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 Title Page
 Council members
 A list of acts
 A list of resolutions
 Laws of the Territory of Florida,...
 Resolutions adopted by the legislative...
 Index














Acts and resolutions of the Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073406/00005
 Material Information
Title: Acts and resolutions of the Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida
Uniform Title: Laws, etc. (Session laws 1840-1845)
Physical Description: 6 v. : ; 20-21 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida
Publisher: B.F. Whitner, Jr., printer
Place of Publication: Tallassee
Creation Date: 1844
Publication Date: 1840-1845
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Law -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: 18th session (1840)-23rd session (1845)
General Note: Imprint varies.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 18494375
System ID: UF00073406:00005
 Related Items
Preceded by: Acts of the Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida
Succeeded by: Acts and resolutions of the General Assembly of the State of Florida

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Title Page 1
    Title Page
        Page A-1
    Council members
        Page A-2
    A list of acts
        Page A-3
        Page A-4
        Page A-5
    A list of resolutions
        Page A-6
        Page A-7
        Page A-8
        Page A-9
    Laws of the Territory of Florida, passed by the legislative council at its twenty-second session, 1844
        Page B-1
        Page B-2
        Page B-3
        Page B-4
        Page B-5
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        Page B-63
        Page B-64
        Page B-65
        Page B-66
        Page B-67
        Page B-68
    Resolutions adopted by the legislative council
        Page B-69
        Page B-70
        Page B-71
        Page B-72
        Page B-73
        Page B-74
        Page B-75
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        Page B-96
        Page B-97
        Page B-98
        Page B-99
        Page B-100
    Index
        Page i
        Page ii
        Page iii
        Page iv
Full Text



TWPNTY-SrfNP "qN.




THE



ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS



OP THE



LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL



OF THE



TERRITORY OF FLORIDA.



PASSED AT ITS TWENTY-SECOND SESSION.



WHICH COMMENCED ON THE FIRST DAY OF JANUARY, AND ENDED ON THE
FIFTEENTH DAY OF MARCH, 1844.




BY ALUTH ORI .?.




TALLAHASPEE
PRINTED AT THE OFFTIE OF THE STAR OF FLORID .
1844.







TWPrNTY-srONp "PMTMIN




THE



ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS



OP THE



LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL



OF THE



TERRITORY OF FLORIDA.



PASSED AT ITS TWENTY-SECOND SESSION.



WHICH COMMENCED ON THE FIRST DAY OF JANUARY, AND ENDED ON THE
FIFTEENTH DAY OF MARCH, 1844.




BY AUTHOR -Y.




TALLAHASSEB.
RBINTED AT THE OFFf-E OF THE STAR OF FLORIDA.
1844.















RICHARD K. CALL,
GOVERNOR OF THE TERRITORY.


THOMAS H. DUVAL,

SECRETARY OF THE TERRITORY.

*---e---

SENATE.

GEORGE WALKER,
PRESIDENT.

THOMA- BROWN,
SECRETARY.

-OS-

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

JOSEPH B. LANCASTER,
SPEAKER.

HUGH ARCHER,
SECRETARY.







A List of Acts,
Passed by the Legislative Council at its Twenty.second Session.

1. An act to organize a county to be called Marion county.
2. An act for the benefit of the City Hospital at Apalachicola.
3. An act to repeal an act establishing a tariff of fees, pas-
sed 10th March, 1843.
4. An act to fix the time of holding the Superior Courts in
Marion county.
5. An a ct for the relief of Francis R. Sanchez, and others.
6. An act for the relief of J. B. Bull and ex'ors P. Kerr.
7 An act to authorize the Clerk of St. John's county to re-
fund certain taxes.
8. An act to provide for holding an additional term of the
Superior Court in the Eastern District.
9. An act to incorporate the Apalachicola Fire Company.
10. An act for the relief of Buckingham Smith.
11. An act to establish a SuperiorCourt in Mosquito county.
12. An act toorganize the Jacksonville Guards.
13. An act to define more particularly the boundary lines of
Columbia and Duval counties.
14. An act to empower Maria F. Garey to sell certain
town lots in the town of M onticello.
15 An act to regulate the taking of testimony in Chancery
proceedings.
16 An act to amend an act incorporating the City of Apa-
lachicola.
17. An act to authorize the civil officers of Benton county to
officiate at their respective houses.
19. An act to establish i and organize a Mayor's Court in Ap-
alachicola.
19. An act for the relief John Burgdoff.
20. An act to provide for a public school in Franklin county.
21. An act to authorize Alexander McAlpin to establish a
ferry across theChipola river.
22. An act to divorce Martha Connor.
23. An act supplementary to an act approved 5th March
18-2, relative to roads and highways.
24. An act to change the present county site of Calhount
county.
25. An act to divorce William H. Brouss.
26. An act to authorize William Pennington to establish a
ferry across the Withlacoochie river.









28. An act relative to roads and highways in Nassau county.
29 An act to provide for Pilots for the port of Cedar K ys.
80. An act to authorize Thomas Livingston to establish a
ferry across the Suwannee river.
81. An aci to authorize William Frink toestablish a ferry
across the Suwannee river.
82 An act for th, relief of S. S. Sibley.
83. An act to ampnd an act now in force in this Territory in
relation to roads, highways, and ferries.
38 An act for the relief of a person therein named.
35 An act to authorize Win. J Hendricks to keep a ferry
at tie cow ford on St. John's river.
36 An act to organize the Florida Artillery Company.
87. An act to authorize Maria Doggett to keep a ferry at
Jacksonville on the St. John's river.
88. An act to amend an act fixing the time of holding the
Superior Courts of the Apalachicola District.
89. An act to change the present boundary lines of Her-
narldo county.
43.. An to incorporate the Southern Greys.
41. An act to alter and change the name of Rebecca
Stephens.
42. An act to authorize Lewis B Davis to establish a ferry
across the Suwannee river, at a place known as Booth's Spring.
43. An act to incorporate the Protestant Episcopal Church at
Monticello.
44 An act to change the time of holding the County Court
in Santa Rosa county.
45. An act to establish and regulate Pilotageon the waters,
and in the harbor of Mosquito.
4(, An act to authoriz-. Joseph Forsyth to build a bridge
ac ,ss Pond Creek in Santa Rosa.
47 in act o divorce Huldah Manning and change her name
to iuidah Johnson.
4* An act for the reli-f of Sarah Ross
49. An act to incorporate the town of Milton.
50. An act to incorporate the West Florida Institute.
51. An act to amend an act authorizing Wm. S. Walker to
establish a ferry across the Wakulla river.
52. An act to admit M. D. Papy to practice law in the sev-
eral courts in this Territory.
53. An act to alter and change the name of Sarah Ann
VaJdergrift.
54. Ar act to admit Cameron Anderson to practice law in
this Territory.
55. An act to define and change the Western boundary line
of Madison county.
56. An a'ct to change the time of holding the Superior Courts
in Walton county.









57. An act to amend an act to organize Wakullt County.
58. An act to incorporate the town of New Port.
59. An act to incorporate the Presbyterian Church of lamo.
nia.
tO. An act to change and alter the name of Susan E. John.
son, to that of Susan J. Edmonds.
61. An act to amend an act regulating the rate of interest,
approved 12th Ftbruary, 1833.
62. An act to provide for the improvements made on public
lands.
63. An act to organize county to be called St. Lucie county.
64. An act to organize the Monroe county School.
65. An act to establish a board of Commissioners of Pilot.
age for the port of Key West and other harbors in Monroe
county.
6'i. An act to incorporate the town of Columbus.
67. An act to legalize certain acts of the Clerk of Columbia
county.
68. An act to provide for the partition and division of Es-
tates.
69. An actto establish a ferry across the St. John's river at
or near Constancia
70. An act to repeal an uct to change the time of holding the
election for representatives for Calhoun county.
71. An act to authorize William Cason to establish a ferry
across Santa Fee river, at fort White.
72. An act to authorize John L. Taylor and V. J. Strickland,
to establish a toll bridge across the Ocilla river at the Indian
trail.
73. An act to incorporate the Wakulla Rangers.
74. An act to legalize the acts of the acting Clerk of Dade
county.
75. An act to alter and change the name of Hernando
county.
70. An act in relation to administering oaths.
77 An act to amend the Execution laws
78. An act to incorporate the Tallahassee Law Library
Association.
79. An act to divorce Francis Dummett.
80. An act to provide for the compensation of officers of the
Legislative Council for the session of 1844, and for other pur.
poses.
81. An act to establish the county site of Dade county, and
for other purposes.
82. An act to amend an act to authorize Edwin G. Booth, to
establish a ferry across the Apalachicola River.
83. An act to authorize Willis Watson to establish a ferry
cross the Chipola River in Jackson county.
84. An act to divorce Caroline G. Jones.








85. An act to prevent the circulation of change bills.
86. An act toenable certain persons todispose of real estate
at private sale.
87. An act to change the time of holding the County Court
of Walton county.
88. An act to incorporate the inhabitants of the dif*rent
townships of this Territory for the institution and establish-
ment of common schools.
89 An act to authorize Platt and others to build a bridge
across Suwannee River.
90. An act to exempt cotton sold at auction from auction tax.
9L. An act to authorize Elijah Andrews to establish a ferry
across the Ocklocknee River, at or near Harvey's mills.



A List of Resolutions,
Adopted by the Legislative Counfil a't its Twenty-second Session

1. Preamble and Resolutions ",king an appropriation of
Congress to remove obstructions in the Rivers Choctowhatchie
and Holmes.
2. Preamble and Resolutions asking an appropriation of Con.
gress for deepening the channel of the Chassehowiska river.
3. Preamble and Resolutions asking an appropriation of Con.
grpss, for the erection of a light house at the entrance of
Tampa Bay.
4. Preamble and Resolutions asking an appropriation of
Congress for the relief of Military companies therein named.
5. Preamble and Resolutions, asking an appropriation of
Congress for removing obstructions in Chrystal River.
6. Preamble and Resolutions, asking an appropriation of
Congress for opening a road, and building bridges from
Webbville to Milton.
7. Preamble and Resolutions, asking an appropriation of
Congress, for a Marine Hospital at New Port Wakulla County.
8. Preamble and Resolutions, asking an appropriation of
Congress for a road from St. Augustine to Indian river.
9. Preamble and Resolutions asking an appropriation of
Congress, for a road from Newnansville to Tampa Bay,
10. Preamble and Resolutions, asking an appropriation of
Congress for the free school of the city of Pensacola.
11. Preamble and Resolutions,asking an appropriation of
Congress of a quarter section of land for the county of Cal.
houn, for county purposes.
12. Preamble and Resolutions, asking an appropriation of
Congress for the payment of the Jola Volunteers.









13. Preamble and Resolutions, asking an appropriation of
Congress tor the payment of losses of property suffered from
Indian depredations.
14. Preamble and Resolutions, asking an appropriation of
Congress for the erection of a Marine Hospital in Jacksonville.
15. Preamble and Resolutions, asking an appropriation of
Congress, for the erection of Light Houses at Mosquito Inlet,
Cape Carnaveral, and Key Biscayne.
16. Preamble and Resolutions, asking an appropriation of
$10,000, of Congress for the removal of obstructions in the
Chipjla river.
17. Preamble and Resolutions, asking and appropriation of
$10,000 of Congress for the removal of obstructions in the
Oclawaha river.
18. Preamble and Resolutions, asking an appropriation of
8'0.000 of Congress for opening a road from St. John's river
opposite Pilatki, to the city of St. Augustine,
19. Preamble and Resolutions, asking an appropriation of
Congress of a donation to the Free School of St. Augus-
tine of public lots in said city.
20. Preamble and Resolutions asking an appropriation of
$10.000 of Congress, for the repairs of the road leading from
Tampa Bay to Pilatka.
21.. Preamlle and Resolutions asking an appropriation of
$2,500, of Congress for removing obstructions to the navigation
o' Gum Sw:mp.
22. Preamble and Resolutions, asking an appropriation of
$5,000 of Congress, for repairing the roads, bridges, &c., in
Nassau county.
23. Preamble and Resolutions, asking an appropriation of
Congress, for opening an inland communication from St.
Atugustine to Cane F!orida.
24. Preamble and Resolutions, asking the establishment of a
Mail Route, from Alligator to Centrevillaee, Ga
2-,. Preamble and Resolutions, asking the establishment of a
Mail Route, from Pilatka to Tampa Bay, via. Mecanopy, &c.
26. Preamble and Resolutions, asking the establishment of a
mail route from Alligator to Black Creek.
27. Preamble and Resolutions asking the establishment of
a mail route the old Alligator route instead of the present
route.
28. Preamble and Resolutions asking the establishment of a
mail route from Apalachicola via St. Joseph to Marianna.
39. Preamble and Resolutions asking the es-ablishment of a
mail route from Cedar Keys to Columbus, Florida.
30 Proamble and Resolutions 'he education of the poor chil.
dren of Dade county, for a certain period.








31. Preamble and Resolutions appointing commissioners to
lay off the county site in Nassau county.
32. Preamble and Resolutions granting Temple Pent mile.
age and pay, the same as is allowed to members of the Legis-
lative Council.
33. Resolutions granting N. Bryant mileage and pay the
same as is allowed to members of the Legislative Council.
34. Preamble and Resolutions relative to the land received
by Government for military purposes at Tampa Bay, Hillsbo-
rough county.
85. Preamble and Resolutions relative to the compensation
of the officers of the two Houses.
36. Preamble and Resolutions relative to, and for the relief
of John A. Edwards.
37. Preamble and Resolutions asking Congress for an addi-
tional Judicial District in East Florida.
38. Preamble and Resolutions authorizing the widow of the
Horo. Richard Burney to receive the certificate from the Secre-
tary of Florida, for the pay of her husband.
49. Preamble and Resolutions asking the Delegate to use his
best exertions to procure the passage of a law establishing St.
Joseph into a Surveyor's District.
40. Preamble and Resolutions requiring the Secretary of
Florida to distribute the census returns.
41. Resolution relative to a chamber of commerce at Key
West.
42. Preamble and Resolutions, asking of Congress an appro-
priation for clearing out the obstructions in the Suwannee Riv-
er, &c.
43. Preamble and Resolutions relative to the public lands.
.44. Preamble and Resolutions relating to the Seminary lands.
45. Resolutions requesting our Delegate in Congress to pro-
cure certain benefits and appropriations for Dade county.
46. Preamble and Resolutions asking a reappropriation to re-
pair the road leading from Jacksonville, East Florida, to the
Mineral Springs.
47. Preamble and Resolution relating to the Militia claims
of Col. Dempsey Pittman.
48. Resolutions relative to compensation of the Chaplains of
the Senate and House of Representatives
49. Preamble and Resolutions requesting an appropriation to
repair the bridges on the road from St. Augustine to New
Smyina, &c
60. Resolutions relative to the report of the Commissioners on
Indian depredations.in West Florida.
'51. Memorial to Congress relative to losses sustained by the
people of Florida from Indian depredations.
52. Preamble and Resolutions r-lative to Indian depredations
in Washington county, West Florida.







9
5 8. Preamble and Resolutions relative to the division of Flo-
rida into two Territories.
54. Preamble and Resolutions relative to the establishment of
a mail route from Jacksonville, via Tallahassee and St. Marks
to New Orleans.
55. Report and Resolutions for the relief of R. C. Allen's
representative.









OF THE TERRITORY OF FLORIDA,

passed by the Legislative Courcil at its Twenty-Second Session--l8 4


An ACT to admit Cameron Andearon to practicelaw in the several Cout,
in this Territory,
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governo and Legislatiav Counn
cilof the Territory of Florida, That Cameron Anderson, not. practice
withstanding his minority, may be admitted to practice as an
Attorney and Counsellor at law, in this Territory: Provided,
That the said Cameroa Anderson shall first be examined and Proviso.
declared qualified therefore, by one of the Judges of the Supe.
rior Courts of this Territory, or such persons as he may ap-
point. [Approved, 5th February, 1844.



An ACT mre particularly to define and change the Western boundary
line of Madison county.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
ctl of the Territory of Florida, That Gum Swamp shall be the Western Boun.
Western boundary line of Madison county, commencing at dary.
the Georgia line, thence down said swamp to the big Ocilla,
thence down said stream to the Gulph of Mexico, the present
boundary line of said county.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That so much of an act passed at
the last session of the Legislative Council, and approved 22nd Repealing
day of February, 1843, as conflicts with the provisions of this clause.
act, be, and the same is hereby repealed.
[Approved, 5th February, 1844.



An ACT to admit Mariano D. Papy to practice law in the several Courts
in this Territory
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governer and Legislative CouA-
cilof the Territory of Florida, That Mariano D. Papy, notwith.
standing his minority, may be admitted to practice as an At.
torney and Counsellor at law, in the several Courts of law and








Equity, in this Territory: Provided, That the said MarianoD.
Papy, shall first be examined and declared qualified therefore, by
To be first e. one of the Judges of the Superior Courts of this Territory, or
smined, such persons as he may appoint.
[Approved, 5th February, 1844.



An ACT to change the time of holding the Superior Courts of Walton
County.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That the Spring Term of the
Superior Court in Walton county, shall commence on the se-
Spring and cond Monday in March, in each and every year; and the
Fal tenna Fall Term shall commence on the fourth Monday in October,
in each and every year.
Sec. 2. Be itfurther enacted, That this law shall have full
force and virtue from and after the tenth day of May next.
Sec. 8. Be itfurther enacted, That all laws and parts of
laws conflicting with the true intent aud meaning of this law,
be, and the same are hereby repealed.
[Approved, 5th February, 1844.



An ACT to alter and change the name of Sarah Ann Vandergrift.
[SEc. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That the name of Sarah Ann
Vandergrift, shall be, and is hereby declared to be altered, and
changed; and that henceforward the said Sarah Ann Vander-
grift, shall be known and called by the name of Theodora
Caroline Trezvant.
Sec. 2. Be itfurther enacted, That this act shall take effect,
and be in force from and after its passage, and approval.
[Approved 5th February, 1844.



An ACT to amend anact entitled an act to organize Wakulla county.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cilof the Territory of Florida, That from and after the passage
of this act, that New Port, on the St. Mark's river, in the couq.
ty of Wakulla, shall be, and is hereby declared to be the
Cenlty site. county site of Wakulla county ; and that all suits that are, or
may be pending, in the said county of Wakulla, shall be trans.
ferred to, and stand upon the docket, in the Clerk's office at
said town of New Port.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the commissioners elect-








ed under the law organizing said county, be, and they are Court House.
hereby authorized, to contract for the building of a court house,
and other buildings for said county.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That so much of the act ap. o
proved 11th March, 1843, entitled An act to organize Wa- ue.
kulla county," that conflicts with this amendment, be, and the
same is hereby repealed.
[Approved 15th February, 1844.



An ACT to incorporate the town of New Port.
[SzE. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cilof the Territory of Florida, That all the tree white male in- Who shall be
habitants, over the age of twenty-one years, comprehended included.
within the section twenty-five, township three, range one, on
the lands known as Forbes' purchase, in the county of Wakul.
la, and District of Middle Florida, and their successors be, and
remain, a body corporate by the name and style of the town of
Newport ; and by their corporate name may sue and be-sued ;
implead and be impleaded ; and do all other acts as natural
persons; and may purchase and hold real, personal, ap4 mix-
ed property, and dispose of the same for the benefit of said city.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the government of the City Council.
said town shall be vested in a City Council, composed of an In.
tendant, and five Councilmen, each of whom shall have the
qualifications of a voter, and shall each in addition, be the own-
er of a lot or lots in said town.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That every white male inhab-
itant, who is a citizen of the United States, of the age of twen- Who shall be
ty one years and upward who shall have resided three months entitled tovote.
within the limits above described, and shall have paid all tax-
es and dues assessed on him by the said corporation, shall be
entitled to vote for Intendant and Councilmen, for the said Cor-
poration.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That the said Town Council, Powers of
shall have full power and authority to prevent and remove town council.
nuisances; to license and regulate retailers of goods and li-
quors, and taverns ; to restrain and prohibit all sorts of gam-
ing ; to license and regulate all kinds of public amusements;
regulate markets ; to provide and regulate burial grounds for
the use of said town; to sink wells; to erect and repair
pumps in the streets and public squares ; to erect and repair
market houses; to establish and regulate patrols; to regulate
the storing of gunpowder ; to tax and license hawkers, pedlars,
and itinerant merchants; to restrain and prohibit tippling
houses; to establish public schools, and provide for the super-
intendance of the same ; to restrain and punish vagabonds and
disorderly persons, and the disorderly conduct of negroes and








persons of color ; and generally to provide for the entire po.
lice and good government of said town: and shall also have
power and authority to drain swamps by canal or otherwise,
and remove such obstructions as may be considered prejudi-
cial lo the said town within the same and without, to the extent
of one mile in any direction; to cut out, regulate, and keep
the streets and avenues of the town in repair; to make and
erect all bridges and roads, leading to or from said city, for
the distance of three miles-and for that purpose may cross
.roio any creeks or rivers : Provided, The navigation of the same
be not obstructed ; to regulate the anchoring and mooring of
vessels, and establish quarantine regulations.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That the said Town Council
hall have power to levy taxes : Provided, The tax on real
Mayleryteaem. estate shall not exceed one per cent on the assessed value, and
to provide for the collection thereof, and shall have power to
makeand-pass all such ordinances, and impose such fines and
penalties for infringements thereof, or noncompliance there.
with, as to the said Council shall seem necessary to give effect
and operation to the powers hereby given and imposed upon
the said corporation. Any law of this Territory to the con-
trary notwithstanding : Provided, That no capitation tax be
ProWo. levied bn persons not entitled to vote for Intendant and Coun-
cilmen, and: Provided, said ordinances and rules be signed by
the Intendant and attested by the Clerk, and be posted up or
made public by publishing in a paper, for at least ten days.
Sec.6. Beit further enacted, That the said Council shall
May compel have power to compel the attendance of its members, and to
the attendance judge of the election returns and qualification of the Inten-
ofmembers. dant and its own members; to elect such officers as the said
City Council may deem necessary to give effects to the power
and duties of said Council, and to determine their salaries, and
the same to dismiss at pleasure; and two thirds of said town
Council may expel a member for disorderly behavior, or mal.
conduct in office.
Sec. 7. Beit further enacted, That it shall be the duty of
said town Council to causeto be kept regular records of their
Tokeeprecords proceedings, and their ordinances, rules and regulations,
and shall promulgate their ordinances without unnecessary de-
lay, by posting the same in three public places in said city, or
publishing in a newspaper in said town, for at least ten days.
They shall hold their meetings in public, at such time and
places as to the said Council may seem fit, and the Intendant
shall be President of the Board; and in the absence or disabil.
ity of the Intendant, a majority of the Council may, on any
occasion, appoint from their number an Intendant, (who shall
have power pro tempore, to do the duties of Intendant,) Pro-
vided, however, That a majority of the town Council then pre.
sent, may sit with closed doors, whenever they may deem the








public interest requires it; and three of the said town
Council shall form a quorum, for the transaction of business.
Sec. 8. Be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Duties of the
Intendant to see that the ordinances of the Council are duly ex. Intendant.
ecuted; to call meetings of the Council, when, in his opinion,
the public good requires it; and shall lay before the Council,
from time to time, in writing, seoh propositions as he may think
advisable for the public good ; and the said Council shall have
power to adjourn from time to time.
Sec. 9. Be t further enacted, That the Intendant shall,
within five days after his election, take oath or affirm before
any Judge r Justice of the Peace in this rerritory-That he Shall take an
will to the utmost of his power, support, advance, and defend oath.
the interest, peace, and good order of the Town of New Port;
and diligently discharge the duties of Intendant, during his eon.
tinulance in office, and support the Constitution of the United
States; and heshall within the aforesaid five days, convene
the Councilmen elect, and administer to eachan oath or affirms-
tion similar tothat taken by himself.
See. 10. Be it further enacted, That the election for Intei.
dant and Councilmen, shall be holden on the first Monday in Election when
April, in each ad every year ; and the said election shall be held.
held bytwodiscreet pesoneappointed by the Ceecil at least two
weeks before the day of election:; and the said inspectors shall
be first sworn, and neither of them shall be eligible to the of-
fice of Intendant or Councilmn ; the vote shabl he by ballet ;
the polls shall open at o'oloek in the morning, and close
at 2 oeclook same day: and the person having the highest
number of votes for Intendant, shall be declared ; and the per-
sons having the greatest namberofvotes for councilmen, shall
be declared, and notice of their election given each.
See. 11. Be itfurther enacted That if by refusal, absence,
or other casualty, the Intendant elect shall be prevented from
performing the organizing duties of this act required, a new A new election
election shall be forthwith held by the said Inspectors, and ten when held.
days notice of the same shall begiven, and said Intendant, and
City Council, shall have power to fill vacancies in their own bo-
dy, by causing new elections to be held by the qualified voters.
The Intendant and city Councilshall, in all oases continue their
respective functions, until their successors be elected and duly
qualified into office.
Seo. 12. Be it frther-smated, That William McNaught,
Mathias Swain; and John, Bowen, or any two of them,,be in. Inspector.
speeorsof an election, toba held in the town of New Port4 on
the first Monday in April next.
Se 13S. Be it further enastedG Thattha said town of New.
portashb be, and-is hereby located on thatpa* of Township
Three, RangeOaw, and section Twenty-five, lying on the West Loestion.
bank of the St. Mark's river; and that the corporation shall








not have or extend any jurisdiction over the inhabitants resi-
ding on the East bank of said river.
Sec. 14. Be it further enacted, That this actshall be in force
from and after its passage,
[Approved 15th February, 1844.



An ACT to authorize Elijah Andrews to etablish a Ferry ac-em the Ock.
locknee River at, or near Harvey' Mills.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Lgilatie Cn.ou
cilof the Territory of Florida, That Elijah Andrews be, and
he is hereby authorized, to establish and keep a public Ferry,
Ferry, whereat, or near Harvey's Mills, on the Ocklbcknee River; and he
kep- be allowed to ohaige such rates of toll as may be, from time to
time, established by the county court of Leon county.
Sec. 2. Be i further enacted, That all rights and privilege.
ea, profits and emoluments of said ferry, be, and they are here.
Limitation of by vested, in the said Elijah Andrews, his heirs, executors, ad.
Charter, ministrators and assigns, for the term of six years, provided,
he, the said Andrews, shall keep a flat, or boat of sufficientsize
to carry over a loaded waggon and team, and shall comply with
the rules and regulations that may be established by the coun.
ty court of Leon county ; or that may be hereafter provided
by law.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That it shall be unlawful for
any person to establish or keep a ferry, within five miles, up
or down said River, unless the same be toll free, and for his her
or their own individual use.
Sec. 4. Be itfurther enacted, That this Act, and the priv-
ileges herein granted shall be subject to amendment, by the
Legislature of the Territory, at any time when it shall be
deemed necessary.
[Approved, 28d February, 1843.



