Daily national intelligencer

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Material Information

Title:
Daily national intelligencer
Alternate title:
National intelligencer
Sunday national intelligencer
Physical Description:
v. : ; 50-60 cm.
Language:
English
Publisher:
Gales & Seaton
Place of Publication:
Washington City D.C.
Creation Date:
November 14, 1839
Publication Date:
Frequency:
daily (except sunday)[feb. 6, 1865-]
daily[ former 1813-feb. 5, 1865]
daily
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Newspapers -- Washington (D.C.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- District of Columbia -- Washington
Coordinates:
38.895111 x -77.036667 ( Place of Publication )

Notes

Citation/Reference:
Brigham, C.S. Amer. newspapers
Additional Physical Form:
Also available on microform from Readex Microprint Corp., and on microfilm from the Library of Congress.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1, 1813)-
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Ceased in 1869.
Numbering Peculiarities:
Suspended Aug. 24-30, 1814.
Funding:
Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 02260099
lccn - sn 83026172
System ID:
UF00073214:00066

Related Items

Related Items:
Weekly national intelligencer (Washington, D.C.)
Related Items:
National intelligencer (Washington, D.C. : 1810)
Related Items:
Universal gazette (Philadelphia, Pa. : Nov. 1797)
Succeeded by:
Washington express
Succeeded by:
Daily national intelligencer and Washington express

Full Text

















VOL. XXX


, WASHINGTON: WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 16 1842
WASHINGTON: WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1842.


No. 9049.


PUBLISHED BY GALES & SEASON.
TERMS.
DAILY PAPxx--l10 a year--t a month for anysahortertime.
COSuNTr PAPeX- 6 a year-*4 for six months.
PAYABLE IN ADVANCe.

WINTER ARRANGEMENT.
GREAT SOUTHERN UNITED STATES MAIL LINE.
Daily to the South.


T Hi CARS lor Fredericksburg, Richmond, Petersburg,
Raleigh, We!don, Wilmington, and Charleston leave the
Depot, Pratt street, Baltimore, daily at 4 o'clock in the afternoon.

Passengers by thine sp at the hrteana1hiagton, where
an omnibus will call and convey them to the boat free of charge,
where they will lodge.
Passengers for" the South will find this the most comfortable
and cheapest route. It is often twenty-fenar hours in advance of
any other line, and is the only daily line.
PeFor further information and tickets to Weldon, apply at the
office of STOCKTON ; PALLS,
Adjoining the Philadelphia Railroad Office,
Fral piret, Basltimore.
For information at Washington apply te the C.,ptsn on board
the boat at Bradley's wharf., an 31-l--dly
V ERY VALUABLE IMPROVED REAL PROP-
ERTY FOR SALE.-The subscribers have for sale
three valuable three story brick houses in the first ward, well ion-
Caled f.r fdaminily residences., and at uncommonly I w prices, on
e tend.d'Afredirta. One .f the houses fronts on I, west of 21st
saeet ; the other two on 24th street north of PennsylIvaniaavenue.
Eligible vacant lota between 7th and e1st streets, on or near
Pennsylvania avenue, would be taken in exchange.
Please apply early, to JOHNSON & CALLAN,
feh 14 G(eneral Agents
e AL [1 f t) U PUlftJC M IU)i 0kIN OIl, 1 AtNT-
SINGSM.-On Friday next, the 18th instant, at 4 o'clock P.
M., we shall sell at Ailier & Thyson's Rooms, second story, cor-
ner of 4k street and Pennsylvania avenue, a choice collection of
Paintings, consisting in part of 60 handsomely.framed original
marine pieces, landscapes, lake and river views, such as
The Engagement of the U. S. frigate Constitution and
Guerriere
U. S. ship United States and Macedonian
Capture of the British frigate Java
The great ship Pennsylvania, of 130 guns
Delaware, 74 wans, at sea in a strong gale
Also, Views on the Hudson River, State of New York
Do do Delaware River
Do in England, Ireland, and Scotland.
The above Paintings are from New York, and will be positively
sold without reserve for cash.
They will be ready for exhibition on Wednesday morning,
when catalogues may be bad.
fab 14-dtd R. W. DYER & CO.
PPLES of the choicest kinds, from Western New York
Elegant northern Mercer Potatoes
Blood Beets, nice for pickling
White Cabbage, fine for cold.slaugh
Superior Onions, by the barrel, bushel, or bunch
A large quantity of heavy Ship-stuff, Brown-stuff, and Shorts
Oats, Corn Meal, Rye Chop
Corn and Cut Straw
In store at Hoover's block on 7th Street, and for sale at low
prices for current money.
feb ll-eo3w FORD & CHAPMAN, Agents.
OFFICIAL ARMY REGISTER FOR 1842.-
Just published, the Official Army Register for 1842. A
few copies for sale at the Printing Office of
J. & G. S. GIDEON,
feb 15-3t [GlobeJ 9th street, near Penn. av.
AHOGANY AND LIGNUMVITE,.-The sub-
scribers have received and are now ready to deliver a
cargo of St. Domingo MAHOGANY and LIGNUMVITE of
superior quality, which they offer for sale on accommodating terms.
The'Mahogany consists of a well selected assortment of crst-hes
and cannon wood, and the Lignumvitie is as fine a lotas ever was
imported from St. Domingo, Apply to
F.W. BRUNE & SON,
feb 14-d6t Baltimore.
r[HE BANKRUPT LAW, passed 19th August, 1841,
U. with a Commentary, containing a fill explanation of the
Law, and ample referencesto English and American legal autho-
rities. Prepared for popular and professional use, by a Member
of the Philadelphia Bar. In pamphlet form 37 cents, bound 62c.
feb 15 For sale by____ F. TAYLOR.
A N addi.in supplyy of AeHA. Zsut-. a Pocr.. "By a Vrgi-
A nian," is this day received from New York. For sile by
feb 15 F. TAYLOR.
fIV HOMAS DICKSON has filed his petition for the benefit
1 of the Bankrupt Law, whics petition will be heard before
the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sitting in Bank-
ruptcy, in the Court-room in Washington county, on the seventh
day of March next, at 10 o'clock A. M when and where all per
sons interested may appear and show cause, if any they have,
why the prayer of the said petitioner should not be granted. By
order of the Court. Test.
WM. BRENT,
feb 16-3t Clerk Circuit Court, Washington county, D. C.
NOTICE.-By virtue of a writ of fieri facias, issued by
S Charles Murry, Esq. and to me directed, I shall sell at
public sale, on Saturday, the 19th instant, the following goods, to
wit: Nearly one barrel brown Sugar, part of a barrel Molasses,
one box Pipes, one bag Coffee, and some Mustard and Pepper,
seized and taken in execution as the property of James Honey-
well, and will be sold to satisfy a debt udder a warrant due to
Thomas Jordan.
Sale opposite the Centre Market-house, north, to commence at
9 o'clock A. M. Terms of sale cash.
feb 14-3t H. B. ROBERTSON, Const.
YLVAN US HOLMEIS has filed his petition for the bene-
Sfit of the Bankrupt Law, which petition will be heard before
the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sitting in Bank-
ruptcy, in the Court-room in Washington county, on Monday,
the seventh day of March next, at 10 o'clock A. M., when and
where all persons may appear and show cause, if any they have,
why the prayer of the petitioner should not be granted.
By order of the Court.
Test: WM. BRENT,
Clerk Circuit Court, Washington county, D. C.
feb 14-3t
I HOMAS COOK has filed his petition for the benefit of
.the Bankrupt Law, which petition will be heard before the
Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sitting in Bankruptby,
in the Court-room in Washington county, on Monday, the seventh
day of March next, at 10 o'clock, A. M., when and where all per-
sons may appear and show cause, if any they have, why the
prayer of the petitioner should not be granted. By order of the
Court.
Test: WM. BRENT, Clerk.
feb. 14-31t
FFICIAL REGISTER, published by order of Con-
gress, of all officers and agents in the service of the United
States, civil, military, and navsl.
Just published and for sale at MORRISON'S Bookstore, four
doors west of Brown's. feb 14
& ARLY I4E'S Heroes, Hero Worship, end the Heroic in
History, in six Lectures, by Thomas Carlyle, second Ame-
rican edition, f vol. Von Schleget's Lectures on the Philosophy
of History, translated from the German, 2 vols. Natural History
ofSociety, by W. Cooke Taylor, 2 vols; Guizot's History of Civ-
ilization, from the Fall of the Rsman Empire to the French Re-
volution, translated from the French of Guizot, Peer of France,
1 vol. Professor Smyth's Iecture on Modern History, edited by
Jared Sparks, 2 vwls. Hora'ce Walpole's Letters, 4 vols. new
edition. Parables, translated from the German of Krummacher,
1 vol. Just received, and for sale by F. TAYLOR,
* feb 4 Immediately east of Gadsby's.
C REMONA VIOI1N .-W.'FISCHER has just received
for sale an old Oremona Violin, warranted genuine, and
made by the celebrated Stradearius; price osly *100. The
owner's continued sickness prevents him from using it; other-
wise it could not be purchased for *500. feb 2
F R ENCH FANCY ARTICLES.-W. FISCHER has
just received from the Importer, on consignment, two cases
of beautiful Fancy Articles, which he will sell at the invoice
prices. Ladies and gentlemen are invited to an examination of
them at Stationers' Hall. lfeb 2
J UST PUBLISHED BY MORRISON, Rev. R. R.
Grriey's Mission to England in behalf of the American Co-
lonization Society, containing ; Origin of the Mission, Resolutions
of New York Society, Arrival in London, Letters to the Execu-
tive Committee, Niger Expeditian, causes operating against a cor-
dial co-operation with the American Colonization Society, final
impressions, facts, and much more too numerous for the limits of
an adsertesement, jan 31
UME AND SMOLL.ET'S HISTORY OF
ENGLAND, CHEAP, a beautiful London edition,
complete for 98 dollars, with portraits of both authors, and a com-
prehensivo and valuable index. Imported, a few copies only, by
jan 31 F. TAYLOR.
L AND ]FOR 8ALE.-The subscriber offers at private
sale a large tract of Land lying in Prince George's county,
Maryland, about ten miles from Washington and eight miles
from Alexandria. The roads from Washington to Notting-
ham, from Alexandria to Upper Marlborough alnd Nottingham,
from Uoper Marlborough to Piscataway, and many others, pass


through this tract, which has been recentlysurveyed and divided
into small farms of two hundred and three hundred acres each.
A portion of this tract consists of very valuable timber and wood
land, not more than five or siU miles from Upper Marlborough,
a.li iningt ihe estates ofR. D. Sewall and Richard West, Esquires.
This land willI be sold very low, and on a credit of from Boneto ten
years, upon the purchaser giving satisfactory security.
Any application, itade in person or by letter, to the subscriber,
near Bladenaburg, or to John Calvert, Esq., residing at Mount
Airy, within two miles of the land, will be promptly attended to;
and the land will be shown to any one disposed to purchase, by
JohnCafvert, Esq.
jose 16- 2av tf CCARLES B. CALVERT.
Fr BHE NAVAL REGISTER for 18-14 is [saileat
A MORRISON'S Bookstore, eob 14


CONGRESSIONAL.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
MONDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1842-In continuation.

Of the Petitions and Memorials presented in
the course of this day, the following have been
brought to the special notice of the Reporter :
By Mr. BROCKWAY : Remonstrance of sundry inhabitants
of New York city against postponement, amendment, or repeal of
the bankrupt law.
Also, petition of 106 inhabitants of the county of Windham, in
the State of Connecticut, praying for the abolition of slavery in
the District of Columbia; that nO new slave State be admitted in-
to the Union ; and against any act which binds the free States to
the support of slavery.
By Mr. BOARDMAN: Petition of J. J. Ilour and 38 others, of
Birmingham, praying a revision of the tariff, to secure the home
market for American labor and reciprocity in exchanges abroad.
Of Legrand Scofield and 60 other [persons, of the city and
county of New York, praying a revision of the tariff, with a view
to reciprocity of trade with foreign nations.
Of R. M. Pearson and 86 others, for the repeal of all laws, &c.
binding the people of the free States to support slavery.
IDT R. M. Pearson and 126 others, against thte-adoiption of any
rule, vote, or usage infringing the right of petition.
Of Jehiel Forbes and others, ship owners, &c. praying the
establishment of a beacon on the southwest ledge in New Haven
harbor.
By Mr. HUDSON : Petitions of W. H. Humphrey and others;
of Almira Humphrey and others; of Joanne K. Ballun and
others ; of Ass Hunting and others ; of Jona Grant and others ;
all of Millbiury, Massachusetts, in relation to slavery and the re-
cognition of Hayti.
Mr. HASTINGS moved to take from the files the petition of
Asa Clark, and to refer the same to the Committee on Revolution-
ary Claims. Ordered accordingly.
By Mr. BRIGGS: Petition of Jno. Whitney and others; of
Samuel Gates and others; of Henry W. Taft and others ; of
Zenas Crane'and others; of Charles Sedgwick and others; of L.
K. Strickland and others ; oh Samuel Jones and others ; all ci-
tizens of the county of Berkshire, Massachusetts, for the reduc-
tion of letter postage, and the abolition or restrictionof the frank-
ing privilege.
By Mr. CHITTENDEN: Petition end other papers of Dexter
Hungertford, of New York, praying to be discharged from his li-
ability to the United States as surety of Solomon White.
Also, various remonstrances of citizens of the county of Jef-
ferson, against enforcing the late treaty with the Seneca Indians.
Also, sundry remonstranceas from Jefferson and other counties,
in the State of New York, against any interference with the bank-
rupt law at the present session of Congress.
Also, numerous petitions from citizens of the counties of Jef-
ferson and Oswego, praying for the fortification and protection of
Sackett's Harbor.
By Mr. ROOSEVELT: Several remonstrances from several
hundred citizens of New York, against any amendment, postpone-
ment, or repeal of the bankrupt law.
Also, the proceedings of a numerous meeting of the merchants
and others, held at the exchange in the city of New York, in favor
of the amendment or repeal of the bankrupt hlw.
Also, three several petitions from sundry inhabitants of the city
of New York, praying for such a revision of the tariff as will pro-
tect domestic industry and establish reciprocity of commerce.
Also, the petition of 350 free colored seamen, citizens of New
York complaining of certain regulations in the ports of some of the
Southern States and of Cuba, and praying Congress to protect
their rights as citizens, &c.
Mr. STANLY asked what was the character of the petition,
and if it did not come from blacks 7
The SPEAKER said, yes.
Mr. STANLY hoped it would he entered on the journal what
was the character of the petition, and who presented it. He
thought it ought to be referred to the ex-Governor of Virginia,
(Mr. G &..lE,) that he might consider the propriety of a resolu-
tion of censure, as it came from one of his friends.
Mr. ROOSEVELT also presented a petition of a large number
of the principal shipping merchants of the city of New York, on
the same subject.
By Mr. FILLMORE: Petition of citizens of Erie county, New
York, praying for the reduction of the pay of members to $6 per
day, as a means of shortening the sessions and improving the
character of the House.
Petition of citizens from New York for an appropriation for a
harbor at Milwaukie, Wisconsin Territory.
Petition from citizens in New York praying that grain to be
ground, wool to be carded, and cloth to be dressed, may be im-
ported without duty from Canada.
Remonstance against a repeal of the Bankrupt law, by citizens
of Niagara county, New York.
Petition of citizens engaged in the manufacture of iron for an
increase of duty on thesame.
Memorial from citizens of Baoston, Erie county, New York,
as to the American citizens in Van Dieman's Land.
By Mr.' McCLELLAN. of New York: Petition of Silas A.
Stone and others, of the city of Hudson, N. Y. praying a revision
of the tariff laws.
-By Mr. GRANGER : The petition of citizens of the State of
New York for further protection to the manufacturers of win-
dow glass.
Of citizens of Clhatauque county, New York, for an appropria-
tion to repair the works connected with the beacon-light at
Dunkirk.
Of citizens of New York against compelling postmasters to
open their offices on Sunday.
Of Ossian Clark, of Oswego, New York, on the subject of
weights.
Of citizens of Victar, New York, against the repeal, postpone-
ment, or alteration of the bankrupt law ; of citizens of Geneva,
New York, on the same subject; of Havana, New York, on the
same subject ; of Livingston, New York, on the same subject; of
the city of New Yomk, on the same subject.
By Mr. MORGAN: Two petitions from citizens of Cayuga,
Wayne, and Onondaga counties, New York, for the extension of
mail route 749.
Of 52 citizens of Cayuga, for a harbor at Southport, Wisconsin ;
also, a petition for a harbor at Little Sodus, New York.
Remonstrance of citizens of Canajoharie, New York, against
the repeal of the bankrupt law.
Petition of Persis Morgan for a pension.
By Mr. LINN, of New York: The petition of Panchita Gar-
cias, widow of Joseph Garcias, who was murdered in Florida on
the 15th of February, 1840, by the Indians, while engaged in
carrying the United States mail, and praying for certain indem-
nity and relief. .
By Mr. TOMLIN6ON: The petition of Amass Owen for ar
rears of payment as a soldier of the last war, while a prisoner.
Of Henry Watrip, of Moore's, Clinton county, New York, for
compensation for damages sustained in the non-performance of a
contract with the United States.
Of 75 citizens of different towns in the counties of Essex and
Clinton, New York, praying for an increased duty on the impor-
tation of foreign iron ; of 214 citizens of Plattsburg, New York,
on the same subject, and to repeal all laws exempting railroad
iron from duty ; of 36 citizens of Saranac, Clinton county, New
York, on the same subject; of 175 citizens of Keenville, New
York, on the same subject; of 98 citizens of Black Brook and
Au Sable forks, New York, on the same subject; of 25 citizens of
Au Sable forks, on the same subject; of 25 citizens of New Swe-
den, Clinton county, New York, on the same subject; of 43 citi-
zens of Essex, Essex county, New York, on the same subject; of
110 citizens of Willsborough and Essex, New York, on the same
subject ; of 73 citizens of Peru, Clinton county, New York, on the
same subject; of 150 citizens of Jay, Essex county, New York,
on the same subject.
Remonstrance of certain citizens of Plattsburg, New York,
against the repeal or postponement of the bankrupt law; also,
from Westport, New York, on the same subject.
Remonstrance of certain citizens of Piatisburg, New York,
against the importation of foreign iron free of duty for the use of
steamboats.
Mr. TOMLtrqeSOtN remarked that the petitions presented by him
on the subject of the increase of duty on the importation of foreign
iron were signed indiscriminately by citizens of his district, with-
out distinction or regard to party.
By Mr. YORKE: The petition of Lewis Reed and 14 others;
ofA.H. Hag and 119 others ; of Lewis Mulford and 45 uthera; of
Henry W. Jones and 46 others, all of New Jersey ; and of Joseph
E. Miller and 22 others, and John Maraden and 28 others, of
Pennsylvania, manufacturers of glass bottles and other hollows
glass ware, praying an increase of duty on those articles.
By Mr. RANDOLPH : The petition of manufacturers of glass
in New Jersey.
The petition of citizens of Rahway, New Jersey, asking protec-
tion for domestic manufactures ; of iron manufacturers of Sparta,
New Jersey, on the same subject.
Petition of Henry Freeman for a pension.
Petition of John H. Brown and others against the repeal of the
bankrupt law.
Six petitions from citizens of Newark, New Jersey, on thesub-
jact of slavery, admission of Hayti, against the 21st rule, admis-
sion of Florida, alteration of the Constitution, and slavery and the
slave trade in the District. |The reception of all that did not come
within the rule excepted to, and laid on the table, except the one
from Hayti, which was referred to the Committee on Foreign
Affairs.]
By Mr. SIMONTON : The memorial of 110 citizens of Leba-
non county, Pennsylvania, zealously urging upon Congress the
importance of giving its fostering care to the iron manufacture and
trade of this country1 as a vital source of national end individual
prosperity and independence.
By Mr. TOLAND: Nine petitions of citizens of Philadelphia,
asking for prompt action in relation to an increased duty on iron.
Of insurance companies of Philadelphia for a mail route along
the beach from Cape Hatteras to Norfolk.
Of merchants of Philadelphia, asking for the purchase of the
banking house of the United States for a custom-house.
Three petitions of citizens of Philadelphia for amendment or re-
peal of the bankrupt law, and one remonstrating against the re-
neal of the same.


By Mr. HENRY ; The petitions of 403 ciizens of Pittsburg,
praying that the conveyance of the mail on the Sabbath may be
prohibited, and against the breach of the Sabbath.
The petitions of 434 citizens of Washington county, similar to
the above.
The petition of William Palmer and 800 citizens of the city of
Pittsburg, praying for a modification of the law establishing a uni-
form system of bankruptcy.
The petition of a number of citizens of Bradford county, Penn-
sylvania, remonstrating against any interference with the bank-
rupt law.
Four petitions from a number of citizens of Indiana and Cam-
bria counties, praying for a post route from Indiana via Mechanics-
burg and Armagh, to Johnstown, in Pennsylvania,


Also, a document and papers to support the petition of Robert
Milligan, who prays for a pension.
Mr. RUSSELL presented the memorial and petition of some
250 or 300 citizens of the county of Bedford, Pennsylvania, on the
subject of the tariff.
Mr. R. said: A majority of the memorialists, Mr. Speaker,
are personally known to me. They are respectable farmers,
mechanics, merchants, manufacturers, and professional men, and
of all political parties existing there.
The memorialists represent the distressed state of the country
as to the currency, and attribute that distress, in a great measure,
to the operation of the act of Congress of 1832, called the com-
promise act. They pray that the operation of that act, as to any
further reduction of duties, may be arrested, and that a new tariff
maybe established, embracing the principle of discriminating
duties for the encouragement and protection of domestic manu-
factures and home industry.
Mr. COOPER, of Pennsylvania, presented a remonstranse
from citizens of Chambersburg, against the repeal of the bank-
rapt law.
SAlso, certain testimony in relation to the claim of General T. C.
Miller.
A petition of Adam Wirt and others, praying for the abolition
of slavery in the District of Columbia.
Mr. W. W. IRWIN presented the petition of George Cochran
and numerous others, merchants, manufacturers, mechanics, &c.,
of the city of Pittsburg, in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania,
representing all parties, and praying that Congress pass into a
law the exchequer bill reported by the Secretary of the Treasury,
and for the adoption of the measures recommended by the Exe-
cutive for their relief.
The petition of Freeman and Miller and divers other citizens
of Pittsburg aforesaid, of like tenor.
The memorialof A. Fulton and divers others, of the farmers,
laboring men, merchants, manufacturers, mechanics, artisans,
&c., of Allegheny county, in said Commonwealth, of all political
parties, respectfully praying Congress to arrest the progress of
the compromise act of 1832, and for the establishment of a new
tariff, embracing the principle of discriminating duties for the en-
couragement and protection of domestic manufactures.
A similar memorial from H. Ewalt and divers other of the
farmers of said county, to the same effect.
A similar memorial from James Reeder and divers other of the
farmers, &c. of said county, to the same effect.
A similar memorial from C. Yeager and divers other of the
farmers, &c. of said county, to the same effect.
The proceedings of the Home League Convention of said
county, field at Pittsburg on the 4th instant, and of which General
William Marks, late Senator of the United States, was president.
The proceedings of a putlie meeting, without distinction of
party, held at the same place on the 5th instant, and of which the
Hon. William Wilkins, late Minister to Russia, was presidact,
called by the Mayor of said city, at the request of the Board of
Trade, to take into consideration the subject of a protective tariff.
The memorial of the Rev. S. M. Sparks and other citizens of
Pitt township, in said county, praying the repeal of all laws re-
quiring or sanctioning labor on the holy Sabbath, particularly that
part of section nine, in an act passed April, 1810, and re-enacted
March, 1825, making it the duty of postmasters at reasonable
hours, on every day of the week, to keep open their offices and
deliver letters, &c.
A like memorial from William Brotherton and divers other citi-
zens of Pittshurg, to the same effect.
A remonstrance of a great number of the citizens of Pittsburg,
against any interference with the bankrupt law, either by amend-
ment, postponement, or repeal.
A like remonstrance, signed by John Dillon and 112 other citi-
zens of Erie county, in said Commonwealth, to the like effect.
The memorial of David Williams, a citizen of Pennsylvania,
respectfully presenting to Congress for their serious and careful
consideration, the scheme and plan of a currency proposed, as sta-
ted in a memorial of the Hon. Thomas H. Baird, with rules, regu-
lations, and restrictions proposed by said memorialist.
Resolutions adopted by the Senate and House of Representa-
tives of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, on the 15th of Janu-
ary, 1842, urging the passage of the apportionment law at an early
period, so that it may not be necessary to hold an extra session of
their Legislature ; which were laid on tl'e table, and ordered to
be printed.
Mr. BIDLACK presented the following petitions not hereto-
fore noticed : From citizens of Ca'rbondale for a repeal of all
laws sanctioning labor on the Sabbath.
A petition from Carbondale against a repeal of the bankrupt
law.
A petition of Srah Eckhart fora pension.
A petition for a mail route from Shockshing to Columbus, in
Pennsylvania; for a mail route from Cambria to Shoekshing; for
a mail route from White Haven, via Port Jenkins, to Beaumont;
from citizens of Monroe county for a post route from Stroudsburg
to Bushkill, in Pike county; from citizens of Wayne county, for
a mail route from Honesdale to Pleasant Mount, Wayne county.
A petition of Samuel Helome for relief.
By Mr. SOLLERS: Memorial of Elizabeth Palmer and Mary
Whitmere, praying for arrears of pay due for services rendered
by their brother, a soldier of the Revolution.
By Mr. JAMES W. WILLIAMS: Petition of Sundry citizens
of Harford county, Maryland, for the removal of obstructions at
the entrance of the harbor of Havre de Grace, in that State.
By Mr. POWELL : A memorial of the president and directors
of the Bank of Potomac and of the Farmers' Bank of Alexandria,
praying an extension of the privilege of receiving and paying out,
for a further limited time, the notes of non-specie paying banks.
A petition of sundry citizens of the town of Alexandria, pray-
ing the alteration of certain laws of the District of Columbia in
relation to iudicial proceedings within the county of Alexandria.
Petition of sundry citizens of the town and county of Alexan-
dria, praying that provision be made by law requiring that one of
the judges of the circuit court of the District of Columbia shall
reside in the said town.
Petition of the Common Council of the town of Alexandria, in
the District of Columbia, in relation to thie establishment of a
marine hospital in said town.
By Mr. MALLORY: The petitions of Mrs. Gates and Mrs.
Monroe.
Mr. HARRIS asked that the petition of the heirs of Nathaniel
Ashby, praying for commutation pay, be taken from the files of
the House, and, together with the additional testimony which he
then presented in support of that claim, be referred to the com-
mittee on Revolutionary Claims.
By Mr. GOGGIN : The resolutions of-the Legislature of the
State of Virginia, instructing her Senators and requesting her Re-
presentatives in Congress to ask a further appropriation of lands
to satisfy outstanding Virginia Military Land Warrants to the of-
ficers and soldiers of the Revolutionary Army.
By Mr. A. H. H. STUART, of Virg.inia: The petition of sundry
citizens of the Western Judicial dist, ict of Virginia, praying that
the salary of the judge of that district may be increased.
By Mr. WASIIINGTON, of North Carolina: The petition of
Louis Gordon, a disabled seaman, praying for a pension,
By Mr. WILLIAMS, of North Carolina: The petition of James
King and others, of Louisiana, praying relief for injury sustained
by them in the purchase of sundry tracts of land, Ac.
By Mr. HABERSHAM : Two petitions from F. W. Heineman,
administrator of Capt. John Jackson, deceased, praying relief.
By Mr. MEDILL: Petitions from 211 citizens of Ohio, praying
the establishment of a mail route from Adelphi, in Ross county,
via Perrystown, to Logan, in Hocking county.
Petition of the heirs of John H. Talbott, ofPerry county, Ohio,
praying an appropriation to satisfy a bounty land warrant issued
to the deceased, the lands set apart for that purpose having been
exhausted.
Various depositions, taken with the view of establishing the
claim of the heirs of Patrick Cavatnce, of Perry county, for pro-
perty lost during the Revolutionary war.
Also, resolutions of the Ohio Legislature, instructing their Se-
nators and requesting their Representatives in Congress to use
their exertions to have the law passed at as early a day as possible
apportioning the representation in Congress among the several
States. And,
Resolutions from the same quarter, in favor of an appropriation
at the present session for the establishment of an hospital at
Cleveland.
By Mr. MASON, of Ohio: Of sundry citizens of Ohio, for an
appropriation to continue the Cumberland road.
Of William Sims, for a pension.
Of 40 voters of Round Head, Hardin county, Ohio, in favor of
maintaining the right of petition unimpaired. Rejected.
Of 48 voters of the same place, for the abolition of slavery in
the District ofColumbia. Rejected.
Of 45 voters of the same place, for the abolition of slavery in
the Territory of Florida. Rejectetl.
Of 38 voters of the same place, for the repeal of all laws by
which the free States, or the nation, are required to protect sla-
very. Rejected.
Also, four petitions from 275 citizens of Green county, Ohio,
in favor of the imposition of protecting duties.
Also, sundry petitions from citizens of Green county, Ohio, on
the subject of slavery and the right of petition. Rejected.
By Mr. GIDDINGS: The petitions of 0. P. Brown and 45
others, of Clarendon; of Porter Converse and 18 others, of Union-
villa ; of Philemon Winckston and 3-2 others, of Paineasville; of
A. Dart and 30 others, of Conneaut; and of E. C. Root and 70
others, of Jefferson ; all of Ohio, and praying Congress to estab-
lish a northern judicial district in that State.
Of Julius N. Mixer and 43 others, praying an appropriation for
the purpose of erecting a harbor at Cuaningham's creek, Lake
county, Ohio.
OfT. Jake and 32otbers, of Conneaut, Ohio, against the repeal
of the bankrupt law.
Of Milton Sutliff and 130 others, praying Congress to take mea-
sures for obtaining the admission of the wheat and flour of the
United States to foreign ports upon terms of reciprootty.
Of Thomas C. Turney and 92 others, of Orleans county, pray-
ing such regulations of the mails as to exempt Postmasters from
opening mails on the Sabbath.
Of B. B. Stodard and 50 others, of Unionville, and of T. Jake
and 30 others, of Conncaut, Ohio, against the repeal of the bank-
rupt law.
Mr. G. said he had many petitions in his drawer respecting the
subject of slavery, which he trusted at some future day would be
received and acted on.


