Group Title: Mimeo report - North Florida Experiment Station, University of Florida - 56-6
Title: Steer fattening program for North Florida
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00073283/00001
 Material Information
Title: Steer fattening program for North Florida
Series Title: NFES mimeo rpt.
Physical Description: 13 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Baker, F. S ( Frank Sloan ), 1921-
North Florida Experiment Station
Publisher: North Florida Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Quincy Fla
Publication Date: 1956
 Subjects
Subject: Beef cattle -- Feeding and feeds -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Beef cattle -- Weight -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: F.S. Baker, Jr.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "April 10, 1956."
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00073283
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: oclc - 82952019

Full Text




NORTH FLORIDA EXPERIMENT STATION
Quincy, Florida

April 10, 1956

NFES Mimeo Rpt. 56-6

STEER FATTENING PROGRAM FOR NORTH FLORIDA
by F. S. Baker, Jr., Assistant Animal Husbandman

FEEDS USED
Fattening Feeds
1. Corn
2. Corn substitutes (See Tables 1-7)
Citrus molasses (See Tables 1-3)
Blackstrap molasses (See Tables 4-5)
Citrus meal & Dried citrus pulp (See Table 6)

Protein Supplements
1. Cottonseed meal (See Tables 8-9)
2. Mixed supplements
3. Urea (See Table 8)

Roughages
1. Grass hay
2. Peanut hay !3 -
3. Silages Corn sorghum, grass
Used mostly in wintering rations
4. Cottonseed hulls

Other Supplements
1. Stilbestrol (See Table 10)

CATTLE FED GADSDEN, JACKSON & LEON COUNTIES
Type Medium to choice quality feeder cattle. Majority fed are capable
of grading at least 50% choice when finished.

Source of Stocker Feeder Cattle (April 1. 1954 to April 1 1956)
State Percentage
Georgia 28
Texas Oklahoma 16
Florida 15
Alabama 13
Mississippi 13
Wyoming 7
Tennessee 5
Illinois 1
Misc. (Nebr., S. C., La.) 2
100

Age and Weight
1. Yearlings 600 to 800 pounds, preferably 700 pounds, purchased to go on
feed
2. Calves 350 to 500 pounds, preferably 450 pounds, purchased to go on
pasture. Put in feedlot weighing 650 to 700 pounds.









'SYSTEMS OF MANAGEMENT
1. Place directly on feed yearlings
2. Graze on improved pasture and later finish in dry lot
1. Purchase calves in fall
2. Winter
a. Oats or rye pasture followed by clover
b. Feed grass or corn silage on dry pasture
c. Grass or peanut hay plus some grain on dry grass pasture

Heaviest calves usually ready to go on feed by May 1 at end of clover
season (1/4 to 1/3 calves).

3. Summer
a. Graze improved grass pasture
b. Cut surplus grass during July September for silage and/or hay

Part of cattle ready to go on feed in July (1/3 cattle).

Remainder cattle ready to go on feed by September, Pasture gains are
about over by September 1.

Restock with calves from August to November.

MARKET DEMAND
900 to 1100 pound steers grading U.S. Good and U.S. Choice. Demand is for
carcasses weighing not more than 650 pounds.

ESTIMATED COSTS FEEDING
Starting with 450 pound calf
1/2 acre oats pasture @ $30 acre $ 15.00
1 acre clover-grass pasture @ $20 acre 20.00
1 ton grass silage (or 0.4 ton hay) @ $10 10.00
100 pounds pellets @ $70 ton 3.50
Feed and pasture costs, 12 months $ 48.50
(Cost per 100 pounds gain if gain 300 pounds $16.17)
(Cost per 100 pounds gain if gain 350 pounds $13.86)

750 pound steer in feedlot
250 pounds gain @ $25 cwt. $ 62.50

TOTAL PASTURE AND FEED COSTS TO PRODUCE 1000 POUND STEER. $111.00


FSB
500 cc







TABLE I Replacing One-Half of the Ground Snapped Corn with Citrus Molasses
(Average of 8 trials not weighted)
: B. s. corn Equal parts
---- G.s.corn & c.molas-
: C, s.meal, Hay C.s.meal Hay


Average number steers - - -- :
Average number days - - : 109


Average weights and gains (pounds):.
Initial weight - - - -
Final weight - - - -
Gain --- ----------------
Daily gain -- - -- -

