
floley, 470 Jackson, 313
Jacksmon, 470 King, 307
Owens, 468 Nesbit, 305
['owns, 4!2
From the Baltimore Republic:in.
We lay before our readers this mornliig an ad-
dress from Dr. Duvall, respleciing- whom .Jur op-
ponents have made various allegations, all of
which we knew to be untrue. From this address
the public will perceive how entirely unfounded
those allegations have beei,, and the light in which
he has viewed them. Difficult as they have been
to be convinced, we trust they will now perceive
that they have nothing to expect from Dr. D.
and we can assure them that they have as little to
expect from any of the other gentlemen upon
whom they have been calculating. We tell
them now, as we have always tod them, that 1.o
Senate can or will be elected. All, therefore,
that remains to be done, is to prepare for the
formation of a new constitution, and our opponents
may just as well conclude at once to join
with us in its formation. What say you? wil
you participate with us in the work, or leave us to
accomplish it alone? We leave you to decide, but
you must decide quickly, or the work will be ac-
complished without, your aid, and to our own

I had hoped that nothing would occur to make
it necessary for me to appear again be fore the
public. In the address of the nineteen Electors,
which I signed, it is announced! to the people of
Maryland, that no one of them would participate
in the formation of a Senate. The reasons fur that
determination are succinctly given in that paper. I
They were understood by me when 1 signed it--
they were sanctioned by me then-they aret ad-
hered to now, and at no time since that publica-
tion was first made, have I by act or word justified "
a belief that I would change the position then as. i
iumed; on the contrary, I have uniformly declared
before and since the last election, that I had deli- t
berately formed the opinion expressed in the ad- i
Iress, ani had solemnly determined to act in ac-
eordance with it. Notwithst.,ndingf this uneqiiivo- 4
eal and undisguised course on my part, some busy I
)odies, who appear to think they know better than "
[ do myself what I propose to do, have continued I

to circulate the report that 1 intend to go to An- f
napolis, and afford an opportunity to the gentle- t
nen there assembled, to form a Senate. It ap- a
)ears to me to be a duty that I owe to the peopi- t
of the whole State, to put to rest at once, and I 1
lope forever, this idle, mischievous, and unfound- p
ed rumor. For that purpose, I now publicly de- p
clare that I do not intend to change the ground t
assumed by me, as one of the Nineteen Electors. t
t was not taken without full reflection, and subse (
Lent observation has served to satisfy me that by c
he course we have pursued, and by it alone, can q
tie people of Maryland be speedily and peaceably ti
restored to thle enjoyment of their inalienable 1I
ights and privileges. The issue of the last elec- A
ion, alone, ought to satisfy every reasonable and f
unprejudiced man that a convenliein ought to as- ii
emble to revise and amend the Constitution of v
his State. The election was in some degree a a
rial of strength between two great political par- b
ies. By one of them twenty, and by the other a
ixty members of the House of Delegates, have tl
been chosen, and by an examination of the returns t
Df the election, it appears that the twenty Delegates e
elected by one party, represent about 176,000 of o
he free white inhabitants of the State, and the n
ixty Delegates have been chosen by about t
13,000 free white inhabitants.
If there was then, no other defect in the con- s
titution, but that which produces such a gross a
equality as this, in the power possessed by the v
people to vote for those who are to levy and dis- v
urse taxes-to participate in the passage of all 14
aws, and in the formation of the Executive and h
judicial departments of the Government, the con- v
titutien of Maryland would be utterly unworthy s
f the age. But the unjust apportionment of re- b
resentati.es to the House of Delegates is not the r
nly objection felt by me, and entertained by those a
lio are my. constituents to the present State t
oustitution. 1 desire to see all life estates abolish- n
d, and a less tyrannical, and more economical ti
idiciary establishment created. I desire to see e
ower given to the people to elect their own Go- tl
ernior, Senators and country officers, and hope s,
he day is not far distant when Marylanders will in
nlnv llikr rDrivilpfo-sQ in ithe ch i- A nf ,01 1 ..i.,.. tl

en0, republican in its ch,,ra aeti and inmpaititi h
its dispensations of benefit and burdens to the
whole people, fbr whose good and happiness it iv
to be created. The political p.nic-.m:kers may,
for a time, stagger and alarm the timid. But
there will be suci a reaction as will carry dismay
to the hearts of those desperate men, who, for
mere party purposes, are now jeopardizing the
peace and good order of society, by circulating
the most disgraceful and unfounded faidsehoods.
