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F.P. Blair ( City of Washington D.C )
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oclc - 8786354
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Full Text
/ go7-J7 T,


Dily p, -r, by e vr r .. .... 010 00
'. h i:i Li... a year, $1 per month.
tSemi-week.,a' *. 1-y the year . 5 00
., *. |,r. e i i r, C Iefn r1 0 1'0'l
r '.i l'@rf JLi ,/: i.i l.'i -rI... i. .. -. r ..rr. . r ', -. I 1 00
Ap ,i l.- l..,., 1 0I
iSticripiona LtO tie aily for less than two, or to the Semi-
wee ,k ly r.r i o*< i K .. ,, i. ur .. ...'l> f w ll, I. 'e^.
Subbw'riC- i6 n. I) ,d ;,.'.I,,,,, 'I, ,r r,, f '' ",, r ?,
Inglor 'hi limethey have received r.. ... t. .
T .i,. w t-. sub scribe fo r a y ear ., ... , i
subecribing order a discontinuanc. ..i . r.
conidered subscribere until they ordor the paper to be stopped,
and pay arrearages
Tweir linrs, .'.r i.. 1', ilr'.: i- v 'in, $ 61 00
E V(IrV di t,l i...,ail Ir, ,l,..r,, 0 2
h..,' /.. r ',.O ... rn' ". .,. '. proportion.
." .' 'I.... .. ..
r k. 7 .' Ip r. .,,u r ri '. .. ,, ,. ,
m nl aII 'T A i i?, ,e a o.,,i ,. 11:... ,j.i ir... I '. i i i/
ar., I
ptllt *'rmi. '.'I.I t ".ImI l,". I .r'i..i
0 i il a.10 1 u W ,-. ,i I I lt .. .' r' ',
m 'S 'J i f~.2'i T -"i/ .1i1 .J .'1 ** L *. 1.
3.- It Ii re the Proprietors, charged with postage, wilt
notr': af the PoAt Qr(ee.

The Passenger trains on this road will
daily %' tart as follows, viz:
At 6 o'clock, a. min. and at 31 o'clock, p.
At 9 o'clock, a. min. and at 4 o'clock, p. m.
Passengers by the morning train, if proceeding
westwaidly, can connect with the Western train on
the Baltimore and Ohio rail road at the Relay house,
reach Frederick in time for the Western stages
that leave there at 12 o'clock, noon, or Harper's
Ferry, in time for the evening train to Winchester,
while passengers travelling eastwardly are con-
veyed through to Philadelphia without unnecessary
detention at Baltimore, reaching Philadelphia in
time for the evening line to New York; and thu.
accomplishing the journey from Washington to
New York in one day.
Under ni circumstances whatever can the train
be delayed beyond the hour fixed for starting. It
is, therefore tespevtfully suggested that passengers
procure their tickets the previous e, eni,?: t. ena-
le them to do which, the office will be kept open
tilt half past seven o'clock, p. m. By order.

December 13, 1837.
T is respectfully made known that merchandise
or other commodities received at this Depot,
for delivery in this city, or to be forwarded to Bal-
timore, or to points on the line of the road, will
hereafter be subject to the following regulations, of
which those interested will please take notice:
1st, The freight and charges on all goods con-
signed to individuals in this city or its vicinity
must be paid before their removal from the Depot.
2d, Commodities offered for transportation must
be distinctly marked, and be accompanied by a
list, in duplicate, of the number and description of
packages to be forwarded, the name of the con-
signee, and of the party forwarding the same,
otherwise they cannot be received.
The Company will not be responsible for damage
arising from leakage or breakage, nor will they be
responsible for damage alleged to have been re-
ceived by any goods or commoditiesti ansported by
them, unless the claim shall be made before the
renm, vhl of the goods from the Depot. Further,
if goods which shall have been transported on this
road be not received or taken away by their con-
signers or owners, on the day of their arrival ct the
Depot, the Company will not be responsible for
or pay any claims for loss or damage which may
be sustained by such goods; in other words, it'
goods, as above described, be permitted to remain
ia or on the cars on the railway, or at the Depot,
one or more nights after their arrival, they will
remain so at the exclusive risk of the owners or
The hours for receiving and delivering goods
will, until further notice, be from 9 a. m. until
4 p. im. By order,
Dec 13 SAM. STETTINIUS, Agent.


Baltimore, from the lower end of Spear's
wharf, every TUESDAY and FRIDAY EVE.
NINGS, at 3 o'clock, or soon after the arrival of ihe
Cars from Philadelphia, for Norfolk and Poits-
mouth, Va. Passengers going to Charleston or
New Orleans, will take the Railroad Cars next
morning at Portsmouth.
Thts is the quickest and most comfortable route
going South, (only one change to Weldon, N. C.
277 miles, and eight or ten by any other route to
the same point and part of them in the dead of
night,) particularly at this season of theyear, when
the Potomac is obstructed by ice.
The line has been in operation 24 years, and the
public have never sustained loss ii i 1' or limb.
For passage, apply to J. W. Il: iiW N, Agent,
Jan 1-6w lower end of Spear's wharf.

^*Splendid Ca rri:a '-,..
.M.t-"J ALM UF./1CTORY, .". 888 and
as2910, Race st.-L. KNOWIES,
for A. KNOWLES, begs leave very respectfully
to t etura his grateful l than ks to the citizens of Phila-
delphia, and to his friends throughout the Union,
for thelarge and iiicr-a.ln-i patronage he has re-
ceived since he commenced business, anti informs
them that he has now on hand, and is constantly
finishir g, CARRIAGES of every pattern and de-
scription, which he will warrant both as to the du-
rability of the workmanship and elegance of finish.
In consequence of various circumstances, such
as the entire saving of the cost of tiansportation
and the expense of the damage incident thereto,
the saving of large commissions to agents, and the
reduction in the price of labor, he will sell car-
riages and Fther vehicles, manufactured in a first
rate and superior style, at thirty-five per cent. un-
der the prices of last year.
All orders thankfully received and promptly
In eonsequenc of his constant personal atten-
tion to the business in Philadelphia, he is able to
warrant that all carriages shail be in a superior
style of finish and workmanship to any heretofore
manufactured at Amherst, Massathusetis.
Carriages boxed up and sent to order to any part
of the Union, at the shortest notice.
N. B. York wagons of every pattern, finished in
the most superior manner, on hand, and will be
sold far below the prices of any which have been
heretofore offered for sale in this city.

L. K. having made ar-ar-.- n i.; with the
Trenton manufactory of .arrnii. l r..ti and best
Felloes, he will keep constantly on hand a general
assortment of all sizes and patterns of those arti-
cles, made of the very beot materials, which he will
dispose of at reduced prices.
Dec 19

for 1840, containing a list of the officers ol
the United States Government, Army and Navy
list, and other useful information, is jut published
and for sale by WM. M. MORRISON,
Dec 27 Four doors west of Brown's Hotel.

THE JURIST, a monthly Law and Equity
Reporter of cases decided in the House
of Lords, Privy Council, Chancellor's Court, Rolls
Court, Exchequer, Queen's Bench, Bail Court,
Common Pleas, Court of Review, &c. fully and
accurately reported by eminent barristers expressly
for this work.
The original reports are published at a great ex-
pense; in this series they will all be given forseven
dollars per annum, in twelve large monthly num-
bers, with the farther advantage of getting them
much earlier than they have heretofore been sup-
plied to the profession.
The first numbers may be examined at F. TAY-
LOR'S Bookstore, where subscriptions will be re-
ceived, and the work forwarded to any part of the
United States, strongly enveloped, and at a trifling
pstgle. Jaa 4

(f9 f'/ b



Has removed his office to Pennsylvania avenue, a
few doors west of the City Post Office.
Oct 29-dactp3mn
Have associated in the practice of the Law, and
will attend the Superior Courts of the Middle and
Ap'.l.,hlii.l.i Districts, and the Court of Appeals

Business entrusted to their care will meet with
prompt attention.
Tallahassee, Oct. C-Oct. 29-d6m
Residing at Smithland, mouth of Cumberlanil
river, Kentucky, offers his services to the public as
a General Land Agent in that portion of the State.
He also will attend specially to the collection of all
claims in that quarter.
RErFERENCE.-Col. G. Croghan, Washington
city. Nov 2-3m
ORPHANS' COURT, Jan. 14, 1S40.
District of Columbia, WVashington county, to wit:
()twg APPLICATIOr', in writing, it is ordered,
t ihir .J.m Williams be appointed adminis-
trator on the estate of William Holland, deceased,
unless cause to the contrary be shown, on or be.
fore the second Tuesday in Febuary next; pro-
vi ted a copy thiss order be published in the Globe
and trite tigencer newspapers once a week for three
Successive weks previous to said second Tuesday
in February next N. P. CAUSIN.
True copy-Test: EDW. N. ROACH,
Jan 17-w3w Register of Wills
ORPHANS' COURT, Jan. 10, 1840.
District of Columbia, Washington county, zo wit:
IL)RDERED,on application, that Jchn McElroy
bly e appointed administrator, wih the* will
annexed, on the personal estate of William
McSherry, deceased, unless cauno to the contrary
be shown oun or before the Tuesday in Febru-
ary next: Provided, a copy of this order be pub-
lished in the Intelligencer and Globe newspapers
oace a week for three successive weeks previous
to said first Tuesday in February next.
True copy.-Test: ED. N. ROACH,
Jan 11-w3w Register of Wilts.
T AKE NOTICE.-D. L. 1'IOGAN, from Phi-
ladelphia, would most respectfully inform
the ladies and gentlemen of Washington, that he
has arrived here wih a large and splendid assotit-
ment of Ornamental Hair Work of all descriptions,
such as ladies' and gentlemen's Wigs, Scalps, Fri-
zettes, Curls, Mohair Caps, and French
Flowers for the hair, all of the newest fashion.
Mr. H. would inform the ladies that he will diess
their hair at the following prices:
For att lending once $1
Do. twelve times 8
Do. every day, per month 10
At Mrs. Bihler's Fancy store, Pennsylvania
avenue, between 9ih and 10th streets.
Wigs of the best quality and workmanship, $12;
metallic and plain ladies' do.
The subscriber is from the firm of Gotlieb and
II *--., Lad es' Hlair Dressers, Philadelphia.
11 ,.7-eo2w*,
,"I .V'l~I \VIMI^ --,t,7' t.-le,,ratlbl \'E~tI:I:-
NA CREAM SOAP, the best artkle ever
offered for shaving: for sale by Dr. Watkins, S. J.
Todd, Charles Stott, J. L. Peabody, R. S. Patter-
son, W. Kirkwood, E. H. and C. H. James, F.
Howard,in Washington; 0. M. Linthicumt, George-
town, and W. Stabler and others, in Alexandria.

medicine is now offered to the public, as the best
remedy now in use fur the cure cf the above named
diseases. It is extensively recommended by Phy-
sicians, Cl. rttii, int. and others, to whom the recipe
has been freely made known.
See circulars containing particulars, and nume-
rous certificates which may be had gratis of all
the agents. Hoadly, Phelps, and Co. Wholesale
Druggists, 142 Water street, New York, are ap-
pointed General Agents, and are prepared to sup-
ply venders on the Proprietor's best terms.
I. COVERT & Co. Proprietors,
Auburn, New York.
_. Tli PILLS.-These Pills continue to main-
tain the celebrity which they so rapidly and exten-
sively acquired, and have proved themselves an
uneqalled remedy as anrt alternative in Dyspepsia,
Chronic, and Glandular diseases, and as a Cathar-
tic in all Bilious affections, and Family Physic;
as from their nature and composition they are par-
ticularly mild and salutary in their operation.
The testimonials of their superior beneficial effects
from Physicians and di.i;nri-.he.I individuals,
places them beyond the t..iit].Ul t.:medies of the
dlay, and warrants thle proprietor in claiming for
them superior consideration.
*,* As there are other and different Tomato
Pills now advertised, and some even as "Phelps's"
those wishing the genuine should be particular to
get those signed G. R. Phelps, M. D. Hartford,
Conn. For testimonials see pamphlets in the
hands of all those who sell them.
For sale by the proprietor, Hartford, Connecti-
cut; and by agents in most of the principal towns
in the United States.
The undersigned, a graduate of the University of
Vienna, has opened a school for the instruction of
pupils in the various branches of a thorough edu-
cation. Among these will be taught the Greek
Latin, and French languages, Mathematics and
Did .un".
Fri.nch is to be, as far as practicable, the lan-
guage of conversation.
The number of scholars is to be limited, and, as
several are already engaged, it is desirable that
those who wish to enter this institution may send
in their names at an early day.
Public examinations will be instituted at the end
of each quarter.
Terms moderate. Payments quarterly, in ad-
The nrn.]er:ir.-e.1 will continue to give, in the
evening, private lessons in the above languages, as
in the German, Italian, and Spanish.
REERENCEs-Messrs. Alexander Dimitry, J. H.
Offley, J S. Wilson, ant his numerous pupils now
receiving private lessons, a list of whom may be
seen at the academy.
P. S. A gentleman competent to teach the ordi-
nary branches of a polite education, can find em-
ployment in the family of a gentleman residing
near the District of Columbia, by applying to the
subscriber: one able to teach music also would be
preferrej. Nov 1-if

"TIMBM EI I NG CURED.-Dr. Comstock'.,
S'V..c (it Gnina unt and Lyceum for Elocution,
Piilh.l- it ha --Th.. mistitution is open from the
first of September till the last of June-during July
and August there is a vacation. All desirous of
instruction, either for the cure of STAMMERING,
LISPING, or improvement in ELOCUTION, may learn
the conditions of
No. 100 Mulberry (Arch) street, Phiadelphia.
0__.Recently published, and forsale by the au-
thor, 100 Arch street, Comstock's Practical Elocu-
tion, or System of Vocal Gymnastics, with Re-
marks on stammering: illustrated by engravings.
Dr. Comstock's Remarks on Stammering, and
numerous recommendations which he has obtained
of his System of Vocal Gymnastics, are appended
to his circular, which shall be sent to any one who
may wish to learn more upon the subject of his in-
stitution. Satisfactory references can be given in
the principal cities of the United States,
Jan 6-dlino

TRYON, SON & Co, No. 134, North 2d
street, Philadelphia, Manufacturers of Firearms of
every description, arid, from their extensive facili-
ties and long experience, ear- hill all orders en-
trusted to them with promptness, and on the best
terms. Dec'14-6m

Street, London, manufacturing silversmiths
and jewellers, beg leave to announce that they have
juwt arrived, with a new and fashionable assort
merit of Jewellery, Plate, and plated articles, of the
very best quality and workmanship, which are now
ready for inspection at their rooms, 20 Warren
street, near Broadway, New York.
1 ENDERICH'S PORTRAITSofthe President,
Vice Piesident, Messrs. Rives Forayth, Ben-
ton, Webster, Clay, Kendall, ".,iii .,a t. Wood-
bury, Pominsett, Wall, Calhoun, Southard, Polk,
Grunly, and many others, all of them acknow-
ledged to be the best portraits ever produced in the
UnitedStates, are just received, and for sale by
Jan 1 F. TAYLOR.
S ing the Middle Ages, by Henry Hallam,
from the sixth London edition, complete in 1 vol.
is for sale cheap at the Book and ui.ti...., r Store
of W.M. 1MORRI-ON,
Dec 30 Four doors we t of Brown's Hotel.
NGLISH 8YNONYMES, with copious Il-
lustrations and Explanations, drawn from
t-r, ..i writers. A new edition, enlarged, by
George Crabb, M. A. author of the Universal
Technological Di(tionary and the Universal Hifto-
rical Distionary, is for sale by
Dec 30 Four doors west of Brown's Hotel.
IH AIR TONIC.-For producing a fine growth
of Hair, many testimonials accompany each
bottle. The f..iI..a ns is from a disinterested
source, is worthy of attention.
JAYNE'S HAIa ToNIC.-We have, heretofore
numbered ourselves among those who believed that
"Alibert's Hair Tonic," sold by Dr. Jayne, was
one of the many quack nostrums whose virtues
are never seen beyond the fulsome puffs of their
authors. We are willing, at length, to make pub-
lic acknowledgment of the error of our belief. An
intimate friend, some two or three months since,
all the top of whose craniunm was as bald as a
piece of polished marble, maugre all our jesting
and ridicule of the idea of attempting to cultivate
so barren a spot, purchased a bottle or two of the
Hair Tonic from Dr. Jayne, and according to his
directions applied it. During the present week
the same friend ushered himself into our presence,
and uncovering his hitherto naked head, astonished
us with a thin, though luxuriant growth of hair,
from one to two inches in length-upon the very
premises we had believed as unyielding to cultiva-
tion as the trackless sand that skirts the Atlantic.
This is no puff, but is religiously true, and, ito those
who doubt, the gentleman can be pointed out. What
is more in favor of this "Tonic," the case here
cited was not one of temporary baldness-no sud-
den loss of the hair-but was one of years' stand-
ing, though the gentleman is but forty-five years of
age.-Philadelphia Spirit of the Times of Oct. 21,1839.
For sale at
Nov. 2 TODD'S, Drug Store.
X continues to undertake the agency of claims
before Congress, and other branches of the Go
vernment, including commissioners under treaties,
and the various public offices. He will attend to
pre-emption and other land claims, the procuring
of patents for public lands, and the confirmation
by Congress of grants and claims to lands; claims
for horses and other property lost in, or taken for,
the service of the United States; property destroyed
by the Indians, or while in the possession of the
United States; invalid, revolutionary, navy, wi-
dows' and half-pay pensions; claims for Revolu-
tionary services, whether for commutation, half-
pay, or bounty ands-as welt those against the
State of Virginia as the United States; all claims
growing out of Sontracts with the Government, or
damages sustained in consequence of the action or
conduct of the Government'; ani indeed any busi-
ness before Congress or the public offices, which
may require the aid of an agent or attorney. His
charges will be moderate, and depending upon the
amount of the claim and the extent of the service.
He is also Agent for the American Life Insu-
rance and Trust Company, which has a capital of
two millions of dollars paid in; and for the Balti-
more Fire Insurance Company.
Mr. F. A. Dickins is known to most of those
who have been in Congress within the last few
years, or who have occupied any public station at
His office is on Pennsylvania avenue, second
door from 15th street.
All letters must be post paid. July 18-dly
The Commonwealth of Peensylvania to the Sheriff of
[L. S.] said Co,,nty. i,o .,,:
IF ELNATHAN G,.01':ll':H make you se-
cure of prosecuting his claim, then we com-
mand you that you summon, by good and lawful
summons, Lyman Alexander and Minerva Alex-
ander, who has for her guardian ad litem Stephen
Pierce, late of your county Yeioman, so that they
be and appear before our judges at Towanda, at
our county court of common pleas, there to be held
the second Monday of February next, to show
wherefore, whereas, they, the aforesaid Elnailian,
and the aforesaid Lyman and Minerva, who has
for her guardian ad litemn Stephen Pierce, together
and undivided, do hold in unequal shares a tract
of land situate in Columbia township, in said
county of Bradford, containing one hundred and
s xty acres of land with the appurtenances, bounded
on the north by lands of widow, on the
east by lands of Jas. Lamb, on the south by lands
of Jere Adams, on the west by lands of Eli Baird.
The same Lyman and Minerva, who has for her
guardian adi litem Slephen Pierce, partition thereof
between them to be made, (according to the laws
and customs of this Commonwealth, in such case
made and provided) do gainsay, and the same to
be done, do not permit, very unjustly, and against
the same laws and customs, (as mis ta~d, etc.) and
have you then and there this writ.
Witness the honorable John N. Conyngham,
president of our said Court at Towanda, this 19th
day of Dfcember, 1839.
DAVID CASH, Prothonotary, per
J. M. WATTLES, Deputy.
All persons interested in the premises above de-
scribed, will take notice of the above writ and its
requirements. I. H. STEPHENS, Shff.
Sheriff's Office, Towanda, Dec. 20, 1839.
Dec 30-w6wcp

LIFE: A new anl valuable remedy for the cure ef
and all diseases of the LUNGS and WINDPIPE;
extensively used and recommended by the Medical
Faculty, to whom the recipe has been freely made
A supply of the above remedy just received at
Jan 8--1m TODD'S Drug Store.

C HEAP GOODS.-We offer for sale,
Figured Gros de Nap. Silks at 75 cents
Plain do do do 65
Pain Pou de Soie 87*
Black ground Mousselaines, from $3 75 to $5 50
epr dress
Colored do do 2 25 to 8 00
French Merincs 1 00 to 1 75
English do 50 to 80
With other articles, which will be offered at re-
duced prices, by A. W. & J. E. TURNER.

one volume, price $2 25: by Asa Kinne; dedicated
to, and recommended by, Chancellor Kent. Just
published, and this day received and for sale by

VIRGaNtIA-At a Circuit Superior Court of Law UROPEAN AGENCY.-The undersigned
and Chancery of Fauquier county, held on the Ej respeclfullyinfourms the public that he in-
19th day of October, 1839. tends to continue his AGENCY business wi h Eng-
IN CHANCERY. land, Iceland, and Scotland, and other parts of
Thomas Priest and Jemima Winn, plaintiffs, Europe. Having visited Europe annually, and
against carried on the Agrency for upwards of twenty
Thomas S. Priest and Mary Priest, admr. and yeirs past, he i-. now desirous of confining it to
admx. of Lewis Priest, deceased; Henry Priest, such busines as can be realized without much
'ii i;n: administrator, with the will annexed, of trouble or d.lay, either by himself in person, or by
I ,.t. ',,..,. sr. deceased, and in his own right; his Bankers or Agents, as he may determine on.
George Conrad, and Mary Ann his wife; Samuel Tnis agency will therefore hereafter be strictly con-
Hamrick, and Sarah his wife; Julia Priest, James fined to the receipt ot Legacies and Hereditary
H. Priest, Frances Priest, Elizabeth Priest, and property in Eorope and America, and the remit-
Thomas Priest, infants, by William F. Phillips, lance of money. It is, therefore, requested that
their guardian, ad litem, defendants, every person, a .ii l.;r, by letter, give a true and
N the motion of the plaintiffs, by council, clear statement of such Legacy,&c. so that a definite
leave is given to amend their bill and make reply may at once be given, and thereby trouble
Peter 'riest a defendant; whereupon the bill was and delay prevented.
amen tled s,, by interlining it; and this Money remittances made to every post town in
cause came on to be heard on the papers formerly England, Ireland, and Scotland, and to nearly four
read, and the report of Aquila Glafctck and Isaac hundred cities and towns on the continent of Eu-
Lake made pursuant to the decree of the 12th of rope. Address "JAMFS STUART,
May, 1838, to which there is no exception, and European Agent, Pittsburgh, Pa."
was argued by counsel; on consideration whereof, Jan. 20-8t
the Court doth approve of and confirm the said U a hrb
report; and it being suggested to the Court that 1 AUTION.-All persons are here hereby
James Priest, a son and legatee of Thomas Priest, C warmeA not to purchase or take any lien
sr. deceased, departed the Commonwealth of Vir upon the real estate of John B Steenbergen, situated
ginia more than twenty years ago; that he has not in Virginia, Pennsylvania, Indiana, Michigan, Il-
since been heard of; that he is supposed to have linois, Wisconsin, or Iowa, or any part of it; aid
died intestate, without wife, children, og descend- further not to purchase or take any lien unon his
ants; that letters of administration have not been personal estate or any part of it. ThIe reason of
granted upon his estate; and that, if dead, the per- this caution is, that his whole estate real and per-
sons entitled to the legacy brqueathed to him by s-mal is pledged by several written contracts to oe-
the said Thos. Priest, sr. are Thomas Priest, Je- cure a debt due to the United States Bank of Penn-
minma Winn, Thos. S. Priest, Mary Priest, ( :. -.,Ivar ;ai.. which contracts will tbe enforced by law,
two last being administrator and administratrix of and his property subjecfed. His whole estate is
Lewis Priest, deceased,) Henry Pries', and Peter moreover pledged ia writing to indemnify the un-
P iest; or, instead of the said Pter, his children, dersigned and others for their liability, if any, as
Mary Ann Conrad, wife of George Conrad, Sarah tis endorsers at the said Bank. This public notice
Hamrnick, wile of Samuel Hamrick, Julia Priest, is given to prevent any innocent persons from be-
Thomas Priest, Frances Priest, and Elizabeth ing involved in a controversy in regard to this pro-
Priest-the Court doth adjudge, order, and decree, party. Any further information will be given by
that a publication be made in some newspaper of the undersigned, or by the officers of the Bank of
general circulation, printed in the city of Wash- tte United States tf Pennsylvania.
ington, once a week for three months, subscribed JAMES M. H. BEALE, of Va.
by Henry Priest, i, ir, administrator, with the Jan 22-eod3t
will annexed, of Tl, .-,a- Priest, sr. deceased, set- The National Intelligencer, Richmond Enquirer,
ting forth his death; that he died in the county of Baltimore American, Pennsylvanian, and New
Fauquier, in Viiginia, seized and possessed of real York E..,.,.. Pot will please insert the above
and personal estate; that James Priest, hi son, de- adveiti ement to the amount of $1 50 each, and
parted the State of Virginia more than twenty charge the Globe office, and forward a copy of
years ago; that no intelligence has since been re- their papers to the residence of Mr. Beale at Mount
ceived of him; requiring him, if living, or, if he be Jackson, Virginia.
(lead, his legal representatives, to make himself or SEED AND HORTICULTURAL
themselves known; to set forth any claim which V. AREHOUSE, No. 97, Chesnut street,
he or they may have to any portion of the estate of .,iove Third, Philadelphia. The sub-
Thomas Priest, sr.deceased; and givingnotice thatif scribers offer fc.r sale a fuesh and full
he or they shall fail, before the next term, to make asorment of warranted Garden Seeds, of their
himself or themselves known, that the Court will own growth, and finest quality, including all the
proceed to dispose of any interest uhich he or newest and mot approved varieties.
they may have in the estate of the said Thomas Field, Farming, and Grass Seeds.
Priest, sr. deceased. And tha Court doth further Flower Seeds, the largeA collection for sale in
adjudge, order, and decree, that an account be Philadelphia.
taken by one of the Commissioners of this Court, Bulbous Roots, in uncommon variety, imported
of any portion of the estate of Thomas Priest, sr. annually from the first Florists in Germany,
deseased, which has not heretofore been distri- France, and England, sand orf our own growth.
buted; and that the said commissioner ac rtaui Superb Double Dahlias, one of the largest and
the legatees or distributes of Thomas Priest, de- finest collections ever offered for sale. Our Dahlias
ceased, interested in the same, and th- portions took the first prize at th- Pennsylvania Horticul-
thereof to which they are respectively entitled, and tural Society's exhibition in 1839.
that the commissioner make report of his proceed- Green and Hot House Plants, of the most supe-
ings to the Court, stating specially aay matter rir kind.
that he may deem pertinent, or that may be re- Farming and Fancy Garden Tools, Publica-
quired by any party to be so stated. tions, &c.
A copy-test. WM. F. PHILLIPS, CIk. French Sugar Beet, Ru'a Baga and Mangel
Jan 6-law3m T-_....i.--. r .... Ii9n