Average Daily ration (pounds):
Ground snapped corn - - -
Citrus molasses - - -- -
41% cottonseed meal - -- -
Hay ------ ---------- ---


Feed consumed per 100 pounds gain (pounds): :
Ground snapped corn - -- -
Citrus molasses - - -
41% cottonseed meal - -- -
Hay - -- - - -
Salt - - - - -
Steamed bonemeal -- -- -- -

*Cost of feed per 100 pounds gain -


9
100


669
886
218
2.02


14.92

2.49
5.36


669
904
235
2.38


9.91
9.91
2.53
3.94


411
411
107
172
1.2
0.9

$19.79


734

125
267
1.6
1.7

$23.44


Slaughter results:
Market weight (pounds) - - -: 865
Carcass weight (pounds) -- - -: 518
Carcass yield (percent) - -- -: 59.89
Average feeder grade - - -: High good
Average carcass grades - - -: 7 choice
2 good
4TFeed costs used were the market prices of the various feeds at
were conducted.


877
531
60.55
High good
7 choice
2 good


the time the tria:








TABLE 2 Replaciri Two-thirds of the Ground snapped corn with Citrus molasses (Average 5 trials Not Weighted)



:Equal weights : Two parts
: G. s. corn : G. s. corn c. molasses
: & Citrus molasses :& one part G.s. corn

A e7 umer ses :-a :
IL~~n V\th~r Z- -- -----------------


Average number days -- - - ---

Average weights and gains (pounds):
Initial weight - - - -
Final weight - - - -
Gain -------------------:
Daily gain - - - -

Average daily ration (pounds):
Ground snapped corn -- ------ -
Citrus molasses -- - - -
41% cottonseed meal -- --------- :
Hay - - - - -

Feed consumed per 100 pounds gain (pounds):
Ground snapped corn - - -
Citrus molasses - - - -
41% cottonseed meal -- -------.- -
Hay -v------ -- ----
Salt - - - - -
Steamed bonemeal -- -- -------

*Cost of feed per 100 pounds gain - -

Slaughter results:
-- Market weight (pounds) - - -
Carcass weight (pounds) - - -
,Carcass yield (percent) --- -
Average feeder grade -- - --
Average carcass grade - - -

*Oeed costs used were the market prices of the


102
102


721
922
201
2.00


722
939
217
2.46


11.28
11.28
2.48
2.96


15.77

2.48
5.25


790

127
264
1.5
1.7


458
458
101
122
1.1
0.9

$20.09


$24.85


894
539
60.22
High good
4 choice
3 good
various feeds at the time ths


714
923
209
2.09


6.53
13.06
2.48
4.14


314
626
120
202
1.5
1.1

$20.79


907 876
552 541
60.84 60.45
High good High good
5 choice 4 choice
2 good 3 good
trials were conducted.







TABLE 3 Replacing Approximately One-third of the Ground snapped corn with Citrus molasses (Average 3

: G. S. corn Equal.weights


* G.s. corn & c. molasses


trials Not Weight

2 parts G.s.c
1 part c. molasses


Average number steers - - - -
Average number days - - -- -

Average weights and gains (pounds):
Initial weight - - - - --
Final weight - - - - --
Gain ---------------------
Daily gain - - - - --

Average daily ratbn (pounds):
Ground snapped corn -- - -------- -
Citrus molasses - - - -
41% cottonseed meal -- - -- --
Hay - - - - --- -- --

Feed consumed per 100 pounds gain (pounds);
Ground snapped corn -- - ------ -
Citrus molasses - -- - - --
41% cottonseed meal - - - -
Hay --- -- - -----------
Salt ------------------------
Steamed bonemeal - - - --
*Cost of feed per 100 pounds gain-------
*^Cost of feed per 100 pounds gain -- -- -- -


8
1i3


100


703
927
225
2.19


16.93

2.46
6.00


776

113
276
1.2
1.3

$23.95


701
943
241
2.39


10.96
10.96
2.46
3.75


457
457
103
157
1.0
0.8


$21.33


8
99


702
935
233
2.35


14.82
6.33
2.46
3.93


630
270
105
167
0.5
1.4

922.54


Slaughter results:
Market weight (pDunds) - - - 915
Carcass weight (pounds) - - - 547
Carcass yield (percent) - -- -- - 59.63
Average feeder grade - - - -- High good
Average carcass grades - - ---- -- 6 choice
2 good
*Feed costs used were the market prices of the various feeds at


930
557
60.00
High good
5 choice
3 good
the time the trials were conducted.


