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The globe
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073657/00003
 Material Information
Title: The globe
Uniform Title: Globe (Washington, D.C. Semiweekly)
Running title: Semi-weekly globe
Physical Description: v. : ; 56-60 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: F.P. Blair
Place of Publication: Washington D.C
Creation Date: September 10, 1836
Publication Date: 1830-1845
Frequency: semiweekly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Available on microfilm from the Library of Congress Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Dec. 7, 1830)-v. 14, no. 7 (Dec. 28, 1843) ; new ser., v. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1, 1844)-new ser., v. 2, no. 35 (Apr. 30, 1845).
Numbering Peculiarities: Continuous pagination, <Jan. 1, 1844>-
General Note: Supplements accompany some issues.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 08786335
lccn - sn 82014042
System ID: UF00073657:00003
 Related Items
Related Items: Globe (Washington, D.C. : Daily)
Related Items: Daily globe (Washington, D.C. : 1844)
Related Items: Globe (Washington, D.C. : Weekly)
Related Items: Extra globe (Washington, D.C. : 1832)
Related Items: Extra globe (Washington, D.C. : 1834)
Related Items: Weekly globe (Washington, D.C. : 1841)
Related Items: Dollar globe
Succeeded by: Semi-weekly union (Washington, D.C.)

Full Text

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TRANCIS P. BHAi41h EnDITOI.

F UAN I&.P"RTtIRJ AWL PC., S. N it
.*?' ^ ;;,-J. i t- i~b. ** *
Diy papvr per nBum,.,-. ......e* ...$10 00
W*Olrwyi ly,....4o... ....... .....* SA 0,
W1elky......., do.......*...........9 50
-Xxtiv Olobs, for ixaoith .... .,1 00
'r/ess than a "w
DIy, per month, ....... 0...,..; .... 0
s' 8ubscriptions to t.he Daily for less thsn two, to
the f-'ilrSWe,3kly for less than four, or'to trie
Weekly for les than twelve months, will not be
eecif ed .. '
Sub~irlbert' y dicaont nIe their papers at
any time by pa i1g for .the time they have re-
cived them ni* b t, wwith '.
ATos who st0bcribe fot. a year, and do not
0t thi .ti of subscribing, order a discontinuance
t tbi e d of it, will ,be poisidered subscribers
Until they, order the pAper )to be topped, and pay
all a/FrN~ses.
tR ,..f ioS'- toN ABDaS KEi*r .
w,@ilV lines, or lass there inStrtion.. $i 00
^ r additional Iasertion,....*.*.*>..*0 25
4..onpr atvertisements charged in proportion.
A liberal disc.untnade to those who advertise
,4kiihc year.
Sllpayments' to be made in advaufe. Those
*who nave uot, opportunity of poying other..
Wise, my r. emit. y maia, at our risk, postage paid.
The Postmtster's certificate of such remittance,
6h.l be a sufficient receipt therefore. The notes
-, Ovfjny.qptie.paying banks will, be received.
W, 4 atitentior will be given to any order, unless the
mwy, or ,a Postmanwste"s certificate that it kas been
reaw ,0aJ te rs to the Proprietors, charged with post-
age, will not be taken out of the Post Olffie.

FRIDAY MORNING, SEPT. 9,'1836.

"LABORS OF THE OPPOSITION IN TEN-
NESSEE."
It seems Mr. Clay has sent his deputy, Senator
Porter, to Nashville,to take a sort ofpedispassessio of
the State, upon the faith of the bargain with Bell,
White, & Co. Mr. Port:r.S erta.'-''7 c-
-- t ,urn t'te hearts of the people of
Tennessee.against the old Chief, and to aid Bell
and his faction in giving Clay a foothold in the
State. A man of bolder irfTpudence certainly nev-
e r thrust himself into Tennessee since the days of
Patftck Darby. He came from Ireland, studied
law in Nashville, went down the river in "a flat
boat," and "gentlemen, (says he,) I am now here
after the expiration of twenty-six years, with bet-
ieredfortune, which Iowa to myself, and occupying
aproudposition, which I do not owe lo myself," &c.
And what doc.s" Paddy Porter come fior, after his
twenty-six years of absenteeism? He tell them-he
scorns to remember dear old Ireland, but, after
speaking of the confiding kindness of the people
of Louisiana, among whom he lives, goes on thus:
"It is. said, gentlemen, by Addison, in one of
those delighttul essays in the Spectator, (a work
which must ever hold its plhce in the human mind
so long as purity of thought and diction has any
charm for it) that one of the most affecting situa-
tirons in which a human being can be placed, is a
mans return to the place of his nativity, after a
long lapse of years, with an improved fortune and
an approving conscience. Gentlemen, I feel at
!"this moment all which the imagination of that wri-
ter conceived. ], have ever considered Nashville
as my second home. In nautical phrase, '1 have
ever hailedfrom it,' and I am proud that my place
of departure, is sanctioned by you."
Ajd why does this son of Green Erin choose to
forget 'the land of his birth, and hail from Nashville
as If the place of his nativity? His speech explains.
His business was to assail the son of the Emerald
Isle, who has nobly, throughout his life, maintain-
ed the cause of freedom, the failure of which in
Ireland had driven his parents to seek it on this
side the Atlantic. Mr. Porter's visit to claim Nash-
ville as the place of "-his departure," and from
which "he always hailed," was to join the enemies
of the. President in that quarter, and under' the
guise of "nativity" and citizenship, assert the privi-
1]ege" of calling him to aoeount for his mal-adminis-
tration.
The first attack he makes on the President is
in regard to the nomination of Mr. Van Buren,
and his renomination of Mr. Stevenson as his suc-
cessor. lie charges the President with violating
the constitution in suspending further nominations


after the rekection of thoie ii-Aviduals. 11 For
(slys he) if lie can suspend it a dtyjor matters
whicl; have reference aZone to the gratifiatilions of
Als own predikctions., he may suspend it durbig
the whole ferin of service. 71,e constitution never


-HY. BLAIR & RIVESOI "rux wouldn't. soyluwz# Voo MUCH*,

WASKINGTON. 4 EMI- It E F. KF4 SATURDAV9, SEI


as we have done in the cases of Judge White and
others, that the restless promptings of an inordi-
nate ambition have impelled Mr. Wise to the
glaring inconsistenic',es he has so. unblushingly
committed. Had Mr. Wise been content to abide
by the principles with which lie first entered the
political arena-a judicious aprlication of his very
respectable talents would, atiorne day, have cna-
bled him to r C-acli a distinguishud eminence in the
Republican party. M,-. Wise must have seen
this had not his vision been obscured by the fumes
arising from intoxicated ambition. Ambition
urged him on to a n untimely fate. Impatient of
delay, his was not the spirit to brook a snail-like
progress to distinction. lie saw an opportunity
was presente(I for the pre-seat gratification of his
ruling p ission, and like the. sensualist vho seizes,
on the moment regardless' of to-morrowt 1w deter-
mined to secure sonic portion ofapplause, though
its ephemeral excitement might be succeeded [33;
depression and an titter pro-Aeation of lus pros
pects fwtire fam--. Such has Leen the courise,
and such the reaso-ns for its adoption, which we
have had exhibited in the Hcit. Henry A. Wise.
lie preferred to lead even the small pArty that had
brou-ht out" Ifugh L. U'liitej raLher than to
act the part of an humble coadjutor with his own
party in the support of Alartin Van Buren.
Vc have thus devoted some little time to a de-
velopernent 11 of the _cause.s of things"-because


opposition policy to which Judge White had y E. G. Steel -Hon. HFxR-r CL&T; He 11as
given in hi's adhesion, after having once sup- twice saved his country. Posterity will do justice
to his distinguished services.
ported the Pr esident against thern. The firs I t By the Hon. Joax BELL.-Union, energy, and
vras the, war 7upon his appointments$ as we have eternal opposition to the llspo.'ili party" amongst
'alve4dy''seen., The next topic upon which Mr. all the friends of constitutional liberty.
Porter endezvoM obliquely., to jttstify the Judge, Mr. Bell, who is made the link between his po-
Is in regard to his joining in their war upon the Pre- iitical and family.ally, Mr, Clay, and Judge Whitep
silent, himself. This brings up Clay's impeach. was also toasted, and gave a toast in return.
thent and the resolution to eiplinge it. Mr. Porter So, Mr. Bell has vowed, like Hannibal,, eternal
14bors to prove, that the President -violated the con. opposition to the pwty of the old Roman, who has
situation in r6movikg the deposites, and that his built up that party under tha auspices and with the
fritrids would also violate it, by the expunging reso. suport 'of T,-nnessea. Bell calls it the 1'spils
Itition. Now, it 6 proper that w-a should tell the party;" a man who deserted it. to get an office
public that the President consulted Judge, White from the opposition, and to get money from the
upon the subjectof the removal, and that the only bank. What he means by 11constitutioral liberty,"
di&rence thin wasthat ffie Judge thoughtthe Pre- is explained in the next toast, viz;
sident did not propose the measure soon enough. JOHN MAXLSIiALL and the Federal Constitution:
He thought they ought to have been withdrawn irn- so long as the latter exists in its original purity,
rnediately on the failure of' the bank to cor-niply the name.ofthe former will not be forgotten.
with the orders of the Government to pay the 3 per
ccnts. lie would have also refused thebank checks COLLEGE AND CAIIINET Roxons.-The degree
of LL. 1). has been conferred on the Hon. Lewis
which were circtilatf2d as notes. The Judge cannot Cass-
by Harvard University. 'rhis honor has
deny this factwhich is a direct admissionon his part, beeo conferred from a double feeling-a disposition
4 the right of the Excautive to do that which Mr. to bear deserved- testimony to the scholarship of
Poi ter controversy in his Nashville speech for his *!r. Cass, and to his benevo!ent and hurnane ser-
benefit. How cunning this in Boll, to bring on vices in the annihilatio'n of the Indian tribe3.
one of Mr. Clay's political tools to argue before [Boston dtlas-
the people of Tennessee the grounds of the im- The Atlas in the above
Of rhe Pre I sideiat, wt cre an Gstoppal vT va36 as tue agent of our Government in "the
annihilation of the Indians." It is thus that the
was put upon White,-Bell, and the rest, by their
admissions and commitment upon the subject. nation is libeled through its officers. it is entire-
After expatiating ttpon the cotiseqttences of ex.. ly through the depravity of the opposition that
our Indian difficulties were protracted, if not -n-
punging the journal upon posterity, declaring gendered. The annexed article from the ikli.;sis-
that the noble judgment of the Senate against the zappi Free Trader, shows what the national hu-
President would be missed "like the statue o I
Brutus in the procession"- that ,'the spot where manity is doing for the IjAians; and yet the Indi-
it ought to bell "wid hereafter be turned to more ans have been encouraged to set up for indepen.
anxiously and affectionately," the envoy orator dence inthe heart of the white population, where
continues: they were flast sinking under the baneful effects
"On one matter, however, gentlemen, I can of- of the bottle-the want of game for food-and in
fer you my full congratulations that we need not contests with the whites. The sympathizing
aWait the opinion of posterity. On it, we have philanthropists would not have theiii leave the
obtained the award of the men of this day. By a homes of their forefathers! How many of our
bill passed last session, the principles contended own citizens would be, restrained by the wish to
flor by the Senate in relation to the public moneys
have been embodied into a law. They are once look into the church-yard where their ancestors
more placed under the. control of the Itepresenta. lie buried, from migrating beyond the Missis-
tives of the people. We have turn the national sippi, If as well provided for, at the expense of'
treasure from. the grasp of favorite banks, and havc the Government., as it, appears the Indians are in
given it to thosc to whom it belonged." their new homes?
This is a specimen of the imposture with which
the people of Tennessee are to be taught that Choctawland.-The seat of government of
11 1he prinbeple contended for ky the Senate," against Choctawland, is to be at Kiametid, or Kiamesha,
on a river of' the same name, which- joins Red
the President, on the subject of the deposites, has rivtr in latitude 33 degrees 33 minutes' and longi.
received the sanction of the country through its tude 18 degrees west. The general council hou,,e
national representatives. So far from sustaining the is tlu be 45 feet long, 25 broad, and 14 from the
floor to the ceiling; to contairk one room 30 feet
principle contended for by the SeRate, in Clay's re-
square, arid two ot 15 feet'square, The house is
solution, the late deposite act is in effect, a to be constructcd wittillogs, to have six eighteen-
direct condemnation of that resolution. The light windows, be painted sA hite Withirl, and doors
deposite bill confirms to the State banks the keep- and blitids green.
Choctawland, (Chata-in-Vocony,) extends frorn
ing-of the public money, under the direction of east to west, 333 miles, having Arkansas c.As,,
the Executive. It di milaishes the amount to five and the hundredth parallel west of Greenh ich,
millions, by (lepositing with the States the sur- which is partly the boundary bttveen the United
plus beyond that sum at the close of the year, but States and the Independent Republic of Texas.
It, has tLe Canadian and 40 miles of the Arkansas
leaving the accumulation of the'next to the depo- north, and Red riv.,fr south, which wasOes it for
site banks. The legislation of Congress, there- about 500 miles. Its breadth varies from 65 to 120
fore' is in principle a sanction of the act of the miles, averaging not less than 75, which would
make the area of' thle country 25,000 square
President, which the Senate denounced as uncon- miles-equal to that of all New England, except
S-ittitional. Maine.
That the public may see with what deliberate For the purposes of gevernment the country is
care the enemies of Gen. Jackson have directed dividedd into three districts, each having its own
thlis NwhvIlle demonstration, of which Mr. Porter chief, or miuke, for whom the Federal Govern-
ment is about to build houses. Each house is to
was the hero, to the purpose of reversing the sen- be 52 feet long, 20 broad, and 12 high, having two
timents of the people of Tennessee, with regard to rooms 20 feet square each, and a twelve fbot pas-
the assaults of the leaders of the late majority of sage between; to be built uf logs, have 8 windows,.
fh,- qAnnto iinnn tLe. Pr&-.q;i1i-nt_ wi-_ mintf-_ the and.be painted, door and windows green, and other


4


-.'


BANK OP M0NRQE;AiCRIGAN- NARYLAND ELECTION.
It seems that we were as premature in claiming
The following is taken from tbo monroe Times,
of the 25th ultimo"; V I I the Senatorial, elecions froto Montgain-ery and
M e give this dak, a brief statement of the Prince Georg';i counties,, as our opponents were
inconceding.theni--tous. Webelieveitiscertaln,
ank'of Monroe, t1lat we -tv;
President and. Directors of thO have elected nineteen out, of the f6i
which we are convinced will e sat!$ 666ry to further than, which we are unable to assert. We
all interested in Ahat instiiuti4h completely have certainly shaten the power of our adversa.
defeat the miserable ittemot that vehicle of iries, If'we have.not conquered them, and given an
slander, the New York Hef'. to Impair confil siggregate, majority of votes of u pwards of 2,000.
dence in its stability. To this, we can only add'" Our Presidential electora will certainly be elected
that the Bank of Monroe po sses, in all tMl-' by a sweeping majority. -Baltimore -gepublican,
nent degree, the coni,tence 9 our citizens, and
of the residents generally inn Its section of the ARRIVAL EXTRAORDINARY.
country--and we fully believe at there are few We are informed that''the Hon. F. Granger and
-sounder and bafer idstitutions ini,18w York or else- the Ilon. T. 'Ewing, in the due course of their
where. It has always prom tly redeemed its- e lectioiee ring tour, arrived here last eveD,'ng.
notes with specie *hen'dema ea, and'wedoubt
Wv perceive by a public not ic e, that these gen-
not always will do so. tlemen wi 1 11 address the people here on Saturday;
At a meeting of' the 'directbro- of the Batik of on which occasion the unusual spectacle will be
Monroe, held at their bankiiighbuse in the village exhibited ofa candi1tte for the Vice Presidency,
of Monroe, on ithe 24th day Of Auguit,. 1836,
and for the United States Senate ptiblicly ha-
after the trans;iction of other 'bu'siiiesq, a pA per, rangding the people, to get their su'pport.
(the Herald) published in the dity of'New York Mr. Ewing, it will be recollected, is the dis-
was laid before the board. This paper cqntmiried, tingnished bank orator-of panic mnnory, who
amongmallyslanderois and uilfounded rt-marks
in the height of ottr prosperity, dec!aredour
intended to injure W1 the banking in'st, ituti oils of canal to be ",a s,)1itude, and our lalre 'a desert
Ohio, Michigan, and the western portion of New wate of waters
York, the following queries : The arrival of this panic arator could not have
Who are the owners of the- Bank of Mon-.,oc, been more opportune. For several days a blast
%Iichigan ? How much capital has the Bank ? has been howling over our, d6sert lake, as fiUrce
flow much paid in? HOW, iuucil circulxtlon? arArclentless as. our illustrious visitor's Senatorial
14owmlichsp.ecie? rht- city 4,Nfe with rumors harang-ties. Vessels have been flying before it
of tlW6 institution. Give us infofmation ? The with their canvass torn, I their spars and rigging
public receiving thee notes should know the damaged, and their timbers groaning beneath the
character of the institution. Who is Geo. B. vehement assaults of the ambitious waves. On
Harleston, the present Cashier." our own Shores the wreck of a vessel und the bo-
The board of directors deem the paper iii .(fles of shipwrecked mariners have been cast.-
question entirely unworthy all answer; neverthe- C!evelvnd Dai4y 3civ&-tiser.
lvss, for the information of the friends of this in-
stitutI0119 gild ott.ers interested in its welfare, they From thg lWississippi Free Trader.
state the following facts, within their own know- THE PANIC.
ludge : In our last paper we.traced the movements of
1. The stock of the Bank of MDnroe consists of' the White whig panic makerL-, and promised to
22000 sh,,!rcs, 1,600 of which are held'by Christ. show that the reasons upon which tlije late Trea-
mas, L-vingkto n, Prime, \ and Coster of New York, sury circular was founded, had been approved by
and the residue, 400 shares, by respectable ciU. the whig party in Congress. FirA, we will pre-
zens ofthe State of Michigan. sent all extract from. the speech of Mr. Ewing of
2. $50,000 have been paid in. Ohio, one of the whig leaders in the Senate of the
3. Less than $100,000 of' notes are in circula- United States. The speech was delivered on the
tion, being one third less than is allowed by law. 16tli March last.
The de posites in this. bank range from $30,600 to I am fully aware, and I wish the country to
$80,000. be apprised also, that these immense,'unparaflel.
4, The specie and available funds belonging to ed sales of the public lands, arise from a diseased
the ii-,stitut.on are much more thai SUffiCient to condition in the public currency. It is in a great
meet all its liabilities, come when they may. This measure deceptive; or rAther, that which we re-
batik has mever, tinder its present organiz-Ation, ceive for them, is'not money, but a cheat. We
declined paying specie for Its notei when demand- sell for cash, in form, but in effect, on credit; we
ed, and we conficiently believe it never *111. make the honest purchascr-him who buys on his
5. Benjamin Rathbun, or any person connected own means, and for his own use-pay cash; and
with him, owed not one dollar to this institution andwe sell to the great capital ists-those who are
at the tirne of his failure, and we hive no reason connected with ttie deposite banks; those who
to beli,:ve it has not one ba4 debt due it. buy tens of thousands and hundreds of thotft3and:i
H. SMITH, President. of acres on spectilation, and who make fortunes by
L. DUROCHEII, ) rW it, of which we plain mer, scarcely have a concep-
J. J. GODFROY, tion; we seli to thein on credit, tvithout interest.
G. B. IIARLESTON I And I will show you how. There are thirty nill-
B. J. HATHAWAY, J lions ofth e public Filoney deposited in these banks
LAStly. The question,' Who is George. B, Har. without interest,, and there it is to remain from
kslon, Me present cashier.? the undersigued answer ybar to year; those who are coi-mected with these
in thcirij;dividuAl capacities-Mr. If arleston is an' banks, or who find flivor with them, borrow this
estimated, enterprising, and worthy citizen of this money, and 12y it out in public land; it is paid
place; a mail, in whose business capacities, hon- into ttic l4nd cfl1-.e; the rect:.iver returns it to the
esty, lionor, and integrity, we, and we believe this banks by way of deposie, antl it is again lent out,
1 1 and a ain goes the round of purchasing land, and
sommunity generalli have the fullest confidence.
And we rmay add, that lie is the proprietor of'ttt!- coming agnkiFi into the bank. You sco at once,
ei-xibarrassed real property, in this State, which Sir, the advanta-c this gives the a-ionopolist, over
may Safely be estiniate at from $100,000 to the cornmon cit zcn, who depends upon his own
$150,000. resources, and not on the favor of Government,
11. SAIII'll, President. for his nicans of purchase."
J. J. GODFROY,, Here the sales for baw,- money are denounced
B. J. HATHAWAY, as "a cheat," as sales "on credit" to 11great mo-
L. DUROCHER. nopolists," to-'Ithose vdio are connected with the
deposite banks." The whig party complain of
FOR THE GLOBE. these sales for batik paper to great nionopolists,
THE DUFF GREEN MEETING. the adr-ninistration hears their complaints, and
After Duff Green, Dawes, Gibson & Co. having _wvcs an order to prevent speculators monopo-
made various efforts to get up a Harrisf)n meet- lizing the public lands by batik credits, 'awl the
ing, and failed in each instance, changed their wbig party complain of tile very order w1rch they
ground, and gave notice for a meeting Of those themselves had soughi. And luenze we aik, is not
persons opposed to Mr. Van Buren. some the monopoly of the public lands by speculators
tinne after the annointed honr on Toi,,-Anir -v- deeply injurious to the State, retarditig the sett!e-


Echo of yesterdiy, 0. G. de Ar MU Esq. pr6posied
that a monuMent should 5e erc cted to ponirfiemo6
rate so glotious a day. Not- onl. was the pruposi.
tion accepted, *but a com'mitt.6 iAjfi'tj'P`P0'1nted1`
among. whorn atel some df Olir moiit disiagaished
citizeils,,whose duty it will be to gsktiiiiid bf ode
6ister States in currying1nto effect this'i',Of jus4i
tice.
We have not the lek'st doubt that i mi re of-
this kind will', m'e"et notojily'4rith the hearty ea.
opeation of our cititens,' but of those.01f, every
State in the' Union. 'Th'e M-66timent ohuuld be,,
erected on the, public s(luare op posite the,, C-athe-
dral,- as it was on that spot the chivalrdtis sons of
Louisiana rallied amund the standard- ci f their,
country, preparatory to marching to proWet.
"beauty and booty" from the rude gras' of w,
ruthless oldiery, %ith a firm resolve of CoDquer-.
ing or perishing in the attempt.
We would suggest the propriety of having a
bust of GeDeral Jackson placed or! the nrfonimeqt';
similar to the one of Napoleon, at Ve'n4gine. 'This
would be nothii igImere'dian ari act of6 -
justice tf).',a
man who during a lon- ahd_'4veitfij IiL,-kas lexi-
0
er ted all his cner&ies foi the we!11ing of'his fet-
low men.-Tbe Aliss;SS-1ppiall.
FnA_ 1q IKL[rf, August 19.
We are much gratified to,;Iea'ra thacjhe.' Hom.
Alexandep Mouton, of --Laf4ytrt#-? 1t!v----Ye_'10ed ti)
the wishes of his' frentlg, faild.,now statidi btfore
the people of Louisiana us a datididate. f(ir the'
Senate of the United States. Mr. Mouton '.I$ a
staunch republican of thL- Jefferson scbooli and
has ben in public fife fi-on hia, youth ",during
which time Ike has filled some -important office-,,
not the least arduous or responsible of wil-tictr,
was that of speaker of the tiouse of Representa-
tives of' this State. it wa here that h6- distin.
guished himself as a constitutional, lawyer and
statesman-arid won from those over whom he-had
the honor to preside, never-fading la6rels.' That
lie will be elected, is beyond doubt 6, and that he
will ablyand faithfully represent the true inter-
ests of' Louisiana, no one who has the pleasure of'
his acquaintance will deny.-New Orlear;3 Courier.
MAKING. POLITICAL HEAVS OUT OY
TAILS.

