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The globe
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F.P. Blair ( City of Washington D.C )
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EDITED BY FRANCIS P. BLAIR.

FRANCIS P. BLAIR & JOHN C. RIVE-,
PROPRIETORS AND PUBLISIIERIS.
TERMS.
Daily paper by the year *10 0(
1 for lee) than a year. $I per month.
SBam-weekly paper, oy the year . 5 . '5
forest than a year, 50 cents per month.
Congressional Globe during the season of Congress, 81 00
Appendix to do do do do $1 00
Subscriptions to the Daily tor less than two, or to the remi-
weekly for less than four months, will not be received.
Subscribers may discontinue their papers at any time by
paying for the time they have received them; bu et inot without.
Those who subscribe for a year, and do not at the time 01
subscribing order a discontinuance at the end of it, will be con-
uidered subscribers until they order the paper to be stopped
and pay arrearages.
PBIeqR ]FOR ADVBKTIS1Ne.
Twell'- liies, -.- e ih,re i,, r',.,Ls. $ I do
Evcy j..i I ,,, iitni l.i n. 0 25
L ... [r ".",.:, ll l, l ..'l.. l _.. ,,,. rr| *II .',.
A iii..6j1-1 .......... .I.i.* ie by the year.
l P ,y -',. t1 d I ..r..d Bl 1t M .- jr .'r,. I -se w h t h av e n ot
an opportunity) .1 ,.-..i.: *...*-'.- ,v ... s. mail,at our
risk, postage [-.. I P. -: i ,. ch re
pittance shall be a sufficient receipt I r.:i r t- notes of
any specie-.paying bank will be received.
0o attention will b6 iven to any order r n .. r
er a Postmaster's certificate that it has os r. r o' ,.C'
eenpasnies it
1 -Letters too he l,,,s,rns, rsurged with Postag-
si2isot hie taken out of '.P .*



WASHING',roN BRANCH RAILROAD.
TRANSPORTATION DEPOT,
December 13, 1837.
IT is respectfully made known that merchandise
or other commodities received at th's Depot,
for delivery in this city, or to be forwarded to Bal-
timore, or to points on the line of the road, will
hereafter be subject to the following regulations, of
which those interested will please take notice:
1st. The freight and charges on all goods con-
signed to individuals in this city or its vicinity must
be paid before their removal from the Depot.
2d. Commodities offered for transportation must
be distinctly marked, and be accompanied by a
list, in duplicate, of the number and description oi
packages to be forwa.dcd, the name of the con-
signee, and of the party forwarding the same,
otherwise they cannot be received.
The Company will not be responsible for damage
arising from leakage or breakage, nor will they be
responsible for damage alleged to have been re-
ceived by any goods or commodities transported by
them unless the claim shall be made before the
removal of the goods from the Depot. Further,
if goods which shall have been transported on this
road be not received or taken away by their con-
signee or owners on the day of their arrival at the
Depot, the Company will not be responsible for
or pay any claims for loss or damage which may
be sustained by such goods, in other words, if
goods, as above described, be permitted to remain
In or on the cars on the railway, or at the Depot,
one or more nights after their arrival, they will re-
main so at the exclusive risk of the owners or con-
signees.
The hour for receiving and delivering goods will,
until further notice, be from 9 a. m. until 4 p. m.
By order: SAM'L STETTINIUS,
Oct 13-tf Agent.


:50w=fA c *i)l^*LSi^-'*ig- I-^*'m
ONOTICE-W ASlH IN G T' 0N BRANCH
N RAILROAD.-With a view to the accom-
modation of passengers from the South, the hour of
departure of the evening train for Baltimore has
been changed to 51 o'clock, of which travellers will
please take notice.
By order: SAM'L STETTINIUS,
April 15-tf Agent.



TRANSPORTATION OFFIce, W. B. R. R.
April 15, 1841. j
N OTICE.- EXTRA ACCOMMODATION-
OWASHINGTON BRANCH RAILROAD.
The proprietors of the Philadelphia Steamboat Line
having advertised that they will commence their
regular rnute between Baliimore and Philadelphia,
(via Fr-; Alitown and Newcastle,) on Monday next,
the 19thi instant-Notice is hereby given, that, on
and after that day, a passenger car will be de-
spatched daily (except Sunday) for Baltimore, with
the tonnage train, which will leave this city at 11i
o'clock, a. m. instead of 3 p. m. the present hour
of departure.
By this conveyance, passengers can connect with
the above line for Philadelphia, or with the West-
ern mail train for Frederick at the Relay House-
arriving at Philadelphia by 11, and Frederick by 8
o'clock, ihe same day.
By order: SAM'L STETTINIUS,
April 15-tf Agent.



NOTICE.-REDUCTION OF FARE TO
SWINCHES FER. VA.-An arrangement
has been entered into between the Winchester and
Potomac and Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Com-
panies, for the conveyance of Passengers at a re-
duced rate of fare, in both directions, between
Washington and Winchester.
Passengers by the train which leaves this city at
6 a. m. reach the Relay House in time for break-
fast, where they take the cars for the West, arrive
atlHarper's Ferry by 3 p. m. and reach Winches-
ter before sunset.
Fare from Washington to Winchester, $4 50.
By order: S. STETTINIUS, Agent.
N. B. Invalid, will find this route the most
pleasant and expeditious to the Virginia Sulphur
Springs. June 15-if

Tn TREASURY OF NKOWLEDGE.-Price re-
T duced to $3 75 by F. TAYLOR, in two
volumes, of over one thousand pages each; contain-
ing a complete Classical Dictionary; Law Diction-
ary; Universal Gazetteer; Dictionary of Q.uolations
from the Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, &c. &c.
of phrases and sentences in common use wilh their
translations; an English Grammar; English Dic-
tionary; a complete Chronology and History; Max-
ims and Proverbs from all languages, with transla-
tions; a Cyclopaedia of Science; B..erap.hiisl
Dictionary; and iiuch other useful and valuable
matter, too extensive for the limits of an adver-
tisement. Handsomely printed and bound in full
leather. Price for the set $,3 75, (published at six
dollars.)

LIFE AND WORKS OF TELFORD-Writ-
ten by himself, containing a descriptive nar-
rative of his professional labors, reports, &c. &c.
with a large folio atlas of copper plates-ju't pub-
lished-a single copy imported from London, by
F. TAYLOR.
ALSO,
Crewze on Ship Building and Naval Architecturr,
1 quarto vol. with engravings
Robinson's Mechanical PFi.l..:,.phv. 4 vols.
British Nautical Almanac for 1843 and 1844
Marshall on Soldiers
Simmons (Capt. Royal Navy) on the effect of
heavy ordnance
Armstrong on Steam-Engine Boilers
Mushett's papers on Iron and Steel, I vol. Lon-
don, 1841
McQtueen's Geographical Survey of Africa and
the Slave Trade, London, 1840
Illustrations and descriptive accounts of the Public
Buildings of London, by Pagin and Britton, 2


volumes
Farraday's Experimental Researches ia Electricity
Nicholson on Projection and Isometrical Drawing,
London,1840;
And many other of the late English works on
science, history, polical economy, &c.
March 13

IMPORTANT TO THE DEAF.-Doctor Price,
J of Richmond, Kentucky, cures by his mode of
operating on the ear, about four cases out of five
of deafness. He has restored to hearing a number
of individuals after its loss, to a great extent, from
ten to twenty years, and in one instance for near
forty years, and this individual now hears well.
The length of time deafness has existed is not con-
lusive evidences that hearing cannot be re-
stored.
From the fact that a great majority of the large
number deprived of the inestimable faculty of
hearing, can be restored by his mode of operating
and treatment, in some instances by a single opera-
tion, and at farthest in a few weeks or months,
he invites all those who are deaf to come and be
restored. Cases from a distance will not be re-
quired to remain longer than a few days.

STEVENS'S TRAVELS TO THE RUiN''.
AND AMERICAN ANTIQUITIES IN CEN-
TRAL AMERICA, COPAN, PALENaUE, &c.
is received, for sale this day by F. TAYLOR, 2
yols. with many engravings. June 29


(i


BY BLAIR & RIVES.

CITY OF WASHINGTON.


YOUNG LADIES' SEMINARY.-MR. W.
H. PERRY PADDOCK and LADY pro-
pose, with sufficient encouragement, to open im-
mediately, in this city, an EnGLISHt AND CLASSICAL
SEMINARY. It is designed tor the benefit of young
ladies who have passed to an advanced standing, a'
well as those who can spell and read; and for the
convenience of the former, when parents desire it,
they will be permitted to pursue their studies at
home, and meet their instructors and class only at
recitation hours, which will be arranged to suit
them.
All others will be expected to be present, when
in heal-h, at the school rooms, on 14th street, bi-
tween New York avenue and G street, from eight
o'clock, a. m. until three, p. m. in summer, and
from nine unti0 the same hour in winter, regularly.
There will be a short intermission at noon.
THE COURSE OF STUDY
Will embrace the branches usually taught in select
schools and colleges. A Preceptress will give in-
struction in the Modern Languages, Drawing,
Painting, Metic, and other ornamental branches,
if sufficient encouragement be given.
I. ENGLISx DEPARTMENT (comm.)-G...eralhv.
Grammar, Town's Analysis, Arithmetic, Hale's
History of the United States, Reading, Writing,
Composition, Elocution, and Book-keeping.
II. MORAL SCIENCE, &c.-Moral Philosophy,
Logic, Natural Theology, Evidences of Christiani-
ty, and Willard's Universal History.
III. BELLES LETTRES.-Intellectual Philosophy,
Political Economy, Young's Science of Govern.
ment, Elements of Criticism, and Rhetoric.
IV. DEPARTMENT or NATURAL SciENCE.-Mrs.
Phelps's Natural Philosophy, Geography of the
Heavens, Comstock's Chemistry, Geology, Pnysic-
logy, and Smelley's Natural History.
V. DEPARTMENT or MATH iMATICS.-Algebra,
Legeidre's Geometry; Plane and Spherical Trigo-
nometry; Application of Algebra to Geometry and
Conic Sections.
VI. DEPARTMENT o' ANCIENT LANGUAUES ANO
LITERATURE.-Latin: Grammar; Reader; Tutor;
Sallust; Virgil; Cicero, &c. Greek: Lessons; Gram-
mar; Reader; Testament, Xenophon's Anabasis;
Cyropedia, and Memorabilia, &c. ,ncientLitera-
ture: Eschenburg's Manual of Classical Litera-
ture.
TERMS -The academic year will be divided into
four terms of eleven weeks each; tuition payable
at the close of each term. Fcr Orthography, Read-
ing, Writing, and Amithmetic, $8per term, in all
other cases, $10, except Modern Languages and
Music, for which there will be the usual extra
charge. There will also be an extra cbaige of $1
per term for stationery, printing, fuel, and room
rent, which, in all qases, must be cash, in ad-
vance.
EXAMINATIONS.-At the close of each term daily
and weekly reviews.
MERItT ROLL.--A regular account of merit and
demerit of each student will be kept in a book
open for inspection of parents, and the discipline
will be altogether parental. Tickets of approbation
for diligence and application will be regularly is-
sued.
CLAIMS TO PATRONAOE.-Mr. Paddock has been
a learner through life, and a teacher for some
years. He has taught to satisfaction in the Sparta
Female Seminary, Georgia, and in Miss Makenu-
zie's Seminary at Richmond, Virginia. The
claims of a family call for it, and with good en-
couragement, he intends to make his school a per-
manent one. His recommendations are of the most
respectable character, both as ti his standing and
qualifications as an instructor.
From the papers aLt loiteri in hi' po:e's ot, he
feels authorized to refer to several of the heads of
Departments in this city, to the Hon. Messrs. Sil
las Wright, T. C. Chittenden, S. M. Gates, Au-
au.,iu- Yong. William Slade, J. Lawrence, E.A.
N,.t-', E.Jdar.J Sisihjy, and A. Lawrence Foster,
members of Cn-pr--.sc:t Matthew St. Clair Clarke,
Goy. Seward o0 N-' York, Hon. Jas. E. Hea h,
First Auditor of Virginia, Rev. Dr. Capers of
Charleston, South Carolina, Dr. Peck of New
York, Piofessor Wi!ihrr of Buckingham Female
C....... Institute, Va. Professor Allen it tick-
inson College, Pa. President Nolt, and the Profts-
fors of Union College, N. Y. of which institution
Mr. Paddock is a regular graduate, and the Rev.
Messrs. Thornton and Davis of this city. Mr. Pad-
dock has a letter of recommendation from the late
Dr. Fisk, of Middletown University, and subjoias
the following commendatory note of the Rev. Dr.
Potter, Acting President of Union 'i::-
"Ttis certifies that Mr. W. H. Perry Paddock, a
gradufnte sf this college, is a gentleman of unble-
mished moral and Christian character and of pro-
mising talents. He held a high standing as a
scholar, and is cordially recommended as a gen-
tleman worthy of public confidence, and who is
likely to prove an useful instructor of youth.
ALONZO POTTER."
N. B. A few boarders, if desired, can be accom-
modated. June 18-tf
Ss The School will commence on Monday,
the 28th instant.
1.r1AiLit'l bf. HALL _H-IL
f rl HE Trustees of Charlotte Hail School take
pleasure in announcing to the public that
they have in, a. 1 the services of Dr. 1'. 3. Pinne.'
in the English and Mathematical De?..titent of
the institution. Dr. Pinneo is a gradit Is of Yale
College, has been many years successful,!:t; ,uip',.*
ed as a public teacher, and most of the I'ru-i,-
have a personal knowledge of his pectt i.ir faculty
and skill in imparting information to tii ,iudcnt.
Charlotte Hall School is now mo.e-.. '.e or-
ganized. Dr. Kraister, Dr. Pinner,, :td Mr.
Charles T. Shaw, constitute the Fi.cui;ty. Dr.
Kraister, the principal, is a gentleman of great
learning and erudition, for which the Truslees
refer to the ample testimonials presented to the
public *tm.aUh the medium ot ihe I,,- l oner, rasl
other papers during the months (.i ui, .t.; Au-
gust, 1840, and i% also a thorough disciplinarian.
Mr. Shaw, the assistant classical teacher, has been
connected with the school for several years; is a
scholar, and possesses industry and energy in
caching.
- The classical and mathematical courses are
very fell, and pupil may bh amply prepared for
the Junior class of any C.'.i,,e in Ibis country.
The French language is also taught without addi-
tional charge.
The expenses, consitnting the talent employed
and the comprehensive course of instruction, are
very moderate. Thb price of tuition, with no ex-
tra charges, is seven dollars (7) per quarter for the
classical, mathematical and French classes, and
four dollars and fifty cents, (4 50) for the lower
English. Board may be had in commons under
Ihe charge of a steward of very moral and
exemplary character at twenty-five dollars (25) per
quarter, including bedding and washing, or of the
principal or assistant classical teacher at the same.
There are also private families in the village who
receive boarders.
Charlotte Hall school is located in the small vil-
lage of Charlotte Hall, in St. Marys county, Md.
situated upon an elevated plain, nearly equidistant
between the rivers Patuxent and Potomac, and is
remarkable for its perfect exemption from autum-
nal diseaseit general salubrity, and abundant flow
of the purest water from its numerous fountains.
It is distant from Washington City, over a good
road, thirty-five (35) miles, and the mail stages
from Washington to Leonardlown pass within
eight miles twice a week. The Norfolk and Poto-
mac boats touch within twelve or fifteen miles,
and the Patuxent from Baltimore within ten.
Under such auspices the Trustees with entire


confidence recommend this ancient seminary to
the attention of the public.
By order of the board,
RICHARD THOMAS, President.
P. S. There will be an examination on the 28th
and 29th July, at which parents, guardians, and
others, are solicited to attend. June 28-eo2md

F OR SALE-A LOT, ,l.itl.. situated in the
S First ward of this city. Apply to
C. H. JAMES,
May 24 Coiner 14th and E streets.

WALKER'S RHYMING DICTIONARY
a new edition, very mych enlarged and
improved, wilh much additional matter connected
with the subject of poetry and rhyme; a few copies
just imported from London for sale by
Feb 17 F. TAYLOR.


"THE WORLD IS GOVERNED TOO MUCH."


WEDNESDAY, 8 O'CLC


M OUNT ST. MARY'S COLLEGE -The
exercises of study at this lasiitution will be
resumed on the 16th of Ausuust. Mt. St. Mary's
College is situated in a romnan'ic and beautiful
part of Frederick c unty, Maryland, embosomed
in woods and retired from the distractions and m)
ral dangers of a city. The site is pecul..lly heal
thy, arid is supplied with the purest wa;cr by a
spring cushing from the rock. It is distant filty
miles fomr Baltimore, eighteen from i'i.'derick,
Maryland, twelve from Gettysburg, Pennsylvania,
and two from Emmitsburg, Maryland. Tt' build-
ings are sufficient for the accommodation oif one
hundred and forty boarders. The various Htalis
and rooms are spacious, any and comfortable.
This Institution was raised to the rank and in-
vested with the [ow( s and privileges of a College,
by the General Assembly oif Maryland, in the
month of February, 1830.
The system of education embraces the various
Arts and Sciences usually tauRhtin ('.-il. .,, cin.-
ducted on the most comprehensive plan. A comui-
petent knowledge of the Greek and Latin Lan-
euaeesanit Literature, of Mathematic-, Natural
Pht.r I and Chemistry, Logie, Moral and In-
tellectual Ph '...,Fhs. Geography, Rhetoric, and
History, is, by the statutes of the Colleve, indis.
pensable for graduation; but the course cf studies
includes English Grammar, Arithmetic, Book-keep-
ing, Practical Surveying, the German, la!ian,
French, and Spanish Lan.suases. Nor is there
any extra charge except f r M- 1,.w and Drawing.
Besides a well selected library, for the use ot the
students, there is alsc a i- .l,.- room, in which
the best lterary and .*'.'r.-rr periodicals maybe
consulted, during the time of recess from study.
There is a complete and excellent Philosophical
Apparatu', a Chemical Laboratory and a Minera-
iogical collection.
The Professors and Tutors, nearly thirty in num-
ber, e hlinu- with very few exceptions, in the In-
.mtilution, devote themselves entirety to the duties of
their profession. Constituting but one family with
the students, they exercise, riot only constant su-
pervision-friendly in the highest degree to dlis-
cipline and decorum-but also a moral influence of
the most salutary kind. The S:udents are never
permitted to go beyond the College limits, except
in company with one of them. On the other hand,
ample opportunity is afforded by the retired and
rural situation of the College, for its pupils to en
joy under the care of their teachers, every variety
of innocent and healthful exercise nid recreaicn.
Hence the formation of a robust constitution is
in general a result of some years' residence in this
Institution. The dict is wholesome and abundant.
The si '.: are well attended and nursed. "Sisters
of Charity," from St. Joseph's, near Einm. i t,,.,-
have charge of the Infirmary atid of all ih... .'.-
partmein, on which the health and comfort ot
the Students chiefly depend
While the government of the C' .- i..--- is mild and
paternal, the laws of good order, propriety, and
morality are strictly enforced. The moral influ-
ence of instruction, persuasion, and encourage-
ment is primarily and mainly relied on, and is sel-
dom found ineffectual.
The penalty of dismi's.al or expulsion is incur-
red by habitual neglect of study, wanton and re-
pealed violation of the established rules, propane
swearing, irrehligious language or writings, the in-
troduction of iufidel or immoral books, and other
similar offences against morality or the laws of
the Colege.
Students who come from other t ie: mut
produce certificates of di-mision in good stand-
ing.
When a Student enters the College, he is admit-
ted to hose classes which he is found capable, on
examination, of attending with advantage. The
most eligible time for entering is from the eighth to
the sixteenth -f A .sj ..
Frequent i n.,r,ai ut,- o the different classes
take place during ihe acade-. .cal year; and reports
of the Students' progre$,s us tIe sps-.sr.l ib-.,-a1..f .
tttndy are lead publicly every Wednesday, in the
presence of all their Professors and Tutors. Once
a year a report is sent to the parents or guardians,
nta'ig ever' thing that may interest them concern-
i.g litheir children or wards.
Tne Commencement is hieIl on the lat Wednis
day of Jine, previous to which the candidates for
literary honors are examined pub.icly; premiums
are then distributed to the meritorious, and degrees
conferred.
Tho.-e whi receive the denre of "Bachelor of
Arts," are required to write and deliver dtscourses
approved of by the Faculty. To be admitted to
this degree, it is necessary that the candidate
should have gone through at least the last year of
the course in this institution, and have acquitted
himself creditably, so as to give clear evidence of
his worthiness, both at the private and public ex-
aminations.
Those who have received from the Faculty of
this Cot'-ge the degree of Bachelor of Art;, and
have, during at least two years thereafter, been en-
gaged in scientific and literary pursuits, wil' also
receive 'he degree of Master o0 Arts, on application
made to the President and Faculty, accompanied
by satisfactory evidence of their moral deportment
and continued devotion to liberal studies.
The annua.'l vacation begins oa the last Wednes-
day of June, and continues until thie sixteen of
August. Tiere being no Chrisimas or Easier re-
cess, Students should not be withdrawn from their
classes at either of those periods.

EXPENSES.
Board and tuition per annum, 'i"-.-li.i.,' the en-
tire classic and scientific course, .g,. ih r with the
modern languages; also doctor's salary, washing
and meddling, use of bed and bedding, payable
half yearly in advance, $182.
Music and drawing are extra charges, each
forty duillar.si per unnum for those who wish to
learn them.
Medicines are furni-hed at the apothecary's
prices, and generally add but little to the ex-
penses.
Parents or guardians, if they prefer it, can pay
the sum of t r.i n% rin t,ill be received in full tfr
all bianches ,l 'i ,,'.ii. i taught in the College,
(except music and diawiug,) for .,.,i i, clothing
and other necessary expenses. Postage and pocket-
money are excepted.
Every student must be supplied on entetine-
with four summer suits, if he enter in the spring;
and three winter suits il he enter is the fall. He
must u-Iso have at least six shirts, six pairs of
stockings, six pocket handkerchiefs, six towels,
and three pairs of shoes or boots. The itu-
denis will be provided with clothing by the
institution, if such should be the wish of their
parents. It is, however, preferred that they
should be furnished from home, when this is
practicable.
No uniform is required or worn; but simplicity
and economy are recommended to parents and ob-
served at the College.
Bills of expenditure are sent at the close of eve-
ry half year to the parents, and at the same time is
issued a draft at five days' sight. Parents or Guar-
dians, not residing in the Uniied States, must ap-
point a representative in these States, respotsib'e
bor the regular payment of the expenses and bound
'o receive a student should it become necessary to
dismiss him.
Should a student leave the College before the
expiration of a quarter, no deduction can be
made eor the remainder ot that quatr except in
cases of sitkness or dismissal; nor is any made
for the vacation, during which parents have the
option of leaving their children at thie C *1.1...-, r
taking them home. When parents wish 'i.-,r ,'u'-
dren to spend the vacation at home, they must
give previous notice and forward their Iravstethn
expenses.


Letters of inquiry should be addressed to the
"President of Mt. St. Mary College, Emmiisburg,
Marylaund."
MT. ST. MARY'S COLLEGE, July 29th, 1841.
August 2-d3t

CORNER OF FOURTENTH AND CANAL
S l'REETS-SHAW & DAY hay ng opened
a yard for the sale of WOOD and COAL at the
above u ,rner, will, in addition thereto, receive on
conmmri:,in goods of all denominations, (LIQUORS
excepicd,) and dispose of the same to the beat ad-
vantage tor those who may favor them with thetr
confidence.
Aug 3


I- OLUMBIAN COLLEGE, DISTRICT OF
S COLUMBIA.-The lectures in the Medi-
cal Department of this institution will commence
on the first Monday in November, ari ia'i., aind
conitnue until the 1st of March.
During this period, lull courses will be delivered
on the various branches of mediciic by
T'1l.IAS SEWALL, M. D. Professor of Pathology,
and the practice of medicine.
HARVEY LINDSLY, M. D. Professor of Obstetrics,
and the diseases of women and children.
THOMas MILLER, Ni. i1. Professor of Antornmy
and lnysiolopy.
JoHN M. THOMsAS, M. D. Professor of Materia
Media and Therapeutics.
J. FREDERaICK MaY, MA D. Professor mu a-- (
ry; late Professor of Surgery in the University (.a.
Maryland.
FREDERICK HALL, M. D. Professor of Chemis.
try and Pharmacy.t
SaMUEL. C. MOOT,A M. D. Demonstrator of
Anatomy.
The Medical College is situated at the corner a
of 10th and E streets, equi-distant from the Capi-
tol and the President's house.
In the arrangements of this l.uil.Ji,, and the i
organization of theschool, particular reference has h
been had to the study of Practical Anatomy, a
branch which the student will snjoy peculiar fa- O
ciliies for cultivating.
The Professor of Pathology and practice will il- s
lustrate the most important Pathological conditions o
of the system by means of Thibert's Pathological I
Models. .
Tie Professor of Surgery will show all the c
operations upon the recent subject.
The Professor of Chemistry has a complete s
Chemical and Philosophical apparatus.t
The Professor of Obstetrics will illustrate A
his lectures by obstetrical apparatus, and an
ample collection of preparations and drawings. T
As there are many young men of talent and worth d
in differ nt parts of our country, who, frcm restricted
circumstances, are unable to avail themselves ot 1
the benefit of public lectures, the Professors have
resolie- to admit, gratuitously, two such students c
from each of the States, and one from each of ihe
Territories. In order, however, to guard against
individuals whore education and character do not d
quality them to become useful members of the pro- s
session, the selection is placed in the hands of the
Senators and Delegates of Congress, each of
whom has the right to .elect ore sticdent from his f
respective State or Territory, and whose certificate
u{ selection will be a passport to all the lectures, l
by paying only, on entering the school, the usual t
matriculating fee of fire dollars. (
The entire expense, for a course of lectures by
all the Piofessore., is $70. Dissectinig ticket $10;i
optional with the student.
All persons who have attended two full courses
of lectures in this school, are entitled to attend t
- t . .1 ; ,. t,.,.rses free of expense. c
'I h. j.-ir.'" are conferred by the authority of
the Columbian College, incorporated by an act
of Congress of the United States. t
Good board can be procured at from three to I
four dollars per week. t
THOMAS MILLER, M. D, .
Dean of the Faculty. r
August 5-lawtlstNov
Louisville Journal, Richmond Enquirer and I
Charleston .Mlercury, will insert this once a week.
till 1st of Nov. 1841, and forward their bill t0 n
the Dean of the Faculty for settlement. o
I W. BOTELER, jr. has removed ho the i
ii store lately occupied by S. G. Kneller and t
Co. on 7th street, nearly opposite the Patriotic t
Bank, where he has on hand, and intends con I
stanitly keeping, a general assortment of house- I
f'r'.r h;ng arlii.l:. uch as
S.*., .,id-t.... ,,i dressing and plain Bureaua
Bedsteads, Chairs, Centre, Pier, Dining, and i
C.ard lf'ahlps ..- I
Wardrobes, Washstands, mahogany, cane-back
and seat, and Boston Rockers
Settees, Mattresses, Feather Beds
China, Glass, and Crockery
Looking-glasses of every description t
Plated Ware, Knives, and Forks
Britannia Coffee aad Tea Pots, kitchen utensils t
With a variety of fancy articles, all of which
will be sold at prices as low as can be purchased I
in the District. Persons furnishing wilt find it to i
their adlvantage to call and examine my prices be.
tore I",r h ,i. ;r' -'Isewhere.
Th- uli. ri".. r ratefully acknowledges the Ii-
beral share of patronage he has received, and t
would again express his assurance that if moJe- I
rate prices and accommodating terms wiI insure a
continuance of public patronage, the'e exertlins
on his panr shall not be wanting. i
Second-hand Furniture taken in excb arge for
new. July 14 -w3w
ST. GEORGE HOTEL, formerly Globe Ho-
tel, No. QI, Broadway.-Selmcted by the new
proprietor of this eleg-snt establishment for his ma-
nagement and directloh, the subscriber with much
pleasure announces it to his friends and the public, i
with every assurance that he is determined to make i
it the centre of convenience in New York for those
who may honor it with their residence.
The situation of this house, in the midst of busi-
ne-s, and the spaciousness of its apartments, which
is not equalled by any hotel in the cty, together
with the contemplated alterations ia Its interior,
and the care with which the establishment has
been cleansed and prepared for the reception of
gue't-, flatter us that every inducement held out
wll be fulfilled.
Anxious that visitors should be entirely satisfied,
a con-iderable reduction has been made in the
prices of rooms, &c. S. T. BLANCHARD,
Ju- e 1-tf late of the Waverley House.

