Daily national intelligencer

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Title:
Daily national intelligencer
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Unknown
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Gales & Seaton ( Washington City D.C. )
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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oclc - 2260099
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UF00073214:00052

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4n


VoL. XXX.


WASHINGTON: MONDAY, AUGUST 29, 1842.


PUBLIASHED BY GALES & SEATON. whether the services of any of them can be d'spensed with
without detriment to the public service, and whether the re-
TERMS. moval of any individuals, and the appointment of others in
DAILY PAPRit-810 a year-1 a month for anyshortertims. their stead, is required for the better despatch of business,
COUNTRY PAPnt-$6 a year-$4 for six months, and no greater allowance shall be made to any such clerk,
PAVYABL iN ADVANCE or other person, than is, or may be authorized by law, except
to watchmen and messengers, for any labor or services requi-
LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES red of them beyond the particular duties of thfir respective
stations, rendered at such times as does not interfere with the
Passed at the 2d Session of the 27th Congress. performance of their regular duties.
-SEC. 12. Andlbe it further enacted, That no allowance or
[OFFICIAL PUBLICATION.] compensation shall be made, to any clerk or other officer, by
-reason of the discharge of duties which belong to any other
[PuBrtc--No. 63. clerk or officer in the same or any other department; and no
f,, Puw 6 .allowance or compensation shall be made for any extra servi-
AN ACT legalizing and making appropriations for such ces whatever, which any clerk or other officer may be requi-
necessary objects as have been usually included in the gen- red to perform.
eral appropriation bills without authority of law, and to SEC. 13. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the
fix and provide for certain incidental expenses of the De- duty of each chief or principal clerk in the respective depart-
partments and offices of the Government, and for other merits, bureaus, and other offices, to supervise, under the di-
purpoes. reaction of his immediately superior officer, the duties of the
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives other clerks therein, and to see that their duties are faithfully
of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That executed, and that such duties are distributed with equality
heads of he Dpart and uniformity, according to the nature of the case. And
it shall be lawful for the respective heads of the Departmentssuch distribution shall be revised, from time to time, by the
of the General Government to employ or appoint the officers said chief or principal clerk, for the purpose of correcting any
and persons hereinafter mentioned, in addition to those already tendency to undue accumulation or reduction of duties, who-
provided by law, in the offices, bureaus, and places connect- their arising from individual negligence or incapacity, or from
edowith their.several Departments, and at the following annu- increase or diminution of particular kinds of business; and
such chief or principal clerk shall report monthly to his supe-
al salaries, that is to say : rior officer any existing defect thlat he may be aware of in the
1. IN THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE. arrangement or despatch of business; and such defect shall
One superintendent of the northeast Executive building, at be amended by new arrangements of duties, dismissal of
two hundred and fifty dollars, and three watchmen, at three negligent or incompetent officers, or otherwise.
hundred and sixty-five dollars each. Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the
duty of the several heads of Departments in communicating
2. IN THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT. estimates of expenditures and appropriations toCongress, and
In the First Comptroller's office, one assistant messenger, at to any of the committees t hereof, to specify, as nearly as may
three hundred and fifty dollars, be convenient the sources from which suzh estimates are
Jn Ithe First Auditor's office, one additimal clerk, at one derived, and the calculations upon which they are founded;
thousand dollars, and, iu so doing, to discriminate between such estimates as
In the Second Auditor's office, one additional clerk, at on' are conjectural in their character, and such as are framed
thousand dollars, until the second of April, eighteen hundred upon actual information and applicatio.u from disbursing offi-
and forty-three, cers: and, in communicating the several estimates, reference
In thfe Third Auditor's office, three additional clerks, two shall be given to the laws and treaties by which they are au-
at one thousand one hundred and fifty dollars each, and one thorized, the dates thereof, and the volume, page, and section
at one thousand dollars, in which the necessary provisions are contained.
In the Fourth Auditor's office, one clerk, at twelve hun- See. 15. And be it further enacted, That no extra clerk
dred dollars, shall be employed, in any department, bureau, or office at the
In the Fifth Auditor's office, two clerks, under the act of seat of Government, except during the session of Congress, or
seventh July, eighteen hundred and thirty-eight, at one then- when indispensably necessary to enable such department,
sand dollars each. bureau, or office to answer some call made by either House
The compensation of the clerk authorized by the act of of Congress at one session, to be answered at another; and
May twenty-six, eighteen hundred and twenty-four, in the not then, except by order of the head of the department in
Treasurer's office, is hereby increased to one thousand dol- which, or in some bureau or office of which, such extra clerk
lars; and the compensation of the clerk in the same office au- shall be employed; and no much extra clerk, forcopying, shall
thorizAd by the act of July two, eighteen hundred and thirty- receive more than three dollars per day, or for any other ser-
six, is hereby increased to one thousand two hundred dollars, vice more than four dollars per day, for the time actually and
In the office of the Register of the Treasury, one loan clerk, necessarily employed.
(to take effect from fifteenth April, eighteen hundred and forty- Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That no messenger,
two,) at one thousand four hundred dollars. assistant messenger, laborer, or other person shall be employ-
In the office of the Solicitor ot the Treasury, three addi- ed in any department, bureau, or office at the seat of Gov-
tional clerks, at one thousand one hundred and fifty dollars eminent, or paid out of the contingent fund appropriated to
each, and one law clerk, at fifteen hundred dollars, such department, bureau, or office, unless such employment
One superintendent of the southeast Executive building,at shall be authorized by law, or shall become necessary to carry
five hundred dollars, and eight watchmen, at three hundred into effect some object for which appropriations may be ape-
and sixty-five dollars each. cifically made; and not exceeding one hundred dollars pet
3. IN THE WAR DEPARTMENT. annum shall be applied by each department, (except the De-
In the office of the Commanding General, one messenger, apartment of State,) for the purchase of newspapers for such
at five hundred dollars.c department, and all the bureaus and offices connected there-
In the office of the Adjutant General, one messenger, at with ; and such papers shall be preserved as files for said de-
five hundred dollars. apartment.
In the office of the Commissary General of Subsistence, one Sec. 17. And be it further enacted, That all stationery, of
additional clerk, at one thousand dollars, one messenger five every nime and nature, for the use of the two Houses ofCon-
hundred dollars. gress, and all stationery and job printing, of01 every name and
In the office of the Commissioner of Pensions, one messen- nature, for the use of the several departments of Government,
ger, at seven hundred dollars, until the first day of January and for the bureausand offices in those departments at Wash-
next, after'which there shall be two messengers only in said ington, including all stationery, blanks, wrapping paper and
office, at a compensation of five hundred dollars each. twine, and mail bags, furnished the post offices and collect-
In the office of the Chief Engineer, one messenger, at five ors' offices throughout the United States, shall hereafter be
hundred dollars, furnished and performed, by contract, by the lowest bidder,
In the office of the Surgeon General, one clerk, at one as follows: the Secretary of the Senate, the Clerk of the
thousand one hundred and fifty dollars, and one messenger, House of Representatives, the head of each department, and
at five hundred dollars. such deputy postmasters in the Post Office establishment, and
In the office of the Colonel of Ordnance, one messenger, at such collectors In the custom-house establishment, as the
fi e hundred dollars. Ordnance, one Postmaster General and the Secretary of the Treasury shall
Inthe bureau of Topographical Engineers, two clerks, each respectively designate for that purpose, shalo respectively ad-
one thousand, one at one thousand four hundred, and one vetrtie, once a week, for at least four weeks, in one or more
messenger at five hundred dollars. of the pnncipal papers published in the places where such ar
Onesuperintendentof the northwest Executive building, at tiles are to be furnished, or such printing done, for sealed
two hundred and fifty dollars, and four watchmen, at three proposals for furnishing such articles, or the whole of any
hundred nd sixtyfive dollars each articular class of articles, or for doing such printing, or the
hundred and sixty five dollars each. whole of any specified job thereof, to be done at such place,
4. IN THE NAVY DEPARTMENT. specifying in such advertisement the amount, quantity, and
In the Navy Commissioner's office, description of each kind of articles to be furnished, and, as
Two additional clerks, at one thousand four hundred dol- near as may be, the nature, amount, and kind of printing to
lars each, be done; and all such proposals shall be kept sealed until the
Two additional clerks, at one thousand two hundred dol- day specified in such advertisement for opening the same,
Jars each. when they shall be opened, by or under the direction of the
One superintendent of the southwest Executive building, officer making such advertisement, in the presence of at least
at two hundred and fifty dollars, and three watchmen, at three two persons; and the person offering to furnish any class of
hundred nd d sixty-fitve dollars n thre e t such articles, or to perform any specified portion or job of said
r I f the nied Oe THe Sre ANT S Nl work, and giving satisfactory security for the performance
5. IN THE OFFICE OF THE SERGEANT-AT-ARS thereof, under a forfeiture not exced g twice the contract
THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. price in case of failure, shall receive a contract for doing
One messenger, at the daily compensation received by the the same; and in case the lowest bidder shall fail to enter
other messengers of the House of Representatives, and in lieu into such contract and give such security within a reasonable
of one of them. time, to be fixed in such advertisement, then the contract
6. IN THE OOFICE OF ATTORNEY GENERAL shall be given to the next lowest bidder who shall enterinto
One messenger, five hundred dollars. such contract and give such security. And in case of a failure
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That in the Supreme to supply the articles or to perform the work, by the person
Court of the United Statres one reporter shall be appointed by entering into such contract, he and his sureties shall be liable
thecourt, with the salary of twelve hundred and fifty dollars: for the forfeiture specified in such contract, as liquidated
Provided, That he deliver to the Secretary of State, for dis.- damages, to be sued for in the name of the United States, in
tribution, one hundred and fifty copies of each volume of re- any court having jurisdiction thereof.
ports that he shall hereafter prepare and publish, immediately See. 18. And be it further enacted, That all such bids and
after the publication thereof, which publication shall be made proposals shall be returned by the person authorized, as afore-
annually, within four months after the adjournment of the said, to receive the same, to the Executive Department from
court at which the decisions are made. which such authority is derived, and shall be preserved in
SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the assistant Ii- said Department, subject to such examination as Congress
brarian of the library of Congress shall receive eleven hun- may at any time order and direct.
dred and fifty dollars, and the messenger seven hundred dol- Sec. 19. And be it further enacted, That no part of the
lars, per annum, to take effect from the first day of January, contingent fund appropriated to any department, bureau, or
eighteen hundred and forty-two, in lieu of their present co.n- office, shall be applied to the purchase of books, periodicals,
pensation. pictures, or engravings, or other thing, except such books,
SEc. 4. And be it further enacted, That the clerk in the Periodicals, and maps, or other thing as the head of such de-
office of the Secretary of the Navy, whose salary was fixed apartment shall deem necessary and proper to carry on the
at eight hundred dollars by the act of the twentieth of April business of such department, and shall, by written order, di-
eighteen hundred and eighteen, shall receive, in addition, rect to be procured for that purpose.
thereto two hundred dollars. Sec. 20. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty
SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of of the Secretary of the Senate, at the commencement of every
the Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized to employ an regular session of Congress, to report to the Senate, and of
additional clerk, as assistant in his office, at a salary of eight the Clerk of the House of Representatives to report to the
teen hundred dollars per annum;- and the superintendent of House, and of the head of each Department to report to Con-
Indian Affairs at St. Louis be, and he hereby is, authorized gress, a detailed statement of the manner in which the con-
to employ one clerk, at a compensation of twelve hundred tingent fund for each House, and of their respective Depart-
dollars, in lieu of the two clerks authorized by the act of ments, and for the bureaus and offices therein, has been ex-
May ninth, eighteen hundred and thirty-six; and so much of pended, giving the names of every person to whom any por-
said last mentioned act as authorizes the employment of two tion thereof has been paid ; and if for any thing furnished,
clerks is hereby repealed."aa o s e the quantity and price; and if for any services rendered, the
SEC 6. And be further enacted, That the several offices nature of such service, and the time employed, and the part.
and employment hereinbefore mentioned are hereby made cular occasion or cause, in brief, that rendered such service
and declared to be lawful, to all intents and purposes what- necessary ; and the amount of all former appropriations in
ever; and the respective heads of Departments, under whom each case on hand, either in the Treasury or in the hands of
the same are held and exercised, are hereby authorized and any disbursing officer or agent. And th~ey shall require of
empowered to fill the same, and to continue the exercise and the disbursing officers, acting under their direction or antho-
discharge thereof, at the salaries aforesaid, until the first day rity, the return of precise and analytical statements and re-
of July, eighteen hundred and forty-four, except such as are ceipts for all the moneys which may have been, from time to
otherwise limited in this act: Provided, That in all cases time during the next precedig year, expended by them and
whereany .of touhe afremdentie officersor otherpesons oitethe results of such returns shall be communicated annually to
herein authorized to be employed, have already been em-. Congress, by the said officers, respectively.
ploy'ed, and are now in the discharge of their respective du. Sec. 21. And be it further enacted, That the act entitled
ties, or have been so since the first day of January last, under "An act to provide for the publication of the laws of the Unit-
the authority of former appropriation hills, at a different rate of ed States, and for other purposes," approved April twentieth,
compensation than is hereby authorized and affixed to their eighteen hundred and eighteen, so far as the same authorizes
respective places, they shall be entitled to receive the same or requires the laws, resolutions, treaties, and amendments of
rate of compensation heretofore allowed, sod at which they the Constituwion of the United States to be published in any
havebee remain i emloyentfro th fist ay f Jun-paper or papers printed in the different States or Territories
hay lattoten rtaimed nepof mnfo the passagedof this act of the United States, is hereby repealed ; and, in lieu thereof,
Sic. 7.s Ato be tim ofrther i natsaed othiact.tesmo it it shall be the duty of the Secretary of State to publish such







Sc. 17. And be t further naded, That the osumc of fft laws, rer olution noreaetibes and ainndauthorine not esshall
thousand dollar Bds, or so much thereof as may be found neessa la, resoltionmpratie to p les thea
ry,.bo, and the same is hereby, appropriated, for the year sigh- two nor more than four of the principal newspapers published
teen hundred and forty-two, outof any.unappropriated moneys in the city of Washington for country subscribers, giving the
in the Treasury, to the objects hereinbef-are specified, preference to such papers as have the greatest number of per-
SECo. S. And be it farther enacted, That it shall be lawful sasnent subscribers and the most extensive circulation ; for
for the President of the United States to allow a dragomanwhcteprriorfeahaerslleevasulcin
at Constantinople, at a salary of mmre than two thousand fivepestoathrtefondlaroracpgeftelw,
hundred dollars or a consul at London, at a salary of more resolutions, treaties, and amendments, as published in pamph-
than two thousand dollars, let form, And if it shall appear, on the examination of any
SEC. 9. And be at futrthser enacted, That the President of account, that there has been any unreasonable deaiy or in-
the United States shall not allow to any minister resident tentional omission in the publication of the laws aforesaid,
a greater sum than at the rate of six thousand dollars per an- the proper accounting officer of the Treasury is hereby an-
num, as a compensation for all his personal services and ex. thorized and required to deduct from such account such sum
penses: Presided, That it shall be lawful for the President as shall be charged therein for the publication of any laws
to allow to such minister resident, on going from the United which shalt have been so unreasonably delayed or intention-
Btates to any foreign country, an outfit, which shall in no ally omitted ; and, in any such case, it shall be theduty of the
case exceed one year's full salary of such minister resident. Secretary of State to discontinue the publication of the laws
Sic 10. And be it further enacted, That the office of Ar. in the newspaper belonging to such proprietors, and such
chitect of the Public Buildings be, and the same is hrb, newsapte*t shall in no event be again authorized, nor shall
,s a4,....~e. : a... ,M 5Lf.^,5U... the proprietor thereof be again employed, to publish the laws


discontinue and ablishedIUB 4_1 ItA itid S~ta -- -- ''
Sec. 11. And be i "it further enacted, That it shall be the ofeUnited State.
duty of the Secretaries of State, of the Treasury, War, and Sec. 22. And be it further enacted, That, for the purpose
Navy, of the Commissioners of the Navy, of the Postmaster of limiting the incidental and contingent appropriations for
General, of the Secretary of the Senate, and of the Clerk of the necessary expenses of the Government to specific objects,
the House of Representative, to report to Congress at the as far as practicable, the following sums are hereby appropri-
beginnaing of each year the names of the clerks and other sled for the year eighteen hundred and forty-two, out of any
persons that have bees employed, respectively, during the unspprpriated money i the Treasury, to the objects herein-
precodiln year, or any part thereof, in their restpetivedele t-,s after spe.ified, namely:
ments and offices, together with the time that each clar or DEPARTMENT OF STATE.
other person was actually emloyed, and the sums paid to Fur distributing the aggregate etIurns of th jixth ceneu9,
SI t nd,;a"d o, Qwje! iy'4 qb!4Y 4 ly employed tight l !aa4 O0Uuu


For purchasing and preparing indices to the manuscript
papers of the Congress of the Confederation, and to the
Washington Papers, deposited in the Department of State,
one thousand dollars.
NAVY DEPARTMENT.
No. 1. In the Secretary's office :
For blank books, binding, and stationery, six hundred dol-
lars.
For extra clerk hire, four thousand two hundred and fifty
dollars.
For printing, three hundred dollars.
For labor, three hundred and fifty dollars.
For miscellaneous items, four hundred dollars.
For newspapers and periodicals, one hundred dollars.
No. 2 In the Navy Commissioners' office:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, five hundred dol-
lars.
For extra clerk hire, two thousand one hundred and fifty
dollars.
For labor, three hundred dollars.
For miscellaneous items, six hundred and fifty dollars.
No. 3. For the southwest Executive building:
For labor, three hundred and twenty-five dollars.
For fuel and light, one thousand three hundred and fifty
dollars.
For miscellaneous items, one thousand one hundred and
fifty dollars.
No. 4. For the northeast Executive building:
For labor, one thousand two hundred dollars.
For fuel and light, one thousand four hundred dollars.
For miscellaneous items, seven hundred dollars.
WAR DEPARTMENT.
No. 5. In the office of the Secretary of War:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, six hundred dol-
lars.
For newspapers and periodicals, two hundred and fifty dol-
lars.
For labor, three hundred dollars.
For printing, three hundred dollars.
For miscellaneous items, five hundred and fifty dollars.
For books, maps, and plans, one thousand dollars.
For extra clerk hire, three thousand dollars.
No. 6 In the office of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, six hundred
dollars.
For labor, fifty dollars.
For miscellaneous items, eight hundred and fifty dollars.
No. 7. In the office of the Commissioner of Pensions:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, five hundred
dollars.
For printing, four hundred dollars.
For fuel, one hundred and fifty dollars.
For miscellaneous items, four hundred and fifty dollars,
No. 8. In the office of the Commanding General:
For miscellaneous items, three hundred dollars.
No. 9. In the office of the Adjutant General:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, two hundred
dollars.
For miscellaneous items, three hundred dollars.
No. 10. In the office of the Quartermaster General:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, three hundred
dollars.
For labor, one hundred dollars.
For printing, one hundred dollars.
For miscellaneous items, four hundred dollars.
No. 11. In the office of the Commissary General of Pur-
chases:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, one hundred
dollars.
For miscellaneous items, five hundred dollars.
No. 12. In the office of the Commissary General of Sub.
sistence:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, two hundred
dollars.
For extra clerk hire, six hundred dollars.
For printing and advertising, twelve hundred dollars.
For labor, one hundred dollars.
For fuel, one hundred dollars.
For miscellaneous items, five hundred dollars.
No. 13. In the office of the Paymaster General:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, two hundred
dollars.
For fuel, one hundred and twenty five dollars.
For miscellaneous items, four hundred dollars.
No. 14. In the office of the Surgeon General:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, two hundred
dollars.
For printing, fifty dollars.
For fuel, seventy-five dollars.
For miscellaneous items, one hundred and fifty dollars.
No. 15. In the office of the Chief Engineer :
For blank books, binding, and stationery, six hundred
dollars.
For printing, one hundred and five dollars.
For fuel, one hundred and fifty dollars.
For miscellaneous items, fifty dollars.
No. 16. In the office of the Colonel of Ordnance:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, four hundred
dollars.
For printing, seventy five dollars.
For fuel, one hundred and fifty dollars.
For miscellaneous items, one hundred dollars.
No. 17. In the Bureau of Topographical Engineers:
For the support of the light-house on the Delaware break-
water, one thousand five hundred dollars.
For blank books, binding, and stationery, four hundred
dollars.
For labor, one hundred dollars.
For fuel, two hundred and fifty dollars.
For miscellaneous items, five hundred dollars.
No. 18. For the northwest Executive building:
For labor, four hundred dollars.
For fuel and light, two thousand dollars.
For miscellaneous items, one thousand six hundred and
seventy dollars.
TREASURY DEPARTMENT.
No. 19. In the office of the Secretary of the Treasury:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, three thousand
five hundred dollars.
For newspapers and periodicals, one hundred dollars.
For labor, one hundred and fifty dollars.
For extra clerk hire, one thousand five hundred dollars.
For printing, (including the printing of the public ac-
counts,) two thousand five hundred and fifty dollars.
For sealing ship registers, one hundred dollars.
For miscellaneous items, seven hundred dollars.
For translating foreign languages, one hundred and fifty
dollars: Provided, That no part of said sum or sums be paid
to any clerk, or other officer of the Government, beyond his
salary, for taking charge of or transmitting passports or sea
letters.
No. 20. In the office of the First Comptroller:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, one thousand
dollars.
For labor, four hundred and fifty dollars.
For extra clerk hire, two hundred and fifty dollars.
For completing indices to public documents in the First
Comptroller's office, three hundred dollars.
For miscellaneous items, three hundred dollars.
No. 21. In the office of the First Auditor:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, five hundred
dollars.
For labor, two hundred dollars.
For extra clerk hire, two hundred dollars.
For miscellaneous items, one hundred dollars.
No. 22. In the office of the Second Auditor:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, three hundred
dollars.
For labor, two hundred and fifty dollars.
For extra clerk hire, three hundred dollars.
For miscellaneous items, one hundred dollars.
No. 23 In the office of the Fourth Auditor:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, six hundred
dollars.
For labor, fifty dollars.
For extra clerk hire, one hundred dollars.
For printing, forty dollars.
For miscellaneous items, two hundred dollars.
No. 24. In the office of the Fifth Auditor :
For blank books, binding, and stationery, two hundred
and fifty dollars.
For labor, one hundred and twenty-five dollars.
For extra clerk hire, fifty dollars.
For miscellaneous items, one hundred and twenty-five
dollars.
No. 25. In the Treasurer's office:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, five hundred
dollars.
For labor, three hundred and seventy-five dollars.
For printing, seven hundred dollars.
For miscellaneous items, three hundred and fifty dollars.
No. 26. In the Solicitor's office:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, five hundred
dollars.
For labor, one hundred dollars.
For extra clerk hire, four hundred dollars.
No. 27. In the Register's office:
For blank books, binding, and stationery, one thousand


dollars.
For labor, three hundred and fifty dollars.
For printing, five hundred dollars.
For miscellaneous items, (including one thousand dollars
for cases for the preservation of the records,) two thousand
dollars.
No. 28. For. the Gene;ral Land Office :
For blank bobks, binding, and stationer, and parthments,
twelve thousand dollars.
For labor, five hundred dollars.
For printing, four thousand dollars.
RP!o flclCl.&n0 Ie'a on t4QuPq 4!URSi