An ACTto alter and amdad an act approved the 4th March, 1849, au-
thorizing William H. Walker to establish a Ferry acesw the Wakulla
River.
[SEC. 1 Be it enacted by the Gonor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That William H. Walker, be
and he is hereby authorized to remove his ferry, to a place on
the Wakulla river, known and called Kundy's old fields,
with all the rights and privileges contained in the said Act,
Provided, That the same shall be subject to repeal or modifi-
cation by any future Legislature of the Territory or State of
Florida. [Approved, 2Sd February, 1844.








An ACT to amend an Act firing the time of holding the Superior Courts of
the Apalacnicola District.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That the Superior Courts of
the Apalachicola District, shall be held as follows, in each and
every year. The Spring Term in the County of Washington
on the fourth Monday in March; in the county of Calhoun on
the fourth Monday in April; in the county of Franklin on the
first Monday in May ; and in the county of Jackson, on the
third Monday in May. The Fall Term, in the County of
Washington, on the second Monday in November, in the coun-
ty of Jackson, on the third Monday in November; in the
county of Franklinon the first Monday in December, and in
the county of Calhoun, on the third Monday in December.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That all previous laws on the
this subject be and they are hereby repealed.
[Approved, 23d February, 18441



An ACT to incorporate the Trustees of the Presbyterian Church of
lamonia.
[SEc. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor, and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That the Ruling Elders and'
Deacons now elected,or whoshall hereafter beelectedin the Pres.
byterian Church of Iamonia, their survivors and successors inof-
fice, are hereby declared to be a body Corporate under the name
and style of the Perpetual Trustees of the Presbyterian Church
of lamonia, and in theirCorporate name and capacity, shall be
liable to take and hold real and personal estate, provided the
same shall at no time exceed the sum of fifty thousand dollars
in real estate, and to dispose of the same for the use, of the
Church and shall be capable of sueing, and being sued at
law, and in equity, under the above name and- style; and;
the said Corporation, shall have power to make rules and by.
laws for its own government in conformity with the Constitution
of the Pesbvterian Church in the United States.
Sec 2. Be it further enacted, That this charter shall be
subject to be repealed by any future Legislature of the Ter-
ritory or State of Florida.
[Approved 23d February, 1844.



An ACT to incorporate the West Florida Collegiate Institute.
[SEc. t.J Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That Henry Hyer, Francisco
Moreno, John Campbell, George E. Chase, Henry Ahreus,
3








Walker Anderson and Benjamin D. Wright, be and they are
hereby made a body politic and corporate for the education of
youth, by the name and style ofthe West Florida Collegiate In-
stitute,and as such they shall have power to sue and be sued, im-
plead and be impleaded, contract and be contracted with, to re-
ceive donations and to do all other acts and things necessary to the
purposesoftheir institution,with all the powers,rights and capac.
ities usually belonging to corporations of a like nature. They
shall also have power, under such regulations, as they may,
by their bylaws prescribe, to fill any vacancies which may oc.
cur in their o*n body.
Sec. 2. Be itfurther enacted, That it shall at all times be
competent for the Legislature of the Territory or State of
Florida to alter, amend or repeal this act.
[Approved, 23d February 1844.



An ACT to incorporate the Town of Milton in Santa Rosa County.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That from and after the passage
of this act, the free white male inhabitants residing within the
limits herein described, to wit:
Commencing at the mouth of Pond Creek; from thence, up
Blackwater River, to Quin's Land Line, from thence, along
said Land'Line, one half mile due west; from thence, due
south, to Pond creek ; from thence, down said Pond creek, to
Limlto 11theits mouth ; said Boundary is, on section three, Township one,
orporation. Range twenty eight, North and West, comprehending the site
of the Town of Milton, in the County of Santa Rosa, in this
Territory, be, and he same are hereby declared, a body poli-
tic and corporate, by the name and style, of the Town of Mil-
ton; with all the rights, privileges, powers, and.authority, in-
cident to, and appertaining to, a body corporate and politic, and
Priveleges.i by that name, may sue and be sued, implead and be implead-
ed ; hold, possess, and enjoy, real estate, personal and mixed
property, and transfer the same, and so dispose of, and manage
the same, and the funds of said Town, as shall be most bene-
ficial to the interest thereof.
Sec. 2. Beit further enacted, That Richard Vaughn, Wil-
liam Mack, William H. Johnson, Charles A. Tweed, William
W. Harrison, and Thomas J. Gardner, be, and they are here-
Town wardens. by appointed, Town Wardens, to be and continue in'office, un-
til the first Monday in January next; at which time, there
shall be an election held, at the court-house in said town for
five Wardens; and on the first Monday in January in each
succeeding y ear.
Sec. 3. Be itfurther enacted, That it shall be the duty of
said Wardens to meet, once in every month, in the corpor-








ate limits of said Town, or as often as in their opinion the public
good of said Town may require; and at their first meeting shall
appoint one of their body Intendant, who shall hold his office, To meet, se.
until the first annual election thereafter, provided however,
that the said Intendant and Wardens, shall continue to exercise
their respective functions until their successorsshall be appoin.
ted and sworn in.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That the said Town Wardens,
may adopt such by laws, rules and regulations, for their own
government, and for the government of said corporation, as
may seem to them most compatible to the interest thereof, and May adopt
they shall have full power and authority, to prevent and abate laws.
nuisances, and to license the retailers of spiritous liquors, keep.
ers of taverns and publicexhibitions ; to suppress riots and
disorderly assemblies, and to provide for the punishment of all
persons, guilty of breaches of the peace, within the limits of
said corporation.
Sec. 5. Be itfurther enacted, That the said Town wardens
shall have authority to define the objects of taxation, and estab- Taxation.
lish the rates thereof, and provide for the collection of the same.
Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That the said Town Wardens
shall have power to fill all vacancies, that may occur in their Vacancies.
body, from death, resignation, or otherwise, to continue until
the next annual election thereafter.
Sec. 7. Be it further enacted, That the Intendant and two of
said Wardens, or in the absence of said Intendant, three War. Quorum
dens shall constitute a quorum to transact business, and they
may compel the attendance of absent members, and settle
their own rules of proceedings.
Sec. 8. Be itfurther enacted, That it shall be the duty of
the Intendant, to exercise a general supervision, over the inter. Duties.
eat of the Town; to see that the ordinances are enforced ; to
issue all process, to convene the said town Wardens, at such
times as he may deem expedient, to preside at all the meetings
thereof, and shall be a Justice of the peace, ex.officio, within
the limits of said corporation.
Sec. 9. Be it further enacted, That the town wardens shall
have power to appoint a town constable, whose duty it shall be
to serve all process, and to perform all such other duties as Constable.
may be assigned him, to suppress riots, and to this end, he is
hereby vested with all the authority of constables, in the magis.
rates' districts in this Territory : Provided, his fees be such,
as are provided by law, for similar services.
Sec. 10. Be it further enacted, That the right of appeal to
the Superior Court shall be granted to any person or persons,
who may feel aggrieved, by any decision, under any of the or- Appeals,
dinancesof said wardens: Provided, he shall comply with the
requisitions required of persons taking appeal to Superior
Courts, in ordinary cases. [Approved 23d February, 1844.








An ACT to establish a Ferry across the St. John's River, at or near Con-
stancia.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cilof the Territory of Florida, That Joseph Finegan be, and
Ferry, where he is hereby authorized, to establish and keep a public ferry
kept. at, or near Constancia, on the St. John's river; and that he be
allowed to charge such rates of toll as may he from time to
time established by the County Court of Duval county.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That all rights and privileges,
profits and emoluments, of said ferry be, and they are here-
by vested in the said Joseph Finegan, his heirs, executors, ad.
Limitation. ministrators,and assigns, fbr the termof six years : Provided,
he shall keep a flat or boat of sufficient size to carry over a
loaded wagger. and team, and shall comply with the rules and
regulations that :nay be established by the county Court of Du-
val county, or that may hereafter be provided by law.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That it shall be unlawful for
any person to establish or keep a ferry within five miles up or
down the said river, unless the same be toll free, and for his,
her, or their own individual use.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That this act and the privi-
leges herein granted, shall be subject to amendment by the Le.
gislature of the Territory, at any time when it shall be deem-
ed necessary.
[Approved 23d February, 1844.



An ACT to authorize William Cason to establish a ferry across Santa Fee
River, at Fort White.
[SEC. 1.] Belt enacted by the -r;o ern r and Legislative Coun-
cilofthe Territory ofFlorida, That William Cason be, and he
is hereby authorized to establish, and charged with the duty of
Ferry where keeping a ferry on the Santa Fee river, at a place known as
kept. Fort White, for, and during the term of five years, from and
after the passage of this act.
Sec. 2. Beit further enacted, That the said William Cason,
his heirs, and assigns, shall at all tim-s keep a good and suffi-
May receive cient flat, or ferry boat to cross a loaded waggon and team ;
Ferriage. and he, or they shall receive such rates offerriage as may be
established from time to time by the county Court of Colum-
bia county, and shall be subject to tlh order of said court.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted. That it shall not be lawful
for any person or persons to establish or keep a ferry within
five miles of said ferry, either above or below, on said river, un-
less it be toll free, or for his, her, or their own use.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That this act shall, at any
time, be subject to the amendment, modification, or repeal of
any future Legislature of the State or Tirrirorv of Florida.
[Approved 23d February, 1844.








An ACT to repeal an act entitled an act to charge the time of hold.
the election for iRpresentative of the Legia,aive Counci forthe coun-
ty of Calhoun and for otner purposes.
[SEC. 1.] Beit enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil qf the Territory of Florida, That the act approved 9th of
March, 1843, entitled an act to change the time of holding the
election for Representative of the. Legislative Council for the
county of Calhoun, be, and the same is hereby repealed.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the election for Repre-
sentatives for said county of Calhoun shall hereafter be held on
the same day as in the other counties in this Territory to wit :
On the first Monday in November in each and every year.
Sec. 3. Be it furtherenacted, That this act sha'l be in force
from and after its passage.
[Approved 23d February, 1844.



An ACT to divorce Hn'dah Manning from her husband May Manning, and
to change the name of the said Huldah Manning to that of Huldah
Johnson.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That the marriage contract
heretofore subsisting between the said May Manning, and Hul-
dah Manning, be, and the same is hereby dissolved and annul-
led, and the said parties are hereby absolutely divorced from
the bonds of matrimony, as fully, absolutely, and entirely, as if
they, the said May and Huldah had never been married.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the name of the said
Huldah Manning, be, and the same is hereby changed to that
of Huldah Johnson, and that she be called and known by that
name.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That this act shall be in force
from and after its passage.
[Approved 23d February, 1844.



An ACT to authorize John L. Taylor and V. J. Strickland, to establish a
toll bridge across the Ocilla River, at the Indian trial.
[SBC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cil of the Territory of Florida. That John L. Taylor and V. J.
Strickland, be, and they are hereby, authorized to erect a toll
bridge across the Ocilla river, at the Indian Trail in the county Where erected.
of Jefferson.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the said John L. Taylor
and V. J. Strickland, their heirs and assigns, shall at all times
keep said bridge in good repair, so that it shall he safe in cross- Tobekept in
ing with loaded wagons and teams; and that the rates of tollrepair.








shall be regulated by the county Court of Jefferson county,
from time to time: Proviled, nevertheless, That the rights ac-
cruing under this charter shall be forfeited, unless said bridge
shall be kept in such good order and substantial repair.
Sic. 3. Be it further enacted, That the rights and. pri-
vileges accruing to thesaid John L. Taylor and V. J. Strick-
Term. land, their heirs and assigns, shall continue during the term of
twenty years.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That if the said John L. Tay-
Failure to e-lor and V. J. Strickland shall fail toerect the said bridge with-
ref.t in two years from and after the passage of this act, then all the
rights and privileges granted by this act shall be forfeited.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That this charter shall be sub.
ject to be repealed or amended, by any future Legislature ofthe
Territory or State of Florida.
[Approved 23d February, 1844.



An ACT to authorize Lewis B. Davis to establish a ferry across the Su-
wannee Rivet, at a place known as Booth's Spring.
(SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cilof the Territory of Florida, That Lewis B. Davis, be, and
Ferry, where he is hereby authorized to establish a ferry across the Suwan-
kept. nee river, at a place known as Booth's Spring, and charged
with keeping the same for and during the term of five years,
from and after the passage of this act.
Sec. 2. Beit further enacted, That the said Lewis B. Davis,
his heirs and assigns, shall at all times, keep a good and suffi.
cient flator ferry boat to cross a loaded wagon and team ; and
he, or they shall receive such rates of ferriage, as may be es-
Lt e of Frr'tablished from time to lime, by the county Court of Columbia
county, and shall be subject to the order of said court.
Sec. 8. Be it further enacted, That it shall not be lawful for
any person or persons, to establish or keep a ferry within five
miles of said ferry, either above or below, on said river, unless
it be for his, her, or their own use, and not for the purpose of ta-
king toll.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That this act shall at any time
be subject to the amendment, modification, or repeal, of any
future Legislature of the State or Territory of Florida.
[Approved 23d February, 1844.


An ACT for the relief of Sarah Ross.
WHEREAS, it has been shown to this Legislative Council,
that Seaborn J. Ross, of k1amilton county, in the Territory of
Florida, has, for several years past, abandoned his wife Sarah








Ross, and has wholly neglected, and still refuses to provide
means of support for her and her two children, and that said
Ross has no permanent residence or place of abode, but, to the
contrary, is roaming about with no visible means of support
for himself, but has admitted himself to be a gambler. And
whereas, it is further represented, that the said Sarah Ross is
unable to defray the expense of a suit in Chancery, to obtain a
divorce : And whereas, the said Sarah Ross has petitioned this
Legislative Council, to be divorced from her aforesaid husband,
and she be made the guardian of her children. Therefore, for
the relief of the aforesaid Sarah Ross,
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cil of the Territory of Florida. That the marriage contract sub.
sisting between Seaborn J. Ross and Sarah Ross, be, and the Marriage DiM.
same is hereby dissolved and annulled, nnd the said parties solved.
are hereby absolutely divorced from the bonds of matrimony,
as fully, absolutely, and entirely, as if they, the said Seaborn
and Sarah had never been married.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the county court of Co-
lumbia county be, and it is hereby authorized and required, to
take charge of the children of Sarah Ross, as fully and com-
pletely, as though they were orphans.
[Approved 23d February, 1844.



An ACT to change and alter the name of Susan E. Johnson, to that
Susan J. Edmonds.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That from and after the pas-
sage of this act, the name of Susan E. Johnson, of the county
of Gadsden, be changed and altered to the name of Susan J.
Edmonds; and by that name she shall hereafter be known and
called. [Approved 23d February, 1844.



An ACT to establish and regulate Pilotage on the waters, and in the har.
bor of Mosquito.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
eilofthe Territory of Florida, That from and after the passage
of this act, the County Court forcounty purposes of Mosquito
county, be, and hereby is empowered, to appoint one or more pi.
lots for the waters and harbor of Mosquito.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the County Court for coun-
ty purposes be, and hereby is empowered, to establish the rates
of Pilotage on said waters, and in said harbor, and prescribe
rules to govern pilots, and the collection of pilotage.








Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That all laws and parts of laws
conflicting with thei provisions of this act be, and the samc are
hereby repealed. [Approved 28th February, 1844.



An ACT to change the time of holding the County Court of Santa Rosa
County.
[SEC. 1 .] B it enacted by the Governor and Legislative. Coun.
cilof the Territory of Florida, That the Spring Term ot the
County Court of Santa Rosa county, shall hereafter be held on
the second Monday in June, in each and every year ; and the
Fall term of said Court shall hereafter be held on the second
Monday in Drcember in each and every year.
See. 2. Be it further enacted, That this act shall .take effect
from and aftf r rts passage; and that all acts, and parts of acts,
militating against the true intent and meaning of this act, -be,
and the same is hereby repealed.
[Approved 28th February, 1844.



An ACT to authorize Joseph Forsyth to build a bridge across Pond Creek
in Santa Rosa County.
[SEC. 1 } Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida. That Joseph Forsyth of Santa
Rosa county, be, arid he is hereby authorized to build a bridge
Bridge, where across Pornd Cr-fek in said county, at the point where the road
built, from Milton ':o Bapdad crosses said creek : Provided, The said
Forsyth shall keep ith .-aid bridge in good order, for th.- pas.
sage of carriages, and shall construct a good and sufficient
draw in said bridge of not less than thirty feet in width f9r the
passage of vessels.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the said Forsyth shall
Limitation. have the enjoym-nt of the said right for twenty years : Provi-
ded, Th.it this act shall be subject to amendment, alteration or
repeal by any future Legislature of Florida.
[Approved 28th February, 1844.



An ACT to incorporatethe Protestant Episcopal Church at Monticello.
[SS. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislatve Coun-
cilof the Territory f Florida, That William D. Mosely, Jo-
seph R. Rowles. and James R. Tucker, and such other. as
were elected Church Wardens and Vestrymen of the Episco.
Trustees. pal congr-gation at Monticello, and their successors in office,
shall be, and they are hereby declared to be, a body corporate,








by the name and style of the Trustees of Christ Church, at
Monticello ; and that the said trustees, and their successors in
office shall be invested with all manner of property, real, per-
sonal and mixed, including all monies due, or to become due,
donations, gifts, grants, hereditaments, privileges and immuni-
ties whatsoever, which may now, or at any time hereafter be-
long to the said Church ; and also, all monies that have been
or may hereafter be subscribed, given, granted, or conveyed
for building a church for said congregation at Monticello, to
have and to hold the same for the proper use, benefit, and be-
hoof of the said Church; and the said trustees and their suc.
cessors in office, shall be, and they are hereby declared to be
capable of suing, and being sued, and of using all necessary
legal measures for recovering, or defending any and all proper- Powersof
ty, whatsoever, which the said church may at any time hold,Trustees.
claim, or demand, and is herein secured, or otherwise, and also
with powers to make all necessary rules and regulations for
the temporalgovernment of said church, or otherwise, as well
the said monies as other property, with all rents, issues and
profits of the same, or any lands, monies, or other estate be-
longing thereto, or any part or parcel thereof.
See. 2. Be it further enacted, That an election forWardeena
and Vestrymen for the said church, shall be held annually, Electionof
commencing on the first Monday in Easter week, or as soon Wardens.
thereafter as may be, and the said election shall be held and
made by the Wardens and Vestrymen and Congregation ofsaid
church, or a majority of them ; and the said Wardens and
Vestrymen, or a majority of them, shall have, and they are
hereby invested with full power to fill all vacancies which may
occur, by death, resignation, or otherwise, in their own body,
until the next annual election, after the occurrence of such
vacancy.
Sec. 3. Be itfurther enacted, That the property, now own- Vta o .o
ed, or hereafter to be owned by the said church as aforesaid, ertylni te.
shall not exceed in value the sum of fifty thousand dollars.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That this act shall be subject
to be repealed or amended by any future Legislature of Florida.
[Apptoved 28th February, 1844.



An ACT to legalize the acts of the acting Clerk of Dade County.
WanERas, since the depopulation, or abandonment of Dade
county, caused by the Indians in 1840, the citizens have failed
to elect a Clerk for said county, and the then Clerk has acted
in said capacity, and performed all the functions of Clerk of
the County Court of said County. Therefore.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.








cilof the Terriory of Florida, That all proceedings had under,
Acts of the ac.and acts done by, the acting Clerk of the county Court of Dade,
ting clerk le. be, and the same are hereby legalized, and declared valid and
galized. good, as fully and completely as if the law hed been complied
with. [Approved, 6th March, 1844.



An ACT to alter and change the present boundary line of Hernando
County.
[SEc. 1.] Beit enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That the Northern boundary line
of Hernando county shall commence at the mouth of the Big
Withlacoochee River, thence up said river to the junction of
the Little Withlacoochee river, thence up said Little Withla-
Bondary. coochee to the head of the same, thence East to the Meridian
line, thence alone said Meridian line South to the Hillsborough
river, thence down said river to Fort Fostee; thence running
due West to the Gulf Mexico, thence along said Gulf to the
mouth of the Withlacoochee the point of beginning, including
all the land and islands, which said river lines and Gulf may
enclose. [Approved 6th March, 1844.


An ACT to alter and change the name of Hernando County.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
Naine chandeilof the Territory of Florida, That from and after the pas-
to Benton, Rage of this act, the name of Hernando county, in this Terri-
tory, be changed, and that said county, from henceforth, be call-
ed and designated, as the county of Benton.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That all officers heretofore
elected, or appointed for said county of Hernando, and all
Documents records, pleadings, commissions, and other documents hereto-
to hold good. fore designating said county, by thename of Hernando county,
be held as appertaining to said county of Benton, the same as
if the name of said county had not been changed.
[Approved 6th March 1844.



An ACT to alter and change the name of Rebecca Stephens.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That from and after the pas-
sage of this act the name of Rebecca Stephens of Jackson county,
be changed to Rebecca Davis, and by this name she shall here-
after be called and known.
[Approved 6th March, 1844.,








An ACT to Incorporate the Southern &reys.
[SEc. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That Petranela R. Lopez, Charles
Haager, Lawrence Andrew, and their successors and associ.
ates be, and they are hereby declared and constituted, a body
politic and corporate, by the name and style, of the Southern
Greys, and shall have power and authority, to make all such Bycorporate.
by-laws, rules, and regulations, as may be necessary, for the
government of said company : Provided, such by laws, rules,
and regulations, be not repugnant to the constitution and laws
of the United States, or of this Territory, and shall be ap-
proved of, by the Colonel commanding.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the strength of said Com- Strength of
pany shall be the same rank and file, as is now, or may hereaf- company.
ter be required, by the laws governing the Army of the Uni-
ted States ; and that noncommissioned officers shall be ap*
pointed by the Captain of said Company, who shall issue his
warrant to them of their appointment.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That the officers already
elected and chosen, by the said Company, shall be commission- Officers cor.
ed by the Governor, and shall continue in their respectivemisaioned.
grades to which they have been elected, during good behaviour.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That when any vacancy shall Vacanciesfilled
happen by death, resignation, or otherwise, in the officers of
said company, the same shall be filled, in such manner, as shall
be pointed out in the by laws of said company.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That the said Volunteer Corn- Attached 1st
pany, shall be attached to the first Battalion, Twelfth Regi.bat. 12th regi.
ment of Florida militia. [Approved 6th March, 1844. ment, F. M.



An ACT to establish the County Site of Dade County, and for other
purposes.
[SEc. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cil of the Territory of Florida, That the county site for the
county of Dade, shall hereafter be at Miami, on the South side Tern of court
of Miami River, where it empties into Bescaino Bay ; and two
terms of the County Court shall annually be held there, the
one on the first Monday in April, and the other on the first Mon.
day in October.
Sec. 2. B, it further enacted, That the Judge of the Superior
Court, for the Southern District, shall annually hold one term
of that Court, in, and for Dade county, at its county site, on the Duty of Judge.
first Monday in December, and shall appoint a Clerk of the
said Court, for that county, who shall keep his office at the coun.
ty site.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That the second section of an
act entitled ,: An act to repeal an act entitled an act concern.








ing jurtis te Southern euriica DistiC: anr. fcr c: hanr pur-
poses," approved 25th February, 1841, and the fourth and fifth
Repealing sections of an act entitled "An act to organize a county to be
clause. called Dade county," approved February 4th, 1836, be, and
the same are hereby repealed.
[Approved 9th March, 1844.



An ACT to be entitled an Act to authorize Edwin G. Booth to establish
a Ferry across the Apalachicola River.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
Ferry,where cit of the Territory of Florida, That all the rights and privil.
p. eges resting in Edwin G. Booth, by the provisions of an act
entitled, An Act to authorize Edwin G Booth to establish a
ferry across the Apalachicola River, below Ocheesa," approved
20th February, 1840, be and the same are extended for the fur-
ther term of ten years.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That this act shall be subject
to be repealed or modified by any future Legislature, State or
Territorial.
[Approved, 9th March, 1844.



An ACT to authorize Willis Watson to establish a Ferry across the Chipola
River, in Jackson county.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That Willis Watson be, and he
is hereby authorized to establish a Ferry across the Chipola
Ferry, where River, at point of said River, where the Federal road, from
kept. Tallahassee toPensacola, crosses said river, and that the a.
above named Willis Watson, his hei rs, Executors, or Adminis.
trators shall keep the said Ferry, with suitable boats or flats,
in good order, for the passage of carriages, and other vehicles
at all times for the term of ten years, from and after the pas-
sage and approval of this act. And should the said Willis
On failure to Watson, his heirs, executors, or Administrators fail to estab.
furnish neces- lish a ferry, and to furnish the necessary boats ar flats, for the
sary boats, &c. above named ferry, for the period of twelve months, from and
after the passage of this act, then his right to establish a ferry
at the above named place shall be void.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That it shal' be unlawful for
Prohibition. any person or persons to establish a ferry within three miles of
said ferry, except it be for his or their own use, and not for the
purpose of gathering toll.
So F Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That the rates of ferriage, at
rates 0o Fer-the ferry established by virtue of this act, shall be regulated
by the County Court of Jackson county.








Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That this act shall be subject
to repeal or modification by any future Legislature of this
Territory.
[Approved, 9th March, 1844.