CATARACT HOUSE, Niagara Falis, New
V ork-P. WHITNEY & SONS-Re.l
commends itself by the superior style in which
it i kentpi, by it3 b?"-, its vicinity to the Falls,
and by a view of tf.e Rapids. There is also
to be found, Piotr Kiwalewski, a safe and
.'. :1,. ,', guide to thie Falls, who knows perfectly
weli all the plac's worthy of notice, of the natu- '
ratisi, or lhe curious, and who first discovered a
neiv passage, with a most astonishing and beauti-
ful light, beyond the "termination rock," behind
the gieat horse-shoe Falls, described ,i i, 'I--. c.,=
Herald of New York. June I:;-11, ,,, ,
L LETTERS OF MRS. JOHN ADAMS, edi-
ted by her grandson, Chas. Francis Adams l
two volumes. An additional supply this day re- i
ceived for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Also Minature Romances, from the German; one
volume. July 27. i

B UELL'S CULTIVATOR.-The seventh
year (now complete) is for sale by F. TAY
LOR; just received; one volume, containing two
hundred and two pages of the largest quarto size,
with very numerous win. usings. price only $1 25.
Also the previous volumes, in paper or leather
bindings. May 10
S7_LAT CAP PAPER.-Jnst received by the
schooner Victory and Dodge, 250 reams
F'.a; Cap Paper, c..Ifp['I it'i 'very quality, suita-
ble for any piurpi.... r 'heich paper of that size-
may be required. Also, royal and cap size enve-
lope Paper o1 the best quality, constantly for sale
at Stationers' Hall. July 8-3w2aw

ra1 ISSUE PAPER.-W. 'FISCHER has just
3. received a supply of White, Pink, Yellow,
Blue, aid Green Tissue Paper, some of it hand-
...,.-lv perforated, for the protection of glass, gilt
frames, and plated wate. Also, a good assortment


of Colored Paper g-.-. rally is kept constantly fior
sale at Stationers' Hall. June 26

W ANTED TO RENT OR PURCHASE, A
good two story Brick House, situated min
a genteel part of the city, and on or near Pennsyl-
vania avenue. A note addressed to L. through
the Post Office, will receive attention.
June 26.
G ALLUP ON THE INSTITUTES OF ME.
DICINE.-Out/ines of the Insiitnses of Me
dicme, founded en the Pn.; ....h) (,f ithe Human
Er f. -iu> in health and in disease-by Jo.. A. Gal
lup, ML. ID.; just published, and received for sale
by F. TAYLOR.


CONGRESSIONAL.
THE LOAN BILL.

SPEECH OF MR. ATHERTON,
OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
In the House of Representatives, July 12th, 1841-
In Committee of the Whole on the state of the
Union, on the bill authorizing a loan of twelve
millions of dollars.
Mr. ATHERTON said:
Mr. Chairman: I certainly concur with the gen-
leman from Georgia [Mr. DAWSON] who has just
addressed the committee, that it is best on all occa-
vi -. to deal openly and candidly wi'h the people,
ana to rtneapt to practise on them no conceal-
nents nor disguises. I believe the people desire
his treatment, and will, at once, be suspicious of
hose wi 9 pursue a contrary course. And to no-
hing are these remarks more strongly applicable,
as it seems to me, than to the various attempts which
have been made here and elsewhere, to charge upon
he late Administration the fact of creating a large
public debt. The people are intelligent as well as
honest, and whe a this accusation is brought for-
ward, they will inquire whether its authors are
tcosistent and uniform in the calculations on
which they base the el-arge. If they find one per-
son ating the debt at one amount, and another at
one quite ',d. ten, they will very reasonably sus-
iect there is some delusion in all the statements,
and tht t none can be safely relied upon. Sir, the
cours.e of the friends of the Administration has
been most extraordinary on this subject. They
seem to have determined upon the conclusion that
he country has been plunged in debt by the late
Administration, but differ altogether in the methods
by which they arrive at this satisfactory result.
The report of the Secretary of the Treasury-that
document which ought to give to the House and
hie country a full and clear and ii. i' li.,r,ir ac-
count of the finances, seems to have led his friends
o variant and contradictory conclusions. From
one part of the report, the inference has been at-
empted, in the public prints, anRd even here,
hu.t this cherished debt is thirty-one millions of
dollars. From reference to another portion of the
same document, the sum has been settled at six-
een millions, while another explorer returns from
hts voyage of financial discovery with the cheering
fact that the debt is only something like twelve
millions. This latter sum is that which it is now
generally conceded the Secretary indicates in his
report as the amount of "debt and deficit,"
(mark, sir, not of debt;) and is that recognised by
he chairman of the Committee of Ways and
Means, who is the authoritative exponent of the
subject on this floor.
One remarkable fact cannot escape our observa-
ion. The Secretary of the Treasury, although he
devotes a portion of his report to "the public debt,"
'oes not condescend to give us information as to
ts amount. Is not this almost incredible? He,
he officer who has the means of giving this infor
nation, and whose duty it is to disclose to us the
true condition of the Treasury, though he enlarges
mauch upon a public debt, does, in no part of his
report, definitely state what that debt is. Can there
be any excuse for this, except that the debt, exact-
y stated, would seem so trifling and incon-idera-
b)c, compared with that created *y the splendid
maginations of his friends, as to be quite unworthy
)f particular notice? I do not assert, for I do noti
know, that the design was to leave the mater still
doubt and mystery, and thu still give play to
hose fertile imaginations, but I say such has b Fn
he effect of this unprecedented course. Nor can
I for a moment believe that, if the amount of the
public debt were as great as any, the least of those
sums so frequently repeated by gentlemen of the
Administration party, the Secretary could have
been so deficient in duty as not to inform Congress
particularly of so important a fact.
T,, mvtie wno w eml nic .at the session tr last
winter, thc i endeavors to inculcate the idea of a
herge debt are nit new. They were then cornm-
meniced, and have ever since been sedulously con-
tiuued. Perhaps it wiuld be going too far to say
of gentlemen, inat their wish was "father to their
thought;" but it certainly is demonstrable from
heir own data, that no ground then existed, or
now exists, for their contradictory and monstrous
results. They stand condemned by each other.
They stand condemned and exposed by the report
of their oan Secretary, which, so tar as it proves
many thing, overthrows and scatters to the winds all
their calculations-calculat.ons which, though
brought forward with all the parade of maihema-
tical accuracy, are figurative in more senses than
ome. Nine who were here can forget the exhibit
made last winter by the gentleman from New
Yoik, [Mr. BARNARD] which gave currency to the
assertion that this debt was forty millions of dol-
ars. I learn that the gentleman from New York
has di-claiied having intended to beso understood.
1'rtat 1 may do him no injustice I have procured a
copy of his speech, as reported by himself, and
will read extracts from the portion to which I re-
er. The introduction to his statement is as fol-
ows:
'"But the President-thinks himself justified in i,... ..
the whole, that this Government has'relieved i 1n .....-
rein debt.' I am not able to flatter myself so imuchf in regard
o this item in our financial condition, as the ominous state-
ments which I hold in my hand, and wilt now present, may
serve to show."
Then follows the tfi-mont, headed: "Statement
of the public debt, regarded as ascertained and certain,
exi iing on the It of January, 1841, though the
anoutis n-ay not be exact."
The items are then given, including $9,000,000
'or the fourth instalment under the depuosite act of
1836, and $5,000,000 for claims on account of
Fiench spoliations, prior to 1800. The statement
conclude-.--
"So that the whole amount of indebtedness and liabilities on
account ol past transactions, was, on the first of January, 1841,
probably not less than $36,015,000."
There was also another estimate presented by
the gentleman from New York on that occasion,
which was the second of his "ominous" state-
ments. It was headed "Estimate of the probe-
ble amount of public debt and liabilities, growing
out of past transactions, for which the Admini-
stration oh the next four years may have to provide,
being over ansh above all current expenditures;"
snd this latter estimate, including $5,000,000 as a
'sum necessary to provide a suitable average ba-
lance in the Treasury," is summed up at
$40,380,000.
The statements were characterized by the gentle-
man from New York as "ominous statements,"
tending to show the "fallacy" of the position of the
President that the country had relieved itself from
debt, and the first headed "statement of the-public
debt regarded as ascertained and certain."
It is proper to admit that there 1s one footing be-
fore nearly the close cf ihe first statement of
liamount of actual debt" $16,515,000.
Estimates, to be credible, must not only reach the
same results, but the items which make up those
results must agree. Taking even lhat conclusion
of the gentleman from New York, is he supported
b- the Secretary? 'No, sir. True, in one portion
of the Secretary's report there is an estimated
amount of debt and deficit of $16,088,215. But
how is this sum made up? By including four mil-
lions to be raised to be kept in thin Treasury, and
about three millions for new appropriations of this
extra session, and other items varying from those
pressed into service in the conjectures of the h. nd-.-i
man from New York. The Secretary acire. ',ott'
the gentleman from New York neither in his result
nor his items. There has been another estimate
published with quite an authoritative air, making this
eameleo-.like debt eighteen millions. The nile-
man from Georgia has worked out the problem at
fourteen millions-and thas, as I have said, gentle-


men agree in nothing except an attempt te incul.-
cate the belief that the late Administration has be-
queathed to the present an enormous load of public
debt. Sir, these varying statements cannot all be
true, and the people can never rely on any of them.
The subject is a matter of figures, and statements
in relation to it must be characterized by exactness
and uniformity, in order to gain or deserve confi-
dence with an intelligent community. Seeing these
fatal discrepancies, how can we rely on any of these,
estimates? Tory are, all of them, as I shall here-
after endeavor to show, baseless as "the fabric of
a vision."
It is well known that previous to the "late Presi-
dential election, the whole country rung with


report of the Secretary of theTreasury, must srike rights.
all as unnecessarily large. It is scarcely possible I have said, Mr. Chairman, that this bill is a
that the amount can be prudently and properly ex- proposition to borrow money for the purpose of
pended. I have said, sir, that underan economical giving it to the States. It it also thus in effect a
administration of the Government, it is demonstra- proposition to borrow money for the purpose of
ble that the means of the year were sufficient, and assuming the debts of the States. The arguments
that there was no necessity for this called session to offered in favor of the distribution bill by its friends,
supply any deficiency in the Treasury. Has not show the correctness of this position. The most
this been, in effect, admitted here? Why, sir, the prominent of those arguments, and that which has
gentleman from Kentucky, [Mr. UrNDESRWOOD] on been iterated and reiterated, is drawn from the in-
occasion of offering a resolution at bhe beginning debtedness of the State Government. The gentk-
of the session on the subject of a Bank, said he man from Massachusetts [Mr. SALTONSTALL] in
wished to test the sense of the House; and if he his remarks on the measure now under consid,'a-
should ascertain that we could not pass a Bank, he lion has alluded to that distribution as a :r.. iI and
was ready immediately to adjourn and go home. "most beneficial measure to relieve the embarrass-
It is not, then, to meet any exigencies of the Trea- ment of the States." How are the States to be re-
sury that this session has been called, however lived from embarrasments, unlsss by the discharge
convenient an excuse such alleged necessity might of their debts? And what is the difference whether
furnish, the General Government enables the States to do
But, sir, what is the rate of expenditure as pro- this, or does it directly for the States? In connec-
posed for the present year in the report of the Se- lion with this, the remarkable letters from European
cretary, in order to make out his deficit? bankers on this subject, which have lately been
The expenditures previous to the 4,h of March, communicated to the Senate, cannot escape our at-
are set down at .4 '27 't,, 44 mention.
Required of old appropriations to The message of 'he President to the Senate, cf
complete the year 21;10000 00 June 29, 1841, encloses the following letter from
---- the Secretary of State:
We thus have the sum, aside from DrDs,.ri.' ,..- *r,,R.m,
NA ;xall.t1.: 1 n., i.t. .. ':1. 1-4 1.
the new appropriations asked at 'T-erh- T F,,Vr, ..i,, to whom hasbeen referred the reso-
this extra session, of ,28.837,166 44 tut..... ,i.. ..-', .i .i.i t1ih insta ti. .F .i... i the Presi-
Add these, amounting to 2. 2358,404 42 dent of the United StiatestO 'inform i,.- ... ,y altaplca-
N ,'- I" ., r,,. ,-.,, ,,a.ie ...ffi,:,ii 1 o him. or the State orTieasury
r-- i ,r, r.I ni ) rrt- ',, ,-iJ.:,r, c.f State stocks, or others on their
And we have the startling amount account, respecting thepayment or assumption of them; and
ot 3 1,195,570 86L to furnish copiesof any correspondence which taken place in
The Secetry s$3e1,195,57t for relaion to the subject,' has the honor to report to the President,
The Secretary's estimate of expenditures for the that various letters relating to the subject of ste stocks havy


Ar


three months of June, July, and A uii i stilt
more excessive, being 1l,1 SI,J. 37
4
Which gives as the rate for the
year, the very moderate sum of $44,606,773 48'
But the chairman of the Cuum, L.. Wav9
and Means remarked that probab' v te estimates
Bg of expenditures by the Secretary are i, ; too high,
VOL. XI.....No. 51. and that it was fortunate we had .he in. oftest-
ing his accuracy in the item of the expect of tlw
- extra session. The Secretary, he ?aid, al *tima,-
)CK, P. M. AUGUST 11 1841. ted them at only $350,000, whereas, iwe hay al-
ready appropriated $394,000. 1 sh'eil beagieablr
disappointed if they do not exceed even Shat sunb"
and run up to half a million. lfhbi is to boa teat
charges made against the Administration, by the of the accuracy of the Secretary, the result cannot
party then seeking office, of extravagance and pro- be considered very gratifying. Nor do 1 conceive
fligate.expendituies. What do we now see? Have that this too low estimated in this report proves the
thise economical and reforming gentlemen brought other estimates to be also too low, for in palliation
forward any system of retrenchment? No. But, of ihis departure from exactness, it may t..- .-
on the contrary, every measure proposed by them ed as natural that, since his friends are Irf-p .r-t.i.le
looks to expenditures on a scale of extravagance for the extra session, the Secretary should wish, so
heretofore unheard of. far as he could consistently with truth, to impress
Is it possible that when last winter these mon- the country with the idea that this- expenses were
strous estimates of the sums the present Adminis- not to be of great amount, while with regard to
tration would be obliged to spend, were thrown those estimates which go to make out the necessity
out, it was for the purpose of paving the way for for the call of Congress together, ant opposite feel-
this premeditated extravagance How soon after ing might be supposed to operate.
the Presidential election was the note changed! It The gentleman from New York made one corn-
deserves ren ombrance that at the last session a plaint against the late Administration as tending
distinguiished member of the House, now in the to show the necessity of large expenditures worthy
other end of the Capitol, [Mr. EvAs of Maine,] of notice-hat various works of internal improve-
dleni( uniced the Administration as niggardly and ment had been neglected and discontinued, and
parsimonious, and as neglecting to provide for the even the implements sold. This complaint comes
great inter ,ts of the country; and ridiculed the certainly not with a very good grace from those
late Secretary of the Treasury for alluding to a who have talked so loudly about economy. The
"vigorous reduction of expenditures" as one means discontinuance of these works was one of the me.a-
of increasing our revenue. The gentleman from sure of retrenchment and economy of the late
Virginia, [Mr. WIsE,] it rely, reminded him of Administration, and was owing to the rejection by
the adage of Franklin, that "a penny saved is a its friends in Congress of appropriations for their
penny gained," aud he might have also added the prosecution; on account of a general belief of heir
authority of a Roman classic, who said, "Magnum unconstitutionally and inexpediency. When we
est vectigalparsimonia.," It is a matter of regret hear such complaints--when we remember the
that those in power seem not to be alive to the mortal aversion which many gentle in on the other
truth of these maxims, side entertain towards any thing like a strict con-
Besides the remarkable manner in which the siruction of the Constitution, and regard the inevi-
Secretary makes out a deficit for the year, and table tendency which an increased and extended
then includes debt and deficit together in one gross exercise of the powers of the General Govenwnter
sum, no where pointing out the amount of the must have to increase its expenditures-can any
debt, his method of reaching his total of "debt thing else be expected but an enormous enlarge-
and deficit" is surprisingly curious. He includes meant of those expenditures, and wasteful appropri-
$4,000,000 for a balance to be kept in the Trea- actions of the public money producinti no corre-
sury. And we are now asked to borrow that sum, spending benefit. For it is a fact taught by experi-
and pay interest upon it, and expense of negotiat- ence, and resulting from the nature of things, that
ing the loan, that this balance may be put into the works of this sort are carried on dhsadvantageou-
coffers of a new fiscal Bank, to bs traded upon, or ly and ruinously by the General Givernmert, and
serve the purposes of speculation to officers of the even in view of economy alone, are much more
Government, or to bankers and brokers, by being safely left to State, corporate, or individual en-
placed in other Bank depositories, terprise. .
Again: He includes appropriations which are Nor can I agree with the gentleman from New
called for by the present Administration at this ex- York in the opinion which he seems to intimate,
tra session, and which the late Administration did that the Government ought not to be oft.i- l to
not require for the service of the year. In other come, from session to session, to Congress,an.d ask
words, to make a deficit, he inclu(nis the sum of for means in the shape of Treasury notes, as if it
$2,521,336, for what this Administration wishes were derogatory to its dignity to be obigild to ask
now to be authorized to expend. It is capable o this o( the Representatives or' the people. It isihe
demonstration that under a prudent and economi- people who are masters of the G..s,,,,,.we,.- *
cal administration of the Go6vernment, the meatns nt the Government of the people he
were am ly sufficient for the service of thb year, that the Government ought to be provided profuse-
and that there was no necessity of this called scs- ly and largely with funds, is directly advere to
sion for supplying those means, the practise of economy. Nothing with individu-
By adding $4,000,000, the sum proposed to be als or with nations tends more to economy than
kepi in thie Treasury, the Secretary coiis his esti- an income limited within reasonable bounds. A
mated deficit $16,l08,215 18 redundant Treasury not only conduces to waste-
Deduct this sum, of which the Se- fulness and extravagance, as experience has too
cretary acknowledges there is no well shown, but it is no proof of prosperity. From
necessity so long as the power to the people the money comes which iner.-as. the
issue Treasury notes exists s 4,000.000 00 funds of the Treasury; and thus the richer ,. Go-
vernment, the poorer must be the people. In time
And we have $1,088,21; 18 of peace, I never wish to see a redundant revenn.',
Deduct Treasury noles next year 6,087,274 04 nor an overflowing Ireasury. The best place f'
the money is the pockets of the people.
And there remains $6,000,941 14 But this bill ought not to be considered as stand-
Deduct, further, the sum asked for ing by itself, isolated and alone, but be also viewed
for new appropriations of this in reference to surrounding circumstances. To ie-
?ession 2,521,326 98 guard any measure aside from every thing with
---- which it is connected in its inception, its effects, is
R mainder01 .3 I ;*', 4 16 not the part of a statesman, but rather that of a
A further deduction should be made monk or hermit in hits cell. Considered in con-
f,,r means omitted by the Secre- nection with the act to distribute the proceeds of
tary- the public lanes, this bill is-to i'r amount of
Moey firinini 5 i qS g those proceeds-a proposition to )irrow money
Treasury notes it- for the purpose of giving It away to lie States, and
eluded in the sum must result in a tax on the people lor the purpose
of $1,110,611 08 of repayment. The money is to be given, not to
asdcmandsonthis the people from whose labor it must come, but to
year, not due or the States, to be distributed to corporations or laid
payable till the out in works of internal improvement, ,! a partial,
next, and which local or circumscribed character, to raise the value
will.not come in ofscrip in the -bands of-atockiobber" and brokers.
till lien at least 1,000,000 00 or be loaned out to bankers and speculators. From.
1,215,151 88 whence the money is to be deriv ao one can
doubt. It is to come from te cou, 'rters, by this
$2,264,453 28 process of taxation by which the poor man who
By a document transmitted to the c,,nsumes as much in his family as hi rt hy
Senaie, the Secretary acknow- neighbor, pays an equal tax, not a tasr. ,rop, -
ledges a mistake min his estimate lion to his comparative poverty, but equal n
of means of 619,136 47 amount. As a necessary result of these m-
sures, there is already a bill before the Commi- 'a
All these deductions leave $1,645,316 81 ot Ways and Means proposing a duty of 20 ?er
A further deduction ought to be made on ac- cent. ad valorem, not on luxuries merely, (for we
count of another error in getting dlowit about have heard a great deal here about taxing silks
$500,000 of Treasuiy notes, which were redeemed and champagne) but on the necessaries of lit, sus
previous 1o March, as a charg- upon ihe remain- as tea, coffee, sugar, molasses, the spices which are
mng ten months, which would leave the deficit little in common use, and various other articles. Yes,
more than a million. Bat as this error has not you borrow the money, and pay interest for it, and
been acknowledged by the Secretary, and I wish to give brokers a commission for negotiating a loan,
proceed on his own daia, it is left out of the part of ii you are to keep as a source of profit for
eleO it. h c bankers by calling it a balance in your Treasury;
Here, then, on the Secretary's own estimatens of another portion you are to give into the States, for
expendit esfor the year, is the real amount of this. the cake of taxing the people of those 'ates, not in
formidable deficit. But, sir, need Ihere be any de- the amount alone which you give the '4!te, but to
ficit? How is even this to be produce? Why, that amount, and a sum in addition ,.fficientto
by -i..:lo., the estimates of expenditures for the pay the expense of collectaig the tax, d. r t ;n
year to an extravagant amount. The apprepria- the money, and satisfying interest and commis-
lions for the year, as is demonstrated by the history sions. Where you give a State one huU.irei diol-
of the past, lurnish ihe best guide for the expendi, lars, you will take from the people of that State
tures of the year The appropriations for this year one hundred and twenty. And all, it would seem,
were only iom eighteen to nineteen millions of for the purpose of carrying to its utmost extent this
dollars. But taking the sum of twenty millions, system of taxation which falls i.n the consumer,
which was the largest amount of expenditures for and imposing a high tariff which shall promote on-'
the year of both new and old appropriations pro- interest at the expense of another. Taxation
posed by Ihe late Administration, Ihe mians for is taxation, no matter by what name you may
the year are ample. They are stated, up to the 4ih cal it. and to impose high taxes on tue people,
of Match, by Mr. Eaving's report, at .i 1i9t -. 10 and then term it "protection," is only adding in-
For the remainder of the year at 9,,t,.il5i2 72 salt to injury. Nor can I argu.'at all with the
Add the amount of the aceknow- remarks made by the gentleman from Pennsylva.
le'iged error of the Secr tady 619,136 47 nian, [Mr. SERGUEANT,] that to argue ag.ains heavy
taxation from its inquality, is to argue against the
Mesus of the year $25 902,614 29 Constitution and Union. If taxation by the General
A sum which no one can doubt would ha' Government, is at best unequal in i's opera-
been fuly sufficient to meet bhe expenditures at the lion, this presents a sirong and ntanswerable
rawe oh twenty millions for the year, and redeem all reason for economy, and for keeping the operations
the Treasury notes falling due within ihe year, and of the Government within the limits prescribed
leave a balance in the Treasury at its expiration, by the Constitution. Has it come to this, that no
The sum proposed to be expended by the Secretary arguments against unequal and oppressive taxation
cannot be expended without reducing the amount of the people are to be urged here Sir, 1 deny
cf ibe outstanding appropriations at the end of the that such arguments evince any want of respect
year greatly below their amount at its commence- for the Constitution or the Union, but directly the
ment. All who understand the operations of the contrary. Tucse are the true disunionists who are
Treasury Department can easily conceive that it constantly striving that the General Government
is possible to create a deficit at any cic,, lulure should assume powers never conferred, and all
day. Il is only necessary, in order to effect this, whose measures tend to consolidation and centrali-
to exhaust lhe Treasury by placing large sums in nation, "which is but another name for tyranny,"
the hands of the disbursing officers and agents of and to overwhelmand destroy the rights of the Siate
ihe Government. Government which Jefferson has called, "those
No one understands the's better than the present surest bulwarks against anti-republican tenden-
Secretary of War, for he at a former lime intro- cies." They are tree disunioniste, because such
duced a resolution in this House, and entered on measures, persevered In against the latter and
investigations for lhe purpose of fixing such a prae- spirit of the compact which binds the States tots-
tice on the late Administration. The estimates fer there, mut inevitably in the end produce reactoa
expenditures for the military establishment in the and resistance, among a people jealous of their









Len received at tbis Departiert, copies of which, and of the
papers comm"ii'v ted wi.) tiem, are hereunto annexed,to
wit: from Meim-. de Rtt,..child and Sons, bankers of the
",i3.t- . L ..... L...,, dated the 2d of April 1841, addressed
i rt I I iI V .f the United States;extract of a letter
from the same to the Secretary of State, dated the 7th of April;
letter from Joshua Bates to the Secretary of State, dated the
25th of May, extract of a letter from de Rothschild and Sons,
dated the 26th of May; letter to the Secretary of State from tt-e
Charge d'Affairea of the United States at the Hague, dated the
14th of May; letter from Henry J. Williams to the Secretary of
State, dated l4th or June.
"These letters not appearing to require an) answers, none
have been given.
"Respeetully submitted.
"DANIEL WEBSTER.
"To the iaSe5DIBNT."
In the letter of N. M. Rothschild and Sons to Pre
sident Harrison, of April 2, 1841, in reference to
the debt of Indiana, are the following passages:
"The unfavorable reports which have been circulated in re-
spect to the inadequate provision for the payment of the interest
have-already had a material effect in depressing the stock ot
Indiana, and the price has fallen ten tofifteen per cent. It
the non-payment should be actually allowed to take place, we
apprehend the consequences would be extremely prejudicial.
and would not only be strongly felt in the case oi the credit of
this individual State, but doubtless also in that of the credit of
all the States of the Union, and, we fear, would greatly injure,
likewise, the commercial credit of the counrjry." "
"The high sense expressed in your inaugi,arl address of the
Importance of the various States of the Uniion maintaining their
credit, by the fulfilment of their engagements, and the enligh-
tened views expressed in regard to the intimate connection of
their proceedings with the honor of the Republic, have pro-
duced much general satisfaction and approbation; and, alt
though aware how much the great concerns you have to direct
must engross your attention, we are emboldened by those fa-
vorable sentiments to bring to your notice the circumstance of
the deficiency in the means of the State of Indiana for the pay-
ment of her next dividend. A wordfrom you, ot the least in-
terposition in her favor, could not fail to afford relief in the
present exigency; and, it appears to us that, in order to be
effective, soE MMEAsUoE should be adopted with as little delay
as possible."
Extract of a letter from N. M. Rothschild and Sons to the
Secretary of State, dated London, April 7,1811, on the same
subject.
"If the non-payment of the said dividends were permitted to
take place, the consequence would be extremely prejudicial to
the financial and commercial credit of America, as it would
be an unprecedented instance of one of the States of the Union
failing in the fulfilment of her engagements to her creditors;
and we consider it of so much importance that an occurrence
ofthisnature should be avoided, that we are induced to recom-
mend it to the attention of the Federal Government."
"We beg leave, therefore, to represent to you, that any inter-
postiton in her behalf would require to be prompt, in order to
te effectual."
Letter from Joshua Bates to the Secretary of State, dated New
York, May 25, 1841.
"Sei: By request of the parties inteiestid, I beg to enclose
the copy of a memorial that I have received, signed by the pro-
prietors of Mississippi stock In London, addre-ed to the Go-
vernor of that State. I am requested to desire you will be so
kind as to lay the same before the President, and to do all in
your power to induce that State to comply with its engage-.
ments.
"To the Hon. DANIEL WEBSTER,
"Secretary of State."
Extract of a letter from N. Ml Rotsehild and Sons, to the Secre-
tary of State, dated London, May 28, 1841, in relation to Mis
eissippi bonds.
"We consider, therefore, that this is a case of the utmost im-
portance, in a financial as well as commercial view, to the na-
tional character and credit of the United States,from the gene.
ral expectations which are entertained that your able admi-
nistration will pursue a sound policy, honorable as well as
advantageous to the Republic, and from the high opinion
we have formed of your enlightened views and zealous re-
gardfor the real Interests of your country, we have no doubt
out you will deem an occurrence of this nature worthy of par-
ticular attention," &c.
There is also a letter from H. J. Williams,
dated June 14, 1841, to the Secretary of State,
and a similar one to the Secretary of the qTreasury,
enclosing a memorial from the holders of the bonds
issued by the Bank of Pensacola, addressed to the
Governor and Council of the Territory of Florida,
with an extract of a letter from Messrs. Gowan
and Maix, by whom these memorials were for-
warded to this country:
Extract from the letter of Henry J. Williams.
"The General Government have always been so scrupulous
in discharging their admitted obligations, that the memorialists
cannot be mistaken in believing that they will take care that
their dependencies shall fulfif the contracts into which the7
have entered, especially as the laws made upon their credit
have actually been expended in the construction of public im-
provements which must, at some period, prove highly benefi-
cial to the whole community."
Extract of a letter from Gowan and Maix, dated
"LoNmoN, May26,1841.
"Webeg of you, in forwarding thecopies to Mr. Webster and
Ewing, to urge upon them this view of the case, in addition to
that on which all Americans should be most sensitive, viz:
good faith with the public creditor, which should be equally
dear to them with their liberty, and which, unless preserved
untarnished, must prove a fatal bar to their future prosperity;
and in a complicated Government like that of the United
States, the dishonor of onemember cannot but reflect on the
whole."
[Mr. FILLMORa here desired that the reply of Mr.
Ewing to the. letter of Mr. Williams should be
read.]
Mr. ATvuiaTos rat it as follows:
"TRASCIURy DEPARTMENT, June 18, 1841.
"'Sin: I have received your letter of the 14th instant, enclos-
lng copies of certain papers, purporting to have been received
from Messrs. Gowan ,nd Maix of London, relative 'o the bonds
of the BankofPens.- .a. I am not aware that this Depart-
ment has the sli i- restt or duty in the matter except the
general desire tiA evem y engagement made by corporations
or individuals may be strictly fulfilled "
Now, sir, it is well known by every one that the
"Treasury Department" could not act efficiently
in the premi.-s, however much they might be in-
fluenced by a "general" or particular "desire"
that these engagements should be strictly fulfilled,
unless in obedience to some action of Congress.
But does the Secretary of the Treasury plainly
and explicitly state that the General Gnnrvem-at
is only liable for debts contracted by itself, and
can only be hIi- responsiblee for such? And
what was the course of Mr. Webster with regard
to these most surprising letters addressed to the
late President and to himself. The reply is given
in his own words:
"These letters not appearing to require any answers, none
have been given."
Does silence give assent to the monstrous doc-
trines of those letters? It seems to me that
no letters could require a reply if these did not,
and it was, as I conceive, a gross dereliction of
duty that a suitable response was not given.
These European bankers should have been in-
formed at once that this General Government has
no constitutional power to pay the debts of the
States, and is in no wise responsible for them.
We surely ought to be much obliged to these
foreigners for their anxious solicitude for the ho-
nor of this General Government-for their "ap-
prehensions of prejudicial consequences" to our
credit-their regard for the national character of
the United States, and their high opinion of the
"enlightened views and zealous regard lor the real
interests" of the country entertained by some of
our statesmen; as also for their lectures to us in-
culcating the doctrine that good faith with the pub-
lic creditor should be equally dear to us with
liberty, and that "in a complicated Government
like that of the United States, the dishonor of one
member cannot but reflect upon the whole."
And these are the letters which the Secretary
says required no answer! But, on reflection, they
may have already discharged their office, for they
may have been intended, judging from the nature
of the reasons urged in its favor, to cause the pas-
sage of the Distribution bill. No one can surely
doubt that if an agent of these foreigners could
have had a vote here on thnt occasion, he would
have voted for the bill, and on the very grounds
set forth in these letters, which certainly have
much resemblance to many things we have heard
on this floor. It seems to me that such language
as that used by the gentleman from New York
tMr. BAaNAt.n] in this debate, has truly an "omi-
nous" import. Replying to his colleague, the gen-
tleman said:
"If he supposes the Governments of Europe are going to
give us credit for honor and integrity while a sovereign State
refuses to pay its debts, he is mistaken."
Does it not follow, that in order to support our
"credit for honor and integrity," we must our-
selves act in behalf of the States? True the gen-
tleman disclaims I eing an advocate for assumption,
but I cannot do so much injustice to his lucid un-
derstanding as to suppose him not to perceive that
his sentiments imply that the General Government
has some obligation incumbent upon it in relation
to these State debts. The gentleman from New
Yorkcharacterized the subject as "one to be looked
to by this Govevnmn:t, and this w/ole people, and
that may come u ,n us sooner than we are