By Mr. ANDREWS, of Ohio; The petition of 335 citizens of
Ohio for a marine hospital at Cleveland.
Also, remonstrances of24 citizens of Medina county, 52 citizens
of Cleveland, 24 citizens of Summit county, 60 citizens of Cuya-
hogs county, 37 citizens of Lorrain county, 58 citizens of Medina
county, and 72 citizens of Summit county, in the State of Ohio,
against the postponement or repeal of the bankrupt law.
Also, tho petitions of 47 citizens of Sumamit county, 36 citizens
of Cleveland, 12 citizens of Medina county, and 32 citizens of
Portage county, Ohio, praying for a new district for the courts of
the United States in the State of Ohio.
Also, petitions of 70 citizens of Lorrain county, Ohio, and of
14t1 other citizens of Ohio, praying for the repeal of all laws of
the United States which require or sanction labor on the Sabbath.
Also, several petitions and remonstrances connected with the
subject of slavery, which were either excluded by the rule, or to


which the question of reception was raised, and they were laid
upon the table.
By Mr. MATHIOT: The petition of Charles B. Goddard and
other members of the Bar of Muskingum county, Ohio, praying
an increase of the salary of the district judge for the district of
Ohio.
Also, the petition of Peter Lionbarger, of the county of Lick-
ing and State of Ohio, praying compensation for a team lost during
the late war.
Also, the petition of Octavius Lasere and 41 other citizens of
Muskiogum county. Ohio, praying the establishment of a mail
route from Zanesville, in said county, by Baxter and Bealmear's
Cross Roads, to Frrzeysburg.
Also, the remonstrance of Nathan King and 102 other citizens
of Licking county, Ohio, against any amendment, postponement,
or repeal of the bankrupt law.
Alas, the remonstrance of William Graves and 45 other citizens
of Licking county, Ohio, to the same effect.
Also, the remonstrance of John Metcalf and 68 other citizens
of Muskingum county, Ohio, against the annexation of Texas to
this Union.
ByMr. RIDGWAY: A petition from Adam Haas and 29 other
legal vcters of Marlborough, Delaware county, Ohio, praying
Congress to repeal the act of February 27, 1801, or so much of
it as authorizes the existence of slavery in the District of Co-
lumbia, and repeal all laws authorizing the buying and selling
of slaves in said District, or to remove the Seat of Government
to some place where such practices do not prevail. This petition,
coming within the 21st rule of the House, was not received.
Also, a petition, from nearly the same signers, respectfully ask-
ing Congress to abolish slavery in the Territory of Florida, in
such manner as not to violate the stipulations of the treaty of
cession. Within the rule, and not received.
Also, a petition, from the same individuals, praying for an al-
teration of the Constitution, by which the free States may, in no
way, be implicated in the institutions of slavery in the slave
States. This petition was also not received, it coming within the
21st rule.
Also, a petition of Liza Rose, the widow of Jacob Rose, de-
ceased, a revolutionary soldier, praying Congress to continue to
her the pension which was allowed to her husband during the
latter part of his life. Referred to the Committee on Revolution-
ary Pensions.
By Mr. ARNOLD: The memorial of Cornelius Hughls, a citi-
zen of Green county, Tennessee, and a soldier of the late war,
praying, for reasons stated in the memorial, to be placed on the
invalid pension roll.
Mr. A. also presented the memorial of Charles Gass, a citizen
of Green county, in the State of Tennessee, and a soldier of the
late war, praying that he may be allowed pay for a period of time
from tke 19th of December, 1813, until the 11th of May, 1814,
while he was a prisoner in Canada during the late war between
the United States and Great Britain.
Mr. A. also presented the memorial of William Usury and va-
rious other persons of White county, in the State of Tennessee,
praying that the bankrupt law may nut be repealed, postponed, or
amended until it has a fair trial.
Mr. A. also presented the memorial of Samuel Martin, of Camp-
Sbell's station, on the subject of national defences, harbor, &oc
the bankrupt law, domestic industry, and the general prosperity
of the Union.
Mr. A. also presented the memorial of John M. Kennedy and
various other persons of tha city of Philadelphia, praying that Mr.
J. Q. Adams may have one month to prepare his defence against
the accusations contained in Mr. MARSHALL'S resolutions, and
that his defence may be printed for the use of the members of this
House.
Mr. A. also presented the memorial of William K. Blair, pen-
sion agent at Jonesborough, Tennessee, asking that be may be
allowed, for reasons therein stated, office fees and compensation
for his services, as such agents have heretofore received none,
and having necessarily been put to considerable expense in keep-
ing their office.
By Mr. C. H. WILLIAMS: A memorial from the Legislature
ofthe State of Tennessee, asking Congress to establish a Naval
depet and dock-yard at Memphis, in the State of Tennessee.
By Mr. THOMPSON, of Indiana: Memorial from the Lcgis-
lature of Indiana, asking an appropriation for the completion, as
speedily as possible, of the unfinished works designed to render
more safe and secure the harbor of St. Joseph's, en Lake Michigan.
Memorial from the Legislature of Indiana, on the subject of
granting pensions to the surviving officers and soldiers who serv-
ed in Wayne's campaign ; and aleo asking that the rules of evi-
dence in the War Department may be so altered that widows of
pensioners may not be required to prove the services of their de-
ceased husbands.
Memorial from the Legislature of Indiana, on the subject of a
reserved township of land in Gibson county, in said State.
Petition from sundry citizens of Lawrence county, Indiana,
praying the repeal of the act establishing a uniform system of
bankruptcy.
Petition of sundry citizens of Crawford county, Indiana, remon-
strating against a bankrupt law, retroactive in its operation.
Petition from sundry citizens of Evansville, Indiaua, remon-
stratinaagaianst any interference with the bankrupt law, either by
amendment, postponemena, or repeal.
Memorial from tho Mayor and Common Council of Michigan
city, Indiana, praying an appropriation for the completion of the
harbor at said city.
Petition of sundry citizens of New Albany, Indiana, praying
that the General Government purchase of Captain Henry M.
Shreve iris patent for the snag-boat which hie has invented, andl
for an appropriation for the removal of obstructions to navigation
in the Miississippi, Missouri, and Arkansas rivers.
By Mr. CASEY : Proceedings ofa large meeting of the citi-
zens of Clark, Coles, Edgar, and Crawford counties, held at Mar-
shall, in the State ofIllinois, in relation to the completion of the
National Road, in said State.
Mr. C. also presented various other petitions.
By Mr. STUART, of Illinois : The memorial of the Mayor
and Aldermen of the city of Chicago, Illinois, praying an appro-
priation for the completion of the harbor of said city.
The memorialists state that no other city in the Union of equal
age, shows the same unexampled rise in commercial distinction;
that eight years since the pioneers found there a wilderness; that
the present population of Cook is 11,000, and that thie city of
Chicago contains from 5 to 6.000 inhabitants; that the average"
imports of the city amount annually in value to 1,500 000 dollars,
and the exports within the last year amount to 348,362 dollars,
and that a monthly average of 150 vessels enter and leave the
harbor; that the total of imports since 1836 would amount to
7,473,259 dollars. In 1836 the exports amounted only to 1,000
dollars, while in 1841 they reached 348,362 dollars, showing the
increase in five years to be in the ratio of from 1,000 dollars to
348,362 dollars, or equal to 347,000 per cent.; that there were
exported during the last year 282,000 bushels of wheat, 50,000
barrels of beef, pork, and flour, 18,591 hides, 50 tons of lead,
8,750 pounds of butter, 1,300 packs of fur, with a proportionate
quantity of flax, cern, beans, hams, &c.; that, by the 1st of May
next, unless an appropriation be made and the harbor repaired,
their commerce will be without a shelter, and human life and
property endangered to a lamentable extent; that during the last
year 19 vessels have suffered shipwreck on Lake Michigan, 8 of
which have proven total losses, and eleven human beings perish-
ed, and that no less than an average of twelve shipwrecks have
annually occurred on that Lake.
Petition from citizens of Knox, Warren, and Fulton, for mail
route between Hartford and Burlington.
The petition of citizens of Whitesides county, Illinois, praying
thie establishment of a mail route from Fulton city, Illinois, to
Iowe city, Iowa Territory.
A memorial asking the assent of Congress to the sale of 16th
sections in Illinois.
The petition of 125 citizens of McLean county, Illinois, asking
the repeal of the bankrupt law.
The petition of the Latter-day Saints, praying Congress for a
redress of certain grievances therein set forth.
The petition of citizens of Southyard and Beloit, praying for a
mail route between said points.
The petition of 235 citizens of Illinois, against the repeal of
the bankrupt law.
The petition of citizens of Illinois, for the establishment of a
mail route from Chicago to Iowa city, Iowa, by way of Dixon,
Sterling, and Ubany.
Of citizens of Illinois and Iowa, praying the establishment of a
mail route from Dixon, Illinois, to Iowa city.
The petition of 90 citizens of Tazewell county, Illinoie, against
the repeal of the bankrupt law.
The petition of citizens of Illinois, for mail route from Intent,
Will county, to Dundee, Kane county, Illinois.
Ofcitizena of Illinois and Iowa, for mail route from Knoxville,
Illinois, vice Millersburg, to Bloomington, Illinois.
Of citizens of Morgan county, for mail route from Jacksonville,
Illinois, to Pekin via Princeton, Job Chandler's, Bush, and Havana.
The petition of a large number of citizens of Illinois, in favor
of a protective tariff.
By Mr. HUBARD: The petition of Oliver H. Branch, pray-
ing Congress to redeem a large sum of continental paper, paid
him during the Revolutionary war for military services.
By Mr. WHITE, of Louisiana: Resolutions of the General
Council of the city of New Orleans, as well as of municipalities
No. 1 and No. 3, protesting against any extension of the port.
Mr. W. also submitted the memorial of E. Gonon, praying to
be reimbursed hlis expenses in making experiments in the tele-
graph. Mr. W. said it was his wish to move its reference to a
select committee; and, if it were in order, snI evir-aly proper,
he would state, as briefly as possible, why h.- lh...,i,,. of taking
that course, rather than the usual one of sending the subject to a
standing committee. Several members signifying their desire to
have the reasons, Mr. W. explained. The proposal was then
agreed to by tho House, and the special committee ordered.
By Mr. MOORE: A transcript of proceedings had in the case
of John Landensau vs. Coxe & Turner, Ounchita, Louisiana, con-
taining evidence in relation to the "m Maison Rouge" claim for
land. Laid on the table and ordered to be printed.
Also, documents in relation to the land claim of Eugene Borel.
By Mr. DODGE, of Iowa Territory t A joint preamble and
resolutions of the Council and House of Representatives of Iowa,
praying Congress to make a donation of land to the inhabitants of
the Half breed tract, in Lee county, I. T., equivalent in amount
to the 16th section, of which they have been deprived.
A memorial from the same body, praying Congress to make an
appropriation to defray the expenses growing out of the dispute
between the authorities of the United States, within the Territory
of Iowa. and the State of Missouri, in the years of 1838, '39, and


'40, in relation to the southern boundary of the said Territory.
A memorial from the same body, praying that immediate steps
may be taken, to extinguish the title of the Sac and Fox Indians
to the whole or a part of their lands within the Territory of Iowa,
Sand have the same thrown open to settlement as soon as may be.
Memorial from the same body, asking Congress to make an
appropriation to complete the Penitentiary therein partly erected.
S A joint resolution of the two Houses of the Legislative Assem-
Sbly of the Territory of Iowa, requesting their Delegate in Con-
gress to use his influence to obtain an appropriation of twenty
thousand dollars to defray the expenses of a convention for the
formation of a State constitution for liM future State of Iowa.


A petition numerously signed by inhabitants of the central
counties of Iowa, representing that they suffer great inconvenience
for want of a mail route, which shall cross the Mississippi at some
point equi-distant between Dubuque and Burlington, and praying
Congress to establish a route from Chicago, Illinois, via Dixon
and New Albany, in said Stale, to Camanchee, I. T., thence via
Vandenburg, Tipton, Cedar river Post-office, to Iowa city, in
Johnson county, Iowa Territory.
A petition numerously signed by citizens of Whitesides county,
Illinois, and of Clinton, Cedar, and Johnson counties, in Iowa,
praying Congress to continue routs No. 2,820, from Pulton city,
Illinois, to Iowa city, Iowa Territory, via Lyons, Independent
Grove, the county seat of Clinton county, &c.
From citizens of Washington county, Iowa Territory, praying
the establishment of a mail route from Iowa city, via Richmond,
Washington, Brighton, and Fairfield, to Keosanqua, in Van Buren
county, Iowa Territory-.
From citizens of Clark and Van Buren counties, in Missouri
and Iowa, praying the establishment of a weekly mail route from
Alexandria, near the mouth of the Des Moines, in Clark county,
Missouri, via St. F,'ancisville and Waterloo, in Missouri, thence
to Farmington, Lexington, Beilasport, and Keosanqua, in Van
Buren county, Iowa Territory.
Prom citizens of Lee county, Iowa Territory, praying the estab-
lishment of a mail route from Fort Madison, in Lee county, via
Franklin to Farmington, in Van Buren county, Iowa Territory.
From citizens of the same county, asking the establishment of a
route from Keokuck, in Lee county, via Ambrosia, Franklin, and
Tuscarora, to Mount Pleasant, in Henry county, Iowa Territory.
A petition numerously signed by citizens of Missouri and Iowa,
praying the establishment of a mail route from Palmyra, in Mis-
souri, via Monticello and Waterloo, to Keosanqua, Iowa Territory,
thence by Fairfield, Washington, and Iowa city to Dubuuue, Iowa
Territory.
A petition signed by many citizens of Lee county, Iowa Terri-
tory, praying Congress to pass a law for re-running the northern
boundary line of the tract of land set apart for the nse and benefit
of the half-breeds of the Sac and Fox nation; so as to make the
same correspond with a due east line from a point 100 miles
north of the mouth of the Kansas river."
Two petitions, signed by many citizens of the same county, re-
monstrating against any interference on the part of Congress with
the said line.0
A petition from citizens of Iowa, praying for the establishment
of a mail route from Alexandrmla, in Missouri, via St. Francieville,
Sweet Home, Farmington, Bonaparte, Bentonsport, and Keosau-
qua, to lowaville, Iowa Territory.
Two petitions from citizens ot Lee county, Iowa Territory, pray-
ing the establishment ofa mail route from Keokuck, via West Point,
MeCarverstown, and Mount Pleasant, to Iowa city, the seat of gov-
ernment of said Territory.
Two petitions from citizens of same county, praying the estab-
lishment of a mail route from Keokuck, via Ambrosia, Franklin,
Tuscarora, and Mount Pleasant, to Iowa city, Iowa Territory.
From citizens of Henry county, Iowa Territory, asking the es-
tablishment of a mail route from Keokuck, via West Point, MoCar-
verstown, and Mount Pleasant, to Iowa city.
From citizens of Washington county, Iowa Territory, asking
the establishment of the same mail route.
ATALOGUE OF 300,000 VOLUMES.-The
Catalogue of Books, in one volume ofthe extraordinary bulk
of 2,100 pages, recently published by Henry G. Bohn, Nos. 4 and
5 York street, Covent Garden, London, exhibits a stock of more
than 300,000 volumes, in every department of literature, and in
most languages, with the prices annexed, and numerous bibliogra-
phical notices. It has been presented to various public libraries
in thie United States, where it may be referred to.
Orders for Books, and communications for Henry G. Bohn, may
be addressed to him as above, and sent direct to London, or to the
care of Messrs. Goodhue & Co. New York, and to whom also re-
mittances may be made for his account, feb 9-d4mc4m
Y AUTHORITY OF A DECR5E of the Circuit
Court of the District of Columbia, the subscriber will sell
at public auction, to the highest bidder, on Monmday, the 28th day
of February next, sale to commence at II o'clock A. M. all the
following mentioned lots and premises,lying and being in George-
town, in thIe District of Columbia, constituting the real estate of
which thIe late William Mackey died seized and possessed in said
District:
Part of lot No. 10, in Georgetown, fronting 26 feet 10 inches on
the east side of High street, by 202 feet in depth, with improve-
ments, being the late residence of Mr. Mackey.
Lot No. 1, in Thos. Beall's addition to Georgetown, fronton the
south side of Gty street.
The eastern half of Lot No. 1, in the slip, fronting on the soath
of Gay street.
The three-story brick dwelling-house, and lot appurtenant
thereto, fronting on West street, and now occupied by Captain
Morton.
Parts of lots 92 and 93, in Beall's addition, with a small frame
house thereon, fronting on the north side of Basil street.
The western half part of lot No. 213, in Beall's addition to
Georgetown, fronting thirty feet on West street, and adjoining the
property of Charles Dean.
The sale will be held at the time aforesaid, at E. S. Wright's
Auction Rooms, Georgetown, and be made on the following terms,
viz. One-fourdl of the purchase money shall be paid in hand at
the time of sale, and the residue in three equal payments at
eight, sixteen, ani twenty-four months, the purchasers to give
their bonds for the deferred payments, bearing interest from the
day of sale, with an approved surety or sureties.
The Trustee reserves the right to resell at the risk of any pur-
chaser who may neglect for more than ten days to comply with
the terms of sale. JOHN MARBURY,
jan 27-3tawts Trustee.
7 DOLLARS RIEWARD.--Ranawayfrom herowner
11 in this city, on Thursday, the twelfth of the present
mouth, negro woman LAURA. Said negro woman is about the
medium size, 19 years of age, of a light black complexion, low
forehead, small eyes, round face, small breast& and Inas remark-
ably large feet and ankles: she also lisps a little, particularly
when embarrassed by questions. She is an accomplished housemaid
and seamstress, and will probably change her name, and endea-
vor to get employment in that line. Shie has an auntin Georgetown
beloging to Mr. Henry Mat.hews, and another relation living
v.ith Mr. Berry of that place. She also has many acquaintances
in Washington.
The above reward will be givenfor her apprehension wherever
taken, if delivered to the subscriber in Washington.
T. C. WILSON,
aug 25-dtf Constable.
J FFERSONTON ACADEMY.-The next annual
session of this Institution will commence on the 15th Jan-
uary, 1842, and terminate on the 15th December following, with
a vacation of one month in summer. The course of instruction
will embrace Greek, Latin, Geometry, Mensuration, Algebra,
Navigation, Surveying, Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, Arith
metic, English Grammar, &c. &e.
From a long acquaintance with the thorough method of teach-
ing, and the indefatigable industry of the present Principal, Mr.
C. Burnley, we can confidently recommend him to the patronage
of parents and guardians.
Terms--Board, including all charges and tuition, with the
Principal, ten months, $100.
By order of the Board,
F. FISHBACK, Secretary.
r The subscriber willbe prepared to accommodate ten board-
ers : others can be accommodated convenient to the Academy.
Letters addressed to me, Jeffersonton, Culpeper, Va will be
promptly attended to.
jan 18-tf CALEB BURNLEY.
ECKLOFI''P"S Merchant Tailoring and Fashionable
C Clothing Stores, Pennsylvania avenue, opposite Brown's
Hotel, and between 12tb and 13th streols, south side. The Pub-
lie are respectfully informed that they can find, at all times, at
the above well-known establishments the best and most fashionable
ready-made clothing ever offered in this District. Every article
is cut and made under his immediate superintendence, and can
therefore, without risk of disappointment, be warranted to be
equal, in every instance, to ordered work.
I would invite the attention of all in want of superfine fashion-.
able .1.i *ri.. lt and examine my assortment, and am confi-
dent Ai il .: r-jmounced superior to any in Washington. The
prices shall be low, for the quality and make o'f the goods.
He is always prepared to make to order, at the shortest notice,
.. ,i, ie. *f .f. very description.
-I,1 .:i of fancy articles, draws, undershirts, &c. is select
and complete. feb 9---o2w
C GAHS, CIGAtS.-The subscriber lirs just received
a large invoice of Cigars, to which he invites the attention
of retailers and others. They consist, in part, of the following
kinds :
10,000 Industria, spotted
30,000 do Bustomente
19,000 El Laberienta
10,000 Principe, Perez.
Also, a small lot of half Spanish.
The above cigars are all aid, and will be sold very low for cash.
JAMES P. MeKEAN,
Cigar, Snuff, Tobacco, and Fancy Store, No. 1l, east of Gad-by's
feb 4-eo6t nHotel, Penn. av.
CORDON'S DIGEST OF THE LAWS 01" THE
UNITED STATES, including an abstract of the ju-
diclal decisions relating to the Constitutional and Statutory Law ;
by Thomas F. Gordon, Esq., counsellor-at law. Just received a
ew copies, (edition of 1841.) For sale by F. TAYLOR.
feb 9
MS EeCGER POTATOES,trom tlhe State of Maine.
l- The cargo of Potatoes advertised a few days ago by Capt.
Tariton are now in my cellar, and can be had at the same prices,
viz. For B00 bushels, 371C. w,
For 100 do 40
Less quantity, 42
PR. A. DODGE,"
jan 13--eofw. Georgetown.
N OTICE.--Pursuant to a decree of the Circuit Superior
Court of Law and Chancery for the county of Southampton
and State ef Virginia, and to mo directed, bearing date November
4. 1841, 1 am instructed to advertise in the Richmond Enquirer,


and in the National Intelligencer, published in Washington, that
there is a fund now remaining under the control of thIe Court due
to Nathan Buster and wife, Thomas Rieves, James I. Wade and
wife, John T. Rieves, Sterling Rieves, Sterling C. Winslow, Rid-
ley Porter, Joel Porter, Jacob F. Porter, and Charlotte Porter,
and they are requested to come forward and receive the sums de-
creed to them respectively, and comply with the conditions of the
order for distribution. Members of Congress in whose district
those persons reside will confer a favor on their constituents by
giving the earliest information to them.
dec 24-eotf EEDWARD BUTTS.
EBSTER'S DICTIONARY, large, in 2 vols. is for
sale at MORRISON'S for the publisher, feb 14


TWENTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS.

TUESDAY, FiEBRUARY 15, 1842.

IN SENATE.
The, PRESIDENT of the Senate laid before the body
a communication trom the War Department, in compliance
with a resolution of the 10th instant, calling for a survey of
theNorth and Northwestern Lakes, submitting the survey of
the Topographical Engineers.
The following memorials and petitions were presented and
appropriately referred :
By Mr. TALLMADGE: From citizens of Troy, New
York, asking the reduction of the pay and mileage of mem-
bers of Congress, and fixing the time of adjournment when
not provided for by law.
By Mr. STURGEON: From citizens uf Bradford coun-
ty, Pennsylvania, for the establishment of a certain mail
route.
By Mr. EVANS: From William K. Weston, asking
that a bond deposited by him in the Treasury may be can-
celled.
By Mr. CALHOUN: From citizens of Charleston, S. C.
asking for the establishment of a mail route from Aiken to
Greenville.
By Mr. McROBERTS: From Seth M. Leavenworth,
asking indemnification for losses sustained by the annulment
of a contract for carrying the mail.
By Mr. MILLER: From citizens of Warren county, re-
monstrating against postponement, amendment, or repeal of
the bankrupt law.
Mr. GRAHAM, from the Committee of Claim', made
an unfavorable report on the petition of the heirs of Ephraim
Briggsa.
On motion of Mr. BENTON,
Resolved, That the Committee on the Library be instructed
to inquire what disposition ought to be made of the remaining co-
pies of the Sixth Census which have been placed in the Library
of Congress subject to the order of Congress.
Mr. CLAY said that several days ago he intimated his In-
tention of offering various resolutions upon various matters of
public moment. It was not his intention to have them consi-
dered at this time, but merely to have a day fixed for their
consideration. As was usual upon such occasions, he had
consulted with his friends as to the resolutions. With most
of them there was a concurrence of opinion. With two or
three, in reference to one of the resolutions, there was a di-
versity of opinion, which he hoped would be reconciled during
the discussion.
The resolutions are in the following words, viz.
1. Resolved, That it is the duty of the General Government,
for conducting its administration, to provide an adequate revenue
within the year to meet the current expenses of the year; and
that any expedient, either by loan or Treasury notes, to supply,
in time of peace, a deficiency of revenue, especially during suc-
cessive years, is unwise, and must lead to pernicious conse-
quences.
2. Resolved, That such an adequate revenue cannot be obtain-
ed by duties on foreign imports without adopting a higher rate
than twenty per cent., as provided' for in the compromise act,
which, at the time of its passage, was supposed and assumed as a
rate that would supply a sufficient revenue for an economical ad-
ministration of the Government.
3. Resolved, therefore, That the rate of duties on foreign im-
ports ought to be augmented beyond the rate of twenty per cent.
so as to produce a nett revenue of twenty-six millions of dollars-
twenty-two for the ordinary expenses of Government, two for the
Payment of the existing debt, and two millions as a reserved fund
for contingencies.
4. Resolved, That in the adjustment of a tariff to raise an
amount of twenty-six millions of revenue, the principles of the
compromise act generally should be adhered to; and that espe-
cially a maximum rate of ad valorem duties should be established,
from which there ought to be as little departure as possible.
5. Resolved, That the provision in the act of the extra sea-
sion for the distribution of the proceeds of the public lands, re-
quiring the operation of that act to be suspended in the contin-
gency of a higher rate of duty than twenty per cent., ought
to be repealed.
C. Resolved, That it is the duty of Government, at all times,
but more especially in a season such as new exists, of general
embarrassment and pecuniary distress, to abolish all uselessin-
stitittions and offices, to curtail all unnecessary expenses, and to
practise rigid economy.
7. Resolved, That the contingent expenses of the two Hlouses
of Congress ought to be greatly reduced ; and the mileage of
members of Congress ought to be regulated and more clearly de-
fined.
8. Resolved, That the expenses ef the judicial deptmurent of
Government have! of late years, been greatly increased, and
ought to be diminished.,
9. Resolved, That the diplomatic relations of the United States
with foreign Powers have been unnecessarily extended during
the last twelve years, and ought to be reduced.
10. Resolved, That the franking privilege ought to be further
restricted, the abusive uses of it restrained and punished, the
postage on letters reduced, the mode of estimating distances more
clearly defined and prescribed, and a small addition to postage
made on books pamphlets, and packages transmitted by the mail,
to be graduated and increased according to their respective
weights.
11. Resolved, That the Secretaries of State, of the Treasury,
of War, and of the Navy Departments, and the Postmaster Gen-
eral, be severally directed, as soon as practicable, to report what
offices can be abolished, and what retrenchments ofpublic expen-
diture can be made, without public detriment, in the respective
branches of the public service under their charge.
Mr. CLAY named Thursday week as the day for their
consideration; but said he was disposed to consult the wishes
of the Senate in regard to the time. He would propose the
day named if there were no objections.
Mr. CALHOUN suggested that on that day the Senate
should resolve itself into Committee of the Whole on the
state of the Union. The resolutions proposed a violation of
the compromise act, and an entire change of various mea-
sures, all of which were most important.-
Mr. CLAY had no objection to the suggestion if the Sen-
ator from South Carolina desired it. He did not mean to an-
ticipate discussion, but, when the subject came up, be should
endeavor to show that the measure was no violation of the
compromise act. He was sure he could show this, or at any
rate should make the effort. When the resolutions came up,
the Senate could then act upon the motion, to go into
committee of the whole.
The resolutions were then ordered to be printed.
Mr. MERRICK'S resolution to the fAllowing effect was
then taken up:
Resolved, That the following be added to the 20th rule of the
two Houses: No amendment which proposes to appropriate
money not called for by some pre-existing law shall be made in
either House to any general appropriation bill."
The resolution was opposed by Mr. SMITH of Indiana.
and advocated by Messrs. KING and MERRICK, when
Mr. CLAY said he was in favor of the principle of the reso-
lution, but thought it needed some modification, and there-
fore moved to lay it on the table; which motion was agreed to.
On motion of Mr. SEVIER, it was ordered that the does-
menis of George Duvall be referred to the Committee on In-
dian Affairs.
On motion of Mr. BENTON, it was ordered that Henry
Gratiot have leave to withdraw his papers from the files of
the Senate.
The resolution submitted some days since by Mr. KING,
fixing the-day of adjournment, was then taken up; when
Mr. KING thought that sufficient time had elapsed to en-
able Senators to fix upon a day of adjournment. He thought
there should be a movement in one House or the other, and
it was as proper that it should originate here as in the other
House. Ifa day was not fixed, we should be here until the
last of July, and we should present the spectacle of an almost
interminable session. He hoped there would be no more
delay, and that the resolution might be suffered to pass.
Mr. CLAY said that the proposition was to fix a day of
adjournment three months and a half in advance, and the
proposition originated in that branch of Congress where a
day of adjournment could be agreed upon at any moment
when the other House was ready for it. The state of pub-
lic business was not such as to fix upon a day as yet. We
were but in the vestibule of the public business as yet. He
did not see the slightest advantage in this, and he must re-
peat the motion to lay the resolution upon the table; but
withdrew it at the instance of Mr. HENDERSON.
Mr. HENDERSON hoped the motion to lay the resolu-
tion upon the table would not revail, and he hoped, more-
over, that the resolution would be adopted. There was a
practice growing up here for interminable and everlasting
debate. If a day of adjournment was fixed, the public busi-
ness would be regulated in reference to it.
Mr. CALHOUN also hoped the resolution woulj be as-
cepted. We had been in session nearly ever since this Ad-
ministration came into power, and ten months Congress
would be in session if the resolution did prevail, including the
extra session. He would vote for the resolution with the
greatest pleasure, and hoped it would prevail.
Mr. CLAY renewed the motion to lay upon the table.
Mr. KING called for the yeas and nays, and the motion
was sustained by the following vote:
YEAS-Messrs. Bates, Berrien, Choate, Clay, Clayton,
Evans, Graham, Huntington, Mangum, Merrick, Miller, More-