To the people of Montgomery, by whom I was
elected, I beg leave to tender now publicly my
henitfelt grattude for their generous and prompt
approbation of my course, and to invite them to
unite with the republicans of other portions of
Maryland in that spirit which did honor to, and
immortaliz d tho patriots of seventy-six, in tht
good aa.d just work of establishing peace ably and
soberly a form of government worthy of the de-
scendants of Chase, Carroll, and Paca.
1 am, very respectfully,
Your fellow-citizen,


Delivered in the House of Representatives of the
United States, on the 14th of January, 1814, on
a bill making further provision for filling the
ranks of the regular army, encouraging enlist-
ments, and auihorizieg the enlistments for
longer periods of men whose terms of service
are iibont to expire.
MR. SrPEAzr : It was not my intention to offer
myself to your notice on this question. I have
changed my purpose only in consequence of the
course which the debate took yesterday, on an
amendment propos4,d by me, to one of the sub-
ordinate provisions of this bill. The observations
to which that occasiori gave rise, have induced
me to prefer a~signiig ry own rt.as ns fur my
own vote, rather than to trust Io the j-istce or
charity of the times to assign reasons for me.
The design of this bill is to encou'-age, by
means of a very extraf'rdina'-y bo'in'y, enlist-
,ments into the regular army. Laws a'-cady ex-
isting, and other bills now in progress before the
lIouFe, provide : for the organization o(' an armiy
of sixty.three thousand mc(n. For the puir-p,:se o0
fillingilhe ranks of itht army, the bill before us pro-
r, oses to give to each recruit, a bounrity of'on ,:utI-
dred an.d twenty-four dollars,and tree hu'-,dred and
twenty acres of land. It offers aluo a premriiu
of eii;ht dollars to every person, in or omw of th,
army, citizen or soldier, whot shall procure an
blI( -bodiced man to be enlisted.
Before, sir, I can determine, for myself. wleth-
er so great a military force should le raised, and.
at so great an expense, I am bound to inquire into
the object to which that torce is to be applied. i
the public exigency sh'll, in my judgment, de-
rnmnd it; if any abject connected with the protec-
tion of the country, and the safely of its citizens,
sha!l require it; and if 1 shail see reasonahl..-
ground to believe that the force, when raised, wil
be applied to meet that exigency, and yield that
protection, I shall not be restraint d by any cor.n.-i
rations ot expense, from givilrg my support to
the measure. I am aware that the country rneerd.
defence, and 1 am anxiuuF thAt defence ,Ihou!d be
l)rvi;led for it, to the iilest extent, and in the
pro-,ptest mariner. But what is ilhe object of this
bi!ll To what service is this ar-ay destined, when
its ranks shall be filled? We are told sir, that
the frontier is invaded, anrd that troops are wanted
to repel that invasion. It is too true that ihe fron-
tier is invaded; that the war, with all its horrors,
ordinary and extraordinary, is brought within our
own territories; and that the inhabitants, near the
country of the enemy, are comnpelled to fly, light-
ed by the fires of th:,ir own houses, or to stay and
meet the foe, unprotected by any adequate aid of
Government. But show me, that by nyrw vote of
mine, or any effort of mine, I can contribute to the
relief of such distress. Show me that the purpose
of Government, in this measure, is to provide de-
fence for the frontiers. I aver 1 see no evidence
of any such intention. I have no assurance that
this army will be applied to any such object.