aware;" and further, he exclaimed, "we may talk
about State rights-the Governments of Europe DO
NOT, and OUGHT NOT, to understand our doctrines
on that subject!" A "subject to be looked to by
this Government!" Why, unless the Govern-
ment has the power to act in relation to it? Why
"OUGnHT NOT" the Governments of Europe to "un-
derstand our doctrines of State rights," unless be-
cause they have a right to hold the General Go-
vernment responsible, and, of course, because
there is some responsibility resting upon us to as-
sume, guaranty, or discharge the debts? And was
this silence of the Secretary of State caused by the
consideration that the Governments of Europe
"ought not" to understand the position of the Ge-
neral Government on this subject? Sir, I repeat
that I cannot but consider such language as "omi-
nous" of attempts, to say the least, at still fur-
ther progress in the direction of entire assumption,
towards which the distribution bill is the first step,
rather let me say, stride. Let us look, for a mo-
ment, at the' operation of that bill connected with
the loan bill, as illustrated by an example of what
might take place under both. Suppose the Roth-
schilds to hold a bond of one of the States to the
amount of one hundred thousand dollars. Suppose
them to subscribe to this loan to the same amount.
Suppose (unrther the annual distributive share of
that State, in the proceeds of the public londs, to
be also of the same amount. The Rothschilds pay
the money to the Secretary of the Treasury, and
receive scrip iherefor. The Secretary of the
Treasury pays the money to the State, and the
late pays it in discharge of its bonds to the


SRothschilds, who thus have their money, and tho
security of the General Government, instead of the
Slate. The whole business might be transactec,
Sin a less circuitous manner. The Rothschilds wonlc
have merely to receive their scrip lor the loan ol
one hundred thousand dollars to the General Go-
Svernment, and in consideration thereof discharge
theirbond against the State-in other words,
the General Government might give to thi
SRoilhschilds ts security in place of the bond of the
State. Is riot this assumption to the amount indi-
cated? The mode may be covert and insidous,
but this is a fair illustration of the result.
1 am opposed to this twelve million loan, be
cause it is entirely unnecessary, and can only serve
as the commencemnent of a large national debt in
time of peace. I know the desire of such a debt
is frequently disclaimed, as is also the doctrine thai
a national debt is a national blessing; and I cer-
tainly do not impute to gentlemensenti uents oppo-
site to their professions. But were I for building up a
splendid central consolidated Government-for a
magnificent -cheme of internal improvements to
be carried on by the General Gotvernment-fer a
high tariff, which should enrich the few at the ex-
Spense of the many-were it my desire to make the
rich richer and the poor poorer, by taxing equally
poor and rich to benefit the latter and weaken the
former, then would I favor the creation of a na
f tional debt, and vote for this bill as an entering
wedge to such a system.
[The CHAIRMAN here intimated that the hour al-
lowed by the rule had expired.]

William R. Price, Adm't.l On the equity side of
of Solomon Lowe, dec'd. Talbot County Court,
vs. May term, 1841.
Solomon J. Lowe. J
PF'lHE object of this sut is to procure a decree
_1 for the sale of certain personal property,
which was, on the first day of January, in the year
eighteen hundred and thirty-eight, mortgaged by
the defendant, Solumon J. Lowe, to one Solomon
Lowe, since deceased,.of whom the complainant is
the administrator.
The bill states, that on the first day of January, in
the year eighteen hundred and thirty-eighl, the said
Solomon J. Lwe conveyed and transferred certain
personal property, particularly described in exhibit
A, filed with and as a part of said bill, unto the said
Solomon Lowe, in his life lime, by way of nmort-
gage to secure the payment of the sum of two thou-
sand five hundred dollars, with interest from the
first day of January eighteen hundred and forty,
which was then due and owing from the said Solo-
mon J. Lowe to the said Solomon Lowe, in two
years trom the date thereof.
That the said Solomon Lowe'has since departed
this life intesta'e, and that letters of administration
have been granted to the (complainant by the Or-
phlian's Court of Talbot county, and that the proper-
ty in said deed, from the said Solomon J. Lowe to
the said Solomon Lo we, has, by the death of the
said Solomon Lowe, become assets in the hands of
the complainant, and subject to the payment of the
debts ot the said intestate.
The bill further states that the said Solomon J.
Lowe resides out of the State of Maryland. I
It is therefore adjudged and ordered that the
complainant, by causing a copy of this order to be
inserted in some newspaper published at the city
of Washington, once in each of three successive
weeks before the tenth day of November next,
give notice to the said absent defendant of the ob-
j-ct and substance of this bill, and warn him to ap-
pear in this court in person, or by solicitor, on or
before the third Monday of November next, to an-
swer the premises, and show cause, if any he has,
why a decree ought not to pass, as prayed.
P. B. HOPPER.
True copy-attest:
JAMES PARROT, Clerk,
Talbot county Court.
August 2-law3w

n MEDICAL COLLEGE, RICHMOND, VA
The nrxt winter term of Lectures in this
lnstitutioa wili commence on the first Monday in
in November, and continue until the last week in
February.
Dr. John Cullen on Theory and Prac ice of Me-
dicine.
Dr. A. L W.tn r oni Saig, y.
Dr. L. W. Chaenmoei ia .e on .[ietii NI Med.caand
Therapeutics.
Dr. R. L. Bohannon on Obstetrics and Diseases
of Women and Children.
Dr. Thomas Johnson on Anatomy and Physio-
logy.
Dr. Socrates Maupin on Chemistry.
Clinical Lectures will be delivered regularly (at
the College Infirmary) by the Professors of Medi.
cine and ql-&go-, -t 6IV D-X-tentiary andt Ar-
mory b- the Protessor of Mwieria Medica. The
Professor of Anai.my having charge of ilt Cit)
Alms-house, will deliver Clinical Lectures in that
Institution. The student will have the privilege of
attending all the Clinical Lectures without charge
The advantages for Clinical instruction and practi-
cal unatomy, are not surpassed by any medical
school in our country.
AUG. L. WARNER, M. D.
Aug 8--ectNI Dean of Faculty.

FOR AUGUST.

VIRGINIA LEESBURG LOTTERY,
To be drawn at Alexandria, Virginia, on Saturday
August 14, 1841.
Class M. for 1841.
GRAND CAPITALS.
$30,000-10,000-$6,500--$5,000-3,000-2,500
$2,500-$2,195-25 of 2,000, &c.
Tickets $10-Halves $5-Q-uarters $2 50.
Certificates of packagesof 25 whole tickets $130 00
Do do 25 half do 65 00
Do do 25 quarter do 32 50

$35,295 Capital!
And Fifteen Drawn Nos. out of Seventy-five.
UNION LOTTERY, Class No. 7 for 1841.
To be drawn at Alexandria, D. C. on Saturday,
the 21st of August, 1841.
GRAND SCHEME.
$35,295.
10,515 dollars | 4,000 dollars
5,000 dollars | 3,000 dollars
$2,500-2250--$2,000-$1,750-$ 1,600--$1,500
-$1,400-$ 1,300--$1,250-$1,200-
50 of $1,000-50 of $250-50 of $220-
50 of $200, &c.
Tickets $10-Halves $5--Quarters $2 50
Certificates of Packages of 25 whole tickets $130
Do do 25 half do 65
Do do 25 quarter do 32 50

$40,000-and 50 Prizes of $1,000.
On Saturday, 28th August, 1841,
THE VIRGINIA WELLSBURG LOTrERY,
Class G, for 1841
To be drawn at Alexandria, Virginia.
GRAND CAPITALS.
$40,000-$15,000-$5,000-$3,000--
2,500-.$2,297.
50 prizes of $1,000-50 of $300-S50 of $200, &c.
Tickets only $10-Halves $5--Quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 26 whole tickets $130
Do do 26 half do 65
Do do 26 quarter do 32 50

For tickets and shares or certificates of packages
in the above splendid lotteries, address
J. G. GREGORY & Co. Managers,
Washington City, D. C.
Drawings sent immediately after they are over
to all who order as above. July 21


WOOD AND COAL.
f1 HE undersigned, having formed aco-part-
nership, under the firm of SHAW & DAY
have opened a spacious WOOD YARD at the
CORNER of FOURTEENTH STREET and the
CANAL.
Intending to conduct the business on the cash
principle, or on short credits, they pledge them-
selves to furnish customers with the best articles in
their line, on the lowest possible terms. They will
devote their attention exclusively to the business,
and will therefore be able to secure to themselves
and their customers all the advantages which their
favorable position on the canal affords.
FAMILIES LAYING IN THEIR WIN-
TER'S SUPPLY, WOULD DO WELL TO
GIVE US A CALL.
Every facility will be furnished to vessels wish-
ing to take in or discharge cargoes at their wharf.
They will receive for sale, on commission, CUM-
BERLAND COAL, LIME, PRODUCE, &c. &c.
JOHN SHAW,
June 10. DAVID G. DAY.

RS. REILY, on F street, has several plea-
iL sant Rooms suitable for Boarders, perma-
nent or trans ,-nt. Mrs. R. solicits a share of pub-
lic patronage having no other means of providing
for her helpless family. Terms moderate.
July 8


TWENTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS,
FIRST SESSION.

DEFERRED PROCEEDINGS.


IN SENATE.
MONDAT, August 9, 1841.
Mr. McRoaCRTS moved to amend the bill by
adding the following: '-and the Territories of Wis-
konsan, Iowa, and Florida," so that the bill would
then read: "All the public lands of the United
States, wherever situated, which shall be sold sub-
sequent to the 31s t of December, shall be divided
among the twen y-six States of the Union, and the
District of Columbia, and the Territories of Wiskon-
tsmn, Iowa, and Florida," &c.
Mr. ALLEN hoped the Senator from Illinois
would modify the amendment so as to include the
Territories that may be hereafter organized, that
the benefits of this distribution might be enjoyed
by all. There was a manifest propriety in include
ing the people of these Territories. The people of
the Territories were usually in humble circum-
stances. They were induced to go from the old
States to Ihe Territories because, in general, they
were poor. When they got there they had to
spend some lime in clearing away the earth before
it i.s made productive, and they were put to the
great expense of travelling over an extensive
space of country, where are no roads, in order to
their seats of government, and their courts of jus
tice. All these, and a thousand other hardships,
made heir titua ion more trying by far than that
of any other portion of the American people. He
did not, theretloe, think, if this Govenment had
benefits to bestow, that it could follow them, as
objects more worthy than the hardy settlers of the
Territories.
It had been objected, however, that they had no
right to include Territories in this distribution.
Perhaps this waits so; but, if so, it was because they
had no ri-ht to make the distribution at all. The
ground on which it was asserted that these Territo-
ries were to be excluded, was, that the lands held
by this Goverment were so held by it in trust for
the States, as sovereignties. Ttat, it was admitted,
did not apply to a large portion of the lands, which
were acquired by her share of this GoTernment,
and which are as manifestly the property of the
United States as the navy arsenals and armaments
are.
But to take the question of the land which was
included in the deeds of cession. If it were true,
as had been urged on the other side of the cham-
ber, not only in this, but in the two preceding ses-
sions, in which this subject had been discussed,
that these lands were so ceded with a condition,
that after the payment of OIe national debt, grow.
ing out of the Revolutionary struggle, itiy were to
inure to the States, he asked them how they were to
inure to the States? They were to inure ho the
States, if at all, as sovereignties; and, if so, in
what proportion were they to inure? In an equal
proportion, as much to one as to another State, be-
cause of the fact of their sovereignties, without re-
gard to the ratio of their respective population. If
it were true that the States were taken as sovetrn
ties, then they had an equal undivided interest in
this soil. And if so, then the principle of distribut-
ing the proceeds according to their representation,
was a false principle, and a fraud on the small
Slates. Now, he would put the question, if, after
the payment of the old Continenwal debts, these
lands were intended by the States to inure to the
benefit of the States of this Union as sovereignties,
where they got the rule by which they gave to one
of tho-e sovereignties more of this land than
another? Did they find it in the deeds of cession?
Was it said in ihe deeds of cession, that when the
contingency should arise, to wit, the payment of
the Continental debt, these lands were to inure to
the benefit of the States as sovereignties? Was it
saidin what proportion they should so inure? No,
it was not stated. If it inured to the States as sove-
reignties, then it inured to them in equal propor-
tions, because their sovereignties were equal, and
made so by the Constitution.
But again, if this land, by the deeds of cession,
inured, after the payment of the Revolutionary
debt, to those S ates, as sovereignties, then it inured
ito hemrn, on the payment of the debt, without an act
i, C oi. press; an-t they had been usurpers in every
act ftur distr.baitu subsequent to that period. If
the lands so inured, the land, and not the money
arising from its sale, inured, and they had been
usurpers in converting these lands into money, and
then dividing it, per eapfla. Who authorized Con-
gress to sell these lands? If they inured atall, they,
inured at the time the contingency happened, and
they were then out of the power of this Govern-
ment: at-1 ea.-y not of ti.o Oo rsLnretaut, ie sta-
Lion to these lands, subsequently, had been a bare
fa-ed a id inexcusable ,-sertion of authority over
them.
Tnere was an utter absurdity and folly in any
man saying that these lands inured to the States
after the payment of the old Continental debt, as
sovereignties, and were not intended to belong to
the people of the United States in their capacity of
a Union. Suppose they divided this money, they
divided it to the Stat.-s; they observed the federa-
tive feature of the Constitution in the division of
the money, and that federative feature in the exist-
ence of the States, as sovereignties; and notwith-
standing that, they took the population of the
States as the criterion of the amount that should
so inure. This argument was an utter falsity,
that these lands were ever ceded with an intention
of inuring to the States, as sovereignties, and there-
fore there was an utter absurdity in this claim set
up on the part of the States. If the States owned
this land, they owned it in equal proportions, be-
cause their sovereignties were equal; and by our
Constitution, they came into this Union on the
footing of equal sovereignties.
Such was not the case. He maintained that this
was but a mode in which it was attempted to avoid
the Constitution, and give up the public Treasury
as the object of distribution.
The bill contained tea percent, discrimination
in favor of the new States. Now, if this land
were ceded to the Sta'es, as sovereignties, and
were to inure to them as sovereignties, where did
they get an authority for making this discrimina-
tion in favor of these States? Every feature of
this bill contradicted the assertion of the bill, by
which it was proposed to distribute the proceeds of
the land. First, they contradicted it by taking the
ratio of representation as the criterion of distribu-
tion, when they should take the isolated standard
of the sovereignty of the State Second, by dis-
criminating to an amount of ten per cent. in favor
of the particular States, they also contradicted
this principle of equal sovereignty. But he would
ask Senators on the other side, now, to whom had
this Government a right to make this distribution?
Was it to the States?
This Government was framed for the express
purpose of enabling the action of the Government
to reach individuals, and not States; because, under
the old confederation it was found that the feeble-
ness of the Government, arose from the fact, that
the continental Congress could only act on the
States. What did they propose now! It was
true, that they collected the taxes as individuals,
but in distribution, they distributed to the States,
and not to individuals, thereby making the laws of
this Government apply on the sovereign States, as
the old confederation did.
No; he took the ground here, and it was proba-
ble that he should submit a resolution embracing
that principle, that this Government as the repre-
senuative of the States, and people of this Union,
has Ihe unlimited and unmodified title to ihus
land; and farther, that if they distributed this mo-
ney, they ought to distribute it as they would
the land itself, among. the people; and not
among the States of this Union He put the ques-
tion, if it were now a proposition to distribute this
land, whether they wou'd distribute it to the States
or to the people? If they distributed it to the States,
how would its benefits accrue? To the rich and


poor, according to their relative amount of proper-
ty. But the rich and poor were equally entitled to
their respective share in this land. He maintained
that in this Republie of ours, each citizen has an
equal claim to the lands, and they ought to distri-
bute an equal proportion, without regard to the for-
tunes of the people, because of the fact that they
are the owners in common of this property.
But he would not go further into this subject at
present. He dil not believe they could pass this
bill, either now or hereafter. If they trusted to the
hereafter, he would stake his life on the proposition
that they would never pass it; it was too odious in all
its principles and details-too barefaced an insult
to the people of this country-too deep an outrage
on the moral sense of 'this nation-too directly de-
structive of the Constitution and institutions of
this Government ever to meet the approbation of
this people. Antid, if Senators doubted it, although
it carried on its face the allurements of distribu-
tion, he was wil ing to take the field within the li-
mits of Ohio, wth the strongest and proudest of the
opposite party tn the question of distributing the
proceas of these lands. He would let the subject
pass over at this session-let them make it an is-


I III I I II I IIH IIII


Sthe power to pass a uniform bankrupt law. The privilegewas
granted in the broadest and most unqualified language: the
single limitation was that the law should be uniform in its ope.
ration. Could it be said that a power like this was to be suf-
fered to lie dormant and never be exercised? Some
gentlemen held that it ought never to be used unless
there was the most urgent' and pressing necessity, but Mr.
R. could not agree in this opinion. The power was not so
much granted as a privilege, as it was confided to Congress
as a trust; it was a trust which Government was bound to
fulfil. Had not their predecessors viewed it in this light?
and had they not, in the close of the administration of the elder
Adams, fulfilled the trust by passing such a law in 1800? True,
it was at the following session repealed; but Mr. R understood
that party politics had had something to do with the repeal. The
law had been passed under John Adams; it was repealed under
Thomas Jefferson.
Mr. R. admii- i0 ra it ii i5 ... were inherent difficulties in
difficultiesin i.- a-- \%t,',. i very man of humanity must
feel anxious that the honest but unfortunate debtor should be
released from the liabilities he never could discharge, every
just man's mind as strongly repels the idea of releasing the
debtor who was dishonest and fraudulent.
Mr. R. here put the case of a man who had purchased real
estate, paid part and given a mortgage for the remainder, but
who being unable to pay, had suffered a foreclosure; the pro.
perty had reverted to the original owner, and 50, and, in some
cases, 75 per cent. of the whole purchase money was still hang-
ing over his head, at the mercy of the creditor; it was a liqui-
dated debt, on which execution could issue at any time. What
debtor would be content to toil for years, ay, for a lifetime, to
discharge such a debts Mr. R. wanted to see this class of debtors
emancipated; and he believed the country never could prosper
till it was effected. On the other hand, it was hard, where a
man holding a lucrative office had borrowed money and spent
it, and took the benefit of the act, retaining the office and its
emoluments, to which, in reality, his creditor had looked for
repayment. Such cases (and he mentioned several) ought, if
practicable, to be excepted from the relief.
Mr. R. next went into tke question of the constitutionality of
the bill. It related to two classes of cases, voluntary bankrupts
who applied for the benefit of the law on their own account, and
involuntary, in relation to whom application was made by their


,I]


sue directly to the people, and he would meet them
on the proposition before the people, and bind him-
self to the direct question, and trust the honor
and intelligence of the people of Ohio on a ques-
tion like this. He did net believe they could pass
this bill.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
The Journal of yesterday was read and approved.
Mr. WISE rose, and requested the House to permit him to
record his vote in favor of the bill which passed this HIouse
yesterday, providing for the repeal of the bill commonly known
as the Sub-Treasury law.
Objections being made, the vote was not recorded.
BANKRUPT LAW.
Mr. BARNARD moved that the House resolve itself into
Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, with a
view, he said, to resume the consideration of the bankrupt
law.
Mr. WISE asked Mr. BARNARD to waive that motion, to
enable him to report, from the Committee on Naval Affairs,
the Senate bill providing for tl,. ,,...... f Navy pension.
ers, (which had betnreturned ,,', i '. c ,, with amend-
ments.)
Mr BARNARD asktred if ii,. -,.-,.,,.i, from ,-..,- i Ir
WISE) was going to prena i-. i ..-.ir '., of ti'. Itill ii,
time?
Mr. WVISE was understood to say that there were some
amendments which he desired to be acted epon, but which he
-1" .,~ .11 J -,,.-, '":' I I ,,: ,)f tims.
M \R- t1 % .' -%-1tI,. i .... ,- -, .3. m otion.
i R'.,-i.tVrl_ t ,tFiAro:l ..I ,... .-eaker if it was in order
t,"* , * I i l .. itc r *'.. ... th, .. I A.,.i- M -A. NI l.
', ,I , 1 _- i hn -, '.r i .-.'--ration of the bankrupt
1 11 .ta. ..... ,,i, m b,-,l:- r-. . r, i,. the H house?
TI.- 1ir KCR i i- ,..i, ...'.ir ,.. - ,e that or any other
a-. i., i, .. .I T 1.. .H,....1-,1 i j. i 1. 11,,,i, from New York,
[Mr. BARNARD. j
The motion of Mr. BAsNARD, by ayes 77, noes 57, was then
agreed to.
So the HIouse resolved itself into Committee of the Whole
on the state of the Union, (Mr. TILLINGHAST of Rhode Island in
the chair.)
Mr. BARNARD moved that the committee proceed to the
c o n s i d ,- ; i .i. h t..k r ,, 1 ,.
Mr.tI NuF it I %D iF..... 1 'iii, al..--iih,-,.., take up *i-
District Bank bill.
The CHAIRMAN said that when the committee last rose,
they were upon the consideration of the Bankrupt bill. A to-
tion had been made by a gentleman from Massachusetts [Mr.
B3RIGG ,1 1- 0- ..;ii a,; ,,,jinJ the I~.,, ,: ,,,,,1 ,,-
M r [ tlf t i ti, i li ,. ,. .. t, i i th e r .i , .
Tl.- ,.....,; r. aimed the consideration of the bill
i, ,>, "-,, .1 ,-,. ., i,,I, a uniform system of bankruptcy
f '1.. I h I 1 I,: I -ri.. i l'-' '" I i.iL.T .f,, w as nowltaken
up tby sections.
And thie first section having been read,1and tie question being
o n ':,. ;,. ,i.. .
Mi, it l N it!, r,,'i,.,,, 1 of the Committee on tie Judi-
cuay)opene.l thedehate inaspeech in v-.i .. .... ... ...
sketch of the history of the present bill. ie- '. ""\ ..
visions, and commented on the nature of i. : .' I'mi- i
presented to its passage, and concluded with an impressive de-
scription ofthe ,.,-.. -- 1 .. ,, [ I,.i h . 1 .1 I 1.. .. i,

'1>- % ''-HE I .l...i ,., i >, h i thebill.
Mr. GORDON of New York said, that there could be no
doubt ii. - I.,. : -. ,. I.. .er to pass a bankrupt
law, l.. .-, i ,,. i..!i. i,.-. -, i that therefore itshould
exerc .. ,, -., ;, i-, i ,. ,,- an act, whict wai to
expir- ,, ..,, .,i,., i . .,, i. years; but was re-
pealel ,.. i ,,, -. ... .,.l., day to this ntimne-
rous efforts had been made to eass another '..-..i i .. ..,
they hadalt failed. And why, hie would ask, -,i n,.- ,
It was bec-.. -i.. .. i- l had given their Representattives in
Congress i ,,J i 1 ,,,1iIri.1.* suh a measure would he injudi-
cious and unwise. Now, .i-,i .. i-... j. ii. 11. ,1 i1... i... 1.1
were, at this tim e, in fa. r ,. t f i j i-.i.. r,i I 1,.
The chairman of th I ( .. r.,, n r.. .,. 1 ., r ,r .,.. ,
avery able report on it,. --. .j5.i, ,,d ai.. .i -, o .- I
speech, but still he had failed to convince him Mr. G. that the
opinions which he had formed were erroneous. It appeared
fir. A, I..I ,.. :.,,i. n.. ,d said that there were 500,(30
ba ,. .. .... r,. .1.. i .,r 1,1 , but that 45,06-1 1-, --.tJ F 1 ,
i-.i i ..-i i.e enactment for a bankrupt .' tit Mi- i.
:1, .i ..... .i this fact alone went to prove that the people
at iaige had not asked tor it. Heconceived this to be the best
=, ,.i.. ., i i.. adduced to show that the law was not
i'i. ,. ,: So much for the popularity of this sub.
... ,; .- .,, .., .'-" a brief examination of the constitution-
al questions bearing upon this subject, and then proceeded to
argue, fr ,, ,. , ,I ihvI ., I, .' 1 i eI ""I t. h ll I[ 1 I ,3 [ .
uniform i n. 1.1 * -r.' i .-r ] . 1. -jii .. .. i k i ri l h i
as regard+ ,. ,,,i .1 n .--H .- 1, (| ........i ..,'-. ,1
there had been incorporated in the same bill a bankrupt sys-
tem and an insolvent system- and he asked what power Con-
gress had to pass an insolvent lawl Whilst he admitted its
power to pass a bankrupt act, he denied ithad a right to enact
an insolvent law.