head, Phelps, Porter, Prentiss, Rives, Simmons, Smith, of Ind.
Southard, Tallmadge, White, Woodbridge-21.
NAYS-Messrs. Allen, Barrow, Benton, Buchanan, Calhoun,
Fulton, Henderson, King, Linn, Pierce, Sevicer, Smith, of Con-
necticut, Sturgeon, Tappan, Woodbury, Young-16S.
THE BANKRUPT LAW.
On motion of Mr. BENTON, the bill to postpone the ope-
ration of the bankrupt law to the 1st of July next was taken
up for consideration, and considered as in Committee of the
Whole; and there being no motion to append, it was reported
to the Senate.
The question being Shall the bill be engrossed for a third
reading the yeas and nays were demanded and ordered.
Mr. RIVES said, before the question was taken, he folk







called upon to say a word or two. He had voted against the
law originally, and had voted for the repeal. Ide had not
been convinced, by all his sympathies for the sufferings of the
unfortunate and by all the reasons heard in its favor, that the
law was a just one. He held himself ready now to vote for
amendments tothe law if they should be proposed, or for the
repeal of the law if the question should again come up for
consideration in the Senate. He could not, however, con-
tent that the country should be agitated again in regard to
this question. In a full Senate the vote had been taken up-
on the question of repeal, and it seemed to him that nothing
was to be gained by postponement. He should, therefore,
vote against the proposition to postpone the operation of
the law.
The vote was then taken upon the engrossment of the bill,
and the bill was lost by the following vote:
YEAS-Messrs. Allen, Benton, Buchanan, Calhoun, Pulton,
Graham, King, Linn, McRoberts, Pierce, Sevier, Smith, of
Connecticut, Sturgeon, Tappan, Walker, Woodbury, Wright,
Young-18.
NAYS-Messrs. Barrow, Bates, Berrien, Cheats, Clay, Clay-
ton, Evans, Henderson, Huntington, Kerr, Mangum, Mcrrick,
Miller, Morehead, Phelps, Porter, Preston, Rives, Smith, of In-
diana, Southard, Tallmadge, White, Woodbridge-23.
On motion of Mr. CLAY, the Senate'took up the joint
resolutions submitted by him, proposing to amend the Con-
atitution of the United States by restricting the veto power.
Mr. MOREHEAD (a reportof whose speech may appear
hereafter) contended, in defence of the resolutions which
had been submitted proposing a restriction of the veto power,
that the framers of the Constitution contemplated amend-
ments to the Constitution, and had, in the instrument which
they had framed, pointed out the way by which amendments
could be established. Mr. M. then replied at length to the
argument of the Senator from South Carolina, (Mr. PfIEs-
TONJ,) and the argument of the Senator from Pennsylvania,
(Mr. BUOHANAN,) both of whom had spoken at length in
opposition to the contemplated amendments.
The argument of the Senator from Pennsylvania on the
veto power was fully considered and combatted, as .well from
its origin as from its progress. The illustrations in Roman
history cited by the Senator from Pennsylvania were consi-
dered at some length, and the conclusion drawn from these
precedents that the veto power was hostile to the principles
of democracy and the goad of the people. The precedents in
our own Government were also referred to, and the Senator's
views in reference to them answered. It was said by the
Senator from Pennsylvania that the veto power was opposed
by Whig Senators, because it had been so recently exercised,
and in a manner offensive to the friends of the Administra-
tion in Congress. They were not, it was argued, in a con-
dition to act wisely and cautiously in reference to this great
question, in consequence of this power. Supposing this
to be true, the Senator from Kentucky thought he had a
right to draw the same inference in reference to the opinion
and action of the Senator from Pennsylvania. The veto power,
not only by the present Executive but by his predecessors, par-
ticularly Gen. Jackson, had been exercised in a manner pecu-
liarly in harmony with the views of the Senator. His
wishes had been gratified in the defeat of measures which had
been defeated by the exercise of the veto power, and the con-
clusion was quite as natural that it was approved by him for
those reasons, as the conclusion of an opposite character, that
it was opposed because Senators had been defeated in their
favorite measures by the exercise of the veto power.
Mr. MORcEEAD next compared notes with the Sena-
tor from Pennsylvania, for the purpose of showing what he
conceived to be a change of opinion in regard to Executive
power. The report of the Senator from Pennsylvania and
others in 1826, in regard to Executive patronage, was cited
beside the speech of a few days since, for the purpose of show-
ing a change of sentiment in reference to the extent and in-
fluence of the Executive.
The Senator denied the assertion of the Senator from Penn-
sylvania, that the power had never been so exercised as to
endanger the liberties of the People of the United States ;
and, in answering this argument, the origin of the power was
discussed, and its abuses considered in general and in detail.
The State constitutions were referred to where there was no
veto power, and the Senators representing these States appeal-
ed te, to show that there had been jio abuse of power like that
attributed to the Legislature. If, too, in the passage of the
six thousand acts of Congress, the veto power had been exer-
cised but twenty times, as stated by the Senator from Penn-
sylvania, he submitted to that gentleman whether this fact
showed any disposition on the part of Congress to encroach up-
on the powerofthe Executive. The bills vetoed were name
for the purpose of showing that there had been no encroach-
ment upon the Executive power, while on the other hand
there had been an abuse of power by the Executive in an
interference with the Legislature.
The state of feeling in reference to this power in England
was also considered. The people of England were jealous
of their liberties. The voice of Parliament there was the
voice of the nation. But here the President exercised the
power not only when laws were improper, in his opinion, but
when they were regarded by him as merely inexpedient. H'
did not believe in this exercise of power. Ha agreed with
Gerry, and Mason, and Franklin, that this one-man power
was not in unison with our form of Government. He pro-
tested against this exercise of power at all, except when the
will of the Executive could be overruled by the will of all
of the Senators and Representatives of the People. The veto
power had sadly departed from its original design. In theory
only was it conservative, and in practice it was tyrannical
The theories of the power and the practices of it" were consi-
dered and stated with great force by the Senator, for the pur-
pose of showing that there was no harmony between the
theory and the practice. However well meant its origin was,
its use had been of the most dangerous character. As cer-
tain as this People loved liberty and hated despotism, they
would either eradicate this power from the Constiiution, or
modify it in the form recommended in the resolution of his
colleague.
Mr. M. having closed-
On motion of Mr. BERRIEN, the Senate went into Exe-
cutive session, and soon after adjourned.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The Journal of yesterday was read and approved.
PATENTS.
On leave given, Mr. McCLELLAN, of New York, sub-
mitted a motion that 5,000 extra copies of the report of the
Commissioner of Patents be printed for the use of the House.
Mr. SMITH, of Virginia, would be glad, he said, to hear
a single reason why this motion should be agreed to.
Mr. McCLELLAN said that the report contained very va-
luable information in relation to the agricultural statistics in
different States, compiled from the recent census, and from
other sources of information. It was a very important docu-
ment, and lie hoped that no objection would be made to his
motion. He would himself have been in favor of printing
10,000 copies, as, he repeated, the report contained very va-
luable information which would be useful to the country.
Mr. THOMPSON, of Indiana, moved to amend the mo-
tion by striking out "five" and inserting "ten" thousand.
Mr. McCLELLAN accepted the amendment as a modifi-
cation of his own motion.
Mr. TRIPLETT called for the reading of the resolution
as modified; which having been read-
The question was taken, and the resolution, as modified,
was adopted.
Mr. LINN, of New York, on his own motion, was ex-
cused from further service as a member of the Committee on
Expenditures in the Department of War.
The reason assigned by Mr. L. for this motion was that
his other duties on committees engrossed his whole time.
DISTRICT BANKS.
Mr. UNDERWOOD rose and asked leave to state two
facts, to which he begged the House to listen, as the basis of
a motion he was about to make.
No objection being made-
Mr. U. proceeded. On the first day of March, the banks
of this District would be prohibited from using the paper oh
non-specie paying banks. They could not after that time
pay it out, and, of course, they could not receive it. The
effect would be, that every dollar due by the people of this Dis-
trict would be converted by the banks into a special demand,
and they would have to pay upwards of two millions of
specie.
There was a bil before the House postponing the time
when this exaction on the people of this District was to be
made until the lst day of March, 1843. If the House in-
tended tu pass that bill, he asked that it be now taken up.
Messrs. S.rEENR.OD, MALLORY, and other gentle-
men objected.
Mr. UNDERWOOD, supoosing (he said) that the House
did not intend to throw the District into such a condition,
moved a suspension of the rules for the purpose of taking up
the bill.
Mr. SMITH, of Virginia, asked the yeas and nays on that
motion.
Mr. SU '1MERS inquired of the Speaker what was the
regular business of the morning hour I
The SPEAKER said it was the report of the Select Com-
mittee on Retrenchment.
Mr. S. moced that the House proceed to the regular
business.


The SPEAKER said that the gentleman from Kentucky
(Mr. UNDERwoOD) had submitted, as he had a right to do,
a motion to suspend the rule ; and the question was on that
motion.
Mr. UNDERWOOD said the House could dispose of the
bill before they could take the yeas and nays on the motion
to suspend the rule; and, as he did not wish to waste the time
of the House, he would withdraw his motion.
So the motion to suspend the rules was withdrawn.
A message was received from the President of the United
States, by the hands of JOHN TYLER, Jun. Esq., hia Private
Secretary.
REPORT ON RETRENCHMENT.
The business of the morning hour was the report hereto-
fore made by Mr. SUMMERS, from the Select Committee
on Retrenchment, and which concludes with a series of
resolutions, of which the first is in the following words :
Resolved, That the Clerk of the House be, and he is hereby
authorized to continue in his office the services of the three assist-
ant clerks authorized by resolutions adopted by the Houtse on tihe
6th day of March, 1826, and the I Ith day of October, 1837, in ad-
dition to the six assistant clerks now authorized by law, at the an -
nual salary now received by them, respectively; and that he em-
ploy no greater number ef assistant clerks at any time in his office,
unless permitted so to do by an order or resolution of the House.
Mr. SUMMERS (chairman of the committee) said he
presumed it would be the pleasure of the House to consider
h he reoplutioas separately. He would move a verbal amend-
/


merta to the, first resolution, to strike out the word "three,"'
and after the word assistant" insert" as." This committee,
(Mr. S. continued,) charged with the examination of the con-
tingent expenses of the House, and with the duty of ascer-
taining and reporting to the House whether, in the opinion
of the committee, a greater number of persons were engaged
in the service of the House than were required by the public
service, had performed that duty with an economical view to
the services of the House, and with a due and fair regard to
the interests of the persons employed. It was not his purpose
to detain the House with an elaborate account of the labors
of that committee, as they were fully explained by the report;
he referred to the report, showing the number of clerks em-
ployed in the House of Representatives, and the authority in
the several cases. Besides the chief clerk, there were six
clerks authorized by acts of Congress, three by resolutions of
the House, and two not authorized by resolution or acts of
Congress. These two came into the service of the House,
or at least were first known, by the appropriation bill of De-
cember, 1838. They were not specifically named in that
bill, and it was only known that they were provided for by
the fact that the amount of this bill was E3 i 1tt mote than
that of former bills. These clerks were in no other manner
recognized as in the service of the House. One ofthe clerks
authorized by the resolution of 1826 seemed to have been em-
ployed only as a temporary clerk. The committee simply
proposed that the three clerks authorized by resolution should
be continued in the service of the House, together with the
six authorized by law, and that no other be employed without
the order of the House. The opinion of the committee was,
that the present number of clerks, as recognized by law and
resolution, was sufficient during the recesses of Congress.
They therefore proposed simply to legitimate those already in
the service, and provide that the clerk should not at his plea.
sure introduce into the service of the House other clerks.
Presuming that the report of the committee had been looked
into by the members of the House, he would not trespass on
the time of the House. Hithought that the resolution fur-
nished an ample clerical force as a permanent provision ; and
if, at any time, it was necessary that the number should be
enlarged, it should be with the knowledge of the House.
Mr. GORDON moved so to amend the resolution as to
provide that the Clerk of the House be authorized to continue
the number of assistant clerks now employed in his office,
and which have been engaged therein since 1838. [As neither
this amendment, nor the modification of it which was subse-
quently made, could be found on the Journal, the Reporter
is only able to give the substance of them ]
Mr. G. said he would ask why, at this time, a war was
made against twoclerks of this House l He understood they
were necessary; and it struck him that there was some other
reason for this than retrenchment and reform. He thought
the present number of clerks was necessary to transact the
public business, and we should not begin to reform here. He
would not raise a war against the clerks of this House that he
might have the fame of being in favor of retrenchment. He
had no doubt but there were officers in this Government
whose salaries were too high, and he would go to cut them
down. The very first object of" reform under this reforming
Administration was a war against two deputy clerks of this
House.
Mr. FILLMORE said he did not rise to enter into this
debate, but to ask the mover of this amendment to specify the
number of clerks. It would otherwise hereafter become a
question of fact how many clerks were now in the service of
the House, as referred to in the resolution. He therefore
suggested some expression should be made that should clear-
ly indicate the number intended.
Mr. GORDON, in accordance with this suggestion, then
modified his amendment so as to provide that the Clerk cont-
tinue the services of three assistant clerks, as authorized by
the resolution of the Hcktse of 1826, and of two assistant
clerks now employed in his office, who have been engaged
therein since 1838.
Mr. WM. C. JOHNSON said he had taken occasion to
make a very strict inquiry into the duties of the clerks of the
House. In 1838 he had the honor of being on the Commit-
tee of Accounts, and made a report on the subject of the con-
tingent fund and the officers employed by the House. He
came then to the conviction that the number of clerks employ-
ed was not too many. He was convinced then, as now, that
the number of clerks employed was not too great for the effi-
cient discharge of the public business; and impressed with
that conviction then, with the multiplication of business in-
creasing every year, he was still convinced that the number
was not too great. If, under the new apportionment, the
number of Representatives was increased, the duties of the
clerks would b- increased. In the present state of business
their whole time was occupied, and there was no man con-
nected with this Government that labored so hard as the
clerks ofthis House. Under this full conviction, he should
vote for the amendment of the gentleman from New York ;
and he thoUght, if gentlemen would examine the duties of
these clerks, multifarious as they were, they would reach the
same conclusion,
Mr. WISE said, the other day, when this resolution was
before the House, he had thought that there was an express
authority of law for the employment of these two clerks, and
he had since that time been confirmed in that opinion. In
1136 Congress passed an act making appropriations for the
salaries of certain officers therein named, and for other pur-
poses; from which he read. That act provided generally for
the salaries of officers anlhorized by law, and prohibited ap-
propriations for extra officers, providing that, when express
appropriations were made by law for the employment of-lerks,
such employment should not be deemed to be extra within the
meaning of the act. Then the question arose whether these
two appropriation b'lls, authorizing the employment of these
clerks, were express appropriation bills or not. The neact of
1838 appropriated $40,000, and the next act of January, 1839,
appropriated 843,400. By reference to the estimates of that
act they would find that two additional clerks were proposed,
accounting for this additional appropriation. This was un-
questionably a specific and express appropriation, and they
could include it in this appropriation bill without violating
any principle whatever. He vished to inquire of the gentle
man who introduced these resolutions (Mr. SUMMERs) what
salary he proposed for the assistant postmaster of this House.
He could nut ascertain from the report made.
Mr. SUMMERS said that, so far as the examination of
the committee had enabled them to ascertain, there was now
no such officer known as the assistant postmaster to this
House. The gentleman who performed this duty, and might
be entitled to the name, was a messenger, and a messenger
only. He, likn all the other messengers, till March, 1839.
had received $2 per day. Then his salary was raised to $3
per day, and on the next day that of the other messengers was
raisCd to $2 50. The committee, in their report, recommend
ed that the salaries of all the messengers of the House should
be $2 50 per day. The committee said, if the labors of that
individual were more onerous than of the other messengers,
let him be put on an annual salary. He knew of nothing
that ought to entitle him to a larger salary than the other
messengers of the House.
Mr. WISE said that he knew, and all the members of bthe
House could ascertain the fact, that this was a much more
important officer than the other messengers of this House.
He was responsible for bringing from the city post office the
mail ofthis House, the importance of which they all knew.
He was also shut up with the postmaster at the opening of
the mail.
Mr. FILLMORE said he hoped this question would not
be discussed out of order, but that the debate would be con-
fined to the resolution before them.
Mr. WISE did not mean to enter into the general discus-
sion, but would say that the duties of this officer were highly
onerous, and of an important trust. He was employed from
8 o'clock in the morning until 9 or 10 at night, and $2 50 per
day was not a sufficient su~pprt for the man-certainly not a
sufficient compensation for his services.
Mr. BRIGGS thought the gentleman from Virginia (Mr.
WisE) was mistaken in his construction of the act of 1836.
He would call the attention of the House to it. It was an
act providing for the salaries of certain officers therein named,
from which he read, one of the provisions of which was, that
when appropriations were made by law for the employment of
clerks, such employment should not be deemed extra within
the meaning of the above act. The above act referred to was,
he said, an act concerning the employment of clerks by the
War Department.
Mr. WISE (Mr. B. having yielded him the floor) said his
object in r i mt":i- i." was to say that it settled the princi-
ple for which he contended the other day, that appropriation
bills for increase of services should nat le considered as for
the employment of extra clerks, but as a regular appropria-
tion. It was time general principle which lie had contended
was established by that act, and was now applicable.
Mr. BRIGGS said that the principle established by that
act was, that in this specific case, where Congress by law
made appropriations for certain clerks, those clerks should not
be regarded as extra clerks.
He further referred to the act, and said the provision there-
in for extra clerks was made by express terms to apply only
to one class of clerks provided for in that bill, and that was,
clerks in the War Department. Instead of being a general
principle, it was a specific provision, in relation only to one
department and one class of clerks.


In relation to the number of clerks required in the Clerk's
office, he would say that it was the design of the committee
to look through all the branches of the public service within
the power of this House, to investigate all the concerns of the
offices and clerks, and to allow to every portion all the force
that would be necessary. The committee found, as the re-
port showed, that clerks were employed without authority of
law. If it could be shown that ihey were necessary for the
discharge of the public business, the committee had no desire
to lessen their number at all. That was the question. Al-
thouh the gentleman from New York (Mr. GoRDnoN)
thought this a small case, yet they would find, if they follow-
ed out the principle, that the amount of expenses thereby oc-
casioned to the Government and the people would not be se
trifling as the gentleman had supposed. He wished a por-
tion of the report relating to the employment of clerks might
be read; which was accordingly done by'the Clerk.
Mr. B. continued. It would seem, as he had before said,
that the object of the committee was, first, to reduce the num-
ber of clerks to what the public service required, and next to
establish the principle that no clerks should be employed
without the authority ot law or of this House. The question
for the House to settle was, whether these twelve clerks, as
a permanent force, were necessary to the discharge of the
duties of this House. If so, then the amendment of the gen.
tleman from New York should be adopted; if, on the other
hand, the House were of the opinion that the ten clerks au-
thorized by law and the resolutions of the House wore suffi-
cient, with such occasional assistance, as might be necessary
trom time to time, then the report of the committee would be
adopted.


Mr. GUSHING next obtained the floor, and inquired of
the Speaker what would be the effect of the previous question
were it moved I
The SPEAKER replied that it would bring the House to
a direct vote, first on the amendment and then on the reso-
lution.
Mr. CUSHING inquired if the previous question would
apply to this resolution alone I
The SPEAKER replied in the affirmative.
Mr. CUSHING said the two great questions were, How
many clerks will the House sanction I and, having decided
that, lan what mode should their appointment be legalizad,'l
In the report of the committee there was nothing to show
that the business of the House could be consistently conduct-
ed with a less number of clerks.
On the contrary, it was expressly stated that the increase
of clerks had not been corresponding with the increase of
business. He was, therefore, of the opinion, as well on the
evidence bt fre him as on the discussion which had taken
place, that the number of clerks ought not to be diminished.
SThe question then was, how should they bh legal zed A
portion of the clerks existed under an act of Congress, and
another portion under the resolutions of the House. If an
additional number were legalized by a resolution, he would
inquire of the chairman of the Committee of Ways and
Means if there was any doubt in regard to the fact whether
a resolution would sufficiently legalize them '
Mr. FILLMORE said he would very cheerfully give his
own opinion on this question if the gentleman desired it. He
did not see any necessary connexion between the power to
fill a vacancy and the creating power to make it, except so far
as recognized by the Constitution. If the point was, whether
the Committee of Ways and Means deemed the creation of
an officer by a resolution such a creation as authorized them
to appropriate for it, the gentleman would perceive by the
proviso to the very section of the aplpropriatien bill they were
now considering in Committee of the Whole, that the Com-
mittee of Ways and Means had provided that, wherever
either House, by resolution, should employ a clerk or other
officer, the appropriations should corer his salary. Still they
did not consider that a resolution was a law within the mean-
ing of the rule.
Mr. CUSHING. If the House adopt this resolution, the
appropriation bill can be so worded as to cover the salaries cf
these two clerksI
Mr. FILLMORE. It does already.
Mr. GUSHING said if they adopted this resolution, the
question of order now pending before the Committee of the
Whole might be disposed of. For this purpose, as he was
anxious that the House should decide this question this morn-
ing, he would call the previous question.
[Cries of Oh, no!" from several voices.]
Mr. FILLMORE inquired of the Speaker if the morning
hour had not expired
The SPEAKER replied that it had.
And the subi-ct was then laid over till to-morrow morning,
Mr. CUSHINo still retaining the floor.
APPORTIONMENT BILL.
Mr. EVERETT rose to offer a resolution, which he gave
notice hlie would call up to-morrow morning.
The SPEAKER said the resolution could only be offered
by general consent.
Objection was made.
Mr. EVERETT asked that the resolution be read for in-
formation; and it was read accordingly; (but it not being on
the Journal, the Reporter could not procure a copy for inser-
tion in this report.)
Mr. WISE inquired of the Speaker whether the resolu-
tion was in order 1
The SPEAKER. It is not received, and has only been
read for information.
Mr. WISE. As it contemplates an alteration of the rule,
will it not, when it comes up, require a vote of two-thirds 'I
The SPEAKER said it would.
Mr. EVERETT. I desire to give notice that I shall of-
fer the resolution to-morrow morning, and shall move a sus-
pension of the rules.
Mr. FILLMORE moved that the House resolve itself
into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union.
Mr. UNDERWOOD desired to be informed by the
Speaker when the business en the Speaker's table would
come up '
The SPEAKER. Now; unlessthe House go into com-
mittee.
Mr. UNDERWOOD hoped the House would proceed
with that business now.
Mr. FILLMORE would not, he said, object.
The SPEAKER then laid before the Housethe following
Executive communications :
A message from the President of the United States, trans-
mitting copies of letters written by the Minister of the Uni-
ted States at the Court of Great Britain in 1841, to the Com-
modore of the squadron of the United States in the Mediter-
ranean. Read and laid on the table.
Also, a letter from the Secretary of War, communicating
the information called for by the House on the l8th instant,
in relation to the cost of a military road to Forts Fairfield
and Kent, in the State of Maine. Referred to the Commit-
tee on Military Affairs.
Also, a letter from the Postmaster General, asking an ap.
propriation to pay the bill for the repairs of the building lately
occupied by the Post Office Department. Referred to the
Committee of Ways and Means.
Thie bill from the Senate providing for the establishment
of an additional land office in the State of Alabama came up
in its order.
And the amendment of the Senate thereto made was con-
curred in by the House.
DISTRICT BANKS.
The following bill, heretofore reported by Mr. UNDER-
woon, from the Committee on the District of Columbia,
came up in Ihe order of business on the Speaker's table on
the question of engrossmient:
A BILL to suspend, for a limited time, the operation of a part of
an act entitled "Ah act to revive and extend the charters of
certain banks in the District of Columbia."
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives
of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That
so rmuch of tihe cnet entitled "An act to revive and extend the
charters of certain banks in the District of Columbia," approved
August twenty-fifth, eighteen hundred and forty-one, as inhibits
the banks in said act mentioned, from and after the first day of
March, eighteen hundred and forty-two, from paying out or lend-
ing out the notes of any suspended bank, or any paper currency
whatever which is not equivalent to gold and silver, shall be, and
the same it hereby, suspended in its operation until the first day
of March, eighteen hundred and forty-three : provided said banks
shall notJ lend or pay cut any bank notes which, at the time of
such loan or payment, are not receivable at such bank at par in
payment of debts.
And the bill was ordered to a third reading notew.
And the question being Shall this bill pass V
Mr. UNDERWOOD said he proposed to make a very
brief statement of a few facts, to which he asked the atten-
tion of the House.
The charter of the District banks, as amended at the last
session of Congress, provided that these banks might receive
and pay out the paper of non-specie paying banks until the
first day of next March. At the time the charter was so
amended, it was supposed that, in all probability, the banks
of Virginia and Maryland would, by that time (if not before)
have resumed specie payments. Under present circumstances,
however, there was no probability that these banks would
resume.
The effect of their failing to resume by the first of March,
upon the people of this District, was this: By the provisions
of the amended charter, passed at the last session, thetbaeks
could not receive Virginia or Marylant paper. Of course,
therefore, the people who owed the banks could not pay in
Virginia or Maryland paper. The hanks were now willing
to receive that paper, provided Congress would allow them to
do so, and to pay it out again to those who were willing to take
it. But if Congress refused to the banks the liberty to receive
it, of course the people of the District could not pay it, and
they would be required by the banks to pay in specie. The
effect of refusing to pass this bill would be, that the whole
amount due by the people of the District to the banks would
be converted into a specie dematod, and that, too, when the
banks were willing to be paid in Virginia or Maryland paper
if Congress was willing that they should pay it out. And
that was the simple question presented to the consideration of
the House. The case, it seemed to him, was a very plain one.
One other fact he wished to state, and then, he thought,
the House would have every thing before it which was requi-
site to enable the members to vote understandingly on the
question.
The amount which the people of the District owed to the
banks was something like two millions of dollars. He had
not, in view of this present question, examined the reports
made at the extra session, and he spoke from general recol-
lection; and, according to that, the amount was something
like two millions. If, then, Congress refused to allow pay-
ment in Virginia and Maryland notes, it would convert the
debt of the people to the banks into a specie demand of some-
thing like two millions of dollars. Now, when such an inti-
mate connexion existed between the people of this District


and the people of the States of Virginia and Maryland, when
the currency of the two States by which the people of the
District were surrounded constituted a large portion ofthe cir-
culating medium, would Congress thus convert this amount of
liabilities into a specie demand, and say that these debts must
be collected in specieI It appeared to him that the small
boon provided by this bill should riot be denied.
And then, in obedience to a very general voice therefore,
Mr. U. demanded the previous question.
Mr. CLIFFORD moved that the bill be laid on the table.
Mr. McKEON asked the yeas and nays, which were or-
dered i and, being taken, were as follows :
YEAS-Messrs. Arrington, Atherton, Beeson, Birdseye,
Bowne, B,)yd, Brewater, Aaron V. Brown, Charles Brown,
Burke, Wm. 0. Butler, Green W. Caldwell, Patrick C. Cald-
well, Cary, Casey, Chapman, Clifford, Clinton, Coles, Mark A.
Cooper, Cushipag, Daniel, R. D. Davis, Dean, Doan, Doig, East-
man, John C. Edwards, Ferris, John G. Floyd, Win. 0. Goode,
Gordon, Gustine, Gwin, Harris, Hays, Hopkins, louck, Hous-
ton, Hubard, Hunter, W. W. Irwin, Keim, Lewis, Littlefield,
Lowell, Abraham McClellan, Robert McClellan, McKay,
McKeon. Alfred Marshall, John T. Mason, Mathews, Mattoeks,
Medill, Miller, Newhard, Oliver, Osborne, Partridge, Plumer,
Reading, Reynolds, Iliva, Rogers, Roosevelt, Sanford, Satin-
dars, Shields, '0,n-i,, Smith, Snyder, Steenrod, Sumter,
Sweney, Van Boren, James W. Williams, Joseph L. Williams,
Wood-79.
NAYS-Messrs. Adams, Alien, Landaff W. Andrews, Slier-
lock J. Andrews, Arnold, Aycrigg, Babcock, Baker, Barnard,
Barton, Blair, Boardman, Borden, Briggs, Brockway, Milton
Brown, Jeremiah Brown, Win. Bntler, John Campbell, Win. B.
Campbell, Thus. J. Campbell, Caruthers, Chittenden, James
Cooper, Cewen, Cranstoq, Cravens, G, Davis, Deberry, Everett,