924
557
60.28
High good
6 choice
2 good


--~- --- --1 -


*







TABLE 4 -Citrus Versus Blackstrap Molasses at High Levels in a Fattening Ration (Average of 4 Trials Not Weighted)


Average number of steers - - - -
Average number of days - - - -

Average weights and gains (pounds):
Initial weight - - - - --
Final weight - - - -- --
Gain-----------------------
Daily gain - - -- - -- ---
Daily gain

Average daily ration (pounds):
Ground snapped corn -- ---------- --
Citrus molasses - - - -
Blackstrap molasses -- ------------
41% cottonseed meal -- ---------- ---
Hay -----------------------


Feed consumed per 100 pounds gain
Ground snapped corn - -
Citrus molasses - -
Blackstrap molasses - -
41% cottonseed meal - -
Hay---------------
Salt - -- -- -
Steamed bonemeal - -- -


(pounds):


&Cost of feed per 100 pounds gain - --

Slaughter results:
Market weight (pounds) - - - ---
Carcass weight (pounds) - - - --
Carcass yield (percent) - - - --
Akerage feeder grade - - - -
Carcass grades - - - - -
n.


* Equal Weights
corn & citrus
molasses
96
93


748
963
215
2.30


11.03
11.03

2.50
3.02


480
480

109
131
1.2
0.9


$20.98


953
581
60.92
High good
4 choice
2 good


: Alternate
S Equal weights : citrus & blacks
S corn & Blackstrap : (1 trial)
.molasses ________
6 1 5
116 109


740
965
225
1.94


9.46

9.46
2.50
5.23


489

489
130
271
1.3
0.4


$24.69


788
1010
222
2.04


9.43
4.71
4.71
2.50
4.60


462
231
231
123
225
1.4
0.4

$22.50


955
583
60.93
High good
4 choice
2 good


1010
627
62.11
High good
5 choice


*Feed costs used were the market prices of the various feeds at the time the trials were conducted.


- ------ c"--------


----


:*
*
:








TABLE 5 Adding Limited Quantity of Blackstrap Molasses
(Average 2 Trials Not Weighted)


: Equal weights
: corn & citrus
: molasses


to the Ration


G.s.corn
plus 5 pounds
BlackstraD molassc


Average number of steers - - -
*verage number of days - - -

Average weights and gains (pounds):
Initial weight - - - -
Final weight - - - -
Gain - - - -- -
Daily gain - - - - -

Average daily ration (pounds):
Ground snapped corn - -- - -
Citrus molasses - - - -
Blackstrap molasses -- - -- --
41% Cottonseed meal - - -- -
Hay - - --- - -- -

Pounds feed consumed per 100 pounds gain:
Ground snapped cern - - --
Citrus molasses - -- - -
Blackstrap molasses - - --
41% Cottonseed meal - -- -
Hay - - - - -
Sal-.-----------------
Salt - - - - -
Steamed bonemeal - -- - --

*Feed cost per 100 pounds gain - ---

Lllaughter results:
Market weight (pounds) - - -
Carcass weight (pounds) -- - -
Carcass yield (percent) - -- -
Feeder grade (Average) - - -
Carcass grades (Average) -------- --


*Feed costs used were the market prices of the
the trials were conducted.


5
113


761
994
233
2.52


11.10
11.10

2.50
2.42


442
442

100
97
1.1
0.6

$19.86


994
608
61.20
High good
1 good
4 choice


754
1010
257
2.28


15.52

5.00
2.50
3.02


683

221
ill
111
133
1.3
1.1

$22.78


1010
621
61.45
High good
1 good
4 choice


various feeds at the time


" ----- ----


........ L







TABLE 6 Dried Citrus Puil Citrus Jeal.and Oats in the Ration (Average
Equal weights G.s. corn
G.s. corn and : citrus molasses
c. molasses : Dried citrus pulp :
: :


Average number of steers - - -
Average number of days - - -

Average weights and gains (pounds):
Initial weight- - - - -
Final weight - - - -
Gain -------------------
Daily gain - - -- ---

Average daily ration (pounds):
Ground snapped corn - -- -
Citrus molasses - - - -
Dried citrus pulp - - -
Citrus meal - - - --
Ground oats - - - -
41% Cottonseed meal -- --- -
Hay ------------------- --