the two classes sy 1vaiinc. lue. i.,...I It i hih i, a o th e -
sition to violate I- i : ,, r ... ,., I,,. ,, I.-i. ,vi,
the insolvent law r l I.g t fvr, I "i ,. v I.' a J,, eI e. a s t. 1 I_ 1
gress possessed the power to pass a bankrupt law but that law
must be prospective, and not retro-active and it toust operate
upon all dehtors alike. He contended that under this bill the
banks and other corporations, such as the Bank of the Unitied
States of Pennsylvania, included in its provisions, as other-
wise they would go to favor, in very many cases, a set of
swindlers and rascals, at the expense of the community gene-
rally. lie thought that speculators and others, of loose moral
principle, would take advantage of the law, and sacrifice the
innocent, the honest, anil the upright, to carry out their own
selfish and dishonest purposes. tie next showed that the ope-
ration ut this bill would be highly injurious and oppressive to
the creditors in the several States, who, in order to substantiate
.. -1; '- i.-ii1ii.. .1 ~. i ert
"]1 ~ ~ T -'1 11%. '' ~ r' 'l h 1 I 1 i t, ..I 'ast
many instances, would be, i -- ,i i .-. -. 1 ..id ,. ;, -
sequence ofthe creditor be ii .n -ri . i, ii rI
., ... .. .i .. .. .. .. ,. ;,. ,,............ ..1 ... i ., .
,11 1 +1 ,. I, I I, I ,,nr. [l Id, .I' ... ... I~rl lNO ~ l~i

hill.
Mr. ROOSEVELT referred to the various epecnes which
S .. .. ,i ... i a n. r' i .,h .the
*" ,-, I-.= in'] i;i~r. I "I.I II, ,,:I l~ i,1, lh, ,, 1 .,r 01lithe had

ri i.'i 1 i r i.. .. i ; i.r.i-ii i ji ii...r.-. i i ll ...i k r j d .h r u, i n er. t
I "1 ... .... ..I I 't" Ill '' +' l t bove the
t+ ,, ,ri .- - -i. \ li,,,... i n,,l.l. il,,,-. ..
he presumed, would suspect of any intention of taking I-
benefit of the act, but whose chief trouble might be '0upp,,-e
to arise f. , 1ti: i. i.i,. 1. . I-V' r, than he knew w I, .
do with. hi.. f, .. r. 1 .. hiiir.ly respectable German
firm, whose name escaped the Reporter's ear, whom he com.
plimented on their steady habits, straight-forward integrity,
and fidelity to all their contracts. The reason why such
persons put their names to a memorial for bankrupt law
might be presumed to be, th, it 11,-r -.--i ,f (th.ir personal
1, t 1 "1'"-.:1i ... i .n, i "1,' i. i .i,p., f the tim es,
,-,. ,,,r 'i. ,... ,i I.h. ..-.. which spread like a sortof
r ii ...... -r, ,,: year |i.i .. -i. .. -r, I ."
J .~ ~ r 'i l in nt -'- I r ". i.. i 1 ..i- ii[-,i.iij .
alike beenswept away, ashby 11.11, til ,,I i,.j 1.I,.. . I

*r._" dH t .. ,. . -l,.., '. |.. r.. i I hi l li t .
0 1 .,-W ., -,-., .- h ,

mailed beyond the reach of doubt or 1A,-, Ir, had now kindly
ll ,i l ,:,:j i rl i1. i .... .. i'l. [r. r ,], i, r, ii .... i


hr. +. i # a"i 1-ii. r i.i a i- ,' .. ..... ,.,. I ,1, . ,.,



bably gain more by t.Iads withi the restored deibtors than they
would lose by discharging them from their previous obliga-
tions. it was a sound opinion; for exp? rience showed, with
regard to the scraps and crumbs of a merchant who had made
a bad failure, that the contingent remainders of these lost eso
tatessi- t- '. I.- I..... tat-. ';isi .nr.i -*. (not improiperly, but
from i,.-. l,. i .h ',, .._ i rh irl. i-. ,- profession.
Thet- .. ai ,-',r '[i .i iii ..'ii.; i What was the
result, or at leass the frequent e1, -ir i ..eping the rod of
the law susoreded over th he heads of men who had failed n
business What did we see as we walked the streets Men
of ardor, and industry, and enterprise, who were willing to
work, bit whose labor was liable to be swallowed up by their
previous liabilities, conti nnent to remain idle: t nd estse
we saw in large letters on signs the niames of "John Doe and
tRichard s iei and after them the word "agensoh in very
small letters, scarcely legible across the street. What did






was ia r ot a inoral calamity ntris e ii. w i.e- ii- ing
interposition of Cio'gress? Mr. B. wished to see ibis stats of
ti.,...- ..i.1 ..,. i-i.- nr-i iir. .,.ii Talk of slavery and abolition
work, but wose lab- w-.i. with the bondage of the aint
and the heart? Men talked of physical chains and shackles,
but these were nothing to itoe chains of the soul. A
man iught hele ailthe oin the ni of a dungeon, and yet have
all the joy of freedom ,i i'.' spit-it was but free: and he
might be a sery slave in the open field if his mind
was a slave to pasatiti or to debt. It might be asked,
in reply, whether this House had any power to regu-
late the morals of the community? To this he would answer
"Yes, it has." The founders afoot- admirable fat-so of1 overw n-
rt,-i a.1'. hl, -I-tog and wise meI ; art understanding well the
<'.1i ..i h,,. *~ i countrymene, and anticipating the commer-
cial and trading propensity w" t. .... ... i' ...:i I ...,,[.h ,i t
tead,as a matrerof couasei, the h..1. 1 -ii,, ,I a .,.i,..i l
come involved in pecuniary eth.i..s se ot.
table in the ordinary couroseoli >.*.'-. Thi., atiii t-.n:i.t
the result ,,f 55- [*- *,'ii i', a of .hslacter ass apeolie; it
was rather the i--.... a- 'ri...wi They looked at the
shbde esn wete as the tights which marked the landscape pre-
presented in anticipation before them, and,seingit impossible
far the States to grant effectual relief, they vested in Congress


creditors; and it referred to contracts not future, but already ex-
isting. To the objection that in this respect it violated the pro-
visin of the Constitution which forbade the States to pass any
law impairing the obligation ofcontiacts, Mr. R. replied that
the words sfthe Constitution made a marked difference in the
prohibition imposed upon States and that imposed upon the
General Government. The latter was prohibited froee "pass-
i... a,,. iii .-i ,, ainder or ex post fac'o law." Ther,, it stop-
.lN a .., ,post facto law had been decided to mean only
a criminal statute, and not a law of a civil nature; and therefore
the restric.,,-i. 1.u I. i r[ n L'.i.i (' -r, r. ii- 1.11 .-..< ,.. ic ii i. .
,*r -i c ,:' -- oi r.: *- t, rd ,rd.- [.i lul~ w r~tlp i II I. i .,',, :l|lhj t' ", |' I

any law iiil.,'rn-n' t .i.' i p..,1 -a,'i TI.- -,ir.- 1~ *..
ofthiscla n-e d it, it. i), ir ,i.i-. ,r... I,, ih it Ion -l rir..:i
ple ofinterpretation, that its omission in tie other came was in-
tentional and significant; and Mr. R. contended it was not less
wise anid evincive of foresight in theframers. It was conceded
that States might pass bankrupt laws ofa prospective kind,
ulil C,,r,,, ., h .1.1. i-r'-. r i t,.c .ral Iiw; such alaw
i i e I i ,, .- .i S.- \ -.. r. uii I State m ade the
law I'i i,, '.'l....- ii i ..... ni tilai But Congress
could 1.,i. -i., ci ia, alit.'" ., .. i.tr t-trospective as
well a. I r -I i: I. '..', .. ir)m existingob-
ligati.r,, i.. i.o -1 .. i .. i n.-,re' ,,',i',,,- In confirma-
ion o1 ii.,- ..- MIc R ., ,,- .... a-., of the passage
of the law oft 00, at which time it was generally conceded
that the law might be retrospective. That law had been sign-
.ii~'t'I ir'iif[to o,,'r .L .I r. ii~i.'r I.. ~, ..),,s.. 1.

'.i,,it,.. r.il:,i.1-ii ...i. ts. It was said, indeed, that a
-", 1.1 ,1.: n, *," -i ii,e Constitution was presumed to
;..- 11 1- . ii..r., ,, .r. i.- his contract subject to that risk;
but it-- i s .1.-t,,: .it,.. r,,ii. ., fr ,o make him, by intend.
men t el i .. ,...,..i .i it, i t. iiir i of astatute not yetin
M.r;,, Mr i I l .. l l, t, id .- .- ii .- l ..... j i T I ,r
i,, 1.aii ..1 i. thebroadground that it ." 'i iiiii.-. ,.
power Congress to pass a retrospective law, though not in cri
minoal eases.
At this time the whole country was covered with debt-with
debt contracted under a totally different state of things, when
currency was worth not more than half its value; when bank
notes were as plenty as the leaves in autumn; when a man had
Ii-,: i, .. ,it put an apron on, and he could catch his lap
ii.i, ,, ',,,, True, the contracts then made, if strictly, on-
i,-,o, ,, ,. r,,.ir -.. r y dollar in his bond acon.
.I i'....., 1.1 r, r,,i i ; i.it. ,... was in truth and reality
toexact twodollarsforone. W i. -i. ii. r .,.. ,,,.li.,.
'5o interposition ofCongress, ii it l h., i.- ,r '... 1 h- .1 '
'i,,-i. the case had arisen *,,.1 ii ... 1.i -.. ,, ,' ..... .. ,
played when the power was g .- i- i '.1 i.I.i ii it.r .-, 1 I''
pass, and there were no fearstas to its fate at the other end of
the A....- e ii. message at the opening ofthesession for-
bade I. ,.'.
Mr. R. here addressed the House in a persuasive strain re-
ferring to the action which the bill had received in the otber
branch, and dwelling on the necessity of laying aside personal
r. .,1.. .. .. ."I .. ,and conceding a Ii t'e to effect
i :.. I 'i.,; II. i.....' :. ... pleasantly as to
,.. ..i. . 1i i.- 1, .. if.- ..r.lirlysubmi ion to
caucus resolves which had been manifested on questions of a
strictly party character; but on this men of all parties might
"L i i..o h ,
L ,to .lr i I, o. r .1 .,- 1- 1 . l ,e .. ..1 1.. 1.h "
banking corporations in the opereton of the bill; but this he
did not intend to consider as a sine qua non, -" ..wi- I I..,d
greatly prefer the bill with such addition. II.: ...v- .o-
peal, in closing, to the majority of the lHouse, praying them so
fartto concede to the minority as not i i..: i r..;...
question np on them until opportunity I .1.l .I.n. '. ir, i... r
the principal amendments and to record the yeas and nays
upon them.
Mr. MASON of Ohio next obtained the floor, and went into
a very learned andargimeotative speech in reply, more par.
itcjalarly, to some of the positions previously taken by Mr.
GORDON, between whom and himself several explanations, re-
S. ...I ', i ,.. -i.. passed, chiefly having reference to law
....i.. a.. r the Reporter doesn't pretendto compre-
hend. Mr. M. went largely into the constitutional question, as
. i. ,1.. ,..-. i, -i...- and necessity of the law, both of
S I|. i,,, r i. I, ,,,i. i ,,, ,'eat earnestness.
Mr. FERRIS took the opposite side. and spoke with his ac-
customed clearness and cogency of opposition to the bill, as
going, in its humane regard to the misfortunes of the debtor,
to violate the Constitution by destroying the debts of the credit.
tor, and depriving him of his just remedy against those who
would defraud him of his due. Sonnd-minded and thinking
men would not be swayed by the impulses of passion and
.I,. :i1 ,,,: .:i j lt i f eloquenc r. I . r. ii r i.I: ., r .. :
rlii AI". 1 > i ,r \\\ stab the (..... ....... i ir to. rui'r ,
which u1. n. .-.in... i -i. ...i their own rights as those of
others. Ti. ... ..i r, i ,-. haracterto preserve with the
commercial and civilized world; and what would the nations
of Europe thinkofus, who looked mainly to the honor and in-
ir:,-i .... i, .- I 1. r I , heirrights when theyen-
' i t.. 1.i .JI -.. .. 0. -11r i I .ni vested their property in
our enterprises? What would they think of the introduction
ofa perfectly novel principle into our legislation-a principle
unknown to any civilized nation upon the globe What reli-
ance would they place on the liabilities ofour merchants, when
their debts were liable to be irrevocably destroyed by a national
law? If gentlemen were to draw ni their imagination for cases
of distress in debtors, why not employ it a little oon the other
.... ii.. ii..i -J..


hearted creditors were more frequent in novels and play-books
thanin realimfe.
Mr. F. then went into a constitutional argument, reading au-
thorities to show what had been the received acceptation of
the term "bankrupt" at the time the Constitution had been
framed; and contended thatno subsequent change in its mean.
ing would warrant an interpretation inconsistent with the
known meaning of the words when they were inserted in the
instrument. Headmitted that the British law from which this
meaning had been derived was a narrow law, and ho might
wish it had been more liberal; but this conferred no power
on Congress to change the meaning of the terms of that or-
ganic law by which Congress itself, as well as the nation, were
bound. This was not a question of implied, but of granted
powers. The resort must be to the letter of the Constitution.
A bankrupt law had been intended as a shied to creditors
agaln- ith. frtiu- in-l ini-jti-- f tishnnest debtors; but this
hill -.- mm -i i i,- 0i.-.h i -..1 to be put into the hands
of the idebtor.
Mr. F. insisted that the law of 1800 had not been retrospect-
ive-it was prospective only. As to the difference of lan-
guage employed by the Constitution in restricting the States
.. i r.-.,ii ;-,.- ,i.- General Government, he thought the argu-
.... .... it -I. because, as the General Government was
the creature of the States, and had no powers but such as were
granted to it, it needed no restriction on a power not granted:
whereas the States, '-i,-: ..-i-, ,iI-.. -.. of power, did
need restrictions in ii. .. r' -.:. ..i p .n t-. r,. r. they did pos-
sess, and might oteriwise have exerted. No matter whether
an '. fateto law was stritly ,restrained to crlmn i ease:
i,, i ,- r. .nk,.,t . the n at .. f 11,r ,';.,'
I , ,-, I i.. f .'-- .; 1i ....hI t.. .. violate i "1 ..i r ~. ..I I
tution. A law was a rule faction; but how could a law be a
rule to a man's action which was not passed till ten or twenty
years after the action had taken placell He considered such a
law as one ol thie most tyrannical exercisesof power which the
;....:i,,;.... .. .... .. N .ecedentforitwastobe found
.i,. .- k ... i it- I. ..f thecommunity required re-
I,- I 1 o ,, iI1.1 ,' .. i.- i..-. it,.- i r irter-from the Le-
:;. i.,r the States or from tt..,.,. r-, and consideration
i, .-i.,11 r, which was rarely appealed to in vain by an
honest debtor, who could show a clear case and make a fair sur-
render.
Mr. r. opposed the law nas not being uniform in its opera-
tion, and therefore not constitutional. IIt- t1, 1 i tr... ,-i
from the different liens created by the ,w t.. ,.r. -,.
on the property of debtors.
Explanations here passed as to the laws of Louisiana with
Mr. MOORE, and as the laws of Connecticut with Mr. TRUM-
BULL.
Mr. FERRIS waivedthe question ofextediency, partly for
want of time to discuss it, but chiefly on the ground
that ifa law was unconstitutional it never could be truly ex-
pedient.
Mr. SALTONSTALL obtained the floor, arid on his motion,
the committee rose and reported progress.
On leave given, Mr. STROKELY of Ohio. presented the pe-
tition of Dr. Crawford, Robert Beves, and 113 other, citizens of
.I. iT r........ ...,, O r-.,'- i i' i... . '.- i igainstthe re.
!.. I.-.i ,. I,,.l-.... ,- ,,t T -io .u ., i ir. ti, 1, of a F iscal
Agent; distribution of the proceeds of the public lands, aind
against protective tariff.
And the House adjourned.

HAMPTON'S VEGETBLE TINCTURE.
IGHLY IMPORTANT DISCOVERY.-
The most safe and certain remedy ever
known to. the world or various chronic diseases,
after they have reached a state, and assumed a
character, hitherto considered desperate and incu-
rable.
Scrofula, King's Evtl, attended with swellings,
and ulcers; sore eyes and loss of sight, to a fright-
ful extent, have been cured. Females pining away
by reason of deranged secretions, broken circula-
tions, and obstructed menses, (monthly courses)
even when attended by spasms or fits, have been
readily relieved.
Dyspepsia yields without a struggle to its mild
yet powerful action on the stomach. In Catarrh,
or cough, Rheumatism, Fistula, Gonorrhea, and
Syphilis, it never fails to cure, as we have fully
proved. It is also efficacious in Paralysis, Dropsy,
Asthma, Complaints of the Breast, Piles, Worms,
Lumbago, Siricture, Diarrhoea, and Flux; usually
effecting a cure-always giving relief.
This tincture tends directly to excite a healthy
action in the stomach, liver, lungs, spine and kid-
neys-to purify the blood and other fluids, by ex-
pelling every particle of morbid matter Irom the
system, and therefore never tails (with its accom-
paniments) to prove" a valuable remedy for dis-
eases for which calomel has been invariably used.
Old sores and ulcers, or any chronic affection, and
for the calomel disease, it is an infallible reme-
dy.
Theremedy is perfectly vegetable, mild, agree-
able, and safe for persons of any age, either sex.
or in any condition; acknowledged by those who
have tried it, to be the best known family medi-
cine.
This justly celebrated tincture creates a craving


'O PARENTS AND TRUSTEES OF
SCHOOLS.-A Gentleman who is capable
of teaching French, German, Latin, and Gieek,
and all the branches of Classical Education, and
has experience in teaching, would wish to obtain
a situation in any scientific institution. He
would have no objection to go West, under fa-
vorable conditions. The best of references will be
produced and required. A letter addressed to J.
H. K. C. Washington city, would meet with
immediate attention.
Aug 7-dtw*
WAN rED.-A young man who is com-
petent to impart instruction in the various
branches of an English education, wishes to take
charge of a school, either in Virginia or Maryland
-would not object to a situation as clerk in a
store. As employment is his principal object, a
small compensation only would be required. For
further information address 0. P. H. through the
Washington Post Office, free of postage.
August 7-3t

C CHALLENGE BLACKING.-Eight gross
boxes of Mason's unequalled and inimitable
Blacking, newly made, just received, and for sale
at the manufacturer's price, at Stationers' Hall.
June 26
PREPARE FOR WINTER.-SHAW &
DAY, corner of I4th and Canal streets, will
attend to the purchasing and delivering of WOOD
by the boat load, at a reasonable advance on the
cost Aug 3.


MISS SEDGWICK'S NEW WORK.
The Messrs. Harper have just issued Miss Sedg-
woek'. "Letters from Abroad, to Kindred at
Home," in two volumes. Simultaneously we have
a notice of the work from across the water, where
the book publishers have got the start a little of
the American. We avwil ourselves at random of
a few extracts which cccur in an extended review
of the book by the London Examiner of the 13th
July.
LEAVING ENGLAND.
"It seems like leaving home a second time. If
any thing could make us forget that we are travel-
ler-, it would be such unstinted kindness as we
have received here. You cannot see the English
in their homes, without reverercing and loving
them; nor, I think, can an Anglo-American come
to this, hiA ancestral home, without a pride in his
relationship to it, and an extended sense of the ob-
ligations imposed by his derivation from the Eng-
lish stock. A war between the two countries, in
the present state of their relations and intercourse,
would be fratricidal; and this sentiment I have
heard expressed on all sides."
GERMAN MANNERS.
"The English race, root and branch, are, what
wilh their natural shyness, their conventional re-
serve, and their radical uncourteousness, cold and
repelling. The politeness of the French is con-
ventional. It seems in part the result of their
sense of personal grace, and in part of a selfish
calculation of making the most of what costs no-
thing; and partly, no dcubt, it is the spontaneous
effect of a vivacious nature. There is a deep-seat-
ed humanity in the courtesy of the Germans.
They always see a to be feeling a gentle pressure
from the cord that interlaces them with their spe-
cies. They do not wait, as Schiller says, till you
'freely invite' to 'friendly stretch you a hand,'
but the hand is instinctively stretched out, and the
kind deed ready to follow it. This suavity is not
limited to any rank or condition. It extends all
the way down from the prince to the poorest pea-
sant. Some of our party, driving out in a hack-
ney coach yesterday, met some German ladies in
a coach with four horses, postilions, footmen in
livery, and other marks of rank and wealth.
What would Americans have done in a similar
position? Probably looked away, and seemed un-
conscious. And English ladies would have dene
the same; or, as I have seen them in Hyde Park,
have leaned back in their carriages, and stared
with an air of mingled indifference and insolence
through their eye glasses, as if their inferiors in
condition could bear to be stared at. The Ger-
man ladies bowed most courteously to the humble
strangers in the hackney coach."
AN ENGLISH TRAVELLER.
"You may know him by the quantity and varie-
ty of his luggage, by every ingenious contrivance
lor comfort, (alas comfort implies fixtures,) im-
pregnable English trunks, travelling bags, dressing
cases, cased provisions for all the possible wants
that civilization generates, and all in travelling ar-
mor. There is no flexibility about an English-
man, no adaptation to circumstances and exigen-
cies. He must stand forth, wherever he goes, the
impersonation of his inland home. I said his lug-
gage betrayed him; I am sure his face and de-
meanor de. His muscles are in a state of tension,
hiP nerves seem to be on the outside of his coat,
his eyebrows are in motion; he looks, as my friend
says she felt when she first came to such a place
as this, 'as if all the people about her were rats;'
his voice is quick and harsh, and his words none
of the sweetest, so that you do not wonder the
continental people have fastened on him the de-
scriptive subriquet of 'Monsieur God d-n.' "
GERMAN ACTORS.
"We were fortunate in seeing one of the great
dramatic performers of Germany, Emile Devrient.
The play was one of the Princess Amelia's; a tale
of domestic sorrow, as I ascertained by my inter-
preters. There was no-scenic effect, no dramatic
contrivance to aid it. Tne scene was not once
shifted during the play. Devrient seemed to me,
as far as I could judge merely from his action,
expression, and voice, to deserve the applause
showered on him. The playing was all natural,
and the voices of the women marvellously sweet.
Have I never yet remarked to you the sweet, low
lone of the German woman's voice? From the
cultivated a:tiirs-s to your cliaarherman1, it is a mu-
s cal ptla-ure io h'ar itein p; sk. Is it an atmo.-
pheric effect, or the breath of a placid temper?
The later, I thought, when, a moment since, my
inkstand was overset, and the girl summoned to
repair tLe mischief, held up her hands, smiled, and
uttered, in a lute-like tone, a prolonged g-u-t!
(good !")
GERMAN CONTENTEDNESS.
"I leave this country with an interest, respect,
and attachment that I did not expect to feel for any
county after leaving Erigland. I rather think the
heart grows by travelling! I leel richer for the de-
lightlulrecollections I carry with me of the urba-
nity of the Germans. Never can I forget the
'Guten Tag,' -Guten Abend,' and 'Gute Nacht,
('good-day,' 'good-evening,' and 'good-night,')
murmured by the soft voices of the peasants from
under tleir drooping loads as we passed them in
our walks. Addison says that the general saluta-
tions of his type of all benignity, Sir Roger de Co-
verly, came from the overflowings of humanity,'
-so surely did these. On the whole, the Germans
seem to me the most rational people I have seen.
We never 'are,' but always 'to be blessed.' They
enjoy the present, and, with the truest economy of
human life, make the most of the materials of con-
tentment that God has given them. Is not this
better than vague, illimitable desires, and ever-
changing pursuits?"
TilE HISTORIAN SISMONDI.
"It was delightful to see the pleased interest with
which Sismondi listened to his wife's eulogium of
his countrywomen. He drew his chair nearer and
nearer, and when she ended, lie put his arm arotind
her, and said with that simplicity which in him is
such a grace, 'Je te remercie, mon reur.'
"Sismondi said the chief glory of Geneva re-
sulted from it having been the asylum of the op-
pressed from all parts of Europe. '1 can never
think without emotion,' he continued, 'of the band
of French Protestants who came here for refuge
His voice was choked; after a moment he added,
'when they reached the summit of Jura and saw
the lake and city before them, they all, with one
accord, fell on their knees and sang a psalm!' His
tears again interrupted him, and he apologized for
them, saying, 'Ce sont les hoses qui me meuvent
le plus;je ne peux jamais en parler.'* You have
an infallible test of the heart when you know what
does most move it. In this uncontrollable emotion,
Sismondi betrayed the unbounded love of freedom
and the deep love of his fellow-creatures that
breathe in all his words."
""Theseare the i[i i /tr,,..: .,t n....i move me; I can-
not speak of them.' li...uh ... *i -c i English perfectly
well, French is his i ,-.',", .,,.j, ih,, ..it his guard, he falls
into it."

NOTICE.-I am instructed by the honorable the
Circuit Court of the District of Columbia for
the county of Washington to advertise a fine Le-
pine Gold Watch, fKur holed jewelled, with gold
chain and key. This watch was found in pos-
session of a person who was arrested on the 4th
March last, at the President's House, as a pick-
pocket, and is supposed to have been stolen.
Should any one have lost such an article, they will
please apply at this office.
ALEXANDER HUNTER.
July 14-dtf


MAGNIFICENT SCHEME.
1 grand capital prize of 50,000 dollars.
1 splendid prize of 30,000 dollars.
1 do do 25,000 dollars.
1 do do 10,000 dollars.
1 prize of $8,000 10 prizes of $1,500
1 do 7,000 10 do 1,250
1 do 6,000 50 do 1,000
I do 5,000 50 do 500
1 do 4,000 50 do 400
1 do 2,500 100 do 300
1 do 2,311 1 100 do 250
4 prizes of 2,000 170 do 200
5 do 1,750 &c. &c. &e.
16 drawn numbers out of 78.
Tickets $20-shares in proportion.
Certificate of packages of 26 whole tickets $260
Do do of 26 half do 130
Do do of 26 quarter do 65
Do do of 26 eighth do 32 50
lE3Orders for tickets and shares and certificates
of packages in the above splendid schemes will re-
ceive the most prompt attention; .nd the drawing
of each lottery will be sent immediately after it is
over, to all who order from us. Address
J. G. GREGORY & Co. Managers.
July 30-1w Washington City, D. C.
I ALLAM'S INTRODUCTION 10 THE
I LItERATURE OF EUROPE in the fif-
teenth and sixteenth centuries. American edition,
2 volumes, just published and this day received by
May 8. F. TAYLOR,


PROSPECTUS.
The publishers of the Globe have recently given
to the country an exposition of the motives which
prompted the attempt by the Federal party to pros-
trate their establishment, by the lawless abrogation
of their contract as Printers to the Senate. They
showed that there were already six Federal
newspapers-to which a seventh ia about to
be added-published at Washington--.ull devoted
o the dissemination of Federal principles,
and the defence of Federal meastins. And
to make this overwhelming battery of Fede-
ral presses at the seat of Goveruniuent tell
with the more effect throughout the Union,
the character of the Globe was to be tar-
nished, its means impoverished, and its politi-
cal influence destroyed, by a sweeping denuncia-
tion of infamy on the part ot the Federal leaders in
the Senate-by throwing the dead weight of an ex-
penditure of $40,000 in preparation to do the Con-
gressional work, on the hands of its publishers, (the
printers whosecontract was violated,) and by having
his whole work of defamation and ruin accomplish-
ed by the judgment of the Senate of the Union to
give it the sanction of thehighest tribunal known
to our country. The work was done by a caucus
packed majority of Federaists, and the Editors of
the Globe are left to sustain their establishment by
the patronage they may receive from political friends
for the papers they publish. We will not ask or re-
ceive the sort of lumping contributions by which
the banks and Federal politicians sustain their
presses. We will abandon the publication of the
Globe, if it cannot be supported by the regular sub-
scription price of the paper. If such of our Demo-
cratic friends whose circumstances do not justify a
subscription to the daily or semi-weekly paper, will
patronize the cueaper publications issued by us-the
Extra Globe-the Congressional Globe, and the
Appendix-we shall be enabled to maintain,
as heretofore, our corps of Congressional Reporters
at the cost of $3,000 per annum, and to draw to
our aid some of the ablest pens in our country.
We trust, under these circumstances, and at a time
when the greatest interests of the country, and its
future destiny, are put at stake upon the events
with which the first year of the present Adminis-
tration is pregnant, that no individual who has
the cause of Democracy at heart, will hesitate
to meet this appeal, when at ths same time he
will feel assured that this trifling tax for his own
advantage, will sustain in triumph at Washington
the long-tried and faithful presto: of his party.
THE EXTRA GLOBE will be published weekly
for six months, commencing on Wednesday, the
19th May, and ending on the 19th November next,
making twenty-six numbers, the last o0 which will
contain an index. Each number will contain
sixteen royal quarto pages. It will contain princi-
pally political matter. The political aspect and
bearing of the measures before Congress during the
special session will be fullydeveloped, and when the
proceedings are considered of much interest to the
public, they will be given at length.
The CONGRESSIONAL GLOBE and AP-
PENDIX will begin with the extra session of Con-
gress, to commence on Monday, the 31st of May
next, and will be continued during the session.
The CONGRESSIONAL GLOBE will give an impartial
history of the proceedings of both Houses of Con-
gress; and the APPENDIX will contain all the
speeches on both sides of important subjects, at
full length, as written out, or revised, by the mem-
bers themselves. They will be printed as fast as
the business of the two Houses furnishes matter
for a number. It is certain that we will publish
more numbers of each that there will be weeks in
the session. They will be issued in the same form
as the Extra Globe, and a copious index to each.
Nothing but the proceedings and speeches of Con-
gress will be admitted into the Congressional Globe
or Appendix.
These works being printed in a suitable form for
binding, with copious indexes, will form a valua-
ble, indeed, a necessary, appendage to the library
of the statesman and politician, giving, as they do,
at an extremely moderate price, a complete epi-
tome of the political and legislative history of the
period.
Subscriptions for the EXTRA G LOBE should be
here by the 26th May, and for the CON oRESSIONAL
GLOBE and APPENDIX by the 6th June next, to in-
sure all the numbers.
TEams.
For 1 copy of the Extra Globe $1
6 copies do .
12 do do 10
"25 do do 20
And so on in proportion for a greater number.
For 1 copy of the Congressional Globe, or Appen-
dix 50 cents
6 copies of either s 50
"12 do do 5 00
25 do do .1000
And so on in proportion for a greater number.
Payments may be transmitted by mail, postage
paid, at our tisk. By the regulations of the Post
Office Department, postmasters are authorized to,,
frank letters containing money for subscriptions to
newspapers.
The notes of any bank, current in the section of
country where a subscriber resides, will be received
by us at par.
D32 No attention will be paid to any order U nless
the money accompanies it.
BLAIR & RIVES.
WASHINeTON CITY, April 20, 1841.
The Democratic papers wtt h which we exchange will
please copy ~e above.