In an article hiour last, we ventured Aie ex--,
pression of air opinion as to what we conceived to
be the true reasons wiry Judge White and some
ot'hers of his whig friends were found at-present
occupying posi;ioris so strikingly different -from
those which in former days, it was their pride oLhd
boast to maintain.
If we will look around among the politicians of
the country, we shall observe, that ever since
Judge White was 11 brouzlit out" for the Presi-
dency, and un attempt made to organize a dis-
tinct White party, many politiciaiis have been
found gradually to withdr.tw from their old asso-
ciations where exparience had taught them pro.
motion was not to be found, and dedicate their
whole energies to the building up of 'a new fac-
tion, in whose success they foridly promised them-
selves the gratification of their restiess -ambition
and the realization of their long cherished hopes.
In our own State we have the case of the Hon.-
S. N81". Slardis, not to speak of others less aspiring,
inimediately before our eyes. Who doer, riot see
that will see, that this gentleman, to avoid the
competition of those Of Superior claims in the party
to which he has been heretofore attached,- has
made tip his mind to abandon thatparty, and, by
vehemently denouncing it, to endeavor to secure
from his enemies what he was conscious lie did
riot dserve,,and could rit-ver receive at. the 1ran&
of his friends? But the honorabI,_-,gentIe'ma;WPre-
sents not the only instance where an effort hits
been mad, (arid, tnlike his, successfully effort) to
manufacture the head of one party out.of the m.-A-
terials of the tail of another'. This last enterprise
was reserved for that greatly overrated, 'yet, still
quie clever young gentlemen, the flon. Mr. Wise
of Virginia.
A ft,-w days since a friend placed in our hands
the proceedings of tive Baltimore Convention, in
1832, which nom;nated Mr. Van Buren for the
Vice Presidency. it is curious to look over the
list of members, and observe who were then, and
uAln nn. n"11r ;11 gtqIfQ -F W11


The principal chief of Choctawland has a Sala
of $500 a year from the United States. ry
For the purposes of reduction thcre, is a school
iii c;acii district, and each teacber receiv,,:s $8331 a
year.
The population is from 20 to 25 thousand, who,
by selling iheir country ten years hence, as the
Chickasaws have done, znay "live in the shade"
upon more than ten millions of money.


No! they wiAi to steal the election fr(n the'p6b-
ple by stratagern, and place it in dic House of
Repres6titatives, where, by bargain, inlrigue, and
managenicnt they- car), as in, 1825, trick the peo-
plo and trample," ''Upon the rights of s-liffragc. If
this were not the case why is Webster still re-
tained in the North when lie doesi'Ot expect to get,
a solit ary Vote o it of MassachtlseLt,?, and in fact
ha not-becil nominated by anybther-SUttre? Is it
for any other purpose than to carry 111asi-ichu'-setts
agninstf Vail Bureiiand to stand his ch-Ance iii the
conternoltited, 131ARGAIN AND &kLM Why is
Ilarri,-oagottipasaii,(ivailableih theWestwbenjfhe
gets allthe States in which hc has an electoral ticket,
lie could not le elected by the Ileo-ple? Is it rioi evi-
dent, then, th it he also has lent hii name to c4xry
on the deep iFitrigue to cheat the Peop12, oa of
their choice? Is not, Whit brought out in the
South for the sarno'diA I boliedl purpose, when, if
he should 01 the States in which lie has mi.
election tickethe couldnotbe elected 1hroukh the
suffrages of the People? The truth is, cQnceal it
as they may, it is their real though concealed de-
ign. In no other way could they succeed in elect-
ing a President:--it is the last resort of a despair-
ingfacition--4ncl i is just as likely, (lid they suc;..
ceed in this nefarious' scheme, that WebsteNvould
be the successful man as either Whi te, or ffirrison.
'Che leading wigs know a6d wish this; tht.-y-care.
not fir their Petticoat Hero, only so far aslietnay
beavailable in subserving their ends; neither his
talents nor bispublic acts ar.c considered by twoT
thirds of them fit or. worthy of so higtvaTO I'C-
sponsible an office.-St. ClairesvUk Gaz.

There is olnefeature in the system of ele6tion-
eeringttlopte(l by the whigs, to 'which W8','pray
ourye.Oers to g-ve their earnest att I tiorl' hich,
i3 thk: if all tht; electors, friendly to ugx L.
White, 'Who ha4been Out in nomina tior-i 'ifi. the
difrerent States, shot Id be elected, still the'Y'Wiff
amou rat tn I s1carctly one-,&u`rth of" the whol 6, num.
ber or liss than one-half of the number h6668sft-
ry fora choice, Could-any thing more cl6arl-y
exlAbit the desperaf-e condition 'of Mr. NVLiteli,
proTsects than, this s.imple fact? How is it' possi.
ble or him to be elected by, a m4J,?rity of ihc 6leQ-
tors when not onc-half of 'such "of ellec-
I-ApQ Qn- *n th,.- APIA in fl-' '-r


.Y ____ lie would co-operate in a6y ineasure that would pre-
ing. Duff next inoved that Jacob Bender be ap.
pointed Secretary: agteed to-ayes '), roes 1. vent that gremest of all calamities, a ruiiwd cur-
Duff then rose, and in a very few remarks, stated rncy, which gave the sagaci I
the object of the meeting, and moved that a CoF- man the advantage over tlie honest laborer."
responding Committeeto consist of nine members mr. CAboun further said, "it was amazing to see
the majority sitting qUietly by without piroposing
with power to increase their number, be appoint- 0
ed, and that said committee be directed to pre- remedy forth's evil, which was making be-gars
pare an address to the people of the Unitzd oftbousandsan enrich, in,_ 8pecu lators; 11M.011ey
States. Before this motion was put, a gentleman that had been won by blood was put into public
on the right of the Chair, by the name of Ovner, lands, and drawn out to be. put in pet banlks."-
If an iw-urance was opened, they could not get
moved that the Meeting adjourn. Duff Green rose,
(lie public money insured in the deposite banks
and iriquirel of the gentleman whether he came i
there Linder the call, ilas an opponent of 1*1r. Van against loss for a premium of' twenty per cent."
Buren?" Mr. Owner refused to answer the ques- "Ile heLt tht administration respon:,ible for' the
1)U11, existing state ofthino s, in regard to the currency,
tion, but insist-,,d on his motion being put. 0 6
then decidt-d the motion to be out ;f 'order, and and for converting the public landLo, the property
the chairman refused to put it to the mteting. of the people, into uieless paper." And now,
Duff's motion for thm appointment of a commi'tce when the administration, in pursaaiice* -of these
was then agreed to--ayes 5, koes 1. Duff' now complai.-its, endeavors to prevent the conversion
moved that the meeting adjotirn; but bef)re the of the public lands "Into uieles3 paper," the
question wastakeii, Dr. Gibson rose and said, Whitd whig organ complains.
--as there is one Van Buren man hert, I hope he Mr. Knight, another whig Senator, said, "if the
willgive a correct report of the proceedings." gentlemaa would introduce a proposition require.
ing payments to be niade in gold and silver, he
The ineetingthen adjourned. should vote for it.)$
The Pbove paragraphs are a true report of the Mr Webster, on the deposite bill, said, "His
proceedings ofDuft'Green's Anti-Van Buren meet- ..
ing No. 5. Immediately after the motion to ap- opinion was that many of these bai.ks were un-
safe." "As to the land bill, they could not shut
puint a committee was agreed to, Duff walked up their eyes to the sources from whence flowed the
to Mr. Coxe, the chairman, and wh;spered some- vast smount accumulated from the sales of the
thing in- his ear;. perhaps lie told him not to In- I _A I-A. k-A


principal toast given:
And first, by the presiding officer:
Thomas Washington, President.-The Striate
of the United States: The great conservative de-
partment of' this government; destroy it, or im-
j iair its bright and privileges, or swerve its mem-
berF, and we fall into anareby, confusion, and mis-
j ule. Immortal honor to those enlightened and
natriotie geiiatnrst who have so nohIv resisted ev-


paLriuLic z5enaiors wau nave av ituuiy Fr_ISLUU r-V- naylg .
contenplated conferring any such power on him.- ery attack iipon their body, whether open or One branch of the Arkansas is able by
The constitution has made it a matter altogether covert ; and who have maintained their inlepen- stearn to w thin 70 miles or Red]"
su I bject to the Executive discretion. The Presi- dence, amidst all the disgraceful and mischievous round 2,000.-Natchtz Free Trader.
dent may or may not appointa Minister to Eng- artifices, which have been resorted to by the I
dominant party, to drive them from their duty and KING MAKING WARWICK, AT WORK.
lind or any other court with which we have 3u- fidelity to the country, by exciting against them a
A it will be perceived, that after divers defeated
thorized intercourse. We have intercourse with spurious public opinion.
I attempts of the yourig Dawes, o!d Du!F, who is at
many at which we have only a Cha'rg6 as a re- This toast covers the whole field for the Senate.
representative It lies witti the Executive to say, Like the Tories in the I-louse of Lords, "the great con- the head of the double establishrazu of White
under what circumstances he will propose reprell servative department of this Government" is lauded Telegraph and Harrison Mirrop, wai compelled
sentatives of higheil grade, or`whetli'!r he will pro- for op:mly defying the instructions of their constitull to appear from behind the scenes. Duff is a
pose any., In the case for which lie is called to ents, solemnly voted by the General Assemblies meeting of himself Accordingly it will be seen,
w:count before the people of Tennessee by Mr. from the report wit' which we have been
electing them. This expression ofpublic opinion
Clay's Envoy, the President believed that the re- almost 'urnibbied by an eye witneso that he brought
on expunging, which has proceeded from tip one side of the opposition (the Calhoun
j.action of the inidividual who had. held the highest
trusts in his native St4te, and the highest the every republican Stateafter 6eing fully canvassed side) in the persons of his adjunct, Dr. Gibson,
and settled by the people in repeated elections, is and his supervisor, Mr. McPherson.
Chief Mag.istrate'of the Union could confer, and stigmatized gs "A SPURIOUS PUBLIC OPINION."
the r6jection of another nomination, of onz. recom- Ttie presiding officer also, while thus branding For the Clay side Duff arrayed Mr. CoxE, (the
mended by holding for a succession of ma'ny Y,,r,3, the peoplegives "immortal honor to those enlightened gentlernan whom he'arraigntd in 1830 on speci,
fied charges of fraud on the Treasury)-Mr.
the third office in the Government, under repeat- andpatriotic Senatom who have so nobly re8isted
ed elections of the representative body of the every attack upcn their body." How fortunate BENDEn-and Mr. HOBAN. There never was a
better representation of the two sides of the coa-
whole nation, was proof that the Senate were for the people that our conservative Tories are not
ready to set at defiance the known will of their con- so impregnable to attack as the British Tory lition. Duff Green maybe considered PS attorney
stituents, and take the responsibility. He de' Lords!! Happilyfor this countrythe immortally n fact, if not factotum, for Calhoun-his adjunct,
t.ermined, therefore, that the issue should be fair- honored, 11 ertlightened and patriotic Senators" the Doctor, is the per--onification of Judge White.
ly made between the Senate an&- himself' on this toasted, cannot claim the Senate as THER BODY-" T he supervisor stands for 3 ohn Bell.
on the other hand, Counsellor Coxe was a very
point, and left to the decision of their common bo- It belongs to' the people of the States, and they have proper cast for Counseller Clay: Bender, is a
vereign-the people. The foreign G,)vernmerit saw at last reachedand reformed a sufficient number of ilea I north.-bender. He is not only a Harrison man.,
the postur6 in which the President was placed by these contumacious servants, to convince them that but his bent is furiously nort. in all things.
.the Senate, and most cheerfully, without consider- the senate is Rot their body
I Hoban in the dramatic personx did well enough
ingit-aAerogafton of its d'gaity, accredited Mr. The subsequent toasts, by name, point out
Vaughan a secolid time as full minister to our Go- "the enlightened and patriotic Senators" and for lVebster-as the seven mutes did for the city.
vernment, while one of the second grade repre. saviuurs whorn they intend to immortalize. Boyd CLERKS IN PUBLIC OFFICES.
se;ited.the United States in England. And what McNairy (who is remarkable for nothing but his "It must be checked.-It is said to be a great tax
was the ill-sult. of the arbitram.-nt of the wiestion nr tho PrPQ;rlpnt f;r,:t ___ -I-*-- -, I


U.
tth, -Sall. -Mirthr Y116" MUN i uppurted by
M-0opt Deotono itives, wid- U)e Iiali (lernacratict
Y of the Uniod-his eletloli to 6e Presidehey
ensure the Pre&lzinanc* of republican prin.
ciplo;- 10,
7(h. H Mic 0,18 an
on. on., otir 4ble
faithful, repreiiiMative` in -the',Legialature-, ns.
tfveQfour96d,'- Sn4" a genuide 11,publican. He
i has riskbdIAh 'pop-Ai-ity for'," pr. n-r'iples, and will
be triumphantly ,sustained' by 1113" PHstituents,.,,
10 cheers,
8t:h--The surviVifig .hei of the r,-vu!ntion,,
cheers.
The Hon. Felix Grunily: Our distingui-sbcd
Sena.or in Con-ilress. -His orthodox political prin.
eiples, -his distihguished -Ittiblit servioes, and able
support of Jackson's administration, havaerideared
him' to' the re pun LcAn Varty of tire, nafion, and
'comrnarid our Aarrrws'aPprobation. 10 aheers.
Of conscie'ne, of soercltj and
this t-Aive-4, I),rarriq ca'IT.
Heaven speed their jp-ogresa the
world --,aVer-, 7 cheers. 1 1, ": -1 4."
11tti. Nbqjbr:Bolfi I ng Gordon: A sound 4'CMQ-
cmdr, Repiizhcan_Is past'services.in the republi.
eantausar-x*re guaraA -of his fau're 1;%ithful-
neaL.:-,10 cheeri.
'12thl. Churcfi z Rad, state: While in a 'Stjt4e Of
siqgii_-,-blessednesv, isn&e all other bachelor condi-
tions, trttly -a blessifig1to all coun-trit s. 5 elwerd.
113th. Ron. J., one-of otir. IT Oesen-_
-tadvcs: The unflinching friend of detnoci!cy
he cannot..,; be- seduced by the -tuis aud- ntrata-
geTrfs of:theenemies of Fieg'deut jacksou-,-:10'

14th. Our fair countryworrv. nv When, asked -to
show-
Rome, poiiittq their cliiidren., 14,ch-eers-,,,
Speeches. W delivered by, yle&srs. Polk
Grandy. &c.j and: albpirix WAs'rrar-.if'cMLcd worthy
of we-demacra&yof Te I nnesse..; -cid th e' Ivol un.teer
touts. were-iAdjeative of, a detevminailua on 14c
partofour,,I)retlt.reii'tllere not to I*,. iransfierred to.
t4e rankw ofthe aris tocracy *by'tht gr(s n nd wiles
of tU&b4nk-baukht apostates.
TRE JjKOV1LEV MN 0,NE bi I
PE-11 WHIG,
THE 0THER.
$ome #ight y c:ai-s since -the yee.plei di!,saflfied
with, the course of their Goverhweait,_ S,4 about''li
reform of itwhic'h was designed 'to be tho rough
Ll nd kastink-, ^Fores0ing t1*4. If V'111'. lin" qf 11 J4,
TI-ecedents,' it-continued, would u111X40y, fe I ttt r, I
ana destroy'the freedom of elections, and traus-,
1'erto, the President th power of ap'poii' I
,successor, they, deterYniadd to cut it oll; &:i_l with,
it to cut off',.the -growing sy-tems of ci4sing-and
;patronage which were its,-hef support4, To that
end they selectred. imrr dy of
nediitely from die bo
the pe'jp.le,'a man'(Ge4eral. Jack gon,),rec9miqend-
ea by having in 'another sph&e.1,rendered the
State some service,$ and unlainted, i't'wasbupposed
vVith'ihat- corruption wbi-h long zerise (if, power
is aptto e'gender." T-ke Whig Cqdral Jdd, ess.'. "'J"-
No thanks, to, some'ot tho Whig siglic' rs for the
service thus :renderqd,,:. No th-awks to the L dt(jr
Of the Ri'chmond. %'higi whose niarrle appears
arriotig them. Mr. Qlay: was -tljc a'uihor ot'the
celelyrated expression of the li tie. of safi: p rL-
cedents,'? but the wbig fought inthe hot".1itch,
fbr Adains andfor-,Qjay, aFid. -L-gailot &"ck--On.
Bestood by tnepriaciple of 11-safe
4ut the ppople tri.,umplied in spite of hito, and
cutoff the. sur-ceRiqrk.
AGAIN 11T1&eBank.L-jSo much w'as -he its''
friend, that he desire4. Io transfer it bodily to. his
own I I aiperial City,' .-until its doo.0 wasaled
by the. p6ople-then he cried out .1 uirceasing
hostility, w it.'- Mig -address.
The people-ggain 1,411102phed; no thanks to the
_Whig, and some- of his calleagues. They 'stood
up to4he ra,;k',' f9r th* bank-tht) stretched
.every nerveto _save t4e monster. 'Iji6yco ntri-
-butedto, excite the p(ui.ir,.Wliichwasilltciicl.edto
awe the administration and the pcop4e. Hut the
people, and their old Chieftain at theirleAd, stood
fast, and the bank was.,beaten until.it sowlit shel-
-ter, in a temporary whig uijorityjji lleansylvania.
re now stanol-
Elikis same committee, iii tljeir add ss-
ing up for its present outrageous 6barter. 7
Afri-r xurth i-victennes of tha nr'lnl lipiin'cr rn'