An ACT to authorize William J. Hendricks to keep a Ferry at the Cow-
ford on St. John's river.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cilof the Territory of Florida, That William J. Henricks, be
and he is hereby vested with the right to establish and keep a Ferry, where
ferry at the Cowford on the South bank of St. John's river, op- kept.
posite the Town of Jacksonville ; for, and during the Term of
Ten years from and after the approval of this act, for the pur-
pose of transporting across said river all persons and proper-
ty, required to be ferried across from the South to the North
bank of said river.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of
the said Hendricks at all times to keep a sufficient number of Duty.
good boats, flats, and hands, to ferry over, such persons and
property as may be required to be transported across said riv.
er, without delay or hindrance, under penalty of forfeiture of
the privileges herein and hereby granted to him.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That it shall be unlawful for
any person to keep a ferry on the South bank of said River, Pohibition.
within two miles, either above or below said ferry, except for
private use, and not for the purpose of gathering tol!.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That the County Court of Du-
val county, shall at all times have power to fix, alter or mod- Rates ofFer
ify, the rates of ferriage authorized to be charged and deman-riagd.
ded at the ferry by this act established. And that said Hen-
dricks be authorized to demand such rates of ferriage as have
been heretofore, or may be hereafter established by said Court.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That this act shall at all times
be liable to be amended altered, modified, or repealed by any
future Legislature.
[Approved 13th March, 1844.



An ACT to authorize Maria Doggett, to keep u Ferry at Jacksonville on
St. John's River.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That Maria Doggett, widow of
John L. Doggett deceased, shall have and enjoy the unexpired Entitled to en.
term in the Ferry at Jacksonville on and over the St. John'sjoy.
river, which was granted to him by an act, entitled, An act








to revive and continue in force an act establishing a ferry o-
ver St. John's River ai Jacksonville," approved 2d of Februa-
ry lh38, and shall enjoy all the rights, and be subject to all
the !duties, and liabilities imposed on said Doggett by the said
act referred to.
St L. 2. Be it further enacted, That from and after the first
Rightto keepaday of January next, atier the passage of this act the said
Ferry. Maria Doggett, shall have the right to keep a ferry at Jackson-
ville, tor the purpose of transporting of persons. horses, mules,
cattle, carriages of every kind, and other things, to be trans.
ported from the North to the South bank of the river St. John's..
And shall for that purpose, keep at all times a good and suf.
Duty. ficient flat, and boat or boats, as may be necessary for public
accommodation together with sufficient and good hands to work.
the said boats, so required to be worked.
Sec. .1. Be it further enacted, That the said Maria Doggett
shall have the exclusive right to keep a ferry at Jacksonville,
Right. within, the corporate limits of said Town, for, and during the
term of ten years from and after the first day of January next:
Provided, She shall so lng keep said ferry in good repair :.
And providedfurther, That she shall at all times without de.
Provisos. lay, ferry over all persons or property required to be set over
on the South bank of the river St. John's. And provided,.
moreover, She shall not charge higher or greater rates of fer-
riage than are now, or may hereafter be from time to time es-
tablished by the county court of Duval county, And provided
also, That this act shall not be construed to prevent any per-
son or persons from keeping flats or boats for his, her or their
own use, but not for gathering toll.
Rates of f Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That it shall at all times be
ag.e. "lawful tor the County court of Duval County to fix alter or
modify, the rates of fer iage, lawful to be charged at said fer-
ry, but no ferriage shall be allowed, on cattle that may be
swam across the river at Jacksonville, and only a reasonable
compensation for the use of a swimming pen, when actually
erected.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That this Act shall be sub-
ject, to be altered, modified or repealed by any future legisla-
ture of Florida.
[Approved, 13th March, 1844.



An ACT to organize an Independent Company of Artillery to be called
The Florida artillery Company."
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cilof the Territory of Florida, That the Company of Artillery
known by the name of the Florida Artillery Company," be








and the same are hereby constituted an Independant Volunteer,
Company.
Sec. 2. Beit further enacted, That the said Company shall
be subject to the same rules and regulations as far as may be Subject.
applicable of an act passed 3d of January 1836, entitled An
Act to organize the Tallahassee Guards."
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That J.hn B. Decorce, Cap.
tain; Gerard Vengerhoits, Orderly Sergeant; Sebastian San.
guinette, Sergeant; Louis Hoc, Corporal; Francis Winker, Officers
Corporal, officers heretofore elected by said Company, be con-
tinued in command and if any of said Officers have not been
commissioned, that the Governor of Florida be requested to
commission them as soon as may be convenient.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That said Company may a-
dopt by-laws, rules and regulations by majority of members May adopt
and consent of the Captain, and shall have power to impose by laws.
fines for neglect of duty, which may be collected in any Court
of Justice in the Territory. Said Rules and Regulations not
to conflict with any law of Florida. or of the United States,
or the Rules and Articles of the United States Army.
[Approved 13th March, 1844.



An ACT to provide for the Partition or Division of real Estates.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legisll tive Coun.
cil of the Territory of Florida, That suits or actions, for the Suits institu.
partition or division of real estate, may be instituted by bill orted.
petition, on the equity side of the Superior Courts of thi~- Ter-
ritory, in the county or District, in which the lands to be divi-
ded, or which are the subject matter of the suit, may lie or
be situated ; and that the proceedings in such suits or actions
for partition, shall be governed by the ordinary rules of proceed-
ings, in the Courts of Chancery of this Territory, except as is
herein otherwise provided.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That such bill or petition may
be filed by any one or more of several joint tenants--tenants in
common,or co-parceners against their co-tenants--co.parceners
or others interested in any lands to be divided, and such bill or
petition, shall set forth the description of the lands or premi. May be filed.
ses, of which partition is prayed, by metes and bounds, oroth.
er sufficient description, and shall state according to the best of
the knowledge and belief of the petitioners, the names and
places of residence of the several owners, joint tenants, ten.
ants in common, or co-parconers, or other persons interested in
said lands or real estate; the quantity or proportionate share,
held or claimed by each, and such other matters (if any,) as
may be necessary to enable the Court to adjudicate fully, up.
on the rights and interests of the parties. But if the names,








residence, quantity of interest, or proportionate share of any
of the owners or claimants of such lands, are unknown to the
petitioners, or complainants, then it may be so stated in such
bill or petition, and such suit may proceed in the same manner as
though such unknown persons or defendants were named in the
bill or petition and such bill or petition shall be sworn to by
some one, or more, of the petitioners.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That on filing such bill or
Subpoenas to petition, a subpoena or subpoenas to appear and answer, shall
insue. issue against all of the defendants, who reside within the dis-
trict, in which the suit is instituted, which subpoena shall state
that the bill is filed for a partition of lands; and in case any
of the defendants shall fail to appear and answer such bill or
petition, within sixty days after the return day of the subpte.
na, then the same may, by order of the Court, be taken as con-
fessed against such defaulting defendant,or defendants, pro-
vided the subpoena or subpoenas shall be returned, personally
served, br duly executed according to law. And, in case any
of the defendants, in such bill or petition, are therein stated
Where defend- to be non residents of the district, in which the suit is instituted,
are non.resi or unknown, or their places of residence unknown then as to
dents. such defendants or parties interested in the lands in question,
the Court if in session, or Judge at Chambers, shall make an
order, requiring them to appear and answer such bill or peti-
tion within such time, not less than three months, nor more
Orderto be than nine months as the Court may deem proper, and such or-
published. der or notice of the same, shall be published weekly, in one or
more newspapers in the Territory of Florida, and one in the
City of Washington, and one in the City of New York, as the
Court may direct, not exceeding four in all, for such length of
time as the Court may direct, not less, however, than two
months, nor more than six months; and after the time fixed
for the appearance and answer of such last named defendants.
shall have elapsed, and upon due proof in writing by affidavit
to the satisfaction of the Court, that the order or notice has
been published according to the order of the Court the bill may
be taken as confessed against all of such non-residents, or un-
known defendants, as may fail to appear and answer: Provi-
ded, however, That personal service of a copy of such order
toappear and answer, or of notice thereof in writing, sixty
days before the time therein limited forthe defendant to appear
and answer, shall be (as to the defendant so served) deemed
Provisos, equivalent to publication and dispense with the necessity there-
of: And Provided, further, That in all cases the notice or order
whether published or served, shall contain a brief description
of the premises mentioned in the petition, the names of the
parties, or persons alleged therein, to be interested in such
premises, and shall state that the object of the suit is to
procure partition of the same.








Sec. 4. Be it further enacted. That upon the bill or petition be.
ing taken as confessed, or upon the coming in of the answersof
the defendants, the Court shall proceed to ascertain and adjudi. Court to ad.
cate the rights and interests of the parties, either by a reference, judicate th-.
to a master, by a hearing upon the pleadings and proofs, or inright of parties.
such other way or manner as may be most convenient, and ac-
cording to the ordinary rules and practice of the Court; and
shall also decree that partition be made, if it shall appear that
the parties are entitled to the same. Provided, however, That
when the rights and interests, or proportions, of the complain- Proviso.
ants or petitioners, are clearly established to the satisfaction of
the Court, or are undisputed, and also, when the rights and in-
terests of some of the defendants, but not all of them, are as-
certained or established, to the satisfaction of the Court, or
are undisputed, the Court may by decree, order partition to be
made, and the shares, proportions, or interests, of the com-
plainant, or complainants, and such of the defendants as have
established and satisfactorily proved their respective shares,
interests or proportions, to be set off and allotted to them, lea-
ving for future adjustment, (by further proceedings in thesame
cause,) the rights, shares, and interests, of the other defend-
ants.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That upon a decree of parti-
tion being made, the Court shall appoint three suitable andCourt shall ap
competent persons to act as Commissioners, in making the parti- pint commis.
tion decreed, who shall be selected by the Court, unless agreed sioners.
upon by the parties; and who shall proceed to make partition
of the premises in question, according to the order of the Court
and having made such partition, shall report the same in wri.
ting to the Court without delay. Such Commissioners shall
be sworn before entering upon their duties, by the Clerk of O"t" of Co"
said Court, or by any Justice of the Peace in said District,.
faithfully and impartially to execute the trust reposed in them,
and shall have power to employ a surveyor or surveyors, if
necessary, for the purpose of making such partition, and shall
be allowed such sum as may be deemed reasonable by the
Court, for their services, not exceeding, however, three dollars
per day, for every day actually employed.
Sec. 6. Be itfurther enacted, That either party may file objec-
tions, or exceptions, to the eportof the Commissioners within
tea days after they shall be notified of the filing of the same; Either party
or if no notice is given them, within thirty days after the sametion1e obj.ec
is filed ; and ifnoobjections or exceptions are filed as aforesaid,
or if the Court is satisfied uponthe hearing of any such objection
or exceptions, that they are not well founded, then the report
shall be confirmed, and a final decree shall be entered up,
which shall accordingly vest in the respective parties, the title
of the several parcels or portions of the premises allotted to
them respectively; and shall give to each of them the posses.
5








sion an. quiet title to thir .respective shares, as against the
other parties to the suit, or those claiming through or under
them: and a certified copy of said decree (being duly entered
according to law) shall be recorded by the complainants, or
some of the parties in interest, in the office of County Clerk of
the county in which the lands lie, which shall have the same
effect as If mutual releases bad been executed between the par.
ties.
Sc. 7. Be isfwrtker enacted, Such commissioners may be
Commioaneru removed by the Court, upon goodeause to be shown, and oth.
may be remo. ers appointed in their place; and any party in interest may
ed. except or object to their report, and such objections or except.
tions shall be heard and decided by the Court, and such further
order made thereon as to justice shall appertain.
Sec. 8. Be it further enacted, If the Commissioners so ap-
com e. pointed, shall report to the Court that the lands, tenements, or
ort to Co. hereditaments, of which partition shall have been directed as
aforesaid, are so situated, that a partition thereof cannot be
made without treat prejudice to the ownersoftPh same, and ifthe
courtt shall be satisfied ihat such report is juet and-orreot, the
Court may thereupon, by a rule to be entered on the filing-of the
said report, order the premises so situated to be sold at public
auction, to.the highest bidder, by and under the direction of
the said Commissioners, and the monies arising from such sale
to be paid into the court, to be divided among the respective
parties interested, in proportion to their shares or interest,
Sec. 9. Be it further enacted. For good cause to be shown,
the Court may order such sale to be made. upon a reasonable
Court to order credit, for part or all of the purchase money, but inall cases,
sale. at least one third of the purchase money shall be paid down,
unless all the the parties consent to a credit for the whole; and
in all cases the purchase money not paid'down, shall be secu-
red by bond and mortgage on the premises, and such other
additional security as the Court shall direct.
Sec. 10. Be itfrther enacted, No conveyance shall be exe-
No cv euted in pursuance of such sale, by the said Commissioners,
Bane to be exe- until the sale arid the terms thereof shall have been reported
cuted until re. to the Court, and the money arising therefrom paid into Court,
port of court. nor until the sale has been approved by the Court, and a con-
veyance orderpdin pursuance thereof.
Sec. 11 1Beitfurther enacted, Thatall parties in interest,
whether complainant-or respondent, shall, by decree of the
Parties to Court, be bound to pay a share of the cost and barges, arising,
cost. from'the partition-or sale of the land, in proportion to his, her,
or their interest, and such decree shall bh binding on all their
goods and chattels, lands or tenements, lying in said Terri.
tory; and in case of sale, the court may order the same to be
paid, or retained out of the monies arising from 'suoh sale,
and due or belonging to the parties who ought to pay the
same. [Approved 14th March, 1844.








An ACT to incorporate the town of Columbus.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislatie Coun.
cil of the Territory of Florida, That all the fiee white inhab- Limits of the
itants residing within the following limits, viz : beginning di. Charter,
rectly opposite the mouth of the Withlacoochee river, on the
East bank of Suwannee, and running up and down said rivei
the half of one mile, thence Eastwardly for one mile,so as to
embrace one section of land, and compreheniding the present
town of Columbus, and their successors be, and they are here-
by declared a body politic and corporate, by the name and style
of the town of Columbus, with all the rights, privileges, pow.
era, and authority incident and appertaining to, a body corpo-
rate and politic, or natural persons, and by that name and style
may sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded, hold, posses, and
enjoy real estates, personal and mixed property, and transfer
the same and so dispose of and manage the funds of said town,
as shall be most beneficial to the interests thereof.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the government of said GWidtst
town shall be vested in an Intendant and five Councilmen to be shall be vedtead
designated and known, as the town Council of Columbus, each C.
of whom shall, ht the timeof his election, be a resident within.
the limits thereof.
See. 3, Be it further enacted, That the tfowin Councii shall
annually, on the first Monday in January, be elected by the Elections when
qualified voters of said town, and it shall be their duty, at their held.
first meeting, to elect from amona themselves an wntehdant, who
shall hold his office until the next annual election: Provided,
however, That the said Intendant and Councilmen shall conti-
nue to exercise their respective duties, until their successors
shall have been elected: And provided further, 't at thi frst
election under this act shall take place on the second' Monday
in April next ensuing, under all the rules, regulations, and
restrictions in this act prescribed, under the syperintendance
of John W. C. Loud, David Platt, and George II. Smith, or
any two of them.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That the town council shall
have full power and authority to prevent and abate nuisances,. Powersof the
to guard against the introduction, and propagation of infectious tow'council
diseases, and generally to ordain and enforce such measures
as may be necessary for the protection and preservation of the
health of the town;.they may erect all necessary public build.
ing and dispose of the same, as the interest of the town may
require; they may sink wells, erect pumps, dig'drains, lay out'
burial grounds, and regulate and take care of the same; they
shall have power to regulate, improve, alter and' extend the
streets, lanes, avenues, and public squares, anidto open new
streets,.and cause encroachments, obstructions, decayed build'
ilgs, and all ruins, to be removed, they shall have power to es-
tablish-and, regulate patrols,. to regulate the trafficking with








persons of color, to regulate markets, the safe keeping of a
standard of weights and measures, and the conducting of auc.
tion sales within the town, to suppress riots and disorderly as-
semblies, and to provide for the punishment of all persons guil-
ty of breaches of the peace, within the limits of said town.
Commit f Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That the town Council shall
ontempto have the same authority to commit to prison for contempt, as is
vested in the criminal courts of the county : Provided, The
time shall not exceed twelve hours, or the fine five dollars.
Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That the Intendant shall give
ten days notice of the annual election, and appoint three citi-
Notice of Elee- zens as inspectors, to conduct the same, and should he neglect
tions. to order the election, any two of the councilmen, or a resident
Justice of the Peace is hereby authorized to order said elec-
tion as soon thereafter as may be practicable.
Sec. 7. Be it further enacted, That all free white male in.
Qualification ofhabitants of twenty one years ot age and upwards, who shall
voters, have resided permanently two months, immediately preceding
the day of election, within the corporate limits of said town,
shall be eligible to vote for councilmen : Provided, he has paid
all taxes, or fines that may have been imposed on him.
Sec. 8. Be itfurther enacted, That the town Council shall
Vacancies, have the power to fill all vacancies that may occur, by death,
resignation, or otherwise.
Sec. 9. Be it further enacted, That the Intendant and two
councilmen, or in the absence of the Intendant, three council-
Quorum. men shall constitute a quorum to do business, and may compel
th. -ttAndnncp of absent members and to settle their own rule
of proceeding.
Sec..10. ie it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of
the Intendant to exercise a general supervision over the inte-
Duty of Inten. rests ofthe town, to see that the ordinances are enforced, to is-
dent, sue all processes, to convene the Council at such times as he
may deem expedient, to preside at all the meetings thereof, and
to give the casting vote in cases of a tie.
Sec. 11. Beitfurther enacted, That the town Council shall
Town constable have power to appoint a town Constable, or Constables, whose
duty it shall be to serve all processes, and to perform such
other duties as may be appointed him, to suppress all riots, and
breaches of the peace, and to this end he is hereby vested with
all the authority, rights, and privileges possessed by constables
in the Magistrate's District in this Territory : Provided, his
fees be such as are allowed by law for sirpilar services.
Sec. 12 Be itfurther enacted, That the Intendant and coun-
Conservators of ilmen shall respectively enjoy, and exercise the authority of
the peace conservatorsof the peace.
Sec. 13. Be it further enacted, That the right of appeal to
Right of ap. the Superior Court shall be guaranteed to any person who may
feel aggrieved by any decision under any of the ordinances of








the town: Provided, he shall comply with the requisites exact.
ed of parties taking appeals to the Superior Courts in ordinary
cases.
Sec 14. Be it further enacted, That this act shall take effect
and be in force from and after its passage.
See. 15. Be it further enacted, That this act shall be subject
tobe modified, amended or repealed by auy future Legislature Charter subject
of the Territory or State of Florida. to be modified
[Approved 14th March, 1844.



An ACT for the relief of S. & Sibley.
[SEC. 1.1 Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That the Auditor of the Territo.
ry be, and he is hereby required to audit the account of S. S. Sib.
ley against the Territory, for miscellaneous printing, and is.
sue his warrant for the sum of one hundred and forty-four
-0-100 dollars, in favor of said Sam'l S. Siblev.
jApproved 14th March, 1844.



An ACT to etablish a Board of Commissioners of Pilotage for the Port of
Key West, and for other Harbors in the County of Monroe.
[Sec. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cil of the Territory of Florida, That there shall be established Board to on.
at the port of Key West, a Board of Commissioners of Pilot sit offi o e
age, to consist of five members, to be appointed, and commis members.
eioned by the Governor of Florida, by and with the advice and
consent of the Legislative Council, to hold their offices for the
term of two years, who shall have power to appoint and li-
cense, such persons as may be deemed most fit and proper, to
act as pilots for the port and harbor of Key West, which per-
sons, so licensed, shall hold their branches during good beha-
viour; and the said board of commissioners shall require from
said pilots, so licensed, such bond and security, for the faithful
performance of the duty required of them, as the said board of
commissioners shall deem proper, which bonds shall be made
payable to the Governor of the Territory, and his successor'sin
office ; and the pilots so appointed shall take and subscribe an
oath, (or affirmation,) well and truly to discharge the duties
required of him or them, as pilots; and the said commission.
ers of pilotage shall have power to define rules and regulations,
for the government of the pilots, which rules and regulations
shall be promulgated officially, by publishing in any newspaper.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That all vessels of war, an








merchant vessels, shall be subject to the following sates of pi-
lotage, for the bar and harbor of Key West viz :
All vessels of war, drawing 5 ft., and under 12 ft. 82 25 pr ft.
do. 12 14" 2 50 "
Ratesofpilot. do. 14 16 2 75 "
age. do. 16 18" 8 00 "
S do. 18 21 "- 3 25 "
do. 21 ft., and over, 3 50 .
All merchant vessels drawing 5 ft. and'under 12'ft. $1 50 pr ft.
do. ." 12 16 2 00 "
do. 16 18 2 25 "
do. 18 and over, 2 50 "
Mooring or unmooring a vessel by order of the master, 83 00
Transporting a vessel by order of master, 5 00
Vessels arriving or departing through the North West
Pass, and drawing -four feet water or upwards; ex-
cept as are herein mentioned, shall pay per foot t2 00
Ali vessels bound through the North West Phas, and touch.
N. W. Pas. ing at Key West, if spoken, shall be subject to pay half pilot-
age, unless the master shall request a pilot, to take charge of
such vessel, and take her over the bar, for which services he
shall receive full pilotage, according to the foregoing rates.-
All pilots detained on board of any vessel by the request of
her master, shall receive for each and every day's service the
sum of three dollars per day, over and above his pilotage.-
All fishing smacks, and wrecking vessels, (other than foreign,)
shall not be subject to pilotage.
Vesels not Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That any vessel having passed
spoken, the barof the North West Passage, before having been spo-
ken by a pilot, shall not be obliged to take one ;- bit if a pilot
goes on board by the request of the master, then he shall be.
paid full pilotage, at the usual rates.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That all vessels bound into-the
Vessels bound port of Key West, and spoken by a pilot, Boca Chica, bearing
to KeyWest. North, shall pay-half pilotage, unless a pilot goes on board, at.
the request of the master, then said pilot shall be paid full pi.
lotage, at the usual rates, as though she had been brought in
over the ship channel bar. All vessels arriving and' not hav-
ing been spoken by a pilot, before passing the above vamed li1
alits, shall be exempted from paying any pilotage.
Sec. 5. Be itfurther enacted, That all vessels-arrivigr through
the West pass, and the East end of the Dry Rocks, to the
Vemesarriving Westward of Sand Key, bearing' South West, if spoken, shall
through West pay half pilotage, unless a pilot goeson board at the request of
S the master, then the pilot shall- be entitled to full pilotage,
agreeable to the fbregoing rates; but if not spoken before pass.
ing the aforesaid middle ground, no pilotage shall be recovered.
Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That all pilots who shake
$ring a vessel into tiis-port, shril be- enttledWto oeay hetdtt,








unless the master of said vessel can show good and sufficient
cause to the contrary. Any vessel arriving at this port with-
out a pilot, shall have liberty to depart without one, unless the Pilots who
master should wish one. If any pilot shall speak a vessel bring vessels
bound to this port, outside the limits prescribed, and the master into port.
of the vessel shall refuse to take a pilot, he shall be liable to pay
half pilotage, and the pilot so speaking him, shall be entitled to
carry said vessel out, unless the master refuses to take a pilot
out, in which case, the pilot shall be entitled to half pilotage
out.
Sec. 7. Be it further enacted, That all fees and rates of pi Fee, hw
lotage which may become due, are hereby made recoverable, covered.
before the board of commissioners, Judge of the county court,
or any justice of the peace, of said county, having competent
jurisdiction
Sec. 8. Be it further enacted, That the board ofcommission-
ers ereatad under the provisions of this act shall keep a record Corn's shall
of their proceedings, which record shall be transferred to their keep a record,
successors in office.
Sec. 9. Be it further enacted, That the said commissioners
of pilotage shall have full power to vacate and revoke the li Com's may re.
cense of any pilot for misbehaviour, or non user of such li. vokethe llense
cense, or other cause to them. appearing just and reasonable, .
for the interest of commerce and navigation.
Sec. 10. Be it further enacted, That from and after the li.
censing and appointment of pilots, by said commissioners, for
the port of Key West, as aforesaid, if any person or persons, Persons acting
acting as pilots for the port of Key West, without a license as pilots with.
from said commissioners, shall be fined in the sum of twenty out license.
dollars for each and every offence, recoverable before the Judge
of the County Court, or any justice of the peace of said county,
having competent jurisdiction, and the same to be paid into the
Treasury of the county.
Sec. 11. Be it further enacted, That said commissioners of
pilotage shall have, and are hereby vested with power, to settle Con's vested
all matters of dispute, disagreement.or demand,between mas with power to
ters of vessels and pilots, under the provisions.of this act; and setl disputes.
for that purpose may issue write, enter judgments, issue execur
tions, and attachment, according to the rules and principles of
law ; and every process under the provisions of this section
authorized,, shall he valid,, if signed by either of the commit,
aioners.
Sec. 12. Be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for Corn's may ap-
said commissioners to appoint pilots for all inlets, bars and har- point pilot's far
bors, within.the county of Monroe in the Territory of Flori-Inlets, &o.
de, and in all respects to exercise the same jurisdiction,.or con:
trol over them, or any of them, as is hereby given over the pi.
lots of Key West.
Sec. 13, Be it further enacted, That the board of commis-
sioners of pilotage aforesaid, shall have power to establish rates Shal have








power to estab-of pilotage for all bars, inlets, and harbors, in the county or
lishrates, &c. Monroe, other than the port and harbor of Key West, which
port of Key West is provided for, in the second section of this
act.
Sec. 14. Beit further enacted, That for the examining, ap.
CompensationPointing, and licensing every pilot, the said board of commis.
of commision'ssioners shall be paid the sum of ten dollars, as a compensation
for their services, to be retained by the board, for the payment
of their expenses.
No keeper of a Sec. 15. Be it further enacted, That no keeper of a light
light house house, or lightship shall be appointed pilot for the port of Key
shall be appoint. West, or for any of the bars or harbors in the county of Monroe.
t.e and for. Sec. 16. Be it further enacted, Thatall fines and forfeitures
teitures, accruing under the provisions of this act shall be paid into the
county treasury, for county purposes.
Sec. 17. Be it further enacted, That so much of an act, en-
Repealing tilled An act to establish a board of Wardens and commis.
clause. sioners of pilotage, for the port of Key West," approved 20th
February, 1840, as is repugnant to the provisions of 'he fore-
going act, and no more, be, and the same is hereby repealed.
[Approved 14tA March, 1844.