There are, as was said by my honorable friend
fro'i New York, (Mr Grosvenor,) strong reasons
to inrfcr the contrary, from the fact that the forces
hitherto raised have not been so applied, in any
suitable or sufficient proportion. The defence-
of our own territory seems hitherto to have been
rf girded as an object of secon'lary importrance, a
duty of a lower order than the invasion of the ene-
my. The army raised last year was competent to
defend the frontier. To that purpose government
did not see fit to apply it. It was not competent,
as the event proved, to invade vith success the
provinces of the enemy. To t\\1H purpose, howev-
er, it was applied. The substantial benefit which
might have been obtained, .nd ought to have been
obtained, was sacrificed to a scheme of conquest.
n my opinion a wild <-ne, commenced without
neans, prosecuted without plan or concert, and
ending in disgrace. otor is it the inland fi-ontier
)nly that hks been left defenceless. The sea coast
has been, in many pl.icc.:, wholly exposed. Give
ne leave to slate oKC instance. The mouth o- one
o)f the largest risers in the eastern i.ection of the
UJnion is deftnded by a ibrt mor.nting fbur teen guns.
This fort, for a grea.t part of the last season, was
golden by one man anl one boy only. I state the
act on the authority of an honorable ..rentlernan of

his House. Other cases, almost equly fl-graut,
are known to have existed; in some (if which in-
terests of a peculiar character and great magnitude
have been at stake. With this knowledge of the
)ast, I must have evidence of some'change in the
purposes of the adminis! ration, before I can vote for
his bill, under an expectation that protection will
hereby be afforded to either frontier of the Union.
suchh change there is no intimation. On the
contrary, gentlemen tell us explicitly, that the ac-
[uisition of Canada is still deemed to be an essen-
ial object; and the vote of the house within the
ast half hour has put the matter beyond doubt-
An honorable gentleman from Virginia (Mr. Shef-
ey) has proposed an amendment to this bill, limit
ng the service of the troops to be raised by its pro-
-isions, to objects of defence. To the bill thus
mended he offered his support, and would have
been cheerfully followed by h4; friends. TIhe
mendmient was rejected. It is certain, therefore,
hat the real object of this proposition to increase
he military force to an extraordinary degree, by
extraordinary means, is to act over agan the scenes
-f the two last campaigns. To that object I can-
lot lend my support. I am already satis-fied with
he exhibition.
Give me leave to say, sir, that the tone on the
subject of the conquest of Canada seems to be not
little changed. Before the war, that conquest
vas represented to be quite an easy affair. The r
aliant spirits who meditated it, were only fearful
est it should be too easy to be glorious. They
ad no apprehensions, except that resistance t
would not be so powerful as to render the victory (
plendid. These confident expectations were,
however, accompanied with a commendable 7pi-
it of moderation, the true marks of great minds,
nd it was gravely said that wv ought not to make a
oo large a grasp for dominion, but stop in our v
rnarch of conquest northward, somewhere about I
1e line of perpetual congelation, and to leave our h
enemies or others, the residue of the continent to
lie pole. How happens it, sir, that this country, c
o eas-y of acquisition, and. ever which, accord- b
ng to the prophesies, we were lo iave been by h
his tim 2 leirislatinv- 1ivii in.r i t i-i+,.. Ci _-i

frbte oo ftuth, and rtesi i, aid tafarlent, It wat not
his own weakness, his own ambition, his own love
of arbitrary power, which disaffected the colonies.
It was not the tea act, tile stamp 'ct, or the Boston
port bill, that severed the empire of Britain. Oh
not It was owing to no fault of administration:
it was the work of opposition: it was the imperti-
nert boldness of Chatham, the idle declamation of
Fox, and the unseasonable sarcasm of Barre!
These men, anid men like them, would not join
the minister in his American war; they would
not give thie name and character of wisdom to that
which they believed to be the Cxtreme of filly;
they would not pronounce those measures just andl
honorable, which their principles I:d them to de-
test. They declared the minister's war to be wan-
ton. They foresaw its end, and pointed it out plain-
ly, both to the minister and to the country. He
pronounced the opposition to be selfish and fac-
tious. Ile persisted in his course; and the result is
in history.