;!l -- y :xi.^- ctlonii hw have ihey any fleettucry ctafl- b
-.Gn. s i o A. y -exlan with I t. The ,tubsequent sections mn all ,_
y .. .... ....e a. nnulledI and till the first one will remain in p
,w.- f full force. It is the first one, alone, in which we a
SPEEC1H OF MR. HAMER, Nave any peculiar interest. It settles our boun. t]
OHIO. lary permanently, without condition or limita- o
Ih n ffoue of Reproeintat o ,Tn., 1836-On tion. No subsequent section, nor any proceed- tl
thie bills to settle the northern boundary of is of Michigan under it, can affect our right b
Ohio, and to admit the Stat-es of Michigan and w2ich are thus secured. To make this plain, 1I p
A Alkansas into the Union. will illustrate my views by one or two cases. Sup- n
Mr. SPEAKER: I hadhoped toavoid the necessi- pese a law passed, at the present session, giving to Ih
y SenAi n theds on onth ecessi the State Of Connecticut one hundred thousand d
ty f engaging in the discussion upon the subjects dollars, in full for all her claims upon the General e
S3 now before the louse; but I cannot, in justice to Government for revolutionary services, debts s
the State whish I have the honor, in part to repre. paid, men furnished, &c., during our struggle for tl
sent, any longer remain a silent listener to the de- independence. Attached to tis law is aseton t
bae hchaepogesn aon e~Teeindependence-. Attached to this law -is a section ti
Sbate which are. progressing around rme. These providing that Masaachusetts shall also receive one
questions have ben n:o long pending before us, hundred thousand dollars from the Treasury of s
That it might well be supposed every gentleman the United States, upon condition, that her Legisla. a
was prepared to vote without further investiga- ture will pass an act relinquishing all other claims, g
tion,; and at this late period of the session, with inhd rtceiving-this aum in full satisfaction of all her i
s uch amassofunfinished business upon our tables, demands against the General Government. It is t
votes are much more important -to the public in- an easy matter V combine two such subjects in j'
;terest, than long speeches. Indeed there is so the same law; and it is not unfrequently done. d
,much speaking here, and so little business done, Suppose then Massachusetts should refuse to pass b
that I often refrain from addressing the House, the act required, or to accept the money in satis- v
when I would otherwise do so, and when; like faction of her claim; would that prevent Connecti- s
b others. I am inclined to think.I have something to cut from getting her money out of the Treasury? C
oflhr,! that would be either interesting to the We.all know it would not. Her claim would be n
House, or calculated .to- throw light upoui the safe. No act of another State could affect it. She c
subject before us. Upon tihe present occasion, would send an authorized officer to receive it, and tl
however, the argument has taken a turn that re- the funds would be delivered to him without ask- d
quires of me an expression of my views, though ing, or caring, what had been done by Massachu. g
it is not my design to enter into an elaborate ex- setts in reference to her claims. c
amination of all the topics which have been en- Again, we have now a proposition 'before this e
gratfted upon this debate. House, to recharter the several banks in this Dis- a
It must fe manifest to all who have witnessed trict. If we were to pass a law coRtaining several tl
the several movements in regard to this dispute sections, and in the first section should renew the t(
between Ohio and the Federal Government, (for charter of the Metropolis Bank, without any con- c
we do not recognize Michigan as a party to, the edition or limitation, simply declaring that it is re- it
controversy') that there is somewhat of party chartered for the term of fifteen years; and in the li
politics mingled with it, both here and at home, subsequent sections should renew the other char- .v
among the people of Ohio. An overwhelrQing ters, upon condition, that a certain bonus, say fifty h
majority of the citizens of our State are for the thousand dollars each, should be paid into the t
boundary claimed by us, and they have no dispo- Treasury by the first day of September next; and b
.- sition t6 let party have any connexion with this if not paid then, the charters should expire;-how N'
cl4im; but the politicians have not taken exactly could this condition affect the Metropolis Bank? ti
the same view of it, and some of them, it is very Ic would be rechartered, and would proc-esd to it
lear, have endeavored to turn it to account in the transact business without regard to the course the it
political .truggles which now agitate country, other baiks might thing proper to pursue, s
The effect is visible here. Our delegation are Whether they should accept or reject the condi- e
unanimous for the claim of Ohio. We a'lgo for tions imposed on them by Congress, would be a C
the boundary; yet in arriving at the object of our question of no interest to the Bank of the Metro- t
hopes and wishes, we disagree materially upon polls. The whole law would be valid and bind' g. c
various incidental questions. It is this disagree- So much of it as was&conditional, would be just r
meni which is the occasion in part of my now ob- as much a law as any other part of it. Those b
truding myself upon 'the attention of the House. for whomri the can'dition was intended, cculd a
I desire to be fully understood in my position; avail themselves of it or not, at their own plea- r
and then all, who have a right to know my senti- sure. The law must remain with its conditions, is
ments, will be able to approve or disapprove of in full force;-an expression of the sovereign g
he course I have adopted. I will, and obligatory upon the citizens of the 1v
It is not necessniy for me to meddle with the republic. The approcbation or disapprobation I
difficulties between some bf my'colleagues, and of those who are allowelI to benefit themselves by v
the;r quondam friend (Mr. Adams) from Massa- its provisions, can derogate nothing from its au- c
chusetts. I leavehirm in their hands. They are thority or supremacy, g
fully competentt to. take care of him, and to vin- How can the pre-sent case be distinguished from r
dicate themselves from aspersions or misrepre- those I have stated? Here is a bill ot several sec- o
sentations which may-4ome from that, or from tions, and the first one establishes our boundary
any other quarter. My business is with other in the strongest langi'ag'e that can be e-mployed in g
branches of .the controversy, legislation No condition, no qualification is at- ti
There are three bills before the committee; the tached to it. Subsequent sections declare that a t
first,abillmerelytosettletheboundary; the second, new State may be admrriitted into the Union upon s
a bill to settle the boundary, and to admit Michi- certain specified conditions. Now whether these ti
anj nto the Union; and the third, a bill to admit conditions are acceded tc or not, whether the State ti
Arkansas into the Union. The first one we have shall come in or not, is za totally separate and dis. v
laid on the table, to remain there, until the other tinct question from the oie settled in the first sec- b
two are disposed of. The'whole delegation from tion of the bill. Our line is permanently and un- r
Ohio, except one, voted against laying that bill on changeably established, and no future movement q
the table; but they lvere overruled by a majority "of either Michigan, Congress, or any other power, a
of the House. With the motives ofmy colleague, can shake or invalidate its location, h
who differed with us, I have nothing to do; nor With this view of the subject, I cannot vote for C
shall 1 attempt to assign reasons for his vote. No my colleague's amendment. It will endanger t,1e n
doubt his motives were pure and his reasons satis- passage of the bill, by sending it back to the Se- v
factory to himself; and he is very competent to nate; and it is unnecessary, because the bill alrea- nI
defend his own course, dither here or elsewhere, dy contains all that Ohio wants. In attempting to
But, of the vote (f my colleagues, friends of the obtain more, we may lose what is already offered, '
administration and myself, who voted against the and is within cur reach. Let us adhere to the bill r
motion to lay on the table, t have something to as it is, and arrive at a final arrangement of thii b
say. It ig due to ourselves that our reasons should delicate and vexed question, which has already s
be known, agitated our whole country to an alarming extent, i
It is a good genera rule in legislation, that and threatened at one time to involve our frontier I
each measure should stand upon its own merits, citizens in a border war, in which many valuable s
unconnected with every thing else. If good, let it lives must have been lost, and a stain inflicted upon 1
prevai!; if bad, let it be defeated. We ap- the character of our free institutions which time .
plied that rule to the boundary bill. We were of could nit have effaced.
opinion that a large majority of the House were Before any thing is said. of the merits of out .s
in favor of the boundary claimed by Ohio, and claim, it is proper that I should notice an argu- I
that if this proposition stood alone, it would pass meant presented by the gentleman from Rhode (
without much difficulty. But, when it is connect- Island (Mr. Pcarce). He took it upon himself, in a t
ed with the admission of Michigan into the Union, very cool and self-complacent manner,to denounce :
we r.re by no means so certain of its success, our pretensions as utterly groundless, and hoped
There i- a strong party in this House apparently Congress would not act so unjustly towards others,
determined to keep Michigan out of the Union as to concede to Ohio what we believe to be her t
during th" pvrcsent session. If they succeed, and right, according to every known principle of t
our" bourh rv question is connected with Michi- equity and justice. He seemed highly delighted 1
gan, it mnw- nec' ssarily share the same fate. This with one idea upon this subject, which he pressed
would be d s..btrous to Ohio. Her public worlt3 upon our consideration with some ability and a 1
are suspend d fur a settlement of th~s question, great deal of earnestness. He asked, with an
Her interests, pride, and feeling, are deeply in- air of triumph, "If Ohio believes her cause to be
voiv'ep i it. Her people are impatient to see it just, why does she not allow Michigan to come
tertina'ted. A border war is lowering upon our into the Union, and then submit the question to
northern frontier; and the moment Congress shall be tried and decided by the Supreme Court of
adjourn, without adjusting this'dispute, it will the United States?" Is it possible, that such
-break out with a train of outrages and bloodshed, doctrine is to be urged here in the House of He-
that must be profoundly deplored by every man prcsentativcs in such a discussion, and in the
who loves his country. Myself, and those with present advanced stage of political science ? Are


whom I act, thought it imprudent, under these ilhe-old doctrines of JUDICIAL SUPREIACY about to
circumstances, to risk the fate.of our boundary,- be revived? Is this all grasping and dangerous
by voluntarily attaching it to another question- department, which has done more than any other 1
the admission of anew State into the Union. We department of the Government to fritter away
preferred having our bill first ae ed upon, an the rights of the States, about now to be vested
after that we were entirely willing to see the State with authority to decide upon the political rights
a-lmittd. We do not oppose her. The people of sovereign communities ? Is the jurisdiction of i
of Ohio do not oppose her. We only object to a State to be held subject to the order of a federal
'her coming into the Union, and bringing a part of judge, and the highest attributes of sovereignty
the territory of Ohio along with her, claiming it as to be controlled by a decree in chancery ? Is this
parcel-of the new State. This we oppos",, and democracy ? It may be so in Rhode Island, but I
ever shall, whilst we have the sagacity to comprc- can assure the gentleman it is not so in the west.
hend our rights, and the spirit to maintain them. Ohio acknowledges no right in the Supreme
\ I come now to the bill which is more immedi- Court to try such questions: she will never sub
diately before us. It.is -illi of several sections. mit to such a mode of determination. It is a le-
' The first section declares, expressly, that the gislative question, and not ajudicial one. Here is
Boundary of Ohio shall be by a direct line running the place to determine it. Congress Ras only to
from the most southerly extreme of Lake Michi- relinquish the claim of the Federal Government I
gan, to the most northerly cape of the Miami bay; to the country in dispute, and there is an end
being the line always claimed by Ohio, and the one of-all controversy. If the court had authority to
named in her", onstitution. : The subsequent sec. try the cause, how unwise and impolitic would it
ions prescribe the limits of the new State of Mliehi- be for us to send it there ? Why not put a quie-
gan, and require her to meet in convention, and tus to it at once, instead of having a long and E
agree to the limits so prescribed, before she shall tedious law-suit about it? When a word can
"be admitted into the Union; and on her giving place the parties whert they ought to be, shall
lier assent, the President, by proclamation, is to we endeavor to shift the responsibility from our 1
Declare her one of the independent States of this own shoulders and throw it upon the court ?
tConfederacy, entitled to all the privileges of the There it may remain for years; and, in the mean
* Union under the federal constitution. My col- time, our public works are unfinished; property
league Mr. Vipton) proposes to amend this bill, sinks to half price-; improvements are retarded ;
-by adding a 'proviso, declaring that if Michigan there are conflicting laws and jurisdictions over
'should not assent to these, new boundaries, still, the inhabitants, and perpetual quarrels among the
the northern line of Ohio shall be and remain as citizens along the border. Why-voluntarily pro-
describedin ilis bill. Iam constrained to vote duce this state of things, when it is so easily i
Against this amendlme*, Te reasons that influ- avoided ?
peace ime in doing so shall be briefly given. But there is a much more serious consideration
It was with great, difficulty this bill passed still, which ought not to be overlooked by a
throughl, the Senate. No opposition was manifest- wise statesman. No case of this kind has
J'ed to that part of it which fixed our boundary, but ever been decided by the Supreme Court. In
there was violent resistance 'shown to the admis- the case of New York and New Jersey they
-' ,sion of the State. 10f the bill were now in that agreed to exercise jurisdiction, so far as to require
" body, itis extremely 'loubtfil, whether it could the defendant to appear, and to progress with the
be got tlirough. We all know these things; the cause; but they expressly Ift the question open
newspapers .have informed, us of their existence, to the last, whether they coutdfinally decide such
T' I ~ A P y r i f .* / v A--- ^. o ^ 4 n ~ - -


of perfect indifference. They ha.l become ih'
exclusive owners of both soil and jurisdiction a
the time of passing this ordinance. I do not speal
of the Indian claims, nor of small tracts of the coun
try owned by others, because they have no con
nexton with the point now under consider:,
Lion.
By the ordinance of 1787, the whole country
northwest of the Ohio is divided into three States
running from the Ohio river on the south to th'
great chain of lakes on the north. Each ofthese
states was to be entitled to admission into thi
Union, whenever it should have sixty thousand in
habitants, or sooner, if circumstances would allow
The right, however, to come into the Union upon
having that number of inhabitants, was a veste
right, of which they could not justly be deprived
These three States, now known by the names o
Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, covered the whol
country, including the present Territories of M
chigan atnd Wisconsin. Had there been no othe
provisions in the ordinance in regard to a sub-d
vision of States, or no further legislation by Con
gress in reference to such divisions, we should
have been spared the present difficulty. Ohi
and Indiana would now cover the whole of Michl
gan; whilst Indiana and liinois would possess th
entire territory of Wisconsin.
But the ordinance provided further, tha
the boundaries of those three States should b
subject so far to be altered, that if Cor
gress should thereafter find it expedient, the
should have authority to form one or two Slate
in th',t nrrt of said territory Which lay north of an
ea. t and wes: line drawn through the southerly
benu ur extreme of Lake Michigan. Here is no
creation of additional States; but there is authority
given to Congress to create one or two more, i
they should ever think it expedient. If the'
should not think it expedient, then the thire
States remain as they were marked out and bound
ed by the ordinance, and will necessarily run clea
through to the Canada line. The case is easily
understood. No one can mistake its true posi
tion.
Not only every lawyer, but every man of corn
mon sense, will perceive, that there are but twi
ways in which thile boundaries of these three State
can h echaneed. One is by compact or agree


.t culties in our Governmentalways have been,and al- understanding and expectation of all parties at the
k ways will be settled. As to legal and equi!ab!e rights time of our admission, and the hopes encouraged
- in such cases, in a dispute between the General by Congress that Ohio should have the bay. Nei-
- Government and a State, where the constitution tiler will I attempt to prove that the one we claim
,- does not allow a suit to be brought, it is idle to is the natural boundary of our State, and that
talk about it. No action of trespass or ejectment, without it our public works and those of Indiana
y no bill in equity or writ of injunction, can be in- must terminate in another State, allowing them to
s, stituted or obtained, by one of these parties levy tribute upon us forever, and building up a
e against the other. It is a question between two great city for them, by our commerce, industry,
e sovereignties, with regard to the force, construe- and enterprise. I will not advert to maps then in
e tion and heating of a solemn agreement, executed existence to prove, that at the time we came into
- more than thirty years ago. Although the sovereign- the Union, according to all the most approved
ty of the States and of the General Government is maps in the country, a line due east from the
n strictly a limited sovereignty, yet so far as this southern bend of Lake Michigan would have
!4 affair is concerned, there is no limitation, for it given us the Maumee bay and a large scope of
1. is a pact made which was literally within tire country farther north; so that we are not claim-
if scope of the powers respectively guarantied to ing as much, by many miles, as we might ask for,
e them; and in all such matters they are supreme upon well known principles of justice and equi-
i- and sovereign. As to Michigan, she was no party ty. I pass by all these and many other considera-
;r to the original agreement; she has no vested tons that might be urged upon the attention ef
i- rights under the ordinance, for she is not known the louse, and plant my standard upon the com-
1. in it, and she has never been laid off as a State pact. I rely upon the ordinance; u,)on theagree-
d under the authority reserved to Congress in 1787. meant at the time we entered the Union, and the
o Consequently, she is no party to this controversy ; survey, which proves that the east line does not
. and the attempt to thrust her forward as a party, give us the bay. These three constitute a title
e and then let the General Government in as a that all the sophists and declaimers in the world
judge, to decide between us, is all a trick, wiiici cannot shake. The ordinance gives us all the
t is too shallow to impose upon any sensible man's country to Canada; by the agreement we relin-
e understanding. The Federal Government is an qnish all of it down to the Maumee bay, retaining
-. interested party, just as much so as Ohio ; and it that within our limits; and by the -survey, we
y has no more or better right to decide this ques- prove that the east line does not include the bay,
' tionthan Ohio. True, it is stronger; and if power thereby establishing our right to the cape line.
a gives right, then it has it; but not otherwise. Gentlemen may cavil as they please upon this
y No one has been so wild yet, as to contend tha question. The advocates of Michigan may seek
o Congress can alter the lines of one of the States to obscure it by arguments and sophistry; but the
y of this Union. The territorial jurisdiction of strong, bold, and prominent features ot the case
if each State is as far removed from the control of m ust strike every man with conviction, who will
y Congress, as the regulation of her State reve examine the facts and the laws for himself, in-
e nue, or the modification of her poor laws. If stead of depending upon newspaper articles for
I- Congress could at pleasure dismember a State; information, or listening to the statements of those
r could cut off a few counties from one, and add who are interested or prejudiced against the State
y them to another; then our liberties would indeed of Ohio.
i. be held by a frail tenure. For my own part, I have studied this question
Apply this principle to the case under consider- carefully and attentively, for years; and I.1 do most
ation. In 1787, Congress having a complete and conscientiously declare, in the sight of Heaven,
o perfect title, both to soil and jurisdictioti, di- t-i if this were a controversy between two indi
s vided thile country into three States, securing- to viduals, and the one occupying the relation of the
them certain rights, and among others, the right Federal Government %ere to refuse the other an


Union. It requires that number of free inhabi-
tants," and the alien who resides there, if he be a
"free inhabitant," is entitled to vote in the elec-
tion of delegates to the convention; and after-
wards, in deciding whether the people wil', ac-
cept the constitution formed by their convention.
Such has been the construction and practice in all
the country north of the Ohio; and as the last cen-
sus shows that there are but. a few hundreds of
aliens in Michigan, it would be hard to set aside
their constitution, because some of these may have
participated in its formation. It would be unjust
to do so, if we had the power; but we have
no authority to do it; for if we regard the
ordinance as of any validity, it allows all "free
inhabitants" to vote in framing the State govern-
ments, which are to he created within the sphere
of its influence. We will now turn to the remain-
ing point in this objection, and we shall see that
it has no more force in it than the other.
The constitution allows all white male citizens
over twenty-one years of age, having resided six
months in Michigan, to vote at all elections; and
every white male inhabitant residing in the State
at the time of signing the constitution is allowed
the same privilege. These provisions undoubtedly
confer on aliens the right of suffrage; and it is con-
tended that they are in violation of the constitution
of the United. States. 1 hat instrument declares
that "new States may be admitted by the Con-
gress into this Union;" that "the United States
shallguarantee to every State in this Union a re-
publican form of Government;" and that "the cit-
izins of each State shall be entitled to all privileges
and immunities of citizens in the several States."
The ordinance of 1787 provides that the constitu
ti)n, to be formed northwest of the Ohio "'shall
be republican."
It is an error not very uncommon to suppose
that the right of suffrage is inseparably connected
with the privilege of citizenship. A slight inves-
t6-ation ot the subject will provc-snat this is not
so.. The privileges are totally distinct. A State
cannot make an American cit zen who, under the
constitution of the United States, shall be entitled


Ity Ihe decrdes or y6Tir oUr t ar e6
uc :essfu l retisted, what regard will ever be
aid to them afterwards? Away, then, with
i11 such doctrines and schemes, to breik down
he judiciary, or to shift responsibility from
ourselves. Let uw come up like men; examine
he question, and dispose of it, according to the
est of our information and the dictates of an im-
artial judgment. We have beo implored for
nany years to adjust tis difficulty. Here, then,
et it be done. Our decisions command confi-
ence and esteem, and they carry a moral influ-
nce with them, that is almost irresistible. It is
eldom that any community will attempt to resist
hem; when they do, all must be conscious that
hey assume a most fearful responsibility.
The grounds of otur claim have been so often
tated to this House, and they are so fully and
bly set forth in the lucid report of the honorable
;entleman from Maryland, (Mr. Thomas,) that it
s scarcely necessary to detain the committee at
his time by a labored argument upon the sub-
ect. Hut our rights have been so much misun-
Lerstood and so much misrepresented, that,I will
briefly remind gentlemen of some points upon
vhicti we rely. It should be distinctly under-
tood, that we are not mendicants petitioning
Congress to grant us a donation; but we are de-
manding what is ours by compact; we ask a re-
ognition of our claim on the part of Congress, so
hat their tenants or wards may no longer
disturb our possession. We allege, that a contin-
rency has occurred, that entitles us to the line we
claim, and we ask Congress to acknowledge the
existence of that contingency, and to relinquish
11 demand on their part to the territory within
he new line. We ask the Federal Government
o declare expressly what they have already de-
lared impliediy. When we came into the Union,
t was agreed and understood, that if a due east
ine from the southerly bend of Lake Michigan
would not give us Maumee bay, then we should
iave a line running from the southerly bend of
he iake to the most northerly cape of Maumee
-ay; so that the bay was to be ours at all events.
Now, we know that the due east line first men-
iuned will not give us the bay. Congress knows
t also, for their officer has s') reported. We say
t is plain, that, according to the original under-
tanding when we came into the Union, we are
titled to the other line, which gives us the bay.
Congress is asked to admit this, in so many words:
hat we may have peaceable possession of the
country, and be no longer harassed by other autho-
ities, pretending to claim under Congress, and to
e clothed with power to punish outr people
nid drive away our public otficers. Is this un-
easonable? Is this asking a gift from you? It
s asking you to be honest, and to do what every
,ood citizen would do voluntarily. A bad one
would be compelled to do it, by the civil authorities
c remains to be seen whether the Federal Go-
eminent will follow the example of a good
itizent, and honestly fulfil its contracts; or dii-
-;'ace itself in the eyes of the civilized world; by
refusing a simple act of justice to one of the States
f this Union.
Every gentleman, either in or out of Con-
-ress, who has attempted to argue the ques-
ion in behalf of Michigan, has gone back to
he ordinance of Congress adopted in 1787. They
eemn to rely upon tius document as the founda-
ion of their claims, and thus to go behind
hie compact between Ohio and the General Go-
ernment, formed in 1803, of which 1 have just
een speaking. It is supposed that Michigan de-
ives her rights from that ordinance, and conse-
luently no act of Congress, in 1802, or '3, or of
ny subsequent period to 1817, could at all affect
ter interests. A more radical or material error
wouldd not well have been adopted. Michigan is
not known in the ordinance of 1787. She has no
'ested rights under it; nor is she one of the Statvs
tamed in it, which is entitled to come into the
Jnion whenever there are 60,000 inhabitants
within her 1 mits. This assertion of right has been
repeated so often in her behalf, by persons who
have either never read the ordinance, or had not
ense enough to understand it when they did read
t, that hundreds now believe it, and will not be
persuaded to the contrary. Yet it is not true
she never had any such right; and Congress car
tow, under the ordinance, cut up Michigan, anc
divide her between Ohio and Indiana, and never
Ldmit her into the Union. We do not desire any
such thing: we believe she ought to come into thf
Union, but we cainot admit that she has any vest
ed rights upon the subject. A careful examina
ion of the ordinance will prove that we are cor
rect in our opinions.
It is not necessary to explore all the ancien
charters granted by the British Crown, to ascer
:ain who among" the several States of the old their
teen had the best title to the country northwest o
the Ohio river, or whether any of them possess<
a right to it, other than the common title which
they all gained by conquest, and which was re
eogaized by the treaty of peace with Grea
Britain in 1783. Whetrier the Federal Govern
'nent derived its title from this treaty, or from the
sessions of Virginia and other States, who mad.
deeds to it for their respective claims, is a matte