An ACT to Legalize certain acts of the Clerk of Columbia County Court,
and for other purposes.
WHEREAs, the Clerk of the County Court, of Columbia
Preamble. County did from somecause fail after his re-election in 1840
or 1841 to give bond and security as required by law, AND
WHEREAS, the said Clerk did perform all the functions as Clerk
of the said Court as aforesaid. AND WHEREAS such failure
may vitiatethe proceedings bad under, and acts done by the
aforesaid Clerk: Therefore
[Sec. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor, and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That all the proceedings had
Certainacts under, and acts done by, the Clerk of the County Court of
legalized. Columbia County, from January 30th, 1839, to March 24th,
1843, be and the same are, hereby legalized and declared val-
id and good, as fully and completelyas if the said Clerk had
given bond and security as required by law: Provided, That
all the rights which may have accrued to any persons or par-
ties, in any cause which may have been instituted prior to the
passage of this law, shall in nowise be effected by the same,
but remain as if this act had not been passed.
The traneeript See. 2. Be itfurther enacted, That the transcript of the Re-
ofthecourt&e. cords of the County Court of Columbia County, made by Jesse
Carter in the year 1843, upon an order of the Judge of the
county court of said county of Columbia, shall have the force
and legal effect of original records; not however to render val-








M any such reCord where for any othie sufikeiet lefat chaiue
the same may be invalid.
[Approved 14th MadcA; 1844.



An AC' to incorirate tie Titaasaaee Jinw Library AjsociatioiL
(SEC. 1.1 Be it enacted bf tie Governor ad Lenislatide Ci.ou
cilof th Tritory of FloridZ That William 1. Brocken,
brough, Leslie A. Thompson, James D.,,W estcott, Jr., Jamnes A. Bodyeorperate
Berthel6t, David S. Walker. Joseph ranch, and their asso.
ciates and successors be and they,are hereby incorporated as a
body corporate, by the name of the Tallahassee Law Libra.
ry Association and by that name may contract and be con.
tracted with, sue and may be sued, implead and be impleadedA
and do all other things-neeessary to effect the objects of tieir in.
corporation.
That the oftcer of said society shall be three Directors, one
of whom shall be President, another Secretary, and another .
Treasurer, thereof, tobe elected by majority f the share ho-. Offi*s.
ders of the association whoshall also elect a librarian of the
association to hold their office for the teriafixed by the by laws
of the association,
That the Sha.es of said; Association shall be at least fifty
dollars each, the whole thereof to be approprisite'd to the pur-
chase of Law Books for the exclusive use of the meribers of Share.
the said Association and not to be removed fromithie room oo-
cupied by the library of said company.
The company shall have power to make such bylaws as a
majority of the shareholders thereof may deem necessary to Powers'
enforce payment of arrearages from members or forfieture of
their shares for non-payment and to effect the purposes of their
incorporation.
No membershall own more than one Shqre in-said Associaiio.
nor assign the same but by permission of the association: an', Share.
each shall be exemptfrom execution for debt against any india
vidual member.
Thi sact shall be subject to-alteration, amendment; and re-
peal, by any future Legislature of Floridai Subject tog-
42 [Approvtd, 14ihMlk rcA, 1844. u 'ra
repeML



Ab AM th it aRald Wksaiyth -L 6*tWal 91. oadi coafMy:
[SEC. 1.1 Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative CdoW
c~P ofl't~r oJf Fj, Th'ath- DIstrief of coutitry
bdfidd@i t aIt I tbws, rt *W i : B fSil 6otlieI Atlihtd' cost;,








about twelve miles South of Port Ann, atthe terminus of the
upper or northern parallel line just completed by Col. Washing.
Boundary. ton, and running due west, alone said parallel line to the high
Sand Hills, (commonly called Thlanhatkee, between Ranges
twenty.six and twenty-seven east,; thence running a line
southwardly, (leaving Lake Istokapaga to the eastward)
to the western shores of Lake Okeechobee; thence run-
ning a line eastwardly to Hillsborough Inlet, on the Atlantic,
thence northwardly along said Atlantic Coast to the point of
beginning, including all lands, Lakes, Rivers, and Islands,
which said lines may enclose, shall constitute a county to be
called "St Lucia County."
Sec. 2. B, it further enacted, That for the protection and
Govemor administration of justice in the County established by this act,
empowered to the Governor of this Territory be, and he is hereby empower-
ppointoffier. ed, to appoint such officers as he is, or may be authorized to
appoint in the different counties of this Territory.
Sec. 8. Be itfurther enacted, That the legal voters of said
county be, and are hereby authorized to elect such officers,
Legal voters to civil and military, as are authorized by law in the several
elet ficer counties of this Territory, and the officers so elected shall hold
their offices for the same period, exercise the same powers, in.
cur thp same penalties, and be entitled to the same compen-
sation and Pmol ument, as is or may be by law provided for the
officers of the same stations within the several counties in this
Territory,
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That the time for holding
lention, whenelections or officers authorized to be elected by the third sec-
held. tion of this act, shall be on the first Monday in May next, and
at the usual day thereafter, as by law are directed in the sev-
eral counties of this Territory, and in the same manner.
Sec. 5 Be it further enacted, That the Judge of the County
court to be appointed by virtue of this act, shall hold two terms
Termsof court.of his Court beginning on the third Monday in May, and the
third Monday in November, in each and every year, which
courts shall be held at the House' of John C. Cleland on In-
dian River, until a permanent county site be selected and es-
tablished.
Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That the voters resident in said
Commisionere county, whoare by law qualified to vote for members of the
tobe elected. LegislativeCouncil, shall, at the time ofthe election held for
electing the different County officers, authorized by the third
section of this act, elect five commissioners whose duty it shall
be to select and locate a permanent county site, on some unoc.
upied spot of land, as near as practicable to the centre of said
county.
Courts to be See. 7. Be it further enacted, Thatlhe Superior Court for
held as hereto- the Eastern District, now directed by law to, be held at St. Au-
fore. gustine shall be held for the,*oualt 0 f.8t.John's, Alosquito,








and St..Lucie, as heretofore, and all suits to be brought or
commenced in the Superior Court against persons residing in
either of those counties, may be brought in the said Court held
at the place aforesaid; and all process in such suits, shall be
made returnable at the terms of the said Court to be held at
St. Augustine, aforesaid.
See. 8. Be it further enacted, That all suits or actions, of
whatever kind pending in the Superior Courts, or County
Courts of Mosquito county, against any person or persons re.
siding within the boundaries of St. Lucia County, together paprs, ., to
with all papers and documFnts, of whatever kind, connectelt be d, vered to
with such suit or suits, action, or actions, shall, within thirty clerks, &c.
days after notice from the clerks of the Superior courts, and
county court of said St. Lucia county, be delivered to them
respectively; and the said suits, actions, prosecutions, or
causes, shall stand upon the dockets in said St. Lucia County,
but no portion of this act is to be so construed as to transfer
any suit or action that has been, or may be commenced, in the
Superior or County courts of Mosquito county, against any
person or persons residing within the boundaries of St. Lucia
county until such Superior courts shall be duly organized and
established.
Sec. 9. Be it further enacted, That the Counties of Mosqui. Election dir.
to and St. Lucia shall form one election District, and shall b, trict.
entitled to one member in the House of Representatives of the
Legislative Council.
Sec. 10. Be it further enacted, That all laws and parts of
laws conflicting with the provisions of this at be, and the Repaling
same are hereby repealed, and that this act shall be in force clause,
from and after its passage. [Approee 14th March, 1844.



An ACT to amend an act now in force in this Terntory in relation to
L(ads, Highways and Ferries.
[SEC 1.] Be it enacted bythe Governorand Legislative Coun-
cilof the Territory of Florida, Thai the county Court of St.
John's county, when assembled for county purposes in each Road Tax.
year shall have power to direct the assessing and collecting of
a Road Tax : Provided, the same shall not exceed one dollar
per annum for each and every person subject to road duty.
Sec. 2. Be itfurther enacted, That said Road Tax or so Collectedunder
much thereof as may be necessary to keep the Roads and dirc*ionofroad
Bridges within the county of St. Johns in repair shall when commissioners.
occasion should require it, be assessed and collected by, and
under the direction of .he Road Commissioners and the person
or persons so appointed to collect the said Road Tax shall re-
ceive as compensation for his or their services five per cent up-
on the amount by him or them collected.








S ec. ,. Be t further e ted, That any person shall have
the right to comnimue his road ty, by supplying laborers to
Laborers to b- work *p te roadat such an arsountper day as may be deter-
received in lieu pin.~(by tbe spil o .miisiot rs ; and the overseers of the
of money. ifgas shall giye ertiiates of the labour thus supplied which
shall be received by the Tax Collector in lieu of woney.
Sec. 4. Be i further enrciyd, That the Tax collected by
virtue of tis .act shall be paid into the County Treasury and
Tax appliedex-bes.ubject to the order of the Road coramissioaerg of said-
cluaively to the Coupty which Tax sall tbe applied exclusively to. the making
asking andt and erpariing of roads id Bridges, and the said Treasurer
pfira.t- a dp l:l receive for his services two aad a half per cent for re-
qiving ,and disbursing the same.
CIato e. .S~' qi" ~ i rather ewcr ed, That whenever it mnay become.
f erseer nepesary io work upon Spy of the Roads in said ooupty, the
superinten- uperintendant or Overseerof said Roads, appointed by said
dants. comrmi.qsicqers shall each receive two dollars per day. for eve-
ry4ay lior they may be employed in the perforPJnp of the
work designated by said commissiorters.
Sec.. 6s it farther enace, That so much of the law ow
epe&lin in 3orceie ibhia Trritory in relation to goads, Highways, and
elause. Ferrips as conflict with this act shall be inoperative wirtin th e
thelimits of St. John's county.
[Approved 14J 4March, 1844.



An ACT to organize the Monroe County School.
[SEC. 1 Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
t stees to be oi of the Terrrtory of Florida, That the inhabitants of the
elected, county of Monroe being freeholders therein, or heads of Fam-
ilies havi,,a children to educate therein, may assemble annu-
ally at thl-Court House in Key West, on the first Monday in
4pril and elect three trustees, who shall hold their office for
one year; and in case of failure to elect such trustees on that
day, those in office shall hold over until the next annual meet-
ing, and so on from year to year until the trustees shall le
elected,
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That whenever a vacancy
shall occur in said board of Trustees either of those remain-
ing may notify the said inhabitants to meet at the Court Hlouse,
on a day certain, to fill such vacany by election, and the np-
Vacaniestobetice shall be posted, in three of the most public places in the
filed. city. at least six days before the day appointed for the eleotioq;
And if the trustees neglect, for twenty days to give sut h no-
tice, any three of the said Inhabitants may give it; and at the
day named the in habitants entitled to elect as aforesgaid may
assemble and elect a trustee or trustees to i11 such vacancy.
Sec. 3. Be itfurther aeaWg4, That whe aosepWfAfjm elasq-








tion as above provided, the said electors, as soon as may be, af.
ter nine o'clock in the forenoon and not before, shall appoint a
Chairman protem, and choose viva voce, three Inspectors, Inapectorsto be
whose duty it shall be to conduct and superintend the Election chosen.
and ascertain and declare the result ; And all such elections
shall be by joint ballot.
Sec. 4. Se it further enacted, That the treasurer of said
county, shall pay to the said trustees out of the Treasury, the Fund appropri.
sum of eightt hundred dollars, including the fund in the tress- ated, for the ed-
ury derived from the Auction Tax, for the education of poor ucation of poor
orphan children, as provided by the acts of 4th of March 1839, orphan chil.
and 25th February 1840. And he shall also, from time to time e
pay over to the sidtrustees, all moneys which he may here.
after receive on account of the said fund. And the county
clerk, shall hereafter pay to the said trustees all the moneys,
which he may collect for licences to keep Billiard tables, re-
tail spiritous Liquors, exhibit Shows, or Peddle goods, under
the act requiring such licenses, approved, March 2d, 1840.--
And with such moneys the said trustees shall purchase a piece
of land in Key West, suitable for a School House lot, and shall Funds to be ap.
procure to be erected thereon a School House suitable to the plied.
wants of the said inhabitants, shall keep the same in repair and
shall apply the residue of such moneys to the payment of the
Teacher's salary.
Sep. 5, Be it further enacted, That the said Trustees shall
be a body corporate, by the name of the Trustees of Monroe Trsteesabody
County School, in whom shall rest, the title to the said School corporate.
House and lot, and they shall be empowered, to sue and be
sued, to make contracts relative to the business of the said
school, to regulate the price of tuition, and give to the teacher
whom they shall hire and employ, a warrant for the collection
thereof, and they shall have the entire management and direc-
tion of all matters and things appertaining to the said school,
but children whose parents or guardians shall be unable fo
pay their tuition, shall be educated without charge.
See. 6. Be isfurther enacted, That al acts or parts of acts, repealing
inoonsistant with the provisions of this act, be, and the same-cluse.
are hereby repealed.
[Approved 14th March, 1844.



An aaT to inporpoiate" The Wal4nn RAnw,"
sF, 1.] Be- it entede by thi Governor a4nd 4giative. Ca -
ciof ts4 T'erritory of lori4S, That the Compaly aow orgap, Constituted ao
isd in.the Town o 'f Pw' Po)r k4own, as, the Waklull4I1ndependent
Ragers, shall be, Qad is hereby constituted an, IndepepdAetnt*
Compa to bh called the Waklpla 8iogeia.
64=5 2 fgk-the enactf4, That sapoaymbsa hav.








power to elect their own officers and pass such by laws and
regulations as they may deem proper and expedient for their
Powers. management and government and that the officers already e-
lected shall remain in their respective commands till they re-
sign or are removed.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That the siad company shall
Exemptions. be exempt from all parades except at such time and places as
are now set apart and provided for by law.
Sec. 4. Be itfurther enacted, That said Company shall not
exceed sixty two in number, including commissioned and non.
Number limit, commissioned officers and privates, and that commissions be is.
ed. sued by the Governor to William Hf. M'Naught as Captain.-
To John D. Brown as first Lieutenant; Benjamin Nuson, jr.,
as second Lieutenant.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That the reports and returns
of said company shall bo made to, and through the staff of the
eports and Colonel commanding the regiment to which it belongs
S and that said company shall be entitled to, and procure
a stand of Colours, and at dress parades of inspection or drill
appear with the same displayed agreeable to the usages of
War.
Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That the Governor be and
Arms. he is hereby requested to make application to the proper de-
partment at Washington for a sufficient number of rifles to
furnish said company together with the necessary accoutre.
ments.
[Approved, 15th March, 1844.



An ACT to incorporate the Apalachicola Fire Company.
[SEc. 1.1 Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
il of the Territory of Florida, That D. B. Wood, Benjamin
S. Hawley, H. G. Guyon, W. A. Kain, Wm. foster, Q. S.
incorporated. Holmes, David G. Raney, Eben J. Wood, Joseph Schrodts and
A M. M'Kay and their associates, be, and they are hereby in.
corporate by the name and style of the Apalachicola Fire
Company" with powerto sue and be sued, plead and be im-
pleaded and to ordain, establish, and put in execution such by
laws. rules and regulations as they may deem necessary and
expedient for the Government of said Company.
Sec. 3. Be tt further enacted, That said company are here-
by made capable on leave to have, purchase, receive, possess,
enjoy and return to them and their successors, lands, houses,
rents and other Hereditaments in fee simple or for a term of
Made capable years, also goods, chattels and effects of what nature or kind
soever, and the same to grant, demise, alien or dispose of and
by the name aforesaid to do and execute all other things touch.
ing the same: 'Provided, That the_ value of the estate both








-real and personal which they may possess does not exceed the
sum of four thousand dollars.
Sec. s. Be it further enacted, That said company shall be
exempt from all duties as jurors in the superior or inferior Exemptions.
4Courts of this Territory, Provided, That there be a sufficient
number of Jurors in the County of Franklin exclusive of the
members of this company and not otherwise.
Sec. 4. Be itfurther enacted, That said company shall at no Nam'r of nmem-
time consist of more than forty two members. bers limited.
Sec. 5. Be itfurther enacted, That this act shall be subject Act subject to
to amendment or repeal by any future Legislature of this Ter. amendment or
ritory-or State repeal.
[Approved 15t March 1844.



An ACT to establish a Superior Court in Mosquito County.
[Sac. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cil of the Territory of Florida, Thst it shall be the duty of the Teim of Court
Judge of the Superior Court for the Eastern District of Florida, to beheld.
to hold a term of said Court, at the county seat of Mosquito
county, on the second Monday of June, 1844, and on that day
in each and every year thereafter.
Sec. 2. Beit further enacted, That the said Superior Court
shall, while sitting at the county seat of said county of Mos- Juredictionof
Court.
quito, have and exercise jurisdiction over all offences against
the criminal and penal laws of this Territory, committed with.
in the counties of Mosquito and St. Lucie, as well as over all
civil suits or actions arising within the said counties, or either
of them ; and shall also have and exercise appellate jurisdic-
tion over the judgments and decisions of the County Courts of
said counties respectively.
See. 3. Beit further enacted, That said Judge shall have
power to appoint a Clerk for said Court, who shall keep his of Clerktobe ap.
fice at the county seatof Mosquito county, or as near as prac- pointed.
ticable thereto; and who shall, before he enters on the duties
of his office, give bond in the penalty of two thousand dollars,
with security to be approved of by said Judge, conditioned for
the faithful performance of the duties of his office.
Sec. 4. Be if further enacted, That it shall be the duty of Duty of Clers
the Clerk of the Superior Court of St. Johns county, to turn of St. John's
over and deliver to the Clerk of the Superior Court of Mosqui- ountY.
to county, all papers relating to any suit that may be pending in
said Court, after the next March term of said Court, where the
defendants reside in either of the counties of Mosquito or St.
Lucia; an order of the Judge being first had and obtained.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That all laws or parts of laws Repealing
conflicting with the-provisions of this act, be, and the same are clause.
hereby repealed. [Approved 15th March, 1844.








An ACTto pevntthe eiredoltiod df bfdau bi a.
[SEC. 1] Be i enacted by ihe Governor and Legislatite Coun-
sil of the Terrioryof Florida, That it shall not be lawful for
any person or company, unless such power be expressly con.
ferred by charter, to issue any change bill, or note, or other
paper to be circulated as money, under a penalty of one hun.
dred dollars for each violation of this act, to be recovered by
action of debt before the Supreme Court, at the *nit of any per-
son to the use of the county, where such violation of this act
aiill occur. One half ofauch sum recovered to'go tothe penton
bringing theuit, and the other half to the county.
[Approved 15th March, 144.



An ACT to divorce Caroline Q. Jdnes.
[SEO. 1.] Be f t naced by tIk Gwereno iM Legtdlatfe Couin-
dilofthe Territory of Forida, That the marriage of Caroline
G. Jones, and her husband James S. Jones, be, and the same
is henoeforward totally dissolved, and the said Caroline is here-
by remitted to the same rights, privileges, and immunities, as
if the said marriage had.never transpired.
[Approved 15th March, 1844.



An ACT for the relief of J. B. Bull, and the Executors of P. Kerr.
WHEREAS, the said Jabez B. Bull and Patrick Kerr, were
sureties for W. H. Michaels deceased, the collector of the
Territorial Taxes for Leon county in 1838, and whereas, by
Preamble, the petition of said Bull and the Executorsof said Kerr to the
Legislative Council it appears they have been unable to avail
themselves of the benefit of the act heretofore passed for their
relief byreason of the destruction of papers and vouchers of
said Michaels by fire in Tallahassee-and whereas, by the re.
ceipts, documents and accounts filed with said petition there is
reason to believe said Micheals after deducting credits for in-
solvencies and delinquenciesif in default, was so only in the
,sum of Forty.seven 50-100..dollars ($47.50) or thereabouts
and it would be unjust to oompel said sureties to pay his ac-
count more than said sum.
(Sac. 1.] Be it therefore enacted by the .Governor and Legisla-
ive Council of the Territor of Florida, That on payment of all
t to b the costs and um of Forty-seven and 50-100dollars ($47.50)
continued, the said Birl and the Exeutors of said.Kerr, the District At-
torney of the Middle District be authorized to discontinue the
suit against them and enter satisfaction on said bond.
[Approved 15th March,4844.








An ACT to unable certainpersons to dispose of Real Estate at Private s3k
[SEc. 1.] Be it enacl~l by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That B. D. Battle, administra.
tor of J. L. Battle, W. H. Battle, and B. H. Battle Executors
of John W. Lewis, be and they are hereby authorized to sell
and dispose of all the real estate belonging to the estate of J.
L. Battle and John W. Liewis, lying and being in Jackson
County, at private sale, upon entering into bond with good se-
curity tobe approved by the Judge of the county court in a
sum double the worth of such real estate conditioned for the
faithful execution of the power here conferred, and also for the
appropriation of the proceeds of such sale to the use and bene.
fit of the said estat-s, which bond shall be filed in the county
court's office of Jackson county.
52 Approved 15th March, 1844.




An ACT for the relief of Francis.R. Sanchezand otheu.
WHEREAS, in or about the year one thousand eight hundred
and thirty nine, one John Hope was indicted for Larcen), by
the Grand Jury for the counties of Alachua and Hillsborough
at a Term of the Superior Court held at Newnansville, and Preamble.
the said John Hope was recognized with Francis R. Sanohez
and James L. Townsead as his sureties, the said sureties oech,
in the penalty of five hundred dollarsconditioned for the ap-
pearance of said Hope to answer to the charge in said indict-
ment contained: and it appearing to this legislative Council
reasonable to discharge the said sureties from their said recog-
mzancies, and the said J. L. Townsend having departed this
life, whereby his hiers and legal representatives are bound:
For remedy whereof
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cilof the Territoryof Florida, That the Recognizance on file
in the Superior Court for Alachua county at Newnansville, Reca zane
conditioned for the appearance of John Hope to appear at said so far as affects
Superior Court, and answer to an indicmeni charging him sureties declar-
with Larceny, so far as said Recognizance may affect his sure. ednullandvoid
ties, Francis R. Sanch z and James L. Townsend, or the heirs
and legal representatives of the said Towunsend since deceased,
be, and the said recognizance is hereby declared and enacted
to be null and void-abd the said Francis R Sanchez, and the
'heirs and legal representatives of the said James L. Town-
send deceased, are hereby completely and fully exonerated,
released anddischarged from the same.
[Approved 15th March, 1844.
7








An ACT supplementary to an act, approved 5th March, 1842, relative to
roads and highways.
[SEC I ] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cil of the Territory of Florida, That when any road shall be
marked out and declared to be a public road agreeable to an
act of the Lgpislative Council, approved the 5th of March
Duty of Com'rs 1842, it shall be the duty of the road Commissioners oftheroad
districts through which a road shall run, to divide said road
into as many road divisions as they may think best for the
public good and convenience, and appoint overseers for the same,
and apportion all, or as many of the hands liable to road duty
in their respective districts under said Overseer or Overseers
as may be sufficient to clear out, and put in good and passable
order the said road, under the same penalties, fines, and for-
feitures as are prescribed by the law now in force.
Sec. 2 Be it further enacted, That the road Commission-
Term of ap. ers, appointed by the county courts under the law now in force,
pointment. be appointed for the term of three years from the date of their
appointment, and in case of the death, removal, or other dis-
qualification of any commissioner or Commissioners the Coun-
ty court shall appoint others in their place.
Sec. 8. Be itfurther enacted, That the said commission-
Overseers ers or a majority of them shall have the power to appoint O-
verseers for any length of time, not exceeding three years.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That the road Commissioners.
Com'rsmay appointed in any district, may at any time change the appor-
change, &c. tionment of hands on any section of road in their district, as to
said Commissioners may be deemed expedient and proper.
[Approved 15th March, 1844.


Appropriations.