This example of ministerial justice seems to
have become a model for these times and this
country. With slight shades of difference, owing
to different degrees of talent and ability, the imi-
tation is sufficiently exact. It requires little ima-
gination to fancy ooe's self sometimes to be listen-
ing to a recitation of the captivating orations of
the occupants of Lord North's treasury bench.
We are told that our opposition has divided the
government, and divi led the country. Remem-
ber, sit', the state of the government %nd the coun-
try, when the war was declared. Did not differ-
ences of opinion then exist? I)o we not know that
this house was divided? Do we not knowthat the
other house was still more divided? Does not
every man, to whom the public documents are ac-
cessible, know, that in that other house, one sin-
gle vote, having been given otherwise than it was,
would have rejected the act declaring war, and
adopted a different course of measures? A paren-
tal, guardian go-o eriment, would have regarde-d
that state of things. It would have weighed such
considerations-it would have inquired coully and
dispassionately into the state of public opinion, in
thIe St'tes of this Confederacy-t would have
locked especially to those States most concerned
in the professed objects of the war, anrid whose in-
terests were to be most deeply affected by it.
Such a governmie;.t, knowing that its srength con-
sisted in the union of opinion among the people,
V' .-ld have taken no step, of such importance,
without that un:o.t; nor would it have mistaken
mere pa;ty feeling for national sentiment.
That occasion), sir, called fur a large and liberal
view of things. Not only thie degree of union in
the sentintrents of tie p, ple; but the nature and
structure of tLhe government; tie g-engz-al habits
and lpirstits ofthiv- community; the probable con-
s':qi-tnces of the war, immlwd--ite anrid remote, on
our civil institutions; the effect of a vast military
patronage; the variety of important 1 cal interests
and objects;-these were considerations tssen-
tially belonging to the subject. it was not enough
that g'ov.rntrnent could make out is cause of war
on paper, ;,nd get the better of E:ngl'and in thie ar-
gumnent. 'Tii':; was requisite; but not all that was
requisite. The question of vwar or peace, in a
country like this, is not to be compressed into the
compass that would befit a small litigation. It is
not to be made to turn uponm a pin. incapable it
*ts nature of being( decided upon technical rules, it
i; urr.fit to be discussed in tie manmr which usually
appertains to the forensic habit. It should be r(-
garded as a great question, riot only of right, but
also of prudence and expediency, Reasons of a
general nature; reasons of a moral nature; consi-
derations which go back to the origi:, of our in-
stitutions, and other considerations which look for-
ward to our hopeful progress in future times, all
belong, in their just proportions and gradations,
to a question, in the determination of which, tihe
happiness of present and future generations may
be -o much concerned.
I have Iheard no satisfactory vindication of the
war on grounds like those. I hey appear niot to
have suited the temper of that time. [Jtteriy
astonished at the declaration of war, I have been
surprised at nothing since. Unless all history de-
ceived me, I saw how it would be prosecuted,
when I siw how it was beg-un. There is in the
nature of things an unchangeable relation be-
tween rash counsel and feeble execution.
It was not, sir, the minority that brought on
th.e war. Look to )our records, fr-m the date
of the embargo, in 1807, to June, 1812. Every
thing- that men could do, they tlid, to stay
your course. When at last they could effect no
more, they urged you to delay yur measures.
They entreated you to give yet a little time for
deliberation, and to wait for favorable events.
As if inspired for the purpose of arresting your
progress, they laid before you the consequences
of your measures, just as we have seen them
since take place. They predicted to you their
effects on public opinion. They told you, that in-
stead of healing, they would inflame political dis-
sensions. They pointed out to you, also, what
would and what must happen on the frontier.