Pessenden, Fillmore, Thos. F. Foster, Gamble, Gates, Gentry, proper form : but the principle on which they obtained admis-
Giddings, Goggin, P. G. Goode, Graham, Granger, Hdber- sion into this bill was clearly wrong, and led to laxity and
sham, Halsted. W. S. Hastings, Henry, Hudson, James Irvin, confusion in the expenditures of Government. The resolu-
James, Isaac D. Jones, John P. Kennedy, Linn, Thomas F. tions of instruction he had offered, if adopted, will enter into
Marshall, S. Mason, Mathiot, Maxwell, Maynard, Meriwether, the parliamentary law of the House, and will establish a rule
Moore, Morgan, Morris, Morrow, Owsley, Pearce, Pope, Powell, of proceeding which future Congresses would not be likely
Ramsey, B. Randall, A. Randall, Randolph, Rayner, Ridgway, to depart from. It was for this reason he wanted the House
Rodney, Win. Russell, James M. Russel Saltonstall, ShepFerd,
Siroonton, Sollers, Sprigg, Stanly, Stokely, Stratton, Alexander to act upon it before going into committee. He wanted it
H. H. Stuart, John T. Stuart, Summers, Taliaferro, John B. to establish permanently a great principle. Let every mem-
Thompson, R. W. Thompson, Tillinghast, Toland, Tomlinson, her hereafter, in voting to create offices and salaries, vote un-
Triplett, Underwood, Van Rensselaer, Wallace, Ward, War- der responsibility to their constituents. But as things now
ren, Washington, E. D. While, Thomas W. Williams, Lewis proceeded, offices could be and were created at the will of
Williams, Christopher H. Williams, Winthrop, Wise, Yorke, men, themselves mere subordinates. This was wrong, utter-
Augustus Young-107. ly wrong. Every office in the Government should exist by
So the bill was not laid on the table, virtue of law, and of law alone. The duties should be laid
And the question recurring on the demand for the previous down by law: and the emolument should be fixed by law.
question- Instead of this, officers by the hundred and by the thousand
There was a second, had sprung into a sort of bastard existence under those
And the main question was ordered to be now taken, abuses which were ever so liable to multiply and to accumu-
Mr. KENNEDY, of Indiana, asked the yeas and nays late in every Government. Each party in this House is
thereon, which were ordered, pledged to retrenchment and reform :" they often indulged
And the main question, Shall the bill pass "'" was then in crintination and recrimination upon each other for a want
taken, and decided in the affirmative as follows: of fidelity to the pledge, and fierce disputes occurred as to
YEAS-Messrs. Adams, Landaff W. Andrews, SherlockJ. which party was most devoted to economy. Here was a test
Andrews, Arnold, Avcrigg, Babcock, Baker, Barnard, Blair, vote for gentlemen : 1-t them now preve the soundness of
Boardman, Borden, Brockway, Milton Brown, Jeremiah Brown, their attachment to reform and retrenchi.rent by laying down
Calhoun, Thomas J. Campbell, Caruthers, Chittenden, John C. a general principle which could not hut lead to reform by re.
Clark, James Cooper, Cowen, Cranston, Cravens, Gariett Davis, trenching many unwarranted and improper expenditures.
Deberry, John Edwards, Everett, Pessenden, Pillmore, A. L. He hoped the motion for instructions would prevail.
Foster, Gamble, Gates, Gentry, Giddings, Goggin, Patrick G. Mr. STUART here wanted Mr. GENTRY to consent
Goode, Graham, Granger, Habersham, Halsted, William S. to modify his instructions by adopting some amendment
Hastings, Henry, Hudson, James Irvin, James, J. P. Kennedy, or substitute, which he read, but which was not sent to the
Linn, Thomas P. Marshall, Samson Mason, Mathiot, Maxwell, Clerk's table or accepted, and of which the Reporter could
Maynard, Meriwether, More, Morris, Morrow, Owaley, Pearce, nthin
Pope, Powell, Alexander Randall, Rayner, Ridgway, Rodney, catch nothi M R i h i rt M
Win. Russell, Jan. M. Russell, Saltonstall, Shepperd, Simonton, Mr FILLMORE, having had the instructions of Mr.
Sollers,. ',iie-. -i,rlty, Stokely, Stratton, A. H. H. Stuart, GENTRY read once more, proceeded to say that he had been
J. T. -r., -r..I t ,,r. ,.r, Taliaferro, John B. Tliormp.oo, Richard willing, when the gentleman from Tennessee first moved
W. T. r.., i. .,i,.1., ,. Toland, Triplett, Underwood, Van them, that the question should at once be taken without a
Rense'.,,-i. r, t .,..., I. .. I, Warren, Washington, E. D. White, word said. He supposed that most gentlemen were present
Thomas W, Williams, Lewis Williams, Christopher H. Wil- now, who had been present the other day in Committee of
liams, Winthrop, Yorke, Augustus Young, J. Young-97. the Whole, when the same'tbing was referred to. He was
NAYS- Messrs. Arrington, Atherton, Beeson, Birdseye Bowne, now quite willing that the decision of the House should be
Boyd, Brewster, Briggf, Aaron V. Brown, Charles Brown, given under the sanction of yeas and nays, and recorded on
Burke, G. W. Caldwell, P. C. Caldwell, GCary, Casey, Charmtan, the Journal. But he held it due to the Committee of Ways
Clifford, Clinton, Coles, M. A. Cooper, Cushing, Daniel, Richard and Means, who had reported the bill, to state the reasons
D. Davis, Dean, Dean, Doig, Eastman, John C. Edwards, Egbert, wich had induced them, by retaining cer te tems in the
Ferris, J. G. Floyd, W. 0. Goode, Gordon, Gustine, Gwin, Jshn which had induced them, by retain ng certain items in the
Hastings, Hays, Hopkins, Houck, Houston, Hubarl, Hunter, bill which were not legalized by act of Congress, to bring the
W. W. Irwin, Keim, Andrew Kennedy, Lane, Lewis, Littlefield, question-before the Housse.
Lowell, A. McClellan, Robert McClellan, McKay, McKeon, Their first determination had been to act in strict conf.r-
Mallory, Alfred Marshall, John T. Mason, Mtattocks, Medill, mity to the rule of order, and to strike out all those items
Miller, Newlhard, Osborne, Partridge, Ramsey, Reding, Reynolds, which had heretofore had a place in the civil and diplomatic
Riggs, R. ... r,. BRoosevelt, Sanford, Saunders, Shaw, Shields, Appropriation bills, but which were not covered by the ex-
William i..I., Snyder, Steenrod, Sumter, Sweney, Van Buren, press sanction of law. But, on further examination, they
Watterso,, James W. Williams, Joseph L. Williams, Wise, found that many of these items of appropriation had been pri-
Wood-73. vileged so long, that the sudden excision of them at one
So the bill was passed. blow would be attended with consequences so very injurious
GENERAL APPROPRIATION BILL. to the public service, that the ends of reform .would be de-
Mr. FILLMORE inquired of the SPEAKER whether all feared by taking so violent a step. In the first place, they dis-
the public business on the Speaker's table had been dis- covered that about one-half the clerks of the Senate would
posed ofl be included by such a rule; but as they belonged to a co-or-
TheSPEAKERrepliedintheaffirmative. dinate branch of the Legislature, the House could exercise
Mr. FILLMORE moved that the House resolve itself into no control over them; although these offices existed not by
Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union. law, but rested simply on the ground ofa resolution of the
After some conversation between Mr. FILLMORE and Senate. Then, as to the clerks pertaining to this House,
Mr. GENTRY, the former gentleman waived his motion, to one.third, if not one-half of them, were in the like situation.
enable The clerks appointed by law were but six, and yet the total
Mr. GENTRY to submit a motion made by him on a number employed was eleven; the residue being employed
former day, but withdrawn, either under resolution of the House, or under a temporary
Mr. G. said he did not know sufficient of the parliamen- pressure, atid without express authority of any kind. Besides
tary law to be aware whether or not he had a right to preface these, there were other useful and important officers of Gov-
his motion with a few remarks explanatory of its object, eminent, who held their offices by resolutions repassed from
The SPEAKER said it could only be done by general year to year; among these was the Reporter of the Supreme
consent. Court. His office had, formerly, existed under force of law,
Mr. GENTRY then moved that the Committee of the but for years since the law expired it had been continued by
Whole on the state of the Union, to whom House bill No. 74 appropriation. In the like circumstances were several of the
(being the bill making appropriations for the civil antd diplo- messengers of the House, whose compensation was but mail,
matic expenses of the Government for the year 1842") had while ttieir services were important. This was the case with
been referred, be instructed to strike out every item of appro- the Assistant Librarian, and another person associated with
priation which was not authorized by existing laws. him in the duties of the Library.
Mr. G. was proceeding to make some remarks, when Now, Mr. F. had feared that if thecommittee should strike
Mr. BOWNE objected. out, at once, the appropriations for all these individuals, it
But, after a brief conversation between Messrs. GENTRY, would be taken as indicating a determination that they were
BOWNE, FILLMORE, and the SPEAKER- to be dismissed, and their offices abolished; in which case the
Mr. BOWNE, at the suggestion of Mr. FILLMORE, with- public service could not but suffer materially. The fear of
drew his objection, such a consequence, too, would in all probability re-act upon
Mr. GENTRY said that he bad observed, when the the House, and they would all, in thecourse of the billthrough
House was in Committee of the Whole on Thursday last, the House, be reinstated in it. The committee had, there.
and had the civil and diplomatic Appropriation bill under fore, taken a middle course; they had resolved to insert the
consideration, that the Committee of Waysand Means had, in items for these salaries in the bill, and at.the same time invite
their expose accompanying that bill, laid down a principle of the attention of the House to the fact that they were without
reform which was calculated to lead to the most salutary actual provision of law, and leave the House to act upon the
consequences. He was serious in that declaration. Yet he case as to it should seem best. The committee in this had
had been sorry to perceive that, after laying down a sound al least acted prudently, and with a regard to what they con-
and salutary general principle of legislation, they themselves reived to be their duty. They had not felt themselves justi-
seemed in sonicme degree to shrink from its application. The fled in cutting off all these salaries at a blow, without so much
principle was this; that no item should be included ii any as an inquiry. They had taken the caution of asking from
appropriation bill which had not the express sanction of law the House authority to report another bill cutting off such of
This was a principle which the House had recognized and them as were deemed unnecessary or inexpedient, and legalize.
sanctioned, by inserting it as one of the rules of order which ing the remainder. But, for fear that by some accident that
should govern its proceedings. And according to the deci bill might fail of getting through the House, they deemed it
sion of the gentleman who had then occupied the chair ofithe most prudent to put the items in the bill and take the sense
Committee of the Whole, (Mr. CAsEY,) the rule was one of the House upon them. He thought the best way would
which must be observed. Yet, the Coma.i.tee of Ways and be to let the appropriations stand, but to pass a supplementary
Means, in reporting this bill, had not governed themselvs bill dispensing with such as were unnecessary, and sanction-
by that rule. They had, indeed, expressed their assent to it, ing the rest by law. He, therefore hoped the instructions
just so far as was necessary to bring it to the notice of the would not be adopted, although he was not opposed to the
House; and yet they had inserted in their bill items not principle on which they were founded.
sanctioned by any law, thus acting is the very face of the Mr. GENTRY understood the gentleman at the head of
principle they had themselves laid down. The question of the Committee of Ways and Means to say that while the
order having been raised by a gentleman from Masasachu- comuattee avowed the principle of retrenching appropriations
setts, (Mr. CCsttNo,) the Ichairman of the Committee of not warranted by law from an appropriation hill as sound tnd
the Whole had decided that an amendment of the bill, to proper, yet they were afraid to trust thequestion of these sala
include items which were not sanctioned by law, was not in ries with the House of Representatives, lest the House should
order. Still, the chairman of the Finance Conmnittee had not do its duty; and therefore they had retained them in the
himself stated to the House that the committee had already bill. Was that the gentleman's position
inserted items of that description in the bill tothe amount of Mr. FILLMORE resumed. He had said that the com-
$82,216. Yes, an amount of appropriation amounting to "ittee had deemed the most prudent course to be to insert the
upwards of eighty thousand dollars was avowedly asked for items in the bill, and at the same time call the attention of the
objects not legalized by any act of Congress: for objects which House to the state of the case, for fear that, through the press
a rule of the House prohibited to be introduced into such a sure of other business, or some unforeseen accident, the other
bill. Now, what Mr. G. bai proposed in the instructions bill regulating the subject should not become a law, and there-
he had moved was, that the Committee of Ways and Means by the public service might suffer.
be required to act out their own principle, and, in conformity Mr. F. said he had no desire to debate the question. Hay-
with it, to strike out every item of appropriation not covered ing made this explanation to the House, he was now perfect.
by law. He considered the motion as ose of vast importance, ly satisfied to await the decision of the House. Could the
because of the principle it embodied. Some gentlemen ap committee be certain that the supplementary bill would pass,
proved the olject Mr. G. had in view, but differed from him e should have no doubt of the propriety of the instructions
as to the mode of reaching it. They wished, as he wished, proposed; but as that certainly would not be shown, he
that this appropriation bill should appropriate the public mO- doubted the expediency of passing the resolution.
ney for nothing that had not the express sanction of law Mr. RANDOLPH, of New Jersey, moved the previous
But they said there was no need of moving instructions if question ; but consented to withdraw the motion at the re-
this kind in the House, because every item not warranted by quest of
law could, successively, be stricken out in committee; and So Mr. WISE, who promised to renew it. Mr. W. then ob-
long as they were kept Out of the bill, what difference did it served that he fully agreed with the gentleman from Tennes.
make how that wasdonel But Mr.G. must be permitted to see (Mr. GENTRY) in the propriety of specific appropriations,
say that in his view it made a very great difference. In the and that every item in an appropriation bill should be sanc.
one case members acted under the liability to have their votes tioned by existing law; but then there might be a question
recorded by yeas and nays, and thus made known to their as to what was law in the matter. That might be law in re-
constituents: in the other they did not. No yeas and nays gard to an officer of this House which would not be law in
could be called in committee, and the Journal would not show reference to a clerk in one of the Departments. The Consti-
whether a member was even present when the bill was dis- tution declared that the House of Representatives shall have
cussed. But this was not all. By adopting these instructions, power to appoint|its Speaker and other officers; which pro-
the Housesolemnly and deliberately asserted the principle; but vision gave to the House alone power to say what officers it
by simply striking out items in Committee of the Whole, no would have, how many, and at what salary. A resolution ef
principle was expressed. The expression of opinion would the House, therefore, in relation to the appointment of any
be emphatic if the House, after a general apapropriation bill officer of the House was law under the Constitution, al-
had been prepared by the Committee of Ways and Means and though its appointment of other officers in the like manner
actually reported to the House, should recommit it, with orders would not be; and he therefore hoped the mover would so mod-
to strike out every item not covered by law. This would be ify his instructions as not to put out such officers of the House
to conform to that great and! vital principle of republican doc- as had their appointments under resolution of the House.
trine, the necessity of specific appropriations; a principle, the laMr. GENTRY admitted the soundness of the principle
departure from which had been one main cause of that vast said down by the gentleman from Virginia, and said that such
and profligate expenditure of the public treasure, and that as his own understanding of the interpretation to be given
boundless multiplication of offices and emoluments, which to the instructions he had moved.
had marked the latter history of this Government. It was Mr. WISE proceeded. Not only was a resolution of the
this which had enabled the Houses of Congress themselves, louse law as to the appointment of its own officers : an sp-
as well as every department of the Executive Government, to propriation bill was law to the same extent. The House,
increase offices, with the salaries attached lo them, to an ex- having power to appoint its officers, migftt do it in either
tent commensurate wilh atid regulated only by the will of mode; either by passing a resolution, or by inserting an item
those who, for the time being, might hold and wield the pat- in an appropriation bill. The Constitution did not set limits
ronage of the Government. A sum of $42,000 was appro, to the House as to the mode of its action.
priated for general objects, not specified; under which appro- And then as to specific appropriations. The House did
priation various extra clerks and officers of every grade and pecity that a given appropriation in the bill was for a clerk :
description had been created to an extent untold. Should that was a specific appropriation. And, therefore, he insisted
the House refuse the instructions he had proposed, they would there ought to be an exception made as to all officers of the
sanction all that had in tttis-way been done, and would be House. With this understanding, that the adoption of the in-
acting against the good sound ohl Jeffersonian principle which atructions was not to trammel the powpr of the House as to
they were all accustomed so highly to eulogise. What had appointing its own officers, he should vote in favor of them ;
Jefferson said in his first message to Congress') Mr. G.had and,.in compliance with his promise, he thereupon moved the
by accident been reading the passage this very morning, andi. previous question.
finding it so very much to the point, be had written out an Mr. HABERSHAM desired to be informed by the chair-
extract to be used in the present argument. Mr. G. here road man of the Committee of Ways and Means, (Mr. FILLMORE,)
as follows; whether a part of the balances for which these appropriations
as folows;were made haad not already been earned and accrued '1
"In our ease, toe, of the public contributions entrusted to our Mr. FILLMOR E. From the first of January, of course.
direction, it would be prudent to multiply barriers against heir
dissipation, by appropriating specific sums to every specific pur- The question was then taken on thedemand for theprevious
pose susceptible of definition ; by disallowing all applications or question; and there was a second.
money varying from the appropriation, or transcending it in And the main question was ordered tobe now taken.
amount ; by reducing the undefined field of contingencies, and Mr. McKEON asked the yeas and nays thereon; which
thereby circumscribing discretionary powers over money ; and by were ordered,


bringing back to a single department all accoontabilities for mo- And the main question, being on agreeing to the instruc-
ney, when the examination may be prompt, efficacious, and uni- tions offered by Mr. GENTRY, was taken, and decided in the
fore,." affirmative, as follows:
Yes, this undefined field of contingencies," of which the YEAS-Messrs. Adams, Landaff W. Andrews, Arnold, Arming-
patriot spoke with so much truth and force, was an area on ton, Ai,-. .'i.,..:,Ft., e.', Babcock, Baker, Beeson, Bidlaeck, Bitds-
which men in high place had played tricks before high eve, .,r. It a ...;.. B,,rden, Bowne, Boyd, Brewster, Brigge,
Heaven that made the angels weep." Friends and relatives Aaron V. Brown, Milton Brown, Charles Brown, Jeremiah Brown,
had here been pensioned out, and political partisans rewarded BIurke, William B,,tler, William 0. Butler, Green W. Caldwell,
without shadow of law : offices had been created, and emolu- Patrick C. Caldwell, John Campbell, Thomas J. Cam'pbell, Caro-
thers, Cary, Casey, Chapman, Chittenden, John C3. Clark, Clif-
ments attached to them, at the mere will and pleasure of men, ford, CoGarys, Caseyrk A. Coohapmaner, Coiten, Craven, CusJohn C. Clark, DanCif-el,
themselves irresponsible for thus acting in the very face of Garrett Davis Richard D. Davis, Dawson, Dean, Deberryihing, Daniel,
their acknowledged duty as guardians of the People's rights. Grrett Davis, Riclitad D.DavisDaweei, De'an, Debormy, Daan,
their acknowledged duty as guardians of the People's rights. Doig, Eastman, John Edwards, Everett, Ferris, John G. Floydl
An appropriation bill had obtained the facetious and not in- Charles A. Floyd, A. Lawrence Poster, Thomas P. Foster, Gain.'
appropriate name of an omnibus, into which every sort ot ex- ble, Gentry, Giddings, Gogein, William 0. Goode, Gordon, Gra-
penditure was crowded which could find no other place of ham, Green, Gustine, Halsted, Harris, Hays, Henry, Hopkins,
refuge. The bill was passed in Committee of the Whole, Houck, Houston, Hubard, Hudson, Hunter, Keim, Andrew Ken-
often when not two-thirds of the House were in their seats, nedy, Lewis,. Linn, Littlefield, Lowell, A'.rat.,,r M. Clo.llhn,
and then in the House the previous question cut off discus- Robert McClellan, MeKeon, Mallory, Alfrel Martball, Sni..'.n
sion. Thus the responsibility of members for the expendi- Mason, John Thompson Mason, Mathiot, %I,- .,. li, n.rd,
tore of the public money, if not destroyed, was at least Meriwether, Moore, Morgan, Morrow, Newhard, Oliver, Owsley,
greatly weakened. A return to specific appropriations was Paitridge, Payne, Ramsey, Benjamin Randall, Alexander Randall,
ly effectual mode of introducing a valuable reform in Rayner, Reding, Reynolds, Ridgway, Riggs, Roosevelt, William
the only effectual mode of introducing a valuable reform in Russell, James M. Russell, Sanford, Saunders, Shaw, Shepperd,
this important branch of legislation. R.Shields, Simonton, Willia,, Smith, Souters, Sprigg, Steenrod,
In advocating a measure like this, Mr. G. was not to be Stokely, Stratton, Alex. H. H. Stuart, J. T. Stuart, Summers, Sume
understood as passing censure against the particular items ter, Taliaferro, John B. Thompson, Tillinghast, Triplett, Under-
included by the committee in the bill, and which this instruc- wood, Van Buren, Van Rensselaer, Wallace, Warren, Washing-
tion would rescind. Many of them might be very necessary ton, Watterson, James W. Williams, Lewis Williams, Christopher
and proper, An4 sutich as he should be willing to vote for in t H. Williams, Wise-144,


NAYS-Meesrpt, Shetlock J. Andrews, Barnard, Brockway,
Childs, James Cooper, Fillmore, Gianger, Habersham, William
S. Hastings, Loane, Maxwell, Osborne, Pope, Powell, Randolph,
Saltonatall, Snyder, Stanly, Tol.nd, Jos. L. Williams, Winthrop,
Augustus Young-22.
So the motion was agreed to; and, accordingly, the Com-
mittee of the Rhole on the'state of the Union was instructed
to strike out from the said bittll every item of appropriation that
was not authorized by existing law.
Mr. FILLMORE moved that the House resolve itself into
Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union.
Mr. MALLORY moved that the House do now adjourn.
Mr. SMITH, of Virginia, desired to offer a proposition
having ri ference (he was understood to say) to the subject
just under consideration.
But the motion to adjourn being persisted in, and pre-
vailing-
The House adjourned.

Mr. POPE, of Kentucky, yesterday offered the following
resolutions, which were ordered to be printed; but we have
not before been able to obtain a copy of them for publication:
Resolved, That, in the present condition of the country, it
is tihe duty of Congress to devise and adopt the most efficient
measures to restore confidence and credit, secure the people
against a depreciated paper money, give to the nation a
sound and uniform currency, and as plenty of it as practica-
ble, having due regard to the constitutional standard of value,
gold and silver:
Therefore, resolved, That a select committee of mum.
bers be appointed, with instructions to inquire into the expc-
diency ofauthotizing the issue of three per cent. stock to the
amount of one hundred millions of dollars, irredeemable, ex-
cept by purchase, until the expiration of forty years, to be di-
vided and transferred to the several States in proportion to
their federal population, to be applied by the States to inter-
nal improvements, and the payment of debts incurred for in-
ternal improvements, and for the payment of the interest and
principal of the stock ; the proceeds of the public lands to be
set apart and 1.l-.41t' I, instead of being distributed as provided
for in the land till, approvedbn the 4th day of September,
1841.
Resolved, That the said committee inquire into the expe-
diency of authorizing an issue of like stock, not exceeding
the sum of-- millions of dollars, to be applied to the pur-
chase, in perpetuity, of the use of such public roads, free fromn
tolls, owned by States or corporations, or both, as may be
necessary and proper for the transportation of the public
mails, stores, arms, and military purposes of Ihe United
States, and that per cent, of the proceeds of the Post Office
Department be set apart and pledged for the payment of the
interest and principal of said stock.
Resolved, That the said committee inquire into the expe-
diency of proposing an amendment to the Federal Constitu-
tion, providing that no Stale shall, in time of peace, contract
any debt or debts, by loan or otherwise, exceeding the sum
of-- dollars over and above the annual revenue of such
State.
Resolved, That the said committee also inquire into the
expediency of creating a national bank, with a capital of not
less than sixty nor more than eighty millions of dollars, one-
fourth at least to be paid in specie, and the balance in stock
of the United States, to be issued in conformity to the fore-
going resolutions, exclusive ef what may be subscribed by
the United States ; one-fifth part of the capital stock of the
bank to be subscribed by the United States, and the residue
by the several States and American citizens, one-half at least
to be reserved to the States: the parent bank or board of con-
trol to be located at Washington city, with branches in the
States, with their assent, until otherwise provided by law;
each State, besides its share In the general control of the in-
stitution, to have the appointment of at least one director of
each bank placed within its limits; the dividends of said bank
above six per cent. on the capital stock to be added to the
funds pledged for the redemption of the stock authorized by
the foregoing resolutions.
Resolved, That the said committee report on the matters
aforesaid by bill or otherwise.

The following notice of an amendment to the rules of the
House was given yesterday by Mr. CALHOUN, of Massa-
chusetts :
"To re establish the ene-hour rule of the last session-the
rule concerning the taking of bills out of Committee of the Whole,
and to amend the rule which gives precedence in Committee of
the Whole to a motion to strike out the enacting clause of a bill
over a motion to amend."

SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES.

MONDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1842.
THOMAS C. CRITTENDEN and SETH M. GATES, Esqa. bf
New York, were admitted attorneys and counsellors of this
Court.
No. 34. Philip Roach's administrator, plaintiff in error, vs.
Daniel W. Hulings. This cause was argued by Mr. BRENT
for the plaintiff in error and by Mr. BRADLEY for the defend-
ant in error.
No. 38. Daniel Dobbins, plaintiff in error, vs. Commission-
ers of Erie county. This cause was submitted to the consid-
eration of the Court on the record and printed argument of
Mr. GALBRAITH, for the plaintiff in error.
Io. 39. The United States, plaintiff, ws. Win. Murphy
and Win. Morgan. This cause was submitted to the Court
by the Attorney General on the record and a printed argue.
meat of Mr. NASH, of counsel for the defendants.
No. 40. Charles F. Ho ey, plaintiff in error, vs. William
Buchanan. This cause was submitted to the Court on the
record and printed arguments by Mr. COXE for the plaintiff
in error, and by Mr. CRITTENDEN for the defendant in error.
No. 42. Walter Smith et al., plaintiffs in error, vs. Dennis
Gouary. This cause was argued by Messrs. C. Cox and
KEY for the plaintiffs in error, and by Mr. COXE for the de.
fenidant in error.
Adjourned till to-morrow at 11 o'clock A. M.

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1848.
CnARLES S. DAVIS, Esq., of Maine, was admitted an attor.
ney and counsellor of this Court.
No. 14. The United States, appellant, vs. Pedro Miranda
et al. on appeal from the Superior Court for East Florida.
Mr. Justice WAYNE delivered the opinion of this Court, re-
versing and annulling the decree of the said Superior Court,
and remanding this cause, with directions to that Court to
dismiss the petition of the claimant.
No. 26. The city of Mobile vs. M. D. Eslava. In error to
the Supreme Court of Alabama. Mr. Justice McLEAN deli-
vered the opinion of this Court, affirming the judgment of
the said Supreme Court in this cause, with costs.
No. 25. John Tompkins vs. Leonard Wheeler et al., on
appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States for Ken-
tucky. Mr. Justice THoMrsoN delivered the opinion of this
Court, affirming the decree of the said Circuit Coirt in this
cause, with costs,
No. 43. Robert Milnor et al., appellants, vs. George WV.
Metz. This cause was argued by Mr. C. Cox for the appel-
lants, and by Mr. BRADLEY for the appellee.
No.44. Charles Patterson, appellant,vs. Edmund P. Gaines.
The argument of this cause was commenced by Mr. Ro0ERT
J. BRENT for the appellant.
Adjourned till to-morrow at 11 o'clock A. M.

MINIATURE PAINTING.
E. WELLMORE, MINIATUHe PAINTEa,
At Dr. THOMAS D. JONES, Pennsylvania avenue.
feb 16 -eolw
SARAH GOOI)BIDGE,
MtNiATUSE PASNTEa,
At S. MAst's, Pennsylvania avenue.
feb 16--dlw&eolw
UDGE UPSHUR oa the Cotntltutlon.-A brief in-
aN quiry into the true nature and character of our Federal Gov-
.ernment, being a review of Judge Story's Commentaries on the
Constitution of the United States. By Judge Upahur, Secretary
of the Navy.
A few copies of the above this day received, and for sale by P.
Taylor. One volume octavo, 132 pages. Price 76 cents.
feb 16
j HEREBY GIVE NOTICE to all persons having an
interest in a wooden dwelling hose erected by me pursu-
ant to contract with Hanson Brooks, on lotnumbered 21, is square
6,538, that nnleas my claim for services in constructing said
house be satisfied within fifteen days from the date hereof, I will
assert my rights as a mechanic under the lien law passed by Con-
gress, and approved March 2, 1833.
feb l6-3t ROBERT BEALL.
(cOTilUE.-GEORGE W. PALES has filed his petition
. for. the benefit of the Bankrupt Act, which petition will be
heard before the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sitting
in Bankruptcy, in the Court-room in Washington county, on the
fourteenth day of March next, at 10 o'clock A.M. when and where
all persons interested may appear and4 show cause, if any they
have, why the prayer of saiJ petitioner should not be granted.
By order of the Court. Test!


feb 16-3t WM. BRENT, Clerk.
W ILLIAM A. REEDIER has filed his petition for the
Benefit of the Bankrupt Law, which petition will be heard
before the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sitting ie
Bankruptcy, in the Court-room in Washington county, on the 14th
day of March next, at 10 o'clock A. M. when and where all per-
sons may appear anti show cause, if any they have, why the
prayer of the petitioner should not be granted.
By order of the Court. Test; WM. BRENT,
Clerk Circuit Court, Washington county, D. C.
feb 16-3t
L]U IfRUMEiRY.-S. PARKER is opening another freasd
case of French perfumery, e..n'iaini esry variety ofperh
fume for the handkerchief and tbilti, warb, mui. Sap, fine Oil, Col-
Creams, Toilet Powder, Ox Marrow, Pomade, ip Salve, 4s.
Also, 20 dozen Guerlain Shaving Cream, in large and suiqtll
pots, genuine. Gentlemen who shave themselves and do not tse
this shaving cream are certainly behind the improvement and
comforts of the times.
On hand, a few boxes of very superior Cologne, (Parina.)
feb 12-ftif
DRAWS ON WEDNESDAY IN BALTIMORE.
CONSOLIDATED MARYLAND LOTTERY No. 42,
1 prizeof $16,000 1 prize of S1,'28
1 do 4,0001 10 prizes of 1,000
1 do 2,oW,I &e. &c. SC.
let or 2d drawn numbers $1Sip-3d or 4th drawn niumrbers 'i.
Tickets only $5-Halves $8 50-Ouarters $1 25.
For sale by J. G. GREGORY & CO. Managers,
Nest dooreastaofGadby's Hotel, Washmngtoai
feb 15










WASHINGTON.

"tLiberty and Union, now and forever, one and
Inseparable."

WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1841.

THE BANKRUPT LAW RATIFIED.