NEW ORLEANS, Dec. 9, 1839.
Banks Arcade, S:11.i'mitI, City Hotel, $500,000, &.
I IHE depositing of the numbers in the wheel
commenced on the 2d inst. in the City Et:-
change, in New Orleans, in presence cfLucien
Hermann, esq. notary public, and will be conti
nued from day to day until all the numbers, from
No. 1 to 100,000 are deposited therein; imme-
diately after which the dait.'- of the lottery will
take place. During this p,-'.tl, which will proba-
bly take about four i.ii. '.il-.., and as long as there
are tickets on hand, ih,-y ,il remain for sale.
False and calumnious statements against th;s
lottery, calculated to create a want of confidence
with persons residing at a distance from this city,
having been published in one or two newspapers
in the United States, and from them copied into
others, and which eilher originated from ignorance
or malice, the subscriber, in order to satisfy the
most sceptical as to the good faith with which this
undertaking is conducted, has entered into the fol-
lowing arrangement with three of the first banking
institutions in this city, namely: the Union Bank
of Louisiana, the Citizens Bank of Louisiana, and
the New Orleans Canal and Bank; ompan'.
These banks will receive special deposbe, for any
quantity of tickets, in amounts of nu. resa than
one hundred dollars, and give, in return', a certifi-
cate of the following tenor:
Received from MAr.- the sum of -- dol-
lars, as a special deposit-, to remain to his crcdi'
until all the prizes which form the scheme of the
Grand Real Estate Lottery of Property situated in
New Orleans, of which Schmidt and Hamilton are
managers, sht 11 have been transferred, free of any
encumbrance, to the trustees of said lottery: J. B.
Perrault, esq. cashier of the Citizens Bank of Lou-
isiana; Atede A. Baudoin, cashier of the Conso-
lidated Association of Bankers of Louisiana, jointly
with Lfuis Schmidt, said trustees acting as per
act passed before A. Mazureau, notary public, on
thie 2d May, 1839, when said dollars shall
be paid over to Louts Schmidt, acting manager of
said lottery, on his endorsing this certificate.
New OrlIans, 18 .
Orders for tickets on the above terms may be
addressed to any merchant in New Orleans, or by
a remittance to the cashiers of the abova named
banks, to wit: Frederick Frey, esq. cashier of the
Union Bank of Louisiana; J. B. Perrault, cashier
of the Citizens Bank of Louisiana; Bev. Chew, esq.
cashier of the New Orleans Canal and Banking
The great popularity of this lottery throughout
this and the neighboring States, where the proper-
ties and the parties interested therein are known,
and the rapid sale of the tickets, induces the sub-
scriber to notify his friends and the public to lose
no time in forwarding their orders.
Acting Manager.
New Orleans, Dec. 11, 1839.
Det 21-2saw2m
!4 A M ,lit A F I '.-s N iVE L'S ':11 ,:% .- ; pI
Ej Matryatt's Novels, ten In number, well
printed on good paper, with engraved portrait,
neatly and strongly bound, price $3, published se-
parately, at prices amounting in the aggregate to
about $14. F. TAYLOR.
W- hnci,.r,., 25th January, 1840.
T HEf,.ll.. ,,.- r'-ro-i., late of the crtw ol the
brig ,Amn, i B. i n, John Hammond. mas
ter, captured by Don 1i, ,,t squadron, off Ter-
ceira, are entitled to certain moneys recovered
from the Government of Portugal, which will be
paid to them, their heirs or representatives, on ap-
plication to the Department of State, supported by
the necessary evidence, proving that they are le-
gally entitled theretc:
John Sherman, of Massachusetts, aged 27 years,
Thomas Bowman, of Virginia, aged 34 years,
John Hathaway, of Massachusetts, aged 41
years, seaman.
Charles L. Davis, of Massachusetts, aged 24
years, seaman.
Benjamin Hall, of Massachusetts, aged 33 years,
SCharles Rauch, (residence and age not stated,)
cook and steward. Jan 28-3t
LANDS-collected by the late Joseph M.
White of Florida, giving all the Laws, Charters,
and local Ordinances of Great Britain, France and
Spain, relating to the lands, grants, &c. in their
respective colonies; also, the laws of Mexico and
Texas on the same subject, with JuJIge Johnson's
translation of the Institutes of the Civil Law of
Spain, in two volumes, are just publishel. and for
sale by F. T,*ILOR,
Jan 3!

Wvaulzeciedscro iip 10^3u.
Rohan Potatoes, Chinese Tree and other varie-
ties of early Corn.
Fresh Bird Seeds, Canary and other Song Birds,
Bird Founts, fancy and plain Cage's, Bulb Glasses,
Globes for Gold Fish, Hland.iGlasses for forcing
Southern and Western customers supplied with
Seeds at the lowest prices, by the pound, or neatly
put up in packages, labelled for retail by the 100
or 1000.
Catalogues forwarded to any part of the United
State'. Assortments arranged for every climate.
Jan 8 Nursery and Seedsmen.
January 25, 1840.
ALL PERSONS having claims against the es-
tate of JOHN HENRY, deceased, late a
seaman in the United States Navy, or against the
estate of JOHN ANDERSON,dec'd, late a quarter
gunner in the United States Navy, are hereby noti-
fied to present them, duly authenticated, to the
Fourth Auditor of the Treasury, within sixty days
fiom the date hereof. Jan 25-3t
(J "HOICE OLD WINES at very reduced prices.
20 boxes verytold East India voyage Madeira
30 dozen very old Tinta and Burgundy Ma-
deira Wine
100 doznii vwry choice London Particular and
Reserve Madeira, direct from the cele-
bratr,-d house of George and Robeit
Blackburn, of Madeira
50 dozen very old Pale and brown Sherry
Together with a great variety of other Wines;
all of which wilt be sold unusually low, at my
Wine Store, No. 3, Pennsylvania avenue.
RY, as illustrated in proposals for uniting an
Examination into the Resources of the United States
with the Census to be taken in 1840, by Archibald
Russell, just published and for sale by
(C HEAP DRY GOODS.-Being desirous of
reducing our stock preparatory to taking an
inventory, we now offer our goods at ten per cent.
le-s than former prices, and respectfully request
our customers and purchasers generally to call and
examine for themselves.
Dec 21-ec6t A. W. & J. E. TURNER.
IR THOMAS MOORE-His life and times,
illustrated from his own writings, and from
contemporary documents, by W. J. Walter, 1 vol.
75 cents, just published and for sale by
Dec 28 F. TAYLOR.
NIOREIGN REVIEWS.-Subucribers to the
_W republication of the London Quarterly, Fo-
reign, Edinburgh, London and Westminster Re-
views, Biackwood's Magazine, Bentley's Miscel-
lany and Metropolitan, are hereby respectfully
informed that their subscription for the year 1839
has expired, and, unless the price of each woik is
paid in advance, (agreeably to the terms,) no
further numbers will be received at Stationer's
SSONS, illustrating the perfections of God in
the phenomena of the year. By the Rev. H. Dun-
can of Scotland. First American edition, with im-
portant additions and modifications, adapting it to
American readers. Just published and this day
received for sale by F. TAYLOR.

at the fir-t, second, and third sessions of the
Tur'.r,-TFi h Congress, of Messrs. Calhoun, Clay,
Buchanan, Benton, Rives, Tallmadge, Webster,
Allen, and other members of the Senate and House
of Representatives, on the Sub-Treasury and other
important subjects, in pamphlet form, for sale at
Jan 10 Pa. Av. b-tween 1lth and 12th sts.
VENETIA.-By D'lsraeli, author of Vivian
Grey, price 50 cents; published at $1 25.
Henrietta Temple, by the same author, price 50
cents; published at $1 25.
Jan 10 F1. TAYLOR.
Buel, late Editor of The Cultivator; being
Essays on the principles and practice of American
Husbandry; containing also many valuable ta-
bles and other matter useful to the Farmer-is nust
published, price one dollar, and this day received
for sale by F. TAYLOR.
NT"EW NOVEL.-The Spitfire, by Captain
JN Chamier, author of the Life of a Sailor, Jack
Adams, &c. in 2 vols. Jutt received and for sale

Remaining in the Post Office, Washington City
February 1, 1840.
0l3Persons inquiring for letters in the following
list, will please say they are advertised.
Alexander R. J. Armstrong Samuel W.
Andrews A. Archer William
Asliton Miss Mary B. Archey Wm.
Adams Richard Allen Walter
Ashbridge Richard Aniba John A.
Addison Mrs. Mary E. Addison Lucy
Aiken Mrs. Elizabeth S.

Burke James
Bell D.
Blount Thomas M. 2
Brooks W. A.
Beck Mrs. Rebecca Ani
Belt Miss Elizabeth E.
Belt Dr. Win. 2
Brown S. S.
Brown Edward
Brooke Miss Elizabeth
Beall Mrs. Mary H.
Biiggs S. S.
Beach Mrs. Martha
Bates Barnabas
Black Moses
Braub Mr.
Branyt N. A.
Baptist Mrs. Mary

Clarke Wm. M.
Cocke Gen. Stephen 3
Coke Mrs. Emily
Clarke Mason E
Coy le Miss Mary A.
Cralle R. K.
Cox Mrs. Mary A.
Chase Miss Elizabeth
Cooper G. M. 2
Corson Job
Capron Mrs. Ann M.
Crussell Mrs.
Caldwell Mid. Win. M
Cornwall John B.
Canning Mrs. Isabella
Coriell Win. W. 2

Drake Win. E.
Deal John S.
Dent Henry C.
Diggs Miss M. J.
Drake Thomas
Donn John
Duvall Elmund B.
D)ays O. D.
Delaney Miss Sarah

Evans Miss Lucy M.
Elgar John
Emack John D.

Ford Mrs. Patty
Fisk C.
Foltz Dr. J. M. 2
Fay Major H. A.
Foxcroff Rev. F. A.
Fletcher Miss Ann

Gay H.
Gish Miss Violet 2
Gary Mrs. Sarah
Gray Thomas
Gray Mrs. Eveline
Gaines Robert B.
Gadsby William

Hume E. J.
Hicks Dr. R.
Hord Thomas 4
Hall Luther A. 2
Hall Mrs. Henrietta M
Itulse James
Hill Mrs. Sarah
Hunter John
Hamilton Miss Ann M.
Hieleman Mrs. Ann S.
Henderson Win. 2
Henry William 2
Handy Levin
Harris Mrs. Sarah
Harbaugh John R.
Hansell Emerick
Houston Col.

James William
Jones Thos. L.
John John M.
Ivans Thomas
Johnson Richard
Jeffres Mathias

King Joseph
Knott George
Kramm jr. Wm. C.
King Enos
Kerr Dr. Robert E.
Kerr Miss Eliza N.

Lynch Lt W. F. 3
Lee William
Levy Capt. U. P.
Lewis Harrison

Moore J. P.
Moore Charles B.
Moore Col. W. E.
Moore Benjamin
Moore Nathan
Merrill William P.
Miller Miss Harriet M.
Miller Messrs. W. & A
Miller Anderson 2
Mitchell Mrs. Sarah
Mitchell Alexander M.
Moran Robert H.
Mason The Misses
Miller David 2
Moore Cyrus 2

Berry Archibald
Battell Mr.
Barker Capt. John
Butler Walter
n Butler John W.
Barry Mrs. S. E.
Berry A. B.
Benedick N. 2
Bucknor Win. G.
Barker Mrs. Amelia
Buckinstine Mrs. Frederic
Bredekamp Johan
Brien Joseph
B:aiden Miss E.
Baldwin Harvey
Butter Miss Maria
Barnhill John
Bronough W. S.
Cocktey G. W.
Cooper Mrs. Charlotte
Custis Mrs. Eliza
Cruger A.
Campbell Collen
Carroll Henry
Churchwell Col. G. W.
Colbard Miss Matilda
Coibin Abel B.
Custis Mrs. Sophia Chas.
Curtis Mrs. Sarah S.
Camron John B. K.
. Chapman S. F.
Comstock Peter
Chapman Mrs. Felic'a
Crosby C. C. P.
Duvall S.
Dawson Aaron
Davis Wm. 2
Doison James
Dailey Mrs.
Dunkinson Win. H.
PeMlonou Count 2
Dillenna Josiah
Dixon AugustuN
Eaton Nathan
Elliott jr. Jonathan
Ewing L. D.
Fletcher C.
Fitzhugh Thos. L. 2
Falcotner Eli.ha
Fosselt Henry
Fitzgerald Miss Ann L.
Fitzpatrick John
Griffin Mrs. Sarah W.
Gehon Gen. F.
Gardiner Mrs. Mary
Grammar Mrs. Matilda
Goldsborough R. H.
Gehon Francis
Giberson Gilbert L. 2
Hauchet Lewis B.
Horstmann W. H.
Hopkins John
Hitchcock P. C.
. Harper Miss Hester A.
Houghton John S.
Hamilton Major E.
Harris Sandy
Howell Miss Elizabeth
Harrison A. G.
Hipkins M. E. M. or F.
W. Sperry
Hollingsworth C. D.
Hamill William F.
Henderron Betsy
Hinshelwood Robert.

Isherwood Robert
Jenkins Lt. Thornton
Jurden Miss A. A.
Iverson Judge, or
Dr. Urquhart
Irwin jr. Thomas
Knott E.
King John H.
Keirnan Miss Sarah
Kirty George
Kettly Miss Mary
Kirkpatrick John B.
Little Franklin
Lambert Gen. Win.
Lindsay Capt. G. F.
Leggett jr. Thomas
Miller George
Mannon Thomas
Minor Maj. John W.
Martin Tobias
Miller Henry
Munn Lt. Samuel E.
Mackey Dr. Alexander
Maxwell, Alex.
Murphy J.
Mtchell Capt. A. M.
Murray John B.
Middleton Theodore
Marshall W. G.
Miller Catharine

McLean JohnofN.Y. McPherson Henry H.
McLean Samuel McKenny Rev. Win. 2
McCleilan Win. MeKennaMissCatharine
McDuell John McDonnell E.
McCormick Miss Rebec-Magruder Dennis
ca J. McDermott Thomas
McCormick P. Macrae Lt. N. C.

Near Dr. L. L.
Norris Capt.
Naudin Dr. A.
Nigarg Win. Smit.


Price John M.
Peck Wm. H.
Pitcher Joshua
Philips G. W.
Phinizy Thos. B.
Pigman Bene S.
Parker Z.
Peebles Robert


Ray Josiah
Reed Isaac
Rust William 2
Right Miss A.
Ryne Michael
Richard Robert K. 3
Ramsay Miss Mary
Rosell Davil
Rockwell Orin
Smith Miss Sarah Ann
Scoit George
Smith James L.
Smith Col. Williamson
Smith Geo. H.
Smith Mathias 2
Smith John L.
Smith Capt. Alex. J. 3
Simms Miss Jane
Scott Miss Susan Ann
Smith Richard, or Mary
Williams, or Ann
Smith Mrs. Eliza
Sears Einathan

Neville John
Nicholls William
Newell Mrs.

ill James
Palmer Wm. R.
Parrott Col. John 2
Perkins James H.
Posey Miss Francis
Pearson J.
Papin Alexander
Pickett John T.
Peterkin Mr.
Henry A. 2
Roberts Mrs. Angeline D.
Robinson Joseph
Randall Maj. D.
Roberts Aaron F.
Rogers Warren T.
Ruggle William
Randel Windel
Riley Elihu S.

Sangster Capt. Thos.
Saunders Capt. and Mrs.
Slater James 2
Sanders Mrs. Mary Ann
Sperry Mr.
Stannard, jr. Geo.
Southerland J. B.
Speaden Edward
Sparman Peter
Sturges Handy
Symington Capt. John
Simonton Mr.
Stewart W. W. 2
Sperry Mrs. Augustus
Samuelf William

9tofle ohnl
Swann Thomar
Smith A.
Smith W. A.
Smith John J.
Smith Samuel S.
Scott Mrs. Elizabeth

Test John
Thompson John
Thurman Allen G.
Toby Albert

Van Zandt Dr. Chas. A. 2
Wayne Passed Mid. W. Waters John H.
A. Wilkins W.
Wiel Win. WildmanCornelius
Wright Miss A. Williams Mary Ann
Waits Mrs. Sarah A. 2 Woodyard Miss Maria
While Richard W. Williams, Win. G.
Woolard Francis Wilson Jatres C.
Wagoner Anthony G. 2 Wilson G. S.
WVaiers John Whatfield Chas. A.
Westectt James D. Wilson Mr. of Phila.
Walker James Walker Samuel P.
Watson James Woodrough Mr.
Willcox, Norris Woodruff Mrs. Jane
Williamson John Williamson Abraham
Williams John S. Williams Mrs. Frances
Worthington Adams Wilburn Reson
Wagler F. A.
Young Miss Louisa M. York John.
=P^'The inland postage on all letters intended
to go by ship mutt be paid, otherwise they remain
in this office. J. S. GUNNEL, P. M.
Feb l1-3t
A CARD-The sutscriber has the honur to
announce to the ladies and gentlemen of this
place and vicinity, his services to extract CORNS,
without the least pain. He has lived some ears
in the South, and has operated with cr,.:,t .urr.
N. B. The ladies and gentlemen who may honor
him with their confidence, by leaving their address
and hour suitable to them, he will do himself the
honor of calling on them.
He wi'l remain at Mrs. Kennedy's for thirty
day-, opposite Gadsby's Ho'e). Jan 27-9t
0 1 KER, Haircuiter, at Gadsby's Ho'el, re-
spectfully informs the public that hie is still pre-
pared to maklce Wigs, Scalps, Toupees, Curls, &c.
in the most natural possible.
The advantage the advertiser has over travelling
wig venders is obvious. Being permanently lo-
cated, any gentleman can, at all times, select his
hair, be measured exactly to fit his head, and, after
wearing the same a short time, not suiting precisely,
can have the same altered, exchanged, or his mo-
ney refunded.
N. B. Curls, Frizettes, Braids, Wigs, Half-wigs,
&c. in endless variety, on hand, or made to order,
at Parker's Ornamental Hair and Fancy Store, be-
tween 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvania avenue.
Jan 31-3t
MOTIVE ENGINES, upon railways with
practical tables, giving at once the results of tho
formula, founded upon a great many new ex-
perimetuls, made on a large scale in a daily practice
on the Liverpool and Manchester railways, wilh
many different engines, and considerable trains of
carriages. Second American e ition, to which is
added an appendix, showing the expense of con-
veying goods by locomotiv engines on railways,
and a tnew theory of the steam engine by the Chev.
F. M. G. Pambour, is for sale at the Book and
Stationery store of W. M. MORRISON, 4 doors
west of Brown's hotel. Jan 24
a first rate Dining-room Servant and Car-
riage driver. He is about twenty years of age, and
a likely, genteel fellow, and can be well recom-
mended. Address G. A. B. City Post Office.
Jan 30-3t
tion in a grocery store, having a perfect
knowledge of the business, or as waiter in a rri-
vate family. The best reference given by his last
employers in Washington. A line addressed to
T. B. and left at the office of this paper, will be
immediately attended to. Jan 30-3t
PRIZE OFFICE, Waihington city.
For the benefit of the Monongalia Academy.
Class No. 1, for 1840.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. on Saturday, the
8th Feb. 1840.
31,O00ii lii~iiuii---,5,o0-$2,S20---100
.... ~ 1,,tl m ." .ii 311,,ii-50 of $200, &c.
Tickets only $10-halves $5-quarteis -V 50.
Certificates of packages of 26 whole tickets 130
Do do 26 half do 65
Do do 26 quarter do 32 50

For the benefit of the Petersburg Benevolent Me-
chanic Association.
Class No. 2, for 1840.
To be drawn at Alexandria, Va. Saturday, the 15th
February, 1840.
$3,000-$-2,165-25 prizes of $1,000-50 of $500-
50 of $200-88 of $150, &c.
Tickets only $10-halves $5-quarters $2 50.
Certificates of packages of 25 whole tickets $130
Do do 25 half do 65
Do do 25 quarter do 32 50

Capital prizes: $50,000-#20,000.
To erect a Town Hall and other buildings in the
city of Baltimore.
Class No. 3, for 1840.
To be drawn at Baltimore, Md. on Saturday, 22d
of February, 1840.
14 drawn numbers in each package of 26 tickets.
I- prize of $50,000 5 prizes of $1,250
1 do 20,000 5 do 1,200
1 -do 6,000 40 do 500
1 do 3,859 50 do 200
5 prizes of 2,000 250 do 150
5 do 1,500 &c. &c. &c.
Tickets only $10-Halves 5--Quarters t'w .0.
Certificates of packages of26 whole tickets, 5.1i3, 00
Do do 26 half do ';i 00
Do do 26 quarter do 32 50

For tickets and shares, or certificates of pack-
ages in the above splendid lotteries, address
R. FRANCE, Washington City, D. C.
fl^Draw~ngs sent immediately after they are
over to all who order as above.
Jan 28-2aw2wcp

Grey, The Young Duke, Contarani Fleming,
Venetia, Henrietta Temple, and others, seven in
all, complete for $3, well printed on fine paper,
neatly and strongly bound, with portrait. For
sale by F. TAYLOR.
Jan 27

THE FRIGHT, a Novel, in two volumes, by
Ellen Pickering, author of Nan Darrell, the
Squire, &c. just received for sale by F. TAYLOR,
immediately east of Gadiby's Hotel, or for circula-
tion among the subscribers to the Waverley Circu-
lating Library. Jan 29

OF LIVERWORT.-For the cure of
Coughs, Golds, Whooping Cough, Phthisic, Sore
Stomach, pain in the side, and a 1 diseases of the
Lungs. For the above complaints, this medicine
stands unrivalled for its efficacy-it is prepared
wholly from vegetables. Also, its efficacy for the
cure of the Liver Complaint, is full establi-hed. I
mention the names ofbut a few of thousands who
have been cured by this invaluable medicine-for
places of residence, see inside directions. Price 50
C. Ellis, M. D. Elisha Horton, D. F. Woodhury,
Thos. Haskins, jr. B. F. Brown, Horace Gall,
Miss L. Howard, and E. Williams.
For sale at
Jan 29 TODD'S Drug Store.

dy Raguet-complete in two volumes,
large octavo, contains a vast amount of documents,
reports and statistics, (American, English and Eu-
ropean,) on the subject exclusively of Currency
and Finance, comprising every thing of impor-
tance (of a documentary character) that has ever
been published on that subject, just received for
salt by F, TAYLOR.