Feed consumed per 100 pounds gain (pounds):
Ground snapped corn - - -
Citrus molasses - - - --
Dried citrus pulp - - --
Citrus meal - - - -
Ground oats - -- - -
41% Cottonseed meal - - --
Hay ------------------- -
Salt -------------------
Steamed bonemeal - -
*Cost of feed per 100 pounds gain:
Slaughter results:
Market weight (pounds) - - -
Carcass weight (pounds)- --
Carcass yield (percent) -- ----
Average feeder grade - - -
Average carcass grades - -- -
*Feed costs used were the market prices of the


6
101


723
980
257
2.54


11.61
11.61



2.50
2.82


6
122


727
991
265
2.18


6.70
10.04
3.35


2.50
2.76


308
462
154


115
127
1.2
1.0
$21.28


459
459



99
113
1.0
0.6
$20.46


980
600
61.24
High good
choice
v good
various feeds at the


991
613
61.85
High good
5 cho8ce
Good
time the trials were


2 trials Not Weighted)
G.s. corn : G.s. corn
citrus molasses : citrus molasses
citrus meal : ground oats
: (One trial)
6 5
118 117


725
980
255
2.16


6.76
10.14

3.38

2.50
3.52


313
470

157

117
165
1.1
0.8
$21.68


980
603
61.48
High good
5 choice
good
conducted.


786
1008
222
1.90


5.37
8.59


3.22
2.50
3.59


283
452


169
132
189
0.7
0.4
$22.88

1008
620
61.54
High good
4 choice
1 good








TABLE 7 Maximum Value Various Feeds Based on Results -Obtained in Recent
Feeding Trials at North Florida Experiment Station with Steers
Fed Mostly to the Choice Grade.


: Estimated Values Per Ton Expressed in Percentages of t
.: Cost Per Ton of Grourd Snapped Corn

: When used to replace one- : When used to replace two-
: third to one-half of the : thirds of the ground
: ground snapped corn I snapped corn

Citrus Molasses 84% 39%


: When used to replace appro. When fed in combination
:ximately one-half of the : with citrus to replace a
: ground snapped corn : large part of the corn

Blackstrap molasses 42% 48%


: When used to replace one -:
:third of the corn in a
snapped corn.-in a snapped
:corn-citrus molasses
:ration

Dried citrus pulp 76%

Citrus meal 50%


t '* "a a


present feea prices:
41% Cottonseed meal,


around snapped corn, $40 Ton; Citrus molasses, $27.50;
$60; Hay, $25.







TABLE 8 Urea as a Substitute for One-Half of Oil Meal Nitrogen.
(Average of 2 Trials Not Weighted)


: Lot I
: G. s. corn
: C. s, meal
: Hay


Average number of steers - - -
Average number of days - - -

Average weights and gains( pounds :
Initial weight - - -- --
Final weight - - - --
Gain - - - - -
Daily Gain - - - --

Average daily ration (pounds):
Ground snapped corn - - -
Citrus molasses - - - -
41% cottonseed meal - - -
Urea "262 - - - -- -
Hay-------------------

Feed consumed per .100 pounds gain (pounds):
Ground snapped corn - - -
Citrus molasses - - - -
41% cottonseed meal - - -
Urea '262'" -- - --- -
Hay -------------------
Salt - - - - -
Steamed bonemeal - -- - -


*Cost of feed per 100 pounds gain -
Slaughter results:


13
123


621
867
247
2.02


13.93

2.30

6.44


668

114

320
1.8
2.1


$23.23


Market weight (pounds) - - 854
Carcass weight (pounds), - -- 499
Carcass yield (percent) -- -- 58.41
Average feeder grade - --- High good
Average carcass grades - 11 choice
$ 2 good
*Feed costs used were the market prices of the various


: Lot II
: G. s. corn
: C. s. meal
!Urea "262"'. Hay


13
123


623
868
245
2.01


15.18

1.15
0.172
5.98


751

58
8.7
299
2.3
2.1


$23.13

850
502
59.16
High good
13 choice

feeds at the time the


: Lot III
:Equal parts g. s.
:and c. molasses
: C.s.meal. Hav


13
123


620
894
274
2.27


8.27
8.27
2.44

5.56


357
357
109

256
1.3
1.0


$21.67


878
520
59.36
High good
10 choice
3 good
trials were conducted


: Lot IV
corn :Equal parts g.s.corn
:and c. molasses, C.s.
:meal. Urea"262",Hay


13
123


620
883
263
2.18


8.80
8.80
1.23
0.184
4.98


396
396
58
8.7
241
1.7
1.7

$21.60


870
518
59.60
High good
13 choice


--


. .. . .