Whatever apprehension has been felt by the
friends of the General Bankrupt law of the post-
ponement of its operation, was effectually put at
rest by a vote taken in the SENATE yesterday. The
bill introduced, on leave, some time ago, by Mr.
BENTON,; having reached a stage in which it could
be acted upon, no disposition being shown to de-
bate it, the question was put, in due course, upon
ordering it to be engrossed for a third reading,
and decided in the negative by a majority of five
votes. So the bill was rejected; and the ques-
tion is settled beyond the hope or the fear of fur-
ther agitation, that the bankrupt law will have its
full effect until the next session of Congress,
and until (should that ever come to pass) the pub-
lic voice shall demand its repeal.

THE DISTRICT BANKS.
A bill was yesterday passed in the House of
Representatives (and it is supposed will pass the
Senate) to release the Banks of the District of Co-
lumbia from a restriction which operates, even at
present, so as to effectively prevent the banks from
transacting any business of much use either to
themselves or to the community, and which, on
the first of next month, would have had the effect
to put a stop to all of the very little business
which they have lately been. able to do. We re-
fer to the restriction which prohibits the banks
from paying out or lending the only sort of mo-
ney that is in circulation in this District, being
the paper of banks-(principally of Maryland and
Virginia) which have suspended specie payments.
This restriction is proposed by the bill to be re-
pealed, with the qualification that the banks shall
not lend' or pay out any bank notes which, at
the time of such loan or payment, are not receiv-
able by them at par in payment of debts.

The Legislature of VIRGINIA was occupied during Friday
ifnd Saturday last in an ineffectual effort to elect a Governor
of that Commonwealth. On the first day two votes were
taken-EDwARD WATTS, of Roanoke, being the Whig can-
didate, and WILLIAM P. TAYLOR, of Caroline, the Locofoco
candidate-the first of which resulted in 80 votes for Mr.
Watts, 79 for Mr. TAYLOR, and five scattering; on the se-
cond vote, each of the candidates received 81 votes, and there
were two scattering. ANDREW STEVENSON, late Minister to
England, was then nominated on the part of the Locos, and
further proceedings postponed to next day; when six more
unsuccessful votes were taken, the highest vote for Mr. STE-
VENSON being 79, against 71 far Mr. SUMMERS, who had been
put in nomination as the Whig candidate in place of Mr.
WATTS, withdrawn.
RISE IN THE OHnto.-The waters of the Ohio have beer
very high for more than a week past, in many places over-
flowing its banks. For a day or two the mail had to be car-
ried from Beaver to Pittsburg by boats, the contractors being
unable to pass their coaches over the low grounds. At Pitts-
burg, on Wednesday last, at 5 o'clock P. M. there were 11j
feet of water in the channel.

How incalculably would the tone of conversation be im-
proved, if it offered no exceptions to the example of Bishop
BEVERIDOE'1 I resolve never to speak of a man's virtue,
to his face, nor of his faults behind his back." A golden
rule!I the observation of which would at once banish flattery
and defamation from the earth. Conversation stock being
joint and common property, every one should take a share in
it; and yet there may be societies in which silence will bi
our best contribution. When ISOOiATES, dining with thi
King of Cyprus, was asked why ho did not mix in the dis
course of the company, he replied, "' What is seasonable,
do not know, and what I know is not seasonable."
[Raleigh Reg.
NEW ORLEANS, FEBRUARY 3.
HORRIBLE TRANSACTION.-An examination was yesterday
held before Recorder Bertus, in relation to the dead body o
a man found on Tuesday evening on Maine, between Conde
and Royal streets. From the testimony it appears that th,
deceased, between 9 and 10 o'clock on the evening mention
ed, attempted to force open the door of the watchmaker shop
of Bartholomew Canessa, when the latter fired on him, put
ting four buck shot in his right side, which produced install
death. One witness says he saw the flash of the gun an(
the deceased stagger a few feet and fall. The body was taken
to the jail yard of the First Municipality and publicly expos
ed, in order that it might be identified. From the best infor
nation that could be obtained, the name of the deceased i
HENRY VINEGAR, a German by birth. Canessa delivered
himself up to the officers, and was bound over in the sum o
$6,000 to stand his trial at the criminal court. Great excite
ment exists about the matter, and various rumors are afloat
but as the transaction will undergo legal investigation, i
would be improper to say any thing more at present.-Cre
scent.
BUFFALO, (N. Y.) FEBRUARY 7.
BRIDGE OP ICE AT NIAGARA F4LLs,-The river below th
great cataract presents at this time a most singular phenome
non, being completely bridged over from the foot of Tabl
Rock to a distance of a mile and a half, by an arch of impact
ed ice, of immense thickness, which has been crossed daily
by travellers and visitors for a week past, in perfect safety
The ice, broken into very fine pieces in its passage over th
Falls, has risen up below in such quantities and with suec
force, that the mass has been elevated no less than thirty-fiv
feet above the summer level of the river, and, frozen solid
together by the showering spray, presents a firm mas', wit
occasional fissures several feet in width, and of great depth
So permanent seems this wonderful barrier of Nature, that
small building has been erected on it, and occupied as
grocery.
On Monday night last a soldier lost his life in attemptin
to desert from the Canadian side below the Falls. In order
to elude the sentinel, he procured a cord, and essayed to If
himself down the precipice, between Table Rock and th
Ferry, but the breaking of the cord dashed him lifeless o
the rocks and the ice below.- Corn. Adv.

NEWARE, (N. J.) FEBRUARY 12.
ANOTHER RAILROAD WARNINO, of the most affecting chain
acter, was given last evening at the railroad bridge in th
vicinity. As the Philadelphia train from New York was er
tering upon the bridge over the Passaic, Mr. Robert Willih
lately a commission merchant of New York, went out upo
the platform of one of the cars. At the moment the trai
entered on the curve, Mr. Willis was thrown off by th
usual but sudden motion of the car, being precipitated about
fifteen feet down the bank against a post. The moment th
dreadful accident was discovered, medical aid was promptly
called, and Drs. Darcy, Smith, Pennington, and Nicholts
were soon present. They f.end him sensible, with one le
broken, a severe case of compound fracture, and material
injured internally. He was removed to the Railroad Hous
on the bridge, and every possible moans used to alleviate hi
sufferings, but his injuries were beyond the reach of medics
skill, and he died about 11 o'clock, having lain some five e
s'x hours. We understand that he retained hji faculties uut
a very few minutes before his death-of the approach t
which he appeared fully sensible, thanking those who waite
on him for their kindness and attention,


We trust this distressing case will prove a salutary warr
ing, and that passengers will in future scrupulously observe
the rulbs of the road, and not expose themselves by leaving
their seats, especially on the platforms.- Daily Advertiser,

Mr. ABEL GUNN, a soldier of the Revolution, in the 88h
year of his age, died at Poughkeepsie'(N. Y.) on the 9th ir
stant. Mr. Gunn was under the personal command of Get
Washington dirimg all the early part of the war, and engage
in most of the actions that marked the disastrous campaign
of 1776, from the defeat of the Americana on Long Islan
and their retreat through New York and New Jersey int
Pennsylvania. He was in the party that crossed the PDel
ware with, Washington on the night of the memorable 25t
of December, 1776, and captured the Hessians at Trenton
was also one of the party that overturned the statue of Georg
IlI. in New York at the commencement of the war in 177.
He had been for more than. fifty years a resident of Pougl
keepsie, and for the past thirty years an exemplary member o
the Episcopal Church. He was buried with military honors
[Eagle.
The Montreal Herald of Thursday week says; Th
health of the inhabitants in the'city has seldom been in s
bad a state as at present, and deaths are more numerous tha
in any years excepting those when the cholera decimated th
land. We have been informed, on good authority, that their
were about one hundred andflty interments last week in th
Roman Catholic burial ground alone,"


LATE FROM FLORIDA.

REPUBLICAN OtFFICE, SAVANNAH, FB. 10, 1842.
We learn from a correspondent that on the 2d instant the
garrison at Fort Mellon were surprised by the sudden appear-
ance at the gates of two warriors in rich costume, bearing a
flag of truce. There being no interpreter at the post, none
could tell from whence they came, or what was their business
They were placed under guard, and an express immediately
started to Pilatka for an interpreter, Much gossip is afloat
concerning the object of their mission. Some suppose them
to be spies from the band of Halleck- Tastenuggee, recently
routed by Major PLYMPTON; while others imagine them to be
a delegation from some band desirous of partaking of tlhe
hospitalities of Fort Mellon, i. e. "ration for herself and
fom'ly." Be it as it may, they appear in any t'ing but a suf-
fering condition; the pouch of one of them, in lieu of game,
was partly filled with silver dollars ; and the general appear-
ance of both was indicative rather of the pride of the con-
queror than the humiliation of the pursued,
We also learn that the friendly band of Indians which was
mounted by order of Colonel WORTH, and which absented
itself from Tampa Bay without leave, has been pursued by
Captain GWINN, of the 8th, come up with, dismounted, dis-
armed, and returned back sans ceremonies to Tampa. The
Creeks have not come in according to promise, and are con-
sidered decidedly hostile.
CORRESPONDENCE OF THE SAVANNAH REPUBLICAN.
PILATKA, FEBRUARY 14, 1842.
The steamer General Taylor has just returned from Fort
Mellon, to which post she departed yesterday with a detach-
ment of troops, under the command of Lieutenant MURRAY,
to reinforce that garrison. The two Indians who came in
under a white flag at Fort Mellon have confessed that their
party is concealed on the Ahapopka, about twenty-seven miles
from Fort Mellon. The command al Fort Mellin, with the
exception of a guard left to protect the post, was to march
this day, under the guidance of one of the Indians, who says
he is cousin to Wild Cat, (Coacoochee,) to attack the hostile
band. Yours, in haste.
FROM THE ST. AUGUSTINE NEWS OF FEBRUARY 5.
IMPORTANT PROM TAMPA BAY.-We learn from a correct
source that Colonel WORTH, immediately after the escape of
Tigertail, despatched a command of Dragoons to the With-
lacoochee-where the Tallahassees, under Nea-. Thlucko-E-
Mathla had been previously sent in pursuit of some straggling
Creeks and other Indians-for the purpose of counteracting
any defection in that band, which the escape of Tigertail
might possibly induce, with orders to seize, if necessary, and
bring the whole into Tampa; which order was promptly
and successfully executed, and the 27 warriors composing
the band arrived at Tampa on the 27th ult. and were imme-
diately pat on ship board for their voyage to the far West.
Thechief, Nea- Thlucko-E-Mathla, we are informed, has act-
ed throughout in perfect good faith-though some of his
subordinates have manifested a disposition to play false.
The steamer C. Downing, Captain Pitcher, arrived here
on Thursday last from Southern posts. We learn that the
steamer Cincinnati had left Fort Lauderdale for Tampa Bay,
with Company 1. 3d Artillery, commanded by Capt. BURKE,
together with sixty-five Indians. These are the Indians
captured some time since by Captain WADE.
Two Indian warriors came in at Fort Mellon a few days
since. They state that there are a number of families at
Ahapopka who also desire to come ip.
Asa faithful chronicler of events, it becomes our unpleasant
duty to record an outrageous, and, fir our orderly and quiet
city, an unusual breach of the peace on Sunday evening last.
Mrs. ZILPAH HUTHER, in a violent outbreak of ungovernable
rage and passion, to which she is unhappily too prone, inflict-
ed three dangerous wounds on her husband with a dirk.
The weapon passed twice from the back through into the
lungs. Mr. H. lies in a most precarious state, and as the
matter will no doubt be the subject (f a judicial investigation,
we forbear further comment.
Another of the Ohio banks-the Bank of Hamilton, in
SButler county-has made an assignment of its effects with a
View to a liquidation of its affairs.
The United States frigate MACEDONtAN, bearing the broad
* pennant of Commodore WILKSINSON, has arrived at Pensacola.
A correspondent of the Rochester Post, writing from Owe-
Sgo, says "that six oat of the eight bridges upon the Ithaca
. and Owego Railroad have been carried away, and other
. damage done."
S The Legislature of Rhode Island has repealed the law
- which was passed against the Freemnasons in the times of
Santi-Masonic excitement.
The schooner Liberty, one of the two armed vessels lately
built in New York for the Mexican service, was wrecked on
Stirrup Key on the 21st ultimo, and entirely lost.
a Grogan, the patriot, whose seizure in Vermont and im-
prisonment in Montreal last fall caused so much noise, died
Sat Champlain on the 7th of January.
0 The Albany papers state that Mr. VAN BUREN intends
e shortly to pay a visit to General JACKSON at the Hermitage.
COMMODORE BALLARD.-This distinguished officer, who
l has been for some time confined at Baltimore by dangerous
indisposition, has so far recovered his health as to entertain
the hope of being able soon to leave his apartment.
Mr. BANCROFT states that Yale College owes its birth to
y ten worthy farmers, who, in 1770, assembled at Bradford,
t and each one laying a few volumes on a table said, I give
e these books for the founding of a college in this colony."
. Such was the small beginning of Yale College.
p A PURITAN RELIC.-On Sunday last, was baptised in New
SYork, by Rev. William Adams, an infant named John Cot-
i ton-the young pilgrim being enveloped in a blanket brought
over by the Rev. John Cotton, the non-conformist, in 1633,
and in which he himself, his son Seaborn, born on the voyage,
Shis daughter, the wife of President Increase Mather, his
s grandson Cotton Mather, and a host of their descendants,
Shave, in their different generations, been carried to the bap-
tismal font.- N. Y. Corn. Adv.
S The late freshet appears to have been very disastrous along
Sthe valley of the Chenango, (New York.) We learn from
i the Oxford Times that so sudden and unexpected was the
rise, that whole flocks ofsheep were rairied away by the cur-
rent. We have heard of one or two instances where cows
and other stock were swept off before they could be rescued.
I We are informed that a factory belonging to Mr. Wilcox,
Situated four or five miles below Oxf.ird, was turned over,
e and the machinery destroyed. We understand that much
t- damage was done to the premises known as Van Wagenen's
_ mills, situated about three miles northeast of the village,
S The canal in this section has been considerably injured;
Sto what extent, however, we can form no estimate.
h The bridge across the Unadilla river, at Mount Upton, has
F been rendered impassable, in consequence of a portion of it
y being carried away. The bridges at South Bainbridge and
h at Ninevah, across the Suequehannah, and also the one over
the Chenango, at the Forks, have been swept away. We
j hear, also, that the flood has been tremendous at Binghamp-
ton, Owego, and through all that section of the country.
At Canajoharie, as we learn from the Radii, on Friday
, morning, the buildings attached to the distillery were washed
,r away, with four or five hundred hogs, which were taken
t down the stream. A miller by the name of Wilky went
e among the ice to procure wood, when the water came in
such a torrent that he was swept away in the mass, in full
view of his agonized family.-Albany Daily Adv.
POWERS, THE AMERICAN SCULPTsOR.-In an article in the
Boston Miscellany on this subject, by Governor Everett, the
r- remarks that a favorable illusion produced by Powers, be-
is yond every thing ever witnessed from the chisel of any other
t- artist, consists in his peculiar faculty of giving to the surface
s, of his marble a delicate roughness which absolutely counter-
n feats flesh. This he effects hy instruments of his own con-
n trivance, avoiding in this way the glassy effect produced by
o polishing the surface of statues and busts, which is observa-
it ble in the finest works of the ancient sculptors. And this
e roughness, so called by Mr. Everett, is what Migliarini terms
y "the porosities and habitual wrinkles of the skin."
as Mr. Powers has nearly completed the model of a rude sta-
g tue, which promises great perfectness, representing the mother
y of mankind contemplating the apple, which she holds in her
e right hand, after having so far listened to the tempter as to
is pluck the fruit. It is a moment not dwelt upon by Milton,
aI but it is, says Mr. Everett, a fine conception to establish an
r interval between plucking and eating the fruit. His whole
il ptatpe is the fruit of the most laborioqs study, the most acute
if obseryation, and profound thought. He has executed also an
d ideal head of great beauty, called "QGenevra," the conception


of which wap suggested by the well known description in
n- Mr. Rogers's Italy. He has also planned a sea-boy on the
e shore, holding a shell to his ear, and listening to the fore-
g bodings it gives of the storm ; and he :.as projected a work
representing a Grecian maiden exposed for sale in a Turkish
slave market.'t
h
n- CURE FOR DiseAsEs IN PEACH TREEs.--The application to
i. the trees consists of salt and saltpetre combined, in the pro-
d portion of one part of saltpetre to eight parts of salt, one half
is pound of tlhe mixture to a tree seven years old and upward, to
d be applied upon the surface of the ground around and in im-
o mediate contact with the trunk of the tree. This will destroy
- the worm but to more effectually preserve the tree I also
h sow this mixture over my orchard, at the rate of two bushels
S to the acre. The size of the fruit is increased, and the flavor
e very greatly improved, the worm destroyed, and the yellows
5. prevented.
of PORTRAITS OF THE PRESIDENTS.
, C. A. WAKEFIRLD, of Boston, has just published a very
expensive s'eel Engraving of Portraits ofihs Presidents of
the United States, executed by a superior art t, from the most
e celebrated paintings in the country. Every one who wishes
o to preserve a faithful representation of our Chief Magistrates
n should possess a copy. It is well suited for a parlor orna-
e ment, and the price is remarkably loV-only one dollar. It
e may be seen at Gadsby's for a few days only. Those who
te wish a copy will leave their names and places of residence,
and the agent will deliver them.


OFFICIAL.

JOHN TYLER,
PRESIDENT OP THE UNITED STATES OP AMERWA,
TO ALL WHOM IT MAY CONCERN.
Satisfactory evidence having been exhibited to
me that L. H. MEYrER has been appointed
Consul of the Kingdom of Hanover for the port
of New York, I do hereby recognize him as
such, and declare him free to exercise and en-
joy such functions, powers, and privileges as are
allowed to the Consuls of the most favored na-
tions in the United States.
In testimony whereof, I have caused these letters to be
made patent, and the seal of the United States to be-hereunto
affixed.
Given under my hand at the city of Washington, the
[L. a.] 12th day of February, A. D. 1842, and of the Inde-
pendence of the United States of America the sixty-
sixth.
JOHN TYLER.
By the President:
DANIEL WEBSTER, Secretary of State.

JOHN TYLER,
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
TO ALL WHOM IT MAY CONCERN.
Satisfactory evidence having been' exhibited to
me that CARLO GIOVANNI has been appointed
Consul of Tuscany for the port of Mobile, in
the State of Alabama, I do hereby recognize
him as such, and declare him free to exercise and
enjoy such functions, powers, and privileges as
are allowed to the Consuls of the most favored
nations in the United States.
In testimony whereof, I have caused these letters to be
made patent, and the seal of the United States to be hereunto
affixed.
Given under my hand, at the city of Washington, the
[L. a.] twelfth day of February, A. D. 1842, and of
the Independence of the United States of America
the sixty-sixth. JOHN TYLER.
JOHN TYLER.
By the President:
DANIEL WEBSTER, Secretary of State.

MARRIAGES.
On Sunday morning, 13th instant, by the Rev. ELI Nu-
GENT, LEWIS DELANY, M. D. of this city, ta ANNjI
GRAHAM, of Alexandria, D. C.
On Monday, the 7th instant, by the Rev. Mr. HAWLEY,
BENJAMIN T, REILLY to Miss JANE THOMSON,
all of this city.
DEATHS.
At Georgetown, on Saturday, the 12th instant, SARAH
ELLEN PEARSON, daughter of CATHERINE and the late
JOSEPH PEARSON, in the 15th year of her age.
In noticing the death of one so young, beautiful, and be-
loved, I am induced to quote the exalted reflections of Dick-
ens upon the death of his favorite little heroine, dear, gen-
tle, patient, noble Nell." They are peculiarly appropriate, as
the character of this sweet child was that of NELL, in real
life-the same gentle virtues which touch and win all hearts
irresistibly.
Oh! it is hard to take to heart the lesson that such deaths
will teach, but let no man reject it, for it is one that all must
learn; and is a mighty, universal truth. When Death strikes
down the innocent and young, for every fragile form from
which he lets the panting spirit free, a hundred virtues rise,
in shapes of mercy, charity, and love, to walk the world and
bless it with their light. Of every tear that sorrowing mor-
tals shed on such green graves, some good is born, some
gentler nature comes. In the Destroyer's steps there spring
up bright creations that defy his power, and his dark path
becomes a way of light to Heaven." W.
On Tuesday, the 15th instant, EDWARD PREBLE, infant
son of JOHN S and MARIA CHAUNCEY.
J1-St. Peter's Church, Capitol Hill.-The very Rev.
Dr. Moriarty will deliver a Temperance Lecture in this Church
on Wednesday evening, 16th instant, at 7 o'clock.
'After the Lecture the members of the Society will renew the
pledge of Total Abstinence, which will be administered also to
new members, feb 15-2t
COLLECTOR'S OFFICE, CITY HALL',
JANUARY 19, 1842.
C ITY TAXES FOR 1841.-Deduction for prompt
payment.- Notice is hereby given that a deduction of ten
per cent. will be made frem all tax bills for the year 1841 which
shall be paid at this office within the present or the next month,
(January and February.)
jan 20-2awtMar lif A. ROTHWELL, Collector.
NORTHERN LIBERITIES TEMPERANCE
L GROCERY.-C. P. WANNALL, corner of 9th and I
streets, keeps constantly for sale a general assortment of Family
Groceries, embracing every article usually kept by Grocers, ex-
cept liquors, which he will sell on as reasonable terms ns they
can be purchased any where in the city. feb 2-2td<cp
I UT t0e' FASHION I-A small lot of HATS of last sum-
mer's fashion are offered at 30 per cent. less than retail
prices, by 0. FISH & Co. Fashionable Hatters,
137 Broadway, N. Y. end Brown's Hotel, Washington.
feb 12-3tif
WATCH LOST.-Loston Pennsylvania avenue, between
Third and Seventh streets, yesterday morning, a large gilt
WATCH, with green riband attached to it. A liberal reward
will be given to any person leaving the same at the office of the
National Ifintelligencer. feb 16-3t
N ItOR SALE.-A splendid pair of Arabian Horses. They
r are a beautiful nankeen or cream color, with white manes
and tails, and 5 and 6 years old. They can be seen either at Wal-
ker and Kimmel's Stable, or in passing and repassing through
Pennsylvania avenue, to-day and to-morrow, if pleasant.
Also, a strong well built wagon and two sets harness.
feb 16-3t
ACES! LACESI LACES l-Interesting to the
Ladles.-F. Pulvermacher's cheap Lace and Riband
Store, nearly opposite the Union Hotel, Georgetown, will posi-
tively close in a few days, and is now selling Laces and Ribands
cheaper than ever. The ladies who wish to purchase bargains
will please to give us a call before we close. There is no use in
publishing our prices, as they are well known by the ladies.
feb 16-3t
W ANTED, A WET NliVRSE, ayith a fresh breast of
milk. Good recommendation is required, and liberal
wages will be given. Apply to ....


feb 16-3t


MARTIN MURPHY,
corner of4I street and Penn. avenue.


PRICE OF WOOD REDUCED.-I have for sale
300 or 400 cords of best quality pine wood for 83 50 per
cord, for cash, at my wood yard, at the 14th street bridge, on the
Tiber, or Canal.
feb 16-3teo GEO. MeDVELL.
NEW VESSEL FOR SALE, at Auction.,
/j By George White.-On Tuesday, the 1st day
j i March, at noon, will be sold at Janney's wharf, Alex-.
andris, D. C. the good schooner EDGAli, built last
BSa-d summer, of locut, cedar, white oak, and North Caro-
lina pine; burden 37 tons; carries 1,800 bushels of grain, and
draws when loaded but four and a half feet water. She was
built expressly to accommodate freights from the creeks empty-
iiug inte the Potomac, and would also suit well for the bay trade,
and the canals near Norfolk, or the Chesapeake and Delaware
Canal. For the qualities of the vessel reference is made to Rob't
W. Hunter, of Alexandria, who built her.
A liberal credit will be allowed on a portion of the purchase
money. J. & J. H. JANNEY,
feb 16-eo3t Alexandria.
AGAINST IN SILKS, &c.-THOS. T. BARNES8
being anxious to reduce lhi stock of the following articles,
will sell them at cost:
Splendid new style Chene Silks
Rich figured and plain black and blue-black do
New style figured and plain Poult de Soie
Black and blue-black Gros de Swiss
Single and double width Station Silks
Mousselines de Laines in great variety
Splendid silk and satin Mantillas and Scarfs
Crape, Merino, and Cashmere Shawls
Blanket and Broche do
N. I. All indebted to ie will please pay in current funds.
feb 16-3t T. T. B.
MORE SPLENDID PIANO FORTE99-T. J.
PALMER, Ninth street, fopr doors from Pennsylvania ave-
nue, has just received two beautiful Rosenkranitz Pianos, one of
rosewood, the other mahogany, which he offers to the Public at
reasonable prices. These superior instruments are reoopmmended
by Mr. Hewitt, a Professor whose judgment cannot be disputed.
A large assorytOent of rew and fashionable Music.
More of those splendid fancy-gilt Frames. All kinds of FrItps
made to order.
Ir Fashionable Piano Stools. feb 16-3t
"U-OR RENT,-The two story brick house on the corner
IV of G and 18th streets, one square west of the President's
House. The house contains nine rooms, a dry cellar, with the
convenience of a dry well, and a wood house separate from the
dwelling. Inquire next door.
feb 10-3t M. A. KING.
S UNGLISON'S PRACTICE OF MEDICINE.
U- A Treatise on Special Pathology and Therapeutics, 2 volts,
1842. Just published, and this day received for sale by F. TAY-
LOR. Also, Rigby'a System of Midwifery, I volume, 1841.
Trail's Medical Jurisprudence, 1 volume, 1841. Robertson's
Practical Treatise on the Human Teeth, 1 volume, 1841.
Outlines of Anatomy and Physiology, translated from the French
of Milne Edwards by J. F. W. Lane, M. D., I volume 1841.
Principles and Practice of Obstetric Medicine and Surgery, by F.
H. Ramsbotham, M. D., 1 volume 1842. On the Cure of Bron-
chitis and Consumption by inhalation, by Edward Teunet Coxe,
M. D., 1 volume 1842. Diseases cf the Alimentary Canal and
Constipation, by W. Broackes, M. D., I volume 1841. Gross's
Pathological Anatomy, 2 volumes. Gallop's Institutes of Medi-
cine. Billard on Diseases of Infants. The Causes and Copse-
quences of Habitual Constipation, by Jshn Burne, 1 volume.
Miscellanies of Hommoepathliy, edited by an Association of Ho-
-r.aepathic Physicians, 1 volume. And other l]te works, too
numerous for an advertisement.
A valuable collection of standard Medical and Surgical Books
constantly kept up by the advertiser, for sale in every case at the
lowest New York and Philadelphia prices. feb 1


CITY INTELLIGENCE.

THE WEATHER, about sunset last Monday, underwent
another sudden change, and became extremely cold, a strong
wijpd having sprung up from the northwest, which in a short
time completely dried up our avenues and streets, which had
become very muddy by the heavy rain of the previous day.

GEORGETOWN ASSEMBLIES.-The brilliant assemblies which
have been held during the present winter at the Washington
Assembly Rooms may probably have put our Georgetown
neighbors into the notion of providing similar amusements in
their social and compact community. We are certainly
pleased to read the announcement, which will be found in
another, column under the advertising head, of an assembly
which is to be given at the Assembly Rooms of the Union
Hotel on the 17th instant. We hope our friends in George-
town will meet with liberal encouragement. The list of
managers is highly respectable.

POLICE INTELLIGENCU.-An investigation took place last
Saturday, at the jail of Washington county, before Justices
Giberson and Thompson, which arose on a complaint made
against Addison Brown, who was charged under oath with
firing a gun with intent to kill his own son, Andrew Brown,
a lad of about fourteen years of age. The prisoner was assisted
in his defence by Messrs. Stephens and Wallach; but the Jus-
tices, after patiently hearing a great number of witnesses, re-
quired the prisoner to give bail in $400 for his appearance at
the next Criminal Court. Sufficient bail being procured by
the prisoner in the course of the evening, the Justices ordered
his release from confinement.

1- The Police Constable of the Fourth Ward, H. R.
Maryman, desires us to give public notice for him, that, on
and after the 18Ih instant, he intends to proceed against all
owners of dogs in that Ward who have not taken out their
licenses, or renewed the same, agreeably to the requisitions of
the city ordinance in that case made and provided.

FOR THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE.
Messrs. EDITORS: In consequence of the efforts made in
this city and elsewhere to discredit the notes of all the Virgi.
nia banks, and more especially of the Bank of Virginia, I
addressed a letter of inquiry to the chairman of the Committee
on Finance of the House of Delegates of Virginia, in relation
to its condition, and he authorizes me to say that there is not
a shadow of foundation for the rumors injurious toits credit.
As one of your correspondents asks for "some'4lints,"
whereby the people of this District are to expect relief from
the grinding oppression practised upon them, I respectfully
suggest to all persons in the city, and more especially to stran-
gers and members of Congress, not to deal with persons who
will not take Virginia and Maryland notes, which are the
currency of the District. I perceive that Mr. STETTINIUS has
advertised his willingness to receive those notes, and I have
no doubt that other merchants will follow his commendable
example. If, however, there should be any difficulty on that
point, it will be very easy for gentlemen to obtain their sup-
plies from Alexandria and Baltimore, where the Maryland
and Virginia notes are readily received in payment for goods.
FEBRUARY 14. A VIRGINIAN.
N. B. I would respectfully suggest to those persons who
intend to receive Virginia and Maryland notes in payment,
to say so in their advertisements.
Messrs. GALES & SEATON: As one of those individuals
who refuse to take Virginia paper in payment of debts, except
at the discount charged by brokers, I beg leave to reply to the
questions asked by 0. in the Corner."
I would ask him what currency purchases in Baltimore,
Philadelphia, New York, and here, the Virginia paper I We
have no trade with Virginia to bring it here. It must there-
fore be purchased, and something better given for it. Would
not the currency that bought the Virginia be the one we
should trade on, instead of depreciated Virginia paper
The trading people of the District have every reason to
believe that our banks will supply us with a currency if we
can get clear of Virginia paper.
t" does not appear to consider the trading part of his
fellow-citizens as entitled to any consideration. They sell
their goods for an advance of 10 or 12 per cent., and are paid
in a currency on which they are compelled to lose from 6 to
7. I would ask, is not that enough to make them protest
against receiving it
The only connexion the merchants of the city have with
the brokers is, they have to sell the Virginia money to them
at whatever discount they may exact. The disbursements of
the Government are certainly the chief currency we have;
and if those who receive it would sell for District or Balti-
more funds, (and then they make 2 or 3 per cent.) we should
have at once a good currency.
I believe I have answered all his inquiries, and, knowing
the crowded state of your columns, I will not take more of
your room at present.
One of the Advertisers.