Akndorff M;i, Mary
Sherman Daniel
Sirother John A.
Spierin Thomas
Sanford J.
Servant Samuel B. 2
Stambaugh Col. Sam'l B.
Triplett Thos. M.
Tubman Peter D.
Trueman Richard


FRIDAY, January 31,1840.
Mr. GRUNDY, from the Select Committee, to
which was referred the resolution submitted by Mr.
BENTON, and the resolution submitted by Mr.
LuMPsKiM, on the subject of the assumption of the
debts of the States by the Federal.Government, made
a report thereon, which was read.
A motion was then made to print the usual num-
ber of copies for the use of the Senate, which hav-
ing been opposed by Messrs. CrrzITTENE, PRESTON,
Mr. GRUNDY remarked that he could neither
be persuaded nor provoked to go into a discussion
of the merits of the report, upon a mere motion to
print. The object of the present motion is to have
the report printed, and laid upon the table of
each member, that he might examine it, and be ena-
bled to actJ upon the subject understadingly. In-
stead of adopting this course, which was the usual
one, gentlemen had thought proper to assail the re-
port, which it was impossible for them to under-
stand by hearing it read at the Clerk's table. It his
suggestion had prevailed, then the knowledge of
the contents of She report would precede
the di cussion, and Senators would not run
the risk of ascribing to the report matters net con-
tained in it. His purpose was not to go into an
argument in support of the report; he would only
reply to a few of the remarks which had been
made in opposition to it. He intended, at the
proper time, to give his views at large on the
whole subject. He might profit (said Mr. G.) by
some of the kind advice volunteered by the Senator
from South Carolina, [Mr. PRESTON,] but a portion
of it he could not adopt. ThatSenator had taken
exception to the report because we did not, when
speaking of the State debts, also state the means of
payment possessed by the different States. Mr.
G. said he could not engage in the business of
taking an inventory of the effects of a sove-
reign State of this Union, for the purpose of
showing its ability to discharge the liabilities
it had incurred. So far from this, whenever one
of the United States had given a bond or obligation
for the payment of money, he looked no farther;
he took it for granted the money would be paid;
and if Senators would look into the report, they
would see that no idea is conveyed to the prejudice
of the credit of any State; so far from it, i.ei;her
the ability nor willingness to discharge their bonds
is questioned in the slightest degree. Still gentle-
men insist that the report will weaken the credit of
the States, and depreciate their bonds. The credit
of the Stales cannot be weakened by a declaration,
by this body, that the General Government will not
assume the payment of these bonds. If the credit
of the States can be affected by such a measure, it
was of a much weaker texture than he had sup-
posed. For h s own part, he considered the credit
of the States as standing on a firmer basis. It has
been stated by the Senator from South Carolina,
[Mr. PREsToN,] that the report does injustice to
some of the States in this; that a large aggregate
amount of debt is staged, and the amount of the
indebtedness of each State is not specified. This
shows that the course gentlemen are pursuing is
erroneous. If the report was printed, such mis-
takes could not be committed; there is no aggregate
amount of debt stated; it is spoken of as a very large
debt; but no sum is named. It is true, in the ori-
ginal report, the debt was supposed to be about
two hundred millions of dollars; but a question
arising upon the propriety of considering certain
contingent liabilities, as constituting a debt against
aState, the committee, upon a revision of the re-
port, struck it out, and have assigned their reasons
why no precise amount can be stated. They say
that the bonds issued by the States have not all
been sold; a part have been hypothecated for par-
tial advances on them, and others are now in the
foreign markets.
He presumed no one would say that the aggre-
gate of the debts of the States would not constitute
a very large debt; he at least thought so, and the
committee so considered it; but be the debts large
or small, it did not affect the principles or argument
contained in the report. Why is the printing of
the report objected to If there be errors in it,
there is intelligence sufficient in the community to
detect and expose them; and the authors of these
errors, if they exist, will suffer In publicestimation.
He was willing to abide this test. There is the
report; let it go forth among the people; let them
see it and judge of it for themselves, and let not
their opinions be formed of it, from mistaken re-
presentations made of it here. Gentlemen need
not deceive themselves; this report would be pub-
lished, and read with more avidity, on account of
the efforts made to suppress it and prevent its pub-
It is charged on the committee that they have
gone beyond their duty, because the matters report-
ed on were not properly before them, no applica-
tion having been made to this body for an assump-
tion of the State debts. The committee, said Mr.
G. have acted under the authority and order of this
body; they were directed, by the reference of the
resolutions of the Senators from Missouri and
Georgia, to investigate every subject embraced in
the report; both the assumption of the State debts,
and the distribution of the revenues arising from
the public lands. Nor would the committee have
discharged its duty to the Senate, had they omitted
to do so.
Entertaining the opinions he did, he did not
choose to stop at a vindication of the committee.
He thoughtthe whole proceeding was a proper one.
Wise men would see dangerata distance and provide
against it; and he considered this measure, when in-
troduced by the Senator from Missouri, of that de-
scription. He viewed it as a judicious precaution-
ary step, calculated to guard against great impend-
ing danger. Should public men, whose duty it is
to give warning to their countrymen of every
movement injurious to their interest, wait
until they are encompassed and hedged in,
so that the power of resistance is lost? When
the schemes of their adversaries are matured,
then resistance will be unavailing. He was
therefore in favor of a prompt and full discussion,
and a declaration of opinion on the part of the Se-
nate, upon all the subjects treated of in the report.
He was himself perfectly satisfied that this course
.would do no injury to the credit of the States. The
committee had no design to impair their credit,
nor is there a single expression in the report calcu-
lated to produce such an effect. The efforts to sup-
press this report, and prevent its publication,
would, he believed, be more likely to injure the
credit of the State bonds, than all the committee
have said or done. He did not, however, think the
credit of the States would be seriously affected
by either. That credit was based upon
their means of payment, which were known
to be ample, and their character for good faith;
and this sensitiveness which is manifested about
their credit, is calculated to injure it more than any
thing else.
It is urged that no one has applied to this
body for an assumption of the State debts; and
therefore, all action on our part is premature and
uncalled for. It is true, no direct application has
been made, but an influential portion of the press
has made the proposition, and is urging it upon the
consideration of the public for its adoption. Two
or three days since, the resolutions of one of the
States (Vermont) were presented to this body, ask-
ing for a distribution of the revenue arising
from the sale of the public lands. It an-

peared in a newspaper of this city, published
several days before the committee reported, that
an honorable member of the other House [Mr.
GENTRY of Tennessee] had given notice that he
would, when in order, introduce a bill providing
for the assumption of certain debts of the States,
and appropriate the proceeds of the public lands
for that purpose. There was assumption directly
proposed; not, to be sure, a general assumption,
but a partial one; the extent of which he could not
define. But ef one thing he felt confident: if this plan
-was commenced, it would end in a general assump-
tion. He weuld not repeat the argument contained
in the report of the committee, which, to his mind,
-proved conclusively that it would be as competent
for Congress to take the moneys arising from im-
ports, as the revenue arising from the sales of the
public lands, and apply them to the payment of the
debts of the States.
Mr. 0. said he would now proceed to show thai
this project of assumption was not confined to our
own country; that the largest capitalists in Eng-
land-the very men who owned and traded most
in these State bonds-had made a proposition
plainly and distinctly in favor of the assumption,
which the report of the committee combats. In
the circular of the Barings, Brothers, and Co. there
is the following language:
"But if the old scheme of internal improvements
in the- Union is to be carried into effect, on the vast
scale and with the rapidity lately projected, and by
'the means of foreign capital, 4 more conmprehen-
sive guarantee than tl opf individual States will

b. require jo rase so larg6 an amount it It short
time." q -
"A national pledge wou'd undoubtedly collect
capital together from all parts of Europe; but the
forced sales of loans, made separately by all the
individual States, in reckless competition, through
a number of channels, render the terms more and
more onerous for all, lower the reputation of Ame-
rican credits, and (as reliance is almost exclu-
sively placed upon the London market) produce
temporary mischief here, by absorbing the floating
capital, diverting money from regular business,
deranging banking operations, and producing an
unnatural balance of trade against this country. It
would seem, therefore, that most of the States must
either pause in the execution of their works of im-
provement, or some general system of combina-
tion must be adopted."
Here, continued Mr. G is a paper, which cannot
be misunderstood. No more money can be had
upon the bonds of individual Slates. "A more
comprehensive guarantee will be required;" "a na-
lional pledge would undoubtedly collect capital
together from all, parts of Europe Yes, make a
national debt, to be paid by the General Govern-
ment, and then all Europe will contribute her mo-
ney for the purpose of increasing the debt.
Will gentlemen say this is no proposition for
the assumption of State debts? It was, to Mr.
G's mind, not only a proposition, but one
made to the American public, made to the in-
Sdebted Slates, and those having State bonds not yet
disposed of, in an especial manner. It is, in part,
saying to them, you must ob'ain a guarantee from
the General Government, or your improvements
must be arrested.
Mr. G. said, other Senators may imagine there
is m thing in all this; that an influef'ial portion of
the public press advocating the assumption; that
some States' asking for a distribution of the
revenue arising from the public lands; tha
the proposition, in the other House, to as-
sume certain debts of the States; and the
direct proposition of the London bankers for an
assumption, should not be noticed by this body.
He, however, was of opinion, that they would not
act the part of faithful watchmen over the true in-
teres's of the country, were they to be silent, and
not give warning of the impending danger. For
his part, he thought he saw much to be feared in
regard to a national debt; much in regard to an in-
creased and oppressive tariff; much in regard to
the general prosperity and welfare of the country.
Mr. G. remarked that he had transcended the limits
he had prescribed to himself when.he rose to ad-
dress the Senate; he had intended to confine
himself to the question of printing the report of the
committee. If that were door, gentlemen would
Snot have to conjecture respecting its contents;
they could then base their arguments upon its
true contents, and not subject themselves to those
mistakes and errors which had been made concern-
ing what was contained in it. A word or two only
in relation to a past transaction. He was rebuked,
because he had made a report now, when he would
not make, at a former session, a report upon a por-
tion of the President's message, respecting the
bankruptcy of banks, which was referred to a
committee of which he was chairman.
Mr. G. remarked, he had, in that instance, acted
according to the convictions of his own mind. He
differed from the President in the case alluded to,
and a majority of the committee concurred with him
in opinion; therefore no report was made upon the
subject, and the committee was discharged from its
further consideration on his motion, which was ac-
cording to the usage of the Senate in similar cases.
In the case now before the Senate, a majority of
the committee, including himself, concurred in the
general objects of the original resolutions, and had
made the report now on the table of the Senate ac-
Reference is still had to the'report first presented
to the Senate, in which the debts of the States were
said to be estimated at two hundred millions of dol-
lars. Mr. G. remarked that he was by no means
convinced that the estimate was too high. He
wished it might turn out that he was mistaken, al-
though, taking the report of the late Comptroller of
New York, with the knowledge that several agents
from different Stales had, in the course of the last
summer, been in Europe selling these bonds, he ap-
prehended the amount would not fall much, if any,
short of the sum named in the first form of the re-
port. He would probably, at a proper stage of
this proceeding, give his views at large on the sub-
ject. At present, he considered it improper to do
so. He should, therefore, forbear to say more at

Mr. HUBBARD remarked that he was desirous
to say a few words upon this subject, and they
should be but few at this time; as he might proba-
bly, on some future day, should the Senate afford
the opportunity, ad iress the Senate upon the reso-
lutions which the committee had reported. He
rose merely to call the Senate back to the con ide
ration of the real questions which were now before
them. It seemed to him that gentlemen had
travelled out of the record; that they were at-
tempting to make up a false issue before the
country; to prejudge this whole matter; to pre-
sent a course of reasoning based upon this report,
which a fair examination of the report itself would
not justify. They refuse to print; they will not
consent to give publicity to this document; and yet
make expositions of it, in their speeches, which, in
his judgment, the report could not sustain. All he
asked was, that the report and the resolutions
should be printed, that every member of the com-
munity might have the opportunity to examine and
to judge for himself. He asked this as an act of
justice to the committee, tj whom this subject had
been, by order of the Senate, referred. He asked
it as an act of justice to the Senate, which has seen
fit to take cognizance of this matter, as a subject
worthy of their consideration. He asked it as an
act of justice to the whole country, that this re-
port, word for word, letter for letter, should be
given, without delay, to the public. He could not
but feel a degree of astonishment and surprise that
the printing of this report, as moved by tue chair-
man of the select committee, should be denied;
that it should even be delayed-that the delibera-
tions of the committee-the result of their doings
upon a subject, which, by the order of the Senate,
had been committed to them, should be refused
the usual and customary courtesy. But so it is.
And he must therefore, as well as he could, present
the true issue to the public. He could not, as a
member of the committee, permit the sentiment to
go forth uncontradic'ed, that by this report the
States were arraigned for their prodigality, de-
nounced and rebuked for their extravagance in ex-
penditure, and that their indebtedness was put
forth in such terms as to affect their credit at home
and abroad.
He unqualifiedly denied these positions; and he
felt assured that any fair and candid examination
of the argument of the committee would show
most satisfactorily that there is no foundation for
such allegations.
He hoped the Senate would not lose sight of the
true questions presented by this report. VWhat were
they? Would it be just? wteld it b. expedient? would
- it be constitutional for this Governmeut to assume and
* undertake to pay the debts of the debtor States? These
were the only questions; and disguise it as you may,
they are the questions. The argument, and
the whole argument, of the committee, is based
entirely upon those very propositions; and the con-
clusions to which the committee have arrived, are
- distinctly set forth in the resolutions accompany-
ing their report. The arguments which have been

- offered upon the other side, seem to be grounded
Supon the supposed fact, that the report of the com-
I mittee treats of the indebtedness of the States in
such a way and manner as to imply censure to
those sovereignties; to charge upon them extra-
vagant and wasteful expenditure of the money of
Their people; that the report of the committee,lac-
i cording to their version, is but a bill of indictment
r preferred against the States for their prodigality.
, The report speaks no such language. It alludes not
I to the particular indebtedness of particular States,
nor does it speak of the aggregate indebtedness of
all the States. It may speak of the indebtedness
I of some individual States in the illustration of a
principle; but not in the language of fault-find-
t ing or censure. It has scrupulously avoided dis-
- cussing the subject of State indebtedness. It did
e not even occur to the committee, that the subject
i of State indebtedness was necessarily to be discussed,
while executing the important duty confided to them;
Sand, notwithstanding the course of remark on
r yesterday, and notwithstanding the remarks which
Shave been reiterated this morning, the report will
Sbe found to run clear of all such objections. It will
2 be found to be limited to a fair, full, and free dis-
, cussion of the subject referred to the committee:
and again, he would ask if there could be any pos-
Ssible doubt what that subject was?
The very first resolution submitted by the Se-
s nator from Missouri leaves no room to cavil,
t as to the extent of the power and jurisdic-
r tion of the select committee, to whom that resolu-
tion, with others, was referred. The resolution is
as follows t That there is nothing in the Cotstitu-

tu.n of(tA ttedJ S/lain AML as atitslefit le gi8-
atioe power of the Ulniot to assume the debts of the
States, which have been contracted for local objeets
and State purposes." The other resolution, ofleret
by the S nator from Missouri, declared, in the
most direct and unqualified terms, the injustice and
inexpediency of any such assumption. Tnh- then,
were the subject's plainly and intelligibly referred
by the order of the Senate ilself,to the consideration
of its committee. And what has that committee
done? Have ihey departed from the subjects com-
mitted to them? Have they undertaken to d'sruss
new matters? Or have they confined themselves
exclusively to the consideration of the subjects re-
feired? Examine the report; let that speak for i'-
self. He asked for no man's commentary up in it;
he asked merely for its publication; and he hazard-
ed nothing in saying that it would be perceived that
the committee had confined themselves to th-ir
own jurisdiction. They had, according to th ir
best ability, discussed, firs', the palpable injustice of
an assumption of the [State debts by the General
Government-secondly, they had discussed the in-
expediency of such a project-and thirdly, they
had discussed the uncotnsitut onality of the mea-
sure. And what are we told by Senators in the
Opposition? That we have gone out of our way
to attack the credit of the States,by exposing to the
public the amount of their indebtedness, and by a
gratuitous declaration thtt this Government would
not become, under any circumstances, the endorsers
for the States. He must, in reply, say that these
allegations were entirely gratuitous. As he had
before remarked, the report c-)n'ained no attack
upon the credit or the character of the States. No such
attack was ever designed by the committee. No-
thing could have been further from their thoughts;
and no such attack has been commitied upon the
States. Is the debt of Pennsylvania, or the debt of
Louisiana even stated, or is the debt of any other
State of the Confederacy stated in a way to affect
the credit of any such State? The debt of no par-
t cular State is mentioned at all in the report, ex.
cept it be that of New York and Illinois. Why
then this sentiveness upon the matter? We heard
no complaint made from the Stites of Louisiana
and Pennsylvania, against the terms of the comamit-
te-'s report. And we hear no complaint made of
the report from the Senators of New York and II-
linois. There is no just ground of complaint. But,
nevertheless, it has been said, and said over and
again, in argument, that the committee have gra-
tuitously, and that they had, in tru'h, without right
and without authority, made this report; that it was
uncalled for; that no State had applied to Con-
gress to have the General Government assume its
debts. That may be true | But had the committee no
authority for their action? D.d they assume to
make this report without right? It is not nece-sary
that any corporation or that any one State should
make a personal application to Congress to assume
its debts, in order to give jurisdiction to the Senate
over this subject. It is every day's practice for Se-
ators to rise in their places, and to offer abstract
propositions, and to ask the consideration of the
Senate upon them. This may be done by a direct
action of the Senate upon them, or through the
agency of a committee appointed for the purpose.
And will it be said that if the Senate elect to call
in aid the services of a committee, that that com-
mittee are precluded from treating the subject in
such a manner as to them shall seem most fit and
expedient? A Senator rises in his place, and offers
a resolution instructing a committee to inquire
into the propriety of making a distribution of the
proceeds of the sales of the public lands among the
States, for the purpose of internal improvement, or
for any other purpose. Would not the committee
to whom the subject should be referred, be fully au-
thorized to discuss the injustice, the inexpediency,
and the unconstitulionality of such a project?
Would they not be authorized, from the very nature
of ths reference, to treat the whole subject as they
should think proper? Would not such a committee,
under such a reference, be fully authorized to
report resolutions for the action of the Senate, de-
claring the injustice, the inequality, the unconstitu-
tionality of any such distribution? There can be no
doubt upon this point. Let us, then, examine and
ascertain what was referred to this select com-
mittee, and see whether they have acted gratui-
tously and without authority, or whether the charge
is not made against them without the shadow of
justice or of right. Whether the Senator from
Missouri were wise or unwise, reasonable or un-
reasonable, in bringing forward his resolutions, he
should reserve for future consideration. Suffice it
to say, they were presented, and presented upon the
responsibility of that Senator-a responsibility
which the Senator will not seek to avoid. The re-
solutions were before the Senate; their introduction
and the course of proceeding thereon is now mat-
ter of record. They were in the following words:
"Resolved, That there is nothing in the Constitution of the
United States which can authorize the legislative power of the
Union to assume the debts of the States which have been ceon
traced for local objects and Stale purposes.
"2. That the assumption of such debts either openly, by a
direct promise to pay them, or disguisedly by going security
for their payment, or by creating surplus revenue or !-r i ,f-t
the national funds to pay them, would be a gross and r ,.:.,i
violation of the Constitution, wholly unwarranted by the letter
or spiritofthat instrument, ,.i -r ,,'-'I. i.. 1ii '5. ob-
jects and purposes for which, i'.lr-. r. r,.... -
"3. That, besides its flagrant unconstitutionality, such as-
sumption would be unjust, unwise, impolitic, and dangerous,
compelling the non-indebted States to incur burthens for others
which they have refused to incur for themselves; diverting the
national funds from national objects to State objects, and thereby
creating a necessity for loans or taxes, or issues of Federal pa-
per money to supply the place of the funds so diverted; pros-
trating the barriers of economy, moderation, and safety, in the
creation of State debts by separating the function of contractor
from that of payer of the debt, extinguishming the sense of respon-
-,,-iin in i.. contractor, and making the Federal Government
IS. .'i -.1i-: payer of all the obligations contracted by the
States for their own purposes; establishing a dangerous
precedent which must soon be followed up by new debts on
the part of the States, and new assumptions on the part of the
Federal Government; invading the rights and mortgaging the
property of posterity, and loading unborn generations with
debts not their own; creating a new national debt of large
amount at the start, and of a nature to increase continually its
own amount, and to perpetuate its own existence; begetting a
spirit in Congress which must constantly cater for new distribu-
tions by preventing necessary appropriations, and keeping up
unnecessary taxes; laying the foundation for anew and exces-
sive tariff of duties or. i..,, i.-i ;I, i..,,1 i i i i- ,. .. i-"I "- i
different parts of the U .,..r., -;..i n...' i.i- ..r i.i-.''I.-,
grain growing, and pro ...... -,.t r, -... rr.-.r ,n..i..* i..
jury and propable gr(" i...:.-.'i it .. ..t ..' .lt -.. ..t.
quenceseither to theUr..', l -, I t.i [,) a' n- r i- -, I ,1
to the consolidation of the States, and their ultimate abject
dependence on the Federal head as the fountain of their sup-
plies; or, tending to the annihilation of the Federal head itself
by shipping it of all its means of national defence and self-
support, and reducing it to the hepless imbecility of the old
Confederation; giving a new impulse to the delusive career of
the paper system, already in a state of dangerous overaction;
ensuring the establishment of another National Bank; and,
finally, begetting a passion for r-.:ri.)t; *]i,'riu'li.-r,.- f:, lai,,d
and money, and extensions of-, --t,lr., ). ,, at- ii.I .'t l
no limit to its demands until the national' domain was ex-
hausted, the Federal Treasury emptied, and the creditor the
Union reduced to contempt.
"4. That the debts of the States beingoow chiefly held by fo-
reigners, and constituting a stock in foreign markets greatly de-
preciated, any legisltatvehattempt to obtain the assumption or
securityseip of the United Staits for their payment, or to pro-

neyd pwer thn i te frcilednv muost hav theet n
ride toe their payment outof the national n, s
effect of enhancing the salue of that stock to the amount of a
great many millions of dollars, to the enormous and un tie ad-
vantage of foreign capitalists, and of jobbers and gamblers in
stocks, thereby holding out intdocement to foreigners to inter-
fere in our affairs, odn to bring all the infliencee of a moneyed
power to operate upon public opinion, Stpatn our elections, and
upon State and Fadere legislation, to produce a consumma-
ion so tempting to their uapidity, and so profitable to their
"5. That foreign inteiferenre and foreign influence, in alt
aget, and in alt countries, base been the bane and purse of free
Governments; and that such interference and influence are far
more dangerous, in the insidious intervention of the mo-
neyed power, titan in the forcible invasions of fleets end
'6. That to close the door at once against alt applications for
such assumption, and to arrest at their source the vast tide of
evite which would flow from it, it is necessary that the consti-
tuted authorities1 without delay, shalt IIESOnys and osCOAmiB
their utter opposition to the proposal contained is the late Lon-
don Bankers's circular in relation to State debts, contracted for
locate and State purposes, and recommending to the Congress of
the United Statee to assume, or guaranty, or provide tor lbs ulti-
mate payment of said debts."
It will also be recollected that the proposed sub-
stitute for the aforegoing resolut ons, moved by the
Senator from Georgia, in the language following,

"That the assumption by the General Government of the
debts of the States, contracted for local purposeF, whether it
shall be a direct assumption, which would make the General
Government responsible for said debts, or indirect, by adistri-
bution of public money among the States, to enable them to
paytheir debts; or a pledge o public lands for the said put pose
or otherwise, would be impolitic and dangerous, uniust and
unequal, among the members of the Union, and wholly unau-
thorized by the letter or spirit of the Constitution,"
was in like manner before the Senate; and upon
debate, upon full discussion, after the defeat of a
motion to lay the whole subject upon the table, all
these resolutions were referred to a select commit-
tee, of which the gentleman upon his right [Mr.
GRuNDT] was the chairman. But it is said that
the honorable Senalor moved the reference himself.
That is true, but does that circumstance tend to
abridge the powers of the committee? Does that
fact tend to lessen their jurisdiction? The Senator
did move the reference, and it is equally as true
that the presiding officer of the Senate did, as he
was in duty bound to do, appoint upon that com-
mittee a majority friendly to the very object con-
templated by the resolutions of the Senator from
Missouri. This was parliamentary, it was but an
act of common justice; and it must have been
known, therefore, to those who now make war
upon this report, that the committee would act upon
the subject referred to them, and would return to the
Senate their argument and their resolutions as the
the conclusion of their argument for the action of
the Senate. Will gentlemen read the resolutions
referred to the committee? If they will, can they
then come forward and express a doubt as to the
power conferred, or as to the duty of the committee'!

