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 Robinson Crusoe
 Grimm's fairy tales
 Tom Brown's school days






Title: Robinson Crusoe. Fairy tales. Tom Brown's school days
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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073568/00001
 Material Information
Title: Robinson Crusoe. Fairy tales. Tom Brown's school days
Uniform Title: Kinder- und Hausmärchen
Alternate Title: Fairy tales
Tom Brown's school days
Tom Brown's schooldays
Life and adventures of Robinson Crusoe
Grimm's fairy tales
Physical Description: 80, 62+, 64 p. : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Watson, John Dawson, 1832-1892 ( Illustrator )
Dalziel, Edward, 1817-1905 ( Engraver )
Dalziel, George, 1815-1902 ( Engraver )
Grimm, Jacob, 1785-1863
Grimm, Wilhelm, 1786-1859
Defoe, Daniel, 1661?-1731
Hughes, Thomas, 1822-1896
R. Clay, Sons, and Taylor ( Printer )
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: England?
Manufacturer: R. Clay, Sons, and Taylor
Publication Date: between 1869 and 1885
 Subjects
Subject: Castaways -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Shipwrecks -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Survival after airplane accidents, shipwrecks, etc -- Juvenile fiction   ( lcsh )
Fairy tales   ( lcsh )
Imaginary voyages -- 1876   ( rbgenr )
School stories -- 1876   ( rbgenr )
Boys, Stories for -- 1876   ( rbgenr )
Genre: Imaginary voyages   ( rbgenr )
School stories   ( rbgenr )
Boys, Stories for   ( rbgenr )
fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
 Notes
General Note: Cover title.
General Note: Caption titles: The life and adventures of Robinson Crusoe andGrimm's fairy tales. The first leaf of the third title is missing.
General Note: R. Clay, Sons, and Taylor operated between 1869 and 1885. Cf. Todd, W.B. Directory of printers and others in allied trades, London ..., 1800-1840.
General Note: Some ill. by J.D. Watson, engraved by Dalziel.
General Note: Printed in three columns.
General Note: Parts I and II of Robinson Crusoe.
General Note: University of Florida library's copy imperfect: all after p. 62 of second title through p. 2 of third title missing.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073568
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 28307153

Table of Contents
    Robinson Crusoe
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    Grimm's fairy tales
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    Tom Brown's school days
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Full Text












tbe ife anb Mbventures of





ROBINSON CRUSOE





.I WAS born in the year 1632, in the city of York, of of life which all other people envied ; that kings have of their way of living; that the middle station of life
Sa good family, though not of that country, my frequently lamented the miserable consequence of being was calculated for all kind of virtues and all kind of
father being a foreigner of Bremen, who settled first born to great things, and wished they had been placed enjoyments; that peace and plenty were the handmaids
at Hull: he got a good estate by merchandise, and in the middle of the two extremes, between the mean of a middle fortune; that temperance, moderation,
,leaving off his trade, lived afterwards at York; from and the great; that the wise man gave his testimony quietnes, health, society, all agreeable diversions, and
whence he had married .my mother, whose relations to this, as the standard of felicity, when he prayed to all desirable pleasures, were the blessings attending the
were named Robinson, a very good family in that have neither poverty nor riches. middle station of life: that this way men went silently
'country, and from whom I was called Robinson He bade me observe it, and I should always find, and smoothly through the world, and comfortably out
iKreutznaer; but, by the usual corruption of words in that the calamities of life were shared among the upper of it, not embarrassed with the labours of the hands
England, we are now called,--nay, we or of the head, not sold to a life of
call ourselves, and write our name, slavery for daily bread, or harassed
Crusoe; and so my companions always with perplexed circumstances, which
'called me. t-_g rob the soul bf peace, and the body of
I I had two elder brothers, one of rest; nor enraged with the passion of
whom was lieuteriant-colonel to an envy, or the secret burning lust of
English regiment on foot in Flanders, ambition for great things; but, in easy
formerly commanded by the famous circumstances, sliding gently through
Colonel Lockhart, and was killed at t the world, and sensibly tasting the
the battle near Dunkirk against the sweets of living, without the bitter;
Spaniards. What became of my feeling that they are happy, and learn-
second brother I neyer knew, any ing by every day's experience to know
more than my father or mother knew it more sensibly.
what became of me. -__ After this, he pressed me earnestly
Being the third son of the family, and in the most affectionate manner,
and not bred to any trade,'my head not to play the young man, nor to
began to be filled very early with precipitate myself into miseries which
rambling thoughts: my father, who nature, and the station of life I was
was very ancient, had given me a born in, seemed to have provided
competent share of learning, as far as against;that I was under no necessity
house-education and a country free- of seeking my. bread; that he would
school generally go, and designed me do well for me, and endeavour to enter
for the law ; but I would. be satisfied me fairly into the station of life'which
with nothing but going to sea; and my he had just been recommending to me;
inclination to this le4 me so strongly and that if I was not very easy and
against the will, nay, the commands happy in the world, it must be my
of my father, and against all the en- mere fate or fault that must binder it;
treaties and persuasions of my mother and that he should have nothing to
and other friends,, that there seemed answer for, having thus discharged his
to be something fatal in that propen- duty in warning me. against measures
sity of nature, tending directly to the which he knew would be to my hurt;
life of misery which was to befall me. in a word, that as he would do very
My father, a wise and grave man, kind things for me if I would stay and
gave me serious and excellent counsel J settle at home as he directed, so he
against what he foresaw was my de- would not have so much hand in my
sign. He called me one morning into misfortunes, as to give me any en-
his chamber, where he was confined couragement to go away; and to close
by the gout, and expostulated very all, he told me I had my elder brother
warmly with me upon this subject: for an example, to whom he had used
he asked me what reasons, more than the same earnest persuasions to keep
a mere wandering inclination, I had him from going into the Low Country
for leaving my father's house and wars, but could not prevail, his young
my native country, where I might be desires prompting him to run into the
well introduced, and had a prospect of army, where he was killed; and though
raising my fortune by application and he said he would not cease to pray for
industry, with a life of ease and me, yet he would venture to say to
pleasure. He told me it was men of me, that if I did take this foolish
desperate fortunes on one hand, or of step God would not bless me, and I
aspiring, superior fortunes on the other, should have leisure hereafter to reflect
who went abroad upon adventures, to upon having neglected his counsel,
rise by enterprise, and make them- when there might be none to assist
selves famous in undertakings of a in my recovery.
nature out of the common road; and CRUSOE's FATrER ENTREATS HIM TO STAY AT HOME. I observed in this last part of his
these things were all either too far discourse, which was truly prophetic,
above me, or too far below me; that though I suppose my father did not
mine was the middle state, or what might be called the and lower part of mankind; but that the middle station know it to be so himself; -I say, I observed the
.upper station of low life, which he had found, by long had the fewest disasters, and was not exposed to so tears run down his face very plentifully, especially
experience, was the best state in the world, the most many vicissitudes as the higher or lower part of man- when he spoke of my brother who was killed; and that
suited to human happiness, not exposed to the miseries kind; nay, they were not subjected to so many distem- when he spoke of my having leisure to repent, and ncne
and hardships, the labour and sufferings of the mechanic pers, and uneasiness, either of body or mind, as those to assist me, he was so moved that he broke off the
part of mankind, and not embarrassed with the pride, were who, by vicious living, luxury, and extravagances discourse, and told me his heart was so full he could say
luxury, ambition, and envy of the upper part of man- on one hand, or by hard labour, want of necessaries, no more to me.
I kind. He told me, I might judge of the happiness of and mean or insufficient diet on the other hand, bring I was sincerely affected with this discourse, and, in-
* this state by this one thing, viz., that this was the state distemper upon themselves by the natural consequences deed, who could be otherwise? and I resolved not to
a


~~~P; -;"_^ ~_~7?r"t~__





2 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON ORUSOE.
think of going ahrol any more, but to settle at home lmer, and I began t be a little inured to it weer, mre ships, being driven from their anchors, were
=nconing to my father's desire. But alas! a few days was verygravealt I. I-' J t. I' .. ,- i -. r'. ,,r ,
o it alloff; nd, n hortto prevent any of mry sIck hsill;b towa i i i_ I .
father's uther importnities, in a fen n wiud was quite I ,' -






d '' .1o, and ta aeler edek.
h e .. ha w 7.. 1 m



,1 i ,.. ,, .... l i ; dgc what a condition I m st he i.
i It sh ftoul c .r ... . .. -, *, but a young alor, aTd who hart
S' I t, t o the caitt i. BtiH
i d. w.. e .





S sea went t c s v d ot to tter our ter mised them, that if the oat wa staved
enldt h e.. "' .. '
hod h ''. bud I.
efe ntt h'h o i'''. '' ', '',,. ,.. ,.,











iti ,n to assi wh' but w e
























These wise and sober thoughts continued al 1 .. r r 1, being able to reach the re, till, being past thelighthouse at
while the storm tsted, a i sme time i which tertonthe shore fll.s of to the w estwrd towrd

but the net day the wind was abated, Two romerandsothelandbrokeof alittletheiolence
otrhtee t l,eoot. ,, ''," .''. ', .,-
,, ... .












































'. .. .. ... .. n. n els thn shore;,ne were, 't e
while the tee' -I,' 'dI etoe`tne'w i" sh so el o Ito'thewe tw









hot the e t d y b d -,, i .e d the n ir off n l. t






. LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CR USUE.


the wind. Here we got in, and, though not without
much difficulty, got all safe-on shore, and walked after.
wards on foot-to Yarmouth, where, as unfortunate men,
we were used with great humanity, as well by the
magistrates of the town, who assigned us good quarters,
as by particular merchants and owners of ships, and had
money given us sufficient to carry us either to London
or back to Hull, as we thought fi. -
Had I now had the sense to have gone back to Hull,
and have gone home, I had been happy, and my father,
as in our blessed Saviour's parable, had even killed the


CRUSOE IS BANTERED BY HIS FRIEND AFTER
fatted calf for me; for hearing the ship I went away in
was cast away in Yarmouth Roads, it was a great while
Before he had any assurances that I was not drowned.
But my ill fate pushed me on now with an obstinacy
that nothing could resist; and though I had several
times loud calls from my reason, and my more com-
- posed judgment, to go home, yet I had no power to do
it. I know not what to call this, nor will I urge that it
is a secret overruling decree that hurries us on to be the
instruments of our own destruction, even though it be
before us, and that we rush upon it with our eyes open.
Certainly, nothing but some such decreed unavoidable
. misery, which it was impossible for me to escape, could
have pushed me forward against the calm reasoning
and persuasions of my most retired thoughts, and
against two such visible instructions as I had met with
in my first attempt.
My comrade, who had helped to harden me before,
and who was the master's son, was now less forward
than I. The first time he spoke to me after we were at
Yarmouth, which was not till two or three days, for we
were separated in the town to several quarters; I say,
the first time he saw me it appeared his tone was
altered; and, looking very melancholy, and shaking his
head, he asked me how I did, and telling his father who
I was, and how I had come this voyage only for a trial,
in order to go farther abroad: his father, turning to me
with a very grave and concerned tone, "Young man,"
says he, you ought never to go to sea any more; you
ought to take this for a plain and visible token that yo
are not to be a seafaring man." "Why, sir," said I,
will you go to sea no more? That is another case,"
said he; "it is my calling, and therefore my duty; but
as you made this voyage for a trial, you see what a taste
Heaven has given you of what you are to expect if you
persist. Perhaps this has all befallen us on your ac-
count, like Jonah in the ship of Tarshish. Pray,"
S continues he, what are you; and on what account did
you go to sea?" Upon that I told him some of my
story; at the end of which he burst out into a strange
kind of passion: What had I done," says he, "that
such an unhappy wretch should come into my ship? I
would not set my foot in the same phip with thee again
for a thousand pounds." This indeed was, as I said, an
excursion of his spirits, which were yet agitated by the
sense of his loss, and was farther than he could -have
authority to go. However, he afterwards talked very


I


Sf


gravely to me, exhorting, me to go back to my father, This was the only voyage which I may say was
and no.t tempt Providence to nmy'ruin, telling me I successful in all my adventures, which I owe to the
might seeoa visible hand of Heaven against me. "And, integrity and honesty of my friend the captain; under
young man," said he, "depend upon it, if you do not go whom also I got a competent knowledge of the mathe-
back, wherever you go, you will meet with nothing but matics and the rules of navigation, learned how to keep
disasters and disappointments, till your father's words an account of the ship's course, take an observation,
are fulfilled upon you." and, in short, to understand some things that were
We parted soon after; for I made him little answer, needful to be understood by a sailor; for, as he took
and I saw him no more; which way he went I knew not. delight to instruct me, I took delight to learn; and, in
As for me, having some money in my pocket, I travelled a word, this voyage made me both a sailor and a mer-
to London by land; and there, as well as on the road, chant; for I brought home five pounds nine ounces of
had many struggles with myself, gold-dust for my 'adventure, which yielded !me in
what course of life I should take, London, at my return, almost 300 ; and this filled
and whether I should go home me with those aspiring thoughts which have since so
or go to sea. completed my ruin.
SAs to going home, shame op- Yet even in this voyage I had my misfortunes too
osed the best motions that particularly that I was continually sick, being thrown
offered to my thoughts; and it into a violent calenture by the excessive heat of the
immediately occurred to me how climate ; our principal trading being upon the coast,
I should be laughed at among from the latitude of fifteen degrees north even to the
S the neighbours, and should be line itself.
ashamed to see, not my father and I was now set up for a Guinea trader; and my friend,
mother only, but even everybody to my great misfortune, dying soon after his arrival, I
else; from whence I have since resolved to go the same voyage again, and I embarked
often observed, how incongruous in the same vessel with one who was his mate in the
and irrational the common tem- former voyage, and had now got the command of the
per of mankind is, especially of ship. This was the unhappiest voyage that ever man
South, to that reason which ought made; for though I did not carry quite 100 of my
to guide them in such cases, viz., new-gained wealth, so that I had 200 left, which I had
that they are not ashamed to sin, lodged with my friend's widow, who was very just to
and yet are ashamed to repent; me, yet I fell into terrible misfortunes: the first was
not ashamed of the action for this-our ship making her course towards the Canary
which they ought jurtly to be Islands, or rather between those Islands and the African
esteemed fools, but are ashamed shore, was surprised in the grey of the morning by a
of the returning, which only can Turkish rover of Sallee, who gave chase to us with all
make them be esteemed wise men. the sail she could make. We crowded also as much
In this state of life, however, I canvas as our yards would spread, or our masts carry to
remained some time, uncertain
what measures to take, and what
course of life to lead. An irre-
sistible reluctance continued to
going home; and as I stayed a
while, the remembrance of the
distress I had been in wore off;
tand as that abated, the little
Motion I had in my desires to
return wore off with it, till at
last I quite laid aside the thoughts
S of it, and looked out for a
25 s)Y voyage.
That evil influence which
TIHE TORM. carried me first away from my
father's house,-which hurried me
into the wild and indigested notion of raising my
fortune; and that impressed those conceits so forcibly
upon me, as to make me deaf to all good advice, and
to the entreaties and even the commands of my father;
-I say, the same influence, whatever it was, presented
the most unfortunate of all enterprises to my view;
and I went on board a vessel bound to the coast of
Africa; or, as our sailors vulgarly called it, a voyage to
Guinea.
It was my great misfortune that in all these adven-
tures I did not ship myself as a sailor; when, though I
might indeed have worked little harder than ordinary,
yet at the same time I should have learnt the duty and
office of a fore-mast man, and in time might have
qualified myself for a mate or lieutenant, if not for a
master. But as it was always my fate to choose for the
worse, so I did here; for having money in my pocket
and good clothes upon my back, I would always go on
board in the habit of a gentleman; and so I neither
had any business in the ship, nor learned to do any.
It was my lot first of all to fall into pretty good
company in London, which does not always happen to
such loose and misguided young fellows as I then was;
the devil generally not omitting to lay some snare for
them very early; but it was not so with me. I first got
acquainted with the master of a ship who had been on
the coast of Guinea; and who, having had very good
success there, was resolved to go again. This captain
taking a fancy to my conversation, which was not at all CRUSOE IS IN GREAT FEAR DURING THE SECOND
disagreeable at that time, hearing me say I had a mind STORM.
to see the world, told me if-I would go the voyage with
him I should be at no expense; I should be his mess- get clear; but finding the pirate gained upon us, and
mate and his companion; and if I could carry anything would certainly come up with us in a few hours, we
with me, I should have all the advantage of it that the prepared to fight; our ship having twelve guns, and the
trade would admit; and perhaps I might meet with rogue eighteen. About three in the afternoon he came
some encouragement. up with us, and bringing to, by mistake, just athwart
I embraced the offer: and entering into a strict our quarter, instead of athwart ourstern, as he intended,
friendship with this captain, who was an honest plain- we brought eight of our guns to bear on that side, and
dealing man, I went the voyage with him, and carried poured in a broadside upon him, which made him sheer
a small adventure with me, which, by the disinterested off again, after returning our fire, and pouring in also his
honesty of my friend the captain, I increased very small shot from near two hundred men which he had on
considerably ; for I carried about 40 in such toys and board. However, we had not a man touched, all our
trifles as the captain directed me to buy. These 40 I men keeping close. He prepared to attack us again,
had mustered together by the assistance of some of my and we to defend ourselves. But laying us on board the
relations whom I corresponded with ; and who, I believe, next time upon our other quarter, he entered sixty men
got my father, or at least my mother, to contribute so upon our decks, who immediately fell to cutting and
much as that to my first adventure, hacking the sails and rigging. We plied them with





4 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON ORSTSOE.


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LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CS5USOE. "S

I toodoutdirectlyto se with the b rather stretebing I did not eare to go out of" eight of the boat, fes Hower, Xuryidhe would he some of him! o be
to windward, that they might think me gone towards the coming of mooes with saages down the river bt comes on board, asked me to give him the hatchet
the Straits' mouth (as indeed any one that had been in the boy seeing a iow place about a mile up the country, For what, Xury said I. "Me cut off hi head,"
their wits must hare bee sppoed to do): for who rambled to it, and by and by saw him come running said he. Howev,Xuryold not ut off hi hed, bat
wouldhare supposed we oereildon tothesoath towardsme. Ithoughthe was edbysomeavage, he cut off afoot, andbroughtitwithhim, aditw
to the truly Barbarian const, where whole nations of or frighted with sme wild beast, and I ra forwards monstros greatone.
Negroes were re e to murroud us with their cnoes, and towards him to help him; but when I came nearer to I bethought myself, however, that perhaps the skin
destroy us; where we could ot go on shore hut we him, I saw something hanging over his shoulders, which of him might, one way or other, be of some vlue to s;
shouldbe devoured by sage beasts, or more merciless was a.reat that he bad shot,like ahare,butdifferet and I relvedto takeoff his skin if Iuld. SoXury
savges of human kind. in oolour, adlongr lgshower, wer vcry gld of d I went to work with him; hut Xo~ wes moch the
But as n asit grew dusk in the revering, I changed it, and it w very good mt; but the t o t better workman at it, for I knew very ill howto dot.
my rse, and steered directly south and by east, poor Xury came with, was to tll me he had found good Indeed, it took bth upthe whole day, bt at last we
bending my core a little towards the east, that I water, and eeno wild mars. got off the hide of him, ad spending it on the top of
',, ,. p i afterwards that we need not take such our cabin, the sn effectually dried it in two days' te,
S for a little higher up the creek where andit afterward served me to lie upn.
mdthewaterfreshwhenthetideas out, After this stop, we made on to the southward con-
-.. "-I ut a little way p; so we filed our jars, tinually for te or twelve day, living very sparingly on
less thanone hdred and fifty miles south of Sllee and feasted on the hare we had killed, and prepared to our provisions, which began to abate very much, and
S; lominions, or go on our way, having seen no footsteps of any human going no oftener to the shore than we wee obliged to
i I ._.- !i. we smw no creature in that part of the country. f sh y design in thuisas, to -ae the
people As I had been one voyage to this coast before, I kew Rivr Gambia or Senegal,that is to say anywhere about
Yet such as the fright I had taken of the Moo very well thatthe islands ofthe Canaries, and the Cspe the Cape de Verd, where I was in hopes to meet with
and the dreadful apprehensions I had of falling ito de Verd Islands also, lay not far off from the coast sme European ship; and if I did ot, I knewot what
their hds, that I would ot stop, or go on shore or But as I had no instruments to take an obrrtion to urse I had to take, ut to seek for the islands, or
come to an anchor; the wind cotinuiog fair till I had know what latitude we were in, and not exactly know- perish there among the Negroes. I knew that all the
t-ailed in that manner fie days; aud then the wind ing, or at least remembering, what latitude they were ship from Europe which sailed either to the cost
.lifting to the outward, I concluded also tit any I knew not where to ook forthem, or whentostand of Gom or to Brazil, or to the East Indies, made this
I our vesrses were in chase of me,the also wodd now of to satowardsthem; otheise I might now easily Cnpe, or those islands; ad, in a word, I petthe whole
ive over; o I ventured to make to the ast, nd came have food aome of these islands. But my hope woa, of myfortune upon this single pint, either that I must
.0 an anchor in the mouth of a little river, 1 knew not that if I stood along this coast till Ime to that part meet with some ship, or must perish.
whot, uor where nitlher what latitude, wht country, where the glith traded, I should fid some of their When I had pursued this resoluti about ten days
ultatnti, or a, hat lryer. I neither s r desired esseles upon their usual design of trade, that would longer, as I have said, I began to see that the nd was
c hwatc. ,, ; ,.i i i ,. i ..'. i i. 7
resOlvi. iitoc s ,_ ...... .... .


..- . .. .. .. -









the water, wallowing ad washing temaselvs for the[ venture out, in hopes of reaching thither; but having however, we wre willip1 to accpt it, but how to me
S i i i i -, forced in again by contrary winds, at it was o xt dispute, for Iwould noteture
Si -, .. L .. i. i i too high for my littl vel; s I shore tothem,adtheywereasmch afraid of ; bt
i Ii e my first dmign, and eep ang te toohka a safe way for s all, for they broht it to
Xury -'ii- i I i ii as I the shore. shoe laid it dr, and ent and stood ag t
too; but *'''. heard Severl times I wa obliged to land for fresh water, way off till we fetohed it on board, and then came cloee
i i 11i, _- :i,- .. i ii i. ii Ii ,iace; and once in particular, to us again.
*e ;i boiu ^ iU i .,o h[ i a'r I '' ad, wecrmetoon ancpor ende r "I mde sigs of thaek to them,forwe had nothing
y his to mo hge d urio a little point of land, which was pretty high; and the to make them amends; but an opportunity offered that
ury id it was a lion, and it might for aught I tide beng to flow, d it might for t to we lay still to go farther i. very instant to oblige them woderflly for while we
,v, ie _- ,e to weigh the chor Xury, whoso eyes were more about him than it seems were ying by the shere, came two mightycreatures,one
S "ury; we can slip ourmine were, calls softly to me, and tells me that we hadprsuing the other (as we took it) with great fury from
i,, -". i, a' ', .. gooffto sea;theycannot best go farther off th shore; "for," says he, "look, themoountnstowards these; whetberitwathe mle
follow us far." Ihad nosooner so, but Ipereived yonder lies a dreadful monster on the orde of that pursuing the female, or whether they were in sport or
the feature (whatever it was) within two oars' length, hilock, fast asleep" I looked where he pointed, and rage, we could not tell, any more than we could'tll
which something surprised me; however, I immediately sw a dreadfhl monster indeed, for it was a terrible whether it was usual or stmoge, but I believe it was
stepped to the mhbindor, and taking up my gun, gd great lieu that lay on the side of the shore, under the the latter; b uose, in the firt place, those ravenous
at him; upon which he immediately turned about, and shade of a pierce of the hill that hung as it were a little creatres seldom appear bt in the night; and, in the
wam towards the shore again, over him. "Xury," says I, "you shall go on shore and smcod place, we found the people terribly frighted,
But it is impossible to describe the horrid noises, and ill him." ury looked frighted, d mid, Me kill! especially the women. The ma that had the lace or
hideous ies and howrigs, that were raised, as well he eat me at one mouth;" one mouthful he meat. dart did not fly from them, but the rest did; however,
uponp the edge of the short ashigherwithin the eontry, However, I said no more to the hboy, but bade him lie as tile two creatures ran directly into the water, they
upon the noise or report of the gn,athingI have me still, and I took our biggest gfn, which was almost did not offer to fall upon any of the Negroes, hut
rea to believe thereatureshadnever heed befo: musket bore, and oaded it with a good charge of plunged themselves into the ea, and swam about, as if
this convinced me that there was no going on shore for powder, and with two slugs, and laid it down; then they had ame for their diversion: at last one of them
us in the night on that coast, and how to eure on I loaded another gun with two bullets; and the third beganto me nearer oe r boat thn at firt I expected ;
oro i the day was another question too; fo to have (for we had three pies) I loaded with five smaller but I lay ready for him, for I had loaedd m gun with
fallm iuto the hands of any of the saaIge, had been bullets. I took the best aim I could with the firet all peoiblr expedition, and bade Xury load both e
as bad as to have fallen into the hands of the lions and piece to have shot him in the head, but he lay a with thers As soon a he me fairly within my eah I
'igcr; at least we were equally apprehensive of the his leg raised a little above his nose that the slugs hit fired, and shot him directly in the head: immediately
danger of it. his leg about the nee, and broke the bone. He started he sank down into the water, but sore instantly, and
Be that ua it would, we were obliged to go on shore up, growling at first, but finding his leg broken, fell plunged p and down, as if he was strgging for life,
somewhere or other for water, for we had not a pint doe again and then got up upon three gs, and gave and so indeed h be immediately md to the
' : i= get to it was the the mst hideous roar that ever I hed. I was a title shore but between the wound, which was his mortal
S, i i go on shoe with surprised that I t had t hit hm on the head; however, hrt, and the strangling of the water, he died just
" o of the jars, he would find if there was any water, I took upthe second piece immediately, and though he before he rehed the shore.
and brig some to me. I asked him why he would go began to moe off,ired again, and shot him in the head, It is impossible to express the astonishment of the
why I should not go, and h stay in the boat The boy ad hadthepleartosee himdrop ad maebut little poor rree at the noise ad fire ofmygan; smeof
answered with so much affetion, as made me love him noe but lie struggling for life. Then Xury took heart, them were even ready to die for fear, and fell don a
ever after. fays he, "If wild mans come theyeat me and would have meet him go on shore. "Well, go," dead with the very terror; but when they saw the
you go wey.-" Well, Xury; said I,u"we wii both go, id I: so the boy jumped into the water, and taking a centre dead, and sunk in the water, and that I made
d ifthe wild man me we will kill th theyshall little gun i one hand, swam to shore with the other signs tothem to metothe share, they took heart and
t neither of u" o I gave Xry a piece of rusk hand, and ming close to the creature, put the m le came, and began to search for the cratur. I found
broad to eat, and a dram out of patron's case of of the piece t hi ear, ad shot him in the hed again, him hyhishlood stainng the water: and by the help of
bottle which I menoned beforehand hauled the h epated him uite. a rope, which I slung round him, and ga the egroe
boatin ane the e as we thought was per, and This as gameindeed tos, bt this was no food; and to hal, they dragged him on shore, d found that
so waded on hore; carryoig nothing but our arms, and I was very sorry to lose three charges of powder and it wee a most curos l ,opard spttd, and fine to an
two jars for water. shot upon a creature that was good for nothing to us. admirable degree; and the Negroes held up their hands





T IFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.

ith lmiration, to tlhnk rat Il o as I had killed for me; and iu a;io tlfree hour time I came up with getting a kiud of letlor of naturliztion, I purchased
him rith. thm. as much ld that was onueured as my moloney oould
I se, and in rIah, and formed pln nfr my plantation and aettle-



I oo fllingtohaf e thor take IIa .favourfloo f me;" ,; I ,I .

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ll i: n we than ally-
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LIFE AND ADVENTUZEES OF BOBINSON CROSOE 7




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8 LI,'E AND ADENTmRES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE
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lIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 9

remainder of Etopean corn, which had been laid by of the tide t into it; so I guided my raft, as well as I which lay I a ridge from it, northward. I took out
for some fowls which we brought to sea with to, but could, to keep in the middle of the stream. o0 of the fowling-piecee, and one of the pistols, nd a
the fowla were killed. Theme had been some harley But here I had like to have offered a sotond ship- hor of powder; and thus armed, I teaselled for die
d wheat together; but, to my great disappoitment, wreck, which, if I had, I think, verly, would have cover up to the top of that hill, where, after I had
Ifond afterwards that the rats had eaten oroiled it broken my heart; for, knowg nothing of the coast, with great labour and difficulty gt to the top, I saw
all. As for liquor, I found several cases of bottles my raft r aground at one of it uon ashoal, and my fate, to m gret aio, action that I was in an
belonging to to skipper, in which were some cordial not being o d at the other end, it wanted hut a tad eovireond ery way with the sea: no land to be
wate;and, inall, about five or i gallon of rak. ite that all y cargo had slipped off towards the end excet some rok which lay a great way off and
Theselstow by themselves, there ing no need to tht aflt, sofallintot theater. Ididmy wosmal ilands, ltha thisa which lay about three
put them into the chest, nor any romfor them. Vhile utmost, by setting my back against the chests, to keep l toguf the west.
I a doing this, I found the tide egan to flw, though them in their places, but could not thrut ff the raft I found also that the island I was in was barren, and,
very calm; and I had the mortifiton to see my coat, with all my strength; neither durst I stir from the as I sw good reason to belie, uninhabited except by
hirt, and waistcoat,which I had left on the shore, upon posted I w in ; but holding up the chests with allmy beasts, of whom, however, I sw no Yet I saw
the sand, swim away. As for my breeches, which were might, I stood in that manner near half an hour, in abund of fowls, but knew not their kinds; neither
only linen, and open-knee'd, I swam on board in them wech time the rising of the water brought me a little when I killed them could I tell what was fit for food,
and my stockings. However, this set me on rummag- mo upon a level; and, a little after, the water still and what not. At my coming back, I shot at a great
ing for clothes, of which I found enough, but took no rising, my raft floated again, and I thrust her off with bird which 1 saw ttig upon a tree on the side of a
more than I wanted for present use, for I had other the oar had into the channel, and then driving p great wood. I believe it the first gun that had
things which my eye was more upon-as, first, tools to higr, I at length found myself in the mouth of a been fired there since the creation of the world. I had
work with on shore. And it was after long soea ing little river, with landon both sides, and a stog current no sooner fired, than from all parts of the wood there
thatlfound outthearpenter'schest, whirhws,inded, of tide running up. I looked on boh sides for a proper arose an innumerable number of fowls, of any sortes,
a veryuseful prize to me ad much more valuable than place to get to shore, for I was not willing to be diven making a confused creaming and rying, and every one
a shi-load of gold would have been at that time. I too high up the rier hoping, in time, to see some ship wording to his usual note, but not one of them of any
got it do to my raft, whole as it was, without losing at se, and therefore resolvedto place myself as near the kind that I knew. As for the creature I killed, I too
time to look into it, or I knew in general what t coa I could. it to be a kind of hawk its colour and beak resembling
tcootained. At length I spied a little coe on the right shore of it, but it had no talons or claws more than common.
ly next ctae was for some amunition and arms. the creek, to which, with great pain and difficulty, I Its fltsh "r, ren Ind fit for nothing.


cHaUoE LOADS als BAI.

There were two very good fowling-pieces in the great
cabin, d to pistols. These I secured st, with some
wder-horm and a mall bag of shot,and told rusty
words. I knew then were three harel of powder in
the ship, but knew not where our gunner had stowed
them; but with much search I found the,two of them
dry and good, the third d taken water. Those two I
got to my rft, with the ams. And now I thought
myself pretty well freighted, nd ban to think how I
should got to shore with them, having neither sail, oar,
no rudder; and the least fcp-full of wind would have
overset all my navigation.
I had three en uragements: Ist, a smoth, calm sea;
2ndly, the tide rising, and setting in to the shore; Srdly,
what little wind there was blew me towards the land.
And thus, having found two or three broken oars
belonging to the boat-and, besides the tools which were
in the chest, I found two aws, an are, and a hammer:
with this argo I put to For a mile,ortherebouts,
my raft went very well, only that I found it drive little
distant from thepace where I had landed before; by
which I peretivd that there some indraft of the
water, and consequently, I hoped to find some creek
or rive there, which I might make use of as a port to
get to land with my cargo.
SAs I imagined, m it was. There appeared before me
a litt leopmeing of the l and, d I found a strong u rent


CirUOE'S KR\rt is NEARLY UPSET.

guided my raft, and at lt got so nier, that, reaching Contented with this discovery, I came hack to my
ground with my oar, I otld thrust her directly in. trat, ad fello to o t o bring my ogo on shore, which
But he I had like to hae dipped all my crgo into took e up the rest of tit day. Wh t to do with
the ma again; for that shore lying pretty steep-that myself at night I knew not, nor indeed where to rest,
is to sa,loping-ther a n a ee w o placto btwhe for I wa afraid to lie down on the gerond, not iknowin
one end of my fat, if it hore, would lie so but some ild beast might deour me, though, as I
high, and the other sink lower e, that it would fterards found, there rwa really no need for these
dlager my 9 go again. All that I coul do, we to fears.
wait till the tide as at the highest, keeping the raft However, as well as I could, I barricaded myself
withmy carlkeann c o-bor, ,1 1. l, ,-,, I, ,,,, ,.- I
tothebhore, nearflatpieceoi .! i L 1 I r I
the water would flow over; and so it did. As on aso I As for food, I yet aw not which way to supply myself,
found water enough-for my raft drew about a foot of excaptthat I had co two or threereatues,like hares,
water-I thrust her on uponthat fat piece of ground, run out of the wood where I shot the fowl.
and there fastened or moored her, by sticking my two I now began to consider that I might yet get a great
broken oars into the ground, one on one side, near one may things out of the ship which would be useful to
nd, and one ontle other aide near theothr ed a me.tod partiularly some of the rigging andl ails, and
thus I lay till the water ebbed away, and left my raft such"thr things as might cometo laud and I resolved
and all my argo safe on shore to make another voyage o board the vessel, if poeible.
My next work as to view the country, and seek a And s I knew that the first storm that blew must
proper plae for my habitation, nd where to stow my neessarily break her allin iee, I resolved to set all
oods to seum them from whatever might happen. other things aparttill I had got everything outof the
Whoen Irew,Iyet knew not; whether on the content ship that could get Then I called a counl--thatis
whether in danger of wild beasts or not. There wa a raft; but this appeared impracticable so I resolved to
hill nt above a ile from me, whih rose up ery steep go as before, when the tide was down; and I did s,
rnd high, and which seemed to overtop ome other hills, only that I stripped before I ent from my hot, haing
al





10 LIFE ATD ADVFNVTUREV S OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.
.- T i mytentIdrewahal-rle before
i -. r r nn ichtook in about te ya ds in it
i i .- .- .. I -. s i T. the rock,nd twentyyards in it
,-,, -, ... -, -,1 r .1 L r I .r' i-.-,. giontig and ending. sh g t e
1 i 1 1 ,-. i pitched t roseof strong take,
i ,- ,, 1 1- .1 r ,- :i rho ground till they stood very rm
,, , . ,1- -. ,.- r i end being ontofthegroundabove
,, ,i .... ~.. sn 1 .1 i i . i i = ndsharpenedonthetop. Thetwo
I1 r i r r .boe incheIsfrom onean other.
,. r ii pie of cable whih I had ntin
S -i i i i _.. mm in rowsoneuponmother, within
,. I ese two waof stakenptoethe
pable to bug; though I believe verily, top, piling other stakes in the inside, leaning against
i ,. the lm weather held, I rhouid have brought them, about two feet and a half high, like spur to a
.. .... .... away tleo whole ship, piece by pie But prpnEing post; and this fenoe wasn strong, that neither man
Si i i tetwelth time togoon oard, I found the il' norbeat uldget into it or oer it. This cot mea
hc"nn to rie o hower, at town water I ent on onerd, great deal of time end Iabor, especially to cut the piles
S i a tho:egh I thought I had rmmaged the cabin in the woods, bring them to the place, and drive tem

ttII I I i n tIi.ehod Ime
,th hw h o b d, ty t h e
S .l r I a 'ffectuol that nothing mor col e fo d. yt Iinto the ea th



i i .ii i I -III '
,1 l i. i i.i iI i. r-,. l. rI.ii ,ri L -











her, sherte her wrenc indeed, diers piess of her ithi, dah coud, a sudden fe of igh nin happened,
.. .1 -1 '












h, ,,, ,-, ,, t .effe. ot nit I: wa n .ot n ,an Bnepisde ith the-
o I crdd an eve.y do.. r .. T. i the islnd; and 'y v"eey e n s itin when I thog', -- thatat











d n .d brought wny . ... .. .. d ow to do ehis,. ne blastt -, y _powder iight bedet 1yed on h.
peticulrly the tr tine i i i -whether should nt y deene only, n the providing .y fo-d, st











en'e ot ihe eiggrng as I -- ..'.' ', ro ,'t ipn the oeth; th. oght, entirely depended. t'was'. nthen- nne. O
coneas, whin wa ov -end _i silsnponocaon, n. c iption t w wich, it-, aynot i propeprotogie -n tonti tee,! a1 onld ieer boon i neon who hoe! tiner,
te' b.ren o wet gunpowder I woI "bought eI a o n 'f' "
,ut tem ii piccesn brr uch nt na ti e s I sedeenti beue itw a- ne w otir i gon the t-e was oer, laid sideall y i work, m ybuitd'
i .n. '. '.i i i .1,'i ir .-i 1 i .r*-' r riY~ i q I s .' i





















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1 i i- ', i r.. i i -1 ii i i i i'i i i i riT I i ,, r-I i '1 r a e fra y,!er
'7. 1 I I I I I I 11 i II 1i I U W-'.lr- I I 1 II.
















.1all th thigs from the wtp, d to get them on s f I ythig ourt ir h, n errt might drie mane o the 1 oer ei te a alh im
boell sbo 1 d h ore from her wrec ;, ,I i aII d e srh i p re o ri dnrk oo ar lid f hting ht p entd,
I h a d t h e b i g g e st m a g a bin e o f a l l ki nd s n o w t h a t a f r e r d s d id ; b u t t h o e t h in g s f oda lf t e r t ht a r et cl p o f t h un d e r a. s n tW l l y
tin hutlwoiot m e f tnth o
......~l hou~lt~I... upright in that "ly thoughts were now bhoy b gh a rIwawtba.thoughtwhiNpl-teh into my
Ie, I togh~t I ought to get everything ,ut hrI~ ring m aginst eithraes, yshod r m id s sift thing itself-IO mg Id'er!
a I' the island i 3 iy heard n L Inth m rr o ugs t d ati ath
bard, and hronght aray bh. w, oA howe toydo thsMoehat, a.n1my podermoightbe deyaoyed;on bie,
partiularlythe third time ,- ;,I -hether ot defeneonlvbut thepmnuigmv food, sl
ml ch of the rigging Ie I I, .i mt upon the ert t enti'ly depended. I otht. b es ao
opes and rope-twine I meldd et with a Ifi ee sfpar and-, in short, I -resoled upon both; the manner and ios abint ml9 dager, though, had 9e 17.dZ
envha. which was to mend the sils uPon oemwon, and description of whi h, it may not be improper to gine an took fire, I should never ha-e kos ho ha hurt,
the b. l of wet ;Impowder. In word I brought account of. "o.s

could, for they oen no more useful to be J.il, but n nr the a, and I believed it wodld nofryne wholesoenme, lig ofi g, d spplie nlf tma ro bag -a
Ir tn- only y a monpdarti m larl y b utoh there was u0 fresh water bexe to sepreth the oowder, =d to kte it a little
] i h-it Ii 0.1 .i 1. 1e it0
-iI I n. ..





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a le a.. I 7 I I .. .. I i t .I "1



.... ... if .. _. me- i twer
.., happenedf: : r
nd all my rgu into th. _ate-. As for ny .lf, it tlhel. eouotrie, is ne' he b, tting. i manner for them: 1 obred if they w meiu the





LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 11.


valleys, though they were upon the rock, they would
n away, as in a terrible fright; but if they were feed-
ing in the valleys, nd I was upon the rocks, they took
no notice of me; from whence I oneludedthat by the
position of their otic, their sight was so direted do
war, that they did not readily see objects that we
above them; so aftenerds, I took this method,-I
always climbed the rock first, to get above them, and
then had frequently fair mark.
The first shot I made among these creators, I killed
he-geoat, which had a little id by her, which she gave
suck to, which grieved me heartily; for, when the old
one fell, the kid stood stock still by her, till I came and
took her up; nod not only so, but when I carried the
old one with me, upon my shoulders, the kid followed
me quite to my inloeuee; upon which, I laid down tihe
dam, and took the kid in my rmn, dcaried it over
my pale in hopes to have bred it up tame; but it
would not eat; so I was forced to kill it, and eat it
myself. These two supplied me with fles a great
while, for I ate sparingly, and saved my provisions, my
bread especially, much as I possibly could.
Having now kxed my habitation, I toud it absolutely
necessary to provide a place to make a fre in, nd fuel
to burn; and what I did for that, and also how I en-
ltgoed my cave, and what couenience I made, I shta
give a full account of in its place ; but I must now give
some little acout of myself,and of my thoughts about
living, which, it may well he supposed, were not a few.
I had a dismal prospet of my condition for, as I was
not cast away upon that islad without being driven, as
is said, by a violent storm, quite out of the ourse of our
intended oyage, nd a great way, vi. some hundreds of
leagues, out oft the ordinary oo eof the trade of man-
kind, I had great e n to consider it aa determination
of H -vea, that in this demlnte plee, nd io this deso-
late manner, I should end mylife. The tears would run
plentifully down my face when I made these refl-
tons and sometimes I would epostulate with myself
why I'e-odcono should tlhus completely rui His crea-
tures, anod reader them so absolutely miserable; so
-, ,. .,entirely depreed,thatit
S.-,, .o o i be thankful for such a
life.
But something always returned swift upon me to
check these thoughts, nd to prove me; and parti-
cularly one day, walking with my gun i my hand by
the a-side, I was very pensive upon the subject of my
present condition, when reason, e it were, expostulated
with me the other way,thnus: "Well, yo are in a deso-
late condition, it is true; but, pray remember, where

inthcboat? Wheearetheten? hywerenot tey
vd, andyoulost? Whyweer you singled out? it
it better to be here or the?" d then I pointed to
the e. All evils e to be considered it the good
that is in them, and with wht wore attends the
Then it occurred to meagain, how well I was furnished
for my subsistence and what would have been my case
if it lad not happened whichh as a hundred thousand
to oe) that the ship floated from the place where she
first struck, and as driven o near to the shore, that I
had time to get all these things outof her; what would
have been my case, if I had been forced to have lived in
the condition in which I at first came on shore, without
necesnires of life, or necessies to supply nd procure
them? "Particularly" mid I aloud (though to myself),
"what should I have done without a gun, without
ammunition, without any tools to make anythingor to
work with, without clothes, bedding. a tent, or aoy
manner of covering? and that now I had all them in
sufficient quantity and w as in a fair way to provide
myself in such a mumner as to live without my gn,
when my ammunition wa spent: so that I had a toler-
able view of subsisting, without any want, as long I
lived; for I considered from the beginning, how I would
provide for the accidents that might Happen, and for the
time that was to come, even not only after my emuni-
ion should be spent, but even after my health and
strength should decay.
I cnfess, I had not entertained any notion of my
ammunition being destroyed at one blst--I mean my
powder being blown up by lightning; and this made
the thoghtsof itso surprising to me, when it lightened
and thundered as I ohbered just now.
And now being to enter itoo a melancholy reltion of
a scene of ilent life, such, perhaps, as was never heard
of in the world before, I shall take it from its begin-
ing, and continue it in its order. It was, by my
accout, the 30th of Beptember, when, in the manner
a above said, I first set foot upon this horrid island;
when the sen, being to us in its atumnal equinox, wa
almost just over my head: for Ireckoned myself, by
observation, to be in the latitude of nine degrees twenty-
two minutes north of the line.
After I bad been there about ten or twelve days, it
came into my thoughts that I should los myreckonino
of time for want of books, and pen andink, and should
even forget the Sabhath days; but to prevent this, I cut
with my knife upon a largo post in capital letter, and


mahng it into a great co, I set up on the shore where
I first landed, 1 came on shore here on the 30th of
September, 1659."
pn the side of this square post I ncut ever day a
notch with my knife, and every seventh notch wneem
long again the rest, and every frst day of the month,
as long again as that long one; and thus I kpt my
calendar, or weekly, monthly, and yearly reckoning of
time.
In the next place, we are to observe that among the
many things which I brought out of the ship, in the
several voyages, which, as above mentioned, I made to
it, I got several tlingp of less value, but not at all less
useful to me, which I omitted setting down before; as,
in particular, pens, ink, and paper ; several parcels iu
the captaiu's, mte', gunner's, and carpenter' keeping;
three or four ompeosee, some mathematical instru.
ments, dials, pepetive, charts, and books of navig-
tion; all which huddled together, whether I might
want them or no: also, I found th-e very god Bibles,
which came to me in my crge from England, and which
I hbad packed up among my things; some Portuguese
books also; and, among them, two eo three Popish
praye-book, and several other books, all which I care-.
luUy secured. And I must not forget, that we had in
the ship adog, and two cats, of hose eminent history
I may have occasion toy somethingin its place; for
I carried both the ats witl me; and for the dog, he
jumped out of the ship of himself, ad swam on shore
to me the dlayafter I went on shore with my first cargo,
and w a trusty servnt to me many years; I wanted
nothing that he could fetch me, nor any company that
he could make up to me; I only wanted to lave him
talk to me, but that would not do. As I observed
before, I found pens, ink, and paper, and I husbnded
them to the utmost; and I shall show that whilo my
ink lasted. I kept tholgs very enact, but after that was
gone coIuld not, for I could not make any ink by any
means tht I could devise.
And this pnd tis in d that I wanted many things,
notwithstamling all that I had aomaed together ; and
of thee, ink was one; as als a spade, pick-axe, and
lIovel, to dig or remove the rth ; needles, pi, ad
thread: as for linen, I soon learned to wnt that without
much difficulty
This want of tools made every work I did go on
h avily; and it was near a whole year before I had
antiely finished my little pale, or surrounded my habi-
tation. The piles or stake which were as heavy as I
could well lift, were a long time in cutting and pre-
paring in the woods,,nd more, by faro brintnng home ;
sO that I spent sometimes two days in euttLn and
bringing home one of those posts, and a tlird day in
driving it into the ground ; for which purpose, I got a
heavy piece of wood at first, but at last bethought
.ynif of one of the iron crows; which, honeo.r,
though I foind it, made driving those posts or piles
verylabotious and tdious work. Bt hat need I have
been concerned at the tediousness of anything I had to
do, seeing I bad time enough to do it in nor hnd I alny
other employment, if that hMi been over, at least that
I could foresee, except the ranging tile island to seek for
food, which I did, more or l, every day.
I now began to consider seriously my ondition,and
the circumstances I was reduced to; and I drew up the
state of my affairs in citing, not s much to leave
them to any that were to come after me-for I was
likely to have but few heirs-en to deliver my thoughts
from daily poring upon them, and affliting my mind:
and m my asou began now to mater my depondeney,
I.began to comfort myself as ell as I could, and to set
thegood against the evil, that I might have something
to distinguish my case from worse; and I stated very
impaytially, like debtor and creditor, the comfort I
en.oyod against the miseries I suffered, thus --
EV-. GOOD. -

I am cast upon a ho But I am alive; and not
ible, desInto island, void drowned, as all my ship's
of all hope of recovery company were.

I am singled out and But I am singled out,
epaeted, it were, frm too, from all the ship's
all the world, to be miser- crew, tbe spared from
able. death; and He tht mirae-
ulously saved me from
death, can deliver me from
this condition.

I am divided from mn- But I am not starved,
kind-a solitir; one ban- and perishing on a barren
ished from human society. place, afording no sueten-


I have not olothe" to But I am in a hot cli-
cove=me. mate, where, if I bad
clothes, I could hardly
wear them.


I am without any de- But I am cast on is-
fence, or means to resist land where I see no wild
any violence of man or beasts to hurt me, as I
beast saw on the coast of lfrieu n :
and what if I had been
shipwrecked there
I have no sul to speak But God wonderfully
toor relieve me. sent the ship in ner
enough to the shoe, that
I have got out many
necessary things as ill
either supply my want or
enable me to supply my-
self, even as long as I

Upon the whole, here was an undoobted testimony,
that there was scace ay condition in the world e
miserable but there was meeting negative or nome-
thing positive to be thankful for in it; and let this
stand as n direction, from the experience of the most
miserable of all conditions in this world: that we may
always bind a it something to comfort onrelves from,
and to et, in the description of good and evil, on the
crdit side of the account.
Having no brought my mind a little to relish my
condition,ad given over looking out to toee f I
could spy a chip-I say, giving over these things, I began
to apply myself to arrange my way of vingand to
make things e easy to me as I uld.
I have alre-ly described my habitation, which wa a
tent under the side of a rock, surrounded with a strong
paleof posts nd cables; but I might now thermal it
wall, for I raised a kind of wall up against it of turf*,
about two feet thick on the outside; and after some
time (I think it was year and a half) r ised rafters
from it, leaning to the rock, and thatched or covered it
with boughs of trees, nud such tling as I could get, to
keep out the rain; which I found at some times of the.
year very violent.
I have already observed how I brought all my goods
into this pale, and into the cve which I had made be-
hind me. But I must observe, too, that a t t this wa
a confused heap of goods, which,as they lay in no order,
o they took up all my place; I had no room to tu
myself: soI set myslf to enlarge my ve n d work
farther into the earth for it was a oo sandy rock,
which yielded easily to tlo labor I bestowedon it: and
so when I found I wa pretty safe as to beasts of
prey,I worked sideways, to the right hand, into the
rock; and then,turning to the rightagain, worked qite
out, and mo de me a door to come out on the ouide of
my pale rfortifiation. This gave me not only egreo and
regress, as it ewas a back way to my tent and to my
storemouse, but gave me oom to store my goods.
And now I began to apply myself to make such
neessary things as I found I nost wanted, prtieuiarly
a chair and a table; for without these I was not able to
enjoy the few mm-fort, I had in the world; I could not
write or eat, or do several things, with so much pleasure
without a table: so I went towork. And bere I must
nrels o.brve, that as reason is the substance and origin
of the mathematics, so by stating and squaring every-
thing by reason, and by nking the most ratiol judg-
ent of things, every man may be, in time, master of
every mehanicart. Ilad never hndlodatoulinmy
life; and yet, in time, by labour, application, and cn-
trivee, I found, at last, that I wanted nothing but I
could have made it, especially if I had bad tools.
However, I made abundance of things, even without
tools; and some withno more tools th an nade and a
hatchet, which perhaps werenever made that way before,
and that with infinite labour. For example, if Iwanted
a board, I' had no other way but to cut down tree, set
it on an edge before me, and he it flat on either side
with myae, till I had brought it to be thin as plank,
anod then dub it smooth with my ade. It istrue,by this
method I would make but one bard out of a whole tee;
but this I had no remedy for but patience, any more
than I had for the prodigious deal of time and labour
which ittook me up to make a plank or bea: butm
time or labour was little worth, and to it was a w
employed one way n another.
However, I made me a tableand chair, as I observed
bove, in the first place; and this I did oet of the short
pieces ofboards thatlbrought on my raft fromthe ship.
But when I had wrought some beards a above, I
made large shelves, of the breadth of a foot nds half,
one over another all alog one side of my cave, tolay all
my ools, nails, and iron-work on; and, in a word, to
separate everything at large into their place, that I
moght come rsdly at them. I knocked pieces into the
wall of the rock to hang my gns and all things that
would hanup: so-tht, had my cave been to been,
it loked mie-a general magazine of all neceary tng
nd hbdemeroytlhng so reedy at my hand, that it we e
great pleasure to me to see al my goods in ouch order,
and especially to find my stok of all neoeserie o
great.





12 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CUSOB.
And now it wa that I began to keep a journal of got upon it; but, being in shoal water, and the things frightened me dredfully, for fear of my powder. As
every day's employment; for, indeed at first, was in being chiefly heavy, I recovered many of them whenthe soon as it was over, I resolved to eparate my stoek of
too much hurry and not only hurry as to abour, but in tide was out. powder into as many little parcel. as possible, that it
toomuch discomposure omind; ndmy journalwould Oct 25-It mined all night andall day, with some might not being danger.
hate been fullof many dull things; for enmpleImuat gsota of wind; during which time the ship broke in Koc, 14.15,16.-Thee three days I spent in maldng
have said thus: "ept. S30.-After I lid got to shore, pieces, the wind blowing a little harder than beofre, and little sq chests, or boxes, which might hold about a
S. r iankful to was no mo to be seen, except the wreck of her, and pound, or two pounds at mot, of powder; and so,
S Iwith the that only at low water. I spent this n in ering putting the powder in, I stowed it in places as secure
,.- into my and securing the goodswhich had d, thatthermin and remote from one anotheras possible. On one of
Saboutthe might not spoil t-lioi. these three days, I killed a largebird that was good to














m a hchoowtokm.i i p toii ti i toe r m ti
I ,I ,

























wautheainy season. a _ce.dingly, n d cooled the i | oc.2y-ubmi nightand tllday. ohtiiag





















Oct. 2. I ateet my raft, and nrl the goods thud poaid with ,ihla tho d, i .. .
'' i rrnlto i: h I seddo faded, and eary seldom faid



lk.T --t m..y raft =d a pared ed make trilti.
[ ,, ',, . ,,. ,, ,, ,, ', ,, ', , : ,, ,' ; -, '. ,, ,






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,' .. _._ ,, ., -,-.-'- .
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hcal 'esn el"igy an le th _., t11 "r [ Dce. 24--I uhanlnhtdaly osi





'LIFE AND ADVENTURES OP BOBINSON


Dec. 25.-ain all day.
Der. i6.-No rain, sd the earth much moler than
before and pleasanter.
Dec. 27.-Killed a young goat, and lamed another so
that I caught it and led it home in a string; when I
had it at home, I bound and splintered up its leg,
which was broke.
N.B.-I took such care of it that it lived, and the
leg grew well and a strong a ever; hut, by my
nursing it long, it grew tame, and fed upon the
little green at my door, and would not go away. This
was the first time that I entertained a thought of
breeding up some tame creatures, that I might have
food when my powder and shot was all spent.
Dc. 28, 2, 31.-Gret heats, nd no breeze, so
thatthere was no stirring abroad, e pt in the evening,
for food; this tme I spent in putting all my things in
order within doors.
January l.--Very hot still: but I went abroad early
,d late with my gun, ud lay stillin the middle of the
day. This evening, going farther into the valleys which
lay towards the centre of the island, I found there were
plenty of goats, though eeeedmgly shy, and hard to
come at; however, I resolved totryif I could not bring
mny dog to hunt them down.
Jan,. f.-Accordingly, the next day I went out with
my do, and set him upon the goats; but I was ms-
tUiaen,fo they all faced about upon the dog, and
he knew his danger too well, for he would not come
toar them.
J,r. 3.-I began my fence, or wall; which, being still
jealous of my being attacked by somebody, I resolved
to make very thick and strong.
N.B.-This wall being described before, I purposely
omit wlat was said in the journal; it is sufficient to
oluerve, that I was no le.s time than from the 3rd of
Jauouaty to the 14th of Apnl working, fiishiug, andl
".grfecting this wall, though it was no moro thn aoboutm
twenty-four yards in length, being a halftciloe, fram
e.. place in the rock to other place, about eight
yids from it, the door of the cave bein in the centre
bchbin it.
All this time I worked very hard, the rains hindering
me many days, nay, sometimes weeks together; but I
thought I should never be perfectly secure till this wall
was finished; and it is sre credible ;hat inexpresi-
bl lboleur everything was done with. especially the
bringing piles out of the wods, and driving them into
the ground; for I made them much bigger than I
need to have done.
heno this wall was finished, and the outside double-
fenced, with a turf wall raid up close to it, I persuaded
myself tat if any people were to o on shore there,
they would not pereeive anything like a habitation ; and
it was vry well I did so, as may be observed hereafter,
upon a very remarkable sion.
During this time I made my rounds in the oods for
game every day when the rain permitted me, and made
frequent discoveries in these walks of something or
other to my advantage; particularly, I found a kind of
wild pigeons, which build, not wood-pigeos in a ttee
but rather as house-pigeons, in the boles of the rouks
and taking some young ones, I endeavored to breed
them up tame, and did so; but when they grew oldei
they flew away, which perha was at first for want Oi
feeding them, for I had nothing to give them; however
I frequently found their nests, and got their young
ones, which we very good meat. And now, in th,
managing my household affairs, I found myself wantiog
in many things, which I thought at first it as impos-
sible for me to make; as, indeed, with some of them i
was: ,for intance, I could never make a cask to t
hoped. I had a small runlet or two, as I observed
before; but I would never arrive at the cpacity ol
making one by them, though I spent many weeks about
it; Iould neitherput in the headsnor join thoestaes
true to one another as to make them hold water; so I
ve that also over. In the next place, I w at a great
loss for candles; so that a sooo as ever it was dark
which was generally by seven o'clock, I a obliged tU
go to bed. I remembered the lump of bes-wa witd
which I made caules in myAfrian adventure; but h
lad none of that now ; the only remedy I had was, tha
wln I had killed a goat saved th tallow,and witl
a little dish made of clay, which I baked in the sn, tu
which I added a wick of some oakum, I made me I
mp; kd this gave me light,though not a u ear stead
light like a candle. In the middle of all my labour ii
lt.ppened that, rummagiog my things, I found a littl
ling, which, as I hinted before, had ben filled with cor
for the feeding of poultry-not for this voyage, bh
before, as I suppose, when the hip eame from isbon
The little remainder of orm that had been in the bt
was all devoured by the rats, and I sa noting in th
bag but husks and dust; and being willing to have th<
bag for some other use (I think it was to put powde
iu, hen I divided itfor frar of the lightning, or som,
acl ue), I shok the husks of corn out of it on on
side of my fortifiation, under the rock.
It was a little before the great amis just now men


tioned that I threw this stu away, taking no note,
and not much as remembering that I had thrown
anything there, when, about a month after, or there-
abouts, I saw some few stalks of something green
shooting out of the ground, which I fancied might be
some plant I had not seen; but I as surprised, nd
perfectly astonished, when, after a little longer time, I
saw about ten or twelve ers come out, which wer
perfect green barley, of the same kind as oor European
-nay, as or English barley.
It is impossible to express the astonishment and con-
fusion of my thoughts on this occasio. I had hitherto
actd upon no religious foundation at all; ideed, I i ha
very few notions of religion in my head, nor had
entertained any senseof anythingthat had befallen me,
otherwise than as chance, or, as we lightly say, what
plass God without so much inquiring into the end
of Providenc in these things,or Hisrder in governing
events for the world. But after I sa barley grow
there, in a climate which I knew was not proper for
orn, and especially that I knew not how itam e there,
it startled me strangely, and I began to suggest that
God had miraculously used His grain togrow without
any help of seed sown, and that it as so directed
puly for my sutenan on that ild, miserable place.
This touched my heart a little, and bought tears out
of my eyes, and I began to bless myself that such a
digy of nature should happen upon my aunt; and
is was the more strange to me, because I saw near it
ill, all along by the side of the rock, sme other
sggling stalks, which proved to be stalks of rioe, and
ich I knew, ecaue I had seen it grow in Africa;
when I wasasho thCr.
I not only thought these the pure productions of
providence for my support, hut, not doubtingthat thelr
w more in the ple, I went all over that part of the
island whe I had been before, peering in every corner,
and under every ro, to se for mor of it, but I could
uot find ny. At last it ocurred to my thoughts, that
I shook a ag of chickens' meat out in that place; and
then the wonder began to ceose; and I must coafess,
my religious thankfulnes to God's providence began
to abate, too, upon the discovering that all this was
nothing but wha common: though I ought to have
been as thankful for so strange and unforeseen a prvi-
dece, as if it had been miraculous; for it was really
the work of Providence to me, that should order or
appoint that ten or twelve grains of o should remain
unspoiled, when the r-ts ld detrayed all the rest, as
if it had been droppedfrom hen; as also that I should
throw it out in that partieula place, here, it being in
the shade of a high rock, it spmg up immediately;
where, if I had thrown it anywhe else, that time,
it had been burnt up and destroyed.
I carefully saved the ears of this corn, you may be
sure, in their season, which was about the end of June;
laying up every orm, resolved to sow them all
gain, hoping, in time, to have s-me quantity, suficint
to uply me with broad. But it was not till the fourth
your tht I could allow myself the least grain of this
wm to eat, and eve then but sparing, I shall ay
ftrwards,in its order; forI lost all that I sowedth
trt season, by not observing the proper time; for I
sowed it jut before the dry season, so that it never
e up at all, at least not as it would have done; of
whch in its plae.
SBsides th barley, there wer, as above, twenty or
thirty stalks of rice, which I preserved with the same
c and for the sme ar, or to the same purpose-to
ke me bread, or ratherfood; for I foud waysto cook
it without hbaing, though I did that also after some time.
S ut to retrntomyJournal :-
I worked exsively hard thee three or four months,
to getmy wall done; and the 14th of April I dosed it
p,ontriving to gointo it,notby a door,bt ovr the
wall, by a ladder, that there might be no sign on the
outside of my habitation.
April -1 finished th ladder; so I went up the
ladur to the top,and then pulled it up after me, and
lt itdown inthe inside. Thiswa complete inlore
to me; for within I had oom enough, and nothing
Should cme at me from without, unless it could first
mount my wall.
SThe very next day after this wall was finished, I had
almost had all my labour overthrown at once, and
myself killed. The case was thus:--As I wasbusyin
the insid, behind my tent, just at the entrance into my
cave, I was terribly frighted with a most dreadful
surprising thing indeed; for, all on a sudden, I found
the earth come crumbling down from the mroof of my
t cave, and from the edge of the hill over my head, and
.two of the posts I had set np in the cave ucked in a
frightful manner. I was heartily scared; but thought
nothing of what was really the cause, only thinking
thatthtthetopof my cve was fallenin,aome of it had
done before: and for fear I hold eburin it, I
forward to my ladder, and not thinking myself safe
Sther neither, I got over my wall for fear of the pieces
of the hill, which I expected might roll dow upon me.
I had no sooner stepped down upon the firm ground,


.RUSOE. IS

than I plainly sawmt u a terobleo earthquake; for the
ground I stood o shook three times at about Wigt
minutes' distance, with three such shocks a wold hieB
overturned the s gt building that could b pped
o have stood other earth ; d a great pie of the top
of a k which stood about half a mile from me aset
the a fell down, with och a terrible noiae s I never
heard in all my life. I perceived al theve w
put into violent motion by it; and I believe the shoch
ere stronger mderth water than on the island.
I wa so much amazed with the thing itself, having
never felt the like, nor dioursed with any one that
had, that I was like one dead or tnpefied; and the
motion of the erth made my stomach sick, lke one
that- atossedat ma; but the noise of thefalling of
the rock awaked me, as it were, and rousig me from
the stupefied condition I was in, filled me with horror;
adlIthoughtofnothilngthanbuttheill falling ponmy
tent and all my household gods, ad buryg a t once;
and this unk my ry soul within me a s n-d t fme.
After the third shock was over, and I felt nomor f
some time,Ibegan totake outrage; and yet I had not
heart enough to go over my wall again, for fear of being
buried alive, but sat still upon the ground greatly e.t1
down and disconlat, not knowing what to do. All
this while, I had not the least serious religious thought;
nothing bt the common Lord, have mery upon me!"
and when it wan over, that went away too.
While I sat thus, I found the ai overtast, and grow
cloudy, as if it would rain. Soon after that, the wind
arose by littlittle, so that in less than half an
hour it blew a mow t dreadful hurricane, the sea was all
on a sudden covered over with foam and froth; the
shore was covered with the breach of the water; the
trees were tom up by the roots; and a terrible storm it
was. This held about three hours, and tlen beganto
abute: and in two hours more itwasquite calm, nd
began to rain very bard. All this whileI t upon the
ground, very much terrified and dejected; when on a
sudden it cam into my thoughts, that these winds and'
rain being the coasequenes of the earthquake, the
earthquake itself wam spent and over, and I might
venture into my ve again. With thi thought, my
spirits began to revive; and the rain alm helping to
persuade me, I went in and at down in my tent ut
the rain was o violent, that my tent ws ready to be
beaten down with it; and Ias forced to go ito my
cave, though very much afraid d anuneasy, for fear it
should fall on my head. This violent rain forced me to
a new wor viz. to ct a hole through mynew fortifica-
tion, lik a ik,to let the water go out, which would
else have flooded my ave. other I had been in my
tavo for some time, and found still no more shocbs of
the earthquake follow, I began to be mo composed.
oud now, to support my spirits, which indeed wanted
it ry much, I went to my itttle store, and took a small
sup of rum; which, hower, I didthen and always very
sparingly, knowing I would have no more when thatwa
gone. It continued raining all that night, and great
part of the next day, so that I could not tir abroad:
but my mind being more imposed, I began to think o
what I had best do; concluding, that if the island was
subject to these earthquakes, there would be no iving
for me in cav., but I must onasidr of building ltte
but in an open place, wch I h t lg nd with a ''
sI had done here, aoud makemysfsecuefom ld
hearts or men for I nicluded if I stayed where I was,
I should certainly, one time or other, be bured aleve,
With these thoughts, Ireolved to remove my tent
from the place where it stood, which wa just under the
hangig precipice of the hill; and which, if it should be
shaken again, would certainly fall upon my tent; and
spent the two next days, being the 19th and BOth '
April, in contriving where and bow to remove my hntbl- '
taotion. The fear of being awallowed op ali mde me
that I never slept in quiet; and yet the apprehension of
lying abroad without any fence was almost equal to it;
but still, when I looked about, and aw how etrything
was put in order, how pleasantly cocealed I wa, ad
howm sae from dauer, it made me very loath to rem e.
In the mean time, it occurred to me tht it would re-
quire a vast deul of time for me do this, and that I
must be ontented to venture where I was, till I had
formed a mpfor myself, d had secumed itsoo to
remove to it. So with this resolution I composed my-
lf for a tim, and relied that I wouldgotoork with
all sped to builldme a. it with pile and cabls., ., tin
a crle, s before, nd set up my tent in it, when it was
finished; butthat I would venture to stay where I was
till itt to remove. hThs was the 21t
April 22.-The nert morning I gn to condor of
meams to put this resolve into exectiou; out I w at
a greatlo ss about my tl. I hadth large es,at
abundance of hatchets (for we carried the hathet for
traMc with the Indians); but with much chboppi
and cutting nott bd wood, thed er am fnr L f
notches and dull; and though I a rindro I
could not turn it and grind myto Thiatme
as much thought as a statesman would have bor
up a grand point of politics, or a judge npon tbolifu





14 LIFE ANDI ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.
l. t.. i t I-. n i-p l r I i ..r i n I rn out 'n winter oted sri. for .iht v r. of























1 i7
I. ,.
























.1 1 1 1 1 .1 .. f. t, I thought o,, b. ig om fsh d thn if I had bee in the most
beforI in thee h- pm spro condition of life. Bt no, when I egn
i i i apprehension, s if to be sik, and a li ely vie of the misis of death
He was o sooner came to place itself before meo when meT spirits began
At I to tho, h-:. No, t -i v t' ;








































Make alra. I even dream of th ooo, No is is or ops t a t her t voieof mte
-1 1 ,., ,,1 ,I .o.,, ,, ., 11 f h. no, id di--.oss. y thoughtt e we,, on sed theI ?




















,, i .h mie bl.e cooditio rnsed "po s into y
yed o o on in tlhewoo, to get pigpos for foo-d, that I had ls' no divine knowledge. What I hd head with the mere appehension; and in th hurries
he tide prese ted my going to the wreck that day. received by the good istructio of my father was the of my soul, I knew not what my tone might express.
. ; . . ,
,, . .. ,
i!r:ii

,. ,,, ,, ,, L L _1 .
i~~~~ ~~ ~ ~~~ ... ... ... ', ',,' .. '", : ',"
,~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~I ,,,,. prhnin i oeih a~~yveoteirfet
^ --- ,, ; 1 ; ,; ,; fet, thoghtthe bein f~m ish d--h~ff had een~ th mos
., ,? . ,, bfr nteerh ~ e u c~i tion f ie nw h I e
I '1 I ...II 11 1 I-I I He ~ ao ~ ne m~o l~ i. l bfor me"whe m spiIshga
M t g.- W t*,o he w ,, ,, ., ," ; ,-_ : ,." t'- ;, r, ,

!, ,' .,', ", .' , ',+ ; = = ,





LIFB AND ADYENTVRES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 5.


But it was rather exclamtion, suh as, "Lord, what
mistableral rcnu m I! If I should be sic, I hall
certainly die for wmnt of help; and what will become of
me" Then theaters burst out of my eyes, and I
oouldynomore fora good while. In thm interval
the good advice of my father came to my mind, and
presently his prediction, which I mentioned at the
beginning of this story, vi. that if I did take this
foolish step God would not bless me, and I would have
leis.ur herftor to reflect pon having neglected hi
monel, when there might he none to sist in my
rovory. "NoW," said I aloud, "my dear father's
words are come to pass; God's jsti has overtek
me, rod I haeo none to hlp or hear me. I rejected
the voice of Providence, which had meriflly put me
in a poture or station of life whrin I might haver
been happy adeay; but I would neith see itmyself,
nor learn to know the being of it frommy parents.
I leftthine to mou over my folly, and now I am left
to mourn odr the consequence of it. Irefused thoi
help and distance, who would have lifted me in the
world, and would have made everything ay to me;
and now I have difcultiet to struggle with, too gret
for even nature itself to support, and no aistan, no
telp, no comfort, no advie." Then I cried out, "Lor
be my help, or I am in great distress This was the first
prayer, if I y call itso, that I had made for many years.
But to returnto my Journal:-
JuA, 28.-Having been somewhat refreshed with the
slp I had had, and the fit being entirely off I got up;
and though the fright and terror of my dream was
very greot, yet I oidered that the fit of the oague
would turn again the next day, and now o my time
to get something to refresh and support myself when
Should be ill and the first thing I did, I filled a large
square aembotte with moter, and set it upon my tble,
in rachof my bed; and ot take off the chill or aguish
disp ition of the ter, I put bout a quarter of a pint
ofm into it, and mixed them together. Then I got
me a piece of the goat's flesh, and broiled it on the
coals, but could eat very little. I walked about, but
was very weak, and withal very sad and heaoy-hearted
under a sense of my miserable condition, dreading the
return of my distemper the next day. At night, I
made my supper of three of the turtle's eggs, which
I mted in the ashes, d t, we it, in the shell,
and this was the first it of meat I had evr asked
God's bl inmg to, that I could remember, in my whole
life. After I had eaten, I tried to walk, but found
myslf so weak, that I could hardly carry a gun, for
I never went out without that; o I went but a little
way, ad sat do upon the ground, looking out upon
the sea, which as just before me, and very clm and
smooth. As I st here, some such thoughts asoothese
occurred to meW:--hat is this earth and sem of which
Have seen so much? When isitproduced? And
what am I, and all th th their creatures, wild and tame,
humanandbrutal? When orweo ? Surewe reall
made by some secret power, who formed the earth and
sea, the air and sky. Ad who is that? Then it
followed most naturally, it is God that h made all.
Well, but then, it me on strangely, if God has made
all these things Heguidehi and governs them all, and
al things that conrm them for the power that would
make l things, must certainly have power to guide
and direct them. If so, nothing can happen in the
great ircuit of His works, either without His knowledge
or appointment.
And i nothing happens without His knowledge. He
knows that I am here nd m in this dredful condition;
and if nothing happens without His appointmet, He
has appointed a thisto befall me. Nothing erred to
my thought to mconth ict any of these onclion, and
therefore it rested upon me with grater force, that
it must needs be that God had appointed all this to
befall me; that I wa brought into this miserable cir
cugrmatem by His direorteon, He havintog the sole power,
not ofme oyhutofeverythingthat hapo t
world. I ediatey rit oowd,-Why h Goddone
thistome? Wht haveIdone to be thmused? My
conscience presently checked me in that inquiry, as if I
had blasphemed, and methougt it spoke to me like a
voico-"Wretch! dostthou mho what thou hast done?
k hback upon a dreadful misspent lif, and ask thy-
self what thou hast ot dane ? Ak, why is it thatthou
wert not long ago destroyed? Why wermt thou not
drowned in Yarmouth Bolds; killed in the fight when
the ship wa taken by the Salee man of war; devoured
by the wildbeastson the ot of ria; or drowned
e, whe an theew perished but toyself D? tMtyu
sk, What have I done? I was struck dumb with
these reflection, one astonished, and hd not a wod
to say,-no, not to answer to myel, t roe up pensive
and sad, and walked hack to my reteat, nd t up
over my wall, if I had been going to bed; bt my
thought were oadly disturbed, and I had no inclination
too eosl ; s I Bat down in my chair, od lighted my
lmp for it ba tob dr No, tho ppral'he
sion of the return of my distemper terrifed me vmy
much, it otenred to my thought, that the Branlian
take no physic but their tohembacco for almost ao dlstem-


pr, and I had a piee of a rol of tobacco in one of
the hests, whih was quit cured, and some also that
was gen, and not quite cured.
I went, directed by Hoarn no doubt; for in this
hest I found a cur both for oul ao d body. I opened
the chest, and found what I looked for, the tobacco;
and as the few books I had saved lhey there too, I took
out one of the Bibles rhich 1 mentioned before, rod
which to this time I had notfound leisure r ilintio
to look into. I say, I took it out, and brought both
that and the tbao withmetothe tabl. hat use to
make of the tobho I knew not, in my distemper, or
whether it was good for it orno: but I triedseral
eperments with it, as if I was resolved it should
hit one way or other. I rsttook a piece of leaf, d
chewed it in my mouth, which indeed, at rt almost
stupefed my brain, the tobacco being green d stron,
ano that I had not been much used to. Then I tooe
some and steeped it an hour or two in some rum, and
rolled to tote a dose of it when Ilay down: and,
astly, I burnt some upon a pan of coals, and held my
nose o over the smoke of it m log a I could bear
it, o well for the heat, os almost for suffo tion. In
the interval of this operation, I took up the Bible, rd
began to read; but my head was too much disrobed
with the tobacco to ear reading, at least t that time ;
only, having opened the book usually, the first words
that occurred to me wer these, "Cal on me in the day
of trouble,and Iwill deliver the, and thou sh lt rify
me" Thee words were very apt tomy c, 'd mle
some impression upon my thoughts at the time of read-
tog them, though not so much or they did afteorards;
for, a for being ddlied, the word had no found, as I
may say, to me ; the thigh was so remote, so impossible
in my apprehenson of things, that I hgan to ry.,the
children of Israel did when they were promised i sh to
eat,"Can God spread a table in the wilderne ?" o I
hegan to y, "Can God hielf deliver me from this
pola?" Andoasitwas notfor m y yr that hopes
appeared, this prevaoiled very often upon my thoughts;
but, however, the words made a great impression upon
me, and I mused upon them very often. It grew ow
late, d the tobacco had, s I mid, dazed my head o
muoh tht indinedtosleep; soIleft mylamp burning
hi the ve, lest I should want anything in toe night,
and w t tobed. Butbefor I lay dow, I did what I
ne0v had done in all my life-I kneeled daon and
prayed to God to fil the promise to me, that if I called
upon him in the day of trouble, he would deliver me.
After my broken and imperfect pyer was oer, I
dr nte in hio h I had stmped too toahoo, whih
w so stog ad rank f the toaco that I could arel
get it don; immediately upon this I went to bed,
ond presently it flew up into my head iolently; buot
I fell into a sound leep,and waked no more till, by
the sun, it must necssatriy be near three o'clock i the
afternoon of the next day-r y, to this hour I am partly
of opinion that I lept all the next day and night, and
till almost three the day after; for otherwise, I know
not how would lo e a day out of my reckoning i the
days of the w it appeared o years after I had
done; for if I had lt it by rising and recrossing the
Line, I should have lost mom timn one day; but cr-
tainly I loeta day in my account, and never knew which
way. Be that, horeer, on u y or the other, when
I awaked I found myself exceedigly refreshed, and
my spirits lively and cheerful; when I got up Iwra
stronger than I was the day before, and my stomach
better, for I washungry; d, in short I had nofit the
next day, but continued mouh altered for the better.
This ws the 29th
The 30th as my well day, of course, and I wet
abhrod with my gun, but did not care to travel too far.
I killed asea-fowlrtwo, something like a brand goo,
and brought them home; but was not very forward to
eat them; o I eat some more of the trtle's eggs,
which were y good. This. reining I renewed the
medicine, which I had supposed did me good the day
befor-the tobacco stped in rum; only I did nottake
so muh oa before, nor did I chew any of the leaf, or
hold my head over the moe however, I ws not so
well the next day, whih was the firt of July, as I
hoped I should hve been; forI hd a little spice of the
old fit, but it a not muoh.
Jul 2.-I renewed the medicine all the three wyr;
and dsed myself with it as at first, and doubled the
qmatiy which I drank.h
July 3-I mIsed the fit for good and al though I
did not rover my full strength for ome weeks after.
Whi w I wa thus gathering stregth my thoughts ran
exceedingly opon tis Seripte, "I wilt deliver thee ";
and the impo iiity of my delieance lay much upon
my mind, br of my expeting it; hutaswas
disorag mnylf tith such thoughts, it occurred to
my t I por so much upon my dliloramra
from the msiain G cton, that I dis ded the delivr-
n I hadreeived and I was, at were madto ak
metlf uch etheo as the; i: Haver I not been
dlihermtd a ndwoornderfolytotyorom edtoenfrom Gto
most distosed condition tat could be, aond th mt o
frightful to meP and what notice hbad I taken of it?


Had I dom my part? God had delivered me bat id
not gloried Him-that i to say, I had not owned and
been thankful forthat u a deliorveran ; and how could
I opert grter dhvera hT touched my he rt
ary much; d immediately I knelt don, and gave
God thanks aoud for m y weooroy -nfrom my rihe
Julyd4. tthooooor.oho-Inohteho he lo; and, beoin-
ning atthe Nr Tei metyf o, I begaserioul to rad it
and imposed po yf to reada while every morn-
iog and every orz Jioot tying myslf to thenumbor of
"ohptero, hot h y my thoughts should eogago im
Itmra I al t seriously to this work, till I
found myh ar deeply and' inom t affesteds ith
the riastrlet. Thie mpresonof my

thoughts. Ituearnestly oberging of God to ive me0
repentance, rhe it happened providentially, the very
day,thatradimgthe Se, I t aemtor hae to these wordo
"ie is egaltd o Pimc e and a ojiorr, to give rpenot-
"ICan d gtge remdion" I there down the book
and with mybhrt ws well as my bhads lifted up to
heaen, ino kind of ecstasy of joy, I cried out alood
" Jesus, thom Son of David i sus,thou eralted Prince
and Savioo!r gie in rpentancOet This as the firat
timeo I mold sary,n th true orsense of thewordat I
pmyed in llmy mlife; fornoa I fpra witho aEnseof
myoondition,aodoatrue Sripturevierof hopefoondod
on th encouragement of the Word of God; and from
this ti;e, I may ay, I began to haoe hope that God
would bear me,
No I begnt to onatrue the aord menrtioned haboe,
ol tCalo me, ad I will dt weeiver t hey," i dfr to ro
from ohatIhad ever doone fore; for thenlha d no

delivered from the roptivity Ita in; faor though ar
indeed a ft lrgo thr pface, yott th o my orand a taoly
a priono to me, and that in the orstsense intheorld
But noo Iflemed to taoe it in another sense: nowl
looked bhl po my poat life with tuch horor, my
min: adppredo my sodod fo idireyouodoghtoo onhthg,
God e iverance from the lood of guilthat fmr
do all my comfort. As for my solitay fife, ith-
othif i not, I soogmohash prayto db teliroafnf
it, or thi oft iht wrts all ofndo ooiedrtio noom-
prison to this. And Io d Itt port hoer, to hhit to
whoever shall read it, that whenever they come to a
truesenseof tdhig, theoy ill tnd deltr n ano from hin
a muht rehro nghofr h aog thn dofeivrone; from aictiohrd.y
But, leaving this prt, I return tomy Jounal:-
My yodition d hon low 0to e, though wot oessnt mIsr-
able as to myway of living, et much easier to my
rmind and ty ought be hi directed, by a constant
reading tooe Sripturrs nod praytoG to God to things of a
hig at e I had gr deal of o mfort itohin,
whtill nf tiowm, Irmenotong of; sof, y hin art ood
strength retoro d,I hbestirr myself to furnish myself
livig = g r -gfor as I toold.
From the 4th of July to tIhe Ith, I as hiefoy
employed in aled ing about oth my gun in my r and, a
little and a little at time, as a man that ro gathering
p iio strength after a t of sicha u; for it to hardly
to ob ironsogi hom lomI w at nod othtorh ot me remI
as redurd. Tho application which I made o e of
perfe tly ne, anld royh d perhaps had never cured an
age before; neitht r can I recommend it to any to
prtctise,tby toht. rperiment; rod though it did arory off
the t, yet it rather contributed to oearening me; for
I had frequent onlions tin my nerves and limbs for
some time. I learned from it also this, in particur,
tothat big abroad t to aigy s m Gas theomost pert-
niious0 thing to my health that ,old be, specill into
tome raointr rith msaottendd oitht otrmsandrhtrnt-
ane of ind; for sthe rain ohioh am in theory
season ots almost las ac ompni by such storms,
rint hich fell in September and October
I had nor been Io this unthppy island above ten
months. AIl possibility of deliranoroe from this on-
dition seemed to be enterly taen from me; rand I
thml believed that no human shape had verset foot
opooG td ptie. Haoting no oeulred my habitationo.
mad a more perfect dinogry of the islandro, and to see
bhat other productions I might tnd, which I yet Inme
enoug of.
It mo oan the 15th of Jofy tht I gman to tahe
moma particrlar roey of theG ad iset I mntup
thr gro irost, whor hinted, I roght rmyrf oth
shorfe IfodI found after amer aot two mil eo p, othot
the tide did not tom ay higher, and that it mas no
more than a little brooe of roning oator, vry frorh
and good; bht this being the dry samot, toer mo
hardly ry roater in some parts of it-t leat, not
erotod on inr anoytram, masit oldbepecid,
On tGe bans of tiot brooa I found many pleh ant
msavannahs or meadows, pain, smooth, rond ord ith
mras anrd on the Gisig parts of them, nmxt to the
higher roondm, here toe mater, SB might he rippoed,
0neer0 overoed Ifoond aogrt dal of tobhom, grr,





16 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OFP OBINSON COUSOE.


I r I e ... i oFw e .,a 1 F o id.her i Iwa I a g 'F th. ha"tl I iA u us- dr, hl iFlF Fi .F O ..n t o


FF'...... i" F IFIF.- '., x -










.,a F .. ..F, ,



























































Ton weight, I I ept tis day as .aln f et it aa T aofF F o e w e Nov e Z -
i I





















































long qd hngF tFFeF p F e F r F i et d her, and January, and the half of Febray-dry, the
ot n i h ,th iht d dry with s itin f ing y i being the. to the ath f the fine.




















us mn.y hark as I culd -11 atand order. "c, ag pU happ d blbtts w ne a
c.t is the ri of tat aly, and e d f t .. .o e.. .ith took



th pla n eso ten I te cat bis it- k and b ch of grap... .- fu ish ysefth t ato t w h p.r.is',o's beforehand, that, ,






Sthat id h ter and the ad t to bd, finishing the day ,, w., F F
F ..F F F,,.. ,. F, ", F F F. F F F F F... ... .... ..