For office of the Commissioner of the General Land Office, ficer of theGovernment to allow or pay any account or charge
for arrearages, since eighteen hundred and thirty-four, of cost whatever, growing out of, or in any way connected with, any
of printing patents, publishing proclamations, printing circu- commission or inquiry, except courts martialor courts ofinquiry
laris and blank forms for the land offices, twenty-two thousand in the military or naval service of the United States, until spe-
six hundred and twenty-eight dollars and seventeen cents, or cial appropriations shall have been made by law to pay such
so much thereof as may be found necessary, on auditing the accounts and charges: Provided, That this shall not extend
accounts by the appropriate officer, to the contingent fund connected with the foreign intercourse
For compensation of extra clerks and draughtsmen in the of the Government placed at the disposal of the President of
offices of the surveyors general, to transcribe field notes of the United States.
survey, for the purpose of preserving them at the seat of Gov- Sec. 26. And be it further enacted, That the following
eminent, in addition to the unexpended balances of former sums be appropriated from the patent fund, viz.
appropriations, fourteen thousand dollars, namely: A sum not exceeding three hundred dollars for printing a
For office of surveyor general northwest of the Ohio, four digest of patents from January first, eighteen hundred and
thousand fire hundred dollars, i thirty-nine.
For the office of surveyor general of Wisconsin and Iowa, For the purchase of such scientific books as are necessary
one thousand dollars. for the use of the Patent Office, one thousand dollars.
For office of surveyor general of Illinois and Missouri, For the collection of agricultural statistics and for other
four thousand five hundred dollars, agricultural purposes, one thousand dollars.
For office of surveyor general of Arkansas, one thousand JOHN WHITE,
dollars. Speaker of the House of Representatives.
For office of surveyor general of Louisiana, three thou- WILLIE P. MANGUM,
sand dollars President of the Senate pro tempore.
For surveying in the State of Louisiana, to 1be expended Approved, August 26,1842.
at a rate of not exceeding eight dollars a mile, required in JOHN TYLER
part to pay deficiencies in existing appropriations, thirteen J T
thousand dollars.
No. 29. For southeast Executive building: HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
For labor, two thousand two hundred dollars.
For fuel and light, three thousand seven hundred dollars.
Formniseellaneousitems, one thousand ninehundred dollars. DEBATE ON THE REMEDIAL JUSTICE BILL.
No. 30. In the Auditor's office of the Post Office De-
partment: FRIDAY, AUGUST 26, 1842.
For blank books, binding, and stationery, two thousand and The House being in Committee of the Whole on the state
seventy-six dollars and sixty-eight cents. f i t b t
For printing blanks, eight hundred and eleven dollars and ofthe Union, and having under consideration the bill to pro-
fifty cents, vide further remedial justice in the courts of the United
For labor, one thousand one hundred twenty dollars. States-
For continuing fourteen temporary clerks to January first, Mr. BLACK was very desirous of saying a few things in
eighteen hundred and forty-three, employed under the act of relation to this bill, which he considered as one of the most
September ninth, eighteen hundred and forty.one, four thou- important measures of the session, or, indeed, of this or any
sand one hundred and eighty two dollars and nineteen cents, other Congress. After complaining of the limitation of the
For miscellaneous items, six hundred dollars, debate to a single hour, he went into a discussion of the pro-
For blank books and printing, prior to May, eighteen hun- visions of the bill, (standing near Mr. BARNARD, whom he
dred and forty-one, threethousand eight hundred and twenty- addressed, and turning entirely away from the Reporter, who
seven dollars and seventeen cents, consequently lost nearly all of what he said.) He consider-
POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT. ed the bill as looking almost exclusively to Great Britain, and,
No. 31. For blank books, binding, and stationery, one as in fact, a bill for the sole purpose of avoiding a collision
thousand one hundred and ninety dollars, with that Power. It had been prompted entirely by a refer-
For newspapers and periodicals, one hundred dollars. ence to the McLeod case; and while with one hand it guard-
For fuel and oil, including arrearages, three thousand six ed against future war with a foreign Power, with the other it
Fohundred dollars, including arrearages, three thousand six made present war on State rights and State sovereignty. The
hundred dollars.
For miscellaneous items, one thousand two hundred and power to pass such a bill was, to say the least, doubtful; and
thirty-seven dollars. the exercise of doubtful powers, by a limited Government,
For printing, four hundred and fifty-three dollars, ought to be avoided; and if it should ever be attempted to be
For labor, nine hundred and thirty-eight dollars, carried into practical effect, must inevitably lead to difficulty
For one day watchman, three hundred and sixty dollars. with the State Governments. He denounced-it as a bill of
For compensation of temporary clerks, thirty-five hundred pains and penalties, for the exercise of State rights; as de-
dollars. pricing every State in the Union of the privilege of trial by
jury, and setting aside altogether State criminal jurisdiction.
UNITED STATES MINT AND BRANCHES. Having proceeded some time, and there being but some
No. 32. For coinage expenses, including materials and thirty members in their seats, he yielded to a motion, by Mr.
implements, fuel, new machinery and repairs of old, die ARNOLD, that the committee rise, which occasioned a good
making, and wastage of gold and silver, at the Philadelphia deal of dispute, and was finally withdrawn, Mr. B. express-
mint, fifteen thousand two hundred dollars, ing himself quite content to go on, if none but the Chairman
For house expenses, including water-rent and taxes, re- of the Judiciary Committee, who had introduced the bill,
pairs, lighting, cleaning, and watching at the same, four (Mr. BARNARD,) would remain to listen to his argument.
thousand dollars. Mr. B. then proceeded in stating and arguing his objec-
For office expenses, including stationery and postage, six tions to the bill, and the more animated he became, the less
hundred dollars. able was the Reporter to hear what he said, as he turned
No. 33. For coinage expenses, including materials and im- more and more away. He was at one time understood as
plements, fuel, repairs, and wastage of gold, at the Charlotte putting the case of a British emissary coming to Savannah and
branch mint, one thousand two hundred dollars, tampering with the colored population there. This bill would
For house expenses, including repairs, lighting, and clean- take the case out of the hands of the State authorities, and
ing at the same, two hundred dollars, bring it into the courts of the United States to be tried under
For office expenses, including stationery and postage at the the law of nations.
same, one hundred dollars. Mr. STANLY here made somo explanations, going, as
No. 34. For coinage expenses, including materials and im- the Reporter understood, to show that the bill would not apply
plements, fuel, repairs, and wastage of gold, at Dahlonega to cases of that description.
branch mint, six hundred dollars. Mr. C. J. INGERSOLL wished to avail himself of the
For house expenses, including repairs, lighting, and clean- present opportunity to offer a few remarks in opposition to
ing at the same, two hundred dollars. the bill, although, as the dominant party agreed with the Ex-
For office expenses, including stationery and postageat the ecutive to carry it, he presumed it was to become a law, and
same, one hundred dollars, that nothing he could say would have any influence to pre-
No. 35. For coinage expenses, including materials and vent it; but he desired to speak to the country. It was a bill
implements, fuel, repairs, and wastage of gold and silver, at of vital importance to the rights of the States; it had been
the New Orleans branch mint, eleven thousand and fifty-two but little discussed in the House, and was not understood-
dollars, although, in the Senate, the constitutional question involved
For house expenses, including water-rent, and taxes, re- had been amply and ably discussed on both sides. He desir-
pairs, lighting, cleaning, and watching, three thousand five ed to induce gentlemen to pause before they voted for a mea-
hundred and ninety-eight dollars, sure of this character; but if he could not prevail here, he
For office expenses, including stationery and postage, three should, at least, be able to go before the country on jus!
hundred and fifty dollars, grounds.
No.36. ForannualrepairsoeftheCapitol,attendingfurnaces Mr. I. after referring to the zeal manifested by the Whig
and waterclosets,lampl ghting, oil,laborersonCapitol grounds, party in support of the Judiciary of the country, represented
tools, keeping iron pipes and wooden fences in irder, attend- this bill as virtually an appeal from the decision of the su-
ing at the western gates, gardener's salary, and top-dressing preme judicial tribunal of the State of New York, in the
for plants, seven thousand four hundred and fifty-eight dol- cas3 of McLeod. Mr. 1. had, from the beginning, insisted
lars and fifty cents: Provided, That the salary of the public that the Secretary of State, though one of the first advocates
gardener shall not exceed the sum of one thousand two hun- in the Union, had fallen into very great mistakes in that case,
dried dollars, both as to the law of nations and the law of the land. This
For annual repairs of the President's house, gardener's bill would operate as a reversal, by Federal authority, of the
salary, horse and cart, laborers, tools, and top-dressing for deliberate ant' well-considered judgment of the supreme ju-
plants, two thousand five hundred and fifty dollars, dicial tribunal of a great and independent Commonwealth,
For repairs of fence on Pennsylvania avenue fronting the on a matter concerning which the opinions of the people or
War and State Departments, and fence of President's gar- the United States were much divided. Mr. I. did not like
den, two hundred dollars, it; it was legislating on subjects already settled.
For taking down and removing the two furnaces beneath At the time the subject had been first referred to the Judi-
the Hall of the House of Representativws, and building three ciary Committee there was no idea in the mind of any body
new ones on the floor below the crypt, excavating a coal that the British Government would resolve on such a mis-
vault, constructing additional flues for hot and cold air for sion as that of Lord Ashburton: it was entirely uncertain
the better ventilation of the Hall and passages, nine thou- what would be the issue of the case; but now the state ot
sand six hundred and thirty-four dollaIs. things was entirely changed, and all necessity or pretext for
For purchase of ground north of the General Post Office, a bill like this had been entirely removed. The anxiety
between seventh and eighth streets, or so much thereof as the which had at that time agitated all minds had now passed
Postmaster General may deem expedient, twenty-five thou- away-an embassy had been resorted to, and the British en
sand dollars. voy had succeeded in getting quite enough in the treaty with-
For rebuilding the bridge across Pennsylvania avenue at out adding a concession like this. Mr. I. had at first said
Second street, and extending the same over the present stone that he would earn an earldom if he succeeded in his mission,
abutments on said Second street, and reimbursing the corpo- but now Mr. I. saw in a newspaper which published the
ration of Washington the sum of seven hundred and fifty treaty that a marquisate was talked of, but he thought the
dollars, expended in erecting the present wooden structure, dukedom of Maine would not be inappropriate. Mr. I.
twelve thousand dollars, thought we had yielded quite enough for peace; it was time
For altering the two passages and doorways of the roof, we should stop. To yield more than was asked in a contro-
new steps, new doors, covering the wood with copper, remov. versy with a great and powerful and proud nation like Eng-
ing the circular horizontal sash over the Hall of the House land was not the way to secure pacific relations with them
of Representatives, and substituting a permanent roof cover- They were too proud to give their respect and good will to
ed with copper, and repairing the copper work of the roof, six any nation that did not take a firm and manly stand in the
hundred dollars. assertion and maintenance of its rights. After agreeing to a
For alterations and repairs, and fixtures of the north wing treaty which contained in it all that could be asked, and far
of the Capitol, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-three more than Mr. I. would ever have consented to yield, he
dollars and forty-five cents, thought we ought to stop. But what was this billI None
For new floor in the basement story of the President's could wink so hard as net to see it; it was not an arrange-
house, for wooden partition and glass door, and for new caps meant with foreign nations ; it looked to one nation and one
to the chimneys, five hundred and fifty dollars, alone; it was an arrangement meant for one great and pow-
For completing the Post Office building, and fixtures and erful nation whose territory was contiguous to our own for
furniture for the same, twenty-seven thousand and ninety-one an extent of mote than fifteen hundred miles. Did any man
dollars and seventy.one cents, believe that if Texas or Mexico had been knocking at
For repairing the stone work which secures the iron pipes our door asking for such a bill as this we should have thought
where they cross the Tiber, one hundred and fifty dollars, of enacting it? It was neither more nor less than a bill to
For repairing the flag footways at the Capitol and Presi- prevent collision with Great Britain. That was all proper
dent's house, and for repairing lamp posts and lamps at the enough: such collision was to be prevented, if it could be
Capitol, two hundred dollars, done by proper means. This was a measure in which Maine
For expenses attending the negotiation of a treaty with the and Massachusetts, and New York and Vermont, and Ohio
Wyandot Indians of Ohio, in addition to former appropria- and Michigan, and Indiana and Illinois all had a special in-
tions, one thousand dollars, terest; and the treaty was so drawn as to give them all a
For compensation to a clerk in the office of Superintendent little annexation or some other advantage; one an island,
of Indian Affairs at St. Louis, authorized by a previous sec- another a fort, a third a sheep-walk, a fourth a fishery, and so
tion of this act, twelve hundred dollars: Provided, That any on; which was a capital way when treaty was to be ratified
sum heretofore appropriated for two clerks, now dispensed by State Representatives in a Senate. All this only showed
with, be not used or applied, the skill in diplomacy of that "fine old English gentleman,"
For compensation to two commissioners to examine claims the British envoy, who said he had no skill in diplomacy but
under the treaty with the Cherokees of eighteen hundred and came merely to drive a bargain with Yankees; and it show-
thirty-five, and pay of a secretary, and provisions for Indians ed the obliging temper of our very conciliatory Secretary of
during the session of the board, and for contingent expenses, State. The present bill was but another clause of the British
thirteen thousand five hundred dollars; and for arrearages of treaty, in order to prevent future controversy with Great Bri-
the late board of commissioners under same treaty, one thou- tain. Did any gentleman suppose that if Mexico had -sent a
sand five hundred and fifty-eight dollars, similar embassy, General Santa Anna himself or any body
For compensation to two clerks, authorized to be continued else here, though he had remained for months among us,
by the Secretary of the War in the office of the Commis- cooking up the best diplomacy, (and this treaty, he admitted,
sioner of Indian Affairs, by joint resolution, approved May was a welt cooked instrument,) though he might have given
twenty, eighteen hundred and forty-two, in addition to former ever so many geod dinners s *
appropriations, fifteen hundred dollars. [Here the quarter of an hour allotted to Mr. I., being the
JUDICIARY, remainder of Mr. BLACK's hour, expiring, the Chairman's
No. 37. For the contingent expenses of the Attorney Gen- hammer fell, and Mr. I. resumed his seat. But theCommittee
eral's office, five hundred dollars, having rose and reported the bill to the House, pending the
Sec. 23. And be it further enacted, That in case the sum question on its passage, Mr. I. obtained the floor and moved
appropriated for any object should be found more than suffi- that it be recommitted with certain instructions, and upon
cient to meet the expense thereby contemplated, the surplus that motion resumed his remarks as follows:]
may be applied, under the direction of the head of the proper Disguise it as you might, (said Mr. INoERSOLL,) the bill
department, to supply the deficiency of any other item in the was neither more nor less than another clause of the treaty
same department or office: Provided, That the expenditure between Great Britain and the United States. He repeated
for newspapers and periodicals shall not exceed the amount the sentiment that the Government and people of Great
specifically appropriated to that object by this act. Britain would think none the better, but rather the worse of
Sec. 24. And be it further enacted, That the following us, for not boldly asserting our rights. It was bad policy to
sums be, and hereby are, appropriated to the objects herein- be too yielding when dealing with such a people as the Bri-
after mentioned, viz. tish, and the inevitable tendency of such a course was to mis.
For pay and mileage of the members of Congress and del- understanding and hostility. This was an occasion in which
agates from the Territories, in addition to the sum already a principle should be reasserted which seemed to have been


appropriated to that object during the present session, one almost forgotten-a principle which had once been put tortn
hundred and twenty-two thousand six hundred and thirty as our policy toward foreign nations. In Europe, in Asia, in
dollars. Africa, Great Britain is Great Britain, the leading Power;
For stationery, printing, and all other incidental and con- but she should be taught to know that, on this side the At-
tingent expenses of the Senate, in addition to the sum already lantic, the United States are the first Power; and that we
appropriated to that object during the present session, seven will not change our Constitution, nor yield up our lands, nor
thousand and fifty-eight dollars., sacrifice our independent policy for British colonial aggran-
For stationery, printing, and all other incidental and con- dizement. To be forced to capitulate this position is not the
tingent expenses of the House of Representatives, in' addi- way to gain the respect of Britain, or to place our relations
tion no the sum already appropriated to that object during the with her on a permanent and pacific footing. Mr. I. was as
present session, twenty five thousand dollars, anxious to avoid hostilities with that Power as any man, as
Sec, 25 And be it further enacted, That it bshall not,iatay any old woman, in the land ; but to surrender our just rights
thu. beielfori b! !tu1 to; wy accont1;ing 01_di.bursng og is not 14! way to poqc! or t e "aR 9f pleasa"ltaW!,


IThe British would not respect us without manliness. At
first there might be umbrage, but English good sense would
say, Thoee Yankees are right; on their own continent they
have the right to rule; they are a considerable People, and
entitled to respect." John Bull would never take umbrage at
others showing sacme of his own sturdy temper, and claiming
in our own hemisphere to be a primary Power. This was a
bill to prevent collision with England, but howl: He would
ask any gentleman on either side of the House to answer the
question; for, in this matter, there was nothing of party; this
was a national question; a question which concerned the
whole American People. For himself, he believed that in all
our dealings with such a Power, our truest maxim of policy
was, "be just and fear not." He was for saying to her, and
to all other European nations, as President Monroe said In
1822, that the United States would look with displeasure on
all attempts by them to interfere with tie affairs of thiit cdti-
nent. How should we have treated Texas or Mexico if either
of them had demanded the adoption of a measure such as this
True, they were both embraced in the provisions of the bill,
which in their form were general, applying alike to all con-
tiguous nations, and extending, possibly, by meens of Cuba,
to Spain also; but while such was the form of the bill, itwas,
in truth, a measure of concession to a Power who would not
thank us for it.
Mr. I. said this not as a State-rights man, but as an Ameri-
can speaking to Americans; not as the advocate of war, but
as a sincere friend ofpeace-. He would avoid war by takingk
the road wbfieh led to peace. Thistreaty, which had received
its ratification in another assembly, contained provisions cal-
culated to embroil the United States and Great Britain in
continual conflict, which must receive their ultimate ratifica-
tion in this House; and then we should see something more
about the matter. We shall see what we shall see. He in-
sisted that these eternal capitulations to a mother country are a
mistaken policy. None was more anxious than he to secure
the good will of Englishmen, but he respected them too much
to yield all they chose to ask.
He would not repeat the arguments exhausted in the
Senate, but would call attention to what hbad not yet been
adverted to. The Constitution secures to foreigners optional
jurisdiction of either the State courts or the Federal courts
in which to prosecute claims-a provision which was itself a
concession to Great Britain, intended, at the time, to enable
her the better to secure her contested debts, then a subject of
great anxiety and dispute between the two countries. But
now circumstances were changed. This bill superadds crim-
inal to civil jurisdiction. It would not, he repeated itii be a
pacific policy; hut, on the contrary, one whose tendency
was to contumely, recrimination, discontent, and war.,
He would say nothing of the constitutional question. It hbad
been amply discussed elsewhere. Mr. I. had carefully read the
arguments advanced on both sides. He wished to submit a
mere question of policy. The House were about to sacri-
fice the criminal jurisdiction-the penal jurisdiction of every
State in the Union to foreign sway. This national Union,
now in its sixtieth year, was going to do this. It had often.
been involved in such controversies before, without difficulty
in overcoming them. To relieve the Secretary of State from
the consequences of his blunder, this bill was to yield the
entire criminal jurisdiction of the States whenever a foreign
Power should choose to demand, at any distance of time,
expostfactum. And why 1 Because, after the Secretary
of State had taken his mistaken ground, the Judiciary of
the State of New York presumed to express an opposite
opinion, and it became necessary to extricate the Secretary
trom a series of blunders which he had committed in his
maiden effort as Secretary of State. For this reason, we
are to surrender the penal jurisdiction of all the States of this
Confederacy whenever any vagabond foreigner, white, black,
or red, chooses, for any national political reason, worse than
party politics, to enlist his Minister to make a demand for the
culprit. Any Government might, years after the offence,
take advantage of the pretext, and insist that the law of na-
tions was involved; and thus American jurisdiction must at
once be paralyzed in all the States, the trial by jury put an
end to, and every thing submitted to the judgment of.Federal
judges. Any circuit judge-yes, any district judge, could at
pleasure dispense with a trial by jury, and virtually repeal a
State law, by declaring that an (fence against it, il fcommit-
ted under the order of any foreign Government, became at
once an affair of State to be tried by the law of nations. And
,vhat was the law of nations 1 It had been the study of a
large portion of Mr. I.'s life to learn what that law was,
and he would like the honorable chairmen of the Judiciary
Committees of both Houses, both together if they can, pre-
sent, to undertake to tell him. It comprehended coanen-
tional law the common law, the law of comity, all, in a
word, that looked like law; and under this wild cr.de with no
sanction, any judge, by writ of habeas corpus, might con-
ter on a foreigner immunities enjoyed by none of our own citi-
zens. In the case of our own citizen, there was but one
appeal. If tried in the district court, his, appeal lay ;o the
circuit court, and there the matter ended. But a foreigner
might first take his case to the circuit court, and then, by
mother appeal, bring it into the Supreme Court. Any Eng-
lishman, Irishman, Dutchman, Spaniard, Portuguese, or
Russian, if he could only get the Minister of his own
country to represent his case as a national affair, (and who
could not do this, seeing it was the duty of a foreign Minis-
ter to guard the rights and take the part of his own coun-
trymen ?) might at pleasure set aside the penal jurisdiction
of a State on whose laws he had openly trampled.
This Mr. I. insisted was not a dignified way of sustaining
our national rights. We are a nation of seventeen millions,
wringing our hands because we cannot get a loan of twelve
millions of dollars, anit going to make a concession like this
to a nation of twenty-five millions, whose income is two hun-
dred and fifty millions a year, raised without a pang. Mr. 1.
was in Congress during the last war with that country, and
well remembered when all the powers of this General Gov-
ernment were completely exhausted, and the States of New
York, Virginia, and Pennsylvania had to take the cause of
the country on their own shoulders. New York raised an
army by conscription; so did Virginia, and Pennsylvania
had not been behind her sisters. She advanced all the direct
taxes to the Union. In that hour of trial, with'the Hartford
Convention on one flank and British invasion of New Or-
leans on the other, what would have become of the country
but for the States, State resources, and State laws'? All wete
to be struck down. What was it that had stopped the career
of the great conqueror of modern Europe, when he had
marched from capital to capital, and had subjugated, one after
another, all the armies that could be raised to oppose him?' It
was State authority, State efforts, and State feelings. When
in the provincial ardor and power of Spain he had withdrawn
his forces from that peninsula, and rolled the whole mass of
his military power upon the ancient empire of the Czars, af-
ter the great battle of Smolensko, when the road lay open to
Moscow, the Emperor retired to Petersburg, and all hi pe of
resistance seemed vain, what was it that rescued the empire
and turned the greatest soldier of modern times into an in-
glorious fugitive It was cool patriotism, it was the sponta-
neous effort of the people and nobles of the provinces. This
and this alone had saved their country. Though no State
rights man, he would not lay the axe to the root, or so much
as a penknife upon any of the branches, of that great abori-
ginal trunk, which was the shelter and sanctuary of Ameri-
can existence.
Congress are now called upon to add, by legislation, a new
section to the British treaty. Mr. I. knew tia; the influences
ot that splendid hall were extremely changeable, but un-
less he changed his own mind before cool weather, if the
Executive would make treaties for ratification by the House
of Representatives, he hoped to find its au- n t independent
and its nationality sustained. According to the treaty of which
we have thus taken glimpses, without full rev.lt:t;>n, squad
rons were to be equipped and maintained-eighty guns, with
eight hundred men, to cost a million of dollars -ve-y year,
appropriated by that House, which was the purse-bearer-to
second the slave hunting of England. American 'qmasrons
under the superintendence of English; and to what end?
That she might the better resist another nation, which had
made a noble stand for us, and with us, against the mon-
strous claim of search-France, now basely deserted by us.
But more than that-a great deal more. Mr. I had seen
a copy of the treaty, and though he should not impute to the
Secretary of State any prescience of such results, yet he be-
lieved that a much longer head than his foresaw in it the
germ of British ascendency in America, and that after Great
Britain, by this arrangement of a Northern nation, Canada,
New England, and New Brunswick, isto turn ui .-r, us and
say-New York and Pennsylvania to be it,- Fisndrs-
" You slave-breeders, you tobacco chewers, you ft:ends of
Texas, go to the d-I yourselves." [A laugh.] The germ
of all this was there, as any one might in that treatysre. He
thought the copy he had seen of the treaty wasean English copy.
According to the correspondence, it appeared that we were
begging for the relinquishment of the right if tinpr~eement.
Instead of saying, as Americans, with a spark ut manly spi-
rit would have said, Venture upon that if you dare-touch
at your peril," we were to have it yielded as a boon, forsooth,
which should betaken at the cannon's mou'h; a,d were to
go negro hunting besides, in couples with English fainsic$,
on the sickly coasts of Africa. No apology or i',d. mity
for the Caroline, but an offensive intimation of 'he argu-
ment that it was an unfortunate accident, caused by our not


being able to repress our own people; nothing like re,.tiiu-
tion or even explanation for the Creole, but the que,,i ad-
journed-adjourned forever; not one word abput Oregon;
and half the State of Maine given away, with all the high
lauds and military positions al Who cannot make tresti on
the terms ef giving up every thing As wa' once sail in
another country, a treaty that all may be glad of, but none
can be proud of. '
Mr. L said be had seized the earliest opportunity in His
power to put ia hid protest against the concessions of that
treaty and of this bill; and though he might not have siified
the House that the bill ought not to pass, he had touched a
chord which, unless he greatly miscalculated, would vitrate
from oneo extremity of the Union I Qthe1 tlei tad would bq