Mlohigai, It was ctilhreiy rp1,iil *ith of betiving tiha it it 6 Vat liuren nd Hlarrikon
Ohio to accept oi' reject this proposition. contest, or that wat are taking advantage of sir
Suppose she had rejected it; what would have Michigan just at the moment when she is coming be
been the consequence? Nothing in the world into tihe Union, or that it is a case of the strong fo
except-that she might have been kept out of the against the weak, they will find that we have th
Union until she had 60,000 free inhabitants, and been trying for thirty years to get this question pi
then they would have been compelled to admit adjusted; that nineteen-twentieths of the peo- ba
her. -She would have come in'too with her pie of Ohio entertain the same opinions with fo
boundaries, running through to the Cinadt line, regard to our rights; that it is a case of the T
unless Congress had made a new State to pr veni strong against the weak, for it is, the General tio
it A territory would not have answered the Government withholding from Ohio what is her nt
purpose just right; and that we are pressing our claim to
Ohio could not only accept or reject this pro- the more earnestly now, because after this long gt
position, absolutely, but she might accept it wilh delay, instead of granting us our claim, you tell co
modifications or conditions. She did the latter, us that we have none, and that thle country be- w
When her convention met, they agreed to accept longs to Michigan. It is high time for us to be th
the boundary proposed to them by Congress, up and doing, under such circumstances, of
provided, when the east line should be run, it There were further provisions in the compact co
would give them the Maumee bay; but if it did between Ohio and the Federal Government in T
not, then they declared that line should not be ac- 1802, '3, when we came into the Union. Congress is
cepted as their boundary, nor binding upon the can no more add to, than it can take from, the Y
State as such; but their line should run from the territory of a State, without its consent, At the c(
southerly bend of Lake Michigan to the most same time that they proposed this change in our ti!
northerly cape of Maumee bay. Here was a pro- northern line, and we accepted it upon condition, pe
position made by Congress to change the line; they imposed upon us another condition in regard fo
the State accepted it upon condition, and returned to the country lying between us and the Canada us
this acceptance to Congress with her constitu- line. Congress was i ot prepared, at (hat period, W,
tion; Congress made no objection to the condi- to say whether there ought ever to be one or two st
tional acceptance, but ratified the constitution, States formed in that region, agreeable to the is
and admitted the State into the Union. Who can reservation in the ordinance of 1787; and they re- w
misunderstand the rights of the parties under served by law, when we came into the Union, the
such circumstances? They are too palpable to right to attach that whole country to Ohio, if ni
be misconceived for a moment. The State yields they should think proper to do so, at any future ti,
all her claim to the country north of a lii-ie drawn period. Ohio agreed to this, and came into the ri
from the southerly bend of Lake Michigan to the Union; and, notwithstanding all we have heard in
north cape of Maumee bay, arid she yields nothing here and elsewhere about the vested rights of ai
more. She agrees, however, that if a due east Michigan, Congress can to-morrow dissolve her st
line from the southern bend of the lake will give Territorial Government, reject all her proposi- tl
her the bay, then she will yield all tthe country tions to become a State, and attach her to the ti
north of that line. The line which is to be her State of Ohio. It would break no compact, in- by
true boundary is not fixed, and cannot be, till fringe upon no agr. ement, and violate no pledge tht
the survey is made; but one or the othtris to be of public faith; for none has ever been given that no
her limit, according as the bay shall he included, she should have a State Government, and be ad- lil
or excluded, by tie due east line. mritted into the Union. All the lamentations, bi
The fatal error which pervades all the reason- therefore, which have been poured forth over the ti,
ing of the friends of Michigan, is, that they 1,ok multiplied wrongs of Michigan, have been sup-
upoa congress as having the right to prescribe piled by fountains possessing no real existence, fc
limi's to Ohio, in the act of 1802. It i. ,o such and which can only be successfully sought for in ni
thing. Congress did not attempt 'to ast-n -to -lfte 4ai,, of the mourners p.
Ohio any boundary, other than the one fixed in Congress hive never dei&dt-t-tla--xiy. . the ordinance, except by her own consent. Congress wheth-r there shall be one or two States in the t1
had no such power. The equitable and legal country along the British line or not. They have at
title were both vested in Ohio, to all the country, admitted the three original States of the ordi- w
through to the British line. There i5 no parallel nanrice into the Union, and by agreements with d
between the case of Ohio and that of a State catrv- each one of them their limits have been curtailed, w
ed out of lands acquired west of the Mississippi. and thet power retained by Congress to still ex- ei
In the latter case, Congress lays out a State to tend them to the Canada frontier, if they think st
suit its own views of propriety; but northwest ow proper, by adding all Michigan and Wisconsin to tt
the Ohio, the title was in the States, and not in them. We cannot object to it; nor can the Ter- w
the Federal Government. Hence, all that has ritorics do so. We desire no such arrangement;
bten said about the equitable title to th's dispu. it wii never be made. But in discussing rGnT-rS, It
ted region being in Ohio, and the legal title in it is necessary to advert to these things to show b
Michigan, or in the General Government, is how perfectly absurd are the arguments advanced el
wholly erroneous. It is an error springing here against Ohio. t(
from the supposition that the legal title was The right of Congress to form one or two States th
in Congress at the time Ohio came into the in the country, north of the line running through b
Union; whereas, since the ordinance of 1787, the southerly bend of L-ike Michigan, was perfct Y1
the legal title had never been in the Federal Go- and indisputable. They could make one S ate or b
vernment, but had remained in the State. She two, as they pleased. They cou'd include the se
agreed to relinquish it upon a contingency; or whole country north of that line, in the State or
rather she agreed to part with it, unless a colin- States so formed; or they could occupy but a part b
agency didhappen; and then she would retain it. ofit, and attach the remainder to the three States ti
Very well: the contingency has happened. The bordering on the Ohio river. The S'ates are to a
line you proposed does not give us the bay, and be created in the country, and not of it; they may fi
we hold on to the cape line. take the whole, or a part, as best suits the public v
It may beasked, it' we have never fully convey. convenience. Until recently, no one ever sup- a
ed our title to the disputed jurisdiction; if both posed that this line was immoveable and impassa- a
the legal and equitable title are in the State, why ble. Congress never so considered it; for they t
we ask Congress for any action upon the subject? have run tht- northeast corner of Ohio thirty or i
SI reply, that you have embarrassed our title and forty mniLs beyond it; the northern boundary of t
5 incumbered our possession. Believing that the Indiana is ten miles over it; and Illinois is stretch- t
) eastlinewould give us all we wantited, you have ed out north of it for some forty or fifty milcs. f
s hastily legislated upon the subject; assumrned juris- The impassabiiity of this line is an after thought- s
Sdiction, and allowed others under color of your a modern invention, to warrant an encroachment t
3 laws to claim possession; and we ask you to set upon the States already in the Union. Congress c
1 these things right, by withdrawing from it your- could, originally, before these Stata-s were admit- t
Shelves, and removing your tenants. We ask nothin- ted, have extended the fourth or fifth State en'irc- h
t more. This we have a right to expect, for it is ly down to this due east line, because they had the
I but the d.ctate of common justice, whole country before them, and could formn the d
i I do not wish to be understood here as giving States of such size and in such shape as they C
: sanction to the opinion, that in a question of jt- chose; or they might he.ve stopped as f'ur north S
1 risdiction like tids, between two Governnents, of the line as seemed expedient, leaving the ba- t
1 there is any distinction between lgal/and equitable lance of tha country to be attached to the oth. r j
r rights. That is a distinction tor courns, to be three States. But this authority no longer exists. 1
y made and taaintained among individuals. States By admitting the three States, before they exer-
e and nations have nothing to do with it. Who cised it, these States acquired rights of which Con- "
- ever heard of legal and equitable rights, arising gress cannot deprive themr. All attempts, there-
- out of a treaty or compact, between Franca and fore, to cut off a part of their territory, with a
- Englan I, or between any other independent na- view of enlarging Michigan and Wisconsin, and 1
tions? If no such distinction exists there, neither making them in shape, size, and poii ion, what
t can it here; for except so far as powers have been it is supposed the Congress of 1787 intended they
- granted by the federal constitution, the States of should be, are as unconstitutional and uliwarranta- i
- this Union are just as independent of each other, ble, as it would be to separate a rant.e of counties t
f and of the Federal Government, as they are of any along the Ohio river, and attach them to Ken- I
d nation in Europe, or as the nations of Europe are tucky. The title of every Stat#, to all she brought t
h of each other. They have a right to enter into into the Union, whether absolute or conditional, is
. compacts and agreements, except such as are for- as perfect upon her northern as upoi\ her south-
t bidden by the constitution; and unless that instru- ern frontier, and the rights which Congress either
- ment has provided an arbiter to settle disputes waived or- relinquished, at the time of admission,
; arising from such compacts, then each par-y must can never be resumed by a subsequent act of Ie- 1
e judg-e for itself, of the true construction to be given gishation.
r to the agreement; and if they differ, it can only I waive the examination of the equity of ourt
e be settled by compromise, as all the serious diffi- clhim, as it has been called, by in'iisting upon the


Two ways are bpe to everyf territory that de- 1i
-e# to emerge from its dependent oonditioO and b<
;come a State. It may either petition Congress th
r leave to form a State constitution, and when o0
at permission is given, proceed to form it, and pi
resent the new State constitution for our appro- th
ition; or they may meet in the first instance, U
rm the constitution, and offer it for our approval, tl
here is no impropriety in either mode. It is op- t-
anal with Congress, at last, to admit the State or ol
at, as may be thought expedient. If they wish hi
Admit her, they can do it by two acts of Con- I
Tess; one to authorize the formation of a p
institution, and the other to approve of it ,I
hen made; or by one act, allowing the prayer oft w
ie petitioners to become a State, and approving tt
f their constitution at the same time. This latter tl
)urse is the one adopted in the present ease. v
here is nothing disrespectful in it. Indeed, there b
much to justify the Territory in its proc eding, it
ear after year they petitioned for leave to form a u
)nstitutiOn, and it was refused, or their applica- t<
on was treated with neglect. Wearied with re- cA
heated instances of this treatment, they have ft
irmed a constitution, brought it to us, and asked si
s to sanction it, and admit them into the Union. n
Ve have the authority to do this; and if their con- o
itution is republican, we ought to do it. There o
no weight in this objection; and I will dismiss it p
without further remark, o
It is said they have fixed the boundaries of the v.
ew State, making them a part of their constitu- fi
on; and as this bill establishes different bounda- p
es, there will be an incongruity in the proce ed- p
ngs, and all that part of our act will either be null g
id void, or it will be an alteration of a State con- I
itution by law of Congress. It is supposed, too, V
hat by their admission into the Union, we sanc- o
on the constitution, and that it will became valid f
/y relation back from the date of its existence; and f
he subsequent legislation of Congress will have
a influence uiton it. This is a subtle, lawyer- c
ke objection, and seems to have some weight; S
ut I will show that it is entitled to no considera- c
on. C
It the first place, they have fixed no boundaries a
>r the State. Ohio, and most, if not all of the it
Sew States, have described their boundaries ex- a
rely i-i their constitutions; but no such thing is c
ttenprited here. They say, '- We, the people of' s
ish-e-F tr yt'-Michigan, do foi'Mranrselvas into 1
i independent State." It is the- people living c
within that Territory who form themselves into a :
instinct political community; but the precise limits n
'ithin which this new State or community is to ex-
-cisejurisdiction, remains undefineid, and to be E
settled thereafter. No boundaries being given a
terefobie, by the constitution, it is the province as t
ell as duty ol Congress to prescribe them. n
Will they be obligatory upon the people when t
hey are prescribed? How caln it be doubted? The c
ill before us requires the people of .qichigant to
lect delegal es to a convention; who, upon meeting i
other, shall express and declare the assent of n
.e people to these boundaries, and then they may t
e admitted iito the Union, and not until then. h
[ow can there be any difficulty on the score of
oundaries, if a new convention shall meet and as- t
ent to the alterations now made? t
Let us look at the other objection; namely, that t
y admitting the State, we sanction thl constitu- t
ion, and make it valid from the day of its date; i
ndl if so, our legislation will be inoperative. The
r-st weak point in the objection is tis: the law
which we pass gives validity to the constitution, t
nd yet the moment life is infused into it, we 0
are to suppose that it receives power to destroy
he provisions of the law which called it into ex- -
stence! '1 hs cannot be. Its life is derived from
he lawv, and yet it destroys the law which imparts 1
hAt life. Can the stream rise higher than its
outitain? Can the creature overpower and de-
ttroy its creator, and still live and enjoy its ficcuil-
ies and powers unimpaired? Can an agent
disobey his principal, violate his instructions,
and rise above all his commands, and still bind
tim by his agreements, and claim to be acting tin- I
letr his authority) ? Thes things involve ri absur
lity too monstrous to admit of discussion. The
constitution derives its authority, so far as the other
States and the Federal Government are concern-
ed, entirely from the law of Congress. It is sub
ect to stiuch restrictions and modifications as the
aw may impose. It is now a dead letter, and must
continue so forever, until it receives our sanction;
and i, will date its validity, as against all but its
own citizens, from the time when that sanction is
co.mplete. Previous to that period, it is no more
:o Congress, to Ohio, or to any other State in the
Union, than a piece of white paper. It is an in-
strument dawn up, according to all the forms of
-aw, lying upon the table, waiting for the parties
to sign and seal it. Although it may be dated
upon the first of January, yet if it be not executed
till March, it takes effect only from the date of its
ixt cution.
Another objection is, that aliens have aided in
making this constitution, and are allowed the right
ofsuffrage in all elections by the provisions it con-
tains. As to the first point, it is sufficient to s.ty,
that all the new States northwest of the Ohio foim-
e I their constitutions precisely- in the same way.
The ordinance of 1787 does not require sixty
thousand citizens of the United States to be resi-
dent within the limits of a new State, in order to
authorize a con:,titution and admission into the


more explicit. But when a law is even sUqepti-
ble, fairly, of two constructions, that one should
be given that is consistent with sound sense ai.d
with the constitution. If we adhere to th s;'rule,
there can be no po-sible difficulty in regard to
the provision now under consideration.
There is no other objection which has been rais-
ed against this measure, that I think it necessary .
to combat. I will say a word, in passing, with re- |
gard to At kansas. She is equally entitled to ad |
mission with the other. Is her constitution repub-
lican? Who doubts it? Is this a. time or place to
discuss abstractions? If her constitution is not
republican, then the constitutions of one half the
States in the t'nion are not. Are we prepared to
fan a flame that already burns with a strength and
an ardor calculated to startle every patriot in the
land? I am sure that a large majority of this|
House will frown down all attempts to produce an f
excitement that can do no possible good, and may
be attended by evils 6f the most -alarming charac-
ter. You have given her a territorial Gpvernment,
and engrafted institutions upon it, by your own
laws. She is on the southern side of the line
drawn by the "compromise" of'the "Missouri ques-
tion." She has asked you repeatedly for leave to
form a State Government, and you have neglect-
ed her, as you did Michigan. She has at length
actedand framed a constitution, which she re-
spectfully asks you to accept and ratify, and al--'
low her to come into the Union. How can she be
refused? She has the requisite nunriber ofinhabi
tants. They are our friends and fellow-citizens,
and are entitled to a full participation in all the
benefits of the Union.
With regard to objections to their constitution,
the same remarks may be made that were applied
to the other State. -Compel them tV change it;
admit them; and perhaps the niext week they will
call a convention and amend it, so as to restpe thie
same features to which you raised the objection.
The people of these new communities deserve
kindness at our hands. They are unrider'our pro-
tection and guardianship; and now, when they ire
about to set up for themselves, we ought to mani-
f st the affection of a parent, and the solicitude of a


ioti e, nd the elattiotn shall be owntkited, it i*1
e timn enoygl1 then for us to enter at large into
e question, whether such votes shall be retained "
r rejected. For the present, it is enough for our'
purpose, that there is nothing upon the face of
iis constitution that conflicts with that of their
united States. Similar observations will apply tol
ie case of a United States Senator. Who would
link of coivtesting his seat, because a. member
f the State Legislature voted for him, who hadi
itself been elected, in part, hy aliens? No one,,i
apprehend, would carry his refinements upowt
'incipies of government quite that far;, hbut if bet
should, the Senate will determine the contest.'
v'lien it is brought before them, We have no-
hing to do with it upon the present occasion. If'
aiy constitution does not set up a .rule, plainly at
ariance with the federal constitution, we are,
found to receive it. All we can o6, is, to inquire if
be a republican constitution, and not inconsistent -
with the paramount law of the Union? The objection i
o this instrument seems to be, that its too rnp-tbli-i
an; it extends the right of suffrage entirely too
ati-, to suit the views of certain gentlemen. It is i
eldom, nowadays, that we meet with an instru-' *
nent of this solemn character, to which -such an
objection will apply. Most of them rin to the
opposite extreme, and instead of-carrying out,'
practically, the great principle that man-is capable
f self-government, and can be safely entrusted '
ith the management of his own affairs, their P
'ramers seem to have been solicitous to guard the
people against themselves, and to curtail their
powers and privileges as much as possible. I am
lad to see a liberal spirit prevailing in Mclhigan.
Fheir constitution i- worthy of thtt age in which
we live; and it would be well -for some of theta
Ider members of the confederacy, if they would
ullow the example which has been set by our,
younger sister.
Onie answer, however, may be given to all these
objections to the constitution, which is conclusive .
Suppose we refuse to admit thie State until thet; F
neet and alter the constitution to please our tastes,
ir gr'Atify our peculiar notions up;n the subject,
.nd we then admit them into the Union; whak
s theie to hinder them, (thlie next week after they
are admitted, from calling a convention anr*c
changing the constitution back to the very-
amie thing it is at present Who can prevent it?
)oes not every State in the Union possess and ex-
-rcise- the mri to1tAJlWrer constitution when she
)l-ases, and as she pleasess; s6 it still re-
mains a republican form of government? All at-
empts at restriction upon these new States must
ie futile, so long as they, too, have this power to
ltt r and amend. We cannot force them to any t
thing; and, if we intend to give advice, wie had
nuch better advise some of the old State to ex-
end the right of suffrage, than to ask the people
of Michigan to curtail it within her borders.
I wiil notice another objection I have heard
irged to the bill. It declares that upon the ad-
nission of the State, the Senators and Represent-s.
ives, who have been elected by sad State, shall
be entitled to take their seats here, without further -
lelay. No persons are named; but the objectors
take it for granted th.-t Messrs. Lyon and-Norvell,
he two Senators, and Mr. Crary, the representa-'
ive, who are now here, are the individuals in'
ended by this provision; and it is gaid that w(
are legislating them into their seats, if so, wt,
ire doing wrong; for the constitution ot th0
United States guaranties to each House the- right
to judge of the elections and qualificatibris'of itst
own members. Neither House has a right to sa
who shall take a seat in the other; and consequen-
y, no such question can be settled by \aA
which is the act of both Houses, sanctioned 6y tb
['resident of the United States. All such law
would be palpable violations of the consoonl
If the phraseology of the bill is consulted, it|
will be perceived, that it neither names any indi-(
viduals who shall take seats in Congress; nor does
it apply to persons who may be now claiming a_
right to take seats here, or to those who may have 1
been heretofore elected by the people,'or Legis-
lature of Michigan. It speaks of a state of things,
which is hereafter to exist; and not of thepre-.
sent time. When thisbill is passed, and the con--
vention of Michigan have approved of the boun-
daries given to the State, the President is to issue
a proclamation, declaring that she is admitted into
the Union; an'd then, the persons who shall ppi-
sent themselves here, claiming seats, if they have
been elected, duly elected, will be entitled to
take their places as members of the two houses.
But each House will judge for itself, whether they
have been elected or not. No matter, whether
the gentleman now here, under their present cef"
tificates of election, or under new ones; or son. -
some other indivtck-,tJ, nt here-by -t!Sti
shall claim the seats; each House will 4Xtmin ->.
their claims to membership, and re-ee or rI -
ject them, according to the dictates of'their Ewat
understandings, without reference to this bi8
or to any other that Congress could pass
on the subject. Laws will have no influence upon ,
the pretensions f any individual. They only <,on-
fer a right upon the State to send members-here.
But the fact of the person who comes being con- 1
stitutionally and properly sent, will be tried and
decided by each House for itself. This is the ,
onty fair construction to be placed upon- the lan-
guage used in the bill. It might have been- made