An ACT to provide for the compensation of the officers of the Legislative
Council for tie session of 1844, and for other purposes.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cilof the Territory of Florida, That the following sums be, and
they are hereby appropriately for the expenses of the Legisla-
tive Council. for the year 1844, viz:
To Thomas Brown, Secretary ofthe Senate for ser-
vices for seventy-five days in session, and twelve
days to arrange the business of the session at
six dollars per diem, $522 00
To Johi F. Webb, Asst. Secretary of the Senate for
seventy five days. $225 00
To J. M. C. Rowell Foreman of the Senate for se-
venty five davs, $225 00
To Jaies Livingston, Messenger of the Senate, for
seventy.five days, $225 00








To Alfred A. Fisher, Sergeant-at.Arms of the Sen. Appropriations.
ate, for seventy-five days, $225' 00
To Hugh Archer, Secret ,ry of the House of Rep-
resentatives, for seventy-five days in session, and
twelve days to arrange the business of the ses-
sion at six dollars per diem, $522 00
To Samuel J. Perry Asst. Secretary of the House
of Representatives for seventy.five days, $225 00
To W. M. Rowlett, Sergeant at-Armsfor the House
of Representatives, for seventy five days, $225 00
To Thomas G-. Gill, Foreman of the House of Rep.
resentatives for seventy five days, $225 00
To Robert Heir, Messenger of the House of Rep.
resentatives for seventy five days, $225 00
To Joseph Clisby, printer for the Senate, for mis.
cellaneous printing, bills, reports, slips of daily
journals, journalsin pamphlet form, and all other
work done for the Senate, and newspapers furnish-
ed the House and Senate under their order, as
may be certified to by the Secretary of the Senate
and the House of Representatives, $2,986 95
To Samuel S. Sibley, printer for the House of Re-
presentatives, for miscellaneous printing for the
House, bills, reports, slips of daily journals,
journals in pamphlet form, and all other printing
done for the House of Representatives, and for
the newspapers furnished the Senate and House
under their order, as may be certified to by the
Secretary of the House and Senate, $3,468 86
To Cosam E. Bartlett, Editor of the Star, for news-
papers furnished the Senate and House of Rep-
resentatives under their order, and for miscella-
neous printing, for such quantity as shall be cer-
tified to by the Secretaries of both Houses, $171
To Albert R. Alexander, Editor of the New Port
Patriot, for newspapers furnished the House un-
der their order, as may be certified to by the
Secretary of the House, $150
To William Wilson, for stationary and contingencies fur-
nished the Senate and House of Representatives for the pre.
sent session of the Council, amounting to two hundred and
twenty-seven dollars, and eighty-seven cents; also for station.
ary and contingencies Efrnished the last Legislative Council,
and unpaid, amounting to four hundred and ninety-two dollars
and ninety-eight cents-
To Philip A. Hayward for Stationary and contingencies fur-
nished the Senate and House of Representatives for the present
session of the Council, amounting to nine hundred and seven-
teen dollars and twenty.five cents; also, for stationary and








A- proprii contingencies 'tirnishled the last Legislative Concil,. and un-
paid. amounting to nine hundred and sixty six dollars thirty
nine cents. To Alfred: A. Fisher, furnished th' Senate, and
contingent expenses for this session, one hundred and twenty
dollars and thirteen cents. To W. G. Burgess for his account
for candles furnished the Senate, and House, ascertified by the
Sergeant at arms, amounting to one hundred and fifty-two dol-
lars aud fifteeu cents. To Thomas T. Lone, extra services. as
Clerk to the Holse of Representatives, as per resolution of
said House, amounting to two hundred and twenty fi e dollars.
To Reverend Dr. Yeager. for services as Chaplain for the Sen-
ate for sevptty.five days. three hundred dollars. To Reverend
Joshua Phelps, for servioes-as Chapltin for the House of Rep-
resentatives, for seventy five days, three hundred dollars. To
Samuel C. Craft, for extra services as Clerk of the Senate, as
per resolution, one hundred and fifty five dollars. To Thomas
Hodgson, for fire wood furnished the House of Representatives,
thirty-six dollars. To Messrs. Towle & Myers, for stationary
and contingencies furnished the Legislative Council, sixty dol-
lars and ninety cents. To W. M. Rowlett for fire wood fur-
nished the House of Representatives, fifty-nine dollars. To
Messrs. Betton & Meginnis, for their account for stationary
and contingencies furnished the Legislature, one hundred and
five dollars and forty-eight cents. To M. Weinker, his account
for setting up the portraitof Washington, three dollars and fif.
ty cents. To M. N. Cutter, his account for making desks, and
putting up platform for Speaker of the House, thirty five dol-
lars. To Betton & Meginniss, for account for furnishing ex-
penses of the Hon. Richard Burney, deceased, forty-two dol-
lars, seventeen cents. To J L. Demilly, his account for fu-
neral expenses of the late Hon. Richard Burney, fifty dollars.
To J. A. Edmondson, his account for funeral expenses of the
later Hon. Richard Burney, forty dollars. To MeFsrs. Ran-
dolph & Lewis, theiraccount as certified to by the Secretary of
the Territory, five hundred and six dollars, and sixty-three
cents. To H. R. W. Andrews, his account for services in
locating lands for the Territory, twenty dollars.
See. 2. Be itfurther enacted. That the President of the Sen.
ate and' the Speaker of the House of Representatives be allow-
ed double per dicm.
See. 3. Be it further enacted, That the sum of three hun-
dred dollars be, and the same is herebv appropriated for the
purpsi- of distributing the laws and journals of the Territory
of Fiorida, under the direction of the Governor.
See. 4. Be it further enacted, That the Governer be author-
ized to certify the expenses of printing the laws of this session.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That Henry F. Flagg, be al-








lowed for extra services as enrolling and copying Clerk and
for recording proceedings, the s;.m of thirty dollars.
Returned, disapproved, passed by the requisite majorities in both
Houses, 15th March, 1844.



An ACT entitled an act for the benefit of the City Hospital at the City of
Apalachicola Florida.
[SEC. 1,] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil Jf the TerritoryofFlorida That from anl aer ih. pdsy- City Council
of this Act it shall and may be lawful for the Mayir a1i Cit, aL. h-rized to
Council of the city of A palachicola to levy a ta x upon all passed. levy tax.
gers arriving in said city by sea, the fcllowina rates of taxes to
wit: Upon every passenger arriving by sea, coastwise, the sum
of fi'ty cents, and upon all passengers arriving by sea from
any foreign country, the sum of :wo dollars, said funds to be
paid into tne hands of the City Treasurer of said city for the
usrsof the city Hospital of said city and no other.
Sec. 2. Be itfurther enacted. That the Mayor and Council Tom mpte ar
be and they are hereby directed to employ some competien pei son to collect
son to collect the amount of said taxes. same.
Sec. 3. Be itfurther enacted, That it shall be lawful and is
hereby required that the master or masters of all and every Masters of ves.
vessel or vessels, to give uider oath a just and true account sels required to
pes 1. give a t:ue ac.
of the number of passengers arriving in his or their vssl.-countof the
And said master or masters and the vessel or vessels are h.re number of pas-
by declared to be bound for the tax aforesaid, and that the May sengers in their
or upon the refusal of said master to comply with this law vessels.
shall have full power to issue Execution for the amount so due
for the Tax aforesaid.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That the Mayor and Council
are hereby vested with full power to dispose of the fund arising Mayor & coun.
from said Tax for the use and benefit of the said city Hospital cil to dispose of
and none other. fund.
56 [Approved 15th March, 1844.



An ACT to organize a county to be called Marion county.
[SEc. 1-.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Cowa.
cil of the Territory of Florida, That the district of country
bounded as-follows, to wit: beginning on the North bank of the
big Withlacoochee River, at the range line dividing rangelines
seventeen and eighteen, running North, to the Township line
dividing Township lines eleven and twelve, thence East, along BbtmdTi.
said line to Orange Lake, thence down said Lake to Orange'
creek, thence down said creek to its junction with the Oclawa-








ha river, thence down said river to the range line dividing range
lines twenty six and twenty-seven, thence South along said
line, o1 Township line dividing Townships twenty-one and
twen:v-two, thence West. to the head.of the little Withiacoo-
chee river, thence down said river, to its junction with the big
Withlacoochee river, thence down said last mentioned river, to.
the place of beginning, shall constitute a County to be called
Marion Cnuntv.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That for the protection and
o t a administration of justice, in ?the county established by this
officers. it act. the Governor of this Territory be, and is hereby empow-
ered, to appoint such officers as he is, or may hereafter be au-
thorized to appoint, in the different counties in this Territory.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That the legal voters of said
County be, and are hereby authorized, to elect such officers,
Legalvoters to civil and military, as are authorized by law in the several
elect officers. counties of this Territory; and the officers so elected shall
hold their respective offices for the same period, exercise the
same powers, incur the same penalties, and be entitled to the
same compensation and emoluments as are or may hereafter
be provided, for the officers of the same grade within the sev.
eral Countiesof this Territory.
Timef h g Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That the time for holding e-
election. g elections for officers authorized to be elected by the third sec-
tion of this act, shall be designated by the officers of said
County, as provided for by law; and whenever any vacancy
shall occur, the officers aforesaid shall order elections to fill
such vacancies.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That the judge of the County
Terms of Court to be appointed by virtue of this act, shall hold two
Court. terms of his court, beginning on the fourth Monday in March
and on the fourth Monday of October, in each and every year;
which courts, shall be held at Fort King, until a permanent
county site be selected and established.
Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That the voters in said coun-
Com'rs to be ty, who are by law qualified to vote for members of the Leg-
elected. islative Council, shall, al the time of the election held for e-
lecting the different county officers, authorized by the third
section of this act, elect four commissioners, from the extreme
four corners of said county, or as near as practicable; whose
duty it shall be to proceed to select and locate, a permanent
county site, on some unoccupied spot of land, as near as prac
ticable to the centre of said county.
Sec. 7. Be it further enacted, That in case the four commis-
The Com'r to sioners ele-tted in the manner prescribed in the foregoing sec-
choosea fifth tion of this act, should fail to agree upon the location of a per-
person as addi- manent county site, they, the said commissioners, shall have
tional com'r infull power tochoose afifth person, as an additional commis-







case of failure
Sooner and the decision of a majority of said Commissioners to agree on lo-
shall be deemed final. cation.
Sec. 8. Be itfurther enacted, That all suits or actions of
whatever kind, pending in the Superior Courts or County
Courts of Alachua county, against any person or persons resi-
ding within the boundaries of Marion county together with all Suits, papers,
papers and documents of whatever kind connected with such &c., to be de-
suitor suits, action or actions, shall within thirty days after no.livered over.
tice from the Clerk of the Superior Court and County Court of
said county, be delivered over to them respectively, and the
said suits, actions, prosecutions or causes, shall stand upon the
dockets of said Marion county, but no portion of this act is to
be so construed, as to transfer any suit or action that has been
or may be hereafter commenced in the Superior or County
courts of Alachua county, against any person or persons re-
siding within the boundariesof Marion county until such Su-
perior orCounty courts be duly organized and established.
Sec. 9. Be it further enacted, That all laws and parts of
laws, conflicting with the provisions of this act, be, and the
same are hereby repealed and that this act shall be in force
from and after its passage.
[Approved 14th March, 1844



An ACT to fix the time of holding the Superior Courta for the County of
Marion, and for other purposes.
[SEc. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cil of the Territory of Florida, That it shall be the duty ofTermsof court
the Judge of the Superior Court of the Eastern Judicial Dis-
trict to hold two terms of his Court in the County of Marion,
in each and every year,-the first to be holden .on the fourth
Monday in May, and the other term on the.third Monday in Oc.
tober, and thereafter annually.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That all suits pending in the
Superior and County courts of Alachua county against any
person, persons, or corporations, residing in, or incorporated in
the said county of Marion, together with all proper originals Su&it, papers,
or copies of papers, or documents, whether criminal or civil. i.ered to prop-
shall, on application within ten days after notice to that effect er officers.
from the Clerks of the Superior or County Courts, or other of.
ficers of said county of Marion, be delivered over to them res-
pectively ; and the said suits, prosecutions or causes, shall
stand upon the dockets in the courts of the said County of Ma.
rion, as of the term to which they properly belonged, in the
County of Alachua; and the Clerks, Marshals or other officers
of Alachua County, shall not he authorized to have or dpmtnd,
any fees. until the said causes thus removed shall be decided
in the said county of Marion.








Sec. 8. Be it further eMacted, Thit until a county ~ite is se-
lected as provided for by the provisions of an act, entitled, "An
Courts, where Act to organize County to be called Marion county," the
held. courts for said county shall be held, and public offices kept at
Fort King.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That this act shall take effect
from and after its approval.
[Approved 15th March, 1844.



An ACT to alter and change the present County Site of Calhoun County.
[SEc. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor, and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That an election shall be held
Com'rsto be in the county of Calhoun on the first Monday in May next, by
elected. the voters residents of said county who are qualified to vote for
members of the Legislative Council, for the purpose of elec-
ting five commissioners whose duty it shall be, immediately
after the election, to select and locate a permanent County
-Site.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the
Duty of the Clerk of the county court of Calhoun county to transfer all
clerk.
clerk papers and books of Record to the place selected by the com-
missioners provided for in the -first section of this act, so soon
as the said location is made and suitable Buildings erected for
the accommodation of the county court of said county.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of
Duty of Judge.the Judge of the County Court of Calhoun court to give ten
days notice of the said election for five commissioners and to
appoint three Inspectors for each precinct where elections were
last held for members of the Legislative Council, and in fail-
ure of the Judge to give such notice and to appoint such In-
spectors, it shall then be made the duty of the clerk of said
court. And it shall be the duty of said commissioners to open
the polls and conduct the election under the same rules and
regulations as are prescribed by law to the inspectors of elec-
tions for members of the Legislative Council ; but no return of
such election shall be made to the Secretary of the Territory,
but shall be made to the Judge of the county court who shall
immediately notify the commissioners eleet of their election.
Sec. 4. Andbe-it further enacted, That on-the selection of
a location forth county site th. commissioners, shall notify
On selection ofthe Judtre of the coumv -court of such location, and it bshll
such location, be his duty to appoint a special term of the county court, to
take the necessary steps to procure suitable buildings for Ju-
dicial and county purposes and to o to carry into effect the provisions of this act
I[Approved, 15th March, 1844.








An ACTto organize the Jacksonville Guard.
[Sec. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cilof the Territory of Florida, That the uniform Company of Constituted an
Volunteers,in the Town of Jacksonville, known by the name Independent
of the Jacksonville Guards, be, and the same is hereby con-ompany
stituted an Independent Volunteer Company, to be called the
Jacksonville Guards, to be attached to the first Battalion of the
eleventh Regiment of Florida Militia.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the officers at present
commissioned in said corps shall continue in the respective Officers.
grades to which they have been elected and commissioned.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That the number of privates Privats
in said company may be increased to eighty men.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That the said Company may
adopt such rules and regulations as it may deem fit and proper Power.
for the government and discipline of the corps, which rples and
regulations shall be binding on the members : Provided, They rovio.
are not repugnant to any law of the Territory.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That the members of said com-
pany shall be exempt from attendance at any company or beat Members ex-
muster, except such as shall be required.by the by laws of said emnt.
company.
Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That the Governor of the Ter-
ritory be, and he is hereby required to supply such arms and Arms, &e.
accoutrements for said corps as its commanding officer may
apply for: Provided, There be pubjc.a.rms of the kind de-
sired, under his control, disposed of.
Sec. 7. Be it further enacted, That the reports and returns Return, e.
of said company shall be made according to law.
rAiiproved 15th March, 1844.



An ACT to authorize theofficesof Benton. County to officiate at their re.
spective homes.
[SEc. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun,
cil of the Territory of Florida, That the Sheriff and Clerk of the
County Court of the county of Benton be. and they are hereby
authorized and allowed to keep their offices at their respective
homesor places of abode ; but nothing herein contained shall Offices, where
be so construed, as to prevent the Sheriff and Clerk of said kept.
Court, to have all the, papers and books of their respective ffli.
ces at the Court House, duringg the session of the. Courts, or at
any other time when required.
Sec. 2. Be it further.enacted, That all laws and parts of
laws conflicting with the provisions of this act be, and the same Repealing
are hereby repealed ; and this act shall be in force from and clause.
afterits approval. [Approved 15th March, 1844.
8








An ACT to authorie Alexander McAlpin to establih a Perry asero the
Chipola River.
[SEc. 1.1 Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cil of the Territory of Plorida. That Alexander McAlpin be,
and he is hereby authorized to establish, and charged with the
duty of keeping a ferry on the East bank of the Chipola riv.
Ferry, where er, one mile and a half above the lola rail road, at the place
kept. known as Jack's Hammock, for and during the term of five
years, from and after the approval of this act.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the said Alexander Mc-
Alpin, his heirs and assigns, shall, at all times, keep a good and
Rates of sr. sufficient flat, or ferry boat,o-eross loaded wagons and teams ;
riage. and he or they shall receive such rates of ferriage as may be
established from time to time, by the County Court of Calhoun
county, and shall be subject to the orders of said Court.
Sec. 8: Be itfurther enacted, That it shall not be lawful for
Lmits.. any person or persons, to establish or keep a ferry within five
miles of said ferry on said river, unless the same be toll free,
or for hisor 'heir individual use.
S tand ec. 4. Be it further enated. That if the said McAlpin
rihge shall fail to establish said ferry within six months from the ap-
when void. proval of this act, then the rights and privileges granted by this
act to be void
Sec. 5. Fe'it further enacted, That this act shall, at any time,
Subject to a. be subject to the amendment, modification, or repeal of any fu-
mendsent, &.ture Legislature, either as a Territorial or State Government.
[Approved 15th AMarch, 1844.



An ACT for the appointment of Pilotp for the Port of Cedar Keys.
[Sac. 1.] B! it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
ii ofie Territory of Florida, That the Port Wardens ofthe Port
of Cedan Keys, be and they are hereby authorized toappoint one
or more persons to act as pilots for the bar and harbor of the
Pilots. Portof Cedar Keys, and to establish the rates and rules of
pilotage for the same, and to furnish the pilots with a certified
copy of the same.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That if any person who has
Fine. not been regularly appointed a pilot as above directed
shall act as pilot to any vessel, (and actually pilot
it into the harbor of Cedar Keys) and receive compen-
sation for the same, shall be fined in a sum not ex-
ceeding thirty dollars for each and every offence, recovera-
ble before any Justice of the Paace for the county of Alachua
one half to the informant, the balance to revert into the coun-
ty treasury for county purposes.
[Approved, 15th March, 1844.








An ACT to divorce William H. Browss.
[Sec. 1.1 Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cil of the Territory of Florida, That the Marriage Contract
subsisting between the said William H. Browss and Sarah Ann
Browss be, and the same is hereby, dissolved and annulled;
and the said parties are hereby absolutely divorced from the
bonds of Matrimony as fully, absolutely and entirely as if they
the said Wm. H. Browse and Sarah Ann Browss had never
'been married.
[Approved, 15th March, 1844.



An ACT to establish and organize a Mayor's Court for the City of Apa.
lachicola.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coui- .A ,
A Mayor$,
cil of the Territory of Florida, That there shall be organic. Court oran.
zed in the city of Apalachicola, a court of record to be styled zed.
the Mayor's Court ; which shall have full power and author. Power.
ty to try and determine all causes which may arise under the
ordinances of said city, for the purpose of recovering the pen.
alty the ein and thereby imposed tor a violation thereof, and
shall have full power and auth rity to impose such fines and
penalties, and inflict such punishment, as by the by-laws and
ordinances of said city may be directed to be imposed, or inflic-
ted, for the violation of said bv-laws and ordinances.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the Mayor of said city Mayor to be
shall be the Judge of said Court, and shall receive as compen-Judge of said
station for his services as Judge, the sum of three dollars for Court
each and every cause tried before him, the same to be taxed by Compensation.
the Clerk in the bill of costs. And said Judge before entering
upon a discharge of the duties of his said office shall take an
oath or solemn affirmation, before some judicial officer of this
Territory, that he will faithfully discharge the duties of said of.
fice and support the laws of said Terriory.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That in case the said Mayor
from absence or other cause is unable to attend to the duties
as Judge of said Court the Mayor protem of said City shall Mayor protem.
for th, time being be Judge of said Court. and be vested with Judge.
the same powers hereby grantedto said Mayor.
Sec. 4. Be itfurther enacted, That the Clerk of said City
shall be the Clerk of said court. He shall keep fair and reg.
ular minutes of the proceedings of said court which shall be Clerkofsaid
signed by the judge thereof. He shall have full power and court.
authority to issue subpoenas and all other process necessary
and proper, for the conducting and prosecuting suits in said
Court. And he small be entitled tothe same fees which are al.
lowed by law to the Clerks of the County courts of said Ter.
ritory for like services. Compensation.








Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That the Marshal of said city
shall be the ministerial officer of said court. It shall be his
Marshal of saiY duty to execute all summons and other process directed to him
court. by said Clerk, and he shall have the power and authority to ex.
ecute the same as is by law-vested in Sheriff's in said Territo-
Fees. ry. And he shall be entitled to the same fees as are allowed
said Sheriffs for similar services.
Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, Phat before entering upon the
duties of their respective offices the said clerk and marshal
shall take an oath or solemn affirmation before said Judge
Clerk and Mar- faithfully to discharge the duties of their respective offices.-
shal to take an And shall give bond with two good and sufficient securities to
oath. be approved of by said Judge in the sum of Five Hundred
dollars each, conditioned for the faithful performance of the
duties of their said offices. They shall continue in office un-
til their successors are qualified, and upon going out of office
theyshall turn overto their successors all books and papers
belonging to their respective offices, and the -ame remedies
may be had against the.said Clerk, and marshal as are allow-
ed against Clerks and Sheriffs of the County Courts of said
Territory.
Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That no written pleadings
shall be required in any case pending before said Court,
Nowtten but that every suit instituted in said court shall be comment.
pleadinas re- ed by a summons issued by said clerk, in which the names
quired. of the parties, the nature and amount of the debt, and the time
and place at which the defendant is required to appear shall be
fully and distinctly stated. And the service of such sum-
mons as aforesaid shall be perfected by the said marshal de-
livering to the defendant a copy thereof.
Sec. 8. Be it further enacted, That either party shall have
the right to require a Jury to decide upon his or her cause
provided the amount in controversy exceeds the sum of Twen.
AJury may bety dollars: And when a Jury is required as aforesaid it shall
demanded. be the duty of the said Marshal under the direction of said Judge
to summon forthwith, six disinterested persons, residents of said
city, who shall be sworn to try the cause pending between the
parties at variance and a true verdict according to evidence.
And when the Jury shall have returned a verdict in the cause
the said clerkshall enter up judgment thereon agreeable to
said verdict.
Sec. 9. Be it further enacted, That if either p- rty shall be
Appeal. dissatisfied with thejudgment of said Court in any cause tried
therein where the amount in controversy shall exceed twenty
dollars, such party shall before the adjournment of said court
demand an appeal to the county court of Franklin County;
and it shall be the duty of said Judge to grant an appeal upon
the applicants paying all cost and giving bond with good secu-
rity, to be approved of by said Judge, for the eventual cost and








condemnation money. And such appeals shall otherwise be
taken and tried-in the same manner as is now provided by law
for appeals from Justices Courts.
Sec. 10. Be it further enacted, That the said court shall be
held by said Judge i said city, as often as in his opinion the
interest of said city shall require. And the summons issued as
aforesaid shall require the party defendant to appear at such Courts may be
time and place as said Judge shall require, and that upon the held.
service and returnof -aid summons, the said cause shall be
tried; and if said defendant shall fail to appear Judgment
shall be entered up against him by default; but for sufficient
cause shown upon oath by the party the said cause may be
continued not exceeding ten days.
See. 11. Be it further enacted, That in case an appeal is
not taken as hereinbefore provided the said Clerk shall im
mediately after the adjournment of said Court issue Execution Clerk to issue
upon each judgment directed to the said marshal, who shall pro- execution.
ceed to make the amount thereof by levy and sale,at public out.
cry in said city, after givingpublic notice thereof for the space
of ten days. And said Marshal shall have the same authori-
ty to serve summons of Garnishment as is now vested by law
in Sheriff's, and said summons of Garnishment shall be issued,
and the proceeding had thereon shall be the same as is now
provided for by law in the County Courts.
Sec. 1' Be itfurther enacted, That the Jury who may try
any cause in said court, shall be entitled to demand and receive Compenution
before rendering their verdict the sum of one dollar and fifty of Jnry.
cents, which sum shall be paid into the Registry of said
court by the party claiming said Jury trial, previous to said
Jurors being summoned.
Sec. 13. Be it further enacted, That in additionto the pow. Powers and ju
ers hereinbefore granted to thejudge of said Court, he shall have risdiction of
the powers and authority now by law vested-in Justices of the Judge.
Peace for said Territory, but the jurisdiction of said Court
shall be confined to such causes as may arise out of the ordi-
nances of said city.
Sec. 14. Be it further enacted, That whenever said Mayor,
shall have good cause to believe that there has been an infrac-
tion ot the by laws or ordinances of said city the punishment On the infrac-
for which infraction may be fine, imprisonment, or other cor- tionofthe by
porial punishment, said mayor may direct the issuing of a Writ laws or ordi.
to seize the body of the accused, and such" proceedings shall nces of said
thereupon be had, and in such manner as may be. provided fbr
byssaid by-laws and ordinances, and whenever a fine or pecunia.
ry penalty is imposed for a vieoatioe of said bylaws anl ordi.
nuances, the person or persons, convicted may- be imprisoned
until the same is paid, or until such offender is ordered to be
discharged by said mayor or otherwisereleaed by due'course
of law.









Powersof the See. 15. Be iturther enacted, That the mayor and commem
Mayor and city council of said city shall be vested with power to make all
Council. such by laws, and ordinances, rules and regulations as may be
necessary to carry into operation the provisions of this act.
[Approved 15th March 1844.



An ACT to authorize Thomas Livingston to establish a Ferry acr the
Suwannee River.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cil of the Territory of Florda, That Thomas Livingston be,
and he is bereby authorized to establish and keep a Ferry a-
Ferr, cross the Suwannse river in Fractional section, No. 84, Town.
kepty w ship one, Range eleven, South and East, at, or near M. C.
Livingston's Ware House on said river, and that he be allowed
to charge such rates of toll as may from time to time be estab-
lished by the county court of Columbia County.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That all rights and profits
and emoluments of said Ferry be, and they are hereby vested
Charterlimited. in the said Thomas Livingston, his heirs executors administra.
tors and assigns, for the term of ten years: Provided, Heehall
at all times keep a good and sufficient flat or ferry boat to cross
overloaded waggons and teams, and shall comply with the
proso. rules and regulations that may be established by any future
Legislature of 'he state or Territory of Florida
Sec. 3. Be itfarther enacted, That it shall be unlawful for
Limits. any person or persons to keep or establish a ferry or bridge
within two miles of said ferry unless the same be toll free and
for his, her, or their own individual use.
Sec. 4. Be itfurther enacted, That this act shall at any time
Subject to a. be subject to the amendment, modification or repeal of any fu.
amendment, &c. ture Legislative Council.
[Approved, 15th March, 1844.



An ACT to amend an act regulating the rateof interest approved Febru.
ary 12th, 1?33.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative CouL-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That from and after the passage
Rate of ntof this Act, no person or persons shall upon any future con-
tract whatever, take directly or indirectly, for the loan of any
money, wares, or merchandise, bonds, notes or other commodi-
ties whatsoever, above the rate of eight dollars for the loan of
one hundred dollars for one year, and after that rate for a
greater or less sum or for a longer or shorter time, and all
bonds contracts oreovenants, conveyances or assurances here.








after to be made, for payment or delivery of any money, goods,
wares or merchandize to be lent, on which a higher rate of in-
terest is received or taken than is hereby allowed, shall forfeit
the amount of said interest: Provided, That when no rate of Proviso.
interest be expressed, no higher rate than six per cent shall be
charged.
Sec. 2. Be itfurther enacted, Tnat every person who upon
any contract shall take, acceptor receive by way or means
of- any corrupt bargain loan, exchange or shift of any
money, goods, wares, or merchandize or lands, notes or other
things whatsoever above the rate of eight dollars for the for-
bearance or giving day of payment ofS one hundred dollars for Interest, when
one year, and so after that rate or proportion for goods, wares forfeited.
or merchandize, commodities, bonds or notes, when -uch shall
be lent, contracted, agreed for, taken, accepted or received,
shall forfeit or lose for every such an offence, the whole amount
of interest then due, one half for which for the future shall be
paid in the Treasury in the county in which such offence shall
be committed and the other half to him or them who will in-
form and sue for the same to be recovered with cost by action
of debt in any court of Record in this Territory : Provided,
If the borrowershould be the informeras aforesaid, then, and
in that case the whole amount thus received shall be paid into
the Treasury for the use of the county,
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That all judgments which may Judgments.
be obtained after.the passage of this law, shall bear interest at
the rate of six per centum per annum, and no more.
Sec. 4. Be itfurther enacted, That the-firstand second sec- Repealing
tions of an act regulating interest, approved 12th February clause.
1833 be and the same are hereby repealed.
[Approved 15th March, 1844.