F F F . ... .F





LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF BOBINSON. CIUSOE. 17


Such a possible during the wet months. This time famliarly. But the accident that followed, though it
I found much employmet, and overyeifable els to the obe tril, will be ey diverting in it, place.
time. for I found great occasion for man things whih I a m e eedgly de t divte with hout ey. I found
I bad no way to furnish myself with but by hard labor l the low grounds hre(s (I thought themto be) and
and instant appliation prticularlyI tsidrmie mywaysf oes; hot they differed greatly frm all the other kinds
to mae myself a st, but all the twig I Iooldget I had met with, nor ld I satisfy myself to at them,
for the purple proved brittle that they would do though I killed several. But I had no need to be ten-
nothing. It poeved of excelent edvantge t me now, torous, for I had no want of food, and of that which w
that when I was a boy, I used to take great delight in very good, too, especially these three sorts, vi. goats,
standing at a baeketmaker', in the tow where my pigeons, and tortle, or tortoise, which, added to my
father lived, to sthhem make their wicker-ware; and grapes, Leadenhll-mahet would not hae furnished a
being, boys uully are,ery ocious to help, and a able better than I, in proportion to the mmpany; and
great obeerve of the manner in which they worked though my cse was deploeble enough, yet I had great
those things, and ametime lending a h ha d by d cause for thankfdness that I was not driven to y
these means full knowledge of the methods of it, and extremitie for food, but had rather plenty, even to
I wanted nothing but the materials, when it came into dainties.
my mind tht the twigs of that tree from hence I cut I never traelled in thies jouey abohe two miles oot-
my stako that grew might possibly be as tough as the eight in a day, thereabouts; but I took somanytus
allows, willows, and osiers in Egland, and I resolved and retus to me what discoveries I could make, that
to try. Acordingly, the net day I ent to my country I me weary enough to the place where I resolved to
house, I lled it, and cutting some of the aller sit down all night; and then I either reposed myself in
twigs, I found them to my purpose a much as I would a tree, or surrounded myself with a row of stakes set
desire; whereupo I came the net time prepared with upright in the ground, either from one tree to another,
a hatchet to cut down a quality, which I soo found, or as no wild creature could come at me without
for the ws gret plenty of them. These I setup to waingme.
dry within my circle or hedge, ad when they were fit As soon I came to the ea- hoe., I was surprised to
fo use, I ared them to my cave; and here,during the see that I had taken up my lot on the worst side of the
ne0t season, I employed myself in making, as welas I island, for here, indeed, the shore was veered with
could, a great many baskets, both to carry earth or to innumerable turtles, whereas on the other side I had
carry or lay up anythg, o I had occasion; and though found but three in a year and a half. Hee s also
I did not finish them very hadsmely, yet I made them an infinite number of fowls of many Iinds, sme which
suffieinty serviceable for my purpose and thus, after- I had seen, and some which I had not seen before, and
wards, I took careneer to be without them; and asmy many of them very good met, but such as I knew not
wickerware delayed, I made more, especially strong the names of, except those called penguins.
deep bsts to place my corn in, instead of sacks, when I could have shot as many as I pleased, hut was very
I should come to have any quantity of it. sparing of my powder ad shot,and therefore had more
Havingmasteredthisdificulty,o demployedaworld mind toll ashegot, if I could, which I could better
of time about it, I bestirred myself to se, if possible, feed on; and though there were m y goats here, more
mt r wat. 1 had no vessels to hold than on my side the island, yet it was with much more
liquid, e -ept two runlets, which diicltythat I uld ome near them, the country being
wee almost full of rum, and sme glass bottle-stmoe Bat and even, and they saw me much sooner than when
of the common size., d others which were case-battles. I waas ou the hills.
Square, for the holding of water, spirits, &e. I hd ot I confess this side of the country much pleasanter
so much spot to boil anything, except a get tt thn mine; but yet I had not the least iuclinatioe to
which I saved out of the ship, and which was too big moe, for as I was field in my habitation it became
for such a I desired it, vi. to make broth, and stew a tural to me, and I seemed all the while I was here to
bit of meat by itself. The eond thing I fain would be as it were upon a journey, and from home. However,
have ad was a tobacco-pipe but it was impossible to I travelled along the shore of the sea towards the east,
,e to make one; however, I found a ontric fo I suppose about twelve miles, and the setting up a
that, too, at lt. I employed myself in planting my great pole upon the shao for a mark, I concluded I
second row of stakes or pdles,and in this eick-working would go home again, and that the next jou ey I took
ill the summer or dry so, when another business should be on the other ide of the island east from my
took me up more time than it could be imagined I would dwelling, and so round till I me to my post again.
spare. I took another way to come back than I went, think-
I mentioned before that I had a great mind to see the ing I could easily keep all the island so much in my
whole island,and that I had travelled up te bo d view, th h ood at I could not mim finong my toot doell g by
so on to here I built my bower, and where I had an viewing the country; but I found myself mistaken, for,
opening quite to the sn, on the other side of the island. being come about two or three miles, I found myself
I now resolved to travel quite aross to the sea-shore on defended into a very large valley, ut so surrounded
that sde; so, taking my gun, a hatchet, and my dog, wit hills, and those ills covered with wood, that I
d a larger amout oF powder and shot than usual, could not se which was my y by direction but
with to biscuit kes and a great bunch of raisins in that of the sun, nor even then, ule I knew very well
my pouch for my store, I began my journey. When I the portion of the s atthattime of day. It happened,
had passed the vale where my bower stood, as above, I to my further misfortune, that the weather poved hay
uroee within view of the sea to the est, and it being for three or four days while I s in the valleyand not
a very clear day, I fairly described land-whether an being able to see the sun,I wadered about very om-
island or a cotinent I could .ot tUll; htt it lay very fortably, and at last was obliged to find the sea-side,
high, extendig from the W. to the WS.W. at a very look for my post, nd come bck the ame way I went:
geat distance; by my guess, it could not be les than and then, by easy joumey, I turned homeards, the
fifteen or twenty leagues off. weather being exceeding hot, ad my gn, ammunition,
I could not toll what part of the world this might be, hatchet, and other things, very heavy.
otherwise than I knew it must be part of Americ ad, In this joumey my dog surprised a young id, and
as concluded, by all my obserations,must be near the sied upon it; and I, running in to tae hold of it,
Spnish dominions, od perhaps as all inhabited by aught it, and ved it alive from the dog. I had i
savages, where, if Ihad landed,I had been in a worse gret mind to bring it home if I could, for I d often
condition than I as now ; and therefore I acquiesced been musing whether it might not be possible to get a
in the dispositions of Providece, which I began now to kid or two, nd so raise a breed of tome goats, which
owe and to believe ordered everything for the best; I might supply me when my powder and shot should
say I quieted my mind with this, and leftoff affliting be all spent. I made a collar for this little creature,
myself with fruitless wishes of being there. and with a string, which I made of some rope-yao,
Besides, after some thought upon this affair, I con- which I always carried about with me, I led him alog,
idered that if this land wa the Spanish coast, I should though with some difficulty, till I came to my bower,
certainly, one time or other see some vessel pas or and there I inlosed him and left him, for I was very
rcpass one way or other; but if not, then it wes the impatient to be athome,from whece I had been abent
savage cot between the Spanish country and Brazils, above a month.
where are found the worst of savges; for they are I cannot express what a satisfactie it was to me to
cannibals, or meeaters, and fail not to murder and come into my old hutch, and lie dow in my hammc-
devour all the human bodies that fall into their bed. This little wandering journey, without settled
hands, place of abode, had been so unpleasant to me, that my
With these nsiderations, I walked very leisurely own houe, a I called it to myself, w a perfect ettl
forward. I found that side of the island where I no met to me compared to that; and it rendered eery-
was much pleasater than mine--the open or rsamnnah thing about me eomfartable, that I remoled I would
field sweet, domed with flowers ud grass, ad fullof never go a great way from it again, while it should be
very fine woods. I saw abundane of parrots and fain my lot to stay o the itlaod.
I mould have aught one, if possible, to hae kept it to I reposed myself here a ee, to rest and regale
be tame,and taught it to speaktome. I did,after some myself after my long journey; during which, most of
painstaing, tch a yomg parrot, for I knockeditdow the time was taken up t the weighty affair of making
with a stick, ndhangrecoeredit, I broughtit home; a cage for my Poll, who began no to be a mere
but it wassome years before I could make him spenk; domestic, and to be well aquntd with me. Thee
however, at last, I taught him to call me by name very I began to think of the poor kid which I had penned


in within my little cirle, and resolved to go anl fetch
it home, o give it smme food; aeordingly I went, and
found it where I left it, for indeed it could not get ogt
bat was almosttared for want of food. I went md
tot boughs of ees, and brnces of tuch tshrube e I
could find, and threw it oer, and having fed it, I tied
it as I did before to lead iti away; but it was mo tme
with being hungry, that I had no need to have tied it,
for it f lloaed me the a dog; and asI mntinually fed
t, the creature besemesloving,sogen~nd so od
that it beme from that timeone of my domestic also,
and would never leave me afterards.
The raiy season of the autumnal eqoinrl was now
om and I kept the th of September in the same
solemn manner a before, being the anniversary of my
landing on the island, havin now bden thee two years,
and no mor prospect of being delivered than the first
day I came there. I t the whole day in humble
and thanful akowledgments of the many wonderful
mercies which my solitary condition a attended with,
and without which it might have been infmltely mom
miserable. I gave humble and hearty thanks that od
had been pleased to discover to me that 1ita psble
I might be more happy in this solitary condition than
I should have been m the liberty of society ead inall
the pleasures of the world; that He could fully make
up to me the deficiencies of my solitsry stato, and the
want of human society, by His preence d the mm-
munimation of His grace to my soel; supporing,
comforting, and encouraging me to depend upon His
proidrene hee, and hope for His eternal prsce
hereafter.
It wasonow that I began snsibly to feelhow minh
more happythis life I now led was, with all its miserable
circumstances, than the wicked, cursed, abominable life
I led all the past part of my days; and no I changed
both my sorrows and my joys; my very desire aled
my affections changed their gusts,and my delights sre
perfectly new from what they were at my first coming,
or, indeed, for the two years past.
Before, as I walked about, either on my hunting, of
for viewing the coutry, the anguish of my soul at my
condition would break out uponme on a sudde,and my
try heart would die within me, to think of the woods,
the mountains, the deserts I aaas mi, and how I was a
prisoner locked up with the eternal be and bolts of
the ocean, in an uninhabited wildeess, without re-
demption. In the midst of the goeatst composer of
my mind, this would break out upon me like a rtom,
and make me wring my hands and weep liHe a child.
Sometimes it would taeme in the middle of my work,
and I would immediately sit down and sigh, and loo
upon the ground for an hour or two together; and this
was still worse to me, for ifI could burt out to tear,
or vent myself by words, it would go off, and the grief,
having exausted itself, would abate.
But now I began to exercise myself with new
thoughts: Idaily read the Word of God, and applied all
the comforts of itto my preut atate. One moving
being very sad, I opened the Bible upon thee words I
will never, never leave thee, nor foake thee." Im-
mediately it occurred that these words were to me;
why else should they be directed ina such manner just
at the moment during ovhenmy onenditiomi
as one foraken of God d man "Wel, then," id
I, If God does not forsake me, of what ill consequence
an it be,or what matters it, though the world should
all forsake me, seeig on the other hand, if I had all the
world, a d should los the favour and hbising of God,
there would be no com ri in the loss?"
From this moment, I began to conclude my mind,
that it w possible for me to be mo happy in this for-
saken, solitary mndition, than it was pobable I should
ever have been in any other particular state in the
world; and with this thought I was going togie thanks
to God for bringing me to this place. I know not what
it was, but something shohced my ind at that thought,
od I durst not speak the words. How canet thou be-
omesuchaypocrite," said I, even audibly," to ptemd
to be thankful for a condition, which, however thou
mayt endeavor to be contented with, thou woeldst
Spray heartily to be delivered from So I
stopped there, but though I could noty I thanked
Godfor being there, yet I sinerely gave thanks to God
for opening my eyes, by whatever affiiting proidene,
to see the former onditi of my life, ad to mon
for my wickedness, ead repent. I neer opened the
Bible, or shut it, but my very soul within me blessed
God for directing my friend England, without my
order of mine, to pack it up among my goods,and f
assisting me afterwardto sae it out of the wreck of
the ship.
Thus, and in this disposition of mind, I bhgae my
third ye; andthouh have not given the read the
trouble of so particular an amount of my woras this
yea the first; yet in generalit may be observed, that
I was very ldom idle, bt having ngelaely divided my
time according to the several daily employments that
were before me, such as, first, my duty to God, and
the reading the Scriptures, which I estantly set apet
al3





18 LIFE AWD ADENTIDUES OF BOBINSON CRUOE.


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W I Ir t i r b d i I


t, h k






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At.. .t. ., ,, ,,,, 1
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.. .. . .. ..1 1 1 ,, 'I ' ,'. ,,' "





LIFE AND ADVENTURES OP ROBINSON CBUSOB. 19

three large pipi nd two or three pt, in e ne world, I baked my barley aves, and become, in little -adifficty muchharder for to srmwnt tnall
a great heap of embeto nded them. I pled the fi myself several cakls and uddmni of the rice; but I for what was it to me, if when I had chosen n a vit trte
withh fuel round the outside, and upon the top, till made no pies, neither had f anything to put into them, in the woods, and with much trouble cut it doie, if I
:.d iten -i hth able it td r b f
I saw the pots in the inside red-hot quite through, and suopposing I had, exept the fesh either of fowls or ad been able with my tools to hew and dnb the outlde
observed that they did not crack at all. When I saw goats, nto the prper shapo of a boat, and hm or ct out
them clear red, I let them stand in that t beat ive t v it need not be wondered at if all these things took tie inside to make it hollow, o a to make a bat of it
ore i our, till I fond one of them, though it did not me up most paet of the third year of my abode hr ; -if, after al this, I must leave it just there where
crak, did melt or run ; for the sand which was mied for, it is to be observed, that in the intervals of these I found it, and not be able to launch it into the
with the clay melted by the violence of the eat, and things I hadmynewhaest d husbandryto manage; water?
would have run into glsif I had gne on; s lakd for reped my corn in its ean,and carried it home One would have thought I could not have had the


very good (I will not say handsome) pipkins and two And now, indeed, my stock oforn incasing, I really my thought wer so intent upon my voyage over the
S ., '. '! desired, wantedto build mybah s bigger; Iwanted aplme to sea in it, that I never once considered howI should get
th' .. .1 o n- I r maingof lay upin, for the increase of the corn ow yielded it offtheo andd itasreally, in tsownnatre, mor
the ndme o much, that I -had of the barley bot twenty easy for me to guide it over forty-five miles in sea, than
After this experiment. I need not y that I wanted bushels, and of the rice as much or more isomuch about forty-five fathoms of land, where it lay, to set it
no sort of earthen re for my use; but I must needs that no I resoled to begin to use it freely; for my afloat in the water.
says to the shapes of them, they were ery indiffent, bread had been quite gone a great while; al I resolved I went to work upon this boat the most like a fool
as any one may oppose, when I ad no way of making to see what quantity would e sufficient for me a whole that ever man did, who ad any of his sense awake.
them but as the children make dirt pies, or as a woman year, and to ow but once a year. I pleased myself with the design, without deteImitni g
woull make pies that never learnedto raise paste. Upon the whole, I found that the forty bushels of whether I was ever able to undertake it; not but that
No joy at a thing of so mean a nature was ever equal barley and rice were mnch more than I could consume the diioulty of launching my boat came often into my
to mine, when I found I had made an earthen pot that in a year; so I resolved to sow just the same qucaotity head; but I put a stop to my inquiries intoit, by ts
would bear the fire; and I had hardly patience to stay every year that I sowad lthe last, in hopes that such a foolish answer, which I gae myself: Let me first
till they were cold, before I set on makeit I warrant I will nd some wayor other toget

Si i i -'" i .. "- w I







w ,' p e i -t t a- n -e ad my and a l my c go
I. ii the tight of getting oer to Whee hod goe troogh th. we k, I ws etemely
Delighted with it. -The oet wee rea- y moh bigger














'i. *' 'No" I Now I wisheed for my boy Xury, and the long- than er I cano period ga, that w made of
ag ist Ii i butis you mye ne; and had I gotten it into theater,
tmyelf .1 ,, ,, loohk at our e question t uld egnthemddet
brmne.tdfliultyws to i u upon voyage, and the most unlikely to be performed, that
dress my meal, ad to part i -. ... i to get it into the water failedme;
S, .. infinite labur too. It lay about
'. high one hundred yards from the water and not more but





,"r' "-' .'+J '








'~~~',~- -~' *,- .'- ... ,",1- i',-1 heartily' ; and now I saw, though too
1 1 11 "1 t i r, beginning a work before we count the
r, and nt abve nine in deep. The I et, though I gve ovr the hopes of the bot, my and before we udg rightly of or ow strength to
u l ino the fire, oa ha oe the t her, and ai dei t entire er the m in inc ved, ter go though withn, tth it.
Shem watn to eke, I mad agreao than decead, a the m s forit emed itmpossie. t the mi ddloe fthi worh, I finished my foth year
S 1.,, which I had paved with some This at length put me upon thinking whether it we in this pleo and kept my naniveesary with the mime
r l gugndheuingas; bnt I nuot po Iihibe d to make myselfaa, uh i a with p uths odertasi eer thefte forng








Sas te natives of those climate mae, en without by a constant study and terious applot% o to tlW



w o" e' i re- t hurmed a retty much into teos, or, as I e might my, without hands, of the trunk oft of God, and by the smistane of His graeg I gained a
'hem esy, d plead myslf extremely with the thoughts tsined different notions of things. I looked now Upon
i i i i i of making it, and with my having much mor the world as thing remote, whch I hd nothing to do
"ng venien for it than nny of the Negroes or Indians; but withno expectation from, andindeed, o desires about :
S not at all considering the ptur inconvenience in aword, Ihad notingindeed to do with it, n

,ruer the 'uride of the pot, to keep ineund add to the which I lay under more than the Indians did, viz. want everreiely to have; sI thought it bookedas we may
S d thus, us we s in the et o in e of to moe itheitwas madeto thewa phaps k upon it er er, as I





20 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOm.

lived in, but ome out of it; nd well might I ay, their cae might have been, if Providenc had thought my break, I mea the biscit hih brought ot of the
as Father Ahbrham to Dives, Between me eod thee is fit. ship; this I had huhaonded to the sost degree, allowing
a great gulf field I had another refletion, which assisted me also to myself but one cae of bd a day for above year;
SIn the first place, I wasremoed fomallth wicked- comfo my mind with hopes; and this was omp- and yet I was quite without bread for near a year be-
nes of the world he; I had neither the luat of the g mypresen t sittiowith whatIhdesered d fre gotanyoro o n; andgrat ren I had
h the lts of the eye, nor the prid of life. I hd hd therefore ron to epect from the head of to bethnful tht I had any t al, the getting it
othigto coet,fr I hd all that I wa now cpable Providence. I had lived a dreadful life, perfectly eing, en has already been oberved, next to mira-
f -I tT i-- -nor; or, if I destitute of the knowledge and fear of God' I had u.
S.- i .. per over the been well instructed by father and mother; neitherhad y clothes, too,began to delay; as to linen, I had
there were no they been wanting to me, i their early endevouos to had none gooa while,eoept some hequered ahi rt
Si, i tesovereigoty inf~e a religion awe f Gd intomymind, aseaseof which found in thechetsof the other eamen, nd
or command with m: I might have risd ship-loadings y duty, n d what the ntue and end of my being which I carefully prered; because many times I
of co, but I had no ue for it; s I let a little go w rtuird of m. lButale falling aly intothesfaring uld bear no other othes on but a shirt; and it aa
i L ,- i I ic i i -,''.,., i.-i-. 1 iiat I hadi, e ong all the men'as
."' i". ."i" I *'' i -- -- .. ., I il r- I II i .. t ~three do enof shis. There
1 '. ... i i i .' -, ..' i erd thick wateh- Uat of the
,. i ..- i f ut they were to hotto
S i -' .'. .. I I : ii' e tht the weather wa
Sn no nomil of clothes, yt I
., -. ,, a .d--no, though I hail been in-
i' ''i'''.*. not; -nor mould I abide the
1 .I i I oldne T earthe h ,y I









































which, I had wrated for teem te wre, wcapoes ice 00cc of blmk open the paper As long asit looted f but if itdid ottrdoeneeaeaddeawin, it was net
e "o' 1 h die f t ..... 1 't -_ .- ,n uite in, ith some










































defence, -nd gunpowder and shot getting my m so it to mint dn the days of the month po r me any way t ,, er my head, which
fo'oid.e. :on which ay re m kaIbl thing happened to m ; ,nd woald net de. Howeer, eatat T sid,f, I,:ae .
..I spent whole hos I m y wh d, first, y eating p time pt, rem red thathee o nwe, and ered it with in, the hair pws,
mac haie- itdhad ee nohli out of the mevhhlli Fd.!bihi.tt o p, hp, e ei .s.. efferta..ly, that I ..d a-lk



SI ll of
th I ti th t a i wn ;' A t h. f t d e ndw- wa i -. a I









hmefese tahe assof some eor n y e et t to m n dei tedasn th of orina e but ove y he
howmnhwmdieeaefo m nd w idy myihe h Iing ..ened tht oti ; n gw y ho pp d d to me, hnt I lived ont o the
I sentwhoe our, Ima mywhan ays iarero-firt y inguptims p~t I meme~ tht ter to swrandcovre itwit sins th hir pwads
i... y' ... ivl elu' o I, stg......fdasintev n poi teti... T h nlkeapnth e k
-i i ii . i1 ~" i i i i i i i i i i ,- i i i ii i ii i ii ,- ,, d -
.~~~~~~ Ii ILI I I i .iI it I I i 1i .. i 1 1i~ l ;






y a yf; it e ~ v in ? e '1 ,! r, ,, i ,, ,fi i.
how muhwr h csso m e .adi enx hn t yikbig vtd tato riay hn apnd omhtIlie nl h





LIFE AND AD7VNTVgES OF BOBINSON CBRSOE. 21


me in the te same prt and plaee, a before;
the hiehf things I m emp loyed i beeidke my yerly
labour of planting my arley ay d nee, and curing my
aiioe, of both whio I almay. kept up juat enough to
ve suffienft ttock of o year's provaon beforehand
I say, besides this yearly labour, and my daily puuit
of going out with gun, I had one bo, to make
canoe, thieh at last fiihed O at, by dig o a
canalt to it of six feet wide and four feet deep, I bgh
itinto the creek, almost half a mile. As for the first,
which w vastly big, for I made it without onsider-
ing beforehoad, a I ought to have done, how I should
be able to nch it, so,neverbeing able to bring itinto
Sthe water to it, I wa obliged to let
it lie where it a a memorandum to teach me to be
wiser the next time: indeed, the next time, though I
could not get a tree proper for it, and was in a place
where I could not get the water to it at ay less
distance than, as I have aid, near half a mile, yet, a I
saw it was practicable at last, I never gave it over; and
though I was near two years about it, yet I ner
grudged my labour, in hopes of having a boat to go off
to e at lat.
However, though my little perdguo was finished, et
the sle of it wa not t all ansrable to the design
which I had in view when I made the first; I mean of
venturing over to the trrt firm, where it wam above
forty mtile brod ; a~oerdingly, the smallness of my bot
aisted to put an end to that dig, andnow I thought
no moreof i As I had a boat my next deig was to
make a cruie round the island; for a I hadbeen on
the other side in on place, crssin, as I hae already
decibed it, over the land, so the distovetiet I made in
that little ]o ey made me vereager to see other
parts of the coast; and no I had a boat,I thought of
nothing but sailing roud the island.
For this purpose, that I might do everything with
discretion and conideratio, I fitted up a little mat in
my bot, nd made a l tooout of otof the piees
of the ship's sails which lay in store, d of which I had
a great stoeek by me. Having fitted my mat ad ail,
and tried the boat, Ifound she would sail very well
then I made little locker, or boxes, at each endof my
boat, to put provisions, n, er ammunition, c.,
into, to be kept dry, either from rain or the spray of
the sea; ad a little, long, hollo place I cut in the
inside of the bott, where I could lay my gun, making a
lap to lmg down over it, to keep it dry.
I fixed my oumbla also in a step at the site, like a
mat, to stand over my head, ad keep the heat of the
sun off me, like an awning; and thus I every now and
tlen took a httle voyage upon the sea: but never went
fet out, not far from the little creek. At last, being
eager to view the circumfereno of my little kingdom,
Ireved upon my cruise; o, d cotrdoily I victualled
my ship for the voyage, putting in two doen of lof-a
(ckes I shouldrather call them) of harley read, an
earthen pot full of parched rice (a food I ate a great
deal of), a little bottle of rum, half a goat, ad powder
ad shot for killing more, and two large tch-oats,
of those which, l I mentioned before, I had sed out
of the semen's chsta ; thee I took, one to lie upo,
and ote her to ver me in the night
Itas the sixth of November, in the sixth year of my
reig, or my captivity, which you please, that I set out
on this voyage, and I fod it much longer than I -
pect; for though the island itself as not very
rge,et when I ame to thee t ide of it, I found a
great ledge of rocks lie out about two league into the
sea, some above water, some under it; and beyond that
a shoal of sand, lying dry half league mor, s that I
was obliged to go a great way ot to sea to double the
point.
When first I discovered them, I was going to give
over my enterprise, and come back again, not k ng
hoe far it might oblige me to go out to ea ad, abov
all, doubting how I should get back again: so I came to
an anchor; for I had made a kind of an anchor with
a piece of a broken grappling which I got out of
tile ship.
Having secured my boat, I taok my gun and wmt
on shore, climbing up a liIll, which seemed to overlook
that point where I a the full extent of it, and
resolved to centre.
In my viewing the a from that hill where I stood
I perclved a streo and, indeed, a mast fuo e nt,
which ran to the east, and en me ose to th
point; d I too themore tice of it, because I
there might be some danger, that when I came into it,
I might be carried out to bythe ngth of it,nd
not be able to make the islad gain: indeed, had
I not got first upon thishiill, I believe it would hare
been so; for there wa the me current on the other
aide the island, only that it et off at a frtr distance,
and I a there as a strong eddy under the ehore; so
I had nothing to do but to get out of the frit current,
and I should pr ntly be in an eddy.
I lay here, however, two days, became the wind
blowing pretty freh at ES.E ad that being jast con-
trary to the current, made a great branch of the sea


upon the point; ao that it was not safe for me to keep
too lowe to the laore for the booth, nor to go too for
off, because of the stream.
The third day, in the morning, the wnd having bated
overnight, the was calm, and I ventured: but I am
a warning to all ash and ignorant pilot; for no sooner
wa I ometo the point, when I a nt even my boat'
length from the shore, but I fond myself in a great
depth of water, and a current like the uic of a mill:
it carried my boat along with it with th violence that
all I could do could not keep her O moch on the
edge of it; but I found it harried me farther and
far fthroot he eddy, which as on my left and.
There was nownd stirring to help me,and all I could
do with my paddles signified nothing: and now I be-
gan to give myself over for lost for as the current
w on both ides of the island, I tewin a fe league'
distance they must join again, and then I ta irrecover-
ably gone; or did I ee any possibility of avoidingit;
that I hd no prospect before me but of perishig,
not by the sea, for that ws calm enugh, but of steting
from haunger. I had, indeed, found a tortoise on the
hore, as big almost a I could lift, ad had tossed it into
the bat; ad I hod a gteat jot of freh totr, tht isto
ay, o of my earthen pot; but wht wt all this to
being driven into the vat ocean whe, to be sure,
there tas no shore, no main land or island, for a
thousand leago at least
And now I aw how easy it a for the providence of
God to make even the maot miserable condition of
mankind wore. Now I looked back uon my deablte
solitary island, a the most plott pl ain the world,
and ll the hppine my heart could wish for was to be
but there again. I stretched out my hands to it, with
eager wihe: 0 happy desert'" said I, "I shall
never see thee more. 0 miserable creature! hither
am I going ?" Then I reproached myself with my
unthanul temper, and that I had repined at my
slitary condition; and now what would I give to be
on shor e again! Thus, e never see the true
state of on condition till it is illustrated to by its
contraries, nor know how to value what we enjoy, but
by the mantof it. It is sarcely possible to imagine
the onsteruation I was now in, being driven from my
loved island (for so it appeared to me now to be) into
the wide ocean almost two league, ad in the utmt
desairof eve recovering it again. Hower, I worked
h r till indeed my strength almost exhated, and
Bept my beot as much to the northward, that ia, to-
rsrds the side of the -crrent which the eddy lay on,
asI possibly could; hen about noonaa the surpassed
the meridin, I thought I felt a little breza of wind in
my face, springing up from St.E. This cheered my
heart a little, and especially hen, in about half a
hoormo, it blo pretty gentle gale. By this time,
Ihad gotat a frightl distance from the island, and
had the least cloudy or hazy weather intervened, I had
been undoe another may, too; for I had no compass
on board, and should never have knonO how to have
steered towards the island, if I had but onoe lat sight
of it; but the weather continuing clear, I applied my
self to get up my mast again, and spread my sail,
standing amay to the north as much as possible, to get
out of the current.
Jut as I had set my mast and sail, and the boat be-
gan to stretch away, I saw even by the clearno of the
water some alteration of the current as near; for
where the eau nt as so strong the water wee fol;
hbut perceiving the water clear, I found the nrent
abate; ad presently I fond to the east, at about half
a mile, a breach of the aum upon moe m s th
ros I found caused the current to part again, and a
the main atres of it ran aay more southerly, l ng
the ks to the northeast, sothe other tuoed by the
repulse of the rocks, and made a streg eddy, which am
baok again to the north-west, mith a very sharp
stream.
They who know what it is to have a reprieve brought
to them upon the ladder, or t be raecued from thieves
jost going to murder them, or who have been in such
ettemiti may gmess what my present surprise of joy
was, and howgladly I put my boat into the stream of
this eddy; ad the wind also freshening, how gladly I
pred myil to it,runnig cheerfully before the ind,
ad with a strong tide or eddy under foot,
Thi eddy cared me about a league in my way back
again, directlytowards the island, but about two league
more to the northward than the eurent which carried
me awayat first; so that when I came near the island,
I foaond myself open to the northern shore of it, that
is to ay, theot hera nd of the island, opposite to that
hih I-went out from.
When I hd made something more than a league of
way by th help of this rent or eddy, I found it wa
spet, and served me no farther. Howevera, I found
tbat being between two groat eurrente, vi. that on the
moth ide, which lad hurried me amy, and that on the
north, which ay about a league on the there side; I
say, between these two, in the wake of the island, I
fernd the water at leut till, and rnnng no wa y; and


having still s breem of wind fair for me, I khpt on
etering diey for the islad, though rat making aeh
freh way as I did before.
About four o'clock in the evening, being tbm within
a league of the island, I found the point of the rocks
which oasonei d this dleater, stretching out, a is
desarid before, to the southward, and eting off the
current more southerly, had, of corse, made another
eddy to the north; and this I found vey strong, bnt
not directly setting the way my ourse lay, which was
due west, but almost full north. Howeer, having
heah gle, I etroethed cr this eddy, santiag noth-
west; and in about an bor came within about a mile
of the shore, where, it being maooth water, I an got
to land.
When I was on hore, I fell on my kees, and gave
God thanks for my deliverace, realving to lay aide
all thoughts of my deliveane by my boat; and
frehing myself = th sch things a I had. I bought
my boat close to the shore, in a lithe ae that f had
spied under some tee, and laid me down to seep,
being quite spent with the lbour and fatigue of the
voyage.
I mv now at a grat los which ay to gt home
with my boat Ibodr so much hard, and etoa
much of the ase, to think of attempt it by the way
I mot out; and what might be at the other side (I
man the west ide) I knew not, nor had I any mind to
run y more vntur; so I resolved on the next
momrng to make my way toward along the shore,
and to seif there was noreea heremigoht yop
my frigate i safety, so to have h again, f I wanted
her. In about three miles, or tbereabout, tilngthe
shore I ceame to a very good inet or bay, about a mile
over, which narrowed till it came to avery little riet
or broo, where I found a very convenient harbor for
my boat, and where he lay if he hadbeen in a little
doc made on purpose for her. Here I put in, and
having towed my boat very afe, I went on shore to
look about me, and see where I w.
I soon found I had but a little passed by the place
where Ihad be before, then I traveled on foot to
that shore; so taking nothing out of my boat but my
gun ad umbrella, for it was exceedingly hot, I began
my march. The way w comfortable enough after
such a voyage a I had been upon,and I reached my
old Ibower in the evening, here I found evey thing
standing as I left it; for I always kept it m good
order, being a I said before, my ontry-house.
Sgt over the fence, ad laid me down in the
shade to rest my limbs, for I as very weary, and fell
alep; but judge you, if yon an, that read my story,
what a surpri I must be when I wa awakedout of
my slep, by a oice calling m by my name several
times, obin, Hobic, Robin Crusoe: poor obin
Crusoe! Wh ear you, Robin Cruoe? Where re
you? Where hae you been?"
I was dead asleep at rt, being fatigued with row-
ing, or paddling itis lled, the fitrsfpt of theday,
and with waking the latter part, that fdid not wake
thoroughly; but dozing between slesping ad waking,
thought I dreamed that smetody'pole to me ; bt a
the voice continued to repeat, L Bobin Crsoe, Robin
Crausoe," at last I began to wake more perfectly, and
masat firt dreadfully frightened, and started up i the
utmost consternation; but no sooner wre my eye
ope ut I w my Poll sitting on the top ofthe edge;
d immediately knew that it was he that spoke to me
for just in such bemoaning language I had d to talk
to im, teach him; and be had learned it o per-
fectly that he would sit upon my finger, and lay hsbil
close to my fa, and cry," Poor obin re Where
are you? here have you been How came you
here ?" ad ch things a I had taught bhim.
However, evt though I knew it was the parrot, and
that minded it couldbe nobody elsea it w a god wie
before I could compose myself. First, I w amaead
how the reature got thither ; and thn how he should
just keep about the place, d nowhere lse; bot I
was well atisfed it couldbe nobody but honest Pot,
I gt over it; and holding out my hand,and callinghi
by his name, Poll," the soie eture came to me
and sat pon my thmb, as e used to do,and cotined
talki to me, "Poor obin Crusoe I and how did I
mUe ere and wherehad I been" ust a iboe ad
been overjoye to se me again and so m ed him
home along with me.
I had now had enough of rambling to a for nome
time, andhad enough to do fe m dayto aittll
and refeet upon the danger I had been in. I would
have been vetory gd to have had myboat again my
cide of the island; but I knew not bowit wupmcttc-
able to get it about As to the eat ide of thea teifamd,
which I had gone rod, I knew well enough there wms
no venturing that may; my ery hart would Brio,
and my very blemd rn chill, bht to think eit; and
to the other side of the island, I did not knomw how it
might be there; but supposing the current rawith the
same force agenette there at theeotauitpec by
it on te othe ot e, I might run the m rie of bo




22 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRU0SO.
driven don the stream, and carried by the island, oa I It was a good while before they would feed; but one of them having multiplied byI know not whatlId
bad been before of being meeid away from it; so with throwing them some sweet corn, it tempted them, and of create, theewee two whiebhhad pea vedtame;
these thoughts, I contented myself to be without any they began to be tame. And now I found that jf I whereas the rest run wild in the oods and became
beat though it had been the p rduet of mnuy months' expected to supplymyelf with got' flesh, when I had indeed troublesome to me at last, for they would often
labou to make it, bnd of so may more to fet it into pwde me up tome iae my come into my house, and plunde me, too, till at lst
the so. only way, when, prlapa, I might have them about my I Iwas obhliged to shoot them, and did ill a great m'
In this government of my temper, leminedneaa houseliko a flock sheep. But, then.it occurred to atle h they left me. With this attenldaneand in
ye and lived a very sato, retied life, ayou may me tht I must kerpe me tame from the wild, or else thientiful man I lied; neithould Ibe id to
wel suppose; and my thoughts being very much comn- they would always run wild when they grew up; and want anything but oiety ; nd of tlt, some time after
posed, as to my eonditio, end fully comforted i the only way for this wa to have some inclosetd piece thi, I was ikely to have much.

that of society, break out, or tose without break in. hazards; and therefore sometime sat ontriing ways
-pet me upoe appylig yet, a Ifsaw tlieme 00 ahohto ce i.by for doing myself down contented enough without her. ut I had
.i, i ..1 i uld, upo oasion, have it, my first ork w to bfind ot e a proper piece of astn feune foinessin mmsIdto godowtothe point


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LIFE AND ADVENTURES OP ROBINSON CRUSO. 23
with it, which at another time it would not have It happened one day, about noou, going towards my of man' and by what mseat different seprig are the
done boat, I was exceedingly surprised with the print of a affections humed about, as different rcimsinnrce
This observation convinced me that I had nothing to man's naked foot on the shore, which was very plain to present! To-day we love what to-moeow .we iates;
do but to observe the ebbing and the flowing of he tide, e een on the sand. I stood like one thnderstruck, or to-day we seek what to-morow we Y n; to-da we
and I might very easily bring my boat about the island as if I had seen an apparition. I listened, I looked desire what to-morrow we ear, na, even treide at
again; hut when I began to think of putting it in round me, but I could Ihea nothing, nor se anything; the apprehensions of. This was xempldfied in se, at
prtie,had such terror upon myspirits at thremem- entuptoarising gound,to lookfarther; I wentup this tune, in the man t live manner "eainble, forl,
brano of the danger I had been in, that I cobd not the shore, and don the shore, but it was all one: I f whose only affictin w.as that I ed anished from
think of it again with any patience, but, on the conttery, coold se no other impression bnt that one. I went to man society, that I was alone, circnmscrihb by the
Itookupnootherreolution.whichwasmorsafenthough t again to seeifthermwereanymore. adtoobserve if boudlesocean, cutoff fommanid,and ndemned
more laboious-and this was, that I would i t not be my fuany; but there wa no room for to what I call sient life; that I was as one whom
ratber make, me another prigua or oe,and so he that, for there was eactl the print of a f--toe, Heaven thought not worthy to be numbered among the
one for one side of tihe land, and one for the other, beel and every part of a ot. How it came thither I living, or to appear among the rest of His features;
You are to understand, that now I ad, s I may call new t, nor could I in the least imagine; but after that to have men one of my own seees would have
it, two plantation in the island,-one my little fortif- innumerable flutterig thoughts, e a man perfectly seemed to me a raising me from death to life, and the
nation or tent, with the wall about it, under tbe k, ofued and out of myself, I came home to my fortifi- greatest bleingthat Heavenitselfnettotbesnpeme
with the cave behind me, which by this time I had catisn, not fling, a we say, te ground I wet bt leng of salvatonn, uld bestow. I y, that I sold
enlarged into eral apartments, or caves, one within terrified to he t degree, looking hind e at eery now mlle at the very apprehesionsof seeing a man,
another. Oueof those, which w the driet and largest, two or th steps mistaking every bush d tree, and ad wa dyto sink into the ground at bt the shadow
and had a door out beyond my wallorortificato ancyng everyst p at a distn to be a an. Nor or silent apence of a man having set his foot in
tat is tosay, beyond heremy all joined to theroc, is it possible to desrib how many aris hpe oy the island.
was all filled up with the large earthen pots, of wh I ffrightedimagination repreentedthigs to me n, how Such is the uneven state of human life; and it
av iven an amount, and with fourteen or fifteen manywildidaswerfounu i, i i.
great assets, which would hold five or i bushels a and whatstrange, unacoun : "
where I laid up my stores of proisious, especially by the b way. -
co, some in the ear cut off short from and heenmIca metomya t i .f o o Zm east ii i i '
the other rubbed out with my hand. ever after this), I fled iutoi .i i :
As for my wall, made, as before, with long stakes or I center by the ladder, -
piles, those piles grew all like tries, und were by this atthehoe inthe ob whic i. i i i i i I i i i
time grown so big, aud spread so very much, that there remember; no,nor could, I -
anottheoletapearance, to any one's view, of any for never frightened hare fl i r
hbitation behind them. with more terror of mind t' i -. *- i
Near this dwelling of mine, but a little farther I slept none that night; .''' i i i r
within the land, and upon lower gaouud, lay my two caseion of my frieht. lb i ' '
piecs of corn lad, which I kept duly cultivate d a wdere wch s -- i' -' '- .- i :.
sowed, andwhihdulyyilded me their harvest in its things, and cspo ,i u ,, i '"





















tr ge tban ay wall. had b o shorn but goe y agin to a; delusion; tat it wa nothing e'se -ot my oan a oo n;
Tus will testify for me that I a. not idle, and tht ing as loath, rp, to have tyd in this dolate d why might I t ome that way from the b,
,,pored no poin to b.ing to paa wgateveu ppeaed isand .s I ve bee i have iad them. weo aIasging that way ho the bo4t t gaI
ncesry for my cmfotble ,pport, for coded While these reletins were o ing in my mid, cnderd ao. that t could by no means t, for
,_m f a .





the hoping p a beef tame retes thutmy asryth fi mytoghttat o ppy certain, where I bad trod and wr I hai not a
taud weald be a living magazine of flesh, milk, butter, as not to be th eraots at that time, or that they didl that if, at last, tis was only the print of my own foot,
and chee for rme as long I lived in the place, if it n seemyboat by which they wold have concluded I id played the part of those fools who try to make
were to he forty year; and that keeping them in my that someinhbitautshadeenintheplaedperhps stories of spectres and apparitions, and than are
reach depended entirely upon my porfet mg my inc- have sebarched farther for me. Then terrible thoughts frightened at them more than anybody.
sures to such a degree, that I might be s re of eeping rcked my imagination about their having found out Now I began to take courage, and to peep abroad
them together; which, by this method, indeed, I o my boat, and that there were people here; and that again, for I had not stirred out of my castle for three
eeuly eu that whe these little stakes began if so, I should certainly have them come again in days and nights, so that I began to tarvefr pr-
eeto ge y bead planted them n veryh tio thatt Ieas greeter numbers, and devour me; that if it should visions; for I had little ornothing within dou h
to go ,I a d them .o that tk ta ` wg
forced to pull some of them up again, happen that they should not find me, yet they would some barley-cakes and water; then I bneo that m
I this place al Ihd mygrapes growing, whichI findmyinclsu, detroyall my ornand ayaway goatwanted to be milked too, which ually wsy
principally depended on for my winter store of raisins, almy y flock o tame gote, and f should pes at last evening diversion; and the poor creatu.mre geat
and which I never failed to preseve very refuly, a for mere want. pan and innveenee for wante o i toad, ndeed f
the bet and mot agreeable dainty of my whole diet; Thus my fear banished all my religious hope, all that almost spoiled some of them, and adof t tdied ep thtei
aud indeed they were not only agreeableut medical, former cofid in God, which was founded upon such milk. niouragmg myself therefo, with the Hf
sitot stdeg wo eren as I had hd of Hisngodned ; as that this wa nothing hut the prnt ef one f myown
As this was ao about half-way betwe my other if hud fed me by miracle hitherto meu al not ft, and hat I might truly said to start at my
habitation and the be where I had laid up myboat,I p by His power, the provision which He had shadow, I began bndo o gat unl seta my
generally staid and la herein my way thither, for4 for me y His goodness. I repohed myelf cotry hose to mttl my flock: hut to e th w Ieat
used f. quently toiit mybat; andkeet allthings f my linemthatwould not swanymorern one fear I went frward, how often t looked behid a
about, o ehlonu g to er,invery good or. Somes f ho would just serve me till the net season, a how I ws ready, every now ad theendbay t own my.
tines I went no n her o divet myself, but no mo f no idet old inte n to prevent y enjoying bet, anWd n for my life t woud iveina any
hazardous voyages would I go, scarcely ever above a the crop that was upon the around; ad this I thought one have fin ght I bad te i* a nes. m .
stone's art us two from the shoe, I wa so apprehen- seo just a reproof, that I resolved or the future to have or that d. tad en ately finrothr enj togf is.
sire of being hurried out of my owdg again by the two orthree years' corn beforehand; en tat, whatovere s, indeed. I bhd. Heowe r3a % fau_ p l
c-ren to-ar winds, or y other accident. Bat now I miat mme. migha nt p erish for want d hnd. le or thr days, 2no seen m w te th
come to a new eonse of my life. HOW statnge a chequer-work of provideoce is the fe a little older, and to think th e we in





24 LIEA AND ADVENTUREuS OF ROBINSON CROSOE.

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LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 25


the aversion which naure gave me to these hellish
wretches was such, that I was as fearful of seeing them
as of seeing the devil himself. I did not so much as go
to look after my boat all this time, but began rather to
think of making another ; for I cduld not think of ever
making any more attempts to bring the other boat
round the island to me, lest I should meet with some
of these creatures at sea; in which case if I had
happened to have fallen into their hands, I knew what
would have been my lot. .
Time, however, and the satisfaction I had that I was
in no danger of being discovered by these people, began
to wear off my uneasiness about them; and I began to
live just in the same composed manner as before, only
with this difference, that I used more caution, and kept
my eyes more about me than I did before, lest I should
happen to be seen by any of them; and particularly,
I was more cautious of firing my gun, lest any of them,
being on the island; should happen to hear it. It was,
therefore, a very good providence to me that I had
furnished myself with a tame breed of goats, and that
I;had no need to hunt any more about the woods, or
shoot at them; and if I did catch any of them after
this, it was by traps and snares, as I had done before;
so that for two years after this, I believe I never fired
my gun once off, though I never went out without it;
and what was more, as I had saved three pistols out of
the ship, I always carried them out with me, or at least
- two of them, sticking them in my goat-skin belt. I also
furbished up one of the great cutlasses that I had out
of the ship, and made me a belt to hang it on also;
so that I was now a most formidable fellow to look
at when I went abroad, if you add to the former
description of myself, the particular of two listols, and
a great broadsword hanging at my side inWbelt, but
without a scabbard.
Things going on thus, as I have said, for some time,
I seemed, excepting these cautions, to be reduced to my
former calm, sedate way of living. All these things
#tended to show me, more and more, how far my con-
dition was'from being miserable, compared to some
others; nay, to many other particulars of life, which it
might have pleased God to have made my lot. It put
me upon reflecting how little repining there would be
among mankind at any condition of life, if people
would rather compare their condition with those that
were worse, in order to be thankful, than be always
comparing them with those which are better, to assist
their murmurings and complaining.
As in my present condition there were not really
many things which I wanted, so, indeed, I thought that
the frights I had been in about these savage wretches,
and-the concern I had been in for my 6wn preservation,
had taken off the edge of my invention for my own
conveniences; and I had dropped a good design, which
T A 1-- d L Ah h11 d h


night and day, I could think of nothing but how I might
destroy some of these monsters in their cruel, bloody
entertainment; and,,if possible, save the victim they
should bring hither to destroy. It would take up a
larger volume than this whole work is intended to be,
to set down all the contrivances I hatched, or rather
brooded upon, in my thoughts, for the destroying these
creatures, or at least frightening them so as to prevent
their coming hither any more: but all this was abortive;
nothing could be possible to take effect, unless I was to
be there to do it myself: and what could one man do
among them, when perhaps there might be twenty or
thirty of them together with their darts, or their bows
and arrows, with which they could shoot as true to a
mark as I could with my gun.
Sometimes thought of digging a hole under the
place where they made their fire, and putting in five or
six pounds of gunpowder, which, when they kindled
their fire, would consequently take fire, and blow up all
that was negr it: but as, in the first place, I should be
unwilling to waste so much powder upon them, my store
being now within the quantity of one barrel, so neither
could I be sure of its going off at any certain time, when
it might surprise them; and, at best, that it would do
little more than just blow the fire about their ears and
fright them, but not sufficient to make them forsake the
place: so I laid it aside; and then proposed that I
would place myself in ambush in some convenient place,
with my three guns all double loaded, and in the middle
of their bloody ceremony let fly at them, when I should
be sure to kill or wound perhaps two or three at every
shot; and then falling in upon them with my three
pistols and my sword, I made no doubt but that, if there
were twenty, I should kill them all. This fancy pleased
my thoughts .for some weeks, and I was so full of it
that I often dreamed of it, and sometimes, that I was
just going to let fly at them in my sleep. I went so far
with it in my imagination, that I employed myself
several days to find out proper places to put myself in
ambuscade, as I said, to watch for them, and I went
frequently to the place itself, which was now grown
more familiar to me : but while my mind was thus filled
with thoughts of revenge and a bloody putting twenty
or thirty ofe them to the sword, as I may call it, the
horror I had at the place, and at the signals of the bar-
barous wretches devouring one another, abetted my
malice. Well, at length I found a place in the side of
the hill, where I was satisfied I might securely wait till
I saw any of their boats coming; and might then, even
before they would be ready to come on shore, convey
myself unseen into some thickets of trees, in one of
which there was. a hollow large enough to conceal me
entirely; and there I might sit and observe all their
bloody doings, and take my full aim at their heads,
when they were so close together as that it would be
i ib hI. ld_-.". .T-.T -- 1, _i^. h- tl^ th. ^ t, I


a ieu uonce Uieu lJy lugtLulO t uonl, a1n brua wa ,o try next t ll ilptlOsiuI llaS I sIluiLu mllS y IS lU, or Ua tt I
if I could not make some of my barley into malt, and could fail wounding three or four of them at the first so outrageous an execution as the killing twenty or
then try to brew myself some beer. This was really a shot. In this place, then, I resolved to fulfil my design; thirty naked savages, for an offgnce which I had not at
whimsical thought, and I reproved myself often for the and accordingly, I prepared two muskets and my all entered into any discussion of in my thoughts, any
simplicity of it: for I presently saw there would be the ordinary fowling-piece. The two muskets I loaded with farther than my passions were at first fired by the
want of several things necessary to the making my beer, a brace of slugs each, and four or five smaller bullets, horror I conceived at the unnatural custom of the people
that it would be impossible for me to supply; as, first, about-the size of pistol bullets ; and the fowling piece I of that country; who, it seenas, had been suffered by
casks to preserve it in, which wasa thing that, as I have loaded with near a handful of swan-shot of the largest Providence, in His wise disposition of the world, to have
observed already, I could never compass: no, though size; I also loaded my pistols with about four bullets no other guide than that of their own abominable and
I spent not only many. days, but weeks, nay months, each; and, in this posture, well provided with ammu- vitiated pas-ions; and, consequently, were left, and
perhaps had been so for some ages, to act such horrid
tYings, and receive such dreadful customs, as nothing
but nature, entirely abandoned by Heaven, and actuated
I by some hellish degeneracy, could have run them into.
But now, when, as I have sdid, I began to be weary of
the fruitless excursion which I had made so long and so
far every morning in vain, so my opinion of the action
itself began to alter;. and I began, with cooler and
calmer thoughts, to consider what I was going to en-
gage in : what authority or call I had to pretend to be
judge and executioner upon these men as criminals,
whom Heaven had thought fit, for so many ages, to
suffer, unpunished, to go on, and to be, as it were, the
executioners of His judgments one upon another: how
far these people were offenders against me, and what
right I had to engage in the quarrel of that blood which
they shed promiscuously upon one another. I debated
this very often with myself thus: "How do I know
what God himself judges in this particular case ? It is
certain these people do not commit this as a crime; it is
not against their own consciences reproving, or their
light reproaching them; they do not know it to be an
offence, and then commit it in defiance of divine justice,
as we do in almost all the sins we commit. They think
CRUSOE FLEES TO HIS FORTIFICATION. it no more a crime to kill a captive taken in war, than
we do to kill an ox; or to eat human flesh, than we do
in attempting it, but to no purpose. In the next place, nation for a second and third charge, I prepared myself to eat mutton."
'I had fo hops to make it keep, no yeast to make it for my expedition. When I considered this a little, it followed necessarily
work, no copper or kettle to make it boil; and yet with After I had thus laid the scheme of my design, and in that I was certainly in the wrong; that these people
all these things wanting, I verily believe, had not the my imagination put it in practice, I continually made were not murderers, in the sense that I had before con-
frights and terrors I was in about the savages inter- my tour every morning to the top of the hill, which was demned them in my thoughts, any more than those
vened, I had undertaken it, and perhaps brought it to from my castle, as I called it, about three miles, or Christians were murderers who often put to death the
pass too; for I seldom gave anything over without more, to see if I could observe any boats upon the sea, prisoners taken in battle; or more frequently ,upon
accomplishing it, when once I had it in my head to begin coming near the island, or standing over towards it; but many occasions, put whole troops of men to the sword,
it. But my invention now ran quite another way; for, I began to tire of this hard duty, after I had for two or without giving quarter, though they threw down their
A


three months constantly kept my watch, but came al-
ways back without any discovery; their& having not, in
all that time, been the least appearance, not only on or
near the shore, but on the whole ocean, so far as my
eyes or glass could reach every way.
As long as I kept my daily tour to the hill to look out,
so long also I kept up the vigour of my design, and my
spiritaseemed to be all the while in a suitable frame for



'
3<


CItULSQE PLOTS THE DESTRUCTION OF THE CANNIBALS.





26 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.

arm,nd submitted. It the net pace, itocurred to ept upon my ontant, employment, to mil my h no to Providence), s cttg down m thi
mee that though the uage they gave one another war goatsand manage my little flok in the wood, which, branches of tree to mae carcol; and eore I go on
thus brutish and inhuman et it was really nothing to it was qmte o the other t of the island, wa ot of I must obseh e the reason of m mang this claecoal,
me- these peope had done me no injury: that if they danger; for eerta i it i, h tat these vage people, who which w thus: I w afraid o making a moke about
ttcmrpt,d to saI itnecesesry.fory inmediatepr roeies haunted. tl i land, rer came with any my habitation, as I said bcefo :; and yet I onld not lire
ationt to fall upon them ometng might be a thoughts of finding anything here, d nsequenty there without baking my bread, o kinm g mytcinte_ y
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LIFE ANlD ADVENTURES OF BOBINSON CRUSOE.


Upon this ocas.ui of removing ay aumununitiou I But it was otherwise directed; and it may not be amiss
happened to open the barrel of powder which I took ifp for all people who shall meet with my story to make
out of the sea, and which had been wet, and I found this just observation from it:-How frequently, in the
that the water had penetrated about three or four course of our lives, the evil which in itself we seek most
inches into the powder on every side, which caking and to shun, and which, when we are fallen into, is the most
growing hard, had preserved the inside like a kernal in dreadful to us, is oftentimes the very means or door of
the shell, so that I had near sixty pounds of very good our deliverance, by which alone we can be raised again
powder in the centre of the cask. This was a very from the affliction we are fallen into. I could give
agreeable discovery to me at that time; so I carried all many examples of this in the course of my unaccount-
Saway thither, never keeping above two or three pounds able life; but in nothing was it more particularly
of powder with me in my castle, for fear of a surprise remarkable than in the circumstances of my last years
of any kind; I also carried thither all the lead I had of solitary residence in this island.
left for bullets. It was now the month of December, as I said above,
I fancied myself now like one of the ancient giants in my twenty-third year; and this, being the southern
solstice (for winter I cannot call it), was the
particular time of my harvest, and required
me to be pretty much abroad in the fields,
when, going out early in the morning, even
before it was thorough daylight, I was sur-
prised with seeing a light of some fire upon
the shore, at a distance from me of about two
miles, toward that part of the island where I
had observed some savages had been, as before,
and not on the other side,-but, to my great
affliction, it was on my side of the island.
I was indeed terribly surprised at the sight,
and stopped short within my grove, not daring
to go out, lest I might be surprised; and yet
I had no more peace within, from the appre-
hensions I had that if these savages, in ram-
bling over the island, should find my corn
standing or cut, or any of my works or im-
provements, they would immediately conclude
that there were people in the place, and
would then never rest till they had fond
me out. In this extremity I went back
directly to my castle, pulled up the ladder
after me, and made all things without look
as wild and natural as I could.
Then I prepared myself within, putting
myself in a posture of defence. I loaded
all my cannon, as I called them-that is to
say, my muskets, which were mounted upon
CRUSOE FINDS A DYING HE-GOAT IN THE CAVE. amy new fortification, and all my pistols, and
resolved to defend myself to the last gasp,
-not forgetting seriously to commend my-
self to the Divine protection, and earnestly
who were said to live in caves and holes in the rocks, to pray to God to deliver me out of the hands of
where none could come at them; frl persuaded myself, the barbarians. I continued in this posture about
while I was here, that if five hundred savages were to two hours, and began to be impatient for intelli-
hunt me, they could never find me out-or if they did, gence abroad, for I had no spies to send out. After
S'they would not venture-to attack me here. The old sitting a while longer, and musing what I should do
goat whom I found' expiring died in the mouth of the in this case, I was not able to bear sitting in ignor-
cave the next day after I made this discovery; and I ance longer; so setting up my ladder to the side
found it much easier to dig a great hole there, and of the hill, where there was a flat place, as I ob-
throw him in and cover him with earth, than to drag served before, and then pulling the ladder after
him out; so I interred him there, to prevent offence to me, I set it up again and mounted the'top of the
my nose. hill, and pulling out my perspective glass, which I
I was now in the twenty-third year of my residence had takenon purpose, I laid me down flat on my
in this island, and was so naturalized to the place and belly on the ground, and began to look for the place.
the manner of living, that, could I but have enjoyed the I presently found there were no less than nine naked
certainty that no savages would come to the place to savages, sitting round a small fire they had made,
disturb me, I could have been content to have capitu- not to warm them, for they had no need of that,
lated for spending the rest of my time there, even to the weather being extremely hot, but, as I supposed,
the last moment, till I had laid me down and died, like to dress some of their barbarous diet of human flesh
the old goat in the cave. I had also arrived to some which they had brought with them, whether alive or
little diversions.and amusements, which made the time dead I could not tell.
pass a great deal more pleasantly with me than it did They had two canoes with them, which they had
before ;-first, I had taught my Poll, as I named before, hauled up upon the shore; and as it was then ebb of
to speak; and he did it so familiarly, and talked so tide, they seemed to me to wait for the return of the
articulately and plain, that it was very pleasant to me; flood to go away again. It is not easy to imagine what
and be lived with me no less than six-and-twenty years. confusion this sight put me into, especially seeing them
How long he might have lived afterwards I know not, come on my side of the island, and so near to me; but
though I know they have a notion in the Brazils that when I considered their coming must be always with the
they live a hundred years. My dog was a pleasant and current of the ebb, I began afterwards to. be more sedate
loving companion to me for no less than sixteen years in my mind, being satisfied that I might go abroad with
of my time, and then died of mere old age. As for my safety all the time of the flood of tide, if they were
cats, they multiplied, as I have .observed, to that degree, not on shore before: and having made this observation,
that I was obliged to shoot several of them at first, to I went abroad about my harvest work with the more
keep them from devouring me and all I had; but, at composure.
length, when the two old ones I brought with me were As I expected, so it proved; for, as soon as the tide
gone, and after some time- continually driving them made to the westward, I saw them all take boat and
from me, and letting them have no provision with me, row (or paddle as we call it) away. I should have
they all ran wild into the woods, except two or three observed, that for an hour or more before they went off
favourites, which I kept tame, and whose young, when they were dancing, and I could easily discern their
they had any, I always drowned; and these were part of postures and gestures by my glass. I could not
mniy family. Besides these I always kept two or three perceive, by my nicest observation, but that they
household kids about me, whom I taught to feed out of were stark naked, and had not the least covering
my hand; and I had two more parrots, which talked upon them; but whether they were men or women
pretty well, and would all call "Robin Crusoe," but I could not distinguish.
none like. my first; nor, indeed, did I take the pains As soon as I saw them shipped and gone, I took two
\Twith any of them that I had done with him. I had also guns upon my shoulders, and two pistols in my girdle,
several tame sea-fowls, whose name I know not, that I and my great sword by my sicewithout a scabbard, and
caught upon the shore, and cut their wings; and the with all the speed I was able to make went away to the
little stakes which I had planted before my castle-wall hill where I had discovered the first appearance of all;
being now grown up to a good thick grove, these fowls and as soon as I got thither, which was not in less than
all lived amioong these low trees, and bred there, which two hours (for I could not go quickly, being so loaded
was very agreeable to me; so that, as I said above, I with arms as I was), I perceived there had been three
began to be very well contented with the life I led, if I canoes more of the savages at that place; and looking
could have been secured from the dread of the savages, out farther, I saw they were all at sea together, making


CRUSOE TEACHES HIS PARROT TO TALK.


me with the greatest care and caution imaginable. And
now I found, to my great comfort, how happy it was
that I had provided a tame flock or herd of goats, for I
durst not upon any account fire my gun, especially near
that side of the island where they usually came, lest I
should alarm the s wages; and if they had fled from
me now, I was sure to have them come again with
perhaps two or three hundred canoes with them in a
few days, and then I knew what to expect. However,
I wore out a year and three months more before I ever
saw any more of the s vages, and then I found them
again, as I shall soon observe. It is true they might
have been there once or twice ; but either they made no
stay, or at least I did not see them; but in the month


over for the main. This was a dreadful sight to me
especially as, going down to the shore, I could see the
marks of horror which the dismal work they had been
about had left behind it, viz. the blood, the bones, and
part of the flesh of human bodies eaten and devoured
by those wretches with merriment and sport. I was so
filled with indignation at the sight, that I now begad to
premediate the destruction of the next that I saw
there, let them be whom or how many soever. It
seemed evident to me that the visits which they made
thus to this island were not very frequent, for it was
above fifteen months before any more of them came on'
shore there again,-that is to say, I neither saw them
nor any footsteps or signals of them in all that time ;
for as to the rainy seasons, then they are sure not to
come abroad, at least not so far. Yet all this while I
lived uncomfortably, by reason of the constant appre-
hensions of their coming upon me by surprise: from
whence I observe, that the expectation of evil is more
bitter than the suffering, especially if there is no
room to shake off that expectation, or those appre-
hensions.
During all this time I was in the murdering humour,
and spent most of my hours, which should have been
better employed, in contriving how to circumvent and
fall upon them the very next time I should see them,-
especially if they should be divided, as they were the
last time, into two parties; nor did I consider at all
that if I killed one party-suppose ten or a dozen-I
was still the next day, or week, or month, to kill
another, and so another, even ad infinitum, till I should
be, at length, no less a murderer than they were in being
man-eaters-and perhaps much more so. I spent my
days now in great perplexity and anxiety of mind,
expecting that I should one day or other fall into the
hands of these merciless creatures; and if I did at any
time venture abroad, it was not without looking around





28 LIFE AND ADI'ETTURES OF ROBILNSO CRUSOE.

. ,' ~ : te orlae of a drou d

... .I- of thit, Itd owhich' w s t ,
. .,t' I a t. .. ''" '.'' no clothes on btt tose -

.. . .ofa.. o of al t, a lrof ol .c r cl
s i.1 tee nt m on tlh s in t l w s v try g reat ; I sh p t ,i th e y h a d so m e o th er sh ip o r a n d a b l ue lin e st rta bi n o t hi ng to hre ct m en a
quit tly. dreamed always ,1 i thtqullb nan i 1 1 tt thle ignal of distro nu li sn to goue whlt nation cr was of Hl la



..f' i0 I I)i t I
1,.thy might bythis tille i .. i 1 i _, i t
t ta te g in a condition to ett ,


,Ii.l, met and b, ...y. -.
q" .. uIon my si,' ,, ,


ton, f 'a ua oo od
.'h .- 1 1'-, I '' ',, ,
i ti e noi o. ... .. a .

Sto b e, an to my sftle, prepj e everyt-ing fo emy voyage, took
'Irrto"oo oui'e o o <;, a quantity of bread, a glet pot of frsh water, a eom-



fu tht grt hf t .I















a i hr t i ,o winh bli tr, a.th at thy t o AI n. bl he jl...I.".,,iarne I.,,n


















i t haor b t th w tfo Ir
iler tho hm wro .y-,t, i then heathhome g aI ip
thite a t ile I d

























-Idli. b Im .I y I.
dofaed oall"t".' .'


i i Wielltlo or not to vantuta. 1 look+l on the nlrid
.. rt lh n c sttly on I th aipp otf hd t
t'lea oar f t "at ma a thtl o ishthf w. t it: f illhtht aI t a ofiu tfi reo ista f nc e g ai which d
.hh, aeor hn.lyf iIow thtt ify tI wa drimu ing I to eitheof tho e
ill aieut h:,l a ' ,, ,

rlrt~, ninnglxll y I't '. wre Iite eOt away UI3Oai this oiat tlf ,1 iI,
co r u, *o,,or~ .,..., r i' ml y ,llfi ,. .. .. ,,. f/t-/ /o.













-

















fiey ,j a '''''''''''' abe I ettpoett eatima



hete_,ty i momet.. .at, ho e hoeab n nd ittho, ahoat my toyate;
I,,h e hltie ,ti o m ,,tat m i ,e g, Ioefil poemt-. that fi otidi





LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CIUSOE. 29
waS turned, and the flood cme ou ; upon which, my good suadrs, or sweetmeats, s fastened also on their temper, that I ould not stisty yselt in my station,
golng w imprctimhbl for s many hours. Upon, top that the slt-water had not lurt tem; and two but wr ntinually poring upon the means ad pe-
thi presently it occurred to me,that I should go up more of the same, which the water had spoiled. I sibility of my escp from this place: and tmt I my,
to the idghest piece of ground I could find, anl found some very good hirt, which were very welmme with U!i greater plasureW to the reader, bring on the
ohsrve, if I uld, how the ts oof the tide oreurrent to me; nd about dozenoadnhal of white lnen land- remaining prt of my story, it may not he imprper to
lay when the flood ame in, that I might judge whether, kerchiefs and floured neckclths the fo er were lso give some aoun.t of my trt conceptions on t er suhbjet
if I wa driven one way out, Imight no t e to be very welcome, being ecelingly refreshing to wipe my ot tthis fmlith scheme lor rmy esape, hand ow, d upon
driven another way home, with the smue eapidity of face in hot day. Ihtidcs tthi, when I rame tohe what foundation I ated.
ti.e crureruts. This tho;ieht u.. no sooner in my head till in the chet, I found tlere three geatba of pieee I am now to bo supposed retired in my eatle, efter
than I t my eye upon a little hill, which sufficintly of eight, which held about eleven hundred pieces in my late oyage to the r i. ..
overloked the se both wys, from hence I hall; and i one of them, wpped p in a paper, i ced under water, as .. i
Sclor view other ct rrent or sets of the tide, and doubloo: i i i.. .
whichwayIwaesto guidemyserlf in myreturn. Here gold;, ....i .' .. i .' !
I found, thilat as the current of ebbset otlu os bythe In the .* r .. i i i i i' i: i... ,4
nuth point of the island. so the eurrent of the flood value; 1 ,, i. I- .. I -. '' i "




fo,! ,. i'. i 'i "f i i t '


H,,- thud, o,: ci the th. t there w. thng le he th th f th I didof igo or crlw,. uld tly






















.. h.. h.p. t b eff, Iac myr oyeg ,mmetimes forth le, ewy, e"time slder mysel, it teshould soy I waso ut sio.erely
ii* r the io touched wth the g l plge of mnnd, whee, Wh thee thought ere er, my hed w fr
i, -, ,f.h- 1 -,h f- lf theirr isre w setie teun dr gthe reofthe
lm tn f h e i d i et -- ,uwr, e tre, ea h cg d how it. ,
~, ,r-- "', r.- ., ay i .n od an urhth, p, ae m, d the: r," not rt h i s h d gite world, that the se.... Goe.nor f











'. iI, l II l i i ll ;/,i l "..iv ack upon ypvc epnd iytiomi n.. up, t .I ell a ll Ing I llI . ......
Smy the potion to whi ihu t y, to methg mh w en













e,, ..n. .ity, y i,, i.t.,my squet itheof r n toi tym tselt s t_ d .or tow kind htilthis
i 'i y the t. .e end ho to een the me" us ot my ing to in ne ( t ti ) t t i,








S,'.et this miseahle nditionf; f h. -that Prvideno rwhid om edto e, tinqir, what art o the orld the
=,", ', ,'' ,'li i, '






i. the chin, and o ,rat yowdr-h eoa, w itht to ut f otr m h oppily muted me the Blrols mug ply tee hlened wrehethe lied ini hew for off the roost won erm,
p..ofpwdriuts Hoe the m suseteI had no mte with t nhed deirg andleft Iould eoth ten mu- whence they cImet whet they vemred ever u fjr
on fourth m left them, hut th the powder- tente ; to me gne en gforadtlly,I might hve eoret iy fem. hm fer what id o bot they h ? nod whyie
herotdb I tee-s hove lo a toog ewhichI wated thi time-I mn in the time fu my timil o t d rseety hotau n sdo, that
trmatly us else in two ie Is ettl s cpper laond-one of the met m tosiderbl e planted iu the eight he a to go over wledher, asthey wet to comet
ptot ,, ,ae deorlte and ngdd ony; and with ties Bodus nayy, I aem pesuaded, that by tehe iprere- to meitumthh
o ime -pun, od the "me -eenig, tann the ierem should prh.ably hare mede if I hod I should do weitbh my i fallen I woent thithere v whalm
hour wi nig I .reed the I al-odgnie, weary romuaned, Iwmightthoe eeworhna de dum ond whend wuldtem eoe toughtsI fell tto the hds f thew





n fed tothe lr degree. I resed tht ight mioret nd what hieo had Ito lve a s settled "ge e how heud escpd thrmif they attefhed
i-thot; and themoring I reoled to or former well-ostocked plontatin, imptlg tand i- ree; nt nore oehuc I man the sapovaesie for met
what Ih gt inmy new ce, crryit remain God to hath pergd toem: for, net to nek e teo ast in t e orld athta tm ooter of





to my t After rferehing myself, I get al my mhen poatire apnd timie would hane Mt ineae or thm, without ayp uiiiy of deheg myeff to nd
,reg cc sheor, nd hea to eame the-patila.s, stoek ahomyte thtwe ouidhaveought thim at ru I theuld not y theto thoods, what I should doo
ug thetetheeb Ioymmurhoom6eiamywy
ak lu .- t, a in o. bt ondy thh-oe d had wbthomse bu myeso iwtot en ifh oe tf(ar t tno o e w hiter I sho l e and cronrse, itne
not ,s t t i n a wo-d,te m thi hoi-gbl. nditon &ohad cot u psoideune, drh ofrte toumgto bay, sh a tof the "i ythemy
nt ost ped; hibe t e ame to oe the of thn me ith fnerne ef that primews wosul by or eet worth butmynmnd wo whal nt uo "enthr etOrUo frt
I freed errel thm s oef ghreaet e to er eore- santt oe hav. gularld. I might has e usuon y fnsi home for mt mywoat to thode mal I n u lo ed
rple, I etook .ir eo ce of rtdt csg of on gatef yotgh t I m n hrne tio me of my bifolly tis po myh enot orditien as the mst mserblehat
t ordinaykidnt, and flled within ; ndl witeh theias rommenlythere, eihe t o eeyroef thde dperotld poer-ibly e, tat w setrtot eumlftme
anol very ped the ,lttl held ot three e boui l ght eprherue e nf timeh e ie I tve e aere, In ol Itosa inoytin uti t ter ie d ylf toe oilru erd whe

and fe ti-pped with silver. Ifondtw ofery d yet ro drep isb e d th e m ,ioarI theo r o tied ho m o e shor t e th l e aoinm b ght peh
i.r on set athoe hat elave bought ttem a Iour if I touud n tr aoul I th1t 4o wibt y enma o
Tga ofm iu orfm thwe Iusin, loow tou i.et n- -e whm"meh thr c hm, oa bydmy ornother ofn
1y fo d ea t of e e- sav ing r hard, B th i1s if Im Iemuld oter in my t to their areb wfisnt io
Se f nd in mine o' ifio 9 t ts boo tateoyng hee ds l hr ougtinp n them t of ."'wup om et" a adthemos l that

nt M er good; bu t o he Iaoume to pintm therh, oug ht experIence of timeo t7 wa with mef. but my dath thr lu. c. ww y to

1d w1 tipped ith swivr. I feontd.w putM"" ofer d yet=Pdpd thr mi-l take ken root i my urd rem he he oru of the roam, I might por=




30 LIFE AN4D ADVENTURE OF ROBINSON ORUiOO

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coeroft hei sdIm vr at okfrm .p-ud sligao~ ohmts fle who loki oor I Ibaxe lay d own'dwe too sleep. ha







w- LIFE Ai

He was a comely, handsome fellow, perfectly well
made, with straight, strong limbs, not too large, tall and
well shaped; and, as I reckon, about twenty-six years
of age. He had a very good countenance, not a fierce
and surly aspect, but seemed to have something very
manly in his face; and yet he had all the sweetness and
softness of a European in his countenance too,especially
when he smiled. His hair was long and black, not
curled like wool; his forehead very high and large; and
a great vivacity andpsparkling sharpness in his eyes.
The colour of his skin was not quite black, but very
tawny; and yet not an ugly, yellow, -nauseous tawny, as
the Brazilians and Virginians, and other natives of
America are, but of a bright kind of a dun olive-colour,
that had in it something very agreeable, though not
very easy to describe. His face was round and plump ;
his nose small, not flat like the Negroes; a very good
mouth, thin lips, and his fine teeth well set, and as
white as ivory.
After he had slumbered, rather than slept, about half
an hour, he awoke again, and came out of the cave to
me; for I had been milking my goats, which I had in
Sthe inclosure just by: when he espied me, he came run-
ning to me, laying himself down again upon the ground,
with all the possible signs of an humble, thankful dis-
position, making a great many antic gestures to show it.
At last he lays his head flat upon the ground, close to
S my foot, and sets my other foot upon his head, as he
Shad done before; and after this, made all the signs to
me of subjection, servitude, and submission, imagin-
able, to let me know how he would serve me so long as
he lived. I understood him in many things, and let him
know that I was very well pleased with him. In a little
time I began to speak to him, and teach him to speak to
me; and, first, I let him know his name should be
FUIDAY, which was the day I saved his life: I callV
him so for the memory of the time. I likewise taught
him to say Master; and then let him know that was to
be my name: I likewise taught him to say Yes and No,
and to know the meaning of them. I gave him some
milk in an earthen pot, and let him see me drink it
before him, and sop my bread in it; and gave him a
cake of bread to do the like, which he quickly complied
with, and made signs that it was very good for him. I
kept there with him all that night; but, as soon as it
was day, I beckoned to him to come with me, and let
him know I would give him some clothes; at which he
seemed very glad, for he was stark naked. As we
went by the place where he had buried the two men, he
pointed exactly to the place, and showed me the marks
that he had made to find them again, making signs to
me that we should dig them up again and eat them. At
this, I appeared'very angry, expressed my abhorrence of
it, made as if I would vomit at the thoughts of it, and
beckoned with my hand to him to come away, which he
did immediately, with great submission. I then led him
up to the top of the hill, to see if his enemies were
gone; and pulling out my glass, I looked, and saw
plainly the place where they had been, but no appear-
ance of them or their canoes; so that it was plain they
were gone, and had left their two comrades behind them,
without any search after-them.
But I was not content with this discovery; but having
now more courage, and consequently more curiosity, I
took my man Friday with me, giving him the sword in
his hand, with the bow and arrows at his back, which I
found he could use very dexterously, making him carry
one gun for me, and I two for myself; and away we
marched to the place where these creatures had been;
S for I had a mind now to get some fuller intelligence of
them. When I came to the place, my very blood ran
chill in my veins, and my heart sunk within me, at the
horror of the spectacle; indeed, it was a dreadful sight,
at least it was so to me, though Friday made nothing of
it. The place was covered with human bones, the
ground dyed with their blood, and great pieces of flesh
left here and there, half-eaten, mangled, and scorched;
and, in short, all the tokens of the triumphant feast
they had been making there, after a victory over their
enemies. I saw three skulls, five hands, and the bones
of three or four legs and feet, and abundance of other
parts of the bodies; and Friday, by his signs, made me
understand that they brought over four prisoners to
feast upon; that three of them were eaten up, and
that he, pointing to himself, was the fourth; that there
had been a great battle between them and their next king,
of whose subjects, it seems, he had been one, and that
they had taken a great number of prisoners; all which
were carried to several places, by those who had taken
them in the fight, in order to feast upon them, as was done
S here by these wretches upon those they brought hiter.
I caused Friday to gather all the skulls, bones, flesh,
and whatever remained, and lay them together in a
heap, and make a great fire upon it, and burn them all
to ashes. I found Friday had still a hankering stomach
after some of the flesh, and was still a cannibal in his
nature; but I showed so much abhorrence at the very
thoughts of it, and at the least appearance of it, that he
durst not discover it: for I had, by some means, let him
know that I fould kill him if he offered it.


ND 'ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 31


When he had done this, we came back to our castle;
and there I fell to work for my man Friday; and first of
all, I gave him a pair of linen drawers, which I had out of
the poor gunner's chest I mentioned, which I found in
the wreck, and which, with a little alteration, fitted him
very well; and then I made him a jerkin of goat's skin,
as well as my skill would allow (for I was now grown a
tolerably good tailor); and I gave him a cap which I
made of hare's skin, very convenient, and fashionable
enough; and thus he was clothed, for the present,
tolerably well, and was mighty well pleased to see him-
self almost as well clothed as his master. It is true, he
went awkwardly in these clothes at first: wearing the
drawers was very awkward to him, and the sleeves of
the waistcoat galled his shoulders and the inside of his
arms; but a little easing them where he complained
they hurt him, and using himself to them, he took to
them at length very well.
The next day, after I came home to my hutch with





-











































7 :


CRUSOE DELI


him,-I began to consider where I should lodge him; and,
that I might do well for him and yet be perfectly easy
myself, I made a little tent for him in the vacant place
between my two fortifications, in the inside of the last,
and in the outside of the first. As there was a door or
entrance there into my cave, I made a formal framed
door-case, and a door to it, of boards, and set it up in
the passage, a little within the entrance; and, causing
the door to open in the inside, I barred it up in the
night, taking in my ladders, too; so that Friday could
no way come at me in the inside of my innermost wall,
without making so much noise in getting over that it
must needs awaken me; for my first wall had now a
complete roof overit of long poles, covering all my tent,
and leaning up to the side of the hill; which was again
laid across with smaller sticks, instead of laths, and then
thatched over a great thickness with the rice-straw,
which was strong, like reeds; and at t e hole or place
which was left to go in or out by the ladder, I had
placed a kind of trap-door, which, if it had been


attempted on the outside, would not have opened at all;
but would have fallen down and made a great noise: as
to weapons, I took them all into my side every night.
But I needed none of all this precaution; for never man
had a more faithful, loving, sincere servant than Friday
was to me; without passions, sullenness, or designs,
perfectly obliged and engaged; his very affections were
tied to me, like those of a child to a father; and I dare
say he would have sacrificed his life to save mine, upon
any occasion whatsoever: the many testimonies he gave
me of this put it out of doubt, and soon convinced me
that I needed to use no precautions for my safety on his
account.
This frequently gave me occasion to observe, and that
with wonder, that however it had pleased God in His
providence, and in the government of the works of His
hands, to take from so great a part of the world of His
creatures the best uses to which their faculties and the
powers of their souls are adapted, yet that He has


VERS FRIDAY.


bestowed upon them the same powers, the same reason,
the same affections; the same sentiments of kindness
and obligation; the same passions, and resentments of
wrongs, the same sense of gratitude, sincerity, fidelity,
and all the capacities of doing good, and receiving good,
that He has given to us; and that when He pleases to
offer them occasions of exerting these, they are as ready,
nay, more ready, to apply them to the right uses for
which they were bestowed, than we are. This made
me very melancholy sometimes, in reflecting, as the
several occasions presented, how mean a use we make
of all these, even though we have these powers en-
lightened by the great lamp of instruction, the Spirit
of God, and by the knowledge of His word added to
our understanding; and why it has pleased God to hide
the like saving knowledge from so many millions of
souls, who, if I might judge by this poor savage, would
make a much better use of it than we did. From hence,
I sometimes was led too far, to invade'the sovereignty
of Providence, and, as it were, arraign the justice of so





32 LIFE AXD ADVE'TUBES OF BOBINSON CRUSOE.
















I; 1 served before a d he aoon understood howto do it mhich reaches from the moth ot the nver Oroonoko to
S t that hoght had h, m e diffi-ity, o d meo i mt Ithe ia -geat,
S. i i n i i i t,i r i h or myself abig. a. c oes. The prt ci day's dis oiir


























- .. .. presetd mypt pee. d h n ta.hew w ld worthehaede foroi ..e ..old Ihegan to reth eveywell; and feom ,this time I
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E rum lI






LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


-long discourse with him about the devil, the origin of
him, his rebellion against God, his enmity to man, the
reason of it, the setting himself up in the dark parts of
the world to be worshipped instead of God, and as God,
and the many stratagems he made use of to delude
mankind to their ruin; how he had a secret access to
our passions and to our affections, and to adapt -his
snares to our inclinations, so as to cause us even to be
our own eptmpters, and run upon our destruction by our
own choice.
I found it was not so easy to imprint right notions
in his mind about the devil as it was- about the being
of a God: nature assisted all my arguments to evidence
to him even the necessity of a great First Cause-an
overruling, governing Power-a secret directing Provi-
dence; and of the equity and justice of paying homage
to Him that made us, and the like; but there appeared
nothing of this kind in the notion of an evil spirit; of
his origin, his being, his nature; and, above all, of his
inclination to do evil, and to draw us in to do so too:
and the poor creature puzzled me once in such a manner,
by a question merely natural and innocent, that I scarce
* knew, what to say to him. I had been talking a great
deal to him of the power of God, His omnipotence,
His aversion to sin, His being a consuming fire to the
workers of iniquity; how, as He had made us all, He
could destroy us and all the world in a moment; and
he listened with great seriousness to me all the while.
After this, I had been telling him how the devil was
God's enemy in the hearts of men, and used all his
malice and skill to defeat the good designs of "Provi-
dence, and to ruin the kingdom of Christ in the world,
and the like. Well," says Friday, "but you say God
is so strong, so great; is He not much strong, much
might as the devil?" "Yes, yes," says I, "Friday;
God is stronger than the devil: God is above the devil,
and therefore we pray to God to tread him down under
our feet, and enable us to resist his temptations and
quench his fiery darts." "But," says he again, "if God
much stronger, much might as the wicked devil, why
God no -kill the devil, so make him no more do
wicked ?" I was strangely surprised at this question;
and, after all, though I was now an old man, yet I was
but a young doctor, and ill qualified for a casuist, or a
solver of difficulties; and at first I could not tell what
to say; so I pretended not to hear him, and asked him
what he said: but he was too earnest for an answer to
forget his question, so that he repeated it in the very
same broken words as above. By this time I had
recovered myself a little, and I said, God will at last
punish him severely; he is reserved for the judgment,
and is to be cast into the bottomless pit, to dwell with
everlasting fire." This did not satisfy Friday; but he
returns upon me, repeating my words, "'Reserve at
last!' me no understand: but why not kill the devil
now; not kill great ago?" "You may as well ask
me," said I, why God does not kill you or me, when
we do wicked things here that offend him: we are
preserved to repent and be pardoned." He mused some
time on this: Well, well," says he, mightily affec-
tionately, "that well: so you, I, devil, all wicked, all
preserve, repent, God pardon all." Here I was run
down again by him to the last degree: and it was a
testimony to me, how the mere notions of nature,
though they will guide reasonable creatures to the
knowledge of a God, and of a worship or homage due
to the supreme being of God, as the consequence of our
nature, yet nothing but divine revelation can form the
knowledge of Jesus Christ, and of redemption pur-
chased for us; of a Mediator of the new covenant, and
of an Intercessor at the footstool of God's throne; I
say, nothing but a revelation from heaven can form
these in the soul; and that, therefore, the gospel of our
Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, I mean the Word of
God, and the Spirit of God, promised for the guide and
sanctifier of His people, are the absolutely necessary
instructors of the souls of men in the saving knowledge
of God, and the means of salvation.