**lj' 2i
I


tl, and -idordreys. IBy this juat, hesmane, nmi
bLeneficent polity, we shall, consolidate our lber.-
Stiesi and mike thiu Government what Mr. W4fer.
s.. n, wore, than thirty years ago, declined it to
be ithe strongest Government oh earth; the
only one where every man, at the call of the
law, will fly to the standard of the law, and meet
invasions of the public order as his own persvnai
foncernt" With this policy on the part of the
Government, and the spii it of patriotismi that now
animates our citizens, p full vigor, united Ameri-
a7 -n may bid defiance to. a world in arms; and
-.should Providence continue to smile upon our
country, we may confidently anticipaie that the
freedom, the happiness, and the prosperity, which
we now enjoy, will be as perpetual as the lofty
mnounitains that crown our continent, or the noble
Sriyere that fertilize our plains. .
-, [NOTE.-Aftier the House had remained in ses-
t on twenty-five hours, without adjoumrninent, the
WUl weree bbih ordered to their third reading, with-.
out amendment] __
N tOTIC'E.-All persons are hereby cautioned
... J and forewarned not to purchase any of the
.4, undermentioned lots of ground in the city of
Wisbington, being part of the property oflfred
"! T sale by "Richard Smith, Cashier," as having
e, ien transferred from the Bank of Coumbia,
for the use ef the United States, and of the Bank
Sof' thle UnAed States," as no valid title cani be
given to said 'lots, nor to any one of them, by the
said Richard Smith, the Bank of Columbia, the
United States, nor the Bank of the United States,
for reasons that will sufficiently appear by refer-
'- "enee to the archives and records of the city and
county of Washington, and District of Columbia.
,The lots of ground to which the foregoing cau-
tion applies are, viz:
In square No. 56, Lots 6 and 7; in square 62,
Lots 7, 8, and .9; in square 67, Lot 8; in square
75, Lot 5; in square 77, Lots 19 and 20; in square
80, Lot 10; in square 84, Lot 6; in square 101,
Lots 13 and 14; and in square 103. Lot 4.
JAMES GREENLEAF,
Attorney in fact for the Trustees and Assignees
of the joint and separate estates of R. Morris, J.
Nicholson, and J. Greenleaf.
Sep 6-2.2awtf

V A L UAB1E PUOPIR TV.-
+_. ._6lT 'srJusGS AND LOTS AT AUC-
STION.-On Friday next, 9th of Septem-
ber, at 5 o'clock, P.M. I shall sell on the pre-
mises the following frame dwellings and lots, viz.
-' Part of lot No. 1, in square 343, fronting 21
feet 6 inches on the west side of 10th street, just
north of New York Avenue, and running back 100
feet, on which is a comfortable two-story frame
house renting for $5 per month. (This house is
the most northern of the two fi'amcs, with a three
S- foot alleybetween.))
At half past 5 o'clock, after the above-
A very handsome weJl.l-finished comfortable
frame dwelling, fronting 20 feet 9 inches on Mas-
sachusetts Avenue, and running back 144 feet, the
ground being known and designated as lot No. 9,
in square 452. This property lies between 6th
Sand 7th streets, is in a very improving part of the
city, and is worthy the notice of any one wishing
a small comfortable dwelling, or desirous to invest
in property that will well repay.
Trms at sale. EDWARD DYER,
S Sept 5-dts Auctioneer.
U, UPHOLSTERING IN ALL ITS VARIOUS
)U BRANCHES.-S. P. FRANKLIN has the
pleasure to inform the citizens of Washington that
he is now prepared to execute any orders in the
upholstering line that may be wanted in a work-
manlike manner, having now in his employ a young
from the north, who was regularly brought up to
the business, and comes from a very extensive
establishment with recommendations of the first
order as to skill, and with a predominant incline.
Stion to please those who may see proper to favor
me with their patronage. Sep 6-eo6tif
SPLENDID LOTTERIES.

VIRGINIA WHEELING LOTTERY, Class
No. 5, for 1836, to be drawn at Alexandria, Va.,
September 17, 1836. 75 No. Lottery-14 drawn
ballots. -
SPLENDID SCHEME.
$30,000, $15,000, $6,000, $5,000, $4,000, $3,000,
.10 prizes of $1,000, 15 prizes of $600, 20 prizes of
$ 500, &c.
-;, Tickets only $1;:, Halves $5, Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of ac&ages of 25 whole tickets, $120;
; i Hflves and Quarters in proportion.
"- I~-R-omtA NORFOlK LOTTERY', Class No.
6, for 1836, to be drawn at Alexandria, Va.,
September 24, 1836. 75 No. Lottery-12 drawn
ballots.
bo alt GRAND SCHEME.
$30,000, $8,000, $4,000, $3,000, $2,500, $1,017,
100 prizes of $1,000, &c.
Tickets only $10, Halves $5, Quarters $2 50.
A,* Certificates of Packages of 25 whole tickets, $130,
I HalVes and Quarters in proportion.
MAGNIFICENT SCHEME.


$60,000, $30,000, $20,000.
GRAND CONSOLIDATED LOTTERY, Class
A, for 1836, to be drawn on the 19th of October,
1836, at Wilmington, Del. 75 No. Lottery 12
drawn ballots.
SPLENDID CAPITALS!!
1 Prize of $60,000 5 Prizes of $2,500
1 do 30,000 12 do 2,000
1 do 20,000 15 do 1,500
1 do 11,340 75 do 1,000
2 Prizes of 5,000 100 do 600
2 do 4,000 126 do 300
5 do 3,000
Besides many of $200, $150, $100, &c. Lowest
prize, $20.
Tickets only $20, Halves $10, Quarters $5.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets in this
magnificent scheme will be sent for $260; certifi-
cates of halves $130, quarters $65.
For tickets and shares in the above splendid
schemes, address
D. S. GREGORY & CO.,
Managers,
Successors of YATES & McINTYRE,
Washington City, D. C.
The drawings will be punctually sent to all who
order tickets as above.
Aug 17-d&c2w
1TOCK OF GROCERIES, HOUSEHOLD
FURNITURE, &c.-On Wednesday, 14th in-
stant, at 10 o'clock A. M., I shall sell at the
store of Mr. -William Harvey, opposite the Six
Buildings, all of his stock of Groceries, Liquors,
&c., all of which are fresh, and of good quality,
consisting of, viz:
Loaf and brown Sugars, Tea, Coffee, Rice,
Starch,
Shaving and brown Soaps, sperm and mould
Candles,
Cavendish and Lump Tobacco,
Whiskey, Gin, Rum,
Lamp Oil, Salad Oil, Molasses,
S Mustard, Brooms, Pepper, bbls of Vinegar,
Earthenware, Oild Stand, Stand C'sks,
Feed Binn, Counter, Shelves, Scales, Weights,
&C,
Also, the Household and Kitchen Furniture.


THE GLOBE.



SATURDAY, SEPT. 10, 1836.

MARYLAND ELECTION.
The late trial of strength in Maryland, in so far
as it regards the election of President, is decisive
in favor of the democracy. There is a majority
of above THREE THOUSAND of the popular
vote in favor of the democratic candidates for
senatorial electors, avowing themselves openly in
favor of Mr. Van Buren, against the opposing
candidates who availed themselves of the popu-
larity of every Presidential aspirant against Mr.
Van Buren. That the opposition have carried
their Senate by a majority of two, is attributable
to that inequality of representation in the State
which gives to Calvert, with 'little more than
three thousand citizens, TWO REPRESENTA-
TIVES in the body appointing the Senators,
and Baltimore, with upwards of s&xty-one thou-
sand, only ONE REPRESENTATIVE. This
system, which makts three equal to sixty, does
not oxibt in Presidential elections. The State
votes by general ticket, and we have scarce a
doubt that the majority of three thousand in favor
of the Van Buren senatorial electors will be aug-
mented in that for Presidential electors.
It is pretended by Gales and other opposition
editors, that their party took little interest in the
late struggle, and did not come to the polls.
This is sheer deception. We are apprized
that large subscriptions were raised, great feasts
given, and every species of petty bribery
employed. But the sense of the impor-
tance of the election, which occurs only once in
five years, was sufficient of itself to call out the
w.hoe body of anti-republicans. The electors
just chosen, appoint the Senate. They always
make this body unanimous for the party electing
them. The Senate, therefore, which is unani-
mous, controls the Legislature of the State, and
decides for five years the appointment of every
officer of State, from the Governor down, as well
as the Senators of the United States. The oppo-
sition having turned out at the beginning of the
last five years' reign, every democratic officer in
the State was sensible that all their place hold-
ers depended on the result of last Monday. Be-
sides all this, the majority of the people have been
struggling to get a revision of the constitution, to
restore them to equal rights in the elective
franchise, and to get rid of the monstrous
anomaly of a Senate elected by electors chosen
on the rotten borough principle. The late result
shows what a mockery it makes of the great rep-
resentative principle. The federalists carried the
little county or St. Mary's by 13 votes. These 13
votes give the federal party two votes, which is a
power of two to one over the sixty thousand of the
city of Baltimore, carried by the democrats by a
majority of more than 1600. These two votes of
St. Mary's give the whole Senate to the opposi-
tion, and complexion to the Legislature for five
years-appoint the Governor, and through him all
the State officers-and denies the people all power
to reform a Government by which they are so op-
pressed.
Can Gales make any body believe that the fede-
ralists would ever launch out their means to sup-
port Harrison,with the same zeal and liberality they
would to maintain their long enjoyed despotism
over the State?

WHO ARE THE SPECULATORS?
The Boston Atlas makes this inquiry of us, in
reply to the flat denial of the charge of specula-
tion brought against Mr. Van Buren, and the au
thotized digelaimer of an- p, t^ip, J.iauu iy him,
directly or indirectly, now or at any time, in the
purchase of the public lands. To this new call
of the Atlas for the speculators, we cannot re-
spond fully, not having the slightest connection
with speculations of any sort, and very little ac-
quaintance with the concerns of others. But we
are enabled (through information just derived
from a friend of undoubted veracity) to point out
to the editor of the Atlas A SPECULATOR OF
GODLIKE DIMENSIONS. We understand that
DANIEL WEBSTER (profanely sir-named the


God-like by his friends) is A GIGANFIC SPECU-
LATOR. And further, we have heard, and be-
lieve, that he has contrived to get A LARGE
SUM of money out of the deposit banks to
make his speculations in the public lands.

PEOPLE SPEAKING OUT.
The WHITE and BELL party in Tennessee,
when they secretly struck their bargain with the
bank and federal leaders to transfer the State to
them, proceeded by stealth to pack a legislature in-
imical to the President-all pretending to be
friends. The legislature then filled the offices with
the same sort of white friends to the President;
that is, friends fair outside, but black at heart to-
wards him. In anticipation, all the leading presses
in the State were purchased up, and kept up
the same hypocritical profession; and with these
preparations, the insidious war upon the adminis
tration commenced. The mass of the people of
the State have been thus completely imposed on
as to thereal designs of the hypocrites and apostates
who have engaged to sacrifice the principles and
party that support General Jackson's administra-
tion, and with them all the happy results of his
policy, and his glory as a statesman. But it seems
that the people are awaking to a sense of the con-
spiracy of Bell and White, and regardless of the or-
ganized State power which has been arrayed to giye
a new direction to its politics, the people are boldly
taking a stand and expressing their "full and cordial
approbation" t fan administration,which White and
Bell are basely and falsely charging with corrup-
tion. In the following letter the President mani-
fests the grateful ir-ipression which the cordial and
kind support from his old friends makes on his


We he, fillow citizensg, in evil timeit when i-
litlcal apostacy-becomnes frequent, when pt1blic
tpen abandon principle, their former party attach-
ments and associations, and for selfish endi and
aggrandizement, are attempting to uiindermine our
republican system; and by throwing themselves
into the arms of those entertaining opposite opin
ions, to destroy the great and fundamental princi.
ples upon which the government, formed by the
people for their own prosperity tnd happiness,
has been heretofore successfully administered.
The vigilance of the people, who possess the
sovereign power, can alone crush this danger, by
selecting public agents, who will carry out the
principles which you have so fully approved in
my administration.
The people alone control the means by which
our liberties, our glorious union and republican
form of Government, can be preserved and per-
petuated. The rising generation looks to you, as
you have done to your fathers, to hand down to
them unimpaired, the free institutions they es-
tablished.
I beg you to convey to the citizens of Bedford
this assurance of my deep regret, that it will not
be in my power to visit them on this occasion; and
to offer them an expression of my best wishes fo
their prosperity and happiness.
I am very truly,
Your obedient servant,
ANDREW JACKSON
To Wm. Gilchrist and others, committee.

THE GOVERNMENT STOCK IN THE UNI-
TED STATES BANK.
"It is notorious that the President has at all
times asserted, that the Bank of the United
States would never pay off its stockholders at
par; these assertions have been reiterated by all
the panders of corruption. The Globe has re-
peated them, times without number. At length
Congress passed a law, authorizing the Secre-
tary of the Treasury to dispose of the stock,
(seven millions of dollars,) owned by the Go-
vernmentin that institution. What has Mr. Wood-
bury done in relation to this subject ? It is
widiin my knowledge, that the bank is ready and
willing to make the purchase on fair and equita-
61be, terms. Now, here is seven millions of stock,
which the hireling echoes of the palace have been
compelled to assert was not worth ninety cents on
a dollar, and for which they are offered and re-
fuse, in cash, one hundred and ei4-ht or ten cents
on a dollar. Why is such an offer refused ? Why
has not Mr. Woodbury offered the stock fubr
sale, in the market, at a fixed price ? Are we to
be told that he has not had sufficient time to as-
certain its true value? Has he not been familiar with
its concerns for years past ? Have nut weekly
statements been laid before him, from the day
that he came into the Treasury, until the 4th of
March last, when the bank ceased to operate? But
more than all, are the public to be impudently
informed, that all the slanders against this insti-
tution, based upon statements from the Treasury
Department, were published to the world, with-
out examination, and without a knowledge of their
truth or falsity ? If any indivi luals or company
are willing to take this stock, and pay for it at
its real value, why does not Mr Woodbury sell it?
S"I will tell you, and in doing it I only repeat
what I have heretofore said, that he refuses to
sell this stock because he is determined to de-
feat the law of Congress. If he sells the stock,
the money might come into the Treasury, and
would constitute an increase of surplus, to be
divided on the 1st of January."
NOTE rBY THE GLOBE.-The above extract is
from that receptacle of all kinds of misrepresenta
tion, the Boston Atlas, and purports to be from a
correspondent in New York. We should not no
tice it, were not the real truth on the subject im
portant to be known, independently of the correc-
tion of several misstatements, for which not the
slightest foundation exists in any thing which has
yet taken place.
1. The act of Congress referred to does not, as
the Atlas groundlessly asserts, authorize Mr.Wood-
bury to sell the stock owned by the Governmeni
in the United States Bank. This any person may
see, who will take the trouble to read the law
We are told that such an authority was requested
allowing any bidders permission first to examine
into the concerns of the institution, so as to be
able to know, with some certainty, the value o:
the stock before bidding, and to make proposals
But the friends of the Bank did not choose tt
move such an amendment to the bill. To hav
attempted to carry it against them, would have
exposed the bill to defeat by delay..
2. We have been authorized to state thai
no offer has been made or refused of any sum pel
s'are, though this profligate Bank partisan says
"they are offered and refuse, in cash, eight or ten
cents on a dollar."
3. The act only empowers the Secretary ol
the Treasury t, settle with the Bank on suct


terms as he may find to be proper; and, su far
from delaying the settlement en his part for any
purpose whatever, as is falsely alleged by this
unscrupulous advocate of the Bank, we have in.
quired, and are informed, that even before the ad-
journment of Congress a letter was written to the
Bank by Mr. Wooddury, enclosing a copy of the
act, and urging immediate steps for a settlement,
that he afterwards had an interview with Mr. Bid-
dle on the same subject, and expressed his readi-
ness and desire to enter into an arrangement as soor
as the preliminary information necessary to a cor-
rect knowledge of the value of the stock was com-
municated, or soon as the Bank itself was prepared
to make proposals of the time, mode, and amount
contemplated by it, for adjustment; that assurances
were given in return that the Bank would, al
as early a day as practicable, present its proposals
that, not receiving them in the months of June
and early part of July, nor the information re-
quested, another letter was written to the Bank in
the latter part of July, and renewed assurances
given in reply, that the Bank was causing to be
made, as diligently as the season of the year and
the extent and nature of the inquiry would allow,
a full examination, preparatory to offers for meet-
ing the wishes of the Department as to an adjust-
ment; and that whenever completed, the Depart-
ment would be apprized of the result.
Yet after all this, the brazen-faced advocate of
the Bank, professing to be fully acquainted with
the whole subject, has the graceless impudence to
impute designed delay to Mr. Woodbury, and a
wish on his part to postpone an adjustment till
another year, as a part of the monstrous conspira-
cy by the President and Cabinet to defeat the de-


following 11 the Evaniville Journal. Tho paper.
is respectable: the ttdement editorial, 'and it
would, therefore, seem to be worthy of cr lit.
The American say
For ourselves-though loth to entertain siue'
a belief--we cannot get rid of the impression that
this specie Circular is only part of a great plot by
means whereof men, high in the confidence of the
General Goveminent, are to be enabled to make
vast land speculations at the expense of the very
:class for whose rights and welfare so much solici-
tude is affected-actual settlers. On this head,
we refer to the extracts which follow respecting
land speculations "
Then comes the article from the Evansville
Journal: '
The New-York Winnebago Land Company:
the People's Money, and Van Buren.-Think not,
gentle reader, that the long head of this article
will have appended to it a long tale. No, it is
soon told. .
"1st. There is a company of land speculators
ycleped The New York Winnebago Land Cornm.
pany,' with an immense capital of twenty mil-
lions!
2d. The people's nImney once was safe in the
U. States Bank, whereit was placed by the laws
of our country. There 't could not be used for
the purpose of electioneering. It was removed
thence by thefiat of General Jackson, and placed
in the pet baisks-that is to say, in such banks
as were willing to succumb to the powers that be,
and allow the money to be used for the purpose of
bringing to the Presidency of these United States,
the adopted heir of General Jackson; but the
money is not in those banks now.
3d. Martin Van Buren is the principal stock-
holder in the New York Winnebago Land Com-
pany !
"4th. The New York Winnebago Land Comn-
pa y is constituted of Van Buren men, good and
true.
"5th. The New York Winnelago Land Corn-
pany has a large portion of the people's money,
in the hands of the agents, who are travelling
through the western country, and buying the peo-
ple's land with it!
"6th. These agents of the New York Winne-
bago Land Company are, as in duty bound, cun-
ningly electioneering to make Martin Van Buren
President of these United States.
"Now, reader, what think you of this MON-
STER, the New York Winnebago Land Compa-
ny? There is no fiction in the above statements.
It is. within our knowledge that this company has,
within a few days, purchased a great deal of
valuable land in this city. Suppose this company
should lay out their wholecapital, twenty millions,
in the purchase of new land, it would purchase
sixteen millions acres of land!-territory enough
for the erection of an independent kingdom.
Hc-e, indeed, is a MONSTER, more to be feared
than a thousand United States Banks."
We shall take the shortest course with this fa-
brication; we pronounce every important fact in
the statement untrue.
The capital of the company alluded to, instead
of being twenty millions, is less than one hundred
thousand dollars.
Mr. Van Buren has no interest, direct or indi-
rect, in the stock, nor has Mr. Attorney General
Butler.
It is managed in this city. Its president is a
whig of the first watel, and so are a majority of
Sits directors; among whom is an individual distin-
guished as a whig candidate for one of the most
important offices -in this State in the last abortive
struggle for power.


THE ENGLISH TORY LORDS AND THE
AMERICAN WHIG SENATORS.
The following scrap, which we take from the
National (Bank) Gazette, of Philadelphia, shows
how perfectly the Bank Senators (who by a mis-
nomer call themselves Whigs) are identified in
the minds of their own party with the Tory Lords,
who distinguish themselves as CONSERvATIVES;
that is, conservatives of the existing abuses of the
English Government. The Bank Gazette pub-
lishes a strong argument, in favor of the irresponsi-
ble power of the House of Lords and in opposi-
tion to the effort of the reformers to render that
body elective, and subject to the will of the nation.
This vindication of an absolute and irresponsible
aristocracy in its senatorial sphere, is thus intro-
duced with an editorial commendation, in that ulti a
Bank press, (the Gazette,) which has just given
in its adhesion to Harrison:
"It is, therefore, but common justice to present
the arguments which the organ of an ancient, dig-
nified, and gifted aristocracy, a class which, in
former ages, has done high and noble service for
liberty and knowledge, and still exercises irrespon-
sible political authority with calmness, if not with
perfect impartiality, offers in favor of the continu-
ance of its existence and powers. The fate of the
House of Lords cannot fail to excite interest in the
mind of every intelligent American who valuh s the
stability of Governments as the surest guaranty of
progressive freedom. The free press of the United
States, if past indications have not deceived us,
may yet have to do battle for the federal branch
of our own National Legislature."

GLORIOUS NEWS.
Below will be found the result of yesterday's
contest, and if the victory is not ours, yet it cer-
tainly affords the most flattering earnest of the
speedy reg-eneration of old Talbot. For years
past the federal majorities haie ranged from eighty
to one hundred; but the day of retribution is fast
approaching; instead of one hundred and fifty or
two hundred majority, as was anticipated by our
opponents, they have left us in a meager minority
of TWENTY-E-VE votes. The people (f Talbot
will not sustain the federal party in its lawless in-
vasion of their rights. Our friends have but to
make one more exertion, and the first Monday in
October will crown their efforts with success.-
Eastern Shore Whig.

