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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073656/00003
 Material Information
Title: The globe
Uniform Title: Globe (Washington, D.C. Daily)
Physical Description: v. : ; 56-60 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: F.P. Blair
Place of Publication: City of Washington D.C
Creation Date: December 6, 1839
Publication Date: 1831-1843
Frequency: daily (except sunday)
daily
normalized irregular
Edition: Daily ed.
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates: 38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Available on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (June 13, 1831)-v. 13, no. 170 (Dec. 30, 1843).
General Note: Publisher: Blair & Rives, <oct. 10, 1835>-
General Note: "The world is governed too much."
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 08786354
lccn - sn 82014043
System ID: UF00073656:00003
 Related Items
Related Items: Globe (Washington, D.C. : Semiweekly)
Related Items: Globe (Washington, D.C. : Weekly)
Related Items: Extra globe (Washington, D.C. : 1832)
Related Items: Extra globe (Washington, D.C. : 1834)
Related Items: Weekly globe (Washington, D.C. : 1841)
Succeeded by: Daily globe (Washington, D.C. : 1844)

Full Text
A.'


EDITED BY FRANCIS P. BLAIR.

FRANCIS P. BLAIR & JOHN C. RIVE3,
PROPRIETORS AND PUBLISHERS.
TERMS.
Daily paper, by the year 10 00
for less thian'a year, $1 per month.
Semi-weekly paper, by the year 5 00
for less than a year, 59 cents per month.
Congressional Globe during the session of Congress 1 1 00
Appendix to ditto, 1 (00)
Subscriptions to the Daily for less than two, or to the Semi-
weekly for less than four months, will not bereceive,.
Subscribers may discontinue heir papers at any time by pay-
ing for the time they have received them; but not without.
I I.ose who subscribe for a year, and do not, at the time o0
sibscribing order a discontinuance at the end of it, will be
c nsidered subscribers until they order the paper to be stopped,
and pay arrearages.
PRZIC c FR ADVERTISING.
Twelve lines, or less, three insertions, ti 00
SEvery additional insertion, 0 25
Longer advertisements charged in proportion.
A liberal discount made to those who advertise by the year.
All payments to be made in advance. Thosewho have not
ar. opportunity of paying otherwise, may remit by mail, at our
risk, postage paid, The Pestmastei's certificate of such re-
mittance shall be a sufficient receipt therel;. The notes of any
specie-paying bank will be received.
No attention will be given I cany order, unless the money,
or a Postmaster's certificate that it has been remitted, ac-
companies, it.
D:3- Letters to the Proprietors, charged withpostage, will
not be taken out of the Post Office.

FOR CHARLESTON AND SAVANNAH,
BY THE
ATLANTIC STEAM PACKETS.



SOUTH CAROLINA, CAPT. COFFEE.
T HIS well known sea steam packet South Ca-
rolina, Capt. CoiTffee, being the only steam
packet on this line, will continue her trips asfollosw:
Leaving Norfolk for Charleston and Savannah,
On Saturday, November 2
Do. do; 16
Do. do. 30
Leaving Savannah in time to start from Charles-
ton to Norfolk,
On Saturday, October 26
Do. November 9
Do. do. 23
And so on alternately, from Norfolk and Charles-
ton, every other Saturday. until further notice
Tickets to be had of the subscriber, lower end of
Bowly's wharf.
T. SHEPPARD, Treasurer.
Baltimore, Oct. 23, 1839.-Nov 11-d3w



WASHINGTON BRANCH RAILROAD.
The Passenger trains on this road will
daily start as follows, viz:
FRoM WASHIN(rTON FOR BALTIMORE,
At 6 o'clock, a q. ind at 34 o'clock, p. m.
FROM BALTI1VOR I FOR WASHINGTON,
At 9 o'clock, a. m. and at 4 o'clock, p. m.
Passengers by the morning train, if proceeding
westwaidly, can connect with the Western train on
the Baltimore and Ohio rail road at the Relay house,
reach Frederick in time for the Western stages
that leave there at 12 o'clock, noon, or Harper's
Ferry, in time for the evening train to Winchester,
wnile passengers travelling eastwardly are con-
veyed through to Philadelphia without unnecessary
detention at Baltimore, reaching Philadelphia in
time for the evening line to New York; and thus
accomplishing the journey from Washington to
New York in one day.
Under no circumstances whatever can the train
be delayed beyond the hour fixed for starting. It
is, therefore respectfully suggested that passengers
procure their tickets the previous evening; to ena-
ble them to do which, the office will be kept open
till half past seven o'clock, p. m. By order.
May 3 SAMUEL STETTINIUS, Agent.


J=


WASHINGTON BRANCH RAILROAD
TRANSPORTATION DEPOT,
December 13, 1837.
T is respectfully made known that merchandise
or other commodities received at this Depot,
for delivery in this city, or to be forwarded to Bal-
timore, or to points on the line of the road, will
he-eafter be subject to the following regulations, of
wnich those interested will please take notice :
Jst, The freight and charges on all goods con-
signed to individuals in this city or its vicinity
must be paid before their removal from the Depot
2d, Commodities offered for transportation mu-I
be distinctly marked, and be accompanied by a
list, in duplicate, of the number and description oi
packages to be forwarded, the name of the con-
signee, and of the party forwarding the same,
otherwise they cannot be received.
The Company will not be responsible for damage
arising from leakage or breakage, nor will they be
responsible for damage alleged to have been re-
cmived by any good* or commodities ansported by
them, unless the claim shall be made before the
rem, val of the goods from the Depot. Further,
if goods which shall have been transported on this
road be not received or taken away by their con-
signers or owners, on the day of their arrival at the
EAe pot, the Company will not be responsib'a for
or pay any claims for loss or damage which may
be sustained by such goods; in other words, if
goods, as above described, be permitted to remain
ia or on the cars on the railway, or at the Depot,
one or more nights after their arrival, they will
remain so at the exclusive risk of the owners or
consigners.
The hours for receiving and delivering goods
will, until further notice, he from 9 a. mu. until
4 p. m. By order,
Dece 13 SAM. STETTINIUS, Agent.

g FOR NORFOLK.-The
SSteamer COLUMBIA will
leave Washington, for Nor-
F-folk, on Frtday mornings at
10 o'clock, and arrive in Portsmouth in time for
the cars going South. Returning, she will leave
Noifolk on Monday at 4 o'clock in the evening.
passage and fare, $6.
All goods destined or Petersburg or Richmond
must be paid by the shipper all the way through, as
the James river boats will not receive them unless
the freight is paid.
March 9-dtf JAS. MITCHELL, Master.
NOTICE.-The steamboat
line between Baltimore and
Philadelphia, via the New-
castle and French Town
Railroad, will be discontinued until the ensuing
spring, after Saturday next, the 2J day of Novem.
ber. By order, T. S-1Ei[PARD,
Nov ll-d3w Agent.

u penidid 4;arriage .
1g- PHIL-DELPHIA. C .AdCHi
.M J1L9UF, C UTORY, .V*e?. 2888 ad
'> 9D, RN e si.-L. KNO Wl ES,
A.~'IKNOWLES, begs leave very respectfully
to return his grateful thanks to the citizens of p[ila-
delphia, and to his friends throughout the Union,
for the large and increasing patronage he has re-
_.,,,x- e6noe ho rommnced'opl I, in.s.-< oan(di irfft:rns


f-


BY BLAIR & RIVES. THE WORLD IS GOVERNED TOO MUCH." VOL. IX.....No. 150.

CITY OF WASHINGTON. --'D.f--. FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 6, 1839.
,_,__ _... ....... .....__ _,_ _,_,,_,_=,__ _ _I_ _I_ _11__ _'_IIIIIIII i I


PATENT OFFICE, October 15, 1839.
0 N the petition of Eliphalet Nott, of Schenec-
tady, New York, praying for an extension of
the patent granted to said Nott for an improve-
ment in the rotary grate and floor for burning an-
thracite coal, for seven years from the expiration of
said patent, which takes place on the 23d of March,
1840.
It is ordered, that said petition be heard at the
Patent Office, on the second Monday in December
next; at 12 o'clock m.; and all persons are noti-
fied to appear and show cause, if any they have,
why said petition ought not to be granted.
Ordered, also, that this notice be published in
the Globe, printed at Washington City; the Even-
ing Post, published in New York city; and the
Statesman, printed at Boston, Mass. once a week
for four weeks previous to said second day of De-
cember, 1839.
HENRY L. ELLSWORTH,
Commissioner of Patents.
N. B. The above mentioned papers will publish
the foregoing notice and send their account to the
Patent Office.
Nov. 5-law4w
CHARLES COUNTY ORPHAN'S COURT,
October lerm, 1839.
U TPON application, it is ordered by the court,
I that a citation or summons issue, returnable
to the first Tuesday in January next, 1840, for the
heirs and legal representatives of Susanna Reeder,
deceased, to be and appear before this court, to
show cause, if any, why a certain paper, purport-
ing to be a non-cupative will of said deceased,
shall not be admitted to probate and record; and
that an adverti-ement be inserted in the Globe
newspaper, once a week for three successive weeks
prior to the first Tuesday in January aforesaid,
notifying the heirs of said deceased residing out of
the county, to be and appear on the day aforesaid,
to show cause, if any, why said will shall not be
admitted to probate and record.
Test: AQ UILLA BATEMAN,
Nov 28-la3w Reg. of Wills.


ILLER'S PATENT AIR-HEATING
STOVE-For producing an equal distribu
tion of heat in Rooms, Halls,Academies, Churches,
Steamboats, Railroad Cars, &c. Also, for warm-
ing several apartments by one stove.-Combining
all the advantages of the Stove and Furnace.
A lot of the above invaluable Stoves has been
received, and for sale at Francis Naylor's Tin
and Sheet Iron Factory, Pennsylvania avenue,
south side, near Third street, west. Comfort,
economy, and neatness, combined; all who have
an eye to those three essentials, would do well to
call and examine before purchasing other Stoves.
ADVANTAGES.
1. Durability.-The case can never burn out.
The interior Stove is rendered stronger and more
durable by the patent flange conductors.
2. Comfort.-It distributes a mild, summer-like
temperature equally in every part, so that it is not
uncomfortable near the Stove, from the heat, nor
uncomfortable at a distance, from the cold.
3. Economy.-A considerable amount of fuel is
saved by securing the radiated heat usually lost.
4. Securily.-No injury is done to furniture or
goods by radiation.
5. Convenicnce.-Several apartments may be
heated agreeably by one Stove. Though intended
for the Parlor and Hall, it may, if preferred, be
used to heat them from below, in the manner of a
furnace.
6. Cleanness.-No dust from the coal is thrown
out, nor does the exterior of the Stove lose its color
rom heat.
7. Ease of management.-The management is
simple and similar to that of a common Stove.
8. Ventilation.-I has an arrangement for ad-
mitting the air to be heated, in any way desired.
TESTIMONIALS.
From J. B. Burleigh, esq. No. 29, Fayette street,
Baltimore.
"Mr. Miller put up his Patent Air-heating Stove
in my office about two months ago. It keeps up a
lively circulation of heated air, and has decided
advantages over any that I have ever seen in use
in rf gard to health, comnjort, and economy.-March
1 n090fl


0O CLAIMANTS.-FRANCIS A. DICKENS 16t9.'
continues to undertake the agency of claims From Rev. E. IHutchinson, Principal of Academy,
before Congress, and other branches of the Go Fayette street, Baltimore.
vernment, including commissioners under treaties, I have used Mr. Miller's newly invented Air.
and the various public offices. He will attend to heating Stove for several months, and am con-
pre-emption and other land claims, the procuring vinced that it is much superior to every other Stove
of patents for public lands, and the confirmation that I have seen. It is so constructed that it may
by Congress of grants and claims to lands; claims be made to heat several rooms with very little extra
for horses and other property lost in, or taken for, expense. I cordially recommend it to the public."
the service of the United States; property destroyed From Mr. D. Barnum, Proprietor of the City Hotel,
by the Indians, or while in the possession of the Baltimore.
United States; invalid, revolutionary, navy, wi- I put up two of Mr. Miller's Air-heating
dows' and half-pay pensions; claims for Revolu- Stoves in my City Hotel, and have found them
tionary services, whether for commutation, half- admirably adapted both to large and small rooms,
pay, or bounty ,ands-as well those against the in preserving an equallity of temperature, and in my
State of Virginia as the United States; all claims opinion more conducive to health and comfort than
growing out of -ontracts with the Government, or the ornery Stoves. I think them also much more
econoIca in respect to saving of fu~el."
damages sustained in consequence of the action or economic pect to saving of fuel."
conduct of the Government; and indeed any busi- F rom ,Messrs.McLauglin and Slannard.
ness before Congress or the public offices, which "We have used Mr. Miller's Air-heating S!oves,
may require the aid of an agent or attorney. His and our opinion coincides with that expressed
charges will be moderate, and depending upon the ahox e by Mr. Bacnum.-Baltimore, Fib. 1839.
amount of the claim and the extent of the service. Extracts from Public Notices.
He is also Agent for the American Life Insu- The invention of Mr. James Miller of this
ranee and Trust Company, which has a capital of city strikes us as being unsurpassed by any of the
two millions of dollars paid in; and for the Balti modern apparatus for warming apartments. It
two millions of dollars Compaid in; and for the Balti-y diffuses a mild and uniform heat throughout the room,
more Fi re Insuranee Company.anisscosrce thtwoprmnt ayb
Mr. F. A. Dickins is known to most of those and is so constructed that two apartment maybe
who have been in Congress within the last few heated with it at about the same expense of fuel as
who ave een n Cnrs ihntels is required in ordinary Stoves for one."
years, or who have occupied any public station at is required in ordinary Stoves for one."
Washington. Baltimore Tra'script and Con. Gazette.
His office is on Pennsylvania avenue, second We attended the examination of an Air-heat-
door from 15th street. ing Stove placed in the Reading room of Mr. Bar-
Al letters ,inut be post paid. July 18-dly num's City I-otel. It has a decided superiority
over every other Stove which we have seen.
AKEWELL'S GEOLOGY, intended to con- [February, 1839.-Bait. Republican.
vey a practical know ledge of the science, From Rev. .1. C. Thomas, Philadelphia.
and comprising the most important recent discove- "I have had opportunities of witnessing the ope-
ries, with explanations of the facts and phenomena ratien of Mr. Miller's Air-Heating Stove, and have
which serve to confirm or invalidate various geo!o- no hesitation in recommending it for several desira-
gical theories, third American edition from the fifth ble qualities: 1st, The inconvenience and discom-
London edition, edited, with an appendix, by Pro- ort of radiation is nearly avoided, thus adapting
fessor Silliman, Yale College. he stove to school rooms and meetings for public
This day received, and for sale at W. M. MOR- worship, and 2d, the fuel consumed is considerably
RISON'S Book and Stationery Store, four doors less than was required to produce an equal degree
west of Brown's hotel. Nov 22 of heat, by the Stove removed to make room for
F C. LABBE'S DANCING ACADEMY.- Mr. Miller's improvement.-M-areh, 1839.
SF. C. LABBE respectfully announces to hisMY.- Extract from a letter of Rev. S. WI. Fulkr, Phila-
M F. C. LA BBE respectfully announce's to his de- ,d.
friends and patrons that his fir.t course in dancing "DEAR S modellh of Air-Heating Stovea.
will commence on the 3,1 Tuesday (15th day) of submitted to my examination last winter, led me
October, at his dwelling, being one of the buildingstmyha insera wntrld
on Pennsylvania avenue, nearly opposite Fuller's to believe that in several essential provisions it
on Pennsylvania avenue, nearly opposite Fuller' was decidedly superior to any Stove I had ever
Hotel, ad formerly occupied as the TreasuryDe- seen, and I am happy to add, that my belief in its
Days of tuitio for young ladies, Tuesday, superior properties was soon after fully confirmed
Thursday, as of tuition for young ladies, Tuesday,m 3 to 6 p.m. For by seeing one of the Stoves in operation. Your ef-
fThursday, and Saturday, from 3 to 6 p. m F orts and success in providing a Stove so well cal-
young maters, from 6 to 8 p. m. For gentlemen, culated to promote the comfort ot your fellow-citi-
from 8 to 10p. m zeus, deserve, and I doubt not will receive the pa-
P. S. F. C. L. will also give private lesson at zu dee, ad i dubtn otlic.l-t i h, 1839.
his rooms in dancing and waltzing, from 11 a. m. r g o ierpic ay,13.
to 2 p, m. on the above days. Cotillion party Fro ihte Proprietors of the Globe.
every Saturday. Oct 1G-eodtf We are now using Miller's Stoves in our office,
PROPOSALS FOR INDIAN GOOODS. and consider them superior to any we have ever
J4EALED PROPOSALS will be received at the seen.
A office of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, or sale at F. NAYLOR'S,
until the 16!h day of December ensuing, at 1 Nov 8-ly Pennsylvania avenue.
o'clock, p. min. for furnishing the following goods NAVY COMMISSIONERS' OFFICE,
iur the use of the Indians: November 27, 1839.
Mackinac Blankets of various sizes and colors t, EALED PROPOSALS will be received at this
Cloths of different qualities and colors office until three o'clock, p. m. of the 21st
Strouds and Moulting do December next, for furnishing and delivering at
Flannels do each of the respective navy yards at Charlestown,
Woollen Socks and Yarns, assorted Mass. Brooklyn, N. Y. and Gosport, Va. on or be-
Linseys and Worsted Gaitering, do fore the first day of May next, the following arti-
Calicoes, assorted qualities cles, viz:
Calico and Flannel Shirts First fur:
Bleached and unbleached Cotton Shirting and 25,000 pounds of dry white lead, of American
Sheeting manufacture
Domestic Stripes, Plaids and Checks Second for;
Cotton Shawls and Hankerchiefs, assorted 1,500 pounds of dry French yellow
Black Silk Handkerchiefs 1,000 pounds of dry red lead
Sewing Silk 200 pounds of litharge
Cotton and Linen Threads, assorted 250 pounds of dry venetian red
Chinese Vermnilion 25 pounds of dry chrome yellow
Beads, assorted 10 pounds of dtry Prussian blue
Pipes, assorted qualities 50 pounds of dry verdigris
Pins, assorted i,000oo pounds of lampblack
Brass and Tin Kettles, asserted sizes 1,000 pounds of whiting
Tin Pans and Cups .ud third for:
Frying Pans 1,500 gallons raw linseed oil
Fire Steels The proposals must be made separately for each
Britanni Looking (lasc; yard, and for the white lead, the oil, and the other
.A wls, ass ortidc paints, as they will be decided upon without re-
Bl tons, do ference to each other.
Bra~s Nr.ifs All the articles most be of the very best quality,
Needles, assorted and subject to such inspection and tests as. may be
Gimbe s, do prescribed by the Inavy Cormimissioners or corn-
Scissois, do mandant of the navy yard where they are deli-
T him ihi." rif ......,1 .,, !> l'l, > n il ... n l. 1, /^l rl -. ....... A.


NAVY SUPPLIES FOR THE YEAR 1840.