Will they, thenWesirt that the eommitt" have
transcen&ded weis--one away from the
strict line of1hfir dtil? What is the sum and the
substance I' the rtse.l-itii.- ,r the Senator fr,.m
Missouri, and of the substitute proposed by rhe
Senator from G orgia? It is thi, and it is nothing
more and nothing less: tultd it b just, would
it be expedient, would it be constitutional, for
this Government to assuttme the State debts?
Would it be just or constitutional to divide the
proceeds of the sales of the public lands among
the States, or to apply any of the national funds for
that purpose? Such, he undertook to say, was the
length, and breadth, and depth, of the resolutions of
the Smnator from MissouriS and a consideration of
these subjects, by a reference of the resolutions
themselves, wai necessarily committed to the
charge of the select committee. And for what
purpose were they so referred? To avoid action?
to pass them away from before the Senatr? to bury
them in oblivion? No, sir: the Senate had refused
to lay these resolutions upon the table. They, by
that act, expected, and by the reference demanded,
their consideration. They required, at the hands
of the committee, a reports and it seemed to him
that, whatever might be the conclusions to which
the committee should come, the Senate had a
right to expect that the committee would justify
their conclusions by a full and deliberate argument
upon the subjects.
The committee themselves entertained no eoubt
as to the course proper for them to pursue. They
considered themselves called upon to present plain,
definite, and distinct propositions for the action of
the Senate. this they have done-they considered
themselves called upon by self respect, and by a
sense of duty to the Senae, to state fully and fairly
the reasons which had induced thee conclusions.
This they hdte -done. The report is but thh rea-
soning, the argument of the committee. The reso-
Ilutions are but the conclusions of that argument.
Whenever this report shall be laid before the pub-
lic-if such a destiny awaits it-it will be found to
contain nothing more or less than an argument
upon the propositions whether it would be just, ex-
pedient, or constitutional, for the General Govern-
ment to assume the debts of the States, or whether
it would be just or constitutional to set apart the
avails of the public lands for such purpose? And
the resolutions themselves tell plainly to what con-
clusions the committee have come. but notwith-
standing the avowal just made by the chairman of
the committee, gentlemen will have it, that such a
report was uncalled for; that it is unjust to the
States; and if given to the public, would be most
mischievous to State credit. There is not, sir, one
paragraph in this whole report which can have
such a construction, or which gives evidence of
any such design. He denied that the credit of the
States could be injured, or in any respect as-
sailed, by the publication of this report.
What does the report say? 7hat the United States
cannot, according to the principles of equal jus-
tice, assume the debts of the several States.
Is this position controverled by any one?
If so, he had not heard it avowed here. How,
then, can this deliberate declaration of the opinion
of the Senate, unfavorably affect the credit of the
States? Have the debtor States entertained the
idea that at some favorable moment the United
States would assume their debts? Have the credi-
tors of the States-the money-lenders of Europe-
entertained such an idea? If so, the Government
owes it to itself to declare, in the most unequivocal
and unqualified terms, its deliberate opinions. If
the Slates have entertained no such sentiment, and
if the money-lenders have imbibed no such opi-
nion, it was difficult for him to see how the credit
of the States could be unfavorably aff.eled by the
publication of the report, and by the adoption of
the resolutions. It has been said, and with perfect
truth, that the money-lenders can have no other
and no better credit than the faith of the States.
He fully concurred in the sentiment. The States
were able to pay, and, beyond all question, will
promptly meet every liability. There is not a let-
ter or word in that report that contradicts the asser-
tion. So far from it, the report speaks forth in
high commendation of the ability and of the inte-
grity of the debtor States. How, then, can the re-
port, if published, in any way affect the credit of
the States? It proposes no interference with their
operations; it recommends no measure which can,
by any possibility, embarrass the States in the pro-
secution of their works of internal improvement.
The bankers of Europe have made advances to
cities and corporations and States, upon their cre-
dit, and upon their credit alone.
The report does not seem to distrust the relations
subsisting between the States and their creditors. He
could not well conceive how a declaration on the
part of the Senate-that it would be unjust to the
Union-that it would be inexpedient, and in viola-
tion of the letter and spirit of the Constitution, for
the General Government to assume the payment of
Stale liabi!ities-could in any way affect negotia-
tions between the States and their bankers. Can
such a declaration tend, in the slightest degree, to
lessen the resources of the States, to augment their
liabilities, or justly to alarm their creditors? Can
such a declaration tend to reduce the income of
State canals, or of State railroads, for the prosecu-
tion of which works this foreign capital has been
mainly obtained? .Not so. The Stales will go into
the money market of our own country, or of Eng-
land, or of France, or of Holland, just as well after
as before the declaration. It is idle to say that the
capitalists, at home or abroad, do not perfectly
well understand the liabilities of particular Slates,
as well as their resources. If Louisiana, for in-
stance, should send her bond to the bankers of
England for discount, will any Senator for a mo-
ment pretend that any accommodation would be
granted, ignorant of the full extent of her indebt-
edness, and of her means? Such information is
within the reach of every individual, and is, beyond
all question, possessed by those dealing in stocks.
There is annually given to the public, in the re-
poits of State comptrollers and State treasurers,
the exact condition of Stale finances. There could
be no fraud practiced, even if there was a disposi-
tion to fraud.
How, then, is the publication of this report to
affect the credit of the debtor States? The extent
of the indebtedness of each State is known at
home and abroad. The true character of the works
of internal improvement in the respective States,
completed and progressing, is also perfectly well
understood. In short, the liabilities and tnr? mean-
of the Slates is as well understood by-the Barings
and the Rothsehilds of Europe, as they are by the
States themselves. It is, then, in his tiidgtti-nt,
idle to contend lhat you are doing an act of great
injustice to the States, by giving publicity to this
document. It is due to the debtor Staes them-
selves, at this eventful crisis; and it is most em-
phatically due to the States, unembarrassed by
debt, to make their unqualified declaration of the
opinion of this Senate upon this all important sub-
ject. It is due to the bankers of England and of
the world, according to his sense of morality, to
make this declaration, and to make it now. This
is the accepted time, and for this reason; that there
is abroad in the land, to some extent, a sentiment
touching this subject, which favors the idea of as-
sumption-a sentiment which cannot be tolerated
by the independent States of America. He did
not speak without authority upon this subject.
There.had already been given to the public, in our
own State journals, alarming doctrines. And for
one, he tendered his thanks to the honorable Sena-
tor from Missouri, in behalf of his own State,
for having brought this subject thus early before the

It is a subject of deep and vital importance to
This Union, and to the Stales respectively. He was
perfectly satisfied that the people of his own State,
from recent indications, were not indifferent to the
action of the Senate upon this subject. He repre-
sented, in part, a State unembarrassed by any ex-
isting debt. She had never asked a dollar at the
hands f this Government for any local purpose;
and from her early history to the present moment,
New Hampshire had never] received a dollar (to
which she claims title) for any purpose of State
policy. Her works are her own, and better means
of intercommunication exist not in any State;
her roads have been wrought by the hard hands
of her industrious yeomanry; her canals and her
railroads have been accomplished by individual en-
terprise. Such had been the influence of popular
opinion, within the limits of his ow State, that
he was not aware that any movement had ever
been made to accomplish any local object upon her
credit. And should. any such movement have
been made, most resolutely and most triumphantly
would her Legislature have resisted every attempt
to pledge the faith of the State for the accomplish-
ment of any local object. She has even refused to
give authority to her town corporations to borrow
money upon the credit of the town, for any pur-
pose not expressly warranted by existing statutes.
Such was the present condition, and such, he
was happy to say, had been the policy of his own
State; and New Hampshire may well congratulate
herself upon her entire freedom from debt; and as
one of the Senators from that State, he re-
joiced that this subject was now engaging the
attention of the Senate. New Ham pihire asks no

d;tr;bution of the avails of the pnbli land., theI
now holds itn safe deposit [the proportion awarded
her of the twenty-eighbt millions deposited with the
sever il States, under the act of 1836. That deposit
spe WIll honestly reutmn to the public Treasury, if
a return should be required. He could not well
conceive *hat more equal benefit the States could
de'ie from the proceeds of the sales of the public
lands, than to have those proceeds constitute a part
of the public revenues to be appropriated for the just
supportofthe Government, The S a'e-are inierested
in the public revenues of the country, according to
their representation. And if direct taxp" i;, i ',
imposed for any public object, New Hampshire
would have to bear her proportion to the whole
amount, as her representation bears to the whole
representation of the country. And if there were
now to be a distribution among the several States
of any particular sum, as the proceeds of the sales
of the public lands for any one year, the State
he represented would get, as her share, such a
part of the whole sum to be distributed, as her re-
presentation bears to the whole representation of
the Union. The proceeds of the sales ot the public
lands are but a portion of the public revenues; and
there would be no more justice in setting apart that
part of the public revenues for distribution, than
there would be in setting apart that portion which
arises from imposts. It cannot be questioned that,
At a time like this, the Government stands in need
of all its resources.
The revenue arising from imposts, as well as
from the avails of the public domain, is now re-
quired for publicuse, and as a measutreof exipedien-
cy, then, there wouldd be no more propriety in yield-
ing one branch of their public revenue than the other,
and no justice 'or constitutionality in yielding
either. The public domain is ihe properly of the
whole Union-purchased with the means of the
whole Union-and all he desired in behalf of his
Slate was, that the proceeds of the sales should be
appropriated, in common with the other means of
the Union, for the just and economical support of
the Government; and should the time ever come
when more revenue shall be collected than shall
be required for such an object, he would at once
reduce that revenue, 'y. -3', .9 the people from in-
direct taxation. These were his views ; they were
the sentiments of his State, as will distinctly ap-
pear from the resolution of her Legislature, which
had been by his colleague presented to the Senate
at this veiy session:
"That our Senators in Congresslbe instructed, and the Re-
presentatives from this Sate b- requested, to oppose every
attempt which shall be made to divide the proceeds of the sales
,fl,-. pbii: i, -,..r, il., r ..,everal States, or to make any
:, I,,r r -rI '-.:.- iti,. ., .- ,- i for the constitutional purpose
of providing for the common welfare and general defence of the
United States."
The injustice and unconstitutionality of any dis-
tribution of the proceeds of the sales of the pub-
lic lands had been discussed by the committee, and
they had offered to the Senate, for its action, a dis-
tinct resolution upon that subject. And again, he
said, he could not but regard this as a fit time, and
an appropriate time, for the consideration of these
momentous questions. And, from what had
come to his knowledge, if the Legislature of
his own State could have been assembled, after the
promulgation of the resolutions which passed the
Assembly of Vermont at its last fall session, and
which have recently been presented to the Senate;
could his own Legislature have assembled after
the circular of the English bankers had been given
to the public; they would have expressed their opi-
nion, in the strongest possible terms, against the as-
sumption of the Stale debts by the General Govern-
ment, in any form or under any circumstances,
either by pledging the credit of the Government di-
rect, or by dividing the public domain, or by set-
ting apart the pro-ceds of the sales of the public
lands, or any description of the national funds, for
any such purpose.
He could not mistake the sentiment of his own
people upon this subject-a sentiment founded
upon the principles of immutable justice.
Delegates direct from the people of his State
have recently held their customary primary meet-
ings preparatory to the annual election; and they
had passed resolution upon resolution as expressive
of their feelings and of their opinions. In his own
county, the following resolution was introduced,
and with entire unanimity adopted:
"That we disapprove of the assumption of the State debts by
the Nationai r r ,;, t.. i purchase of their
bonds, or t.i ,- -.,r ,'. II. Fr ..... )r disguisedly by
setting apart the public domain, or any o, the other resources
of the National Government for that purpose, as a measure
wholly unauthorized by the letter and spirit of the Constitu-
tion, and deadly hostile to the Union itself."
And in other parts of his State, resolution, cor-
responding in feeling and in sentiment with the one
just read, have been also adopted.
The people, then, of his State, he unhesitatingly
believed, were most sensibly alive to the impor-
tance of this subject. They had moved forward,
and unsolicited, unasked, had voluntarily expressed
their convictions; and, uninfluenced by any consi-
deration, save the vast importance of the measure
itself, had spoken in a manner which he could not
misunderstand. And was there n thing in the
signs of the times calculated to excite the suspi-
cion, or to alarm the fears, of a people jealous of
their rights? He firmly believed that the opinion
had gone forth, was now honestly entertained by
some, and openly avowed, that this Government
would, at some future time, assume the debts of
the several States; that the importance of the great
works of State policy now in progress, called for
the assumption. Can it be doubted that this very
sentiment has already been suggested on the other
side of the Atlantic? And from what had already
come to the knowledge of the Senate, he, for one,
fully believed that this purpose had been suggested
by one of the great bankers of England, to produce
its effect here within the States, and made, too, in
the belief that a response would be given. The
language of the Messrs. Barings, Brothers, and
company, is of no doubtful character. They say:
"But if the whole scheme of internal improvements in the
Union is to be carried into effect on the vast scale, and with the
rapidity lately projected, and by themeans of foreign capital, a
more comprehensive guarantee than that of individual States
will be required to raise so large an amount in so short a time.
A national pledge would undoubtedly collect capital together
from all parts of Europe; but the forced sales of loans made
separately by all the individual States in reckless competition,
through a number of channels, render the terms more and more
onerous for all, lower the reputation of American credit, and
(as reliance is almost exclusively placed on the London mar-
ket) produce temporary mischief here, by absorbing the floating
capital, diverting money from regular business, deranging
baking operations, and producing an unnatural balance of
trade against this country. It would seem, therefore, as if most
of the States must either pause in the execution of their works
of improvement, or some general system of combination must
be adopted."
In this short paragraph, it is very distinctly set
forth that a national pledge-that is, the faith of
the General Government-is required to collect
together capital sufficient to carry into effect the
whole scheme of internal improvement in the
Union. Here is a distinct avowal by one of the
great bankers of England, that the pledge of the
General Government is necessary. TIhat letter, it
will be recollected, found its way into the public
journals of the country just before the meeting el
Congress. Was it not designed to call the atten
tion of the American public to this subject? For
what other earthly purpose could this circular have
been written and published, at the time it was
written and published? And it little accorded
with his notions of right and with his sense of mo-
rality, to play dark upon this matter-to make any
concealments; but plainly, directly, and unquali-
fiedly, to declare to the bankers of Europe, and to
the States themselves, the gross injustice and un
constitutionality of such an assumption-to put
the public mind at rest upon this matter. He,
therefore, could not but regard the present time as
the most appropriate end accepted time for the
full discussion and consideration of this subject,
and he rejoiced that it wa now before the Senate,
and that the opinion of this branch of Congress, at
least, would be expressed.

He fully coincided in the sentiments of the re-
port upon the table. It was but a temperate, can-
did, and free discussion of the questions submitted.
These was no language used calculated to disturb
the feelings of the debtor Slates. What he most
anxiously desired was, that this subject might soon
be disposed of. It is a fact well known, that State
bonds are now in Europe; and, in his judgment, it
was ardently wished, if not confidently believed,
by the great money lenders, that this Government
would endorse the paper of the States-would
pledge its faith for the ultimate payment of State
bonds. Does any man in this Senate doubt this?
Is it not perfectly plain to the understanding of
all? else why the circular of the Barings?
else why this official declaration that a na-
tional pledge would be necessary in order
to collect sufficient capital to perfect the great pro-
jects of internal improvement now in progress.
What, then, is to be done? What should be done?
What does duty demand? Keep silence, with
this circular upon our tables? Lead the bankers to
suppose, as they would by such a course, that this
Government might come, ultimately, to the aid of
the States, as it had, on a memorable occasion, to the
aid of the District of Columbia? No, sir, this was not
the course which, in his judgment, a sense of justice
suggested. He would be frank, open, undis-
guised. He would declare to the world the senti-
ments of the Senate upon this matter. Let this be
done, and done speedily. The British QOueen has
not yet arrived. Should the action of the Senate
be delayed until after her arrival and departure;

should there be no depression o' the *e of thIs
body upon this subject; should the sentiment be en-
tertained in England that the United States might
ultimately assume the State liabilities; it would lead
to great speculations in State securitie, with no be-
nefit to the States, but with advantages only to the
speculators themselves.
The credit of the States rested upon its own
solid basis-their resources, and their honor. With
such pledges the States could not fail to obtain all
pecuimary accommodations, upon fair terms, ne-
cessary to aid them in the prosecution and perfec-
".-i;r lor-t "-;'ots. He would not interfere
with State policy. He would do nothing to im-
pair SteIe credit. He Would not hesitate, bn all
occasions, and at all times, to declare the entire
Ability and integrity of the States. He would do
i all this. And let it not be supposed by any one,
that the report now upon the table infringes either
one of these positions. But he most earnestly ap
pealed to the justice of the Senate to let the report
be printed. He would not ask for an extra number
until its true character shall be known; but let the
usual number be printed for the use of the FSouale
And he would Anly say, in conclusion, that it
would be found to be a most forcible, if not con-
vincing argument, showing the injustice, the inex-
pediency, and unconstitutionality of this Govern-
ment, in any way or in any manner, directly or in-
directly, assuming the debts of the States.

Mr. WRIGHT said he fund himself compelled,
from the course of remark of the honorable Sena-
tor from New Jersey, [Mr. SOUTHARD,] to make an
explanation of an explanation. That Senator was
proceeding to blame the committee, and charge
them with error, in their statement of the amount
of the debt of the State of New York. Feeling
that, if error or blame were chargeable any where,
for that statement, the charge should be against
him, and not the committee, he asked leave of the
Senator to explain, which was courteously granted.
He had intended, in that explanation, to state the
truth. He had said that he was called on by the
honorable chairman of the committee, before the
report was first made, to examine it upon this point;
that he had told the chairman he thought their
statement of eighteen millions, as the amount of
the debt of New York, excessive, but that he be-
lieved he had the mrreans of accurate ascertainment;
that he referred to the annual report of the Comp-
troller, the fiscal officer of the State, made to the
Legislature during its present session, took the
amount of the debt, as he understood it to be,
from that document, and, according to his recollec-
tion, himself erased the sum stated in the report of
eighteen millions, and interlined, in his own hand
writing, the words "about fifteen and an half mil-
lions;'5 and that this was done before the report was
first made to the Senate.
This explanation he had made to exempt the
committee from the charge of having stated that
debt at eighteen millions, when their report was
read in the Senate, and of having altered the sum
after the recommitment on yesterday, as well as to
exempt them from the charge of error at all, in
the statement as it now appeared. In the altera-
tion of the sum stated in the report, as well as in his
explanation of it, he had intended to give the truth;
and yet the subsequent remarks of the Senator had
been made to show that he was in error.
[Here Mr. SOUTHARD rose, and inquired if Mr.
WaIeHT supposed he intended to charge him with
intentional error.]
Mr. W. said, certainly not: certainly not. He
beged the Senator to be assured that he had made,
and intended to make, no ill natured remarks. His
object was, what he had declared it to be, in re-
ference to his alteration of the report and his
former explanation of that act, to arrive at the
truth, and to give that to the Senate and the coun-
try upon this point at least.
Could he have obtained the floor when he first
made the attempt, and so as immediately to have
succeeded the honorable Senator, he should have
confined himself to a more full explanation in re-
lation to what hlie supposed to be the true amount
of the debt of the State of New York, and the au-
thority upon which he had assumed it to be what
he had stated. He might now extend his remarks
to a few other topics, but a severe cold made it
laborious for him to speak; and, as well as the late
hour of the day, would prevent him from being
very tedious. And he would first complete his ex-
planation in relation to the debt of the State he had
the honor in part to represent here.
The honorable Senator [Mr. SOOTHARD] had
produced and read from a document emanating
from the State, to show that the amount of the debt
was much less than the sum stated in the report of
the committee, and, by necessary consequence,
that he (Mr. W.) had misled the committee upon
that point. He did not complain that the gentle-
man had produced the document, or of the use he
had made of it. It was a document proper to re-
fer to for the purpose for which the Senator had
made the reference. It was the message of the
Governor of his State; a document which ought to
carry authority with it, and especially to his hono-
rable colleague and himself. It was the document
to which he first referred, after the inquiry in re-
ference to the amount of their State debt was made
of him by the honorable chairman of the commit-
tee. He remembered that their Governor had
given a statement of the debt in his message, and
there he first sought for the true amount. An ex-
amination of the document, however, was unsatis-
factory to him. It spoke of certain deductions,
without giving the amount of the items, and some
of them weie clearly parts of the existing debt of
ihe State. An acquaintance, somewhat extensive,
with these matters, in years past, satisfied him
that the true amount of the State debt was not to
be learned from the message of the Governor; and,
having recently received copies of the annual report
of the Comptroller of theState, the officer who keeps
the books and accounts of the State, and whose
duty it is, in this report, to show its true fiscal con-
dition, he had recourse to that document for the in-
formation sought by the committee from him.
The report was made to the Legislature of the
State on the 13th day of the present month; and
appended to it, as exhibits connected with the fiscal
condition of the State, he found two tables, marked
H and I. The tables he now held in his hand, and
the entire document from which they had been ta-
ken, was laying upon the desk before him. The
first mentioned table, H, had this caption:
"Statement showing the amount of canal and
general fund stocks outstanding on the 1st January,
1840, the rate of interest, and when redeemable."
Then followed the various amounts of stock, ar-
ranged under various heads of expenditure, and
there was carried out in the last column a general
aggregate, the footing of which was $13,697,931 03.
The table I, printed upon the same sheet, had the
following caption:
"Statement of stocks issued to incorporated com-
panies on the faith of the State, and the amount au-
thorized to be issued."
The table contains the names of the companies
which have received portions of these stocks, a re-
ference to the acts of the Legislature authorizing
the emission, the amount of stock already issued to
each company, and the further amount authorized,
but not issued, with the aggregate of both. The
table is, therefore, clear and intelligible, not con-
fonnding stock authorized to be issued with that
actually issued, and constituting an existing debt,
and from it the amount actually issued is shown
to be $1,847,700, while that authorized and not
yet issued is $2,76-2,300 more.
To answer the committee, then, Mr. W. said he
tooto the first two sums above named as the exist-

ing debt of the State, and, adding them together,
he found their amount to be $15,545,631 03, and
from data of that authority, he had inserted in the
report of the committee the words "about fifteen
and a half millions" as the amount of the actual
and existing debt of his Slate, instead of the eigh-
teen millions previously written by the committee.
Had he given the committee the true sum? Or had
he led them into error? Had he done injustice to
the State he ought truly to represent, and brought
merited censure upon a committee of this body, by
the same act, or had he told the truth without re-
gard to consequences?
These were the inquiries which suggested them-
selves to his mind, and the inquiries he wished, so
far as it was in his power, to enable the Senate to
answer. The honorable Senator had shown to us
the message of the Governor of the State, giving
the amount of its debt, as stated by the Senator, at
a sum not far different from $9,000,000. He
(Mr. W.) had given the amount of that debt to
the committee, and now gave it to the Senate, at
$15,500,000, or about that sum, and had rested
himself upon the official report of the fiscal officer
of the State, and the political, and, he supposed,
personal friend of the Governor. The difference
of amount was most material, considering the
sums given by either party. A mistake, or error,
of six millions, in fifteen millions, is no inconsi-
derable variance from the truth, whoever may
have made it.
Of the authority which ought to be ascribed to
the respective documents which had been adduced,
it did not become him to speak further than he had

done. Por their accuracy he certainly could mot
endorse, further than to give the official responsi-
bility of the authuis. Sutill he would venture to
relieve that no one, here or elsewhere, would be
found attempting to impeach the aceuraecy of the
tables appended to the report of the Complroller,
to which he had referred. Did their slatementa
and results necessarily couifl.ct with, and contra-
dict, the statement of the Governor, as to the
amount of the S:ate debt? To the casual reader
the difference was, unquestionably, wide and im-
portant. Here he thought that might not be found
to be true; and indeed he was not prernared to i -
that, here, the errors and discropancies might not
be charria-l to him, instead of the author of either
Had he not listened to the debates in this body,
on yesterday and this day, he could not have be-
lieved that, with all the facts before us, we could
have differed about the amount of the debt of a
given State. Yet those debates had shown him
that this difference of opinion did exist among the
tem' of the Senate, and that the point ili con-
ttvvr ;, ia.l a direct bearing upon the question,
what was, in fact and in truth, the debt of his own
He referred to the position taken yesterday by
several Senators, that the stocks, or other liabili-
ties, of the several States-call them by what
name you please-incurred for the benefit of inco-
porated companies and associations, or individuals,
are not, properly speaking, debts of the States; and
that, in speaking of the indebtedness of the several
States, these liabilities should not be considered.
He would not now consider this doctrine any
further than it had particular application to the
debt of his own State; though he hoped, before this
debate should close, to have an opportunity to give
his views upon it at length, and to expose what
seemed to him to be its dangerous character and
tendency, as it respects the credit of the States, the
fiscal affairs of the States, and the people of the
What, then, was its application to the point in
dispute-the amount of the debt of the State of New
York? He had given to the committee the sum of
fifteen and a half millions as about the amount of
the true debt of his State, and he had now shown
that the fiscal officer of the Stare had given It, on
the first day of the present month at $15,545,631 03.
In this amount, however, was included $1,847,700
of debt incurred for canal, navigation, and railroad
companies; and should this sum have been so in-
cluded? Was it, in truth, a part of the State debt?
The Governor of the State had not so considered
it, and had excluded it from his statement, which
accounted for so much of the difference between
himself and his comptroller. He, Mr. W. con-
sidered it a part of the debt of the State, nd there-
fore included it in the sum given to the committee
as the aggregate of that debt. Who was in error?
What are the facts? The public stocks of the State
have been issued for these amouuts in, the same
manner as for any other debts ef the State; these
stocks have been sold in the market aa the stocks
of the State, not as the stocks of the companies, or
associations, to which they were issued; they are,
at this moment, in the markets of the world as the
stocks of the State, without reference at all to the
companies, or associations; they bear the same
price in those markets as any other stocks of the
State, having the same time to run, and drawing
the same interest; and the holders and purchasers
rely as confidently, and as exclusively, upon the
State, for the payment of both interest and principal
upon them, as do the holders and purchasers of any
other of the stocks of the same State. Indeed,
Mr. W. said he could not say whether there was
any thing in the form, or upon the face, of these
certificates of stock, which would distinguish them
to a stranger from the certificates of stock issued
for the exclusive benefit of the State itself.
It was true that the companies and associations
had made certain pledges to the State for the pay-
ment of the interest,upon these stocks, and the final
redemption of the principal; and the theory of the
transactions unquestionably was that these pledges
were sufficient to indemnify the Slate against its
liability. It was true, too, he believed, with a sin-
gle exception, and that trifling in amount, that the
companies and associations had, as yet, met the
payments of interest. There was one case, how-
ever, where the payments, even of interest, had
ceased almost with the issuing of the stock, and
the State had been compelled to make those pay-
ments since, without any other hope than to be
forced to redeem the principal without any indem-
nity. He hoped this was not a sample case for
these liabilities, but a solitary exxeption. Yet was
he, was the honorable committee, whose report was
under discussion, at liberty to disregard these
stocks, when giving to the Union and the world the
amount of the debt of the State of New York?
Were they permitted to proclaim to the holders of
these stocks, and to future purchasers, that the
State does not owe them;. that they constitute no
part of its debt? And were they to do this, to sus-
tain the credit of the State in the markets of the
world? He could not draw such conclusions from
such premises.
There were other grounds upon which the Go-
vernor and Comptroller of his State differred, in
their respective statements of the amount of its
public debt. The Comptroller has given the exact
amount of the solemn obligations of the State, out-
standing and unpaid. The Governor has given
the amount which the State wou'd owe, in case all
these pledges of the canal, navigation, and railroad
companies, were actually redeemed, and certain
money of the State, said to be on hand, were actu-
ally applied to the payment of its debts.
The state of facts in relation to one portion of
the money spoken of in the message of the Gover-
nor, is this. The Erie and Champlain Canal fund,
protected and pledged in the Constitution of the
State for the payment of the debt contracted for
the construction of those canals, has afforded reve-
nue more than sufficient to meet the respective
portions of the debts, as they become paya-
ble. The inconvenience and risk of accumula-
tions of money constitutionally pledged to a
particular application, have induced the State
officers, having charge of this money, for se-
veral years past, to offer strong pecuniary in-
ducement to the holders of these stocks to bring
them in for payment before their maturity. These
efforts for the final extinguishment of that debt,
have failed as to a large amount of the stocks, they
being principally five and six per cent. stocks held
in Europe, and not redeemable until the yesr 1845.
The amount thus outstanding is given in the re-
port of the Comptroller referred to, at $2,167,558
94. For the payment of this portion of its debt,
the State had done what he hoped it would always
be able and disposed to do-had accumulated and
was keeping the money to meet the debt when it
should become due, or when it should be presented
for payment. Yet were these stocks, in the hands
of bona fide holders, less a debt of the State, be-
cause the money to pay them was provided? And
could the debt of the State be truly given by this,
committee of the Senate, without including this
portion of it? If the Federal Government were,
upon this day, to assume the debts of the various
States of this Union, should we be at liberty to say
to the State of New York, we will not pay this
part of your debt, because you had money enough
in your treasury to pay it when we agreed to pay
your debts? These stocks are in the markets of
the world: and can the State, in justice to itself to
its credit, or to the holders of this portion of its
responsible paper, say it is no longer our debt, bh-
cause we have once prepared the money to meet
it before it was legally payab'e, and before yoe
could legally demand it? He had not been able to
satisfy himself of the truth of any of these posi-
tions, and therefore he had included this amount as
a part of the debt of the State in the sum furnished

by him to the committee.
A single other ground of difference between the
amount of the Stale debt as given by the Governor
and the Comptroller would be noticed, though he
did not hold himself particularly responsible to re-
concile their statements. His Excellency states
that nearly a million of dollars of the money bor-
rowed to be expended upon two of the works
named has not been expended, but is yet on
hand, and this money he deducts from the
debt of the State. The stocks, by which this
money has been obtained, have been issued,
and are now in the hands of bona fide pur-
chasers, or are offered in the public markets as safe
transferable securities for money. And are they
no part of the debt of the State? Could the amount
of that debt be truly given, excluding these stocks? To
him it seemed not, and therefore this amount also
was included in the sum given to the committee as
the true amount of the State debt. Would the honora-
ble Senator [Mr. SOUTHARD] differ from him in
his conclusions upon these points? He would give
him a familiar case to illustrate his views. Had
he borrowed, or should he borrow, of the gentle-
man, one hundred dollars, and execute to him bis
promissory note for the amount, payable at a fu-
ture day, with interest, would that note cease to be
a debt in favor of the Senator, and against himself,
because he should keep the same or some other
hundred dollars of money in his pocket? He was
very well aware that the hundred dollars i4 hand, if