TABLE 9 Hydraulic- Versus Solvent-Process Cottonseed Meal
(Average of 2 Trials Not Weighted)

S-Lot I Lot I
: G. s. corn : G. s. corn
:41% c.s.meal : 41% c. s. meal
: (hydraulic) : (solvent)
: Hay : Hay


Average number of steers -
Average number of days -- ----

Average weights and gains (pounds)
Initial weight- - -
Final weight - -
Gain - ------
Daily gain - - -

Average daily ration (pounds):
Ground snapped corn - --
41% cottonseed meal - --
Hay - --- - ----

Feed consumed per 100 pounds gain.
(pounds):
Ground snapped corn - --
41% cottonseed meal -- -----
Hay -------------
Salt - - -----
Steamed bonemeal -- ---- ---

*Cost of feed per 100 pounds 7-in

Slaughter results:
Market weight (pounds) -- --
Carcass weight (pounds) -- -
Carcass yield (percent ) --
Average feeder grade -- -
Average carcass grades ---- -


7
105


724
910
185
1.85


14.82
2.50
4.65


798
137
254
2.1
2.1

$24.50


7
102


726
917
192
1.94


15.86
2.50
5.03


815
130
258
1.7
0.4

$24.48


876
529
60.38
Low choice
5 choice
2 good


*Fced costs used were the market prices of the various
time the trials were conducted.


881
523
59.31
Low choice
8 choice
P good

feeds at the









TABLE 10 Stilbestrol in a Fattening Ration (Average 2 Trials Not Weighted)

S plus
: Control Stilbestrol


Average number of steers - - -
Average number of days - - -

Average weights & gains (pounds):
Initial weight - - - -
Final weight - - -- ---
Gain ------------------
Daily gain - - - ---

Average daily ration (pounds):
Ground snapped corn - - --
Citrus molasses - - --
41% cottonseed meal - - --
Hay - - - -- -----

Feed consumed per 100 pounds gain (pounds)
Ground snapped corn - - --
Citrus molasses -- - -
41% cottonseed meal - - --
Salt -------------- ---
Steamed bonemeal - - -


*Cost of feed per 100 pounds gain -- --


759
980
220
2.38


10.96
10.96
2.50
1.91


467
467
107
81
1.1
1.0

$20.44


762
1007
245
2.66


11.27
11.27
2.50
2.83


428
428
95
108
1.3
0.9

$19.49


Slaughter results:
Market weight (pounds) -- --- -- 980
Carcass weight (pounds) - -- 603
Carcass yield (percent) ---- --. 61.49
Average feeder grade - --- ---. High good
Average carcass grades - --- 4 choice
1 good


1007
615
61.05
High good
3 choice
2 good


*Feed costs used were the market prices of
were conducted.


the various feeds at the


time tne tr:


_ __ ___ ---- ... .r i"








'APIT 11 Limited Feed on Improved Pasture Versus No Feed for Steers
Prior to Finishing on Dry Lot
(Average 3 years Not Weighted)

Fed on Not Fed on
Pasture Pasture
Average number of steers - - - 10 10
Average number of days on pasture -- - 88 88

Average weights and gains (pounds):
Initial weight - - - - 673 673
Final weight - - - - 801 740
Gain - - - - - 128 67
Daily gain - - - - 1.45 0.76

Average daily ration (pounds):
Ground snapped corn - - -- - 2.64 --
Citrus molasses - - -- - 1.33 -----
41% Cottonseed meal - - -- 1.00 -----

Supplemental feed per 100 pounds gain due
to feeding (pounds):
Ground snapped corn - - -- 413 --
Citrus molasses - - - -- 245
41% Cottonseed meal - - - -- 165 -

*Cost supplemental feed per 100 pounds gain -- $17.01 ----

Dry Lot period (two groups fed together):
Number steers - - - - -- 7 7.
Number days - - - - -- 76 78
Average initial weight - - - 807 743
Average final weight - - - 973 931
Average gain - - - - 167 189
Average daily gain - - - 2.21 2.40
Average market weight -- - - 947 905
Average carcass weight - - - 559 534
Average yield (percent) - - - 58.92 58.94
Carcass grades - -- -- -- 5 choice 5 choice
2 good 2 good

*Feea costs used were the market prices of the various feeds at the time the
trials were conducted.




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