NAVY COMMISSIONERS' OFFICE,
27th November, 1839.
P3 ROPOSALS, scaled and endorsed, will be re-
Sceived at this office until 3 o'clock, p. m. of
the 14th December next, for furnishing and deli-
vering at the navy yards at Portsmouth, N. H.
Charlestown, Mass. Brooklyn, N.Y. Philadelphia,
Washington, Gosport, Va. and the Baltimore naval
station, such quantities of the following articles as
may be ordered or required from the contractors by
the respective commandants of the navy yards, or
navy agents, during the year 1840, for the use of
the navy of the United States, vi2:
1. Cold rolled Copper.
2. Iron, round, flat, and square,
3. Paints.
4. Raw Linseed Oil.
5. Superfine Flour.
6. Ship Biscuit.
7. Whiskey.
8. Spermaceti Candles.
9. Spermaceti Oil.
10. Butter.
11. Molasses, Vinegar, Rice, and White Beans.
It is to be distinctly understood, however, that
the persons who may offer are not to have any
claim to furnish any further quantity of any article
than may be expressly ordered or required, as the
Board will probably advertise for specific quanti-
ties of some of the articles, or prefer supplying the
wants of one station by transfers, or surplus quan-
tities at others.
It is also to be understood, that when persons re-
side at other places than those near which they en-
gage to furnish articles, they will be expected to ap-
point and duly authorize some person resident at,
or very near, the place of delivery, to receive and
act upon the requisition or orders which may be
made.
And it is to be further understood, that in case
the person who contracts, or his agent, shall neg-
lect or fail to comply with the regulations or orders
he may receive, in proper time and of proper qua-
lity, the officers or agents of the navy shall be
authorized to purchase the same, and the con-
tractors shall be liable for any excess of cost over
the contract price.
Separate proposals must be made for each navy
yard and for Baltimore. The blank offers fur-
nished to individuals must have all the blanks filled
up, and must be subscribed as directed in the note
on the face of each form, and they must be unqua-
lifted and unconditional.
Bonds in one-third the estimated amounts of the
respective contracts will be required; and ten per
centum in addition will be withheld from the
amount of each payment to be made, as collateral
security for the due and faithful performance of
!he respective contracts, which will on no account
be paid until the contracts are complied with in all
respects. After deducting ten per centum, pay-
ment will be made by the United States within
thirty d(lays after the said articles shall have been
inspected and received, and bills for the same ap-
proved by the commandants of the respective navy
yards aforesaid, according to the terms of the con-
tracts.
The Board reserve to themselves the right to re-
ject all offers from persons who have heretofore
failed to fulfil their contracts.
Blank forms of offers for each denomination ofar
tiles will be furnished by the respective navy agents
or commandants of navy yards, to persons applying
for them, and upon which all offers should be made,
strictly conforming to the directions which they con-
tain. Samples of the biscuit are lodged with the
commandants oft yards. They are of ihe sarne qua-
lity as those for 1839, being made from superfine
flour.
To be published three times a week in the Globe,
National Intelligencer, Army and Navy Chronicle,
Eastern Argus, New Hampshire Patriot, New
Hampshire Gazette, Boston Statesman, Boston
Morning Post, Republican Herald, Hartford
Times, Vermont Gazette, New York Evening Post,
Trenton Emporium, American Sentinel, Pennsyl-
vanian, Pennsylvania Reporter, Baltimore Repub-
lican, Norfolk Herald, Norfolk Beacon, and Old
Dominion. Nov 28-3tawtd

C CHOICE OLD WINES AND LIQ.UORS,
IN GLASS AND WOOD.-
25 dozen Miranda's South-side Madeira, vintage
1830
25 do Monteiro Madeira Wine, vintage 1830
25 do Bual do do 1826)
25 do Sercial do do 1826
50 do Olh Reserved do do 1815)
(This collection embraces the finest wines made
on the Island of Madeira.)
50 doaen fine Pale and Gold Sherry Wines, Duff
Gordon and Co.
25 dozen Tinta and other Madeira Wines
50 do Virgin Brandy, vintage 1830
100 do old Cognac Brandy, vintage 1830.
IN WOOD.
1 pipe fine Old Reserved Madeira wine, vintage
1815
1 do do Bual do vintage 1826
4 half pipes do Blackburn's do
5 butts fine old Brown Sherry do
2 do do Pale do do
1 pipe Pure old Port do
20 half and quarter pipes Teneriffe Wines


20 do do Sicily do
50 baskets Champagne Wines, Beaver, Gold Me-
dal, and Grape brands
2 puncheons superior Jamaica Rum
2 do Irish Whiskey
8 pipes fine old Rye Whiskey
AL0O,
100,000 superior Havana Cigars, Regalia, In-
dustria, Principe, and other brands.
A few boxes very choice Chewing Tobacco
These wines and liquors are confidently recom-
mended to the public as being pure as imported,
and unsurpassed in quality by any in the country.
Demnijohns loaned, and goods sent to any part of
the city free of porterage.
M1DDLETON & BEALL,
Pa. avenue, opposite the National Hotel.
Nov 29-eo2w
HHIDS. NEW ORLEANS MOLASSES
4 hhds. St. Croix Sugar
10 half chests Imperial, Gunpowder, and
Young Hyson Teas
10 boxes Pine Apple Cheese
2 casks do.
4 do- large size Mats
2 do small
5 boxes New York Loaf Sugar
50 boxes Sperm and Patent Candles
0fl An r) 1.,,, M ii ,1 TVnii nit i


W INES, LIOUORS, CORDIALS, &c.
MADEIRA WINES.
120 dozen Newton Murdock Madeira
85 do Pachico do
60 do Ocean do
100 do Ontario do
25 do Blackburn's do
80 do Old Reserved do
SHERRY WINES.
170 dozen Poman's Pale Sherry
120 do do Brown do
40 do do Gold do
80 do Manzinello Pale do
110 do Lobo Brown do
60 do Mountain Shiel Pale do
28 do Mountain Dew do
CLARET WINES.
300 cases Claret Wines-Brands, Chateau La-
fitte, Chateau Leoville, Chateau Margaux, St. Ju-
lien, Pichon Onguevilli.
HOCK WINES.
50 cases Hock Wine-Brands, Marcobruner,
Johannesberger, Rudesheimer, Geisenheimer.
PORT WINES.
112 dozen Oporto Port Wine
80 do Pure Juice do
60 do Old Crust Port do
Champagne Wines of different and superior
qualities
200 baskets Champagne-Brands, Boker's An-
chor, Olive, Hebe Constitution, Ay Mousseux.
OLD COGNAC BRANDY.
120 dozen Cognac Brandy, dark
75 do do vintage 1824
100 do do very old
HOLLAND GIN.
160 dozen old Holland Gin
50 do Cologne do in stona jugs
200 do old Rye Whiskey
CORDIALS.
10 do Maraschino
12 do Curacoa
2 do Irish Usquebaugh
5 do Hendage
10 do Aniseseed
SAUTERNE AND BREMEN WINES.
Sparkling Hock Wines
Burgundy do
Muscat do
In casks we have constantly on hand a large
supply of Madeira, Sherry, Port, Lisbon, and Ma-
laga Wines of old and superior qualities.
Also, in casks, old Cognac Brandy and Holland
Gin, of extra qualities.
Also, 75,000 Havana Segars, of various brands,
of superior qualities.
These Wines are of direct importations, and can
be sold upon the best terms. The qualities cannot
be surpassed-our extensive and large variety of
Wines and Cordials comprises the choicest quali-
ties that can be sent to the country. We would
respectfully invite our friends and customers to
call and examine our stock.
S. G. KNELLER & CO.
7th street, opposite the Patriotic Bank.
Nov 30-eo2w

NAVY SLOP CLOTHING FOR THE YEAR 1&10.

NAVY COMMISSIONERS' OFFICE,
December 3, 1839.
SEALED PROPOSALS, endorsed "Proposals
for Slop Clothing," will be received at this
office until 10 o'clock, a. m, of the 21st inst. for
furnishing and delivering at each of the Navy Yards,
at Charlestown, Mass.; Brooklyn, N. Y.; and Gos-
port, Va. the following articles, viz:
600 Pea Jackets
1,(i0O hltu o nloth JajTslzt
2,000 blue cloth Trowsers
2,000 white flannel Shirts
2,000 white flannel Drawers
2,000 white lilen Frocks
800 white duck Trowsers
1,000 white German linen Trowsers
500 black silk Handerchiefs
2;OuO pairs woollen Stockings
1,000 pairs of thick sewed leather Shoes
1,000 pairs of sewed leather Pumps
500 blankets
The pea jackets, blue cloth jackets and trowsers,
flannel shirts and drawers, are to be made from
materials of American manufacture. All the ar-
ticdes are to be fully equal to the samples which
are deposited at the navy yards, near Boston, New
York, and Norfolk, at which places schedules, show-
ing the sizes of the different articles of clothing,
may also be seen. Where the article's are to be of
more than one size, two-thirds of the number fur-
nished are to be of the largest size, and one-third
of the smallest size, excepting the shoes and stock-
ings, which must be of assorted sizes, and which
will be specified in the contracts that may be made.
All the said articles of Slop Cothing must be
subjected to such inspection and survey as the Com-
missioners of the Navy shall direct, by instruc-
tions to the commanding officers of the respective
navy yards of delivery; and no portion of the
said Slop Clothing will be received that is not fully
equal to the samples or pa'teras, both in materials
and workmanship, and does not conform in all
other respect to the stipulations and provisions of
the contracts to be made.
The prices to be asked for the several denomina-
tions of articles enumerated, must be mean or


average prices, without regard to the sizes, and
must be calculated to cover every expense attend-
ing the fulfilment of the contracts, until the articles
have passed inspection, been approved, and re-
ceived, including the necessary metal naval buttons.
The whole must be delivered in good, light, sub-
stantial, and dry packing boxes or hogsheads, and
in good shipping order, at the expense of the con-
tractors, and to the entire satisfaction of the corn-
dant of the yards.
Separate proposals must be made, first, for the
Shoes; second, for the Stockings; third, for the
Blankets; and fourth, for the other articles; and the
proposals tor the deliveries at each yard must also be
separate and distinct, as distinct contracts will be made
for each,
One fourth of the quantity of each article to be
delivered at each of the navy yards, must be deli-
vered on or before the first day of Marchl next;
one fourth on or before the fifteenth day of April
next; and the remainder on or before the first day
of June next.
And ij case cf failure on the part of the con-
tractors to deliver articles within the times specified,
the Navy Commissioners to have the right to direct
purchases to be made to supply the deficiencies,
and any excess of cost to be charged to, and paid
by, the contractors.
Persons raking offers, must stipulate specifically
that they will furnish, under the contracts to be


BOARDING.-Mrs. W. OWNER is prepared
to accommodate a mess of gentlemen, with
or without their families, with comfortable well
furnished rooms and good board during the ap-
proaching session of Congress. Pennsylvania
avenue, near 3d street. Nov 25-eo2w
B OARDING.-Miss HENDERSON, living on
Street, between 12th and 13th street, wishes
to inform her friends and the public in general, that
she has several very fine vacant rooms, and can
accommodate ladies and gentlemen with either
permanent or transient board. Nov 18-3t* ,
FURNISHED ROOMS FOR RENT.-Two
Parlors and five Chambers, situated on 4i
street, between Pennsylvania avenue and C street.
Nov 28-6t JAS. WILLIAMS.
URNISHED ROOMS.--For rent, eight
newly furnished rooms, without board, ad-
joining Brown's Hotel west, being convenient to
the principle hotels and restaurants. For terms,
&c. apply at the Hat Store of W. B. TODD.
Nov 27-6tif
F OR RENT, either furnished or unfurnished,
a very comfortable two story brick House,
situated on H street, between 18th and 19th streets,
in the First ward, and within one square of the
War and Navy Departments, and in one of the
most desirable situations in the ward. The house
contains two rooms on each floor, with a passage,
two good garret rooms, closets, &c. and has a com-
fortable kitchen attached to it. Possession will be
given on the 1st December. The property will
be shown by the subscriber, residing on the pre-
mises, who has for sale 2,000 genuine Morus Mul-
ticaulis Trees, which will be sold reasonably.
Nov 4-law4w DAVID HINES, Agent.
L KERVAND has taken the large house,
L Seven Buildings, fronting Pennsylvania
avenue and 19th street, and can accommodate 20
or 30 members of Congress with board. Furnished
rooms may be had in the immediate neighborhood,
and at the house; also dinner parties.
Nov 27-eod3t [Intel.]
ju RS. THOMSON can accommodate a mess
l.Vl of Members of Congress. Her house is
pleasantly situated on New Jersey avenue, imme-
diately south of the Capitol. Nov 26-?o3t
MRS. HAMILTON, nearly opposite Gadsby's,
is prepared to accommodate a mess of eight
or ten members of Congress, with or without their
families. Nov 26-eolw
MRS. GASSAWAY'S BOARDING HOUSE,
pleasantly situated on the south side of
Pennsylvania avenue, corner of 10th street, and
equidistant from the Capitol and public offices.
Permanent and transient boarders can be accom-
modated with comfortable chambers and spacious
and handsome parlors.
If desired, lodging and a private parlor can be
furnished to a mess of four gentlemen.
Nov 26-eolm
MRS. PAGE'S BOARDING HOUSE (on
Pennsylvania avenue, opposite the Centre
Market) is prepared for the reception of members
of Congress and persons visiting Washington.
Families can be furnished with pleasant Parlors
and comfortable Rooms. Nov 27-6t
T O MEMBERS OF CONGRESS.-I would
respectfully make known to members of
Congress that I have taken two houses, adjoining
the corner of Pennsylvania avenue and Ninth
street i and have fitted and furnished them in a
style which 1 flatter myself cannot fail to please.
The location, too, is a desirable one, being about
midway between the Capitol and the President's
house. I have also fitted up at the Capitol, for
the especial convenience of members, a private
dining ioom, where they can dine at any hour
while the House is in session. Those who board
with me will dine there without extra expense. I
would respectfully invite members without families
to call and examine the rooms above mentioned.
It is supposed by some that 1 air still connected
with the refectory at the corner of Ninth street and
Pennsylvania avenue. I will now state, positively,
that neither I, nor the houses which I occupy, have
any connection whatever with that establishment.
JOHN PETTIBONE.
Nov 26-eo6t [Nat. Intel.]
ygHE subscriber has five or six rooms, sepa-
rately or collectively, to let for the ensuing
session of Congress, in the row west of the Seven
Buildings, Pennsylvania avenue. The rooms are
pleasant and comfortable, and two of them are
handsomely furnished; the others will be furnished
as soon as taken. Members of Congress and other
gentlemen wishing handsome and comfortable
apartments for the season, are invited to call and
examine them, or address a note to me at the Gene-
ral Land Office. S. C. DAVISON.
Nov 21-lit
TTNION HOTEL, NORTH F STREET, BE-
UJ TWEEN 13th AND 14th STS. WEST.-
The subscriber begs leave to inform the public that
the above establishment has been entirely refitted
in the most modern style, and that he is prepared
to accommodate ten or twelve boarders at moderate


prices. Also, that he has replenished his bar with
the choicest liquors of all kinds that could be fur-
nished from the New York, Philadelphia, and Bal-
timore markets; and he does not hesitate in re-
commending them to the public as first chop.
He has one large front parlor in the first story,
and several bedrooms, well furnished, which he is
disposed to rent. The location being nearly cen-
tral of this city, gentlemen having business with
Congress or with either of the Departments, would
find them comfartab'e and convenient.
The liberal patronage which the public has al-
ready evinced, urges him respectfully to solicit a
continuation. A. BUTLER.
Nov 29-4t

W ANTED TO PURCHASE.-Specie, Trea-
sury Notes, Treasury Drafts, New York
funds, and bills on England.
Persons having the above funds will find it to
their interest to call on the subscriber before they
sell, as they may be certain of the highest price
that can be given by any other establishment. Ap
ply to W. S. NICHOLLS,
Nov 6-d3w Penn. avenue.

JAMES J. DICKINS,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
Has removed his office to Pennsylvania avenue, a
few doors west of the City Post Office.


Haut Sauterne Vin de Grave
RHINE AND MOSELLE WINES.
Steinwine Sparkling Hock
Rudesheimer Sparkling Neckar
Marcobruner Ehrinbreitstein
Johannesberger,Cabinet Steinburg
Hockheimer


Oporto
Grape Juice


PORT WINES.
Marseilles


BRANDIES.
Otard,Dupuy'& Co. vint. 1807 London Dock, pale
Do do pale 'do 1811 A. Seignett
Dondon Dock do 1811 Peach
GIN.
Cologne Pineapple
Bohlers Anchor
Skeidam Swaa
RUM.
Grenada lonia
Antigua St. Croix
Jamaica


Irish (Innishowen)
Scotch

Maraschino
Silver Water
Absynthe
Kirschenwaser
Aniseseed


WHISKEY.
) Tuscaloosa
Monongahela
CORDIALS.
Perfect Love
Noyeau
Rose
Ratifa


MISCELLANEOUS.
Sicily Madeira Wine Scotch Ale
L. P. Teneriffe Superior Havana Segars
Lisbon Do Principe do
Dry Malaga Curry Powder
Sweet do Canton Soy, &c. &c.
Marseilles Madeira
London Double Brown
Stout
Nov. 30-3tif

VTERY DESIRABLE PRIVATE RESI-
S DENCE AT PRIVATE SALE.-The two
story brick building next adjoining and west of the
residence of Col. W. W. Seaton, on E street, and
fronting the General Post Department, (now being


P ROPOSALS will be received tntil the I2th
day of December next, at 3 o'clock, p. m. a
the Contract Office of the Post Office Department
(to be decided by the 14th,) to carry mails as fol.
lows:
1. From Baltimore to Philadelphia by the inter-
mediate offices, 98 miles and back daily in mail
wagons, stages, or coaches, at a speed of 7 miles
to the hour, for the conveyance of the great and
way mails.
2. From Baltimore to Elkton, by the intermediate
offices, 49 miles and back, for the conveyance of
of the ordinary mails three times'a week in sulkeys,
wagons, or stages, at a speed of about 5 miles to the
hour.
3. From Elkton to Philadelphia by the interme-
diate offices, 49 miles and back daily in sulkeys,
wagons, or stages, for the conveyance of the
ordinary mails, at a speed of about 5 miles to the
hour.
4. From Columbia, by York, and other interme-
diate offices, to Baltimore, 61 miles and back daily
in mail wagons or coaches, at a speed of 7 miles to
the hour, to transport the great Southern and ordi-
nary mails.
5. From Lancaster, by Harrisburg, and other
intermediate offices to Chambersbarg, 85 miles and
back, daily in mail wagons, stages, or coaches, at a
speed of 7 miles to the hour, to convey the Great
Western as well as the ordinary mails. Proposals
for less speed on this route are invited.
6. Also on same route to convey only the ordi-
nary mails of the route, including Pittsburgh mails,
at a speed of about 5 miles to the hour.
7. From Columbia, by York, Gettysburgh, and
other intermediate points, to Chambersburg, 65
miles and back, daily in mail wagons, stages, or
coaches, at a speed of 7 miles to the hour, to con-
vey the Great Western as well as the ordinary
mails. Proposals for less speed on this route are
invited.
8. Also on same route, at speed of about 5 miles
to the hour to convey the ordinary mails only,
including the Pittsburg mails.
9. From Baltimore to York, by the intermediate
offices, 48 miles and back daily on horse, in sulkeys,
wagons, or stages, for the conveyance of the ordi-
nary mails of the route, at about 5 miles to the
hour.
10. From Chambersburg, by intermediate offices,
to Hagerstown, 20 miles and back, daily in mail
wagons, stages, or coaches, at a speed of 7 miles
to the hour, or at a less speed to be named in the
bid, to carry the Great Western mail and ordinary
mails. Also, proposals to carry the ordinary mails
only.
Proposals for a greater or less speed on any of
the routes will be considered.
The service is to commence on the 1st day of
January, 1840, subject to be discontinued oR
allowance of two months' extra pay on the fast
service, and one month's on the ordinary service.
AMOS KENDALL.
POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT, 4
Nov. 30, 1839. 4t

CHOICE WINES AND LICLUORS.-T. F.
SEMMES respectfully informs his friends,
Members of Congress, and others, that he has
now on hand, at the old stand at the corner of
Louisiana avenue and Seventh street, on Centre
Market space, the largest and best selected stock of
fine Wines and Liquors ever offered for sale in the
District of Columbia, which we will warrant to be
as represented, and sell, either wholesale or retail,
on as reasonable terms as they can be procured in
any cf the Northern cities.
Space is not afforded to enumerate more than a
portion of his stock, but the following list com-
prises a few of the most recherche kinds, which are
worthy of the attention of connoisseurs, housekeep-
ers, and dealers.
All wines and liquors purchased of T. F. S. will
be sent to any section of the city or Georgetown
free of charge; and those intended for a distance
will be securely packed, and warranted to carry
free of breakage.
MADEIRA WINES.
Phelps & Co. vintage 1807 Howard, March & Co.
Reserve, do 1815 very old
Brahmin very old Star do
Calista do East India Murdock do
Canton do Buel
Sercial do Newton, Gordon, Mar.
Malmsey do dock & Co.
London Particular do Blackburn
l.eacoclc do Grape Juice
Monteiro do Pico
Aranjo do Brazil
Lewis & Co.
SHERRY WINES.
East India "1 Romano
Lobo Smith, Bailey & Co.t
Wells & Co. } Duff, Gordon & Co.
Gordon / fl Currear I
Smith,Bailey&Co.J Gold Sherry
FRENCH WINES.
Chateau Margaux Cabinet Champagne
Chateau Lafitte Anchor do
Cos, vintage 1831 Grape do
Cos, do 1834 Biddle do
St. Julien Crown do
Leoville Star do
Bordeaux Silver Top do
St. Estephe Key do