6echose so to apply it, would prove his ability to
pay thie d,bi, but it would be n, ne the lesi a debt
again.-t him, U1.1,I1 the application was made, pay-
ment per eciel, and ihs evidence of indebtedness
destroyed or cancelle.d. He was as well aware
thai it hadl be(it ingenmou-ly attempted upon the
other side to show hiat the mention of these S ate
debts by the committee, and by the friends of the
report in argument, was an ins nation of the ina-
bility or want of intention on the part of the States
to pay, and in that way to introduce the doc rine
for which they seemed to contend, that the disposi-
tion to pay ins ocuis, arIm tue nullty to pay them,
was equivalent to actual payment, and should ab-
rogate the debts themselves in the statements of the
report. Who had attempted to impugn the fiith,
or question the means of any one of the States to
meet the debts it had contracted? No such idea
or suggestion had met his ear as he listened to the
reading of the report, and he challenged gentlemen
to point out any such sentiment upon its face.
Who had pretended to qttestion, here, the willing-
nes or ability of the S a'e of New York to pay its
debt, whether it should be called nine or fifteen
millions? Certainly no one had, unless that infe-
rence was to be drawn from the attempt to show
that the State does not in fact acknowledge as a
debt, those transferable stocks which have been
issued in pursuance of its laws, and sold in the
market upon the strength of its faith and credit.
[Mr. CLAY of Alabama here inquired if Mr.
WRIoGT would not give way to a motion that tlhe
Senate proceed to the consideration of Executive
Mr. W. said he was spending more time in this
explanation than he had intended, and he would
leave it. He desired, however, to make a very few
remarks further this evening; was sorry to find he
was exhausting the patience of the Senate; and
would hasten to a conclusion.
What was the subject presented to the Senate for
its action by the report of the committee under con-
sideration ? Was it the amount of the State debts,
or their security in the hands of the holders of the
stocks and bonds? Was it the soundness of the
pc sitions or the clearness and correctness of the
reasoning of the report itself? It was none of
these things. The resolutions presented by the
committee were the only subjects upon which the
Senate was requested to act,or could act. The-re-
port was nothing more than the argument of the
committee to sustain their conclusions, which were
given in the resolutions. What were they ? Sim-
ple, concise, and intelligible declarations that it
would be unjust, inexpedient, and unconstitutional
for Congress to pass a law assuming the debts of
the States, and charging their payment upon this
Government. The amount and the existence of the
debts of the States are mentioned in the report for
no other purpose than that of argument and illus-
tration to establish the conclusions to which the
committee have come. Still the report, and not the
resolutions, had been made the subject of the de-
bate for two days. References to it as the argu-
ment of the committee to support their conclusions
ere manifestly proper, and refutations of their
Pitons and reasoning was a fair mode of com-
batik the conclusions based upon it. Had the
debate 'terto seemed to have had that object ?
Did therdppear to be any difference of opinion
among the hfnbers of the Senate in relation to an
assumption by"wi Government of the debts of the
The committee, itfas true, had been called upon
to say by what authorty they acted at all in this
matter How it was 'hat they had assumed to
present to the' Senate a long argumentative re-
port and various resolution against a proposition
which no man had made or tnntemplate' ? They
had answered that they acted hy special order of
the Senate; that they were constituted a select
committee of the body solely K) consider and
report upon this subject; that it had been
referred to them in the form of resolutions submit-
ted by a Senator not a member of the committee;
that they were in no way responsible for bringing
the matter before the Senate, and ad acted upon
it under the express order of the Senav%, according
to their best judgments, and in the c.n,rieni,.u,
discharge of what they believed to be lie.r -u!btjc
duty. These answers of the committee had not &9-
peared to be satisfactory, and the complaints
against them for having acted at all upon the sub-
ject were continued, while all seemed to express
astonishment at the very idea of an assumption of
the State debts by this Government. This he un-
derstood to be the spirit and tendency of the re-
marks of the honorable Senators from Kentucky
[Mr. CaITTNDEsN] and Massachusetts, [Mr. WEB-
sTEra,] yesterday, of the honorable Senator from
South Carolina, [Mr. PaRESTO,] on both days, and
of the honorable Senator from New Jersey, [Mr.
SOUTHARD.] to-day.
[Mr. W BSTt here rose to explain. He said
he did not express astonishment at the idea of the
assumption, but at the manner in which the subject
had b-en brought before the Senate, without the
application of a single State in the Union, or even
of any individual citizen.]
Mr. W. said he asked the pardon of the Senator.
He certainly did not intend to misrepresent him.
He hbd listened attentively to his remarks, ad-
dressed to the Senate on yesterday, and had infer-
red from them that he was distinctly opposed to the
assumption, and astonished that the matter should
be treated as one ih the serious contemplation of
any body. If he and his friends were in favor of
the assumption, he had wholly misapprehended
them, and was glad to be corrected, as he would
not designedly misrepresent heir opinions upon
this, or any subject.
[Mr. WEBSTER rose again in explanation. He
said he had not declared himself in favor of the as-
sumption; and he called upon the Senator to refer
to any thing he had said which constituted such a
declaration ]
Mr. W. said he was again at fault, but cer-
tainly unintentionally. He had quoted the honora-
ble gentleman as against the assumption, and was
corrected. He had now spoken of him as for it,
and was again corrected. It was evident, there-
fore, that he did not understand his position, and
he would leave its explanation to himself. He had
been felicitating himself that there was no division
of sentiment in the body in relation to the resolu-
tions tendered by the committee; but in that, too,
he was probably mistaken.
He was very properly reminded by a Senator
near him, that the question now depending was
simply upon printing the report and resolutions.
Upon that question he had not one word to say.
He had followed the course of the debate hitherto,
and if he had wandered from the proper point for
remark, that had led him away.
He must follow it one step further, which should
close what he had to say at present. This report
bad met a resistance, upon its very entrance iato
this chamber, which had been offered to very few
papers of any character since he had had the honor
of a seat here. The principal matter of the charge,
too, had surprised him quite as much as the time
and manner of it. What was the great and grave
objection which had been rolled with so much
force and energy from this to the other side of the
hall? It was that the report was an attack upon
the sovereign States of this Union; a violent in-
fringement of State rights; a servile war upon them.
A proper regard for the rights of the States, as
members of the Confederacy, was said to be one of
the professed doctrines of the party to which he be-
longed, and yet a flagrant violation of every prin-
ciple- of it was supposed to be proclaimed in this
report. For himself, he could say, as did the ho-
norable Senator who sits before him, [Mr. CarT-
TMNDE,] he had never made much pretension upon

this point, .but he believed he regarded the principle
and the duty of preserving the State sovereignties
in our system, as deeply as most public men. Yet he
was bound to say the danger to them from the
paper presented by this committee, and now upon
the table of the Secretary, was not so perceptible to
him as it seemed to be to those who had not even
professed to belong to the State Rights school.
What was-the violation of right complained of,
and whence the danger apprehended? Giving the
amount of ihe debt of a State was the violation of
its sovereign right, and talking about that debt was
to be the destruction of its public credit? Talking
about it how? Suggesting the inability of the State
to pay? No: for no such suggestion is contained in
the report, or has been made in debate. Im-
peaching its faith and intention to pay? No: for
no such impeachment is put forth, or even insi-
nuated, in or out of the report. Talking, then, of
the debts as existing, of their amount', of the re-
venue arising to the States from the objects of ex-
penditure for which the debts have been contracted,
and of the impolicy of separating the one from the
the other, and of leaving the revenues to the
States, while the debts, interest, and principal, are
thrown upon this Government for payment. This
is the manner in which the report speaks of the
State debts, and here, if any where, must be found
the suppoi t for the grave charges which are made
against it.
Mr. W. said he would take his own State for an
example.- The report assumed to state the amount
of its debt. It was apprehended that the statement
was excessive, and yet Ihe report declares that the

revenues annually Crnong trom tIhe ofbjecs dex-
peiditure are more than sufficient to meet the inte-
rest upon the amount of debt given. Is the itate-
ment of these facts, in a report to the Senate by
one of its committees, an infringement of the sovtw
reign rights of that State? Are the facts stated cal-
culated to destroy its credit at home and abroad,
and thus to bring unmerited injury upon it? In
short, Mr. President, said Mr W. is the credit of
any one of the free and proud States of this Union
so frail and feeble, and sustained non so unreal a
basis, that ,h.-"-Inrlt.. ...
I -.... ,,,,pie truth, told in relation to its
pecuniary liabilities, will destroy ii? Will any man
in these seats claim the fact to be so as to the State
he represents hete? Will arty one assert or be-
lieve it as to the State from which I come, and of
the financial affairs of which I suppose I am per-
mitted, at all times, heie and elsewhere, respectful-
ly and truly to speak? Sir, she has hitherto paid
her debt faster than it has fallen due, and so long
as wisdom shall guide her, councils she will con-
tinue to do so. She has the means to preserve her
faith and her credit, without depending upon the
ignorance of the world as to her liabilities; and if
the t me shall come when she shall be willing to
pledge the former, or to send forth the latter for a
market, relying upon such a dependence, that will
be the time when the truth should be known, re-
gardless of the consequences to her.
Take her debt, sir, and who believes it unjust to
her to urge the inexpediency of separating it from
her rich revenues, and throwing it upon this Go-
vernment for payment? To her it is light, be-
cause, in the course of its contraction, she has laid
the foundation for permanent revenues, more than
sufficient to meet the accruing interest. Transfer
it here, without those revenues, and it becomes a
dead weight. So with the debts of all the other
States. They, too, must be separated from the re-
venues, which have been made consequent upon
them, if they are assumed by this Government; and
in such a general arrangement, the existing bur-
dens of New York could not be lessened, while
they might be fearfully increased. Her proportion
of any debt of this Government would rest as d-
rectly and as heavily upon her people, as an equal
amount of her own debt, while the interest wou!d
be met, and the principal redeemed, not by her re-
venues, set apart for the purpose, but by the heavy
operation of the taxing power here.
Think you, sir, she will call upon you, under
such circumstances, and with such prospects, to as-
sume her debt? I confidently hope and believe
not. She has been to you once. I believe she was
the first to ask your aid for objects of internal ex-
penditure. You refused her rightly then, and
I pray she may be the last to invite another re-
Let the States manage their own affairs in their
own way, in reference to their local expenditures,
and the debts to be contracted for them. They will
have the revenues to be derived, and let them meet
the payments to be made, not separate the one from
the other, and tie the debts, with the weight of a
millstone, about the neck of this Government.

On the 6th instant, in the forty-second year of
her age, with Christian resignation, Mrs. A. M.
ASHTON, leaving a large circle of relatives and
friends to lament her death.
Her friends and acquaintances are invited to at-
tend her funeral to-morrow at 3 o'clock p. m. cor-
ner I and 22d street.
[The National Intelligencer and Alexandria Ga-
zette will insert the above.]
-Hon. THOS. H. BENTON'S, on the
armed occupation of Florida-price $2 per 100.
Hon. THOS. H. BENTON'S, on the Indepen-
dent Treasury bill-price $2 per 100.
Hon. H. W. WATTERSON'S, on abolition
petitions-price $1 per 160.
Hon. N. CLIFFORD'S, on the New Jersey dis-
puted election-price $2 per 100.
Hon. M. A COOPER'S, on Abolition petitions-
price $1 per 100.
Hon. S. H BUTLER'S, on Abolition petitions-
price $1 per 100.
Hon. R. J. WALKER'S, on the Independent
Treasury Bill-price $2 per 100.
Hot. JAMES BUCHANAN'S on the Indepec-
dent Treasury Bill-price $2 per 100.
Hon. B. TAPPAN'S on the subject of Aboli-
tion petitions-price 50 ct. per 100.
Will be presented a laughable Drama, never acted
here, called
Dicky Watt Mr. Burton.
After which the whimsical sketch, called the
Jem Baggs Mr. Barton.
To conclude wth the Laughable New Farce of
S &c.-On Saturday morning next, the 8th
inst. at 12 o'clock, m. I shall sell, in front of my
auction store:
10 barrels Whiskey, a good article
3 pipes Cognac and Champagne Brandy
5 sixteen gallon casks Madeira Wine
4 half boxes and 15 thirteen pound boxes Gun-
powder Tea
50 boxes Smoked Herring
3 barrels Sugar, boxes Cigars, Soap, &c.
10 barrels Family Herring, and Pickled Cod Fish;
with a variety of good Household Furniture, such
as Mahogany Sideboards, Chairs, Bureaus, Ward-
robes, Bedsteads, Beds, Comfortables, &c. with
several Cooking Stoves, Grates, &c.; the whole to
be sold, without restriction, for cash.
The French Fancy Goods, advertised for public
sale at Messrs. Boteler and Donn's rooms, will be
for private sale to-morrow (Friday) and Saturday,
after 10 o'clock, a. m. Great bargains may be
had, and ladies and gentlemen are respectfully re-
quested to call and examine the articles.
Feb 6-2t Auctioneer.

AT the annual meeting of the Franklin Fire
Company, held on Tuesday evening last, the
following gentlemen were elected officers to serve
for the ensuing year:
President.-McClintock Young.
Vice President.-Wallace Kirkwood.
Secretary.-James H. Stewart.
Assistant Secretary.-T. Rich.
Treasurer.-John C. Rives.
Captain Engineers.-Wm. L. Bailey.
Captain Hose.-Wm. C. Riddall.
Hall Committee.-George Lamb, John A. Do-
Captain Hook and Ladder.-W. Nailor.
JAS. H. STEWART, Secretary.
Feb 6
Assembly will take place at Carusi's Sa-
loon on Wednesday Evening, 12th instant.
Hon. Wm. C. Preston Rich'd Wallack
Gen. Alex. Hunter Henry May
Gen. Geo. Gibson Morris S. Miller
Hon. Rich'd Biddle Robt. S. Chew
Jos. Gales, jr. P. Kemble Paulding
Win. A. Bradley J. Mandeville Carlisle
Hon. Win. C. Johnson Charles L. Jones
Hon. James Monroe Lieat J. R. Goldsborough
Aaron Vail Richard Wainwright
Maj. Wm. Turnbull Richard Hill
Phbtlip T. Ellicott Wmn. S. Wain
Dr. Joan. Fred'k May Gilbert Rodman.
Feb 5-3t
A CARD.-Those who are indebted to the un-
dersigned are respectfully requested to close
their accounts by the first day of March next, or
otherwise they will be placed in an officer's hands
for collection by process of law.
JOHN WALKER, Victualler.
Feb 5-6t

F ARRIERY.-It is not necessary to remind
the public of the superior experience, skill,
and talents, of M. Foy, lately deceased. The ex-
tensive patronage, and the approbation of the most
competent judges, which he enjoyed in this com-
munity for fourteen years, attest that his merit; as
a mechanic and operator was properly appre-
The public is respectfully informed that the bu-
siness will be conducted hereafter by the eldest son
of the deceased, who has been employed therein
for three years, aided by the same foreman, so uni-
versally approved by the customers of M. Foy.
He hopes that his attention, skill, and assiduity,
will enable him to maintain the reputation of his
father, as well as to give universal satisfaction.
Feb 5-3t JAMES FOY.



WEDNESDAY, February 5,1840.
The presentation of petitions being the first thing
in order, the SPEAKER commenced the call of
the States for that purpose, beginning *with the
Siate of Massachusetts.
Petitions and memorials were then presented by
Mr. LAWRENCE presented a petition praying
the recognition of the independence of the Govern..
ment of Hayti; which was read, when Mr. L.
moved its reference to the Committee on Foreign
Mr. BANKS moved that itbe laid on the table;
upon which motion the yeas and nays were or-
dered. *
Mr. JAMESON,'who'was absent at the time his
name was called, desired to vote, but it was ruled
out of order; when Mr. J. moved that his vote be
recorded in the affirmative.
The CHAIR said it wou!d not then be in order.
Mr. JAMESON, for t:e purpose of having his
motion placed on the journal, would take an ap-
peal from that decision, and demanded the yeas and
' Mr. JENIFER inquired if it would at that time
be in order to entertain an appeal.
Th CHAIR said the decision would be arbitrary
if it was not entertained at that time. If it was
not then in order it would not be at any other time.
Mr. DAWSON thought it would do the greatest
injustice to the SPEAKER to take an appeal from a
just fe -ision, merely to get such a motion en-
tered on the journal contrary to the rules.
Mr. JAMESON did not wish to do injustice to
t'e SPEAKER. He had made a request of the
House, to give him permission to record his vote;
but objection had been made, very improperly, and
he thought it perfectly in order to make the motion
he had.
Mr. DAWSON hoped the gentleman would see
the impropriety of the course, and withdraw his
Mr. JAMESON withdrew his appeal.
The question on laying on the table was decided
in the affirmative-yeas 110, nays 63.
Petitions were further presented from Massachu-
setts, by Messrs. WM. B. CALHOUN, BAKER,
[Mr. SALTONSTALL presented the memorial of
sundry citizens of Boston, merchants, praying in-
demnification for property sequestrated by the Go-
vernor of Hayti, many years ago.]
[Mr. ADAMS presented a memorial from the
American Philosophical Society, prayingan appro-
priation by Congress to carry on a series of magne;
tical experiments, and meteorological observations
which was referred to a select committee of nine, to
be appointed for that purpose, and ordered to be
printed. Also, from W. McNally, and twelve hun-
dred other signers, American seamen, praying Con-
gress to take into consideration their unprotected
condition, and grant some appropriate relief: re-
ferred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and
ordered to be printed. Mr. A. hoped that commit-
tee would take the matter into serious considera-
tion, for he believed there was no class of the free
people of the United States who so much needed a
revision of the laws for their protection.]
[Mr. PARMENTER presented the memorial of
Lemuel Wheelock and others, contesting the right
of OSMYN BAKER to a seat in the House, am a Re-
presentative from the Sixth Congressional District
of Massachuseti ts, setting forth that he was not cho-
sen by a majority of the votes of said district as re-
quired by the laws of Massachusetts and the Consti-
tution of the United States, to which committee, on
motion of Mr. LINCOLN, the certificate of election,
given to Mr. BAKER by the Governor of Massa-
chusetts, was also referred. Also, the petition of
Elizabeth Stockwell for a Revolutionary pension;
of Mary Reed for the same; of Lucy Tugalls for
the same; of.William Kilhiam and ohrrs,of Saxon-
ville, Massachusetts, for security against frauds in
duties on woolleas; of Se h Bemis and others, of
Waltham, Massachusetts, for the same purpose; ot
Benjamin B. Adams and others, for a mail route
from Framingham to ( nt-i..i,.r..l Massachusetts;
of Joel Knight and seventy-five others, pray-
ing that the exportation of opium to China in
American vessels may be prohibited; of Benjamin
Hawkes for the regulation of pay; of Ellery Brown
for Revolutionary pension; which were appropri-
ately referred.]
[Mr. HASTINGS of Massachusetts presented the
petition of David Davenport and twenty-two other
citizens of Mendon, Mass.; prayinmgthat the rates of
letter postage may be so reduced as not
to exceed ten cen.s on a single letter: re-
ferred to the Committee on the Post Office
and Post Roads. Also, the petition of Mary
Kilbourn of Northfield, Mass. for a pension:
referred to the Committee on Revolutionary Pen-
sions. Also, the petition of Adolphus Batchellor
and sixty-one other citizens of Northbridge, Mass.
praying for a Congress of Nations to establish a
coJe of international law, and a HighCourt of Na-
tions to decide on all cases of international diffi-
culty: referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs.
Also, the memorial of Joseph France and one hun-
dred and twenty-five others, of Mendon, Mass.;
of Edward Seagraves and twenty-eight others, of
Oxbridge, Mass.; John Corey and others, of Fox-
borough, Mass.; of Frederick W. Lincoln and fifty
others, of Canton, Mass.; of Mosses Buffum and
others, of Mendon, Mass.; of James Adams
and twenty-two others, of Canton, Mass.;
of Anson Barton and twenty-three others,
of Wrentham, Mass.; all representing the existence
of frauds upon the revenue, and praying for an in-
vestigation of the same, and for a revision of the
laws in relation to the collection of duties on manu-
factures of wool: referred to the Committee on
Manufactures ]
of Rhode Island.
SMITH, of Connecticut.
of Vermont.
MONTANYA, of New York.
[Mr. MARVIN presented, and had properly refer-
red, the following petitions: The petition of Joseph
Hall for a pension as an invalid. The petition of
General Putnam Farringtonof Chautauque county,
New York, praying for a pension. The petition of
Eunice Abell for a pension. The petition of A.
Hitchcock, land others, for an increase of pen-
sion. Also, two petitions from sundry citizens of
Chautauque county, New York, praying legisla-
tion in relation to the use of ardent spirits in the
army and navy, &c. &c. Also, a letter in relation
to the claim of Charles Wood, of Cattaraugus
county, New York, for a pension, with a resolution
that the Committee on Revolutionary Pensions in-
quire into the expediency of granting said Wood
a pension. Mr. M. also presented the following
petitions, which he said had been placed in his
hands by the Hon. Mr. GAL5RAITH, of Pennsylva-
nia, not now in his seat, with a request to present
them: Three petitions praying for an appropria-

tion to improve the navigation of the Alleghany
river from Pittsburgh to Olean. Petition of James
Gee for a pension as an invalid. The petition of
Casper M. Rause for remuneration, &c. for losses
sustained by his father in the Revolutionary War.
A petition praying for the construction of
a harbor on Lake Erie, at the mouth of Six-
teen Mile Creek, in Pennsylvania. The pe-
tition of citizens of Warren and Erie ceun-
ties, Pennsylvania, praying for a post route
from Waterford to Warren. The petition of D.
Raymond, respecting the currency of the United
States. The memorial of a convention of dele-
gates from a number of counties in the western
part of Pennsylvania, for an appropriation to im-
prove the navigation of the Alleghany river.]
[Mr. PRENTISS presented the petition of Geo.
H. Noble, and ninety-nine others, of Oswego
county, New York, for a reduction in the rate of
letter postage. Also, the petition of Joseph Peck,
and one hundred and twenty-two others, of New
Lisbon, Otsego county, New York, for the same
[Mr. HAND presented the petition of Henry Wat-
ri's for relief on account of damages sustained by
a sudden termination of a contract with the United
States, to make, prepare, and fit the iron work for
building a battery at Island Point, near the boun-
dary line on Lake Champlain : referred to the
Committee on Claims. Also, the petition of Chas.