No. 9214


r -wl^ l ^II^n ifh ^I^

'AllU iT W




^ -^ .^ ^

found in Afect harmony with the feelings of eve Aiqeri-. The btllep,e e the United States would be opened upon her Lei
can freeman. He had been misrepresented on a former oJ .hips aid f-Er cli.e, and actual war would from that time ex- latti
casion as the advocate of war; he repelled the accusation, ist. Would she, for the poor contemptible boon of obtaining lint
He had made these remarks with no view of promoting a a few sailors for her ships of war, arrange the United States by
quarrel or leading to hostilities, but in order to resist and ex- on the side ot her enemies 1 In company with France, for I
pose what appeared tohimt tobealtogetherafalse and mistaken example, against herself l Were it in the power of his voice ha'
policy-the highroad to ignominious heartburning and strife, to reach the Queen of England on her throne, and to fill the hat
The bill involved a constitutional question of great diffi- whole vast expanse of the imperial dominions of Britain, he we
eulty, and he was not at all sure that the Supreme Court of would proclaim it to be fixed as the Alleghanies, firm as the to i
the United States would not pronounce the act a nullity-as strong ribs of this continent, that the moment England at- silu
one which Congress had no power to enact. At all events, tempted the outrage of impressment, that moment war be- tioi
heshould oppose it as a most unworthy abandonment of our tween us and her should ipso fact be held as declared, and Sat
clear rights, degraded to the extreme verge and beyond all her presumption should be met by an appeal to the supreme dic
reason and propriety, arbitrament of the god of battles to vindicate the right, as in he
Mr. CUSHING rose in reply, and in commencing his re- the old days of Bunker Hill and of Yorktown. as
marks, obsrved that the present condition of the United What next did the gentleman from Pennsylvania complain Ui
States was a very peculiar one. With a population of seven- ofI That the United States had agreed to bear the expense wa
teen millions, rapidly increasing; with the most industrious of maintaining the military police of the seas, so far as her thi
and enterprising People on the face of the globe; with tern- own marine was concerned. And who should bear that ex tru
trial resources surpesing all rivalry or comparison;-, with a pense but ourselves? Who should execute our own laws in
soil the most various and productive, (productive the present upon the Atlantic but ourselves? Who executed them at ern
year beyond precedent,) the country, nevertheless, presented this hour but the United States I As to the right of search, in'
one general spectacle of universal embarrassment and distress., what did the treaty stipulate 1 How did its provisions bear no
All the gentlemen who engaged in debate in that Hall were on that question 7 The British Government had undertaken mt
in the habit of referring to it as an admitted and undeniable to incorporate her own municipal law on certain subjects into th
fact. But what was the distress I Not that of starving mil. the law of nations-as impressment, negro emancipation, and mi
lions, as in Great Britain-men groaning under the exactions search. Against this the United States Government had sel
of a lauded aristocracy, who held the whole country and solemnly protested; and Great Britain had since expressly
drained its population to augment their own already over- disavowed the ground she, through Lord Palmerston, had ali
grown opulence and luxury-no, it was only distress created formerly taken, as to search, and had declared that she would be
by the fact that the country had been passing through a crisis, not repeat the assertion of her claim: insomuch, that should qo
*in coming down from an expanded, bloated paper circulation she find upon the high seas an American ship filled with w
to a sound and healthy pecuniary condition. It was tbe mea- slaves, she would not touch or interfere with her from the C
sure of value which had been disturbed : the flood-tide had moment it appeared she was an American. True, Lord Ab- tc
spent itself in a false and specious prosperity, and the country erdeen had averred that, although the right of search was F
had now reached the #b: we were now at the turn of the given up, the right of visit remained. But, in truth,-, there ra
tide again, and its rise in another flow of accustomed success, was no such thing as the right of visit, as distinct from the
And what was needed in order that we might again en. right of search. The right of visit and the right of search w
joy a solid and permanent prosperity I That, instead of the were but one and the same. If a British officer bad the right Io
present general paralysis of all business concerns, our haunts to visit an American vessel, he must also have the right to of
of trade might once more be filled with busy and smiling ask whether she was an American, or was sailing under false al
faces What was needed was this: first, that the policy of colors; and if she failed to give a satisfactory answer, then tr
the Federal Government should be fixed, and that not only to seaFh her, in order to ascertain the facts. There was no q'
as to taxation but the currency. Mr. C. expressed his hope practical difference between a right to visit and a right to i
that the tariff bill might become a law, and put an end to all search, and in the language of diplomacy there was but one ce
doubt on the subject of taxation, so that business men might word for the thing in all its forms. The Convention stipu- tt
know what to calculate upon. It would then remain that a lated that each of the two nations should maintain its own h
like certainty should be attained on the subleict of the ourren- police, for one common object in which both were interested, ti
cy. The House knew he (Mr. C.) was for the plan of Ex- and which had been expressly engaged for by the treaty of a
chequer. But what that certainty should be was compara- Ghient, each nation by its own separate means. o
lively a matter of secondary importance, provided only that it The honor of the United States was effectually guarded; a
was something stable and universally known and understood, the right of visit and of search was abandoned, relinquished, a
Then all men would see to what they must conform their gone; it was never again to be whispered. There was no I
transactions, and on what to build their calculations for the Quintuple Treaty for us; no act of Parliament for search of n
future. Secondly, when these two great desiderata should the vessels of the United States. No visit was to be made by ti
have been reached, then but one thiag more would be requi- a British cruiser to any American vessel, save such as might a
site to lay a basis for the highest degree of national prosperity; be made by a man of honor to the dwelling house of his friend, v
and that was that our foreign relations should beha placed on a Gentlemen did not agree by treaty and bond that one might e
settled and stable footing consistent with the national honor visit the other. It was a permission of courtesy. The gentle. e
Above all, that our relations with Great Britain, the Power man from Pennsylvania might enter his (Mr. C.'s) bohse a n
with whom we should naturally have the most to do, should a gentleman and a friend; and he did so under the responsi- S
be arranged to the mutual satisfaction and benefit of both abilities which bound a man ef honor and a gentleman in the t
countries. For it had truly been said by a former member particular circumstances ; but if, after he was admitted as a I
from Massachusetts, a man of the highest sagacity and corn friend, he should commit an act of insult or injury, he might w
mercial knowledge, (Mr. B. GORHAM,) that the barometer oa be thrust forth by force, and he wae pronounced by law to t
our pecuniary affairs hung in the Royal Exchange in Lon have been a trespasser ob initio, Just so stood the British
don. Between that country and this there were bonds ol right of visit on board American vessels. The commander
sympathy such as existed and could exist with none other; a of a British cruiser might speak any American ship as a
common origin; a common language; a common religion; friend; but if, after thus visiting her, he should depart from
the same books; the same mind; the same mental culture; the character and deportment of a friend, and proceed to
a community of literature; every thing, in short, which could search her papers, overhaul her cargo, or exercise any author t
prepare two great nations for the strictest friendship and for ity over her motions, or contents, or crew, Mr. C. trusted and
a state of unchangeable tranquillity and concord, hoped that the American commander would] shoot him through t
The present was an exciting moment. Whathad happen- the head, or kick him into the sea as he would a dead dog
ed to make it so I and under what circumstances was it that [Laughter and cries of Good '1" biravo," go it CtisHiNa."J
the gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. INGERSOLL) had Mr. C. said that the French press in the United States
thrown out remarks of the character the House had now sympathized with the French press in Paris, which was well
witnessed I There bad just been happily concluded a treaty known to be deadly hostile to the concession of the right of
by the two nations, which, with its adjuncts, settled and search to Great Britain. Now, he would refer the gentleman
quieted nearly all pending subjects of contention between from Pennsylvania to the language held by the Courrier des
them-a treaty which had not only been negotiated in th, Etats Unis, a paper of eminent ability as well as public spi
requisite forms of the Constitution, but which, if rumor was mit. When commenting on the provisions of this treaty, that
to be relied on, had received the sanction of the Senate, and paper admitted that the honor of the United States on the
that with unparalleled unanimity, considering the magnitude auliject of the right of search had been effectually preserved
and delicate nature of some of the questions involved, and Here Mr. C. read the passage from the Courrier, in Eng-
the immense scope of the whole arrangement. What were lisb, as follows:
the provisions of this treaty ? Was this bill, as the gentle- They [the United States] have equally triumphed over the
man had more than once asserted, a part of them ? The British exigencies in the questions of the right of search. The
gentleman from Pennsylvania had assumed variety of things police of the coast of Africa will be conducted hereafter by the I
in relation to the contents of the treaty and the correspond- vessels of the two nations, each for its own account. The two
ence accompanying it, and so Mr. C. presumed he might bt marines shall not have one over the other any rights but those
permitted to do the same resulting from agreements special and revocable at any instant.
peMr. INGERSOLL here interposed, and asked. Without doubt it may happen that such orsuch an American Min-
Mr. INt ERSeouLL here interposed and asked if Mr. C.later shall be more complaisant than some others are towards the
would tell the House all he knew on the subject. English marine, and that hie may concede to it these faculty of vis-
Mr. CUSHING said be did not profess to have particular iting American vessels on certain occasions and in certain regions;
knowledge of the matter referred to. He spoke respecting but this would be a permission, not a right. The fact may occur,
the contents of the treaty on the same premises of knowledge but the principle will not be compromised thereby: the exception
with that of the gentleman from Pennsylvania. confirms the rule. That which is written and impliedly stipulated
S Mr. INGERSOLL. Ne mort? [A laugh.] is, that England cannot visit the vessels of the Americans; thai 2
Mr. CUSHING said that, whether with more or less she cannot even stoptheirslave-trading vessels without an author
knowledge of the facts, he had the same right to give his tative ad hoc. There will be two marines, which will carry on
views as to the matters in the instrument with the gentleman the police of the seas; but there will not be any one which can
from Pennsylvania. The world believed that the first among do it for the others or on the others. This was the only course
the vario point eted by this treaty was that relating t which could be taken, The United States will expend a little
the various points settled by this treaty was that relating It more money, hut they have preserved their honor."
the Northern boundary of the United States-a boundary Mr. INGERSOLL. Wha t abouteser the reole '"
stretching, in its whole extent, from the Atlantic ocean to Mr NERSOLL.W t he Ceo
the Lake of the Woods, a distance of some two thousand Mr. CUSHING. The gentleman asked what about the
miles. Did the gentleman from Pennsylvania complain of Creole '
the mode in which that question had been settled Mr. INGERSOLL. Has not the question on the Creole
Mr. INGERSOLL. I do. case been adjourned to be adjusted in London'I And if it
Mr. CUSHING. The gentleman does. Does he know has, why has it? ,
what the arrangement is I Mr. CUSHING. We are discussing now the provisions
Mr. INGERSOLL. I do. of the treaty. The gentleman has gone into collateral quesp
Mr. CUSHING. He says he does. We proceed to tons, respecting which we have no documents before us, ot
gether then. I present the decisive fact, that it is an ar- any other data on which to form a judgment: and while the
rangement made with the express knowledge and con- House and the country were without information, if the gen-
sent of the States more immediately interested. Had these tleman from Pennsylvania attempted to prejudice one side ol
States laid any complaints before Congress of the terms the question, Mr. C. might the other. Sufficient for this case
of the arrangement While both Maine and Masse. were its merits as before the House. The treaty of Washing.
chusetts were parties in making the treaty, and the Senate ton settled an immense number of questions: and so far as
representing all the States, had by a large majority confirmed they were adjusted it was in a manner entirely consistent with
it, where were the States which complained of the boundary the honor of the United States. The gentleman complained
line agreed upon? From what State did the objection come I that there were sume questions which were not adjusted by
FromPennsylvania, a State which had no direct or peculiar it. Wells and what if there were Was it an objection against
interest in the question beyond that of any other State of the the manner tn which nine out of ten difficult subjects had
Confederacy. hose States which were immediately and been arranged, that the tenth question was not adjusted ?
-orueay. Those States which were immediately and ...
deeply interested made no complaint; not a word was beard Re invited the gentleman from Pennsylvania to adjourn his
from Maine, from Massachusetts, from New Yolk, from Ver. objections on this point until the documents on the subject
mount, from Ohio, from Michigan-all of them States directly were officially male public, and not proceed on mere conjec-
interested in the arrangements concluded for the northern ture: he could not argue the question intelligently Without a
frontier; but the objection came from Pennsylvania, a State knowledge of the facts in the case. When the light came it
not touched by the new line of the treaty. The gentleman would appear that the acts of the President and his Secretary
said that nothing had been given in the treaty to Pennsylva- of State were such as to present a mass of patriotism, dignity,
nia; and was that the real ground of complaint But it was and manly independence that would command the admira-
the question of the Union alone, as one and entire, that our tion of Posterity and a vigorous assertion of the rights of
Government stood upon in this transaction, and not any par- American citizens, which would entitle the present Adminis-
ticular State, how deeply soever she might be interested in the tration to appeal to a coming age against false and rash
result. And had the United States, as such, any thing to judgments now pronounced, and such as would ensure to it
complain oft If so, what was it 1 Let gentlemen put their on the sage of history ant immortality of fame.
finger upon it. The presumption fairly was that there was NGERSOLL. Is that an answer to my question
none; that if there were any concessions, those concessions Mr. CUSHING. No. The gentleman would have his
were mutual, and we had equivalents for every thing we con- .nw presently. Mr. C. went on to say that he had hoped
ceded.; for the Senate, that body charged by the Constitution hat the House would be content with the official action of
with the duty of revising treaties entered in-to by the Execu- the Senate in ratifying the terms of this convention, without
tive, had by a great majority confirmed the treaty. The gen- an effort to prejudice the public mind before it could be in
tluman from Pennsylvania had not touched the question. possession of the true facts of the case; and that a case so
There must, then, be some other ground of complaint; and deeply involving the peace and repose of the Union would
what was it? The gentleman had specified some of the not thus prematurely be dragged into the arena of politics
grounds on which he relied; and what were they? One was, hen the correspondence appeared, he was confident it
that the Secretary of State, instead of agreeing that the right would e seen that the Creole question was not adjourned,
of impressment should be relinquished by Great Britain, ought but was settled, like impressment and the other questions not
to -have said,m Touch one of our men at your peril! We embraced in the treaty, honorably for the United States.
have gone to war once on that question, and we are more Mr. INGERSOLL here inquired how the treaty wa to
ready for you now, and we are ready to go at it again on the be understood in relation to remonstrating with foreign Pow-
same ground." But what had the Secretary actually said ? era against the slave trade?
Nothing : there was not a word on the subject to be found in Mr. CUSHING said the gentleman was quite as compe-
the treaty. To what, then, did the gentleman refer? tent to judge of the construction of the terms of the treaty on
Mr. INGERSOLL explained, and was understood by the that point as he was.
Reporter to state that his reference was to a correspondence Mr C. then proc'ede. to the bill. The gentleman from
of Mr. Webster with Lord Ashburto., by which it appeared Pennsylvania said that the bill before the House involved a
that, on the 9th of August, on the very day that the treaty great constitutional question, and was virtually a concesrton
went before the Senate for confirmation, a letter was written to the exgency of circumstances, and implied that there uas
by the Secretary of State, and to this it was that he had al- a peculiar reference in its concession te the nation of Great
loaded. To him it appeared much like a tub to the whale. Britain. Now the bill did not lotk more to one nalion than to
Mr. CUSHING resumed. The gentlemen had no right another, but applied alike to all nations whose territory lay
to charge any such thing on the Secretary; neither was the tiguous to that of the United States. Mr. would
gentleman justified in condemning the treaty for a thing it hrlo the gentleman to hook at the main provision of the bill.
was admitted was not in it. Mr. C. would assume this, how- Mr. C. here quoted the bill as follows:
ever: he would suppose that collateral questions had been "ThateitheroftheJustioesofthe Supreme Comurtof the United
zaiami by the President and the Secretary-with Lord Ashbur- States, or a Judge of any District Court of the iinited States, in
ton which were not introduced into the treaty at all, but were "whih a prisoner is confined, in addition to the authority already
disposed of by the correspondence, and among these the ques- conferred by law, shall have power to grant writs of habeas cor-
tion ofimpressment. On that subject there was no provision pus in li casee of y Prisone o prisoners in jail or confinement,
of treaty. Instead of entering into negotiation on a ouestamn .. ..ier he, .he, or they, bein subjects or citizens of a foreign


-- .... 4 ././ ---" 1F- ...State, and domiciled therein, shaft be committed -or -conined, or
like that, snuppoe Lord As burton ad daid that he had noin custody, under or by any authority or law, or process founded
power to treat on that point; and suppose the Secretary of thereon, of the United States, or of any on of them, for oer oun ac-
State had replie h a ta d once gone to war on that ques count of any act done or omitted under any alleged right, title,
lion, and wished him to understand that the United States authority, privilege, protection, or exemption, set up or claimed
would never again tolerate a single act of impressment. So under the commission, or order, or sanction of any foreign State
that England is now formally warned that if, at any future or Sovereignty, the validity and effect whereof depend upon the
time, England should advance the right of impressment, and law of nations, or under color thereof."
act upon it, the very instant a British officer should set his Was not this in the very spirit of the Constitution, which
foot on the deck of an American vessel for the purpose of im- provides not only that thejudicial power of the United States
pressing a man from on board of her, we should consider the shall extend to all cases arising under the Constitution, the
fact itself equivalent to a declaration of war. He would sup- lawsof the United States, and treaties made or which shall
pose that; and he would inquire whether this was surren- be made under their authority, but also to controversies
dering our national dignity (among others) between a State or the citizens thereof and
Mr. INGERSOLL interposed again, and said that if he un- foreign States, citizens, or subjects ?
derstood the correspondence had been arranged by friendly The bill executed this provision of the Constitution in the
personal intercourse, he supposed it could not put the treaty best of ways, by adding one more to the present uses of the
in very great jeopardy. benign writ of habeas corpus, that favorite and congenial re.
Mr. CUSHING resumed. The gentleman supposed there medy of republican law.
might have been an understanding on the subject. And if The gentleman insisted that the bill took away the crimi-
it should turn out that there was, it would only make the nal jurisdiction of the States; and if that were true, in how
case stronger. If the Secretary of State had had such a cor. many cases did it so operate ? We had had one now in sixty
respondence as the gentleman referred to, the case, he repeat- years. The cases would always be of extreme rarity ; the
ed it, was but made the stronger: for then it would be seen fears of the gentleman were idle; it was, in fact, a mere panic.
not only that England had been distinctly warned that we The cases were peculiar, and must be of rare occurrence.
would hear of no iuch thing as a right of impressment, but Were gentlemen in a state of great apprehension because
that she had taken the warning; and it now stood upon her once in half a century a criminal would be tried under the
own assent. Mr. C. said he should like to see the question tribunals of the United States instead of those of a State
actually tried: he would like to see whether, if England and not even then unless the Judge was satisfied that the
should be involved again in war with France, and would process would lie
dare, in face of the notice given, to set her foot on the deck Then came the question of the organization of this Govern-
of an American ship for impressment. England well under. mont. Was it, as the gentleman intimates, analogous to that
stood, on the ground oflong continued andf unequivocal no. of Spain, with distinct provinces governed alike b a central
ies, that the moment the foot of an officer of her's touched power? Not at all. Ours was a system entirely different; it
tAhat deck to impreo the humblest citizen ofthe United tatis, was a Government of confederated States, having a Federal


gislature and a Federal Judiciary, besides the State Legis-
ures and State Judiciary ; ard the Constitution defined the
Between them, and declared what cases should be decided
the one and what by the other.
If the objection meant any thing, it meant that we should
tve no Federal jurisdiction whatever; for, if we were to
ve such a thing, Op Constitution declared what causes
re to be adjudicated-by its authority, and what were to go
the State courts. The provisions of the bill were perfectly
iple and plain, and implied no disturbance of State jurisdic-
n. Did the gentleman from Pennsylvania desire that the
ate authority should have not only original, but final juris.
;tion also in cases arising under the law of nations 1 II
did, he desired in fact that there should be no such thing
a Government of the United States, and no such things as
united States, but merely a set of disunited States. For what
as the primary object of foiming this Union 1 Was it nol
at the foreign relations of the whole country should be en.
listed to the management and control of a single authority
itead of being left to thirteen distinct and independent sov.
eignties, so that the act of one State Legislature should no
volvo all the other States with a foreign Government Dki
t every body know that this was one of the chief induce
tets to the formation of a Union ? And that was, after all
e whole question; it was the question whether a case which
ght involve the question of peace and war should be finally
titled by a State court or by a Federal court.
The gentleman said it was a law of doubtful constitution
ity, but he did not go into that question; Mr. C. could no
leve that the gentleman seriously thought a constitutional
question would be involved ; if there was, the Supreme Cour
would settle it. If there was any meaning in words, th
constitution contemplated just such a law as was now pro
osed. Were not analogous questions to this settled by th
federal courts GQuestions which were national in their cha
cter. Was not that the effect of the Constitution ?
The States, for certain purposes and in certain relations
ere sovereign, but not national; they could not act in a na
anal sense as between us and foreign nations. The Stat
f New York was not a nation as it respected other nation
broad. Great Britain, for example, could not enter into
eaty with the State of New York. As soon as a nations
question arose, it was a question for the Federal Governmenm
'he present bill was conceived and framed in that spirit; I
obtained no unjust or undignified concession to Great Bri
ailn, or Mexico, or Texas; it was drawn in that spirit which
ad always characterized our intercourse with foreign ni
ons, viz a determination at once to guard our own hone
nd independence, and carefully to abstain from all trespat
n the rights of others; a disposition resolutely to maintain
strict neutrality among them ; to preserve an independer
attitude, and yet to show a just regard to tne rights of othen
instead of appealing to the country against such an arrange
nent, and endeavoring to touch a chord which should sympt
bize with the discontent of all discontented spirits an
array them beforehand against the treaty, a nobler course
would have been to do all in the gentleman's power to give
effect and support. The People of the entire Union ha
expressed the liveliest joy that after a controversy of i
any years standing, during the whole of which the Unit(
States had so often manifested her readiness to throw dow
he gauntlet to a great military, commercial, and moneys
?ower, an arrangement had at length been agreed upon I
which we could maintain peace and preserve untarnished
he same time the national honor of the United States.
Mr. INGERSOLL here withdrew his motion to recommn
be bill.


COLUMBIAN ACADEMYw-I am often tormented by
questions from thore who have en opportunity to know bet-
ter, such as, When do your holidays commence '" How long
do they continue? I' &c. It is a *ell-known fact that I have qiit
this practice many years ago. I defy any man to prove the utility
of this unpardonable destruction and waste of time, practised by
teachers of primary schools, or by these of high or low schools, I
and which is unknown in any other employment. Is the educa-
tion of youth more laborious than any other employment'? oris it
less important than other occupations of life? Youth is the spring
and seed-time of life, and passes rapidly away, and if not careful- i
ly cultivated, the remaining part of life is apt to be ignorant, vi-
cious, and wicked. Youth is like clay ib the potter's hands; if
taken in time, subject to any direction that wisdom and judgment
may point out. These long and protracted vacations render
youth idle and dissipated, disobedient to parents and teachers,
and cause them to be incapable of serious study or application.
These facts must be evident to every man that has paid any atten-
tion to the education of youth. There is no employment in soci-
ety that requires mtre patience anid energy, Ipractice and judg-
mcnt, than the cultivation of the juvenile mind. A teacher must
be born with some talent to command, and with moral and physi- I
cal courage, to enable him to perform his duty fiAithfully and in-
dependently. If he possess these qualiications and be proud of
his profession, be ,mll seldom complain of confiner.ent; he will
find ample exercise for body and mind in instructing his pupils
and keeping his establishment in order. No teacher ever did or
ever will bestow loo much attention to those committed to hil care.
Instruction cannot be forced or hurried 1 timne must be taken to
perform well this important duly. But, unfortunately for the pro-
fession and the community, there are hundreds that are ashamed
of the profession for every one that is preud of it. A large ma-
jority of those who engage in the profession have two or three
objects in view ; to get as much as they can do as littlA as they can,
and quit it as soon as possible. No windier, then, that there are
more botches in this employment than in all others united. I
have stated before, and I now repeat, that our youth might be bet-
ter scholars in one half of the time usually spent at school, more
moral and industrious, and better members of society through life,
by a correct and energetic system of education which would em-
ploy their time and make study pleasing to them. My long ex-
perience has convinced me of the correctness of what I here
state. I have now, and have had for many years, scholars (both
mtale and female) who have been six, sq'en, ahid eight years at
school, and with as many teachers; who bear no comparison with
those who have attended my academies one half the time, although
equal to them in natural abilities. I1 an ready and willing to
prove these facts in public or private. Scholars managed in tiis
manner are ruined without any blame attached to them ; not one in
ten can be brought to attend well, behave well, or make tolerable
improvement; their habits are formed ; the sins of their parents
and teachers will follow themselves and their posterity. What
a pity that the innocent sihoold sufter for the guilty It is now
thirty-four years the 10th of May last, since I opened in Wash-
ington, a perfect stranger, with only four scholars. Sipce that
period 1 have erected three academies, t the ep4ise ofel nearly
$20,000. All these establishments were kept in first rate
order, and 'opeh by daylight at all seasons; the teachers at their
posts ready to receive the scholars. They were upon duty from
ten and a half hours to eleven or twelve hours during ithe summer,
and so in proportion through the whole year., D.rilg this time
I may safely assert that I have spent one-third more time upon
duty than any other tbaicuer of whom I have any knowledge.
N -.ilsBrr.i-linm iih,. time upon duty, no teacher or scholars enjoy
better health than myself, teachers, or scholars do, or perform
their duty with more cheerfulness and pleasure. I am now as
healthy and as active as I was twenty years ago. I have no know-
ledge of that dreadful disorder (called the dy-,p,0..a't 'l, whmirl
lazy teachers are often yelping. t amofrhe .li.n.-m allit thus us-
order, with a guilty consellbce, is a pilniehment for aneglectof
duty. If this ba the only punishment they may thank their stars.
Those who neglect to do their duty, and waste the time of those
committed to their charge, sport with their bodies and souls, rob
parents of their property, deprive society of its dearest rights, and
justly merit the execration of present and future generations.
Many finish their days in the penitentiary who do nut one-half
the harm to society. When t eonsidet the situation of those wto
fill our public effi ces, I am convinced that six hours of their duty
is more confining and more hurtful to the constitution by far than
the time which is spent in Why establishment. Some of them
standing at their desks like sign-posts, some sitting three or four
double-to remain in this position six hours, often much longer, is
no joke ; and they have to endure this without a single holiday
except three or four in the year. In fact, I have known some of
the Heads of Departments to be upon duty nearly three tieths six.
Dyspepsia might find sufficient employment Pmidtg tills class.
Scholars are admitted into the Colutmblan Academy upon the
following terms, viz. to &ttend the hours of tuition as regularly as
possible$ secondly, to pay punctually every quarter. Without
imperious necessity, three holidays will never be given in succes-
sion. Five or six idle days are sufficient yearly. Shobool half a
day upon Saturday. This day, in all well-regulated Schools, is
considered the most important of the week. My motto is, tnd
has been upwards of thirty years, Order is llepven't first lw."
And although thousands of pupils of both sees have been under
my care, it has nevsr yet been disgraced by disorder. These
strict regulations cannot be considered public imposition, as we
hhav saome who style themselves teachers of lofty and wonderful
pretensions going from house to house begging scholars.
aug ?9-eolw .... JOHN McLEOD, Principal.
P OTOMAC PAVILION.-This delightful Bathing Ea-
S tablishment is now open forthe reception o visitors, whoare
respectfully informed thatthey can visit the Pavilion from Wash-
ington, Alexandra, anud Georgetown, by the Steamboat Colum-
bia onR Wednesdays at 6 o'clock A. M. and by the Chesapeake
on Friday at 9 A. M., returning on Sundays and Tuesdays.
Visitors from Baltimore can take the Columbia on Saturdays
at 4 P. M. reaching the Pavilion at 6 o'clock next morning.
The Bathing houses have been rebuilt on an improved plan.
Fish in variety, oysters, hard and soft crabs, always in readiness
and in abundance. P. J. HEPBURN.
Piney Point, July 6 -iftf
N OTICE.-The copartnership her-etofore existing under the
.LI firm of REED & MALBON, (Merchant Tailors,) is this
day dissolved by mutual consent. The business in future will
be conducted by DAVID C. REED. All persons indebted to the
above firm are requested to call and make immediate payment.
DAVID C. REED,
JAMES C. MALBON.
The undersigned, thankful for past favors, still solicits a share
of public patronage.
aug 24-3if DAVID C. REED.
"ESIRABLE RESIDENCE FOR SALE.-ln-
| tending to remove a short distance into the country, I will
sell the pleasant and eligible residence now occupied by me, situ-
ated at the east end of Gay street, Georgetown, and in view from
the bridge now being erected over Rock creek. The house is
of brick, rough cast, two stories high, with a basement cellar un-
der the Whole; contains two parlors, kitchen, ante-room, and
servant's room on the first floor, and four pleasant and convenient
chambers on the second. There is a pump of excellent water
near the kitchen door, and the spouts from the dwelling are so ar-
ranged as to secure a full supply of rain water. Of the out
houses, there are a smoke-house, spring-house, and stable. The
garden is well enclosed, and is large and very productive; and
attached to the house is a pleasant and shady green. There are
several kinds of fruit trees, and an abundance of grapes, sasp-
berries, currants, and gooseberries. As it is presumed that those
who may wish to purchase will view the premises, a more par-
ticular description is deemed unnecessary.
aug 2-law4wif WM. S. ALLIONS.
F-OR SALE, a valuable plantation, containing about l11
S acres, together with the growing crops, stock, and faroxsig
utensils, situate about 31 miles from the city of Washington, and
half a mile east of Rook Creek Church.
There is a good dwelling-house, with every other requisite
building. Also, a large apple an d peach orchard. it will be di-
vided into lots to suit purchasers, Terms cuabh
api l6-ntqf WM. G. SANDERS,


COMMUNICATIONS.

THE TARIFF BILLS.