That which since hatir happened there, is but
their prediction turned into history. Vain is the
hope, then, of escaping just retribution, by im
putinig to the minority of the Government, or to
the opposition among- the people, the disasters of
tjnese times. Vain is the attempt to impose thus
on the commoat sense of mankind. The world

has had too much experience of ministerial shifts
and evasions. It has learned to judge of men by
their actions, and of measures by their conse-
If tie purpose be, by casting these imputations
upon those who are opposed to the policy of the
Government, to check their freedom of inquiry,
discussion, and deba-e, such purpose is also inca-
pable of being executed. That opposition is con-
stitutional and legal. It is also conscientious. It
rests in settled and sober conviction, that such po-
licy is destructive to the interests of the people,
and dangerous to the being of the Government.
The experience of every day confirms these senti-
ments. Men who act from such motives, are not
to be discouraged by trifling obstacles, nor awed
by any dangers. 'i'hey know the limit of consti-
tutional opposition-up to that limit, at their own
discretion, they will walk, and walk fearklssly. Ift'
they should find, in the history of th.ir country, a
precedent for going over, I trust they will ,ot fol-
low it. They are not of a school in which insur-
rection is taught as a virtue. They will not seek
promotion through the paths of sedition, nor quali-
ty themselves to serve their country in any of the
high departments of its Government, by making
rebbilion the first element in their political science.
Important as I deem it to discuss, on all proper
occasions, lthe policy of the measures at present
pursued, it is, still more important to maintain the
right of such discussion in its full and just extent.
Sentiments lately sprung up, and now growing
fashionable, make it nLcessary to be explicit on
this point. The more I perceive a disposition to
check the freedom of inquiry by extravagant and
unconstitutional pretences, the tirmer shall be the
tone in which I shall assert, and the freer the man-
her in which I shall exercise it. It is the ancient
and undoubted p-erogative of this people to can-
vass public measures and the merits of public men.
It is a "homebred right," a fireside privilege. It
hath ever been enjoyed in every house, cottage
mnd cabin in the nation. It is not to be drawn into
cointrovtrsy. It is as undoubted as the right of
b;r-eathing the air, or walking on the earth. Be- f
ongoing to private life as a right, it belongs to pub-
1ic lif,- R ..1 f i .- 1S a nd o ^ .f 1 .~. ... 1-1 l ,,_ _

has betn diintiltUy av-wed by public tmem, in
a publiU manner. And if this be not the object,
it is not easy to see the connection between your
means and ends. At least, that portion of the
people, that is not in the habit of refining far,
cannot see it. You are, you say, at war for mari-
time rights and free trade. But they see you lock
up your commerce and abandon the oce.n. They
see you invade an interior province of the enemy.
'1 hey ste you involve yourselves in a bloody war
with the native savages; and they ask you, if you
have in truth, a maritime controversy with tie
western Indians, and are really contending for
sailor's rights with the tribes of the Prophet In,
my judgment, the popular sentiment, in this case,
corrsptonds with the soundest political discretion.
ii my humble opinion, you are not only not able to
travel in the road you have taken, but if you were,
it would not conduct you to your object.
1 am aware, sir, that both the professed objects
of the war, a.d the manner (,f prosecuting i', may
receive the nominal approbation of a great majori-
ty of those, who constitute the prevailing party
in the country. But 1 know also how extremely
fallacious any inference from that circumstance
would be, in favor of the real popularity of the
measure. In times like these, a great measure of
a prevalent party becomes incorporated with the
party interest. To quarrel with the mineasure;
would be to abandon the pariy. Party conside-
rations, therefore, induce an acquiescence in that,
on which the fate of party is supposed to depend.