I therefore diverted the present discourse between
me and my man, rising up hastily, as upon some sudden
occasion of going out; then sending him for something
a good way off, I seriously prayed to God that He would
enable me to instruct savingly this poor savage; assist-
ing, by His Spirit, the heart of the poor ignorant
creature to receive the light of the knowledge of God'
in Christ reconciling him to Himself, and would guide
me to speak so to him from the Word of God, that his
conscience might be convinced, his eyes opened, and his
soul saved. When he came againto me, I entered into
a long discourse with him upon the subject of the re-
demption of man by the Saviour of the world, and of
the doctrine of the gospel preached from heaven, viz.
of repentance towards God, and faith in our blessed
Lord Jesus. I then explained to him as well as I could
why our blessed Redeemer too knot on Him the nature
of angels, but the seed of Abraham; and how, for that
reason, the fallen angels had no share in the redemp-
tion; that He came only to the lost sheep of the house
of Israel, and the like.
I had, God knows, more sincerity than knowledge in

.


all the methods I took for this poorcreature's instruction,
and must acknowledge, what I believe all that act upon
the same principle will find, that in laying things open
to him, I reallyinformed and instructed myself in many
things that either I did not know, or had not fully con-
sidered before, but which occurred naturally to my mind
upon searching into them, for the information of this
poor savage; and I had more affection in my inquiry
after things upon this occasion than ever I felt before:
so that, whether this poor wild wretch was the better
for me or no, I had great reason to be thankful that
ever he came to me; my grief sat lighter upon me; my
habitation grew comfortable to me beyond measure:
and when I reflected that in this solitary life which I
have been confined to, I had not only been moved to
look up to heaven myself, and to seek the Hand that
had brought me here, but was now to be made an instru-
ment, under Providence, to save the life and, for aught
I knew, the soul of a poor savage, and bring him to the
true knowledge of religion, and of the Christian
doctrine, that he might know Christ Jesus, in whom is
life eternal; I say, when I reflected upon all these
things, a secret joy ran through every part of my soul,
and I frequently rejoiced that ever I was brought to
this place, which I had so often thought the most
dreadful of all afflictions that could possibly have
befallen me.
I continued in this thankful frame all the remainder





































CRUSOE INSTRUCTS I

of my time; and the conversation which employed the
hours between Friday and me was such as made the
three years which we lived there together perfectly and
completely happy, if any such thing as complete happi-
ness can be formed in a sublunary state. This savage
was now a good Christian, a much better than I; though
I have reason to hope, and bless God for it, that we
were equally penitent, and comforted, restored peni-
tents. We had here the Word of God to read, and no
farther off from His Spirit to instruct, than if we had
been in England. I always applied myself, in reading
the Scripture, to let him know, as well as I could, the
meaning of what I read; and he again, by his serious
inquiries and questioning, made me, as I said before, a
much better scholar in the Scripture knowledge than I
should ever have been by my own mere private reading.
Another thing I cannot refrain from observing here also,
from experience in this retired part of my life, viz. how
infinite and inexpressible a blessing it is that the know-
ledge of God, and of the doctrine of salvation by Christ
Jesus, is so plainly laid down in the Word of God, so
easy to be received and understood, that, as the bare
reading the Scripture made me capable of understanding
enough of my duty to carry me directly on to the great
work of sincere repentance for my sins, and laying hold
of a Saviour for life and salvation, to a stated reforma-
tion in practice, and obedience to all God's commands,


and this without any teacher or instructor, I mean
human; so the same plain instruction sufficiently served
to the enlightening this savage creature, and bringing
him to be such a Christian as I have known few equal
to him in my life.
As to all the disputes, wrangling, strife, and conten-
tion which have happened in the world about religion,
whether niceties in doctrines, or schemes of Church
government, they were all perfectly useless to us, and,
for aught I can yet see, they have been so to the rest of
the world. We had the sure guide to heaven, viz. the
Word of God; and we had, blessed be God, comfortable
views of the Spirit of God teaching and instructing by
His word, leading us into all truth, and making us both
willing and obedient to the instruction of His word.
And I cannot see the least use that the greatest know-
ledge of the disputed points of religion, which have
made such confusion in the world, would have been to
us, if we could have obtained it. But I must go on
with the historical part of things, and take every part
in its order,
After Friday and I became more intimately acquainted,
and that he could understand almost all I said to him,
and speak pretty fluently, though in broken English, to
me, I acquainted him with my own history, or at least
so much of it as related to my coming to this place;
how I had lived there, and how long; I let him into the
mystery, for such it was to him, of gunpowder and'


FRIDAYY IN RELIGION.


bullet, and taught him how to shoot. I gave him a
knife which he was wonderfully delighted with; and I
made him a belt, with a frog hanging to it, such as in
England we wear hangers in; and in the frog, instead
of a hanger, I gave him a hatchet, which was not only
as good a weapon in some cases, but much more useful
upon other occasions.
I described to him the country of Europe, particu-
larly England, which I came from; how we lived, how
we worshipped God, how we behaved to one another,
and how we traded in ships to all parts of the world.
I gave him an account of the wreck which I had been
on board of, and showed him as near as I could, the
place where she lay; but she was all beaten in pieces
before, and gone. I showed him the ruins of our boat,
which we lost when we escaped, and which I could not
stir with my whole strength then; but was now fallen
almost all to pieces. Upon seeing this boat, Friday
stood musing a great while, and said nothing. I asked
him what it was he studied upon. At last says he,
" Me see such boat like come to place at my nation." I
did not understand him a good while; but, at last, when
I had examined further into it, I understood by him,
that a boat, such as that had been, came on shore upon
the country where he lived: that is, as he explained it,
was driven thither by stress of weather. I presently
imagined that some European ship must have been cast
A





3t LIFE AXD ADVENTURES OF BOBINSON CRUSOE.


away upon their coast, and the boat might get loose From this time, I confess, I had a mind to venture
and drive abore; but was so dull that I never on overad ee if I would possibly jon with those bearded
thought of men mekimng their eampe from a wremk men, who I made no doubt werem Spaniards and Por-
thither, much less whenro thy might t e t me: so I doubting but, if I ul, we might find
inq f uied after a deiption of the boat. me method to esr pe from thence, being upon the
riday deaibed the boat to m B well enough; but continent, and a good company together, better thanI
brought me better to understand him when he added mold from an island forty miles off the shore, alone,
with some warmth, 1"We save the white mans from and without help. So, after ome days, took Friday
lrown." Then I presently asked if them wer any to work agin, by way of discoues, and told him I
white man, oa he callI them, in the boat. "Yes," he woold give Irm a hoat to go hack to his on nation ;
said; "the bot full of white manor I asked him how and, accordingly,I ried him to m frigate which lay
y. He told upon hlis fiOnger aerter I asked on the other aide of the islad, ad havg earit of
1: ..,., r. am. He told me, "They water (for Ilways kept it waterr, I brought it
out,shoedit him, d we bth went intoit. Ifod
010 pul new lu!u4o;a .uio my hend; for I presently he was a most dexterous fellow at managing it, ad
imagined that these might be the menbelonging to the would make it go almost swiftagin as I could. So
ship that was ast away in the sight of my island, as when he was in, I said to im," Well, now, Friday,
I now called it; and who after the ship was struck on shall we go to your ation Ho looked very dull at
the rock and they saw ber inevitably fost, had mved my myg o; which it toe w because he thought
themselves i their boat, and wer loaded upoa that th boatwas too small to go so far. I then told him I
wild shore amog the ages. Upon thi I inquired of had a bigger; O the next day I wt to the place where
him more eritially what was become of them. He the first boat lay which I had made, but which I could
assuredd me they lived still there; hat they had been not get into the water. He mid that was big enough ;
there about fou years ; that the avagro left them but then, m 1 had taken no are of it, and it had oin
alone, ad gae them victuals to live oi. I asked him two or three ad twenty years there, the sun had split
how it me to pass they did not kill them and eat ad dried it, that it was rotten. Friday told me such a
them. He said, "No, they make brother with them;" boat would do very well, aud would carry "much
that is, as I ounderto d him, a truce; ad then he enough little, driok ,bread;"-this mo hi way of
added. "They no eat mans but whin mank the war talking.
fight that is to say, they never ot any men but such Upon the wbole, I was by this time fixed upon my
me to fight with tem, d taken in ttle. design of going over with him to the ntnent, that I
It was after this some considerable time, that being told him we would go and make one as big as that, and
upo the top of the hill, at the east ide of the island, he should go Iome in it. He answered not aone word,
from whence, as I have aid, I I in a clear day, dis- but looked very grae and ed. I asked him what was
covered the main or continent of Americ, Friday, the the matter with him. He asked me again, Why yo
weather being very serene, look veryearnestlytowards angry mad with Friday ?-hat me done?" I asked
the manlandd, and, in a ind of suprie, falls a jump- him what he meant. I told im I wa not angry with
ing and dancing, ad calls out to me, for I wat me himatall. "No gry !" ys he, eating the words
distance from him. I asked him what was the matter. sverl times; "hy send Friday home away to my
"O oy!" ys he; gd! there see my untry, nation? "Why," ys 1, "Friday, did not you
there my nation!" I oberved an extraordinary nse you wished you were there?" "Yes, yes" ys he,
of plasmur appeared in his fae, and his eye sparkled, wish e both there; no wish Friday them, no water
nd his countenance discovered a strange eageme, as there." In a word, he would not thmk of going there
if he had a mind tobe in his o country agin. This without me. "I go there, Friday?" sas I, "what
observation of mine put a great many thoughts into shall do them?" He turned very quck upon me at
me, which made me, at Irm t not easy about my new this. You do great deal mnch god," sys he "you
ma Friday asI wa before; and I made no doubt but tech wild man be good, sober,tame ma; you tell
that, if Friday could get back to his own nation again, tbem know God, pray God, an live new life." "Alas,
he would not only forget all his religion, but all hlis Friday!" says I, thou khowest not what thou syest;
obligation tome, and would be forward enough to gv I anI but a iguoront man myslf." Ye, yes," ys
his muntr;me ao account of me, and ome ba, he "you teacher me good, yo teacbee them good."
perhaps, th a hundred or two of them,and make a No, no, Friday," sys I, "you all go without me
feast upon metwhih hemigt p be a merry he uel leave me lherto live by myself, a I did before He
to he with tlose of his enmies, when they were take looked confused again at tatt word;and ruing to one
in war. But I wronged the poor honest create very of the hatchets which he used toar, e takes it u
much, for w h I wasvery rry afterwards. How- hastily, and gives it to me. hat mut I do wi
ever, my ealoy in ed, d held me meweek, this ys I to him. "You tke kill Friday," ays he.
Iaa. little moe.re mumspet, anotmf im eoad *htmtI familiar ht k for ?l dI again. Hretu
kind to him as before: in which I wa ertainly wrong very quick-" Wlat you send Friday away for Take
too; the honest, grateful creature having no thought kill Friday, no send Friday away." Tishe spoken
about it, but what l insisted with the best p lericple earnestly that I saw tear stand in his ey. In
both as a religious Christian, and as a grateful friend; I word, I o plainly diovered the utmost etion
appeared afterwards to my full tisftion. I in him to me, aud a firm resolution in him, that
While my jealousy of him lastd, you may be sure I I told him then, aud often after,that I would never
was everyday pumping him, to e i he would discover send him awy from me, if be was willing to stay
ay of the new thoughts whichr I slsposted were in him; with me.
but I found everything he sid was so honest and so Upon the whale, as I had found by all his discourse
innocent, that I could find nothing to nourish my us- a stted affection to me, and that nothing could par
piio;and, in spite of all my uneasiness, he mae me im from me, o 1 found all the foundation of his
at last entirely his o again ; nor did he in the least desire to go to his own country was laid in his ardent
perceive that I was unm y, aud therefore I rould not affection to the people, and his hopes of mydoing them
suspect him of deceit. rl a third which as I had no notion of mverlf. so I
On day, wlkingup the sa e, I I1 ,. I I 11. I .it .' .o ._ m-
being haryatsea, thatwemr ld. I '* ; .. .''i i' -I i .- to
I called to him, and said, ', l t. ,on
yourself in your own country, gotr oll nation?"gath, from the disourse, that them were seventen
"Ye," he ai,,"I be much 0 glad to t my on bearded men there; and therefore, without any moe
nation." ", hat would you do there'" mid I: "would delay, I went to work with Friday to find out a great
you turn wild again, eat men's flesh again, and be a tree proper to fell, and make alage periagua, or canoe,
savage, as you were before?" He loos k full of to udertake the voyae. Thewem tre s enough in
concern, anod shaking his head, idl "No o, no Friday the island to have built a little feet, not of periaguas
tell them to live good; tell them to pray God; tell or anos, but even of good lrg vessel; but the main
them to eat corn-bread, attlr-fleh, milk; no ea man thingI looedat w, toget oneo n the water that
you." He looked grave at that and then sid, "No, no,I mistake I mmmitted at first. At last, Fridlay pitched
they no kill me, they willing loe le ." He meant by upon a tree; for I found he knew much better than I
this, they would be willing to leare. He added, they what kind of w was fittest for it; nor an I tell, to
learned mch of the bearded man that came in the this day, what wood to all the tree we cut down,
boat. Then I asked him if lie would go bck to them. except that it wa very like the tre we call fstic, or
He smiled at that, and told me that he ldnotswim between that and the Nicaragu wood, for it was much
so far. I told him, I would make a anoe for him. He of the same lour and mell. Frday wished to bon
toldme he wouldgo if I woulgo with him. "Igo!" the bhollow or aity of this tree out, tomake it for a
says I; "whytheywillt me if I come there." "No, boat, but I showed him how to ut it withtools; which,
no" yshe,"me make they no at you; me make they after I had showed him how to ue, he did very handily;
much loveyou. H meant he would tell them ow I and in about a month's hardlabour, e nished it and
bad killedhienemies,andsavedhillife,andsohewould made it very handsome; especially, when, with our
make them love me. Then he told me, aa well as he aee which I showed him how to handle, we cut and
could, how kind they were to seventeen white men, or hewed the outside into the true shape of a boat. After
bearded men, as he rlled them, who came on shore this, however, it cost s near a fortnight' time to get
there in distress. her along, as it were inch by inch, upon great rollers


into the water: but when she was in, she would have
carried twenty men with great ase,
Wnen she was. in the water, though the wu so big,
it amazed me to ee with what dexterity and how swift
my man Friday uld matnae her, turn her, and paddle
her along. So I asked him if he would, and if we might
venture over in hr. Yes," he maid, we venture over
in her very well, though reat hlow wind." However,
I had a farther design that he knew nothing of, and
that was, to make a mast und a sail, and to fit her with
an anhor and cable. As to a maut, that was easy
enough to get; I pitched upon a ght young
edar-re, whichI found near theplnu, andwhih there
wer great plentyof in the island, and I set Friday to
work to cut it dow, and gave him directions ho to
shape and order it. But as to the sail,thatwa my
particular cae I knew I bad old sll rather pieces
of old sails,enough; butas Ihad had them now eax-and-
twenty y by me, and had not been very eflto pre-
serve them, nout imagiig that I should ever have this
kind of use for thm di nut doubt but they were all
rotten; and, indeed, most of them were so. However,
I found two pines, which appeared pretty good, and
withthes Iwent to wor; and with a great deal of
pains, and awkward stitching, you maybe sue, for want
of needles, I at length made a hree-cornered ugly thing,
like what we call in England a shoulder-of-mutton sat,
to go with a boom at bottom, and a little hor sprit at
the top, such usually our ships' loag-boats sal with,
and such as I beat knew how tomangea it was such
a one as I bad to the boat in which made my escape
from Barbary, as related in the fst part of my story.
I was nor two months performing this lst work,
viz. rigging and fittig d my msts and ail; for I finished
them very complete, mhing a small stay, and a sail, or
foresail toit, to aist if we should turn to windwad;
and, what aa more than all, I fixed a rudder to the
stem of her to steer with. I was but a bungling ship-
wright, yet ao I knew the usefulness, and evn nces
sit of such a thing, I applied myself with s much
p s to do it, that at last I brought it to pam; though,
nideting the many dull contrivances Ihed for it that
failed, I think it cot me almost u much abouas
making the boat.
Afterall this was done,I had my man Fridaytoteach
a to what belonged to the navigation of my boat; for,
though he knew very well how to paddle a cano, he
knew nothing of what belonged to a sail and a r:dder;
and was the moat amazed when he saw me work the
boat to and again in the ea by the rudder, and how
the sail gibbed, and filled tils way or that way, as the
co e we sailed changed; I sy, when he sw this, he
stll like one astonished d uamuo d. However, uith
a little use, I made all thee things familiar to him, and
he became a expert sailor, except that of the comlss
I could make him understand very little. On the other
hand, there was very little cloudy weather, und
seldom or never any fogs in these parts, there was tlhe
le occasion for a compass, seeing the stars were always
to be s by night, and the share by day, except in
the rainy seasons, and then nobody cared to sti abad
either by land or sea.
I wa now entered on the seven-and-twentieth year
of my captivity in this place; though the three last
yea that I had this creature with me ought rather to
be left out of the account, my habitation being quite of
another kind than in all the rest of the time. I kept
the ammoeary o y Ideg here wth th me
thankfulness toGod for His mercies asat first: and if
I bad such cause of acnowledgment at first, I had
much more so now, having such additional testimonies
of the care of Providene over me, and the great hops
I had of being effetually and spedily delivered; for I
had an invinible impesmiot upon my thoughts that
my deliverane aas at and,and tlat I should not be
other year in this place. I wont on, however, with
my hlsuandry; digging, planting, and fencing,asusual.
I gathered nd cured my graps,nd did ever neces-
ary thing before.
The rany sean was, in the meantime, upon me,
whoa I kept more within doors than at other times.
We bestowed e our new essel as secure as we could,
bringing her up into the crek, where, I said in the
beginning, I laded my rafts from the ship; and hauling
her up to the shore at high-water mark, I made my
man Friday dig little doc, ust big enough to hold
her, and just deep enough to give her water enough to
flt in; and then, whenthe tide was out, we made a
strog dam across theendofit, to eep the water out;
and sohe laydry as to the tide from the sea: andt
keep the rain off, we lanid a great many boughs of tree,
so thick that was as well thatched a and
thus wa waited for the months of November adm
December, in which I designed to make my adventure.
W'hen the settled eason began to come in, a tie
thought of my design returned with the fair weather,I
aspreparing daily for the voyage. And the first thing
I did was to lay by a certain quantity ofprovison,
being the st afor our voyage: and intendedin awee
or a fortnight' time, to open the docb, and Iounch out





LIFE AD ADVENTIURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


our bot I was busy one morning upon something of
thi kind, when I called to Feday, d bid him to go to
the sea-hore, adsee if he would nnd a turtle or tortoise,
a thing which we generally got once wee, for the
saie of the egg well a the flesh. Friday had not
been long gone hen he came running back, and flew
over my outer wall, or fence, like one that felt not the
ground, or the steps he set his feet on; and before I
had time to p him, hecries onttome,O master!
0 master! 0 sorrow! 0 bad!"-" What's the matter,
Friday?" says I. "0 yonder there," sys he, "one,
two, three canoes; one, two, three By this my of
speaking, I conchlded there were six; but on inquiry I
found there were but three. "W yell, Friday ys I,
"do not be frightened." So Iheartened him upas well
as I could. However, I saw the poor fellow was most
terribly scared, for nothing ran in his head but that
they wee come t look for him, and would cut him in
pieces aud eat him; and the poor feflluw trembled so
that I siareely knew what to do with him. I comforted
him as well as I could, and told him I was in a much
dangr as he, and that they would eat me as well
him. But,"sa I, "Friday, we must resolve to ght
them. Cn you fight, Friday ?" "Me shoot," ays he,
"but there come many great number." "Nd mtter
' LL" ourgunswillfrightthemthat
S,* ,, 1 ked him whether, ifI e olved
E. i L _i i .. He said," Me die, whenyou
SI went and fetched a ged
dram of rum and gave him; for I had been so good a
husband of my rum, that I had a great deal left When
he had drunk it, I made him take the two fowling-piec,
whcbh we always carried, and load them with large
swan-hot, as big as small pistol-bullets. Then I took
four muskets, and loaded them with two slugs, and five
small bullets ech; and my two pistols I loaded with a
bece of ballets ech. I hung my great sword, as usual,
naked by my sie, rod gave Friday his hatchet. When
I had thus prepared myself, I ook my perspctive-gl ,
and went up to the sine of the hill, to see wht I reuld
discover; and I found quickly by my glass, that there
were one-and-twenty savage, three prisoners, and three
canoes ; and that their whole business seemed to bethe
triumphant banquet upon tlese three human bodies; a
barbous feast indeed! but nothing more than, as I
bhad observed, as usual with them. I observed .lo,
that they had landed, not where they had done when
Piriday made his escape, but nearer to my creek, where
the shore was low, and where a thick wood eame almost
clom down to le sa. This, withthhe abhorrence of the
inhuman errand these wretehe came about, filled me
with such indierotion that I came do again to
Friday, and told him I wa resolved to go do tothem,
and kill them all; and asked him if he would stand by
me. He had now got over his fright, and his spirits
being a little raised with the dram I had given him, he
wa very cheerful, nd told me, a before, he would die
when I bid die.
In this fit of fury I divided the arms which I had
charged, a before, betwn us; I gave Friday one
pistol to stick in his girdle, and three guns upon his
sbhoulder,and I tookone pistol and the other three guns
myself;d in this posture we m hed ot. Itook a
-mail bottle of rum in my pocket, and gave Friday a
Sge bag with morepowde d bullets; and to orders,
I charged him to keep close behind me, and not to stir,
or shoot, or do anything till I bid him, and in the mean
time not to speak a word. In this posture I fetched
a ompas to my right hand of near a mile, a well to
get over the creek to got into the wood, so that I
could come within shot of them before I should be dis-
revred, which I had seen by my glass it wes ea y to do.
While I was making this march, my former thoughts
returning, I began to abate my re.olution:-I do not
mean that I entertained any fer of their number, for,
as they were naked, unarmed wretches, it is certain I
was superior to them-nay, though I had been alone.
But it occurred to my thoughts, what call, what oca-
sion, much e what necessity, I w in to go d dip
my hands in blood, to attack people who had neither
done or intended me any wrong? ho, a to me, ere
innocent, and whose barbarous customs were their own
disaster, being in them atoken, indeed, of Gods having
left them, with the thher nations of that part of the
world, to such stupidity, and to such inhuman course,
but did not call me to take upon me to be judge of
their actions, much ler an executioner of His justice,-
that whenever He thought it He would take the cause
into Hi own hands, cd by national vengeance punith
them as a people for national crimes, but that, m the
meantime, it was none of my busines,-that it wa
trne Friday might justify it, because he w a declared
enemy, din a state of war with those very particular
people, and it was lawful for him to attack them,-but
I couldnot aytheame with regardtomylf. These
things were warmlypreseed upon my thonghto all the
way a I went, that I resolved I would only go and
place myself nea them that I might obaerae their bar.
areus feast, and that I would act then as God should


direct; buttat ulea something offered that was mo
eall to me than yet I ne of, I would not meddle
with them.
With tis resolution I entered the wood, d with l
possible wariness d ilenee, Fiday following lose at
my heels, marched till I rme tothe st of the wood
on the side which was next to them, only that one
corner of the wood ay betweenme and them. Hee I
called ftly to Friday, nd showing him a great tree
which was jt at the eer of the wod, I bade him go
to the tree, nd bring me word if he could ee there
&enl. what they were doing. He did so, and came
mmedely b to me, and told methe might b
plainly viewed there-thattheyere allabot their fire
eating the flesh of one of their priane, and that
oanther lay bound upon the snd a little from them,
whom he mid they would kill net; and this fired the
very oulwithinme. He told meit was note of their
nation, but one of the bearded men e had told me of
that ome to their country in the boat. Iwafilldd with
horror at te er namig of the whito bearded man;
and going to the tree, I aw plisoly by my glass a white
man, who lay upon the beach of the sea with his hands
and his feet tied with flags, or things like ruhe, and
that he an European, and bad clothes on.
There w another tree, and a litte thicket beyond it,
about fifty yards nrer to them than the where I
was, which, by going little way about, I saw I might
come at undiscovered, and then I should be within
half a shot of them ; mI withheld my passion, though
I was indeed enraged to the highest degree; and going
back about twenty paces, I got behind some busehs,
which held all the war till I ome to the other tree, nd
thn came toalittle using good, which gav me a full
view of them at the distance of about eighty yards.


many were wounded, that thy rn about yellin and
creaming libe mad oreatnres, all blody and most of
quickly aft, though not quite dead.
fNow, Frdey, ay lylaying down the dishaed
piees, and takin upthe muet which w yet loaded
llow e,"whchhe did with a g t dealof courage;
on which I ruhed out of the wd d showed my-
f, and Friday eloe at my loot. As soon as I peeo
eired they aw me, I huted loud I could, and
bde Friday do o too, and running as fast as I old,
whi by the way was not vey fastl, being loded with
arm as I was, I made directly towards the poor vitim,
who as, a I id, lying uponthe beach orhere,betwee
the plee where they t rd the sea. The two btchef r
who were just going to work with him had left him
theurprise of our fist re, and fled in a terrible fright
to the seaside, and ad jumped into canoe, and three
moe of the rst made the same way. tmred to


e had iledthem ll, for I aw them llll of a hp
into the boat, though I aw two of them up again
quickly; however, he killed two of them, ad wounded
th third, so that he lay down in the bottom of the boat
as i he had been dad.
While my man Friday fired at them, I pulled out my
knife and cut the lags that bound the poor victim; and
loosing hi had fet, lifted him p, and asked
him in the Portugese tongue, what he was He
answered in Latin, Christimanu; but wao weak and"
faint that he muld scarce stand or speak. I tookmy
bottle out of my pocket, and gave it him, making
that he should drink, which he did; andI gae him


-nE -sumiiAKD au A M IEarCE ESoomIE XT I TI A S-AMAE.

I had now not a moment to lose, for nineteen of the piece of re, which he at. Then I asked him what
dreadhulrethestuponthe ground, dallclosehuddled countryman hewas: and he id pgole; and beg
together, and had jst snt the other two to butcher a little recovered, let me know, by all the ig he would
the poor Christian, and bring him pehaps limb lmb imb possibly make, how much he was i mydeb for his
to theri fire, and they wre stooping do to untie the deleranee. Seigior," id withamuoh Spnih
bands at his feet. I turedtoFriday:-"Now, Fiday," a I uld make up, awewil talk afterwardl btwe
said I, "do as I bid thee." Friday said he would. mustfightnow; ifyaouhaveanystength let,t
'Then, Friday," say I, "do exactly as you see me do; pistol and word, and lay aboutyou." HetokmL ,
fail in nothing." So I set down one of the muhets and ery thankful; and no sooner had he the ami.hhi
the fowling-pimee upon the ground, and Frda did the hands, but, as if they had pt new vigour into ta ha
like by his, and with the other mushet I too1 my aim lew upon is murderers lke a fury, and had t two of
at the ages, bidding him to do elt like; d then tem m pieces i an instant; for the truth i, uth
askinghimifthewa read ha sai Yea." "Thenire hholwwarrpisetothem, sothepoo breathe ere
at them," said I; and at the same moment I fired also. so much frightened with the noise of our pieces that
Friday tookhis aim somuch better than I, the hey fell down fo mer azement and fear, rad had
deththehot he killedtwoofthem,andwoundedthree nomorepower to attempttheir own eapethan their
me; and on my side I killed one, and wounded two. leh had to reit or shot: and that was the ase of
They were, you may be sure, in a dreadful onsterna- those five that Friday shot at inthe boat; for these
tioo; and all of them thot were not hurt jumped upon of them fell with the hurt they reeired, o the other
the. feet, hut did not immediately know whih way to two fell with the fright.
run, or y to lo, fr they knew not from I pt mypiece inmyhand tll without flg, being
whence their destruction ame. Friday kept his eyes willing to keep my charge ready, because I had vea
close upon me, that, asI had hid him, he might obervee the Spaniard my pistol m ad sword: so I lehd to Fridy,
what I did; so, as soon as the first shot wa made, I and bade him rn up to the tree from when we
threw down the piece, and took up the fowling-pece, frst fired, and fetch the arms which lay there that ad
and Friday did the lie; he sa me oc and est; been dischared which ho did with g at t ; a nd
he did the same again. Are you ready, F Ardy" thengieing dm my mtebet, Itat down mysatols ad
saidI. "Yes," ayshe. "Let fly, then,' says I, ~h oillthe retagaln, and b edathemecme toe rwheentley
the name of God" and with that I fired agn among mwated. While I w loading them th&b e
the amazed wretehee, and so did Friday; rod as u happened a teree engagement between ths Spjno
pieces were now loaded with what I cll wanaahot, or and one of the a who made at him with uone
Spitol-bullet, we found only two drop; butao their getwooden rds, the wm that a toe h ,





36 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF BOBINSON CIUSOE.

killed lhim before, I ha not prevented it. The any bread. He shook hi head, and d, "None; o on for it, f me. It as rem hble, too, I had
1.11 1 -- -- -. i... 1 l -^ l ,r l'f" T a h cake bht three subject, and they were of three different
i i i i i .- sa; I religions: my man Friday wa Protetant, his father
S, not was a Pagan and a annibal, and the Spaniard was
.- my Papist. However, I allowed hlbrt7 of nsience
S. i a thoughoutmy dominis-utthi bytheway.
S ,, ... o .. r given Ao a I had see red my two weak rued










d whe I ha a ur with
S ',,",,' 'i .. ..* ,~r -' ',', ", 1 *,, .", .- '.. .. '- i ... / .. 1 ...-.. i".y w





































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'_ 11 i.- i.1.. '' _, '- .'' wy pon m g ons e w ''thr nat.m,


















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'i 1htond of they gesaiery o thet oe,
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'.. -.. .. I r ,.- e cte .nd to nde ed e r

,, ,, 1 ,' , .... ,i ,r 1 i i ,.' teyme.t a tdr .o e ..e,w ang
i," + ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ U -....d d ,wh re , .,- Ecou withtwr
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j .. . th e, t tar e of their y c, oad
... .11 .-.1. ~' ..1.- 1 .'e t e vo e ee




















f i,, s ',',e 'me- o that hadn u u right of .. .. e l ,


teave him a little, I rated him to me, and hr amen my pen -le mere pe" etety e.tjeeted t wee aenolutety hot they w-re perfetdy elee, f- r that they had
jmping ed lail i, nnd ptae to the ighet lodnd gie the lloed te l to e, vid her powder no all, the washing of theseahaving
tree h I d if e hd given th redy to y don th if there d bee poied l the p de, t a little, whih thy ed





LVE -"D AI)YNTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE 31


ot their fit leading, to provide themselves with oame
I asked him what he thought would become of them
there, and if they had formed any design of making
their escape. Ho rid they had many o ttions
about it; but that having neither veoel, nor toolso
build one, nor provisions of any rind, their ounoils
always endod in teaM and despuir. I asked him how he
thought they would receive a peoposl from me, which
might tend towards o escape ; and whether, if the
ere all here, it might not be done. I told him wiz
freedom, I feared mostly their toeochery and rll-nsage
of me if put my life in their hands; forth gratitude
was no inherent virtue in the nature of man, no did
men always sqre their dealings y the obligation
they had received, so much as they did by'the ad -
tages they epeoted. I told him it\would be very had
that I should be the instrument of their dliveronc,
and that they should afterwards m ke me their prison
in New Spain, here an Englishman was certain to bh
made a sacrifie, rwht neceeasdty,or what accident e
brought him thither; and that I had rather be de=hmr
up to the mvages, ad he devoured alive, than fail into
the merciles elaws of the priests, and e carried ito
the Inquisition. I added that, otherwise, I was pe
suaded, if they wre all here, we might, with o many
hands, build a barque large enough to carry us ll away,
either to the .Brails southward, or to the islands or
Spanish coast northward; hut that if,in requital, they
should, hen I had put weapons into their hands, carry
me by force among their oo pole,I might ill-used
for my kindness to them, md maime my cae worse than
it was before.
Ho answered, with a great deal of eandour and
ingenuouse, th thatheir condition w s miserable,
and that they wre s sensible of it, that he believed
thly would abhor the thought of usng any ra0 un.
kindly that should contribute to their delivereane; and
that, if I pleased, he mould go to them, with the old
man, and discourse with them about it, and rtur
agains,d d rig me theirser; that he would make
cnditions with them upon their solemn oath, that they
should h absolutely unde my direction, as their mm-
mandr and captin; and they should swr upon the
hol sacraments and gospel to e true to me, ad go to
such Christia country a I should agree to, d no
othie; and to be directed wholly and absolutely my
orders, till they were Iaded safely in such country
I intended; and that he would brig a contract from
them, under their h hds, for that purpose. Then he
told d first osear to me himsel, that he
would never stir from me s lng as be lived, till I ga
him orders; and that he would tace my side to the hot
drop of his blood, if there should happen the lea
breach of faith among his motrymen. He told m
they wem al of them very ciil, honet men, ad they
weo under the gratest dits imagible, havin
neither weapons nor clothes, nor any food, but at th
mercy and dis etion of the svagses; out of all hope
of ever returning to their own country; and that h
was re, if I would undert their relief, they would
live amd die by me.
Upon these sotmraces, I'reolved to ventme to
relieve them, if possible, ad to =nd the old savage
and this Spaniard over to them to treat. But whcn we
had got all things in readiness to go, the Spaniard
himself started an objection, whih had so much pru-
dence in it on one hand, and so much sincerity on
the other had, that I could not hot be very wrll
rtisfied in it; ad, by his advice, put off the daliver-
ance of his comes for at last half a r. The cae
was thus: he had been with us now abot a month
during which time I had let him see in what manner
had provided, with the sasitanoe of Providence, for my
support; and he sw evidently what stock of cor ad
rice I had lad up; which, though it was more than
suffient for myself, yet it was not suffisent, without
good huhendey, for my family, now it was increased to
four; hbt much lose would it he suffient if his ountry-
men, who were, s he said, teen, till live, should
come over; and leat of all would it be suffcieot to
victual or vessel, if we should boild one, for a oage
toany of the Christian nloiesof Ameic ; Bs e told
me he thought it wold be more advisble to let hiom
and the other two dig and cutirto some more land, s
much as I would apreo seed to sow, and that swe should
wait another harvest, that we might hare a supply of
corn for his contrymen, whethey should come; for
want might e a temptation to them to disagese, or sot
to think themselves delivered, otherwise than out of one
diffclt into another. "You know," ys yhe, "the
children of Israel, though they rmjoied at first for their
being delivered oat of Egypt, yet rehelled ven against
God Himself, that delivered them, when they rame to
wat.hbrad in the wildrro "
His cation wu so u ble,and his advice s good,
that I could not =ht be mewell pleased with his pro-
po as well as I Wu tld ih hids fidelity; so we
fell to digging, I four o s aa woll as the wooden
tool, we wemre frid with ptnmttd;,t d, in about


a month's time, by the end of which it wamoae d-time,
we bad got so much land sod trimmed pu we
cowed two-snd-twenty bheohle of barley on, and sixteen
jars of rioe, hith wAe, i hort, all the seed we had to
spare: indeed, we left ouosve haarely sufficiet for our
own food for the ox month that we ad to epect o
op; that is to recning from the time we set ou
deed aide for sowng; for ist i ot to he opposed it i
six months in the -round ih that country.
Havin no society enough, and our number behog
uffelent toput us out of fear of the savages, if they
had ome, oless their number had been very great, we
went freely all over the island,wheever we found occa
sion ; and as we d oa escape or deliverance upon ou
thought, it was impoasibla, t least for me, to have the
means of it out of mine. For this purpose, I marked
out sverl trees, which I thought fit for our ek, and
I et FPiday ad his father to cut them down ; son the
I caused the Spaoard,to whom I imparted my thought
on that affair, to oversee sd direct their work. I
showed them with whot indefatigable pas I hd
hewed -.lorge tree into single plks, and I cusd
them to do the like, il thy made about a dozen lge
pl'anh of good oak, n r two feet broad. thirty-tiro fe
long, and from two inches to four inch tic: what
prodligio labour it took up, anoy one may imagine.
At the same time, I cntrived to increase my litl
flock tamere gats a much as I could; ad for thi
purposeI made Friday and the panird go out one
day, and myself with Friday the net day (for we took
our turos), and by this means we got about twenty
youog kids to breed up with the rest; for whenever wa
shot the dam, w saved the kids, and added them to
our flck. But, above all, th season for curig the
grapes omig on, I m ed such a prodigoquantity
to hung up i the sa, tht, I lieve, hd we een
at Aliut, where the rains of the sn m cured, we
could have tilled sixty or l ghtyhbrruls; sd these
with or bred, formed s great part of our food-very
good living, too, I asure you, for they ae exceedigly
nourishing.
It was nor hart, d our rop in good order: it
wa not the moat plentiful increase I had seen in the
island, but, however, it was moug h to a er our end;
for, from tweuty-two bushels of rle, we brought
and thrashed out above two hundred and twety
bushels; and the l int poportionaof the rice; whih
was store enough fe our food to the next harvest,
though all the sixteen Sp=nrds had been on shore
with me; or, if we had been ready fr a voyage, it
would very plentifully have ictualiled our ship to have
carried us to any pt of the world, that is to say,
part of America. When we had ths housd and
secured our magai of corner, we fell to wmark to make
more wichrware, via great baskets, in which we kept
it; and the Spaniard wa very handy and dexterous a
this part, and often bimed me that I did not make
some thing for dfence of this kind of work but I saw
need of it.
And now having a full supply of food for all the
guests I expected,I ave the Spniard leve to go over
tothe min to see what h cold do with those he had
left behind him the. I gave him a strict charge not
tho g y mm would not first swe, in the
presence of himself and the old avge, that he would
no way injure, fight with, or attc the peron K he
should find in the island, who was s hind to snd
for them in order to their delivered; but that they
mould stand by him ad defend him against all sueh
attempts, and wherevr they wnt, would be entirely
under and subjeted to his ommnmd and that this
should be pot in writing, and signed in their hands.
How they wre to have done this, when I knew they
had neither pn ninkt, was a question which we never
asked. Undarnth instructions, the Spaniard and the
ld savage, the father of Fridy, went away in one of
the canoe which th might he said to ha ome in, or
rather were brought in, hen they came a prmon. to
be devoured by the savge. I gave each of them a
musket, with a relock onit, and aboot eight charge
of powd and hall, charging them to b very good
husband of both, and not to use either of them but
upo orgentoeas
This ws a cheerful work, being the first measures
used by me, in view of my deliver e, fr nowm twty-
seen years and some days. I gave them provisions of
bread, and of dried grapes, sufrfient for themselves for
many dys and ufficit for all the Spaniards fo r about
eight days' time; and wishing them a good voyage, I
saw them go, agreeing with them about a eigol they
should hang out at their return, by which I should kow
them again, when they came back, at distance before
they mme sohore. They ent away, with afa:ir gele,
on the day that tle mon mas ot full, oby my amount in
the month of Ootober ;bat as for an eort reckoning of
days, after I had ene lost it, I. old nev recover it
gain; nor had I kept even the number of years so
puctmally as to be ue I was right though, a it
=pred, when I ofterwrds examined msy anout, I
ound I had kept true roeot g of yeeM .


It was noles than ei ht days I had waited for them
when a straoge and unfoeseeo accident interoeed, of
Which oth like rhas not, porhpo, heen heard of inhistory.
I was fast sleep i my hutch o morning, when my
man Fridy ame running in to me, nd called aloud,
"Master, master, they ao ome, they are come[" I
imped up, and, regordles of daugr, I went as moon
I could get my clothes on, through my little grove,
rhich, by the way, w hy i time gro to be a very
thick wood; I y, regrdless of danger, I went without
my arms, wich as ot my usm to dor : ut Iwu
urpsed, whn, tor my eyes to the rea, I presently
saw a boat about a league and a half distance, sta=d-
ing in for the shore, with ahouldee-of-motton a il, as
they call it, and the wind blowing pretty fat. to bring
them in: also I observed, presently, that they did not
mme from that side which the shore Iay on, but from
the southernmost end of the island. Upon this I
called P eidy in, and bade him lie dose, for thee wero
not the people we looed for, and that we might not
know yet whether they were friends or enemies. In
the next place, I went in to fetch my perspective glss,
to se what I could make of them; and, having taken
the ladder out, I climbed up to the top of the hill, as I
hsed to do when I as appehensive of anything, and to
mrakeh my view the plainer, without being disroverd. I
had scr st my foot upon the hill, when my eye
plainly discovered a ship ying at anchor, at about two
l es and a half dirtano from me, tl.E., but not
shove a league and a half from the osho. By my
observation, it appeared plainly to be an Englsh ship,
snd the hbot appeared to he an English long-boat.
I cannot expre the eonfuson I was in, though the
joy of seeing a ship,and one that I had reaon to lieve
ws manned by my own countrymen, and consequently
friends, w such s I cannot derorbe; but yet I had
oame secret doubts hang about me-I oant tell frm
whene" they mcam-bidding me keep upon my guard.
a the first plfi it ocred to me to comider what,
business sn English ship could have in that part of
the world, since t was not the way to or from y part
of the world where the Eoglish had say tmac; nd I
knew there had been no stos to drive them in there,
in distress; and that if they were really English it was
mot probable h that they we here upon no good deigu;
snd that I hadbetter continue o I masthan fall oto
the hands of thieves and murders.
Let no man despise o secret hints and notices of
anger which sometimes re given him hen he may
thin there is no possibility of its being al. That
such hints and notice are glvn us, I believe few that
have made any obreations of things cnm deny; that
they are ertain discoveries of n invisible world, sod a
onverse of spirit, we cannot doubt; and if the ten-
deny of them sems to he to warn us of danger, why
should re not suppose they me from some friendly
agent (whether spreme or inferior and subodinate, is
not the questio),and that they e given for our good
The preset question asbudantly onfirmse me in the
justice of this reasoning; for had I not been made
cautious by this secret admonitin, come it from hence
it will, I had been done inevitbly, and in a far worse
condition thin before, syou will see pesently. I had
not kept myself long in this pesthre, till I sa the boat
draw near the shore, as if they looked for a crek to
thrust in at, for the convenience of landing; however,
s they did not come quite far enough, they did not se
the little inlet where I formerly landed my rafts, bt
ran their beat on shore upon the beah, at about half
a mile from me; which was very happy for me; for
otherwise they would have landed just at my doo, as
I may sy, and would soon have beaten me out of my
castle, sd perhapo have plundered me of all I had.
Whme they were on shore, I was fully atised they
were Engihmen, at least out of them; one or two
I thought were Dutch, but it did not prove so; there
were in all leven men, whereof three of them I fond
wee armed, and, as I thought, bound; and when the
irat four or ive of them were jumped n shorm, they
took those three out of the boat, as prisons one of
the threes I could perceive using the most passeiota
gesthem of entrety, aflition, and despair even to
id of extmavaganee; the other two, I d peee
lifted up their hands sometimes and apperedon e
indeed, but not to such a degree s the first. I
perfectly confonded at the sght, and knew not what
the meaning of it should be. Friday called out to me
in =bglih, s well as he could, a0 master! you se
English ma eat perise well as savage mas."
"Why Friday," says I, "do you think they are goi
to sat them,then?--"Yes," says Friday, they'lll
eat them.N-" no," soy I, "Fiday; I em afraid
they will murder them, indeed; but you may ey mos
they will not eat them."
All this while bad no thought of what tbh ttre
realy was, but stood trembling with the horor of the
shoudhe iled;ny, ooelI mw oneof tbhe violtfft
up his o-m with a =pat outsa sa the -e.men cBl It,
or woed, too ke of the poor me; nd I expected'





38 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON C Sro0.






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ZLIP AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


It now remained that the apthin ad I should inqire
in:o one another's dircmstnoces I began first, ad told
him my whole hito y, which he heard with an atteti
eve to amonement,--nd particularly at the wondorfol
m0000 of my being fumisthed ith poviono aod
ammunitio; and indeed, a. my story is a whole l-
lection of wonder, it afectd him deeply. But whe
he reflected from thence upon himself, and how I seemed
to hre been preserved thee on propose to sae his life
the tears ran down hi face, and he would not speak
word more. After this ammunition was at a end
I carried him and hi to men into my apartment,
leading them in just where I came out, vi.,t the to
of the bohse, where Irefreshed them with such proviio
as I had, ad showed them all the contri. ae I had
made during my long, long inhabiting that place.
* All I showed them, all I said to them, was pieectly
making; but above all, the aptoain admired my fortif-
atien, ad how perfetly I had conceald my retreat
with a grove of trees, which, having been no plated
nearly twnty years, nd the tree growing much faster
thaoin Englnd, w become a little wood, sothicthat
it as impassible ion y pert of it but at that one side
where I had reserved my little finding pasege into it.
I told lim this wa myocatle and my resdene but that
I had a et in the country, a mot pines have, whither
I would treat npon oooaion, and I would show him
that too another time; but at present our business was
to o o recover the shp. He agreed with
me as to that, but told me he as perfectly at a lss
hat measures to take, for that there were sl si-ad-
twenty hands on board, who, having entered into a
cursed onspiracy, by which they had all forfeited their
lives tothe law, would be hdened in it now by des-
pertion, e would carry it on, noing that if they
ere subdued thy woud be brought to the gallows as
soon as they came to England, or to any of the Englih
colonies, and that, therefore, there would be no batting
thm with small a number e were.
I mused for some time upon what he had said, nd
found it wa a very rational oncluio, and that ther-
fore something was to be o ed on speedily, as well
to draw the men on board into some snae fortheir
surprise, as to prevent their I:ading upon us, and des-
troyin us. T n th:, it presently occurred to me that
in a little while the ship's crw, wondering what was
become of their comrades ad of the ot, would cer-
tainmly om on shore in their other boat to look for
them, and that then, perhaps, they might come armed,
d be too strong forus this he lloed to rational.
Upon this, I told him the first thing we had to do was
to stave the boat, whih lay upon the beach, that they
might not carry her off, and taking aerything out of
her, leave her s far useless s not to befit to swim.
Acordingly we went on board, took the arms which
were left on board out of her, and whatever else we
found there,-lwhich wota bottle of brandy, and mothe
of rum, a few biscuit-coaes, a horn of powder, and a
great lump of sugar in a piece of canv'(the sugar was
five or six pounds); all which was very welcome tome,
especially the brandy and sugar, of which I had had
none left for many yrs.
When we had ried ied ll these things on shlre (the
oars, mast, sail, ad rudder of the boat were carried
away before), we knocked a eat hole in her bottom,
that if they had come strong enough to mater us, yet
they could not carry off the boat. Indeed, it as not
much in my thoughts that we could be able to recover
the ship; but my view ws, that if they went amay
without the boat, I did not much question to make her
again fit to carry us to the Leeward Islands, and all
upon ur friends the Spniards in my way, for I had
them still in my thoughts.
While we ere thus preparing our designs, and had
first by main strenth hved the boat po the beach,
so high that the tide would not float her off at high-
water mark, and bides, hd broke a hole ino her bottom
too big to be quickly stopped and were set downmmusing
what we should do, we hmrd the ship fire a gun, and
make a waft with her ensgn a a ignal for the boat to
come on board: but no bot tired; and they hired
everl timee, making other signals for the boat. At
laot, hen all their signals ad firing proved fruitless,
nd they found the boat did not stir, saw them, by
the help of my glasse, hoist another boat out, and row
towards the shore; and we foed, as they approached,
that there were no as than en me in he, and that
they had firearms with them.
SAs the ship lay almost two leagues from the hore
we hd a full view of them as they came, and a plain
eight evmen of theit f ber=se the tide having set
them a little to the east of the other boat, they rowed
up under shoe, to come to the same place where the
other had landed, and where the boat lay; by this
mean. I my, we had a ful view of them, and the
mptain onew the pero and hrateo of .1a the men
in the boat, of whom, he aid, there wer thrbe em
honest fellow, who, be was re, were led into this
conspiracy by the ret, being ovrpoerd and fright-
cmed ; but that a for the boatswain, who it seem was


the hie offieer among them and all the rest they were
as outrageous any of the chip' crew, ma were no
doubt made desperate in their new enterprise; od
terribly apr hensive he mwa that they would be too
pooerfl for s I smiled at him,and told him that
men in or circnmstancea were pst the operations of
fear' that seeing Immt every condition that could be
wa better than that which we were supposed to be in,
we ooght to expect that the consequence, whether
death or lie, oold bo sure to be a deliverance. I
asked him what he thought of the circumstances of my
life, and whether a deliverao were not worth oventurming
for? And where, ir," said I," is your belief ofmy
being premerod hee onppoeto ave your ife, which
eleatod you a little hiao r my part," said I,
"there meems to be but one thing amiss in all the
prospertof it." "What is that?" sys he. "Why,"
aid I, it i that as you say there are three or four
hoe.st fellows among them, which should be spared.
Had they bee all of the wicked pert of the crew I
should have thought God' pmoidence had singled them
outto deliver them into yo hands; for depend pon
it, evemao that comes ashoe is our nd hall
die or li they behave to u" As I spoke h this with
a raised oi e and cheerful countenc, I found it
greatly encouraged him; so we set vigorously to our
business
We had, upon the first appearance of thie boats coming
from the ship, conoidored of epamrating our prisoners
and we had, indeed, secured them effectually. Two of
them, of whom the captain ws less assured than
ordinary, I sent ith Friday, ad one of the three
deliverd men, to my .ave, wher they owe remote
enough, and out of danger of being hea or discovered,
or of findin their way out of the woods, if they could
have delivered themselves: here they left them bound,
but gave them proivoinso; aud promised them, if they
continued there quietly, to give them their liberty in a
day or two; but that if they attempted their ieape,
they should be put to death without mery. The
promised faithlly to bear their oninement wi
patience, and were very thankful that they had such
od usage m to have provisions and light left them;
for Fridy gave them candle (such as we made our
selv) for their comfort; and they did not hkw but
that he stood sentinel over them at the ntranm .
The other prson"es ad better usage; two of them
were ept pinioned, indeed, beca o the ptin w not
able to trout them; but the other two mere taken into
my service, upon the captain's recommendation, and
upon their olomuly engaging to live and die with
so with them and them hree hoert men we were seve
men, well armed; and I made no doubt that we should
be able to deal well enough with the ten that were
emieg, considering that the captain had said there
e three orfor honest men among them also. A
oo as they got t the place whom their other boat lay,
thy their boat into the beach and me a on shore,
hauling the boatup after them, which I w glad to
ee, for I was afraid they would rather have left the
boat t nochor some distance from the shore., with
some hmds in her, to guard her, and so wo should not
be able to seize the boat Being on shore,the first thing
they did, they ran al to their other boat; and it w
easy to ee they were under a great urpi to find her
stripped ato of all that w. i her, and a great hole
in her bottom. After they had mused a while upon this,
they up two or three great shouts, hellooing withll
thir might, to try if they could make their ompanions
hear; but all to no purpose: then they cme all
lose in a ring, and fired a olley of their small arms,
whioh,indeed, we heard, cd the echoe made the wood
ring: but it was all one; thoe in the cave, wer er
uemuld not he; nd tho in our keeping, though
they heard it well enough, yet durst give no wer to
them. They wereso astoished at the surprise of this,
thnt, as they told u afterwards, they reolved to go al
board again to their ship, and let them know that
the men were a mrdered, and the long-boot staved;
dingly, they immediately launched their boat again,
got all of them on bard.
The captain was terribly amazed, and en con-
founded, at this, believing they would go on board the
hip gan, nd set sail, giving their omrade over for
lot, and so he hold atill lose the ship, which he was
Shops we should hv e recovered; but he wa quickly
au mch frightened the other way.
hey had not been long put off with the boat, when
e perceived thm all coming on sho again; but with
thi new measure in their condot, whih it seems they
onsulted together upo, vil. to leave threemen in the
bot, and the ret to go on shore, and go up into the
oentey to look for their fellow.. This w a great
diappointmnt to us f now we mower at loss what
to do, or seizing tho seve n men on shore would
be no advantage to f we let the bot escape; because
they would row aay to the ship, and thn the rest of
them mold be e to weigh nd et sail, and so our
reovering the chlp mold he lost. However, we had no
remedy but to ait and see what the isue of things


might present The seven m me o here, and th
three who remained in the bot put her off to good
distance from the hore, and came to :n anchor to wait
for them; so that it m impossible fur o to come oh
them in the boat The that cmne on shar kept
together, marching towards the top of the little hill
under which my habitation lay; and we would se them
plainly, though they would not perceive u We sounld
h een very gld if they would hove omoe necre to
u, so that we might hven fired at them, or that they
would have gone farther off, that we might come
abroad. But whm they were come to the brow of the
hill here they muld see a great ay into the valleys
and wooden, which lay toward the north-eat part, and
where the islad lay lowe the the otetd andmaiooteed
till they werm weary: and not oing, it mem, to
vent far from the shore, nor far fro one other
they sat doe together under a tree to mooider it. Hd
they thought fit to have gone to eep tere the
h part of them had done, they hd done the job
for ns; but they were too full of appeeheniom of
danger to venture to go to sleep, though they mold
not tell what the danger was they had to fear.
The captain made a very Just propona to me upon
this mosultation of their, viz. that perhaps they wuld
all fire a olley again, to endeavour to make their
fellows heard that hd that we hod all say pon them
just at the juncturm when their pieces were all dis.-
charged, and they would certainly yield, and we should
have them without bloodshed. I liked this popol,
provided it was done while e were na enough to
come up to them before they could load their picem
again. But this event did not happen; and w lay
still along tim, very irresolut what core to take.
At leth, I told them there would be nothing done, in
my option till night; and then,if they did notreta
to the boat, perhaps e might find a wayto get between
them ad the shore, and so might use some stratagem'
with them in the boat to get them on shore. We wted
a great while, though very impatient for their emov-'
ing; and were very uneasy, hen, after long consul-
totion, we mw them all start up, and march down
towards the sea: it seems they had -sch dreadful
appreheodons of the danger of the place, that they
rerlved to go on board theship again, give then
companions over for lost and s go n with then
intended voyage with the ohip.
As soon a I period them go towardsthe chme. I
imagined it to be ait rmlly s that they hd give
over their search, and ere going bcrk agan nd the
pti, as soon a I told him mythoughts, was ready
to sink at the apprehension of it: but I prmentl
thought of a stratagem to fetch them bch gin, can
which answered my end to a tittle. I ordered ddy
and the captain's mate to go over the little eok
westard, towards the place here the msang came
on tho when Fidoy mu remeod, and c om u they
came to a little trmg uond, at about half a ml
dista., I bade them hloo out, as lod as they ould
and wait till they found the seamen heard them; that
s sn a ever they heard the earme answer them,
they should reto ot again; and then, keeping out of
sight, take a roud, always answeing hen the other
halooed, to draw them s far into the islnd and among
tle woods a possible, and then wheel about again to
me by such ys I directed them.
They were lust going into the boat when Friday and
the te hallooed; an they presently heard them,
and, answering, ran along the shore westward, towards
the voice they heard, when they were stopped by the
crk, where, the water being up. they could not get
over,d tlled for the boat to come up and them
over; a, indeed, I expected. When they had et them-
selves oer, I observed that the boat being gone a goo .
way ito the creek, d, it were, in a abor within
the land,they took one of the tr men out of her,
to go 'ang with them, and left only two in the boat,
having fastened her to the stump of a little tm on the
shore. This s what I wished for; nd immediately
leaving Friday and the oaptin'e mate to their bosinec,
I took the rest with me.; nd, crossing the creek out of
their eight, e surprised the two men before they we
aware-one of them lyin on0 the ore, d the
being in the boat The fellow on shore wa between
sleeping end wakg, and going to start up huthe pcaoi ,
who s foem nt, in e pon him, and noeodth.im
down; and then lled out to him inthe bot toyield
or he wa a dead man. The aneedoed vny few aMgu.
mnt to peude a single man to yield, ohe s wm
five men upon him, and his comrade knocked down:
beodes, third was,it seems, one ofthhe thro e w wm
not BO hearty in the mutiny as the ret of thewoi,
and therfore was easily pemooded not oldy toe.cid
bt ftwads to join oey imnceely ith .
managed their hoine with the rost, th ey dwre
them, by hallooing and answering, from one hill t
ooth, and hoo m one woed to another, till they nad
nly heartily tied tbem, ot left them whe th were
ery su they could not eah b to the heat bhfmo





40 LIFE iAND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CBUSOg.
















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LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON BRUSOE. 41


seemed to be a chain of wonders; that such things as
these were the testimonies we had of a secret hand of
Providence governing the world, and an evidence that
the eye of an infinite Power could search into the re-
motest corner of the world, and send help to the miser-
able whenever He pleased. I forgot not to lift up my
heart in thankfulness to Heaven; and what heart could
forbear to bless Him, who had not only in a miraculous
manner provided for me in such a wilderness, and in
such a desolate condition, but from whom every deliver-
ance must always be acknowledged to proceed.
When we had talked a while, the captain told me he
had brought me some little refreshment, such as his
ship afforded, and such as the wretches that had been
so long his masters had not plundered him of. Upon
this, he called aloud to the boat, and bade his men bring
the things ashore that were for the governor; and,
indeed, it was a present as if I had been one that was
not to be carried away with them, but as if I had been
to dwell upon the island still. First, he had brought
me a case of bottles full of excellent cordial waters,
six large bottles of Madeira wine (the bottles held two
quarts each), two pounds of excellent good tobacco,
twelve good pieces of the ship's beef,'and six pieces of
pork, with a bag of peas, and about a hundred-weight of
, biscuit; he also brought me a box of sugar, a box of
flour, a bag full of lemons, and two bottles of lime-juice,
and abundance of other things. But besides these, and
what was a thousand times more useful to me, he brought
me six new clean shirts, six very good neckcloths, two
pairs of gloves, one pair of shoes, a hat, and one? pair of
stockings, with a very good suit of clothes of his own,
which had been worn but very little: in a word, he
clothed me from head to foot. It was a very kind and
agreeable present, as any one may imagine, to one in
my circumstances; but never was anything in the world
of that kind so unpleasant, awkward, and uneasy as
it was to me to wear such clothes at first.
After these ceremonies were past, and after all his
good things were brought into my little apartment, we
began to consult what was to be done with the prisoners
we had; for it was worth considering whether we
might venture to take them away with us or no,
especially two of them, whom he knew to be incorrigible
and refractory to the last degree; and the captain said
he knew they were such rogues that there was no oblig-
ing them, and if he did carry them away, it must be in
irons, as malefactors, to be delivered over to justice at
the first English colony he could come to; and I found
that the captain himself was very anxious about it.
Upon this, I told him that, if he desired it, I would un-
dertake to bring the two men he spoke of to make it
their own request that he should leave them upon the
island. "I should be very glad of that," says the
captain, "with all my heart." Well," says I, I will
send for them up, and talk with them for you." So I
caused Friday and the two hostages, for they were now
discharged, their comrades having performed their
promise ; I say, I caused them to go to the cave, and bring
up the five men, pinioned as they were, to the bower,
and keep them there till I came. After some time I
came thither dressed in my new habit; and now I was
called governor again. Being all met, and tfe captain
with me, I caused the men to be brought before me, and
I.told them I had got a full account of their villainous
behaviour to the captain, and how they had run away
with the ship, and were preparing to commit further
robberies, but that Providence had ensnared them in
their own ways, and that they were fallen into the pit
which they had dug for others. I let them know that
by my direction the ship had been seized; that she lay
now in the road; and they might see by and by that
their new captain had received the reward of his villany,
and that they would see him hanging at the yard-arm;
that, as to them, I wanted to know what they had to
say why I should not execute them as pirates, taken in
the fact, as by my commission they could not doubt
but I had authority so to do.
One of them answered in the name of the rest, that
they had nothing to say but this, that when they were
taken, the captain promised them their lives, and they
humbly implored my mercy. But I told them I knew
not what mercy to show them; for as for myself, I had
resolved to quit the island with all my men, and had
taken passage with the captain to go for England; and
as for the captain, he could not carry them to England,
other than as prisoners in irons, to be tried for mutiny,
and running away with the ship; the consequence of
which, they must needs know, would be the gallows; so
that I could not tell what was best for them, unless they
had a mind to take their fate in the island. If they
desired that, as I had liberty to leave the island, I had
some inclination to give them their lives, if they
thought they could shift on shore. They seemed very
thankful for it, and said they would much rather venture
to stay there than be carried to England to be hanged.
So I left it on that issue.
However, the captain seemed to make some difficulty
of it, as if he durst not leave them there. Upon this, I
seemed a little angry with the captain, and told him that


they were my prisoners, not his; and that seeing I had
offered them so much favour, I would be as good as my
word; and that if he did not think fit to consent to it
I would set them at liberty, as I found them, and if he
did not like it, he might take them again if he could
catch them. Upon this, they appeared very thankful,
and I accordingly set then at liberty, and bade them re-
tire into the woods, to the place whence they came, and
I would leave them some fire-arms, some ammunition,
and some directions how they should live very well, if
they thought fit. Upon this I prepared to go on board
the ship; but told the captain I would stay that night
to prepare my things, and desired him to go on board in
the meantime, and keep all right in the ship, and send
the boat on shore next day for me; ordering him at all
events, to cause the new captain, who was killed, to be
hung at the yard-arm, that these men might see him.
,When the captain was gone, I sent for the men up
to me to my apartment, and entered seriously into dis-
course with them on their circumstances. I told them I
thought they had made a right choice; that if the captain
had carried them away, they would certainly be hanged.
I showed them the new captain hanging at the yard-arm
of the ship, and told them they had nothing less to
expect.
When they had all declared their willingness to stay,
I then told them I would let them into the story of my
living there, and put them into the way of making it
easy to them. Accordingly, I gave them the whole
history of the place, and of my coming to it; showed


THE MUTINEER CAPTAIN IS SHOT.


them my fortifications, the way I made my bread, When I came to England, I was as perfect a stranger
planted my corn, cured my grapes; and, in a word, all to all the world as if I had never been known there. My
that was necessary to make them easy. I told them benefactor and faithful steward, whom I had left my
the story also of the seventeen Spaniards that were to money in trust with, was alive, but had had great mis-
be expected, for whom I left a letter, and made them fortunes in the world, was become a widow the second
promise to treat them in common with themselves, time, and very low in the world. I made her very easy as
Here it may be noted that the captain, who had ink on to what she owed me, assuring her I would give her no
board, was greatly surprised that I never hit upon a trouble; but, on the contrary, in gratitude for her former
way of making ink of charcoal and water, or of some- care and faithfulness to me, I relieved her as my little
thing else, as I had done things much more difficult, stock would afford; which at that time would, indeed,
I left them my fire-arms, viz. five muskets, three allowme to do but little for her: but I assured her I would
fowling-pieces, and three swords. I had above a barrel never forget her former kindness tome; nor did I forget
and a half of powder left; for after the first year ortwo her when I had sufficient to help her, as shall be observed
I used but little, and wasted none. I.gave them a in its proper place. I went down afterwards into York-
description of the way I managed the goats, and shire; but my father was dead, and my mother and all
directions to milk and fatten them, and to make both the family extinct, except that I found two sisters, and
butter and cheese. In a word I gave them every part two of the children of one of my brothers; and as I had
of my own story ; and told them I should prevail with been long ago given over for dead, there had been no pro-
the captain to leave them two barrels of gunpowder vision made for me; so that, in a word, I found nothing
more, and some garden-seeds, which I told them I would to relieve or assist me; and that the little money I had
have been very glad of. Also, I gave them the bag of would not do much for me as to settling in the world.
peas which the captain had brought me to eat, and bade I met with one piece of gratitude, indeed, which I did
them be sure to sow and increase them. not expect; and this was, that the master of the ship,
Having done all this, I left them the next day, and whom I had so happily delivered, and by the same means
went on board the ship. We prepared immediately to saved the ship and cargo, having given a very handsome
sail, but did not weigh that night. The next morning account to the owners of the manner of how I had saved
early, two of the five men came swimming to the ship's the lives of the men, and the ship, they invited me
side, and, making the most lamentable complaint of the to meet them and some other merchants concerned,
other three, begged to be taken into the ship for God's and all together made me a very handsome compliment
sake, for they should be murdered, and begged the upon the subject, and a present of almost 200 sterling.


captain to take them on board, though he hanged them
immediately. Upon this, the captain pretended to have
no power without me; but after some difficulty, and after
their solemn promises of amendment, they were taken
on board, and were, some time after, soundly whipped
and pickled; after which they proved very honest and
quiet fellows.
Some time after this, the boat was ordered on shore,
the tide being up, with the things promised to the men;
to which the captain, at my intercession, caused their
chests and clothes to be added, which they took, and
were very thankful for. I also encouraged them, by telling
them, that if it lay in my power to send any vessel to
take them in, I would not forget them.
When I took leave of this island, I carried on board,
for reliques, the great goat-skin cap I had made, my
umbrella, and one of my parrots: also, I forgot not
to take the money I formerly mentioned, which had
laid by me so long useless that it was grown rusty
or tarnished, and could hardly pass for silver till it had
been a little rubbed and handled, as also the money I
found in the wreck of the Spanish ship. And thus I left
the island, the 19th of December, as I found by the ship's
account, in the year 1686, after I had been upon it eight-
and-twenty years, two months, and nineteen days; being
delivered from this second captivity the same day of the
month that I first made my escape in the long-boat from
among the Moors of Sallee. In this vessel, after a long
voyage, I arrived in England the 11th of June, in the
year 1687, having been thirty-five years absent.





42 LIFE AnD ADVEATO RES OF -ROBINSON O BUSOE.
the country; ao he told me that the I was too much movedwlth the honesty ad kindaeas
Si the, ...' 6, 1 told ,, -th ,,- t,


i,,,' Th I,
'.1




iI,'-' my t ,, ,, J .. ,*t..', t '. -'-'
,, ,. .. h" di, ,I -I of

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,' ''' ', '''' ,' ,' ''''' '' I





































IL tauttea h, ,,, h, the ai n at .1 , ,
''th a them y' t e t .













," tt t.'a
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LIFE AND ADVENYIURES OF ROBINSON CUSOE. 43

of by the hospital, very honestly declared ho had eight i while it was in her power, my faithful steward and in- an English gentleman, the son of a merchant in Lisbon,
hundred d seventy-two moidores not distributed, strutor. So, the first thing I did, I gota merchant in who w a willing to travel with me; after which we
which he acknowledged to my account: as to the king's Libon to aite to his correspondent in London, not picked up two more English nmehts also, and two
part, that refunded nothing. only to pay a bill, hut to go find her out, and carry young Portugoe gentlemen, the last going to Pari
There wos a letter of my poarer's, congratulating me her, in money, a hundred ponds from me, and to talk only; so that in all, there were six of us, and five
very affectionately upon my being alive, giving me an with her, and comfort her in her poverty, by telling her ser ts; the two merchants and the two Portugo
nacount how the estate was improved, and what it pro- she should, if I lived, have a further supply: a the contenting themselves with one servant between two
dued a ye; with the ptiula of the number of same time, I ent my to isters in the country a to save the charge; and as for me, I got an Englih
hqaes or cr that it contained, how planted, how hundred pounds each, they being, though not in want, sailor to travel with me a a see t, besides my man
many slaves there were upon it: and making two-and. yet not in very good circumstances one having been riy, who was too much a stranger to be capable of
twenty croe for blessing toldme boe had id many rried and left a widow; an d the other having a supplying theplaceof a oervant on the road.
I, ld.orioa ato thank th Blessed Virgin that I was husband not so kind to lier he should be. But, n this manner I set ou for sbon and our
, ... .. 1 company beingvery well mounted and armed, we made
S, a ttle troop, wheof they did me the honour to call
: r- i me captains well because I wa the oldest ma, au
S" -. i baue I ha to ervants, and, indeed, was the origin
... ..i. of the o l ol u journey w ..y.
io i l I .- i i AI haetrohblo youwithnon of my seajoumals,
1so 1 shall trouble you ow ith none of my land
tolon; hot tome odeentore that bopyoned to Ie
I n thitedious and difficult ourney I must not
.i j ,, ,.I i .- 1 i When we cameto Madrid, we, being all of.us strangers
.i '- .' to Spin, were willing to stay some time to se to
S j i court of Saino, and whnt was worth obsrving; buti
S ing the ltterpart of the summer, we hastened nity,
S i et out from Madrid about the middle of Otober;
S, .1 i began o regret yhavog pr- but when we came to the edge of the Navarre, wewere
S, ,. t.- ,i -, i,, ist, and thought it might t be alarmed, at several towns ona the way, with an account
Sa wh I fond the bet religion to die ith. that so much now was fallen on the French side of the
11 1 B a l seo hips come But, as I have said, athl wao not the mai thing that .o..ntains, that several travells were obliged to tome
i .ght my letters keptmofrom golug to the BIzils, but that really I back to Pampeluna, after having attempted at an
.. i resafe toin the did not knowwith whom to leor my effects behind etremehahrsedtoposson.
;,_ l word, me; so I resolved at last to go to Eogland, where, if I Wlhen we came toPampelaitelf, we fondlitso
turned pale and grew sick and, had not the old non arrieed,I concluded that I should make me acquaint- indeed; ad to me, that had beeo always used to a hot
run and fetched o a cordial, I believe the sudden anee, or fid some relations, that would faithful to climate, and to countries where I could scar bearany
orpri.n of 1y had overset nature, and I had died upon me; and, accordinly, I prepared to go to England with clothes on, he cold ws insfferablo: nor, indeed, asw
e spot nay, after that, I tinued very ill, and wo all my wealth. it mompre iul than surprising, to come but dnay
o sum hours till a physian being sent for, and some Inorer to prepare things for my goinghome, I first beforeout of Old astile, where the weather was not
llbiniof tieU real cause of myillness being known, heI (the Brazil fleet being just going away)esoled togive only warm, but very hot, and immediately to feel I
or.rd 0m to blet blood; after which I had relief, aswe suitabl to t e just and faithful account of wind from tle Pyrenean lountins so very oeen, tO
ld g well. bt I verily believe, if I bhad not beeu things I had from thence; and, frt, to the Priorof St. severely cold, to be tolerable, and to danger
eased by a v.ut given in that manner to the spirits. I Augustine, I wrte a letter full of thanks for is o ust benrombing and perishing of r fingrs and toes
should hoce died. dealings, and the offer of the eigbt hundred and Poor Friday w really frightened when he saw the
I w now master, all on a sdden, of about five seventy-twomoidorewhch wee undisposed of, whih motais all covered with ow, and felt ld weather,
thonu d poud steering in money, and had an estate, I desired might be gien, ve hundredtothe monastery, whih he Iad never seen or felt before in his life. To
a might well l it, in the Brais, of above a thousad and three hundred and seventy-two tothe r, a th mend the matter, when we came to Papeln, it con-
poonda year as sure as an estate of lands n England prio should direct; desiring the good padm' prayers inul snoinog witth so mnch violence and along, that
aud, i a word I was i a oudion which I scarce knew for me, and the like. I wrote next a letter of thanks the people sad winter was come before it time; and
how to understand, or how to compeoa myself for the to my two trustees, with al the acknowledgment that the roads which wee dfficult before, were now qit
oljoymeont of it. The first thing I did was to rompens so much justice and honesty called for: as for sding impassable; for,in a wod, the sIow y m omeplpe
nly original beonefactor, my good old aptaino, who had them any present, they were far above having any too thick for us to travel, and being not hard froe, s
been first charitableto me in my distress, kmdtome iu easionof it. Lastly, Iwrote to my partner,aeknow- is the case in the northern ountries,there wasnogoing
y bgin g, and honest ot mo at theend, I showed leading his industry in improving the plantation, and without being m danger of being bnrin d lin every
hm all tlt w.a.ent to0 me; I told him tmhat net to his integrity in increasing the stock of the woerks;step. We stayed nole thn twenty daysat I pe
the providence of Heaven which dispod all things, it giving im instruction for his future government of b1n; when ( leein the wintter .o on, and no
w owing to him g lnd that itnow lay on me to reward y part, according to the powers I had left with my likelihood of it being better, for it was the severe
l em, wei. hn I .o.s d.o ..nd..lfold: I trt old ptmon.to whom I desired him to send whatever winter all oer Europe that had been known in the
returned to him the hndred moidores I had received became due to me, till he should lhear from me more memory of man), I proposed that we ahould go away
of him tltn I ent fur notary, and caused him to particularly; asuriug hm that it we my intention not Fontarahia, and there tae shippingto Bord whih
draw up a geral release or dioharge fmm the four only to come to him, but to wette myself there for the ws a very little voyage. But, while I ws onidering
hundred aventy moidore, which he had cknow- remainder of my life. To this I added a very hdsomeo this, tereame in four Frnch gentlemen, who, hang
i the fullest and firmest manner present of some Itlia silks for hi wife and two been stopped on tle French side'of the passes, as we
,, I caused a procuration to be dughlte h for such the aptain'ssou informed me he were on the Spanish, had found out a goide, who,
...,-.. ,. .... ,, ,. to be thereceierof the annual had; with two pieces of fine English boadcloth, the tmvering the country near the head of Languedon, had
profits of my platation; nd appointing my partner to best I could get in Lisbon, five piece of black itize, broughtllemoo erte mounai nsby such waya that they
count with him, and make th rt by r the usual and ome Flnmder mle of a gol value, wre not much inommtoded with the eno; for where
eet tohiminmy name; and bya claus in the end, Having thus settled y ffoir, sold my cargo and they metwith snow i any quantit, hey said t was
.....,, r 00f i h,,,o.l,,l meodores a year to him turned all my effects into good bills of exchange, my fmen hard enough to bear them and their horese. We
-, t, and fiftymoidores next difficulty was which way to go to England: Ilad seut for this guide, whotolde us he would underte to
his life: and thus I re- been accustomed enough to th sea. and et I l a ry stho same way, with no hazard from the ow,
strange aveion to go to Englnd by at that time p d weearmed sufficiently to protect ouselve
1 Ihbadd nw- to o 0ich way l i T it, yot thedifh- from wild beasts; for, he said, in thee geat oow,it
not w ad haodol w"th "the 0t .. tho though I w frequentforsome wolveto howthemao e atthe
had thu put into my heads; and i .. e e rlor to go, yet foot of the moutains bing maderaenos by wntof
care upon head now than I had i uce, hut tao or food, the groundbeingcovered witheow. W told him
e upn 1 h -i .. i nothing but n threoeim, we were well enoughpparl for such reatune a they
,, ,.I .. I wanted whereas I ift is true I had bl u veryo unfortunate ly seac were iE he would inre us from a kind of two-legged
..d my business wmo s ti mi, t be one of the reasons; but lo t no man slight ols, which we were told, we were in meo t daer
S, now to hide my the stongiimpulses of his oe thoughts in co es of suc from, peclly on the French side of the months
........ ; ..... i *,;.l t li;,..h'oUt lock or moment: twoof the ships whieh I hadsingled outtogo He ltiafied us that there was no danger of that inad in
: ", .- ,,_ i re anybody inI mean more particularly singled out tlIan another, the way that we were to go; so we readily agreed to
.,, ,, .-,- ew not ha vingput my thing on board onoftem, and the follow him, s did o twelve thargetlema ith
where to put it, or whom to trust with it. My old otbherhaving agreed with the potin;I sy two ofthese their servants, some French, some Spanish, who, as
patron, the captain, indeed, was honest, and that was sipsmiscarried;via.onewos tkenhytheA]gerines,and I said, had attempted to go, and were obliged to ome
the only refuge I had. In tle next place, my interest tlce other was cast away on the Start, far Torbay, and bk again. .
in the Brazils seemed to summon me thither; but now all the people downed, except three; so that in either Accordingly, we set out from ramplnna eewith n
I comld not tll how to think of going thither till I had of the vessels I had been made miserable. guide on the 15th of November; andindeed, I as
settled my affairs, and left my effects in me safe Having been thus harassed in my thoughts, my olc surprised, when, instead of going fowad, he came
hands behind me. At first I thought of my old friend pilot, towhomI communicated everything, pIesaed me directy back with us on the ame rad that we ame
the widow, who I knew wa honest, and would be just earnestly not to go by seao, but either to go by land to from Madlrid, about twenty miles; when, having peeed
to me; but then she was in yar, and but poor, and, the Groyne,and cr over the Bay of B eay to ochel two rivers, ad come into the plain onty,wefond
for aught I knew, might be in debt; so that, in a word, from when it as but an easy and safe iorney by nd ourselves in a warm climate agam, where the rmontry
I hadno waybutto go ack to Egland myself, and to Peris, and so to Calais and Dover; or to group t w pleasant, and no nowto be een; bnt, na dden
take my effects with me. Madrid, and mo all the way by ind through Frane. I treg to hi left, heapproachedthemou e t
It was some months, however, before I resolved upon a word. I was so prepossessed against my going byo se n y and thought Iee the hbU and peeripmc looked
I 7a rewarded the oldcaptain at all, except from Calais to Dover, that I resolved to dreadfl, yet he made o many toes, nch meander.
_-,; who had been my former travelallthway byland; whih, I w noti hste, and ledo n by suchwindigwaya. thot e ieemen
benefator, so I began to think of the poor widow, and didnotvluethecharge, wasby muchthe pleasanter paeBdthe height of the mountain without t ben mh
whose husband had been my first benefactor, and he way: and to make it mom my ol b ght enmb ith th a nd a on a oof h ddan, he






LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CIRUSOE.


showed us the pleasant and fruitful provinces of
Languedoc and Gascony, all green and flourishing,
though, indeed, at a great distance, and we had some
rough way to pass still.
We were a little uneasy, however, when we found it
snowed one whole day and a night so fast that we could
hot travel; but he bid us be easy; we should soon be
past it all: we found, indeed, that we began to descend
every day, and to come more north than before; and so,
depending upon our guide, we went on.
It was about two hours before night, when, our guide
being something before us, and not just in sight, out
rushed three monstrous wolves, and after them a bear,
from a hollow way adjoining to a thick wood: two of
the wolves made at the guide, and, had he been far
before us, he.would have been devoured before we could
have helped him; one of them fastened upon his horse,
and the other attacked the man with such violence, that
he had not time or presence of mind enough to draw his
pistol, but hallooed and cried out to us most lustily.
My man Friday being next me, I bade him ride up, and
see what was the matter. As soon as Friday came in
sight of the man, he hallooed out as loud as the other,
" O master! "O master! but like a bold fellow, rode
directly up to the poor man, and with his pistol shot the
wolf in the head that attacked him.
SIt was happy for the poor man that it was my man
Eriy. for, having been used to such creatures in his
county, he had no fear upon him, but went close up to
himn and shot him: whereas, any other of us would
have fired at a farther distance, and would perhaps
either have missed the wolf, or endangered shooting
the man.
But it was enough to have terrified a bolder man
than I and indeed it alarmed all our company, when,
with the noise of Friday's pistol, we heard on both sides


FRIDAY TEACHES T'


the most dismal howling of wolves; and the noise,
redoubled by the echo of the mountains, appeared to us
as if there had been a prodigious number.of them; and
perhaps there was not such a few as that we had no
cause of apprehension: however, as Friday had killed
this wolf, the other that had fastened upon the horse
left him immediately, and fled, without doing him any
damage, having happily fastened upon his head, where
the bosses of tlg- Fridil had stuck in his teeth. But
the man was nrMst bur : for the raging creature had
bit him twice, once in the arm, and the other time a
little above his knee; and though he had made some
defence, he was just tumbling down by the disorder of
his horse, when Friday came up and shot the wolf.
It is easy to suppose that at the noise of Friday's
pistol we all mended our pace, and rode up as fast as
the way, which was very difficult, would give us leave,
to see what was the matter. As soon as we cane clear
of the trees, which blinded us before, we saw clearly
what had been the case, and how Friday had disengaged
the poor guide, though we did not presently discern
what kind of creature it was he had killed,
But never was a fight managed so hardily, and in
such a surprising manner, as that which followed between
Friday and the bear, which gave us all, though at first
we were surprised and afraid for him, the greatest diver-
sion imaginable. As a bear isa heavy, clumsy creature,
and does not gallop as the wolf does, who is swift and
light, so he has two particular qualities, which generally
are the rule of his actions; first, as to men, who are not
his proper prey (he does not usually attempt them,
except they first attack him, unless he be excessively
hungry, which it is probable might now be the case, the
g nd being covered with snow), if you do not meddle
with him, he will not meddle with you; but then you
must take care to be very civil to him, and give him the


road, for he is a very nice gentleman; he will not go a
step out of his way for a prince; nay, if you are really
afraid, your best way is to look another way and keep
going on; for sometimes if you stop, and stand still,
and look steadfastly at him, he takes it for an affront;
but if you throw or toss anything at him, and it hits
him, though it were but a bit of stick as big as your
finger, he thinks himself abused, and sets all other
business aside to pursue his revenge, and will have
satisfaction in point of honour;- that is his first
quality: the next is, if'he be once affronted, he will
never leave you, night or day, till he has his re-
venge, but follows at a good round rate till he
overtakes you.
My man Friday had delivered our guide, and when we
came up to him, he was helping him off his horse, for
the man was both hurt and frightened, when on a
sudden we espied the bear come out of the wood, and
a monstrous one it was, the biggest by far that ever I
saw. We were all a little surprised when we saw him;
but when Friday saw him, it was easy to see joy and
courage in the fellow's countenance: 0, 0, O 0" says
Friday, three times, pointing to him; O master! you
give me te leave, me shakee te hand with him; nw
make you good'laugh."
I was surprised to see the fellow so well pleased:
"You fool," says I, "he will eat you up."--" Eatee me
up! eatee me up!" says Friday, twice over again; "me
eatee him up: me make you good laugh: you all stay
here, me show you good laugh." So down he sits, and
gets off his boots in a moment, and puts on a pair of
pumps (as we call the flat shoes they wear, and which
he had in his pocket), gives my other servant his horse,
and with his gun away he flew, swift like the wind.
The bear was walking softly on, and offered to meddle
with nobody, till Friday coming pretty near, calls to






















HE BEAR TO DANCE.

him, as if the bear could understand him, "Hark ye,
hark ye," says Friday, "me speakee with you." We
followed at a distance, for now being down on the
Gascony side of the mountains, we were entered a vast
forest, where the country was plain and pretty open,
though it had many trees in it scattered here and there.
Friday, who had, as we say, the heels of the bear, came
up with him quickly, and took up a great stone, and
threw it at him, and hit him just on the head, but did
him no more harm than if he had thrown it against a
wall; but it answered Friday's end, for the rogue was
so void of fear that he did it merely to make the bear
follow him, and show us some laugh, as he called it.
As soon as the bear felt the blow, and saw him, he
turns about, and comes after him, taking very long
strides, and shuffling on at a strange rate, so as would
have put a horse to a middling gallop; away runs Friday,
and takes his course as if he ran towards us for help; so
we all resolved to fire at once upon the bear, and deliver
my man ; though I was angry at him heartily for bring-
ing the bear back upon us, when he was going about his
business another way; and especially I was angry that
he had turned the bear upon us and then ran away;
and I called out, You dog! is this your making us
laugh? Come away, and take your horse, that we may
shoot the creature." He heard me, and cried out, "No
shoot, no shoot; stand still, and you get much laugh:"
and as the nimble creature ran two feet for the bear's
one, he turned on a sudden on one side of us, and seeing
a great oak-tree fit for his purpose, he beckoned to us
to follow; and doubling his pace, he got nimbly up the
tree, laying his gun down upon the ground, at about
five or six yards from the bottom of the tree. Ths bear
soon came to the tree, and we followed at a distance:
the first thing he did, he stopped at the gun, smelled it,
but let it lie, and up he scrambles into the tree, climbing


like a cat, though so monstrous heavy. I was amazed
at the folly, as I thought it, of my man, and could not
for my life see anything to laugh at yet, till seeing the
bear get up the tree, we all.rode near to him.