Messrs. EDITORS : A ridiculous statement was put forth a
w days since in the Madisonian that the vetoed revenue
II would only have raised about twelve millions of revenue
is is said to have been derived from an estimate made by a
bordinate in the Treasury Department in the absence of
e Secretary, who had, previous to the passage of the bill,
ade an estimate in detail of the amount of revenue which
would be raised by it, and which, according to his statement,
would amount to twenty-six millions and a half. This was
ised upon the imports of 1840, they being less in that year
an in any one for many years. It isimpossible to say upon
hat basis this statement of the Madisonian is made-per-
aps upon the imports of the last quarter, when, owing to
ihe depressed state of the country and the uncertain state of
he revenue laws, the imports have been very light; or, per-
iaps, the correspondent to the Janus-faced Journal of Com-
nerce has hit on the plan in the following statement:
estimated duties on revenue bill as reported by the
Committee of Ways and Means $32,129,533
educt changes made while the bill was in Com-
mittee 1,699,214
Estimated duties as the bill passed both Houses and
was vetoed- 30,530,118
Frim which deduct-
Estimated debentures, duties refunded, expenses of
collection, &c. 4,750,000
Deduction made for prohibitory and protective duties
from importation 8,420,314
lett revenue of vetoed bill 17,167,8114
leduct from tea and coffee duty under Mr. MoKen-
nan's bill which passed the House this day 4 588,000
Nett revenue of bill just passed 12|879,304
This is the revenue with which we are to face appropriations
his year to the amount of thirty millions.
A most extraordinary statement, to be sure, with scarcely
Correct estimate in it! The imports of tea and coffee do
not exceed twelve millions, which, at twenty per cent., gives
Little over two millions of revenue-about one-half the
mount deducted above, without any thing being added for
he lands sold, which are substituted in the present bill.
Fight millions and a half deducted for prohibitory duties
Jpon what data or principle The Secretary's bill was
much reduced before it passed ; so mach so as to lessen the
revenue a million and a half by the above statement, and
ret so as to increase prohibitions eight millions and a half.
What a remark I The same thing operates to decrease and
o increase at the same time 1 Look at the following, taken
rom the official reports, and see whether a high or a low
ariff produces the most revenue:
Average amount of imports and revenue under the tariffs
of 1816, 1824, 1828, and the compromise act:
Imports. Duties.
1821 to 1824 $75,988,884 $16,890,242
1825 to 1828 87,326,110 21.589,463
1829 to 1832 87,397,459 24,223,484
i834 to i840 141,476,765 17,564,286
The most revenue was produced under the highest tariff,
that. of 1828 ; the least under the lowest, the compromise act.
The duties in the present revenue bill are generally lower
than those in the laws of 1824, 1828, or 1832, and in many
articles, such as iron, &c. lower than the duties under the
act of 1816. The bill is so framed as that, whilst it gives in-
cidental protection, it will raise ample revenue. Its friends,
who ate in favor of distribution, would willingly agree to let
that depend on its producing twenty-five millions of revenue
without the lands.
THE SMITHSONIAN LEGACY.

Is another session to come to its close, and nothing be done
in relation to this subject I How can we account, not merely
to the People of this country, but to the rest of mankind, for
our neglect of this trust, which we have pledged ourselves to
execute by accepting. The legacy was given fur the found-
ing of an institution for the increase and diffusion of
knowledge among tMEN ;i and MEN, not merely our own
countrymen, have a right to call on us to do something, with-
out further delay, towards the fulfilment of this trust,
At this late stage of the session, the maturing of any plan
may be out of the question; tiut a preliminary proceeding
could be had which would do much toward a settlement ol
views on this subject; I refer to an examination of Mr.
Smithson's papers, with a view to arrive at a judgment as to
the intentions of the donor. I was a casual visitor at the
hall of the National Instituter many weeks since, when the
estimable curator was engaged in removing Mr. Smithson's
papers from the boxes in which they were packed to a cabinet
prepared for thb purpose of teceiving them. During this
process he subjected them to a cursory examination, in which
I was kindly allowed to partake. I found, to my great de-
light, that Mr. Smithson had made extensive researches on a
great variety of subjects of a scientific and literary character,
as chemistry, the kindred sciences of geology and mineralogy,
zoology, philology, (apparently a very favorite subject of in-
vestigation,) and various branches of moral and political
science. Thele memoranda were full of profound and origi-
hal thoughts, often expressed with eIlratdirmaiy force and
point. The papers were carefully arranged in parcels, label-
ltd according to their subjects, and evidently with a view to
aid those in whose hands he designed to place them. Per-
haps hb destined them for publication, though his modesty
may have forbidden him to leave any other indications of his
wish than this arrangement might furnish. It is certainly
difficult, to my mind, to avoid the presumption that he must
have intended these papers to go with and illustrate the in-
tentiobs etpresmed in stich general terms iit his will. At all
events, it woulI seem that a decent respect to his memory,
apart from a desire of getting light as to his intention, should
demand that these papers be early examined and reported
upon, and I trust that Congress will not separate without
appointing a committee for that purpose. *

W ATC*ES. CLOICjIS; JEWELRY, AND SIL-
SVEk" WARE.-The undersigned have a large as-
sortment of fine Watches of every description, from some of the
best manufacturers in Europe; all warranted first rate time-
keepers.
A splendid assortment of French Mantel Clocks, also warrant-
ed first rate for time.
A large and valuable assortment of rich Diamond and other
Jewelry. ...
And Sliver Ware, a large assortment; all warranted of the
finest Silver and best workmanship.
All of which they are determined to sell at prices very much
reduced from former rates.
Watches of every description carefully repaired and warranted.
H. A J. S. ROCKWELL,
aug 1--dtf No, 9, Astor Houte, S. Y.
A OENCY.-Th-e undersigned offers his services to his
friends and the Public generally as an Agent. He will at-
tend to the collection of claims against the different Departments
of the Government, against individuals, notes, bills of exchange,
di. All business confided to him will receive prompt atteniion
and despatch. C. F. FRARY.
He refers Is-
Messrs. ,). W. Clark & Co., IBoston.
F. W. Edmotnds, Esq. Cashier, 1
Hon. Jnu. W. Eitmonds, (, Y k
Messrs. Paddock & Van Vleek, I5w York
Messrs. Win. and James Currie, J
R. G. Frary, Esq., M. D., Hudson, N. Y.
Messrs. E.W. Clarks4 Co. P h..il pIa.
Messrs. Gowen, Jacobs & Co.
F. J. Dallam Esq., Cashier, ]
Isaas Monroe, Esq. In Bios.
S. L. eowler,.E s., rB "
Messrs Sailauel Harris A Sons, J
Win. Gunton, Esq. President, ? Bank o Wsington
James Adams, Eeq. Cashier, Washington.
G. C. Grammer, Esq. President, ) p.t Bk..
C. Beater, Esq. Cashier, $ P "
Gen. R. C. Weightman, )
Win. A. Bradley, Esq.
Joe. H. Bradley, Esq. I
H. M. Morfit, Esq. Iwihl ,
C. S. Fowler, Esq. Washington.
Messrs. Bradley A Estep, |
Messrs. Gales A Seaton,
Hon. H. L. Ellsworth, j. aug 13 -d6tit&tf
I tE, ICE, ICE.-Pure Maine Ice can be supplied iii large
or small quantities by application at the National Eating
House, corner of 6th street and Pennsylvania avenue.
aug 24-eqd3( W. WALKER.


JAMES PHALEN & CO. Managers,
Washington, D. C.

THIS DAY.,
POKOMOKE RIVER LOTTERY, Class No. 99.
1 prize of $10,000 2 prizes of 1,600
1 do 3,000 10 do 1,000
I do 2,710 e&od. &c.
66 number lottery-IlI drawn ballots
Wholes $4-Halves 2-Quartets $1.
For tickets apply at the old stand, corner of Pennsylvania ave-
nue and 6th street.

'RAWN NUMBERS of the GRAND CONSOLIDAT-
SED LOTTERY OP DELAWARE, Class No. 25, drawn
at Wilmington, August 25, 1842:
4304244 47 693 67 5 59 26 33 51 7 75 77
Lowest Prize $5.
ug 29-it JAS, PHALEN & CO. Managers,


A PAGE OF CONCHOLOGY.
FROM THE BOSTON MISCELLANY.
What god it was I cannot say,
But one there was, when Jove was king,
Who, wandering by some Grecian bay,
Picked up a vacant shell that lay
Bleached on the shore, a dry, unsav'ry thing.

Nor is my memory well informed
(No Lempriere's at band, to blab)
What tenant had this mansion warmed,
Something with which the mEgean swarmed,
Some lobster, I suppose it was, or crab.

But he, the cunning brat of heaven,
Trimmed it according to his wish,
Crossed it with fibres-three or seven,
Or, as Pausanias thinks, eleven.
And gave a language to the poor, dead fish.

At once the house which e'en when filled
By its old habitant, was dumb,
Now as th' immortal artist willed,
A little sea-Od6on trilled,
And trembled low to the celestial thumb.

Enraptured with his new invention,
Up soared he to the blissful seat,
And having caught even Jove's attention,
Anti calmed a family dissension,
Went serenading through the starry street.

With us, the story's the reverse-
Our souls are born already strung,
But, twixtt the cradle and the hearse
Creeps a change o'er us-for the worse!
The heart hath music only when 'tie young.

For soon there comes a sordid god,
Who snaps the precious chords of sound,
And leaves the soul an empty pod,
A yellow husk-a dull, bard clod-
A faded shell, in which no voice is found,

Save when some bold, heroic hand
That dares to strike the tyrant Time,
Tries its first impulse to command,
And thrilling through the startled land,
Wastes the last ebbings of his youth in rhyme.

W ASHINGTON WRITING AND MATHEMA-
TICAL ACADEMY, E street, between 13th
antd 1 'th streets.-The duties of this Institution will be re-
sumed on the first Monday in September.
J. PILL, Principal.
Mrs. FILt will commence the next term of the Female Depart
ment of the above Institution on the same day.
aug 29 -MWP&SatMif
P RIVATE EDUCATION.--The 0Oih session of my
Seminary for Youths will open on the I1st of October, 1842, in
Alexandria, in that large and commodious establishment formerly
the residence of the late Jonah Thompson, Esq.
No pupil not heretofore a member of my family will be admit-
ted over the age of fotirteen, and the number will not exceed six-
teen. The morals, habits, and manners of my pupils receive
most sedulous care ; they all reside in my family, form a part of
it, and none others are admitted. A select society is thus formed
of my pupils, who are not permitted to ramble through the town.
The discipline is strict and parental, and a rigid compliance with
the regulations is required.
The course of instruction is suited to an entrance into schools of
higher grade, into college and mercantile life. It embraces Eng-
lish, Lailn, Greek, French, Composition, Civil History, Natural
and Mbral Philosophy, Geography, the Globes, Arithmetic, Book.
keeping, and the Evidences of Christianity. Such as learn Greek
will be subject to an additional charge.
Tams:: For tuition, board, fire, candles, washing, mending,
mattress and bedding, the charge for the scholastic session of ten
months is $190, payable in four payments, on the 1st of October,
15th of December, let of March, and 16th of June.
Vacation from 1st of August to the last of September.
aug 29-cplpn WM. BRENT Jr.


I-E, ICE, ICE.-SAMUEL DE VAUGHAN presentshis
respects to the Public, and informs them that Mr. JOHN
PETrIBONE and himself have made arrangements for a large
cargo of superior New York Ice to be here in a few days,ewhich
they will sell to those who may become early and regular cus-
tomers, at 25 cents per peck, or at the rate of 2 cents per pound
for a less quantity.
Those who may desire to become regular customers will please
make early application to either of us, so arrangements may be
made to mhet their regular demands daily. aug 22-6tif
rT w THE LADI ES.-Oraitnenial Hair and Fancy
. Store, Pennsylvania avenue, between 8th and 4th streets,
where can be found a large assortment of Wigs, Frizettas, Curls,
Braids, Plaits, &c. with a variety of Ornamental Hair and Fancy
articles.
Miss GIBBS, formerly at S. Parker's, respectfully informs the
ladies that she will be happy to wait upon them at the above
place. Ladies can have the hairoftheir friends orrelatives work-
ed tip into Bracelets, Necklaces, Watehguards, &Ac. at the short-
est notice.
All kinds of hair work .ade to order.
N. B. Millineistand others supplied with Curls, lBraids, Ori-
zettes, Ac. at the lowest rates.
ang25-3tif [Globe&Alex.Gaz i J. H. GI._BBS.
J UST RECEIVED and for sale by Jobhn Douglas, Florist
and Seedsman, a lot of Canary or bird seed, which will be
sold lowei than can bhe purchased elsewhere in the District of
Columbia. [fGlobe I aug 24-eod3t
RI S. DYSON'S SEMINARY FOR YOUNG
LADt ES will rebomiitdehie on Monday, September 5th.
For terms, apply at her residence, corner of th and D streets.
aug 241-eo2w
C-OTT~~FN P ES OR SALE --A newand improved
press, for pressing cotton and hay, acting on a different prin-
ciple from any heretofore invented. It possesses great power,
and is capable of pressing thirty pounds of cotton into the space of
a cubic foot.
It has attached to it an excellent horse-power, which may be
detached from the press and applied to any other machinery, as
for threshing, corn shellitig, or the like. Apply to the subscriber,
agent, at the Savage Factory.B
BENJ. WILLIAMS.
The machine can be examined at any time at the Savoge Fao-
tory, about twenty miles from Washington. aug 17-dteo
L'IFTY DOLLARS REWARD.-Ran away from the
UF subscriber, living adjoining the town of Port Tobacco, Ma-
ryland, on the 24th instant, a negro man, aged about 22 years, who
calls himself STEPHEN QUEEN.
IlStephen is about five feet six inches high, of a copper complex-
ion, small features, .nd quite spare in his person. He has been
for several years siicted with the scrofula, and is very notable
from the circumstance of his face, arias, ald hands being very
much marked with the effects of that disease. Hle has a down-
cast look when spoken to, and is of a grum, morose demeanor. He
has relatives in or about the city of Washingtoni, and may be found
in that city or neighborhood.
The above reward will be paid by Mte for his apprehension so
that I get him again, if taken without the State of Maryland or
District of Columbia, and $25 if taken in the said State or District.
aug 29-cp3w HENRY A. NEALE.
FIFTY DOLLARS REWARD.-Ran away, on the
S 20th ultimo, from the subscriber, living near Combs's
Wharf, a negro mani, who calls himself WILLIAM LINDSLEY,
about five feet six or eight inches high, spare make, thin visage,
16 years oldi clr thing hot recollected, as he had a variety. Also,
the wife of said Williaril, lined ADELINE, aged about 19 years,
very full face, copper color, about the middle siae, and rather de-
licate. Shie also had a variety of clothing, and a deScription
would be useless.
The above reward will be given for the apprehension of said
negroes, or twenty-five dollars for either.
aug ?9-eo3tcp JOHN H. DAVIDSON.


IAMES PIALEN & CO.
Manager'st Offie, WashIngton, 1). C.

SPLENDID LOTTERIES FOR SEPTEMBER&

SCHOOL FUND LOTTERY OF RHODE ISLAND,
jiass Na. It".
Tobe drawn at Providence, Rhodle Island, Septethber 10.
Capitals $25,000-$12,500-and 200 of $500.
75 Numbers--12 drawn Ballots
Tickets 10-Halves $5- quarters 39 50.
Certificate of a package of 26 wholes $130 00
"I 25 halves 66 066
26 quarters 32 60
25 eighths 16 25

SCHOOL FUND LOTTERY OF RHODE ISLAND.
CLAss No. 144.
To be drawn at Providence, Rhode Islandt September 1it.
Capitals $25,000--$12,000-and 200 of $400.
75 number-12 drawn Ballots.
Tickets 310- Halves $5-Luarters 62 50.
Certificate of a package of 24 wholes $120 00
24 halves 60 00
24 quarters 36 00
S" 24 eighths 1 00

GEORGETOWN LOTTERY, CLAss No. 102.
To be drawn at Wilmington Delaware, September 29.
Capitals $16,000-$5,000-and 20 of $1,000.
78 numbers-16 drawn ballots.
Wholes $5-Halves $2 60-Quarters $1 265.
Certificate of a package of 26 wholes $50 00
S" 26 halves 26 00
26 quarters 12 B0

GEORGETOWN LOTTERY, CLAsS No. 107.
To be drawn at Wilmington, Delaware, September 29.
Capitals $-20,000-$5,000-and 10 of $1,000
76 numbers-14 drawn ballots.
Wholes $5-Halves 52 50--Quarters $1 25.
Certificate of packages of $5 wholes 865 00
Do do of 25 halves 27 $0
Do do of 2 quarters 18 75
For certificates and shares or certificates of paeiksg, address
as above, or apply at the old4 stand, oqper of Penmsylvania
avenue and 6th street, aug 29- 4td&c


MRB. AND MRS. MICUARD'S ACADEMY FOt
YOUNG LAIhinB,
F street, between 12 A and 13.'h, will re-open on 5Si Sept'bar.
T HE studies will, as heretofore, be under thu care of com-
patent teachers, and include all the branches ofa complete
English and French education.
Terms payable quarterly in advance.
Preparatory Department.
English Studies 86 per quarter
French Lnguage 3 additional
Stationery 1 ,
The quarter contains twelve weeks.
Terms for ths highest branches.
All branches of English eaucation . 10 per quarter
French Grammar, Rhetoric, &o. 6 "
Stationery 1 "
An extra charge of two dollars for each scholar will be male
for fuel during the winter.
Terms for separate branches.
MUSIC.
Piano or Guitar $20 a quarter, or 21 lessons
Vocal Music 26 "
Do. in classes 10 "
Harp .... Professor's price
Latin, Italian, or Spanish, in classes 86 per quarter
Do do do private lessons 25
Drawing, Painting, and Dancing Professor's price.
The payment for separate branches are to be made also quar-
terly in advance.
Persons desirous of knowing more particularly about the details
of the School will find them in a prospectus, which can be obtain-
ed at Mr. Milhard's, or at the stores of Messrs. Fischer, Pars-
ham, Taylar, Biyly, Kennedy, or Morrisen.
aug29--2aw4w
M R. W. PRATT, PROFESSOR OF MUSIC,
12th street, south of Pennsylvania avenue, authorized
agent of Messrs. Nonna & Clark, New York, fur the sale of their
Pianos in the city of Washington and the District of Columbia,
has just received a further supply by the schooner Victory.
They are plain but highly finished instruments, with the French
grand action, harp pedal, and metallic plate complete, warranted
in every particular, at the same prices as at the factory in New
York.
Also, a very superior Rosewood Instrumert, from Brown &
Hallet, Boston, and two made by Gilbert & Co Boston.
All will be offered on liberal terms, at prices to suit the present
depression. [B. Sunj aug 29-eelw
HEAP WOOD AND COAL YARD.-The subscri-
ber offers for sale 500 tons of the best Red Ash Coal, on
the most reasonable terms. It is of the best quality, and if orders
are left immediately at his office on 4th street, near the Canal,
so that the coal can be sent out from the vessel, it will be furuish-
ed at the lowest prices.
Also constantly on hand, White Ash Coal; Oak, Hickory, and
Pine Wood, of the best quality, which will be sold low for, cash
or short credits. The subscriber will also purchase by the cargo.
for a small commission, for persona wishing to lay in their win-
ter stock. And they will find it to their advantage to give himto a
call before purchasing elsewhere.
GEORGE MATTINGLY, Wood and Coal Dealer,
aug29-eo3w 6th street, near the Canal.
UROPEAs HOTIEL, on Pennsylvanila avenue,
near the President's House and the public offices, has been
recently remodeled in several parts of the interior, and has been
thoroughly repaired, painted, and papered. The fuinitre is en-
tirely new, and every improvement has been adopted, without re-
gard to expense, to make it worthy of public patronage. The mut.-
dersigned pledges himself to the public that it will be kept ia a
style of unexceptionable neatness and with a studied regard to the
confortS of his guests. The tables will be constantly supplied with
the luxuries of the seasons i the skill of the best French cooks will
be always employed, and no effort will be omitted to make it one
of the best Hotels ofthe country. A porter will be in regular at-
tendance at the railroad cars with a baggage wagon free of charge
to attend to those who may be disposed to patronize this new Hotel.
LOUIS GALABRUN.
rThe Globe, Baltimore Sun, Philadelphia Ledger, N. York
Herald, New Yorkh Cmurier and Eanquirer, Boston Daily Timer,
and Southern Patriot every other for one month and send bilt as
abote. aug 29
k OR SALIi IN MONTGOMERY, MD.-I ish to
F dispose of the following Farms in Montgomery county, Md.
eight or nine miles from Washington, to wit:
One of 164 acres, one of 240 acres, one of 94 acres, one of 100
acre one of 130 acres, one of 169 acres, one of 265 acres, one of
138 acres, and one of 196 acres; all of which lands lie in a heal-
thy neighborhood.
The terms will be accommodating, or I will take slaves i: ex-
change, or I would exchange some of those farms for city pro-
perty.
For further information apply to Johnson & Callan, Washing-
ton, or to the subscriber on the premises.
ahg 29-eolin ROBERT BROWN.


CHOICE WINES, LIQUORS, &C.-The subscriber
has still on hand a variety of Wines, Liquors, &c. of the stock
of S. G. Kneller, which he offers for sale at very reduced prices
for cash, 25 percent, below cost and no mistake, as the business
positively is to be closed. There are yet on hand-
Bottled Wines, Madeira, Sherry, Port, old and choice Rhe-
nish Wines of the highest grades
Also, old Holland Gin and old Whiskey in bottles
In casks or on draught a variety of Wines and Liq'ors, all
of superior quality, some very choice
Also, Pickles, Lemon Sirup, Cigars, Wrapping Paper, &c.
A very handsome Hand-cart
JOHN H. BUTHMANN, Agent,
ang 90-3t for G. W, PHILUIPS, Trustee.
F URNISHED ROOMS FOR RENT.-The stb-
scriber has two large parlors and four chambers very hand-
somely furnished, which hie will rent on moderate terms by the
month or year. D. A. GARDINER,
aug 29-3t G street, between 14th and 15th ste.
SERFUMER T, COMBS, HAIR BRUSHES, &c.
J. H. GIBBS has just received at his Ornamental Hair and
Fancy Store, between 8dh and 9th streets, Peonsylvsnia avenue,
a fine assortment of Egtracts, Oils, Poindes, Soaps, &eo. with a va-
riety of Side, Tuck, and fine Combs, Hair Brushes, &a. Also, a
lot of Long Mits. ang 29-3iif
N OTICI.-Thte copartnership heretouore exhi-ting under the
IN firm of BOTELER & WARING is this day dissolved by
mutual consent. All persons indebted to the late firm are re-
quested to make immediate payment to RICHARD M. WAaINe,
who is duly authorized to make collections and pay the debts of
the firm. C. W. BOTELER, Jr.
R. M. WARING.
aug 27-eo3t __________ August 20, 1842.
C W. BOTELEB, Jr. will continue to keep a general
assortment ofHovest FtPVISHING GooDS, with the excep-
tion of Cabinet Ware, at the stand lately occupied by Ingle &
Palmer, oil Penusylvania avenue, nearly opposite Centre Mar-
ket, where he requests those furnishing to give him a call, as lie
is determined to sell goods as low for cash as they can be bought
in the District. aug 29-eo3t
STORES OR OFFICES FOR IENT.-Three of the
rooms on the corner of 3d street and Pennsylvania avenue
are for rent. They are very suitable fur tailors or shoemakers,
or as offices for business men. Also, the room next to the ave-
nue, which is partien'ily adapted for a barber's shop.
aug 24-dtif


_ OWARD N$T|TUTION--aearthe Centre Market,
have now for sale, an assortment of men's and boys' sum-
mer clothing, with a good assortment of shirts.je t21
Circuit Court of the District of Columbia for the
county of Washington.-Inl Chancery.
Robert Isherwood and Martha, hlisa wife, late Martha Duley, corn-
plalnans, and Jonathan Barnsley and Jonathan Duley, de-
fendants.
piHE bill in the above cause states, in substance, that Jona-
1 than Duley, the late husband of the complainant, Martha,
by his will devised his two-story brick house aul lot, on the eor-
ner of Market and Third streets, in Georgetown, and all he pos-
sessed, to his then wife, the complainant Martha, until the end of
her life, and then that she might give one-half thereof to whom
she pleased, and the other half he gave to his twe nephews, the
defendants above named; and if the complainant, Martha, should
marry again, said tesiator gave to said defendants one-half of the
whole that he possessed, to be taken and enjoyed by them at the
time of any such marriage, and he appointed said complainant,
Martha, sole executrixI that she qualified as such, and entered
Into the possession of said real estate I that she duly administered
the personal estate of said Jonathan Duley, which was not suffi-
cient to pay bis debts; that she hath paid all his debts, the same
being particularly stated in said bill; and that her over payment
of said debts beyond the personal estate is, $1,.312 231, for which
said real estate is bound and liable to her ; that the complain-
ant intermarried on the 22d day of July, 1841 ; and the object of
said bill is to have said real estate s-ld for the repayment of said
balance, and the residue of the purchase money divided between
the complainants and defendants according to their respective
rights j and because the said defendants do niet reside in the
District of Columbia, it is ordered by the Court, this 17 h day of
August, 1842, that notice of the substance and object of sid bill
be given to said defendants by publishing a copy of this order
once a week for six successive weeks in the National Intelligen-
ceri and that the said defendants be required to appear and an-
swer said bill on or before the first Mondrey of January next, at
the rules to be held at the Clerk's office of this county, other-
wise that the said bill will be taken pro confesso against said de-
fendants l the first advertisement to be published at least four
months before the said day.
By order of the Court. True copy-test:
WM. BRENT, Clerk.
RErIN for complainants._ aug 29-w6w
In Prince George's County Court, sitting as a Court
ot Equity, July term, 1842.
Charles Rosenthal, tera.s Augusta Sophia Rosenthal.
Tr HE object of the petition filed in this case by Charles Ro-
sehthal is to procure a decree for divorce a vinenlo matri-
monii from his wife Augusta Sophia RAsenthal. The petitioner
states that the said Augusta Sophia, the lawful wife of tite said
Charles Rosenthal, now of Prince George's county and State of
Msryland, but formerly of Washington city, in theb District of Co-
lumbia, having contracted an adulterous intimacy with a certain
Charles Kraos, a resident of said city, did, on the 3d ofAngust,
1842, by his artful persuasions adulterously elope from said city
in his company to parts unknown to the said Charles Rosenthar,
and that they were frequently seen in the act of adultery prior to
said elopement, which fact was concealed from him until after
said elopement occurred. The petition further states that the
said Charles Rosenthal, since his intermarriage with the said An-
guota Sophia, has always treated her in the most kind and affec-
tionate manner; that he was in nn manner accessary to said elope-
ment, and that the said Augusta Sophia resides out of the State of
Maryland in foreign parts unknown to him. It is, thereupon, this
26th day of August, 1842, by the subscriber, chief judge of Prince
George a county court, sitting as a court of equity, adjudged and
ordered that the petitioner, Charles Rosenthal, by causing a copy
of this order tobeinserted in some newspaper published at Wash-
ington city once in each of four successive weeks, before the first
day of October nex, give notice to the said Augusta Sophia Ro-
senthal of the object and substance of this petition, and warn her
to appear In this court In person or by solicitor on or before the
second Monday 6f January next to answer the premises and show
cause, if any abshe bs, wahy a decree ought not to passma prayed.
JOHN STEPHEN.
TrImeeepy, tetot IO; N B. BROOKF,
Gag 29-w4w llerk.