Gentlemen, sir, fall into strange inconsistcnci-s
on this subject. They tell us that the war is popu-
lar; that the invasion of Canada is popular, and that
it would have succeeded', before this time, had it
not been fur the force of opposition. Sir, what
gives force to opposition in tOi. country? Cer-
tainly nothing but thie popularity of the cause of
opposition, and the numbers who espouse it. Up-
on this argument, then, in what an unprecedent-
ed condition are the people ofth.se States? We
have on our hands a most popular war; we have
also a most popu ar opposition to that war. We
cannot push the measure, the opposition is so
popular. We c:innot retract it. me measure it-
seif :s so popular. We can neither go forward,
nor backward. We are at the very centre of gra-
vity;-the poiit of perpetual rest!
Slhe t. uith is, sir, that party support is not the
kind of support necessary to sustain the country
through r. long, t xp,,-nsive, and bloody contest;
and this should have bcn considered before, the
war was declared. The cause, to be successful,
Just be uphie d by other. sentiments, and higher
motives. It mun t draw to itself the sober appro-
bation of the great mass of the people. It must
enl:st not their temporary or part) feelings, but
their steady patriutismni, and their constant zeal.
Unlike the old nations of Europe, there are in this
country no dregs of population fit only to supply
the constant waste of war, ard out of which an
army can be raised, frr hire, at ,iiny time, aad fur
any purpose. Armies of a:-y magnitude can here
be nothing but t;ie people embodied; arid if the
object be onie for wi:ich the people wiil not em-
body, there can be no armies. It is, I think, too
pla n to be doubted that the conquest of Canada
is such an object. They oo not. teel 'he impuise
of adequate motive. Not umtnrnindful of m'n tary
distinction, they ;.re yet not sanguine of laurels in
this contest. The harvest, thus far, they perceive,
has not been great. The prospect of the future
is nu greater. Nor are they altogether reconciled
to the principle of this invasion. Canada, they
know, is not to be conquered, but by drenching
it soil in the blood of its inhabitants. They have
no thirst for that blood. The border-etis, on the
line, connected by blood and marriage, and all
the ties of social life, have no dispo-,ition to bear
arms against one another. Merciless ii.ieed has
been thlie fate (cf some of these people. I under-
stand it to be fact that, in some of the affairs
which we call battles, because we have had noth-
ing else to give the namrne to, brother has been in
arms against brodtier. 'The bosom of the parent
has been exposed to the bayonet of his own son.
Sir, I honor the people that shrink from a warfare
iike this. I applaud their sentiments and their
feelings. They are such as religion and humanity
dictate, and such as none but cannibals would wisi
to eradicate from the human heart.
You Lave not suxc-eeded in dividing the people
of tte provinces from their Government. Your
commanders tell you that they are universally hos-
tile to your cause. It is not, therefore, to make
war on their Government; itistoimake war, fierce.
cruel, bloody war on tha people themselves, that
you call to your standard the yeomanry of the
northern States. The experience of two cam-
paigns should have taught you, that they will not
obey that call. Government has put itself in every
posture. It has used supplication and entreaty; it
has also menaced, and it still menaces, compulsion.
All is in vain. It cannot longer conceal its weak-
ness on this point. l.ook to the bill before you
Does not that speak a language exceeding every
thing 1 have said? You last year gave a bounty of
sixteen dollars. You now propose to give a boun-
ty of one hundred and twenty-four dollars, and
you say you have no hope of obtaining men at a
io'tw'er ra'e. Thins is sufficient to convince me, it
will be sufficient to convince the enemy, and the
whole world, yourselves only excepted, what pro-
gress your Cauada war is making in the affections
of the people.
It is to no want of natural resources, or natural

strength, in the country that your failures can be
attributed. The northern States alone are able to
overrun Canada in thirty days, armed or unarmed,
in any cause which should propel them by induce-
ments sufficiently powerful. Recur, sir, to histo-
ry. As early as 1745, the New England colonies
raised an army of five thousand men, and took
Louisburg from the troops of France. On what
point of the enemy's territory, let me ask, have
you brought an equal force to bear in the whole
course of two campaigns? On another occasion,
more shan half a century ago, Massachusetts alone,
although its population did not exceed one third
of its present amount, had an army of twelve thou-
sand men. Of these, seven thousand were atone
time employed against danada. A strong motive
was then felt to exist. With equal exertion, that
Commonwealth could now furnish an army of
40,000 men.