When we came to the tree, there was Friday got out
to the small end of a large branch, and the bear got
about half way to him. As soon as the bear got out to
that part where the limb of the tree was weaker,-
" Ha!" says he to us, "now you see me teachee the bear
dance:" so he began jumping and shaking the bough,
at which the bear began to totter, but stood still, and
began to look behind him, to see h6w he should get
back; then, indeed, we did laugh heartily. But Friday
had not done with him by a great deal; when seeing
him stand still, he called out to him again, as if he had
supposed the bear could speak English,. "What, you
come no farther? pray you come farther;" so he left
jumping and shaking the tree; and the bear, just as if
he understood what he said, did come a little farther;
then he began jumping again, and the bear stopped
again. We thought now was a good time to knock him
on the head, and called to Friday to stand still, and we
would shoot the bear: but he cried out earnestly, "0
pray O pray no shoot, me shoot by and then: he
would have said by and by. However, to shorten the
story, Friday danced so much, and the bear stood so
ticklish, that we had laughing enough, but still we could
not imagine what the fellow would do: for first we
thought he depended upon shaking the bear off; and
we found the bear was too cunning for that too; for he
would not go out far enough to be thrown down, but
clung fast with his great broad claws and feet, so that
we could not imagine what would be the end of it, and
what the jest would be at last. But Friday put us out
of doubt quickly: for seeing the bear cling fast to the
bough, and that he would not be persuaded to come
any farther, "Well, well," says Friday, "you no come
farther, me go; you no come to me, me come to you ;"
and upon this he went out to the smaller end of the
bough, where it would bend with his weight, and gently
let himself down by it, sliding down the bough till he
came near enough to jump down on his feet, and away
he ran to his gun, took it up, and stood still. Well,"
says I to him, "Friday, what will you do now? Why
don't you shoot him ? "-" No shoot," says Friday,
"not yet; me shoot now, me no kill; me stay, give
you one more laugh: and, indeed, so he did; for when
the bear saw his enemy gone, he came back from the
bough where he stood, but did it very cautiously, looking
behind him every step, and coming backward till he got
into the body of the tree; then, with the same hinder
end foremost, he came down the tree, grasping it with
his claws, and moving one foot at a time, very leisurely.
At this juncture, and just before he could set his hind
foot on the ground, Friday stepped up close to him,
clapped the muzzle of his piece into his ear, and shot
him dead. Then the rogue turned about to see if we
did not laugh; and when he saw we were pleased, by
our looks, he began to laugh very loud. "So we kill
bear in my country," says Friday. So you kill them ? "
says I; why, you have no guns."-" No," says he, no
gun, but shoot great much long arrow." This was a
good diversion to us; but we were still in a wild place,
and our guide much hurt, and what to do we hardly
knew; the howling of wolves ran much in my head;
and, indeed, except the noise I once heard on the shore
of Africa, of which I have said something already,
I never heard anything that filled me with so much
horror.
These things, and the approach of night, called us off,
or else, as Friday would have had us, we should certainly
have taken the skin of this monstrous creature off,
which was worth saving; but we had near three leagues
to go, and our guide hastened us; so we left him, and
went forward on our journey.
The ground was still covered with snow, though not
so deep and dangerous as on the mountains; and the
ravenous creatures, as we heard afterwards, were come
down into the forest and plain country, pressed by
hunger, to seek for food, and had done a great deal of
mischief in the villages, where they surprised the
country people, killed a great many of their sheep and
horses, and some people too. We had one dangerous
place to pass, and our guide told us, if there were more
wolves in the country we should find them there; and
this was a small plain surrounded with woods on every
side, and a long narrow defile, or lane, which we were
to pass to get through the wood, and then we should
come to the village where we were to lodge. It was
within half an hour of sunset when we entered the
wood, and a little after sunset when we entered the
plain: we met with nothing in the first wood, except
that in a little plain within the .wood, which was not
above two furlongs over, we saw five great wolves cross
the road, full speed, one after another, as if they had
been in chase of some prey, and had it in view; they
took no notice of us, and were gone out of sight in a
few moments. Upon this, our guide, who by the way
was but a faint-hearted fellow, bid us keep in a ready
posture, for he believed there were more wolves a-coming.





LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 46
WehphokePsour eadryndo aoreyando y uaotu; but welby their seeing our hores behind us. I ordered our senseless of danger,-and that if we had notby theo.
w no more wolves till we cane through that wood, men to fire as before, every other man; and they took tined fire, and at last by the stntogem of the toatn of
which was near half a league, and entered the plain. their m so sure that they killed severl-of the wolves powder, mattered them, it had ben eat odd but that
Ao Son as we came ioto the plain, we had occon atthe first volley; but there wa a necessity to keep a e had been tor to pieces; wereas had we been oon-
enough to look about us: the firt object we met with lntinual firing, for they came on like devils, those tenttohaveotetill on horebak, and fired horsemen,
mwao added horse; that asto aoy,a poor horse which the behind pushing on thoe beitor.e they would not have taken the horses o much for their
wolshd killed, d at lenst a doen of thematwork When we had fired a second volley of our fuee we own, when men were on theirbacs, otherwise; and,
we could not my eating him, but picking his banes thought they stopped a little, and I hoped they would withal, they told us that at last, if we hd stood alto
rather for they hd eaten up all the fleh before We have gone off, bt t was set moment, for others came gather,and left our horses. they would have been so
li d not think hit to disturb them at their feat, neither forward again; n we field two volleys of our pistols; eager to heve devoured them, that we might has come
did they tke much notice o us. Fridywould have and I beliee in the four rio we had illed off safe. eoeeially having our ire-ame in ur handed,
t , s a b. h u t ` I. c innr u m be r F o r m y p a r t w a sn e v er so
r r .. i-_ ,a nger in my life,-for, sing above three
a a a ,-, ,, i _raa. ia a. ',aIe come rooeing and open-mouthed to
a' ...^ ,- ',. i r.- : a. .., i -, I. nlav:gnothingtoshelter orm rera at
M I -" i I se lf o v er for"'o st g "d a s it. o urlbe ond .
a" a, a !, a a. a a i cahn to crost.s thono m ountainsag aint I
: "' ', :, a ,., ,,a ia a a-1 Id much rahgothergathousand leagues by
'a -. 'a -- i' a '" 'a ','- ." 11a a -a ,,' was sure to meet with storm one a
a a a.. aa, "". _" .,,,1' a t







..', to ,- th s t r r 1 i -ed
as a e awiatah, -a a, a.-a





a a ,. a a... a .a a ....




hallookilngd that wy coulrsd : an fo e wthe aoiow l


s-oaded and "ilo had aut Lin in wwhen
awe *Ii a a11. ap maa, a ,s a e f aw a e Bla
ly thae woud a r wthr i a ad a a u a a the a w a o








eo one bmes, ad ,oe in o r eo, an that we a
e ,s .a s ., o ,meo n no ~ they
houlb thno lou woha culd: noead i the g n, o for re hen





fast
aa gywe th mooe b urh hotr goed th athe any being


.1.

anrd looking that wus p ut ly, hed a hose, awith a neld of battle being ot cleared, wre made ford And now, antr vedto d is e of m p mtr Wone

saddle and a bridle on him, trying like the wind and argan, for welhad sii neur aleaguetoot, ado hord, in theq rails, Iwmte to mynid friiet dat LIwhe w ho
rc ,, at a al t a y e theydw ent seteraltimes, sometime e faied we n w my trustees, who llped in the rala, they aepted
i-a o u or hi I ee, w i ha. doubted notw oy ofthem; a the ugda g ourees weaere ft e offer ad retted thirts-three tho d

r theuey would get up with himsp t last: no question not certain. In about l hour more sw came to the of-eight to a thnespendhat oi their at Lisbonoto pay
but the y idid. ton there e were to lodge, whih de found in a forit.
But hein w ie had a mot hrible right; f, a iding up t audible fright aho ud eall in arms; for, it seems, th e night In return, I signee d the i nstmhe of ileiu the fm
to ligthe entrance when the horsecame out,we fod the before, the olives and s dome bea had bke r into the ahich they sent fromIsbnoolod nt it to my olhd man,
eooasen of another horee and of t lo le s, devad by village, and put them in such iteror, that they waere no nrt me the bills of exchs ange for th ty-to
thle ravenous eeatores ;wd one of the men dds no obliged to teep ghard night med day, but espeyaesy in thousand eight hnodrd etyatof-esht for the pior,
doubt the yaw e w hom we o epm d ire the gun, foer no t dertoyee o ht o the night, tooreserve e the ortes ring the payment eat ne hdred atmoidorese to a
hutahy i to wim (the old mr dt ,g hisi life andod i mdoto
head ad the u ppc r prt of hs body we od ten up.ho nt morning guide was ill nd his m afteds ito this se n for his life, n hd h I tmd promied

cmeThis oen us with hgrour, and ofe 0ew not ,hat course s led fa maduch t the ie suing of hin to reyuuds, them, hnd ghh tahe pintatin asu tlo nomtretd as a
toheta peeo tbe creatures relied s mn for they i that heugono farther sois ewt rere uobligd to taee t ncheig. Anhd thus I he given the ,ndprt oft
goteredo aont us pwre tly, in hopn s of prey; nd II a ne guid s h erend g to Ioulouse, where e found a a ife of orong e h d advent re,- a life of toridrnePe'
triny believe then wers three hundred of t sem. It m elae, arul pleasanttouetry, adno m oe theqfer-work, e d of a variety whieh the orld ill
happ ended, v ery much to our advantage that ut the no olvepr anything lki them o but wh s e tod tldombe able to sho thehlkeof-boginnthg fooishly,
entrance into the wood, butalittle ay from it then o o ry wToklose, th. t aligt eit woo nothing t ehg mdwh more apply than ny t t of it eru
lay kmo large timber-tes, hich hod been out doe but that as ordunay in the ret foret at the ft of gauemo lrve o much s to goe for..

the summer before,ohd I suppo u olaythere for d srringe i the mo hmtnin ng especially t oen the snowoly on the Any onie onf d thankthatnot-is ate oof Pomplicteod
edrew min little re in among those trees, od thing groundom but they mtqnled much phat kind of guide ne good fortune I d of a raine any mowi hewardwi--
ouprelurdvallnereymkdooneoagtroe, Itdhtse hsdgot, w horoytdventuretowrhngu wtat olaydh do deed, hadtbeen,oif t otahoo rumgtaneg e had
tall to alight, od eeping that tree befo rei t our st ason, and told os it m a srsnge wo m t ncurrede ; but I mh minded to a p andering lifeihad ro

bhetwork, to stand in a triangle, or three front, notalldevoured, When me toldthem how we plned family, nor many relations; nor, however ri, had I
inclosing our horses in the rntre, We did so, and it oueelves and the horses in the middle, they blamed os rcontehtad fresh arqusoltonen; and though I had sold
was well we did; for never aw a more furious ohegy eeedingly, and told nitwn fhtytoone hut we had my emain hi the Brnai, yet I could not eap that
than the rettures mode uon us in this place. They ben ah destoyed, for it ma the sight of the hores country out of my head, and kada ost mind to be
came on mith a gpalls h ind of noise, nod mound which made the wolves so foridus, oe their pey, upon the wing agatn; espeially I mald not ta idhl
the piee of timber, which, no I mid, wnour bret- ndthtat o1thsrt to erim estdof agu,- o in nioI hodtose my islandandto hea
work, aif theywes only rhig ap, their pueyand otbeoigeduthivelyh ngry, andrgsngontht ount i the poor S, rs were ilonme g ther m Mtow
thntory of these. it seems, wan pmpallj teo sin e eagarnee to come at the hoes had made them rd, the Wio,, enestly diaaded mefrm it,"Zs




46 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.
o far prevailed with me, that for almost seven years they afterward agreed, disagreed, united, separated, the island; and in it, besides other upplie, I etseven
she prevented my ruing abroad, during which time I and how at last the Spaniards wera obliged to ue women, being such as I found proper for service, or for
took my two nephews, the children of one of my violence with them-how they were subjected to the wies to such a- would take them As to the English-
brothes,into my care; the eldt, having something of Spaniarde.-how honestly the Spaniards used them; a men, I premised to send them some women from
his own, I bred up as a gentleman, and gave him a history, if it were entered into, aW full of variety and England, with a good cargo of necessaries, if they
settlement of some addition to his estate after my wonderful accidents asrmyown part-particularly, alo would apply themselves to o,.L i after-
decease. TheotherIplaed wihththecaptainofaship; as to their battles with the Caribbeans, who tanded wards would not perform i -- a very
and after five years finding him a sensible, bol, enter- several times upon the island, and as to the improve- honest and diligent after they were mastered, and had
pniag young fellow. I put him into a good ship, and meat they made upon the island itself,-ad how fi their properties set apart for them. I sent them, aim
sent him to sea; and this young fellow afterwards of them made an attempt upon the mainland, and from the Brazli, five cows, three of them beiog big
drew me in. as old as I was, to further adventurs hbmouht away eleven men and five women prisoners, by with tlf, some sheep, and som hogs, which hen I
myself. which, at my coming, I found about twenty young came again were consderably increased.
In the meantime, I in part settled myself here; for, children sn the island. But all these things, with an amount how three
first of all, I married, and that not either to my dis- Here I stayed about twenty days.,-lft them supplies hundred Caribbees me and invaded them, ad ruined
advantage or disetofactio and had three children of all necessary things, and particularly of arms, their plantations, and how they fought with that
two sons and one daughterbut my wife dying, ad my powder, t clothes, tools, nd two workmen, which I whole number twice, end were at first defeated, and
nephew coming home with good success from a voyage had brought from England with me,-viz. a carpenter oue of them killed; but. at lst, a storm destroying
to Spain, my inclination to go ahrl, and his impor- and a smith. their enemioe' nfoes they famished or destroyed
tuity, prevailed, adI engaged me to go in his ship as a Besides this, I ared the lads into parts witl them, almost all the mst, and renewed nd revered the pos
private trader to the est Indies;this woe in the year reserved to myself the property of the whole, but gave session of their plantation, and still lived upon the
J694. them such parts respectively as they agreed on; and islont.
S' I having settled all things with them and engaged them A thee things, with some very surprising incidents
... ot to lavethepl I left thethe pt, I ft them there, in some new adventures of my own, for tenyears more,
see, i ,roum heer 1t plehord a tthe rasit. freom whnce t I ehall gie a further aeouontof in the Second Part of
how at first they insulted the poor Spaniards,--how rent a hba, which I bought there, with morm people to my Story.



PART II.

HAT homey ,; ,, ,0 .





,o ic n f e io 1 0 i 0 o '", .- 0 i .' , \
,, ,1','t ,', ,i I ,,',i- '' .', i, ", '; -i :' -,. .

,,,,, a,,, ..0:., t. at I .. .. -i .. .... ,,.. ,v r -.,so ,..I ,. ,.. ,,,,- .. . 0 i.. .,0 i -. ..w c p a ," e 'l '


h- ,i t 0 ,, ,. 0 i i ., a .-
0' 0': ', .. ..0 .. 0... ..e 0 C



S, "' 0 .i .i 0- w, d 0 s ee d, e .seo l


ilIahintot I i iihn 1 o i 1 '.'ke i one wa- e ou get-

1 1'i '" 't 1 i i tI n 11 en th se i tan
ii d v the 'i c v t toi my in-
n e d h by the I sf a real, m g
-nd an o is, ii ,, i 1 r u Intthske o r wt fied and p at i ng, I "a a mau
frie- tech ia ig r ee ._o m.y. ]o.I. 0. ,, ,- woi bei nb d msou neu, wso r s tpoae dof reyreff
i ii among am ore ed things relataig to the
'. ,,, 0- o topartsftheword. wet dow to my farm
I 0 i' ',,d MY .fay .yo wught plnoga, horew art
.. 0- .- ,0- ii oO_. ,-- n-hora m cows, sodi sheep, end arp t upng o rctotey
S -" 1 1 .. 1 .1 1 i r 1 hnt m earnte-af-yea or mreu ntrygenote
'' ' c 1 1 0 ., . 1 i i d .. y thou ghte we entire ty to he in l nas iag n
S ... .. i ,r ,,-. r tan r iveasothe gold, ieing, planting
0 0 -0 0 0 e r 1 andh I iveda I thoeg itthe most ogmeab life
intaol my d,-- .i l prtgwith me- h s he woe soonr-f thati if heh h o ea en ohte of dmeing, se tw hat ande
intrme, Wfore "i it tth- wu had w bdcndd w e ethe fihrt thieg wohtoul so, dt aeo yodn bred to miefortunees wa cahpale of reat-
oms, e andat 0 y v I, ... *n itte i tf r er and io h r th he hog wa detaemir d vigto.
1w myself. e a she w gttou itn ehtoI a he I root l tion erf ouhtl I f ed miyon o at d IS h d no rent to prmy
t ,- thl .i.... a itn, ope"ooi or 'o r, I d t t no lee dynoItnce u Iopng dp luptocs t a dotne
0'l" ..f ,p at,, ,h .. d i.. w, .e i -. ,n ,, spleasedrd whathplntetdwsefetase ynd dwhbet
S, .eing dsompmedw srioynimiy wa r etertt
" *w -ie p scahIt' e an te of wandering lhadnot wthemenre t eom

S '' g t e y ,d ithe ae t eni yd the mor ien ddle tte of ifewhc my
e. 0 00.. -. 0the rsea rmestyrreemmeadedtonoaendivedn
r '..- ... .. rl..,d ihtye, someythingeh g lihr whot is deenibed
elpons me oeoT. iary eiremsttos, thaot they ewillitig hobot it yoe amre reoled to go saya she rather by the poet, open the hbjmt of a eontry life:-
ict, talk to them and are n ewed byo them who. an t ho ude with h nye sthindran e wig i no ine r tg t anyou
oin trth, there ins nothing hot shadow and vapor i the ftee though this itr ea st en ap aterso thi g for one pm 0mvm v rae R om
-th i od they really hwnotingn the matter of your yeas, d.iy ditio yet, if it muoth, gii i ldt pull d o tre.
y tch things s real appfoots i prem, or forf t he of ten, ye must dolt tn ie redreretgds eat oe; dnot only
me tn t thtebe ittderinga do in hhas no i ay ny, b e ing
a g o people after they e ded; or hhet there eitng it; nd i Heven me it yr dty to go, mde a eah pn m incite nd inr e, hut
is ythig n the stores they tll of that kind H wl al mae it mine to go wIthy, or the dre me, y it een, ito a deep relapse of
more thoanthe predet of socMoaedigi ,eiowhihs my any, haneit
twendeg fanies til thef Ihetowthem my imagine- Thisapetioanatoehavitrs sm o y wife bhoght me e en in my very booed, n revered its hoeld of me;
rm wored up to e am hheight, and brought me into little et of theposad I hegeto odrh l ie the retn of a v distem ame on
omeme erse of vapfu r o whtl broomay oull it, that I ws doog; I roreced my wandering fey, maod with n irreistble ufor n upn me. This hlow wthe
Ietonait ppeosd myself ofrte uopn the p at my Hegen to rgot with mylf etoy what hslness ym ywife Itis not my bines here eto write an
old caste, behind the trees; m my olnd pid, after threemre years, end after rech a life elegy upen my wife, give a character of her yarticar





LIPE AND ADVEBNTU S OP OB~9HSO CRUSOE. 47


=irtoe, and make my coort to the -e by the fattry
of a fual sermon. heo wa, i a few words the ty
of allmy aahr; the emtr of all my eterprises; the
engine that, by her prdene, reduced me to that happy
compass I was in, from the most extravagant and
ruinou project that filled my head, and did mom to
de m rambling genius than mothers t ,
fate nstrtion, a friend's counsel, r all my own
reasoni power could do. I w happen lstning to
her, and 0n being moved by her entreatie ; and to the
last degree desolate and diocatd in the world by the
loss of her.
When she wa gone, the world looked awkwadly
round me. I was much a trainer in it, in my
thoughts, -a I was in the Br alst when I first went
on shore there; and as mch alone, pt for the
assiastnc of servants, as I was in my iad. I kneo
neither what to think, or what to do. I saw the world
busy around me: one part laboring for bread, another
part squandering in vle excess or empty ploeoso,
but equally miserable because the end they propose
still fled from them; for the men of pleasre every
day surfeited of their vice, and heaped up work for
sorrow and repentance; and the men of labour spent
their tregt m daily struggling for bread to maintain
the vital strength they labored with: so living in
daily circuation of sorrow living but to work, and
working but to live, as if daily bread were the only nd
of wearisome life, and a weariome life the only oca-
sion of daily bread.
This put me in mind of the life I lived in my
kingdom, the island; where I suffered no moe core to
grow, because I did not want it; and bred no more
goats, because I had no more use for them: where the
money lay in the drawer till it grew mouldy, and had
the favour to be looked upon in twentyyear.
All these thin ghad I improved them as I ought to
have done, and as reason and religion had dictated to
me, would have taught me to search farther than ma
enjoyments for a full felicity; and that there was
something which certainly was the reason and endof
lif, superior to all these things, and which was either
to be poseamed,or at least hoped for,on this side of the
gro-o.
But my sage counsellor was gone; I was like a ship
without a pilot, that could only run afore thewind. My
thoughts an all awa aan into the old affair; my head
was quite turned with t whimseys of foreign adven-
tures ; and all the pleasant, innocent am months of
my form my garden my attle, and my family, which
ore entirely possessed me, were nothing to me, had
no relsh, and ere like music to one that h no ear, or
fued toooeththt has o taste. In a word, I resolved to
I..re off house-keeping, let my farm,ad return to
London and in a few month. after I did so.
When I came to London,I ws still s uneasy as I
was before; I had no relisl for the place no employ-
met in it, nothing to do hobut to saioter about like an
idle person, of whom it may be said h is perfectly
uselese in God's creatioon, annd it is net one farthing's
matter to the rest of his kind whether h be dead or
alive. This also was the thing which, of all cicm.
stances of life, was the moot my aversion, who ha
been all my days used to on activelife; andI would
often my to myself," A state of idlene is the vey
dregs of life;" and, indeed, I thought I was much mo
u mtblhlemployed when I was twenty-i days making
deal hoerd.
It was now the beginning of the year 1693. when my
nephew, whom,as I have observed before, I had brought
up to the seo, and had made him commandler of a ship,
was come home from a short voyage to Bilboa, beog
the first he had mde. He came tome, and told me
that some merchants of his acquaintance had been pro-
posing to him to go a voyage for thm the East
Indies, and to China, as private traders. "And now.
unle," sayshe."if you will go to sea with me, I will
engage to laud you upon your old habitation in the
island; for we are to touh at the Brazils."
Nothing can be a greater demonstration of a future
state, and of the existence of an invisible world, than
the omnrrence of second causes with the ide of things
which we form in our minds, perfectly reserved, and
not communicated to any in the world.
My nephew knew nothing how far my distemper of
wandering ws returned upon me, and I knew nothing
of what he had i his thought to say, when that very
morning, before hecame to me, I had,in great deal
of confuion of thought, and evolving every port of my
cirumstances inmy mind, ome to this resolution, that
I would go to Lisbon, and consult with my old e-
captain; and if it was rational and practiable, I would
go and see the island gin, and what wo become of my
people there. I had pleased myself with the thoughts
of peopling the ple, and ocrylng inhbitas from
hence, getting a patent for the poaeon, and I know
not what; when, inthe middle o all this, i comes m
nephew. a0I hae maid, with hio projool of rarryiyg mt
either in his wayto the Boot Iie.
I pood awhile 0atis wrde, ta d loohig tady at


bh, uWhat derilt d I, -l'at you on this onlocky
oerand" y nephew stared as if he hadbeen
foightdamt ftIt ot;obt prmcrig thot Iwas noa mooh
displeased with the proposal, he recovered himself "I
ope it may not be an lu propoa, air," says he,
Sdare sy yon would be pleased to see your new
lony the whereyo e ed with more feliit
than most of your brother monarhs in the world.
Inaword,the schme hit so exactly with my bempr,
that it to ay, the peposesion I a under, and of
which I havesid so much, that I told him, in a few
words, if he agreed with the memhants, I would go
with him; hbut Itold him I wold not promise to go
ty further thanmyowninand. Why, sir," ays he,
"you don't want to be left there again, I hope ?"
"Bt," said I. "can you not take me up again 00 you
return? He toldme it would not be poasibl to do
so; that the merchants would never allow him to come
that y with a laden lship of sh value, it being a
month's sil out of his way, and might be three o
four. Beside, sir. if I should bisarrye," aid he,
"and not return at all, then yn y woldbe ost reduced
to the condition you mwere in before."
This wao very otional; but we both found out a
remedy for it; which was to cary framed sloop on
board the ship, which being taken in pies, might, by
the help of some oarpentder, whom we agreed to carry
with us, e set up n in the island, and finished fit
to go to sea in a few days. I wa not long resolving;
for, indeed, the importunities of my nephew joined o
effeetoally with my inclination, that nothing cou
oppose me; on the other hand, my wife being dad,
none concerned themselves so much for me as to
persuade me to one way or the other, exceptmy aniet
good friend the widowr, who arnestly struggled with
me to consider my years, my easy ircumstaces, and
the needless hazard of a long oyas e; and above all,
my young children. But it wa all to no purple: I
had an irresitible desire for the voyage; and I told
her I thought thee was something so uncommon in the
impresonsa I had upon my mind, that it wold be
kind of resisting Prvidene if I should attemptto st
at home; after which she ceased her expotulatiors
and joined with me, not only in making provision for
my voyage, but also in settling my family ffairs for my
absenr and providing for the education of
children. In order to do this, I made my will, a
settled the estate I had in such a manner for mo
children, andplaced in such hands, that I na perfectl
Iay and tstifted they would have t done them,
whatever might befall me; and for their eduatio, I
left it wholly to the widow, with a sufcient main-
tenanc to herself for her care: all which she richly
deserved; for no mother cold have taken m are
in their education, or understood it better: and s shea
liv l till 1 came home, I also lived to thank he
foritf
My nephew was ready to sal about the beginning of
Jnuaey, 194-5l; and I, with my man Friday, went on
board, in tbe Downs, the 8th; having, besides that
sloop which I mentioned above, very considerable
argo of all kinds of necessry things for my roloy;
whi oh, if I did not find in good condition. I resolved to
leave so.
Pirt, I carried with me some -rnrts whom I pur-
posed to place them as inhabitants, or at lent to set
on work there upon my account, while I stayed and
either to leave them them or car rythem forward,
they should appear willing: particularly I carried two
carpentrs, a smith, and a very handy, ingoiouo fellow.
who ewas a oper by trade, and was also a general
mechanic; for he was dexterous at making wheels, and
hand-mill to grind cor, a goodturner, and good
pot-maker; he also made anything that was proper to
make of earth or of wood: in word, we called him
our Jck-of-ll-trdes. With these I carried a tailor,
who had offered himself to go a passenger to the East
Iodine with my nephew, but afterwards cosented t
stay on our new plantation, and who rpoved a most
ecessmry handy fellow as could be desired, in many
other bheinessea besides that of his trade; for
I observed formerly, necessity arms for al
employment.
My cargo, as near as I can reollect, for I have not
kept of the particular, consisted of a suffient
t atity of linen, and some Egish thin stuffs, for
thing the Spaniards that I expected to find them
ad enough of them, hby my olelotion, might om-
fortably supply them for seven years; if I rmembe
right, the materials I carried for clothing them, with
loves, hat, ho, stockings, and all such things as
they codld want for wearing, amounted to above two
hundred pounds, including some bed, bedding, and
oushold stuff, partiularly kitchen utensils, with pot,
settle, pewter, b ho, E.; and nea a hundred podnd
more in iron-wrh, a, tools of every kind, taples,
hoaho, hinges, and every neeseary thing I could
I eaered aleo a hundred pore arme. mushet antd
foees; hesides some pistols, a omsidemblo qatity of


.hot of a. sile, three or four tone of led, ad to
pis of an ; and, beaue I hoe.notwhat
time ad what extremities I was Voidig for, m cined
a hundred barrels of powder, besides words, cutltes,
and the iro prt of ome pikou and halbert., In hart,
we had large magazine of all mort of moes; and I
made my nephew cary two oall quartevr-da k gn
more thn he wanted for hi.s hip,to level behind if
therm was occasion; o that when we cam thee, we
might build a fort, and man it against all ort, of
enemies. Indeed, I at flot thought there would be
nsed enough for al, tnd much more, if me hoped to
mataiu oeur poaeion of the island; as shall be oen
in the course of that story.
I hadnot uchbad luckin this voyage t I had hIe
used to meet with; and, therefore, hall have the lew
occasion to interrupt the reader, who, perhaps, may be
impatient to hear how matters went with my colony:
et some odd aocdonts, 0srs wiuod, and ad weather,
happened 0 this firt aettiog out, which made the
oyage longer than I expected it at first; and I, who
d neer made but one voyage, my firet voyge to
Guine, wich I might be aid to come back ag
the voyage wo at first designed, began to think the
ame lU fate attended m. ; and that wos born to b
never contented with being on shore, and yet to be
always unfortun att sea Contrary winds firt pot
usto the northward, and we er obliged to potin at
Golway, in Ireland, where we lay wind.boud two-ad-
twety day: hbut we had this satifaetion with the
disaster, that provision were here eoeeding cheap, and
0 the utmost plenty; 00 that whil e wely here, we
ever touched the =hip's stores, but rather added td.
them. ere, alo, I took in several live ho and two'
0ows with their calves, which I resolved,f lhad a good
passage, to put on shore in my island; buhat we found
oeasion to dispose otherwise of them.
We set out on the 5th of Fern uay from 'Inland, aad
had a very fair gale of wiod for some dayeA.a I re-
m ber, it might be about the 20th of Febay in the
evening late, when the mate, haing thowatc, rme
to th round house, and told u he aw a flash of f,,
d heard a gn fired; and while he wa tllinog us of it,
a by came in, and told u the boatwain heard another.
Thismade us all r ot upon the quarter-dek, who
for a while we heard nothing butin a few minutes we
sw a very geat light, and found that there wa some
very terrible fire a at distance; immediately we had
recourse to our rekoning, in which we all agreed that
there cold be no land that way in which the fire
showed itself, no, not for five hundred league, for it
appeared at W.N.W. Upon this, we cooled it moe
be some bip on fire at sea; and as, by our hearing the
noise of guns just before, we claded thatit would not
be far off, we stood directly towards it, and were re-
aenrly matited we should discover it, because the
further we sailed, the greater the light arpeand;
though the weather being hazy, we ould not peceive
anything but the light for a while. In about half
hoa's saing, the wind being fair for u0 though not
much of it, and the weather clearing up a little, we
could plinlydiern that it was a great hip n fire in
the middle of the sea
I wa most sensibly touhed with this disater, though
not all squinted with the persons engaged in it: I
presently recoleted my former ircumsne, and
wht condition I as in when token up by tthe Pt-
goese captain; and how much more deploraile the r-
cumtea of the poor eatore belogig to that ip
must be. if they ad no other ship in company with
them. Upon this, I immediately odered that ive I
should be fired, oe mo after other that, if po
we might give notice to thrm that there was help fo
thm at bad, and that they might endeavor to mea
themselves in their beat; for though we could me the
tfames of the ship, yet they, it being night, ooM Mem
thing 0f ,
V tlay bysome time upon this, only driving a the
burning hip dmro, waiting for daylight; when, oa e
sudden, to our geat terror, though we hd roae to
e t it the ship blw up in the i; d i a few
minute all the fo, was out, that is to aay, there of
the ehip onok. This l a terrible, and indeed a
aoicting eight, for the take of the poor meo, whi, I
d, must be either all detroy in the shi
be the tmt in their bat, in themiddte
the -ean; whioh, at present,0 a it wa dah, I could ent
see. However, to direct them t well t I mld, I
am od lights to be hun g ot in ll the pares eb the b t"
where w cold, and which we had anten for, a
kept flring gunst all the night lon: letting them know
by this thatthere wa a ship not far off,
About eight oo'lok tin the morning we disoverd d.
hip's bLto by the help of our perepuve glattS t.
found the m were two of them, both thronged wi
people, and deep i the water. We preived the
rowed, the wind being giant thom; tht tey i wor
ship.and did their uotat tom matoarme thom. We
mmediaty prad onr aoient, to let them toow we
w the, and hnga waft out, l fe theto





48 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.


come on hoad, and then made mon sail, standing not esho themaelve in that different manner I have
directly to them. I little more than half n ho,we mentioned, in different persons only; hut al the
ame up with them; and, took them all i,being no s variety wold ppear, ina short su ion of moment,
tha sity-fourt men, women, and children; for there in one and the same peon. A mn that w ew this
wenr a grut many ps nger. minute dumb, nd, s it were, stupid fad onfoonded,
Upon inquiry, we found it w a Frrenh merchant wold the next minute be dancig and hallooinglike a
ship of three hundred tons, home-bound from Quebec. antic; and the next moment be tearing his hair, no
The master gae us a long unt of the distress of his pulling his clothes to pieces, i ad stamping them under
ship how there began in the steerage, by the negli his feet like a madm n; in a few moments after that
o th e s ot he r il 'h a nfe w m s hof te n .a i..... .t wi
genes of the atrsman. whih, on his crying ot for w would haee im all in tea then aick, zoning,
help, as, everybody thought, entirely put out; ut and, tad not immediate help been had, he woold in
they soon found that some shai of the hrat en had a fwnioments h avo r been dead. Thus it as, not ith
got into some part of tie ship o difficult to come at one or two or ten or twenty, but with the greatest part
that they could uot effctnally quench It; and after- of the; and, if I remember right, our surgeon was
S-.-i..- betn the timber, and within the obliged to let blood of about thirty persons.
Si bere er two pests among them: one an oldman,
S. i 1 i *i i il.. 11 .' b i the other a young man; and that which w
able to exert. strangest as, the oldest ma ws the orst. As oo
They had no me to do then but to get into their as he t hi ft on boad our shiA d aw himself
boots, which, to their great comfort, wree pretty large; safe, he dropped down stone de.d to all appnecr.
being their long-boat, and a gre.dt sbllop. besides Not the least sig of life uld beperceied in himl our
small skiff, which was of uo great seerce to them, other surgeon immediately applied proper remedies to recover
-. intolir. hin, and was the only noan inthe ship that believed he
.1. ,-.1 I I i Thr was notdead. At lerth he opened aveiin hisarm
had, indeed, small hopes of their lire hy getting into chasing fst chafed and rubbed the port, as to warm
the hsat t ditane from any lnd;oly an they it as muh ao s possible. Upon thio the blod, hieh only
i. 1 .ii.- i f t .. I ir i ,, fitre flowing rely, in three minutes after
S -i ... -. pened his eyes; a quarter of anhourafter
S ." T .. '- -. *k. grew better, and after the blood wa
empass; and had s much roviuou and water ea, with stopped, he waIked about, told us he was perfectly well,
S"- "I ,I i- i I ". I aup- ancl tob a dram of cordial which the surgeon gave him.
Si -r s i. no About a quarterof an hour fterthis they merun-
.- r I he g ning into the bin to the surgon, who waa bleeding a
S n c" n. .. nd French woman that hal fainted, and told himthpriest
might perhaps tke some fsh, to sustainthem till they was gone stark mad. It seems he had begun to re lve
might go on shore. But there were o many chances the change of his cirmlmstnre io his mind, and again
against them in all these -,es, such as storms, to over- this put him into an etasy of joy. His spirits whirled
eat nnd founder tlem; mine and eld, to benumb and bout father than the vels rould onvoey them, the
peri sh their limbs; century wins. to keep them out bml gre hat and feverish; and the man w as it for
nd starve them ; that it m t hae ee net to Bedl am a ny creature that eer w in it. The
mirauloos ii they had escaped. surgeon would not bleed him again in that condition,
Iu tie mrlst of their mntematinn. every one bing bhot gave him something to doe. and put him to so ep;
hopeless nd ready to despair, the rpit.un, with tear in hiich, after some time, operated upon him, and he
his eyes, told me they were on suiiden lrprile witho awoke next morning perfectly composed nd well. The
the joy of henng a gun fire, nd after that four more ; younger priest behavrl xith great command of his
these were the ie guns wich I asel to be fired at pesion, -od wa really an example of a serious, well-
first seeing the light. This reined their hearts,nd covered mind. At Is frt coming o boardtheship,
gave them the noti, which, a above I desired it should, he threw himself flat on his f prostrating himself in
that there was a ship nt hand for their help. It wa thnkfiulness for his delirvene, in which I unhappily
S- ; I ; and ensesonably disturbed Iim, really thinking he
I' i Ihadbeen in a sw n;bt e spoke lmly, thnken rme,
S till morning. ". hnks for his deliver .
I ."- r .: e gus, they f .. moment and that,net
musketa, one a nsiderhbl while after na .u n .. ,! me thoank-s so I ws
.. .,, .. ... ..- I dis d on only lt ft
,_ C, I,. p g im,, elm .,-pghimlso. He
,. I ; .. i ., .. iLhrlw minu tes, or little
i . i ... em- -to me, enhad sid
., of seri-mne -ad
r .' .... ... .. yes. thanked me that
S. ,1 1 i 11. r 1hael, under God, given him and so many miserable
i_- ,' ,I I .. i estucreat s their lives. I told him I hd no ned to tell
Shim to flmnk God for it rather than me, for I lhad seen
Ihirlc that le haI done that already; but I added that it was
,' I, jynothing1,utwakt n end humanity dietatedtosall
i iefmen,:d that we had as much nraso u he to give
' lt ks to God. who hd blessed us so faras tomakens
-;I '. I .. p make up thu e the instruments of His mercy to so many of His
h.-. t u ,' i _,s. a srprise of ereaturs. After this, the young priest applied himself
joy, has a thound extavagances in it. Three were to his runtrymeo, end labored to compose them he
ome in tear ; some raging and t themlves, as pesunded, entreated, rguedreasoned with them, and
if they had been in the grentt gonies of sorrow; did his utmost to beep them within the extrcie

t ... we t -, fe d t te .. w ,, 1 ; o r, a .ia prof
as prhaps




too atog, for them at first, nd they were not able to ok d ry to An i nded, ,"he soa
m.s.. it they ere thrown into etmiek, ,nulntoMd ro..onfor ,eepig en needi. r.e ouer our s asiun
of fr it ut ffe. tloat were composed of eery hind, ns w cl those of joy and satisfaction, as
and series in their oy Perhaps, also the 'oe may those of sorrow nds aoper.
hee some addition to it from the particular ircm- We were some, hstdi. dereod by these eruagen, es
staie of thmt n I f' i ib i 7 ~ a among our new guetsh, for the iretdy; bht a after they
Freone, rliouc i. n e had retired to lodgings proidd forthem as well
more pasion. tr, nod more sprightly, and thi shdip r oeld oellow, nd had slept lerutily as mostof
spirits moroe tid thn tin em that I em did, being fatigned nnd fighteond-st ey were
not philosopher enough to determine the cause; bt quit another ort of people the next day. Notwilng of
nothmg I oad oer seen before ame up to it. The I good man en oreeiel aenowldgmests for the Und-
estasin poor Friday, my trusty savage, wa in, whet ess shon them, was wanting; the Freanh it is
he found his father in the boat, nwme the nearest to it; kbown, are naturally apt enough to exceed that vay.
and the srprie of the master nnd his two companions The captai and one of the priests came to m the next
whom I delivered from the violins thnt sa t them on day, and desired to speak to me and my nephew; the
shore in the island, came a little way towards it; hut commander began to osult with us hat should hbe
nothing was to rompere to this. either that I sw in done with them d, first, they told us we had saard
Friday, or anywhere else in my life. their lives, so all they had was little enough for a return
It is father observble, that these extravagances did to us for that kindness received. The cptahin id they


had saved some money and some things of nvle in
their hot, caught hesty out of the flames adn if we
would sacept it, they were ordered to make an offer of
it alltous; they only desired to be t onshora some-
where in our ay, where, if poible, they might get
psasge to Franes. My nephew wisLhed to pt their
money at ftit word, and to ecnider what to do with
themafterwards; but I ovenled him in that prt, for
I inew what it s to be st so shore in a stane
ornty; and if the Portugueseaptin that too me up
atsea had esed me sand taken all I had for m
deliverane, I must have starved, or have been a much
a slave at tae Brazil as I had been at Barbary, the mer
being sold to a Mahometa escepted; and perhaps a
Portuguee is not amuh better masterthan a Tur, if
not, in some Ms muh worse.
I therefore told the French captain that we had taken
them up in their dress, it wa true, bt that it was
our duty to doeo, we were fellow.-estures; and we
would desire to be o delivered, if we we rin the like
or ny other extremity; that we had done nothing for
th buwht we believed they would have donor for
us, if we had been in their se, and they in our; but
th them up to save them, not to plunder
them; and it would be a most barbrous thing to take
that little from them which they had saved out of the
fire, and tlen set them n shoreand leave them; that
this would be frst to save them from death, and then
kill them noumelues: ve them from dremnig. and
abandon them to staring ; and,thrfore, I would not
let the lest thing be taken from them. As to setting
them on sre, I told them, indeed, that as an eeeed
ing de cult to us for that he ship wa bound tohe
Rast Indies; and though we were driven out of our course
to the westward a very gretway, s d perhaps wero
directed by Heven an purpose for their deliera yet
it wA impossible for wilfully tochabge or voyage
on their prti6lar eusnt; nor could my nephew, the
captain, wanser it to the freighters, with whom he we
under chapter to pursue his voyage by way of Brazil;
and all I knew we could do for them was, to put our
selves in the way of meeting with other ships homrward
bound from the West Ildie, and get them a passage,
if osible, to England or France.
The firt part of the proposal was so generous and
kind, they could not but b very thankful for it; but
they were in very great onsteiaMion, epecially the
passengers, at the notion of being carried away to the
East Indies; they then entreted me, that e I woa
driven so far to the westwrd before I met with them,
I would, at least, keep on the same course to the Banks
of Newfoundland, where it was probable I might meet
with sme ship or sloop that th hi to carry
theen back to Canada.
I thought tllis was but a reasonable request on their
part, nd therefore I inclined to gre to it; for,
mdeed, I considered that to carry this whole company
to the East Indies, would not only be an intolerable
severity upon thepoor people, but would be ruisining
or whole voyage, hy devouring all our proviion; so I
thought it no breach of charter-party. but what an un-
foseen accident made absolutelyecessry to us. and
in which no one could y we ere to blame; for the
laws of God Vnd nature would have forbid tlit we
should refuse to take up two boats full of people in
such a distressed condition; and the nature of thie
thing, as well respectiug ourselves the poor ioile,
obliged us to set them on shore somewhere or oterfo
their deliverane. So I eonsentad that wo would carry
them to Newfoundlaud, if wind snd wether would per
mit; and if not, that I wold earry them to Martnio,.
in the West Indies.
The wind continued fresh easterly, but the weather
pretty good; and as the winds had cntinued in the
points between N.. and 8 a long time, we missed
several opportuities of sending them to Franes; for
we met ever ships bound to Europe, whereof two
were French, from St. Christopher's, but they had
been so long being up gainat the wind that they durst
take in no pssego s, for fear of wanting provisions for
the voyage, a rell for themselv as for those they
should take in so w wreobligd to go on. It wes
about a week after this that we made the Banks of New-
foundlaod; where, to shorten my story, we plt ali our
French people on hoard a bark which they hired at sea
them, to put them on shore, and afterwards to arry
them to France, if they could get provision to virtual
themselves with. When I say all the French went on
shore, I should remember, that the young priest I gpoke
of, hearing we were bound to the East .Idies, dedred
to go the voyg.with dto re n the
cast of Cormndl; wllich I readily agreed to,for I
Swonderfully lied the man and had very good reson, a
will appeal afterwards; also four of the seamen entered
themselves on our ship and proved very usefl fellows.
Flm hen.e we directed our more for the We
Indie, steering awy 8. and by B. for about twenty
dey together, sometimes little or no wind at Ill; when
we met with another subect for ou hbuanity'to work
upon, almost a deplorable s that before.





LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 49


It was in latitude of 27 degrees 5 minutes north, on also forgot not the starving crem that were left on
the 19th day of Kurth, 169-5, when esmied aslo baer ,butordcered myoem boat to go on board the ship,
comrseS. and by S. We oou perei it wasa large and, with my mate and twelve men, to carry them a
veael, d that he bore up to us, but could not at filst sack of bread, ad four or ive pieooe of beef to boil.
knowwhat to make of her till, after coming a little Our surgeon charged the men to house the mat to be
near, we found she bhad lot her mantopemut, fore- boiled whiletheystoyed,ndto eepguard i the ook-
mat, and bowspit; and presetly she fired agoa a a room, to present the me taking it to et raw, or taking
signal of dstrss. The weather was pretty good, ind it out of the pot before it was mel boiled, and tlhen to
at .N.W. a fresh gle, and w soon came to speak with give every man but a very little at a time: and by this
her. We found her a hipof Bristol, bound hom from caution he preserved the men, who would otherwise
Barbodoes, but had been blo out of the roadat Bar- have killed themselv with that very food that was
badoes, a few days before she as ready to sail, by n given them on purpoe to ve their lives.
terrible hurricane, while the cptai and chief mate At the same time, I ordered the mate to go into the
were both goe on shore; so that, beoide the terror of great cabin, and e what condition the poor passegers
the storm, they were in a indifferent ase for good er in; ad if they were alive, to comfort them, and
mmoer. to bring the ship home. They had been givethemwhatefleshmenta proper: ndthemsurgen
already nine weeks at n, and had met with another gave him a large pitcher, ith some of the prepared
terrible atorm after the hurriane was over, wiech Iad mroth which hhmd given the mate that a on board,
blu anthem quite out of their bowledge to the wost- and which he did not question would restore them
ward, and io which they loot therr masts. They told ut gradually. I as not satisfied with this: but, as I said
they expected to have seen the ahama Isisne but above, lhaing a great mind to see the soen of misery
wrm. then driven ama agan to the south-east, y a which I tew the ship itself eould present mI ith in
strong gleof ind at N.N.W., the rome that ble now: a more lively manner than I could have it by reported,
ani haing no mils to work the ship with but a main took the optain of the ship a we now lled him, with
coo,d a kind of square sail upon a jury foremast, me, and wnt myself, a little after, in their boat.
which they had set up, they would not lie near the wind, I found the poor men on oard almost in a tumult, to
but we endeavourng to stoal away for the Caries, get the victuals out of the boiler before it tat ready;
But that which was woret of all, wma, that they were but my mateoerved hisorderand kept a good gunar
almost starved for want of provisions, besides the at the Iook-room door, and the man he place there,
fatiguh they had undergone: their bret acd feslo after usingall poble pers ion to havr ptienc kept
were quite gone-they hId not o unoce left in the them off by fore; however lie caused ome bieuit
soip, and ha had none for eleven days. The only re cakes to be dipped in the pot, and often wit tho
lief they lod aes, their water wat not nll spent, nnd liquor of the moat, which they called bremwi, and gave
they had about half a barrel of flour left; they had them every one some, to stay their stomachs, and told
sugar enough; some sudales, or weetmeats, they had them it as for their own safety that he aa obliged to
at fist, but thee were all devout; and they had eoe give them but little at a time. But it waes all in vain;
ra Iof rum. There w a youth, and his mother, ad had I not come on board, and their o mmander
nnd a maid-servant to board, rho were passengers, and and officers with mo, cnd with ood words, and come
thinking the ship as ready tosail, uohappily mo on I threats a of iring them no more, I believe they
hoar.d the evening beforite bhurriae begn; and would have broken into the cook-room by foem and
having no provisions of their to left, they were in a torn the meat out of the furna--for wonlt are indeed
moredeploble monoitio than there: for the seamen, of very mall fome to n hungry belly; however, we
being reduced to such a extreme necessity themselves pacified them, and fed them gradually and cauti.oaly
lad no mmpaioo, we may be sure, for the poor t first, and the nexttime gave them more, and tlst
pnssengors; and they were, indeed, in such a condition filled their bellies, and the men did well enough.
that their misery is very hard to describe. But the misery of the poor gea in the taein
I had pertlap not knon this part, if my euriosty as of another eatue, ofa yond the met; for as,
hal not led me (the atber being fair, d the wind firsthe aim' trs the ship's rmpany had so little for themselves it
abated) to go on board the slip. The sonod mate who ms but too true that they had at first kept them very
upon this oeasion ommanded the ship, had been on low, and at last totally neglected them: so that for six
i, i three po- orseven days it might be csid they Ind really no food
S. .1 deplorable at l. nd for several days before very little. The poor
e' lend. mathorwhoas the men reported, waa aoman of sense
'- twodrys: and good hreeding, hod spae Iall he could mlaffR
S *. .id he." for tioately forher on,tltat at lah t she entirclygkumlnoer
We immediately it; and when th matoe of ourship rent in.csoe tnopon
S. ii i, hkup against thle aidoe.
t,1 0 .0 1 -. ,., ,.-, r woe lashed ftot, and her
i i. i .- i 1 i, 11 ,, i i ..,- o ldeer like aworpre though
S i'I ~ i .!j said il le coZuld to revie
, .,, r I i '. I 1 111 i -- I ',' I nputsomehoth
,' ,, 11 ; .1 nderstood whathe
S- , ,, 1 ,-i., r., tl tho itqeosto
.- .. ,.- I,-, O ,O sif ohewrouldharve
,. ,, s..o o -, .I- tooeer, the mte,
I -. .. ", .;.o.-o..l ,o o o e.. eight edeatourd

,'. ,t ,. ,+., ,. .' .-, ,. -',-. o. .o ...L o ,. -,..,o bo ou oot-- toth atstio
very bit they ate. I cautioned him to eat sparingly, late, and she died the same night
and set meot before him immediately, but he had not The yoth, whoas preserved nt the prim of hi most
ateo three mouthfuls before he began to be sick nod fftiteon te mother' life, wm not so far gon. yet hr
out of order; sohe stopped awhile. and r ,,. .. ...t withhh t lyony
mixed him up something with some bmti n old glove in his
aid would be to him both food and physic; and after month, having aten lip the rest of it; however, being
h lhad taken it he grew better. In the mau time I young, and having more strength than his mother, the
forgot not the men. I ordered victuals to be given mate got something down bIs throat, and he began
them, and the po or atures rather deevoured tbht ate toseibly to revive; though by giving him. some time
it: they were e exediogly hungry that they ein after but twoor three spoonfuls extraodinary ho was
a manner ravenous, ad had no commZ nd of them- very aick and broughtit up agnin
selves; acd two of them ate with so much greediness. t the nexth care wa the poor maid helayall along
that theywee in dangerof thcirliesthenextmomig. upon the dee hrd hy her mistress, and just like one
The siglt of these people's distress was very moving to that had fallen down in a fit of napeplay. ad struggled
me, and brought to mind what I lad a terible prospect for life. Her limbs were disetrted; one of her hends
of at my first ming on shore in my island, where I s clasped round the frame of the ehnir, and she
Id not t least mouthful of food, or any prospect of gripped it a hard that we could not easly make her let
pm-uring any: hbeides the hourly tpprehre-ions I had it go; her other am lay oer her head. nd her fot lay
of bein made the foodof other reatre. But all the bothtogether.etfatagainst thefemeoftho bietable
while the ma was thus relating to me rthe minhble in short, she lay just lie one in the agoni of death.
condition of the ship's company. I could not put outf and yet she was live too. The poor retro .as not
my thought the tory he had told me of the threepoor o stared ithhunger,ad terrifedwithththoghta
creatures in the great abie. vi. the mother, her son, of deth.lbut.as the men told s afterward, aesbroen-
and the muid-aervant, hom he had heard nothing of hearted for her mistress, whom she saw dying for two
for two or there days,and who, heeemed to nfe or three dy before andwhomhlo mot tenderly.
they had holly ne ted, their own xtemiti being We knew not whattodo with thispoor girl; for wrhe
so great. by which understood, that they had really our geo, who wa a man of ery great knowledge
given them no food at all, and thtth orfe they mot and prionee. had, with great application, reovered
be perished, ad be all lying dead. perhaps on the heratolife,hehadherupothishandsstill;forhewas
floor dek of the cabio. little ls than distracted for a coniderable time after.
As I theorefoe kept the mate, whem we then called Whoever shall read these memorndnms mseet be
captain, o board with his m to frefh them, o I dsired to consider, that viits at sea renot like a


journey into the cmmtry, where sometimes people stay
a week ora fortnight at a plate. Our buien w- to
relieve this distressed lipes ew, but not lie by for
them; and though they ere willing to teer the .ame
ourae.with u for ome days, yet we could carry noi
to krep pace with a *hip that a no mats. However,
se their captain begged of us to help him to et up a
emin-topmmt, and kind of a topmaet to his jury-foe
mst, we did, a it were, le by him for three or four
days; and then, having given bim five barrels of beef,
barl of pork, two hogsheads of bieoit, and a pro-
portion of pec., dour, an what other things we could
spare; and taking three casks of ugar, ome rum, and
some piees-aof-ight from them for satisfaction, we left
them, taking on board with os, at their own earnet
request; the youth and the maid, and all their goods.
The young lad was about seventeen yea of ge, a
pretty, well-bred, modest, and sensible yoth, greatly
defeted with the lto of his mother, ad also at haeitg
lost his father but a few months before, at Beeadee.
Ho begged of te surgeon to speak to roe to take him
out of the chip; for he mid the crufellowa bad mur-
dered his mother: and indeed, m they had, that is to
ay, pssiebly; for they might have spared a small
osutennc to the poor helpl-u widow, though it had
been but just enough to keep bher alive; but hunger
knoa no friend, no relation, no justice, no right, and
therefore is remorseless and capable of no compassion
The surgeon told him how far we were going,and that
it rould carry him away from all his friends, ad put
him, perhaps, in as had eircumstano almost a those
we fouud him in, that's to say,tarving in the world.
He mid it mattered not whither he went, if he was bet
delivered from the terrible crew that he was ammn:
that the captain (hy which he meant me, for he old
know nothing of my nephew) had saved hi life, and he
we sure would not burt him; d for the maid, h
was ure, if she came to herIf, she would be ry
thankful for it, let us carry them where we would
The surgeon represented the ease affectonately to
me that I yielded, and we too them both e board,
with all their goods, except eleven hogsheads of ugr,
whioh could not be moved or come at; and athe
youth ad a bill of lading for them, I made his mm-
mander sign a ritinmg, obliging himself to go, as soon
a li ame to Bltriosto one Mr. Rogea, a mehcant
there, to whom the youth mid he a related, and to
deliver a letter which I wrote to him, and l the good.
be liad belonging to the deceased widow: which I ep-
pose wa not done, for I eould never learn that the ship
came to Britol., but was, i meeost probable, lost at
coa; being in so disabled a edition and so far from
auy land,that I am of opinion the first storm she met
with afterwards, she might founder, for she was leaky,
and hd damage in her hold, when we met ith her.
I tas noo in the latitude of I9 32' and had hitherto
a tolerable voyage as to weather, though at first, the
winds had been contrary. I shall trouble nobody with
tlhe little incident of wind, weather, currents, &c., o
tle rest of our voyage; hlt, to shorten my story shall
obhcrve that I eumo to my oll habitation, the island, on
the IOt' of April, 1095. It wns with no mall dficulty
that I food tile ',lae. for as I came to it, ad wnat
from it, before, on te south and east ide of the island,
coming from the Br-ils, now, coming in between the
main and the island, and hIving no chart for the mast,
nor any lnd-mark, I did not know it when I aw it,
or uoow whether I saw it or not. We beat about a
great while, and went on shoe m n'eerl islands in
tile mouth of tle great river Oronooque, but none for
my purpose; only this Ilernedby my outing te shoe,
that I was under one great mistake before, vi. that
the continent which I thought I saw from the island I
lived in, wta really no mutinent, bht a log islad, or
rather n ridge of islan treachiug from oae to the other
side of the extended mouth of that great river and
tlat the savage who eme to my island wero not
properly thoe which we call Caribbee, but islander,
and other barbarians of the same kind. who inhabited
near to our side than the rest.
In short. I sited several of them islands to no
purpose; rome I found were ilhabited, and some were
not; on one of them I found ome Sponinrds, and
thought they had lived there: but. speaking with them,
fouud they had aloop lying in small creek hard by.
and _me thither to make alt, and to carth some pcari-
mussels if they could: but that they belongedto the
Isle de Trinidad. which l arthenorth, in the latittd
of 10 nd 11 degree
Ths coasting from one Islend to another. sometime
with the ship sometimes with the Frenchman's shallop,
which we hd found a comvmient boat, and theoefora
kept her with their very good will, at length I came-
fair on the south side of my island, and presently kne
the very nooteanoa of the plae. so I brought the
shipafe to m anchor, beoadnde with the little cere
where my old tabitation wa. As mton as I saw the
place, I allied for Friday, aa asked him if he kew'
where he wa? He looked about a little, ad premntly
clapping h7isaa ried. "0 o 0 there. 0 yeO,
there!" pointing to our old hIbtation.ad fell dung
_md eaperig like mad fellow ;d I bad mueh adoe






50 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSO.



anybody hlre or no? and do you tlk ...
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ht hrked t o g rd Tod hon t t or .lt. ad t c .. -
aso. rd trd at him weld L o t .
felwoiltiwg to him at hoto .s "o '- irt o o'th.




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LIFE AND AD NTV'ETRES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 51
Th Se Spniruds i td have bee tisefd with th*i good while, be permaded to give tham ay food:as tor a move had or foot, they w.e dead mea, d dly
a the othehoutletttl n iteoe h, howevethey the Spatied, they erma e not yet me. commanded them to lay do.n their -am. Theyd
couldn't find their heartsto dolong; bt, like the When the Spanidsme first on hore, t the uim oat, indeed, lay down their ame, but Weemg him W
dog t the manger, they ould not eat thmSelve began to o forad: the Speniard eold have e resolute, itbhroght them to a parley, ad tey m .
neither aold they let theoth t. Thediffeee. shaded the three English hrtestohave taken in their to tale their rounded man wih them and beh onae
neretheles ere at first but triel, ad such a moutrymeo agae, that, a they iid, they might he all and, indeed.it seemsthe fellow wa wounded umetly
notwrAoth rlaing. uhot at 1 t bo oa t ito ope oe family: buthey oud not hear ofi. othere two with the blow. However, they,.ee much in the
war: and it began with all the rudone ad iaolece poor fellow lived y themelve t and finding nothing wrong, ne they had the advantage that they did Mot
that cn be imagined, without eason without povo- bt industry d apcation wouldmakethmliveo disarm them effetully, a they might have done, ad
oti*on, ontmy to doatoe. a. ided, to mcmon fortably they pitched their tents on 0 he north shore of have gon immediately tho teanlards, ad gid them
sem; d thought true, the fiet el"tion of It the island. but a little more to the west tobe out an account hothe rogues had treated them; for the
ame from the Spaiads themselves, whom I may call danger of the savage, who always lded on thle east three villains studied nothing but revenge, and every
the acuers, yet when I ame to examine the felowl, parts of the island Hem they built them two hut. one day gae them some intimation that they did o.
they could not deny wo of it. to lodgein, d the other to layp their marines and B ut not to crowd this rt with an amount of the
But before I come to the portieular of lid pot, I store ; ini ad the Sponiards having iven them some lesser part of tbe.gueioen with which they plagued
must supply defect in my former relation: and this cor for seed, ad some of the pea which I hd left them continually nigband day, it forced th teo me
we, I forgot to eat down, among the est, that jt anthem, they dug. plated, and iclosed, after the pattern to such a despetion, that they reoeald to ghtthem i
we wer weighing the achar to srt sail,th happen I had t for them peall, d began to live pretty well three,the first time they had a fair opporteaity I
little q irrd eon b t of our ship which I was one Their te.t cro of ou wv a on the ground;ad though order to do this. they rvlved to go to the .it (u
afraid would hae touel toa second mutiny; nor .as it wa. but a little bit of land which they had dug up they called my old dwellingg, whl the three togue
it .ppeased til th captain, rousing p his ourage, and at fto. hiaing oad .Iuta little time. yetit as enough andl the Spnoiad all lived togBther at that time in-
tahiog us all to his assistance, parted them by foa and, to relieve them, ad find them with bread and other tending to have a fair battle, ad tile Spaniaeds should
-tables; and one of the fellows being tie ok's mate tand by to see fair play: O they gotup in th morina
S'. .. t 1 the ship, was very ready at making mup. pdding., efoe day nd cme to the piae tad called tho
S. ., ..- ~a-, th rice nd the mil Englimen by their names. tolling a Sp nid tht
1 'i I' j~ i;a I,f ished him tod. aceec thatthry wated to peak with them.
iron to ngland, and have them anhged there for They we gong o in this little thriving position It happened that the day befo.twooftheSpkaiard.
.. ,. i ecv, when the tree rnnatural rogues their oin cotrymen having been io tlhe wooe, had ee one of the two
Stned t u mere humour, had to init them cmeee aod t tnglishmen, whom, for distinction, I caled the honest
S l had bullied them, andtold themthelodcwa theirs: that men. and he had made a tad complaint to the
S' .' ,,. o the goveor, meaning me had givn them tie poes.c Spaniards of the herbaem usage they had met with
.... preeut. till they should aion of It. ad nhobdy else had ony right to it; nod from their trree contrymen, and how ti ey had
P- a d t lat they shold thot they should build no houses upoo tcei grocud, uu- reduced their plantation ad cecltroed their core that






















THE IDLE A. D In DL-3TIUeOL-S SAIIxlcc COME TO BLOWS. TeB SPANIARD KSOCKS c )co W.V .e cB EOLIcII AILeOR.O

be all pot into gaol and tied for their live. The mate les they would pay mat for them. The two men, they had labored t hard to bring ford, and killed
got intelligence of thit, nd (acqleanted us with it, upon thinkbug they were eating at first, asked them to come tle milch-goat, oad their there kids, which wa all they
which it ws desired that I, who still passed for a get in and sit down, ad see what fine ho e they were Ihad pvided for their suateaoance: and that if be and
mn. among them, should go do with the mate, and that they had built, ad to tell them what rent they his friends, meningo the Spaniards, did not assist them
satisfy the men, ad tell them that they might be demanded ; ad one of them merrily said, if they weo I again, theycshould bhe starved. Wheo the Spaiards
assud, if they behaved well the rest of the voyage, all the ground-ladlords, he hoped, if they built tenemcnts came home at night, and they wee all at euppe; one of
tley had done for the time past hold be pardoned. So upon their lad, and made improvement they would, them took the freedomto reproe the three Eglithmen.
I woent, ad after passing my honour's word to them, uaordig to the custom of landlord, grant a long lease: though in very gentle ad mamnerly terms, and uaed
thcy appeared esy, ad the more a when I canased and desired they would get a scrivener to draw the themhow they could be o cruel, they being harmln,
the tao men that were i irons to be released and ritigs. One of the three, cursing and aging, told inoffensive fellows: that they were putting themsl
forgiven, them they should see they were not m jeat: d going in a waytosuist b their labour, and that it had cot
But this mutinyhad brought us to an anchor for that to a little place at a distae., whre thehoneot men h them a greatdeol ofpains to hebring things to sth per-
night; the wind alo falling calm net moring, we made a fire to dre their ictuals, he takes a firebrand, fiction as they we thea in.
found tht our to men, whohad been laid in irons.ed and ndclae it to the outside of their hut, and set it on One of the Engishmen returned very hbi.ly. What
stolen each of them a muet,od some other eapo fire: indeed, it would have bee all burned do i a had they todo there thatIthey am oa hae without
(whalt powder or shot they hd we aknew not). ad bad few miante if one of the two had not run to the leave; ad that they should not plat or build upon the
taken the ship's pioonnace, which was not yet hauled up, flow, trust him aay, and d td the fre out with his island; it wto none of their ground." 0Why." my
ted t away with her to their companions in retoery ftet, and that not without ome difficulty too, the Spaniard very calmly "Seigoior Talwe., they muot
on shore. As moon a we found this, Iordeed theoog- The fellowwmsi auch arageat the honest man's notstorve." The Etcnghman replied, bke a rough to-
boat on shore with telve men and the mate, and away thruting him away. that he returned upon him, with a pauling, They might starve; they thotld not itt
they went to seek the gces; but they could neither pole he had in his had, and had not the mn avoided nor build in that pice." Bot what mtt they do
find them nor any of the ret, for they all fled into the the blow very nimbly, d run ito the hut, he had then, seigior the md t p rd. Ano rthe of te
wt lswhen theysa the boat om.igonshore. The endedhidaysatonce. Hiscomrede,meegthedang brutes returned, *Do? they should be Ievant, tad
mate wa once relved, in justice to their rogueryto they re bth in, an in after hm, ad mmedately work for them." "But how an y ect that of
have detroyedtheir plant tiono burned all their hou they came both out with their musket, andtheman theme" ays the Spaniard; "they ae ot bought with
hold tuff nd furniture, and left them to shift without that as first struck at with the pole knocked the fellow your money; you have no right to maum them
it; but having no orders, he let it all lone left ery- down that began thtbg e quarrel rith the stock of bis muo- sertat.." The Enuluhtmtoo.Tedvb iolaod w-
thiog he found it, and, bringing the pinnace away, et, and that bef the othe r two could come to help theits; the governor had iea it to them and no nun
came on bard without them. The to me made him; ad the, ing the rest o at th y d yth t mm t they d th to do ere bt teml ad ith
their number five; hut the other three villains were st together, ad presentig the other ends of their that he swore that he would go and bmn a their
much more wicked than they, that after they had beet pees to them, bade them sahed off. ht ; they hou bid neto po their adl "aWhy,
to or three days together, they toned the tao n The others had orarms ith them too; bnt tde at itgtio.' hy.the -Slni rd,0"hcthemealeteem t
comers t of doors to shift for them.elve.. ad would the teo honest me. boldere.th hi. mm oaanod mIod. be ymr o.eotevo td h m tohey w w too."
have nothing to do with them:nor cold they, for a desperate by hi doager, told them, f they offered to anmI you thau. too, before we e dodewi rthyoeu





52 LIFE ANVD ADVENTURES OF ROBI"SON C USOE.


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LIFE AND ADVNTU2IERS OF ROBINSON C OUSOB. 53
they did t keep together, but wom divided ito over, ad they sw uo vnga four several yea of ground from the tree I hadl set u1o down to the
several parties., a were on thore in aeveralpla. of th r0, here landed my d a m
The Spu d wer e in no m0all wonste iato n t th o terthfey were all gooe, tho Spasnlads came out of id1 the ve& y eooa wheo the tide lowed. not ao much
eight and they found tat th fellow went their d advising te field of ttle they tht found flo l ving aplac tu land, or y igo that the had
.t.g.ling oal over the shore, they made no doubt but, about twoand-thirty men ead ono the spo.t;.moo we heen any lndoon t"hreaohutsO-thme stakoa aLo being
first or list, some of them would cho in upon their illd with long w, which were found sticking i of ood y ford togrow, thy took are to have
habitation, o upon some other place wnroo they would their bodi; but moat of them wern killed with gbt themn generally much larger and taller than those whioh
see the token of inhabitants; and they were in great wooden swords sixteen or sventn of which t hey' I ad planted. A tleygrow s pao they plated them
jprplaxity also for fear of their foof e goats, which, found in the field of battle, and a many bows, with o very thick and cio togthr, that h they
it they should be destroyed, would bhav bhn little I gs freat maoy aows. These swords wao strange, 0. heentheor four years grown, them wat no piercing
thau starving them. So the tfit thing they resolved wieldy things, and thy mrst he very strong men that with the eye any onsiderahbloe way into the plantation.
upo0 was to dospatoh three men away hofore it wao uoed thorn ; most of throe tOt w0ero killed wittl thonm A for thalrt pet which I bad planted, the treeo were
lght, two Spaiards and one Englihman. to drive all had their heads smashed to pleoe., aa we may say, or, grown a thick A man's thigh, ad among them they
the goat way to the great valley wher the cave wrnu, as we call it in English, their herains knocked out, d had pled o nany other hbort onos, l thick, that
ani, if need were, to drive them into the very cave several their .snd legs broken; o that it is evident it stoodlioke a paliuolo quarterof amile thick, andit
itselfO. Could they hav seen the savages altogether in they fight with, inexpresibl ge and fury. We found wo next to imposihle to penetnte it, for a little dog
one holy, and at a distance from their canoes, they not one ma that wo not stoe leal for either tlhy uld hardly b get Itween the teee., they stood shclom.
wereesolved, if there hod been a hundred of them, to stay by tleir enumy till theylmve killed him, or they Ilut thiasonotall; for they didtho nmbyalltlho
attack them; ut that could not be done, to they were carry all the wouadedmen that ae not quite doad way ground to the right head and to the left, d round
smie of them two miles off from the other ; and, as it with thou. evoen to the aide of the hill, leaving no way, not a
appeared ofterwards, were of two different nation. This dolioeornce tamed our ill-dispoood Engliuhmeno t0uch s for tlomoelveo, to come 0 1out b,1 tho laddoe
After having motd a great whloo0 theonue they fore goat while; the sight had filled them with loror, plad upto the side of the hill,aud then lifted upand
should take, they eoolved, at oist, while it w00 stil and thoe cosequenuos appeared terrihle to tho lnot placed ga fo tfie Oiht lotae otpi opto the top: uO that
placed again f.om the imrmt stage up to the top: a that
dark, to eond tim old savge, Friday's father, out a o degree, pcislly un su ppoing that ame time er w0len the ladder ws taken down, nothing but what had
spyn to e, if posihlo, something coming othemn,- other they should fallinto t.e llnds of tlIhot catureo wings or witrheh ft to ssot it could come at them.
ao wit they ae for what they intended to do, ad who would not only kill tlmorn as enemies, but for food, This w excellntly well contrived: nor w it los
the like. Tho old man reoaily undertook it; and a wo kill our cattle ad they profel to me that the then what they afterward found occasion for which
stripping himself quite naked, a most of the uvnges thoughts of being eaten up like beef and mutton, served to convie0 me, that as human prudence lha the
were, away lie went. After he had hen gone n hour though it ws supposed it was not to be till they were authority of Providn to justify it, it ha doubtl
or two, lh bring word that he had been among them dend, had something in it M horrible tlat it nauseattl the direction of Povidnc to t it to work; and if we
und1s1overed--that he found they were two prtie, their very stonmchs.made them sickwhen th thought lilteoed rauflly to thu voice of it,lam pern added wo
nnd, of two several nations, who liud wa with on0 of it, and filled their minds with ouch u0u0ual terro, might prevent many of tle disasters which our fives
another, and had a great battle iu their own outry; that they were 0ot themolves for me weeks after are now, by our own negligence, subjethd to.
nd tlat both side having had several prisoners taken This, a I aid, tnaed even the tlreoo English brutes I The lived two ya after this in perfect retirement
in t0e fight, they were, by rmer chaco, landed alln lhavo been speaking of; and for a grnat while after they and had no more visits f Im the svwgo. The d,
the as0mo islad, for the devouring their peisenora and were trc table and went about the common hbusines of indeed, a aulam given them one morning, whi pu
making merry; but their coming so by clrnc to the the whole oiety well enough,-planted,wsood,reapd, them into a great osternation ; for, some of th
same place had spoiled all their mirth,-that they we ad hbega to hb all naturlized to the country. But pairs ein out early one morning on the wt aide,
iun a gntoat rage at ono oher,nd were so ne, that he ome time after this thy fell into liuch aiml mr e or e, of theoland (which ws that ed where I o lneor
believed they would fight gain ar soon a daylight again, as brought them itot a great del o trouble, went, for fear of being disovered), they were ur-
begnn to appear; bt ho did not poercol that they had They had taken three primer, a I observed; and pried with seeing above twenty canos of Indiano just
any noltio of anybd ly being on the island but them- these three being stout young fellow tliey made them min on thore. They made the best of their way
lves. Ho had hardly made au end of telling his servanta, ad taught them to work for them, .ad 0a homo in hrry enough; and givingthe al to their
story, when they uld perceive, by tho uool noise slaves they did well enough; but they did not tke 1 madee, they kept elms all that day ad the n
they made, that tl two little armies were engaged in their measures a I did by my man Friday, vi. to hegln going out only at night to make their ohbervation; but
Sblooly fight Friday's father uoed all the arguments with them upon the prnciple of having saved their they had th good luk to he undiovered, for wheeler
he omuld to persuade our people to lie close, ad not b0 livn, ad then instruct them in the rational principles the savages went, they did not lal .that time on the
sen; he told them their safety consisted i iit, and of life; much leas did tlhey think of teaching them island, but pursued nome other design.
that they had nothing to do but lie still, anl the eligoo, or attempt civilian and reducing thom by And now they had another hboll with the thoe
ihvagoa would kill another to tlhir hanlr, and then kind usage and affectionate argument. As they gve Englishmen ; one of whom, a mat turbulent fellow.
the rat would go away; and it wa o to a tittle. them their foo every day,r o they gave thrnhem their hioginarage at one of the thre cmtie o lasb-
hBut it wa imosiblhe to povail, especially upon th work too, and kept them fully employed in dudgery icuse the fellow had not don something right which
Englishmeno their curiosity was a importnnte, that enough but they failed in this by it. that they onver h bid him do, and seemed a little natoetable in k1
they nut run out and tho battle; however, they ld them to assist them nl fght for them a I had going him drew a hthet 0 of na og-bhlt, whioh
ued m caution too: theB y did not go openly, just by ma Friday, who w0aa a0, to m0 a the very fl, he woh by hi aide, a fell upon the poor svego, not
their owu dwelling, but went farther into tio woodsI upon my boha. toereothimbuttohallhtm. Oneof the Spanalrd*,
anil plaoe themselves to lvontgc, whero they might ut to com to the family part. Biu ll now good who wa by, t being him give the felowh a bh ou oi t
Beur'elys tmitnnagtlcgltnndoluthythy oght, friends-for common dnoger, a I eid above, had with to hatcht, which hmed im t this hard,butte
not bho en by themo but th savaoges did OO them, a10 effcotually reconciled them-they hegn to consider into i shoulder, sn -ttia he thought he had ct th.
we haoll fnd heeofter, their g toeoel circumstances; m d the 0rst thing that poor ematre' u ar, ran to him, a nd, onbeatin g him
The hattlo was very fiere; and. if I miglt believe came under consideration wos whether. seeing the not to murder the poor mao. placd himself between
the Englihmen, don of thorn aid he could perteiv savages particularly haunted that side of t1e ialand.olt m ad the sanve, to prevent othe i eshief. The
tihat ml of t them ere meo of grea t bvhery, of that thoe weo more remote d retired arts of i lw, being wmtgel the moe w at hi, struc at t
ivincihle spirits, and of elet poli-l in golding the rqully adapted to their way of living, ad manifestly Sponird with hi lhtchhet, amd sworo ho would .arte
fight. The hatlne, they sd, he two hours before theft thy to their advantage, they should tot bther moveo thoir hi s itho nded to tlsee the avagegi whice the
weuld gssh n whieh ptyor beten;but the at haitatioa, and onut m saome mnro proper plo fino fpoanloor pereiving avoided the blow, amd with a
perty e neareot our people'as hahbittion begago their safety, and especoly tor tho curity of their hovel which lie had in hi haed 1 they ewee nl
to appe weakest, ond after moo tim e moh oo of i fattl nd wir workiog in the about their orn ld) d
thnem heg to fy; ad thio puour men agi into 1 Upon this, after og debate, i et 0 doonlded that h the down. A got of the Eglh ie f g p
goat consternation, lest w anr 0n of ethom that fed they woldd not move their habitation; obeca tli, at the snome time to help hisomd, ioocked the
should rmn into the greve hatoro their dwelling for 00ome time or other, they tIloght theyrmiglht hear forn Spansiad down; an d then two Sposiooo mo 0r0cm 001n
shelter, oad theoby Inaolantrily discover the plou e i theor oe e oo. o, wmn, o in and i fI shold and ito help thi m, h d third Englihmn f50ll opoa
"dl that, hy cosotlence, the puouerO would also do ay one to ee them. I hould b su to direct them them. They had none of thtem ay 3r80 o0 ny
the like in oeoch of them. Upon th1,., they resolve to that adle, there, if they should find the place de- other weapons bat hatheto nd other tooll, eept th
netthaey would stad oard within te wall,and who- molishod,they would oncde thoe avoger illad s thirl Englishmo;o h aood one of my nut woit.
vr cam ino the gv th ey resolved heto saly' h olly 0 l, aud 0e we gone, aod so our supply would g too with which he mado at the two aot Spatnied, nad
over the wall and. kill them, sotht, if poible, notoa ut, a to their onnd cattle, they agreed to remo r wouadd them both. This fray t the whole family
should return to dve aner aont of it; they oee o them into the valley where my av wdas, whed the in a po,ad moe help oming in, t took t
lo that it should be done with their swords, or lad wa a pper for both, m where. indeel, three there Eoglitmen prones. The nt qa n w,
by hnoe ing them down with teo otorks of their won lnd eoug. How on ec t, po eod hghto, atshoeldbe done with them? Tieyote ee o
muskets, hut not h shooting them, for fear of raiing theyatered ono pt of their resolution too, .nd reo often mutinoos, and weor aoeetyfooiooo, -i.dO
ar alaem by tl, eoise. ol y to remove partt ofthei attlo thither, nd a oIdleithal, theyknw not what
As they eOp"eted it fell o0t; three of the ooted plant ptat oftir o there; a that if on part was with them.for they were miahievoo to the highot
rmoy ted for life, nd ooMng the creek, on directly deasoye, the o their tmhe right be saved. ind one art of degos, a lndoedt hat hort they did to r amy nnt
into the ptor a ot i the least knowing whither they peodene there lo-kily ned they never toruted th e aothatin ahr, it ws not safoto lie with them
went, bt nninguinto atli e woaodfor shelter. Th al threo avagoe whie they had thken prisoners with the The Spoiadl who wa goem told them,m a
out they ept to loo bhemd e notice of thi with nowinnything of theplantation thy hai madoe in ay words, that if they had ben of heis own ooantty.
in, with this comforting addition, that the conquerors that valley. or of a0y cttle thny hod thee,. much leos ho would have honged them; for all Lw. .0d 01o
hod 00t pursed them.or o eem which way they worn of thoe ave at that plaeo, which they kept, in ose of orooeors winer to pesnervsoedcity, oa Ohs.. who woo
oe;upon thi te wSpon at gover, e, an ,o nece sity., wa e afo rtret; aod thihe they carried dangeoo to theofityohto o. plledotoftl
mnitywld not surfer them to killth the t so to h thwo barrels of powder, i I ast them but a thy t wre angllhmen, and thot It W to dthe
fugitives, but Mnding the,. men out by the top of the ot my coming oway. They reaolved, however. sot to goneroos linaneo of 00Engliohmra that they all owed
hill, ordeethenh to go mnd, come hid the ehango the habitation; yet a I hod amfolly scored their preselataon a nd deliveron, ho would m themb
nod surprisnahd take them prlonoe ; which aa o done. it Lost with a wall o fottittioo, and thn ith a with awhllpossible len ty, nd wodd lsave them o the
Tho r1itluo of the oonqoerd people fled to their prove of 0eeau, nd a they wor now flly oninced jodoment of the other two Englihmen. who rwe
anvea and got off to h ; the victors ri ro made not their dIety otnsirted entirely in their hog ooneled, the ir otoohmeyn. Ose of thehwo hoteotEgirm
psuit, 00 tery little, but drawing temo ele into a1 they-et to to cover d conal the ple ye t t ood t p. n slid thay deed it h t n ot t to
odytogethoer, gv two gt eoaming sho,,t, most more eneotohally than befoe. Fo this popoe. a I the in,-"For, ays he ,"Iamiweongo t toatn
lihl~yhywayoftot p t tad-uothfighthedol; the s plaotedtr, o aeethother osttao h twhioh in het theogllowo;"n ndwiththe tbsa. bnrnaote t
moe daty. about nthem oylo noth them f ooo, 1e y os alsil geyw pto o to s, fo ome good dltnce tfri ro hw Will Atktmo.one of the thorn, had pooswd to
marthe lto the irm cnoA d thou the ar the pro pnti h p nt otpaeso t heethe O woot ont the he ll theo fio tgey inhmam ico teoethe, s iod hs.ol
ine toad ogot 5e to the ms o 1 i ,nt the ht rowi eight h e anmnce to, eild op ed the ert tt h p o thniunea whe thew y wote oin he w sleo.
eo e;upo n hs to the thope ca m goenr, It, of d t, h n





54 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF BOBINSON CRUSOE.

When the Spanish overor heard thi, he calls to but little. Indeed, having all their plantation to form, twenty days' absence, one of the Englishmen, being
Wilt Atina, wHow, Seignior Atkhs, would you murder they had a great deal of wo upon the had; ad on hs planting-work, m three stage men
allt? What hae to sato o that?" The hardened when they came oto make boards and pots, and such coming towards him at a ditane, with buma upon their
villin was a f from denying it, that he said it wan things, they were quite out of their element, and would holders.
tre, and awoe they would do it till before they had make nothing -of i; therefore, hen the eniny sson Aay rus the Englishman, frightened and amsl,
done with them. "Well, but Seignior Atkins," ays ame on, for want of a cave i the earth they would not a if he wa bewitched, to the governor Spaniard, and
the Spaniard 'what ve wo done eto htyoutt you ke their gain dry, and it was in gat danger o tells him they wr a undone, fr there wre stangrs
it -. C.t ; -t t I,- -- --T- T-it- tit : ;BO they ame and pon the island, but he cold not tell who they wre.
i ,- --, ii, ; i ... :,.i.- 1 which they've TheSpniard paungawhe to him, "Howdo
S11, r i. .. '; 'edagreat hole iun yu ame-yoou anot tell who? Teyaetheavnges,
S .- gh to secure their to be sre.-" o, o." sys the Englihman; "they


weapon n r him, it was tho' I i I -. ,, -. .. '' -.i .
tem teedto kill the Slpniard i* -- ; 'i -I .i 'La '
consider serio bly riat was '
Englishmen, and the Spauori' .' -... -..


to h'lr-o"~it Ilii lort-itt a r i
rnvage tra in n'hi a mijerabl condition -o I I ., ; .
o i rtr', "iti.ltio ir'," ,, ,'o,, tt i i .- 'i i' ,', :at '',. .' i '_ .'-
wnd hehedr.ived, that it 1h as thgh .. .
not live. Bt the gotirnor Spaniord ,ti11sai.t .. ''''..' .





Thire a so itirvehl initei d on hy the
Spaniarnl, that there wa ii 'inrvrite it: '-. *.i,'
me'riful ,iunsels ar' t mot i i .....
therua it e to be y ee l,, .. ..' J',' '.. ..' .. .

SI h
.. .. .. ",, ,, '


.'' .























o- them fill
"'" .," a" '.,'.',






i. i' ,i ," , i" .....i.. .





have nlle o' th' ti'1a or provi'ion'L alni' h sit he n t .. to tans




LIFE AND ADV'BNTUES OF ROBIN$ON--CRTrSOX :56
thing; th then concluded it wa for far they should of the colony. t]plied. all the ret with food, and corn, and a ude felooe: bht Soloemto' wdweo ever
sink i flesh, ad o not enough to kill. If they adsttd them in anything aa they could, or they better verified than in tl I went by the vinyrd
looked at one of the mo e prtiolaroy, the pety found neeeity required. of ote st lait d waI oversrowewiththoteee:'
presently coendudd it w.a to ee wtherth he or she But the wonder ofhe e story was, how five -ah for whe the Spniarde came to view their Mop thke
wa faittet, and fittest to kill fret; nay, after they had refeatory, illmatehed fellows should ree about thee would not see it ome pla for wed, the hedge
broughtthem quite ov, and began to use them kindly, women, and that some two of them should not chooa had overall geo B itowherethewildgoatahadgtiusand
nd teeat them well, tillthey expeted every day to the me woma, eapedallyseeingetwo e hreof them ten np the rn; peohap h and the adeadm bb
mn e at dinner or supperfor their newon mate, were, without ompriuon, moe agreeable than the waa crammed in, to stop them otl for the present, but
Wheo the three wanderers had given this -aoeeont- others; but they took a good way enough to prevent it was only shutting the table door after the steed wt
able history or journal of their voyage, the Spaniard quarelliog amoeg themselves for they act the five stolen. Where, when they okeod on tim mlony of
sked them whem their new family wa ; andbeingtold women by themoves ino one of their hute, ted they the other two, there was fo very fa of industry and
thattheyhedmbroughtthem on bore,d put them into went all into the other hut, and drew lot. among msnre. mupon all they did; thee wa not a weedto be
one of their huts,ad wree mme up tobegsomeevietuals them who should choose first.ee i a their or a gap i any of their hedges;
for them, they (the' Spanipds) ad the other two Him that drew to cehooe Sdt went away hy himself and they, on the othte hand, ve:rifi tolomon' words
Euglishmen, that is to my, the whole colony, resolved to the hut where the poor naked crtatunes wree., ad in another plhac, "that the diligent haid maketh rich"
to go all down to th plec and e them; and did mo, fetched out her he chose; and it wa worth obering, for everything grew and tied, and they lad plenty
nnd Frida's father with them. When they came into that ho that clto first took her that waeeokouned the twilidn and without; they had mere tame cattle tli
tbe hut, there they t, all bound; for when they had hobemaliest and ldest of the five which mde mirth the other, mor utensils and nessaries within door,
bhoughtthemonshore,they bo nd tlheirhada, thatthe enoughmongt est;deventhepnids laughed andyet mo pleasure V d diverdon too.
might ot tketheboat d maketheir pe ;there, I at it; but tihe fellow considered better than any of It is true, -. f i r. i
:iy, they t, allof them tarknaked. First, there we them, that it wao appli.ation and bsinces they wer to and clealy .u.. I i tI o I -.
three comely fellow, well shaped, with straight limbs, expect aistant in, e, much as in anything ele ; nid Eglh ways of dressing and cooling from one of the
boct thirtto thirt-ive ye of age ; and fivewomen, she roed te best wife of all tie parcel, other Englishm who, us I id, was a oo's mte oou
whereof two might be from thirty to forty, two moe WheV the poor women e w themselves tst in a ,w board the ship, they deed tleir t Ii hands' victual
about fou or five-.al-twcnty; aud the fifth, a tall, tt aud feteied out one by one, the ,- i r ,
cmely maiden. bout tvcnteen. The women wewell- nition urnd upo tem again, a_ i r eo Ier .h e ... I e 111e .I i ,.t ir e u i It i .l ..
favouo dnr e abd, peh n s, hothinhapeod features, t .xlievedthey werenowgoingtobe de i .... I.II. 1.. I ..
otly tawny; and two of them, hadthey been perft ingly, when tlo Euglitsh oilor came n a I .
white, would haee paued forvery handsome women, o ofthem, the retet t p atmot lame talee cry, .I I '- i i i.-1 .. .. i i. *, i
even in Ltodo, having pleasant co ntenanes, t md of a amng about ,er,nd t theirleave of hier wit. .' .' u '...
lery modest behaviour; epeeially when they c me m gonies andaffetiond a woeld have grlcvledthelearc I i .I [I It 0 I I I.i'. LI
ofterwardsto beclothedanl dresedtbough thot dress heartin thwold; nor wsit possible for tlr dI ,1 it t .--. "... j ft It
s very indifferent, it mnstbe mnfessed, mento matisfytem tl they wee not to i I re, r i .T t1 l
The eight, you may be sure, wa something nnmuth ately murdered. till they fethedl the olm '. ... .. -. iI.
to our Spaniadl, who weer, to give them a just father, who immedatel let them know i t.,- I'. ,
charter, men of tle most lm. sedata tcmpere and men, who were to fteh tcem out one -, -- t. -... L.