M. T-,llyard, lot pay ot ncesarles Alurnishettd
the troops during the border ir- -uh in 1838: re-
ferred to the Commitee ,.i Clauims. Also, the
petition of Daniel T. Taylor, for aid in estab-
lishing a national university in Missouri, Illinois,
or ona of the Western States: referred to the
Committee on the Judiciary. Also, the petition of
Archibald MsCollum, for compensation for a
house accidentally destroyed by fire when in the
occupancy of the United States troops: referred
to the Committee on Claims. Alo, the petition
of Lebbeus Hascall, stating that he is the inventor
of certain hollow cannon shot, asking for trial by
experiments, and, if found an improvement, then
for compensation: referred to the Committee on
Military Affairs. Also moved that the Commit-
tee on Revolutionary Pensions be discharged from
the consideration of the petition J. Cammack, and
that it be referred to the Committee on Invalid
Pensions: ordered. Also, that same committee be
discharged from the consideration of the petition of
Elizabeth Allen, and that the same be referred to
the Committee on Revolutionary Claims: ordered.]
[Mr. LEONARD presented the petition of Samuel
Hutchinson, a soldier of the Revolution, praying
to be inscribed upon the pension roll. Also, a pe-
tition of inhabitants of the county of Tioga, in the
State of New York, for the establishment of a mail
route from Flemingville, in said county, to Speeds-
ville, in the county of Tompkins. Also, the peti-
tion of the heirs of Capt. Thomas Park, deceased,
praying compensation for private property sold for
the use of the Government during the Revolu-
tionary war.]
[Mr. STRONG of New York presented sundry pe-
titions of inhabitants of the counties of Wayne and
Ontario, in the State of New York, praying for an
appropriation to aid in improving the harbor at
Pulteneyville, on Lake Ontario: referred to the
Committee on Commerce. Also, a petition of in-
habitants of the county of Wayne, State of New
York, praying that the franking privilege may be
abolished, and that the rate of postage on each
letter, not exceeding one-fourth of an ounce in
weight, may be made un form, without regard to
distance, and be two cents: referred to the Com-
mittee on the Post Office and -Post Roads. Also,
a petition of William Willcox and Joseph Willcox,
of Palmyra, in the county of Wayne, Sta'e of
New York, praying for relief: referred to the Com-
mittee on the Judiciary. Also, a petition of sun-
dry inhabitants of the State of New York, praying
for the establishment of a port of entry at Indian
Key: referred to the Committee on Commerce.]
[Mr. HUNT presented the petition, with accom-
panying papers, of Polly Hall, widow and execu-
trix of Lot Hall, deceased, as also of the heirs of
the deceased, praying remuneration for services
rendered by the said Lot Hall, and prize money
due him, in the war of the Revolution: ordered to
be printed, and referred, with the papers, to the
Committee on Revolutionary Claims. Also, the
petition and accompanying papers of Thomas
Thody, of Rensselaer county, New York, praying
relief and remuneration for his unjust imprison-
ment in the State prison at Auburn, for the rob-
bery of the United States mail, committed in May,
1835, by one John C. Riley: referred to the Com-
mittee on the Judiciary.]
[Mr. PECK presented the following petitions, viz:
George Williams and others, of Portage, Allegany
county, New York, for the establishment of a mail
route; William Parker, a Seneca Indian, for an
increase of pension; Samuel Gilman, of Genesee
county, New York, for relief, by pension or other-
wise, on account of Revolutionary services.]
[On motion of Mr. JONES,
Resolved, That the Committee on the Post Office
and Post Roads be instructed to inquire into the
expediency of an act to establish a post route from
Newburg, by way of Brook's Mills and Lagrange,
to South Middletown, in Orange county, N. Y.
On motion ot Mr. JONES, the resolution in re-
ference to "Jones's Digest and Tariff," and the
report thereon, February 13, 1839, were referred to
the Committee on Commerce.]
[Mr. MONTANYA presented the petition of James
S:ephens, Leah Tenure, Rachel Polhamus, John
Sidman, and Jonathan Youman, praying to be
placed on the roll of Revolutionary pensions. Also,
the petition of John Blight and others, master work-
men at naval stations, for increase of pay. Also,
two separate peitionis from inhabitants of Brook-
lyn and New York, for the construction of a na-
tional dry-dock at Brooklyn. Also, a petition of
two hundred and three mechanics of the Brooklyn
naval station, for an early appropriation for the
completion of works already commenced; which
was ordered to be printed, and referred to the Com-
mittee of the Whole on-the State of the Union.]
When New Jersey.was called,
Mr RANDOLPH inquired of the SPEAKER whe-
ther he had received a communication from the
Governor and Council of New Jersey on the sub-
ject of the contested elections from that State.
The SPEAKER replied that he hal] r.'-iiv.'d
such a communication, but that it was altr.:,e.d
to him in his individual capacity as n Repre oa-
tive from the State of Virginia, and not in his of-
ficial character as SPEAKER of the House, and
therefore he had declined presenting it.
Mr. PICKENS said he should like to hear the
SPEAKER'S answer to the communication read.
Mr. WISE said the answer was a personal affair,
solely belonging the SPEAKER, because the commu-
nication of the Governor and Council was addressed
to him in his private character, and therefore it was
not necessary for him to ask the advice of the
House in answering it. But inasmuch as it was a
correspondence between the authorities of a sove-
re gnoState and a high officer of that House, he
hoped it would be laid before them.
Mr. RANDOLPH said he felt bound, at the first
opportunity, to present these resolutions himself,
and he woald therefore do so now, and move that
they be spread upon the journal, and printed.
Mr. JAMESON asked of the CHAIR, if these re-
solutions had not first been addressed to him as an
individual member ofthe House.
The SPEAKER replied that he had received cer-
tain resolutions from the Governor and Council of
New Jersey, but as they were hot addressed to him
in his official character as SPEAKER of the House
he had declined presenting them.
Mr. HAND doubted whether it was in order to
present these resolutions at this time. The exten-
sion of the 20th rule authorized the presentation of
petitions; but he did not think resolutions of a State
could come in under that rule.
Mr. JAMESON wished to know of the CHAIR if
the report and resolutions of the minority of the Le-
gislature of New Jersey on the same subject, had
been received by him; and if so, whether he would
lay them before the House.
The SPEAKER replied that he had received a
report from the minority of the New Jersey Legis-
lature, which was addressed to him in his official
character, as Speaker of the House of Representa-
tives; and he would, therefore, at a proper time,
present them.
Mr. PICKENS apprehended that the gentleman
from New York was mistaken in his construction
of the rule. It would apply, he said, to resolu-
tions offered by the members from themselves,
but not to resolutions coming from one of the
States. Such had always been received when pe-
titions were in order.
Mr. HAND then withdrew his objections.
Mr. R. GARLAND asked if he understood the
SPEAKER as saying that he would present the report
coming from the minority of the New Jersey Le-
gislature, while he declined presen'ing a commu-
nication from the Governor and Council of that

Mr. WISE said that if gentlemen would permit
the correspondence to be read, they would not only
understand the motives of the SPEAKER, but would
approve of his conduct. The one set of resolutions
was addressed to him as a member from the State
of Virginia, and denied the organization of the
House, and that he was the Speaker of it. He
could not, therefore, consistently with the respect
he owed the House, or in justice to himself, have
presented these resolutions. The other set, which
came from the minority of the Legislature, was ad-
dressed to him in his official character, and there-
fore, it was right and proper that he should present
Mr. DROMGOOLE contended that the corre-
spondence ought to be laid before the House, in or-
der to set the conduct of the SPEAKER in its proper
light. This, he thought, was due, as well to the
SPEAKER as to the House-
Mr. HOLMES expressed the same views; and
after some further remarks from Messrs. DROM-
Mr. WISE moved a suspension of the rules, in
order to enable the SPEAKER to lay the communi-
cation and his answer before the House. But be-
fore taking any question,
The House adjourned.

THURSDAY, February 6, 1840.
The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Sena'e
a report of the Secretary of the Treasury, made in
compliance with resolutions of the Senate of the
30th December last, in relation to tolls collected on

vessels passing through the touisville aid Port-
land canal; which was read, and referred to the
Committee on Roads and Canals.
Also, a letter from the Secretary of War, trans-
mitting fifty-two copies of the Army Register for
the year l!i40. which was read.
Mr. ROA N E presented the memorial of Nancy
Hickman; which was referred to the Committee on
Mr. PIERCE presented the memorial of Colonel
Many, and other officers of the 3d regiment of infan-
try, praying that the officers of the line of the army
may be placed upon the same footing, in point of
pay, with the officers of the several staff corps.
Mr. P. said he desired to remark here, in reply
to many inquiries that had been propounded to
him upon this subject, that the Committee on Mili-
tary Affairs would soon report a bill for the equali-
zation of the pay ofthe officers of the army, agree-
ably to the instructions of a resolution which he
had the honor to submit at an early day of the ses-
sion, and which was adopted by the Senate, with-
out a dissenting voice.
Mr. NICHOLAS presented the memorial of a
number of masters of steamboats, and others, of
New Orleans, praying the establishment of lights,
for rendering more easy the navigation between
the cities of New Orleans and Mobile; which was
referred to the Committee on Commerce.
Mr. PHELPS presented the petition of John
S. Morton and John Larrabee; which was referred
to the Committee on Claims.
Mr. YOUNG submitted documents in relation to
the claimlof Robert K. McLaughlin; which were
referred to the Committee on Private Land
Mr. BENTON submitted a document contain-
ing the annual payments on account of the public
debt, and the revenue from customs and sales of
public lands in each year, from 1789 to 1839;
which was laid on the table, and ordered to be
Mr. HUBBARD presented the memorial of
Ramsay McHenry; which was referred to the Com-
mittee on the Public Lands.
On motion by Mr. PIERCE, the Committee on
Pensions was discharged from the consideration of
the memorial of Benjamin L. Carleton, and it was
referred to the Committee on Naval Affairs.
Mr. PIERCE, from the Committee on Pensions,
to which was referred the bill for the reL*efof
Samuel Crapin, reported the same without amend-
Mr. P. also, from the same committee, to which
was referred
The petition of Abraham White;
The memorial of Wareham Kingsley; and
A document relating to the claim of James T.
made, severally, adverse reports on the same.
On motion by Mr. BETTS, the Committee on
Pensions was discharged from the further consi-
deration of the petition of Hannah Gouge, and
from the further consideration of the memorial of
Thomas Harrison.
Mr. BETTS, from the Committee on Pensions,
to which was referred the petition of Jeremiah
Fugitt, made an adverse report thereon.
Mr. WRIGHT, from the Committee on Fi-
nance, to which was referred a report of the Secre-
tary of the Treasury, in relation to the execution
of the thirteenth and fourteenth sections of the act
to regulate the deposits of the public money;
The memorial of the Legislative Assembly of
the Territory of Wisconsin, praying for an appro-
priation for the erection of a penitentiary, and
The memorial of John Reed;
asked to be discharged from their further conside-
ration, and that they be laid upon the table; which
was agreed to.
Mr. LINN submitted the following motion for
Resolved, That the Secretary of War be request-
ed to send to the Senate his opinion of the expedi-
ency of 'establishing a line of military posts
at suitable places and distances from the Mis-
souri river, near the mouth of the Platte,
into the pass or passes of the Rocky moun-
tains most usually traversed to descend into
the valley of the Oregon or Columbia ricer; the ef-
fects of such a measure in giving encouragement
and protection to the American fur trader; facili-
tating intercourse between the valley of the Mis-
sissippi and the great western ocean; aiding and
protecting trading caravans; overawing and hold-
ing in check various Indian tribes, in front and
rearof such posts; the number and kind of force
necessary for such service; the probable cost of
keeping up said posts; and whether it would be ne-
cessary to increase the military force of the United
States to accomplish these objects.
Mr. LINN submitted the following motion,
which was considered and adopted:
Resolved, That the Committee on Pensions be
instructed to inquire into the expediency of so
ami -lina ith? pension laws, as to authorize the
'r.mmni iC. nr: of Pensions to pay to the adminis-
trator or aduwuiistrators on the estate of a pensioner,
where the widow is dead, the amount coming to
the children of the deceased, but, at the same time,
not to make this fund liable for the debts of the de-
Mr. HUBBARD submitted documents in the
claim of Gershom Morse; which, with a resolution,
was referred to the Committee on the Public Lands.
The resolution submitted some days since by Mr.
TAPPAN, to amend the joint rules in relation to pe-
titions, was taken up,and ordered to be printed.
The resolution submitted yesterday by Mr. CLAY
of Alabama, after being amended on motion of Mr.
SMITr of Indiana, was considered and agreed to-
ayes 30, noes 5.
The bill for the relief of Charles Morgan, after
being amended, and changing its title to "A bill
for the relief. Susannah Honeyman, her heirs
or assigns;"
The bill to amend the "act to provide for taking
the sixth census or enumeration of the inhabitants
of the United States, approved March 3, 1839;"
The bill to authorize John E. Metcalfand others,
to locate certain pre-emption claims to land in In-
were severally considered as in Committee of
the Whole, and ordered to be engrossed for a third
Mr. PRESTON moved that the orders of the
day be suspended, and the resolution submitted by
trim some days since be taken up for consideration.
On this motion a debate sprung up, in which
Alabama participated.
When, on motion of Mr. CLAY of Alabama, it
was laid on the table-ayes 25, noes 15.
On motion, the Senate adjourned.
The subscriber deems it only necessary to say to
those who have as yet deferred giving him a call,
that he must positively leave on or about the llth
inst. for the South and Southwestern cities; and
will, in the meantime, be pleased to receive the
calls of all standing in need of his professional ser-
vices. Apply at his residence, at Mrs. Jane Tay-
lor's, sixth house east of Gadsby's Hotel, Pennsyl-
vania avenue. THOMAS Q.UIRK,
Feb 4-3t Of No. 490, Broadway, N. Y.
MY, Cooperstown, Otsego co. N. Y. 1838,
W. H. Doru, A. M. Principal-Is delightfully situ-
ated upon the banks of the Susquehatina, in the
immediate vicinity of the Otrego lake, and com-

manding extensive views of the lovely scenery
around it, and in a country remarkable for its
healthiness. The Albany and Utica railroad cars
pass Fort Plain daily, which is only twenty miles
distant from Cooperstown, and between the villages
a stage runs every day.
Thorough instruction in the Classical, Mathema-
tical, and English branches, is united with such a
subordinate course of military instruction and ex-
ercises, as is considered to best promote the physi-
cal condition of the pupils, and impart to them a
manly and gent'emanlike deportment, with habits
of neatness, order, and punctuality. The students
reside with the Principal. No out-door or daily
pupils are received; no corporal punishment is per-
mitted. Entrance at any period of the year. The
uniform is neat and economical, and, to save trou-
ble, is provided by the Academy at fist cost.
The next term will commence on the 17th
February, 1840, and the following term on the llth
of May. Terms, $225 per annum.
Application to the Principal will receive imme-
diate attention.
REFERENCEs.-Hon. J. H. Prentiss, M. C.
Washington; Hon. S. Nelson, Chief Justice, New
York; James Fennimore Cooper, J. M. Bowers, E.
B. Morehouse, Robert Campbell, esqrs. Rev. F. T.
Tiffany, Rev. A. E. Campbell, Cooperstown; Hon.
0. D. Barnard, M. C.; Hon. A. C. Flagg, Gen.
Jno. A. Dix, Francis. Bloodgood, M. T. Reynolds,
S. De Witt Bloodgood, esqrs. Albany, N. Y.; Ho-
ratio Averill, esq. Troy, N. Y.; Thos. H. Roches-
ter, Rochester, N. Y. Jan 28-c3m



The National Intelligencer of this morning seeks
to ward off the general charge brought against it,
of hostility towards all the leading political princi-
ples of Georgia-towards its domestic policy and
institutions-towards all political parties which
have arisen in the State during the last ten years,
by making an issue upon a single specification in
the impeachment. We would not pursue a dis-
cussion upon this insulated point, if it involved
a question in which the Editor of the Na-
tional Intelligencer alone were concerned. To prove
a willingness and an effort on his part to
sacrifice the principles, the rights, the interests of
Georgia, to conciliate a great and overshadowing
national party, would be only proving that he was
true to the grand Federal association of the North,
which, in seeking to achieve the conquest of the
Government by embodying the interests of the
most populous section of the Union against the
constitutional rights of the weaker States, have
employed him as their organ at the seat of Govern-
ment. The inquiry urged in our original article
was to ask how any Representative from the
State of Georgia could give their countenance and
support to a press thus at war with all the State's
interests and princip!e5t, and under dependence to
a great party, which would sacrifice the rights of
the whole South?
Wiih a view to bring home the inquiry to every
Georgian's bosom, we now recur to the only speci-
fication on which the National Intelligencer has
ventured to join issue, and put itself upon its de-
fence. We subjoin at length the Editor's article
of this morning, in which he again urges his only
subterfuge. Will he show equal fairness, and
republish, ungarbled, our whole reply?
The National Intelligencer, in its first response,
passing by all the great questions alluded to by us,
in which it opprsed all parties in Georgia, narrows
the controversy thus:
The particular passage in the Globe's article to
which we here refer is as follow s:
"In the present crisis, too, when Federalism has
allied itself with Abolitionism, to bring new and
still more dangerous elements into the strife, to
overthrow not only the political principles, but the
domestic institutions of Georgia, and the whole
South, the Globe has been found contending against
the rival press, for which the majority of the Geor-
gia delegation voted-a press which has not main-
tain ed the cause of any party in the South at any
time within the last ten years. In the course which
the minority of the delegation have thought fit to
take in choosing between the Globe and the Intel-
ligencer, we should think they could hardly fail to
meet the approbation of all parties in Georgia."
Now, if there be one thing which more than
another has ever distinguished the character of
the National Intelligencer, it is its steady, unwa-
vering, conscientious support of the real rights
of all the Stales, and of none more zealously than
those peculiar rights of the South of which the
Executive organ has, in the passage which we
quote, the effrontery to represent it as an opponent.
We challenge any member of the dominant party,
from Mr. Van Buren downwards, to produce from
the files of the National Intelligencer one line
which can show any disposition in this press "to
overthow not only the political principles, but the
domestic institutions of Georgia, and of the whole
South," or any thing that can afford the least sha-
dow of ground for such an imputation.
There exi-'t, in fact, no such strife," nor has
there ever existed any such "strife," as ii referred
to in this quotation. The assertion of is existence
i, a mere party trick, still more detestable, however,
than it is contemptible, because it is a device of
cunning knavery, intended, by the aid of honest
prejudice, to deceive and mislead.
To this we replied by referring to its elaborate
efforts to sustain the attempt of the Supreme Court
to overthrow the authority of the State tribunals,
to punish the crime of murder within their ju-
risdiction, as in the case of TASSELS, and to sub-
sequent attempts on the part of the Edi-
tor against the judicial authority exerted by
the State as to WORCESTER, and the other mis-
sionaries, sent in among the Indians, to stir them
up to resist the laws. And now he turns upon us,
and asks, "What in the name of sense has this to do
with the domestic institutions of the whole South?"
We will tell the Editor of the National Intelli-
If the Supreme Court, or any other branch of
the General Government, have power to annul
the laws or resolutions of the State Legislatures, or
the judgments of State courts, against murder
committed within its jurisdiction, or punishing
with imprisonment missionaries sent into its limits
to stir up the Indians to resist the laws, or the ne-
groes to an insurrection, we would ask, what lawful
means is left to the State's tribunals to defend it
against the incendiary machinations of its enemies,
whether Indian philanthropists or African Aboli-
tionists? Every one must see that the State autho-
rity exerted in the case of TASSELS, the murderer,
and the missionary instigators among the Chero-
kees, is precisely such as the whole South now main-
tains to preserve its "domestic institutions" from the
consequences of the dangerous intrusion of Abolition
missionaries and incendiaries into the heart of the
State. If this right.of interference, now insisted
upon by the same party in the North who inveighed
against the execution of TASSELS, and the impri-
sonment of WORCESTER and the rest, were sup-
ported by the Supreme Court, and sustained by
the strong arm of the General Government, what,
we ask, would soon become the condition of "the
domestic institutions of the whole South," and the
posture of the Confederacy generally? Would it
not be one of servile and civil war?
But the National Intelligencer, in attempting to
throw off the imputation of taking part against
Georgia and the other States of the South, in "a
strife to overthrow their political and domestic institu-
tions," gives the strongest proof that he lends
himself to the design. He says, "there ex-
ists, in fact, no such strife, nor has there existed
any such strife. The assertion of its existence is a
mere party trick, still more detestable, however, than it is
oontenptible, because it is the device of cunning
knavery," &c. &c. To say nothing of the war against
"the political principles" of the South, waged by a
certain party in the North since the foundation of

the Government, we ask if the National Intelli-
geucer could more effectually serve the cause of the
Abolitionists than by lulling public opinion in the
Soath int6 security in regard to their movements,
by merging the idea of danger to the Union from
the prosecution of their designs, and the odium in-
curred by the fanatics even in the North, by the
dissension their machinations sow among the States
and in the councils of the nation. The suggestion
of the National Intelligencer that there exist
no "elements of strife" in the country, tending "to
overthrow the domestic institutions," is as false as it
would provefatal to the South, if deceived by it.
What, we ask, is the meaning of the innumerable
societies spread over all the non-slaveholding
States, from the borders of Canada to the shores of
the Potomac and Ohio, from the Atlantic to the
Mississippi, all uniting and acting on the principle
of "the immediate abolitiont of slavery?" What is
meant by the hundreds of thousands of dollars sub-
scribed annually to effect theit object? What is
meant by the multitude of newspapers established
by them? What by the multitude of petitions sent
to Congress, with innumerable signers? What by
the ardent, urgent debate, enforced in spite of all

resistance, and in the tface ot the constitution, upol
;he fEo)r of Congress? What by the coalition of
Federalism with Abolitionism, not only to carry
elections in favor of their associate candidates to
the highest trusts of the States, but of the nation?
What by sending out missions to England, and the
continent of Europe, to bring the money and influ-
ence of foreign societies in aid of Iho'e among us?
Is all this universal and active agency, in which,
Federalism is so conspicuous, merely intended to
afford to the Democracy a pretext under which to
play off "a mere party trick?" The enlightened
in all parts of the Union will consider these signs
more seriously.

Frem the .National Intelligencer of this Mforning.
TeE GOVERNMENT PAPER.-The official paper,
to answer its own bad ends, charged the National
Intc.ligencer, a few days ago, with being con-
nected with a party which it asserts to be engaged
in a strife "to overthrow not only the political
principles, but the domestic institutions of Georgia,
and of the whole South." To this statement we
replied, by a challenge to any member of the domi-
nant party to produce from the files of the National
Intelligence one line which can show any disposi-
tion in th's press "to overthrow not only the poli-
tical principles, but the domestic institutions of
Georgia, and of the whole South," or any thing
that can afford the least shadow of ground for such.
an imputation.
This challenge has brought forth an article in
the Government paper, under toe head of "A chal-
lenge accepted." The way this direct and very
explicit challenge is accepted by the organ of the
Administration, is the clearest acknowledgment
that we could desire of inability to make good one
particle of its accusations.
The only testimony that it pretends to produce to
support its charge that we are engaged in an alli-
ance to overthow "the domestic institutions of the
South," is from a vindication, by us, in January,
1831, of the Supreme Court of the Uni'.ed States,
against the brow-beating of that tribuual by autho-
rity of the Executive in the official paper, together
with some discussion of the principles of the deci-
sion of that court (which had been arraigned in
gross terms by the Executive organ) in the case of4
a mandate issuing from the Court to 'he P't it- crf
Georg a in favor of an Indian adjudged to de, th in
that State.
What, in the name of common sense, has this to
do with "the domestic institutions of the whole
South?" In what terms, without offending pro-
priety, can we characterize a libel of which the li-
beller himself can, when defied to do so, show no
other foundation than this, or rather not the sh alow
of any foundation whatever.
We are, however, far from regretting that the
Government editor has recalled our attention to
what we then said of the contempt shown by the
President of toe United States and his followers
and flatterers, towardsthe authority of the Supreme
Court. It was well said; and, if we may be ex-
cused the quoting it back from the Globe, we will
say it over again: for, at the moment it was uttered,
it was solemn truth, spoken with sincerity of heart.
Here it is:
S'It is time, fellow-citizens, that we come to a
pause, and solemnly reflect upon our situation.
rTHE TARIFF has been declared to be unconstitu-
tional by more than one State; INTERSNAL IMPaOVE-
MENT has been denounced in the same manner;
the UNITED STATES BANK has been assailed in the
same manner; and, worst of all, the authority of
the JUDICIARYav is seE at naught-all under the ban-
ner of 'Liberty and Reform.' It is not necessary
for us to add, that, sustain these doctrines, and
our Government is at an end. The sword and the
bayonet will have usurped the office of appeals
andwrits of error, and the Supreme Court will ba
substituted by some tribunal of more summarypro-
The Oppositron newspapers are vociferous ia
denouncing the Administration for inhumanity inl
the prosecution of the Florida war, because, with-
out the knowledge, much less the orders or consent
of the Administration, some of the citizens of tfe
Territory have imported dogs from Cuba ; but they
take no notice, except to oppose it, of the humane
efforts of the Administration to terminate the w. r
with the utmost humanity. This is by settling the
Territory with armed colonists. Humanity is a
leading feature in this plan; and, as such, was
presented by Mr. BENTON, in his first proposition of
the plan, as follows:
"In the next place, it is the most humane method
of terminating this war. It is the most humane to
our own people; for it is terrible to employ our
army, and our citizen soldiers-all of them valua-
ble in themselves, and connected with parents,
wives, or children, to whom their lives are both
precious and necessary-it is terrible to employ these-
officers, soldiers, and citizens, upon a service which
is bat little above that of hunting wild beasts, and
in which the killed and wounded undergo it species
of assassination from an invisible hand, and ia
which no prisoners are made. It is most humane
with respect to the Indians themselves; for the effect
of the settlements will be to expel them from the
country by the advance of population, and almost
without bloodshed. The establishment of ten
thousand cultivators in the country, occupying one
or two hundred positions to command the coasts,
and all the healthy and valuable spots, will soon
have its uniform effect upon the Indians. They will
recede as the stations advance; they will re-
tire beyond the Mississippi when they hear
from the Okefinokee swamip to Cape Sable,
the souud of the axe, the crack of the
rifle, and the fierce bark of the house dog.
With little effusion of blood will this protracted con-
test, in this manner, be brought to a close. Con-
siderations of humanity, then, demand its adop-
tion. In the third place, it will be a most effica-
cious method. It will be no longer a struggle of
the whites against the Indians, but of the Indians
against the whites. The action of the war will be
reversed. Now the Indians are the possessors of
the country, and the effort is on the part of the
whites to dislodge them from their fastnesses; then
the whites will become the possessors; and it wilt
be the business of the Indians to drive them out of
their stations. This they can never do. A hollow
square of block-houses, manned by four or five
rifles each, and guarded by the faithful mastiff, is
secure from attack or surprise from any number
of Indians whatever. All the Indians in the Uni-
ted Slates could not take one of these stations. The
plan which we recommend is, therefore, certainly
the best in three essential features-of cheapness,
humanity, and efficiency."
Thus humanity was, from the beginning, a lead-
ing feature in the plan of the Administration and
its friends; and what is worthy of being remarked
is, that the humane policy of the Administration is
furiously opposed by the very people who charge it
with inhumanity.
With respect to the popularity' of the Armed Oc-
cupation bill in Florida, the following toast, drank
with groat approbation at a public dinner to.
the new Governor (REID) at Picolata, is good