- x M. A m mc Q;-,; r --





----'


TWENTY-SIXTH CONGRESS,
FIRST SESSION.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
THURSDAY, December 5, 1839.
[DEBATE CONTINUED.]
Mr. ADAMS rose, and addressing himself to the
House Said:
Fellow-citizens and members elect of the Twen-
ty-sizth Congress: I address myself to you, and not
to the CLERK in that chair, under a painful sense
of my own duty. The CLERK, in the performance
of official duties assigned to him by the laws of the
United States, commenced reading the roll of the
members here assembled for the purpose of consti-
tuting a House of Representatives of the United
States in the Twenty-sixth Congress. After calling
the roll, commencing with the State of Maine, as
far as the State of New Jersey, and the members
whose names he called having answered-ascer-
taining their presence here-he paused after calling
the name of one of the members from New Jersey,
and stated to the House that the seats of the five
other members from New Jersey were contested;
that he, deeming himself n. t authorized to decide
which of the two parties of five members were
entitled to seats, must refer that decision to the
House; and then immediately, or shortly after-
wards, a question arose, and the proposition being
presented to the House, he again, in the discharge.
of a solemn duty, declared that he could not put a
question to the House till it was organized. Now,
fellow-citizens, I am reduced to the necessity of
appealing to you. Your CLERK has decided that
he could not proceed; he refers the decision to you,
and then he refuses to put the question in order
that you may make the decision; and has persisted
in the refusal to put a question of any kind until
he discovered yesterday that he might put the ques-
tion of adjournment. Now, fellow-citizens, in
what predicament are we placed? We are fixed
here as firm and as immoveable as those columns;
we can neither go forward nor backward; and
the CLERK tells us that he will persist in both
these decisions. What, then, can we do? I have
waited here four days with a firm determination
not to enter into this controversy. It was with a
firm determination not to say one word on the sub-
ject, that I remained in my seat until now. At
the last session of Congress, foreseeing what might
happen, I offered a resolution to this House for the
purpose of preventing the difficulty in which we
are involved; but that resolution was not adopted,
and the difficulty that I then foresaw has overtaken
us. For many reasons I had determined not to say
one word on the subject before us, and I should
still persist in that determination if I did not find it
impossible for the House to proceed one step until
relieved from its present embarrassment. We
might stay here until doomsday, and not be one
step nearer to our organization than we now are,
unless we adopt some mode of relieving ourselves
from the difficulty in which the decision of the
CLERK has placed us. Now, all this is very extra-
ordinary. Here is a body of men assembled from
the twenty-six States of the Union-a more com-
lylete representation than ever was assembled here
before--and here we are under the solemn convic-
tions of duty, and yet without form or order, and
unable to progress one step towards the discharge
of the public business. The CLERK has told us
that he acted under the solemn convictions of duty,
and I concede that he has. I do not even question
-whether that sense of duty was correctly applied,
but I do say that he has placed us in a"posi-
tion'in which we also have solemn duties to
perform. Now, what are we to do? This
complete representation of the people of the
United States has assembled here, and the Con-
stitution has enjoined upon it a solemn duty.
What is it? To organize itself. If there is any
difficulties in effecting this organization, let us do
what Mr. Jefferson has told us the General Assem-
bly of the State of Virginia did, when Lord Dun-
more dissolved them. They adjourned to a tavern,
and there constituted themselves a convention.
This might be deemed irregular; but I do think
lhat, on the fourth day of the session, in a state of
disorganization, it is rather late to make any ob-
jection on the ground of irregularity. I address
myself to you, fellow-citizens, and call upon you
in the name of the people of the United States, to
discharge your duty. Organize yourselves, and
when that is done, you can take up and decide
questions as you heretofore have done. I call
upon the whole House. I call upon the majority
vhich composes it to proceed to its organization.
We have recently been told, in the official organ of
the present Administration,that there is a majority-
setting aside the members from New Jersey, or
counting them-that there is a majority of friends
' j)f the Administration elected to the present Con-
gress. And not only has the organ stated that fact,
but he mentions the precise number-one hundred
and twenty-one members, and every one of them
is here present. Now I call upon that one hun-
dred and twenty-one to organize the House. I
.call upon them in the name of their country-I
'will not say in the name of the Administration, for
I have not a [right to invoke it; but I call upon
them in the name of the people of the United
States to organize the House; and I offer, for that
purpose, to this assemblage, the following resolu-
tion which lies upon the table of your CLERK,
and which, like all othem resolutions that have


been placed there, lies in the limbo valley,
the paradise of fools. We may go on ad iifini-
tum, to the end of time, laying resolutions
on the CLERK'S table, and he will not put the ques-
tion on one of them. We cannot control the CLERK.
He is, in the position which he has assumed, an ab-
solute despot; and unless you set aside all his de-
cisions, and act for yourselves, you will not be
able to advance one step. Ti.is resolution which I
inow offer, was offered yesterday by a gentle-man
from Kentucky, [Mr. GRAVES,] (and a number of
resolutions have been offered since,) but it is in
the same condition in which all the rest of them
are.
Mr. A. here read the resolution in the following
words:
Resolved, That the Acting Clerk of this House
shall proceed with the call of the members from
the different States of the Union in the usual way,
calling the names of such members from New
Jersey as hold the regular and legal commissions
from the Executive of that State.
Mr. GRAVES here suggested to the gentlen:an
from Massachusetts that the resolution would need
soume modification. Having understood from a
friend that the CLERK was willing to proceed with
lhe call of the roll if it was the will of the majority
of the House that he should do so, he addressed a
letter to him on the subject, which he would now
read, with the CLERK'S answer:
"HOusE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
"Dec. 5, 1839.
"HuGHn A. GARLAND, Esq.: If a majority of the
members whose seats are uncontroverted signify
in writing their desire that you proceed regularly
with the call of the New Jersey members holding
commissions from the Executive of that State, will
you conform to that expression of their will?
"Respectfully,
"W. J. GRAVES."
To this note Mr. GARLAND returned the follow-
ing reply:
"For Mr. GRAVES: If a majority of the members


impossible for us to come to any decision upon any
proposition that may be made. I offer this resolu-
tion in its present form, because it was laid on
your table, and your CLT RK will not put the ques-
tion on it. I appeal to the House, from the de-
cision of the CLERK, to act for itself. If any gen-
tleman present does not like the resolution, let him
propose an amendment to it; and let the House
decide both on it and the amendment. I wi~.h to
see what is the will of the majority. The CLERK,
by his decision, makes it impossible for us to as-
certain that will, through his agency, and I there
fore wish to ascertain it directly from the House.
I call upon this House in the first place to save us
from the evils entailed upon us by the decision of
the CLERK. We may be here a whole week, nay,
a whole month, in our present situation, unless we
devise some mode by which we can be relieved
from it. I ask, if it is creditable to this House,
that we shall consume further time in perfectly
idle, useless debate, because the CLERi has placed
us in a situation in which no question can
be put. Now, I am willing that the CLEP:?X
shall be held responsible to the people of the
United States for the four days of the time
of this House that have been wasted in
idle, unprofitable debate, upon questions that he
will not put. I say that he is responsible for the
waste of time that he has already occasioned; but
now this House itself will be responsible for any
further waste of time. I will go further, and say
that the one hundred and twenty-one members
which have been set down as friends of the Admi-
nistration, are responsible to the people of the
country, if the organization of the body for the
despatch of the public business is not forthwith com-
pleted. I say that if there is a majority of this House
determined to set aside the five members from New
Jersey who have produced their credentials pre-
cisely in the same form with those produced by the
member from that Stat?, whose name the CLERK
has called-if the majority of this Hou-e will say
that those members shall not be permitted tu sit,
why let it say so, and that majority will be respon-
sible to the country and the world for such decision.
Now, I believe, that they cannot say so; and in my
private opinion, I believe that it is the rights of the
people of New Jersey that are involved. I say no-
thing about the Governor of the State, nor any por-
tion of the State, but the people. These five men
came here with the authority of the Constitution
and the laws declaring them to be the representa-
tives of the State of New Jersey; and the laws and
Constitution of the United States, and the laws of
the State of New Jersey, declare that no other evi-
dence of membership than that produced by them
shall be received here. Now I say that these men
came here presenting that evidence; that one of
them has been received as a member, and if you
refuse to receive the others, then it is not those
members that you turn out of the House,
but the sovereign people of New Jersey.
Whoever may finally, and after proper inves-
tigation, be determined to be the true and law-
ful Representatives from New Jersey, these
five are the present Representatives, and you can-
not deprive them of their seats without outraging
the people of their State. If you say that they
shall not be received, it is the people they come to
represent whom you reject, and whom you deprive
of five-sixths of their representation. Now I have
heard about an attack on the rights of the peo-
ple of New Jersey; and have heard it stated that
there is a contest between the people of New Jer-
sey on the one hand, and the Governor and Coun-
cil on the other. Why, that Governor and Council
represent the people of New Jersey; and it must be
borne in mind that long after these contested elec-
tions took place, and long after the Governor and
Council decided who were the persons duly elect-
ed, they have been called upon to pronounce sen-
tence upon the correctness of this decision, and
they have done so by re-electing this very Go-
vernor and Council by whom it was given. My
honorable friend over the way, [Mr. VANDERPOEL,]
who intends to offer an amendment to the resolu-
tion I have submitted, in his ardent appeals to this
House in favor of the sacred rights of the people of
New Jersey, proposes, in the very act of flattering
them, to take away their rights; for if the members
from New Jersey are not called, the people of that
State will be deprived of their rights, and five-
sixths of their voice will be suppressed in the im-
portant proceeding of organizing this body. The
appeals of the gentleman in favor of the rights of
the people, and his manner of showing his regard
for them, put me ia mind Ofa otry I havo-read
in the Bible, where a rn fair ct Up tC alotineI amiT
affectionately asks, "Art thou in health, my
brother," and then stabs himx under the fifth rib
Now the manifestations of love and respect are
very various. I profess to have as much love and
respect for the rights of the people as my friend
from New York, who I understand is to be one
of the leaders of this House, and therefore I speak
of him with great respect and deference; but his
mode of showing love and respect for the rights of
the people, is to take away their rights, while mine
is to use my best endeavors to prevent their being
deprived of them; and as I cannot give them a
double representation on this floor, which the Con
stitution does not allow, I will give them that repre-
sentation which the evidence of their constituted
authorities shows to be the true one. Mr. A. then
submitted the resolution which he had previously
read.


Mr. MERCER suggested to his friend from
Massachusetts, that the same difficulty would again
occur of putting the question on this resolution.
Mr. ADAMS said he was willing to wait awhile
to see what amendments gentlemen might propose
to the resolution. He then proposed to put the
questions to the House himself. He protested
against the CLERK'S putting any question.
Mr. RHETT asked of the CLERIC if he had de-
termined that he could not put questions to the
House?
The CLERK proceeded to state that the Clerk
of the House of Representatives, in accordance
with past usag%, was compelled to make out a roll
of the members of the 2Gth Congress, to the best of
his knowledge and ability, and under his own re-
sponsible sense ef duty. Under that conviction,
he had made out a roll on certain principles, which
appeared to him to be true. Those principles he
had not been permitted to state. IIe had not been
allowed to explain the grounds upon which he had
acted in performing, according to his sense of duty,
the delicate charge which had been forced upou
him. This first part of his duty being performed,
he had, at the appointed hour of 12, proceeded,
also according to usage, to call the roll. His duty
was, when the roll was called, and a quorum was
present, to put to the House all questions arising
up to the time of the election of Speaker. All this
the Clerk came prepared ts (do. In the call of the
roll he was arrested-
[Very loud cries of "no! no you were not ar-
rested."]
The CLERK proceeded: A'quorum had not been
ascertained. The CLERIC then, of course, could
not proceed further until the House had deter-
mined in their own mode what was a quorum, and
who were entitled to vote or not to vote. Unques-
tionably a quorum was present; there might be
many more-there might be gentlemen who were
not entitled to sit here. The CLERK, then, did that
which he was bound to do-be took the roll as his
guide.
If he had nnt a nienstinn and a rlivi;;in h-r


The Usual oath was then administered to Mr. *
PHELPS, and he took his seat in the Senate.
Mr. BENTON gave notice that, at the earliest
day in which it would be in order to do so, he
would ask leave to introduce the following bills:
1. A bill to provide for the armed occupation
and settlement of that part of Florida which is
now overrun and invested by marauding bands of
hostile Indians.
2. A bill to define and establish the southern
boundary line of the Territory (if Iowa.
Mr. DAVIS gave notice that, at the earliest
day in which it would be in order to do so, he
would ask leave to introduce the following bill:
Bill to remit such duties, and to cancel uch
bonds, as have been required of persons engaged in
the whale fishery, to restrain all future exactions
of duties of such vessels and their cargoes.
On motion,
The Senate adjourned.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
FRIDAY, December 6, 1839.
At twelve o'clock, Mr. ADAMS, appointed yes-
terday the Chairman pro tempore of the meeting,
called the House to order; when
Mr. DROMGOOLE rose, and asked if the jour-
nals were to be read before proceeding to busi-
ness.
The CHAIR replied that the rules of the House
required that, not only the journal of the preceding
day should be read, but the journal of each diy's
proceedings since the commencement of the session.
The CLERK then read the journals; after which,
Mr. WISE rose, and proposed to correct the
journal, so that it might appear that the CLERK had
refused to put questions to the House, and that it
was in consequence of this refusal that the House
had been compelled to appoint a Chairman pro
tern. Mr. W. then submitted an amendment to the
juut'nal of last Monday, to show that the CLERK
had refused to put any question to the House.
Mr. DUNCAN desired, if the journal was
amended, that the whole truth might be told. The
CLERK had distinctly stated that, it' it was the plea-
sure of the Honse, he would put questions. Let
this be put upon the journal also.
Mr. BRIGGS then proposed to amend Mr. W's.
motion-"the CLERK stated that he did not feel
himself authorized to put any question to the mem-
bers present, and a motion being made to adjourn,
the CLERK decided he could not put that motion to
the House."
Mr. WISE accepted this as a modification.
Mr. DROMGOOLE submitted, whether, in fair-
ness to the CLERK, this motion ought not to be
varied. The CLERIK had stated that, in his opinion,
he could not put questions' until a quorum of
members were ascertained to be pre:.ent. This
was the ground taken by the CLERK, and he
thought, in perfect fairness, that this ought to be
stated in the proposed amendment to the journal.
After a few remarks by Mr. CUS-IfNG,
Mr. DROMGOOLE proposed the following as a
substitute for Mr. WISE'S amendment:
"The CLERK having declared that under the
present imperfect stage of the organization of thl
IIouse, no quorum having answered to their
names, and there being no rules for the government
of the body, he did not feel, under these circurn-
stances, authorized to pat any question to the mem-
bers, except by general consent.
"A motion was thereupon made to adjourn. The
CLERK decided that lie could not submit that mo-
tion to the House."
Mr. WISE accepted this as a modifcation of
his motion; which was agreed to by the IIouse.
Mr. WISE then moved the following amend-
ment to the journal of Tuesday, which was con-
sidered and agreed to:
"A motion being made to adjourn, the CLERr
decided that he could not put that question to the
House: Mr. CUSHING, of Massachus&tts, objected
to the CLERK declaring the House adjourned
without a vote of the House."
Mr. WISE then moved the following amend-
ment to the journal of Wednesday, which was con-
sidered and adopted:
"A motion made to adjourn, the Cr,'R: stated
that he was now of opinion that he could subinit a
motion to adjourn, but could submit no other mo-
tion."
Mr. WV. C. JOHNSON then moved the follow-
ing amendment to the journal of Thursday, which
was considered and adopted:
"Mr. RHETT asked the CLERK if he would put
'-t|esitons to the mH WrwsJ Vf'"T-iMwn.-' T r.-r o
plied, he would put no question except to adjourn,
but said, with the consent of the House, he would
put questions as chairman of a meeting of gentlc-
men present, but not as Clerk of the House of the R, -
pressitatives, if instructed to do so by the members
present;' when
"Mr. W. C. JOHNSON objected to his acting as
chairman."
The CHAIR then stated that the questing pend-
ing was on the resolution of Mr. WISE, that the
Acting Clerk be directed to call the members of
the House, including, in such call, the members
from New Jersey who have the certificates of Gov.
Pennington.
Mr. RHETT then rose and stated that, before
he sat down, he intended to make a motion to lay
the resolution of the gentleman from Virginia c-n
the table, for the purpose of offering the following
resolution:


Resolved, That the House will proceed to call
the names of gentlemen whose rights to seats are
not disputed or contested, and after the names of
such members are called, and before a Speaker is
elected, they shall, provided there be a quorum of
snch present, then hear and adjudge upon the
elections, returns, and qualifications of all claimants
to the seats contested on this floor.
This resolution was substantially the resolution
offered by the Chairman [Mr. ADAMS] at the last
session of Congress; it was substantially the rego-
lution proposed the other day by the gentleman
from Virginia [Mr. WISE]; it was substantially the
resolution proposed yesterday by the gentleman
from Kentucky [Mr. UNDERWOOD]; and it was
also substantially the first motion made upon
the subject before the House by the other
gentleman from Virginia, [Mr. RivEs.] It would
thus appear, that the course which this resolution
proposes we should pursue, was no invention of
his, but the result of able minds from different parts
of the House in their search for truth and justice.
The resolution proposes partiality to none, and in-
jury to the claims of none. It put both sets of claim-
ants upon precisely the same footing;:while giving the
members whose qualifications were unquestioned
their seats, a tribunal was e-;lablished, by whiah
the claims of the contestants could be determined.
The case, the whole case, so far as the papers on
your table contain it, (as in the case of Moore and
Letcher,) will then be read, and laid before ihe
House; and which ever way we determined, it could
not be said that we acted unfairly, by excluding
thl testimony and the grounds by which either
party claim their seats. The resolution of the
gentleman from Virginia, [Mr. WisE,] if adopted,
would give the gentlemen from New Jersey who
claim under the Governor's commission their
seats, without the House having heard a sin-
gle word of the testimony and credentials by
which their constituents affirm that they are en-
titled to them. Is this fair? Will the country deem
it fair? Right or wrong, is it decent, or even poli.
tic tonforce thom tawr without v rtinttingrr th]om o


which of them should not voie, and if he had to i
act in the capacity of a teller, he would count them ]
all. d
The CHAIRMAN (Mr. ADAMS) here stated to 1
the House what he conceived to be the rule. He
conceived the rule to be, that the persons who pre-
senited the evidence required by the Constitution of
the United Sates, and the laws of the State of
New Jersey, were entitled to sit and vote in the
House until deprived from doing so by the act of
the House. This was his opinion, and he ex-
pressed it with more confidence, because he had de- i
cleared it before he was placed by a vote of the
House in the chair he now occupied.
Mr. VANDEPOEL appealed from this decision e
of the CHAIR, and said the question would then
arise whether the gentlemen from New Jersey i
would vote in their own case. Mr. V. would like
to know whether the Chairman had been appointed
for the purpose of usurping to himself the power
of deciding the very question which had been
azitating this body for the last three or four days.
Was this Chairman appointed for any such pur-
pose as this? He apprehended not. He would
respectfully appeal from the decision of the CIIAIR,
and then we would see whether these gentlemen
would claim to vote, or be permitted to vote in
their own case. If so, he would say that it would
be not only an unprecedented, but a shocking
spectacle.
Mr. WISE inquired if this appeal was debata-
ble?
The CHATIR decided that it was.
Mr. RIIETT then called the attention of the
CHAIrR and the House to the thirty-fourth rule of
the House, which had been adopted for the govern-
ment of the body, in the following words: "Vbo
member shall vote on any question in the event oJ
which he is immediately or particularly intereshld."
Mr. R. made it a point to the CHAIR whether,
under this rule, the members from New Jersey
could vote.
The CHAIR considered that this rule did not
apply to the present case, because it was not the
members from New Jersey, but their constituents
who were interested.
Mr. THOMPSON of South Carolina held that
the members from New Jersey, who had the Go-
vernor's certificate, were entitled to vote in their
own case, and that it was not in the power of the
House to deprive them of that right.
Mr. STANLY replied to the remarks made
by Mr. VANDERPOEL. He had no idea that the
members from New Jersey should be deprived
from voting on what was called here their own
case. HIe would leave it to their own good sense
to say whether they would vote upon it or not,
but he hoped they would not decline voting on ac-
count of any false delicacy. If they declined
voting on this case, he held that they would not ex-
hibit the same spirit which animated the Jerseymen
of the Revolution. If they did not maintain their
rights here, which were guarantied to them by the
Constitution of the United States, and the laws of
New Jersey, they would be unworthy of the confi-
dence of the people of New Jersey.
Mr. BRIGGS contended that it was not a usur-
pation on the part of the CHAIR in deciding who
were entitled to vote from the State of New Jersey.
Toe CHAtIR had answered the question of the gen-
tlemnan from Virginia as he was bound to do, and
he had answered it in strict accordance with the
Constitution and the laws. The CHAIRMAN had
not usurped the powers of the House, because he
had merely decided that which lie was bound to
decide, and which he could not escape from de-
ciding, namely, that the five members from New
Jersey who had the evidence of their right to seats
under the Constitution and the laws, were entitled
to vote on the present question.
Mr. GRANGER replied to the remarks of Mr.
VANDERPUEL, contending that those who had the
certificates of the Governor of New Jersey were
entitled to all the rights and privileges of mem-
bers of the House until their case uas examined
by a Committee of Elections, and decided upon by
the House. Mr. G. then referred to the case of
Alien and Fellows in the New York Legislature,
contending that it was precisely similar to the pre-
sent case, and stating that, at that time, the attor-
ney general of the State of New York held the
same opinion that the gentleman who held the
certificate was entitled to his seat, and he took his
seat and participated in the business of the Htou.e
until the Comnminttee of Elections decided against
him, although by his vote alone the party in power
-hsM thre pr-r nndterance.
Mr. CRAIG thought they were becoming more
involved in cdiiflaenltia every step. Let US turn as
we pleased, there was a stumbling block in our
way. Tie thought the proper mode of proceeding
would be to settle the question of right. Let us
liave all the evidence presented to us, and then we
can decide upon it according to the laws and the
facts. We might as well hear all the evidence in
the casec, and then decide it, for to that we would
have to come at last.
Mr. WISE thought if his colleague was ready
to decide this question now, he was one of the most
pow 'rful and extraordinary judges who had ever
decided on any question in this country.
Mr. CRAIG stated that he had not said that he
was ready to decide on the question now. The
course of proceeding he had suggested was to ex-
amine the evidence first, and then decide; and the


