• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Procedure
 Results, summary
 Acknowledgement






Group Title: Mimeo report - North Florida Experiment Station, University of Florida - 56-2
Title: Comparison solvent soybean oil meal and solvent cottonseed meal as protein supplements for pigs on pasture
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073286/00001
 Material Information
Title: Comparison solvent soybean oil meal and solvent cottonseed meal as protein supplements for pigs on pasture
Series Title: NFES mimeo rpt.
Physical Description: 3, 3 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Baker, F. S ( Frank Sloan ), 1921-
North Florida Experiment Station
Publisher: North Florida Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Quincy Fla
Publication Date: 1955
 Subjects
Subject: Swine -- Feeding and feeds -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Soybean meal as feed -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Cottonseed meal as feed -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Proteins in animal nutrition   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by F.S. Baker, Jr.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "November 16, 1955."
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073286
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: oclc - 82958157

Table of Contents
    Procedure
        Page 1
    Results, summary
        Page 2
    Acknowledgement
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
Full Text




NORTH FLORIDA EXPERIMENT STATION
QUINCY, FLORIDA

November 16, 1955 .

NFES Mimeo Rpt. 56-2.

COMPARISON SOLVENT SOYBEAN OIL MEAL AND SOLVENT COTTONSEED
MEAL AS PROTEIN SUPPLEMENTS FOR PIGS ON PASTURE.

by F. S. Baker, Jr.
Assistant Animal Husbandman


In a recent trial at this Station, solvent extracted soybean
solvent cottonseed meal, and a mixture of the two, with or without
gave satisfactory results as protein supplements for weanling pigs
pasturel. There was little difference in results from the two oil
Adding an aureomycin supplement increased pig gains slightly.


oil meal,
aureomycin,
on oats
meals.


PROCEDURE

In the trial reported herein, the experiment mentioned above was repeated
with pigs on millet pasture instead of oats.

Duroc sows producing the experimental pigs were fed a ration of corn,
soybean oil meal, and minerals on pasture.


The pigs were allotted as equally as possible approximately one
weaning. The following rations were fed:


Lot


Corn


Protein Supplement
(0.5 lb. per pig daily)-


I Self-fed 93 lbs. 41% s.o. meal
7 lbs. steamed bonemeal

II Self-fed 93 lbs. 41% s.o. meal
7 lbs. steamed bonemeal
/I
aureomycin supplement
(45 mg. aureomycin per head daily)

III Self-fed 93 lbs. 41% c.s. meal
7 lbs. steamed bonemeal

IV Self-fed 93 lbs. 41% c.s. meal
7 lbs. steamed bonemeal

aureomycin supplement
(45 mg. aureomycin per head daily)


Mineral
mixture


Self-fed




Self-fed


Self-fed





Self-fed


week after


Pasture


Millet




Millet


Millet





Millet


V Self-fed


93 Ibs. mixture s.o. meal
& c.s. meal
7 lbs. steamed bonemeal


1Baker, F.S. Jr. 1955. Comparison Solvent Soybean Oil Meal and Solvent Cottonseed
Meal as Protein Supplements.for Pigs on Pasture. NFES Mimeo Rpt. 55-5.


Self-fed


Millet











Protein Supplement Mineral
Lot Corn (0.5 lb. per pig daily) mixture Pasture

VI Self-fed 93 lbs. mixture s.o. meal
& c.s. meal
7 lbs. steamed bonemeal

aureomycin supplement
(45 mg. aureomycin per head daily) Self-fed Millet
The aureomycin supplement (Aurofac) contained 1.8 grams of chlortetracycline
hydrochloride and 1.8 mg. vitamin B12 activity per pound. Five pounds Aurofac
was added to 95 pounds oil meal to which 7% steamed bonemeal had previously been
added,

The mineral mixture consisted of two parts ground limestone, two parts
steamed bonemeal, and one part salt. To insure adequate calcium consumption,
steamed bonemeal was also included in the protein supplement as previously
described.

Millet pastures were grazed.

RESULTS

Table 1-635 gives the results of the feeding trial.

All lots of pigs made excellent gains and there was a difference of only
$0.77 in feed cost per 100 pounds gain between the group making the most expensive
(Lot VI) and the one making the least expensive gain (Lot V). As in the preceding
trial2, solvent process soybean oil meal, solvent cottonseed meal, or a mixture of
the two, with or without aureomycin, appeared to be a satisfactory protein supple-
ment for thrifty weanling pigs on good pasture.

Solvent Process Soybean versus Cottonseed Meal.- Table 2-635 contains a
comparison of the two oil meals and a mixture of the two. The data given in this
table were obtained by combining the data for Lots I and II, for Lots III and IV,
and for Lots V and VI (i.e., combining the results from the oil meal with that
from oil meal plus antibiotic).

Pigs fed soybean oil meal gained slightly faster than those fed cottonseed
meal but the latter made a little cheaper gain because cottonseed meal cost $15
per ton less than soybean meal. The mixture of the two meals gave about the same
gain at a slightly lower cost per 100 pounds gain than the soybean oil meal.

Aureomycin versus No Aureomycin.- As shown in Table 3-635, there was not a
great difference in the average gains made by pigs receiving aureomycin (Lots II,
IV, & VI) and those not fed aureomycin (Lots I, III, & V). It should be noted
that large, thrifty pigs were used, and excellent pasture was provided.

SUMMARY

Solvent extracted soybean oil meal, solvent cottonseed meal, or a mixture
of the two, with or without aureomycin, gave satisfactory results as a protein


2See Footnote, page 1.













supplement for large, thrifty pigs grazing excellent pasture.