You have prosecuted this invasion for two cam-
paigns. They have cost you vastly more, upon
the average, than the campaigns of the revolution-
ary war. The project has cost the American peo
pie nearly half as much as the whole price paid
for independence. The result is before us. Who
ldoes not see and feel, that this result disgraces us?
Who does not see in what estimation our martial
prowess must be by this time holden, by the ene-
my, and by the world? The administration has
made its master effort to subdue a province, three
thousand miles removed from the mother country;
lying at our own doors; scarcely equal in natural
strength to the least of the States in this Confede-
racy, and defended by external aid to a limited
extent. It has persisted two campaigns, and it
has failed. Let the responsibility rest where it
ought. The world will not ascribe the issue to
want of spirit ,nd patriotism in the American peo-
ple. Tiie possession of those qualities, in high
arnd honorable degrees, they have heretofore illus-
triously evinced, and spread out the proof on the
record of their revolution. They will be still
true to thcir character, in any cause which they
feel to be their own. In all causes, they will de-
fend themselves. The enemy, as we have seen,

tonstitutiolh stme person, to whusi o-pening 'iioew
the future had been disclosed, had appeared
among them. He Would have seen there the pa-
triots who rocked the cradle of liberty in.Ameri.
ca. He would have seen there statesmen and
warriors, who had borne no dishonorable parts in
the councils of their county and on her fields of
battle. IHe would have found these men recom.
mnendintg the adoption of this instrument to a peo.
plb full of the feeling of independence, and na-
turally jealous of ail governments but their own.
And he would have found that the leading, the
principal, ard the fina ly prevalent argument, was
thec protection and extension of commerce.
Now suppose, sir, that tils person, having the
knowledge of future time.!, had told them: "This
instrument to which you now commit your fates,
shall for a time not deceive your hopes. Ad-
ministered and practised, as you inow understand
it, it h,.li enable you to carry your favorite
pursuits to an unprecedented extent. The in.
create of your numbers, of your wealth, and
of your general prosperity, blihall exceed your
expectat ons. But other times shall arrive,
other counsels shall prevail. In the midst of
this extension and growth of commerce and pros-
pe, ity, an embargo, severe and universal, shall be
laid upon you, for eighteen months. This shall
be succeeded by non-importations, restrictions,
and embarrassments, of every description. War,
with the most powerful maritime nation on earth,
shall follow. This war shall be declared profes.
scdly for your benefit, and the protection of your
interest. It shall be declared, nevertheless, against
your urgent remonstrance: your voice shall be
heard, but it shall be heard only to be disregarded.
It shall be a war for sailors' rights, against the sen-
tim!nts of those to whom eight-tenths of the sea-
men of the country belong. It shall be a war for
maritime rights, forced upon those who are alone
interested in such conc-rns It shall be brought
upon you by those to whom seamen and commerce
shall be alike unknown; who shall never have
heard the surges of the sea; and into whose minds
'he ide-, of a ship shall never have entered through
the eye, ti l they shall come from beyond the west-
ern hills, to take the protection of your maritime
rights, and the guardianship ofyour commercial in-
t, rests into their skilful and experienced hands.
Bringir.g the enemy to the blockade of your ports,
they shall leave your coasts to be undefended, or
,let' ended by yourselves. Mindful of what may yet
remain of your commerce, they sha I visit you wih
another enib.argo. They shall cut off your inter-
course of every description with foreign nations.
This not ornly; they shall cut off your intercourse
of every description by water with your sister
States. This not only; they shall cut off your in-
tercourse of every description by water between
the pits of your own States. They shall seize
your accustomed commerce, in every limb, nerve,
and fibre, and hold it as in the jaws of death."