An ACT to amend the Execution Laws.
[Sec. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That lands and tenements,. Propertysub.
goods and chattels, shall be subject to the payment of debts, Ajt"eecu-
and shall be liable to be taken in execution and sold.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That writs of feri facias shall
be made returnable when satisfied, and the officer to whom the
same is directed, shall proceed to collect the amount of all ex-
eoutions, coming into his hands by the next succeeding term of Writs of feri
the Court, after the receipt of such execution, if the same can facias made re-
be done consistently with the provisions of this act: and shall turnable.
on the first day of every succeeding term of the Court, after
the receipt of the execution, make a return of his doings there-
on, in a book to be kept in the Clerk's office of their respective
Courts, and all receipts shall also be endorsed on the execution.








Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That sales of property under
execution or other process, shall not be made except in the
Sales of proper- months of December, January, Februaty, and March : Provi-
ty when to beded, The defendant or defendants in execution, or other pro-
made. cess, will before the sale, enter into good and sufficient securi-
ty, payable to the plaintiff, to be approved by the proper offi-
cer in a sum double the value of the property replevied, which
value shall be mixed by the officer holding the execution, con.
ditioned for the forthcoming of the property replevied on a day
of sale to be designated in said bond.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That should the parties to said
bond fail to produce saidproperty, and also fail to pay said ex.
On forfeiture execution by the day specified, said bond shall be returned to
of bond. the Clerk's office, from which the same issued, as forfeited, and
execution shall issue forthwith as well against the securities
for the value of the property replevied, as against the princi-
pal for the debt, or if the value of the property exceed the
amount of the execution, then, for the amount of the execution.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That all sales shall take
Sales to take place on the first Monday of the month, and should the prop-
place. erty levied on, not be replevied, the same may be sold on the
first Monday in any month after legal advertisement.
Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That the Court before which
an execution is returnable, or the Judge in vacation, may, on
application and notice to the adverse party, for good cause, up.
To stay execu. on such terms as the Court may impose, direct a stay of the
tion. same, and the suspension of proceedings thereon, until the first
term of the Court thereafter, or until a decision can be had on
the same.
Sec. 7. Be it further enacted, That where there are execu-
Duty of Marsh. tions against principals and securities, or an execution against
al incertain ca.a principal and security, or securities, it shall be the duty of
see. the Marshal or other officer to make the money out of the pro-
perty of the principal, unless he be insolvent, or has no proper-
ty, in which case the execution may proceed against the pro-
perty of the securities.
Sec. 8 Be it further enacted, That the plaintiff shall be en-
'heplai.ntif titled to his execution at any time within three years after the
entitled to exe-rendition of any judgment or decree, and upon the issue of his
caution. execution, shall be entitled to renew the same, upon the return
to the Clerk's office, of the'original execution from timeto time,
for twenty years, unless the same be sooner satisfied. And all
laws, inconsistent with this act, be, and the same are hereby
repealed. [Approved 15th March, 1844.


An ACT to divorce Martha Conner.
WHEREAS, it has been stated to this Legislative Clouncil that








James Conner, formerly of Leon ebunty, in the Territory 6f
Florida, has for many years past, abandoned his wife, Martha
Conner; and has wholly failed to provide mreansof support for
her ; and it is further represented, that said Martha Conner is
wholly unable to defray the expenses of a suit in Chancery, to
obtain a divorce ; and whereas, the said Martha Conner has
petitioned this Legislative Council to be divorced from hei afore.
said husband: therefore, for the relief of the aforesaid Martha
Conner :
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cilof the Territory of Florida, That the marriage contract, sub.
sisting between the said James Conner and Martha Conner, be,
and the same is hereby dissolved and annulled, and the said
parties are hereby absolutely divorced fOt'oni the botds of mrat~
rimony, as fully, absolutely, and entirely, as if they, the said
James and Martha had never been married.
[Approved I St MarcK, 1844.



An ACT to empower Maria F. Garey, admianittixofJbai Y. Onvy to
sell certain Town lots in the Town of Monticello.
[Sac I ]i Be ik enacted, by the Governor and Legislatier Couw
cilofthe Territor of Florida, That Mario F. Garey, widow and
administratrix of the estate of John Y. Garey, deceased be, anb May sell the
is hereby authorized and ertfpowered tosell dnd dispose of the propertyof her.
estate of her deceased' husband,or so much thereof as may be band hu. s
in Jeffersonrcounty, under the same rules, regulations, restric-
tionsnand conditions, asif the same wore sold under a decree of
Couwet in that behalf [Approved 15tIh Marfe, 1844.



A* Atrid ta'himoen pafticularly the boudti( d liels et Coltdin~a atd
DUval CoAntier.
[Se '. e. f"t 6ei.aMtd by the Otiiernor arid tiegsatfiie Coun-
eil'of thl Teritbjiff Fl fidd. That ftofti and after 'he pas'sag
of this- att, the Eastern boindhry lide of Colbiimia county
shall be as follows, viz: Beginning gif th rdio~tii' of' r6i Boundarylines.
Creek on S1. Mlry's-ri vr, running up said creek to where
the Jacksonville road crosses at Pagits, thence along the
old Alachua trail to Mrs. MNmwe's place on the road from
Black Creek to Fort Harlee, thence alone said road west to Al.
ligator Creek, thence down said Creek to Sampson river pond,
thenee.along,said iond to Sampson' River, and downrsai friv.
er to Santa Fee, the present boundary line.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted. That the western boundary line
df-ivaloounty, alia be the Eastem boundary linerofColum.
9








bia county, or so much of said line as lies south of Nassau
The Northerncounty, and North of Mrs. Munroe's place, and that from said
boundary e place, the dividing line of Duval and Alachua counties. shall
Eastern b'ndrv be a line running due south from Mrs. Munroe's place to the St.
of Columbia. Augustine (Bellamy's) road, thence down said road to Picolata,
and thence along tht present boundary of Duval county.
See. 8. Be it further enacted, That all laws and parts of laws,
inconsistent with this act, be, and the same are hereby repealed.
[Approved, 15th March, 1844.



An ACT to regulate the taking of testimony in chanceryproceedings, and
for other purposes.
(SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cilof the Territory of Florida, That when a cause in chancery is
Teetimonyma at issue, or when by the rules of practice the parties, or either
betakenin open ,
Court or beforeo them may proceed to take testimony; the testimony may be
the Judgeinva- taken orally in open court, or before the Judge thereof, in va-
cation, cation, upon motion of either party, on order duly made for that
purpose; or the court may in its discretion appoint an exam-
iner to take the testimony, who may take the same orally, or
upon written interrogatories and cross interrogatories, in such
manner as is, or may be prescribed by the rules of practice in
said court.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That no appeal from any or-
der, judgment or decree of any court of chancery, probate or
No appeal toother court in this Territory, appointing or removing execu.
operate asa su. tors, administrators or other personal representative, or affirm-
percedeas, &c. ing such order, judgment or decree shall operate as a superoe-
deas, or have the effect of placing or keeping the estate of any
deceased person in the possession of the party appealing, un-
less such party enter into bond with sufficient security to be
approved -by the Judge of the Court, payable to the Governor
of the Territory for the benefit of all concerned, in a sum at
least equal to the value of such estate, conditioned for the pay-
ment of all costs and damages that may accrue to all persons
whatsoever, by reason of such appeal, if the same should not
be prosecuted with success.
[Approved 15th March, 1844.



An ACT for the relief of John Burgdoff.
(SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governorand Legislative Coun-
cilof the Territory of Florida, That the Territorial Treasurer,
be. and he is hereby required to pay to the said John Burgdoff,
the sum of -thirtyseix 13.100 dollars, theamount of his bill for








work, as set forth in his said petition, out of any money in the
Treasury, not otherwise appropriated, upon presentation of said
bill and a copy of this act.
[Approved 15th March, 1844.



An ACT entitled an act to provide for the establishing of a public School
in the county of Franklin.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cilof the Territory of Florida, That the county court of the
county of Franklin, be authorized to establish a public free
school in said county, for the education in rudimental branches,
of the poor children of said county, and to levy and raise a tax
therefore, and to build a school house, and purchase books for
such school and in aid of such object, the Territorial tax on
Banks and Bank agencies in said county, shall be paid to, and
exclusively appropriated by said court therefore.
[Approved 15th March, 1844.



An ACT to authorize William Pennington to establish a Ferry on the With-
lacoochee River.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cil of the Territory of Florida, That William Pennington be,
and he is hereby authorized to establish, and charged with the Ferry, where
du y of keeping a ferry on the Withlacoochee river, in Hernan- kept.
docounty, at Fort Clinch, for, and d u ing the term of ten years
from the passage of this act.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the said William Pen.
nington, his heirs and assigns, shall at all times keep a good A good and suf.
and sufficient flat or ferry boat at said ferry to cross a loaded ficientflat to be
wagon and team, and he or they shall receive such rates of fer kept.
riage, as may be established from time to time, by the county
Court of Hernando county, and be subject to the orders of said
Court.
See. 3. Be it further enacted, That if the said William Pen. If not establish.
nington shall fail to establish a ferry within fifteen months from ed, &c.
the passage of this act, then the rights and privileges granted by
this act are to be void.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That it shall not be lawtul Nootherperson
for any other person or persons to establish a ferry within four to establish a
miles by water of the said location, unless for his or their use, ferry, 4c.
and not for taking toll.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That this act shall, at any time
hereafter be subject to be amended, modified or repealed by any
future Legislature of the Territory of Florida.
[Approved 15th March, 1844.








An ACT to iathoasm William ink to keep a Ferry acrow the SVwmmee
River.
[SEc. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cil of tke Territory of Forida, That William Frink, be, and
Ferry, where he is hereby authorized to keep a ferry across the Suwannee
kept. river, at a place know as Blount's ferry, and charged with
keeping the same, for and during the term of five years from
oad after the passage of this act.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the said William Frink,
A good and uf his heirs, executore nd assigns, shall at all times keep a good
ficient flat. and sufioient- at or ferry boat to cross a loaded wagon and team,
sad he or they shall receive such rates of feriage as is or may
hermefter Ie established by the County Court of Columbia
county ad shall be subject to the orders of said court.
No Se. 8. Be it further enacted That it shall oet be lawful for
onto estbsSanyperson or persons to establish or keep % ferry within five
&c. 'five miles of said ferry, either above or below, on said river,
except it be for his, her, or their own use, and not for the pur-
pose of taking toll.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That this act shall at any time
be subject to the amendment, modification or repeal of any fu-
ture Legislature of the State or Territory of Florida.
[Approved, 15th March, 1844.





An ACT to repeal an act establishing a tariff of fees, passed 10th March,
1843, and for other purposes.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by tke Governr and Legislative Coun.
cil of the Terratory of Florida, That on all sums of money,
collected under execution or other legal process, by any Mar-
shal, Sheriff, or other oeicer of this Territory, there shall be
Rates of co allowed the following commissions to wit : On the first three
mission allow hundred dollars, where there is an actual sale, the sum of four
ed. per cent, and on the first three hundred dollars of all sums col.
elected without sale, three per cent; on all sums actually col-
lected and received, exceeding three hundred dollars, and less
than two thousand dollars, two and an half per cent; and when
collected without sale, two per cent ; on all sums exceeding
two thousand dollars, actually collected and received from
sales, one and an half per cent; and on all sums actually col-
lected and received, exceeding said sum of two thousand dol-
lars, when there is no sale one per cent.
See. 2. And be it further enacted, That all laws inconsistent
with the provisions of this act, be, and the same are hereby re-
pealed. [Approved 15th March, 1844.








An ACT t provide for thp Holding of an additional Term of the Snperior
Courts in the Eastern District.
[Sec. 1.} Be it enacted by the Governor, and Legislative Couer
ei of the Territory of Florida, That a Termt of the Superior A term to be
Court of the Eastern District shall be holden at the village ofheld at thevil.
Tampa for the county of Hillsborough. And that hereafterlageof Tampa.
all suits and actions arising within the county, or against per.
sons residing therein, and all indictments for offences commit-
ted within the counties aforesaid shall be brought, commen-
ced, prosecuted and tried at the term of the Court to be held
at the village of Tarpa, in and for the County aforesaid.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That as soon as the court
is organized in the county aforesaid by the appointment of a
Clerk, and otherwise, and notice thereof, given by the Judge As soon as the
of the Distriot, it shall be the duty of theClerkof the saidcourt court is organ.
at Newnansville to transfer and deliver over to the Clerk of zed, &c.
the said court for the County of Hillsborough all the papers
and documents relating to or connected withany suit or action
now pending in said court against any person or persons resi.
ding in the said county of Hillsborough and. such suits, or ac.
tions, shall then, be considered as transferred to the Superior
Court to be held in and for these Counties, and shallU stand for
trial on the docketof the Court to be held at the village -of
Tampa aforesaid after the said Court is duly organized and ee,
tablished.
See. 8. Be iS fiite enacted, That a term of said superior
Court shall be held annually at the villageof Tampa afore.
said,oa the fist Monday after the fourth Monday of May.
[Approved 15th March, 1844.



A~ AOT tr amed an sotieBorPje ting thw eitJ- ~ Apa4chicola, appro-
ved2d February.1$8.
[Sac. 1.1 Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislatipe Coun
il of the Territory of Florida, That the second section of the
act, to which this is an amendment, be, and the same is here%
by repealed.
Sec. 2. Be itfwuther enacted, That the government of said
eity of Apalachicola shall be vested in a Mayor and cota-
cil, to consist of a Mayor and eight councilmen, who
shall have power to abate and remove nuisances; to li- Powers of the
conse and regulate retailers of goods and spirituous li. Mayor and
quaor, taverns, theatrical and other public, amusements; to CounclW
prohibit gaming, to regulate, erect, and keep wharves, to
appoint wharfingers and harbor masters, and prescribetheir
duties, to regulate anchorage, quarantine, and. the rates of
wharfage, to tax and license pedlars and hawkers, to restrain
and prohibit tippling and disorderly, houses and,. Lotterien.T








(They shall also have power to assess and levy taxes onpefr
sons andi prop.rlVy. real, personal, and mixed, within said cor.
pora.ion:) They shall have power to make- contracts which
shall be binding on said corporation; to borrow money when
sanctioned iv said Mayor and two thirds of said council. And
generally, the said mayor and council shall have power to pass
all such by laws and ordinances as may, in their opinion, be
necessary for the welfare, interest, regulation, and govern.
ment of said city, and not repugnant to the laws of this Terri.
tory. And for the purpose of carrying into effect the specific
andi general powers hereby granted, the said Mayor and Coun.
cil shail have'pwer toimpose such fines and penalties for the
violation of their by-laws and ordinances, as in their opinion
are prope.r and necessary.
Sec. 3 Be it further enacted, That as arn additional qual-
Qualifcation ification for voters for said Mayor and councilmen, it shall be
for voters. requisite that such voters, shall have paid all taxes due by
them, to said citv,and in all cases it shall be the duty of the
Inspectors of said election, to requireof such voter satisfactory
proof of such payment, before the vote is received.
Sec 4. Be it further enacted, That the collector of taxes
Collectoroftax. for siid city shall, under the control and direction of said may-
s. or and council be vested with the same powers as are now giv.
en by law to collectors of taxes, for said Territory.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That the jurisdiction of said
Mayor and Council shall hereafter be extended so as to in-
clude the Bay of Apalachicola. and St. Georges' Sound.
[Approved, 15th March, 1844.



An ACT to provide for improvements made on public lands.
[Sec. 1.] Be at enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
Improvements cil of the Territory of Florida. That from and after the pas-
tobepaidfor. sage of this act, when any lands belonging to the United States,
in this Territory shall be entered, upon which improvements
may have been made before the same was entered, and the per-
son or persons making such improvements are in possession at
the time of entering the same, that the person or persons en-
tering the same shall not obtain possession thereof, until after
the payment of the appraised value of the improvements there.
-on, as hereinafter stated.
A Justice of the Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That
Peace may as when any lands shall or may be entered, upon which improve.
seesthevalueof ments are, or have been made as aforesaid, that the person or
thenimproe- persons in possession, who have made or caused to be made
such improvements, shall apply to any justice of the peace, in
the county in which he, she, or they may reside, and state in
writing the nature and extent of such improvements, and there-








upon the said Justice of the. Peace shall forthwith order the
Stneriff of such county, or any other lawful officer thereof, to
summon six free-holders of said county to meet at the premi.
ses within three days from the date of such summous, who shall
by :said Justice of the Peace be sworn to assess the value
of improvements, and the verdict of said free-holders when so
rendered, shall be final and conclusive between the parties, and
the person or persons entering said land shall not be permitted,
either at law or equity, to take possession of said lands, until
the amountof said verdict, and all costs shall have been paid.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That the said law shall be
confined in its application to those lands which have already
been offered for sale.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That this law shall be in force
from and after its approval by Congress.
[Approved 15th March, 1844.



An ACT to change the time ot holding the County Court of Walton
County.
[SEC. 1,] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cil ofthe Territory of Florida, That the Spring term of the County
Court of Walton county, shall hereafter be held on the second
Monday in March; and the Fall term of said Court shall be
held on the fourth Monday in October, in each and every year.
Sec. 2. And be itfurther enacted, That this act shall go into
operation, from and after the first day of May next.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all laws in relation
to this subject heretofore passed, be, and they are hereby re-
pealed. [Approved 15tk Mfarch, 1844.



AnACT to Incorporats the Inhabitants of the different Townships of this
Territory, for the institution and establishment of common schools.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cil of the Territory of Florida, That so soon as there are ten
electors, in any township, or fractional township, which by law Eleto
is entitled to a section or fractional section, for school purposesTownshipmay
the said electorsare hereby authorized to elect three trustees,elect Trustees
and one treasurer, for the purpose of taking into their care the &c.
sections above described, and who shall be a body corporate by
the name of the trustees of the sixteenth section, in their said
township, and shall be capable of suing and being sued, and
possessing all the powers necessary for the purposes hereinafter
specified : Provided, That no person residing in. or holding a
lease, on any of.the before described sections, shall be eligible
to the office of trustee or treasyer afbresatid.








Sec. 2. Bei further enacted, That when the inhabitants of
any surveyed or fractional township, shall make it appear to the
Mode of elec- satisfaction of the Judge of the county court, or the Commission.
tion. ers of the county, that there are ten eleclors inhabiting such
township, the Commissioners or Judge of the county Court, shall,
within five days. cause a written notice to be put up in three of
the most noted places in the township, requiring an election to
be held therein, for the purpose of electing three Trustees, and
one Treasurer, to perform all the duties pointed out by this act,
giving fifteen days notice of the time and place of holding such
election, which shall be held as near the centre of the town.
ship, as circumstances will admit of; and the electors of such
township, shall, at such time and place, assemble# and then and
there elect township odicers ; and the officers so elected shall
hold their offices until the next annual township election, and
until their successors are elected and qualified.
See. 3. Be it further enacted, That on the first Monday of
April annually, the electors in each and every township shall
Elections and assemble at such place, in their respective townships as may
Judges of elec. be appointed by the trustees thereof, (or by the advertisement
tions, of commissioners, in case of newly set off townships,) for the
purpose of electing their township officers, and the electors
when so assembled, to the number of ten or more, between the
hours of eight and twelve, before noon, shall proceed to choose
Viva Voce, three persons havingthe qualificationsof electors,
judges of the election, and two persons of like qualifications,
to serve as clerks, but in townships, in which officers have been
chosen the preceding year, the trustees shall serve as judges,
and the clerk and such other person as the judges may appoint
shall serve as clerks of the election to be holden, and if either
of the trustees or clerk shall fail to attend the place of such
trustees or clerk shall be filled by the electors Viva Voce, as
aforesaid.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That previous to receiving votes,
Oaths taken bythe judges and clerks, except they be trustees, or clerk of the
the Judges, &c. Towrship, shall take an oath or affirmation, faithfully to dis-
charge the duties of their respective offices, according to law,
and'to the best of their ability, and that they will endeavor to
prevent any fraud, dbeRit, or abuse whatever. inconducting the
same.
Sec. 5. Be itfurther enacted, Tha the trustees and treasu-
Trustees sha rer shall hold'their offices for three ears, except as hereinafter
hold theiroffice. provided ; aridare hereby authorized and empowered to doso,
and perform all such duties as now are, or may be required of
them by law
Sec. 6. Be if further enacted, That the trustees and treasu-
In case the rer shall holN their offi ,s for three years, except iHat the trus,
Trustees do nottees first elected in the township shall hold' their office for the
order an clec..-.
tion. term of one. two; and three years, tobiety them decersditied b
lot at their first session.








Sec. 7. Be itfurther enacted. That-ia cMsoef a'failue of, oa
refusal by, the trustees or commissioners, or Judge of the count :
ty Court, to give notice of an election, as.-oresgid, it shallthen In case the
become the duty of any elector inhabiting such township atlany trustees. do not
time thereafter, to advertise an election thereon for the purpose r an ele
aforesaid, whichnotice.shall be given-in thew-same manner and:
the elections conducted under the same regulations as directed
in this act,
Sec. 8. Be it further enacted, That. when a vacancy shall
happening the officeof trustee or treasareie the trustees shall Vacancies how
fill such vacancy, and the persons thus chosen, shall continue filled.
in office until the next annual election, when the officer elected,
shall hold for the unoccupied time of the person, whose place.
he was selected to fill.
Sec. 9. Be it further enaced, That the trustees shall lease:Trustees may
out said section or sections : Provided; That a reasonable rent-lease out school
can be obtained for the same, after giving at least thirty days sections.
notice by advertisement, set up in fourof the most public places~
in the county, one of which shall be in the township, mention-
ing the time and place when the proposals-shall be received,.and
when they will meet to execute the leases, always- giving pre-
ferenceto those, who, in their opinion~make, the most ad-vanta-
geous proposals.
See, 10. Be zufurther enacted, That the lessees shall enter
into bond, with good security to be' approved by-thb Trustees foaresee to give
the faithful performance of his. lease: andsaid lesseeeshall bei bia.
bound not to waste or destroy the-trees ortimbery, further than
is necessary for improving thereon; and tb make such improve.
ments as the conditions of the lease ahallirequire, and the trus-
tees shall examine the premises and see that- they are left in
good repair, and that the lease has been punctually complied
with.
Sec. 11. Be it further enacted, That all unimproved lots of
school lands maybe leased, for any term no exceeding four Unimproved
years, for making such improvements on-the same as the trus.lands may be
tees may think.advisable, and all improved lots maybe leased leased four
for any term'not exceeding three years, the, rent of which shall years.
be paid in money, on-the first Monday in Decetnmer, annually;
Ptiovided, That until the ratification of- tbisact, by Congress,
leases-of the lands! afresaid, shall, be only from, year to year
prescribed by the laws bow in fodee.
See. 12. Be it further enacted; That the said trustees-shall Renti tob~
apply the rents:and proflita of said lands to the special pur- applied "to us
bose for which it was intended, for th@ use of schools im said ofchobhe. '"
township, which rents shall be collected, by the treasurer, who
shall.not-pay out. any money, receivedd ,but n. the order of
the trustees ; and the, trbiurer shall kedp ablook with fair and
acourite entries of all monies;receivedi together with a hlstof
diabsbremeat,.aad caefultiy file the: veauher:-relatiang there
10








to, which books Atdpapers shall at all times be subject to the
inspection of the trustees.
Sec. 13. Be it frtherenacted, That it shall be the duty of the
'twutees to said trustees of every township, when there is any money ac-
meet, 4.c. cruing from rent of school lands, to meet at least once in each
year at such place as they may agree upon, and appropriate
the money.
Sec. 14. Beit further enacted, That all rents arising from
On failed of any of the said lands, shall be paid by the losses thereof to the
payment. treasurer as they become due, and on failure of the payment,
or non-compliance with the conditions of the lease, the treasu-
rer shall, when so directed by the trustees, bring a suit in the
name of the trustees, and may distrain therefore, and if goods
and chattels cannot be found, whereby distress can be made,
the trustees are hereby authorized to re-enter upon the land of
the delinquent, and sell his or her right or title in such lease,
to satisfy such rent, damages and costs, on giving twenty days
previous notice of the time and place of sale by advertisement
in three public places in the county ; one of which, shall be
in the township, subjecting the purchaser to the conditions con-
tained in the case of the delinquent; and in case the lease sell
for more than the rent, damages and costs, the surplus shall
be paid over to the trustees, for the use of the township.
Sec. 15. Be it further enacted, That the inhabitants of two
or more townships in a county, may, with the consent of a ma-
Townshipeay joritv thereof, convened together at a place to be appointed by
ciatbe hd the commissioners, or trustees, elect trustees and a treasurer,
in C on-eo as aforesaid ; or, the inhabitants of other townships, may, upon
the written application of a majority of such townships, attach
themselves to a township legally organized, by the assent of
iuch township, and such'union shall entitle the parties so form.
ed intoassociation, to all the privileges and advantages there-
of, and the land shall be held in common, and the rents there-
of be divided for the common benefit, and the officers elected
under such joint arrangement, shall have the same rights, pow-
ers and capacities over the joint funds and land, as may be, or
is possessed by them, in their several townships, and notices for
election shall be given in all the townships.
Sec. 16. Be it further enacted, That -aid trustees shall take
Trustees shallpossession and control of leases, made during the present and
take poaeeionPast years, of land, within their townships, and through their
and control oftreasurer receive payment therefore, and may discharge the
lease made the same on payment thereof, and if necessary, use the name of
prnesetandpast he Sheriff, or other officer, to enforce payment thereof. and
years may sue for rents due for the past use of said lands, and for
trespass or injury thereof, or to recover possession thereof.
Sec. 17. And be it further enacted, That if any person or
Penalty for re-persons shall detain from the trustees. aforesaid, or. refuse to
using. deliver possession of AJe aiueenthaecti~s which they are en-








titled to the charge of, he or she shall be liable to be indicted,
and on conviction, shall be fined in a sum not exceeding two
thousand dollars. [Approved 15th March, 1844.



An ACT for the relief of Buckingham Smith.
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cilof the Territoryof Florida, That the auditor of the Teiri.
tory be, and he is hereby directed to issue a certificate to Buck.
ingham Smith for the sum of one hundred and thirty-three
33-100, dollars, that being the amount due said Smith for two
months services as private secretary to Governor Reid, begin.
ning on the 15th December, 1839, and ending on the 15th
February 1840 and that the Treasury be requested to pay the
same.
[Approved 15th March, 1844.