KC7=We have printed surplus
copies of the Extra Globe and
the Congressional Globe and
appendixx, and can furnish
complete files of either, or all
of those papers, to all persons
who may subscribe at any
time during the Extra Session
of Congress.

MAGNIFICENT SCHEMES.
4 prizes of $25,000, amounting to $100,000,
For 25th September; and
$50,000-$30,000-$25,000, for 23d October.
J. G. GREGORY & CO. Manageet!'.
SPLENDID UNION LOTTERY, Clis 8, for
1841, to be drawn at Alexandria, l.). C.
on Saturday, Sept. 25.
BRILLIaNT SCHEME.
I prize of $25,000 dolls. '
1 do 25,000 dolls. [ 4 prizes of L.,., i dol-
1 do 25,000 dolls.[- lars, making 100,000
1 do 25,000 dolls. J dollars.
1 prize of $10,000 ] 4prizesof $2,000
1 of 8,000 50 of 1,000
1 of 6,000 50 of 500
1 of 5,000 I 50 of 200
2 of 4,000 100 of 200, &c.
14 drawn numbers out of 78
Tickets $15-Halves $7 50-Qtuarters $3 75-
Eighths $1 87.
Certificates of packages of 26 whole tickets, $200
Do do 26 half do 100
Do do 26 quarter do 50
Do eo 26 eighth do 25

$50,000-$30,000-$25,000.
On Saturday, Oct. 23,
THE GRAND UNION LOTTERY,
Class 9, for 1841,
Will be drawn at Alexandria, D. C.
16 drawn ballots.


appetite, and the patient isleft at liberty to indulge
it-indeed he is particularly requested to do so.
Tue use of this medicine will change the com-
plection from a pallid to a fine blooming one. Af-
ter using this Tincture ifor six weeks, a person of
any age may eat any thing that a child of ten
years of age, in full health, could eat, without the
least inconvenience.
Persons afflicted with any of the complaints
above enumerated, aie earnestly entreated not to
let the prejudice commonly entertained against a
new remedy, prevent them from realizing the bene-
fits to be derived Itrom its use. A single bottle,
which may be had for $1 50, will produce a con-
viction of its superior efficacy in the mind of the
most sceptical.
A large number of certificates from Lexington,
Kentucky, and many more, taken in Alexandria,
D. C. published in handbill form, all testifying its
efficacy, may be seen on application to the propri-
etor, at his office, east side 8th street, five doors
above Riley's corner, Pennsylvania Avenue,
Washington, D. C.
August 11-6m
ARGUMENT OF ROBEtT J. WALKER
before the Supreme Court of the United
States on the Mississippi slave question, involving
the power of Congress and of the States to prohi-
bit the inter-State slave trade, and ihe whole doc-
trine of illegal contracts.
For sale in pamphlet by F. TAYLOR.
July 12.











THE GLOHE.

CITY OF WASHINGTON.

WEDNESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 11, 1841.

CONGRESSIONAL ANALYSIS.

SENATE.
The business of the morning was opened by re-
fusing the ordinary courtesy of printing resolu-
tions of a meeting of citiz-ns of the Isle of Wight,
Virginia, in relation to the system of measures
which Mr. CLAY is striving to force through Con-
gress at this extra session, through gag laws, en-
forced under his management in the House, and
which, by indirection, he seeks to fix upon the Se-
nate. It will be seen, from the course which he
persists in giving to all the memorials sent in by
the people in opposition to his schemes, that he is
determined to put all remonstrances against his
measures upon a footing with abolition petitions,
consigning them to the table, and refusing to print.
We annex a sketch of this morning's proceedings
on this subject from our Reporter's notes.
Mr. CALHOUN presented a memorial and reso-
lutions adopted a few days since by a large and re-
spectable number of the citizens of the Isle of
Wight county, Virginia, at a meeting held in the
court house of the county. The memorial and re-
solutions are couched in most respectful terms, but
at the same time express in strong language the
opinions of the meeting, that the measures attempt-
ed to be forced upon the country at this extra ses-
sion, are not approved of by the great body of the
people of the United States. Much had been said
in praise of the hasty action of the other House,
designated so emphatically a "glorious" House, be-
cause of its precipitate action; but he, (Mr. CAL-
BOUN,) woulJ venture to say that never were mea
sures so repugnant to the great body of the people,
as those very measures for the hasty passage of
which that House had been so much lauded. The
people never could, he would unhesitatingly assert,
he brought to believe that a National BAnk-na-
tional debt-distribution-and high taxation, were
reasons for which their representatives would be
entitled to their thanks. Those who wanted such
measures might call it "glorious" legislation; but
the people never would approve of such measures.
He held that the people had a right to be heard,
and he would therefore content himself for the
present, in moving that the papers which he had
presented, be printed. He requested the Secreta-
ry of the Senate would have the goodness to read
them.
The Secretary of the Senate then read the memo-
rial and resolutions of which the following is an
abstract:
At a meeting of a large number of the citizens
of the Isle of Wight, JosriAH HOLLEMAN presided,
and W. H. JORDAN acted as Secretary. The
meeting was addressed by Colonel ARTHUR SMITH,
and by JOEL HOLLEMAN, esq. Resolutions were
adopted unanimously, that Congress has no power
to create a National Bank. That should Con-
gress pass a Bank or Fiscal Agent, it is the opi-
nion of the meeting the charter may be rightfully
repealed. That the distribution of the proceeds of
the public lands, with a deficiency in the Treasury,
and an assumption of the debts of the States, is in
violation of the rights of the States, and a dan-
gerous encroachment upon the liberties of the peo-
ple. Tnat Congress has no power to lay and col-
lect taxes, except to pay the debts of the General
Government, and to provide for the common de-
fence and general welfare, and has no power to
lay and collect taxes, &c. with a view to the pro-
tection of any interest, either manufacturing, com-
mercial or agricultural. That the donation made
to the widow of the late President of the United
States, was a palpable violation of the Constitu-
tion, and an unwarrantable waste of the public
money. That copies of these proc-edings be
forward to the Hon. JOHN C. CALHOUN and Hon.
THOMAs H. BENTON of the Senate, and Hon.
JOHN W. JONEzs of the House of Representatives,
with a request that they present them to the Con-
gress of the United States.
After they were read, Mr. CALHOUN renewed
his motion to print, and called for the yeas and
nays.
The question was accordingly put, and negatived
-yeas 19, nays 20, as follows:
YEAS-Messrs Allen, Benton, Buchanan,
Calhoun, Cuthbert, Fulton, King, Linn, MeRo-
berts, Mouton, Nicholson, Pierce, Smith of Con-
necticut, Sturgeon, Tappan, Walker, Williams,
Woodbury, and Wright-19.
NAYS-Messrs Bates, Bayard, Berrien, Choate,
Clay of Kentucky, Clayton, Dixon, Evans, Gra-
ham, Huntington, Miller, Morehead, Porter, Pres-
ton, Simmons, Smith of Indiana, Soumhard, Tall-
madge, White, and Woodbridge-20.
bir. CALHOUN said this was the first time he had
ever known so respectful and unexceptionable in
expression of the opinions of a large and respecta-
ble meeting, to be refused the usual courtesy of
being printed. It was the first time since the be-
ginning of this Government that a general gag sys-
tem was attempted to be extended to the exclusion
of public opinion. Here was the opinion of a
large and respectable public meeting shut out
from publicity, and from the common courtesy of
printing, by a bare majority in favor of this gag
system. Let it be told to the people that they are
no more to remonstrate; but will that effect the ob-
ject of the gentlemen? They may gag this
body, bat they cannot gag the people? Do the
gentleman think by silencing such memorials
and resolutions, they can escape public comment?
If they do, they deceive themselves: this is but the
mattering ot the thunder, and the gentlemen and
their measures will be swept before the coming
storm as the chaff before the whirlwind. With
these remarks for the present, he would now move
to lay the papers on the table.
Mr. BENTON requested Mr. CALtIOtM to with-
draw his motion to lay the proceedings on the
table for a moment, and Mr. CALHOUN withdrew
his motion.


Mr. BENTON then went on to say, that, having
conformed to the decision of the Senate in moving,
without debate, yesterday morning to take up the
Fauquier proceedings, he would Row take the op-
portunity to say something of those resolutions,
and the reasons which were urged for refusing to
print them. These reasons may be comprehended
under three heads: 1. That they related to subjects
which had passed by, and with which the Senator
had nothing further to do. 2. That they were dis-
respectful in their language. 3. And that they as-
serted the right of repeal in relation to the Fiscal
Bank. These were the objections; and to these I
answer, that the first and second objections are un-
founded in point of fact, and so shown to be by
the resolutions. One of them applies to this extra
session itself, the calling of which it condemns,
and I think most justly. The session still con-
tinues, and the resolution denies the wisdom
and economy of this session-condemns its
call, and its objects--and considers its existence
a public injury. In all this I cncur with the
meeting; and as the session still continues, this re-
solution, of course, applies to a measure which
has hot passed by; and, therefore, the objection to
it is tunfounded. Another resolution applies to the


nex tax hill-the tea tax bill-which it utterly and
most righteously condemns; and that bill is still
before us. A third measure to which the resolu-
tions apply, is the land distribution bill, and that
is still before us. They also apply to the Bank
bill which was still in the other House when the
resolutions were offered, and which may be before
the S--nate again. Thus, three of the subjects
mentioned in the resolutions, were, and are still
before us; a fourth was, and may be, before us;
and all of them were before as at the time the
meeting was held. The objections, then, which
applies to the past by, or gone by, character of
the measures is unfounded in point of fact.
With respect to the next objection, that the
resolutions were disrespectful, Mr. B. said that this
objection was one which was susceptible tcl a de-
cisive answer. The resolutions would speak for
themselves, and show their own character. They
had been read in this chamber, and seen to be per-
fectly respectful. They will be published, (I shall
make them an appendage to these remarks, and
for that purpose now ask the Secretary to give me
a copy of the paper,) and the public will judge.
The public can judge as well as we; and, to help
out their judgments, I shall merely refer them to
the character of the memorials and resolves sent to
this chamber by the Bank party during the panic
session, 'avishing every odious epithet on President
JACKSON and the Government; and the whole of
which were received here with so much honor,
commented upon with so much zeal, and printed
with so much haste, and now forming six volumes
of documents on our shelves. To the third objection,
no question of fact is raised. The fact is admitted.
Ote of the resolutions 'declares the repealability
of this Fiscal Bank, and the duty of Congress to
repeal it. This is admitted and justified. I say the
people have a right to ask for this repeal, and to
be respectfully treated when they do ask for it! It
is their right; and it is for themselves to assert that
right at home, and for their representatives to vin-
dicate it here. What! Do those who advocate
abolition petitions-who want them received and
respectfully considered-do they object to a repeal
petition as disrespectful? If so, let the people know
it. The Fauquier memorial has been refused
a printing by this body, for reasons, not one of
which have any foundation in fact, except that
which relates to the repeal. That is proof that the
paper is thus treated because the word repeal is
in it.
The next movement made by Mr. CLAY, was
one upon the PRESIDENT. The land bill was the
unfinished business of yesterday, and at the stage
of amendment in Committee of the Whole. Mr.
CLAY moved to lay it on th3 table, and take up the
bill repealing the Independent Treasury. The mo-
tive for this sudden move was apparent. Mr.
CALHOuN at once openly exposed it. He charac-
terized it as aa indelicate and indecent attempt to
forestall the decision of the Executive in relation
to the Bank bill. If he signed the Bank bill, the
repeal of the Independent Treasury law was use-
less. If the Bank charter were vetoed, the re-
peal was only intended to embarrass, by throwing
the Treasury on the Execative, under circum-
stances which those who were now contriving to
effect that object, had clamored against for years.
After a discussion of an hour or two, Mr. CLAY of
Kentucky effected his object. The bill, as amend-
ed, was adopted, and sent back to the House for
final action; and in leis than half an hour ushered
into the Senae by the C!erk' of th, House for the
signature of the Presiditt oF te Sn-iate; and then
doubtless was sent under whip to President ITLER.
The consideration of the distribution bill was
then resumed.
The land distribution bill was urged after the
repeal of the Sub-Treasury. As in the case of
the National Bank, the bill seems to have passed
in caucus, with an understanding, that no essential
amendment should be allowed-propositions of
Western growth have been suce-sssively re-
jected by the votes of members from the
West, and who have hitherto, in accordance
with the will of their constituents, supported
them. Such is the force of the caucus partydrill
over principle and the interests of the people. The
votes on various amendments offered, exhibit a
perfect revolution (not in the sentiments of Western
members, for they declared they were unchanged)
but in their course of action ia regard to measures,
which all from the new States have been hitherto
almost unanimous in supporting without regard to
party. We give some instances.
Mr. McRoBERTs of Illinois moved to strike out
that portion of the bill which denied pre-emption
rights to actual settlers on the public lands before
the surveys were made, We believe there never
was a pre- option bill from which the remotest
occupants-those who had gone farthest in the wil-
derness-were excluded. Both the Senators from
Illinois said that there were organized counties in
that State, in which there were mire than a thou-
sand settlers, and instances of improvements oca
single farms, consisting of mill, and other c-r'tt
edifices, worth more than $10,000; and yet by
this bill, assuming to be a permanent pre-emption
bill, it is refused to protect such industrious and
meritorious settlers in their homes, because the
lands are not surveyed. Such an exclusion, we
believe, was never made before; and yet Mr.
SMITn of Indiana, chairman of the committee, who
has, we think, voted for pre-emptive rights, and
Mr. WooDBRInum, from Michigan, and Mr. HEN-
SEaSON, from Mississippi, voted against this amend-
ment in favor of emigrants, and defeated it. The
vote of either of them would have carried it-it
stood 23 for the amendment, 24 against it.
Mr. YouNa then moved to strike out the clause
excluding alien emigrants from pre-emption rights
under the bill; and this, also, was defeated by the
votes of Messrs. HENDERSON, PORTER, SMITH of
Indiana, and WOODatuonE, from the new States.
But the most important amendment, as it regards
the growth and improvement of the new States,
was that of Mr. Youso, proposing the introduction
of the graduation system, cheapening the price of
the refuse lands. This proposition, which has uni-
formly received the support of all representing the
new States, was rejected by the following vote:
ayes 18, noes 27.


The amendment of Mr. YOUNa giving to the
States the right to tax the public lands within their
limits, was advocated by Mr. MCRoBERTS, and op-
posed by Messrs. SMITH of Indiana and WHITE,
and was negatived-ayes 18, noes 22.
Mr. LINN then offered his amendment to appro-
priate the proceeds of the sales of the public lands
to the national defence. In support of this amend-
ment, Mr. L. addressed the Senate for about an
hour in a speech replete with patriotic sentiments,
clothed in beautiful and appropriate language.
When he had concluded, Mr. KINO expressed his
sense of the importance of this amendment, and his
desire to address the Senate upon it, but he would
forego this desire, if it was the wish of gentlemen
on the opposite side to tate the vote on ordering
the bill to a third reading this evening.
Mr. SMITH of Itdiana declined this proposition.
Mr. KiNsO said the Democratic Senators had ex-
pressed their willingness, for the purpose of expe-
diting the public business, to take the vote without
further debate; but if gentlemen on Lhe other side
would not consent to this, he wished to submit his
views on the amendment now before the Senate,


and for that purpose, as it was late, he would move No quorum being present, a call of the House
an adjournment. The motion for adjournment, was moved and dented by-yeas 62, nays 73.
S u tn A quorum being present,
however, was withdrawn, and the Senate went Mr. BARNARD renewed his motion, but,
into Executive session. The SPEAKER wished him to suspend a moment
to allow him to present a communication from the
The following are the proceedings referred to in Postmaster General in relation to the expenditures
the remarks of Mr. BENTON: upon the new Post Office building.
At a large and respectable meeting of the Demo- Mr. HOPKINS moved that the communication of
the Postmaster General be laid on the table, and
cratic party of the county of Fauquier, Va. at the te H aid o he taw
court-house, on Monday, the 26th of July, 1841, plated. Mr. H. said that he had bu a word to
say at present in relation to this communication.
according to previous public notice, Dr. PtHILIP A. Te Postmaster General says that the appropria-
KLIPSTINE was called to the chair, and Major J. tin for the new Pest Office building for the present
HOWAaD WITHERS appointed Secretary; after the
President had called the meeting to order CHARLES year was $100,000 only, and not $.125.000, as sta-
President had called the meeting to order, CHARLES ted in the resolution adopted by the House calling
CntLToN esq. explained the object of the meeting, e'lh!souonapedyteHoeclig
CILOand before he took his seathe objfferedt of the meetfollowing on him for the unexpended balance. This might be
and before he took his seat, offered the following trur- but if it was,Do.N.4,bigams
preamble and resolutions, which, after some discus- traef brt if t was, Doc. No. 44, being a mes-
sion, wete adopted by the meeting. sage from the President transmitting a communi-
ion wee adpte bythe eetng.cation from the Postmaster General, a 1-4-, f..r E
WHEREAS it is one of the blessed privileges of the further appo rothe Postmasteion for omplGeneral, .t u f.tl -
Americ-an people to assemble on all proper occa andenclosures, of$100,000,was false; for it appeair-
sions in primary meetings, and confer and inter- ed frm that document, which he now had eore
change their sentiments on all subjects touching ehim fthat the appropriaument, which he now had bere$125,000
the public welfare which may be brought Both communications came from the Post-
before Congress; and expre-s, by resolu- matter General, rcd it wai no business o his to
tions or otherwise, their -entiments in re- reconcile the discrepancy between them.
gard to such public measures. And whereas The SPEAKERalso presented papers in the ease
it is the bounden duty of the representatives of of the contested election of Hon. L. BANKS of Vr-
the people, in every Republican Government, gotinia: referred.
which has for its object the preservation of the M FILLMORE, from the Committee of Ways and
rights ot the citizen, "the greatest good to the Means, reported a bill making appropriations for
greatestt number," and the permanence of her in. ren o red a bl makn apo prnitatin for
stitutions, always to consult the will of the people ftfias, sent fromferred to the Committenate ofwithe Wholamnd.
they represent, and carry it out, so that the acts of ouse on the state ofthe Union.
the legislature may go down to posterity, as the acts The motion of Mr. BARNAaD was carried, and
of the people themselves through their representa- the House went into Committee of the Whole-
tives. And whereas there are subjects of the most Mr. TILLINOHAST of Rhode Island in the Chair,
vilal importance to Virginia and the entire South, and took up the
now under discussion in the Congress of the United BANKRUPT BILL.
States, subjects involving Virginia's dearest and Mr. FESSENDEN of Maine having the floor froL.
best interests, and her fixed and unalterable rights lastevning, proe eded to defendhe bil[ from the
under the Constitution-rights which she holds cuing, proceeded to defend'the bill from the
various objections raised against it, and was un-
dear and sac ed for whilst they preserve her from derstood to point out a better way to regulate cor-
anarchy and confusion on the one side, they pro- portions, and that was to include them in a sepa-
tect her from tyranny and oppression en the other, rate bill.
Therefore, resolved, That we believe the extra Mr. LItr of New York followed in support of
session of Congress now in progress, unnecessary, the principles of the bill, but considered that the
uncalled for by the people, a wasteful expenditure bill itself might be amended in certain particulars.
of the people's money, and can be productive of no Mr. PENDLETON Of Ohio went in favor of the
beneficial end; because the fiscal concerns of the bill as it was eLported
Government were not in such a situation as to re- [AMessage from the Senate was received, stat-
quire the intervention of C ,.rr .., as is shown by ing that hey had concurred with the House in its
the dissected report of the Secretary of the Trea- amendments to the bill to ncurrepeald with the House in itsury
sury; and because there was nothing else which re- act.]
quired the action of Congress uniil its regular scs- act .] 1,
sqoired the action of Congress until n regular se- The bill was enrolled and signed by the Speaker
Resolved, That the question of a National Bank, shortly afterwards.
Mr. TRUMBULL of Connecticut went in favor
now before Congress, is a measure to which the of the bill with amendments, but he opposed in-
Democratic party of this portion of our Union is l wh s, but he opposed in-
chtdmng State corporations in the law, as proposed
very much opposed: because it was a question not ldiMg State corporations in the law as proposed
put in issue as the antagonist measure to the In- bymas at present, he did not see how heeo said as it
dendent Treasury in the late Presidential contest, for it. p he dd not see how e could go
but was studiously kept from the people by the Mr. UNDERWOOD of Kentucky said unless the
party now in power, and consequently was not de- bill was amended, he should vote against it. He
cided by the result. And because the people, was not opposed to the bankrupt principle, but op
when the question was last before them in a tangi- was not pp s o the bankrupt principle, but op-
ble form, condemned it by an overwhelming ma posed to the details of the bill.
ble forimy, acnd their lait by judgment must be trwhelming mad- Mr. PAYNE of Alabama followed in opposition
majority, andtil t their last judgment must reverse their jdgt. to the bill, but stated that he was not opposed to a
merit until they themselves reverse it. bniotlwpoel rw p ehda
Resolved, That in the opinion of this meeting, bankrupt law properly drawn up. He had an
Congress has no power under the Constitution to amendment to offer to the 4th section.
incorporate a Bank for the United States, either Mr. MOORE of Louisiana followed in favor of
under the disguised and deceptive name of "Fiscal the bill. He suggested amendments, however.
Agent," or any other name, which shall have for The committee, at forty minutes past 2, rose, and
its object the regulation of the currency of the na- thereupon the House adjourned.
tion, or to make any other national currency than MEXICAN COMMISSION.
gold and silver, whether the mother Banik shall be
established in the District of Columbia, or else- In justice to the Board, we copy the following
where, from the New York Express. The writer refers to
Resolved, That we believe a National Bank is the mistakes made by Mr. PRESTON on referring the
contrary to public policy, opposed to the best inte- report. It is prope also to say that Mr. P. has
rests of the States, and subversive of the liberty of -
the citizen; that it has a tendency to make the G4- since corrected some of them; but his corrections
vernment more powerful than was intended by the have not been reported:
Constitution, increase Executive patronage, en- MEXICAN COMMISSION IN SESSION AT
rich the few tout of the earnings of the many, WASHINGTON.
poison and corrupt the public pr, -, and exercise a In reply to certain inquiries touching the pro-
fearful and dangerous influence over the statesmen grees of the Commission in session at Wa tLe,.il,
of our country. That it will exercise an unconsti- we have the following information, w:,i h .. ,-l I.
tutional influence over all State institutions, and, read w'th interest by those having claims against
by its expansions and contractions,operate as a great the Mexican Government:
lever on the whole Union, at its pleasure, humbling Tithe Ee.tors of the .New York Express:
the States in the West, by crippling and command- WASHINGTON July 21, 1841.
ing th eir resources; or <.,nc..^ a6,,, and pushing \ W ASHIN TON J uly 21, 1841.
ing their resources; ori rw-i-dra.z and un l pushing It oay be proper to correct some errors in ela-
them forward in wild and unnatural speculations, lion to the situation and proceedings of the Comn-
by overflowing them with a redundant issue of mission now sitting in this city, to adjust the
bank paper. claims of our citizens upon Mexieq. Oa a call
Resolved, That we most earnestly protest and from the Senate, a report was made to that body,
remonstrate against the incorporation of a but it was one prepare in the month of May, and
National Bank of any description whatever, a vast amount of business had been transacted be-
whether it be called "Fiscal Agent" or Treasury tween the late of the report and the time when in-
Bank, or by any other name, or whether it shall be formation was asked. Besides, Mr. Preston pro-
located at the seat of Government, or elsewhere. baby did not examine ,tt,'e report very carefully,
Reslved, That should such an institution be es- ^ ^ dhf^ p^vt "y
Resolved, That should such an institution be es- or confounded the facts in it with statements from
lablished by the present Congress, or by any other other quarters, which are, to say the lemst of tb--t,
Cot--re-s, believing it, as we do, unconstitutional, very erroneous. He was mistaken in saying the
and the deadly enemy of public liberty, that we btard was now adjourned, waiting for the action
now pledge ourselves, regarding it as our common of the umpire, &c. The board has been continu-
enemy, to wage an unceasing and deadly war ally in session since December last-and the um-
against it, armed with the sword of popular will, pire has not been the occasion for the lea-i delay.
until we effect its repeal. i t m tideed, he has acted promptly in the cases which
Resolved, That in the opinion of this meeting, ave gone to him. He has not now a case in his
Congress has full power, under the Consttutiont, hands, unless it may be two or three which have
to repeal any law, if the repeal of that law is ne- been sent to him within a few days past. The
cessary to establish justice, promote the general claimants have been dilatory in preparing their
welfare, and to secure the blessings ,of liberty toetcases There is doubtless some excuse fr this,
ourselves and our posterity, that the repeal of the for the cases are mostly very difficult, involving an
Bank bill would be no violation of "public faith" investigation into the judicial proceedings of the tri-
and "national credit." Because there would be burials of Mexico-which are complex and voltu-
no public faith and national credit in the obser- minous. In case of a deficiency of proof, the
nation by Government ot a contract, that would evidenceor documents which are wanted, must be
impoverish and enslave the majority Ior the bene- generally obtained in that country. Instead of the
fit of the minority, and if we are not entitled to the tc mmts ion having done little or nothing, as Mr.
remedy of repeal, then the Government may ,ell Preston represents, it has been the most laborious
the people, and posterity cannot dsutcrb the sale. board that ever sat int this country; and, consider-
Resolved, That we most earnestly protest ing ihe tte it has heldits sessions, and its peculiar
and remonstrate against the passage orf any composition-being a mixed board-it has de-
law by Congress, that .hall have for it s patched more business than any p ase. d -2one.
object the distibution of the proceeds of lthe May 1ave inferred fromSenator r e-
public lands among the States; because we be m rks, that it had done almost nothing, and that it
lieve tha. Congress has Do power to collect mwas now at a stand. So far from such being the
mouey from any source, for any purpos.c, excpt P aIc, it has made and executed under hands and
for the support of Governmeun, arid the detence of' ea0 of the Commissioners, awards to the amount
the Union; and because the land proposed to he upwards of onemillion one hundred thousand dol
.1. -m.,,,. ., has cost the Government much more lars aboni live hundred thousand of which were
tian I,'. been received for it; and because by awarded to the claimants between the date of the
taking from the Government the only certain *^1t h camnsbten h aeo h
takig ion te Gverimen theonl cerainreport commented on by Mr. Preston and the time
source of revenue, it would be compelled to re- when he introduced his resolution calling for inform
sort to an increase of the tariff or direct taxation, nation on the subject. Tue document commented
both of which would be great evil ; and because
the whole scheme is intended as a tax by th' Ge- upon is referred to the Committee on Foreign Re-
lations, and it is probable that their report will
neral G overnm ent, w which the people w ill pay to dis c orr et his a pprehensiob se
charge the liability of the States to British bankers. Soeot his m isap ntsaionis.
Resolwd,~~~ ~~~ Thtw uteansl rt..*.; onte of the claitatis are taking very unfair
Resolved, That we me-st earnestly proth. .,;ai-t means to create a prejudice against the Commis-
the passage of any law by Congress ha- .- smoners Iron Mexico. It is true, I believe, they
its object an increase of the TaatR 13 r,,, ii ,1 so me p euia not i s t b e tie theh
woul-I be a breach of the faith of the Union ousine pedlar notions about cndcfting the
under the compron,ise act, and in our opinion busoess before the board; in consequence of which
directly opposed to the Consoitu ion of the Unitedpart of the
diretlyoppsedto te Cnstto on o th Untedpioceedmugs, and ihey often differ in opinion with
States; and because it would produce dissension the Am rcanu Commissioners, but they have been
and di-satisfaction in the South, and widen the
breach between the North and South in feeling vecyu t ,..t,,.b.y assailed. They are genleom en
and interest, because lhme S ,uth would pay it an- I ?*"* *I i-*:--'"* a rspec~abihity. So far front oh-
ijthe Nrth would et t n ecttiig to allowance in a.y of the cases, many of
thered, o mn wouloe t ent p them have been decided without a reference to tlht
Resolved, That we mos t earnes tl" protest '. -a umpire, and others have been sent to him on ques-
the creation of a NATIOBAr, DENT, because it would "P'.11olesavbenettohmnqu-
the teaminof NATOISL msTbecase t wuldtiotis otily relating to interest, 01 expenses, or nit.
destroy our noble pride of glorious independence nmor icus of damage. It is probable that all the
as a nation by clogging the Government and de ases
straying it-s i,.ai,i.,as the lion, burdened like the cognizable before the board will be disposed
stroing ts a :.,as te lin, urdeed ike heif before the time fixed for its termination, it they
ass, soon would become dull and cowardly, and are duly prepared, and a seasonable retrieve is
because a national debt is the favorite of tyrants made to the requisitions which have been sent to
only. -c o
Resolved, That our thanks be tendered to the Mexico for proofs and documents.
Democratic members in both Houses of Congress Among o'her beautiful rules adopted by the
for the high, manly, and dignified manner in which 'Reform." House of Representatives, is one which
they have defended the rights of the people at the prevents the members from calling the yeas and


r extra session o. u.. nsg..... nays upon any amendments which mayIbeo sffer-
Resolved, That a copy of the proceedings of this edto a bill, and well it is for many of the members
meeting be transmitted to the Hon. John W. Jones that this rule has been adopted. We venture the
of the House of Representatives, in order that they osertion that four-fifths of them would never dare
may be laid before that body, and that acopy also be to record their votes in favor ofpropositions, which
transmitted to the Hon. Thomas H. Benton, in they now pass without hesitation, in consequence
order that .hey be laid before the Senate of the of the adoption of this rule. So far as people at a
United States. distance are concerned, Congress might as well
Resolved, That our proceedings be published in hold a secret session, for the constittients of the
the Warrenton Jeffersonian, the Richmond En- members are kept totally ignorant of how their
quirer, and the Globe. Representatives vote on questions vitally affecting
On motion the meeting then adjourned sine die their interests, and we have not sufficient confi-
(Signed,) PHILIP A. KLIPSTINE, dence in the honesty of lhe Whig members to be-
J. HOWARn WITHERS, President. live that they would acknowledge at home having
Secretary. given a vote which they found to be unpopular.