sooner that course was adopted, the better it
would be.
Mr. VWISE contended that they had no right to
examine into any thing further than the priumafacie
evidence under the Constitution and the laws, and
that it was not competent for the body at the pre-
sent time to enter into such an examination of the
question as was suggested by his colleague. The
House must first be organized, and the members
sworn, before they can center upon the discharge of
so important a judicial investigation as the one
proposed by his colleague. The members from
New Jersey had exhibited to the -louse prima Jacie
evidence of right, and could not be deprived of the
privilege of voting upon every question which
might arise.
Mr. W. said they had now got back into the
position to which he hadl predicted on Monday last
they must come; that was, that the presiding officer
must decide the question. Ite had told the CLERK
at that time that he would be bound to decide the
question as to who was entitled to rights on that
floor from Ne,!w Jersey, and the CLERK had only
escaped from making this decision by declaring
that he could make no decision. The pre-
sent Chairman, however, had decided the ques.
tion, and this had fulfilled his prediction
that it must be decided by the presiding
officer of the body. The CLERKj had decided that
he could put no question to the House, and the
House, from the lawof necessity, was compelled to
put some person in the. CHAIr who would put ques-
tions, and when the gentleman from Massachusetts
d(lclared that he would put the question to the body,
hope rose within him, and he saw that the House was
about to be relieved from its embarrassments. Mr.
W. proceeded to comment upon the course of pro-
ceeding, at some length, and concluded by eu-
logizing the conduct of the C'-airman for his efforts
to bring about an organization of the House.
Mr. FRANCIS THOMAS observed, that he
was very reluctant to take any part in this debate,
for he was sensible that very little new could be said
by any body on the subject; but yet he could not
sit tamely by and see it decided that the claimants


would do justice. I would give ithe seats to neither'
party for the present. But have we not the evi-
dence of the Governor himself, that the five gentle-
men to whom he gave his certificates did not, and
that the other five gentlemen did, receive a major.
ty of the popular vote? Did not the Governor, in
the labored argument lie made on the occasion, ex-
press his regret that the technicalities of the New
Jersey laws prohibited him from doing justice to the
gentlemen who had a majority of the popular vote,
and console himself with the belief that the Con-
gress of the United States, who would be bound
by no such restrictions, would, on hearing the evi-
dence, award to them their seats? Besides this
evidence of the Governor of New Jersey himself,
what other testimony is before us entitled to consi-
deration? We have the certificate of the Secretary
of State of New Jersey, verified by the broad seal
of the State, that he has in his office a file of the
original poll books of the elections, by which it
appears that these same gentlemen,whom this House
is called on to exclude, received a majority of the
popular vote.
Mr. T. said he knew that it had been averred
that illegal votes were given in the two election
districts, the returns of which were suppressed,
which, if deducted from the whole number of
votes given, would leave a majority of votes in
favor of those to whom the Governor awarded the
certificates. But, said Mr. T. the Governor him-
self, in the statement he has given, never said one
word about illegal votes, and that is not now the
question before the House. We are not now
about to decide upon the elections; we are about
to decide on the returns. Before the final question
as to illegal voting is determined, we must elect
our officers, that we may conveniently collect tes-
timony.
How do I, asked Mr. T. connect these remarks
with the question of order? The gentleman from
Virginia [Mr. Wisr] has offered a resolution that
five of the claimants from New Jersey shall be
treated as members. This resolution the gentle-
man from South Carolina [Mr. RIIETT] moved
to be laid on the table. The motion for lay-
ing the resolution on the table is, in effect,
as much a motion to reject it as it would
be if we had the proposition itself directly
before the House on its adoption. All these
rights, arising from an occupancy of seats on this
floor, are, therefore, involved in this question.
What are those rights? A member of Congress
has certain personal privileges, and when he has
taken his seat he has those personal rights to pro-
tect, as well as his political rights, which he shares
with his constituents. He need not dwell to enu-
merate those personal rights. They would occur
readily to every intelligent person. They were, pri-
vilege from arrest for debts, title, pay, and others
of like character, all of which were valua-
ble and protected by law. And yet gentlemen
not only contend that these rights and privi-
leges shall be secured to the parties by their
own votes in the first instance, but they tell us,
that when once sworn in, these Jersey candidates
are to assume such a position as to maintain their
seats, by their own votes throughout the session.
No one gentleman is to vote in -his own case. But
four of the New Jersey members might vote
upon the case of one of them as it arises; and thus
they are to elect a Speaker and other officers, and
afterwards reject or pass all the measures we are
to have before us. A more monstrous doctrine he
never before heard advanced. Mr. T. here al-
laded to the declarations made by the gentleman
from South Carolina, [Mr. TroMPsoN,] and said it
gave hinl pleasure to hear that gentleman declare,
that delicacy, as well as the feelings of a man of
honor, would prevent him from voting under these
circumstances, although he believed that the rule,
strictly construed, did not forbid it.
Mr. T. asked if any members could take the
Speaker's chair with that generous exultation which
ought to be fcft by any one called to preside over
such a body, if elected to it by such means. I
must protest, Mr. T. said, that the Chairman, (for
whom I must always manifest personal respect,)
has usurped power in this instance that does not be-
long to his office. He has undertaken to draw
this question within the vortex of order, and to de-
cide that which the House itself only can decide;
he has undertaken to throw the weight of his cha-
racter in the scale against us, and to determine
who shall be allowed to vote as members of this
-Housc. In conclusion, Mr. T. invited the mem-
bers to read the rule, and have the facts in view.
The facts are, that five gentlemen from New
Jersey claim seats on this floor, under the same
evidence, and the CHAIR decides that they can not
only vote for each other, but that each can vote for
himself. The rule is, that "no member shall vote
on any question, in the event of which he is imme-
diately and particularly interested. Now, if these
gentlemen have not an immediate, a particular,
and personal interest in obtaining seats on this
floor, then he could not conceive of a case to which
the rule would apply. He was in favor of requir-
ing all the claimants from New Jersey to stand
aside, as in such cases has always been done in the
Hou-e of Commons in England, till the questions
are decided in which they are partLcularly con-
cerned.
After some remarks from Messrs. HOFFMAN,
VANDERPOEL and WHITE, (which will be
given hereafter,)
Mr. DUNCAN observed that he understood


yesterday, that after the appointment of a chair-
man, the rules of the last House of Representa-
tives were adopted for the government of this
House for the time being. One of these rules re-
quired that the yeas and nays should be called al-
phabetically. Now he wished to know of the
CHAIR if the yeas and nays would be called if de-
manded, and how?
The CHAIR stated that the rule did not apply,
because the organization of the [House was not
completed. The yeas and nays, therefore, could
not be called.
Mr. DROMGOOLE then rose and gave notice
that, in case such a decision should be made in
the very teeth of the Constitution, which requires
that the yeas and nays shall be called when de-
sired by one-fifth of the members present, he should
take ail appeal from it.
Mr. DUNCAN then asked if there was not a
rule of the last House of Representatives which
prohibited a member from voting on any question
in which he is immediately and personally inte-
rested;" and if this rule, in the opinion of the
CHAIR, (lid not apply to the persons claiming seats
as Representatives from New Jeisey.
The CHAIR decided that the five niem-
bers from New Jersey, who were commit.
sioned by the Governor, were not prohibited from
voting under that rule. They themselves were not
immediately and personally interested; it was their
constituents only who were interested.
Mr. DUNCAN then observed, that if these cer-
tificates with the broad seal of New Jersey, en-
titled those holding them to vote, he would'ask
gentlemen,and the CHAIR particularly, what was to
be done with the certificates and broad seal of the
State of Pennsylvania, which certainly ought to be
as broad as the great seal of New Jersey.
In the case of the State of Pennsylvania, (said Mr.
D.) we have the certificates of two Governors, both
with the broad seal of the State, certifying
that two different persons [Mr. IN(EERSOLL and Mr.
NAYLOIt] are elected to represent the same district.
What are you to do, said Mr. D. in that case?


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EDWARD DYER, Congress.
Dec 5 Auctioneer. TERMS.


f AKE NOTICE.-Whoever it may concern,
r. will please take notice, that, as the under-
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during the winter, and transact his own business,
all agency vested by power of attorney in James
H. Caustin, esq. has now ceased, and the power
and agency is this day revoked.
Dec 4-3t H. L. THISTLE.

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and private parties; and it will give the leader
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be made to R. TRIAY,
Leader at the Marine Barracks.
Nov 30--tf 1
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avenue, have on hand, of the latest importations,
a large and general assortment of superfine Cloths,
Cassimeres, and Vestings, of the most fashionable
and approved patterns. Also, several pieces of
very superior Beaver Cloth, suitable for Frocks
and Over Coats, which they are prepared to make
up to order, in a style not to be surpassed by any
other establishment in the District of Columbia.
In addition to the above, they have for sale a
very great variety of fancy articles for gentlemens'
wear-such as English Silk, Merino, Lambs
Wool, Flannel, and Cotton Shirts and Drawers,
Buckskin Shirts, ready-made Linen and Cotton
1hiris, Blocks, Scarfs, Cravats, Handkerchiefs,
Suspenders, Gloves, Silk and Merino Hosiery,
Dressing Gowns, Umbrellas, &c. Members of
Congress, citizens and strangers are respectfully in-
vited to give us a call. Dec 2-3taw3w
A YOUNG, MERClHANT TAILOR, one door
A west of Brown's Hotel, respectfully informs
his friends and the public that he has now in store
a large and choice assortment of
CLOTHS, CASSIMERES AND VESTINGS.
Also a full supply of Fancy and Staple Goods, for
Gentlemen's wear. He invites his former patrons
in Congress, and strangers visiting the city, to give
him a call, as he is well prepared to execute their
orders at the shortest notice and in the latest style.
Nov. 22-3tawtlJanif
40l t REWARD.--Ranaway from the
4 U subscribers, living at Pomonkey Post
Oliice, Charles county, Maryland, on the night of
Thursday, 28th instant, two negroes-one named
G!EORGE, about 26 years of age, copper colored,
stutters, and is somewhat knockkneed. lie took
with him various clothing, the only article of
which recollected is a white hat. Also, a boy
about 19 years of age, named ADAM, somewhat
darker than George-clothing not recollected. It
is probable they will both keep together, as it is
presumed they have money, taken from a store-
room, which was broken open on the night they
left.
The above reward will be given for their appre-
hension and safe-keeping, so that we get them
again, and all reasonable expenses paid if brought
to us. HENRY M. HANNON.
WM. G. ROBEY.
Pomonkey Post Office, Charles county, Md.
Nov 31
C HINA, GLASS, AND EARTHENWARE.
j *-T[IOMAS PURSELL has received, by
the ships Virgini-a and Clifton, lately arrived from
Liverpool, and from other sources, seventy-one
packages of the above articles, in addition to his
importation by the ships Robert Pulsford and Po-
tomac, which makes his assortment extensive and
complete. All of which will be sold, wholesale and
retail, on as good terms and as low as at any other
establishment in the District.
He invites his friends, and the public generally,
to give him a call and examine for themselves, at
his store on Pennsylvania avenue, opposite Brown's
Hotel. THOSE. PURSELL.
Nov 29--eolrn

,''.UCKER & SON, MERChANT TAILO.S, two
doors East of Brown's Hotel, have com-
pleted their stock of fall goods, comprising as ex-
tensive and well assorted a collection of
CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, AND VESTINGS,
as was ever presented to the attention of the pub-
lic in this city.
For the information of members of Congress
and s:rangcrs visiting the city, it may be necessary
to state that this is the continuation of the cstablish-
mPent formprlv .ondni.tpd hv TIIkpr &r. Thnmnrnn


For one copy of the Congressional Globe, $1
One copy of the Appendix, $1
Six copies of either of the above works will be
sent for $5, twelve copies for $10; and a propor-
tionate number of copies for a larger sum.
Payments may be transmitted by mail, postage
paid, at our risk.
The notes of any incorporated bank in the
United States, current in the section of country
where a subscriber resides, will be received. But
when subscribers can procure the notes of banks in
the Northern and Middle States, they will please
send them.
To insure all the numbers, the subscriptions
should be here by the ninth of December next.
The Democratic papers with which we exchange
will please give this prospectus a few insertions.
DJI=Vo attention will be paid to any order unless
the money accompanies it.
BLAIR & RIVES.
Washington City, October 21, 1839-dtfif

L ACE VEILS, THREAD EDGINGS, &c.-
Just received by the subscriber, a large and
desirable lot of rich and low-priced black lace
Veils, thread and cambric Edgings and Insertings,
which will be sold low by
JAMES B. CLARKE,
Opposite Centre Market, and No. 2 from 8th street.
Dec 3-eo2tif
A PARLOR AND FOUR CHAMBERS, new-
ly furnished in the best manner, will be let
by the subscriber, during the ensuing session of
Congress, to a mess of four gentlemen, who will
find very comfortable accommodations.
Residence on New Jersey avenue, fourth house
south of the Capitol gate. PETER BRADY.
Dec 2-3t
FURNISHED ROOMS.--'he subscriber has
a large Parlor and two Chambers, neatly
furnished, which she wishes to rent for 'he session
of Congress, or a longer time. The rooms are over
Mr. Lewis Johnson's Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy
Store. Their central situation makes them a desi-
rable location to members, or other gentlemen hav-
ing business with the Departments.
Nov 29-eo3t* MARY ANN SHIELDS.
A MESS of four Members of Congress, and
their wives, can be accommodated with board
aad lodging, ,on application at the house adjoining
Dr. Sewall's, at the corner of 41 and C streets.
Those who may require them can be accommo-
dated with a good brick carriage house and stable.
Nov 30-(od3t

7TrO MEMBERS OF CONGRESV.---MM8.
' LAWRENSON respectfully offers for rent,
during the session of Congress, one, or two par.
lors connected, neatly furnished. Her house is
eligible situated on D street, about equidistant be-
tween the Intelligencer office and the Unitarian
Church, in the neighborhood of the principal ho-
tels and refectories, and at the same time sufficient-
ly remote to avoid the dust of the avenue.
Nov 30--3tMT&T [Intel].
HOES AND BOOTS.-The subscriber has
on hand, and is constantly receiving, a large
and general supply in the above line, consisting,
in part, of the following:
Ladies' fine water-proof India-rubber Walking
Shoes, plain and richly fur trimmed, a beautiful
article.
Gentlemen's fine finished water-proof India-rub-
ber Over Shoes, with leather soles, superior.
500 pairs Gentlemen's, Ladies' and Boys' gum-
elastic Over-Shoes, vety prime, and unusually low.
Ladies' splendid quilted Buslins, plain do.
Do Walking Shoes and Slippers, in great
variety.
Gentlemen's fine Dress Boots, French and Ame-
recan calf common and coarse do
Gentlemen's fine Dress Brogans, Shoes and
Pump m.
Gentlemen's Opera Pumpg, full dress, a new and
beautiful article.
Gentlemen's fine fur, seal, and scalet Caps.
Boys' do do do
Children's and Misses' Shoes and Pouts, in great
variety.
Gentlemen's gum-elastic water-proof Leggins,
an invaluable article for gentlemen who travel on
horseback.
Coarse Brogan,, men's and boys', in great va-
riety.
Nearly all the above, having been made et
pressly to order, for retail, at some of the best far-
tories in Philadelphia, New York, and the North,
are confidently offered to the public as conslitu'ing
one of the largest and best assortments in the Dis-
trict. A. COYLE.
Dec 4--e3t
l 1) lr n r OTTC r r, r-i-T < r im





,.i ../ F


TIHE GLBES.

CITY OF WASHINGTON.
9"SUPREMACY OF THE LAWS AND THE CONSTITUTION."

FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 6, 1839.

MR. GRAVES AND TIIE CLERK OF TIIE HOUSE.
Mr. GRAVES, who has been the principal mana-
ger for the persons smuggled under false paper
with a broad seal into the House, endeavored to
make an impression favorable to them, by putting
a supposed case to the CLERKI, which, as he knew
the CLERIK could not officially rescgnise the act of
the members acting unofficially, he knew could not-be
brought to the test. We believe that a majority of
the undisputed members will never, on investiga-
tion, give the seats to the holders of the false cer-
tificates. The Democratic members wish to bring
that matter to an issue, and have always been wvil-
ling to accede, in the character of Representatives,
to the proposition, whenever made, whether by
Mr. WISE, UNDERWOOD, or others. But the CLERK
could not respond otherwise than he did to a pro-
posal to make the individuals in the House, as pri-
vate persons, control him in his official duty.
The CLERK makes out his roll, according to law
and usage, on his responsibility. Can a majority
of men, purporting or professing to be members
of the House of Representatives, dictate to him
another roll? Such would not be his roll, as made
by him, but the roll of unofficial men; it may be
of members of Congress; it may b, of other citi-
zens also, called in to help out a majority. Such
might be the consequence, according to such a
proposition as that of Mr. GRAVES.
In every instance where Mr. GARLAND (the
Clerk) declined to put a question to the House, he
placed it upon the ground that he had been inter-
rupted before he had ascertained whether there
was a quorum or no.t; and that he would put que-
tions as soon as he had called over his roll, and
ascertained that there was a majority of all the
members present, but he could not put questions
until he was permitted to go through the roll.