An ACT relative to Roads and Highways in Nassau county.
[SaE. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territoryof Florida, That from and after the pas Theinhabitants
sage of this act, the inhabitants of Nassau county, who by not required to
law are made liable to road labor, shall in no case be required pefor thomd
to perform said labor out of their respective road districts, or respective road
be called more than fifteen miles from their place of resi- districts.
dence.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the inhabitants of A.
melia Island, liable as aforesaid, be and they are hereby au Amelia Island
thorized to perform one half of such road labor, as by law
may be required of them, in working the roads on said Is-
land.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That every person other than
an overseer of any road district, may commute the whole, or May commute
any part of his road labor by paying to the overseer of his divis- road labor.
ion, within three days after he shall be named to appear and
work on the road, at the rate of fifty cents for each day's la-
bor he may be liable for.
Sec. 4. Be itfurther enacted, That all forfeitures incurred Monies collect.
by the delinquency of any person subject to road duty, and all ed how to be
commutation moneycollected, shall be laid out, and expended in expended.
hiring hands to work on the roads in the district in which such
money, shall be recovered, or in otherwise repairing and im-
proving the same under the direction of the commissioner of
said district.
Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That if any person liable to
work upon roads shall fail to perform such labor, or neglect to








On failure to pay the-oew.mutation money within the ihree days above speed.
perform road ffied he shall be liable-to the p,-naltiesandforfeitures provided
labor, &c. by.the oki n ifnre at (he passage of this act.
Duty of Over. Sec. 6. Be it further enacted. That the overseers of the sev-
seers. eral divisions of the districts-ha Ilaccount to the commission-
ers of said district for all monies-by them received under the
provisions ofthiys act, at the first meeting- of said commission-
ers after the money sball hve been paid tb said overseers.
Se 7. Be it further enacted, That whenever any hands
Onfaiureoftheeshallbe sbmrtaned to appear and work on the roads, at any
overseer to at plce specified thereof, and the said persons or handsso summon.
ed, shall find nooverseer to superinterid the working ofsaid roads,
ti, n, in that case, the said hands, after a reasonabledelay to as.
pertain if said overseer will attend, shall be ,allowed to return
home and be disclrg9d !from .ny further road duty for the
term specified in saidsumrions.
Overseers to Sec. 8. Be.it further.eacted, That whenever any overseer
forfeit and pay. shall fail'or neglect to attend in person, or by agent, at the time
and place specified for the assembling of hands for road duty,
he shall forfeit and pay to tie -c nmissioners of his district,
fifty cents per day for each, and every day's labor lost to said
district in consequence of sudh non-attendance, which h money
shallbe ex'pendd as provided in section fourth of.this act.
Sec. a, Be it further enacted, That nothing herein, shall be
consrnued toeaxempt any overseer, -commissioner, or .other ofi-
Clnetrutineofcerlfrom aaypenaltyor forfeiture provided by the road laws
act. now in force in-this Territory, for neglect of duty, or malprac.
twice in office. ,
Sec. 10. Be it further enacted, That all penalties, and- for-
Penalties, &.feities incurred under the road laws, maybe recovered be-
how rerd fore any:Justice of the'Peaoe ins said-ounty in the name of the
commissioners for the district in which the cause of such pen-
alty or fortiture shall arise.
Sec. 11. Be it further enacted, That so much of the law now
Repealing tn force in this Territory, in relation to Roads, Highways and
slanse. Ferries as conflict with this act, shall be inoperative within the
limits of Nassau county.
[Approved 14th March, 1844



,An ACT in relation to& administering oaths.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted hybt he Goveror qnd 'Legilative~ Coun-
cilofhe.Territory of Florida, That Judges and Clerks of the
Superior Courts, Judges and Clerks of County Courts, Justi-
ces of the 'Peace, and Notaries Public, be and they are hereby
authorized and.empowered to administeroaths in all cases in
which by law oaths are required to be ,administered.
provedd 15th March, 1844.








An ACT to authorize the clerk of St. John's county to refund certain Tak.
es by him collected under a law entitled an act to suspend the operation
of the revenue laws for the year 1840, and to provide for the settlement
of all arrears due to and from the Territory of Florida approved 2d' of
March, 1840.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun-
cil of the Territory of Florida, That the Clerk of St. John's
county, be, and he is hereby required and directed to refund so
muchlof the Tax by him collected under the above recited act,
as remains unexpended in his hands; to the persons from
whom the same may have been collected.
[Approved 15th March, 1844.



An ACT to'divorce Francis Dttmmett.
WHEREAS, it has been stated to this Legislative Council, that
Duglas Dummett of St. John's county, in the Territory of ';:or.
ida, has for many years past abandoned his wife Frances Dum.
rmett and has wholly failed to provide means of support for her
and her child, and whereas, the said Frances tummett has pe-
titioned this Legislative council to be divorced.from her afore-
said husband Dualas Durinmett: Therefore for the relief of
the aforesaid Frances Dammett,
[SEC. 1 .e it. eacted'by te Governor aed Leguslatie Cot.
cil of ihe Territory of Florida, That the marriage contract
subsisting between the said Dugl'as Dummett and Frances
Dummett, be and the same isherbby dissolved and annulled
and the said parties are.hereby, absolutely divorced from the
bonds of rhatiinony, as fullv, absolutely and entirely as if
thby, the said Duglas aind F.ances had never been married.
[Appr i ed, r5th-Mareh, 18a4.



An ACT to authorize Platt and others to build a bridge across Suwannee
River.
[SEC. 1.j Be it enacted by the Governor and Legiyative Coun-
cil of the Tr. t ry f FPtbrida, hat Joseph'.' Wa t, "Pancis Allowed to
Jones, DavidPlitt, Eioch Hall,: A. Vann and oud &,ds d build atoll
ler, or as many of them as shall form a company, be; ad they bridge.
are hereby authorized to'esitabla arid keep a Toll Bfidger a-
cross the Stiwinnee Rhvei. at thejunctioft of sidF Rrver 'a-s*
the Withiacoochee, on or niear tqw*tihip ; ote, range elevent
south and eastwhere the town ot Ctf m!h ~itih edMarij
they are- ftittherha hbofihe'dt-de nnect said bridge with that
point of Hamilton county, which projects out between the two
rivers, if they think proper, and they shall be allowed to








charge such rates of toll as may be from time to time estab.
wished by the county court of Columbia county.
Sec. 2. Be itfurther enacted, That all the rights and priv-
Profits and e. iloges, profits and emoluments of said Bridge, be, and they
mo!ur;ots ve,-are hereby vested in the said Joseph B. Watts, Francis Jones,
ted, &c. David Platt, Enoch Hall, A. and Vann, Loud & Sadler, or
as many of them as shall form said company, their hiers, ex.
ecufors, administrators and assigns, for the term of ten years
f:om and after the passage of this act, provided they shall
keep said Bridge in proper repair.so as a loaded wagon and
team can at all times pass without danger.
Sec. S. Be it further enacted, That the privileges now
granted to David Platt by charter for Territory, approved Feb.
The privile. 8th, 1839, be continued until said Bridge shall be completed,
ges granted #.and should the Bridge after its erection be destroyed by fresh.
ets or any other way, the privileges granted in said charter shall
be again revived.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That it shall be unlawful for
It hall be unany person to establish and keep a ferry or Toll Bridge within
lawful, 4c. two miles of said bridge, unless the same be toll free, and for
his, her or their own individual use.
Subject to a. Sec. 5. Be itfurther enacted, That this act shall at all. times
amendment and be subject to be amended or repealed by any future Legislature
repeal. of Florida.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That if the work of buil.
fofeit when ding the said bridge as described and allowed by the provis.
S ions of this act shall not be commenced within six months and
completed within two years from and after the passage and ap.
proval of this act, then, and in that case, all the rights granted
in this charter, shall be forfeited : And Providedfurther, That
Proviso. said bridge shall be so constructed as not to obstruct the navi.
gation of the said river above said Bridge.
(Approved, lith March, 1844.





An ACT to eempt cotton sold at Auction from Auction Tax.
[SEC. 1.] Be it enacted by the Governor and Legislative Coun.
cilof the Territory of Florida, That no raw or unspun cotton,
sold at public auction except cotton wrecked at sea, or on wa.
ter courses, and sold for the benefit of salvor, or underwriter,
shall be subject to the auction tax prevented by law, any law
to the mntraq nowitimssdi.n. i, 4
&Mro 6h Marsh, 1044.







RESOLUTIONS

ADOPTED BY THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL.


Preamble and Resolutions.
WHEREAS, the Bay of St. Joseph, Florida, is without the press Resolntingl.
ence of an officer either of the customs or the revenue, and
whereas, its ready accessibility to vessels, the facility for landing
goods, and the ease and celerity with which they can be trans.
ported by a good wagon road, less than seven miles in length,
to the navigable waters of the Apalachicola River, must in a
short time, bring about evasions ot the Revenue prejudicial alike
to the Government, and fair dealer:
Be it therefore Resolved by the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate in
Congress be, and he is hereby requested to use his best exer-
tions, to procure the passage of a law, establishing St. Joseph
into a surveyors district.
Be it further Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing pream.
ble and resolution be dulv authenticated, and forwarded to the
Hon. David Levy our delegate in Congress.
[Approved 5th February, 1844.



Preamble and Resolution.
WHIaBAs, The Country in the neighborhood of Lake Worth,
Indian River and New Smvrna, on the Southern coast of Flor.
ida, and Enterprize on the St John's River, has gr atly in.
creased in population: And Whereas the establishment of a
mail route from the City of St. Augustine to some point on In-
dian River, via. New Smyrna and Enterprize, would afford
many facilities to numerous citizens in those sections of Coun.
try: And whereas, the nearest Post Office to the settlers at ei.
other of those points, is at St. Augustine, a distance varying
from sixty five, totwo hundred miles, to those citizens a mat.
ter of great inconvenience.
Beittherefore Resolved by the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida, That our delegate in
Congress, be, and he is hereby requested to use his best exer.
tions to procure the establishment of a mail route, from the city
of St. Augustine to some point on Indian River, via. Mr. A. Du-
pont's residence on the western bank of Matanzas River. New
Smyrna and Enterprize: also from Enterprize to Tampa Bay.








Resolutions. Be it further Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing pream-
ble and resolutions be duly authenticated and forwarded to the
Henorable David Levy, our DelegaitnL Congress, also to the
Post Master General.
[Approved 15th Febraryy, 1844
Preamble aid Resolutions.
WsRERAS, the great extent of the public roads in Nassau
county, and the lowness of the country through which they run
requires an amount of labor to keep them evtn in a passabile
condition, wholly beyond thepower of the limited population
of said county: And whereas the said county is greatly divi-
ded by numerous creeks and swamps, which are impassable
without bridges, many portions of the year. And whereas the
building and keeping in repair said Bridges, is a severe -and
burdensome tax upon the citizens of said county.
Be it therefore Resolved:by the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate in
Congress, be, and he is hereby requested to use his best exer-
tions, to obtain an appropriation by Congress, of the sum of
Five Thousand Dollars, to be expended under the direction of
the Commissioners of road Districts in said county.
Be it further resolved, That a copy of the foregoing pream.
ble and resolutions be signed by the proper officers, and trans-
mitted to the Honorable David Levy our Delegate in Congress.
[Approved 5th February, 1844.



solutionsn.
Be it R eso61ed:by the Governor and Legislative'Council of
Florida, That Nathaniel Bryant, Esquire, be allowed and re.
ceive the mileage and compensation prescribed by law to be
paid to members of this House up to this day.
And be it further Resolved, That our Delegate iij Congress
be, and he is hereby requested to use 'his besi efforts, to have
an:appropriation made, for the payment ofthe aforesaid amount.
[Approved, 6th February, 1844.



~reanmble and Resolutions.
WHErEAS, a large number of emigrants have located them-
selves on Lake Worth, Jupiter Narrows, and Indian Riier,
on the Southern coast-of' Florida; and whereas,, great embar-
rassients, are encountered by those emigrants, in the w6iut of
a safe communication to remove their goods. anad-,cttels.t m0
their former homes ;-the navigation of the coast 'of Flofria,








generally being considered dangerous. And whereas, the en- Res 1nthull,
couraging the settlement of that portion of the Territory, bor- -
dering on the Atlantic is of vast importance to the General Go-
vernment, in a humane, as well as military point of view:
And whereas, with the assistance of the Government, an inland
water communication can be opened from the city of St. Au.
gustine to Cape Florida, by t few miles of canaling, which in
time of war would be invaluable for the purpose of transport-
ing troops and munitions of war, to various points on theex.
posed frontier of Florida, and in the meanwhile afford to the
emigrants every facility for settling.
Be it therefore Resolved by the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate in Conm
gress be, and he is hereby requested, to lay this subject in its
proper light, before Congress, and urge upon Congress the pro-
priety of appropriating immediately, sufficient sum for cutting
a canal between the head waters of Matanzas river and Smith's
creek, a distance estimated at about ten miles, and between the
head waters of Mosquito South Lagoon and Indian river, a dis-
tance of seven hundred and twenty.five yards, also between the
South Prong of Jupiter river and Lake Worth, a distance of
about one mile.
Be it further resolved, That a copy of theforegoing pream.
ble and resolutions, be duly authenticated and forwarded to
the Honorable David Levy, and by him to be laid before Con.
gress. [ Approved 15th February, 1844.



Preamble and Reaolatimk
WHEREAs, the increasing trade and growing population of
the country bordering on the Oclawaha river, makes the free
navigation of said river, a matter of vital import to the citi.
zens of the adjacent country ; and whereas, by reason of ob.
structions in said river, the navigation up to its head, say to the
Silver Springs and Fort King, is much impeded to the great in.
ju ry of the citizens residing in the vicinity of said river ; and
whereas, Congress did appropriate an amount for the removal
of said obstructions, which was prevented from being executed
by the breaking out, and continuance of the Seminole war, in
consequence of which, said appropriation has reverted back to
the national Treasury.
Be it therefore resolved by the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate-in Con.
gress be requested to use his best exertions, to procure a reap-
propriation of said sum for clearing out the obstructions in said
Oclawaha river; and that a copy of the foregoing preamble,
and this resolution, be forwarded to him by the Secretary of the
II








WOWlatSti w fanue of iaprswatativep, imXaediately gerite passage, to be
m Jalid Li~,or 9pqqgrvea 3s W on as p a(t i i,
[4pprgted, PIth (Afrtfuriy, 1844.


reamble and Besolations.
WgrEAs, the geographical position of the river Choctaw-
hatchie, and its susceptibility of improvement .as a commercial
channel, to and from several of the counties of Alabama and
Florida, contiguous to its shores, justify a call on Congress for
fte requisite appropriation. Issuing from the allies of Cen-
tral Alabama, and augmented by the tides of numerous tribu-
taries, it entersFlorida at the North Western angle of Jackson
6ouinty, with a depth and volume of water sufficient for the
purposes of steamboat navijation. But, to render it perma-
ently useful in this respect, some aid is requisite hfor the
stands of man, and the skill of the engineer; the only obstruc.
tion to the navigation of the river, being created by fallen trees.
Ho scientific survey has yet ascertained the coat of surmount.
ing this obstruction. It is nevertheless known and admitted to
be inconsiderable. The utility, however, of the proposed im.
provement, is still less subject of speculation, than its proba-
te cost. 'Passing through a region abounding in the elements
of agricultural and commercial wealth, nothing is wanting to
arouse into efficient and profitable action the latent energies of
the enterprising planter of its vicinity ; to invite and commence
emigration, to secure a rapid safe of public land, and to quad-
ruple the value of private estates; but a cheap and regular
communication with a marketon the saa-coast. And it is wor-
fky of consideration, that the improvement here copteMpplated
derives no small streg.th, from the fact, that the point of com-
munication with the .ge-coast, will bethe town of PensacQ:j,
Which would at all times receive from that part of Alabama
and Florida, besides yvgalble shipments in co Son, important
supplies in lumber and provisions, a cheap and pafe route for the
Iransportatiop pf the ma4l ; and, in time of war, in the space
pf a few hours, troops for the protection of the town and arse,
pal. The Statepf Alabama, already imrprssed with the im.
portance of thi wheme, has approprited a considerable amount
to the clearing out of 4he river So the Florida liep, and it only
remains for an appropriation of a few thousand dollars to com-
plete a work which has for its accomplishment a aoconsidera-
ble advantage to ihr people of Florida apd Alasbama: And
whereas, Holmes river, a tributary of the .ChO~tawhoitoie iver,
having its source in tbh Slate of Alabama, and pasisirg through
the fertile counties of -JLj4psa .and Washbigton, and aring n9
other obstructions to it4 npaviation. as high up said river as
Roache's Bluff, the county seat pf Washington, but fallen trees,








may, at little expense; be ewtilf Tlnidetd'iecessable to the.point RlNfitf(l
above mentioned for flt bottomed boats with heavy t6nlnaig. xs a
Be it therefore Resolved by the Governor atn' Legiait ivre
Council of the Territory of Florida, That out Deklgate in C6OiL
gress be, and he is hereby requested to use his best etertt6ni to
procure an appropriation of twenty thougadd dollars, fbt thb
clearing out or the rivers Choetawhatchie and rHolmes.
Be it further resolved, That a copy of the foregoing prettl
ble and these resolutions, properly autheOticated, be itrnsrinmt
ted to the Honorable David' Levy, Delegate in Congress froi
our Territory. [Approvie, 1Sk Fehttlay 1844.



Resolutions.
Resolved by the Governor and Legislative Council of the
Territory of Florida, Thaf (fFiigress be earnestly request-
ed to pass a law establishing a chamber of commerce at Key
West, with plenary powersro act, decide and award, in cases
of salvage and other matters referred to thnmi and'thir our
Delegate in Congres~ be requested to urge speedily and-eatihesi
ly on Cdngress, the passage of such a law.
Resolved, That'a copy of these re5olutibhtbe certified, ami
transnitted'to the Honorable David Levy, as sooti as practt-
cable. [Ajjoted 15i'Fr Uiary, 18h4.



Preamble and Resolutions.
WHEREAs, the direct road leading from Tampa iay to Palat-
ka, a distance of about one hundred and fifty miles, over which
the mail must eventually pass, being the only direct route
through that section of country, and well adapted to facilitate
a communication from Tampa Bay, with Charleston, Savannah,
and divers other northern ports, is, at times, rendered impasse.
ble, in consequence of the decayed state of bridges over the
small creeks on said- rdad'
Be it' therefore Resolved by the Governor atd Legislatfve
Council of the Territory of Florida, That the Honorable Da-
vid Levy, our Delegate, be requested to use his best endeavors.
to obtain from Congress an appropriation of ten thousand dol:
larsfor the repair of said road.'
Be it further Rtesolved, That assoon ai the foregoing pream.
be'aad resolutionsshall have been passed, and signed by the*
proper officers, a certified copy of the same be forthwith for-
warded to duiDelegtaein Congress.
[Appritfed 23d- Feirudrf, 48144.








ti'gtiMor. -Preamble and Resolutions.
... WHEanA, the increasing trade between the counties of
Jackson and Calhoun. and the Cily of Apalachicola, is greatly
impeded by fallen trees, and trees standing in the place known
as Gum Swamp, through which the Chipola river runs, and
boats pass regularly.
-Be it therefore Resolved by the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate in Con-
gress be requested to use his best exertions, to procure an ap-
propriation of twenty-five hundred dollars for the clearing out
of trees and other obstructions on said river.
Be it further Resolved, That a copy of the above preamble
and resolutions be signed by the proper officers of both Houses,
and transmitted to the Honorable David Levy, our Delegate
in Congress. [Approved 23d February, 1844.



Resolutions.
Be it Resolved by the Governor and Legislative Council of
the Territory of Florida, That the Secretary of the Territory,
be, and he is hereby required, and it is made his duty, to cause
to be furnished each of tle Clerks of the different counties in
the Territory, one copy of the census returns, now in his office ;
and that as many copies of said census returns, as may remain
in his office, after one copy has been furnished each of the
Clerks as aforementioned, be deposited in some appropriate
place, in a room to be assigned by the Governor for that pur.
pose.
Resolved further, That the Clerks of the different counties
of the Territory be, and it is hereby made their duty to keep
and preserve said census returns, in their office, for public use.
[Approved 23d February, 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions.
WHea~AS, the settlement of Palatka, and the county in its
vicinity, is rapidly increasing in population and commerce;
and whereas, it is indispensably necessary for the convenience
of the numerous settlers, that a road should be opened leading
from the St. John's river, opposite to Palatka, and running
through the Deep Creek settlement, (it being the nearest route,)
to the City of St. Augustine ; combining the advantages of a
road for transportation, and the convenience of a direct mail.
Be it therefore Resolved by the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Territory ot Florida, That ur Delegate in Con-
gress, be, and he is hereby requested to use his best exertions,








to obtain an appropriation often thousand dollars, for the open. lisolations.
ing of said road.
re it further Resolved, That as soon as this preamble and
resolutions be passed, and signed by the proper officers, a oer,
tifit'e copy of the same, be forthwith forwarded to our Delegate
in Congress. [Approved 23d February, 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions.
WaEREAs, The inhabitants of Columnbia and Hamilton coun-
ties, Florida, and adjacent counties of Georgia, living on the
Suwannee and St. Mary's Rivers, are entirely without the
convenience of a mail route: And whereas, the nearest Post
OffiTe to them is at Alligator, (Columbia Court House) a dis.
tance varying from twenty to fifty miles: And whereas, a mail
route from Alligator by Blount's Ferry and Hogan's Bridge,
Florida, to Centrevillage, Georgia, a distance of not more than
one hundred miles, would afford the desired facility, to number.
ous inhabitants of Florida and Georgia, and the cost would be
trifling, compared with the advantages to the aforesaid inhab..
itants.
Be it therefore resolved by the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate in
Congress beand he is hereby requested to use his best exer-
tions to have the said Mail route established.
Be it further Resolved, That copies of the foregoing prearn
ble and Resolution, duly authenticated, be forwarded to our
Delegate in Congress; the Post Master General, and the
Speaker of the House of Representative, of the Congress of
the United States.
[Approved 23d February, 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions.
WHEREAs, there are several public lots in the city of St.
Augustine, not required for Military purposes; And whereas,
the sixteenth sections, which by law have been reserved for,
school purposes, are entirely valueless, and utterly inadequate'
to carry out the benificent object intended by congress of int.
parting instruction to the youths of our Territory.
Be it therefore Resolved, by the Governor and Legislative
Councilof the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate im
Congress be requested to use his best exertions to obtain from
Congress a donation to the free school of the city of St. At-.
gustine, the public lots in said city, not absolutely required for
military purposes.








afy*daK; Be it futhert-ifed*e That a. opy of thr ~ bsve-pwreaahr
, -- and resolution, properly certified, be forwarded to our Deiel
iat inrGoogaesa, witet little delay amrpossible.
JAppeoved, ?MA F


Preamble unt- Iolutions.
WHEREAS, The Counties of Hlilsboro' and Hernando, have
increased greatly in population and whereas, the establish-
mem of a mail route from Pilarka, via Misanojy, Fort King,
Warm Springs, FortPleitiful Horrando Court Eouse, Fore
Brook at Tampa Bay, would afford many facilitiesto numerous
oitiens in those-sections of country; and whereas, the neaames
Post Office tothe settlers at eitherof tbose places; is at TampW
Bay, a dissae' varying- fiom twenty to, one hundred aiudtwen.
t9 miles, a nrater of great, ioonveniehre.
Be it'therefore Resolved, by the Govermnr ad' d egidatiivd
Council of the Territory of Florida, That our Delegata it
congress, be, and!hlwri hereby requested, to use hisbea efforts
to'procure the establishmeom of a mail route,,fronm Pilathke int
St. John's county, via. Micanopv, Fort King, Warm Springs
Fort: Pletiful;.Hermand&Court House, Fort Brook at Tarmpa
Ny.
Bpit:firthevr'Rsolvedi, Thataacopy of the fbregoing pre-
amble and resolutions be duly authentioated and forwarded to:
tire HonorablP Dkvid Levy, our Delegate i'n congress: als to
the Post Maseer UGaeraL
[Appf-oved; 28th February 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions.
WHEBEAS, The growing coinmerce of the Town of Jack-
sonville, in Duval County in the Territory of East Florida,
and the increasing tradL of the exsenste country bordering on
the riverSt. John's, in said Territory, call loudly for the es-
tablishment of a'mmiine'Hospital, as a place of refuge to out
unfortunate seamed, who, from disability or disease, require
the fosteringoasreof the General Government: And whereas,
the healthy asdeooaveoibnt location ofthe town of Jacksonvillep
together with thetmnai' other' advantages it possesses, reoom'
metndlitself, awa sRitabtepilse for the .establishment of a KMa.
lie Hospital.
B Bit therefore Reolved'bythe Giwrnror!and Legislative Comn
oil of thtc Territory ofl Florida, Thal our Delegate in engree :
he andi he is iferally arestly requested to use his best en-
deavors to procure from Congress, a suitable appropriations for








thepurposeof erecting a Marine Hospital in the4own of -lack. Beu@srium.
sonville, Duval county, in the Eastern District of Florida.
Be it further Resolved, That a copy of he foregoing pream.
ble and Resolutions be certified by the proper officers, and
forwarded to the Honorable David Levy, Delegate from
Floida.
[Approved, 2~8h Febrway, 1844.



WHrEEAs, The Commercial intercourse between Marianna in
Jackson county, and Apalachicola, and the adjacent country,
has greatly increased in the last few years: And whereas, the
free navigation of the Chipola Rtlver is vitally obstructed by
fallen trees, trees, drifts and shoals : And whereas, It is well
ascertained that the expense of removing said obstructions
would be swall and ineoosiderable compared with the many
great advantagesto be derived by the citizens of those towns
and the adjacent country, there being at this time about ten
thousand bales of cotton, male per annum adjacent to its wa.
ters, also large quantities of timber and lambert of various
descriptions, which has to force its way down the channel of
said river, is very small flat boats,.owing te is obstruotions,
which greatly increases the expense. It being a diflieilt mat,
ter to obtain insurance under such cireumatanoes on boats la.
dea with merohandize from the Bay of Apalachicola to Mari
anna, and it being well ascertained that the said River of Chi.
pola affords sufficient water for steam Boats and Barges at atl
goat any stage of water:
Be it therefore Resolved by the Governor and Legislat-ive
Council of the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate in Con-
gress be instructed to use his best exertions to procure an appro.
priation of ten thousand dollars, for improving the navigation
of te Chipela River.
Be it further Resolved, That a copy of this preamble and
these Resolutions be sent to our Delegate in Congress, so
soon as adopted and certified by the Secretary of the House.
[Approved, 28WA February, 1844.