MESSRS. EDITORS: In the Intelligencer of this morning 1
see a terrific warning uttered against hucksters, and the
old scarecrow cf "the huckster humbug" again revisitingg
the glimpses of the moon." Now, s.rs, as you have the pub-
lic weal in keeping, and are yourselves caterers for it, would
it not be as well for you to strike at the root of the evil at
once, and decry the huckster traffic altogether; forbidding
this monopoly-this firestalling-this stock-jobbing in poul-
try, vegetables, fruit, and butter!' Why cavil about license
and its discrimination. Why, if you have the public good at
heart, and not the filling of the Corporation coffers, do you
not take this ground 7 If I have the right, and am permitted
to forestall the markets, by meeting the real producers out of
town, and am resolved to do so, hew much, think you, do
you save to the community by heaping additional taxes upon
Sme in the shape of licenses 1 Is it not palpable, reasonable,
that I should add this cost to my prices, and so draw still
harder upon the purses of the consumers 7 Now, as one in
the trade, I will be willing to take a nobler calling, and re-
linquish my part in the traffic-although a very lucrative
one-if it can be made a general thing. If your laws will
make it penal to sell turkeys, geese, ducks, &c., two weeks
killed, and passed through every process the ingenuity of
huckster can devise to keep them from putrescence, of the
suspicion of it-disordering the stomach of the purchaser, and
costing him perhaps twice as much as the farmer who
reared them calculated to obtain when fresh-there will be
real service done to the community ; but until this is effected,
let us hear no more about licenses and deception, and fraud
and tricklts played upon the unsuspecting; it will be looked
upon as humbug," if not as hypocrisy. "It is to be hoped
that the publishers of newspapers in the adjacent counties i f
Virginia and Maryland,"' who "copy your notice" will
append this communication.
A HUCKSTER.

WASHINGTON CORPORATION.

BOARD Or ALDERMEN, MONiDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1842.
Present, Messrs. Goldsborough, (President,) Barclay, Orme,
Wilson, Goddard, Maury, Carbery, Adams, Byingten, Brady,
Marshall, and Dove.
Mr. ADAMS introduced a resolution authorizing an adjournment
of the two Boards this evening until Monday, the 23th instant;
,hich was read, and adopted by yeas and nays, as follows :
YEAs-Messrs. Barclay, Orme, Goddard, Carbery, Adams,
Byington- 6.
NAys-Messrs. Goldsborough, Brady, Dove-3.
Mr. GODDAsD presented a petition frmn Michael Hoover; which
was referred to the Committee of Claims.
Mr. ORMe presented a petition from George McDowell ; which
was referred to the Committee of Claims.
Mr. CABSERY, from the Committee on Improvements, reported,
without amendment, the bill from the Board of Common Council
making an sppropriution for repairing a bridge in the Fifth Ward;
and it was then read the third times and passed.
Mr. BARCLAY, from the committee to which the Mayor's com-
munication of the 7th instant, on the subject of the currency, was
referred, made a report thereon, and asked to be discharged from
the further consideration of the subieet; and the question being
taken, it was decided in tho oa 'mativo.
The CHAIR laid before the Baard a Letter from the Union Fire
Company, inviting tie Mayor anm the two Baards to attend the
lecture of the Hon. Mr. Hudson before that company this evening ;
which was read.
Mr- GOnDAao introduced a resolution ill ,... Mr. Webb the
use of this chamber on the evening of tim '! 'in --T this montht for
the purpose of delivering a free lecture on the mode of manufao-
turiog sugar from corn-stalks; which was read and adopterS.
On motion of Mr. GODDARD, the Board resumed the aonsidera-
iion of tile bill from time Board of Common Council, >..ii.,i .,.
the paving of two gutters across I street." The ,mi .j. [it.,,
amended, read the third time as amended, and passed.
Qn motion of Mr. GODDARD, the Board resumed the considera-
tion of the bill "For the relief of Andrew ijooteo." The bill was
then read the third time, and pastpd by yeas and nays, as follows
YAs--Messra. Goidsborough, Barclay, Orme, Wilson, Brady,
lMarshall, Dove- 7.
t4AY s-Messrs. Goddard, Carbery, Adams, Byington-4.
And then the Board adioqrued,


approved by him; which amendment was agreo to by the follow-
ing vote: I
YlAs-Messrs. Wilson, Harkness, Beck, French, Van Res-
wick, Miller, Ferguson, Palmer, Crandell, Clark-10.
NAYS-Messrs. Easby, Johnson, Haliday, Radcliff, Bacon,
Bryan, and Hanly-7.
Mr. HARKNESS moved that the report be laid upon the table ;
which motion was negatived, as follows :
YeAS-Messrs. Easby, Harkness, French, Ferguson, and
Hanly-5.
NAYSe-Messrs. Wilson, Johnson, Haliday, Radeliff, Bacon,
Bryan, Beck, Van Reawick, Miller, Pulmer, Crandell, and
Clark-12.
Mr. FRENCH moved to amend the 7th section by inserting in the
second line, after the word "lay," the words "a poll tax upon
every free white male citizen of the age of 21 years or upwards,
not exceeding one dollar and fifty cents per annum, and collect
the same by warrant, as in all other cases of small debts ;" and af-
Ster the word "and," in the same line, add to lay and."
Mr. HARKNESS moved to amend the amendment by adding af-
ter the word citizen" the words who shall not have been as-
sessed on the books of the Corporation for real or personal pro-
perty."
The question being taken on Mr. Harkness's amendment, it was
negatived, as follows:
YEAs-Messrs. Johnson, Radeliff, Harkness, Bacon, Beck,
Ferguson, Fulmer, and Crandell-8.
NAYS-Messrs. Easby, Wilson, Haliday, Bryan, French, Van
Reswick, Miller, Clark, and Hanly-9.
Mr. EASBY moved to amend the amendment by striking out the
words "and fifty cents ;" which motion was negatived, as follows :
YEAS-Messrs. Easbv, Johnson, Radeliff, Harkness, French,
Miller, Ferguson, and Fulmer-8.
NAYS-Messrs. Wilsoni, Haliday, Bacon, Bryan, Beck, Van
Reswick, Crandell, Clark, and Hanly-9.
The question recurring on Mr. French's amendment, it was
disagreed to, as follows :
YEAs-Messrs. Holiday, Bryan, French, and Hanly-4.
NAYs-Messrs. Easby, Wilson, Johnson, Radeliff, Harkness,
Bacon, Beck, Van Reswick, Miller, Ferguson, Fulmer, Crandell,
and Clark-13.
Mr. EASBY moved to amend the 7th section by striking out the
clause empowering the Corporation t, regulate the fare of hack-
ney carriages, &c. and the rates of hauling by carters, &-.; which
motion was negatived, as follows :
YEAs-MessIs. Easby, Harkness, Van Reswick, Ferguson,
Craridell, and Hanly-6.
NATs-Messrs. Wilson, Johnson, Haliday, Radeliff, Bacon,
Bryan, Beck, French, Miller, Fulmer, and Clark- 11.
Mr. JOHNSON moved to amend the same section, by striking out
in the fourth line, the words "money lent out or deposited at in-
terest ;" which was negatived.
Mr. JOHNSON moved to amend the same clause by adding after
the ward "company" the words "Stite or City Corporation;"
which motion was agreed to.
On motion of Mr. BACON, thie 7th section was amended by in-
serting after the word fire" the words and to provide for the
construction of reservoirs for the extinguishment of fires, and to
assess the cost thereof upon such property as the Boards may de-
termine derive a benefit therefrom."
Mr. BACON moved that the report be laid on the table ; which
motion was negatived.
Mr. BACON moved that the Board do nowadjoirn ; which ma-
tion was negatived, as follows -
YEAs-Messrs. Radcliff, Bacon, Fergueon, Crandell, Clark,
and Hanly- 6.
NAYs-Messrs. Easby, Wilson, Johnson, Holiday, Harkness,
Bryan, Beck, French, Van Reswick, Miller, and Palu!mer- 11.
On motion of Mr. HAKNEaSS, the report was then laid on the
table by the following vote :
YEAs-Messrs. Easby, Wilsan, Radcliff, Harkness, Beck,
French, Van Reswick, Miller, Fulmer, Crandell, Clark, and
Hanly-12.
NAYs-Messrs. Johnson, Haliday, Bacon, Bryan, and Fergu-
son-5.
Mr. PFENCH presented the petition of E. Kingman, praying
remission of a fine ; which was read, and referred to the Commit-
tee of Claims.
And then the Board adjourned,

Sales This Day.
BY E. S. WRIGHT, Georgetown.
UF RNITURIE AT AUCTION.-On Wednesday next,
the 16th instant, I shall sell, without reserve at the'Eagle
Hotel, kept by Mrs. Hammett, corner of High and Cherry streets,
the entire stock of furniture, which is nearly new, having been
purchased within six months, consisting of-
Mahogany Diningand Card Tables
Parlor and common chairs
Mantel, P.er, and Toilet Glasses, Clock, Carpets
China, Croakery, and Glassware
Lamps, Knives and Forks, Castors and Candlesticks
Wokstands, Dressing and Wash Tables, Bureaus
12 new Feather Beds, 15 Shuck Mattresses, 15 Bedsteads
Cooking stove of the newest and most approved patterns
Several tenplate stoves and drums
Sow and pigs, &c. &c.
Terms of sale: On all sums of and under $20, cash ; over $20,
a credit of 2, 4, and 6 months, for approved endorsed notes
EDW. S. WRIGHT,
feb 14-3t Auctioneer.
Wilt be added to thie above sale a very fine saddle and harness
horse, 7 years old this spring. He can be seen at any time be-
fore the sale. E. S. W.
HiOUtbEAND LOT AT AUCTION.-On Wednes
day, the 16th instant, at 4 o'clock, P. M. we shall sell on
the premises, without reserve, part of Lot No. 2, in square 198,
fronting 19 feet on K street, near 15th street, and extending hack
105 feet to a public alley. On which lot is situated an unfinished
Frame House. Title unquestionable.
Terms cash. ROBERT W. DYER & CO.
feb 11 -eod&da Auctioneers.
VALUABLE BUILDING LOTS at Private Sale.
These Lots are amongst the most eligible situated Lots for
a private residence, and in the mnst improved and improving part
of thecity. It is deemed unnecessary toofferanyother descrip
tion than the number of thie squares in which they lie, and the
streets upon which they front, viz.
Two Lots on the west side of 41 street, in square number 491.
Two Lots on the south side of E street north, in square do 457,
susceptible of being divided into four handsome lots.
And three Lots on the south side of K street north, in square
number 285.
For particulars apply to
fob 16-eo3t ALEX. McINTIRE.


ItIPOtTANTTOTHE l'AFFUICTED.-R. THOMP
sox'e Life Preserver is found in practice, in addition to the
removal of the most distressing Colds and Coughs, to cure the
Rheumatism, Croup, Whooping Cough, Hemorrhage, and Spit-
ting Blood. Try it, and let it speak for itself.
AGENTS.
Doctor Tobias Watkims, Washington.
Do G. W. Sothoron, Georgetown.
Do R. S. Patterson, Washington.
Do William Elliott & Co. F street, Washington.
Dou Farquhar & Morgan, do.
Do Z. D. Gilman, do.
G. B. Zeiber, No. 87, Dock street, Philadelphia.
Mrs. King, No. 184, Fulton street, New York.
CERTIFICATES.
I beg leave to mention to you a case, in our neighborhooJd, in
which your medicine was administered with the most salutary
effect. Mrs. Pilecher, aged about thirty years, had for some time
been laboring under a consumption. At the period I allude to
she was confined to her bed, with all the painful and distressing
symptoms attendant upon that fatal disease, in what was consider-
ed its last stage. She and her friends were utterly hopeless of
relief. She was rsing nothing but potent anodynesas palliatives,
when Mrs. Smith sert her the remains of a bottle of your medi-
cine, with directions how to use it. On the second night after she
commenced, it procured her sound, refreshing sleep. She con-
tinued its use, and from thence forward a gradual but perceptible
change took place for the better, to the wonder and astonishment
of her neighbors. In a short time she was able to move about,
and in the course of a few months she was entirely restored to
health.
I am, with sincere respect, yours, &c.
B. P. SMITH, Attorney at Law.
WASHINGTON, FEBs. 15, 1841.
DEAR SiR: About the 15th of last month I took a severe cold,
which so affected my entire system as to disqualify me for busi-
ness ; in this condition I began taking your Life P-eserver, one
halt bottle of which has entirely restored me to my usual health ;
and, in my opinion, there is pot a doubt of its efficacy in such
cases.
EDWARD SIMMS, Wine Merchant.
Mr. R. THOMPSON.
FEBRUARY 1, 1841.
DEAR Slia : Having had occasion to use your Life Preserver in
my family, in a case of distressing cough, I am prepared totesti-
fy to the fact of its having entirely removed it. Th~e subject of
its operation is now in the enjoyment of good health.
Mr. R. THoMPsON. SETH HYATT.
R. THOMPSON,
feb 16-3taw2w 1 door west of corner 4J st. Penn.av.


D R. B IGEILOW would most respectuhlly inform the citi-
zens of WVashington and its vicinity that he has taken rooms
at Mr. Wilson's, F street, two doors from Fifteenth street, in the
immediate vicinity of the public buildings, and but a few doors
west of the residence of the Hon. John Quincy Adams. Persons
desirous of his professional assistance are respectfully invited to
call.
Every operation necessary for the health, preservation, beauty,
and durability of the teeth executed in the most perfect manner,
Artificial and natural teeth supplied.
Dr. B. has

ARD OF COM MO FEBR ARY 8 men, members of Congress.
BOARD OP COMMON COUNCI,, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1842, N. B. He may be seer at his rooms from 8 to II o'clock A. M.
All the members present except Mr. Basset. daily, jan 22--dlwif
Mr. BACON presented the petition of Philip Ennis, praying re- U- -OR SALE, a portion of that highly cultivated and mm-
misionof fie',whih ws radandrefrre tohe ommt- OR0 SALJE, a portion of thalt highl cultivted and im-
mission of a fine'; which, was read, and referred to the Commit- U proved farm, known as Dalecarlia, lately the residence of
tee oh Claims.
Mr. FULMES, from the Committee of Claims, to whom tut peti- Clement Smith, deceased. The farm lies four miles from George-
tion was referred, reported a bill entitled "An act for the relief town, D. C. contiguous to the canal, approached by good roads in
of Cbhristopher Hager; which was read twice, various directions, and. as evidence of its fertility, has yielded
And from the same committee, to whom the petition was refer- fir the last two years from 40 to 50 bushels of corn per acre,
red, reported a bill entitled An act for the relief of Augustus with grasses in proportion. T'1' he present owner will dispose of
Simms, James Stewaut, Clement Fizechew. andThompson Hutch- any quantity from 100 o la0 acres, giving such portions ofclear-
ioson ;" which was read twice, ed and wood lands as the purchaser may desire to constitute a
lMr. EASEY, from the Oominmteae on Canals, to whom was refer- desirable farm. There is a fine meadow upo0 it well set in tim-
red the (ommunieation from the Commissioner of the Washing- othy, and the upland of the quality above stated, with a command-
tan Canal of the 151h ult. made a report, accompanied by a bill ing building site. Individuals wishing to invest their funds in
et!tiled An act making an appropriation for the Washington real estate contiguous to a fine market, the Capitol of the Re-
Canal ;" which was read twice, public, would do well tn call end examine for themselves. Terms
A communication was received from the Mayor respecting the will be liberal and made known by the subscriber on the pre-
stock at horiaed by the act of September 14, 1837, to bd is ued t) mises. Information may also be had of Robert Dyer & Co.
satisfy the award in favor of Elias Gumnaer ; which was read, Washington. W. B. THOMPSON,
and referred to the Commrttee of Ways and Means. an 15-eotf l5fifw Daleearlia, near Georgetown, D.C.
The amendment ctfi he Board of Aldermen ti) the bill "making NWEW VOLUMES OP HARPER'S FAMILY
an additional appropriation for the grading and gravelling of C 1 LIBRARY.-This day received by F. TAYLOR,
street north, from 2d to 3d streets west,"' was taken up, reld, and Property and Labor, as connected with Natural Liw and the con
agreed to. stitution of society, by Franais lUsher, being volume 146; Expe-
On motion of Mr. HALIDAY, the Board t'tk ump for consideration edition to the Polar Sea, by Admiral Wrangell, of the Russian
the report of the select committee appointed on the subject of the Navy, I volume, with Maps, &c.; Popular Technology, or Profes-
renewal of the city charter, sons and Trades, 2 volumes, very numerous engravings, being
Mr. CLARK moved to amend the report by inserting, as the 4th volumes 149 and 160 of the series; The Beauties, Harmonies,
section, the 4th section of the present charter, so modified as k) al- and Sublimities of Nature, by C. Bumk, I volume i Natural Histo-
low eigth instead ofC 1o days to the Mayor ta return any bill ngt ry ofSelborne by GUbert White, I volume, feb It


EDITORS' CORRESPONDENCE,

PHILADELPHIA, FEBRUARY 14, 1842.
For two or three years pasta company of Phi-
ladelphia prophets have been foretelling a general
explosion, or at least another suspension of specie
payments in the New York banks. In my last
letter I promised you a brief statement of the
means and liabilities of the New York City banks, which I
now furnish, under the impression that it has not appeared in
the Intelligencer.
LIABILITIES.
The capital stock of the New York City banks, excepting
the Manhattan Bank, is $22,699,000
Fund from nett profits 1,288.000

Considered as capital, 23,982,000


Circulation


- $4,908,000


Deposites $12,030,000
Less overdrafts 59,000 11,1,000
-- -- 11,971,000
Due to other banks. $5,029,000
Due from banks 3362,000
1,667,000

818,715,000
Deduct notes and checks not in
circulation, used in the daily


exchanges


Loans and discounts
Stocks -
Real estate
Specie


- 5,164,000


13,551,000


$37 533,000
MEANS.
.- $27,464,000
4,725,000
- a 1,291,000
4,053,000

$37,533 000


This is the general statement, of which a comparison of a
few items shows these results.
Tbe loans and discounts, stocks, and real estate, exceed
the capital $9,498,000; or, the aggregate means exceed this
latter item of liabilities by about 40 per cent.
The immediate liabilities, however, amount to $13,557,000
The specie is 4,053,000

Excess, $9,498,000
What proportion of the loans and discounts is good business
paper, which, in case of need, could assuredly be paid at ma-
turity, does not appear, nor have I any basis for conjecture.
With a circulation, however, in the proportion of three to one
to their specie, the New York banks would appear to base
their immunity from embarrassment upon the confidence of
the public. In old-fashioned times, when "good as the bank"
was a proverb, no difficulty would have been dreamed of
with an exhibit like the above. But now, when banks have
lost nearly all trust, it would be hard to say what statement,
short of a dollar in coin for every dollar in paper, would be
considered entirely satisfactory.
The L-'gislature of this State seems determined to krep
excitement alive among us, if it do nothing else. I hrive al-
ready mentioned more than one project, actual or reditated,
of this session, in relation to the banks. Tl.e House has
immortalized itself by a bill discrediting paper of its own be.
getting, among several equally rightful objects. This bill the
Senate cannot endorse, hut that grave body h6s in progress
another, which, if a little less unjust, is certainly more ab-
surd. The first section enacts that the banks shall immedi-
ately resume specie payments, "provided that no bank shall
be compelled to pay out a greater sum during any period of
ninety days then five per cent, of its capital paid in." It is,
I presume, unnecessary to quote further from this latest spe-
cimen of the legislative knowledge and forecast now at work
in our State capitol. Any practical man can discern that
this is not the proper mode of effecting a restoration of our
currency to the specie standard, if, in the process, it is really
designed to do justice alike to the community and the banks.
Had the latter not been made the scape-goat for the pecuniary
obligations of the Commonwealth, then they could have
claimed no favor. But they have certainly been oppressed',
and though not more sinned against than sinning, are still
deserving of all the consideration which may be compatible
with the public interest. I cannot think that the bill now ina
the Senate will become a law. Something else will be sub-
stituted, calling for resumption next summer. The task will
be bad enough for the banks then. To achieve it now, if re-
parts may be trusted, is absolutely impossible. It is very
mortifying to state, in connexion with this general subject,
that statements are in circulation of attempts on the part of
a few members of the Legislature to sell their influence and
votes to the Banks. This is not the first season that such
things have beedh talked of and believed.
This day payment of the interest of the State Loans was
commenced. The Governor and another State officer were
present superintending Ihe business in the Pennsylvania
Bank. The interest is paid in current notes-not all bak.
able in this city-four and a half per cent. additional berni
allowed for the depreciation of them, This, however, is alsmt
three and a half per cent. below the mark, eight per cent. be-
ing about the average premium for specie. It strikes me that
it is hardly worth while for so small a consideration as this
difference to sacrifice the full credit of the State, If the in-
terest cannot now be paid in par funds, the deficit should at
least remain in favor of the loan-holders, to be paid as son as
the treasury will permit. So much for this pay-day. When
the interest shall again accrue, I hope Pennsylvania will be
prepared with it. But how, remains yet in the bosom of her
rulers.
E change on New York, which last week could hardly be
had at exorbitant premiums, has been plenty as paving stones
to-day at about seven per cent. In the money market gene-
rally there seemed to be an abatement of the aguish symp-
toms, though I have not heard what specific has been operat-
ing. Stocks at the Brokers' Board were sold generally at
last week's prices. The tendency however is rather towards,
a further depreciation.

FOR THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCERk
LINES suggested by the singing of IMiss REYNOLDS.
When to my closing eye this world
And all its bright illusions fade,
And on my heart the dull cold hand
Qf Death, to still its throb, is laid,
O! Lady, let some voice like thine
Breathe, as from Heaven's own blissful air,
One cheering tone, and I shall deem
My spirit is already there I e***
NATIONAL THEATRE-WASHINGTON.
This .Ivening, February 16,
Will be performed the excellent Comedy of the
i IRISH WIDOW.
Widow Brady, afterwards assuming the Ms RYO
character of Capt. O'Neal Miss REYNOLDS.
Daring the evening Miss REYNOLDS will sing Rory O'More
Kate Kearney, When wilt thou meet me Love, and Finale to
the King's Gardener.
After the comedy, the laughable interlude of the
KING'S GARDENER.
Madame Galochard Miss REYNOLDS.
The whole to conclude with the Farce of
THE IRISH TUTOR,
WASHINGTON ASSEMBLIES.
The Fourth Assembly wilt take place Tuesday Evening, Febru-
ary 22, at the Washington Assembly Rooms.
Subscribers are again informed that it is necessary to present
their tickets at the door in order to be admitted. The Managers
are forced, very reluctantly, to decline dispensing in any ease
with this rule, which they themselves rigidly observe.
Tickets of subscribers may be procured at Fischer's, or at Gads-
by's Hotel. Strangers who are not residents for the winter can
procure tickets ef admission without a general, subscription for
the season upon application to any of the Managers.
I? No tickets can be procured at the door; nor will any gen-
tleman be admitted without presenting his ticket at the door.
MANAGE aS.
Hon. W. C. Preston Ch. Lee Jones
Hon. Daniel Webster Philip Barton Key
Hon. Wrn. C. Johnson Richard Wallach
Gen. George Gibson Henry May
I Corn. Beverly Kennon R. S. Hill
Gen. Alex. Hunter Dr. It. T. Barry, U.S.N.
J. M. Carlisle Lt. T. L. Ringgold, U.S.A.
feb 16-dt22;f
GEORGETOWN ASSEMBLIES.
An Assembly wiltbe given at the Assembly Rooms ofthe Union
Hotel, on Thursday evening, Febrory 17.
Tickets 85, to be obtained only of the Managers or at the door
Ion the evening of the Assembly.
MASA6E.SS
Col. John Onx, Col. George C. Washington,
Dr. 0. M. Linthioum, Dr. Wm. Sothoron,
Col. John Carter, Col. Samntel Humphreys,
Dr. H. Magruder, Wm. S. Nicholls,
Clement Cox, G. Washington Peter,
Charles E. Weaver, Richard W. Templeman,
Jnhn E. Addisoo, Clement Smith,
R. W. Redin, James M. Ramsay,
Lawrence M. Morton, John M, Belt.


I




4 *,* .


F ARM FOR RENT.-A Farm of about 300 acres, in
Montgomery county, Maryland, near the Wahing^on
Turnpike, one mile from LeebaOoro', and ten romr Waslington
city. It is the farm lately owned by Mess.rs. Jeremlti, and Wmn.
Orme, and recently in the occupation of Mr. Horatio Beall. For
a market and dairy farm it possesses superior qualities.
It will be rented for one, or for a term of years, as may be
agreed onI and to an improving tenant every encouragement will
be given.
Apply to Mr. Thomas Connelly, Colesville, or to Edward
Stubba, Washington. jan 6-dtf
A CAEPD.-Mrs. IRONSIDEis prepared to receive a small
mess of Members of Congress. Her house is situated on
Z, near Tenth street. nov 8-tf