l I ll t t ,c t i ,', =



The t thing they did was to ase thold Indian, nearer, ut th on the north hore ththg th did to t old th o th h of t ld, any of the ges, they would go o again quietly.
Friday's father, to go i, and ce first if e knew y that they uotinued seprated a before; and tlnt my wlien their buine wa done, ltin g. B yet, not tli
of them, and then if he understood ay of their island wa peopled in three plaesay,nd a. I might cy, lbat notion of their beiug any inhabitnts in the island;
speech. As soon as the old man came in, he looked three towns wee bgn to be built. I say, having been made sensible of this, the ltul no-
seriotly at them, but knew nonte of them; neither And here it is very well worth observing that as it thing todo but to givenotiee toll thetleeplontatiomu
oul uyy ofthem Inderatand a word he said, oraesign often happens in the world (what the wl"s cuda of to khp within doom, and not ehow tlhmeslvec, only
he mcul make, except one of the women. However, Gaod's providene ae, in such a disposition i t .. t to give oti. wen
this was enougtoanswer the end, whih was to tify oennot ay). the twohonest fllowshadtho I- '-.u .
them that thmn to whose th e y were fallen wives; and the three, reobates, that weresc. ..-, ,. e -/ igt; but a disaster
were Christians; that they abhorred eating men or bangiug, that were fit or nothing, and neither seemoted spoiled all th es measures, mcI d in.dt it known amoea
women : and tl they might be sure theywoeld not brn to do themslves good,or one else, hd three te s s Ut there were iulalitants there; which
be killed. As soon a tley were ored of this, they clever,diligentreful,andigiouswie ottlatthe wa in the end, the desoltion of atmo tle whole
dieovered sucl a joy, and by such awkward gesture, first two wee badwive,a to their temper or hmour colony. After tho cans with the savages were gone
vemrl ways, is hard to describe; for it srems they for all the five were mot willing quit, passive, anf, e o te Snirds peeped abroad again; md anom of
were of sveral nations. The woman who wea their objected creatures, heer like slave, than wives; but them had the nriosity to go t t the plo where they
interpreter, was bid, in the next place, to k them if my meaning is, they were not alike, h pable, ingenioce, hld bhee, to ee what they had een doing. HIe. to
tlcey were willing to be rv t, andl to work for the or industrious. or alie cleanly and neat. Another their greatIrprife.theyfoundthreovagesleftbehind,
men who had brought tlcm away, to ove their lives observation I must mke, to the honour of a diligent and lying fast lp upon the ground. It as .supod
at wiich they all fell a dI cing; and presently one fell applihtion on one hand, and to the disgrace of n sloth- they had either been gorged with theLr inmman
to taking up this, and another that, anything that lay ful, negligent, idle temper on the othle, that when I fet, that, like beast, they were fallen aleep, and
net,to carry on their boulders, to intimate they e cam to the place, and iewed the veral improve would not stir whee the other wcet, or they ahd.
willingto work. meatt, plantings, d management of the sevrallittle wandered into the woods,and did not come bheItime
The governor, who found that the having women molonies, the to mhe three, tob taken im
among them would presntly be attended with tome that there wa no oneriaon. They had, indeed, both The Spaniards were gently surprised at thi aight,
inconvenience, and might occasion 2me strife, ad ofthem s m h ground laid out for er as they nd pertetly at a lt what to do. The Spanidd
perhaps blood, asked the three men what they intended wanted, and the reason was, because, aeording to my governor, a it happened, was with them, and his
todo with thee women, and how they intended to us rule, nature dictated that it was to no purpose to mw ad dim a asked, but he profesaed he knew not what to
them, whether s aerants or a wives? One of the more corn thanthey wanted; but the differee of the do. A for slaves, they had enough already; and to
onlismecn enacered,very boldly and readiy, that they cultivation, of the planting, of the fences, and, indeed, killing them, there were none of them declined to do
would ue them a both; to which the govemor id: of everything else waseasyto be en at first view. that: the Spaniard governor told me, they mold ot
"I am not going to restrain you from it-you ae yo- The two men had inumerable young tees panted think of shedding innoent blood; for to them, the
own mastereas to that ; but this I think is but just, for aboet their hut, an that, wteen you came to the pla, poor create had done them no wrong, ivaded omne
avoidiogdiodioersladquerr.elamongyou,ndldesiret nothingwa to seenut a wood: and though they of their popty, ad they thought they had no nd
ofyoufor that reon oly, vi that yo will lngoge, hadtwcehadtheirph tidemolihed, one by their quarrel against them, to take away their live
tht if anyofyoutekeatyofthsewomenosawife, he own ountrymen, and onca by the enemy, t shall e h reImust, injtstit e tthem paotnards, ohbemvethatt
shall take but one; and that, having taken one, noue shown in its plae, yet they had restored all again, and let the aecontsof Sponish cruelty in Hexico and Peu
else shall touch her: for though we cannot marry any everything was thrivng cnd flourishing about them; be what they wi, I never met with seventeen mml of
one ofyou. yet it is. bt reasonable, that while you sty they had grapes plate in order, and managed like a amy nation whatever, I 1 coy foeig monItey, wh
Iher. tio woman mny of you take shall be maintained vineyard, though they had themselves never so any- were to uiverally moeat, temperate, virtuot o ve
cy tlha t nn tliat ta lier, anclshould he his wife- tiling of that iind; and, b their good ordering thet godl-lhmoued, acd so murteou thee Iir d
none else shall live anything to do with her." All this othee. They hd alsom fond thetlvea out a retreat nature: no inhumanity, no barbarity, no outrageous
appeared to just, that every one agreed to it without tin the thice t part of the woods, where, though theme pioasin ; cd yet oll of them men ofreat courage e tand
tny dittcnity. was n0t a natural moa I had found, yet they made spirit Theirttemperadoaltnb meu hod tppeaeedhtheie
The the Begiehmen asld the pnipat if they one with ineakant labo r of their hand., and where, ig the insfemble oage of thethreef ggli-meen;
designed to take oany of them But every one of them I when the mischief which followed happened, they and their justice and humanity appeared now in the
answered No." Some of them miid they had wives in secured their wives and children soa they muld never caem of the anvagea a above. Afte aome cmeultettio -
Sain, and the oLthers did not lk women that were not m be found: they havingby sticing innumbl teahlakee they resolved upon this; that they would lie atitla
Chritius; taod altogether declared they would not andpole of the ot which, a a id, gre O reily, whilelonger, til, if pole, them three men might be
toch one of themewhich was c itante of uchvirtue made the gro impaesa ,eexetept iu sme ptes wheun gone But th thehe gove rnmorre mollested tht the tro
as I have not met with in all mtravelI. OB the theyelimbeduptogetover tleouitlde part,and then swshadunooaet;ndiftheywerelefttomr veaout
otheer hand, the five Eglshmen took them every one a went on by ways of their own leaving. the island, they would ertlinly disovr thet
wife-thatisto ay,a temporary wife; and they et As to the three reprobatet, a I justly call them, wee inlbhitanto i it; and o they should boue done
u new form of living; for the Spaoniar ano d Friday's though they wtre much divlised by their settlement that way. Upon thhhey wemt back again, ad ethte.
father lived in my old habitatin, whih they htd compared to what they weo before, nd were not lay the fallow fat aleetp till~ndothd e removed to-
which were taken in the lst battle of the mvagee of the eertainompanions of profigatemindn ver eft The poor felloC were stMragely feghtteaet wthe they
lived with them; and the carried on the main part them andthat wastbei r idl Ittrue.ter.phatetd wereedponandbound;cndafdl iteOe,




36 LIFE AND ADVFEUTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.

fo. 'AL Ci, ... .. .... of th, ,lh c way
Sthey d", in L .. the Whi, and

I I II I ih.IIal e "
.. ,, . I i rd to
ed by;




Satc I I ight oh t o I nu













tm fI. an I an W .I o an "1"." th',
M. c' th, a "'' ,'

.....for nt -. .. h.".








"'to h,. r ,, .' ,
,t ..,ly o ,i c.i '' 0 .' l. ,I .. it








t ii t tiec c... h.i d th .' ii i ','. ,c'' '














ii .. I Il I i' iI I i cI hc 1 l 1n it wi l;;
d 'li be .Ii In I ra I i tI a




- l of '' w inlyhp r h apii l l i I i ii i i' i-I i n' noti te mtte ii i l
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were hey ahel c n M -o t he thictghro i e nle f the the l i e icie lile ic and h a i ii t ci hiti an mai h s aII s t ic them.. A


mccgr a alchecced t cciucg directly thct cay, ad they h cb.. ged them In fell c. t theci ,ich the toch1 c. them chca inn hide time they we.i sat ,pon thie. legs again.
. . ... tl; .~~ ,ll~ ,~ ~ ~ ,~1 ,, ., . ,
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LIPE AND ADVENTURES OP ROBINSON RUSOE.


Aboat two days after this they bad the father ati.
faction of seeing three of the sauge, mce come
driving a shore, ad, at some distance from them, two
drowned me, by which they had reson to believe that
they had met with a storm at sea, whih had overset
some of them; for it had blo very bud the night
after they went off. However, u some might miscarry,
O, on the other hand, ough of them esupede to inrm
the rest s welot of what they had done I of what had
happened to them; and to whet them on to sothe
enterprise of the same nature, which they, it smm,
resolved to attempt, with asuffldeint force to carry all
before them; for except what the first ma ha told
them of inhabitants, they could say little of it of their
oa knowledge, for they ver mw one man; d the
fellow being killed that had affirmed it, they had no
there whites to confirm it to them.
It w five or six months after this before they heard
may moea of the ravages, in which time our men were
in hopes theyhad either forgot their form bad lck,
or given oer hopes of better; when, oa a sdden,
they wee invaded with a most formidable feet of no
less than eght-sd-twety canoes, full of saves,
armed with boes ad arows, great cluba woode
swords, and oh like enginesof w ;ar d theyheught
such numbers ith them, that, in short, it put all or
people into the utmost consternation.
As they ame on shore in the evening, and at the
easternmost side of the island, our men had that night
to onsult and oe ider what to do. Inthe firat place,
knowing that their being entirely concealed wee their
only safety before, and would be much more so now,
while the number of their enemies would he so great,
they resahed, irst of all, to take dowa the hats which
were built for th ttwo Englishmen, and drive away their
goats to the old ave; because they supposedthe svuges
would go directly thither, a oon a it as day, to pty,
the old game over again, though they did not now lnd
within two leagues of it. nlathe next place they drove
away ail the flocs of goats they had at the old bower,
: Illed it, which belonged to the Spanirds; end, in
laort, left as little appearance of inhabitants anywhere
;weeas poible; sd the next morenig erlythey pasted
themreles, with all their force, at the plantation of
the two mn, to waitfor their coming. As they guessed,
.. it happened: tese new invaders, lfing their caos
.:t the east end of the islad, came rangingalong the
.hore, directly towards the place to the number of two
hundred and fifty, a near as our men uld judge.
Our army wa but small indeed; but, that which ws
worse, they had not arms for all their number. The
whole a-eot, it seem, sted thus: first, as to men,
stventeen Spaniard, five Englishmen, old Friday, the
lhree slaves taken with the women, who proved very
f.ithfol, and three other aleve, who lieed with the
Spaniards. To arm these, they had eleven mukets, five
istels, three fowling-piece, five muskets, or fowling-
pi.re, which were taken byme from the mutinous sea-
men whom I reduced,two swords, and three old halberds.
To their slave they did not gie either musket or
fusee; but th had each a halbed, or a long staff, like
a quater-stafft with a great pike of iron, fastened into
,arh end of it, and by his ide a hatchet; also every one
uf our men had a hatchet. Two of the women would
hot be prevailed upon but they would come into the
fight, and theyhad bows and arrows, which the Spaniards
had taken from the savages when the first action hap-
pened, which Ihave spoken of, where the Indians fought
with one another; and the women had hatchets too.
Tie chief Spanmard, whom I described so often, aom-
mended the whole; and Will Athine, who, though a
dreadful fellow for wicedss, w a most daring, held
fellow, cmma.ded under him. The saeges came
forward lie lions; and ear me, which wa the orst
of their fate, had no advantage in their situation ; only
that Will Atkins, who nowproved a most useful fellow,
with six men, was planted just behind a mall thicket
of hushes, as an advanced guard, with orders to let the
firt of them peas by, nd then fire into the middle of
them, d as soon a he had fired, to make his erteat
snimbly rashe oldronnd a prtf the wood,and so
come in behind the Spaninrd, where they stood, having
athieht of trees before thm.
Wheu the mvagre me on, they ran struggling about
ery y in heaped, out of all manner of oder,nd
Will Atin let about fifty of them pass y him; then
seeing the astcome in a Wvee thick throng, he orders
three of his men to fire, having laded their msskets
with six or seven bullets apisee, about as big a large
istel bullets. How many they killed or woauded they
okew not, but the onsternton and sm prise in-
expreible ong the avges; they were frightened t
the last degree to hr h a dreadful oin, and e
their men killed, and others hurt, hut ee nobody that
did it; when, in the middle of their fright, Will
Atkins and his there three let fly agdn mona the
thike.st of them ;and in le then a minute, the fle
three being loadedagain, gave them a third volley.
Had Wilt Atins amd his me. eied hmedistefy,
oo they had fired, as they were ordered to do, m
had the ret of the body heea at hand, to have pored
in their shot contiumely,theo agea hae eefeta


routed; for the trmv that wa among them came
prinp~mtly ito thl t they wes killed by the gods
with thunder and l ing and d se nobody that
hurt them. Bet i ti staying to load agais,
discovemred the heat: some of the snoge who were at
a distance pying them, eame upon them behind; and
though Atns end his maen red at them alo, two or
three times, and killed a e twenty, retiring as fast as
they muld, yet they wooded Atkis himself, ad killed
one of his fellow ng man with their arws as they
did afterwards one Spniard, and one of the lndian
slave who same with the women. This lae was a
moet gallant fellow, and fought most desperately,
killing five of them with his own hand, having no
weapon but one of the armed staves anda hatchet.
Our men being ths had laid at, things wod ded, and
two other men killed, retreated to a rising ground in the
wood; and the paniards, after fing thr eevolleys upon
them, retreated also; for their number was so great
and they wre so desperate, that though abore fifty of
them were killed, and more than as m y wounded, yet
they he in teeth of our men, fearles of
danger, ead shot their arw like cloud ; and it was
observed that their wounded men, who we not quito
disabled, were made outrageous by their wounds, and
fought like madmen.
When our men repeated, the1 left the Spaniard and
the Englishman that were killed behind them: and the
images when they came up to them, killed them over
again a watched manner, breaking their ams, legs,
ad heads, with their clubs and wooden swords, hie
trae savages; but finding our mn were gone, they did
not seem inclined to pursue them, but drew themselves
p in a ring which is, it seems, their custom, and
shouted twice, in token of their victory; after which,
they hadthe mortifltion to e several of their wounded
men fall, dying with the more loss of bloed.
The Spaniard geormer having drawn hise little body
up together upon a rising ground, Atkins, though le,
was wounded, would have had them march nd charge
again altogether at one: but the Spaniard replid-
"Seigunio Atious, you m how their wounded men
eight let them alone till morning; all the wonded
meoon will be stiff and soe with their wounds, and faint
with the lao of blood; and so we shall have the fewer
to encage." This advice was good: but Will Atkins
replied merrily,"That is true, ignior, and so shall I
too; and that io the reason I would go on while I am
warm."-" Well, Seignior Atkhi," says the Spaniard,
Syou have behaved gallantly, and done your part; w
wdil fght for ou if yo nnot come on; but I thin it
best to stay till morning:" sothey waited.
But it was a clear m ight ght ht, d they fon
the srages in great disorder about their dead and
wounded men, and a great noise and hurry among them
where they lay, they afterwards reeled to fall upon
them in the night; especially if they could come to give
them but one volley hafor they were discovered, which
they had a fair opportunity to do; for one of the
Eagishmen in whae quarter it wa where the fight
began, led them round between the woods and the sea
side westward, and then tuaning short mouth, they came
so near where the thickest of them lay, that, before
they were an or heard, eight of them fired in am g
them, and did dreadful execution upon them; in half a
minute more, eight othem fired after them, perng i
their small shot in asuch a qantit, that abhdaea
were killed and wounded; and all this while they were
not able to see who hurt them, or which way to fly.
The Spaniards charged again with the utmost ex-
pedition, and then divided themselves into three bodies,
ad resolvedto fall in among them all together. They
had in each body eight perseaons, that is to sy, twety-
twa.,adt trom e men, who, by the ay, fought
desperately. They divided the remrms equally in h
arty, as well as the halberda and staves,. They would
harve had the women kept bech, but they said they were
resolved to die with their husbeand. Having thus
formed their little army, they marched out from among
the trees, and me up to the teeth of the enemy,
shoutig ad hallooin g lou they could; the svage
stood altogether, but were in the tmot
hearing the noise of our men from three s
together. They would have fought if they had seen use
for as Bsoa as we eama near enough to be seen, some
arows were shot, ad poor old Friday was woled,
though not dangeroly. Bat our me gave them n
time but running p to them, ed among them three
ways, nd then fel in with the bntt-enda of their
muscets, their swords, armed braves, and hatchets, and
lid about them so well, that, in a word, they set up a
dismal sreming and howling, flying to sae their lvem
which way oever they Id.
Or men were dered with the exetieon, sd killed or
mortlly wundod in the two fghs about one hundred
sad eighty of them the est, eg fgted t of
thort wtis, moered threegh the woadoer thehtls,
with all the speed that fie and nimbl foet could help
them to a and e did ot tohle oursevs much to
pasues teoth get oll together to eth eC sdw
Ithynd, d wh their coe. a. Bt their
disuter notat an end yet; tfor it blew a terle


term of wind that heatla from the 4, so that it iwa
imposmtble for them to go off; my, the storm ooattio i
il night, w the tlide came up thor mano were mo t
of them driven by the geothe e ea m high upon th
ihore that it srequld infinite toil to get them off; and
some of them wm even dhed to piees u gains the
beach. Or men, though glad of their vitory, yet got
little rest that night but having refreshd themselves
as well as they ould they resolved to march to that
part of the isand where the av where we fled, eand e
what posture they were in. This nemearily led them
overthe pla where the fight had been, and where they
found several of the poor ceatore not quite dead, ad
yet pe.t reverng life; a sight disgreeble enough to
generous minds, for a truly great man, though obliged
bythe law of battle to destroy his enemy, thkes no
delight inhis miery. Howev, there wa no need to
give any orders in this ase; for their own avages, who
were their srant, s thd the poor creatures
with their hatchets.
At length they came in view of the place wha the
more miserable remains of the sage' army lay, where
th y appeared about a hundred still ; their patre was
generally sitting upon the ground, with their ,ne up
towards their mouth,nd the head put between the two
hands, leaning don upon the knee When our men
ame within two musket-shot. of them, the Spniard
governor ordered two muskete to be fired, without ball,
to alarm them; this he did, that by their eountenan
he might hmow what to expect, whether they wre still
in heart to fight, or were so heartily beaten a to he
discouraged, and so he might manage acoedingty. This
stratagem took: for as sn a the avges heard the
first gun, and the flash of the second they started
up upon their feet in the gretest condemnation imgin-
ble; and as our men advanced swiftly towads them,
they all ran Meoaming and yelling away, with a ind of
howling noise, which our men did not undetuand, snd
helad never heard before; and thus they ran up the hills
into the country .
At first or me had much rather the weather had
been calm, and they had all gone away to ea; but they
did not then nsider that this might pmohbly have
been the occasion of their coming again suorh multi-
tudai s not to be resisted, or, at least, to come so may
and so oen, a would quite desolate the islead, sd
starve them. Wtll Atklns, therefeoe, wIo, notwith-
standing his wound, ept always with them, proved the
bet eousellor in this a: his adicas to tae the
advantage that offered, and step in between themand
their bats, and so deprive them of the mepoeity of
ver rretming any more to plague th island. They
conslted long about this; and some ware again it tfor
fear of making the retchs fly to the woods ad live
there desperate, ad so they should have them to hunt
like wild beasts, be afraid to stir out abot their buine.s
and have their plantations ontinally rifled, all their
tame goats destroyed, ad, in sh r, he reduced to a life
of ontinl distress.
WiU Athins told them that they hd better hve to do
with a hundred men than with a hundred nations; that
as they must destroy their boat, so they must destroy
the me,or be all of them destroyed themselves. In
a word, he showed them the necessity of it so plainly,
that they all came into it; so they went to work im-
mediately with the boats, ad getting some dy ood
together from a dead m ree, they tried to st some of
them on fe, but they w sowetthat they would not
burn; however, the fire so burned the upper part, that
it oo made them unfit for use at ea.
When the Indias sw what they were about, some of
theme woods, and naming o
near as they they euuld to our men, neeled down and
cried," Oa, O Waamokoa," sod some other words of
their lang tge, which none of the others undntnd
anything of; bat as they made pitiful gestures ad
strange noises, it was ay to understand they begged
to have their boats spared, and that tley would be egee,
sad never come there again. But oeu mm ere no
atfied that they had no way to prese themselves,
ort save their lony, but eeotually toprevnta of
those people from ever going home agea dpei
p thitht even if so much one of them got
into their coumtry to tell the story, the eoloer was
ndane; so that, letting them know that they should
t have oy mercy, they fell towork with their cneis,

hefr; at the sight bf which, the ge ae d a
hid s cry io the woods, which our people heard plain
eough, after which they em about the island lie
distetd men, s that, m a od, our men did not
ely know what at firt to do with them. Nordid the
S iards wth all their predeoe.monidr that whil
tey made tho peopth depeto, they ought to
hve hepta d at th ne tme utt their pl
tatos; foe it is tasm.theo had doieeaway theie
mattfeandth didnotfin ottheirQmainetbet,
I men my old atle at the ill, ar the mave in the
waly, yet they found ot myplantaion at the how,
ad plleditain to pea, and all the ia ad
p hean t it; trod all th emsc uude faoot, tam p
te vine. and a'pe hei g jest th almost rips, a





58 LIFE AND .4DV.ENTURES OP BOBINSON CRUSOP.'
did our men an inetimoable damage, though to them- toars ea the e tem, n the south-ast come at through the apartments of the ine et, and
seles not one farthing'-worth of service. of the island. They had land enough, and it was very seeed aa eltets or retiug-roemas to the respective
Though our men wee able to fight them upon all good and fruitful; about a mile and a half broad, and chambers of the inner circe; and fo large warehouses,
occaaiuon.yet they were inno condition to pure them, three or four miles in length. Our men taught them or bans, or what you please to call them, which wen$
or ht tem up and down for they re too nimble to make wden spade uch a made for myself, and through one aothe two either hand ofthe passage
.. i. i i -. i 1 roughth outer o to the iertept.fuch
...... ... ... ..... I .. .j .. j -i .. ... t of baket-wor k, I believe wan never seen in the
.~- .-1 -. u !, i- -. r 1 i ', .orahoue orteantBneatlycontrived,muh less
I .. .. i i i- In thi great be-hive lived the three families,
S1 ,., 1 ,, .. i I i,. ,i to anr, Will Atkins and his comparison; the
S .. .. .. ., ._ ,as ild, but lis wife remained with three
di trea tywre rd t o was great, and indeed and then, ome 7 noe of sevages sme on shore for children, nd the other two we not at ahI bacwad to
ideploable; ut,t i naturall fteate; but as they were of give the widow her full share of everything, I mean as
lirouglit to vrry Ird 1 i i perhaps had never heard of those to their corn, milk, grapes, &e. and when they killed a
thir ritteri e n 1 or the reason of it, they did not d, or found turtle on the shreso that they aH
diostroyed, and iI j i ii i :h or iquiry after their contrymen; lived well enough though, it s true, they were ot
or il i h, it would have been ery to have indutrious as th other two, as hbeenobsered
siI'ndyt




















S I,' i ", i i i: i. i ,-i i enoit.etoeM.h1e0


















S '' '-'' 1 I i '" bltd

S i 1 Ii feet dim- He then an on in rem ks non all the little impro -
S.. the ment I had oe in my it my nweed pp-
..1 I .i i. i i .twenty catin, s he ealld iit; d how I hdme l nittn,
,,1ii i ,i i .. ,' whi n i it. ircmst s ,was at first m uh wore. than
th a: :i -; I- w























1-- i i 11 .. ,ii~i i -iii11ii lie some theia,:athoewusd ti"me more happy than them wes,
11 i, ,' i.'. 1 .. 'ii.her. wh, tbut reh fer, and diided into six eena nw he they were all 'oge.hm, ."told mei
1 1 .1 ,., i ..i. .,iatmnt, ,o thut he had six rnons one, sod out .was 'rehar that Englishman had a greater pre sen,
*i ii '..'1 .;ieee. yeveryoeeof them them wos door: first into the of -iniintthedistcesathan Iay pencle that everho
11,' -".,' ." ".., "" "" u'ry, coming ,to the me ret, other door into ret with ; that theirinhppyntin anthe 'ortuge
"-" t %. ..i.iees. h-d ei .. .int the peora erethe wtmeinthe worlt struggle with mi-
~::, sue d.e i .
















', ', i .. i .i at -round it; s that wilkh l dir ledd nto fot- es-l fo thattheir deaf step an danger t 't the
'- tog equal p r t ly re t, t mon effrt we er, was t despair, e down
'' ",,'. their to'tm',up"yne ese,, iesw_ ihthe family h rod casiena nde it, and die. without rousing their thought up to
oion very thenrkfully, were the most faithful for. Th-ese a.es not taking up the whole eircnm- per remdi for eope
flns to their weds thot meld o thought a; fer, eree what othe partmto the outer irle hd tod imtheicae and ine differed fcIigy
t wer.sI hdwhae my" r m wtaie p pe-










ecept whe thymeto egitalsnd diretins, wr th oderd A.ssn you wer inatthe door thatthywereastonheshorawitht eani,
they neer anme out of their ond and the they of the oute circle, yuh fa ahrt paaiie straight without supply of fd, or p set sustennoe til 'they
livd when I oame to the iWeed, asd I west to isee foreyetothedorothemnheoum;toeithe ldprnoiileoit; hetitwaa toe, ad I ferte
them. They had taught them hoth to plant mn mahe side waaa wces partidn, and a den in it, y whih diad lntge and diefore that I ea t et eet hen
M -d .... r JoshI, t'otoer t, iMto







hemd, hened tome gent., sd with them; thee wentod yen wr-t f-,t into a large roam, or ekatohedac, twenty thetniehod diatto thtop into my hantdt,
fethhighbtwivtei order o them sn to hemgh e a feet wide -and aet tirty ent tang, na threagh that tohe th=e he ahip an shore, wa
enetin. They were maied to ha neck of land, enre inte inth oered a qAt ona r yg tht inte thre rcirl sha help would hos e eoneregeto a watre in
monded with high roe behind them, and kpi4g plain we ten hanomquema, six of whi; h waere nly to bhe the world to have applied himl as h had doei.
rone ihhg ok ehn hm n yn linwr e adoeros fwihwr myt h ol ohv plid]nefa a oe





LIPE A4VD .4PYITUES aP ROBINSON O.RMSQI. 59
"Saioior," eyy the Spaniard, had we poor Spanu a do more they were nopriead with the aceon he gye cock and his mate to come o thop e and dram oe
beet.n oi k ocu e, weho4 never hao gt hf te their of nhi erod, tt there a ht dier p d to n4 o aeo we b had on bm
thingsout ~ rt the ship, yon did: noy," saps )no we anypoe npar, Fnul laor that v. rghie of od te
shod never T ound ma to' hoe got aft to e h o f
cary them, or to hrve got the raUP on hoie without They d.rxhw they were aafomhaq at thae sght with oI p Wp an matter to fil it; and, in
boat or ail; and how mueh lu ffiwoo we have roe of the relef i tet the, ad ao the appeormeu of orltel, I gee. ofeo toa ottlee o Frehos cet, and
if anyof hadbee alone I de d tololoas of heoa-thing they had not roen ope. their tio ottle f Be p h heri thot neither the
abate his compliment, an go on with the of ingtoha ted
their coming on shore where t ey laded. He told me itand blesed it ha bred eoit feom ll eavep; and what anodwhihitq tmay b oo s pposod they vey glad of.
they unhappily landed at plaee 'where there we reviving rd it wu to their spits o taste it, aThe Sponiardo adde4 to oer teoct fire whole kidh
people without provisions; whesrea, hod thed tad the also the other thiug Ihad sent for other supply; ad, the ooks roatod;apdthre of themorn e nt, covered
common sense to ut off to ea again, and gone to afterall, they would he told mn.mnoething of the joy op dobe, on board the ohip to the iaen., that they
oitother d fthethey hd p hey were in at the sight of a boat and pilots to .might fresh meat feom O shoee,o we did ith
though without people: there being an island that way, them away to the person and plaee from whence all their elt cat from on bord.
ao they had ben told, where there were provide these new comforts cme. But w it mpossihle to Aft thir feast, at which we e very innocently
though Lo people-tht is to say the Spaniads of exes it byword, for their exce.ive joy naturally merry, I thought my cargo of good; wherein, that
Trinidad hd frequently been there, and had fiWed the Idntog them to uneomi extravagances they bad no there might be n dispute about dividing, I showed
island with goats and hos at several times, where they way to describe them, but by telling me teybordered them t hat tbre was a uf ieny for them all, desiing
had hbred in suc multitudes, and where turt and sea- uon luonp y, having no way to give vent to their that they eight al take equal quantity, when made
fowls were in such plenty, that they could have been in plsions table to the sense that was upon them; up, of the goods that were for wearing. Aa, ft I dio-
o want of flesh, though they had fod no bred ee; that in som it worked one wa, ad in some another; tributed linen sufcint to make eery one of them four
whereas, here. they. were onloy ustaioed with a fet and that some of them, through a surprise of joy, woued shirts, an, at the Spaiard's request, fterwards made
ruots and herbs, which they undertaod not, ahd which burst opbo tears, others be stark ma., and others irm- them up sox; these oee eexctvding comfortable to them.
had n e substnnee in them, and wch the inhabitants meditel faint. This discoue extremely affected. pe leaving bo n what the ad loong ince forgot the use of
ge them sparingly enough; and they could treat thm and called to my mind y rwayi's ecstasy wher he met or what it wa to war them. I allotted the thin
no better, udle. they would turn cannibals, and at his father, and the poor people's ety when I took English stuff which I mentonedbefore, tao m e every
men'sflesh, themup~at seaaftrtheirship was on fire; the joyof one a lightcot, like a frock, whichljdg fittestor
They gave mean count how many ways they strove the ate of the ipwhen fou himself delivered tbhohtofthe season, oolnd l ; and orded that
to ivilizethe savag they're with, adtotachthem n theplce where expeo tedto p ish; and my ow heeertheyde edtheyhooldmm or they
rational custom in the ordinary way of living, but in joy, when,after twentyeight yer captivity, I found a thought fit; the the for pmps, oho, stomk ingeo, at
vain ; ad how they retorted it upon them, a unjust, good ship ready to carry me to my own untry. All I cannot epres what pleure sat upon the onn-
thatt they, who came tere for assistance and support, these things made me mere sensible of the relation of tenoes of all these poor men, when they mw the ae
should attempt to set up for instructors of those that these poomen, and more affected with it. I had taken of them, and how well I had fmlrshed
gave them food ; intimtig, it seems, that none should ing thus gien a iew of the stat of things o uI bem. Theytold me I was a fa th em; and that
set up for the instructors of others but those who could found them, I must r.ate the oea of what I did for hlavin such a eovrepondent as I was in so remote a
live withoutthem. TIhey gveme dismal ceounttof ththeese people, and the condition in which I left tem. part o the r dth iwo t would make them forget that they
,rtremirtes they were dven to; how sometimes It was their opinion, and mine too, that they would be w left in a desolate place and they all vqlontrily
ere many ds without ny food at allthe island they troubled no mrewiththe savages, or if they were,they engaged to me not to leave the place without my
were upon eigia itedhbya I sort of saages that lived would be able to cut them off, i they were twice as cousent.
,more indoleot, and for that eeson wee less plied many a oa before; so they had no concern about that. Then presentedto the people I had brought
rith the necessaries of life than they had reaon to Then I entered into serious discourse with the with me, partiully the tailor, the smith, and the tso
bliee others were in the same poat of the world: and ipanid, wlom I cll goveror, about their stay in the carpenter al 'of them moat neoessar y people; but,
m het they found that these svagers were less ravenou island: for a I as not co to ayny of them off, above all, my general artiter tha whom they could
and voracious thn those who ad better supplies of it would not b jt to carry off some and leave not name anything that was more useful to them;and
food. Also they added, they could not but Iee with others. whoperhaps would be unwilling to stay if their the tailor, to show his ncern for them, went to work
what demonstrations of wisdom and goodness the strength was diminished. On the other hand, I told immeditly, and, with my leave, mado them eery one
governing rovideneo of God directs the events of themleame to establish them thee, not to remove a shirt the irstthing hdid;and,whatwas still more
things in tdis world, which, they said, appeared in their them them; n let the m I et the h ad brought he taught the women not only how to c ad stitch,
cioumstonces: for if, pressed by the harlships they with me relief of sundry kinds for them; that had and use the needle, but made them assist to make the
wrl, under. and the barrecness of the uotry where been at a great harg.to supply them with all things shirts for their htubhods and fol all the reat. A to
they wee, they had searched after a better to live in, necessary, as well ftn their onvenicnce as their de- the carpenters, I ce need mention how uehl they
they hd th been out of the way of the relief that fence; and that Ihad suc and suc particular persons were; for they took to pieces a my lumy, unhndy
peedto them by my mes. with me, well to increase and recruit their nuber, thin, and made cleea r convel t tables, h Cool, be-
They then e g. m account how the savages whom as by the particular nessary employmenoe which ttey sods copbard, lockers, helveand everything they
they lived amongst expected them to go out with them were bd being artifcers, to assist them in the antd of that kid. But to let them e ow nature
to their wars; and, it w tre,thats they hd fire- thig in whih at pre nt they werein want. made artificers t fi, I carried the arpente to ee
arms with them, had they not had the disaster t lose They were all together n I talked thus to them;Will Atki' set-ouse, I calledit; they th
their ammunition, they could he been eie ble d before I delivered to them the stores I had bought, owed they never saw a instance of such natural in-
only to their fried, but have made themselves toe loe asked them, one by one, if they had entirely forgot genuty before, nor anything so regular d so handily
S- t being without eewdei udburied the first animoities that had been amovo hoit, ast of its kinood od ; ee of theem heo oe
S_ that they would not in them, and would shake hahds with one another, ad saw it, after moifg a good while, touningabohe t to ae,
reason decline to go out with their landlords to the e in a strict friendship and union of interest, tha "I am sre," says he "that man ha no need of u;
wurs; so when they came into the field of battle, they so theme mis derstndngs and you need do nothing but give him tools."
were in a wrse condition than the savag themselv, jealousies. Then I brought them out all my store of tools, and
for they had neitther tow, no hey Will Atin, with abundance of fnknes cd ave every man a digging-spade, a ehovel, and a rake,
se those the savages gave them. 80 they could do humour, soid they had met with coalition enough to oro we had o haows oo plough; and to everysepate
nothing but stand still and be wounded with areowa, eaoe them all soherand enemies enoughto m them a cea plchaxe, ocoa a broad a, and ap ; alwtya
till they oe up to theteeth of theirenemy; and then, all friends; that for his part, he would live and di ppo gtht often a nywere beken oer wo
indeed, the three halberds they had were of use to with them, and was o far from designing thing ot, thehould eppled without godging, oot of
them; and they wood often de a wole little my against the paoiards, that he owned they ha doe the general stores that I left behind. N tples,
before them with those halberds, and sharp ed sticks nothing to him but what his own mad hnmour made hine, hammers, Ehiels, tkives dor, and l sorte
put into the muztles of their muskets. out, for all necesaay and what he would have done, and peehape 0f o-eewprh, they had without reserve, as they re-
ti, they were sometimes surrounded with multitudes, worse, in their case; and that he would k them quired; for no o n would take more than he wanted
andi great danger from their arrow till at lat they pardo,if I desired it, for the foolishly ad brtih thg and h t be a fool tht would wate or spoil them
fomnd the way to make themselves lrg targets o hbad done to them, and w.a ver willing and deio n amy account whatever; oa d for the use of. ith,
ood,wtich they covered with skius of eild est, of living in terms of entire friendship and union with Ilefttwo tons of onr ght iron for pply.
hoe names they knew not, and thee covered them them, and would do anything that lay in his power to My magazine of powder ad arms who brought
from the arrows of the saves: that, notwithstanding convince them of it; and as for going to England, he m was such, even to pouoion, that they could t
these, tbey ere sometimes in great danger; and five roared not if he did not go thither these twentyye but rejoice at them for nor they could maroh Io
of the. once. were knocked down together with the The Spaniards said they had,indeed, at first disarmed used to do, with a musket upo etao sholde?, if th
clubs of the svnges, which w th t time when one o and excluded Wll Atkius and his two countrymen for w scson nd weatle tofvagi o
them was taken prisoner, that is to sop,the Spanilrd their ill conduct, a they had let me know, and they if tey had but some little advang of ito
wtho I reeved. At test they ftheogt h had been appealed to me for the n.eeasity they were under to do which also they mold not mais, if they had .
killed; but when they ft ards heard he wa t ; bt that Will Atkins had behaved himself so I carried on hore with me t. yog whoa-
prisoner, they were under the greatest grief imngnable, bravely in the great fight they had the ethe sages, mother wtas aoex- vd to death, and the maid aO; hab
hove eresued him. w faithful to, and concerned for,the general interest o ved oinoffensiely tht e .on o e good
T' hha-ad dm inoftensi., thatt every tontgv a o t
They told me tht whe they wee o ed dow, the l hat they hd forgotten that woa paesed, woof; the hod, tdeed, t nhpyee life with uw, there
the et of their company rescued them, temod stood over and thought h merite d e it mn e erue 1 s01 tted wit eing no woman in the shipbot heuselfbot sh bore it
them fighting till they were come to themselves, all arms and supplied with necerie s any of them with p e After while ee thins ll
hbut him whom they thought had been dead; and then that the had tetified their 'satiatiC in him, by o derd, ad in so fine a way of thriving upo my
they m=ad their way with their halberds and pieces, committing the command tt him net to the goveror i andc cidog that they bad neither busin
standing cloe together in a line, through a body of himself; andas theyhad eWtie e tohe in him m o a c .qui .tao inth Bat Ibndieoreso n a fot.i g
above a thousand avags, beating on all that me al his countymen, so they acknowledge they had a voye, both of th came to me, and d e
in thair way, g ththe vitor overeirenemis, ht to merited that ondence by a the mhe that oe wougive to emi on the ia d b


old th that dlam tadoal
it, whom the ctr oty, fAdg le, ed of, mot hehartil e red the o o of geg e th a d o Ii
with mine others, as I go.. o o t efoe. Thee srao, that they woold oeve have coy ieet all dto t, whese. y bathree hne ope..
,eT]Zboed, most aflmcionatly, bow Ithe wen copa aeprtfom aoee. p, 0qft qdledith a b tP d oee Mk
wit joy a thjy te ret. of the iiao d o p th anee cnd 0pe deboi of n ah i te.cjoi 1gto Ia to erwtent ae
btootwofthoe.worlad, wid men; acd y, inhm dee emade upland 0eari I ta he hips ledgto d ddl 11 e a go ite o





60 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRBSOE.

ay their goods in, and to et and drink in. And now any sch thing. He told me further, tat he wotld not general principle, though we may be of some differing
te other to Eoglshmen removed their habitation to eae to do all that became him, in his office m a priest, opini in the practice of prtiulare. First, sir, though
the se place; and o the island wa divided into there as ell asa private Christian, to procre the good of we differ in somn of the doetrinal otie of religion
colonies, and no me, vithe Spaniards, with old Friday the ship, nd the safety of all that ws in her; and (nd it is very unhappy it is so, espeilly in the case
and the first servants, at my old habitation under the though, perhaps, we wold not join with him, and he before s, a I sha show afterwards), et there a
ill, which waa, in a word, the capital city, and where would not pray with us, he hoped he might pray for us, sme general principle in which we btZ agree-that
they had so enlarged and tended their works, as well which he would do upon ll occasions. In this manner there isa God; and that this God having gien some
under as on the outside of the hill, that they lived, we conversed; and o he was of the most obliging, stated general rule for our service and obediene,
though perfectly concealed, yet full at large. Never gentlemanlike, behavionrso he wasif I my be allowed we ought not willingly and knoingly to offend Him
asthere ch littleityawo and so hid, iny to say so,a man of good sense, and, as believe, of either by egltigto do what e has mmanded,or
part of the world for I verily believe that a thound great learning. by doing what He has expressly fobiddn And let
men might hae ranged the island a month, and, if they He gave me a most diverting account of his life, and nor different religions be what they will, this general
had tnon there was such a thing, and looked on of the many extraordinary events of it; of many ad principle is readily owned by all, that the leasing of
purpose for it, they would not have found it. Indeed, ventures which had befallen him in the few years that God does not ordinarily follow presnmptuons sinning
the trees stood s thick and o coe, and gew tO fast he had been abrod in the world; and particularly it in His command; and every good Christin will
woven one into another, nong ng tht nothingos er ith hetoyage hte as now be affectionately conceded o prevent any that are
don first would disover the place, ceptthe only to engaged in, he had the misfortune to be fiv times under hits reliin n a total neglet of God nd His
rrw eotres where they went in and out could be shipped nd shipped, and ever to go to the place mmanids. It is not yo men being Protestnts,
fomd, whieh ws not very easy one of them ws close hither ay of the ships he wasin were at first designed, whatever my opinion may be of such, tnt disrges
down at the water's edge, on th side of the creek, and That his first intent was to have gone to Mlrtnieo, and me from being concerned for their souls, and from
it was afterwards above two hundred yads totheplane: that he went on board ship bound thither at St. Malo; endeavourin, if it lies before me that they should live
nud the othrwas p a ladder at twie,s I have already ut, being fored into Lisbon by bad wther the ship in little distance from enmity with their Mer a
descrIbed it and they had also a large wood, thickly received some damage byrunning aground in the mouth possible, especially if you give me leave to meddle so
plated, on the top of the hill, containing above an of the river Tgus, and was obliged to unload her ago far in your clrit."
ere, whih grew apace, and onceled the pla from all there; ut finding ortuguese ship there boundtoth I could not yet imagine what he aimed, and told


..h o .. I. lent ed e be or | br. ". o. e '. i or i 1. .. o i .' a i h. l
c i i : i i t iid I s, ke fr iie in dBhusird,
.. ...- ....' i,- ...' 'd didiescone




of rthestalue o fiu t, ta t 11i i. iewic he w miud "ht thprs o ta they s a n e ut
ops pr-est and. th -iry a r h opish ri e o orin se l todge t itmoig t u n a i the fo and k ee obliyto the e isbyi th
Sr n ing oi i, e if
C '2;' I'.n ,n con










yohip Imentione, ad l infci y f i .. a n i t g -, w than is d; y, h,,sbe caetoy stipte I l fu rh
j dsic eyo hkiness as wl as i e o I cd, b








'e 'rt ot ,' n the n l m o o i ,i i v ey r ti i co e ton cer e tht omnof vi e the cn they srhmond s he tlcppoaedith
o pi nd th 1 i sei te -m oei g ( I e n bop d d o vgn dit h bcun t nthop t so naotoely to themu ptwohyth

of ltjeiieod f' n ehm" o 'd f eh" f i. o h1e hi w. O 1re ,ow d ic hop1oedhoulh not nothe ingofdtat tey n gthadie gsomany wd i the
Ii.. .. .. ,, -,iuse1hd tinh ih comegt n oine to koulrd leg r qob t io g lot in the
in ,in. .-'.,m. t





h mcethke ...h.ie d -tri lion totem ee cinder dig is oc g f l, toil mitt o' h e w rrm a, aa t







w11 th p p t o y n 1.ony, i d ter or d ernoiteege d wi th th er pi i obeg in the sp meetod
-""""- '"":' reod "i""i -' .,1h..... g ,o,, aternoyriy youriotb,

f : i.. ', i.P, ", i i t- i h' h, a m ood,-r to :h iiiini ao blt ig on e done wh it Ows noth






t i of .c c 11 i hi,1 ,i o 11thoi whiighlt wt "et d t inte ysd.tmeYu s yod et with the
`Y't atow iyoomf ieiorgedith ohnly tl the awe me;











s'Ic him, tie h oeaurpe po t de tre to ye e tnlieno
yigouf fbis, ei yould hoapily, mpl ii itl ai t wo n the reoeed er an o hoho to h do ydr antrd wo b
.7Wtbe dto your knnes I weall m alsecy oto I y the n, hay I aogyothe, "e not e y might inpt ofa en ul, sid th unnsnol it.mf ermtimity uh
.. -ige .to t.he y oodo y oyfac... .e..yo
i emk .... -. ... .. ..r i n... me w ith h tho h mtoh,O ; .o.gh i the y. e. tos,





heu eo..iyp..to, -ai dito t ownd nothe it ,d gd ,,m e te n it thyre Hemtnl ev y thoat they hwsld ywooway mythe te st
w''i;' a to he eo de m u.can' with I ther y the T-eg yo, nted wh dine mettaen raigt ctkignie toth eyn w mte, adyth

hi:meogo:t=:,inn nn,,dlgi.ti...dhnt.if sired nor.peohomn ino n ishsowe nedoeond hynothowltmea p.orisent .w.i.h.sllth. hif
Iw... ie hi ln nOt y t p pedhmof dphiiemtold"rpe ddishe ing ll.ur s4e fe

defend his own opinions as well a he ld; t tht, l to y down a few propitious, a the ndtin disse ao his own prty or h and oh en
t y wold ot k i me wit of w e to y, tatwe y der i the th fo perig th hd knowledge
""m'~ i --i ";o in own. you od not be charged with tht: r of the rime ;



n C......., o .21 .tbotghTtwill beefftetiml,

i to with sthem partly the thing w- md whih he dwe- iged by both .man a won, -a


.1; he did not dob but Iould a0llo hIm alo yj t then, sir, sir,"s he "hepld to be"e be snceiy 1. eh'
n ii well e he uld ; hu ta. the to own orrty urh, und =sc true
.di "e'Vut hy le=ee wordt break insme with of whe" t I have to mytweonoutdiffer.the, th ;or pei peSthtbh li ed -o kts oudg





SLIFB AND ADVENTVURS OF BOBINSON CBUSOE. .61


of or relation to, om toaningo the laws of God
Bot eoollcting rhat hoM hd id ofmityie them by
a writn contract, which I knew h would stand to, I
returned it back upon him, and told him I granted all
that he hadidto be t, d his part very kind;
that I would direurte with the men opon the point
now, henI came to them; and I knew noon why
they should scruple to let him marry them ail, which I
knew well enough would be granted to be as athantic
and valid in Egldanod f the were married by one of
our own clergymen.
I then pressed him to tell me what wa the second
complaint which he had to make, acknowooledging that I
was very much his debtor for the first, and thanked
him hearty for it. He told me he would the same
freedom andplainness in the second, and hoped I would
take it a well; and this wm, that, notithtandi
these English subjects of mine, as he called them,
lived with these women almost seven years, had taught
them to speak Eglah, and even to ad it, and that
they were, as he perceived, women of tolerable under
standing, and capable of instruction, yet they had not,
tothis hour, taught them anything of the Christin re-
ligion-no, not so much as to know there was a God,
a worship, or in what maIner God s to be served, or
that their own idolatry, aod worhipping they knew not
whom, waa false nd aourd. This, he said, was nn-
montablo neglect, nd what God would certainly call
them to acoount for, nod perhaps at last take the work
out of their hands. H spoke this very affectionately
and warmly.
"I am persuaded says he,"had those menlived in
the vage country hence their wives came, the savages
would have taken more pains to have brought them to
be idolators, and to worship the devil, than any of
these men, sofar a In e, have taken with them to
teach the knowledge of the true God. No, sir" aid
he, though I do not 1nowonledgo yonr religion, e you
mine, yet we would be glad to see the devil's servants
and the subjects of his kingdom taught to know the
general principles of the Christian religion; that they
might, at least, he of God and a -edeemer, and of the
reurrection, and of a future state-things which we all
believe; btthat they might, atleat, be so much near com-
ing into the bosom of the true church thanthaey no
inthe public pmfeson of idolaty and deil-worship,"
I muldholdnolonger: Itook him in my arms and
embraced him eagerly. "Ho far," said I to him,
"have I been from understanding the moot esential
part of a Christian, viz. to love the interest of the
Christian chur,, and the good of other men's sools!
I scare have knomn whot belongs to the being a
Christian."- Oh,sir! do not say so," replied he; this
thing isnotyo fault."-" No," aid I; ut why did
I never lay ittoheart well as you "-" It isnotto
late yet," mid he; "be not too forward to condemn
yourself."-" But what n be donenow ?" said I: "yo
eeI amgoing away."-" Willyou give me leave to talk
with thee poor men about it?l"-"es, with all my
heart, said I "and will oblige them to give heed to
what you say too." As to that," said he," we must
leaie them to the mercy of Christ, but it is your business
to asoist them, encourage them,and instruct them; nd
if you give me leave, and God his blessing, I do not
ot but the poor ignorant souls shallbe brought
home to the greatcircle of Christioity, if not into the
particular faith we all embrace, and that even while
you stay here." Upon this I said,"I shall not only
give you leave, bt give you a thousand thanks for it."
I now pressed him for the third article in which we
were to blne. "Why,relly," ays he, "it is of the
samenatur It is about your poor avag, who ar,
as I may y, yo conered subjects. It is a maxim
ir, that is, or ought tobe received among l-Chrintins,
of what chorh or pretended church oever, that the
Christian knowledge ought to be propagated bl all
posible means, and on al possible occasions. It os on
this principle that our church sends misaionariea into
Peroai, India, and China; and that our clergy, even of
the superior ort, illingly engage in the most hzardouo
oyage, and the most dangerous residence amongst
murderersanid arberine to teach them the knowledge of
the true God, and to bring them over to embrahe the
Christian faith. No, sir, you have euch an opportu-
nity here to have six or seveu.nd-thirty poor avages
brought over from'a state of idolatry to the knowledge
of God, the Maker and Redeemer, that I wonder ho
you an pass such an occasion of doing good, which
is really morth the expense of a man's whole life."
I wa now struck dumb indeed, and had not one word
to y. I had he the spirit of true Christian eal fo
God ad religion before me. As forme, I had not o
much a entertained a thought of this in my heart before,
and I behe I should not have thought of it for lMe
upon these svange a slaveon and people whom, had we
not hd ny mork for them to do, we would have used
a such, or woldd have been glad to have tansported
them to any other partof the wld; for our busne
was to got rid of them, and e wonld all hae been
satisfied if they had heen sent to ny country no the
had never sen their on. I was ronfonoded at h.
disourse, and knew not what answer to nuke him.


He looked earnestly at me, seng my cmnfsion- injustice; became I had pnmied I would newe nd
bir," y he,n"I hl l be very .oy whatIhave him iaway, andhehbd promed aod ag dto me that
d gi yo any e No n said I I am he wold never leave m, nnmo I ent him aw.y.
offended with no y bt myself; but I am prfetly He se d ery much concerned t it, fe he ad no
onfounnded, not ony to think tht I hoaldn vertake o tional a to the or pople, i heodid net
anynotise of this hefoe, bot with reflertinwhattie ondend one word of theoi pr nu e, n they eon o
I am able to take of it now. You kno, sir," said I, his. To remoe thbi dis clt, I told him Friday'.
"whatcieomstaomo I amu ; I ambondto the Eat father had leaned pai which I fondhe almndeh
IndieaiaThip freighted by mereanto, and to whom it stood, and he houdserve him aninterpreter. Sohe
mwold be an min ffr nbhlp ine of injustice to detain was much better ati d, and nothing could persuade
their ship here, the men lying nll thisn while victls him t bt ie woul yod s ey and deavour to convert them;
and wages on the owne ao nt It is troe, I agreed bht Pmvidene gave another very happy turn to all thi.
to be allowed twlve dys he, ad if I stay more, I I come back now to the fiaot part of his objection,
must pay three pounds sterling per di demurrage; When we came to the Englihmen, I et f them all
nr can I sta opon demmrage aboe eigbt days more, together, and after some aonomt given them o f what I
and I have ben here thirteen already; so that Iam had dooe for them, vi. what neesary things I had
perfotly bleto egage in thi work, alesaI would provided for them, and how they were distributed,
sufe myself to be left behind here again; in which whi they very senible of, d very thankful for,
ase if this single ship should miscarry in ay part of I began to talk to them of the seandaloo life they led,
hervoae I houlde just itn the me condition that and avethrem follemont of the nntlhe the cler-g
I wa left inhere at first, and from whih I have been oa d taken of it; and arguig honw nchitin and
so wonderfully delivered." He owned the ase waso very ielious a fe it wa, I first asked them if they wer
hard upon meoasto myvoyge; bhotlaid it home upon marned men or bcheolo? They son explained their
my onsiene, whether the blessing of saving th.ty- condition to me, and showed that two of them were
....huis .... tI I orh V. en uring all Im, had V tr
enmols as notorth ventng all I d the idowe, and the other three we single men, or
world for. I was notsensibleof thatashe wa I haehelos. I aked them with what mconscie they
plind tohimthus: "Why, sir,it is a valuable thing, couldtake these women, and call th them ir woive, and
indeed, to be an instrument in God's hand to onvert ave so many children by them, and not be lawfaldy
thirty-seven heathens to the knowledge of Chnst; but married to them? They all gave me the answer I .
a you are n ecdleasinh, and are gien over to the epeted, vo. that there wo nobody to marry them;
wok, so it seems so naturally to fall into the way of that they agreed before the govenor to keep th m a
your profusion; how is it, then, that you do not theirwives, andtomaintintemandown them their
rather offer yourself to undertake it than proase me to wivs; and they thought na things stood with them,
doit?" they were a legoly married as if they had been married
Upon this he faced about just before me, as he walked by a parson, nd with all the formalities in the world.
alnnon .d potting me to a full stop, made me a very I told themthatno doubtthey were married in the
low bow. "I mot heartilythank Good and you, sir" eight of God, and were bound i onsnadice to keep
aidhe, "for giving me so evident a call to so blesed a them a their wives; but that the laws of men being
work; and if you think yourself discharged from it, otherwise, they might desert the poor women and
and desire me to undertake it, I will most readily do it, cilon hermafter; and that the ires, being
and think it a happy reward for all the hazards and dolatomen, frindle and moeyle, oold
diffcultie of such a b en, disappointed age as I no way tohelp themsele. Itherefore told them that
have met with, tht I am droppedat lat into gorioeo unle I assured of their honest intent, I could do
a work." nothing for them, but wold takeobnre that what I did
diss ered a kind of rapture in his face while he hold before the women and childrn without them;
spoe thi to me; his eyes sparkled lie fire, his fae d that, ule they would gove me some ammnces
glowed, and his lor came and ent; in a word, he that they would ma the women, I ld not think it
wan fired with the joy of being embarked in such a was movenient they hold continue together a man
work. I paused a considerble while before I cold anwife; for that it am both ndalous to menand
toll what to say to him; for I was really surprised to offensive to God, who they could not think would ba
find a ma of suoh sincerity, and who seemed pomseed them if they went n thns.
of a zeal beyondthe ordinary ote of men. But afterI ll this wnt on I expected; and they told me,
had considered it a while, I asked him seriously if he especially Will AtkLins, who now emed to speak for
was in enet, andthat he would venture, on the single the rest, that they lived their wive as well a if they
moniderationof an attmpttoovert thosepoorpeople, had been bom in their o native ountoy, and would
to be locked up in an ogplontod sllnd nfo perhaps his not lve them onany account whatever; nd othey did
life,nd at las might nt might now whether he shouldbe verily beliee that their wivs were a virotou and
able to do them good or not? H turned short upon asmodet, nddid,totheutmot of theio ill, mch
me, and asked me hat I called a vntre? "Pray, them d for their children, n any women mold
sir" said he, "hat do you thin I nsentodtgo in po ly do nd they would not part ith them on
your ship to the East Indies for?"-" Nay," said y mount. Will Athins, for his on paticular,
"that I know not, nle it was to preach to the ddedthatifanyman wouldtakehimao y, and offe
Indinon."f Doubtless it as," said he; "nad do you to carry him home to England, and make him aptin
think, if I an onvert these thiry-seven men tothe of the bet manof- in the nay, bewould nt go
faith of Jesus Christ, it is not worth my time, though I ith him, if he might not carry his wife and t children
hold never be fetched off the iand again ?- y it withhim;andif there was a clegymanin the hip, he
not infintely of more worth to e so may oul than would be married to her now with all his h irt.
my life is, orthe life of twenty more of the m p This w just as I wold he it. Thepriest ws not
feion ? Yes,sir," says he,I would give God thanks with me t that moment, but was not far of: o
all mydays, if Iold be made the bppy instrument totry o imfortho ,Itold hbm Ihad a clergyman with
of ving the uls of these poor men, though I were mte, d, if he was sineere,I would have him married
never togetmy foot off thisisnd, or see my native net moving, and bade him nside of it, and
country any more. But sinote you will honour me with talk with the rest. He said, as for himself, he need
puttingme into this wor, for which I will pray for you not consider ofitatall, for he w very ready to do it,
all the days of my life, I hee none humble petitiongod ws glad I had a minister ith me, and be believed
you beaides"-" What is that ?" sai I.-" Why," y they would bell illig I then toldhim at my
he. "it is, that you will leave yoon mn Friday with tend, the minister, s a Frenchman, ad could not
me, :to be my interpreter to them, and to asst me; peak Eglish, but I wold act the clerk between them.
for without some hel I anot seak to them, or th Henever so mncth aashedme wheth e w aPapit
to me." or Protestant, which mw, indeed, what I wa afraid of.
I wa sensibly touched at his requeting Friday We then ed, th and I went bkck to my egc man.and
because I could not think of parting ith him, and Will Atm ent in to talk to bis mmpaninns. t
that for many reo b had been the mpanion of t he French gentlemen not to ay anything to
my travels ; he was not only faithful to me, bt sicerely hem till the usine was thoroughly ripe; and I told
affectionate to the last degree; and I had resolved to him what answd the men had given me.
do something oniderable for him if he outled me, as Before I nt from their quarter thy all came to me
it probble he would. Then I knew that,as Ihad nd toldmethey hd been dengwhatI bad id;
bred Friday op to be a Protestant, it would quite con that they we glad to harI hada lergymanin my
found him to bring him to embrace other eligio company and they we w illig to give m the
and he oold nevrr, hile his eyes were open, believe itfaotion I dered, and to be formally married
that his oldmato rahe tirnd o bedamned; soon n Iplased; for they were for from deiringto
and this might in the end ruin the poor fellow' part with their wives, and that they meant nothingat
principles, and so tor him hak again to his firs what was very honest whon they choee them. So I
idointry. However, a sudden thought relieved me in appointed them to meet me the net moving; and, in
this strait, and it was this I told him I old no the man time,thy should let they no ise the
ay that I mao willing to part with Friday on any meaningof the marringsw; and thot wa not only
acounnt whatever, though a work that to him was to prevent any andal, but also to oblig them that
of more vlue than his life, oughttobeof mouh more they thoold not foroke them, whatever mitb happen.
value than the keeping or parting with a sevant. But, The man wera e eaidy made w bla of te meanmin
on the other hand, I. waso persuaded that Fidy wo of the thing, and were very well todwitb it, ,
by no means green to part ith me; ad I ld not inde they hd to they led t to
foem him to it without hi o nsint, without manifr t attend logethr eaatmy apr1ten Btn tmontng, h e





62 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRBSOE.







































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LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 63

hope you have the same charity for us: I pray R. C. ray, Will, let us know what passed between Wife.-How m tin you hae great much God up
your beig all restored to Christ's churchy whatsoever you and your wife; for I know something of italready there [she point up hc il et n do wel, no
method e,who isall-wie iapleasedtodiret. Ite ..-lritia imposihle to ou aullae unt do good thing? Ca he I? Surt ho no tell what
nntime, surely you will allow it consists with me, as it; atn im oa tohodit get hyuc une ho dod god p
Slomanu, to distinguish far between a Protestant antd a to e bpreaa it; but ot he havo said what she wil, h. A.-Y e, yes, he know and aes all things: he
pagan; between one thut calls on Jesus Christ, though though I nonut giv you an amount of it, hi I can hears us speak, sees what we do, knows wwlnt we think,





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64 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE
dys, oven foo haven, hy ploiw wools; -nd G1 he! Romn ehu-b, if po eible, bhc -a- of other ill oons- it very suitable. The ehante of that man I have
iapired god men by hi Spirit; ancl they ove written quenee wheh mngha attend a difference among vs in gW.i already; vand s for the maid, she ye a very
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LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON 'C7EUSOE. 65


Papist or Proteatnt in their exhorting the oae to
turn Chriti, but toch them the general knowledge
of the true God, and of their Saviour Jes Christ;
and they likewise promised us that they would never
have any difference or disputes one with another about
religion.
When I came to Will Atkins's house, I found there
the young womn I hoao mentioned cbove, and Will
Atkins' wife, were become intimates; and this pr-
dent, religious young woman had perfected the work
Will Atkins adbeun ; and though it wa not above
four days after what I have related, yet the new-
haptial savage woman ws made such a Christian a I
hvl sdlom heard of in all my observation or con-
vertion in the world. It came et into mymind in
the morning before Iwent to them. that amongst all
tle neodful things I had to l oe with them, I had not
left them Bible, in which I showed myself les a n-
osidring for them than my good friend the widow ws
for me when slo sent me the cargo of hundred
pounds from I.Uan,, whcre she pcked up three Riblhe
,nd a i'rayeo-boo. However, the good woman's charity
1i .0- ,i i imagined, for they
,, ,t rd instruction of
.il' ... i .. ... fi them than I had
I i I ,. II in my pocket, and when I
Ci ,u t nt, or houer, and found the
y g mwommo an il Atkint's I ptized rife had been


The woman wo orprisdand wa like to have rm
into mistake thatnone of u wee aware of: for he
firmly believed Go had agent the book upon her
hubaond' petition. It wa true that providentioly it
wa o, and might be taken so in a onsequot sese;
but I believe it would haoe been oo difficult matter at
that time to have peosaded the poor woman to have
brlieed that an express messenger came fm Heaven
o purposetobriog that individual book. But it woa
too serious a matter to suffr any delusion to take
place, I turned to the young woman, and told her
we did not desire to impose npon the new convert inher
firet and more ignorant understanding of things, and
begged her to explain to her that God may be very
properly said to nwer our petitions, when, in the
course of his pmrovidne, such things are in a particular
manner broughtto pass a we petitioned for: but we
did not expect returns from Heaen in a miraculous and
particular manner, and it is a merey that it is not so.
Thi the young woman did afterwards effeothlly, so
thatther waanopriestrult ted bore; cd I should
have thought it one of the most unjustifible frauds in
the worldto hve hd it so. Butthe efft upon Will
Atiins is really not to be expressed; and there we may
ho sure tas no delusion. Sore o man ws ever more
thankful in the world for anything of its kind than he
Iwa for the Bible,-nor, I believe, never any man was
glad of a Bible from a better principle; and though he
ad been a mot pmrfligate creature, headstrong, furious,
nd desperately wicked,et this man ia a standing rle
to us all for the well instructing children, viz. that
parents would never give over to teach and instruct,
forever despair of the success of their endeavours, let
the children be ever n refractory, or to appearance in-
sensible to instruction; for, if ere God, in his
providence, touches the consciene of such, the force of
their education returns upon them, and tho early i
steuction of parents is not lost, though it may ha
been many year laid leep, but =omo time or other
they may find the beefit of it. Thus it woa with this
poor w a however ignorant ho was of religion and
Christian knowledge, he found he had come to do with
now more ignorant than himself, and that the leat
of the instruction of his good father that now
c.eto his mind was of use ot him.


as they told me, thpi d .d Mccetoc a one drank, for
some time. The thirdday, in the morning, after a
night of Ia-ne, nfused, and inoiaitent dreams,
nd rather dong than sleeping, I awaked mrveous
and furio with hunger; ead I question, hod not my
nderstanding turned and conquered it, whether, f
I had been a mother, and had had a little child with
me, its life would have ben safe or not. This lated
about three hor, dring which time I twice raging
mad a ny retire in Bedlam, a my young master
told e, and u he c no infor you.
"In ono of these fita of luacy or distaction Ifell
down ad atriuc my face again t the ac er of a pllet-
ed, in which my miatreo laoy, ad with the Mow the
blood gushed out of my ne; and the cbin-hoy bring-
ing me a little boain, It down cd bled into it great
dealt; ad the blood c e from me I ae to rmyelf,
and the violent of the flam or fver- was in abated,
and ao did the ravenous port of the hunger. Then I
grew ick, and retched to vomit, but ould not, for I hal
nothing in my stomach to bring up. After I had bled
e tim I wooned, and they all belivd was dead;
but I came to myself oon after, anl then had a moat
dreadful pain in my atomrch not to be dcribcd--not
like the colic, but a growing, eager pain for fo; and
toaro night it went off with a kind of ecaurt wishing
or longing for fool. I took other draught of water
with ugar in it; hut my atomach loathad tho esgr,
an.d bought it all p again ; then I took a drought of
water without sugar, and that stayed witl me; and I
laid me down upon the bed, praying mot heartily that
it would pleoaa God to hk m away: and com, paing
my mind in hopes of it, I eslulrcdm a dwhil, and theo
waking, thought myself dying, hIing light with vapours
from an empotomseh. I rcommrodld my 'oul thoe
to God, anl then oarnestly wished tht somebody would
Smiatres lay t me, just, I
thought, expiring, but she br it with much more
Fpatiene tlmn I, aud gave the loat bit of bread she hadl
left to her child, my oug ter, who would not have
taken it, but sh obligd him to eat it; and I believe
it oved his life. Towards the morning I slept again;
and when I awoe I fell into a violent pion of crying,
and after that had a weond fit of violent hunger. I
got up veno" ., and in moat dreadful dton on;
cod oneo or twice I nw going to bite my ow arm.
At lat I aw the basin in which wa the blood I had
bled at my no the day before: I ran to it, and
eswalowed it with such haste, and such a mreedv atto-


the help of the witt or for hi. i e. Th rad it should be t n m Ater it w
Iyoug woa was glad of italo for thepst oc- dow1n though the thoughts of it filled me with horror,
i, though she had one, and had te youth, on yet it ch ed the t of hunger,and I too another
board our hi among their goola, which were not yet draught of water, and wasoompoaed and refreed for
b ought c so. d said o ome hors after. This wao the fourth day; and thou
things of this young woman, I cannot omit tolling one I ept p till towards night, when, within the compass
more of her and myself, which has something in of three hours, I had all the several eirecmstaonc oer
it very ict rotivo ad oumclrbe. again, one after another, ti. sick, sleepy, cIgrely
I beave related to what extremity the poor young hungry, pain in th stomach, then ravenous gain, then
woman wa reduced ; how her mistress a starved to sick, then lunatic, then crying, then ravenous gaand
death, and died on board that unhappy shllip we met at o every quarter of an hour, and my strength wasted
e and how the whole ship's company was rduced to exceedingly; at night I lay me down, having no com-
the tlot extremity. The gcntlewoman, and her cn, and fort but in the hope that I should die before morning.
isl waid, were irot holyouoed c to provsions, aod "All thi_ night I d no sleep; hut the hunger wa
at totally neglected and starved,-that is to cay, now tuored into a disease; and I hada terrible olic
brought to the hut extremity of hunger. One day, and wiping by wind, instead of food, having found ito
being diwsourig with her on the cxtremitioe they way intothe wel; and in tho condition I lay till
fed, I d her if she uld describe, by what h morning, whe I was srpried by the rie and amen-
had felt, what it to stare, and how it appearedT tatio wa of my unog materho alledout tome that
C!-Ot u ttF. uIVl-a ootto1e laTKI A mnILE. Shewsid ohh believed she would, and told her tale very bhis moWter wo dead. Lifted myolf up a tl, for I
distinctly theue: had not strength to ri., but found she was not dead,
disoouring of religion together-forV Will Atkins told Firwehad for o day faredexceedinghrd, d though he wasble togivevery little ins of life. I
oy-I asked if they were ufferel very great hunger; but at laot wo were wholly had thao ouch coonulsios in my stometo, for want of
d yes; so I went into the without food of any kind, exept sugar, ad a little sme steoooe, I cannot describe; with suo h fre-
Iui, and lie witl me, and we found them together wine-and-water. The first day after Ihad received no uent thr ad pangs of appetite, a nothing but the
S -. -., i Will Atkins, food at all, I found myself, towels evening, empty and tortures of death can imitate; and this renditin
himeif, ond sick at the stomach, and nearer night much inclined to when I hard the seamen above cry out,A sail
oius to lu home, g oloe never 0 0ants a messenger; my yawning and slep. Ilay down 0n the ouch in the a sil''and halloo and jmp about se if the were dia-
wio ioos got a new ostructoro I knew I was unworthy great cabin to sleep, and slept about tree hors, and treated. Itwac not able to get off from the bed, ad
as I w0s incapable of that wohr; that young woman awawed a little refreshed, having then ao tasof wine my mistrew much less: and my yooug mater wa so
II.I been sent hither from haven,- he is enough to rwen I lay don; after helg aohut threehours arake, sick, that I thought he had been expiring; so we coult
convert a whole island o sauges." The young woman it being abot ive o'cle in the morning, I found my- not ope the Ibin door, or t any aount what it
blleml, and rose up to go away, but I desired herto self empty, and my stomah sickish, ad lay down was thot ocaionod such coneusiot ; nor had weibit
' 'I 1 1 -.' ould not sleepat all,being vey faint nd yco veratioo with the hip' cmpanyfortwoday,
1 .... ,,, ,, '* ,1 i is I continued all the sond day with a they having told us that they d not a mouthful of
i i .. ... -ety,first hungry, then sick again, with anything to at in the hip; and this they told
1 .. : ,i i b i. vomit. The s .ond night, being obliged afterwrd,--they thought we had been dead. It w
S again without any food, more then a this dreadful coition we were i when you were nt
Iible; Hee," said I t Atkins, "I have brought you draught of fresh water, and being sleep, I dreamed I to save our lives; and how you found s, sir, you know
au assistant that perhaps you had not before." The was at Barbadoes, ad that the maket es mightily as well a I,andhbetter too."
man was Oconfoonded, that ho was not able to spea stoked with proviion ; h that I bought o for my This tas her ow relation, ad is such a distinct
for some time;but, r towering himself, he tobe it with mistress, ad wet and dined vry heartily. I thought acohnt of taking to death,e as, I fofess, I nere met
both his hands, and turning to his wifeHere, my romy stomach wa fell after this, a it wold have been with, end w oa exeding icnstcotive to m. I a the
far, ys ho, did not I tell you our God, though e after a good dinner; but when I atwked, I waa exeed- rther apt to helieve it to he a tree aount, bec
liv above, could hea what we have aidf Her'i k ula in mysphritotofdmyslf in the extremity the youth gae me an account of a good part of it;
the boo I prayed for when you acd I kneeled dow of fine. The lat gl b of wine we had I drank, and though I must ow, not distinct and o feeling
under the bush; now God ha heard us, and st it." put sugar in it, beoae of ito having some spirit to the maid; and the rather, because it seems his moher
When he had said so, the man fell into such passionate supply nourishment; but there being no suhbtace in fed him at the pri of her own life: bt the poor
transports, that between the joy of having it, and the tomach for the digesting ofe to work upon, I maid, whoe institution waa tro. ngr n that of her
giving Gods thanks for it, the tears ra down his face found theonly effetof the one w to rLse disgere- mistre, who wu in o, d o weakly woman too.
like a child that w crying., able fume from the stomach into the head; and I lay, might atrugglo harder w it; neverthele., the might





66 'LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE

be auppianl to feel the extremity something sooner chief mate, going up the main-hrouds a little way, and before God d but would have been very gld f
tha ler mistress, i i i i g at them with a persetive cried ouie t i every ano there, anddr d
last hit something _' _, ._, Iould not imaginewhat he meant bya I every one of them.
relieve the maid. No juestmin, a" the xe i here and'thwartcd him a little hatily. "Nay. ai" y he, I can neither tell how many we killed nor how many
relative if our ship, or i ,i i .. i
ended lltheir e ie i ,. .. I. ...' l-, .. ---e.- r, Le .





', u ., '. ,, _i. h u, ei- ; -. a but. inshoat
ih o.. .t it w dione o" they d atn

.aor didI hio there ttwo ee a hed. . a i,
h. "1 ...a. po r fellow, t of .. d .c A the
l e p1hew" h provth idede f ne a e o ,, v.. i ,.. ,rr ,.

y 1 1 n r a n Mh e t I m. .
























th e te i A i t ,Ae .. : o1 h h- i w d'.t.. .. ., i, re, I'n th i .tw n f B ;n d




t o a.i f e .a.yyeate we ... re.. I a dy it wa hi ,t gro at ety tt e
feare him m el dI n h i I .. I I .wthe .. a .dn .
u kdeh feyme thke wstera .... *i *

























oh. 1.o hm n wtru t, and e o p t a w hw aiead
-id te u i. L.HI ; ~1,1 1. .1 0? a s d e d e sa id at g a te not w ytode l mech"




-ard mto -1 hsad ta it te ni ee. e y w e no a resevaton
had reason to belie t .,,oo.. he
Ah e sf t u t n e wo hntdhlf a i ardy ad ev t l e i or,
h aea, a tN hiw t hedith



etng tn at te Ed u at tetittlie as itert weaI arto e a he oor a et llmaki e ohm mI a Ier A n



So lands we T theme d ight s bth ,atayn ah joined o rp aesida twea
tadcgagew iti. the. met time mwae th e a y "p"t ati 'd into o 6h-trowad.i hlmeae thr
ottherle tore at tia t ty eaol r me o to hae s frld item e to e ml ed, tht l tore a tiera an d th re




Sahtho i stun s ng do hoed w th er anked, wich I gte for, fi-tha we ho tdt
cty m A l O Tl tert w a a t e ie w a ye pea rad; d m te afe nt odse ot o 1th-e it aff,
horet t dia t te as td mhe w ithhey i mad e Fiday pes away withh e d. Tr wd o sri




wards th-e lad wthh hadmethi nt ,, tot at ,o I- t at tlw ,are, a te dy yaerfia aitgr e a tht I th onrewig thiemito fh-
-d ert it a, tha wd a" t terae eod other o ne by ife asl to t he a h omofm ftt H, d ay inhe
at tot e t.. hot i .,he F. d a.. erht ea ot I e the p it aA t Aw thl e d dap nll w t m datar a neIto
apnhr tolawt to ate kde= ot tat the Whhte te te tt
".a ,'.. t .'i h a ihin atawae thed ratteIre t tedr a atthia p art l at tatreode Wii he p
.. .. '. a on then tet et tat I ne wa ordered-fi egn s m we admitted thl d h le a nt orrei pnden o


he hai i royl ,I hea aro te ahem the byia hy i trg i l t m if n them t yhaw f d mn w het



-I 'i ..h 't ,e OR Theyweii n t h.i atareale h trIute, tht he atel of myai wndefdplaaeser i
aiig o fieu s angoeawehiread a; ht ou r hn toktheydetli tm, freulw htaei ae thia d at yafi Im m.




-' i .,whtat t o four thatwoeth oeswe
f-aaad-imoideaba. t-,ture.1 f to thlthe trei a on erpone ft ef a A

ah'.iy' a ., she lw er i sa a ...hdo in me rea t emnt orea nt ;a e l gret tort a eath a h at n myor Bind; andeht
Thetet day ia iw the ao ta l l eat ea ket w het wg ire t -e g dietry felled r the it a d ad, n s outh of the f hira. ori toe tr
aer t e the adho atud t ta thee he feryatthei maere awee hy wero rmwey itbat lid hadaet = lr eairt
tow. .haf andwatt mttni eee he wtaty meid s i.ftt ledientir al int three a e tdagy,
'i ii.' i Ii; r. aeraftaremgapthirhlItehreehstet triator atdwhsrtdatdar'hrtymAtlemahe




they, orgaatehe fd we mire t a t we eratoag ta r migh t he haod le y terl aria they lli, wth t ne i ayti nte earo brtham hi a eit

Late to d ~ eh e ha tt wa h oti w heft e r m e ti m e rI'rwth n it w t f r t t ou wh py w r ly wt h re d t h et i t t far t h a s h e af t
t e t t haeIdeghwith -bt h a rttad ygtd the shit ter
Batththi d e i ,t a t a tt at at dirr wit a. the, hay e apthe maya gdraa awy w theat dtan T y wea tba trie.t
thewarther eat e ~rinwthem ra salue it wererete r atq I t ed peiatm they ha.d hdlrd m ter Fra too the with a, a ft fould obtain am that itwas. with
o t that three or fourtfatdwtitdemf e eme d efitt that fet b at them the

aide ftierre whtd !it bewas, t m af d the --e, ear -tdl d .ereed : iI th er did .know, fle f r r -atiron the gm -ayst -, and obliged the ptfir thaftad




LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE. 67


some linen, which I had brought for a present t my
partner.
He was a vary getnroo, open-hearted men- although
he began, lie me, with little at first. Though he knew
oot that I had the least design of giving him anything,
he sent me on hoard a present of fresh provision,
wine. and sweetmeato worth above thirty moidore,
including some tobacco, and throe or four fine medals
of gold: but I was even with him in my prent.
which, as I hove mid, couaisted of fine broadcloth,
Eflgtih stufs, lace, ad fine holland; aim I delivered
him about the value of one hundred pounds sterling, in
the wue goods for other uoe; and I obligd him to tot
up the sloop which I hal bhoulht with me from
Ensland, as I lhve said. for thle use of my conloy,
in order to end those efreshment I intended to my
plantation.
Aceordingly, he got hands, and finished the sloop in
very few days, for she w already framed ; onil fgoe
the master ofer o r sucl istruectons thmt he old ot
miss the place; nor did le. a I l an account from
my partner nfterwarde I got him oon loaded with
the mall cargo I t them; and onof oour eam en
that had been on here with me there, offered to
with the loop and ttle there, upon my letter to te
governor Spanil to alot him a sufficient quantity of
land for A plantation, and on my giving him ome
clothes and tools for his planting work, which he sid
lie nnderetoal, having been an old planter at Maeyand,
aul a hucned r into the bargldn. I roouraged the
fellow by granting all he deirl ; and, a ll addition.
I gave him the savage whom we had taken prisoner of
wer, tohe hia sle, and orderl tile governor Spaniard
to give him his share of everything he wanted with
the rest.
When we ame to fit hi man out my od partner
total me there wea a certain very honest fellow a
Brazil planter of his acquaintance, who had fallen
into the displouro of the Chure. I know not
what the matter is with him," says lie, "hut, on my
conscience, I think he is hertie in his heart, and
lie l]o been obliged to onceal himself for fear of
the Inquisition." He then told me that he would be
very glad of such an opportunity to make hi escape,
with his wife and two daughter; and if I would let
them go to my island, and allot them a plantation, h
would give them a smdll stock to begin witih--for the
officer of the Inquisition had seized all his effect and
estate, and lie had nothing left but a little hoehold
stuff, and to slave; "and," adds he, "though I hluoe
his principles, yot I would not have him fall into their
Ihnds, for le will be assuredly urnedo alive if he does."
I granted this presently, tl joined my Elstma
withthhem; ad we 0oetoaled the man, and is wife
and daughters, on board our ship, till th1 loop put out
Sgo to s a; nd then having pt ll theiroods o
Itord some time before, we put them on od the loop
,fter she was got out of the bay. Our oman w00
tigihtily pleased witl this new partner: aud their


was worth all the rel some materials for planting
sugar ano, witl some plants of canes, which he, I
mean the Ilretil planter, undettood very well.
Among the rethe he Iupplie sent to my ten ants in
the islbd, I sent them by the sloop three milch cows
and five scales, about twenty-two hog among them,
thee sows, two mares, and a stone-horse. For my
Spniaeds, aordig to my promise, I engaged three
razil women to go, td recommended itto them to
marry them and use them kindly. I muld have pI o
cured more women, but I remembered that the poor
perecuted man hId two dau hters, and that there were
ut five of the Spoiard. toat wanted paertnet,-the
ret had wive of their own, thoogh in another ountey.
All this cao arrived safe, and, an you may easily sup
pose, wa very welmmo to my old inhabitants, who
wre ow, with this addition,hetween sixty and seventy
people, besides little children, of which there tre a
great many. I found letter at Londo from them all,
by wy of isbon, when I came back to land.
I have now done th the island, and a manner of
discoue about it: and whoever reads the rtt ofmy
memorandums would do well to turn his thoughts -
tiely from it, and epect to read of the follies of
tn old mm, not warned bylis own harms, much le by
lose of other men, to bewan; ot cooled hy almost
forty years' miserie od disappointment--not tisfled
ithprosperity beyond expectatiot, nor made caution
by oteflion nd ditea habeyond example.