Solvent soybean meal gave slightly more gain at a little higher cost than
solvent cottonseed meal.

Adding an aureomycin supplement did not result in greatly increased gains
of large, thrifty pigs on excellent pasture.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Fine Chemical Division, American Cyanamid Company, New York, N.Y. and
Dothan Oil Mill, Dothan, Alabama contributed to the support of this experiment.



































FSB
250 copies











Results Fattening Trial with Various Protein Supplements for Pigs on Pasture.


Lot I
41% solvent
s.o. meal


Lot II
41% solvent
s.o. meal /
aureomycin
supplement


Lot III
41% solvent
c.s. meal


Lot IV
41% solvent
c.s. meal /
aureomycin
supplement


Lot V
Mixture solvent
s.o. meal &
c.s. meal


Lot VI
Mixture solvent
s.o. meal &
c.s. meal /
aureomycin
supplement


Number pigs
Total initial weight
Average initial weight
Total final weight
Average final weight
Total gain
Average gain
Total pig days
Average daily gain
Feed (total lbs.)
Shelled corn
Protein supplement
Mineral mixture
Feed (average lbs.)
Shelled corn
Protein supplement
Mineral mixture
Feed (lbs. per head daily.)
Shelled corn


10
470
47.0
1995
199.5
1525
152.5
866
1.76

4345
433
34.0

434.5
43.3
3.40


Protein supplement
Mineral mixture
Feed (Ibs. per 100 lbs. gain.)
Shelled corn 281
Protein supplement 2
Mineral mixture


10
460
46.0
2025
202.5
1565
156.5
824
1.90

4180
412
22.5

418.0
41.2
2.25

5.07
0.50
0.027

265.05
26.33
1.44


5.02
).50
).039


4.92
8.39
2.23


Feed cost per 100 lbs. gain* $8.39 $8.14

*Excluding pasture.
Feed prices used: Shelled corn, $50 ton; 41% soybean
Mineral mixture, 100 ton; Aurofac, $0.32 lb.


10
470
47.0
2030
203.0
1560
156.0
936
1.67

4383
468
25.0

438.3
46.8
2.50

4.68
0.50
0.027

280.96
30.00
1.60


10
455
45.5
1970
197.0
1515
151.5
880
1.72

3991
440
28.5

399.1
44.0
2.85

4.54
0.50
0.032

263.43
29.04
1.88


10
455
45.5
2010
201.0
1555
155.5
866
1.80

4057
433
24.0

405.7
43.3
2.40

4.68
0.50
0.028

260.90
27.85
1.54

$7.64


9
425
47.2
1845
205.0
1420
157.8
806
1.76

3895
403
26.0

432.8
44.3
2.89

4.83
0.50
0.032

274.30
28.38
1.83

$8.41


$65 ton; steamed bonemeal,$100 ton;


Table 1-635.


I


oil meal, $80 ton; 41% C.s. meal,











Solvent Prooess Soybean

Lots 1 & 2
S.o, meal


Oil Meal versus Solvent Cottonseed Meal.


Lots 3 & 4
C.s. meal


Lots 5 & 6
Mixture S.o. meal
& c.s. meal


Number pigs
Total initial wight
Average initial weight
Total final weight
Average final Wight
,Total gain
," Average gain
T...--T6tal pig days
Average daily gain

Feed (total)
Shelled corn
Protein supplement
Mineral mixture

Feed (per head)
Shelled corn
Protein supplement
Mineral mixture

Feed (per head daily)
Shelled corn
Protein supplement
Mineral mixture

Feed (per cwt. gain)


Shelled
Protein
Mineral


corn
supplement
mixture


Feed cost per 100 pounds gain* $8.27


* Excluding pasture. See Table 1 for feed prices.


Table 2-635.


20
930
46.5
4020
201.0
3090
154.5
1690
1.83


8525
845
56.5


426.3
42.3
2.83


5.04
0.50
0.033


275.89
27.35
1.83


20
925
46.3
4000
200.0
3075
153.8
1816
1.69


8374
908
53.5


418.7
45.4
2.68


4.61
0.50
0.029


272.33
29.53
1.74

$8.09


19
880
46.3
3855
202.9
2975
156.6
1672
1.78


7952
836
50.0


418.5
44.0
2.63


4.76
0.50
0.030


267.29
28.10
1.68

$8.03


--








Table 3-635. Aureomycin Supplement for Pigs Fed Oil Meal on Pasture.


Lots 1, 3, & 5
No aureomycin


Number pigs
Total initial weight
Average initial weight
Total final weight
Average final weight
Total gain
Average gain
Total pig days
Average daily gain

Feed (total)
Shelled corn
Protein supplement
Mineral mixture

Feed (per head)
Shelled corn
Protein supplement
Mineral mixture


Feed (per
Shelled
Protein
Mineral

Feed (per
Shelled
Protein
Mineral


30
1395
46.5
6035
201.2
4640
154.7
2668
1.74


12785
1334
83


426.2
4477
2i77


head daily)
corn
supplement
mixture

cwt. gain)
corn
supplement
mixture


Feed cost per 100 pounds gain*


4.79
0.50-
0.031


275.54
28.75
1.79

$8.05


Lots 2, 4, & 6
Aureomycin supplement


29
1340
46.2
5840
201.4
4500
155.2
2510
1.79


12066
1255
77


416.1
43.3
2.66


4.81
0.50
0.031


268.13
27.89
1.71


* Excluding pasture. See Table 1 for feed prices.


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