N*.-<


A








WASHINGTON.
Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and
Inseparable."

MONDAY, AUGUST 29, 1842.

THE TARIFF BILL No. Ill.
passed the Senate with a variety of amendments
on Saturday night last, at a late hour, by a majority
of one vote. To day it will be taken up in the
House of Representatives, and its fate will pro-
bably be settled in the course of the day.

CONGRESS
will of course not be able, with the weighty busi-
ness yet on their hands, to get through and ad-
journ to-day, as proposed by the resolution of the
House of Representatives, now lying on the table
of the Senate. The end of the session is, how-
ever, near at hand. The two Houses will adjourn
some day this week ; perhaps on Wednesday.

THE TREATY.

Several of the Northern papers have published
what is stated to be the articles of the late Treaty
negotiated in this city between the United States
and England. The Treaty has not yet been pub-
lished by authority, nor have we learned that the
injunction of secrecy has as yet been removed by
the Senate. We have thought proper to with-
hold any thing from publication as being the
Trealy, till, in one or the other of the above ways, it
may authentically appear what the Treaty is. And
we feel the more bound to do this, because there
is no doubt that Executive communications were
sent to the Senate with the Treaty, which may be
necessary for its right understanding; and be-
cause, also, if general rumor is to be credited,
engagements, not embraced in the Treaty, yet
accompanied it, and made essential parts of the
general result of the negotiation.

A gentleman of this vicinity who returned on
Saturday from a professional visit to the lower
counties of Maryland, states that information of
the passage, last week, of the pending Tariff Bill
by the House of Representatives was received by
all classes of the people in that portion of the
State with the strongest expressions of satisfac-
tion. Those expressions are the more worthy ofl
being recorded, when it is considered that the
people of lower Maryland are as exclusively agri-
cultural in their pursuits as those of any portion
of the Southern States.

The editor of the Richmond Enquirer is now as
much dissatisfied with the Whigs of the House of
Representatives for passing a Revenue Bill as he
had just before expressed himself at the prospect
of their adjourning without one. Do as they will,
the Whigs cannot please the venerable Editor.
He reminds one of the story of the soldier under-
going a flogging at the halberds. Pray strike a
little lower." "Oh, oh! not so low! higher,
higher!" Strike where I will," said the drum-
mer, "there seems to be no such thing as pleas-
ing you!"

FROM MEXICO.

We learn from the Savannah papers that JOHN
L. DoRsEV, Esq. bearer of despatches from Mexi-
co to our Government, arrived in that city on the
24th instant, via Key West and Pensacola, having
left Vera Cruz on the 17th ult.
,The despatches (says the Savannah Republican)
are of a very important character in relation to our
difficulties with Mexico. When Mr. D. left great
excitement prevailed towards the Government of
the United States. A proclamation was issued
the day before his departure of a most violent and
inflammatory character, calling upon the citizens
to unite and resist the aggressions of the United
States, denouncing our citizens as thieves, robbers,
and scoundrels, who are desirous to overthrow
their religion, plunder their churches, and prosti-
tute their wives and daughters.
Mr. WfBSTER'S letter in reply to Mr. BOCANE-
GORA, Minister of Exterior Relations in Mexico,
had not reached there when Mr. D. left. From
the hostility displayed by the officers of the Mexi-
can Government towards the American residents
in that country, Mr. D. says he should not be sur-
prised if the tone of Mr. WEBSTER'S letter should
induce the Mexican Government to expel them.
A day or two previous to Mr. DoRsEv's depar-
ture, Mr. BocANMERA resigned his seat as a mem-
ber of the Cabinet, and was succeeded by Mr.
ALAMAN, formerly Minister of Exterior Relations
under the Emperor ITURBIDE.

The thousands of our own people who have
been discharged from manufacturing establish-
taents are best fitted for that sort of work to which
they have been trained, and they will look with
anxiety for some change of the times that may en-
able them to return to their accustomed occupa-
tions. This change can be brought about only by
a sound protective tariff-and it is a matter of un-
certainty when such a tariff will be had. The
Whigs in the House of Representatives have done
their part ; they have renewed their efforts again
and again ; and, though twice defeated by the Ex-
ccutive veto, they have returned to the task, and
passed a good bill. We hope the Senate will not
hold back. Let the President be tried once more.
There must be some end to the rash temerity
which has trifled too long already with the inter-
ests of the people, and turned the constitutional
veto into a scourge.-Baltimore American.

PENsAcoLA, AUuUST 13, 1842.
NAVAL.-TThe U. S. brig Dolphin, Commander RoDn, ar-
rived here on Friday morning last from a cruise in the Gulf
of Mexico. The health of Vera Cruz had very much im-
proved.
The ships of war now in our harbor are, the French ships


La Brilliant and Dunois, and the United States ships Fat-
mouth and Ontario, and the brig Dolphin. The steam fri-
gate Mississippi is daily expected.
On Thursday last the French corvette La Brilliante fired
one gun every quarter of an hour through the day, in honor
of the memory of the late Duke of Orleans. Each of the
United States ships and the navy yard fired at twelve o'clock
minute guns, twenty-one in number.
[From other sources we know that the steamer Mississippi
arrived at Pensacola a few days after the date of the above.]

DEATH OF GEN. EMoRY.-Gen. THos. EMORY, of Queen
Ann's county, Md. died at Old Point Comfort on Wednesday,
of pulmonary consumption. He was a highly esteemed citi-
zen of Maryland, and had frequently represented his native
county in the House of Delegates, and had Also served in the
Senate of the State, and as one of the Executive Council of
the Governor under the old Constitution, besides filling ma-
ny other important public stations, the duties of which were
performed with the strictest integrity.
NAVAL.-The United States steamer MissOBat, Captain
NawTros, irived at Caetine, Maine, on the 21st from New
York, and was to leave for Portland on Wednesday, and then
to Newport, Boston, and Thomuston.


MR. WISE AND THE VETO.

In announcing to our readers on Tuesday last
the passage of a Tariff Bill by the House of Rep-
resentatives, notwithstanding the just displeasure
of the Whigs in Congress at the repeated exer-
cise by the President of the veto power upon bills
of the same character, we said that the consti-
tutional provision which confers on him the veto
power" "is as odious to us as it can possibly be
to them." To what extnt it is odious to the
Whigs in Congress was made known to us by the
vote of the House of Representatives on the 17th
day of the present month, by which it was declar-
ed, by the votes of nearly all the Whig members
of the House, that it had become so obnoxious
as, in their opinion, to require an amendment of
the Constitution to get rid of it; a process to
which they would never agree to resort except in
extreme and incurable cases.
The sentiment expressed by us, therefore, was,
simply, plainly, most intelligibly, and neither more
nor less than, this: we agreed with the Whigs of
the House of Representatives to the full extent of
the indication furnished, only a day or two before,
by their votes upon that question.
Mr. WisE, however, in the course of some re-
marks in debate on Friday last, made use of this
expression of opinion against the veto power
as though it were a declaration of hostility to the
Constitution, of which, he admits, we have always
heretofore been declared lovers. However credit-
able it be to his ingenuity, this construction of our
language is unjust to us, and, if applied to the ar-
guments of Mr. WISE himself in a hundred dif-
ferent instances, would recoil upon him with
staggering effect.
The hostility to the Veto power, in the shape
in which it stands in the Constitution, only re-
cently for the first time declared by a majority of
the Representatives of the People, has, we are
proud to say, been repeatedly proclaime d by us
During the last twelve years. We could refer Mr.
WISE to many articles on the subject, published
during that time, in which we spared the despotic
exercise of that power by General JACKSON,
during his iron reign, even less than we have spared
the later equally arbitrary exercises of that power
which Mr. WisE approves and sustains. Soli-
tary and alone" we set "that ball in motion ;"
and we rejoice that it has rolled along with the
circling years until it has accumulated so much
and such powerful authority that we do not des-
pair of seeing a restriction upon the veto pow-
er yet incorporated in the Constitution, which
it will be the means of preserving from the danger
with which our Republican system is threatened
from that source.
We. repeat, that many years have elapsed,
during which we have arraigned and condemned
the veto power, upon the ground of the effects,
deleterious to the Constitution and ruinous to the
public welfare, which have resulted from unre-
strained, arbitrary, and warton use of it. To go
back only ten years for our early opinion on this sub-
ject, we take the following extract from an edito-
rial article (on the pending Presidential election)
in the National Intelligencer on the 16th of Au-
gust, 1&32: in which, after referring to the veto
power as "this arbitrary, and, as now distorted,
most dangerous power," we said:
YES, DANGEROUS! What power can be more
dangerous in the. hands of any individual than
that of saying, there shall be no law but my will?
Such, in effect, is the veto of the President, as
now exercised. A measure which he interdicts
may, it is true, become a law if it shall be repassed
in the Senate and House of Representatives by
two-thirds of the votes of each House. In this
Government, however, the Executive influence
must be contemptible, indeed, if, what between
personal attachment and party association, the
hope of reward and the fear of punishment, the
Administration cannot count upon the loyalty of
one-third of one or the other House in any con-
flict between the President and Congress. We
never expect to see a bill passed by Congress
in opposition to the veto. They who do make
such calculations, who flatter themselves, for ex-
ample, that a bill may pass Congress to recharter
"the bank, notwithstanding the President's objec-
tions, have a better opinion of human nature than
we entertain. THE MOST ABSOLUTE DESPOT ON
EARTH DOES NOT HOLD A MORE ABSOLUTE POWER,
as it is now wielded, in utter defiance of the pub-
lic will, and with entire recklessness of conse-
quences, than thepower of the President to nega-
tive all bills which are presented for his signature."
Was there any thing in our late language quo-
ted and excepted to by Mr. WrsE calculated to
place that provision of the Constitution" in a
light more odious than tlat in which we present-
ed it in 1832 ? Are not the sentiment which we
freely expressed ten years ago and that which we
now express identically the same? Has there been,
in relation to this subject, on our part, arty change
or shadow of turning? Have we condemned in
President TYLER what we approved in General
JACKSON? Have we not opposed, with equal
earnestness, the same pretensions on the part of
both ?
In our article of 183-2, pursuing the subject, we
happen to have used, in relation to the usurpation
of Legislative power by Gen. JACKSON, almost the
identical language used, only a few days ago, by
the distinguished Select Committee of the House
of Representatives, in their report upon the last
veto.
In our deliberate opinion," we then said,
there is matter in the late Veto Message to justify
AN IMPEACHMENT'of the President of the United
States. But we are far from desiring to see an
'impeachment proposed ; and, if we had no other
season, we should object to a motion for that
purpose, because we are sure it would ultimately
'fail, and thus agitate the country without ad-
vantage."


This is what we said in 1832. And now, un-
der the circumstances precisely similar of the pre-
sent day, what say the committee of the House of
Representatives-a committee not less distin-
guished in the character and quality of its composi-
tion than any committee ever appointed in either
House of Congress ? They say-
The majority of the committee believe that the
case has occurred in the annals of our Union con-
templated by the founders of the Constitution by
the grant to the House of Representatives of the
power TO IMPEACH the President of the United
States ; but they are aware that the resort to that
expedient might, in the present condition of
public affairs, prove abortive.''
But not only have we been borne out, in our
views of this subject, by the lately declared Whig
opinion of the monstrous character of the pre-
tension set up for the Executive to control, by
meaus of the Veto, all Legislative action, but we


are happy to be able to produce the authority of
the honorable Representative from Virginia him-
self in condemnation and crimination of such
exercise of the Executive power-by which he re-
ferred of course to the Veto power-as had conveit-
ed this Government into an elective monarchy,
with the power of absolute control over Legisla-
tion. Hear him, in the following extract from his
speech on the Sub-Treasury bill, on the 13th of
October, 1837:
Sir, whilst the gentleman from South Caro-
lina (Mr. LEGARE) was abroad in Europe study-
ing the condition and the policy of foreign coun-
tries, it was my lot to remain at home, and for
the last four years to mark the policy, to study
the motives, and watch the march of our own
Federal Government. Let me tell that gentle-
man that our Federal Executive has, almost with-
in that period of time, changed the form of our
Government from a representative federal republic
to that of AN ELECTIVE MONARCHY-an elective
monarchy with the POWER OF ABSOLUTE CONTROL
OVER LEGISLATION, and of perpetuating a suc-
cession I congratulate this House and the na-
tion that the gentleman has returned to his coun-
try in time to strike for her a blow with his strong
arm against this nefarious measure, calculated
for no other design than that of strengthening
ihe cords of Executive power, and of riveting
forever the chains which have been forged for us
for the last four years; and I only regret that he
was not here before to war side by side with me
and others who have been laboring in vain to
ward off the catastrophe which has befallen, and
the crisis which now threatens the country and
its institutions."
Such was the language of the eloquent gentle-
man from Accomac in regard to the monarchical
pretensions set up by the Jackson Administration.
In resisting those pretensions we had the benefit
of his public countenance and his eminent abi-
lity. Why, alas! do we not find him still in the
Whig ranks, combatting against arbitrary power,
and resisting those doctrines whose practical
effect is to change this Government into an elec-
tive monarchy, with the power of absolute control
over legislation!" And how could he have the heart
to suggest against us a charge of hostility to the
Constitution, because of our enmity to that pro-
vision of it under which mischiefs have been
perpetrated, under the present and penulti-
mate Administrations"-by his own admission as
to the former, and by parity of reasoning as to
the latter-that have wrought conviction on the
minds of a majority of the Members of the House
of Representatives that the Veto power, in its pre-
sent extent, is an excrescence on the body politic
which must be retrenched and pared down before
the patient becomes a victim to its morbid growth !

WHIG STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF
MARYLAND.
The President of the late Whig State Conven-
tion, in accordance with a resolution authorize ing
him to appoint a State Central Committee, has se-
lected the following gentlemen for that committee:
James Harwood, G. Av. Spreckleson,
0. C. Tiffany, James L. Ridgely,
George R. Richardson, Charles H. Pitts,
W. H11. Gatchell, John L. Carey,
Wmin. Reynolds, A. TV. Bradford,
George M. Gill, James 0. Law.
Thomas Kelso,

FROM FLORIDA.

The Tallahassee Sentinel of the 19th instant
contains the following:
"IMPORTANT.-On Thursday morning, the llth instant,
Messrs. John Sandwich, James McMillan, H. Sessions, sr.,
David Rowel, and a Mr. Pindar, of Jefferson county, were
out hunting, when they were attacked by about forty Creek
Indians who were lying in ambush. Sandwich and Rowel,
who were separated from the others and awaiting their arrival,
were first fired upon, one killed on the spot-the other, though
badly wounded, made his escape and gave the alarm. The
other three, unconscious of the fate of their comrades, on ap-
proaching the spot of danger, were fired upon and all wound-
ed. Messrs. McMillan and Sessions escaped, but Pindar
was overtaken and his brains beat out.
The Indians then proceeded to the house of Mr. H.
Womble, killed a Mr. Kennedy and one negro, and wounded
two others, one of whom has since died.
Col. W.J. Bailey, with ten or fifteen men, attacked them
near the Gum Swamp, on the afternoon of the same day.
The Indians made a vigorous resistance, and on the first fire
wounded severely three of our men. The whites were short-
ly reinforced by ten or fifteen horsemen, when the enemy
were driven into the swamp with some loss on both sides.
Six whites were wounded, one of whom, Mr. Walter Black-
burn, we regret to learn, has since died. Mr. McMillan, it
was also feared, would not recover. The Indians plundered
the house of Mr. Ham and burned that of Mr. Sandwich.
C,,ls W. and W. J. Bailey raised a company of seventy-
five volunteers, and, at last accounts, were in hot pursuit of
the enemy, with a determination to continue the chase until
they were overtaken. Thecitizens of Thomas and Lowndes,
with praiseworthy feelings, joined their standard."
[To reconcile the above to the annunciation by the Com-
mander in Florida of a general pacification, it is proper to
state that Octiachee, at the late conclusion of a peace, told
Gen. WORTH that, previous to his receiving his friendly mes-
sage, the majority of his band had gone on the war-party to
Middle Florida, under his brother, young Octiachee; that
Col. W. must expect to hear bad news from this section of
country; the band was now beyond his control, and that
whites and Indians would both be likely to be killed in bona
fidle war. He had sent runners to apprize them of the council
and the cessation of hostilities, and promised that war should
positively cease.
Gen. WORTH withheld his order for some time, and sent a
boat to Port Leon, for the express purpose of hearing whether
there was any bad news from the war-party, and, on its re-
turn, finding all quiet, he issued the order on the 14th inst.]

THE BOUNDARY.-The Quebec Gazette says
in regard to the Boundary Treaty :
We hope the terms stated are erroneous. There is,
however, no doubt that the claims of one half of the Mada-
waska settlers who purchased their possessions under the
faith of the British Government, before ever an United
States settler penetrated into the valley of the St. John, are
given up. We think there must be some mistake in the as-
sertion that the line runs from the second lake on the Saint
Francis branch of the St. John to the source of the Connec-
ticut, giving up the head.waters of the Chaudiere, Lake Ma-
gantic, and sixteen hundred square miles of acknowledged
British territory surveyed and partly settled."

RAILROAD AccitDzT.-On Thursday the cars on the Provi-
dence road ran off the track when going at the rate of 28
miles per hour. No lives were lost, but the engineer was se-


verely injured. The accident was occasioned by the break-
ing of the crank shaft. All the cars were thrown off, and
the locomotive was turned nearly round and headed down a
precipice. _______ ________
PHILADELPHIA, AUGUST 26.
DzsTRUCTlv FIRtaE.-Two bridges across the river Schuyl-
kill, about five miles from the city, were destroyed by fire this
morning. Shortly after twelve o'clock, the watchman sta.
tioned on the Reading Railroad Company's bridge, discover-
ed a very small flame issuing from a portion of the adjoining
bridge, and proceeded with a bucket of water immediately to
extinguish the flames-on reaching the place an explosion
ensued as from gunpowder and turpentine, which caused im-
mediate fl ght of the watchman, and very soon enveloped the
structure in an entire sheet of fire; it soon communicated to
the Railroad bridge, a very beautiful piece of workmanship.
The wood work of both were entirely consumed, together with
the toll house, recently erected by the Railroad Company.
Much anxiety was felt fr the safety of several tenements
near the termination of the bridges, occupied by families, sev-
eral in one building. The furniture was removed, and one of
the inmates that had been sick for some time died this morn-
ing, from the effects of fright and exposure.-Baltimore Pat.

DEATH.
At an advanced age, at his residence, Winter Range, So-
merset, county, Md., on the 20th instant, L. COLTMAN,
E'q much respected through life for his upright and exem-
plary conduct in all his domestic and social relations,


EDITORS' CORRESPONDENCE. I
BuF&rAO, (N. Y.) AbousT 21,1849.
Messrs. GALES & SEATON: The position that you have
long occupied has given you a favorable opportunity of observ-
ing the various changes in the policy of our Government.
From 1820 to 1830 you saw the country regularly advanc-
ing in prosperity, and you have both seen and felt the calam-
itous results of the experimenting policy which was adopted
in relation to the finances soon after 1830. General prosperi-
ty has given place to general embarrassment-embarrass-
ment which pervades every department of business, which is
pressing down every class of society, anti which has filled the
country with despondency and alarm. For the last few days
a general gloom, more deep and settled than I have ever be-
fore witnessed, is depicted on every countenance.
The country at large expects a tariff. They believe that
the downward course of the Government and People cannot
be arrested without one which will afford adequate protection
to American industry and replenish our empty Treasury.
Although it was well known that a bitter hostility was grow-
ing up between the President and the Whig members of Con-
gress, yet it was not doubted that Congress would continue
in session until a tariff bill was passed. The merits of the
quarrel the People understand, and they will chastise the de-
linquent party. Both Congress and the President are ser-
vants of the People; both are exercising powers delegated
to them for specific purposes; and if either or both abuse
their trust, the People will deal with them. Nor will it be
an excuse for either, that the other party was most in fault.
The sovereign People will judge of this.
Should Congress adjourn without passing a tariff bill, the
distress of the country will be increased; but the evils that
have resulted from the quarrel between Congress and the
Executive will not be healed. There will be no greater obli-
gations resting on Congress to pass a tariff bill next winter
than now exist, while the same difficulties, and perhaps
greater, will be in the way. Should no tariff be passed du-
ring this Congress, and should the Democrats succeed the
present Whig majority in the next Congress, no tariff can be
expected adequate to the wants of the country.
In view of our present and prospective condition, Congress
ought never to adjourn until other and greater efforts are
made to pass a tariff. Let go for the present the land distri-
bution. Important as it is, it is insignificant compared with
a tariff. A tariff will afford immediate relief, will give em-
ployment to thousands of individuals who are now idle. The
distribution of the public lands will tend to relieve the States
only, and a twenty per cent. tariff will afford no relief to the
People. We have seen within a few days the effect of low
duties. A cargo of Scotch pig iron has been pushed forward
to Detroit, and offered at two dollars per ton lower than the
market price of the best Ohio pig. Foreign salt is now sold
at prices so low that the holders of Onondaga salt are now
offering it in this market at one dollar per barrel; which is
about the cost of duties, barrels, and transportation. The
consequence will be that the thousands of laborers engaged
in the manufacture of Western iron and salt will be forced
to abandon their business, and lose the millions of capital in-
vested in their works. And this is but the beginning of the
evils of low duties. It will carry rain over the whole North
and East. *

EDITORS' CORRESPONDENCE.

PHILADELPHIA, AUGUST 27, 1842.
The approach of the fall elections is indicated here by all
the usual preliminaries of a contest at the polls. Both par-
ties are holding frequent meetings, nominating candidates,
and organizing for the struggle. Among the movements on
our own side, may be mentioned a Whig meeting held on
Thursday evening, at which a committee was appointed to
invite the Whig members of Congress to this city. I sin-
cerely wish that some of them at least may come and address
the People. The fact, as I consider it, ought not to be dis-
guised, that if the Whigs would succeed here they must make
great exertions, and their strength must be brought out.
They can, if united, active, and mindful of the necessity of
voting, easily overwhelm all opposition in the city. But it is
otherwise in the county. Nothing, I believe, short of the
entire force can achieve even a moderate degree of success. It
must be confessed that there is something in the" Democratic"
ranks which is never wanting at the proper times. I mean
the spirit which impels every man to the ballot box. Not so
the Whigs always. They are too easy, too willing each one
to trust to his neighbor for the work in which all should join
without exception. If a few orators from the Capitol would
come among us and stir up the drones and the torpid mem-
bers of the party to a sense of the high duty of sustaining its
men and measures at the polls, an essential service will be
done to the cause. Governor PORTER has never allowed the
apportionment bill to see the light since the Legislature pass-
ed it and placed it in his hands. We shall of course have his
objections to it some day or other. But as it is not a law, the
elections for Congressmen will be postponed until next year.
On the whole, I am far from thinking that the Whigs will
suffer by this arrangement. There is a great division in the
Democratic camp respecting the plan of the next Presidential
campaign. Several papers are devoted utterly to Mr. BOCH.
ANAN, others sustain Colonel JOHNSON ; and, by the way, the
worthy ex-Vice President's friends have no idea of abandon-
ing him. The order of rightful succession seems to demand
that he shall have a chance against Mr. CLAY. I say Mr.
CLAY, for on this point at least the Whigs are a unit. We
hear of but one Whig candidate for the Presidency-HENRY
CLAY.
A sad effect of the depression has been witnessed here this
week in the turn-out" of a number of weavers and laborers.
Finding wages, as they think, too low, or, what is more pro
bable, having little or no work to do at any price, they exhi-
bit their discontent by parades, banners, and, to a certain ex.
tent as I learn also, by acts of violence. Now, this is the
vely class of men-the hard-working, hard-handed men-
throughout the whole country, who can, if they please, cre-
ate a permanent amelioration of their condition. They have
the majority on their side. It remains only with them to use
their power unitedly, consistently, and prudently, and they
wilt have no cause to complain of low wages or want of work.
In a word, if they vtil place American industry upon an in-
dependent footing, if they will guard and protect it against
the competition of starving operatives abroad, and against the
influence of foreign tariffs, they will lay the sure foundation
of their permanent success in every department of productive
labor. They have their choice of free trade, the inevitable
destruction of American manufactures, and the renewed rule
of false democracy on the one hand, and protection, steady
employment, prosperity, and the triumph of genuine democ-
racy on the other. The truth is, that in Pennsylvania the
opponents of Whig principles dare not advocate free trade
The People of Pennsylvania detest the doctrine as insepa-
rable from their ruin. If the followers of Messrs. VAN Bu
HEN, BENTON, and CALHOUNin other States, could be brought
to think with their brethren in Pennsylvania, it is not pre-
sumptuous to say that we should soon witness an end to the
political hopes of those great commanders. Let the People
be united upon the protective system, and other points of
Whig faith would follow as a matter of course. Shall we
not yet hope for that consummation --that new era of a
sound currency, safe credit, freedom from debt, and public
honor retrieved 1
The rivalry in the steamship line between Boston and New
York is likely to receive a fresh impetus from the arrange-
ments of the French commissioners. It seems tIat those gen-
tlemen will select the former port as the point of arrival and
departure of the French steamers. The Yankees offer a dou-
ble bonus for the boon, wharf free of rent, and coal free of


duty. These considerations, and others moving unto the
same end, may induce Monsieur to pay his respects directly
and periodically to the Bostonians. On this momentous ques-
tion Philadelphia says not a word. She stands on her an-
cient dignity and good name. No foreign worthies court her,
and she wisely courts not them. There was a time when she
had no rival in the new world. I will not say there is none
now so poor to do her reverence, but I do say that, with capa-
cities for every thing, she has suffered them to slumber, while
competitors have grown great and left her in the back-ground.
There is yet but little stir in business generally, although
the close of the harvest season causes more activity in the
grain and flour markets. Stocks remain as flat as possible.
In fact, there is little or nothing done in them. Exchanges
afford but meager employment to the brokers, and all are com-
plaining of the want of something to do. We look still with
deep concern to the action of the Senate upon the tariff bill.
It is the subject of inquiry with every man I am accustomed
to meet. Your paragraph respecting the informal departure
of members of the House was, I fear, too late. The Journal
of Commerce of this morning says that "a member of the
House just arrived in New York says there will not be a quo-
rum for business on Monday." I am greatly mistaken if pub-
lic opinion would sanction this movement. It looks too much
like a preference of persqenali convenience to public good.