GENCY OF CLAIMS AT WASHINGTON.-
The subscriber will attend to the management and prosecu-
tion of Claims before CoNetesa and the different Departments
of the Government.
He has the best legal advice within his reach, when it may be
necessary to refer to it; and from his own knowledge ofthemodes
and forms of settlement of accounts in the public Departments and
before Congress, he can assure those who may commit their busi-
ness to hiamcare that every attention shall be paid thereto.
Letters must be post paid.
oct 183-tf CHARLES J. NOURSE.
OAHRDING.-Mrs. KEILY'S house, on Missouri avenue,
near 4J street, in the square opposite Gadaby's, is still un-
occupied. Members of Congress who have not yet selected their
private boarding-houses are invited to call and inspect it. Tran-
sient visitors can also be well accommodated, as the house is in
the vicinity of thelhoteis. dec 28-tf
rlpHIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE that the subscriber
has obtained from the Orphans' Court of Washington
county, in the District of Columbia, letters testamentary on
the personal estate of Richard Coxe, late of Washington coun-
ty, deceased. All persons having claims against the de-
ceased are h'ereby warned te exhibit the same, with the vouch-
era thereof, to the subscriber, on or before the I1th day of De-
cember aext; they may otherwise by law be excluded from all
benefits of said estate.
Given under my hand this 1lth day of December, 1841.
jan 13-w3t M. HOYT, Executor.
All persona having claims are requested to leave the same with
Walter Lenox, Attorney at Law. M. HOYT.
HE CHEAPEST, most beautiful, most elegant of all
Periodicals is "Merry's Museum for 1842." Subscribe at
W. M. MORRISON'S,
ran 15F Pour doors west of Brown's Hotel.
ANUARY No. OF1' MERRY'S MUSEUM, for
1842 is just received, and is ready for subscribers, at
MORRISON'S Bookstore. jan 24
AMATEUR'S MUSICAL LIBRARY.
NNHE agent of the above-named most excellent publication
J is now in this city. Persona disposed to purchase or exam-
ine the work may do so at W. M. MORRISON'S bookstore, four
doors from Brown's Hotel, Pennsylvania Avenue.
In the mean time reference is respectfully made to the annexed
opinions of some of the best judges in Baltimore:-
The "Amateur's Musical Library" contains a very pleasing va-
riety of original and selected compositions, and deserves the pa-
tronage of all who wish to improve themselves, or entertain their
friends in the social circle. It is beautifully and correctly pointed,
and uncommonly cheap. JOHN COLE.
I take pleasuree in stating that after carefully perusing the
"Amateur s Musical Library," I find it to be a book of choice and
valuable compositions, worthy of patronage, particularly of those
whe have already attained considerable musical abilities; besides,
it may be regarded as an ornament to the Piano Forte.
H. DIxZLMAN.
I have carefully examined the work entitled "Amateur's Musi-
cal Library." In quality and excellence of matter, I know of no
publication superior to it, and I cheerfully recommend it to the
musical public for its utility and agreeable variety.
Joe. GROAN.
It is "a collection of Piano Forte music and songs, embracing
the most popular airs from the latest operas, consisting of Cavati-
nas, Waltzes, Marches, Quicksteps, Cotillions, and many new
pieces by the Editor, as well as a large number of Songs, Duets,
Trios, Quartets, &ac., the whole selected from the most distinguish -
ed European authors: including rise numerous original compo-
sitions by celebrated authors in the United States. Edited by
Charles Jarvis, Professor of the Piano Forte, and Organist, etc."
The whole number of pieces is 138 ; 62 of which are new, and
the copyright secured. jan 5
OSTON MUSICAL INSTITUTE.-A COLLEC-
TION OF NEW CHURCH MUSIC, aB T. CoMmat-
9,060 copies of this work have been issued since its first publica-
tion in December last. It comprises a great variety of Psalm and
Hymn Tunes, Anthems, Chants, Sentences, and other set pieces,
original, and selected with greatcare from the mosteminent com-
posers with a knowledge of English, German, French, and Itali-
an Music ; the whole intended for Congregational and the Church
Service, with an accompaniment adapted to the Organ atd Piano
Porte, by the Organist of the King's Chapel, and Director to the
Boston Musical Institute.
NOTICES OF THE WORK.
We are satisfied that this is the best work ever published in
this country, "nd such is the tone of feeling which generally per-
vades the boog, that we feel confident that all who desire im-
provement will introduce it into the Choirs immediately.-Bos-
on Time..
This work will no doubt receive the approbation of our sacred
inging community, by being made use of as a standard work.-
Old Colony Mmorial, Plymouth.
We have not found one tune which might be called indifferent.
rMusidal Visiter, Boston.
The Musical Institute's Collection, we expect, will be the most
popular on account of the prevailing sweetness of its melodies,
and of its flattering the popular taste, by admitting many tunes by
our own elder composers.-Musical Magazine.
NOTICIE.-Teachers, Choristers, and all other persons inter-
ested in Music, are invited to call and examine the work for
themselves. R. FARNHAM,
nov 1 corner of llth street and Penn. avenue.
UR MUSS.-Jack Hinton, the Guardsman, by Beoz, with
0 illustrations by Phiz, Nos. land 2. Just published in month-
ly parts. This day received by WM. M. MORRISON,
4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
CHAS. O'MALLEY, at 61 cents by the number, will be re-
ceived in a few days by MORRISON. inn 20
IGHTElN STEEl., ENGRAVINGS.-Morriaon's
Stranger's Guide to the city of Washington and vicinity,
containing eighteen steel engravings, consisting of Portrait of
General Washington, The old Vault at Mount Vernon, View of
thie city of Washington, East view of the Capitol, Southwest view
of the Capitol, President's House, Treasury Department, Gene-
ralPostOfiee, PatentOffice, Navy Yard, Burial Ground, George-
town, taking in the Potomac Aqueduct, Heights of Georgetown,
Alexandria, Mt. Vernon, New Vault at Mt. Vernon, Little Falls
Bridge, Bladensburg, Diagrams of both Houses of Congress, and
an elegant Map, taking in all of the city, and each square num-
bered, and containing all that a stranger would desire. It ia a
volume or one hundred and eight pages, bound very neatly. It
is truly a Stranger's Guide, for a stranger can see how the Me-
tropolis lools without coming to see. Price only $1.
Just published by WM. M. MORRISON,
jan 24 4 door west of Brown's Hotel.
HEAP BOOKS.-Charles O'Mailey, complete, St 25;
Harry Lorrequer, by the author of Charles O'Malley, 1
large volume, filled with engravings, $1 75; Captain Marryat's
Novels, ten in number, complete for $3 25, handsomely printed,
(original price upwards of $12.)
Smollet's Works, handsome edition, complete in two large oc-
tavo volumes, containing Peregrine Pickle, Ferdinand Count Fa-
thom, Roderick Random, Adventures of Sir Launcelot Greaves,
Humphrey Clinker, Adventures of an Atom, with portrait and
memoirs of the Life and Writings of Smollet, I y Sir Walter Scott,
price $3 26, published at 86. For sale by
jan 21 F. TAYLOR.
ETThRS OF' HORACE WALPOLE, just pub-
liseied, in four voltmes, containing numerous letters, now
first published from the originals. Also, Family Records, or the
Two Sisters, by Lady Charlotte Bury. Barnaby Rodge No. 17.
Museum of Foreign Literature for November, this day received
for sale by F. TAYLOR.
ULE1 LETTER AND CAP PAPEI.-W
FISCHER has jdst received two cases of Butler's super-
fine blue Letter Paper ; also, white *nd blue Letter and Cap Pa-
per, ruled, of different qualities, from 82 50 to 86 per ream,
amongst which are a few reams feint and red lined, for accounts.
D EMOCRACY, by George Sidney Camp, 1 vol. price 50
cents.
"A new science of politics is indispensable to a new world."
Dx TOCQugVILLIE.
This day received and for sale by F. TAYLOR.
Alas, HISTORY OF MICHIGAN, from its earliest coloniza-
tion to the present time, by James H. Lanman, 1 vol. 50 cents.
SCANDINAVIA, Ancient and Modern, by A. Crichton, L. L.
D., and Henry Wheaton, L. L. D., late American Charge
d'Affaires at Copenhagen, 2 vols., price $1, with a map and 12
engravings illustrating the mythology, government, laws, man-
ners, and institutions of the early Scandinavians, and of the pre-
sent state of society, religion, literature, arts, and commerce of
DIenmerk, Sweden. and Norway. nov 29
Circuit Codrt of the Ilstrict of Columbia for the
County of Washligtan.-In Chancery.
* Farmers and Mechanics' Bank of Georgetown.
55.
The heirs and widow of George French.
ORDDERED this 24th day of December, 1841, that the sale
made by Robert Bowie, the trustee in this cause, and re-
ported iin his supplemental report, be ratified and confirmed, un-
less cause to the contrary be shown on or before the 4th Mon-
day of March next: Provided, That acopy of this order be pub-
lished in the NatiOnal lntelligenceronce a week forthree succes-
sive weeks, commencing not later than the 1st day of February


next. The report state the amount of sales to be $2,188. -
By order of the Court. Test:
dec 28-wt W,. BRENT, Clerk.
Ex part petltion.-4Iu Prince George's County Court
as a Court of Equity.--January term, 1842.
William Clarke, for the appointment of a trustee to sell the real
estate of Colmore Beanes, deceased, under his will.
ERDERED, by the Court, this 19th day of January, 1842,
That the sale made and reported by John B. Brooke, the
trustee appointed by this Court to sell the real estate of Colmore
"Bean', deceased, in puravane of the provisions of his will, be
ratified and confirmed, unless cause to the contrary be shown on
the first Monday of April next: Provided, That a copy of this
order be iserted in some newspaper published in the District
of Colombia once a week for the space of three weeks prior to
the 21stt day of March next.
The report states that the property in the proceedings mention-
ed was sold for eight hundred and twenty dollars and five cents.
CLEM. DORSEY.
True copy-Test: JNO. B. BROOKE,
feb 1-0o3w Clerk Prince George's Co. Court.
f RHISBTMAS PRESENTS,.-A great variety of beauti-
-ful articles suitable for Christmas presents to be had at Sta-
tioners 'Hael, amongst which are ladies' elegant work-boxes, fur-
nished anti nfurhished, dressnlg and travelling cases, toilet boxes,
writing desks, embossed albums and port folios with locks, card
oases,of pearl, ivory, and shell, gold pencil cases, perfumery, &c.
With many other articles too numerous to particularize.
de 24 W. FISCHER.


S. RUST'S IMPROVED PATENT LAMPS,
FOR WHICH
THE SILVER MEDAL
HAS BEEN AWARDED
BY THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE.
Also, Hon. James Tallmadge, President of this institution, the
Mayor of the city of New York, and others of the highest stand-
ing, have given written recommendations as to the superiority of
these Lamps, which have been noticed in the papers.
nr The Lamps have been five or six years in use, but lately
much improved by the patentee, so that the oil eirculites freely
each side of the wick, and it operates and burns beautifully.
N. B.-The Public are cautioned against inifringers' Lamps, as
they are deceptively made, and do not give satisfaction in using
them, and by this means the genuine Lamps are injured. "S.
RUST'S PATENT" is stamped on the bottom or on the top of all
that are genuine, and the dealers are instructed in this city and
all other places to take back anyof these Lamps, that, on trial, are
found to be defective, and give new ones for them without charge.
DIRECTIONS.
In taking out or putting in the stopper, do not take hold of the
top of the tube so as to close it in on the wick, as the top of the
tube should be kept swelled out wide for ventilation. Take hold
of the roller to unscrew or screw in the stopper, as the rolle- is
made sufficiently strong for this purpose. The wick should never
be picked open or brushed off, as some do, but always trimmed
off smooth and straight with the top of the tube with sharp scis-
sors. Should the tube get closed in so as to even touch the wick,
it should be swelled out again wide, the w der the better, so the
air can circulate freely round the wick, and the lamp will burn
clear and handsome. No wick should be used but what is a little
narrower, or at least no wider than the inside of the tubes.
These lamps can never crust up when burning, like other lamps,
if the tube is kept swelled out wide at the top so the air can cir-
culate freely round the wick, and likewise the gas (which is
created in all oil when heated) has to escape at the top of the tube
by the side of the blaze, which must of course burn un in place of
being offensive in the room, as in common lamps, which have the
ventilation at the side of the stopper. These are oil and not cam-
phine lamps, as some suppose.
SOLD WHOLESALE, Viz.
At the Manufactory, Newark, New Jersey. In New York,
77 William street. In Philadelphia, 241 Market street. AndI in
Baltimore, Maryland, 106 Baltimore street.
*** Address J. N RUST, or S. RUST, at either place.
Also, sold wholesale by Edward M. Linthicum, Georgetown,
D.C.
RETAILED, Viz.
In, Washinglon.
Campbell & Coyle, Penn. av. S. Masi, Pennsylvania avenue,
John B. Morgan, Penn. avenue, above 4J street.
above 8th street. F. & W. Hill, Penn. avenue,
Ingle & Palmer, Penn. avenue, above 9th sIreet.
above 8th street. Clcm't Woodward, Pa. avenue,
George Savage, Penn. avenue, above 10th street.
above 9th street. James Kelly, Pens. avenue,
El. Lindeley, Penn. avenue, above 17th street.
above 9th street. Nicholas Funk, Penn. avenue,
F. Y. Naylor, Penn. avenue, above 20th street.
above 3d street. Boteler & Waring, 7th street.
Win. H. Harrover, 7th street, near Louisiana avenue.
Inr Georgetown, District Columbia, by-
Edw. M. Linthicum, corner of Thus. E. Hills, in Bridge street,
Bridge and High streets. above Congress street.
Jesse Leach, in Bridge street, H. W. Edwards, in High at.,
above Washington street. near Gay street.
Edw. S. Wright, in Bridge at,,
above Congress street.
In Alexandria, Districtof Columbia, by-
Roberit H. Miller, King street. Robert Snyder, in King street.
J. B. Hill, in do C., C. Berry do
Benj. Barton, in do Richard Hills, Fairfax street.
Also, reta-led principally by all the stores in Baltimore, Phila-
delphia, New York, and other places, feb 7-eo2w
UONDO)N'S SUPERIOR BLACKLEAD PEN-
I CILS, for drawing, engineering, &c. These pencils
are considered the best now in use.
R. FARNHAM,
nov 24 corner of 1 tth street and Penn. avenue.
1 0 CLAIMANTS.-FRANCIS A. DICKINS continues
A to undertake the agency of claims before Congress and
other branches of the Government, including commissioners
under treaties, and lthe various public offices. He will attend to
pre-emption and other land claims, the procuring of patents for
public lands, and the confirmation by Congress of grants and
claims to lands ; claims for property lost in or taken for the service
of the United States ; property destroyed by the Indians, or
while in the possession of the United States ; invalid, revolu-
tionary, navy, widows', and half-pay pensions; claims for Revo-
lutionary services, whether for commutation, half-pay, or bounty
lands, as well those against the State of Virginia as the United
States; all claims growing out of contacts with the Government,
or damages sustained in consequence of the action or conduct of
the Government; and, indeed, any business before Congress or
the public offices wiich may require the aid of an agent or at-
torney. His charges will be moderate, and depending upon the
amount of the claim and the extent of the service.
He is also agent for the American Life Insurance and Trust
Company, which has a capital of two millions of dollars paid in.
In the prosecution of claims against Mexico, under the late
Convention, Mr. F. A. Dickins and the Hon. C. P. Van Ness,
late Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the
United States in Spain, are associated; and any claim sent to
either of them will receive their united and prompt attention.
Mr. F. A. Dickins is known to most of those who have been in
Congress within the last few years, or who have occupied any
public station at Washington.
His office b on Pennsylvania avenue, between Fuller's Hotel
and the Treasury Department, and his residence is on 13th street,
between Pennsylvania avenue and F street.
All letters must be post paid. dec 14-dly
UST PUBLISHED, and to be had at the subscriber's,
a pamphlet of 67 pages, entitled" Charges Preferred against
Don Joaquin Veiasquez de Leon and Don Pedro Fernandex de-
Costillo, members of the Board of Commissioners under the Con-
vention of April I11, 1839, on the part of the Republic of Mexico,
addressed to the President of the UnitedStates by Orazio de At-
ellis Sant-Angelo, a citizen of the United'States, with twenty-
hreedocuments." R. PARNHAM.
R EPORTS of the Secretaries of the Treasury since
1790 up to the present time, on Currency, Finance, Pub-
lic Credit, 1Mint, Bank, Manufactures, Removal of the Deposites,
the Deposite Banks, Public Moneys, &e. ca. 3 vols. just pub-
lished. F P. TAYLOR.
WiM ACPIIHERSON'S Annals of Commerce, 4 vols. 4to.;
1VB Eisdell's Industry of Nations, 2 vols. ; Adam Smith's
Wealth of Nations, new edition, enlarged and improved, by
McCulloch, author of MeCulloch'a Commercial Dictionary;
McCulloch's Commercial Dictionary; Mortimer's Commercial
Dictionary ; History of the Federal Government for fifty years,
by Alden Bradford ; the Statesman, or Principles of Legislation
and Law, by John Holmes, of Maine; Elliot's Debates on the
Adoption of the Federal Constitution, 4 vols. ; Elliot's Diplomatic
Code, 2 voms.; Land Laws of the United States, with the Decisions
of the Treasury Department, and the Official Opinions of the At-
torneys General on all points connected with the Public Lands,
2 vols.; all the Official Opinionsofthe different Attorneys General,
from the commencement of the Government up to this time, 1
vol.; all the Reports of the Secretaries of the Treasury, from
1789 to this time ; Laws of the United States, authorized edition,
complete in 9 vols.
The above are only a few mentioned out of the large and valuable
collection of works on Political Economy, History, Commerce,
Legislation, Currency and Finance, c. &aC., for sale by F. TAY-
LOR, Bookseller. It contains all the new and most of the older
writers on these subjects, and is constantly kept up by the im-
portation from Englan and the purchase in the United States of
every thing appearing in either country on this class ofsabjects.
For ,ateat the lowest prices in every case. jan 24
U LPERIOR NOTE PAPER-W. FISCHER has jus
received one hundred reams of superior white vellum gilt
evged Note Paper, made entirely of linen stock, expressly to his
order, and which can be had for sale only atStationers' Hall.
RIEPORT to the New York Legislature in favor of abolish-
ing Punishment of Death by law; by John L. O'Sullivan,
Member of Assembly. Chancellor Kent's Course of Reading,
drawn up for the use of the members of the Mercantile Library
Association ; price 37 cents. Just received for sale by
jvn 5.F. TAYLOR.
ORE NEW BOOKS.-A splendid illustrated edition
l.V*of the Vicar of Wakefield, Life of Napoleon, Robinson
Crusoe, Joan of Arc, Evenings with the Chroniclers, Christmas
Belle, Somerville Hall, The Old Oak Tree, Hope on Hope ever,
Autumn and Winter, and Spring and Summer, or walks in the
country. The Peasant and Prince, Palmer's Treatise on the
Church, German Prose Writers, The Early English Church,
Strive and Thrive, Who shall be Greatest, Norway and the Nor-
wegians, Which is the Wiser, Cutter's New Book, Cetlin's Naw
Book, James's New Book, The Madison Papers, Tales for the
People and their children, Life before the Mast, Charlas O'Mal-
ly, complete, Barnaby Rudge, complete, Ten Thousand a Year,
complete, Stamly Thorn, Valentine Vex, Poetical Works of
Walter Scott, Fielding's Works, Smollet's Works, Byron's
works, Murray's edition, to match each other.
Just published, and for sale at
MORRISON'S Book Store,
jan 10 4 doors west of Brown's.
PROFESSOR SMY-rt'S LECTURES ON MO-
DERN HISTORY, edited by Jared Sparks,
completed in two volumes, reprinted from the five volumes of the
author, Professor of Modern History in the University of Cam-
bridge, England, this day received from Boston. For sale by
dec29 F. TAYLOR.


C CHALLENGE BLACKING.-W. FISCHER is the
sole agent for the District for Mason's unequalled and inim-
itable Blacking. Storekeepers and others furnished at the facto-
ry prices. aug 18
THE LETTERS OF HORACEWALPOLE, no-
ticed in this paper yesterday, are for sale in this city for
the publishers by
dee 29F. TAYLOR.
UBLIC NOTICE.-The undersigned having been con-
stituted by the executor and executrix of Thomas Ferral,
late of Prince George's county, Maryland, deceased, their agent
in the settlement of the estate ofsaid Ferral, all persons indebted
to said estate are requested to make immediate payment to him,
otherwise legal measures will be adopted to enforce payment in
all cases, it being important that said estate should be closed
without delay. N. C. STEPHEN, Bladensburg,
Agent for Dennis H.and Elizabeth Ferral, executor
jan 4-2aw2m and executrix of Thomas Ferral, deceased.
NE HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.-Ran
away from the subscriber, living in Prince George's coun-
ty, Maryland, on the 24'h instant, negro man JOHN. He is of
very dark complexion; about 25 years of age, upwards of six feet
high ; he isa a very well formed and a very likely looking negro.
He had on atthe time he lefthome a dark country cloth roundabout
jacket and white pantaloons, and he took other clothes with him,
no doubt. I will give the above reward for the above-named ne-
gro if taken out of the State or District of Columbia, and fifty
dollar, no matter where taken, if brought home, or secured in
jail so that I get him again.
FRANCIS H. CLEMENTS,
an 27--2awtf Piecateway, Prince George's county, Md.


LIST OF LETTERS.

List of Lettrs remaining in the Post Office, Wash-
ington, February 15, 1842.
Ur Persons inquiring for Letters in the following List will
please say they are advertised.


Addison, Daiel D.
Alexander, Mrs. Jane A.
Alberty, Mrs. Beaulah
Adams, Augustus A., 2
Anderson, William
Alien, Mrs. Betsy

BasIl & Greene
Bell, John
Bruce, Mrs. Elvirs, 2
Butts, Isaac, 2
Branch, Hardin
Ball, Miss Louisa H.
Burke, John
Belts, Henry T.
Brown, Noah, 2
Burns, Harman T. 2
Broom, Mrs. Mary E.
Burns, William
Bull, Majar Sumner
Broom, James, 2
Boothe, Thomas
Boyd, Mrs. Charlotte

Cox, Mrs. Catharine
Clark, William H.
Coyle, Mrs. Maria H.
Coats, Caroline
Cook, Edward
SClark, Thomas
Carson, Captain J.
Connison, Alexander
Carson, D.

Drane, Alfred
Dagner, Thomas
Dyer, Jones
Dousman, H. L.
Duncan, W. A.
Davidson, M. 0.
Deringer, B. M.
Duvall, John C. 2
Davis, J. D.

Evios, Thomas, 2
Elliot, Jonathan
Edwards, Dr., U. S. N.
Eaby, Jesse

Foot, Dr. L., U. S. A.
Fleet, Julia
Frink, John
Fletcher, B. P.
Fielding, Henry, 3

Greene, Richard W.
Grant, Robert
Gould, William S.
Garrett, Francis
Grattan, Edmund 4.
Godna, Miss Francis
Gladman, Addison B.

Hurst, George
Hill, Jonathan, M. D.
Hill, Pompey
Hodges, Rev. John
Hess, Mrs. Rachael
Hall, Rev. W. W.
Hill, Isaac
Hopkinson, Miss Adelaide
Hubard, James
HRinman, Charles W.
Hilton, John
Haynie, Miss Leah B. 2

Jones, Digarnier
Jones, W. D.
Jones, William H.
Jones, D.
James, Samuel
Irvin, David, 2

Kane, Stephen

Luckc, Ann
Leitch, Miss Mary
Law, George
Livingston, Stephen
Lowry, Q. H.
Lewis, William H.
Lyman, General Samuel P.

Muse, Lientenant S. E.
Mann, Colonel Ambrose D.
Moore, Miss Emily
Mills, John [Millwright]
Mathiott, Colonel Jacob D.
Milburn, Mrs. Eleanor
Moxley, B. F.
Morgan, Thomas M.
Martin, Mrs. E. B.
Michael Emanuel H.
Mower, Colonel James B.
Magrider, Mrs. Emily C.

McQuirk, Owen
McLain, John, of New York
McCalla, General John M. 2

Nicholson, Walter
Noland, Burr Powell, 3

Olson, James W.

Prime, Rufus
Polk, J K.
Page, H. L.
Post, M.
Paine, A. W.
Page, Captain John
Potts, Robert B. 2
Helps, Lieutenant J. W.
Phelps, Mr.

Rames, Samuel W.
Royce, William M.
Reeves, Robert
Rodney, George B.
Redmond, Joseph
Robert, Major George E.
Roberts, Mrs. Ann

Scott, James B.
Slye, Thomas G.
Sexton, Ciarles
Swift, Captain Oliver C.
Steer, Francis
Shields, Hamilton
Stanard, W. B.
Stevens, Frederick, U. S. N.
Sheldon, Major J. P.
Stevens, Robert Q.
Sommers, Mrs. Susannah
Seerptary U. S. Agriculture
Sdatety
Stewart, William

Thrope, Mr. 2
Tolman, James 2
Thorn, Benj. A.
Thompson, Mrs. Harriet
Taggart, William
Taylor, Mrs. Mary

Ward, R. E.
Wayne, William A.
Welch, Win. H.
Wade, MHjor W.
Webb, Joseph W.
Wright, Mrs. Emma
Wright, Win. S.
Wex, George
Wards, Williamn
Ward, J. B. H.
Ware, Miss Julianna
Werth, John J.
Wilson, James, 2
Watson, William
Wallace, Miss Roberta Ann
Wallraven, James C.

Young, John
Young, William


Wilson, W.
Walters, Josb, 2
Winder, Charles H. 5
Whittlesey, Oliver B.
Williams, Miss Mary E.
Wilson, Richard Thomas
Warner, Miss
NWiley, Bernard H.
Wasser, Ferdinand
Wilson, Gen. John
Winston, Mrs. Ann
Whitney, Eli
Wooster, Captain
Wilson, John
Williamson, John

Y.
Young, Dr. James H.
Younges, Geo. F. H. 4


5"r The inland postage on all letters intended to go by ship
must be paid, otherwise they remain in this office.
feb 15-3t WM. JONES, P. M.
OHN MILLS has filed his petition for the benefit
of the Bankrupt Law, which petition will he heard be-
fore tlhe Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sitting in
Bankruptcy, in the Court-room in Washington county, on Monday,
the seventh day of March next, at 10 o'clock A. M. when and
where all persons interested may appear and show cause, if any
they have, why the prayer of the said petitioner should not be
granted. By order of the Court.
Test: WM. BRENT,
Clerk Circuit Court, Washington county, D. C.
feb 15-3t
G EORGE M. KENDALL has filed his petition for the
benefit of the Bankrupt Law, which petition will be heard be-
fore the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sitting in Bank-
ruptcy, in the Court-room in Washington county, on Monday, the
seventh day of March next, at 10 o'clock A. M., when and where
all persons interested may appear and show cause, if any they
have, why the prayer of the said petitioner should not be granted.
By order of the Court. Test WM. BRENT,
feb 15-3t Clerk Circuit Court, Washington county, D. C.
JTOHN ADDISON has filed his petition for the benefit
of the Bankrupt Law, which petition will be heard before
the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sitting in Bank-
ruptcy, in the Court-room in Washington county, on Monday,
the seventh day of March next, at 10 o'clock A. M., when and
where qtl persons interested may appear and show cause, if any
they have, why the prayer of the said petitioner should not be
granted. By order of the court.
Test s WM. BRENT,
Clerk Circuit Court, Washington county, D. C.
feb 15-3t
WARITISH NAUTICAL ALMANAC FOR 1845,
ED imported by F. TAYLOR, this day received. Published
in London on the 1st of last month.
On HANO, the French and British Nautical Almanac for 1843
and 1844. feb 9


A.
Ames, Samuel, 2
Arbuckle, Win. W.
Anderson, Joseph A,
Anderson, Mrs. Lucy B.
Allen, Captain
Adams, Pass. Mid. Joseph
B.
Blake, Francis
Boast, E. B.
Bailey, Lucinda
Brookes, Mrs. Eliza Jane
Brooke, Mrs. Ellen M.
Birch, Mrs. Eleanor
Brown, jr. Thomas
Boswell, James J.
Byram, John W.
Brisdoe, Philip
Baker, Lewis
Brownell, Captain Thomas
Beasley & Young
Batten, Mrs. Priscilla
Barry, Edmund

C.
Carter, Miss Judidah
Costin, Miss Virginia
Cooper, J. Fennimore
Conrad, Robert T.
Center, Isaac N.
Caral, Mrs. Elizabeth
Champion, A.
Castell, John

D.
Dimmock, Captain Charles, 2
Dowson, Miss Ann
Dorman, 0. M. 2
Dowling, Daniel J.
Duvall, Mr. [Blacksmith]
Douglass, James C., U. S. N.
Duvall, William P.
Deneal, James C.
Dawson, Aaron
E.
Edwards, Dr. J. H.
Ewing, George W.
English, Captain Thomas S.
Estill, Colonel J. M.
F.
Fisher, Redwood
Fosbenner, William
Furman, jr. G.
Frasier, Thomas

3.
Gardner, William F.
Goodrich, S. G. 3
Gardner, Miss Francis
Gillaspy, John P.
Garnet, Francis V.
Greenleaf, Daniel
Glascoek, R.
H1.
Hamill, William L.
Hendley, James D.
Harris, A.
Hunter, H.H. 4
Hornier, Robert E.
Higgins, William
Hallam, James R.
Howard, Miss Ann Maria
Hartlove, James
Hawkins, Edward
Heisler, John
Hubbell, jr. Charles B.
J.
Israel, Overnigton
Judson, C. H.
Jackson, Ellen
Johnson, Charles P.
Johnson, Joseph

K.
Kelsey, William H.

Lindsley, Malcolm, 2
Latimer, Captain W. K.
Lowry, Mrs. Ann
Lindsay, Alfred
Lemon, W. H.
Lawrie, C.
Leonard, Mrs. Isabella
M.
Marble, William H.
Miller, Mrs. J. S.
Marshall, A. J.
Martin, James J.
Mason, Stephen T.
Mercer, Charles F. 2
Mesaroon, Lieutenant J. J. 3
Mellen, Francis
Manson, J. W.
Macdowell, Dr. C.
Mallett, General E. J.
Marshall, Dr.
Ic.
McNerhany, John
MeFarian, Mrs. Helen

N.
Newell, Rev. C.

0.
Otteuger, Lieutenant Douglass

Palmer, Catharine
Pendergrast, Jeremiah
Pomerby, Ralph
Potter, Joseph S.
Parnell, Dr. B. A.
Patent, W. K.
Philips, Lieutenant
Parker, Philip P.
Philips, Mrs. Jane

Raffile, Charles
Richardson, Mrs. Matilda
Rodgers, A. F.
Robinson, Henry
Rockwell, C. W.
Riddle, John S.
Robbins, Thes. & Herman Cope
S.
Saxton, Mrs. Susan
Saltmarsh, D. A.
Stewart, W. M.
Slaughter, Miss Jane A.
Sanderson, Miss Caroline
Sheckell, Richard
Sewell, Margaret
Schrivner, Thomas G.
Sullivan, Thomas 0.
Sexton, D. C.
Scrivner, Charles
Sanborn, Geo. W.
Stevens, James A.

r.
Taylor, James
Turner, Wm. E.
Turner, J. T.
Thumlert, James E. 2
Taggart, James B. 3


volved, WILLIAM MURDOCK, Secretary.
AGENTS.
James H. Causten, City of Washington.
Dr. B. R. Wellford, Fredericksburg, Virginia.
H. Baldwin, Richmond,'Va.
D. Robertson, Norfolk, Va.
A. S. Tidball, Winchester, Va.
George Richards, Leesburg,Va. mar 1-yI
T O DYSPEPTICS.-Among the number ofdistinguished
gentlemen who have, from personal experience, expressed
themselves in terms of commendation of the effects of Beckuith's
Anti-Dyspeptic Pills, Mr. VAN BuntsN, late President of the
United States, has, upon request, permitted the Proprietor to say
that, having been presented by him some years since with a box of
his Pills, he was induced to take them as a remedy for disordered
stomach; that he has given them a fair trial, and is well satisfied
that they have contributed greatly to the perfect re -establishment
of his health.
These Pills may be had in any quanitites, and on liberal terms,
on application to Dr. JOHN BxuNaWITH, at Raleigh, North Caro-
lina, by whom alone they are prepared, jan 26-eo4w
O RGAN PIANO.-Lately received, and for sale at Sta-
tioners' Hall, a newly-invented and handsome musical in-
strument, constructed to play fifteen popular tunes, consisting of
cotillions, waltzes, marches, &c.; in addition to which it is an or.
namental piece of furniture for a parlor, the works being placed
in a handsome mahogany pier table, with a marble slab on the top.
It was manufactured by a foreigner, and there is but one other of
the kind in the country for sale. dec 15