"Judge Doggett, of Duval, being called upon by
the Chair for a toast, after a few appropriate re.
marks, offered the following sentiment, which was
received with universal approbation:
Col. Benton's bill for the termination of the Se-
minole war in Florida. It will, if passed, termi-
nate the war."

q. WASHINGTON, held on the 4th instant,
for the purpose of making the necessary arrange-
ments for celebrating the approaching 17th March,
(St. Patrick's day,) it was, on motion,
Resolved, That an adjourned meeting be held at
James Maher's Globe Hotel, on Friday next, the
7th instant, at 7 o'clock p. m. where all those citi-
zens of the District friendly to the proposed cele-
bration, are respectfully Invited to attend, in order
to make the final, arrangements.
By order of the Chairman:
Feb 6-2t D. LITTLE, Secretary.
FOR RENT, and possession given on or be-
fore the first day of March nex', that beauti-
ful residence on I street, north of the President's
House, belonging to Col. George Bomford, and in
the occupancy of the subscriber; to whom, while
on the premises, reference may be made for parti-
Feb 5-eo3t
vols. for $5, (published at $12,) is for sale
by F. TAYLOR, best edition, neatly and strongly
bound. Jan 20

0 k1O COTTON PLANTERS.-The unosertiber
I lespectfully calls the atten io i of the cotton
eaterss to a repeating cotton cleaner or thrasher,
r separating -he leaves, sand, trath and dirty par
I cles from seed, before it passes to the gin,
nwly invented by Jacob Idler, of Philadelphia, for
wkich he has received a patent.
W It is well known that the price of cotton is in
proportion to its cleanliness and quality; if the early
or first picking has many broken, dead leaves and
Bmall trashy particles in it, it is worth, according to
alas greater or less quantity it contains, from I I to
4 cents less than that which is clean and free of it.
It is also well known to the skilful planter, that
saws will carry the principal part of the dead
leaves, dirt and small trashy particles through with
the cotton, and according to the greater or less
quantity in it fixes the price of the cotton. The first
picking clear of leaves and trashy particles is term-
ed first quality; that pat tly leaves and trash, second
qu1:ty; and that which contains still more leaves
as l rash, third and fourth. To pick the leaves
and trash out of it by hand is an endless task, and
answers only a small purpose, and no planter can
spare that time. After cotton is hand picked it is
thrown on the floor in the gin-house, and all the
trashy particles will adhere to it. This difficulty
and losses in quality are now overcome by this cot-
ton cleaner.
The repeating cotton cleaner is a strong, com-
pact, iron framed machine, as long as the gin
ttind. It is set on the floor in the cotton loftabove
the gin, so placed as to throw the cleaned cotton
own into the hopper of the gin. It runs very
ight, with a slack band of 4 or 5 inches, drove by
the same drum which drives ihe gin, and the same
peed; but if preferred, by a separate drum.
This machine makes the cotton so loose and live -
ly that the gin runs much lighter, and gins about
one-third faster than it will with cotton in its raw
unprepared state, as it comes from the field; and
owing to the looseness of the cotton after it has
been cleaned of the trash, it was fully ascertained
that it required rather less power to drive the clean-
er and the gin than it did to gin the cotton in its raw
uncleaned state; the cotton being so loose and lively
the roll seldom breaks, and gives less trouble to
feed the gin.
The beneficial effect on cotton by this repeating
cleaner has been amply tested on the plantations of
P. M. Lapice, esq. in Concordia, opposite Natchez,
one of the ablest and most skilful planters. He
gave it the first trial, and had reserved above 7000
pounds of partially trashy seed cotton, and to prove
the effect of this machine he weighed off two equal
parcels; one he ginned on one of his seventy-saw
gins, in its raw state by itself, and the other was
passed through the cleaning machine and ginned
on the same gin; and to prove its effect still further,
he had some of the late cotton remaining in the
fie d in February last, and that which was thrown
about on the ground by the wind and rains, gath-
ered in the dirty state it was. He had also some
of that ginned in the raw state and kept separate,
and the rest was passed through the cleaner. The
difference between the two was great, and proved
that the cotton which was passed through the clean-
er was so well cleaned of the dead leaves, dirt and
small trashy particles, and made it a cle&., fair
cotton compared to that which was ginned in the
usual raw state.
In consequence of these trials he ordered two
more to be made for his use, and orders from others.
On the strength of these trials, J. E. Davis, esq.
near Warrenton, Mi. a very eminent planter, got
two of said machines, as he had a part of his
clean and early picked seed cotton unginned,
about 100,000 pounds, aid to convince him-
self of the difference it would make in the early and
clean picked cotton he had some ginned separate
in the state it was, and the same quantity
passed through the cleaning machine and ginned
on the same gin; the difference of the cleanness of
that which had been passed through the clearing
machine, was much greater than was expected in the
early clean picked cotton. The inventor was pre-
sent to see 24 bales ginned; by showing the sam-
ples to some of the best judges at New Orleans,
they made a difference of two cents in favor of
that which had passed through said cleaner; and
wtah the late picking or inferior trashy cotton, and
t at which has been beaten on the ground by
r',.ains and storms, the difference will be proportion-
at.13 greaer, and all that class can now be made a
fhir merchantable article with this machine. An-
.,ther advantage to planters is in picking the cotton,
particularly the latter part of the crop; they need
not to be so particular of picking it clean of the
trashy particles, as this machine will clean it out;
they can therefore pick much faster, and get it out
of the field three or four weeks sooner.
There has been various kinds of thrashing ma-
chines, but all twist the cotton and clean but little
per day, and that only partially; but this repeating
cleaner cannot twist or hurt the cotton the least,
as it gives only a tossing up and forward and back-
ward motion.
This machine will also answer a good purpose for
those who re-press cotton, as all the outside of the
bales which get muddy and wet; when taken off
and dried, this machine will clean it and put it in
a loose state, and make it a useful article.
They are made of different sizes, some right and
some left hand, to suit a right or left hand gin; they
are very strong, and not liable to get out of order
when managed by the most awkward negro; they are
simply set plumb and straight on the floor in the
cotton loft over the gin, or on two short pieces of
4 or 6 inch scantling laid on the floor, so placed as to
receive the band, and that the cotton can drop or
slide down to the gin. To feed the cleaner is light
work for a weak steady hand; the operation is
simple; he fills a long trough or measure moderate-
ly full with seed cotton, and throws it into the hop-
per of the cleaner, and after the cotton has revolved
for about two seconds, according to the trashiness of
the cotton, he then draws a string by a ring to
catch into a hook, which opens the front door,
and the cleaned cotton passes out said door, and
the dead leaves, dirt, and trashy particles has pass-
ed through open grates and selves down under the
cleaner; boxes may be put there to receive it, and
during the time the cleaned cotton passes out, he
fills his trough again, and as soon as it has passed
out, he unhooks the ring which shuts again the
front door; at the same time he throws in the next
trough full, but not before the previous one has
passed out, because if two troughs full are in at
one time, the cotton has in that case not room
enough to be cleaned well of leaves, trash, &c. and
so he continues regularly, by putting in a trough full
at a time. The cleaners are cased in so close that
the person who feeds them has less dust than by gin-
ning raw cotton; the dust is drove down into the
magazine, under the cleaner into boxes; by ap-
plying a flue all will pass down through it.
The cotton ought to be well dried; the drier it is
the better it will clean off the leaves and trashy par-
ticles from it; it takes out all the dead leaves, ex-
cept some small flakes, where the cotton has
wrapped itself completely around it, or enveloped
it. These few pass out with the cotton; their num-
ber being so small, and having been crumbled by the
motion, the most of them pass off with the seeds in
When the seed cotton is put into the feeding
trough, nails, or any .hard substance to injure the
gin saws is discovered. And after the cotton has
passed through said cleaner, it is loose and lively, in
separate small locks; in this state, the saws can
take off the cotton faster and better thIan when it is
in its raw state in lumps, and matted together by
laying in a mass in the ginhouse. By the many
trials, by good judges, it proves to be the best way
to improve the cotton, to get it cleaner, and to gin

fast; and it Is the opinion cotton carefully passed
through this machine, by ginning on a good gin 70
to 100 bales, the difference in the quality will pay
for said cleaner.
It is also well worth the attention of the Sea
Island cotton planters to pass the cotton through
this cleaner; it will save them 5-6 part of hand
picking, and the rollers will clean it much faster
and better, as the operation of the machine cannot
hurt or injure the staple the least. It simply sepa-
rates each quarter section of a pod in smaller parts
of one or two seeds, together with its cotton on it;
and, being a passing motion, it lays the staple in
a straight direction; and when it passes through
the rollers, there being no cotton wrapped round
the heel of the seed, it therefore can break no part
of staple, as it does by ginning it in the old way,
as it comes from the field, where the whole quarter
section of a pod comes before the rollers in cluster,
the seed being forced back through all the cotton
wrapped round them, breaks the staple, as the
seeds have to force their way through it, which is
not the case when the sections or clusters of cotton
are divided. The inventor has been for many
years employed by the manufacturers in Europe to
select and purchase Sea Island cotton for them.
The machines of two cylinders are sufficient for
Sea Island cotton, and can be driven by a boy
where there is no horse power.
These machines are made with 2 and some with
3 cylinders; both kinds answer the purpose; as the
diameter of those with 2 are larger than those with
3 cylinders, the latter is preferable for very trashy
C-tton, but cost proportionably more.
Orders for the above MaWiS attendedd to by

WillHa Idler, Philadelphia, Willow Street, riti
door below 6th street.
Aug 3-sw56m WILLIAM IDLER.
O1TTON GINS.-Metal CylinderCotton Gins,
with the latest improvements, manufactured
by Wmn. Idler,of Philadelphia, in Willow street, first
door be'ow Sixth street. It is well known that the
cylinder oa which the saws are fastened and fixture
of gin ribs are the most essential parts of a gin.
The saws have heretofore been fastened in wood,
in different ways, but the shrinking and giving of
the wood in dry weather, and expanding in damp,
cause the saws to deviate more or less. For ithis
reason many do not pass in the centre of the space
between the gin ribs, and pass too near on one or
the other side of the gin ribs, which naps the'cot-
ton in passing, and forces it into the teeth of the
saws, and causes the many little knots, which soon
ruins the gin and hurts the cotton. This difficulty,
which injures the cotton and the gin, is now over-
come by the metal cylinder. The whole fixture ol
the saw cylinder is metal, with strong shafts, best
polished cast steel saws of entire circles, fastened
by a newly constructed metal segment, with bear-
ings of a particular construction, uad a shaft which
causes the saws to keep always straight, and pre-
vents them from buckling by Mrains, invented by
Jacob Idler, for which he rteived a patent. The
saws cannot vary the least, ,,al must pass directly
in the centre of the spoon between the gin ribs:
every saw must do its d"t-, and cannot nap ol
hurt the cotton; and, -refore gin faster and
make good cotton, a"( last for a long time, as
every part is strong aori "f the best materials, with
movable boxes to -.. it to any one's taste. A,
soon as the gin lios begin to be worn, the cylinder
can easily be raised one-fourth of an inch, and set
as before, in order to change the passage for the
cotton between the ribs a little above or below the
former worn place, and the ribs will last three
times longer than the old way. The brush shaft is
made to traverse a little, and does not strike the
saws always at one fixed point, and lasts much
longer. When the brushes are much worn they
can be clipped with a straight edge, and the brushes
moved forwards; and, as they have moveable boxes,
will then answer the same as new ones. The
boxes have oil caps, which prevent the danger of
fire by friction.
Also, Hand Gins, from eighteen to twenty saws,
to suit the South American market.
Also, improved Iron Portable Horse Power to
drive gins, so constructed that it can be placed in
or outside the gia house, as the weather has no
effect on it; it takes a lever from nine to fourteen
feet, can be set up or taken down in a few hours;
no part weighs more than two hundred and thirty
pounds, and can be carried by mules over a moun-
tainous country.
Also, Portable Iron and Wooden Presses, to
pack cotton into small bales, to suit the South
American and West India markets. No part
weighs more than a mule can carry. Also, large
The subscriber has many certificates and letters
from those who have the gins, &c. in use.
Aug 3-sw6m* WILLIAM IDLER.
LIFE: A new and valuable remedy for the cure of
and all diseases of the LUNGS and WINDPIPE;
extensively used and recommended by the Medical
Faculty, to whom the Recipe has been freely
made known.
HOADLEY, PHELPS & Co. wholesale Drug-
gists, 142 Water street, N. Y. General Agents.
I. COVERT & Co. Proprietors, Auburn, N. Y.
The proprietor of this medicine, having witness-
ed, with much pain, the great and increasing de-
struction of the life and health of so many of his
fellow beings by Consumption, Bronchitis, and the
various and numerous other diseases of the Lungs
and Windpipe, was induced to direct his attention
and inquiries to the discovery of a more efficacious
remedy than has heretofore been presented to tho
With much care, consultation, and study, he has
prepared a medicine, which he now presents to an
intelligent and discerning public, with the utmost
confidence in its virtues and success in the cure of
the diseases for which it is recommended-and
which he is willing to submit to the most scruti-
nizing test of the Medical Faculty, and to rest its
reputation upon their decision.
It contains no ingredients that can impair the
constitution under any circumstances. It will be
found greatly serviceable in Colds, Coughs, and all
diseases of the Lungs and Bronchia, such as
Phthisic, Asthma, Whooping Cough, Croup,
Acute and Chronic inflammations of the Lungs and
By the DYSPEPTIC it has been used with de-
cided advantage, and is serviceable to persons la-
boring under debility of any kind, if used according
to the directions. To the CONSUMPTIVE, it has
invariably afforded almost immediate relief, and in
several instances has wrought a permanent cure.
It is not, however, expected to effect a cure upon
such as are in the last stages of the disease; but
even to such, it will be found to give much relief,
and greatly prolong that remnant of life which has
become so nearly extinguished by the dread de-
The proprietor is now receiving, almost daily,
testimonials of the highest respectability from phy-
sicians, clergymen, and others, who have become
acquainted with its nature and effect, among
which are the following:
"I have examined a recipe for a compound called
the Balm of Life, in the hands of Rev. Isaac Co-
vert, and have to state that I consider it a safe and
useful combination of medicines, calculated to be
very beneficial iu chronic diseases of the lungs and
air passages. AVERY J. SKILTON,
Troy, Jane 27, 1839. Physician and Surgeon.
I fully concur in the above recommendation.
Physician and Surgeon, New York city.
This certifies that having examined the Rev. I.
Covert's Balm of Life in all its component parts,
we do believe it to be one of the best compounds
for coughs, consumption, chronic inflammations,
etc. of which we have any knowledge, and do
most cordially recommend its use to all afflicted
with the above named diseases.
J. W. DANIELS, M. D. g Sain.
W. J. LOvEJoT, M. D. ama.
GOaDON NEEDHAM, M. D. Onondaga.
E. LAWRENCE, M. D. Baldwinsville.
The nature of the composition of the R -v. I.
Covert's Balm of Life, having been fully explained
to the following medical gentlemen, they have con-
sented that they may be referred to as authority for
its utility as an expectorant in those chronic cases
of pulmonary disease, in which that class of reme-
dies is indicated.
D. M. REESE, M. D. Professor of the Theory
and Practice of Medicine in the Albany Medical
J. M'NAnuoior, M. D. Professor of Anatomy
and Physiology in the Fairfield Medical College.
MARK STEPHENSON, M. D. New York city.
Doct. M. McKNsots, New York city.
J. MITCHEL, M. D. Philadelphia.
The following named individuals have also given
their testimony in favor of the medicine; whose cer-
tificates, together with many others, may be seen
by application to any of the agents.
Rev. ISAAC STONE, Lysander, N. Y.
Dr. E. HUMPHoEYS, s-Auburn, N. Y.
Rev. D. MOORE, Aurelius, N. Y.

Rev. H. BANNISTER, Casenovia, N. Y.
WM. MORRIS, M. D. Utica, N. Y.
R. GLOVER, M. D. New York City.
Rev. TIMOTHY STOW, Elbridge, N. Y.
JOHN WILSON, M. D. Albany, N. Y.
J. 0. SHIPMAN, M. D. Fayetteville, N. Y.
S. R. KIRBaT, M. D. New York City.
C. D. TOWNSEND, M. D. Albany, N. Y.
A. STREETER, M.D. Troy, N.Y.
A. H. NEWCoMB, M. D. Salina, N. Y.
For sale by most of the druggists in Washing-
ton; by
J. J. SAYRES, Alexandria.
0. M. LINTHICUM, Georgetown.
J. F. CLARK, Baltimore.
J. C. ALLEN, 180 South Second st. Philadelphia.
B. EMERSON, Norfolk.
And in most of the towns in the United States
where pamphlets, containing particulars and nu
merous testimonials, may be had gratis.
Dec 4-6m
THE GOVERNESS, a new novel, by the
Countess of Bleasington, 2 vols.
Tales by Edgar A. Poe, 2 vols. .
The second part of the Autobiography of Charles
Matthews the Comedian, including his account
of his residence in the United States.
And James's new novel of Henry of Guise,
vols. are this day received for sale by F. TAY-
LOR, or for circulation among the subscribers to
thb Waverly Cireulating Library. Dec 9

STOVE-FPer producing an equal distribu
tion of heat in Rooms, Halls,Academies, Churches,
Steamboats, Railroad Cars, &c. Also, for warm-
ing several apartments by one stove.-Combining
allthe advantages of the Stove and Furnace.
A lot of the above invaluable Stores has been
received, and for sale at Francis Naylor's Tin
and Sheet Iron Factory, Pennsylvania avenue,
,outh side, near Third street, west. Comfort,
economy, and neatness, combined; all who have
an eye to those three essentials, would do well to
call and examine before purchasing other Stoves.
1. Dnrability.-The case can never burn out.
The interior Stove is rendered stronger and more
durable by the patent flange conductors.
2. Comfort.-It distributes a mild, summer-like
temperature equally in every part, so that it is not
uncomfortable near the Stove, from the heat, nor
uncomfortable at a distance, from the cold.
3. Economy.-A considerable amount of fuel is
saved by securing the radiated heat usually lost.
4. Security.-No injury is done to furniture or
goods by radiation.
5. Convenicnce.-Several apartments may be
heated agreeably by one Stove. Though intended
for the Parlor and Hall, it may, if preferred, be
used to heat them from below, in the manner of a
6. Cleanness.-No dust from the coal is thrown
out, nor does the exterior of the Stove lose its color
rom heat.
7. Ease of management.-The management is
simple and similar to that of a common Stove.
8. Ventilation.-I has an arrangement tor ad-
mitting the air to be heated, in any way desired.
From J. B. Burleigh, esq. No. 29, Fayette street,
"Mr. Miller put up his Patent Air-heating Stove
in my office about two months ago. It keeps utip a
lively circulation of heated air, and has decided
advantages over any that I have ever seen in use
in regard to health, comfort, and economy.-March
From Rev. E. Hutchinson, Principal of Alcademy,
Fayette street, Baltimore.
"I have used Mr. Miller's newly invented Air-
heating Stove for several months, and am con-
vinced that it is much superior to every other Stove
that I have seen. It is so constructed that it may
be made to heat several rooms with very little extra
expense. I cordially recommend it to the public."
From Mr. D. Barnum, Proprietor of the City Hotel,
I put up two of Mr. Miller's Air-heating
Stoves in my City Hotel, and have found them
admirably adapted both to large and small rooms,
in preserving an equality of temperature, and in my
opinion more conducive to health and comfort than
the ordinary Stoves. I think them also much more
economical in respect to saving of fuel."
From Messrs. McLauglin and Stannard.
"We have used Mr. Miller's Air-heating Stoves,
and our opinion coincides with that expressed
atLo e by Mr. Barnum.-Baltimore, Feb. 1839.
Extracts from Public Notices.
"The invention of Mr. James Miller of this
city strikes us as being unsurpassed by any of the
modern apparatus for warming apartments. It
diffuses a mild and uniform heat throughout the room,
and is so constructed that two apartment may be
heated with it at about the same expense of fuel as
is required in ordinary Stoves for one."
Baltimore Transcript and Comn. Gazette.
"We attended the examination of an Air-heat-
ing Stove placed in the Reading room of Mr. Bar-
num's City Hotel. It has a decided superiority
over every-other Stove which we have seen.
[February, 1839.-Bait. Republican.
From Rev. A. C. Thomas, Philadelphia.
"I have had opportunities of witnessing the ope-
ratien of Mr. Miller's Air-Heating Stove, and have
no hesitation in recommending it for several desira-
ble qualities: 1st, The inconvenience and discom-
fort of radiation is nearly avoided, thus adapting
the stove to school rooms and meetings for public
worship, and 2d, the fuel consumed is considerably
less than was required to produce an equal degree
of heat, by the Stove removed to make room for
Mr. Miller's improvement.- March, 1839.
Extract from a letter of Rev. S. W. Fuller, Phila-
"DEAR Sin: The model of Air-Heating Stove,
submitted to my examination last winter, led me
to believe that in several essential provisions it
was decidedly superior to any Stove I had ever
seen, and I am happy to add, that my belief in its
superior properties was soon after fully confirmed
by seeing one of the Stoves in operation. Your ef-
forts and success in providing a Stove so well cal-
culated to promote the comfort of your fellow-citi-
zens, deserve, and I doubt not will receive the pa-
tronage of a discerning public."--May, 1839.
From the Proprietors cf t.' Globe.
We are now using Miller's :, in our office,
and consider them superior to any we have ever
For sale at F. NAYLOR'S,
Nov 8-ly Pennsylvania avenue.
hereby given, that the public sale of lands ordered
to take place at Burlington, in the Territory of
Iowa, commencing on Monday, the fourth day of
November next, by proclamation of the President
of the United States, bearing date the second day
of July last, is declared to be postponed until, and
will commence on, Monday, the ninth day of March
Notice is also given that the sale of the follow-
ing described lands, ordered by the same procla-
mation to commence on Monday, the twenty-first
day of October next, is declared to be postponed
until, and will commence on, Monday, the twenty-
third day of March next, viz:
North of the base line and east of the fifth principal
Fractional township seventy-seven, of ranges
one, two, and three.
North of the base line and west o] the fifth principal
The fractional township six, in fractional town-
ship seventy; fractional townships seventy-one, se-
venty-two, seventy-three, and the fractional section
thirty-one, in fractional township seventy-four, of
range one.
Fractional townships sixty-eight, sixty-nine, and
seventy; township seventy-three, and fractional
townships seventy-four, seventy-five, and seven-
ty-six, of range two.
Fractional township s*i .-e':-ht -townships seven-
ty-one, seventy-three, and seventy-four, of range
Fractional township sixty-seven, and townships
sixty-eight, seventy-four, seventy-five, seventy-six,
and seventy-seven, of range four.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington,
this 27th day of September, anno Domini 1839.
By the President:
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Sept 28th-dtf
N EW BOOKS.-James's new novel of Henry
of Guise, of the States of Blois, the author
of the Gentleman of the Old School, the Hugenot,
the Gipsy, Robber, Richelieu, &c.
The Governess, by the Countess of Blessington.
Also, the continuation of the Memoirs of Charles
Matthews, Comedian, including his correspond-
ence, and an account of his residence in the Uni-
ted States. Also, Tales of the Grotesque and
Arabesque, by Edgar A. Poe.

This day published and for sale or circulation
by WM.MORRISON, four doors west of Brown's
Hotel. Dec 9
-Just received, in one octavo volume, con-
taining not only all the Annual Messages, but all
other Messages and Addresses of any importance,
from the first Inaugural Address of Geo. Wash-
ington up to the Message of Martin Van Buren to
the Congress of 1838-9. All paged and indexed
for immediate reference. 1 volume, containing
more than 600 pages octavo, handsomely printed,
with portraits, and full bound in leather; containing
also the United States Constitution and Amend-
ments, and the Declaration of Independence. Price
$2 25. Just received for sale by F. TAYLOR,
bookseller, immediately east of Gadsby's hotel.
NEW BOOKS.-Tales of the Grotesque and
Arabesque, by E. A. Poe, in two vols. 12mo.
The Governess, by the Countess-of Blessington,
in two vols. 12mo.
Continuation of the Memoirs of Charles Ma-
thews, comedian; by Mrs. Mathews; in two vols.
Walks and Wanderings in the World of Litera-
ture, by Grant, author of "The Bench and Bar," in
two vols. 12mo.
Alciphron, a poem, by Thomas Moore, author
of "Lalla Rookh," in pamphlet form.
Just received and for sale at
Pa, avenue, between llth and 12th streets.