CITY NEWS.

THI WEATHER, since the tempest and flood of last Wed-*
nesday evening, has been remarkably fine and pleasant. The
atmosphere has been clear. Last Saturday was a sultry day.
Yesterday the air was cooled by a pleasant breeze; it was,
however, somewhat cloudy and not unlike showers in the
morning. Our broad avenues and streets are well cleansed
by the late heavy rain, and are without either dust, mud, or
mi-e to annoy passengers.

THE HEALTH OF THE CITY seems to require, at the present
season of ripe fruits of various kinds, that due caution should
be used by every one, not only in the quality of the fruit which
they partake of, but in many other respects which it seems
almost idle to specify. It is a well known but too little re-
garded fact, that fruit unripe or too ripe, when eaten even
sparingly, produces sickness of several kinds. When eaten
in too large a quantity, even when it is sufficiently ripe and
wholesome, sickness generally arises. We know of several
families, or to speak more correctly the junior members of
those families, who have lately suffered very severely (in one
or two cases perhaps fatally) by their imprudent voracity in
this respect. All persons, whether young or old, should
during the season of ripe watermelons and cantelopes be es-
pecially upon their guard so as to avoid excess in eating them.
While offering this friendly and well-meant caution, it may
not be improper to add that we have heard of two or three
severe falls, resulting in personal injury, which have been
caused by the improper practices of throwing melon rinds upon
the side pavements.

CENTRE MARKET.-It is gratifying to observe the improve-
ments which have lately been made in our principal market-
house by the addition of good substantial railings, new pave-
ments, and other conveniences for the accommodation of the
numerous market gardeners and country venders who regu-
larly bring in their excellent produceirom the adjacent coun-
ties of Virginia and Maryland, as well as the two District
counties. Nor is it less gratifying to observe how much larger
is the number of country venders in attendance at this market
than formerly. On Saturday last there was an unusually
large number of wagons and carts all along Pennsylvania
avenue in front of the Centre Market, reaching from Seventh
to Ninth streets.
It has been suggested to us by several respectable citizens,
who, as well as we, have been eyewitnesses of the evil com-
plained of, that the country people who sleep in their carts or
wagons or on the pavements the night before markets, are
subject to gross language and annoyances by rude and disor-
derly lads, who in gangs and parties intrude into the market-
house. Ought not the market master or the police prevent
such irregularity I We hope the Mayor will see to the cor-
recting of i his evil.

CAUTION TO TRAVELLERs.-LOOK TO YOURS LUOGAi.-
Last Saturday night, about eight o'clock, as a lady and gen-
tleman were heing conveyed in a hack from Capitol hill to the
steamboat wharf, two trunks, which were strapped on be-
hind the carriage, were found to be missing on the arrival ot
the hack at the steamboat wharf. On inquiry having been
made before one of the police magistrate's into the circum-
stances of the case, (the driver of the hack being then in
custody, and a professional gentleman appearing for the
owner of the trunks,) it was suggested that the latter not hav-
ing been properly lashed by the driver of the hack, had pro
bably slipped off and would be found. We understand thai
it was ascertained yesterday morning that one of the trunks
had been picked up on the road, south of the Capitol, by the
driver of an omnibus, who was conveying the Marine Band
from the President's grounds. The trunk has been restored
to the owner. We have not yet been able to learn whether
the other trunk has been found.
The late PLEASURE EXCURSION of the National Blues,
which took place last Tuesday evening in the steamboat Po-
cahontas, was a source of great pleasure to one of the mosi
numerous, orderly, and agreeable companies that was ever
witnessed on any similar occasion. Not less than f.,ur hun-
dred ladies and gentlemen participated in this gratifying en-
tertainment, which was rendered peculiarly pleasant by the
attention and politeness of Capt. MIDDLETON and the mem-
bers of his respectable corps.
POLICE INTELLIGENCE.-Several notorious rowdies were ar-
rested a few nights ago by S. Moore, police constable, and
taken before Justice MORSELL, who committed them to the
workhouse for want of security. We understand that seve-
ral of these disorderlies are from Baltimore, in which city they
have acquired an unenviable notoriety.
LATE ROBBERY.-We learn that on Friday sennight
the apothecary store of Mr. JOHN F. CALLAN, at the cornet
of E and 7th streets, was broken into, and the money drawe,
forced open, out of which the thieves took away one $5 not-
of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company, about $6 25 (f
the notes of C. S. Fowler & Brother, $1 Franklin Saving
Bank of Baltimore, sundry small notes under $1 each, five
pieces of silver of 17 cents each, and sundry pieces of silver
and copper coin. A number of articles of perfumery were
also taken at the same time from the store, among which wae-
a small rosewood workbox, containing a thimble, bodkin,
needle-case, scissors, &c. all of silver.
The police officers of the District, or any other person wh,.
may hear of any of the articles above enumerated, will please
to give notice thereof to the owner.

RESERVOIRS-COMMUNICATION.
At the late fire on Seventh street we had one of those
practical illustrations" of the necessity of a supply of water
for the extinguishment of fires which a correspondent here-
tofore predicted.
It would appear that several months since a law passed the
Boards of City Council authorizing the construction of re
ceptacles for water; but if the past is a criteiion by which
to judge of the future, much property may be lost before they
are commenced.
A favorable opportunity now presents itself for the con-
struction of a reservoir at a reduced expenditure of money.
by the removal of the ice-house from the corner of Ninth anti
F streets. Here the excavation is already made, and no doubt
leave would be readily granted for the location of one at this
point, which could be abundantly supplied by turning the
pipes from the top of the Patent Office into it. Property
holders and insurance companies, look to your interests in
time; the season for fires is rapidly approaching, and several
churches and other valuable property surround the point
indicated. ____________________ N. L.
CITY ORDINANCE.
AN ACT authorizing the grading and paving the alleys in square
four hundred and fifty-three.
Be it enacted by the Board of Alde-nen and Board of Corn
mort Council of the city of Washington, That for the purpose
of grading and Faving the alleys in square four hundred and fifty-
three, which grading and paving is hereby authorized and require
ed to be done, the sum of four hundred and eighty dollars, or si
much thereof as may be necessary, be, and the same is hereby,
appropriated out of the funds of the Third Ward not otherwise
heretofore appropriated.
Sec. 2. And be it enacted, That the said sum of four hundred
and eighty dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, to
pay for the grading and paving of the said alleys, is herebyas -esa
ed on the lots adjoining there o ; and it is hereby made the duty
of the Commissioner of tlhe Third Ward, so soon as the improve-
men hereby authorized shall have been completed, to apportion
the expense thereof, in due proportions, on the lots bordering on
the said alleys, and to make just return of such apportionment to
the Register of the city ; and the said Register shall, without un-
reasonable delay, furnish a certified copy of said return to the
Collector of taxes, who shall collect the amount that may be due
by each proprietor, in the manner prescribed by law for the col
election of taxes on real and personal property.
BENJAMIN B. FRENCH,
President of the Board of Common Council.
JAMES ADAMS,
President of ihe Board of Aldermen.
Approved, August 26, 1842.
W. -. SEATON, Mayor.

5- I. 0. 0. F.-A Meeting of the Grand Lodge
of the District of Columbia will be held at the Hall on Monday


evening next, the 29th instant.
-Ifilremen's Convention.-The delegates appointed by
the several fire companies, for the purpose of considering the pro.
priety of having a firemen's procession, are requested to meet at
the Perseverance Engine house, on Monday evening the 29th in-
stant, at half past 7 o'clock. Punctual attendance is requested.
aug 27-S&M


3ONUMiENTS OF WASHINGTON'SPATRI- .un
IY. OTISM, containing a collection of interesting documents n
relating to his military and civil administration, with the fac
simileof his account of expenditure during the Revolutionary War, ask
the original of which may be seen at the Register's Office, in his gre
own handwriting, and his Address to the Citizens of the Union- Ian
a valuable legacy of the Father of his Country; with a variety of t
plates, his portrait, views of Mount Vernon, &c. with fec similes sac
of recommendations. $ev
The profits of this work are to be applied to the establishment M
of an institution, to be called Washington's Manual Labor School trib
and Male Orphan Asylum for destitute boys. wa
Copies may be had at Taylor's, Morrison's, Farnham's, and bll
Kennedy's bookstores. aug29 b
i4OUN ID, some time since, a small gold PENCIL CASE, prot
I. which the owner can get again on application at th Mfice ens
of the National Intelligencer and paying for this advertisement.
aug 29-3t_ to b
J UST ARRIVED for sale a lot of superior Western suit
HORSES, at the Franklin Stable, 8th street, Washington tf
City. t y
aug 29-3t N. ROWLES, Mor


WENTY-EVENTH CONGRESS
SECOND SESSION.

SATURDAY, AUGUST 27, 1842.

IN SENATE.
On motion of Mr. BAYARD, a committee of conference;
sisting of three Senators, was appointed by the Chair, to
at a like committee on the part of the House, to confer as
he disagreeing votes on the bill to suppress the vending of
ery tickets in the District of Columbia.
)n motion of Mr. CR1TTENDEN, leave was granted
withdraw from the files the papers of the heirs otf Piatts
SBerry's heirs.
)n motion of Mr. SMITH, leave was granted to with-
w from the files the papers of H. Lewis.
The bill which had passed the House repealing the sixth
tion of the distribution act, which suspends the operation
said act when it shall be necessary to lay a higher rate of
y than 20 per cent. to support the Government, was taken
and read the first time; and the question being, Shall
bill be read the second time, with a view to reference 1"
Mr. ALLEN objected.
Mr. CRITTENDEN inquired whether he understood
t a single objection was sufficient to stop the bill'I
the CHAIR replied in the affirmative, and stated the
stance of the rule upon the subject.
Mr. CRITTENDEN suggested to the Senator from Ohio
ether courtesy would not induce him to withdraw his ob-
ion' I
dr. ALLEN said that if this was a matter of courtesy
ne, he would relieve the Senator; but it was one of great
portance, and against which the party to which he was at-
hed had labored for many years. He therefore objected
he second reading as a matter of course, and would by all
and constitutional means is his power endeavor to de-
t it.
lo the bill was not ordered to a second reading.
The bill regulating the taking of testimony in cases of
tested elections was, after a short debate, recommitted to
Committee on the Judiciary: Yeas 16, nays 13.
'he joint resolution from the House making an appropria-
n to test the invention of Mr. Colt's submarine battery,
i taken up on the motion of Mr. PRESTON.
vr. ARCUER proposed an amendment, authorizing the
retary of the Navy to cause experiments to be made on
inventions of Messrs. Easton, Campbell, or Quimby, tor
prevention of explosions of steam boilers.
L short debate ensued; but the morning hour having ex-
-d, the Senate proceeded to the orders of the day, being the
providing for the collection of revenue, and to change and
dify existing laws, and for other purposes.
Mr. BUCHANAN addressed the Senate, and, in sub-
ince said that it was one most important consideration with
a to vote for any bill which would arrest the distribution of
splendid inheritance of the public lands, and place the
d where it was previously to the passage of the law of last
ptember. Every duty was now paid under protest, and the
t revenue for the support of the Government was in law,
I would continue for some time to be in law, and no one
iw what would be the judicial result. The Treasury war
fity, the public credit affected, and it was therefore indis-
sably necessary to pass some measure to relieve the public
tress. He felt that their very first duty was to sustain the
iorinal credit abroad; failing to do this, they would make
mselves the scorn of the citizens of Europe, and subject
lovers of free institutions to deep humiliation. There
re hundreds of thousands of honest mechanics, who make
ir living by the" sweat of their face" scattered throughout
Union. With twenty per cent. duties, the cheap labor
foreign countries would be brought into ruinous competi-
n with that of our own; and cheap shoes, cheap clothing,
id cheap every thing else, would seriously injure our own
isans, and deprive them of employment. This would be
case he knew in Pennsylvania; and alt he would desire
his own State was such duties as would enable the manu-
lurers to live. He would take this bill, at this moment, in
ference to leaving the country in the condition in which it
uld be left without it, trusting to some other time to amend
o render it more acceptable to the North, East, South, and
West.
Mr. MERRICK replied to the Senator from Pennsylvania,
I said that he would feel justified in voting against this
, because it was calculated to restore the public lands to
Treasury, and defeat the measure to which the party to
ich he was attached, from the loftiest principles of justice,
nered. His firm opinion was that this bill would not pro-
e the necessary revenue for the support of the Government.
would not yield so much by three or four millions as the
er revenue act recently passed ; for tea and coffee in this
re to come in free of duty. In fact, he considered this
sure as an extravagant bill of protection, designed to op-
te, and it would operate, injuriously and unjustly on the
cultural interests of the country.
Mr. SMITH, of Connecticut, condemned the bill, as hav.
Sin view the protection of one great interest at the expense -
and injury to, the other.
Mr. SIMMONS replied, and spoke in defence of the bill,
being necessary to the support of the Government, and the
tection of the great manufacturing, agricultural, and other
teresats of the country.
Mr. HUNTINGTON answered his colleague (Mr.
ITH,) and observed that the people of Connecticut de-
nded protection, and had a right to demand it, to cave
m from the consequences of the inflax into the country
the pauper labor of Europe and other countries ; and he
pressed the hope that the bill before them would, in a few
ments, become a law.
Mr. CHOATE would vote for the bill under a profound
eviction that it was all that they could do at the elevenIth
Ir," or as the sun was going down in the west. He griev-
that, in passing a good law for revenue, they defeated a
oi law for distribution. He had wished to live under (bthe
de and partake of the fruit of both trees; but he felt that,
he same moment, in planting this, he assisted to pluck up
other by the roots. He replied to the Senator from Ma-
and's objections to the bill, and compared the dismibution
d fund as a drop of dew divided among a thousand men
ng of thirst; and, in conclusion, he urged the passage of
measure, and begged Senators, while aiming at the apple
distribution] to remember that it rested on their own child's
ad.
Mr. MERRICK replied.
Mr. WRIGHT declared his intention to vote for the bill,
I gave as a reason that this measure would root out the
m of distribution.
Mr. WOODBURY opposed the bill; and, in the course
his remarks, alluded to the remarks of the Senator from
w York.
Mr. WRIGHT rejoined.
Mr. CRITTENDEN said that, while he did not desiree
see attempted protection as a principal subject of legisla-
i, he was determined, so far as his vote would go, to
ke the imposition and collection of duties productive of
much encouragement and protection to American labor as
s consistent with the character of a revenue measure; and,
arding this bill according to this principle, be fu,-J no
section to it, although he dared say that it was not as per-
t as was desired. The reasons which would induce him
vote for the till were, first, a deference to the decision of a
big House of Representatives; and, secondly, the condli-
n of the country. Although he believed they had a bod
I mischievous President, he well recollected that he had a
id and glorious country; and if one merited his resent-
nt or indignation, the other was entitled to assistance and
psct; and this had brought him to a determination to make
sacrifice and support the bill.
Mr. BAGBY drew no distinction between direct and inci-
intal protection; they were the same in principle. This bitl
s protective in its character, and there was no mtre power
authority in the Constitution to protect one branch of in-
stry than another. This was the chief ground uf his op-
ition to the bill.
Mr. WILLIAMS replied to a remark of the Seonor from
sbama-viz. "that the people of New Eglandl were patri.
:, industrious, and frugal, but there wasone thing for which
detested them, and that was, their covetousness"-and he
Ir. W.) said that if the Senator from Alalbma would do
iselfthe pleasure to visit New England, he would change
opinion of that portion of the population of the Union.
Mr. BAGBY inquired what part 't
Mr. WILLIAMS replied any part. Gi into their shops,
res, fields, and there he would find a hardy, industrious,
ppy, prudent, and virtuous people, and nt that sordid and
Gasping population which the Senator imagined.
Mr. BAGBY repeated what he had said.
rle. WILLIAMS observed that the Senator enitertained
tt opinion because he had not visited- New Eigland and
nime acquainted with the people ; and, in conclusion, he
;lared that this was a bill wbich he could nst pprnvao of,
t he would throw no opposition in the way of ste passage,
i would withhold his vote; but, if his vote si, muld become
;essary for its passage, however reluctantly, he wotulJ give
n the affirmative.
Mr. WHITE concurred in the views express-l by the Se-
or from Kentucky, (Mr. CRITTENDEN,) and thrrefore it
s unnecessary for him to repeat them.
Mr. SEVIER sympathized with his friends on the Whin
e who were brought up reluctantly to vie for this bill,
ich was the last of the assets of the Clay concern-the


ik, lands, and all, having departed and bee,, wrested from
m.
Mr. CRITTENDEN replied with great spirit, contending
t there was no measure proposed by the W higs which had
t been carried by them through Congress.
Mr. SEVIER made some further observations; andt he
ed what measures had been passed by a niojoriy of Con-
eFs. Had the bank bill had the bankrupt bill and thie
d bill 1 No- not one of them.
sMr. MOREHRAD argued that the Whigs had made a
rifice of the land distribution at present for the purpose of
ing the country and preserving it from dissolution.
Mr. CALHOUN said that, it the Whigs had lost the d.s-
bution measure, they had gained another in this bill, which
s more protective, and laid duties more unequally than any
for protection which had ever been passed by this body.
Mr. WOODBRIDGE remarked that, because tbhe bill was
tective, was, to his mind, no objection to it, and he rope to
ounce that as his friends should go he should go.
The question was then taken on ordering theq amendments
be engrossed and the bill to be read a third time, and re-
ted in the affirmative: Yets 24, nsys 03, a followlt
'EAS-Messrs. Barrow, Bats, Bayard, Bubchanan, Cheat.s
mrad, Crafts, Crittenden, Dayton, Evans, Hlunntigton, Miller,
iehead, Phelps, Porter, Simmonas, Smith, of Indiana, Spraauei


I I II lllln ow


I .1









Sturgeon, 'sllmadge, White, Williams, Wo.dbridie. Wright-24. An act authorizing the Secretary of the Navy to contract
NAYS-Messrs Aien, Archer, Bagby, Benton, Berrien, Cal- for the purchase by the United States of the right to use
houn, Clayton, Cuihbent. Fultwu, ,iaha.n, Henderson, King, Babbitt's anti-attrition metal.
Linn, Manguim, Moert;.k, Presto,, Rives, Sevier, Smith, of Con- An act for the relief of Henry Fry.
necticut,Tap-np, Walker, Woodbury', Younrg-23. An act to authorize the issuing of a patent to the heirs or
The amendments being engrossed, the bill was read the legal representatives of Francis Rivard, deceased, and for
third time and passed. other purposes. r f
Mx. WRIGHT now moved to takeup theresolution pass- An act forth relief of Jacob Greaves.
ed, by tbe House, fixing the day for the adjournment. He felt An act for the relief of Elisha Burnett.
that it would be discourteous to the House unless the reso- An act to permit the Secretary of the Treasury to adjust
Ittion was taken up and disposed of. If it was taken up, he and compromise the claim of the United States against Henry
would move to amendit by fixing Wednesday next for the Daniel aned Thomas Triplett, jit. deceased, now and late of
adjournment. He feared, unless it was passed in some form the State of Kentucky.
that a quorum of the House would not be present on Monday An act for the relief of Mrs. Mary W. Thompson, widow
next. of the late Lieut. Col. Thompson, of the army of the United
. The Senate, however, adjourned without disposing of the States.
resolution, there being 23 in favor of the adjournment, and An act for the relief of Thomas B. Parsons,
22 against it. An act for the relief of Thomas Barnwell.
An act for the relief of Amey Babbitt.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Mr. LINN moved a reconsideration of the vote by which
HOUSE O REPRthe bill for the relief of Samuel Swartwout had been laid on
The Journal of yesterday was read and approved, the table.
THE CUMBERLAND ROAD. Mr. L. explained that he was satisfied with the defeat of
Mr. W'. W. IRWIN, on leave given, offered the follow- the bill ; but, at the request of the gentleman from New
g resolu.ioW.nW. RWIN, on leave given, offered : York, (Mr. WAt D,) he (Mr. L.) made the motion,
Resolved, That the Committee on Roads and Canals be in- though he was himself satisfied with thedecision made by the
structed to inquire into the expediency of extending the Cumber- House.
land road to Lake Erie via Pittsburg, and that said committee re- After a few words from Messrs. WARD and STANLY-
port thereon at the next session of Congress. Mr. CAVE JOHNSON moved that the motion to recon-
S At the suggestion of Mr. PLUMER, Mr. IRWIN modified sider be laid on the table; which motion was agreed to.
his resolution by inserting after the word "Pittsburg," the Mr. TALIAFERRO, on leave given, from the Commit-
words and the arsenal at Meadville." tee on Revolutionary Pensions, to which was referred the
rs n modified, was agreed to. bill from the Senate entitled An act making compensation
The reaolution, as modified, wato pension agents," reported the same without amendment,
REORGANIZATION OF THE NAVY. accompanied by a recommendation that it do not pass.
Mr. J. 0. CLARK -offered the following resolution, and Also, from the same committee, reported a bill for the
demanded the previous question thereon: relief of William Lomax, accompanied by an explanatory
Resolved, That all debate in Committee of the Whole House on report.
thestateof theUniononSenetebill No. 280, entitled Anacttore- Mr. HARRIS, from the Committee on Indian Affairs,
organize the Navy Department of the United States," shall cease which committee was instructed, on the 9th of July ultimo,
after the bill shall have been again considered in committee one to inquire into and report upon all the facts and circum
hour, and ,t that time the committee shall proceed to vote on any stances connected with the contracts for the removal of the
amendments that may then be pending or that may be offered to Cherokee Indians west of the Mississippi river, made a report
sa;d bill, and then report the same to the House with such amend- in part, which was ordered to lie on the table.
mental as may have been agreed to by the committee. Mr. HOPKINS, trtm the Committeee on the Post Office
The demand for the previous question was seconded, and Post Roads, to which was referred lthe bill from the
Mr. CLIFFORD moved that the resolution be laid on the Senate entitled "An act to protect the revenue, and diminish
table; which motion, by ayes 40, noes not counted, was the charge upon the general treasury of the Post Office De-
rejected. apartment reported the same without amendment.
The main question was then ordered, and the resolution Mr. PEARCE, from the Committee on the Judiciary, to
was adopted, which was referred the bill from the Senate entitled An
THE FLORIDA MILITIA. act supplementary to 'an act to provide for the adjustment of
The bill introduced yesterday by Mr. LEvy, on leave, en- litles to land in the town of Detroit and Territory of Michi-
titled An act concerning the Florida militia," was taken gano, and for other purposes,' passed April 1, 1806," report-
up, and, having been slightly modified, was read a third time ed the same without amendment.
and passed. Mr. WISE attempted unsuccessfully to get the House
Mr. THOMPSON, of Indiana, (leave being denied) into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, for
moved a *suspension of the rules for the purpose of taking up the purpose of taking up the bill for the reorganization of the
a certain private bill, (title not heard.) navy.
tThe rules were not suspended. And Mr. UNDERWOOD made a similar unsuccessful
Several House bills of a private character which had been attempt with a view to action on the bill for the support of
returned fram the Senate with certain amendments were ta- the District Penitentiary.
ken up, and the amendments were concurred in. At this time a motion to adjourn prevailing-
The Senate bill entitled "An act to authorize the Secreta- 1 he House adjourned.
ry of the Treasury to make an arrangement or compromise
with any of the sureties on bonds given to the United States ] : The following petition, presented in the House under
by Samuel Sweartwout" coming up on its final passage- its order of the 29th of March last, has been brought to the
Mr. MORGAN demanded the yeas and nays, which were special notice of the Reporter :
ordered. By Mr. SALTONSFALL: The petition of Edward Kilham
Mr. A. V. BROWN moved that the bill be laid on the and seventy others, citizens of Beverly, Massachusetts, praying
table; but, at the suggestion of several members, withdrew that the subject of duties on imports may be settled at the present
the motion for purposes of explanation. session of Congress without reference to the public lands.
After a few words of explanation by Messrs. WARD ant]
BARNARD, the bill (which for the two years during which The following resolution is now published in the form in
it has been pending, has always opened a sore subject of par- which it passed the House, having been inserted on Friday
ty politics) was opposed briefly by Messrs. ARNOLD, without the amendments made to it in that body:
8TANLY, CAVE JOHNSON, GRAHAM, and A. V. JOINT RESOLUTION authorizing experiments to be made for
BROWN, and sustained by Mr. FERRIS. tire purpose of testing Samuel Colt's submarine battery.
The motion to lay the bill on the table was renewed. Resolved by the Senate and House ofRepresentatives ofthm
SMr. A. V. BROWN asked the yeas and ays thereon. United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Sec-
Mr. A. V. BROWN asked the year and nays thereon, ^ erbisucdtoenrM.
which were ordered ; and, being taken, were: Yeas 119, retary of the Navy be, and lie is hereby, instructed to render Mr.
Sam. Colt facilities to teat his submarine battery to an extent which
nays 37. will settle the questions whether these or any other plan can, with
So the bill was laid on the table, ease and safety, successfully be employed as a power sufficient to
INDIAN LANDS. destroy the largest class of ships of war, when in motion passing in
The bill for the relief of sundry citizens of Arkanss who or out of harbor, without the necessity of approach within reach ol
The bill for the relief of sundry citizeofA shot from guns of the largest caliber; and whe her continued ope-
lost their improvements in virtue of a treaty between the rations of the destruction of one or more vessels can be effected
United States and the Choctaw Indians coming up- without renewing the means under exposure of an advancing
And the question being on concurring in an amendment squadron ; and whether the same can be used for the defence of
reported by the Committee on Public Lands of this House, a harbor without endangering the passage in or out of other than
and on ordering the bill to a third reading- hostile vessels. And that he report at the nextsession of Congress
Mr. STANLY called for explanations, which were made the expense and result of these experiments: Provided, Thai
by Messrs. THOMPSON, of Mississipp*, and CROSS. the amount so expended does not exceed the sum offifteen thou
The bill was opposed briefly by Messrs. UNDERWOOD, sand dollars, to he taken from the fund appropriated by the act ol
MAXWELL, EVERETT, and STANLY, and sustain- September 11, 1841, for experiments connected with the naval
ed by Mr POPE. service of the United States.
When Mr. STANLY moved that it be laid on the table.
Mr. CROSS asked the yeas and nays on that motion, Sales This Dayy.
.Which were ordered; and, being taken, were: Yeas 103,
nays 47. hOUSEHOLD FURNITURE AT AUCTION.-
So the bill was laid on the table. m On Monday next, the 29th instant, at 10 o'clock, we shal
Mr. MAXWELL moved a reconsideration of the vote sell, at the residence of Mrs. Belt, on E street, between 8th and
for the purpose (M a the Reporter understood) of correcting 9th streets, her Household and Kitchen Furniture; amongst
which are the following articles:
some statement of fact. Rush, cane-seat, and Windsor Chairs
The motion was entered on the Journal. Handsome mahogany card and dining Tables
Mr. FILLMORE, on leave given, offered the following Sofa, mahogany Sideboard, high French-post Bedsteads
resolution: Several excellent Feather Beds, Mattresses, &c.
Resolved, That the House will now proceed to consider the Mahogany Bureaus, Wardrobes, Washstands, &c.
bills from the Senate which shall not give rise to debate, in the Andirons, Shovels and Tongs, Fenders
following order, according to the calendar of the Senate ; Glass and Crockery Ware
1st. Those on the Speaker's table on the third reading. Ingrain parlor, hall, and chamber Carpets.
2d. Those in Committee of the Whole House on the state of With many other articles, and a good lot of Kitchen requisites.
the Union. Terms at sale.
3d. Those in Committee of the Whole House. aug 24-td R. W. DYER & CO., Auctioneers.
But nothing herein contained shall take preference to amend- J30OUSE AND LOTS FOR SALE.-Will be sold
meats by the Senate to any bill returned by that body. J.U at public sale, if not disposed of at private sale before, at
Some conversation followed. 4 o'clock P. M. on Monday, the 29th instant, the two-story Brick
Mr. ATHERTON desired to be informed by Mr. FILL- House on G street, near the corner of 15th street. It is a desi-
MOan when he proposed to call up the bill, reported yesterday, able residence for a private family, contains 7 rooms, kitchen
to limit the sale of the public stock at par, and to authorize and pantry ; also, a green-house, garden, &c. There is also a
an issue of Treasury notes 1 brick stable on the lot.
Mr. FILLMORE. Not until we have acted finally on Also, 2 lots on 13th street, with the frame tenements thereon,
known as Clark's Row.
the tariff bill, which has been amended, and is still under Also, 200 acres of excellent Land in Jefferson, in Ashtabula
consideration in the Senate., county, Ohio. For terms, apply to
The resolution was adopted. JOHNSON & CALLAN, General Agents,
SMEXICAN CLAIMS. P street, or to Mrs. Eliza Clarke, near Baltimore.
Mr. CUSHING, from the Committee on Foreign Af- aug 16-3taw2w
fairs, to whom had been referred the message of the Presi- OUSES AND LOTS AT AUCTION.-The Houses
dent of the United States on the subject of claims of citizen and Lots offered for private sale by Messrs. Johnson &
of the United States against the Government of the Mexican Callan not having been disposed of, will positively be sold at auc-
Republic, and also the memorial of Win. S. Parrott and lion, on the premises, on Monday evening next, at 4 o'clock.
others, and that of Aaron Leggett on the same subject, made Terms at sale. R. W. DYER & CO.
a report; which was laid on the table and ordered to be aug 26-3t Auctioneers.
printed. NEAT AND COMFORTABLE TWO-STORY
The House, on motion of Mr. FILLMORE, resolved it- A FRAME HOUSE AND LOT at AUCTION.
self into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, On Monday, the 29th instant, at 6 o'clock P. M., we shall sell,
(Mr. LINs, of New York, in the chair,) and proceeded to on the premises, the neat two-story Frame House and Lot at the
execute the second branch of Mr. FILLMORE'sa resolution, or corner of 7th street west and P street south, a few squares south
that which provided for priority of action on Senate bills not of the residence of W. A. Bradley, Esq.
objected to. Terms : One-third cash; the balance in six, nine, and twelve
A number of bills (noticed in another part of the report) months, for notes satisfactorily endorsed, bearing interest From
were laid aside to be reported, &c., and were subsequently day of sale. R. DYER & CO.
reported. aug 24--dft Auctioneers.
reported., o-' A-EN---AT -ASHIGTO.-JAME-H.----
The House, on motion of Mr. FILLMORE, resolved it- AGENCY AT WASHINGTON.--JAMES H. CAUS-
self into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, TEN, (late of Baltimore,) having made this city his perma-
(Mr. LINr, of New York, in the chair,) under the third nent residence, will undertake, with his accustomed zeal and dil-
branch of the resolution above referred to. A number of igence, the settlement ofclaimsgenerally; and more particularly
claims before Congress, against the United States, or the several
bills not giving rise to debate were laid aside to be reported, Departments thereof, and before any Board of Commissioners that
and were subsequently reported to the House. may li raised for the adjustment of spoliation or other claims.
When the CHAIRMAN made his report, Mr. ARNOLD He has now 4 charge the entire class arising out of French spo-
challenged it, on the ground that no quorum was present in hiations prior to the year 18u.0 ; with reference to which, in addi-
committee when the report was ordered to be made-an oh. tiou to a mass of documents and proofs in his possession, he has
jection which the Chairman refused to entertain, on the access to those in the archives of the Government.
ground that, when it was made, the decision of the Chair Claimants and pensioners on the navy fund, &c. bounty lands,
authorizing the report to be made had been announced, return duties, &c. &c. and those requiring life insurance, can
No proceedings were had on the point of order; and though have their business promptly attended to by letter, (post paid,)
subsequently referred to, no action was taken, and thus relieve themselves from an expensive and inconvenient
Mr. FILLMORE moved that the bills reported from the personal attendance.
two committees be taken up. Having obtained a commission of Notary Public, he is prepared
two ommitte e t n p, to furnish legalized copies of any required public documents or
Mr. ADAMS objected to going on without a quorum, other papers. He has been so long engaged in the duties of an
Mr. FILLMORE moved that there be a call of the House;: agent, that it can ouly be necessarry now to say that economy and
which motion, by ayes 47, noes 15, was agreed to. prompt attention shall be extended to all business confided to his
And the roll having been called, 110 members answered to care ; and that, to enable him to render his services and facili-
their names: [not yet a quorum.] ties more efficacious, he has become familiar with all the forms
And the names of the absentees having been called; 133 of office.
members appeared to be present. Office on F' street, near the new Treasury Building.
Mr. HOLMES moved that the House adjourn; which feb 25--
motion was rejected. Al RROWsMITH'S NEW LONDON ATLAS ol
The doors of the Hall were then closed, and excuses were C. Universal Geography, very large. Just received (a single
received, copy only)forsale by P. TAYLOR. Black's Edinburgh Atlas of
All further proceedings on the call, after some time, were Universal Geography, Edinburgh, 1841 ; the latest, most beauti-
dispensed with. ful, and most complete Atlas extant. Just imported (a few copies
The following bills were, in the course of the day, and, only) by F. T. aug 3
without debate, read a third time and passed : FOR RINT.-'The subscriber has for rent three
An act for the relief of Jean Baptiste Comean. IIl brick houses, one oo 44 street, near the avenue, contain-
An act for the relief of the legal representatives of Henry 2U ing twelve rooms; one on the same street, containing
Eckford, deceased, six rooms ; also, one on Missonri avenue, in the same square, con-
An act for the relief of Enoch Hidden. training twelve rooms. These houses are all pleasantly situated,


