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Tomato cultivar evaluation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073376/00001
 Material Information
Title: Tomato cultivar evaluation
Series Title: NFREC research report
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: North Florida Research and Education Center (Quincy, Fla.)
Publisher: North Florida Research and Education Center.
Place of Publication: Quincy Fla
Creation Date: 1989
Frequency: semiannual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Tomatoes -- Varieties -- Field experiments -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
General Note: Description based on: Spr. 1989; title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Fall 1990.
Funding: Research report (North Florida Research and Education Center (Quincy, Fla.))
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 76789148
lccn - 2006229449
System ID: UF00073376:00001

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Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
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9O// INorth Florida Research and Education Center
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Route 3 Box 4370 Cetral Science
Quincy, FL 32351 Library


NFREC Research Report 90-19

Tomato Cultivar Evaluation, Spring 1989 'i Of Florida

S. M. Olson and J. M. Snell
Associate Professor and Biological Scientist III


INTRODUCTION


Spring tomato production in northwest Florida has stabilized at around
2000 acres. Total state tomato acreage exceeded 57,000 acres during the
1988-89 season. As a continued effort to find more adaptable cultivars
fourteen entries were evaluated at the NFREC, Quincy during the spring 1989
season.


Materials and Methods

This evaluation was conducted at the North Florida Research and Education
Center on Orangeburg loamy fine sand. Tomatoes were seeded in 1 1/2 in. X 1
1/2 in. expanded polystyrene flats on February 2, 1989. Transplants were
placed in the field on March 21, 1989. Plant spacing was 20 in. in row and 6
ft. between rows (7,260 linear ft/A). The tomatoes were grown with black
polyethylene mulch and trickle irrigation. Total fertilizer applied was
181-148-211 Ib/A N-P ,0-K20. Plots were one row 20-ft. long and were arranged
in a randomized complete block with four replications. Weeds, insects and
diseases were controlled with timely applications of registered chemical
products. Plots were harvested from June 14 to June 27, 1989, and were graded
according to size and marketability. There were three harvests. There were
fourteen entries in the evaluation.


Results and Discussion

Table 1 is a listing of yield (25 lb cartons/A), percent marketable fruit
and average fruit weight (oz.) for all entries evaluated. Yield is shown for
large fruit, extra large fruit and total production. Extra large fruit sells
for the highest price per carton. The majority of spring tomato acreage in
north Florida is currently planted in the variety 'Sunny'.

'Colonial' produced higher total yield (2388 cartons/A) than eight of the
fourteen entire. 'NC 87345' produced higher extra large yield (2042
cartons/A) than seven other entries. 'Colonial' and 'NC87345' were not
significantly different from each other in extra large or total yield.
'Sunny' produced less extra large and total yield than 'NC87345' and






'Colonial' respectively.

'Bonita', 'NC87345', 'Colonial', 'Agriset 761' and 'PSX 9586' had a higher
percentage marketable fruit than 'Sunny'. Entries producing the largest
average fruit size were 'NC87345', 'Olympic, 'PSX 9586' and 'Bingo'.






Table 1. Yield, percentage marketable fruit and average fruit size for spring
1989 tomato evaluations.


Marketable Average
Marketable yield (25 lb cartons/A fruit fruit weight
Entry Large Extra large Total (%) (oz.)


Colonial 457 abz 1931 ab 2388 a 69.4 a-c 7.2 ef
Agriset 761 302 c 1932 ab 2234 ab 67.6 a-d 7.8 cd
NC 87345 138 d 2042 a 2181 ab 69.7 ab 9.4 a
Bonita 450 ab 1706 a-d 2156 ab 72.c a 7.2 ef
Solar Set 305 c 1758 a-c 2062 a-c 63.9 b-f 7.8 cd
7209 477 a 1518 c-e 1994 b-d 62.6 b-f 6.9 f
PS 227 368 bc 1581 b-e 1949 b-d 60.5 d-f 7.4 d-f
Bingo 178 d 1763 a-c 1941 b-d 61.2 c-f 9.0 a
Olympic 91 d 1842 a-c 1934 b-d 65.6 a-e 9.3 a
Sunny 290 c 1610 b-e 1899 b-e 57.8 ef 7.5 de
PSX 9586 109 d 1620 b-e 1729 c-e 67.0 a-d 9.1 a
Summer Set 430 ab 1261 e 1690 de 55.8 fg 7.0 f
NVH 4459 190 d 1372 de 1563 e 49.9 gh 8.3 bc
NS 268 187 d 1366 de 1553 e 43.3 h 8.4 b


ZMean separation by Duncan's Multiple Range Test, 5% level.




Table 2. Entries and seed sources for spring 1989 tomato evaluations.


Entry Seed Source


Agriset 761 Petoseed Company, Inc.
Bingo Ferry-Morse Seed co.
Bonita Northrup King Co.
Colonial Petoseed Company, Inc.
NC 87345 North Carolina State University
NVH 4459 Northrup King Co.
NS 268 Neuman Seed Co.
Olympic Petoseed Company, Inc.
PS 277 Petoseed Company, Inc.
PSX 9586 Petoseed Company, Inc.
Solar Set Asgrow Seed Co./University of Florida
Summer Set Neuman Seed Co.
Sunny Asgrow Seed Co.
7209 Gulf Coast REC/University of Florida