THE NEW JERSEY CASE.
It has seemedd to us that many well-disposed
member:. of the House of Representatives are mis-
1:d by the importance they attach to evidence in this
case, without regard tofact.
THE FACT which entitles an individual to
take his seat as a member, is that he has received a
majority of the roles ACTUALLY GIVEN IN.
Thisfact, when established, is prima facie evidence
that he has been lawfully elected. It can only be
countervailed by proof that the majority is made up
of illegal votes.
Why have Governor's certificates or commis-
sions been heretofore received as evidence of a
member's right to a seat in the House ? Because
they announced thefact, that the persons holding
them have received a majority of the votes actually
given in. It has not in this country, until recently,
been deemed possible that public functionaries, re-
sponsible to the people, would dare to make public
documents affecting the most essential popular and
individual right, mere instruments to defeat the ob-
ject of the laws whence they derived their existence.
Between the judges of election and the House of
Representatives, there is no intermediate tribunal
v which has a right to expunge a vote from the polls.
The fact that the judges receive votes is primnaficie
evidence that they are legal. No power exists, but in
the HUus3 of Representatives, to receive evidence
or to decide that they are otherwise. Those whose
duty it is to forward the returns, such as the county
clerks, aid Go 'ernor and Council, in New Jersey,
have no r cw~r but to inform the Hiouse of Repre-
sentatives who had the mnjorify ofvoths actually gio.n.
But the clerks of two counties usurped the power to
go behind the returns, and revise the acts of the
judges of election. They withheld a part of the
vote actually given in, exercising a power which be-
longed exclusively to the House of Representatives.
The Governor and Council admit that thlry were
apprised of this usurpation, and it was the duty of
the Governor, by law, to send an express for the
votes not returned. This he omitted to do, and
proceeded to give the certificates to men who had


not, and who he knew had not, a majority of the
votes actually given.
These facts are shown by conclusive evidence now
before the House. They are not denied, but are
on every side admitted. Mr. RANDOLrH, the un-
contested member from New Jersey,in reply to a
question by Mr. CRAIG on Wednesday last, made
the following admission, viz:
"Mr. Randolph rose, and stated that the votes
of the people of these two districts were rejected,
because, a one instance, the judges of election had
received a large number of the votes of aliens,
and in the other case, they were rejected, because
they had not complied with the statute of the
State."
It is here admitted, that a mere ministerial officer,
whose only duty it was to forward the votes actu-
ally given, usurped the power to exclude the Votes
of Millville, the good as well as the bad, because,
as he alleged, there were alien votes amnsng them,
and the votes of South Amboy were also suppress-
ed, not because there was a bad vote among them,
but because, as the clerk alleged, one of the judges
was not duly constituted or qualified What was
the consequence? Why, Governor PENNIOGTON'S
certificates, with the "broad seal," are proved and
admitted to have been absolutely and knowingly
false, as to the fact which they were by law intended
to establish They do not show who had a ma-
jority of the votes actually given in, (leaving their
legality to be decided by the House,) which was
the only lawful object to be accomplished by them.
This proved, known, and admitted fact, nullifics
and destroys these certificates and makes them ut-
terly void. They do not accomplish the object in-
tended by the law, but can only be used to defeat it.
Suppose that, by the management cf ministerial
cflicers, the Governor had been induced to give the


a majority of the votes actually gteiv is conclusive;
the fact is not contested. They, therefore, and
not the holders of the false certificates, have the
prima facie evidence of being lawfully elected. And
if any persons are entitled to vote in the organiza-
tion of Ihe House, it must be those who have not
-rinmafacie only, but conclusive evidence that they
had a majority, of the votes. If any one deny that
fact, the House may inquire into it before the elec-
tion of Speaker, or afterwards, just as they please,
or it may admit them to vote, or not, in that elec-
tion. We do not contest the right of the House
to take its own time for the decision of the ques-
tion; but we do deny the right of that body to permit
men to vote who notoriously had not a majority of the
votes at the election, and have not produced the slightest
evidence that the real majority against_ them was made
up of illegal votes.

RIGHT ABOUT, FACE!
"Turn about, and wheel about, and jump Jim Crow."
We learn that the Federal Whig delegation in
Congress held a caucus on Sunday night last, in
which they adopted two resolutions to the following
effect, viz:
1. That Mr. CLAY could not get the vote of New
York for President in 1840.
2. That General SCOTT be recommended to the
Federal Whig Convention, held at Harrisburg on
Wednesday last, for nomination.
It is thought that the convention will have been
governed by this recommendation, and that Gen.
SCOTT is to be hereafter the sole candidate of the
Federal Whig Party.
Mr. CLAY, you may retire to Ashland and "hang
your harp upon the willows." You have served
your party too faithfully to be worthy of their
support.
Gen. lARRIrsoN, with what mockery have you
been treated! When there was a battle to fight,
your party took you for its leader. While victory
was perching on its banners, you were to be unce-
remoniously thrust aside to make way for Mr.
CLAY. And now, when they have another battle
to fight, behold, in contempt of your popularity,
your devotion and your feelings, they must have a
new leader in the person of another military chief-
tain!
Wherein, we should like to know, has GENE-
RAL SCOTT any higher claims upon the Federal
Whig party than GENERAL HARRISON? They
both bear the once odious character,in Whig estima-
tion, of "MILITARY CLIIEFrAIN;" but what
honor or honesty is there in a party which can so
readily abandon both its principles and its leaders?
If they can so far compromit their principles as to
make a military chieftain President, is there any
honor in abandoning an old chieftain for a new
one?
The people, too, are called upon, without reason,
to "turn about, and wheel about, and jump Jim
Crow." How many of the people, the constitu-
ents of the Harrisburg Convention, ever contem-
plated the nomination of Gen. SCOTT for President?
Not one in one thousand This is not a move-
ment of the people composing one of our great po-
litical parties, but of certain politicians. It does
not emanate from our farmers, mechanics, or mer-
chants; from our valleys, our plains, or our cities;
but from a little band of politician,; from a caucus-
room at Washington !
But hear, all )e people, HEAR AND OBEY!
You sent delegates to a convention to act under
your impulses; but they have been governed by
the dictation of a few politicians at Washington.
Eighteen members of Congress from New York
have undertaken to dictate a candidate to your
convention, and havc succeeded. It is not the
convention which have made the candidate, but the
caucus?
Will not all good VWhigs obey the mandate,
"turn about, wheel about, (nd jump Jim Crow?"

TIlE RICHMOND ENQUIRER
Comes to us in a new dress-new type, new
vignette, every thing new bat its principles, which
are thoroughly of tiie old Virginia school-of the
school of '98. The editor justly says, that it is the
cheapest paper in the Uniorn, if the labor in its pre-
,aration wore only considered. If estimated by
its utility, the disproportion between its price and
comparative value would be increased still more.


FOR THE GLOBE.
CONTESTED SEATS.
The followit-ig remarks are intended to be gene-
ral. If they should receive a personal application,
or be referred to an existing case, it is not my fault.
I deal with principles, not persons.
It is, I believe, a universal principle, and the
practice founded on it is equally universal, that
where the same right is contested by two persons,
and cannot bG enjoyed at the same time by both,
neither are legally authorized to take possession,
either by force, or in any other manner. A dis-
puted right is no right at all.
This rule annlies enuallv to claims to the noseps-


fHARItSBURaC, Dec. 4, 1839.
GENTLEMEN: The National Anti-Van Buren or
Federal Convention organized temporarily to-day,
by appointing Isaac C. Bates, of Mass. Chairman,
and C. B. Penrose, of back evidence memory, and
John Swift, ot Philadelphia, Secretaries. They
then called over a list of the delegates, beginning
at Maine and proceeding as in Congress. About
two hundred answered to their names. There are
several contested seats among the Pennsylvania
delegation, arising out of the separate action of the
Clay and Harrison men. The Whig convention,
which met at Chambersburg, recommended the
several districts to choose their delegates, but the
Harrison men, who seceded from that convention,
called what they termed a "union and harmony"
convention at Harrisburg, which, in order to se-
cure the voice of Pennsylvania for the "North
Bender," packed a full set for the State. Several
districts, not liking this process, have chosen their
own delegates and sent them on.
The questions arising upon these contested seats
have been postponed till after the organization of
the convention, and will then probably give rise to
considerable discussion, and try the strength of par-
ties. There does not yet appear to be any thing
like harmony among the delegates. A large ma-
jority of those from New York are for General
Scott, as they are satisfied that neither Clay nor
Harrison can stand any chance there against Mr.
Van Buren. Each party have more borers here
than delegates, a majority of whom are said to be
Harrison men, sent here by a club in Philadelphia.
The more sensible part of the convention are con-
vinced that they have no chance of success; but
ay they must keep up a national organization, in
order to hold their ground in the States which are
now with them-a matter almost as hopeless as
their electing a President. If I can get a slip from
the Federal papers, containing a list of delegates,
&c. before the mail closes, I will send it to you.
Gov. Porter's administration is becoming more
popular every day. His firm and straightforward
course, contrasted with the shuffling policy of his
imbecile predecessor, is gaining him friends among
the honest of all parties. He would now be elect-
ed by 50,000 majority over any Opposition man in
the State. Pennsylvania is safe for Mr. Van Bu-
ren in 1840 by a large majority over any man that
this Convention can nominate.
From the Pennsylvania Keystone.
FEDERAL NATIONAL CONVENTION.
Simultaneous with the anniversary of the "buck-
shot war"--a day eminently fatal to the hopes of
Federalism-comes the long looked for convocation
of Whig dignitaries, for the purpose of mixing, if
possible, the oil and waler of Federal Whigery,
and concentrating its discordant elements upon one
"available" for the Presidency of the United States.
This truly Herculean experiment takes place to-
day, in the Lutheran church, in this place. Up to
the period of our paper going to press (Tuesday
evening,) but few-very few-delegates, as we are
informed, have arrived in town, to cheer their
friends bly the light of their countenances, or strike
terror into the hearts of the Democracy by their
frowns; and unless we are to be blessed by succeed-
ing cars and stages with numerous fresh arrivals,
the game, we predict, will be worth considerably less
than the candle. Thus far, our recollection does
not call to mind any similar occasion that created
so little stir and interest in our goodly borough as
the present. We have known many a township
meeting which created double the sensation, and
was perhaps equally important in its results. It is
evident, however, from the indications already fur-
nished, that it is not in the multitude of coun-ellor:4
that Whigery can look to for the safety of its
cause, and that paucity of number in this instance
is perhaps rather a matter of congratulation, than a
misfortune. The few in attendance, we understand,
already present a worse than Babylonian confu-
sion, each one manifesting his spirit of indepen-
dence, by pulling in a direction contrary from the
rest. The friends of Harrison, as well as those of
Clay and Scott, appear to have been inspired with
a determination not to yield an inch of ground
the one to the other, and if it be true, that "coming
events cast their shadows before," we may antici-
pate something of a "rumpus" before the close of
their labors. A few Harrison "borers," delegated
by the far-famed "Tippecanoe club" of Philadel-
phia, are also in attendance, whose especial duty,
as prescribed by the terms of their commission, is
to assure delegates that "the nomination of Harri-
son is confidently expected by the people, and i'; a duty
which the party owes to that illustrious patriot, to
disregardd which would be a draft on popular for-
bearance that could not and would not be honored
or tolerated by a large portion of the freemen of
Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Ohio, and
Indiana," including, for aught we know, a consi-
derable portion of the territories of Wisconsin and
Iowa. To counteract the apprehended impres-
sions of these hired emissaries, we have, how-
ever, an official manifesto of the "Democratic
Whig Association (PhSbus, what a name!) of
the city and county of Philadelphia," duly authen-
ticated by o;e president, three vice presidents, and
two secretaries, declaring that the aforesaid borers,
as well as the association to which they stand
indebted for their rris-iou, "do not represent, nor
express, the sentiments and feelings of tire com-
munity in which they exnst"--expressive, a so,
of a determination to adhere through good and evil


report to the KentuckIy Clay, and of the hope, that
the lions composing lhe g and national menagerie,
will "judge and act for themselves, and their con-
stituents, without the aid, advice, or dictation of
either the Tippecanoe or any other club," that may
be placed in the hands of these self'-constituted
Hercules of Harrisonism.
With such "preliminary arrangements," and un-
der the influence of a state of "Union and Har-
mony" such as is here disclosed, the inflation of the
great Whig bubble commences we are told, at half
past ten o'clock this morning. Whether it shall
float in the air, to constitute for a brief time the
wonder and admiration of the experimenters who
brought it into existence, or whether it shall burst
during the process of inflation, remains to be told.
We shall probably, if we have nothing else to do,
announce to our readers the result in an extra.


sion of propetlly, or the seat in a church, or a legis-
lative body. If contested, it is no right, until con-.- s sad that t
firmed by the tribunal invested with the power of has Hbeen formally announce to Mr. is said that it
determining and enforcing it. So with a juryman: has been formally announced to Mr. Clay, that
if his qualifications are questioned, his capacity to New York could not support him. No wonder he
set in judgment on the rights and property of his usual
fellow-citizens must be established and recognized equanimity; for is this the "honorable discharge"
by the proper tribunal. So in every thing. It is which he had a right to expect from his political
the rule of common sense, as well as common jusfriend? It is added, that e met it with te remark,
tice, between man and man. that a band of men about Rochester had done that.
In the case of a member of the Supreme Legis- Our friends in Washington are in the best spirits.
lature of the United States, whose functions corn- The Whgs feel that they must be beaten-and we
bine the most important powers, and where a sin- should not be surprised, if, in a certain event, and
gle voice may decide the most weighty questions of in several quarters of the country, they will dis-
national policy, it is of the greatest consequence band their troops. It is said that great efforts are
that his rieht to do so should be unquestioned and making to obtain the nomination of General Scott
unq(ustionable. If he does not clearly represent a by the Harrisburg Convention, which met yester-
majority of his constituents, he is no more than a day. About the Old Dominion, we Confidenliy
private citizen, and can exercise no other rights say, that no nominee cf the Harrisburg Conven-
han what belong to ay oher citizen rpr- ion can obtain her vote. She will cling unaltera-
sents haimbelo, aod nobody else. bly to hercausc, to her principles, and to her Re-
He should not be permitted to take his seat publican candid.,te. There is no mistake about
amlgtshoul nhoe ripht s not equctioned, much it. Nor have we heard one single Repnblicanl of
amon- those vvho,e rig'ht not quc'liOncd much 4
less assume to spe.ik and vle on great questions of the large number who are IQW ii ihia city, express
public policy, and, h'cat of all, on questionJi in a single doubt about it.
which he is directly and personally interested, any We are happy to understand, that whilst dissen-
...ro ith,,n rn int,-.rIo, inr,.nn .i, i.., l q,;, sions and despondency have shown themselves in


EXTRACT FROM AN ADDRESS DELIVERED BEFORE
TIHE TWO LITERARY SOCIETIES OF TIlE UNI.
VERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA: BY TION. BED.
FORD BROWN.
Eminently favored by a bountiful Providence
with a country abounding in every thing necessary
to the comfort, subsistence and enjoyment of man,
and formed, as it is, on a scale of beauty, utility
and sublimity, no where surpassed, yet we are still
more highly favored by a system of Government
which, for the wisdom of its structure, the perfect
order and symmetry of all its parts, and the great
results that have distinguished its progress, has no
parallel in ancient or modern times. Reposing
on the broad and solid foundation of public virtue
and intelligence, and relying implicitly on their
efficiency and competency for success, a federal
system of Government has been erected, which, so
far as its functions are concerned, dispenses free-
dom and happiness over an almost boundless
extent of territory, and over near seventeen millions
of people. Moving beautifully and harmoniously
in concert with twenty-six State sovereignties, it
attends to objects of general concern, while they
constitute the depositories of those invaluable
reserved rights and domestic interests, which it
is their peculiar province to guard and protect. It
is this system of Federal and State Governments
which forms the beauty, as it does the strength, of
our form of Government. The great secret of
its success is to keep each from transcending its
proper bounds, and to keep each within its own
appropriate sphere. When either departs from its
track and invades the powers of the others,
collision is at once produced, and danger to the
system ensues. Hence the importance of pre-
serving to each that share of authority with which
they have been invested by the people and the
States; and hence the importance that their
principles should be examined and profoundly
investigated, in order to comprehend with accuracy
the nature and extent of the powers respectively
assigned to them.
Dating its establishment, as the Federal Govern-
ment does, fiorn a comparatively recent period,
and coming into existence, as it did, in the full
light of intelligence, its history is not enveloped in
the obscurity and uncertainty which greater
antiquity throws around those Governments which
are of more ancient origin. History, with a rare
and accurate fidelity, records the circumstances in
which the plan for its formation originated: the
necessity and causes which led to its adoption: and
the irresistible arguments by which they were
enforced. Talents of the highest order devoted
their energies, at that day, to its explanation and
vindication from the objections which were alleged
against it, and by that series of essays, written for
that purpose, and since published together, the
eminent men who contributed them have established,
by that act alone, if they had done nothing else,
the most solid and enduring monument of their
greatness and patriotism.
Notwithstanding, however, the lights which have
been shed on it from these and other sources, and
which may be said to eradiate its history, at every
step of its progress, yet there has been, and there
continues to exist, to this day, a marked diversity of
opinion among individuals, eminent alike for
integrity of purpose and for talents, as to extent of
many of its powers. Fortunately for the cause
of truth, for the true reading of the Constitution,
and for those who are about to commence their
researches on this interesting subject, a work will
soon see the light which must, to a great extent,
clear up what was become doubtful; remove what
was before considered uncertain; and reveal, more
distinctly, the true principles and character of our
Government. The debates which took place in
the convention which framed it, will be published
in the course of the present year, as taken down by
Mr. Madison. Among all of the illustrious men
who participated in that event, none enjoyed more
ample opportunities, and none was better fitted by
eminent talents and unsullied purity of character,
than himself, for the delicate and important task
which he understood. Coming before the world,
as it does, after the lapse of more than half a
century from the period in which the events
transpired, which attended the formation of the
Government, and after the passions and prejudices
have ceased to exist that sprung up amidst that
gigantic conflict of intellect, which that great
occasion called forth, it comes before us, from that
circumstance, which still higher claims to our
respect and reverence.
Not less important to the attainment of a
correct and comprehensive knowledge of our
Federal form of Government, are the works and
writings of Mr. Jefferson. No man who has
ever lived understood more perfectly its operation
and tendencies, and none has ever sketched then
with a more masterly and powerful hand. One of
the first scholars of the age in which he lived, and
unquestionably entitled to rank among the higi- e tf r
genius, he united in his writings a felicity of style
with a power of thought, which will be read alike
with the greatest profit, by the scholar as well as
those who are in pursuit of a true knowledge of
our form of Government. While the lives of
these illustrious champions of civil liberty present
a spectacle of moral beauty, rarely equalled, in
any age, by the close and cordial friendship which
united them far more than half a century, their
writings will ever continue to form the truest and
ablest expositions of that Government, to the lustre
and renown of which their loig and faithful


services so much contributed.
VIRGINIA.
The Virginia Legislature will soon be in session,
and there is a good deal of speculation as to the
result of the election of United Statea Senator.
The term of Mr. Rives expired last March, and
the Legislature of last year, after many days of
ineffectual voting, failed to make a choice. Mr.
Rives had been a professed Democrat, but becom-
ing dissatisfied because he was not made Vice
President, he furnished abundant evidence of his
unfitness for public confidence, by deserting, Arnold
like, his party and principles; and like that other
apostate, Burr, was taken up by his new friends as
their candidate. No man had been more bitterly
denounced. Mr. Leigh, the Federal leader, had
accused him of "moral turpiltde'" in voting for the
expunging resolutions, and it had been publicly
declared in the Federal Whig press of Virginia,
that the "detestable deed" could never be forgiven;
that "neither an Abolitionist or an expunger" co.ld
receive the vote of Virginia.
But mark the cornsisteacy pf this profligate party.
Within eight months the whole Federal representa-
tion in the Legislature, except fourteen, swallowed
their words-cast their professed principles behind
them.
We feel very confident that Mr. Itives cannot
be elected, a.pd are glad that such is the fact, be-
cause the moral principle involved in this base traf-
fic is, under the circumstances, more important
than the political results. The "Whigs,,' as they
style themselves, have exhibited a degeneracy and
profligacy in their efforts to purchase in apostale-,
that renders them despicable, and their conduct
will be censured by every lover of public virtue.
With them the highest qualification! fwv office is
perfidy, and the man vwha wiii sacrifice h's princi-
ples and ~cOray his party, is with them a favorite.
biach is the party which opposes the Administra-
tion of their cou:ntry.-Hartford Time,.
FLORIDA.
Accounts from St. Augustine to the S9th ult.