An act to authorize the inhabitants of township eight and the rent will be made reasonable to a careful and punctual
north, range thirty-two west, in the State of Arkansas, to tenant.
enter asetiron of land in lieu of the sixteenth section in said The house in which I now live, at the corner of 4 street and
Missouri avenue, which joins the one on Missouri avenue, will be
township, upon condition that the same is surrendered to the rented with it, if desired; also, the small house on 41 street which
United States for military purposes, joins, and would make a fine establishment.
An act to provide ain insane hospital for the District of Co- july 13-eotf ULYSSES WARD.
lumbiAnact for the relief of the legal representatives of Therese FOR SALE.-A desirable dwelling house, situated
An act for the i relief of the legal representatives of Theree one square north of the Railroad Depot, containing two
Molette, widow of Gaspard Phinle. I parlors, six chambers, and an excellent basement with
An act for the relief of John Compton, assignee and repre- three rooms and pantry. The House is built of the very best ma-
sentative of Garigues Hanjac. trials, and is in good repair. There is a pump of pure water in
An act to conti. ue in force the act for thefinal adjustment the yard; with bath house, dairy house, wood and carriage house,
of private land claims in Missouri, approved 9th July, 1832, and stable for three horses.
and the act supplemestal thereto, approved 2d March, 1833. Also, is offered for sale a tract of land containing ] 00 acres, sit.-
An act to provide for the settlement of certain accounts for uated within five miles of the city, which would make a good
the support of Government in the Territory of Wisconsin,grass or dairy farim ; 75 acres of which might be put in grass this
and for other prponees.nIn fall, as it is now in a state of preparation for seeding. As but a
An act in relttiot tolands sold in the Greensburgh, late St. small portion of the purchase money will be required in hand,
Helena land dstriet, in the State of Louisiana, and authoriz any one disposed to purchase will do well to call on
lug the re-survey of certain lands in said district. _aug 15-eoltm WM. W. LOWE, at the Capitol.
An act for the relief of leaacs Hull. l LLIAM R. RORSE, in hin, ,n-tidueal -.a.acuty, end as
An act to povide fnr the reports of the decisions of the Su- tW ae. partner of T.h's ,Wa'kmins, Jn2 thumnpetsa under
preuse Court of the United Slates. the nameand firm .f "T. Waitkns," has tild hi, petil..r, for tIie
prm ourt of the United Stairs.. .
An act to provide for the publication o f a new diatidn of benefit of the Bankrupt Law, which petition will be heard
the laws and relation of the post-offices in the United before the Circuit Court of the D-air'et of Columbia, sitting
States. ::,& ia Bankruptcy, in the Court-rqom in Wfihlngion county, on
Sans' c o h reie o t l e rs o H Monday, the 19th of September next, at If o'clock A. M. when and
An act forth relief of the legal representatives of Hugo where all person interested may appear and show cause, if any
rens, deceased., they have, why the prayer of the petitioner should not be grant-
r, An act to establish and regulate the navy ration, ed. By order of the Court., Test;
All ct to w H bQo W oi i9Aw FoiNL aug 29-8& W BRENT, qlqkA


F ARM AND COUNTRY RESIDENCE FORI
SALE.-For sale, a country residence and Farm upon
the old Baltimore road, four and a half miles from Washington,
and one and a half from Bladensburg. The Farm contains 400
acres of good land, two-thirds of which is first rate meadow land.
It is very suitable for and is now used and occupied as three
farms. The improvements consist of a large and commodious
dwelling house, kitchen, barn, stable, and all necessary out-houses.
A garden and lawn tastefully laid out, and well furnished, with a
great variety of choice fruit and shade trees, shrubs, and flowers.
Also, an appleand peach orchard, containing 600 trees, selected
and planted with great care. Also, a short distance from the
above, an overseer's or tenant's house, with out-houses, gardens,
&te. The above residence commands a most beautiful prospect of
the surrounding country to the dis'atce of many miles, embracing
in the view the town of Blade Isburg, the Railroad, and the
Potomac river; and, as a her ithy and pleasant residence, fer-
tility of soil, and convenience to market, the above property is
not surpassed by any in this section of country.
Also, a tract of woodland, situated about two miles from the
above, three quarters of a mile from Rock Creek Church, and
near the residence of Mrs. Digges, in a good neighborhood, and
very suitable for a small farm.
The whole will be sold together or in parts to suit purchasers.
For further particulars, inquire on the premises, or of Mr.
William Beckett, Bladensburg, or G.Taylor, General Land
Office, Washington. aug 2-2awd&lawcp4w


IDWAY ACADEMY, (at Charlottesville, Vir-
. giuia.)-The sixth session of this Academy will com-
mence on the 1lt of September next, and terminate on the 1ta of
JuIly following, making the length of the session ten months.
The course of studies will embrace the following branches:
English Grammar, Arithmetic, Geography, and English Com-
position, a thorough and extensive course of Mathematics, Chem-
istry and Natural Philosophy, English History, (textbook, Hume's
England,) and the Latin and Greek Languages and Literature.
We have provided a Philosophical and Chemical apparatus; and
whenever requisite, we illustrate by experiments these sci-
ences, (Chemistry and Natural Philosophy.)
The object of our Academy is to qualify the student to enter
any University or College in the United States, or to fit him for
the various pursuits ofafter life.
Terms: For tuition in all the above branches, except Chemis-
try and Natural Philosophy (for these an additional charge of ten
dollars is required) $ 340
For board, including every thing 140
CHARLES SLAUGHTER,
ALEXANDER DUKE.
Mrs. Dr. Slaughter, with whom the subscriber resides, is pre
pared to accommodate fifteen or twenty boarders.
august 4-2aw4wcp CHARLES SLAUGHTER.


A PER EMPTORY SALE of VALUABLE REAL
ESTA t E AT AUCTION.-The undersigned, by
virtue ofa decree of the Court of Chancery of Maryland, will sell
at public auction, at 12 o'clock M. on Thursday, the 15th of Sep-
tember, at Charlotte Hall, in St. Mary's county, that eligible Farm
lying in St. Mary's county, Maryland, bounding on the Patuxent
river, about five miles from Benedict and sixteen from Leonard-
town, lately occupied by William Kilgour, Esq. deceased, and ad-
joining the estates of Messrs. George Aschiom and William Tho-
mas, consisting of several tracts or parts of tracts of land, contain-
ing about 304 acres of land, more or less. This estate is situated
in the midst of u refined and cultivated neighborhood, is remark-
ably healthy, and possesses all the luxuries and conveniences the
Patuxent can afford, including the facility of communication by
steamboats every week with Baltimore. The land is well adapt-
ed to the growth of wheat, corn, and tobacco, and has an abund-
ance of oak, chestnut, and cedar wood.
Terms of sale: One fifth of the purchase-money in cash; the
residue on a credit of 12, 18, andl 24 months, bearing interest from
the day of sale, to be secured by bond, with sureties to be approv-
ed by the Trustees. On the ratification of the sale and payment
of the whole purchase-money, the Trustees will, by a good deed,
executed and acknowledged agreeably to law, convey to the pur-
chaser or purchasers, his or their heirs, the property to him, her,
or them sold, free, clear, and discharged from all claim of thd
complainants or the defendants, and those claiming by, from, or
under them, or either of them. RICHARD 1 BOWIE,
ALEX. KILGOUR,
july 28-2tawtds Trustees.


RENCH PORTFOLIOS ot Turkey Goat-skin
green, maroon, and crimson, lined with silk and damask,
and fitted up with locks and keys, the richest and most beautiful
articles for presents ever brought to this market. Just imported
(a single dozen only) direct from Paris by P. TA YLOR, and this
day opened. aug 27
M RS. GASSAWAY, Pennsylvania avenue, corner
of 10th street, has a pleasant private parlor, with bedroom
adjoining, just vacated, aug 22-eo2w
S T. MARY'S COLLEGE, BALTIMORE.-The
classical exercises oftthis institution will be resumed on the
First Monday in September, on which day the students must
all have returned to the College. To punctuality in this part
enlar parents are requested to pay particular attention, as it is
of the highest importance, both for the improvement of the stu-
dents and the good order of the college.
aug23-dtS7 GILBERT RAYMOND, D. D., President.
A FULLER'S CITY HOTEL,Washington, D.C.
The subscriber respectfully informs his friends and the
public, that he has removed to that spacious and commodious house,
at the corner of Pennsylvania Avenue and Fourteenth street, for-
merly occupied by him, and lately occupied by the General Post
Office Department, which has been newly fitted up in a very supe-
rior manner. The eligible and agreeable situation make it pecu-
liarly convenient for officers of the army and navy and persons
transacting business with the public departments. The private
parlors are beautifully fitted up, and communicate directly with
the chambers, which are handsomely furnished, and kept in the
neatest order. The table is abundantly supplied with all the lux-
uries of the season, which are served up in the most inviting style,
and the wines are of the choicest description.
The subscriber flatters himself that the expense and trouble
which he has incurred, and his zeal to promote the comfort of his
guests, will receive an increase of that liberal patronage he has
hitherto enjoyed.
P. S. A baggage wagon, with the subscriber's name painted on
the side, will always be in attendance at the Cars to receive bag-
gage, and will convey it to the hotel fre of charge.
The public's obedient servant,
july 27 A. FULLER.
MOST SPLENDID LOTTERIES.
J. G. GREGORY & CO. MANAGERS.

50,000 dollars-25,OO0 dollars-- 2,500 dollars.
50 prizes of 1,200 dollars.
15 drawn ballots.
UNION LOTTERY,
Class No. 13, for 1842.
To be drawn at Alexandria, D. C. on Saturday, Sept. 17, 1842.
BRILLANT sCHEME.
1 grand capital of 50,000 dollars.
I splendid prize of 25,000 "
I do' do 12,500 "
1 prize of $9,000 20 prizes of $250
1 do 6,000 25 do 200
1 do 4,000 300 do 150
1 do 3,000 126 do t100
1 do 2,617 126 do 70
prizes of 1,250 126 do 60
50 do 1,200 189 do 50
10 do 600 6048 do 3U
20 do 600 29,295 do 18
20 do 400
Nearly as many prizes as blanks.
78 number lottery-15 drawn ballots.
Tickets $15-Halves 87 50- Quarters $3 75-Eighths $1 87.
The price of a certificate of a package of 26 whole tickets in
the above splendid lottery is only $180 ; a certificate of26 halves
only 890 ; a certificate of 26 quarters only $45; a certificate of 26
eighths only $22 50; and a certificate of a package may draw the
five highest prizes.

MAGNIFICENT SCHEME I
60,000 dollars-30,000 dollars-1- .000 dollars,
12,000 dollars-I 00 prizes of 1,000 dollars.
UNION LOTTERY,
Class A, for 1842.
To be drawn at Alexandria, D. C., on Saturday, October 15, 1842.
GRAND SCHEMa.
1 grand prize of 60,000 dollars.
1 do 30,000 do
1 do 15.000 do
1 do 12,000 do
1 do 10,000 do
I do 8,000 do
1 do 7,000 do
1 do 5,966 do
2 prizes of 5,000 do
3 do 4,000 do
5 do 3,000 do
6 do 2,000 do
10 prizes of 1,500 do
20 do 1,250 do
100 do 1,000 do
133 do (lowest 3 No. prizes) 500 do
65 do (2 number prizes) 250 do
65 do do do 200 do
65 do do do 100 do
130 do do do 80 do
260 do do do 60 do
260 do do do 60 do
4225 do do do 40 do
6240 do (1 number prizes) 25 do
20,800 do do do 20 do
78 number lottery-13 drawn ballots.
Tickets $20-Halves 310-Quarters 35-Eighths $2 50.
The price of a certificate of a package of 26 whole tickets in
the above splendid lottery is only $280 ; a certificate of 26 halves
only $140; a certificate of 26 quarters only $70; a certificate of
26 eighths only $35 ; and a certificate of a package may draw the
four highest prizes.
Tickets and shares and certificates of packages in the above
splendid lotteries constantly for sale, in the greatest variety of
numbers, at the office of the Managers, next door east of Gadaby's
Hotel, Washington.
12" All orders by mail will meet the most prompt attention, and
as soon as each drawing is over an account of it will be sent to all
who order from us.
Address J. G. GREGORY & CO.
Managers, Washington.
'JOHN S. SUIT has filed his petition for the he-
nefit of the Bankrupt Law, which petition will be heard
before the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sitting in
Bankruptcy, in the Court-room in Washington county, on the
19th day of September next, at 10 o'clock A. M. when and where all
persons interested may appear and show cause, if any they have,
why the prayer of said petitioner should not be granted.
By order of the Court. Test:
aug 27-3t WM. BRENT, Clerk.
A LEXAN DER G. GORDON has file1 hispetittrnforthe
benefit of the Bankrupt Law, wbich .etiion will t.e heard
before 'he Circuit Court of the 1uCriE of Ctlumtnia, nt, inag is
Bankruptcy. in the Cout inoot. in Washington county, un Mon.
day, the 19th September next, at 10 o'clock A.M. when and where
all persons interested may appear and show causes if any hoy
have, why the prayer of the said petitioner should not be granted.
By ordeal of the ogtLit, TItL;
aul 29=4i VWM5 BRENT, 01irk


A TEACHER.-The friends of a lady, who is an expe-
rienced teacher, wish to procure for her a situation. Her
friends consider her fully qualified for principal in any institution
for young ladies both by acquirement. as a scholar and experience
as a teacher. Any information desired may be obtained by ad-
dressing Mr. James Jackson, Baltimore street, Baltimore, Md.
aug 16-eo6t
M RS. MARGARET ZELL, having spare rooms well-
furnished in the house recently taken by her on New York
avenue, between 9th and 10th streets, can accommodate with
board one or two single gentlemen, or a married gentleman and
his lady. d aug 10-w2w
FORTY DOLLARS REWARD.-Ran away from
Washington city, some time in the month of July last, a
negro man named AUSTIN, who is about fifty-four or fifty five
years old, very black, about six feet high, and is a little bent. I
do not recollect what description of clothes the said negro man
had. It is supposed Austin has attempted to make his way to
Pennsylvania, if he is not lurking in and about Washington,
Georgetown, or Alexandria. Austin was permitted by me to visit
his wife, a slave of Mr. Thomas Booth, living in the city of Wash-
ington, in the month of May last, and up to within a few weeks
has generally been at Mr. Booth's ; but recently, I understand,
has not been seen there. I will give a reward of twenty five dol-
lars if apprehended within the city of Washington, Georgetown,
or Alexandria, or the adjoining counties of Maryland or Virginia,
and secured ; but if apprehended elsewhere and secured, 1 will
give the above reward of 840.
aug 10-cod G. COMBS.
-)OR SALE.-The subscriber having removed to Talllahas-
S see, Florida, offers for sale his dwelling house In Aldie,
Loudoun county Virginia, with its appurtenances, now occupied by
William K. Ish, Esq., and about 1300 acres of land adjoining or
near it. Of those lands 330 acres lie in and adjacentto Aldie and
have more than 80 acres in wood.
The dwelling house contains fourteen rooms, is of brick,and has
two porticos, one 40 feet in length. The out-houses comprehend
a Green-house well stocked with tropical fruits and other exotics,
with rooms for servants in the rear. A stable, carriage-house,
dairy, meat house, wash and bathing house,' and large shelters for
cattle. A brick wall seven feet high separates for a considerable
distance the pleasure grounds and garden from the main street ot
Aldie, and the passage through it is by three cut stone arched
gateways surmounted by a brick cornice resting upon and flanked
by two porter's lodges.
Of the other lands,comprehending near 1,000 acres, large por-
tion of what is cleared has been in grass for several years, with a
view to the conversion of the entire estate into a dairy and grazing
farm, for which, being well wooded and watered, itis well adapted.
The groundsnear the house are covered with a great variety of
native and imported trees, and besides a spacious fish pond, a cis-
tern, stocked with gold and silver fish, collect an abundant sup-
ply of excellent water from the neighboring mountain, whence it
has been conducted by pipes undergroundfor many years.
The village of Aldie is situated 34 miles from Alexandria, and
37 from Washington, on the Turnpike leading from both to Win
cheater and Parkersburg in Virginia, and lines of stages daily
pass through it, so that the traveller who leaves New York at 9 in
tihe morning can reach Aldie at the same hour on the day ensuing,
after resting in Alexandria. Any person desirous to see this
property may do so by calling on Mr. Ish, its present occupant, who
will show it, or on Col. Hamilton Rogers, w: o resides near it, and
who is authorized to make known the terms of sale, which will be
found to be accommodating to the purchaser, on his paying partol
the consideration in hand, and giving ample security for the
punctual payment of the residue when due. Persons wishing to
make inquiries by letter will address Col. Hamilton Rogers, Mid-
diebury, Loudoun county, Virginia, or Theodore S. Garnett,
Loretto, Essex county, Virginia.
Inquiries may also be addressed to WM. NOLAND, Esq. Com-
missioner of Public Buildings. Washington.
Reference to be made to Gen. AsA RoosES, of Middleburg,
Loudoun county, Virginia; Major WM. NOLAND, of Washington
oity; and Col. JAMES B. MUeRAY, of New York, who are fully
authorized to fix the prices of the lands advertised for sale, and
to make conveyances therefore.
July 5-laftff CHARLES F. MERCER.
VnpENNESSEE LAND FOR SALE.-I offer for sale
I. 6,200 acres ot land, situate in Obion county, West
Tennessee, upon twelve early grants to Governor Blount and
Captain John Williamson, for 50,000 acres of land. Mine is a
subdivision of each grant.
I will receive in payment, upon a fair valuation, Ohio State
stock, the stock of the Bank of Chillicothe, the Franklin Bank
of Columbus, the Lancaster Ohio Bank, at par, and the Indiana
State stock at eighty centsto the dollar, or the cash, forany of the
twelve tracts of the above named land, or for the whole.
julyl2-2aw JOHN McCOY.
RINCE GEORGE'S LAND FOR SALE.-The
subscriber, wishing to change his place of residence, offers
two plantations, lying in Prince George's county, Maryland, for
sale, and will dispose of them on liberal terms to a purchaser or
purchasers who will offer a price proportionate to their intrinsic
value, and satisfactory security for the annual payment of interest
on the purchase money as well as principal, at times to be agreed
on. The one place, commonly designated by the name of Pep-
lar Ridge, is not surpassed by any plantation in the county for
yielding any kind of crop, lies in the vicinity of Queen Anne,
(post town on the route from Washington to Annapolis,) contains
full seven hundred acres, is stored with valuable out-buildings,
the finest fruits, consisting of choice apples, (there being two
valuable apple orchards upon it,) and various other fruit trees.
It lies compact as a whole, can be subdivided into two or three
small farms to advantage, having copious and never-failing streams
of water passing through each division that might be made of it.
As a whole, it can be divided into three, four, or as many as se.
ven divisions, with continual flow of water to each, and fewer or
allof themut can be made to concentre. e in barn and stable yards
nearly central, and of almost the same area to each of arable
land. The dwelling on this place is out of repair at this time, but
can be put in most comfortable order at little expense.
My home place (Elverton Hall) contains near six hundred
acres, is in the heart of Prince George's, and is equal to
any in the county. It has a fine residence, building, and every
necessary out-building; is richly wooded and timbered, and is
susceptible of division into three, four, or five shifts-four of
which afford abundance of water, and all of them, as in the for-
mer place, can communicate by means of a short and most con-
venient lane with the stable, &c. The advantages of both these
plantations are certainly very superior, inferior to none in the
district, of the finest lands of the county, and in my opinion ex-
celling any of the same sized farms from their capability of being
divided into numerous fields, all to point to the stable and barn
yards under the most economical fencing, having abundance of
water, it may be said to each, being so desirably timbered and
meadowed, of fertile soil, and commodious buildings. On the
former place there is a good mill site. Both these farms will,
at anX time, be fully shown to any one wiho may desire to pur-
chase. Should this notice attract the attention of any out of the
county who would like to buy, I would inform them that the so-
ciety of tirhe neighborhood is unexcelled by any in the State and
most contiguous. NOTLEY YOUNG.
N. B.-All letters addressed to me en the subject arc expect
ed to be post paid. Address under "Queen Anne, Prince
George's county, Maryland."
june 9-lawepti N. Y.
SAND FOR SALE.-The subscribers, intending to re-
S move to Washington the ensuing fall, will sell at private
sale the FARM on which they now reside, situated on Smith's
creek, St. Mary's county, Md., and near St. Inikoe's Post Office.
This Farm contains 300 acres of land, a large part of which is
in wood) adjacent to the creek, and from which one thousand cords
might be cut, and yet leave more than sufficient for the farm.
The arable land is well adapted to the growth of wheat, corn, to-
bacco, and clover, and is divided into four fields, with springs of
fine water convenient to all.
The improvements consist of a spacious DWELLING HOUSE,
with brick gable ends, and four chimneys, and is divided into
four rooms on the lower floor, with fire places in each, and a half
passage ; the upper floor contains also a passage and four bed
rooms, with fire-places in two of them ; there is also a spacious
garret on the third floor ; the rooms are all well lighted and airy.
Two piazzas run the whole length of the house, which is connect-
ed with the pantry and kitchen by a portal and comfortable entry;
the upper floor of the kitchen is finished and divided into two
rooms. Also, a dairy, meat-house, carriage-house, stone ice-
house, poultry-house, a granary with sheds at each end, a large
barn capable of curing fifteen hogaheads of tobacco, with three
spacious sheds and stables for ten horses. Also, two cow lmouses)
sufficient for twenty odd head of cattle ; a corn-house ; negro
quarters ; and spring-house, through which runs a spring of fine
cool water; together with an overseer's house. There is attached
to the dwelling a fine garden, arranged with taste and a due re-
gard to convenience, and separated by a handsome green yard,
which runs around the dwelling. Also, a good orchard of apple
and peach trees. The location of this Farm is excellent mn re-
gard to society, convenience to churches of three denominations,
the post office, and all the luxuries of the water, with which
Smith's creek so well abounds, together with the means of highly
improving the farm, by the large quantity of shells which may
be easily converted into manure. Possession will be given this
fall, and the privilege of seeding wheat for the next year.
A further description of this property is deemed unnecessary,
as it is presumed those wishing to purchase will examine and
judge for themselves. The terms will be made known by appli-
cation to Peter Gough, either verbally or by letter directed to
St. Inigoe's, St. Mary's county, Md.
PETER GOUGH,
MARY GOUGH.
THE UNDERSIGNED will also sell at private sale
his STEAM MILL, situated within a quarter of a mile
of the post office, and which is provided with an engine of twelve
horse power, two pair of French burrs four and a half feet diame-
ter, very little worn, all the gearing being of iron. Also, the
lot on which the mill stands, containing five acres; the miller's
house, with two rooms above and two below stairs, each provided
with fire-places ; a shantae for the assistant miller is also attach.
ed to the mill.