THE BALTIMORE VISITORS.
The following citizens, having been appointed a
committee for the purpose of receiving and ten-
dering the hospitalityof the city to the Baltimore
Volunteers on Monday next, are requested to meet,
on the morning of that day, at the Rotundo of the
Capitol, at 10 o'clock precisely.


Peter Force,
Gen. N. Towson,
C A. R. D. Wainwright,
Col. Chas. K. Gardner,
Col. S. Burch,
Col. W. Hickey,
Col. P. Mauro,
Maj. P. G. Washington,
Maj. Edward Simms,
Capt. S. Masi,


Gen. A. Hunter,
Gen. R. C. Weightman,
Wm. A. Bradley,
Thomas Carbery,
Col. W. W. Seaton,
Thomas L. Smith,
Marmaduke D)ove,
Geo. Watterston,
J(hn A. Smith,
Jacob A. Bender.


PETER FORCE, Chairman.

MARRIED),
On Tuesday Evening last, by the Rev. Mi.
Van Horseigh, Mr. RICHARD B. OWENS to
Miss ELIZA A. M. CLUBB, all of this city.


PUBLIC SALE.
0 N Friday next, 9th instant, I shall sell for ac.-
count (fthe United States, the following ar
,ice ; the sale t 'take place at the Potomac
bridge, at 12 o'clock, M.
2 Hoatt and Oars
16 white oak Piles,- from 25 to 45 feet in
length
5 white pine Logs; 20 Carolina Logs
30 to 40 pieces Carolina and w white pine scant-
ling
'cross-cut Saws, Shovels, Augurs, Blocks
Falls, rigging and other articles
Terms of sale, cash.


Sept ?7-d3t


EDWARD DYER,
Auctioneer.


N OTICE.-The Teacher of the Lancasterian
Free School, for the 1st district of this city,
having resigned his situation in that Institution, (to
take effect on the 28th instant,) notice is hereby
given to whom it may concern, that the Trustees
will proceed to elect a Teacher for said school on
the 15th instant.
W. MATTHEWS, President.
N. B. Salary $800-system .8he Lancasterian.
Sept 10-3t (Met.)


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Wisar oTo; tept, ., 1836
1IR: I send enclosed some propositions o,,
S wagers on the approaching Presidenti d delec-
ion, which you will please to have published ii,
he Globe a ati advertisement, three times a weeh
uhtil the -1st of November. Should any person
call to take up any Of the wagers, please send for t
me. I T Respectfully,, J. M,
ED)ITO. d TilE GLOBE.

I perceive that the editors of the federal paper?
are now making tables,, based upon their iti-
about the recent elections, to show the probability)
of their defeating Mr. VAx BUEnx for the Presi-
dency. One editor gives' Mr. VAN BuiiEs 17
electoral votes out of 294; another gives him 22
But Duff Green, thinking (I svppe) these "ta-
bles'" too .barefaced, published i. theTelegraph.
of yesterday a table prepared by himself, on in-
troducing which, he says: "In parenting the foi-
lowing estimate,: we do it with the-utm-.-st -confn-
dence that the result given will be realized.: It-is
formed upon a thorough and impartial examination
of the state of parties at the present time..' This
table give HAtBIsoN 100, WHITE 93, VAN BUiRENK .
74,. and WEBSTEM, 14i electoral votes, and puts
down the remainder, 13, as doubtful. .,
Now I propose to prove conclusively that
nobody believes these editors; and, further, that
they do not believe themselves. I will ('o it with one
of their own argutnents-a' wager and the bet
one they use, too, for they are otten.cer wn
they offer it. '" '
They have claimed all the St 1es where i th
elections have recently taken place; they have
claimed'every section ot the Unioni and they have
claimed a majority of the United States, for theiir-
candidates. /
1 now offer them the following wagers, some of
which they must accept, if they believe any part of
of what they have said.
1st. I will bet $100 on each of the eight south-
ern and western States, where elections bave re-
cently taken place, namely, Kentucky, indiana,
Illinois, Missouri, North Carolina, Alabama, Lou-
isiana, 'and Arkansas, that VAN BUazx 'receives
the electoral vote of the State.
2d. I will bet $250 that HARRISON, WarE, and
WEBSTER, will not get mote electoral votes6ji the
New England States than Mr. VAN BUB.UEN:'-250
that they will not- get more in the middle States,
namely, New" York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania,,
Delaware, and Maryland, than Mr. VAN BuaRL
$250 that they will not get more in the western
States, namely, Kentucky, Ohio, Michigan, In-
diana, Ilinois, and Missouri, than Mr. VAN BUREN:
and $250 that they will not get more in the south-
ern States, including all the States of the Union
that have not been named herein, than Mr. VAN

3d. I will bet $1,000 that Mr. VA1 BUREN will
be elected President of the United States at the
ensuing election: $250 that he gets double as
many electoral votes as HARRISON: $250 that he
gets three times as many as WHITE: $250 that he
gets four times as many as WEBsrTER: and $250 that
he gets twenty-five electoral votes more than all
three of them.
The money to be deposited in the Bank of
the Metropolis in this City.
Those who are prepared to take any of the
above wagers, will please inquire at this office for
the advertiser. Sept 5-3tawtN.
H HANDSOME AND GENTEEL FURNI-
TURE for Sale.-I shall sell, at the resi-
dence Qf Christopher Andrews, Esq, corner of G
street north, and Tenth street west, on Tuesday
next, the 13th instant, at 11 o'clock, A. M., all his
Household and Kitchen Furniture, including
Dining, Card, and Centre Tables
Hair Sofa, Parlor, and other Chairs
Sideboard, Lamps
Mantel Clock, and Mantel Ornaments
Carpets, Beds, Bedsteads, Bedding
China, Crockery, and Glass Ware
Cooking S.tove, Safe, and'other Kitchen Fur-
niture.
A very excellent double-barrelled Gun, with
mahogany case; a highly-finished pair of Pistols,
'and an excellent short Ilifle, brass-mounted and
bushed with gold; also, Saddles, Bridles, Halters,
&c. tfor riding and stable use, and sundry other ar-
ticles.
Trrms; all sums of and under $50, cash; all
over $50, a credit of sixty days, !or notes bearing
interest, with approved endorsers.


POTOMAC AQUEDUCT. ,
P ROPOSALS will be received by the Alexan! -t
dria Canal Company, till the 10th day of Sep- -
tember inclusive, for building- six stone Piers of
the Aqueduct over the Potomac near George- 1
town. The Piers to be founded upon the solid
Rock, which has been discovered all across the e
river at the depth of about 25 feet below the tides, (
and to be made of the hard blue granite which
is so abundant and fine upon the margin of the
river and canal within five miles of the site of the
work.
The stone to vary from 6 to 20 cubic fet and
laid partly in hydraulic and partly in common
lime mortar. Tiie two larger or abutment piers
will be 21 feet thick at high water mark, and
slope in their whole height one inch to the foot-
being about 50 feet 2 tenths by 16 feet 2 tenths
at top-and the four single piers, or piers of sup-
pot to be about 41-16 by 7-16 at tops, sloping
in like manner as the Abutment Piers.
The Masonry of each of the two large Piers
will contain about 2500 cubic yards, and that of
each of the four smaller Piers, will contain about
1500 cubic yards.
It is desired to have the Masonry executed in
the best manner, and according to more minute
and accurate details and specifications which will
be had by reference to Captain William Turnbull,
Engineer in charge of the work-commuications
may be directed to him in the city of Washington.
The Letting will take place at Alexandria on
Thursday, the 15th day of September next.
All proposals will be directed to the subscriber,
Clerk of the Company at Alexandria.
JOHN H. CREASE,
Aug 13-10S Clerk of Alex. Canal Co.

V VALUABLE REAL ESTATE FOR SALE.-
The undersigned Commissioners, acting in
obedience to and under the authority of an order
of the high Court of Chancery of the State of Ma-
ryland, will expose to public sale to Lhe highest
bidder, on Monday, the 10th day of October next,
at Grimes' store, adjoining the premises, that
highly valuable tract of land situated in Prince
George's county and State aforesaid, two or three
miles south of the eastern branch of the Potomac,
called Barnaby Manor," containing by patent
1,407 acres, and now the residence of Henry A.
Callis, Esq.
This land abounds in wood and timber, having a
great excess above a supply for the demands of the
farm, and much more than any estate near it. It
is well watered, and remarkably healthy. A con-
siderable timothy meadow can be made on it, at a
small expense. The soil, originally fertle, has
suffered from bad and excessive cultivation; but
its aptitude to the growth of red clover, and hap-
py susceptibility to the action of gypsum, insure
and facilitate its restoration to fertility in a short
time, and at little expense.
The buildings are comfortable, and sufficient for
the accommodation of a large family. A sum
not exceeding $500 will, be required in cash; for
the residue of the purchase money, three years'
credit will be given, the purchaser executing bond,
with approved security, bearing interest from the
day of sale.
JOSEPH KENT,
GEO. SEMMES,
Ang 26-eod&cts NOTLEY MADDOX.

A CARD.
T HE increased extent of Mr. HOBAN'S profes-
sional engagements rendering it impractica-
ble for him to devote to the details of General
VAS NEss's affairs that attention originally con-
templated, by the undersigned, our mutual inte-
rests and convenience have suggested the dis-on.
tinuance of the business arrangement at present
subsisting between us, and the substitution, in its
stead, of one upon a new basis. In consequence
of which, rents due Gen. VAN NESS will,in future,
be paid to himself, or to hii nephew, Mr. CHARLES
W. VAN NEss, at his residence on Mansion Square,
or at the Bank of ihe Metropolis.
JOHN P. VAN NESS.
Sept 5-3t JAMES HOBAN.

V ERY SUPERIOR CARRIAGE AND
HORSES, at private sale--A first rate andi
handsome northern built carriage of modern con-
struction, with complete harness of best quali-
ty, and a pair of splendid young match horses,
active, kind, and in all respects perfectly sound,
the property of the Hon. L. Cass, are offered at
private sale. For particulars apply at the auction
and general commission house opposite Brown's
Hotel.
Sept 5 P. MAURO. &: SON.
WOOD WANTED--,twenty-five cords good
dj-y pine, and twelve cords seasoned hick-
pry wood.
To be delivered, corded, on the square upon
which the new theatre stands.
Inquire at this office.
Stpt 6-dlOt

NEW BOOKS.
1j HE Parricide, a domestic Romance, by the
U. author, of "Miserrimus;" 2 volumes.
Tales of Fashion and Reality, by the Miss Beau-
clerks, complete, in 1 volume; also, the first num-
bcr of the uniform edition of Bulwer's works, con-
taining "Pelham," is this day received, and for


sale by F. TAYLOR. Sept 10
VERY VALUABLE AND) DESIRA-
BLE PROPERTY FOR SALE.
r-HE subscriber offers for sale the following
L described valuable property, viz: the Lot
and Buildings at the corner of the Pennsylvania
Avenue and 6th street West; it also corners on
B street North, and fronts on the basin of the City
'Canal. The Lot at the corner of Pennsylvania
Avenue and 11th street West; 52 feet on the Ave-
nue and 131J on 11th street, opposite Clagett's
dry goods store; and the two story Brick Building
where the subscriber at present resides, with the
whole or part of the Lots attached theretoc, front-
'_ f 10f -fd- 0- 1 f-- T-+t__L 1 00 r- --


EDW. DYER,-
Auctioneer.


CASHI SALE OF SATPRRIOR, SPLENDID
AND MOD-ERN FUtRNITtJUIC,.---On Tues-
day, 20th instant, we shall sell, at the residence ol
the Hon. Lewis Cass, Secretary of War, his en-.
tire Household Furniture, which embraces the
most valuable, fashionable and splendid articles
of superior quality; among the most rare of which
will be found:
Saxony Royal Imperial (Drawing-room) Carpets
and Rugs,
Very best Brussels Chamber, Dining-room and
other Carpets,
Pier Tables, Satin Damask Window Curtains, Two
complete suits of Drawing-room Cabinet Furni-
ture, selected 1 to correspond, (blue and black,)
each embracing Sofas, Lounges, Chairs, Otto-
mans, Rocking and Arm Chairs,
First rate large French Mirrors,
Rich bronzed and gilt Astral, Bracket, Side, Sus-
pending and Mantel Lustre Lamps,
Fire Irons (modern,) superb Mantel Time-piece,
and ornaments corresponding in quality and
style,
A first rate Piano Forte, (by Loud, New York,)
Vauable Oil Paintings and Prints,
Rich Glass Ware of every description,
English, French, and various Diniag, Desert,
Breakfast and Tea China,-
Heavy silver-bordered Sheffield Plated Ware,.
of a variety, '
Alabaster Busts,
CHAMBIER FuRNITURE, comprising every reqi.-
site for comfort and convenience,
Best Madeira and French Wines.
It is impracticable to give an idea of the extent,
elegance and superiority of this furniture; it will
be subject to inspection an entire day prior to the
sale.
Sale to commence at 10 o'clock, A. M.
I P. MAURO & SON,
Sep 9-dists Auctioneers.

NOTICE.
PATENT OFFICE, Sept. 7, 1836.
SftN the petition of Aza Arnold, of North Pro.
" evidence, Rhode Island, dated 2d Septem-
ber, 1836, praying for "an extension of his patent
for an improvement in the Double Speeder for
roving cotton," for seven years from the expira-
tion of said patent, which takes place on the 21st
day of January, 1837, it is ordered that said pe-
tition be heardat the Patent Office, on the 21st
day of December, 1836, at 12 o'clock, M.; and
all persons are notified to appear, and show
cause, if any they have, why said petition ought
not to be granted.
Ordered, alao, That this notice be published in
the Globe, printed at Washington City; in the Re-
publican Herald, printed in Providence, Rhode
Island; and in the Statesman, printed at Boston,


OrFFICE or BANK UMIrTEb STATES,
Washington, Aug. 29, 1836. 5
HE subscriber will dispose of the property
transferred from the Bank of Columbia,_for
the use of the United States, and of the Bantik of
the United States, -at fair prices. Persons wish-
ing to purchase any of the following will be pleased
to apply to him:
IN WASIINGTOY:
Sqilire No. 37, lots 8, 18, and 19, vacant.
Square No. 56, lots 6 and 7, vacant.
Square No. 62, lots 7,-8, and 9, vacant.
Square No. 67, lot 8, vacant. -
Square No. 75, lot 5, vacant.
Square No. 77, lots 19 and 20, vacant, '
Square No, 80, lot 10, vacant.-
Square- No. 84, lot 6, vacant.
East of square No. 87, lot 3, vacant.
Square No. 101, lots 13 and 14, vacant.
Square No. 103, lot 4, vacant.'
Square No. 172, lots 21 ard 27, vacant.
Square No. 223, lot 1, vacant.*
SSquare No. 226, lots 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7, vacant
Square No. 234, lots 3, 4, anrid 14, vacant.
Square No. 291, lots 10 and 11, vacant.
Square No. 347, lot 10, with- i thre-story brick
house, formerly occupied as a medical co,1ige.
Square No. 294, lot 4, vacant.
Square No. 457, lot 6, vacant.
Square No. 569, lots 41 and 42, vacant.
Square No. 821, lot 14, vacant. '
Square No. 874, lots 7 and i4, vacant.
Square'o. 878, lots 26, 27, 28, and 29, vacant '
Square No. 902, lot 3, vacant.
Square No. 977, undivided moiety of lot No. 2.
Square No. 977, lots. 17 and 26, vacant.:
Square No. 994, lot 2, vacant.
Square No. 995, lots 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.t
and 25, vacant.
.Square'No. 996, ot l3,vacant.
Square No. 978, lots 14 and 15, vacant.
Square No. 1000, lots 2P, 23, and 24, vacant.
Square No. 1001, lots 13, 19, aid 20 vacant.
Square No. 1024, lot 4, vacant.
Square No. 1116, lots 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11,
12, and 13, vacant.
IN ALEXANDRIA COUNTY, 1). C.
The mil' and factoryjat tihe Little Falls ol" the
" Potomac.
A travt of land opposite Georgetown, %with ex-
tensive stone quarries, a stone mill, and the ferry
containing about 1,822 acres.
IN VIRGINIA.
A tract of land in- Cockpit point, Prince Willianrm
county, containing about 130 acres."
One tract of land in Cockpit Point, containing
about 1,817 acres.
One tract of land in Fairfax county, aear the
town of Providewce, containing about 1.220 acres.
One tract of land in Loudon county, containing
about 700 acres.
On tract of land in Loudon county, part of the
tract called Wallington," containing about 1,464,
acres.
One tract of land in Shenandoah county, con-
taining about 1,498. -
One tract of land in Hardy county, containingE
about 10'089 acres.
IN PENNSYLVANIk.
One-third of a tract of land inm Fayette county,
containing 200 acres. -
On tract in Mercer coutity, containing 200
acres..
One tract in Franklin county, 40 acre, at Little
Cove.
One-third of a tract in Warren township, corn-
taining 271 acres,
IN MARYLAND.


---Orncuc Cfl.~aK Us rrtft Shfrxs, ?
ffashiington, u 9. 93, 1836.
fS^HE HXsubscriber.will dispose 4of' th whole
jf-_ or of any part of thef(61lowitng deoribed
property, belongi.g'to the 'Bank of the Unitedl'
States, 'at fIur prices, and h1e invites, proposal
therefore, viz: c.
IN WASHINGTON. .
Lot No., It, in square No. 14, vacant.
Lot No. I10, in square No. 27, with a g6od two
stury brick house, on Pennsylvania' Avenue,-op-.
posite Mr. Forsyth's. *g :. "
Lot No. 17, in square No. 36, wi thtwo story :
frame building,-inear general I hompuOf's.
, Lot No. 9; in -square No. 77, vacant:.-.;
SLots Nos.,9? 10, aad11, in square 106, vicant.-
Lot No. 9,in square 0No. 18, on. Pelms)-lvania-
Avenue,witlih a g6odtHre sto bhick hvup,b'einag
oa0 of the seven buildings. :, -. -
W#t hslfof- lot. No. :1, iwoquare No. 166
vacapt; frontin',eGi Pcnisyl'awia Avenug, near
the War )'Department. '
Lots Naoi. 10" I, 12 i1, 13, 14,'"ahd 1 i5. square
No;. 1a69, with th^.iOuable ini cIrovements thereon,
known as ;hp prqp.rty4f.i t Ji e Wi.0 W its' t
ES4. -
Lots Nos:' 1, 2, 3, ,f 20, 2, 93', "and 24, in
sqiagre Ni6.--VAVtwiththe' buildings finlreon, now
occupied, by tlhis-office at the- banking house,
dwelling, &c !!' i.'^ .", ; .'
Lots Nos, 6, 8,JO and 2 in sqareJ No. 230,
vacant, some ofl them frontilng oithe canal.
Lots 'Nib. 18; 19, and 20,in sqiar tr 0 No. 250; -
vacafnt. '. *- ..-':' .. +
Lot No..,4,4,ip square h" 2S7,! vacant, netr=',
c an al. .. L ; I
Undivided moiety f tl o and 2, in square -
W57, vacant. "
LotsNos; 4 and-5, inB"quare No.225,r
sylvania Avenue, with -the lArge brick tavornlat, -
occupied by Mrs. Strother. -
Lot No. 7, and parts of lots Nos. 3 and 4,
-square No. 385, on Maryland Avenue.
Lots Nos. .5 and 6, in square No. 533, vacant.
East half of .lot Jo. 4, -in square -ro 461, with
the large brick house on Pennsylvania Avenue,
occupied b- Mrs.' Ball as a boarding house. -
Lot No. 3, in square No. -576, vacant.
Lot in square soutb of No. ".'744,' fonting 127J
ieeton 1st street,.and 132 1.-6 feat deep, on the
Eastern Branch. ,
IN GEORGETOWN.
Two three story brick houses in Cox's ro, t
street.
One three story brick house in Smith's rbow, 1st,
street.
One three story brick house at corner of 1st and
Market streets.
-Two three story brick houses onf Washington
street, opposite the Union Hotel.
One three story brick House on Bridge street,
now occupied by Mr'Abbott. -
One, warehouse and lut on Water street, now
occupied by Mr. R. Woodward.
SOne small frame house and lot on parts of lots
Nos. 30 and 31, High street.
Lot No. 85, on 1st street, vacant.
Lots Nos. 100 and 110, in Threlkeld's addition,
vacant.
And the island opposite to Georgetown, -known
as Mason's island.
IN VIRGINIA"
A tract of land in Albemarle county, being part
of that formerly owned by President Monroe.
IN MARYLAND.
The tract of land in Frederick county, called
Gurnkirk, adjoining the town of Clarksburg.
Aug 25 dtfif RD. SMITH, Cashier.3


Sept 9-(Its







,'"t .. ., '' ._ r ;. .^. ,^'; ., ... .- ". .

"i l i






THU/ TRSDAY MORNINGS, sEPT. 1836.