B ANCROFT'S UNITED STATES, Prescott's Fer-
dinand and Isabella, Madison Papers, Byron, 1 vol., Glory
and Shame of England, De Tocqueville a Democracy, Stephens's
Centreal America, Smyth's Lectures, Siebeg's Chemistry, Manes-
ca's Oral System, and many others too numerous to mention, just
received at MORRISON'S Bookstore.
MERRY'S MUSEUM. The January number is just received
at the bookstore, subscription only one dollar. Decidedly the
cheapest and best of all juvenile periodicals. Subscribe at the
bookstore of the sole agent, W" M. MORRISON,
4 doors west of Brown's.
Mrs. Rivos's Book is for sale at Morrison's. jan 31
FRANKLIN IeNSEUANCE OFFICE, Nov. 10, 1841. .
THE FRANKLIN INSURANCE COMPANY
T of Washington city continue to insure Houses, Household
Furniture, and Merchandise, ac. against the loss by fire, in and
out of this city, on as reasonable terms as any other Insurance
Company of good standing. Applications will be received at their
office or by any of the Directors of the Company, and all neces-
sary information given. The Board of Directois consist of the
following gentlemen :
James C. Hall, John P. Ingle,
James McClery, Wm. Elder,
Wm. A. Bradley, Matthew Wright,
Jos. H. Bradley, John Boyle,
Nicholas Callan, P. G. Howle.
Wm. J. McDonald,
G. C. GRAMMER, President.
WILLIAM STnTTINIUS, Secretary.
13 Office sonth side of Pennsylvania avenue, next to Mrs.
Kennedy's Boarding House. jan 13-2aw6w
AMERICAN CROWN WINDOW GLASS, manu-
factured in, the village of Redford, county of Clinton, and
State of New York.
To the Redford Crown Glass has been awarded the first pre-
mium at the American Institute, in the city of New York, for five
successive years, and has received a gold medal in commendation
of its superior merits. This glass is made from white flint sand,
obtained in the vicinity of the works, and is the only Crown glass
made from that species of sand. It is capable of standing every
change of climate, nor will it lose its lustre by age.
The Redford and Saranac Crown Window Glass are distin-
guished from ordinary glass by the uncommon evenness and beau-
ty of surface, the superior transparency and, lightness of color, the
great thickness, and general excellence of the materials which
compose them. Thesurface not being polished after being blown
retains the enamel brilliancy and hardness, and is not subject to
the objection so often applied to plate glass of being easily defaced
and permanently bedimmed by dust : being made of extra thick-
ness it will, withoutinjury, withstand violent winds, hailstorms,jars
of cannon, &c.; its uae in the end will prove more economical, in-
dependent of its adding so much to the beautiful appearance of
buildings.
Specimens of this deservedly popular glass may be seen in the
New York Exchange and Custom-house, Howard Hotel, Bron-
son's Buildings, Broadway, Centre Market, and a great number
of private residences and stores in various parts of the city; also in
the Exchange and Custom-house, Boston, Girard College, Phila-
delphia, Exchange Hotel, Baltimore, in the public buildings at
Washington city, the Capitol at Raleigh, North Carolina, and in
very many both public and private edifices throughout the United
States. It has been used in a great number of steamboats and
railroad cars, and given entire satisfaction. It is believed that the
above will suffice to prove that this glass stands pre-eminent, and
that it deservedly merits the approbation of builders and consum-
ers of glass.
The Saranac Crown Glass is most used in stores and buildings
ofthe second order, green-houses, &c. where strength and c4ear-
ness are particularly desired, and will range about thirty-three
and a third per cent. cheaper than Redford.
The double thickness is always used for light-houses, and is ta-
ken by the true economist for sky-lights, steamboats, ships' cabin
windows, &c.
Ground glass, for sky-lights, churches, and artists windows, fur-
nished to any pattern or size.
The glass is carefully packed in stout boxes, and nailed and se-
cured so as to be transported with safety to any part of the United
States.
For the more complete satisfaction of persons at a distance who
may not have an opportunity to examine this beautiful article, the
following testimonials are respectfully offered for consideration:
Extract from the report of the committee at the American Insti-
tute, October, 1837:
"For richness of lustre and brilliancy of surface, as well as
thickness and strength, the Redford Grown Glass is the most
beautiful article of the kind that has ever fallen under our notice,
either of domestic or foreign production, and it affords a proud
specimen of the skill and enterprise of American manufacturers."
The following gentlemen, architects, have permitted us to use
their names in commendation of the above glass :
Robert Mills, architect public buildings, Washington.
Thomas U. Walter, architect Girard's College, Philadelphia.
Isaiah Rogers, architect, New York.
Ithiel Town, do do
Calvin Pollard, do do
Gamaliel King, do do
Thomas Thomas, do do
The subscribers have spared no pains to make this one of the
best establishments in the United States. Orders from any part
of the United States for any sizes, 6 by 4 to 30 by 18, Redford or
Saranac, for dwelling houses, churches, stores, light-houses,
green-houses, sky-lights, &c. addressed to them, or CHARLES
Gopr, agent, New York, or to any of their selling agents, will be
executed with care and prompt attention.
LANE, CORNING, & SUYDAM,
sept 23-w6m Troy, New York.
"ARNABY RUDGE, complete.-Fine and cheap edi-
J tions this day received by WM. M. MORRISON.
BICKERING PIANO FORTE.--W. FISCHER
has just received one Rosewood and one Mahogany Piano
Forte, with iron frame and hamp pedal, from the unrivalled man-
ufacturers, Messrs. Chickering & Mackays, Boston. Suffice it to
say that all professors of music of merit, prefer and recommend
the Chickering Pianos as superior in every point of view to the
German or any American manufacture, either of which will be
sold at the manufacturer's price, and packed free of charge at Sta-
oner's Hall. dec 29
7g1H1E BANKRUPT LAW OF THE UNITED
A STATES, passed August, 1841, with a Commentary,
containing full explanations, and ample references to English and
American authorities, prepared for popular and professional use,
bya Member of the Bar, in pamphlet form.
dec 15 FP. TAYLOR.
EGROES WANTED.-Cash and the highest market
prices will be paid for any number of likely young negroes
of bothsexes,(families and mechanics included.) Allcommuni-
cations addressed to me at the old establishment of Armfield,
Franklin& Co., westend of Duke street, Alexandria, D. C.,
will meet with prompt attention.
july 26--2awcp& lawdptf GEORGE KEPHART.
T HUE NTENOGRAPHEH, or Self Instructor in
J the Art of Short Hand, by Charles O'Counsell; containing
four plates, with rules and instructions, whereby any person may
acquire the mode of taking down trials, orations, lectures, ser-
mons, debates, speeches, &.c, and be competent by a little expe
rience to practice the same. R. FARNHAM,
sep 3 Between 9th and 10th sts. Penn. Av.
rmHE CARCANET, a Musical Album for 1842, edited
T by de Begnis, engraved and bound in an ornamental style,
and containing twenty-one new pieces of music, and some old
compositions of eminent musicians which have not before seen the
eight. A few copies this day received. P. TAYLOR.
JUDGE LOMAX'S TREATISE ON THE LAW
OF EXECUTORS AND ADMINISTRATORS,
2 volumes, just published, is this day received for sale by F.
TAYLOR, price 812 50. Also, Judge Lomax's Digest of the
Laws respecting Real Property, 3 volumes. Also, the 4th vol. of
Harrison's Digest, 1842. Also, the 38th volume of English Com-
mon Law Reports, containing cases in the Queen's Bench, Com-
mon Pleas and Exchequer, and cases in Bankruptcy. Also, the
last volume of Condensed English Chancery Reports. Also,
Judge Kinne's Law Compendium, Dorsey's Laws of Maryland,
3 volumes. Also, the Bankrupt Law of the United States, with
Notes and References to English and American Cases, prepared
for popular or professional vse by a member of the Philadelphia
Bar. Price 62 cents. Phillips on Evidence, 4 volumes. Also,
Gordon's Digest, edition of 1841. The last number *f the Bos-
ton Jurist and the Philadelphia Law Library.
*%* All new Law Books received immediately on publication,
and a valuable collection of Standard Law Books kept constantly
on hand for sale,: strictly at New York and Philadelphia prices
in evety case. feb 7
BALTIMORE LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY
JOHN J. DONALDSON, Pxestpaiev,
I NSURES LIVES for one r morey ears, or for life.

Rates for One Hundred Dollars.
!tge. One year. Seven years. For life.
25 1,00 1.12 2.04
30 1.81 1,36 2.36
35 1.36 1,58 2.76
40 1.69 1.83 8.20
45 1.91 1.96 8.73
50 1.96 2.09 4.60
55 2.32 3.21 5.78
60 4,35 4.91 7.00
GRANTS ANNUITIES.
Ratesfor One Hundred Dollars.
60 years of age, 10.58 percent. 1
65 do. 12.27 do. peranivur.
70 do. 14.19 do. 1
SELLS ENDOWMENTS.
For One Hundred Dollars deposited at birth of ehild,thb Corn
pany will pay, if he attain 21 years ofage, 8469
At six months, 408
One year, 379
The Companyalsoexecutestruste; receives moneyon dcpomite,
paying interest semi-annually, or compounding it, and makes
all kinds of contracts in which life or the interest of money isin-


S UPERIOR STATION EB Y.-The subscriber has late-
ly received from New York a large supply of cut glass
Inkstands, Wafers, Sealing Wax, Rodgers's Cutlery, and fancy
Stationery, which will be sold, wholesale and retail, at New York
prices. Aisd, about fifty kinds of Steel Pens, consisting of the
Perryan, Windle's, Gillott'sChanseo's, Levy's, &e. which will
be sold at much lower prices than formerly.
R.FARNHAM,
nov 1 Corner of 11 th street and Penn. av.
PRINTING PAPER.-W. FISCHER has in store one
hundred reams best quality Printing Paper, sizes 19 by 24
and 22 by 32 inches, which he will sell at a reduced price to close
the lot. Oct 1
N EW WOKIKS.-STANLEY THORN, or Henry Cock-
ton, Esq. with numerous illustrations, by Cruikshanik.
TALES AND SOUVENIRS ef a Residence in Europe, by
Mrs Rives.
MRS. SEDGWICK'S LETTERS from Abroad to Kindled at
Home, in two volumes.
POCAHONTAS, and other Poems, by Mrs. L. H. Sigourney,
a new edition.
LECTURES on the Sphere and Duties of Woman and other
subjects, by George W. Burnap.
LECTURES on the History of Literature, ancient and modern,
from the German of Frederick Schlegel.
SKETCHES OF MARRIED LIFE, by Mrs. Pollen, revised
edition.
POETICAL REMAINS of Maria Davidson, collected and ar-
ranged by her mother, with a Biography by Miss Sedgwick.
BIOGRAPHY and Poetical Remains of the late Margaret
Miller Davidson, by Washington Irving, third edition.
INCIDENTS OF TRAVEL in Central America, Chiapas, and
Yucatan, by John L. Stephens, illustrated ,by numerous engrav-
ings. A new edition.
THE ADDRESSES and Messages of the Presidents of the Uni-
ed Slates, from Washington to Tyler, to which is added the De-
claration of Independence and Constitution of the United States.
THE POEMS OP OSSIAN, translated by James Macphcr-
son, Esq to which is prefixed a Preliminary Discourse and Dis.
sertations on the era and Poems of Ossian. A new edition.
R. FARNHAM,
no-v 19 corner of I11 street and Penn. av.
WNEW AMERICAN STEEL PENS.-W.PISCHER
would invite the attention of Members of Congress, Heads
of Bureaus, banking houses, merchants, and teachers of schools,
loan examination and trial of the Metallic Peri manufactured by
Josiah Haydevv & Co. Massachusetts, to whom a silver medal was
awarded by the American Institute in New York for the superi-
ority of their Pens. A large supply of them is for sale, wholesale
and retail, at Stationers' Hall, the proprietor of which has been
appointed agent, and will take pleasure in showing the variety of
Pens to all who may call or send for them. dec 18
L ETTERS OF HORACE WALPOLE, Earl of
L Oxford, inefuding numerous letters, now first published,
from the original manuscript, in 4 vols. octavo, with a beautiful
portrait, on steel; just published and for sale at MORRISON'S
Bookstore, 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel. nov 26
20 B Heams Compliment Paper.-W. FISCHER
y has recently received 200 reams of Compliment Pa-
rer, comprising the very best quality of English, French, and
American manufac.urc, of various sizes, with envelopes to match.
Also, every variety of colored Sealing Wax and Wafers, with
every other article in the Stationery line, of superior quality, con-
stantly for sale atStationers' Hall, dec 18
Circuit Court of tie I)lstrict of Columbia for the coun-
ty of Washington.
IN CHANCERY, NOVEMBER TERM, 1841.
William H. Booth,
Vs.
John K. West, Louisa Livingston, executrix of Edward Livings-
ton, deceased, Henry D. Gilpin, and Hon. Thomas Ewing, Sen
retry of the Treasury of the United States.
fj^HE bill of complaint in this cause in substance sets forth
that in the year 1821 the complainantrccoveredin Jefferson
Circuit Court of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, by the judg-
ment of the said Court, a judgment against the defendant John K.
West for the sum of $5,000, with interest at thie rate of 6 per cent.
per annum, from the 19th day of March, 1819, besides costs of
suit; that the said judgment remains in full force and virtue, and
wholly unsatisfied; that execution was duly issued upon said judg-
ment, but that the said West had not, nor now has, any property
or effects which could or can be reached by said process of exe-
cution; and that therefore nothing has been made thereby; and
that the complainant has exhaustedl all the means which the law
affords him of obtaining payment of the debt and satisfaction of
the said judgment, and is and must be remediless except in
Chancery.
The bill proceeds to state that the defendant West had, and
has, certain claims upon the Republic of Mexico, provided for in
tihe Convention of 1840, between that Republic and the United
States; that thie said claims were prosecuted by and in the name
of Louisa Livingston, executrix of the late Edward Livingston,
who had been employed in hia life time by the said West to pro-
secute the same; that the said Board has awarded to the said
Louisa, executrix as aforesaid, and in trust for the said West, the
sum of $43,652, to be paid by the said Republic of Mexico to her
in trust asaforesaid ; that, in pursuance of he act ofCongress,the
Secretary of the Tieasury has granted and issued, or is about
granting and issuing, certificates on the said award for the amount
thereof, which certificates may be transferred; end that the
moneys receivable therefore may be removed beyond the processI
of this Court, and so the complainant may be prevented from hav-
ing recourse thereto to satisfy the said debtaso due to him as afore-
said; that Henry D. Gilpin, Esq. is the agent or attorney of the
said Louisa Livingston, and has received, or will receive, the I
said certificates, and carry them beyond the jurisdiction of this
Court, unless prevented by the interference of the Court. The
bill then prays that the said Secretary ofthe Treasury may be de-
creed to withhold the issuing or granting of the said certificates,
and that the said H. D. Gilpin may also be adjudged and ordered,
if he shall have received the said certificates, or any part thereof,
or shall hereafter receive the same, to hold and retain the same
subject to the payment of the said debt to the complainants and
that the said award and certificates, or so much thereof as may be
necessary for the purpose, be made by this Court applicable to I
the payment of the said debt, and that general relief may be grant-
ed, and so forth.
And forasmuch as it is alleged in the said bill that the said
John K. West and the said Louisa Livingston are not, nor is either
of them, within the jurisdiction of this Court, but reside at New
Orleans, in Louisiana, it is now, on this twenty-second day of No
member, in the year of our Lord 1841, by the Court, ordered thas
tive complainant make publication of the stbstance of said bill in
the National Intelligencer, published in the city of Washington,I
once a week for the space of four months prior to the first Monday
in April next, thereby notifying the said John K. West and the
said Louisa Livingston to be and appear before the Court here in
their proper persons, or by solicitor, on or before the said first Mon-
day in April next, to answer to the several matters and things in
the said bill set forth ; and that, such publication being duly made,I
in default of such appearance and answer, the said bill and the
several matters thereof be taken as confessed against the said
John K. West and the said Louisa Livingston.
By order of the Court.
Test: W. BRENT, Clerk.
Coxa & CASLISLI, Solicitors and of counsel for complainant.
nov 25-w4m
ANTOLOGY, a Systematic Survey of Human
Knowledge, by Roswell Park, A. M. Professor of Natural
Philosophy and Chemistry in the University of Pennsylvania, 1
ol. octavo, with many illustrative engravings. Just published,
and received for sale by F. TAYLOR.
RNAMENTAL BOOKS FOR i841.-This day
received by F. TAYLOR-
The Poetry of Flowers and Flowers of Poetry, by Francis S.
Osgood, containing also many engravings, a Floral dictionary, &c.
The Lady's Book of Flowers and Poetry, by Lucy Hooper, richly
bound in Turkey morocco, and embellished with numerous splen-
didly colored engravings. Mrs. Wirt's Flora's Dictionary, and a
variety of other similar works. Heath's Historical Annual for
1842, illustrating by history and engravings the great Civil War
of Charles the First; and a variety of new children's Books just
opened. Five editions of the most popular authors in Poetry and
Prose, most of them imported from London, many beautifully em-
bellished, others richly bound. Illustrated Books in great variety,
both English and French. Diamond editions for the pocket ,f fa-
vorite Religious writers; Miniature English editions, richly bound;
Souvenirs, Albums, Drawing Books, Books of Engravings, Pocket
Books, Card Cases, Gold and Silver Pencil Cases, Portfolios, &c.
all for sale at the lowest New York and Philadelphia prices.
M INIATORE ENGLISH EDITIONS, richly
bound and embellished, of Milton, 2 vols. Cowper, 2 vols.
Young's Night Thoughts, 2 volb. Thompson's Seasons, 2 vols.
Bacon s Essays, Coleridge's Poems, Goldsmith's E:-says, Scott's
Ballads, Walton & Cotton's Complete Angler, Scott's Marmion,
Scott's Lady of the Lake, Scott's Lay of the Last Minstrel, Lewis's
Talcs of Wonder, Charles Lamb's Rosamund Gray, Gems of Wit
and Humor, Falconer's Shipwreck, Gregory's Father's Legacy,
Gems from Shakspeare, Mason on Self Knowledge, Burns,
Campbell, Hemans, Miss Landon, Pollok, Fenelon, Pope, Irving,
Akeneide, Channing's Essays, Lamb's Tales from Sbakspeare,
Lalls Rsokh, Moore's Melodies, Bishop Heber, Sterne, Gold-
smith's Essays, Goldsmith's Poems, Gray's Poems, Bron, Shak-
epeare, and many other popular authors, English Bibles, u&e. &c.
All beautiful packet editions, in rich London binding. Lately im-
ported, and for sale by
dec 2 P. TAYLOR.


AG WCY at WASHIXGTOW.-JAMES H. CAUS-
TEN,(late of Baltimore,) having madethiscity his perma.
Bent residence, wilt undertake, with hisaccustomed zealand dil-
igence,the settlement ofclaims generally; and more particularly
claims before Congress, against the United States, or the several
Departmentathereof, and before any Board of Commissionersthal
may be raised for the adjustment of spoliation or other claims.
He has now in charge the entire class arising out of French spo-
liations priortothe year 1800; with reference to which, in addition
to a mass of documents and proofs in his possession, bhe has ac-
cees to those in the archivesof the Government.
Claimants and pensioners on the Navy fund, &o. bountylands,
return duties, &c. &c. and those requiring life insurance, can
have their business promptly attended to by letter, (post paid,)
and bus relieve themselves from an expensive and inconvenient
personal attendance.
Havingobtained a commission of Notary Public, he is prepared
tofurnish legalized copies of any required public documents or
ether papers. He has been so long engaged in the duties of an
agent, that it can only be necessary now to say that economy and
prompt attention shall be extended to all business confided to his
care; and that, to enable him to render his services and facilities
more efficacious, he has become familiar with all the formsof
office.
OJfflceoo Fstrei,nearthe net Treasury Building.
feb 28-
NEW MAP OF MARYLAND, on a large scale, newly
constructed from the best authorities ; nearly five feet in
length, and giving upon the same large scale portions of Virgi
nia and Pennsylvania, and the whole of Delaware ; the sound-
ings of the Chesapeake, Delaware, and Potomac; and laying
down with greater care and accuracy than has before been at-
tempted the natural and artificial features of the face of the
country; the whole beautifully engraved and colored, and mount-
ed on rollers.
Just published in Baltimore, and this day received (a few co-
pies only) for sale by
dec 10 P. TAYLOR.
L ECTURES ON G ECOLOGY, Number 4, translat-
ed from the German of Leonhard, and edited by Professor
F. Hall, is just published, and for sale, together with the previous
numbers, by F. TAYLOt Price 50 cent "ach. sept 8


CONGRESSIONAL DIRECTORY far the Second
Session of the Twenty-seventh Congress of the United
States of America, compiled and printed far the use of Congress.
Contents: Names of Senators, Representatives, and Delegates,
with their post offices and districts. Alphabetical Congress Di-
rectory. Committees: Senate, House, Joint, and Select Commit-
tees. Residence of Public Officers, Officers of Congress, Senate,
House, United States Supreme Court, Foreign Ministers near the
United States, Ministers, Consuls, and ether Diplomatic Agents.
Mail, Railroad, $teambosat, and Stage Arrangements.
Just published, and for sale at the Bookstore of
B. FARNHAM,
dec 31 Corner of lih irestei and' Pnn.a aenue.
S ONDON ANNUALS FOR l 112.-Heath's Bat.k
o- .' Uo l atn hirtrlei, splerddi.J prlrabits. Heal's Picliurequie
Annual, wllh cmro)' ngravm.ns. Paris, t.i Mrs. Gore, twenty i.ne
highly finished engravings. Keepsake, twenty six steel and
acrographic plates. Book of the Boudoir. Heath's Historical
Annual. Friendship's Offering. Forget me not. Drawing-
Room Scrap Book, beautiful; and all of the American Annuals for
1842. WM. M. MORRISON,
nov 19 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.
In the matter of George Croghan, an Insolvent Debtor.
IT is, this 19th day of January, 1842, ordered that the Trustee
in this cause give public notice, by advertisement in the Na-
tional Intelligencer and Globe, once a week for four weeks, for
all the creditors of the said insolvent to bring in, and file with the
said Trustee, their claims against his estate, with the vouchers
thereof, on or before the second Monday in March next.
W. CRANCH.
Test; W. BRENT, Clerk.
WOTTCE.-Pursuant to the above order, the creditors of
George Croghan above named are hereby nou'fieJ iv bring In and
file with me their claims, with the vouchers thereof, on or before
the second Monday in March next.RICHARD
RICHARD FRANCE,
jan 25-w4w [Globe] Tiustee.
ISTORY OF SLAVERY.-An inquiry ini.) the his-
tory of slavery, Its introduction into the Uniied Sia'es,
cau"'a of its continuanoe, and remark, upon the abolition Iracts
of William E. Channing, D. D., by Rei. T. C. Thornnon, Presi-
dent of the Centenary College, Cli;nton, Miseisisppi.
Just published by W. M. MORRISON,
jan 31 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel,


A WATURAL REMEDY, suited to our cornstitutions,
and competent to the cure of every curable disease, will be
found in the INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLS of the North Ame-
rican College of Health.
These extraordinary Pillsa are composed of plants whien grow
spontaneously on our own soil; and are therefore better adapted
to our constitutions than medicines concocted from foreign drugs,
however well they may be compounded; and as the Indian Vege-
table Pills are founded upon the principle that the human body is
in truth subject to but ane disease, viz. coirupt humors, and that
said medicine cures this disease on natural principles-by clean-
eJng and purifying the body-it will be manifest, that if the con-
stitution be not entirely exhausted, a perseverance in their use,
according to directions, is absolutely certain to drive disease of
every name from the body.
When we wish to restore a swamp or morass to fertility, we
drain it of the superabundant waters; in like manner, if we wish to
restore the body to health, we must cleanse it of impurity.
The Indian Vegetable Pills will be found one of the best, if not
the very test medicine in the world for carrying out this grand
purifying principle, because they expel from the body all morbid
and corrupt humors, the cause of disease, in an easy and natural
manner; and while they every day give ease and pleasure, dis-
ease of every name is rapidly driven from the body.
The above named Indian Vegetable Pills have been three years
before the American Public ; and we can now say, without fear of
contradiction, that of all the various medicines which have here-
tofore been popular, not one has given such universal satisfaction
or obtained such a permanent hold upon the affections of the peo-
ple. Not only do all who use it, invariable experience relief, and
recommend it in the strongest terms, but it has effected some of
the most astonishing cures ever performed by medicine.
Hitherto, very few of the numerous testimonials vhich have
been received in favor of this extraordinary medicine have been
published, as the medicine obtained its present great celebrity
more by its own intrinsic goodness than from extensive advertising.
It has been deemed proper, however, to offer the following opinions
of the public press, together with a few extracts from letters of
agents, merely to show that the fame of the Indian Vegetable Pills
is not confined to any one section, but is rapidly extending itself
to every part of the Union.
FProm the Philadelphia Saturday Evening Post.
THE INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLS.-Wright's Indian Vegetable
Pills are attaining great celebrity in New England as well as other
parts of the United States. The attempt of persons to defraud the
public by thie sale of spurious articles meets with general repro-
baiion. Mr. Wright is an indefatigable business man, and shows
an array of cures by the medicine which warrant confidence in
the virtues of his Indian Vegetable Pills.
From the Philadelphia Spirit of the Times.
THa INDIAN VEGETABLE PILLa.-People are pretty well satis-
fied by this time that calomel and the other thousand and one
mineral preparations of the shops, are better adapted, as a general
rule, to kill rather than cure the patient ; as a matter of course,
vegetable medicines are therefore in great request. There are
very many humbugs, however, among the latter, and we would
advise all these who have the least regard for their health to try
the Indian Vegetable Pills of the North American College of
Health, sold at 169 Race street, Philadelphia, as they are the pre-
paration of one intimately acquainted with the healing art.
From the Boston Daily Times.
INtDIAN VEGETABLE PLLs.-Ofall the publicly advertised medi-
cines of the day, we know of none that we can more safely recom-
mend for the "ills that flash is heir to" than the Pills that are sold
at the depot of the North American College of Health, No. 198
Tremont street, Boston. Several instances we know of where
they are used in families with the highest satisfaction ; and no
longeragothan yesterday we heard an eminent physician of the city
recommend them in high terms. There used to be in the commu-
nity a great repugnance to the use of quack medicines, as they are
all indiscriminately termed, but it was mainly owing to the regu-
lar M. D.'s constantly denouncing them. They are, however, be-
coming more liberal in this respect, and the consequence is that
good vegetable medicines are now more extensively used than
formerly.
Extract of a letter from Peter Christ, Uniontown, Carroll
county, Maryland, November 17, 1838.
Dear Sir : About two months ago I had business in Baltimore,
and called at your office and bought a few boxes of the Indian Ve-
getable Pills ; and upon trying them I found them to be far supe-
rior to -- Pills, or any other medicine I had ever used. I
had been subject to a cough for five years past, and during the
time have taken a variety of medicines without any relief until I
got the Indian Vegetable Pills, and by taking four doses the cough
began to leave me; and I now enjoy better health than I have
done for five years past. After I found them to be a valuable me-
dicine, I immediately sent to Baltimore for a large supply. I have
received so much benefit in using the Indian Vegetable Pills that
I cannot help but recommend' them to every invalid I see, and
think so well ofthe medicine that I have sent two dozen boxes to
my invalid friends in the State of Indiana.
PETER CHRIST.
From G. C. Black, New York.
Mr. Win. Wright: Dear Sir: You will please to forward as
soon as possible some of your Indian Vegetable Pills, as we are
al.nost out of the article, and they appear to be getting into gene-
ral use here. We have a great call for the medicine at present,
and those that have used them speak very highly of them. One
gentleman attributes his being cured of dropsy to the use of them ;
and another has been cut ed of dyspepsia solely by the use of your
Indian Vegetable Pills, and is willing you should publish his case
if you think proper. G. 0. BLACK,
No. I Chatham Square, New York.
Extract of a letter from Mr A. Larrimore, Indiana.
Dr. Wright : Dear Sir : Having some knowledge of your most
excellent compound, the Indian Vegetable Pills, and not knowing
how to get a fresh supply, my stock being nearly exhausted, and
wishing always to have them in my family, I take this method
to open a correspondence with you. The pills alluded to are well
thought of here and very much wanted. 1 wish to make arrange-
ments with you for a constant supply, as I think a very great quan-
tity could be sold in this section of the country.
Extract of a letter from Samuel Grfith, Stewarttown, York
county, Pa.
Mr. W. Wright: Dear Sir: I am selling the Indian Vegetable
Pills by the dollar's worth, and at that rate the stock of Pills, left
by your travelling agent, will soon be out.
I am pleased to find they are such ready sale. Those who have
used them speak in the highest terms of them. Many have al-
ready found great relief from their use, and when the cures are
finally effected, I shall do you the justice to inform you of the
same.
Extract of a letterfrom Washington ity.
Mr. Wmin. Wright: Dear Sir t: You will have the kindness to
forward mae, as soon as Foassible, two or three gross of the Indian
Vegetable Pills. The sales have for the last two months increased
rapidly ; those who buy generally remarking "that they are the
best pills they have ever used," and my opinion is that they will
in a short time supersede all others in this city.
ROBERT FARNHAM.
Extract of a letter from Lycoming county, Pa.
Mr. Win. Wright: Dear Sir: On being appointed agents for
he sale of the Intian Vegetable Pills in this place, we only took
one gross on trial ; but it would have been better if we had taken
half a dozen gross : for, on a fair trial, they have far exceeded our
nost sanguine expectations. In fact so much so that we have been
obliged to send to Mr. Zimmerman, at Lancaster, more than a
hundred miles from here, for ten dozen ; but these will last buts a
very short time the way we are selling them since they have been
airly tested. In the first place, I gave some to our physicians to
make trial of, since which they have purchased a number of boxes
and highly approve of them. A few days ago, there was a lady
sent 30 miles to get a box of the pills ; she at the time was very
ow and unable to turn herself in bed ; but in two days, as my in-
formant says, she was able to help herself.
We could mention many other cases, but deem it unnecessary
t this time; but would merely say, that as the season is fast ap-
proaching when there will be a great demand for the Indian Vege-
able Pills, if we could only get a supply of the medicine, we could
establish other agents, which would be of immense advantage,
not only to the North American College of Health, but to the pub-
ic generally. Please let us know your views on the subject, and
ny directions relative to the same will be promptly attended to by,
Very respectfully, your friends,
S. 1' INCLHEsTER & SON.,
Jersey Shore, Lycoming county, Penn.
AGENTS for the sale of the above-named Indian Vegetable
'ills--
Robert Faroham, Washington. 1
Thomas E. Hills, Georgetown. I District ofColum-
John J. Sayres, Alexandria. 1 bis.
Win. Alexander, Tenallytown. J
Robert Wright, Bladoesburg, Prince George's co.
Jacob S. Hall, Beltsville,
WV. T. Duvall, Good Luck P. 0. h
Office and General Depot, for the sale of the Indian Vegetable
'ills, wholesale and retail, 169 Race street, Philadelphia.
dec 16-ly
BTURMER, a Tale of Mesmerism, to which are added
other Sketches from Life, by Isabella F. Romer.
"Truth severe, by fairy Fiction dressed."
n 2 vols.just fram the press, and for sale at
MORRISON'S Bookstore,
dec 0 4 doors west of Brown's Hotel.


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