1 will likewise sell one hundred acres of forest WOODLAND,
situated on Lockerman's run. about two miles from the post office
abovementioned, and two and a quarter from the mill. A further
description is deemed unnecessary, as it is presumed any one dis-
posed to purchase will view the premises and judge for them-
selves. Possession will be given this fall. The terms may be
known by application to me, to whom all communications on the
subject must be addressed, at St. Inigoe's post office.
july 12-2 am4t PETER GOUGH.
ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS REWARD.-On the
5th instant, my servant JACOB, a slave for life, left home
with the avowed intention of going to Loudoun county, Virginia,
to harvest. I gave him a pass for that purpose. I now have rea-
son to believe that he has made off, perhaps to Pennsylvania. He
is very tall, from three to four inches above six feet high ; not
heavy built, but good size, and very active in his movements;
black, very pleasant countenance when spoken to, regular fea-
tures, and good teeth. I do not recollect any particular marks
about him. Is about 22 or 23 years of age, very intelligent, and
a good deal of cunning. It is useless to describe his clothing, as
he has no doubt procured new clothes, having without doubt a
good supply of money. Ho may have forged free papers, or pro-
cured the free papers of seine of his free acquaintances.
I will give $50 for his apprehension in the State of Maryland,
or $100 if taken in Pennsylvania, so that I may get him again.
JOHN HARRY,
july 30-e6bm Georgetown, D. G.
P.'S. I wish to hire by the year a servant to supply the place
of the above. J. H.
ODOLPHIN, a Novel, by Butlwer, cheap edition,
. in pamphlet form, large quarto size, complete for 18 cents ;,
lowest price hrWetlfore 61 25. This day roeived for sale by
*ug 98 q. 1TAX L1t


k ACCOMMODATION.
In order that the public may not
be disappointed, and for their bet.
ter accommodation, the steamboat
PHENIX will, on and after this day, run at the following hours, via.
Leave Alexandria at 8 and 10 A. M. and 3 and 5 P. M.
Leave Washington at 9 and 11 A. M. and 4 and 6 P. M.
The undersigned is induced toadopt this arrangement, in order
that the public may have some certain hour of meeting with a
boat at the wharf; and should he be sustained in this arrange-
ment the public may rely upon his promptly adhering to it.
JAMES GUY, Jr. Captain.
The Boat will also make a trip a day to Georgetown:
Leaving Alexanlria at 12 o'clock.
t Georgetown at 1 o'cloclk.
aug 24-dtf
FOR NORFOLK.-.Steamer
iCHESAPEAKE will leave Riley's
~i'f -"wharf, Washington, for Norfolktevery
M1111 Friday morning, at 9 o'clock, and Al-
exandria at 10 o'clock. Returning, the Chesapeake will leave
Norfolk every Monday evening, at 5 o'clock,in the evening. Pas-
sage and fare $6.
Returning, the Chesapeake will take off and land passengers
at all the different landings on the river.
may 14 JAMES MITCHELL, master.
ACCOMMODATION-FARE REDUCED.
WASHINGTON AND ALEXANDRIA BOAT.
Passage 6t cents; Freight and Towing half the usual price.
JThe owners of the steamboat JO-
SEPH JOHNSON being now enabled
Sto adopt regular hours for the accom-
Smodation of the public, though at no
small sacrifice, owing to a change in the policy of the opposition
boat, will, on and after this day, depart at the following hours :
Leave Alexandria at 9 and 11 A. M.
and 2 and 4 P. M.
Leave Washington at 10 and 12 A. M.
and 3 and 5 P.M.
She will also make one trip a day (Sundays excepted) between
Alexandria and Georgetown, viz :
Leave Alexandria at 7 o'clock A. M.
Leave Georgetown at 8 o'clock A. M.
Passage to or from Georgetown 121 cents; Freight and Towing
as above.
aug2B-dtf IGNATIUS ALLEN, Captain.
r 'IHE MAID OF THE DOE; A Lay of the Re-
A evolution, by an United States man.
"Are deeds of glory wanting to the muses
Can she no subject from our annals choose
Worthy the song 1"
Just published and for sale at the corner of 11 th street ar,.d Penn-
sylvania avenue.
aug26 R. PARNHAM.
N EW YORK CHEAP LACE STORE, between
10th and 1lth streets, Pennsylvania Avenue,
3 doors above Dyer's Auction Rooms, is now selling Lace Goods
for halt what they are worth. I have just returned from New
York with a splendid assortment of Laces and Edgings, cheaper
than ever.
Lidies' dress and other Caps, 25 to 50 cents per piece
Edgings, two yards for 1 cent 4
Lisle Thread Laces for trimming capes, collars, caps, and col-
larets, only 2 cents per yard
Ladies' and gentlemen's French kid Gloves, 25 to 50 cts per pair
Cambric Trimmings, 1 cent per yard and spwards
Good Collars. 2 for a tip; Mils 10 cents per pair; Gloves 6 ctas
Silk Blonde Quilling 2 cents per yard, worth 6 cents
Tarleton Muslin for bonnets, 25 cents per yard and upwards
Brussels Net, for shawls, veils, capes, and caps, two yards wide,
only 371 cents per yard
Black figured Brussels Net for shawls, 56 cts per yard, very nice
Pearling, 25 yards for a fip ; Veto Gloves, very cheap.
With a good assortment of i'onnet and Cap Ribands, uncom-
monly cheap. Also, Thread and Plait Edgings, Insertings, Quil-
lings, Footings, black Laces and Edgings, and other articles too
numerous to mention.
Ladies wishing great bargains will do well to call soon. Caps,
Collars, Collarets, and Capes made to order for about half what it
will cost at other places.
Affixed prices and no abatement.
aug26-3t JAMES T. KING.
THE CASH SYSTEM.
ATS HATS I HATS I--Great reduction in prices.
A new and elegant style of Hat for the Fall PdFashion at
greatly reduced prices for cash only, at TODD'S Hat Store, near
Brown's Hotel, Pennsylvania Avenue.-My friends in the Dis-
trict will take notice that on the ist day of September next I in-
tend introducing a new style of hat for the fall fashion; from and
after which period my sales will be made for Cash only. I
shall reduce the price of hats and caps to a much lower standard
than ever before fixed upon the same quality in this market.
The new system of cash purchases and sales will enable me to
do this, and at the same time relieve my customers from the bur-
densome tax necessarily imposed on them by the old-fashioned
credit system, it being well understood that, under that theory
of trade, one portion of the community is made to pay for the de-
linquencies ol the other.
My prices will be uniform, and a deviation will in no instance
be made from that first named; a scale ofwhich will always be
kept at band ready for the inspection of purchasers.
In order to enable me to carry out and perfect this system ol
purchases and sales at the lowest rates for cash, I shall be com-
pelled to call on all indebted t) me, either by note or account,
for immediatepayment, who will please take notice according
ly, and prepare themselves for the prompt liquidation of these
demands.
To my old customers, whom it has been my pleasure to serve
for the past twelve years, I return my sincere acknowledgments,
and hope they may find it to their advantage to continue their
custom under my new arrangement, which it is confidently be-
lieved will prove to be one of mutual convenience and benefit.
WILLIAM B. TODD,
aug 24-d8t Fashionable Hatter, Washington.-
[Pot. Adv. and Alex. Gaz. 3t]
OST, between the President's square and E street, a MO
SAIC PIN, the design a bunch of flowers upon a black
ground. The finder will be liberally rewarded by leaving it at the
counting room of thisoffice. aug 22-tf
FOR SALE, or Exchange for a Farm a
few miles from Washington, north of the city, would
Is be preferred, my House and Lot on the southeast cur
ner of 12th and M streets. The house is a new large frame, on
a brick basement; there also are a smoke-house, poultry-house,
and stable. The lot contains about 40,000 feet, and has a variety
of choice young fruit trees and shrubbery. A pump of first-rate
water is in the yard.
july 16-3tswtf GILES DYER.


M FOR SALE OR RENT, a newly-finished FRAME


J^ ?OR SALE OR RENT. a newly-finished FRAME
M EHOUSE, contain a kitchen, dining room, front and
S back parlors, and six bed rooms. It is situated on the
corner of 12th street and Massachusetts avenue. The situation is
both pleasant and healthy, and about equi-distant from the Gene-
ral Post Office and Treasury building. To a cash purchaser it
will be sold to suit the times ; and if not sold by the lht o( Sep
member to a punctual tenant the rent will be moderate. Fur fur
other particulars inquire of John P. Hilton, near John P. Van
Ness's. aug 22-eolw
HOUSE FOR SALE.-The subscriber offers for
NII sale his residence, situated in Georgetown, on the cor-
jiU ner of M.rket and Third streets, containing a large
storeroom, extensive cellars, and rooms sufficient for a large fam-
ily, in good repair, and handsomely finished. The lot is laid out
in a flower and vegetable garden, with the necessary out-houses
and stabling, and a pump of excellent water in front of the house.
Persons wishing to purchase will do well to call.
N. B.-tI wil sell or exchange for property in the country, as
I wish to retire from business.
aug26-9t *. H. kNOTT.


T RUST SALE.-la virtue of a deed of trust, made and
Executed by Benjamin Bean and Matilda Bean, his wife,
on the let of January, 1830, to secure Benj. Pollard, as therein
expressed, the subscriber will sell at public auction, at the pre-
mises, on Saturday, the 10th of September next, at 4 o'clock P.
M. Lot D, in square 570, with a two story brick house and other
improvements thereon.
The terms will be made known at the time and place of sale.
GARY SELDEN, trustee.
R. W. DYER & CO.
aug 18-eodtas Auctioneers.
P ENMANSHIP.-Mr. C. H. CHASE has, from the sev-
eral solicitations, been induced to make such arrangements
as to enable him to remain in this city until the first of October
next. Twenty-four lessons, tuition 35; should more lessons be
required they will be given until the above date, without extra
charge. For further information inquire at the Academy, oppo-
siteCentre Market,corner Eighth street and Pennsylvania avenue.
Mr. C. would like two or three respectable young men to quali-
fy for teaching. He would not only engage to learn them to
write a beautiful hand, but at the same time learn them the best
method of teaching i,ow in use. This fact is sufficiently proved
by the rapid improvements made under his instructions. Should
they fail, after doing justice to the instructions the required time,
(which will not exceed four weeks,) to produce writing which
shall handsomely imitate engraving, they may withdraw their
names without charge.
P. S. For the encouragement of pupils under the age of 15,
several valuable premiums will be awarded to those making the
best imrrevement.
Parents wishing to send their children would do well to make
early application ; the sooner they commence the more lessons
they can receive for the same price, aug 24-dtf
EMALE EDUCATION.-Mrs. LEIGH'S Boarding
School for Young Ladies, at Woodbury, near Leonardtown,
St. Mary's county, Maryland, will be again opened for the recep-
tion of pupils on the first of September, under the care of Miss
DOMETT, a lady of Boston, Massachusetts, eminently qualified to
give instruction in all branches of an English education, in the
French language, Music, and Drawing.
Mrs. Leigh's personal attention to the health, manners, andne
cessary social intercourse of the young ladies, and to their moral
and religious habits, will be sedulously devoted.
Terms : For board, washing, tuition in all the English courses,
and in plain and ornamental needle-work, at the rate of$120per
annum. Extras per quarter : For Music, $12; Drawing, $5;
French language, $5.
Woodbury is a very healthy and agreeable situation, and easily
accessible, by steamboats, frcm Baltimore and the District of
Columbia.
Applications by mail, at any time of the year, directed to Mrs.
Sophia L. Leigh, Leonardtown, Md. will be promptly attended to.
REFEIZcCES:
Benjamin G. Harris, Esq. )
H. G. S. Key, Esq. St. Mary's county, Md.
Hon. Richard Thomas, )
Hon. Win. D. Merrick, Charles county, Md.
Hon. Robert W. Bowie, Prince George's county, Md.
Win. B. Scott, Esq. Washington, D. C.
aug 256-3w [Bait. Pat.] ,
WM. K. STORES has filed his petition for the benefit
of the Bankrupt Law, which petition will be heard before
the Circuit Court of the District of oolumbia, sitting IlBanklopt-
c, /, in the C.,ojnm-room in Washington county, on Monday, the 26th
September neri, at 10 o'clock A. M.when and where all persona
interested may appear and sho4r cause, if nay they have, why
the prayer of the said petitioper should not be granted.
By order o theie g0,r, TeA*t;,
Aug 227N8 M. DU?' 14!O~kt


W ANTED, by a young man of sober and industrious habits,
a situation as clerk, grocery or drug store keeper, or any
situation as overseer in landed property, where writing may be
wanted, or any other situation where he can make himself gene-
rally useful. Emolument is not altogether the object, but are-
spectable situation. Any letters directed for B. D, at J. P. Gan-
non's, opposite Gadaby's Hotel, will be punctually attended to.
aug 26-3teod
A CARD.-A LADY well qualified for the instruction of.
S Young Ladies in a thorough English education, and who
has had the experience of several years last past as a teacher In
a private school, now desires to obtain a situation as a teacher in
a private family, or as an assistant in a public female academy.
The most respectable testimonials and satisfactory references
can be given upon application to the subscriber. If by mail,
postage to be paid. EDWARD DYER,
aug 26--3taw3w Washington.
GOLD LEVER WATCH-a Bargaln.-I have for
sale a very superior Gold Lever Watch, full jewelled and
in hunting cases, made by Johnson, of Liverpool, and cost $175,
and will be sold a very great bargain if immediate application is
made.
Also for sale, a large and handsome assortment of CAR-
RIAGES and Harness, which will be sold very low for cash, or
exchanged for other carriages.
WM. MARSHALL, Auctioneer and Com. Merchant,
aug 27-3t Penn. avenue, between 9th and 10th streets.
LARGE ANID ANDJ-OME ASSORTMENT
OL CARRIAGES at Private Sale, which I will sell
very low for cash, or exchange for other carriages. They are
made by some of the beat makers in the country, and consist of-
1 very handsome brass-- mounted, drab lined, green hammer-
cloth, close Coach, very light, and was built to order for $750, by
one of the best builders in Baltimore
1 square Carriage, glass doors, drab lined, leather curtains, for
four persons and driver
1 square Carriage, with doors, drab lining, brass mounted, for
six pers ns, with dash pole and shafts
2 very handsome new Barouches, drab lined, with doors, lea-
thet curtains, vety light, for one or two horses
2 square Carriages, drab lined, with dash pole, for four persons,
and very light, for one horse
I close Carriage, drab lined, glass doors, leather curtains, very
light, suitable far the country, and will be soll a very great sa-
crifice, as the owner is about leaving the country
1 very handsome leather-top Buggy
3 sets of single Harness
2 do double do
1 ladies' Saddle, Bridles, Martingale, &c.
Also, a few laige size leather Travelling Trunks.
WM. MARSHALL,
Auctioneer and Commission Merchant.
aug 27-6t Penn. avenue, between 9th and 10th streets.
ARMERS ATTEND.-On Thursday evening next,
the 26th instant, at 4 o'clock, we shall sell at the Lime Kilns
of Messrs. Easby and Hanly, near the Washington city Glass
Works, about 10,000 buehels of Slacked Lime, suitable for agri.
cultural purposes. It will be sold in lots of 500 bushels, on a
credit of six, nine, and twelve months, for notes satIsfactorily
endorsed, bearing interest from day of sale. The lime to be
removed within one month. R. W. DYER & CO.
aug 20-d Auctioneers.
nr The above sale Is unavoidably postponed till
Thursday next, the ltt of September, at 3 o'clock P. M., when
it will be positively sold at the same place.
aug 27-d R. W. DYER & Co.
OTICE.-All persons having claims against the late firm
of Reed & Malbon, or either of the above firm individu-
ally, are requested to present the same to David C. Reed, who is
duly authorized to settle all such claims.
JAMES C. MALBON,
aug26--d3t DAVID C.IREED.
AGE'S PORTABLE SAW-MILL.-This machine
S has been in operation in this city for several days, and has
been witnessed with curiosity and satisfaction by a great number
of persons, including many members of Congress. It is certain-
ly a very important invention, particularly for sections of our coun-
try in which water power cannot be readily obtained.
This machine can be moved ten miles per day, and be ready
for workingthe next,either bysteam, horse, orotherpower. Four
horses will cut 2,000 feet of boards, scantling, or timber of any
dimensions, per day ; eight horses, 4,000 feet; of shingles, 20 per
minute can also be cut without any alteration. Wood, at com-
mon length, can be cut at the rate of a cord in five minutes, and
cross-cut blocks for shingles at any length desired.
A mill of this construction, propelled by ten-horse steam-pow-
er, is now in operation six miles from this city, on the Washington
and Baltimore railroad, on a farm owned by Mr. Charles B. Cal-
vert, which ii cutting, while in operation, 29,000 feet per day ;
and it is fair to estimate that it will cut at least 10,000 per day,
making proper allowances for all necessary delays. Numbers of
respectable and competent persons, who have witnessed the op-
erations of this mill, will cheerfully bear testimony to the facts
here stated. Attached to this machine is a post-mortising and
rail-sharpening machine.
The price, we understand, of the horse-power and saw-mill,
sufficiently long to saw twelve feet, is $800, and $2 60 will be
charged for each additional foot. The expense of attaching a
mortising machine to the horse-power is from $25 to $860. The
addition of head blocks, for the purpose of cutting shingles, will
cost $20 per pair; and the additional saw for wood or shingle-
blocks, 823.-
The price of the saw-mill, including a four foot saw, without the
horse-power, is $300.
The price of the steam saw-mill, exclusive of engine, extra
saws, or head-blocks, is $600. For each additional foot in length
of mill, $3 ; including engine, hoailer, (both portable,) and all oth-
er fixtures, such as sling-carts, chains, bars, cant-hooks, &c.
$3,000-stationary $500 less. The machine for mortising and
sharpening rails, to be propelled by steam, costs $200.
The machine now in the city will, at the particular riq'est of
some of Mr. Page's friends, remain here until Tuesday next.
Many persons who are desirous of witnessing the operations of
the mill on the Washington and Baltimore railroad, will go cut
for that purpose this evening in the cars.
ang 27-3t GEORGE PAGE.
I FOR NORFOLK, CITY POINT, AND
j RICHMOND-Tn sail with despatch.-The
/ substantial and fast sailing packet schooner Pennsyl-
U vania, Robinson master. For freight or passage ap-
p to EDWIN GREEN,
corner of C and 10th streets, Washington,
Or to JOSEPH SMOOT,
aug 27--3t Water street, Georgetown.
FOR NEW I ORK.-Regular Line.-The
fast sailing packet schooner Victory, C. Penfield,
master, will sail with despatch. For freight or pas-
sage apply on board, or to


aun 26-3t


. A. Georgetown, D.EC.
Georgetown, D. C.


F OR RENT.-The neat and commodious two story brick
house on Pennsylvania avenue, opposite the Seven Build-
ings. It will be rented with the furniture, which is handsome
and complete, or the furniture will be sold, if desired, a bargain.
The rent will be low. A. FAVIER, 19th street west.
N. B.-A. P. continues to serve up dinners or dishes, either
at his house or at private residences, saag 15-if
THE ISLAND ACADEMY,
CLASSICAL AND MATHEMATICAL,
AT the corner of 10th street and Marylanil avenue, is now
open for the reception of pupils, by S. J. THOMSON, who is
permitted to refer to the following gentlemen :
Understanding that Mr. S. J. Thomson, of Washington, contem-
plates the establishment of a school in that city, and that testimo-
nials from those who have known him may be useful, it affords
me much pleasure to say that Mr. Thomson lived in my family,as
private tutor to my children, during the year 1839 ; that I was
highly pleased with him as a young gentleman of amiable dispo-
sition and of the purest moral character. I considered him well
qualified for the performance ot the high und delicate duty in
which he was engaged, and always found him zealous and faith-
ful in its discharge.
R. C. MASON, Fairfax county, Va.
THR Pao'tssOas or COLUMSBIAN CO.OBZ,
Dr. TIHOMAS SWALL,
aug 26 C. H. and J. E Nouase.
r 111 SSUE PAPER .-W. Fischer has just received a large
A quantity of white, blue, pink, green, and yellow Tissue
Paper, some of which is beautifully perforated, and well calcula-
ted to cover gilt frames, plated ware, and ornamental work. For
sale, wholesale and retail, at Stationers' ball. july 20
OWNING'S COTTAGE RESIDENCES, a se-
ries of designs for rural cottages and cottage villas, and
their gardens and grounds, adapted to North America, by A. J.
Downing, author of Landscape Gardening.
Bees, Pigeons, Rabbits, and the Canary Bird familiarly des-
cribed, containing directions for the care of several American
singing birds, by Peter Boswell, of Greenlaw.
Liebig's Animal Chemistry, or organic chemistry in its appli-
cations to physiology and pathology.
Just received for sale by F. TAYLOR. O aug 19
ASTOR HOUSE, NEW YORK.
HE SUBSCRIBERS have renewed their lease of the Astor
House for several years.
PRICES.
Ladies' Ordinary 82 per day.
The apartments devoted to families exclusively are spacious
and elegant.
Gentlemen's Ordinary 82per day.
Private Parlors, or Suites of Rooms, with private meals, $3 per
day each person. Parlors extra.
The charges at this Hotel are regular, and no higher than other
first rate Hotels.
HOURS FOR MEALS.
Breakfast in Ladies and Gentlemen's Ordinaries 8 o'clock.
Dinner in Ladies' Ordinary do
Dinner in Gentlemen's Ordinary 6- do
Tea, from 6 to9 do
Supper, from 9 to 12 do
These are the regular hours, but if it suits the interest or con-
venience of our patronS, we provide breakfast at any moment
between daylight and dinner time. Dinners for one or more at
any hour. In short, we take pleasure in providing for the wants
Sof our patrons, regardless 6f the hour or our own inconvenience,
without extra charge.
Grateful for the liberal patronage which has been given to our
establishment, we pledge ourselves to keep it ever in order. We
shall endeavor, without ceasing, to render every thing agreeable
to our guests, and respectfully request them to give notice of any
neglige lce.
july 16-Sm fGlobe 3m] COLEMAN & STETSON.
DWARD S. CROPLEY has filed his petition for the
benefit oftbe bankrupt act, which petition will be heard before
the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia, sitting in Bankrupt-
cy, in the Court-room in Washington county, on the 26th day
of September next, at 10 o'clock A. M. when and where
all persons interested may appear and show cause, if any they
have) why the prayer of said petitioner should not be granted.
By order of the Court. Test:
aug 29-3t WM. BRENT, Clerk,
SYNOPsiS OF THE CRUISE ofl the United States
Espl.ornng Expeltion, during the years 138, '89, '40,'41,
and '42; delivered before The National Institute, by its e-
mander, CrAemaas WrUxs, Esq., 'on the 20th of June, 1842.
To which Is added a list of Offieirs and Scientific Coips attached
to the Expedition, Just published and for rale et the bookstore of
R, FARINHAM,
i1ul9 QogIerof I th m1t "d1PnON&sysaus


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