BANK OFW THE UNITED STATES.
The attention of the democracy in every State
a in the Union, aind especially in those States in
wJbich tfe dem ocracy posressoes the majority in the
Legiltture, is earnestly invoked to the following
plain facts and brief rebectioRs.
....e .first,' That the present Pliennsylvania
United States ank* is issuing, and reissuing, the
,-notes :astd. drafts of the old United States Bank.
SThe truth or tirfact can be verifled'at the bank
in Philadelphia, and at all the agencies established
; r by it throughout the United" States; andc so con-
-temptuofs it this institution ifn thus putting the
deadnQtes ofa dead bank upo' the country that it
openly exults and triumphs in such contiduct,,and
r- elies apoa tilhewbi party to keep these defunct
notes in circulation.;. for the payment of wiich no
bank '.oQr'person. are bound, a nd fpr the counter-
fritingof which no person is legally punishable.
The old institution is twice dead; first, by the expi-
Sratien of its charter onthe 3dcVqlarch last, (the
two years being only all4owedit for the purpose of
closing its business;) and secondly, by the accep-
-=taoce of aiiew charter from'Pennsylvania. Qnce
dead is enough t- ,i!tegalize the re-issue otWthe
notess, of the',old bank, "but twice dead is not
enough to reduce this rebel despot to a subjection
to the laws of the land. The notes which were
out at the time of the expiration of the charter,
Sarc good against the -old bank, as the notes given
by a ma hiH his lifetime are good against his es-
State; but onge paid, they are dead, and cannot be
revived or resuscitated by any enactment of law,,
or' by any act of men. Here then are the dead
notes of a dead institution put into circulation, and
that in every State in which an agency can be es-
tablished; for the payment of Which notes nobody
is bound, and for. the forgery of which no body is
liable! Congress has repealed the 14th. section of
the old bank charter, "which 'was to protect the
federal Government against the imposition, of
these defunct notes: is it not the bounden duty of
e, ery democratic State Legislature to take effec-
tual. bL,.ePs to protect the citizens of the State
"aainstc th 0 also?
7 .Faet'the seem -' That the corporators in the
o-d Bank of the United States have not become
subscribers to the toqk of he new Pennsylvanit
Un-ted States Bank. This fact ca; beascertained
by inquiry at the bank in the city of Philadel-
phia, or by applying to any stockholder in the old
bank in any part of the Union. Indeed, it will
tot be questioned it being assumed that the
.charter granted by the State Legislature of Penn-
sylvanial and the acceptance* of that charter by
Mr. Biddle'a automatom directory, has, ipso fact,
transferred the old stockholders (all except the
United States) to thi new institution. This as-
sumption is subject to three separate answers:
1. It is not in the power of the Pennsylvania Le-
gislature, nor of all the Legislatures in the world
put together, to transfer a corporator and his stock
from one bank to another } 2. That it is not in the
.power of, Mr. Biddle's Rliant directory, nor of
all the bank directories upon the face of the
earth, to transfer the stock of one bank to another;
3. 'hat it is not in the power of the stockholders
in the old bank, neither by their own act, nor by
the powers of attorney which they gaye to Mr.
Middle, to transfer their stock to the new bank,
or to any other bank whatever. That stock is
beund, by.the charter, to .the creditors of the old
ba'nk! It cannot be'alienated from that bank !
It may be -Jltrsierred, ai iTS property, to any per-
son, or+ institution, capable in law of holding
stock in itg .,tt it cannot be transferred from it!
This is la -1 reason ; and, therefore, the act of
the Penn) l.a ani. Legislature, the vote of Mr.
Bitddc's directory, and the proxy agencies, just so
far as '.hey assumed to transfer the corporators


another stock from thc old bank to the new one,
Js just -s absurd ':and- sAlly as it is lawless and
voiJ.- .TIe. iew BAnk of Pennsylvania),then, -has
no st'oci and .no stopkholders, and never can
have these of the old Bank of the United States,
except as'new subscribers; for they can neither
transfer themselves, 'nr be transferred, from one to
the other, but must remain bound, to the creditors
of the old institution; notr can: they, by any art of
hoacepoct, be double corporators for the same
stock in both banks at once, any more than they
can possess double, existencies as individuals.: A
corporator, is an artificial person created by law,
Sand cm only transfer his right according to law;
and that is, tip another" who. will take, his place in
the salne corporati:m, aacnbecome subject to all
iis obligtioihs hithat corporation. -The present
stockhiolders in the old Bank of the'United states`
miP ly Aubscribe stock i4 .the,.new Pennsylvnia
United States 1Bank, 4,4nda become corporators
in that bank ; but they cannot be transfered to it
as corporators in the old bank. THUS THE
.W...'wiH' TRICK IS Vdii. 'Thewhew United
States Bank pof,Pennsylvaia is. without stock and
* without stockholders ; the old Bank of the United
' States- posesses its stock'-nd itodkholderf as fully
J"s it(dtd be'rdre the octS pocus cntrivanccs were
put in operation to cffect a metempsychosis more
- impossible and absurd' in law ttran it is in nature.
Y 'et'this bodiless, as well as soulless -institution, is
endeavoring .to protrude branches, Under the
Snadrie of agenes, into al.the States' !
r.;: nhi .^ igd:f. 'Ttit Mr.3a"udon, cashier of this
double -concern, is now, aint'has been for
-:six months, ift Europe, traversing England, Hol-
land and irance, to borrow money for it, and has
succeeded, tolthe extravagant joy of the whole
hanki nartv. ,in effectin some loans in London and


S -

1t an ne# oaite, fend tn fia~l~ frluirtie fbr tli
family Oonnotions, who are a1U quartered upon It.
9' ThIa bauk will never r*fuad one hundred cents
SIn the -d4ar to it;. stockholder, and the wise
should look out Ift time. As to the States to
whom this bfrowing, bank is going to furnish
branches, under the name of agencies, if the)
- want real capital let them borrow gold in Europe
at 4 per cent, for as many years as they will take it.
-F.act thefourth: That the seven millions of stock
owned by the United States in the Bank of the
United States, is not restored to the United States,
Snor the dividends on it paid to the United States;
but that the same is now in the lawless custody
and use of the men who are acting under a char-
ter from the State of Pennsylvania. Why is not
this stock refunded? The cause can only be one
of two reasons: inability, or, unwillingneaO! The
borrowing expedition ..of Mr. Jaudon to Europe,
Should indicate the former; the conduct, of the
directory of the bank, wodld indicate the latter.
SBut why not pay the dividends? Is the whole
seized upon and held as indemnity for the remo
val of the deposits, according to the right claim-
ed for the bank by its directory and the report
of the famous whitewashing committee of 1834?
BLthese reasons as they may, it is a fact, that the
men who are acting under the Pennsylvania char-
ter, have got possession of the seven millions be-
longing to-the United States, and keep it! and
while thus detaining these seven millions, they pre-
tend to have- millions to establish agencies in the
States.
Fact the fifth: That the Pennsylvania United
States Bank intentu3 to establish its agencies in the
States WITHOUT CAPI'AL, and to make them
the instruments for collecting the gold and silver
of the States, and sending it to Philadelphia. This
fact can be ascertained by any State where an
agency is -establishexd, or is about to be establish-
ed. The modus operandi is this: instead of capi-
tal, i. e. specie, they send the dead notes of the
-old dead United States Bank, and with these dead
notes they deal in ex:cchange, and buy and sell
bills of exchange on the east. When they sell a
bill on the east they must remit the means to meet
it, and this remittance is in gold and silver; and
thereby the States become deprived of their hard
money, and get in return for it the dead notes of a
dead institution, for the payrnent of v which nobody
is bound, and for the forgery of which nobody is
punishable. These agencies, then, are mere
SHAVING SHOPS, obtruded into the States to
practice USURY in thie buying and selling of
bills, to EVISC ERATEf. the State of its gold and
silver, to INFEST it with the pestilence of a de-
funct paper currency, andc to make two per cent.
.a month, with exchange added in, lhe current
rate of bil!s.
Fact the sixth: That the charter from the State
of Pennsylvania was only obtained foir the fraudu-
lent purpose of keeping the capital and the stock-
holders of the old Bank of the United States.ji"
urtity and oyistence, to continue to operate in
elections and in politics, until a new- national char-
ter h om Congress can be pilfei'ed fromrn the people,
by smuggling in two-thirds of bank :members into
Congress, rer getting the election of President into
the House olr-epresentatives, where 1he'Bank can
elect one of it debtors and attornies for President.
This is the real design of what is called the State
charter; and to the success of ,his design the es-
tablishment of AG:ENCIES in the States is indis-
pensable. These agencies are to do the POLITI-
CAL work which wais done by the former branch
banks, and as such will be applied for, defended,
protected, and encouraged by the ssi disant
WHIGS in every State in the Union. The de-
mocracy will oppose these agencies; the Whigs
will support them; and this contest will be valuable
in one point of view; it will discriminate parties in
the States, and keep the question on its true
grounds. Bnk or no bank is still the question,
and the expulsion, taxation, and proscription of
these agencies will be the touchstone by which
State politicians will be identified, and State poli-
tics will be governed. Thanks to the audacity of
Biddle! .lHis attempts to obtrude these agencies
into the States will trrnissh the test for detecting'


his partisans, and keeping parties correctly discri- ?
minated.
Fact tse seventh: That the Bank of the Unaited
States, both old and new, is the deadly enemy of'
the constitutional currency, and ihas done, is do-
ing, and will do, all in its power to suppress the
gold currency. The reason of this hatred is be-
cause a national gold currency is preferable to a
national paper currency; and if gold can be re-
stored to circulation, the argument in favor of a.
national bank will cease. Hence the whig war
upon gold; hence the cryof gold humbug; hence
the hatred to all the friends of gold; and hence
the ne.farious efforts, even to imitating counter-
feitq, to bring gold into discredit. Thismwar upon
gold will also have one good effect; it will help to
discriminate parties; it will assist in detecting the
United States Bank partisans; and it will contri-
bute to keep the question on its true basis. Thanks
to Mr. Sherrod Williams! His insidious letter
to Mr. VAN BUREN has rendered a great ser-
vice! It has given him an opportunity to make
known his sentiments on the currency, and has
drawn from that gentleman, not only a declara-
tion of principles, but a luminous argument in Efa
vor of GOLD and SILVElI. Henceforth gold
and Van Buren will be identified! Henceforth he
w.ll be the gold candidate for the Presidency!
The question of the gold currency wilt go into
the Presidential canvass. It will be decided by
the people at the polls; and if Mr. Van Buren is
electdl, as seems certain, the people now have a
pledge for the continuation of President Jackson's
most glorious policy for the restoration of the gold
currency. We rejoin, good luck follows bad inten-
tions, and thanks to Mr. Sherrod Williams for his
Scunning letter! The friends of Mr. Van Buren


Hot ee6tkd 1tilii iat; A fo i+; iAi tdc-
torv could hardly have been achieved, The Stte
is redeemed, regenerated and disenthralled. Out
opponents may now perceive the result of their
mismatnagement, their slanders aiid misrepresen.
tations, and our frieniids may see how far we have
been correct in tile course wt hale pursued, and
the statements we have made.
While recording the result of this glorious vic-
tory, the people are sending forth their deafening
shouts of joy.

We have received the following from Mont-
gomery county, which shows that the majority
here se? down ii erroneous.-Ed. (;hbe.
From th" Maryland Free Press-Extra.
WELL DONE OLD MONFGOMERY!


ARISTOC1RACYt,


ANTI.REFORM, AND ANTI REPUBL-
CANISM, DEFUNCT!


Before.


..anti-refor").


Rockville, 154 148 146 155
Medley's, 118 131 112 114
Clarksburg, 108 102 164 159
Berry's, 164 123 47 64
Cracklin, 118 65 200 148

662 569 669 640
The above presents the result of the election
on yesterday in our county for Electors of Senate,
by which it will be perceived that Dr. Washing-
ton Duvall (Reform) and Mr. Ephraim Gaither
(opposition) are chosen Electors tfor this county.
We had hoped that we should have been ena-
bled to present a more favorable result for our
county; and had our friends been more active, we
would have secured a complete triumph. But
we cannot, we will not complain of them. We
had to contend against a powerful and vindictive
aristocracy, who have heretofore boasted that
their mandate would control the county. We
had arrayed against us the office-holders for
LIFE, who feel themselves independent and
above the people. We had the whole patronage of
the State Government opposed to u., who dtread
nothing so much as r.borm. Besides all these,
we had to contend against the influence and
weight of some of the officers of the General
Government at Washington, who are fattening
under the favors of the administration they are
secrttly opposing.
With such a combination against us, it is not
surprising that we did not succeed in full. But
our friends are not disheartened. They are de-
termined to renew the contest with renewed ac-
tivity in Octobr next. They never will cease
their exertions until tie proud office-holders for
LlFEshall fiel their dependance upon the PEO-
PLE; and until there is a thorough REFORM
effected in the county and State, We hail the
result of yesterday's election as a sure presage of
our ultimate victory and complete triumph.

OFFICIAL-FROM THE ARMY.
MixCANorr, Aug. 21, 1836.
SIR: I have the honor to report to you that I
arrived here yesterday, and learning that there
were Indians lurking about Fort Drane, ten miles
from this post, I determined to make an expedi-
tion, against them. For this purpose I marched, at
two o'clock this morning, with 110 men and a
piece of ordnance, fifty men, commanded by Capt.
Childs of the 3d artillery, and Lieut. Spalding of
the 2d dragoons, fifty men by Lieut. J. R. Irwin
and Lieut. Herbert of the 1st artillery. I arrived
at Fort Drane about sunrise, attacked the Indians,
who proved to be numerous, say 300, Miccasucky
Indians commanded by Powell. Lieuts. Irwin and
Herbert on the right, Capt. Childs and Lieutenant
Spalding on the left% the artillery in the centre,
commanded by Lieut. Pickell, all attacked them
with great vigor and spirit, drove them three-
fourths of a mile into an extensive hammock, and
in a hurried passage over the field counted ten
dead.
This engagement was well contested by the In-
dians, who fought with determined bravery for
more than an hour. The recesses to which they
retired could not be penetrated by our exhausted
and inferior force. I therefore minarched the de-
tachment back to Micanopy, leaving no killed or
wounded en the field. Our loss was one killed
and sixteen wounded, v~z: Lieutenant Betts,
(my Adjutant) slightly wounded in the thigh;
Sergeants Dustn, (C) 4th Artillery; Ayres,
(A) 3d Artery, wounded; Corporals Mc-
Knight, (C) 4th Artillery; North, (I) 3d Ar-
tillery; Dennis, (A) 3d Artillery, wounded; Ar-
tificers Skiffington, (C) 4th Artillery; Sin-
clair, (E) 1st Artiilery, wounded; Musician, Alex-
ander Heer, (G) 1st Artillery, wounded; Privates,
Shisler, (E) 1st Artillery; Treat, (A) 3d Artil-
lery; Coppir.ger, (C) 4th Artillery; Story, (A)
3d Artillery; Ribbold, (A) 3d Artillery; Bennet,
(D) 1st Artilliy, wounded, none thought dain-
gerous; Wagon nastler, Jackson, severely; killed,
Sykes, private, (G) 1st Artillery.
The officers of my command were Capt. Chills,
3d Artillery; Lieut. Pickell, 4th Artillery; Lieut.
J. R. Irwin, 1st Artillery; Lieut. Spalding, 2d
Dragoons; Lieut. herbert, 1st Artillery; Lieut.
W. H. Betts, (Adjutant,) 1st Artillery; Surgeons
Tripler and Bevy.
The officers and men all justified my most san-
guine expectations.
I deem it due to Capt. Childs to state, that he
+ contemplated the same movement previous to my
arrival, and was awaiting the return of the train to
accomtplish his purpose.
Jackson, a wagon master, well acquainted with
the localities of Fort Drane, volunteered his set'-
vices, and as a guide oi the march, or a soldier in
the engagement, was brave and useful. He re-
ceived two severe wounds, lost a valuable horse,
and deserves a liberal reward.
Very respectfully,
Your ob't servant,
B. K. PIERCE, Major Corn'g.

CHOLERA.
OFFICE BOARD or HEALTH, ?
One o'clock P. M., September 1. ^
The Special Committee of the Board have to


report for the last twenty-four hours, three cases
of cholera-two under treatment, the other dead.
Of the eleven cases reported yesterday, four
more deaths have occurred. The cases reported
to-day are all blacks; of the eleven cases reported
yesterday, two were whites and nine blacks.
By order: THOSE. Y. SIMONS, M. D.,
Chairman Special Committee.
A. G. HOWARD, M. D., Clerk.
[Charleston (S. C.) Patriot.

EXTRACTS FROM MR. PINCKNEY'S AD-
DRESS.
But as I was opposed to distribution under its
own appropriate name, and while it was kept
separate and distinct, so I was equally opposed to
it when it was united to deposit, and assumed that
name. The change of its name did not alter its na.
ture. Mr. Calhoun said, "no Secretary of the
Treasury will ever dare to demand a dollar of it
from the States;" and again he said, "that the


bhlhed Ifor -Ent pirh) -'r, ,: ,td ?,1 ,itr.ly I
separate api.e;'e.-. ThO one relates to the common
and external concelnsi ofaai the Statesin their con.
federate capacity--the other to the internal and
domestic concerns of the individual States, sepas
r-tely from, and independently of, each other.
For the purpose of maintaining their harmony,
and ensuring their efficiency, in their respective
spheres,they are invested with a concurrent power
of taxation, and possess,, each for itself, its own
separate an I exclusive treasury. Every State
government is authorized to tax the people of the
6tate, of which it is the government, to promote
the welfare of its constituents, and to execute the
purposes of its own institution. In like manner
the federal goverimelnt is vested with siutherity to
tax the whole people of the Union for the purpose
of executing the great objectsfor which the confed-
eracy was established. In fact, this was one of the
principal reasons for which the existing Constitu-
tion was formed. During the Revolution, the
States had treasuries of t heir own, and encoun-
tered no difficulty in the collection of their teve.
nue. But it is a matter of history that the' old
Continental Congress was entirely dependant on
the States for the pecuniary means of carrying on
the warand sustaining the confederation, and that
difficulties occurred of so serious a character, from
the delay or refusal of States to pay their contribu-
tions, as not only to embarrass the military opera-
tions of the country,but even to threaten the disso-
lution of the confederacy itself. It was to remedy
these evils, and to' prevent the recurrence of
similar collisions between the States and the Fede-
ral Government, that Congress, under the exist-
ing constitution, wasauthorized to collect revenue
for itself, and to maintain a treasury of its own,
for the execution of the powers with which it is
invested. Those powers are, to pay the expenses
of the Government, to maintainn an army and a
navy, to regulate commerce with foreign nation-s
and with the Indian tribes; to make treaties; to
repress insurrections, and certain others, which
will be found in -the catalogue of enumerated
grants. It is by the execution of these powers,
and of these alone, that Congress is authorized
" to provide for the common defence and general
welfare," and, therefore, when money is applied
to the general welfare, it can only be by appro-
priattons to carry out the objects designated in
the constitution, and to which alone Ccongress is
permitted to apply it. Any other constructiuon
would enable the Federal Government to lay
taxes to an indefinite amount, to be aptfiied to
any purpose whatever, whether constitudtional or
not, and would thas Lterally render it a Govern.
meant without limitation of authority.
It is obvious, therefore, that Congress can
only collect money constitutionally, for the execu-
tion of the federal objects for which the Union
was formed, and that the amount collected should
be regulated by them. It cannot go beyond
those objects, and impose taxes to carry on the
State Governments, in addition to the Federal,
without a most dangerous departure irom the
purposes for which alone it was authorized to es-
tablish a treasury, nor without effectingr, in f. ct, a
complete revolution in the whole structure of our
Government.
The question then, is, whether such -. revolu-
tion will be tolerated by the people? The power
of taxation is a great principle of sovereignty
which the States expressly retained to themselves
when they formed the Union. '1 hey never
intended that the Federal Government should be
allowed to tax the people for State purposes of
any kind. Will they now surrender this essen-
tial portion of their sovereignty? Will they now
degrade themselves by having their revenues col-
lected, and their governments carried on by Fede-
ral authority?I Will South Carolina particularly,
sell her principles for a pitiful portion of' the
general plunder of the Nationl Treasury?
Again, if the Federal Government has the
power now contended for at all, it must possess
it to the most unlimited extent. If it can tOx the
people for the. purpose of collecting money for
the States, then the States, if they please, may
abolish all the internal taxes, and carry on their
governments entirely by the employment of the
federal revenue for that object-the mere tax
gatherer of the State, to collect their revenue.
But as it is to be collected fi'om the whole people
of the Union, this system of taxation and disburse-
inent must nccessariiy be unequal, opera'iig bene-
ficiahiy to certain sections, which will p:;y the
least and receive the most, and very oppressively
to others, which will pay most heavily, and re-
ceive comparativwy nothing' in return. Waas the
Fe -eIral Government intended tor such a system
which, instead of collecting money for na'ionl
objects and applying it excuhtiivly to them, co.-
lects money for the Stales, and not only that, but
instead of collecting it from, and dividing it among
them, equally amid impartially, actually proceeds
upon the principle of legislative pillage of some
of them, for the benefit of others, and thus con-
verts the Federal Treasury into an instrument of
rewards and punishments, as'regards the cs-equal
Sovereigns of this cofederated Union?
1 trust thin, that I have proved this bill to be
unconstitutional; but it may not be itii;):-opcr not-
withstanding, to fortify the positions I have endea-
vored to maintain, by adducing in support of
them, the opinions and authority of some of the