THE HOUSE. [Pennsylvanian.
Mr. MALLORY of Virginia presented the pro- GOOD SEcURiTY.-The Illinois State Register
ceedingsofa public meeting held at Portmoubh, says, that the assessed value of the property of
Virginia, remonstrating against the passage of a the persons who have gone security for Mr. Garn-
bill to establish a National Bank, and against the sy, the receiver of the public money atDixon, I li-
distribution of the nett proceeds of the public lands, nois, is between 5,000 and 6,000 dollars. The
Mr. M. said he had voted against those measures bond is for 150,000. The receipts of the office from
agreeably to instructions from his constituents, 5 000 to 10,000 dolla-rs per week.
and had !ought frequently an opportunity to ad-
dress the committee upon the subjecisbefore it. BEAUTIES OF THE SYSTEM.-Mr. Clay of Ala-
Mr. M was called to order, bama, in a speech in the United States Senate the
He sail he was opposed to the adoption of any other day, said he had known an instance where
thing presented at this ses-ion. He asked no odds ilhe.directurs or a bank, with a capital of two mil-
of any one, and therefore moved to lay the pro- lions of dollars, had loaned themselves, their rela-
c,-edings ut-on the table and print them. tions, and those connected with them in business,
Mr. BARNARD of New York moved to go into to the amount of $2,800,000-about $800,000 more
Committee of the Whole upon the bankrupt bill. than the capital actually paid in!


WESTERN ELECTIONS.
The election news from the West shows a strong
reaction in prominent places in fav ir of the De-
mocracy.
Mr. CLAY'S own county, it will be perceived by
a letter from a correspondent of unquestionable
character, has thrown off his yoke.
The brave veteran, Colonel JoHNSON, has, we
understand, carried his county by an unprecedented
majority.
The letter from Indianapolis speaks well for the
Democracy of the Hoosier State, which was al-
ways on the high road to prosperity under Demo-
cratic auspices, and would never have been em-
barrassed but for Federal counsels.

KENTUCKY.
Extract from a letter dated
LEXINGTON, August 4, 1841.
DEAR SIR: I cannot give you the vote of the
county, but Wicklffe has beat Clay about 100
votes. This settles the dictation question of the
Hon. H. CLAY in Fayette county, ft.r the rest of
his life time. He may direct the affairs of the
Government at Washington, as he did under the
younger Adams, but he can no longer dictate to
the people of his own county. Judging from the
violence and expense of conducting an election in
Kentucky, and the accounts of similar doings in
England, there is very little left for us to boast of.
If we had such doings in the Presidential electi us
of 1840, what is it we may not expect by 1844,
with the United States Bank of thirty millions? I
fear it is too late to correct the great inichief pro-
duced by the demoralizing acts of the Whigs in
1840, to be overcome so long as they have the
funds of the United Slates Bank at command. It
is true there are few such men as Biddle, but if
the warnings of Generrl Jackson ten years ago,
were not sufficient to open the eyes of the na-
tion, what may we not look for under a president
and directory more cautious? The open profli-
gacy exposed by the Clayton Committee, ought to
have settled that question, but the people refused
to hear any thing until Mr. Biddle came otn
himself in 1841, with his letters confessing and
justifying every thing.
Yours, &c.
P. S. I have opened my letter to say that the
election is closed-Wickliffe and McCann are
elected on the Wickliffe ticket, and R. S. Tood,
President of the Bank of Kentucky, is also elected,
beating C. M. Clay, who was the fourth on the
list.
INDIANA.
From the State Sentinel of August 5.
It will be seen that one Democrat, Wm. J.
Brown, esq. has been elected to the Legislature,
and one Whig. Although the local offices are
filled by Whigs, they are of the independent and
moderate class, and were elected in opposition to
the regular nominated Whig ticket.
From the following counties we have received
information as follows, and which, doubtless, may
be relied on as correct:
SENATORS.
MoRoAN-Parmenter M. Parks, [demn. elected.
RosH-Benj. F. Reeve, whig, elected.
WAYNE-David Hoover, deam. and Lewis Burk,
whig, elect-ed.
MADISON and HANcocK-Thomas D. Walpole,
whig, elected.
RipLEYv-Wm. S. T. Cornet, Whig, elected.
REPRESENTATIVES.
MARION-Israel Harding, whig, and Win. J.
Brown, dem.
DEARBORN-Ethan Allen Brown, James P. M;l-
likin, and James Hand, all dem.
WAYNE-Daniel Stratton, Caleb Lewis and
Win. Foulk, all whigs.
UNioN-Jeremiah L. Williamson and Daniel
Ogden, whips.
HENRY-Joel Reed and Robert M. Cooper,
whigs.
MnIsorN-Thomas MeAlister, dem.
SHELBY-John Hendricks, dem.
DECATUR-James. Saunders, whig.
RiPLEY-Henry S. Bowers, whig.
JOHNSON-James Ritchey, dem.
BARTHOLOMEW-Tunis CQick, whig.
MONROE-Willis A. Gorman, dem.
MoR1Ans-Francis A. Matheny, dem.
HESNDIcOKs-Wmn. Townsend, whig.
PUTNAM,-George Pearcy, jr. and Alfred Hutton,
democrats.
Vmao-Wm. Wines, dem. and John Hodges,
whig
BooN-John Chrisman, dem.
CLINTON-Martin Z. Taylor, dem.
CARROLL-A. F. Robinson, dem.
FouNTAIN-Edward A. Hannegan, dem.
SULLIVAN.-From this county we have a rumor
that John W. Davis aad Justin Davis, both demo-
crats, are elected.
Ksox.-It is reported that John Myers, dem.
has beaten Samuel Judah, whig; but little confi-
dence can be placed in the report.
CLAY.-A gentleman just arrived informs us
that so far as he could learn, when passing through
the county, Jrhn B. Nees, dem. was supposed to
be elected.
HANCOCK.-Roport says that Chapman and Fos-
ter, democrats, are elected.
Additional returns shall be given as fast as re-
ceived.
From the Cincinnati Enquirer, Aug. 5.
The Democrats are successful by a greatly in-
crea.scd majority in Dearborn county. Ethan A.
BroA'n, formerly Governor of this State, is elected
to the Legislature by about 600 majority.
Franklin county, which gave General Harrison
near 100 majority, has elected the entire Democra-
tic ticket, by an average majority of 200. The
Whigs have succeeded in Switzerland county.
Extract from a letter, dated
INDIANAPOLIS, August 5, 1841.
So lar I have but the best of news (or you. We
have, in this region of the State, elected seventeen
Democrats, seven Whigs, and gained two Sena-
tors. Reports from all quarters are highly encou-
raging. In fact, the revolution is as disastrous
this year to Whrgery as it was last year to us.
All thi.;, the people have seen of their ou'nfree will;
no one has led them to battle. We shall, beyond
doubt, astonish all our friends; but the Hoosiers
are naturally Democratic.
1 will write you again in a day or two.
ALABAMA.
From the Mobile Register, August 3.
DEMOCRATIC VICTORY.
We have the |pleasure of announcing to our
friends abroad, that our election yesterday termi-
nated successfully to the Democratic party in this
county.
We have elected T. L. Toulmin, diem. Senator,
50 mij. and B. MeAlpin and John B. Hogan, Re-
presentatives. The Democratic party ran three
and lost one-the Whigs ran a lull ticket of four
and lost two. C. C. Langdon, T. -McG. Prince,
and Joseph Bates, whigs, are beaten.
I. H. Irwin and R. C. MeAlpin, whigs, are elect-
ed.
Gloty enough for one day. Our friends did
their duty nobly at the polls; and with a large
majority against them last year, and patronage of
the city and county to contend with, they are per-
fectly satisfied.
No time for official returns to-day, before the
closing of the mail.


C CONGRESS KNIVES.-W. FISCHER, im-
porter and dealer in Fancy and Staple Sta-
tionery, has jus received by the hip "Roscius,
direct from the celebrated Manufactures, Messrs.
Joseph Rodgers and Sons, fity dozen of their very
best Congress Knives in stag and earl handles.
Also, a good assortment ot sportsman's Wharnm-
cliff, and other pocket and pen Knires, Erasers,
Razors, Scissors, and Razor Strops; all of which
will be sold at Stationers' Hall, at reasonable and
uniform prices. July 8-3w2aw
E NGLISH BOOKS, imported by the Great
Western on her last voyage, by F. TAY-
LOKt. This day opened a large collection, packed
in London on the 22d May, embracing all that is
new, and many others thai have obtained a repu-
tatiin for value on the subjects of Geology and
Mintierology, Political Economy, History, Naval
and Military Science and Service; Illustrated
Books, Fine editions of Standard Authors, &c. &c
All of them for sa!e at prices as low, in every
cise, in some cases lower, than they can be found
elsewhere in the United States.
July 27
IWOOD.-SHAW & DAY, corner of 14th
and Canal streets, are receiving weekly
fi fteen to twenty cords Baker's Pine, which will be
sold low. June 30
T HE TATTLER AND GUARDIAN.-The
'L two complete in one octavo volume of 700
pages, handsomely printed and neatly bound
Price $175. Fox sale by F. TAYLOR.


SUMMARY'
From the Savannah Republican of August 7
GLORIOUS NEWS FROM FLORIDA.
CO-A.COO CHEE'S WHOLE BAND IN-CLOSE OF TILE
FLORIDA WAR.
By the Usited States steamer Gen. Taylor,
Peck, arrived here yesterday, we have the gratily-
ing intel igence from Florida that ihe war, for the
ninety-ninth time, may now be considered as at an
end. Wild-Cat's whole band, men, women, chil-
dren, and negroes, 160 in all, have come in at
Tampa, and 40 more Indians of another band were
on their way, and were expected a. Ta npa in two
dajs. A gentleman who came on i 1 the Gen.
Taylor, says that he does not think another rifle
will be fired by the enemy.
When Co-a coo-chee's family came in, Col.
Worth told him that he might go on shore from the
schooner whete he was confined and see them.
He refused to go, saying that though he was anx-
ious to see his family, he would not permit them to
see him in irons. The Colonel finally consented to
let him go on shore without his shackles, and after
a warm greeting with hi. family, he dined with the
Colonel, and then returned on board the schooner,
As soon as his irons were replaced, he told Col.
Worth that he had but one request more to make,
and that was, to allow him and his people to go West
as soon as ; ssible!
THE GAG RULE.-The New York American says
that Mr. Sergeant made a complete argument on
ihe Bank question in one hour, and that this proves
the excellence of the gag rule, for which, it is ot-
served, Mr. Sergeant voted.
Lest winter Mr. F.cteint. we understand, con-
sumed three or foar days in arguingasingle cause,
(that of Jones and Dunn,) before our Supreme
Court, and all the other lawyers in the ease occu-
pied from two to three weeks, in consequence of
which a great number of eases were left unargued.
Mr. Sergeant P'so consumed, we think, some seven
hours in our Sta convention, in arguing a single
cause of the Constitution in relation to corpora-
tions.
We should suppose that the people of the whole
United States were as important as Messrs. Jones
and Dtmnn; and that the Bank question, involving
constitutionality and expediency, required as long
for two hundred and forty men to ,'-cuss, as a sin-
gle suit did for four men to discuss, yet Mr. Ser-
geant voted to take the Bank bi'l out of Committee
of the Whole in fiveIdays.-Pennsylvanian.
THE FISCAL AGENT.-The Charleston Mercury
has a hard hit at the Whigs, in reference to their
doctrine that Con-'ress can make a Bank constitu-
tional by deciding that it is necessary and pro-
per." Of course if one Congress can make it con-
stitutional by declaring it necessary and proper, a
subsequent one can make it unconstitutional by de-
claring it unnecessary and improper. Therefore,
upon their own doctrine, if the Bank be constitu-
tional while the Congress is Whig, it will become
unconstitutional when a Democratic Republican
Congress shall be elected.
LETTERS FROM AnBROAD TO KINDRED AT HOME.-
If I have felt painfully that the men and women vf
what is called good society" in America are
interior in high cultivation, in the art of conversa-
tion, and in accomplishments, to a corresponding
class heie, I have felt quile assured that the mil-
lion" with us occupy a level they can never
reach in England, do what they will with penny
i,. ,=-.t and diffusive .publications, while each
class has its stall into which it is driven by the ty-
ranny of an artificially constructed society.-Miss
Sedgiwick.
HON. MR. ATHERTON OF NEW HAMPSHIRnE-
The New Hampshire Patriot speaks in deserved
terms of commendation of thii gentleman's reply
to Mr. Fillniore, while the Revenue bill was under
consideration. The "Patriot says:
"Mr. Ather'on answered him in a most trium-
phant manner, putting to flight his fictions and his
perversions. In point of logical argument, correct
and sear-hing analysis, and simple but powerful
presentation of the t;iuthi, where it has been enve-
loped in misrepresentation, Mr. Athertoni has but
few superiors in the House. In tha first place he
showed the gross injustice of Mr. Fillmore's at-
tempit to ground the extravagance of the present
Aihninisirtlion upon -h-.' i extravagance of
tie last. In the second placid h, showed that the
present receipts of the Treasury are sufficient for
an economical administration of the Uovernment.
And in the third place he showed that the present
receipts are more than the amount, which the Fe-
deralists previous to the last elections said the Go-
vernment ought to expend-$13,000,000. He then
laid bare the design of taxing the people to the ex-
tent of about $13,000 000 annually more than
w-uld have been done by the late Administration,
had it been kept in poit-ir "
EFFECTS OF SPECULATION.-We insert the fol-
lowing account of a couple of instances of dis-
tress, arising out of this cause, taken from an arti-
cle in Bicknell's Reporter, on the depreciation of
the value of stock in Philadelphia:
"A gentleman but a few hours since, stepped
into our office, who three years ago, had a fortune
of nearly $100,000, and an income of $7,000 a
year. He has now but barely the means of sub-
sistence. His funds were unfortunately invested
in the stocks that are the most depreciated Anon
other still more painful instance has come to our
knowledge, in the case of a gentleman who four
years ago was supposed to be worth nearly half a
million of dollars. He lived in the most expen-
sive style, and br, usht up his children according-
ly. But he bee..me touched with the mania of
speculation, and invested largely in Western and
Southwestern stock. Ruin came upon him like
an avalanche. He staggered before such unex-
pected adversity and comparative poverty, and is
believed to have died of a broken heart."
EXPLORING EXPEDITION.-iTue correspondent of
the Baltimore Republican, under date of Valpa-
raiso de Chlili, 5th April, says: Our last advices
from tite Saedwich Islands, by a vessel arrived at
this port a f-w days ego, left the United States
Exploring Squadron there, ii, i-m r,- a cruise to
the Columbia river and the N-. -hie'il coas,; from
hence it is expec' I they will again proceed to-
wards the South Pole, and retrn home by way of
the Cape of Good Hope.
There are tour or five American vessels now
lyitg in this harbor, and the commerce of the port
as well as the improvement of the city, ase in a
more flourishing condition than any other place
on the Pacific coast.
THE PEOPLE ARUUSED !--The hot hot haste and
indecent prec pitation of the Wuigs in forcing their
obnoxious and misehievious measures before Con-
gress, by the aid of the one hour Shrewsbury clock
gag law; the gag law upon all amendments wit,-
out debate; the rushing out of the C inmittee of
the Whole, alter a very restricted debate, and the
previous question in the H- use, are rousing the in-
dignation and energies of a free people. Take
the bank bill alone as an illustration. Here is a
measure of unparalleled importance, which has
excited the feelings of the country for 50 years,
(since 1791.) and now preseuiing itself under new
modifications and an extraordinary phasis; the
soul too of that immense batch of measures, Distri-
bution, Tariff, National Debt, &c. which are
urged upon an extra session during the heat of the
dog days-tbis bill alone is taken up on Monday,
and forced through the House of Representatives,
on Firday-within only five days! No, wonder,
the people have become alarmed and are arousing
to action.-Richmond Envvirer.


If Mr. Tyler chooses to obey the behests of Mr.
Clay, he will sign this compromise bill. He will
strike his name from the list of independent men,
and sink into the public tool of an arrogant dicta-
tor. He will lay his conscience, all his ancient
principles, all his recent opinions, at the feet of him
who wishes to "shove him from his stool," and in
the mean time to play the viceroy overhim. But Mr.
Tyler cannot, will not, submit to such degradation
as this. Le, him sign this bill, and bis wand cf
office is for ever stricken from his hand. He will
become mere drift wood on the stormy sea of Whig
politics-the merest king log that was ever sent
forth as a laughing stock to friend and to foe. But
again we say, he cannot, will not Sign this mon-
strous bill.-Richmond Enquirer.

ENGLISH COMBS, BRUSHES, &c.-W.
FISCHER, importer, has just received di-
rect from the celebrated manufacturers, Messrs.
John Hunt, jr. and Co. London, an extensive as-
sortment of their best Buffalo-horn Dressing Combs
of different sizes, all of which will be sold at less
prices than articles of similar quality can be ob-
tained elsewhere. Also a good assortment of
English and French Hair Brushes and Perfumery,
is kept constantly for sale at Stationers' Hall.
July 13__________
REPORT ON THE D'HAUTEVILLE
CASE-Price reduced to 50 cents, by order
of me publishers-295 octavo pages.
For sale by F. TAYLOR,


From the Baltimore Republiceani
We are pleased to be able to present the follow-
ing correspondence to our readers, by which they
will see, that the distinguished individual, who has
been selected as the candidate of the Democratic
Republican Reform party of the State, declares
that he has "uniformly opposed tadt 'public policy
which has brought this State to a most perilous posi-
tion;" and that he promises to "exeit, if elected,
all the influence of his station" to "change and re-
form the system of measures," to which may "be
traced the public grievances and embarrass-
men tN!"
This being the case, let ell who are disposed to
aid in relieving thd people from their burdens, be
up and moving in the gzod cause of THOMAS and
LIGHT TAXES!

CORRESPONDENCE.

BALTIMORE, June 11, 1841.
Hon. FRANcts THoMas-
SIR: The undersigned officers of the Democratic
State Convection, in obedience to the instructions
of the State Convention, apprise you of your una-
nimous selection as the candidate of the Demo-
cratic party for the next Governor of Maryland.
In making this announcement, we take pleasure
in stating, that we rejoice that the decision of the
Convention was favorable to one whose past politi-
cal services have justly endeared him to the people,
and which give the surest guarantee that in the
event of his election, the honor and character of
the State will be fully maintained during his ad-
ministration.
With the expression of our sincere wish for your
political success and personal happiness,
We are, sir,
Respectfully, your fellow-citizens,
TOBIAS E. STANSBURY,
President.
H. G. S. KEY, ELIAS BROWN, GEORGE HANDY,
S. HILLEN, Jr. R. B. F. CARMICHAEL, ROBERT
WASON, BEALE H. RICHARDSON, ZtCH. H. WCR-
THINOTON, Vice Presidents.
GEO. W. SHERWOOD, JOHN C. LEGRAND, GXo.
R. COLLIER, HENRY HoBss, Secretaries.
Hon. F. THOMPSON.

FaEDERIcK, August 7, 1841.
GENTLEMEN: Your very kind letter, notifying
me of my nomination as the candidate of the De-
mocratic party, for the next Governor of Maryland,
reached the post office at this place during my ab-
sence. It remained there so long, before its con-
tents were known to me, that a formal acceptance
of the nomination seemed uncalled for, inasmuch
as my name had, in the interim, been before the pub-
lic for that high office without protest on my part.
Having been informed, however, that a reply to
your letter would be agreeable, I take much plea-
sure in declaring, that the confidence manifested
for me by the Democratic State Convention, is in
the highest degree gratifying to my pride.
The office o 'Chief MagLitrate of Maryland is, at
all times, one of vast impo. inoce; and it would be,
under ordinary circumstances, considered by me a
most grateful compliment to be selected by my
friends as a candidate for that high station. But
when I reflect epon the present condition of the
State, I feel the liveliest gratitude to those who
have thought me worthy the honor of sharing the
responsibility imposed upon all who are to devise
measures for the relief of the people from the evils
consequent upon gross mismanagement of our pub-
lic affairs.
Having uniformly opposed that public policy
which has brought this State to a most perilous po-
sition, I make no sacrifice of former opinions in
promising to exert, if elected, all the influence of
the station for which I am a candidate, to change
and reform the system of measures to which the
most casual observer may trace the public griev-
ances and embarrassments.
Accept, gentlemen, my cordial thanks for the
friendly manner with which you have communica-
ted the wishes of the convention, and the assurance
that I am, most sincerely, your friend and fellow-
cilizen, FRANCIS THOMAS.
To Gen. Tobias E. Stansbury, President; H. G. S.
Key, George Handy, Elias Brown, Vice Presi-
dentis; George W. Sherwood, John C. Le Grand,
and others, Secretaries.
C imnmunieated.
GRAHAM'S LADY'S AND GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.
Mr. HAMPTON, the Agent, has handed us the Au-
gust number of this work, more excellent in ap-
pearance, we must admit, than any we have yet
seen in competition. One of Larteu's best mezzo-
tint engravings ("the Penitent Son") illustrates a
good moral story, and a fine plate of colored fash-
ions are to be found on opening the book. But
the most rare and beautiful engraving we have
ever seen is a lace pattern, surromil og a rose of
surpassing beauty. This is said to be ihe modern
style that is used, and to be exactly in the fashion,
the lace must be wrought by the fairhand of the lady.
In this number we find original articles from Geo.
P. Morris, J. H. Dana, Park Benjamin, Edgar A.
Poe, Mrs. R. S. Nicholls, H. W. Herbert, H. B.
Hirmi, F. W. Thomas, A. A. Irvine, E. C. Stee-
man, J. D. Humphreys, nnd the pens of some
others are recognized; besides review of new books,
very able; Editor'i table, &c. To be had at the
"Periodical Agency" between Gadsby's and the
railroad. Price $3 per annum, without postage.