I hd no more lametotmtog to the East Indies than
man atfulllliberty has to to the trnkey at New-
gate, and desire h to lo him p among the pioneer
there, and starve him. Had I taken a small el from
England, and oe directly to the island; had I loaded
her, as I did the other veal, with all the ne.arie
for the plantation, and for my people; take a patent
from the government here to hae seemed my property,
in ohbjetion only to thatof gln d; ad rried
over cannon nd ammunition, servant and people to
pant, and taken poereion of the pl r, fortified and


teengecmd it in the name of England, and increeme tion of pluMm Journals of our voyage, variatiot of the
it wi people a I might eily havedou: had I then comp latitude, tead-wlnds, &e.; it i enough to
settled myself there, and tent the ship hock laden with nme the porter and plab e which we touhed at. and
good rico, as I might ala hoe done in six months' what occmred to ta upon our pamtgfrom one to
time, and ordered my friends to haer fitted her out another. We touched firt at the island of fMadgeaar,
again for our pply-had I done thiand stayed the hore, though e people erm d tmherou
myself, I lod at leat ated like a man of ommmon dvery ol armed anea ad ba, which they
sense. But I was poweoad of a wandering p irit, mad toe with inonoeivable deterity yet we fared very well
orneed all advantages: I pleased myself with ing the tlht theo awhile. They created ua verycvilly; od lor
patron of the people I ploal there, and doing for them some tribes whieh woga them, auch to knIaeI Letom,
Sa kind of haghlty, maj.ti way, like t old patri- e. they brought t eleven good fat hdlok, of a
archal monameh, prvidg for them as if I fho bheon middliZng siot widch wu took in, partly for fr pro -
father of the whoo family, a eol a of the plantation, iions for our present pondig, and th re tto Mat for
But I never n much a pretended to plat in the ame te lip ue.
of any gotemrment or nation, or to acknowledge a y Wo ore obliged to y hmm ome me tr w had
prince, or tocall my people mtbjecta to any one tioe furnislod oum lvtn with mvimo; and I, wito ..
mor thlan nothr: ny. I never l o much a ov the t ways too curious to look into o very nook of the world
place a name, but left it as I food it, belonging to where Ime, went tore ate ofte a Icould. It
nobody, nd the people under o diipli or govern- was the he oast side of the island that we went on horse
meat but my own; who, though I h inluen over one evooin: ad tlte people who, by the ay, e e very
them t a father ad benefoator, lad no authority or umta, came througio aohat us and stood gamti
power to act or command one way or other, further at us at a ditlano. Aa we ad traded lfreoy with them
than voluntary mootnt moved them to comely. Yet and tud been kindly uaed, we thought ousmlvesa n o
even thi, had I stayed there, would have done well d, ger; t when wo saw the people, we out three
enough; bnt a I rambled from them, and me thtre hough out of a tree, and stou them up at a distane
no tore, the last letters I had from any of them wer from ; which, it seem is a mrk in that country, not
by my partner's meao, who after ards sent another only ot a truc ano friendship, but when it i. accepted,
sloop to the pleo. and who tnt me word, though I had the other side set up thmo poles or boegha, which i a
not the letter ill I got to Looma veral jyer after it signal tat they aep too; t the tru ; bt en this Io
as written, tat they went on but poorly, oore discon- a known condition of the truce, that yo are not to
tent with their long tay them : Ott Will Atkim was beyond tlherthhree pole towards them.northeytomme
doead,-tat five of theoSianirdwere mcawy,-.and pMt your three polo, or beuho tow Ids you o thoat
though they had not been much moleted by the you are perfetly orr within the three pole. and all
vage, yet they had hol some skirmishes with them; the spae hbetwon your poles sad their is allowed like
and that they bagged of him to writo to mo t tthinkh of a market for fre mtnvere.taffic, andonmme. Whoen
the promise I had made to fetch thm away, that they you go there, you mnst not wrey your weapeo with
might tiroutry again before you ; i they m int that space, they tick up
But Iwas gotto a ielgootos hte, indeed! and tley tlio javolito aod sance all at the L efiol, .nd mine
that will have aoy more of me, must hab mntntt lo onurmed; but if any violono is oflered thonemmd
follow me into anew veatiety of fallie, hardshlip, adl the teue threhy broken, away they run to tho polem,
wild adventures, whein the jutie of Providence may and lay holdoftbeir weapona,dthoettcei atan end.
be duly obarved: ld we may see Ihow easily Haven It happened one evening, when wo went on mhoeo,
a gorge us with our own dtires, make tle stronpost that a great numberof their people am down than
of our fithes be our affieton, and punish us moot usual, hut all very friendly and cleil; and they brought
erveely with thosovery thing whidchwo etlhnk it world t oveml khinds of provisions, for whichwe l atliafied thm
be or utttmot happines to be allowed to poaaos. with such toys a we had; tbho womooen atio brought u
Whether I had business or no bunt away I went: milk ad root, and several things very acptable to
it is no time now to enlarge upon tle oo or abr us, and all ws quiet; and we mode t a little lent or
dity of my own onduoet, but to memo to the history,-I htt of aome bouggh or trees, ad lay on shore all night.
was embarked for tle voyage, and tleo voyage I wont. I know not what was the oecauion, but I was not o
I shall oly add a word or two eontargo my honest well tisfled tolie on sbo a the remt; aed tle boat
Popish elergyman,-for let their opinion l us and all riding at a anhor at about a stone's ast from the
other heretics in general, a they call ut, ha ht tt u d. with o men in her to tafo roe of her, I mdo
caittble s it may, I erily belief e thit man wat very toe of them come on thore; and getting tome bough
sigr., and will the good of all met: yet I believe of tre to ver us also i tle boat, Ispread tie sail on
hoe oul oerve in may of his expressio, to prevent thle bottom of the bat, end lay under the morer of the
giving me ofatrt; for I saerco lcrd him once cull on broth of the tees all eight in the boat.
thle lltessed Virgin, or mention St. Jago or lia guardial About two o'clock in the morning, we heard oe of
npol. though sommoouon withthe il rot of them i How- oo men maho terrible anolse on ie ahor, selling out.,
i t. L. ,-i ., i .rterilty for God' sake, to bring tho boatin, andom tanod halm
it t .i ._ .i t-. -i ,..eo, if them, for theywere all like tobe murdeord; ttthi
.- i tr .-i ... I, I.ui ame time, I heard the fim of five mUohet. which wu
would strive to visit oven the poor Tartars ad Lap- the number of guna they had, tad that tree time
landers, where they have nothing to give them, well over; for, it aeems, the ntivt here were not to ly
a elvet to flo to India, Persia, China e. the most frightentod ithl guns a the tuoage were it Amerit,
wealthy of ttie heatle ounttric ; for they expeeld where I had to do with them. All thi hile I ho.w
to bring no gains to their Churnh by it. it may well hb not what wa the matter, but rouig Immediately from
admired howr they mne to admit the Chinese Confuius sleep withtho noie, I caused the boat to be thrust in,
into the nleondar of the Christian ints. and resolved, with three fnsees we hd on board, to
A ship being redy to sel for Lisbon, my piots priest ln d and astis our men. Wo got the beat soon o tha
asked me lee to go thither: being till, ar ho ob- hone but our men were in too moh hate; for being
served, bound never to finish mny voyage lie bean, ome to tim short they plunged into the water, to et
How happy it had beoan for me if I had gone with him l to the boat with all the expedition they mold, being
But it wa too late now : all things Heaven appoints pursued by between three aod four hundred men. Our
for the best: had I gone with him. I had never ad so men were but nine in all, and only five of them had
many thins to tt handful for, and tlIe reader hld fuee with them; the rest ld pistol and woerd
never had of the ond prt of tie trails and ad- ielRed, but they wer of small use to them.
venture of obinaon Crusoe; so I moot hre leave ex- We took up seven of our men, and with diffolty
claiming at myslf, ad go on with my voyage. From enough too, three of them being very ill wounded: ane
the IBazls, wo made directly over the Attic Sea to that whieh was till worse w, that wtile we stood in
the Cape of Good Hope. and had a tolerhably good thle boatto ae ourmen in,we wrein mueh danger
voyage, our ours generally south-east, now the a they were in o hor; for they ored their arrwso
a storm, and some otroay winds but my disasters at n upon u so thick that wu wre glad to rricade the
ea wer at an end,-my future rubs and eros events side of the bat up with the benches, and two or th1
wer to befall me on shore, that it might appear tleo looms board, wlich to our great latifaotion, o had by
d as well prepared to habe our scourge a the mee accident io the boat. And yet, had it bees day-
Our hip was on a trading voyage, d had a supe- light, they e it e sch exact arkmen, that if
cargo on board, who w to diemt all her motions after they coul hve mon but the least port of anyo of us,
she rivl at the Cape, onlybeing limited to a erti they woudhavebeensureof. Wehad, bytelight
number odaysforstay b charter-party, at th e of the moonalittl sihtofthem, a they stood peling
portssle m w to goto. T his a noo of myh usinet, fromtthe shore widrte ad rrows; nd having
neitherdidI meddle with it; my nephew, the captail, got redy our fire-arm, we gve thm a volley, that we
and the uperargo, adjusting all those things between would hear, by the riea of some of them, bhd wounded
them a they thought fit. We stayed at the Cape no several; however, they stood thu in battle an ry on the
looner than was needful to take in fish water, but shore till break of day, which 0we ppsed wma that
mdethe best of outr for thoe t of Comode. heymighteethe tter to take their at ut.
We were, indeed, informed that a Foneh m f- In this condition we lay, ad kold not tell how to
of fiy gun andtwo targe merchant hip we weih our anchoror up oe r t p il, became we mnIt
for the ladies; nd as Io oew w oe w at war with ae sta.e d op in the boat,d they were u e to it
Fte,Ihad some apprehensions of them; btt they tu o wewee tohit a bird in a tee wity Bdl ahot.
went their own way, nd we heard no more of them We made imal of dit ton e hlp, iand twog mda
I chll not pester the reader with a tedious dearip- de league off, yet my ephew, the nepth, iag





68 LIFE AND ADVENTUmBES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.
o firing, and by glasses pereeivig the posture we lay and I the other. We neither aw nor heard anybody one bnut *me of them might cape it being in th.
in, andthat wefiredtownrdetheahore, etty welluder stir whenwe landed: and we arhed up, onebody at nightthough the moo wa p; andf one pe, h
stood us andweighinganchor ith allspeed,he stood a distance from the other,to the pla At first we would rn and raise all the tow, ao they should hve
as near the shore s he durst with the ship, and then could see nothing, it being very dark; tillbyand-hy a whole army upon them; on the other hand, if they
sent another bat with ten honds in her, to sist our boatswain, who led the fit party, tumbled andfell ent away and left those untouched,for the people wee
S i .. i em halt awhile; for llsleep, they would not tell whichwaytolook for th
r -- r-r at they were at the town: however, the lastwa tho best advice,ethey
-r they witedfor my reoledtoleaothem, andlookfthetwnawell
tohalttillthemothehey would. They went on alittleway,andfodund
S, ,..-oldo inlessthann owtiedtostree; this, theypreentlyncluded, wold
,- i i -r thehavoc we hd beagoodguidetothem; for, theysaid,thecowrtainly
I,,I I iI .1 .. .. .. -., ', I ,'i 1 rty-twu bodies upon belonged tothe town before them, orthe town behind
: -- t quite dead;some them, nif thy untied her, they should see which
S. ,- .' 'ff, and one hishead; way she went: if ahe went bach, they had nothing to
As oon n wecr got from between the hip d the t s tat wer wounded, we upposed, they hod my to her; but if she went forward, they would follow
hiem, that we co ld lay her ide to tihe shore, she ran carried away. Wh.en w had made, ar I thought, a full her. So they cut tle ord, which was made of twisted
i to the Iknowledge of, I flags, and the ow went on before them, directly to the
1 ,I .' i i .. .thoboatswain and his town; which. oe they reported, onisted of above two
S. '-' -ereesolved to make a hundred house or huts, and in some ofthese they
S : i hesodogsa,e theycalled foundseveral fdiliesliviugtogether.
,olongwiththem; and Here tey found all in silence, s profoundly scm ro
S -.- ... .. still f edthey should, asleep could makethem: and, first, tey coled another
nl, indeed, our lupreonrgo who hid been often'in they did not doubt of getting a good Ioty; and i council, to consider what tey d todo and presently
might be they might solved to diido themsolvo into tlo bodies, and so
find Tom Jeffy let thee houses on fi in three parts of the ton, and
there thaes the or the men ime out,to arie them ed bind them (if
moon's nme we had ny resisted, they need not be olked what to do then),
ltot. end to sca h the rt of tie loubse for plunder:
Hod they -tto but thtleyreelced to Imbsiletlp fiet through the

,'









































tc, ri. l ii
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r~ ,. t, ., r," ... J .;'- "." -. .,. .' '. --
i t 11. ,- ,. [) ,= i ,r i ,il ,.,L .l i r r. [ l 'I ll d t ",. l [; .. = : l





LIFE AND ADV RNTVRES OF ROBINSON CR1SO. 69


yet nt n showing what eig-enoe we might be i, he took
another boat, and with thirteen meo and himself came
ahor to me.
He ws surprised to see me and the sumpercargo in the
boat withthhan two men; and though he was
glad that we we well, yet he was in the same im-
patience with us to now what was doing; for th noise
continued, and the flame increased; in short, it was
next to an iposibility for any men in the world to
train their curiosity to know what had happened, or
their once for the safety of the men: in a word, the
eaptin told me he would go and help his men, lot what
would come. I rged with him, as I did before with
the men, the safety of the ship, tho danger of the
voyage, the interest of the owners and merchants, h,
and told him I and the two men would go, and only ee
if weo uld at a distance learn what w likly to be
the event, and come bk and tell him. It as ion vn
to talk to my nephew, it was to k to the rest befo ;
lie would go h said; and ho only wished he had left
but ten meniC th ohip, for he ld not thinkof having
his men lost for ant of help: h had rather lose the
ship. the voyage, and his life, and all; and away he
I w no mo able to stay behind now, than I was to
persuade them not to go; so the captain ordered two
men to ow back the pinnace, and fetch twelve meo
more, leaving the long boat at an anchor; and that,
wlcu they cao back, six men should keep tho two
lats, and six moore come after ua; so that ho left only
-ixt-u men in tle ship; for the whole ship's company


* .. re, we kpt no
S 11, ,I ithe dome. If
ot 00 -o .. befotme, the
cries of hepoor people were now qoito of another
i. 1 I '' I mt confessIwas
at the thing a tow
by toom. I hed liead of Oliver Cromwell taking
Droghedn, in Irelmdl, .. .. men, end
chil; Ull had readrl _, .. thdoclty
of ,..i ., 0i.roats of twenty-two
thio i. lid lide of the
S. ', o to dsribo it,or
t athb ingit. How-
evr, wo went ou, 0. d at length mo to the town, though
tlere wo noemring the otebrotfittootloofie. The
first object w0 mot with was th0 ois of a huot or houle,
or their thoi nslra of it. for the hous weas onsumd;
edi just before it, plai ly 0ow toio seen by the light
of the fre, ay four mo aod tl0oe women, killed, and,
am wo. thotlght, ono or two mom0 lay in the heap amoog
the Gme in short, them wero suto instanees of rage,
oletog her barbou 0nd of a fury something beyond
h -t wo.L hyui thaot we thought it impossible our
neo wouldbegilty of it or, if they were lo au thors
of it, we thought they ought to h every one of them
putoe toe worst of deths. lut thisowas not oil we
wihw the fire inceased forward, d the ry went 0n just
fuion. We dvlned little wy further, nd behold,
to our astonishment, three 10ed w omen, and cyi i
Smot dreaodful maner, came flying as if they had
igup, aud ofter them sixteen or 0eventee men, natives,
in thae ro r andm nst o n en "tiono i0th 0e0 of our0
English bothers in the rear, who, when they would not
ovlrtoko tlmem, fid in among them, and one th0atas
killed by the shot fell down iour sight. Who the
rt saw us, believing u to bo their enemies, and that
w0 would murder them as woll as those that pursued
torem, they s0t up i mot dreadful shriae especially the
wom.; and two of them foil down a if already dead,
wit the fright.
ly very soul shrunk within me y blood an
bill i, my v-is, wln Isaw this; and, I boliove, had
the thr0 e Engl ailors that pursued them come o n I
had mode our m0 n ll them all;0 however, we ktd
son mnsto let th poor flying ereat res kno that
wo would ot hurt them; and immediately they ame
up to us,and h feeling down, with their hands lifted up,
madt piteous lamentation to ;u to mao them, which sh
lot them know we -ould; whereupon they rept ltou
other in a huddle clea behind 1 ,as for poctio.
I left my men drawo up together, and, charging them
to oort nobody, but, if possible, to get attsome of our
people, and see what devil it was possessed thm, mnd
wlat they intended to do, and to command thm off;
assuring them that if they stayed till daylight they
would hav hundred thousand men aboot theireaimo
I say I loft them, and wentamong thoeb ying people,
tigoly two of our men with me;and there.
idoe, a piteu ospetcl mong thom. Someofthem
10d their feet.terribly burned with trampling and
running through the 1re; others their hands bred;
oneof theo women had fallen dow io the fio, ndws
very moch burned before she culd got ot gan; and
twoorthree of thoe mn hdcut i their ho and
thighs, from en men pursuing; and another w shot
t01ugh tho body, m Id 0e wo theor.
I would foi have learned what the ooaSoio of at


I


I


this wao; bnt I could not ndennd ooe word they
mid; though, by sigso, I perceived some of them knew
not what woas t tme oaa he l Iwas so terrified
in my thought at this tgus attempt, that I could
not stay therebut went but went back to my own men, ad
resolved to go into the middle of the town, through the
fire, or whatever might be in the way, and pot an end
to it, cost what it would; acordingly, as I came baook to
my men, I told them my solution, and commanded
them to follow me, when, at the very moment, came
four of our men, with the boatewlin at their bhed,
vinhg over heaps of bodies they hod killed, all ove.re
with blood ad dust, ao if they womtod more people to
massacre, when our men hllooed to them as loud as
thy would halloo; nd with much ado one of them
mae them hear, that they knew who wo were, and
me up to us.
As soon as the boatswain saw ut hoa 0t up a hlloo
like a about of triumph, for having, as he thought,
mo!e help come; and, without waiting to hear me
"Captain," says ho,"noble captint I am glad you
0cme; w have not half done yet. illanous, hell-
hound dogs! I'll a many of them poor Tom has
hairs upon his head: w veh som to spare none of
them: we'll moot out the very nation of them from the
earth;" and thus he'O n on, out of breath, too, with
action, and would not give us leave to speak a word.
At lot, raising my voice, that I might 0in00 him a
little," Barbarous dog!" said I, what a~m you doing ?
I wnt have one ereatoue touched mor, upon pare of
death: I charge you, upon your life, to stop your had,
- Why, sir," ys he, "do you know what you do, or
wht theyhavodoao? If you wt a reason for what
we have done, como hither;" and with that he showed
mo the poor fellow hanging, with his that cut.
I confess I ws urged then myself, and at another
time would have been forward enough; but I thought
they had caused their rage too far, mnd remembered
Jab's words to his sons Simeon and Levi: Cured be
their ger, for itwas fir; andtheir rath foritwas
oruel." But I had now a new task ponmy nds; for
when the men I -arried with me saw the sight, as I had
done, I ad mueh to do to restrain them as I should
have bd with the others; nay, my nephew himself fell
in with them, and told me,in their hearing, that he was
only conceded for fear of the men being overpowered ;
nd as to the people, he thought not one of then ought
tolive; for they had all glutted themsrlvs with the
murder of the poor man, and that they ought to be
used like murderers. Upon the words, away rn
eight of my men, with the boatswain d his crew, to
complete their bloody wor; and I, seeig it quite out
of my power to restrain them, came away peosive aud
ad.; for I could not bear the sight, much less the
hoorible noise and 0 ries of the poor wretches that fell
into their hands.
I got nobody to come back with me but the super-
go and two men, and with theo walked back to the
boat. It w a vry great piece of folly in me, I
onfeo to vo.ture ack as it wre alone; for t s it
began now to bo almost day,and the alarm had run over
the cotLy, therm stood about forty mn armed with
lances md bows, at the little place where th twelve or
thirteen houe. stood, mentioned befo%.; but by naci-
dent I misd the lace, and camo directly to the
seaside, and by the thmo I got to the seaside, it was
broad day: immediately I took the pinnace mod went on
board, and sent her back to aoist the men in what
might happen. I observed, about the time that I 0cme
to the boat-side, that the fir was pretty well out, and
tho noi abated; but in about half ln hour afterI got on
board, I heoad a volley of our men's firarms, mod aw
a grt smoke. This, as I understood afterwards, a
our men falling upon the men, wh, a I said, stood at
the few houses on the wayof whom they killed sixteen
or seventee, and st all the house on fire, but did not
meddle with the women or children.
By the time the men got to the shore again with the
pinnace our men began to appear; they ame dropping
in, not in two bodies as they ent, but stealing he
nd there in such a manner, that a small for.e of
reoluto men might have out them all off. But the
dreed of them -w upon the whole country; nd the
men were surprised, and o frightened, that I believe a
hundred of them would have fle at tloe sight of but
five of our men. Nor in all this terrible nation was
there a man that made any osiderabl defence: they
were surprised between the terror of the fire and the
sudden attack of our mte in the dark, that they hew
not which wy toturnthemselves; forif they 1 done
way they were met by on party, if bah again, by
another: thatthey were esorywere knohed do0n;
nor did any of our men reive the least hurt, except
one that sprained his foot, and another that bad one of
his. hand burned
I very angry with my nephew, the ption, and,
indeed, with all the men, but with him in particular, u
well for his ctin so out of hia duty, ommander o f
the hip,ma d having fhe ohoge o theooageon him,o
hh in h prompting, rat than ooulin, the oogo of h% i
blind mm, i m boody mnd col m tim My


ophwmow mn very rapeootoully, but told me tha
r he w the body of thpoor m uo m whom th.y
hId murdered in so cruel ad barous a manehr,e
Snot muster of himolf, naithor would he govern hi
puion; he owned hoe should not have doo oo, a he w-
commander of the hipi hot he ws a mmu ad
nature moved him, he could not bear it. A for the
restof t they ont not subject to me at all.,d
they knew it well enough; O they took no notice of my
dislike. The next day 0we t sail, 00 we n0ver h1nl
any more of it. Ou o men differed in the aoount of the
number they had killed; but according to the bhet of
thedeir atouts, put all tgethr, they filed or destroyed
about one hundred and fifty people, men, women, and
doildoen, and left not a house standing in the town.
Aa for the poor fellow Tom Jeffry, a he ws quite dead
(for his throat was so cut that his head was hl off), it
would do him no .0 -ice to bring him away; 0 thoy
only took him down from the tree wherho woa hoangin
by one hand.
Howevor 0ust our men thought this action I wa
against them in it, and I always, after that time, told
them God would blat the ge; for I looked upon all
the blood they hod that night to be murdor in them.
For though it is true that they had killed Tom Jeffry,
yot Jeffry as the aggsor, had boken the truce, n
had ill-used a young woman of theirs, who came down
to them inocently, ad on th faith of the public
capitulatiou.
The .batsain. defended this quarrel whon we were
aftorwanl on board. He aid it 0wa0te0s that we
semed to break the truo but really had not; and that
tho war wa begun the night before bytho nati ve jl em-
olvM, who had shot at u,and killed one' of our tmen
without any just poeoation; o that a we war in
apaoity to fight them now, we might abl be. In a
capacity to do oaelvea jutice upon h them in'M eoar
olioary manner; thatthogh the poor man h .taken
a i liberty with the gil, ought not to hove bee
murdorod, and that in uch a vilnu manner; nd that
they did nothing but what was jost and what the l0 o
of God allowed to be done to morderes. One would
think this should habe been enough to have warned' u
against going on shore aonget hethens mod bharinns
butit is impossible to make mankind wise but at their
ow peno and their exoperieuo seems to b always
of mot u to them when it is deareet bought
o were now bound to the Gulf of Peria, a from
thec, to the roast of Coromandel, only to touch at
Suot; hut the chief of the superargo's dogn layat
thoe iny of Benogl; where if ho missed hif btodne
outward-booud. lio was to go out to China, and return
to thtcoat ho cam home. Tha first disaster that
befell a was in tlhe Gulf of Persia, where fv of our
men, venturing on thor on the Arabian aide of the
olf, we sounded by tho Arabians, and either a
killed, 'rrid a- y into slavery; the root of the
boat's Vcow w not able to recue them, and had but
just time to get off their boat. I began to upbaid them
with the jlot retribution of Hoave in this Ose; hut
tle boatswain very warmly told me, lie thought I went
further in my censures than I could sow any warrant
for in Scriptue; and referred to Luko iii 4, where
our Saviour iutiomtea that those men on whom the
Tower of Siloam fell wer not sinners above all the
aldlcons ; but that which put me to silence in the eas
was, that not ono of them fie men who were now lost
were of ths who went on are to tho e muao of
Madagascar, so I lways alad it, though our men could
not bear to hear the word masaere with any patience.
But my frequent preaching to them on this subject
had worse consequence than I expected; and the bo t-
sain, who hod been the head of the attempt, came up
boldly to mo one time, and told me he found that I
brought that affair ntinually upon the stage; that I
made unjust refletions upon it, and had ued the men
very ill on that a-ount, ad himself in particular; that
aI was but a pasengr, and had no command in the
ship, or concern in the voyage, they ere not obliged to
bear it; that thy did net konow but I might have .ome
ill design in my head, and perhaps to call them to an
ac.eont for it when they came to Enghland; and that,
therefo, unless I would reol to have done with it,
nd .1.also t to on mylf ty furt th with him, or
ny of his affaoi, he would leave the ship; for he dil
n:t think it afo to sail with me among them.
heard him patiently enough till he had done, an
then told him that I confessed I had all along opposed
the mas=ocr of Madagascar, and that I had, on all
occasions, spoken my mind freely about it, though not
more upon him than ny of the rt; that tol haing
no ommand in the ohip, that wo true; nor did I000
dise any authority, only took the ibty of speaking my
mind in thins which pnblioly concerned us all; and
what concern I had in the voyage was none ot hi buIit
ness; that I was a onslderable owner in tho *hip. In
that claim, I conceived I had a right to speak evet
furtther than I hd done, and would ot bh =otmmofibl6
to hh or y o e ee and bgn to be a little wr
with him. fle made bat little reply in me ot that time
and I thobght tho ffa ha d been o e W ae
tho time in the road at Bengal; ad being wttl into




70 LIFE AND ADV ETURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.
eethe ple, went on here with the superego, in without me; lowever, ny ephew left metwo servant the th hod, mine o the notion of a mad,
the hip's ot, to divert mysef; and twards evening : t th, er ne mpanion nu oe sernt the fl t wa& s nmbl ig b, tht never o s to si a thing twiun
S -1 -- f : i l I .1 -aged to go withme er. But th snotall:I hadaindofimpitien e
S- i ii -I . I then took ago up me to e er home, ad yet an unettld e
r 1 : '"' .. ... i' .- ir gihwomn, where solution which i y to go. In tho intervl of them








S ...... .. .. .i t he n s c es e I cou alwys carry my whoe we d apie, wih vy prt, to th

i.nl ti'lah t in kom, log lirgue nd During my ty here, many proposal wer made f .. .
. ..y m .ph Onh ptin w,










ie whole as they pretended, iv ugh- im so sickly that toi
bligion to me it











could not pot out 1 -i i t. in -i -.. -uho onlr ery -,o hpt ien ded d 1 not t i ti ,t












1 -.5 kp
T e o r o i ole hero his



















clriotn ofi .* i t i .. .- i



































overland into France. I had anotr way before ii ,i. e d a and w owthe lat
i C, i i i, ,' i ', 1 i I i i i i i i i i ,_ ,, i ,', r -. I I i i a, v











wi heototreoe. tho o1ethee1 m ay r s i i ,. i ii i '' c I f I ii an..... Im t e I sl d w "ee th e t. I I









S. i., i. i e c s, o i










S i i r -r ..... .i r iid p iug a leak.. but could not discover where it was.
Ts t o make some port; and my partner i ,i i si
w Itha t hlw ` i '. i 't by 7 t ii. mend "I ,.. itd. e, no i -.
. ..np o t .. .. ''' .. I et _, of th ie m ores, as we etimodt I tohr hli
r. the wlg o f w ou lM uhI


















t ,1. .I .. i fii ii- i i ,ti. i. pe it lh t w di.. i i no




fi h t it t i pr .ii my .e'r
gI u I I I Ie Td IIa to tlr m t I I I.-I.I Ig I 1 i b o.ld i" t I way w ith
I i n M e n .r n J. ... i i I- ,, it PontI 1 I -m. 1 P l e mt





LMFE AND AD VBN7,URE OP BOBIITSON CRBiSOE. 1


who knew the country bettor than I did, dirsted thoe thbk God! but weigh anchor, then, immnolitely."-
captainto put into the rive of Ombeod; for I had "Weigh!" 1 ys he; "what do you mesa by that?
made th ish mate one Mr. Thoemp aptoia, What is the matt? "-- Ak no question," said I;
not being willteg to e the charge of the ship pon but et eall bhds to wk, and weigh without losing
myself. Ths rir liea on the north side of the greet I minute." He ws surprised ; however, he called the
by or gulf whih go U to iro. Whila e r pts and he immediately ordered the anchor to b
hesed going ofton on h oreo rofreshmentthe got up; sod though the tide was not quite down, yet a
omer to mone day sa Englishman, gounne's ate t ttledlad-breeoe bowing, we stood out to sea. The I
on hoard an English ast-India chip, then riding in called him into the eabin, and told him the sorry; and
theo rie. "ir s e, ddsiog o or d ith msen, nd they told s the rest of it;
e stranger to me,and 1 to you ; but I hve ome bt aa it took up a great dal of time. befo we h
thing to tl youthat very nearly ner yo. I m done, seaman comes to do, to the abin door, d called
moved by the imminent danger you are in, and, for out to us thatthe ptai bade him tll us we were
aught I ee, yon have o knowladg of it.--" I know chasd by five slop, or boats, full of men.-" Very
no danger I am ino,' id \ "but that my ship is leay, wel," said I, "then t is apparent there is soetl Ung in
ond I not find it out; t intend to ly her it." lth odored all or men ot be called up,d
aground to-morrw, to se if I n find it."-"But, told them there was a design to sei the ship, dad to
sir," says he, "lky or not leaky, you will be r L s for piroto, and ake= them if they would stand
thn to lay yotu ship on short to-morro, when you by us, d by on other;, then nowerel heerfully
hear what lhve to ray to you. Do you know, si, on d a, thatthey uld lived di with s. Then
sid he, the town of Camboi lira about fftoee I asked thcaptln h what y he thought best forusto
league uop the rivr; snd there ae to largo Eglish manage a fight with them; for ret tho I s resolved
hip about fie league on this side d there, we would, and that to the lst drop. He said readily,
Dutch"--Well," id I, wht isthatto me?" that the way was to kp them off without great shot
-" Why, sir," sid he, "is it for a man that is upou a ngas we could, sd thn to use our mell arms, to
such adnturs as you are, to come into a pert, and keep them from loading us; but whe neither of thes
not examine first what hip there a e th nd uld do any longer, we would retire to our close
whether he is able to doa with them? I suppose quar tsforperbaps theyhad not materials to break
yo, do not think ou e a match for them ? I could ope our hulk heads, or get in upo Us.
not iv what he m t; and I turnd "t short pon The gunnerhad, in the m time, orders to bring tw
him, snd said: wish you would explain youlf; guns to bear fore and aft, out of the staernge, to clear
I nnot imagine what reaso I have to be afraid of the deok, snd load them with meuskebulloet and small
ay of the Co pany's ship,or Dutch I m no pi of old iro, nd wht e next to hend. Titus
r. Wt n they he to y to me" we made read for eight; ut all tis while w kept out
" Wll, sir," s he, ith a smile. if you thi yor- to sea, with wind enough, d would see the bots at a
self teurs, you must to pour ehaoe; buht, to my p diotanes, being five .rge longybrats, following us with
aie, if o do not put to s immediately, you will all the sil they would make.
thevert tide t e attad by e lng-boa full Two of those boats (which by our gla we would see
of ma, ad prhp, if you es tsen, yo will be were English) outsailed the rest, were naor two leagues
hengd for al prte, and the prticulsa bo aind ahead of them, nd gained upon s considerably s that
aftrward. I thought, ir," ladd h, "Ishoold hae we found tby would ome up with us; upon wich woe
met with a better reption thao this for doig you a ired a guoo thout hll, to intimate thot th.y should
pieeof sei ofsch impoertneo."-"Ianeverbe ring to: nd we put out flag of truce, as a sigoa for
tngtflo ," oaidd I, "foer sy soeie, or to oy moa= parley: but they omse crowding after us, till within
that offers s m any indnes; but it is pst moy shot, when we took in our white flg, they having made
Oprehetion wht the shold hae such a design o answer to it, d hn out a rod flag, nd ird at
o mefor: howerr, yo sy the s no tim them with a shot. Notwithstanding this, they came on
o he lost, ndtlt there ie some rr tnoos design on till they wre ne.r enough to all to tho wit a
hand agonstm, Iil go on board this minutoand peking-trumpet, bidding them kep off at their
potato i f oos sot ut s smymen tan stop the lao peril.
hut,r,"saidI,"s hall I go awey igoatof eas theey tto= 1oo;th yrot wdld aftersasndl ex voed
of l this C yn eougigie ma not ftherlight i into it ome dr our s o o to ard th on our
I an tolloyo buht pert of the story, oir,"' sys heo; rf quhter; p w eg they wreo resolute for
"biet Ie hosoe aouh samu a heor with mo, od I b- mishidf, s =p ed upon t strength thatlolod
lie e Itould peerd him to tll you theo t; hot the o, I rdee to ing the ship to, stht tl
there ito re timforit. But the short of the s pon our brho ids he immediately e rd e
is tolls-ths rst pert of which I soppos you kos guos at theaoeof which hod been lsolled sotrueas
well enough-thatyo wres with tistsip at sou ta; htoyarrwya the st-m of the hidsermot boat, oad we
that thre your aptin as mw ner l by the Mgloys, then forced theeto tohe dowt their sil, ad to n all
with d of this men and tht yoneorome of those to the head of the boat,dto h hebr from o inig; t
tht w o hared with yo, ean ay with sp, she layy and nougho itht seig the f ost
andatsin, e tued piratsa. This to the sm ofthe t oht soweo on aftose swde e ad tr osi a t he tin
story, i n owil allbo seeds pihta, I rnsreI ptio r. While third w doing ons e of the thboaro o t
oo, yoan d eeotd rwith r e cit ersemny; for yao thahe ot wfhith e hod di-
unow mrchaent stoh shsho het itte aw to pimtes, if abled, to alireher, nod we would. se h tara out the
they gIt them int. their po wer"- Now yoa speak men. We thnsclled agt etin o the sforposet hat, ond
plarn Etilish," soid ". ndI thok yoa; nd though offered a ruce, to prla s ain, ad to niow what her
nothiseo thing t we hr sedo.o tihe whet wh tyou htk besnss as with ou; but had no asoeo, otl y she
of, for I oa sur w e r ome honestly and fairly bythe o wed lotondes oo stn. Upon tht, onr go er,
ship yet losing such work is dieg, aor oe sy, snd who wt a very doeterous fellow, ean ot his two i se-
that oun e to mean o b I y will bhe pon my gou, la d sein ot her, but t hot miing, the
gurd Ny, ir," ys het, do not tI a of beg mn i the boot sheeted, wr=ed the crp aond oeri
pa pey youor g ad tho beht dafaete is to ba o at oflon. The gnne, getting quiclh road gtain, fired
doangs. If ye hadve sanyo rg rd for your lifs, od tho aonog thom aseod time, one shot of whirh, though
lie of l yorm es, pt to sea owtht il at high it isderbt oat itef, yet foll in moog the e ad
water; an ls you hoav a whole tide hd a befo e ys we oauld easily see did a groat dal of mrishief among
illhe gone too f out hefor they san come dowe; them. We a ew wore the ship goin, nd brought our
for they will romh awy at thigh wa or, and they quare to ear epon them, and torig thre gnst moe,
have twenty milhessto oomes till gear two hou we found the bat wt alms it to pioes; hopar-
of them by the doiffersne ha the d tide. wot hidou g te iulr, her udde a ud a pi of her st u erehot
the lIngth a we .dr they dronlyo bots, qouitoe way; to the handed h er sil immediately, a
iand not ships, they wi not scnture o follo you fe werr i great disorder. To complete thaor misfortune ,
out to soea peoialy if it blows" "Wellt," said I. our gunner tt y two gas at them agin; where be
"tyou hse hens ery i in this: what shall I do to hit them wae noln aet tel, but we feoud tse beat wts
moae you 0moeds l -" 7YSir," ys he, st mao ot sinkio, en d soeba of the me athetdy in the water:
de rilling to mave ansy reard, horyo you may ue open this, I immediately monea d ot our pinace, with
notes roinaed of the truth of it. I will maes aordrs to. pis up s=e of the men, if they ormld, and
offer to yn. I hae nine n months' pdue d to mo soae them from drowning, ead immedia tly ome ong
on bond the ship -, which I b amot oof Engsnd boan ; ship with thom, beoruse we saw thb dest of the
in; and the Dutohmn that with me hat seaen boats hbegantocoep Our me in the pinnoa e fol-
monthd' pey doe to him. If you will make god our towed thoedr e, ad tom sp thor en oaonof whom
pay to as, e wil go satog with poe; if pou e n d jb droning, and it w a good while before we
nothingemorsin t, wil desire no mre; ot ifr weoeuld roor ahim. s soee they were on board, we
do eenoor on otht we ha e sa red ar t ndi o, the d crowde eall the sail we old make, nd stood farthe
ship, nd the liresfll th menr ino ho llw y ee s out totheas ; nd o. d thot when theroth boats
the rest to u." sina epto the fst, they g re y o-s their she.
I ronst to dthi adily, aend went iro yoeditely on Being ths delivered nra l rihish, wough Ih
hoard, and the two with ome. As oo as I cmse noersot doreuoo e of ite t seeed to emu dhgraor
to t us ship's side, my pitner, who pas hard, ame than I appehem nded, I reolnd that we should ohango
pet Iat those oartede, a" d called to e, with a ordw ouset d n it oit sapy too oo whitherwe wer
greatdeal of joy, "We haer stopped the loea,-we going: o we stood ot to u eastward, qhuit o fot aftdo
here stopped the lek!"-"' you ot said I; rnosf to e European ships, whether they were b to d


to Uhiom or unywOhere oio withiu the eommeso of the
Europoan natiuh When we wuro t se we begpe to
consult with the two suamm, and iu utro what the
moaning of all this should be; and the Dtuchmn con.-
firmed the gumner'satory, about thle fsalo alo of the
hip and of the murder of the optaio, "aI lM how
that he, this Dutchman, and four mor, got into the
woods, where they wandeord about grt while, till
at length Ih made hi ope, and swam off to a Dutch
ship, mhiel woo ailing se iho horo i. its way foom
Ho then tohl us that he went to Batavia, whero two
of the eamuu belonging to the ship arrived having
ldesrtl thoil ret ir n thtir travel, tnd gave au count
that the fellow who h.d run away pith the ship soid
her at Buugal to a et ot pirate, who were gone
a-eruisting iu her, and tt they hlad already taken au
ongitth ehip ad two Dutch ships very richly laden.
This latter part we found to .concm us dir.etly, though
we knew it to be falset yut, sa my partner mad, very
joetly, if we had fall nto their ituds, sld they halt
haed such a proposasuu agsiust t beforehand, it had
been in vain for us to have dufrudtld ourelve, or to
hope for any good quoter at their hands; espeoislly
onsidoring that our er hai been our judges, an
that we could lave xpectod nothing from them but
what rage would have dictated, and an ngoveroed
pouoan have oxcutod. Thorofe it wa his opinion
wo should go directly bck to Bengal, from whenoe wo
oms, without putting in at any prt whatevr,-obeoamo
thero we could giou a good acounat of soa0elw., old
prove wleo we were when the ship put in, of whom we
bought her, and the like; and, what was more than all
the rest, if wo were put Ipon the necessity of bringing
it before the ploper judges, we should be sure to havo
me jouhce, and not to be hegd first,and judged
I was w om' time of my partner's opinion; hut after
little moro seriooo thinking, I told hlim 1 thought it was
a very great hzard for us to attempt returning to
Bengal, for that w were ou the wrongaide of the Btite
of Malacca, andthat if the ainrm wes gven, wo should bo
sure to be waylaid on every side -titat if oe should be
takenas it wore ranming away,we should even condemn
ouroelveo, and there would want no moe evidence to
destroy us. 1 ako haed the Bnglish sailor's opinion
who 1a hie wes of my mind, and that dwe ehood
certainly be taken. Tht danger a little startled my
ptoer, and all the ship's comopoy, and we imme-
diatoly roaolved to go away tothe oat f Tonqun,
and a on to the maot of Chino,--nd, pusuing toe
first design a to trade, find ome y or other to dipsao
of the hiped veoere be to o.se of the r-s o the
country, such aa wo could get. Thie wupprved of 0
the hbet method for our scrity ; and aEordingly we
steered away NI.NE. kheping above fifty leagues off
from thoe usuul oua to the f u tward. Tit, however,
put us to *oms inconvenience: for. fint, the witdos
when we ome thao t ditant e from the sios, seemed to
bo more s etlily against us, blowing almost trade,a
we call it, from theI E. and .N.E. o tdt we were
long while upon our voyage, and we wre but ill pro-
vided with victuuls for o long a run; and, what wse
still worse, thee was some danger that these Englih
and Dutch ship, whose bat pusued us, whereof a emo
were bound that way, might oves got in before us, and
if not, some other slip bound to China might havo
information of from them, and ptm.e us with the
-e vigour.
I moat confeo I wsa now very oney, and thought
myself, including the late esope from te long-bats,
tohave been in the moat dangerous condition that aver
Iwas in through my pest life; for whatever ill sirm= -
stoanea I hd en in,Iwa never punued for a thief
before; nor had I ever dons anything that meoitod.the
name of dishonest or fuoduleut, much le thievish.
I had chiefly been my own enemy, ors as I may rightly
say, I had been nobody's enemy but my own; but w
I wwofully emburuh ad; for though I was perootly
innoent, I ts in no ronditioo to make that innocence
appear ; and if I had been toen, it ho been nnder a
fsppo"sd guilt of the worst kind. T s mad me very
Mxouo to make an escape, though which ay to do it
I know not or what port or plero w would go to. My
partner endeavroured to eoourago me by deTcribing thI
vel port of that coast, and told me he wold put in
on the coast of Coclhin China, or the Bay of Tonquin,
intending afterward to go to Macao, whers a etmany
Europsan flunilire soitted,-snd particular y tho tu-
sionory priestsawho usually went thither in order to
their oIomg forward to China.
Hiths then we resolved to go; and, accordingly,
though after a tedious course, and verymuch stritened
for proviions, we aroe within sight of the roaot ry
early in the morning ; and pon reaction on the pt
Mrostonoe of danger wo were in, wo resolved to put
into a tmll river, which, boweser, had depth eonogh
of rate for s, aod to see if we old, either overlod
or by the sip' pin ne, ome to know what ship woe
in my pert thab ot. This appy stop a, inded,
our deiovesnce: for though we not imesdetoty
os any Buropean ips in the Bay of Tonqupo, yo tho





72 UIP AND ADV.NTtURES OP RO.IDNSON CA.JSOE.
next morning theecame into the bhay two Dtchb hips; the ship, a well as to pa the seama where he bad pilot onbad whonowing to be an Europeanship
and a third without y coonk spread out, hut which caulher to stop the leUts had got two kettles just mame to offer i mice, which, indeed, we wre glad
we belieedto be a Dutchman, passedby at about two let down into the boat, oneiled with boilingpit, and of andtook him on oard; on whih, withoutking
league' distance, steering for the coast of China; and the other with rosin, talow, and oil, and ach t off as whither wewould g, he dismissed the bat heame
in the afternoon went by two English ships steering the the shipwrights use for that work; and the man that in, and sent it back. I thought it waa now so much in
m u; and thus we thought we saw ourselves attndedth carpenterhadagreationladle inhi hisband, o choice to make the old marry us hither we
t with enemies both one way andthe other. The withwhich he supplied the menthat weatworwith would, thatbegantotlktohimahbout carrying uto
plfce e we in won wild and barbarous,--te people the hot stuff. Two of the enemy's men entered the the Gf of Nankin, whih is the most northern part
thieves by oncupntion; and though, it is true, we had boat where this fellow stool in the fore-sheeb; he of the coat of China. The old man said he ew the
nut much to skh of thon, audm except getting a few immediately saluted them with a dlefulofthe stuff, Gulf of Nhin very well; but smilig, ased what
boiling ho, which burned and scalded them, being we would do there ? I told him we would sen llour
. i ,, 1, L lf ed, dt they roae out lik bulls, a enrd, ed argo and purchase China lwar, alioes, raw silks, te,
from bhig insultl iy tlheon several wys We were with the fire, leaped bth into the s. The carpenter ought silks, c.; and so uld return by the s e
i tlieoutry,. within a few lag of w it and cried out Welldone J! give them me course we aoe. He toldus our best port wold have
Sh i ,. nrthwal: hai b u onr boat we mo of it:"andtpineforwa himsef, tke oue of been to put in at M o, whe wo would noth failed





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st' k p t e i o .. w e., -'e fa rl.. .. t e. thei me i. t. w I
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teelvefi nt oI e ing-olay hal t ven ein tel nne, ei now witthe wlaingdy en ehe gotweherst w w into a oeih hee
Sie d n t or eei o i IeI it, ht laid id e of aCh d.o i i t h i l ,wo .l h t th at;c foe a I l p, all tho neel de yu
ther- bene end droIged hint he oin fosee ou of ti ni in tho
oI thyt we he to whw it in e the it whe
.... er d Ia 'U-Y" ha al ad r y..










t h f i e n d 'n ,gt t h h e n n a n.n e t h- t t e f l o .u o t o e.nt. a w a t. e... t h Z y t i .w n o t
st whether it ok th h t _nhe w.le t ha w ie rr wi
.. ... d e.... t ,m it t .






o I d th o fi t t b ia h eof ih l n o t y h e f t ; e Io



thist ofit attomptod to wmte the tout.tsint thiwaet aye; heing w ite e, inne hallo m aslateei
ind al t, dofo ndit ho t he i, l w td n nh of tt t ywewlch wd e w o e p.lanted hee t y a D Itc etttt a t n tow h w th oe
dtsie ontter nghthe au coon weh hn, fomtetospplosyd postawe feho d wins a t; ted ih ost ose h, tql w fe me sr and that to r slght wet einfy ate

h~t hm ti e w l t han t oette p so e t n t

wo te tt -d Ihey p ij lit fhe e






ZP~ AW b A rND MTURE'S OP ROBINSOY CRUVSOE.


e gey, ,ed be w- am loeat es I w I the
ored the old pilot if there was no creek or barbour
which I might put into and pursue oy busiest with
the Chinee prI teoly, and be in no danger of l he
enomy. He tod meif I wold sil to the outhwaed
about forty-two lenue there wa little prt called
Qonhng, where the father of the mimon usually
ndod fom aao, on their progre to teach the
Christien religion to the Chinee, and whero no Euro-
hips ever putin; andif I thought to pt in there,
might conidr what further course to take when I
wa on shore. He oofaed, he said, it was not
ploce for merhanto except that at tom certain tim
thy had a kind of a f the, when the ome ant:
from Japn o.e over thither to buy Chines merchan-
dier The onme of the pert I may perhaps spell
romug, having lost this, together with the n. s of
tieoy other places set down in a little pockot-bookl
which wa spoiled by the rter byan accident; but
thos I rembcr, that the Clhine mrerchants w co
reouded with called it by a different nme from that
whhli our Portuguese pilot gave it, who pronounced it
Quoiohang. As we we-e unanimous in our resolution
to go to this place, we wghod the next day, hav"
ouly gone twio on shore ther e were, to got
water; on both which occasions the people of the
country were very cil, and brought abundauce of
prison t ll to us: but nothing without money.
Wedid not omeo to the other port (the wind being
otY) for five duya; but it w very much to our
satiofactio, aod I woa thanlkul, when Iset my foot on
shore, .o ng d my partner too. that if it we pos-
sible to dspose of ourlves and effects any other y,


i- ^, .I i. I... a ...Olh.l lIr





nd Dutch toptuiua to be meno iucpaublo of henrieg
resou, or of distinogirhing betworn honet men
urogo: or betwon a story alulatedm for our own tun,
iu 0 out of nothing, on purpose to deve and true
genuine amount of our whole voyage, pgss and
laigu; for wo might mny ways have convince ay
roaoaublo Oat t hr t we wer no pirate ; the goods
wo hul on board, the oure we atoored, our frnkly
slowing oursIelves, rand entering into such and such
porta ; adn evL our very mnner, the force we had, the
number of men, the few ams, the litt71 ammouito,
short provisoo ; all these would have oererd to cn-
vin tmel that we wre no pirates. The opium and
otlr gomls wa had on board would moake it appear the
ship yhd been at Boegol. The Dutchmen who, l it was
,,, .-1I ii .. i.

board. These, and mnyotler particulo ciroamota,
might have made it evident t tthe undeort.ding o
any commander, whose hands we mighl fall int, th




ipp. e t suppsda indeed eveibody had
re d to tt the men o oard thoe Yglich end
Dutch ships, but especially the Dutch, were so enraged
at the nm of a pirate, and especially at oo r beating off
their hoats and eaping, tht they would notgive thom-
solves love to iquire whether we wore pimtos or ,
built would esreutos off hand, without giving o any
rom for a defento. Ve reflooted that there really ws
so much pparent evidence before them, tt they
wouldscarce iuoire after any more, as fr th, t the
ship was rtuinly the e, nd that sme of the seamen
n them kw her, and had been on award er; and,
senodly, that when we had intelligence at the riwr of
Camoor i that they wre o nmig dow, to eumie us,
o fo t their bats and fled. Therefore we mode no
iloubt ut they were as flly atisfied of our being
pirte a. we were satisfied of the eontray; nd, as I
often said, I know not but I should have oon apt to
have tke those Oircumstancer for evidence, if tho
tablm wre turned, and my mase w theirs; and have
mode no rupleof cattig all the .rew to piece, with-
out believinogor perhaps considering what they might
hbve to offer m their defence.
But let that be how it will, thm were our apporehe-
sio ; and both my porter and I e ce leopt aght
witbout d iream g of .ld t ad yol.ar...; o fight,
d heing taeU; of illing, and being killed: aed oe
eight I w in such a fury in my dream, fooying the
Duthmeen bhad boareded sm andt wo Ooonbg 00 of
their aMteo down. that I *truck my double efist ate
the sido of the rabin I iy in with suoh a force
wo uded my hand grievomly, brohe m y kbeuklee, rad
cet .d beruled th fleh, ao that it aamed me ot


USeV6Z 1-UETil 1. c-U. Illy LIFK DBEA
I cannot refrain taking olimo herm what rflectios I
now had upeo the vt variety of my portloulr cir-
eircnmatanres; how h rd I thought it that I, who d
spent forty ye in a life of continual difculties, and
was atlot me, as it were, to th prt or haven which
Sll men drive at, i. to have rest nd plenty, should be
a volunteer in now sroro by my owon unhappy
choir; and that I, who had acapel so many dangrs
in my youth, bhoud now come tobo hand in my ohl
age, and in so remote a place, for a crime wzich I
w 0not in the least inclined to, moch lea guilty of.
After thme thoughts, something of religion would come
in; and Iwoold Mo msidering tat this seemed to me
to be a disposition of immediate Prvidene, and I
ought to look upon t and submit to it lsuch. For,
olthougl I was innocent am ot men, I was far from bei
innocent "a to my Maer; and I ought tolook in and
examine what other crim in my life were most obviro
to me, and for which Providerce might justly inflict
this punishm t o a retibution; and thus I ought to
submit to this, jut a I wold to a .hipwre. I ift had
pleaded God o have b ght uch a disasto r upon me.
In it. turn, natural oo u ge would sometime ake ite
plore, end the. I wooldh tollg myself op .".gort
reolutiom; that I would notbe tehen to be Obahront7
od by a poal of mredleo wrotche in old lbb
that it were much better to have falte into the haSnd
of the sames. thobghb I w. sure they would feast upon
me when they had takn mo, than thboe who wonl
pehbaps glat their ree Upn me by inhuman tortuae
and brbeurim; that m the cmo of the seyea I


of my sleep. Another apprehm enon I ho d wm the -roto
Swe might meet with from them if wo fell Into
their hands: then the story of Amboyn re oe into my
head, and how the Dutch might perhap torture ts
they did our muntrymen there, and make tome of our
men, by extremity of torture, confess to crime they
never were guilty of,or or own themseles and all of Is
to be pirte, and Bo they would put uto dtli with a
formal appeura ce of justice. and tht they oiaht be
tempted to do this for the gain of our ship and cro,
worth altogether four or five thousand pound. )W
did not consider that the aptains of ships have no
authority to act thus; aud if wo had surndered
prisoner to the, they would not answer the destroyig
u, or torturing s, but would be accountable for it
when they me to their county. However, if tlay
were to t thus with ua, what edvmtuge would t be to
us hat they should bo aled toa anornt for it ?-or
if were first to bo mu ered, whatet letistien would
itbe to u to have them punished when they came hom o?


aIwy reaolvod to die fighting to the lost gap, and why
houldI not do to now ? Whenever thla tlaoughlt pro.
Tailed, I wu ua to put myself into a kind of fever with
the gittation of a auloa ed fight: my hlh t would
boil, and my rye,. .r l, os ittf .we. a o, real I
always resolved to take no e lartort at thlir ilnale; hut
even, at last if I could rst uo longer, I would blow
ip tla ship and all that ws iu Ihr, and leave thum but
little booty to boat of.
The beater weight the anoirtirea nl porplrxotir o(
these thin were to o th t thought while h w oi e at so ,
the greater wo our atisfaotion when we rsw ouroltvs
on hore; and myportne r tolr me he dreamed that lie
bad a ry heavy load niu his' bak, which he bos to
carry p a hill, anil foul that ho wa, not able to stlnd
longer uder it; but that ii i" ri .-.n i .,
andtook it off lis bock, L. "" r
ground before him appearin. all smoth and plain, nn t
truly it wa so; they wore all lilke mon w h a a load
taken off their hacks. For luy prt, I had a wight
token off from my hear t tlot it wiW noIt oble lny longer
to bar: and e I said above, weo rsolvdl to no more
to se in that ship. WPlh we an0 e on thor the old
pilot, who ws now our frinadl, gut us a lodgig, together
with a warehouse for our uol; it 0wan little hbt,
with a larger hoosou tljoining to it, built and aIo
palisaded round with olmr.s, to rrp out plfore.a, of
wbhieh there were not a few in tlnt country: however,
the magitteH allowed us a little guaro l nol we had n
soldier with a kind of hall- ike, wlo Btuol ntlnrl at
our door; to whom wo aloowe l a pint of riro, and ,
piece of money, about the venlae of thaopence, per

over some time,: hover, w de found that tIre oe-r tg
or four Joneb in the river, andt two sIip from Japan,
with goods which they had bought in Clin and were
not Tone awny, having some Japanese merchmnt du shore.
frt thing our old Vortnitue pilot did for us
wasto get us ltunintrl with thre nalsioiury Romioh
priest who is the town, .nd who in the town, d who hd been their
mmo timo mnvertine tahe pomple to Christisnity; but
we thought they madr but ltor work of it, and modo
them but sorry Chreatian wlr they hnlad done. Oo
of theOe we. a Frenchmn, hom thle y .llhl Father
Simon; another wna a Portuguro; and tho th third a
Genomse. Fother Simon wes ourrtoue,nd very egroo-
ble company; but the other two w ore mor nscrvl,
smede rtgi anl, natorr, end ipplird seriously to thle
work they rome about, vi. to "tlk with and i;inunto
themOalvre among the inhabitants, whlever thry had
opportunity. We often at'e ant drunk with thaoe tmn;
d though, I meut confess, the onver~iuon, as they ll
it, of the Clnesa to Chriatirolty, is so far from the
true moverien rloirdl to brino then ltoplo to
the faith of Clrial, that it s Il. to amount to little
more tha-letting thlam know th, name of Christ, and
ey ome pryey to tle Virginu Maly and her Sou, in a
tongue whioh they understood not.'.an to rmo tbom-
lvre, and thd liko; yet it must be ronf.Orl tht the
regligoultst, whom we call mseionarrls, I. \ a firm
belief that these people will be aved, aunl thAt \ y are
the lotmrumets of it; and on this aount they uledr
go not only the fatigue of theo oyago, and the haltro.
of living o such place, but oftCntimS n dmal itrlfr,
and the most violent tortotro, for the mike of this work.
Father Simon wts appointol, it seems, by order of
the chief of.the nilaiou, to go up to P"kio, and weiled
only for another priest, who wa.s Eorder to mo to him
from MIcaro, to go ulong with him. Wom caoe ever
mot together but ho waa inviting me to go that jouroey;
telling me how le would allow me all the glorionm
things of that mighty empire, and, among te ret,
Pekin, the greatest city in the world; a city, id he,
" that your Iondon and our Pnrls put together canot
be equal to." Bout as I ool on those things with
different eyes from other men., so I *bal give y
pnio of them In a fw words, wh,.n Imonoe Dtho
orom of m toyrae to poai more prticurly of them.
Dining rwth Father Simon one day, and lting very
mtrry together, I showed come little inclination to go
ith him; andep my ped ASrtr very hal
to m ent. Whh, father," say my partnm should
yo dmire onr company so mutchP olt bMow we ae
bmti, and you do not lore U, nor cannot Op t
hmpany with any plasr."- Oh," y, he, y'e.
maprhp be o atholi in t0ime0 my bhoo-
here sto convert heathcns, and who knoba It leoy
convert you tooP"-"Very well, father,0 soid 4,"T
yoo will preach to os all the wayP"--" It l not ab
troebleome to yell," ays he; "or religion dee not
divest os of good mnunerr; beoido, we .a he b Ht.
mt en.; and so we re, prd to tiepI e w
ino; andi you ae H Iugoneto dI C.&tl, we
may ll be O Wbi. at I.t; at eeat, we m Nt l
Ds to o be ao.tb ." I liked t11 puait hite diSMmm
thay woU. std it hogan topest we o tthed of mo prtec
ti bd lfti tedlts; bt Pthao en d ilue
come op to h-et b ahme by f i g0Qet dtlt to L
this f bhhad no omlnotn of a erimiatl lestdy In him,
yet hehad not tltl ed ofmd btt k ina to, rtPtY ,




74 IP9, AND ADVENTUES OP ROBINSON CSMSO.
anol oret offucti.o to religion, tlhat my other g md iem agd alnotam athn il he f, it -seeed eUWge to me, wh-n me t hm e:
Ieot h thip ndea free4iip od th Ge ern ed o n ee Ttebt~htp
-, I,,, to go te Aetle en the ee~t ett giyh magnieetmom and tntaeof t.he tihes-e hefaeneM
.I him a lieece to ltoad ttem, aud to nfetnoI awthey appenredto beoatemptleheed



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LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF .ROBINSON CUSOE. 75
coming br the houo of a conty gtleta, as lather interpreter, for h understood the lnnoge of the, four months and me daya before all tlig wre ot
mon called hi abot tn league off the city of coun and spoo good Frenh a a little Enlia. together,
Nankin, we had first of all the honor to ride with Ind this ol man was most uful to us vryhe It was the bei of Feb y Ne Syle when
the master of the house about two miles; the state he for we had not been above a eek at Pekinhwohen e wet out frmein. Mlypart.r aud the old pilot
rode in wa perfeetDon Quixotism, being a miture came laughing. Ah, Seignior Inglese," says he, -I had gone expren hk to the port where we hod irst
ofpmp and poverty. Hi habit was very poper for a havo something to tellwill mak your heart glad."- putiu,to dispo of mee gIs which had leftthre.;
...ery-adrwbeings dirty lnd o, with haninng e heinrt glad," ay I; hat can that bo Idon't d with aChineemmro ntwhom I had som know
as, and cuts and slashes almost on every ide : it knoo anything this country cn either give me joy ledge of at anin wd who mes to Pekoin n hi own
rvel a taffetyvot, ao grey a to testify that his or grief to any great degree." "Ye, ye" mid the old affwr, went to NLkio, where I bought ninety pie
honour must a mos.texquisitesloven. Hishor amas main broken E ,gli," makl youglidme sorryl."- of oeo damaoks, with abootto hundrodpice of other
poor, starved, hobbling creature, and two slave fol- Why," aid I,"i it make you sorry ? "--" lause," very hne sdbl of eoMil metrn some mixed with gold,
lowed him on foot to drivo the oor creature along; maid he, you havo bought me here twenty-five day' and hodall thsolbrought toPolnaint my partonr'
he had a whip in hi hand, and hoelaboured the beast journey. and will leave me to go back alone; and whielh turn. Besides tis,o h ought go q t f rw
as fat about the hed his lave did about the tail; way shall I gt to my port afwad, witlut a hip, silkand some other ood, ago ottigthese
n -d tlhbs ha role by us, with about ton or twelve oer- without a hore, without pce?" --soohe aol money goods only.to about throt huadveo hundredpound
veats going feml the city to his country Beat, about being his bhmken Latin of which he had habundance to sterling. ;whileto'therw.it teaandsome finocaico
halfaleogue before us. Vo tarellt edn gently, bht make us merry wth In short, ho toldus them w a and other cmels' noadof utm ande loe.,loaded
tlls figure of a gentleman rode awy before us, and a great n of Muaovitnd Polish lerehants in tie in all eighteen caels for our ablre, heidos tohem w
e topped a village about hour to h cit,out ton their jou y by liod to trode upon; these with two or thre spare homes, ad
whenowecame bythe country seat of this great man, Mu y, within four or Rive t wek an he was u. two hooes loaded with provision, made together
e saw him in a little ple before lis door, eating a o we oul take the opportunity to go with them. and twenty-six oomels and hores in our retire.
repast. It w a kini of garden, but l was y to be lave him behind.togo back alone. The company was very great, an as near a I oan
seen; an weo were given to understand tlat ti moo I confess I was greatlysrpril edwith tlls good noew, reember made between tlhee and four hundred hore,
.,, _' 1' r ," l I e, and upwardsofone hundred ond twenty nen verywell
I ar nrmad provided forall events feorasthe eaten
"' I'r- 'r" '-' ." I -r -- ; t'i"is niravanaaresubjccttohbo attaked byte eAraassoare
.- .. an tlebyth rtto. Thcompoany insisted of peopl
i .- .., .,i of eralnatioas; butthererowe aboat ityof them
S' r*. '. ".- i-. I i 7'. I nmcrhauta or inhabitante of Mosow, though of them
.... ' : '.' 1 i *. is; .omoncrLivouinens; and toourparticularatisation
slav He hod two meore aoe of whom fed the udre now resolved to go wit the caravan to oeow, ad ao fivo of tho were Scots wo appeared also to ba men of
with a spooc, aod the other hold tileho dialh with oe down tlhe river alga to Astoae."-" Well.Seigior" greot experience in business, aoudof very goodsuahtnce.
hand ,n eopl off what he letfall upon hio womhip's says I, "do uot be uneasy about being left to go back When we had travelled one day's journey, the guide
hentl ad tnffety veft. loboe; if this be method for y return to E'lond. who were vea in number, called all th passoneir,
leaving the lor wretch to pleas himself with our it shall be your fault if you go back to Macao at all." except thle srvats, to a great council as they called it.
Wo then wcut tocun- At s1,h council, every oue depositoda certain quantity
sut together what was of money to a common stock, for the neessary expense
to b W doge" n l i of huyingformng ou to o ra where it as noothcn wo
.h- ed my p eer what t be ehl o d for mthefyigthe gth cid getting ho..,
S''4- "~~ haen thought of thoe an note bike. Hto,, too, they e tted the jro y,
a S A IE ii pila's wsod tlheyi l it via'they a med h ns an e o fc o
d rsuit[ raw us a p nd give the word of commed, in caso
with his .. .? He n f ....tta..nd everyonethei ...... f .....d;
told ma he would do Nor was this foocng ua ioto order my more than h oat
~~- at it wo alLd; fore we afterw od a neodfl oon thewa y.
S beo hold settled all his Tho raed all on tau aide of the country y is very
affair .o well at te- eopolon s nod is full of potto rsod eotholma ,to at
pa l, and left hieffrto s to my, people thoat tmo r the earth for tL Chi na
S'ch gael hoh wia re. A Itoat etl aisg wdhim g, our Potogaem pilo ,
that weo h ade who had always sometlii or otherto say to ma1 e us
a good eoycge, if he merey, told mo e would thow ma le groeteot rarity in
shouldd invest it in all the oun t, and tht I should have this to my of
Ct im Ml, .eeh hiee l roug ieo I tatton l the ill-ouoared tho go i to I aht aidm
i ,~ mad he ooulde nfo it, that I hod en onet tlio hieh ws not to be
Sgohtont tDo to lie- pa .i. all the world beside. owo ery .g wipatoan
lmd, and then taa to know hat it w ; at lt bhe toldmo it w mgootle-
hi. ,oyago hook to !dno hoolr e built with Chino re. "Woll," my I,
I e ngal y thle Clan- "are not the materials of thair buildings tha product of
Co uO E E I (IIILESE GEdTLEMeAaa ON THE [LOAD. ]y'olupo. their .. u tya "oaitillCinawre"otootp"

looioeg at him, at ifnco w o hirod se le pompe we t upon ithis, wer geed that if molr Portoetrea pilot Clleea ware, otuch as you ledl it in Euglaod. r it io
"uIted eeee diace. Father Sinou had the eoaoeity =ot ld go witu ls go wools h ear li a elwege to called in our ollctry, pomaldin.' "Well." taoss Iw
eoshyto ifof himen lf what dcaiotieasthe acotryjse uelOes, to Eangloed, if he pleased; n [ ... .i l. i e
tie had to feed on ial hie toto, whiehehoduh t re we. Ito eo steem aed over ee oinn'l ., s we e ... -,, a, -
onotar t tate rtofland which w I thoinkte sa of if we blnot eeordod him fetlherti c e e ,, .,i n ,
failed erie, with a great pi of galic, inh o dnlitt l done us being really worth more the.. g i -t., I, i.. e d a c, 'l da
larhllodeewithiagreen peppore and p other plantdhisa lTohaea te oly be a pilot to Eur at but be had Lives i rit."
they hee theromaethnog li, owginge, butsmelling wbee kihah b. grfor wonthoeh; c usrlof Ir astheocuainod mddto teoit; andahk tamt
like musk, HI tasting like mmtard; oll tliso put ao thl e Jap l mrehnt moe hs unled of podo ino to it, it was nothing but this: it wh r timber houre,oo
together, aLd an smallpieeoeaf lean mutton aale iit, orpoeot. So, heing willing togtifylim, which wa a house built, as we call it in England, with Ilnt and
cd thio wo him wa.hip's ropet. Four or fivan noe doing him usjeo e d i vmery willing tal to have him plaster, but nll tlis p latering wao really China ware,
aore rtteled at A distaoot, wea we se, opposed wpre to withu fbe side f mhef W net nali tmaoll tElcadto ,i it wEas stnead with th aththtmoie
eat of thoa un aftertheir master. Ae for ourmaodariu oesious, w e agreed to div him a qcmntety of eoril llina waea. The outside, which the osun shan hot
oitd whom co teavelle'l, he wo epsaeted a ain hki l, ohicha,t s r eehol it w wortl er un l nc cc on e d looked very well ,prfdtly white,
iunrende laways nit delei, gbtltmen, _ted tattolel ie neeetvie peha dee i usan d aotw eeato hear l in an d aplo ith lre igue,, wo the log e hioare
cllhiaappcoaneeaIwithsuchpo o that-Iaw little of ieisoelrgs, hoth for himself ud Ioree, eoeepttalya inEnglmdis hinted, andharcsifithadbeoenbomed.
letim buot at dtsotan. I obaed that themt oca. ot I heo to arry this golds. H'vino aettlwm thisowe As to the ini de, ail the wanll,aitead of aoonft weru
a hoet in his retina but that aor carrelee' p lacehoas ocrel, ceo o l hichm to lot him now what we iad lined with Ihadend and painted tile, lioe the little
in Englld seemed to meto oo much better tough aredl-e Itold him o e h hd mpginesd of our eng les re cwa llal llerytles in Eng.nd, lu mde of
eait haord to jude rightly, fa they wore t overall willing g e let him o bac alone, and I was now t the est Chi oaoned te figurar eoeeding Bine indeed
itel tuipago mantles, in e., th e wuld etote him t. deagicd he should not go hace a st le with oromadiouy vety ot ealoeor mied with g ld,
A e anything but thi t ad their heads o That a we hld resolvoet to go to Europe oith the miny ti making hut one figure, bt jaoind o orti-
they ent alon, and e tru ad an ta we were ved willing hoe hold go with us t iy, the morta eing made of thoamoe earth, that
Iwanow l pght-hearte ad m dalmy wte oabead aned o thtwe wlled him to know hie mind. He ahook itoas ery hardtooehermtlectl oimeot TheBloorn
lperplt beihog oei I had no naur thou htabout hi head d it w a ongit joaeaa d that h hd of the rooms re of lte ame option m h
me h ides journey the pleorater to me i i no ptur to carry him thither. or to suohist hm the arten h oos o re have mu h ae in several ot of
wbich ila l meidat attended mteonly in I tossing or whhen .a mo the. We told himweo believed it w Egland; a hod a steno, andumooth, ku toti e .od
fording a small rier, my har fell, md madem ma t md thWefre co had resoled to do something for m. pointed, eoept tame smaller emo, lhe .let,
of th untey,mthey allt-that i to-y, threome him ttt hooldleathi ms eeh oe ofthe whim.wereo ll, astwere,paodwnt]tathe meatio; th e
in. The plce cm not dep, but it wetted me al oer. service he had done no, d alo how agremable h wo eling amlnd all the plte og work in the whole hoo
I mention itbemo it spoild my pocet-book, whvrin to and tham I told him what ce hod resolved to coe of the msameet Im. 'on t alL, the rm1 cu
Ihkado etdow thooneooof eraol peopl m d ptoac give himhere, whieh h might lay oot we would do vered with tiles of the ime, ut of a ddp hiniog
whiehaeosio toremo ee, md whie taking our own; and that a for hi ehrge, if he would go blnok. This a China wDuehooe ihdaoed, tel wm
due toreof,themeavm rttodand the wordef enover o with os co would ot him infe 0n ohoe (lifoe d literaly to be alld soand hadIoot booeepon the
aftertobheod rutealatind etptd), either in oIaovyy or Enghand, w touao I oold hb tyed mm. ny toaeand m -
Atlagth c arrived at Peoin. I had nobody with would hoos, at .o oeg, pt ly. the m te pri of t. Thy tol me ther were
me bt tho youthao wh my nephew had g m to anrts of hi. goods. He roo eied the p to.l aoa ltnd h-tond in thoerd, al pveo th
attend mesoo aservr, mdwhonprmoed er teosty and man transport, r d told os he would go with o b bottom and ids rth tohe mmoe o a satue art
dlgoenat; ndmlyprtnarhodnobodhaywithhimhot am oer the wholo world; aod sto oie a proeporod too up inr thewa lmtirelyformedofmthepeooli
mrant, who coo a kioomo Au lor the Portoga or joarey. Howeer, as it wos with mu, i it was moth, :ooo ,obe. .
apiloS ho boW lsreos to too mooto ha hi th too oth memhotc they hod mws, thing to thinh i r o to iooti tt; of It thio of ty
ohre.io~hi~ camp", a for o ml o oe oo him or am do, mnd ktoood of being oml inro It ww may b ele htoo.o.Ih ot i!=; I anwo j






76 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.
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LIFP AND AD VBNTVURSB OF ROBINSON CRUSOB. 77
hion. We wanted, I hae id, above two dy eral got rioe, and two dr.adLd deowts; ao of the hideous idol, and with my sword mnde astr.k
rney of thi city, when meaenger wer t ep which we were txtoen days ping over; and, on the at the bonnet that was on ito head, and or it in
ey partof the reed to tell Itrvellr and rvn 13th of April we came to t of he Mucoovite tro a d oneof our meo that was witeh ettl g hold
hlt tUllthey had s gord .at for thm; thio tink the nttown oror fortru whiheor of the ehepkin that covered it, pul at 6 e,
uoal hodyof Tarter making ten thoun d mull,d it may be lled, thet hbelongd to the Oor, wM culled behold, a meat hideous outly ran through the vlle,1
leared into wy,boheuttlirymileabeyondthe city. l onabeing onthewet ido of theriver Argun. and two or thee houdred people camo about my
i wa vry bad news to travelle: however, t I would not but feel great tifaction that I was rare, Bo that I wa e glad to scour for It, for tome htd
Scarefully doo of the governor, an we ro very brrivy coun ty govtrld b y Christian; for though tows and rots; but I resolved from that moment to
d to hr we should have a guard. Aceordingly,two the Mumvite do, in my oplon, but just deserve the visit them nt. Our caravan reatod there night at
s after whd two hundred mldiers ent urom nam of Chri stian yet snch they pretend to be, and thie town, which was bout four mile ofr order to
rim of the Chineo o aur lft and three ohu edare vey devout in theiray. It would certainly occur provide ome... hoe which they wanted, overall] of iet
re from the city of Naum, and with the we to any reocting mno who travels the world as I have lorses having been loed ac d l aded wt the long
wncd boldly. The thee hundred soldier fro done, what hblig it to be broughtintotheold marehoverthrlaatdeseort;o weahods omo leisure he
m marcled in our frot, th two hundred our where the name of God and a Roeomer ti known, to put my design into e. ution. I .o.mmunated It
.and our men ou eah aide of our camuls, with our eador, andworhlhppd; and notwherthe people, given to tie Scotol rchomt, of whose courage I had ufficiont
7ago anod the wholo crvan in the centre; in this up to strong delusons, worship the devil nd rostrate testimony I told him whet t hd o, and with what
or, nd wellpre)mrdfor battle, we thoughtou=relre thomlvatomosteraelmotolhortl-ghapeulail, ndigotlon I .had since thought that human nature
botlh for the whole ten thousand Mogul TterS, if and monstrous image. Not a town or city twe paed onl .he o dlcnerto; I told him if I ould got but
St .... ,i t t hi day, wh.en they did through but had their pagoda, their idol, and their four r five men woll -rmed to go with me, I wo
i ... II tmPeandigoorantpeoplo worshipping evetho torks e esolvod to go nod dcatroy that vile, abominable Idol.
Laly in the morning, whca, marching from a little of their on hand. Now w o awhe at lea otand let them sro that it lol teo wpoer to help itself and
a fac of the ChTistian worship appeared where the consequently cullnotheanontoofworshlp, ortoho
hoor w asbowed to &J.: ad whether ignorantly or yv totoo.mtcloahrelptlom thatoffordacrlflesto tl
S not, et the Chrestian relgioo was oned,and the .c o at t forst objected to tomy plan .eau l. ,soeinog tht,
-i:" r t i l oh,, Otto God woe odald potoco md edored; tad going to th gross ignoonce of tice people, thty oulc
made my soul rejoice to it. I saluted the oav Scots not he brought to r'fit hy the lystonl I mnt to teach
mcrlcant with mty Irst acohrledgmont of thic; nd them; and oddot that, frem his nowlodgo of tho
taking hiro'by the hand, I sid to him," BIete le hod, country and its cbutoem, he feared we should fall into
we re ot again aroon t Clhristiano" IHo smilol and groat peril h giving offoene to these beutal Idol war-
answered, Do not rejooco too aoo, countryman; these elicppelr ThAl solmewiatstayd mypurpose but I was
uscovites o but an odd ort of Christiane; and but still uneasy all tlot day to pyt my project Into earu-
for the nome of it you may see very little of tho e taiu ; ond that evening ctio the Scot merhaent in
stulco for o olUO months further of our joncruy. our walk about the town, I gain called upon him to aid
S"Well," say I, "but still it is better than aganism, '" iu it. When ho found vol resolut he said that, on
land worelippig of devils. Wh1y, I will toll yo," further thought, lie could not but applaud the design.
says, hoe; i c.pt the duwian sohliors ill the gemron., cnd told me I should not golone, but o would go wth
od a few of the inlahitont of the cities upon the road, e, but ho would go first and bring a tout fellow, one of
oll tlo st af tlis country,, for above a tlousand miles hi" untrymen, to go alo with ;" and oo ,sad he,
further, L inhabited by t worst and mst ignorant of "c. famous for his zeal you c detirao any one to be
agoans." Aods,itndel, wirfoundit. against suchdevillsl things u tlcoso." 8oweugreod to
JWe ow laounchal into the greatest pitc of solid B0, onl1 we thee mnd my mtoaarvnt, ancd resolved to
S- earth that isto be found in any part of the world: we pot it into execution the foltloig night about mid-
-had, at lt twelve thoesac d mil.. to the se l eot- night, ithall osthibl secrey.
~ ~ 1 wad ; two thousand to the bottom of the Baltic Se,a We thought it bttter to dely it till the noet night,
TIrE T-uTAMLS IECO.NNOiTRE THE TrAVELLEM. we-tward; and above thore thouand, it we le thtiat because the oavan in hrg to t forward in the maorn-
eMa, od weot o west, to the British and Frenc.h tg, wo supposed tho governor could not pretend togvo
O adlled Chongu, we e lio a rivr to pass, which w, clauncia : we icd full five thousand miles to the Indian thor aytiofaction upo= us when we were oft ohi.
ru ohligl to ferry; and, hl tihe Tartars had any iu- or Persian Sea, south; and about eight hundred to the ower.Th Scots merchants steady in his resolution
licgooc. thon haml ben the time t.o hae attack us., Froen ee, north. fr tle enterprise a bold in eeeuting, brought mo a
u the caruvun being over, the renr-guard wao We advanced from the river rgca by easy nd Tartar' rbo orgowno of sheep-dlimandabonnet, wth
iind ; but they did ot appear there. About thOre modrato journey, and we very visiblyobliged to the a ow and arrow, and had provided the same for lim-
u after, when we wer utr upou a desert of care the C.ar hod taken to have cities and towns built elf and ois couu n, that thopeple,f they u
dut fhfte or sicoen miles oVr, wo new, by a cloud i many pla as it is poiblo to plaeo the, he d inot deterne whowe were. l fthe fret niLt
dust they rained, that tile enemy was at hand, and hie soldiers ee t o.am otiogthi le the stationary spent in mixing up sume comustible matter, with
*.e.ntly they came on upon the spur. soldiers placed by the Romans iu the remotest countries. tr, gpow der, ad other muttrial, as we
Uur Cliue guanl., in tio front, who hol toll of their empire; ome of which I ad read of were old t; goo q tity of t ia lttle
Sthe day before, bognn to stagger; al the sollier pl l in Britain, for til seuity of commerce, and or po, about an hour after night we et out upon our
,,0. I ; 0 ioam c ga u a tllo loging of travollers. Thus itwohere; fowher- edition.
S My ld pilot ever we came, though at these town and stations the am to the place out eleven o'clock at night,
of my mido; and, bhiug near me, called out, g sons d governors were Russins, and profesd andfound that ti people red not the least uspiion of
ignior Inglse, tl]oe fellows must be ecourago d, or Christians, et the inhabitants were mtro pagans, cri- ger attending their idol. Tho uight waholoody
ly will ruin us all; for if the Tartars come o they fting to idol, and womhipping the sun, moon, and yet the moon gave light enough to e that ft idol
II never stand it."-" am of your mind," said I; stre, or all tie hot of haven; and not only r, but vt !l jut in tole same posture and ploco that it did
oit what must he done ? "-" Done says lie, "let were, of all the heatheus and pagans tlut ever I met before. Tho people aemed to be all at theirrest; ohl
t of our men aodv and flank them on ac wingwi ith, tim mot harbarous, excpt ouly that they did not that in th great hut, where we sw the three priest,
encurage them. They will fight liok braveto t men's flesh.
lows in brave company; but witltout this, tly will Some instances of this we met with in the country
cry man turn his a'ok." Immediately I rodb u to htet oeen grouno, wlcr we eoter :ile I rusovite decain-
r lender, and told him, who was eoatly of our mind; ions, ad a dty of Tartars and Russiano together, called
bwrdiugly fifty of us marched to the right wing, and Nortziousy, in wlich is a continued desert r forest, -
ty to theleft, and the rat mtlo a li of rescue;and wid cost ts twenty days to trvel over. In a village
we matched lecetng the lost two hundred men to ctholat of theeplces, I hld the curisittytogo
hke a bodly b them lives, and to guard the camels; and e their way of living, whieh is most bruth and
ly that,if need were, they houldsdahundredmen sff ble. They d, I suppose, a grot sacrifice that
osist the lot ifty. dy; for thetoad out upon old stmtp ofatree
Slust, the Trtar me on, nd n innumerable ical kind of idol made of wood; it was dressed
npy thley wereo; how nny we could not tell, but up, too, in the most filthy manner; its upper garment
n thou ,woe thought, at the lcest. o party wef of shteep-sina, wit teae wl ouatard ; a great
wm otme on irt. a viewed oar psuclore, traeiro ung Tattr bto iet oe the hoad, with two horns wiot
o guoncd in the rot of oe r liea o d, eas we found through it; it wo about eight feet ligh yet had no
mt with ingushot, our ller a rdeed those two wings feet or lege, any other ptportio of p orta.
cdeno swiftly d give them a l on eh i This sareroa at up at the outer tide of the
tIth thi sht, olich wo dote. They then went off, Ivillage; med, wlho I caomenaoae to it,tlhe. were sliteen
ppo we to g vvo .. Hot cat e of h reptio they we r eretun feature all lyino g to t upo the ground
Ve to 000t with' indeed that salut closed theo ir h o this hidoeau blac of wood; 1 wnow moation
omah, for they matotly olhalted, st while to a o noo them, an y more than if they hd ben all logs,
uaider of it, and whoeilg off to the loft, they gove he the idol, d at 0 t I really thought they been
or their desig for that time, which was very agree- ; but, when I cae n a little neaore. they staItt up
lte o oour eiumstnea upoo their fte, mcd toioe howl, ie it it hod baen ro c0g00a sLttI TrE 00TAtAt Itrt.
Two days after ect to the ety of No, many dofptmouthoed honds. anrd wpled ao y, as it0a1 we aellght and goitg upeonotothodobr, weherd
ze thanked tht o arn fo Hht eare o w and two T t
tsm;w ythmschdthwes vmerforhaieo o lf asd the wre dirpleeaed tourdiartohbing them. A little p wople tll ttong ai fl them were e ori ofti them; we
lIstoad to the vaouo of a hundred to or thb y off fromthet. tt do r ofahutmdoof oatlouded, therefore, tht if we set wriddtle the idol
outo, whiMh we g-vo to the sldie aet to good e th m w io d QM te with lot o wodtooteo detly,a p
d he row mtodooodoy. Thin ic rimor aiv iotheirhads; and in the middle of the ttthe pl and rescue It from nafdo tion ; aadowha to
Stieo wrem nine hundred soldit e lept hai; hit Ippearnd three shep lioted, aed oe youg ulloech. do with them we newd n ot. On. we thought tolarry-
et nof it wa, thot f y the to fo jto fro .. The, itmo wer eorritdoeto that soteele. i g of tn g it aoey,and erttngllr to itoatdintoo hbe twhF.
aoy Mn res to the a tho y do n.w, the fo- mn idol; th; there m e an p r icOath bteIonng to te came to hndle it, we found it too ie wm f our
t having abandoncedttpto thtoofto which ocnd the osevteentptrtod wtoem to e weretlgehe Ther ooned tp
in o= 2 fireto thehutd M.U, the
eoltoe nd onfit for use; and mome omelbo to that cthk. re that wro there on the hada when toqr
r remote, ond o dif ult to ted foo thitherr I in I m rne mowed at thei dir t be t I old tot withtot
o. do fo retr we vt above two s dU.Ir V tho I hahogbli tot I y it. .let
SMfIooo, ep o 0-docd dtew e t oi g hmy f., e roo with gog., X oo o. h t morrhet, "IwIltl w





78 LIFE AND ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE.
,. ,.--- .. r .r t -L r Jeraween, where there was a umsangarrison, and their
,1 -* .,-u i-.. .*. ...l.l -, '. 1, 1 ,1 ,n, r -- i we r, stedfivedays.
..,., j .r. I .... ... . ... iL- ,.ai From th ity we had a frightfuldesert, which held
S. .., -, twenty-three days march. We furnisheid ourselve
r i ., r with some tents here, for the better accom odn ting
"" '" r night; and the leadr of thecar
S' .- w ggous of th country, for carrying
1 11 1 ,, .1 1 ., ovialons, i n these r a were our
S' ...1.1.1 1 i r. 11 .I ,, nghtround our little ea p; so that had
S .. .. "- -, 11 .. .. 1 ._ ,-ared, unless theyhad been erynumer-
~t i i 11. 11 ,- w | 1 i would not have been able to hrt us.
e supposed to have wanted rest asain


-." '"' '" '' "'i 'i'. -
to go ni with them, ain lay tlnhe down by tlhe idii de' rt, and had pil d by a great lake callh l Sehanks uumbe of tihe together.













d '' '' I 'I" -I I .1
nothing of it, '. .. i i .






































r a ,f .., ,.. -. .. I ,- ,
.. .... I t I .,.