RPepubband Re.obatiwp
W anlas, The coast and straits of Flerida-ara as a long me
through which vessels from all qu~rtersof the Globe are coa-
tinuaaly passing sad rpassing : and whereas, the maritime
interest of our country, has, and is sufi1rine fbi the want of
aufiient fight houses: and whereas, Key Bisoayve at Cape
Florida has been totally abandoned, since ij patial dewue-








Isolntions, tion by the Indians, thereby resulting injuriously, to the con.
S -- merce of our country.
Be it therefore Resolved, by the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida, That our Drlezate in
Congress be, and he is hereby requested to urge upon Congress
the absolute necessity and propriety of having Light Hotses
erected at Mosquito Inlet, Cape Cannaveral ; and the repairing
of the one on K v Biscaynw.. at Cape Florida.
Be it further Resolved. That a copy of the foregoing pream.
ble and Resolutions be luly authenticated and forwarded to the
Honorable David Levy, by :im to be laid before Congress.
[Approved, 28th February, 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions.
WHEREAS, There are several public lots in the cityofPensa.
cola, in the county of Escambia, believed not to be reserved for
any particular public purposes, and whereas, the sixteenth sec.
tions whic'i by law. are reserved for school purposes have not
been located, ind owing to the existence of the numerous Spanish
Grants in that county, it is doubtful whether they can be laid
off, and even if so are entirely valueless, and utterly inade-
quate to carry out the benificent object intended by Congress, of
imparting instruction o the vuth of our Territory.
Be it therefore R,-soived. By the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate in
Congress exert himself to obtain from Congress a donation to
the free school of the city of Pensacola the public lots in said
city, not intended for other purposes.
Resolved further, That a copy of the above preamble and
resolution properly certified, be forwarded to our Delegate in
Congress as early as practicable.
[Approved 6th March, 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions.
WHRREAS, The Southern part of Columbia county has be.
come thickly settled, and is still increasing in population
and whereas, the said inhabitants, are entirely without the
convenience of a mail route, or Post Office, the nearest Pobt
Office being Newnansville, Alachua county, a distance vary.
ing from twenty to thirty mile,, and the river Santa Fee run.
ning between said citizens and that Post Office, and whereas,
the establishment of a mait route from Alligator to Black Creek
distance of not more than fifty miles, will afford the desired
facility : Therefore








Be it Resolved by the Governor and Legislative Council of Resolutions,
the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate in Congress be,------
and he is hereby requested to use his best exertions, to get es-
tablished a mail route, from Alligator, by Dulusty Creek, and
by Now River to Black Creek, and back once a week on horse
back.
Be it further Resolved, That copies of the foregoing pream-
ble and resolution be duly authenticated and transmitted to our
d '-!i.are in congress, and to the Post Master General of the
Uited States.
(Approved 6th March, 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions, asking of Congress an appropriation forclearing
out the obstructions in the Suwannee river, &c.
WHEREAS, the increasing trade and growing population of
the counties bordering the Suwannee river, make the free navi.
gation of said river at all seasons, a matter of vital import to
the citizens of the adjacent country. And whereas, by reason
of obstructions in said river, the navigation up to the Georgia,
line, is much impeded, to the great injury of the citizens re-
siding in the vicinity of said river. And whereas, Congress did
appropriate fifteen thousand dollars, for the removal ot said
obstructions, which was prevented from being executed by the
breaking out, and continuance of the Seminole war, in conse-
quence of which, said appropriation has reverted back to the
national treasury.
Be it therefore Resolved by the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate in Con-
gress be requested to use his best endeavors to procure a reap.
propriation of said sum, for the clearing out the obstructions
in said river, and that acopy of this Resolution be forwarded
to him, by the Secretary of the Senate, immediately after its
passage, to be laid before Congress as soon as possible.
[Approved 9th .March, 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions relative to public lands.
WHEREAS, the public lands, now surveyed and unsold, in
the territory of Florida, stood for years, subject to entry.-
And whereas, in such surveyed lands, all of the first quality
have been entered, there remaining consequently only those
of an inferior quality. And whereas, it will be product-
ive of an increase of population, and add much to the
comfort and welfare of the poorer class of our citizens to have
I%








Kleolnthia the price of such lands reduced, thereby enabling them to oh.
ain permanent homes, removed beyond the avarice of specu-
lators, who are daily depriving this class of our citizens, of the
proceeds of their hard labor, and thereby subjecting them and
their families to great want, and believing that it will also add
much to tht- public revenue.
Be it therefore Resolved by the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate in Con-
gress be requested to lay the matter in its proper light before
that body, and press upon them the necessity of a reduction of
the price of all public lands in this Territory which have been
offered for sale. [Appraved 9th March, 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions relating to the Seminary Lands.
WHEREAS, by act of Congress, passed as early as the 3d
of March, 1823, it was enacted that an entire township in each
of the Districts of East and West Florida, shall be reserved
from sale, for the use of a Seminary of Learning, to be located
by the Secretary of the Treasury. And whereas, by a com.
munication made by the Governor of Florida to the Senate, it
appears that only twenty-five thousand, five hundred and forty-
one acres have been located under said law. And whereas,
payment to the agent who made such location has not yet been
made, although the service has been long since rendered.
Be it therefore Resolved by the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate in Con-
gress be, and he is hereby requested, to urge upon the Secreta-
ry of the Treasury, the taking of immediate steps to complete
the location of the two entire townships, directed to be selected,
by the act of Congress.
Be it further enacted, That he be requested to procure pay.
ment for the services rendered by the agent who located the
amount of acres above stated.
Be it further Resolved, That the said Delegate be, and he is
hereby requested, to communicate the result of his action in
this respect, as early as praoticable, that action may be had on
the subject if necessary, by the present Council.
[Approved 9th March, 1844.



Resolutions requesting our Delegate in Congress to procure certain benefit.
and appropriations for Dade County.
Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of
the Territory of Florida, That the petition of our fellow-citi-
zens, in the county of Dade, be forwarded by our Secretary,









ibrthwith, to our Delegate in Congress, the Honorable David ResolutionL
Levy, requesting his earliest attention to .he same, desiring him
to use his best exertions to procure for them a Post Office, and
Por, of entry at their County site.
Be it further Resolved, That the Honorable David Levy, our
Delegate in Congress, be requested in like manner, to use his
best exertions to procure a suitable appropriation to assist our
fellow.citizens in the county of Dade, to erect a Court House
and Jai!, at their county site, on tve Miami, Cape Florida.
[Approvtd 9th March, 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions asking a re.appropriation to repair the road lead.
ing from Jacksonville East Florida, to the Mineral Springs.
WHEREAS, by an act of Congress, passed on the 7th day of
July, 1838, appropriating ten thousand dollars, to repair the
road from Jacksonville, in East Florida, to the Mineral Springs,
in said Territory, the direct mail route to Tallahassee, but in
consequence of the Indian war, the said sum was not applied
on said road as was intended, and by operation of law the said
sum has reverted back to the Treasury of the United States.-
Therefore,
Be it resolved by the Governor and Legislative Council of
the Territory of Florida, That the attention of our Delegate
in Congress, be called to the preamble and resolutions of the
Legislative Council, approved on the 24th February, 1843, re-
lative to this subject, and that he do urge the reappropriation of
the aforesaid sum of ten thousand dollars, to repair the road
aforesaid.
And be it further Resolved, That as soon as this preamble
and resolutions pass both Houses, and signed by the proper of-
ficers, that a copy of the same, duly authenticated be sent to
our Delegate in Congress. [Approved 9th March, 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions relating to the Militia Claims of Colonel Demp-
sey Pittman.
WHEREAS, Colonel Dempsey Pittman, of the third Regiment
of Florida Militia, was called into the service of the United
States by an order, emanating from an officer of the Army of
the United States, to aid in the removal of a certain tribe of
Indians, then situated on the frontiers of Jackson county,-
And whereas, the said Colonel Dempsey Pittman, has as yet
received no compensation from the United States for his ser-
vices. And whereas, the Legislative Council, did, at the ses-
sion of 1840, pass certain resolutions recommending this mat-








Besolition. ter to the consideration of the proper Department at Washington.
Be it therefore Resolved by the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate in Con-
gress, be, and he is hereby requested, to use his best exertions
to procure the passage of a law by Congress, providing pay-
ment for services rendered by this meritorious officer.
Be it further Resolved, That a copy of these Resolutions, to-
gether with a copy of a Resolution, approved 2d March, 1B40,
in relation to this matter, be certified by the proper officers of
the Legislative Council, and transmitted to the Honorable Da-
vid Levy. [Approved 9th March, 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions.
WHERIAS, in July 1840, a proclamation was issued by His Ex-
cellency, Robert Raymond Reid, then Governor of Florida,
commanding the volunteer company, organised, under his pre-
vious order in the County of Calhoun, called the lola Volun-
teers, whereof Francis Arnou was Captain, to hold themselves
in readiness to march whenever the public weal required it,
said company to serve for the space of four months : and
whereas, said company did, conformable to said proclamation
hold themselves ready as aforesaid, for the space of four months
and scouted on several occasions throughout the country ad-
joining the said County of Calhoun : And whereas, they have
never received any compensation for their services, either
from the United States, or the Territory of Florida.
Be it therefore Resolved by the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate in
Congress be, and he is hereby requested to use his best exer-
tions to obtain from Congress, an appropriation to pay said
company for thier said services.
Be it further Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing pream-
ble and resolutions be certified by the proper officers, and
forwarded to the Honorable David Levy, as soon as practi-
cable.
[Approved, 13th March, 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions.
WHETEAS, The United States mail to New Orleans, when
conv yed by the Alligator route, to wit: via. Macon, Bain-
brid,'e, Marianna, Holmes' Valley, Lagrange, and Pensacola,
was carried with great certainty and despatch, the road being
uns,,rpass'd in any county, in point of convenience for the
transportation ot passengers-so much so, as to elicit expres-








sions indicative of the highest degree of satisfaction from Resolutions.
travellers, as well for the contractor as on account of the road
which was profitable to all : and whereas, the change of route
so as togo to Americus, and cross the Flint river at two places,
thereby making an addition of bad road for many miles
through a hilly country, and increasing the chances of the
failure and detention ot the mails, by crossing a river fre-
quently impeded in its navigation by a succession of high
floods for weeks together, proves itself utterly unsafe and ill
adapted for the transportation of the mail: And whereas, since
the abe ndonment of the aforesaid route, the public have sus-
tained great injury and loss, occasioned by the detention and
delay of the mails, besides their frequent failures ; and in ad-
dition to all this disappointment, a serious detention and delay
of passengers: Therefore
Be it Resolved by the Governor and Legislative Council of
the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate in congress be,
and he is hereby earnestly requested to urge upon congress the
absolute necessity and propriety of a re-establishment of the
mail on this important route, it being the main communication
by stage between New York and New Orleans in the winter
season, subject to less accidents from bad roads and high wa-
ters, than any other, most speedy and safe, and best adapted to
facilitate the certain and effectual transportation of the mail
and travellers.
Be it further Resolved, That as soon as the foregoing pream-
ble and these Rosolutions shall have been adopted, a certified
copy of the same be forthwith transmitted to the Honorable
David Levy, also to the Post Master General.
[Approved 14th March, 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions.
WHEREAS, The establishment of a mail loute from Cedar
Keys, to intersect the central line from Tallahassee to Jack-
sonville, East Florida, at Columbus ir. Columbia county,
would be of great importance to the citizens of Madison, A-
lachua, Columbia and Hamilton, Florida, there being no com-
munication by mail between those places: and whereas, that
portion of the country bordering on Suwannee river is being
settled by an enterprising and industrious community, the pro-
ducts of whose industry is every year increasing; already
amounts to a very considerable item in the commerce of Flori-
da, and whereas, Cedar Keys is the principal depot for all
the exports as well as the imports of this section: There-
fore,
Be it Resolved by the Governor and Legislative Council of








Resolutions, the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate in Congress be
---- requested to lay before that Honorable body this matter in its
proper light, and use his best exertions to procure the estab-
lishment of a mail route between those places.
Be it further Resolved, That a copy of this Preamble and Re.
solution be signed by the proper officers, and forwarded to our
Honorable Delegate in Congress, and to the Post Master Gene-
ral of the UnitedStates.
[Approved, 14th March, 1844.



Resolution.
Resolved by the Governor and Legislative Council of the
Territory of Florida. That M':ssrs. James T. O'Neille, Dan-
iel Vaughan, Joseph Higginbotham, R. W. Kirkland and Na.
than Norton, Jr., be, and they are hereby appointed Commis.
sioners, whoseduty shall be, on or before the sixth day of No.
vember next, to take into consideration the expediency of re.
locating the county site of Nassau county ; and if to them it
shall appear necessary shall, and are hereby authorized, to
select some eligible location, as near the centre of the county
as practicable, whereon to locate a new county site.
Approved 14th March, 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions.
WHEREAS, it has been the policy of the Government of the
United States, to induce immigration, whereby many persons
having come into Florida since its cession from Spain, and
therein expended their time, means and labor, for many years,
in preparing homes, and making subsistence for themselves and
children: And whereas, emigrants and settlers had looked
with confidence to the Government of the United States, for
protection and safety against the wandering bands of Indians,
which protection was its duty, and within its power to give:
And whereas, the war which commenced, and was for a long
time continued, under the frequent assurances from Govern.
ment, of peace, to the geat loss of life, and to the destruction
of the renewed hopes of the inhabitants, and in many instan-
ces to the entire destruction of their property and means of
livelihood: And whereas, the people of the Territory of Flo-
rida had neither the ability nor the right to raise money for the
outfit and maintenance of troops for carrying on the same, but
these were the duties and perogative of the General Govern.
ment only, of which it has assiduously maintained the direction
and control thereof.








Be it Resolved, unanimously, by the Governor and Legisla. Resolutions,
live Council of the Trritory of Florida, That the depredations
upon property, made by the Sf'm;noles and other Indians, is a
loss to the settlers of Florida, for which the Government of the
United States is bound in justice to make a fair and early re-
paration.
Resolved further, That the Honorable, the Delegate in Con-
gress, from the Territory of Florida, is requested to make an
earnest appeal to the Government of the United States, for the
payment ot losses of property suffered from Indian depreda-
tions, and that a copy of this preamble and these resolutions,
be communicated to him by the Secretary of the House of Re-
presentatives of the Legislative Council.
[Approved 14th March, 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions.
WHEREAS, the direct route leading from Newnansville to Fort
King, a distance of about sixty miles, is destitute of a road,
Be it therefore Resolved by the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida, That the Honorable David
Levy, our Delegate in Congress, be requested to use his best
exertions, to obtain an appropriation of two thousand dollars,
for the opening of a road from Newnansville, commencing at
the direc! road leading from St. Augustine to Tallahassee,
thence running a southwardly direction, and intersect the mili-
tary road leading from Black Creek, to Tampa Bay, Fort Brook,
at, or near Fort King.
Be it further Resolved, That as soon as this preamble and
resolutions shall have been passed, and signed by the proper
officers, a certified copy of the same, be forwarded forthwith,
to the Honorable David Levy, our Delegate in Congress.
[Approved 14th March, 1844.



"Preamble and Resolutions.
WHEREAS, the establishment of a mail route from the City :
Apalachicola to Marianna, would afford many facilities to the
numerous citizens residing at St. Andrews Bay, and on the
Econfena river: And whereas, no mail passes nearer these
places than Holme's Valley, a distance of more than twenty.
five miles, to those citizens, a matter of great inconvenience.
Be it therefore Resolved by the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate in Con.
gress, be, and he is hereby requested, to use his best endeavors,
toprocure the establishment of a mail route from Apalachico-








Resolutions. la, via St. Joseph, St. Andrews, and Econfena, to intersect with
-----the Alligator route, at Marianna.
Be it further Resolved, That the above resolution shall not.
in any way, change the present mail route to the city of Apa.
lachicola, by steam boats.
Be it further Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing pream.
ble and resolutions, be forwarded to the Honorable David Le.
vy, our Delegate in Congress; also, to the Post Master Gene.
ral. [Approved 14th March, 1844.



Resolutions for compensation to the Chailains of the Senate and House of
Representatives.
R.?olvow by the Govwn jr and LegislativeCouncil of the Ter.
ritory af Florida, That our Delegate in Congress, be request.
ed to use his best exertions, to procure an appropriation of four
dollars per diem, for the payment of the Reverend Doctor Yea-
ger, for his services as Chaplain of the Senate, and a similar
compensation for the Reverend Joshua Phelps, Chaplain of the
House of Representatives, during the present session ; and
that allowance be made in each annual appropriation, to pay
such officers.
Ba it further Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be
signed, and forwarded to the Honorable David Levy, our Dele-
gate in Congress. [Approved 14th March, 1844.



Preamble and Resolution.
WHEREAS, The county of Dade is at present without funds,
for the purpose of educating the poor and orphan children,
resident in said county, and have at present, no way of provi-
di;,c a fond for that purpose, and a school is about to be estab.
liki,,d in thp county of Monroe, for the purpose of educating
the poor and orphans of said county: Therefore,
B' it Resolved by the Goverror and Legislative Counoil of
thn Territory of Florida, That for the present, and until Dade
county shall have sufficient means to raise a fund forb he a.
bovr mnrtioied purposes, the poor and orpan children Dade
county. shal be entitled gratuitously, to tuition, in the free
school of Monroe county, after said school shall go intb opera-
tion.
[Approved 14th March, 1844.


Preamble and Resolutions.
WHEREAS, the inhabitants of that part of West Florida, lying








ui the Western side of the river Choctawhatchie, are, and have Resolutions.
been laboring under great inconveniences, on account of there
being no established Ferry on said river any where from the
Alabama line to the Gulf of Mexico, a distance but very lit-
tle short of one hundred miles: and whereas, said river being
impassable at any stage of water(without swimming)the peo.
pie of Walton county, most of whom live in the southern part
of said county, and at the greatest distance from any ferry on
said river, as well as those of Santa Rosa and Escambia coun-
ties, who are compelled to travel some sixty or eighty miles out
of the direct course, to get to Tallahamsee, there being no road
nor ferry leading in direct course. The United States mail
is weekly crossing said river in a canor, and after passing up
and down said river a distance ofs'-veral miles, which is a great
hazard, and frequently causes a delay of said mail: and
whereas, by reference to the appropriations made for the Ter-
ritory of Florida, it will be seen that very little has ever been
made for that part of Florida lying west of the Apalachicola:
and for the last ten or more years no appropriation has been
made for the benefit of the people west of Marianna, except at
Pernsacola ; and it is equally as true, that no people in this
Territory labor under greater inconveniences,for want ofa road
than the people West of Marianna, and particularly those
west of the Choctawhatchie river; and whereas, from ihe ad-
vantages afforded naturally, for the opening of a road and the
building of bridges, from Webbville, in Jackson County, to
Ucheeanna in Walton county, and from thence to Mit:on, in
Santa Rosa county, it is tully ascertained, that the appropria-
tion necessary to be made would be small, when con'cared
with facilities and benefits, that would be derived from such
anappropriation, and whereas the United States mail, now
carried in two horse coaches from Marianna, via Geneva. Al-
mirante and Miltan, to Pensacola, is travelling out of its di-
rect course a distance more than Sixty miles, and over worse
road than it would have to travel, by xoinif the proposed route
by Ucheeanna, crossing Choctawhatrleb! river, at a place
known by he name of Half Moon 1lutf via. Uchceanna and
Milton, to Pensacola.
Be it therefore R.-olved, by the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Terri'ory of Florida. That our Delegate in
Congress be, and he is hereby requested, to place the subject in
its true light before the Congress of the United Stat-s, and use
his best exertions to obtain an appropriation of five thou.-aid
dollars, to be applied to the opening ot a road and the building
of bridges, from Webbville in Jackson county, via. Ucheeanna
in Walton county, to Milton in Santa Rsa county, thereby
making a more convenient and crmpleter route, from Maii:i'
na to Pensacola, and shorten the distance m or:ne :.t!i sixty
miles. 13 [Approved 1 Ih IMarch, 1i-4.








BetShlltio01n Preamble and Resolutions.
WHEREAs, The country bordering on the Atlantic, between
St. Augustine and Cape Florida, is becoming daily settled:
and whereas, much inconvenience is encountered by those set.
tiers, in the want of a road to convey supplies, stock and uten.
sils for the cultivation of the soil: and whereas, most of the
bridges. on the Old King's Road, between St. Augustine and
New Smyrna, are entirely decayed and unsafe.
Be it therefore Resolved by the Governor and Legislative
Council of the Territory of Florida, That the Delegate in
Congress from the Territory be, and he is hereby requested to
urge upon that body, the ?ropriety of appropriating a sufficient
sum for repai-ing the bridges on the road leading from St. Au-
gustine to New Smyrna ; and also for cutting a road from New
Smyrna to Fort Pierce on Indian river, via. Enterprize.
Be it further resolved. That a copy of the foregoing Pream.
ble and Resolution be duly authenticated, and forwarded to the
Honorable David Levy, without delay.
[Approved, 15th March, 1844.



Resolution-R. Burney, deceased.
Be it Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives
of the Legislative council of Florida. That the full per diem
of a member of the House of Representatives, be allowed to
the widow of the Honorable Richard Burney, deceased, and
that the Secretary of the Territory, be, and he is hereby re-
quired to issue the certificate of the Honorable Richard Bur-
ney, deceased, to his widow, for the whole amount which would
have been due the Honorable Richard Burney, had he survived
to the adjournment of the Legislature.
[Approved, 15th March, 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions.
WHEREAS, The navigation of Chrystal river is a considera-
tion of great importance, from the large bodies of fertile lands
bordering on said river, and the adjacent country, the ship.
ment of produce from that section of country must naturally
pass through said channel, asit will be perceived that it is one
of the main outlets of Benton county : Thfrefbre
Be it Resolved by the Governor and Legislative Council of
the Territory of Florida, That the Henotable David Levy,
our Delegate in Congress, be requested to use his best exer-
tions, to procure an appropriation of five thousand dollars,








for the removal of obstructions from the channel of said itesolutions.
river. -
Be it further Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing Pre-
amble and Resolution, be certified by the proper officers, and
forwarded to our Delegate in Congress.
[Approved 15th March, 1844.



Resolution.
Be it Resolved by the Governor and Legislative Council of
the Territory of Florida. That Temple Pent, of the county of
Dade, who contested a seat in this House, be allowed mileage
and per diem, the same as is allowed to members of this Legis-
lative body, up to the 26th day of January ; and that our De-
legate in Congress, be requested to obtain an appropriation, for
the payment of the same. [Approved 15th March, 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions.
WHEREAS, the port of Tampa engrosses the chief part of the
trade, on the Western side of the Peninsula of Florida, and
from its favorable position and advantages, in a commercial
point of view, will soon become an important port: And
whereas, vessels suffer great inconvenience from the want of a
light house at the entrance ot said bay: Therefore,
Be it Resolved by the Governor and Legislative Council of
the Territory of Florida, That our Delegate in Congress be,
and he is hereby earnestly requested, to urge upon Congress
the absolute necessity and propriety, of having a light house
erected upon Eamon Key, or some other suitable place.
Be it further Resolved, That as soon as the foregoing pream-
ble and resolution shall have been adopted, a certified copy
of the same be forthwith transmitted to the Honorable David
Levy, by him to be laid before Congress, as soon as practicable.
[Approved 15th March, 1844.


Preamble and Resolution.
WHEREAS, the county of Calhoun is without a Court-house,
and the increasing business of the county, the interest of the
people, and the administration of justice, require that suitable
buildings should be erected for judicial and county purposes :
And whereas, the present resources of the county, are inade.
quate to the building of such houses, without onerous taxation:
Therefore.








Resolutions. Be it Resolved by the Governor and Legislative Council of
the Territory of Florida, That the Honorable David Levy,
be, and he is hereby requested, to obtain from Congress, for
such purpose, a grant to said county, of one quarter section of
land, to be located by three Commissioners, to be elected by the
people of said county ; and that this preamble and resolution
be certified by the proper officers, and forwarded immediately
to the Honorable David Levy. [Approved 15th March, 1844.



Resolution.
Be it Resolved by the Senate and Houseof Representatives,
That our Delegate in Congress, be requested to exert, as soon
as may be, his best endeavors and influence, to obtain from
Congress a law, establishing an additional Judicial District, in
Easi Florida, to be composed of the counties of Columbia,
Alachua, Marion, Benton, and Hillsborourh, leaving the pre-
sent Eastern Distric,, so called, to remain constituted of the
counties ofSt. John's, Duval, Mo quito, St. Lucia, and Nassau.
JApproved 15th March, 1844.



Preamble and Resolutions.
WHEREAS, his Excellency the Governor, in the year 1839,
was authorized by an act of the Legislative Council to raise a
force consisting of several companies of Militia, tor the pro.
tection of the frontier, which companies were mustered into
the service of the Territory. for a period of six months : and
whereas, the Government of the United States, assumed the
payment of those troops, subsequent to their being mustered
into the Territorial service, and before the expiration of the
period for which they were mustered, were received and
mustered into the service of the United States for payment and
turned over to the command of a United States officer : and
whereas, twenty-two men, commanded by Captain Thomas
Langford, and ten men commanded by Captain William
Newbern, and four men commanded by Captain Redden, were
rejected by the mustering officers of the United States: and
whereas, said men did perform service in defence of the fron-
tier, for a period of three months, and in consequence of their
being rejected by said mustering officer of the United States.
have not received any pay for said services: and whereas, said
s.L'rvices were necessary, and said men were 'received by the
mustering officer of the Territoril Government, and muster-
ed into its service, as part of said force, raised for the protec-
tion of the frontier : Therefore