Prom the Richmond Enquirer, Dee. 3.
TO THE PUBLIC.
We come forward to redeem our engagements,
and this morning we present the Enquirer in an
entirely new dress. We have spared no pains, or
trouble, to improve its appearance. We have
procured a new press, new type, new cuts, at a
very considerable expense; and we appeal for our
remuneration to your justice and liberality. Shall
we appeal in vain? We have found it necessary
to make some change in the conditions of the
paper, as they are set forth in the first column of
the first page; and we must request our readers, in
justice to us as well as to themselves, to understand
and then to carry out our terms. Whilst many of
our cotemporaries are driven by bitter experience
of the evils of the credit system, to resort to the
cash system, we are compelled in a great degree to
imitate their example. After due notice, we
shall be under the necessity of striking the de-
linquents from our list. We call upon every
subscriber, then, in the most earnest and respectful
terms, to do us justice. How can the public ex-
pect the press to attain the activity, intelligence,
and dignity, which are so essential to its utility, if
it be denied a reasonable compensation for the
the labor it requires, the sacrifices which it imposes
upon its conductors? May we be excused for
urging in our own behalf, that we have been en-
gaged for more than thirty-five years, in one of
most arduous services to which a freeman can
be devoted; and does all this give us no legitimate
claim to the public support? We address ourselves
to a generous and an intelligent people, not only in
behalf of ourselves, but of all our brethren of the
press. They do not sleep upon beds of roses.
Their's is too often the bitter lot of toiling through
the day, and watching in the night, (as we do at
this moment at 4 o'clock in the morning;) and what
is woise, of too often toiling and watching for
others, who pocket their paper, and profit by their
labors, without adequate remuneration.
But we have no taste for querulous remarks.
We are accustomed to view things on the bright
side. The buoyant spirit with which a gracious
Providence has been pleased to bless us, turns
rather to the generous assistance which we have
received for so many years. Many and many a
subscriber has stood by us through good and
through evil report; compensated us for our labors,
and cheered us on to renewed exertions. We
should blush, after what we have said, if we did
not acknowledge the gratitude that we owe to our
country. But do we ask too much of our political
friends, when we request their assistance in extend-
ing the circulation of the Enquirer? We have no
copies of a prospectus to circulate, as we have
been some times requested to send them; but they
can render the same service in another form. They
can place the Enquirer in the hands of their neigh-
bors. If it has no other merit, it is among the
cheapest papers in the Union. There are many
parts of the State, in which the circulation might
be extended perhaps with some little advantage.
If our friends would only procure five subscribers
in each county, it would make a very respectable
and desirable addition to our subscription list. We
invite also advertisers into our columns; and will
promise them the most hospitable reception, and a
wide circulation.
The present is an important epoch in our politi-
cal annals. The Harrisburg Convention meets
this week, and threatens to bring out a strenuous
opposition to the present Administsation. The
Whigs are going to war to the knife, and to the
haft of the knife. All the great constitutional prin-
ciples for which Virginia has been struggling for
more than forty years, are again brought into issue.
We have to choose between Martin Van Buren
and the nominee of the Whig Convention-be-
tween him, who is a worthy exponent of the State
Rights principles of the Old Dominion, and him who
maintains a latitudinous construction of the Consti-
tution; the advocate of a National Bank, a na-
tional tariff, a national system of internal improve-
ments, and of a disguised, if not a direct, assump-
tion of the debts of the States. Can Virginians
long hesitate which of these to choose?
Nineteen years ago we had occasion to call the
public attention to the dangers which threatened
the Constitution. We then stated, that "when we
look to the original form of the Government, we
are struck with its novelty and beauty. It presents
to us one of the grandest experiments that ever was
made in politicalscience. We see in it an attempt
to ascertain, how far power could be so distributed
between two Governments, as to prevent an eaces-
sive concentration, and consequent abuse of it in one
set of hands, at the same time that so much power
was ccnve ed to each, as to enable them to accom-
plish the object to which each of them was best
adapted. The Federal Government was to watch
over our foreign relations; that of the States was
particularly to take care of our internal concerns.
The great secret was, to have these functions so
wisely regulated, as to prevent the General Go-
vernment from rushing into consolidation; and the
States, into a dissolution of the Union. The first
extreme would infallibly conduct us to great oppres-
sion, and probably to monarchy: the last would
subject us to insults and injuries from abroad,
to contentions and bloodshed at home. To avoid
these extremes, we should never have lost sight
of the true spirit of the Federal Constitution. To


interpret it wisely, we should have rigidly adhered
to the principle, laid down by George Clinton,
when he, from the chair of the Senate of the
United States, gave the casting voice against the
renewal of the first hank charter: 'In the course of
a long life, I have found that Government is not
to be strengthened by the assumption of doubtful
powers, but a visr and energetic execution of those
which are incontestable; the former never fails to
produce suspicion and distrust, whilst the latter in-
spires respect and confidence. If, however, on fair
experience, the powers 'vested in the Government
shall be fouwd incompetent to the attainment of the
objects for which it was instituted, tho Constitution
happily furnishes the means Jor remedying the evil by
amnendmen.' Wp repeat, for the thousandth time,
that tlins maxim deserves to be written in letters of
gold upon the wall of the Capitol at Washington."
When we laid down this fundamental principle
in 1820, we stated, that "the very sound of State
Rights is scarcely ever hoard among our sister
States; an4 hy many of their eminent politicir.;is,
(and we might have said by none more ',ian by the
talented Clay,) it is only heard to be mocked at."
But since that period a more brilliant prospect has
burst upon us. Thanks-o the energy of Andrew
Jackson, he arrested the National Bank, and set
limits to the wide spreading system of internal
improvements. The cause of State Rights was
eminently indebted to his genius-though a tempo-
rary alarm was produced by certain expressions in
tho proclamation, which were subsequently cleared
away by his authoritative exposition in the Globe.
Several Republicans, however, took the alarm, and
went off to the ranks of the Gpposition.
But the day of danger is again coming upon us,
and while uist of the Whigs are following the
foriuaes of an ultra-constructionist, others, the
Slate Rights Whigs, are forming a reunion with
the friends of the Administration. These politicians,
like ourselves, are devoted to a rigid interpretation
of the Federal Constitution. They adopt Mr. Madi-
vson's resolutions and report of '98-'99, as their law
and the prophets. They go, as well as we do,
against the monstrous progeny of national banks,
tariffs., internal improvements, which have been


paign. Put the Whigs into po*er, elect their
candidate to the Presidential chair, and then we
may bid adieu to a strict construction of the
Constitution. A National Bank of fifty mil-
lions or more will be saddled upon us for thirty-
five years or more. The public lands will be
diverted from general to local purposes. The
tariff must be increased to supply the vacuum.
The powers of education and internal improve-
ment will be usurped: the doctrine of the "gene-
ral welfare" will steal into precedent: and who
shall say to this infatuated party, "thus far shalt
thou go, and no farther?" As Mr. Madison's reso-
lutions declared in '98, this spirit is calculated "to
enlarge the powers (of the Federal Government)
by forced constructions of the constitutional char-
ter which defines them"-"to destroy the meaning
and effect of the particular enumeration which ne-
cessarily explains, and limits the general phrases,
and so to consolidate the State by degrees, into
one sovereignty, the obvious tendency and inevi-
table result of which would be, to transform the
present Republican system of the United States
into an absolute, or at best, a mixed monarchy."
Against such encroachments we, therefore, for'one,
lift up our voice and arm.
This strict construction is, of course, one of the
great pillars on which our liberty rests. There is
another. We must first prevent an unconstitution-
al assumption of the power of the States and the
people by the Federal Government. This is one
of the great laws of our political health. The
power must be so distributed as not to give too
much authority to the Federal Government, at the
expense of the States. But after the necessary
quantum of power has been given to that Govern-
ment, we must take care to prevent the dangerous
accumulation of it in the hands of one Department,
at the expense of the others. The conduct of the
Whigs in '34, was calculated to throw much power
into the Senate. The reaction threw too much of
it into the hands of the Executive. But when An-
drew Jackson deprecated the idea of too much
power and discretion being thrown into the Presi-
dent's hands-when Mr. Van Buren pursued
the same recommendation in one of his Messages,
they both laid down a principle which no free peo-
ple ought ever to forget. We must guard against
the augmentation of Executive power. This is the
solemn daty of every Republican. In this point of
view, as we are now likely to have the Independent
Treasury system, we call upon every member of
Congress to give no more power to the Executive
than is absolutely necessary to execute it, and to
guard against its abuses by the most judicious re-
strictions. In this point of view, also, the reader
will perceive at once the importance of the doctrine
of State Rights; for who does not see that
every assumption of power on the part of the
Federal Government, necessarily increases the
Executive power? Do you establish an Uni-
versity? Do you usurp any power over the
elementary schools? Do you push the National
arm into the region of internal improvements?
In fact, usurp whatever power you please,
is it not obvious that it must enlarge the Executive
power? You give them money to spend-and they
must have agents to execute the laws. You add to
the revenue, to the expenditures, the patronage of
the President. You assist to realize that portrait,
which the eloquent pen of Mr. Madison drew of
the Executive power, so many years' ago, under
the signature of Helvidius. The doctrines of State
Rights, therefore,is calculated in both ways to protect
the liberties of the people. It preventsan accumu-
lation of power in the Federal Government-and
of courre an undue enlargement of the Executive
Department.
There is one rule of action, which, in the opera-
tion of the Federal machinery, is at all times, and
especially in this epoch, essential to the public pros-
perity. Raise only as much revenue as is required
by the wants of Government, economically admi-
nistered. Thus only we lay a salutary check on
the extravagance of expenditure, and the excess
of power. We leave more treasure where it is
most profitable, in the chest of the States or in the
pockets of the people.
We have already detained our readers too long
by this rapid exposition of our political principles.
We call upon every Republican to unite with us
in firmly sustaining them. The broad line which
erst divided the Republicans from the Federalists
in the dny of John Adamg, is once more to be
drawn, broader and more distinct than ever. We
plant our standard on the Republican side; and
what Virginian will not unite in its defence?
8 W. HANDY, Manufacturer and Importer
Sor Hats and Caps, between Gadsby's and
Brown's Hotels. The winter fashions are received,
and money wanted badly. Dec 6--3t*
r's WIST-SILK FRINGE AND TASSELS.-
J Mrs. PARKER, having a Fringe-weaver
employed, can now furnish ladies with any quan-
tity or kind of Fringe for Mantillets, Dresses, Re-
ticules, and Aprons. Also, Tassels for Shawls,
Cloaks, VWork-bags, Aprons, &c.
Apply at PARKER'S Ornamental Hair Store,
between 9th and 10th streets, Penn. av.
Dec 6-3t
ORNAMENTAL HAIR MANUFACTORY,
between 9th and 10th streets, Pennsylvnia


avenue.-S. PARKER, having permanently esta-
blished the Ornamental and Plain Hair Manufac-
tory at the above location, would respectfully in-
form the ladies and strangers of Washington that
he is prepared to manufacture all kinds of plain
and ornamental hair work. Ladies will also find
at his store a large assortment of the most fashion-
able hair work already m.de up for sale, such as
frizettes, braids, curls, side plaits, &c. &c. with a
general assortment of fancy articles, combs, per-
fumery, artificial flowers, &c.
N. B. Mrs PARKER will attend to the ladies.
Dec 6-3t
INERAL WATERS-
Saratoga Water, in pints and quarts
Bedford Water, in bottles, bbls. and half
bbls.
Soda Water, bottled and from the fountain
Always on band at
Dec 6-3t TODD'S Drug Store.

T IHOMAS H. BOWEN, MERCHANT TAILOR,
one door east of the principal entrance to
Brown's Hotel, Pennsylvania avenue, has just re-
ceived his Winter Stock of Goods, amongst which
are :
Blue, Black, Olive, Brown, Green, and almost
every other variety of shade suitable for Dress and
Frock Coats.
Double-milled Brown, Black, and Polish Green,
for Overcoats.
Black, Blue, Brown, Rifle and Polish Green,
Beaver, and Asphalte Cloths, suitable for same.
Black, Blue, Paris-wear, Ribbed Diagonal,
Diamond Check, and other Cassimeres, for Panta-
loons.
Merino, Moleskin, Velvets, and Satins, for
Vests.
Together with Shirts, Drawers, (Silk, Buckskin,
Merino, Lambs wool, Linen, and Cotton,) Stocks,
Handkerchiefs, &c. making his stock complete, and
equal to any in the District.
T. H. B. would respectfully say to members of
Congress, citizens, and others, that the above men-
t;i/,, i (r,ilth o.C,,iPnorc nnd Vestinrs. will be


A Li NAtiLr.-..-'hat proAigate iraii of the BattE
of the United States, the Courier and Enquirer, in an
article of Tuesday last, relative to Mr. Pickens, of
South Carolina, has the following unmitigated
falsehood:
"It is amusing to review the high encomia that
are now lavished upon this gentleman by such
journals as the Richmond Enquirer, the New Era,
and the Washington Globe. But a few months
since 'traitor' and 'incendiary' was the most eulo-
gistic phrase that they could attach to his name."
Now so far as this paper is concerned, we do not
hesitate to say that the above assertion is totally
and absolutely void of all semblance of truth. It
is a wilful falsehood, maliciously uttered with the
foolish hope of dividing men united by the strong
band of principle. Mr. Pickens's name has never
been mentioned in our columns with remarks of
other than a most respectful, we might say enco-
miastical nature.-J-Vew Era.

F URNISHI-IED ROOMS.--A commodious
Parlor and Chamber, handsomely fur-
nished, and contiguous to a fashionable Restlaurat,
for rent. Inquire at the southeast corner of
Twelfth and F streets, next above Mr. King's Gal-
lery of Paintings. Dec 6-tf

FURNISHED ROOMS.-A parlor and two
chambers, comfortably furnished, and a few
doors west of Brown's Hotel, may be rented low
for the session of Congress.
Inquire at J. and W. YOUNG'S apothecary
store, a few doors east of Gadsby's Hotel.
Dec 6-3t
F OR RENT-an eligible House on Capitol
Hill, especially for a member of Congress.
The house adjoins Mrs. John Coyle's, on B street.
The Furniture may be had at a valuation, if de-
sired. Attached to the premises are a good stable
and garden, with a pump of excellent water in the
yard. For terms, apply to JOHN A. BLAKE, Auc-
tioneer, near to Clageit's, on Pennsylvania avenue.
Dec 6-3t
MRS. MOUNT has changed her residence to
Elliot's buildings, and has fitted up that
beautiful house for the reception of Boarders: the
apartments are spacious and comfortable; she
promises all who may favor her with a call the
greatest attention, and the best the market affords,
on terms the most reasonable. Dec 6 -3t

B OARDING.-MRS. BANNERMAN, Penn.
av. a few doors east of four and a half street,
in the House formerly occuyied by Mrs. Ballard,
has five or six good rooms, well furnished for the
reception of members; they are well calculated for
those who may have families. Terms moderate.
Dec 6-3t

T O LET, an excellent large stone Warehouse,
at the southern termination of 17th street
west, at the junction of the Chesapeake and Ohio
Canal with the basin of the 'Washington Canal and
Potomac river. The building has, for a number of
years, been occupied by the Quartermaster's De-
partment of the United States. Possession may be
had after the 31st instant, if seasonable application
be previously made. JOHN P. VAN NESS.
Dec 6-3t [Nat. Intel. & Mad.]

B OARDING.-A gentleman and lady, or two
B gentlemen, can be accommodated in a pri-
vate family on 12th street, between F and G streets.
The situation is pleasant, and the rooms comforta-
ble. For further information inquire of W. KIRK-
WOOD, corner of 12th street and Pennsylvania ave-
nue. Dec 6-3t
B BOARDING HOUSE.-Mrs. CONNOR's house
Sis yet unengaged. If required, the whole
house can be had for. families or single gentlemen.
It is a desirable location, situated on the north side
of Pennsylvania avenue, east of 41 str. et.
Dec 6-5t

L OOK HERE.-I have received a large con-
signment of first quality Clothing, such as
London twilled drab Cassimere, fine dark mixed
Cassinet, Fearnoughts of kersey, and moleskin
Pants, drab Pilot Cloth, Petersham, black lion skin
and flAushing Over-coats, ribbed and plain lamb's
wool Under-shirts and Drawers, elegant silk Vests,
&c. all of which are offered on as fair terms as they
can be bought in the Northern markets.
JOHN A. BLAKE,
Auct. and Commission Merchant,
Dec 6-3t Centre Market Space.
FIRST RATE CLOTHING, &c. AT AUC-
TION.-On Saturday evening, 7th instant,
at early candle light, at my auction room, opposite
Centre Market, will be sold, without reserve, a
large and elegant variety of Clothing, such as
Pants, Vests, Over-coats; lamb's wool Under-shirts,
various qualities; lamb's wool and Canton flannel
Drawers, &c. Also, splendid damask Table Cloth,
Diaper for table cloths, diaper Napkins and brown
linen Cloths; all of which are of good quality and-
open for inspection previous to the sale.
Dec 6-2t JOHN A. BLAKE, Auct.


L LARGE SILK UMBRELLAS.-Just re-
ceived at ALLENS',
100 30 and 32 inch Silk Umbrellas
200 French and Scorch Gingham do
50 dozen Satin, Merino, Velvet, and Bombasin
Stocks
100 do Gentlemen's Gloves, in great variety
100 do Merino, Wool, Worsted, and Cotton
Hosiery
20 do Merino, Lambswool, and Cotton Shirts
and Drawers
With a great variety of winter articles, for sale by
J. & G. F. ALLEN,
Pa. avenue, between 9th and 10th streets.
Dec 6-eo3t*

J B. GORMAN'S old established Temple of
0 Fortune and Prize Office, between Brown's
and Gadsby's, Pennsylvania avenue, Washington
City.
New Orleans Grand Real Estate Lotteries, Cald-
well and Oakley, Managers.
The first draws on the 31st December, 1839.
75 number Lottery-12 drawn ballots.
Capital, $150,000
1 prize of 40,000 1
1 do 35,000 .Real estate in New
1 do 25,000 Orleans.
1 do 18,000 I
1 do 14,000 J
And various prizes, from $12,000 down.
Tickets $10.

Grand Lottery of two millions of dollars, to be
drawn on the old plan of blanks and prizes.
First day's drawing Monday, Jan. 6, 1840--10,000
prizes.
CAPITALS.
$500,000, property now under a rent of $30,000
1 prize of $400,000, do do 30,000
1 do 150,000, do do 15,000
1 do 37,000, and prizes varying from
$32,000 down to $60.
Tickets $20.
The above lotteries will positively be drawn,