-iha, h, : . ,r




a ,t "t"sr n' i:... w" J 1-






















dgreol s, whore I tasosur of thren thiuge toe outa I had
,ilt winter with, viz. plenty of prvisions auch as the winter l
country afforded, a rm house, with fuel enough, and not so n
telloent company, furs, tni
I wan now in quite a different climte from my be- only a
loved island, where I never felt old, oeept when I had daylight
smy aoge; on the o tatr y, I hal much to do to bear hour a
oay clothes on my back, and never ade any fire hot on tho g
without door, which as necessary for dining my it watn
food, -c. Now I loid three good vests, with large roba rather
;:r goo. 0. tho, to lt J loow d n to tho fret, and whom r
button clone to the rists; and nal theo lined with fura o ha
to make them sufiiently warm. At to n a wrmhos o ,ntlk,
1 mltat o nufoe Igreatly diolik our y in Englnd of It is
making fires in every oom in the house in open ehim- being el
iny, which, when the fi was o.t, always keeps the lean all
:rt in the om old as climate. So I took on tried
apartment in aogolhoomo in the town, and ordered a Iauld a
chimney to be built like a furnace, in thie centre of lesh of
si several rooms, liko a stove ; the funnel to carry the
,moke went up onu way, the door to come at the fire
-1t in another, and anl the rooms wek kept equally
warm, but no fien seen, just an they heat baths in Eug-
ltol. By this means woe had always the same climate in
nll th ooms and an equal heat wa presered; andyet
we ua no oo, s nor e o eve r iommoenl witl, smoe.
The most wonderful thing of all was, that it should
hI osasiblo to meet with geol company here, in a
country so barbaros ast this-one of the most northronly
irts of Europe. ]int this being the country wheo the
otato criminals of Muscovy, as I observed before, are all
banished, this city owa full of Russian noblcmon,
cntlemn. soldier, and courtiers. Here was the famous
'rineo Galitin. tho old Geroan RobostiRki, and several
othcr persons of note, and some ladie. By means of my
Scotch merchant whom, noverotelalo. parted with hero,
I madooo acquaintance witih Everl of these gentlemen;
and from these, in tle long winter night in which I
stayed h ,t I received sveoal very agreeable visits.
It twa talking one night with a certain Prine, one of
th, banished ministers of state belonging to the Car,
tlat the discounse of my particular se begn. He had
been telling mo abundance of fine things of the gret-
ness, the nmagifioene, the lominions, and the absolute Tf
power of the Emp of tho Epof the Rssians: I interruptfd
him, and told him I ao greater and toro powerful meat.
,rinc than ever the Car u as, though my dominions laid up
we not large, or my people so many. The Russian ointoer,
grande looked a little surprised, and, fiing his eyes for a to
oteowily upon me, began to wonder what I meant. I have ve
sid his wonder wod cease when I had explained my- weather
sl-f, and tol him the story at nlargo of my living in thoe someti
island; anl then bow Imanaged both myself and the last. \\
oplo that er under me, just as I have sinnnted onr frie
it down. They were exceedingly taken wit the story, w onaidoe
and especially the prince, who toldme, with a sigh, that Itwas
the true greatness of life wa to be masters of our and tho
olve; that he would not hoav changed such state gnt
of life e mine, to be Czar of LMuovoy and that ho e d to=
found more felicity in tl retirement ho seemed to bo being 0
luishbod t there, than ever ho found in the highest Mtusov
authority he enjoyed in the court of his master the well tIh
t' tir; tha e height of human wisdom wt to bring that pa
oar tempers down to our iroumntanwos, and to make a wa the
ralm within, under the weight of the geterto storm mon ns
without. Vhen ho mo first hither ho l aid o used oomadeo
to tear the hair from his hod,nd the clothes from his ageeat
back, os others had done before him; but a little time hbeforeo
and consideration had madel him look into himself, as Mfnfov
well a round him. to things without: that he found which i
tioe mind of man, if it nt bnt once brought to reflect also oth
pon the state of niversl life, and how little this In the
world was concerned in ito true felicity, wao perfectly up; and
apable of making a felitty for itself, fully satinfying Ig illt
to itself, and stiteble to its own best ends and deasres, and yet
with but very little amlstano from the world. That go whit
beingnoodepived of il thwe fnoci d foiciy oh he toany
enjoyed in t ful exercise of worldly pleooehe Ih bea
id Olew t leisure to look upopen the drk side of maing
them, where he found all manner of deformity; and when
Swasno Eonvinced thatoltue only maes a n uly mtot
wieo, rIh, and gpot, ond prernoe him in the way ton r,"adot
stoperor hoappe hon a etate; and in this the o
arid, they were mne happy in thet btsahmnnt than oploo


ADVENTURES OP ROBINSON CRUSOE. 79
enemies were, who had the fIll pC-- ion of with stronger things than ban or bolts; on the north
roalth and power they had loft behind them. sidn, an ttnvlgbto ocean, whor ship never nailed, nd
i," y he, "do I bing my mid to thi boat never swam; o ry other ay o have abovo
ly, from the neotoity of my cirmtnn-to thousand milea to peat through the Cn'a own
Ime call miroabl; but. if I know anything of dominions, and by oaya utterly impsnhl., exnept Iy
I would not now go back, though tho Conr my the ole made by the government, and through the
ehoutld oll ome, and roinatto tmo in all my Ltown gurrisonel by hib troop; in hort, we could
tandeur." e either o aw undisovered by teIo ool, nor subsist nny
oko this with so much warmth in hii tnmpor, o other ny so that it is in .m to attempt it."
nostneaos and motion of his spirits, that it oon I wton ilrce at honor. an fouud that they wor in a
it w. the true anao of his soul; thlo o sa no pison every jot a o nrtro a if tley ld boon looked up
doubt hi .inority. I toM him I hooulttoo ht tl o the teo .t oI o.o: ho wevor, it Otmt into moy
kind of monorch in my old station, of wllc. I thought- thst I migt ...rtol.y bo mado an inetrumont
In him an account; bt that I thought heo wa toprocur ttloe. s, of thl exellrnt peneon;anil t.n1t.
a monarch but a gret onqueror; for ho thlat whatovr hasnlr 1 I would tl rtinly try if 1 could
vitorn y oover his own exorbitant dltoinr, ntdni ary him off. Upon thit, I took on ocoaion, ono
,luto dominion over himtl 1f, m wIhot l rent ooeveuino. to tell himio mv tlenotthW. I ept nted to
governsh bi will, is certainly greater i'. I-. r, ,. ... -...
quer ae city. 1 1 I i I ,* ,
beenhero ightmonths, nnd a dark.. -e 1. ',. l I
thought it;thocohl e o iuntn that 1 "- -... iI .,t I0
uech ia lo hh badwithout being wn.ir I I a, *. .'.
d bki 1 n. o nr tb '" og '. .. I ', .. .. ... ...',
htlor ra ,st t ,, *,,...t, e ....., I I ,. -


nuovr qui to lark. Our ho w o ke.t, or Ixtter supply himself.
tarvd, noder ground; and a for our e t, He hoard mo very attentively, nnd looLked Aonetly
rohired hero to look after ourenolvo and hors on mo ll thio wilo I poko; nay,I could o ini hm vory
very now nd then, thoirflngo nd.t oeto th a that what I tid put hio spirit into an tclot m
0a0r of. loot tcoy should mortify anl fall off. flrmont; hie colour lmeiumtly cwlngd, hie oy.c ioood
true, within dnoor we wa o rm.l the io red, and h hrt fluttt d, tUl it might ib oven power
oe, the wlls tlick, tilo windows nall. and th l d in hins otnano ; nor could he iommodiatoly
double. Our foo was chioflythe ftoh ofdr, twnr nmo leI had dunr, onud. a it lwer, hoeitatod
iod curd in tio seausou; hrl good enough. bt wlt howould uy to it: but after hoo ptuaod a lttle,
biscuits; dried flosl of evoralart, and Ioom h o embmaed e, and saiid.'* How uolappy are wo,
mutton, and of bhuffaloe, which is pretty godl ungoal 0eat0r0as t we No, that ovn our 0 r0gtest
noto of fieonthLip o mndoe snos unto uslnn e ar

-thAned mo for tmy oftlrn o servi, bolat ithlstoo
Atoflutoly the nrsumontd I atl to goi tio hOset hi-.
sdtf re. Hoe doelnol, in _,tu torels. that he wns
fully hot c oo otaniin t lle tlio to ther than teek
to to h ois fo nnr mi rablo gatno r a boe callol
it; hoo t;he o ds of pit., ambition, ae iceo and
nany, mighlt revive, t ho a Z t, ano ooi "u ovehehln
im. l o t mo no man,. dear sir," he oid, In oncaioien
Sot mo -aio loin t this bloadt cmonfinmeot, booainht
from theo crime of lift, ntior th an pu haoa a sho of
frooam o the ei prn op f the liberty of my roeaon and
Atim future happine whoch nt noo Iavo ind my oien,
but should then, Ifor, .uikly I-ao ig I of; for I am
Soif o in likely to poses nod ovortlow mo an on
e oo b not mo y friend and tempter h ati together
aI I te nwdprled t oref, I wo qu ith d..tb .non ta
etoodI elleot, tbing naloint in wnod indeed, admiring ohat
though the eoathor wy m otr mely coldit put d m into
a meat i h0t 10 ; so I maid a word or to, that I
woougl lave him to moaider of it, and eait on him
ter~a wett o nO 00e ero e aorc s. egge in, and then I aithdml o to m on tlonpooftnt.
t TA A NAbout two houo alter Iod soh meboly nt or neae
All tie Wto of ,roviioon fal teo toi tho door of my m ,ot andI wo gog to open the door
in the summer, wolrl cr :to our ,rink was bat hIo ld oIbmat it oan aomo in. aly Ito fralendl
wioe with aguo ,it. iustod oof b Iny;ond says hts ,.hyou hid almost o.otvr me, but I om
teat, opld inoste of win, a hie llooeoC. lth. y eoored. bo not take it ill telat I do not olou with
ry i l. T, huotoer, whore vent- abol ull your offer. I anstor you it inot for tnt of e senof
r f ,teontly brought in fine veiomn, a id thLoLiodton ofit nyou n, colme to ma=notho mnat
.o beaoe wlhabt wt ol d not m nuo for th ur o hrtnko lgmont of it teyou; but I hope bohaoe
Shbl an goattleo of to, with whleird treatoe got those vitaoy over myndlf." -- y lord," ad I,
e, anod e livoe cheerfully and ol, nll thinIt loeou eao fully .1tlfid tnat you do not resist the
ta tl Haen .." Stoir," 'id he if it tad been from
o owar. hthoe daye g oan tsldeblylondgr,, liaeo, tha wme pooer nould hov inueol o moe to
emotherAtla n sttole noblwe;tothrtoavelleo havo nacptel il h t I bopose d am fully satieold, thta
to prpar sledges to ooyothem oern the 0oow, Iit is fcm Hevono t11t I doelio it, nnd I hare infinite
get thog oaiy tho go;eug bht my m su. atisf a tino in theI partIg, that you al.m l ltvo me an
iool, no I lmoeo id, for ochangol, and not for hbont tmn otill, though not a fot no.
yorthboBulti,tImodo nomotolon;khowingvery I tod nothing to do but to ouloio, ao man e
t the ship from tho 0uth do not ot for profoions to him of my hoiog no end in it hot
0r of byontold till ogin oo ugo,nod Ibot fsiooonoo desire to servo him. Ho ooboem oey
rt oy the tgioingll oA tJ o tit ooll ot peeionntoly, and ooured mo hooe tooooibl POWie
any ships would ho rady to sil. Therefore I .nd hould oalays acknowledge it; nd with lthot he
o lantoto bgolnoeothoon did:inanodIen offod m a en yne t root o f obles,-to mueo
nyo people, ty, ll th tra cooler, wgo ay indeed, for me ho E c=cpt from a en in his ol=et-
te. It seems ry yo thoy go fronm Itono to stoaoo, andfI eould hao .oo.idd them, but h would
yfor trade, to ony fnond buy n.eneeo.i, tothe ofo. n. .l nont momng I. ent tmy neant
hbybrhig beckwlth emtohun lshf e theirbhop:to his lodtip nith 0 eotall p0.t of tea, nod to
ers wentonthosnao ra nd o tAehaugol. ] piec of China damns,,n.d fo little wdges of Japn
nmonthoffoyI nt otomoLe o d.al o ytopcb goldwhih did notnlloeigh Obboeioeortheoote.
L nae doing thi, iton m o tome thbatt- n.bl, bot were far short of the nalo of his sble.
ChepooploereshonhdbytheCo toihero whidh, hen I nt to Eglond, I roned wroth oner
whha they came theo, tre left at liberty to to houdred pound. He aceptod the t=a snd m00
Sthey oold, ohy thoy did not thongo nwy piee o the dnmuk, and onh of the pieoe of gold,
tof th world, ohoooer thth og loth t gt nd hobhd 0ot popen itof tb.9npnao oloye.
to noe whot shoIld hinder w th fo lnhb I found he tmo o the Ir o itj y of thtonl
snch an tttpt. Bot mty onder ou oter not tahe any mone nd he sent word by my amnt
etotood open tha t beo towlth the eo I hoe that he dedd to pea with me.
red, who nnooe mt theo :Conidner, nl0 Wh-n I eas to him, he told mt I h hM hd
dd ha, -the plse 'whe re no and, enondly, poesed htonen e. naod hoped I wonld not ooe himblo
;e Itnnehe dtlidthot. ofe todd g.nsntetehdm I






80 1IPE. AND ADVEETURIS OF ROBINSON CRUSO.N.
oh to offer the sme to another prao that hbe ate some se to him not to cme near thnm at his booghtfrom TobotLe if there wre Do prirte ways
wo-oa name to me, in whom he had great hare of peril, the fellow came hack no wiser than he wet; by which we might aoid them in the night, anl pcr-
con In a word, he told me it wma hi, o nly that by their dress, he said, he believed them to be hap etreat to some town, or get help to guard us over
oho, though I had not seen him, was in the re -oadi- -ome Tartart of Kalmuok, o of the Circsi horde, the deert. The joc lord'. Siberian ecant told us,
ion with himlf, and above two hundred miles from and that there mout bo more of them upon the geea t if we designed to neid them, ad not fght, he woold
him, on the other aside of the Oby; but that, if I desert, though heneer hard that any of them wae nogege to aroe cc ino tthenight, too wh ay that meant
cousented, he would send for him. een o far north before. th, to e rier Pet by whih he ade no
I made no h station, hot told him I would do it. I This was small comfort to mn; however, we had no eotonbut we might get away, ond the Tartars never
made stme eemony in letting him t nderetand that it comedy: the wat on oc= left hand, Iat aboqt quart soit; btl, e aid hi toed had told him he would
wo wholly oa hise account; ad that, seeing I m uld not of a mile distance, a little grove, and very nar the not rettot, but wood rather hooee to fight. I told
reail o him, I wouldshow myrespect to him by mry rad. I immediately resoled we should advance to h e mistook his lord: for that he a toomise
con for his son. e snt the next day for hithe dfoose trees, and fortify ourselves a well as we could ma to love fighting fr the sake of it; that I knew he
nd in about twenty days he came back with the moo- there ; for, first, I considered that the teem would in a oa brave enough, by what he had showed already;
ecnger, bringing six or seen hoes, loaded with very great measure coer us from their arrows; and, in t that he nebetter than to des seenteen or
rich furs, which, in the whole, amounted to a very geat the _et place, they muld not come to charge cu in o eighteen men to fight five hundred, ml e an uoaoid-
value. His serants brought tho horses into the ton, bo.ly: it ms, indeed, my old Portuguese pilot who ablncesmity frced them t; and t hatif t he thought it
but lt the g d ight, h poed it and hd this llecy ttedig him, possible for us to escape in the night, e hd nothing
amtooftte ogo atoolpatmentc o dhe i tm hhesn hot he a alys red t d most apt t to do but to ttpt it H edif hi lo-
ted himto tome; nd, int hort, we concerted ththe o noe c ncoournge c in does of the mot danger. We advanced hipe gvet tim mchat er, he eould lose ide life if he
of oa travelling, nd everything proper r other journey, immediately, with what speed we muld, a d gained dd not peform it. We oon hroght his lord to givo
I had bought a consideable qatiy of tblea, black that little wood; the Tartar, or thieves, for we kewm that order, oughh privsatly, and e immediately pre.
fo-in fne rm other fursaare ery uot what to call them, eepiog their taod, nd pared for putting it in pactice.
rich in that city, in exchange for ome of the goods ttempting to hinder us. Whten we m ae thither, we Aind ot, ason c itegan to be durk, e indled
had brought from China; in particular for the clove found, to our at tifaction, that it a mpy ia o ttl capp, hh me ept bumintg and pre-
and nutmeg, of hih I sold the gretet t here,and pie of god,an on the oe sida ey great sp t d O as to mae it bum al night, that fhe Tttrse
the rest ofterada at Arthangel, foramnch better price f water, which, rnnig out in a little brook, mwas a eight conclude we were still there; but as toon as it
thanIcodulhaeegotatLoandon;andmypartner,whow little farther joined by another of the ifke size; ad was dark, and we cold see the stars (for our guide
sensible of the profit, and whose buinem, more particu- was,, in shrt, the oure of a cnsidemble river, called wouldnot stir before), hevingallour horse ndcamels
tlarly than mine, was merhandise, mwas mightily pleased afterwards the Wirtaka; t he tree which grew ahout ready loaded, we followed our new guide, who I soon
tour stay, o amount of the affic e made here. thi sprig ere not above two hundred, but veylarge, found steered himself by the north star, the country
It wa the beginning of Jne when I left this remote od stood ptty tlick, tit as cmoon a we got in, we being levelfor a long way.
plaoe. We were oe. redued oa veo r smll carano l sm ouele, perfectly afe fhm ethe nemyun the trwe hbad trelledto houro erey hard, itbra
havig only thrty-two hoes nd camels in all, which attacLed 0 o foot be lighter still; not that it as dark al night, but
passed fo mine, thoughmy new guest was propietor of W'hile we stayed here woating the motion of the the moon began to rise, so that, in short, it was rather
elevn of them. It was natural asio that I should take enemy some hourm., without perceiving that they made lighter than we wished it to be; hut by six o'clock the
aoe nroto with me than Ihadbefore ; ad the young a y movmetot, or Portcguee, with some help, cut next morning, we had got above thirty miles, having
lord passed for my teward; whatgreat ma Ipssed for seval arm of trees half off, and laid them hgg lm spoiled ee horses. Her te found a loaou
myself, I ov not, neithtler did it cone me to inquire, acrs from one tree to another, and in a manner fenced village, named Kermainskhoy, where we reted, and
We hahrothewotdto helargeatdesecttopescover u o in. Abouttwohourbefoe night, they cme doe n heardnothing of thelmuck Tartra thatday. About
thatwmetrithoemwholejournecy;Imllitth ot, directly upon us; and though we hadn't perceived it, tohoursbeorenighteetot again,andtlled
because te way was very deep in some places, and e found hey had bee joined by omemore so till eight the next moving, though notquite so ard as
uneven in othea;the bmst wehadto syfor itea t they ere near fouroe home; mheeof, however, before; and about sven o'clock we passed a little river,
i i, &.. ,. I to fancied ome were women. They came on till they ll Kto d cameto good geton inhabited
t[ -| v. Oby, were within half-shot of ou little wood, when we firedby Busianonlled tomys; there wehead thatseerel
o t ithot ball, and called to them i the oopa of Kalmec had been bred upon the dsetr,
~, ;": r'-".'. 11 i i '." s who t Rusn tongue to ecow what they wanted, and bade but that we were now ompletely out of danger of
w perfectly acqoionted with the cotntre, and led us them keep off; but they ame on with a double fry up them, which was to oer gret atisfaction. Her we
by peiteo mo so tlat we avoided coing io tt to oe oth te wood side, not imaging wewee m bricaded were obliged toget some heh horse, cnd having need
princeip totn and citie upon the geat mod,tech e that they could not eeaily break i. Odr old pilot enough of rest, we stayed fio days; and my partner
Turen, Soloy Kamaskoy, ad s rald other; because our captain, s we] u or engineer and desired rd not and I agreed to give the honest Siberian wo conduterd
the Musovite garriso ns hichare kept thee re very to fire upon them til theyam thin pistol-thot, that us tthth e value of ten pistole.t
curio and strict in their obervsatioa upon travellers, w mightbes o ad o dlthat when we dido fire we a days more w came toVeusema upon the
and searching lest any of the banished perons of note should be surto to taLe good aim; ede himgive the river Wittod, and running into the Dwitua: w mre
hold make tler co that way into My ovy ; but, word of command, which he deaoyed m ng, htth ey there, vey hppifly, near tohen d of our travels by lhad,
by thi means, as we were kept out o the cities, o or were some of them within two pikes' lengt of ~ l when that river being navigable, io seen days' passage, to
wholejourney wasa desert, and we ere obliged to eno-. weletfly. We aimed o true, that we killed fourteen Archangel. Frmembce, became toLawreothoy, the 3d
camp and lie inonrtcuts, when we might have had very of them, and wounded eseral others, as aot several of of July ;aod,povidigourselveswithtwoluggagebats,
good acommodation in the cities on the wa; this the their hoes; for we had all of s loaded o pieee with and a barge f own o nvenience, we emhart ed the
yoemglord was so sesible of, that he would not allow two or three bullets apiec at lest. th, and arrived all safeat Archangel the 18th; having
us to le obrod when .e came to several ctis o the They were terribly srprised with oer de, and re hen acyea, oe months, nd three days oo the journey,
wy, ht cy o od himself, ith his e ot, i the toted immediately about ona hbondred od from s; includingour stay of about eight months at TohoTsk
woods, and met ous tlws0at1 the appointed places. in which time e loaded our pices again, ad seeing We were obliged to stay at this place six weeks for
We had just entered Eope, having passed the river them keep that distance, we sallied out, and caught the arrival of the ship, and must haove tried longer,
Kama, which in thee parts is the boundary between four or five of their hoes, whe riders we supposed Ihad not a Hambrghe ome in above a month sooner
Europeo and A anitthellrat city on the European aide wer killed; and comingop to the dead, we judgedthey than any of the Englh ships; when, after some o.n-
wa called Soloy Kam ikoy, that is, the great city on wr Tare s, but omew not how they came to make an ideration that theit of Hamburg might happen to
the river Kama And here we thought to se me oexcuion such an unusual length, be a good a market fe our goods as London, we all
evidnt ltetion in the people; but we were mistaken; About an hoec after, they again made a motion to took freight with him; and, having put our goods on
fere we hadea vt desert tos whichis near seven attack me. and rode cuod ou little wood to ee where board, it most natural l for me to put my steward on
hbodred miles long in some places, but not above tio they might break i; but finding u alays ready to bard to tahare of them; bywh
hundred mile over where e ped it., O till ame fmet them, theyw t off again; and t re lived notto lord bad a surffiet opi to conetal himsml,
past that horrible place, we found very little difference sti for that night neve coming on shore ain all the t e lstyed
bete that utrynd ogul Tar The eople We slept little, bt spent the most part of the night the; nd thi he did tat he might not be seen in the
a mostly Pagaos:theirhouses ad tono full of idole in strengthening our situation, and barricadig the city, where some of the Mmmow merchants woid cer-
and thefr way of liveig wholly babrou, except in t to thees into the wood, d eepig a strict watch. inly have seen and discovered him
cities, and the villages near them. where they. are We heated for dayliht, aod when it came, it gave u Wr the set ail from Arehangel the 2 of dAugust,
Christinsastheyctheyomi lives, oftheGreekChurch: a very unwelcome discovery indeed; for the enemy, the same year; nd, after no extrordlnary had
but have their religion mingled with so many relifes of mho we thought were discouraged with the reception voyage, arrived safe in the Elbe thle 18th of September.
supertition, that it is scm to be o in some thy met wit, were now greatly increased, and d set Here my partner and I found a very good sal for our
pe f sorcr d th ft. up eleven t e o t if they th of Chin as the h, & of
In paig this forest (after all our danger were, to reolved to besiege ns; and this little camp they had Siberia; and, dividing the o d there amoooted
by t he = o.1d d e tk saefs aMohn, ed
mo r imagifaiot escaped), I thought, indeed, me mnet pitched upon the open plain, aboet three-quartete of o to 3I471. Ie ., including aboht sic hundred pounds'
have bhen plundered andrbbed,andperapsmourdered, mile fhom us. I confes, Inom fete myself over tee worth of dtomonds, thich I purehasedoitBengal.
by a toop of thieves: of whatountry they we lot and allthat I had; the loss ofmy eects did eot re the yoong ord 0 hitto lea otof d ent
yet at aloas to mow; ht they were all on horsbake liesoneme,thoog roeid rabl ththght p th Elbe, in order to go to the mrt of Vicoenna
carried bos and ar s, and were at first about forty- of falling into the bans of such barbarian at the where he r elved to seek protection and old orr
flve in number. Tbey me soneato us towithin lttrendof joureoy, ltereomanydiicuiesand pdith the of his after's friendawho r left
two mosket-shot, and, skingno questions, surrounded hzard as h hogad gone th ougbh, d even in eight of our aoive. He did not pert without testimonials of fgti-
us withtheir hore, and lobedveryearnestly upon us port, wher e expected safety and delverace. As to todeforthesemricelhaddonehitactdformykindnea
twie; at length, they placed themselves just in our my partner, he rasrging, and declared that to ehisI to the prime hi father.
way; ponwhich wedrew upinaliteline,'beforeour goods would bhe his ruin, andthat hewould nthe die To conclda: having stayed near fonr months in
mes, bein not abo e sixteenmeninUll. Thusdran thanobestarved,andhea m for fightingtothetaotdrep. Hamburgh, I came o m thence by land to the Hague,
up, we halted nd sen ot out the Siberian seant, who The young lord, a most gallant youth, was for fightig where I emahrked in the paeket, and arrived in London
attended hi lord to ee who they were ; hi master was to the last also; and my old pilot was of opinion that the 10th of January, 105, hvig been abent from
the more willing to let him go, because he w not a we were able to reias them aIl in the situationea wee Egaed hte yet and nine mots.= And here, reolv-
little pprehensive that they wrea Siberiantroop e t the n. Th we pent the day i dehatre of whet we ig to hean myself no more, I m prepming for a
olt after him. Themanme up earthem ith flag houl do; bat towards evening we fcnd that thfe lgejoumey theanal t havihe g ved eet.-two
of truce, and toiled to them ; but though he spoke numbe of oere eemies mtill inreae.d, nd we did not e a life of to vit y, and learned t uffiently
severiloftheir ggceordialets of languesther, nowbat by the mre ig they might still he a geter to o the lval of reti nt, d the tming of
he could not undeand a word they ,id; however, nombel; o I began t inquie of those people we hai eyitg oea dope t poeam.


teecoec 0. aCe. coec onD eono. cIOre













GRIMM'S FAIRY TALES.


the-I cannot ran as thon dot." But what anvaled
THE FROG KING, OR THE FAITHFUL its croaking after her, as loud as it would?-se lis-
HENRIK. tened not, but hastened home, and hadsoon forgotten
the poor frog, who was obliged again to descend into
Le the olden time, when wishing produced its the water.
effect, there lived a king, whose daughter were all The next day, as she sat at table with the king
beautiful, but the youngest o pre-eminently fair and all the court, eating from her golden plate, some-
Stat he sun, whih beheld so much, as aston- thing was heard, "pliteh-platch, plitch-platch,"
ished at her lovelinea whenever he shone in her ascending the marble staircase, and when it had
face. Near this king's castle was a wood, amid the reached the top, a knock was heard at the door,

"wPrinee', open the door."
The youngest was anxious to
know who it was, and ran to
open the door; but having
done so, we astonished to be-
hold only the fat. Hastily
closing it again, so t aned
\ to her plahe, and felt anoh
lbermed, which the .ug ob-
S ering, said, "My chid, what
is the matter-is there a giant
outside the door, who has come
to fetch yeou?" "Ah, nol"
ansered the prince, "not
a giant, but a nasty frog I
"What does the frog want?
Ah, dear atherl as I sat eby
shades of which, beneath an old linden-tree, as a the spring o the wnod yesterday, nd played, my
spring; arood this cool spring the royal ehilre Igolden ball fell into the water, and while I wa
here ,eqentlyto tb found a le hot day of sumner, weepg for it, the hog fetched It p again and
and here, i they felt inclined to amuse themselves, as he requred it, I promeed that he should bemy
their favont pastne ws thing up a golden compnon; nt I had not the least idea he cold
all, ad atchintog itaga let. leave his abode However, he is noa outside, and
Upon on of the e d ocasions itchanced that the wlises to aomein to me." The hnocing was now
Ing ngthe o s t es golden hae l fell, not into repeated, and a voice heard, saying-
earth, rehbonded thence into the water. The lady Kng's daughter, king's daughter, open to me;
followed it with her eye, buhot the spring teat ow'st tho whao t yesterday ethou idst to me?
dee for her to see the bottom, the ball, of ing' daughter, king's daughter, open to me."
vanished from her sight, and the began to weep bit
terl ndas since osolbl e oe Io pea. Whie th n Then sad the ling, What thon hies promised
d ntred, she heard a voie which said, Wha that thor mest certainly perorha and open to
tonblesl thee, royal maiden-thy complaints wold him." Harving done so, the frog hoped in, keeping

moe stoe to piety she looked aro ndeto lis- clse to the prices until she hed her chair;
acoer whence the roae came, nbt ater eei se nl a the it stopped, and iend Lat me ap y thee."
fog, whiah raised his thick ugly head at of the The kng' daughter desiiated, antil commanded by
eter. iAel it tyou?" exclaimed the plneass; her father; bt having obeyed, and placed t on the
dai tearil the l of my golden le in wth e chair by her, the og showed that his object wa to
ohau fallen pto e tae eter." e oomfgote d and do reh thetable; rd hbe ing pac e nt, "Noe
not wee replied the Io; "Ian help thee, push thy golden plate narer me," said he, "that we
what yt that gie me I fetth tha pthypy mae together. This thenrdinglydidthogh
thing aga?" "Whatever yon will, dwar e vfrog dently very willingly, ad the fong ate he.atly,
stid the prinee--"my eloth pearls, and jewels at n r y ew ry moarel st o the prine's throat.
-vesn the golden rovn which Iy ear." To this he foer the oid, "I have eaten slliey san
"feo hoe d f owr d he sai", "I I at tied and
the frog replied, "Thy clethe, pearls, and jewe, m very tired me up into thy little chamler,
aind thy golden aown, I donot live; bat ifthnwdt and rspaee thy silten beatatI may sleep with
lovme, andlt mebtthyemwpa non adplayfs ow, thee. The king's daughter noa began to eep
sit near theat tble, eat hm thy golden plate, heartily, for the was afraidof the cold fmg, that sh
drialfrm thy olde npiand i st lpa to thy edhdly dred teth, sad wh h weas o to sleep in
-if thy. lt p astoe m eall thee Illo doea w ad herheantoef haed; ot thtion e athdiepleaan
fet p thy golden hal," "Al, y -I hastily e re ad idy dght, n met n piaft.
ped tog r ; "I pmie a hater s she ho hae helped ther in thy need." lhe
thon widt--cly l m. have my golden ball gae"a s therefore lg to illngl
She thaght, however, to heel, "The slly frog whiw she dd th to fing, a tted it ptas
--it can only eea, and live in the water with it and pt itinacarn. Batwh hewan e
felo it annt be a companion for a hopped toard her, mytg, "om td, ad dit
being." The frog having received the promise, to sleepas wel as tho--take me np, or I wi tell
dipped ts head deon, then dived, and in a short thy fat er." Thisgreatly nragd the princes, blt
time re:appeared on the surface, holding the ball ma the bth it np, and threw ait ithall her faor against
its month, ahich it threw on theaen The o ng's the wall,syng, "Now wilt tha let mebtinrawe,
daughter eat ftll of joy when she again saw her natyhrg?" Toher "gtatose nt. npranllng
bauotifnl toy, and picking it np, sprang deleghtedto the ground, thers waso asloer a fog vsihnl lent
way. "Stop, stop" cried the fog,"ta me ith a hndme ptn f m t mile appnnne, h


with the king's approbation, became her beloved
ompanionand husband. Herelatedto the prince
that head been enchanted by a wicked fary, and
that shealone was appointed to deliver him from he
power. It as arranged th he next day they
sholafd take leave of the king, and travel together
to the prince's dominions. When themoring cae,
a barrage drawn by eight white horses drew up be-
fore the palace the horses were haneased with
golden trappings, and had white oatich plmaes on
their heads, and behind the arig was the y g
prince's faithful servant, H karho had so deeply
felt his mate's misfortune when he was changed
into a frog, that hr had caused three iron hands to hab
Sfastened around his bdy,that heart mightnotlst
Swith sorrow. This carriage was to convey they ng
young
prine and his bride this expecting object and the
faithful Heanid having handed thm in, again took
his seat behind, overoyed at his mater's delveanee
and return. After travelling some distce, the
pine heard a map behind him, asif something we
broken, which caused him to turn round, and ay,
"Heerik, the carage is breaking down" No,my
lord," returned he; "it is only that my heart now
swells with joy, and a band is loosened froem it"
Again and again the same thing ocmred, the pree
imaging each time the cariage swae breaking down;
it was, however, only the meon blnda, bringing fm
Henri's heart, now his lord was once moe en and
happy.

THE VIRGIN MARY'S ADOPTED
DAUGHTER.
NEA a large woo lived a wooadman ant his wife,
who had bt one hild, a girl of three ya old. They
were, howeehfol poor, that it was with difficnlty
they could maintain themselves; and at length,
matters becoming worse, they had no longer even
bread to eat. One morning the man went foth, full
of trouble t to pursue his acpatn; and as he was
chopping ome wd, suddenly a tll beautiful weman
stood before him with aearown oel brilliant sars on
her head, who addressed him, saying,-"I am the
Virgin Mary I you are poor and needy; bring me
your child, and I will that with me, be a motIhr
to it, and take care of it from this time." The ma
obeyed, fetched his child, and delivered it to the
Virgin Mary, who straightway toak it with her into
heaven. From this time forwardshea vy happy,
had fine white bread to eat, and sweet milk to ink,
splendid golden garments, and the little angels for
playfellow When she wa fourteen yer old, the
Virgin Mary called her one day, and said to hr,
"Dear chld, I have a long journey to take; I theae-
fore intrst the keys of the thirteen door of the
kingdom of heaven to your keeping, twelve of them
yon may open and dmir the glie therein con-
tained, but the thirteenth, to which this key belgs,
is forbidden to you beware of opesinat,lea you
draw upon yoself my displeasure" e madn
premised obedience, and as n as the gin M
had departed, she began to examine the chambers
into which the doors opened, every day peni e
until she arrived at the telt. In eah at an
apetle, srroended with glory, over which he rejoi d,
together with the angels who always acompaned
him. The forbidden door alone remained, and the
maiden p ed a great desire to know what wiS
oanealed within that also. She therefore said to an
angel,"I will not enter, buhat wl nly open l ita little
way,in oder to see through the spertre what it
contains." Oh no I" replied the angel, 'that wonld






2 GRIMM'S FAIRY TALES.

fire h ul:t h d,'' '. ." .- ., a ., ". a





," i .. .... the d anble, that the klgl i hl ed her very hea' y, ,
f n''* II 1 .'' i i 1 i 1 1 w l e (rrew v r rr fu wI

h i .." ," ,' .... ,' ,' n h e r eroom.


Sn rt ughtnd i




e 'a prel n S I 'i I, I g -, ,,i i ,i..i.. ,t "tIe 'srdl, iak it, i me I oure n ew-g hts_ ,
f neon... .. ,i n tiae f ee o noa r t f r tl r. a,

.II...l diu l int i ien thi. i

j .1 ,i .. iif ii i h, If at no nut h111 eent .
sked flr It lhe ar i i h l I I tia t t

ii ", i it t' I sof that now she was quite alone in tihe
S' u na ivorld. hIe I art re ly ae rro flt ith these


e- badi i sr''. '!' i, s 1CAT i a ii TEI I AS
',' nI shall deprce you o ihe wondered ho sh ou an hav psed allh
1 1 i ii. i.... ,, iniris infant f e 'h qneen ag.1 fu ero 1 in ie r d in night In no o.tng h l aghtg h ier lanore sie
'the falnhnn d, atqig, I da t n he I "n, nd entlh the hure As enhetfertishe .nnt ts
... ..... s u..u with tat but a

infant s fn to have ,, ii i ii
tn- he l pief ohf hleldlyex- went to her Ias'e ustotmed place, she und it already
fLil ciidl eiiu n s thait .1 i t Iad
Iqfe n had de red it, s he ooked rnnnd nI the pe. lep sh I per
the onilreq ured that she celved that they were her decea red at s
e oi lishul I. tie l fr rrt.e. nt t ier. in l h eir otlh every-day dresses.i t with
nBut lhs majesty loved her so rde eonnnnanser They neither spoke inor sing,
nintuh thaict he ould not aii nd hnm ffloated through thr
fi hienr nti vie, III,= nnt of s he pnr vo h widn gI t
fern forth. n, on pIln i, ,,
a ino le r t ilnr e qu qen If i i I Ii



len she aked her again if she hn not openedd l kners thanked God Iht
hfraden dori "Noe answered the ehldd f 'or .' ,er with her than her heart
hit tnie tpna wht tie rh rg h MarV, had gin ed. BAt on the third day she laid down
aYn flane net oney disobeyed rie, lint'h ', '' "I, 0n hrherbdcnddsed.
nfterdl fasehood, and therefore e no longer M sal rl toher.
'A t 's ,If r
Ior sh 1,led he Coin ifiir ln' hall ",."I'k ... ". thall God that Ile




'ilderne s. fht wished t cryout, hut old utter cIn.t f the tfird tYii the queen answered. "No. COMPANIONS.

no sonlad; hie sprang up and endeavonred it r don Id te iu inp he tdor." Thlen the Virgi Mon A chr had nlade acquaintacs wfhs a mosr, and
asway,. but whichever wa'' i ,.,,
pdedi and held i by ii
ishe fou h nd' h I'lI I
Desert in wheh s. I ( It ere) mel e, st abroad, all the l, ii l x ed 1 1 "
n in d hi hol w tree; thn I her I be ... .., .. .. ,
slept there i a o l .niheu nt i i ,, ,, i.'..
rainy, it gave s, ,n o ts a e d e : c,1 L i, i
lehte rnr onnl" food; and r aututeo fim r h h., .,, -is i,.. .; '
fall,'l aveSl her hollw tree, u hrdr tl covered h e,- e mned, t b e bur nt.: Th t .. ,. ,
SI 1 i i I h l t: when the kbdled around her. hen. for thet II II -- i
self tt ll n u lrl w tr an a. I . Ie n I. ,

.her h heoi n I ,, ," ; I = are q dte
i ,. .nd fellt lee d hituhe fhnh before my death, that I had opened the doaer" obhged to do eso. The jar was safely disph ed of,
and inserabn, thili worhl ru ntoiii hitr. ITherenpioni her noilen wans 5 ,'' ii i .', i ] i" i.
One daevhn when t rlne trl g wre aiain e fered Ii lod l yo ex ela f. V 71 I I I I .. "i
. .. ,i. ], t .. '" I, ,, ,, ,pa ,, ,.
i. ,, i,- I, iii i i i ,,--iii i 5 .' i I,

i' I '' te, wh brwnspots, andIcan den r this
emluyed ht sword t e t n '' '' i an l the htlle daughter ut. ao d take care of the house
Having tlinghsuneeeid I tlo the qeen. saving, i i Oh, yes!rephedthemoute.hby
path..he iw t Ins at"nishmnr a st nghlarly, bea- sonfe, and 'elis of ioi n 1 fo rgi ae t th at; I shuld n th

.i i i I 1 g 1 --h- w nI t I, and
r i ,, ., was nn sk t e godcother. She went straight




L


GRIMM'S FAIRY TALES. 3

to the church, crept to the jar. and began to lic. the lad to inquire if he had seen his master. "No,"
lickedth t op off. and then too a walk in the city. STORY OF A SON WHO SET OUT TO rephellhee, i i und-hole.
upon the roofs of the houses: afterwards stretching LEARN TO SHIVER. iiiposite th '' ii he would
herself in tbo sun, she licked her lips as often as she neither answer nor go away wliun I slk to him. I
,L ,, ,R ,, grTOnlg,. for he ha w y'wken h Is eeg.
ic i-c,,.

* 11 -I' o i' i i i 1 1 i 11 ,1 i 1 1 el, ooil 1reh -aid thr a, i i a cioner, she found her huo anid

i i quired it wns ulueys the So uitnl lI to reach hime, then hastened
elder who was c olled upon; et with lood iexiunatiotns to the house of the boy'
if his father ased hi labte, or father. "Your son." osid she, hns broghlt a great
S i the niight.' o fitlh 1 i '- i i i ushbnddown
oct and y i 11 qi p i the wa lp th ,ii ro en hs leg.
rea rd le mel s. i a i i .r ,i
I a otl go t'e i ke -
shiver :" flor he as afral. trails reo these that I h ," sai he; Satan him
In the iterr evellnng., like- self nuist he in you." "F ther,"relatand thle oy,
Sise. pn plesie t byit the fire "listen to ule. I e inlocnt, lo stohl before men,
nodtts td fotre butoh so-la -i I i,' *,., i I ,: I did
Shalr stand on end, the lsten u 1 I to
w would so. i I i i
Soahes one, e ',' '' .
in nei *' '' -!'!
the others .. l '.

i o e o or t th other saled" d e Lis tend- ol thi e eIrer y u I I I JI ] uh n[ 'y rd u
i a i is unaiae a:une! I- he an oir olnef woI h II fifty r neoo s for you, g-o i t, thie world, but tell
,tbf. ', singhulr or worse Now. t hapeced I N- i iI
S dmother ,l cllforal di, "L A irtl, yo in tlie o er. i,' al yoiu o?,
replied puss Not long after tisthi cat felt a de- h in i i e .
Thlee ai- I -... will. k o..... .
S e .. i i i .. : e Ir
S. ,' .. .. fore I .. 1 i 1 J
he he ," ,, I ei .. .. .. i o g ..l e .e .

S'. said shmoasewhat I '. tr no iv I ,, i,
,, quite pleased nwit e fat ei wh'of ere se l en ho he ket the r wedding with the
i i'.-ii o i olae II0i ii i, i 0-,II
0a 1 re hedl the et. sun." I i il II ,:i I
e. ,- r name before,'" ~ d Soonef. l ,i e 'I ,I -, i r
the moue: 'Iwager you do not find it in tl tl th father II. ,. I r r
alelndor." sco, md sre ., i, "
Th cat's mouth soon watered for other visit to and aai t t ch, i he so e to c
h A l e Asgooieng t"s re byr thlrees. csaid she to to wld hep I coe I e I w a-- u i b ..
epi e i hfuee;ee..o eo ,
wse. without t another white I I I i to ire I aill s on keep hi wearom. The wind shook the ainged men,
not olfenhippen so-lot mne gof" "Tcp-oft, Halft sh lim up." Ti I I 1 Ii i 1 i agant ea h other as thry mase
Sce the fire, how the people un



h' !.... r.-t: '- --OI-- 'greedy eat,mean- .self. i'
SWhenall is gone," the i
.ra e ,o sheretournedhome had ascended, and turned hio-
satisfied and sleek at nightfall. The mouse asked slf round to catch the rope,
immediately what name the third child had received, he saw on the stais opposite
" This will not please you more than the other," said the sound-hole a white igur
the eat; it is called Quite-gone." Quit-gonef" "Who is thatb" cried the boy;
erned the mouse. What a namee I tmsure f never but the figure goave r,
heard it before. Quite-gone I What eau 0 mein? tand neitheriad or 2 flore."fwos
She shook her head, rolled herself comfortubly up, amd Answer directly," eeitad ti -
went to slep. lail 'Or gouc;oy cpr hoe
After this the cat was never again invited to be iofhing ta do here at night"
golmoether; but as the winter approeod and no- The sexton, however, relaimed
thing more was to he found out of door, the moue mo tionless, that the boy might
thought of her store, n said Co I was a h st. Again
courjthawe t hate bcehen oing;; J. for their thiie,
." "Certoiny," rephedtho ca, I you want? Speak.
you pt your dirate tongue out of the window." if pun are a true mn, or
They t their to the hurh, and, upon eie- I will knock you down the
ing thee, found the jar in i tsplace, it is i, bt it trs." The sexton .. ic
was empty. Ah said the mouse, "now I under- would never attempt therefore uttered no the fire, and placed them al arond,that they might
stand; itis now clear that you have been a pretty sound, but stood there as if he were made of stone, wr themselves; but they at as he played them
mother,-first the top off, then half gone, then-" fore made a spring at the ghost, iho roled down ten Upon this he spoke to them, ming, "Take care a
- Will you e silent ?" cried the cat; another or twel steps into a corner at the bottom, where h yourselves, or I will hang you all up again; bt as
word, and I devour zon too." The poor monse had lay very quiety. The bell was then rung,and thha the dead mean could not n ear, they remained edest,
already t quite gane on her tongue; sanesly was it proceeded home, going to bed without sayoy a.word an their rags e ontined to hma This made him
ttered, tan the t made a spring her, and of what hod happened. The sxton's ife waitedlong anh and h said If yon will at ta are
moy as qnil devoured. Th s the way of fr han d, but ashe did not com she began to I cannot help yon. Idnotinted to
the worl he afraid of some mishance, so she wt and ed e t w He thn arried them al p, and
a2






4 GRIMM'S FAIRY TALES.




T h ,, g, ,, ,, I re
.' ,-

,',''' 1 I I *


b, fo'' ').i "Mo i sha -t r, toe
i i i i ,, I halt die." "Not so fast," returned the other;
I I. I1 l I a to die, you iiiisat have my consent first."
ithe uouoth. eat c i-rngs tnl pitlio itdi', extricateid un self But t ihe monster ad, with oa gri u sile," I do not
W h,,, -, ,,t I Ina ., tell 1 theu .




S .." "'' r' a itg', I da p oaage toI soith'.

baidii that. Tho
i, but j fol. and i '
S' night. n wel," he other d; the old um placed thnself near, to
andu sad,' Certaiuil. f v uti aveuany dp i re to doso ans. erd, "one over th' two others o usenoe what was takig hdace, oant his white

erupt e oess, "so tm i rIlu teotle ave Ioned histeswtde I' ne'' rai tlihougt Ito seou one bloI the youtl stdit the i d, ani d futined
at the oonei nooneltt Inthe
So fast," said he, "and yoi
S ,' ,p an iron rod, hie struck ho n
.. I shrieked out, begging himt
S o ld lake hin, rich for the
"he youth then etriutend his
I an free, who conducted hInt
i ,i i i ii i i i ii ii ii ', i'iii i iiii ii, i iii ,i ,+ l d iiii hina c llah r Ihero
showed hun in a cellar three
S ,iic 'c c I i u.i Tahethese," said ho; "one is
.or the thing, and the third
.ii ,iii.. ,, ,. t moment, the clock struck

.1. 1 .f .11
aid becomoethe property of tie successful wh ther done ii I 1ud cuuouald -e a do I i.., .1 i ,
S. .i i i nightstu oi eituoia parts hd co e together,and a i i L .
for that his place. "I did not bargain II I I I I l
upur se, but not one hud ever returned. ''I o I nnce." i.. ''1
next n- i i ii i i y cousin, and an old oi n with
orequ l i I ,, showed ie plenty of gold in the
ostlto. 1, i ''' ''' ,, ,, ,' ',. ,, I ,, not a word of hiering." Then
with is ... I h'is- I You have
,, ,, ,, ,, ,, ,,er' 'p 6 i', sit iigui, ',,ndyou
S,, ston- shall That is all eryo
',1o n eret "out, t shall I neoer he
, ., ,- d ; butC.I a

thither, made himself a bright fire o one of the tioik the skills. ibeed them i, I
aplartlents, placed thie bench near bnn, and seat l lthnl round, ris-aig, as e i I I i oegn to
.i '5' ''" Oh," oau l, If I 'Theywlle roll better n-, sicu .h, With
c i ver leirn it here." They tlo nall began t play. a i i ach hln
7 i.i ,i i cok str .cut, she

.. .. thte ki g I' iaI i.
,'d va are Y- ,, I,
"'hati are you sller nln O a If y' arle I so I ', .
rome and sit by tie fire aind iiro yoursel *I. ,
Seareely had he said lhIII. thia toi iiioii nse i.r i s I 1u u' t i i u _- i
1 -, f Oh, that I '

tiery eyes. In a ttle tutlie I h w llrlneo then- The iet niglt hie seated 1ll'h si lf again upion his
selves, they said, Conuraue. I io' himself I n a iln chol
"Why not?" replied their< i iI ilt nysiver "wI u six tall
tios first They -. ,, i tn THE WOLF AND THE SEVEN YOUNG

'ii'' 'oh O e KIDS.
''oo : iT
,,cousin: T i 11: _
'ih the t nen plaed the eflin on kids k '


'" it, I i ,I-" O "--,II th- t h oII i ht, i.ont. but lllo I om n goue peay tare eare of the
out of every hole Ilod ounr'eblacek eats a I II i I I f he coies in here Ite wll devour you, skin
without nuonher, e el ith a rd- bot tthae ii I Hle often disguises himself; but you wllt
to it; they trxoo Ilu ueart, ando ,. deed I on I i to know hilby hls gruffvoee and
i,, s ,, I The little khos relied, "Mother,
i ,,, ,, ,, h,,,hut ieffeetualh., H te then ii .,l l 1 .,. ithoutany feo or wewilltake
i ,,,, inrIue he another oed., and i ig hi n teI of ourelvts" So the old goat
S', h' : n up, andil n d hon hiself besille the body. bleated, to expresss her satisfaction, oad went away
th 1:-'.. o ot a whie the dead mn became warmn, soand without aistrust






GRIMM'S FAIBY TALES. 5
Before long, a knock was heard at the door, and a nd upon hr return ripped the wolf up; scarcely had attractive and lovely could be found i the wholoworld.
voice sid, "Open the door, dear children; your she commenced, than a kid's head appeared, and The young kg observed that the faithful Johan
mother is here, and has brought something for eah when she bad finished, all six sprang joyfully out, always passed this door and iquired why he did uot
of you." But the little kids discovered very e ly without having suffered the least harn, for tle wolf open it for him. There Is snsretfg tlerein," said
by the gruff voice who it was, and cried out, ha swallowed thm whole. The mother r he. would frghten you ;" but th kig replied
no; we shall not open the door, you are not ou. f 'i r -ii. i 1 atle. rove this
Ii .rL* .... .-l otn. t Ir'i
th ,, -ot,' re to nit.
.t .i t. t r, c tg ko- k--.,: tI t held him back, saying, "I
sain -t r-. .e o.... r. La ur .t r; yi or ', W t .' r I on his i 'dath-ad, thet you
this chamber corntin -d not.,
c r, N, 'a urgo your w"' h;i it may bring










it tle spring, ad itxped him- should r The instant iey fell on the i e
i Th _dr d e T w eig htof ,-- i a o a ,i e, -I e ,c ,, ,- ,,;.
If- s d w e t o i o
S- in for th ,, ., ,1 1 ,1 1
returning to the cottage, he Lknoked at the do.r, and he sank to the irlton al. I -. i
syo g. Opie the door d .ear children; your affee- When the kids maw this th ,,
tionate m lther is t 11 ,- C ,, ,, ,, i m
for eachofyou." If ". .' ,. :' ', .:
blackhfot(n heewidow-sill; sothe ohildenaw it --the walf s deed! The daughter of the ku o
and ered, No i. we thallnoct ote the door; our repiedt fth ulJohln I i-unl


it" Theah ber d d re requested ; ,and the wolf TEnr was once anold ktIg. ho was sfiko ant, Jhan, easit me I beseech 1 .
haned, to the lr ler, whion he kmhedr has re- stll y u ,therefore do m' hethigw as o be
some of his white lou over ehs afot. T, 1' i it would not be
thought toe hmelf that thie wol o hed t l servt i ,' ,, spreen. At







and when they saw that it was white, they believed leave h=, and will truly --
all at he sd, an refused th doot. Butthe t s ct me m li." I" i i i 1 ldtth king,
therr eey,Do the wolf, to tir tyueat trror, shall nw de s d .i i leof god-
mamn theyrfre, bo ing va to dlly ia d,mad After my dea .1 r .1 the fu nture ,
third time to the cottage, hknc ked at the door, and other care than that uwluh cnerns edy -t I he isn I let oe of th ing-












rhe hadstisfred hisaetroe hd wollent f the Joh hsw elaye a end approingrd s hae nohepalace nyuruyr f f gold--
cried, "aChldre n, yor aee tionate mother han r st dl yaou and unable to direct hirell therefore do make of t r e
It t a.'er ads .r the y ot ameibgout aunl:youpre i erom t toho ct itin n i, t h.
Susr ely I ned, Show s first a noary f Joha i to h lno and t ise t I .- 1 1 i
your foe, that we may knor truly if yeu are ou dear foeter-fatr, I cannot ehre te inp i '
otherr" The wolf laid his paw tnhe window; faithful saernt mmiredl I .' t i ,
and when they w that it cwa white, they betieed lWea r ht, ando l tarlv -, ai i
all that he sad, and opened the damor But it was e ot ame y life." h rI ,'i '' a a i' ll l a, w 1
teir en em, the wolf, who, to their great terror, sha ll nw die satisfied an ro- I -i
ame inr They tried in vain to hide theanel .ves: tinued, After y death i.. ., I... .
went under the table, anther neto bed, the third into wholea paac n all the cF .'he '. "'e _s h ',
the oven, the fourth ito the kitchen, the fifth into with their treasure; ut the lod t ehanlher in the iled way, and after a long vo age came t the
the coset, the sixth under the wanhing-tub, and the long pa. age you must not show Ibl--it is that in etth where the princess dwelt. h'e faithful Johan
seventh hio the lebohae. But the wolf found w h d picture the pri d ter to te ade the king rrmam on board, nd wait for him;
them all, and made no baone of them, for he swal- Lig of the golden mansol ,. ts
lowed them all except the youngest, who was hidden hidden. If hIe seae that pito ue,
in the clo k-case, and whom he did not find. When he wil dll all ently Inve wtI
he had satisfied his appetite, he led about of the it, swan away, nd afterwards
cottage, and feeling father Idle, laid himself down encounter great dangers n her
anderatree na greenmeadow, adfll fastasleep. court; you omust. therol re,
Not long altet ds, the goat cam e Iome out of preserve hint from tLris.' Te
the wood. Ah I what a sight met her vew I The fnthful Johian once more i i
hote-door stood wide open, tables, stools, and chairs raised the ktng to lroe fur
were overturned, the whang-tab tn prees, countoer- words, and shlrtlv after tie
nr and pillows strewed about in terrible confalonr latter expiired trnqouill.
he sought her cldren, h ut they were nowhere to When the iunradl of thie late
be fend; she called them by name but no reply ing had taken place, Jphn rt-l.
ane. At length, ashe was passoring neae the pce ated a that lihe ld nir.mosedc
where the youngest was concealed, she heard a weak him on his detlh-bed to the
valeisry, Dear mother, I'm in the "lk-curs" new king assuring him etht h
Se instantly opened it, and there wan the hid, who would anseentuoiy fulfil all
relatedthe misfortuonethalnt had befallen themrt rough his late master's wishes. if t
the wolf, and the dreadful fate of her brother and should even codt him all he held
sister. The anger and sorrow of the old goat can most dear. The timeof mouramg
scarcely be deeribed ; but at length sre became passed, Johan said to his lord, -"It is nowa tinm that i Perhaps," aid he, "I may bring there princess with
calmer, and taking Aher kid with her, resofoed to seek you should see your inheoritacee-I will therefore me when I reture--thereore see that ais in order;
her enemy. When the arrived at the meadow, shbe nw show pan yea paternal rnndenee." He then hare the geld anpahaed and disploayd, cad the ship
discovered him nder the tree, snoring so loudly that conducted him everywher, up and down, through- lking very gay." He then took with him a few
the twrgs trembled. She examined him on all sides, out all, and showed him the rich and manlently small articles in gold, landed. and went straight
and caw that something was moving and juraping finished hbag; one chamber only remained closed- toward the eyal palee. When he entered the
inside him. Can it be possible," aid she, that my that in whih was thedangerous ioture. This pister court, he raw a beantifl maiden standing by a wel,
por children whom this monster bas swallowed for wa so placed that it wr Mdiretly in view when the with two golden pals in her hand, prepamng to
is sapper, ame still alive ?" Fall of lopeb she n door opened,and it war so dmirahly panmted, that one fetch water. Having filled her pla, she turned, atd
her kid qatcly home for scissors. needl and thread, would think it lived and moved; m fart, nothing mre r eeing the strange man, asked who he was and what
's







6 GRIMM'S FAIRY TALES.


he wanted. "I am a merchant," reply i
dpluiyced to her view sime bcnutiful J
figures f Irns i ade of pi
olli ,tnl oht, h t rtty I .

shots ie.. fndt tf llh thl thatt
nset;" thl th- p tetdo d

al rtii snl-t fir hlie wa hr ln artlltt nl t. Wlhen
the k gina dalthttr saw what had b,,en bo ight ftor
Iher nl, I I ho r It r th tlo a a t-11a 1oth th tork-
moan hit it,, l hi i-r.tld the -ould I u thm al, B.lt
lre fulhll rfl,,h: npli'di, "- n I onlh' th'. ""r .,t :[
a rlchr tllnortan.t. uid whait 1 niow show I.u is
i u p u riio n h w h a t n y l -i -
uiire hi thln blrne ret req atlint tin





















ts. I" it h r i .t it t lt i i
akitt. etilre ri, tn cr thl r tta it Ilu .

grtell,., ei i, i t al i i i. n ll t .





Siher e I pt 1t





rbt hy. ee th dn t










e"ond, lut ht they ltnd. a hn ht o rso will or Iug


wdb Mer fl dold the pnc mr. Is there no







t t't, t. .o d ,t
-ra, ,I I ht I' I I I w '
.ill ,r et y 1 th d thi more." n L t ,
-yed to hld it ? he n ow 1w ther






'o 'l' o .... curry i ," ,,',-t


I. -. ...1 a 11 .. .. I. L i. .iL ... -IL. J L .-. i. tlr
i -' 'ii t ..t*t..L,.t. it. 1.a 'ii u*r ..o.LL t-.ral -I n.u.j ia..ur.. ma u


S- t ill i ilr .-r r I.t tr. i na
it. r. r 'Ut tI -c .r ur ior ...ca..nau

a.h*I111 1n ird I I I i' .t' at tL fil ttolt t.t, .1 ra brl. r.Im
Jiliha, who had undertd all he hartd wa from when ie saw the queen coming, he coucaled the




d ar tnter t I .1. ... pleased the ng, ter ho t.,ad ttoght to h,-
etol muI I I I I A r, t.r rr se t. .eIqe... e






* *1 t' ,1 I ,i J. ,i ,i howouldneverhaveconsented." Soheopened
. .l~ ",l 1. ,, i. L T ..... j,
.t r t t





e c ,.-lE ,.--:O ,Ao. a ,41N.
,, "' | r cow to market,
i -.,~ ,'n n'n" L," l 1" ,~ '. I ... ... .. .ei. g thh money,
way home, and
S, i -1 r r .i on all sides the
S , .' 'OhI" said he,
S ' r of oats; but it
S' only soen crowns that I got for
' passing th water, and heard the
S' Stup.id creaturesI said he, you
,,t .. .,t, f,1 ; o ',' awnt at all about it-for it wasn screen, not
ieny sh e hm e ital.. >d ,ol to the groad be tght. crows that I gL" The fogs stil continued
, deaL ilton wehtc. ttCgtItr n that anms, he toecry. Ak, ak, akt and thts ade him ongry. so
I' h slud- "If yt don't teltoe it, I will count t em,
Sand show you." Takingthemoney out of his pocket,
he et nted svt n e rowns, each crown twenty-four
r r t wouldn't heed hsrckon-
S, .: s rT i their "Ak. akri "Well,"
nd d' -' .- "ifyou know better than I
iod c uil t J l1 n t i, t r. nd thus aying, hr cast the
'' .~ '. .1 n < ,1, -. 1 H I ad counted it
'' a a n r aT .. t but th fro g
'" ' -' i r 1 :, u and howe


















their father, the hlItr ca ct s omiful I:o-k at the c

t" t t tl' r '" t .t to atL. ttte, .r .r .T

I h t I i Is Icr "




a ,. a
I j ; i I 1 -l; i ii ,, i j i i


ther'' fat1r. t la tte i C Jr a 1 odt hakt the -







i I L'. n-- ... i II '. r. ,>n._ I. i.. ,y I *i1. *d a r




rr


GRIMM'S FAIRY TALES.


fum a and barking. he did not cease,
despite a fw light the said, "I very
we yon want ome of the meat, but I should be a
fine lor wre I to bto w it upon yo." The dug
answered with a bark, which the lly man inter-
prted as a promise to .pay for it, so he inquired if
the hound would also hbe surety for his fellows, that
they should not devour it on the way home, and re-
ceivng what he considered a satisactory reply, he
aid," Well, if you will hae it o, I ill ea the
meat ith you, and you can bringme th money; I
now you, and where you live, but I must have my
money in three days, or you will fnd yourself badly
off." Upon this, taking the moat from his shoulder
he placed ait t the dipouel of the dog, nd retuned
home. The latter were not slow in attacking the
beef, press ng their satisfaction by lod brks,
which rched the fnrer's ear as he retired his
stuep After three days, the farmer sd to himself,
" This evening your pockets will be filled,'- reflec-
tion which caused him no mell joy. Time, how-
ever, passed by, and no o appeared to settle
expected yacount There is no dependence to be
placed o any one in these days," maidhe; so, losing
is patience, he determined to go to the town and
demand payment of the butcher who was the dgs
master. The butchebor considered it a joke on the
part of the farmer, ut the latter said, "Joking
apart, I ant my money for the carecse of beef
which your great dog brought home to you three
days ago." The butcher uon this became angry
seized a great stick, and drove him out of his
shop. "Only wait, jnustic s yet to be found
in the world," sidthe farmer. He then went
straight to the kings place, a fr a hearing.
Being brout before the king and his daughter, the
former askdwhat he had to complain of ? "Ah! "
said he, "the frogs and the dogs hve cheated om out
of m property, and the butcher paid me with thehtick!"
rting at length all atat d befallen him. Upon
hearing the story the princess began to laugh loudly,
and the king mid to him, "I eaanot do you der
justice you ask for, but yon shall have my daughter
for your wife instead. During her whole life she has
never laughed until now, and I have promised to
bestow her upon him who should make her laugh;
take her, therefore, and be thankful for your wonder-
ful fortune." Oh I" answered the farmer," I will
have nothing to do with her; I have already wife
at home, and that is one too many. When I enter my
house, it seems as if there was a wife in every comer.
This enraged the king, who said, "Fellow, you aro a
churl "iAh, my lon king i answered the farmer,
"what an you expect from an ox, except beef "
" Well," mid the king, "get yon gone now-you shall
have payment of another sort; come bac in three
days, and you shall have five hundred counted out to
you."
As the fIrmer descended the palae steps, the sen-
tinel said to him, fAs yon have made the king's
daughter laugh, you have doubtless received some-
thing very handsome." Certainly," replied the man;
"I an to have five hundred counted out to ma"
"Listen," msid the soldier; "give me a prt-what
will yon do with so much money ? "As yon wish
for some," said the faumer, "yon shall have two
hundred; go to the king, in there days, and have
them counted out to you." A Jew standing near
heard the conversation, nd running up to the farmer,
held him by the eat, exclaiming, hat a fortunate
man!-but of what use will the crowns be to you ?
let me have them, and I will give yon their worth in
smaller money." "As you will, friend,-you may
have the tirer hundred which rremn--give me the
change at once; in three days from ths, you can
receive payment from the king." The Jew, exulting
over his bharin, produced his money, cheating the
farmer out oe about ono-thied, who went away quite
contented. After three days the larmer, according to
the king's command, appeared in his presnce. ', Strip
off his coat,p sid his majesty-"he shall have his
five hundred." "Sir," sLd thenma, "they no longer
belong tome two hundred have I presented to the
sentint, and three hundred exchanged with a Jew-
by rights, therefore, nothing belongs to me." Atthis
junture the Jew and the soldier appeared to claim
what they had gained from the famer, and received
the corret amount of stripes acordingly. The sol-
dier took it patiently, fr he was already acquainted
with the rod, hat the Jew howled teiby, and


lamented for his crwns. The king's dspleasure and steal my rnpion ?-evil hall betide you for
against the farmer being now appmeaed, he could not this." Ala I replied the mano, pray be merciful
help laughing, and said,-- As you lost your reward, -for I have only acted a, frot, strong iooeasity; my
even before it came into your poessiom I must give wife saw your nunpiuns fnin thIe window, and felt o
you some compensation; trore, go into my trca strong a desire fr them, that she must have died had
Bury, and help yourself to a much money as you it nut leoon gratified." This apnheasodd in some
wish." The man did not wait to have this repeated, doeg, the dislrsen of the nmgirian and she aid,
but stuffed as much into his large pockets as they "f it b a you say, I will bestow the rampuni
I o I in as y Il eny eytso, but u mn one
would held. Ho then went into an inn. and counted up-n vou s frea1uenly an yieo pIae, ht Ionu one
his money. The Jew, who had slly followed lhnn, codition-yu shall give mo th child, of which yo
heard h e grbletohimnself, while counting his
money, sying The rogue of a king has not kept
Sword; wy did he not give min what I ought to
a then I s d have Icein e 1 had my right
-now who can tell whether l might not have bad
twiceas mull ?" Oh'I" said thie Jew to himself,
'he is spealqag darrenpectfullyol our Iced the tong--
I will ren nd inform hin; then Ishll got some-
thing as a reward, and he t puuishent lie de- y
erveoa" When the king hard of the fan a -
speeh he was ver wroth, and bid the Jew bring the
ffonder instantly before him. The Jew huastned back, a B
od maid to the n"mn, "'cin v instantly to the king.
just as yo are." I 'better what becomes me,"
replied he, shall f get a new ca Do yo o
think that with so muchToney in my koiket I on
appear he thne a a rags rith e ? 'c The Jew l
sindg that the funner was not to be persuaded to go
without a bettor coat, and firing that the king 's
anger might evaporate, s that he should loe o l his ill shortly be the parents. This will be greatly for
reward, and the other his punishment, replied," Well, the child', advantage, and I will tend it a smother."
for friendship's sake, I will lend you a fine cat for a The man, in his fright, promised evrsthing;e so,
bhe I artrnq hifrh nchbr e ia g g o
short trme, but I assure you evh ody would not do shortly after, when tdi child was born, thd ngiin
so much for you." This pleased the farmer; he took apprud invmediutel, ave it the name of lapunul,
his Ecat, and went with him to the king's presence, nd ton k it away with her.
who sharply rebuked hin for the treasonhle speech Bapu l became the most lovely child that the
which the Jew had reported. "Ahl' said the man, esn ever shone upun; and when she was twelve
"a Jew is always flso--truth never uomcs out of years ol, the nmaician shut her up in a tower, whih-
hi mouth; and the rogue whlo stands there is truly was in a wood: other were neither ste nor d
ew, and I dare s would even swear that the coat it, nd only a very small window at the top;
I wear i his." What do you mean ?" interrupted when the magicun desired to enter, she placed he.
the Jew-" is not the crat mine ?-did I nut lend it sul beneath, and cried, Iapunzl, Rapmusl, M
you out of friendship, that you might make a proper your hair down to meol" Now, Bapunsel had
appearance before the king ? When the king splendid long hair. a bright and fine as gold,
heard this, he said," The Jew has certainly deceived when she herden she .eard the mnlgiian's voice, she unbound
samebvdy-either myself or the famer- therefore he her tresses, aid winding them around a hook in the
must pa a fine." This the unfortunate Jew wa window-frame, to secure herself from a sodden
compelled to do, upon pain of going to prison; but descent, she then allowed the remainder to hana
the fanner returned to is himce. with his money in from the window, to the length of twenty elel; and
the pocket of the coat which belonged to the Jew, by this the old woman was accustomed to enter the
quite satisfied with his day's work. tower.
After tw or three years, it chanced that the king'l
-- on, in ndig through the wd, passed by the tower,
and heard a voice singing so enchantingly, that be
RAPUNZEL. was compelled to stop anlistn. It was BapnauMl,
who ths amused herself in her solitary abod, and
T was asonce a man and his wife who headlong whoe sweet voice equalled that of the choarinte of
vainly wished f a child; butt at t they hoped the grove. The prince soughtin vain for a deor by
their prayers were about to be granted. Now, thee which to enter, and returned home dironeolate ; but
people had, at the back of their house, a small the voice had so deeply touched is heart, that he
window, which looked into a butiful garden, full of everyday rode to the wood to listen to it. One day,
the met level plants and owrs, but urou d by standing hchind a tree, he saw te magician approach,
high walls. One day the woman stood at this win- hard the words j "apncl I Bapnl I let down
dow, looking into the garden, and saw a bed filled your hair, and sa the los descend fr the ld
with the most beautiful rapions, which looked so woman's etrance into the tower. "If that is the
fresh and green, that she felt the greatest desire to ladder by which they ascend, I will try my lck too,"
eat of those said rampions. This increased everyday, aid the kings son. Accordingly, the nextday, a it
nd as she knew it was imposible to procure any, hgan to grow dark, he went to thetower, nd tried,
she fell away, and became daly thinner and paler. "BarunazeII Inapunzcll I let down your hair I" In-
This alarmed her husband, and he inquired of her stn tly the hair tll down, and the prince asned
owat was the matter, that sle seemed so miserable ? Lapunzel's terror was great, when she B trew a
Alas t" said she, if I cannot obtan some of the man enter, never having seen iach a being befeaw
rampiona, which grow in the garden behind our but as the prince spoke very kindly to her, end.eld
house, I shall die." The man, who loved his wife her what an impresion her charming voice haded
greatly, said to hmlsehlf, Batherthan my wifoshould os his heart, so that he had noresf, until he rfvId
die, it would be better to obtain for her some of the to make evry effort to see the fair songsf a.hebe-
rampions-let It ct what it may." In the dusk of came moretranquil; and whenhe e akedhertobeeom
the evening he aoraodingly got over th wall of the his wife, seeing that he was young eandhome.rhe
magician's garden, snatched hastily a handful of ram- said to herself, He will certainly lole me more than
pians, and brought then to his wife, who made them the old woman dies ;" therefore she laid her had in
n sala d, nd ate it geredily; but it pleased her so his, ad consented. She added, "I would gladly
much, that she foundthe following day that her eave this plae, and follow you, but I do not know
desire was three times as great as before, and that if bhow to get down; yon must therefore hring.a lken
they were to have any peace, her husband must ance cord with yon every time yonr come, and I will twist
more venture nto ithe garden. This hedid, inthe itintobealadder;whenit iscomplete, Iwill dmesend,
dush of the same evening, but without the good fo- end yo shall taeo me with you n yor hvoe."
tune that attended his former attempt; for bdefo.- he They agreed that nntl it was ready, he should omer
had reached thetopof the wall on his return, he saw to h every eve g, as the ld woman cameby day.
the magician standing before him. "How visit that In themean time the magician discovered nothing of
ou centre," said she,"like a thief into my garden, their proceedings, entil Bapmel maid one day, very







8 GRIMM'S FAIRY TALES.

indrceetaly, Glcul mother. howu is t that you are so 1 return," said the inlmuen, and contuiued his
much heavier to draw u than thoe yng kugs son ? i w.
hie comes up to me iII a unolment" '"Whlt do I After a time, the excitement of this adventure
hear.you wicked rhhldy returned '. ,. ,II "Thetimoandway
"I thoughtlI hl let you out --i a colmpnu on." So
and vet Y ,-u ha.I d r d le." Ini -I before long a fox
I ,;,, i I ,i .i i Ah, a foxl"
S .. 1 t." T h e o re-


S ,,, ,d '. nlrtodoll I
.... .......... I -. .... Id you." "1 wdl." said the tfo-"I wldl obey
,,, ,i ,ii th slid yo.u thle clh bd his master" Fllowa me.
thn" l. d tihe uician: and after edlkimg for a
.....'.i civ c1ioer, the e ee,, ec todoth, hectred ea ch side
ea lle and cried. li plunzel! lqapnzel Iet do i i i i i e
vour h:ur,"'lhe li tlhen derelnd rolll Iini TI' I I a
kI ) s son m ]ou tle ,d s usu l Iby th In b lt
thI top, titeadl of his tapunzel, thel l ,
full f fury, 'nd akig o.rfl tly hlde s .
-1od i1e, eccuhdflle. "i ,o eecvir Il ''
heart, but th e heattful bird ho no Ing i . .
acd divs net saig; tIl vI.t have rarroled I .,
and l now th u your reyesI lh I II bl I I i
g-f, ud. mIll re





i c ,a tiis wt e..si dei t i *i I.

t et 1 u 'uglit ieu e air inodlheer u n'ii n*ltuiuuu Tn riiehin was gaoin prm'





set out for hsu i dlo i ,s, ir e thel .c r d, iflull' ui' lde all I \Y fiig, sld
rec'ioed, and 1lil lic iefrcrd il hiolilnlo dai tlhel re. "1 -ill b11r ioi a tlie a puee die his
peace. iiatr T''y the, pru -ded through their -oI

Si endoI
THE WONDERFUL MUSICIAN. lh, h coodd rd the lio o rek and the ota
u in an rgnli t ii' tg I





wl em" up .1u. u '
Ilan tderol '' h .d 'I 0 ui.e ie i i i I


"What a lnutiful ueii III i .i. a n
-I -adh 1 old loar llne ho' n oone, Iod r h' teor ul to tepie As the tnx saw him
runn m he began to howl and
v aso lodly as he oould,
"Irhetbec nll, help air, I heseech
c'.: ther n.uue has heraced
iie." The volt dree dean the
,,, of the tree, bit the cord tha
i dte the ht i feet, aet hi,
at w1tihet and cthou proceeded
Sridl h, m n Vlt hev e anii tiovg te j "it't mt e uiedht f t the,

hiuu, U, theasp)c, to ahi`cht'the
tthbr- e,. fsted, and setting
e4h thloue teaethee allecntinoued

ceecuce t,, his _lmin, nod this
*od had .ehe dthee at a ,,
mewe v .eeceu n.* i, whether
hieoIe.or cn ,, felt himself con-
aswe ecod Ili n ecu hosv only to bd jtaest 'me to t-ed hln le o]e s hnv. dieli htise his'hawh andee




''ci i, L.c Uh ,


a' ,o t h*ii i.i1 i il e 'C Ii a ii." c. i, ti s


dance, and the woodman eon saw they had some evil
projectin their mind. Raisinghihbright bi-hookand
placinghimself in front of the musician, as if he would
say, "Whoever thinks to touch him had better remem-
ber h will have to dowith me." The animals clearly
saw they should have no chance of taking vengeance
for the affront put upon them, they therefore quickly
decamped, leaving the musician to ponr out his thanks
and sweet tone, to the admiration of the wood-cutter
before he continued his journey.


THE HOST OVERREACHED.
CHUATICIl.un said one day to Daom Partlett, I



a i













While they were thus contending. a duck came


l-e -_5 -"


was obliged to beg for me nd was elled, as
a punishment, to allow herself to be harnessed to the
carriage. Chanticleer then took his place on the box
as coachman, and did not spare the duck, compelling
her to go as f as she was able. After proceeding
thu for e tome, they net two foit-passeagers,
Sed a nedle, who called out loudly, Stop
l ard le who I
Si adding, that as it would shortly be pitch-dark
wer afraid of proceeding, and it was alo so
i in the roads that they would be very happy to
S -re sor to addthat
1" 'k .. / i r tailors outside the
r I I Chastiv-tsawwiin




duck, beside, being so weary tht she tottered from
side to side, they entered, intending to pss the night.
The hot. at first, made many excuses: hishous wa
already full, he said, for h thought within himself
that they might not prove very desirable guests.
tHowever as they were very civil, and promised hir
not only the egg that the hen had laid on the way,
but that he should have the duck who would lay hnm
one every day, he at last consented to their stayin
the night. The party upon this ordered supper, and
enjoyed themselves heartily. Early the next mom-
ing, a day began to dawn, and all in the house were
yet asleep,Chanticleer waked up the hen, fetched the
egg, enacked it, and ate it up between them, throwing
the shell on the ashes. Then they went to he pin,
and finding her eep, o her by the head, and
stuck her i the cushion of the hoat's chair, the needle
being seized ill like manner, and put into his towel.
They then, without further ceremony, flew over the
hedge; and the duck, who preferred sleeping in the
open air and therefore remamed n the court, hearing
the rush of their wines as they flew off, looked about
' u *" i h little brook, swam away
. 1 ..-s r. had drawn the carriage.
*.r a ,' I. it i ost lifted hishead from
r i l di.,' -- -, prepared todryhimself
S ir cious needle made ate
r 1 .i -i., ..,- r face, andas he wentinto
1 .- i, ti. r ,., ethehot egg-shellflew
i 'i .1 .' EvLerthingseemsto
Sr :, i; u,, ,: ringg" aid he, andhe





GRIMM'S FAIRY TALES. 9

sunk despondingly into his ansi-chair, but quictJl [L-W .5 sIh .sIlr 11,, I,,u. II ,, 1r ,i i "i,.,' i .,r ,. ,,- UsA'*
Sup aga, exclaimg loudly, rL.J it u. tew ', ...u '." i I. w it 1,*L 'r ,, u. .. i *i ,-i 1r. .
hitre se myetworsethanthe needk .l- ..i Ft. .,I .Iii, i..Li. i i .,I i ; i,., N I J Ua I
noyed, his suspicion at onee turned au '. i. I .. L-. .ti i i i I j Ir,
who had arrived so latethe previous r .,.i, L..IJ '. ..' '..' i'.. ,,,. 11 1 l1.1 ., i.1 i j .l.'
upon looking after them, they wi ii1 i '
,.. 1" 1:. : :.. .: ...





THE TWELVE BROTr E : ', i .r -a i ..i r
Tuee, was ne.a tki and a 11 i I Lu.



set nidy and sad
ioni ,a placed e, 1 i i


er to say sthig of the matte s ti ay one e to fo .. .. I r i ided i s th s s t








^_. ,., -' r .- ,.,,, .i..i,| ., the young qugat to
key of which the king delivered to the queen, charging naide. i, i '1 ." ,....'.i '"
her to may nothing of theo atter to any oe. The to fonr- ,, .. .. 'I .., -u ., iindeld in the court
mother was very unhappy: she at ad grieved will v i i i".... of consuming her.
thewhole day, that her youngest whoal she set i" .. nd i t' i, t ,, ,i i ,' i iew, grieving deeply
had called Benjasi, and who was always with ier, be, "you shall not die ; yourself under this at the fate that awaited one hie still loved o greatly.
1. .i id, "Dear mother, why are you s little tub untd te elev come, and I The queen was lound to a take, and the fire al edy
ai r. child,"re ed thqueen, "I da make so me arangement She did as encircledhrwithtongIueeofintlei;this,howeverwas
not tell you." But he left her no peae, until she required, ad at nigit ll tie other returned preisely the moment a th e seven year expired,
had unlocked the chae ber ad showed him the from hunting, and sat dewn to tble. While they and a rushing sound was ioard in thie air. This pro-
twelve coffins, adding, "My dear Benjamin, these were eating, they asked if anything had happened, eeedad from twelve ravens, who, approaching the
coffins have been madebyyour father's orders for you to which Bennjain replied, "Do you not know?" spot, settled on the ground, and the instant they
ad eleven brother; i case I should have a "No," said they. What ,* i i "have lighted were restored to their original eape. The
daughter, you will all be pat to death and buaed you been oat in the wotd a" ,., t have re- twelve brothers instantly scattered and extanguished
therein." While saying this she wept bitterly, and iainied at home, and yet 1, I you ?" the fire, set their sister at liherty, and embraced her
was inconsolable; but the boy replied, Dearest Tell us, tell us," cried they. Promise me, then," tenderly. Being restored to speech, she at once re-
mother, weep not, we will help ourselves and all go said he, "that the first maiden that meets a shall not tlted to the king all that had befallen her, and the
away." After refecting moment, the mother said, be killed." Well," sid they all, she shal be safe, cause of her neither speaking nor laughing. The
"This shall you do: go with your eleven brothers "onlytelluswhat yoknow." "Then,"said Benjamin, king ried greatly when assured of her innocence,
nto the wood, ad let oe mount the highest tee h "our sister i here;" and rasng the tub, the king' and they thencefward lied in t interrupted ht-
can fnld, and remain always on the watch, looking daughter came forth in her royal robes, with the star many; bt the wicked stp-mother was fund glty
towards the tower of the alace. If I have a little on her brow, and was o beautiful, tender, and kind of falsely accused the queen, and being thrown into
son, I will order them to play white flag, as a that they rejoiced greatly, and embraced her with a vessel filled with boing oil and poisonous make,
sign that you may severely return; but if a daughter, much love, died a miserable death,
a red flag wll appear, and then fly as quickly as you After this she remained at home, and helped Ben-
can, and ay Heaven protect you. Every eight I jamin with the work. The eleven went out as before
will rise andpray or yoin th winter, t hi at you to obtain gase of all kinds but Benjamin and his THE nOX AND THE CAT
may have fre owm yo, and smmer, a shelter sister remained at home to prepare the food. They r H OX AN E
from the heat" brought in wood for the fire, colleted herbs in the IT happened one day that a cat met dMr. Ileni
After blessing all her sos, they departed as she wood, cooked, and hd the fod always ready when in a we and as she thought he was talented a
bade them into the wood. They kept watch by the eleve returned. She also kept the hat in order,
turns on the top of the hiheest tree, and looked for made the httie beds, and was so useful that the
the ag. After eleven days had passed, and it was ot were w ted ad led yhappy
ad ro an ofl.wy lnt hnd n d h eed vaer hap iy




Bejai's t to wat, h sw a flag displayed, with her. One day the two left at home had prepared
it was not a white, as they hoped,ut a red one, an excellent feast, and when the brothers returned,
which announced the unwished-forevent. When the and they were all together, they sat down, ate and
brothers heard the intelligence they were filled with drank, and were fll of mirth.
rage, ardsaid," Shall we fora,_ girl all suffer death ? Now, a small garden svaounded the hut, and as
Wa swear to avenge ourselves tor such in=utice, and twelve beautiful white lilies chanced to he at thistie \me
that when once we find girl, her red bood shall in bloom therein, the maiden, thinking to please her
flow." They then lunged deeper into the wood, brothers, plucked the twelve flowers, in order to pre-
nd it n the idt, where almost dark, sent one to each; but at the moment she did thi, the
theyond a miserable little empty hut. "Here will twelve brothers were changed into twelve ravensand
we dwell," said they, nu, e njamin, beingthe took their flight into the wood, the hut and the little
ygest and weakest, hal stay at home and keep garden vanishing ath t ime. In the greatest
whi heothersgoouttoroure food" T am the poor girl looked asromd, upon finding her
wa readily found in the wood, whew e, they shot hare self alone m the wood, and perceived an old wo ma
and deer, fs pigeons and other birds fit for food, standing near her, who thus addressed her. "My
nd btn g it to Benjamin, upon him devlved the child, what hve yo done? Why could yo not experienced, and had good position in thw
charge ipreps rng it for the party. Thus they leave thewhi iles they wereyourtwelvebrothers, she was inclined to be very pcl.ie me satie Is



-* '" .-te' .t'. '-t .... *. r -
f-ont i h e is hr twsans n oeo~o ttemmn h i hs

thevonn a mserb~ lttl empy ht. LHsr wil I welv brther wee choge int twteit'hJ~an






10 GRIMM'S FAIRY TALES.

him, and sad, Good day, good Mr. Fox, how are be changed into a wolf, and devour her. This the and I shall be left alone in the world, and forsaken
you? how are .: .: on? I hope these hard brother again promised, but added, "I will only wait of all-I will not let yo go out." "Then I shall
times do n.t But the haghty fox until the next spring, then I must drink, say what die here of grief," returned the creature; "when I
1 i i i i -- too great toe before." hear the hunting-horn, I fel as if I mst spring
t- : the sister heard n the forth." When t sister heard this, she knew she
1 ., ,1 ,1ii 1 1 hoeCer drinks of me, wl would not do otherwise, so she sorowfuly opened the
SiI. .1 I nk of me, wip become ar door, and the fawn, fullof life and pleasure, sprang
ri i oreprayed her brother forth in the wood. When the king agun caght
S- become a deer and run sight of him, he gave orders that he should be
* 'I, I , ,i i i i; he had already knelt hunted closely the whole day, till night fell, but that
do ? 1 ian ,ily do one ithng: I undebtand but down and drunk. nd as the first drop touched his they should be careful not to do him the least injury.
one art." aniscrd the e.t. modestly. "And prahyhp i i At sunset the king ordered the huntsmen to show
what i flt? nquiired the fox. When the dogs I 111 I i over her en- him where the hose stood that he had told him of.
are after me. I ci, run up a tree and sae myself." chanted brother, and te little fawn wept likewise The men obeyed, and when they stood before the
"Is th.it :dl?" returned the fox, it-- i t .ir t1 I .r \ tOr time. Be satisfied," door, the king knocked, and said, "Little sister, open
* I;un master of a tlhouand arts; a i .i .. I i .. I .- i, for l wll never leave thedoor." Thedoor opened, and the king entered,
have an .le sack-full of nngtr o i : o: bbon, she fastened it but wasastonished to behold amdenmore beautiful
Come a ilh me. and I will show you i terwards a long cord than any he had ever beheld. The sister was fright-
the dug 1 .. 1 1 i -.s ,, n.r : the fawn she expected,
reeeii* ii ii ., si r 1 ee 1s crown ; however, the
ccald -i i i i e her his hand, and
bramnh I, i ; i alace with me, and be
painio. Ii 'i-' I i ihegirl"but thefawn
-k!t i i i ,r,. -. r forsnke it." It shall
hin fs j ,, ,, ir .I a yon live," replied the
hub drd erti i iifawn, who ate out of her hand, king, and want for nothing." Whle speing, the
known hicw i 1 i 1 i r very happily. In the evening, creature sprang in; the maiden fastened the cord
Sour lfe.' tired had a id her prayer, again to the collar, and leading it from the cottage,
oer laid her head upon tlhe fawn's back for a pillow, closed the door.