Na


NATIONAL THEATRE.
THURSDAY, Aug. 12,
Will be presented 2d Act of
ST. GEORGE AND THE DRAGON.
After which a new
PANTOMIME.
To conclude with the 3d part of
NAPOLEON.
apoleon Mr. Foster.


tftfhtt MUkt ~abRaft fffft!Jl' n^"

WASHINGTON BRANCH RAILROAD.
Reduction of Fare to Camp Meeting at
"All Saints," on the line of the Washington Rail-
road.
Extra cars for the accommodation of visitors to
the Camp Meeting at "All Saints" will be attach-
ed to the passenger train of the Washington Eranch
Road, leaving the ticket office in this city daily at
6 a. m. and 5U p. m.
Fare for the round trip during the continuance
of the meeting from the 13th to the 20th of the pre-
sent month, $1 25.
By order: SAM'L STETTINMUS, Agent.
Transportation office, W. B. R. Aug 11
/OLESKIN HATS.-A further supply of
those justly celebrated black Moleskin
Hats, (manufactured by 0. Fishb, No. 137 Broad-
way, New York,) this day received. The beauty
of shape, combined with their extreme lightness,
render them desirable to the gentlemen of fashion,
as well as comfort.
Also, a beautiful assortment of Stocks, Cravats,
Gloves, &.e. at the Gentleman's Furnishing Store,
Brown's Hotel, two doors west of the main en-
trance. ROBERTS & FISH.
Aug 11-3t
U HESS.-New Treatisq on Chess, by George
Walker, 1 vol. London, 1841, just imported
by F. TAYLOR.
Also, a selection of games actually played in
London, by McDonnell; Bourdonnais, Des Chap-
pelles, Lewis, and others, 1 vol.- London; Studies
of Chess, by Phillidor; Gianutio and Gustavus Se-
lerius on Chess, translated and arranged by Sarrat,
2 vols.; The Chess Player, by Walker, containing
also Franklin's essay on the morals of Chess, the
three games played at one and the same time by
Phillidor, and the sixty openings, check mates and
situations of Mr. Kenny, 1 vol; Chess Made Easy,
by Walker, giving the rudiments and science of
the game, 1 vol. with numerous engravings. Price
50 cents; Hoyle's Games, and other works on the
*ame subject. Aug 11
EASE'S CANDY.-In consequence of the
frequent and increasing demand for Pease's
Hoarhound Candy, so highly celebrated for the
cure of hoarseness and cough, the subscriber has
been induced to accept the agency from the manu-
lacturer, and will dispose of it wholesale.and re-
tail. at his prices, at Stationers' Hall,
June 4 W. FISCHER.
SHARLES O'MALLEY-Cheap edition-
S From the commencement up to the conclu-
sion of the last number issued-complete for $1 25
in one large volume, half-bound. This day re-
ceived for sale by F. TAYLOR.
July 23 1_
E OR SALE.-A Tot of Cherry Plank en-l
I' Scantling, suitable~for cabinet makers, which
will be sold cheap. Apply to
SHAW & DAY,
Aug 3 Corner of 4th 4 and Canal street,










b WAIM'S VERtMIFUGE.-The most usefu
j Family P' &d' *, ever offered to the public.
This wel hnown Anti-Dysenteric and Worn
Medicine has proved successful these twelve year,
past, and is universally acknowledged by all wh(
have tried it, to be far superior to any other medi
cine ever employed in the diseases for which it is
recommended. It is perfectly safe, and no child
will refuse to take it.
Worms being especially a iinfest persons oJ
debilitated digestive organs and emaciated constitu.
tions, much mischief is often done by the ordinary
worm medicines, which generally consist of thi
strongest purgatives, calomel, that destroyer of the
constitution, bitters, pink root, spirits of turpentine
wormseed oil, &c. &c. Articles of this kind may de-
stroy worms, but they debilitate the stomach, and
often materially injure the general health, without
removing the cause. Swaim's Vermifuge has the
Wculiar advantage ofremoving the cause of worms
givingg vigor and healthy action to the stomuch,
oowels, and organs of digestion, thereby relievini
measles, croup, whooping cough,&c. This medicine
by invigorating the internal functto:,s-, srengthening
the organsofdigestion, and removing the primary
cause which creates morbid secretions, will relieve
Bowel Complaints, Cholic, Dysentery, Dyspepsia,
and the whole train of biliary affections, Sick
Headache, Acidity of the Stomach, Foul Breath,
Bleeding Piles, &c. It is an antidote in the early
ltaeeq of Fever and Cholera Morbus. As a general
tamilv medicine, it stands unrivalled, as it is ap-
plicable to most of the diseases to which children
are subject. Swaim's Vermifuge will be found ol
some utility to persons who occasionally indulge
in the conviviality of the table; a dose taken be-
fore dinner will anticipate the effects of acidity of
the stomach, not unfrequently produced by wine,
In the neglect of this, however, a dose in the
morning or the following morning, will, in most
instances, restore the tone of the stomach.
Families resident in the country, and isolated
a measure from medical advice, travellers jour.
neying to the far West, or bound to distant ports,
seminaries and all public institutions and charita-
ble associations, will find this remedy, constantly
at hand, of great utility.
Prepared at SWAIM'S LABORATORY, Phila
delphia. HENRY JOHN SHARPE, General
Agent, No. 46 Pine street, New York; and sold by
every Druggist in the United States.
Oct 20--3m WM. SWAIM & SON.
G ARDENING, FARMING, BOTANY,
AGRICULTURE, &c. &c.-Just received
and for sale by F. TAYLOR, (many of them im-
ported from Englanid,)-The Fruit, the Flower, and
the Kitchen Gar lsn, 1 vol. by Patrick Neill, Edin-
burg; Haywood on Fruit Trees, 1 vol. London;
Randolph's Culinary Gardener, by a Virginian, 25
cents; The Chemistry ot Agriculture, translated
from the French of Chaptal; Low's P. ctfcal Agri
culture, comprehending the Cultivationt of Plants,
the Husbandry of the Domestic Anir als, and the
Economy of the Farm, 1 vol. third edition, Lon-
don, 1840; The Complete Grazier--a Farmer's
and Cattle Breeder's and Dealer's A.xitstant, 1 oc-
tavo vol. London, by several eminent ]t;riculturists;
American Orchardist, 1 vol.; Americnn Fruit Gar-
den Companion, M0 cents; American Flower Gar-
den Companion, 50 cents; Cobbett's American
Gardener, 50 cents; Hogg's Practical Treatise on
the Culture of the Carnation, Auricula, Tulip, &c.
I vol. London, 1839; Vegetables, their Cultivation
and Cookery, oy John Rogers, 1 vol. London,
1839; Nutt's Practical Directions for the Manage-
ment of the Honey Bee, (with engravings;) Tay-
lor's Bee-keeper's Manuel-practical hints on the
management and complete prerervation of the
honey bee, 1 vol. London, 1839, (with engravings;)
Manual for the MAnagement of Bees, by J. M.
Weeks, Vermont, 1840; Smith on the Cultivation
of the Honey Bee-and many others. List to be
continued. April 28.
EW MUSIC.-Just received the following
I pieces of new music, at the old established
store two doors east of the city post office, where
may bt. found a very extensive assortment of music'
arranged for the piano, guitar, flute, and violin,
embracing new and old songs, marches, vwaltzes,
dances, airs and rondos, variations, duetts, and
overtures. W. FISCHER.
The land far awav, as sung by Mr. Wood
Oh! had I Jubal' ',re, by Handel
By-gone houes, jctLV y by Mr. Norton
I have come from a happy land, (Hindostan air)
A Frog he should a wooing go, (Sentimental)
rSe Missionarys Requiem; an ode written ex-
pre'-ly, by .1. N. Osborn, on" occasion of the la-
senrted death of the Rev. John Williams, com-
posed for four voices
Griswold Quick-step, by 0. J. Shaw
The Polish Pilgrim, (a waltz)
The Circassian Waltx
Overture to the opera of two blind men of Toledo
Overture to Fid li". hy Beethoven Feb 27
( CURRENCY AND FINANCE, COM-
} MERGE, POLITICAL HISTORY, PO-
LITICAL ECONOMY, &c. Tooke's History of
Prices, up to 1839; 3 vols. Londoa, 1840. Mc-
Culloch's Commercial Dictionary. Ogden's Ame-
rican Tariff, for 1841 and 1842. Eisden's Indus-
try of Nations, 2 vols ; London, 1840. Macpher-
son's Annals of Commerce, 4 vols.; London. Von
Humboldt on the Supplies of Gold with reference
to the problems of Political Economy-pamphlet;
London, 1839. The Philosophy of Joint Stock
Banking, by G. W. Bell; London, 1840. Porter's
Progress of the Nation, (British,) in view of its
production, interchange, revenue, expenditure, &c.
Mushett on the Currency; London. Catechism of
Foreign Exchange, and the effects of an abase-
ment of bullion, by John Taylor; London. Legis-
lative and Documentary History of the Bank of
the United States, and of the original Bank of
North America, I vol. giving the entire proceed-
ings, debates, and resolutions of Congress upon
the various bills and projects for a national bank
since the formation of the Gevernment. Adam
Smith's Wealth of Nations-edited by McCulloch
Montesquieu's Spirit of Laws, (in English,) 2 vols.
scarce-and many others.
*6* The above are only a few mentioned out of
F. Taylor's collection of works on the various
branches of political science, which will be found,
on examination, to be mitch more full and com-
plete than can be found elsewhere in the United
States. A further supply is looked for from Lon-
don by an early packet. Books, stationery, and
periodicals imported regularly from London and
Paris. For sale by
June 3. F. TAYLOR.
Uj]RENCH BOOKS.-The complete works of
II" Fenelon, 2 v'ols. octavo; Fontaine, 1 vol.;
Regnard, 1 vol.; Corneille, 2 vols.; Volney, 1 vol.;
St. Pierre,2 vols'i De Stael, 3 vols.; Sevigne, 2
vols.; Racine, 1 vol.; Machiaveli, 1 vol.; Bourda-
loue, 2 vols.; Lord Bacon, (the original Latin
translated into French,) 1 vol.; Descartes, 1 vol.;
Charron, Pascal, Rochefoucauld, La Bruyere, and
Vauvenargues, the five complete in 1 col.; Locke
and Leibnitz, (in French,) 1 vol; Thucydides and
Xenophon, (in French,) 1 vol.; Moliere, 1 vol.;
Polybius, Herodian and Zozimus, (in French,) 1
vol.; Lamartine, 1 vol.; the Minor Greek Poets,
(twenty-three,) translated into French, all in 1 vol.;
Chroniques et Memoires sur l'Histoire de Faance,
par de Commines, Villeneuve, La Marche, Chau.
tellain, et Bouchet, complete in 1 vol.; and many
other valuable French authors. For sale by
F. TAYLOR.
a-^Books imlionied to order from London and
loD -? Anril 1


NGLISHEI WO.,KS ON GEOLOGY AND
MINERALOGY.-Imported by F. TAY-
LOR, most of them b, the last trip of the Great
Western. The Certainties of Geology, by Gibson,
1 vol. London, 1841. Mantell's Wonders of Geo-
logy, new edition, London, 1841. Griffin's Crys-
tallography, with its application to Mineralogy,
Glascow, 1841. Parkinson's Fossil Organic Re-
mains of a Former World, 3 vols. quarto, many
colored engravings. Humble's Dictionary of Ge-
ology and Mineralogy, London, 1840. Burr's
Practical Geology, as applicable to Mining, Engi-
neering, Architecture, &c. Thompson's Outlines
of Mineralogy, Geology, and Mineral Analyses, 2
vols. octavo. Thompson's Chemistry of Organic
Bodies, 1 vol. octavo. Rooke's Geology as a
Science, applied to the reclamation of land from
the sea, the construction of harbors, the discovery
of coal, and the formation of railroads, 1 vol. Lon-
don, 1840. Leithart on Mineral Veins. Boase's
Primary Geology. Ures's System of Geology, 1
vol. octavo. Ures's Dictionary of Mineralogy and
Chemistry, with their applications. Macgillivray's
Manual of Geology: London, 1840. Taylor's
Scientific Memoirs. Burrow's Conchology. Brown's
Conchologist's T'i xt Book. Brown's Natural His-
tory of Shells. Geology, by Professor Phillips.
Phillips's Wlhneralogy, fourth edition, by Allan.
Mineralogy, by Pr- fessor Jameson. And a large
collection of valuable American works and. Ame-
rican editions on the same subjects, and their vart-
ous branches, at the lowest prices, in every case.
%** Books, Stationery, and Periodicals, i imported
to order from England and Frasce,
July 2


1 BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES,
IN pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
S REN, !,resident of the United States of Ame-
s rica, do hei' >. declare and make known, that pub-
o lic sales will te held at the undermentioned land
Offices in the ;ate of il llinois at the periods herein
s after dusiggna'd, to wit:
d At ne lant office at Chicago, commencing on
Monday,the ninthh day of August next, for the dis
I posal of the .- public lands within the limits of the
undermentio' ed townships, to wit:
Worth of the b,,se line and east of third ; principal meri-
e diean:
e Township thirty-eight, of range six.
Township thirty eight, of range seven.
Townships thirty-eight, thirty-nine, and forty,
except the east half of the southeast quarter, the
Seat half and northwest quarter of the northeast
e quarter, and ihe north half of the northwest quar
Ster in section ihree, in township thirty-nine, of range
eight.
Township forty-five and township forty-six, bor-
dering on the Wiskonsan Territory, of range
Sten.
y Townships forty-four and forty-five, and town-
e strip forty-six, bordering on the Wiskonsan Territo
Sry, of range eleven.
Sections one to six, inclusive, in township forty,
fractional township forty-one, (except the north-
half of section seven,) the northeast quarter of
I section ten in township forty-three, and fractional
Sownships forty-four, forty-five, and forty-six, bor-
a during on Lake Michgan, of range twelve.
f At the land office at Dixon, (late Galena,) com-
e mencing on Monday the sixteenth day of August
Next, for the disposal of the public lands within the
I limits of the undermentioned townships, to wit:
north of the base line and east of the fourth principal
meridian.
S Fractional townships twenty-six and twenty-se-
ven, bordering on the Mississippi river, and frac-
tional township twenty-eight, except sections seven.
teen,twenty, and twenty-one, of rai.ge one.
Fractional townships twenty-five and twenty-
six, bordering on the Mississippi river,of range two.
Fractional townships "twenty-foar and twenty.
five, bordering on the Mississippi river, of range
three.
Townships twenty and twenty-one, of range six.
Townships twenty-one and twenty-'wo, of range
seven.
Townships twenty.-one, twenty-two, twenty-three,
twenty-four, twenty-five, twenty-six, and twenty-
ieven, of range eight.
Townships: wenty-two, twenty-three, twenty-
tour, twenty-five, twenty-six, and twenty-seven, of
range nine,
Townships twenty-two, twenty-three, twenty-
tour, twenty-file, twenty-six,.and twenty-eight, of
range ten.
Townships twenty-five, twenty-six, twenty-se.
een, and twenty-eight, of range eleven.
Yorth of the base line and west of the fourth principal
meridian.
Fractional townships twenty-seven and twenty-
ight, bordering on the Mississippi river, except
sections thirteen and twenty-four in the latter, of
anpe one.
Fractional townships twenty.eight and twenty-
nine, bordering ont he Mississippi river, of range
wo.
Fractional section seventeen, in township se-
enteen, of range two.
Islands numbered one, two, three, and four, and
part of Island numbered five, lying in Rock river,
within the limn's of township forty-three, north of
range one, east of the third principal meridian.
At the land office at Quincy, commencing on
Monday the sixteenth day of August next, for the
disposal of the public lands within the limits of the
undermentionet fractional townships to wit:
.North of the base line, and east of the fourth principal
meridian.
Fiactional townships two and three, bordering
-n the Illinois river, of range three.
Lands appropriated by law for the use of schools,
military or other purposes, will be excluded from
sale.
The sales will each be kept open for two weeks,
(unless the plan's are sooner disposed of,) and no
ouger, and orn private eniries of land, in the town-
ships so offered, will be admitted until after the
expiration of the two week'
Given under my haid, ta t i city it Wa,,t,,t-t
ton,this eighteenth day ot Febluary, anno D0-
mini, 1840.
M. VAN BUREN.
By the President:
AMES WHITCOMB,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.

NOI ICE TO PRE-EMPTION CLAIMANTS.
It very person claiming the right of ptc-emptlon
to ladl in any of the townships designated in this
prodl nairiin, in virue n thIe 'rt'/!sions tf'tihc acl
ot 23d luoie, 1838, as extended and modided by the
act of lst June 1840, or of the provisions of the lat
ter act granting certain privileges to another class of
aettlers,is requested to prove the same to the satisfac-
tion ot the register and receiver ot the proper land
office, and make payment therefore, as soon asprac-
ticable after seeing this notice, and before the day ap
pointed tor the commencement of the public saie
of the land as above designated, otherwise such
claims will be forfeited.
JAS. WHITCOMB,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Feb. 19-lawtAugl6
P PHILOSOPHY OF HISTORY, translated from
the German of Schlegel, 2 vols.; History Phi-
losophically Illustrated, from the fall of the Roman
Empire to the French Revolution, 4 vols. by Dr.
Miller, Trinity College, Dublin; British History
and Chronology, up to the accession of Victoria,
by John Wad(, author of History of the Middle
and Working Classes, 1 large volume, London,
1840, giving a classified analysis of the history of
Church and State, and of the constitutional, politi-
cal, commercial, intellectual, and social progress of
the United Kingdom; The Pictorial History of
England, being a history of the people, as well as a
history of the kingdom, 4 vols. London, 1840; His-
tory of the Germanic Empire, 3 vols. London, by
S. A. Dunhanim; Lodge's Illustrations of British
History, 3 vols.; History of France, by Bonnechose,
from the invasion of the Franks under Clovis, to
the accession of Louis Philippe, 1 vol. 1839; Mo-
dern History, from the irruption of the Northern
Nations to the close of the American Revolution,
by W. Smyth, Professor of Modern History in the
University of Cambridge, England, 2 vols. London,
1840; Lectures on the History of the French Revo-
lution, by the same author, 3 vols. London, 1840
History of Europelduring the French Revolution,
by Allison, 8 vols. octavo, London, 1840. Just
imported by F. TAYLOR.
April22 ____________
0 CLAIMANTS.--FHANCIS A. DICKINS
jL continues to undertake the agency of claims
before (.ngreis, and other branches of the Go
vernment, including commissioners under treaties,
and the various public offices. He will attend to
pre-emption and other land claims, the procuritng
of patents for public lands, and the confirmation
by Congress of grants and claims to lands; claims
for horses and other property lost in, or taken for,
the service of the United States; property destroyed
by the "Indians, or while in the possession of the
United States; invalid, revolutionary, navy, wi-
dows' and half-pay pensions; claims for Revolu-
tionary services, whether for commutation, half-
pay, or bounty lands-as well those against the
Staie of Virginia as the United States; all claims
growing out of contracts with the Government, or


damages sustained in consequence of the action or
conduct oft. '-overnment; and indeed any busily
ness before Congress or the public offices, which
may require the aid of an agent or attorney. His
charges will be moderate, and depending upon the
amount of the claim and the extent of the service.
He is also Agent for the American Life Insu-
rance and Trust Company, which has a capital of
wo millions of dollars paid in; and for the Balti-
more Fire Insurance Company.
Mr. F. A. Dickins is known to most of those
who have been in Congress within the last few
years, or who have occupied any public station at
Washington.
His office is on Pennsylvania avenue, second
door from 15th street.
All letters must be post paid. July 18-dly
SUPERIOR FINE TONED BOSTON PIA-
NOS -Mr. W. PRATT, Professor of Music,
12th street, south of Pennsylvania avenue, has for
sale a splendid assortment of Gilbert and Co's
highly finished and unrivalled Instruments, well
selected with the greatest care, cheap, and war-
ranted equal, if not superior, to any instruments
that can be offered. W. P. respectfully invites the
attention of I dies and gentlemen wishing to pro-
cure a first i te Ilano Forte. Old instruments re-
ceived in exv ,ange, and a liberal price given.
Mr. W. P gives instruction, both instrumental
nd vocal. June 3-3taw2w
F-ANCY FANS.-Just opened at Stationers
S Hall a variety of handsome ornamental
and plain paper, mourning, and feather Fans.


YGEIA HOTEL, OLD POINT COMFORT,
VIRGhIIA.-The subscribers most re-
spectfully announce to their friends and the public
in general, that they have taken that eligible, ex-
tensive, and wel known establishment, the HY-
GEIA HOTEL, which has been fitted up in a
style for the convenience and comfort of visitors
not surpassed by any house in this section of coun-
try. Considerable alterations and additions have
been made to the establishment. It has now be-
tween seventy and eighty rooms, all nieat, airy,
and well furnished, besides a spacious SALOON,
BALL ROOM, BILLIARD ROOM, BEADING
ROOM, and REFECTORY, with various other
sources of amusements to suit the tastes of all
their visilers.
They flatter themselves, that from the long ex-
perience of one of ihe proprietors in one of the lar-.
gest and most respectable establis.-hmetints in the
country, and their determination to please, they
will be enabled to give entire satisfaction to all
who may be pleased to give them a call.
BATHING.-The Bathing Houses have been
enlarged and fitted up in a neat and comfortable
manner, both for Warm and Sea Bathing, which
will be carefully attended to, and kept neat and
clean.
Regular boarders will be admitted gratis to the
Sea Baths, and will be charged a small compensa-
tion to the warm. A moderate charge to both made
to transient visitors.
The delightful situation of Old Point for the en-
joyment of the sea breeze and bathing, the fine
fish, crabs and oysters in every variety, the conve-
nience of pr.r..:,",,:riv,, blk'acy of the season
fiom the rih I.trii. in Ei-zatl..'ih City County and
the Norfolk market, from which can be procured
supplies of tresh meats, poultry, vegetables and the
choicest fruits daily; the view over the broad
Chesapeake, whitened with the canvass of vessels
of every description, from the line of battle-ship,
bearing the broad pennant of some gallant Commo-
dore, down to the little canoe, laden with the
choicest delicacies of the season; the military re-
views and stupendous fortifications of Fortress
Monroe and FP.rt Calhoun; the beautiful prome-
nade on the ramparts and the pebbled beach,
render Old Point one of the most desirable
places in the country to resort to for health and
pleasure.
The Bar will be supplied with the choicest wines
and liquors that can be procured. They have in
their cellar a few dozen of that superior old wine
that was"- much admired by the officers at For-
tress Monroe, and which has been so highly extol-
led by some of our own connoisseurs, to which will
be added, Pomar's pale and brown Sherries, the
Oid Hope Madeira, and a variety of other choice
wines, ,selected by Mr. William French, of
French's Hotel, and other judges, and they are
determined to put them at such prices (accord-
ing to quality) as cannot fail to give entire satis-
faction.
The facilities of reaching and departing from
Old Point give it a great advantage over most other
places of resort for invalids. The steamboats
from Norfolk and Portsmouth, James river, Wash-
ington and Baltimore, touch there daily ,"affording
a convenience for arriving and departing at plea-
sure.
HUDGINS & MOODY.
Old Point Comfort, Va.
May 19-lawtl5July

ROSPECTUS.-FRANCIS W. EMMONS
proposes to publish by subscription, at Em-
maus, Hamilton county, Indiana, THREE ONE DOL-
LAR VOLUMES, with the following titles:
Ist. OUR NAME-Or, The Essays of 1839 and
1840, of Barton W. Stone, Alexandler Canipbell,
David S. Burned, Arthur Crihfield, and others, on
,he name CHRISTIAN: with some notes and connect-
ing remarks by F. W. Emmons.
2d. THE PIECES SAVED ON ORDER-Containing
the essays of the Millenial Harbinger, the Advo-
cate, and the Journal of Christianity.
3d. A viEw oF THE SOCIAL WORSHIP AND OR-
DINANCES OBSERVED BY THE FIRST CHRISTIANS,
DRAWN FROM THE SACRED SCRIPTURES ALONE: be-
ing an attempt to enforce their Divine obligation.
and to represent the guilt and evil consequences of
neglecting ihem.-First American, from the se-
conol Edinburgh edition corrected: with an addi-
titial chapter on the ORDER OF WORSHIP, by F. W.
Emmons.

The question concerning the divine right of the
name Christian, it is believed, in the essays of our
volume I, will be fully settled; while the discus-
sion of Order, in the "Pieces Saved," may be but
just commenced. And yet, if we mistake not, in
these pieces are established some important princi-
ples. we propose to begin this valume with Br.
A. Campbell's Millennial Harbinger Extra for
I )b' r 1835. Of this, M. Winans, in a letter to
min paibLied in December following, says:
---"This same Essay gave me as much, if
not more consolation than any thing written by you
or any other man since I believed the Apostles'
teaching to be of God."
The work of Haldane, which we propose to re-
publish, shows hnim to have been a close reasoner, a
good scholar, and a reformer of ardent piety. Of
it we possess the only copy which we have ever
seen or heard of in this country. Br. A. Crihfield,
to whom we submitted this work, and asked his
opinion, while visiting us in the summer of 1839,
responds in his Heretic Detector for March fol-
lowing, thus:
"The Volume will no doubt be serviceable
to the brethren in different parts of the country.
Brother Emmons will perhaps find it necessary to
make some retrenchments and emendaiions, and
when these are judiciously effected, (and to this
task brother E. i's every way competent,) the new
edition will throw much light upon the subject of
the Social Worship of Christians."
These three volumes, if all published, will con-
tain between 1,000 and 1,200 medium 8vo or large
12tno pages, and any one of them over 300 pages
We give a prospectus for all, believing the publica-
tion of all at this time a desideratum; and we only
ask for patronage enough to defray expenses, and
we will publish all within the next year; but we
shall plit that .firs', for which we receive first re-
turns of the mo- t subscribers. We propose to pub-
lish on good paper, with fair type, in semi-monthly
numbers, of a sheet each.
TERMS.
One dollar a volume on the receipt of the first
number. Any person obtaining five subscribers,
and remitting pay for them, will be entitled to a
copy for his trouble. We will wait until the 15th
of July next for a report of promises; and if we shall
then have received enough to authorize us to give
sue promise of some hundred dollars for paper, the
first sheet will be issued early in August. We
want no subscribers who will not pay promptly ac-
cording to our terms.
EMMAUS, Noblesville, Indiana, May 1, 1841.
May 21-dlwc

P ROPOSALS BY WILLIAM M. GOUGE,
for publishing a new periodical, to be entitled
"THE JOURNAL OF BANKINO."
It will contain:
1st. A new edition of "A Short History of Pa-
per Money and Banking in the United States," by
Win. M. Gouge, with corrections and addi-
tions, bringing the narrative down to the present
time.
2. Essays on Banking, Currency, Exchanges
and kindred topics, in which efforts will be
made to place these subjects in the clearest light
possible.
3d. A semi-monthly review of the THE TIMES,
embracing the most important events, especially
those which relate to the money and produce


markets, and wnich affect the general operations of
business.
4th. Such miscellaneous matter as will, while
it will add to the interests of the work, subserve
its main object, which is that of showing the true
character of our paper money and banking sys-
tem, and the effect it has on the morals and happi-
ness of the different classes of the community.
This Journal will beespecially intended for Farm-
ers and Mechanics, but it is hoped it will not
prove unuseful to Merchants and other productive
members of society.
It will be published once every two weeks. Each
number will contain sixteen pages octavo, double
column, with tie leaves stitched and cut, thus unit-
ing the advantages of the open sheet with a form
convenient for binding.
Theprice will be-
For one copy, one dollar and fifty cents a year.
For four copies, five dollar, or one dollar and
twenty-five cer:s each.
For ten copies, ten dollars, or one dollar each.
The first.number will be issued in the first week
of July, 1841.
In all cases, subscriptions must be paid in ad-
vance.
Philadelphia, May 5th, 1841.
L ONDON PORTER, SALAD OIL, AND
L RICE.
For sale bg RYONIj& ATLBTZ.