86'O PLANTERS .1-UIste awiber
zespettfully calls the attention of the cotton
Vr y a r peating cotton leaner or thri.heir,
ar Ki, gJbe leaves, sand, trash and dirty par
da rfrqm.-ed cotton, before it passes to the gin,
awy ~Ivyented by Jacob Idler, of Philadelphia, for
wiiich" e has received a patent.
I.is e r4l ,known that the price of, cotton, is in
yropolriwn to its cleanliness and quality; if the early
q 4ftt picking- has many broken, dead leaves and,
smaUll ashy particles in it, it is worth, according to
tde greater or less quantity it contains, from Ii to
4 oepts li.s than that which is clean and free of i.
k It is also well known to the skilful, planter, that
aaws .will carry. the ,piineipa|i part of the dead-
,eaves, dirt and small trashy particles through with
he cotton, and a. eord) g te. the greater or less
quantity in it fiis theprice ofthe cotton. The first
picking clear of leaves and trashy particles is term-o
ed fir,t quality; that partly leaves and trash, second
quality; aud that which contains still more :leaves
and trash, third and'fourhb. To pick tkle leaves
*and trash-out of it.by hand is an endless task, and
answers only a small purpose, and, no planter can
apare that time. After cotton is'hand picked it is
thrown on the floor it, the gin-house, and all the
tr.ahy particles will adhere to it. This difficulty
and losses in quality are now overcome by this cot-
on cleanter.
The repeating cotton cleaner is a strong, com-
pact, iron framed machine, as long as the gin
stand. It is set on the floor in the cotton loft above
tI gii'n, so placed as to throw thbs cleaned cotton
wn into the hopper of the gin. It runs very
light, with a slack band of 4 or 5 inches, drove by
he same drum which drives the gin, and the same
speed; but if preferred, by a separate drum.
This machine makes the cotton so loose and live .
lythat the gin tuns much lighter, and gins about
one-third faster than it will with cotton in its raw
unprepared state, as it comes from, the field; and
O'wing to the looseness of the cotton after it has
bcen cleaned of the trash, it was fully ascertained
that it required rather less power to drive the clean-
er and the gin than it did to gin the cotton in its raw
uncleaned state; the cotton being so loose and lively
the roll seldom breaks, and gives less trouble to
feed the gin.
The beneficial effect on cotton by this repeating
cleaner has been amply tested on the plantations of
P. M. Lapice, esq. in Concordia, opposite Natchez,
one of the ablest and most skilful planters. He
gave it the first trial, and had reserved above 7000
pounds of partially trashy seed cotton, and to piuve
the effect of this machine he weighed off two equal
parcels; one he ginned on one of his seventy-saw
gins, in its raw state by itself, and the other was
passed through the cleaning machine and ginned
on the same gin; and to prove its effect still further,
he had some of the late cotton remaining in the
field in February last, and that which was thrown
about on the ground by the wind and rains, gath-
ered in the dirty state it was. He had also some
of that ginned in the raw state and kept separate,
and the rest was passed through the cleaner. The
difference between the two was great, and proved
that the cotton which was passed through the clean-
er was so well cleaned of the dead leaves, dirt and
small trashy particles, and made it a cle.', fnir
cotton compared to that which was ginned in the
usual raw state.
In consequence of these trials he ordered two
m ire to be made for his use, and orders from others.
On the strength of these trials, J. KE. Davis, esq.
near Warrenton, Mi. a very eminent planter, got
two of said machines, as he had a part of his
clean and early picked seed cotton unginned,
about 100,000 pounds, aind to convince him-
self of the difference it would make in the early and
clean picked cotton he had some ginned separate
in the state 'it was, and the same quantity
passed through the cleaning machine and ginned
on the same gin; the difference of the cleanness of
that which had been passed through the clearing
machine, was much greater than was expected in the
early clean picked cotton. The inventor was pre-
sent to see 24 bales ginned; by showing the sam-
ples to some of the best judges at New Orleans,
they made a difference of two cents in favor of
that which had passed through said cleaner; and
with the late picking or inferior trashy cotton, and
that which has been beaten on the ground by
rains and storms, the difference will be proportion-
ably greater, and all that class can now be made a
fair merchantable article with this machine. An-
other advantage to planters is in piekingFth eottm,
particularly the latter part of thle crop; they need
not to be so particular of picking it clean of the
trashy particles, as this machine will clean it out;
^i they can therefore pick much faster, and get it out
of the field three or four weeks sooner. -
There has been various kinds of thrashing ma-
chines, but all twist the cotton and clean but little
per day, and that only partially; but this repeating
cleaner cannot twist or hurt the cotton the least,
as it gives only a tossing up and forward and back-
ward motion.
This machine will also answer a good purpose for
those who re-press cotton, as all the outside of the
bales which get muddy and wet; when taken off
and dried, this machine will clean it and put it in
a loose state, and make it a useful article.
They are made of different sizes, some right and
some left hand, to suit a right or left hand gin; they


are very strong, and not liable to get out of order
when managed by the most awkward negro; they are
simply set plumb and straight on the floor in the
cotton loft over the gin, or on two short pieces of
4 or 6 inch scantling laid on the floor, soplaced as to
receive the band, and that the cotton can drop or
slide down to the gin. To feed the cleaner is light
work for a weak steady hand; the operation is
simple; he fills a long trough or measure moderate-
ly full with seed cotton, and throws it into the hop-
per of the cleaner, and after the cotton has revolved
for about two seconds, according to the trashiness of
the cotton, he then draws a string by a ring to
catch into a book, which opens the front door,
and the cleaned cotton passes out said door, and
the dead leaves, dirt, and trashy particles has pass-
ed through open grates and selves down under the
cleaner; boxes may be put there to receive it, and
during the time the cleaned cotton passes out, he
fills his trough again, and as soon as it has passed
out, he unhooks the ring which shuts again the
front door; at the same time he throws in the next
trough full, but not before the previous one has
passed out, because if two troughs" full are in at
one time, the cotton has in that case not room
enough to be cleaned well of leaves, trash, &c. and
so he continues regularly, by putting in a trough full
at a time. The cleaners are cased in so close that
the person who feeds them has less dust than by gin-
ning raw cotton; the dust is drove down into the
magazine, under the cleaner into boxes; by ap-
plying a flue all will pass down through it.
The cotton ought to be well dried; the drier it is
the better it will clean off the leaves and trashy par-
ticles from it; it takes out all the dead leaves, ex-
cept some small flakes, where the cotton has
wrapped itself completely around it, or enveloped
it. These few pass out with the cotton; their num-
ber being so small, and having been crumbled by the
motion, the most of them pass off with the seeds in
ginning.
When the. seed cotton. is put into the feeding
trough, nails, or any hard substance to injure the
gin saws is discovered. And after the cotton has
pas:.ed through said cleaner, it is loose and lively, in
separate small locks; in this state, the saws can


William Idler, Philadelphia, Willow street, first
door below 6th street.
Aog' 3-sw6m WILtIAM IDLE.
A"C OTTON GiriS.-Metal CylinderCotiouhins,
''j with the latest improvements, manufactured
by Wm. Idler, of Philadelphia, in Wtllowstreet, first
dor below Sixth street. It is well, known that the
cylinder on which the .aws are fastened and fixture
of gin ribs are the most..evenuial parts of a gin.
The saws have heretofore.een fastened in wood,
in different ways, but the shrinking and giving of
the wood in dry weather,, and expanding in damp,
cause tbh saws o 'deviate more or less. For this
reason mandy6 not pass in the centre of the space
between the gin ribs, and pass too near on one or
ihe other side of the gin ribs, which naps the cot-
ton in passing, and forces it into the teeth of the
.,raws, and causes, the many little knots, which soon
ruins the gin and hurts the cotton. This difficulty,
which injures the cotton and the gin, is now over-
come by the metal cylinder. The whole fixture of
the saw cylinder is metal, with strong shafts, best
polished cast steel saws of entire circles, fastened
by a newly constructed metal segment, with bear-
ings of a particular construction, and a shaft which
causes the saws to keep alweay s azaight, and pre-
vents them from buckling by rainsn, invented by
Jacob Idler, for which he retiwved a patent. The
saws cannot vary the leas t ,ti must pass directly
in the centre of the sp,4twc between the gin ribs;
every saw must do its d-ui, and cannot nap of
hurt the cotton; and, t:.ocefore gin faster and
make good cotton, &asi last for a long time, as
every part is strong a "i "f the best materials, with
movable boxes to ., it to any one's taste. As
soon as the gin i'os begin to be worn, the cylinder
can easily be raised one-fourth of an inch, and set
as before, in order to change the passage for the
cotton between the ribs a little above or below the
former worn place, and the ribs will last three
times longer than the old way. The brush shaft is
made to traverse a little, and does not strike the
saws always at one fixed point, and lasts much
longer. When the brushes are much worn they
can be clipped with a straight edge, and the brushes
moved forwards; and, as they have moveable boxes,
will then answer the same as new ones. The
boxes have oil caps, which prevent the danger of
fire by friction.
Also, Hand Gins, from eighteen to twenty saws,
to suit the South American market.
Also, improved Iron Portable Horse Power to
drive gins, so constructed that it can be placed in
or outside the gia house, as the weather has no
effect on it; it takes a lever from nine to fourteen
feet, can be set up or taken down in a few hours;
no part weighs more than two hundred and thirty
pounds, and can be carried by mules over a moun-
tainous country.
Also, Portable Iron and Wooden Presses, to
pack cotton into small bales, to suit the South
American and West India markets. No part
weighs more than a mule can carry. Also, large
Presses.
The subscriber has many certificates and letters
from those who have the gins, &c. in use.
Aug 3-sw6m* 5 WILLIAM IDLER.

POSTPONEMENT OF PUBLIC LAND
SALES ORDERED AT BURLINGTON,
IN THE TERRITORY OF IOWA.-Notice is
hereby given, that the public sale of lands ordered
to take place at Burlington, in the Territory of
Iowa, commencing on Monday, the fourth day of
November next, by proclamation of the President
of the United States, bearing date the second day
of July last, is declared to be postponed until, and
will commence on, Monday, the ninth day of March
next.
Notice is also given that the sale of the follow-
ing described lands, ordered by the same procla-
mation to commence on Monday, the twenty-first
day of October next, is declared to be postponed
until, and will commence on, Monday, the twenty-
third day of March next, viz:
JNorth of the base line and east of the fifth principal
meridian.
Fractional township seventy-seven, of ranges
one, two, and three.
NNorth of the base line and west of the fifth principal
meridian.
The fractional township six, in fractional town-
ship seventy; fractional townships seventy-one, se-
venty-two, seventy-three, and the fractional section
range one.
Fractional townships sixty-eight, sixty-nine, and
seventy; township seventy-three, and fractional
townships seventy-four, seventy-five, and seven-
ty-six, of range tyo.
Fractional township sixty-eight, townships seven-
ty-one, seventy-three, and seventy-four, of range
three.
Fractional township sixty-seven, and townships
sixty-eight, seventy-four, seventy-five, seventy-six,
and seventy-seven, of range four.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington,
this 27th day of September, anno Domini 1839.
M. VAN BUREN.
By the President:
JAMES WHITCOMB,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Sept 28th-dtf


FOREIGN PERFUMERY.-W. FISCHER
has just opened a very extensive assortment
of choice English and French Perfumery, consist-
ing in part of the genuine Fiench Ferina Cologne,
Lubin's double Ambre, Eau de Toilett, Guerlain's
Ambrosial Shaving Cream, Naples and every other
highly perfumed Soaps for shaving and the toilet,
Ox Marrow, Cowslip, Cedrat, Orange, Rose,
and other odoriferous Pomatums, French Extracts
for the handkerchief, upwards of thirty various
kinds, of exquisite flavor; Grandjean's supe-
rior Composition for the Hair; Macassar,
Ward's, Kennedy's, and other Oils for the same;
Cold Cream, Bear's Grease, Cream of Almonds,
Rowland's Kalydor, Gowland's Lotion, Lip Salve,
Rouge, Perfumed Bags, Pearl Powder, Hair
Powder, Tooth Powder, and every other requisite
article for ladies' or gentlemen's toilet, is constantly
kept for sale at reasonable and uniform prices, at
the old established store, "Stationers' Hall," two
doors east of the city Post Office.
Nov 26

EW STATIONERY & FANCY GOODS.
W. FISCHER has just returned from New
York, where he has been purchasing very exten-
sive supplies of superior Stationery, Perfunaery,
Fancy Goods, and Music, embracing articles of
every description in his line. To a due apprecia-
tion of his stock, and of the qualities of ihe articles,
an inspection will be necessary, which he re-
spectfully invites at Stationers' Hall, where a
strict uniformity of dealing is observed. Nov 14

CAPITOL OF THE UNITED STATES.-
A beautiful and accurate view of this mag-
nificent building, drawn by W. A. Pratt, Rural
Architect, and lithographed by the celebrated Fen-
derich, has been just published by the subscriber,
and is for sale by him at Stationer's Hall, and at
the undermentioned places: Messrs. T. Palmer and
Co. Baltimore; Mr. E. Robinson, and Messrs.
Natt and Son, Chestnut street, Philadelphia; Mr.
Coleman, Broadway, and Mr. J. K. Herrick,
Dfl Rtr-Qr nt N V-nrlt1. nn., n Tc;-h T nrni


BY THEl PteSblUN ? T orE 1TM 1BUB g1ATES.
IN pursuance of law,. I, MARTIN VAN BU!-
REN, President of the United States of Ameri-
ca, do hereby declare and make known, that
public sales will be held at the undermentioned
land offices in the State of Louisiana, at the pe-
riods hereinafter designated, to wit:
At the land office at Ouachita, commencing on
Monday, the thirteenth day of January next, for
the disposal of the unappropriated, vacant, public
lands to which no "private claims" are alleged un-
dtr existing laws, within the limits of the under-
mentioned townships north of Red river, viz:
.North of the 310 of latitude and east of the meridian.
Townships five and six, of range six.
Townships eleven and twelve, of range nine.
Townships eleven and twelve, of range ten.
At the land office at Natchitoches, for the north-
western district of Louisiana, commencing on Mon-
day, the twenty-seventh day of January next, for
the disposal of the unappropriated, vacant, public
lands, to which no "private claims" are alleged
under existing laws, within the limits of the un.er-
mentioned townships, to wit:
.North of the 31 of latitude, and west of the meridian.
Township nineteen, of range twelve.
Townships eighteen, nineteen, twenty, twenty-
two, and twenty-three, of range fifteen.
Townships twenty, twenty-two and twenty-three,
of range sixteen.
Lands appropriated by law for .the use of schools,
military, or other purposes, will be excluded from
sale.
The sales will each be kept open for two weeks
(unless the lands are sooner disposed of) and no
longer; and no private entries of land in the town-
ships so offered will be admitted until after the
expiration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington,
this twentieth day of September, anno Domini
one thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine.
M. VAN BUREN.
By the President:
JAMES WHITCOMB,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.

NOTICE TO PRE-EMPTICN CLAIMANTS.
Every person claiming the right ot pre-tmptien
to any of the lands designated in the alcve
proclamation, is requested to prove the same
to the satisfaction of the Register and Receiver
of the proper land office, and make payment there-
for as soon as practicable after seeing this notice, in or-
der that the claim may be adjudicated by those offi-
cers agreeably to law, in due time, prior to the day
appointed for the commencement of the public
sale; and all claims not duly made known and
paid for prior to the date aforesaid, are declared
by law to be forfeited.
JAS. WHITCOMB,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Sept 25-IawtJ13


BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
IN pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU
REN, President of the United States of Ame-
rica, do hereby declare and make known that
a public sale will be held at the land office at
Chicago, in the State of Illinois, on Monday, the
twenty-seventh day of January next, for the dis-
posal of the public lands within the limits of the
undermentioned townships, to wit:
Vorth of the base line, and east of the third principal
meridian.
Townships forty-three and forty-four, and town-
ship forty-six except sections six, seven and eigh-
teen, the surveys of which are incomplete, of range
four.
Townships forty-two, forty-three, forty-four and
forty-six, of range five.
Lands appropriated by law, for the use of
schools, military, or other purposes, will be exclud-
ed from sale.
The sale will be kept open for two weeks,
[unless the lands are sooner disposed of,] and no
longer; and no private entries of land in the town-
ships so offered will be admitted until after t'ie ex-
piration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington,
this twentieth day of September, anno Domini,
1839. M. VAN BUREN,
By the President:
JAMES WHITCOMB,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.

QTICE, .TO ..PRE-E.MPTION CLAIMANTS.
Every person claiming the right of pre-emlption
to any of the lands designated in the above procla-
mation, is requested to prove the same to the satis-
faction of the Register and Receiver of the
land office, and make payment therefore as soon as
practicable after seeing this notice, in order that the
claim may be adjudicated by those officers agreea-
bly to law, in due time prior to the day appointed
for the commencement of the public sale; and all
claims not duly made known and paid for prior to
the date aforesaid, are declared by law to be for-
feited. JAS. WHITCOMB,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Sept 24-wt27thJan
BY THE FAESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
IN pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
REN, President of the United States of Ameri-
ca, do hereby declare and make known, that public
sales will be held at the undermenttioned land offices
in the State of Missouri, at the periods hereinafter
designated, to wit:
At the land office at Fayette, commencing on
Monday, the thirteenth day of January next, for the
disposal of the public lands within the limits of the
undermentioned townships, to wit:
.North of the base line and west of the fifth principal
meridian.
Township fifty-nine, of range fourteen.
Township fifty-nine, of range fifteen.
Townships fifty-nine, sixty, and sixty-one, of
range sixteen.
Townships fifty-nine and sixty, of range twenty-
two.


Townships fifty-nine and sixty, of range twenty-
three.
At the land office at Lexington, commencing on
Monday, the twenty-seventh day of January next,
for the disposal of the public lands within the limits
of the undermentioned townships, to wit:
JNorlth of the base line and west of the fifth principal
meridian.
Township fifty-eight, except the west half of sec-
tion two, the southwest quarter of section three,
the southeast quarter of section nine, the north half
and southwest quarter of section ten, the northwest
quarter of section eleven, the west halt' of section
fifteen, the east half of section twenty, the north
half and southwest quarter of section twenty-one,
the west half of section twenty-eight, the east half
and southwest quarter of section twenty-nine, the
north half and southeast quarter of section thirty-
two, and the west half ol section thirty-thiee, of
range twenty-four.
Township fifty-nine, except the west half of sec-
tion four, the northeast quarter of section five, the
west half of section nine, the east half of section
twenty-one, the west half of section twenty-two, the
southwest quarter of sectioh twenty-six, the south
half and northwest quarter of section twenty-seven,
the northeast quarter of section thirty-four, and the
west half of section thirty-five, of range twenty-
four.
Township sixty, except section eight, the noith
half and southeast quarter of section seventeen,


ny THI k st NT 6frm 4 t UNITED states. -
IN pursuaiee of law, $I MARTIN VAN BU-
REN, Pruident of the rUnited States of Ame-
rica, do heresy declare and make known, that
public sales *ill be held at the undermentioned
land offices, io the State of Arkansas, at the pe-
riods hereinaiter designated, to wit:
At the land office at Batesville, commencing on
Monday, the twenty-fourth day of February next,
for the disposal of the public lands within the
limits of the undermentioned townships and frac-
tional townshipS, to wit:
.North of the base line and east of the fifth principal
meridian.
Township seventeen, of range one.
Township nine, of range two.
Townships seventeen and twenty-one, except the
northern tier of sections in twenty-one, of range
four.
Townships sixteen and seventeen, of range five.
.North of the base line, and west of the fifth principal
meridian.
Township sixteen, of range one.
Township sixteen, of range two.
Fractional township ten, north of the old Chero-
kee boundary line, and fractional township fifteen,
lying west of White river, of range eleven.
Townships fourteen and fifteen, of range sixteen.
Township fourteen, of range seventeen.
At the land office at Fayetteville, commencing
on Monday, the second day of March next, for the
disposal of the public lands within the limits of the
undermentioned townships and fractional town-
ships, viz:
North of the base line and west of the fifth principal
meridian.
Fractional township twenty-one, lying south of
White river, of range eighteen.
Township seventeen, of range twenty.
Townships eighteen and nineteen, of range
twenty-one.
Townships seventeen and eighteen, of range
twenty-two.
Townfships sixteen and seventeen, of range
twenty-six.
Township eighteen, of range thirty.
Townships twelve, thirteen and eighteen, of
range thirty-two.
Fractional township thirteen, and townships
eighteen and nineteen, of range thirty-three.
At the land office at Washington, commencing
on Monday, the twenty-fourth day of February
next, for the disposal of the public lands within the
limits of the undermentioned townships and frac-
tional townships, to wit:
South of the base line and west of the fifth principal
meridian.
Township eight, of range twenty-five.
Township eight, of range twenty-six.
Township eight, and fractional township four-
teen, on the north side of Red river, of range twen-
ty-seven.
Township eleven, of range thirty.
Townships ten and thirteen, of range thirty-one.
Township twelve, of range thirty-two.
At the land office at Johnson Court-house, com-
mencing on Monday, the ninth day of March next,
for the disposal of the public lands within the limits
of the undermentioned townships and fractional
townships, to wit:
.North of the base line, and west of the fifth principal
meridian.
Township six, of range twenty-two.
Fractional township nine, north of Arkansas
river, of sane thirty-two.
Township ten, of range twenty-three.
Township ten, of range twenty-five.
Township eleven, of range thirty-two.
At the land office at Little Rock, commencing on
Monday, the sixteenth day of March next, for the
disposal of the public lands within the limits of the
following township,, to wit:
AJorth of the base line and west of the fifth principal
meridian.
Township six, of range fifteen.
South of the base line, and west of the fifth principal
meridian.
Township fifteen, of range eight.
Township three, of range seventeen.
At the land office at Helena, commencing on
Monday, ihe twenty-third day of March next, for
the disposal of the public lands within the limits of
the following township and fractional township,
to wit:
Sil4 ef4he base line, and west of the fifth prinein l
meridian.
Township ten, except sections one, five, six,
seven, eight, twelve, thirteen, seventeen, twenty-
four, twenty five, and thirty-six, of range one.
The fraction of township sixteen, lying east of
Old River lake, of range two.
Laads appropriated by law for the use ofschools,
military or other purposes, will be excluded from
sale.
The sales will each be kept open for two
weeks, (unless the lands are sooner disposed of,)
and no longer; and no private entries of lands in the
townships so offered, will be admitted until after
the expiration of the two weeks.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washing-
ton, this sixteenth day of November, anno Domini
1839.
M. VAN BUREN.


By the President:
JAMES WHIITCOMB,
CommissioAsr of t'e General Land Office.