I now put it to you, si;', whether if this prac-
tical administration of the constitution had been
laid before them, they would have ratified it. I
ask you, if the hand of Hancock himself would
not sooner have committed it to the flames? If,
then, sir, they did not believe, and from the terms
of the instrumin nt had no reason to believe, that it
conferred such powers on the Government, then,
I say, the present course of its administration is
not consistent wiLi ils spirit and meaning.
Let any man examine ouir history, and he will
find that the constitution of the country owes its
existence to the commerce of the country. Let
him inquire of those who are old enough to re-
member, and they will tell it to him. The idea of
such a compact, as is well known, was first un-
fol-led in a meeting of delegates from different
States, holden for the purpose of making somevo-
luntary agreements respecting trade, and estab-
lishing a common tariff. I see near me an honora-
ble and venerable gentleman (Mr. Schureman of
New Jersey) who bore a part in the deliberations
of that assembly, and who put his hand to the first
recommendation ever addressed to the people of
these States by any body of men, to form -a rnation-
al constitution. Hle will vouch for the truth of amy
remark. He will tell you the motives which actu-
ated him and his associates, as well as the whole
country, at that time. The faith of this nation is
pledged to its commerce, f( rmallIy and solemnly.
[ call upon you to redeem that pledge; not by sac-
rificing-, while you profess to regard it; but by un-
shackling it, and protecting it, and fostering it, ac-
cording to your ability, arid the reasonable expec-
tations of those who have committed it to the
care of Government. In the commerce of the
country, the cor-stitution had its birth. In
the extinction of that commerce it will find
its grave. I use not the tone of intimidation
or menace, but I forwarn you of consequences.-
Let it be remembered, that in my place, this day,
and in the discharge of my public you to alter your course. I urge to you the lan-
guage of entreaty. I beseech you, by your beat
hopes of your country's prosperity-by your re-
garui for the preservation of her Government and
her Union-by your own ambition, as honorable
men, of leading hereafter in the cotncls of a great
and growi-g emire-1 conjure you, by every mo-
tive which can be addressed to the mind of man,
lhat you abandon your system m of restrictions-
'hat you abandon it at once-and abandon it for-

The humble ai(, which it would be in my pow-
er to render to measures of Government, sball be
given cheerfully, if Government will pursue mea-
sures which I can conscientiously support. Badly
as I think of the original grounds of the war, as
well as of the manner in which it has been hither-
to conducted, if eve n now, failing in an honest and
sincere attempt to procure just and honorable
peace, it \%il return to measures of defence and
protection, such as reason, and common sense, and
the public opinion allcall tor, nmy vote shall not b
withholden from the means. Give up your futie
projt cts of invasion. Extinguish the fires that blaze
on your inland frontiers. Establish perfect safety
and defence there, by adequate force. Let every
man that sleeps on your soil, skip in security.
Stop the blood that flows from the veins of unarmed
yeomanry and women and children. Give to the
living time to bury and lament tl:eir (lead, in the
quietness of private sorrow. Having performed this
work of benficence and mercy on your inlat.d
bcrd.r, turn, and look with the eye of justice and
compassion on your vast population along the coast.
Unclench the iron grasp of your embargo. Take
measures for that end before another sura sets upon
you. With all the war of the enemy on your
commerce, if you would cease to war on it your-
selves, you would still have some commerce.
That commerce would give you some revenue.
Apply that revenue to the augmentation of your
navy. That navy, in turn, will protect your com-
merce. Lut it no longer be said that not one
ship of force, built by your hands since the war,
yet floats upon the ocean. Turn the current of
your efforts into the channel which national senti-
ment has already worn broad and deep to receive
it. A nval force, competent to defend your
coast against considerable armaments, to convoy
your trade, and perhaps raise the blockade of
your rivers, is not a chimera. It may be realized.
If, then, the war must be continued, go to the
ocean. If you are seriously contending for mari-
time rights, go to the theatre where atone those
rights can be defended. Thither ev(ry indication
of your fortune points you. There the united
wishes and exertions of the nation will go with
yOU. Even our nartv dliv;isnn, ;.Qri;morniuI n