PLIDtl Ir UN.TEL, ,T.%TrA T? IA IN T117E9
STAI F r ttJIt t.' iiL t.itRiLit11i. l I\ WEEKS.
Tii rL h r.rt.y given that the public sale
IN A :.tal a >i ..r.l ,.1 by the proclamation of the
Preside ir miiT,- L!,l.l. states, dated 20th Septem-
ber, 1839, t,, be held at the land office at Ch cago,
Illinois, en Monday, the 27th day of January next,
is declared to be deferred until, and will com-
minence on, Monday, the ninth day of March next.
Given under my hand at the ciiy of Washing-
ton, this 30th day of December, anno Do-
mini, 1839. M. VAN BUREN.
By the President:
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Dec 30-law7w
N pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
REN, President of the United States of Ame-
rica, do hereby declare and make known, that pub-
lic sales will be held at the undermentioned land
offices, in the Territory of Wisconsin, at the pe-
riods hereinafter designated, to wit:
At tlie land office at Green Bay, commencing
on Monday, the sixth day of April next, for the
disposal of the public lands lying within the limits
of the undermentioned townships and fractional
townships, to wit:
North of the base line and east of the meridian.
Fractional township twenty, lying north of Lake
and east of Wolf river, of range fourteen.
Fractional township nineteen, lying north of Pox
river and north and east ot Lake Pivawgun, and
township twenty, of range fifteen.
The fractional part of township eighteen, lying
north of Fox river, the fractional township nine-
teen, lying north of the Lake and east of Fox river,
anti township twenty, of range sixteen.
The fractional townships eighteen and nineteen,
situated west of Winnebago Lake, of range
At the land office at Milwaukee, commencing
on Monday, the thirteenth day of April next, for
the disposal of the public lands lying within the
limits of the undermentioned fractional townships,
to wit:
.Vorth of the base line and east of the meridian.
Fractional town hips one, two, three and four,
situated east of Rock river, of range twelve.
Fiactional township four, on the east side of
Rock river, of range thirteen.
Also, for the disposal of the following tracts not
heretofore offered at public sale, viz:
The northeast and southeast quarters of section
twenty-six, in township ten north, of range twenty
one east.
Lands -appropriated by law for the use of schools,
military or other purposes, will be excluded from
The sales will each be kept open for two weeks,
(unless the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no
onger, and no private entries of land in the town-
ships so offered will be admitted until after the ex-
piration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand, at the city of Warhing
ton, this seventh day of December, anno Domini,
1839. M. VAN BUREN.
By the President:
Commissioner of the General Land Office.

Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
to any of the lands designated in the above procla-
mation, is requested to prove thesame to the satis-
faction of the register and receiver of the proper
land office, and make payment therefore as soon as
practicable afterseeing this notice, in order that the
claim may be adjudicated by those officers agreea-
bly to law, in due time prior to the day appointed
for the commencement of the public sale; and all
claims not duly made known and paid for prior to
the date aforesaid, are declared by law to be for-
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Dec 10-wtAprill3
N pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
REN, President of the United States of Ame-
rica, do hereby declare and make known, that a
public sale will be held at the land office at Mil-
waukee, in the Territory of Wisconsin, on Mon-
day, the twentieth day of April next, for the dis-
posal of the public lands hereinafter designated,
being the sections heretofore reserved under the
provisions of the 11th section of the act of Con-
gress, approved on the 18th of June, 1838, entitled
"An act to grant a quantity of land to the Terri-
tory of Wisconsin, for the purpose of aiding in
opening a canal to connect the waters of Lake
Michigan with those of Rock river," as falling
within the probable limits of the canal grant, but
subsequently ascertained to be without its limits,
according to the final location of the route of the
canal, viz:
northh of the base line, and east of the meridian.
Sections two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight,
nine, ten, and eleven, in township six, andi sections
thirty-three and thirty-four, in township seven, of
range seventeen.
Sections one, two, three, four, nine, ten, eleven,
and twelve, in township six, and sections thirty-
five and thirty-six, in township seven, of range
S-ctions six and seven, in township six, and
section thirty-one, in township seven, of range
Sections three, ten, eleven, thirteen, fourteen,
fifteen, twenty-two, twenty-three, and twenty-four,
in township six, of range twc;ity-one.
Sections eighteen and nincluen, in township six,
of range twenty-two.
Also, for the sale of ilic following detached
tracts, which were sold at the public sales in Octo-
ber, 1839, and forfeited to the United States, the
purchasers having failed to make payment for the
same, to wit:
vbrth of the base line, and ceet of the meridian.
The west half of the southwest quarter of section
thirty-three, in township six, of range twenty.
The west half of the southeast quarter of sec-
tion twenty-nine, in township seven, of range
The southeast quarter of section thirty-one, in
township seven, of range twenty-one.
The southeast quarter of section two, the south-
west quarter of section eleven, the east half of the
southwest quarter of section twelve, and the east
half of the northeast quarter of section thirteen, in
township eight, of range twenty-one.
Also, for the sale of the following tracts in one
of the alternate sections reserved to the United
States under the provisions of the act of Congress
aforesaid, to be sold at a sum of not less than two
dollars and fifty cents per acre, and not subject to
entry by pre-emptors, to wit:
Lots five, six, seven, and eight, in section thirty-
two, in township seven north, of range twenty-two
Lands appropriated by law for the use of schools,
military, or other purposes, will be excluded from
The sale will be kept open for two weeks,
(unlessthe lands are sooner disposed of,) and no
longer; and no private entries of land, in the sec-
tions so offered, will be admitted until after the ex-
piration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand, at the City of Washing-
ton, this seventh day of December, anno Domini,
1839. M. VAN BUREN.
By the President:
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Dec 10-lawtA prl 20___ ___

N pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
REN, President of the United States of Ame-
rica, do hereby declare and make known, that
public sales will be held at the undermentioned
land offices, n the State of Arkansas, at the pe.
riods hereinafter designated, to wit:
At the land office at Batesville, commencing on
Monday, the twenty-fourth day of February next,
for the disposal of the public lands within the
limits ef the undermentioned townships and frac-
tional townships, to wit:
.North of the base line and east of the fifth principal
Township seventeen, of range one.
Township nine, of range two.
Townships seventeen and twenty-one, except the
northern tier of sections in, of range
Townships sixteen and seventeen, of range five.
North of the base line, and west of the fifth principal
Township sixteen, of range one.
Township sixteen, of range two.
Fractional township ten, north of the old Chero-
kee boundary line, and fractional township fifteen,
lying west of White river, of range eleven.
Townships fourteen and fifteen, of range sixteen.
Township fourteen, of range seventeen.
At the land office at Fayetteville, commencing
on Monday, the second day of March next, for the
disposal of the public lands within the limits of the
undermentioned townships and fractional town-
ships, viz:

North of the no e and tost of the fJfth principal
Fractional township twenty-one, lying south of
White river, of range eighteen.
Township seventeen, of range twenty.
Townships eighteen and nineteen, of range
Townships seventeen and eighteen,'of range
Townships sixteen and seventeen, of range
Township eighteen, of range thirty.
Townships twelve, thirteen and eighteen, of
range thirty-two.
Fractional township thirteen, and townships
eighteen and nineteen, of range thirty-three.
At the land office at Washington, commencing
on Monday, the twenty-fourth day of February
next, for the disposal of the public lands within the
limits of the undermentioned townships and frac.
tional townships, to wit:
South of the base line and west of the fiflh principal
Township eight, of range twsnty-five.
Township eight, of range twenty-six.
Township eight, and fractional township four-
teen, on thenorth side of Red river, of range twen-
Township eleven, of range thirty.
Townships ten and thirteen, of range thirty-one.
Township twelve, of range thirty-two.
At the land office at Johnson Court-house, com-
mencing on Monday, the ninth day of March next,
for the disposal of the public lands within the limits
of the undermentioned townships and fractional
townships, to wit:
North of the base line, and west of the fifth principal
Township six, of range twenty-two.
Fractional township nine, north of Arkansas
river, of sange thirty-two.
Township ten, of range twenty-three.
Township ten, of range twenty-five.
Township eleven, of range thirty-two.
At the land office at Little Rock, commencing on
Monday, the sixteenth day of March next, for the
disposal of the public lands within the limits of the
following townships, to wit:
A north of the base line and west of the fifth principal
Township six, of range fifteen.
South of the base line, and west ofthe fifth principal
Township fifteen, of range eight.
Township three, of range seventeen.
At the land office at Helena, commencing on
Monday, the twenty-third day of March next, for
the disposal of the public lands within the limits of
the following township and fractional township,
to wit:
South of the base line, and west ofthe fifth principal
Township ten, except sections one, five, six,
seven, eight, twelve, thirteen, seventeen, twenty-
four, twenty-five, and thirty-six, of range one,
The fraction of township sixteen, lying east of
Old River lake, of range two.
Laads appropriated by law for the use of schools,
military or other purposes, will be excluded from
The sales will each be kept open for two
weeks, (unless the lands are sooner disposed of,)
and no longer; and no private entries of lands in the
townships so offered, will be admitted until after
the expiration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washing-
ton, this sixteenth day of November, anno Domini
By the President:
Commissioner of he General Land Office.
Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
to any of the lands designated in the above procla-
mation, is requested to prove the same to the satis-
faction of the Register and Receiver of the proper
land office, and make payment therefore as soon as
practicable after seeing this notice, in order that the
claim may be a.ljudicated by those officers agreea-
bly to law, in due time, prior to the day appointed
for the commencement of the public sale; and all
claims not duly made known and paid for prior to
the date aforesaid, are declared by law to be for-
feited. JAS. WHITCOMB,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Nov. 18-lawt23March
N pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
REN, President of the United States of Ame-
rica, do hereby declare and make known that a
public sale will be held at the land office at
Springfield, in the State of Missouri, commencing
on Monday, the second day of March next, for the
disposal of the public lands within the limits of the
undermentioned townships, to wit:
North of the base line, and west of the fifth principal
Township thirty-six, of range eleven.
Township thirty-five, of range twelve.
Township thirty-nine of range fourteen.
Township thirty-eight, of range fifteen.
Township thirty-seven, of range sixteen.
Township thirty-nine, of range seventeen.
Township thirty-nine, of range eighteen.
Township thirty-six, of range nineteen.
Township twenty-seven, of range twenty.
Township twenty-eight, of range twenty-one.
Township thirty, of range twenty-six.
Township thirty-four, of range twenty-seven.
Township thirty-six, of range twenty-eight.
Township thirty-five, of range twenty-nine.
Township twenty-nine, of range thirty.
Lands appropriated by law for the use of schools,
military or other purposes, will be excluded from
The sale will be kept open for two weeks,
(unless the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no
longer; and no private entries of land in the town-
ships so offered will be admitted, until after the
expiration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand at the city of Washington
this sixteenth day of November, anno Domini, 1839.
By the President,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.

Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
to any af the lands designated in the above pro-
clamation is requested to prove the same to the
satisfaction of the register and receiver of the
land office, and make payment therefore, as son as
practicable after seeing this notice, in order that the
claim may be adjudicated by those officers agree-
ably to law, in due time, prior to the day appointed
for the commencement of the public sale; and all
claims not duly made known and paid for prior to
the date aforesaid are declared by law to be for-
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Nov. 18-lawt2March
IN pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
REN, President of the United States of Ame-
rica, do hereby declare and make known, that a
public sale will be held at the land office at Du-
buque, in the Territory of Iowa, commencing on
Monday, the fourth day of May next, for the dis-
posal of the public lands within the limits of the
undermentioned townships, to wit.
WNorth of the base line, and east of the fifth principal

Townships seventy-eight, seventy-nine, eighty,
eighty-one, and eighty-seven, of range one.
Townships seventy-eight, seventy-nine, eighty,
eighty-six, and eighty-seven, of range two.
Townships seventy-eight, seventy.nine, and
eighty, of range three.
Fractional township seventy-eight, townships
seventy-nine, eighty, eighty-one, eighty-two, eigh-
three, and eighty-five, of range four.
Fractional townships seventy-eight, seventy-nine,
and eighty, townships eighty-one and eighty-two,
and fractional township eighty-six, of range five.
Township eighty-two, and fractional township
eighty-five, of range six.
Fractional townships eighty-two, eighty-three,
eighty-four, and eighty.five, of range seven.
At the same place, in continuation, commencing
on Monday, the eighteenth day of May next, for
the disposal of the public lands within the limits of
the undermentioned townships, to wit:
North of the base line, and west of the fifth principal
Townships eighty, eighty-one, eighty-eight, and
eighty-nine, of range one.
Townships eighty, eighty-one, eighty-two, eighty-
eight, eighty-nine, and ninety, of range two.
Townships seventy-eight, seventy-nine, eighty,
eighty-one, eighty-two, eighty-three, eighty-eight,
and ninety-one, of range three.
Townships eighty, eighty-one, eighty-two, eigh-
ty-three, eighty-eight, ninety-one, and ninety-two,
of range four.
Townships seventy-nine, eighty.four, eighty-

five, ninety-one, and imnety-two, of ranee Ave.
Township seventy-nine, except sections two,
three, four, nine, ten, eleven, fourteen, and fifteen,
and township ninety, of range six.
Lands appropriated by law for the use of schools,
military er other purposes, will be excluded from
The sales will each be kept open for two weeks,
(unless the lands are sooner disposed of,) and no
longer, and no private entries of land, in the town-
ships s) offered, will be admitted until after the
expiration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washing-
ton, this twenty-second day of January, anno
Domini, 1840.
By the President:
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
to any of the lands designated in the above procla-
mation, is requested to prove the same to the sa-
tisfaction of the Register and Receiver of the Land
Office, and make payment therefore, as soon as prac-
ticable after sating this notice, in order that the claim
may be adjudicated by those officers agreeably to
law, in due time, prior to the day appointed for the
commencement of the public sale; and all claims
not duly made known and paid for prier to the
dates aforesaid, are declared by law to be forfeited.
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Jan 23-wis
N pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
REN, President of the United States of Ameri-
ca, do hereby declare and make known that
public sales will be held at the undermentioned
land offices, in the State of Illinois, at the periods
hereinafter designated, to wit:
At the land office at Chicago, commencing on
Monday, the fourth day of May next, for the dis-
posal of the public lands within the limits of the
undermentioned townships and fractional town-
ships, viz:
jXorth ofthe base line and east of the third principal
Townships forty-four and forty-six, of range
The fractional part of township thirty-two, ly-
ing north of the old Indian boundary and east of
Kankakee river, and townships forty-two and
forty-six, of range nine.
Township thirty-four, of range thirteen.
The fractional township thirty-five, bordering on
the Indiana Slate line, of range fifteen.
Also, at the same time and place, for the sale of
the following detached tracts, viz:
Northwest quarter of section eighteen, northeast
quarter of section twenty-three, east halt of south-
east quarter of section twenty-six, east half of
northeast quarter of section twenty-seven, and
northeast quarter of section thirty-four, in town-
ship thirty-six, of range eleven.
Southwest quarter of section thirty-four, in
township thirty-seven, of range fourteen.
At the land office at Danville, commencing on
Monday, the eleventh day of May next, for the
disposal of the public lands within the limits of the
undermentioned townships, to wit:
.North of the base line and east of the third principal
Townships twenty-six, twenty-seven, and twenty-
eight, except the western tier, or sections six, se-
ven, eighteen, nineteen, thirty, and thirty-one, in
each township, of range seven.
At the land office at Galena, commencing on
Monday, the eighteenth day of May next, for the
disposal of the public lands within the limits of the
townships and fractional townships hereinafter de-
signated, viz:
North of the base line and east of the fourth principal
Fractional township twenty-three, except the
north halves of sections one and two, of range
Fractional township twenty-three, except the
north halves of sections one to six, both inclusive,
of ranee four.
Township twenty-one, except the north frac-
tional half of section five, the south half of section
twenty-nine, and the north half of section thirty-
two, of range nine.
Lands appropriated by law for the use of schools,
military, or other purposes, will be excluded from
The sales will each be kept open for two weeks,
(unless the lands are sooner disposed of,) and
no longer; and no private entries of land in the
townships so offered will be admitted until after the
expiration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washing-
ton, this twenty-second day of January, anno
Domini, 1840. M. VAN BUREN.
By the President:
Commissioner of the General Land Office.

Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
to any of the lands designated in the above trocla-
ilanon, is requested, to prove nme same 1t rrv atis-
faction of the Register and Receiver of the proper
land office, and make payment therefore as soon as
practicable after seeing this notice, in o der that the
claim may be adjudicated by those officers agreea-
bly to law, in due time, prior to the day appointed
Sfor the commencement ot the public sale; and all
claims not duly made known and paid for prior to
the date aforesaid, are declared by law to be for-
feited. JAS. WHITCOMB,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Jan 21-lawtMI8
AMERICA-second series-complete in one
volume, is this day received for sale by F. TAY-
LOR, price 50 cents, or for circulation among the
subscribers to the Waverley Circulating Library.
Jan 17
IFE OF JEFFERSON-one volume, of267
pages, full bound, with Portrait; price 6-2
cents. F. TAYLOR.
Jan 17
I N the midst of a general and, in many instances
not unfounded prejudice against many of the
medical remedies of the day, Dr. XV. EVANS'S
PILLS have the enviable distinction of a univer-
sal approbation. They are perhaps the only medi-
cine publicly advertised that has the full and
unreserved testimony of medical men in its favor.
if not the only one which gives full satisfaction to
its purchasers. DR. W. EVANS has the satis-
faction of knowing that his
aTe not only regularly recommended and prescribed
by the mostexperienced physicians in their daily
practice, but also taken by those gentlemen them-
selves, whenever they feel the symptoms of those
diseases in which they well know them to be effi-
cacious. He knows this to be generally the case
in New York, Philadelphia, Albany, Boston, and
other large cities, in which they have an extensive
sale. That they should thus conquer professional
prejudice and interested opposition, and secure
the agency of the most eminent and best informed
physicians in the country to render them useful to
all classes, cats only be fairly ascribed to their
undeniable and pre-eminent virtues.

Letter from the Hon. Abraham M'Clellan, Sullivan
county, East Tennessee, Member of Congress.
Washington, July 3d, 1838.
Sir-Since I have been in this city, I have used
some of your Dyspeptic medicine with infinite bene-
fit and satisfaction, and believe it to be a most
valuable remedy. One of my constituents, Dr. A.
Carden, of Campbell county, Tennessee, wrote me
to send him some, which I did, and he has em-
ployed it very successfully in his practice, and says
it is invaluable. Mr. Johnson, your agent at this
place, thinks you would probably like an agent in
Tennessee. If so, I would recommend Dr. A.
Carden as a proper person to officiate for the sale
of your celebrated medicine. Should you commis-
sion him, he is willing to act for you. You can
send the medicine by water to the care of Robert
King 4r Sons, Knoxville county; Tennessee, or by
land to Graham & Houston, Tazewell, East Tenn.
I have no doubt but if you had agents in several
counties in East Tennessee, a great deal of your
medicine would be sold. I am going to take some
of it home with me for my own use, and that of
my friends, and should like to hear from you
whether you would like an agent at Bluntville,
Sullivan county, East Tenn., I can get some of the
merchants to act for you, as I live near there.
Yours respeefully,
ABRAHAM M'CLELLAN, of Tennessee.
To Dr. Win. Evans, 100 Chatham st. N. York.
The following certificate was handed to us by
Ml. Van Schaick, of Albany, a highly respectable

member oft the community, aad wht veraeity
cannot be doubted:
Mr. Septemius Kendall, of the town of We&-
terloo, county of Albany, was for about 27 years
troubled with a nervous and bilious affection,
which for 7 years rendered him unable to attend to
his business, and during the last 3 years of his ill-
ress was confined to the house. His symptoms
were dizziness, pains in the head and side, palpita-
tion of the heart, want of appetite, 4ec. After
expending during his confinement, nearly three
hundred dollars without obtaining any permanent
relief, he by accident noticed an advertisement of
Dr. Win. Evans's Camomile and Aperient Pills,
ad was consequently induced to make a trial of
them. After using them about a fortnight, he was
able to walk cut; ia four months he could attend to
business, and considered his disease entirely re-
moved. The above information was given to the
subscriber by Mr. Kendall himself; there can
therefore, be no deception.
0:, Entered according to the act of Congress "
Be sure that the label on the box expresses such.
The genuine is vended by Agents only.
Sold at 100 Chatham street, New Yoik.
C. CnRUIKSANK, Georgetown,
Lzwis JoHNsoN, Washington.

It is stated by eminent medical writers that at
east one-third of the Children in the United States
die from teething, and diseases caused thereby.-
Read the following :
Dr W. Evans's celebrated Soothing Syrup, fir
Children cutting their teeth.
This infallible remedy has preserved hundreds
of children when thought past recovery, from con-
vulsions. As soon as the syrup is rubbed on the
gums, the child will recover. This preparation is
so innocent, so efficacious, and so pleasant, that
no child will refuse to let its gums be rubbed with
it. When infants are at the age of four months,
though there is no appearance of teeth, one bottle
of Syrup should be used on the gums to open the
pores. Parents never should be without the Syrup
in the nursery where there are young children;
for if a child wakes in the night with a pain in the
gums, the syrup immediately gives ease by open-
ing the pores and healing the gums, thereby pre-
venting Convulsions, Fevers, &c.
The passage of the teeth through the gums
produces troublesome and dangerous symptoms.
It is known by mothers that there is great
irritation in the mouth and gums during this
process. The gums swell, the secretion and saliva
is increased, the child is seized with frequent and
sudden fits of crying, watching, starting in the
sleep, and spasms of peculiar parts; the child
shrieks with extreme violence, and thrusts its fin-
gers into its mouth. If these precursory symptoms
are not speedily alleviated, spasmodic convulsions
universally supervene, and soon cause the dissolu-
tion of the infant. Mothers who have their little
babes afflicted with these distressing symptouxl
should apply Dr. William Evans's celtb-ed
Soothing Syrup, which has preserved hunveds of
infants when thought past recovery, fr"n being
suddenly attacked with that fatal rnal-Y, convul-
To the agent of Dr. Evans's SoOaing Syrup: Sitrs
The great benefit afforded to ay suffering infant
by your Soothing Syrup, in case of protracted
and painful dentition, must convince every feeling
parent how essential an ewly application of such
an invaluable medicine ito relieve infant misery
and torture. My infant, while teething, expe-
rienced such acnte snterings, that it was attacked
with convulsions, atd my wife and family supposed
that death would saon release the babe from an-
guish, till we procured a bottle of your Syrup;
which, as so.-n as applied to the gums, a wonderful
change was produced, and after a few applications,
the child displayed obvious relief; and by continu-
ing in its use, I al glad to inform you the child has
completely revered, and no recurrence of that
awful complaint has since occurred. The teeth are
'emanatirg daily, and the child enjoys perfect
health. I give you my cheerful permission to
,wae this acknowledgment public, and will gladly
give any information on this circumstance.
A gentleman who has made trial of Dr. Evans's
Soothing Syrup, in his family, (in case of a teeth-
ing child,) wishes us to state that he found it en-
tirely effectual in relieving pain in the gums, and
preventing the consequences which sometimes fol
low. We cheerfully comply with his request.
[JNew York Sun.
We believe it is generally acknowledged by
those who have tried it, that the Soothing Syrup
for Children Cutting Teeth, advertised in another
column, is a highly useful article for the purposes
for which it is intended. Highly respectable per-
sons, at any rate, who have made use of it, do not
hesitate to give its virtues the sanction of their
names.-Boston Traveller.
Observe that the label on each Bottle, Box and
Package, has the following notice, viz:
"Entered according to act of Congress, in the
year 1839, by William Evans, in the Clerk's
Office of the Southern District Court of New-York.
C. CnIKSnHANK, Georgetown, D. C.
LEWIS JOHNsoN, Washington, D. C.

Dr. Evans's Soothing and Aperient Pills;
Dr. Evans's Soothing Syrup, for Teething;
Dr. Evans's Fever and Ague Pills;
Together with
Dr. Hunt's Botamic Pills, and
Dr. Goode's Female Pills;
The above invaluable Medicines are sold
wholesale and retail, at
100 Chatham Street New York;
3 South Seventh Street, Philadelphia;
47 Wall Street, Louisville, Kentucky;
36 Cornhill Boston, Mass;
And of the following Agents.
C. HALL, Norfolk.
E. E. PORTLOCE, Portsmouth.
JOSEPH GILL, Richmond.
MORTIMER and MowBaAv, Baltimore.
JOHN N. BELL, Winchester, Va.
WILLIAM DOsSEv, Martinsburg, Va.
EnwAno MCDOWELL, Fredericksburg, Va,
E. BERKEt.ET and Co. Harrington, Va.
J. HAaniSTv, Harrsonburg, Va.
JAMES BROWN, Charlestown, Va.
C. anti E. DUNKUM, Lexington, Va.
BARNETT and MCINTIBE, Charlottesville, Va.
LYMAN, Lynchburg, Va.
Nov. 14-5m
PILLS.-The testimony of hundreds of
Physicians and distinguished individuals, to the
curative effects of these Pills, in every variety of
clime in the United States, Texas, and the Cana-
das; establishes them as the most pleasant and
efficient medicine ever discovered.
In addition to their being the most agreeable and
efficient cathartic that can be used, in Dyspepsia,
Constipation, Rheumatism, Headache, Worms,
Inflammation of the Bowels, Liver affections,
Bilious Stomach; Colds; and the commencement of
Fevers; Sea sickness, &c. their operation is power-
fully directed to the glandular system, removing all
obstructions of the glands wherever situated;
Scpirosities and Scrofulous taints, in their incipient
forms; and if persevered in, affording all reasona-
ble relief in cases of confirmed and neglected

Taken either a short time before or after expo-
sure, they render the system less liable to contract
contagious or epidemic diseases, and should be re-
sorted to by persons residing in low and marshy
situations, or when travelling, or exposed to conta
gioa. Also persons attending the sick, who by
long watching and fatigue, or exposure to the
effluvia of the sick room, become debilitated, and
lose their appetite, will find great assistance from
these Pills, in renovating and purifying the system,
and restoring the functions to a healthy state.
Persons debilitated by intense and long application
to business or study, and those also of sedentary
habits, will derive great benefit from an occasional
use of them.
For that congested and deranged state of the
system, which occurs in the autumn and commence-
ment of winter, these Pills are particularly appli-
cable, in preventing rheumatism, coughs ,congestion
of the lungs, &c. and have prolonged many a life,
which otherwise would have been a sacrifice to the
changes of seasons.
Be particular to inquire for Phelps, and see that
the proprietor's signature is on the label, but no
portrait on the box Price 37M cents.
Proprietor, Hartford, Connecticut.
For sale by most of the Druggists in the District
of Columbia; also, in most of the townsin the
United States; where circulars containing particu-
lars, and numerous testimonials of the highest
pectabihty may be seen.
Dec 4-d6m