T HE INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLS-
This extraordinary medicine s a Purgative
Medicine so justly balanced, and withal so natural
to the human constitution, that they cannot possibly
inj urc even the most delicate; at the same time,if used
in such a manner as to produce free evacuations by
the bowels, it is absolutely impossible for pain et
distress, of any kind, to continue long in the body.
The reason is plain: tney cleanse the system of
those humors which are opposed to health, and
therefore invalids may use them with a certainty of
always obtaining relief, and persevere in the use oi
them, with an equal certainty of being cured.
In all disordered motions of the blood, called In
termil tent, Remittent, Nervous, Inflammatory, and
Putrid
FEVERS,
The Indian Vegetable Pills will be found a certain
remedy; because they cleanse the Stomach and
Bowels of all bilious matter, and purify the bloud-
consequently, as they remove the cause of every
kind of 'disease, they are absolutely certain to cure
every kind of Fever.
So also when morbid humors are deposited upon
the membrane and muscle, causing those pains, in-
flammatior, ,,, ,-i. I it.. called
h]HE:L!LMATI-ISM, GOUT, &c.
The Indian Vegetable Pills may be relied on as
always certain to give relief, and if persevered with
will most assuredly, and without fail, make a per-
fect cure of the above painful maladies. From
three to six of said Indian Vegetable Bills, taken
every night on going to bed, will, in a short time,
completely rid the body of all morbid and corrupt
humors: and rheumatism, gout, and pain of every
description, will disappear as if by magic.
For there samereason, when, irom sudden changes
of atmosphere, tr any other cause, the perspiration
is checked, and those humors which should pass
off by the skin, are thrown inwardly, causing head-
ache, nausea and sickness, pains in the bones, wa-
tery and inflamed eyes, sore throat, hoarseness,
coughs, consumption, rheumatic pains in various
parts of the body, and many other symptoms of
CATCHING COLD,
The Indian Vegetable Pills will invariablygive im-
mediate relief. Three or four pills, taken at night
on going to bed, and repeated a few times, will re-
move all the above unpleasant symptoms and re-
store the body to even sounder health than it was
before. The same may be said of DIFFICULTY op
BREATHING, or ASTHMA. The Indian Vegetable
Pills will loosen and carry off, by the stomach and
bowels, those tough phlegmy humors which stop up
the air cells of the lungs, and arc the cause of the
above dreadful complaint.
It should also be remembered the Indian Vege-
table Pills are certain to remove pain in the side,
oppression, nauseau and sickness, loss of appetite,
costiveness, a yellow tinge of the skin and eyes,
and every other symptom of
LIVER COMPLAINT;
Because they purge from the body those corrupt
and stagnant humors which, when deposited upon
the Liver, are the cause of the above dangerous
complaint. They are also a certain preventive oJ
APOPLEXY AND SUDDEN DEATH;
Because they carry off those humors which, oh-
structing the circulation, are the cause of a rush
or determination of blood to the head-giddiness,
e "I- .a]i., on turning suddenly round-blindness-,
drowsiness-loss of memory-inflammation of the
brain-insanily, and every other disorder of the
mind.
ONE WORD TO THE SEDENTARY!
Those who labor within doors should remember
that they frequently breath an atmosphere whicl
is wholly unfit for the proper expansion of thn
lungs, and at the same time, owing to want of ex
ercise, the bowels are notsufficiently evacuated--
the blood becomes impure, and headache, indiges
ion, palpitation of the heart, and many other dis-
agreeable symptoms, are sure to follow.
THE INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLS
.. ,. a cleanser of tae Stomach and Bowels, and
a DIRECT PuRiFIEtE of the Blood, are certain not
only to remove pain or distress of every kind from
the body, but, if used (.ec'a . naIt, so as to keep
the body free from those humors which are the
CAtUsE 01'of EVERY MALADY UNDER HEAVEN, they
will most assuredly promote such a just and equal
circulation ot the Blood, that those who lead a -
dentary lif' will be enabled to enjoy -
SOUND HEALTH,
And the fluid., of the body will be restored to such
a state of purity, that DISEASE OF ANY KIND
WILL BE ABSOLUTELY IMPOSSIBLE.
.dgents.-RofikT, FARNHAM, WASHINGTON CITY;
Win. G. Cook, North Gay street, Baltimore.
OFFICE AND GENERAL DEPOT, 169
Race street, PHILADELPHIA. Feb 7--ly
J R . R. PHELPi'S COMPOUND TO-
J MATO PILLSI-The vegetable nm'ly
for tispa',es arising from Impurities of the BI Iod,
Dyspc sia, Scrofula, and all Chronic Disea e-: al-
so a .u-i.-t-u'e for Calome as a Cathartic n I,-
vers, and alt Bilious Affections.
These Pills are no longer, if they ever were,
among those of doubtful utility. They havepassed
away from those that are daily launched upon the
tide of experiment, and now stand before the pub-
lic as high in reputation, and extensively employed
in all paits of the United States, the Canadas, and
T4,xas, as any medicine ever prepared for the relief
of -..i. i io,.- mnian. They have been extensively
prescribed by the Medical Faculty wherever they
have been introduced; and there are but few towns
that cannot produce some remarkable cases ofI
their curative effects. The numerous certificates
which have been presented to the proprietor from
professional men and others, evince in an extraor-
dinary manner the extensive applicability of this
remedy to diseases generally. Professional men,
and those of sedentary habits, loudly applaud th.ir
hygiene properties in obviating those evils incident
to their occupation, and the want of exercise.
Often have the cures performed by this medicine
been Ihe subject of editorial comment in various
newspapers and journals, and it may with truth be
asserted that no medicine of ihe kind has ever re-
ceived testimrnonials of greater commendation than
are attached to this.
They are in general use as a family medrcitie,
and there are thousands of families who declare
they are never satisfied unless they have a supply
always on hand. They .have no rival in curing
bilious diseases, dyspepsia, liver complaints, sick
headache, aundice, rheumatism, heartburn, acid
stomach, palpitation, loss of appetite, costive-
ness, &c.
Taken either a short time before or after expo-
sure, they reader the system less liable to contract
contagious or epidemic diseases, and should be re-
sorted to by persons residing in low and marshy
situations, or when travelling or exposed to conta-
gion; also, persons attending the sick, who, by long
watching and fatigue, or exposure to the effluvia
of the sick room, become debilitated and lose their
appetite, will find great assistance from these pills,
in renovating and purifying the system, and restor-
ing the functions to a healthy s'ate. Persons
debilitated by intense and long application to busi-
ness and study, and those also oh sedentary habit%,
will derive great benefit from an occasional use of
them.
Those who, from idiosycrancy of the constitution,
or from a previous injudicious use of Calomel, are
prevented from using that remedy, will find in these
Pills a vegetable substitute, which in most cases
will produce the desirable effects of that mineral,
without its deleterious consequences.
For that congested and deranged state of the sys-
tem which occurs in the winter and commence-
ment of spring, these Pills are particularly appli-
cable in preventing rheumatism, coughs, congestion
of the lungs, &c. and have prolonged many a life
that otherwise would have been a sacrifice to the


changes of the season.
Those persons liable to sore throat, swelling of
the glands, coughs, and other symptoms indicating
scrofula, or consumption, should take warning in
season, and embrace a remedy which, while it is
searching out and eradicating disease, makes no
deductions from the vital powers of the system.
Recommendations from physicians in every va-
riety of climate in the United States, Texas, and
the Canadas, bear witness to the peculiar and po-
tent effects of this medicine; in fact they are pre-
scribed by physicians generally, in preference to any
other cathartic and alterative medicine-and hav-
ing acquire, d an unprecedented celebrity as an
ANTI-DYSPEPTIC and ANTI-BILIOUS RE-
MEDY; and this reputation being fully sustained
by the high character of its testimonials, and the
increasing demand for the medicine-it is only ne-
cessary for the Proprietor to continue the caution,
that the public may not mistake other medicines
which are introduced as tomato preparations for the
true COMPOUND TOMATO PILLS.
,* Inquire for PHELPS'S TOMATO PILLS,
and be particular to observe that the label is signed
G. R. PHELPS, M. D. Price 371 cents.
Sold by most of the Druggists in the District of
Columbia, as well as throughout the country.
Nov 28-4m
[BURRAY'S CELEBRATED LIQUID MAG
.. NKSA.-Forsale by C. H. TAMES,
Dec. carmrl 'h &1 adFts


PROSPECTUS OF THE AMERICAN
POCKET LIBRARY OF USEFUL KNOW-
LEDGE-Being, in its concise and comprehensive
character, in its general utility, beauty, andt cheap-
ness, the most
EXTRAORDINARY VOLUME
Ever issued from the press; comprising, in the
space of sixty-four printed pages, the sub'.tance of
what in ordinary book making might be extended
to two thousand pages.
ILLUSTRATED AND EMBELLISHED
With .portraits of all the Presidents, drawings of
agricultural and other machines, and engraved
maps, in miniature, of the twenty-six Starts of the
Ut ion, showing the form, boundaries, and general
outline of the Sati.P, counties, courses of the prin-
cipal rivers, towns, lakes, mountains, &c. of all
the different States.
In the American Pocket Library is condensed
the gleanings from several hundred volumes of
the most distinguished writers in this country and
in Europe, with original amendments and additions,
written expressly for this work.
It is offered to the American public as a compre-
hensive plain,
PRACTICAL GUIDE,
In matters of Agriculture, Law, Medicine, Na-
tional Education, Temperance, General Politics,
Silk and Sugar Beet Culture, with a miscellaneous
synopsis of National History, Geography, Popu
lar Chemistry, Domestic Economy, and House-
wifery, Dentistry, &c. &c.
I. AGRICULTURE.
Impressed with a sense of the paramount impor-
tance, in an individual and national point of view,
of Agricultural pursuits, it will be a great object to
condense into this department of the Library, such
information as will aid the tiller of the soil in se-
curing from his land the greatest amount of its an-
nual productions, without impairing its quality.
The best agriculturists, both at home and abroad,
have been consulted, and practical advice, recipe",
useful directions, hints and general information de-
rived upon the nature, treatment, and improvement
of various soils; the choice, management, &c. of
live stock; treatment of fruit and other vees, grain,
manures, &c.
II LAW
The general principles of Law, derived from the
practice t. the court of the different States, the de-
cisions of the most eminent judges, the whole care-
fully revised and made a safe guide, by a ni ember
of the Philadelphia bar. Designed for the general
information and use of the citizens of the United
States.
III. PRESERVATION OF HEALTH.
In this department will be condensed th- best
medical experience, in the preparing of which none
but the highest authority has been consulted. Plain
familiar directions will be given for most cases of
sudden emergency, as drowning, poisoning, wounds,
fits, and the various casualties to which the human
frame is daily liable. To every faiiii, the advice
here given may be at times of importance,
while in cases where a physician may riot be at
hand, it may be the positive means of alleviating
distress and prolonging life. A large portion of this
department will be derived from the combined la-
bors of an Association of Physicians, while the en-
tire work will be submitted to the examination of
several of the most experienced Professors in Jef-
ferson C..-,. .di in the University of Pennsylva-
nia. The object principally to be considered being
that while the cure of disease is doubtless a matter
of great importance, the PRESERVATION of
health is still greater.
IV. NATIONAL EDUCATION.
Among the subjects embraced under this head
wi I be the duties of parents, the government and
discipline o! schools, the best methods of imparting
instruction, the evils arising from ignorance in a
Republic, and the advantages of knowledge, with
other pertinent matters, designed to impress upon
the nation the importance of the truth that "the
knowledge which invigorates virtue, and renders it
more surely useful, is the greatest object which be-
nevolenace can have in view," or that patriotism
can accomplish.
V. TEMPERANCE.
Furnishing a brief view of the present condition,
progress, and prospects of the great temperance
reformation in the United States, with the recom-
mendatory appeal to the Young muten of the Unit,.d
States, signed by Ex-President Madison, Ex-PresI
d.it J. QL. Adams, and Ex-President Jackson, to
gether with other matters of interest connected
with this subject.
VI. POLITICAL.
In this division will be presented the Constitu-
tion of the United States, with the amendments;
also the population of the several States, chief
towns, with other statistical and miscellaneous in-
formation, corrected from the census of the United
States for 1840,condensed and revised from official
documents at Washington.
VII. SILK CULTURE.
The full and plain directions for the entire pro-
cess of silk growing, embraced in the Manual on
Silk, of which the Senate and House of Repre-
sentatives of Pennsylvania each ordered a large
edition, will be given in this work entire.
It will receive such additions as the more
recent experience in this country may render neces-
sary, and will be revised expressly for this work by
he author.
VIII. SUGAR BEET.
Ample instructions will be furnished for cultivat-
ing the sugar beet, and the process of manufacture
fully explained.
IX. MISCELLANEOUS.
Under this head will be given a mass of valua
ble and useful information, in a plain, concise form
upon each of the following subjects, viz: D-ntistry,
with the best mode of cleansing and preserving the
teeth in a sound and healthy condition. Popular
Chemistry, for practical purposes. The Cultiva-
tion of Flowers. A brief compendium of Nalu-
ral History, Geography, &c. Housewifery, em-
bracing a large number of plain, useful recipes for
cooking, preserving, cleaning, and other matters re-
lating to household economy and domestic comtfrt.
The Pocket Library will be printed with clear,
di-.tinct, and beautiful pearl and nonpareil type,
cast expressly for the occasion. The paper used
will be made for this work, and will be of the finest
and strongest texture.
The whole is the result of more than six years'
reflection and perseverir-g research. It has been
condensed with great care from authentic sources.
Every department of the work will be submitted to
the severest scrutiny, in order to ensure the greatest
possible accuracy, and warrant the most entire
public confidence.
The work will not be ready for the press much
before the ensuing spring. The announcement is
made thus early in order that those who may pos-
sess information of a really useful and valuable
character, which, from philanthropic, patriotic, or
other motives, they would like to see circulated
throughout the country in an extensive and perma-
nent manner, may communicate with the publish-
er. The extraordinary character of ihe work, its
cheapness, sterling merit, and universal utility, to-
gether with the extensive arrangements making for
agencies throughout the United States, warrant the
determination of printing an edition of not less
than one hundred thousand copies. All communi-
cations in relation to the work must be post paid,
and addressed to THOMAS C. CLARKE,
Philadelphia.
Id" Price only 50 cents!
The above valuable and popular work will be
delivered to subscribers in Washington, George-
town, and Alexandria, by the undersigned, at FrTY
CENTS PER COPY, without any extra charge.
Postmasters and others in the country, who will
forward to the undersigned five dollars, will be en-


titled to twelve copies of the work, and in the
same proportion for larger amounts; and they will
be carefully packed in good strong paper and for-
warded by mail, the postage being only sixteen to
twenty-four cents each, according to the distance.
The undersigned is Agent for the District of Co-
lumbia. Those who hold his subscription papers
will please return them to him by the middle of
January next. EDMUND F. BROWN, Agent,
At the Globe Office.
WASHINGTON CITY, Nov. 26-law3t

OTTO SEALS, &c.-W. FISCHER has
just opened a very extensive assortment of
black Motto Seals, with the best impressions.
Also, Letter Stamps of every size for engraving,
with every article in the stationery line of superior
quality, kept constantly for sale at Sationer's
Hall. May 20

I1ICH AND BEAUTIFUL JEWELLERY,
WATCHES, &c.-ROBT. KEYWORTH,
Importer and Manufacturer of Rich Jewellery and
Silver Ware, between 9th and 10th streets, Penn-
sylvania avenue, has added considerably to his ex-
tensive stock of Jewellery, Watches, Clocks, use-
ful and fancy articles, &c. and most respectfully
invites his friends and the public to call and select
from this beautiful collection.
Watches, Clocks, Silver Ware, and Jewellery
of every description, repaired by the most skilful
workmen. June 3-law3w


MI /OFFATS CELEBRATED LIFE PILLS
AND PHOENIX BITTERS.-ORIGIN
OF THE LIFE MEDICINES.-The reader may
rot perhaps be aware that the origin of Moffat's
Lute Medicines was the result of a protracted and
painful illness of their originator, Mr. JOHN MoP-
FAT. When taken ill, Mr. M. was a prosperous
and flourishing merchant in the lower part ot the
city; and, having consulted and employed a number
of our n,,..t -Rkitul physicians, he, after months of
uir.rti,., was prevailed upon to purchase the recipe
of the invaluable vegetable preparation now of-
fered to the public.
The effect of the Life Medicines in his own case
was so singular and remarkable that he immnedi
ately determined to offer to the world a medicine to
which he not only owed his life, but his happiness.
The uniform success which has since attended their
administration, in every instance where a fair trial
has been given them, has been attested by thou-
sands, and inconit, siitly proves their intrinsic merit;
THE LIFE MEDICINES-GENERAL RE-
MARKS.
These medicines are indebted for their name to
their manifest and sensible action in purifying the
spring and channels of life, and enduing them with
renewed tone and vigor, and to the undoubted fact
that, at a very early period in their history, they had
rescued sufferers from the very verge of an unatimunely
grave, alter all the deceptive nostrums of the day,
prescribed by physicians, had utterly failed, in
which case., they rfso permanently secure-! that
uniform enjoyment of health, without which life it-
self is but a partial blessing. So great, indeed,
had their efficacy invariably proved, that it was
scarcely less than miraculous to those who were
unacquainted with the beautifully philosophical
principles upon which they were compounded, and
upon which they consequently act.
THE PHOENIX BITTERS are so called, be-
cause they possess the power of restoring the ex-
piring embers of health, to a glowing ;P
throughout the constitution, as the Phesnix is said
to be restored to life from the ashes of its own dis-
solution. The Phoenix Bitters are entirely ve-
getable, composed of roots found only in cei-
tain parts of the Western country, which will
infallibly cure FEVERS AND AGUES of
all kinds; will never fail to eradicate entirely
all the effects cf mercury, infinitely sooner than
the most powerful preparations vof Sarsapirilla,
and will immediately cure the determination
of blood to the head; never fail in the sickrce s in-
cident to young females; and will be fi.und a cer-
tain remedy in all cases of nervous debility and
weakness of the most impaired constitutions. As
a remedy for Chronic and Inflammatory Rheuma-
tism, the efficacy of the Phoenix Bitters will be de-
monstnated by the use of a single bottle.
The proprietor rejoices in the opportunity af-
forded by the universal diffusion of the pres-, for
placing his VEGETABLE LIFE MEDICINES
within the knowledge and reach of every indi-
vidual in the community. Unlike the host of per-
nicious quackeries which boast of vegetable ingre-
dients, the Life Pills are purely and solely vegeta.
ble, and contain neither mercury, antimony,
arsenic, nor any other mineral, in any form what-
ever. They are entirely composed of extracts
from rare and powerful plants, the virtues of
which, though losg known to several Indian tribes,
and recently to some eminent pharmaceutical
chemists, are air. vtriher unknown to the ignorant
pretenders to medical science, and were never be-
fore administered in so happily efficacious a com-
bination.
Their first operation is to loosen from the coats
of the stomach and bowels, the various impurities
and crudities constantly .ieie around them; and
to remove the hardened Lances which collect in the
convolutions of the small intestines. Other medi-
cines only partially cleanse these, and leave such
collected masses behind as to produce habitual cos-
tiveness, with all its train of evils, or sudden
diarrhea, with its imminent dangers. This fact is
well known to all regular anatomists, who examine
the human bowels alter death, and hence the preju-
dice of the e well informed men against the quack
medicines of the age. The second effect of the VE-
GETABLE LIFE PILLS is to cleanse the kidneys
and the bladder, and by this means, the liver and
the lungs, the healthful action of which entirely de-
pend, upm the irgiulati'y of the urinary or-
gans. T.-e L!,-l which lal its tred clier from
ihe agency of tie liver an i i. ,o., belote it pa'-
ses into the heart, being thus purw.J by them, and
nourished by food coming from a clean stomach,
courses freely through the veins, renews every part
of the system, and triumphantly mounts the ban-
ner of health in the blooming cheek.
The f.-tl-.i it' are among the distressing variety
of human diseases to which the celebrated Vegeta-
ble Life Pills are known to be infallible.
DYSPEPSIA, by thoroughly cleansing the first
and second stomach, ant ,creating a flow of pure
anI healthy bile, rmsead of the .-taic and acrid
kind-Flatulency, Palpitation if the Heart, Los,
of Appetite, Heart-burn and Headache, Restless-
ness, Ill-temper, Anxiety, Langour, and Melan-
choly, which are the general symptoms of Dys-
pepsia, will vanish a. a natural consequence of its
cure. Costiveness, by ,cleansing the whole
length (.f the intestines without a violent po*
cess: all violent purges leave the bowels cos-
tive within two days. Diarrhea and Cho-
lera, by removing the sharp acrid fluids by
which these comipainims are occasioned, and
by promoting the lubricative secretions of the
mucous membrane. Fevers of all kinds, by restor-
ing the blood to a regular circulation through the
process of perspiration in some cases, and the tho-
rough solution of all intestinal obstructions in
others The Lite Medicines have been known to
cure Rheumatism permanently in three weeks,
and Gout in half that time, by removing local in-
fliininmation from the muscles and ligaments of the
joints. Dropsies of all kinds, by freeing and
I, *ehci,-ii., 'hi. kidneys and bladder; they ope-
il i1o i1-l .ie.,tihiilvy on those important organs,
and hence have ever been found a certain remedy
for the worst cases of Gravel. Also Worms, by
disl< dging from the turnings of the bowels the slimy
matter to which these creatures adhere; Asthma and
Consumption, by relieving the air vessels of the
lungs from the mucous, which even slight colds will
occasion, which if not removed becomes hardened,
and produces those dreadful diseases. Scurvy,
ulcers, and Inveterate Sores, by the perfect purity
which these Life Pills give to the blood, and the
rumors; Scorbutic Eruptions and Bad Complexions,
by their alterative effect .upon the fluids that feed
the skin, the morbid state of which occasions all
Eruptive complaints, Sallow, Cloudy, and other
disagreeable Complexions. The use of these Pills
for a very short time, will effect as entire cure of
Salt Rheum, Er. jia. and a striking improve-
ment in the clearness of the skin Common Colds
and Influenza will always be cured by one dose,
or by twc, even in the worst cases. Piles-as a
remedy for this most distressing and obstinate ma-
lady, the Vegetable Life Pills deserve a distinct
and emphatic recommendation. It is well known
to hundreds in this city, that the originator of
these invaluable Pills was himself afflicted with
this complaint for upwards of thirty-five years,
and that he tried in vain every remedy prescribed
within the whole compass of the Materia Medica.
He, however, at length, tried the medicine which
he now offers to the public, and he was cured in a
very short time, after his recovery had been pro-
nounced not only improbable, but absolutely impos-
sible, by an human means.
All that Mr. Moffat requires of his patients is to
be particular in taking the life medicines strictly
according to the directions. It is not by a news-
paper notice, or by any thing that he himself may


say in their favor, that he hopes to gain credit. It
is alone by the results of a fair trial.
ADVICE TO FEMALES.-Femalcs who value
good health should never be without the life Me-
dicines, as they purify the blood, remove obstruc-
tions, and give the skin a beautiful, clear, healthy,
and blooming appearance.
TO PARENTS AND OTHERS.-Persons of a
plethoric habit, who are subject to fits, headache,
giddiness, dimness of sight, or drowsiness, from too
great a flow of blood to the head, should take it
frequently. Children and persons of all ages, may
take them at any time, as they do not contain mer-
cury, or any ingredient that requires confinement
or resiriction of diet.
TO ELDERLY PERSONS.-Many healthy
aged individuals, who know the value of Moffat's
Life Medicines, make it a rrle to take them two or
three times a week, by t.vhich they remove the
causes that produce disease, preserve their health,
and keep off the infirmities of age.
HEADS OF FAMILIES should always keep a
quantity of the Life Medicines in the House, as a
remedy in cases of sudden illness; for by their prompt
administration, Cholera Morbus, Gout in the
stomach, Cramps, Spasms, Fevers, and other
alarming complaints, which too often prove fatal,
may be speedily cured or prevented.
FACTS FOR MOTHERS AND NURSES.-It
is a fact established by the annual bills of monra.
lity, that one-half of the children born are cut off
before attaining seven years of age, and the fruitful
uior f his morality s found o exist in that


foul state of the stomach aad bowels which pro-
duces the generation of worms. As the safe re-
storer of Infantine Health, in this critical state, the
Life Medicines have long held a distinguished re-
putation; and for foulness of the stomach and
bowels, and convulsions, although worms may not
exist, it is allowed to be superior to any other.
Sold wholesale and retail by W. B. MOFFAT,
No. 367, Boadway, New York, and by R. S.
Patterson, Washington. May 5-dly

PROSPECTUS FOR THE YEOMAN.-
The extraordinary success which attended
the "MAGICIAN" during the recent Presidential
campaign, has influenced thesubscribers to propose
a similar publication during the approaching Gu-
bernatorial contest, to be entitled THE YEOMAN.
The 1st No. will be issued on the FOURTH OF
MARCH next-giving the proceedings of the De-
mociatic State Convention, and will appear every
Thursday morning thereafter, to the close of the
campaign.
The approaching struggle for the Chief Magis-
tracy of Pennsylvania will unquestionably once
more fiercely arouse the conflicting elements of the
two great rival parties-Democratic and Federal.
The former, seeing nothing in recent results to in-
duce doubt of the intrinsic propriety of its mea-
sures, will leave not a stone unturned to regain
power, where it has been lost, and preserve it,
where it remains. The latter, emboldened by suc-
cess in the National Goverament, will extend its
Argus eyes into other quarters for objects of con-
quest; and endeavor to wrest from the Democracy
the ascendancy, which it yet fortunately retains in
many of the States. Having, by the unscrupulous
use of the "pipe laing" system, unexpectedly suc-
ceeded in storming the CITADEL of freedom,
their next object will be to secure the OUT-POSTS
of power, and thus perpetuate Federal dominion
in the country, and all its parts. Insatiate as the
horse-leech in their thirst for emolument and pow-
er, they will riot rest satisfied with the "loaves and
fishes," distributed from the bounteous table of the
White House," but are already seen seizing with
the avidity of half-famished vultures upon the
"spoils" in the respective States. Not content with
the power of consummating their anti-republican
schemes in the council-chambers at Washington,
the different members of the Confederacy are each
to be subjugated in turn, and made, nolens volenis, to
"bend the knee to Baal." .The Executive chair of
Pennsylvania will constitute a prize of paramount
importance; and already is the enemy marshalling
its; forces to displace the. present faithful and en-
lightened incumbent. However eminent his ser-
vices-however irreproachable his life-however
sagacious and patriotic his policy-he must be
marked for ostracism, because he is a Demobrat!
"C.iESAR OR NOTHING" is inscribed upon the
Federal banner.
These hostile demonstrations must be met by a
corresponding energy and activity on our part.
The Sampson of Democracy must not lie down in
supineness, and permit the Delilah of Federalism
to shear him of his strength, without an effort to
preerve it! The flag of -'ennsylvania must not
be struck! No, NEVER! The 4th of March
convention, it is well ascertained, will nominate by
an UNANIMOUS vote DAVID R. PORTER for
re-election. Eminently does he deserve it at the
hands of the people! Gloriously has he realized
the ardent expectations of his friends! It was he,
emphatically he, who in the darkest hour of peril
SAVED THE REPUBLIC! His talismanic
touch restored the decayed remnant of public credit
to life and animation His prudent counsels-his
dignified and statesmanlike policy, saved the ship
of State from being sunk into the vortex which at
one time threatened to engulf her! He bade the
tempestuous billows, menacing devolution and de-
struction, "be still," and they were calm! With
such a flag-bearer, leading the Democratic clans
into the field of battle, VICTORY must and will
perch upon our banner! At the rally of his name,
thousands of true-hearted Pennsylvanians will
again, wish sinewy arms and bold and buoyant
hearts, lift aloft the flag of ancient Democracy,
and under its gorgeous folds redeem their Common-
wealth Irom the disgrace of October last. What a
noble wreath will entwine the brow of the venera-
ble "KEYSTONE OF THE ARCH," when SHE will be
found TotE FIRST to cleanse and purify her po-
i tlical escutcheon, and return to her 'fiist love!"
Then, as in '98, when the country was writing in
the anaconda folds of the "Reign of Terror," she
will lead the van in redeeming her from Federal
profanation! Then her voice will again constitute
the Shiboleth of the Republican faith, the "pillar
of fire by night and the cloud by day," and be ho-
nored and respected in the land. Then, too, the
vile heresies of the Federalists-a National Bank,
a national system of internal improvements-the
suspension of specie payments-ithe assumption of
the State debts-all so eminently at war with sound
policy and a strict construction of the Cinsittution
-will be stamped with the "broad seal" of public
reprobation.
It is to assist, to the extent of its feeble abilities,
in the achievement of this. political triumph in the
Keystone, that the "YEOMAN" is proposed to be
started. Its objects will be:
To examine and declare the cardinal points in
the Democratic creed, and defend from unmerited
obloquy the men selected to enforce them.
To trace Federalism fairly, but faithfully, through
the labyrinth of falsehood, cunning, and FRAUD,
which it invariably pursues.
To exchange signals with fellow-laborers in other
sections of the Stateand advocate "UNION AND
HARMONY" in the Democratic ranks.
To penetrate, if it can be done, by its extreme
cheapness, the remotest habitations, and rouse the
Republicans every where to action, ACTION, AC-
TION!!.
To furnish, in a succession of numbers, a faith
ful and authentic account of the ever memorable
BUCKSHOT WAR, and the unpublished pro-
ceedings of the COMMITTEE OF SAFETY,
which has long been a desideratum in the political
world.
HUTTER & BIGLER.
Harrisburg, Pa. February, 1841.
TERMS.
The "Yeoman" will be of the same size as was
the Magician, printed with new type, and on supe-
rior paper. The price:
Single copy #l 00
Six copies 5 00
Twelve do 10 00
Twenty-five do 20 00
tIs" We mean to make no debts at all. We
abjure all credit, and will in all cases insist upon
the CASH system.
13iiCurrent bank notes received at par value.
April 29-d4w

POLITICAL ECONOMY, LEGISLATION,
STATISTICS, CURRENCY AND FI-
NANCE, &c. &c.-For sale by F. TAYLOR.-.
Lieber's Political Ethics, 2 volumes. Lieber's Le-
gal and Political Hermeneutics, 1 volume. Cur-
rency and Banking, by Condy Raguet, new edition,
1 volume. Coudy Raguet's Register of Currency
and Finance, Commercial and Banking Statisties
2 volumes. Raguet's State Right Documents, 1
volume. Raguet's Free Trade Advocate and Poli
tical Economy, 2 volumes. Raguet's Principles ol
Free Tra te, 1 volume octavo, 1840. Inquiry inte
the Princ pIes and Policy of the United States Go.
vernment, by John Taylor, of Caroline county, Va.
1 volume. Tyranny Unmasked, by the same aa
thor, 1 volume octavo. Albert Gallatin's Conside-
rations on the Currency and Banking System of the
United States. Albert Gallatin on the Maine


Boundary, 1 volume, 1840, with eight maps. Le
gislative and Documentary History of the Bank ot
the United States and of the Original Bank of North
America, 1 octavo volume of 800 pages, giving the
entire Proceedings, Debates, and Resolutions of
Congress upon the various bills and project for a
National Bank, since the formation of the Go em--
inent. History of Banks, European and Ameri-
can, 1 volume. And many others of the same
class of literature and science. Dec. 14
G EOLOGY AS A SCIENCE applied to prac-
tical purposes, by John Rooke, 1 vol. Lon-
don, 1840.
Humble's Dictionary of Geology, 1 vol. Lon-
don, 1840.
Organic Chemistry in its application to Agricul-
ture and Physology, by Professor Liebig. Lon-
don, 1840.
Macgillivray's Geology, London, 1840.
Leithart on Mineral Veins, 1 vol. London.
Robert's Dictionary of Geology, London, 1839.
Burr's Practical Geology-Smith's "Scripture
and Geology."
Just received from London by F. TAYLOR,
who has on hand the works of Lyell, Ure, Boase,
Buckland, Dana, Silliman, Thompson, Bakewell,
Parkinson, de la Beche, and others, on Mineralo-
gy, Geology, Conchology, and Chemistry, in all
their branches, for sale at low prices.
February 5.
EN THOUSAND A YEAR.-Cbeap; price
Ji 25 cents per volume, in paper binding. "
April 23 F. TAY4.OR,