most eminent statesmen of the State Rigt1-s
School.
The project of distributing the revenue
amongst the States, is by no means new. It is at
least as old as the time of Mr. Jefferson. During
his administration, a surplus occurred of 14 or 15
mnilioas in the Treasury. He brought the subject
to the special notice of Congress, in his message
of December 2, 1806, in which lie inquired what
should be done with it? and after various sugges-
tions as to the propriety of applying it to pur-
po(-es of internal improvement, education, &s., he
then said, "I suppose an amendment to thile consti-
tution, by consent of the States, 'icfss.r'y; be-
cause the objects recommended are not aiong
those enumerated in the constitution, or to which
it permits the public moneyto be applied." And
in his message of Nov. 8, 1808, advertinig to the
same topic, he said, "Shall it lie unproductive in
the public vaults? Shall the revenue be reduced?"
&c. and concluded by recommending, that if Con-
gress thought a system of internal improvements
proper, heirr time should he employed in obtain-
ing the necessary powers." It is evident, then,
that Mr. Jefferson held, that the surplus revenue
could not be applied to State purposes without an
amendment of the constitution. And if an amend-
ment of the instrument is necessary to enable Con-
gress to make roads and canals in the States, is it
not equally necessary to enable Congress to give
the public money to the States, for the purpose of
making them?
Again: the reader doubtless remembers the
celebrated bill (usually called the bonus bill) up-
on which Mr. Madison put his veto, 1817. It was
reported by Mr. Calhoun, who advocated it on
the ground of expediency, and without discussing
the constitutional question. The bill proposed to
set apart, and pledge, as a permanent fund for in-
ternal improvements, the bonus of the national
bank, and the proportion of the dividends belong-
ing to the Government. It also provided that the
said fund should be applied to the construction of


h i the 'I! 'cqipw V6iat W ie t ^ thlFitii in the mi Nnikno
,iTfTI'UAB AND COAlTION I parinPtership of the Bothuschilds, though not the
In our last number we commented upon the oldest of them.
proposition of some of the Whig presses to form a Lvv upooL COTTON H ARKui, for the week end.
union ticket of' Harrison and White, to be run ing July 29.-the demAand has been on a eohtract.
jointly, and unpledged to the support of White, ed scale during the past week, averaging per day
but free to choose in the support of either. We 12500 bags. Middling and low quality of American
look upon this proposition, as a coalition of oppo. have receded jd Ib. from last weeks prices. No
site principles for the purpose of d*lfeating the re. alteration in price hai taken place in other descrip.
publican candidate for the Presidency. The re- tions. The effect of the inundations in the cotton
publican supporters of Judge White profess to districts of the United States is looked for with
urge his claims on the ground-th-t he advocates considerable interest, and on this will depend the
the principles of the present administration. We turn which prices will take. At present there is
shall not here stop to consider what liis been the little speculation on the probable turn. The sales
character of Judge White's course in relation to the are 15,590 bags; 1000 American and 200 Pernams
principles of the present administration for the last on speculation; 100 American, 550 Surats, and 50
eighteen months; but simply to inquire, whether Bengal for export. Sales this week 15,590 bags
Gen. Harrison has ever sustained the political prin. -3,120 Upland at 8idalltd; 3,140 Orleans at
ciples, advocated by Gen. Jackson? In the first 8dal3d; 3,790 Alabama at 8allid; 270 Sea Is.
place, Gen. Harrison sustained the corrupt admi- land at 53.da39d; 180 stained do at Bda2ld.
niStration of John Quincy Adams. 'He wasone of July 30.-] here is no alteration in the prices of
the electors who voted for Mr. Clay for the Pre- .ot on to day, and the week has closed without
sidency. He supported the high tariff policy any great extent of business. The sales to day
throughout. While in Congress, he voted for in. are about 2UUO bags, chiefly American.
ternat improvements by the General Government. [IVERPooL. July 30-The arrivals this week of
He is a bank man, and an advocate for the rechar- 2000 pots and pearls have tended to lower prices,
ter of the United States Bank. In short, hie is an and 200 bbls ot the former have been sold at 34s
American System man, and thoroughly imbued to 35s, and 100 bbis of the latter at 43s per cwt.
with all Mr. Clay's wild schemes of national policy. Bark-Quercitron, 24 casks are advertised to be
Now we appeal to the republican supporters of sold this day. Of oak 50 tons have been disposed
Judge White at the South, whether they can, con- of at 61 10s to 61 2s 6d per ton.
sistently with their political principles, unite in the From the London "Rew Price Current" of Jaly 29.
support of a union ticket, the ostensible object Coffee-In foreign few transactions have taken
of which is to elevate Win. H. Harrison to the place, but reduced prices have not been submitted
Presidency? That portion of the Jackson party to; the private transactions are 800 bags Brazil,
which sustain the claims of Judge White to the ord to fine ord colory,at 51s to 53s: some small par-
Presidency, profess to do so, tot because the eels of St. Domingo at 53s lor mixed colory; at auc-
Judge is an anti-Jackson man; but because he sus- tion 280 bags unclean fine colory Rio, rather dingy,
tains the principles which General Jackson for coid at 54s to 56a 61, sea damaged 51s, country
the last eight years has so ardently labored to per- damaged s9s to 49s 6d; 295 bags Havana, fine to
petuate. If such isi the fact, how can the Jackson ord colory, at 72s to173s. Cargo of St. D. arr at
portion of the White party give their votes to Falmouth, has been sold at Liverpool to be de-
Harrison, who has always been warring against livercd at Copenhagen at 53s, the buyer lo pay
all the political doctrines which they profess? the sound dues. 288,968 bags Java, 14,214 bags
Iftiiey support Judge White on principle, they Sumatra, are advertised for sale in Holland by the
cannot continue to support him, when they corn- Dutch Trading Company, for the 1st, 5th and 8'h
promrit their principles by so doing. And above September. 'T'h'e grocers were again eager byers
all, they cannot consistently nor hororably coi- of British plantation coffee this afternoon; East
sent to make himn a tool in the hands of such a India cuffee is also in brisk request by hotline
man as Win. H. ilarriaon, xVho is opposed to trade, and w nt off with spirit.
every political principle advocated by the South. '[ca-At the public s.les this week, 16,500
Thrv who recomiende]i]ttre-trn-tim ki-are no: the packages have been brought toward; w ,, t.iese
ical fr-ieds olf Hugh L. White 1.From noin "al-otrt -,500 -were. sold. Canton oAieaa_,weirc
does this proposition come in Misissippi? First partly disposed of at 10.dal Id, commo.i Congous-
from the Vicksburg liegisbtr, a paper which has Is l-1dasl 24, blckish leaf from Is 8da2 5- for
always bectn opposed to the present administra- the bes;,with P koe flavor; these have supported
tion, and indiscriminaTay to every measure which former prices, and soll with much spirit; the
tile Jackson party has ever supported. The pro- lowz r kinds are rather cheaper. Hysons are, ex-
posiiiun for a union ticket is strongly s-comnded cepting the fines', which sold at 5s 6da6s 6d,
by the State Rights Banyer, a press devoted to the lower by 2da3d per lb. fair qualities went at 2s
cause of Nullification, and the advocacy ofprinci- 9,!a2s 10d. Young Hysoti sold at Is 9da 1s
pies which tend to a dissolution of the Union, and 110d. Some breaks of fine Twankey taken in
the destruction of the Government. at 2d advance. In other kinds there is no mate-
These papers set themselves up as the oracles of rial alteration. At present no public sales are
the White party in Mississippi. Should not the advertised to t-ke place until the 29th August;
republican portion ot the White party look with fior that day 40,G90 packages are announced, and
distrust upon any proposition count g fi'om such a 22,000 early in Septemnber.
source? Bave not both these presses been the I0digc.--The public sales of 680 serons Guate-
rivilers of Judge White's principles, and of the ma'a Indigo yesterday went off with much spirit
Judge himself, till within a very tfew months? This at at, ad'vace of 6d a. 9d on the rates of the last
proposition, therefore, does not come from the sale, and all was disposed of" very low, and mnid
real friends of'Judge Whl.e, but from his enemies. copper wcnt at 4s 9.1 a 5s 41, good 5s 6d a 5s lOd.
The Whig party oniy wiii to use White asa taol, Sobrcs mid and good 6s 3d a 6- 7d, fine 6.1 9d
and will abandon him the motnent they can do so a 6s lid. This afternoon several parcels of East
with safety. Hencethis propoi-tiotto run a union India Indigo, taken in at the April sales, have been
ticket unpledged, so that the votes can all finally sold at an advance on the buying in prices of 7d
be given to Harrison, who, it is supposed, will be a 8d per lb.
the strongest opposition candidate in the field. Oil.-Sperm is dearer, and the demand good.
Wiy is this proposition made to Mississippia.ns? 'Linseed .il i quiet. Rape, owing to tlhe late
No one supposes that Harrison has any sincere, rtiny weather, has advanced some shiillings, and is
supporters in this State. It is aspeci-esof manage- in good request. Olive has again declined in
meant and chicancry to make the White eklctors, ifI value. Thils afternoon 150 tons southern in ship's
chosen, vote for a man, who c6ihld not find fiver casks, at public sale, went 20s higher, good to fine
hundred suppor'tes in ti'e State. It is a proposi- selling at 3-'/5sa321. WVool-the harge public
tion to defraud the people of their suffrages, in the sales of Colonial Wool, amounting in all to about
enuing Presidential election. 6,000 bales, as well as some parcels of German,
In Virginia, the union ticket of White and liar- Spaish, &c., which commenced in the early part
rison has been adopted, w;th thie avowed intention otf last week, continue to go off' wiihI much spirit;
or the part of the t'iends of Harrison, of dropping they have attracted considerable interest, and tlhe
vWhite int the balloting by the electors thus elect- attendance of buyers from the manufacturwiing dis-
cd. Can it be that Judge White is accessory to tricts has beenI unusualy large. The bidding
this corrupt and incestuous union wi'h the Whigs have been very animated throughout for the Wools
and Nullifiers? If hte i, it is time for tie honest imported.
of all parmii's to set their fa-c.s against a poFitician S.m_
s ho Las become the pliant tooi of his potitic:.l op- From tic .Lcw York Journal ef Commerce.
ponents. Let the people but once understand the INSU RECT ON N
length and breadth of thi, proposition, and the in et t correspondents,
prospects of Huugh L. White are i 'rev,:" blasted in t e Mer idebted tor aostip oore.poinden ts ,-
* ,.i "" i *.' i- i^the Messrs Tonhiflrasp ot'nn aab
Mississippi. The Whigs and Nullifiers may analffa- i ; for a slip c i a ab-
]mte :i. the sup ht of WiJi bu tract of'inte'.ligence from Gibraltar papers to the
tma-te teu blcapport o frie. the rsou, cut t'r 1st ult., brought by ship Empire, fi-omn Trieste.
true republican or friend tof the Southi can lor a *
moment listen to such a .ropositho. A serious insurrection has taken place at Malaga,
.o t lsten t s c p op., ,,, .... t ,., p 0 ;,, .I,* -.o ,, no.


The Indiana Democrat of the 21st inst. continva-
a list of the members of tihe Indiana Legislature,
classed according- to their political predilections.
According to this Statement, the Senate stands 23
Van Buren, 21 Harrison, and 2 doubtful. In the
Iouse, Van Iluren 50, Harrison 44, White 1, Anti-
masonic 1, doubtful 3. The Democrat says: "If
Van Buren obtains one-half of the duub'fuil votes,
hlie wiil have on joint ballot a majority of 8. The
republicans have a larger number in the Legi-a'-
ture this year, than in any year previous. If' the
W'iigs are satisfied with the result of the (lcctijr,
tile keipublicans are equtilly so."
This statement may be, deemed official, as it
comes from the State paper of Indiana. It is not
only satisfactory, but cheering to the democracy
of the country. The fact that without organiza-
tion or concerted effort, the democratic strength
is greater than ever in the Legislature, is confirma-
tion strong that Indiana will give an overwhelming
vote in favor of Van Buren and Johnson.-Louis-
vill Public .Ydverliser.

From the Journal of Commerce, Sept 5.
LATER FROM FRANCE.
By the ship Charles Carroll, Capt. Lee, we have
French papers to July 25th. The Commercial
intelig'ence is of some interest. Quite an increas-
ed activity prevailed in cotton.
The Ministers, after consulting with the King,
had decided that no review should take place on
the 29th July. The cause %as understood to b,
the apprehension of further attempts to assassinate
the King. The Journal of Paris, a paper in favor
with the Ministers, says:-
The nation knows well that it is not a few
scoundrels that will prevail against its irrevocable
will. At Paris and at Lyons thflty endeavored to
reduce us to anarchy with arms in their hands, and
were conquered, and it is on that account they
have converted themselves into assassins. A
party which has recourse to such means is forever
lost. It consists of a few men, arrived at the last
stage of desperation. Continual watching, time
and the public horror will c-nvince them of their
weakness. In the meantime prudence is a duty:
it is particularly so for those men who hold the
reigns of Government, and who bear in the eyes
of France and the world, an immense responsi-
bility."
M. Armad Carrel, a man of a good deal of im-
portance, Editor of Le National, died at Paris on
the 24th, of a wound received in a duel, provoked
by some political article in his paper.
SALES AT HAVRE, July 23d-1619 bales
Y- r -.- -... (" lICOC .-I "0 *., -


M~le I ri- LIL tlArS 01 WHll:j jl rt01U 4WSo
An insurrection took place at Malaga on the
night of 'tihe 2 5h of July, *wTio h resulted hiu the
massacre of the Civil and Miiitary Governors of
that city, and the complete triumph of the parti-
sans of M. Mendizabal.
It seems that the partisans of the Royal Statute,
and of the fti.mrner Prime Minister, M. Mendiza-
bal, had respectively made out lists of candidates
of AleprLsenta' ives to the Cortes, which was to
be convCned iii Aug'ust. Ahlthough del'eted in
the capit.zl, the former v.'ere successful in other
towns in the Electoral District. On thi.i news
reaching Malaga, the adherents of Mendizabal
made preparations for a revolutionary movement.
They succeeded in corrupting the military, 800
men, rec.nitly brought to M-alaga to Cause the
authority of the Governors to be respected, who
were both known to be firm supporters of the
Royal Statute, and in consequence had been re-
peatedly insulted by the populace.
On the evening of the 25th, the National
Guards took umbrage at some change, which it
was reported the Military Governor intend,-d to
introduce-reinforced the detachment on duty at
the main guard, and as the crowdsz-egan to collect
in the streets, ordered thegenerale to be beat. The
military Governor, a veteran covered with scars,
whose valor had been often tested in th. field, im-
mediately proceeded to the main guard, ac-
companied only by an aid-de-camp-arnd ex-
claimed, il Gentlemen, what is this? What
is the meaning of such strange proceedings?"
Upon which one of the National Guard, who stood
near himn, presented a pistol, which, however,
flashed in the pan. Pistols do not frighten me,"
exclaimed the veteran, and entering the guard
room, he called loudly for assistance. Some of
the guards immediately levelled their muskets at
him. "National Guards," cried the Governor,
is this the way you reward the victor y I obtained
at Puente de la Reynar?" He was answered by a
aiseharge of muskets, and his body was afterwards
run through in twenty places by the bayonets of
the National Guard.
In the mean time the civil governor, the distin.
guished Count Donadio, hearing the general beat
he repaired to the Convent where the troops were
quartered, and put himself at their head; but it
soon found that they were not to be depended
upon in a contest with the National Guard. And
upon the approach of a body of National Lancers
shouting loudly "'The Constitution for ever!'
Death to Tyrants!" Death to the Pasteleros!'
(seeming friends but real foes to liberty.) "DowI
with the Royal Statute!" &c.-he retired within
the walls of the Convent, and ordered the gates
to bA eclIosae A la ,ria hrnlv of th'e inn rvn


AS fir, however, a9 48 4 iMb'ihd to f6o4a i
opinion, our impression is that the Amterioa
Commodore knows fiull well .the duty be owes to
his country and to himself, and that Upon an
investigation of his actions it would be found
he has not deviated from either, but pursued the
course pointed oitt by his Government. Abiding-
by this rule, it is 110t Surprising he should, in
observing a strict neutrality, have a watchful
eye over the commercial intercourse between the
United States and Mexico, and that he should
sternly uphold the interests of trade.
Upon inquiry, we "have been informed that, at
the request of the master of the Venus, Corn..
Dallas consented to convoy that vessel as far at
the jurisdiction of the United States extended,,
but would not be responsible beyond those limits.
In so doing, so far from transcending the line of
duty, he performed the part demanded by his
station, and insw.ad of censure, is entitled to the
thanks of this country, whose greatness and
prosperity essentially depends upon free and un-
obstructed maritime trade. Our citizens, and all
merchants, should rejoice at the spectacle pre-
seated by our government, in upholding the
laws and facilitating the business operations of
nations.
Independent of the amicable relations existing
between the United States and Mexico, it is the.
characteristic trait of an American tar to afford.
protection to the distressed, and assist even stran-
gers out of a dilemma. The valuable and lucrative
trade enjoyed by us with our near neighbor, makes
it our interest rather to encourage than frown
down feelings of this sort when displayed in her
behalf.-New Orleans Courier.

Extract from f raxall's Posthumtu8 Memoirs of
his own tame.
SHERIDAN.
After Sheridan's entrance on the field of po-
litics and Parliament, he abandoned the comic
muse, a circumstance greatly to be regretted.
Perhaps if Shakspeare or Milton had been so
unfortunate as to attain a teat in the Legislature,
we might never have witnessed Hamlet" and
" Othello;" nor should we have boasted of an epic
poem that justly ranks with the "illiad" and the
"JWneid." Lord Byron, beyond all comparison
the first poet of the present age, has purchased his
" Parn.assian laurels" by the sacrifice or derelictionr
If his leglative and parliamentary duties. Sheri-
dan combined in lhinseif the talents of Terence and.
^' he! o ^P^^ emnosthe.nas and of Menau-
(er. Ini tle capital of GreCat biai,,, -- a
the sime day, lie has spoken for several hours in
Westminster Halt, during the course of Hasting's
t'ial, to a most brilliant and highly informed audi-
ence of both sexes, in a manner so impressive, no
less than eloquent, as to extort admiration even
Irom his greatest enemies. Then repairing to the
House of Commons, he has exhibited specimens of
oratory before that assembly equalling those which
lie had displayed in the morning, when addressing
the Peers, as one of Hasting's accusers; while on
the same evening "The Duenna" has been per-
formed at one theatre, and "The School for
Scandal" at the other, to crowded audiences, who
received them with unbounded applause. This is
a species of double triumph, of tne tongue and of
the pen, to which antiquity, Athenian or Roman,
can lay no claim, an I which has no parallel in our
own history. Lord Bo!ingbroke may, perhaps,
form the nearest approach, as he was both an ora-
tor and a writer. So was Burke. Fox himself,
after a life passed in the House of Commons,.
aspired to instruct and to delight by his composk-
tions But not one of the three can sustainra com-
parison with Sheridan, who may be considered in
a comprehensive view, as the most highly endowed
man whom we have beheld in our time.

So far as we are acquainted with the members
elected, and with the political complexion of the
several counties, we feel very confident the ma-
jority in the Legislature for Van Buren, will not
be less than ten, and it may be greater.
In the late election for members of the Legisla-
ture, the Democratic party in several counties
have managed very badly--indeed, they have not
managed at all. In some instances they have had
no candidates in the field; in others, they were not
organized, and permitted White men to be elected
in counties where Van Ilhren is decidedly the
choice of the majority.-Florence (.lla.) Gazette.

HAIL TO FIRM REPUBLICAN ILLINOIS.

The administration majority in Illinois exceeds
ten thousand. The vote on joint ballot in the Le-
gislature will be about two to one in favor of Van
luren and Johnson. As far as heard from, the
following may be relied on as correct:
Van Btre-Senate :21, Hvuse S7-toetal 78 -
Opposition-Senate 17, House 24-total 41
Democratic majority, 37
The counties not heard from were expected to
increase tile Van Buren and Johnson majority.
[Louisville .Public .[dvertiser.
Perhaps a majority of our whigr readers do not
kunow that, in his speech at Versa lles, Mr. "Clay,
by inuende, expressed his opposition to Gen. Har-


rison for the Presidency. In the report of his
speech published in the Lexington latelligencer,
tie says' tlit he has "again and again warned his
countrymen of the danger of electing to the
Chief Magistracy, a man possessing no other than
mere military qualification." Is it kind in Mr.
Clay to attempt in this way to deprive the candi- .
date of the whigs of the only plank which sup-
ports him, weak and borrowed thought it be?-
Georgetown, (A y.,) Sentinel.

Mon. IMPOSITION.-Mr. Cowen says, in the
Chronicle of the 20th, that Noith Carolina "is
believed to have given an overwhelming majority
for the FRiENDs OF HARRISON."
Yes, "'Tor the friends of HARRISON," gentle,
Reader! when the fact is, Harrison is nut running
in North Carolina at all,-it belongs to White'4s
Part of the Conspiracy to bring up this State, if it
can be sect.red. Mr. Cowen must either have
been wofully ignorant on the subject, or else bai
, purposely imposed it upon the public to carry
out the deception that Hati.'ison is the only oppo-
sition candidate to Van Buren.-St. Clairsville Ga-
zette.


1
S


I
S


INFORMATION WANTED.
A NY information which could possibly be oh.
Il trained respecting a Mr.JOSEPH HOBLEY,
formerly a resident of St. Landry, Louisiana, and
who left that place for Charlottebville, Vs. fur
the purpose oft' purchasing negroes, early in the
spring of 1834, would be gratefully received by a
disconsolate wife and children.
Mr. Hlobley-is an Englishman by birth ; appa.
r itly 30 years of age; and-about five feet eleven
inches high ; +dark hair and eyes; and generally
considered handsome.
The last account received from Mr..H. by his
distressed family, was from Charlottesville, near
the first of August, 1834, which place he left on
that day, on his return home, via Cincinnati,Ohio.
Any information, addressed to either Joseph E.
Johnson of New-Iberia, or Mr. Martin Thomas of