THE LITTLE BROTHER AND SIhTER ., I r ugnow aced the sister on his horse, and
THE LITTLE BROTHER AND SISTER. *" '" "- ; ",, ',, ; ,herto ?^al ;', h .th rigw
A LITLE brother took his sister by the Land, and i with great magnisience, after whih she
said, Since our mother died. ,\ hae beenu very un- ode. It happened, however, that the kg of the passed her days as queen very happily; the fawn,
happy Our sttep-imoilu r heats ua eiery day. andfld f 1 i i i i and also, was tended with extreme care, and enjoyed its
we go to lr, he uuls us away t her fot. The te i .. 11 the hberty in the palace gardens.
hunters, were heard in all dire- In the meantime, the wicked stepmother, who had
t T1 1 1 1 11- 11 , r 1 1 -d








S'' hse words. I shall not be at hand at the eight moment" This moment
S, ji ,, door."i The king and npidly approaced, andh hen the ueenbeme the
S \his iltsilea the util other tifullittle son,the od with atmd
I creature as soon as it appeared, the form of the attendant, and the king being absent
., -.- and inuniodiately pursued it, hu t the hase, shentered the chamber, saying "Come,
in vain: ohen they thought madam, the bath is ready which will restore you to
they should certainly come up health-hnsten, that it become not cold." Her
S ; ] i. i ng over bushes, and disappeared daughter being at hand, assisted in conveying the
S Towards evening, when itnecme queen to the bath-room, and putting her in the bath;
S i d to the little house. knocked, and then closing the door, they hastened to depart,
S, 1 stcr. let me m !" The door w leaving the unfortunate young qeen to suffocate
S, ned. he sprang in, and rested the m a bath heated ten times more than usual."









hush l I think I can hiear oie running I i i i it slightly in the foot, so that drawn aside, lest the light should prove injurious
arose, tokhis sister by the Ihan. a I v, and he was able to and under pretene of her requiringest, induced the
thebroiok. Nw, the tep-mlher t I i without clover ig that a false queen
had seen the children depart: so hie crept after the house, heard,; 111 .i- r 5 Now, when it was midnight, andall
secretly, as itches creep, and h.ad rcha ed all the w which the door opened, and the fa i .,, 1 .i "i .' the nursery, by the
wells in the wood. vng found a hrwik that n Tthin. Tle astomshied sportsman i -., .,: -i v the door open, and
te -. 1 thechild from the
i L .iii 1 i I I iI 11 1 1i ihen said the king, radle to her arms, and fed it. She then shook up
Si his little pillow, laid it again in the cradle, and
S ,, t u 111ech alarmed when covered it up warm; then, not forgetting the fawn,
uto i She bathed the pshe psed to the comer where he lay, d stroked
treated him not to drink, lest he sh i!. : r jr 11' t e passed out
into a wild beast, and te her to pie i i 1 i i 1 .1 -iurse inquired of
brother said, that ilthiough he as i i, i I ., i- anyone had
i 1 ,i i r -,, i r, , c' he eived for
.. Se'enl ights
e_ visited geah
.... ., i '5, i ,' ''stehe.
ut ve.






GRIMM'S FAIRY TALES. 11
After some time had thus passed, the queen one courted her, and the marriage son took place. The and go and sweep away the now outside the back
night spoke, saying- next morning, when the girls opened their doors, door for us" "You may swep it for youselves,"
there stood before that of the man's daughter milk returned she; "I am not your srvant." After wait
-What will my cldd do-and what m deer to wash with, and wine to drink; but for the mg sometime, erceiingthattheywerenot ielinad
After two days, I am no longer near. woman's daughter, water only was provided for both toestow anything upon her, she went out of the
The nurse made no reply, hut son as the qee purposes. cottage. Then the little men consulted with eeh
h nd ureed, she ent to the ling and related e vr- e second morning, however, there was neither other what they should give her. The det id, "I
thgto him. Als said the in ,"what can milk nor wine, but water at beth dors; but on the will that she became ug every day;" the second,
t an? I mys will watch y e c the hi thtnd the casewas changed; milt adwine were for "And I, that t every wod he speaks toad shall
nnthean ordngly he went to the nu the woman's daughter, ut water only for the man, come out of her mouth;" and thethird id, ~Tet
and hut m he qent n and it was er after. The woman was bitterly s to an unhappy d." The girl was
Sa dou eght h e q ununkind topped. her sto pdoughter, and could ind no treat e thi. tim.e l ing lor a enhyeer ; hut ading
sying- meant suiciently d lrher; for she was enio none, she returned home in very bad bumour,
What will my child do-and what my deer? of herbeutyand amiable manners, erowndaughter and upon attempting to relate to her mother
After once more, I am no longer here." being ngly ad disagreeable. On day in winter, what had occurred in the wood, a toad fell from
when everything was frozen like a stone, and hill her mouth at each word, so that she inspired all
Then nursing the child as usual, she carssed the and valley were covered with snow, the woman made with horror.
deer, and vanished. The king ventured not to a dressof paper. called the maiden to her, and said, The stepmother was greatly enraged, and thought
address her, but he watched gain the following put on this dress; go into the wood and fetch me continually of the means of during her husband's .
night, when, as before, she said- basket full of strawberries, for I long to eat some" daughter, who daily grew more beautiful. At length,
"What will my child do-and lhat my deer ? Ah I" said the girl, "strawberries do not grow in she one day put a large kettle on the fire to boiler
winter, the ground is frozen u, and the now covers yarn before bleaching, and when this wasdone, hang-
but this time she added- '" ist wear a paper res ? a it on the maiden's arm, she gave her an ax,
i 11 i. one's breath freezes; the bidding her go to the frozen river, make a hole in
"Thi is the lt time I come here." wind will blow through it, and the thorns tearit from the ice, and rnse the yarn. She obeyed, went to
The i d no longermy body "Do you dare to contradict me ?" sad the river, and began to break the ico; but while thus
to hed coad o longer re nhe sprag the stepmother. "Get you goe I and le e t e see engaged, a magnificent carriage re by, i which
towards her, and aid, Y can be no other than u bk until you have filled the basketwith stw- t the king. The king ordered the oahian to
my dear wife!" ToT whih she rejoined "I am erries." The giving her a piece a- hard breadshe stop, and addressing the girl, said, "My child, who
your dear ife; for in the same moment she was added that wil last o r to-dy; thinking to ar you, and hat are you doing ?" "I am a poor
restored to life and health. Se related the cruelty herself, out of doorshe s lr free and starve, and girl, and ao rinse g yal," replied she. Thentho
that had been practised upon her by the witch and I shall see nothing more of her.'" ki felt campassian, nd seeing she was very bean
her daughter, and the ing ordered thm instantly The maiden obeyed puth a n th e n iful, said, "'tl you go with me "Ah yes,
to be brought to justice. Being condemned, the wntoutwithherbslet; the snow ythicly every- willigly," returnedthe girl, forshe felt gladtolearv
daughter was exposed to the wid beasts n the here, and not a rreen salkt was to be seen. When her unkind mother and sister, who cared nothing for
wood, and torn to pieces, hut the witch was con a she came itot the weod, she perceived a little cottage, her.
demned to the flames; and as soon as she was reduced out of which there drf wore peeping. She wished So she entered the carriage, continued on her way
to ashes, the deer resumed his human hfor-so that them good morning, and then knocked modestly at with the king, upon arriving at the palace, the
the little brother and the Lttle sister lived happy the door. They bid her enter; sa she went m, and marriage took place with great pomp. After a yar,
together to the end of their days. too her seat on the bench by the stove, for she wisthead t on queen as, and the stepmother haing
to warm herself and eat her breahasst. Give us head of the good fortune that bad happened to he
some," sad the dwarfs, when they saw her prepare daughter-inlaw, went with her daughter to the
to eat. Willmgly," replied she; and breaking her palace, as if to make a vist on the occasion. Find
THE THREE DWARFS IN THE WOOD. plecu of bread in half, gave them one of h the hki out a nd nobdy present, the wicked weman
Tnt war ne a man who had the mifartone to p e "Haow will you get on in the intcr, toak re queen by the head while the daughter taok
o a on e a man wh so t tr m the wood, with suh a thin dress? then asked her By the feet, tney raised her from her bed, and
hnhsbad at the same time-the man havin the. "Ala replied she, "I know not. I am opening the window, thr- w her out into the river that
daughter, and the woman one likewise. The girls hhged to fil my basket with strawberries and flowed passed the palace. Then the mother put ht
ere acquaintances, and went out one day to walk; I may not return home until I can procure them." ugly daughter into her place, and covered her up, head
after which they retn nedt to therwmun Thtnurei, pok She nea bad eaten her bread; and they ge her and a. the
at chtyretuedtotrewoansh broom, telling her to go and sweep t she so en the kig returned shorty after, he wished
Sis way from the back dar. When she had gone ut to spesh to the queen; but the old woman pre
y a s hito do as the dwarfs requred, they said to each other, vented him, under pretence that rest was neae-
S" Wbnt sha llwe give her, base she is so good and sary. The king, suapeeting nothing wrong, retired,
lo, iroo e kind and shared her bread with us?" The firs said, bt return d the next moning, and addressed the
S"I will aoke her grao more beautiful every day;" sapposed queen to which she replied but at every
Si; I m y tne she speaks, gold coins word a toad appeared where hitherto a gold coin had
S'1'' 'I' and the thirdsaid, That a fallen. In the rest alarm the ing inquired into
king shall coae and take her far his bride." In the the cause; bt the old woman, whowasnear, assed
meantime, the maiden had done as the dwarfs bade him that it was nothing, and that she would before
her, and swept the mow away from the back of the long be free fr;nl the toads.
cottage; bat what do yor suppose she found there ? In the middle of the night the sellion saw a dnck
Beautiful ripe strawberries! wch looked ost tempt- come swimming in the gottr, saying, "King, what
-" sring as they peeped out of the snow. In her delight, arem you doing ? are you sleeping or awake ?" eBe-
.arBem ^ Bshe filled her asket as quickly as possible, thanked ceiving no answer. she continued, "What are sy
/ _- the dwarfs, shook hands with each of them, and ran get doing ?" They re sleeping fast," replied
home to ileam her stepmother by the sight of what the scllum. "What is my child doing ?" contiued
she longed for. When she entered, and sd, "Good she. tSleeping in the cradle," eid the senn.
Sevtening," a gold coin fell directly ont of her mouth; Then reslnng her own form, the queen went up-
said to the daughter of the man, "Listen, my child; in the wood, gold pieces dropping from her mouth at e covered him up, and swam back through the gutt
say to your father that I should like to marry him, every ward, entil the floor was covered with them. like a duck. This happened for two nights; on
then you shwll ash every moving in mild and Only see he extruvagonea," sad the step-sister; the third she said to the scnllion, Go and tell
drink wine; bnt my daughter ashll only have water "tothrow away gold in such a manner 1" But in the king to bring his sword, and wave it three
to wash with, and water to drink." The girl, upon her heart she was envious, and deared she too would times over me;" at the third time the duck vanished,
going home, related to her lather what the woman go into the wood and eek strawberries. The mother, and there stood his own queen an before, living and
had sad. He replied, "What is to be done for the however, said, "No, my dear little daughter, you will handsome.
best Mrigeis sometimes a goed thing, bt it is e frozen but as the gir lt her have no rest, she The in was greatly rejoiced, hutkept the queen
also sometimes a bad thing." Not being able to a t st consented, made for her a delightful fur dress, conceded in a chamber until the Sunday when the
arrive at an determination, he drew offi h boot, which she made her put on, and gave her bread and child was to be christened. After the eremaey,
saying, ,, Tke thief boot, which has a hole in the butter and cake to eat on the way. he asked, "What doe a person deserve who taea
sole, go into the lobby, hang it on the great nail The girl went nto the wood, and took the road anothC r ont of bed and throws her into the water "
there, and pourwater into it. If i etins the sater, directly to the cottage. The three little dwarfs "Nothing less than being put into a tub, stuck fal
I will take another wife; bht if itrunsthroughIwill pospe ont, but s di not salute them; and, with- of enals, and then raed down the hdl into the erie
not do so." The girl did as she was bid; but the otsking theirpermission. stmnbled into their room, replied the old woman. "Yon have pronouncedpts
water closed up the hole in the bot, andit was full, atingherself by the stove, ad taking out her cake, own sentence," said the king; "let a u he
eventonunningover,.eosheweattotesllherfatherwhat beganntoeat. n Give s some," cried they all; bot brought." The old woman and her daughter Were
had happened. When h heard of it, he wnt to see tb gir replied, "Thereis not emough for myself ptinit, tbehe ead naid down, andthe tab and i
for himself,nd fading it was just aa his daughter how en I give yn any ?" Whn al was gone, the wicked content rolled into the river, whe it di-
had said, he accepted the omen, went to the widow, dwarfs, pointing to a hroom, said, Take that broom aaared for ever.



afL.A






12 GRIMM'S FAIRY TALES.
HANS AND PEGGY Hans ad Pegy sat by the fire, and when it was night, and also the next day, fron morning ntil
noon they each ate the piece of bread, and hearing eenng, bt they could not get out of the woodland
NI nan large wood, a poor woodcutter, his wife the sound of continual blows in the wood, hei- they were y hungry, fo they had eaten nothing
S i .. .. were so tired, too, that their legs,,
S' ., iI. arry them any farther. They were,
'"" '" "" ." .. .,1.- 1 ir ii i"iged to lie down under a tree, and
S.I 1 c *I Ii .eleep.
.i i i' .. the third morning since they hadleft
S' i c ;iir house, and they bogn agam to seek
S- i .--' .- r-.-;, .1 the wood, but theytird every direction
' '"- [i ,-'1 i. i _--ii yonluyseemaedtplungedeeperintothe
Hans conmorted her: "Wait forest; and if hep oame not quickly, they felt they
ntd the moon ries, deare should die. About noon they saw a beautiful aow-
Ssster, and we shall soon white bird sitting on a branch, which sang so
f -find oor way out." And charmingly, that they could not help stopping to
Swhe(n the moon rose, he listen. When it had done, it capped its wings, and
.took Peggy by the hand to flew before them; they followed it, until they
looku for the pebbles, which came to a small house, upon the roof of whih
hon r ---, h, _, e and bit settled. Up approaching, they saw to their
p yote l they nwnder that te hoe was bult of bread, roofed
t baed I' walked wit cae th ake nd the window made of tansrent
t rough the whole night, sagar. "Oh, ste "only lookIHnow
ad eue at breat of day we wil take a good dirner; I wil have piece of
iu sight of their faher the rof, and ou shall eat some of the window-it is
t- lue. They knocked at so sweet as accordingly reached up to the roof,
dor; and when the and bre off a small piece, in order to tested i, while
woman opened it and saw Peg stood close to the window and nibbled. A
-the chldre, sae aid, "You gervoice wao then heard out of the hoe, saying
naughty childrenI Why "Nlbblel nibble -who is nibbling my house?"
have you slept so long in The children answered, The wid, the wind I" and
the wood ? We thought continuedto eat without an heltation. Ha find-
-' .. .. ..1i' .. ..'i .. ;-I' .. .. . .. .
'' '







' '' ', ,, '. ,, t e o not ,t nhe.
P Ia k !a













o -' e ', ,, t -, 11 i t n 1 the w i e d o the 1s a le_, 1 d
'o od' i t '"o ." ,, a '~ i ,- ba, P gg'gI o, t lng h i ttl .








.'* -' '- t, a, p or finger ot, tht may




ate hi at, t h ,, ,, ,, t wil l e at.- Hans then put a bone
tii, to d',po o i i 1.' .' ..1 i,1. ,, i i r- the lattice, and the old witch, who had weak
ockt te d i. if l r, could not s- well, tho ght it wa anm'
odito eatod sh i '' I -e ,d wondered that e wold not ftte in the
o lthe'two ,' i' '1 Me ho- w -,i eetPegygotn theb -llr



.ot be cold." Has and P ,ggy so gt a entity they will hep to find way o again" The aining en, t wit tnoat a atne en d w ond
Stee and when th ioen e o and they goI" t op to purue their way, bt wait no longer. "Peggy," ried she, "eone, be
"Nowhree r, t "" po chdren to nd not a single crmab-thou- quick, and fetch in water-let haneh bft orea n,
Sac going the hh frequented the wood adpied t I ha kill him and hre him "
k oowe bee done, we ai the, ap tae sad, We shal be able to tnd oar AlI I than how= the p tle ister mented while
come back and fetch you." way,"but they found it not. They walked the whole obliged to cany the water, and how the tears flowed





GRItMICS FAIRY TALES. 13
down her cheks l Alas" eried ashe, "would that' ot very eentric, for she had taken avow never to the faithful servant, who hbad secret observed 'al
the wild beasts of the wood hbad devoured us-then rsive any one for her husband who would not that passed, launched a small boat from the ship,
we had died together." "Cease your noise," oid the promise, if she died before him, to pemoit himself to descended into it, rowed after his master, and allowed
old witch," itisl useless" be interred with her. "If he lov e mewith all his the traitors to psne their way. He tookthe dad
The nextmorningeaely,Peggywasobliged to rise heart," aid she, "he will haveno inclination to body, and by- the hlp of the make's leave, whics'he
.,fill the kettle with water, and place it over the fire surrvie e." On the other hond she was quite rodye hAd with him, happy restored it to life. Day and
he ad lighted. "We will bae flrst," sad the old to mahe him the some pomse n o csee died irst, night they rowed with all their power, and their
woman; 1 I have lighted the fire, and the doogh is This singular vow bad hitherto deterred all suitors, mall bark flew o qiclky that they arrived even be-
already kneaded." She then pushed Peggy towards but the young man was so enchanted by her beauty, fore the ship. The king, astonished at their coming
the oen, saying, Crawl m aod seet it s roply that he heeded nothing, but applied to her
heated, and then we will put in the bread. Now, father for permission to marry her. "Do
she intended, when Peggy was in, to close the door, you know what yoe must promise ?" asked
that she likewise might be baked, and redy to eat the latter. "I must desceed with her into
Bat Peggy guessed her deign, aod sid,' I am not tde grave," was the answer," if I srvive;
used to this sort of oven-I do not know how to do but my love is great that I heed not the
it-how shah I get in ? Silly goose mid the condition." The king then consented, and
witch, "the openetg is larg enough; looh-Icoold the marriage was ceebe td with extra.-
get in." aying ths, she hobbled forwards, and put ordinary magnificene.
her head into the opening. Peggy upon thit gave For some time they lived mst happily
her quickly suoh a push, tht she fell entirely in; together ; it then happened that the young
then she shnthehe iron door of the oven and pushed in queen flldangerousyil,and the physicians
the bolt The witch began to howl horribly, but coeld do nothing for her, and she died.
Peggy ran away, and the wicked creature wa miser- When this took place the young king re-
ably consUmed. membered and shuddered at his premise;
Peg ran immediately to Has, opened his prison, to be interred alive ws dreadful, but there
and aled, "Hans, Haon, wo are fre-the witch is w no alternative. The king hod placed.
dead I" He sp ng out, like a bird out of his cage sentinels at every door and gate, and It w alone, asoed what had happened; and when he hard
when the doorisopened. How delightedtheywere possible to avoid his fate. The day of internment of his daughter's wickedness, said, "1 cannot be-
they emb ed a other, jpe for joy, s g wcame, and he wos conducted with the body into the liere that she is capable of such behavior, btthe
about, and could hardly believe the fact Having royal vault; the attendants retired, bolting nd truth willshortly declare itelf," and b them both
now nothmg more to fear, they went all over the barring the door, and he was left alone. conceal their arrival from every one. Shortly ftsr-
witch's hoe, and found .t ery royer chets of1 Near the cofin stoodataoe, on whichourcandles, wards the ship came into pot, and the fe wife
pearls and previous stones "These are better than four loaves of bread, and four bottles of wine stood; appeared before her father vith a trouled e-
pbbles" said Hans, and filled his pockets with as o soon as this supply was cosmed he must perih, tenanco. "Why do you return alone s aid he.
many a they wouldhold. "I will also take some He now pased time in pai and sorrow, eat a Where isyour husband?" Al, dear father re-
home with me," said Peggy and filled her apron. morsel of bread each day and took a mouthful of pliedshe,"I ometoyouingreatnmoeuinmg,fordim
SNow we will go," said Hos; "let s. go out 0o the wine nevertheless he felt death was at hand. Sit- e vyagemy hosbad suddenlyell ldl and died, sd
witch's wood." After proceeding a couple of miles, ting one day, looking gloomily before him, he saw aif the good captain hd ano assisted I sou
they came toawideriver. "How naewecroes?" ex- sae eawl from a caomer of the vault, and approach bave died of sorow; he was present at his death
claimed Hans; Isee nobridge oofany sort;"-1 Or the body of his wife Thinking it came to devour it, and can relate to yon al the cireumetancea of i
nyboat," added Peggyh-bt I see there a white he drew his sword, osying A long at I have lfe Well," veid the king, "I l rate the dead to
duc i I beg her, she ill erhaps carry us over." yoshallneveril touch t, d cut it nto three opires, fe; and opening the door, bid them both enter.
Thus saying, she called,' Duc, due-here are Hns Aftd crept from the s e onr, When the young queen saw her housbhd, she wo
and Peggy, and no bridge to cros-take us on but when it found the other dead, and cut in piece.. thnnderstrecI, fell upon ber nees, and begged fr
yor pretty white back I" The little duck upon it retreated, but returned shortly with three green mewy; but the king answered, Thee is none for
thiscame towards them; Hans got on her back, loaves in its mouth. Arrangig carefully the three yon; he was ready todie with ., an gtveyoulif
and desired Peggy to place herselfon him. "No;" portions of the dead snake in their proper pos e it, again, but you basely murded hmin mhis dep, and
said Pegy, would be too heavy for the little placed a leaf upon each of the cuts; the parts be- shall therefre meet with yonr ljut reward. She
d.elk-4 cay on of of at a time." The caUme insttly re-united, moved, came to lfe, and was then, together with her ssoOate, led o boe
duck carried them both solely over; and after both hastened away. The lve ee. left lying on a ship pierced with holes t the bottom, wad etto
having gone on a little while, the way became the ground, and itoccurred to the unfortunate m to see. where it shortly sank beneath the wa s.
more and more known to them, and at last they er- who had observed all that passed, that the wonderful
ceised in the distancetheir father's houe. Theythen power of the leaver which had restored the snake to
instantly begun to run, and rushing into the room, ife, might possibly be equally efficacous with reg TH WHITE SNAKE
fell on therf neck. The poor man was over- to a human being. He therefore tk up the leaves, SNAKE.
joyed to see them, for he had not had a happy laid one on the dead woman's mouth, the others on VenT long ago, there lived a kmig who wisdom
moment since he had left the children in the wood. the eyes; scarcely was this done, than the blood be- was aed throughout the land Nothing w un-
The wife was dead. Peggy shook her apron, and the gan to riculate in the veins, and return to the known to him, and it seemed as if he had tee
earls and precious stones rolled on the floor, while blanched cheeks. She next opened her eyes, drew intelligence of the most hidden things. He had a
H se pBcdbed hand after handful on the table. breath, and said, "Where am Ii" You e with singular cstomv. i, every day after dinner, wh
Thus lf their cares came to an end, and they hence- me, dear wife," answered the overjoyed husband, and the gets had retired, a confidential s.erant brought
forward lived together happy and contented related to her how everything had happened, and in other dish. It was covered, anotheearerhi-
that she was restored to life. He gave her some self did not know what was therein; indeed, none
wne. and bread, and when her strength was in a knew, for the king never covered it in oder to eat
meas re restored, she rose, went to the door, and until he was alone again. This had gone on fosome
THE THREE MAGICAL LEAVES, knocked and called so long that the guard heard her, time, when one day the servant wbho arnedawaythe
TBE was onoe a poor man, who could no longer and informed the king, who himself came, opened dish felt an invincible curiosity to see its conttol ;
maintain his only so. "Then" said the son "dear the door, found them both living and well, and re- and not being ble to rest, he eared e dish into
father, thing sare so bad that I feel Ia a brthen joined that allmisfortune was at anend. Theyoun hsow Afterar ly eng the d he
to yoo. Ifwoldrathergoforth ndseeomdwbte node hingboweoe, too po io the three 'gi onined the cover, od aw wlerh e lyg the
toearmybread." His father, thereupon, gave him leaes, entrueting them to the care of a eant, say- dish; ad pon oomking at he felt sorn addare to
bis bleseig, and with the greatest sorrow too leave ing, "Guard them ruefully, and carry them ewys taste it, that he cut a cmull piece, and pu it i his
of him. At this time the king ws carrying on a about yor. Whe knows upon what occasion they wmoth. Seorcely bo istolhed his tongas to nhe
war,so the yoth entered his service, and wet with may beef service tous?" heard by his window a curious whispocing 0o soft
him t tthe field. When they reached the set of o etrn to the yosng queen. after her reetora- voicee He went tolisten, andetb pereeilva th it
war. a battle took place, th danger wa set,for the tion to ife a change seemed to have taken plae. in p ,roced from the sparrows who we erwesn g
halls fell aroud like hail, and on every side his co- her. All love for her husband appeared to have left with eac other, and relating od they hadco in te
nrde lay dead or worded; the general likewise was her, and when, after some time, he repod a voy. woods and fields.-tutig the sake hd conferred
which intimidated his followers, and they were age for the purpose of seeing his old father, and went o p ow t er of understanding the speech of
about t take to flight, but the young man stood o board a ship which was to convey them, she forgot animals.
forth, encouraged them by his words, and added, so ar the love and fithfulness which had preserved Now it happened that, prisely o tbi day, th
"We wil never abandon the cause of our country." her from death, as to have a wicked inclination for queen had other best ring, and suspiciy n hodflenb
Then placing himself at their head, he led them the captain of the ship. Acordigly one day when on this confidential serant, s he hdeea to. l
against the enemy, whom he forced to retreat, and her husband lay asleep, she called the captain; olu part of the poac. The ing sent for his.,
they were finally beaten. When the ing heard of seoingthe sleeping prince, between them, they eat threatened angrily that if the ng were nt tsd
hisb y, andthat he was indebted to the yonng hm over the sde of the ship. When the wicked oomimgthe net ornig, or he cold noat
non foe ts victory, he made him omno nder-.in- deed was accomplished, the qneean id, "Now let foish wsom infrmti of th.e oandee, ahodi
chi, btowed great tras uonhim,and raisd us reto home, and say he died on the p and be put to death. Itwas in vain to aset his no-
him totheseonddignityin the ngdo. Iwill so prais yotomy father, tht he wilmany .cea; he was dirnisem d from the esng hing '
This king had a daughter, who was very beautiful me to you, and declare you heir to his throne." Bt presence. In his distress ad a bemoiarrmnem h






14 GRIMM'S FAIRY TALES.




other. T' I... *, u- b' t 1- ,"
o t relate w h had bee all round wy; t the fes, not uderading the
and find ilenttl? o i glid thglis t, '. l aiguage, weoe not to be repulsed, rnd
another s"ri'n. llv irlhdithaf t lie Ph n in t greater nibhters. At thief, I-ing all
u furt i bleo i ith e icll t, e in ,. ce, e luked about luo for soi destructi
I ,
S, h ,IIouth, hih bhe de utd on the
b0ach iiiii nitI ft ot IIh o oth alnd hen e tahte ltter
Full


hankith i irinc iitlang the t te oar notif equal
rak lith he.iif, hesitaioted, ind rquired that he
-hul it h t tIl aoluthr trial. She wcut intoll I
Ihe gardc. iaid nlth her o.n hand c strewed In
etk fIII iif inllet on the fni.. "Tio-u rrowr

S 'gru m'ut be want
ho, hlie auld enter uaii n .. .i Ne l


*tan~llv by). hl-,. t ''rr' 't '", ', ,,, a ,
sa tr i,,' k. di[ th ii i -tr:r t -th, srid."Nor I
. 7 ,,.," rep e d the l,4k, tal1 ,, 11 1 ,
s* p ored o n stll gl f .. I.
arnlid, tile eeaint c cd, thill.F nlii' r ela 'en outatretchled legs. "What a
S, 1 11 11 1 11d he, adunritg his oan.


hillm ny lac of hu ur t h culo .rld
hel i I'e"a tic e c i li atllh or d Puil i th 11. I
Owtvee ah joe u ,.t I' it, tyiiC i 1 Titti itt i.il uI-tt -
desre to see tie ,rh, l. and tie l ao ti f o ill ch hoe o d iiI g hl t thle I I I I II w I I
hrlthe. es r iqust b'ing groathd, iii ni', iiffi ld co'I, idid. lhk lrledeatid l leftnlitt .leniiefietiInc
neiago O'ne dtoi tt a onoendi ihin ae titrIP'd thrl'e riat dhtie fr it'o'urNa ,dd tthan I r he gieat
which w-re caat 'a hrt of a Iwh
I I a r prepare .. .

W- r bult to, dlla. lrd nohav g aa elllla l'l':lgiarr ln.l neltw t ad a sy ndod ,. :1., .
,, s,, d ah out in th r oy. sch n Is k' are thile i ..
the sprt fre..t ii ria yerni ,',,,,,a ,' ,,,
ranefurlrhn r, hl o a nr i oe rd rt e 'I 1 chh 1 ii nflf 1n i f h ,e i






tou, and re pay yol.' The reId now ole thruh u!dtu hd ahtPin ha sr of a a I The gi'at 'read, e
ii w nd t!",l. Itl. h i pair raws s nl at l stroke! thought it Iellilnt men whom the
a-. i l ,i' ,II i, I l l IN I 'unllllr Ii i',i a' '' it aa' a iit h a i' a






] d. u d. t s ". I io a, II ,4. I a i' ...1 .' w. ,, tulei
ty, tbou,, th r ro el .u ,. i.r,, k ,e hl d, soln td felt a little ore rest ect for
TH .... LITT I T IO ..n1Wu; yet b eing uil wg t to pro a him arnt he ltoo a
.ad you are lo nough i f THE BRAVE LITTLE TAILOR. b"one It ,s I? ld and equeezed it -ntil thre wter
1 .1 Os: bight *aum r ollnlin, a little tailor st drolp d f to h it. N N-, do that said tle gbuta .
,, .. w n luk rh n tes , 1 r r ... I p Only
rlesand a nnr ," ,. i I aeu t itoras huse ( a ie ,,, oil i, i i ii S y-
1h h d through the cam out. s id le, u that is still better'"
c., , h s l l, p anl: h rler, T ginut w not what to smy, ma I 1 id
uni, with her I tmk Ithe little fell.- so powerful; but h
>.n ;i-.,it on her, h ascndedllu thetree. r! r a r I
1-g,, an d after W.I I h tothetailors ho and ws obligd to .t h l-
Sn tll'l ots f.r his InIlpeItLI.n 11e examine i 1 u
J i. l li i i O ho e kl wk tok ihel lot,1 o his 1ld plut his nose i .. ..
Wa prolalIa a follow. : -" The klll` s d:lll lht r saidfinally, The jelly scr,1 u g xl 1 I I i r I 'I 11
seeks a Iconsort: bt whoever desres t, gllll t two ounces god wOmntL or ,irhap I . t shall never come down again.
honour of her haud, mutt first suhnut l ",rc nllad a quarter of a d.' t h pocket, hedrew forth the
troal, andshol build ucess,u ho life s ff .d." hoed for a mluch largr r gave r the air, which, rejoicing i its
Attracted by the prl ..ffered may hiuld a;lvlrd i c




dlsghtor',bond. 1 ,, I ,, 1,- tl,, ,-,.! t, .s- _. =., ,






GBIMM'S FAIRY TALES. 15


me to carry this tree out of the wood." "V wil-
lingly" answered the little man; "you take the
trunk on yoar shoulder, I will raise all the bache
and nd carry them, and theyare certain the
heaviest." The giant teok the trunl on his shoulder,
but the tailor seated himself on a branch, and net
being able to look round, the giant unconsciously did
all the nork, carrying the little tailor into the bar-
gain. Then hr sat behind, as merry and wicked as
poeuihbe, whistling the aie of "Thrre Tailre, they
rode beyond the Gatesl"as if to carry such tree
were chlds play. The giant, however, after pro-
ceeding part of the way, found the burthen too heavy,
and could do no more, cryg out, Wat I must let
the tree fall I" The Zaor sprang nimbly off, seized
the tree with both arms, as f he had been carrying
it, and aid to the giant, "What a great fellow, and
not able to carry such a tre I"
They continued their wy together, and arriving
at a erry-tree growing by the wayside, the giant
seized thhe to oute tree, where the ripest fruit
hung, bent it down, gave it into the tailor's bhad,
and bid him eat away. But the little tailor wa
much too weak to old thetree down, therefore, hen
the giant let go, it sprang into the air, and the tailor
was carried aluft with it. When he had returned to
the ground unhurt, What is this ?" said the giant;
"have you not strength to hold such a bush as this?"
" do ot want for strength," replied the tailor; "do
you think that was any feat fur one who liad hit
seven with one stroke? I sp goverthe tree, because
the hunters down there are eshating in the thicket
spring over it, if you can." Thegiant made the
attempt, but remained caught in the branches, so
that the little tailor again claimed the advantage
over him.
The giant now said,'' As you are such a brav
fellow, come into our cave, and pass the night with
us." The tailor was ready, and followed hn tohe
rave, where he found several other giants seated by
the fire, each with a roasted sheep in his hand, of
which he was making his supper. The little tailor
looked around, and thought to himself, "It is much
more roomy here than in my workshop." The giant
pointed to bed, an told him he might tke pes-
sion of it for the night; but it was infintey too big
for the little tailor,so he would not lie in it, ut crept
into a corner. When it wa midnight, and the gant
supposed the tailor to be sound asleep, he toakrg
ron bar and struck the bed with it, until e thought
he had killed thelittlegrasshopperandwhenday broke
they all went out into the wood, quite forgeting the
tailor; therefore their astonishment may be con-
ceived when they saw him, shortly after, coming
towards them as unconcernedly and boldly a i
nothing had happened. Thining h would do
nothing les than slay them all, they ran away m
their fright, and the tailor saw them no more.
The little man then went on, and after travelling
a long time, he came into the courtyard of a r
palace, and feeling extremely weary, he laid hi lf
on the grass and fell asleep. While lying there,
people came, examined him on all sides, and read on
his girdle, Seven at one stroke "Ah aid
they, what does this great military heo want here
in time of peace -how powerful he must be So
they went to inform the king of his arrival, and
advised that, as he would be so useful and important
in case war should break at, that upon no account h
ohoild be allowed to depart The advice pleased the
king, and he sent oneof his courtiers to attend the
little tailors waking, and to offerhim employment in
the kings service The meenger accordingly stood
patiently waiting by the sleeper, until he stretched
himself and owned his eyes, then fulfilled his com-
mission. "am here for that purpose replied he,
" and am qiteready to enter the kng'sservice." He
was ccrdigly received meet honorably, and a
magnificent dwelling appointed hhim.
ow, the ing's generals were very envious of the
little tador, anedished him a thousand miles away.
"What can be done?" sid they' "if we begin a
quarrel with him, and proceed to lows, his strokes
fall l on and say r at once-we cannot
sunbat to this;" they took their resolution, went
n a body to the kg, and demanded their dismissal.
"We are not calcated," said they, "to stand on the
same footing as a man who kill seven at one blow I"
The king was very story when he found that for the
sake of one man all his old and faithful servants


would lave him, wished that he had never beheld
the stranger, and would willingly have got nd of
him, but he did not dare to dismiss him, because he
feared he would kill him and all his people, andthen
take possession of his kingdom. He reflected long
upon the means of getting ot of the difficulty, and
at last thought of the following. He sent to the
little talor to inform him that, in consideration of
his great fame a hero, he wa about to make the
following proposal to him:-In a large wood in his
dommnons lurked two giants, who committed great
devastation, murdering and robbing i all direction.
No one dared, without risk of his life, to oplopo or
even come into their presence; but d he would con-
quer and kill these giants the king would bestow
upon him his only daughter's had, with half the
kingdom as a dowry; a hundred horsemen should
attend hn on his expedtion, and be ready to assist
him. "Well," thought the tailor, for such a one as
I, beautiful king's daughter and half a kingdom is
no bad thing-I do not have such an offer every day "
So he replied, I will soon overcome the giants, and
do not require the hundred horsemen. Sr I. I
am able to settle seven at one stroke, In J
fear t o ?"
The little tailor set out, followed by the hundred
horsemen; but at the edge of the wood he said to
them, "Wait here for me, I shall be better able to
encounter the giants alone." Then springing nto
the wood, he looked about him right and left, and
after awhile discovered the giants; they were lying
sleep under a tree, and snored so loud that all the
boughs quivered and shak. The httle tailor losing
no time, filled both pockets with stones, and then
ascended the tree; he then placed himself upon the
branch directly over the sleepers, and let one stone
after another fall upon the breast of one of the
giant. The giant sputtered d grubled for some
time, at last he awoke, pushed his eompanio, mid
id to him, What do you hit me for?" "You ar
dreaming?" returned the other; "I have not hit
you." They laid themselves down gain, and the
tailor this time threw a stone on the second giant.
* What is that ?" cried ho; what are you throwing
at me ?" I am not touching you," sacd the other;
"you are dreaming." Thy grumbled andquarrelled
for some time, but bth being tired, theygradually
ceased, and their eyes closed once more. The tailor
began gain, picked out the biggest stone, and hit
the firt giant on his chest cith all his might
"Thisis too bad !" sid be, spring up like aad-
man, and attacking his companion; the latter de-
fended himself in a rage, and their fury increased so,
that tey tore up tree, and fought therewith until
they bth lay dead on the ground. The tilor
now descended from his lurkng-place. "What
a piece of good fortune," aid he, "that they
did not tear np the tree in which I was
seated, or I must have leaped away like a
squirrel I" Drawng his word,he struck two or three
violent blows on the breast of each, and then went to
the horsemen, saying, "The work is done, both are
wounded to death, but I have had hard work; for in
their distress they tore up the trees to defend them-
selves; but that is all in van when one comes like
myself, who hits seven at one blow." "Are you not
wounded?" inquired the horsamen. That would
be flnel" answered the tailor, "not a hair is
touched." The hoememn, however, wer perfectly
incredulous, and rode into the wood. There they
found the giants swimming in their blood, and al
around lay the trees torn p by the routs.
The httle tailor now claimed the promised reward;
but the king repented of his promise, and considered
afrsh howhe could get rid of the hero. Before
yoU marry my daughter, and obtain half the king-
dom," said r, "you must perform another feat
You must capture a unicorn which rs wild in the
wood, and commits great injury." "I fear the
unicorn leas than I did the two giants; seven at one
stroke a my motto." Taking a cord and an axe, he
departed instantly in search of the unicorn, bidding
his attendants wait outside the wood He had not
long to see, the creature soon appeared, and sprang
opoen the tailor instantly, as if to thrust him through
without loss of time. "Softly, softly," aid the
latter, not so fast;" avoiding the charge, rag
nimbly behind a tree, and the creature, light
changmg his direction, ran with violence against the
tree, m ng his horn in the trunk so fi ly that it


resisted all his efforts to extricate it, and was these a
prisoner. "The bird is mine," said the tilor, and
coming round the tree, be first fastened the cod
round the unicor's neck, then with his axe released
the hob from th trk of the tree, and all beig in
order, led bis captive to the king.
The king, however, would not yet bestow the
promised recompense, and required a third proof of
his eociuge before he concluded the amarrige. The
tailor must catch a wild boar which committed grt
depredations, and he should have the ansistanc of
the hunters. Well," said the tailr, thatis child'
lay, let us go at once but he would not take the
hutes with him, at which they were uuel con-
tented, for the wild boar had already given them such
a rceptuon that they were not very anxious to
encounter him again. When the annual perceived
the tailor, he rushed towards bmla uth tlsks gleam-
ig and foaming with rage, in order to bear im to
the ground; but the little tailor was too quick for
hi, and ran into sall chapel that was nar, cap-
ing through window at the end; the bear was on
I i it i / .i LL -
J r. l '. r
It was too heavy to be able to jmp hogh the
undow as the tailor had done. The ahntern ero
called to se te i captive w ith their own eyes; ut
the hero went at once to the king, who, whether ho
would or no, ws now spelled to keep his promise,
and deliver up both his daughter and half hib ktng-
dom; and cold he havo imagined that his onin-aw
as little tailor, doubtless e would have felt still
more reluctant The marriage, however, was cole.
berated with much magnficence and no small
rejiing, and a king made out of a tailor.
After a tiae the young queen heard her conrt
talking to himself in hs sleep, and ditinguished the
Sords. Come, apprentice q as this waistcoat,
and finish thaeo trounse, o I will lay the yand'
measure over you shob s Thi idnd y
enlightened her as to the birth of the young man,
and she complained to her father the next day,
entreating his asistnce in setting her free from he
husband, who was, she was sure, nothing but atalor.
The king omforteld her as well as he washable, and
bid her leave her door open the next night "My
servants shall wait without," said he, "until he is
asleep, when they will bind and carry hlm on board
a vessel, and yo shall be troubledno more by him.
The young queen wa much pleased to hear this; but
the kin' armour-bearer,who hadhoardall, wasmuch
attached tothe young king, and discovered tohim the
plot Vey wll," repliedhe,"I will poiltheir plan."
Accordingly he went to bed as usual, and when the
een thought hslept,h softly arose and opened the
door, then returned to bed. But the little sailor had
only feigndleep, and began to cll out with aloud
voice, allowss, fellows, sow this jacket, and mend
these trousers, or I will lay the yard-measure over
your shoulders. I have slain seen with one stroke,
killed two giants, taken prisoner one unicor and one
wild boar, and shall I be afraid of those who ar
waiting there outside the chamber-door?" When
they heard the tailor speak thus, great fear seized
'pon them, they ran away, as f wild beats were
behind them, and not one would dare to return to
touch him. So the tailor lived the ret of his days
and died a king.

CINDERELLA.
Toi wife of a rich ma once fell sick, and an she
felt her end was approaching, she called her only
daughter to her bedside, and aid, "Dear child, con-
tinue good and kind, and you w always be taken
car o. I will alsolook down upon youandbe with
you." She then closed her eye and expired. The
maiden wnt every day to her mother's grave and
wet ov it, and contind god and ind. When
the winter came, white mantle of snow covered the
grave, but when the warmth of spring had mlted it,
the man took another wife. This wife brought two
daughters home with her, who were beautiful and
fair to look upon, but the reverse in dispaiion and
a sad time now began for the poor steechild. "t
the silly gose always to be wth usr? id they;
"those who eat mstearn their bread fir gI t
gone into the kitchen." They took away s l her
clothee, and gave her an old grey bock u al mawen
she's. Look at the proud princes, how ime abe






16 GRIMM'' FAIRY TALES.
.- i ,] ,1 Tr -1 doves upon this the beautifuldrestothethbdon ehaztel, nddressd
S,, .' Ii H.- .. &. ... .. -. ..
S"1I I d. 'i .. .' i -..r ...- '.l d departed,
L .' ... t r I grave, and



birds aUl gone, which rejoiced A more beautiful dress than ven the last wasthe
S the maiden, for she thought," Srely, reply to this, nothing like it was er sen, and the
hall go to the prince's marriage feast." slippers were of gold. When she entered the ball-
But the stepmother was in- room, every one was struck dumb with admiration;
exorable; she said, "It is all in but the king's son was eagerly expecting her appear-
in, 0ou do nut go uwth us. uee, danced with her the whole eenumg, an said
You have no clothes, and cannot to all who ventred to approach her, She is my
dance, therefore we should be partner.'e
ashamed of you;" turning her It was now night; and Cinderella prepared to go;
beck on the maiden, she hstened the king's son wished to accompany her, but she out-
to go with her two haughty ran hbn so far, that h could not follow. This time,
daughters. ii i .,- a i
o one was now at ,' .
mother's gnrae, under the I ''i 'I l
andsald-- .I Ii I
Lillo tri, trefieore h ne n.
SLt.tle tree, httle tree, become my wife, except the maiden who an wear
,, ,, c .,, thit shoe." This gave great pleasure to both the
sisters, for they had small fet The eldest went
with the shoe into her chamber in order to try it, her

S* . . .- ,- .. i... ... 1 i. i I ..I. ..... au

..'....' .. 1111.... 1 11.. '.. .i .i '.... iI who took heron hs horse and rodeaway. The rad
i to the palace was pat the grave where the two doves
S "' .' ' 1 1 were sittmg on the hedge, and the ing's son heard
1 r .' i i'. ,'' them er, Not so fast! not so fast drops of blood
L -'' i 1. '. I i 1 i--the sh is too mll-the right
thiet, he broke the branch off and '. el e, held her by the ; I Upon this he looked down, and
i y were intended, not for came to ak to dance with he i ppedfrom the foot Turning his
S' i horse head, he took the deceitful maiden back to her
S- .- I I i. I .i I was lte, and when she pro- house, saying it was not the one whoowned theshoe,
t- !.- 'l I c itoeeth i f. r 1 d tb ertom tr shoe btit wuldnot
t i hbut as son s she co,,e on at theheel, therefore her mother handed her
i vanished. T' ,, ; Cut part of the heel off when you
i e,d and told, i will wano more." Thegirl didas
unknown untnden had r.. .2 r ,
''thehd- ... Io '. r .


h s, and'.,, ,. ", ', I'' ',,' ," ,',. .i..

r she would he lied much to accompar- a i d ran thence to the hlael, when stremned If it,, s he turned his hor' head, and
'' 'i i her beautiful dess and laid it on the restored the girl to her home. "This is not the
nothing grave for the bird to carry naay again, then re- nht maden" said the king's son, "have you not
I i, _._i T. .1. i I i I i ?" "iNo, sadtheman. Cer-
t 1 i -. a little stunted Cinderella, the
J -''' '. 1' 11 ,, 1 1 ,. ., i ite wife; but it is impossible she
"' .' '-' ' o "-r '' i e." The king's son desired she
S'' r -' but the mother replied Oh, no,
S- T ,, she ismuch too drty, sheis not fitto seen." But
o '5' '"' i 1 1.g j i 11 the thing's son inviting, Cinderella was called, and,
cried, "Taie doves, uid turtlc-dores, al tt l '1"' after washing her hands and face, she appeared
under heaven, ncome and help oe pick it up; the The bird then threw down a more costly dress than before the king's son, who presented her with the
good for me, the had for thee." Two white doves before; and when te maiden appeared in this dress, shoe. Seating herself on a stool, she drew off her
S. i itomshed at her hevy wooden shoe, and put on the slipper, which
Si e c ftedher exactly. Upon rising from her seat, the
I d till she came, kieg's son looked in her face, and instantly knew the
S i .i i i and danced only beautiful maiden who had daned with him, and
S' to sohcither to exclaimed, "This is the right lady!" The step-
I-" : When t was mother and thetwo sisterswerepae with angr, but
don; they' ''" n n nl i n i i t 0 e t tI. tnl 1 r.]
thehdithto I h n5
the shtod i ,' r ,, ,i r, si', e ?,, i tI h i,_ ,, t '
"NoCindrl ''. I '' .' n-- '' ,t o.,
d a n ce ; y o u m .. i A 1 i L i n"r i r i i .i r n i l -j Ir t ,0 3 5. .
she wept and prayed to go, the mother added, "If father and mid, "The unknown maiden has vanished, ell's shoulders, one on the right, the other on the
within one hour you can pick up two dishes full of and I beteve has jumped into your pear-tree." Can left; and there they sat for the future.
lentils out of the ashes, you shtll go." When the t be Cinderella ?" thought he : still he sent for an When the marriage wa to tae place, the false
two dishes of tentn were spilt, the maiden went aoe, cut the tree down, hobut could not find what they sisters ume to flatter the queen and partake of the
though the hack-door into t e garden, and called,sought for. When they came into the kitchen, Cm- festivities, hoping that their wihcedness might be
"Come doves and turtle-doves, come all the birds in dorela lay as nslal among the cinders, for she had forgotten. As they proceeded to the chuc, the
the sky, come and help me gather up; the good for jumped down on the other side of the tree, restored sisters walked near the bide, the eldest being on the





OGRIMM'S FAIRY TALES. 17
ht hand, and the younger on the left, the whe the eah,when they all fell down dead, for the flesh of the dista; but she lot her Msas. and whea he
ftathful dove picked out an eye of each. In retu-n- the ve had imarted to them the poison which reovered and came to herself, he found she w- n
ing, their places being changed, the eldest was on oftu ed the death of the hoer. There now remained a beautiful meadow, surroundd by theousads of
the quee's left and the youngest on the right when body in the bose except the daughter of theht, flowers, and the mm shiinmg. She quitted the
the doe picked ot the other eye, so t the who was a god girl, and taken no prt in the meadow, and came to an oven full of brad, which
wickedneo was punched by blindnees for the rest of wicked doings of the others. She opened all the cried, "Take me out, take me out, or I hall
their days dorsm of the stranger, and showed them t measures b I have been baked a long time." The girl
Sthe robbers had heaped up; but the king's son aid advancing, instantly set to work to take out the
THE RIDDLE. she might keep them all, and rod away with his bread, which, having doe, she continued her way.
e RIDDLE servant. In a little time she caLe to a tree on which bung a
Th ao was once a king's son who tok into his Afte continuing their jdoey fo some time, they
head to travel oil ove the orld, without any at- came to a toan, who dwelt mot b hoatiful bt -
tendants, save one faithful serant One day they vey haughty rincos, who had made it known that -= = -
came into a wood, and, after travelling a log time, whoever could prope to her a riddle that she could
evening overtook them without their having any not gees should become her consort, but that if she
lodging in view, and they could not toll whee th should gue it, his head was to be forfeited. She
should pas the night. At length they saw a grl, required three days to guess the riddle, though she
and discovered at the me time a small ottg t was sowis thatshe had hitheto g .esd th before
which she evidently belonged; quicheing the ithe appointed time, and nine men adalrady fallen
pace, they drew near her, and saw that he was victims, when the prine arrived in her dominions.
young and handsome. Dear child." aid the prince. D=zled by her excessiv beauty, he determined to
Scan I and my e-ant find a lodging for the night make the attempt to obtain her hand, aod parenting
in that cottage?" "Ye," replied the girl, in a himself before her, declared his riddle. "What s
sorrowful voice, "you can bu advise you not to that," sid he, hih d c ledoody, yet killed
see it, but rather to proceed on you journey." twelve?" The prices could not imagine what it
s"Why so?" replied he. The girl ighed and sid, waso she thought and thought, but could make c-
"My stepmother praises wiced arts, and she will nothing of it; she opened her divining-boos, but
do you some injury." The prince then saw that he found nothing that referred to such a subject; in
had come to the house of a witch; but as it was shot, she w in great condemnation, for she w her
mpidly going dark, as he was much fatigued, and wisdom was at fault. Finding no other means, she
above all, did not fear, heentered. The old woman ordered her maid to sip into the master's chamber urge cmp of applts, which called et, Shae me
sat in an arm-c.ha by the fire, and regaded the and listen to his dreams, for she thought probably in e m dow; w ry o ipe." Te
strangers with her red eyes, bt she spoke vry his slmp he might betray something that would he shoot t po which t apple fell
kindly and said, Good veninmg; sit down and rest enable her to guess the riddle. But tihe faithful min; so he continued to shako until a we
yourselve." She then stored te fire, on which the servant bad place hielf in his master's bed, ad gatheed, n odlletieg thae int a heap she -
ws cooking something in a small pot. The daughter whe the md drew n be tore of th matle in ceede on he way. At lst ehe cme to a small
when t e d t hre lf oe, d doe v the m antw y e h 1y; o ld in
wared them both to be prudent, and upon no ac- which she had concealed herself, and drove her away house,out of whichan old woman peped at har who
count either to eat or drink, for the wite prepared with blows. On the second night the princess sent hd such enormous teeth that the girl took alasm,
nothing that could be taken without injury. They, her own attendant, hoping e might have bett r anwod d have run way frm her. What do tym
however, slept quietly until the following morning, suesse, but the anat agan discoered the plot. fear cried the old woman; stay withe me
and when they wre ready to continue their took away her mantle, and drove her away with der, and if you will do all my worv vey nicely t
journey and the pnnce was already on his hrse, blows. The prince now thought himself safe for the shall be well for you ; only you must be very arefl
the old woman sad, "Wait a moment, and I third night, and went to bed, but the princess, m to make my bed properly, and to shae it eey
will bring you a pating cup." The prince, how- d opair at the repeated flure, came herself a morning, that the fathers may ly, for the it mow
ever. did not wait for this, but rode forward, dsy grey mantle, and stood nar him. Wen she upon the earth. I am Madau Hell" As the old
ea ing his se-rant behind tightening the girths thought ho was sleep, she spoke to him, hoping he woman tspko s kndly, the maiden took c ge.,
of his saddle. The e with r ed with the might reply in his lep, as many do; but he wa eted t the proposl, and eted uted p ha
draught. Here," aid he, present that to your awake, and understood and heard everything er- asrvie, in which shegah e much m eatifation, and
master." Bt at this moment the glass fle m fectly. She based, Ono killed nobody, what dces shook the bed so well, that tho feathers few about
pieces, and the poison on tainted in it wa spilt upeo that mean?" Ho replied, "Arave, which ate of a like flakes of snow. Her life, therefore, was y
the horse, and was of so powerful a nature that the poisoned horse, and died of it." She then inquired comfortable; no angry words, and every day plenty
create instantly fell down dead. The servant farther "And yet killed twelve, what is that?" of good roast or iled. Afterbeing sometime with
hastened to overtake his master, and related what "Twelve murderers," replied he, who ate of the Madam Holl, th became dll; at first she could not
had occurred; but afterwards remembering that the raven, and died in consequence." Having learnt the tell what was the matter with herself, but at length
saddle ws a good one, he was not inclined to leave it solution, the prince now wished to steal away but discovered that she longed once more for her home,
behind, and ran back to fetch it. Upon arriving at the prince held her mantle fast, so she was obliged and although he was now a thousand times more
th spot, a raven was already devourng the carcase, to leave it behind. The following morning the prince comfortable than with her mother and sister, the
"Who can tell," aid the servant, we shall find announced herself able tosolve the riddle, andsending desire to se them agamwas nevertheless verystrong.
anything better ta-day ?" So he killed the raven, for the twelve judges, declared it. The prince, how- At length she said to the old woman, "It is ery
and took it with im. They bth travelled the whole ever, demanded a hearing, and id, She came to me nice down her, and young asre very kind tome; but
day through the wood, without being able to find by stealth in the night, and learnt it from me, or she can no longer stay, I must return to my own home."
Should not have been able to gue-s the riddle." The To which t old woman replied "I am pleased at
judges replied," Preduce your proofs." The servant y wih ou have sved me faithfully, I
\ \\\ 1 \ then brought the three mantles, and when the judges will myself conduct you up to the wrd above."
S_ \ aw dsy grey one, which they hnar to be that Takihnge h by the hand, he led herto agrat gate.
Swoby the nces, he said, "Cause it to be em- and when the gt was hoped, gold wa howered
Sroidered with silver and gold, for it may be con- pon her like rain, and hung to her so that she was
Ssiderd your marriage-mbe." covered entirely with it. "Yo shall have that,
b ause you have been so indutrious," at the smne
time handing her the dista she came down to fetch
The door was then closed, and the maiden fond her-
MADAM HOLL. self once more in the world,not farfrom hermother'
A w=OW had two daughter, the one handsome house. Upon entering the court, the cock, who sat
S and industrious, their ugly and idle; but the on the edge of the wll, clapped his wings, and sid,
latter being her own child, while the other was her "CcGk-a-doedle-doo I our golden maiden e come
husband's, the woman loved the ugly one best, home I"-and as she was covered with so mnh gold,
obliged the induatrious daughter to do all the house- her mother and sister received her very kindly, and
,,- ,,,*, ,-, wak, and mde hear the Cmderella of the family. ere glad to me her again.
The poor girl was obliged every day to sit by the The girelted all that had happenedto her, and
well on the high road and spin, until the blood when the mother lernt how she became psned of
their way out, and at the else perceived an inn, started from her fingers. Now it happened once her riches, she much wished her ugly idle daghbter
which they entered, the servant giving the ravest to that the distaff became stained with blood, so she to be favoured with the same good fortune. oe she
the host to cook for their supper. Now they bad stooped over the well to wash it, but unfortunately was obliged to sit by the well, as heister had done;
lighted upon a robber's den, and when it was dark, it escaped from her hands and fell into the water and in order to make th distaff stained with blood,
twelve of the band arrived, who wished to rob and She ran weeping to her stepmother and related her the ugly idle daughter pricked her fnge, and tht
mnder the srangers; before entering upon the emsfortune, who solded her terribly, and wea so her hand into the thorny hedge-she thea cat the
wicked deed, however, they all sat down to supper, merilss as to say, You have let your distaff fall distaff into the water, and jumped in after it. She
the hoot and witch being of the party. Their meat into the well, now go and fetoh it outn" The maiden came into the beautiful meadow, t;t ser bhad
consisted of the ravn, which the bot hbad cooked in went back to the well, not knowing what to do, and done, and took the same path. Wt e es hed
some soup but they had only swallowed a moreel in her despair sprang into the well, in order to size the oven, the bread ercli.med, "dLDrea. n, dw
54


J


ct





18 GRIMM'S FAIRY TALES. ,
me odt. or else I shal burn-I was baked long ago were cast, and the savage was to to the wood The wolf, however, went straight to the ad-
But the idle irl replied, "I have no mind to make the mose to become cook, while the bird fetched mothers hoe, and knocked at the door. is
myself dirty, and continued on her way. Shortly water. there?" "Little RedCap,whobringyels omecake
afterwards she came to the apple-tree, who called Now what happened? The poor little sausage and wine; open the door." "Pres the latch," aid
out, "Pray, shake me, shake me-we apples ae all went to fetch the wood, the bird made the fire, and the grandmother, I am too weak, and cannot rise."
ripe! But she answered, "Very likely, indeed!- the mouse put on the pot and waited by herself until The wolf obeyed, the door sprang open, and he
one might fall upon my head:" and continued on the sausage came home with wood for the next day's entered; then without saying a word, he went to
her wa. When i 'i L. g gone that they were not in the bedside and swallowed up the grandmother; after
she felt no fear I the bird, to pas away the which he put on her dress and her cap, laid himself
already heard i t1 i ij air. Not fa o he met a onher bed,and drewthe curtain.
her portion, the tiort day she exerted n I mir. I ..r. i .
the iomd t of her poier to proof -i -1 a a i
obedieiit to all Mdal Hell ured l. ,
day, however. as Inot so successful; sh r I i
indulge in her idle habits; on the third i ,,11 i i ii
-for she would not rise e aly; and wher u d e ,t d related what i
Madr Holl s bed, she did not shake it so that the tok the swad, flew homeh. d related what he had
feather flew. The old woman became d itisfied seen and head, and mingled his lamentations with

h ii neeor., determined to do as well as they
"emi was o a os, i. n s. no ,w sh mhe wor twair fiend' unimely a
expe ted the i g i ,
...om.ing ... ... .. .,
to the gatre. t i i, wi i i l
gold, large '' i i 'i 'c
..ll, ile That t
reached her home. covered all o' : I a me to Red Cap in the mean time ontinued to run about
the fek 1aon the edge of the v e een gathering towers, until she could carry no more.
r'" ri ,,: ",k 11 e ,el ni ''. place, The_ remembering her grandmother, he again pur
S., it ,i l or her sued her wa. Upon coming to the olttlge, sh
pitch stuck fast. and would never come off as long as sudden diaappearanee: but during his searh, from wondered at the do being open, and when she
she lied. .1 oad. The entered the room it all seed so strange to her, that
-r III. dipping he said to herself,l What n be the reaon that I
STORY OF THE MOUSE, THE -SnC- aI ,. C h -ll, he over- balance hbed hime feels oddly to-day I am generally so happy to
SO THE SUShGE. a d not being able to recover taelf, I come to grannothe." H .owere sabe did not orget
T E wa dIlrned to say, "Good morning, grandmother;" but received
TisuEn wa once a mouse, a bird, and a nml.ge tI no answer. so she went towards the bod, drew aside
who hved and kept house together; they lio- in LITTLE RED CAP the certain, and there la the grandmother; hot she
good style. were -ery happy. anii L E RD had pulled her cap ove r e eye, and lnd very un-
pered. The bird's rork was to if Ti was once a sweet little girl whom every- like herself. Oh! grandmother, what large e ar ou
wood andcolleet wood to carn hom; the 'ouse laid body that looked upon loed, hut most of all her havel"saidthechild. "Thebettertohearyou" "Oh!
to fetch all the water. imak the fire, and lay the grandmother, who felt she cld never etow too grandmother, what large eyes yo have" "lThe
a a s i s ia, ,l lcWhen ptm ple much upon her. She once gae er a title ap better tosee o." "Oh grand he, what large
foir a range; red velt, and it sutedher so well that she would hands you have The better to lay hold of y
: .i -, b 1 ,he child was always called "But, grandmother, what a horrible large mouth
I .' 'I other said to her one dy, yiou have!" "The better to eat yao." The words
.' ..i here is a niee ifresh-baked were hdly poken before the wolf ade a ring
th, ',lt I r 1 hs, ,a, cu arry it your gand ut of bed, and seized and swallowed poor tlec
\, t' Ibm ,,nm eaore i at ecomu ohmn the wolf had appeased his appetite again
S' i alk ed and aid himself im bed, fe sleep, and egan to snore
Ihome for ien the mouse had ete ..a nd I t i fll and break the tremendously. Ahuntsman at this moment happened
a, A her Iglns, and grandmother dil lose her wine. And to pas the cottage, and said to himself, How the
t I i' I I i whe lon yo g nto her roomn do not forget to a, old om nsnores I must see if something is not the
to th ea sagei, he satbn the fi, watched e i. th I i r lI" matter." He entered the room, nd when he came
ing, and when it was dinner-tine had t i ii. .o Little to the bed, sa the wolf lyin. "OhI you old sinner,"
herself three or four times u the S oup or rlgetn le, Rd Cap. and pr poised it verr faithfully. Now the saod hea do I find yo here? I have been long l -
when all was seasoned aid salted, anid er work done. grndmother lived beyond in the wood, hall a mile ing for yo." H took aim at the creature with his
from the village, and when the child came into the gn, but jast then it ocued to him that the wolf
Swood, the firt thing she met was a wolf; but not might have swallowed the grandmother, and that she
a '" k hmanowinig w hat a kicked creature he w eas, he felt no might obe sard; he atot pair of scissors, and ute
fear of him. "'Good morning, Red Cap," sid he. open the wolf while heslet. When he had made a
S" Tlank o, wolf." Whero re you going o small opening,he saw Litte Sed Capand in another
early?" "To my grandmother." What are you moment the child sprang out, exclaiming, "Oh!
carrying in your apron ?" Cake nd wine: we how rghtened I have bee, it was so dark inside the
S iI i based yetelrdy, and I take something to strengthen wolf." Then came the grandmother out alive, although
my grmhotherwho has been sick." Where does she could scarcely breathe. Red Cap ran quickly for
hlive. Red Cap ?" About a quarter of a mile some large stone, and they filed the wolf quit full
urter min the wooed. under the three large oaks ofo them, nd when he awoke he thought to spring
'n i q .' ., round it; you fromthebed, bt thertones e toohebay,and he
t i wolf thought sag k down again quite dead. All three were now
to himself. "A tender yong thing, nice and at too, very happy; the huntsman sitnned the wolf and
she will taste better than the old woman; but if ou wern aw ay; the grtdan he ae the.cae and dran
manage well, you may dine off both." S pto h yte k eept in t tRd h t. et 1t,hI wll better
the side of Red Cap for a little while, then he sad, but Little "I wil never
Look at the pretty lowrs that grow about, I do again, all im life, stray from the path and run about
not think yen e tiem at all, or bear the birds sing- the wood, wen my mother forbid me. It is added
ing so beautifully; you go along s if you were going that some tin. afterwards, when Bed Cap had again
The bird now returned home, and laid aside hi to school and do no t enjy yourself in the wood." a ermnd to h er gradmother, and was carrydin
burden, and they all at down to table, and after a Red Cap began to look around, and when she saw a cake,another womet her,and wished to draw her
plentiful meal slept unditrhed until the next morn- how the sunbeam streamed and danced through the from the right way; hut she wa on her guard,
ingseeming qc..to..onjoy themselves, branches of the trees, and the numbers of flowers hastened toergrandmother,andtoldhershe hadmet
However, the very next mvnring the bird, at his that grew around, she thought, "I might as well the wolf on the way, that she had wished him good
friends instigation,would fetch no more wood: hie take my grandmother a nosegay; it would please her, day, but he looked so saagely at her, that she was
.' ,y I, ,., that I have plenty of time." certain if they had not met on the public road he
". ,, ir ., and wandered first one wav. would have devoured her." Come," said the grand-
S, i, '- ii flowers, alwaysthining that mother, we will fasten the door, that he may not
mose and the osa ge begged and entreated; the one she saw was finer than that she had plucked; o come an." Shortly after there was a knoc, and they
bird remained master. It mist be attempted; lots that she insensibly plunged deeper into the wood. heard the wolf say, "Grandmother, open to Little





GRIMMIS FAIRY TALES. 19


Bed Cap'r brings yoa Mecae." They, how.
ever, awe. lent, and d nt open the doer; there-
fore the wolf, after creeping several times round the
hoe, prag at last upo the roof, in order to wait
until Little e nd Cap r ed home in the evening,
intending to eip after her and devour her in the
dark; but the grandmother aupected his intention,
and resolved accordingly. Before the house stood a
large store trough; she said to the child," Red Cap,
take your pail; yesterday L cooked sausages, bring
the water in which they wre boiled and por it into
the trough." Bed Cap broght so much that the
stooe trough was filled, and the odour of the sansage
ascended to the wolf oi the roof, who snoffed and
peeped, and at last stretched oat his neck so far that
he lot his footing and began to slip: once on the
slide, he cold not stop; so he slipped completely into
the great trough and was drowned. Red Cap then
went on her way merrily, and met with nothing else
to hurt her before she got hoe again.


THE SINGING BONE.
Tmste was once upon a time great complaints
made in a country concerning a wild boar, which
routed in the farmers' fields, illed the cattle, and
attacked and ripped up with his teusks whoever


I


cup of wine." The younger, nnsapicious of evil,
entered, and related how the little man had given
him apike, with which he had slain the bar; ad
the elder detained him, upon one prtence or other,
until it was evening, when they departed together.
Inthe gloom of evening they come to a bridge crme-
ing a broo, and the eldest allowed his brother to
precede him, and when they were just in the middle,
le gave him a blow from behind whili killed him oa
the spot He buried him beneath the bridge, then
taking the boar, he brought it o the ing, pretend-
ing he ad killed it; aatwhich the king was o much
played that he instantly bestowed his daughter upo
him in marrge The younger not retmeong, he
said, "The br must have ripped hint up" anu this
story found ready belief.
But such a treacherous act could not remain mn-
cealed, and was certain to come to light. After
many years, a shepherd, driving his flock over th
bridge, saw a small bone as white as snow lying
beneath in the sand, and thought t would do oIely
for a mouth-piec'e H descended, picked up the
bone, and cut out of it a mouth-piec for his orn
but the first time he blew rito it, to his intense
astonishment it began of itself to sing-
"Shepherd, mine own,
Thou blowest in my bone;
My brother me killed,

And the prize is my due."
"What a wonderful hor !" said the shepherd "it
speaks of itself: I must show it to my lord the king."
Accordingly, he came before the king, and the horn
began instantly of itself to sing the above. The
king understood it perfectly, ordered the ground
under te bridg e he e eamined, when the seleton
was found. ae wicked brother, not being able to
deny the fact, was sewed in a sack and thrown into
the river, and the bones of the unfortunate murdered
brother were laid tm the churchyard to repose in
euce.


^- ^ /y'K- ---""'- f Pry como is." 'The dwarf then brought'up fea
YIraythtJ ", ."',d omgtup
I/ / "the ravens, in seven little plates, andthr
The sitcr took from every plate a cnreomh. d
A wAN had on.e seven sons, but not one daughter, from every cup a ip, letting the ring th t l she
attempted to confront him. The king promised large lthogh he wished very much for one. At lat had bought with her fall m the last cup.
rewards to whoever should free the country from this there seemed again a chance that his wish might be All on a sudden she he'rd in the ar ai ral-
scoorgbut the cratre was a lar and strong that grtified, and upon this occasion the child proved a ing motion, and the dwoar. sid "Here come my
nobodyventoredintotheneieghbonirhodof hishants, girl. The father sent one of the boys to the spring, lords the ravens, fying home." They entered,
and at last the king was so disturbed by the accounts to fetch some water for the priest to chriten the wanted their oo, looked for th pt and
of his devastation, that he annoo ccd that the hand child. The other six ran with their brother, and pup.
of his only daughter should be the price of the they all made themselves so busy in getting the After looking at them, they all said, one after the
victory over the monster. water, that the pitcher fell into
Two brothers lived atthis time, sonsof a poorman, the well. Upo this they
and they offered to epoe r their I for th hsy of looked at each other, anot hnoa -
ridding the king of ths wild oa. The elder was ing what to do, for neither
cunning and prudent, and made the proposal out of dared to go hom. Their father
vanity; the other, innocent and rather stupid, from waited lmpatienly, expecting
pity for the sufferers. The king s.. In order tht their return, saying, "The
you may be the more certain to meet with the animal, nghty boys= -they have cr-
it will be better that yo enter the wood from opposite thinly forgotten what they were
directions;" so the older went to the western, the sent for and are at play." Ho
younger to the eastern side of the wood. After the beamed yet more angry a time
younger brother had proceeded for a short time, a passed, and fearing the child -
little man eared tohim holding a black pike i might die before the water came,
his hand, who said, "I give yoe this pike, because he exclaimed, "I wish they were
your heart is innocent and tind. You may then allturnedintoravensl" Scarely
encounter the wild boar with safety; it cannot hurt were the words uttered, than he
vou." He thanked the little man, took the pike on heard a rustling of wings over
his holder, and went onfearlesly. Before log he his head, looked up, and saw
perceived the creature, who rushed towards him; seven coal-blak ravens flying in
ht he, holding his pike ready, the bar in his blind the air.
rage ran upon it with much force that it pieced The parents were u able to dislver the enchant- other, Who has been eating et of my plate -who
his heart. Taking the monster on his shoulder, he meant, and were very unhappy at losing their seven has been drinking out of my cup -here ha been a
turned his steps homeward, for the purpose of laying ons, but comforted themselves in some mear with human touch!"
itat the ing's feet their little daughter, who msoon grew strong, and Upo the seventh emptying his cup, the ring
When he came to the other side of the wood, he became every day more batiful. For a long time rolled out; they looked at it ery atteatively,
found a house at the entrance, where people we she knew nothing concrning her brothers, for her and reogniing the father and mother's ring,
making merry with wine and dancing. Hs brother parents caefully avoided mentioning that she ever said, "Good fortune grant that omr ister may he
waee lso there, for he thought that, as the wild boer had any. But oe day, by chance, she heard same here--we hll then be free I
want likelyto raway, he ramight firt refreh his people aying, That it was true that rhe was hand- Themaide, who w ehid the door watching
homage with abottle of wine. Upfnperceivngthe eome, neverthelet he wathecauseof themisfortneall that took place, hard the wish expreaed, sad
younger brothe, who was coming out of the wod to her brothers" This troubled her very mucsh, ad isttly appeared before th, upon which they
laden with his booty, his enaou wicked heart hewent to her father and mother, andatedthemif immediately rs e their forr iape
much disturbed. He raled to him ing,"Come he bad brothers, and what had become of them? kissed and embred eah other Yehra l a ehd
in, dear brother, reat and refresh yo f wih with a The pante mod no longer keep the seeret, they went home happily together
*5


J


told her what hd happened; hut ddd, she ould la
no wise he considered the ausee-t wrast K ta the
misfortune occurred on the ocm on of her birth.
This, however, did not comfort the maiden e re-
preoahed herself daily, and thought she ought to e
everyeffort to discover and dseoiuatht her brother
As she had no rest night or day, ahe at last secretly
deputed to eareh through th ie ide world fo har
brothers, a oto t them free, lt it crt what it would.
Sho took nothing with her, except a little ring be-
longing to her parent, a a remombrenee, a loaf of
broad to eat, a pitcher of water to drink, and a little
chair to sit in.
Sh went on and on, for a long tim, nearly to the
end of the world. At length she came to the suo,
which nwa hot and frightful, and devourd mall
children. She hastened awy and ran to te t oon,
hbt found h hid ou, adwikhed; and
when she saw the uni d, she aid, I well hrman
fesh" So ae retreated with all expedition, and
came to the -an i tnd they were friendly and hind to
her, ad he a that each of thea at on her little
chair. The morning star Mee and gave her an ivory
key, saying, "Without it young cannot open the gate of
the glar mountain, and m the glao mountain you
will find you brother."
The maide took the key, wrapped it in her hand.
kerchief, and went as fast os she could towards the
glar mountain. The gate was ahuat,e bb oaght
kerchief, the key was gone-she ha dhped it, and
lost the kind gift of the morning star. Whet wee to
be done-was there no other mode of attainin her
object when it seemed near? The good little
ster then took a knife and cut off her own little
finger, and applying it to the keyhole, had the plea-
sure of finding hat t answered the prpme, and that
the gate wo enclosed. As she entered, a dwarf ad-
vanced to meet her, saying, "My child, what do you
sech?"
"I am seeking my brothers-the seven ravens,"
replied she.
"My lords the ravens re aot within," aid the
dwarf "but if oo like to wat until thbe retara.






20 GRIMM'S FAIRY TALES.

T do y0Beeeteddyfe chased the och "Wetdo t
THE MUSICIANS OF THE TOWN OF ee lepted ase see tle coeed th
BREMEN capital eatingand drink g, d robbers in ery
T-mEe was once a man who bead an ass which had comfortably around." "What an exellent chance
served him faithfully many years, but h strength for us" Oh yes," said the an, "I wish we were
being now exhausted, he become daily le and les the h imal now consulted together how
useful to bis master, who acordigly began to grudge they should proceed in order to get rid of te robbers;


musician." After proceeding for some time, he dog, and the cock flying up,tosettle onthe cat's head.
food a greyhound lying by the roadside, gaping a When this wa arranged, they ave a t atneo d to-
if he had n himself out of breath. What is b theer a specimen of their moslc,-the ass brayed, the
matter ?' nqred the ss; why do you gasp so ? "dog barked, the cat mewed, and the cock crowed,
then dashing through the
window, the braking glfns
added to the strange sound.
In the greatest oloun, the
robber fled at once into the
wood, not staying to examine
d into the case of tMhe nearthly
soutd, fo they tho ght they
mea t a rceee d from e a spirits.
The four companions therefore
atthe i tle satdown to tabler, helped them-
selees to what they liked best,
and ate s if they bad partaen
of nothing for aweeb.
When they had satistfie their
hunger, they eatintgsied the
light, ad each sought the p ace
"Aho said the hound," I am old. and grow weaker of repose most sitoble-the ass laid himself down on
every day, and can no longer hunt so well as Idid; the dunohill, the dog behind the door, the cat in the
my master therefore wished to kill me, but I have warm ashes on the heath, and the cock flew up to a
left hi in the Inrch, although I cannot tell in the beam ; and being all tired with a long dy journey,
least how I shall earn my bread for the utu." I they were very soon asleep. Midnight abing pet,
will tll you," replied the ass. "I am going to theroberh s observing that there wass no ight the
Bremen to become a msician there; go with me bouse, and that all seemed quiet, bean to look
and tahe up miusc; I wll play on the lte, and you anxiously towards their abode, and te captain,
can beat the kettledrum." The hound was much addressing them, snd, "After all, we seem to have
obliged for the suggestion, and they proceeded taken alarm very eily; let one return and examine
r it n i o I I .Ii g i,: by the int the matter, and se what there i tofear." The
S. Now meenger foond all quiet, and went into the hitehen
"Who ould tbme ny, Ihould egld to oe when of the eat for lining coal, pplie d a a tch in r er
their ndck wa in danger reliedd the eat: I am to obtain a llght; ut poe s, not understadmg ithe
no s old, ad my teeth fail, therefore I waold rather johe, lew in a h fae, spit, and scrmthed. This
sit by the re than run after the mice, and I beard frightened hiem o ribly, and b he away, intending
my mestrey gie orders forme to be hung; so Iam to escape by the bacr-dor, but the dog lying there
callt upon the world, and mneot see my way how I sprang up and bit leg, and ache .rh ed by the
am to loe." "Go with m to Bremen; you noder- dunghill in his hate to escape, the as gave hime t
teand serenades ery well, so you may become one of severe kick with his hind feet. In the mean time,
the town musicians." The cat was only too ha py the cok, awn aened by the uproar, ws ready ina
to acept the ofer, and coined the other two. In a moment, nd crwed Coc -a-doodle-do with all his
shored timwe the three fugitires pn sed a farmyard, ight from the beam where he had reposed. The

loudly ae he could What is habrod," ahed the andmid," Three sn frightfal, bhrbare oldwit hinr
es, "that yon shout enogh to deafen ?" I am the house, who attached me, and scratched my face
prophes-ing good weather," said the h," because wth her long fingers. Near the door lies a man with
mymistreh hnadthebaby'sshitswashed,andwan a sharp nife, and he stabbed me in the leg; in the

kill me for the soup ; so, a my neck willbe wrong this on the roof the judge sits, and he cried out, Brin
eeninga, I amrthe m ostof mytime, nd ore therogue erel' so coe wanyre a et aes it d
ing as long e I am allowed." Oh, my good chont,- Upon this regot, the robbers were afraid to rentuec
deer," retoaned the ass, g "you had better acompay obac into eir bode and am it suited the four
s: we are going to Bremen; something better than musicians so well. they wandered no further, bht all
death is to be found everywhere; you have a good hoed together in great harmony,as such distmguished
voice, and if we pla together, Ithink we should pro- musieanes should.
duce a good effect The roob wea delighted with

Bremen in one day, and they came towards evening T aln was once a eook, who was called Mar nt,
to a wood, wher they deter ned to pea the night. and occasionally Peggy, who wotr hers wthr. e

and the cock, thinking it the most suoawe p laoe, tshed moner, ad the mode in which she sailed
mounted into the top; before he went to sleep be along, suffitiently indicated, eying ve plainly,
looked on mor amnd, and thought be saw a "Am I not a pretty gi ?" The oy oher hert
glimmering light in the distance, so he called dow exhibited itself in all he did, and she entered
to his comrades, That not very far off there mo be heartily into all her occuptions. When she came
a house, as a light was shining." "Then," said home from market, the first thing she did was to
the as," let s get up and go, for or accommodation take a good draght of wine, and this gae her an
here is not very good." "lndaed," added the dog, pptite, to satisfy which, she tried all the good
I should be mch the better for some bones, and tng in the larder, sying, by way of excs to
little meat on them." They all directed their steps berel, "The cok ought to know how everything
towards the light, and aw it increase in brightness tastes I"
and size, until they came to a robber's cottage, in Her master said to her one day, Peggy, I expect
Which it was borning. The a, as the largest and a visitor to pper to-night-rost me a par of fowls
tallest, went to the window and looked in. What very nicely." "Very good replied Peggy; so she


killed the fow, scalded and picked, and pitted
then, and when evening tme, put them down to the
fire to rost The birds began to apprech very
nearly that pitch of exeelenee which belongs to a
well-roaeted fowl, and the gnest was looked for. At
length Peggy mid to her master, "If your visitor
does not oo come, I must take the fowls hem the
fire; but it is a pity they are not to be eaten now, for
they are done to a torm.' "Well," mid the master,
"I had better go and hurry my guest." When his
back was turned, Peggy took th spit from the fire,
saying, "It maes one very weam to and ad bate
these fowls-who knows when they may come ?-I
shall en into the cellar and have drop I" Running
down, with a jug in her hand, she filled it, and say-
g, God bls yoo, Peggy l" took a good portion
of its content. "One dranoght makes you long for
another," said Margaret, and another instantly fol-
lowed. She then returned to the kitchen, and bast-
ing the fowls with some better, she began agin to
turn the spit; but the odour of the rating fowls
was so tempting, that, thinking to herself, "I won-
der if anything is wanting to improve the flaor "
she touch thd em with her fingers, which she then
licked, and said," Ecellent ow good they are; it
is asin and a shame they should not be eaten jst as
they are ready!" Peggy's anxiety led her to
the window, to discover if the guest and her master
were approaching, bet seeing nothing of them, she
again contemplated the fowl, saying, "One wing
burns already-it wonld be better for me to eat it
which she accordingly did, after cutting it off;
and finding it very good, she said, "The other




seem likely to come; perhaps they have gone some-
where else. "Well, egg," continued she, "be
merry for once; you have begun npon one-take a
little more wine, and finish it; yo will then be con-
tent. Good things ought not to be wasted!"
Following her own platble dvice, another visit was
then made to the cellar, and a good draught taken,
which gave her courage, as well as appetite to inish
the fowl. When that was picked, the master not
ha ing arrived, Peggy looked longingly at the other,
and oid to herself, "It seems a pity to separate
them-they were meant to go together; what is
right for one, is only just towards the other; and I
think that if I take another turn at the wine, and
then see what I can do, I am sure it cannot hurt
me." So Peggy went below, took hearty draught,
and the second fowl followed the first.
Having finished her very satisfactory meal, Peggy
heard her master return, who called out to her,
"Come, Peggy, be ick, my guest will be here
directly." "Verywe, master," replied she, "I am
ready." Her master then went to see if the cloth
were properly aid, and taking the caring-nife,
with which he proposed to operate upon the fowls,
he went to whet it pn the stone threshold While
he was doing so, the gest arrived, and knocked
politely at the house dor. Peggy ran to see who it
was, and when she perceived the visitor, she placed
her finger on her lips, saying, Hush, hsh I-depart
as quickly as you can; most unfortunate will it be if
my master catches yon; it is true he has invited you
to spper, but his intention is nothing less than to
cut of your two ears I Listen bow heis sharpening
his knife" The visitor hearing the noise described,
rushed down the steps, and moved homewards with
all poible despatch. Peggy, not idle, rn screen
to her master,saying, "A pretty guest to invite I
"Why, Peggy," returned her master, what do yon
mean?" "Truly," said Peggy, "he has snatched
the two fowls from the dish, asI was carrying them
np, and has run away with them." "What a fine
tick! said the master, who regretted the fowls, and
and was longing for his spper; he might have
left me one at least; what s to be done?" With
these words, he pursued the supposed delinquent,
having theknife sti h hand, exliming, "'aLet
me have one-only one," meaning that his guest
should leae him one fowl for is supper, and not un
away with both; but the person pursued thought
nothing ess than that one of his ear was wanted,
and therefore ran his best, in order to carry his eas
safely home.




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