NOTICE TO PRE-EMPTION CLAIMANTS.
Every person claiming the right of pre-emption
to any of the lands designated in the above procla-
maticn, is requested to prove the same to the satis-
faction of the Register and Receiver of the proper
l-ileid oiice, and make payment therefore as soon as
practicable after seeing this notice, in order that the
claim may be adjudicated by those officers agreea-
bly to law, in due time, prior to the day appointed
for the commencement of the public sale; and all
claims not duly made known and paid for prior to
the date aforesaid, are declared by law to be for-
feited. JAS. WHITCOMB,
Commissioner of the General Land Office.
Nov. 18-lawt23March

BY TIIE PRESIDENT OF TIIE UNITED STATES.
I N pursuance of law, I, MARTIN VAN BU-
REN, President of the United States of Ame-
rica, do hereby declare and make known that a
public sale will be held at the land office at
Springfield, in the tate of Missouri, commencing
on Monday, the second day of March next, for the
disposal of the public lands within the limits of the
undermentioned townships, to wit:
.A'orth of the base line, and west of the fifth principal
meridian.
Township thirty-six, of range eleven.
Township thirty-five, of range twelve.
Township thirty-nine of range fourteen.
Township thirty-eight, of range fifteen.
Township thirty-seven, of range sixteen.
Township thirty-nine, of range seventeen.
Township thirty-nine, of range eighteen.
Township thirty-six, of range nineteen.
Township twenty-seven, of range twenty.
Township twenty-eight, of range twenty-one.
Township thirty, of range twenty-six.
Township thirty-.'oar, of range twenty-seven.
Township thihty-six, of range twenty-eight.
Township thirty-five, of range twenty-nine.
Township twenty-nine, of range thirty,


T0O PERSONS AFFLICTED WITH RHTJE.
S MATISM.--No medicine ever yet introdu-
c to the public for this painful complaint, has
been more generally successful, and become more
justly celebrated, than JEBB'S RHEUMATIC
LINIMENT. It is openly and highly commended
by many physicians of the first eminence. The re-
lief it has afforded the suffering, has induced manly
to volunteer the proprietor testimonials, such as the
following:
From the .New Jersey advocate at Rahway.
RHEUMATISM.-As those who suffer with this dis-
ease eagerly seek relief by applying the various
remedies suggested by their friends, we would take
this method of recommending to those so afflicted
Jebb's Liniment, prepared by Mr. Kidder, of Bos-
ton. Having experienced "ocular demonstration"
of its superior efficacy, after being confined to the
bed for several weeks at a time, for two years, with-
out the use of our limbs, we have no hesitation in
saying that three bottles of this liniment effected a
cure. We were particular, however, to strictly fol-
low directions, a rule which should be observed by.
all who have occasion to use it.
From a respectable druggist of this city, (Boston.)
Ma. KIDDER: Dear Sir: Having had frequent op-
portunities for the last eight years of witnessing the
good effect of your Jebb's Liniment, I have no he-
sitation in declaring that it is by far the best Rheu-
matic Liniment that I have ever sold. One case of
many of the extraordinary instances of its imme-
diate efficacy was on a very respectable gentleman
of this city, who had been at times, for several years
past, severely afflicted with rheumatism. About a
year ago, he had a very violent attack, was con-
fined to his bed for fifteen days, suffering all the
excruciating pains attendant on this disease, apply-
ing a number of remedies, and under the care of
an eminent and skilful physician, but to no effect.
I recommended a t ria. of Jebb's Liniment, two
bottles of which, in less than two days, completed a
cure, and on the third he was able to go to his bu-
riness.
This gentleman has purchased a number of bot-
tles since, and given them to rheumatic persons,
which, in almost all cases, has effected a complete
cure.
An agent in Vermont has sent the following in-
teresting statement:
My wife, Mary Oaks, was afflicted with rheuma-
tism for eighteen months; had lost the use of her
limbs entirely. I had applied every medicine re-
commended, but without any success, and the phy-
sicians pronounced her case incurable. Last sum-
mer I saw an advertisement recommending Dr.
Jebb's Liniment, prepared by T. Kiider, Boston;
and by the application of two or three bottles, she
is again restored to her former health and the use
of her limbs; and I am confident there is no medi-
cine before the public for the above complaint
equal to Jebb's Liniment. JOHN OAKS.
lE-Jebb's Rheumatic Liniment is not only one
of the best medicines known for the Rheumatism,
as is proved by the above testimonials, but also for
Sprains, Bruises, Numbness, Stiffness in the Joints,
Chilblains, &c.
The relief this Liniment gives in Rheumatism is
usually almost immediate, bad cases having been
cured in 24 hours.
Price 50 cents.
The above remedy has been extensively used in
this city, and the experience of many here might
be cited to sustain the testimonials given. For sale
at TODD'S Drug Store. May 8--1m

ENVIABLE DISTINCTION.
N the midst of a general and, in many instances
not unfounded prejudice against many of the
medical remedies of the day, Dr. W. EVANS'S
PILLS have the enviable distinction of a univer-
sal approbation. They are perhaps the only medi-
cine publicly advertised that has the full and
unreserved testimony of medical men in its favor.
if not the only one which gives full satisfaction to
its purchasers. DR. W. EVANS has the satis-
faction of knowing that his
CAMOMILE OR TONIC PILLS
are not only regularly recommended and prescribed
by the most experienced physicians in their daily
practice, but also taken by those gentlemen them-
selves, whenever they feel the symptoms of those
diseases in which they well know them to be effi-
cacious. He knows this to be generally the case
in New York, Philadelphia, Albany, Boston, and
other large cities, in which they have an extensive
- ale. That they should thus conquer professional
prejudice and interested opposition, and secure
the agency of the most eminent and best informed
physicians in the country to render them useful to
all classes, can only be fairly ascribed to their
undeniable and pre-eminent virtues.
MORE CONCLUSIVE PROOFS OF THE EF-
FICACY OF DR. WM. EVANS'S CAMOMILE
AND APERIENT PILLS.
CERTIFICATES.
Letter from the Hon. Abraham M'Clellan, Sullivan
county, East Tennessee, Member of Congress.
Washington, July 3J, 1838.
Sir-Since I have been in this city, I have used
some of your Dyspeptic medicine with infinite bene-
fit and satisfaction, and believe it to be a most
valuable remedy. One of my constituents,.Dr. A.
Cardei, of Campbell county, Tennessee, wrote me
to send him some, which I did, and he has em-


played it very successfully in his practice, and says
it is invaluable. Mr. Johnson, your agent at this
place, thinks you would probably like an agent in
Tennessee. If so, I would recommend Dr. A.
Garden as a proper person to officiate for the sale
of your celebrated medicine. Should you commis-
sion him, he is willing to act for you. You can
send the medicine by water to the care of Robert
King &. Sons, Knoxville county, Tennessee, or by
land to Graham & Houston, Tazewell, East Tenn.
I have no doubt but if you had agents in several
counties in East Tennessee, a great deal of your
medicine would be sold. I a~ going to take some
of it home with me for my own use, and that of
my friends, and should like to hear from you
whether you would like an ageht at Bluntville,
Oullivan county, East Tenn. I can get some of the
merchants to act for you, as I live near there.
Yours respecfully,
ABRAHAM M'CLELLtAN, or' Tennessee.
To Dr. Wnm. Evans, 100 Chatham st. N. York.
The following certificate was handed 10 us by
Mr. Van Schaick, of Albany, a highly respectable
member of the community, and whose veracity
cannot be doubted:
Mr. Septemius Kendall, of the town of Wes-
terloo, county of Albany, was for about 27 years
troubled with a nervous and bilious affection,
which for I yeaps rendered him unable to attend to
his business, and during the fast :i years of is ill,
ness was confined to the house. His symptoms
were dizziness, pains in the head and side, palpita-
tion of the heart, want of appetite, 8fc. After
expending during his confinement, nearly three
hundred dollars without obtaining any permanent
relief, he by accident noticed an advertisement of
Dr. Wm. Evang's Camonmile and Aperient Pills,
and was consequently induced to make a trial of
them. After using them about a fortnight, he was
able to walk cut; in four months he could attend to
business, and considered his disease entirely re-
moved. The above information was given to the
s4b"criber by Mr. Kendall himself; there can,
therefore, be no deception.
STEPHEN VAN SCHAICK.
?'-" Rntered ac.nordiny, to thP nal of flnnor.ss _LT


gers into its mouth. tf these ptitesor syftfidasl
are not speedily alleviated, spasrd6aic eotuvulsiottI
universally supervene, and soon cause the dissolu-
tion of the infant. Mothers who have their little
babes afflicted with these distressing symptoms,
should apply Dr. William Evans's celebrated
Soothing Syrup, which has preserved hundreds of
infants when thought past recovery, from being
suddenly attacked with that fatal malady, convul-
sions.
To the agent of Dr. Evans's Soothing Syrup: Sir:
The great benefit afforded to my suffering infant
by your Soothing Syrup, in a case of protracted
and painful dentition, must convince every feeling
parent how essential an early application of such
an invaluable medicine is to relieve infant misery
and torture. My infant, while teething, expe-
rienced such acute sufferings, that it was attacked
with convulsions, and my wife and family supposed
that death would soon release the babe from an-
guish, till we procured a bottle of your Syrup;
which, as so)jn as applied to the gums, a wonderful
change was produced, and after a few applications,
the child displayed obvious relief; and by coniinu-
ing in its use, I am glad to inform you the child has
completely recovered, and no recurrence of that
awful complaint has since occurred. The teeth are
emanating daily, and the child enjoys perfect
health. I give you my cheerful permission to
make this acknowledgment public, and will gladly
give any information on this circumstance.
WM. JOHNSON.
A gentleman who has made trial of Dr. Evans's
Soothing Syrup, in his family, (in case of a teeth-
ing child,) wishes us to state that he found it en-
tirely effectual in relieving pain in the gums, and
preventing the consequences which sometimes fol-
low. We cheerfully comply with his request.
[.New York Sun.
We believe it is generally acknowledged by
those who have tried it, that the Soothing Syrup
for Children Cutting Teeth, advertised in another
column, is a highly useful article for the purposes
for which it is intended. Highly respectable per-
sons, at any rate, who have made use of it, do not
hesitate to give its virtues the sanction of their
names.-Bsston Traveller.
Observe that the label on each Bottle, Box and
Package, has the following notice, viz:
"Entered according to act of Congress, in the
year 1839, by William Evans, in the Clerk's
Office of the Southern District Court of New-York.
REGULAR AGENTS.
C, CRUIKsIPANK, Georgetown, D. C.
LEWIs JoHnsoW, Washington, P. C.

Dr. Evans's Soothing and Aperient Pills;
Dr. Evans's Soothing Syrup, for Teething;
Dr. Evans's Fever and Ague Pills;
Together with
Dr. Hunt's Botamic Pills, and
Dr. Goode's Female pills
The above invaluable Medicines are sold
wholesale and retail, at
100 Chatham Street New York;
3 South Seventh Street, Philadelphia;
47 Wall Street, Louisville, Kentuckyi
30 Cornhill Boston, Mass;
And of the following Agents.
BELL AND ENTWISTLE, Alexandria, D. C.
C. HALL, Norfolk.
E. E. PORTLOCK, Portsmouth.
JosEPH GILL, Richmond.
MORTIMER and MOWBRAY, Baltimore.
JEASE PERRY, Suffolk.
JoHN N. BELL, Winchester, Va.
WILLIAM DORSEY, Martinsburg, Va.
EDWARD MCDOWELL, Fredericksburg, Va.
E. BERKELEY and Co. Harrington, Va.
J. HARDISTY, Harrisonburg, Va.
JAMES BROWN, Charlestown, Va.
C. and E. DUNKUM, Lexington, Va.
BARRETT and McI;TIRE, Charlottesville, Va.
LYMAN, Lynchburg, Va.
Nov. 14--5m

U UNITED STATES INFIRMARY, corner of
9th and E streets, adjoining the Methodist
Protestant Church, (Rev. Mr. Webster's,) oppo-
site the Rev. 0. B. Brown's residence, about eighty
yards from the new General post Office, Washing-
ton City.
Dr. BENJAMIIN THOMSON, the founder of
the Thomsonian Botanic Infirmaries in Boston, Ms.
and Concord, N. H. and more recently from the
State of Virginia, having long had a desire to esta-
blish an infirmary in this metropolis, takes this
method of informing the public that he has gratified
that desire, and has fitted up, in a style unprece-
dented in this city, (or perhaps any other except
his infirmary at Concord, N. H. which has been
pronounced the most perfect one in the world,) the
above desirable house, on the same plan with his
infirmaries in the East and South, where his pa-
tients can depend on such treatment as their in-
firmities may demand.
To my friends, and the friends of the system, I
need but say that I am here. They have no doubt
seen my prospectuses and my practice spoken of,
in all the Thomsonian periodicals in the United
States, and my unprecedented success in the places
where I have heretofore practised. The system is
still progressing with rapid strides, and producing a
complete revelu'ion in the medical world. For the


benefit of the public, Dr. T. gives the following ex-
tracts, relative to his practice in the places where
hp has established infirmariesm
BosToN.-.-xtract from advertisenent.-- Since
April, 1832, up to May, 1834, he has administered
upwards of two thousand courses of medicine to
more than fifteen hundred patients, visiting from
six rods to six hundred miles distant, in almost
every stage of disease, the greater part of whom
have been cured. Patients given over to die at the
New York, Philadelphia, Massachutetts, New
Brunswick, and Insane hospitals, have been cured
at my infirmaries. One, and only one, death has
occurred at my infirmary, since its establishment;
and $1000 is here offered t6 any individual who will
prove to the contrary: also, 01000 to any individual
who will prove as great an amount of business to
have been accomplished during the same time at
any hospital in Europe or America, with the oc-
currence of a less number of deaths and morp
cures.'"
CoNcortD.-Extract from a letter to a United States
Senator, dated January I, 1835.-"DEAR SIR: There
appears to be considerable excitement here at pre.
sent. A new era seems to have commenced in
medical science. Dr. Thomson has indeed done
wonders in the healing art; he has performed cures
in the absence of all hope of patients, friends, and
regular physicians. Of the many cass he has had,
a bfew have conre to qpy knowledge, which justice
compels me to mention.
"A young gentleman who had been opt of health
for several years, and who, I understand, was at
'hp infirmary at the same time you were, and in
consequence of your advi P took pnp course of me-
dicine, declared, as I am informed, that lihe received
more relief in fifteen minutes, under the operation
of the botanic medicines, than he had before for
four years, when under the charge of some of the
most eminent physicians of the State; a few days
after, he took another course, and was cured. A
gentleman by the name of Marden, from Chiches-
ter, who had been afflicted with dyspepsia and all
its attendaanr train otfvils, for' SeverMl years, earme
to the "infirmary with the intention 'of remaining


the most delicate and agreeable way, and afe
perfectly understood by the female attendants,
underthe direction of Mrs Anson and Dr. Tbom-
son. The whole process, from what we have seen
and experienced, may be undergone by the most
timid lady or delicate child without the least appre-
hension of danger in any point of view; on the
contrary, with much advantage, when it is needed.
We would recommend all the affliction to the
Thomsonians, and to the Petersburg Infirmary,
believing firmly that it-i a great place for the ciire
of all curable diseases.
SALLY G. STURDIVAtNT,
ELIZABETH "NIBLETT.
MARTHA LILLEY.
MARTHA P. CLARK,
ANN MILES.
Petersburg, Sept. 21, 1837,

PETERSBURO, September 18, 1837.
Dear Sir-Health is the greatest temporal
blessing bestowed upon man, and is essential to
his comfort and happiness. I verily believe that
the system of medicine invented by Samue
Thorn pson, is the safest and most efficacious means
rightly understood and properly carried out, as a
curative system, ever adopted. VWe are bound
to exercise that reason which is given to us for our
Government an'i direction, to pursue truth, and
hold to it, and never to give up any known plain
matter of fact for conjecture. I saw several of
your patients, heard of several cases, and wit-
nessed several; I saw your care and attention ,to
the afflicted under your immediate charge, and this
had a great effect upon me; but the cure of my
dying boy has cast the scales from my eyes, satisfied
may judgment, and confirmed it. His case was a most
serious hopeless one. I had given him over to die;
his jaws became fastened; he was seemingly dead
to all sensibility; his pulse, which before had not
abated for sixty hours, was now nearly gone; he
was fast approaching the embraces of death. To
my great astonishment, you, in a short time,
relieved and restored him to health. This and a
numberof other cures have convinced and satis-
fied me that it is the best and more safe practice
I have ever seen carried out.
My boy was at first taken with a chill, suc-
ceeded by a severe fever, and he was com-
pletely out of his head for three days before you
baw him. He was in spasms and insensible
when sent to your infirmary. The practice, ac-
cording to the regular mode was exhausted, but
the efficacy of your medicine, and the vapor bath,
had so salutary an effect, that lie was truly and
astonishingly, and unexpectedly to me and all my
family, also to the astonishment of every person
who saw him, soon restored to life and health.
I feel bound to confess the fact, and recommend
to all opposers of the system, the propriety of
knowing correctly what they do oppose, before
they condemn, and do recommend the practi e to
all who have lost their health, and the afflictd to
your tender care.
FRANCIS PACE,
We, the undersigned, members and connections
of Mr. Pace's family, do hereby certify that we are
acquainted with the boy Mr. Pace speaks of, and
saw him during his illness, and that every pa ticu-
lar relating to his care, &c. which Mr. P. mentions
is confirmed by us.
ELIZABETH P. PAC .,
WHINCEY PACE,
CARTER C. CONWAY,
ELIZABETH SMITH.
Private apartments, with female attendant, are
provided and set apart for ladies, where all com-
plaints peculiar to females are successfully treated.
Also, other apartments for people of color. in all
cases every attention will be rendered that can ease
the afflicted or ensure a cure to the diseased.
In addition to the above extracts, which cannot
be expected to convey full information on the sub-
ject, but the full documents of which can be ieen,
(together with my mode of practice, and the apart-
ments,) at my infironary; and it being generally
conceded by the public that there has been many
cutes effected, great good done by this system, and
that the medicines are allowed to be the most agree-
able and most effectual that are administer I, but
that the practitioners are generally inexperien -ed, I
would merely state that, having administered more
that ten thousand courses of medicine in Gp icord
and Boston, during which I lost but one patio nt, it
must be acknowledged that my experience is not
small, and that I know how to treat the nun erous
diseases to which the human system is liable.
The demand for Thomsonian Practitioners is
continually increasing, and gentlemen of respecta-
ble character, coming well recommended, c an bj
admitted at the infirmary as students, on re; sona-
ble terms, where they can enjoy all the adva stages
of Dr. Thomson's experience, and have access to
the best medical library in the world. In cases
where a course of medicine is taken, a change of
linen is necessary. No accounts will be opened-
payments must in all cases be made in advance.
Dec I--it

g^ STREET ACADEMY, CLASSICAL AND
MATHEMATICAL, NEAR TWELFTH
STREET, OPPOSITE KRAFFT'S BAKERY.
The undersigned, a graduate of the University of
Vienna, has opened a school for the instruction of


pupils in the various branches of a thorough edu-
cation. Among these will be taught the Greek
Latin, and French languages, Mathematics and
Drawing,
SFrenc5 is to be, as far as practicable, the Ian.
guage of conversation.
The number of scholars is to be limited, and, as
several are already engaged, it is desirable that
those who wish to enter this institution may send
in their names at an early day.
Public examinations will be instituted at the end
of each quarter.
Terms moderate. Payments quarterly, in ad-
vance.
The undersigned will continue to give, in the
evening, private lessons in the above languages, as
in the German, Italian, and Spanish.
REFERENCES-Messrs. Alexander Dimitry, J. H.
Offley, J S. Wilson, and his numerous pupils'now
receiving private lessons, a list of whom mqy bp
s;een at the academy.
CHARLES KRAITYSIR, M. D.
P. S. A gentleman competent to teach the qrdi-
nary branches of a polite education, can find em-
ployment in the family of a gentleman residing
near the District of Columbia, by applying to the
subscriber: one able to teach music also would be
preferred. Nov 1-if

S AIR TONIC.-For producing a fine growth
of Hair, many testimonials accompany each
otblte. The following is from a disinterested
source, is irorthy of attention.
JAYNES HAIR TONIC.--We havp, heretofore
numbered ourselves among those who believed that
"Alibert's Hair Tonic,'" sold by Dr. Jayne, was
one of the many quack Inostrums whose virtues
are never seen beyond the fulsome puffs of their
authors. We are willing, at length, to make pub-
lic acknowledgment of the error of our belief. An
intimate friend, some two or three months since,
all the top of whose cranium was as bald as a
piece of polished marble, maugre all our jesting
and ridicule of the idea of attempting (6 cultivat-
so barren a spot, purchased a battle 'r toWlotir'f e
Hair Tonic from Dr. Jayne, and according to his


,JI'