Soybean recommendations for North Florida for ..
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073380/00002
 Material Information
Title: Soybean recommendations for North Florida for ..
Series Title: NFES mimeo report
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: North Florida Research and Education Center (Quincy, Fla.)
Publisher: North Florida Research and Education Center.
Place of Publication: Quincy Fla
Creation Date: 1955
Frequency: annual
Subjects / Keywords: Soybean -- Growth -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
General Note: Description based on: 1954; title from colophon.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: 1957.
Funding: NFES mimeo rpt.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 76830180
lccn - 2006229111
System ID: UF00073380:00002

Full Text

Quincy, Florida

MAR 21 1955

January 25, 1955

NFES-Mimeo Report 55-2


by Thomas E. Webb
Assistant Agronomist

Adapted Varieties.--The varieties recommended for North Florida are Jackson, Lee,
Roanoke, Dortchsoy 31, and Ogden.

The Jackson variety is well adapted to a wide range of soils and is recommended
for planting in any of the North Florida counties on soils suitable for corn or other
grains. Jackson is 4 to 6 inches taller than Roanoke or Dortchsoy 31. These three
varieties mature about October 20. Jackson holds its seed well and its added height
makes it more desirable for late planting such as behind oats or lupine. Lee and Ogden
mature early, about October 1 to 8. Lee is non-shatter but Ogden must be combined within
two weeks after maturity to avoid excessive shattering. All produce good seed yields
and have high oil content.

Date of Planting.--Soybeans planted May 15 to June 15 yield higher and produce a
better plant size for combining. Soybeans may be planted from May 1 to July 1. Still
earlier or later plantings yield low and do not have sufficient height for combining.
Date of planting has little effect on maturity date. Forty days' difference in planting
dates delays maturity only 4 days.

Soils.--Soybeans will grow in most soil types found in North Florida except sand.
Yields depend upon fertility of these soils.

Land Preparation.--Soybeans require a good seed bed. Where soybeans follow oats,
the straw must be removed. Baling the straw for bedding and feed is the most popular
method of removal. If it is not convenient to bale this straw, then burning is

Fertilizer.--The use of 400 to 500 pounds per acre
on good soils or following a legume crop is recommended.
4-10-7 or similar analysis is recommended. No fertilizer
a highly fertilized crop such as Irish potatoes, cabbage,
spring vegetables. One ton of lime is profitable on most

of 0-12-12 or similar analysis
For poorer soils 500 pounds of
is needed when soybeans follow
sweet corn or other early

The fertilizer can be applied before planting with a spreader, at planting time in
bands 3 to 4 inches on each side of the seed, or as a sidedressing at the first plowing.


Row Width.--Thirty- to 36-inch rows are the most economical to use. This gives
quicker ground cover for weed control, higher seed yields, and better use of equipment.

Rate of Planting.--Plant 1 to l1 bushels of seed per acre. A thick stand makes
the beans easier to cultivate and gives a quicker ground cover for weed control.

Depth of Planting.--Cover the seed one inch deep. Plant only when there is plenty
of moisture for quick emergence. Plant beans on the level or slightly below.

Inoculation.--Soybeans, like other legumes, are able to utilize nitrogen from
the air if properly inoculated. If soybeans are not inoculated, enough nitrogen must be
adcdd to the fertilizer to make up the deficiency.

Cultivating.--Use rotary hoe or weeder as soon as beans first come up. Cultivate
beans when they are 2 inches high. Plow flat or ridge beans slightly with about three

Harvesting and Storage.--The combine will do a good job of harvesting soybeans, if
the machine is properly adjusted and the soybeans are low in moisture. Harvesting should
begin when soybeans contain about 12a moisture.

Harvesting looses are often overlooked. For every 36 to 40 seed per square yard
on the ground there is a harvesting loss of one bushel per acre. Cutting high enough to
leave- 5 to 6 pods per foot of row neans a loss of one bushel per acre.

Stre at 12 moisture an a moi or less.

Insect Ccntrol.--Several insects attack soybeans
.to yields. Insecticide duCts, which ray be applied by
ntct-rs are as follows:

-inot. Insecticide

and their control is necessary for
tractor, airplane, or hand


J21ll arr27 V'0Y

Vc.!v-it 'cs.n cat,'rpillar

I,?ex.ican bcanu beetle-

Toxaphene, 10I
Aldrin, 2-
DDT, 10n

Same as above

ic .:r''benie, 10

D-;Taphene, 10

Parathion. 1%
L_.ir-c.-pni'., 2. /

10-15 Ibs. per acre
10-15 lbs. per acre
10-15 lbs. per acre

Same as above

10-15 lbs. per acre

10-15 lbs. per acre
10-15 lbs. per acre

10-15 lbs. per acre
10-15 lbs. per acre